FUTEBOL NO PARAÍSO TURÍSTICO        

Tahiti: estreante em competições da FIFA




A Copa das Confederações da FIFA aqui no Brasil se avizinha, dia 15 próximo teremos o pontapé inicial do torneio em Brasilia na partida entre Brasil e Japão. E nesta competição teremos um integrante bastante inusitado que algumas pessoas sequer ouviram falar: o Tahiti (Taiti no "português brasileiro").

O Tahiti se encontra na Polinésia Francesa, território semi-autônomo pertencente à França na Oceania, mas com administração, legislação e economia próprias e uma badalada região turística que atrai milhares de viajantes o ano inteiro por suas paisagens paradisíacas, natureza exuberante e praias de águas cristalinas. É a maior ilha do arquipélago das Ilhas Sociedade e sua capital é Papeete. Sua população total é de pouco mais de 178 mil habitantes, seu regime de governo é o presidencialista, sua economia baseia-se no turismo e sua moeda é o Franco do Pacífico. 

As práticas esportivas na ilha polinésia são pouco disseminadas. A modalidade mais popular é o Va'a, ou canoa em português, que consiste numa espécie de canoagem. Outros esportes também são bastante praticados no Tahiti, como o surf, o rugby, o basquete e o futebol. Este último, inclusive, alcançou um feito notável em 2012 conforme veremos adiante.

O futebol tahitiano é bastante recente se comparado com a maioria dos países pelo mundo. E as informações disponíveis são bastante escassas como boa parte dos países da Oceania. A FTF (Federação Tahitiana de Futebol - ou Fédération Tahitienne de Football na língua local) foi fundada em 1938, mas a seleção nacional só veio estrear nos campos 14 anos depois num amistoso contra a Nova Zelândia. Ainda atuando sob o nome de Polinésia Francesa os tahitianos empataram com os neozelandeses por 2 a 2 em seus domínios. A primeira vitória oficial da seleção foi em 1953 sobre Vanuatu (então Novas Hébridas) por 4 a 3 na casa do adversário. Em 1971 o Tahiti protagonizou uma das maiores goleadas da história do futebol entre seleções: 30 a 0 nas Ilhas Cook em Papeete.

Os números, como já informado, são escassos sobre o futebol do Tahiti, inclusive na página oficial da FTF. Lá não há registros sobre os recordistas de gols e de participações com a seleção e os sites que têm algum tipo de informação não possuem fontes oficiais. O pouco que se tem conhecimento é de suas participações em competições, sobretudo nas organizadas pela OFC, a entidade que rege o futebol na Oceania. Até 2009 as participações tahitianas se resumiam à Copa das Nações da Oceania ou às Eliminatórias para Copa do Mundo, quando estreou em 1992. Participou há 4 anos pela primeira vez em sua história de um campeonato promovido pela FIFA: o Mundial sub-20. Em âmbito continental seu histórico é bastante razoável com três vice-campeonatos e um 3º lugar. Entretanto, no ano passado essa história mudou de patamar com a conquista inédita da Copa das Nações, tornando-se o primeiro país a faturar o torneio além das poderosas Nova Zelândia e Austrália. Os tahitianos levaram a taça diante da Nova Caledônia na grande decisão e novamente fizeram história ao se classificarem pela primeira vez para um campeonato com as seleções principais organizado pela FIFA: a Copa das Confederações.

Em 2012 o Tahiti conseguiu seu grande êxito em seus 61 anos de existência ao vencer a Copa das Nações da Oceania nas Ilhas Salomão. Os principais destaques da conquista heroica foram os atacantes Steevy Hue (autor do gol do título na final) e Lorenzo Tehau, os meias Jonathan e Alvin Tehau, o defensor Nicolas Vallar (capitão do time e eleito o melhor jogador do torneio), além do treinador Eddy Etaeta, ex-jogador da seleção de 43 anos e grande responsável pela campanha vitoriosa dos tahitianos.

Como já citado não há registros oficiais dos recordistas de jogos e gols pela seleção polinésia, mas podemos aqui citar alguns jogadores que, de alguma forma, tiveram destaque atuando pela equipe ao longo dos anos: o atual treinador Eddy Etaeta, Reynald Temarii (ex-presidente da OFC), o defensor Samuel Garcia, os atacantes Félix Tagawa e Tetahio Auraa, entre outros. No atual elenco todos os atletas atuam no futebol local, predominantemente no AS Dragon, principal clube do Tahiti, com exceção de um: o atacante Marama Vahirua de 33 anos, tahitiano radicado na França que chegou a atuar nas categorias de base da seleção francesa, e que defende o Panthrakikos da Grécia. Vahirua, inclusive, fará sua estreia com os polinésios nessa edição da Copa das Confederações, cuja equipe está no Grupo B ao lado de Espanha, Nigéria e Uruguai. Outro dado curioso é que apenas o mesmo Vahirua é jogador profissional, visto que todos os demais são amadores, ou seja, possuem outras ocupações como professor, bombeiro e bibliotecário, além da prática futebolística.

A seleção tahitiana joga no modesto estádio Hamuta, localizado na capital Papeete, que tem capacidade para cerca de 10 mil pessoas e é multi-uso. Após o título da Copa das Nações da Oceania no ano passado sua posição no ranking da FIFA deu uma boa guinada: hoje é a 138ª colocada. Além desta taça, a equipe da Polinésia Francesa ainda possui conquistas dos Jogos do Pacífico Sul.

Por fim, para quem é bem mais conhecido como um paraíso turístico, nada mal fazer turismo também atuando num torneio internacional em outro destino bastante visitado: o Brasil. Será uma atração e tanto em terras brasileiras.

Abaixo, dados e estatísticas da seleção que pode ser seu próximo destino nas férias.


FÉDÉRATION TAHITIENNE DE FOOTBALL (FEDERAÇÃO TAHITIANA DE FUTEBOL)

* Fundação: 1938

* Presidente: Eugene Haereraaroa

* Estádio: Hamuta (Papeete/TAH - 10 mil pessoas)

* Treinador: Eddy Etaeta

* Uniformes: Camisas brancas com detalhes vermelhos, calções vermelhos com detalhes brancos e meiões brancos com detalhes vermelhos (titular) / Camisas vermelhas com detalhes brancos, calções brancos com detalhes vermelhos e meiões vermelhos com detalhes brancos (reserva)

* Títulos (6): Jogos do Pacífico Sul (1966, 1975, 1973, 1983 e 1995) e Copa das Nações da Oceania (2012)

* Principais nomes: Eddy Etaeta, Reynald Temarii, Samuel Garcia, Nicolas Vallar, Lorenzo Tehau, Jonathan Tehau, Alvin Tehau, Félix Tagawa, Tetahio Auraa e Steevy Hue




Escudo: arquivo pessoal
Foto: Fifa.com

          A LIGA FAROESA        



HB Tórshavn: maior vencedor da Liga Faroesa




Depois de um longo e tenebroso inverno, eis que apareço novamente nesse espaço tão bacana com informação sobre a história de curiosidades do futebol. Recebi comentários, tweets e até e-mail questionando o porquê da não atualização periódica do blog. Então retorno hoje para contar um pouco mais sobre o esporte mais popular do planeta.

O futebol existe está presente nos quatro cantos do mundo, desde nas superpotências econômicas mundiais como EUA, Japão e Alemanha, até nos mais exóticas e remotas nações como Vanuatu, Taiti, Guam, entre outros. Cada lugar tem sua liga local com suas regras específicas – algumas simples e outras bem complexas e pouco inteligíveis. Nelas podemos ver times que certamente a esmagadora maioria dos amantes do esporte jamais ouviu falar, como FC Tobol Kostanay, FK Jedinstvo, Erakor Golden Star, Quality Distributors, Inter Moengotapoe, Mtibwa Sugar, entre outros. Como informação os clubes citados são respectivamente do Cazaquistão, de Montenegro, Vanuatu, Guam, do Suriname e da Tanzânia.

No post de hoje vamos falar sobre outro campeonato de nível técnico obscuro e praticamente desconhecido do restante do planeta, mas cujo país é um dos mais fascinantes no quesito paisagens naturais: o das Ilhas Faroe. Em 2009 este blog já teve publicada uma postagem sobre a seleção da região autônoma da Dinamarca, e você pode conferi-la clicando aqui.

Como dito, as Ilhas Faroe é um país pertencente à coroa dinamarquesa, entretanto é autônomo politica e economicamente falando. É um arquipélago situado entre a Noruega e a Islândia que tem aproximadamente 1400 km² de extensão e uma população de pouco mais de 50 mil pessoas segundo dados oficiais de 2012. É uma região com paisagens exuberantes com seu mar de águas azuis e montanhas verdejantes recobrindo boa parte do território. Sua capital é Tórshavn e sua moeda é a Coroa Dinamarquesa.

O desporto é bastante praticado nas Ilhas Faroe, entretanto os atletas têm que disputar modalidades olímpicas e paraolímpicas com a bandeira da Dinamarca. E como normalmente acontece na maioria dos paises pelo mundo a fora, o futebol é o esporte mais popular entre os faroeses. Sua seleção ocupa o 161º lugar no ranking da FIFA atualmente; já a liga nacional tem o 51º coeficiente pela UEFA. 

O campeonato nacional existe desde 1942, entretanto os clubes participantes só passaram a disputar competições europeias somente 50 anos depois. Entre o ano de estreia e 1975 a primeira divisão do torneio era chamada de "Divisão dos Campeões", ou Meistaradeildin em faroês. Na primeira edição apenas quatro times disputaram a taça: TB Tvøroyri, B36 Tórshavn, HB Tórshavn e KÍ Klaksvík - sendo este último seu primeiro campeão nacional. Muitas das equipes que participam da liga faroesa surgiram antes da criação da disputa, por isso disputavam o campeonato dinamarquês até seu início. A segunda divisão passou a ser disputada em 1943, contudo não havia acesso nem descenso. Até 1971 o certame envolvia apenas quatro clubes, quando a ISF, a Associação de Esportes das Ilhas Faroe, aumentou o número de participantes para 6. Cinco anos depois mais uma vaga foi aberta para a disputa e o nome da liga de elite mudou para 1.deildin (Primeira Divisão) e o sistema de rebaixamento e acesso foi introduzido - a segundona local passou a se chamar 2.deildin. O NSÍ Runavík teve o desgosto de ser o primeiro time rebaixado da história do futebol faroês, enquanto a honra da primeira promoção coube ao Fram Tórshavn.

Em 1979 foi criada a FSF, a Associação de Futebol das Ilhas Faroe, que passou a reger o campeonato faroês e, por conseguinte, já aumentou o número de equipes da primeira divisão para oito até 1988, quando finalmente o torneio passou a contar com 10 participantes, além de fazer com que dois times caíssem e subissem de divisão. Até 1992 os vencedores da 1.deildin não entravam nos torneios continentais, contudo, neste ano, a UEFA abriu vagas para os clubes faroeses disputarem tanto a Liga dos Campeões (o campeão nacional) e a Copa da UEFA (o campeão da Copa), atual Liga Europa, na primeira fase preliminar de ambos. KÍ Klaksvík e B36 Tórshavn foram os primeiros clubes da história das Ilhas Faroe a jogarem uma fase, respectivamente, da Liga e da Copa, porém sem passarem da primeira etapa.

A partir de 2006 o nome da competição sofreu algumas mudanças por motivos de patrocínios, passando a se chamar Formuladeildin entre 2006 e 2008, Vodafonedeildin entre 2009 e 2011, e Effodeildin desde então. A segunda divisão passou, então, a receber o nome de 1.deildin. A fórmula de disputa é simples e padrão na maioria das ligas europeias: jogos em turno e returno com os dez participantes em pontos corridos. O vencedor se habilita a participar da primeira fase eliminatória da Liga dos Campeões, enquanto o segundo e o terceiro lugares vão encarar a fase inicial de qualificação da Liga Europa. Os dois últimos colocados, como já visto, são relegados para a segundona nacional.

O maior vencedor da Liga Faroesa desde 1942 é o HB Tórshvan com 21 títulos, seguido do KÍ Klaksvík com 17. O atual detentor da taça é o EB Streymur. Já os maiores artilheiros de uma única edição são os ex-atacantes faroeses Uni Arge, pelo HB Tórshavn em 1997, e Fríði Johannesen, pelo B68 Toftir em 1995, ambos com 24 gols. Como não poderia ser diferente, a liga conta com alguns brasileiros, notadamente o atacante carioca Clayton Nascimento, de 34 anos, saído da base do Tigres do Brasil/RJ e desde 2002 no ÍF Fuglafjørður, artilheiro da última edição com 22 gols; e o zagueiro baiano Alex dos Santos, de 32, que começou a carreira na Portuguesa de Desportos em 2002 e hoje veste a camisa do HB Tórshavn.

Abaixo, dados e estatísticas da Liga Faroesa de futebol.


LIGA FAROESA - 1ª DIVISÃO (EFFODEILDIN)


* Fundação: 1942

* Organização: FSF - Associação de Futebol das Ilhas Faroe (Fótbólutssamband Føroya em faroês)

* Fórmula: pontos corridos com 10 clubes jogando entre si em turno e returno

* Clubes participantes em 2013 (10): 07 Vestur, AB Argir, B36 Tórshavn, EB Streymur, HB Tórshavn, ÍF Fuglafjørður, KÍ Klaksvík, NSÍ Runavík, TB Tvøroyri e Vikingur

* Campeões: HB Tórshavn (21), KÍ Klaksvík (17), B36 Tórshavn (9), TB Tvøroyri (7), GÍ Gøta (6), B68 Toftir (3), EB Streymur (2), NSÍ Runavík (1), SÍ Sørvágur (1) e VB Vágur (1)

* Maiores artilheiros de uma edição: Fríði Johannesen (pelo B68 Toftir em 1995) e Uni Arge (pelo HB Tórshavn em 1997) com 24 gols



Foto 1: UEFA.com


          Dungeon Drops [Hard Mode]        

I just started Hard Mode.. So everything is still updating.. 
You can help me fill this up by saying in the comments what items you got during your RHD
Thank You
(^_^)


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Culvert [East Mt. Mjollnir]
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Golden Thiefbug
Heart of Black Wind Ascetic Hood
Heart of Black Wind Chain Gauntlets
Heart of Black Wind Coat Hood
Heart of Black Wind Robe Gloves
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Helm
Heart of Black Wind Suit Armguards

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Wolves Cave [South Plain]
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Adventure king Poporing
Heart of Black Wind Chain Gauntlets
Heart of Black Wind Coat Gloves
Heart of Black Wind Coat Hood
Heart of Black Wind Leather Gloves
Heart of Black Wind Robe Hood
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Armguards
Heart of Black Wind Tunic Helmet

Aracnoa
Iron Heart Coat Sandals
Iron Heart Leather Vest
Iron Heart Plated Boots
Iron Heart Robe Sandals
Iron Heart Uniform Top

Red Scar
Heart of Transcend Ascetic Hose
Heart of Transcend Chain Gaiters
Heart of Transcend Coat Hood
Heart of Transcend Plated Visor
Heart of Transcend Robe Hood
Heart of Transcend Scaled Pants
Heart of Transcend Tunic Leggings
Heart of Transcend Uniform Hat

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Izrude Cave [Izrude Hill]
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Vadon King
Iron Heart Robe Shirt

Penomena
Heart of Black Wind Chain Gauntlets
Heart of Black Wind Coat Pants
Heart of Black Wind Suit Pants
Heart of Black Wind Uniform

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Temple of Sea God [Izrude Hill]
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Big Medra
Heart of Black Wind Ascetic Oversleeves
Heart of Black Wind Robe Gloves

Chief Vanuatu
Iron Heart Suit Jacket
Iron Heart Uniform Shoes

Mortal Nukakruka
Heart of Transcend Plated Visor

Sea God Leviathan
Heart of Black Wind Ascetic Boots [Contributed by Anonymous] June 13, 2013
Heart of Black Wind Ascetic Tunic [Contributed by Anonymous] June 6, 2013
Heart of Black Wind Chain Boots
Heart of Black Wind Coat Sandals
Heart of Black Wind Uniform Shoes

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Secret Forest Tomb [Payon Forest]
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Mau Commander
Heart of Black Wind Leather Gloves
Heart of Black Wind Suit Helm
Heart of Black Wind Uniform Hat
Heart of Black Wind Uniform Gloves

Holang Mushroom
Iron Heart Breastplate
Iron Heart Leather Shoes
Iron Heart Uniform Shoes
Iron Heart Uniform Top

Cursed Grave Flow
Heart of Transcend Ascetic Hood
Heart of Transcend Scaled Helm
Heart of Transcend Tunic Leggings

Evil Fire Phantom
Heart of Black Wind Suit Pants
Heart of Black Wind Tunic Gloves
Heart of Black Wind Tunic Leggings
Heart of Black Wind Uniform Bottom

Sehee
Iron Heart Coat Shirt
Iron Heart Leather Vest
Iron Heart Robe Sandals
Iron Heart Tunic Shoes

Moonlight Flower
Heart of Transcend Ascetic Hood
Heart of Transcend Leather Helmet
Heart of Transcend Robe Hood
Heart of Transcend Suit Helm

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Abandoned Laboratory [Maple Forest]
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Arrogant Reina
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Kiel MK-
Heart of Transcend Leather Helmet

Elder Gedenhard
Heart of Black Wind Leather Shoes

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Hell of Deadly Poison [Divided Plain]
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Venomer
Heart of Black Wind Ascetic Tunic
Heart of Black Wind Chain Mail
Heart of Black Wind Robe Shirt

Huge Centipede
Iron Heart Plated Gaiters
Iron Heart Uniform Bottom

Ungoliant
Heart of Transcend Ascetic Hose
Heart of Transcend Coat Shirt
Heart of Transcend Leather Gloves
Heart of Transcend Scaled Armguards

Maya Purple
Heart of Transcend Coat Shirt
Heart of Transcend Robe Sandals
Heart of Transcend Suit Brogans

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Cursed Ghost Ship [Verta Delta]
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Valatie Jeff
Heart of Black Wind Ascetic Tunic
Heart of Black Wind Breast Plate
Heart of Black Wind Chain Mail
Heart of Black Wind Leather Shoes
Heart of Black Wind Robe Shirt
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Brograns
Heart of Black Wind Tunic Vest

Francis Accel
Iron Heart Ascetic Hood
Iron Heart Ascetic Oversleeves
Iron Heart Leather Gloves
Iron Heart Leather Helmet
Iron Heart Scaled Helm

Lepar Costas
Heart of Transcend Breastplate
Heart of Transcend Leather Vest
Heart of Transcend Robe Sandal
Heart of Transcend Scaled Jacket
Heart of Transcend Tunic Vest

Lepard Frech
Heart of Black Wind Coat Hood
Heart of Black Wind Suit Helm
Heart of Black Wind Tunic Helmet
Heart of Black Wind Uniform Hat

Pinonua Delicious
Iron Heart Ascetic Hose
Iron Heart Chain Gaiters
Iron Heart Chain Gauntlets
Iron Heart Coat Gloves
Iron Heart Scaled Pants

Edith Schweiz
Heart of Transcend Tunic Shoes
Heart of Transcend Tunic Vest
Heart of Transcend Coat Shirt

Drake
Heart of Transcend Dual Dagger
Heart of Transcend Knuckle
Heart of Transcend Rod
Heart of Transcend Spear

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Fortress of Sandstorm [Sogratt Desert]
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Jeiwatch
Iron Heart Lesther Helmet
Iron Heart Leather Leggings
Iron Heart Suit Helm
Iron Heart Suit Pants

Tau-Rin
Heart of Black Wind Chain Mail
Heart of Black Wind Leather Vest
Heart of Black Wind Robe Shirt
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Brogans
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Jacket

Abrahim
Heart of Transcend Leather Leggings
Heart of Transcend Plated Gauntlets
Heart of Transcend Scaled Armguards
Heart of Transcend Suit Armguards
Heart of Transcend Suit Pants

Mustafa
Iron Heart Chain Gauntlets
Iron Heart Plated Visor
Iron Heart Scaled Helm
Iron Heart Suit Armguards

Hazard
Heart of Transcend Coat Shirt
Heart of Transcend Leather Vest
Heart of Transcend Plated Boots
Heart of Transcend Tunic Shoes
Heart of Transcend Suit Jacket

Fury Jeiwatch
Heart of Black Wind Leather Helmet
Heart of Black Wind Plated Visor
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Helm
Heart of Black Wind Tunic Leggings
Heart of Black Wind Uniform Bottom

Assassin Elder
Iron Heart Ascetic Hose
Iron Heart Plated Gaiter
Iron Heart Scaled Armguards
Iron Heart Scaled Pants
Iron Heart Suit Pants

Eremes Guile/Juliana Russil
Heart of Transcend Dual Dagger
Heart of Transcend Mace
Heart of Transcend Great Sword

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Fortress of Sandarman [Road of Bless]
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Alloy Supere
Heart of Transcend Leather Leggings
Heart of Transcend Tunic Gloves

Hudson Zerom
Iron Heart Ascetic Hose
Iron Heart Plated Visor
Iron Heart Scaled Helm

Flash Geylog
Heart of Black Wind Plated Boots
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Jacket
Heart of Black Wind Leather Shoes

Gorgonjolla
Iron Heart Chain Visor
Iron Heart Plated Visor
Iron Heart Ascetic Oversleeves

Dostoev
Heart of Transcend Ascetic Boots
Heart of Transcend Coat Sandals
Heart of Transcend Plated Boots

Lapparman Von Cherva
Heart of Black Wind Scaled Pants
Heart of Black Wind Suit Pants
Heart of Black Wind Coat Pants

Solomian La Christ/Kiel MK-III
Iron Heart Plated Gaiters
Iron Heart Robe Gloves
Iron Heart Suit Pants [Contributed by Anonymous] January 26, 2013
Iron Heart Tunic Leggings
Iron Heart Uniform Gloves [Contributed by Anonymous] June 7, 2013

Executer Meister/Prophet of Doom
Heart of Transcend Knuckle
Heart of Transcend Mace [Contributed by Anonymous] June 24, 2013
Heart of Transcend Sword
Iron Heart Spear [Contributed by Anonymous] February 17, 2013

Russil Obtained Power of Randgris
Lol



          From Ourimbah to Vanuatu: documenting a disappearing language        

Documenting an endangered Oceanic language wasn’t exactly what Amy Dewar saw in her future whilst working as a funeral director, but it’s precisely where her extraordinary journey with the University of Newcastle (UON) has led her.


          Comment on Temporary migration reservations by Tess Newton Cain        
Thanks for this Carmen, I think you've raised some very important points, especially about the need to expand the conversation and research agenda. For a similar perspective that it is largely focused on the Vanuatu context, you may like to look at <a href="http://dailypost.vu/news/listen-carefully-or-risk-killing-the-golden-goose/article_da1d5352-e22b-56ef-955d-413e986b9018.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">this item</a> I wrote earlier this year. Since then we have seen the governments of Fiji and Samoa move to restrict participation in SWP by 'punishing' villages further to misbehaviour (including overstaying) by members of their communities. The constitutionality of measures of this sort is questionable I would say but it does not seem likely that this will be tested in the courts of those countries. On receiving the bodies of 3 SWP workers killed in a RTA in Northern Queensland, the Minister of Internal Affairs in Vanuatu stated that if more workers were to die whilst working in Australia, he would put a stop to the scheme. All of which adds to what you have put forward here and should be alerting all concerned to the various strands of complexity that operate in this area and go way beyond economics.
          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

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*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          Scale of Vanuatu cyclone disaster complicates aid response        

The scale of Vanuatu’s cyclone disaster is matched only by the complexity of the required humanitarian response, according to both the government and aid workers arriving on the battered Pacific islands.

“The problem is absolutely massive,” Alice Clements, spokesperson for the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Vanuatu, told IRIN. “We have simultaneous emergencies in 65 islands, with no telecoms, accessible only by boat or helicopter, in an archipelago stretching 1,300 km.”

Vanuatu President Baldwin Lonsdale was reported by the BBC as saying the 13 March storm had "wiped out" all recent development and the country would have to rebuild "everything".

Half the population - 132,000 people - are estimated to have been affected by cyclone Pam, including 60,000 children, according to UNICEF. Initial assessments indicate 90 percent of houses have been damaged in the capital, Port Vila, with destruction on the southern island of Tanna “significantly worse”, Care Australia reported.

Twitter accounts to follow
Hanna Butler - Red Cross @hannarosebutler
OCHA - Asia Pacific             @OCHAAsiaPac
Tom Perry - CARE Australia     @thomasmperry
UNICEF - Australia       @unicefaustralia
Liam Fox - ABC News       @liamfoxabc
Radio Australia Pacific Beat     @RAPacificBeat
Tess Newton Cain             @CainTess

More than 3,300 people are sheltering in 37 evacuation centres on the islands of Torba and Penama, and the main island of Efate. But the National Disaster Management Office will need help if people remain displaced for a prolonged period. 

The humanitarian response “is almost going to be like applying a medical triage, to work out which is the most urgent”, said Clements. Aerial assessments have been carried out so far by military aircraft from Australia, New Zealand and France, with more flights scheduled for Tuesday. Commercial flights have resumed to Port Vila despite damage to the airport.

“There is need for logistics experts and light reconnaissance planes/helicopters, pilots, and fuel to deliver supplies and conduct assessments. There is also a need for sea shipping to transport food, water and rebuilding materials,” the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported. The main hospital in Port Vila is badly damaged, patients have been transferred to a newer part of the building, “but there is an urgent need for medical supplies” and “the morgue is unserviceable”.

Twenty-four people are confirmed dead so far, but the toll is expected to rise as assessment teams reach the more remote islands.

Providing clean water for survivors is a priority. There is a risk of waterborne diseases, especially dangerous for pregnant mothers and young children, and food is also likely to be a problem in the coming days with fruit trees uprooted, root crops inundated, and animal pens destroyed by the 270 km/h winds and flooding.

“Eighty percent of Vanuatu’s population engage in subsistence agriculture as a primary economic activity. It is anticipated that emergency food relief could be needed for up to a month, plus longer term recovery support,” OCHA noted.

Vanuatu has “3,000 years of experience dealing with an incredible mind-boggling range of disasters, from earthquakes to volcanos. People have great coping mechanisms, but this was a category 5 storm," Clements said.

oa/rh

101239 Vanuatu aftermath of Cyclone Pam, 13 March 2015 News Migration Environment and Disasters Scale of cyclone Pam disaster staggering IRIN NAIROBI Bangladesh Indonesia Iran Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kazakhstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Sri Lanka Myanmar Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vietnam Vanuatu
          Vanuatu reeling from impact of cyclone Pam        

The closure of the main airport in Vanuatu is hampering the humanitarian response to cyclone Pam, which tore through the Pacific island archipelago yesterday, causing colossal damage.

The airport in the capital, Port Vila, is still flooded and trees are blocking the runway, Vincent Omuga, deputy head of the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Regional Office for the Pacific, said on Saturday.

“There are lots of plans to provide regional humanitarian support, but the challenge is that the airport is not open at the moment. There are indications the government will open the airport to military flights: Australia and New Zealand have plans to move in, and UNDAC [UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination] have a nine-member team on standby, but all flights are currently suspended,” Omuga told IRIN.

Reports describe the tropical cyclone packing winds of up to 270 km/h as “devastating” and potentially one of the worst weather disasters in the region. There are unconfirmed reports of casualties, but aid agencies are warning it will take several days before there is a full picture of the storm’s impact.

Omuga said the government’s priorities are to open the airport, repair damage to hospitals, and clear the roads closed by the category 5 cyclone. It is expected to declare a state of emergency to facilitate the humanitarian response.

“Power lines are still down, there is lots of damage to infrastructure and lots of houses have been destroyed. Many provinces are flooded and inaccessible, and the islands on the eastern side [of the archipelago] were especially affected,” Omuga said.

Even a temporary damage assessment in Port Vila is constrained by the extent of the flooding and the trees and debris blocking the roads. Aid workers on the ground “have not gone out of the capital, and not even all of the capital [has been surveyed]. What they are reporting is what they can see from leaving their vehicles and walking around,” said Omuga.

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101235 Port Vila, Vanuatu, aftermath of cyclone Pam, 14 March 2015 News Environment and Disasters Aid and Policy Vanuatu reeling from cyclone Pam IRIN NAIROBI Bangladesh Indonesia Iran Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kazakhstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Sri Lanka Myanmar Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vietnam Vanuatu
          â€œDistritão” destrói partidos, anula votos, impede renovação. Não passará        

Dificilmente o “distritão” aprovado ontem na comissão da Câmara que discute a reforma política (eleitoral, dizendo mais precisamente) dificilmente será aprovado no plenário, onde precisa ter 308 e não 17 votos.

E por uma simples razão: dos atuais deputados, apenas 36 teriam suas eleições garantida se o sistema vigorasse em 2014. 477 outros dependeriam de contas e combinações de resultados para ganharem suas cadeiras embora boa parte deles fosse conseguir.

Embora o fato de mudar a composição do parlamento pareça promissor, o sistema do “distritão” é um atraso em escala planetária: em todo o mundo, só é usado em Vanuatu (um arquipélago de 83 ilhotas no Pacífico), na Jordânia e no Afeganistão. Ah, sim, também no território britânico de Pit Cairn, uma ilha perdida no meio do nada, onde vivem apenas 57 pessoas, divididas em quatro famílias, a maioria  descendentes do motim do Bounty, aquele que muita gente já viu nos filmes.

O troço, portanto,  Ã© uma aberração.Mas como a elite política brasileira também é um a aberração, prospera e volta à cena.

Um exemplo esquemático para você avaliar:

Num estado com 10 deputados e, digamos, um milhão de votos, 10 candidatos de partidos diferentes, cada um com 40 mil votos (seja porque foram prefeitos das maiores cidades, sejam “artistas” de TV, pastores evangélicos  ou, simplesmente, tenham muito dinheiro para gastar) representarão todos os habitantes, com seus 400 mil votos, somados. Mas se um partido com boas lideranças comunitárias, sindicatos, movimentos sociais tiver 10 candidatos com 25 mil votos cada e outros 10 com 15 mil votos, não elegerá nenhum deputado ainda que representem, em conjunto, os mesmos 400 mil votos.

Todos estes votos seriam, literalmente, jogados fora.

Portanto, o partido não representa nada e o poder – econômico, político e midiático – pode tudo.

Da primeira vez que se tentou isso, dois anos atrás,  a proposta foi rejeitada por 267 votos, contra  210 a favor de sua adoção. E era maio, apenas três meses depois do triunfo do então prestigiadíssimo Eduardo Cunha, seu principal patrocinador.

Agora, as oligarquias políticas tentam de novo.

O espírito de Eduardo Cunha nunca saiu do Congresso.

Fernando Brito
No Tijolaço
          OECD Tax man ready to change blacklisting rules on Panama        

FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

OECD says Panama pledge a positive step

The country faces a review on its financial services sector by the Global Forum.


Following the announcement of President Juan Carlos Varela on the commitment of Panama to exchange financial information, the director of the Center for Fiscal Policy and Administration of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Pascal Saint-Amans acknowledged that the pledge is a step forward for Panama but said the country still has a long way to go.
Saint-Amans spoke with La Prensa during the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, which concluded yesterday in Lima, Peru. The following are questions and answers from the interview.
What do you think of Varela's pledge?
It is a good step forward. In October of last year, 94 countries committed themselves to the automatic exchange of information. They pledged to implement the standard. Panama was one of the few jurisdictions that did not make the pledge, along with Bahrain, the Marshall Islands, Vanuatu and Nauru, with Panama being the only significant financial center.
Panama said it would exchange information, but that it would not accede to a multilateral convention. what is your opinion of that?
From a legal point of view, once a commitment is made, it has to be implemented. To share information, it can be done through a multilateral convention, or it can be done bilaterally. In that case, one should move fast if you want to grant the exchange of information to all interested countries that meet the standard of confidentiality.
Do you think that Panama will pass to the second phase of the review of its jurisdiction?
The peer review, which includes 30 countries, has made that recommendation to the Global Forum, which has until the end of October to decide. I think it was premature of Panama to announce that, as it broke the rules of confidentiality. It is more than likely, but who knows. There are members of the Global Forum who are not in the peer review group. We have to wait for the Global Forum, which is the sole decision-making body in this matter. In substance, it is true that the members of the review group have recognized some progress that was made in Panama.

Varela said that debate on the exchange of information should be conducted in the UN. Do you agree?
It is an opinion I respect completely. But in this case, there are 127 jurisdictions, including Panama, that are members of the Global Forum. What matters is that all countries are equal. No longer is the OECD a group of countries dictating what rules other countries have to make.
In Panama there is a concern because the steps demanded by the OECD could hurt the competitiveness of the financial services industry. Do you agree?
It is not true. Because all countries have moved. What happens is actually the opposite. Panama won a competitive advantage by not conforming. That is why other countries think that the situation is very unfair because Panama is receiving money that they have lost. The perception in Panama is really different from the perception outside.
Do you think that those flows of money look to hide the funds from tax authorities?
The reviewer group will decide that. But that's basically what we heard from the banking industry.
In the country there is a sense that a double standard is used. That the United States is not required to provide information with the same level of transparency that it demands from Panama. Is that a fair statement?
The rules are the same the United States is expected to act with reciprocity with any other country. Look at the review of the United States. It has a mark in regards to beneficiaries and they have to change. Currently they are providing required information, but not enough


- See more at: https://ssl.prensa.com/suscdigital

See also 
More Pascal Saint-Amans statements in Panama: Profits for two men and a dog http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2015/07/panama-profits-for-two-men-and-dog.html
The Economic Case for Tax Havens http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2014/10/the-economic-case-for-tax-havens.html




          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





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Lo nuevo y lo viejo

Crítica ★★★ de Tanna (Bentley Dean y Martin Butler, Australia, 2015).

Es famoso el lamento de Emerson acerca de que sus mejores ideas se las robaban sistemáticamente los antiguos; una observación tan lúcida como jocosa, que entronca con la idea borgiana de la inevitabilidad de los «malditos antecesores», cuya existencia haría siempre imposible que alguien pudiera inventar nada. Sin lugar a dudas, Martin Butler y Bentley Dean bien podrían emitir una queja similar a la de los dos escritores citados, ya que al espectador más avezado le resultará inevitable no acordarse, al ver su cinta Tanna (2015) –nominada en los Óscar a la Mejor Película Extranjera–, de una de las obras más destacadas de la historia del cine; me refiero, por supuesto, a Tabú (1931), nacida de la mano de dos cineastas geniales como lo fueron F. W. Murnau y Robert J. Flaherty. Y es que, como en este imperecedero clásico, Tanna se ambienta en una isla del Pacífico, narra una historia de amor imposible y emplea un discurso próximo al reportaje antropológico. En este sentido, es sintomático que los máximos responsables  sean creadores especializados en el género documental; como también lo es que lleven a cabo un filme de «docuficción» inspirado en los que tan bien perfiló a lo largo de su carrera Flaherty, aunque en el caso de Tanna se indique explícitamente la condición de historia ficcionada de la pieza. Ello no es óbice para que asimismo se haga constar que todos los intérpretes son habitantes de la villa de Yakel (igual que se hacía constar al principio de Tabú el origen étnico de los actores) y, también, que el argumento se basa en un hecho real, acaecido en la década de los 80 del siglo pasado.

Sin embargo, y dado que es de sobras sabido que las comparaciones son odiosas, para juzgar la calidad del largometraje que nos ocupa lo mejor es olvidarnos de su ilustre predecesora. Porque, en última instancia, si Tanna no es tan original como podría parecer a simple vista, o más allá, si en el fondo se trata de una inconfesa «puesta al día» de la película de Murnau, en cualquier caso cuenta con un planteamiento visual propio, sólido e independiente, y deviene una creación notable, cargada como se encuentra de una emoción sincera y desnuda, obtenida gracias al inteligente uso por parte de Butler y Dean de las técnicas del cinema vérité. De esta manera, a la descripción casi etnográfica de las costumbres de los aldeanos, se le suma una trama que enlaza, por su desarrollo pero también por el lirismo arrebatado de su plasmación en imágenes, con las grandes historias de amores contrariados del acervo clásico (v. gr. Tristán e Isolda, Romeo y Julieta, Isabel de Segura y Diego de Marcilla...). No en vano, lo que se interpone entre los jóvenes enamorados, Dain (Mungau Dain) y Wawa (Marie Wawa), es una costumbre de su sociedad que obvia por completo los sentimientos personales: concretamente, el hábito de que los matrimonios sean concertados por los dirigentes de la tribu, y en virtud del cual el romance de los protagonistas pone en peligro las negociaciones de paz entre su pueblo y otro vecino, con el que llevan décadas de enfrentamiento. En realidad, cuanto atañe a la historia de amor sobre la que se asienta el guion posee una encantadora cualidad atemporal, habida cuenta de lo sencillo y clásico de su desarrollo. Y con ello, además, los directores pueden recrearse en cuestiones aparentemente secundarias del relato: como el personaje de Selin (Marceline Rofit), cuya inocencia y rebeldía infantiles parecen corresponderse con la mirada del hombre primigenio; o el volcán Yasur, que al ser venerado como una deidad alcanza proporciones mitológicas conforme avanza el metraje. No es casualidad que el incidente que trunca la relación de Dain y Wawa se produzca cuando Selin esté visitando Yasur por primera vez con el chamán de la aldea, que es también su abuelo (Albi Nagia); o que en el desenlace encuentren en lo alto de su cráter a los protagonistas.

«Tanna es una obra tan pequeña como deliciosa, que, como si de la propia isla que le da título se tratara, desprende vida por los cuatro costados. Y ello no es solamente mérito de la elegancia, contención y sensibilidad extremas con las que los realizadores cuentan la tragedia de los amantes, sino también de la belleza del paisaje retratado y de las asombrosas interpretaciones de su reparto amateur. Honesta y poética, Tanna nos recuerda por enésima vez el potencial del séptimo arte para sugerir ideas y sensaciones, al mostrarnos que en las cosas aparentemente más simples radica la grandeza de la existencia».


Más ampliamente, el fuego ejerce un elevado papel simbólico en tanto creador de lo nuevo y destructor de lo antiguo. Para empezar, destaca el que emana del volcán, pues al verlo Selin empieza a comprender el misterio de la vida, pero también porque enmarcará el abrazo de Wawa con Dain cuando la primera decida vincular su destino al de su amado, en una preciosa secuencia sin palabras y con una espléndida fotografía a contraluz. Igualmente, en las tradiciones de la población el fuego ejerce una función capital, puesto que los guerreros de las tribus enfrentadas irán avivando una hoguera en torno a la que se congregan para expresar su consentimiento en los términos de paz. Y al amparo de dos fogatas será, justamente, donde Dain y Wawa reflexionen sobre su futuro, en un montaje alterno en el que las llamas aparecen apenas bajo los primeros planos de los protagonistas, vinculando así sus estados de ánimo a pesar de hallarse ambos separados por la distancia. A la zaga de lo expuesto, y en coherencia con las creencias ancestrales de los Vanuatu, Tanna está impregnada de un hálito panteísta, de forma que el ser humano no solamente se halla integrado en su paisaje, sino que este lo guía en tanto manifestación de un orden cosmológico superior. Ello explica, por ejemplo, que el encuentro de Dain y Wawa con una tribu convertida al cristianismo se salde con un chiste de lo más hilarante; y es que se trata de personas completamente extrañadas de su entorno, del espíritu del mundo. No olvidemos que los habitantes de Yakel conocen al hombre blanco, hasta el extremo de que el abuelo de Wawa le enseñará una vieja revista sobre Felipe de Edimburgo –también venerado como un dios en la zona (sic)– para hacerle comprender que los matrimonios concertados se producen, incluso, entre gente de tan alta alcurnia. Precisamente en la forma en la que trata la relación de los lugareños con el extranjero se evidencia otra de las virtudes del filme: y es la completa ausencia de paternalismo «colonialista» que posee. Porque si la vida de la aldea parece plácida, está completamente alejada del mito del buen salvaje, como lo demuestran los crueles ataques de los Imedin o la intolerancia de los poderes fácticos (con su anacrónica estructura jerárquica y patriarcal), incapaces de entender a Dain y Wawa hasta que ya es demasiado tarde. Además, su modo de vida es tratado con absoluta naturalidad, sin la más mínima delectación curiosa o subrayado «didáctico», puesto que la película adopta la perspectiva de los indígenas. Por el contrario, es el comportamiento de los blancos –o su estilo de vida, impuesto en otras partes de la isla– el que es visto como una inquietante alienación que ha matado la conexión con el pasado y que, por tanto, ha dejado a sus congéneres «perdidos». No olvidemos que el trágico final de los amantes conseguirá esa paz anhelada por ambas villas, con lo que es fácil ver en él la consumación divina de la revelación que tuvo el chamán, la evidencia palpable de la filosofía pregonada por los ancianos: «La sabiduría viene a través del sufrimiento». En resumidas cuentas, Tanna es una obra tan pequeña como deliciosa, que, como si de la propia isla que le da título se tratara, desprende vida por los cuatro costados. Y ello no es solamente mérito de la elegancia, contención y sensibilidad extremas con las que los realizadores cuentan la tragedia de los amantes, sino también de la belleza del paisaje retratado y de las asombrosas interpretaciones de su reparto amateur. Honesta y poética, Tanna nos recuerda por enésima vez el potencial del séptimo arte para sugerir ideas y sensaciones, al mostrarnos que en las cosas aparentemente más simples radica la grandeza de la existencia. O parafraseando al inmortal Walt Whitman, e igual que hace Dain en un momento determinado, vivir es pararnos a mirar el cielo para contemplar, en completo silencio, las estrellas. | ★★★ |


Elisenda N. Frisach
© Revista EAM / Barcelona


Ficha técnica
Australia, 2015. 104 minutos. Título original: Tanna. Director: Bentley Dean y Martin Butler. Guion: Bentley Dean, Martin Butler y John Collee. Fotografía: Bentley Dean. Productora: Contact Films/Screen Australia. Productores: Bentley Dean, Martin Butler y Carolyn Johnson. Música: Antony Partos. Edición: Tania Nehme. Intérpretes: Mungau Dain, Marie Wawa, Marceline Rofit, Albi Nagia, Lingai Kowia, Mikum Tainakou.


          FIFA Confederation Ranking Comparison - July 2014        

Comparing FIFA Confederations using the average FIFA ranking of the top 5 teams from each region.


5.2 - EUROPE
1 - Germany
3 - Netherlands
5 - Belgium
8 - Spain
9 - Switzerland

6.2 - SOUTH AMERICA
2 - Argentina
4 - Colombia
6 - Uruguay
7 - Brazil
12 - Chile

24.4 - CONCACAF
15 - USA
16 - Costa Rica
18 - Mexico
33 - Panama
40 - Honduras

31.4 - AFRICA
24 - Algeria
25 - Cote d'Ivoire
34 - Nigeria
36 - Egypt
38 - Ghana

51.8 - ASIA
45 - Japan
49 - Iran
52 - Uzbekistan
56 - South Korea
57 - Jordan

154.0 - OCEANIA
101 - New Zealand
136 - New Caledonia
171 - Tahiti
175 - Solomon Islands
187 - Vanuatu

          FIFA Confederation Ranking Comparison - April 2014        
Comparing FIFA Confederations using the average FIFA ranking of the top 5 teams from each region.

Top 5 Avg. - Confederation (+/- February 2013)


4.6 - EUROPE (-0.4)
1 - Spain
2 - Germany
3 - Portugal
8 - Switzerland
9 - Italy

7.0 - SOUTH AMERICA (+0.6)
4 - Colombia
5 - Uruguay
6 - Argentina
6 - Brazil
14 - Chile

26.6 - CONCACAF (+1.6)
13 - USA
19 - Mexico
32 - Honduras
34 - Costa Rica
35 - Panama

30.0 - AFRICA (+0.2)
21 - Cote d'Ivoire
24 - Egypt
25 - Algeria
38 - Ghana
42 - Cape Verde Islands

50.4 - ASIA (+0.8)
37 - Iran
47 - Japan
53 - Uzbekistan
56 - South Korea
59 - Australia

151.4 - OCEANIA (-11.6)
111 - New Zealand
136 - New Caledonia
157 - Tahiti
172 - Solomon Islands
181 - Vanuatu


          Mercredi 19 juillet 2017        
Session jeux de plateau pour ma part.
J'amène Great Western, Carson City et Vanuatu.
Je suis bien sûr ouvert à la Route du Verre, Outlive et autres joyeusetés.
          SISTER SOULJAH        
Sorry about all the griping. Things have improved vastly since my last entry. Back in July, I was very close to packing it up and leaving Queenstown without doing anymore of the local goofy adventure activities. Luckily, I got myself a new job and am back on the road to financial recovery and the occasional bungy jump (more on that later). Sure, my new gig is waiting tables, but it is full time and the place isn’t nearly as intense or pretentious as the last one. I now busy myself shilling ribs and beer at Brazz On The Green. We overlook a nice little park, so I understand the “on the Green” part, but I have no idea what “Brazz” means. Perhaps it is a clever play on “brass,” with Zs (or Zeds) replacing the Ss to juice things up a bit (everyone knows that Z and X are the coolest and edgiest letters of the alphabet). Not important. The people I work with are all very cool so far, and I haven’t once been publicly chewed out by my boss, so it’s a step up.A couple of weeks ago, I got a visit from my Big Bad Sister, Jessi. She was the first person I had seen from home since I left the real world ten months ago, and we had a blast. She bounced around New Zealand for a week before making her way down to Queenstown. Having Jessi around for a few days was the perfect excuse to blow a bunch of money on bizarre near death experiences. Our Sainted Mother made me promise to not take Jessi bungy jumping, so naturally that was our first stop. We caught a bus out to the historic Kawarau Bungy Centre (dating all the way back to 1988), which was the world’s first commercial bungy site. There is a museum there where you can learn all you ever wanted to know about the hallowed traditions of bungy jumping. A Kiwi named AJ Hackett was inspired by the strange rituals of the people of Vanuatu, who jump from towers with vines attached to there ankles to prove their manhood. Being a good Capitalist Honky, Hackett set up multiple bungy sites all over New Zealand and the rest of the world and is a millionaire now. I had already seen all that crap, so we headed strait for the bridge. They had a bunch of classic rock songs on rotation, all of them with words like “jump” and “fly” featured prominently. Jessi was the first to jump, and it was a little unnerving to hear Don MacLean singing “bye-bye, Miss American Pie” while my sister’s ankles were strapped to a cord dangling 142 feet over a river. No matter. She jumped like a champ and survived. So did I. That night, we went to see “Die Hard 4.0” (as it is titled outside the USA), which was goofy but fun.The following day, we went jetboating on the Shotover River, which was freakin’ awesome. Envision being in the fastest speedboat you can imagine going up and down rapids with jagged rocks on both sides of the river while your skipper does twists, turns and spins with spectacular mountain scenery around every corner non-stop for a half an hour and you start to get the picture. It rocked and I had a big goofy grin on my face the whole time. It was better than the best roller coaster I’ve ever been on. Kickass! That night, we took the Skyline Gondola to the top of Bob’s Peak and enjoyed a couple drinks as a snowstorm moved in. Pretty.On Wednesday, we woke up early to catch the bus to Milford Sound. I was a little wary of this since my original trip to Milford was, literally, a washout. Not this time. We had absolutely perfect weather with nary a cloud in the sky. On the same road where I last saw nothing but trees and the bottoms of waterfalls, I now saw the most awesome alpine scenery I have ever encountered. It was magnificent. Superlatives fall away in trying to describe Milford Sound on a clear day. Mitre Peak towers 5,583 feet over the ocean, with sheer rock walls from the snowcapped top to the watermark. All around us were green forests, waterfalls, and amazing rock faces. It is mind-blowing. Just go there, people. Thursday was hang gliding day. Jessi and I were picked up in town and taken halfway up the long, steep dirt road that leads to the Remarkables Ski Field. The hang glider dudes have a take off spot there with terrific views of Frankton, the Kawarau River, Lake Wakatipu and Coronet Peak. They put you in a goofy jumpsuit, harness you to the glider and tell you to run as fast as you can down the hill whilst holding on to the straps on their suits. It was fantastic and funny. Once second, you’re standing on the edge of a mountain, then you’re feeling the exhileration of flight, looking at the ant-like people and cars below, and trying to make idle chitchat with the dude piloting the glider (“so… how long you been in this line of work?”). The coolest part was when my glider dude made us do swooshing turns just above a bunch of trees. I think Jessi’s pilot did a few more of these than mine. Lucky. Landing was a bit less awe-inspiring as we touched down in a field of sheep shit. Poop not withstanding, it was about as cool a five minutes of my life as I can remember. I had to work that nite. No coffee was necessary. I had to work on friday, so Jessi went horseback riding in Glenorchy, which is a gorgeous little town up the lake that I haven’t made my way out to yet. Jessi said goodbye on Saturday morning and headed off to the first of four flights it would take her to get back to Boston. We had an awesome few days together and it was great to have someone from home visit. Now that I have most of these adrenaline junky activities out of my system (or, have they just entered my system…?) I can concentrate on working for the next few weeks. The weather is ever so slightly warming up, so living will be more comfortable. I am not sure what my next step will be, but I will be sure to let you all know. In the meantime, be sure to tune into the Rugby World Cup currently taking place in France, and support the All Blacks.

And no, I didn’t know that there was a Rugby World Cup, either. And Happy Birthday, Jess!!!
          Comment on A Guide to the Regions of Belize by cmconsidine        
that photo you have of the blue water is the blue hole in vanuatu, not belize. i would recognise that anywhere having been there so many times. check google maps if you don't believe me eg:http://www.panoramio.com/photo/70992625
          Countries in Australia        
Australia(Oceania) is the smallest continent in the world and the sixth largest country in the world,comprising of 17 countries.Here is the list of 17 countries in Australia and their capitals.



 Australia
S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Australia
Canberra
2.
East Timor
Dili
3.
Fiji
Suva
4.
Indonesia
Jakarta
5.
Kiribati
South Tarawa
6.
The Marshall Islands
Majuro
7.
Micronesia
Palikir
8.
Nauru
Yaren
9.
New Zealand
Wellington
10.
Palau
Melekeok
11.
Papua New Guinea
Port Moresby
12.
Samoa
Apia
13.
The Solomon Islands
Honiara
14.
Tonga
Nuku'alofa
16.
Tuvalu
Funafuti
17.
Vanuatu
Port Vila

          Oceania Cup Tickets on Sale        
Friday, 28 July 2017 (Melbourne, Victoria) – Tickets have now gone on sale for the 2017 Oceania Cup which will be held in Sydney from 11 – 15 October, with daily or 4-day season passes available. First held in 1999 the Oceania Cup is played every two years, and is the continental championships for the Oceania region.  The event, which will be hosted at the Sydney Olympic Park Hockey Centre, will be the next chance for the Vantage New Zealand Black Sticks men to qualify for the 2018 World Cup. The Kookaburras, Hockeyroos and Black Sticks women all qualified for the World Cup at the recent World League Semi-Finals. In order for the Black Sticks men to qualify for the 2018 World Cup they need to topple the world number two ranked Kookaburras and win the Oceania Cup. Along with Australia and New Zealand, Papa New Guinea will round out the teams competing for Oceania Cup glory and their shot at qualifying for the 2018 World Cup.    Each nation will play each other in the pool rounds before the top two ranked nations face off in the gold medal match for the glory of the Oceania Cup title. With the addition of the newly introduced Oceania InterContinental Hockey5s competition including teams from the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Tonga, Fiji and Samoa; the Oceania Cup will truly have something on offer for everyone to enjoy. Hockey Australia’s General Manager of Hockey, Ben Hartung commented: “On behalf of the Oceania Hockey Federation, we are delighted to be hosting the Oceania Cup in 2017 at the world class hockey centre at the Sydney Olympic Park.   “The rivalry between Australia and New Zealand is set to peak as the New Zealand men will be trying to utilise the Oceania Cup as qualification for the 2018 World Cup. The Hockeyroos and Kookaburras have already secured their spots at the 2018 World Cup however pride will be on the line and they will be keen to be crowned the continental champions.” Supported by Destination NSW, the Oceania Cup will bring hundreds of competitors, spectators and hockey enthusiasts together to celebrate Oceania hockey. Without the support of Destination NSW, this important event in the hockey calendar would not be possible. To ensure you don’t miss out on this exciting event, head to www.hockey.org.au/oceaniacup to secure your tickets!  Current World Rankings Men: Australia #2 New Zealand #8 Papa New Guinea #61 Women: Australia #5 New Zealand #6 Papa New Guinea #50 2017 Oceania Cup Match Schedule: Pool Phase: Play each team once Final Phase: 1st v 2nd in Gold Medal Match. No match for 3rd ranked team. Wednesday, October 11 Women's PNG v NZ 6:00pm Men's AUS v PNG 8:00pm Thursday, October 12 Women's AUS v PNG 6:00pm Men's NZ v AUS 8:00pm Friday, October 13 REST DAY Saturday, October 14 Men's PNG v NZ 3:00pm Women's NZ v AUS 5:00pm Sunday, October 15 Women's gold medal match 1st v 2nd 3:00pm Men's gold medal match 1st v 2nd 5:30pm
          Knowledge of sickness and healing, medical pluralism, and health seeking in Vanuatu        

Knowledge and belief systems combining Christian and indigenous spiritual contexts are often central to causal explanations for illness and death in Vanuatu. As throughout the Pacific region, these are linked to a heavy reliance on what are typically described in public health and related development literature as “traditional healers.” Even so, very little systematic research […]

The post Knowledge of sickness and healing, medical pluralism, and health seeking in Vanuatu appeared first on Devpolicy Blog from the Development Policy Centre.


          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our team is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps, VISAs and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. To get the additional information and place the order just visit our website: http://www.salepassportsfake.cc www. salepassportsfake.cc >> Contact e-mails: General support: support@salepassportsfake.cc Technical support: admin@salepassportsfake.cc ----------------------------- Keywords: buy false/fake ID card of Afghanistan buy false/fake ID card of Albania buy false/fake ID card of Algeria buy false/fake ID card of Andorra buy false/fake ID card of Angola buy false/fake ID card of Antigua & Deps buy false/fake ID card of Argentina buy false/fake ID card of Armenia buy false/fake ID card of Australia buy false/fake ID card of Austria buy false/fake ID card of Azerbaijan buy false/fake ID card of Bahamas buy false/fake ID card of Bahrain buy false/fake ID card of Bangladesh buy false/fake ID card of Barbados buy false/fake ID card of Belarus buy false/fake ID card of Belgium buy false/fake ID card of Belize buy false/fake ID card of Benin buy false/fake ID card of Bhutan buy false/fake 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. To get the additional information and place the order just visit our website: http://www.salepassportsfake.cc www. salepassportsfake.cc >> Contact e-mails: General support: support@salepassportsfake.cc Technical support: admin@salepassportsfake.cc ----------------------------- Keywords: sell false/fake ID card of Afghanistan sell false/fake ID card of Albania sell false/fake ID card of Algeria sell false/fake ID card of Andorra sell false/fake ID card of Angola sell false/fake ID card of Antigua & Deps sell false/fake ID card of Argentina sell false/fake ID card of Armenia sell false/fake ID card of Australia sell false/fake ID card of Austria sell false/fake ID card of Azerbaijan sell false/fake ID card of Bahamas sell false/fake ID card of Bahrain sell false/fake ID card of Bangladesh sell false/fake ID card of Barbados sell false/fake ID card of Belarus sell false/fake ID card of Belgium sell false/fake ID card of Belize sell false/fake ID card of Benin sell false/fake ID card of 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. To get the additional information and place the order just visit our website: http://www.salepassportsfake.cc www. salepassportsfake.cc >> Contact e-mails: General support: support@salepassportsfake.cc Technical support: admin@salepassportsfake.cc ----------------------------- Keywords: buy false/fake drivers license of Afghanistan buy false/fake drivers license of Albania buy false/fake drivers license of Algeria buy false/fake drivers license of Andorra buy false/fake drivers license of Angola buy false/fake drivers license of Antigua & Deps buy false/fake drivers license of Argentina buy false/fake drivers license of Armenia buy false/fake drivers license of Australia buy false/fake drivers license of Austria buy false/fake drivers license of Azerbaijan buy false/fake drivers license of Bahamas buy false/fake drivers license of Bahrain buy false/fake drivers license of Bangladesh buy false/fake drivers license of Barbados buy false/fake drivers license of Belarus buy false/fake 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          Vanuatu Goes Local To Fight Obesity        
The Pacific island nation of Vanuatu is planning a partial ban on imported high-energy junk foods that spur obesity.
          DNA reveals earliest ancestors of Pacific Islanders came from Asia        
PACIFIC PEOPLE ORIGINS: The earliest seafaring ancestors of people living in South Pacific islands such as Vanuatu and Tonga arrived from Asia, an analysis of ancient DNA from four skeletons reveals.
          YJ0GB, Vanuatu Is.        


Michael  G7VJR / 8 agosto 2017
Estaré en Efate, Vanuatu Is. OC-035 del 2 al 18 de marzo 2018. QRV en bandas de HF como YJ0GB.
Qsl vía OQRS M0OXO.

73´s, Luis EA1CS
          YJ0CX, Vanuatu        


Humberto CX3AN una vez finalizada su operación desde Samoa como 5W0HA ( CLICK ), viajará a Vanuatu para operar como YJ0CX del 27 agosto al 3 de setiembre 2017. Especial atención  a 30 y 40mts en Cw y a los 20 y 17mts en Ssb.

Qsl vía CX3AN.

73´s, Luis EA1CS

          OIM/Barge Supervisor/Ballast Control Operator Licensing Course - Intertek Consulting & Training , Abu Dhabi         

This course is offered in lieu of Flag State examination and has been approved by the Vanuatu, Panama and Marshall Island Maritime Authorities. The course meets the training requirements of IMO Resolution (28) - Recommendations for the Training and Certification of Personnel on Mobile Offshore Units (MOUs).

The course is approved by the United States Coast Guard, and satisfies the training requirements of US Code of Federal Regulations for licensing of personnel on board Mobile Offshore Drilling Units.

Course Content:
The course content is based on subject material that is testable by the USCG and the Flag State authorities for each level of endorsement. The following topics will be discussed and reviewed:

Stability
MODU Regulations
Maritime Law
Vessel Construction
Emergency Procedures
Rules of the Road
Seamanship
Anchors and Mooring
Towing
Survival Craft
Weather
Hydrogen Sulfide
Engineering
Radiotelephone

Cost:

Certified


          GBIF abre convocatoria BID a propuestas del Caribe y el Pacífico        

GBIF invita a la presentación de propuestas de financiamiento del Caribe y el Pacífico bajo el programa de Información de Biodiversidad para el Desarrollo (BID). El financiamiento total potencialmente asignado a estas dos convocatorias es de €1.000.000, o €500.000 para cada región.

Lea las convocatorias completas para:

La primera fase del financiamiento de proyectos a través del BID proveyó cerca de €1 millón a 23 proyectos en el África sub-sahariana. Los beneficiarios incluyen 34 organizaciones de 20 países africanos, cuyos proyectos fueron merecedores de selección por un jurado internacional a partir de un grupo inicial de 143 propuestas.

Las nuevas convocatorias para el Caribe y el Pacífico buscan proyectos que:

  • Movilizarán datos de biodiversidad relacionados con áreas protegidas, especies amenazadas y especies invasoras
  • Usarán y extenderán mejores prácticas para digitalizar colecciones de historia natural y movilizar otros datos de biodiversidad
  • Aplicarán datos de biodiversidad en apoyo a la toma de decisiones e investigación
  • Desarrollarán redes nacionales, regionales o temáticas duraderas para apoyar el compartir y reutilizar datos

Tipos de financiamiento

GBIF invita propuestas en tres categorías generales de financiamiento.

  1. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad regionales que establecen o fortalecen colaboraciones internacionales para incrementar la disponibilidad y utilización de datos de biodiversidad. NOTA: Un consorcio regional debe involucrar socios de al menos tres diferentes países o territorios de ultramar de la región. El coordinador del consorcio y al menos uno de los otros socios debe estar localizados en un país de la region (ver la lista de países elegibles en el Caribe y el Pacífico). Cada socio puede recibir hasta €20.000 y el coordinador del consorcio puede recibir un máximo de €30.000.
  2. Financiamiento para movilización de datos de biodiversidad nacionales que establecen o fortalecen instalaciones de información en biodiversidad nacional e incrementar los datos de biodiversidad disponibles acerca del país para responder a prioridades nacionales. Hasta €60.000 serán puestos a disposición por financiamiento nacional.
  3. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad pequeños que movilizan datos de biodiversidad relevantes para prioridades de conservación de biodiversidad con un máximo de €5.000.

Proceso de solicitud y cronograma

Dos jurados de expertos internacionales con experiencia en las regiones respectivas, evaluará las solicitudes a través de un proceso competitivo de dos etapas.

  • Notas conceptuales iniciales, usando las plantillas provistas, debe ser entregada antes del 10 de Noviembre del 2016.
  • Basado en las recomendaciones de los jurados, GBIF invitará un grupo seleccionado de solicitantes a preparar propuestas completas, para entregar a principios de Febrero del 2017.
  • Luego de una revisión y selección final a cargo de los jurados, GBIF anunciará los proyectos a financiar en Mayo del 2017.

Las plantillas de la nota conceptual y las directrices que le acompañan están disponibles para cada uno de los tres tipos de beca en el sitio de los solicitantes al BID.

Aquellos interesados en recibir actualizaciones sobre el programa BID pueden inscribirse para recibir alertas de correo electrónico. Preguntas y solicitudes generales pueden ser enviadas a BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Este programa está financiado por la Unión Europea.

 


Nuestro agradecimiento a William Ulate, Biodiversity Heritage Library / TDWG / Missouri Botanical Garden, y Anabela Plos, GBIF Argentina, por su ayuda con la traducción al español.

Images 
Isla de manglares

Isla de manglares, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

GBIF area 
Programme 
Organizations 
Content stream 
Post to Facebook 
Translation source 
GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF ouvre deux appels à projets BID pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique        

GBIF invite dès maintenant à soumettre des projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique en vue d’obtenir un financement dans le cadre du programme BID (l'Information sur la Biodiversité pour le Développement). Le montant total potentiel de ces deux appels à projets est 1.000.000 €, soit 500.000 par région.

Voyez ici les appels à projets détaillés:

La première phase du projet BID a permis de financer pour près d’un million d’euros 23 projets en Afrique subsaharienne. Les bénéficiaires sont 34 organisations issues de 20 pays africains dont les projets ont été sélectionnés par un jury international parmi 143 propositions initiales.

Ce nouvel appel à projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique cible des projets visant à :

  • Mobiliser des données sur la biodiversité concernant les zones protégées, les espèces menacées et les espèces exotiques envahissantes.
  • Utiliser et étendre les bonnes pratiques pour la numérisation des collections d’histoire naturelles et la mobilisation d’autres types de données.
  • Utiliser les données de biodiversité pour la prise de décision et la recherche.
  • Développer des réseaux nationaux, régionaux et thématiques durables de façon à soutenir les activités futures de partage et de réutilisation des données.

Catégories de subventions

GBIF lance un appel à projets pour trois grandes catégories de subventions:

  1. Subventions régionales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant des collaborations internationales visant à augmenter la disponibilité et l’usage des données sur la biodiversité. A NOTER : un consortium régional doit impliquer des partenaires issus d'au minimum 3 pays / territoires d’outre-mer de la région. Le coordinateur du consortium et au moins un autre partenaire doivent être situés dans un pays ACP (voir la liste des pays éligibles dans les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique). Chaque partenaire pourra recevoir jusqu’à 20.000 €, et le coordinateur du consortium pourra recevoir jusqu’à 30.000€.
  2. Subventions nationales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant un point nodal GBIF national et visant à augmenter la quantité de données disponibles sur le pays de façon à répondre aux priorités nationales. Jusqu’à 60.000 € pourront être alloués par subvention nationale.
  3. Petites subventions pour la mobilisation de données mobilisant des données de biodiversité adaptées aux priorités en matière de conservation, pour un financement maximal de 5000 €.

Procédure et délai

Deux jurys composés d’experts internationaux ayant de l’expérience dans la région évalueront les propositions selon une procédure en deux temps :

  • Une note conceptuelle initiale utilisant le formulaire fourni devra être soumise au plus tard le 10 novembre 2016.
  • Suivant les recommandations du jury, le GBIF invitera un groupe candidats sélectionnés à préparer une proposition détaillée pour début février 2017.
  • Après une évaluation finale et une sélection par les jurys, les projets financés démarreront en avril 2017.

Le formulaire pour la note conceptuelle et les recommandations associées sont disponibles sur le site BID pour chacune des trois catégories de subventions.

Si vous souhaitez recevoir les nouvelles informations sur le programme BID, vous pouvez vous inscrire aux alertes par courriel. Les questions et demandes d’ordre général peuvent être transmises à BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Ce programme est financé par l'Union européenne.

 


Nos remerciements à Nicolas Noé, Belgian Biodiversity Platform pour le soutien de la traduction.

 

 

Images 

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific        

GBIF invites the submission of proposals for funding from the Caribbean and the Pacific through the EU-funded Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme. The total potential funding assigned to these two calls is €1,000,000, or €500,000 for each region.

Read the complete calls for:

The first phase of project funding through BID provided nearly €1 million to 23 projects in sub-Saharan Africa. The recipients include 34 organizations from 20 African countries, whose projects earned selection by an international panel from an initial pool of 143 initial proposals.

The new calls for the Caribbean and the Pacific seek projects that will:

  • Mobilize biodiversity data relating to protected areas, threatened species, and invasive alien species
  • Use and extend best practices for digitizing natural history collections and mobilizing other biodiversity data
  • Apply biodiversity data in support of decision-making and research
  • Develop lasting national, regional or thematic networks to support ongoing data sharing and reuse

Types of grants

GBIF invites proposals in three broad categories of grants.

  1. Regional biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen international collaborations to increase the availability and use of biodiversity data. NOTE: A regional consortium must involve partners from a minimum of three different countries or overseas territories from the region. The consortium coordinator and at least one other partner must be located in an ACP country (see the list of eligible countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific). Each partner can receive up to €20,000 and the consortium coordinator may receive a maximum grant of €30,000.
  2. National biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen national biodiversity information facilities and to increase the biodiversity data available about the country to respond to national priorities. Up to €60,000 will be made available per national grant.
  3. Small biodiversity data mobilization grants that mobilize biodiversity data relevant for biodiversity conservation priorities with a maximum funding of €5,000.

Application process and timeline

Two panels of international experts with experience in the respective regions will evaluate applications through a competitive two-stage process.

  • Initial concept notes, using the templates provided for the Caribbean and the Pacific, must be submitted by 10 November 2016.
  • Based on the panels’ recommendations, GBIF will invite a select group of applicants to prepare full proposals, due in early February 2017.
  • Following a final review and selection by the panels, funded projects will start in April 2017.

The concept note template and accompanying guidelines are available for each of the three grant types on the BID grantseekers’ site.

Those interested in receiving updates on the BID programme can sign up for email alerts. General questions and inquiries may be sent to BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

Images 
Mangrove island

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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          DEATH BY DROWNING - THE NEXT PHASE OF INDOCTRINATION? - PART 3        

"Rising Sea Levels"???


The first two articles in this series (http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2010/09/death-by-drowning-next-phase-of.html and http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2010/09/death-by-drowning-next-phase-of_29.html) looked at the possible motives of two publishing companies (Bloomsbury in the UK and McFarlane and Co. in the USA) for getting involved in what looks like a very small (and reducing?) niche market, the climate change debate.


UPDATES:

2013-05-27: Footnote 1 updated with a comment from Dr. Nils Axel-Morner on St. Louis, Senegal. 


Part 1 questioned whether Bloomsbury was motivated by altruism (not apparent) or by vested individual interest beyond the direct interests of the company itself (a possibility). Bloomsbury had reported falling profits for several years up to 2010, e.g. a 2008 report “Bloomsbury profit to fade without Harry Potter or JK Rowling” in the Sundy Times (http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/business/industries/media/article2176591.ece) suggests a reason for this. Bloomsbury was the subject of a degree of Master of Publishing project “Acquiring Knowledge: Bloomsbury’s Foray into the Academic and Online Markets” by Connor Barnsley B.A., Simon Fraser University, 2009, since when Bloomsbury has reported erratic performance (e.g. see http://www.digitallook.com/dl/news/story/20113283/E-book_surge_bolsters_Bloomsbury_profit.html and http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnologyandtelecoms/9632697/Bloomsbury-profit-falls-with-sales-of-childrens-books.html).

In that same year 2008 McFarland too reported having difficult economic times. Could the interest in climate change by both Bloomsbury and McFarland be simply an attempt to jump on an UN-driven Catastrophic Anthropogenic Climate Change (CACC) gravy train? If so then they may have missed out. Although at that time the train was powering along the track following the IPCC’s scary Fourth Assessment Report in 2007 it has been experiencing serious engine trouble since 2009 following Climategate. As a consequence of that and subsequent IPCC-gate scandals it could to be heading off the rails completely.

Part 2 of this series focussed on a booklet “Rising Sea Levels” that McFarland had commissioned with a former US diplomat-turned writer. This booklet, which was published in 2012, was originally to be written by Hunt Janin and Ursula Carlson (a writing and literature teacher). The eventual authors were Hunt Janin and Scott Mandia, a physical sciences teacher and staunch supporter of the CACC hypothesis. It is noticeable that the list of people acknowledged for helping the authors (http://www.amazon.co.uk/Rising-Sea-Levels-Introduction-Impact/dp/0786459565) does not include sea-level expert Dr. Nils-Axel Morner, formerly head of Stockholm University’s Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics Department (http://www.mitosyfraudes.org/Calen7/MornerEng.html) - see Footnote 1 for more on Dr. Morner.

Scott Mandia studied Meteorology to MSc level at Pennsylvania State University (http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/mandias/_Mandia%20CV.pdf) which may explain why he is such a fervent supporter of the CACC hypothesis. After all, Penn State’s Distinguished Professor of Meteorology is no less than Dr. Michael Mann (http://ploneprod.met.psu.edu/people/mem45) of “Hockey Stick” fame (http://www.amazon.co.uk/Illusion-Climategate-Corruption-Science-Independent/dp/1906768358) – see Footnote 2 for more on Dr. Mann..

Scott Mandia is also “ .. Co-founder and current manager .. ” of the Climate Science Legal Defense Fund (www.climatesciencedefensefund.org) and “ .. Co-founder and current matchmaker .. ” of the Climate Science Rapid Response Team (www.climaterapidresponse.org). Dr. Judith Curry wrote an interesting commentary about that latter organisation and quoted Scott Mandia “ .. After reading that book, I became a climate change evangelist .. ”. Dr. Curry commented that “ .. Scott Mandia’s statements that i cited clearly smack of activism, and of something much more than improving scientific understanding .. ” (http://judithcurry.com/2010/11/24/engaging-the-public-on-the-climate-change-issue/#comment-14632).

Scott Mandia admits to being a climate change evangelist, i.e. he defends or maintains the CACC cause, therefore his pronouncements on CACC cannot be relied upon as being sound science. His co-author Hunt Janin acknowledged knowing virtually nothing about the issue of rising sea levels and trolled the Internet collecting information for his booklet. On that basis it is easy to imagine the message the booklet attempts to promulgate. It is simply another of many CACC propaganda booklets published in support of the politicised science promoted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for reasons far removed from taking over Nature's job of controlling the different global climates (see "Rio+20 Fiasco - but Beware the Club of Rome and Agenda 21" - http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/rio20-fiasco-but-beware-agenda-21.html).

On the other hand, sea level expert Dr. Nils-Axel Mörner said recently “ .. With very great pleasure did I consume the paper by Faezeh et al. (2013) .. After a careful study of four major marine-terminating outlet glaciers, collectively draining 22% of the Greenland Ice Sheet, they were able to estimate the annual dynamic losses at volumes corresponding to a mean global sea level rise of 0.01–0.06 mm per year. In 100 years this would only give a sea level rise on 1-6 mm, which is insignificant. By applying a hypothetical future warming or 2.8 oC they increase this value to 19–30 mm rise by year 2200 (or about 9-15 mm by year 2100). Even this value is so low that it poses no threat what so ever to humanity .. ” (http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/consequences-of-greenland-ice-melt.html).

In his 6th Dec. 2012 Science and Public Policy Institute publication "Sea Level is not Rising" Dr. Morner concludes " .. Observational facts indicate that sea level is by no means rapidly rising. It is quite stable. This is the case in key sites like the Maldives, Bangladesh, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Saint Paul Island, Qatar, French Guyana, Venice, and northwest Europe .. I hope that by this research we can free the world from the artificial crisis to which the IPCC has condemned it. There will be no extensive or disastrous global sea-level rise in the near future. That was the main threat in the IPCC’s arsenal of bugaboos, and now it is gone .. " (http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/images/stories/papers/reprint/sea_level_not_rising.pdf).

Unlike Scott Mandia, Dr. Mörner is not a climate change evangelist trying to indoctrinate community college students with his own opinions on the CACC hypothesisis. Dr. Morner is a highly respected scientist internationally recognised for his expertise regarding sea level research who was President of the INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution from 1999-2003.

FOOTNOTES:

1) Dr. Nils-Axel Mörner was interviewed by Gregory Murphy on 6th June 2007 for EIR. " .. Dr. Nils-Axel Mörner is the head of the Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics department at Stockholm University in Sweden. He is past president (1999-2003) of the INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution, and leader of the Maldives Sea Level Project. Dr. Mörner has been studying the sea level and its effects on coastal areas for some 35 years. (http://www.climatechangefacts.info/ClimateChangeDocuments/NilsAxelMornerinterview.pdf)

In his 30th July 2003 paper "SEA LEVEL CHANGES: OBSERVATIONS VERSUS MODELS" presented at the XVI INQUA Congress Dr. Morner said " .. According to the glacial loading models, global sea level is now rising by 2.4 mm/year or 1.8 mm/year. The IPCC models have hypothesised of a very rapid rise in the near future, ranging for original wild estimates of 1-3 m in a century to the presently advocated value of 47 +37 mm in a century. The INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution .. hosts the true world specialists on sea level research. This commission has presented an observationally based analysis of the present sea level changes and the changes to be expected in the next century. Both the glacial loading models and the ICPP scenarios are strongly contradicted by observational data for the last 100-150 years that cannot have exceeded a mean rate of 1.0-1.1 mm/year. In the last 300 years, sea level has been oscillation close to the present with peak rates in the period 1890-1930. Sea level fell between 1930 and 1950. The late 20th century lacks any sign of acceleration. Satellite altimetry indicates virtually no changes in the last decade. Therefore, observationally based predictions of future sea level in the year 2100 will give a value of +10 +10 cm (or +5 +15 cm), by this discarding model out-puts by IPCC as well as global loading models. In conclusions, there are firm observationally based reasons to free the world from the condemnation to become extensively flooded in the 21st century AD .. " (https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/inqu/finalprogram/abstract_54461.htm).

On 27th May 2013 this comment by Dr. Morner was forwarded by Rev. Philip Foster ( at one time proposed as Principia Scientific International's "Compliance Officer" - see Section 3.8 of "SpotlightON - PSI and PSI Acumen Ltd - http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/spotlighton-principia-scientific.html) QUOTE: ..

Bad planning – no sea level rise
behind “drowning” of St. Louis, Senegal

Comments by Nils-Axel Mörner

It was recently claimed (Times LIVE, May 26) that the City of St. Louis in the delta area of Senegal River in West Africa is on its way of drowning due to climate change.
http://www.timeslive.co.za/scitech/2013/05/26/climate-change-drowning-venice-of-africa

In the text, we learn that “the city is plagued by flooding during the rainy season when the river overflows”. This implies that the flooding has nothing to do with a rising sea level.

Further in the text, we read: “In 2003, heavy rain in the drainage basin of the Senegal River alarmed the authorities who feared the water would rise above critical levels and so dug a new outlet for the river water across the spit. The channel was about 100 metres (328 feet) in length and 4 metres wide but grew rapidly in the first days as the sea flooded into the river mouth and continued to widen to more than 2 kilometres across today”.

So it was the digging of a new channel that altered the conditions and initiated the erosion and flooding into the river. This is bad planning and has nothing to do with “climate change”.

It is a convenient way, however, of transferring the blame on the builder to the blame of climate change – and so they think, they are free of guilt.

Convenient maybe, but neither honest nor ethical.

This is a side of the “climate change” issue that unfortunately has become increasingly common.

 .. UNQUOTE.

2) Dr. Mann wrote a glowing review of the Janin/Mandia booklet QUOTE: ..  "if you’re looking for a comprehensive discussion of one of the most pressing issues on the planet...the threat of global sea level rise...then this is the book for you." -- Michael E. Mann, Penn State University, Nobel Peace Prize winner .. UNQUOTE (http://mcfarlandbooks.com/book-2.php?id=978-0-7864-5956-8).

It appears that Dr. Mann was NOT a “Nobel Peace Prize winner”. “ .. The prize was  awarded to the IPCC as an organization, and not to any individual associated with the IPCC. Thus it is incorrect to refer to any IPCC official, or scientist who worked on IPCC reports, as a Nobel laureate or Nobel Prize winner .. ” (http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/nobel/Nobel_statement_final.pdf). That the same misleading claim was made on the inside of the front cover of Dr. Mann’s own book “The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars” (http://www.meteo.psu.edu/holocene/public_html/Mann/books/hockeystick/images/Mann_flyer.pdf). 




          UNICEF usará drones para entregar vacunas en islas remotas de Vanuatu        
El gobierno de Vanuatu anunció el inicio de un nuevo programa piloto de entrega de vacunas con drones a comunidades que viven en islas remotas del océano Pacífico.
          S'acosta Sant Jordi i us recomano alguns llibres de viatges (4)        
I anem per la quarta recomanació literària per Sant Jordi, avui un clàssic no gaire conegut que segur que us agradarà...

TRES ANYS A LES NOVES HÈBRIDES de Manuel Bosch Barrett

L'any 1935, l'advocat barceloní Manuel Bosch va ser nomenat president del Tribunal Mixt de les Noves Hèbrides (actualment Vanuatu), un remot arxipèlag del Pacífic Sud aleshores disputat per britànics i francesos. Amb aquest insòlit encàrrec, abandonà Barcelona el febrer de 1936 per emprendre el llarg i apassionant viatge.

 Al llarg del llibre, es van succeint com un calidoscopi multicolor les diverses escales de la seva singladura- Port Saïd, Djibouti, Ceilan, Singapur, Saigon, Hong Kong, Canton, Macau, Java, Bali, Nova Guinea... abans d'arribar al seu destí, on ha d'exercir el seu càrrec d'alt funcionari colonial, sense oblidar la llarga estada a Tahití, que l'autor defineix com un dels pocs paradisos que queden a la terra.

Enllaç per comprar-ho
          Chapter 100        
Being the tourist in Vanuatu Barry, from Pango Village, seemed to take us in tow with his mini bus. Crews were divided into three groups to be guests at three villages, and ours was Pango Village; so, on Friday afternoon, Barry collected us and took us out to see the village and the food being …
          Guatemala Quetzal(GTQ)/Vanuatu Vatu(VUV)        
1 Guatemala Quetzal = 14.6374 Vanuatu Vatu
          Teil 5: Die verrücktesten Bräuche weltweit - Extrem gefährlich: Diese Ureinwohner haben Bungee-Jumping erfunden        
Wussten Sie, dass Bungee-Jumping keine Erfindung westlicher Adrenalin-Junkies ist? Die Urform dieses Extremsports geht auf die männlichen Einwohner des Südsee-Archipels Vanuatu zurück: Fast nackt stürzen sich junge Insulaner an Lianen kopfüber von klapprigen Holztürmen in die Tiefe - aus verschiedenen Gründen.Von FOCUS-Online-Autorin Michaela Strassmair
          Venta:- apple iphone 4g 32gb black unlocked/ black berry torch 9800/ nokia c3        
Apple iphone 4g 32gb negro ....$ 450 blckberry antorcha 9800 ... $ 400 nokia c3 ... $ 250 1 unidad gratis por cada 5 unidades de compra e incluyente telkom promo camiseta. Y damos descuento por cada 10 unidades. nuevo en caja! **** 15 cada uno disponible **** *** 100% originales! *** mundial de todo el envío! ! ! que incluyendo los siguientes países: ee.uu., reino unido, canadá, australia, brunei, nueva caledonia, nueva zelanda, papua nueva guinea, austria, bélgica, dinamarca, fiji, finlandia, francia, alemania, grecia, irlanda, italia, luxemburgo, malta, noruega, portugal, vanuatu , españa, suecia, suiza,: para
          Human Rights, Climate Change, Fossil Fuels and Civil Society        
Last week I participated in the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre's event on Climate Change and International Human Rights Law. Below are my speaking notes.

My name is Julie-Anne Richards, and I’m here today partly in my capacity as Oxfam and also as Climate Justice Programme.  Oxfam needs no introduction.  Climate Justice Programme has been working in this area for a long time.  In 2003 CJP sent letters formally placing the major polluters and emitters of greenhouse gases on notice, reminding them of their potential legal liability if they failed to address the risks of climate change posed by their activities.  CJP also commissioned the Carbon Majors work - more on that later.

I feel the need to start with a reality check:
With less than 1 degree of warming we have already gone beyond the most vulnerable people’s capacity to adapt to climate change.  

The worst-ever typhoon (Haiyan) has wreaked devastation in the Philippines, possibly the worst cyclone in the Pacific (Pam) destroyed or damaged 80% of buildings in Vanuatu;  increasingly severe droughts in Africa and the Middle East have resulted in hunger, people forced off their land and conflict;  floods here in the UK and elsewhere;  the heat wave baking India right now has so far killed 1,000 people;  and “super” fire storms have become an all too frequent event in California and my home country Australia.

Climate change is possibly the biggest justice issue of all time.  Caused by the fossil fuel companies, but whose impacts largely fall upon those who have done the least to cause the crisis - the poorest and most vulnerable.  The people that Oxfam works with and for.   But lest we be lulled into a false sense of security, an analogy can be made to the Titanic. Those of us lucky enough to be here in first class or the “first world” might feel safe and secure, whilst those in “third class” are dealing with the icy water.  But the hull has been breached. and unless we do something about that breach, we’re all going down.

We have limited time to turn our trajectory around.  there are some key moments coming up - the Paris COP at the end of this year must be a crucial turning point - a point at which the world’s governments, business and citizens realise that we must do things differently.  

Happily, the world’s citizens are waking up. 400,000 people in the streets of NYC and nearly 3,000 events in 162 countries last September called loudly for ‘climate action now’.  The lead up to Paris will see more people, more voters on the street calling for action even more loudly.  

And organised civil society is also waking up and doing things differently.

There is more solidarity across civil society in seeing the links between climate change and other social issues - including inequality.

And there has been an increasing focus on the human rights aspect of climate change (for which the IBA can take some of the credit), and messaging of climate change from a values perspective (some of you may be familiar with the For The Love Of campaign).

Perhaps most noteworthy is a shift to identify and focus on the real climate change villains - the fossil fuel industry.

Both the excellent work done by Carbon Tracker on the Carbon Bubble - which showed that we have to leave 80% of fossil fuels in the ground - and the great work done by Bill McKibben and 350.org in making this “terrifying maths” and the solution to it personal and actionable - through their divestment campaign.

The divestment campaign has inspired enthusiasm worldwide, causing something like $50bn of funds to be allocated away from fossil fuel companies and within the last week forced the Commonwealth Bank to close branches in Melbourne and Sydney CBD and across Australia.  And soon, the biggest pension fund in the world, the Norwegian Pension Fund, might announce they will divest from coal.

A second, and important, nail in the fossil fuel coffin was the publication of the Carbon Majors research in late 2013.  the result of 8 years of work, this study helps to solve the ‘attribution’ dilemma.  We now know that Chevron, Exxon Mobil and Saudi Aramco are each responsible for more than 3% of global historical emissions.  And that BP, Shell, Gazprom are each responsible for more than 2% of emissions.

Together the products from these 90 “Carbon Majors” are responsible for two thirds of climate pollution since the industrial revolution began.  Two thirds of the climate change we - and poor people - are experiencing today.

This work opens the way for two options.

The first is litigation.  there are legal strategies and a number of cases being prepared now to bring against the fossil fuel industry by civil society. It’s highly likely that civil society won’t be the only ones bringing cases. As attribution of specific events improves (including through the work that Oxford University are doing) the insurance industry must surely be looking to recoup some of its monumental costs for events like Hurricane Sandy - $10-28bn.  There are already examples of governments taking to courts to seek injunctions (FSMicronesia against coal power in Czech Republic), no doubt there will be other examples as governments face increasing costs.

The second option, is a proposal that CJP and the Heinrich Boll Foundation put forward roughly a year ago, that the fossil fuel industry should pay for the climate damage of their products via a global fossil fuel extraction levy paid into the international mechanism for loss and damage.

The concept of a global fossil fuel extraction levy being paid into an international compensation mechanism for loss and damage has a solid basis in law and it has precedent - including the IOPC, the oil spill regime, where companies that ship oil around the world pay a levy into an international fund that is used for compensation in the case of oil spills.

This would both put a price on carbon - and simultaneously raise significant funds for the most vulnerable communities who are facing the worst impacts of climate change.  It’s a no-brainer, really, that the fossil fuel industry, who make trillions of dollars in profits, should pay for the damages their products are wreaking, rather than the poor.  

At even a low price of carbon - say $2 a tonne of CO2 - this levy would raise $50bn a year.  If it were to increase 5-10% a year it could provide a predictable source of finance at roughly the scale necessary for climate damage in vulnerable countries.  

Of course, it needs to be embedded within an overall plan to phase out fossil fuels.  Because if Exxon Mobil, Shell, BP, Saudi Aramco want a long term future - they need to learn to do something other than extract and sell fossil fuels.  

And if governments want to avoid one of two shocks - the terrible shock of climate change impacts OR the shock of the carbon bubble bursting - then they must put in place plans to phase out fossil fuels.  

With a clear plan the UK could phase out coal by 2023 whilst ensuring a just transition for workers into, the higher employing, renewable energy sector.

To close
It’s still possible to keep warming to below 1.5 degrees - hence avoiding absolute climate catastrophe - but we are too late to prevent all climate impacts.  In order to stop climate catastrophe we have to act now.  
Slight tweaks to business as usual might bend the curve from 4.3 to 3.7 degrees.  But to ensure a planet on which we think we can survive, radical change is necessary now.  

I encourage everyone in this room, I encourage you, to think about what radical action you will take to ensure you’re on the right side of history.

          Historic landmarks highlight Oceanian qualifiers         
FIFA.com reviews a historic edition of the OFC U-20 Championship as New Zealand and Vanuatu earned progression to the world stage.
          Kiwis remain perfect in Oceania        
New Zealand are set to continue a growing affinity with the FIFA U-17 World Cup in the UAE later this year after winning the qualifying tournament last week. FIFA.com reviews the six-nation Oceania championship in Vanuatu.
          Oceania sextet take aim at world stage        
Oceania’s representatives for UAE 2013 will be determined over the coming week in Vanuatu, with reigning champions New Zealand facing the challenge of five Pacific nations.
                  

          YJ0GB Vanuatu. From DXNews.com        
Michael, G7VJR will be active from Vanuatu, 2 - 19 March 2018 as YJ0GB.
          YJ0CX Vanuatu. From DXNews.com        
Bert, CX3AN will be active from Vanuatu 27 August - 3 September 2017 as YJ0CX.
          YJ0ST Vanuatu. From DXNews.com        
Adam, K7ST will be active from Vanuatu until mid October 2017 as YJ0ST.
          BSNL revised ISD tariff and pulse rate for Zambia, Vanuatu & Tonga for its customers in all the circles        
National telecom backbone, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) revised ISD tariff and pulse rate for Zambia, Vanuatu & Tonga for its customers in all the circles.

BSNL revised ISD tariff and pulse rate for Zambia, Vanuatu & Tonga for its customers in all the circles

The revised ISD calling tariff will be applicable for (i) Plans with 60 sec pulse duration, (ii) for plans working on MCU basis (metered call units) and (iii) for ISD PCOs. BSNL will be revising ISD tariff as per the latest changes in the international carrier charges and change in dollar rates. Whenever the carrier charges exceed 90 percent of ISD tariff, the PSU will be revising the existing tariff.

Read More »
          The Asian Development Bank will fund banking services in Vanuatu        

Vanatau belongs to the poorest countries of the pacific areas. Many people are out of reach of modern and secure banking services in the rural areas of Vanuatu. Some people that are employed by the government must make long trips to the nearest branch of the National Bank of Vanuatu (NBV) to deposit their salary …

The post The Asian Development Bank will fund banking services in Vanuatu appeared first on Microfinance and microcredit.


          Vient de paraître : "Diasporas asiatiques dans le Pacifique"        

couverture-diasporas.jpgL'histoire de ce livre a commencé en 2007, avec l'organisation d'un double atelier dans le cadre du congrès du réseau Asie-Pacifique, auquel j'avais alors consacré une note sur ce blog. Les textes issus de cet atelier, réactualisés entre-temps, sont finalement parus cette année aux éditions Les Indes Savantes, sous le titre Diasporas asiatiques dans le Pacifique. Histoire des représentations et enjeux contemporains. Douze auteurs y ont contribué, issus de plusieurs disciplines : anthropologie, sociologie, histoire, ethnopsychiatrie, science politique ou lettres modernes. Ils évoquent les communautés d'origines chinoise, vietnamienne, javanaise dans plusieurs pays du Pacifique : Nouvelle-Calédonie, Polynésie française, Vanuatu, Nouvelle-Zélande. On peut consulter la table des matières en cliquant ici. Ci-dessous, quelques mots d'introduction.

Les représentations de l’Océanie, en sciences sociales comme en littérature, n’ont longtemps accordé qu’un rôle très secondaire à ces personnages de coolies agricoles, petits commerçants ou commis de magasin, souvent relégués à l’arrière-plan. De l’histoire coloniale à celle des indépendances politiques (acquises par la plupart des îles du Pacifique Sud entre 1960 et 1980), le face-à-face entre l’Occident et les populations autochtones n’a laissé que peu de place aux communautés d’origine asiatique, pourtant présentes dans la région depuis la fin du 19ème siècle.
L’anthropologie océaniste, longtemps dominée…


          Last day regrefully — Port Vila, Vanuatu        
Vanuatu
          Settling in — Port Vila, Vanuatu        
Vanuatu
          Vanuatu waiting to be discovered — Port Vila, Vanuatu        
Vanuatu
          House sitting and dog sitting — Taupo, New Zealand        
Vanuatu
          Surveys seek input on needs and resources for biodiversity data in the Pacific Islands        

To help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme, GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands—two stakeholder groups critical to the programme’s long-term success.

Data holders need resources and incentives to distribute the many types of information that they steward. Available in English and French, this survey seeks to understand the financial or technical challenges that data holders in the Pacific Islands face in sharing data and its use in research and policy.

Decision makers depend on high-quality biodiversity information to support planning and policy and to encourage world-class research. The second survey (also available in English and French versions) seeks insights into how well the information needs of decision makers in the Pacific Islands are currently served.

We invite those interested in responding to take the 12- and 13-question, 20-minute surveys, and also to share them with their contacts and networks. Wider distribution will help us gain a deeper, more practical understanding of how BID can best support data mobilization and use across the Pacific.

Those respondents who may lack sufficiently reliable Internet connectivity may download and fill out 'offline' versions of the appropriate survey in Microsoft Word:

GBIF expects to issue a call for proposals led by organizations from the ACP countries in the Pacific Islands in late August or early September 2016. Potential grantseekers can sign up to receive updates via email or visit the BID grantseekers’ site for more information as it becomes available.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

Images 
Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. Photo by Nick Hobgood.

Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. 2014 CC BY-NC Nick Hobgood https://flic.kr/p/puxsk5

Content GBits 

GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands to help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme.

GBIF area 
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          10 Religiões Extremamente Bizarras        

10º - Igreja de Todos Os Mundos

A igreja de todos os mundos, na verdade, é uma neo-religião pagã fundada em 1962 por Oberon Zell-Ravenheart e sua esposa Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart. Essa religião evoluiu de um grupo de amigos e amantes que foram em parte, inspirados por outra religião fictícia do mesmo nome, escrito no romance de ficção científica "Estranho em uma terra estranha, por Robert A. Heinlein", que se referia a uma mitologia ao Deus Pai, assim como o reino das Fadas e as divindades de vários panteões. Algumas das celebrações e de seus rituais tomam como base os Deuses da Grécia Antiga. Seguindo essa tradição de usar a ficção para promover a religião, o fundador criou também a Escola de Magia Grey, totalmente inspirado na escola Hogwarts de Harry Potter.


9º - Cientologia

Essa religião, na verdade, é uma seita criada por L.Ron Hubbard, conhecido como Elron, em 1952, resultado do seu antigo sistema de auto-ajuda chamado Dianética. A Igreja da Cientologia afirma que, quando você alcançar os níveis mais altos da iniciação, serão transmitidos ensinamentos místicos que poderá ser um conhecimento prejudicial, caso os leitores não estejam totalmente preparados. Esses ensinamentos são mantidos em absoluto segredo, e é proibido os membros mais desenvolvidos contarem para os membros iniciantes. Quando o membro alcança o alto nível ele aprenderá como reverter os efeitos de traumas do passado, supostamente, os ocasionados a milhões de anos atrás. Entre os ensinamentos avançados está o conhecimento sobre a história de Xenu, que é apresentado como um governante da "Confederação Galática". De acordo com essa história, à 75 milhões de anos atrás, Xenu trouxe milhares de pessoas para a Terra na nave espacial DC-8. Eles acreditam que essas naves se reunirão em torno de vulcões e detonaram esses vulcões com bombas de hidrogênio. Também acreditam que, hoje, existam os thetans, que agrupados e ligados aos corpos dos vivos, continuam fazendo essas explosões. No nível mais avançado da religião, é possível isolar o "thetans" do corpo para neutralizar os efeitos nocivos.

8º - Igreja Movimento de Criatividade

A Igreja Movimento de Criatividade, conhecida anteriormente como Igreja Mundial do Criador, é uma organização que defende os brancos, como se fosse uma religião. A utilização do termo criador, não se refere a uma divindade, como acontece na maioria das religiões, referindo apenas para eles mesmos, os brancos. A Igreja Movimento Criativo é uma religião branco-separatista que foi fundada por Ben Klassen, no início de 1973. Quando o fundados morreu, em 1993, essa igreja quase desapareceu como uma religião, até que Matthew F. Hale, um sacerdote da igreja assumiu o comando, mas foi preso em janeiro de 2003.



7º - Thee Temple ov Psychick Youth (T.O.P.Y.)

O nome dessa igreja é meio complicado e não possui tradução correta para o português, até mesmo em inglês ela possui palavras erradas. Conhecida como T.O.P.Y., foi fundada em 1981 por membros do Psychic TV, Coil, Curretn 93 e um número razoável de outros indivíduos. A rede sempre em evolução, é um grupo informal de pessoas federadas operando com uma mistura única de arte coletiva, são praticantes de magia. Eles se dedicam a manifestações de conceitos mágicos, misticismo e adoração aos deuses. O grupo fica concentração em aspectos psíquicos e mágicos do cérebro humano ligado à sexualidade sem culpa.


6º - Nação do Senhor

A Nação do Senhor é um grupo Afro-Americano religioso que segue uma linha extremamente controversa de negro-israelita de pensamento hebraico. Eles foram fundados em 1979 em Miami por Hulon Mitchell que atendia pelo nome de Yahweh Ben Yahweh. Seu objetivo é transformar africanos em americanos, a quem ele os vêem como israelitas verdadeiros. O grupo se desliga totalmente do Cristianismo e do Judaísmo, pois seus seguidores acreditam que o fundador Yahweh Ben Yahweh é o filho de Deus. Desse modo suas crenças são únicas e não se assemelham a nenhuma religião. Esse grupo religioso enfrentou enormes problemas por questões jurídicas de seu fundador, sendo a religião acusada de ser um culto de supremacia negra, afirmando ser racista, pois eles acreditam que apenas os negros são os verdadeiros judeus e que os brancos são diabos.


5º - Religião de Pessoas com Poderes Cósmicos de Luz

Também conhecida como Pessoas do Universo, em tcheco se escreve "Vesmírní lidé sil světla", é um movimento religioso centrado em torno do checo Ivo A. Benda. Seu sistema de crença é baseado na existência de civilizações extraterrestres comunicando com o fundador e outros "contracteantes", desde o ano de 1997, de modo telepático, sendo que mais tarde, eles relataram ter contato físico e pessoal. Segundo Benda, o fundador, essas civilizações operam com naves espaciais liderado por Ashtar Sheran, que orbita a Terra. Eles vêem de perto e ajuda os bons e estão apenas aguardando para transportar seus seguidores para uma outra dimensão. Os ensinamentos dessa religião, incluem vários elementos ufológicos, cristianismo (como se Jesus fosse apenas uma fina vibração) e teorias conspiratórias (as forças do mal estão fazendo planos para estraçalhar a população).


4º - Igreja do SubGenius

A Igreja do SubGenius é uma religião que promove a folga, satirizando as teorias conspiratórias, as aparições de OVNIS e a cultura popular. A Igreja diz ter sido fundada em 1950, pelo maior vendedor do mundo, Bob Dobbs. Ele é retratado como uma caricatura de um homem fumando cachimbo. Um evento importante ocorreu na Igreja, em 5 de Julho de 1998, quando eles preveram que neste dia o mundo seria destruído por exércitos de invasores alienígenas conhecidos como X-Istas ( que é abreviação de "Homens do Planeta X", em inglês), como o evento não aconteceu, seu fundador foi coberto de piche e penas, mas continuou como administrador.


3º - Igreja do Movimento do Prince Philip

O Movimento do Príncipe Philip é um culto da tribo Yaohnanen no Sul da Ilha de Tanna, em Vanuatu. Eles acreditam que Prince Philip, duqye de Edimburgo, é um ser divino, o filho de um espírito da montanha e irmão de John Frum. De acordo com os contos antigos, o filho viajou sobre o mar para uma terra distante, se casou com uma mulher poderosa e que voltou no tempo. Os aldeões observaram o respeito concedido à rainha Elizabeth II pelas autoridades coloniais e chegaram à conclusão de que seu marido, Prince Philip, era filho de suas lendas. Esse movimento começou em 1950 e as crenças foram reforçadas pela visita oficial do casal a Ilha de Tanna em 1974 quando alguns aldeões tiveram a oportunidade de ver Prince Philip de longe. Ele, sabendo da religião que o tomava como Deus, trocou presentes com os nativos, e até chegou a visitar a tribo.


2º - Igreja da Eutanásia

A Igreja da Eutanásia é uma organização política iniciada pelo reverendo Chris Korda, em Boston e Massachusetts. Segundo o site da igreja, é uma fundação sem fins lucrativos dedicada ao ensino e ao restabelecimento do equilíbrio entre os seres humanos e as demais espécies do planeta. Essa religião é notória por conflitos com ativistas pró-vida cristã. Segundo a igreja, ela está sustentada em 4 pilares: o suicídio, aborto, canibalismo (estritamente quando a pessoa já está morta) e sodomia (qualquer ato sexual não destinado à procriação). O grupo possui frases e slogans bem polêmicos, tudo para ir contra as pessoas que não apóiam o aborto e o homossexualismo.


1º - Nuwaubinismo

Nuwaubianismo é um termo utilizado para se referir as doutrinas e os ensinamentos dos seguidos de Dwight York. Essa religião originou-se como um grupo mulçulmano negro de Nova York na década de 1970, e passaram por muitas mudanças desde então. Eventualmente o grupo estabeleceu um quartel general em Putnam County, Geórgia, em 1993. O fundador York está agora na prisão após ter sido condenado por lavagem de dinheiro e acusações de abuso sexual infantil, mas a religião ainda resiste. York desenvolveu sua religião inspirado em uma enorme variedade de fontes que incluem a Teosofia, derivados movimentos de Nova Era como os Astara e os Rosacruzes, Maçonaria, os Shriners, Templo da Ciência da América, Cristianismo Revisado, Islã, Culto de Qadiani Mirza Glulam Ahmad, numerologia de Rashad Khalifa, teorias dos astronautas antigos de Zecharia Sitchin...

As pessoas brancas são encaradas como sido criadas originalmente como uma raça de assassinos para servir os negros num exército de escravos, mas esse plano não deu certo.

Abaixo, está a lista de algumas das crenças absolutamente incomuns dessa religião:

1. É importante para enterrar a placenta, para que Satanás não use-a para fazer um duplicado da criança recém-nascida.
2. Além disso, alguns fetos abortados sobrevivem ao aborto e vivem nos esgotos, onde estão sendo reunidos e organizados para dominar o mundo.
3. As pessoas eram perfeitamente simétrico e ambidestras, mas depois de um meteorito ter atingido a Terra e seu eixo ter sido inclinado, ocorreu lateralidade e deslocando, fazendo com que o coração ficasse fora do centro no peito.
4. Cada um de nós tem sete clones vivos em diferentes partes do mundo
5. As mulheres existem há muitas gerações, antes mesmo de terem sito inventados os homens através de manipulação genética.
6. Homo sapiens é o resultado de experiências de clonagem que foram feitas em Marte usando o Homo erectus.
7. Nikola Tesla veio do planeta Vênus
8. Os Illuminati têm alimentado uma criança, filho de Satanás, que nasceu em 6 de junho de 1966 na Casa Dakota em 72 Street, em Nova York para Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis de Rothschild / família Kennedy. O Papa estava presente no nascimento e realizou cerimônias de necromancia. A criança foi levantada pelo ex-presidente Richard Nixon E.U. e agora vive na Bélgica, onde é ligado corporais a um computador chamado "A 3M Beast" ou "3666".

O Nuwaubians construiu uma cidade modelo em edifícios antigos egípcios em Putnam County, Geórgia (foto acima). Já foi demolida.


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          Dendrobium purpureum Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3: 484 (1832).        
Originário das Ilhas Molucas, Nova Guiné, Sulawesi, Fiji e Vanuatu, o Dendrobium purpureum é planta de médio a grande porte, podendo apresentar pseudobulbos com até 1,5 m de comprimento (em geral de 50 cm a 1 m), epífita, com folhas decíduas de 9 a 13 cm de comprimento por 1,5 a 2,5 cm de largura, dispostas em ambos os lados do pseudobulbo. A inflorescência pode conter até 60 flores, com 1,2 a 20 mm, geralmente nos pseudobulbos maduros e portanto sem folhas, formando um cachoo compacto (um "tufo"). As flores que duram algumas semanas,  podem apresentar coloração variada: rosa, rosa e branca, branca ou branca e verde. Faz parte da Seção Pedilonum e possui 2 sub-espécies: Dendrobium purpureum subsp purpureum e Dendrobium purpureum subsp candidulum, que podem ser separados pelo tamanho e forma do labelo (menor na subsp candidulum).
As fotos que ilustram a postagem, são de uma planta de forma alba, mais frequentes em nosso meio que a forma tipo, após uma sementeira realizada pelo Orquidário Colibri,   que resultou em plantas de crescimento vigoroso e muito floríferas.
Uma curiosidade é o uso medicinal da planta, que após macerada é utilizada na Malásia para tratamento de inúmeras lesões cutâneas, como por exemplo os furúnculos.






          Minister Pato seeks US support on significant Pacific Islands issues        
Deputy Prime Minister Leo Dion and Foreign Affairs and Immigration Minister Rimbink Pato at the United Nations

 Pacific Island Forum Leaders with the Secretary-General of the United Nations,  Ban ki-moon.
 
Papua New Guinea's Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration, Rimbink Pato, has conveyed Pacific Island State concerns and sought support from the United States on issues such as climate change.
Representing Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, Pato raised the issues at a meeting of Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Leaders with the United States Assistant Secretary of State,  Danny Russell in New York last Friday.
Pato further expressed his desire for United States' backing at the COP21 Conference in Paris this year on climate issues that were of vital significance to lives and communities in the Pacific.
"The United States is aware of the threat brought about by climate change and extreme weather in the Pacific.
"Assistant Secretary Russell expressed his concern at the devastation caused by tropical storms in Samoa, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu and the need for concerted efforts at all levels to assist small island countries in mitigation and resilience efforts.
"He further informed the meeting that whilst the US Administration wished to do more, the political dynamics in Washington does not always help the Administration's desire in this regard.
"We appreciated Assistant Secretary Russell's concern for the issues affecting our region and the broader global community, as well as the difficulty faced in gaining bipartisan support in the United States Capital."
Pato said Russell and his team received a briefing on the Pacific Regionalism framework endorsed by the recent PIF Leaders' meeting.
"Areas such as fisheries, climate change, cervical cancer and West Papua, that are covered in the Pacific Regionalism Framework, truly capture the concerns and aspirations of the people of the Pacific.
"Assistant Secretary Russell made the point that the United States is a Pacific State and hence appreciates the need for solidarity with the PIF countries in advancing issues of common concern.
"On the nuclear weapons issue, Pacific Leaders have urged the United States to ratify the Treaty of Raratonga as well as find just solutions for the people of Marshall Islands as a consequence of nuclear tests in the region.
Russell congratulated Papua New Guinea for successfully hosting the 45th PIF Forum, and a copy of the PIF Leaders Joint-Communique was given to the United States contingent.
Pato thanked the United States contingent, that also included the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Ms Samantha Power, and other high ranking officials for hosting the meeting with the PIF Leaders.
While in New York to attend the United Nations General Assembly Meeting, Pato also chaired a meeting between the Pacific Island Forum Leaders with the Secretary-General of the United Nations,  Ban ki-moon.

          DESCEND INTO HELL        
Memo: if you’re going to hang around an exploding volcano, be sure to dress appropriately for the occasion. Explorer, documentary maker, and fearless adventurer, George Kourounis, took on the Marum crater in the archipelago of the South Pacific’s Vanuatu, filming the dramatic happenings of an inferno lava lake and getting, in his own words, ‘a window into hell’. Read the rest here: http://ufothetruthisoutthere.blogspot.pt/2014/09/descend-into-hell.html
          Vodafone Ä°letişim Ağını Genişletiyor        

Vodafone’dan yapılan yazılı açıklamada, kapsama alanına son olarak Gine Bissau, Vanuatu, Fransız Polinezyası ve Tonga gibi ülkelerdeki operatörleri de dahil eden Vodafone’un, Türkiye’de roaming anlaşmalı ülke sayısı “en yüksek” operatör olduğu belirtildi. Açıklamada görüşlerine yer verilen Vodafone Türkiye Promosyon ve Uluslararası Teklifler Bölüm Başkanı Erkut Erkut, şunları kaydetti: “Vodafone Türkiye olarak yurt içinde kapsama konusunda […]

The post Vodafone İletişim Ağını Genişletiyor appeared first on WPAdamı.


          'Tanna'        

Wawa y Dain son dos jóvenes enamorados, pero debido a que él es nieto de un jefe de los Yakel, no pueden estar juntos, así que deciden desafiar a sus propias tribus y huir de la isla remota en la que viven, a pesar de saber que serán perseguidos y amenazados por los guerreros enemigos. Ese es el argumento principal de "Tanna", un drama romántico dirigido por Bentley Dean y Martin Butler que estuvo nominado a Mejor película de habla no inglesa en los Premios Óscar de 2016. Su historia, basada en hechos reales, se desarrolla en el pueblo indígena que da nombre a la cinta, situado en la república de Vanuatu.


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          Most overrated and underrated cities I’ve visited        

Here is a list of the most overrated and underrated cities I have visited - spanning across the USA, Canada, Australia, France and Vanuatu!

The post Most overrated and underrated cities I’ve visited appeared first on Rebecca Earl.


          P4 Extra med Emanuel Karlsten 22 mars        
I dagens P4 Extra: idag hade det varit nytt riksdagsval, om inte Stefan Löfven och gänget i sista sekund dragit i nödbromsen. Men vad hade hänt om det faktiskt var val idag? Och hade någon vunnit på det? Vi ska också prata om den nu avlidne fotbollspelaren Klas Ingessons egna bok och så kommer Ebbot Lundberg hit. Med honom ska vi ta ett långt snack om allt det han är aktuell i. Vilket inte är så lite. Operor, turnéer, album och nya samarbeten. Givetvis blickar vi också ut i världen. Vi ska prata om valen i Andalusien i Spanien och Frankrike, åka till Vanuatu och höra hur det gått där efter cyklonen och så ska vi uppmärksamma att det idag är ett år sedan ebolautbrottet i Guinea.
          Community Event        
Name * What would you like to invite the community to? (Ballet performance, rugby game, chess tournament, piano recital, etc...) * Wanna give some more details? Date/Time * Where will it be held? * AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiComorosCongo (Brazzaville)CongoCosta RicaCote d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEast Timor (Timor Timur)EcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGabonGambia, TheGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, NorthKorea, SouthKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepaNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint VincentSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbia and MontenegroSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVenezuelaVietnamYemenZambiaZimbabwe Website Upload Flyer or Photo (optional) Prev Next Submit
          Encuentra personas mdiante su telefono y el GPS        
A continuacion les presentamos esta innovacion para localizar gente mediante la señal del celular y un GPS. Gracias a www.trackapartner.com

Debes poner el pais y el numero de telefono con el codigo de la ciudad...


Track a phone number here
Select Country:
Phone Number:
Attention:
THE USE OF THIS SYSTEM IS FOR INFORMATIVE PURPOSES ONLY, WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS ABUSE BY THE USER.
Welcome to Satellite Tracking
GSM mobile phone tracking system via the GPS-TRACK satellite network
Based on repeater triangulation, the system tracks mobile phones using GPS and GSM technology
We are not responsible for possible tracking errors that may occur.
Use areas
You can see where a person is; such as your wife, husband or friend in real time anywhere in the world 24/7
Copyright © www.trackapartner.com All Rights Reserved

Approximate margin of error:
10 meters (max.) for mobile phones in Europe and the U.K.
25 meters (max.) for mobile phones in the U.S.A., South America and Canada.
50 meters (max.) for mobile phones elsewhere.
This system will not work in countries without GSM technology networks.

          Map Of Vanuatu        
images map of Vanuatu regions Map Of Vanuatu. Map of Vanuatu Earthquake
  • Map of Vanuatu Earthquake


  • kirupa
    02-23 07:07 AM
    Try this: www.kirupa.com/developer/swift/index.htm (http://www.kirupa.com/developer/swift/index.htm)




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  • GveMyGC
    01-03 08:02 AM
    after going to bed & before waking up in the morning....
    More of a dream than reality!




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  • Blog Feeds
    04-26 11:30 AM
    This was inevitable. As Chris Hayes of The Nation told Keith Olbermann this evening, a boycott could "recalculate the incentives" for the citizens of Arizona and the politicians in the state. Once Super Bowls and major conventions start to go elsewhere (as was the case two decades ago when a similar boycott was successfully used to protest the state's failure to recognize the Martin Luther King holiday), the cavalier anti-immigrant positions will become a lot more expensive. Hopefully, the business community and sensible Arizonans who are appalled by what just happened in their state will mobilize to repeal the bill...

    More... (http://blogs.ilw.com/gregsiskind/2010/04/the-arizona-boycott.html)




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  • sampath
    04-13 09:34 AM
    http://immigrationvoice.org/forum/showthread.php?t=4022



    more...

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  • travis
    05-14 10:05 PM
    It's nice, realy nice, I enjoyed it. (as much as one can enjoy looking at a postage stamp)




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  • The following statistics include details of the Vanuatu earthquake,


  • Dhundhun
    01-13 05:12 PM
    I applied AP around same time and got it couple of days ago.

    Check not cashed is indication of missing mail, either by mailing services (USPS, FEDEX, ...) or in USCIS. Average time for check to be cashed is less than 10 days.

    Whether you should open SR or re-apply, someone who faced similar situation can provide better answer.



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  • Houstonguy
    07-23 02:12 PM
    Not yet.




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  • sw33t
    07-27 03:33 PM
    SENATOR CORNYN IS THE CHAIR OF THE INDIA CAUCUS IN THE U.S. SENATE

    WHO: U.S. Senator John Cornyn of Texas
    WHEN: Thursday,August 9,
    Lunch: 11:30 a.m.
    Speech: 12:30 p.m.
    WHERE: Lakeway Inn, New Glass Ballroom
    SPONSOR: Rotary Club/Lakeway
    Lake Travis
    COST: $250 per table of 10,
    or $25 per individual
    RESERVATIONS: MANDATORY!

    10 Tables are being reserved
    for Rotary & Guests
    20 Table reservations will
    be taken and must be paid for
    by July 27, 2007!

    Please PM me if you are interested.



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  • The map below shows the rough


  • MailForHoneyOnly
    10-01 01:56 PM
    Hi,
    I'm on H1 on 8th Year Extension,Got a nice offer from a company, which is not large company, but projects they have are very long term projects I applied for 485 long timeback, but did not applied for my spouse , who is on H4 , applied for H1 which will be validated from 1st Oct'06.Can I switch the company now and start using EAD and apply for my spouse when my PD becomes current , or wait with the current employer till I apply for 485.

    Need SUggestion.

    or
    Can I ask new company to start new GC Process under Perm and apply for I-140 and once its get approved, Use My EB3 PD with the EB2 Perm Application.

    Or
    Can I use H1 Transfer and AC-21 option since my 8th year extension is till end of 2009.



    Any Suggestions will be Very Helpful




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  • senglory
    06-23 10:51 AM
    Where can I do status checking? At what site?



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  • ilyaslamasse
    02-11 05:39 PM
    Hey,
    I don't know anything about that software, but I'd like to get a spinning "F" on my scene. Can anybody do that for me ? Please ???

    pom 0]




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  • Circus123
    07-04 10:11 AM
    Guys,
    Do you think that I140 PP process will resume now since USCIS is not accepting any I485 applications until Oct 2007 ???

    Any comments ...



    more...

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  • NC-Vanuatu Vanuatu-Solomons


  • Dhundhun
    10-13 10:14 PM
    Can students with post completion EAD work for more than one employer at the same time in their own speciality area? I mean to ask, can they work full time with one and part time with other?

    My son just got his EAD for post completion OPT.




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  • Macaca
    06-14 08:25 PM
    Rising tensions are testing Reid-McConnell relations (http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/rising-tensions-are-testing-reid-mcconnell-relations-2007-06-14.html) By Manu Raju, June 14, 2007

    Tensions are set to rise between the two parties in the Senate in coming weeks, threatening to stifle the Democratic legislative agenda and test the amicable relationship between Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) and Republican leader Mitch McConnell (Ky.).

    After the collapse of immigration legislation last week over procedural concerns, rhetoric has been heating up. Democrats increasingly blame McConnell, who is up for reelection in 2008, tagging him as an obstructionist. The GOP stuck that same label on then Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-S.D.), helping defeat him in his reelection bid in 2004.

    Some conservatives, upset that the immigration bill came to the floor without committee deliberations, grumble that McConnell is not combative enough with Reid and should challenge anything that does not follow regular Senate order, aides to two conservative senators say.

    That could unhinge the cordial relationship between Reid and McConnell, which both say remains strong despite burgeoning battles.

    �This has not been an easy six months,� said Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.). �I think our friends on the other side of the aisle have wished to slow things down as much as possible with over and over again motions just to even go to a bill.�

    Republicans accuse Reid of employing procedural tactics in an unprecedented way to bring legislation to the floor without committee debate, to limit amendments on the floor and to end debate on legislation.

    �I don�t know if he understands the difference being a leader and being a dictator,� conservative Sen. Jim DeMint (R-S.C.) said.

    Next week, Reid wants to bring to the Senate floor a bill passed by the House that would make it easier for labor unions to organize workforces, aides say. The bill, long-sought by labor but opposed by business, has not gone through the Senate committee process. Republicans plan to object to the bill�s consideration, forcing Reid to find 60 votes if the measure is to be considered in the narrowly divided Senate.

    Even if the Senate reaches that threshold, Republicans may object to a unanimous consent request to waive 30 hours of debate to proceed to the bill. Doing so would mean debate on the bill would dominate much of the week, which Reid, with scarce floor time and a packed agenda before the July 4 recess, wants to avoid.

    Jostling over process reflects the parties� hope of framing political debate in the run-up to the 2008 elections, analysts say.

    �I think Reid is ultimately � looking ahead to �08, to shape the party�s reputation as much as his own reputation,� said Sarah Binder, senior fellow in governance studies at the Brookings Institution. �How well the Democrats do in part is going to do depend on what Democrats do in Congress, and he can blame Republicans [for] creating stalemates.�

    Republicans point out that Reid has filed 39 cloture motions to limit debate or proceed to legislation this Congress, which is on pace to shatter the 68 cloture motions filed in the entire 109th Congress.

    �[B]The actions of the majority leader in filing cloture so many times this year takes the Senate out of its traditional role and it brings it more towards a House model, where debate is constricted,� said Brian Darling, director of Senate relations for the Heritage Foundation.

    Two efforts to shut down debate on immigration failed last week after Republicans objected that too few of their amendments were considered during the Senate debate. Republicans complained that the Senate could have moved quickly and finished the immigration debate if Reid had tabled amendments or allowed many of them to be considered simultaneously. Reid retorted that Republicans were objecting to their own amendments and would not agree to a set number of amendments that could be considered.

    When the immigration bill fell apart last week, McConnell said, �The message to the majority is, it�s going to take longer than you�d like to take, and it�s going to take more votes than you�d like to make. I think they have had to relearn that lesson several times. That is the reason this Congress, at least to this point, has such a paltry list of accomplishments.�

    Reid shot back this week, saying his frequent use of cloture has been made necessary because of Republican obstruction.

    McConnell �failed to mention that we have to do that because we�re not able to do anything without cloture,� Reid said. �On the most basic bills we did � lobbying ethics reform, minimum wage, 9/11 � everything that we�ve had to do, we have to get 60 votes first. So they�ve made it very difficult for us.�



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  • Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.


  • Blog Feeds
    03-08 08:20 AM
    Utah legislators passed two measures Friday that set the state on a different course than Arizona. One measure is an enforcement one and would require police to check the immigration status of those stopped on suspicion of committing felonies and misdemeanors. The measure's most controversial provision - an Arizona-style section allowing police to stop people based on a "reasonal suspicion" that the person is illegally present - was removed. The bill is making headlines as well for inclusion of a guest worker provision that will allow the state to issue two year work permits to persons illegally present in the...

    More... (http://blogs.ilw.com/gregsiskind/2011/03/utah-heads-in-different-direction-than-arizona.html)




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  • bharani
    04-28 03:42 PM
    On April 26, 2009 (Sunday), I had a LUD on my current H1. This seemed strange to me. Applied for 485/EAD/AP during July fiasco. My priority date is March, 2006 (EB2-India).

    Did anyone who is in similar situation as me have a LUD? Please ignore this post if this has been discussed earlier.



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  • map: Vanuatu


  • jnraajan
    01-21 04:39 PM
    Technically, You AOS application provides you status. So, unlike on H1b, you can be without a job for a long strech of time. The problem arrives, when there is an REF on your I-485 application to show proof of offer. If you can show proof of employment, you should be fine. But, There is a possiblity that USCIS might ask you for recent paystubs or W2s. So, I wouldnt be without a job for too long.

    At least this is my understanding of it. Anyone differing from this opinion?




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  • riazahamed
    11-19 09:39 PM
    Applied for Non RIR labor during April 2004 under EB2 in Ohio. Employer changed address (in same city) and one year before. Last week I came to know that Dallas BEC closed my labor case since they didnot recd the 45 day letter response from my employer. My employer requested Dallas BEC (with proof of informing them the address change) last week to re-open my labor case to continue processing the labor approval. My employer says it's better to apply for a new PERM as a backup.

    Can the IV members advise me how to proceed on this?
    Thanks.




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  • Please select a Vanuatu map


  • muralip
    10-10 11:04 AM
    Hi,

    Can anymore list down what are the documents required to show up at USCIS for Finger Printing.


    Regards,
    Murali




    admin
    01-12 07:12 AM
    We have listed the specific measures that we Immigration Voice is fighting for. These are measures both for Backlog Reduction as well as for the retroression issue. Please comment with what you think the priority for us should be or with additional measures on them, in that thread itself.

    http://immigrationvoice.org/forum/showthread.php?t=36




    visacase
    07-10 02:41 PM
    Hi,

    Thanks for my previous response. I am on H1B and between projects. I have an offer to work for a couple of days for a company other than the one holding my H1B. They said they are not gonna report to the IRS as its an hourly job for 2 days and the number of hours are not going to accumulate enough for the IRS. But they need my SSN or tax-payer ID to run their payroll. I am gonna receive my dues as a simple check (like a rebate check with just the total amount showing up & NOT a paystub). Please let me know if I can work for them or not.




              Financement du développement : une conférence essentielle pour le climat avant les négociations de Paris        
    Delivering Oxfam hygiene kits after Cyclone Pam hit Vanuatu. Credit: Amy Christian/Oxfam

    Blog: Financement du développement : une conférence essentielle pour le climat avant les négociations de Paris

    La conférence sur le financement du développement à Addis-Abeba est une étape déterminante avant les négociations sur le climat qui se tiendront à Paris.


              As línguas mais faladas no mundo        
    Aproveitando o tema do post anterior, que tal conferir a lista das 50 línguas mais faladas?


    1. Mandarim (chinês) - Brunei, Camboja, China, Indonésia, Malásia, Mongólia, Filiipinas, Singapura, África do Sul,Taiwan, Tailândia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:    885,0


    2. Espanhol -  Andorra, Argentina, Belize, Bolívia, Chile, Colômbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, República Dominicana, Equador, El Salvador, Guiné Equatorial, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicarágua, Panamá, Paraguai, Peru, Espanha, Uruguai, Estados Unidos, Venezuela.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  332,0

    3. Inglês -  Austrália, Botsuana, Brunei, Camarões, Canadá, Eritréia, Etiópia, Ilhas Fiji, Gâmbia, Guiana, Índia, Irlanda, Israel, Lesoto, Libéria, Malásia, Micronésia, Namíbia, Nauru, Nova Zelândia, Palau, Papua-Nova Guiné, Samoa, Seychelles, Serra Leoa, Singapura, Ilhas Salomão, Somália, África do Sul, Suriname, Suíça, Tonga, Reino Unido, Estados Unidos, Vanuatu, Zimbábue, e diversas ilhas do Caribe.
    Total de falantes em milhões:   322,0

    4. Bengali -  Bangladesh, Índia, Singapura.
    Total de falantes em milhões: 189,0

    5. Hindi - Índia, Nepal, Singapura, África do Sul, Uganda.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  182,0

    6. Português -  Angola, Brasil, Cabo Verde, França, Guiné-Bissau, Moçambique, Portugal, São Tomé e Príncipe.
    Total de falantes em milhões:   170,0

    7. Russo -  China, Israel, Mongólia, Rússia, Estados Unidos.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  170,0

    8. Japonês -  Japão, Singapura, Taiwan.
    Total de falantes em milhões:   125,0

    9. Alemão -  Áustria, Bélgica, Bolívia, República Checa, Dinamarca, Alemanha, Hungria, Itália, Casaquistão, Liechtenstein, Luxemburgo, Paraguai, Polônia, Romênia, Eslováquia, Suíça.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  98,0

    10. Chinês -  China.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  77,2

    11. Javanês -  Indonésia, Malásia, Singapura.
    Total de falantes em milhões:   75,5

    12. Coreano -  China, Japão, Coréia do Norte, Coréia do Sul, Singapura, Tailândia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  75,0

    13. Francês -  Andorra, Bélgica, Burkina Fasso, Burundi, Camarões, Canadá, Congo, Zaire, Djibuti, França, Gabão, Guiné, Haiti, Luxemburgo, Mauritânia, Mônaco, Ruanda, Senegal, Seichelles, Suíça, Vanuatu.
    Total de falantes em milhões:   72,0

    14. Vietnamita -  Vietnã, China.
    Total de falantes em milhões:   67,7

    15. Telugo -  Índia, Singapura.
    Total de falantes em milhões:   66,4

    16. Cantonês (chinês) -  Brunei, China, Costa Rica, Indonésia, Malásia, Panamá, Filipinas, Singapura, Tailândia, Vietnã.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  66,0

    17. Marati -  Índia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  64,8

    18. Tâmil -  Índia, Malásia, Ilhas Maurício, Singapura, África do Sul, Sri Lanka.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  63,1

    19. Turco -  Bulgária, Chipre, Grécia, Macedônia, Romênia, Turquia, Usbequistão.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  59,0

    20. Urdu -  Afeganistão, Índia, Ilhas Maurício, Paquistão, África do Sul, Tailândia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  58,0

    21. Min nan (chinês) -  Brunei, China, Indonésia, Malásia, Filipinas, Singapura, Taiwan, Tailândia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  49,0

    22. Jinyu (chinês) -  China.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  45,0

    23. Gujarati -  Índia, Quênia, Paquistão, Singapura, África do Sul, Tanzânia, Uganda, Zâmbia, Zimbábue.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  44,0

    24. Polonês -  República Checa, Alemanha, Israel, Polônia, Romênia, Eslováquia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  44,0

    25. Egípcio -  Egito.
    Total de falantes em milhões: 42,5

    26. Ucraniano -  Polônia, Eslováquia, Ucrânia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  41,0

    27. Italiano -  Croácia, Eritréia, França, Itália, San Marino, Eslovênia, Suíça.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  37,0

    28. Xiang (chinês) -  China.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  36,0

    29. Malaio -  Índia, Singapura.
    Total de falantes em milhões: 34,0

    30. Hakka (chinês) -  Brunei, China, Indonésia, Malásia, Panamá, Singapura, Suriname, Taiwan, Tailândia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  34,0

    31. Kannada -  Índia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  33,7

    32. Oriya -  Índia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  31,0

    33. Panjabi (ocidental) -  Índia, Paquistão.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  30,0

    34. Sunda -  Indonésia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  27,0

    35. Panjabi (oriental) -  Índia, Quênia, Singapura.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  26,0

    36. Romeno -  Hungria, Israel, Moldávia, Romênia, Sérvia e Montenegro, Ucrânia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  26,0

    37. Bhojpuri -  Índia, Ilhas Maurício, Nepal.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  25,0

    38. Azerbaijano -  Afeganistão, Irã, Iraque, Síria, Turquia.


    Total de falantes em milhões:  24,4

    39. Farsi (ocidental)  -  Irã, Iraque, Omã, Catar, Tajiquistão, Emirados Árabes Unidos.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  24,3

    40. Maitili -  Índia, Nepal.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  24,3

    41. Hauçá -  Benin, Burkina Fasso, Camarões, Gana, Nigéria, Níger, Sudão, Togo.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  24,2

    42. Algeriano -  Argélia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  22,4

    43. Birmanês  -  Bangladesh, Mianmá.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  22,0

    44. Servo-croata - Bósnia-Herzegovina, Croácia, Macedônia, Sérvia e Montenegro, Eslovênia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  21,0

    45. Gan (chinês) - China.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  20,6

    46. Awadhi  -  Índia, Nepal.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  20,5

    47. Tailandês -  Singapura, Tailândia.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  20,0

    48. Holandês -  Bélgica, França, Países Baixos, Suriname.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  20,0

    49. Iorubá -  Benin, Nigéria.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  20,0

    50. Sindi  - Afeganistão, Índia, Paquistão, Singapura.
    Total de falantes em milhões:  19,7


    Observações importantes
    • Muitas das línguas da tabela são, tecnicamente, dialetos. Mas elas foram listadas de modo separado porque são suficientemente diferentes umas das outras para serem mutuamente incompreensíveis.
    • Entre os países listados nos idiomas espanhol, inglês, português, francês e servo-croata não estão incluídos aqueles nos quais menos de 1% da população fala tal idioma como primeira língua.
    • A população de falantes por idioma é apenas estimada. O idioma servo-croata é também denominado sérvio, croata ou bósnio, dependendo do grupo étnico ou político dos falantes.

    Informações obtidas no Klickeducação
              A gaiola dos perus | Luiz Carlos Azedo        
    - Correio Braziliense

    Por causa da reforma política, o clima na Câmara ontem era de gaiolas de perus às vésperas da ceia de Natal. A algazarra era grande porque a proposta de mudança das regras do jogo nas eleições — do atual sistema proporcional uninominal para não se sabe ainda qual o modelo — pôs em risco a sobrevivência de muitos, principalmente os que conquistaram seus mandatos graças aos votos da respectiva legenda. O que mais assusta os deputados é a proposta de “distritão”, uma velha tese do presidente Michel Temer, ressuscitada pelo relator da reforma, deputado Vicente Cândido (PT-SP), que virou uma espécie de magarefe dos colegas. O “distritão” consiste na eleição dos deputados mais votados de cada estado, não importa a votação dada aos demais candidatos de cada partido.

    O sistema só existe em quatro países: Afeganistão, Jordânia, Vanuatu e Pitcairn. Teoricamente, beneficiaria os campeões de votos e acabaria com o que é considerado por muitos como a uma grande distorção, a eleição de deputados graças à proporcionalidade da distribuição de cadeiras entre as legendas, de acordo com a ordem de votação em cada partido. Isso faz com que campeões de votos, em alguns estados, não consigam uma cadeira porque seu partido não alcançou a votação necessária, enquanto outros deputados são eleitos com votação irrisória beneficiados pelo voto de legenda. Isso faz com “puxadores” de legenda, como Tiririca (PR-SP), por exemplo, carreguem com a sua votação deputados menos votados do que os que não passaram a linha de corte da proporcionalidade entre as legendas.

    A proposta caiu como uma bomba na comissão especial da reforma, que se reuniu ontem. É resultado de um acordo entre os caciques do PMDB, PSDB e DEM, que tentam blindar as legendas do desgaste da Operação Lava-Jato, mas o PT roeu a corda e, de olho nas alianças de 2018, resolveu liderar a reação contrária à proposta, que inviabilizaria os pequenos partidos de esquerda e outras legendas menores. “Nós já contamos com 200 deputados e vamos chegar a 250”, anunciou o líder da Minoria, deputado José Guimarães (PT-CE).

    Na base do governo, a reação negativa também é grande. O líder do PPS, Arnaldo Jordy, também anunciou que a bancada é contra o “distritão”. Até mesmo dentro do PMDB, PSDB e DEM, há deputados que veem a proposta como uma ameaça eleitoral. Com isso, cresce a possibilidade de permanência do sistema atual, que tem sobrevivido a todas as tentativas de reformá-lo, com o fim das coligações e a cláusula de barreira. Outra possibilidade é a adoção do sistema distrital misto, no qual uma parte dos deputados é eleita pelos critérios atuais e a outra, pelo distrito eleitoral.

    Passando do habitat das aves para o dos mamíferos, a alegria dos deputados tem o pomposo nome de Fundo Especial de Financiamento da Democracia, com ampla aceitação. O aumento do fundo partidário para 0,5% da receita corrente líquida da União, o que corresponderia hoje a cerca de R$ 3,6 bilhões, é como perguntar a macaco se quer banana. Com o fim do financiamento privado, a cobiça dos deputados em relação a esses recursos gerou uma espécie de leilão na Câmara, pois a divisão do fundo partidário é feita entre os partidos de acordo com o número de integrantes de cada bancada. 

    Com isso, cada deputado valeria R$ 7,01 milhões. A conversa de bastidor na reforma política, por causa da janela para troca de partido que será aberta, na maioria dos casos, é na base de quanto cada um vai levar do botim ao entrar ou mesmo ficar em cada legenda. A orientação programática das siglas vale muito pouco nesse tipo de conversa.

    Imunidades
    Atualmente, a Constituição define que o presidente da República não pode ser preso por crimes comuns enquanto não houver sentença condenatória, nem pode ser investigado por fatos anteriores ao exercício do mandato. Em caso de indício delituoso, se for denunciado, o processo no Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF) depende de prévia aprovação da Câmara. Essa regra, pelo relatório de Vicente Cândido, seria ampliada para toda a linha sucessória da Presidência da República: vice-presidente da República e presidentes da Câmara, do Senado e do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF). A proposta faz parte do conjunto de medidas que visam blindar a cúpula do Congresso contra a Lava-Jato.

    A propósito, pegou mal o encontro da nova procuradora-geral da República, Raquel Dodge, com o presidente Michel Temer na noite de terça-feira, fora da agenda oficial, para tratar da sua cerimônia de posse. Cogita-se que seja no Palácio do Planalto e não na sede do Ministério Público Federal. Até aí nada demais, pois uma das posses do atual procurador-geral, Rodrigo Janot, também foi lá, durante o governo Dilma Rousseff. O problema é que o encontro não constava da agenda da Presidência e a conversa derivou para a queda de braço entre Temer e Janot, o que desgastou a nova procuradora-geral da República entre seus colegas de MPF. (Correio Braziliense – 10/08/2017)

              Comissão especial da Câmara aprova o distritão        
    Votação avançou pela madrugada com debate sobre fundo e sistema eleitoral

    Eduardo Bresciani | O Globo

    -BRASÍLIA- A comissão especial de reforma política da Câmara começou ontem a votar a proposta de mudança constitucional que cria um fundo público para injetar cerca de R$ 3,6 bilhões em partidos. A verba seria usada nas campanhas de 2018.

    A comissão especial aprovou o texto-base do projeto no fim da noite. Foram 25 votos a favor e 8 contrários. Os deputados federais analisariam durante a madrugada os destaques ao texto, o que pode alterar o projeto em quase todos os temas mais importantes. Os principais pontos desta proposta são a criação de um fundo público para financiar as campanhas e a mudança no sistema de votação para deputados e vereadores.

    A criação do fundo é a principal demanda no Congresso depois que o Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF) proibiu a contribuição de empresas a campanhas políticas. No relatório, Vicente Cândido retirou limites que obrigavam a divisão dos recursos por cargos. Assim, cada partido poderá destinar o dinheiro para os correligionários a que desejar.

    Cândido também retirou do texto a proposta que reduziria o fundo à metade a partir de 2022. Com isso, em toda eleição será destinado 0,5% da receita corrente líquida do ano anterior para financiar as campanhas, o que deve significar os R$ 3,6 bilhões em 2018.

    SISTEMA ELEITORAL
    Os recursos públicos que vão irrigar as campanhas não precisarão ser remanejados de outras áreas, uma vez que poderão estourar o teto de gastos que limita as despesas do poder público ao crescimento da inflação. A definição de quanto caberá a cada partido será feita em outro projeto, que tramita paralelamente.

    Um dos temas mais polêmicos é o modelo de eleição de deputados e vereadores. O parecer de Cândido prevê a adoção do sistema distrital misto a partir de 2022, com metade das vagas sendo preenchidas por meio de candidatos eleitos em distritos e o restante de acordo com votos recebidos em listas preordenadas pelos partidos políticos. Tal sistema seria regulamentado em 2019 pelo novo Congresso.

    A articulação na Câmara, porém, é para implantar um outro modelo já no ano que vem, o chamado distritão. Nesse sistema, os mais votados são eleitos, independentemente dos partidos. A regra só é aplicada em quatro países — Afeganistão, Jordânia, Vanuatu e Pitcairn. O PMDB, do presidente Michel Temer, encampa a proposta e lidera o movimento para tentar aprovar esse sistema. Um acordo feito com o PSDB prevê esse modelo como transição para o distrital misto, mas há, na Câmara, movimento para transformar esse modelo em definitivo.

    O ponto que gerou ainda mais polêmica foi o que estendia aos presidentes da Câmara e do Senado a imunidade temporária que o presidente da República tem de só ser processado por crimes relativos ao seu mandato, além de só poder ser preso após condenação definitiva. Os presidentes da Câmara, Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), e do Senado, Eunício Oliveira (PMDB-CE), são investigados na Lava-Jato por atos anteriores ao mandato. Diante da repercussão negativa, o relator abandonou a ideia.

    Além do projeto relatado por Vicente Cândido, há ainda outra proposta de emenda constitucional que cria uma cláusula de barreira para reduzir os partidos e também acaba com as coligações proporcionais. Essa proposta deve ser analisada hoje.

    O parecer acaba com a figura de vice-presidente, vice-governador e vice-prefeito, com as vagas dos titulares sendo ocupadas nas ausências pelos chefes dos respectivos legislativos. Deixam de existir também os suplentes de senador, que hoje são eleitos na mesma chapa. Em eventual ausência, a vaga seria preenchida pelo deputado federal mais votado do mesmo partido ou coligação. Há ainda a alteração da data de posse dos chefes de Executivo a partir de 2023. O presidente passaria a tomar posse em 7 de janeiro, e os governadores e prefeitos, em 6 de janeiro.

              "Force Evacuation at Man-made Calamities"        

    Sa layuning maminimized daw ang casualty (zero casualty) sa tuwing may dilubyo’t kalamidad, “force evacuation” ang nakikitang shortcut na solusyon ng mga pulitiko. Mas nakatuon ang naturang hakbangin sa kung paano lulunasan ang epekto, mitigation at wala sa balangkas ng preperasyon, partisipasyon at epektibong pagpaplano. Parang gustong palabasin na ang mamamayan ang salarin at dapat sisihin sa paglobo at paglaki ng casualties.

    Bakit ayaw magsilikas ang mga tao sa kani-kanilang bahay at pamayanan sa kabila ng vulnerabilities sa panganib? Simpleng pasaway lang ba o masyadong komplikado at baka magboomerang sa mukha ng mga pulitiko ang dahilan? Sino ba ang tunay na salarin sa palagiang sakuna't trahedya? May makatotohanang patakaran ba, partnership and consultation sa mamamayan, may paghahanda at planado ba ang naturang aksyon o ito'y "lantay na ura-urada at bara-bara bay" na pagkilos ng gubyerno? (Editorial cartoon, courtesy of;http://www.abante-tonite.com/issue/mar1411/editorial.htm)

    May "CLIMATE CHANGE" o wala, bagyuhin at disaster’s prone areas, at nasa ring of fire sa PASIPIKO (kasama ang mahigit 20 bansa) ang ating bansa. Kung baga, naging bahagi na ng buhay ng ating mga ninuno at kasaysayan ang sakuna. Ang Pampanga ay galing sa salitang PAMPANG (Pampanga River Delta) at ang Tagalog ay Taga-ILOG (Pasig River-Laguna de Bay). Dahil sa palagiang lubog sa baha ang mga pamayanan, imiikot ang takbo ng pamumuhay at naiigpawan ito sa pamamagitan ng "BALANGAY."

    Mabentang "raket ngayon (project proposals) ng mga matatalino" at mga institutions (GO / NGOs) for foreign funding purposes ang climate change." Bagamat totoo ang "penomenom ng climate change," mahirap tanggapin na walang ugnayan ang kapabayaan sa paglala ng sakuna at trahedya. Naniniwala ang marami na ang “pagbabalikwas ng kalikasan laban sa mga nagsamantala ay palatandaang may pananagutan ang tao sa mga sakuna't trahedya at wasto lamang na sila'y managot.” 

    Bilyong piso taun-taon ang damage perwisyo sa ari-arian, infra at buhay. Pangatlo tayo sa pinakamapanganib at bisitahin ng kalamidad sa mundo. Ang nakakapanglupaypay, kung sa mitigation ang pag-uusapan, bakit namiminimized ng ibang bansa (Japan, Taiwan, China, US, Mexico, Cuba, Iceland, Chile at Australia) ang casualties at trahedya kung ikukumpara sa mga mahihinang bansang tulad ng Pilipinas? (1 Vanuatu 32.00; 2 Tonga 29.08; 3 Philippines 24.32; 4 Solomon Islands 23.51; 5 Guatemala 20.88; 6 Bangladesh 17.45; 7 Timor-Leste 17.45; 8 Costa Rica 16.74; 9 Cambodia 16.58; 10 El Salvador 16.49; 11 Nicaragua 15.74 ; 12 Papua New Guinea 15.45 ; 13 Madagascar 14.46 ; 14 Brunei Darussalam 14.08 ; 15 Afghanistan 14.06.)

    Ang paulit-ulit na senaryo ng kawalan ng kakayahan at paghahanda ay resulta lamang ng deka- dekadang "pananalaula ng kalikasan, mismanagement, bad governance, dependency at dis-empowerment." Ang isyu ng "hindi natututo" ay maihahalintulad natin sa trahedya ng OFW sa mapanganib na lugar sa Gitnang Silangan, informal sector at vote buying sa panahon ng election, pork barrel, weteng at pangungurakot, mga dahilan kung bakit mahirap paniwalaang "may malasakit, makabayan, may pagmamahal at kalinga" ang mga pulitiko.

    Nakakadis-empower sa mamamayan ang palagiang "pala-asa, may tulong na parating at may mauutangan." Mas nakatuon sa pagiging re-active, imbis na pro-active approached, "relief oriented, bayani effect at photo ops na intervention sa mga sakuna at dilubyo." Kung ipatutupad ang force evacuation, para na ring sinasabing laos na at hindi na uso ang prinsipyong “ang sama-sama at lakas ng mamamayan" at ibalik na muli ang kamay na bakal at pamumuwersa.

    Malaking bagay kung maipapakita ng mga lider pulitiko na may maayos, seryoso, may patakaran, batas, may paghahanda at epektibong planong nakabase sa komunidad at pinupuntirya ang sitwasyong patuloy na nakakalbo ang ating kagubatan, baradong mga daluyan ng mga waterways, masisibang real estate developers, quarrying at mining, zoning ordinance at patuloy na paggamit ng plastic.

    Dubladong trahedya ang kakaharapin ng ating bayan sa force evacuation. Trahedya sa kawalan ng paghahanda at plano, trahedya pa rin sa pagharap sa solusyon. Kung kakatwang ipatutupad ang force evacuation, para na ring inaming “failure ang Zero Casualty program” ng gubyerno. (Barrio and barangay are used interchangeably and correspond roughly to the/ courtesy of:valoable1.webs.com)
              Almanya U20 – Vanuatu U20 maçını canlı izle 26 mayıs 2017 yazısına Ömer tarafından yapılan yorumlar        
    Mükemmel Hd yayın
              Los 10 países menos poblados de Oceanía (2017)        

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los 10 países menos poblados de Oceanía actualmente (año 2017) son, por orden (de menor a mayor población): Tuvalu, Nauru, Palaos, Islas Marshall, Micronesia, Tonga, Kiribati, Samoa, Vanuatu e Islas Salomón. A continuación se presenta un listado con los… Continue Reading

    La entrada Los 10 países menos poblados de Oceanía (2017) aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


              Sudafrica Rand(ZAR)/Vanuatu Vatu(VUV)        
    1 Sudafrica Rand = 8.41934 Vanuatu Vatu
              Â¿Dónde está Australia?        

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN Australia es el más grande de los 14 países de Oceanía representando el 90% de la superficie total del continente. ¿Dónde está ubicada Australia? – Continente: Oceanía – Países más cercanos: Vanuatu (Este), Islas Salomón (Noreste), Papúa Nueva Guinea y Timor… Continue Reading

    La entrada ¿Dónde está Australia? aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


              Los 10 países más poblados de Oceanía (2017)        

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los 10 países más poblados de Oceanía actualmente (año 2017) son, por orden: Australia, Papúa Nueva Guinea, Nueva Zelanda, Fiyi, Islas Salomón, Vanuatu, Samoa, Kiribati, Tonga y Micronesia. A continuación se presenta un listado con los 10 países con… Continue Reading

    La entrada Los 10 países más poblados de Oceanía (2017) aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


              Â¿Cuántos países tiene Oceanía?        

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN ¿Cuántos países tiene Oceanía? ¿Cuáles son? El continente oceánico está compuesto por 14 países [Países de Oceanía]: Australia, Fiyi, Islas Marshall, Islas Salomón, Kiribati, Micronesia, Nauru, Nueva Zelanda, Palaos, Papúa Nueva Guinea, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu yVanuatu. Si quieres ver los países de Oceanía en un mapa: [Mapa político de… Continue Reading

    La entrada ¿Cuántos países tiene Oceanía? aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


              Studio Ett 20 mars        

    Relationerna med Saudiarabien. Nattsvart mitt pÃ¥ ljusa dagen? Solförmörkelse i dag. Cyklonen över Vanuatu. Polisjakten gÃ¥r vidare efter skottlossningen i Göteborg. Val i Andalusien. Kiruna - staden som hÃ¥ller pÃ¥ att flyttas. TerrordÃ¥det i Tunis.


              Vanuatu Under-19s v Papua New Guinea Under-19s 39/4 *        
    Vanuatu Under-19s v Papua New Guinea Under-19s 39/4 *
                      
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              FINAL PREDICTION- A second win for Farhadi        
    While here in Pakistan, I haven't been able to see as many Oscar nominees as I usually do....

    This year's foreign film race is a competitive four-way race for the first time in years. That's kind of exciting after the "bleh" years of "Son of Saul" and "Ida", which romped through the precursors to predictable, boring Oscar wins.

    Only "Tanna", the lovely film from VANUATU (but representing Australia) is out of the running. They were a shock nominee and should be happy finishing a respectable fifth place out of the 83 countries competing.

    "A Man Called Ove" and "Toni Erdmann" will benefit from the new rule established a few years ago that you don't have to prove you've seen all five nominees to vote. SWEDEN's "A Man Called Ove" got the widest release of any of the five films, grossing 3.5 million dollars in the USA. GERMANY's three-hour dramedy "Toni Erdmann" has been the critic's choice most of the year, which means it has the highest name recognition for any voters that just vote for what they heard was good.

    "Land of Mine" is the traditional choice to win the award....a World War II movie that pushes all the right buttons and packs an emotional wallop. For most of the year, I was pretty certain it would be the eventual winner. But it has been the least visible of the five and American viewers have barely been able to see it (though it did have a qualifying Oscar release) unlike "Tanna" (currently on VOD) or the others which got a wider viewing.

    Ultimately, I'm going to predict "The Salesman" and a second win for Asghar Farhadi from IRAN. It seems like very few people think "The Salesman" is the best Foreign Film of the year....But reviews have been solid across the board unlike "Toni" (overlong....touted as a hilarious comedy even though it is really a comic drama), "Ove" (which many think is formulaic and standard) and "Tanna" (slow and obscure). Most of all, "The Salesman" could benefit from a political bump due to liberal voters in Hollywood wanting to show that they are against the campaign of Islamophobia pushed by this administration. When the travel ban (now rescinded) seemed to bar director Farhadi and actress Taraneh Alidoosti from attending the ceremony (which they are now boycotting), Americans got angry. I think "The Salesman" has the best shot at winning, though it's by no means a lock

    THE SALESMAN- 40%
    A MAN CALLED OVE- 28%
    LAND OF MINE- 17%
    TONI ERDMANN- 14%
    TANNA- 1%

    I also managed to watch 11 of the 15 nominated short films

    Best Live Action Short
    Will Win:    Enemies Within (France), A-  
    Should Win:  The Woman and the TGV (Switzerland), A 
    Could Win: Sing (Hungary) C+
    No Chance: the disappointing Timecode (Spain) D and Silent Night (Denmark) C-

    Best Animated Short
    Will Win: Piper, A
    Should Win:  Piper
    Could Win: chilling 6-minute western "Borrowed Time", A-
    No Chance: the original 360 degree animation "Pearl" B+, Pear Cider and Cigarettes (which I admit I didn't see) and Blind Vaysha, C


              FINAL NOMINATION PREDICTIONS 2017        
    With many of the frontrunners (“Neruda”, “Elle”, “Clash”, “Olli Maki”) replaced by a series of generally well-received films with little Oscar buzz, this is going to be a difficult year to predict. Really, any of these nine films has a chance to be nominated but here's my rank order: 

    IN: 
    1. DENMARK- "Land of Mine"
    2. IRAN- "The Salesman"
    3. GERMANY- "Toni Erdmann"
    4. NORWAY- "The King's Choice"
    5. CANADA- "It's Only the End of the World"

    OUT:
    6. AUSTRALIA- "Tanna"
    7. SWITZERLAND- "Ma vie de courgette"
    8. SWEDEN- "A Man Called Ove"
    9. RUSSIA- "Paradise"

    As usual, I’ve tried to divide the films into three tiers:

    FAIRLY SAFE
    1. DENMARK- "Land of Mine"
    2. IRAN- "The Salesman"
    3. GERMANY- "Toni Erdmann"


    These three front-runners have generally been seen as “safe” throughout awards season and Golden Globe nominations for two of them (“Toni Erdmann” and “The Salesman”) have led me to believe that all three will be on the list on Tuesday morning. Though it failed at the Globes, Denmark has been nominated four of the past six years and I haven’t seen a single bad word about World War II drama “Land of Mine”, which focuses on the relationship between victorious Danish forces and young German POW conscripts forced to clear land mines that Germany used to terrorize Denmark during the war. I see the Danes as the dark horse front-runner to win the 2017 Oscar. And though some complain that father-daughter dramedy “Toni Erdmann” is overlong and others say Asghar Farhadi’s theatrical thriller “The Salesman” is not his best work, both have very strong, solid reviews overall. So, I’d say that all three of these are in.

    ON THE BUBBLE
    4. NORWAY- "The King's Choice"
    5. CANADA- "It's Only the End of the World"
    6. AUSTRALIA- "Tanna"
    Let’s take a look at the three films on the bubble. I keep going back and forth as to which of these three films will fail to make the list. Most people, in fact, are predicting all three will fail. 

    AUSTRALIA- “Tanna”
    In Brief:                                Directed by two Australia-based directors, “Tanna” is an exotic “Romeo + Juliet” story set during the late 20th century in the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu.
    Pros:                      The cinematography is beautiful. Though it takes place in a remote island, the story is universal and relatable.
    Cons:    Oscar seems to have lost its taste for “exotic”. Film starts off somewhat slow. 
    Hoping to emulate:         “Theeb”, "Embrace of the Serpent" and “Caravan”

    CANADA- “It’s Only the End of the World”
    In Brief:                Xavier Dolan goes to France in this all-star drama about a man who tells his (all-star cast) family that he’s dying.
    Pros:      This sort of all-star family drama is traditional Oscar bait. Big stars, emotional pull and very much a "French" flavor. Reviews have been stronger in the US than internationally. Won two awards at Cannes but…
    Cons:   Reviews have been very mixed, with many calling it Dolan’s weakest film. The film does descend a bit into hysterics. Xavier Dolan has never found favor with Oscar before. Some think the film is genuinely bad. 
    Hoping to emulate:     Every French nominee of the past 50 years.     

    NORWAY- “The King’s Choice”
    In Brief:                                An obscure "true story" domestic box-office hit about the Norwegian King’s decision in 1940 to fight Nazi Germany instead of agreeing to an ultimatum to  join the Nazi cause.
    Pros:      World War II! And it’s a rare WWII story that they've probably never heard of (Denmark is also trying for this angle). It's a more intellectual war film rather than an action movie, which could play for or against it. 
    Cons:     Obscure Norwegian history. Some say it’s really a film for a domestic audience
    Hoping to emulate:      "Sophie Scholl", "Baader Meinhof Komplex", 

    Bottom Line- I think the cerebral war film from Norway will play well with Oscar voters as will the French family drama. Though they've been shortlisted twice, Australia will likely have to wait for their first-ever nomination in this category. 

    LONG-SHOTS
    7. SWITZERLAND- "Ma vie de courgette"
    8. SWEDEN- "A Man Called Ove"
    9. RUSSIA- "Paradise"

    RUSSIA's“Paradise” is probably the longest of long shots on this year’s list. This grim, artistic black + white WWII film has more detractors than fans and was surely one of the “elite committee” saves. Like the similarly grim “The Notebook” from Hungary- which was shortlisted a few years ago- this Oscar journey of this divisive pick is sure to end here.

    SWEDEN's tragicomic “A Man Called Ove” is said to have had a rapturous reception with the geriatric older members of the “Large Committee”. They were perhaps best able to appreciate its story of a cranky widower learning to enjoy life again, after the death of his beloved wife. It’s a perfectly pleasant and well-made film, but it’s also formulaic and largely forgettable. Although I liked the film, it seems to fit the mold of other “pleasant”, unchallenging comedies that get cut at this stage (“Les Intouchables”, “Simple Simon”, “Superclasico”). 

    Which brings us to SWITZERLAND….I keep going back and forth on animated tale, “My Life as a Zucchini”. In many ways, it seems to be the most beloved film on the list. Everyone thinks it’s lovely and touching. Everyone likes it…..meaning it could become the second-ever animated film to score a nomination in this category. However, I’m still predicting that this spare 75-minute film will ultimately be relegated to the Best Animated Film category.



              2017 Foreign Oscar Predictions- MIDDLE EAST, AFRICA and OCEANIA (15 films)        

    Here's the third group...the films from The Middle East, Africa and Oceania.

    NO CHANCE
    15. MOROCCO- "A Mile in My Shoes"
    14. LEBANON- "Very Big Shot" 
    13. NEW ZEALAND- "A Flickering Truth"
    12.  IRAQ- "El Clasico"
    11. SAUDI ARABIA- "Barakah Meets Barakah"

    It’s an honor to be nominated! These five underdogs won’t be able to advance but they are all worthy of a watch and of attention. I’ve seen the films from New Zealand and Lebanon…LEBANON has selected fun action-dramedy “Very Big Shot”, a “Wag the Dog”-esque satire about a small-time drug pusher who comes up with an increasingly complicated plan to smuggle drugs to the West by way of an increasingly real film production. It’s a good debut but a bit uneven and clearly at its best with the comic aspects of the story. NEW ZEALAND has selected an informative documentary about Afghanistan’s film heritage. I’ve already mentioned that documentaries are at a disadvantage here and while “Truth”  starts and finishes strong, it sags a little in the middle and may be confusing for those who don’t know about Afghanistan’s tragic recent history. From IRAQI KURDISTAN (but representing the whole nation of Iraq), we have comic road movie “El Clasico”, about two little people on a quixotic journey to Spain to deliver a gift to a prospective father-in-law’s favorite footballer. This Norwegian co-production is said to be fun and heartfelt but a bit light-weight. SAUDI ARABIA has sent a film for the second time and it’s probably the most interesting film on the whole list. Romantic comedy “Barakah Meets Barakah” is a romantic comedy from a country where dating and movie theatres are both banned. Much of the comedy comes from how the title couple try to have a date without breaking the law. By Saudi standards, the film is actually quite daring and it's amazed it was able to made at all. The film has been well-received everywhere for its spirit, but most think it's a work-in-progress from a promising new director and not an Oscar nominee. I loved it  but I'll admit that eviews aren’t as strong as the unfairly snubbed “Wadjda”. As for MOROCCO, they have once again chosen a social drama that nobody in the world has seen or heard of. “A Mile in My Shoes” is about a small-time hood who finds it impossible to live a straight and narrow life amidst the corruption and violence of his Casablanca neighborhood. Zero buzz, zero chance.

    HIGHLY UNLIKELY

    10. JORDAN- "3000 Nights"
    9.  YEMEN- "I Am Nojoom, Age 10, Divorced"
    8.  SOUTH AFRICA- "Call Me Thief"
    7.  TURKEY- "Cold of Kalandar"
    6. PALESTINE- "The Idol"

    Hany Abu-Assad has had both his earlier films submitted and nominated to represent his native PALESTINE but "The Idol" has not gotten the same level of praise as the controversial "Paradise Now" or more mainstream "Omar" (which I preferred). "The Idol" is the feel-good true story of Gazan singer Mohammed Assaf who overcame poverty and Israeli blockades to win the Arab Idol television singing content. The film is perfectly acceptable and has beautiful music to boot, but it's also predictable and largely forgettable. 

    I would love to predict a nomination for war-torn YEMEN, which is submitting for the first time with the female-helmed "I Am Nojoom". It's about a ten-year old girl who is married off by her family to an old man to solve a family dispute. This really happens in Yemen (the director herself was a child bride) and the film has been warmly received at international festivals since it's premiere two years ago in Dubai. It took that long to get a domestic release. Variety calls the film important but "clumsy" and a nomination looks unlikely. 

    TURKEY's arthouse "Cold of Kalandar" was the surprise Best Picture winner at the Asia-Pacific Screen Awards and also won the Tokyo International Film Festival last year, but this slow tale of an impoverished Turkish family eking out a living in the countryside is probably too slow and arty to make an impact in Los Angeles. It's done better with international critics. SOUTH AFRICA and "Call Me Thief" has the opposite problem. They've chosen a very "local" Afrikaner tale about a local man who becomes a storyteller to stay alive in a South African prison. It's been a big hit at home and popular with local audiences, but it's a mainstream sort of film that I don't see resonating with international audiences as much. 

    JORDAN has also selected a prison drama- Palestinian film "3000 Nights", about a pregnant Arab woman whose good deed ends up with her unjustly imprisoned in an Israeli jail, and her attempts to survive her "3000 Night" sentence raising her baby in jail. Reviews have been good-to-mixed but not good enough to make the next round. 

    DARK HORSES-
    5. ALGERIA- “The Well” (Le puits)
    4. AUSTRALIA- “Tanna”
    3. ISRAEL- “Sandstorm”

    These three films are all realistic dark horses. It’s never wise to count out ISRAEL and their Arabic-language Bedouin drama “Sandstorm” already achieved a surprise victory at the Israel Ophir Awards (which received more press this year for a live onstage temper tantrum from the Culture Minister rather than for the nominated films) and now aims to do the same in Hollywood. “Sandstorm” is about a mother and daughter fighting against male-dominated traditions that are driving the girl into an unwanted marriage. Reviews have been positive but not universally so and this category rarely rewards films about women…but reviews in the US seem to be better than with European critics and Israel has quite a good record in this category. Another drama about Arab women is “Le puits”, a baity film from ALGERIA that nobody is talking about….The film concerns an Algerian town besieged by French forces during the war for independence. With the men at war, the town is populated almost entirely by women and children who, facing a drought, are forced to choose between being shot by French soldiers or dying of thirst.  It beat out the latest film from three-time Oscar nominee Rachid Bouchareb to represent Algeria. AUSTRALIA has chosen a Romeo & Juliet story made entirely in the neighboring island nation of Vanuatu.  It’s a slow film but it rewards the patient viewer with a memorable story shot in an alien environment as far removed from our daily lives as any other on earth….but one that is also universal and instantly relatable. Oscar seems to have lost its taste for the exotic cultural stories it used to favor, but “Tanna” is beautifully filmed and will impress the technical members of the committee (a bigger group of voters than most think).  


     
    LIKELY TO BE ON THE SHORTLIST
    2. IRAN- "The Salesman"
    1. EGYPT- "Clash"

    Egypt has been sending films to the Oscars for over 50 years (including some excellent ones) without any luck (though they got a Best Documentary Feature nod a few years ago for The Square). Will that change this year? I think maybe it will. “Clash” (Cannes 2016) has gotten excellent reviews for its story of a group of Egyptian protesters of all political persuasions who are locked together in a police van. Described as powerful, important and insightful (and promoted by self-described fan Tom Hanks) the film has an excellent chance of making the 9-film shortlist if the Academy doesn’t get confused by the politics. The Academy has recently shown a great deal of interest in Middle Eastern stories (as Algeria, Iran, Israel, Jordan and Palestine can attest). Speaking of IRAN, “The Salesman” by Oscar winner Asghar Farhadi should also be considered a front-runner. The film won Best Actor and Screenplay at Cannes 2016 and although it’s not considering Farhadi’s best, reviews have overall been positive and a lot of a high average score is all you need with the large committee. The film itself is a revenge thriller revolving around the cast of an Iranian production of American play “Death of a Salesman”. Farhadi’s “About Elly” and “The Past” were all considered frontrunner so Farhadi is not guaranteed a spot, but this should be considered a serious threat.  


    And here at the statistics:

    Number of countries from these regions who have participated in the past: 9 from the Middle 
    East, 14 from Africa and 3 from Oceania

    Number of countries participating this year:  9 from the Middle East (including debutante Yemen), 4 from Africa and 2 from Oceania.

    Number of debuts: One: YEMEN

    Number of countries opting out:  The major absences are TUNISIA and ETHIOPIA. The Ethiopians submitted films the past two years, and probably did quite well on both occasions. Tunisia hadn’t submitted a film since 2002 but on September 2nd,  they announced they were returning to the competition with the exciting new drama “Flower of Aleppo”….but then announced “As I Open My Eyes” on September 21. Both stories seemed official (although the later story actually included the names of the committee members). Some have speculated that two rival committees sent two rival films. Tunisian newspapers said “Flower of Aleppo” wasn’t eligible because it hadn’t been released in Tunisia but that the two films were disqualified because of “confusion” (that isnot a reason AMPAS would disqualify a film). Nobody seems to know what really happened but neither of these critically acclaimed Tunisian films appeared on the final list. Hopefully we'll see "Aleppo" on the list next year. 

    Also, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Fiji, Kuwait and a bunch of other “one-time only” African countries bowed out, but that didn’t surprise anyone.

    Already Seen: 5- The films from Australia, Lebanon, New Zealand, Palestine and Saudi Arabia are all legally available via VOD.

    Film I'm most looking forward to seeing
    :  I’m a big Farhadi fan so definitely "The Salesman" from IRAN.

    Feature Debuts:   SIX. Lotfi Bouchouchi (Algeria), Martin Butler (Australia), Mir-Jean Bou Chaaya (Lebanon), Daryne Joshua (South Africa), Said Khallaf (Morocco) and Mahmoud Sabbagh (Saudi Arabia)

    Number of Female Directors FOUR. Pietra Brettkelly (New Zealand), Mai Masri (Jordan), Khadija al-Salami (Yemen) and Elite Zexer (Israel)

    Oldest and Youngest Directors: The oldest is probably Australia's Martin Butler, while the youngest is surely 27-year old Mir-Jean Bou Chaaya from Lebanon. 

    Number of Foreign Languages Represented:   9 of the films are chiefly in Arabic (including Israel), while two others (Iran and New Zealand) are in Persian. The other four are in Afrikaans, Kurdish, Turkish and Nauvhal, a language spoken by around 5000 people in Vanuatu, and possibly the most obscure language ever represented in the history of the Foreign Language competition. 

    Number of Animated Films and Documentaries:  One documentary from New Zealand

    Number of comedies: 3- Iraq, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia although all of them are kind of dramedies.

    Number of countries with a realistic chance at making the shortlist:  Five or six?

    Highest profile film:  Definitely Asghar Farhadi’s “The Salesman”, although buzz for Egyptian drama “Clash” has been topping that.

    Oscar History: We have two Oscar nominees in play. Asghar Farhadi is representing Iran for the fourth time- he won on his second try for “The Past” in 2012. Hany Abu-Assad is representing Palestine for the third time- he got Oscar nominations on both previous occasions for “Paradise Now” and “Omar”.

    Algeria, Iran and South Africa have all won the award once while Israel holds the record for the most nominations (10) without a win. Palestine and Jordan have also made the nomination stage, while Australia, Morocco and Turkey have made it to the shortlist.

    Best & Worst Decisions:  Definitely YEMEN and SAUDI ARABIA, which made the decision to enter the race at all. Also, EGYPT whose Academy is surprisingly courageous in choosing controversial submissions and ALGERIA which went on quality rather than connections..... SOUTH AFRICA probably chose the wrong film. 

    Controversies and Changes:  I've already outlined the Tunisian problems above. CAMEROON also tried to submit a film for the first time since 1980 with Bollywood drama "Yahan Ameena Bikti Hai", but the film was 100% Indian and the Cameroonian was so laughably minimal that the film was deservedly disqualified. 

    With Afghanistan and Armenia disqualified for nationality issues, I'm surprised nobody bothered to ask about JORDAN which submitted a Palestinian film. 

    Most Notable Omissions:  South Africa had quite a few films to choose from, including Darrell Roodt's biopic "Shooting Star" and "Dis ek Anna"....Algeria dumped Rachid Bouchareb's "Road to Istanbul" (which didn't have great reveiws) and Iran didn't have enough room for local production "Life+1 Day". 

    Familiar Faces:  No household names, though you'll probably recognize Shahab Hosseini ("A Separation") and Taraneh Alidoosti ("About Elly") from "The Salesman" and Lebanon's Nadine Labaki ("Caramel") who has a small role in "The Idol". 

    Last year's race:   These countries submitted 13 films last year, obtaining a single nomination for JORDAN's "Theeb". I saw "Theeb" along with the livestock-themed "Wanted 18" from Palestine" and "Lamb" from Ethiopia. My favorite was "Lamb" (A-), though I also liked "Theeb" (B+) but was left a bit indifferent to "The Wanted 18" (C+). 

    The first-round screenings finish on December 12.....

    Next: GROUP IV: The 18 films of Asia


              Return of the Iceland ash cloud? Fears grow of volcanic eruption that 'would be worse' than last year's which closed Europe's skies        










    - Earthquake activity registered near the volcano meaning an eruption could be imminent, experts say
    An Icelandic volcano that could have a more devastating impact than the one that paralysed air traffic last year may erupt at any moment, experts have warned.
    Katla is a much bigger volcano than nearby Eyjafjallajokul, the 2010 eruption of which cost airlines £1.27billion after ash grounded flights across Europe. Full story:
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2048627/The-ash-cloud-returns-Rumbling-Icelandic-volcano-Katla-WORSE-years-eruption-closed-Europes-skies.html

    * Video: Iceland president warns of second volcano threat... Will a Warmer World Trigger More Intense Volcanic Activity?...SkyNews: V-shaped UFO formation over Iceland Volcano (Video)...Shiveluch volcano in Russia’s Kamchatka peninsula erupts ash...Vanuatu prepares evacuation from rumbling volcano... Earthquakes Volcanoes & Solar Activity - 18-24 April... Iceland volcano: This is just the beginning, warn scientists:
    http://cristiannegureanu.blogspot.com/2010/04/video-iceland-president-warns-of-second.html

              10 YOUTUBE VIDEOS YOU’LL WISH YOU COULD SEE LIVE        

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    10 YouTube Videos You’ll Wish You Could See Live
    By Adrian Chirila,
    Toptenz, 6 August 2017.

    YouTube videos are great and all, but nothing beats the real thing. The advantages of YouTube is that people from all across the world, with a few exceptions, can film and upload videos, sharing their experiences with us. This makes us more connected with each other, for better or worse, and it brings us in contact with things that we might not have ever even known existed. But with that said, it’s one thing to see it on the internet and totally another to see it live. Here are 10 videos that’ll make you wish you’d been there to see these incredible things for yourself.

    10. The Double Rainbow


    As far as YouTube videos go, the Double Rainbow Guy is among the most amusing, yet inspirational ones out there. Now, even though the guy filming the two rainbows seems like he was on something, given his reaction to seeing them, he later made another video talking about his experience. In it, he says that he was clear-minded, he didn’t take any drugs whatsoever, and that he was simply struck by the beauty of what he was seeing. A lot of people have seen a perfect rainbow going from one end to the other, but it would have been an even greater experience to witness one with someone who was so obviously overwhelmed by something so common, yet so beautiful.

    Rainbows are usually spotted just before or immediately after a rain. To see one, we need a source of light, like the sun, and billions of water droplets. When the light of the sun hits these suspended droplets, the light refracts into the standard ROYGBIV or Roy G. Biv sequence of hues that form a rainbow. A secondary rainbow can sometimes form, like in the video, but it will be fainter and with its colors reversed. This is because the light has to be reflected twice within the raindrops. In some extremely rare cases, a triple or even quadruple rainbow can be seen.

    9. Surfing the 100-Foot Wave


    Back in 2013, professional surfer Garrett McNamara, a 49-year-old from Hawaii, rode a 100-foot high wave in Nazare, Portugal. Unfortunately, however, no accurate measures were taken of the wave and nobody is really sure if it was actually 100 feet or not. Nevertheless, the video proves the fact that the wave was huge. McNamara is also on record for surfing a 78-foot high wave in the same place, two years prior in 2011. In October, 2013, another surfer, Carlos Burle from Brazil was also trying to beat the record of largest wave ever ridden in Nazare. His wave was also estimated to be around 100 feet tall, but to date, McNamara’s 78-footer is still the official record.

    The site at Nazare is particularly dangerous for surfers since the waves break close to shore and not on distant reefs like in other surfing places. The reason this region on Portugal’s coast generates such huge waves during the winter months is because of the underwater Nazaré Canyon. This canyon causes the incoming swell waves to become much larger than normal. Back in October, 2013, when Carlos Burle was trying his luck with the waves there, a fellow surfer was knocked unconscious by a wave, but was rescued before slamming into the rocks. The waves were particularly perilous during that week because of St Jude’s storm, also known as Cyclone Christian, which hit Northern Europe during that time. So, you can only imagine how it must have felt for the people watching from the cliffs, instead of just seeing this video years later.

    8. The Largest Mammal Migration in the World


    When it comes to mammals, and especially mammal migrations, there’s no better place to go than Africa. We won’t be talking about the Great Wildebeest Migration, as some might expect, but that of the fruit bat. They also go by several other names such as the Megabat, flying foxes, or Old World fruit bats. Though the largest species of bat lives in the Philippines, its African cousin is not far behind. This straw-colored fruit bat, native to large parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, can grow to 9 inches in length and have a wingspan of 30 inches. They can also weigh up to 12 ounces and have an orange or yellowish fur. They live in large groups of over 100,000, but can sometimes reach well over one million. As their name suggests, these bats are vegetarian and feed on fruits, tree bark, flowers, leaves, or nectar. They also rely on their sense of smell and sight to look for their food, unlike other species of bat that rely on echolocation.

    The straw-colored fruit bats are also migratory, following the food supply. And one favorite destination is Kasanka National Park in Zambia, where from late October to the end of December, fruit bats swarm by the millions in search for fruit. It is estimated that anywhere in between 10 to 15 million bats migrate here every year and consume roughly one billion fruits before they leave. Though not necessarily nocturnal, these bats do actually feed during the night and rest during the day, dangling upside-down from the tree branches. But as you can imagine, due to their overwhelming numbers, these branches occasionally snap, offering the ravenous crocodiles below a quick snack. Not only is this the largest mammal migration on Earth, it is also taking place in a patch of forest no bigger than 150 square miles. Seeing this in person should definitely be on anyone’s bucket list.

    7. Night of the Northern Lights


    Traveling close to the Arctic Circle in winter doesn’t sound like a great idea. It’s cold, the days are short - extremely short, actually - and you might end up coming back home depressed because of the lack of Vitamin D from the lack of sunshine. But there is one good reason to go there in winter - the Aurora Borealis; one of nature’s most beautiful displays. Now, the aurora can happen year-round, but during the summer, when it’s mostly day, it’s almost impossible to see it. The South Pole also has its own lights, known as the Aurora Australis. Actually, aurorae can be seen all over the world - but those cases are extremely rare. And as you can imagine, native people living in areas where these lights usually occur all had different legends or stories about their origins. The Inuit people believed that it was their ancestors dancing in the sky, while the Vikings saw them as a godly bridge of fire in the sky.

    In reality, though, the Northern Lights are a result of solar flares. These solar flares form when the immense pressures inside the sun push the magnetic field towards the surface of the star, resulting in an astronomical explosion of particles. When these particles reach the Earth, roughly two days later, we get the Aurora Borealis. Some of these solar winds, as they are called, can have enough force and energy to destroy human civilization, or at least knock out satellites and power grids. Luckily, however, Earth is protected by a magnetic field that pushes most of these particles away from the surface. But some of these particles are diverted by field lines to the planet’s two weak spots - the North and South poles. When these solar particles collide with the oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere, they generate the beautiful aurorae. So, in short, this amazing spectacle of nature that anyone should see is, in a way, nothing more that the Sun’s way of trying and failing to kill us.

    6. The Iguana Chased By Snakes


    Back in 2013, BBC announced their documentary Planet Earth II for a 2016 release, as a sequel to Planet Earth, which aired in 2006. Christopher Hooton from The Independent called it: “Undoubtedly the greatest TV nature documentary to date and there’s a strong case for it being one of the best TV series full stop.” The entire documentary was split into six episodes, each of them airing a week apart. The first in the series was entitled Islands, and talked about some of the most remote and most unique places on Earth.

    Going from Zavodovski Island in the South Atlantic Ocean, home to roughly 1.5 million chinstrap penguins, to Escudo Island in Panama, the team also found their way to Fernandina Island in the Galapagos Archipelago. The island is completely uninhabited and the film crew had to work from a yacht in order to have access to shore. This story is purely about survival. Every year, marine iguana hatchlings emerge from their nests and try to make it to the higher ground in one piece. But the relatively short distance from their nest to the safe haven is a perilous one, since the island is also home to thousands of Galápagos Racer Snakes, who’ve been waiting for this moment all year. These snakes are mildly venomous and pose little threat to humans, but for the baby iguanas, they’re a mortal enemy. They’ve developed eyesight specifically tailored to detect movement, and once they spot a target, they seem relentless in their pursuit. So, if the iguana stands completely still it might go unnoticed, but once it’s on the move, the entire rock face comes alive with snakes trying to catch it.

    5. The Gateway to Hell


    Even though humanity has reached a level that no other living species on Earth ever has, Mother Nature can still treat us like we’re mere bacteria on a pair of hands ready to be washed. Many of us living in big cities all across the world have never been exposed to the awesome power of the planet, and how easy it is for it to hurt us in a mere instant. But in the pacific nation of Vanuatu, on the small island of Ambrym, one can have a glimpse of our home’s true potential. Covering a surface of just 261 square miles, the island’s center hosts a volcanic, almost alien-like landscape. And in the center of it all is Marum crater with its lava lakes.

    One trip there, at the mouth of this hellish ‘portal to the underworld’, and anyone will think twice about what lies just several miles below their feet. This is the kind of experience that can put anyone’s life into perspective. Forget standing too close to a campfire - this is something else completely. There are other lava lakes around the world, but none of them can be approached at this distance because they are too volatile. Fortunately, the Marum volcano is quite stable, maintaining a constant temperature of ‘just’ 2,282° F. In this video, New Zealand filmmaker Geoff Mackley was the first person to get so personal with this lake, wearing nothing other than a T-shirt and a pair of cargo pants. But once on the edge, he only lasted a few seconds before having to go back for his heat-proof proximity suit. Once he was safe and relatively comfortable, he watched it for over 40 minutes.

    4. The Magnificent Monarch Butterflies


    Every year, almost like clockwork, millions upon millions of Monarch butterflies embark on a 3,000 mile journey, starting from as far as the Canadian Rockies and ending up in Mexico and Southern California. As this video shows, a sight like this should not be missed by anyone who is able to see it with their own eyes. Since they can’t survive the northern climate, they move down south in order to hibernate for the winter, looking for their favored eucalyptus and oyamel fir trees. One particularly interesting thing about the Monarchs is the fact that they always return to the same trees, year after year, even though they are not the same butterflies that left that place one year before.

    Around the months of February and March, the last generation wakes up from their winter slumber and then begin looking for a mate. They then start the migration north, in order to find a place to lay their eggs. Here’s the truly unique thing about the Monarchs: their average lifespan is only about two to six weeks after its own metamorphosis process. And during this time they feed, look for a mate, reproduce, and die. While still in the central and northern reaches of the continent, they go through three more generations, one being born in May and June, the other one in July and August, and finally in September and October. But this last generation is different from all the others. Its task is to repeat the migration back to California and Mexico, and it will live for six to eight months before the whole process starts all over again. Mother Nature does seem to think of everything, doesn’t she?

    3. The Biggest Glacier Calving Ever Filmed


    We’ve now reached a point where statistics such as a few degrees in temperature rise, or sea levels rising, or dwindling animal populations no longer affect us, and we tend to brush them off, not wanting to hear about them anymore. But one way these things could still affect us is to see them happening right in front of us, and this YouTube video is one such example. Back in 2008, a team of documentarians traveled to western Greenland, to the Ilulissat Glacier, and filmed the largest iceberg calving ever caught on film. This glacier, by the way, is also the believed origin for the iceberg that sank the Titanic. Calving is a natural process through which glaciers lose mass as they extend further and further away from their base. It happens when the edge begins to crack either by melt water and wind erosion, or some external factor that causes the outer edge to become unstable. When this happens, we get an iceberg that will begin floating out to sea and eventually melt away.

    This time, however, the piece of the glacier that broke off was roughly the size of lower Manhattan, and was about 3,000 feet tall. The whole process of breaking and bobbing up and down took some 75 minutes. These glaciers are also the main reason for rising sea levels. Unlike sea ice, which is created on the water, glaciers are created on land. But since the temperatures are rising, this water is no longer contained on land in the form of ice and it begins to flow to the lowest point on the planet, which are the oceans. Now calving is a natural process of water recycling, but in recent decades, glaciers lose more ice than what is being replaced. Between 2000 and 2010, Ilulissat Glacier lost more ice than in the previous 100 years.

    2. The Synchronous Fireflies


    Seeing a forest full of hundreds, if not thousands of tiny green flashes of light is something spectacular, to say the least. It definitely looks like something out of this world. And one great place to see this spectacle of nature is in Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee. There are roughly 2,000 species of fireflies in the world, mainly in Asia and the Americas, and they prefer warm or temperate environments. They love moisture and are a rather familiar sight during warm summer nights. They produce these beautiful flashes of light in order to find potential mates and each species has its own series of signals in order to differentiate between themselves.

    In the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, there are 19 species of fireflies, and only Photinus carolinus is synchronous. This means that, unlike the other species, this one produces a series of five to eight of synchronized flashes over a period of several seconds. Depending on the weather, the mating season for these fireflies takes place every year between the months of May and June, and the lightshow starts after dark, usually around 9 o’clock.

    1. Earth from Space


    It’s often easy to forget that the universe actually…well, exists. During the day, we’re blanketed by a blue ‘cover’ over our heads, while at night the lights of the city cover many of the stars that we would normally see. Even when we look at the moon, we usually don’t even give it a second thought, even though it is a huge ball of rock floating in the seemingly infinite universe alongside our own planet. Now, in order to remind us of the existence of space, as it were, NASA has an almost constant live feed of Earth seen from the International Space Station (ISS), giving us images of the beauty of our planet, and possibly debunking once and for all the idea of a “flat” Earth. But actually looking at the Earth from orbit is easier said than done, right? Well, for a low, low price of US$35 million, the Russians are more than happy to take you to the ISS. For US$15 million more, you could also walk outside of the station. What a bargain!

    But for the rest of us mere mortals, there could be other, cheaper alternatives on the horizon. There are a number of companies looking to find a way to bring tourism to outer space. The best known company is Virgin Galactic, which aims to bring tourists into space for US$250,000. That’s around the same price some round-the-world cruise costs today. Another company, World View Enterprises, based in Arizona, is looking at ways to bring people 100,000 feet into the air via a huge balloon, and for only US$75,000. These are just two examples, but there are others. The point is that one day soon, many more people will be able to go to the outer edges of the atmosphere and see the Earth as it is - a bluish sphere floating in complete darkness.

    Top image: Video screenshot of NASA live stream of Earth seen from space. Credit: Space Videos/YouTube.

    [Source: Toptenz. Top image added.]


              Colossal coasts: 10 largest islands in the world        

    We take a look at the largest islands in the world from deserted Ellesmere Island in the Arctic Circle to metropolitan Honshu in Japan.

    We’ve spent an inordinate amount of time on islands. Not only were we born and raised on one, but island destinations appear to be a reoccurring theme on our travels as well.

    In 2014 we began Atlas & Boots with a six-month journey across the South Pacific via Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Cook Islands, French Polynesia and Hawaii. And our latest extended trip has seen us spend a month in Sri Lanka shortly followed by another in Mauritius.

    The post Colossal coasts: 10 largest islands in the world appeared first on Atlas & Boots.


              Yasur volcano, Tanna, Vanuatu        
    Yasur volcano, Tanna, Vanuatu
    After cyclone PAM, I visited my friend of John Frum village on Tanna island to bring them first aid. During my stay, I had some times to climb this amazing volcano! I flew my drone into it while my leg were shaking hard… Big explosions happen at any time with flying lava bombs… They call […]
              Smiles in Fali Village, Ambrym, Vanuatu        
    Smiles in Fali Village, Ambrym, Vanuatu
    People in Vanuatu and particularly children are the most smiling people on earth, anything can give them happiness and big smile. You can see some trunks washed away during cyclone PAM. Nature will need more than a year to recover. City : FaliStreet : AmbrymCounty or State : MalampaCountry : Vanuatu
              Fali Village, Ambrym, Vanuatu        
    Fali Village, Ambrym, Vanuatu
    After being badly hit by cyclone PAM, inhabitants of Ambrym and particularly children go back to life, playing in the sea, discovering this “funny noisy bird” as they called it. They are an example of happiness! City : FaliStreet : AmbrymCounty or State : MalampaCountry : Vanuatu
              Heart in Maranatha School, Ambrym, Vanuatu        
    Heart in Maranatha School, Ambrym, Vanuatu
    After cyclone PAM, I decided to help my dear friends of Vanuatu. You see here a very remote place on Ambrym island where you can access only after more than a hour of walk from last village. This island is dominated by one of the most active volcano on earth and their inhabitants have to […]
              El capitán para la cárcel        

    ¡Sorpresa! La verdad debería de estar haciendo miles de otras cosas porque lo que ahora menos tengo es tiempo pero es que imposible no comentar este tema. Mejor dicho la mente va a diez mil por hora procesando todo lo que quiero decir y las palabras no salen tan rápido como quisiera. Más de un año ha pasado desde el último artículo y muchas cosas tengo para contar pero poco tiempo así que vamos a ver como hago, pero bueno a lo que vinimos.

    Digamos que la inspiración nació porque TM de Mérida, México me pregunto que creía yo iba a pasar con la naviera, y ahí fue cuando mi mente comenzó a revolucionarse, escribí tanto en Facebook (y eso que estaba escribiendo desde mi teléfono) que Facebook no me dejo publicar el comentario así que me dije que mejor que un Prometeo. Para los que no saben yo trabaje como jefe de nómina a bordo de un crucero de la Royal Caribbean por varios años así que se de lo que estoy hablando (soy fuente fidedigna), por supuesto que no soy experto en el caos que se vivió a bordo del Costa Concordia pero si se como son las cosas en los barcos. No hay que ser científico de la NASA para saber que el capitán ya tiene escrito en la frente C-A-R-C-E-L y bien merecida. No hablemos bobadas, los capitanes de hoy en día son como Elizabeth II, solo figuran y tienen malos cortes de pelos (se visten bien porque les dan uniforme porque si no seguro se vestirían de sastrecillos color pastel con sombreros de azafata de los 60) y no hacen mayor cosa. A estos hombres les pagan MUY bien y no hacen mayor cosa, les pagan porque precisamente si llega a pasar algo son ellos los responsables de las almas a bordo del barco y deben saber que es lo que hay que hacer para que se salven todos, pero este tipo, el tal Francesco Schettino debió haber capado el curso Capitanes 101 porque él ni muy corto ni perezoso le dio por salvarse y dejar que los otros vieran a ver como se salían del fiasco en el que él los había metido. La verdad es que es un inepto, el que no ha escuchado la grabación de la guardia costera en Livorno ordenándole a este pelele volver que lo haga para que se de cuenta que no hay otro apelativo apropiado para este ente. El tipo que le da las órdenes desde Livorno debería de haber sido el capitán del barco, no este negado.

    No hay forma alguna que una tripulación por más hábil que sea y por que tenga todas las horas del mundo en entrenamiento vaya a ser capaz de conducir una evacuación de dos mil pasajeros, todos histéricos (si en condiciones normales pueden ser insoportables como será con el barco torcido y con el agua hasta la mitad), sin instrucciones, sin direcciones y sin información desde el puente de mando, ¡No hay forma! Entonces cuando salen los pasajeros a decir que los botes estaban manejados por gente del hotel (léase cocineros, limpiadores, del bar y meseros) que no jodan, ¿qué esperaban un inepto Schettino en cada bote salvavidas? Más bien que agradezcan que si no fueran por ellos se hubieran ahogado. La verdad me quito el sombrero ante la tripulación del Costa Concordia, pero al capitán sí que se lo coma el tigre por irresponsable e incompetente. TM preguntaba que le va a pasar a la naviera. La verdad creo que nada, Costa Cruises le pertenece a la naviera más grande del mundo, a Carnival así que deben estar súper asegurados y esperando las 4000 demandas que les van a llegar. Lo más seguro es que los multen pero ellos tienen toda la plata del mundo. Y como todo en este mundo en unos meses nadie se acordara. Por ahora saldrán miles de historias de todas las cosas horribles que pasan en los cruceros, etc. Yo acabo de pasar el año nuevo en uno en Vanuatu y en Nueva Caledonia y la pasé re-bien. Sin embargo estoy seguro que en Estados Unidos, Europa y acá en Australia van a comenzar a tener requerimientos mas exigentes de seguridad y mas entrenamiento para la tripulación. Es increíble que en pleno siglo XXI esto esté sucediendo, honestamente. Esta es mi hipótesis de lo que paso, la verdad como dije al principio no he tengo mucho tiempo así que no he investigado tanto como me gustaría pero ahí les dejo lo que creo pasó:

    Puede que el mapa no tuviera la roca marcada pero ¿qué coño hace un crucero tan cerca a la costa? Un poquito más y el barco cae encima de la isla. Y que no digan que era para que los pasajeros vieran el paisaje, es Europa, es invierno a las 9 de la noche (el barco zarpo de Civitavecchia a las 7pm hora local) no se ve absolutamente nada. Tampoco estaba por atracar así que no tenía porque estar ahí. Pero bueno errores los comete todo el mundo, digamos que el tipo se equivoco, con el estruendo de la roca abriendo el casco del buque (no sé si esa sea la expresión correcta en español, en ingles se dice the hull) alguien debió haber ido a ver qué paso y de donde vino el ruido. Partamos de un principio, los barcos de hoy en día son tan grandes que toman horas en hundirse inclusive en altamar, no es que de un momento a otro se lo trago el triángulo de las Bermudas, no. Si el tipo ve que el barco lo está perdiendo debió haber dado la alarma de evacuación antes de que perdiera la mitad de los botes salvavidas. Al barco estar inclinado de un lado de una forma drástica hace que la mitad de los botes dejen de ser utilizables porque si los bajan no tocan el agua sino el lado del barco. Al demorarse tanto el tipo ya perdió la mitad de la capacidad de evacuación (hasta aquí es todo chisme mio y lo que creo ocurrió) y bueno pues para colmo de males a este le dio por abandonar el barco. Por algo será que dicen que las ratas son las primeras en abandonar el barco cuando este se hunde.

    Bueno ahora si me voy a estudiar y a trabajar :)

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              FUNDACION ONEYDA CAYETANO Y LOS HOMBRES Y MUJERES DE EDAD PLATEADA Y EDAD DORADA        

     LEY 352-98 DEBE SER CUMPLIDA Y RESPETADA PARA LOS ADULTOS MAYORES DE EDAD PLATEADA Y EDAD DORADA DE REPUBLICA DOMINICANA.

    A LAS SEÑORAS Y SEÑORES DE MAS EDAD O AÑOS DEL MUNDO LES LLAMAREMOS SEÑORAS Y SEÑORES EDAD PLATEADA Y EDADDORADA

    SEÑORES TERCERA EDAD

    SEÑORAS Y SEÑORES EDAD PLATEADA

    DESDE LOS 60 HASTA LOS 80 AÑOS


    SEÑORES CUARTA EDAD

    SEÑORAS Y SEÑORES EDAD DORADA

    DESDE LOS 80 AÑOS HASTA 100 AÑOS Y MAS

    LAS EDADES DEL HOMBRE SON LAS ETAPAS POR LA QUE HA PASADO LA HUMANIDAD DESDE SU CREACION SEGUN LA MITOLOGIA, CLASICA DE LOS DIOSES.

     

    POR LO QUE EN FUNDACION ONEYDA CAYETANO TENEMOS LA INICIATIVA DE LLAMAR EDAD DORADA Y EDAD PLATEADA A LOS HOMBRES Y MUJERES DE MAS EDAD EN EL MUNDO.

     





    SEÑORES EDAD PLATEADA, SEÑORES EDAD DORADA, TERCERA EDAD, CUARTA EDAD, PERSONAS DE LA TERCERA EDAD, SEÑORES ADULTOS MAYORES, ENVEJECIENTES, ADULTOS MAYORES, ANCIANOS, ABUELAS, ABUELOS, TODOS.



    HOY 1 DE OCTUBRE ES EL DIA INTERNACIONAL DE LOS ADULTOS MAYORES, Y QUEREMOS UN MUNDO MEJOR PARA ELLOS!!, EN:

    A
    Afganistán
    Albania
    Alemania
    Andorra
    Angola
    Antigua y Barbuda
    Antillas Holandesas
    Arabia Saudí
    Argelia
    Argentina
    Armenia
    Aruba
    Australia
    Austria
    Azerbaiyán
    B
    Bahamas
    Bahrein
    Bangladesh
    Barbados
    Bélgica
    Belice
    Benín
    Bermudas
    Bielorrusia
    Bolivia
    Botswana
    Bosnia
    Brasil
    Brunei
    Bulgaria
    Burkina Faso
    Burundi
    Bután
    C
    Cabo Verde
    Camboya
    Camerún
    Canadá
    Chad
    Chile
    China
    Chipre
    Colombia
    Comoras
    Congo
    Corea del Norte
    Corea del Sur
    Costa de Marfil
    Costa Rica
    Croacia
    Cuba
    D
    Dinamarca
    Dominica
    Dubai
    E
    Ecuador
    Egipto
    El Salvador
    Emiratos Árabes Unidos
    Eritrea
    Eslovaquia
    Eslovenia
    España
    Estados Unidos de América
    Estonia
    Etiopía
    F
    Fiyi
    Filipinas
    Finlandia
    Francia
    G
    Gabón
    Gambia
    Georgia
    Ghana
    Grecia
    Guam
    Guatemala
    Guayana Francesa
    Guinea-Bissau
    Guinea Ecuatorial
    Guinea
    Guyana
    Granada
    H
    Haití
    Honduras
    Hong Kong
    Hungría
    Holanda
    I
    India
    Indonesia
    Irak
    Irán
    Irlanda
    Islandia
    Islas Caimán
    Islas Marshall
    Islas Pitcairn
    Islas Salomón
    Israel
    Italia
    J
    Jamaica
    Japón
    Jordania
    K
    Kazajstán
    Kenia
    Kirguistán
    Kiribati
    Kósovo
    Kuwait
    L
    Laos
    Lesotho
    Letonia
    Líbano
    Liberia
    Libia
    Liechtenstein
    Lituania
    Luxemburgo
    M
    Macedonia
    Madagascar
    Malasia
    Malawi
    Maldivas
    Malí
    Malta
    Marianas del Norte
    Marruecos
    Mauricio
    Mauritania
    México
    Micronesia
    Mónaco
    Moldavia
    Mongolia
    Montenegro
    Mozambique
    Myanmar (antes Birmania)
    N
    Namibia
    Nauru
    Nepal
    Nicaragua
    Níger
    Nigeria
    Noruega
    Nueva Zelanda
    O
    Omán
    Orden de Malta
    P
    Países Bajos
    Pakistán
    Palestina
    Paula
    Panamá
    Papúa Nueva Guinea
    Paraguay
    Perú
    Polonia
    Portugal
    Puerto Rico
    Q
    Qatar
    R
    Reino Unido
    República Centroafricana
    República Checa
    República del Congo
    República Democrática del Congo (antiguo Zaire)
    República Dominicana
    Ruanda
    Rumania
    Rusia
    S
    Sáhara Occidental
    Saint Kitts-Nevis
    Samoa Americana
    Samoa
    San Marino
    Santa Lucía (país)
    Santo Tomé y Príncipe
    San Vicente y las Granadinas
    Senegal
    Serbia
    Seychelles
    Sierra Leona
    Singapur
    Siria
    Somalia
    Sri Lanka (antes Ceilán)
    Sudáfrica
    Sudán
    Suecia
    Suiza
    Suazilandia
    T
    Tailandia
    Taiwán o Formosa (República Nacionalista China)
    Tanzania
    Tayikistán
    Tíbet (actualmente bajo soberanía China)
    Timor Oriental (antiguamente ocupado por Indonesia)
    Togo
    Tonga
    Trinidad y Tobago
    Túnez
    Turkmenistán
    Turquía
    Tuvalu
    U
    Ucrania
    Uganda
    Uruguay
    Uzbequistán
    V
    Vanuatu
    Vaticano
    Venezuela
    Vietnam
    W
    Wallis y Futuna
    X
    Y
    Yemen
    Yibuti
    Z
    Zambia
    Zaire
    Zimbabue

    EN ALGUNOS DE ESTOS PAISES GRACIAS A DIOS, LOS ADULTOS MAYORES TIENEN UNA MEJOR CALIDAD DE VIDA, PERO MUCHOS ESTAN ABANDONADOS POR SUS SERES QUIERIDOS EN LOS HOGARES DE ANCIANOS O HOMES, EN OTROS PAISES LOS GOBIERNOS NO LES RESPETAN NI DERECHOS HUMANOS, NO TIENEN LEYES DE PROTECCION Y SUFREN EL ABANDONADO POR SUS FAMILIARES EN CENTROS DE RESIDENCIAS, EN LAS CALLES, EN HOSPITALES Y EN COMUNIDADES, LOS HIJOS, HIJAS, NIETOS Y FAMILIARES LES HEREDADAN EN VIDA Y LUEGO LOS ABANDONAN; LO QUE ES VIOLENCIA INTRAFAMILIAR PERO Y LOS GOBIERNOS EN TODO EL MUNDO LOS TOMAN EN CUENTA PERO EN TIEMPOS ELECTORALES.
    FUNDACION ONEYDA CAYETANO
    REPUBLICA DOMINICANA
    TELEFONO: (809) 657-5745 y (809) 237-2753
              L'OPT-NC soutient l'IRD dans la création d'un réseau citoyen d'observation        

    Quatre pays de la région Pacifique sont concernés : Vanuatu, Nouvelle-Zélande, Fidji et Nouvelle-Calédonie.

    Contexte

    Les communautés résidant sur le littoral et les îles de faible altitude sont parmi les plus vulnérables du monde face aux changements globaux. Elles disposent de peu d’outils d’information et de communication pour espérer pouvoir mobiliser les moyens nécessaires pour atténuer ces changements et s’adapter. Pour cette raison, il était urgent de développer des outils et des espaces d’échanges et de débats innovants et ainsi se​nsibiliser la communauté internationale. D’où la création du réseau citoyen baptisé E-POP.​

    E-pop, c'est quoi ?

    E-POP (Petites Ondes Participatives) vise à faire connaître les initiatives citoyennes en matière d’adaptation et de résilience des populations insulaires en valorisant les savoirs locaux mais également à partager les résultats de recherche scientifique.
     
    Il permet de promouvoir la diffusion d'une information collaborative, accessible et de qualité, à partir d'observations réalisées par de jeunes observateurs.
    En effet, dans chacun de ces pays, des clubs de jeunes observateurs réalisent des capsules/clips vidéo à partir de tablette et/ou smartphone - diffusées sur YouTube et en télévision - sur les changements globaux et interagissent avec la communauté scientifique.
    Celle-ci, quant à elle, se met à la portée des citoyens. Ces derniers viennent naturellement nourrir les travaux des chercheurs ; il se crée alors une dynamique de partage et de valorisation des connaissances globales.

    L'IRD s'intègre dans le dispositif E-pop et obtient le soutien de l'OPT-NC

    Si recherche, formation et innovation sont les principales missions de l’Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), partager, échanger et transmettre les connaissances acquises correspondent aussi au triptyque fondateur de l’Institut.
    L’IRD Nouvelle-Calédonie est un Etablissement Public à Caractère Scientifique et Technique (EPST), dont les missions visent à contribuer au développement socio-économique, culturel et scientifique des pays où il se trouve. Pour le directeur du campus de l’IRD à Nouméa, « produire de la recherche d’excellence pour le progrès de la connaissance et en soutien aux politiques publiques, détecter de jeunes équipes partenaires, participer à leur formation et autonomisation, promouvoir l’innovation sont des missions stratégiques pour l’IRD. Pour être utiles et avoir un impact dans la société, ces missions n’atteindront leur but que si elles sont connues, communiquées, diffusées, comprises à différents niveaux. Parmi les cibles importantes pour l’Institut, il y a la société civile, les écoles, les  collèges, les lycées etc. car rappelons-le : nous sommes un service public et sommes logiquement au service du « public Â». Â». 

    L'OPT-NC soutient l'IRD et le dispositif E-POP qui s'inscrit dans une démarche à la fois environnementale et numérique.

    Visionnez la présentation du projet E-POP en Nouvelle-Calédonie.

     

    Les dates à retenir

    JUIN à Fidji :

    • 3 au 7 juin: 1 e-POPeur Fidjien suivra la mission à bord du Tara alors que, 4 e-POPeurs de Nouvelle-Calédonie, de Nouvelle-Zélande, du Vanuatu et des Iles Fidji suivront des ateliers de formation.
    • Un reportage de France 24 « The Observers » se tiendra par la même. Sa diffusion est prévue en juillet.
    • 8 juin: Journée mondiale des océans : 2 jours de conférences avec 1 atelier e-POP
    • 10 juin : 1 capsule e-POP réalisé par un Observateur de Nouvelle-Zélande à bord de Tara


    SEPTEMBRE / OCTOBRE en Nouvelle-Calédonie :

    • 15 septembre : e-POP atelier officiel de lancement / formation
    • 30 septembre au 14 octobre : escale du Tara
    • 7 au 13 octobre : réalisation de capsules E-POP et conférence publique


    NOVEMBRE en Allemagne :

    Les îles Fidji seront les organisateurs de la prochaine conférence internationale sur le climat, la COP23, mais cette dernière se tiendra exceptionnellement à Bonn. La principale raison invoquée est que ce petit l'archipel du Pacifique n'est pas en mesure d'accueillir 15 à 20 000 personnes sur un seul site et de les loger à proximité.
    Pour autant, cela reste une grande première, car aucun Etat insulaire n'a encore eu la chance de présider une telle conférence. « C'est une grande responsabilité pour un petit Etat insulaire.  [En tant que] petit Etat insulaire du Pacifique, nous avons besoin de montrer au monde les problèmes que nous traversons Â», a déclaré Frank Bainimarama, le premier ministre fidjien, au dernier jour de la COP22 à Marrakech.

    Catégorie: 
    Visuel: 

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