Crocs devour man in front of horrified tourists        
A group of British tourists were enjoying a sunset cruise along the beautiful Zambezi River when they saw something they will never forget — for all the wrong reasons. Their dream trip along the river, which lies between Zimbabwe and Zambia, quickly turned into horror when they witnessed a grisly act. Having spotted several crocodiles...
          Feedback: God’s phone number revealed by Zimbabwean pastor        
Now you can have heaven on speed dial. Plus: a stumble in our scientific pub crawl, sending a pie to space, selling freezers to polar bears, and more
          A crisis on the horizon for Zimbabwe?        

The crises that are on the horizon for the Zimbabwean people seem much more urgent than any planned electoral process, and it is hard to see how the country can keep functioning until 2018 when the next election is scheduled. The death of Mugabe or a popular uprising seem more likely catalysts for a change in government – we can only hope that either of those pass with minimal violence and usher in a more democratic and responsible successor.

The post A crisis on the horizon for Zimbabwe? appeared first on Peace Direct.


          Zimbabwe: in a state of flux        

Tom Gillhespy, Head of International Programmes at Peace Direct, recently visited Zimbabwe and our partner working on the ground, Envision. He reflects on his trip, the increasing state of flux in the country, and why supporting local organisations working on the ground is ever more crucial.

The post Zimbabwe: in a state of flux appeared first on Peace Direct.


          World: Food Assistance Outlook Brief, August 2017        
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion.


          Feministisches Horrorkino, Hamburger Helden, Frauen vergewaltigen Pastor – News vom 30. Juli 2017        
1. Die feministische Wahrnehmung auf die Männerbewegung bleibt faszinierend. Auf Twitter etwa wird ein neuer Name für Genderama vorgeschlagen. Urteilen Sie selbst: Würde er passen?

Derweil fantasiert die Feministin Teresa Bücker "Fälle von Veranstaltungen, wo teilnehmende Männer/Väterrechtler Referent_innen angegriffen" haben. Wenn es einen einzigen Fall dieser Art gäbe, würde er in den feministischen Medien ausgeschlachtet bis zum Geht-nicht-Mehr. Über Fälle hingegen, bei denen Feministinnen Veranstaltungen von Männerrechtlern gesprengt haben, hat Genderama immer wieder berichtet.

Vor ein paar Tagen schrieb Lucas Schoppe zum grünen Onlinepranger:

Die Verantwortlichen ziehen sich vor einer vermeintlich feindlichen Umwelt zurück und bieten sich gegenseitig Schutz. Vor allem achten sie darauf, dass niemand weit genug den Kopf hebt, um sehen zu können, dass da draußen gar keine feindseligen und blutdürstigen Krieger toben – sondern dass es dort einfach Kritiker unterschiedlicher politischer Lager gibt, wie das für eine Demokratie völlig normal und angemessen ist.


Der Horrorfilm, der sich hingegen in feministischen Köpfen abspielt, ist ein ganz anderer. Wer fordert, dass sich die Politik auch um Männeranliegen kümmern sollte, ist aus feministischer Sicht gemeingefährlich.



2. Der Volkswirtschaftler Norbert Häring fordert alle Grünen auf, sich von dem Online-Pranger der Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung zu distanzieren, und weist die Rechtfertigungsversuche Andreas Kempers für sein Treiben zurück:

"Wir bestrafen aber niemanden, wir haben ja auch keine Sanktionierungsmacht", meint Kemper weiter. Diese Behauptung ist eines Soziologen unwürdig. Es würde mich sehr wundern, wenn der "anachistische" (lt. Wikipedia) Wissenschaftler noch nichts davon mitbekommen hätte, wie die sogenannten Antideutschen sehr effektiv einflussreiche friedensbewegte Linke und Alternative in ihren Millieus diskreditieren und an den Rand drängen, indem sie sie hartnäckig mit dem Vorwurf überziehen, sie seien neurechts, Verschwörungstheoretiker oder Ähnliches. Veranstalter, die sie trotzdem einladen, werden mit Shitstorms überzogen und selbst diskreditiert. Viele der Zielscheiben haben sich ins Private zurückgezogen, ganz ohne "Sanktionierungsmacht". Auch an der queeren und feministischen Szene wird schon gearbeitet.

Für eine ähnliche Methode ist der grüne Anti-Feminismus Pranger bestens geeignet. Erst werden vor allem leichte Opfer aus dem konservativen Lager genommen. Denen tut es nicht weh, wenn sie im grünfeministischen Milieu einen schlechten Namen haben. Mit Leuten wie Martenstein sorgt man für gehörigen Aufruhr, damit die Liste auch bekannt wird. Dann kommen immer mehr Leute und Organisationen hinzu, die durchaus geeignet sind, aus dem grünen Milieu Einladungen zu bekommen, die aber extremen Formen des Feminismus gegenüber kritisch eingestellt sind. Man stellt sie in die - zumindest aus grüner Sicht - unappetitliche Nachbarschaft derer, die bereits den Pranger bevölkern. Dann haben Agitatoren ein prima Instrument an der Hand, um diese Leute gegenüber Einladenden schlecht zu machen, mit der expliziten oder impliziten Drohung, wenn das nicht fruchtet, die Organisatoren entsprechender Veranstaltungen selbst zu diskreditieren.




3. Wohin "toxische Männlichkeit" so alles führen kann: "Die Zeit" berichtet über die Helden von Hamburg.



4. Und die Daily Mail berichtet von sexueller Gewalt dreier Frauen gegen einen Pastor.
          FIDE Newsletter July 2017        

official logo

FIDE Grand Prix Series was held in Geneva, Switzerland from 5th to 16th of July 2017

Teimour Radjabov emerged clear winner of the FIDE World Chess Grand Prix in Geneva after sharing the point with his nearest follower Ian Nepomniachtchi in the final round. Radjabov earned 20.000 EUR and 170 Grand Prix points for the clear first place. Nepomniachtchi and Grischuk took 13.500 EUR and 105 GP points each.

Radjabov gp2017

In the overall Grand Prix standings Shakhriyar Mamedyarov is leading with 340 points, while Grischuk is second with 316,4. They have completed three events each and will cautiously await the results from the final 4th leg.

kosteniuk

Radjabov jumped through to the third place with 241,4 points. Ding Liren on 240 and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave on 211,4 can also hope to earn one of the two qualifying spots for the Candidates Tournament.

Official website

Photo gallery


European Senior Team Chess Championship 2017 took place in Novi Sad, Serbia from 24th of June till 4th of July 2017.

The Serbian team became European champion in the "50+" section European Championships for seniors. The title was brought by the grandmasters Miloš Pavlović, Goran M. Todorović, Siniša Dražić and Nenad Ristić and international master Zoran Arsović.

European Senior Team Chess Championship

Second place get to the team of Italy, which had three grandmasters in their team composition, and the third place went to team of Sweden. Particularly interesting is the fact that for the Swedish team successfully played the Swedish ambassador in Serbia, His Excellency Jan Lundin.

In the 65+ section the team of Russia, for which are playing the legendary grandmasters Sveshnikov, Vasyukov and Balashov made amazing result of all eight victories, and took the first place. The Danish team was the second, and Belgium, after they lost match in the last round against Russia, took third place.

Official website


Panamerican Youth Championship 2017 took place in Costa Rica from 30 June 2017 till 7th of July 2017.

Panamerican Youth Championship 2017

Total medal counts at PanAm Youth Championships:

USA 4 Gold, 5 Silver, 6 Bronze = 15 medals
Peru 2 Gold, 3 Silver, 2 Bronze = 7 medals
Canada 2 Gold, 2 Silver, 1 Bronze = 5 medals
Venezuela 1 Gold, 1 Silver, 1 Bronze = 3 medals
Colombia 1 Gold, 1 Bronze = 2 medals
Argentina 1 Gold
Chile 1 Gold
Mexico 1 Silver
Bolivia 1 Bronze

U8
Lopez Rayo Santiago COL
Mishra Abhimanyu USA
Prestia Sebastian USA

U8 girls
Vidyarthi Omya USA
Maravi Ceron Ayme PER
Qu Greta CAN

U10
Li Eric USA
Atanasov Anthony CAN
Gao Marvin USA

U10 Girls
Contreras Fiorella PER
Wong Allyson USA
Wang Ellen USA

U12
Chasin Nico Werner USA
Galaviz Medina Sion Radam MEX
Flores Quillas Diego Saul Rod PER

U12 Girls
Perez Hernandez Vicmary C. VEN
Yellamraju Ambica USA
Matute Escobar Roxanny VEN

U14
Liu Aristo S USA
Nakada Akira W USA
Titichoca Daza Daniel BOL

U14 Girls
He Emma CAN
Zeng Sheena USA
Ehsani Yassamin L USA

U16
Varacalli Francisco ARG
Ramirez Gonzalez Mauricio VEN
Liang Albert USA

U16 Girls
Gomez Barrera Javiera Belen CHI
Mostacero Velarde Isabella PER
Caballero Quijano Mitzy Mishe PER

U18
Song Michael CAN
Cori Quispe Kevin Joel PER
Quinonez Garcia Santiago COL

U18 Girls
Cosme Contreras Trilce PER
Wang Constance CAN
Cervantes Landeiro Thalia USA

Panamerican Youth Championship 2017 2

Official website

Results


North American Youth Championship 2017 was held in Morristown, NJ, USA from 12th to 16th of July 2017.

North American Youth Championship 2017 2

A record-breaking 357 players from the United States, Canada and Mexico descended on the historic American Revolution town of Morristown, NJ, to compete in the North American Youth Chess Championships from July 12th to 16th. Sponsored by the Chess Tech, Continental Chess Association’s Darcy Lima, the International Chess School’s Michael Khodarkovsky and in Association with New Jersey Chess Federation and United States Chess Federation, the tournament had 12 sections with girls and open sections from under 8 to under 18. International Arbiters Steve Doyle, Eduard Duchovny and Ken Ballou have a staff of New Jersey State Chess Federation officers and staff: Hal Sprechman, Jim Mullanaphy, Jabari McGreen and Noreen Davisson. IA Steve Doyle, a legend on the chess scene, former President of USCF and Vice President of FIDE conducted the Tournament together with Tournament Directors GM Darcy Lima and Michael Khodarkovsky.

Final Standings 


Asian Zonal 3.1 took place in Tehran, Iran from 29th of June till 8th of July 2017

20 players (18 from Iran, 1 from Syria, 1 from Iraq) took part in the women`s section. Mobina Alinasab, a youth player from North of Iran, won the golden medal; Sarasadat Khademalsharieh and Mitra Hejazipour were second and third.

Asian Zonal 3.1

30 players (28 from Iran, 1 from Syria, 1 from Iraq) took part in the Open section. GM Amirreza Pourramezanali achieved Gold Medal. IM Aryan Gholami and GM Pouya Idani took silver and bronze medals.

Sponsor of Federation and this championship is MCI (Mobile Telecommunication Company).

Official website


African Individual Chess Championships 2017, African Rapid and Blitz Championships took place in Oran, Algeria from 1st till 13th of July 2017

45 players (and 18 players) among which the best African players, including a member of the top 100 the Egyptian GM Bassem Amin (Elo 2684) and Ahmed Adly, ex-junior world champion Elo on 2598. All the participants representing 8 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Zambia, Angola, Tunisia, Republic Centers African, Tunisia, Zimbabwe, Ivory Coast) greeted the perfect organization and the good conditions of play in the international hotel "Assala" situated in the city center.

African Individual Chess Championships 2017

GM Amin Bassem from Egypt won the African Individual Championship. Daniel Cawdery from South Africa shared the first place but came second on the tie-break. Adly Ahmed from Egypt finished on the third place. 3 Egyptian players occupied the stage in women's section: WGM Mona Khaled won the championship, while Wafa Shrook and Wafa Shahenda took silver and bronze medals.

Amin Bassem

Rapid Championships: Amin Bassem (Egypt) won another golden medal, Adly Ahmed (Egypt) came second and Hesham Abdelrahman (Egypt) was third.

Amin Bassem 2

Wafa Shahenda (Egypt) was the best one in blitz, Esperance Caxita (Angola) and Amina Mezioud (Algeria) came third.

Blitz championships:
Adly Ahmed (Egypt) won blitz championship, Mohamed Haddouche (Algeria) was second and Phiri Richmond from Zambia was third.
Wafa Shrook (Egypt) was the strongest in blitz. Amina Mezioud (Algeria) took the silver medal, while Mona Khaled (Egypt) came third.


Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017 took place in New Delhi, India from 2nd till 10th of July 2017.

Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017 2

Grandmaster and former world junior champion Abhijeet Gupta (india) came up with an inspired performance in the final round to crush Aleksander Wohl of Australia and annexed the gold medal in the Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017. GM Vaibhav Suri (India) won the silver while the bronze medal went to GM Tejas Bakre (India). WGM Swati Ghate (India) became the Women Champion.

Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017 3

Players from 15 countries including some from South Africa and Kenya have registered for the nine-day long events. The championship had over 550 registered players in various categories spanning from under-8 till open. There were 16 Grandmasters and 13 International Masters in the fray apart from five more Woman Grandmasters.

Official website


Asian Schools Chess Championship 2017 and Asian Schools Rapid and Blitz Chess Championships were held in Panjin Lianoing, China from 20th till 30th of July 2017.

Chinese Chess Association under the auspices of the Asian Chess Federation and World Chess Federation, organized the event in high-standard playing hall and hotel, earning unanimous acclaims from more than 700 participants from 23 countries and regions in Asia.

Asian Schools Chess Championship 2017 3

China won 10 gold medals, Uzbekistan won 8 gold medals and Philippines won 7 gold medals.

U7
Yuruultei Batbaatar MGL
Nurgaliyev Sauat KAZ
Kiaan Agrawal IND

U7 Girls
Tselmuun Dorjsuren MGL
Ruzimatova Afruzabonu UZB
Zhumagali Raian KAZ

U9
Xie Kaifan CHN
Chen Muye CHN
Huang Yishi CHN

U9 Girls
Chen Yining CHN
Dela Cruz Daren PHI
Azzaya Amarbat MGL

U11
Wei Yaqing CHN
Rakhmatullaev Almas UZB
Zhou Xiangru CHN

U11 Girls
Omonova Umida UZB
Kriti Mayur Patel IND
Withanarachchi W A Vinoli One SRI

U13
Peng Shunkai CHN
Wang Zideng CHN
Arfan Aditya Bagus INA

U13 Girls
Cai Boheng CHN
Khegay Yuliya UZB
Liuviann Cecilia Natalie INA

U15
Nanayakkara J A K Saranath SRI
Lin Yi CHN
Tan Jun Ying MAS

U15 Girls
Rasyid Nur Aini INA
Mordido Kylen Joy PHI
Saparova Sitora UZB

U17
Pangilinan Stephen Rome PHI
Sagita Catur Adi INA
Min Po-Yen TRE

U17 Girls
Doroy Allaney Jia G PHI
Edithso Samantha INA
Men JiaYi CHN

All results


          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 05-16-2017 with Barry Roark        
Playlist:

The Terrordactyls- Parking Lots - The Terrordactyls
Sinead OConnor- Famine - Universal Mother
Janka Nabay The Bubu Gang- Game Ova - Build Music
- voicebreak -
Warm Soda- Angel Of Love - I Dont Wanna Grow Up
Shriekback- My Spine Is The Bass Line - The Dancing Years
Tall Tall Trees- The Riverbend - Freedays
Gil ScottHeron- Home Is Where The Hatred Is - Pieces Of A Man
Port OBrien- I Woke Up Today - The Wind And The Swell
Pissed Jeans- Waiting On My Horrible Warning - Why Love Now
Phosphorescent- Suns Arising A Koan An Exit - Muchacho
The Ohms- Drugs Are Bad - If You Dont Think I Love You
Leo Kottke- Taking A Sandwhich To A Feast - Dreams And All That Stuff
Various Artists- Oh Yeah - IN THEIR EYES
Lord Echo- C90 Eternal - Harmonies
Calliope Musicals- What My Eyes Found Live - YOR Sessions Vol 2 Live
Chilly Willy- Grab And Glow - Pdx Pop Now 2009
Thomas Mapfumo The Blacks Unlimited- Zimbabwe - Chimurenga RebelManhungetunge
Josh Ritter- Monster Ballads - The Animal Years
The Sadies- The Noise Museum - Northern Passages
- voicebreak -
Woods- Moving To The Left - Live At Third Man Records
Chicano Batman- Freedom Is Free - Freedom Is Free
Thievery Corporation- The Doors Strange Days - Versions
The Feelies- Flag Days - In Between
Contraband- Too Lo8d Not Enough Time - Boulder Digital Sampler 001
The Buttertones- Neon Cowboy - Gravedigging
- voicebreak -
Goldfrapp- Moon In Your Mouth - Silver Eye
Junip- Villain - Junip
Paul Kelly- Sonnet 60 - Seven Sonnets A Song
Pick A Piper- Still Awake - Distance
Easy Star AllStars- Time Version - Dub Side Of The Moon A Reggae Version Of Pink Floyds Dark Side Of The Moon
Willie Nelson- Still Not Dead - Gods Problem Child
- voicebreak -
The Magnetic Fields- 12 You Can Never Go Back To New York - 50 Song Memoir
The Beach Boys- South Bay Surfer - Surfer Girl
The Beach Boys- The Rocking Surfer - Surfer Girl
Iggy Pop- Dont Look Down - Bowie Heard Them Here First
Marshmallow Coast- In The Army Kid - Time Square
Ron Davies- It Aint Easy - Bowie Heard Them Here First
- voicebreak -


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2017-05-16
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-06-2017 with Indra Raj        
Playlist:

Rolling Blackouts Coastal Fever- French Press - The French Press EP
Damaged Bug- Bog Dash - Bunker Funk
- voicebreak -
Janka Nabay The Bubu Gang- Bubu Dub - Build Music
Chicano Batman- Passed By You - Freedom Is Free
Ibibio Sound Machine- The Chant Iquo Isang - Uyai
- voicebreak -
KAYTRANADA- BULLETS feat Little Dragon - 999
Tinariwen- Sastanqqm - Elwan
Moderat- Running - III
- voicebreak -
ADOR- Let It All Hang Out - The Concrete
Zimbabwe Legit- To Bead Or Not To Bead - Brothers From The Mother
John Arnold- Neighborhood Science - Neighborbood Science
- voicebreak -
Naomi Shelton The Gospel Queens- Lift My Burdens - What Have You Done My Brother
Raphael Saadiq- Movin Down The Line - Stone Rollin
Bob Theile And His Happy Good Times Orchestra- Fakin It - Light My Fire
The LA Four- Sundancers - Scores
- voicebreak -
Elmore James- The Sky Is Crying - The Sky Is Crying
Karrie Potter- You Cant Just Take Our Homes Away - We Wont Move Songs Of The Tenants Movement
Shinichi Suzuki Artist Unknown- Etude - Suzuki Violin School Vol 1
Bill Blacks Combo- The Funky Train - Black With Sugar
Mongo Santamaria- I Wanna Know Live Montreux Jazz Festival 1971 - Mongo At Montreaux Live
- voicebreak -
Sonny Charles And The Checkmates Ltd- Black Pearl - Love Is All We Have To Give
James Brown- Get Up Off That Thing Live - Live In New York
Charlie Whitehead The Swamp Dogg Band- Help God Help America - Charlie Whitehead The Swamp Dogg Band Remastered
Eddy Grant- Living On The Frontline - Walking On Sunshine
Steel Pulse- Unseen Guest - Tribute To The Martyrs
- voicebreak -
KyMani Marley- Keepers Of The Light feat Damian Jr Gong Marley - Maestro
Desmond Dekker The Aces- It Mek - Israelites The Best Of Desmond Dekker
Iggy The Stooges- Search And Destroy - Raw Power
Toro Y Moi- Still Sound - Underneath The Pine


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-04-06
          Zimbabwe: a writer talks about the demolisions        
none
          Zimbabwe: inflation, inflation, inflation        
none
          Garden Africa        
Garden Africa is a wonderful charity that works with people in South Africa, Namibia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe training smallholders to grow crops to organic standards to improve their income and protect the environment. Whatever support you can give will be appreciated.
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 07-24-2014 with Rett Rogers        
Playlist:

Marvin Gaye- Baby Dont You Do It - The Complete Collection
Wanda Jackson- Sticks And Stones - Right Or Wrong
Townes Van Zandt- Hunger Child Blues - In The Beginning
Ark Life- Proud Of Me Out There Mama - The Dream Of You Me
Jacqueline Taieb- 7 Heures Du Matin - Femmes De Paris Vol 1
The Still Tide- Runsmash - Tinder EP
Natalie Tate- The Arrow - Given Day
Bruce Springsteen- Im On Fire - Born In The USA
Miss America- Justice - Audiovore Mfp Present
Tom Waits- Hoist That Rag - Real Gone
The Standells- Why Pick On Me - The Live Ones Previously Unissued Live Recordings From Michigan State University 1966
Assagai Including Dudu Pukwana Jade Warrior- Dalani - Zimbabwe Remastered
Loyce E Os Gnomes- Era Uma Nota De - Brazillian Fuzz
Melvin Lil Son Jackson- The Girl I Love - Blues Come To Texas
Howlin Wolf- Down In The Bottom - Howlin Wolf His Best Vol 2
Elmore James- Something Inside Me - The Essential Elmore James
Miriam Makeba- Pata Pata - Pata Pata
Fela Kuti- Who No Know Go Know - Everything Scatter
Funkadelic- Hit It And Quit It - Maggot Brain
Carolyn Franklin- I Cant Love Without You - Baby Dynamite
The ShangriLas- Bull Dog - Leader Of The Pack
Charlie Rich- Mohair Sam - The Essential Charlie Rich
Lee Hazlewood- Pour Man 2007 Remastered Version - Love And Other Crimes
Loretta Lynn- Fist City - The Definitive Collection Loretta Lynn
Willis Alan Ramsey- Northeast Texas Woman - Willis Alan Ramsey
George Jones- Feeling Single Seeing Double - Heartaches And Hangovers
Tyler Lee Holter- Tornado Alley - Ep
Iggy The Stooges- Gimme Danger - Raw Power
Various Artists- Hey Joe The Leaves - Nuggets
Harry Nilsson- Jump Into The Fire - Everybodys Talkin The Very Best Of Harry Nilsson
Zia- Heleyos - A Singer A Song Vol 1
Cymande- Rickshaw - Cymande
Colfax Speed Queen- Fiends In The Night - Colfax Speed Queen EP
The Knew- Whats Hip - Whats Hip
Inner Oceans- The Night Demo - Inner Oceans Single
The Centennial- Nervous System - Nervous System
Patrick Dethlefs- Blue Eyes - While Youre Carrying The Weight Single
The Blue Rider- Out Of Limits - Ep
The Rolling Stones- 2000 Light Years From Home - Their Satanic Majesties Request
- Seat In The Kingdom - Life Is A ProblemBut Where Theres Life There Is Hope


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2014-07-24
          Zimbabwe : du wi-fi à Harare        

L’opérateur Liquid Telecom, a annoncé le déploiement de 200 bornes Wi-Fi à travers le Zimbabwé. Ces bornes dont la pluparts sont déployés dans la capitale Harare, seront installés dans des zones de forte affluence, tel que les centres commerciaux, les restaurants, les clubs de sport, les aéroports et les universités. « La mise à disposition de […]

Cet article Zimbabwe : du wi-fi à Harare est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Zimbabwe: TelOne adopte la facturation prépayée        

  L’opérateur des télécommunications TelOne va adopter la facturation prépayée dans la téléphonie fixe afin d’augmenter ses revenus et recouvrer la somme de 160 millions de dollars que lui doivent les consommateurs à travers le pays. C’est Chipo Mtasa, directrice générale de la société, qui a fait l’annonce. «Nous voulons transformer la technologie de base […]

Cet article Zimbabwe: TelOne adopte la facturation prépayée est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Zimbabwe : retour à la stabilité chez Econet Wireless        

La filiale zimbabwéenne du groupe Econet Wireless a réalisé des économies de 70 millions de dollar ces trois mois. Selon Douglas Mboweni, le patron de l’entreprise, leader du marché des télécoms au Zimbabwe, cette performance est signe de retour à la stabilité au sein de l’entreprise. L’entreprise face à la chute du dollar zimbabwéen face […]

Cet article Zimbabwe : retour à la stabilité chez Econet Wireless est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Les pays de la SADEC harmonisent leurs tarifs de roaming        

Certains pays de la Communauté de développement des Etats d’Afrique Australe (SADEC), notamment la Namibie, le Botswana, la Zambie et le Zimbabwe, veulent réduire et harmoniser leurs tarifs de roaming. Il s’agit pour eux de se conformer à la recommandation de l’Union internationales des Télécommunications (UIT) sur la nécessité pour les sous-régions d’Afrique de réduire […]

Cet article Les pays de la SADEC harmonisent leurs tarifs de roaming est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Afrique Australe : quatre pays veulent harmoniser leurs tarifs roaming        

La Namibie, le Bostwana, la Zambie et le Zimbabwe, membres de la  Communauté de développement des Etats d’Afrique Australe (SADEC) se concertent pour réduire et harmoniser leurs tarifs roaming. Ce projet qui vise à donner davantage de pouvoir de communiquer aux populations fait suite, à l’interpellation de l’Union internationales des Télécommunications (UIT) sur la nécessité […]

Cet article Afrique Australe : quatre pays veulent harmoniser leurs tarifs roaming est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Zimbabwean Women Weave Their Own, Beautiful Future        

Seventy-seven-year-old Grace Ngwenya has an eye for detail. You will never catch her squinting as she effortlessly weaves ilala palm fronds into beautiful baskets. Her actions are swift and methodical as she twirls, straightens and tugs the long strands into a fine stitch. Periodically she pauses to dip the last three fingers of her right […]

The post Zimbabwean Women Weave Their Own, Beautiful Future appeared first on Inter Press Service.


          Good Harvest Fails to Dent Rising Hunger in Zimbabwe        

With agriculture as one of the drivers of economic growth, Zimbabwe needs to invest in the livelihoods of smallholder farmers who keep the country fed, experts say. Agriculture currently contributes nearly 20 percent to Zimbabwe’s gross domestic product (GDP), due largely to export earnings from tobacco production. More than 80,000 farmers have registered to grow […]

The post Good Harvest Fails to Dent Rising Hunger in Zimbabwe appeared first on Inter Press Service.


          Nothing to Show for Hard Work but Burnt Fields of Maize        

Gertrude Mkoloi earns a living harvesting maize on a small piece of land in rural Zimbabwe. Or at least she used to. Deep in rural Binga, more than 400 km from the country’s second-largest city, Bulawayo, Mkoloi stared blankly at her maize crop, scorched brown by the sun during what was meant to be the […]

The post Nothing to Show for Hard Work but Burnt Fields of Maize appeared first on Inter Press Service.


          Zimbabwe        
Mugabe is old and sick and his wife is hoping to take over when he dies.

In the meanwhile, Trump is cutting funds from groups that push abortion, so a lot of "Family planning" groups will lose money. Of course, they could stop pushing abortion, which in African traditional society is murder, but whatever. the article touts a group that pushed only birth control, and they are outsiders. what about doing this with immunizations, cheap protein supplements, and WHO rehydration fluid? Because only birth control gets the money.

In the meanwhile, Mugabe is being pushed into reforms according to one local paper.

actually, if you read the article they are just continuing Obama's policy.
          African immigrants and refugees        
Most of the controversy is about the Somalis who might bring in terror.



AlJ laments man made famine in Somalia. Want to fix it? Kill the bad guys who are intimidating aid workers and stealing food.

Somalia has been policed since the early 1990's by the UN (as is the Congo civil war). Including well trained soldiers from Kenya trying to keep the peace. The trouble is that peacekeepers keep the peace, they don't kill bad guys.

on the other hand, this explains the little noticed phone call Trumpieboy made to Kenya's president a couple days ago.

Kenya is having trouble with these "refugees" from Somalia, and deporting a lot of them

so the question is, of course, why they can't be settled in these nearby countries, where there are already a lot of Somalian workers. The answer: these countries don't want them because they cause crime and terrorism.

from my main blog. I think refugees need to be helped, and the best way to do this is pacify their countries.

But who will risk invading and doing this (as Britain did in India and was the excuse for colonialism in Africa).

Resettling refugees is good, but does have problems, the main one being you can't resettle all of them, the second is that the problem of assimilation takes three generations. (at least it did for the Irish, Italians, and Jewish immigrants into the  USA).

about ten perdcent of Zimbabwean population has emigrated to find jobs, mostly to South Africa or the UK. Wikipedia article.

There are various conflicting unofficial figures about the number of Zimbabweans in the US. The RAND Corporation estimated in 2000 that there were 100,000 in the state of New York alone.[12] 
it's hard to find later statistics.  Indeed it is hard to find exactly how many Zimbabweans are working or emigrating abroad.

Rough estimates vary from place to place:

However, tacit agreement among nongovernmental organisations is that the Zimbabwe diaspora is spread out mainly in South Africa, Botswana, the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, New Zealand and Australia. South Africa is estimated to have the bulk of Zimbabwe’s diaspora community, with an estimated two million to three million Zimbabwean nationals living in that country.
Second to South Africa as a destination of permanent settlement for Zimbabweans is the UK. Community-based organisations estimate the total number of Zimbabweans living legally in the UK to be 200 000, but say it is about 500 000 if one includes undocumented immigrants. 

not many go to the USA: Only 45,000 is the estimate in this article. (2008).

this article states that since 1980 immigrants from Sub Sahara Africa number 1.8 million. into the USA. But few are from Zimbabwe.

and this video frrom the US Library of Congress discusses recent African immigration into the USA.




          Armyworm devestates crops        
DW report on the Armyworm eating the corn crop.

Global warming? No. Imported from South America, probably by an imported plant, and spreading around the continent.

Slow government response, and farmers believe the rumor that pesticides won't work


most farmers are still not aware of what can be done to reduce it's damage. Some farmers in Gokwe district bought all kind of theories about a mysterious worm due to lack of information and clear guidance from the government. As a result some healthy looking crops were left at the mercy of the devouring fall armyworm. Many of the farmers are now counting huge losses....
FAO warned that Zimbabwe is likely to be the hardest hit with 130,000 hectares of maize and corn crops largely affected. So far the fall armyworm has spread in at least 10 provinces in Zimbabwe.
Despite the farmers' concerns, the government sees no urgency or panic regarding the armyworm. The head Plant Protection Research Institute at Zimbabwe’s Ministry of Agriculture, Godfrey Chikwenhere, said the yield reduction obeserved was minimal. "The only issue now is that we are using a substantial amount of money on chemicals," he said."
Though from the casual observer when you see the worm and all the plant being [attacked] you might estimate that the yield is very high," Chikwenhere added.
The caterpillar stage is the dangerous one that eats the crops. Ah, but then it turns into a moth, which is how it can migrate so quickly into new area.





this WIKIHOW is more about how gardeners can control it in rich countries

BBC article:

Why is it such a threat to farming? It is very hungry (and not picky) - This pest targets maize (corn) and other cereal crops, like its African namesake, but it also attacks cotton, soybean, potato and tobacco crops. When it does invade, up to three-quarters of the crop can be destroyed.
Unknown enemy - Governments, communities and farmers have no previous experience of dealing with the new pest, which may be even harder to deal with than its native equivalent.
  • It is fast - According to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), it has taken only eight weeks for the pest to spread to the six southern African countries where there are suspected infestations.
  • It travels far and wide - The caterpillar stage does the damage but "it's the adult moth that migrates long distances and that's how it's managed to get round Africa," says Professor Ken Wilson, an expert on armyworms.
  • It is not just targeting any old crop - Maize is the primary food staple in many of the areas where the pest has been identified.
  • It is hard to find - The fall armyworm burrows right into the stem of maize plants, concealing itself from view and preventing farmers from spotting the problem early.
  • Bad timing - It comes after two years of record droughts, which have already affected more than 40 million people in the region, making 15% less food available, according to the UN.

often outside the crop looks good, until you open the cob.







Gizmodo articcle on efforts to control the pest. They blame global warming of course.

As if the drought/rain cycle was due to global warming, not a normal event that has been going on for years.

Actually all they say is that the moth didn't spread quickly during the drought, but once the rain came and there was a lot of good crops to eat it spread.

Nature article on droughts in Africa:


Our data indicate that, over the past millennium, equatorial east Africa has alternated between contrasting climate conditions, with significantly drier climate than today during the 'Medieval Warm Period' (approx ad 1000–1270) and a relatively wet climate during the 'Little Ice Age' (approx ad 1270–1850) which was interrupted by three prolonged dry episodes.
We also find strong chronological links between the reconstructed history of natural long-term rainfall variation and the pre-colonial cultural history of east Africa4, highlighting the importance of a detailed knowledge of natural long-term rainfall fluctuations for sustainable socio-economic development.

          Anti Immigration rally in South Africa        
Al J reports on a planned anti immigration rally in South Africa.

foreigners are blamed for increased drug use and crime.

Many of the immgrants are from Zimbabwe.
          Pedophilia scandal.         
The UK Telegraph story of a friend of the Archbishop of Canterbury who is a pedophile. And a murderer.

A previous court case in Zimbabwe was dropped because of irregularities

A lot of our ric criminals get off this way in the Philippines.

I believe Jesus called this a wolf in sheep's clothing, and advised the millstone treatment for such people. (the old fashioned equivalent of the Mafia's cement sshoe treatment)

Sickening.
          famine news        
I am sending money to a friend in Zimbabwe to help her family (mainly to pay school fees for her nephews and nieces) and I haven't heard from here in several months. I hope she is well: She has high blood pressure and has had a stroke, and the last email said she is having problems getting to a computer or using her cellphone to text me that she received her money. I can't send much: I am on social security, but every little bit helps.

The money crisis there is bad: They had uberiflation which got in the news a couple years ago, but later allowed people to use SARands or US dollars, which did help: I can now send her US dollars by Western Union and know she is getting the amount I sent her, not the amount that was legal by official government exchange, which was much lower than the money was worth.

now, if you know history, the lack of money in hand has caused frustration  and even hardship, so the latest item (VOA) says that the gov't is trying to have the rural folks use debit cards etc. instead of coins.

Zimbabwe has a fairly high standard of education, and when politics and financial collapse occurred (due to Mugabe's socialist policies, but also because of sanctions because Mugabe stole the land from White farmers to distribute to locals, and later to his friends. Of course the white farmers got the land from the people, but never mind).

So the educated skedaddled to get jobs elsewhere: in the UK but mainly in South Africa, often as illegal immigrants, who work to try to support the families back home.

Hollywood teds to blame Trump, but these problems are nothing new, and Hollywood has indeed had films/tv shows that examine the issues under the guise of Science Fiction.  If you saw the sciFi movie District 9, well, that started as a short film satire against the dislike of immigrants. So under Trumpie, will the US be District 9, or Alien Nation, which is about assimilating refugees from outer space?

Well, anyway, this year the rains didn't come again so hunger again is a problem in rural areas. Not getting a lot of publicity in the US MSM. Get Religion links to this story about famine in rural Kenya, which will break your heart.

The point is that governments are trying to cope, but not doing a good enough job. The Red Cross is there, as are many from the "faith communities", but Muslim and Christian, which are on the front line of assistance.

And the article ends with a plea for improving the ability to farm:


Meanwhile, Matolo and other many faith leaders in East Africa continue to stress better farming methods, the use of quality seeds and increased water harvesting. “When I see the people starving, I feel desperate. I also feel disappointed that many of the promises by government officials to deliver water have not been honored,” said Matolo. “If these people can get water for irrigation, the area will become the country’s bread basket. They are doing it in Israel, which is a desert. Here, the soils are very fertile and the people are not lazy.”
The US has responded by increasing aid: Trump just sent 4 million more, on top of the 131 million already sent there since June 2015, which the UN, US and other agencies will use to feed people and work on the infrastructure. (safe water and sanitation).

Relief net has a long article about the various aid agencies helping countries in East and South Africa during this drought.

Aid agencies are often used since money to local governments might just get diverted. China has helped in Zimbabwe when western aid was cut over "human rights" abuses etc. but of course, lots of their money got diverted to keep the Mugabe regime in power.

and they mention that in Zimbabwe, the corn and other crops are being destroyed by the FallArmy worm.  This will need pesticides, and GM crops might help control it.

 CNN Report here.

sigh.

There are huge back stories about why not: From the countries emphasizing modernization in cities instead of farming, to the NGO's that too often oppose GM crops and the green revolution (and influence local governments to ban these modern crops), or NGO's who were more worried about animals than humans, to political instability and tribal politics, where one tribe got the money and the others were neglected. Indeed, in parts of Africa, a lot of the religious conflict is tribal conflict and/or traditional rivalry between farmers and herders.

Zimbabwe doesn't have a lot of religious conflicts, although there is a low grade one between between the Matabele (a warrior tribe and Zulu offshoot) and the Mashona (pacifistic farmers).

These famines are not new: as I said in an earlier post, they had a major one when I was there in the 1970's, and another in the 1990's. Sigh.

but one thing that is often left out of these stories (which in the western press alas often follow the  "westerners aid poor African" meme): that the Diaspora is supporting their families.

This HuffPost story is about remittances sent back from those who migrated to work elsewhere and are sending money home.

According to a report published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 2013, remittances sent to the world’s poorest countries including 33 African countries have increased to US $27 billion in 2011 from US $3.5 billion in 1990.

South African mining is a big source of these remittances, but then there are a lot of other stories out there about undocumented educated workers who do menial jobs to support their families.

This is the back story of all those Africans trying to sneak into Europe, or my previous post about Africans in China.

There are an estimated 400 thousand illegal black immigrants in the US: Some from Haiti or the West Indies, but many from Africa.

these immigrants have faces, and families. So do we gather them up and send them back, or work to integrate them? District 9 or Alien Nation? Anyone? Anyone?







          China takes over        
UKTelegraph reports that the farms confiscated from white farmers has been given to Chinese nationals

my sarcastic quote: Better to give it to someone who knows how to farm than to one of the cronies who will let the land lie fallow.
          Zimbabwe activism        
One change in the last ten years is that now rural Zimbabweans have cellphones.

Globalvoices has an article on netcitizen activism

Mawarire, wrapped in a Zimbabwean flag, posted a video on YouTube and Facebook, asking:
This flag, this beautiful flag, they tell me that the green is for the vegetation and the crops. I don't see any crops in my country. The yellow is for all the minerals… I don't know how much is left. I don't know who they sold it to and how much they got for it. They tell me that the black is for the majority people like me and yet for some reason I don't feel like I am a part of it.

read the whole thing...
          sleeping sickness        
Librivox has an audiobook written in the early 1900's that investigates the problem of sleeping sickness.

they blame the epidemic on western traders and explorers who took infected porters with them, spreading the disease to new areas and killing hundreds of thousands of people.

However, what about the Arab traders, including the slave traders, who were in the area at the time? They cite Stanley and Livingstone, but ignore that Livingstone's work was most important in influencing people to oppose the slave trade...


Ironically, what opened Zimbabwe to western expansion was because the rinderpest epidemic killed off enough wildlife to stop the tsetse fly from having enough animals to feed on. There was a tsetse fly free area fenced off when I lived there 35 years ago...wonder if it is still working?
          the Congo imitates Mugabe        
StrategyPage has an article on the Congo and includes some items about Mugabe as poster child for corrupt "presidents for life".


His opponents are pointing to Kabila’s recent visit to Zimbabwe. He met with Zimbabwean dictator Robert Mugabe who is basically Zimbabwe’s president for life. Opponents claim Kabila is seeking Mugabe’s help. Zimbabwe maintained a military force in the Congo during the Great Congo War (1998-2003). The opposition views that meeting with Mugabe as an indication that Kabila might use military and police force to remain in power. That is what Mugabe does. 



          Fire at Great Zimbabwe        
LINK


PROPERTY worth thousands of dollars was destroyed in a veld fire that ravaged the Great Zimbabwe national monuments on Monday.
The inferno reduced three Great Zimbabwe family lodges and two public toilets located at the historical site to ashes.

veldt fires are common, often set to burn off the old, dead grass/hay/weeds at the end of the dry season so that new grass can come up and/or it's easier for farmers to plant new crops.
          Tobacco Is Smokin' Again In Zimbabwe        
Noisy trolleys roll bales of tobacco on and off the auction floors in Harare, Zimbabwe's capital. Here they call it "green gold." Some of the country's estimated 100,000 small-scale tobacco farmers look on, hoping for profitable sales.

Auctioneers, quoting prices at high speed, pace up and down rows of extra-large jute-covered bundles, with yellow tobacco leaves spilling out.

Closely behind the auctioneers follow the tobacco buyers. They indicate interest with a wink, a nod, two fingers up, eyes closed and all manner of gestures.

          Zimbabwe To Street Vendors: Pack Up, Clean Up, Ship Out!        
"Where can I go now?" asks Temptation Tekera.

He is one of an estimated 20,000 street vendors in Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe.

The vendors sell everything from sweet potatoes to new and used footwear to pirated CDs. Goods splay across the sidewalks, making it a minefield for pedestrians in a hurry.

Now the government wants the vendors to pack up their wares and register and pay rent for one of 6,000 places in designated zones. The deadline is June 26.

          How To Make A Living In Cash-Poor Zimbabwe        
On May Day, Zimbabwe's information minister, Jonathan Moyo, posted a bleak tweet, listing what he described as his country's triple challenge after the economic crash of 2007-2008: "We've workers without work, we've lost the sense of labour value and we lack a strategy to create wealth."

Zimbabweans lament that life is tough and everything is expensive in their U.S. dollar-based economy.

So how do people get by?

In Copacabana, an area of downtown Harare, the capital city, people are eking out a living, literally on the sidewalks.

          Why Isn't 14-Year-Old Fadzai In School? Zimbabwe's Education Dilemma        
Fourteen-year-old Fadzai Kundishora is at home chatting with her grandmother, aunt and their neighbor when her cousin Tinotenda, 15, strides in from school, hungry. He's in uniform; Fadzai isn't.

Unlike her cousin, Fadzai has been home all day with the older women from the household.

          Stuck In Camps, Afraid For Their Lives: Where Should They Go?        
The men were chasing him with machetes, clubs and "anything that can hurt."

They were shouting, "Go back to your countries and leave everything. What you possess here is not yours because you got it in South Africa."

Joe Tapera, 35, came to South Africa eight years ago from Zimbabwe. He works as an electrician. But last month, he had to make a mad dash into a nearby bush to escape an angry mob, abandoning his belongings at home.

Tapera now stays at Chatsworth camp, a shelter for displaced Africans on the outskirts of the eastern port city of Durban.

          COMMOTION!!! As Man is Found Stone Dead Inside a Gutter After a Night of Drinking (Photo)        
A man who was out the previous night, drinking and having a great time with friends, has been found dead inside a ditch. Obert Ndambakuwa, a Zimbabwean man has been found dead in a ditch in Bulawayo’s Pumula East suburb on Saturday morning. According to The Chronicle, Obert Ndambakuwa was allegedly drinking with his friends […]
          Comment on Zambia & Zimbabwe, Chapter 1: River Club by will        
great recap Jean and very useful - thanks so much
           A comparison of high and low density geochemical sampling in Zimbabwe: application to environmental studies         
Ridgway, J.; Jones, R.C.; Greally, K.B.. 1994 A comparison of high and low density geochemical sampling in Zimbabwe: application to environmental studies. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 107pp. (WC/94/055) (Unpublished)
          Report Writing        

 Daylight Robbery

    An East Timorese woman, aged 32, was robbed by two Militia men in their 20's CIVPOL monitors have been called in to assess the situation and conduct an interview.
    On the 27th June 1999 an East Timorese woman aged 32, was robbed in 3road daylight, midday. The Two robbers jumped out of the bushes on her way home for lunch, armed with a gun and machete. One was in front and one behind. They demanded her purse, watch and jewelry. First she refused to hand over anything, so the man in front pushed her then punched her in the stomach. She then gave her valuables, but the men didn't believe that she had given everything. The one behind her pinned her arms behind her while the other one punched her repeatedly in the stomac

h. She passed out and when she woke up, the men had gone. She was hurt quite badly so she had to spend a day in hospital. She was threatened by the men; they said that they would kill her if she informed the police. They were probably Militia as they asked her if she had voted in the independence election and became angry when she said yes. She had never seen the men before.
reasons for incident and description of assailants
    Both the men were in their early 20's and were about 5'6-5'8 inches tall wearing red bandannas. One dressed in camouflage fatigues and the other in faded denims and a white t-shirt, the taller one had a scar down the right cheek.
    The woman was probably robbed as the two men knew, or had heard, that she had voted in the independence election, and wanted to confirm it and hit back at her for doing so.
conclusion \Summary
CIVPOL will pass this information to the local police and said that she should contact them should the men return and threaten her again. CIVPOL  assured the woman that they would patrol her streets more closely.
 
Hijacking
    A plane has been hijacked on route from Kuala Lumpur International Airport to Rome, Italy on 20 July 2001
    Flight IA 504 is hijacked by five armed men twenty minutes into the flight. It is on its way to Rome, Italy from Kuala Lumpur International. The hijackers divert the plane to Bangkok and demand the release of their 6 friends in an East Timorese jail. They threaten to blow up the plane if their demands are not met. The bomb is apparently in the luggage compartment. After 3 hours, the plane lands in Singapore and the hijackers ask for food and water. The plane is then surrounded by Army Special Forces and food and water is given in exchange for female hostages. Negotiations take place between hijackers and local authorities, why say they need 5 hours to arrange the release of their 6 friends. After 5 hours, the authorities refuse to release 6 but agree to 3. 15 hours of negotiations go on and finally the men surrender to the authorities.
Reasons for incident/Description
    The hijackers have hijacked the plane to force the release of their friends in an East Timorese jail. There are five armed men on the plane armed with pistols and possibly a hand grenade. They say there is a bomb in the luggage compartment.
Conclusion/Summary
    After 15 hours of negotiations, there is no breakthrough and the hijackers surrender without any of their demands being met. All hostages are released unharmed.
Hit and Run
    On the main, highway running to Madrid,, northwest of the city of Barcelona, at 10:30PM, on Friday the 2nd February/there has been a hit and run case. Eyewitnesses say it was a 1996, opal grey, Austin Minor car with caravan. The car was heading towards Madrid when a cyclist on the same road was hit. It was raining and visibility was very bad. The cyclist for some reason moved onto the road from the cycling lane and was hit. His cycle was completely crushed, and has left leg and arm were broken, he received minor injuries to his head, even though he was wearing helmet. The victim was wearing cycling gear but did not have any protection from the rain. He was about 18 years old, slim and 5'10" tall. The cyclist was coming from Madrid. The victim was taken to Barcelona hospital and is said to be out of danger. The car was said to have some scratches from the cycle on the left-hand side as well. Due to the poor visibility, the witnesses at the scene of the crime could not read the number plate.
    A search is taking place for the car in Madrid, as it as heading in that direction. The eyewitness said that there were four people in the car and didn't know if there were more in the caravan. By the brief close look he got and poor visibility, the witness thinks they were all men.
Trapped in an Earthquake
    It was 1:00 AM on Friday the 16th December 1990. Almost all the residents of Cyber town were asleep. It was raining very lightly and it was very dark. All of a sudden at 1:02 AM there was a tremor of more than 6.7 on the Richter scale. It lasted for about 3 minutes. All the houses collapsed pulling down telephone and electrical poles. Fires started, as the main gas supply the houses was broken and gas was leaking everywhere. The people, who managed to wake up and run out of their houses, were running around trying to find a safe place. The ones who were injured or trapped were crying out for help. The whole place was in chaos. Police and army personnel (the ones that had survived the earthquake) were called in to help, and take charge of the situation.Out of the total 50 houses in the town at least 40 of the houses were completely destroyed. Those that were not destroyed were damaged very badly. Ambulances from the near by towns were called in to help with the situation, as they were not as badly effected, as they did not fall directly in the earthquake line.

    The army set up temporary tents in order to accommodate the injured and lost, and a mobile unit was put up for immediate relief. Nearby towns and cities sent out relief workers to help with the situation. Food and medicine vas quickly requested for. By 4:00 AM people were either looking for the missing people or burying the dead. There was a slight haze in the sky from all the dust that had been floating around from the crumbling buildings. t would take the people of Cyber town at least 3-6 months to bring things lack to normal for themselves.
Selling  Alcohol
    At dusk on Saturday 29 September 2001, Mr. Abdul Hamid a young man who is 28 years old, the owner of a small restaurant, in downtown Abu Dhabi. His shop was next to the tall building of the central Bank. Even 'though it was a Saturday, and a holiday, he decided to open his small shop, because his business had not been very good and he needed all the extra money to support his large family. He had only five or six customers during the whole day but he was looking forward to the evening when men would come to have drink. Although, being a Muslim country it was permitted to sell the locally brewed Stella beer, from which he could make quite a bit of profit.
    Then around 9:OOPM two men casually dressed came into his shop and asked him for some beer and things to eat. As soon as he had brought their order, they both stood up and caught him and held his hands behind his back. They said that they were from the Religious police, and that it was forbidden by the Sharia law to sell any sort of alcohol on a holiday. They said that ithere had been a new law passed saying that this was the new rule for all public holidays. The penalty for abusing this law was death, or 100 lashes. Abdul Hamid apologized to the policemen saying that he was not aware that this new law had been imposed, he begged the two policemen to forgive him as it was his first offence and begged them for mercy. Both the officers looked at each other and gave the situation a lot of thought, after some time they released him with a very stem warning.


ALLEGED WITCH HACKED TO DEATH
    A 46-years-old woman accused of being a witch was hacked to death in a remote village in the northeastern Indian state of Tripura, the Press Trust of India reported Thursday. The news agency said the woman was known as a I "spinster in the  village because she had remained unmarried. The woman.KuntiDebbarma, lived on her own and was always fairly quiet, reserved and  considered odd to the villagers. She was forcibly removed from her hut in Tuiching village in western Tripura at approximately 4:40pm witnesses said. She was dragged into the middle of the village by 7 of her neighbors who then proceeded to hack her to death using machetes and axes. She had been accused of allegedly practicing sorcery in her village and putting a spell on a newborn baby that had recently died. Police have launched an operation in the remote tribal area to catch Debbarma's neighbors who are now hissing. Witnesses stated that there were 3 women and 4 men in her death. However, villagers have stated that they were unaware of the whereabouts of the missing people. One man stated that the missing neighbors were reportedly in Jhasi, while another male stated he saw them in the next village over. A female informant stated that after the attacks, two men and one of the woman headed southeast on foot, while the other women and one man headed north by bus, she didn't know the whereabouts of the other man involved. Police have been receiving conflicting reports and will continue their search for the attackers. Every year, several women are killed in India at the hands of villagers after being accused of sorcery. Last year there were 213 reported murdered of "accused' witches in India alone.
RAINSTORMS KILL 3, HURT 50

    Early Monday morning at approximately 3:30am, tropical storms blew away over 6,469 mud and thatch houses and knocked down approximately  396 trees in northern Bangladesh, killing three people and leaving nearly 5,332 people homeless, police reported early Tuesday
Morning. The storms were unexpected for many of the villagers and almost all of the people involved had been asleep when the storms hit. one woman and her baby girl were crushed to death when their tin-roofed house collapsed during the storms. The woman and child were apparently alive after the storm ended, but villagers were unable to rescue them before their deaths. One man was killed by lightning while trying to savetwo young manwho were also trapped in the thatch house next to his. Fifty people were injured during the rainstorms in Netrokona, Sylhet and Moulvibazardistricts  according to police reports in Ittefaq and Janakantha. It is unknown how many injured people are being hospitalized at the moment. The storms not only leveled mud and thatch houses, but tin roof houses as well in the farming region 132 kilometers (80 miles) northeast of Dhaka, the national capital. Police officers are Trying to organize search parties to help remove bodies from the rubble in hopes of knowing an exact number of deaths. At this moment the death toil is three, but police fear that once the house rubble has been cleared, the death toll will dramatically increase.

Jail Break
    There were 350 I nmates in Alcatraz Jail, and 60 staff. It was classified as a maximum security jail and escape was considered to be next to impossible.It is situated on an island and is surrounded by water, which is infested with Sharks. The security staff are shuttled to and from the island by ferry twice a day, which a is the only way in and out.However on the night of 3 April 1992, there was a jail break. Twenty of the inmates managed to escape.What happened was, when the evening ferry came to shuttle the day stuff back to the mainland at 5:00 PM, a fire was started in the dining hall by some of the inmates, in the central building. Most staff on duty rushed to the scene and tries to put out the fire. In the meantime, while all the staff were busy with the fire, the twenty who escaped managed to overpower the guards at the main gate and boarded the ferry which was only manned by two guards. they took the ferry to an isolated spot and abandoned it there. Although the local police were informed, and a search was conducted, they managed to escape. A description of each has been given to the central police headquarters and also to all sub-offices.It has been a week since the incident, and there are no clues as the where they are now. Their friends who are still in the jail are not willing to talk or help authorities on this matter.
ARSON- -NARRA TIVE
    At 2100 hours on Friday 15th September 2000 an Albanian male called Mentor. Who lives in pristina, at Grid reference 136 247.heard a knock at the front door of his house. when he opened it. he saw three masked men standing there. One of hese men grabbed hold of him, held a hunting knife to his throat, and told Mentor. inAbanian no to move or he would be killed. The other two men then entered his house and started to destroy the living -room furniture with a large hammer. which they had with them. The taller of the two men was dressed in green combat clothing and a red ski mask, and the shorter man was wearing blue trousers, a white jacked and a blue ski mask, all three were speaking Serbian to each other. when the two men had finished breaking the living-room furniture, they went upstairs and continued to destroy the furniture there. Later the shorter man in the white jacket came down the stairs and ran outside, returning shortly afterwards  carrying a red plastic container. He poured petrol from the container over the broken living-room furniture and the tall man then set the furniture alight. The  three man started to laugh and the one holding Mentor told him. in Albanian, that it was time the Albanians knew what it was like to have their homes destroyed.  mentor tried to break free, but was pushed to the ground and kicked in the stomach a number of times. The house was starting to fill with smoke, the tall man told him not to report the incident or they would cut his throat. The three men then ran from the house laughing. Mentor was able to crawl from the house into the street, where he saw, abut one hundred meters down the street. The three men standing under a streetlight talking to another male person, who was giving them money.Thethree  men then got into a white Alfa Romeo driving off in the direction of the hospital and the other person walked away towards the town center. The Fire services arrived about five minutes later, by which time the house was well on fire, with flames leaping through the roof. The only items of property, which were saved from the house, were a clock and a satellite dish. Two UNMIK police patrols attended the scene and assisted in keeping people away from the fire. A Danish police officer took  Mentor to the hospital in Pristina, for treatment to his left hand, which he had burnt saving the clock from die house. Mentor was requested to attend police station number one, Pristina, at 1200 hours the following day, to be interviewed.
SUICIDE  - NARRATIVE

    At 1230 hours on Tuesday 3 October 2000, an Albanian male called Besnik went to the UNMIK Police Station Number 4, in Pristina. He stated that his uncle's neighbour had telephoned him and said that he had heard a gunshot from the uncle's house.
An INMIK Police unit was sent to the address, at Grid reference 129326. arriving at the scene at 1240 hours, where they found an elderly male person lying on the kitchen floor. The emergency medical services were called to the scene and Doctor Agim KRASNIQI pronounced the male dead at 1315 hours, the man had died from one gunshot wound to his head. The dead man was an Albanian about 45 years old, wearing a pair of blue jeans and a gray jersey. Next to the body were an Astra automatic pistol, and one empty 7.65 bullet case. A neighbor informed the Police Officers that he had heard a gunshot from next door. at 1200 hours that day and then telephoned Besnik. Both he and the nephew identified the body as Raji HARB. The neighbour also stated that he had been living next door to Raji for 20 years, and that Raji had been suffering from tuberculosis. This disease had caused him a lot of pain over the last year and he had attempted to commit suicide twice before. Also found at the scene, near the body, were a suicide note written on a newspaper and a wedding ring.
    The last person to see Raji alive was his nephew. It was at 0730 hours .morning when he saw his uncle cleaning his car. The body was taken to (mortuary in Pristina hospital. Besnik was requested to attend the Police lion at 1300 hours the following day for interview.

ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT- NARRATIVE

    At 1125 hours on Tuesday 2 May 2000 a Traffic Accident occurred at the main roundabout in south Pristina, grid reference 129217, the vehicles .involved were a British Army Landrover and a black Nissan jeep. The circumstances to the accident were as follows: the Landover drove onto the roundabout from the Northern entrance and the black Nissan jeep, which was already driving around the roundabout, failed to give way to the Landrover, so a collision occurred between the two vehicles. After the collision the Nissan jeep drove away from the scene, towards Pristina Hospital. A witness it the scene was able to give a description of the driver of the jeep as a young dark haired female, approximately 20 years of age, wearing a white blouse, who was alone in the car. The witness also recorded the car's registration number 044 KS 141, on an envelope she was carrying. A joint UNMIK and KPS police patrol arrived at the scene fifteen minutes later, the UNMIK police officer was from Zimbabwe. It was raining at the time of the accident, visibility was poor and the traffic on the roundabout was heavy. the police took measurements of the road and retained broken headlight ass and traces of black paint, found at the scene of the accident. The military driver and his front seat passenger were not wearing their seat belts the time of the accident and both received bruising to the head chest. they were taken to the British Military Hospital to receive medical treatment. The damage to the military vehicle was a badly dented front left side wing; the vehicle was towed to the British Barracks in Pristina. The fitness identified herself as an UN civilian employee, working as a finance officer, in room 12, United Nations Headquarters, Pristina.
 


ROBBERY - NARRATIVE
    At 2010 hours on Monday 18 October 1999, in Pristina, a Serbian female stopped an UNMIK Police Patrol. She was very upset, reporting that her house had been robbed. The patrol took her back home, which was at grid reference 125 227.
At the address the police officers spoke to the woman's husband, a Serbian, who owns a Jewelry shop. which is located in the same building. He stated that at 1930 hours he and his wife were eating in their kitchen when there was a knock at the shop door. When he opened the door he was faced by three men. He described these persons as all being about 25 years old. dressed in green military type jacket and trousers, with their faces covered by dark masks. The leader of the group held an AK 47 in his right hand, the other two were armed with a revolver and a large knife. He also noticed a white Volkswagen car with a female in the driver's seat, parked in front of the shop. the car's engine was running. The leader of the group shouted at the owner in Albanian, forced him back into the kitchen and demanded money from the shop safe. When the victim refused, the man with the revolver hit him across the face knocking him down to the ground. It was then that the power went off and the house was thrown into darkness. The victim started to struggle with the suspects and he managed to take the revolver from one of the men. The suspects then ran from the house through the' rear door. The victim chased them out of the building and saw the two with the rifle and the knife getting into the white Volkswagen, which then drove off towards the city centre. The third suspect disappeared into the woods at the back of the house. Later the police searched the woods and the jacket of the third suspect was found. In the jacket was a driving license and a photograph of a young girl. The revolver, jacket and the other items were seized by the police for further examination. As a result of his struggle with the three suspects the victim received a swollen right eye and a cut to the head, which were later treated at Pristina hospital. It was also revealed that the suspects had taken two gold rings and three silver bracelets, with a total value of 1300 German Marks. The police advised the victim that they would make a report and investigate the incident.                                                   
 

ARMED ROBBERY-NARRATIVE

    Monday 1 of May 2000 about 0140 hours an Albanian male went to the Local UNMIK Police Station and reported that an Armed Robbery had taken ice at the Mini Market near the Stadium. When the Police Patrol arrived at the Mini Market, they found the Security Guard in an office, his hands were handcuffed behind his back and his mouth had been covered with tape. hen they released the guard, he gave them the following information. He stated that he had been employed as a Security Guard at the Mini Market since November 1999 and he was responsible for the security of the building when it closed. On Sunday 30 April he started work at 2100 hours, he checked the building and found the doors and windows secure. After he had finished checking the building he went to his office to complete some paperwork. He was listening to the radio, when at 0015 hours he heard a noise in the Mini Market. Before he could react, the office door opened and four males rushed in. They were all about 20 years old and all wearing a red baseball hat. The one with the hat an automatic pistol of some kind, which he held in his right hand and one of the others, had a baseball bat, which he held in his left hand. The man with the gun pointed it at the guard and shouted at  him. in Serbian, to sit still or he would be killed. Two of the males then gagged and bound him, the one with the baseball bat stayed with him. The hers went out of the office and he heard them taking things out through the side door. About half an hour later the man with the gun re-entered the office warning him again to be quiet, then all four left the Mini Market through theside door. He believed the persons were Serbian as they talked to each otherand him only in Serbian. He waited for sometime before trying to raise the alarm he was eventually heard by the guard of the store next door, who reported the incident to the UNMIK police. This person also stated that at 0045 hours that night he saw a dark colored Mercedes leaving the Mini market car park, towards the Airport. The Police and the guard carried out a check of the building; they found a rear window had been forced open. The Victim stated that 28 cases of Whiskey and 53 boxes of cigarettes had been taken, however all the money was still in safe.
 

ARMED ROBBERY-NARRATIVE (Bank Robbery)

    At 0848 hours on Wednesday the 23rd of September 2000, UNMIK Police Officers from Pristina police station number 1 and units from KFOR responded to a coded alarm for a Bank Robbery in progress at the First Union Bank. Pristina.On arrival at the Bank UNMIK.Police found a Bank employee and two cash securtity guard inside the building, 'hey interviewed the employee, who stated that he was the Head Cashier of the First Union Bank and that he had started work early, about 0630 hours, because there was to be a delivery of a large sum of money. At 0645 hours he saw the Armoured Cash Truck, stop outside the bank and the security guards form the truck were opening the rear doors. A large black BMW stopped immediately behind the armoured truck and two armed men limped from the BMW and pointed their weapons at the guards. On seeing this the cashier attempted to call the police by telephone, but the lines were busy. He was armed with a Glock 17 automatic pistol, so he went to assist the guards. On leaving the bank he was confronted by a third man who had a revolver. The cashier was shouted at. in Albanian. to put his pistol down or he would be killed, so he dropped his pistol. Then he and the two guards were taken into the bank. Where the cashier was forced to open one of the offices. The armed men then tied the three together with rope and covered their mouths with yellow sticky tape, warning them not to try and escape. The armed men then  left the office locking it behind them. At 0845 hours the bank staff came into work and found the cashier and guards locked in an office, so the manager activated the alarm. The cashier was able to describe the suspects as three young men. One was muscular. approximately 1.90 meters tall, the second man was well built about 1.75 meter tall and the third was quite thin about 1.60 meters tall. They all wore green military coveralls and  had covered their faces with black ski masks. The two tall suspects were carrying shotguns and the third suspect was carrying a black revolver. A total of four million five hundred thousand German Marks, in various denominations, was taken from the Cash truck. This large sum of cash was being delivered to pay United Nations Personnel.
 


"EXTORTION"
    On Friday 9 May 2003, at 20.00 hours, an incident was reported to Police Station #5o of a person being severely beaten. The caller witness stated that a beating incident had just occurred at the food store "Best Price", which was located at Main Street -25, grid reference 193-168. Immediately, a police patrol was dispatched to the scene of the incident. On arrival at the scene of the incident at 20.15 hours the officers observed, that the 42-year-old male food storeowner, had been very badly beaten on his face. Due to the very serous condition of the storeowners injuries the officers decided to immediately transport the victim by ambulate to the local hospital for treatment.the 37-year-old female witness to the incident said she and the storeowner lad been friends for the last 3 years. At 19.50 hours, while she was six meters away from the incident hiding behind a bread display, she observed the owner of the store and the offender, a male that was about thirty years of age, 175 cm tall, very heavy build, with long black hair and beard, brown leather coat, white shirt and black pants arguing loudly.
    The witness advised that she over heard the offender say to the storeowner that he was late in paying the 900 euros which were due to be paid at the beginning of each month, and that if the money was not paid he would destroy the store by fire.
the witness advised that the storeowner said to the offender that he refused" to pay any more extortion money to him. The witness then stated that she observed the offender remove a small black club from his coat pocket with his right hand and strike the store owner five times in the face with the club while holding him by the neck with his left hand, and then put the club back in his coat pocket.

    Further interview of the witness revealed that she was employed as a teacher the local school, and resided at Airport Street-49, grid reference 836-742, the witness stated that she had never seen the offender in the store before incident happened. The witness further stated to the officers that the
 


JOURNALIST

On 14 May 2003 at 09.30 hrs a fair haired 180 cm tall, about 35 years old male, with glasses, dressed in blue jeans, brown shoes and black shirt walked into to the police station #3. A young female police officer met him at the duty room and asked him about the reason of his visit. The visitor said. that he was a journalist and needed to speak to the station commander of this police station. The duty officer noticed, that the man looked very upset. She enquired about the reason and the man said, that his photo camera was missing since yesterday evening. He also added, that he was not upset because of the loss of the camera, but mostly because of the loss of the film in this photo camera. The station commander of the police station was not available. He was attending a meeting in the Main Headquarters and the visitor had to wait for 30 minutes, sitting in the waiting room. While he was waiting for the Station Commander, the duty officer gave him a cup of tea. hen the journalist said, that he would not wait longer and left his telephone number as 507-631 asking to call him as soon as the Station Commander would return from the meeting. Then he the Police Station left at 10.00 hrs.
the Station Commander returned from the meeting at 10.15 hrs. The duty officer advised the Station Commander about the journalist. The Station Commander called for the investigation officer and ordered him to call the journalist and to look into the matter.
The investigation officer rang the journalist and they agreed to meet at the reception area of the hotel named "21st Century" at 11.00 hrs. As they met, they walked outside the hotel and sat on the bench in the park. The journalist said, that he was working for a magazine called "Towns and People". He arrived in the town of llth May 2003 to take pictures about customs and tradition of the population, living in this town. The job was over and he took 2 pictures. On 13 May at 19.30 hrs he took a taxi from the old bridge over the river to the city center. He thought, that he had forgotten the bag with the photo camera and films in the taxi. The investigation officer asked him to describe the taxi and the taxi driver. The taxi was a yellow 4-door sedan car.
 

fight in bar (sample report)

    According to the eyewitness, who was present at the scene, it was the evening and approximately 40 people were having drinks in the bar with their friends. A part form this. there were 10-15 army personnel also having a drink there. They had completed their duty and were about to return home. There was a discussion between the barman and the army men concerning the number of drinks that had been consumed. The barman had added extra drinks on their bill bringing to the total for their bill to S200. However, the army men had actually only drunk $100 worth of drinks. The army man who went to the bar to pay the bill a disagreed withthe barman's total, which was more than double, and was accused by the barman oftrying to pay less. There was a heated exchange between the two, ending in the barman punching the army man in the face and telling the army men to get out of the bar. When the fight started the witness was at the bar, having a beer, and was.at happened. After being punched, the army man called his friends and they started smashing all the tables and chairs and fighting with the locals who were supporting the barman. During the fighting, the witness was hit on the head with a beer bottle that had been thrown by somebody. After that.he hid under the table.

    According to the eyewitness account, the trouble started because the barman tried to overcharge the army men for drinks, which they had not consumed. The two sdes became very heated and it then erupted into fights between the army and local people.

    The CIVPOL monitor assured the witness that he/she would report the incident to the local police and thanked the witness for co-operation.

 

“UNMIL RADIO”

People around the world like to listen to the radio. People listen to the radio at home, at work, in the car and in the streets. People listen to the news, weather forecast and like to listen to the music. Liberians are no exception to this common tradition. The Civil war in Liberia was over in 2003. People’s lives and hopes turned to good. More Liberians began walking with a radio in their hands listening to the news and music. There are three main radio stations in Monrovia operating on FM frequency: Music radio on frequency 90, 2. Official radio of the United Nations Mission in Liberia on frequency 91, 5; and World news radio station on frequency 103. The transmission of these radio stations is also well heard in neighboring countries like Sierra Leone, Guinea and Ivory Coast.

A young Liberian man called John was listening to the UNMIL radio. He heard that the nationwide campaign on Disarmament was launched on 3-d of December 2003. He also heard that the campaign was coordinated by the UNMIL radio with intention to inform combatants and communities in Liberia about this program.

           John is a 28 year old Liberian citizen; he has been married for 10 years and has three kids: two sons and a daughter. The daughter is 9 years old, the oldest son is 7 and the youngest is 5.  John and his family still currently live at his father’s house in Monrovia. John finished high school in May 1993 and received his certificate upon completion. During the war he was unemployed and now he is still looking for a job. Like many Liberians he usually played football on weekends and was listening to the radio. His favorite radio station is the Music radio.
On 21st of December 2004, John went to the center of Monrovia to look for a job as a security officer at the shop. He walked into a supermarket which was trading electronic goods. While he was waiting for a manager of the supermarket to ask him if he would hire him, John heard an announcement on the UNMIL radio about recruitment of police officers for the Liberian National Police Service. John left the supermarket without even having a response from the manager. John decided to become a police officer. Walking home John saw a poster on the wall of the Police station located in the center of Monrovia and read that applicants, who successfully meet basic criteria in fitness, writing, psychological and medical tests would be invited for interview at the Police HQ.   

           When John came home he spoke with his father about his intention to become a police officer. His father said that he would be proud if John was a police officer. John successfully passed all necessary tests and on Monday, 17th of January 2005 he was invited to come to the police Headquarters for interview.    

The following conversation is the dialogue between a police officer and John.
 
 â€œPolice medal”

    On 14 January 2005, a journalist from the Police magazine called “To Serve and protect” went to see the magazine Director and proposed writing an article about the history of police medals awarded to citizens for their assistance to the Police. The presumed name of the article was “Police Medal”.

    On 16 January 2005, the journalist went to the Police museum located at Main street number74 to conduct research for the article. While in the museum, he was pleased to see pictures, letters of appreciation, and medals given to young citizens, for their assistance to the Police during investigation of crimes.

    In the records section of the museum, the journalist read that on May 7, 1947 the Chief of Police reported the kidnapping of an 8 year old girl, when she was walking home from school. He said that this crime might have gone unresolved if there had been no cooperation between the citizens and the police. Two youths, 11 and 15 years old, witnessed the girl being abducted and took down the registration plate number, PK 5386, of the vehicle used to commit the crime. This led to the immediate arrest of the criminals. The girl was freed and returned to her parents.

    The common practice of the 20th century was to send letters of thanks to the citizens, but the Police Commission decided thate wanted something special to recognize young people who helped the Police department. It was decided that a "Board of Police Commission Medal" should be formed to plan for the presentation in such cases. Medal designers were instructed to enquire as to the design and costs.

The following resolution was presented and passed unanimously. The medal was to be made of bronze with the words "Police Commission Award" on the front side of the medal and the reverse side was to specify the name of the recipient as well as the date of the service rendered and the words "For praiseworthy service in law enforcement". The estimated cost of production of this medal was 250 dollars.

The medal presentation was always made in the office of the Mayor, who also served as  Chairman of the Police Commission. The first ceremony took place on 26th of November, 1947. The medals were awarded to two boys 11 and 15 years old, who reported the abduction of a girl along with vital clues that led to the immediate arrest of the suspects.

    The next award was presented in 1948 on April 15th to a 17 year old male, who had witnessed an armed robbery attempt at a jewelry shop.  The young male began following the gunman. He saw two Police officers and informed them of the circumstances and they were able to arrest the gunman without incident.

    Before publishing the article, the director of the Police magazine asked the journalist to come to his office to brief him about the article. The following conversation is the dialogue between the director of the Police magazine and the journalist.

''WAR CRIMINAL”

On Friday, 28 January 2005 at 07.00 hrs a mobile police patrol started their day shift. Two police officers drove police vehicle Jeep # 864. The first route was from Police Head Quarters towards the fish market.

    At 07.45 hrs the officers saw a crowd of about 20 people on the Main Street of Monrovia, Grid coordinates LG 305-681. The people at the scene were shouting. The Police officers observed that there were two men fighting. Some of the people from the crowd were hitting one of them  whom they believed was guilty. He was bleeding from the head. Police officers decided to stop the car. It was very obvious, that if the police patrol would not stop, the perceived offender’s life would have been in danger.  It was well known from police sources that 95 mob justice cases had been registered during the past 6 months. Many of these cases had fatal results. The fighters and the crowd were acting aggressively and were very excited. Any step made by the police towards the crowd was very dangerous. 

The team leader of the police patrol, using the loud-speaker system warned the mob to stop fighting. It had diverted the attention of the crowd for a moment. There was no time for hesitation. Police officers rushed into the crowd and took the fighters into a police car. Then they drove to the nearest Police station, located at the airport grid reference LG 307-692. On their way, the team leader of the police patrol gave first aid to the victim and bandaged his head. The driver of the patrol car sent a radio message to the Airport Police Station, reporting the fighting case, adding, that they would be arriving at the Police Station in 10 minutes.

When the police patrol arrived to the Police Station the fighters were taken by the duty officer to the interrogation room. The team leader of the patrol car was asked by the commander of the Airport police to proceed to the police station in order to give details as to what had happened.  During interrogation the two men involved in the case were asked why they were fighting. The man with the injured head said, that he was 35 years old, lived on Green Street number 81. He was the employee of the telephone company called “Lone star”. He also stated that he had never seen the offender before. He then said that he left the house at 07.30hrs for work, but was attacked by the offender. He stated that the offender accused him of being a war criminal and then hit him on the head with an iron pipe. Immediately people from neighboring houses rushed to the scene. Then the police arrived to the scene. The Airport police commander asked the patrol team leader to send the driver of the patrol team to the location of the incident and to find the iron pipe for evidence. The driver of the patrol team returned to the scene and found the iron pipe with blood stains, lying on the grass. The Police patrol continued the shift and drove to the forensic laboratory to deliver this exhibit for forensic examination.
 After the shift was over at 19.00 hrs., the team leader of the patrol team and the driver came to their office to write a report about the results of the shift. 

The following conversation is the dialogue between the Team leader of the Police patrol team and the driver of the Police car preparing to write a report.
“SHOOTING INCIDENT”.

    On Monday, 14th of March 2005 two police officers were conducting a mobile patrol between the stadium and the water tower. They drove Police vehicle jeep # 472, red and white in color.  At 12:45 hrs, the Police heard gun shots at grid coordinates LG 315-692. The driver of the police car drove in the direction of the gun fire. On the radiothe team leader requested for a back up. At 13.10 hrs the Police patrol arrived at house # 59 on Stadium Street. The Police saw the barrel of a rifle sticking out from the window of this house, directed towards the street. The officers were not able to see who was holding the rifle because of the window curtain. The back up police unit arrived at 13.20 hrs and surrounded the house. The team leader of the patrol unit loudly gave the verbal command to whoever was in the house to throw the rifle out of the window and walk slowly out of the house with his hands up in the air. No sound or movement came from the house and the rifle remained in the same position.  The team-leader warned the gunman, that if he did not follow the previously given verbal command, the police would open fire. Again, there was no response from inside of the house.

    At 13.30 hours the back-up unit began an assault on the house. As they entered the house, they observed that nobody was there. The rifle was resting on the window with the barrel pointing towards the street and the butt of the rifle was held on the back-rest of a chair. The police made a quick search of the house and discovered that nobody was there.  They found only the rifle, two empty bullet cases on the floor near the window and blood stains on the chair.

    The police did not take anything from the scene, as the forensic group had not arrived.
The team leader and the driver of the patrol car knocked on the door of the neighboring house. After approximately 10 minutes a 60 year old woman opened the door. She was wearing a green dress and a black scarf on her head. She said that she did not want to open the door because she was afraid of the gunfire near the area of her house. She stated that when the shooting started, she counted a total of 7 gunshots. The woman also saw three masked men of a muscular build shooting in the direction of her neighbor’s house. When the gunfire ended, she stated that she saw that masked men took her neighbor from the house and placed him into a gray colored minibus. The witness was sure that they drove towards the airport. She also noticed that her neighbor was wounded and that his right shoulder was bleeding.
The patrol team remained at the scene to secure the evidence while waiting for the arrival of the forensic group.

    The forensic group arrived at the scene at 14.00 hrs. They made a search of the area and found more 5 empty bullet cases near the fence of the house. The forensic team took the rifle, all empty bullet cases and samples of the blood stains removed from the chair into custody for further examinations.
Later in the shift, the patrol unit heard on the radio, that the suspected minibus was stopped at a check point near the Airport. The suspects were arrested and charged for unlawful possession of weapons and kidnapping. The kidnapped man was taken by the airport police to the hospital.

    The following conversation is the dialogue between the chief of police and the team leader of the Police patrol.


“STRANGE VISITOR”.

    Newly appointed Regional Police Chief was expected to report for duty on Monday 28 of March 2005 at 08.00 hrs. Before showing up for duty officially he conceived a plan to check how duty officers in different Police stations perform their duties in an unusual situation.

    On rainy Friday evening at 18.30 hrs on March 25, 2005 he put on civilian clothes and went to the Police station # 5 at grid reference MG 497 – 551. He introduced himself as the director of the “Atlantic pictures” photo studio. The visitor was dressed in brown shoes, gray pants, white shirt and black cloak. At a sight he was about 40 years old, slim built, 175 cm. tall.
He asked the duty officer that he wished to receive a complaint form for the purpose of reporting a citizen’s complaint against a Police officer.

    The male duty officer replied that he could not file a complaint, but he could call and ask investigation officer of the Police station to come and speak regarding the incident. The visitor said that he did not wish to speak with the investigation officer, but would like to receive a complaint form, with which he could document his complaint in writing and forward it to the appropriate agencies. Then he removed a digital voice recorder from his right pocket and asked the duty officer if he could document via audio recorder his refusal to allow him to receive a complaint form.

    This made the duty officer very angry and he told the visitor to leave or he would be arrested. The visitor promptly left the Police Department without revealing the nature of the complaint. He entered his car a white sedan license # MK 5337 and drove towards the regional police headquarters. As the visitor left, the duty officer called the investigation officer at the regional Police HQ on telephone and reported about this strange visitor. At approx. 19.45 hrs of the same evening the complainant stopped his car at the regional Police headquarters, located at Flower Street # 62. He approached the main desk in the duty room and informed the female duty officer that he would like to receive a complaint form for the purpose of reporting a citizen’s complaint against a police officer.

    The duty officer said that this form was not available to visitors, as the Police department policy was that he must first speak to the investigation officer and describe the incident. The Officer would then decide if the complaint was worthy of a report. She called the investigation officer on telephone and after 5 minutes the visitor was invited to his office.
In the investigation room the visitor displayed his documents and revealed that he was the new regional Police Chief.

    The following conversation is the dialogue between the regional Police Chief and the investigation officer.
Handkerchief


“WITNESS”

On Tuesday 1st of June 2005 at 10.00 hours, an incident of mob justice was reported on telephone to the Liberian Central Police Station.  The caller used the emergency 911 telephone number to call, and stated that the incident was still happening on the side of the road next to the supermarket “Green land” situated on UN road number 73. The caller further stated that approximately 50 people were beating a young man with sticks and throwing rocks at him. Immediately, a police patrol unit was dispatched to the scene.

On arrival at the scene at 10.15 hours, the Police patrol officers observed a large crowd of people. Upon arrival of the police, the crowd quickly dispersed. The police saw a man who was still sitting on the ground. This man was holding his hands over head trying to protect the head from receiving new injures. His head and shoulders were bleeding. His pants and shirt were dirty and torn into pieces, so the color of the clothes was barely recognizable. He was about 18 years of age, slim build, approximately 175 centimeters tall with shaved head. The officers immediately notified an ambulance to respond to the location to transport him to the hospital. 

A male approached the Police patrol unit and said that it was him, who called the police about the mob justice case. He said that his name was David; he was 35 years old and resides at Mango Street number 12. He said that the man sitting on the ground was a thief who had stolen a Nokia mobile phone from the mobile telephone shop in which he, the witness, has been working as a technician for the last two years. The witness then pointed to three men all about 25 years old standing at the side of the road. Two men were unarmed and one was armed with a wooden stick. The witness said that he saw that the victim was hit with a wooden stick a number of times by the third suspect.

He stated that these men were the first who caught the thief and beat him with hands and  wooden stick. Immediately people from the street rushed to the scene to punish the thief. Upon seeing the police officers look in their direction, two of the suspects fled in the direction of the shore of the Atlantic Ocean which was not far away. The third suspect dropped the wooden stick and tried to escape in the crowd. He was a black male, approximately 180 centimeters tall, dressed in blue jeans, green shirt and red cap. The bright colors of his clothes and cap made him visible to the police. The Police patrol officers gave a chase and caught the suspect. They also recovered the wooden stick with fresh blood stains.  The other two suspects escaped by running into a motor boat and sped in the Ocean.  The Police patrol officers handcuffed the captured suspect and charged him for assault and causing serious injuries to the victim.
At 10.30hrs, an ambulance arrived and attended to the victim. The doctor said that the he had suffered massive trauma to his head and shoulders caused by rocks and wooden stick.  The injured male was taken to the Central hospital for medical treatment.  The Police patrol unit reported to the Police headquarters with the captured suspect. The witness was requested to come to the police station for interview the same day at 14.30 hrs.
   

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          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          FIFA chief Infantino meets Zimbabwe’s Mugabe        

Harare (AFP) – FIFA president Gianni Infantino met Zimbabwean leader Robert Mugabe on Friday a day after he attended a birthday party for the country’s football chief, an official said. Zimbabwe Football Association spokesman Xolisani Gwesela confirmed to AFP that Infantino had paid a courtesy call on Mugabe at State House, but gave no details. The 46-year-old Swiss-Italian jetted into Harare from Johannesburg on Thursday to attend the birthday party of Zimbabwe football chief Philip Chiyangwa. “It’s really a pleasure to be here, I feel at home, away from home,” Infantino, who was the guest of honour at the birthday,

The post FIFA chief Infantino meets Zimbabwe’s Mugabe appeared first on World Soccer Talk.


          FIFA head Infantino to to meet African football bosses        

Johannesburg (AFP) – FIFA president Gianni Infantino will be in South Africa and Zimbabwe this week to meet African football bosses and attend a birthday party.  He has invited all 54 African national football association presidents to Johannesburg for two days of meetings, starting Tuesday.       The 46-year-old Swiss-Italian leaves for Harare Thursday to attend the birthday party of Zimbabwe football chief Philip Chiyangwa.  Organisers of the two-day summit said Infantino will explain changes to the global game, including expanding the World Cup to 48 teams from 2026.  African officials have long argued for more than the five World Cup

The post FIFA head Infantino to to meet African football bosses appeared first on World Soccer Talk.


          No Message-in-a-Bottle Necessary        
Thank you for all of the letters and packages! Erica and I have decided to share a post office box with other volunteers in Xai-xai, so if you want to send me letters to this address, I might get them a little more quickly:
Alycia Overbo
C/o Corpo da Paz
C.P. 85
Xai-xai, Moçambique
Please continue sending packages to the Maputo address (Avenida do Zimbabwe, No. 345). I have greater faith that packages will arrive there unopened, and also, the Peace Corps pays the fees to receive them, which works out well for me. Erica and I are well-stocked with coffee and granola bars and are happy as clams at high tide. If you’re looking for new care package ideas, different teas are nice, and reading materials like books and magazines are always appreciated, as are movies and music. And I think I previously forgot to mention my deep love for peanut butter M&M’s. But really, anything from home is a treat. Anything that crosses the United States, the Atlantic Ocean, and most of Africa that has my name on it makes me feel pretty special.

          P.S. Merry Christmas!        
I keep on forgetting that Christmas is coming in 4 days.  It might have something to do with the 90 degree heat and lack of snow.  And since I have no electricity, when I want to listen to Christmas music, my best options are to sing or whistle it.  I think I will spend Christmas on Xai-xai beach, which, although is as antithetical to my typical midwestern Christmas as possible, will certainly be festive and memorable. 
I´ve had requests for my new mailing address and care package ideas.  The best mailing address will still be the Maputo address; mail sent there will eventually reach me, and as inefficient as that may sound, I believe it is the best option. 
Alycia Overbo
c/o Corpo da Paz
Av. do Zimbabwe No. 345
Maputo, Mozambique
As for care package ideas, I would be thrilled to receive anything, but I´d be especially happy to receive wasabi soy almonds (found at your local Kmart or Target), black licorice, instant pudding mix, stickers for students, ground coffee, granola bars, books, magazines, or maybe a new t-shirt or tanktop, as excessive sweating and handwashing are together killing my clothing.
Lots of love to you all, and best wishes for your holiday season!

          A Safari Hunter Meets Social Mood: Conference Preview        

Alastair Macdonald has a pretty cool resume: Successful business owner, stockbroker on Wall Street, and a real estate investor. Yet he was born & raised in Zimbabwe, so before his career in finance he was a professional hunter and safari guide -- including leading a National Geographic film crew on a safari on the Zambezi River. Alastair has had amazing success using socionomics to anticipate major trend changes: This episode is a preview of what he'll have to say as a speaker at our Social Mood conference this coming April 9th in Atlanta.


          What Happened When A Safari Hunter Met Social Mood        

Alastair MacDonald has a pretty cool resume: Successful business owner, stockbroker on Wall Street, and a real estate investor. Yet he was born & raised in Zimbabwe, so before his career in finance he was a professional hunter and safari guide. Alastair has had amazing success using socionomics to anticipate major trend changes. Hear his story now.


          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          Fenomena Alami Keseimbangan Batu Terbaik di Dunia        
Fenomena Alami Balancing Rocks

Balancing Rock (Keseimbangan Batu) adalah salah satu keajaiban tertua di planet ini. Batu berdiri antara stabilitas & gravitasi. Batu tersebut seperti beristirahat di bebatuan lain untuk mencapai keseimbangan. Pada kenyataannya, kedudukan batuan tersebut terlihat seperti tidak mungkin mencapai keseimbangan. Mungkin, waktu, iklim & erosi dapat memberikan jawaban.

Sebuah balancing rock, juga disebut batu seimbang atau batu genting, adalah formasi geologi alami menampilkan sebuah batu, kadang-kadang ukuran besar, bertumpu pada batu lainnya, dari batuan dasar sampai glasial. Beberapa formasi yang dikenal dengan nama ini tampak pada keseimbangannya, tetapi sebenarnya batuan tersebut terhubung ke batuan dasar sebagai alasnya. Tidak ada definisi ilmiah terhadap fenomena ini.

Berikut ini Keseimbangan Batu Alami Terbaik di Dunia.

Devils Marbles (Australia)


Fenomena Alami Keseimbangan Batu

Daerah ini terletak dekat Wauchope, sekitar 114 km sebelah selatan dari Tennant Creek, di Northern Territory. Situs ini dikenal sebagai Karlu Karlu oleh penduduk tanah Aborigin yang tradisional. ‘Devils Marbles' atau 'Karlu Karlu' dengan ukurannya yang besar, batu-batu granit bulat, beberapa sangat spektakuler, adalah pemandangan yang luar biasa. Kelompok batuan ini tersebar, termasuk banyak batu keseimbangan terdapat di lembah.

Balancing Rock near Digby (Canada)

Batu ini merupakan bagian dari Gunung kolumnar batu basalt sebelah utara yang membentuk tebing di sepanjang St. Mary Bay dan Teluk Fundy.


Fenomena Alami Keseimbangan Batu Terbaik di Dunia

Gunung Utara terbuat dari Triassic basalt yang merupakan batu keras, batu vulkanik yang berat, kadang-kadang ditemukan dalam bentuk kolom. Kolom ini akhirnya terkikis dan jatuh ke laut. Untuk beberapa alas an, batu yang satu ini telah berdiri tegak selama lebih dari 200 tahun.

Idol Rock at Brimham Rocks (England)


Fenomena Alami Keseimbangan Batu Terbaik

The Rocks Brimham adalah formasi batu keseimbangan yang terletak di Brimham Moor di North Yorkshire, Inggris. Batu-batu berdiri pada ketinggian hampir 30 meter di daerah yang dimiliki oleh National Trust yang merupakan bagian dari Daerah Nidderdale dan merupakan keindahan keseimbangan batu yang luar biasa.

Ada banyak variasi formasi batuan, yang sebagian besar telah mencapai bentuk yang menakjubkan. Banyak formasi telah diberi nama, meskipun beberapa imajinasi diperlukan dengan sudut pandang yang benar. Contohnya adalah The Sphinx, The Watchdog, The Camel, Turtle dan The Dancing Bear.

Kjeragbolten Balancing Rock(Norway)


Keseimbangan Batu Alami Terbaik

Kjeragbolten adalah batu besar yang berukuran sekitar 5 meter kubik, terjepit ke dalam jurang di tepi gunung Kjerag di Lysefjorden, Norwegia. Blok batu ini tertahan di ketinggian sekitar 984 meter di atas jurang yang dalam. Meskipun penampilannya yang sangat mengesankan, namun dapat mudah diakses dengan berjalan kaki tanpa peralatan khusus.

Chiremba Balancing Rocks (Zimbabwe)


Chiremba Balancing Rocks, Keseimbangan Batu Alami

Batu Keseimbangan Chiremba terletak 13 km sebelah tenggara dari Harare di Epworth. Meskipun batu keseimbangan aneh banyak ditemukan di Zimbabwe, yang satu ini menjadi terkenal. Satu pengelompokan batuan yang mengesankan, bebatuan tua ini terbuat dari granit kuno dan berumur jutaan tahun sampai ke posisi sekarang terlihat secara lahiriah.

Peyro Clabado, Sidobre (France)


Peyro Clabado, Keseimbangan Batu Di Dunia

Peyro Clabado (Nailed Rock) mungkin yang paling terkenal dari batu-batu besar granit terkikis dan formasi batuan yang membentuk Sidobre, dalam istilah Perancis. Batuan diperkirakan berumur 300 juta tahun dari gunung tua yang menjulang di wilayah Eropa Barat. Batuan keras dan padat seperti granit, batu yang mempunyai berat sekitar 780-ton melakukan tindakan menyeimbangkan dengan indah.

Omak Lake Balancing Rock (USA)


Omak Lake Balancing Rock, Keseimbangan Batu Terbaik

Omak Rock, juga dikenal sebagai Balance Rock, adalah batu keseimbangan yang terletak di Indian Reservation Colville, yang merupakan bagian dari Omak, Washington, sebuah kota di wilayah Okanogan dari Amerika Serikat.

Terletak dekat Danau Omak pada jarak 1.340 kaki (410 m), Batu memiliki bobot sekitar 40 ton, dan komposisinya adalah granit. Menurut Suku konfederasi dari Reservation Colville, batu berfungsi sebagai simbol kesempurnaan alam.

Steamboat Rock (USA)


Steamboat Rock, Keseimbangan Batu


Steamboat Rock, Keseimbangan Batu Terbaik

Steamboat Balanced Rock adalah salah satu formasi batuan yang popular. Berumur sekitar lebih dari 60 juta tahun yang lalu, bentuknya saat ini terbentuk ketika lapisan, lembut bagian bawah terkikis jauh lebih cepat daripada batu pasir keras di atas. Batu ini memiliki berat sekitar 700 ton.

          ZIMBABWE_WILDLIFE (by dkeats)        

Africa,Zimbabwe, Wildlife, Mammals


          biar takde duit. jangan busuk hati.        
orang suruh aku cakap pasal pakcik ayam dan kereta mini cooper.
mula2 aku malas nak respon.
tapi rancak sangat kat newsfeed.
jadi kasilah aku cakap barang seminit.

kawan2,

kita makan kat tgif pun upload kat instagram.
kan?
nak gitau kat orang yang biasa makan nasi goreng belacan betapa kita ada rezeki lebih nak makan mahal ini kali.
"bukan berlagak", kata hati.
saja nak gitau: "aku makan tgif hari ni".

tu baru sepinggan rm40++ kita dah nak canang kat orang.
rm40++ dari gaji kita yang setakat rm2200 (gaji normal kuala lumpur).
itu PUN kita dah mengeladi nak gitau semua.

maka--
bayangkan kita ada duit yang mampu beli kereta sebijik--
dan beli untuk saja2 dibagi2 semata.
tak cukup tanah upload sini sana.
kan?

kawan2,

orang nak tunjuk.
itu memang silap dia la.
itu pun entah dia yang upload dekat facebook dia; entah orang share dari entah mana sumber anak sedara yang satu sekolah dengan budak tu.

memang.
memang silap.
memang bagi kad jemputan pada penyamun perompak bagai.
memang saja bakar hati rakyat jelata yang masih pening kepala nak isi minyak seminggu sekali ini.

maka judgement yang paling senang--
kita cakap dia nak membongkak.

tapi nak buat cane.
duit dia, bro.
bukan pada kita dia mintak.

maka bior je le.
sekarang baru terfikir kerja hanyir ayam lagi mahal dari wangi kubikal berpenghawa-dingin?
haha.
sempat lagi, der.
sempat lagi nak tukar kerja.

jangan panas hati sangat.

kita pun up macam2 kat laman2 kita.
muka kita travel gi zimbabwe.
orang yang tak pernah keluar malaysia pun rasa palat gek pada kita.
muka kita beli beg designer sebijik dua ribu inggit.
orang yang pakai uncang pun rasa pantek gek pada kita.
muka kita meleset dengan laki.
orang yang solo dah bertahun pun rasa panas gek pada kita.

kita semua sama2.

dont get me wrong.
aku faham sentimen kita.
tapi...
kasar sangat la aku baca status korang.
macam tak best.
direct sangat ke dia.
ke anak2 dia.

dia bukan pakai duit kita..
kan..?

aku tak tau la korang--
tapi kalau aku kaya-raya--
memang yang muai--
anak aku.

sedangkan bulan bintang pun aku nak bagi.
apa lagi benda yang mampu beli.

kita tak suka orang bising cara kita besarkan anak;
maka aku rasa adillah kalau aku tanya kenapa kita seranah cara dia pulak.

tipikal working class parents memang begini.
benda yang kita nak masa kecik tapi tak dapat--
akan kita curah pada anak2 kita bila sampai masa kita.
sebab kita tak nak anak kita rasa apa kita rasa.

okay, kawan?
hari ni hari jumaat.

sudah2 la tu.

          12 Peninggalan Sejarah Paling Misterius Di Dunia        



Hal misterius selalu menggugah keingin-tahuan manusia dengan rasa penasarannya (curiosity). Hal itu justru membuat banyak pertanyaan yang lahir untuk dijawab.
Namun terkadang ilmuwan lebih terfikir lenih banyak pertanyaan daripada jawaban yang telah ada. Berikut 12 peninggalan sejarah paling misterius berdasarkan pilihan terkini.
1. Monumental Instructions for the Post-Apocalypse / Monumen Petunjuk untuk Hari Kiamat (Amerika Serikat)
Di sebuah bukit kecil di timur laut tandus daerah Hartwell, Georgia AS, berdiri monumen paling aneh dan misterius di dunia.
Namun melihat dari arsitektur bangunan, monumen itu tidak diciptakan pada zaman kuno.
Dikenal sebagai ‘Georgia Guidestones’, lima struktur batu ini tingginya16 feet, dengan berat 20 ton.
Memiliki empat pilar batu granit persegi panjang keatas, yang masing-masing pilar dipahat mengenai instruksi dan petunjuk dari kedelapan “bahasa kebudayaan terbesar” diantaranya bahasa hieroglif dari:
Arabic, Cina, Russia, Inggris, Spanyol, Hindi, Hebrew dan Swahili – dengan instruksi agar manusia yang selamat dari bencana besar dapat membangun kembali peradaban baru di Bumi ini dan sama sekali tidak meninggalkan serta melupakan sejarah para leluhur.
Keempat pilar dibentuk seperti tanda tambah (+ plus) dan mempunyai jarak sekitar 5 meter karenanya pusat tengahnya ada sebuah pilar lagi yang tertulis commandment di dindingnya, lalu diatasnya ditindih oleh batu granit berbentuk buku persegi empat.
Di keempat sisi pada baru granit yang terbaring itu diatasnya, ada petunjuk dengan “bahasa kebudayaan tua” yang sudah lenyap di dunia yaitu:
Bahasa Sanksekerta (Sanskrit), Yunani Kuno (Classical Greek) dan Babylonian Cuneiform serta Mesir Kuno (berupa simbol-simbol) atau Egyptian Hieroglyphic.
Apakah instruksi dalam delapan bahasa itu berkaitan dengan ramalan kiamat? Ini yang masih belum jelas.
Bangunan ini didirikan oleh golongan Mansonic, Freemason, Illuminati, kaum pagan dan para pendukung golongan satanic lainnya.






Terlihat mereka telah membuat situs ini namun pada sisi tertinggi di bidang datar teratas adalah lambang golongan mereka.
Jadi seakan-akan semua dan seluruh budaya di dunia ini berasal, tunduk dan berawal dari satu sumber yaitu golongan mereka yang ingin mendirikan New World Order (NWO).
Terbukti mereka berniat mengajarkan faham ini, dan akan berlanjut di kebudayaan manusia berikutnya.
Tidak jelas juga perintah ini ditujukan untuk siapa. Lebih tidak jelas lagi, siapa yang membangun monumen aneh ini? Hanya ada satu orang yang tahu namun dia tak mau bicara. 







2. Danau Michigan Stonehenge (Amerika Serikat)
Awalnya, sekelompok peneliti menggunakan sonar untuk mencari bangkai kapal di dasar Danau Michigan, hasil yang didapat sungguh mengejutkan.
Mereka justru menemukan struktur mirip Stonehenge kuno 40 feet di bawah permukaan air dekat pulau Beaver Island.
Sebagian dari batu tersebut dalam suatu lingkaran dan satu muncul untuk menunjukkan ukiran dari suatu Mastodon.
Diduga, benda purbakala ini dibangun 10,000 tahun lalu, kemungkinan bertepatan dengan pasca-Ice Age kehadiran manusia dan mastodons
Jadilah di daerah Michigan di Amerika sudah memiliki situs Petroglyph dan batu berdiri.
*




3. Yonaguni, Reruntuhan Peradaban Bawah Laut (Jepang)
Di pantai selatan pulau Yonaguni, Jepang, terdapat reruntuhan yang terendam, diperkirakan telah berusia sekitar 8.000 tahun.
Reruntuhan dibawah laut ini dikenal juga dengan nama Yonaguni Monument Underwater Ruins.
“Though some people believed that it was carved by geographic phenomena, it’s now confirmed to be man-made as the intricate stairways, carvings and right angles suggest.”
Meskipun sebagian orang percaya bahwa itu merupakan kreasi alam, namun sekarang muncul suara-suara yang menyebut itu buatan manusia.
Hal itu terlihat dari susunan tangga yang rumit, ukiran-ukiran yang ada di sana yang diyakini sebagai buatan manusia.
Situs ini ditemukan 1995 oleh seorang penyelam yang tersasar terlalu jauh dari pantai Okinawa. Kebetulan juga dia membawa camera untuk memotret bawah laut. 
*
4. Kejaiban Bawah Laut Alexandria (Mesir)
Reruntuhan ini dipercaya merupakan kota Alexander Agung, di mana istana Cleopatra berada.
Tenggelamnya kota itu diperkirakan terjadi 1.500 tahun lalu akibat gempa bumi dahsyat.
Bersamaan dengan terbenamnya istana itu, tenggelam juga artefak-artefak yang menghiasi istana, serta bangunan-bangunan lain dari istana Cleopatra itu.
Reruntuhan kota yang ditemukan di dasar laut ini, memang sengaja tidak diangkat ke daratan.
Pemerintah setempat berencana akan  menjadikan lokasi reruntuhan ajaib di bawah laut itu sebagai wisata air.






5. Misteri Stones Baalbek (Libanon)
Kuil Romawi yang terbesar yang pernah dibangun dan kini tinggal reruntuhannya, sebenarnya bukan di Yunani atau Roma, tapi justru di Baalbek, Libanon.
Kuil Romawi bernama Stone Baalbek itu dihancurkan oleh Kaisar Bizantium Theodosius, beruntung tidak semua bagian musnah.
Masih ada 6 dari 54 kolom, yang masih berdiri hingga kini.
Enam kolom inilah menjadi saksi sejarah dan meninggalkan jejak mistri yang menunggu diungkap.
Meskipun sisa-sisa kemegahan kuil ini masih terlihat jelas, namun sebenarnyalah, kuil ini sempat terbengkalai akibat perang.
Selama beberapa dekade, jarang sekali wisatawan berkunjung ke tempat ini akibat perang. Untungnya juga, perang tidak sampai menghancurkan kuil bersejarah ini. (peta lokasi)

6. Tiga Lingkaran Batu Kuno Megalithic (Turki)
Di selatan Turki, tepat di utara perbatasan dengan Suriah, terdapat tiga lingkaran batu megalitik berusia ribuan tahun, lebih tua daripada batu lingkaran Stonehenge.
Anehnya, lingkaran-lingkaran batu kuno ini dibangun oleh kelompok pemburu pada masa itu.
Sebelumnya, dipercaya bahwa manusia purba tidak mungkin bisa membuat bangunan itu, sampai mereka mencapai taraf kemajuan tertentu.
Ketika ditemukan, lingkaran batu itu dalam keadaan terkubur. Tak ada yang tahu apa alasan atau latar belakang kenapa benda itu terkubur.
Namun sebagian orang percaya bahwa Göbekli Tepe dan wilayah sekitarnya adalah awal dari sejarah manusia yakni lokasi Taman Eden. 
*
7. Patung Moai di Pulau Paskah / Easter Island (Chile)
Pulau Paskah, juga dikenal sebagai Rapa Nui atau Isla de Pascua, adalah sebuah pulau Polinesia di tenggara Samudra Pasifik, yang paling terkenal dengan patung-patung yang monumental yang diciptakan oleh orang-orang Rapanui.
Patung-patung itu diduga dibuat antara tahun 1250 Masehi dan 1500 Masehi.
Moai terberat berbobot 86 ton. Ini menggambarkan betapa besar prestasi mereka yang mampu menciptakan Rapanui, juga memindahkan patung-patung yang beratnya mencapai puluhan ton.
Beruntung, patung-patung kuno ini sebagian masih bisa dilihat di Raraku, tetapi ratusan patung lainnya dipindahkan ke pulau-pulau sekitar. 

8. Stonehenge, Monumen Prasejarah (Inggris)
Mungkin monumen kuno yang terbilang masih dalam kondisi baik adalah Stonehenge, terletak di Larkhill, Wiltshire, Inggris.
Bangunan purba ini diperkirakan dibangun 2500 sebelum masehi, namun kemudian mengalami revisi dan renovasi terus menerus selama 1400 tahun.
Meskipun segala teori dan spekulasi dikemukakan, tapi tak seorang pun tahu apa tujuan dan awal dari pembuatan monumen prasejarah ini.
Selama ini ilmuwan hanya berteori tentang Stonehenge yang misterius ini dan tetap menjadi salah satu misteri terbesar bumi.






9. Machu Picchu (Peru)
Machu Picchu adalah kota peninggalan bangsa Inca yang paling terawat baik. Kota kerajaan ini tersembunyi di pegunungan Andes di wilayah Peru, berada di pegunungan yang tinggi dengan jalan yang terjal namun pada puncaknya datar.
Sebuah lokasi, yang konon merupakan tempat pelarian bangsa Inca dari kejaran Spanyol.
Kota ini selama berabad-abad tersembunyi dan terisolasi dari dunia luar sampai kemudian seorang arkeolog, Hiram Bingham, menemukannya pada tahun 1911.
Berdasarkan penelitian, diperkirakan kota Machu Picchu dibanun pada 1450 masehi sebagai tempat persembunyian penguasa Inca Pachacuti.



10. Great Zimbabwe Ruins (Zimbabwe)
Hanya sedikit orang yang tahu bahwa Zimbabwe, Afrika, memiliki reruntuhan batu kuno tertua di dunia. Lokasinya di pedesaan.
Diduga, reruntuhan batu kuno itu dulunya adalah bangunan yang dihuni oleh 18.000 jiwa.
Begitu besarnya kompleks bekas-bekas reruntuhan kuno ini, maka disebut Great Zimbabwe Ruins.
Berdasarkan penelitian, bangunan itu dibangun pada abad ke-11, uniknya bangunan itu didirikan tanpa menggunakan semen.
Namun hingga kini tidak ada yang tahu pasti mengapa situs itu akhirnya ditinggalkan.
*
11. Chavín de Huantar Ruins (Peru)
Meskipun tidak setenar Machu Picchu, reruntuhan Chavín de Huantar di Peru juga merupakan Situs Warisan Dunia menarik yang berisi sisa-sisa artefak yang dibangun oleh Chavín, Inca pra-budaya, sekitar 900 SM
Situs ini berfungsi sebagai tempat berkumpul bagi orang-orang di daerah tersebut untuk berkumpul dan beribadah.
Tidak jelas mengapa budaya Chavín menghilang, meskipun beberapa percaya bahwa reruntuhan Chavín de Huantar menawarkan petunjuk tentang mengapa beberapa peradaban menghilang.
Kebanyakan teori menyebut musnahnya Chavín karena kondisi lingkungan termasuk terjadinya gempa bumi, sementara dugaan lain adalah perebutan kekuasaan. 
*

12. Coral Castle / Monumen Cinta Yang Hilang (Amerika Serikat)
Bagaimana menjelaskan seorang laki-laki bertinggi 5 feet dengan berat 100 pon, membangun taman yang rumit dengan menggunakan potongan-potongan batu karang yang masing-masing beratnya berton-ton?
Coral Castle, di Homestead, Florida, merupakan sebuah keajaiban yang sulit dijelaskan akal sehat.
Terlebih lagi, laki-laki yang membangun castle itu konon hanya berpendidikan setingkat kelas 4 SD.
Adalah Ed Leedskalnin, seorang imigran Latvia, yang membangun monumen yang disebut monumen cinta yang hilang.
Aneh! Kisahnya, pembangunan monumen ini bak kisah roman yang mengharu biru.
Ed Leedskaini mulai membangun castle itu pada tahun 1923, setelah ditolak cintanya oleh tunangannya di Latvia hanya beberapa hari sebelum pernikahan mereka.
Dan ia pun mengabdikan hidupnya untuk menyelesaikannya (monumen). Sayangnya, dia meninggal sebelum menumen cintanya selesai dibangun. Akan tetapi, setelah ia meninggal, 1951, konstruksi bangunan itu diteruskan pembangunannya.
Bukan kisah romantis ini yang bikin para ahli bingung, namun mereka heran dan takjub karena Leedskalnin, membangun sendiri benteng katang itu.
Lebih bingung lagi, karena pria itu sebenarnya hanya berpendidikan hingga kelas empat, namun anehnya ia mampu membangun benteng yang rumit itu.
Sesuatu yang sebenarnya hanya bisa dilakukan oleh para arsitek dan para ahli bangunan. Ini sungguh tak bisa dipahami. Bahkan seorang insinyur menyebut, “Bahkan, Albert Einstein pun belum tentu mampu memahami keajaiban ini.”
Itulah 12 peninggalan sejarah berupa monumen dan reruntuhan serta karya seni manusia yang masih banyak pertanyaan oleh para ilmuwan tentang keberadaaanya dibanding jawabannya. (weburbanist/icc.wp.com)


          Zodwa Wabantu : « Le président Robert Mugabe m’aime parce que je ne porte pas de slip »        

Zodwa est actuellement au Zimbabwe. Elle explique qu’avant d’effectuer le voyage, ses fans Zimbabwéens l’ont avertie d’adopter un comportement décent, quand elle arrivera pour éviter d’être interdite de rentrer dans le pays, parce que »Mugabe est un homme strict et décent. » « Les gens m’ont avertie concernant Mugabe sur les réseaux sociaux avant de […]

L’article Zodwa Wabantu : « Le président Robert Mugabe m’aime parce que je ne porte pas de slip » est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          Interview with Liyana        
American Journal of Nursing’s Alison Bulman spoke with members of the Zimbabwean band, Liyana, at their January 2009 performance at the Roxbury Arts Center in Roxbury, New York.
          Pisica lui Dalai Lama si puterea lui miau - David Michie        
Pisica lui Dalai Lama si puterea lui miau - David Michie

 Daca te-ai indoit vreodata ca tovarasul tau felin are propria sa viata interioara, priveste numai ce se intampla atunci cand acesta adoarme si isi pierde controlul constient asupra existentei sale fizice… o zvacnire de labute, un tremurat de falcute, uneori poate un fornait sau un mieunat… Intr-adevar, pisicile pot fi capabile sa traiasca pe deplin momentul prezent. Dar totodata suntem si fiinte ganditoare. Din pacate, in cazul meu, o fiinta care gandeste mai degraba prea mult.
 
In ultimul episod al seriei Pisica lui Dalai Lama, Pisica Sfintiei Sale („PSS”) are o misiune: sa gandeasca mai putin, sa experimenteze mai mult, sa traiasca momentul prezent. In scurt timp, afla care este sintagma potrivita pentru toate acestea ‒ a fi mindful (pe deplin constient de clipa prezenta) sau un concept mai bine cunoscut de ea ca puterea lui miau. Ceea ce urmeaza este o calatorie de descoperire a adevaratei sale naturi, de intelegere profunda a propriei minti si de experimentare a celei mai mari bucurii existentiale ‒ trairea AICI si ACUM.
 
In aceasta continuare de la Pisica lui Dalai Lama si Arta de a toarce, cititorii parasesc lumea exotica si fermecatoare a manastirii lui Dalai Lama din Muntii Himalaya si arunca o privire in mintea unei fiinte delicios de imperfecte, aflate pe calea spre iluminare. Insotind-o pe PSS in calatoria ei, vei invata noi modalitati de a te conecta la propria minte: incetinind ritmul, gasindu-ti linistea si staruind in stralucirea si bunavointa nesfarsita care constituie adevarata ta natura.

 

 David s-a nascut in Zimbabwe, a facut studii la Universitatea Rhodes din Africa de Sud si a trait la Londra timp de zece ani. Este casatorit si stabilit in Perth, Australia.

Este faimos pentru trilogia Pisica lui Dalai Lama (Pisica lui Dalai Lama, Arta de a toarce si Puterea lui Miau), cat si pentru cartile Buddhism for Busy People („Budismul pentru Oameni Ocupati”), Hurry Up and Meditate („Grabeste-te sa meditezi”) si Enlightenment to Go („Iluminare la pachet”). Toate au fost publicate international si sunt traduse in multe limbi.

Nr. de pagini : 231
Anul aparitiei : 2017


          3 Wanita Ini Rogol Pastor. No1 Tangkap Pinggang, No2 Lucut Seluar, No3.....        

Rogol

WANITA yang didakwa merogol pastor di Zimbabwe memberi alasan mahu ‘membetulkan’ lelaki berkenaan yang mendakwa ‘kebal’ daripada godaan serta membuktikan orang alim juga tidak terkecuali daripada godaan seksual.

Tiga wanita, Sandra Ncube, 21, Riamuhetsi Mlauzi, 23, and Mongiwe Mpofu, 25, dihadapkan ke Mahkamah Majistret Western Commonage di Bulawayo, semalam, bagi tuduhan melakukan serangan tidak bermoral terhadap pastor berkenaan pada 14 Julai lalu.
Daily Mail yang memetik laporan Chronicle (Zimbabwe) melaporkan, menurut pendakwa, pastor di sebuah gereja di Cowdray Park, ke rumah didiami tiga wanita itu bagi mengutip hutang daripada Riamuhetsi.
“Sebaik masuk ke dalam rumah kira-kira 7 petang, seorang daripada wanita itu menangkap pinggangnya dan seorang lagi melucutkan seluar serta merabanya.
“Mereka menariknya ke katil dan Mongiwe kemudian datang membawa kondom. Sandra melakukan seks dengan mangsa tanpa kerelaannya,” katanya.
Ketiga-kita wanita itu menafikan tuduhan merogol namun mengaku melakukan serangan tidak bermoral.
Riamuhetsi berkata, pastor itu yang selalu datang ketika dia mandi, mendakwa ‘imannya’ sebagai lelaki alim, tidak tergugat dengan nafsu.
“Saya mahu membuktikan pastor juga ‘ada perasaan dan nafsu’ seperti orang lain.
“Saya mahu dia sedar dia bukannya istimewa, tidak terkecuali daripada godaan seksual.
“Dia terangsang dengan godaan. Itu saja yang saya mahu lihat,” katanya.
Sandra berkata, dia menganggap kejadian itu sebagai ‘gurauan’ manakala Mongiwe mendakwa hanya memberi kondom selepas diminta dua rakannya.
Pastor itu dibawa ke hospital untuk pemeriksaan bagi menyediakan laporan untuk mahkamah, manakala ketiga-ketiga wanita terbabit direman sehingga 7 Ogos menunggu perbicaraan penuh.  Lapor Agensi.
Dikatakan ada cubaan '3 ta' dalam kehidupan manusia. 
1. Harta 
2. Tahta (kuasa) 
3. Wanita (seks). 
Pastor itu terkorban kerana ta ke3 ini?
IKLAN IH
Hasil carian imej untuk tukang gunting rambut lelaki
Dikehendaki Segera!! Tukang Gunting Rambut Lelaki 
Berminat, sila klik ...


          Politics - USA        
Rosebuddy wrote:
Asterios wrote:

by your words if I don't like how you think and want to protest I can hit you, beat you and attack you and that is ok ?


If I advocate for the destruction of your lifestyle and spearhead a movement dedicated to it there isn't much else you can do that makes a practical difference. Right or wrong has nothing to do with the fact that the struggle for supremacy in society inevitably boils down to force.


Thats cute. The ones on the other side are the ones with the guns and the bullets. There is a substantial subculture within that group that has been preparing for you to do just that, and have lots and lots of cool toys they want to try out. College hothouse kids will go through a buzzsaw if they try that.


Automatically Appended Next Post:
 Jihadin wrote:
I would maced them all.


Mace is probably illegal in California.


Automatically Appended Next Post:
 Jihadin wrote:
I'm against career politicians. Hillary Career politician. Trump not. Though if Trump in office manages to negate a chunk of US Debt we all be praising him on his financial shenanigans eh (by not opening up the "Football"


It will send the US economy into a death spiral and join such economic powerhouses as Argentina and Zimbabwe.
          à¤–तना -- प्रश्‍न : मुस्लिम,यहूदी और इसाईयों में की जाने वाली लिंग की circumcision क्‍या स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य के हिसाब से à        
खतना यानि नकाब कुशाई, सुन्‍दर और सुरक्षित रखने का आसान  à¤¤à¤°à¥€à¤•à¤¾, जिसे तीन धर्मों वाले लाभान्वित हो रहे हैं,,,दुनिया में इन्‍हीं तीनों धर्मों से अधिकतर समझदार होते हैं,,,इन्‍हीं का दुनिया पर कब्‍जा है,, इन तीनों धर्मों अर्थात यहूदी, इसाई और इस्‍लाम का संयुक्‍त नाम इब्राहीमी धर्म Abrahamic religions है
बच्‍चे की नाल काटी जाती है, जिसकी पैदा होने के बाद कोई आवश्‍यकता नहीं इसी तरह यह मामूली और नाजुक सी झिल्‍ली हटाई जाती है,, जिस कारण इन तीन धर्मों वालों का वो बेहद सुन्‍दर हो जाता है

उत्तर ---
पुरूषों का à¤–तना à¤‰à¤¨à¤•à¥‡ शिश्न की अग्र-त्वचा (खलड़ी) को पूरी तरह या आंशिक रूप से हटा देने की प्रक्रिया है. 

यहूदी संप्रदाय à¤®à¥‡à¤‚ पुरूषों का धार्मिक खतना ईश्वर का आदेश माना जाता है.[5] à¤‡à¤¸à¥à¤²à¤¾à¤® à¤®à¥‡à¤‚, हालांकि à¤•à¤¼à¥à¤°à¤¾à¤¨ à¤®à¥‡à¤‚ इसकी चर्चा नहीं की गई है, लेकिन यह व्यापक रूप से प्रचलित है और अक्सर इसे सुन्नाह (sunnah) कहा जाता है.[6] à¤¯à¤¹ अफ्रीका में कुछ ईसाई चर्चों में भी प्रचलित है, जिनमें कुछ ओरिएण्टल ऑर्थोडॉक्स चर्च भी शामिल हैं.[7]विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन (World Health Organization) (डब्ल्यूएचओ) (WHO) के अनुसार, वैश्विक आकलन यह सूचित करते हैं कि 30% पुरूषों का खतना हुआ है, 

विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन (The World Health Organization) (डब्ल्यूएचओ; 2007) (WHO; 2007), एचआईवी/एड्स पर जॉइन्ट यूनाईटेड नेशन्स प्रोग्राम, (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) (यूएनएड्स; 2007) (UNAIDS; 2007), और सेंटर्स फॉर डिसीज़ कण्ट्रोल एण्ड प्रीवेंशन (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (सीडीसी; 2008) (CDC; 2008) कहते हैं कि प्रमाण इस बात की ओर संकेत करते हैं कि पुरूषों में खतना करना शिश्न-योनि यौन संबंध के दौरान पुरूषों द्वारा à¤à¤šà¤†à¤ˆà¤µà¥€ (HIV) à¤…भिग्रहण के खतरे को लक्षणीय रूप से कम कर देता है, 

प्रश्‍न : मुस्लिम लोगों में की जाने वाली लिंग की खतना क्‍या स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य के हिसाब से ठीक है । 
उत्‍तर : खतना न केवल मुस्लिम में बल्कि काफी सारे दूसरे धर्मों में भी होती है । तथा खतना का स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य के हिसाब से बहुत सारे फायदे हैं । सबसे पहला तो ये ही है कि खतना करवाने के बाद लिंग के ऊपर की जो चमड़ी है वो लिंग के आगे के मुंड पर चढ़ी हुई नहीं रहती है । जिसके कारण लिंग में इन्‍फेक्‍शन होने का खतरा बिल्‍कुल कम हो जाता है । दरअसल में ये जो चमड़ी है ये जब लिंग के आगे के मुंड पर चढ़ी रहती है तो वहां पर सडांध पैदा करती है । एक दो दिन में वहां पर एक सफेद पनीर जैसा बदबूदार पदार्थ जामा हो जाता है जो कि लिंग पर इन्‍फेक्‍शन पैदा कर देता है । जब खतना हो जाती है तो चमड़ी नीचे गिर जाती है और जिसके कारण वो बदबू पैदा होना तथा पनीर जमने की संभावना खत्‍म हो जाती है । दूसरा फायदा ये है कि कई बार संभोग करते समय जब लिंग को अंदर प्रवेश करवाया जाता है तो ये चमड़ी पीछे हटते हुए कट जाती है । यदि छेद टाइट होता है तो ऐसा होता है । चमड़ी कट जाने के कारण कई दिनों तक संभोग करने में असहनीय दर्द होता है । यदि खतना की हुई है तो ये सारी परेशानियां कम हो जाती हैं । डाक्‍टरों के अनुसार खतना होने के बाद लिंग की चमड़ी का केंसर होने की संभावना भी कम हो जाती है । आजकल खतना अस्‍पतालों में आपरेशन थियेटर में बाकायदा सर्जन के द्वारा की जाती हैं । इसलिये इसमें पहले की तरह पकने या दूसरी परेशानियां कम हो गई हैं । खतना करवाना एक प्रकार से अपने लिंग को सुरक्षित करना है इन्‍फेक्‍शन के खतरे से । कुछ शोध कहते हैं कि खतना करवाने के बाद एडस का खतरा भी कम हो जाता है । 

लड़के अपने लिंग की आगे की चमड़ी के साथ जन्म लेते हैं - वह चमड़ी जो लिंग मुंड को ढके रहती है। जब किसी लड़के या पुरुश का खतना किया जाता है, तो उनके लिंग के आगे की चमड़ी निकाल दी जाती है और लिंग मुंड दिखने लगता है।
खतना कई कारणों से किया जाता है। à¤‡à¤¸à¤•à¤¾ संबंध किसी खास धर्म, जातीय (एथ्निक समूह) या जनजाति से हो सकता है। माता-पिता अपने बेटों का खतना, साफ-सफाई या स्वास्थ्य कारणों से भी करा सकते हैं।

चित्रः बायीं ओरः बिना खतना किया गया लिंग; दाहिनी ओरः खतना किया गया लिंग

विष्व में पुरुष खतना का अनुपात
विष्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन का अनुमान है कि पूरे विश्‍व व के 30 प्रतिशत पुरुषों का खतना हुआ है। कुछ समुदायों जैसे कि यहूदियों और मुसलमानों के लगभग सभी पुरुषों का खतना किया जाता है।

खतना कराने के क्या फायदे हैं?
जिन पुरषों का खतना नहीं किया गया है, उनकी तुलना में खतना कराए पुरुषों में इन बातों का कम जोखिम होता हैः

ऽ à¤ªà¥‡à¤¶à¤¾à¤¬ की नली का संक्रमण (इन्फेक्षन)
ऽ à¤à¤šà¤†à¤ˆà¤µà¥€
ऽ à¤¸à¤¿à¤«à¤²à¤¿à¤¸
ऽ à¤¸à¥‡à¤•à¥à¤¸ से होने वाली शैन्क्राॅयड नामक बीमारी
वैज्ञानिकों का मानना हैं कि खतना किए गए पुरुषों  में संक्रमण का कम जोखिम होता है क्योंकि लिंग की आगे की चमड़ी के बिना कीटाणुओं के पनपने के लिए नमी वाला माहौल नहीं मिलता है।
एक मान्यता यह है कि खतना किए गए लिंग का मुंड कम संवेदनशीलल होता है, इसलिए पुरुष वीर्यपात से पहले अधिक समय तक संभोग (सेक्स) कर सकते हैं।

चाहे आपका खतना हुआ हो या नहीं, आपको रोज़ अपने लिंग को साफ करना चाहिए।
यदि आपका खतना नहीं हुआ है, तो लिंग की आगे की चमड़ी को धीरे से पीछे खिसकाएं और गुनगुने पानी से लिंग मुंड को धोएं। लिंग के दंड के लिए साबुन का प्रयोग कर सकते हैं, लेकिन आगे की चमड़ी के नीचे सफाई के लिए साबुन का प्रयोग करना ठीक नहीं होगा।
साबुन से बैक्टीरिया के प्राकृतिक संतुलन में गड़बड़ी आ सकती है और जिसके कारण आपको फफूंदी वाले संक्रमण (फंगल इन्फेक्षन) होने की संभावना बढ़ जाती है। यदि आप अपने लिंग मुंड को साबुन से धोने का फैसला करते हैं, तो किसी हल्की सुगंध वाले सौम्य साबुन का प्रयोग करें।
स्मेग्मा को धोकर साफ करना ज़रूरी है। यह, सफेद या पीलापन लिए चिपचिपा पदार्थ होता है, जो त्वचा से निकलने वाले तेल और मृत त्वचा कोशिकाओं से बना होता है। इसका बनना पूरी तरह स्वाभाविक है, लेकिन यह आपके लिंग की आगे की  चमड़ी के नीचे जम सकता है, बदबू फैला सकता है, खुजली और संक्रमण कर सकता है।

सृष्टिकर्ता ने मनुष्य को नंगा पैदा किया है, इसका मतलब यह तो हरगिज़ नहीं है कि मनुष्य कपड़े ना पहने, नंगा ही जिये, नंगा ही मरे, गंदा पैदा होता है, गंदा ही रहे। नाखून और बाल आदि भी न कटवाए।
Arya Samaj - ख़तना और पेशाब



जिम्बाब्वे में पुरष सांसदों का खतना होगा

डरबन। जिम्बाब्वे के पुरष सांसदों का खतना किया जाएगा। ऎसा एच.आई.वी और एड्स की रोकथाम के अभियान के तहत किया जाएगा। उप प्रधानमंत्री थोकोजानी खुपे ने जानकारी देते हुए बताया कि 150 सदस्यौं वाली जिम्बाब्वे की संसद के पुरूष सदस्यों और शहरी एवं ग्रामीण परिषदों के पुरूष सदस्यों को एक छोटे ऑपरेशन से गुजरना होगा। थोकोजानी ने बताया कि देश में एच.आई.वी के प्रसार को रोकने के मकसद से सरकार ने यह योजना बनाई है। शोधकर्ताओं के अनुसार जिन पुरूषों का खतना होता है, उनमें एड्स होने की संभावना आठ गुना तक कम हो जाती है

हिंदुओं के मुकाबले मुसलमान महिलाओं में कैंसर कम

अध्ययन में पाया गया कि 30 से 69 वर्ष के पुरुषों की मौत की मुख्य वजह मुंह, पेट और फेफड़े का कैंसर था.
          Gbenga Oyebode and Dzingai Mutumbuka Join Board of Directors        

In June, Teach For All was thrilled to welcome Dzingai Mutumbuka, Chairman of the Zimbabwe National Commission of UNESCO and former Education Minister of Zimbabwe, and Gbenga Oyebode MFR, Chairman, Aluko & Oyebode, to our Board. The new Directors join 12 fellow leaders in the global business, philanthropic, academic, and education sectors.

Dzingai Mutumbuka currently serves as a member of the governing board for UNESCO's International Institute for Educational Planning and is the former Chair of the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA), which brings together all African education ministers and donors supporting education in Africa. Among Africa’s longest-serving education ministers, Mr. Mutumbuka subsequently later led a distinguished career working for multilateral organizations including the World Bank. During a recent Teach For All Talk with Teach For All CEO and Co-founder Wendy Kopp, he shared his perspective on the improvements in access to education across the African continent over the last 35 years.

Gbenga Oyebode is the Chairman of Aluko & Oyebode, (Barristers, Solicitors & Trademark Agents), one of the largest integrated law firms in Nigeria, with offices in Lagos, Abuja, and Port-Harcourt. Mr. Oyebode has a prominent career in the field of law and is a member of the Nigerian Bar Association, the American Bar Association, and the International Bar Association (IBA).

To support the network’s efforts to develop collective leadership to ensure all children can fulfill their potential, Teach For All is committed to establishing a diverse Board of Directors who bring unique global perspectives to our work. We look forward to learning from Mr. Mutumbuka and Mr. Oyebode’s experience, insights, and leadership as they begin their service on the Board.  

The two newest Directors bring a wealth of experience and leadership in the African context
          One Plus One: Chido Govera        
Chido Govera grew up in poverty in rural Zimbabwe. Her mother died of AIDS when she was seven, exposing her to physical abuse from relatives while she struggled to care for her Grandmother and younger brother. Now in her early thirties, Chido has helped hundreds of communities around the world transform their lives through mushroom farming.
          Proudly African & Transgender: Portraits by Gabrielle Le Roux in collaboration with trans and intersex activists.        
Portraits and narratives of ten transgender Africans from seven countries in East and Southern Africa by Gabrielle Le Roux in partnership with Victor Mukasa exhibited for the first time by Amnesty International – Amsterdam. Zimbabwe: Amanda Uganda: Julius South Africa: Bongi Burundi:...
          Impoverished Zimbabwe Name $1.3Bln University After 93-Year-Old Robert Mugabe        
One of the world's poorest countries, Zimbabwe, is planning to spend $1.3 billion on a Robert Mugabe University. The flagship project is the latest in a long line of vanity schemes dreamed up by controversial statesmen, leaders and demagogues.
           The nature and extent of landscape change under resettlement programmes in Zimbabwe         
Elliott, Jennifer, Burnside, Niall, Broomhead, T., Kinsey, B.H. and Kwesha, D. (2006) The nature and extent of landscape change under resettlement programmes in Zimbabwe Land Degradation & Development, 17 (5). pp. 495-508. ISSN 1099-145X
          BEAD & PEARLS SHOW IN Florence this weekend!!!        







FALL BEADS & Pearls TRUNK SHOW




Friday, November 4 - 5pm to 8pm
Saturday November 5 - 10am to 6pm
Sunday November 6 - 10am to 5pm


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Florence

2 blocks North of Rite-Aid in Florence!!!

Catch them while they are in town!!!



Wild Things Beads are a major importer of:


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    Ammonite Fossil Beads



  • Vintage Bead Surprises!!




  • African Baskets from Zimbabwe


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Drop on by to see the latest Czech glass beads, BEAUTIFUL Pearls fresh from Hong Kong, Vintage treasure too many to mention, Stone Beads, small to large, single & multiple holes!!



3757 Hwy 101, Florence, OR ALLLLL WEEKEND!!!!














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          The End, Ende, FIN | Post Trip Wrap-Up...         

A Photo Retrospective /// www.SomedayNeverMaybe.com from David Mobley on Vimeo.
______________________________

***Note - I arrived 'home' to Denver at the tail end of August, but have had a really hard time wrapping up this whole thing.  As you can imagine, post-processing a trip like this can be a bit of a challenge to say the least.  Anyway, I woke up this morning in a great mood and figured I'd post an update of where things stand.  

When I pulled up the Blogger page I came across this post, which I'd forgotten about and apparently never had the courage to publish.  Anyway, here goes nothing.  More updated info at bottom.***

Thursday, October 2nd, 2014

The final ride - Deckers to Denver, CO
So that's it, as quick as the whole thing began, it's come to an end.  I set off 10 months ago on the adventure of a lifetime, and now it feels like I've woken up and it was all a dream.

This will be my very last post.  I thought about not writing an 'ending', just leaving the whole thing open-ended for the few that have followed along.  However, I feel it necessary to wrap things up, for a number of reasons.  

First, let me summarize the feelings of being 'home'.  At first I thought the decision to quit an amazing job to take off on this crazy adventure would be difficult.  It was.  Then I thought the trip itself would offer up intense challenges along the way.  It did.  Ultimately, I thought the decision to just 'go', to leave, would be the hardest...  and while that was incredibly difficult, nothing prepared me for how hard it would be to return.  Nothing.  Post-travel depression is no joke!  Not only has this been the hardest part of the 'adventure' thus far, it's probably been one of the most challenging transition periods in my entire life. 

Enjoying Colorado before leaving yet again
To begin, let me backtrack where I left off...  About a month back, I decided to rendezvous with a group of friends, fellow motorcyclists, blog followers, and my mate Andrew (a good bloke from Liverpool who has been moto-traveling for 3+ years) in Deckers, CO to make the final ride into Denver.  It was great, and I was honored that anyone would care enough to even show up.  From there, my friend James had set up a BBQ in a park, which put a lot of my Denver friends together in one place.  I figured the group of us could ride to the park, which would give me a great opportunity to see everyone.  Not to mention I had visions of a grand and triumphant return...  me rolling up the conquering hero.  Well, it didn't quite turn out that way.  I underestimated how strange the feeling would be to see everyone.  

Catching up w/ friends at the mini-moto races
First off, the 'ex' was at the BBQ.  Yeah, how weird is that?  One of the main reasons I decided to set off on this whole thing was to clear my head after the break, and there she was, one of the first people I see upon my return.  It's understandable that she would be there as we share a lot of the same friends.  And quite frankly she can go wherever she damn well pleases.  I thought about skipping the whole thing b/c of the possibility that I'd see her, but didn't want to miss the opportunity to see all my friends.  To be honest, although a bit strange, it wasn't really that difficult to see her.  Even though she looked fantastic, and I a complete bum who'd just ridden a motorcycle for 10mos, 24k miles, through 16 countries (I definitely looked, and most likely smelled the part!).  Regardless, it was nice speaking with her briefly, and I'm glad that she is seemingly happy, healthy, and apparently in a nice relationship.  All I can do is wish her the absolute best, which I've done since.  

Great being back w/ family in Colorado after the trip
The rest of the time at the park I picked a seat in the corner and mingled with people one by one.  If any of you are reading this, I apologize for being cold, shy, and/or weird that day.  As you can imagine, I was a bit overwhelmed with the whole thing.  Being back, being 'home', seeing everyone all at the same time.  Realizing that half of my friends went and popped out kids, realizing the other half are up to the same exact things they were before I left.  I've since spoken with most of you after, and am glad I've had the chance to get caught up.  I missed friends and family while away, so it's been incredible to get back in the mix where we all left off.  

Exploring Germany - post vacation, vacation
At the park, and since I've been back, everyone has asked the same two questions.  How was it?  What was your favorite part?  Both of which require incredibly long answers.  I could spend hours talking about the places I visited, the amazing people and friends I met along the way, the experiences that have changed me forever, the crashes, etc, etc, etc.  BUT, quite frankly nobody really gives a $hit.  And why would they?  Everyone has gone on with their own lives, and has their own stories to tell.  Good on em!  So, I find myself answering with short responses.  I'll throw out an "amazing" here, an "epic" there.  I'll share a few stories with people from time to time, but for the most part I find myself staring into space reliving the journey, and recreating the experiences in my head.  

Exploring Hannover w/ Nina
It's hard to describe the yearning and feelings when I look back on the trip, and the last year.  Sometimes I catch myself in a daze, with a deep, empty, sad feeling.  On one hand I'm so incredibly happy and proud of myself for taking on this adventure, on the other I can't help but feel like I could have done and experienced even more.  Why did I skip that place?  Why didn't I spend more time there?  Why did I wrap it all up after only 10mos?  Why didn't I invest in that beachfront property that I came across, build a café, and live out a carefree life?  How am I back in Denver after this whole thing sans wife, job, and house?!?!  With nothing but a pocketful of memories from this journey as a trade...?  

F all that!  I DO have a pocketful of memories from the journey.  Something I'll cherish for the rest of my days.  I did DO it.  And I'm incredibly proud of myself for checking this one off the list.  I think one of the challenges however is that this one, this huge item on the bucket list, was so big that I don't know what's next.  I've always had goals, and have ticked them off the list one-by-one.  I've run a marathon, earned a college degree, won a motorcycle road racing championship, traveled to 35 countries by the age of 35, volunteered as a mentor in multiple countries, swam with an elephant in Thailand, jumped off a cliff in Colombia...  a bridge in Zimbabwe...  and multiple planes, crashed a motorcycle at well over 100mph, learned to dance salsa, learned to speak another language, been thrown in the slammer (long story, don't ask), spoke in front of a crowd of 1k+, developed a solid sales and marketing career, made a ton of friends around the globe, fallen in love deeply, been loved deeply, and watched a loved one pass.  And now I get to add 'this' to the list.  This crazy adventure.  I get to strike this one off the bucket list.  All the while thinking to myself, "what's next?"  Well, there isn't a 'next' for now, and that's been a hard pill to swallow.  Not a bad thing, it's just strange that this particular chapter is over.

Con Nina en Deutschland
I think the best way to describe the way I feel is that I'm home, but 'home' doesn't feel like home.  Although I'm with friends and family, and have started sorting life out, I feel disconnected from it all.  To make matters worse, I've avoided talking about the trip in depth.  When I do so it makes me want to hop back on the bike and point the wheel south all over again.  So I choose to block it out.  I've chosen to try and regain some semblance of a balanced life again.  I've even stopped reading ride reports on ADVrider as they all remind me of the wonderful experience I just wrapped up.  I know that all sounds strange, but I guess just a testament of how powerful and amazing the trip was.  Talking about it, or even seeing pictures gives me a sense of sadness that it's over.  I've figured out that traveling, for a long period of time, changes you in ways you can't prepare for.  It changes your world forever.  It makes that place you call 'home' never really feel the same again. 

Partying it up w/ Daniel in Frankfurt
Another reason I wanted to wrap this up was to touch on the whole job thing.  I referenced getting my life in order earlier.  Well, within three weeks I locked in an incredible job, and moved into a new loft.  The Friday before I got home (arrived on a Sunday) I received a call from a recruiter.  We had spoken briefly a couple of times via e-mail about a position he felt I'd be a good fit for.  I'll spare you all the details, but I'm now in a position, at a slightly higher level than I was before I left!  The gig is amazing, home-office based, incredible salary, and realistic international opportunity in the future.  In addition to this offer, I interviewed with four other companies within the first week of being home, and had phone conversations with a handful of others. Some through recruiters, some through networking, and some through my own hard work.  I don't say this to brag, I say it to encourage others on the fence.  If you are worried about quitting a job, or that you won't find one when you get back...  don't.  Not to mention, I now know more about myself, what I want, what I'd put up with, and a better understanding of my strengths and weaknesses.  So I'll say it again, live life fully.  Chase your dreams.  Life, and home will be patiently waiting when you decide to return.  If that's what you truly want.  

Beautiful Heidelberg
The new job officially started this past Monday, September 29th.  I know I'll be head down and busy the next few months, so before I began I decided to take a quick trip to Germany last week.  Why Deutschland???  Well, for those of you that have been following along, you'll remember Janina.  The beautiful girl I met on the boat from Panama to Colombia.  The one I spent time with along the way (Stahlratte, Cartagena, Bogota, Ecuador).  I needed to go 'see about a girl'.  And it was also nice to take a quick vacation after my vacation, and before I officially began life again, which I've since done.  

Beautiful Heidelberg
Upon arrival in Frankfurt, I met up with a good friend Daniel.  I met him on the trip in Oaxaca, Mexico.  We got on well, so decided to meet up again in Puerto Escondido, which we did.  Many pints and crazy nights later, we decided to meet down in Mazunte, where we hung out for several more days.  It was great to see him again and we had a great time kicking around his hometown for several days.  D Jen, if you read this thanks for the hospitality, it was great seeing you again, and let's figure out a way to hit some international beaches together again soon!  

From there I took a train to Hannover, where Nina is from, and where we decided to meet up.  I hadn't seen her in over four months, so it was a bit surreal when she came walking towards me in the train station as beautiful as ever.  Somehow she seems to walk in slow motion, with the sun catching her at just the right angle at all times.  Within minutes, we were back to 'normal', like neither time nor distance had separated us.  We spent several days in Hannover where I was able to see her childhood home, meet her father, and explore a part of Germany I'd never seen.  From there we hopped over to Heidelberg where she is currently living to explore a bit more.

To be continued...  

Sunday, March 8th, 2015

My new view/hood - BKLN, NY
...  Ok, I guess today is as good a day as any to get caught up.  I've been back from the trip around 6mos and have since sold the bike and gear to a nice gentleman who followed my trip.  He plans to take a journey of his own someday on Chloé.  Maybe when he returns he can sell it to someone else...  and on, and on.  Maybe somebody can write The Adventures of Chloé someday from her perspective.   

Several have asked, "what happened with Nina?"  Beautiful, sweet, kind, caring, and very lovely...  an absolutely amazing girl.  The distance was just far too great.  She belongs in Germany for now, and me Stateside.  Perhaps someday our paths will cross again.  It's interesting I write this now, as it's exactly one year from when I boarded the sailboat in Panama and we met en route to Colombia.  She is incredible and has a wonderful life ahead of her.  J if you read this, I'm honored to have shared time and memories with you, and wish nothing but happiness and the absolute best. 

My new view/hood - BKLN, NY
That job I referenced above in the post from a few months back.  Well it was great, but another landed in my lap and I decided to accept it.  I'm back in a very similar role to what I was doing before I ever left on this trip, and back in the same industry (wireless).  Don't worry though, the adventures certainly continue.  The position required relocation, so I'm currently writing this from my Brooklyn apartment overlooking the Manhattan skyline.  You read that right, I accepted the position mid-December, was splitting time between Denver and NY, and made the official relocation February 1st.  I'm a New Yorker now!  For those reading this from the cold northeast give me a shout and we'll grab a coffee.  

Such a trip, I've only been back six months but the adventure seems like a lifetime ago.  In the last six months I've sourced and moved into apartments in two different cities, sold my bike, bought a car, sold the same car, gone through two separate job on-boardings, and have started building a life in my new Brooklyn home.  It's been a whirlwind for sure.  Sometimes I think back on the trip and wonder "did that really even happen?"  Anyway, I'm so glad it did.  Although it's been incredibly difficult to 'pick up the pieces', I feel like I'm finally starting to do so, and that feels phenomenal. 

My new view/hood - BKLN, NY
I still struggle sometimes with what I've dubbed 'post long-term travel purgatory'.  A feeling of being torn and stuck in the middle after having experienced the beauty of both lifestyles.  On one side, a life of travel with every freedom imaginable.  On the other, a life of 'traditional success', which comes with benefits for sure (a relative sense of security, health insurance, a steady paycheck, etc).  There's beauty and positive in both for sure, but I can't help feeling at times like I'm stuck between the two.  A veritable Heaven and Hell.  Problem is, I'm not sure which is which.  Perhaps the grass is never 'greener on the other side'.  Perhaps the green can be found on both sides of the fence, you just have to be willing to look? 

I'd love to set off on another grand adventure someday, but for now I'm going to enjoy the present.  Enjoy exploring the new job, new home, new chapter, and new life.  I continue to meet amazing people along the way, and have already started building a base of good friends here.  

My new view/hood - BKLN, NY
If you've made it this far and are still reading, thanks.  If you've made it this far, are still reading, and are still on the fence about doing a similar motorcycle journey, DO IT!  Although it's difficult...  very difficult.  It's worth every bit of it.  Preparation, planning, budgets, obstacles, danger, emotions, loneliness, post-travel depression, challenges, etc.  All that pales in comparison to the people you'll meet, the life-changing experiences, and the memories you'll cherish forever.  Seriously, get out and do it.  I've said it before, life will be patiently waiting when you decide to return.

Good catching up, hope this post finds everyone well, 

~ David 

PS...  An interesting two wheel related tidbit, I've been invited to race the 93rd annual Pikes Peak International Hill Climb on Sunday, June 28th.  Yours truly will be piloting a 2014 Yamaha WR450F in the lightweight division.  I fly back to Denver on the 19th for practice, qualifying, and related events the 20th-27th, then the race is the 28th.  Assuming all goes well, I fly home on/around the 29th.  For those in Colorado, come out and support.  I'll be flying my typical #78.  I'm also pitting with a couple of other great guys.  Carl Sorenson on a Ducati 848, and Jose 'Francisco' Guedez on a Ducati Hypermotard.  


          Recurring Typhoid Nightmare in Zimbabwe        

Originally posted by the Coalition against Typhoid.  

After struggling with outbreaks for more than a year, Zimbabwe is facing yet another deadly wave of typhoid as it begins 2017. Hundreds of cases have been reported across the country over the past three months, the vast majority of which have occurred in Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital city, where the local government struggles to provide clean water and to contain sewage. Because typhoid is spread through contaminated food and water, the lack of these basic services means that typhoid bacteria can easily spread throughout the city. Although there are two vaccines for typhoid on the market, both of which have proven safe and effective, they are not readily available to Zimbabweans, even those that live in high-risk areas.

As this most recent typhoid outbreak has spread, Harare residents have been vocal about blaming local government for the resurgence of typhoid, accusing the Harare City Council of allowing a total breakdown in the delivery of vital services like clean water and sewage treatment. Some doctors have even suggested that patients should sue the city council. The Health and Child Care Minister of Zimbabwe, Dr. David Parirenyatwa, has also put the onus directly on the Harare City Council, saying the Council has been slow to address breakdowns in city services. Blocked sewage pipes and disconnected water lines in crowded neighborhoods have all contributed to a situation primed for the spread of typhoid.

This is not the first time that the Harare City Council has come under fire for a typhoid outbreak. At this time last year, Harare was in the grip of an outbreak that continued through February and into March. Harare was only declared typhoid free in August, after two full incubation periods had come and gone without any new cases of typhoid.

But it didn’t take long for the next wave of typhoid cases to begin. By mid-October, in the wake of a historic drought, media outlets began reporting new cases of typhoid in Zimbabwe, affecting towns all over the country. This outbreak has been centered primarily in Harare, however, and is due in part to local water shortages caused by the drought, which drove residents to drink from unsafe boreholes or wells. Legislators were quick to label it a national health crisis; already, hospitals were running out of typhoid medicine.

Despite the Harare City Council’s efforts to improve sanitation services like trash collection, a recent investigation by local news media found that half of Harare’s garbage collection vehicles are out of order, forcing residents in high-density suburbs to create their own illegal dump sites — including sewage and fecal matter that may contain typhoid — that often spill over into the water supply.

Now the Zimbabwean government is searching for solutions to stop the most recent outbreak. An ideal sustainable solution would be to properly vaccinate typhoid-susceptible populations, breaking the cycle of infection and disease spread while building proper water and sanitation infrastructure. For now, the government is forming an inter-ministerial committee to institute measures that would contain the disease, such as banning food vendors on the streets, enhancing waste management, stopping illegal dumpsites and providing health education. Not all of these measures are popular, however. Street food vendors have protested that they should not be stripped of their livelihoods for an outbreak that arose in part because of the government’s failure to uphold public services. The emergency measures also don’t address the underlying conditions that caused the outbreak – conditions that have persisted in Harare for over a year now.

Until the government institutes a sustainable typhoid immunization program, the government must prioritize clean water supply, working sewage pipes and reliable trash pickups. Although the underlying funding and infrastructure required might take years of money and effort, it is well worth it to invest in the long-term health of the population. Other preventative measures, such as using vaccines for outbreak control or rapid chlorination of the water supply, can save lives and prevent suffering while the government develops long-term water and sanitation interventions. Vaccination and water and sanitation improvements can be a powerful one-two punch in battling typhoid and stop the spread of typhoid Harare in 2017 and beyond. 


          Recap of TED 2013         
TED is an organization devoted to Ideas Worth Spreading, mainly through the free distribution of 8-to-18-minute TED Talks - originally about technology, entertainment and design, but now TED covers heftier global topics such as climate change, poverty and education reform. TED hosts hundreds of events around the world but the main event is an annual invitation-only conference that attracts the most accomplished scientists, academics, politicians, writers, artists, inventors, entrepreneurs and entertainers.

TED 2013, which took place last week in Long Beach, CA, was my eighth TED. My best TED moments were conversations with Julia Sweeney, Michael Shermer, Sam Harris, Jill Bolte Taylor and Amanda Palmer.

As in prior years I have ranked the TED Talks below so that you can quickly decide which ones to watch. If you disagree with my rankings, please comment! For those of you who have pointed out my tardiness in publishing this year's list, I apologize. On the bright side, my review is so late that many of the talks are already available to watch on TED.com as you read this, so I have linked to those talks below.

This year the TED staff followed a new process for selecting TED speakers. Rather than simply invite interesting people, they attended TEDx events and selected the best speakers from those. The result was a set of TED Talks that were consistently more engaging and entertaining than in all prior years (especially compared to last year). The only downside is that fewer talks conveyed novel and important news or developments - many offered more form than substance.

So here are almost all of this year's TED Talks in order from best to worst (measured by TED Balloons even though the giant TED Balloon was mysteriously missing this year):

10 TED Balloons



Anas Aremeyaw Anas This undercover journalist exposes horrible crimes in Africa, by inserting himself into prisons, hospitals, and other hotspots of abuse. He has exposed enough powerful bad guys that he had to wear a mask on the TED stage.

Lawrence LessigLessig is such a strong, experienced lecturer that he has an unfair advantage being compared to other speakers! Lessig's talk on the need for legislative reform in Washington is riveting and compelling.


Jack Andraka 15 years old, Jack invented a fast $3 method to detect pancreatic cancer, at a Johns Hopkins lab. He won the Intel Science Fair so I'm presuming it's real!

John McWhorterThis linguist presents a compelling argument on why we should all stop worrying about the decay of English skills among texting teenagers. He reviews the successful adaptation of language to other technologies, and considers how English still evolves today.
Eleanor LongdenDiagnosed with schizophrenia, Eleanor's life was "shattered" with medical treatments, discrimination and isolation. But Eleanor overcame the terror, talked to the voices, and began to understand them. She still hears the voices (even during her TED Talk), but she feels recovered, working as a psychologist herself and counseling people who hear voices.

Adam SpencerAdam shares his enthusiasm for numbers. With lots of self-effacing nerd humor, he gets the audience laughing about math!





9 TED Balloons


Hyonseo Lee A South Korean activist tells the story of her family's escape from North Korea.

 


Elon Musk interview
Elon needs no introduction from me. What a hero, and humble, too.
Taylor WilsonAt 14 he produced fusion, and now he's a Peter Thiel fellow. Taylor came to tell us about his new inventions. This talk is especially inspiring for teens. 



Phil Hansen
This talk is a great life lesson from an artist who had to leave his comfort zone when his hand developed a shake. He embraced the challenge, and even set new limitations on himself to see how he might embrace those as well! For example, what if he could paint only on his own body, or use less than a dollar of supplies, or be forced to destroy whatever he creates?

Freeman Hrabowski
Freeman, President of the University of Maryland, has a mission to help underprivileged minority students graduate in the sciences.  His talk has no real point, but it's stirring and entertaining, with some good stories from his days with Martin Luther King Jr.
"Plant some shit," is the message of this South Central resident. Frustrated with the lack of fresh produce in this low-income part of LA County, Ron began a movement to plant fruit and vegetable gardens on the small grassy areas between sidewalks and streets. First he had to get the police off his back, but now his phone rings off the (proverbial) hook as neighborhoods everywhere want to emulate it. Coincidentally I happened to brunch with Ron at a mutual friend's house two weeks after TED, and he is a riot. 




Hear the inspiring story of a 9 year old Masai boy from Nairobi who took apart a radio and then invented a way to protect his cows from the lions.








Stuart Firestein 
Chairman of the Biology Department at Columbia spoke on Ignorance. As Maxwell said, "Thoroughly conscious ignorance is the prelude to every advance in science." There were 1.5m scientific papers published last year - 3 per minute. Every answer we find raises 10 questions, and so our ignorance expands! This talk was intelligent and entertaining, even if it did lack any real practical point.

Ajit Narayanan
Ajit describes an impressive system for language translation.

The singer-songwriter tells a great story of a Wesleyan coed turned rocker and describes her unusually personal relationship with her fans.


8 TED Balloons



A famous environmentalist explains how he and some others are preserving DNA of extinct species in order to one day to restore those animals to Earth, "undoing harm that humans have caused in the past." He expects the Passenger Pigeon to be their first return guest. (Really?)

This Beijing-based artist is now known as The Invisible Man for his series of politically motivated paintings in which he disappears into various backgrounds.

I normally don't rate the 3-minute audience talks, but this one was great. According to some studies ragarding back pain and heart disease, sitting is the new smoking. So Nilofer adopted "walking meetings" in her job. I have since adopted this practice myself; I love it, as do my meeting guests.

Watch this very funny presentation on how this duck expert won an Ignobel Prize. Warning: includes homosexual animal necrophilia!

Dan makes a compelling case that philanthropies would be far more beneficial if they set aside their obsession with efficiency. Just as for-profits do, charities should be willing to spend money to attract the best and brightest people, and to market their mission to donors. 

Edith gives a great account of how she and two others got the first video ever of giant deep sea squid. Attract the animals - dont scare them.

Beardyman, Champion Beatboxer. 
If TED posts this talk, watch the first five minutes (it's amazing) and skip the rest.


BLACK is the world champion at Yo-yo, which he has now elevated to a performance art.




7 TED Balloons


Miranda Wans and Jeanny Yao
Continuing the theme of teenage inventors, these girls presented their science fair project on how they found bacteria that can break down plastic garbage.

This is an interesting and important talk on the sorry state of sanitation around the world today.

Lisa gives a fun talk on how books have helped her throughout life.




How can we best help our fellow human beings? Princeton Ethics Professor thinks analytically about this question, challenging us to step up our contributions.


6 TED Balloons



Erik Brynjolfsson, MIT Professor
Tech progress is accelerating, and productivity has increased more in the 2000-2010 decade than the prior three decades. It is the New Machine Age where computers enable many other productivity advances, just as prior revolutions did. The internet is digital, exponential, and combinatorial. Today the  growth in productivity comes not from machines themselves but from novel ways to use them. The world's chess champ today is neither the best player nor the best computer - it is a team of good players playing with common computers.

Also when economists measure economic growth, they miss a lot of economic value, such as the $300 billion of free internet content. Incorporating those gains indicates a higher standard of living.

But it's not all sunshine and rose. The tech boom does displace a lot of jobs, so people have to embrace the tech changes and adapt to it.

Later on Erik and I debated as to whether the tech boom of the last decade will ultimately be a net creator or detractor of jobs. Erik says detractor.

Denise Herzing
Denise is the Jane Goodall of Dolphin studies. She studies these self-aware, tool-wileding animals who, next to humans, have the highest ratio of brain-to-body volume.



Rodney Brooks, roboticist
Rodney presented Baxter, a safe friendly industrial robot. Rather than build cold robots that displace people, he believes robots need to be easy, safe and friendly so that workers and consumers embrace them in every part of their home and work life. Baxter is porgrammable simply by moving his arms around as you want him to do.

James Lyne
The founder of Sophos surveys today's cybersecurity threats.


Meg Jay, therapist 
Meg counsels 20-somethings to take life more seriously - not to waste away their decade. (This is the Republican counterpart to Steve Jobs' advice to explore, not worry.) Bad advice, but well delivered!

Disappointing talk by an impressive scientist/engineer/author/inventor.

Alex Laskey
The CEO of Opower gave a well delivered talk. He reported that the best way to get utility customers to conserve energy is to show them how they compare to their neighbors.


Dong Woo Jang
Fun story of a boy's fascination's with bows and arrows. 


5 TED Balloons



Allan discovered that despite common knowledge, animal grazing actually prevents desertification.


4 TED Balloons



Orly Wahba
Orly passes out cards to people reminding them to be kind.

Leyla Acaroglu
Better design can promote conservation.

Neil Gershenfeld, Peter Gabriel, Vint Cerf
This all-star team hopes to extend the internet to species beyond human beings, and not just terrestrial species! Their videos of animals "using the internet" were not compelling.


Celebrated the progress being made in fighting extreme poverty in the world. He promised to give a fact based talk but there was a lot of literal hand-waving and aimless rambling.

3 TED Balloons

Lesley Perkes
Lesley perpetrates a hybrid of art and vandalism in Johannesburg.


This reputable professor came to argue that the secular pattern of economic growth is over, but his presentation was surprisingly lame.

Gordon observed that we saw big advances in the twentieth century due to electricity, plumbing and computers. But now there doesn't seem to be anything on the horizon to drive as much growth in the standard of living and economic growth. He echoed the patent officer who in 1899 declared that everything that can be invented has already been invented, and Lord Kalvin who deemed it impossible to ever again make discoveries in physics. His evidence that innovation is done is that he himself can't figure out what those innovations will be!

Gordon argued that the long term 2% growth rate will be diminished by headwinds of debt and inequality. As if there were never any headwinds in the past, such as war, disease, inequality and recession!

Gordon piled on with ridiculous, grumpy Grandpa comments, like "How does Twitter help an unemployed auto worker?" and "How can there be progress when airplanes go no faster today than they did in the 70's?"


After, he and Erik Brynjolffson debated as to whether things will get better or worse. Erik was respectful and Robert was downright rude and petulant. When Chris polled the audience, Robert blurted out "You cheated!" and then "I saw at least ten hands go up for me that weren't there before!"


Photojournalist showed stunning photos of human suffering, then told how he restored the rainforest to his family land in Brazil, planting 2 million trees. After, his photo journalism became much more upbeat, showing the success of local species including humans.

Michael Green
Michael thinks wooden skyscrapers would be ecologically better than steel, and not fall down, go boom.

Jinsop Lee
Jinsop is an industrial designer who believes that you can improve customer satisfaction by incorporating more senses into every product experience.

Saki Mafundikwa
Saki opened a school of graphics art design in Zimbabwe.

Kate Stone
Kate presents the extraordinary invention of interactive paper. Would have been interesting in 1998.


2 TED Balloons




Yu Jordy Fu
Yu presents photos of her sculptures and interior designs, telling us how beautiful they are. "Wouldn't everyone want this?" Well, no.

Wang Li
Performs "music" on a ukeke and a calabash.


1 TED Balloon



Saskia Sassen
Saskia talks about city development.




          Protestant groups ask African Union to step into Zimbabwe crisis: Ever-worsening government suppression        
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          Zimbabwe's first lady urges Robert Mugabe to name his successor        

Grace Mugabe appears to contradict 93-year-old husband for first time in sign that battle to be country’s next president has intensified

Zimbabwe’s first lady, Grace Mugabe, has challenged her 93-year-old husband Robert to name his preferred successor as president to end deepening divisions over the future leadership of the ruling Zanu-PF party, according to state television.

Robert Mugabe, Africa’s oldest leader, has ruled the former British colony since independence in 1980 but has insisted that Zanu-PF, and not him, should choose his successor.

Continue reading...
          Son of Cecil the lion killed by trophy hunter        

Six-year-old Xanda was shot and killed by hunters when he roamed outside the protected area of the Hwange national park in Zimbabwe

A son of Cecil the lion has been killed by trophy hunters in Zimbabwe, meeting the same fate as his father whose death in 2015 caused a global outcry.

Xanda was six years old and had fathered a number of cubs himself. He was shot on 7 July just outside the Hwange national park, not far from where Cecil died, but news of the death only became public on Thursday.

Related: Cecil the lion's legacy: death brings new hope for his grandcubs

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          Robert Mugabe ruling Zimbabwe from hospital bed, says opposition        

Claim follows reports that 93-year-old president is undergoing medical treatment in Singapore for third time this year

Robert Mugabe’s third trip to Singapore this year for medical treatment has prompted accusations that the 93-year old president is ruling Zimbabwe from a hospital bed.

Mugabe is reported to have flown to the city state on Friday, prompting the ruling Zanu-PF party to cancel a youth rally that he had been scheduled to attend, suggesting that his latest trip was unplanned. A minister told the Standard newspaper that it was a private visit.

Related: Robert Mugabe 'not sleeping, just resting his eyes'

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          Ten more elephants poisoned by poachers in Zimbabwe        

The elephants were killed in the Hwange national park by what has become a common means of poaching

Ten elephants, including a mother and her young calf, have been found poisoned in and around Zimbabwe’s premier game reserve, Hwange national park. Six of the animals died in the south of the park last week; some had their tusks hacked off. The others were found outside the northern sector of the park in state forestry land.

Park rangers responded quickly. A bucket of poison was found near the gruesome scene in the north and three arrests were made over the weekend. One of those arrested was found in possession of ivory.

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          Mozambique: 6,000 animals to rewild park is part-funded by trophy hunting        

Donation of animals by Zimbabwe wildlife conservancy to stock war-torn park could not have happened without big-spending hunters

Call it Noah’s Ark on lorries. Dozens of trucks rolled over the Zimbabwe savanna carrying elephants, giraffe, African buffalo, zebras, and numerous other large iconic mammals. Driving more than 600km of dusty roadway, the trucks will deliver their wild loads to a new home: Zinave national park in Mozambique. The animals are a donation from Mozambique’s Sango Wildlife Conservancy – a gift that the owner, Wilfried Pabst, says would not be possible without funds from controversial trophy hunting.

“In remote places and countries with a weak tourism industry and a high unemployment rate, it is very difficult – or almost impossible – to run a conservancy like Sango without income from sustainable utilisation,” Pabst said.

Is that what we are calling conservation?

Related: What if we gave universal income to people in biodiversity hotpots?

Related: Cecil's legacy: could the death of one lion start a conservation movement?

Conservation is a great challenge that can only be achieved if we perceive Africa differently

Continue reading...
          Robert Mugabe begins speaking tour across Zimbabwe aged 93        

Longstanding president, who has appeared frail and slurred his words in public recently, is seeking re-election next year

Robert Mugabe has launched a 10-venue speaking tour across Zimbabwe aimed at drumming up support ahead of elections next year when he plans to seek office again.

The 93-year-old president, who appeared in better health than at other recent public appearances, spoke for an hour-and-a-half on Friday at a rally outside Harare attended by several thousand Zanu-PF supporters.

Related: He’s 93 and frail, but Mugabe pledges to carry on ruling

Related: Robert Mugabe could contest election as corpse, says wife

Continue reading...
          UK downplayed killings in Zimbabwe to guard its interests, study claims        

Officials in London accused of being ‘wilfully blind’ to massacre of thousands by Robert Mugabe in 1980s

British officials repeatedly downplayed the massacre of thousands of innocent civilians by Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe in the 1980s to protect the UK’s interests in southern Africa and their relationship with the former colony’s new ruler, new research has claimed.

According to thousands of documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by Dr Hazel Cameron, a lecturer in international relations at the University of St Andrews in Scotland, British officials in London and Zimbabwe were “intimately aware” of the atrocities but consistently minimised their scale.

Continue reading...
          Robert Mugabe 'not sleeping, just resting his eyes'        

Zimbabwe’s 93-year-old president has been photographed seemingly nodding off at several conferences, but his spokesman says it’s an optical affliction

Robert Mugabe is not sleeping in meetings – as a series of images would suggest. In fact, his PR man has said, he is simply resting his eyes.

The state-run Herald newspaper on Thursday quoted spokesman George Charamba as saying the 93-year-old Zimbabwean president has a medical condition that means his eyes can’t handle bright lights.

#Mugabe sleeping at the #WEF during a discussion on youth involvement in decision making. Sad.... pic.twitter.com/OYQjuTkFE3

#Ghana is 60 and ongoing is the independence day parade. Mugabe is caught sleeping while ceremony is ongoing. #Ghana60YearsOn pic.twitter.com/5qajyiFnUw

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          Asylum limbo: the woman who can't stay in Britain, but can't leave either        

When she applied for asylum in Britain it was refused. And when she applied to return home, that was rejected too. Zimbabwean Paradzai Nkomo describes how her quest for freedom turned into a 15-year nightmare

Paradzai Nkomo’s emailed description of her situation is succinct and shocking. She is Zimbabwean and has been in Britain for 15 years. First her application for asylum was rejected and then her request to be deported home was also refused, leaving her stuck in limbo.

“It’s difficult to integrate as I am not permitted to work. Conversation becomes repetitive because of not doing anything apart from looking out of a damp, drenched window day after day. Hiding malnutrition under borrowed clothes,” she writes. “A quest for freedom has now turned into a hellish nightmare. I feel as though death may be the only way out of this.”

Continue reading...
          Harare's park bench grandmas: 'I speak to them and feel a load is lifted off my heart'        

One in four Zimbabweans suffers from mental illness, but untrained female health workers are setting a new benchmark for the treatment of patients

The therapy room is a patch of waste ground, and the therapist’s couch a wooden bench under a tree. The therapist is an elderly Zimbabwean woman, in a long brown dress and headscarf.

Her patients call her “Grandmother” when they come along to sit on her bench and discuss their feelings, their depression or other mental health issues.

Related: Mental health experts in Sierra Leone aim to pluck out heart of Ebola mystery | Ryan Lenora Brown

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          Therapy on a bench: the grandmas beating mental illness in Harare – video        

One in four people in Zimbabwe experiences mental health problems but there are only 13 psychiatrists in the country. To help plug the gap, Dixon Chibanda has developed a scheme to train an army of grandmothers, who offer a listening ear on park benches. The scheme challenges the stigma surrounding mental health and provides the women with company

Continue reading...
          UK child deportations of 50s: 'most catastrophic child abuse' in memory        

Investigator Margaret Humphreys tells UK inquiry that slavery, abuse, identity theft and lies, were human rights violations

The deportation of thousands of British children to Australia, Canada and Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), created the most catastrophic child abuse legacy in living memory, the national inquiry into child sexual abuse has been told.

The author and social worker Margaret Humphreys, who exposed the scale and suffering of tens of thousands of British children taken from families under the child migrant scheme – a policy that relocated children to areas of the Commonwealth, from the 40s to the 70s – said the physical and sexual abuse, conditions of slavery and terror, removal of identities, and lies that suggested the youngsters’ parents were dead, amounted to a catalogue of crimes against the children.

Related: Britain's child migrant programme: why 130,000 children were shipped abroad

Related: National child abuse inquiry to hold first public hearings after controversy

Related: Man sent as child from UK to Australia tells abuse inquiry: name the villains

Related: Lawyers back call for national child abuse inquiry to name perpetrators

Continue reading...
          He’s 93 and frail, but Mugabe pledges to carry on ruling        

Marking his birthday with a 93kg cake and a rally with loyal fans, the president is in no hurry to quit despite the chaos of his rule

There were dancers, musicians, singers and flag-waving students – and, astonishingly, a break in the belts of rain that had been sweeping in across the sodden plains from the Matopo hills for days.

On the podium raised above a muddy school sports field in south-west Zimbabwe, Robert Gabriel Mugabe stepped up to the microphone. Wearing a white shirt, black tie, black cowboy hat and a jacket covered in his own portrait, Mugabe, in power since 1980, stood to thank his supporters for joining him to celebrate last week’s 93rd birthday which was, he said, “yet another chapter in my life”.

Continue reading...
          Robert Mugabe marks 93rd birthday with praise for Donald Trump        

Zimbabwe president drops no hint that he plans to relinquish power in interview in which he appears to be struggling to keep his eyes open

Robert Mugabe, the president of Zimbabwe, celebrated his 93rd birthday on Tuesday by pledging to remain in power despite growing signs of frailty, and endorsing Donald Trump’s brand of American nationalism.

“When it comes to Donald Trump, on the one hand talking of American nationalism … America for Americans … on that we agree: Zimbabwe for Zimbabweans,” said Mugabe, who took power in the former British colony in 1980.

Related: Robert Mugabe could contest election as corpse, says wife

Related: Zimbabwean pastor who led anti-Mugabe protests arrested in Harare

Related: Mugabe launches new currency in 'last gamble' for Zimbabwe

Continue reading...
          Robert Mugabe could contest election as corpse, says wife        

Grace Mugabe tells supporters that Zimbabwe’s 92-year-old president should be on ballot even if he dies

Zimbabwe’s 92-year-old president, Robert Mugabe, should run “as a corpse” in next year’s election if he dies before the vote, his wife has said.

Grace Mugabe accused some ruling Zanu-PF party officials of plotting to take over from her husband and said that if he dies supporters should put his name on the ballot to show their love for him.

Related: Don’t mess with Grace Mugabe – she could be the next president of Zimbabwe | David Smith

Continue reading...
          Rare 'cave squeaker' frog seen in Zimbabwe for first time in 55 years        

Team of researchers discover three of the frogs once listed as possibly extinct in first reported sighting since 1962

A rare frog that had not been seen in decades has been found in Zimbabwe, researchers have said.

The Arthroleptis troglodytes, also known as the “cave squeaker” because of its preferred habitat, was discovered in 1962, but there were no reported sightings since then. An international red list of threatened species tagged the frog as critically endangered and possibly extinct.

Related: Will turtles and tourism always be at loggerheads?

Continue reading...
          British barrister accused of child abuse had been charged in killing of teen        

John Smyth, who is alleged to have abused boys while running Christian summer camps, had been charged with killing boy in Zimbabwe

A British barrister who allegedly abused boys while running Christian summer camps was later charged in connection with the killing of a teenage boy in Zimbabwe.

John Smyth QC left the UK after details of his alleged physical abuse of public schoolboys who attended the camps emerged in 1982.

Related: Church 'could have done more' over John Smyth abuse claims

Continue reading...
          Zimbabwean pastor who led anti-Mugabe protests arrested in Harare        

Evan Mawarire detained at airport on return home from US and charged with subverting government, lawyer says

A Zimbabwean pastor accused last year of trying to overthrow the government after helping launch protests against President Robert Mugabe has been arrested after flying home from the US.

Evan Mawarire was detained at Harare airport, according to his lawyer. He was charged with subverting a constitutionally elected government and would probably spend the night in custody, Harrison Nkomo said.

Related: 'Now we are waking up': Zimbabwe protests leader seeks international help

Continue reading...
          Rhodesia issues ‘scorched earth’ threat – archive, 27 January 1966        

27 January 1966: Following its declaration of independence, Rhodesia says it will take drastic action to resist UK attempts to retake the southern African state

Salisbury, January 26
Rhodesia would adopt a scorched earth policy if Britain attempted to take over the country by force, said the Acting Minister of Information, Mr van der Byl, in an emotional address here today.

The only way Rhodesia could be crushed would be by force, he said. But “Everything in the path of an advancing army would be destroyed – all amenities and installations,” he added. “If Harold Wilson were to prevail in this country he would take over a smoking ruin and a desert. The Russians had the fortitude to adopt a policy of scorched earth and so have we.”

Related: Rhodesia issues unilateral declaration of independence: archive, 12 Nov 1965

Related: Journalists bewildered by Rhodesia black list: archive, 6 April 1966

Continue reading...
          Horror Headlines: Thursday October 27th, 2011        
In Real People News: 

I blame "True Blood" for this one. A Zimbabwean man was recently caught making dirty love to a donkey and when questioned by police explained that said donkey was actually a shape shifting hooker. Wait, is prostitution legal in Zimbabwe?

Got to give this guy points for style. A Colorado man reported his date as a burglar when his girlfriend came home and caught the two of them together. It didn't fly of course but it was worth a shot.

News Bullet: 

Remember when Anne Hathaway hosted the Oscars and I decided I hated her? Probably not because you never call anymore. Well Anne has signed on to star in a new thriller simply titled "Puzzler". On top of that she'll also be taking on the producer role for the first time. Maybe she can get back on my good side again if she produces those boobies on camera again.

Martin Scorsese looks to have his eye on a big screen adaptation of Jo Nesbo's "The Snowman". The story focuses on a detective investigating the murder of a woman in Oslo, Norway that appears to be the handy work of a serial killer. I don't want to get my hopes up but if the killer turns out to be a troll this might be the greatest movie ever made.

"I Am Legend" scribe Mark Protosevich has been hand picked by Mr. Steven Spielberg to put pen to paper for the much anticipated "Jurassic Park 4". Protosevich comes as no surprise to me as Spielberg's selection. With those baby blue eyes and rugged good looks he must have blown the judges away during the swimsuit competition.

Here's some new sales art for Rob Zombie's "The Lords of Salem" that looks like a crappy show flyer for the worst local punk band ever.


          Feminism FTW        

Oh Emma Watson, I <3 you so much. Thank you for putting this issue into words so eloquently. I've tried (and often failed) to explain the ideas behind feminism as gender neutral; to justify the term "feminism;" and to find a way to call out those who equate feminism with misandry with such grace and poise.

Feminism isn't just about women and girls. It's about people, and acknowledging that for equality, the female half of things needs a boost. But like she says in her video, feminism is also about changing hurtful barriers for males, too. Feminism isn't just about females - it's about making sure that little girls born in Albania or Zimbabwe get the same chance at a successful, fulfilling life as do baby boys born in America or Zambia.


I seriously cannot recommend this speech enough. Hermione would be proud.



          Stop Red Bill Ad Campaign to Go Up on NYC Subway Platforms        


“Stop Red Bill” Coalition Runs Bus Ads Exposing de Blasio’s Ties to Islamic Supremacists and Communists

NEW YORK, October 24: A newly formed coalition of human rights activists and advocates for fiscal responsibility has submitted an ad to the MTA to run the week before the election, telling the truth about the front runner in the mayoral race, Bill de Blasio.

The leader of the Stop Red Bill coalition, Pamela Geller, explained that the ad was necessary because the mainstream media is not telling New Yorkers the disturbing details of de Blasio’s career, associations, and plans for the city.

Said Geller in a statement: “We held a press conference Thursday that was widely announced to expose the subversive, seditious and Communist candidate for New York mayor, arguably a job that is second in importance only to that of President of the United States. We exposed the Marxist and terrorist ties of Warren Wilhelm, aka Bill de Blasio.”

The media had been advised of this press conference repeatedly over the last several weeks. “However,” Geller continued, “No media was present. If a Soros-funded group like Media Matters or the Center for American Progress had announced that it was holding a press conference to expose Joe Lhota, there would have been a stampede.”

Geller concluded: “Therein lies the problem. Is it any wonder that this Marxist is 50 points ahead in the polls? De Blasio’s 50-point lead speaks to a larger problem: not just the low-information voter, but the no-information voter. This is why we created the Stop Red Bill committee, and we will be running advertisements across the New York City transit system.”

The ad reads:

STOP RED BILL
·      He’ll endanger New Yorkers by stopping counter-terror surveillance programs
·      He’ll wallop NY businesses with crippling new taxes
·      He partners with vicious terror-aligned foes of Israel
·      He supported bloody Communist terrorists in Central America
·      He has called for the gagging of his political foes

Geller explained:

Bill de Blasio plans that he will not allow surveillance of jihadi suspects and terror mosques. This although two New Yorkers were charged with plotting jihad terror attacks in the last week. And since 9/11, there have been plots against the Brooklyn Bridge, the subway system, the Stock Exchange, Citigroup headquarters, the Garment District, the PATH train, JFK Airport, Long Island Railroad, synagogues in the Bronx and Manhattan, Times Square, and more.

De Blasio has a great deal to hide: he has had a number of aliases and name changes. And it’s not surprising that he would want to cover up his past. He has aided the brutal Communist Sandinistas and ‘Palestinian’ jihadists, although he has scrubbed that from his website. He even supported the bloodthirsty President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe.

Newly available documents from his years on the New York City Council years show him interfering with the work of the Manhattan district attorney when a New York teacher named Steve Quester was facing prison for working with jihad terrorists in Gaza, Judea and Samaria. Quester called suicide bombers “desperate and hopeless” and said that “all the heartbreak flows directly from Israel's policy” of “occupying the Palestinian territories.”And he recently appeared at a Muslims for de Blasio rally with Linda Sarsour, who has called Zionism “racism.”

His plans to increase taxes are the death knell of the city. The fact is, nearly half this city’s job growth has come from health care and social services. Who’s going to pay for it if he kills the businessman?


          Stop Red Bill        
Deblasio

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Hillary Clinton Hosts Fundraiser for Red Bill De Blasio Co-Chaired by Convicted Criminal
NYC Mayor Candidate Bill de Blasio Supported Sandinistas, Active Allies of "Palestinian" Jihadists
De Blasio Tells Muslims He’ll End Broad NYPD Spying If Elected
"Muslims for de Blasio" Rally: De Blasio stands shoulder to shoulder with terror apologist who calls Zionism “racism”
Bill de Blasio's (nee Wilhelm) support for jihad against Israel
NYC Mayoral Candidate De Blasio supported suppressing internal dissent, clamping down on a free press, antisemitism and persecuting the church and labor unions
NYC Mayoral Race: Join me at Press Conference Exposing de Blasio, October 24, Hotel Pennsylvania

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Sunday, October 20, 2013

Thursday, October 17, 2013

Wednesday, October 16, 2013

Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Monday, October 14, 2013

          Hebarmas & Derrida        
BOOK REVIEW:

The Two Gentlemen of EuropePhilosophy in a Time of Terror: Dialogues with Jurgen Habermas and Jacques Derrida,

edited by Giovanna Borradori.

reviewed by Piyush Mathur [from Asia Times]

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Front_Page/FE15Aa01.html

I would have been grateful if Giovanna Borradori had titled this book more reasonably, and called it, instead, "9/11: Dialogues with Jurgen Habermas and Jacques Derrida". Then, I would not have had to remind us, as I must now, that no two European gentlemen, topmost philosophers as they might be, can (be made to) represent philosophy any more than Osama bin Laden can (be made to) represent all the terrorists in the world, or September 11 to symbolize or even epitomize all the terror since the attacks on the twin towers or through history.

Likewise, much of humanity has not seen a time without terror for a very long time; so, those cognizant of that interminable terror world-wide are apt to chuckle at the inherent claim in the book's title to an onset of terror. Terror has been far too pervasive for far too long for one to come up and declare the contemporary times as a time of terror - and then pretend to offer some new philosophy strictly responsive to it.

The politics of representation are rather important to this book; had they not been, I would have perhaps stopped short of being so brusque for a start as above or nit-picky with the title. As a manufactured intellectual product, Philosophy in a Time of Terror embodies a sweeping normative claim to knowing what constitutes philosophy, terror and philosophy in a time of terror. As a collection of interviews with Habermas and Derrida, the book has us encounter the most authoritative representatives - the mutually dissenting founding fathers - respectively, of the streams of thought called the Second Frankfurt School (in Germany) and Deconstruction (in France). Through her interviews and their explanations, Borradori also frames Habermas and Derrida as spokesmen for philosophy, Europe and European philosophy.

The representative character of the book is strengthened by the fact that Habermas and Derrida have previously taken it on themselves - with sufficient legitimacy, I believe - to represent and address Europe on the level of philosophy and to articulate its composite conceptual or intellectual futures. (Perhaps more often that that, they have been called on by concerned communities to do the same.) Finally, Borradori has brought out the book as a follow-up to a concerted popular-press offensive by leading European philosophers against American foreign policy and in response to the global cultural-political scenario post September 11. (That line of action was spearheaded by Habermas and had received the attention of significant sections of the global literati.)

Of course, these noble, clearly aggrieved individuals - these traumatized members of the European academic noblesse, if you will - had bigger issues in mind as well: the possible political role and cultural identity of Europe, America and the West; the future effects of the American empire; the future of human rights, peace, democracy, citizenship, globalization, capitalism, Islamic politics, and so on. Insofar as most academics - elite, European, or otherwise - do not condescend to the journalistic sphere to share their wisdom with the rest of the literate populace, or are not allowed into that sphere thanks to the "quality-conscious" editors of the popular press, a joint surprise by these philosophers and their pop-editors had then felt nice!

Now, insofar as "an awful lot of" academic work is clerical (per Noam Chomsky's cynical estimate), and the larger part of journalistic analysis world wide is little more than propaganda on behalf of the powerful and the ethically misguided (in my view), it is, yet again, a welcome scenario whereby we could read these influential philosophical figures in this book on issues of immediate public relevance. For all that, Borradori has to be complimented for orchestrating these interviews even though my first advice to the reader would be to ignore all the entries in the book by Borradori herself (excepting the brilliantly phrased questions). Besides being insipid and shallow, Borradori's entries - the preface, introduction, and two lengthy "explanations" -are pointless and, in many ways, misleading.

Habermas' standpointAs for the responses by Habermas: I regret to say that his regular-academic-fans are unlikely to find much new; those who keep up with the popular press shall have a similar experience as far as thinking about the global situation post September 11 is concerned. The banality of Habermas' observations is particularly evident in the sections on the interconnections between "the West" and the rest (especially the Islamic world). In those sections, he reiterates the conventional belief in the internal cultural cohesiveness of the West, characterized as a "materialist" and "secularizing force" (pg 33) - and as a "scapegoat for the Arab world's own, very real experiences of loss, suffered by populations torn out of their cultural traditions during processes of accelerated modernization" (pg 32).

Habermas contrasts that "accelerated modernization" of the Arab world with the modernization of Europe "experienced under more favorable circumstances as a process of productive destruction" (pg 32). Missing are any references to the protracted history of colonialism and slavery - the two factors that fueled the economics of European modernization in the main and were anything but productive as far as world history is concerned.

Coupled with the preclusion of those two factors from Habermas's view of modern, contemporary Europe is his erroneous belief that "We in the West do live in peaceful and well-to-do societies [which] contain a structural violence that ... we have gotten used to [such as] unconscionable social inequality, degrading discrimination, pauperization, and marginalization..." (pg 35). As far as I am concerned, Habermas defaults there by exercising the we/they logic, pre-securing a highly selective, comfortable strata of an industrialized region for the denomination of "the West", and continuing to be convinced about peace and welfare within that region even beyond September 11 - presumably, also, at the exclusion of a variety of prior, rather sustained, experiences in both large-scale and sporadic violence in Eastern Europe, (the former) USSR, Italy, Spain, and, for that matter, Greece and Turkey.

In any case, World War II did not occur that long ago to be erased already from the image of modern Europe/the West/the world. Furthermore, within the so-called homeland of the United States (presumably included in Habermas' West), no accounting of terrorism or peace in the contemporary times could be complete without reference to the deaths and injury from regular gun violence.

We are also at a complete loss as to whether Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Singapore and Hong Kong are included in Habermas' West - and, if not, why not. The mixed cultures and racial histories of the Caribbean islands and Latin America further complicate any preclusive, peaceful picture of the West. For all the above reasons, Habermas' West, entirely in line with the standard populist notions about the same, is at least twice fictitious - once, on the level of geographical, racial, and cultural identities; and, again, on the level of its own civic and political image.

Realizing the fallacious foundations of Habermas' political vision allows us to grasp why he would also seek an ultimately evangelical role for "the West" in the post-September 11 scenario. As such, what "the West could learn" from September 11, according to Habermas, is "how it would need to change its politics if it wants to be perceived as a shaping power with a civilizing impact" (pg 36).

There is a great deal of self-centrism tucked inside the syntactical layers of the above statement - very little of which points to any genuine learning agenda. So here we have a philosopher who sounds like a diplomat or a public relations officer worried about how others perceive his own: somebody needs to remind him that a civilizing power does not itself need to be either civil or civilized, and it matters only that much as to who perceives what and whether. Indeed, many a civilizing power through the history has been something other than civil or civilized: perhaps some compromise with one's own civility is a precondition to one's participation in any civilizing mission.


Derrida's confessions

I call Derrida's responses "confessions" because, while being incisive, they point inwardly and are otherwise calibrated well cognitively, idiomatically and politically. He invites us to question the meaning of "9/11" and to wonder about why it has become such a universal term of reference. He reasons that the significance attached to September 11 has to do with the fact that "the world order that felt itself targeted through this violence is dominated largely by the Anglo-American idiom" - which in turn dominates "the world stage ... international law, diplomatic institutions, the media, and the greatest technoscientific, capitalistic, and military power" (pg 88).

For all that, but also for a number of other reasons - such as the endlessness of the American territory and interest, the prior training of the September 11 attackers within the US, "the formation of Arab Muslim terrorist networks equipped and trained during the Cold War", and the "politico-military circumstances" perpetrated by the United States that favored the "emergence" and "shifts in allegiance" of the ilk of bin Laden - Derrida deems September 11 as suicide rather than homicide (pg 91-95). Since September 11 was a literal suicide attack, Derrida calls it a "double suicide" - but he deems it less than an event insofar as it did not fulfill the criterion of surprise or incomprehensibility (pg 95). "It was not impossible," he correctly argues, "to foresee an attack on American soil by those called 'terrorists' ... against a highly sensitive, spectacular, extremely symbolic building or institution" (pg 91).

In general, then, Derrida persuades us to view September 11, its fall-out, and world affairs on the whole from this resolutely internalized, internalizing perspective - in which, insofar as American interests know no end, the discursive comprehension of the attacks can only be a domestic responsibility for everybody. The present-day global terror thus turns out to be "an autoimmunity terror" - rather than an attack from the outsiders - especially for the Americans and Europeans. "The United States and Europe," Derrida stresses, "are also sanctuaries, places of training or formation and information for all the 'terrorists' of the world. No geography, no 'territorial' determination, is thus pertinent any longer for locating the seat of these new technologies of transmission or aggression" (pg 101).

Because contemporary global terror is an internal matter, its "repression ... whether it be through the police, the military, or the economy - ends up producing, reproducing, and regenerating the very thing it seeks to disarm" (pg 99). In such a scenario, Derrida argues, "the 'bombs' will never be 'smart' enough to prevent the victims (military and/or civilian, another distinction that has become less and reliable) from responding, either in person or by proxy, with what it will then be easy for them to present as legitimate reprisals or as counterterrorism. And so on ad infinitum ..." (pg 100).

The relationship between territory and terrorism remains a central issue to Derrida's formulations. He underlines that the popularization of the word "terrorism" in political history is traceable to "the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution, a terror that was carried out in the name of the state and that in fact presupposed a legal monopoly on violence" (pg 103). He also points to the "terrorism carried out by the Algerian rebellion", which "was long considered a domestic phenomenon insofar as Algeria was supposed to be an integral part of French national territory", whereas "the French terrorism of the time (carried out by the state) was presented as a police operation for internal security" (pg 104). He notes: "It was only in the 1990s, decades later, that the French Parliament retrospectively conferred the status of "war" (and thus the status of an international confrontation) upon this conflict so as to be able to pay the pensions of the 'veterans' who claimed them" (pg 104).

As such, the criteria for defining "international terrorism" remain "obscure, dogmatic, and precritical" (pg 103). Citing the hasty post-September 11 authorization by the United Nations to the United States "to use any means ... to protect itself against this so-called 'international terrorism'", Derrida argues that "the more confused the concept the more it lends itself to an opportunistic appropriation" (pg 103-104).

As if to address that problem, and in response to Borradori's questions, Derrida normatively defines the future philosopher - "philosopher-deconstructor" - as someone who would reflect responsibly on the definitional questions related to terrorism and "demand accountability from those in charge of public discourses [and] the language and institutions of international law" (pg 106). Such a philosopher would also articulate the effective relationship between "our philosophical heritage and the structure of the still dominant [and mutating] juridico-political system"; she/he would also seek "a new criteriology to distinguish between 'comprehending' and 'justifying' [terrorism]" (pg 106).

Of course, and even if by default, Derrida sets himself up as a prototype of precisely such a philosopher. Having called into question the standard perceptions of (international) terrorism, he asserts: "One can thus condemn unconditionally, as I do here, the attack of September 11 without having to ignore the real or alleged conditions that made it possible" (pgs 106-107). Blaming "the technoeconomic power of the media" for reinforcing the "narrow meaning" for terrorism, he points out that terrorism does not always depend on a "conscious subject" - but may gain its own, independent operative momentum (pg 109).

As a corollary, Derrida argues that "maximum media coverage was in the common interest of the perpetrators of 'September 11', the terrorists, and those who, in the name of the victims, wanted to declare 'war on terrorism' "(pg 108). "In both cases," he observes, "certain parties have an interest in presenting their adversaries not only as terrorists ... but only as terrorists, indeed as 'international terrorists' who share the same logic or are part of the same network and who must thus be opposed ... not through counterterrorism but through a 'war', meaning, of course, a 'nice clean' war" (pg 110). Derrida's verdict is that "these distinctions are lacking in rigor, impossible to maintain, and easily manipulated for certain ends" (pg 110).

Regarding a long-term response to the post-September 11 scenario, Derrida urges respect for international law and institutions (pg 114); advocates resisting "American hegemony" rather than the United States (pg 117); accepts the necessity of "a unified [and autonomous] military force" for Europe (pg 119); underlines his personal utopian trust in the perfectibility of the ever-imperfect world (pgs 113, 114, 115); argues in favor of the ethic of "hospitality" rather than mere "tolerance" (pgs 126-129); rallies support for human rights (pg 132); recommends using Europe's Enlightenment experience "in the relationship between the political and ... the religious" on a world scale (pg 117); and puts forward his idea of "democracy to come" - as an advance over state - and polity-centered prior notions such as cosmopolitanism and world citizenship (pg 130).

That said, Derrida does not advocate anarchy nor does he seek to dilute or negate the political. "We must," he insists, "be dutiful beyond duty, we must go beyond law, tolerance, conditional hospitality, economy, and so on. But to go beyond does not mean to discredit that which we exceed" (pg 133).


Concluding remarks

Derrida's reflections are unquestionably worthy for their stress on conceptual reformulation of terrorism, as is Habermas's leadership of fellow European philosophers to their famous journalistic intervention past the September 11 attacks. The drama of this entire intervention, however, actually points up the duo's erstwhile neglect of vital and long-standing issues in global politics as played out within the public, activist, and journalistic spheres. So, at best, these two individuals make an arduously late pop-up on the effective global public stage (contrast them, for example, with Noam Chomsky and Edward Said); at worst, they are academic tigers now determined to get out of their jungle.

For all that, I am not so confident of Derrida's confident responses to Borradori's questions related to the role and place of philosophy in a time of terror. The philosophizing of terror and terrorism - their sophisticated defining and redefining - took place elsewhere and was done by a whole host of other intellectuals, writers, activists and politicians.

Dating back to the 1960s are of course the political and strategic analyses - an elaborate contention against standard notions about terror and terrorism - by Chomsky and Said. In addition are Ashis Nandy's direct and rather insightful reflections on terrorism in the early 1990s - well before bin Laden was picked up by the press - as is his brilliant essay in the wake of the September 11 attacks in "The Romance of the State" (2002). Likewise, James Der Derian provided cogent theoretical formulations on the topic in his book Antidiplomacy: Spies, Terror, Speed, and War (1992). In most ways, Vandana Shiva's ecofeminist exposes, dating back to the 1980s, are de facto philosophical treatises on various kinds of terrorism as are the political tracts brought out more recently by Arundhati Roy - and, far prior to that, by Hannah Arendt.

Then, we have such political stalwarts as Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr and Aung Sang Su-Ki, to mention just a few. Almost each one of the above has directly "questioned" terror and terrorism. However, Habermas and Derrida - unlike Chomsky, Said and Nandy (also academics) - do not even acknowledge them as such and the cosmopolitan traditions of thought and action of which many of them are a part.

So long as Habermas and Derrida - and their associates - stick to their intellectual provincialism and academic and textual purism, they shouldn't expect to make much more than the "embarrassing" splash of a latecomer through such occasional public interventions as the present one.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Piyush Mathur, PhD, an alumnus of JNU, New Delhi, and Virginia Tech, USA, is an independent observer of world affairs, the environment, science and technology policy, and literature.

Philosophy in a Time of Terror: Dialogues with Jurgen Habermas and Jacques Derrida, edited by Giovanna Borradori, Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003; ISBN: 0-226-0664-9 (cloth); 208 pages; US $25.

(Copyright 2004 Asia Times Online Ltd. All rights reserved. Please contact content@atimes.com for information on our sales and syndication policies.)
          The #1 Ball in Golf: 2017 Wins        

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Honda Classic Rickie Fowler Pro V1
Puerto Rico Open D.A. Points Pro V1x
Shell Houston Open Russell Henley Pro V1x
Zurich Classic of New Orleans Cameron Smith and Jonas Blixt Pro V1x
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AT&T Byron Nelson Championship Billy Horschel Pro V1x
DEAN & DELUCA Invitational Kevin Kisner Pro V1
The Memorial Tournament Jason Dufner Pro V1x
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Travelers Championship Jordan Spieth Pro V1x
Quicken Loans National Kyle Stanley Pro V1
RBC Canadian Open Jhonattan Vegas Pro V1
     
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Alfred Dunhill Championship Brandon Stone Pro V1
BMW South African Open Graeme Storm Pro V1x
Abu Dhabi HSBC Championship Tommy Fleetwood Pro V1x
Commercial Bank Qatar Masters Jeung-hun Wang Pro V1x
Maybank Championship Fabrizio Zanotti Pro V1
World Super 6 Perth Brett Rumford Pro V1x
Joburg Open Darren Fichardt Pro V1x
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Shenzhen International Bernd Wiesberger Pro V1
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Nordea Masters Renato Paratore Pro V1x
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THE 146th OPEN CHAMPIONSHIP Jordan Spieth Pro V1x
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          HUMAN RIGHTS IN 2010: THE CIRI REPORT        
In conjunction with Human Rights Day, 2011, the CIRI Human Rights Data Project releases its ratings of government respect for 16 internationally-recognized human rights in almost every country in the world for the year 2010. The CIRI project's data stretch back, annually, to 1981 and can be freely accessed at www.humanrightsdata.org

The CIRI data are used by governments, scholars, international organizations, businesses, think tanks, and students the world over for a wide variety of purposes. The project is Co-Directed by Dr. David L. Cingranelli (Binghamton University) and Dr. David L. Richards (University of Connecticut) and assisted by Senior CIRI Associate K. Chad Clay (University of Georgia). Any inquiries may be addressed to info@humanrightsdata.org

Below, we present four types of stories from this year's released data:


THE BEST AND WORST of 2010

All 14 of CIRI's indicators of particular human rights can be summed into an overall human rights score for each country in the world. The top (best) score a country can receive is 30, while the worst score would be 0. The world average was 18 and the USA scored 26 (tied for 5th place). Below are the best and worst of 2010.

Top 13 Countries:

Denmark [30]
Iceland [30]
Austria [29]
New Zealand [29]
Norway [29]
Australia [28]
Belgium [28]
Finland [28]
Liechtenstein [28]
Luxembourg [28]
Netherlands [28]
San Marino [28]
Sweden [28]


Bottom 10 Countries:

Burma [2]
Eritrea [2]
Iran [2]
China [3]

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of [3]
Yemen [3]
Zimbabwe [3]
Saudi Arabia [4]
Congo, Democratic Republic of [5]
Nigeria [5]


THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

On May 20, 2011, the United Nations elected 15 new members of the UN Human Rights Council. Here are their total CIRI human rights scores for 2010, out of a possible 30 points. Six out of the fifteen new members had scores below the world average of 18 for the year 2010. Below are the scores for each new member:

Austria         [29]
Benin          [16]
Botswana     [22]
Burkina Faso    [20]
Republic of Congo  [18]  
Chile             [26]
Costa Rica     [26]
Czech Republic   [24]
India               [10]
Indonesia        [13]
Italy               [24]
Kuwait          [11]
Peru              [18]
Philippines     [15]
Romania        [17]


DECLINE IN RESPECT FOR PHYSICAL INTEGRITY RIGHTS

The CIRI Index of Physical Integrity Rights measure's a government's overall level of respect for four rights: torture, extrajudicial killing, political imprisonment, disappearance. The index ranges from 0 (no respect for any of these four rights) to 8 (full respect for all four of these rights). In 2008-2009, the world saw an overall average increase in these rights of .047. However, a reversal of this improvement was seen from 2009-2010, with it's overall average decline in respect of -.031. In particular 2009-2010 saw the following dramatic changes:

Three Countries Lost 3 Points (Violations Increased)

Croatia
Georgia
Panama

Seven Countries Gained 2 Points (Violations Decreased)

Angola
Chad
Chile
Guinea
Italy
Kenya
Seychelles

The fact that the CIRI data stretch back in time to 1981 allows for longitudinal comparison. For example, the graph below shows how regional averages of respect for physical integrity rights have changed over the years:



MORE TORTURE

An important part of this overall decline in respect for physical integrity rights comes from a continuing degradation, globally, of respect for the right not to be tortured. For example, 2009-2010 saw 17 countries engage in more torture, while only 8 engaged in less torture. Below is the list of these countries. CIRI's indicator of government respect for torture is as follows: (0) Frequent/systematic torture, (1) Moderate/occasional torture (2) No reported/confirmed episodes of
torture.

Increased Torture, 2009-2010

Austria
Bahrain
Canada
Congo, Republic of
Croatia
Georgia
Hungary
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Kyrgyz Republic
Marshall Islands
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Slovenia
Thailand

Decreased Torture, 2009-2010

Chile
Czech Republic       
Denmark       
Dominica       
Italy       
Micronesia, Federated States of       
Seychelles       
Spain

This trend in the greater use of torture is not a post-9/11 phenomenon, however. The chart below shows the increased use of torture beginning in the early 1980s. The extent of the drop in respect for this right differed by region and is seen to be particularly acute in Africa.


          Recovery Sundays #2        

Saturdays are always a big night, so here's the first of a series of mixes to sooth that throbbing headache and nauseousness. Put your feet up and bask in the glory that is Sunday afternoon.

The second edition of our Recovery Sunday mixes, as christmas is only days away I'm sure your eggnog filled stomachs will appreciate a relaxing day off with the aid of some smooth tunes :)
... I know we will Enjoy and happy holidays. Download it here! 
Check out the previous mix here.

Tracklist:
1. ODESZA - How Did I Get Here
2. Mount Kimbie - Before I Move Off
3. Miike Snow - Burial (DJ Mehdi Remix)
4. Jeremy Glenn - New Life (Perseus 'Summer of '83' Remix)
5. Zimbabwe (Flume Remix)
6. Nicolas Jaar - Time For Us
7. Flight Facilities - With You
8. MAM - Sunset Funk (MP's 'Sweet Disposition' Edit)
9. ODESZA - If You Don't Mind
10. Mount Kimbie - Mayor
11. Flying Lotus - See Thru To U (Cosmo&Paat Remix)
12. Julio Bashmore - Jack Got Macked
13. Marvin Gaye - Sunny (Mercury Edit II)
14. LOL Boys - Changes (Star Slinger Remix)
15. Star Slinger - Ladies In The Back (Feat. Teki Latex)
16. Ben Pearce - What I Might Do (Club Edit)
17. Disclosure - Latch (Jamie Jones Remix)
18. Gold Panda - Before We Talked
19. The XX - Crystalised (Dark Sky Remix)
          A further revision for the DSM IV        
I need to interrupt my series on the Great God debates to give a shout out to my friend Bruce.

Bruce is a friend from the BYU debate team. While he and I never debated either as partners or against each other at any tournaments, we did always debate fiercely controversial topics on the car rides to every tournament. Although we were very much on different poles of the spectrum on almost every issue when we first met, we’ve both become more pragmatic and moderate as we’ve gotten older, and we actually agree on most things now, and for the same reasons.

Yesterday, however, he pulled off masterfully what I’ve been trying and failing to do for months. I still can’t say whether he’s done it on purpose, or if this was similar to inventing penicillin, but if his method turns out to be reproducible, he may go down in history as the discoverer of the cure for a very serious mental disease.

To make a long story short, he may have cured Obama Derangement Syndrome.

For those of you who have been paying attention to any conservatives or their news sources, you may have been under the impression that the Second Coming of Christ is only days away. Democracy is dead. Capitalism is dead. The American dollar is worth less than the Zimbabwe dollar. Socialism has triumphed. Your freedoms have all been revoked. Obama has single-handedly turned the well-oiled machine of an economy that Bush built and turned it into Russia’s economy circa 1988. Obama needlessly destroyed our government-interference-free utopia of a health care system and replaced it with U.N.-led death panels. In fifteen short months, America has been transformed from an Emersonian paradise into an Orwellian nightmare.

Some of you may not have heard that America is in its final death throes. You might not even believe that others are being so dramatic about it as I am implying. If this is you, I’d urge you to listen to Glenn Beck tonight. Turn on Rush Limbaugh. Shoot me an e-mail and I’ll copy and paste dozens of Facebook status updates from the past week.

So what is this magical cure? How can you convince your friends and loved ones to unload their guns and step away from the brink of an aneurysm? The technique is quite brilliant, actually. Send them to this link. In this piece, an American ex-patriot regales you with dozens of foolish reasons why America is worthless. The author urges you to immediately flee the sinking ship that is America for better countries, of which there are apparently scores.

Suddenly, and without warning, the same people who have been decrying America and Obama will begin to defend him. They will take back all of the apocalyptic and unsupportable pessimism in order to rebuff the unsupported and apocalyptic claims made by an America-hater.

And it will make you smile.

And so, Bruce, I congratulate you on curing our Republican friends of their temporary hatred of America. If your technique works just as well on lefties who blame Bush for 9/11, I might seriously consider nominating you for a Nobel Peace Prize (although apparently that award doesn’t have any cachet anymore either). If nothing else, I award you an honorary degree in civil psychology. Congratulations.
          World Links: Obama Warns of Al Qaeda Threat to Europe, French Support U.S. Plan for Afghanistan        
President Obama warns that al Qaeda is a greater threat to Europe than America. In a symbolic gesture of good will France agrees to take one prisoner from Guantanamo Bay. French president, Nicolas Sarkozy, also expresses support for Obama’s plan for Afghanistan. Suspected Taliban militants attack NATO vehicles in Pakistan. Zimbabweans seeking asylum in South Africa are to [...]
          What is SEO in Zimbabwe?        
I get asked this questions a lot from businesses in Zimbabwe… What is SEO and why does my website need it? For years I have been building websites for businesses in Zimbabwe and I have very rarely been asked the questions… “Can you get my website higher in the search results of Google.” I have […]
          VideoMPYA: Roma katuletea mpya inaitwa Zimbabwe ‘wengi mliniuliza walioniteka ni Maaskari?’        
Ni video ya kwanza kuachia toka tukio lake la kutekwa na kupelekwa kusikojulikana April mwaka huu ambapo hata alipoachiwa na kuongea na Waandishi, bado maswali yapo mpaka leo kuhusu kutekwa kwake….. kwenye hii video mpya Roma ameandika mistari kuhusu kutekwa kwake VIDEO: Kwanini Roma Mkatoliki hayupo Instagram? ataja mambo matatu ya Rais Magufuli, kutekwa kwake […]
          Birthday Facts About April 18, 2004 You Need To Know        
April 18, 2004 clever birthday facts no one tells you about. Get Apr 18 epic list of celebrity and famous birthdays, #1 song, horoscope and FREE gift. What day was my birthday Apr 18, 2004? April 18, 2004 was a Sunday and it was the 109th day of the year 2004. The next time you can reuse your old 2004 calendar will be in 2032. Both calendars will be exactly the same! This is assuming you are not interested in the dates for Easter and other irregular holidays that are based on a lunisolar calendar. How many days until my next birthday? There are 251 days left before your next birthday. You will be 14 years old when that day comes. There have been 4,862 days from the day you were born up to today. Since night and day always follow each other, there were exactly 165 full moons after you were born up to this day. How many of them did you see? The next full moon that you can see will be on September 6 at 07:04:00 GMT – Wednesday. What happened on my birthday – Apr 18? These were the events that made history that coincide with your birthday. 796 King Æthelred I of Northumbria is murdered in Corbridge by a group led by his ealdormen, Ealdred and Wada. The patrician Osbald is placed on the throne, but is within 27 days abdicated. 1880 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100. 1902 Quetzaltenango, the second largest city of Guatemala, is destroyed by an earthquake. 1930 BBC reported there was no news, then played out with piano music. 1936 The first Champions Day is celebrated in Detroit, Michigan. 1942 Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France. 1945 Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany. 1980 The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country’s first President. The Zimbabwean dollar replaces the Rhodesian dollar as the official currency. 1996 In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the United Nations compound at Quana where more than 800 civilians had taken refuge. 2007 A series of bombings, two of them being suicides, occur in Baghdad, killing 198 and injuring 251.
          LGBT Religion News Summary: Banned Muslim Films, Catholic Protest, and Christian LGBT Advocacy        

GLAAD’s Religion, Faith & Values program works to elevate LGBT-affirming voices of faith in mainstream, regional, and community media. To find out more, visit www.glaad.org/faith. For additional religion and faith updates, be sure to subscribe via our online registration form. We welcome suggestions at faith@glaad.org.

An ecumenical gathering of Christian leaders discussed how denominations can more effectively do LGBT advocacy. One step taken by the Indiana Disciples of Christ was to remove barriers for LGBT inclusion in the denomination. A music teacher fired from a Christian school describes how music helped him through his ordeal.

The new San Francisco Archbishop, Salvatore Cordileone, is worrying Catholics, and even drawing a protest from the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence. Bishop Cordileone is still working against the tide of Catholics who support LGBT equality in America as well as in Ireland. African-American Christians are also increasing support for marriage equality as well.  One man in Minnesota vandalized several churches with anti-LGBT and anti-religious messages, but seems to not be connected to the proposed constitutional amendment in the state. But all the state campaigns are highlighting faith in their television ads

Governor Jerry Brown signed legislation banning so-called “ex-gay” therapies in California, which was advocated for by a coalition of religious organizations and celebrated by Pagans. Jewish organizations are joining the legal case against DOMA.

Episcopal Bishop Gene Robinson has been promoting his new book, God Believes in Love. The Methodist organization Church Within A Church celebrates its 10th anniversary. Films about gay Mormons were screened while a film about gay Muslims was banned. And personal stories tell us what it means to be gay and Jewish or gay and Seventh Day Adventist.

 

Baptist

Black Churches

Catholic

Christian

Disciples of Christ

Episcopal

“Ex-Gay”

International

Jewish

Marriage Equality

Methodist

Mormon

Muslim

Pagan

Presbyterian

Seventh Day Adventist

United Church of Christ

October 3, 2012
Issues: 

          BITACORA OLIMPICA (A PROPOSITO DEL BRONCE)        
Por: Julio ARTURO COUOH
No hubo festejos en el Ángel de la Independencia. Tampoco en la Minerva. Mucho menos en la Macroplaza o en alguna glorieta de la Zona Río. Cualquier punto de reunión publica en el país es motivo para celebrar en el caso del fútbol. Sin embargo, la medalla olímpica de Paola Espinosa y Tatiana Ortiz, ha demostrado que en México existen deportes que dan para más y que en ocasiones se ven eclipsados por el balón. No tenemos nada en contra del balompié, vivimos cercanos a él y hace ya varios ayeres, en el último suspiro de los San Diego Sockers, por ejemplo, lo vivimos al máximo.Pero, el merito por la medalla de Tatiana y Paola, es de ellas, por ellas y para ellas.
El triunfo fue para Xin Wang y Ruolin Chen, el dinámico dúo chino, que descargó todo su "arsenal" de finas y casi perfectas ejecuciones en casa y justo en el momento preciso.Sin embargo, diferentes rotativos como el Los Angeles Times, por ejemplo, le han dedicado un espacio envidiable a la dupla mexicana en una de sus más recientes coberturas."Espinosa cargó algo más que la bandera mexicana al desfilar en la inauguración de estos Juegos", recapituló el periodista Kevin Baxter en la historia dedicada a la final de los clavados sincronizados, y en la cual se enfocaba principalmente en lo que harian MaryBeth Dunnichay y Hailey Ishimatsu, las dos deportistas más jóvenes de la delegación estadoudinense en Beijing y que inclusive estuvieron en la Serie Mundial de Clavados FINA-Telmex, en el CAR de Tijuana a finales de abril pasado."
Con el retiro de la excampeona mundial de atletismo y abanderada en 2004, Ana Gabriela Guevara, Espinosa cargaba con un peso extra, ese peso eran las expectativas olímpicas de todo el país y aunque trató que no dejarse llevar por esa presión, ella admitió que no podía ignorarla", agregó Baxter en su crónica.
"Al final, los resultados del martes levantaron una inmensa carga moral de sus hombros, estando aún en espera de la participación que tendrá la siguiente semana en la plataforma individual", reconoció el analista norteamericano.Antes que Baxter, hubo un "gurú" que atinó el pronóstico dentro de los clavados sincronizados desde la plataforma en la rama femenil y de quien habíamos hablado en "Bitácoras" anteriores: Brian Cazeneuve.En la edicion del 28 de julio de la revista Sports Illustrated, Cazeneuve aseguró que el podio se repartiría entre Xi Wang y Ruolin Chen en el primer lugar, Briony Cole y Melissa Wu de Australia en el segundo sitio, y las mexicanas Ortiz y Espinosa en el tercero.
Efecto Coventry
En una atmósfera tan futbolizada, especialmente en los medios latinoamericanos, resulta raro seguir los nombres de deportistas como ellos, e inclusive como la propia Kristy Coventry, quien al figurar en el podio se ha convertido en toda una celebridad para el deporte de Zimbabwe, su país natal.
El efecto "Coventry" podría quizá similar a lo sucedido con México, donde los medallistas olímpicos forman parte de una muy reducida élite. Sin embargo, Zimbabwe no tiene todo un ejército de cámaras televisivas siguiendo cualquier paso o brazada a cargo de su nadadora.Por otro lado, el lugar a dudas el "nerviosismo" transmitido por las cadenas televisivas durante la final de los clavados sincronizados en plataforma femenil, levantó expectativas por la medalla obtenida por Tatiana Ortiz y Paola Espinosa.En Zimbabwe, donde el recuerdo de una medalla de oro en el hockey femenil en 1980 se convertía en algo cada vez más distante, hasta antes del surgimiento de Coventry, previo a los Juegos de Atenas, hace cuatro años dado un giro especial.Nuevamente, la participación de esta nadadora, ahora en los Juegos de Beijing, al menos paralizó a varios aficionados que con la oportunidad de seguir los juegos, fueron testigos del logro de esta nadadora.De acuerdo con algunos reportes, la fama de Kristy Coventry ha perneado tanto que inclusive se han documentado casos de niñas recién nacidas que han sido registradas o bautizadas con el nombre de esta nadadora, hasta inclusive con su apellido como segundo nombre."Siento yo que es algo maravilloso, el hecho de escuchar y ver que puedes tocar a miles y miles de personas de una manera positiva", recordaría la nadadora africana durante una entrevista concedida por Coventry a la cadena australiana ABC.Las oportunidades para ella de desarrollar todo su potencial como deportista en su pais de origen, son sumamente limitadas, reconoció. Es por ello que la única gran oportunidad de buscar su óptimo desarrollo es fuera de África.Houston le dio cobijo a la nadadora que en septiembre cumplirá 25 años, y sólo ahí ha podido explorar al máximo su potencial, a pesar de la zozobra generada por la distancia de no ver a los suyos, en una nación sumergida en continuas crisis políticas y desde luego, económicas.
Nombres para recordar
Mientras redactamos estas líneas, de manera "ad hoc" nos dejamos llevar por las notas de Miss Sarajevo, una pieza maestra en la que alternan las voces de Bono y el ya desaparecido Luciano Pavarotti.Los acordes resuenan al momento de ver las gráficas en las que figuran Natalia Paderina y Nina Salukvadze, tiradoras de origen ruso y georgiano que olvidaron las diferencias políticas entre sus gobiernos y se enfundaron en un abrazo fraternal al momento de recibir las medallas.La letra de esta composición difundida al mundo a mediados de los 90' justo durante la Guerra de los Balcanes. Pero existe un fragmento sinigual: aquel que menciona que existe un momento para percibir un color diferente y escuchar nombres difíciles de deletrear.En la natación, mucho se habla en torno a los norteamericanos y las norteamericanas. Las australianas y los australianos. Sin embargo, en la lista de Beijing 2008, tambien figuran medallistas asiáticos y africanos.Para anotar en el anecdotario o las diferentes listas que de por sí ya son históricas en este haber, bien vale la pena mencionar a Kosuke Kitajima, Kristy Koventry y Taehwan Park.Kitajima volvió a demostrar su jerarquía como nadador de pecho, al recordar que en los Juegos Olímpicos de 2004 en Atenas, dominó las pruebas de 100 y 200 metros. En Beijing, para el orgullo de los "vecinos" japoneses, defendió el título obtenido en los 100 cuatro años atrás.
Generación samurai
Lo interesante en el caso de Kitajima es que forma parte de una generación de atletas nipones posicionados hoy en día al lado de la cada vez más amplia lista de peloteros originarios de la isla del sol naciente, entre sus coterráneos, que son a la vez amplios seguidores del béisbol.Tal vez en América, para los latinos no sea tan común su nombre como el de Ichiro Susuki o Kazuhiza Ishii, por ejemplo. Sin embargo, el nadador de 26 años ha cautivado a los suyos y al mundo por su marca de 58.91 segundos para nuevo récord mundial, imponiéndose a los europeos Alexander Dale Oen o a Hughes Duboscq.Aquí lo interesante se encuentra en la cuestión somatotípica. Kitajima no rebasa los 5 pies con 10 pulgadas (mide 1 metro con 77 centímetros) pero ha hecho de su cuerpo una hábil herramienta a pesar de algunas controversias en las ejecuciones de su técnica en el movimiento de piernas, aunque no ha sido penalizado.Los nipones han convertido la aparente desventaja de su constitución corporal en factores a favor, principalmente por su ligereza. Prueba de ello se vio en el Mundial Juvenil de Natación efectuado en Monterrey, semanas atrás tanto en las ramas varoniles como femeniles.Taehwan Park, por su parte es una renovación total en la constitución biotípica de los coreanos, que poco a poco lucen cada vez más grandes, otra prueba de ello se da con los pítchers en el béisbol, por ejemplo y es que en este deporte, también los asiáticos se han convertido en dolores de cabeza para sus rivales occidentales, pues bien vale la pena recordar lo sucedido en el clásico mundial.Park, a diferencia de Kitajima, es un nadador cercano a los seis pies, es poseedor del nuevo récord asiático y sólo quedó a un par de segundos de Michael Phelps en los 200 metros libres, donde una brazada hace algo más que la diferencia. Esta y otras columnas pueden ser consultadas en la dirección de http://www.elnoterio.blogspot.com/. Email: Bitacoraolimpica@gmail.com

          Sunday Scan        
No Fireworks In Gualala

A couple weeks back, I wrote about a particularly worrisome matter of the Cal. Coastal Commission issuing a cease and desist order against a 4th of July fireworks show planned in the No. Cal town of Gualala. It is, I think, the foothold the Coastal Commission has been seeking in a larger effort to stop these patriotic displays all along the California Coast.

How crazy is that? This crazy: One of the Gualala Gaeans said in a comment on the post that the damage of a 15 minute fireworks show would be permanent and unmitigatable. My gosh, if the earth were really that fragile, if would have dissolved into dust long ago.

The Gualala Patriots Day Committee (the good guys) appealed the decision and lost, so there will be no fireworks show this year. But the fight goes on; the judge merely failed to overturn the cease and desist; he did not rule on the underlaying matter. Says the Pacific Legal Foundation, which is representing the Patriots Day group:
“The legal fight goes on against this abuse of power by the California Coastal Commission. Although the fireworks won’t happen this year, our lawsuit goes forward. We’ll be litigating to bring the fireworks back in future years – and to have the courts instruct the Coastal Commission on the proper limits of its power.”
For a PLF summary on the case, click here.

The Inevitable In Zimbabwe

The despotic leaders of the multitude of thug-ocracies of the world can breathe a sigh of relief -- the popular uprising against their role model hero, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, has been crushed.

This was a close one, with Morgan Tsvangirai of the Movement for Democratic Change actually winning a popular election. But Mugabe froze the election results and started a campaign of intimidation ... which may be too faint a word. Remember what Mugabe's supporters did to the wife of Patson Chipiro, a MDC regional leader?
They grabbed Mrs Chipiro and chopped off one of her hands and both her feet. Then they threw her into her hut, locked the door and threw a petrol bomb through the window. (BBC)
Preceding the MDC announcement it was not going to participate in the new election was this, also from BBC:
On Sunday, the MDC was due to stage a rally in Harare - the highlight of the campaign.

But supporters of Mr Mugabe's Zanu-PF occupied the stadium venue and roads leading up to it.

Witnesses reported seeing hundreds of youths around the venue wielding sticks, some chanting slogans, and others circling the stadium crammed onto the backs of trucks.

Some set upon opposition activists, leaving a number badly injured, the MDC said.

It said African election monitors were also chased away from the rally site.
Sounds like exactly the sort of election Jimmy Carter would deem to be fair.

Another Reason To Vote For McCain

Buried deep in a WaPo story on hate groups and rising racism that's very short on stats and figures and verrrry loooong on opinion, we find this:
"One person put it this way: Obama for president paves the way for David Duke as president," said Duke, who ran for president in 1988, received less than 1 percent of the vote and has since spent much of his time in Europe. "This is finally going to make whites begin to realize it's a necessity to stick up for their own heritage, and that's going to make them turn to people like me. We're the next logical step."
Keep Duke in Europe! Vote McCain!

Alternative Energy Dreamin'

There's another horse in the alternative energy race ... but this one seems unlikely to generate even one horsepower. But what the heck! Don't stop believin', hold on to that feelin':
Scientists from Europe’s Atomic Energy Commission, in Grenoble, France, have shown that vibrations from raindrops landing on a certain type of plastic can generate enough energy to operate some low-power wireless sensors, like battery-powered outdoor thermometers.
Leonardo diCaprio, take note!

Plenty Magazine offers an "In Depth" feature on the new technology, gushing about how it could be used to power climate sensing devices that now need batteries, so that we get a continuous flow of data to feed into the electricity sucking beasts we call computers.

Of course, rain drop power comes with that bane of all alternative energy: a dearth of economic viability. It takes Penty to the last paragraph to mention this tidbit: The material used to generate raindrop power costs $460 for 1 kilogram, and given the milliwatts produced, a bunch of kilograms will be required. Batteries, on the other hand, cost a buck.

Undaunted, the article ends:
Who knows, April showers may soon bring power.
Of course, not enough power to offset the solar power that's not being generated due to the rain.

Very nice art: Josh Cochran

Extreme Climate Change

NOAA (named, perhaps, for that ark chap, since the oceans are going to flood us all) has released its newest climate change report, Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. The resulting bad reporting can perhaps be best summarized by two quick cuts.

First, the pocket liner set got their first impression of the report from this Science Digest intro:
Among the major findings reported in this assessment are that droughts, heavy downpours, excessive heat, and intense hurricanes are likely to become more commonplace as humans continue to increase the atmospheric concentrations of heat-trapping greenhouse gases.
While the mainstream tuned into this Digg summary ...
New report highlights the likely changes in extreme weather and climate conditions under ongoing climate change.
... which in turn generated comments like:
Report: Turning on lamp will light up room.
Report: Pissing into wind will get you wet.
Report: Falling linked to failure to stand upright.

How many of these stories do we need to read before people start seeing this as completely obvious?!
Well, of course, it's just not that obvious. ICECAP gives us this summary by Roger Pielke Jr., who just happens to believe in anthropogenic global warming:
The report contains several remarkable conclusions, that somehow did not seem to make it into the official press release. They include: over the long-term U.S. hurricane landfalls have been declining, nationwide there have been no long-term increases in drought, despite increases in some measures of precipitation, there have not been corresponding increases in peak streamflows, there have been no observed changes in the occurrence of tornadoes or thunderstorms, there have been no long-term increases in strong East Coast winter storms (ECWS), called Nor’easters, there are no long-term trends in either heat waves or cold spells, though there are trends within shorter time periods in the overall record.
Pshaw. What's the fun in reporting boring ol' stuff like that?

Seismic Mitigation As Art

This amazing piece of industrial art is actually the tuned mass damper at the top of Taipei 101, for now the planet's tallest completed skyscraper.

The 728-ton steel ball is so massive it couldn't be lifted into location; rather, it had to be assembled in a cavern carved out of four stories at the top of the tower. Why, you might well ask, put a 728-ton ball at the top of the building?

The simple answer is that Taipei 101 stands just 800 feet from an earthquake fault. More specific: The ball swings counter to motion caused by wind or earth movement, dampening sway.

Deputy Dog, an architecture blog, has a short story on the mass damper, but what really attracts is the video that was shot on May 12, when shocks from China's massive earthquake hit the tower. Tourists in the building actually flocked up to the viewing area for the damper to see it in action.



Don't you just love human ingenuity?

Can You Say "Semper Cheese?"


If you don't understand this, says Blackfive, you've never met a Marine.
          Hopeful findings for the HIV positive in Africa        

Good news for those attempting to extend antiretroviral treatment to the many millions of people with HIV in developing countries who need medicines but do not receive them.

An extensive study over six years in Uganda and Zimbabwe supported by the UK’s Medical Research Council in Africa suggests that up to a third more patients could be offered treatment, even given existing stretched domestic resources, thanks to a simple trade-off.


          180 People Go Bald for Penang Adventist Hospital Fundraiser and More News Shorts        
In this week’s news roundup, 180 participants go bald for Penang Adventist Hospital charity fundraiser, Barbadian woman was shot to death while at an ATM, Florida church is sued by parents of girl molested by youth program worker, Zimbabwe church is ordered to pay suit court costs, Grace Symphony ministers through music in Fiji and New Zealand, and Adventist school children in Ghana plant trees for World Environment Day.

In this week’s news roundup, 180 participants go bald for Penang Adventist Hospital charity fundraiser, Barbadian woman was shot to death while at an ATM,  Florida church is sued by parents of girl molested by youth program worker, Zimbabwe church is ordered to pay suit court costs, Grace Symphony ministers through music in Fiji and New Zealand, and Adventist school children in Ghana plant trees for World Environment Day.

180 Participants Go Bald for Malaysian Adventist Hospital Charity Fundraiser. Penang Adventist Hospital in Malaysia held its third “Go Bald, Go the Distance” charity fundraiser in honor of the hospital’s Dr. J. Earl Gardner Fund for needy patients of chronic ailments. 180 participants went bald at the event this year. Penang Adventist Hospital chief executive officer Ronald Koh said that this year's “Go Bald, Go the Distance” included involvement and support from people of all walks of life beyond Penang. From The Star, “Bold move – 180 go bald for charity.”

Barbadian Adventist Killed in ATM Robbery. In Barbados, Seventh-day Adventist Colleen Payne was attacked by two men and shot to death while using an automatic teller machine. The mother of one had worked for more than 30 years as a child-care worker at the Nightengale Children’s Home. Her death has left family members stunned that such a quiet and unassuming person died in this violent way. From NationNews, “ATM horror as woman shot dead,” and “Three men assisting with ATM shooting investigation.”

Florida Church Sued by Parents of Girl Molested by Youth Program Worker. Horeb French Seventh-day Adventist Church in Miami, Florida, is being sued by the family of a girl who was molested by a worker at its youth program. In a lawsuit, the girl's parents claim church officials should have known that Jerry Ameris, now 33, was not fit for any position that would put him in contact with small children. The suit also names the Southeastern Conference Association of Seventh-Day Adventists which operates the youth program. Ameris has already been sentenced to ten years in prison for molesting the girl. From Miami New Times, “Family of Child Molested in Youth Program Sues North Miami Church.”

Zimbabwe Adventist Church and Conference Ordered to Pay Suit Court Costs. The leadership of the South Zimbabwe Conference of the SDA Church has been ordered to pay the legal costs incurred during a case brought by a church member who was given a seven-month censure by his congregation. The censure barred the applicant from participating in the affairs of the church. It also prevented him from leading any church-related activity and terminated his election or appointment to all positions in church. In his founding affidavit, the applicant argued he was censured by members of the board, deacons and deaconess, and elders’ councils for confronting the pastor who indecently harassed his wife and reporting him to the police. From the Chronicle, “High Court rules against Seventh Day Adventist Church.”

Fiji Adventist Gospel Group Grace Symphony Ministers Through Music. Grace Symphony, a gospel choir from Seventh-day Adventist churches in Fiji, has become a ministry for some of its young members, utilizing their talents in serving the Lord. According to the group's lead singer Eseta Cokanasiga, who is also one of their pioneer members, Grace Symphony began in 2007 with seven girls who all had a passion to glorify God using their voices and talent. The group now has grown to 22 members, performing in Fiji and New Zealand and recording many albums. From The Fiji Times, “10 years of singing God’s grace.”

Ghana SDA School Students Plant Trees Commemorating World Environment Day. The Ghana Environmental Protection Agency, in partnership with the Ghana Seventh-day Adventist Church, has launched a tree-planting campaign for schools in the Ashanti Region to commemorate the World Environment Day. The campaign was organized to inspire children to grow trees to protect the natural environment. The EPA selected 27 schools mainly from Presbyterian and Adventist schools. Samuel Oteng, the Regional Director of the EPA, said the agency took into consideration how effective the schools would be in ensuring that the seedlings were looked after to grow well. Oteng expected that the chosen schools would plant a total of 2,200 tree seedlings. Students of the Gyinyase SDA Primary and Junior Secondary Schools said they were grateful to the EPA and to their schools' administration for educating them on the benefits of tree planting and how urgent it was that trees were planted to protect the environment. From Graphic, “EPA plants trees to commemorate World Environment Day.”

 

Editor's Note: A previous version of this article incorrectly stated that Penang Adventist Hospital is in Vietnam; it is in Malaysia. 

 

Pam Dietrich taught English at Loma Linda Academy for 26 years and served there eight more years as the 7-12 librarian. She lives in Redlands, California.

Image Credit: The Star

 

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          Comment on Pretoria Accident in Pictures – Kombi coming from Zimbabwe KILLED Everyone by Simba Dube        
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          Comment on Pretoria Accident in Pictures – Kombi coming from Zimbabwe KILLED Everyone by Mbonisi Ncube        
Yes, more info please, pictures only undermine the credibility of your story
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Quoted from Wikipedia


Fiat currency (fiat money) is money that exists because an authority or custom declares it to be money. (From the Latin fiat, which means "let it be done"). It achieves value because a government requires it in payment of taxes and says it can be used to pay debt or buy goods and services and because people trust that the value of the currency will be reasonably stable.

What happens when a fiat currency collapses? Watch this video first before continuing. Sorry, embedding has been disabled.


Obviously, I am not basing my conclusions on economic studies and/or theories, but on real life events and a current situation which has clearly become a humanitarian crisis. When money that is only as valuable as it is declared to be collapses, people will turn to what has real value. And we should realize, especially in these hard economic times, that what we choose to represent value should itself be backed by something of undeniable value, whatever it may be. I think the lesson is simple, clear and demonstrated for all to see in this video. I just hope we take heed and make amends before we are in a situation as desperate as the Zimbabweans.


          To Venezuela, This Week’s Sanctions Are a Joke        

This week, the Trump administration took the rare step of declaring Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro a “dictator,” freezing his assets and banning Americans from doing business with him.

It looked like a big deal. Phones pinged with alerts, and cable news channels carried the announcement live. Maduro was now the fourth member of an exclusive club of sanctioned dictators, joining Syria’s Bashar al-Assad, North Korea’s Kim Jong Un and Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe.

“Maduro is not just a bad leader; he is now a dictator,” President Donald Trump said in a statement.

I watched this movie again and again in the three years I spent covering Venezuela for the Associated Press. It’s always the same script and the same ending: Maduro blasts the U.S. for its attempted meddling, then goes back to the business of presiding over his country’s economic collapse.

This time around, the U.S. tried to punish Maduro by freezing his American assets; he has none. It forbid Americans from doing business with him as an individual — something he hasn’t seemed interested in doing — but still allowed them to contract with Venezuela as a country.

“Maduro’s going to have a good laugh with this,” said David Smilde, a Tulane University expert on Venezuela. “It’s not going to amount to a lot.”

Venezuela is crossing clear lines. Maduro, the hand-picked successor to late President Hugo Chavez, has grown deeply unpopular since taking power in 2013. People are hungry. Hospitals are in ruins. Four months of daily protests have left more than 120 dead and brought on international condemnation. And over the weekend, Maduro dealt a potentially fatal blow to the country’s once-stable democracy:

He held an election creating a new, all-powerful congress stacked with his supporters. His wife was elected; so was his son. Streets were mostly empty the day of the election, but Maduro said 40 percent of the country voted. International elections observers were banned.

U.S. sanctions already in place didn’t stop any of this from happening. They’ve only helped Maduro argue that his country is in shambles not because of his own mismanagement, but because Americans are out to get him, sabotaging the economy at every turn.

Take what happened in 2015, when the Obama administration declared that Venezuela was “a threat to national security” and sanctioned seven top officials for human rights violations. Maduro, whose approval ratings had been dismal, got one of the biggest bumps of his presidency. The sanctions let him point to an example of imperialist bullying. People rallied around him against this outsider intrusion. Maduro rewarded all seven officials with promotions and covered the capital in anti-sanction billboards that still adorn parts of Caracas, looming over food lines and formations of riot police

The Obama administration saw how Maduro used the sanctions to his advantage and didn’t issue any more. The country’s economy continued to fall apart — three-quarters of Venezuelans were losing weight and 80 percent of medicines were in short supply.

With the arrival of the Trump administration this year, sanctions resumed.

Each time, they gave Maduro an opportunity to blame someone other than himself for the country’s descent.

When the U.S. sanctioned Venezuela’s vice president for alleged involvement in the drug trade, Maduro responded by giving his second-in-command even more power.

When the U.S. sanctioned members of Venezuela’s Supreme Court for abolishing its Congress, Maduro praised them in a public ceremony.

When the U.S. sanctioned more senior Venezuelan officials for corruption, Maduro gave them all special swords on live television.

So it makes sense that when U.S. Congress members and think tanks reacted to Monday’s sanctions by issuing stern statements, Venezuelans were mostly cracking jokes.

The U.S. hasn’t hit Maduro where it truly would hurt — the oil trade.

Almost all of Venezuela’s export revenue comes from oil, and the U.S. is its most important customer. An oil embargo would be as dramatic as Monday’s sanctions were anticlimactic. The Maduro administration might implode, and the country’s hunger crisis could escalate to famine.

The U.S. doesn’t necessarily want to drop that kind of a bomb. It doesn’t want to create a refugee crisis in a country three hours from Miami; already, Venezuela exports more asylum cases than any other nation. Not to mention, an embargo would hike gas prices for American drivers.

So for now, Maduro is thumbing his nose.

“Sanction anyone you want!” he shouted during an address on state television Monday. “The Venezuelan people have decided to be free, and I’ve decided to be the president of a free people.”

The camera panned to an audience of top officials, many sanctioned themselves, all applauding. A minister fiddled with an expensive-looking watch, then went back to clapping.

One thing about those other three men in the sanctioned-leader club: They’re all still in power, and living large. Last year Zimbabwe’s President Mugabe celebrated his 92nd birthday with a million-dollar party, and jetted around the world to places like Cancun and New York while his people starved.

Toward the end of his speech Monday, Maduro issued some sanctions of his own, on private television stations that had not given his Sunday election positive coverage, and said his opponents would get what was coming to them. Early Tuesday, the secret police arrested two high-profile opposition leaders and took them to military prison. Another line crossed.


          Episode 8: Snake Eyes        

Hello and welcome to Episode 8 of the Shinybees podcast: Snake Eyes. This slightly rougher around the edges podcast is brought to you again from sunny South Africa. Thanks very much for joining me again after a break due to the arrival of Samuel Douglas. He came in a rather speedy fashion, 5 days late. There was quite a bit of yarn buying going on due to the inconvenience of being late to me, from Loop, Knitting Goddess and Flamboyance Yarns.

We start off the episode with a few hellos, and briefly mention the stronghold of newborn night-time waking that is the #3amclub. This is followed up by the latest happenings in Limpopo, including the untimely demise of a Black Mamba in the garden.

The pattern pick for this week is also inspired by all things snake. Be careful to avoid Willie the Trouser Snake! All the patterns can be found in the set on Ravelry.

In the South Africa section we return to the north to talk about Mapungubwe National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Here, you can see the confluence of the Limpopo and Shashe rivers, as well as see Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa, all from one spot. Take a treetop walk to see the great grey-green greasy Limpopo River or go on a game drive and see 4 of the Big 5.


          Uang Baru dan Pemerintahan Baru        
Siapapun yang akhirnya nanti menggantikan pemerintahan yang sekarang akan disambut dengan uang yang baru. Uang yang baru ini akan secara tegas menyebutkan bahwa ini adalah uang Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI) yang ditanda tangani oleh Gubernur BI dan Menteri Keuangan, selama ini uang kita bukan uang NKRI tetapi uang Bank Indonesia.  Yang lebih serius dari ini adalah dalam periode pemerintahan yang akan datang – besar kemungkinan redenominasi mata uang Rupiah harus dilakukan. RUU untuk redenominasi Rupiah ini sebenarnya sudah disampaikan pemerintah ke DPR  dan bahkan seharusnya masuk prioritas Prolegnas tahun 2013, namun karena redenominasi yang akan mengurangi tiga angka nol pada uang kita tersebut juga beresiko – maka pembahasannya nampaknya ditunda. Resiko ini diungkapkan bahkan oleh menteri keuangan Republik Indonesia sendiri melalui situs resmi Departemen Keuangan, apabila gagal rencana redenominasi tersebut akan berdampak terhadap inflasi yang akan menjadi tingggi. “ Ada resiko inflasi. Kalau situasinya sudah lebih baik mungkin (redenominasi Rupiah) bisa dilakukan” ujar Menkeu. Pertimbangan faktor resiko inilah antara lain yang membuat wacana redenominasi yang sudah ramai dibicarakan dalam lima tahun terakhir urung dilaksanakan. Tetapi ini seperti bom waktu yang diteruskan dari satu pemerintahan ke pemerintahan berikutnya, suatu saat harus ada yang berani mengambil keputusan. Redenominasi mestinya sudah harus dilakukan di akhir 90-an ketika  kurs Rupiah melewati angka Rp 10,000. Dampak dari angka nol yang terlalu banyak ini menimbulkan masalah di system IT bukan hanya di perbankan dan lembaga keuangan di Indonesia , tetapi juga di seluruh dunia yang mengakomodasi mata uang Rupiah. Angka nol yang terlalu banyak juga memberi kesan ‘kurang bernilainya’ mata uang Rupiah ini di mata internasional. Rupee-nya India mestinya sama saja kekuatannya dengan Rupiahnya Indonesia, tetapi karena 1 Rupee nilainya hampir Rp 200 ,- maka seolah Rupee lebih kuat atau lebih berharga dari Rupiah. Angka nol yang terlalu banyak – yang kemudian perlu dipotong juga menjadi karakter dari negeri-negeri yang mempunyai problem dengan nilai mata uangnya. Kita bisa tahu ini dari negara-negara lain yang pernah mengalaminya seperti  Islandia (1991), Rusia (1998), Meksiko (1993), Polandia (1995), Ukraina (1996), Peru (1991) , Bolivia (1987) dan yang fenomenal Turki (2005) dan Zimbabwe (2009). Ketika Turki berani melakukan redenominasi mata uangnya lira tahun 2005 lalu, mereka tidak tanggung-tanggung harus membuang enam angka nolnya. Angka 1,000,000 lira menjadi 1 lira saja. Ini harus dilakukan Turki untuk merespon tingginya angka inflasi selama 35 tahun (1970-2005), sehingga mau tidak mau harus mereka lakukan bila tidak ingin angka nol di mata uangnya menjadi semakin terlalu banyak. Kadang angka nol yang harus dihapus itu begitu banyaknya sehingga mata uang yang lama harus diganti sama sekali karena sudah tidak relevan lagi. Contohnya adalah yang terjadi di Zimbabwe (2006-2009), ketika mata uangnya yang tetap bernama Zimbabwean Dollar tetapi secara bertahap berganti singkatan dari semula ZWD ke ZWN kemudian ke ZWR sebelum akhirnya menjadi ZWL. Bersamaan dengan pergantian singkatan ini pula 9 angka nol dihilangkan. Intinya adalah pada suatu titik, pemerintah harus berani melakukan redenominasi itu bila memang harus dilakukan. Dia tidak bisa meneruskan problem kebanyakan angka nol ini terus menerus ke pemerintahan berikutnya dan berikutnya lagi. Ekonomi mungkin terganggu sesaat oleh gejolak inflasi, tetapi setelah itu akan banyak manfaatnya bagi kita semua. Kita akan bangga misalnya ketika menukar uang Rupiah kita di Mekah atau Madinah dari setiap Rp 3 kita sudah mendapatkan 1 Saudi Riyal, tidak seperti saat ini 1 SAR harus kita tebus dengan Rp 3,122 ! Dari waktu ke waktu nilai tukar mata uang Rupiah negeri manapun akan cenderung terus menurun, ada yang penurunannya drastis sehingga harus di-redenominasi dan ada yang penurunannya biasa-biasa saja. Mata uang kertas juga menjadi instrumen untuk perang dagang seperti yang terjadi antara Amerika Serikat dan China. Maka tidak bisa lagi kita mengukur kekuatan mata uang Rupiah kita dengan Dollar misalnya. Bulan Juli 1998 US$ 1 = Rp 14,000; bulan Juli 2014 ini US$ 1 = Rp 11,700. Apakah berarti uang Rupiah kita saat ini jauh lebih kuat dari Juli 1998 ? Ternyata tidak sama sekali. Ini bisa kita lihat kalau uang tersebut dipakai untuk membeli benda riil yang baku harganya sepanjang zaman seperti emas misalnya. Untuk membeli 1 gram emas dibutuhkan sekitar Rp 130,000 pada bulan Juli 1998, dan di bulan Juli 2014 ini kita butuh sekitar Rp 500,000 untuk bisa membeli 1 gram emas yang sama. Kita bisa melihat sekarang bahwa meskipun seolah Rupiah menguat dibandingkan mata uang Dollar selama era reformasi hingga kini, namun daya belinya terus menurun tinggal sekitar ¼-nya saja sejak puncak krisis 1998.  Artinya bahkan terhadap puncak krisis 1998 tersebut daya beli riil uang kita sekarang jauh lebih lemah lagi ! Bayangkan sekarang realitas bahwa mayoritas asset pegawai tersimpan di Rupiah dalam berbagai bentuknya, mulai dari tabungan, deposito, tunjangan hari tua, asuransi dlsb. Bila dalam perjalanan karir Anda 16 tahun terakhir saja daya beli riil uang Anda tinggal ¼-nya, apa yang akan terjadi ketika Anda pensiun 16 tahun yang akan datang ? Maka tidak berlebihan bila situs ini mengkampanyekan proteksi nilai sejak 7 tahun lalu, karena serendah-rendahnya harga emas atau Dinar seperti sekarang ini – dia tetap mampu memberikan perlindungan nilai jangka panjang hingga kini. Justru periode harga rendah seperti inilah sebenarnya memberi kesempatan kita untuk melakukan proteksi nilai secara lebih baik dengan menambah portfolio emas atau Dinar kita. Uang baru dan bahkan redenominasi bisa saja menjadi isu sesaat, tetapi yang lebih hakiki sebenarnya adalah upaya untuk mempertahankan daya beli dari hasil jerih payah kita. Bila redenominasi adalah domain pemerintah dan kita tinggal menerima realita dan dampaknya, tidak demikian dengan isu proteksi nilai atau upaya mempertahankan daya beli ini – kita dapat melakukannya sendiri sekarang dan disini ! InsyaAllah.
          Minnesota Dentist Who Illegally Killed Lion in Zimbabwe Issues Public Statement        
Walter Palmer, the dentist from Minnesota who allegedly bribed park rangers in Zimbabwe to let him hunt and kill a beloved and protected lion, has released a public statement in which he denies any intentional wrongdoing but also expresses regret for his actions. Continue reading…
          Chag Sameach        
Israeli Lior Kaminetsky is an internationally renowned violinist currently living in Los Angeles. He recently returned from a concert tour through Jewish communities in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia. “I was honored,” Lior says, “to have a unique interaction with … Continue reading
          Comment on (8) Visualizing Sudan: The Budget Crunch by CrisisMaven        
As for (quote) "How does he obtain his 'political budget' necessary to stay in power?" - Most likely the same way Mugabe did it in Zimbabwe: inflating his way "out" of his crisis. And if anyone thinks that after that a ruler will be toppled: look again to Zimbabwe, where Mugabe is still going strong. The world community has not really ever yet hurt Bashir that much and esp. we have obviously not provided his people with a strong reason why they should oust him, i.e. what they'd gain by doing so. And the latest developments in Syria or Libya (or Iraq for that matter) make any oppressed people think twice if the should get rid of the "wolf they know".
          GONNA MAKE YOU SWEAT!        
First off, in case anyone was concerned, I am alive and well and more than 2,000 miles away from the fires in Victoria. They are pretty horrific. Nearly 200 people have died already. Australians aren’t very used to large-scale natural disasters, and this one is hitting home hard. It’s nice to know that my current job has contributed to the relief efforts, but we’ll get to that in a bit.Where were we? Ah, yes. Darwin.

Darwin was getting way too hot and boozy. Before I left the Top End, I took a three-day tour of Kakadu National Park. I expected to encounter all sorts of freaky Aussie critters, and I was not disappointed. We saw frilled lizards, emus, pythons, crocodiles, dingoes, and wallaroos (too big to be a wallabie, too small to be a kangaroo). But the creatures that I will remember most from my Kakadu experience were the thousands upon thousands of flies that were buzzing around my sweaty head at any given moment. Australian flies crave the salty goodness of human perspiration. It is widely known that I am The Sweatiest Man in the World, and when The Sweatiest Man in the World went to Kakadu, The Sweatiest Place in the World, a perfect storm of Sweatiness erupted. The flies of Kakadu greeted me like manna from heaven. From dawn ‘til dusk, they never left me alone. They didn’t bite. Instead they just buzzed and crawled all over my face, occasionally creeping into my eyelids as I tried to appreciate ancient Aboriginal rock paintings (many of which are sex education literature in hieroglyphic form).Still, Kakadu was pretty awesome. We did some nice walks and took lots of dips in spectacular swimming holes. The highlight of the trip was our first night of camping, when I ate kangaroo meat and played a didgeridoo under a full moon while dingoes howled in the distance – my most quintessentially Australian experience so far. I barely got a wink of sleep and the tour group was kind of lame, but it was still a good time. It was our tour company’s last trip before they shut down for the wet season, and our guide made no secret that he was trying to score an English girl from another tour group at the campsite as a year-end bonus. Not sure if he succeeded.After several farewell drinks with my Darwin friends, I took to the skies and flew to Perth. Flying over the vast expanse of Western Australia was humbling. Gazing out my window, I could see astoundingly little evidence of human development – just miles upon miles of desert punctuated by the occasional mine site or dirt road to nowhere. The in-flight movie was “Mamma Mia,” so many of my future reminiscences of the Outback will be scored not with “Waltzing Matilda” or “Blue Sky Mine,” but with “Waterloo” and “Dancing Queen.” Thanks, Qantas. And for the record, Pierce Brosnan can’t sing for shit.

If Darwin is Australia’s version of a Texas oil rig town, then Perth is an Aussie San Diego – nice weather, great beaches, suburban sprawl, a mellow populous, not a whole lot of character, but still a nice place to live. My buddy Sam got me my current job, which involves me standing on the street and encouraging strangers to donate money to charitable organizations. It’s not as hard as it might seem (I got promoted!). You just gotta learn to deal with constant rejection. If I get four sign-ups a day, I’m doing well. The easiest people to sign up are recent African emigrants, and there are plenty of them in Perth. I’ve signed up folks from Sudan, Egypt, Kenya, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe (I had no idea there were so many white people from Zimbabwe). Black, white, male, female, old, young – the Africans are very charitable and generous. Without a doubt, the hardest demographic to sign up is suit-wearing, white dudes. Shocker.

I suppose that I can’t get through this entry without mentioning the election of Barack Obama. I watched the results come in at The Fox Ale House, one of the pubs I worked at in Darwin where my buddy Carboni was nice enough to let me put on the big screen TV. A girl from California strolled by the pub and watched it with me. As nice as it was to hear Australians cheering and applauding the speech of a soon-to-be American president, it was great to be able to share that moment with a fellow Yank. Hope home is treating you well, Marie! As for the inauguration, I was at a hostel in Busselton where I had to wake up at 1:30 AM to watch live coverage. I don’t think I’ve ever watched a live inauguration, not even for Clinton. I was hoping for some momentous “The Only Thing We Have To Fear Is Fear Itself” quote from Obama, which never really surfaced. But I suppose the fact that such a seemingly decent, intelligent, charismatic and inspiring person who just happens to be a black man became the president of the United States in front of a crowd of millions of proud, hopeful and motivated Americans speaks for itself. America, FUCK YEAH!!!!

Back to Australia…

Perth was Heath Ledger’s hometown. As big a city as Perth is, its isolation gives it a small-town familiarity, and all the locals seem to know someone who actually knew Heath or at least knows one of his family members. His Academy Award nomination for “The Dark Knight” came on the anniversary of his death, and made front-page news here. Assuming (and it’s a safe bet) that he receives a posthumous Oscar, it will be interesting to see how Perth reacts. I wonder what it must be like for his family to walk around Perth, where “Dark Knight” merchandise is inescapable, looking at images of their boy and his now iconic incarnation of The Joker displayed on posters, DVDs and t-shirts in every other store window. If any Ledgers are reading this, you have my sympathies.And if there are any Academy members reading this, how the hell could you not nominate “The Dark Knight” for Best Picture and Best Director? What the fuck is wrong with you people? The movie is beloved by audiences and critics the world over. It has a great story, terrific acting, and superlative technical artistry. It is now the second highest-grossing movie ever made. You gave the film eight other nominations, but just couldn’t see it in your crooked little hearts to give it the big ones, presumably because it is based on a comic-book character and therefore must be kid stuff - incapable of exploring significant psychological or dramatic terrain. That attitude is snobby and retarded. Why does Stephen Daldry have three (THREE!!!) Best Director nominations to his credit while Christopher Nolan has zero? The man has never made a bad movie. You weren’t even this mean to Spielberg in his early days. Wake up, douchebags!

Ah, well, at least some other genuinely decent movies got nominated, and it will be fun watching my former boss tackle the hosting duties.

Perth will most likely be my last major stomping ground in the Land of Oz. My vague plan is to save up money here, see a bit more of the outback (not sure where or what exactly – somewhere ABBA-free, if possible) and then head homeward in April. My big dilemma now is deciding which way to go. Next time you’re near a globe, find Perth and then find Boston. I am nearly as far away from home as the North Pole is to the South Pole. I could go east or west and spend about the same amount of money and travel time. As nice as it is, how the hell did I end up here?

Shameless Self-Promotion Alert!!!!

Click here to view the trailer for "X-Men Origins: Wolverine," the movie that completely consumed my life just a year ago. After all the hard work that thousands of people put into the production, it is hugely gratifying that the trailer looks as good as it does, biased as I am. I was physically present for pretty much every shot that features a motorcycle, helicopter, explosion, mountain scenery and/or Hugh Jackman fighting with Liev Schreiber. When I was a kid and fantasized about making movies, this is the kind of stuff I saw myself working on. The movie will be released on May 1st, and I hope it lives up to the trailer!

In the meantime, dear readers, I hope you all survive the Global Financial Crisis with your life savings intact. For those in the movie biz, try to get gigs on funny flicks – Hollywood thrived during the 1930s thanks in great part to cheaply made screwball comedies. To all my “Pineapple Express” buddies, keep Judd Apatow on speed dial, and please put in a good word for me!
          August 2009 Highlights        
Editorial director Shawn Kennedy and clinical editor Christine Moffa present the highlights of the August issue of AJN, including a continuing education article, Post-Breast Cancer Lymphedema: Part 2, which discusses risk reduction and management of this complication from treatment; a feature article with historic photos discussing how AJN didn’t report on the role of German nurses during the holocaust (also check out an interview with the author in our podcasts); “lessons learned” by a school of nursing who provided primary care to hurricane evacuees following Hurricane Katrina; an update on recommendations to use hemoglobin A1c levels as a diagnostic tool for diabetes; a review of a recent article evaluating the evidence behind frequency of patient turning to prevent pressure ulcers. Of special note: podcasts featuring an interview with and the music of Liyana, the young Zimbabwean musicians with disabilities who recently toured the United States.
          Zim likely to miss $300m chrome ore export target this year        
The Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ) has indicated that local chrome producers might not achieve the projected 2017 export target of $30-million, owing to falling international commodity prices and the flooding of the traditionally lucrative Chinese market with cheap-quality ore from South Africa. Speaking on the sidelines of a Midlands regional chrome mining indaba, MMCZ deputy general marketing manager Masimba Chandavengerwa said chrome prices had dropped from about $200/t in March to about $90/t, owing the stockpilling of ore totalling about two-millions tons by dealers in China. The Asian giant remains the top consumer of chrome and chrome-based products.
          Asbestos industry sabotages UN Rotterdam Convention        
Kathleen Ruff, RightOnCanada.ca At the 8th Conference of the Parties to the Rotterdam Convention, taking place in Geneva this week, a tiny number of countries – Russia, Kazakhstan, Zimbabwe, India, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus and Syria – thumbed their noses at the scientific evidence and the wishes of the rest of the world and refused to allow […]
          Asbestos lobby launches attack to undermine upcoming UN Conference on trade in hazardous substances        
Kathleen Ruff, RightOnCanada.ca The International Chrysotile Association (ICA)  promotes the asbestos trade. Its Board of Directors is comprised of representatives of asbestos mines in Russia, Kazakhstan, Brazil, a closed asbestos mine in Zimbabwe, and asbestos industrialists in India, and Mexico. Chrysotile asbestos represents 100% of the global asbestos trade. The ICA is registered in and […]
          Reply #202        
What's so funny? You're not exactly breaking the bank with these mega selections. More like breaking the wallets. When's the right time for NY? When the moon is full? Still waiting for Zimbabwe's numbers too. Thanks for the numbers for Botswana. Sure you don't need to tweek those
          Reply #185        
I'm impressed. Either it's sheer luck or he's onto something. But you also have to consider that some of the other states he posts for, aren't doing too well, so it may be just a streak. Only time will tell.

I'm still waiting for Zimbabwe's numbers.
          Reply #178        
Your amnesia is in full swing here. Did you forget about NY??? Or is it out like your predictions?

Nothing for 3 days. I'm not bothering with this crap. This whole thing is

Put your weak predictions in the category where they belong.

You can tweak your system till kingdom come.

You haven't posted Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Equatorial Guinea and Botswana yet or are you tweaking those
          Reply #26        
Any numbers for Zimbabwe?

Thanks.
          Presidents of Zimbabwe        
Presidents of Zimbabwe (1980-Present)

Canaan Banana 1936 - 2003 18 April 1980 31 December 1987 Zimbabwe African National Union
Robert Mugabe 1924 - 31 December 1987 Present Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front
          Abe menawarkan 600.000.000 Â¥ hibah ke Zimbabwe dalam upaya untuk melawan ofensif ekonomi Cina        


oleh Ayako Mie

Perdana Menteri Shinzo Abe menawarkan bantuan dalam bentuk hibah sebanyak 600 juta ¥ ke Zimbabwe pada hari Senin 28 Maret 2016, untuk membantu agar lebih banyak perusahaan Jepang kembali lagi sebagai penggerak pertanian di tengah agresifisitas yang dilakukan oleh China.

Pada konferensi pers bersama setelah pertemuan puncak bilateral dengan Presiden Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe, Abe berjanji memberikan ¥ 600 juta bantuan keuangan untuk mendanai proyek jalan di koridor utara-selatan negara kaya sumber daya itu.

Dia juga mengatakan Jepang akan mempertahankan konsultasi dengan Zimbabwe untuk menanggulangi kekurangan pangan yang parah di sana.

Bantuan ini untuk negara Afrika yang miskin merupakan bantuan yang kedua Jepang sejak tahun lalu, ketika diperpanjang ¥ 1,8 miliar hibah pertama dalam 15 tahun.

Dengan membantu Zimbabwe dalam perbaikan infrastruktur, Tokyo berharap bisa membawa lebih banyak perusahaan Jepang ke Zimbabwe pada saat China secara agresif mencari peluang ekonomi di Afrika.

Tahun lalu, Presiden China Xi Jinping mengunjungi ibukota Harare dan menghasilkan 10 kesepakatan dan nota kerjasama ekonomi.

Pada konferensi pers, Mugabe mengundang perusahaan-perusahaan Jepang berinvestasi di negaranya, yang kaya akan mineral seperti emas, platinum dan nikel. Dia mengatakan perusahaan-perusahaan Jepang dapat mengambil keuntungan dari zona ekonomi khusus di negara ini.

"Pintu Zimbabwe terbuka untuk investor Jepang dan mereka harus melihat ke depan untuk hubungan yang saling menguntungkan dengan kami," kata Kepala Negara yang umurnya tertua di dunia, pada akhir bulan lalu berumur 92 tahun.

Mengamankan investasi internasional sangat penting untuk Zimbabwe, yang juga menderita kekeringan.  Ekonominya, yang digunakan untuk menjadi lokomotif pertanian, telah menderita parah sejak Amerika Serikat, Kanada, dan Uni Eropa memberlakukan sanksi ekonomi mengikuti program reformasi tanah Mugabe pada tahun 2000. Setelah sanksi mereda pada tahun 2014, Uni Eropa kembali melakukan investasi langsung tahun 2015 untuk pertama kalinya dalam 13 tahun.

Tetapi masyarakat internasional tetap kritis terhadap pelanggaran hak asasi manusia Mugabe dan ia masih terkena pelarangan pemasukan ini baik dari AS maupun dari Uni Eropa.

Meskipun kecaman internasional, Jepang mengundang pemimpin Afrika karena ia masih memegang kekuasaan pada saat Jepang sedang mencoba untuk membangun konsensus untuk rencana untuk mereformasi PBB. Pada hari Senin (28 Maret 2016), kedua negara sepakat untuk bekerja sama dalam masalah ini serta upaya Jepang untuk memperoleh dukungan kursi tetap di Dewan Keamanan.

Kedua pemimpin juga berjanji untuk mensukseskan 6th Tokyo International Conference on African Development(TICAD) pada bulan Agustus, yang akan diselenggarakan oleh Afrika untuk pertama kalinya. Sedangkan kelima pertemuan TICAD sebelumnya, Jepang telah menjadi tuan rumah.

Sumber : http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/03/28/national/politics-diplomacy/abe-offers-%C2%A5600-million-grant-zimbabwe-bid-counter-chinese-economic-offensive/

          Snowden's choice: Cuba or Zimbabwe?        
NEW YORK – Admitted NSA documents leaker Edward Snowden is believed to have fewer than six countries still considering his campaign for asylum, among them Cuba and Zimbabwe. With Russia and China all but closing their doors, WND has learned that Snowden apparently is now concentrating his efforts on Cuba, Venezuela and Zimbabwe. The Venezuela [...]
          Big Discoveries Still Happen – Zebras Make Africa’s Longest-Known Terrestrial Wildlife Migration        

Do you ever wonder what it would be like to be an explorer? To discover a natural wonder? Being a conservation biologist, I always hope I might experience that in some small way. But in our rapidly developing world, where wilderness continues to shrink, it can feel like there is nothing big left to discover. Yet my colleague Robin Naidoo and his collaborators in Namibia (WWF, Ministry of Environment and Tourism) and Botswana (Elephants Without Borders) have done just that. They have discovered the longest known land mammal migration in Africa — a 300+ mile seasonal trek by Burchell’s zebra (their newly published full study appears in Oryx).

Adding to the surprise, this journey is not happening in the Serengeti that is so famous for massive wildlife migrations. It is happening in southern Africa, where up to several thousand zebra migrate back and forth between the Chobe River floodplains in Namibia and Nxai Pan National Park in Botswana.

The discovery seems straight out of the golden age of exploration. It’s a story about modern technology and adrenaline-pumping adventure producing some good old fashioned field science. The key technology was GPS tracking collars that Robin and colleagues used to document the movement of eight female zebra for several months through the dry and wet seasons. But first they had to get the collars onto wild zebra – no easy task! In their scientific paper about the discovery, there is a very clinical explanation: "Adult female zebras (n=8) were darted from the air or ground and immobilized using a mixture of etorphine hydrochloride, azaperone and hyaluronidase. The age and family group size were estimated for each individual, and a satellite-tracking collar attached.”

The work began when team members, including a wildlife veterinarian and one of Namibia's best chopper pilots, went swooping over the bush in a helicopter looking for a healthy female zebra. The vet would lean out to sedate the animal with a tranquilizer dart. The team would then jump out the helicopter, put the collar on the animal, take some measurements and blood samples, and administer a drug to wake the animal back up. All the while they had to be on the lookout for protective and possibly dangerous family members who were not tranquilized. One kick from an angry zebra and the operation is over for you. 

Once the zebra were collared, and everyone safely back in the helicopter, technology took over the work. The GPS units recorded the precise location of each animal every 5 hours, and uploaded the data via satellite communications. When Robin plotted the data on a map upon his return from Christmas holiday in 2013, he and other wildlife biologists were stunned to see the zebras' long-distance migration route.

They had collared the animals in October, during the dry season near the Chobe River in Namibia. The zebra stayed there until early December, when one, and then the others, started moving south. By late December, seven of the 8 zebra had traveled more than 150 miles to Nxai Pan; the eighth animal arrived in early January. As more GPS data came in, Robin and colleagues could see that the zebra remained at Nxai pan for almost two months. Then, as the grass on the pan started to dry out, they headed back north to Chobe where they had started their migration.

People in Namibia have long known that zebra leave Salambala conservancy, which borders the Chobe River, at the end of the dry season, but they didn’t know where they went. Likewise, people knew that zebras came to Nxai Pan during the wet season but didn’t know where they came from. Thanks to Robin and team's adventurous and high tech fieldwork, the dots are now connected. We know that it’s the same zebra traveling 150 miles each way between Chobe and Nxai Pan, the longest documented land migration of any mammal in Africa.

And it turns out that this superlative is part of an even bigger one. The entire migration takes place within the boundaries of the largest multi-country conservation area in the world—the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area, commonly known as KAZA.

This 109 million acre expanse covers five countries. It was established in 2011 by the governments of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe, in recognition of the large-scale habitat needs of some of Africa’s most magnificent wildlife species.

KAZA reflects the reality that wildlife never has, and never will, abide by the political boundaries that humans draw on maps. Today, elephants, wild dogs, wattled cranes and both black and white rhinos call KAZA home and benefit from protection within its vast landscape.

With this in mind, we know that the previously unknown migration is more than a cool discovery. It reminds us of the value of doing science in the field in order to explore and better understand a natural world that is still full of surprise. And it underscores how essential large-landscape conservation is for preserving spectacular phenomena like the longest zebra migration in the world.

To glimpse this process from the researcher’s point of view, check out this stunning short video:


           - Broken hearts and stifled words: July in Africa        
Suna Venter's broken heart, silencing Sudan's FIFA suspension, the unsolved case of Burundi's Jean Bigirimana, policing police in Zimbabwe and more from Somalia, Senegal, Nigeria and South Sudan.
          Finding Nimmo        
Pitiful conspiracy nut loses control of metaphorical bowels on hearing about global referendum.

Kurt Nimmo, an equal opportunity purveyor of paranoia (left, right and centre), was in a feverish delirium of excitement on Thursday. He'd somehow managed to get hold of the the latest plans of the Green Gay Alliance of Soul Enslaving One Worlders, GGAoSEOW for short. They have well established links to China; just try pronouncing GGAoSEOW. SEE!?

Their appalling plan? To encourage a small NGO to further its plans for a global referendum on global governance—basically, to ask everyone on the planet the following question: Do you support the creation of a directly-elected, representative and democratic world government?

Oh the humanity! GGAoSEOW will stop at NOTHING.

The piece is unselfconsciously titled: Minor League NGO Calls for Globalist Imposed “Democracy.” This from an absolute (as opposed to merely relative) nonentity like Nimmo. Not even the legendary ”total perspective vortex” can crack this kind of self reflection fail.

No doubt, dear reader, your naivete and general air of unknowing innocence will cause you to wonder ... WTF? How is this a problem? I mean we’re just asking the question, right? But you can’t pull the wool over Kurt’s eyes. He KNOWS what the real agenda is. How he knows this isn’t explained exactly ... but surely it has something to do with extended exposure to comic sans, poor formatting and psychadelic HTML.

For your entertainment, here is a brief sample of the lunacy. Don’t forget your safety gear!

Stark and the 45 authors enumerated in the press release are suckers for the real honest to pete globalists who have anything but democracy in mind. On the contrary, the real one-worlders desire nothing less than to strip every last human on the planet of any sort of god-given or natural right and turn what might have been paradise into a slave labor gulag with a high-tech control grid overlay. As for what they ultimately have in mind for us, it is carved on the Georgia Guidestones — a eugenics-inspired reduction in world population to a mere 500 million souls who will be automatons serving at the beck and call of the elite.

Nimmo explores the known continuum of wingnuttery, and perhaps a little beyond, dispensing with a coherent article in favour of wild-eyed paranoia, coupled with weak-kneed bleating. The unholy progeny of this union are an army of straw men; miserable exemplars, all drooping barn scrapings, reeking of bullshit, and drenched in horse piss. Nonetheless, Nimmo knows his audience and hits them with both barrels of teh blazing, undiluted stupid. The kind of concentrated stupid that burns, the white phosphorus of the intertubes.

The depressing truth of course, is that this kind of rancid nonsense detracts from actual atrocities being perpetrated in plain sight; murder, genocide and ethnic cleansing occurring right now in Dafur, Zimbabwe and Chechnya to name but a few of the more familiar trouble spots. You’d think Nimmo’s attention would gravitate to the steaming piles of dung on our collective plate, but no, Nimmo is on all fours studying the dining room floor with a magnifying glass, hunting for the tiny unicorns that live in the carpet.

The real danger to our future doesn’t come from the shadowy bogey men lurking in the dusty corners of Nimmo’s mind, but in our well documented, relentlessly human impulse to demonise, dehumanise and destroy ”the other.” Indeed, Nimmo’s ”article” is a textbook example of the genre; rich with nefarious and scheming ”elites.”

In all of human history the only way we have found to control the impulse to tribalism is through agreed laws fairly applied. It’s time to take that global.
          Esteri di ven 15/01        
1-Siria. Vivere sotto assedio, sulla linea del fronte. Molte regioni sono in una situazione simile a quella di Madaya. Il racconto di un cittadino della regione di Ghouta Orientale, a est di Damasco.2-Il conflitto congelato. Nessuna soluzione in vista per la crisi nell'est dell'Ucraina. E le potenze mondiali hanno le loro, grandi, responsabilità (Mikhail Beznosov, Università Kharkiv).3-Iran e occidente. Relazioni quasi normali. Attesa per il rapporto finale dell'Agenzia per l'Energia Atomica...Gli osservatori diranno che Tehran ha rispettato l'accordo sul nucleare. A breve rimosse le sanzioni. Racconto di un viaggio (Lorenzo Bagnoli).4-Taiwan. Domani le elezioni della svolta. Probabile vittoria del partito anti-Pechino. Ma il distacco non ci sarà (Gabriele Battaglia).5-Enciclopedia della mondialità. Laboratorio Zimbabwe (Alfredo Somoza)
          Countries in Africa        
Africa is the second-largest continent in the world.Here is the list of 55 countries in Africa and their capitals.
Africa
Africa






S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Algeria
Algiers
2.
Angola
Luanda
3.
Benin
Porto-Novo
4.
Botswana
Gaborone
5.
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
6.
Burundi
Bujumbura
7.
Cameroon
Yaoundé
8.
Cape Verde
Praia
9.
The Central African Republic
Bangui
10.
The Comoros
Moroni
11.
Cote d'Ivoire
Yamoussoukro
12.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kinshasa
13.
Djibouti
Djibouti
14.
Egypt
Cairo
16.
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo
17.
Eritrea
Asmara
18.
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
19.
Gabon
Libreville
20.
The Gambia
Banjul
21.
Ghana
Accra
22.
Guinea
Conakry
23.
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
24.
Chad
N'Djamena
25.
Kenya
Nairobi
26.
Lesotho
Maseru
27.
Liberia
Monrovia
28.
Libya
Tripoli
29.
Madagascar
Antananarivo
30.
Malawi
Lilongwe

31.
Mali
Bamako
32.
Mauritania
Nouakchott
33.
Mauritius
Port Louis
34.
Morocco
Rabat
35.
Mozambique
Maputo
36.
Namibia
Windhoek
37.
Niger
Niamey
38.
Nigeria
Abuja
39.
The Republic of the Congo
Brazzaville
40.
Rwanda
Kigali
41.
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé


42.
Senegal
Dakar
43.
The Seychelles
Victoria
44.
Sierra Leone
Freetown
45.
Somalia
Mogadishu
46.
South Africa
Pretoria
47.
Sudan
Khartoum
48.
Swaziland
Mbabane
49.
Tanzania
Dodoma
50.
Togo
Lomé
51.
Tunisia
Tunis
52.
Uganda
Kampala
53.
Western Sahara
Laayoune
54.
Zambia
Lusaka
55.
Zimbabwe
Harare

          Sales and Marketing Manager at Amber Residence Limited        

Amber Residence Limited – We are one of the leading and fastest growing hotel and leisure groups in Africa with business and resort destinations throughout Ghana, Nigeria and Zimbabwe. We are currently recruiting to fill the position below: Job Title: Sales and Marketing Manager Location: Lagos Responsibilities Should be able to meet or exceed budgeted […]

The post Sales and Marketing Manager at Amber Residence Limited appeared first on Career Hob.


          Pizza connection        

Breve considerazione incoraggiante: ore 16.50, panoramica delle edizioni on-line dei principali quotidiani europei.
The Guardian enfatizza le elezioni nello Zimbabwe.
Die Zeit dà spazio al vertice Nato a Bucarest.
Le Figaro apre con la vicenda Betancourt.
El Pais offre le dichiarazioni di Bush sulla lotta al terrorismo.
Repubblica ci regala una foto con Giuseppe Pizza '47 dietro una bandiera della DC (la foto purtroppo non è del '47 ma di oggi) e ci dice che forse bisogna spostare le elezioni per via del Pizza stesso che deve avere il tempo per evangelizzarci come tutti gli altri.
Italy, what else?
          Laundry Hands at Amber Residence Limited        

Amber Residence Limited – We are one of the leading and fastest growing hotel and leisure groups in Africa with business and resort destinations throughout Ghana, Nigeria and Zimbabwe. We are currently recruiting to fill the below position: Job Title: Laundry Hand Location: Lagos Responsibilities Collect dirty clothes ad beddings used by guests and prepare […]

The post Laundry Hands at Amber Residence Limited appeared first on Career Hob.


          WHITHER THE WOOLLY CHEETAH?        

The only known illustration of a woolly cheetah (Public domain)

Nowadays, the once-obscure, elusive king cheetah, a mutant morph of the normal cheetah Acinonyx jubatusfamously adorned with an ornate patterning of stripes and blotches very different from the latter species' polka-dotted wild-type counterpart, is enjoying a well-earned scientific renaissance.

In marked contrast, however, a second, equally eyecatching cheetah form seems to have vanished without trace into the mists of scientific anonymity, after only the briefest of spells in the zoological limelight.

A king cheetah, famed for its exquisite and very elaborate markings, produced by a mutant gene allele (© Steve Jurvetson/Wikipedia – CC BY 2.0 licence)

On 19 June 1877, Philip L. Sclater, longstanding secretary of the Zoological Society of London, recorded in its Proceedings (i.e. the PZSL) the acquisition by London Zoo of a most unusual cat - male and apparently not fully grown - which he described as follows:

It presents generally the appearance of a cheetah (Felis jubatus) [the cheetah's old scientific name], but is thicker in the body, and has shorter and stouter limbs, and a much thicker tail. When adult it will probably be considerably larger than the Cheetah, and is larger even now than our three specimens of that animal. The fur is much more woolly and dense than in the Cheetah, as is particularly noticeable on the ears, mane and tail. The whole of the body is of a pale isabelline colour, rather paler on the belly and lower parts, but covered all over, including the belly, with roundish dark fulvous blotches. There are no traces of the black spots which are so conspicuous in all of the varieties of the Cheetah which I have seen, nor of the characteristic black line between the mouth and eye.

Evidently this brown-blotched felid appeared very different from the usual form - to the extent that Sclater stated that it was impossible to associate it with this. Instead, he proposed for it the temporary name of Felis lanea, the woolly cheetah. It had been obtained from Beaufort West, South Africa, and, as Sclater himself remarked: "It is difficult to understand how such a distinct animal can have so long escaped the observations of naturalists".

One other matter is also difficult to understand, and remains a source of confusion concerning this mystery cat. Sclater referred to its markings as 'blotches', but in the illustration that accompanied this report, the creature was depicted with numerous tiny spots!

The PZSL 1877 chromolithograph of the woolly cheetah that accompanied Sclater's report of it (Public domain)

A year later, on 18 June 1878, Sclater noted in the Society's Proceedings that he had received a letter from a Mr E.L. Layard, informing him that a second woolly cheetah was currently preserved in the South African Museum. Like the first, it had been procured from Beaufort West. It had been killed by Arthur V. Jackson who, like Layard himself, assumed that it was an erythristic (abnormally red) variant of the normal cheetah. At the end of this item, in answer to an enquiry by Layard, Sclater recorded that the claws of the London Zoo specimen were non-retractile.

Sharing Sclater's own bewilderment as to how so large and unusual an animal could have evaded scientific detection until then, many zoologists had grave reservations concerning his optimism that the woolly cheetah constituted a totally separate species. In 1881, English biologist Dr St George J. Mivart commented that the noted American zoologist Prof. Daniel G. Elliot regarded this felid simply as a variety of the known cheetah species (curiously, Mivart ascribed the presence of a stripe to one side – but not both sides – of the woolly cheetah's muzzle when describing this feline form in his book The Cat, a feature not mentioned by Sclater, and in any event highly abnormal, thereby confusing the issue even further).

Dramatis personae in the woolly cheetah saga: Philip L. Sclater (public domain), Dr St George J. Mivart (Wellcome Images/Wikipedia – CC BY 4.0 licence), and Prof. Daniel G. Elliot (public domain)

By then, London Zoo's specimen had died, and Elliot's opinion received support from the discovery by eminent mammalogist Oldfield Thomas of the then British Museum (Natural History) – now known as the Natural History Museum – that this cat's skull did not differ from that of any other cheetah.

On 4 November 1884, Sclater recorded in the PZSL a woolly cheetah skin sent to him by the Reverend G. Fisk, again obtained from Beaufort West. In comparison with the zoo specimen, this example was more distinctly spotted, less densely furred, and rather smaller in size. Reverend Fisk believed that these differences were due to the specimen being a female, an explanation accepted by Sclater, who felt that this new skin consolidated his opinion concerning the woolly cheetah's separate status. The rest of the scientific world, conversely, remained unconvinced, so that since then it has been regarded as merely an unusual variant of the typical cheetah species.

A normal, polka-dotted cheetah (public domain)

The woolly cheetah may indeed be nothing more surprising than an atypical colour morph – perhaps a partial albino, as suggested by king cheetah researcher Lena Bottriell and felid geneticist Roy Robinson, or an erythristic version, as opined by Jackson and Layard. At the same time, Sclater's more radical views can also be appreciated, because this cat form differs from the typical cheetah not only in colour and markings but also in fur density and even in relative limb length. Simple colour variants do not generally exhibit such pronounced differences as these from normal individuals of the same species. Its shorter limbs suggest a non-cursorial life - could it possibly have been a forest form?

It is worth noting that a 'lion-like forest cheetah' known as the kitanga was described in the 20th Century's early years to Major G. St J. Orde-Brown by the Embu natives of south-eastern Kenya (as recorded by Kenneth C. Gandar Dower in his book The Spotted Lion, 1937,  chronicling Dower's own searches for another of Africa's mystery cats, the elusive marozi). Moreover, according to correspondent Owen Burnham who lived there for many years, a comparable felid has occasionally been reported from the little-explored forests of Senegal, West Africa, where this region's subspecies of the typical cheetah, A. j. hecki, is extremely rare.

A pair of marozis or spotted lions (© William M. Rebsamen)

The possibility of a cheetah form becoming modified for life in this type of habitat is by no means implausible. On the contrary, even the normal spotted form is not an exclusive denizen of the savannahs. This was well demonstrated in March 1983, when Lise Campbell spied a single cheetah at a height of 2.5 miles in the vicinity of the Sirimon Track in the moorland zone of Mount Kenya. She had a second sighting later that day of what may have been the same animal, even higher, amidst the tufted high-altitude grass, and documented her observations in an East African Natural History Society Bulletincommunication (May-June 1983).

As for the woolly cheetah: according to mammalogists Daphne Hills and Dr Reay Smithers in their Arnoldia Zimbabwe paper of 1980 (concerning the king cheetah), this odd form no longer occurs in Beaufort West. Presumably, therefore, it is extinct, and the chance to investigate further its precise taxonomic status similarly lost. Or is it? The Natural History Museum owns the skin of London Zoo's specimen – so now, with the ever-advancing techniques of DNA-based genetic analyses readily available to researchers, perhaps it may be possible to carry out some such tests upon small samples of this skin and finally reveal the precise genetic identity of the mystifying woolly cheetah.


This ShukerNature blog article is excerpted and expanded from my book Mystery Cats of the World.







          Sermon: Three things a disciple of Christ must renounce        
Introduction Christians love Chris Gayle for he talks about God, both in the field and home. Unfortunately however he leads a questionable lifestyle that doesn’t fit the Bible believing Christians. Then there’s Tatenda Taibu, the Zimbabwe wicket keeper-batsman, who  gave up Cricket, to work for the church. Taibu played 28 Tests and 150 ODIs for […]
          Zimbabwe for taxon Orphnaeus brevilabiatus (Newport, 1845)        
Distribution "Zimbabwe" for taxon Orphnaeus brevilabiatus (Newport, 1845) has been added by A.D. Barber via the webinterface on 2009-05-10T13:58:36+00:00
          Harnessing the Power of Soccer to Fight HIV        
Submitted by USAID/Zimbabwe When Fortune’s mother died, Fortune says that she was too young — at age six — to understand the loss. When she lost her father to AIDS six years later and had to live with her uncle, she felt the loneliness that goes along with having no parents. She received scholarships to […]
          Order your sizzling copy of 'Freedom To Love For ALL: Homosexuality is Not Un-African! on Amazon. Thanks!        


We also need broader strategies to reduce gender disparities in water access. First we need to collect more data on women’s water burden and how it affects their their health, well-being, and personal development. Second, women must be involved in creating and managing targeted programs to mitigate these risks. Third, these programs should be evaluated to determine whether they are truly improving women’s lives. And finally, social messaging affirming the idea that water work belongs only to women must be abandoned.

Former U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called empowerment of the world’s women “a global imperative.” To attain that goal, we must reduce the weight of water on women’s shoulders.

This story was originally published by Grist with the headline Women carry more than their fair share of the world’s water on Jul 22, 2017.


          Burn The Fat Feed The Muscle Review        
Why Is Burn The Fat, Feed The Muscle The Best Selling E-Book In Internet History, With Thousands Of Satisfied (And Now Fat-Free) Users In 133 Countries from Algeria to Zimbabwe?

Burn The Fat, Feed The Muscle is the #1 best selling diet and fitness ebook in the history of the Internet. In fact, it's one of the best selling e-books on ANY subject in the history of the Internet -... And there's a reason why... It's because thousands of women and men of every age are burning off BODY FAT - not muscle or water weight - and they're doing it naturally, without supplements, pills or "magic potions," simply by using the proven, scientifically-accurate and common-sense advice found inside this amazing diet and fitness guidebook.

Tom Venuto, a respected fat loss expert, natural bodybuilder, and personal trainer, has not just pumped out yet another "diet program" into an already over-saturated market. Tom's Burn the Fat can be more accurately described as a "Fat Loss Bible." It is quite simply one of the most complete, detailed, and precise guides to fat loss you will ever read. What makes it so much different than other weight loss publications on the market? Well first of all, it's not a "weight loss" program, it's a "fat" loss program. This may seem like semantics or wordplay at first, but once you've read just the first three chapters, there will be no doubt in your mind that pursuing "weight loss" is not only the wrong goal, it may be the reason that you've failed to reach and maintain your ideal body weight. Burn The Fat shows you exactly why it's fat you must lose, not "weight" (which includes muscle, water and other lean tissue) and then goes on to show you exactly how to do it. Secondly, what makes Burn The Fat different is the amount of attention that is paid to each and every element of successful, healthy, permanent fat loss. Burn The Fat not only thoroughly dispels the lies, myths and fallacies surrounding a very confusing subject, it is simply the most detailed book about fat loss ever written. By reading Burn the Fat, Feed the Muscle, (or better yet, "studying it"), you will learn more about fat loss than you could from an entire semester of nutrition classes or from an entire shelf of maintstream diet publications at your local bookstore.

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"The dictionary is the only place success comes before work. Hard work is the price we must all pay for success." That line does a nice job of expressing the "no quick fix" philosophy behind the entire book. In the rest of the book, you'll learn the complete and exact mechanics of fat loss - explained on both a scientific and a practical level (which you can easily apply in your own daily life in terms of what to eat and how to exercise to burn fat). If there is any drawback to the Burn The Fat ebook, it's that it contains so much information, that some readers may find it a bit overwhelming. Those who are looking for a "cliff's Note's" quick start type of fat loss program, might be a bit intimated at first. The good part however, is that even these types of readers can feel confident and assured that it will be worth the effort because this will literally be the last book they ever have to buy on the subject. Who will benefit most from Burn the Fat?

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          Monumen terseram di dunia        

10 Monumen Paling Misterius di Dunia


1. Apocalypse
 

Pada sebuah bukit tandus di timur laut Georgia berdiri salah satu monumen di dunia yang paling aneh dan misterius. Tapi itu tidak diciptakan selama zaman kuno. Dikenal sebagai ‘Georgia Guidestones’, struktur batu dengan tinggi 16 meter, lempeng granit 20 ton dipoles dan tertulis dalam delapan bahasa.

2. Lake Michigan Stonehenge.
Photobucket 

Para peneliti cukup terkejut ketika mereka menemukan apa yang tampak sebagai struktur kuno seperti Stonehenge 40 meter di bawah permukaan air di Danau Michigan.

3. Underwater Ruins in Japan.
Photobucket 

Di pantai selatan Yonaguni, Jepang, reruntuhan terletak terendam, diperkirakan sekitar 8.000 tahun. Tempat ini ditemukan pada tahun 1995 oleh seorang penyelam yang menyimpang terlalu jauh dari pantai Okinawa dengan kamera di tangan.

4. Submerged Wonders of Alexandria, Egypt.
Photobucket 

Lepas pantai Alexandria, kota dari Alexander Agung (Iskandar Zulkarnain, sepupu Nabi Khidir), apa yang diyakini tidak adanya reruntuhan kerajaan Cleopatra. Hal ini diyakini bahwa gempa bumi lebih dari 1.500 tahun yang lalu membuat bangunan ini jatuh ke laut, bersama dengan artefak, patung-patung dan bagian lain dari istana Cleopatra.

5. The Mysterious Stones of Baalbek.
Photobucket 

Kuil terbesar Romawi yang pernah berdiri, ditemukan reruntuhannya yang bukan dibangun di Yunani atau Roma, tetapi di Baalbek, Libanon. Tak seorang pun tahu apa yang membuat situs ini begitu istimewa di Roma, untuk mendorong mereka untuk membangun, memindahkan dan merakit blok batu begitu banyak.

6. Easter Island.
Photobucket 

Easter Island, juga dikenal sebagai Rapa Nui di Samudra Pasifik Tenggara, yang paling terkenal dengan patung-patung yang monumental yang dibuat oleh orang-orang Rapanui. Beratnya sekitar 86 ton, yang menggambarkan betapa besar prestasi orang-orang Rapanui yang telah menciptakan dan memindahkan mereka.

7. Stonehenge.
Photobucket 

Salah satu monumen yang terkenal dunia mungkin adalah Stonehenge, terletak di daerah Wiltshire Inggris. Meskipun teori dan spekulasi bermunculan, tidak ada yang tahu apa tujuan awal monumen prasejarah dan tetap menjadi salah satu misteri terbesar dunia.

8. Machu Picchu.
Photobucket 

Machu Picchu adalah kota paling lestari nan indah dari Kekaisaran Inka, berada di dataran tinggi di Andes Peru, di gunung yang curam dengan permukaan yang hampir rata.

9. Great Zimbabwe Ruins.
Photobucket 

Sedikit orang tahu bahwa negara Afrika modern, Zimbabwe, terdapat reruntuhan batu, terletak di pedesaan. The Great Zimbabwe Ruins adalah beberapa struktur tertua dan terbesar di Afrika Selatan.

10. Peru’s Chavín de Huantar Ruins.
Photobucket 

Meskipun tidak setenar di reruntuhan Machu Picchu, reruntuhan Chavan Huantar Peru juga merupakan warisan menarik. Begitu jelas, mengapa budaya Chavan telah menghilang, meskipun beberapa masyarakat sekitar percaya bahwa reruntuhan Huantar Chavan memberikan petunjuk tentang mengapa beberapa peradaban menghilang.

          Story and history        
German uses the same word, die Geschichte, to mean both story and history. Such a blurring of lines is especially interesting given how little we know about what actually happened in history - we have plenty of records, but none can be called completely objective. Some historical facts aren't under question - the Nile did really flood every year, for example. But many parts of history are not nearly as easy to figure, especially when it comes to politics, war, and the why questions.

(Even some so-called facts are up for debate. A friend's favorite story to illustrate this point is the Greek historian Herodotus, whose credentials as a believable source could not be better. He is very careful to note how he came by his information, if it was first-hand, second-hand, third-hand, and so forth. He discusses the credibility of his sources. He tells you if he believes something to be true or not. He's willing to write things that reflect badly on his own people. At a time when many sources reported everything that came to them as fact without distinguishing the reasonable from the absurd, his careful charting of sources and credibility is a wonder. And then he tells you about seeing the flying snakes when he was visiting Saudi Arabia. What should we do with that?)

History matters, in a whole number of ways. One very concrete way is in modern-day territorial disputes, as found in Israel/Palestine or Zimbabwe (or most of the Middle East, Africa, Russia/Eastern Europe and much of Asia. Also Quebec. Occasionally Texas). North America and Western Europe are largely free from having their geography questioned, in large part because they were the ones who drew the geographical lines for everyone else. I digress.

In territorial disputes, history is appealed to as a source of truth and ultimate judge. Both sides in such a dispute declare that their claim to this land or that resource is the first, and therefore must be respected. This looks very pleasant, until you getting clashing views of history. At some point, history (what really happened) and story (what may have happened) get very very confused. That point often comes up very quickly.

Now some might disagree with my definitions of history and story in this context. That's fine. I think the delineation is a helpful one, though, and makes the study of history all the more interesting. Essentially, the more I study history, the more I realize that most of what we know isn't history at all, but story. There's truth in there, but it doesn't look like tidy scientific laws or elementary school textbooks. The truth of stories is always under question, as it should be. Some stories contain truth because they recount something that veritably occurred. Many stories contain truth because they speak to something beyond a recounting of facts: emotions, experiences, reactions, deeply-held opinions. That's mostly how we interact with the world, messy as it is, and one of the reasons I love literature so much.

For all the German's lack of distinguishing between story and history looks like a failure for precision of language, it may actually communicate something more. Story contains truth and history isn't all truth. I think that's really cool.

          A lion? You’re kidding, right?        
A lion? You are kidding, right? You’re outraged over the killing and beheading of a lion – even feverishly so – and with heartfelt concern for international justice you are considering Zimbabwe’s demand for extradition of the American citizen who … Continue reading
          Revisiting FamilySearch        


FamilySearch, where the 21st century meets the past

It's time to check back in to FamilySearch.org.

The site has grown enormously in the past few years and become considerably more user-friendly. For any serious family history researcher, it is an essential resource. But it's also worth a visit for the merely curious, for searching for a lost friend or relative, or simply to marvel at the depth of the collection here.

FamilySearch, a service of the Latter Day Saints, bills itself as "...the largest genealogical organization in the world".  I don't know exactly how you go about measuring something like that, but still, their stats are impressive: more than 3 billion names on record, almost 5,000 service centers around the world and even 24/7 telephone support. And it's all free!

The main tool at FamilySearch is their Search function, which quickly peruses billions of records from hundreds of sources ranging from Alabama Births and Christenings to Zimbabwe Death Notices. There are specialty searches as well, such as a quick look through 150,000 online genealogy books.

FamilySearch is also a place where you and other family members can collaborate to build a family tree, store documents and photos, and ask for help from other researchers. And naturally, there's an app for your phone.

You don't need to register at the site to get started, although registration (which, of course, is free) lets you save and post in certain places that wouldn't otherwise be available.


 Don't forget to also check for your family history at Ancestry.com as well as Newspapers.com and  NewspaperArchive. These are subscription databases, but they are among the most powerful research tools available for looking into family roots.
          The New Norm: Chinese economy faces six bottlenecks        
Source article in Chinese: 何清涟:“新常态”:中国经济面临的六大瓶颈

A translation of a talk He Qinglian delivered in Vancouver on May 3, 2015.

My talk today, “The New Norm: Chinese economy faces six bottlenecks”, is to give an overview of the state of the Chinese economy. What lies ahead for China depends on whether or not the Chinese government can find ways to work around the six bottlenecks.


Before I start, I would like to share a piece of good news: In 2014, China’s gross GDP volume reached 10 trillion dollars. The only other country which gross GDP is of this volume is the US. However, the Chinese government doesn’t seem too pleased with this. Since the year China’s gross GDP surpassed that of Japan, the Chinese government had been trying to dissuade others from calling China the second largest economy, it even said that certain international forces exaggerated China’s GDP out of ulterior motives. In fact, the World Bank and the IMF did their math based on the data from China National Bureau of Statistics and Purchasing Power Parity. That’s to say, if you inflated your data in the first place, you can’t blame others for exaggeration.

Right, so now I get into the topic.

The first bottleneck: China—no longer the factory of the world

After a golden decade of being the world’s factory between 2001 and 2010, China has now inevitably started its decline. According to latest news reports, Dongguan, a major pillar of the world’s factory, has seen the second wave of enterprise closures. It was said that within a year, no less than 4,000 companies shut their doors.

The world’s factory began its decline in 2008. Based on disclosed data, 72,000 businesses closed down between 2008 and 2012 in Dongguan. Now, as labor-intensive enterprises shut down in larger numbers, the Chinese economic growth model that was fueled by exploitation of labor and environment has reached its limit.

In the past, investment, foreign trade, and domestic demand used to be the three engines that propel China’s economic growth. Now, all three engines lost their steam.

In the first quarter this year, foreign trade growth fell by 15% year-on-year—a sign that foreign trade cannot propel China’s economic growth anymore. Another way has to be found.

In the last two decades, real property had always been the prime industry that drove Chinese economic growth. Yet, starting from two years ago, the highly bubblized real property came to standstill. While the Chinese government and enterprises fought to shore up the housing market, a dozen or so industries related to real property fell victim to full scale overcapacity. For example, industries most closely linked to real property like steelmaking and cement manufacturing have seen an overcapacity as high as 30%; industries producing flooring, furniture and textile too have experienced severe overcapacity.

This type of overcapacity crisis is referred to as “the nuclear threat of the Chinese economy”. In other words, such a crisis is like a nuclear bomb that could trigger an economic crisis at any time. It is because of this that China seeks to export excess capacity by pushing forward the “One Belt One Road” project and establishes the AIIB. The one thing I would say about this project today is that its chance of success is quite low because most of the countries included in the project do not have good sovereign credit. Except for countries like Pakistan, with which China intends to achieve a different objective through economic cooperation, Chinese investment made in those countries might bear no fruit.

The issues above show that there is no hope for Chinese economic restructuring. Economic restructuring is not something that can be done whichever way the government wants it to. Back in 2005, Guangdong province had already called for an industry upgrade as it tried to replace labor-intensive industry with hi-tech industry. The result was: labor-intensive industry relocated elsewhere while hi-tech industry didn’t move in, and now the Pearl River Delta is witnessing industrial “hollowing out”.

The second bottleneck: astronomical number of unemployed people

China is the most populous country of the world, and the unemployment issue has always been a sword hanging above the heads of the Chinese people. During the Cultural Revolution, when I was a teenager, China had already had a serious unemployment issue. At that time, young people in the urban area were forced to take part in the Down to the Countryside Movement, those who managed to get a job or join the army were considered to have found a good way out.

After the implementation of Reform and Opening Up, China, despite being in a prosperous era serving as the world’s factory, still had huge number of people without a job. For instance, labor surplus in the rural area was as high as 100 million. Now as the world’s factory is in decline, the unemployment issue became even more serious. 

For a long time, the jobless rate in urban area disclosed by Chinese government stayed below 4.5%. Such a figure does not show the actual state of unemployment in China because, firstly, this figure counts only those urban residents who registered with government as jobless and leaves out all those who didn’t do so; secondly, this urban unemployment figure does not take in the number of unemployed in rural region, where huge labor surplus exists. An unemployment figure that leaves out two massive chunks of data is itself grossly incomprehensive.

Currently, the unemployed in China consists of four components: first, the labor surplus in rural region, a problem that gets worse as plants are shutting down; second, white-collar workers who lost their well-paid job as foreign investment withdraws from China; third, college graduates who are jobless—given that colleges require students to present proof of employment before conferring them their graduate certificates, students are forced to fake the documents needed to get their certificate, the employment figures provided by colleges are thus meaningless; fourth, junior and senior high school leavers who stay unemployed at home over an extended period, Chinese media outlets refer to these people as NEETs.

How many people exactly are out of work in China? There are two sets of data for reference. First, former Premier Wen Jiabao stated at the China Development Forum in March 2010 that “200 million people are unemployed in China”; second, Justin Yifu Lin, former Senior Vice President of the World Bank, said during the World Economic Forum Annual Winter Meeting 2015 in Davos that, due to the rise in wages, 124 million manufacturing jobs would relocate to other developing countries.

Currently, the working-age population in China is 940 million. When the number of people out of work reaches 300 million, the actual unemployment figure would stand at about 32%.
 
With so many people out of work, it indicates that the “bread contract” between the ruling clique and the populace no longer works. As we all knew, China is a totalitarian country where the “bread contract” means that the rulers make the general public "transfer" their political rights such as suffrage, the freedom of the press, the freedom of speech, the freedom of assembly and the freedom of association in exchange for the freedom from want.

Now that there are so many jobless people, it means the general public has neither political rights nor the freedom from want. Any country facing such a high ratio of unemployed people would have a serious headache.
 
The third bottleneck: severe resource crisis

The pollution problem in China is three-dimensional. This means the country’s water, soil, and air are all badly polluted. Information on this is abundant, and due to time constraint, I would not go into the details and would only focus on resource crisis. China faces serious resource constraints for economic development and becomes heavily dependent for resources from all kinds of minerals that are used as means of production to food that is used as means of subsistence.

China now gets 60% of the lifeblood of economy—petrol it needs from import; it is also highly dependent on foreign metal minerals like iron, copper and zinc. I’m not going to list out each of the figure; I only intend to point out that China’s economy safety has become seriously dependent on external factors.For the Chinese people, there is nothing more important than food and so let’s use that an example. Sixty percent of the Chinese population grows crops, yet in 2014, the country’s food self-sufficient rate dipped below 87% and it gets its three staple diets—soybeans, corns and wheat from import. So what does this figure tell us? It indicates that, aside from food contamination resulted from soil pollution, nearly 200 million people in China source their food from other parts of the world. This causes food price in China to fluctuate alongside international food price. When disaster or humanitarian crisis strike—for instance, grain-producing countries reduce their output because of war—food price in China would hike.

Twenty years ago American environmental analyst Lester Brown wrote a book called Who Will Feed China? to remind China to pay attention to its food safety. However, China saw this work of research as a “conspiracy of the anti-China forces to smear China” and threw criticism at it for years. In recent years, however, China came to realize that food safety really is a problem, so it changed its attitude toward Brown and invited him to give a talk in China. Yet many of Brown’s viewpoints were deemed hard to stomach and the Chinese government sort of retracted its welcome extended to Brown.

The attitude changes of the Chinese government toward Brown shows just how difficult it is to say the truth in China.

Canada is a country with lots of resources, and its water resource is particularly abundant. I would like to suggest business people to plan ahead and invest in these industries. There will come a day when China needs to import these resources.
 
The fourth bottleneck: local government caught in the quagmire of debts

The prospect that a local debt crisis could trigger a local financial crisis gives the Chinese central government a big headache.

According to estimates made by foreign investment banks two years back, the scale of the total debt volume in China was 168% of its gross GDP (when I wrote this, McKinsey Global Institute published its latest report stating that China's total debt has reached 282% of its GDP), only a tiny part of this is individual debt, while most of the rest is government and corporate debt. And local government debt tops the list at about 20 trillion RMB.

Speaking of this, I would like to share a story.

Previously, the amount of total local debt reported was 18 trillion. That was a figure smaller than the actual sum. And the reason local officials made partial report of the debt incurred was that they didn't want to look bad. NDRC official Li Tie said that the 18 trillion debt reported was less than half of the actual local debt incurred. During a survey of a dozen of cities, NDRC officials found that some reported only 10% of thier debt, and some reported 20 to 30%, hardly anyone reported more than 50% of their debt. Thus it was estimated that the 18 trillion debt reported was only 30 to 50% of the actual local debt incurred.

Unsettled by this, the central government issued in September 2014 the “document no. 43” ordering local governments to truthfully report all of their debt before January 5, 2015 and hinting that the central government would help to repay part of the local debt.
 
Upon seeing the “document no. 43”, local officials who tried their best to cover up their debt to avoid being sacked now found a new hope, and so they made a truthful report of their debt as instructed. Hainan province even disclosed its debt to the public. As a result, the amount of local debt ballooned in a short time. The Ministry of Finance received the local debt reports and figured the sum was greater than they expected. So, the Ministry issued another document in late January ordering local government to “correct mistakes” in their reports and submit them again.

Now the central government plans to handle the 20 trillion local debt by helping to repay some of it, marketizing some of it and holding the local and provincial governments responsible for the rest. By holding the local and provincial governments responsible, it means that, if the local governments default on their debt and trigger mass incidents, the provincial governments would have to make a gesture shouldering some of the debt to placify the public.

Knowing that local governments have no other source of revenue other than selling of land, the central government is deeply troubled by the massive quagmire of debt.
 
The fifth bottleneck: financial crisis
 
Aside from a debt crisis, the rising rate of bad debt and the massive liquidity excess resulted from over-issuance of currency are also factors that would lead to a financial crisis.

Let’s first look at bad debt in banks. The bad debt in banks at the moment is the third debt crisis triggered by bad debt in the real property industry since Reform and Opening up. The first crisis emerged back when Zhu Rongji was the Premier. Beginning in 1998, the Chinese government spent more than 6 years to handle the 170 billion bad debts that were peeled off in the initial stage. Yet the way the Chinese government tackled them was to borrow new debt to repay for the old ones. And so, more bad debts incurred, which in term seriously hindered the efforts to get the Bank of China publicly listed overseas.

To solve this problem, the Chinese government came up with an ingenious idea. It established four state-owned asset management companies and transferred to them the bad debts incurred in banks. And then, part of those non-performing assets was repackaged and sold to foreign investment companies. Why did foreign investment buy non-performing assets? Because at that time, Chinese financial system was a mystery for them and they wanted to understand how the Chinese financial system worked.

The second crisis appeared during the Wen Jiabao era. At that time, the accumulated bad debts in banks stood at more than 800 billion US dollars. In order to ensure the banks that were going to be publicly listed in the US could fulfill the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the Chinese government hired accounting agencies such as Ernst & Young, PricewaterhouseCoopers to help with the audit.

Back then, the chairman of the SEC was seasoned politician Christopher Cox, who was very strict in listing application reviews. The auditors hired by the Chinese government found that the state of the Chinese banking system was too messy and figured that the banks could hardly satisfy the requirements. So they suggested those banks to get listed in Hong Kong instead of Wall Street.

The Chinese government then invited a dozen of foreign banks including UBS, Citibank, Bank of America and Temasek to become “strategic partners” of Chinese banks and allowed them to exit when the contracts expired.

Afterward, the four state-owned banks got listed in Hong Kong and the A-Share market of China and became stocks of high demand. At one point, the market value of these banking giants accounted for more than 50% of the total market value of the A-share market. Those strategic partners pocketed hefty profits and exited in 2007.

Foreign governments found the ways the Chinese government resolved bad debts in banks impressive.
After the outbreak of US financial crisis in 2008, governments in the West struggled to cope with the aftermath. And the United States had to let the Lehman Brothers went bankrupt.

Seeing a scene like that, a contributor of the Chinese version of the Wall Street Journal Report jokingly wrote that the Communist Party should be invited to help deal with the financial crisis in Wall Street.

Let’s then talk about the problem of over-issuance of currency in China. One of the major means that spurred the Chinese economic growth in the last three decades was over-issuance of currency.
In recent years, China became the world’s largest money printing machine.

In the ten years between 2003 and 2013, China’s monetary base increased by 88 trillion RMB, and its foreign exchange assets grew by 3.4 trillion US dollar.

During the years of investment boom, the effects of over-issuance of currency were not as noticeable. Now, however, as investment slowed, domestic saving and idle fund increased and added to the problem of excess liquidity.

In view of the limited options to sterilize the currency, PBOC governor Zhou Xiaochuan came up with a new way to do that.

During the Caixin Summit in November 2011, he raised the “Pool theory”, the key concepts of which were that in order to tackle the influx of short-term, speculative fund or hot money, the levees have to be reinforced; and as for the hot money that had already been inside China, a pool should be devised to retain them.

What would Zhou use as pools? To put simply, one of those included the real property. To keep the liquidity in, the housing market was used as a pool. That was why housing price in China skyrocketed and became the most expensive in the world. Someone wrote that if the real property in the city of Beijing was sold, the money obtained would be enough to buy up the entire United States.

Now that the real property faltered, Zhou used instead the stock market as a pool to keep liquidity in control. Once the stocks stumble and their market value vaporize, the amount of liquidity would be markedly reduced.

The predominant reason the inflation rate in China appears to remain low despite issuing so much currency is that, unlike in the US, the CPI in China does not include the property price. If the property price is included, CPI in China would be quite high.

Given the wild fluctuation of stock prices, the use of stocks as a pool could help temporarily dissolve the financial crisis.

Such a method to get around a crisis is cleverer than the Gold Yuan certificate currency reform initiated by the KMT. The currency reform of the KMT was tantamount to arbitrarily robbing the people of their assets. That resulted in the KMT suffering from political and military defeat, a financial meltdown and losing the remaining trust the people had in it. (A side note, a few years back, the Oriental Outlook, a weekly periodical in China ran a piece about a Red economist named Ji Chaoding. The article said that Ji, the person who suggested then Financial Minister T. V. Soong to unveil currency reform, was actually a Communist spy working for Zhou Enlai. His suggestion at that critical moment sped up the downfall of the KMT.)

As for the use of stock market to push off the crisis today, it is the stock buyers themselves that get inside the trap out of their own free will. If the stock market stumbles, they have no one else to blame.

Viewed with the Western financial perspective, Zhou Xiaochuan is a terrible banker. He should not dissolve a crisis by passing it on to others. Yet in the eyes of the Chinese government, Zhou is an irreplaceable banker who managed to steer away from financial torrents and perils during his three terms of the chief of the PBOC, doing his best to postpone the arrival of crises while anticipating them.

Now, what would happen in the future depends on his luck.


The sixth bottleneck: unfair distribution and hyper wealth inequality
 
Over the last two decades, the appropriation of public and private assets by crony capitalism in China could be seen as reckless. And it resulted in phenomena of severe wealth disparity and the concentration of wealth in a handful of people. I’m sure that everyone here knew about this and to back what I just said, I will quote a set of data taken from the “Chinese People’s Livelihood Report 2014” published by the China Social Science Research Center of the Peking University:

In 2012, the Gini coefficient for net wealth of families in China was 0.73; the top 1% of families have control over a third of wealth of the whole country while the bottom 25% of families have control over only about 1% of the country’s total wealth.

Such a high degree of concentration of wealth, such a staggering figure of Gini coefficient could hardly be seen in anywhere else, not even in Zimbabwe, the worst country in Africa.

Therefore, in China, the low-income social stratum, or the poor, account for nearly 60% of the country’s population. A society with too many poor people, one which upward mobility channels are non-existent is one that is teeming with instability factors.

If a democratic country encounters three of the six bottlenecks listed above, its government would collapse and its cabinet would have to resign. But this is China, where the CPC still maintains an unchallenged rule through autocratic measures and forceful control.

Even so, these problems have to be resolved sooner or later; they cannot be put on the back burner indefinitely.

Since modern times, the humanity came up with three ways to deal with social crisis. First, the Marxist approach, this is, stage a violent revolution and start everything all over again.

Before in 1949, this kind of approach was used in China. There were farmer revolts, farmer uprisings and the Communist Revolution.

The second way is the imperialist approach: to try to resolve domestic crisis during difficult times by staging war and seeking expansion abroad.

And the third way is the Keynesian approach: to address the overproduction crisis through state interventions such as raising taxes, expanding deficit budget, resorting to stimulus, employment boost and elevate the purchasing power of the public.

The approach being used in China today is basically a combination of government regulation under a planned economy and the Keynesian measures. As we are all aware, the result of this approach is not quite good.

Which approach would China use to solve the crisis in the future? This is a question I would like everyone here to contemplate. Compared with the second and the third approaches, the first approach is the one that fits most perfectly in with the official ideology, the values of the people in China today.

Marxism would give a simple explanation to conditions such as those in China today: the root of all crises is that the vast majority of the public is exploited, their income too low; while the minority lay claim to most of the wealth in society through exploitation and privileges.

However, it is possible that we come together to find ways for China to get out of its predicament based upon the system path, cultural soil, government ideology and the thinking habit of the people in the country.

Thank you everyone.
          Prices going Down for Food and Non-alcoholic Beverages        
The inflation rate for January 2015 on year-on-year basis as calculated based on the all items, Consumer Price Index was placed at -1.28%, with a decline of 0.48% points on the December 2014 rate of 0.80%. The Zimbabwe Statistical Agency told in a statement that this sums up to costs as measured by all-items CPI declined by an average of 1.28% points from January 2014 to January 2015. An official stated that the prices have been mainly declining owing to the fact that most products were being bought from South Africa, where they apply the rand. This means that traders have been making a profit when they swap the US dollar to the rand that has lost some of its value.  He added that most prices are declining, for example, a 2-litre Fanta bottle is now priced in between US$2 and US$2.20 depending on the store. The US dollar is garnering value when compared to the rand. The non-alcoholic beverages and food inflation on year-on-year basis was prone to momentary shocks that were placed at -2.74% whereas the inflation rate for non-food products was at -0.57 %. The inflation rate on month-on-month basis in January 2015 was -0.34%, with a decline of 0.25% points on the December 2014 rate that was -0.09%.  It means that the prices, as measured by the all items CPI, declined at 0.34% average rate between December 2014 and January 2015. Annual inflation decreased in 2014 from 1.6% to 0.2% in 2013 owing to inflationary pressures.

Original Post Prices going Down for Food and Non-alcoholic Beverages source Twease
          The British Roots of the Afrikaner Designation.         
The term Afrikaner - as anyone studying its roots knows - is a political term that was first used to describe a political abstraction within a political context during the late 19th cent & was initiated by a Cape organization composed of Cape Dutch intellectuals & two individuals from Holland. As such, this term was significantly influenced by the British colonial power. The following are some quotes further outlining this fact. 

Quote: [ Another point of grotesque confusion that we need to clear up, is that Boers are not "Afrikaners". None of your co-workers seem to have any understanding of this. All Boers are aware of the systematic subterfuge and distortion of "identity" that has been the result of the makings of the Broederbond and the National Party, based upon the then image of the British imperialist gentleman. This artificial identity was meant to wean away the Boers from their strong identity, from their history, from their nationalism, and thus weaken them. ]

From: Professor Dr. Tobias Louw. Open Letter to the Institute for Security Studies. September 16 2003.





Quote: [ As a point of departure it should be stated that Cape Afrikaners, upon encountering British occupation, possessed only a rudimentary collective consciousness. The process of collective consciousness formation among them took place largely, as we have seen, under the aegis of British rule. Generations of Afrikaners had been born as British subjects before this process matured in the 1870s in ethnic political mobilization. British colonial experience, with all its contradictory ramifications, left a deep impression on their evolving collective consciousness. The manifestations of loyalty by the Afrikaner Bond serve as clear evidence thereof. It may sound somewhat speculative, but the admiration and love for the Queen may suggest that she played a role in the formation of Cape Afrikaner group identity and consciousness. They seem to have adopted Queen Victoria as a collective mother figure. Praising and congratulating the Queen on her birthday in 1890, the Z A suggested that if a president were to replace the Queen, the centrifugal forces in the Cape would increase. Cape Afrikaners seemed to have internalized their imperial monarchical experience. Beyond that, it was the balance of their colonial experience which influenced their disposition. ]

From: Page 61. Cecil Rhodes and the Cape Afrikaners. Mordechai Tamarkin.


 

Quote: [ THE "AFRIKANERS"

7.1 Thus at the time of the ending of the Second Anglo Boer War, there were three distinct ethnic groupings amongst the broad White population of South Africa:

(i) the internationally recognized and indigenous Boer people;
(ii) the Cape Dutch Settlers, loyal to the British Empire; and
(iii) the English speaking White settlers, also loyal to the British Empire.

7.2 The British Empire realized that it had to bring the Boers under control for once and for all, and therefore devised a plan to neutralize the Boer Republics - a plan to make them join up with the other two White segments of their colonies in South Africa.

7.3 The British masters of Southern Africa therefore engineered the National Convention of 1908, which saw the creation of the Union of South Africa. This union consisted of the former Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, and the two former Boer Republics. This union was not merely a geographic convenience, but a deliberate plan to try and destroy the independence minded Boers by mingling them with the Cape Dutch & English settlers.

7.4 It is worth noting that the British Empire used their technique in other parts of Africa as well -reference can be made to the short lived federation of Nyasaland (Malawi); Northern Rhodesia (Zambia); and Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) to name but one.

7.5 The prime representative of the British Empire in South Africa, Sir Alfred Milner, put it this way: "The new tactic (to subjugate the Boers) must be to consolidate the different areas of British South Africa into one nation. Although unification will be initially put the Boers into political control of the entire South Africa, it will, ironically, eventually lead to their final downfall."

7.6 This was of course precisely what happened - but not until a new name had been developed for the new "nation" which Milner spoke about. They could not continue to call the new nation a "Boer" state, because the Boers had been subjugated. They could not call it a "Cape Dutch" state, as the Dutch colonialists were now British colonialists, and they could not call it a British state, for obvious reasons. The answer then was to give a general term to all White inhabitants of the new union - "Afrikaners". Although the word originally meant "African" it was politicized by a group of Cape Dutch propagandists under one SJ du Toit in 1880 (the same year the Boers took up arms to fight the British colonialists) in literature of the time. It was then decided to try and blend the Boers into the Cape Dutch and English speaking White populations but calling them all Afrikaners instead of referring to their real ethnic bases.

7.7 This then is how the world began to hear of "Afrikaners" - although only 80 years ago there was no such word in the international vocabulary.

7.8 By forcing the Boers into the Union of South Africa, the British made them co- responsible for the policy of racial segregation, which had of course been established and legislated by the British colonial government.

7.9 The new "Afrikaners" - in fact a coalition of Cape Dutch, English speaking Whites and some Boers - tried as best they could to come to grips with the racial and geographic legacy left to them from the British colonial times - and it was from this disaster that the policy of Apartheid was developed.

7.10 It is of supreme importance to note here that the Boers were dragged unwillingly into the Union of South Africa - and at the firs