SBY MENYERAHKAN KALPATARU 2011        

Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menyerahkan penghargaan Kalpataru dan Adipura pada peringatan Hari Lingkungan Hidup Sedunia 2011 di Istana Negara Jakarta, Selasa (7/6).

Penghargaan yang diserahkan rutin setiap tahun itu terbagi atas empat kategori untuk Adipura yang diberikan kepada perorangan dan kelompok, serta empat kategori Adipura untuk kota metropolitan, kota besar, kota sedang, dan kota kecil.

Penghargaan juga diberikan kepada kepala daerah tingkat provinsi dan kabupaten/kota untuk penyusun Status Lingkungan Hidup Daerah (LHSD) 2012 terbaik.

Kalpataru kategori perintis lingkungan diberikan kepada Sugiarto dari Desa Cowek, Kecamatan Purwodadi, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur, Marmis Asid dari Nagari Sinurui, Kecamatan Talamau, Kabupaten Pasaman Barat, Sumatera Barat, serta Lulut Sri Yuliani dari Kelurahan Baruk, Kecamatan Rungkut, Kota Surabaya, Jawa Timur.

Kalpataru Pengabdi Lingkungan diberikan kepada Soleman Nugroho dari Desa Tematana, Kecamatan Wamena Timur, Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur, Surjadi SP dari Kelurahan Bebalang, Kecamatan Bangli, Kabupaten Bangli, Bali, serta Sudarli dari Desa Purwodadi, Kecamatan Tepus, Kabupaten Gunung Kidul, Provinsi Yogyakarta.

Kategori Penyelamat Lingkungan diberikan kepada Kelompok nelayan pesisir Karya Segara Serangan, Tukad Semanik, Desa Serangan, Kecamatan Denpasar Selatan, Kota Denpasar, Bali, Pondok Pesantren Nurul Hakim, Desa Kediri, Kecamatan Kediri, Kabupaten Lombok Barat, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat, dan Yayasan Pelopor Sehati dari Desa Padang Mutung, Kecamatan Kampar, Kabupaten Kampar, Provinsi Riau.

Sedangkan kategori pembina lingkungan diberikan kepada Aang Hamidi Suganda dari Kabupaten Kuningan, Jawa Barat dan Krido Suprayitno dari Kabupaten Sleman, Provinsi Yogyakarta.

Penghargaan Adipura kategori Kota Metropolitan diberikan untuk Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur, yang diterima oleh Walikota Surabaya dan Kota Palembang, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan, yang diterima oleh Walikota Palembang.

Adipura untuk kota besar diberikan untuk Kota Yogyakarta, Provinsi DI Yogyakarta, yang diterima oleh Walikota Yogyakarta dan Kota Pekanbaru, Provinsi Riau, yang diterima oleh Walikota Pekanbaru.

Sedangkan Adipura kategori kota sedang diberikan kepada 32 kota antara lain Kota Jepara, Kabupaten Jepara, Provinsi Jawa Tengah, Kota Pare Pare, Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, Kota Kendari, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara, Kota Gresik, Provinsi Jawa Timur, Kota Probolinggo, Provinsi Jawa Timur.

Adipura kategori kota kecil diberikan kepada 42 kota antara lain Kota Pangkajene, Kabupaten Pangkep, Sulawesi Selatan, Kota Pangkalan Bun, Kabupaten Kotawaringin Barat, Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah, Kota Pati, Kabupaten Pati, Provinsi Jawa Tengah, Kota Mojosari, Kabupaten Mojokerto, Provinsi Jawa Timur dan Kota Kolaka, Kabupaten Kolaka, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.

Untuk penghargaan Adiwiyata Mandiri diberikan kepada 21 sekolah yang tersebar di Indonesia, di antaranya SDN P 12 Benhil, Bendungan Hilir, Jakarta Pusat, SMPN 1 Merakurak Tuban, Jawa Timur, dan SMAN 1 Bandar Bener Meuriah, Provinsi Aceh.

Sedangkan penyusun Status Lingkungan Hidup Daerah (SLHD) 2010 terbaik diberikan kepada Provinsi Sumatera Barat diterima oleh Gubernur Sumatera Barat, Provinsi DKI Jakarta diterima oleh Gubernur DKI Jakarta, Provinsi Jawa Timur diterima oleh Gubernur Jawa Timur, Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan, Provinsi Sumatera Barat diterima oleh Bupati Pesisir Selatan, Kota Padang, Provinsi Sumatera Barat diterima oleh Walikota Padang, dan Kota Tangerang, Provinsi Banten diterima oleh Walikota Tangerang. (*/abi)
          Global Voices: Innovative solutions to global refugee crisis        
Prospects seem grim for the world’s 22 million refugees. The United States and Europe are slamming doors. Kenya is forcing Somalis in Dadaab, the world’s largest refugee camp, to go home — even if it’s not safe to return. Uganda […]
          Listless Stars Stuck in World Cup Malaise        
The word that kept coming to my mind as I watched the Black Stars play out a 1-1 draw against the Cranes of Uganda on Saturday was ‘listless’. They lacked desire and could not summon the energies needed to defeat an opponent that doesn’t match up talent wise. This game reminded me of our 2010 […]
          East Uganda — Mbale, Uganda        
Et si on partait... en Afrique
          Bidonvilles de Kampala — Kampala, Uganda        
Et si on partait... en Afrique
          [news/commentary] Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs - Part I        
Thursday, September 16, 2004
Dateline: China
 
New column on the AlwaysOn Network.  It's on the potential downside of offshoring (the downside for the States, that is).  For the next five days, see http://www.alwayson-network.com ; the permanent link is at http://tinyurl.com/4e4q4 .  It got the ire of a lot of readers and a lot of views (I'm projecting nearly 500 in less than one day).  The article which was the basis for my column is getting a lot of attention in the States.  Worth reading.
 
Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs -- Part I
 
First, a bit of commentary.  One thing all smart SIs (systems integrators) do is develop partnerships and alliances with ISVs (independent software vendors, i.e., software publishers/software companies in a broad sense).  Of course, it's difficult to be the 1,000th entrant in the game and expect to get any traction/assistance from your ISV partner.
 
SIs in China ALWAYS use the approach of offering localization services and OFTEN offer to help push an ISV's product within the domestic market in China.  Frankly, this is what the (usually American) ISV wants, too.  Does this strategy work?  Well, sometimes.  However, even in the case of high profile alliances such as some of those Microsoft has in China (and I won't name names to protect the innocent), it's really nothing more than window dressing.  Everything looks good on paper, but the reality is something quite different.
 
Regardless, this does NOT address the need and desire for SIs in China to build their market in the States.  And when this issue becomes center stage, ISVs frequently respond with something bordering on contempt.  Some ISVs are getting clued that their American channel partners absolutely need partners in China and other low(er)-cost development areas in order to win bids.  Let's face it, it's all about closing deals.  And if an ISV's competitors have channel partners which can put together winning bids, perhaps in part (and perhaps in LARGE part) due to an offshoring component with their channel partner's SI partner(s) in China, then the ISV with an indirect link to China has a competitive advantage.  I don't view this as a sufficient condition to winning bids, but it's increasingly a necessary condition.
 
Clued ISVs want their American channel partners to have an offshoring option, but this requires that their channel partners have relationships with SIs in a country such as China.  But ISVs tend to focus their channel development efforts on their American partners and might develop a couple/few relationships in China, but usually NOT tied to their channel development efforts in the States.  Goofy and shortsighted, to say the least.
 
But how can SIs in China get traction with American ISVs, especially since they're almost always late to the game (in other words, the American ISV already has a well-developed channel)?  The answer (or, at least one answer):  Focus on servicing the needs of SMEs (small and medium enterprises, which is also referred to as "SMBs" -- small and medium businesses).
 
There's another reason this makes sense:  Most of the SIs in China are already focused on servicing SMEs/SMBs in China.  It might be nice to bag a large SOE (state-owned enterprise), but the reality is that most firms in China, especially the burgeoning number of privately-held firms, are SMEs by definition.  Hence, the experiences gained by SIs in China is already within the same market, although I'd be the first person to warn than company size and even similar domains does not necessarily equate to directly transferable skills.  Fact is, things in China are often quite different from the way they are in the States, especially in a "hot" ITO (IT outsourcing) market like financial services.  More about this in a forthcoming postingBottom line:  Give serious thought to targeting the SMB/SME market in the States.  (Part II of this commentary might be a while in coming.)
 
IT Tidbits
 
Lots of tidbits this week.
 
Controlling project costs.  My favorites:  Scope creep, not understanding project financing, "big-bang" projects, overtesting (although I'm not sure I agree with this one), poor estimating.  Good stuff, with recommended solutions.  See http://tinyurl.com/6rfkg .
 
Challenges for China's SIs.  Adapted from a Forrester report.   For starters, how about:  Improving account management (are there really any account managers in China, or at least any who can manage accounts with U.S. clients?   ), moving away from technology-centric messages that often alienate business buyers (better yet, moving away from messages in Chinglish), investing in vertical-specific skills (how many times have I said this?) and becoming more multicultural organizations (yes, and let's start with learning English!).  See http://tinyurl.com/4avfo .
 
"Yee Haw" as an outsourcing option.  Forget India.  Forget China.  Forget the Philippines.  Let's go to Arkansas!!  See http://tinyurl.com/7ya9p .
 
American start-ups go offshore.  Try Corio (is Corio really a start-up?), CollabNet, Aarohl, Infinera, and many others.  See http://tinyurl.com/3wm3o .  Another good article with a BPO spin in Venture Capital Journal, http://tinyurl.com/4rfsa .
 
Offshorings mixed results.  "Vietnam and Myanmar were also in demand ..."  Really?  See http://tinyurl.com/647ap .
 
Looking for SI partners?  Kennedy ranks the largest firms.  As I've said in the past, I like their reports.  (No, I don't get a cut.)  Satyam and TCS didn't make the grade, though.  See http://tinyurl.com/4s965 .
 
Another challenge to conventional outsourcing and offshoring "wisdom."   "Services-driven development models, such as the one at work in India, broaden the global competitive playing field.  As a result, new pressures are brought to bear on hiring and real wages in the developed world - pressures that are not inconsequential in shaping the jobless recoveries unfolding in high-cost wealthy nations.  For those in the developed world, successful services- and manufacturing-based development models in heavily populated countries such as India and China - pose the toughest question of all: what about us?"  For more, see http://tinyurl.com/4acm4 .
 
Forget the Golden Triangle.  How about China + India vs. the world (or, sans the world)?  "Newspaper headlines portray China as the world's manufacturing base for low-cost goods, like clothing and shoes, and India as the global IT monopoly-to-be.  Unfortunately, media outside Asia have failed to acknowledge the growing partnership between the two giants."  "Given the complementary nature of their economies and the size of their markets (nearly 2.2 billion people in total), the nascent cooperation between the two holds the potential to dramatically alter the world trade balance.  A perusal of the Shanghai technology corridor reveals a hint of the countries' industrial interconnectedness.  Walk through one of the main complexes in Shanghai's Pudong Software Park, and you will see a prominently displayed sign for Infosys, one of India's most respected IT firms.  The same complex also holds Satyam, the first of India's software service companies to set up offices in Shanghai.  Nearby are the headquarters of the largest software services company in Asia, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), which currently runs an outsourcing center for GE in the town of Hangzhou.  TCS is owned by the Tatas, one of India's most prominent business families.  Across the river is NIIT, the principal software training center in India's private sector.  NIIT, operating in China since 1998, now runs an extensive two-year course in 25 provinces, training around 20,000 students to be software professionals.  There is widespread speculation that Wipro, India's only giant IT firm without a presence in the city, will establish a Shanghai office very soon.  It is no surprise that Indian software companies are setting up in China. They, like everyone else, sense great opportunity in one of the largest, fastest-growing economies in the world."  (Bold is my emphasis.)  All true, and they even forget MphasiS.  See one of my must-read sources, YaleGlobalhttp://tinyurl.com/6ltaz .
 
The partnering wave of the future.  I've talked about this many times in previous postings.  This time CTG dances with Polaris Software.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tbqd .
 
CMMi:  The key to success.  A little simplistic and uses incorrect definitions, but still worth reading.  See http://tinyurl.com/4gp9u .
 
 
 
 
 
How about Microsoft vs. China in an AO "Grudge Match"?  See a lengthy article in CFO titled, "Does Microsoft need China?"; link at http://tinyurl.com/476bo .  China: The champion of open source!!
 
 
Business creativity 101.  "A new book from Wharton School Publishing, The Power of Impossible Thinking by Jerry Wind and Colin Crook prompts you to rethink your mental models and transform them to help you achieve new levels of creativity. In this book, the authors give a set of guidelines on how to see differently."  Examples:  Listen to the radicals; embark on journeys of discovery; look across disciplines.  See http://tinyurl.com/6fvo8 .
 
The innovator's battle plan.  "Great firms can be undone by disruptors who analyze and exploit an incumbent's strengths and motivations.  From Clayton Christensen's new book Seeing What's Next."  GREAT stuff (although John Dvorak won't like it).  What about asymmetric warfare theories applied to the realm of corporate innovation and creativity?  Just a thought ...  See http://tinyurl.com/6mbcy .
 
Your next competitors?  Have you thought about Senegal, Uganda, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, especially in the BPO space?  See http://tinyurl.com/5h93z .
 
Message to product companies: go sell services!!  Interesting take from a VMI perspective.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tqrt .
 
Don't know much about bloggin'?  Good take on the various types of corporate blogs.  See http://tinyurl.com/6my29 .
 
Urls as web services?  You have to read it to get it.  Might be a bit too much for the uninitiated ...  See http://tinyurl.com/563gm .
 
Joel is back and blogging!!  Joel takes on Jakob Nielsen in "it's not just usability."  See http://tinyurl.com/6msmm .
 
How about open source software for HPC?  See http://tinyurl.com/5qzleWARNING: Geek alert, geek alert!!
 
Saving the best for last: a piece on Woz.  See http://tinyurl.com/4szjf .
 
TTFN.  Expect a urls update before I go back to the States.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
http://tinyurl.com/2azkh (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW)
http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
 
 
To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

          Award Spurs Debate in 'Desert of Silence' in Muslim World        

This article originally appeared in the Huffington Post, where you can visit for the original piece by clicking here or on the title

Award Spurs Debate in 'Desert of Silence' in Muslim World


LISBON -- There was something truly captivating about sitting in the Castle of São Jorge in Lisbon, Portugal, waiting for the announcement of the 2013 winners of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Overlooking the cityscape, the citadel is home to both the Christian and Muslim history of the Iberian peninsula, a fitting setting for an event looking to promote common linkages across geographic divides. Held every three years, the Award looks to promote conversation around the themes of development and the built environment in the Muslim world and beyond. Once again, the gathering -- hosted by the President of Portugal and the Aga Khan -- brought together an eclectic array of participants from representatives from around the world, ranging from ministers and diplomats to religious figures (including from the Vatican), to architects and builders, to thinkers and writers.
The Award recipients were equally diverse, with five projects celebrated in this cycle (bringing the number of winners in the history of the Award to 110). They included: the Salam Center for Cardiac Surgery in Sudan; the revitalization of Birzeit in Palestine; the Rabat-Salé Bridge in Morocco; the rehabilitation of the Tabriz Bazaar in Iran; and an Islamic cemetery in Austria (the latter perhaps the most intriguing project). While the initiative represents the largest, in terms of monetary value, architecture award in the world, its objective goes beyond aesthetic design, seeking to identify projects that are on the frontier of sustainable development (in all senses of the term) and that are locally attuned. Yet what was clear this year was the juxtaposition of the contemplative conversation in Lisbon and the "desert of silence "that still characterizes much of the Muslim world, outside specialized or academic circles, on these very themes. And this is the challenge for the Award, and similar such platforms -- to not just hold the conversation but to widen the debate to engage with the multitude of forces shaping and influencing the broader Muslim world (and beyond).
Founded in 1977, the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is part of the wider set of initiatives of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), which mobilizes annually over $600 million to support development activities throughout the 30 countries in which it works. The Award shares the holistic approach of the AKDN towards development, whereby local participation, alignment, and empowerment are critical to the viability and impact of any activity. Held every three years, 2013 represented the 13th cycle of the awards. Governed by a nine-person Steering Committee that includes some of the top minds in the field, such as Norman Foster and Glenn Lowry (from the Museum of Modern Art), the Award appoints a new Master Jury for each cycle; this year's Jury, for example, includedMahmoud Mamdani of Uganda and Wang Shu of China.
One of the central purposes of the Award, according to its founder, the Aga Khan, and voiced during this years ceremony was to replace the "vast desert [of] silence [that] had set in" in the Muslim world with lively debate, around the issues of development, architecture, and the built environment. Certainly, this would be no easy challenge. Over the last three decades, the Award has highlighted a number of worthy projects, recognized and encouraged leading architects and builders, and promoted education with the principles of the Award in mind. Yet, it has not been enough to fill the silence. Instead, at the frontier of the built environment in Muslim communities, and places like the Arab world, this silence has been filled by what appears too often like cacophonous chaos. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the holy city of Mecca, where a giant clock tower and monstrous skyscrapers not only cast a shadow over Islam's holiest mosque, the Kaaba, but are systematically destroying the city's historic heritage while contributing very little to community needs, besides increases in property values.
This is emblematic of the challenge of the Award, in particular, but also of other similar initiatives seeking to influence trends in the broader Muslim world, where it is not contemplative conversation that drives change but rather copious (often misallocated) capital that determines development patterns instead. How can you not just fill that vast desert of silence but also ensure that it is not the loudest voices that win the debate?
Given the ongoing shifts throughout the developing world, such as the move from rural to urban environments, political transition, and economic modernization, more engagement will be needed on a number of critical issues, especially the built environment and how it promotes sustainable development. Hopefully the conversations, such as those in Lisbon, begin to move beyond the classroom and into the mainstream.
Photo credit: AKDN

          On Identity & Post-Identity: Reflections of a Brown Man (Part 1)...        
This post comprises a set of reflections peppered with professional musings about geopolitics and the world around us. 


There's probably an entire television series I could write simply based on 'interactions' that I've had at the airport. Whether it's been in Central Asia, the Sub-continent, the Middle East, Europe or of course, North America, I've never felt more brown than when I've walked into an airport. It's as if I spend a few extra hours in the sun on the days I travel. I'm crispy and a shade darker. Every Muslim - or Muslimish - male likely has a special razor he uses for long-haul flights, lest his 5 o'clock shadow becomes a security-risk mid-flight.

Brownness it seems is an odd curse in our world. There are entire industries dedicated to de-browning people. Literally. The leading products are those from our friends at Fair & Lovely, who politely inform us that our skin could get in the way of a dream job. There are also more 'intimate' concerns as well (for down there that is). Estimates are that the global skin whitening market reaches upwards of $18 billion in just Asia alone. Yet, it's not just an Asian (West or South) trend, our darker shaded brethren also partake in the habit. The Economist reported that a whopping 77% of Nigerian women use some form of skin-lightening product. And why not - from your personal life to your professional life, there are countless studies that shows being a little lighter and whiter can make your days brighter. In Mexico, it appears that dark skin can limit your socio-economic status. Nevertheless, who wants to live a life not comfortable in your own skin?

I think I've always been comfortable with 'brown' even if others have always been ambivalent about the term (and my own level of comfort with it). UPS' branded slogan, "What can brown do for you" was my slogan when I ran for student government at the Kennedy School of Government (n.b. never run for government at a school of government). This was to the chagrin of some of my latino-associated 'browns'. You see, 'brown' is an amorphous word that can encompass a range of individuals from across the religious, ethnic, and racial spectrum. Hispanic. Latino. Indian. Pakistani. Middle Eastern (Arab to Persian). Even Black. From there. Originally from there. Kind of from there. It's a catch-all term that belies ascription or description. It is a self-definition. There is much more of a tendency of society, Eastern & Western, global and local, to avoid the obvious or conversely assume while oblivious. It is why, the term Black when entering into popular consciousness is still uncomfortable in contemporary American society, even though many feel that it is the term that refers most closely to their being.

Our mass media culture is much more comfortable failing to acknowledge difference or accentuating it without understanding it. President Barack Obama is an African-American - even though he is half-white, raised by White grandparents in White America. Everything else is too complicated. The world looks for static and stereotyped identities when the truth is our own sense of self is much more fluid and dynamic. 'Brown' is at once simple and sophomoric while at the same time nebulous and nuanced. I've found that whether you like it or not, others will seek to define you along the lines they would like you to fit within - it's your choice, however, to live inside or outside those lines.

Growing up in the West, you are automatically attuned to your racial identity. In Canada you are a jigsaw piece to a mosaic multicultural puzzle. What exotic element do you represent? In Vancouver over 50% of respondents identify themselves as non-white. There, 'brown' is part of the visible majority (visible in being dark I guess) rather than a visible minority. In the U.S. you are expected to blend into some type of melting pot. There, across the nation, over half of children born in the country are born to ethnic and visible minorities.

Some people run from their background. It's an immigrant story not just specific to the brown-folk. Afshin turns into Sean, Mohammed into Mo, and the list goes on. That well integrated Muslim may be shaving, but he mysteriously disappears around prayer time on Fridays. I once had a friend who thought that 'Mosque' was the name of some club I went to every week. True story (actually true). One of the key things is to not speak like your parents, depending, of course, on how your parents speak. In my case, at 12, I still had trouble pronouncing the letter 'V'. For whatever reason, I would also mix up my 'Vs' and 'Ws' - being from West Vancouver, it was a bit of a problem.

Yet, as much as there are people trying to wash the brown away, there are others who soak in it. They bask in the familiarity of their likeness. Other brown-folk get the jokes. The inside jokes. About why the house may smell like curry spices. That at least one relative is an illegal immigrant. That you don't understand why white people can't dance (although your Bollywood numbers would cause you to question your own moves).

And all the while, whatever the second-generation immigrant choice, the society around you has already made its own decisions. For the former group, one day they'll walk into a room and realize: we're brown. It may be that your true name will be discovered. Once, when I came to my grade 7 science class, my teacher excitedly looked at me claiming he had seen my namesake in the movies over the weekend. He had just watched the Lion King and pointed at me saying 'Rafiki'. The fact that I actually do have East African roots, and relatives who live in Kenya was not known to him; he was just amused by the exoticism of the phonetic connection. It happens to the best of those hiding in plain sight, when they are asked to speak for a 'group'. You can run all you want but you are always an outsider to some people. After 9/11 all types of brown people who had never even contemplated their brownness were swept up - literally and figuratively - in the hysteria.

Yet, even the latter group, that seeks to withdraw into a bubbled existence of sameness, realizes the folly of that path. Going back to Mumbai. Or Baghdad. Or Cairo. Or Karachi. It's much more going until returning than going back. The first thing that normally happens is your language is bit off. That Hindi isn't really that good. You never quite mastered how to read Arabic. And there's that aunt who's kind of laughing at the fact that you aren't really brown anymore but white. What? Exactly.

Neither here nor there is the place of the East-West hybridity that is many of us today. You can be confused. And the world around you will be confused. Living in Dubai and working in the wider Middle East (another strange term of history) has only heightened the absurdity of dissonance for me. While in the West, your compatriots may give you the colour-blind benefit of the doubt, there ain't no leniency back East. The moment I get into a cab, the fellow brown driver (Nepali, Indian or Pakistani) tries to make the 'original' connection. But it's worse with your socio-economic classmates. With the cavalry of cacophonous colours collecting in the city, disaggregating the rainbow appears to be priority number one. There is no priority for understanding complex identities. As if you could wash the colour away with one generation (even if that was not what you were trying to do)? In Canada or the U.S., I'm a hyphenated identity or a misunderstood one, but in Dubai, I'm - Indian or Pakistani. Is it worth it to confuse people? To tell them your father is from Uganda - ah but he's not Black! Or that you are born in Canada - but you're not White! Or that you feel connection to India as much as Pakistan - but you're Muslim!

Being 'brown' really is a euphemism for what is really our ability to define our own identity. I'm Brown not Indian or Ugandan or Pakistani or Muslim or Eastern or Western. There's more to that identity than just pronouns and assumptions. And while people may feel it's inventive or counter-cultural, is it more so than the modern form of nationality? Until 1945, there was no such thing as the United Nations and most the developing world was the 'third world' under colonial rule. India and Pakistan didn't exist when my father's family immigrated in the late 1800s and early 1900s to East Africa - it was British India. Canada itself only became a country in 1867. There's a myth that migration is new and borders old. It's the other way around.

So then, what is my identity? How can you embrace a multitude of discrete faces without becoming unrecognizable? And can society and the world accept what confounds conventions?

These are some of the questions that I'll address in subsequent posts in the coming days. Yet, one thing I'll say:

Each of us has a multitude of identities we are always balancing that weave together to form our individual tapestries. We are a blend of ethnicity and language, religion and philosophy. Our parents and grandparents often have varying geographical roots and in our lives so far we've traversed many more. Where we settle isn't always where we started. For me, finding how this comes together becomes important for understanding my own individiual path. Yet, for society, and especially transitional societies, understanding this complexity of identity becomes formative in building stable nations in the 21st century.








          Nigeria, Egypt top list for intenet penetration in Africa        

Top 10 African countries with highest intenet penetration (2012) Nigeria Egypt South Africa Morocco Kenya Sudan Tanzania Algeria Uganda Tunisia Source: African Development Bank  

The post Nigeria, Egypt top list for intenet penetration in Africa appeared first on Annansi.com.


          TerraPay launches international mobile money transfers to Uganda        
TerraPay, mobile payments
Mobile payments switch, TerraPay has announced the launch of international mobile money transfers to Uganda. Terrapay received approval from Bank of Uganda to facilitate International money transfers to mobile wallets in the country. This allows TerraPay's network partners across the world to send money directly to mobile wallets in Uganda. Earlier, TerraPay had also received [&hellip
          Drought in Uganda-Planting Hope        

For many countries around the world in which the backbone of the economy is subsistence farming and agriculture, an event like a drought does not simply create a delay in yielding a certain harvest. It can have widespread impact and rippling effects throughout the country, including the cost and accessibility of food, the survival of

The post Drought in Uganda-Planting Hope appeared first on Children's HopeChest.


          World: FPMA Bulletin #7, 10 August 2017        
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Peru, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia

Key messages

  • International prices of wheat rose further in July on quality concerns, particularly for higher protein wheat, although upward pressure was limited by prospects of ample global supplies. Export prices of maize remained generally unchanged, while a slowdown in demand capped gains in rice quotations.
  • In East Africa, prices of cereals in most countries declined signi cantly for the second consecutive month in July with the new harvests, but remained generally higher than a year earlier. However, in Ethiopia, prices of maize surged further and reached record levels, underpinned by uncertain prospects for the 2017 crops.
  • In the CIS, prices of staple potatoes declined sharply from the record or near-record highs of June in most countries of the subregion with the beginning of the new harvest. Prices, however, remained higher than in July last year after the sharp increases of the past months.

          World: Food Assistance Outlook Brief, August 2017        
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion.


          Kenya: UNICEF Kenya Humanitarian Situation Report 4 August 2017        
Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Kenya, Somalia, Uganda

Highlights

  • The preliminary results of the Long Rains Assessment (LRA) released by the Government of Kenya on 28 July reported that 3.4 million people are food insecure and in need of assistance. This is the highest number of people reported to be in crisis since the same time in 2011, when the number in need was estimated to be 3.7 million.

  • Thirteen of the seventeen nutrition surveys undertaken during the Long Rains Assessment recorded Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) above 15%, with four of these above 30%. There are now nine counties in the country reporting over 15% GAM compared to five in February 2017.

  • Between 1 January and 30 June this year, 41,233 SAM and 79,097 MAM children under 5 years of age received treatment accounting for 52% and 41% of the sectors’ 2017 targets respectively.

  • The ongoing nurses’ strike has continued to impact the health and nutrition sector which is coupled by a national cholera outbreak that is currently active in 8 counties.

  • Five water points were rehabilitated in Marsabit County with UNICEF support over the past two weeks, reaching 5,740 people with safe water.

  • UNICEF Kenya’s humanitarian requirements for 2017 remain underfunded with a funding gap of 44 per cent. Without additional funding, UNICEF will be unable to mitigate risks of a worsening drought situation for children.


          Young African Immigrant Earns Three Texas A&M University Degrees And Is Ivy League-Bound        

The Spirit of Aggieland is prevalent in College Station, but back in 2001 it took an ocean-sized leap, travelling nearly 8,500 miles to Kampala, Uganda, and entered the dreams of a future Texas A&M University graduate named Mark Musumba. Today, Musumba, 32, graduated from Texas A&M with his third degree, a Ph.D. in agricultural economics, and has begun a new chapter in his life as a post-doctoral researcher at Columbia University.

(PRWeb August 10, 2012)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/8/prweb9790098.htm


          Bronwyn Fielding: Australian mum's body stranded in Ugandan morgue, family reveals poison fears        
The body of Australian woman Bronwyn Fielding has been lying in a Ugandan mortuary for five weeks. Her family wants to bring her home and they want to know why the mother-of-three feared she was being poisoned in the run-up to her death.
          Maddow Interviews Uganda Bill Author        
Rachel Maddow interviewed David Bahati, the Ugandan parliament member who authored the pending bill that would impose the death penalty on gay people. Advocate.com: Daily News
          Gender in the media – May 2017        

The media review presents every month a selection of articles from different media sources on “gender and development” issues. the list of articles is regularly updated during the current month. May       1-7 May Teaching Ugandan Girls to Code to Keep them in School (News Deeply) New answers to the gender bias challenge in the […]


          CSW side event on Measuring legal frameworks: a message from the Minister for Gender of Uganda        

Monitoring legal frameworks that address non-discrimination on the basis of sex SDG indicator 5.1.1: Whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor equality and non-discrimination on the basis of sex A side-event to the 61st Session of the Commission on the Status of Women organised jointly by the OECD Development Centre, […]


          TIA - Africa at its best        

TIA! This Is Africa! Usually you get a beautiful smile on top and you are able to nothing else than smile. So forget about the annoyance that bubbles up as the truck again falls silent, the showers are cold, the grass of the 'bush toilets' is not high enough and every passing car honks, the 'african massage' roads and the associated turbulence .. . The first words you learn in Swahili are also matata (no problem) and pole pole (slowly) and they are not ashamed, on the contrary ... TIA is something they are proud of.

A chance meeting, a twist of fate or predestination? 12 white people on a stark white truck constantly being addressed or earlier angeroepen by locals with the words "Mzungu (white man) how are you?" Mzungu This truck is on its way to the chimpanzees in Uganda (pearl of Africa) and the gorillas in Rwanda (the land of 1000 hills) with Nairobi as a starting point (with the nickname Nai-robbery).

Car hire Nairobi Kenya

Rwanda gorilla trekking

Uganda gorilla trekking

It is impossible to enumerate everything and what I opsom is impossible to perfectly articulate what it actually was. But anyway here some impressions ...
The gorillas visit was of course a unique experience. After getting a briefing on the behavior of the gorillas, like who the dominant silverback and the importance of preserving the 7 meters between the gorilla and get yourself assigned everyone a family. The Amahoro our being, which means peace. The chance to see gorillas is virtually 100%, since trackers morning to look for the different families. After 2 hours of hiking through the rainforest, we were by the king-kong-on-the-chest-pounding sound welcomed. Then the my gorilla safari the silverback came closer to see who these monkeys were shaved. It is clearly stated that at the briefing as a gorilla gets closer, you must remain calm and certainly should not cry or run away. In theory this all sounds good ... but in reality it is something else. We were 1 hour at the family stay, after which we began the descent back to a sense of euphoria and a fantastic story.

Who says Rwanda, says (unfortunately) the Rwandan genocide in a rwanda safari. This is a very emotional experience because everything is gedocumeteerd photos and images. Disbelief that this happened so recently and the name Belgium is also several times in the museum. Then we drove to the Hotel Milles Collines (also known as Hotel Rwanda). In Uganda is the source of the Nile (where some of the ashes of Gandhi were scattered) and is also a great place for rafting. The day ended with a delicious barbecue, fresh Nile pint, burnt thighs, bruises on my wrists and an incredibly happy feeling.
In short, the first 16 days of my overland trip through were incredibly interesting people on the truck, the beautiful landscape, the trips and of course the heartwarming Africans ...


          What Jason Russell Did not Tell the world        

Kony 2012 is an awareness aid not aimed at painting Uganda black but to sensitize for the capture of Joseph Kony. This is made clear by the co producer of Invisible Children Jason Russell when he adds to his film ‘KONY 2012 is a film and campaign by Invisible Children that aims to make Joseph Kony famous, not to celebrate him, but to raise support for his arrest and set a precedent for international justice.

He further goes on and says, “If I’d ask you, who is Joseph Kony, you wouldn’t know. You should. And that’s why I’m going to tell you about him.”

Fine, Some Ugandans are happy that such a campaign is going on and this will increase chances for Kony’s arrest. However we would have been happier if the produce had done a bit more research and reported the right information to avoid misinforming his audience.

Firstly, the film falls short of giving the right geographical sense of where Uganda is. In the film, the narrator claims that Uganda is located in Central Africa. This is a very awful precedent that does not help a case for Uganda. Mindful of the fact that many people in Europe and America do not even know where Uganda is, the producer of the film should have considered and addressed this fact by providing the actual facts about Uganda. Uganda is found in East Africa and never has it ever been part of Central Africa.

Another thing that Jason did not tell the world was that, Uganda is at peace and not a war zone, and that Joseph Kony was defeated by the Uganda People’s Defence Force in mid 2006. Six year back, Kony ran to the Central African Bushes and the Uganda Peoples Defence Force together with the Uganda Government took it upon them to help the people of Central Africa to fight him.

Another fact is that even when Kony was still fighting in Northern Uganda, all other parts of the country where safe and all businesses carried on as the Government and other International bodies tried to restore peace in Northern Uganda.

We therefore urge the friends of Uganda to continue visiting our Beautiful country and appreciating nature as Kony gets sorted out in neighboring Central Africa.

For visiting uganda we offer unbeatable gorilla trekking trips to the Bwindi national park.Other great national parks include Queen Elizabeth national park , Kidepo national park , Kibale national park and many more.

For kenya car hire services contact the sales team in Kenya for more details, corollary for uganda you may contact for Entebbe car rentals


          Way of Life of the Mountain gorilla Africa        

Mountain Gorillas are more like humans even when it comes to grooming. As a matter of fact, it’s what they do all day long. They clean each others hair, remove lice and other small insects stuck with in.
The female gorilla is the most hardworking as it grooms its offspring’s and the silver back which is the male gorilla.
The silver back is the only one that does not groom others. It’s the most superior of all the gorillas in its family and often fights to protect them. The easiest way to identify one is that it has a silver lining in the back differentiated from the other’s which have no silver lining at all.
Even though gorillas are strong and have big bodies, they tend to stay out of trouble and often will make a lot of noise when disturbed instead of getting aggressive.All this can be discovered in any of our gorilla tours to bwindi national park
African Secrets limited is a registered safari company which is a member of AUTO and widely recognized and appreciated. We have pioneered in offering the best gorilla safaris in east Africa and surrounding countries. Our mission is to help you have a magical gorilla trekking that you will not be offered by any other tour company. Interact with us for any tour packages that you are interested in and we shall not hesitate to get back to you. Gorillas are shy and quiet. They communicate to each other by hooting, growling, chest beating, sticking out their tongue and so much more actions.

This communication is used to teach the young survival skills like how to hunt for food and get along with other gorillas in the jungle.
When gorillas retire for the night, they make nests made out of leaves and other plant materials. It is for that reason that when researchers are estimating a gorilla population, they do it by counting the nests.

At African Secrets, Our passion driven tour consultants are there for you from the planning stages of your fascinating gorilla tour until your departure. We’ll meet you at the airport help you check in to your hotel, and give you an expert introduction to the impenetrable gorilla park. While there, we ensure that you see more than you expected with the safety of our guides and porters and will be satisfied.

gorilla safari
gorilla safaris
Uganda gorilla safaris


          Uganda trips , a destination to Recon with..        

Shortly after we arrived in Uganda in 2005, was the Bellamy family who first ventured an attempt to look for us in Africa. Now, six years later, they once again that our stay in Uganda to visit a close.

This time we take them to a relatively unknown territory: the land of the Karamojong. Through Murchison Falls National Park - with a delicious Wine & Cheese Sunset Cruise on the Nile and overnight at the luxurious Chobe Safari Lodge - drive to Kitgum. This is the last stop for one of the most remote but most beautiful parks in Africa: Kidepo Valley National Park .
The extreme rainfall of the past month, especially the roads in the north very badly affected. Trucks that get stuck and block the passage, spontaneous and rivers are not uncommon. Also in the park, the trails passable poorly or completely flooded, causing sliding and dancing sometimes we try to follow the path. And the long grass on either side also makes the vision did not improve.More information on Murchison falls national park.

Nevertheless, the breathtaking scenery and we know a great game drive. Even the swollen river Narus does not stop us, though we forced our way on a different route because the water level has risen by now so that we do not would keep feet dry. More information on Queen Elizabeth national park.

By Lira, we continue our journey south to Sipi Falls, we come out. The otherwise rather narrow waterfall is now twice as wide and with a tremendous force of the water thunders down between the rocks. From Lacam Lodge in the afternoon we walk to the other two Sipi Falls, where we have small houses, many children and lush fields pass by in the background the always stunning views across the valley Karamojong.

Uganda gorilla safari

Mountain gorilla safari packages

Gorilla safari packages

East African Safari


          Safari tours in Uganda at its best !!        

Welcome to Uganda the nation which has so a great deal to present that you can challenging feel of in the dream. It is surprisingly gorgeous gifted with scintillating splendor of nature, contemporary and magnificent sights, enigmatic sightseeing spots, wealthy culture and traditions, throbbing nightlife and a great deal far more. Uganda is a sheer wonderment and is certain to make your holiday an encounter that one will really like to treasure and cherish for a lengthy time.

Uganda tour packages offer superb chance to see and discover some of the enchanting tourism attractions that by no means fails to impress the heart of the tourists and nature lovers. Some of the tourist points of interest which are worth to pay a look at to and discover are detailed beneath:

Bujagali Falls
Bujagali Falls is a spectacular series of rapids than a waterfall. They lie close to the Source of the Nile and are about 2 hours driving east of Kampala near the town of Jinja.

The Equator Line
The Equator line is an imaginary line on the Earth's surface. In Uganda, it's located in the district of Masaka. It is a great spot, the draws countless tourists to Uganda to get a glimpse of the mark that divides up the earth in its half. It a place worth visiting and many opt to take photographs at the spot.

Ssese Islands
If you are the kind who prefers to have a quiet and peaceful vacation away from the bustle of cities then Ssese islands is your destination. You get to relax and lie at the beach and have a stress free vacation far away from the every day world.

Lake Mburo National Park
This park is popular for its richness in biodiversity mainly known for antelopes like the Impala from which Kampala the capital city was named. A boat trip on Lake Mburo from which the park gets its name greatly rewards you with a view of birds and wildlife.

Bwindi national park
The Bwindi impenetrable forest is home to Uganda's Mountain gorillas. The endangered specis of Gorillas are available for tracking in the wild , a gorilla trekking permit can be acquired at 500 USD per permit.

Visiting Uganda can give your African vacation an extra-special memory. Exploring and discovering the best side of this pearl of Africa, may be what your lifestyle needs. So you have never visited Uganda or you are in Uganda but have never traveled to know what Uganda is all about as far as Uganda safari attractions is concerned, it is time to do so.

gorilla tours in Uganda

Uganda gorilla trekking

tracking mountain gorillas

gorilla safari tours


          Safari tours in Uganda at its best !!        

Welcome to Uganda the nation which has so a great deal to present that you can challenging feel of in the dream. It is surprisingly gorgeous gifted with scintillating splendor of nature, contemporary and magnificent sights, enigmatic sightseeing spots, wealthy culture and traditions, throbbing nightlife and a great deal far more. Uganda is a sheer wonderment and is certain to make your holiday an encounter that one will really like to treasure and cherish for a lengthy time.

Uganda tour packages offer superb chance to see and discover some of the enchanting tourism attractions that by no means fails to impress the heart of the tourists and nature lovers. Some of the tourist points of interest which are worth to pay a look at to and discover are detailed beneath:

Bujagali Falls
Bujagali Falls is a spectacular series of rapids than a waterfall. They lie close to the Source of the Nile and are about 2 hours driving east of Kampala near the town of Jinja.

The Equator Line
The Equator line is an imaginary line on the Earth's surface. In Uganda, it's located in the district of Masaka. It is a great spot, the draws countless tourists to Uganda to get a glimpse of the mark that divides up the earth in its half. It a place worth visiting and many opt to take photographs at the spot.

Ssese Islands
If you are the kind who prefers to have a quiet and peaceful vacation away from the bustle of cities then Ssese islands is your destination. You get to relax and lie at the beach and have a stress free vacation far away from the every day world.

Lake Mburo National Park
This park is popular for its richness in biodiversity mainly known for antelopes like the Impala from which Kampala the capital city was named. A boat trip on Lake Mburo from which the park gets its name greatly rewards you with a view of birds and wildlife.

Bwindi national park
The Bwindi impenetrable forest is home to Uganda's Mountain gorillas. The endangered specis of Gorillas are available for tracking in the wild , a gorilla trekking permit can be acquired at 500 USD per permit.

Visiting Uganda can give your African vacation an extra-special memory. Exploring and discovering the best side of this pearl of Africa, may be what your lifestyle needs. So you have never visited Uganda or you are in Uganda but have never traveled to know what Uganda is all about as far as Uganda safari attractions is concerned, it is time to do so.

gorilla tours in Uganda

Uganda gorilla trekking

tracking mountain gorillas

gorilla safari tours


          Wine tourism to boast tourism in South Africa in 2020.: Safari Uganda , Kenya , Rwanda        

It’s too amazing to see that many countries the have the kenya safari are pouring large amount of money in wine projects yet this is just one example of the growth that is being seen around the world in wine tourism. Wine tourism is expanding in most major wine growing regions, including France, Spain, Germany, Italy, the U.S., South Africa, and Australia.

Besides, South Africa is working towards positioning itself as one of the world's top 20 travel destinations by 2020, the local wine and tourism industry are uniting to present the country's first specialist wine tourism exhibition, Vindaba and the Kenya tour.This resulted from the backing effort of national and provincial government, and Vindaba will be showcasing the best in South African wine-related tourism when it is held in Cape Town in September 2012, targeting the local and international travel trade as well as wine, travel and lifestyle media.

Wine Tourism is known world wide that very most travellers in any Namibia safaris prefer taking wine while on there vacation holidays and also many scholars have written different books with different definitions. According to an Australian researchers Hall and Macionis. They define wine tourism as "visitation to vineyards, wineries, wine festivals, and wine shows for which grape wine tasting and/or experiencing the attributes of a grape wine region are the prime motivating factors for visitors." we have the rwanda gorilla trekking This definition is useful because it encompasses the various venues most frequently sought by wine tourists, and highlights the fact that there are different reasons visitors go to a wine region.

Also the South Africa Tourism Minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk identified wine tourism as one of the fastest-growing and most lucrative sectors of the global tourism market. Get to visit the gorillas in Africa as the Vindaba, which marks a new spirit of collaboration among tourism bodies, is intended as a launching pad to position South Africa on the world map of wine tourism.

Currently, Cape Wine is considered the most successful international wine trade show in the Southern Hemisphere, the masai mara safari and has been held every alternate year since 2000 with the exception of last year, given South Africa's hosting of the 2010 Fifa World Cup.Next year's Cape Wine will be the first in four years and will thus provide an important opportunity for the industry to update its markets on new developments.Such as the It is expected that some 320 wineries will exhibit.

Although cape wine 2012 is conceived as a stand-alone event, it will be staged simultaneously at the Cape Town Convention Centre. Cape Wine also as we get ready for the masai mara tour , hosted biennially by Wosa, exhibits a wide spectrum of South Africa's wines and wine styles to the international wine trade, from buyers to importers and sommeliers in important export markets. It also attracts wine, travel and lifestyle media.

More so, both events will be staged as eco-friendly exhibitions, making use exclusively of recycled and recyclable materials. South Africa is already recognized as a world leader in eco-sustainable wine production. Now it plans to establish a similar reputation for wine tourism by marketing Vindaba as a "green" initiative.

Van Schalkwyk has identified South Africa's wine tourism as central to marketing the country as an attractive long-haul destination. Speaking at a tourism stakeholder workshop in April, he said: along with gorillas and Chimpanzees we have "Wine tourism is a vital product offering in South Africa's tourism product as it helps improve the country's competitiveness against destinations like Brazil, Australia, Kenya and Thailand.” Though Australia has a highly developed wine tourism industry, many of its wine regions are located far apart, unlike South Africa where production is concentrated mostly in the Western Cape.3 day gorilla safari tour

Not only will the two exhibitions feature many of the same producers, but there are other common links. Queen Elizabeth national park , South Africa has been steadily building a domestic and global awareness for the range and excellence of its wines and is now considered a significant wine-producing country. With provenance playing such a strategic role in wine marketing, it makes sense to advance wine-related tourism, so wine lovers are actively encouraged to visit the source of the products they enjoy.Murchison falls national park


          African Secrets Limited , your one stop tour agents Uganda        
Join African Secrets Limited as we take you off the beaten path on a series of low impact experiential holidays to explore the Ugandan outdoors and immerse yourself in the local cultures. Our eco-tour packages are made for experiential visitors looking for unique and culturally authentic experiences, these all inclusive packages cost between 80-100 USD per day for minimum 4 people. These vacations involve camping in some of the most picturesque places in Uganda for any Uganda gorilla safari.

Our eco-tours are mainly hosted by on hilly terrain or forested areas and involve hiking, trekking or mountain biking. We minimize the use of motorized transport on these Uganda tours and you depend on cycling or hiking getting around. These tours are ideal for experiential travellers looking for new experiences to connect with other people and nature. We cater for varied interests, like birding, hiking, primate watching and site seeing. We look for the authentic in people, and meaningful connections with the places we go and the people we meet.

Top tour agent packages

Kenya Wildlife safari
Kenya tour packages
Kenya masai mara

          Rwanda and Uganda gorilla tour packages        

Mountain gorilla safari trekking is a challenging activity; therefore you must be physically fit. 8 people are permitted per group per day and a total of eighteen (24) people are taken in Bwindi, while six (8) people are allowed for Nkuringo group that can be accessed in Kisoro. So far, we have four groups for viewing. There are three groups in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, (Mubare, Habinyanja, and Rushegura) and one (Nkuringo) in Kisoro.

Gorilla safari is possible in Rwanda as well. Parc National des Volcans (PNV) in Northern Rwanda is a habitat for about 300 mountain gorillas. There are four habituated gorilla families - Amahoro, "Group 13", Sabinyo and Susa - each of the groups allows up to 8 participants per day. You can tracking Mountain gorillas, climb the Visoke volcano, track the golden monkeys or visit the Karisoke Research Centre, which Dian Fossey the famous grammatologist set up, or visit local villages.

Gorilla Trecking Permits in Uganda
-Non residents pay USD 500.
-East African Residents pay USD 355
It’s advisable to book gorilla permits well in advance prior to your visit.
As your tour agent, ASL shall handle all your bookings for Gorilla permits both for Bwindi and Mgahinga.

Gorilla trekking rules should be adhered to. Read rules
Non Governmental Organizations involved in the conservation ofGorillas include:
The Dianney Fossey Foundation
International Gorilla Conservation Program.
Africa Wildlife Foundation: http://www.awf.org/


          Uganda Safari Guidelines        
Uganda and Rwanda Safari Travel Guide

Best Time to Visit Uganda

Uganda is generally warm all year around and its position on the Equator explains the seasonal temperature variations. However, you should check out on the seasons if you are planning to visit national parks because some roads become almost impassable during the rain season. Usually the rains come in April, May, October and November. During these months uganda safari camping is not an option and hiking as it is, is an uphill task during the rains.

Paper Work Necessary

You will need a valid passport that is not yet to expire at least for six months of the date on which you intend to leave Uganda. Should your passport be lost or stolen, it will be easier to get a replacement if you have a photocopy of important pages.Namibia safari guide

If you are intending to drive while in Uganda, you will need an international driver’s license together with your original license.Even Most of the will ask for those original forms of identification.
An international health certificate indicating your Yellow fever status and other vaccinations like for Cholera. Uganda tour packages
Carry photo copies of your important documents and if possible leave copies of these documents with close relatives. Carry copies of your emergency numbers incase need arises.Botswana safari

VISAS

All foreign entrants require Visas at the entry points. The good news is that these Visas can be obtained from the Uganda Embassies in your countries of origin or on entry to the country. Visa rulings are prone to any changes so all visitor are required to check with their embassies or high commissions before coming to the country.Rwanda tours

FLYING TO UGANDA

The main entry point for air travelers is Entebbe international Airport. Entebbe is 40km from Kampala the capital city of Uganda. The terminal is operated by most big International Airlines like BA, KLM, SN Brussels, United Arab Emirates, South African Air, Flights to Kenya ,Kenya Airways and many other Airlines. All the above mentioned Airlines have their offices in Kampala and at the airport, just incase you need any information concerning these airlines, they are always to there to help.

Getting to Kampala

A private taxi from the air port to the Uganda’s city centre in Kampala costs around USD30. The other alternative is to get a motor cycle commonly know as Boda Boda and it drops you in Entebbe town where you will have to board a 14 seater taxi that will charge around 2-3 dollar depending on the prevailing rate. A car for hire in Uganda can go between 70 - 100 dollars per day.

EATING AND DRINKING

Meals are served in various restaurants in the towns and some small trading centers here and there in Uganda. The dishes range from local dishes to international cuisines and fast foods. These meals are very affordable with prices ranging from 2$-10$ and above depending on the place you decide to settle for your meal. Seeing gorillas in Africa

Bottled and canned beverages are on sale in shops, restaurants and bars every where, be cautious while taking drinking water because it’s not completely safe, Rwanda gorilla tours I rather you only take bottled mineral water.

Fruits are every where in the markets and are in most cases fresh produces right from the gardens. Vegetables are also in plenty and vegetarian meals can be prepared on order.

Tanzania safari tours

          A tour in Uganda Or Rwanda , Done by yourself        
Doing a tour by yourself ?

Do it your self Uganda tour
This is perceived by many to be an easy and cheap way to self organize a tour/ rwanda safari.
Organizing a tour requires a lot of paper work which involves tailor making a safari, organizing transport to your destinations, selecting your suitable accommodations, looking for available accommodation and booking/paying for it, booking/paying for permits where applicable, locating your destinations if you have never been to these places.

However, to do this and not be cheated would require you to do serious research on which destinations to visit rwanda gorillas , when to visit them, which accommodation is available, which accommodation is affordable and which accommodation has what you want. Apart from that you will have to run around looking for transport, a map and permits if applicable, during this period you are bound to be conned in term of exchange rates or even hiked prices or fares.

3 day Rwanda tours
Book your tour with the right tour operator and will have saved your self going through all that hassle and will only have to enjoy your dream safari without remorse. Such a Tour Operator will carry the burden of getting you Accommodation, Transporting to your Destination, designing your itinerary, providing you with an appropriate guide and make sure your tour is a total success. Mountain gorilla tours

          African Safaris in Kenya        

What to Expect on a Kenyan Safari

Interested in a good quality value for Money safari to Kenya ? it dose not have to be a in a dirsty ramshackle vehicle ! our modern day safari packages to Kenya are well modified to make sure it is utterly confortable for any tourist coming to the Magical Kenya. Kenya safari places makes sure that we give you the value for money you are paying for.

Going On A Safari – advice

Within this tourist destination are various Kenya national parks to find the African animals you’ve only seen in zoos or books. Nairobi National Park and Ol Donyo Subuk National Park can give you a glimpse of the colorful birds of the area or of the herds of zebras, hippopotamuses, lions, cheetahs, and more roaming animals. You might also want to go to the Giraffe Center or the Sheldrick Elephant Orphanage to see your favorite animals up close and personal. 14 Falls is a local waterfall, but if you want a wetter water experience, you can go white water rafting in the Tana River.

For the safest means of transport within the city of Nairobi you may use the Taxis , though they are not really that cheap to use . You may simply choose to walk to the place within the city as it is still safe to do so, and the navigation within the city is not really a problem.

What to expect on A Kenya Safari tour

If you are on your way on a Kenya tour, a Professional guide is expected to guide your through the large areas in search of the wild animals in Magical Kenya. In most cases these animals in the national parks are accustomed to human beings as there is a lot of tourist activities going on.Of course the bonus one has it to take pictures that can forever keep your memory alive.

Without a tour operator in Kenya , You are on your own.!!

The specific travel package will often give you an idea of what you might be able to see on your trip, while sometimes your findings are a surprise to you and to your guide. With all of the safaris available, how can you choose the one that best suits your needs? First of all, it will help if you choose an operator that’s well known to your travel agent or to friends and family.

You will have have to look out for a service provider who bears a license or certificate of registration from the local authorities. An operator that can give you a valid safari quote and issues a receipt for services rendered is a point to look out for.


          Uganda's Beautiful Scenery should be Experienced        

Once you think that the typical Africa countryside can’t offer you rolling bright green hills, snow capped mountains, misty forests and deep crystal clear lakes then you haven't been to Uganda. Though Uganda is a small country, it offers all of this and a lot more white water rafting, gorilla tracking, game viewing and some of the best trekking in Africa. Most outstandingly, the country has friendly and relaxed locals with unique cultural traditions which can’t make you ask for any thing more from an exotic holiday destination. Uganda safari

The country boasts areas of outstanding natural beauty compared to other African countries. That’s why Sir Churchill called Uganda “The Pearl of Africa”. One looking for a good first stop for a couple of days of relaxation, Jinja near Kampala is a quiet town with a wonderfully relaxed atmosphere and also, the home of Uganda's white water rafting industry. The rafting is awesome and they claim more grade five rapids than the more famous Zambezi rafting. It is a full day's entertainment with the rafting rounded off by an excellent meal near the river. Besides, the source of the Nile is also in Jinja so doesn’t miss out on the visit to the plaque marking the spot where the Nile leaves Lake Victoria on its long, long journey to the sea. 3 days gorilla safari tours

However, Uganda is blessed with lakes, variety of wildlife,Primates,Birds and Mountains like Mount Rwenzori ( The Mountains of the Moon) , Mount Elgon sharing it with Kenya on the Eastern Border, Mount Moroto in the Karamajong Region and Mount Mufumbira where you will find the world famous Mountain Gorilla. To the part of Lakes, Uganda is the source of Lake Victoria that is shared with Kenya and Tanzania. This lake is the third largest lake in the whole world. It’s the source of River Nile which is also the longest River in the world. Apart from Uganda Lakes and Mountains, you will be surrounded by stunning scenery from the moment you arrive in Uganda at Entebbe International Airport to the time you leave.

Still Uganda offers one of the travellers "must do" excursions, which is fabulous for example gorilla tracking trip. There are two options - Mgahinga and Bwindi both in the Southwest and Bwindi, in the impenetrable forest has got the highest population off mountain Gorillas in the world. In terms of security, a huge effort has been made to assure tourists of their safety and armed guards accompany every group.

Though East African game parks are famous, but Uganda’s game parks are more beautiful than those in other East African countries. Murchison Falls and Queen Elizabeth National Parks are the places to go. The campsite at Murchison Falls is just above the falls and is wonderfully located. It is also only accessible by 4WD cars for rent kampala and roads to the park are well constructed and improved. An excellent way to see the wildlife is to take a boat trip. There are huge numbers of birds in Uganda and in both parks there are so many hippos in the water that you feel as if you can step out of the boat and walk to the river bank on their backs, never getting your feet wet. It's wall to wall hippos with a few crocodiles circling nearby.

Another wonderful aspect of Uganda is the approach to community tourism that wherever accommodation you see is a community campsite and they are often conveniently located right outside park gates and all the benefits are at a fraction of the cost. In addition, you also know that you are giving something directly back to the community. It is a great opportunity to meet locals, share a beer and have a chat. When it comes to practical matters like food and drink, there are many options. Kampala is well equipped and the many roadside markets sell the most wonderful range of fruit and vegetables. They also sell interesting things like meat, or chicken, on a stick and plenty of Nile perch. Plantains are a stable food in Uganda anyone at a campsite, hotel, lodge will prepare a meal of matoke (mashed plantains) or anything else, for a very reasonable price. There is also plenty of beer available. Uganda gorilla trip gorillas and Chimps

If you are looking for a break that features contrasts and some of the best scenery the country has to offer then you should consider booking a place to visit Western Uganda. This is the place where you will see all about Uganda top destinations like the mountain gorilla trucking in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park and many other game parks. On your way to western Uganda, beginning in the south-western city of Masaka Town and winding its way through the Plains Lyantondde to Mbarara, you will see all the sights that make Uganda a world-class tourist destination. rwanda gorilla tour vacations

Once you leave Mbarara area, you will be greeted by a cold landscape of mountains, gushing streams, as well as forests rather than green terraces and sorghum fields of Kabale and Kisoro Districts. This will signal the beginning of your journey into the Pearl of Africa and you can look forward to your next stop in the town of Kabale and Kisoro. 5 day rwanda gorilla safari
Leaving the mountains behind the meandering rural roads. The journey will also bring you to Queen Elizabeth national park where you will meet the tree climbing lions of Ishasha and the pictures of Lake Edward, Lake George and Kazinga Channel. Uganda rwanda safari

Above all, Uganda offers an experience that is as varied and exciting as you want it to be. What you see and experience are only limited by your imagination and sense of adventure so don't let anything put you off discovering a place that truly is the Pearl of Africa and which ever ways you decide to spend your days in Uganda, you are sure to leave feeling relaxed and refreshed. gorilla tours in rwanda


          Environmental protection a major goal for Tourism promoters        

Overgrazing, deforestation, and primitive agricultural methods are major environmental problems in Uganda which lead to Environment degradation.However,to ensure the rational sustainable utilization ,development and safeguard of Land and water resources and environment, for social and economic welfare and development as well as for regional and international peace. The Promoters of tourism have called for environmental protection as they bid to conserve biodiversity for the growth of the sector. Speaking during the 2nd Big Birding Day celebrations at Katoma Kingdom Resort in Entebbe last week the promoters said the high rate of environmental degradation is likely to affect Uganda’s tourism potential. Yet, although tourism contributes about 8 per cent of Uganda's GDP and is seen as one of the sectors with the most promising growth prospects.” It is time Ugandans embarked on the protection of biodiversity for future generations,” said Mr Stephen Masaba, the business development manager, Uganda Wildlife Authority. uganda gorilla trekking

Several Tourism development plans have been laid by the government to improve the Tourism industry. For example in 2008, the government of Uganda promised to ensure environmental concerns are put at the centre stage of the country’s efforts to promote tourism. The Minister of Tourism, Trade and Industry, Janat Mukwaya said the government will work with all stakeholders in the tourism sector to promote responsible tourism. She was speaking in Kasese, western Uganda during the 2008 World Tourism Day Celebrations. Uganda is celebrating this year’s tourism day in Kasese, the home of the Rwenzori Mountains, one of the world’s top tourist attractions. The mountain, the 2nd tallest in East Africa is uniquely covered with glaciers, despite being along the equator. 3 day gorilla safari

However, this year’s Big Birding Day, also attracted 50 groups covering all sites of Uganda’s national parks and game reserves, and enabled the identification of 655 bird species compared to 450 identified last years.The highest number of bird species was recorded around the Kampala-Entebbe area with 175 bird species followed by Murchison Falls National Park with 162 and Queen Elizabeth National Park 160 bird species.Kidepo National Park recorded 150 bird species, Mabamba Ramsar site 138, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park 137 and Mabira Forest Reserve 136 bird species. Tanzania safari packages

More so, Bahai temple-Park, Kibale and Lake Mburo National Parks also recorded a number of bird species. This year’s celebration organized under the theme: “connecting birds to people and nature” aimed to promote awareness of the country’s tourism potential. Besides, the Uganda Wildlife Authority earlier this year called for interested investors to bid for development of high end hotels in the protected areas to end accommodation shortage in national parks. A few days ago the Uganda Tourism Board removed restrictions to constructing more accommodation facilities in the park. According to Masaba, UWA would go into joint ventures with potential investors for the development and operation of accommodation facilities in the selected areas so that tourist arrivals increase per year. By so doing all the tourism stakeholders will work hand in hand to promote the development of the Tourism sector together with environment protection. Safari masai mara tour


          Restoration of the Kasubi Tombs        

The famous Uganda Cultural site and the main burial ground place for the four previous Kings of Buganda known traditionally as Kabakas, are situated five kilometers away from Kampala city center on Kasubi hill. Historically, Buganda Kabakas have always built their palaces on strategic hills in order to find easy ways to escape during an invasion and to control the major roads to the palace. It’s also a centre for the Royal family and the Kabaka and his representative’s frequently carryout important rituals related to Ganda Culture, masai mara safari. The Kasubi tombs hill is divided into three main areas: the main tomb area located at the western end of the site, an area containing buildings and graveyards located behind the tombs, and a large area on the eastern side of the site used primarily for agricultural purposes.

To experience Buganda cultures in Uganda, there are several sites to look at like Katereke prison where the king imprisoned his brothers in a trench. Naggalabi coronation site, Buddo where the kabakas of Buganda have been crowned for the past 700 years. Wamala Tomb the secret burial place of Kabaka Suuna II (1836-1856) who had 148 wives and 218 Children. Namasole Kanyange Tombs where the mother to Kabaka Suuna II was buried. Ssezibwa Falls is a spiritual place for the kings and Baagalayaze Nnamasole Tombs where the mother of Kabaka Mwanga II was buried.

On 19 March 2010, one of the main culture sites of Buganda (Kasubi tombs) was burnt by fire. Some of the major buildings there were almost completely destroyed by fire, but the cause is still under investigation. Later the outraged Buganda Kingdom has vowed to rebuild the tombs of their kings and President Museveni said the national government of Uganda would assist in the restoration of the site. gorilla safari rwanda

As Buganda kingdom vowed, the restoration of Kasubi Royal Tombs should not be considered as a solely Buganda Kingdom's responsibility, the Trade and Tourism Minister, Maj. Gen. Kahinda Otafiire said. "I think time has come to work together to ensure the restoration of the tombs. Such assets are for all of us. It should be a pride for all Ugandans," Maj. Gen. Otafiire said during the launch of the SMS fundraising drive towards the tombs restoration in Kampala yesterday. Pledging total support towards the reconstruction of tombs, Maj. Gen. Otafiire condemned its burning.

Under the new fundraising drive dubbed 'Ssaagala Agalamidde' mass SMS fundraising, any willing contributor will use his/her mobile phone to contribute Shs500 to the kingdom's treasury by typing the world 'Masiro' and send it to number 8885.Many Ugandans are participating in the SMS fundraising to ensure the restoration of the Kasubi tombs” Uganda’s best cultural site”.The Buganda Prime Minister, Eng. John Baptist Walusimbi, said Shs10 billion is required to rebuild the Kasubi Tombs and other 32 tombs across the kingdom.

Above all Uganda’s culture heritage is very strong for example many regions in Uganda have kingdoms including Buganda, Busoga, Bunyoro and Toro. Also Uganda has a remarkable hospitable and hails from a diversity of rich cultures and life styles. Each tribe has its own traditional dance like the banyankole perform their Kitaguriro dance, the Bunyoro have their Runyege, Acholi have the Bwila and Otole dances. The Alur people from the West Nile have the Agwal dance, Bagisu have the Imbalu dance during circumcission ceremonies. The country’s culture heritage led to the Kasubi tomb restoration. gorilla tour


          Student Packages Uganda        
Special itineraries for student and school education trips, visits, excursions, safaris and holidays from all over the world to Africa of all kinds of interest like art, music or languages, culture, and sports. The uganda tours are tailor suit, full of learning interests to life. Besides, Safaris are basically educational travel and tours for schools, learning institutions, alumni that are seeking quality and truly nature based learning tours that go beyond the morning and afternoon students.
Activities like White Water Rafting, Bungee Jumping in uganda , nature walks, Fishing, Quad Biking, Walking and Hiking Safari offer valuable learning experiences and lots of fun and our itineraries provide the right combination of adventure with education.
Terms & Conditions for Students Groups.

-Only groups are acceptable
- Minimum 2 students and above
-All students must carry their International Identity Students Cards
-It's purely a camping safari unless Lodge accommodations are requested
TOUR 1)
Day 1: Transfer with visit to Uganda Wildlife Center.

Day 2: Service work with Center staff of the Zoo and a visit to the botanical gardens.

Day 3: Transfer to Jinja with a visit to Sezibwa falls, Mabira forest, and source of the Nile.

Day 4: Full day whitewater rafting on the Nile.

Day 5: Morning visit to Soft Power projects, plus a visit to the Bujahgali Falls traditional owner palace.

Day 6: Quad biking uganda and afternoon community walk.

Day 7: Transfer to Murchison Falls National Park.

Day 8: Morning game drive and Afternoon boat cruise on the Nile River


Day 9: Morning chimp tracking and transfer back to Kampala
Day 10: Optional kampala City tour and departure
Detailed Itinerary

Day 1: Transfer with an Excursion tour to Uganda Wildlife Center.

Past breakfast you will be picked and briefed by the company guide/representative who will take you through the safari and head to Uganda Wildlife center commonly known as the zoo. Expect to see a number of animals’ species available at UWEC such as; chimps, lion, Ostrich, Girafes, Zebras to mention but a few. It is worth visiting with your family members, friends since even the kids have a chance of closely glancing at these animals, studying their ways of living as well as how they relate with one another. This attraction is easily accessible and would ideally be convenient to a client that has got very limited time to spend. Have a lunch break, dinner and overnight at Central Inn (Budget), Travellers Inn (mid-range) and Imperial resort beach luxury.Masai mara holiday kenya


Day 2: Service work with Center staff of the Zoo and a visit to the botanical gardens. kenya family safari tour

After an early morning cup of tea, join the Zoo staff in service work like care and feeding of animals, and tree planting in communities. Have lunch, and then later visit the Entebbe botanical gardens for relaxation. Meals and overnight at Central Inn (Budget), Travellers Inn (mid-range) and Imperial resort beach luxury. hotels in kenya


Day 3: Transfer to Jinja with a visit to Sezibwa falls, Mabira forest, and source of the Nile.
Your will depart from Entebbe for a whole day exploration at Jinja a city best known of impressive flat rocks and it was previously the industrial capital of Uganda. However, expect to see variety of tourist attractions like Sezibwa falls, the source of the Nile, Rippon Falls, Bujahgali falls, and adrift campsite.

Later head east passing through coffee, Tea and Sugar plantations and the colorful roadside fruit/vegetable markets. The first stopover will be at Sezibwa Falls a Buganda uganda safarisHeritage site with great falls said to have been born by a woman, then Mabira Forest. Here you will be able to see the primates, birds and butterflies, and then continue to the source of the Mighty Nile. The Nile down river from Jinja which offers some superb white water rafting and sport fishing. Have lunch at Kingfishers Resort. This is the place to spend the afternoon relaxing.
There after, transfer to Bujagali Falls where different cultural activities take place like Acrobatic, jerry can swimmers, traditional Dances, waterfalls etc for an evening , gorilla trek in bwindi
After the exhilarating and memorial experience, your guide will then transfer you to your hotel for an overnight stay at Eden Rock (Budget), Nile pocth,(mid-range) Nile Resort hotel (Luxury)
Day 4: Full day whitewater rafting on the Nile. gorilla trekking holiday
African Secrets Ltd representative will meet you at your hotel at 07:00am and drive to the starting point for the activity at adrift campsite. White water rafting at the Source of the Nile is done on the powerful water rapids on the Nile and it’s an experience worth enjoying. Note: Clients do not need any previous rafting experience. The guide will instruct the client on all aspects of safety and will prepare them for an unforgettable experience. Rafting the Nile has 100% safety record and clients can enjoy the activity since they are very sure of safety. For the period of your trip you can try out Bungee Jumping as well. 3 days mountain gorilla safaris
The duration of the rafting experience ranges from 2hours, half day, or full day;
• One day rafting:
On this day rafting you will tackle all the big grade 5, rapids of the Nile for about 31 km.
• Half day rafting, if you are short of time. white water rafting uganda
• Two day rafting: This is the best rafting experience whereby you will raft for about 49km.Return for dinner and overnight at Eden Rock (Budget), Nile pocth,(mid-range) Nile Resort hotel (Luxury).
Day 5: Morning visit to Soft Power projects, plus a visit to the Bujahgali Falls traditional owner palace. rwanda primate safari
Past break fast, Visit Soft Power projects including a pre-pri. School and health Clinic.
Service learning with Soft Power Education to build or renovated Primary schools in Jinja area an activity which will teach you to help others and also share the school life experience with pupils in the schools visited. Return for lunch and later visit the palace of the Bujagali owner and learn more about the history and culture beliefs of the Bujagali fall. Dinner and overnight at Eden Rock (Budget), Nile pocth,(mid-range) Nile Resort hotel (Luxury). bwindi gorilla tours

Day 6: Quad biking and afternoon community walk.
Having taken a cup of tea or coffee to warm up for the morning, go for an Adventurous activity (guided quad biking) off the beaten track and into the warm heart of Uganda. Scenic rides through forests, farms and villages exploring the riverbanks from Bujagali Falls. Have lunch and latter visit the local community and learn more about African life style of people of the nearby community. Dinner and overnight at Eden Rock (Budget), Nile pocth,(mid-range) Nile Resort hotel (Luxury). 3 day gorilla safari
Day 7: Transfer to Murchison Falls National Park.

Depart Jinja, lunch enroute to Murchison falls National Park arrive Murchison fall afternoon; stop at the top of the falls. Dinner and overnight at the Paraa safari Lodge (Luxury), Sambiya river lodge (mid-range) Redchilli Rest camp/simba safari lodge (Budget) meal plan F/B.

Day 8: Morning game drive and Afternoon boat cruise on the Nile River 3 day

After breakfast, depart early at 070.00am Ugandan time to Murchison falls and drive through the beautiful country side through the famous Luwero triangle with a stop over for lunch. Then proceed to the park stopping at the top of the falls, where the longest river is forced through a narrow gap in the rock (only 7 meters wide), before viciously plunging down 43 meters. During the activity, you will also have a game view experience on the way. Animals like buffalos, hippos, elephants will be seen mentioned but a few.
Overnight at a Luxurious Paraa Safari Lodge/Midrange Sambiya River lodge/Budget Red Chili Camp (Full Board)
Day 9: Morning chip tracking and transfer back to Kampala.
After breakfast, proceed to Budongo forest, a dense natural forest, passing through Bugungu gate with packed lunch. Take a forest walk through the dense tropical rain forest. On the walk you may see different primate species such as chimpanzees, monkeys among others. Have packed lunch and then return to Kampala arriving in the late evening. Dinner and overnight at New city hotel (Budget), Africana hotel (mid-range), Serena hotel (Luxury).
Day 10: Optional City tour and departure. gorilla tours

Depart from your hotel past breakfast and our experienced guide will pick you from your hotel or residence and take you through the sights and sounds of this hilly city. Meet people renown for their friendliness and visit cultural sites. The tour can include the Uganda museum, Kasubi Tombs, Makerere University, Nakasero market, craft markets, Namirembe Cathedral, Kibuli Mosque, Kabakas Lake, Baagalayaze cultural center and Ndere Center for entertainment depending on the time you have. There after, transfer to the Airport to catch up with your home flight. safari uganda

Safari Inclusions
Our attractive Price includes:
- Full time transportation throughout the safari.
- All meals from Breakfast to dinner.
-All accommodation as per itinerary
-Activities as per itinerary
- Bottled Water during the Walks
-Park Entrance Fees
-Experienced English guide
-Airport transfers
Safari Exclusions
-Gratuity or tips and expenditure of personal nature
-Airport taxes, visa, insurance
-Airfare to Uganda

          Kenya Leopard Beach Hotel& Spa wins an Award        
The beaches of Kenya offer you an unending scope to enjoy yourself the way you
want. Relax in isolation, walk in the water, play with sand, party till the
early hours, admire the beauty of the surroundings or indulge in water sports -
do anything, the choice is entirely yours.kenya safaris africa The vast stretches of sea water have
a unique ability to carry away all your worries and heartaches along with its
waves. You can also watch the sun rise and set far in the horizon and appreciate
the beauty that is reflected as a reflection in the water kenya hotels.

And for all those who are more adventurous and yearn for a lot of challenging
activities, the beaches have plenty of options to choose from. Swim along with
the waves of the beach water or dive deep into the water to discover a
magnificent and colourful Water Sports Centre - offering windsurfing, kite
surfing, kayaking, pedelos and catamarans for hire or tuition Big game fishing
,Glass-bottom boat trip in the world. houses for sale in nairobi kenya

Due to the tranquil environment with abundant greenery around is just perfect to
relax and refresh ,Kenya's Leopard Beach Resort & Spa has won the 2010 World
Travel Awards Africa & Indian Ocean award in the Best Resort category at the
ceremony which took place last week in Johannesburg, South Africa had over 1,000
global tourism industry participants. Chris Modigell the representative of
Leopard Beach Resort & Spa said Kenya is gaining good tourism reputation from
such award though the country still faces considerable challenge from South
Africa as a favourable tourism destination due to infrastructure development.
However, he concluded that that the above challenge can be solved by providing
better customer service to tourists. tours in uganda

Unlike the very common and predictable experiences of living in a hotel, leopard
Beach Resort & Spa is a refreshing change for visitors of Beach Tourism in
Kenya. Accommodation occupancy of the beach hotels to the tourists that come to
Kenya all year around has become a prevalent practice at the beach hotels. The
major factor that sets leopard Beach Resort & Spa apart from hotels is the
bewitching experience of privacy, rwanda safari , space and personalized service. It fulfills gorilla tours your needs and desires for tranquility and peace. The experience of spending
your days and nights at leopard is not at all different than the feeling of
home. Everything in the leopard beach hotel & Spa is personalized for your
convenience and comfort. kenya safari

The gardens at Leopard Beach Hotel are beautifully landscaped over 30 acres and
immaculately maintained which give an even greater ambience. The room blocks are
dotted around the carefully planned gardens and look almost invisible. This
makes you feel like you are in a smaller secluded hotel. Almost at the end of
the big renovation project, the resort will soon launch their Uzuri Health Spa
and Fitness Forest at the back of the Hotel. kenya tourist attractions

Still, Leopard Beach Resort will be surrounded by 6 acres of indigenous forest
and promises to offer only the best treatments and therapies available. They
have tried to make the resort as comfortable as possible and offer the little
things which other hotels do not, like the Tutti Frutti Ice Cream parlour down
near the beach. Pizzas are part of the culture of the place and they serve
possibly the best pizza in Kenya. They also host a wide variety of activities
from a PADI 5 star dive centre to golf, tanzania safari which can be enjoyed at Dotted
throughout the vast 25 acres of magnificent tropical gardens are a total of 158
rooms, cottages and suites (90 standard rooms, 48 sea-facing superior rooms, 10
Chui class cottages, 7 suites and 2 superior suites and 5 honeymoon suites and 2
executive suites). We highly recommend the honeymoon suites with their sunken
baths! gorilla safari rwanda The executive suites have Jacuzzi baths and amazing power showers. The
above facilities together with the Beach Resort Hotel Restaurant offer you the
fine dining at its finest and perfect for that romantic meal. For lunch, sample
stir-fries at gorilla safari uganda , Coco Mchana on Coco Beach or try the Italian specialty restaurant
– Pizza ‘n' Pasta Tornati and whatever eatable you would wish to have. Dinners
are equally exciting with a blend of local cultural shows every night including
the famous Maasai dances, uganda gorilla safari live bands and acrobats. Evening entertainment
includes a disco overlooking the ocean, traditional African dancing and weekly
BBQ's around the pool.

In brief a beach and wildlife tour in will provide every kind of thing to enjoy,
from isolation and opportunity for introspection to action and fun. Take a beach
trip and wildlife safari Kenya and experience what makes the beaches and
wildlife in Kenya attractive to so many tourists.construction companies uganda

          Rwanda’s Cultural tourism is the Key investment Sector        

It is a well-known fact that tourism can be a deadly antagonist as much as a firm friend in the matter of development. Considering the economic might of the tourist industry now gorilla safari regarded as the biggest in the world ahead of automobiles and chemicals, careful attention should be paid to culture in order to progressive strategies which are vitally needed in order to prepare the ground for genuinely progressive international, regional and local tourism development gorilla trekking uganda .

Besides, cultural travel directed towards experiencing the arts, heritage and special character of unique places includes arts (galleries, rwanda travel guide studios, performing and visual arts), Cultural activities (festivals, celebrations, and rituals), events and physical heritage, building and environment. While reconsidering the relationship between tourism and cultural diversity, tourism and intercultural dialogue, and tourism and development, the Organization (UNESCO) proposes to contribute to the fight against poverty, gorilla safari rwanda protection of the environment and mutual appreciation of cultures.

Considering cultural development, Rwanda will, next week, host the Commonwealth investment conference, ahead of the 7th Edition of the Pan African Dance Festival (FESPAD 2010) that will be staged in July. This is a result of Rwanda being an attractive investment destination and both forums present an opportunity. uganda gorilla safaris , Apart from breaking into new markets, the events will enhance business openings for Rwandans since they facilitate gainful partnerships

However, the Rwandan business community will be accorded , rwanda gorilla safari , opportunity to forge new partnerships with business leaders from around the world since approximately 31 African countries are expected to attend, as well as China, Japan, Vietnam, France and Spain.

By promoting the rich Rwandan uganda gorilla safari , cultural heritage, the country shall attract both investors and tourists. The traditional dances and dress are world class, and our museums have a powerful story to tell. There is no doubt that Rwanda's tourism sector has been very kenya safari successful, but there are areas that have not been exhaustively exploited.

The country can cut itself a niche in the region by aggressively promoting its arts and culture which will rank Rwanda as the best cultural destination in Africa. houses for sale in kampala uganda


          NAFA to make lawful forestry strategy        

Environmental safari uganda issues affect every life on this planet from the smallest parasite to the human race. The reason for this is simple. A single disruption in the Earth’s delicate balance can mean certain destruction of the very place that cradles the lives of many species. What is not so simple is finding alternatives to the now dangerous and confronting acts of planet degradation that have been afflicted on the planet over recent years. One such issue that requires consideration is deforestation. gorilla safari rwanda Trees have been or are being cut down at increasingly high rates. If this is not stopped many unfavorable side effects could result.

At the moment, Falling of trees for Timber has contributed to deforestation in some parts of the Rwanda. In order to manage forest resources and optimize their economic and ecological functions in a sustainable manner, uganda tours the National Forestry Authority (NAFA) is currently drafting a new three-year strategic plan to be implemented. The plan was revealed when speaking to officials in the forestry sector during a workshop held in Kigali. The Minister of Forestry and Mineral Resources, rwanda safari Christophe Bazivamo, said that the underlying goal of the strategy is to increase institutional support to forestry stakeholders as well as raise public awareness of the importance of forests.

“When someone wants to start a farm, he or she easily clears or burns away part of forest cover without evaluating the impact this might cause,” Bazivamo said. “The forestry sector must get due attention and support it needs so that we can all have a safe and beneficial environment”.

He also noted that the government perceives environmental protection as one priority area that is a strong pillar to sustainable development of the country. “Through the National Forestry Fund, the government directly gorilla trekking supports and replenishes the sector. This goodwill and commitment it shows must flow into the public so that they can utilize forests in a conservative manner,” he said.

Also, new forestry strategy will support the implementation of several plans with an aim of improving the management of forest resources. gorilla trekking bwindi Said the Director General of NAFA, Frank Rutabingwa.

“In the next 3 years, we will seek to increase the area and diversity of national forest resources through agro-forestry research as well as carry out forestry education in schools and communities,” Rutabingwa said.

More so, he added that NAFA will train and support farmers to engage in agro-forestry and forestry seed business.” Chimpanzee tours uganda Our strategy will pursue the same overall goal of the forest policy, which aims to make the forestry sector one of the bedrocks for sustainable economic development of the country,” This effort will improve on the level of eco tourism conservation in Rwanda hence leading to the development kenya hotels and kenya travel guide of Rwanda’s Tourism Sector in general.


          Gorilla Visit Increase in Rwanda        

Mountain gorilla tracking in is hard work up steep slopes, through fascinating and a wide number of Tourists across the world travel to Africa to meet the great apes. Besides, one of the tourist who got in touch with the great apes twice had this to say. Uganda safaris , “Having met the Gorilla family twice I feel as if they are my family so you can imagine my joy when I saw that they had a another child”.

Thus, the recent tourist arrival statistics and reports from the Rwanda Development Board, which is in the office of Rwanda Tourism and conservation has released a report indicating a growth in the number of gorilla safari tourist to Rwanda just in the first quarter of this year.

The Statistics Offer Joel Rudasingwa uganda safari packages noted that it’s because of the improvement in the financial state of the world, which will heal the global financial crisis and later impact positively on its trend towards recovery which led to this increase.

"The great decrease was observed in the first semester of 2009, which can be attributed to the global financial crisis, which put many countries in recession,” masai mara safari packages However, from July to September 2009 which is the high season, gorilla visits surpassed 156 people every day. Meanwhile, official statistics from Rwanda Development Board indicate that in the first quarter of 2010 gorilla visits have generated Rwf1.2 billion with about 4,000 visitors comparing to last year same period. gorilla trekking

Rwanda boasts of almost 280 gorillas in total with Uganda and DR Congo having a good number of the primates since gorillas are very rare species in the world. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, only 700 mountain gorilla tracking are left in the whole world. Above all, Tourism is Rwanda's leading export earner ahead of tea and coffee. The sector contributes about 3.5 percent to the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and it is expected to account for 5.8 percent of the GDP by 2016.

Gorilla trekking generates the highest revenues in visits to Rwanda's three national parks. It is believed that about 85 percent of visitors to the Volcanoes National Park are attracted by gorilla trekking experience. Young rwanda gorillas , from three to six years old, remind human observers of children. Much of their day is spent in play, climbing trees, chasing one another, and swinging from branches. The fun the gorillas shouldn’t be what you can miss in life. houses for sale in kampala uganda

uganda construction companies


                  
The Ugandan Parliament in Kampala decided to give immediate attention to poor infrastructures in the whole of East African Region. ‘The poor infrastructure in the region needed immediate attention and the problem of infrastructure in East Africa is a matter of survival, especially electricity, the roads and railway” uganda safari company said the Uganda president.

He went a head and told Parliament that the UPDF had set up an engineering brigade with capacity to carry out engineering tasks, including building infrastructure.
We shall use them to build the railway. I talked to the army engineers and they said it is okay,” he disclosed.

Museveni emphasized that if the colonialists used rudimentary tools to construct the railway line used in East Africa today, the army was in a better position with better technology. This idea was supported by other East African presidents through which the Railway line passes. Mr. Odinga did not see the need for the study estimated to cost Sh800 million with Kenya’s contributing over Sh600 million. His view was shared by the Uganda minister for Works and Transport John Nasasira.gorilla safaris in uganda “We are not here for fun or mere drama. We know that Kenya is strategically placed to serve as the transport hub for the region.” The Permanent Meeting (PM) called for the delegations from the two countries to show the will and power to undertake the project saying it will help interconnect the Eastern Africa region.


The views from other East African delegates show unity and joint effort towards the rebuilding programmes of the Uganda Railway. gorilla safaris in rwanda

The EALA, led by its speaker, Abdirahin Abdi, is holding the 3rd meeting of the 2nd assembly in Kampala from February 7 to 19.
It is expected to pass resolutions on the East African Community Tourism Bill 2008, the Election Bill 2008 and Lake Victoria Basin Commission Bill 2007.

The opening was attended by Ugandan MPs, who occupied the opposition side of the House as Museveni appealed to the EAC partners to look into the issue of energy as a major factor in the development of the region.
Additionally,gorilla safari rwanda the Uganda president said electricity power generation was so low that it could not sustain development in the region.
He said the US generates 14,000 kilowatts per hour, while African countries generate only 12 kilowatts per hour.
Museveni explained that Uganda faced resistance from developments partners in developing power dams. He, however, assured the country that even without foreign aid; Uganda could build its own power stations.


“We are now aiming at generating about 17,000 megawatts in the next 15 years. This will give us 3,000 kilowatts per hour,” he said. ssese island safari
Museveni reiterated the need to fast-track the East African federation, so that the member states have a position by 2012.
“I am glad that there is compromise on this issue, but more needs to be done to ensure it is implemented.”

He urged member states to facilitate their citizens to process their goods and add value to them before putting them on the expanded regional market that includes Southern Sudan, DR Congo and the south africa safari Central African Republic.
He said Uganda had responded to the increased demand by producing more. “We got a bumper harvest of maize. As a result, prices have now come down,” he said.
“We need to deal with storage and processing of maize, so that the farmers don’t have to sell desperately at the time of plenty. This may force them to exit maize growing,” gorilla trekking uganda yet in the tourism sectors farmers are the major suppliers of agriculture products and if prices of the products are too low, that will lead to low production in Agriculture hence leading to low supply of Agriculture products to the tourism sector.

The ministries of finance and agriculture have devised means of how they can solve the problem in order to ensure constant supply of Agriculture products to the entire country sector. Said the president.
Abdi hailed the political leadership in the region for agreeing on the common market protocol.
He lauded Museveni for the effort to improve household incomes through modern agriculture and education.

More so, there are comments from the public listeners which can add value to the Government proposal of rebuilding the Uganda Railway and also ease travel movements for tourists from one country to the other and from one destination to the other. In terms of railway technology, the government should not go the British way but the French one. The French have the best and most efficient railway transport system in the world.uganda safaris adventures For example in some cities Lyon and Marseille are connected by the TGV (High velocity trains). Marseille which is about 780 km from Paris is only 3hrs. Imagine traveling from Mombasa to Kampala at that speed? So Mr. Government is advised to get the best technology around and not be blinded by colonial fidelity. bwindi gorilla trek The British are "out" when it comes to trains.

This can make travel very easy and it can reduce traffic congestion since there other transport alternatives which move at the same pace like others. Therefore for any person traveling or hopping to visit East Africa, transport shouldn’t be your worry.

Norway to support Eco-Tourism sites Conservation in Uganda trough Tree planting. masai mara safari

It is a surprising fact that Uganda has excellent growing conditions to support commercial tree growth. With good management and the adoption of intensive silvicultural practices, growth rates can match the best in the world and timber plantations can offer a solid return on investment. queen elizabeth safari This is due to the reason that Uganda has substantial areas of land suitable for timber plantations as shown by the silvicultural map of Uganda. This land is either in CFRs or is privately owned land. Long-term leases for tree planting are available in many CFRs: the first licenses for tree planting were issued by the NFA in mid 2005. Potential investors must realize, however, that the areas are more suited to pines than Eucalypts, being in hotter, drier areas. gorilla safaris in bwindi


Additionally, it was estimated that on average in Uganda it will cost around Ushs1.5 M per hectare (US$ 730) to establish a plantation. This cost covers all expected costs up to canopy closure (i.e. when the trees canopies in adjacent rows touch and shade out the ground vegetation) - which is around 3 years with Pinus caribaea, gorilla trekking bwindi 1-2 years with E. grandis. Costs will differ significantly on different sites and also depending on the supervision and level of skills of the labour. Other factors that can influence establishment costs are the scale of the planting, the level of mechanizations and the timing and frequency of key operations especially weeding. Within less than two years private planters learning quickly learning from their mistakes and they have real improved in the tree planting field.

However, due to the Uganda potential of planting trees the Norwegian Private Forest Growers (NORSKOG) has signed a partnership with the Uganda Timber Growers Association (UTGA) to support commercial timber growing with the aim of protecting forests which will conserve the natural beauty of Uganda hence promoting the Uganda’s Tourism Sector as the conservation saying goes “leave nothing, bwindi gorilla tracking safari uganda Touch nothing when you visit a destination.

The partnership was signed by NORSKOG director Arne Rora and the UTGA chairman, Robert Nabanyumya in Mpigi on Friday.
Rora said that the partnership was aimed at developing UTGA for the provision of services to the private and public sectors for sustainable management and utilization of plantation forests.

According to Nabanyumya, the association’s objective is to make quality products that are acceptable on the international market.
He also added on and said the association supplied improved seedlings to its members and lobbied for information, experience on tree growing, and advocacy for better land tenure security.

During the function, Norwegian ambassador Bjorg Leite said Uganda, being part of the global warming regions, needed to encourage more timber growers to protect forests.
“People can use this project to earn some money,” she added.kenya uganda safari

Leite lamented that more than half of Uganda’s forests had been cleared thus affecting climate, tourism and wildlife. There fore, the tourism industry is likely to benefit a lot from this partnership since it promotes conservation for eco-tourism sites like National parks and forest reserves. fishing safari uganda

                  

True Uganda

Many people think of Africa as one country and those that know Uganda know it because of Idi Amin, HIV and AIDS, and Civil War. Truthfully speaking, there are people who haven’t even heard about the existence of Uganda. Uganda safaris

In July this year I had friends who were coming to Uganda for Charity. Everything was set for them so I though they needed not to worry about anything. I was shocked when I received a mail from them asking me very many question just to be sure that they are safe. uganda safari prices

They wanted to know whether they needed to carry beddings, plates, whether the house where they were going to stay had any windows and Doors. This is because only bad news is news. The good news never reaches the outside world. gorilla safari uganda
What you hear about Uganda is that only deadly diseases make up Uganda. Every insect in Uganda gives you a different disease! The mosquito gives you malaria; the tsetse fly gives you sleeping sickness. Not only insects do harm you. The freshwater snail gives you bilharzia. And if the yellow and dengue fever don’t get you, Aids or any other disease will for sure. gorilla safari rwanda


Uganda has got extraordinary natural richness and cultural diversity, as well as the talents and abilities of the people - all bestowed as a gift to the world. “Nature " is seen as the giver of Uganda’s uniqueness- dependent on human protection to preserve its uniqueness for future generations. gorilla tours uganda Uganda is a beautiful country where lovely, polite, and incredibly humorous people are not so different from other people in other countries. gorilla trekking rwanda

Uganda is home to many of God’s greatest creations. Uganda’s unrivalled collection of protected areas, endless lakes, rivers, waterfalls and wetlands makes it a lush tropical haven. Sprawling across both sides of the equator, a network of 10 National Parks and several other protected areas offers you a thrilling opportunity to experience Uganda’s biodiversity. tanzania safaris

Uganda is one of the continent's most beautiful countries, boasting a wide variety of scenery, culture and wildlife.kenya safari packages

Its reputation as 'Africa's friendliest country' is not only accredited to its likeable people, but also to its redevelopment as an eco-friendly environment, with the enlightened management of 10 national parks, and its introduction of eco-tourism projects, adventure sports and unique gorilla-trekking opportunities that have put the country as a gift to the World. masai mara safari kenya

Promotion of Uganda at international level is required because there is little understanding of a true Uganda.

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          River Musamya a victim of drought and encroachment        

River Musamya is famously known as “Gold for Bugerere” by residents and native of Kayunga and Mukono because of its numerous values is on the verge of extinction due to encroachment by area residents.Primate safari rwanda


This river is a tributary of River Ssezibwa, it passes through the districts of Mukono and Kayunga to Lake Kyoga. Until 2006 when the river almost dried up due to the long drought, River Musamya was acting as a water catchment’s area and a source of water for irrigation and domestic use for people who live along it. Gorilla trekking uganda bwindi

According to the Kayunga District environment officer, Mr Patrick Musaazi, River Musamya Wetland was among the few areas where the crested crane is found. It was also a source of medicinal plants and raw materials like papyrus for making crafts. Above all, it was a habitat for many rare birds and animals. gorilla trekking rwanda volcanoes safari

Today, the residents from the near by villages which is a big blow to the tourism industry and the falling crest crane numbers.Queen Elizabeth safari


          Rhinos - Uganda        

By the Uganda safari reporter

Uganda is blessed once again in a row, after the Lions received early this year there is yet another contribution to our rich wildlife from our Kenya Wildlife partners. Kenya is to move some of its Rhinos to 4 countries of Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, and Rwanda in an effort to conserve the huge creatures. Kenya is blessed with 603 of the 709 rhinos in eastern Africa and Tanzania has almost all the remaining rhinos.gorilla safaris uganda

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Uganda lost a very significant number of its Rhinos to poaching and war in the 1970s and 80s. Like the White Rhino the black Rhino is also almost facing extinction which is the main reason why Kenya is distributing some among 4 neighboring countries to encourage rebreeding so that the Rhino populations can increase.


Uganda has a few black rhinos and only 2 white rhinos at UWEC that were imported from South Africa in the Early 2000. This is a very boosting gesture from Kenya because it will increase chances of the Black Rhino’s survival in Uganda.

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This conservation strategy will help in protecting the Rhinos in case of an epidemic in one country and is also aimed at increasing Rhino number to 3,000 Rhinos by 2039. With such projects coming up there is hope for our wildlife’s survival for many generations to come.

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Useful Links: Forex Bureau in Kampala
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          Bigodi a Million Dollar Swamp        

Bigodi is a swamp like any other swamp any where the world over, this swamp that has proved to be people’s sources of livelihood is found in Kibale.

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Many swamps in Uganda have been destroyed by selfish individuals looking at using them for personal gains and as a result the community and the nation at large end up at a loss.

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But this is not the case in Kibale, just next to Kibale Forest National Park is this Swamp called Bigodi, The name Bigodi is derived from a Rutooro word, kugodya, which means to walk unenthusiastically. It is said that when travelers reached Bigodi on foot, they were always too tired to continue into the forest thus resting there.

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Convincing the Bigodi natives to embark on the tourism initiative was not very easy as the elders thought that their sons were planning to rip them of their swamp. This was back in 1992 when the foundation of the now flourishing Bigodi swamp project was dug.

Bigodi wetland is an important area of biodiversity. It hosts eight species of primates and over 200 bird species. The most popular bird for tourists to view is the Great Blue Turaco (Corythaeola Cristata). The most common tree species are wild palm, rubber and fig trees and rafia palm which are widely used in making handicrafts. Some of the primates include; the ever elusive Sitatunga bushpig, Bushbuck, Otter Mongoose, Civet Cat and Chimpanzee

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As we talk now the locals are reaping millions of shillings every year from the swamp. It is a tourist site which has significantly improved their livelihood, for this they have a Shs150m Bigodi Secondary School constructed out of the revenue from the project. Added to the Secondary school is a nursery school, bridges, a road and many more business projects that have resulted from the swamp project.

Families have put up accommodation businesses in their homes, craft stalls and groups have come up, and some farmers sell their fresh produces (fruits & vegetables) to the lodges and the tourists which provide them with ready markets. Many of the families in Bigodi have also benefited from sponsorships given to some disadvantaged families by some generous tourists.

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The same swamp produces raw materials for the women group works which they make out of raffia and phoenix palm leaves. They also get color for their products last touches from the swamp, thanks to the Swamp project. They even export their products to Europe.

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Thanks to the good management of the project by Kafred, the locals are supportive of the swamp tourism activities because their children are getting an education and some are even employed by Kafred and the Kibale National Park. Poaching has even stopped because the poachers themselves have turned into guides, who take tourists around through the swamp and the village for community walks.
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This project is encouraging conservation that it has bought an extra-four-acre piece of land to make the primates inside the swamp feel comfortable and also to get the local population live at a distance from the swamp. If other communities that neighbor swamps would adopt such strategies like this one then our wildlife would be

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          Laws Too Little, Too Late to Save Ugandan Girl From Rape        
Despite her community’s belief to the contrary, “divorce does not cause rape, rapists cause rape,” writes Ugandan teen Moureen Kisakye.
          How a MiFi really works, why and how to buy one        

smile uganda 4g lte mifiMiFi short for Mobile WiFi  or My Wi-Fi, the MiFi has become the ultimate device most […]

The post How a MiFi really works, why and how to buy one appeared first on Dignited.


          SmileFlexy is Smile Uganda’s new daily data bundles        

smile uganda mifi4When your data has run out or you are low on cash, you can still […]

The post SmileFlexy is Smile Uganda’s new daily data bundles appeared first on Dignited.


          Introducing Vodafone Uganda’s Power Pack Bundles; all you need to know.        

Vodafone Uganda has introduced a new internet bundle called the Power Pack Bundle. According to […]

The post Introducing Vodafone Uganda’s Power Pack Bundles; all you need to know. appeared first on Dignited.


          Meet Vodafone Uganda’s Xiaomi Redmi 4A smartphone: specs, features, price + our first impressions        

Summary The Xiaomi Redmi 4A is a good performance mid range device from Vodafone Uganda. […]

The post Meet Vodafone Uganda’s Xiaomi Redmi 4A smartphone: specs, features, price + our first impressions appeared first on Dignited.


          Shop & Ship by Aramex lets you shop from 18 global locations and ship to Uganda        

As online shopping gains traction in Uganda, we have seen multiple players get in to […]

The post Shop & Ship by Aramex lets you shop from 18 global locations and ship to Uganda appeared first on Dignited.


          Hippo teeth reveal environmental change        

Loss of megaherbivores such as elephants and hippos can allow woody plants and non-grassy herbs and flowering plants to encroach on grasslands in African national parks, according to a new University of Utah study, published Sept. 12 in Scientific Reports. The study used isotopes in hippopotamus teeth to find a shift in the diet of hippos over the course of a decade in Uganda's Queen Elizabeth National Park following widespread elephant poaching in the 1970s.

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          Uganda: referendum on going to multiparty system        
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          IQ, exaggeration, and overrepresentation        
Sargon‏ @Sargon_of_Akkad
Has the alt right come to terms with the fact the Jews are just better than they are?

Greg Matusow @gregmatusow
sounds like something a jew would say

Sargon‏ @Sargon_of_Akkad
Sounds like something a race realist who depends on IQ scores to say, you mean.

Supreme Dark Lord‏ @voxday
Your metric is incorrect, Sargon. First, there are 48 high-IQ Han, 11 high-IQ Europeans, and 5 high-IQ Japanese for every high-IQ Jew.

Sargon‏ @Sargon_of_Akkad
Of course, but that's only because of population size.

Supreme Dark Lord‏ @voxday
Obviously. But you cannot claim they are not overrepresented in X because intelligent when there are 64 more intelligent non-Jews per Jew.

Supreme Dark Lord‏ @voxday
Second, average Jewish IQ is only 98, not 115.
Israel IQ = 95
Arab IQ (22.7%) = 84
Jewish IQ (77.3%) = 98
Now, it occurred to me that while I knew the oft-heard claim of a 115 average IQ for Jews was a misleading substitution of a subset for the set, and I had also observed that the claim was almost certainly an exaggeration in light of the average Israeli IQ of 95, I'd never actually run the numbers. The first thing was to update the population percentages according to the latest Israeli demographics, which currently has the Jewish population at 75 percent and the non-Jewish population at 25 percent.

This resulted in an average Israeli Jewish population IQ of 98.7 percent, slightly higher than my original calculation. Now, the Ashkenazi are 47.5 percent of the Israeli Jewish population, which means that if their average IQ is 115, the majority of the Jewish population of Israel has an average IQ of only 83.7, which is TWO standard deviations lower, and is also lower than the average IQs of Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan, as well as Nigeria, Uganda, and the Israeli-Arab population.

Does that strike you as likely? No, me neither.

There is one Israeli study that found the difference between Ashkenazi and non-Ashkenazi Jews in Israel to be 14 points. This would indicate an average Ashkenazi IQ of 106 and a non-Ashkenazi IQ of 92. This is considerably more credible, especially since it also happens to align with a number of studies on Ashkenazi IQ. Given that 74 percent of the global Jewish population is Ashkenazim, that means that the average Jewish IQ is 102.4.

So, average Jewish IQ is not particularly high, but is slightly higher than the European average, and considerably higher than the current US average, which I calculate to be around 95 and falling. Which, of course, is why high average intelligence is an inadequate explanation for the historical Jewish success in 20th-century America, as their level of comparative success is declining even as the IQ delta grows.
          Le Tour du Monde des Garages et des Ménestrels (7) : Kenya        
Après plus de deux années de pause, le Tour du Monde des Garages et des Ménestrels reprend sa route. Le périple, qui nous a fait partir du Japon, puis traverser la Chine, l'Indonésie, l'Inde, la Turquie, le Yémen et l'Éthiopie aborde aujourd'hui le Kenya. Mille remerciements au Docteur Nikki Mod, éminent africaniste qui a une fois de plus apporté sa contribution à la rédaction de l'article.



Daudi Kabaka

Musicien emblématique de la jeune nation kenyane, Daudi Kabaka naquit pourtant en Ouganda, en 1939, année au cours de laquelle s'éteignait Daudi Cwa II, «Kabaka» de Buganda, c'est-à-dire souverain du royaume. C'est en hommage au défunt roi que notre homme prit pour nom de scène Daudi Kabaka

Suivant son père à Nairobi, il entra en 1959 chez East African Records, label-groupe-studio qui prendra par la suite le nom d'Equator Sound. Réunissant plusieurs des meilleurs musiciens d'Afrique de l'est, cette structure enregistra plusieurs succès avec Daudi Kabaka à la guitare, développant un style chaloupé que l'on ne tarda pas à qualifier de «Twist africain». Chanté par Peter Tsotsi et Nashil Pichen (tous deux d'origine zambienne), le très joli «Pole Musa» donne une idée de ce qui pouvait faire danser Nairobi dans les années 60.

Le «tube» de Daudi Kabaka reste cependant «Harambee Harambee», composé avec Fadhili William. Faisant écho au slogan lancé en 1963 par Jomo Kenyatta, premier ministre de la toute jeune nation kenyane («Harambee» se traduisant grossièrement par «Joignons nos forces»), Kabaka signa un véritable hymne national diffusé inlassablement sur Voice of Kenya, la radio nationale. Pour l'anecdote, le chanteur répète plusieurs fois «Hakuna Matata», dicton popularisé par le dessin animé du Roi Lion. Car oui, sachez-le, il s'agit-là d'une expression swahilie signifiant «Il n'y a pas de problème» ; ce qui permet de déduire l'origine kenyane de Simba, Timon, Pumbaa et de tout le bestiaire du célèbre film d'animation.




Kakai Kilonzo et les Kilimambogo (Brothers)

Originaire de la tribu des Kamba, Kakai Kilonzo naquit en 1954 au pied du mont Kilimambogo (aussi appelé Ol Donyo Sabuk), montagne sacrée sur laquelle les dieux venaient séjourner lorsqu'ils n'étaient pas sur le Mont Kenya. Du moins y vivaient-ils jusqu'à l'arrivée du célèbre Sir Lord William Northrup Macmillan (1872-1925), ancien soldat américain anobli par la reine d'Angleterre. Attiré par la chasse aux grands fauves et proche ami de Theodore Roosevelt (qu'il accueillit deux fois pour lui faire découvrir les joies du safari), Macmillan entreprit l'exploitation des terres sauvages qui s'étendaient autour de la montagne sacrée, ouvrant la voie aux cultures d'ananas qui font aujourd'hui la réputation de la région.

Tour à tour berger puis travailleur agricole dans ces plantations d'ananas, Kakai Kilonzo apprit à jouer sur des guitares monocordes qu'il fabriquait lui-même à partir de boîtes en étain. Sa virtuosité n'ayant pas son pareil pour faire danser les foules, il put enregistrer un premier simple en 1974 («Kaylo kyakwa na Mary»), disque qui rencontra un succès immédiat.

Kakai et ses Kilimambogo Brothers jouirent d'une immense notoriété dans tout le Kenya, dès lors qu'ils adoptèrent le kiswahili (langue nationale) pour leurs chansons (le kamba, leur langue maternelle, étant moins usité). La population aimait en effet à entendre ses paroles empreintes d'humour, qui n'hésitaient pas toutefois à aborder des sujets politiques. Kakai composa ainsi en 1978 un hymne à la gloire du nouveau président Daniel Arap Moi («Fuata Nyayo» / «Suivez mes pas»), puis un hymne patriotique («Kenya inchi yangu») avant de dénoncer la tentative de coup d'état de 1982. L'adoption du kiswahili souligne quoi qu'il en soit la fibre nationaliste de Kakai Kilonzo et sa volonté de se faire la voix du Kenya plutôt que celle des seuls Kamba (certaines de ces chansons étant par ailleurs interprétées dans d'autres langues kenyanes telles que le dholuo ou le gikuyu). Cet élément n'était pas anodin dans un pays qui venait seulement d'acquérir son indépendance (en 1963) et qui devait encore construire son identité nationale.

L'idole de la musique populaire kenyane s'éteignit malheureusement assez jeune, de maladie, en 1987, laissant une kyrielle de chansons enjouées et exécutées avec maestria.
 


Le Victoria Jazz Band

Musicalement parlant, Kakai Kilonzo et ses Kilimambogo Brothers apparaissent comme les figures de proue de la Pop Kamba qui elle même s'apparente au Benga, style kenyan né du croisement entre la danse cubaine, la rumba congolaise et la musique jouée par différente tribus kenyanes (en particulier les Luo). Le Benga se caractérise pas des lignes ultra-rapides de guitare, aigües et entraînantes, posées sur une basse puissante, chargée de faire danser les foules.

L'apparition de ce style musial chez les Luo n'est pas un hasard : tribu située la plus à l'ouest du Kenya, sur les bords du lac Victoria, elle a été directement au contact de la foisonnante musique d'Afrique centrale (notamment congolaise). Mais tout ceci fera l'objet d'un prochain article.

Emmené par Ochieng Nelly Mengo et Collela Mazee, le Victoria Jazz Band fit partie des principaux représentants du Benga dans les années 70. Ses musiciens, comme beaucoup, apprirent à jouer sur des instruments qu'ils avaient eux-mêmes confectionnés, parfois en cachette. Collela Mazee expliquait ainsi qu'il était mal vu de jouer de la musique dans son entourage et qu'après avoir joué avec ses amis sur le chemin de l'école, il lui fallait dissimuler son instrument pour ne pas se faire punir par ses parents. La mauvaise qualité du son sur le morceau «Dominic Kasera» ne rend malheureusement pas justice au talent du groupe.



Les Kalambya Sisters

Autres représentants du Benga, les Kalambya Boys (emmenés par Onesmus Musyoki) jouaient soit seuls, soit en support des Kalambya Sisters. Ces dernières connurent un grand succès avec «Katelina», morceau sorti en 1983 sur un label allemand (Zensor) et qui eut droit à quelques écoutes sur des radios européennes.







Sukuma Bin Ongaro

Terminons notre sélection par un musicien originaire de la tribu des Luyha, à l'ouest du pays : Sukuma Bin Ongaro et son jeu de guitare proprement stupéfiant. Difficile de ne pas remuer les pieds et les épaules, entraîné que l'on est par ces grappes de notes sautillantes.

♫ Sukuma Bin Ongaro - Mukamba leya
(morceau numérisé par l'auteur du blog Likembe)


Cet article ne prétend évidemment pas brosser un portrait fidèle de ce qu'est la musique kenyane dans toute sa diversité et sa richesse. Premièrement, car il évoque essentiellement le Twist africain et le Benga, deux styles qui ne sauraient couvrir le spectre complet de la production nationale. Et même s'il est toujours en vogue, le Benga doit composer aujourd'hui avec la concurrence du R'n'B, très populaire parmi les jeunes générations. Deuxièmement, et il s'agit-là d'un poncif, la musique kenyane ne peut s'appréhender véritablement qu'en concert, et en étant au Kenya. Son but premier étant de faire danser le public dans les clubs ou dans les fêtes, nous ne saurions la comprendre sans en partager l'atmosphère.

Ce caractère récréatif ne doit cependant pas occulter l'importance des messages politiques et sociaux véhiculés ces dernières décennies par ces véritables «ménestrels» modernes. Dans un pays traversé depuis 50 ans par des tensions violentes ou couvées, la musique a pu être, à certaines périodes, l'un des rares supports permettant d'exprimer des messages politiques à l'encontre du pouvoir en place ou des élites.

Ces messages prenaient parfois un caractère imagé, sous forme de récits attachés au quotidien et au vécu des musiciens (conflits familiaux, relations hommes / femmes, dangers de la grande ville, attachement à sa région d'origine et à ses coutumes, etc.). Certains musiciens n'hésitaient toutefois pas à véhiculer des messages plus explicites par le biais de chroniques relatant les élections ou les différents soubresauts politiques du pays (coup d'état, assassinat, etc.).

Un Européen ne peut donc saisir toutes les subtilités de la musique kenyane ; à moins d'avoir vécu au pays, de connaître son histoire et d'en parler les différentes langues. Mais, rassurez-vous, il n'est pas nécessaire d'être africaniste ou africain pour pouvoir l'apprécier.





          Did The Uganda Music Awards Go To The Right Winners?        

The Uganda Music Awards (TUMA) is the premier Ugandan Music award to recognize and celebrate outstanding achievement, performance and contribution to the Uganda music industry. Last Friday the 4th of August the long awaited and much hyped first edition of these awards was finally held at Kampala Serena Hotel. Ugandan artistes, dancers and producers were […]

The post Did The Uganda Music Awards Go To The Right Winners? appeared first on Chano8.


          Photos: The Best Of The Uganda Music Awards 2017        

The first ever edition of the The Uganda Music Awards (TUMA2017) finally took place at Kampala Serena Hotel’s Victoria Hall last Friday night the 4th of August, As early as 6:30 PM, the event was started off with a red carpet session which got the revellers’ attention through posing for photos and interacting with celebrities […]

The post Photos: The Best Of The Uganda Music Awards 2017 appeared first on Chano8.


          A Broader View got a 3rd grant        

A Broader View got a 3rd grant that will benefit our programs in Bulenga Uganda. This grant is for US$30.000 and its from the Cameroon and Jane Baird Foundation of Buffalo, New York. The grant will be used for the construction of a classroom at the orphanage, the installation of solar electricity system for the […]

The post A Broader View got a 3rd grant appeared first on Volunteer Abroad News.


          Cameron & Jane Baird Foundation awarded $5,000        

November 2013, Bulenga, Uganda:  A Broader View is happy to report that the Cameron and Jane Baird Foundation awarded a grant of $5,000 to benefit ABV’s Bulenga Uganda solar light project. The name of this solar project is: Let There Be Light Bulenga Campaign. The program is focused on getting hot, dangerous, smokey kerosene lanterns […]

The post Cameron & Jane Baird Foundation awarded $5,000 appeared first on Volunteer Abroad News.


          India ranks 130th in Human Development Index: UNDP        

New Delhi: The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in its latest report has placed India`s Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2014 at 0.609, as the country climbed five spots to 130 in a list of 188 countries and territories.

Between 1980 and 2014, India`s HDI value increased from 0.326 to 0.609 -- an increase of 68.1 percent or an average annual increase of about 1.54 percent.

The HDI is a summary measure of assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development -- long and healthy life, access to knowledge and decent standard of living.

"India loses 28.6 percent HDI due to inequalities, largely due to inequalities in education (42.1 percent). Among BRICS, South Africa has the highest loss due to inequalities at 35 percent and lowest is for Russia at 10.5 percent," said a note circulated with the report.

On the Gender Inequality Index (GII), India ranks 130 out of 155 countries with a value of 0.563.

The GII reflects gender-based inequalities in three dimensions -- reproductive health, empowerment and economic activity.

The 2015 Global Human Development report by UNDP, named "Work for Human Development", was released on Monday in Ethiopia.

The report encourages governments to look beyond jobs to consider the many kinds of work such as unpaid care, voluntary or creative work that are important for human development.

As per the report, 2 billion people have moved out of low human development levels in the last 25 years.

The report shows that providing universal social protection in India could cost an estimate 4 percent of GDP.

Between 2000 and 2010, the number of direct jobs in information and communications technology in India jumped from 284,000 to more than 2 million.

As per the data provided in the report, only 39 percent of women in India were internet users compared to 61 percent of men in 2013.

The report cites that off-grid solar photovoltaic technologies will generate 90 direct and indirect jobs per megawatt in India.

For India, unpaid work, predominantly performed by women, is estimated at 39 percent of GDP.

It further stated that India`s workforce participation of women is declining -- from 35 percent in 1990 to 27 percent in 2013.

In 38 countries, including India, Pakistan, Mexico and Uganda, 80 percent women were unbanked.

Globally, 74 million youth were unemployed. In India, over 10 percent of youth were unemployed, the report says.

Haoliang Xu, assistant administrator and director of UNDP`s Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific, said: "The availability and quality of work are key for human development in Asia and the Pacific, a region that is home to two-thirds of the world`s working-age population.

"In order to ensure that the work-force is capable of adapting to rapidly changing demands, the governments need to make strategic investments into education and health care."

Commending the Indian government for its leadership role in the design and adoption of the Sustain Development Goals, Yuri Afansasiev, UN resident coordinator and UN resident representative in India, said: "With national development programmes like the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Skill India, Digital India, and Make in India in place, the government of India is on a strong footing for the SDGs.

"A greater focus on work, especially for women and youth will undoubtedly ensure success in the achievement of Agenda 2030."

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          Ouganda: Google amène le Wi-Fi public        

Le géant américain Google a installé 120 hotzone, zones Wi-fi,  à Kampala la capitale ougandaise. Il s’agit d’offrir aux population de la capitale ougandaise un accès public à Internet rapide, de qualité et à faible coût. Le groupe américain envisage d’élargir le nombre de ces hotzone à travers 300 zones Wi-fi supplémentaires à déployer à travers le […]

Cet article Ouganda: Google amène le Wi-Fi public est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          MTN fait dans l’évasion fiscale en Afrique        

Les filiales du groupe télécom sud-africain MTN, en Côte d’Ivoire, au Ghana, au Nigeria et et en Ouganda, d’évasion fiscale sont accusé par une enquête de « Finance Uncovered », un réseau de journalistes issus de plus de 55 pays à travers le monde. « Finance Uncovered » révèle qu’entre 2003 et 2009, MTN Ouganda […]

Cet article MTN fait dans l’évasion fiscale en Afrique est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Sécurité télécom : Le Kenya veut renforcer la collaboration en Afrique de l’est        

Des criminels profitent du laxisme de  l’Ouganda, du Burundi et du Rwanda, en matière de contrôle des opérateurs et des abonnés télécoms pour commettre des forfaits au Kenya. Selon les explications en fin de semaine lors de la rencontre des représentants du secteur des télécommunications des Etats membres du Northern Corridor Infrastructure à Nairobi au […]

Cet article Sécurité télécom : Le Kenya veut renforcer la collaboration en Afrique de l’est est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Sophie's Choice for Communities: Sacrificing Land Rights to Gain Security        

Sophie's Choice for Communities: Sacrificing Land Rights to Gain Security

More than 3,000 indigenous people recently marched outside Congress in Brasilia, protesting encroachment on their ancestral lands and the taking of their natural resources. They were met by riot police and pushed back by tear gas. The Brazilian government argues that it is committed to protecting indigenous lands, but it has yet to officially demarcate, register and document many of their territories – which effectively deprives tribal members of their legal rights.

This incident highlights a global problem. Around the world, Indigenous Peoples and other communities seek formal recognition of their land to help prevent it from being taken away by more powerful outsiders. But there's another side to this issue that offers these communities a troubling "Sophie's choice": In getting their land officially registered and documented, communities oftentimes lose some of their rights to use it.

Bundles of Land Rights

More than half of the world's land is held by communities, yet only about 20 percent of it is formally recognized by governments as belonging to them. Much of the remaining 80 percent is held solely under customary institutions and rules. For generations, these traditional arrangements provided tenure security, but today, many families and communities are losing their land to local elites and foreign investors, often with the support of governments.

The registration and documentation of land rights with the government can help communities protect their lands. Yet while most governments grant private property owners a large "bundle of rights" to their land—including rights of access, exclusion, management, alienation and withdrawal (Box 1)—these same rights are usually not afforded to communities. In a Rights and Resources Institute study of 59 indigenous and community land tenure types across 27 countries, only 5 percent included the full bundle of rights. In many countries, the law does not recognize community land and does not establish a process to register this land.

Recognizing only small bundles of rights can limit the use of community land and jeopardize local livelihoods. Without exclusion rights, for example, communities can't protect their lands from unwelcome intruders interested in extracting valuable trees or hunting wildlife. Without full withdrawal rights, communities cannot use their land for commercial purposes, jeopardizing livelihoods and potential sources of income. Without alienation rights, communities can't lease their land to outsiders, limiting their ability to compete with private property holders.

Table 1 shows the situation in Latin America. In these six Amazon Basin countries, the principal tenure type of indigenous land does not provide the five critical land rights; only access and management rights are granted to all six tenure types, while four countries provide exclusion rights. All types grant withdrawal rights, but for subsistence purposes only. Withdrawal rights for commercial purposes requires a separate procedure, including the development of a government-approved management plan. Five of the six tenure types do not include alienation rights.

Table 1. The Bundle of Land Rights for Indigenous Peoples in the Amazon

A Better Way

Governments grant communities small bundles of rights for several reasons, but many do so to protect them from making "poor" decisions, such as leasing or selling their land to outsiders or logging their forests for short-term gains. Essentially, governments do not believe that Indigenous Peoples and communities can manage their lands well. Denying rights is preferred to regulating rights. This paternalistic approach must change if communities are to take charge of their own development.

There is a better way - one that grants communities the same large bundles of rights over their land as private property holders while also promoting sound land use and management. Many governments have a long history of effectively using incentives and regulations to promote sound land use and management on privately held land. In Ecuador, for instance, the government provides direct monetary incentives to landowners who protect native forest and other ecosystems on their lands. And in the United States, the government provides tax breaks to landowners who establish conservation easements on their property.

Governments have also enacted regulations that limit or restrict certain land uses. In Uganda, the National Policy for the Conservation and Management of Wetland Resources prohibits the draining of wetlands and farming on river banks to protect the environment. And Kenya's Agriculture Act gives the government the authority to issue land preservation orders to prohibit clearing of private land for cultivation, grazing livestock on private land, and burning or destroying vegetation. The government can also require the reforestation of private land and undertake drainage works.

These approaches have worked on privately held land, and are far more respectful of Indigenous Peoples and communities than granting them small bundles of land rights. Most importantly, they do not force communities to forfeit important land rights for the promise of tenure security.


          Short Uganda Safaris.        
African Adventure Travellers is a Ugandan Tours and Travel Agent specialising in short and long day's Safaris.
          Let them abuse our boys or else post of the day        
The PC professors in a US political site insist that since the US diplomats haven't been successful in pushing "gay rights" on Africa, that our multinational corporations should do it too.


Many global companies adopt an “Embassy” approach, enforcing pro-LGBT policies on local campuses so as to create a safe space in LGBT-unfriendly jurisdictions while helping promote greater tolerance in the local culture. American Express, for example, enforces global anti-discrimination policies everywhere it has offices, effectively raising the bar in jurisdictions like India where those protections are absent. Some companies take a step further, adopting an “Advocate” approach that seeks to effect change in the host nation itself. Such advocacy can take many forms, ranging from direct lobbying to support for local advocacy to symbolic action. Barclays stepped up to discuss its concerns when Ugandan legislators sought the death penalty for homosexual acts; the enacted law, while still draconian, omitted that punishment.
 All of this ignores the "elephant in the room": male on male rape.

Uganda's law was blamed on "Evangelical Christians" by the US gay activists, never mind that most Ugandans who are Christians are Anglican or Catholic.

Ah, but what about history: The slave trade from the Muslim north where boys and men were routinely raped, the good old days of colonialism where the "problem sons" of England were sent to Africa; the practice of hiring men for factories/farm or mines but not making accomadations for their families (male dormatories are especially notorious). Boarding schools, where teachers can exploit kids. And the punishment of prisoners during the genocides of Idi Amin or nowadays by both the jihadis and the "lord's army" types?

read the report from DW (German news site)

Hillary pushed women's rights by insisting on taking female rape and sexual exploitation seriously, but no one in the US wants to recognize this problem.


          READING COMPREHENSION        

1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.

  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE


            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?

6. Authoritarian regime


            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?

7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?


10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
                                        1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.


  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?
6. Authoritarian regime

            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?
7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?
  
10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
        
              1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.






1.HATES CRIMES

The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.
Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes
The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.





1.    How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
2.    How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
3.    Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
4.    How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
5.    How many hate groups are there nationwide?
6.    What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
7.    How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
8.    Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
9.    What was the increase in hate groups last year?
10.    Who is Hillary Shelton?   


2.PILOT  ACCUSED

Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .
 Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"
Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.
Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"
1.    When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
2.    How long has he been held in jail?
3.    Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
4.    What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
5.    What did he hide in 1993?
6.    Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
7.    What are the conditions of his bail?
8.    What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
9.    Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?



3.BOSNIA INJURIES

On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .
NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.
In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"
 And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".


1.    How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
2.    Where were the two American soldiers inured?
3.    Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
4.    Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
5.    How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
6.    Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
7.    What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
8.    Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
9.    Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
10.    Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4.CLONE SYSTEM

Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?
Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid .
as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .
After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.
A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.


1.    What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
2.    What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
3.    What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
4.    Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
5.    What is the main problem of cloning system?
6.    What does Australian scientist claim?
7.    What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
8.    For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
9.    What is the specific with mitochondria??
10.    Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?
5.    ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.
The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 
 The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.
The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.
The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.
 The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.
1.    When did the car stolen?
2.    What was the lost property?
3.    What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.    What was the demand of political party?
5.    What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.    What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.    How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.    En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.    What was the monitor action on the scene?
10. what action did the local police take ?

    

6.    Authoritarian regime

President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.
"We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.
It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 
The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.
The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.
    The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.
      Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

1.    Which countries are called golden triangle country?
2.    Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
3.    What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
4.    Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
5.    What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
6.    Where is the international court of Justice located?
7.    why were the thousands of people jailed ?
8.    What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
9.    How many political prisoners were jailed?
 10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?


7.  GAMBLE

November 27, 2001
Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.
Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested  one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports . And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.
 Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.
 The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.
The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved. 
1.    How may gang members arrested?
2.    What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.    Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.    How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.    How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.    What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.    What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.    What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.    What were weapons confiscated.
        10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?


8.  EBOLA

Sunday, December 9, 2001
An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in
France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.    What did government request to Media?
2.    Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.    Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.    When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.    What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.    What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.    How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.    What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.    Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    

9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

    US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .
    There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country .
    It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.    Who is Taras?

10. THE UNITED NATION

The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states.
    After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs

1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat

                                        1. International court of justice.

    The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

    America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

    Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


11.  UN FAILURE IN BOSNIA

    A long -awaited report into the failure of a Dutch UN peacekeeping force to prevent the murder of thousands of Muslims in the Bosnian town of Brebrenica will be published on Wednesday. The Netherlands is bracing itself for the results of the inquiry in to the worst massacre in Europe since world War second. The
    BBC's Europe correspondent says Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for their part in event leading up to the 1995 slaughter. In July 1995, Srebrenica was being protected by 110 Dutch troops who were supposed to ensure the safety of the town's mainly Muslim population against surrounding Bosnian Serb forces. The United Nations had declared it a safe area but when it  was attacked, the town fill with out the Dutch UN troops firings shot . Up to 8000 Muslim men and boys were then murdered.

Five years of research

                  While the Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for letting the town fall without a fight , fault is also set to be found with the over all UN commander for failing to order air strikes to protect the enclave. The report is also understood to criticize the Dutch government for showing lack of political will. The 7000-pages report by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation is the official Dutch history of events in Srebrenica. It has taken more than five years to produce. In a 1999 report, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan blamed the international community for its failure to protect the enclave but insisted that it was impossible " to say whether a more decisive action by the Dutch would have saved lives" .A report two weeks ago by the Interchurch Peace Council ( IKV) in the Netherlands condemned Dutch troops, generals and politicians for failing to evacuate and protect the Muslims.

Scenes from hell

    The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague has ruled that the massacre was genocide. Last August it sentenced Bosnian Serb General Radisav Krstic, considered a key commander in the episode, to 46 years in prison. The judge in the case said the massacre was characterized by " scenes from hell, written on the darkest pages of human history" Survivors' reports, aerial photography and grisly evidence exhumed from mass graves indicate the most victims in the massacre were summarily executed ,Dutch MPs may now call for a public inquiry. Seven military commanders of Royal Dutch army have been sentenced to seven years jail . Ten army personnel have been fired from the service and 20 have been restricted from the promotion as per the report of the criminal tribunal.   The BBC's correspondent Mr. Havel Eastward has been facilitated by the Dutch Government as a friends of mankind . After the massacre in the Srebrenica the Dutch government begs pardon with the Bosnian people and saying that her troops could not do any thing to save the life of the people and she is responsible to the accident.


1. How many Dutch troops were protecting Srebrenica?
2. What ethnic group were the people of Srebrenica?
3. Why the Dutch government begs pardon with the people of Bosnia ?
4. How many people were killed in Srebrenica?
5. How many army personnel were punished?
6. Who is criticized in the report?
7. Where is the International Criminal Tribunal based?
8. Would more positive action by the Dutch troops have saved lives?
9    What sentence was General Krstic given?
10    Who was facilitated by the Dutch government and why?


12.  SWARM ATTACK

    Six people were hospitalized after they were attacked by a swarm of bees in Singapore, a news report said on Tuesday. The bees attacked contractors who were trying to remove a beehive in the tropical city-state .Two police officers who were on the scene to keep back the public, were among those attacked and hospitalized. Police public affairs officers could not immediately be contacted to confirm the report. The incident occurred at approximately 12:30PM on Tuesday afternoon. Two of the people who were injured in the attack were still in the hospital on Tuesday night at 10:00 PM; however they were in good condition. Such incidents are rare in heavily urbanized Singapore. But two years ago , a 51 years old taxi driver died after he was stung by a swarm bees .The driver was changing his back left tire and he removed the deflated tire , a beehive was in the wheel well . Witnesses said that the swarm covered the man's face and hands and repeatedly sting him as he cried out in pain .He died later that night while being hospitalized. Singapore is a very small country covered by the see in the east of Asia and known as a well industrialized country.
    The big industry installations have many nooks and corners where the swarm bees get shelters. firstly people do not care about it because it seems harmless and small in the beginning but after  a year it  appeared in large scale and bees become escort free so they undermine their stung so they try to destroy their hives and got stung and the result  become very adverse. The same accident happened in The US in 1990 when a farmer had gone to his farmhouse to clean the room , he saw that there is a bee hive in the ceiling of the room he thought it was full of honey , unfortunately it was poisonous  swarm bee's hive.  He collected his two sons and a black servant to take the honey . In the mean time when they lit a fire to fly the bees , the swarm bees started stung them . The younger son who was in the door side escaped from the room after having a look at the victims and called the police . The house got in to the gutter by the fire and three injured had been hospitalize in the city centre . The house owner Mr. Kally died during the medical treatment and two had been discharged after 2 weeks with swollen face and bruises for the whole life.  The same accident happened in Nepal too on 23 September 2002. The Raute , who are famous for honey hunter ,had tried to collect honey from the very steep hill near Manang District. they made rope ladder to climb the hill and with the aid of fire they started collecting the honey .
    It was a documentary program filmed by Scottish Director visualized to broadcast in Britain  by BBC. Al together there were 15 men. When the honey hunter was climbing down from the steep hill after the successful visualization of the film. Unfortunately, one of the hunters touched the bees hive. Due to the finished job, they did not prepare for next attack and they all were on very thin cloths and without cloves . Three among five hunters fall down from the cliff and died. Two were severely bitten by the bees were died on the way to hospital and ten crew members of the visualization  were admitted in the hospital and discharged after 2 weeks .  It is said that the bees seems so calm if they are not hurt and if anyone hurt their queen , they become so terrifying and take revenge from the hunter . The queen is the most powerful among the bees. if the queen of the bees  safely removed from the hive it will be so easy to get the honey from the hive   which is considered as medicine  in eastern countries . The working bees always follow the queen bee , if she abandon the hive silently , all the bees left the hive with out revenge. so if you want to get honey remove the queen tactically and calmly.
         
1.    How many people had been killed according to the passage.?
2.    How many people had been injured according to the passage?
3.    Where was the bees's hive in the taxi?
4.    Who was the authentic person to provide informations about injured police officers according to the passage.
5.    What had happened to the two Americans who escaped from the death?
6.    What is the ideal idea to get honey?
7.    What did the team doing in Manning District?
8.    How did the taxi driver killed?
9.    Where was the bees's hive in the room?
10.    Who is the most powerful in the hive?

13.  ARAFAT POLITICS
    Arafat is not the point. As Israelis and Palestinians use ever more lethal means against each other's civilians, the question being asked in Israel and the US is not how to end the occupation, but whether or not to end the career, or even the life, of Arafat. At the time of writing this coverage trend in early February 2002, in a further escalation Israeli tanks have confined Arafat in an area of 200m square in Ram Allah. And have destroyed the remainder of his helicopter fleet that it began to destroy on the attack of his compound on 3 December 2001.
    If Israel killed Arafat or sent in to exile, nothing would change. It seems almost absurd to have to point out that forcing millions of people to live for decades under hostile military rule with no end on sight inevitably produces violent resistance. Only a mind -set that steadfastly refuses to recognize this can become captivated by a lone figure who's real and imagined failings became a smoke screen that obscures the machinery that actually drives the conflict.
    If Israel truly seeks the moral high ground it invokes in the international arena, it should stop seeking a relative high ground whose only elevation stems from the weakness and failing of its historical enemies. Rather Israel should address the most obvious things it dies to perpetuate the conflict.
    The bottom line is that the single most identifiable factor that perpetuates the Israeli- Palestinian conflict in all its forms, both legitimate, is the Israeli military occupation that exists to protect the continuing Israeli colonization of the Gaza Strip and West Bank, including Jerusalem.
    Comparisons of Arafat with Bin Laden serve to legitimize Israel's continuing repression of the Palestinians and bear no reality to the dynamics that this particular conflicts, dynamics that Israel has played no small part in creating.
    Israel's killing of civilians is a form of terrorism. The United States  tacit support of Israel's so called retaliation in US support of terrorism .Although Israeli officials are occasionally note don record " apologizing" for the latest " accidental" death of a child , there comes a point -- after a year in which one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed were children and 50 percent of these children were killed for away from clashes- that it becomes imperative to note that Israel could always simply stop killing children , instead of merely apologizing for it.
    Israel's nightly shelling of Palestinian neighborhoods has accounted for one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed during the first year of the Second Intifada .  Israel's regular killing of innocent civilians including children as a "by product " of its ironically titled" targeted killings " of Palestinian activists most commonly with rockets fired from combat helicopters at these leader's vehicles while in cit streets offer more examples of the indiscriminate violence that characterizes 'terrorism' as most people understand the word.
    Following a series of suicide bomb attacks in February / March 1996, then Israeli President Weizmann bluntly described Israel's practice of using closure to turn Palestinian towns in to prisons for the entire population: "Sometimes, when you are searching for a needle in a haystack, you have to burn the haystack".
    Israel has been encouraged to carry out similar "retaliation" as in the case of the December 2001bombing, by the knowledge that the United States would not condemn it. America must refrain from "understanding" Israel's violence. This can only have the effect of encouraging the continued Israeli killing of innocent Palestinian civilians.

1.    How many Palestinian children have been killed this year?
2.    How many Palestinians have been killed during nightly shelling?
3.    Are children targeted by the Israelis?
4.    Who is Arafat compared to and why?
5.    Where is Arafat confined, and what size of area?
6.    How many people live under hostile military rule in Palestine?
7.    What is the question being asked in Israel and the US?
8.    Why is Israel not afraid to carry out retaliation attacks on Palestinians?
9.    What happened in 1996?
10.    What dies Israel do when it is faced with suicide bomb attacks?








14.  BUS LOOTED
    A bus, which started off in Kathmandu , at 5:30 PM , traveling to Biratnagar , was looted by some Indian dacoits, which had crossed the boarder in order to escape the authorities there. They had been in Nepal for at least a month and had been regularly stopping night buses and robbing the passengers of all their belongings as well as money.
    When the bus number Ba Ga 3987, first started off from Gongabu Bus Park there was a total of 30 passengers. Just near Thankot 3 more passengers got on. The journey was uneventful until they reached Muggling, where they stopped for dinner. Here, the bus conductor managed to find 4 more people wanting to travel to Biratnagar . After about half an hour stop for dinner, they set off again. At Bharatpur 2 of the passengers got off as they had only booked up to this point. The bus had to wait for about one hour as the engine had trouble and the driver had to fix it .After this they started  of again and had a short tea break at Hetauda where another 2 people got off and one got on.
    At about 2:00 PM in the morning, when most of the passengers were asleep, the driver suddenly stopped as there was a tree across the main road. The passengers all wake up as the bus had come to a sudden stop, and were all looking out of the windows. Two Indian men dressed in black were behind the fallen tree with country made rifles; at the same time 2 also came from the back and two on each side of the bus. At once they told all the passengers to come out of the bus and line up in front of the bus, even though it as a moonlight night, no body could make out the faces of the dacoits, and could tell only by the way they spoke that they were from India. Everybody was told to remove their watches, jewelries and to empty out their pockets and moneybags. One of the men colleted all this while the others told all the passengers to lie down with their faces facing down. During this time the dacoits all disappeared, as nobody wanted to follow them as they might get shot

1.    How many passengers were on the bus when it was robbed?

2.    How many dacoits were there in total?

3.    How long did they stop for dinner?

4.    Why did they stop a second time before the robbery?

5.    How did the passengers know that the dacoits were not Nepali?

5.    Where did the bus start first?

6.    How many got in the Baratpur?

7.    Why did the bus have to stop suddenly?

8.    How many we on the bus at Muggling?

9.    Although it was night time how could the passengers make out how many dacoits there were?  
15.    KOSOVO POLICE

    On Monday 17 March 2003 , at 0745 hours , two Kosovo Police Officers were on patrol duty in a police vehicle when they observed a white van type vehicle , license 496KS858 driving very fast. The officers stopped the white van type vehicle for questioning using their blue flash lights. When the driver stopped, the patrol team stopped five meters behind his vehicle, however the van did not turn off its engine. As the officers exited their vehicle, the drivers of the white van type vehicle sped away very quickly. The officers ran back to their vehicle and chased the white vehicle .They were driving on the road to the airport. The police vehicle was driving at almost 120 km/hour but was unable to catch up to the van. Suddenly, the van turned north on to an unpaved roadway. The officers continued the pursuit. The van drove for approximately a hundred meters more. There was a big hole by the side of the road which the van fell into as the driver had lost control of the van, then it rolled upside down into a deep ditch on the south side of the roadway at grid reference 184-846. The officers stopped their vehicle on the opposite side of the roadway and proceeded cautiously toward the offender's vehicle. When they were approximately two meters away form the white van type vehicle they could see that the offender was still in his vehicle but was not moving. There were no sign of blood or injury  to the offender .As the officers got closer they could see three bundles, approximately 35 cm by 20cm by 25cm in the rare cargo area of the vehicle . One of the bundles was ripped open and a dark green plant material was showing, the officers assumed that it was marijuana. The first officer proceeded to the front of the vehicle to check the physical condition to the driver. The offender was breathing but didn't respond to any of the officer's verbal commands.  The officer radioed for an ambulance and the offender was taken to the local hospital. The second officer searched the offender's vehicle and found another bundle under the front seat with a knife. The Knife was 20 cm long with old blood stains. There were no papers or registration found in the vehicle. All material were seized as evidence and taken to police station.

1.    What were the 2 officers doing at 0745 Hrs?
2.    Why did they ask the van to stop?
3.    What was their reason for stopping the van?
4.    At what distance behind did the police stop?
5.    How many bundles were seen?
6.    Approximately what speed was the van traveling when in pursuit?
7.    What did the officers assume it to be?
8.    Was the knife found before or after the suspect was taken to hospital?
9.    What distance did the van travel on the dirt road?
10.    How did the man crash the vehicle?
16.    GERMANY SOOTING

Germany was in shock yesterday after 19 years old, masked gunman shot 17 people, including two female students, before killing himself in a school massacre in the eastern city of Erfurt.
The black -clad gunman a recently - expelled student of the Gutenberg secondary school, burst into a classroom during an exam yesterday morning around 11 AM and started shooting with a pump action rifle mounted on his back. "He passed us in the corridor with out paying any attention and walked straight into the secretary's office and started shooting." He said. Witnesses said the gunman walked through the building, opening classroom doors and targeting staff, killing nine male teachers, four female teachers, a secretary and two female students all within minutes. Caretakers heard the shots and notified the local police. Two officers arrived on the scene and discovered two dead bodies in the entrance hall. Moments later the gunman appeared and opened fire, shooting dead one of the policemen. A special commando unit immediately surrounded the school, which has nearly 700 students. As the shooting continued, around 180 students were still trapped in the building. Commandos stormed the building shortly before noon and came upon what was described as terrible scenes. 'Bodies lay in the halls, in bathrooms and classrooms' said Mr.Rainer Grube, a police spokesman. The gunman, who had barricaded himself into a room, shot himself as officers approached. 'The gunman killed himself when he saw that there was no way out for him' said Mr., Grube.
    For the students trapped inside the building, their ordeals ended nearly three hours later when they were led, pale and shaking, out of the school to worried parents at the gate. They were all receiving counseling yesterday evening, while four people injured in the attack were brought to hospital. Police were last night still investigating students reports that there was a second gunman. They had no motive for the shootings yesterday evening. Friends of the as yet unidentified gunman described him as an intelligent student who was ' full of life' and often spoke of his wish to become famous. The massacre is one of the most violent attacks in German post -war history, and ranks alongside the 1996 school shooting in Dunblane and the 1999 massacre in Columbine , Arkansas. Yesterday evening Erfurt residents were in shock and German politicians speechless .
'We are stunned at this horrific crime. No explanation we could give would go far enough right now ' said the Chancellor, Mr. Gerhard Schroeder, expressing his sympathy for the families of the victims and the students who witnessed the attack. He ordered the German flag on the Reichstag in Berlin to flown to be flown at half mast. 'We are all in one room .One teacher is dead, we are crying.



1.    Which two other massacres are mentioned?
2.    How many people were injured in the attack?
3.    What time did the shooting start?
4.    What weapons were used?
5.    How many teachers were killed?
6.    Did the gunman target students?
7.     Who notified the police about the shooting?
8.    Who stormed the building and when?
9.    How many police men entered the building initially?
10.    How long it take to gunman to kill the people and was there only one gunman?



17.  DEAD BODY FOUND

Mr. John Edwards lives alone in his cottage in the southern part of Cambridge, UK. He was a retired officer who previously worked for the finance office which was based in London. He had been retired for 5 years now and spent most of his time in Cambridge. He had worked for 34 years and during that time lived in London. By the sides of his cottage, there was a husband and wife living who used to work for Mr. Edwards. The woman would cook his meals and the man would attend to the garden. Mr. Edwards had no close family or friends who would come to visit him regularly .On December 15 , 2002 ,Mr. Edwards was found dead in his study at 0700 hrs. His body was fund by the woman who did his cooking. She had informed the police when she had seen him lying on his desk at 0700hrs. All the doors were closed from the inside so the woman thought in quite suspicious so she looked through the window. This is when she saw Mr. Edwards at his desk. When the police arrived at 0730 hrs. They broke open the door and checked the body. Mr. Edwards was confirmed dead and his body sent for post mortem. By the side of the table there was a bottle and a letter which said that he was taking his life as he was fed up and didn't see any future in continuing. All these materials were sent to the police lab for the necessary testing. The reports all confirmed that Mr. Edwards did take the poison, traces of which were found in his blood and on his lips. On the latter, apart from Mr. Edward's finger prints, there were other prints found as well. When the police checked up they found that it belonged to the husband the woman who cooked for Mr. Edwards. The police found this very suspicious as the husband had said that he never came into the study at any time. The police brought the man in for questioning and under interrogation he at first denied that he had gone to the house ant any time. After 2 hours, he changed his story and said that he
          Musona nets hat-trick, Uganda edge Cape Verde        
Knowledge Musona celebrates his goal Ghana returned to goalscoring form as they opened their 2019 African Nations Cup Group F qualification campaign on Sunday with a crushing 5-0 home success over Ethiopia in Kumasi. Debutant Raphael Dwamena, who played this past season in the Swiss second-tier with FC Zurich, bagged a second half brace after veteran forward Asamoah Gyan had given the home side the lead with his 50th national team goal. The Black Stars' other strikes came from Turkey-based defender John Boye and 21-year-old Ebenezer...
          Chris Blattman on Chickens, Cash, and Development Economics        

poverty%20chickens.jpg Chris Blattman of the University of Chicago talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about whether it's better to give poor Africans cash or chickens and the role of experiments in helping us figure out the answer. Along the way he discusses the importance of growth vs. smaller interventions and the state of development economics.

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0:33

Intro. [Recording date: June 12, 2017.]

Russ Roberts: Today's episode is a little strange. It starts with the fact that a while back you wrote--not so long ago--you wrote an open letter to Bill Gates, a very wealthy man, reacting to his idea of giving poor people chickens--poor people in Africa--as a way to escape poverty. That open letter of yours to Bill Gates prompted a response from Lant Pritchett. And so, I interviewed Lant about the topic of how do we help the poor. And inevitably some of your arguments and points came into the conversation. So, I want to get your side of the story today on some of those issues and more broadly and more generally on how we should think about development. Let's start with Bill Gates's original idea. What was he suggesting, and how did you respond to it?

Chris Blattman: So, Gates and the Gates Foundation have a lot of big ideas; and this includes driving down financial transaction costs and tackling serious diseases. And generally terrific programs. One idea that Bill Gates has floated a few times in the last year is the idea that chickens are the future for Africa: basically, that they are very poor people who don't have a lot of income, and they are basically scrounging around a subsistence [?]. And, if we could give them chickens, they they'd be able to raise them. They could eat them, of course. But more importantly, they could sell them or they could sell the eggs, and make some extra money. And, this would make them much less poor: maybe they earned $2/day; maybe now they'll earn $4/day. Who really knows? And he called this one of the best investments we could make. Which is probably true to some extent, except what was unusual about his idea is that he envisioned perhaps 30% of Africans. So, this would be 300 million people raising these chickens rather than the existing number, which is maybe 5% of Africans--so, maybe 15 million people, for argument's sake.

Russ Roberts: And, you wrote this open letter. What did you say in that letter?

Chris Blattman: Well, I mean, so, you know, we share a common premise is that one of the reasons people are very poor is that they don't have the opportunity to engage in business: that it's actually not so hard for a lot of people to go from earning $1 a day to earning $2 a day or $2-$4 a day, or $5-$10 a day by starting up a small enterprise; and that the main thing stopping them from doing this is they don't have any capital. If they had capital, they wouldn't be poor. So, they don't have a lot of cash; they don't have a lot of assets; they don't have productive assets. And that could be tools, it could be buildings to build things in; that could be the raw materials, and the skills to build these things. It could be animals. A cow is an asset, or a form of capital; a chicken, or a bunch of chickens is. So, they don't have these things; and they generally don't have access to borrowing. And so, if they get access to capital, you often see people leap ahead and start businesses. So, I think we share this idea. And chickens probably aren't a bad--they aren't a terrible investment. I guess I--before Bill Gates, who is one of the most influential people in development--writes influential development letters--I think it's important to try to correct some possible problems. One is that it's not clear that anyone's going to actually make money if you suddenly go from 15 million to 300 million Africans producing--I think I've actually got my numbers wrong, actually: I'm not doing division and multiplication in my head.

Russ Roberts: It doesn't matter. It's a big [?] increase. And we're pretty sure that--

Chris Blattman: Yeah, 33%--a third of Africa.

Russ Roberts: That could affect the price of eggs. You know. Hypothetically.

Chris Blattman: Yeah. You know. I was surprised he made this argument because he's a very smart guy and he understands economics. So, this isn't a crazy idea: If a third of Africans start producing chickens and eggs, that the price of chickens and eggs are going to fall pretty fast. And there's probably limits to how many chickens and eggs people can eat. So, that's--it just struck me as an odd idea. And if it was some other organization saying, 'We're going to do this,' then I sort of roll my eyes. But when Bill Gates says he's going to do it, there's a good chance he's really going to try, and maybe succeed. So, it's not the best--not everyone should invest in the same thing. And then, of all the things people could invest in, it's not clear to me--and I think there's a lot of evidence pointing to the idea that: Chickens are a fine investment. But they are not necessarily a great investment. And so, why were folks [?] on giving people chickens? I don't know.

6:01

Russ Roberts: But, I thought your real point was: If we gave them money, they'd be free to buy chickens if they wanted; or they could buy a piece of a cow [i.e., a share of a jointly-owned cow--Econlib Ed.]; or they could buy a hammer; or they could buy access to electricity--or whatever it is. And presumably, people have a pretty good idea of what they need relative to what you think they need. And, chickens just obviously--to me--we're going to get more deeply into the economics of this--but it's obvious that chickens is the wrong answer. Whatever the virtues of chickens are, it can't be the case that giving 300 million something is--it's going to be better to give them money. I'm pretty confident about that. Now, you could argue that if you give them money they are going to use it on gambling, or drinking, or partying, or whatever you think is the wrong use of the money; but, 'They can sell the chicken, come on! They can convert it into money.' So, this romance, I think, 'Chickens are the key to the future,' like plastics are in the movie, The Graduate--it's just--or computers in 1978--it does seem a bit naive for someone who is clearly not a naive person. You could think of it as symbolic. But I think your point was: We've had these debates--which is what I think we talked about in a previous episode about different ways to help people with small amounts. Obviously, if you give them 1000 chickens--one person a thousand chickens, and one person a thousand of something else, and another person a thousand of something else, maybe it would really change their lives. But if we're going to give micro-amounts, like 5 chickens, or 1 chicken, cash might be even better. And you and I are both kind of fans of cash. There are problems with cash. That's a different episode. That's not what we're talking about today. We all understand that cash has drawbacks, too. But, I think you proposed--what was interesting about your response to Gates was: 'Let's have a horse race,' to add another animal to the metaphor mix. 'Let's see whether chickens outperform cash.' Right? Wasn't that the thrust of your point?

Chris Blattman: Yeah. And the reason is, is because it may be like a deeper point. It's not about whether--there's lots of reasons cash could be better than chickens, and for the reasons you've just mentioned; and there's some risks, as well. Those are all--and we don't have to talk about--I think generally the picture looks pretty good for cash, and we don't have to talk about the details today. But, the deeper point is the problem with a lot of programs--given that we're already giving--a lot of aid is donor agencies and governments giving very poor people stuff. It's giving them skills-training. It's giving them chickens. It's giving them cash. It's giving them other forms of capital. It's giving them productive assets. Right? And I'm excluding all the stuff that's about public goods, and water, and health--these are huge and they are important. And we're going to set them aside because they are just a different kind of thing. A lot of assistance is giving poor people stuff to either eat or to turn into something they can eat. Meaning, they can start a small business with it. And that's what the training and the cows and the [?] and some of the cash are mainly for. So, the problem with most of these programs is everyone thinks about the numerator: What's the impact of this program? And nobody thinks about the denominator, which is: What's the cost of providing this program? And then, we sort of divide that to get some sort of return. And when we compare those things, if you ignore the fact that some of these programs are dramatically more costly than others to deliver, then even if one is more effective in terms of its impact, in terms of how big a business someone can grow, if it's also 10 times as costly, that's a problem. And this is the problem with chickens, in some sense, is: Somebody has to go and buy the chickens; and then deliver them to the people. Or, somebody has to go and hire a trainer and bring them to the village, to train people in whatever it is you want to train. Maybe it's raising chickens--this is often a big part of these chicken programs. But maybe it's something that's standalone, like how to start a business. Or something. So, this is a problem, because those people--all that labor and all that transport is really, really, really expensive. And these people are often in remote areas. They are very poor. Even if they are in an urban area and not that remote, they are earning so little that giving some reasonably middle-class person in that country to go off and buy the chickens and then deliver them, or deliver the training, or even get the training to go and deliver the chicken, is so costly that it totally outweighs any potential benefits that--maybe not totally, but it grossly outweighs a lot of the benefits. Such that, some of these programs--the studies that have looked at chickens and giving people chickens and cows and goats randomly pay off, but it takes something like 15 or 20 years before they cover the costs. Basically, the impact is as much as the program costs. And that's a lot.

11:02

Russ Roberts: But I also thought your main--and that's a great point. Those are great point. And they raise a separate issue we may come back to, which is: 'Hey, I know what you need. Here.' I alluded to that earlier. It's like, 'You need to learn how to make butter. Here, let me teach you. I'll give you some butter machinery.' There's a certain lack of appreciation for knowledge and how hard it is to understand how to impact a person's life, and the material versus spiritual, and [?]--

Chris Blattman: Well, one of the other things that's going on--I have a lot of friends in these organizations. My wife works for an international rescue committee. I've spent a lot of time working with these organizations. And one of the--if you put yourself in their shoes--first of all, you don't always know. And the thing is that you've seen a lot of programs where people get chickens without the training--because that seemed like a good idea. Or they just get cash. Like, you see a lot of examples where people fail. You don't know if everyone fails. You don't know how many people succeed. You know a lot of people fail. And we know this is true. Like, the big cash experiments I've done, others have done--at least half the people don't really move ahead as a result of this cash. They start a small enterprise and it fails. This is what business is. And that's hard to--you don't know if on balance people are succeeding or failing, especially when you just give them cash. At least with the chickens you can see something there. And you are really hesitant to let people fail. So, you want to do, you want to invest as much as possible in people to minimize the risk of failure, because they are in your circle. You see them, you care about them, you are responsible, you've done something to their lives and in some ways you are responsible. And you have the ability to continue to help them. And you don't see all these other people you are not helping. So, doubling or tripling or quadrupling or even further increasing the cost of a program--not to make them dramatically more successful but just to reduce their costs of failure--is really natural human instinct. Some people would say that's their responsibility; you could make a moral argument that that's appropriate. But I think that's what drives this cost up. So, it's easy for me to sort of, from afar, say, 'Well, I don't know any of these people. They are all strangers to me, and I'd rather see more people helped for less; and if some fail, that's going to happen anyways,' rather than just investing in a small number of people and trying to keep them from failing. But, if I were in their position--certainly when I raise my children I don't take that approach. And that's another extreme example, right? So, you know, I'm sympathetic. But as a small NGO--a small Non-Governmental Organization--you can afford to make your own moral choice about whether you help a lot of people a little bit and let them fail sometimes, or if you help just a few people and really foster them through. But if you are the U.S. Government Aid agency, or you are the Ugandan Bureau of blah-blah-blah that's in charge of this, in some sense you don't get to make that choice. In some sense, your responsibility, I think, is to help the most people.

Russ Roberts: But I also thought you are making a methodological point with Gates which is really interesting, which is: Well, maybe it will have a good impact; maybe it won't. Obviously if you sat down, if you and I had 30 minutes with Mr. Gates we'd say, 'Gee, 300 million is a big increase. Maybe that's going to have an unexpected effect on--you wouldn't want to generalize from the 5% who have chickens now to the 30% you'd like to have them.' And he'd nod, say that's a good point. But I think you are trying to say, 'Let's try to actually measure this. Let's try to actually see--let's learn something. Before we launch this enormous, grandiose experiment, let's do a pre-experiment where we try to see which is better. And we'd learn so much that we would be able to help people much more down the road, not just with your venture.' Is that a fair summary?

Chris Blattman: Yeah. This is actually--I make [?] this point sort of in general: If I go to--pick a country--if I go to Uganda or like Uruguay[?] or Colombia which are all places where I spend a lot of time or have spent a lot of time, you'll see that the government or the World Bank or somebody saying, 'All right, we have this $5 million, or $100 million, or $500 million dollar program that we're going to roll out over the next 5 years; and we've written the program manual and we [?] spend all that money doing x.' And x is quite specific. It might be like chickens. It might be job training. And then they just launch into it. And inevitably it fails, because, what are the chances that you ever get that formula right from the outset when you implement it? And so, 2 or 3 years in they redesign and they start figuring it out; and, they don't have a lot of sense of what's going on. Maybe then they run some evaluations or they turn to more of the evidence. And let's say they get a slightly better program for the last half of that 5-year program. Then, that's a lot of money wasted. And if it's a credit to that country, meaning it's a loan to that country, then some future taxpayer of that country has to pay that back. Which seems kind of tragic. Or it has to be forgiven--some future taxpayer of this country has to pay that back. And that just was all money that--you know, that could have been averted. And I, so every time I'm there, I'm saying, 'Listen, instead of doing this, I'm saying: Why don't you do 5 or 10 things on a small scale for the first year? You have to scale up, you have to get moving. I understand the political pressure. So get moving; but why don't you just try 5 or 10 things? And maybe you then really rigorously study what you're going to do?' That would be fine. Sometimes we should do that. But even if you don't, it will probably be obvious which of those 5 or 10 things seems to be more successful than the others. Certainly the ones that are failures will be more obvious. And then you'll know with more precision, if you invest some money in studying it. So, as a general principle, this is just something that's not done with aid--the sort of trial and error and with some rigorous testing. And we've managed in the last 10 years to introduce the idea of randomized testing with randomized trials without introducing this idea of trial and error and moving ahead and trying many ideas. And that's a problem. I would like to see both. So, that's kind of what I'm saying--this is just another case. Instead of just scaling up your crazily specific program that's only been a little bit tested, why don't you try a few different things and then push ahead with the thing that's most successful? And in this case, I think we've got enough evidence to say, 'Actually, we're doing a lot of this chicken stuff, regardless of what Gates is doing. We're doing a lot of handing out of chickens and cows. And--I don't know if it's $1 billion, or $10 billion, or $100 million dollars a year, but it's somewhere in that range. And if we could spend $10 million dollars just to, like, tweak the direction of that, to sort of kill a bad idea and replace it with a less bad idea'--that's kind of what I want to see. I want to see us rigorously evaluate, like, run a horse race between these different things that we could do, these different varieties, kind of like trial and error but in a structured way. And then just replace the bad things with less-bad things. And thereby make a lot of very, very unfortunate people a bit better off. That's basically it.

18:05

Russ Roberts: So, I have a lot of things to say to that. It's a fantastic summary of, I think, the position you are taking. I just have to mention in passing, though: you said, 'Well, of course it fails.' And I think a lot of people would say, 'How could it fail? You are injecting all this money into these sectors, regions, poor people, whatever. It's got to have some effect--some overwhelmingly good effect. You're putting--you are going to add $100 million into this community?' And it's really, I think, a sobering reality that it often doesn't work very well. So I just want to mention that to the point where you say, 'Well, of course it doesn't work.' But I think most intuitive, everyday people would say it would work, akin to their natural inclination to inject money into the U.S. school system. 'Because the more you spend, the more education you get.' Which of course isn't true. It might be true. But it need not be true. And, if the incentives--

Chris Blattman: Right. And I would say, even if you are more optimistic--and I think if you put in more input you are going to get more output. You put in more money to the educational system, I think probably you are going to get more education, or better outcomes--not always, you are right. Same with this aid, chickens. The chickens are not going to be a bad idea. They are not going to all fail. It's just: We're putting so much money into this that--not only is someone going to have to pay back in future, but it's such a missed opportunity. Like, it's really desperate to--if you were making $1 or $2 a day, this means like, your child is probably going to--the chance your child dies in infancy or of some disease or that some crisis hits and really terrible things happen to someone in your family is just so high. And that's also true at any level of poverty. And it's just more dire and risky, the poorer you are. So, to sort of callously and irresponsibly, in my mind, not try to use the sort of trial-and-error approach and try to do the right thing, and rather than just have 33% of Africans or something producing chickens--they might be a bit better off, they'd probably be better off. What if--that's such a missed opportunity to really change some people's lives? One of the rare instances where I really think aid can have a big impact. It really is an area where we can be super-effective; and I don't say that about a lot of things. And so, it's such a sad, tragic thing not to do this more responsibly.

20:34

Russ Roberts: Well, I want to challenge the premise that underlies that, even though I'm sympathetic to it and it sounds great. We had on the program a while back, Adam Cifu, author of a very provocative book, co-author of a book, Ending Medical Reversal, where he shows that so many times a study will be done, a cross-sectional, longitudinal study, a statistical analysis of some device or some dietary change, some relationship in epidemiology, is alarming or effective, whatever it is. And people start doing this technique or avoiding this technique. And then, 15 years later, there's an actual randomized control trial where people are put into two different groups: You're not using statistical techniques to try to hold things constant; you are actually using a real experiment, not a pseudo-experiment. And you find out that the original finding doesn't hold up under the randomized control trial. So, this is why--we can call it the gold standard of experimental science. It's what scientists do: They see if things can be replicated; they try to actually test things directly. It's a really nice thing. And, there's a huge--I don't want to call it a fad--a trend, we'll call it a trend--it could be a fad--in Development Economics to do randomized control trials. Which is what you're talking about: Wouldn't it be great, do 5 or 10 experiments to see what works and what doesn't work? But, the problem it seems to me is that unlike epidemiology or medical things where a trial could actually often illuminate what does and doesn't work, it strikes me that in human societies, that's a lot more difficult. So, an example we've mentioned before on the program is deworming. Deworming, a lot of excitement about it because some experiments had showed it to be very effective in helping children--if you took the worms and parasites out of their system, they could sit in school longer, make more money, etc.--have better lives. But, it's not obvious that it scales. It's not obvious that it worked in other villages. It's not obviously--etc. So, isn't [?] part of the problem here--and is this a reality or am I being too skeptical?--that, the kind of knowledge that you would like to produce with those trials in the early stages of a large-scale rollout of a program--they are not necessarily going to be as reliable as a true scientific experiment would be?

Chris Blattman: Right. Well, yes. So, this is basically right. But the question is--I guess, my argument would be, I guess I think is a pretty basic premise: Through the accumulation of lots and lots of empirical evidence and theoretical thinking and then using that empirical evidence to sort of understand our theory of poverty--why are people poor and what kinds of things make them less poor? The accumulation of lots of evidence from lots of places is how we get a better theory. This is just how it works; and it will be harder than in physics or medicine for exactly the reasons you say. But, there's a big difference here. So, the deworming excitement is coming off of--I don't know if you know this: I worked on this experiment when I was a graduate student. This was like one of my first jobs in development: I ran one of the followup surveys.

Russ Roberts: I did not know that.

Chris Blattman: Yeah. So, I ran the 5-year followup survey. So, I spent a lot of time with these kids who got this deworming medicine. It's a very incestuous group, a small, incestuous group, development economics. So, listen: There was one big trial showing big effects, and it was on the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya, which is the birthplace of humanity, and then not coincidentally the birthplace of human parasites. So, an impact of deworming medicine there is going to be not surprisingly quite impactful; and if you go somewhere else, where you are not on the shores of a parasite-filled lake, then maybe it's going to be different. And that doesn't surprise me. And we don't actually have a lot of trials of deworming medicine elsewhere. And, the other ones haven't been very good, or they haven't been very long term, or they haven't measured economic outcomes and educational outcomes. So, we just don't know. Whereas, when it comes to policy, we have dozens and dozens and dozens and dozens and dozens. So, it's not just randomized control trials but all sorts of evidence. A great book is Poor Economics, by Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, who sort of pulled together all the descriptive and observational and qualitative, and experimental data. And just a lot of it points to a particular view of poverty--that people have constraints; that from little access to credit and to capital and little access to insurance; and overwhelming evidence that just one of those constraints is relieved, maybe cash, maybe by a chicken, that people leap ahead. That you can make improvements on the margin. And it's not some magic formula. And you can also improve the way financial markets function; and then people get more access to insurance and credit and capital and things. So, it's just a totally different story. And everything I'm saying about both chickens and cash are very consistent with that theory. And now, the randomized trials which I was proposing we do, on large numbers of people and large numbers of countries in different parts of the world, in a way that we could get at what you're saying is sort of getting at the finer details: saying, okay--not knowing if we can make any general statements but, do we see a general pattern across many types of people in many types of places that chickens tend to be lower return than cash? That, people tend to use cash wisely in many places. And then also, very importantly, to figure out what we call the general equilibrium effects. Or the spillover effects. Like, what happens to the whole local economy when you get this giant influx of chickens, or cash? Like it's good? Bad? And it could go either way. We don't really know. So, there's a really different evidence base. And then, the kind of experiment I was proposing, which costs $15 million dollars or some number like that because it's much bigger than anything that's ever been run, is in some sense designed to get around exactly this concern.

26:48

Russ Roberts: So, that's a nice defense. In fact, you are kind of channeling your inner Lant Pritchett there. When you talked about the accumulation of knowledge, he made this similar argument, which I found unpersuasive. But, I find it a little more persuasive in your case. He was talking about general economic theory that's small--any one piece of economic research may not be that informative but it eventually creates this great base of knowledge. And I think that's romanticizing what economic research does, somewhat inaccurately. But let's put that to the side--

Chris Blattman: Well, if I could just interrupt--one thing is: I don't think that knowledge is accumulated to a consistent understanding of how something works across lots of different areas. I also study--I mean, I'm a professor of global conflict studies. In principle, I spend most of my time studying violence, as well. And, we don't really have a good understanding of what reduces violence. Like the things have not accumulated to a coherent answer. Or if you take the macro study of aid, and whether aid is good or bad, and what its good or bad affects our economics or politics--we don't have a coherent answer. It's sort of cumulated into a mess. That was my--

Russ Roberts: Yeah, that was my--it's my, it's close to my view.

Chris Blattman: But there's--but, right. But, other things have turned out--sometimes in certain medical research, and in this case, I think [?] our micro-understanding of poverty turns out, 'Oh, this thing seems to work pretty much similar ways'--you know, we're wrong in lots of details I'm sure. But, more than other things I've understood. And this is why I come on podcasts, you're right, about we should act on this and I don't come on and talk about violence. I don't have a coherent message about what we should do to reduce violence. I don't know that we've accumulated a coherent answer. But, in this case the world works in a simple or straightforward-enough way to have enough evidence, or something about, something the situation is just, I think, points us to more confidence than a lot of other areas. And so, great. And the wonderful thing is it can, like, a lot of people who are in a really, really, really terrible place can benefit from that, in a relatively simple way. This is one of the things that aid does well. Like, just logistically, like just get a lot of stuff out there that seems to work on its own.

29:04

Russ Roberts: This isn't where I thought we'd end up. But let's stay here for a while, because it's so interesting. You are telling me that the aid literature is indecisive--imperfect. Which I think is true. Many people would disagree with you, by the way. I think some people would say, 'Oh, we know exactly what works.' In fact, Lant Pritchett said so: we know it's property rights and free markets and prices. And, while I'm sympathetic to that, I think it actually is more complicated than that. Other people would say, 'We know what works.' Jeffrey Sachs, on the program, 'We just need to give a lot more money. We need to spend it well.' And he thinks he knows how to spend it well. But you are skeptical. Okay. Fine.

Chris Blattman: Well, you know, but Jeffrey Sachs--if you want to say, like an African nation--how do we help an African nation go from $1500 a head to $3000 a head? That's not necessarily a hard problem. Or, you know, that's a hard problem. But it's a much different problem to say, how does that nation, what could we do as outsiders or what could that government do as insiders to get to $20,--- a head? Some sort of like middle-income status. And then nobody has a good answer to that. So, sometimes they are just talking about different changes. When you are talking about development, they can be talking to different things.

Russ Roberts: That's a great point. Just what I was going to say, actually. So, what I was going to say is that, if you are telling me that at the micro level, we know that it's good to give people more access to financial markets--the ability to borrow--because they are often financially constrained. Or, we know that if we give them things they will be better off--it's not so interesting, really. But it really comes to what I think is the crux of the matter. Which is, the, what I would call, the real essential point that Pritchett was upset about in that previous episode, which is the following. He is claiming that--and I have mixed feelings about this, but I don't care, it doesn't matter; whatever you have to say--he's claiming that the real problem isn't poor people. It's poor countries. These people are in places with bad economies: Bad government, bad economies. And to put a band aid on their economies with a chicken is the wrong thing to be spending time on. We ought to be spending time on [?] we ought to figure out how to liberate their economy, liberate the skills to cooperate together in a market setting--which is how we know, that's [?] how you get to $20,000. When you get to $20,000, you've got to have a vibrant labor market. You've got to have a vibrant skills market. You've got to have people trade and exchange with each other within a country and outside of a country. And, we know all that already. And so that's what we ought to be spending our time on, not whether 5 chickens are going to improve somebody's life. Of course they would. They'd improve mine, too. I'd eat them. I like chicken. My wife, she's a vegetarian, but she'd be happy to see me happy. We know all that. So, what's the--what is the defense of the approach that you are suggesting of these micro-experiments to get people truly out of poverty? We understand--what you're saying is all true. It's not important.

Chris Blattman: So, you know, these things aren't in complete contradiction. So, if you want to make--I think Lant's larger--he's got two big points. Lant--I think I've mentioned to you in the past--Lant is, I mean, Lant was one of my first teachers in Development, and still remains sort of one of my idols in Development. And everything of his I can read, I do read, because I think he's got--you know, he has a really, he says a lot of original things and he has his finger on the pulse of these things. And he's made two points here that I think are true. One is that the Development community at large has tended to focus on sort of this weird, extreme form of poverty rather than just thinking of other people who are vey poor instead of extremely poor. So, there's this artificial threshold of $1, $2 a day that distorts a lot of policy. That's fine; I agree with that; and a lot of things--all the chickens and cash stuff I'm talking about, you can ignore that concern. You could say, 'Well, I think the chickens and cash could help someone who is extremely poor and very poor and just a little bit poor.' All these people have limited access to capital. I think that's what we would, what we are learning from the evidence, what we would learn from my experiment. His bigger point is that there is maybe a misallocation of time and policy in academia: That, a lot of people are just focused on the small stuff; that there are these bright, shiny [?]s that come along; it's very appealing to get an answer that a lot of people--there's all this data and computer technology that lets us do, answer a lot of small questions while [?]--

Russ Roberts: You get an article real quick; you get an article on your CV (Curriculum Vitae).

Chris Blattman: Yeah. And so there's two--with a profession--the world would be a better place if more smart policy-makers and more smart economists and political scientists were spending more sweat and brains and money on big questions about growth in this case[?]. And then, and so--and I think that's probably right. I think we probably do have a slight misallocation--I think you could make a good argument. But that doesn't mean--it doesn't mean--he sort of made a--he sort of exaggerates as some do and say, 'We should only focus on growth. Most people should focus on growth.' And I think that's wrong for two reasons. One is, I think it's wrong big thing to focus on. And we could get to that. But I think more immediately, I think you can't ignore the poverty. Because, what this says--so listen: If I say, 'I'm going to--everyone needs to be focused on growth.' If we just dedicate all this time, even if he's right, and we were able to make future unborn generations better off, because we're spending all this time and money and brains and energy, on growth, the fact is that there's still a lot of horribly-off people today. Now, if you, if you sort of--some people make that tradeoff. They'll say, 'Listen. Better make 20 generations much better off than trade off making them slightly better off just to make these people less poor.' That's just--someone who is, say, a utilitarian who wants to make the most good for the most people, would say we need to sacrifice today's generation and help these future generations. That's the way to maximize the good. But if you have sort of a different moral calculus--that if you think, for example, that we're only as good as, say, the least among us; or that we have a responsibility to help the very, very least among us even if that means we wealthy people or future wealthy people who are not yet born will be substantially worse off--that's also a defensible claim. And I guess I would say I'm willing to make that tradeoff, to some degree. And I think a lot of--I think that's fundamentally why so much policy is dedicated toward alleviating poverty. That, even if we knew how to make future generations off with certainty, it would still make sense to spend a lot of time worrying about poverty today. That's a--not everyone is going to feel that way, but it's a totally justifiable way. And that's how I feel.

36:03

Russ Roberts: So, I'm not a utilitarian. But I do think we should improve future generations at the expense of the current one--for a different reason. So, let me lay that out. And you can respond. The people themselves who are alive today would want us to do that, because they love their children and their grandchildren. And if I said to them, 'I'm going to give you a choice. I'm going to give you a bunch of chickens and I'm going to make your suffering less dire,' or, 'You're not going to get any chickens. You're going to lead a miserable life, but your children and grandchildren are going to lead very, very greatly improved, materially improved lives,' I think most, if not all people would jump at the chance. And we see that people do that all the time. They take risks, and they impoverish themselves. They risk death to come to richer countries. So, that would be my argument there. But I think, to me, the real issue is just the severity of the poverty. For people who are, you know, near death, that, yes, we need to do something for those people now. For people who are just having a hard time--if we can, I add that proviso of course, if we know how. And I think people should choose morally to do that. But for people who are just uncomfortable, I think they'd be thrilled to live with that discomfort and have their children thrive.

Chris Blattman: Right. So, I mean, we can debate this. On some level it's a moot point to--yeah, I mean, it's a moot--sort of the defense of my argument--where we should--and I want--I'm, personally in my life, I agree with Lant[?]; I spend too much time on stupid randomized control trials and on poverty alleviation. It's important, but this is not what I think is really important or really where I can, you know, contribute in some way. So, in some sense I'm unbalanced. I fundamentally agree. But still I think this experiment, this grand thing that I pitched to Bill, Bill Gates, is important. And I would even work on it. The last thing I really want to do--it's really miserable to run these--it's really, really hard and miserable. I hate running these things. It's so logistically and managerially intensive. And you don't think. You just sort of make things happen. And I'm okay at that, I'm pretty good at that. But I don't enjoy it. And I would rather spend my time on something else. But I will do it, if I have to. Because nobody else seems to be doing it. I will do it, because we live in a world not where we are making these grand, philosophical choices, but how to orient aid--and we live in a world where the rich countries and poor countries have made the decision that we are going to spend $10 or $100 billion a year giving the very poorest people stuff. And if I can do a little thing, spend, like 10% of my time for 3 years and $15 million dollars, somebody else's money, to sort of say, 'Guess what? You could be twice as effective and really make an impact on people's lives if you just killed this bad idea and did something less bad,'--that's a huge thing. There's a way to just sort of--given the world we live in, on the margin, there's a handful of studies that I think could really reallocate how this giving people stuff is done. And, and that would be a big thing. And I think that's actually what--I think because I look back at the last 10 years and the cash-transfer work that's been done, including my own experiments--and I say, 'That's the impact this had.' Despite the fact that I wasn't working on what I really wanted to work on, it was important to work on and I actually think that had a lot more immediate impact, precisely because we live in a world where there's just buckets of money, pipelines of money going to these places, being spent poorly. And that can be improved, on the margin.

Russ Roberts: Superbly said. I salute that. Beautiful.

39:41

Russ Roberts: Has Bill Gates responded?

Chris Blattman: No. And, you know what? Someone pointed out to me--

Russ Roberts: Sound of crickets--

Chris Blattman: Well, I even--I got a chance to--so, someone pointed out to me after I wrote this letter that, 'Do you know that Bill Gates follows your Twitter?' Then it turns out he only follows, like, 300 people; and a number of them are development people, for obvious reasons; and one of them, it turns out, was me. So, I thought--I had no idea. I'm going to direct-message Bill Gates. Maybe he reads his Twitter feed. Like, why else would he only follow it, 2-300 people? So I even direct-messaged him on Twitter--politely, saying, 'With all due respect, this was my [?]; I'd love to have a conversation about this, if you're interested.' And then: Crickets.

Russ Roberts: Well, I don't know that he listens to EconTalk; but this could put him over the edge, if he does. You may be getting--when this comes out, you'll probably get a summons. And I'd be happy to interview Mr. Gates, by the way.

Chris Blattman: I'm a marginalist, right? I think that every little bit matters.

Russ Roberts: Definitely raised the probability. And I want to just say publicly I would love to interview Bill Gates for EconTalk. So, Bill, if you are listening, or if someone who knows you is listening and thinks that would also be a good idea, please get in touch. But it is an interesting question. By the way--this is a sub-point; and you're sort of--I think you have feet in all the various camps: The academic world--there's the academic world; there's the money world--which would be the Gates foundation--and then there's this weird, nether-region of international organizations like the World Bank that has academic people in it, in and out of it--they come and go. So, that whole thing is--they all have their own rules. I'd like to hear you react to the idea that the incentives are what ruin where development economists spend their time. Of course, people have written not-so-nice things about the appeal of traveling to exotic places and having nice meals and Range Rovers to carry you around, and all that. But, talk about the incentives that you experience as an academic, but also as somebody who is in these different worlds, even if you're not--you don't get calls from Bill Gates's cellphone.

Chris Blattman: Mmmhmmm. The incentives to go do these kinds of--

Russ Roberts: Whatever it is. I mean, they are incentives that encourage some people to just do all kinds of things--articles on this or that, spend time in a particular country because the World Bank funds it. And all of the--we do what we like, and we also care, most of us do, about what makes the world a better place. As you point out. And you confessed a minute ago that you wish you'd maybe spent a little less time on some of these things and more on the bigger things. So, just reflect on that.

Chris Blattman: Well, answering the bigger questions would still put me firmly, even more often, in foreign places. Like, right now, I'm really interested in, I happen to be studying a lot of gangs in Latin America and also in Chicago. And, the thing that's holding me back from being more effective is my lack of tie-in to go and spend time in these places. One of the fundamental incentives is that, I think that to answer important questions about other parts of the world, you have to spend a lot of time in other parts of the world. And you also--not just talking to people and collecting data, but also building relationships with other academics who are there or other policymakers. Because it's not an individual production function. So, that's--answering the question requires be there, big or small question, whatever if you are going to do this right. The incentives in the economics profession, for a long time, and to a lesser extent now, were always against young economists and especially graduate students going and spending lots of time in the field. And in some sense, there is still a discouragement to spend a lot of time often in other countries: still spend relatively little time compared to other academic disciplines. And it used to be zero. There's--an interesting set of people to bring on would be people like Michael Kremer, Chris Utry, who are development economists who broke the path in the, maybe the 1980s and 1990s by spending a lot of time in places like Ghana in Chris's case, and Kenya in Michael's case, doing this kind of work, pioneering it. There are others as well. They sort of stand out in my mind. And showing that you could do important work, and making development economics credible again in the profession. And showing--and sending their students to Ghana--like, this is why--why was I in Busia[?], Kenya running this deworming experiment? Because Michael's student, Ted Miguel [?], he sent to run some experiments and collect data. And Ted did his dissertation there; and he started his own studies in Busia[?], Kenya. And then I showed up at Berkeley, and Ted was this young prof, maybe just one or two years in, who became my dissertation adviser. And he sent me to Kenya, my first semester. And then, why did I end up working on violence in northern Uganda? Because the second time I got sent to Kenya, I was sitting in a cafe, and I met a woman--because it takes 20 minutes or 30 minutes for the Hotmail page to load up, which should tell you what year it was. And so I struck up a conversation with a woman next to me who was doing this qualitative study of children affected by conflict and child soldiers in northern Uganda. And then a year later I was landing by plane in northern Uganda to run a survey that looked a lot like what Ted was doing in deworming except I was studying the effects of violence. And that became my dissertation. And it also so happens that we produced several papers and a marriage, and now two children. Because they're more important than the papers.

Russ Roberts: Yeah; of course it is. But the best part about that story is--most unintended consequences are negative. But here we have the positive unintended consequence of a lousy internet access. That you were sitting there for 20 to 30 minutes waiting for your page to load, and you meet your future wife. What a great--

Chris Blattman: Right. But my--then I've sent my students to go work on my project in northern Uganda, and later Liberia; and now, Colombia. And now, they are graduating, they're Ph.Ds., they're getting jobs; and they are doing amazing research; and they are sending their students to these--or wherever they happen to work. And so, this has been this amazing thing that has happened: You talk about the incentives. It's against the grain, against the incentives to go and invest all this time really understanding a place. All the inputs required for all these experiments, or any big study, data--you have to collect your own data in a place like Africa. Most of the time. And so, the incentives are all against that. So, why are people doing it? I think they are really passionate about the questions. And, of course, now there's its own set of esteem[?], and you have your own dysfunctions as a profession; and we're doing a lot of the wrong things; and so on, and so on. But, nonetheless, like, this is still a big, positive change. And I've always said that the most important thing about randomized control trials is not the causal effect that lots of people, we've identified. The effect of like--the important part about the deworming experiment in all this time in Kenya by all these people is not--it's now[?] the fact that Ted Miguel and Michael Kremer could lecture you for hours on Kenyan politics and development in a very sophisticated way that has nothing to do with the causal estimate. Economists now have a much richer understanding of the way world works, how the aid sector works, what the political and social and organizational dysfunctions are from everything from USAID (United States Agency for International Development) to some government in some far corner of the world. There's this rich knowledge that was just not there before that I think is really affecting the way the theories were developing. It's affecting the cognitive teaching; it's affecting the questions we're asking; it's affecting the advice. And I think that's been so much more important than any stupid little causal effect.

Russ Roberts: That's great. And I think Adam Smith would be happy about it. Maybe I'm wrong. I like to think of Adam Smith--maybe I'm romanticizing, which I am prone to--but I do think of him as open to the richer understanding of human activity than our sort of blackboard theories; and obviously was a student of many aspects of human life, not just the financial and monetary side.

Chris Blattman: Right, right.

Russ Roberts: What you are really arguing is that it's good that we've become more like sociology. Which could be true.

48:37

Russ Roberts: I would have argued that the reason we shouldn't work on big picture issues and big picture questions is because we don't know much about them. So, I think most people would argue that governance, political institutions are a big problem. I suggested recently that what we should do with that $15 million dollars, say, is pay a leader to leave, and replace him with someone more--of course, obviously, replace him with another dictator is the problem. But if you could change a political system, that would be the way you'd spend your money. We don't know how to do that. And the idea that we should be spending more time understanding that doesn't necessarily follow; the idea that that's the most important thing. If we can't figure out the levers to improve it, it really doesn't matter. So, what are your thoughts on that?

Chris Blattman: I'm more hopeful. I think we don't know a lot about it. I think we also--I think that--I actually teach a class on this, and it turns out Lant Pritchett has just written a book on this as well, with two co-authors. He's focused more on building, on something a bit narrower, which is building state capabilities--which is basically making states more effective. And that includes public sectors and governments. It's actually a free book online, and I think it's actually one of my favorite books I've read this year. So, he didn't talk about that, but--

Russ Roberts: What's it called?

Chris Blattman: I think it's called Building State Capabilities.

Russ Roberts: We'll put a link up to it, for this episode.

Chris Blattman: Exactly. And he even negotiated to be able to get this free online. And I think he has a course, as well, where you can go along this as well. And so, there's both a book and a free course online. And I teach a class. Sometimes I call it "Order and Violence." Sometimes I call it "Political Economy Development." But, it's really about these big questions about saying: You know what? What doesn't--I think Lant would agree with this: Growth is the wrong way to think about this. We don't need more people focused on economic growth. I think we need more people focused on understanding state capabilities, and democratization, and politics in these countries. There's a fair amount already: most other political science--there's a lot of bad research; there's a lot of good research. And I--by spending a lot of the last 10 years reading that research and trying to teach it, and learning it; and when I say I want to reorient what I do, in some ways, I--this is the book I would like to write. Probably I won't write it for 10 years. But one day I will write this book about this kind of political development, if you will. And I think that's fundamentally the problem. And it's hard for me to believe, partly because I've read so much that really has changed the way I think about how the world works; and I think if it could be translated into terms, sort of messages that people could absorb and understand in a less academic way, I think it would be really impactful. So, one, I think we could translate more; two, I think we could do more of it. But it kind of a big--it's a big risk. It's hard to see immediate payoffs. Yet, I guess the reason I think it can't be ignored is, maybe you could put it simply like this: That, China and Brazil and Russia and Vietnam and a whole host of countries that are currently like middle income, or a little poorer or a little richer, are generally growing, you know, at a reasonably quick pace--like, say, I don't know, maybe it's 5% a year. In some years that will be higher; in some years that will be lower. But they are basically on their way to being high-middle, or upper-middle--or even upper-income countries. So, they are growing. And as long as there is no major world cataclysm, then in 20 years, those are going to be basically rich countries. And that's going to be most of the population of the world. And that's probably most countries in the world. But there's a bunch of countries, a couple in, you know, Central and South America, maybe Bolivia, certainly Guatemala, and maybe like a Honduras or Jamaica, and much of sub-Saharan Africa, and some parts of Central Asia that are just not growing at all, or they are growing a little bit but not very fast. Or, they are growing a little bit but there is a lot of inherent political instability and it's hard to imagine that growth lasting for long before there's some tanking[?]. So, it's possible that in 15 or 20 years there will be about 20 or 30 countries in the world that are still enormously poor and unstable, next to what are generally a relatively homogenous group of middle- and high-income countries. And that's going to be a bad situation. It's not--it's a better situation than today, where we've got a lot of poor people. But there's going to be this growing inequality; and these are going to be places of instability. And there's going to be a lot of negative spillovers for the

          #2 Es el tiempo de España para desafiar las expectativas, mientras lucha contra la corrupción [ENG]        

No, Spain isn’t Uganda. It’s Botswana. At least that’s the conclusion of Transparency International’s 2012 corruption perceptions index, which placed Spain joint 30th with the African country, behind Uruguay, Qatar and Cyprus.
Poco a poco vamos acercándonos al tercer mundo...

» autor: Cecil_El_Leon


          #1 Es el tiempo de España para desafiar las expectativas, mientras lucha contra la corrupción [ENG]        

"Fortunately for us". (A Ugandan citizen)

» autor: manuelitos


          Community unites to support children in Uganda at Hike2Heal 5K        

Runners will gather at Edwin Warner Park for the Hike2Heal 5K on April 23 to provide medical care and treatment opportunities for children at Raise the Roof Academy in Bwasandeku, Uganda. The event is being supported by thirteen area United Methodist churches, and is funded in part by an event grant from United Methodist Communications’ Rethink Church initiative.

(PRWeb April 07, 2016)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2016/04/prweb13325515.htm


          United Methodist Communications Steps Up as First Faith-Based Organization for Innovative Global 'Public Library' Project        

United Methodist Communications, the communications agency of The United Methodist Church, is the first faith-based organization to join an effort being dubbed "Humanity's Public Library." The initiative is from Outernet, a company dedicated to connecting every person on Earth to free data through pioneering satellite technology, with the first content gathering session, an Edit-A-Thon, set for July 18-19 at the Mozilla East Africa Festival in Kampala, Uganda.

(PRWeb July 15, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/07/prweb12850665.htm


          Hike2Heal and Rethink Church Raise Funds To Provide Healthcare for Ugandan Children with 3rd Annual Raise the Roof 5K on April 18        

Join local United Methodists as they Rethink Church during the third annual Hike2Heal 5K to raise funds to provide healthcare for the 512 students at Raise the Roof Academy in Uganda. Hike2Heal will take place on Saturday, April 18, at 9 a.m. at Edwin Warner Park at shelter No. 9 on 86 Vaughn Road in Nashville.

(PRWeb March 30, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/04/prweb12619269.htm


          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          Exchange Trip to Africa 2017        
Recently three of our program coordinators from India traveled to Kenya and Uganda to see how the Unbound program works in those countries. They had the opportunity to learn from their African coworkers and to experience the realities of families in Kenya and Uganda compared to India. This final reflection is from Vincent Murmu, the program coordinator for our Dumka […]
          Key learning points        
Recently three of our program coordinators from India traveled to Kenya and Uganda to see how the Unbound program works in those countries. They had the opportunity to learn from their African coworkers and to experience what poverty looks like in Kenya and Uganda compared to India. This second reflection is from Selvaraj P., the program coordinator for our Bhagalpur […]
          My observations from visiting Nairobi and Kampala        
Recently three of our program coordinators from India traveled to Kenya and Uganda to see how the Unbound program works in those countries. They had the opportunity to learn from their African coworkers and to experience what poverty looks like in Kenya and Uganda compared to India. This first reflection is from Seema Mohan Kumar, the program coordinator for our […]
          Parents increase benefits using the power of community        
Maxensia, a widowed mother of eight, tends to her coffee plants in a village in Uganda. Nearby, 11 pigs sunbathe in a sty built of rough wood. At age 50, Maxensia has become an entrepreneur. Her pig farm is growing, and she also runs a small coffee farm. After her husband died 17 years ago, Maxensia struggled to provide for […]
          Working, saving, providing        
It’s almost Father’s Day, and over the past weeks, we’ve been sharing the stories of inspiring dads in the Unbound community. Charles is a dad in Uganda who’s been working hard to make a good living to support his family. He took some time to share about his journey with Unbound communications liaison Regina Mburu. Regina: Tell us about your […]
          Living Unbound: In photos        
It took a village Jonah, 10, sits outside his school in Kampala, Uganda. When his mother, Jane, moved away temporarily for work, Jonah struggled to stay in school. Members of the local Unbound mothers group stepped in to provide support and help him keep up his studies. Today, Jonah is doing well in school, loves math, and Jane is back […]
          Living Unbound: Parent groups support safety, health        
As we’ve shared in blog posts over the last few weeks, Unbound’s highly personalized benefits are creating opportunity for families of all types around the world. In Uganda, parents of sponsored children are taking steps toward safety and health in their homes with the help of sponsorship. Ndagire is the mother of a sponsored child named Ashiraf, sponsored since 2015, […]
          â€˜We check on each other’        
“We are all family,” said Annet, a mother who chairs an Unbound parents group in Uganda. “We keep check of each other.” It’s not a stretch to say that without this community care, 10-year-old sponsored child Jonah’s life might have turned out differently. The families Unbound works with around the world face significant challenges in creating a better future for […]
          Abandoning foreign policy now means Pax Rus - is it what you wanted?        
Whether it be left-wing activists of the so-called "peace" movement or libertarians who think that foreign policy should mean immediate withdrawal from the world, the recent events in Syria have demonstrated that when the USA, and with it the Western world, decides to withdraw from being involved in other countries, that others will fill the vacuum.

So it is that President Obama, who ridiculed Mick Romney's claim that Russia was a rising threat, has left the opponents of the Marxist/militarist hereditary dictatorship of Bashar Assad wide open to being attacked, by the air, by Vladimir Putin's unashamedly expansionist military.  

Dad and son, and their personality cult
Had Obama been true to the neutrality that the Nobel Peace Prize Committee had presumably rewarded him for "ex.ante", he would have said that there is no Western interest in what happens to Syria.  For indeed, his pitiful actions (a few airstrikes against Islamic State) have demonstrated not much above it.  In fact, I would have respected, if disagreed, with a position that replicates that of the nihilist libertarian isolationists who want the USA to withdraw from the world, and let Islamism grow, tyrants take over its friends and do nothing, until the first missile, bomber or terrorist controlled airliner strikes US soil (actually scrub that, for when the latter happens, even they think the response is NOT to attack those who harboured them).

If the so-called "land of the free" wants to withdraw from the world, then those of us who bear the consequences of that withdrawal better be prepared for the cost of this, but let's not pretend that the USA gives a damn about other peoples wanting to be lands of the free or escape tyranny.  That's their battle, and if others want to join in their oppression, don't pretend that it matters.

So to Syria.


Syria has been run by a brutal authoritarian dictatorship under the Ba'ath Party, under the Assad family since 1970.  It holds Soviet style "elections".  All press and media are firmly under the grip of the Party (or monitored by it for compliance), and any dissent is punished with imprisonment, and sometimes torture or summary execution.   The four secret police units have untrammelled authority to enter any property and detain anyone indefinitely, and use torture as necessary to frighten those said to be opponents or extract information from them.

The best that can be said is that Saddam Hussein was more brutal and erratic, but Bashar Assad and his psychopathic father Hafez, have run Syria under their jackboot for 45 years (although it is cold comfort that Bashar's elder brother, Basil, died in an accident before his father died.  Basil was as notorious as Uday Hussein).  The best that can be said is that, yes it is nominally secular, as religious minorities face no more oppression than anyone else, partly because the Assads are of the Alawite sect.  Alawites have done very well from the Assad dictatorship, other Syrians do well according to who they know and how well the pander to the regime.  By the way, the Assads were firm allies of the USSR in the Cold War, and so it continues under Russia.  Indeed, Syria is the only country outside Russia (notwithstanding the annexation of Crimea) to still have a Russian naval base.  

So Putin has decided to defend his friend.  His first victory was getting the US to accept Russian monitoring of Assad's dismantling of his chemical weapons arsenal, which is very much a farce.  Assad has been undertaking crude chemical attacks on rebel areas controlled by the Free Syrian Army and other non-Islamic State insurgents (some of which are Islamist, some who are not).  Assad has killed tens of thousands of civilians in rebel held areas by air attacks, including chemical attacks.  This has helped Islamic State recruit fighters, as young men whose families are killed by the Assad regime are easily seduced by the most well armed and funded opponents of the regime.

Remember Obama's red line?  That it was "unacceptable" for anyone to use chemical weapons to attack civilians?  Well it didn't exist.  The dated chemical weapons were withdrawn, but by no means have the stocks been destroyed.  Dictatorships have a funny way of not caring about rules set by someone else that are backed up by no force at all.

Meanwhile, the US (and the UK and others) have provided low level logistical and material support (if not military) to non-Islamist opponents to the Assad regime.  It is those opponents to Assad that Vladimir Putin is now directing over 95% of his airstrikes.  

Putin asserts his airstrikes are "legal" because they are authorised by the Assad regime, which strictly speaking in UN terms, is the "legitimate recognised government" of Syria.   This is correct in the same way that Kim Jong Un leads the "legitimate recognised government" of the DPRK, Idi Amin did the same for Uganda and Pol Pot for Cambodia.  It is the formal legitimacy asserted by tyrants.

Assad wants to put himself in the position of being the only opponent to Islamic State, so has Putin's help in wiping out the moderate opposition.  The allies of the West, and perhaps only hope of moving Syria to the sort of pluralism that is nascent in Lebanon, are now being systematically wiped out by Russia - and all the US does is express regrets and concern.   What surprise is there if opponents of Assad in Syria think that the only way is Islamic State?   For all of the talk about rights and freedom the truth is that the Obama Administration will do absolutely f-all to protect those that might offer a way with much less tyranny, let alone have a foreign policy with objectives.

So it is Pax Rus.

Assuming Obama continues along this line, Syria will become a binary game. The chemical weapon using tyrant Assad, and the stoneage expansionist eliminationists of Islamic State.  The US may think it doesn't pay any real price for letting Syria burn, but Europe is paying a price, as Syrians flee and as it is on the doorstep for Islamists willing to take on the West.  

Putin wants to be taken seriously internationally, and once the non-IS opposition is effectively wiped out, he can turn on Islamic State and be a hero.  Russia wont think twice about civilian casualties, it wont face domestic protests on any great scale against war, and of course the far-left "peace" movement in the West wont bat an eyelid, as it almost never protests military action by any regime other than a Western one, including Israel.

What could be different?

Well the US and its allies could start by accepting the invitation of the Iraqi government to use all means necessary to wipe out Islamic State from Iraq itself, to protect the Kurds, to help ensure Sunni Iraqis are protected and discouraged from joining Islamic State.  At the very least, the West owes Iraq protection from invasion.

However, for Syria it needs to have some clear objectives.  It could  have imposed a No-Fly Zone over Syria to stop the Assad regime from using chemical weapons and dropping barrel bombs, but that is impossible now.  What it should do is arm and protect the non-Islamist opposition and provide it with air support and make it clear to Russia that it is with it, in attacking Islamic State, but will not tolerate air strikes on areas governed by the Kurds or the Free Syrian Army.  It should take all steps necessary to wipe out Islamic State, which has eliminationist objectives towards the West, and following that establish a peace process to transition Syria away from rule by the Assad regime.

The problem is that this requires taking on Russia.  Obama (and Bush before him) refused to defend Georgia from Russian occupation, nor Ukraine, even when Russian backed rebels shot down a civilian airliner (but that was Malaysian, which was unimportant to the US).   Putin is currently facing tough economic times, which he is evading by spending literally US$1billion of reserves every month, to prop up pensions, the military and uneconomic industries.  He can afford to do this for perhaps two-three more years without having to implement serious levels of austerity.   However, if the price of oil remains below US$60 over that time, it will prove tougher.  Putin's actions smell of a leader seeking a distraction, in the hope of buying time until oil prices recover at a level appropriate for his kleptocracy. 

The odds that the US will take on Russia in Syria are small, because Obama has demonstrated no interest, at all, in taking any lead or keeping to his word with allies.  It is a policy of cynical withdrawal from the world.  A withdrawal that is dangerous to some of the US's allies, but also one that is fundamentally dishonest.

The choice is simple.  Either the US embraces the doctrine of Ron Paul, and openly decides that it is no longer interested in being a superpower or standing by previous commitments to allies, or it stands by its allies and has a positive, pro-active foreign policy based on its interests and those of its (true) allies.

While we all wait, enjoy "Pax" Rus, after all you're comfortably far away from the consequences of it all, aren't you?





 




          African Newspaper Purposefully ‘Outs’ Gays, Suggests Hanging        

This is quite a shocker, reported by Godfrey Olukya and Jason Straziuso for AP, especially as it seems to have been instigated by American Christian fundamentalists: KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — The front-page...

The post African Newspaper Purposefully ‘Outs’ Gays, Suggests Hanging appeared first on disinformation.


          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          Firmenich assembles natural product producers from around the world.        

The livelihoods of 250,000–300,000 families depend on the future of natural aromatic crop production. As a result, Firmenich united natural ingredient producers and perfumers in Paris for its Naturals Together event over the period 12-13 November. 

The 14 'ambassadors' for the event include producers of more than 40 key ingredients such as rose, jasmine, vanilla, tuberose, orange flower, patchouli, eucalyptus, vetiver, lavender, mint, cardamom, violet leaves, mimosa, clove, chamomile and more.  Companies from Africa included: Authentic Products (Madagascar: vanilla); Les Aromes du Maroc (Morocco: orange blossom, rose, grapefruit flower, wild chamomile; Machalico (Egypt: grandiflorum jasmine, violet leaves, orange blossom, blue chamomile); Uvan (Uganda: vanilla).


          The big (unsustainable) export trade of wild pygeum bark from Cameroon        

The commercial supply of pygeum bark, obtained mainly from wild Prunus africana trees, is a product of African biodiversity. Pygeum trees occur in Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania, among other African co


          Comment des réfugiés sud-soudanais font du foot un instrument de paix, au-delà des clivages        
Manyangson Ngong, le capitaine de l’équipe Lucky Start du camp d’Ayilo. Photo : Oxfam

Blog: Comment des réfugiés sud-soudanais font du foot un instrument de paix, au-delà des clivages

Tandis que la Coupe du monde bat son plein au Brésil, une compétition d’un autre genre a lieu dans le nord de l’Ouganda. Dans les districts d’Arua et d’Adjumani, de jeunes réfugiés sud-soudanais ont formé des équipes de football afin de jouer pour la paix.

« Jamais je ne me serais attendu à en arriver là. Bor, l’école et mes amis me manquent », témoigne Manyangson Ngong, le capitaine de l’équipe Lucky Start du camp d’Ayilo. Le conflit qui a poussé tant de personnes à fuir pour sauver leur vie a aussi coupé court à ses études, à Bor.


          Ils représentent le meilleur espoir de paix pour le Soudan du Sud : rencontre avec de jeunes réfugiés en Ouganda        
Point d'eau à Simbili, district Arua, Ouganda. Photo : Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures London UK

Blog: Ils représentent le meilleur espoir de paix pour le Soudan du Sud : rencontre avec de jeunes réfugiés en Ouganda

Un garçon grand et maigre, portant un short déchiré et des sandales en plastique noir avec des petits cœurs roses, sort d’une hutte au toit de chaume et se dirige vers moi. Dans un anglais parfait, Jacob m’explique comment il en est arrivé à vivre dans ce camp de réfugiés, l’un des nombreux camps qui grignotent la forêt dans plusieurs districts ougandais limitrophes du Soudan du Sud. Dix-huit mois plus tôt, il faisait encore partie des quelques privilégiés sud-soudanais à étudier dans un lycée de Kampala, la capitale de l’Ouganda.


          Réfugiés en Ouganda : les oubliés du Soudan du Sud        
Réfugiés en Ouganda : les oubliés du Soudan du Sud

Blog: Réfugiés en Ouganda : les oubliés du Soudan du Sud

Geno Teofilo, chargé de relations médias chez Oxfam, décrit les besoins humanitaires pressants, notamment le besoin d’un abri à l’approche de la saison des pluies, qu’ils a constatés lors de sa visite de plusieurs centres de réfugiés sud-soudanais, dans le nord de l’Ouganda.


          Une leçon de Deng Bol, réfugié sud-soudanais        
Oxfam’s Uganda Country Director Peter Kamalingin shares a light moment with Deng Bol.

Blog: Une leçon de Deng Bol, réfugié sud-soudanais

À mon arrivée à Arua et à Adjumani, la semaine dernière, j’ai reçu un choc.


          Guión completo para ocho personajes con tema del fútbol        
Este guión completo para ocho personajes requiere de 3 actrices y 5 actores, es un texto de Vivian Blumenthal y si quieres montarlo de manera profesional debes ponerte en contacto con la persona que tiene los derechos de la obra (puedes dejarme un comentario y te mando el correo de quien te puede hablar sobre los derechos). Es una obra muy divertida con el tema del futbol, pero también hace una crítica social sobre condiciones de vida pésimas por la mala gestión del gobierno. Espero te guste.





Guión completo para ocho personajes

¡Hoy juegan las Chivas!*


(*O cualquier equipo se soccer que se desee elegir, tal como: "¡Hoy juega el América!", etcétera.)


Dramatis Personae:

SOFÍA: Joven mujer. Casada con Nacho desde hace pocos años.

NACHO: Ingeniero. Aficionado al fútbol.

DR. JAIME: Médico de Seguridad Social.

LIC. HERIBERTO: Divorciado cuarentón.

MONA DE SERRADO: Esposa de Ulises, con avanzado embarazo.

ULISES SERRADO: Macho chovinista.

MARINA: Maestra solterona y metiche.

ABOGADO: Típico transa.

(Apartamento reducido, decorado de manera moderna y agradable. Una pequeña sala y cocineta con barra-comedor es la parte visible del inmueble. Al fondo, una frente a otra, hay dos puertas que representan las recámaras. En la pared hay un calendario con la foto de un equipo de soccer. En la sala hay un librero con una televisión, libros y algún trofeo sencillo de fútbol. Otra puerta, la de acceso al apartamento, se nota pintada con grafiti cuando se abre. Hay una ventana muy cercana al proscenio.
    La escena está algo oscura pues empieza a anochecer y no hay mas luz que la de algunas veladoras sobre la mesa de centro de la salita.)

    (Sofía, sentada en la sala, reza con vehemencia y gran velocidad e interrumpe sus oraciones para hablarle directamente al público.)

    SOFÍA: "Dios te salve María, llena eres de gracia, el señor es contigo bendita eres entre todas las mujeres y bendito el fruto de tu vientre Jesús, santa María madre de Dios, ruega señora por nosotros pecadores, ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte, Amén. Dios te salve María llena eres de gracia, el señor es contigo, bendita eres entre todas las mujeres, y bendito es el fruto de tu vientre Jesús..." (al público) Quién me viera ahorita, si ni yo misma me reconozco... "Santa María madre de Dios..." - Estoy rezando el rosario, con veladoras prendidas y toda la cosa... "Ruega señora por nosotros pecadores, ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte..." (se para en seco) ¿Muerte? ¡No permitas una muerte súbita! Amén. "Dios te salve María llena eres de gracia..." (al público) Esto sí que tiene gracia, yo que no me paro a misa los domingos, que a falta de rosario me estoy ayudando a contar con estos cacahuatitos, sólo dependo de la fe. Recen conmigo no sean así, ya sólo me falta medio misterio. Yo empiezo y ustedes hacen el responso, ¿sale? "¿Gloria al Padre al Hijo y al Espíritu Santo?..." (Esperando respuesta del público) No ¿verdad? Ustedes no vinieron aquí a rezar: ya sé, pagaron un boleto para ver un espectáculo, para que se les cuente una historia. ¡Claro!, si no, se hubieran metido a una iglesia, y gratis además. Bueno, no se preocupen que de aquí no se van a ir sin que se les cuente una historia. La mía, en vivo y a todo color. No sé por donde empezar, si por el principio o por el final...En fin: yo soy Sofía Andrade, casada, pero no esperen que les diga yo soy Sofía Andrade DE García, las cosas han cambiado, ¡uuhhhh! Antes se decía que una se casaba con la familia del marido, pero desde hace tiempo ya no. Ahora una se casa ¡pero con el fútbol!: Sofía Andrade de Chivas, o Sofía Andrade de Cruz Azul o de Real Madrid. Por lo que a mí respecta, el fútbol puede llegar a convertirse en el principal rival de la mujer en el matrimonio, y esta historia, por supuesto, está íntimamente relacionada al fútbol. Y yo estoy rezando para que caiga un gol, ¡un gol!, de la Selección Nacional. (Se persigna) ¡Cuándo me hubiera yo imaginado! La verdad es que si no fuera por el dichoso fútbol, mi vida sería otra cosa. ¿A poco no?: (se escucha música de Jazz ligero. Nacho sale de una habitación y se sienta en la sala escuchando un radio portátil pegado al oído) Un marido cuya pancita no ha menguado sus atractivos, un bello domingo, lleno de promesa de renovación, la oportunidad de salir del estrés, con un día de campo, una salida cultural, o simplemente quedarse en la tranquilidad del hogar viendo una buena película, o ¿qué tal una cena romántica con música de jazz al fondo (Sofía se mueve al ritmo de la música de manera cachonda, jala del brazo a su marido invitándolo a bailar. Nacho con una mano sostiene la radio y con la otro el talle de su mujer, baila completamente fuera de ritmo, y luego se vuelve a sentar.)

    ¡PERO NO! Cualquier propuesta se ve truncada por el clásico domingo futbolero, y por más que quiera una abstraerse, no hay música que sobreviva estas narraciones:

(Sofía narra gangosamente.)

    "El centro delantero se la pasa a Peróxido Luján, Moctezuma Smith hace un pase de cabeza al Veloz Vélez, Veloz Vélez, al argentino Modesto Rubio, pero es interceptado por Primitivo Madrazo quien lanza un tremendo cañonazo y .…....pegó en el travesaño"

    (Recobra su tono de voz.)

    Al cabo de los interminables dos tiempos extras, tiros de penal, y de reciclar otros tantos cartones de cerveza, olvídate de salir ni a la esquina, los claxon están chillando, las banderas ondean en cada automóvil conducido por un maniático y francamente no se va a poner una al arbitrio de los hooligans... Sólo te queda un marido de aliento alcohólico, que cambia cada cinco segundos el control de la televisión, pues para colmo ¡ve dos juegos a la vez!

    (Se escucha sonido de estadio. Cae un gol, y se oye al locutor anunciándolo vehementemente: "¡GOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOL!" Aparece Nacho cargando un radio portátil, de donde sale la narración futbolística, y bañado en lágrimas abraza a Sofía)

    SOFÍA: ¿Cayó el gol?

    NACHO (llorando): ¡Sí!

    SOFÍA: De los contrarios.

    NACHO: No.

    SOFÍA: ¿De los nuestros?

    NACHO: (asiente bañado en lágrimas.)

    SOFÍA: ¿Entonces por qué lloras?

    NACHO: ¡Fue un autogol!

    SOFÍA: Alto, alto, engarrótateme ahí. (Nacho se congela) Bueno, creo que estoy empezando al revés. Esta parte ya es para finalizar la trama. Pero no se enojen si ya les conté el final, que al fin y al cabo ya nos hemos acostumbrado a los fracasos. Mejor nos regresaremos al día en que me parecía de lo más intrascendente el marcador final de cualquier torneo de fútbol. Mi marido no traía puesta esta gorra, sino este saco (le quita la gorra y le pone un saco en los hombros). Era una noche en la que como de costumbre nos habíamos quedado sin energía eléctrica.

    (Se ilumina de golpe la escena.)

    NACHO (saliendo del congelamiento y poniéndose el saco): Vaya, hasta que llegó la luz, con tantos cortos circuitos se puede incendiar el edificio. Apaga esas velas Sofía. Ya no deben tardar los vecinos (Tocan a la puerta). Te lo dije: ahí están.

    (Nacho abre la puerta y deja entrar a los vecinos, mientras tanto Sofía apaga las veladoras.)

    SOFÍA (al público):Todo empezó con una junta vecinal para quejarnos sobre el deplorable estado de este edificio nuevo. Sí, nuevo, porque aunque está prácticamente en ruinas, apenas y cumplió dos años de construido.

    NACHO (a los vecinos): Pásenle. Siéntense por favor.

    SOFÍA (al público): Esta pareja que viene entrando aquí, son los presidentes de la honorable asociación de matrimonios cristianos, aunque a mí se me afigura que nomás andan desnudando con la vista a todo el mundo. (A los recién llegados) ¿Gustan un refresco?

    MONA: (voltea a ver al marido.)

    ULISES: ¿Tienes Coca Cola?

    SOFÍA: No pero hay...

    ULISES: Ahorita no, gracias.

    MONA (a su marido): ¿Puedo?

    ULISES (a su mujer): Toma asiento. (Mona toma asiento)

    MARINA: ¿Se puede? (Trae una charola que lleva directamente a la barra del comedor) Traje unos sandwichitos, porque "es bueno el encaje, pero no tan ancho".

    SOFÍA (al público): No podía faltar Marina, que está enterada absolutamente de todo lo que sucede en este edificio.

    MARINA: Ahí vienen el doctor Ramírez, recién llegado de una cirugía de emergencia, y Don Heriberto. Los Ascencio, no están, porque los mandaron llamar de la escuela de los hijos, ya ven que son unos vagos...

    (Entran Jaime y Heriberto y toman un lugar en la salita.)

    JAIME: Nada más estábamos esperando a que volviera la luz.

    ULISES: Haber si no hay otro apagón.

    HERIBERTO (tomando asiento): Con permiso.

    SOFÍA (al público): Jaime y Heriberto, además de profesionistas, grandes fanáticos futboleros. Estos apacibles caballeros son capaces hasta de matar al calor de un partido.

    NACHO: Pasen. Pasen por favor, tomen asiento. Bueno, pues que les parece si vamos empezando.

    JAIME: Sí, cuanto antes mejor. (Mirando su reloj) Van a pasar un especial sobre El Mundial en el canal nueve.

    (Todos están de acuerdo.)

    NACHO: Bueno pues, como quedamos en la junta anterior, ya acudí a un bufete jurídico especializado en este tipo de litigios. La constructora tiene que cumplir con lo que prometió. (A Heriberto) Tú, Heriberto, no viniste...

    MARINA: Pero yo ya lo puse al tanto de todo.

    HERIBERTO: Lo más molesto son estos apagones tan frecuentes, y precisamente ahora que está por empezar el Mundial de fútbol.

    JAIME: La instalación eléctrica está para llorar.

    MONA: Y eso que cambiamos al horario de verano, que si no, ya amenazaban con dejarnos de plano a oscuras.

    MARINA: ¡Toco madera!

    MONA: ¿Y qué me dicen de la fachada? La pintura se deslavó con las primeras lluvias. Parece mentira que usen mejor material esos vándalos para sus "ráfitis", ésos sí que no se despintan con nada.

    ULISES (Corrigiendo): ¡Grafitis mujer!

    NACHO: Bueno, como les iba diciendo, de acuerdo con el abogado, necesitamos, en primer término, darle algo al magistrado, unos dos mil o tres mil pesos, para que acelere las cosas, porque si esperamos el curso normal, el litigio podría durar una eternidad. También hay que acercarnos al diputado de distrito. Ya ven como ha criticado esos anuncios oficiales de "La vivienda es deseable para todos". "Vivienda desechable" dice él; ¡ah, y otra tajada a la secretaria de la constructora...!

    JAIME: ¿También a la secretaria?

    NACHO: ... para que nos facilite copias de las evidencias: compras de materiales inadecuados, etc. (A Sofía) Pasa las hojas para que firmen y vean más o menos de a cuánto nos va a salir levantar la demanda. Cuando ganemos, vamos a recuperarlo todo.

    ( Sofía pasa las hojas de los presupuestos, los vecinos las firman, miran, se rascan la nariz, tosen, en fin, manifiestan su espanto al ver la cifra presupuestada.)

    SOFÍA (al público): Ya de que empiezan a toser y a tocarse la nariz, es que no van a soltar ni un quinto...

    NACHO: Bueno, alguien diga algo ¿no?

    ULISES: ¡Ah caray! Yo sí firmo, pero de momento no puedo dar dinero.

    JAIME: No sale tan barato que digamos.

    NACHO: Véanlo como una manera de salvar su inversión. La plusvalía de nuestro edificio es nula en estas condiciones.

    SOFÍA: ¡ Cómo vamos a permitir que nos vean la cara de idiotas! El drenaje tampoco funciona bien.

    HERIBERTO: ¡Para qué gastar en abogados! La inmobiliaria se declaró en quiebra. Ésa era su jugada: pedir préstamos bancarios, usar de pretexto la construcción de viviendas de interés social - que de por sí tienen fama de estar en pie prácticamente con alfileres -, embolsarse tres cuartas partes del dinero, declararse en quiebra y órale, a ingresar a las listas del FOBAPROA: ¡El negocio del milenio!

    NACHO: De acuerdo, pero yo siento que hay una luz, precisamente nuestro diputado de distrito declaró por televisión su total desacuerdo ante la impunidad de los beneficiados por el FOBAPROA...

    MONA: ¡Cómo puede hablar de impunidad ese excomulgado que apoyó el aborto de la niña Paulina!

    JAIME: No me digan que van a entrar en controversias de política y aborto, justamente cuando está por empezar el reportaje especial sobre la Selección Nacional de fútbol.

    ULISES (mirando su reloj): Sí es cierto. Está por comenzar.

    HERIBERTO: Van a entrevistar a Hans Kovasevich, nuestro director técnico, y va a explicar en qué se basó para escoger a los jugadores.

    ULISES: A mí me indigna que no vaya a ir Primitivo Madrazo, solamente porque es un poco agresivo.

    MONA: ¿Un poco? La noche en que golpeó a su mujer y a su amante, el muy cínico, las mandó al mismo cuarto de hospital. A las dos las entrevistó canal 4, y ambas lo justificaron. ¡Yo no sé cómo pueden aguantar tanto!

    ULISES: La mujer debe comprender siempre al marido y por ende saber perdonar.

    MONA (sumisa): Sí mi amor.

    (La conversación aquí toma gran entusiasmo y hablan a la vez, interrumpiéndose.)

    HERIBERTO: Pero van Peróxido Luján y el Veloz Vélez. En las estadísticas nosotros somos el cuarto lugar, según la FIFA.

    NACHO: Ahí están equivocados, porque vamos a dar la sorpresa. Por fin la Raza de Bronce se llevará la presea de oro.

    SOFÍA: ¡Oigan, no cambien de tema!

    JAIME: Depende también del arbitraje, ya ven cómo están de vendidos...

    MONA: Pues no sabré de fútbol, pero yo veo lo que veo: son rete maricones, se revuelcan del dolor, y cuando ves la repetición espontánea, resulta que ni los rozaron.

    ULISES (expresión de enfado e impaciencia hacia su mujer): ¡Repetición simultánea, mujer!

    HERIBERTO: Oigan, si no ganamos es porque somos la peor afición. Nada más criticamos a los pobres jugadores; acabamos con su autoestima. Con tanta mala vibra es imposible vencer ni al equipo de Belice. Otros países llenan los estadios - sin importar la lejanía- en donde va a jugar su Selección. Por eso triunfan.

    (Los vecinos asienten.)

    ULISES: Si no es por falta de ganas que no voy a apoyarlos. (En un arranque de sentimentalismo) ¡Tan bonito que se vería el estadio ondeando nuestra bandera por miles!

    HERIBERTO: Y el himno de nuestra Selección, cantado a todo pulmón: (canta)

    "El equipo tricolor, tiene mucho corazón, y en la cancha lo demostrará..."

    (Todos cantan y terminan con la clásica porra, a excepción de Sofía.)

    SOFÍA (al público): ¡Hay que ver lo patrióticos que son en éste campo!

    MONA: Pues vamos haciendo una rifa. En el colegio de mis niñas, los padres de familia dimos una aportación, y mediante un sorteo se escogerá a una pareja para que asista a la canonización de los mártires cristeros en el Vaticano.

    JAIME (muy interesado): A ver, a ver, ¿cómo está eso?

    ULISES (quitándole la palabra a su esposa): Es buena idea, miren: los aquí presentes, aportaremos una cantidad fija, y luego rifaremos cuál de nosotros se va a ir a Japón a apoyar a la Selección Nacional a nombre de este edificio.

    MARINA: ¿Y como en cuánto saldría?

    NACHO (hace cuentas):Déjenme ver: el pasaje transpacífico, hotel una estrella, alimentación mínima... No pueden ser menos de unos seiscientos dólares por persona.

    JAIME: Regalado. Yo le entro.

    ULISES: Aquí traigo lo del autofinanciamiento, total, Dios aprieta pero no ahorca.

    SOFÍA: ¿Pero qué va a pasar con la rehabilitación del edificio?

    HERIBERTO (ignorando a Sofía): Yo en la quincena sin falta traigo mi aportación, a menos claro, que yo sea el ganador. (Se ríe emocionado)

    SOFÍA: Nacho, ¡hazlos volver a la cordura!

    NACHO (a Sofía): Tráete los dólares que tenemos bajo el colchón.

    SOFÍA (aparte a Nacho): Pero, ¿y las vacaciones?

    NACHO: Pues ¿qué más vacaciones que ir a apoyar a la Selección Nacional hasta Japón?

    SOFÍA (al público):¿Ven? ¿Ven por que odio el fútbol?

    (Sale hacia la recámara)

    NACHO: Vamos haciendo unos papelitos con nuestros nombres. (Utiliza las hojas de los presupuestos para hacer los boletitos de una rifa.)

    ULISES: Mejor algo que vaya de acuerdo con las últimas cifras de la Lotería Nacional...

    HERIBERTO: Eso es muy enredoso y somos pocos participantes. Además, el que gane apenas tiene tiempo de hacer las maletas.

    JAIME: Ahorita mismo debe salir el ganador.

    MARINA: O la ganadora, pues yo también le entro.

    MONA: Qué les parece el que le atine al número de cacahuates que hay en el botanero. El que más se acerque es el ganador.

    JAIME: Se me hace buena idea. En la feria le atiné al número de chicles en una pecera y me llevé una bicicleta.

    ULISES: Yo le entro.

    NACHO: Bueno, está bien.

    HERIBERTO: Pásenlos para ir haciendo el cálculo...(pasan el botanero y todos van                     calculando)No son muchos... yo digo que cuarenta...y dos.

    MARINA (anotando): Don Heriberto cuarenta y dos.

    JAIME: A ver, a ver, yo calculo cincuenta....no sesenta, bueno cincuenta y cinco cacahuates.

    MARINA (anotando): El Dr. Jaime: cincuenta y cinco.

    ULISES: Yo digo que cincuenta cerrados.

    MARINA (anotando): Mona y Ulises cincuenta. Ahora voy yo. Déjenme ver, yo digo que treinta y ocho... (a Nacho) Ya sólo faltas tú de apostar Nacho.

    SOFÍA ( entrando con el dinero): Aquí están los dólares.

    NACHO (a Sofía): ¿Cuántos cacahuates hay en el botanero mi amor?

    SOFÍA: ¿Cómo quieres que sepa?

    NACHO: ¿Tú cuántos crees?

    SOFÍA (hace foco al altar de la virgen): ¿Cuarenta y cinco?

    MARINA: Nacho, cuarenta y cinco.

    (Todos Ad libitum,: "Vamos a contarlos". Se ponen a contar los cacahuates, hasta que llegan al número de cuarenta y cinco.)

    MARINA: Cuarenta y cinco, ni más ni menos. ¡Nacho, eres el ganador!

    NACHO (fuera de sí): ¡Gané, gané, gané! ¡Me voy al mundial! ¡Me voy al Mundial!

    (Los vecinos le aplauden, lo felicitan y abrazan)

    JAIME: Ni hablar. Felicidades vecino.

    HERIBERTO:

    ¡Qué envidia! ¡Y de la mala, de la mala! ¡Qué suerte! Has por hacerte presente ante las cámaras, para verte por la televisión.

    ULISES: No me pesa, porque vas en nuestra representación a apoyar a nuestra Selección, a gritar a todo pulmón, a infundirles ánimo... ¡A defender a la Patria!

    MARINA: Pues a mí la verdad sí me pesa, tenía tantas ganas de conocer Japón. A lo más que he salido es a Mac Allen. Pero bueno, me conformo con que me mandes un saludo por la televisión, ya ves que hay muchos corresponsales entrevistando a la afición. Busca a uno, y dices: "Le quiero mandar un saludo a Marina Loza Sánchez, maestra de la secundaria federal número 66, que cooperó con parte de los ahorros de toda su vida, para que yo pudiera realizar este viaje y así apoyar a nuestra selección nacional"

    NACHO: Es lo primero que voy a hacer.

    ULISES: ¡Ni hablar!

    NACHO: Es cuestión de horas lo de mi salida. Faltan sólo 36 para la inauguración.

    ULISES: Vete sin pendiente, que nosotros acompañaremos a Sofía, y estaremos al pendiente de tu casa.

    NACHO: Gracias, muchas gracias a todos.

    JAIME: Ya son las nueve. Con su permiso, me voy a ver el especial deportivo.

    HERIBERTO: Vamos, vamos.

    MONA: Nos traes un recuerdito: un llaverito, una taza conmemorativa...

    SOFÍA (con coraje): O, ¿qué tal un balón haciéndose el "harakiri"?

    NACHO: Cuente con eso Doña Mona.

    (Los vecinos se despiden y van saliendo)

    ULISES: Apúrate Mona.

    JAIME: Tengo guardia, pero lo bueno es que hay televisión en la sala de terapia intensiva. Luego nos vemos.

    MARINA (asomándose por la ventana): Ya es tarde y no llegan los Ascencio todavía.

(Todos salen a ver el programa. Nacho le da un fuerte beso en la mejilla a Sofía y va a encender la tele pero ella lo intercepta.)

    SOFÍA: ¿Qué haces?

    NACHO: El programa...

    SOFÍA: Ignacio, espera un momento, tenemos que hablar.

    NACHO (Nacho enciende la TV): ¿Ahorita?

    SOFÍA (al público): Aquí se me pusieron las cosas color de hormiga, pero puse a prueba mi poder de convencimiento, ya no se trataba únicamente de las vacaciones o la remodelación urgente del edificio, quería ver quién tenía más poder sobre mi marido, si el fútbol o yo. Claro, el reto- en términos deportivos- tenía "grado de dificultad diez". Imagínense persuadir a un marido de renunciar a ir, con gastos pagados, al campeonato mundial de fútbol. Probé todo. Primero toda la fuerza matriarcal reprimida por generaciones: (a su marido. Autoritaria) Ignacio, ni te ilusiones porque tú no vas a ir a Japón...

    NACHO ( en tono burlón ): ¡Ja, ja!

    SOFÍA (al público): ¿No funcionó el autoritarismo? Bueno, probemos el uso de la razón y el sentido común (a su marido): Nacho, mira, vamos siendo realistas: por fin tenemos en nuestras manos dinero suficiente para contratar a un buen abogado. Finge que vas al mundial, pero en realidad te quedas aquí, y con el dinero demandamos a esos bandidos de la constructora. No es deshonesto, porque vamos a usar el dinero para el bien común. El torneo futbolero se acaba en unos días, en cambio el patrimonio de nuestras viviendas durará para siempre.

    NACHO (toma el teléfono): ¿Reservaciones 24 horas? Sí, buenas noches, sí, quiero hacer una reservación a Osaka Japón... ¿Abrieron dos nuevos charters? Excelente. Sí espero...

    SOFÍA (al público): ¿Qué tal entonces un poco de chantaje emocional? (A su marido) En todo caso soy yo la que ganó el viaje, puesto que fui la que adivinó el número de cacahuates del botanero. Así que yo decido no ir, y emplear el dinero en otra cosa... por ejemplo, demandar a la constructora.

    NACHO (al teléfono): ¿El paquete incluye entradas a cuatro partidos de nuestra Selección?     (Grito de entusiasmo) ¡Eeeeeeeeh!

    SOFÍA (al público):No quería llegar a estos extremos, pero ahora toca el turno al fatalismo amarillista, algo que le llegue duro y directo (a su marido, en tono melodramático): Imagínate el peligro que corren nuestras hijas, nuestras gemelitas, rozagantes y cachetoncitas. Si el edificio se incendiara, por las fallas eléctricas, moriríamos achicharrados, y si sobreviviéramos tendríamos que volver a vivir a casa de mi mamá.

    NACHO (cuelga el teléfono): ¡Con tu mamá otra vez no! ¿De qué diablos estás hablando? ¡Pero si aún no tenemos hijos!

    SOFÍA (al público): Ahora el tiro directo (Sofía se sienta sobre él, cara a cara, con una pierna en cada costado, dejando ver sus piernas de manera provocativa): Eso quiere decir, que tenemos mucho trabajo por hacer tú y yo en nuestro campo de juego. Tienes derecho a un tiro libre en mi portería, ¿Qué tal si me metes un gol? ¿mmmmmmm?

    NACHO: Eres una diabla, una perversa... (Sofía se desabrocha la blusa) ¡Ay mamá! Un momento: ¿Y a dónde se supone que iré todos estos días?

    SOFÍA: Te quedarás en tu despacho. Total, solamente serán unos cuantos días, porque de acuerdo a las estadísticas de los pasados veinte campeonatos, nuestra Selección estará de vuelta en casa al finalizar la primera ronda.

    NACHO: Eres fría y calculadora.

    SOFÍA (insinuante): Nada de fría. ¿Iniciamos el partido?

    (Se vuelve a escuchar la música de Jazz. Nacho la toma en sus brazos como recién casados y salen de escena hacia la recámara. Cambio de luz. Tocan a la puerta con insistencia. Se escuchan cornetas y matracas. Sale Nacho de la recámara en bata, abre la puerta y entran los vecinos en total euforia cargados de sombreros estrafalarios, banderas y todo tipo de afiches propios de los aficionados al soccer. Se escucha la música de fondo dedicada al fútbol, cantada por Riky Marti: "¡Go, go, go! ¡Alé, alé, alé!")

    MARINA (alarmada): ¿No piensas irte, o qué?

    NACHO: S, sí de inmediato.

    SOFÍA (saliendo de la recámara): ¿Qué pasa?

    ULISES (le pone a Nacho un sombrero enorme, con los colores nacionales, y hasta con un águila devorando una serpiente): Ha estado conmigo en todos los clásicos. (Menciona jugadores de antaño) Hasta está impermeabilizado contra la lluvia ácida... (hace gestos dando a entender que se refiere a los orines, que arrojan en ciertos estadios) ... y adentro tiene un escondite para meter chupe. Llévalo con toda dignidad, como si fuera el penacho de Moctezuma.

    JAIME (pasándole una matraca): Es primera vez que me desprendo de ella (la besa). Cálala para qué veas que potencia.

    (Nacho da una vuelta a la matraca. Mona le pinta la cara con los colores nacionales. Los vecinos son muy ruidosos. Rematan con una porra.)

    MARINA: Ten. (Le da una bandera de buen tamaño) Eres el abanderado de la secundaria 66. Los alumnos están ilusionadísimos con que la bandera de su escuela la verán por televisión, desde Japón. ¡Ah! te traje estos chiles en escabeche para que no olvides los sabores de tu "México lindo y querido".

    (Todos gritan: ¡México! ¡México! ¡México! ¡Sí se puede! ¡Sí se puede! Etc.)

    HERIBERTO: Yo te traje el sarape oficial de la Selección Nacional. Póntelo. Lo acabo de comprar. No me lo vayas a devolver sin por lo menos un par de autógrafos de los grandes. ¿Entendiste?

    (Los vecinos lo cargan en hombros y gritan ¡Sí se puede! ¡Sí se puede!)

    NACHO (desconcertado): Pero, ¿a dónde me llevan?

    ULISES: ¡Cómo que a dónde! Al Aeropuerto, ¿o qué? ¿Te piensas perder el primer partido? (A su mujer) Vieja, tráete su maleta.

    SOFÍA (haciéndole el paro): Lo que pasa es que sale a las tres y media de la madrugada, ya está contratado el taxi y todo. Ustedes saben, los cambios en el horario...

    JAIME (a los demás vecinos): Bueno, en ese caso, hay tiempo de llevarlo a la parroquia para que el padre Ángel nos lo bendiga, ya ven como es de aficionado el señor cura al fut.

    ULISES: Te vamos a pasear por todo el vecindario. (A Sofía) Préstanos un bote para juntar más cooperación, le va a hacer falta.

    HERIBERTO (tomando el último sorbo de su cerveza en lata): No hace falta, usemos éste.

    MONA: Yo pongo la primer moneda para que haga ruido.

    NACHO: Pero, si estoy en bata...

    (Lo sacan en hombros ajuareado con los objetos y gritando con gran algarabía: Alé alé alé. Sofía se queda sola un instante.)

    SOFÍA (al Público): Bueno, como podrán ver, el arranque estuvo algo alborotado. Trajeron a Nacho en hombros como a un héroe por todo el vecindario y recabaron más dinero para el largo viaje. En cuanto mi marido pudo liberarse de esos fanáticos, se refugió en su despacho. A estas horas seguramente ya estaría en el país de los sushis. (Suena el teléfono) Debe ser él. Hola mi amor. ¿Estás bien instalado? ¿Qué te hizo falta? Déjame apuntar: una cobija, cepillo de dientes... Ajá. Sí corazón. ¿Hablaste con el abogado? ¡Qué bien! No vamos a tener que justificar nada. Cuando las cosas son gratis, nadie indaga su origen. ¿Cómo te les zafaste? Yo soy la que no me puedo librar de ellos, desde el mero día de la inauguración no he tenido un minuto de paz: ven los partidos todo el día aquí en la sala, brincan en los sillones, muerden los cojines, vacían el refrigerador... ¡Hasta sueño que estoy en Japón en medio de una multitud de androides! Lo bueno es que nadie sospecha que no estás viendo el partido en vivo a diez mil kilómetros de distancia, sino vía satélite a escasas 50 cuadras de aquí. (Escuchando que se acercan los vecinos) Tengo que colgar. Yo también te amo, hasta muy pronto.

    (Cuelga abruptamente al escuchar que se aproximan los vecinos que saltan de gusto. Se instalan frente a la televisión de Sofía.)

    MARINA (que alcanzó a escuchar las últimas palabras de la conversación): ¿Cómo llegó? ¿Qué tal Osaka?

    SOFÍA (sobresaltada): M-m-muy bien. Cansado, desde luego. ¡Un viaje tan largo!

    (Los vecinos se instalan, prenden la televisión y se disponen a ver el partido.)

    ULISES (a su mujer): Vieja, arrímate unas chelas.

    (Mona se dirige al refrigerador y saca unas cervezas.)

    SOFÍA (al público): Me siento fuera de lugar en mi propia casa. No entiendo por qué no pueden ver los dichosos partidos en otro lugar. Bueno, ni al baño puedo ir porque siempre está ocupado.

    (Se escucha una narración gangosa y muy exagerada, parodiando a los locutores futboleros. Los vecinos reaccionarán con una "coreografía del espectador": se toman de la cabeza, se concentran, se ponen de pie, se vuelven a sentar, protestan, se enojan, se emocionan, sudan, se comen las uñas etc. Finalmente caerá el gol, y habrá la consiguiente reacción.)

    VOZ DEL LOCUTOR FUTBOLERO: "Nuestro equipo está sacando la casta frente a un contrincante preparado para todo, son gladiadores dispuestos a dar la vida si es preciso. Peróxido Luján, controla el balón, cinco africanos furiosos lo persiguen, lo acechan como si fueran antropófagos hambrientos, no lo dejan dar el pase... fuera. Saque de manos. Peróxido se la pasa a Moctezuma Smith, Guandú del equipo africano le mete zancadilla. ¡Fault!, el árbitro lo ignora, Cuautémoc se revuelca en el suelo, el partido continúa, Bandú, se la pasa a Dirau, Dirau corre a gran velocidad, esquiva a Vélez, se le escapa a Luján, tira y.......El portero mexicano ha desviado el potente disparo con la punta del pie izquierdo, por algo se le dice el hombre de chicle, que se estira, que se pega al balón, todo el equipo mexicano brinca sobre de él, lo besan, se le trepan, le han torcido la espalda al hombre de chicle. "Recuerde, la goma de mascar oficial del Mundial es Adams, el chicle que está en boca de los ganadores." Marcel Prust, el árbitro francés, en busca del tiempo perdido, ajusta su cronómetro. Nuestro portero, el Chicle Ortiz lanza el balón al otro lado de la cancha, lo recibe Veloz Vélez con un golpe de cabeza y... GOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOL de Méx... No señoras y señores, el árbitro está marcando fuera de lugar, y sí, efectivamente es fuera de lugar. Veloz Vélez protesta, hace una pataleta, le sacan, no, no es la tarjeta amarilla sino la tarjeta Américan Express, la llave del mundo. El equipo africano está en estado de trance, no hay quien los detenga, es un juego sucio y antideportivo el que exhiben, meten zancadilla y patadas a diestra y siniestra, Ramírez está en el suelo, herido, revolcándose del dolor después de que Yandrú le ha dado certera patada, en la espinilla, el árbitro por fin reacciona y saca la tarjeta roja para Yandrú que es expulsado del juego. Ramírez es sacado en camilla, ambos equipos juegan con diez hombres mientras que el Director Técnico de México, el señor Hans Kovasevich decide quién entrará en lugar de Ramírez. Es efectivamente el Chichicuilote Chávez quien entra, parece toro de lidia que entra con toda su fuerza al ruedo, tiene el balón, se le esquiva a Guandú, a Velao, y a Macuna Matata, da un tiro con la izquierda y Gooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooool.....

    TODOS LOS VECINOS: ¡Goooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooool!

    (Bailan, se abrazan, brincan sobre los sillones!)

    SOFÍA: ¡ No brinquen todos a la vez, miren como se cimbra el edificio, no confío en que aguante la cimentación!

    JAIME (a Sofía): ¿Sabes qué significa este gol?

    SOFÍA: ¿Qué?

    HERIBERTO: ¡Que ya pasamos a octavos de final!

    SOFÍA (casi histérica): ¡Ay no! (Al ser vista por todos con sorpresa, trata de disimular) Lo que pasa es que ya extraño demasiado a mi marido.

    MARINA (con malicia): No es bueno que una mujer extrañe demasiado al marido...

    ULISES: Estoy feliz de que Nacho esté allá. Es muy importante la presencia de los aficionados para animar al equipo.

    MARINA: ¡Miren, ahí está Nacho!

    MONA: ¡Hablando del ruin de Roma!

    (Todos se abalanzan a la televisión.)

    TODOS: ¿Dónde? ¿Dónde?

    MARINA: Allí, tamaño hormiga, pero es él, a unos cinco centímetros del anuncio de Marlboro. ¡Ah, lástima, ya cambiaron la toma!

    ULISES: ¡Mi sombrero! ¿Traía puesto mi sombrero?

    HERIBERTO: Cámbiale al canal 8, ahí pasan los partidos diferidos, y lo podemos volver a ver.

    SOFÍA (al público): ¡Lo van a ver otra vez! Necesito mi privacidad. Esto está peor que si estuviera Nacho viendo el fútbol. Ahora sí que me agarraron en Off side. ¡Parece que ya se mudaron a mi sala! (Súbitamente, se le ocurre una idea, y se dirige a sus vecinos exageradamente amable.) Se quedan ustedes en su casa, tengo que salir. (Toma su bolsa y se pone lápiz labial.)

    MARINA: ¿A dónde tan pintadita?

    SOFÍA: Al supermercado.

    MONA: ¡Qué bueno! Porque tienes el "refri" vacío.

    ULISES: Tengo un hambre atroz.

    HERIBERTO (albureando): Más vale un hambre atroz que un hombre atrás.

    JAIME: Tampoco hay cervezas.

    Ulises: En serio: hace falta más botana.

    SOFÍA (irónica): ¿Algo más?

    (Los vecinos no le contestan; están embebidos viendo la televisión. Sofía sale, y al cabo de unos segundos se va la luz.)

    ULISES: ¡Otra vez el maldito corto circuito!

    HERIBERTO: Pero eso ya no es cosa del edificio, sino de la CFE y a nivel nacional.

    MONA: Por lo menos alcanzamos a verlo en vivo.

    MARINA: Yo quería ver de nuevo a Nacho. ¿Se fijaron si traía la bandera de mi escuela?

    (Algunos niegan con el gesto.)

    HERIBERTO: Bueno, pues lo mejor será retirarnos a descansar. Mañana los juegos se van a poner cardíacos.

    JAIME (a manera de despedida): A propósito, ya me tengo que ir al hospital.

    MONA: Pero doctor, casi no ha dormido...

    JAIME: Me voy a echar un sueñito en la sala de urgencias.

    MARINA: Ni lo piense. Con los festejos del triunfo de hoy, las salas de urgencia de los hospitales van a estar a reventar: congestiones alcohólicas, fracturas por caídas de los monumentos, hasta heridos por balas perdidas...

    JAIME (bostezando): Es cierto. Mejor me reporto enfermo.

    ULISES (a Mona): Vámonos pues, vieja.

    (En cuanto todos salen, vuelve la luz, y entra Sofía sigilosa.)

    SOFÍA: En ésta ocasión no fue el corto circuito (se ríe). Apagué el interruptor general por unos minutos y ¡bingo!: al fin sola, en mi casa, en silencio. ¿Ir al mandado? ¡Imposible! : entre tantas manifestaciones de euforia, remedos de "batucadas", el tránsito está parado, y es cuando rompen los vidrios de los coches. Bueno, es tiempo de acomodar este mugrero. (Sofía recoge platos sucios y acomoda su sala. Música ambiental.)

    ( Al público) Así cumplió mi marido catorce días de estancia en el país Nipón... Bueno, ustedes saben, a fuerza de fingir, hasta yo misma lo creo en Japón...

    (Tocan a la puerta.)

    SOFÍA: Debí haber quitado los fusibles. Aquí vienen de retache. Pero se supone que estoy en el súper. (Se asoma por el ojo de la puerta)¿Quién es?

    ABOGADO (en off): Soy el licenciado Fermín Camarena, me envía el Sr. Ignacio García.

    SOFÍA (abre la puerta, y hace entrar rápidamente al licenciado): Pase, pase, soy Sofía Andrade, su esposa.

    ABOGADO: Encantado de conocerla. Permítame obsequiarle esta bolsa de recuerditos de las elecciones pasadas las perdimos por culpa de esos tecnócratas que no saben de mercadotecnia: jabones, bolígrafos, camisetas, mandiles, encendedores, balones, en fin detallitos que no cae nada mal tener a la mano (mira a su alrededor).

    SOFÍA: Muchas gracias. Tome asiento por favor. Usted dispensará el tiradero, pero con esto del Mundial...

    ABOGADO (entusiasmado de tocar el tema): ¡Qué juegazos hemos visto! Holanda, como siempre se ha lucido, y ¿qué tal los jugadorazos de Brasil? Lo que sí me sorprende es lo de nuestra Selección, que eso de llegar a cuartos de final nunca se había visto: mire que ganarle a Argentina, Italia, Alemania y Uganda... eso amerita estar en el mismísimo estadio...

    SOFÍA (interrumpiendo): Perdone que lo interrumpa licenciado, pero, ¿decía que tiene algún mensaje de mi esposo?

    ABOGADO: Sí, sí señora, precisamente lo dejé en los juzgados, pero nos van a hacer falta diez mil pesos a fin de, como quién dice, "meter nuestro gol de oro" en este asunto.

    SOFÍA: ¡Diez mil pesos! ¿De dónde? Qué raro, Ignacio sabe que a duras penas si llegamos a los tres mil.

    ABOGADO (remendándole): Precisamente señora, si usted me dejara hablar... Ignacio me dijo que viniera por esos tres mil pesos, puesto que él ya consiguió el resto, aprovechando mis contactos y que se pusieron de modo en el juzgado, porque regularmente esto cuesta el triple... ¿Apoco no esta feliz con la noticia señora?

    SOFÍA (sin entusiasmo): México en cuartos de final.

    ABOGADO: Aparte de eso, ¿no le ha dicho su esposo que los de la constructora ya se comprometieron a asignarles un departamento completamente nuevo, y nada menos que en la colonia Providencia?

    SOFÍA: (emocionada): ¡No, no sabía!

    ABOGADO: Perdone señora, seguramente ya arruiné la sorpresa que le tenía su esposo. Qué pena...

    SOFÍA (muy contenta): No se preocupe licenciado. ¿Entonces nos van a dar otro departamento? ¿Y bien construido, o otra cochinada como ésta?

    ABOGADO: Cómo cree señora. Entonces qué caso tendría el cambio. Precisamente, ya le hemos pagado a peritos para que verifiquen el perfecto estado de construcción del departamento nuevo que se les asignó. Ah, pero eso sí: con la condición de que guarden un secreto total con el resto de los vecinos.

    SOFÍA: ¿Quiere decir que la constructora no va a remediar todos los desperfectos que tenemos aquí?

    ABOGADO: La constructora es deudora, y aunque el FOBAPROA ya absorbió todo, dése de santos que a ustedes sí les van a responder.

    SOFÍA: ¿Pero, y los demás?

    ABOGADO: Los demás son unos apáticos. Ustedes son los que se han echado la bronca y han hecho todo el ruido. A la constructora le sale más barato mocharse con ustedes y que no se hagan más olas.

    SOFÍA: Le voy a hacer un cheque por los tres mil pesos.

    (El abogado hace cuentas y luego se pone a leer el Esto.)

    SOFÍA: ¿Dice que Ignacio está ahorita en los juzgados? (Mira su reloj) ¿Pues hasta qué horas trabajan?

    ABOGADO: Por eso le voy a pedir que no me entretenga, que ya nomás me está esperando Rosi, la secretaria, para poderse retirar, pues el documento debe llevar el sello con la fecha de hoy por cuestiones legales. Así que hágalo al portador y con fecha de ayer.

    SOFÍA (dándole el cheque): Sí, sí aquí tiene licenciado Camarena. Le ruego que salga sin que nadie lo vea, porque los vecinos de aquí son de lo más mitoteros...

    ABOGADO: Sí, sí, ya su marido me puso al tanto. Buenas noches, y ¡felicidades!

    (El abogado sale.)

    SOFÍA: Valió la pena. ¡Y en Providencia! ¡El sueño de toda mi vida! Me da pena por los vecinos, pero tiene razón el abogado: a ellos no parece interesarles nada que no sea el fútbol.

    (Mientras habla Sofía, entra Nacho sigilosamente sin que ella se percate. Trae un pasamontañas. La abraza por detrás y ella grita.)

    SOFÍA: ¡Ayyyyyyyyyy!

    NACHO: No te asustes, soy yo.

    SOFÍA: ¡Pero cómo pudiste...! ¿No te vio nadie?

    NACHO: Nadie. Tuve mucho cuidado. No aguanto ya más tiempo en el despacho. Los mosquitos me comen por las noches, los resortes del sofá están acabando con mi espalda y... además, ¿ya se te olvidó lo de las gemelitas? (Se pone cachondo.)

    SOFÍA: Nacho, mi amor, ¡tenemos que celebrar! pero, no debiste haberte salido del juzgado, en este momento el licenciado Camarena va en camino con el dinero.

    NACHO: ¿Cuál dinero?

    SOFÍA: Los tres mil pesos que me pediste para que se nos asigne el departamento de Providencia...

    NACHO (derrumbándose): ¿Le diste dinero a ese pillo? ¡Nooooo!

    SOFÍA: ¿Qué pasa Ignacio?

    NACHO: Que el dichoso abogado nos robó. Me sacó hasta el último centavo según él para repartir entre magistrados, jueces, secretarios, documentación... y todo para nada: la constructora compró al diputado y me tienen amenazado de muerte si seguimos adelante, porque no quieren que el asunto se politice. Creo que la cosa va en serio (se quita el pasamontañas y muestra su rostro golpeado). Ya me pusieron una calentadita para que lo entienda mejor. No he podido hablar con el abogado, parece que se lo tragó la tierra, y ahora me dices que le diste nuestro dinero!

    SOFÍA: ¡Nacho! ¡Mírate nada más! Nunca creí... ¡Cómo pude ser tan ilusa! En este país las ilusiones sólo se experimentan por televisión. ¡Me siento tan culpable!

    NACHO: No es tu culpa, yo también le creí el cuento ese del apartamento nuevecito... Ese cabrón me aseguró que la teníamos ganada, que el juez era su compadre...

    SOFÍA: Quédate un rato. Es peligroso, porque todos los vecinos te hacen en Japón, no salen de la sala, y si te cacharan aquí, no quiero ni pensarlo. Están más fanáticos que nunca con los triunfos de la Selección Nacional. Pero mira: como a eso de las cuatro de la mañana, te retachas a tu despacho. Imagínate si los vecinos se dieran cuenta del engaño... Lo bueno es que ya está por concluir todo.

    NACHO: ¿Concluir todo? Nunca en la historia de este país la Selección Nacional había llegado a las semifinales.

    SOFÍA: La locura es total, Dios nos libre de que pasen a la final, porque entonces sí se paraliza el país.

    NACHO (entra a la recámara y llama a Sofía): Mi vida, ven a consolarme, te necesito tanto...

    SOFÍA: Sí mi amor. Al menos nos tenemos el uno al otro.

    NACHO: Cierra bien las puertas.

    (Se escucha un jazz sensual. Sofía se dirige a la recámara. Cambio de luces. Se escuchan murmullos y movimientos torpes. Es Ulises que entra por la ventana del Apartamento. Luego sin hacer ruido abre la puerta por donde entran Mona y Marina, en ropa de dormir. Hablan en susurros.)

    ULISES: ¿Está segura de lo que dice doña Marina?

    MARINA: Ya decía yo que no es bueno que una mujer joven extrañe tanto al marido...

    (Ulises pega la oreja a la puerta, y escucha ruidos.)

    MONA: ¿Y ahorita mismo está con su amante?

    ULISES: ¡Desvergonzada!

    MONA: ¿Y cómo es el hombre?

    MARINA: Primero metió a un hombre muy trajeado, que salió feliz dando de saltos, y luego lueguito llegó éste otro que es todo lo contrario: háganse de cuenta que es el propio Subcomandante Marcos. ¿No la notaban impaciente, como que quería que ya nos saliéramos de su casa?

    MONA: Es que ya traía su plan. Además de adúltera, nos resultó con nexos guerrilleros... ¡Qué miedo! Mejor nos vamos.

    ULISES (a Mona): Nada de eso. La autoridad moral de mi investidura como presidente de los matrimonios cristianos, católicos apostólicos y amigos de Fox, me obliga a poner en evidencia una conducta a todas luces perversa. De tal manera que, así como Nacho nos está representando como afición en Japón, nosotros lo representamos aquí. Entre todos vamos a desenmascarar a esa puta.

    MONA: ¡Ulises!

    ULISES: Llámalos a todos.

    MONA: Sí, sí, enseguida. Con razón estaba tan renuente a pertenecer al grupo de matrimonios cristianos... (sale encarrerada.)

    MARINA: Pobre Nachito, tan lejos y ni se imagina que le están poniendo tamaños cuernos.

    (Se acercan a la recámara y escuchan jadeos fogosos.)

    MARINA: ¡Ave María Santísima! ¡Están - como dicen los chavos– en pleno "prau- prau"!

    ULISES (le tapa los oídos y se le repega cachondo): No oiga esas cosas. Permítame proteger sus castos oídos.

    MARINA: No crea que porque soy soltera no estoy al tanto en estas cuestiones: con mucha pena le digo que en la secundaria número 66, somos primer lugar nacional en embarazo adolescente... (lo tutea) Necesito un hombre como tú... para dar algunas conferencias en nuestro plantel, a veces me siento tan sola en mi labor...

    ULISES: Me encantaría, la sexualidad es un tema que debe introducirse a los jóvenes, ligado a los principios morales y religiosos para evitar caer precisamente (por los ruidos de la recámara de Sofía) en estas situaciones tan, tan...

    MARINA (se sostiene del brazo de Ulises): ¡Ay perdona! Como que me marié. ¡Esto no deja ser de lo más bochornoso!

    ULISES (abrazándola): Apóyate en mí Marina, una mujer siempre debe tener a su lado un hombre en el que pueda confiar de manera incondicional. Cuando te sientas sola, llámame, que al fin y al cabo somos vecinos y podríamos encontrar un tiempecito para consolarnos de tantas vicisitudes que nos toca vivir en nuestra vida profesional. Siempre te he visto a ti, como un destino vecino al mío, como un ángel generoso y comprensivo que se da sin exigir nada a cambio...

    MARINA: ¡Qué bonito hablas! Somos una especie como de almas gemelas, ¿No es así? (Se abrazan y cachondean.)

    ULISES (cachondamente. Por Sofía): ¡Mujer de la calle!

    MARINA: ¡Adúltera!

    ULISES: ¡Perra!

    MARINA: Todos los benditos hombres son tan puercos...

    (Entra Heriberto, Jaime y Mona. Ulises y Marina se separan abruptamente. Ulises les hace señas de que no hagan ruido. Hablan en susurros.)

    HERIBERTO: ¿Alguien me quiere explicar qué está pasando aquí?.

    ULISES: ¡Algo indignante!

    MONA: Sofía le está dando vuelo a la hilacha. Ahorita mismo está metida en la cama con un guerrillero.

    HERIBERTO: ¿Y para eso me despertaron? En estos momentos estoy muy por encima de todo: nada va a distraerme de este maravilloso sabor de boca que me han dejado los partidos. ¿No se dan cuenta de que estamos a punto de ser los campeones mundiales?

    JAIME: ¡Nada debe empañar esta satisfacción que nos embriaga a todos los mexicanos, en estos históricos momentos! Es como si el tiempo se detuviera: nadie llega a tiempo a trabajar, los bancos y las escuelas cierran a deshoras, la policía se hace de la vista gorda ante los desórdenes y los saqueos... ¿Cuál es el problema?

    HERIBERTO: Con triunfos como éste, ¡que viva la impunidad!

    MONA: ¡Son días de goles, regocijo y perdón!

    MONA: El cambio a llegado hasta para la Selección Nacional.

    ULISES: Está bien. Pero por mi investidura, tengo el deber de informarle a Nacho, con detalle, todo lo que ocurrió en su habitación durante su ausencia.

    JAIME: Bueno ya estuvo bien. Ya han sido demasiadas emociones por hoy, y el juego en vivo lo van a pasar de madrugada.

    HERIBERTO: En ese caso, vámonos ya.

    ULISES (a su mujer): Vete adelantando Mona, yo todavía me voy a entretener un rato más. (A Marina) Te acompaño...

    MARINA: ¡Siento un calorcito que me sube y me baja!

    (Los vecinos hacen comentarios entre ellos y ya para salir se asoma Sofía de la recámara, cubierta con una sábana.)

    SOFÍA: ¡Qué hacen ustedes aquí!

    MARINA (maliciosa): Ya sabemos el secreto que escondes, Sofía.

    SOFÍA (nerviosa): ¿Cuál secreto?

    ULISES: Pobre Nachito, es un verdadero mártir.

    SOFÍA: Pero ustedes merecen una explicación... Aparentemente, se trata de un engaño, pero no es así: Nacho quería cumplir, de todo corazón, pero a la hora de la hora no pudimos... fue mi culpa, yo lo presioné

    JAIME (bostezando): No necesitas explicar nada...

    HERIBERTO: Y disculpa la intromisión.

    SOFÍA (hacia adentro de la recámara): ¿Ya escuchaste Nacho? Son mucho más comprensivos de lo que nos suponíamos. ¡No necesitas esconderte ni un día más!

    NACHO (saliendo de la recámara): Gracias amigos.

    TODOS: ¿¡NACHO!?

    MARINA: ¿Dónde está tu amante?

    SOFÍA: ¡Cuál amante!

    MONA: El guerrillero que se metía por la ventana.

    HERIBERTO: ¿Qué haces aquí?

    JAIME: Te acabamos de ver en la tele, directo desde Japón...a menos que...

    MARINA: A menos que no fueras tú...

    MONA: Porque tú estás aquí...

    ULISES: Y si estás aquí, es porque no estás en Japón, y si no estás en Japón...

    HERIBERTO : ¡Es que nunca te fuiste!

    NACHO: Puedo explicarlo todo...

    ULISES (muy violento): ¡Canalla! ¡Yo te mato hijo de la ...!

    ( Ulises va a golpear a Nacho. Sofía se interpone.)

    SOFÍA: ¡No que no había problema!

    JAIME: Nos dijeron que habías metido a un hombre a tu cama, y eso es asunto tuyo, pero el que Nacho esté aquí y no en Japón, es asunto de todos nosotros: ¡pagamos para que estuviera apoyando al equipo en estos momentos!

    SOFÍA: Nacho sacrificó su sueño de ir al mundial, por un sueño de justicia. Todos los recursos se emplearon en el litigio.

    ULISES: Eso no cambia las cosas, imbécil. (Los vecinos lo detienen) Suéltenme, suéltenme...

    HERIBERTO: Nos engañaron.

    JAIME: Canallas.

    NACHO: ¿Qué les pasa? Yo me sacrifiqué de no ir al Mundial por el bien común, ¿y todavía me quieren madrear?

    JAIME: ¿Y tú quién eres para decidir qué es el bien común? ¿No sabes lo que es una democracia?

    SOFÍA: La democracia se alcanza cuando existe una mayoría que razona, y no con el voto de unos enajenados, manipulados por la publicidad y el fanatismo...

    ULISES: Aquí hubo fraude. Orquestaron todo desde un principio, hasta lo de los cacahuates ya estaba calculado con anticipación...

    SOFÍA: No. Pero, ¿de qué se quejan? Es igual que esté o no esté Nacho allá, el equipo ya pasó a semifinales.

    JAIME (casi en lágrimas): ¡Cuando más necesitan de nuestro apoyo!

    MONA: ¡Regrésame mis ahorros!

    NACHO: Se lo di todo al abogado.

    ULISES: Pues más te vale Nacho que no pierda la Selección, porque si p
          Review : Still Midnight        
Still Midnight by Denise Mina. Reagan Arthur Books, 2010.

[Source: Purchased]

Still Midnight is the first in Denise Mina’s DS Alex Morrow series. The novel opens with the crime. The culprits are looking for someone named Bob. When no one in the house they attack is called Bob, they take the father, a simple Ugandan shop owner, for ransom. The police must figure out why the family was targeted and race against the clock to save the father. DS Alex Morrow is, of course, the one to figure it all out even though she is passed over as head of the case for the boss’ protégé, DS Grant Bannerman.

Still Midnight is a classic story of bumbling criminals except that there is nothing comical about the situation. I found myself cringing at both their actions and their stupidity, especially the ringleader, Eddy. The character of Alex Morrow is reminiscent of the great Jane Tennison from Prime Suspect. DS Alex Morrow is a woman in a man’s world. She is disliked by her male colleagues for being a female officer -- and for being a good one. There is also underlying tension in her personal life, which remains unexplained for a large portion of the novel.

I was fully engrossed in the narrative and was taken off guard by the twist that pulls all the strings together. In my book, these are hallmarks of well-constructed crime fiction. If you are a fan of strong, female characters in crime fiction, Still Midnight is the book for you.

Buy Still Midnight from Powell's or Amazon.com.

          World Breastfeeding Week Highlights Plight Of South Sudan's Mothers        
Seven month-old Alex and his mom Rose fled South Sudan for Uganda.

World Breastfeeding Week 2017 has come to a close. This year, the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action is focusing on four key areas that influence women's ability to breastfeed.

They are:

  • Environment and climate change
  • Nutrition, food security and poverty reduction
  • Women's productivity and employment
  • Survival, health and wellbeing

Looking at those bullet points, I know that there is still so much work to be done. For women in some of the world's poorest places, all of these areas are working against, not for them.

Perhaps one of the toughest places to be a mother is South Sudan, where violence and drought have combined to create one of the most serious humanitarian crises of our time. Half of South Sudan's population, six million people, are at risk of starvation. Two million people are internally displaced, and another almost two million are seeking refuge and food in other countries.

Onesta, from South Sudan, breastfeeds her two month-old daughter Diana in a sweltering refugee tent.

A desperate journey

As we observed World Breastfeeding Week, mothers and children in South Sudan made the journey towards safe haven across the border into neighbouring Uganda. Many trekked for days and weeks through scorched bush in 40-degree heat. Children and mothers foraged wild fruits and filled punctured water containers at scarce wells and contaminated water sources.

Along the journey, there is no place to sleep, no ability to bring treasured or even practical belongings, no assurance that they will reach their destination.

For those who successfully cross the border into Uganda, there will finally be relief, safety and community. But even there, rations will be just enough to feed their bellies. The humanitarian community and the Ugandan government are struggling to be able to meet the basic needs of nearly a million South Sudanese who have fled conflict and famine.

At 86 per cent, women and children far outweigh male arrivals. Many husbands, fathers and brothers stay behind to fight on both sides, or, in so many cases, have already perished in the conflict. The women and young girls are especially vulnerable to attack along the way, and must often find hiding places in order to sleep.

A baby girl looks over a woman's shoulder

Seeing the situation firsthand

Recently, my World Vision colleague Kristy Allen-Shirley travelled to Bidibidi refugee camp in Uganda, the largest refugee settlement in the world. It's a place that didn't exist nine months ago, but now is overflowing with those fleeing famine and violence. Kristy writes:

The mothers I met in the camp in Uganda, some only hours after arriving in "reception centres" set up to process, assess and assist refugees, are visibly exhausted, patiently awaiting a first hot meal of cornmeal and beans to share with their hungry children.

The line for the meal is long, sometimes taking seven hours to feed the new arrivals. Everywhere, babies wail, nuzzling at their mum's breast for any milk.

Lilian, 27, whose husband and three-year-old child died, is now struggling to feed two-month-old Jonathan. She tells me, "there is no milk coming." Her body is so starved of nutrition that it cannot produce milk. Lilian dips her little finger into the bean gravy and little Jonathan draws on it frantically.

For mothers like Lilian, assistance is already in motion. Once she has registered in the centre, aid agencies collectively ensure each family is given emergency accommodation, food, water and specialist support.

Within a few days she will be allocated her own plot with tent, items such as a mosquito net, solar-powered lamp, tools and food. It is the start of a new kind of journey and one where the future is far from certain, but whilst in the settlement, safety is mostly assured.

Lilian is counting her blessings. She worries for the many others back home: "There are many more coming here," she says.

More than 2,000 people are arriving each day, careening towards a total refugee population of one million.

"Whatever you have, that is what we need," she says, "For now, I just want my baby to be safe."

Help is needed

A recent World Vision report revealed that 81 per cent of South Sudanese moms in Uganda exclusively breastfeed their babies for the first six months. That's compared to 26 per cent in Canada!

After surviving the difficult journey to safety, moms like Lilian have a deep commitment to helping their children survive, no matter what it takes. There is no money to buy formula, and without the usual agricultural tasks moms would have had at home in South Sudan, they spend their time on their kids. That includes breastfeeding whenever baby is hungry.

But Lilian first needs the right food to help feed baby Jonathan. With mom's nutrition levels rising, her milk production will be able to get back to normal.

Jonathan shares his mom's meal of beans and rice.

World Vision is working in Uganda's biggest refugee settlements, already assisting more than 600,000 people like Lilian and Jonathan with food, child protection, water and sanitation and relief items. Will you consider donating to help families like these in the world's most vulnerable places? For a mom and her breastfeeding baby, it could be the lifeline they need.

With files from Kristy Allen-Shirley


          Tragedi first date         
Assalamualaikum ❤
Pertemuan pertama atau dalam bahasa Uganda lebih dikenali sebagai “first date” ini sering terjadi kepada orang yang baru berjinak-jinak nak bercinta. 

By the way, tak kesah la kenal dalam hutan ke facebook ke atau dalam reban sekali pun mesti nak dating atau bahasa mudahnya date. 

Bila tengah syok date tu banyak perkara yang perlu dielakkan antaranya.. 


  • Tidak tepati masa/janji 

Tolong keluar lebih awal. Paling bagus selepas solat subuh ke. Orang yang memungkiri janji ni orang yang munafik. Ikat jam dekat kepala pun satu kaedah yang paling-paling popular bagi orang kerap makan semut ni. 


  • Telefon

Kalau boleh jangan terlalu berkepit dengan telefon. Telefon pun satu asyik nak berkepit je dengan kita. Habis siapa yang harus dipersalahkan? Lu pikir la sendiri. 


  • Mata

Tolong jangan gatal beberapa jam bila anda bersama si dia. Jaga mata daripada terjonggol keluar apabila tertengok perempuan atau jejaka yang tak cukup kain. Astagfirullahalhazim mengucap mengucap.. 


  • Maksiat 

Jarang kita tengok bila date bawak orang satu stadium kan? Bagus ni. Boleh mengelak fitnah. Biasalah mulut orang ni kekadang macam loji sampah. Ada je benda nak mengumpat macam tak cukup mulut sampai tak sedar tersembur air liur ish ishh ishhh.. 


  • Cerita basi

Bukak topik pasal hubungan lalu boleh terjerumus ke lembah ke’menyampah’an si dia. Tak pasal-pasal hilang terus mood nak berdating. Tak ke nanti berkumandang lagu pelamin anganku musnah selepas itu. Eh ada kena mengena ke? 


Ku angankan pelamin indah, untuk kita berdua singgah. Sayangnya.. semua MUSNAH..... 

Alahai syahdunya.. Selamat beramal ♥

p/s: Payah betul update pakai galaxy s4 ni =.="

          Comment on 3 Steps to Achieving Greatness by wamala steven        
praise Jesus Christ praise God thanks for worshiping God and serving His Name . I am wamala steven from Uganda hopefully writing to you now after talking to my mentor Jeffrey Narvasa who made me aware of what I wanted. l mainly want to partner with your ministry in missionary work with my brother Robert. hope for the best information from you about how I can connect with you and you get to know more about us we are living gospel church from Uganda GOD BLESS YOU TODAY AND FOREVER AMEN YOURS SINCERELY WAMALA STEVEN (YOUTH AND CHILDREN LEADER, ENVANGELISM AND INTERCESSION LEADER FOR YOUTHS +256777623896
          Kenya's Reelected Leader Must End Horrifying Anal Exams        
Commentary

Will President Uhuru Kenyatta nudge his nation toward the future or keep it in the past?

WorldKenya's Reelected Leader Must End Horrifying Anal ExamsEric Gitari

Kenya, the economic and political powerhouse of Eastern and Central Africa, held an election this week to choose the fifth president of the country since independence. While the vote is still being contested by opposition leader Raila Odinga, it appears that incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta just won a second and final term. When it comes to defending the human rights of Kenya’s LGBTIQ citizens, Kenyatta’s record is critically important to our emerging democracy.

During President Obama’s visit to Kenya in 2015, Kenyatta said, “We share a lot of things, but gay issues are not among them. ... There are some things that we must admit we don't share. It's very difficult for us to impose on people that which they themselves do not accept. This is why I say for Kenyans today the issue of gay rights is really a nonissue." Kenyatta was responding to Obama, who emphasized the need for Kenya to stop discriminating against gays and lesbians, saying, “I've been consistent all across Africa on this. When you start treating people differently because they're different, that's the path whereby freedoms begin to erode. And bad things happen.”

During an interview with CNN in October 2015, Kenyatta underlined that what he meant when responding to Obama was not that gays have no rights. "I will not allow people to persecute any individuals, or beat and torture them," he said, adding that "we have to understand that these are processes and they take time ... and this is where I am saying we have to get synergies. You are not going to create the U.S., Great Britain, or Netherlands in Kenya, or in Nigeria or Senegal overnight."

President Kenyatta’s lack of leadership on LGBTIQ issues is of great concern. The unsupportive public statements have offered license to state officers who continue to harass and arrest gays and lesbians; political cover to those who deny LGBTIQ citizens access to medical, educational, and other social services; and a justification for hate crimes committed by the general public. The use of forced anal exams to “prove” homosexual activity stands out as a particularly brutal form of torture in this larger context.

From 2015 to March 2017, senior state officers in Kenya have been encouraging police to use forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women to prove the crime of private consensual homosexual adult sex, which is punishable with 14 years imprisonment. The outdated practice, which has so far been perfomed on two of our clients and has been used as a threat on others, involves a doctor inserting fingers or objects inside the rectum of a detainee, measuring the anus to assess indications of penetration, or even simply spotlighting the anus to check for bruises or tears. This practice, which has been upheld as valid by the High Court of Kenya, only serves to degrade and humiliate suspected gay men, since no further medical analysis is performed to prove the penetration was the result of consensual sexual activity by another man. These tests serve no evidentiary value in proving the crime of private consensual homosexual adult sex, and they have been denounced by medical and forensic athorities around the world.

In Africa, forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women have been reported in Tanzania, Egypt, Tunisia, Uganda, and Cameroon. The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights noted in 2016 that forced anal examination constitutes torture. It has asked African states to respect Resolution 275 of the commission, which forbids violence and discrimination on the basis of real or imputed sexual orientation and gender identity. It also should be noted that Kenya has robust antitorture legislation, which defines torture to include the insertion of objects into sexual organs, including the anus. Unfortunately, there is little political will to extend the equal protection and equal benefits of such laws to gay men and trans women, who are now at risk of these forced anal examinations.

In this context, where there is no political will to enforce the law equally and where court appeals against the use of forced anal examinations languish in Kenyan courts, and with cases of blackmail, extortion, and detention of gay men and trans women on the rise, the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission of Kenya and the Council for Global Equality have asked the U.S. government to sanction those who are responsible for this barbaric practice. Together, we have lodged an application with the U.S. State Department under the Global Magnitsky Act to sanction senior Kenyan officers and medical professionals who are encouraging or performing forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women, arguing that these practices amount to torture or cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment. We hope the public discourse that the Global Magnitsky application brings will shine a spotlight on the cruelty of this procedure, highlighting the pointless and irreversible injury it causes to the dignity of the victim. 

This is just one human rights issue that will determine Kenya’s commitment to democracy and the rule of law. President Kenyatta will have to show leadership in ending this act of torture and many other forms of violence and discrimination against LGBTIQ citizens. He must also engage diplomatically to avoid sanctions against senior individual state officers and to uphold the international reputation of Kenya as a regional leader when it comes to democracy and equality.

ERIC GITARI is the executive director of the NGLHRC-Kenya and an LL.M. student at Harvard Law School.

00
          HUKUMAN UNTUK PASANGAN SEJENIS BERMULA DARI TAHUN 390 MASEHI        


MOHON SEMUA PUAK LGBT BACA NI DAN SILA KENCING DAN CIRIT DALAM SELUAR!!!



1. ROME










Pada tahun 390 masehi zaman Rome, pasangan yang melakukan hubungan sejenis akan diikat di tiang lalu dinyalakan unggun api untuk membakar mereka disaat mereka masih hidup. Mereka akan mati secara perlahan-lahan dan menyeksakan. Inilah yang terjadi kepada pemerintah Hadrianus dan pasangannya Antinous.




2. SUDAN










Hukuman ini dijalankan di negara Sudan untuk mereka yang mempunyai hubungan sejenis. Mereka akan ditanam hingga leher dan dibaling batu beramai-ramai. Jika kaum sejenis itu perempuan maka mereka akan terus dihukum. Jika pasangan lelaki sama lelaki mereka akan dapat toleransi dari pemerintah. Tetapi Jika melakukan kesalahan hingga 3 kali, mereka akan direjam terus.


3. ENGLAND






Hukuman dalam gambar ini berlaku di England. Perlaku akan dihukum dengan diseret oleh 4 ekor kuda kemudian digantung pada ketinggian 15meter. Dalam keadaan separuh sedar perlaku akan diikat di tangganya lalu disandarkan di sebuah tembok. Kemudian mereka akan diseksa. Kemaluan dipotong dan dikeluarkan isi perut. Hukuman ini dibuat hanya untuk menjadi tontonan masyarakat supaya dapat mengambil pengajaran.


4. AMERIKA






Amerika merupakan negara liberal yang memberi kebebasan rakyatnya berkahwin sesama jenis. Namun cerita ini amat berbeza pada zaman dahulu. Pada tahun 1513 pernah terjadi pembunuhan kaum sejenis secara besar-besaran. Mereka akan dibiarkan mati dengan dimakan oleh anjing-anjing ganas. Hukuman ini dijalankan di tempat umum agar memberi peringatan kepada orang lain.


5. IRAN & UGANDA






Hukuman dirotan dan digantung ini berlaku di Iran dan Uganda bahkan masih dilakukan pada abad ke 20. Mereka yang melakukan perbuatan sejenis akan dirotan dahulu hingga lemah kemudian terus dibawa gantung. Hukuman ini juga dilakukan untuk di pertontonkan oleh ramai orang.






          Ugandan gold rush stopped by authorities        
The gold mines of Mubende provide jobs for many Ugandans, but they were shut down without warning.
          Shut down         
Thousands of Ugandans have in recent years sought their fortune in the country's gold fields, but authorities have now clamped down hard on the unregistered miners.
          Talent Feature – “What Did You Do in This Life”? Ask Amrit Vatsa        

As part of our aim to strengthen the connection between us and our readers, we decided to give our talented audience out there a stage to express themselves and share their success stories in our new weekly TALENT FEATURE. We hope that with time, these guest posts will become a source of inspiration to our colleagues wherever they are. If you are interested in participating, please upload your video to our VIDEOLOG and follow the rest of the submission process by reading the information here. (Intro by Johnnie Behiri)

Amrit Vatsa is an independent documentary film-maker based in Goa, India. Over the last two years, he has created over twenty short documentary films under the banner of 3MinuteStories.com, a website that he started in 2014. “Because rape is not always about sex” is his most viewed short-documentary, with just short of 1 million views on Vimeo.
His story subjects are typically individuals, institutions or initiatives – but there is no one particular theme as such. Amrit is still waiting for that first story that motivates him enough to try making a feature length documentary film about it.

Name: Amrit Vatsa
Age: 32
Currently based in: Goa, India.
Language(s) spoken: English, Hindi
Occupation: Documentary Filmmaker, Wedding Photographer & Cinematographer
How did you get started in our industry: In 2008, after my post graduation in engineering, I joined a business consulting firm in India and worked for four years. I loved my job, but it was also like playing a video-game and getting paid for doing so. A video-game might keep you entertained on a daily basis, and if you are paid, you can keep playing it for years. But one day you will get old. And then, someone might ask you, ‘so what did you do in this life that you had?’ and you will be like, “Shit, I just played games”.
So even when my job was interesting and all that, and kept me happily busy and paid me well, it was still like playing a video-game. I did not want to spend all my life doing that. Realizing what I did not want to do was easy, though. The difficult part was to figure out what I wanted to.
It occurred to me that to get even remotely close to finding an answer to a question this big, I needed a lot more free time with myself than I had as a corporate employee, something like 15-20 days a month level of free time. It took me a while, but finally I made it happen without losing out on my financial independence. I was lucky, as I had a skill that I could exploit. I was technically good at photography, so I experimented with professional wedding photography and launched ShaadiGraPher.com (‘shaadi’ means “wedding” in Hindi).
Working as a freelance wedding photographer helped me start making enough money so that I could soon leave my job (after four years of doing some pretty interesting stuff as a business consultant, I must admit). It was a leap of faith of sorts, but thankfully, since mid-2012, I have never needed to work 5 days a week.
It took me almost two more years after that to find that one more thing to try other than photography. And that happened to be making video documentaries. A friend casually suggested one day to give it a shot, and I did, and have loved the process ever since. I started my website called 3minuteStories.com and to this date have already created over 20 short documentaries. Around 70% of them are personal, self-financed projects. The rest are commissioned assignments from Non-profits, startups, NGOs, schools, universities, etc. One commissioned assignment even made me travel to Africa last year.

Current assignments: My next 3 minute story is a personal project about a stand-up comedian in India and his somewhat inspiring journey in life. I have already shot about six commissioned short documentary projects this year, and want to spend most of the remaining year in picking up personal assignments where I have utmost freedom to tell stories the way I want to. I am not saying paid assignments are bad or anything :) It’s just that, at the end of the day, the “objective” of a commissioned assignment is usually pre-defined, and in my opinion, that does limit one’s artistic expression in a way.
What types of productions do you mostly shoot? I am a single person shooter who shoots only in real life locations – so not much of a production setup to talk about, really. And then there are wedding locations of course, which in India vary from palaces to churches to temples to beaches.
What is your dream assignment / job in our industry, and what are you really passionate about? I want to make a feature length documentary movie that everyone wants to watch, and probably win a couple of awards with it. I am waiting to run into a story that I feel really passionate about, before I invest time and money into a big project.
In the work that you are presenting us, now that it is done, what would you have done differently throughout the production? If I had the budget, I would have gone for a real musician to do the score. I am not happy with the kind of music I had to settle with after searching for so many music tracks online.
I also wish the opening shots were more stable :( The setup that I had, with no external monitor attached to my DSLR, made it difficult for me to interact with my subjects and shoot at the same time, and that’s why the shots got a bit shaky.
The reason I was not using an external monitor was because a) I am yet to get a good HDMI cable lock for my camera, so the connection is not very reliable and it is easy to lose signal; and b) it takes more time for the external monitor to load compared to my 5D mark III’s default display. In my style of shooting, that’s very undesirable, as I want to be able to start shooting as quickly as possible. Waiting for those few extra seconds for the external monitor to show an image is extremely frustrating.
Anyway, as of now, I am playing around with a nice HDMI mirroring setting in the 5D Mark III that helps you have the display running both on the camera and the external monitor at the same time. That and my new HDMI lock recently ordered from Amazon should hopefully help me have a better setup for my kind of work. Creating the “perfect” rig to shoot is an ongoing process that never ends.

What current camera, lenses and sound equipment do you use?

Body: Canon 5D Mark III and Panasonic GH4, as well as a backup 5D Mark II.
Lenses: I have plenty of them. Canon 16-35 f2.8, 85mm f1.2, 135mm f2, Sigma Art 35mm f1.4, Tamron 24-70 F2.8 VC (the default lens for video on 5D); for GH4, I only have primes – Rokinon 7.5mm f4 (for outdoor gimbal shots in good daylight), Olympus 12mm f2 (most commonly used), 17mm f2 and a 45mm f1.8 (rarely used)
Sound: Since a month or two, my on-camera microphone setup is a Rode NTG2 powered by a Fostex AR501 pre-amplifier, feeding directly to the 5D Mark III. I do have several other microphones and recorders which I don’t find much use for most of the time, such as a Sennheiser wireless lav set, a Tascam DR-70D, or the Rode Video Mic Pro.

What’s is your favorite lighting equipment, and why did you choose that kit over other solutions? In the kind of shooting that I do, there is not much time or scope to set up lights. A few months ago, I got my first LED from CAME-TV. Have carried it for a few shoots and used it occasionally. But most of the time, I just work with ambient light. Being a one person crew, there is already enough to think about, other than to focus on lighting.
Do you use drones/gimbals in your productions? If so, what is the most effective way you’ve found in deploying then? I have bought three DJI drones so far and lost or broken all of them, the last of which crashed while shooting a short documentary in Uganda, Africa. I didn’t bother to buy another drone after that. Two years ago, getting drone shots was just for that “cool” factor. I used a few aerial shots here and there in some of my short documentaries, but never felt that if those shots were taken out from the edit, the story would have gotten any worse. I can’t say the same for purely cinematic videos though, like the one that I shot in Italy while on a vacation with my wife. That video will not be what it is without the drone shots. For most of my professional work though, I can live without a drone. And when I know that I will need one, then I will get one.
As far as gimbals go, I have two at present, both from Came-TV: a three axis mini one and a single axis one, which stopped functioning last month when I was staying in a village for one month. I do have two mechanical gimbals: a Glidecam HD 4000 and a much smaller Came-TV mini gimbal which I haven’t used for quite some time. But I’m thinking of carrying one just in case the electronic one fails on me the next time.
What editing systems do you use? FCPX.
How much of your work do you shoot in Log and what is your preferred way of colour correcting? Neither of my camera’s support log, and I never rented any camera that did. I shoot in flat profiles, though, and just use FCPX’s grading feature.

How frequently do you travel, and do you have any tips when it comes to packing your gear? On average, I am generally traveling for around ten days every month, which obviously limits the gear that I can carry without paying for extra luggage. I still manage to carry around over 15kg of camera gear and accessories including a MacBook in cabin-baggage, even when the technical limit is 7kg. There is of course the extra 10-15kgs of tripods and all those things for check-in.
This is how I work my way through the airlines in India when it comes to cabin baggage: I use one light-weight trolley bag (weighs less than 2kg when empty) and one ThinkTank messenger bag. My messenger bag usually weighs around 10-12kgs when loaded with gear, but because it’s just a “camera-bag” hung on the shoulder, no one bothers to weigh it! The trolley bag is bigger in volume, but has very few items. Every once in a while, the airlines will ask me to let them weigh the trolley bag, so I make sure it doesn’t go over the 7kg limit that applies in India. The messenger bag is obviously very heavy to carry on my shoulder, so once I have my boarding pass with me and I am away from the airline staff, I just place it over the trolley bag, which makes walking around pretty easy.
Following is what my messenger bag typically has:

A Canon 5D mark III body with a Tamron 24-70 f2.8 VC lens attached to it; encased in a SmallRig cage
Two more lenses for the 5D (generally a Canon 135mm f2 and Sigma 35mm f1.4)
Panasonic GH4 with three small lenses
Rode NTG2 with deadcat and XLR cable
Zoom H4N and/or Sennheiser wireless lav set
CAME-TV LED
15 inch Macbook Pro
2 to 3 Hard-disks
Smaller items like AA batteries, memory cards

This is what I usually carry in the bigger trolley bag. It’s mostly empty, but I still need it to lug around my super heavy messenger bag:

CAME-TV Single Axis gimbal
Chargers, adapters, wires, camera batteries
A 7″ monitor

My check-in bag is basically a big Manfrotto tripod bag that typically has, other than my clothes and shoes:

Medium duty tripod + a fluid head
A light-duty light stand
A heavy duty mini-tripod
Mini slider
Video monopod
Tools (allen keys, pliers, screws etc.)
Few additional heads / base plates
A selfie stick that I use for a boom sometimes to shoot interviews with Rode NTG2

Stuffing in clothes in the tripod bag also ensures nice cushioning for all the equipment.

If you want to learn more about Amrit creative’s work, head over to his homepage.
Participate in our initiative: share your talent and creative work by following these steps.

The post Talent Feature – “What Did You Do in This Life”? Ask Amrit Vatsa appeared first on cinema5D.


          Ãšltima llamada. Un manifiesto por el cambio.        

Tomado de la web: Ãšltima llamada


(...)
"Para evitar el caos y la barbarie hacia donde hoy estamos dirigiéndonos, necesitamos una ruptura política profunda con la hegemonía vigente, y una economía que tenga como fin la satisfacción de necesidades sociales dentro de los límites que impone la biosfera, y no el incremento del beneficio privado."
(...)




Algunos firmantes del manifiesto: Ada Colau, Alberto Garzón, Antonio Turiel, Antonio Valero, Arcadi Oliveres, Belén Gopegui, Cayo Lara, Enric Duran, Esther Vivas, Ferrán Puig Vilar, Florent Marcellesi, Joan Herrera, Joan Martínez Alier, Joaquín Araujo, José Manuel Naredo, Juan Diego Botto, Juantxo López de Uralde, Justa Montero, Marina Albiol, Olga Rodríguez, Pablo Iglesias Turrión, Teresa Forcades, Teresa Rodríguez, Xosé Manuel Beiras, Yayo Herrero… (Ver lista completa).


---

Desde este modesto blog apoyamos este manifiesto así como algunas vías de solución:
 
  • ¿Cómo integrar la producción y el consumo en un modo de vida más abarcador? Algunas propuestas de la asociación autonomía y bienvivir:
  • Monográfico sobre los bienes comunes de la revista Ecología Política que acaba de abrirse a la lectura pública gratuita:
EDITORIAL. 
OPINIÓN
¿MÁS ALLÁ DEL ESTADO? Florent Marcellesi
INFORMÁTICA VERDE Y PROCOMÚN Rafael Fernández-Font Pérez y Kilian Pérez González
RASTREANDO LA PRIVATIZACIÓN DEL AGUA Alfred Burballa Nòria
EN PROFUNDIDAD
BIENES COMUNES Y CONTEMPORANEIDAD. RELEYENDO A POLANYI Joan Subirats
BIENES COMUNES: LAS ESTRUCTURAS QUE CONECTAN Giacomo D’Alisa
¿TRAGEDIA O CERCAMIENTO?: IMAGINAR Y PROMULGAR. EL PARQUE GEZI COMO BIEN COMÚN  Bengi Akbulut y Ceren Soylu
LAS SEMILLAS COMO PATRIMONIO COMÚN PROTEGIDO Gregor Kaiser
RUDOLF STEINER Y LOS BIENES COMUNES: LA FENOMENOLOGÍA SOCIAL COMO HERRAMIENTA PARA LA EVALUACIÓN Y GESTIÓN DE LOS BIENES COMUNES Andri W. Stahel
BREVES
PESCA, DE LOS COMUNES A LAS CUOTAS INDIVIDUALES TRANSFERIBLES Miquel Ortega Cerdà
MANEJO PÚBLICO-COMUNITARIO DEL AGUA: RECUPERACIÓN SOCIAL DEL HORIZONTE COMÚN EN EL CONTEXTO COLOMBIANO Danilo Urrea
CONSUMO AGROALIMENTARIO PARA EL BIEN COMÚN. LOS GRUPOS DE CONSUMO DE ESPAÑA Ricard Espelt
DESPLAZAMIENTOS FORZOSOS EN UGANDA. LA IMPORTANCIA DE LA ACCIÓN COORDINADA Cèlia Murias
LA CUSTODIA DE LOS COMUNES Jofre Rodrigo Aribau
INSTRUMENTOS DE MERCADO EN EL SUMINISTRO DE AGUA Y LA GESTIÓN DE RESIDUOS – ¿UNA MANERA DE TRANSFORMAR BIENES COMUNES EN BIENES PRIVADOS? Gabriel Weber e Ignasi Puig Ventosa
ANÁLISIS DE FLUJOS DE MATERIALES EN ARGENTINA (1970-2009). TENDENCIAS Y CONFLICTOS EXTRACTIVOS Mariana Walter; Brun, Julien; Perez-Manrique, Pedro; Gonzalez-Martinez, Ana C.; Martinez-Alier, Joan.
SIGLO XXI. LA EMERGENCIA DE LOS INVISIBLES TITANES DE LAS MATERIAS PRIMAS Miquel Ortega Cerdá, Mónica Vargas y Olivier Chantry
REDES DE RESISTENCIA
LA REVOLUCIÓN DEL ÁRBOL EN TURQUÍA: “CHAPULANDO CADA DÍA”  EJOLT Turquía
REFERENTES AMBIENTALES
EL CONCEPTO DE BIENES COMUNES EN LA OBRA DE ELINOR OSTROM Álvaro Ramis
KARL POLANYI: HISTORIA SOCIAL Y ANTROPOLOGÍA ECONÓMICA Joan Martínez Alier
CRÍTICAS DE LIBROS, INFORMES Y WEBS
LA CARTA DE LOS COMUNES. PARA EL CUIDADO DE LO QUE TODOS ES Iván Murray Mas
COMMONWEALTH. EL PROYECTO DE UNA REVOLUCIÓN DEL COMÚN Jofre Rodrigo
THE WEALTH OF THE COMMONS. A WORLD BEYOND MARKET & STATE
 

  • Cambio global. (Serie documental). Una propuesta de Yayo Herrero.

          Comment on Climate change adaptation and mutually supportive implementation of access and benefit sharing policies in Uganda by The importance of plant diversity in climate change adaptation: the unique role of ABS        
[…] of access and benefit sharing of genetic resources are essential. For this, we can look towards similar policies adopted in other countries which more broadly enable farmers and researchers to gain access to […]
          Comment on Rice collecting in Uganda – materials to be included in the multilateral system by Featured: Millet in Uganda        
[…] John Mulumba of NARO, Uganda weighs in on that millet controversy: […]
          Project Yesu Founder Mallory Fundora Announces New Breakfast Program for Students in Uganda on Core of Education        

Founder of Project Yesu is starting breakfast program to help kids fare better in school.

(PRWeb January 15, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/01/prweb11493953.htm


          Thirteen Year Old Founder of Project Yesu, Mallory Fundora Talks With Core of Education's Dr. Rod Berger        

Teenager is making a difference in the lives of kids in Uganda through her inspiring efforts.

(PRWeb December 12, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/12/prweb11419254.htm


          Keith Everette Smith Pays it Forward in Uganda        

Guitarist Keith Everette Smith of TobyMac and his wife Tasha shared their knowledge with orphaned Ugandan children at a camp that teaches music creation, notation and production.

The post Keith Everette Smith Pays it Forward in Uganda appeared first on Shure Blog.


          Film "No Place for Me" and publication "Blind Alleys" launch from ORAM        
ORAM (Organization for Refuge, Asylum & Migration) will sponsor “Pathways to Protection,” the official launch of its new publication “Blind Alleys” and the groundbreaking documentary film “No Place for Me,” on June 17th, 2013 at the Open Society Institute at 1:00 PM in Washington, D.C. in recognition of World Refugee Day.
 
“No Place for Me” is a film that candidly presents the dire circumstances faced by sexual and gender non-conforming refugees in Uganda, South Africa, and Mexico. The film follows individuals as they flee persecution and violence in their home countries and struggle for survival in their countries of refuge. Told in through the voices of the refugees, the film portrays in unblinking honesty, the challenges faced by these forced migrants.
 
Producers say that “Blind Alleys — The Unseen Struggles of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Urban Refugees in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa” is the most comprehensive work ever published on LGBTI refugees in search of safety in urban areas. The three-part compendium is based on scores of interviews with refugees, refugee professionals, community leaders and government officials in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa. It includes a powerful guidance tool for NGOs, governments, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and program funders.
 
You can join ORAM for this landmark event in the fight to bring LGBTI refugees to safety at The Open Society Institute (1730 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, 7th Floor, Washington, D.C.) on Monday, June 17th, 2013 at 1:00 PM. More information on this even is available at: http://oraminternational.org/en/pressroom/eventsIf you wish to attend the event, please RSVP to info@oraminternational.org.
June 5, 2013

          Arkansas-based Heifer International plans east Africa job program        
LITTLE ROCK — Arkansas-based Heifer International is announced a five-year program to help 25,000 people in east Africa start small businesses or find jobs in the agriculture industry.Heifer said Tuesday it is joining with Mastercard Foundation in starting the $19 million program intended to help those between 15 and 24-years-old find employment.Youth Alive in Uganda and Restless Development and MIICO in Tanzania will help implement the program to connect youth with jobs [...]
          4 young farmers, 9 months, one prize… who will win?        

The battle for the plot is about to come to an end – who will walk away with the prize? Yes, I am talking about Don’t Lose the Plot – the youth agribusiness show airing in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. We have been following the farmers over the last 12 weeks (elapsed 9 months of […]

The post 4 young farmers, 9 months, one prize… who will win? appeared first on Futurepump Solar Irrigation.


          Lo sviluppo tecnico non aspetta i più poveri        
Trattori a guida GPS, robot per i più svariati lavori agricoli, scambio di dati via Internet e droni che volano sopra i campi: la digitalizzazione del settore agricolo è inarrestabile. Un'evoluzione che non riguarda solo i contadini alle nostre latitudini, ma coinvolge anche i piccoli agricoltori del Sud e quindi l'aiuto allo sviluppo. "Ancora negli anni 1990 si pensava che il computer e tutti i nuovi mezzi tecnologici non riguardassero la cooperazione allo sviluppo", ricorda Manuel Flury, co-responsabile della Divisione Programma globale Sicurezza alimentare presso la Direzione dello sviluppo e della cooperazione (DSC). Si pensava che lo sviluppo tecnologico sarebbe stato lineare, invece rapidamente c'erano altre innovazioni, di continuo. "La tecnologia fa grandi progressi, altrimenti la rivoluzione della telefonia mobile in Africa non avrebbe avuto così tanto successo", dice Flury, che alla DSC ha lavorato parecchi anni in e per l'Africa. Uganda e Kenya, ad esempio, sono tra i ...
          Proudly African & Transgender: Portraits by Gabrielle Le Roux in collaboration with trans and intersex activists.        
Portraits and narratives of ten transgender Africans from seven countries in East and Southern Africa by Gabrielle Le Roux in partnership with Victor Mukasa exhibited for the first time by Amnesty International – Amsterdam. Zimbabwe: Amanda Uganda: Julius South Africa: Bongi Burundi:...
          It is legalized homophobia, not same-sex relations, that is alien to Africa        
From Al Jazeera America, Ugandan academic,  professor of law at Makerere University in Uganda, Sylvia Tamale on legalized homophobia in Africa.  Professor Tamale is the editor of African Sexualities published by Fahamu Press.   During a prime time interview with...
          Arschbacken führen Feministin ins Gefängnis        
Seit Stella Nyanzi im Gefängnis saß, ist sie überall in Uganda bekannt. Manche halten sie für verrückt. Für andere ist sie eine Heldin, die inhaftiert wurde, weil sie sagte, was viele Ugander*innen denken, aber sich nicht trauen zu äußern. Und weil sie sich dafür einsetzt, dass arme Mädchen eine Chance auf Bildung haben. Der Grund, […]
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          NEW ANTIMULLAH POSTS - CHANGE IN FOCUS        

Original text



 â€œThe News You Need Today…For The World You’ll Live In Tomorrow.”


WITH SO MANY OVERWHELMINGLY CORRUPT AND BASICALLY ILLEGAL AND HIDDEN ANTI-CONSTITUTIONAL ACTIONS BY OBAMA, BRINGING THEM OUT INTO THE OPEN REQUIRES      
A CHANGE IN FOCUS AT ANTI-MULLAH.

FOR INSTANCE, WHILE WE RECEIVE INFORMATION THAT THE OBAMA (PRO-ISLAMIC) MOVEMENT TO INFILTRATE SUPPORTERS OF ISLAM  CONTINUES INTO THE MOST SENIOR AND CRITICAL/SENSITIVE POSSIBLE REGIONS HE HAS NOW PROPOSED

JOHN BRENNAN
A CONVERT TO ISLAM

AS HIS NEXT
HEAD OF THE CIA!!!

Brennan converted during an assignment to Saudi Arabia

THE OTHER INFILTRATOR FROM OBAMA

IS HIS  STAUNCHLY AND VOCALLY PRO-IRAN, FERVENTLY ANTI-ISRAEL CHOICE FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENCE. A MAN THE IRANIAN MULLAHS (UNDENIABLY OUR ENEMIES) STRONGLY ENDORSE AS THEIR PREFERENCE TO HEAD OUR MILITARY!!!

TO CREATE A BROADER INSIGHT INTO THE WORLD STAGE WE SHALL BE POSTING INFORMATION FROM SOCHA FAAL AND WHILE SHE INCLUDES DETAILS THAT FALL INTO THE EDGES OF SPECULATION, YOU SHOULD "DISCOUNT" THE "PSYCHIC" ASPECTS WITHOUT THROWING OUT THE BABY WITH THE BATHWATER.

YOU HAVE TO BE ABLE TO SELECTIVELY FILTER ONE FROM THE OTHER AND NOT IGNORE TRENDS OF REALITY WOVEN INTO THE DETAILS SHE PRESENTS BUT WHICH HAVE STRONG POINTERS FOR THOSE WHO CAN DISCERN THE DIFFERENCE.

NOTE THAT SHE RECEIVES INFORMATION "AND DISINFORMATION" FROM THE RUSSIAN SECRET SECURITY SERVICES, WHICH HAVE THEIR OWN AGENDAS NOT ALL OF WHICH ARE CONTRARY TO AMERICAN INTERESTS.

READ, ABSORB SORT AND EVALUATE
you will quickly be able to note and compare the Obama treacherous and even treasonous anti-American activity among what she reports.

TAKE YOUR TIME TO AVOID JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS WHILE LEARNING MORE ABOUT THE DESTRUCTIVE ATROCITIES OBAMA IS DUMPING ON OUR HEADS AT EVERY TURN.

Next Superstorm Brought To You By HAARP?



Click Here For More Sorcha Faal Reports

Sister Maria Theresa is the 73rd Sorcha Faal of the Sorcha Faal Order, Elected as Mother Superior 3 February 2007
 â€œConspiracy theorists concentrate their time on transmuting the "base matter" of current events, official stories, propaganda and public relations into the gleaming golden truth buried within. They do this through the very right-brained activity of uncovering and inventing connections between disparate elements.
They create story-systems to understand and explain events - essentially a religious activity. For whatever reason, it’s much easier for us to deal with our internal contents by projecting them into the world around us. These outward signs inevitably become carriers of the archetypal content and psychodrama latent in the seeker.
Conspiracy theory also overcomes the strictures of literalism and the problems of simplistic thinking by experimenting with multiplicity of meaning. Ordinary events, people and signs become symbols bristling with complex, malleable, even contradictory meanings. Mystery is revived and idealized. Facts become more than the sum of their parts. Theory becomes poetry and even theology.”
The Most Critical Books Published By The Order Of The Sorcha Faal You Should Own: Picking up the Pieces: The Most Important Book Available For You To Be Able To Survive Americas Growing Police State   The Partisans Handbook   Code Red: The Coming Destruction Of The United States   “Dirty, Filthy, Christians”: Treatise On The Most Dangerous Death Cult In Human History   Battle Begins For Throne of This World: The Return of the Einherjar Warriors   War Of The Sacred Code: The True Secret Of 2012

Top World News Now                 
February 9, 2013


United States
Hundreds of thousands already without power, buried under snow from ongoing blizzard
Obama: 'No reason' for automatic Pentagon cuts
Obama to propose 1 percent pay hike for federal employees
White House won't comment on Brennan's waterboarding dodge
Clinton more popular than Obama, polls show
White House Delivers Dire Warning About Automatic Cuts
Lawmakers test legal waters for regulating drones
Christopher Dorner manhunt: Search for ex-LAPD cop goes on amid California snowstorm
Cop-killer on the run: Largest manhunt in LAPD history spreads to three US states and Mexico
US Air Force veteran added to no-fly list after visiting sickly mom
FBI Sting: California man arrested trying to blow up Oakland Bank of America branch with "Taliban help"
Health Officials: Worst of Flu Season May Be Over
KKK promises the largest rally in the history of Memphis after Confederate parks are renamed
Ohio Amish beard-cutting ringleader gets 15 years  


Russia
Putin: Countering extremists key task for law enforcers
Forward Russia: Grand Sochi project highlights Putin ambition
Migrant workers suffer for Putin's Olympics
Putin presents presidential awards to young scientists
Russia targets Uganda as big market for weapons
Retired intelligence officer gets 13 years for coup plot
New Russian citizens to get call-up for military service
‘I solemnly swear!’ – Russian citizen’s oath considered
Married couple, forced apart in communist Russia, reunite by chance and remarry
Russia, US in Hasid books brawl: Moscow wants recourse over $50,000 daily penalties
In Russia, brazen murder of Chernovik founder is unsolved
Russia's Black Earth Farmers Switch to Corn, Oilseeds for Profit
Reform Quickly or Lose Deals, EU Tells Ukraine
Fascism rehabilitated in Ukraine?


China
Xi Jinping says he welcomes criticism; critics aren’t so sure
Xi Jinping promises a cleaner, greener energy future in China
Chinese leaders send greetings for Lunar New Year
China Denies Directing Radar at Japanese Naval Vessel and Copter
Dangerous dance around disputed islets is becoming ever more worrying
PLA Navy to conduct training drills in western Pacific over Lunar New Year
China threatened by overseas hackers
Former Guangdong official stripped of Party membership
China retrieves defaulted payments for migrant workers
China jails Tibetan man for inciting secession
HP Directs Its Suppliers in China to Limit Student Labor
After Myanmar Violence, Almost 6,000 Rohingyas Arrive in Thailand
North Korea nuclear test may cause volcano eruption near Chinese border
South Korea in 'first strike' alert over tests


United Kingdom‎
Cameron savors EU budget win as battles loom
Cameron: 'Horsemeat story is shocking'
Britain opens criminal probe of horse meat contamination scandal
Clegg faces a fresh attempt to oust him as Liberal Democrat leader
2.3 million deprived kids absent from UK poverty data
UK investigating allegations of child sex abuse at former RAF base in Germany
Border agency backlog keeps Britons and their foreign spouses in limbo
Experts say DNA crime-fighting in UK 'lagging behind'
New evidence of UK complicity in Libya torture
Tax Rules Waived in Britain to Lure Athletes
Saga of Speeding Politician Rivets Britain
Whitehall spies could already be operating in Scotland
Refuelling and rendition: Ireland's role in the war on terror

European Union
EU budget cut ushers in austerity for first time in union's history
EU leaders agree to push for US trade deal
EU may force banks to help set Euribor to keep it clean
EU Court Strikes Down Swift's Blockade Against Iranian Banks
Greece gets silver lining to budget plans for coming years
Growing Police Brutality in Greece: The Hidden Face of the Crisis
Armenia holds 2 in attack on presidential candidate
Anarchists Claim Responsibility for Attempted Bombing in Spain
Moroccan suspected of being terrorist arrested in Spain
Cyprus Presidential Candidate Wary of EU Bailout Terms
Italy Vote Seen Inconclusive as Risk of Second Ballot Grows
Birth Defects In Multiples On The Rise In Europe


Germany
German Shale-Gas Fracking Rules Sought by Merkel Coalition
Germany Warns on Currency Depreciation
Germany posts second highest trade surplus in 60 years
Topless activists denounce female circumcision at Berlin film festival
German weapons case pits man against gun clubs
Minister's Heritage Sparks Racism Debate
New doubts cast on Holocaust account Nazi child mascot
Swiss Unemployment Returns to a 2.5 Year High
Gun control debate rages in Switzerland
Switzerland Justice Minister Returns Home
Taipei Ministry to ask Switzerland to arrest Zain Dean
Global warming to bring more rain to hydro-dependent Norway
EON Plans Hundreds of Megawatts of Wind Power in Norway, Sweden

France
Illegal Roma evictions in France continue under Hollande
Ayrault says no current plan for Peugeot stake
Ex-US envoy: $17M French ransom funded al-Qaida
France plays down report of ransom paid for Niger hostages
Europe Is Watching as France Weighs Options for Peugeot
French charge north in Mali, Bamako shooting kills two
Symbol of French Republic defaced in art attack
Hollande Eschews Monarch-Style Presidential Monument in Crisis
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Jets roar over Pacific skies as US military gathers allies in drills, to keep ahead of China
Shooting erupts amid reports of mutiny in Malian capital
Suicide bomber blows himself up near Mali soldiers, first attack of its kind
French intervention 'will cost Mali its independence'
Rebel push into Damascus raises fears of long fight coupled by mass exodus
Syria says 'no truth' Israel targeted convoy
UN Says 5000 Syrians a Day Are Now Fleeing War
Syria military factory blast kills 54
Jihadist group Jabhat al-Nusra is taking over Syria's revolution

Insight Into Today’s News
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets
Now We Know: War Is Murder
It Can't Happen Here?
The Andromeda Strain, Yes. Jesus, No. Your Tax Dollars at Work.
Remember 1994
Morningland Dairy destroyed by feds, $250,000 inventory stolen by government thugs during armed raid
Department of Homeland Security Targets Gun Collector
CIA Adviser Warns of 'Financial Weapons of Mass Destruction'
Debtors Prisons In The US Are Rapidly Filling With People Who Can’t Pay Bills

Israel
Netanyahu's coalition-building efforts are guided by suspicion and skepticism
Livni will be appointed as minister in charge of peace process
Defense Ministry suspends ties with six firms over alleged fraud
Tel Aviv Hepatitis A outbreak may stem from open-air markets
Abbas to Ahmadinejad: Talk more about Palestine, less about destroying Israel
Palestinian jailed for Abbas Facebook 'insult'
Abbas Meets With Leader of Gaza Terror Group in Cairo
Hamas Weighs Options For Recognizing Israel
Palestinian prisoners in Israel 'smuggling out sperm'


Turkey
Despite US opposition, oil trade with Iraq is legal, PM Erdoğan says
South Cyprus condemns Erdoğan's remarks calling him a 'bully'
Turkey says has spent $600 million on Syria refugees
No strong EU without Turkey, says Italian envoy
Turkey-US Tension Develops Over Al-Qaeda Member  
Ailing ex-general fights for survival after sentence delay
Cargo ship crashes into a passenger seabus in the Bosphorus
Protests grow in Sunni areas in Iraq
Iraqi Kurdistan presses on with oil pipe to Turkey

Egypt
Morsi: Egypt, Turkey to establish joint chamber of commerce
Clashes in Egypt as anti-Morsi camp demands change

More than 300 researchers from 45 countries gathered in Kampala, Uganda in early April for the 10th International Conference on Typhoid and Other Invasive Salmonelloses. Hosted by the Sabin Vaccine Institute’s Coalition against Typhoid, the three-day conference – the world’s only such meeting devoted to the diseases – centered on the theme “From Evidence to Action” as attendees reviewed crucial developments to reduce the global burden of these diseases.  

Typhoid fever, a bacterial illness transmitted through contaminated food or water, remains a significant public health threat in many low- and middle-income countries, particularly in Africa and Asia. Approximately 21 million cases occur annually worldwide, killing an estimated 220,000 people, most of them children. Although typhoid vaccines have existed for decades, currently available vaccines are underutilized and have significant limitations. With antimicrobial resistance on the rise, there is an increasing need for new vaccines and improved treatments. This year’s conference provided an opportunity for researchers, policy makers and advocates to gather and discuss recent progress and ongoing challenges, and identify ways to address these factors and reduce the global burden of typhoid.

The global health community is well-positioned to achieve typhoid control worldwide. Anita Zaidi of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation opened the conference’s first session by encouraging attendees to recognize their ability to change the status quo. Zaidi highlighted that many countries have eliminated typhoid as a public health concern, and estimates of the global burden of typhoid have remained relatively steady in recent years. This progress has helped identify key areas of work and a pathway forward to achieve sustained reduction in typhoid by 2035.

Uganda, the host country of the 2017 conference, is one example of where progress has been made in the effort to control and prevent typhoid. Uganda’s Minister of Health, Dr. Jane Ruth Aceng, spoke of recent advancements during Sabin’s reception on the first night, where she was the featured speaker. Following typhoid and nontyphoidal salmonella outbreaks in Uganda in recent years, Dr. Aceng praised a “robust disease surveillance and response system” that the Ministry of Health developed to stay ahead of future outbreaks.

Denise Garrett, vice president of typhoid projects at Sabin and director of the Coalition against Typhoid, heralded partnerships as one of the most effective ways to reduce the burden of typhoid. “It is not just one researcher or just one group that will make a change,” said Dr. Garrett, emphasizing that it takes a village to reduce the burden of these diseases. During the conference, Dr. Garrett welcomed the Typhoid Vaccine Acceleration Consortium, also known as TyVAC, to that village. TyVAC is a partnership between the University of Maryland, the Oxford Vaccine Group, and PATH, funded by a $36.9 million grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The group will collaborate with governments and policy makers to advance typhoid vaccine introduction around the world.

Although progress was celebrated throughout the conference, many of the sessions focused on tackling some of the greatest challenges facing the typhoid community. As Sabin’s President of Global Immunization, Bruce Gellin, stated in his welcoming remarks that in some ways a “perfect storm is brewing.” Challenges detecting, controlling and preventing typhoid are converging, creating added urgency for improved practices and technologies. Several researchers have spent the recent years evaluating the global burden of typhoid and spoke to the persisting social and data inequities between low- and high-income countries. The findings revealed that whereas high-income countries have seen a decline in typhoid cases following increased access to safe water and robust data, many low-income countries are still working to improve sanitation and improve surveillance, among other factors.

Researchers are currently trying to close the surveillance gaps all over the world, especially in the two regions most significantly burdened by typhoid and nontyphoidal salmonella: Asia and Africa. Sabin is working to improve surveillance fill knowledge gaps in Asia through the Surveillance of Enteric Fever in Asia Project (SEAP). Preliminary results from SEAP’s multi-country, multi-site, population-based surveillance were shared during the conference, shedding light on the impact of enteric fever in the region. Similarly, the International Vaccine Institute is leading typhoid surveillance efforts in Africa through their Severe Typhoid in Africa Program (SETA). SETA’s latest findings will help inform the introduction of typhoid vaccines in Africa.

Many presenters also addressed the threat of increasing rates of antimicrobial resistant typhoid and nontyphoidal Salmonella, which complicates treatment and control efforts. As typhoid strains develop resistance to first-line treatments such as the antibiotics ciprofloxacin, azithromycin and ceftiraxone, health providers are forced to rely on more expensive and less readily available antibiotics to treat the illness. These challenges are exacerbated when there are outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant typhoid, which is currently playing out in an ongoing outbreak of ceftriaxone-resistant typhoid in Hyderabad, Pakistan. Led by Farah Qamar of Aga Khan University, who is also a Principal Investigator for Sabin’s Surveillance of Enteric Fever in Asia Project, a team was formed to investigate the Hyderabad outbreak after it was detected in late 2016. As part of its investigations, the team has acquired special permission for a shipment of typhoid conjugate vaccines from Bharat Biotech International Ltd., an Indian biotechnology company, as an outbreak control measure. The team would use these vaccines to assess the impact of typhoid conjugate vaccine immunization on the control of an antibiotic-resistant typhoid outbreak.

Typhoid conjugate vaccines, like those under consideration for outbreak control in Pakistan, were a promising point of discussion throughout the conference. The typhoid conjugate vaccines in the pipeline have the potential to reshape global strategy for typhoid fever, with longer duration of protection, the ability to protect young children and the potential for delivery with other vaccines in routine immunization of infants. Additionally, several researchers shared findings that these vaccines would be cost-effective in certain Asian and African countries when implemented strategically. If these vaccines are prequalified by the World Health Organization (WHO), they have the potential to dramatically reduce the burden of typhoid around the world and, consequently, help to prevent the occurrence of antibiotic resistance.

From new typhoid conjugate vaccines to antimicrobial resistance and everywhere in between, the 10th International Conference on Typhoid and Other Invasive Salmonelloses enabled researchers from around the world to not only share the latest data but also discuss how to turn this evidence into action. As Adwoa Bentsi-Enchill of the WHO stated in the conference’s final session, data have long been major drivers of vaccine introduction demand and acceptability in countries. Data shared at the conference are already driving change: findings presented at the conference will inform discussions at the WHO later this spring, when experts gather to review recommendations on the use of typhoid vaccines. Changes to these recommendations could reshape global strategy on typhoid fever and come as early as next year.

The next International Conference on Typhoid and Other Invasive Salmonelloses is anticipated for 2019. Sign up for the Coalition against Typhoid’s newsletter to stay tuned for more information about upcoming typhoid conferences. For photos, presentations and other resources from the conference, please visit the Coalition against Typhoid’s website. 


          SAKURATOTO2 - SITUS TOGEL ONLINE TERBAIK DAN TERPERCAYA        
HOKKY4D.COM
          I Painted Peace        
I had a box of colors —
bright, alive and bold
I had a box of colors —
some warm, some very cold.
I didn’t have red for the blood of the wounded
I didn’t have black for the cry of the orphans
I didn’t have white for the face of the dying
I didn’t have yellow for the burning sands.
But, I had orange for the joy of life;
and green for the shoots and nests
and blue for blue skies
and pink for dreams and rest
I sat down and painted peace.




I got so touched with this poem the very first time I read it, that was when I was still a freshman high school student so I am sharing it to my dear readers. The poem was posted to one of our bulletin boards. I thought the author of "I Painted Peace" was anonymous but from one of the bloggers I found out that it was written by young female from Sacred Heart School, Uganda. Thank you for sharing and I hope everyone finds the peace in their hearts.


          DSTV Uganda faces social media backlash over airing ‘adult’ content on Cartoon Network        

If there is one reason why you shouldn't let the TV raise your kids, this would be one of them. Yesterday, Ugandans took to twitter, WhatsApp and Facebook to criticize the PayTv provider for airing animated kids content

The post DSTV Uganda faces social media backlash over airing ‘adult’ content on Cartoon Network appeared first on Techjaja.


          UberDOST could be that app to drive you out of unemployment        
Uber in Kampala

We all know Uber as a ride hailing service enabling riders to connect with drivers and deliver them to their destinations.  The service has expanded its services beyond rides and we once predicted its UberEATS service to make its way to Uganda but we guess that hasn’t come into fruition

The post UberDOST could be that app to drive you out of unemployment appeared first on Techjaja.


          A new Ugandan budget airline: Vule Airways to start operations this year        
Vule Airways Uganda launch

Amidst the tricky Airline business that has several new start-ups and several international carriers in the region, a new airline called Vule Airways will launch its maiden flights this November based in Kampala. Vule is positioning itself as a budget airline giving affordable

The post A new Ugandan budget airline: Vule Airways to start operations this year appeared first on Techjaja.


          Airtel Uganda shakes up executive, Managing Director Anwar Soussa is Out        
Airtel's MD Anwar Soussa launching Wewole

The Airtel CEO, Mr Raghu announced the departure of Anwar Soussa, the current Managing Director from Airtel Uganda who has been at the helm of the company for about a year and 2 months. In a email he sent to staff, the Group CEO assured employees that

The post Airtel Uganda shakes up executive, Managing Director Anwar Soussa is Out appeared first on Techjaja.


          Smile introduces a new daily ‘SmileFlexy’ data bundle        
Frankly MiFi Smile Uganda

Smile Communications is expanding it's data offerings with a new daily data bundle called SmileFlexy. At launch, the internet service provider (ISP) had its data bundle duration were technically limited to 60 days, this was later resolved and they can now offer, daily, monthly and even weekly data bundles. The new SmileFlexy daily data bundle is aimed

The post Smile introduces a new daily ‘SmileFlexy’ data bundle appeared first on Techjaja.


          MTN Uganda returns to first-half good revenue performance after challenging 2016        
MTN Uganda results H1 2017

MTN group on Thursday disclosed its interim financial results for first-half of the year 30th June 2017 showing that it has returned to a better revenue performance in the first half of the year, helping the group to move on from a turbulent 2016 that highlighted the risks of its emerging markets strategy.

The post MTN Uganda returns to first-half good revenue performance after challenging 2016 appeared first on Techjaja.


          By: MattNYC        
Gay Pride in Uganda: http://www.npr.org/2013/08/05/209110526/why-gay-pride-celebrations-in-ugana-were-discreet Amazing that these people find a way to celebrate in "public" in such a dangerous place. Hope it hints at a possible safe future, but only if we can get the American homo-haters to stop their meddling.
          Behind the Scenes in Uganda or: How production continues after all the gear is stolen        

The true story of making do with what you have on a video shoot off of the beaten path. Continue reading

The post Behind the Scenes in Uganda or: How production continues after all the gear is stolen appeared first on Oregon State Productions Blog.


          Thomas Lee        
Musican celebrating during a soccer event in Ghana Born 1982 in Taipei, Thomas Lee was raised in Hong Kong, educated in Chicago, and now based in New York. Thomas meanders between the East and the West, seeking inspiration for his work as a journalist-artist. He has completed projects in Afghanistan, Uganda, the United States, and […]
          Queen of Katwe        
Queen of Katwe is a 2016 American biographical sports drama film[4] directed by Mira Nair and written by William Wheeler.[5] Starring David Oyelowo, Lupita Nyong'o, and Madina Nalwanga, the film depicts the life of Phiona Mutesi, a Ugandan girl living in a slum in Katwe who learns to play chess and becomes a Woman Candidate Master after her performances at World Chess Olympiads.[6]

Adapted from an ESPN magazine article and book by Tim Crothers, the film was produced by Walt Disney Pictures and ESPN Films. Queen of Katwe was screened at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival.[7] The film had a limited release in the United States on September 23, 2016, before a general theatrical release on September 30.[8]
Living in the slum of Katwe in Kampala, Uganda, is a constant struggle for 10-year-old Phiona (Madina Nalwanga) and her family. Her world changes one day when she meets Robert Katende (David Oyelowo) at a missionary program. Katende coaches soccer and teaches children to play chess. Curious, Phiona approaches and learns the game. She becomes fascinated with it and soon becomes a top player under Katende's guidance. Over several years, her success in competitions and tournaments leads to greater competitions, stress, and identity issues. Phiona must learn more than the game as she is exposed to life outside Katwe. Her education, both formally and informally, continues as she dreams of escaping a life of poverty for herself, her mother, and her siblings.
          LGBT Religion News Summary: Out with 2012, In with 2013        

Welcome to the first LGBT Religion News Summary of 2013! GLAAD’s Religion, Faith & Values program works to elevate LGBT-affirming voices of faith in mainstream, regional, and community media. To find out more, visit www.glaad.org/faith. For additional religion and faith updates, be sure to subscribe via our online registration form. We welcome suggestions at faith@glaad.org.

2012 Recap: 10 Pro-LGBT Faith Voices and 5 LGBT Religion Advances

People of faith led marriage equality efforts in Illinois and Rhode Island over the holidays. The Roman Catholic hierarchy continued its harsh opposition, chasing the faithful from the church. In the Netherlands, people are actually getting “de-baptized” from the Roman Catholic Church. And some wonder why evangelicals got so quiet over marriage equality.

What’s Cardinal George really enCOURAGEing? Illinois media should ask.

While the Roman Catholic Church in England shut down a mass for LGBT people, the Church of England has allowed partnered gay and lesbian clergy, as long as they are celibate. Openly gay Bishop Gene Robinson is now retired, and the Rev. Cameron Partridge seems to be a rising transgender star in the Episcopal world. Rabbi Sharon Kleinbaum was recognized by Keshet for her advocacy, inspiring other LGBT leaders to continue in rabbinical school.

In Court: LGBT People of Uganda vs. Scott Lively

Virulent anti-LGBT activist, Scott Lively, had his day in court, facing off against the LGBT people of Uganda, who has been persecuting. A viral video from the Philippines features a wedding in an MCC Church, even as MCC is profiled as a church where LGBT people have been welcomed for over 40 years. And if you are looking for something to do, you can join GLAAD at the NYC production of BARE on Wednesday, January 9. Ross Murray, Director of Religion, Faith & Values, will be hosting a TalkOUT about youth, the Roman Catholic Church, and LGBT Equality.

 

2012 Wrap Up

Atheist/Humanist

Baptist

Catholic

Christian

Episcopal

Evangelical

International

Jewish

Lutheran

Marriage Equality

Metropolitan Community Church

Mormon

Politics

Unitarian Universalist

United Church of Christ

January 9, 2013
Issues: 

          10 Pro-LGBT Faith Voices of 2012        

2012 saw a new generation of religious voices speaking for LGBT equality. Some are new, and some have been around for a while. All of them have helped to change the religious landscape concerning LGBT people. Below, we’ll list for you ten of the most significant religious voices from 2012

The Revs. Sue Gabrielson,  MacArthur Flournoy,  Grant Stevenson, and Debra Peevey

You may not have heard of these four names, but their work was all over one of the biggest stories of 2012. They are the faith directors for the successful marriage campaigns in Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, and Washington, respectively. CNN highlighted how faith leadership in state campaigns and national organizations like GLAAD, will inform how marriage equality campaigns go forward in the future.

Matthew Vines

His YouTube video, posted in March has been viewed nearly half a million times, and he is becoming a voice of authority for evangelical Christians. When he visited New York, GLAAD created an event at Marble Collegiate Church that gave Matthew the opportunity to expand on his comments in his video. The event landed Matthew on the front page of the Style Section of the New York Times. Since then, Matthew has been giving interviews to everyone from the Christian Post to the BBC.  

Pastor Joseph Tolton

Pastor Joseph Tolton enjoyed a dynamic year on multiple fronts. Joseph has been a leading advocate for LGBT people around the world, particularly in Uganda. His work has petitioned US faith leaders to speak out against the "Kill the Gays Bill" in Uganda. He also organized NoWedge2012, leading several prominent Black faith leaders to  speak out in support of marriage equality and for those were not ready to speak out, avoid letting marriage equality become a wedge issue for the African-American community.

Barbara Johnson

While Barbara Johnson was grieving the loss of her mother, the presiding priest stated, “I can’t give you Communion because you live with a woman, and in the eyes of the church, that is a sin.” This blatant lack of pastoral care to an LGBT person captured the attention of the nation.GLAAD worked with Barbara to tell her story and to shine a light of the Roman Catholic hierarchy’s internal persecution of LGBT people.

Dominic Sheahan Stahl & Sacred Heart Academy Class of 2012

When Dominic Sheahan Stahl was uninvited from speaking at the Sacred Heart Academy graduation for being gay, the graduating class, which included his younger brother, rallied around him. They formed #LetDominicSpeak and worked with GLAAD to express their support for the alum. They formed an inclusive graduation event, in which the entire graduating class, as well as 600 people listened to Dominic give his speech, of which, GLAAD produced a video. Dominic has gone on to establish a “Live Through Love” foundation to raise scholarship money for LGBT students.

Sister Jeannine Gramick

Nuns were a big deal in 2012, and the LGBT community had a great ally in Sister Jeannine Gramick. She was one of the most visible pro-LGBT Catholic voices as Maryland adopted marriage equality and through the ballot process. She spoke about Roman Catholic hierarchy to MSNBC, and created a video series on The Daily Beast to discuss faith and life, including LGBT issues.

Rev. David & Deborah Weekley

After coming out in 2009, Pastor David Weekley has continued to be a voice for LGBT inclusion in the United Methodist Church. Despite not changing denominational policy, David continues to use his own story to advocate for change. For Transgender Awareness Week, Deborah shared with GLAAD about being the spouse of a trans clergy man. David was honored as the 2012 Man of the Year by the Northwest Gender Alliance.

Bishop Gene Robinson

Bishop Robinson is set to retire at the end of 2012, but he isn’t slowing down. He started the year at Sundance in the award winning film “Love Free or Die” and talked with GLAAD about the impact of the film. His denomination, The Episcopal Church made significant strides to LGBT inclusion, including blessings for same-sex couples and non-discrimination policies for transgender people. He wrote a new book, God Believes in Love. And he ended 2012 with John Stewart, talking about LGBT life in the church.

Chaim Levin

Chaim Levin was raised in an Orthodox Jewish community and now identifies as both gay and Orthodox. He has been outspoken about the harm he endured in a so-called “ex-gay” program. Levin joined three other plaintiffs to sue his “ex-gay” program for consumer fraud, detailing the degrading and outrageous things “therapists” had them do to try to change their sexual orientation.

Carrie Underwood

The American Idol superstar saw her star rise a little more when she spoke out in favor of marriage equality, and named her faith as a reason for her LGBT support. "Our church is gay friendly," she said in the interview, "Above all, God wanted us to love others. It's not about setting rules, or [saying] 'everyone has to be like me'. No. We're all different. That's what makes us special. We have to love each other and get on with each other. It's not up to me to judge anybody."

BONUS: President Barack Obama

While most people are aware that President Obama finally endorsed marriage equality, and won reelection after doing so, fewer people might be aware that he invoked his Christian faith and his role as a father to do so. “When we think about our faith, the thing at root that we think about is, not only Christ sacrificing himself on our behalf, but it's also the Golden Rule, you know, treat others the way you would want to be treated. And I think that's what we try to impart to our kids and that's what motivates me as president and I figure the most consistent I can be in being true to those precepts, the better I'll be as a as a dad and a husband and, hopefully, the better I'll be as president.”

December 21, 2012
Issues: 

          LGBT Religion News Summary for February 2, 2012        

GLAAD’s Religion, Faith & Values program works to elevate LGBT-affirming voices of faith in mainstream, regional, and community media. To receieve a full list of links from the past week, visit www.glaad.org/faith. For additional religion and faith updates, be sure to check out our blog. Thank you for forwarding. You may subscribe via our online registration form. We welcome suggestions at faith@glaad.org.

Pastor Joseph Tolton of Harlem's Rehoboth Temple Christ Conscious Church is visiting Uganda in order to quash perceptions of American religions as anti-equality.  During his visit so far, he has called American anti-LGBT efforts in Uganda as "spiritual colonialism" and campaigned to rebuild pro- LGBT Christian bridges between America and Uganda.  Activists in Kampala reportedly cheered as he announced that they cannot be judged by anti-equality preachers whose purpose is to spread hate rather than God's love. 

Although most media coverage of Muslims portray them as anti-equality, Syazwan Zainal documents his interview with his self-identified gay Muslim friend in order to prove that "gay Muslim" should no longer be considered contradictory.  Although the friend is not identified, his words provide a compelling and authentic appeal for changing the way we portray the Muslim community as anti-gay. 

Randy Roberts Potts, grandson of 20th-century televangelist Oral Roberts, is touring his performance art show titled "The Gay Agenda", in which he and his fiancé do boring day-to-day activities such as cooking or watching TV together.  Macky Alston's documentary Love Free or Die, based on the life of the openly-gay Episcopal bishop Gene Robinson, was awarded a Special Jury Prize as an "Agent of Change" at the Sundance Film Festival. 

Thanks for your suggestions, and please continue to forward and subscribe to faith@glaad.org.

February 2, 2012
Issues: 

          Time to start things back up!        
Holy crap!  Apparently I blacked out for about 20 months, because the last time I wrote a post was back in March of 2014! So thank you to all of my faithful readers who contacted me to make sure I was ok after not posting for so long. Oh, wait, that didn't happen. Sniffle. Sniffle. Moving on!  I was kicking around the idea of running an ultra marathon and had a few other plans on the horizon.  Now, I hope you are sitting down, because A LOT has happened since I wrote about that possibility back in March of 2014, and it's now December of 2015! Yikes! So, mom, since you're the only one who reads this, I'll give a quick recap of what has happened, and what is going to be happening in my little athletic world next year!

Going back to my last (sooooooo long ago) post.  First off, thank you so, so much to anyone who donated to help build that water well in Uganda! We may never actually meet the people whose lives we have changed, but providing water for one person, let alone a village is so hard to grasp! Awesome job you guys!

Throughout last year, I sort of changed gears. I took a break from triathlons and focused just on running. My goal was not to get faster, though. It was to go farther than I had ever gone before. I started off with a 50k (31 miles), then continued my way on up, planning on doing that big run through Death Valley with my buddy. Unfortunately, things did not work out, and that run was cancelled. However, I did sign up for the Javelina Jundred (2014).  I will post my race recap later (I actually wrote one, ha!), but the surprise ending is that I finished! The sad thing is that I think I got really burned out and decided to take a break for a year.

And just like that, my break is over! Ok, I didn't totally take a break. I ran a half marathon with my kick butt wife, did a couple mud/obstacle runs with a buddy of mine, and worked on the 4th triathlon discipline...eating.  Needless to say, it has been a relaxing year. I think my wife really misses me training and racing though, because she keeps saying, "Don't you need to go train or something?" She asks me like 3 or 4 times a day...she's so supportive!

For this coming year, I will be looking to set a new PR! I'm going to try and break my record of 6 (I think) lifetime Ironman finishes, and make it 7! You see what I did there? I tricked myself into thinking that no matter what my time is, race day will be a PR!  Just a little psychology trick for you to put in your back pocket for later use. No big deal.  Aaaaanyway, I'll be racing Ironman Arizona once again, and am already looking forward to my rematch with Eric Byrnes! Unless he was too scared to sign up! You'll have to stay tuned to find out!

Aside from IMAZ, I'll have a few other races throughout the year, and most importantly, a new team to be a part of! But, that announcement will come as soon as I find a team that will take pity on someone who has been sitting on the couch for the better part of a year (insert sad face emoji here).

Until then, please check this website and your email religiously, because you never know when I'll put up another post!


(Since it's the Christmas season, here's our Elf on the Shelf. He got stuck in the Octonauts Octopod the other day, so they got revenge!)

          Uh, where did I go?        
I remember it like it was yesterday.  I was sitting down in the comfort of my home to compose the most epic blog post of all time, sure to receive some type of award (but definitely not for proper use of grammar or spelling...ha!).  I reached over to take a sip of my new favorite sports drink, PowerCoCo, and then BAM!  The Ironman is over, the Phoenix Marathon is over, in 2 and a half weeks I'm running a 50k (why!?), and then in July I'll be helping a buddy of mine run over 700 miles through Death Valley.  What in the world has happened between November and now?

To be honest, I'm not really sure.  It's kind of been a tornado of family, holidays, triathlon, running, vacations, working, eating, sleeping, eating some more, less sleeping, eating some more, working a lot more, etc.  All I know is that I have committed to help my buddy Rick Cheever attempt an amazing feat.  During the month of July, he will be running over 700 miles through Death Valley.  He has actually put together a small little support team of other athletes, and our goal as a whole is to raise money to build water wells in Uganda.  What's the name of this epic adventure you may ask?  Well I'll tell you!  Rick has come up with the catchy and creative name of Quintessentially Well.  The name has a few different meanings, but in short it relates to the 5 wells that we want to build in Uganda, the 5 crossings of Death Valley that Rick will be doing, and we have 5 team members!  Oh, and because Rick is 5 times crazier than the rest of us (ha!).


So that's what I have been up to.  I'll try to post more regularly, but I make no guarantees.  And for my Ironman Arizona recap...it might show up one of these days.  But again, no promises.  Oh, and my Boston Qualifying attempt!  I didn't really make an attempt.  I know, two negatives, both right together.  So let's end on a positive...

This epic journey in July all comes down to one major concept...there are places in Uganda (and many other parts of the world too!) that don't have clean drinking water.  Their children are forced to walk for miles to get water from dirty rivers and lakes (the same rivers and lakes that they bathe in).  This a huge cause of disease.  We are trying to build 5 water wells (which will cost a little over $50,000) in hopes to provide many villages and future generations with the benefits of clean drinking water.  Please consider donating to our cause (none of the money goes to us...it all goes to the well-building efforts!).  Every $1 helps!!!!


          Brown Pants Time — Masaka, Uganda        
I don´t have a mortgage, I no longer have a job, I´m Single. Good excuse to see Asia, Australasia, South America, Africa......
          Hopeful findings for the HIV positive in Africa        

Good news for those attempting to extend antiretroviral treatment to the many millions of people with HIV in developing countries who need medicines but do not receive them.

An extensive study over six years in Uganda and Zimbabwe supported by the UK’s Medical Research Council in Africa suggests that up to a third more patients could be offered treatment, even given existing stretched domestic resources, thanks to a simple trade-off.


          Comment on Mexico Mission Trip – Spring Break Report #4 by Peter Brooke        
This brings back some very good memories of Spring Break 2014 (can't believe that it's already 3 years later!) when I went on this same missions trip with my son, Alan, who is now a world traveller, having been to 3 other countries (Costa Rica, Ghana and Uganda) to share the love of God and be changed in the process! Looking forward to seeing the evidence of changed lives in these 21 students who participated this time! It is almost impossible to encounter Elia and the other Mexican missionaries the Mexico team works alongside during that week and not be changed for the better!
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          â€˜Kony 2012’ group confirms WikiLeaks spy allegation        
The non-profit group Invisible Children has confirmed that a U.S. diplomatic cable published by WikiLeaks, which claims the group fed intelligence to the Ugandan government to enable the 2009 arrest of a central resistance figure, is in fact true. “In 2009, Invisible Children was contacted by ...
          la familia y el desarrollo        
Family and personality development.

By Prof. Miguel Lucas Martinez. Teachers Normal School Jilotepec. State of Mexico.
General

Families where children grow up are probably the biggest factor of influence on their development. Topics to question: "The arrival of this child was planned and welcome? What was the age of the parents? Does personality relate well to parents and their children? Parents Are they healthy? Are they rich or poor? How many people live in the house? The influence also travels in another direction. Children affect their parents turning their mood, their priorities and future plans, and even marriage itself. In the mid-90sm family life is quite different from what was a century ago, and is likely to change family life even more in the future. It is quite possible that an actual child only has a brother, a mother working outside the home and a parent more involved in their children's lives than his own father was. It is possible that a child receives good care from people other than their family, first with someone at home and then a preschool. Today, children have a 40% to 50% chance of spending part of his childhood with one parent, perhaps the mother, and perhaps due to divorce (PC Glick and Lin, 1986). In USA, family life for these children is also typically very different from other children living in many other societies. Early social experiences vary greatly around the world. Among the Efe of the African nation of Zaire, for example, children first engage in a close relationship with a person, mother, and then go on to form other relationships based on this pattern (Tronick, Morelli, and Ivey, 1992) By contrast, birth efe infants are cared for by five or more people at a regular time, and other women, like their mothers, fed on a routine basis. Three years have passed about 70% of their time with people other than their mothers. This social pattern conforms to the shape of efe life and can lead to a distinctive set of social skills for these children. Consider the child in the family The awareness of different social experiences in the lives of children has revolutionized the study of socialization, as children learn the behaviors that the culture considers appropriate. Mothers and children were studied before, are now studying the links between parents, brothers and sisters, grandparents and others involved in your care Another study is the approach to the whole family. There are important questions of three individuals who share an environment, a context, but their relationships are different. Charles-son Mother Ellen Vicky - grandmother. An example of this. How it affects the marriage relationship to the children? What are the behaviors of the children alone and in groups? As it affected the development and growth of a child when he has only one parent. Each research topic would generate a host of responses according to many possibilities and ways to develop, nurture children. Watching a family as a unit, you have a fuller picture of the network of relationships among its members. It is interesting how how babies are related to those close to them and the meaning of these links. Bonding: a reciprocal connection Bonding is an active, affectionate, reciprocal and strong between two people, who in nonscientific circles is known as love. The interaction between two people is continuing to strengthen this link. Mary Ainsworth (1979) pioneered the investigation of these ties of affection. "An essential part of the ground plan of the human species for an infant is linked to a mother figure" Do not have to be the child's biological mother, but may be the closest person that cares. Ainsworth wrote 4 stages superimposed bonding behavior. 1 .- Before you respond infants two months without discrimination against any "person. 2 .- to 8 to 12 weeks the babies cry, smile, babble over to the mother with another person, but continues to respond to others. 3 .- to 6 months, babies show a clearly defined emotional bond with the mother, with a decreased expression of friendship towards others. 4 .- The babies develop a bond with one or more familiar figures as the father or siblings. Fear of strangers can appear between six to 8 months. Study of bonding. Mary Ainsworth, first study the bonding in the early 50s. As a colleague of John Bowlby 1951. Bowlby was convinced of the importance of bonding between mother and baby, from linkage studies in animals. From the study of disturbed children in a psychoanalytic clinic warned against the separation of mother and child. Ainsworth, influenced studies on bond between monkeys and African babies behavior of Uganda (1967) tried to repeat them in Baltimore. Designed the famous strange situation. Reveals the behavior of the closeness between an adult and an infant, is now common mechanisms to study bonding. In the 8 episodes of the Strange Situation: 1 .- The mother and child entering fourth unknown. 2 .- mother and baby sitting is free to explore. 3 .- enters an unknown adult. 4 .- the mother goes out and leaves the baby alone with the stranger. 5 .- the mother returns and stranger leaves the room. 6 .- the mother goes out and leaves the baby alone in the room. 7 .- the stranger returns in place of the mother, and finally 8 .- the strange way when the mother returns. The mother encourages the baby to explore and play again, comforting if your baby seems to need (Ainsworth, Bleher, Waters & Wall, 1978). Of particular interest is the response of the baby when the mother returns. Bonding patterns When Ainsworth and colleagues looked at children under one year of age in the Strange Situation and at home, they found three major patterns of link: Security emotional bond pattern .- bond in which the infant is expected in rapidly from the caregiver and actively seeks then when she returns. Distinguishing two forms: anxiety and insecure attachment. Babies with security ties cry or protest when the mother leaves and expressed when he returns. They use it as a secure base: let it go and explore, returning occasionally to make sure. Babies who cooperate and are relatively free of anger. At 18 months, they move better than babies with long ties of anxiety. (Cassady, 1986) Avoidance emotional bonds. Bond pattern in which an infant rarely cries when the person who cares first leaves, and avoid contact with her when she returns. Babies cry when they rarely prevent the mother leaves, and avoid when you return. Remain aloof from it even when they need and tend to dislike. They dislike that rise up but even more than down. Ambivalent or resistant bonding. Bond pattern in which an infant becomes anxious before the caregiver leaves but also the search and when to avoid contact with her when she returns. Babies ambivalent (resistant) become anxious even before the mother goes and alters when it exits. on his return, show their ambivalence to seek contact with her even while kicking and screaming. Resistant infants do not explore much and are difficult to soothe. Subsequently identified emotional bonds disorganized-disoriented. Bond pattern in which the infant shows contradictory behaviors. Often babies with this type of bond present inconsistent and contradictory behavior. They greet the mother with alacrity when he returns but then move away or close without looking. They seem confused and afraid I can represent the pattern less secure (Main & Solomon, 1986). As stated bonding. Based on the interaction of a baby with his mother, the boy can build a "working model" of what to expect from it, says Ainsworth. Different types of emotional ties lead to different cognitive representations, and thus to different expectations. To the extent that the mother continue to act basically in the same way the model is maintained. If it changes the behavior of one or two times, the baby will change the model and bonding can change. The security bond evolves from trust, which allows the child to explore the world from a secure base and then to develop virtues that Erikson determined in relation to the autonomy and initiative. As the mother should Mothers of insurance with one year of age are sensitive to their infants during the first year of life (Isabella, 1993). They pick up signals from their children about when to feed and serve the child's signals to stop, slow or speed up their food. (Ainsworth, 1979) Mothers whose interaction with their children in five months is loving, caring and timely tend to have positive personalities, higher educational levels and esposaos that support them. (Fish, Stifter, and Belsky, 1993). As the baby comes Not only the mother who helps the security bond, infants actively influence on caregivers. Mothers of babies with security ties (measured in the strange situation) were more sociable, dedicated to breeding, showed more empathy and experienced a positive emotion, but also openly expressed more anger and sadness about their children. Moms of babies with long ties of insecurity felt more insecure and helpless, they experienced more anger and sadness, but less openly expressed these feelings about their children. Infants with insecure bond cried again m'pas demanded attention and showed more sadness and anger. The behavior of mothers affects babies with a certain probability. The temperament of a child appears to influence the affective, as researchers found that such a link, such as frustration levels and rates of crying (Izard, Haynes, Chisholm, and Baak, 1991).

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          THE ANTI-HOMOSEXUALITY ACT        
THE ANTI-HOMOSEXUALITY BILL/ ACT . HOW IT CAME INTO PLACE, HOW IT WAS CHALLENGED AND EVENTUALLY IT BEING KICKED OUT AS LAW The Uganda Anti-Homosexuality Act, 2014 was passed by the Parliament of Uganda on 20th December 2013 and signed into law by President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni on 24th February 2014. However, the Constitutional Court
          Comment on The Renegade Report – Russell Lamberti by Stephen Richards        
I am looking for gay rights in Uganda, the worst, according to https://youtu.be/un2lsEdHV24. From my own Bing search at https://www.bing.com/news/search?q=lamberti+gay+uganda&qs=n&form=QBNT&sp=-1&pq=lamberti+gay+uganda&sc=0-19&sk=&cvid=A3D4C2CECAEF46CE9132F45D20C9A28C, I found https://www.quotev.com/turningsaintsintothesea, with a background that looks like Johnny Depp in Disney's Alice in Wonderland at http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1014759. Does Disney have any good gay romance?
          Vijf dagen voor vertrek naar Uganda        
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          Música para las mujeres en guerra        
No fueron fáciles los tres años de rodaje del documental “La guerra contra las mujeres”, como en este blog os fui contando día a día desde la República Democrática del Congo, Kenia, Sudán, Uganda, Bosnia y EEUU. Hubo momentos, como los vividos en uno de los tantos viajes a la provincia de Kivu, en que […]
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Stuttaford Van Lines scandal. Scaramucci ‘going dark.’ Expats choose Uganda over SA. Why Bolt is so fast. Charlize explodes. Women selling nudes on Patreon. Kanye sues insurers.
          Comment on Six reasons why you should study food science by Hashim A        
I am Hashim from Uganda. am inspired to do that bachelor of food science and agribusiness and I hope to be your friend. for a quality advices from this is my contact 0751784078
          Blogbericht 7 Tanzania reis - De afdaling naar de Ngorongoro krater voor de slotsafari        
Vandaag gingen we op pad voor alweer de laatste safaridag van onze Tanzania reis. Een safaritrip die echt nog wel ergens om ging. We hadden het luipaard, de buffel, de leeuw en de olifant allen al veelvuldig gezien. Dat betekende dat er nog een diersoort ontbrak om aan de 'big 5' te komen! Je raadt het al: de neushoorn ontbrak nog aan onze inmiddels lange lijst aan gespotte diersoorten!

Het duurde ruim een uur voordat we vanuit Karatu naar de kraterbodem waren afgedaald. De ingang naar het Ngorongoro reservaat hadden we na ongeveer twintig minuten gevonden. De daadwerkelijke reistijd zat hem in de afdaling langs de stoffige weggetjes naar de bodem van de wereldberoemde Ngorongoro krater. Hier leeft een zeer kleine populatie zwarte neushoorns, onder zeer strikte bescherming van rangers. Bepaalde gebieden in de krater zijn afgesloten om de dieren zo goed mogelijk te kunnen beschermen van stropers.

Tot de lunchpauze zagen we van alles. Er waren een hoop dieren aanwezig in de krater, hieronder een overzicht:

Ngorongoro krater

Ngorongoro krater
 Dit was het uitzicht dat we eerder in de week al hadden bewonderd onderweg naar Serengeti National Park. In het regenseizoen (vanaf april) wordt de bodem van de krater omgetoverd tot een prachtig groen tapijt.

Connochaetes taurinus - blue wildebeest - blauwe gnoe

Connochaetes taurinus - blue wildebeest - blauwe gnoe
De blauwe gnoes die in de krater leven doen niet mee aan de migratie die duizenden van deze hoefdieren ondernemen op jaarlijkse basis richting Kenya. De Ngorongoro krater is het hele jaar rond rijk aan voedsel voor de gnoes, de noodzaak om te trekken is bij deze populatie gnoes dus niet aanwezig. Prachtig om te zien hoe deze dieren in keurige rijen verplaatsten, waarbij de leider werd gevolgd. Dit goldt in iets mindere mate ook voor de aanwezige zebra's op de kraterbodem.

equus quagga - plains zebra - steppezebra

Buteo augur - augur buzzard - augurbuizerd

Buteo augur - augur buzzard - augurbuizerd
 Deze schitterende roofvogel was absoluut niet schuw. Hij liet zich tot twee keer toe goed fotograferen op verschillende plekken. Het is goed mogelijk dat het bij allebei de keren dezelfde vogel betrof.

Connochaetes taurinus - blue wildebeest - blauwe gnoe

Connochaetes taurinus - blue wildebeest - blauwe gnoe
Connochaetes taurinus - blue wildebeest - blauwe gnoe

equus quagga - plains zebra - steppezebra

equus quagga - plains zebra - steppezebra

equus quagga - plains zebra - steppezebra

Phacochoerus africanus - warthog - knobbelzwijn

Canis aureus - golden jackall - goudjakhals

Canis aureus - golden jackall - goudjakhals

Balearica regulorum - crowned crane - kroonkraanvogel
De kroonkraanvogel was veruit de meest algemene vogelsoort in de krater. ''This is the national bird of Uganda'', benadrukte Seif bij het zien van de eerste 'crowned cranes'. Geweldig vind ik ze, toch wel een van de mooiste vogelsoorten die ik heb gezien tijdens de reis.

Crocuta crocuta - spotted hyena - gevlekte hyena
Dit was ook wel een bijzonder gezicht. Deze hyena liep rond met een gnoe gewei in zijn bek! Een niet alledaags gezicht dat ook wel een foto'tje waard was!

Panthera leo - lion - leeuw

Panthera leo - lion - leeuw

Panthera leo - lion - leeuw

Milvus aegyptius - geelsnavelwouw
Na de lunchpauze was het de bedoeling om rustig richting de uitgang te gaan rijden, aangezien het nog een flink stuk rijden zou zijn naar onze laatste lodge op het vasteland in Arusha, voordat we naar Zanzibar zouden vliegen. 
We mogen van veel geluk spreken dat onze gids nog werd aangesproken onderweg door een andere gids. Het leverde een last minute voltooiing van onze 'big 5' op. In de verte zagen we twee grote zwarte neushoorns liggen langs een oever. Gelukkig, want ik was in de auto al stevig aan het balen met Lisette dat we de 'big 5' niet hadden gezien! Nu konden we met een goed gevoel afscheid nemen van onze safari dagen, want wat hadden we onwijs veel gezien zeg!! Hulde voor onze 'kingspotters' Seif en Jackson!

In de krater zagen we los van het beeldmateriaal onder andere ook nog een fantastische afrikaanse visarend, groepen nimmerzats, struisvogels, oorgieren, vele buffels, nijlpaarden, thomsongazellen, grantgazellen en groene bavianen

          Health critical to reducing population growth & poverty        

          Fresher Customer Care Officer Job Opportunities - Power Microfinance Limited (PMF)         
Job Title:         Customer Care Officer Organisation: Power Microfinance Limited (PMF) Duty Station: Uganda About US: Power Microfinance Limited (PMF) is a microfinance institution that...

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          UN Human Resources Assistant Job Opportunity - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)         
Job Title:           Human Resources Assistant Organisation: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Position No.: 10026729 Vacancy Notice No.: 024/2017 Duty Station:...

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          Several No Experience Loans Officer Jobs - SolarNow         
Job Title:        Loans Officer (Several No Experience Jobs)   Organisation: SolarNow Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda Reports to: Credit Manager Languages Spoken: Rutoro, Runyankole, Rukonjo, OR...

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          Accountant Jobs - Uganda Association of External Recruitment Agencies (UAERA)         
Job Title:     Accountant Organisation: Uganda Association of External Recruitment Agencies (UAERA) Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda About Us: Uganda Association of External Recruitment Agencies...

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          USAID Project Officer - 4Children US Non-profit Jobs - IntraHealth International         
Job Title:     Project Officer - 4Children Organisation: IntraHealth International Project Name: USAID Coordinating Comprehensive Care for Children (4Children) Project Duty Station:  Kampala,...

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          Project Surveyor Jobs - Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Limited (UETCL)         
Job Title:        Project Surveyor Organisation: Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Limited (UETCL) Duty Station:  Kampala, Uganda Reports to: Project Manager About US: Uganda...

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          CERT Analyst Jobs - National Information Technology Authority-Uganda (NITA-U)         
Job Title:          CERT Analyst Organisation: National Information Technology Authority-Uganda (NITA-U) Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda Reports to: National CERT Administrator About US: The...

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          East African Community (EAC) Jobs - Senior Procurement Officer at EASTECO         
Job Title:         Senior Procurement Officer Organisation: East African Science and Technology Commission (EASTECO) Duty Station: Kigali, Rwanda Reports to: Executive Secretary Ref:...

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          2 Entry Level Sales and Technical Engineer Career Opportunities at Roke Telkom         
Job Title:      Sales and Technical Engineer (2 Career Opportunities) Organisation: Roke Telkom Ltd Reports to: Sales Manager and Technical Manager Duty Station: Northern Uganda About US: Roke...

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          2 Customer Service Job Opportunities - Shop Managers at BetIn Uganda (SMS2BET)         
Job Title:        Shop Manager (2 Job Opportunities) Organisation: BetIn Uganda (SMS2BET) Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda About US: SMS2BET rolls out, invests in and operates a number of...

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          No Experience Child Development Officer- Health Job Opportunities - Compassion International         
Job Title:        Child Development Officer- Health Organization: Compassion International Duty Station: Uganda Reports to: Project Director     About Compassion Project: Uganda Assemblies of...

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          100 Fresher Diploma Direct Sales Officer Jobs - SolarNow         
Job Title:         Direct Sales Officers (100 Fresher Jobs – 5 For Each Duty Station)    Organisation: SolarNow Duty Station: Jinja, Masaka, Mbale, Arua, Masindi, Luweero, Soroti, Kyotera, Kotido,...

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          Monitoring and Evaluation Manager NGO Jobs - AIDS Information Centre-Uganda (AIC)         
Job Title:           Monitoring and Evaluation Manager Organisation: AIDS Information Centre-Uganda (AIC) Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda Reports to: Director of Programs and Planning About...

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          2 Fresher NOC Engineer Job Placements - Roke Telkom         
Job Title:      NOC Engineer (2 Fresher Job Placements) Organisation: Roke Telkom Ltd Reports to: Technical Supervisor NOC Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda About US: Roke Telkom Ltd. is a...

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          Financial Management Specialist Job Placement - World Bank Skill Development Project (SDP)        
Job Title:   Financial Management Specialist Organization: Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Sports Project Name: Uganda Skill Development Project (SDP) Funding Source: World...

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          Project Officer - Early Childhood Development (ECD) Non-profit Careers - ChildFund International         
Job Title:     Project Officer - Early Childhood Development (ECD) Organisation: ChildFund International Duty Station:  Uganda Reports to: ECD Specialist About US: For over seventy years...

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          EAC Jobs - Principal Officer - Scientific Research and Development at East African Science and Technology Commission (EASTECO)         
Job Title:         Principal Officer - Scientific Research and Development Organisation: East African Science and Technology Commission (EASTECO) Duty Station: Kigali, Rwanda Reports to: Deputy...

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          Earn 116m Annually as National Associate Project Officer, Education at United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)         
Job Title:        National Associate Project Officer, Education Organisation: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda Reports to:...

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          Head of Finance and Administration Employment Opportunity - Democratic Governance Facility (DGF)         
Job Title:        Head of Finance and Administration Organisation: Democratic Governance Facility (DGF) Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda Reports to: Senior Adviser About US: In 2011 eight...

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          50 No Experience Sales Executive Jobs - ICEA Life Assurance Company        
Job Title:          Sales Executives (50 No Experience Jobs) Organization: ICEA Life Assurance Company Duty Station: Kampala, Uganda Reports to: Agency Manager About US: Insurance Company of...

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