Wrangler Celebrates 70th anniversary with its Autumn Winter’17 Collection        

by Shrutee K/DNS


This year, Wrangler celebrates its 70th anniversary of producing perennial fashions with a global advertising campaign and a fresh anniversary collection, influenced by their iconic, revolutionary denim and authentic retro looks that took the 1970s by storm.

Wrangler was the definitive denim brand for teenagers back in this style-setting decade, and the anniversary collection has been artfully inspired by the brand’s notable archive finds: reinventing the most popular ’70s styles for today’s spirited youth with a passion for life and all of its adventures.
Trademark Wrangler basics are back and better than ever, as the label taps into’70s imagery for inspiration and relaunch the timeless vintage logo. The collection includes bold, colourful t-shirts featuring variations of the iconic ’70s Wrangler rainbow graphic, and signature staples in vibrant hues with retro seventies cuts. The rainbow symbolises confidence, exuberance and freedom: traits that are intrinsic to the Wrangler’s brand’s persona. Denim comes in authentic stone washes and brighter shades of blue.  Wrangler continues to be renowned and praised for being inspiring, progressive and always in tune with the ever-changing needs of its fashion-forward customers.
 Price Details: Tees: Rs.995/- Onwards & Denims: Rs.2995/- Onwards

Availability: Across all Wrangler stores in India.

About Wrangler
The heritage of Wrangler goes back literally 70 years when the brand first made an appearance. Wrangler was the first modern five-pocket jeans to be test-fitted and endorsed by real-life cowboys. Since then, Wrangler continues to inspire freedom, independence and self-reliance in its wearers.

The brand in India has come a long way, evolving to meet the needs of the ‘urban cowboy’ with a range of fashion apparel that is contemporary, fashionable yet rugged. 

A part of VF Corporation - the world's largest apparel company, Wrangler has found a loyal consumer base in the Indian youth that swear by this unique fashion brand. This stylish denim brand is available at exclusive standalone stores, leading apparel stores and major department stores Log on to wrangler-ap.com/in.

          Tifiamo Scaramouche!        
Tifiamo Scaramouche è una raccolta di racconti in quattro volumi che possono essere scaricati liberamente in formato PDF dal sito dei Wu Ming. Si tratta di una fan fiction derivante da L'armata dei sonnambuli, l'ultimo romanzo storico del collettivo uscito nel 2014.

A curare la raccolta è stato Simone Scaffidi L. Da un'idea di: Pietro Pace, Mauro Vanetti e Alessandro Villari (Avvocato Laser). Il progetto grafico e l'impaginazione si devono a Franco Berteni (Mr Mill) e Simone Scaffidi L. La copertina e le illustrazioni sono di Alessandro Caligaris e Francesca Sibona.

Qui di seguito, ecco il mio contributo, pubblicato nel terzo volume della raccolta. Buona lettura.


Il flauto tradito
Parigi, 1801

1.

A suo modo, Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith era un uomo generoso. La sera del 20 agosto 1801, dopo la trionfale prima della sua opera I misteri d'Iside al Teatro della Repubblica, il compositore offrì la cena all'intera troupe, comparse e suggeritore compresi.
Benché relegate al tavolo meno prestigioso dell'ampia sala del ristorante, le due comparse Léo Modonnet e Emanuele Gizzio potevano udire facilmente i discorsi del tavolo principale, quello dove sedeva Lachnith assieme al manager del teatro, al librettista Étienne Morel de Chédeville e ai cantanti protagonisti. Per meglio dire, potevano udire il monologo del torrenziale musicista boemo, la cui voce sopravanzava quelle di tutti gli altri.
«Eh sì, caro Chédeville! Il buon Mozart aveva del talento, questo nessuno lo vorrà negare; ma aveva anche un'esecrabile tendenza al lambiccato, all'insolito... In una parola: troppa complicazione! Oggigiorno il pubblico non ne vuole sapere di una musica che sia troppo difficile. La gente vuole ariette semplici, presentate con garbo, che tocchino il cuore senza affaticare il cervello. Prendete il Don Giovanni: quante graziose melodie! Parola mia, credo che abbiamo fatto bene a prenderne una in prestito, per il nostro terzetto. Tuttavia, andiamo... La scena con la statua nel finale secondo... Chi può sopportare una tale rombante cacofonia? Pensate solo questo: in quattro battute, quel povero basso deve cantare tutte e dodici le note della scala cromatica. Sapete? Un mio amico italiano, galantuomo e compositore eminente, mi parlava tempo fa con orrore di un certo quartetto per archi, dove Mozart ha accumulato tante di quelle dissonanze da creare un ripugnante caos, direi quasi un giacobinismo sonoro, dove va completamente perso ogni giusto criterio di gerarchia tra le sette note... Di proposito dico sette, non dodici; giacché nessuno, a meno che il suo orecchio non sia guastato dalla musica per tastiera, crederà mai che un re diesis possa essere uguale a un mi bemolle... Anzi: un re è sempre un re, come dicono in Italia, non è vero?».
«Ma va' curcati, buffuni!» commentò Gizzio a mezza voce.
«Perciò, quando mi fu proposto di allestire per le nostre scene Il Flauto magico, la prima cosa che pensai fu: sta bene; ma, per carità, sfrondiamo! Semplifichiamo!
Smussiamo le asperità del testo! Rendiamo il tutto più comprensibile, più adatto alle orecchie del nostro pubblico. Più elegante, anche. E l'esito così radioso di questa serata ha dimostrato che avevamo avuto pienamente ragione. Prima di tutto: i nomi. Tutti quei Tamino, Papageno e Papagena del testo originale, così goffi e plebei, noi li abbiamo cambiati nei molto più raffinati Isménor, Bochoris e Mona...».
Modonnet rise.
«Non voglio parlare della parte musicale. Ho dovuto lavorare parecchio di forbici e d'ingegno per dare una veste accettabile alla barbarica partitura. Ma, per quanto riguarda il vostro lavoro, Chédeville, potete andare orgoglioso di avere addolcito il carattere di quella terribile regina della notte. Certo, l'aria del secondo atto l'abbiamo dovuta proprio espungere: a parte che è impossibile da cantare, ma quel testo “der hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen...”, “vendetta infernale sento nel mio petto”... Ahimè! Una gentile e amabile donzella come voi, signorina Maillard, avrebbe dovuto intonare tali parole? Per carità! Abbiamo già sofferto abbastanza, qualche anno fa, con quella spaventosa Medea di Cherubini. Basta, basta! I personaggi femminili, a teatro, devono rassicurare, non inquietare! Belle fanciulle, mogli e madri esemplari: questo vuole il nostro distinto pubblico. Perché la gente, la sera, vuole distrarsi dai traffici quotidiani del commercio e della Borsa, e trovare sollievo dalle cure dello Stato. Dirò di più: nell'epoca moderna la gente vuole vivere il proprio tempo come un affascinante, mutevole, infinito spettacolo. In una parola, vuole divertirsi. Il nostro compito è di farli divertire. E questa sera ci siamo riusciti; possiamo affermarlo con fierezza. Brindiamo!».

2.

Erano passate le quattro del mattino quando Modonnet e Gizzio ritornavano al foborgo Sant'Antonio. Davanti alle botteghe dei fornai c'erano già le prime code. I volti e i discorsi delle persone in fila per il pane manifestavano stanchezza, frustrazione, rabbia.
«Quattordici soldi per quattro libbre di pane! Così non si può andare avanti».
«Uno schifo, altro che!».
«Bonaparte non sta facendo un cazzo».
«Sbagli, cittadina. Bonaparte sta facendo parecchio. Solo, non per noialtri».
«Per i grandi proprietari. Per i nobili, gli speculatori, i fornitori dell'esercito e i finanzieri. Per quei merdosi, ecco per chi sta lavorando il Primo console...».
Gizzio sembrava ancora più taciturno del solito. Per tutto il cammino dal centro al foborgo, dove lui e Modonnet abitavano, disse a malapena due parole, eccettuate le strane bestemmie che ogni tanto sputava tra i denti.
«Toglimi una curiosità» gli chiese alla fine Modonnet mentre stavano per arrivare a casa. «Al tuo paese è normale invocare con tanta frequenza la ghigliottina su Gesù Cristo, sulla Madonna e su tutti i santi, come fai tu?».
Gizzio rise amaramente: «Lo facciamo di continuo. Tutti, anche i bambini e i preti. Vieni a vivere un mese dalle mie parti, e capirai».
«Non mi ricordo mai come si chiama la tua città».
«Io stesso vorrei non ricordarmene. Comunque, non è una città: è un villaggio di poche anime sperduto nell'Aspromonte. Ammesso che esista ancora. Non ho sue notizie da due anni, cioè da quando sono venuto qui a Parigi».
Era il discorso più lungo che Modonnet gli avesse mai udito fare.
«Ma no» proseguì Gizzio, come parlando fra sé. «Giudico troppo severamente i miei compaesani. In fondo, nessuno di loro si è arruolato nell'Armata cristiana e reale». Gizzio pronunciò queste ultime parole con una smorfia di disgusto.
«Ne ho sentito parlare» commentò Modonnet. «Le bande del cardinale Ruffo, non è vero? Una specie di Vandea...».
«Molto peggio. I vandeani, almeno, sapevano per cosa combattevano; i sanfedisti invece si sono solo fatti affascinare dai feudatari e dai preti. Hanno avuto quello che si meritavano. Li aspettano altri due o tre secoli di dispotismo e di miseria. E ti dico la verità: penso che anche qui, in Francia, andrà a finire allo stesso modo. Te lo concedo: finora il popolo di Parigi si è comportato bene, specialmente i tuoi compagni del foborgo Sant'Antonio. Ma quanto ancora potranno resistere? I contadini francesi non sono affatto
più intelligenti di quelli del Regno di Napoli; nelle campagne già da tempo monta la reazione. Gente che cerca solo un padrone cui obbedire; e in buona parte l'ha già trovato. E allora non chiedermi perché bestemmio, Léo: mi è rimasto solo questo, mannaia lu signuri!».
«Ho sempre apprezzato il tuo ottimismo, cittadino Gizzio!» concluse Modonnet.

3.

Uno dei vantaggi del mestiere teatrale è che permette di dormire sino a tardi; quando si ha un tetto sotto cui ripararsi, naturalmente. Léo Modonnet, per ora, l'aveva; ma quella mattina dormì lo stesso un sonno assai inquieto. Verso mezzogiorno, poco prima di svegliarsi, fece uno dei sogni più enigmatici della sua vita.
Era un sogno musicale. Modonnet udiva con una chiarezza allucinatoria una breve melodia, gentile e saltellante, in uno stile antiquato, suonata da una piccola orchestra. Poi, lo stesso tema, ma eseguito da un'orchestra molto più grande, con accenti molto più imperiosi e con una chiusa cromatica vagamente minacciosa. A questo punto appariva uno strano ometto, che si esprimeva con un forte accento tedesco. «Ogni vero artista, mein Freund, è anche uno Zauberer – un mago –, sì. Può capitargli di prevedere un futuro imprevedibile. Cosa, o chi, aveva in mente Rousseau quando, riferendosi alla Corsica, scriveva: “ho il vago presentimento che un giorno questa piccola isola stupirà l'Europa”? E quel ragazzino di dodici anni, che un giorno nel mio giardino mise in scena il suo Bastien und Bastienne – come poté presentire che un giorno la volontà generale sarebbe stata manipolata e circuita da un tiranno? Eppure, mein Freund, la storia non è mai un copione già scritto, così come una partitura non è mai immodificabile. E quando ci si accorge che la pagina è guasta, rimane sempre una soluzione: strapparla».
Modonnet si svegliò frastornato e con un forte mal di testa. Senza sapere bene perché, la prima cosa che fece fu aprire il suo baule per cercarvi un involto. Dentro c'erano una maschera nera, un mantello e un bastone dal manico lucente.
Quella notte, Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith, davanti al portone di casa sua, mentre frugava un po' alticcio nelle tasche del suo soprabito per cercare la chiave, notò una scritta di colore rosso fosforescente sul muro proprio accanto alla porta:

RACHE

Prima che avesse il tempo di chiedersi cosa stava succedendo, avvertì il brivido freddo di una lama proprio sotto il mento, e udì alle sue spalle una voce altrettanto metallica e tagliente: «Cittadino musicista, vogliate cortesemente condurmi nel vostro studio».
«Come volete, amico mio» diceva Lachnith mentre saliva le scale, tallonato da Scaramouche. «Non c'è bisogno di tutta questa commedia... vi ho riconosciuto, sapete?».
«Merda» pensò Modonnet.
«Eravate con me a cena ieri sera. Ammetto che il ruolo che vi è stato assegnato nell'ultima produzione è al di sotto delle vostre capacità attoriali; ma tenete conto che si tratta di un'opera, e che Voi non sapete cantare. Ho delle conoscenze, e posso farvi ottenere una buona scrittura per la prossima stagione di prosa... però, immagino che vogliate un risarcimento più immediato, e in contanti».
Erano intanto entrati nello studio del compositore.
«Immaginate male» disse Scaramouche. «Voglio solo porre rimedio a uno dei più insensati e odiosi crimini contro il buon gusto e il buon senso che si possano citare nella storia dell'arte musicale. Voglio cancellare la macchia con cui voi avete insudiciato la memoria di un grande musicista. Voglio che mi diate la partitura originale di quello scempio chiamato I misteri d'Iside».
«Eccola». Lachnith sollevò un manoscritto dal ripiano della sua scrivania e lo consegnò a Scaramouche: «Cosa ve ne farete, adesso?».
«Non lo so ancora. La strapperò in mille pezzi e la getterò nella Senna. Oppure ne attaccherò i fogli ai muri di Parigi per denunciare la vostra cialtroneria».
Lachnith rise: «Vedo che siete un idealista. Forse non vi siete accorto che i tempi sono cambiati e che la rivoluzione è finita. Permettetemi di darvi un consiglio: perché non ve ne tornate in Italia? Laggiù c'è ancora da fare per le teste calde come voi. Già che ci siete, portate con voi quel musone del vostro amico, e ditegli che non è colpa nostra se i giacobini napoletani erano degli imbecilli... se avessero dato subito la terra ai contadini, anziché perdere tempo in chiacchiere, le cose sarebbero andate molto diversamente».
«Ce ne ricorderemo per la prossima rivoluzione» disse Scaramouche.

Nota bibliografica

Questo racconto deve molto al primo capitolo del libro di Augusto Illuminati Gli inganni di Sarastro, Einaudi, Torino 1980, che indaga – sia pure con qualche eccessivo schematismo – le relazioni fra la teoria politica di Rousseau, le scoperte di Franz Anton Mesmer, il Bastien und Bastienne – la cui prima rappresentazione si dice abbia avuto luogo nel giardino della casa di Mesmer a Vienna – e Il flauto magico di Mozart.
Hector Berlioz nelle sue Memorie critica con estrema durezza l'adattamento molto libero de Il Flauto Magico realizzato da Lachnith sotto il titolo de Les mystères d'Isis. Il testo originale delle Mémoires di Berlioz (Parigi 1865) è facilmente reperibile in Internet.
Sulle critiche rivolte a Mozart dal musicista suo contemporaneo Giuseppe Sarti si veda il saggio Sarti contro Mozart di Massimo Mila, ora in M. Mila, Mozart. Saggi 1941-1987, Einaudi, Torino 2006, pp. 332-58.
La sorprendente identità fra il tema iniziale dell'ouverture del Bastien und Bastienne e l'inizio della Terza Sinfonia di Beethoven è, secondo Hermann Abert – citato da Wolfgang Hildesheimer nella sua nota biografia mozartiana –, una pura coincidenza. Com'è noto, Beethoven intendeva intitolare la sinfonia a Napoleone Bonaparte; secondo la tradizione, il musicista strappò la dedica quando seppe che Napoleone si era fatto incoronare imperatore.
Il parallelo fra Napoleone Bonaparte e il Sarastro di Mozart/Lachnith si trova in Jean Tulard, Napoleone. Il mito del salvatore, Rusconi, Milano 1980, p. 9. Alle pp. 183-85 dello stesso libro si parla della crisi alimentare in Francia fra la primavera del 1801 e il 1802.
Le idee esposte qui da Lachnith sulla modernità come spettacolo e sulla “gente” che si vuole divertire derivano in realtà dal libro di Alessandro Baricco L'anima di Hegel e le mucche del Wisconsin, Feltrinelli, Milano 2009.


          Sull'"Elogio dei riformisti" di Roberto Saviano        
1. Affinità e divergenze fra Saviano e noi. Considero Gomorra uno fra i libri letterariamente più importanti di questi anni nonché fra i capolavori del giornalismo d'inchiesta italiano. Ammiro e rispetto Roberto Saviano, anche se a volte non sono stato d'accordo con lui su alcune delle sue prese di posizione (ad es. sulla politica dei governi israeliani, oppure sugli scontri di piazza che hanno contrassegnato l'ultima fase del governo Berlusconi).

Ho trovato molto superficiale e semplicistico l'articolo di Saviano uscito su "La Repubblica" del 28 febbraio, dedicato all'elogio del riformismo.

Prendendo spunto da un recente libro di Alessandro Orsini sulla storia della sinistra italiana, libro che contrappone Turati a Gramsci, Saviano traccia una riga sulla lavagna, mettendo da una parte i riformisti e dall'altra i comunisti. I primi sarebbero pacati, realisti, tolleranti e liberali, i secondi sarebbero fanatici, violenti, malati di dogmatismo e d'ideologia.

Scrive Saviano: "i comunisti hanno educato generazioni di militanti a definire gli avversari politici dei pericolosi nemici, ad insultarli ed irriderli. Fa un certo effetto rileggere le parole con cui un intellettuale raffinato come Gramsci definiva un avversario, non importa quale: 'La sua personalità ha per noi, in confronto della storia, la stessa importanza di uno straccio mestruato'. Invitava i suoi lettori a ricorrere alle parolacce e all'insulto personale contro gli avversari che si lamentavano delle offese ricevute [...]. Arrivò persino a tessere l'elogio del 'cazzotto in faccia' contro i deputati liberali. I pugni, diceva, dovevano essere un 'programma politico' e non un episodio isolato".

Viceversa, sempre secondo Saviano:

"in quegli stessi anni Filippo Turati, dimenticato pensatore e leader del partito socialista, conduceva una tenacissima battaglia per educare al rispetto degli avversari politici nel tentativo di coniugare socialismo e liberalismo".


Questa contrapposizione fra estremisti e riformisti, dice Saviano, si protrae fino ad oggi:

"Naturalmente, oggi, nel Pd erede del Pci, non c'è più traccia di quel massimalismo verboso e violento, e anche il linguaggio della Sel di Vendola è molto meno acceso. Ma c'è invece, fuori dal Parlamento, una certa sinistra che vive di dogmi. Sono i sopravvissuti di un estremismo massimalista che sostiene di avere la verità unica tra le mani", sono quei "pacifisti talmente violenti da usare la pace come strumento di aggressione per chiunque la pensi diversamente". Eccetera.

Quindi tutto lineare, nello schema di Saviano. Tutto semplice. Riformisti, buoni, in parlamento; comunisti, fuori dal parlamento, cattivi. Chiaro, no?

E però, se si va a verificare nel dettaglio gli esempi storici addotti da Saviano, ecco che le cose si complicano.

2. Cosa c'era prima degli assorbenti. Vediamo ad esempio la prima frase "incriminata". Di un suo avversario politico ("non importa quale", dice Saviano), Gramsci scrisse: "La sua personalità ha per noi, in confronto della storia, la stessa importanza di uno straccio mestruato".

La similitudine usata da Gramsci, al nostro orecchio di contemporanei, suona senza dubbio molto sgradevole. Intollerabilmente sessista, fra l'altro. Proviamo però a collocarla nel suo contesto. La frase è tratta da un articolo di Gramsci, allora venticinquenne, pubblicato sull'edizione torinese dell'"Avanti!" il 19 aprile 1916. In quel periodo la redazione di Torino dell'"Avanti!", di cui Gramsci era giornalista, stava conducendo una campagna di stampa sugli sprechi e sulle ruberie di cui si erano resi responsabili i promotori dell'Esposizione Universale di Torino del 1911. Come spesso succede in Italia quando si tratta di "grandi opere", anche questa era stata accompagnata da malversazioni, che Gramsci e i giornalisti dell'"Avanti!" avevano puntualmente denunciato.

Fra i bersagli di questa campagna di stampa c'era il conte Delfino Orsi, che all'epoca faceva parte della direzione della "Gazzetta del Popolo", un giornale monarchico, filogovernativo e interventista. L'articolo di Gramsci del 19 aprile 1916 è appunto una risposta ad un altro giornalista che aveva accusato l'"Avanti!" di aver attaccato Delfino Orsi non per il ruolo di quest'ultimo nello scandalo dell'Esposizione Universale, bensì invece perché Orsi era "una delle più influenti figure dell'interventismo subalpino".

Teniamo sempre presente il contesto storico. In Italia, nel 1916, lo scontro politico fra governo e opposizione era polarizzato sul problema della guerra. Era soprattutto lo scontro fra interventisti e pacifisti. Era in corso la Prima guerra mondiale, un conflitto che oggi praticamente tutti gli storici valutano come un'orrenda ecatombe, una catastrofe che segnò l'inizio del declino della civiltà europea, e che, in Italia, aprì la via al fascismo. In Italia il bilancio della guerra fu di circa 680.000 morti e quasi 500.000 invalidi permanenti. Il Partito Socialista Italiano, nel quale all'epoca militavano sia Gramsci sia Turati, era su posizioni pacifiste, e si opponeva compattamente alla guerra. A favore della guerra erano invece i nazionalisti, i liberali e il Partito Socialista Riformista Italiano, composto perlopiù da riformisti, come Bonomi e Bissolati, che erano stati espulsi dal P.S.I. già nel 1912 per il loro appoggio alla guerra di Libia.

Tale era il contesto della polemica fra l'"Avanti!" di Gramsci da una parte, e la "Gazzetta del Popolo" di Delfino Orsi dall'altra.

Quando, nell'agosto 1917, a Torino la popolazione diede vita ad una rivolta spontanea contro la guerra e contro la mancanza di pane (rivolta che fu ovviamente repressa nel sangue, con circa 50 morti e 200 feriti fra gli operai e le loro famiglie), la "Gazzetta del Popolo" di Delfino Orsi fu tra gli organi di stampa che giustificarono la repressione.

Più tardi, coerentemente, Delfino Orsi fu deputato nel Parlamento fascista, ed era ancora tale quando morì nel 1929 (mentre Gramsci era in carcere). Il gerarca Federzoni, nel suo elogio funebre pronunciato alla Camera dei Deputati l'11 dicembre 1929, disse di Orsi fra l'altro: "egli poté rinverdire i fasti patriottici della Gazzetta del Popolo, levando ancora la gloriosa bandiera del Risorgimento per le nuove battaglie dell'intervento nella grande guerra, della difesa delle aspirazioni nazionali, della rivoluzione fascista".


Delfino Orsi era appunto l'uomo che Gramsci paragonò ad uno "straccio mestruato". Un epiteto certamente poco gentile. Ma possiamo veramente dire, con Saviano, che "non importa quale" individuo egli fosse, né in quale periodo storico fosse situata la polemica fra lui e Gramsci?

Che diremmo di un giornalista il quale scrivesse, di alcuni suoi concittadini (non importa quali, direbbe Saviano), che essi sono "vigliacchi, in realtà", un "manipolo di killer", "abbrutiti e strafatti", un "branco di assassini" che "vivono come bestie"? Sono insulti pesanti e hanno ben poco di mite e di liberale. Ma se collochiamo questi epiteti nel contesto dell'articolo da cui sono tratti, scopriamo che si riferiscono ad una banda di camorristi responsabili di svariati omicidi, e che l'autore del pezzo è Roberto Saviano ("la Repubblica", 22 settembre 2008). Dobbiamo condannare il giornalista per la sua eccessiva violenza verbale? O non dobbiamo piuttosto ritenere che l'indignazione di Saviano, seppure si esprima in termini poco urbani, sia alquanto giustificata dalle circostanze?

3. La nobile arte. Vediamo, ancora, un altro passo gramsciano cui si riferisce Roberto Saviano. Si tratta dell'articolo intitolato "Elogio del cazzotto", uscito sempre sull'"Avanti!" il 12 giugno 1916. L'episodio cui si riferiva Gramsci in questo articolo era il seguente. Dei deputati socialisti, come gesto dimostrativo, avevano lanciato nell'aula di Montecitorio alcune cartoline con l'effige di parlamentari russi che erano stati deportati in Siberia a causa della loro opposizione alla guerra (c'era ancora il regime assolutista dello zar, e la Russia era alleata in guerra con le potenze della Triplice Intesa, con l'Italia, e contro la Germania e l'Impero asburgico). Un deputato interventista, Giuseppe Bevione, in quell'occasione accusò i socialisti di essere al soldo del nemico. Ne nacque un tafferuglio, durante il quale il socialista Nino Mazzoni colpì Bevione con un pugno. Questo, nello specifico, fu il "cazzotto" cui si riferisce Gramscì nel suo articolo, scrivendo fra l'altro:

"Non siamo entusiastici ammiratori del diritto del pugno; eppure quei pugni vibrati robustamente sul ceffo di Bevione ci riempiono di giubilo e di ammirazione".

Anche qui: possiamo dire che sia davvero ininfluente collocare la citazione di Gramsci nel suo contesto?

4. Vota Antonio. Veniamo ora ad un'altra delle dicotomie che Roberto Saviano delinea nel suo pezzo: quella fra opposizione parlamentare Vs. opposizione extraparlamentare. La prima riformista e "buona", la seconda estremista e "cattiva". E confrontiamo questa dicotomia con un esempio storico.

Nel giugno 1924, dopo il rapimento di Giacomo Matteotti, i parlamentari dell'opposizione antifascista decisero di disertare le aule del Parlamento, dando così luogo a quella forma di protesta extraparlamentare che passò alla storia come "secessione dell'Aventino". Fra loro c'era Filippo Turati, assieme a tutti i socialisti riformisti. C'era anche la piccola pattuglia dei deputati comunisti, che però, nel novembre 1924, verificata l'inefficacia della protesta aventiniana, decisero di rientrare in Parlamento, dove rimasero a contrastare la maggioranza fascista, praticamente da soli, per altri due anni, fino a quando il partito comunista non fu messo fuori legge. (A che tipo di pacifica dialettica parlamentare fossero avvezzi i deputati fascisti lo si può vedere consultando la voce di Wikipedia dedicata a Francesco Misiano).

Quindi, ricapitolando. Nel 1925 abbiamo il socialista riformista Turati fuori dal parlamento. In parlamento c'è una maggioranza parlamentare "estremista" fascista e una minoranza comunista (parimenti "estremista" secondo Saviano) di cui Gramsci fa parte. Comunque si voglia giudicare la situazione, si tratta di un caso in cui la realtà storica si rivela più complessa dei rigidi schematismi delineati da Saviano.

5. Conclusione. Con tutto questo discorso non voglio dire, naturalmente, che la violenza verbale nella lotta politica va sempre bene, che è sempre giustificata. Sono d'accordo con Saviano nel condannare certe forme di settarismo inutile e controproducente (di cui è un esempio il giudizio su Turati espresso da un Togliatti al peggio del suo stalinismo, citato da Saviano nel suo articolo). Né intendo affrontare discorsi astratti sul punto se sia meglio la lotta extraparlamentare o quella parlamentare.

Dico che ogni situazione fa storia a sé, che occorre giudicare caso per caso, e che generalizzazioni astratte e astoriche, come quella proposta da Saviano nell'articolo in questione, non hanno alcun significato.
          Pausa pranzo        
Torno a casa. Metto una pentola d'acqua sul fornello e lo accendo. Poi prendo un dischetto e lo metto nel lettore.

Beethoven, Sonata op. 106 nell'orchestrazione di Felix Weingartner. Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, diretta dallo stesso Weingartner. Incisione storica, del 1930. Riversata su CD, edizione economica.

Che idea bislacca, trascrivere l'Hammerklavier per orchestra. L'opera, così, non funziona. E' incongrua, fuori posto. O forse è l'arrangiamento che non va bene: tutto in legato! Come no: siccome al piano non si può fare e con l'orchestra sì, allora mettiamo il glissando un po' dovunque...

Non importa. L'op. 106 è bellissima anche così. Beethoven è l'unico musicista che riesce a commuovere anche nelle esecuzioni più impossibili, e nelle situazioni d'ascolto più precarie.

Audiocassette in edizioni da autogrill della Quinta o della Sonata al chiaro di luna ascoltate in auto, d'estate, andando verso la spiaggia, coi finestrini aperti e quasi tutta la musica che si perde nel rumore...

C'è qualcosa di disneyano, nell'orchestrazione anni '30 di Weingartner. Quando ho visto per la prima volta Fantasia? Non ricordo, ma dovevo avere quattro o cinque anni. A Milano. I miei mi portarono al cinema, sicuramente, e qualcosa deve essersi depositato profondamente nella mia memoria. La Sesta sinfonia mi sembra di conoscerla da sempre.

Questa, però, è preistoria. La storia dei miei ascolti musicali comincia invece a metà degli anni '80. Avevo (o meglio, i miei genitori avevano) un magnetofono da tavolo a cassette, di quelli che si usavano per registrare pro-memoria e appunti vocali. Io lo usavo per sentire musica. Le cassette le avevo comprate all'uscita da scuola, prima di prendere il treno che mi avrebbe ricondotto a casa.

Il corso principale della città dove frequentavo il liceo scientifico aveva due negozi di dischi. Quello della signora Esposito era il più fornito: aveva dei meravigliosi cataloghi delle principali case discografiche. I cataloghi, però, mi mettevano in imbarazzo. Avrei voluto consultarli per ore, ma non stava bene: a un certo punto bisognava scegliere e ordinare. E poi, la cassetta arrivava dopo settimane, e a quell'epoca ero molto impaziente.

Il negozio del signor Cavo (dischi ed elettrodomestici, nomen omen) era più piccolo, ma aveva la particolarità di essere praticamente sempre aperto. Arrivavi col treno la mattina presto e trovavi già la saracinesca alzata, oppure perdevi il primo treno del ritorno, e potevi comunque rifugiarti una mezz'oretta da Cavo a contemplare lo scaffale con le cassette, senza essere disturbato (era, e per quanto ne so è ancora, un uomo di una discrezione esemplare, cosa non frequente in provincia). Potevi stare lì davanti quanto volevi prima di scegliere cosa comprare, oppure anche uscire senza aver preso niente, con un semplice grazie e arrivederci.

Ma, quando avevo diecimila lire in tasca, mi piaceva sempre entrare da Cavo per poi uscirne con una cassetta di Mozart o di Beethoven ben sistemata in mezzo ai libri - che tenevo orgogliosamente legati con una cinta elastica, per distinguermi dai miei compagni che sfoggiavano zainetti Invicta dai quali, durante l'intervallo, tiravano fuori i loro dischi di musica pop.

Intanto l'acqua bolle. Mezzo cucchiaino di sale. Apro la dispensa: pennette rigate o spaghetti? Opto per gli spaghetti: cuociono prima.

"La città dove frequentavo il liceo". Ho già scritto il nome di questa città? No. Lo scrivo adesso: Locri. Provincia di Reggio Calabria.

Da una vita, la semplice domanda "Di dove sei?" mi obbliga a fornire spiegazioni complicate e, suppongo, noiose, e anche poco convincenti. Ai tempi del liceo la risposta era semplice: di Africo. Se l'interlocutore era discreto, bastava così. Altrimenti scattava l'altra domanda: "E perché parli con l'accento milanese?" - Sai, la mia famiglia abitava a Milano, poi ci siamo trasferiti in Calabria. "Ah, allora i tuoi sono milanesi". - Niente affatto, siamo calabresi da chissà quante generazioni; ma i miei erano emigrati a Milano alla fine degli anni '60. "E come mai siete tornati qui?" - Uffa...

Da quando sto al Nord, la spiegazione è diventata ancora più involuta e implausibile. Se ci penso, mi vedo in un commissariato di polizia, seduto davanti a una lampada da tavolo puntata addosso a me, mentre l'ispettore, nascosto in una minacciosa penombra, mi inquisisce. "Ricominciamo daccapo. Di dove sei?" - Di Vigevano. "Ma non parli con l'accento di Vigevano". - No, perché sono calabrese. "Ma sul documento c'è scritto che sei nato a Milano". - Sì, perché all'epoca i miei abitavano lì. "Ah. E adesso dove abitano?" - Ad Africo. "Prima hai detto a Bianco." - Sì, anagraficamente stanno a Bianco. Sono due paesi confinanti. In realtà casa dei miei è tra Africo e Bianco, sulla statale. Ma comunque è più vicina ad Africo che a Bianco, anche se, sulla carta, è nel territorio di Bianco. Però i miei sono di Africo. "Ricominciamo daccapo..."

Intanto l'op. 106 di Beethoven, trascritta da Weingartner, è finita. Devo cambiare il CD. Ho ancora una cinquantina di minuti prima di tornare in ufficio. Cosa metto?

Scelgo velocemente, prima che la pasta scuocia: Invenzioni a due e tre voci di J. S. Bach. Glenn Gould, al pianoforte.

Butto gli spaghetti nello scolapasta. Che senso ha suonare il piano facendo finta che sia un clavicembalo? Venticinque anni che ascolto Gould e me lo chiedo.

Dicembre millenovecentoottantotto. Pomeriggio. Devo studiare per l'interrogazione di matematica. Non ne ho proprio voglia. Slego il fardello dei libri di scuola e ne estraggo il mio acquisto di oggi. Una cassetta made in U.S.A., dall'elegantissima copertina nera bordata d'oro. Bach, Inventions and Sinfonias. Glenn Gould.

Metto la cassetta nel mangianastri. Una musica astratta, trasparente, cantabile. Sembra provenire dallo spazio siderale, eppure i contorni si distinguono con precisione. Una sensazione di freddo secco, fine e pungente.

Guardai fuori. Non potevo crederci: stava nevicando. La casa dei miei è sul mare; l'Aspromonte dista solo una cinquantina di chilometri, ma qui sulla costa l'inverno è mite, la neve è un evento che capita forse una volta ogni dieci anni. Capitò quella volta. Mi alzai dalla scrivania e andai alla finestra a vedere i cristalli che scendevano lentamente.

L'inverno è mite, sulla costa ionica della Calabria. La stagione peggiore è l'autunno. A fine ottobre le piogge arrivano improvvise, massicce e violente, e possono durare per settimane. Non c'è che da chiudersi in casa e aspettare che passino.

Ho sedici anni e sto correndo attraverso la piazza principale di Locri verso la stazione. Il cielo è nero, l'aria è elettrica e tra poco scoppierà un forte temporale. Stavolta ho perso troppo tempo dalla signora Esposito, non sapevo decidermi, alla fine ho comprato la Sesta sinfonia di Beethoven e i concerti K. 488 e K. 491 nell'interpretazione di Daniel Barenboim, ma ora rischio di perdere il treno. La Sesta un po' la conosco, è quella della pubblicità. Ma il Concerto in do minore. Chissà com'è. Mozart scrive raramente in minore. Ma quando lo fa, mette i brividi. Mi precipito con il cuore in gola, mentre le bobine sbattono ritmicamente contro l'involucro di plastica nascosto fra i libri.

"Secondo le testimonianze di molta gente che ha vissuto in prima persona quei tragici giorni dell'alluvione e attraverso dei libri pubblicati da alcuni scrittori del paese, il 15 ottobre 1951 rappresenta una data indimenticabile e storica per il popolo di Africo in quanto un evento imprevisto sconvolse l’esistenza di Africo e della sua frazione, Casalnuovo. Per quattro giorni consecutivi dal 15 al 18 ottobre 1951, una bufera di vento, pioggia e nevischio si abbatté ininterrottamente sui due paesi causando frane, crolli di abitazioni e la distruzione di intere colture. La gente, spaventata, si riversò in massa in chiesa, pregando Dio e il suo Santo protettore, San Leo. La catastrofe avvenne soprattutto giorno 17 con continue frane, smottamenti di terreno, pioggia battente e violenta".

"La mattina del 18 ottobre la gente ricorda un'aria rossastra su nel cielo che metteva paura solo ad osservarla. [...] Molti furono quelli che, sorpresi dal maltempo, non fecero in tempo a mettersi in salvo, perché la piena del fiume impedì loro la via del ritorno a casa. Alla fine i due paesi contarono i danni: i morti furono sei a Casalnuovo e tre ad Africo. Gran parte del bestiame fu trascinato dal fiume, le case furono per la maggior parte distrutte e sepolte, le colture non più esistenti perché trascinate dalla pioggia."

"La lenta organizzazione della vita civile e della lotta politica fu sconvolta dall'alluvione del 1951. Una frana spazzò via il paese. I morti furono pochi, ma Africo scomparve. La storia della ricostruzione è allucinante. Per tutto un decennio gli africoti cercarono il terreno per ricomporre la loro comunità. Si iniziò una lotta tra chi voleva tornare nel vecchio territorio, dove erano restate le misere proprietà, e quelli che cercavano una sistemazione nuova. La scelta di una soluzione divise i due campi, anche la sinistra. Alla fine prevalse la tesi, sostenuta da don Stilo e dalla DC, di costruire un nuovo comune in una località distante 50 chilometri dal vecchio paese. Per lunghi anni la maggioranza degli africoti visse in un campo profughi. All'inizio del 1960 era sorta Africo Nuovo".

Un bambino di nove anni. Una bambina di due anni. Che esperienza possono aver fatto della catastrofe, e poi della loro condizione di profughi? Come l'hanno vissuta? Che tracce ha lasciato su di loro?

I miei genitori mi hanno parlato pochissimo dell'alluvione e degli eventi successivi. Hanno sempre insistito affinché studiassi, hanno incoraggiato i miei interessi per la musica, la letteratura, le scienze. Mi hanno sostenuto fino al diploma, poi fino alla laurea. Ma sugli eventi del loro paese non mi hanno mai detto molto.

Mio padre non sopporta il vento. Se è notte, e fuori c'è vento, non riesce a dormire.

"Non si è mai capito - manca una documentazione e mancano anche testimonianze orali credibili - se fu la mafia calabrese a premere per ricostruire Africo nel territorio di Bianco, senza terra, senza delimitazione territoriale e stato giuridico (com'è rimasto fino al 1980), in una località dove i contadini poveri, la grande maggioranza degli abitanti, sarebbero stati privati di quei diritti civici - il legnatico, il seminativo, il pascolo - di cui godevano nel vecchio paese. Da una montagna aspra al mare. Un caso esemplare di perdita dell'identità individuale e collettiva: gli abitanti di Africo infatti non sono più pastori né contadini, odiano il mare e non sono diventati né pescatori né marinai".

Ho diciannove anni. Preparo l'esame di maturità ascoltando la Sinfonia Italiana di Mendelssohn e la Sinfonia Incompiuta di Schubert. L'incongruità della situazione mi è divenuta insopportabile: che senso ha vivere in Calabria stando sempre chiuso in casa, parlare con un ridicolo accento settentrionale e, in generale, far finta di abitare in Mitteleuropa? A questo punto, non è meglio emigrare? Spengo il registratore e accendo la radio. Trasmettono The End dei Doors. C'è l'anniversario della morte di Jim Morrison.

Alla maturità, filosofia non è uscita. Peccato. Mi sarebbe piaciuto portare Kant. Non capisco perché tutti dicono che è un pensatore difficile: a me sembra così naturale, così ovvio. Certo: lo spazio, il tempo, sono forme della nostra mente. Ma, in sé, non esistono affatto.

Spengo lo stereo, aziono la lavastoviglie. E' ora di tornare in ufficio.

(Racconto pubblicato anche su Evulon. Nota: tutti i paragrafi tra virgolette sono tratti dal sito Internet di un mio compaesano, http://www.giuseppemorabito.it tranne l'ultimo che è tratto da Corrado Stajano, L'Italia ferita. Storie di un popolo che vorrebbe vivere secondo le regole della democrazia, Cinemazero, Pordenone 2010, pag. 96).
          Subaru Adventure Team Kicks Off with Heuberger Motors Facebook Contest        

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado—Heuberger Motors (www.bestbuysubaru.com) is kicking off the new Subaru Adventure Team with a Facebook photo contest that will earn one person a full day self-rescue class for two people, or a one-day introductory climbing lesson for two. The contest is designed to help introduce the Subaru Adventure Team to local Subaru drivers and […]

The post Subaru Adventure Team Kicks Off with Heuberger Motors Facebook Contest appeared first on Car News in the USA.


          Kemajuan Iptek Banyak Ungkap Kebenaran Al Qur'an        



Ilmuwan Mesir, Prof Dr Zagloul Mohamed El-Naggar,mengatakan, semakin maju ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi (Iptek), semakinterungkap pula keajaiban kitab suci Al Quran. "Al Quran bukan buku ilmu pengetahuan,tetapi ayat-ayat mengenai alam semesta (kauniyah) kini terbukti dalampenemuan-penemuan ilmiah di abad modern ini," kata Prof Naggardalam ceramahnya di Aula Harun Nasution, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) SyarifHidayatullah, Jakarta, pada Kamis 30/9/2010 silam.
Pakar ilmu bumi (geologi) tersebut mengupas beragampenemuan ilmiah mengenai alam semesta yang mengamini hakikat kebenaran AlQuran. Sebagai contoh, Ayat-6 Surat Al Thur, "Al Bahrul Masjur" (Demilaut yang—di dalam tanah bawah laut itu—ada api). Terbukti secara ilmiah olehpara ahli geologi dan ilmu kelautan bahwa dasar semua samudra dipanasi olehjutaan ton magma yang keluar dari perut bumi. Menurut peraih doktor geologi jebolan UniversitasWales, Inggris, pada tahun 1963 itu, magma tersebut keluar melalui jaringanrengkahan raksasa yang secara total merobek lapisan litosfir dan sampai kelapisan astenosfir. "Para ilmuwan yang jujur akan kagum melihatkepeloporan Al Quran dan hadis-hadis Nabi terkait petunjuk tentangfakta-fakta ilmiah bumi, yang baru dapat dibuktikan pada akhir abad ke-20seiring dengan kemajuan iptek," kata ilmuwan yang telah menghafal semua 30juz Al Quran saat berusia sepuluh tahun itu.
Fakta ilmiah lain, katanya, yaitu Ayat 15 dan 16 SuratAt Takwir: "Fala Uqsimu bil khunnas. Al Jawaril Kunnas" (Akubersumpah dengan bintang-bintang yang tak tampak. Yang bergerak sangat cepat).
Prof Naggar menjelaskan, para ulama dahulu menafsirkan ayat tersebut secarametaforis, namun para ahli astronomi pada akhir abad ke-20 menemukan faktailmiah, yaitu apa yang disebut black hole (lubang hitam).
Black hole adalah planet yang ditandaidengan densitas yang tinggi dan gravitasi yang kuat, tempat zat dan semuabentuk energi, termasuk cahaya, tidak mungkin lepas dari perangkapnya, katanya.Disebut lubang hitam karena ia sangat gelap tak terlihat, dengan kecepatangeraknya diperkirakan mencapai 300.000 km per detik. Black hole dianggap sebagai fase tua kehidupanbintang, yang didahului ledakan dan zatnya kembali menjadi nebula. "Faktaini baru terungkap pada akhir abad ke-20, yakni 14 abad setelah wafatnya NabiMuhammad SAW," kata Prof Naggar.
          WAKTU-WAKTU TERKABULNYA DO'A        
Waktu-Waktu Terkabulnya Do'a
Sungguh berbeda Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala dengan makhluk-Nya. Dia Maha Pemurah lagi Maha Penyayang. Lihatlah manusia, ketika ada orang meminta sesuatu darinya ia merasa kesal dan berat hati. Sedangkan Allah Ta’ala mencintai hamba yang meminta kepada-Nya. Sebagaimana perkataan seorang penyair:
الله يغضب إن تركت سؤاله وبني آدمحين يسأل يغضب
“Allah murka pada orang yang enggan meminta kepada-Nya, sedangkan manusia ketika diminta ia marah”
Ya, Allah mencintai hamba yang berdoa kepada-Nya, bahkan karena cinta-Nya Allah memberi ‘bonus’ berupa ampunan dosa kepada hamba-Nya yang berdoa. Allah Ta’ala berfirman dalam sebuah hadits qudsi:
يا ابن آدم إنك ما دعوتني ورجوتني غفرت لكعلى ما كان منك ولا أبالي
“Wahai manusia, selagi engkau berdoa dan berharap kepada-Ku, aku mengampuni dosamu dan tidak aku pedulikan lagi dosamu” (HR. At Tirmidzi, ia berkata: ‘Hadits hasan shahih’)
Sungguh Allah memahami keadaan manusia yang lemah dan senantiasa membutuhkan akan Rahmat-Nya. Manusia tidak pernah lepas dari keinginan, yang baik maupun yang buruk. Bahkan jika seseorang menuliskan segala keinginannya dikertas, entah berapa lembar akan terpakai. Maka kita tidak perlu heran jika Allah Ta’ala melaknat orang yang enggan berdoa kepada-Nya. Orang yang demikian oleh Allah ‘Azza Wa Jalla disebut sebagai hamba yang sombong dan diancam dengan neraka Jahannam. Allah Ta’ala berfirman:
ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ إِنَّالَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِي سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ
“Berdoalah kepadaKu, Aku akan kabulkan doa kalian. Sungguh orang-orang yang menyombongkan diri karena enggan beribadah kepada-Ku, akan dimasukkan ke dalam neraka Jahannam dalam keadaan hina dina” (QS. Ghafir: 60)
Ayat ini juga menunjukkan bahwa Allah Maha Pemurah terhadap hamba-Nya,karena hamba-Nya diperintahkan berdoa secara langsung kepada Allah tanpa melalui perantara dan dijamin akan dikabulkan.
BerdoaDi Waktu Yang Tepat
Diantara usaha yang bisa kita upayakan agar doa kita dikabulkan oleh Allah Ta’ala adalah dengan memanfaatkan waktu-waktu tertentu yang dijanjikan oleh Allah bahwa doa ketika waktu-waktu tersebut dikabulkan. Diantara waktu-waktu tersebut adalah:

1. Sepertiga Malam.

Rasulullah saw. bersabda: “Keadaan yang paling dekat antara Tuhan dan hambanya adalah di waktu tengah malam akhir. Jika kamu mampu menjadi bagian yang berdzikir kepada Allah, maka kerjakanlah pada waktu itu.” Dari Jabir berkata, Rasulullah saw. bersabda: “Sesungguhnya bagian dari malam ada waktu yang apabila seorang hamba muslim meminta kebaikan kepada Allah dan sesuai dengan waktu itu, pasti Allah mengabulkannya.” Imam Ahmad menambah:“Itu terjadi di setiap malam.”

Allah Ta’ala mencintai hamba-Nya yang berdoa disepertiga malam yang terakhir.
Allah Ta’ala berfirman tentang ciri-ciri orang yang bertaqwa, salah satunya:
وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْيَسْتَغْفِرُون

“Ketika waktu sahur(akhir-akhir malam), mereka berdoa memohon ampunan”

(QS. Adz Dzariyat: 18)

Sepertiga malam yang paling akhir adalah waktu yang penuh berkah, sebab pada saat itu Rabb kita Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala turun ke langit dunia dan mengabulkan setiap doa hamba-Nya yang berdoa ketika itu. Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam:

ينزل ربنا تبارك وتعالى كل ليلة إلى السماء الدنيا ، حين يبقى ثلث الليلالآخر، يقول : من يدعوني فأستجيب له ، من يسألني فأعطيه ، من يستغفرني فأغفر له

“Rabb kita turun kelangit dunia pada sepertiga malam yang akhir pada setiap malamnya. Kemudian berfirman: ‘Orang yang berdoa kepada-Ku akan Ku kabulkan, orang yang meminta sesuatu kepada-Ku akan Kuberikan, orang yang meminta ampunan dari-Ku akan Kuampuni‘”

(HR. Bukhari no.1145,Muslim no. 758)

Namun perlu dicatat,sifat ‘turun’ dalam hadits ini jangan sampai membuat kita membayangkan Allah Ta’ala turun sebagaimana manusia turun dari suatu tempat ke tempat lain. Karena tentu berbeda. Yang penting kita mengimani bahwaAllah Ta’ala turun ke langit dunia, karena yang berkata demikian adalah Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam diberijulukan Ash shadiqul Mashduq (orang jujur yang diotentikasi kebenarannya oleh Allah), tanpa perlu mempertanyakan dan membayangkan bagaimana caranya. Dari hadits ini jelas bahwa sepertiga malam yang akhir adalah waktu yang dianjurkan untuk memperbanyak berdoa.

2. Saat Sujud.

Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda:
أقرب ما يكون العبد منربه وهو ساجد . فأكثروا الدعا

“Seorang hamba berada paling dekat dengan Rabb-nya ialah ketika ia sedang bersujud. Maka perbanyaklah berdoa ketika itu” (HR. Muslim, no.482)

3. Ketika Adzan Berkumandang.

Selain dianjurkan untuk menjawab adzan dengan lafazh yang sama, saat adzan dikumandangkan pun termasuk waktu yang mustajab untuk berdoa.
Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihiWasallam bersabda:
ثنتان لا تردان أو قلما تردان الدعاء عند النداء وعند البأس حين يلحم بعضهمبعضا
“Doa tidak tertolak pada dua waktu, atau minimal kecil kemungkinan tertolaknya. Yaitu ketika adzan berkumandang dan saat perang berkecamuk, ketika kedua kubu saling menyerang”

(HR. Abu Daud, 2540,Ibnu Hajar Al Asqalani dalam Nata-ijul Afkar, 1/369, berkata:“Hasan Shahih”)

4. Antara Adzan dan Iqamat.

Waktu jeda antara adzan dan iqamah adalah juga merupakan waktu yang dianjurkan untuk berdoa, berdasarkan sabda Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam:
الدعاء لا يرد بين الأذان والإقامة
“Doa di antara adzan dan iqamah tidak tertolak” (HR. Tirmidzi, 212, ia berkata: “Hasan Shahih”)
Dengan demikian jelaslah bahwa amalan yang dianjurkan antara adzan dan iqamah adalah berdoa, bukan shalawatan, atau membaca murattal dengan suara keras, misalnya dengan menggunakan mikrofon. Selain tidak pernah dicontohkan oleh Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihiWasallam, amalan-amalan tersebut dapat mengganggu orang yang berdzikir atau sedang shalat sunnah. Padahal Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda,
لا إن كلكم مناج ربه فلا يؤذين بعضكم بعضا ولا يرفع بعضكم على بعض في القراءةأو قال في الصلاة
“Ketahuilah, kalian semua sedang bermunajat kepada Allah, maka janganlah saling mengganggu satu sama lain. Janganlah kalian mengeraskan suara dalam membaca Al Qur’an,’ atau beliau berkata, ‘Dalam shalat’,” (HR. Abu Daud no.1332, Ahmad, 430, dishahihkan oleh Ibnu Hajar Al Asqalani di Nata-ijul Afkar, 2/16).
Selain itu, orangyang shalawatan atau membaca Al Qur’an dengan suara keras diwaktu jeda ini, telah meninggalkan amalan yang di anjurkan olehRasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam, yaitu berdoa. Padahal ini adalah kesempatan yang bagus untuk memohon kepada Allah segala sesuatu yang ia inginkan. Sungguh merugi jika ia melewatkannya.
5. Ketika Bertemu Musuh.
Salah satu keutamaan pergi ke medan perang dalam rangka berjihad di jalan Allah adalah doa dari orang yang berperang di jalan Allah ketika perang sedang berkecamuk, diijabah olehAllah Ta’ala. Dalilnya adalah hadits berikut:

ثنتان لا تردان أو قلما تردان الدعاء عند النداء وعند البأس حين يلحم بعضهمبعضا

“Doa tidak tertolak pada dua waktu, atau minimal kecil kemungkinan tertolaknya. Yaitu ketika adzan berkumandang dan saat perang berkecamuk, ketika kedua kubu saling menyerang” (HR. Abu Daud, 2540, Ibnu Hajar Al Asqalani dalam Nata-ijul Afkar,1/369, berkata: “Hasan Shahih”)

6. Ketika Hujan Turun.

Hujan adalah nikmat Allah Ta’ala. Oleh karena itu tidak boleh mencelanya. Sebagian orang merasa jengkel dengan turunnya hujan, padahal yang menurunkan hujan tidak lain adalah Allah Ta’ala. Oleh karena itu, daripada tenggelam dalam rasa jengkel lebih baik memanfaatkan waktu hujan untuk berdoa memohon apa yang diinginkan kepada AllahTa’ala:
ثنتان ما تردان : الدعاء عند النداء ، و تحت المطر
“Doa tidak tertolakpada 2 waktu, yaitu ketika adzan berkumandang dan ketika hujan turun”

(HR Al Hakim, 2534,dishahihkan Al Albani di Shahih Al Jami’, 3078)

7. Potongan Waktu Akhirdi Hari Jum’at.

Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihiWasallam bersabda,
أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ذكر يوم الجمعة ، فقال : فيه ساعة ، لايوافقها عبد مسلم ، وهو قائم يصلي ، يسأل الله تعالى شيئا ، إلا أعطاه إياه .وأشار بيده يقللها
“Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam menyebutkan tentang hari Jumat kemudian beliau bersabda: ‘Di dalamnya terdapat waktu. Jika seorang muslim berdoa ketika itu, pasti diberikan apa yang ia minta’. Lalu beliau mengisyaratkan dengan tangannya tentang sebentarnya waktu tersebut” (HR. Bukhari 935, Muslim 852dari sahabat Abu HurairahRadhiallahu’anhu)
Ibnu Hajar Al Asqalani dalam Fathul Baari ketika menjelaskan hadits ini beliau menyebutkan 42 pendapat ulama tentang waktu yang dimaksud. Namun secara umum terdapat 4 pendapat yang kuat.
Pendapat pertama, yaitu waktu sejak imam naik mimbar sampai selesai shalat Jum’at, berdasarkan hadits:
هي ما بين أن يجلس الإمام إلى أن تقضى الصلاة
“Waktu tersebut adalah ketika imam naik mimbar sampai shalat Jum’at selesai” (HR. Muslim,853 dari sahabat Abu Musa Al Asy’ari Radhiallahu’anhu).
Pendapat ini dipilih oleh Imam Muslim, An Nawawi, Al Qurthubi, Ibnul Arabi dan Al Baihaqi.

Pendapat kedua, yaitu setelah ashar sampai terbenamnya matahari. Berdasarkan hadits:
يوم الجمعة ثنتا عشرة يريد ساعة لا يوجد مسلم يسأل الله عز وجل شيئا إلا أتاهالله عز وجل فالتمسوها آخر ساعة بعد العصر
“Dalam 12 jam hariJum’at ada satu waktu, jika seorang muslim meminta sesuatu kepada Allah Azza WaJalla pasti akan dikabulkan. Carilah waktu itu di waktu setelah ashar” (HR.Abu Daud, no.1048 dari sahabat Jabir bin AbdillahRadhiallahu’anhu. Dishahihkan Al Albani di Shahih Abi Daud). Pendapat ini dipilih oleh At Tirmidzi, dan Ibnu Qayyim Al Jauziyyah. Pendapat ini yang lebih masyhur dikalangan para ulama.
Pendapat ketiga, yaitu setelah ashar, namun diakhir-akhir hari Jum’at. Pendapat ini didasari oleh riwayat dari Abi Salamah. Ishaq bin Rahawaih, At Thurthusi, Ibnul Zamlakani menguatkan pendapat ini.
Pendapat keempat, yang juga dikuatkan oleh Ibnu Hajar sendiri, yaitu menggabungkan semua pendapat yang ada. Ibnu‘Abdil Barr berkata: “Dianjurkan untuk bersungguh-sungguh dalam berdoa pada dua waktu yang disebutkan”. Dengan demikian seseorang akan lebih memperbanyak doanya di hari Jum’at tidak pada beberapa waktu tertentu saja. Pendapat ini dipilih oleh Imam Ahmad bin Hambal, Ibnu ‘Abdil Barr.
8. Doa Seseorang UntukSaudaranya Tanpa Sepengetahuan Saudaranya.
Dalam riwayat Imam Muslim dari Abu Darda’ berkata: “Rasulullah saw. bersabda: “Tiada seorang muslim yang berdoa bagi saudaranya tanpa sepengetahuan saudaranya itu, kecuali Malaikat berkata, bagimu seperti apa yang kamu doakan untuk saudaramu.” Dalam kesempatan yang lain Rasulullah saw. bersabda: “Doa seorang al-akh bagi saudaranya tanpa sepengetahuan dirinya tidak tertolak.”
9. Hendaknya KetikaTidur Dalam Kondisi Dzikir, Kemudian Ketika Bangun Malam Berdoa.
Dari Muadz bin Jabaldari Nabi saw. bersabda: “Tiada seorang muslim yang tidur dalam keadaan dzikir dan bersuci, kemudian ketika ia bangun di tengah malam, ia meminta kepada Allah suatu kebaikan dunia dan akhirat, kecuali Allah pasti mengabulkannya.”
10. Ketika berbuka puasa
Waktu berbuka puasa pun merupakan waktu yang penuh keberkahan, karena diwaktu ini manusia merasakan salah satu kebahagiaan ibadah puasa, yaitu diperbolehkannya makan dan minum setelah seharian menahannya, sebagaimana hadits:

للصائم فرحتان : فرحة عند فطره و فرحة عندلقاء ربه

“Orang yang berpuasa memiliki 2 kebahagiaan: kebahagiaan ketika berbuka puasa dan kebahagiaan ketika bertemu dengan Rabb-Nya kelak” (HR. Muslim,no.1151)

Keberkahan lain diwaktu berbuka puasa adalah dikabulkannya doa orang yang telah berpuasa,sebagaimana sabda Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam:

ثلاث لا ترد دعوتهم الصائم حتى يفطروالإمام العادل و المظلوم

‘”Ada tiga doa yang tidak tertolak. Doanya orang yang berpuasa ketika berbuka, doanya pemimpin yang adil dan doanya orang yang terzhalimi” (HR. Tirmidzi no.2528,Ibnu Majah no.1752, Ibnu Hibban no.2405, dishahihkan Al Albani di Shahih At Tirmidzi)

Oleh karena itu,jangan lewatkan kesempatan baik ini untuk memohon apa saja yang termasuk kebaikan dunia dan kebaikan akhirat. Namun perlu diketahui, terdapat doa yang dianjurkan untuk diucapkan ketika berbuka puasa, yaitu doa berbuka puasa. Sebagaimana hadits

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذاأفطر قال ذهب الظمأ وابتلت العروق وثبت الأجر إن شاء الله

“Biasanya Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam ketika berbuka puasa membaca doa:

ذهب الظمأ وابتلت العروق وثبت الأجر إن شاء الله

/Dzahabaz zhamaa-u wabtalatil ‘uruqu wa tsabatal ajru insyaa Allah/

(‘Rasa haus telah hilang, kerongkongan telah basah, semoga pahala didapatkan. Insya Allah’)” (HR. Abu Daud no.2357, Ad Daruquthni 2/401,dihasankan oleh Ibnu Hajar Al Asqalani di Hidayatur Ruwah, 2/232)

Adapun doa yang tersebar di masyarakat dengan lafazh berikut:

اللهم لك صمت و بك امنت و على رزقك افطرتبرحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين

adalah hadits palsu, atau dengan kata lain, ini bukanlah hadits. Tidak terdapat di kitab hadits manapun. Sehingga kita tidak boleh meyakini doa inisebagai hadits Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam.

Oleh karena itu, doa dengan lafazh ini dihukumi sama seperti ucapan orang biasa. Sama kedudukannya seperti kita berdoa dengan kata-kata sendiri. Sehingga doa ini tidak boleh dipopulerkan apalagi dipatenkan sebagai doa berbuka puasa.

Memang ada hadits tentang doa berbuka puasa dengan lafazh yang mirip dengan doa tersebut, semisal:

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذاأفطر قال : اللهم لك صمت وعلى رزقك أفطرت فتقبل مني إنك أنت السميع العليم

“Biasanya RasulullahShallallahu’alaihi Wasallam ketika berbuka membaca doa: Allahumma laka shumtu wa ‘alaa rizqika afthartu fataqabbal minni,innaka antas samii’ul ‘aliim”

Dalam Al Futuhat Ar Rabbaniyyah (4/341), dinukil perkataan Ibnu Hajar Al Asqalani: “Hadits ini gharib, dan sanadnya lemah sekali”. Hadits ini juga di-dhaif-kan oleh Al Albani di Dhaif Al Jami’ (4350). Atau doa-doa yang lafazh-nya semisal hadits ini semuanya berkisar antara hadits dhaif atau munkar.

11. Ketika malam lailatul qadar

Malam lailatul qadar adalah malam diturunkannya Al Qur’an.Malam ini lebih utama dari 1000 bulan. Sebagaimana firman Allah Ta’ala:

لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِشَهْرٍ

“Malam Lailatul Qadr lebih baik dari 1000 bulan” (QS. Al Qadr: 3)

Pada malam ini dianjurkan memperbanyak ibadah termasuk memperbanyak doa. Sebagaimana yang diceritakan oleh Ummul Mu’minin Aisyah Radhiallahu’anha:

قلت يا رسول الله أرأيت إن علمت أي ليلةليلة القدر ما أقول فيها قال قولي اللهم إنك عفو كريم تحب العفو فاعف عني

“Aku bertanya kepada Rasulullah: Wahai Rasulullah, menurutmu apa yang sebaiknya aku ucapkan jika aku menemukan malam Lailatul Qadar? Beliau bersabda: Berdoalah:

اللهم إنك عفو تحب العفو فاعف عني

Allahumma innaka‘afuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni ['Ya Allah, sesungguhnyaengkau Maha Pengampun dan menyukai sifat pemaaf, maka ampunilah aku'']”(HR. Tirmidzi,3513, Ibnu Majah, 3119, At Tirmidzi berkata: “Hasan Shahih”)

Pada hadits ini Ummul Mu’minin ‘Aisyah Radhiallahu’anha meminta diajarkan ucapan yang sebaiknya diamalkan ketika malam Lailatul Qadar. Namun ternyata Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam mengajarkan lafadz doa. Ini menunjukkan bahwa pada malam Lailatul Qadar dianjurkan memperbanyak doa, terutama dengan lafadz yang diajarkan tersebut.

12. Ketika sebelum salam pada shalat wajib

Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda:

قيل يا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أيالدعاء أسمع قال جوف الليل الآخر ودبر الصلوات المكتوبات

“Ada yang bertanya: Wahai Rasulullah, kapan doa kita didengar oleh Allah?Beliau bersabda: “Diakhir malam dan diakhir shalat wajib” (HR. Tirmidzi, 3499)

Ibnu Qayyim Al Jauziyyah dalam Zaadul Ma’ad (1/305) menjelaskan bahwa yang dimaksud ‘akhir shalat wajib’ adalah sebelum salam. Dan tidak terdapat riwayat bahwa Nabi Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam dan para sahabat merutinkan berdoa meminta sesuatu setelah salam pada shalat wajib. Ahli fiqih masa kini, Syaikh Ibnu Utsaimin Rahimahullah berkata: “Apakah berdoa setelah shalat itu disyariatkan atau tidak? Jawabannya: tidakdisyariatkan. Karena Allah Ta’ala berfirman:

فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُمُ الصَّلاةَ فَاذْكُرُوااللَّهَ

“Jika engkau selesai shalat, berdzikirlah” (QS. An Nisa: 103). Allah berfirman‘berdzikirlah’, bukan ‘berdoalah’. Maka setelah shalat bukanlah waktu untuk berdoa, melainkan sebelum salam” (Fatawa Ibnu Utsaimin, 15/216).

Namun sungguh disayangkan kebanyakan kaum muslimin merutinkan berdoa meminta sesuatu setelah salam pada shalat wajib yang sebenarnya tidak disyariatkan, kemudian justru meninggalkan waktu-waktu mustajab yang disyariatkan yaitu diantara adzan dan iqamah, ketika adzan, ketika sujud dan sebelum salam.

13. Hari Rabu antara Dzuhur dan Ashar

Sunnah ini belum diketahui oleh kebanyakan kaum muslimin, yaitu dikabulkannya doa diantara shalat Zhuhur dan Ashar dihari Rabu. Ini diceritakan oleh Jabir bin Abdillah Radhiallahu’anhu:

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم دعا في مسجدالفتح ثلاثا يوم الاثنين، ويوم الثلاثاء، ويوم الأربعاء، فاستُجيب له يوم الأربعاءبين الصلاتين فعُرِفَ البِشْرُ في وجهه قال جابر: فلم ينزل بي أمر مهمٌّ غليظ إِلاّ توخَّيْتُ تلك الساعة فأدعو فيهافأعرف الإجابة

“Nabi shalallahu ‘alaihi wasalam berdoa di Masjid Al Fath 3 kali,yaitu hari Senin, Selasa dan Rabu. Pada hari Rabu lah doanya dikabulkan, yaitu diantara dua shalat. Ini diketahui dari kegembiraan di wajah beliau. Berkata Jabir : ‘Tidaklah suatu perkara penting yang berat pada saya kecuali saya memilih waktu ini untuk berdoa,dan saya mendapati dikabulkannya doa saya‘”

Dalam riwayat lain:

فاستجيب له يوم الأربعاء بين الصلاتينالظهر والعصر

“Pada hari Rabu lah doanya dikabulkan, yaitu di antara shalat Zhuhur dan Ashar” (HR. Ahmad, no. 14603, Al Haitsami dalam Majma Az Zawaid, 4/15, berkata: “Semua perawinya tsiqah”, juga dishahihkan Al Albani di Shahih At Targhib, 1185)

14. Ketika Hari Arafah

Hari Arafah adalah hari ketika para jama’ah haji melakukan wukuf di Arafah,yaitu tanggal 9 Dzulhijjah. Pada hari tersebut dianjurkan memperbanyak doa,baik bagi jama’ah haji maupun bagi seluruh kaum muslimin yang tidak sedang menunaikan ibadah haji. Sebab Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda:

خير الدعاء دعاء يوم عرفة

“Doa yang terbaik adalah doa ketika hari Arafah” (HR. At Tirmidzi,3585. Di shahihkan Al Albani dalam Shahih AtTirmidzi)

15. Ketika Meminum Air Zam-zam

Rasulullah Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam bersabda:

ماء زمزم لما شرب له

“Khasiat Air Zam-zam itu sesuai niat peminumnya” (HR. Ibnu Majah,2/1018. Dishahihkan Al Albani dalam Shahih IbniMajah, 2502)

Demikian uraian mengenai waktu-waktu yang paling dianjurkan untuk berdoa.Mudah-mudahan Allah Ta’ala mengabulkan doa-doa kita dan menerima amal ibadah kita.
          JADILAH KITAB WALAU TANPA JUDUL        
Kun kitaaban mufiidan bila ‘unwaanan, wa laa takun ‘unwaanan bila kitaaban. Jadilah kitab yang bermanfaat walaupun tanpa judul. Namun, jangan menjadi judul tanpa kitab.
Pepatah dalam bahasa Arab itu menyiratkan makna yang dalam, terutama menyangkut kondisi bangsa saat ini yang sarat konflik perebutan kekuasaan dan pengabaian amanah oleh pemimpin-pemimpin yang tidak menebar manfaat dengan jabatan dan otoritas yang dimilikinya. Bangsa ini telah kehilangan ruuhul jundiyah, yakni jiwa ksatria. Jundiyah adalah karakter keprajuritan yang di dalamnya terkandung jiwa ksatria sebagaimana diwariskan pejuang dan ulama bangsa ini saat perjuangan kemerdekaan.
Semangat perjuangan (hamasah jundiyah) adalah semangat untuk berperan dan bukan semangat untuk mengejar jabatan, posisi, dan gelar-gelar duniawi lainnya (hamasah manshabiyah). Saat ini, jiwa ksatria itu makin menghilang. Sebaliknya, muncul jiwa-jiwa kerdil dan pengecut yang menginginkan otoritas, kekuasaan, dan jabatan, tetapi tidak mau bertanggung jawab, apalagi berkurban. Yang terjadi adalah perebutan jabatan, baik di partai politik, ormas, maupun pemerintahan. Orang berlomba-lomba mengikuti persaingan untuk mendapatkan jabatan, bahkan dengan menghalalkan segala cara. Akibatnya, di negeri ini banyak orang memiliki “judul”, baik judul akademis, judul keagamaan, judul kemiliteran, maupun judul birokratis, yang tanpa makna. Ada judulnya, tetapi tanpa substansi, tanpa isi, dan tanpa roh.
Padahal, ada kisah-kisah indah dan heroik berbagai bangsa di dunia. Misalnya, dalam Sirah Shahabah, disebutkan bahwa Said bin Zaid pernah menolak amanah menjadi gubernur di Himsh (Syria). Hal ini membuat Umar bin Khattab RA mencengkeram leher gamisnya seraya menghardiknya, “Celaka kau, Said! Kau berikan beban yang berat di pundakku dan kau menolak membantuku.” Baru kemudian, dengan berat hati, Said bin Zaid mau menjadi gubernur.
Ada lagi kisah lain, yaitu Umar bin Khattab memberhentikan Khalid bin Walid pada saat memimpin perang. Hal ini dilakukan untuk menghentikan pengultusan kepada sosok panglima yang selalu berhasil memenangkan pertempuran ini. Khalid menerimanya dengan ikhlas. Dengan singkat, ia berujar, “Aku berperang karena Allah dan bukan karena Umar atau jabatanku sebagai panglima.” Ia pun tetap berperang sebagai seorang prajurit biasa. Khalid dicopot “judul”-nya sebagai panglima perang. Namun, ia tetap membuat “kitab” dan membantu menorehkan kemenangan.
Ibrah yang bisa dipetik dari kisah-kisah tersebut adalah janganlah menjadi judul tanpa kitab; memiliki pangkat, tetapi tidak menuai manfaat. Maka, ruuhul jundiyah atau jiwa ksatria yang penuh pengorbanan harus dihadirkan kembali di tengah bangsa ini sehingga tidak timbul hubbul manaashib, yaitu cinta kepada kepangkatan, jabatan-jabatan, bahkan munafasah ‘alal manashib, berlomba-lomba untuk meraih jabatan-jabatan. Semoga.
          SBY MENYERAHKAN KALPATARU 2011        

Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menyerahkan penghargaan Kalpataru dan Adipura pada peringatan Hari Lingkungan Hidup Sedunia 2011 di Istana Negara Jakarta, Selasa (7/6).

Penghargaan yang diserahkan rutin setiap tahun itu terbagi atas empat kategori untuk Adipura yang diberikan kepada perorangan dan kelompok, serta empat kategori Adipura untuk kota metropolitan, kota besar, kota sedang, dan kota kecil.

Penghargaan juga diberikan kepada kepala daerah tingkat provinsi dan kabupaten/kota untuk penyusun Status Lingkungan Hidup Daerah (LHSD) 2012 terbaik.

Kalpataru kategori perintis lingkungan diberikan kepada Sugiarto dari Desa Cowek, Kecamatan Purwodadi, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur, Marmis Asid dari Nagari Sinurui, Kecamatan Talamau, Kabupaten Pasaman Barat, Sumatera Barat, serta Lulut Sri Yuliani dari Kelurahan Baruk, Kecamatan Rungkut, Kota Surabaya, Jawa Timur.

Kalpataru Pengabdi Lingkungan diberikan kepada Soleman Nugroho dari Desa Tematana, Kecamatan Wamena Timur, Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur, Surjadi SP dari Kelurahan Bebalang, Kecamatan Bangli, Kabupaten Bangli, Bali, serta Sudarli dari Desa Purwodadi, Kecamatan Tepus, Kabupaten Gunung Kidul, Provinsi Yogyakarta.

Kategori Penyelamat Lingkungan diberikan kepada Kelompok nelayan pesisir Karya Segara Serangan, Tukad Semanik, Desa Serangan, Kecamatan Denpasar Selatan, Kota Denpasar, Bali, Pondok Pesantren Nurul Hakim, Desa Kediri, Kecamatan Kediri, Kabupaten Lombok Barat, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat, dan Yayasan Pelopor Sehati dari Desa Padang Mutung, Kecamatan Kampar, Kabupaten Kampar, Provinsi Riau.

Sedangkan kategori pembina lingkungan diberikan kepada Aang Hamidi Suganda dari Kabupaten Kuningan, Jawa Barat dan Krido Suprayitno dari Kabupaten Sleman, Provinsi Yogyakarta.

Penghargaan Adipura kategori Kota Metropolitan diberikan untuk Kota Surabaya, Provinsi Jawa Timur, yang diterima oleh Walikota Surabaya dan Kota Palembang, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan, yang diterima oleh Walikota Palembang.

Adipura untuk kota besar diberikan untuk Kota Yogyakarta, Provinsi DI Yogyakarta, yang diterima oleh Walikota Yogyakarta dan Kota Pekanbaru, Provinsi Riau, yang diterima oleh Walikota Pekanbaru.

Sedangkan Adipura kategori kota sedang diberikan kepada 32 kota antara lain Kota Jepara, Kabupaten Jepara, Provinsi Jawa Tengah, Kota Pare Pare, Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, Kota Kendari, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara, Kota Gresik, Provinsi Jawa Timur, Kota Probolinggo, Provinsi Jawa Timur.

Adipura kategori kota kecil diberikan kepada 42 kota antara lain Kota Pangkajene, Kabupaten Pangkep, Sulawesi Selatan, Kota Pangkalan Bun, Kabupaten Kotawaringin Barat, Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah, Kota Pati, Kabupaten Pati, Provinsi Jawa Tengah, Kota Mojosari, Kabupaten Mojokerto, Provinsi Jawa Timur dan Kota Kolaka, Kabupaten Kolaka, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.

Untuk penghargaan Adiwiyata Mandiri diberikan kepada 21 sekolah yang tersebar di Indonesia, di antaranya SDN P 12 Benhil, Bendungan Hilir, Jakarta Pusat, SMPN 1 Merakurak Tuban, Jawa Timur, dan SMAN 1 Bandar Bener Meuriah, Provinsi Aceh.

Sedangkan penyusun Status Lingkungan Hidup Daerah (SLHD) 2010 terbaik diberikan kepada Provinsi Sumatera Barat diterima oleh Gubernur Sumatera Barat, Provinsi DKI Jakarta diterima oleh Gubernur DKI Jakarta, Provinsi Jawa Timur diterima oleh Gubernur Jawa Timur, Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan, Provinsi Sumatera Barat diterima oleh Bupati Pesisir Selatan, Kota Padang, Provinsi Sumatera Barat diterima oleh Walikota Padang, dan Kota Tangerang, Provinsi Banten diterima oleh Walikota Tangerang. (*/abi)
          Kommentar zu Einen Award für diese Tasche von Sebastian Sturm! von Beatrice Schuberth        
Hallo Maja, melde dich auf b.schuberth-coaching@web.de Was gibt es? Ich freue mich über deine Email. Bin bei Facebook oder Whats App. Stephan hat meine Nummer.
          Kommentar zu Nächster Karriere-Stepp: Dem Gefühl vertrauen, einen Bogen bauen von Beatrice Schuberth        
Ich bin Ihrer Meinung. Es freut mich, das Herz dieser beiden Menschen getroffen zu haben.
          Kommentar zu Nächster Karriere-Stepp: Dem Gefühl vertrauen, einen Bogen bauen von Beatrice Schuberth        
Danke
          à¸‚ับแท็กซี่ก็สมัครขับเพื่อรับลูกค้าอูเบอร์ได้แล้ววันนี้ ! (เฉพาะกรุงเทพเท่านั้น)        
อีกทางเลือกสำหรับคนเมืองเมื่อแท็กซี่สามารถเข้ามาร่วมกับกับ Uber ได้แล้ว อูเบอร์เรียกโครงการนี้ว่า UberFlash โดยคนนั่งจะเสียเงินด้วยอัตราเดียวกับการใช้บริการ UberX ซึ่งก็ไม่ได้แพงกว่าการใช้บริการแท็กซี่ปกติ แต่ที่ดีกว่าก็คือ แท็กซี่เหล่านี้จะผ่านการตรวจสอบมาเป็นอย่างดี
          à¸—ำไมแท็กซี่ถึงไม่อยากจะให้อูเบอร์เข้ามาให้บริการได้ในไทย        
ไม่แปลกหรอกว่าทำไมคนขับแท็กซี่ถึงไม่อยากจะให้มีคนรับส่งคนได้เหมือนกับเขาได้มากขึ้น เพราะ มันทำให้ฝั่ง supply มากชึ้นโดยไม่จำเป็น เพราะ แต่ไหนแต่ไร คนที่เป็นคนปกติตามบ้าน มีรถอยู่แล้ว เค้าเหล่านั้นจะไม่สามารถเข้ามาขับรถเพือรับส่งคนได้แต่อย่างใด แต่ว่าทีนี้ เหมือนว่าทางแอพอูเบอร์ฺจะไม่ได้สนใจเรื่องกฏหมายหรือข้อกำหนดเดิมๆของบ้านเมืองก่อนหน้าแล้ว เพื่อทดสอบ หรือลองดูว่ามีความต้องการของตลาดหรือไม่อย่างไร และ ผลเป็นแค่ชัดว่า ทุกคนอยากจะได้บริการประเภทอื่นๆที่ไม่ใช่เป็นแค่ taxi ทั่วๆไปเพื่อรับส่งคนอีกต่อไป เรียกได้ว่า  UberX นั้นตอบโจทย์กับความต้องการเหล่านี้ของคนเมืองทุกคนได้เป็นอย่างดี คนที่ขับ  Uber ไม่ใช่ความทุกคนจะเป็นคนขับที่ดี แต่คนที่เหลืออยู่ต่างหากจะเหลือแค่คนขับที่ดีเท่านั้น ประเด็นคือ คนที่ขับอูเบอร์นั้นจะได้รับการกรองแล้วกรองอีกจากคนนั่ง เพราะ คนนั่งจะให้ดาวหรือ rate review คนขับได้...
          Sauber pays overdue staff salaries        
Sauber has paid the remainder of the February salaries of its Formula 1 staff and is in no doubt it will compete in the season-opening Australian Grand Prix
          Sauber late with staff salary payments        
Sauber has not paid the February salaries of its Formula 1 staff in full because of cashflow problems
          Sprint Prepaid Teams Up With Best Buy To Offer Free Month Of Service        
Sprint Prepaid Teams Up With Best Buy To Offer Free Month Of Service

Looks like Sprint is on a roll as we enter into the holiday season. The carrier offers another year-end special offer through its Sprint Prepaid brand, which is collaborating with retail giant Best Buy in giving customers one month of service that is completely free of charge. 

This special offer is a limited time offer only, and is open to all subscribers buying a new eligible handset from Best Buy and activating it under a Sprint Prepaid plan. Phones that eligible include the Samsung Galaxy S5, the Samsung Galaxy SIII, the LG Tribute, the LG Volt, and the Sharp Crystal.

Customers get to choose from three Sprint Prepaid plans that already include unlimited calls and unlimited text messaging. These plans are: the $35 monthly plan that includes 1 gigabyte of data, the $45 monthly plan that includes 3 gigabyte of data, and the $55 monthly plan 

Apart from unlimited calls and texting, Sprint Prepaid's plans also offer 50 minutes of off-network voice roaming per month. This is not usually offered by other prepaid service providers, which should delight those who decide to go for a prepaid plan from Sprint.

Sprint's free first month special offer is certainly a treat, but other prepaid brands also offer competitive deals. For instance, Cricket Wireless (AT&T's prepaid brand) has its Basic Plan, which offers unlimited calls, unlimited text messaging, and 1 gigabyte of high-speed data for $35 each month, that is once an AutoPay credit is applied.

New prepaid player Red Pocket also has an interesting offer. Via its GSMT Unlimited Everything plan, you get unlimited calls, unlimited text messaging, 200 minutes of international calls, and 2 gigabytes of data at full speed for $39.99 every recharge. This offer is also eligible for a full month of service free of charge from Red Pocket, provided the customer gets two months worth of recharges.

The year is not over yet, and we may still see other holiday deals from prepaid brands in the coming days or weeks. But Sprint Prepaid's offer is truly worth checking out. Customers can avail of it until January 31st of next year at all Best Buy retail stores in the United States.

Sprint has been rather busy in the past few weeks. The carrier has made its iPhone for Life and Easy Pay options available from Apple retails stores for the holidays. Apart from that, it has also teamed up with Uber in offering a free first ride promo for Sprint customers who sign up for the transport service. Interested to know more about Sprint's deals? You can compare plans and phones from the carrier here.

Page Type: 
Post Type: 
Operating System: 

          2016-12-06 18:00:00 - 2016-12-06 22:00:00 / Christmas City Talk - Weihnachtszauber Gendarmenmarkt        
Die AG City lädt zum jährlichen Christmas City Talk wie folgt ein:Wann:  Dienstag, 06. Dezember 2016, ab 18 Uhr 18:30 Uhr BegrüßungWo:     „WeihnachtsZauber Gendarmenmarkt“ im großen Kunsthandwerkerzelt           EinlassMeeting-Point: Kasse 1, Charlottenstraße, 10117 Berlin           Einladung bitte bereithalten Im Kreise der Mitglieder ...

          2015-12-09 18:00:00 / Christmas City Talk „WeihnachtsZauber Gendarmenmarkt“        
Liebe Mitglieder,   wir laden Sie und Ihre Begleitung sehr herzlich zum jährlichen Christmas City Talk ein:   Wann:            Mittwoch, 09. Dezember 2015, ab 18 Uhr 18.30 Uhr BegrüßungWo:               „WeihnachtsZauber Gendarmenmarkt“ im großen Kunsthandwerkerzelt                      Einlass Meeting-Point: Kasse 1, ...

          ECO-IMPERIALISMO, HIDROELÉCTRICAS, MENTIRAS Y VERDADES        
Esta mañana me encontré este artículo en el muro de un amigo http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_analysis/2705631/el_quimbo_colombia_enelendesas_low_carbon_hydroelectric_racket.html. El artículo por un imperialismo ecológico critica el imperialismo económico, pero su crítica, aunque razonable en algunos puntos, no deja de tener el trasfondo errado de muchos ecologistas: ¡imponer condiciones a los países subdesarrollados para que los ecologistas de los desarrollados sigan contaminando en paz! Pero lo irónico es que The ecologist critica una de las fuentes de generación de energía renovable más bonitas, eficientes y que puede darle a la gente que vive en ese territorio que llaman Colombia fuentes de riqueza. Además, la crítica se hace de manera ligera pasando por alto las consideraciones del International Panel on Climate Change acerca de sus ventajas.  En el punto que acierta es precisamente en los abusos del estado sobre las comunidades, donde vale la pena resaltar que el aprovechamiento del potencial hidroeléctrico no da derecho a expropiar, en favor del que sea. 

Este escrito consta de varias partes. El primero es que hay una confusión entre inversión extranjera y concesión de monopolios extranjeros, donde los ecologistas aciertan. Y para la aclaración cito a un a un profesor de la Universidad de New York, a Murray Rothbard. Luego, muestro que tras el ecologismo hay también imperialismo, pero uno que suele gustarle a ciertas izquierdas, uno que impone condiciones insoportables a los países pobres, para que los ecologistas nórdicos no tengan cargos de conciencia por prender la calefacción, dado que en las zonas tropicales hay selvas que se beneficiarán de su cariño al planeta. En ella explico que hay una falacia en cuanto a la consideración que hace el artículo de las hidroeléctricas, incluso basándome en el IPCC. Posteriormente, se muestra que las hidroeléctricas además de ser tecnologías que producen energía eficiente sin emisiones de CO2 (no se discute acá el tema de si el cambio climático es originado o no por el hombre) es una oportunidad de ofrecer energía barata. El precio de la energía se relaciona con el crecimiento económico, inclusive una disminución de la demanda de energía puede ser un indicio previo a una crisis económica. La energía eléctrica es clave en la industria y una energía más barata puede disminuir costos. Finalmente, ante un planteamiento del artículo que menciona las pérdidas de energía en transmisión y distribución (o sea los cables que llevan la energía de la planta a su casa) que denuncian a que se deben ¿a las leyes de la física? ¿a viabilidad técnica pero no económica? ¿a ineficiencia? Esto porque consideraban que era más importante disminuir las pérdidas que construir hidroeléctricas. Hasta cierto punto, por física, las pérdidas en transmisión son inevitables, no sé cuál sea el punto. Pero eso no es una excusa para no mejorar la oferta. 

IMPERIALISMO ECONÓMICO Y MONOPOLIO ESTATAL
El imperialismo ecológico es una realidad. Sin embargo, muchos partidos de izquierda al ser ecologistas están convencidos de que no es imperialismo. Ya Hayek denunciaba que existía una imposición de países ricos y contaminados que obligaban a países pobres y selváticos a generar amplias áreas protegidas. Esto genera como dice don Alpiniano en El Tomismo Desdeñado unos beneficios a unas personas que no les corresponden, imponiendo cargas a otros que no las merecen. Sin embargo, luego de que en estos países -como Colombia- nadie puede hacer nada, ni tiene cómo adquirir recursos para explotar sus ventajas ahí sí llegan empresas extranjeras que, haciendo convenios con el gobierno, adquieren los beneficios que los nacionales no han tenido. 

Hace Murray Rothbard, citado por el instituto Mises Hispano una distinción importante entre la sana inversión extranjera y la alianza de empresas ricas con gobiernos ineptos pobres:

"Los conservadores norteamericanos insisten en particular en resaltar ante los países retrasados las grandes posibilidades y la importancia de las inversiones privadas procedentes de los países avanzados, y les incitan a crear un clima favorable a las mismas, de modo que no se vean sujetas al instigamiento de los gobernantes. Todo ello es muy cierto, pero, una vez más, a menudo es irreal, dada la situación de estos países. Estos conservadores caen persistentemente en el error de no saber distinguir entre las inversiones exteriores legítimas del mercado libre y las basadas en concesiones monopolistas y en donaciones de vastas extensiones de tierras otorgadas por los Estados subdesarrollados. En la medida en que las inversiones exteriores se basan en monopolios y en agresiones contra el campesinado, en esa misma medida adquiere el capitalismo extranjero las características de los señores feudales y debe ser combatido con los mismos medios"

En este sentido, estoy de acuerdo con el artículo -y en contra del imperialismo económico- en que el estado confunde inversión extranjera con monopolio extranjero. Y el monopolio es desagradable venga de donde venga, sea el monopolio estatal tan "nacional", como cualquier otro. Por eso, cuando Robledo, senador del Polo, defendía a los arroceros por la imposición ridícula de tener que comprar nuevas semillas estaba promoviendo algo anarcocapitalista y liberal, aunque con argumentos de izquierda. 

Lo mismo pasa en este caso, si se trata de una inversión privada ¿por qué el estado entra y desaloja campesinos? ¿Por qué expropia? Y por más que la ley diga que la expropiación requiere una indemnización al precio del avalúo comercial, ¿es el avalúo comercial el precio de venta? Hombre, no estoy en momento de calcular las rentas campesinas vs las rentas hidroeléctricas, pero sospecho que las rentas hidroeléctricas son más altas. Ahora, si el campesino no quiere vender al precio que dice el avaluador ¿por qué le quita el estado su tierra bajo la excusa del "bien común" para las rentas particulares? No creo que si la transacción se diera en condiciones de libre mercado los campesinos salieran a protestar. Hay alrededor de un millón de kilómetros de líneas de transmisión eléctrica, y si uno viaja por carretera suele ver vacas o sembrados alrededor. ¿Por qué esos campesinos no protestan? Porque 1. esos terrenos no son expropiados sino que cuentan con servidumbres de paso, 2. Se suelen hacer arreglos de mercado. Hombre, hay casos de casos, pero en general no se ve un descontento generalizado. 

Pero, no, la herramienta de la expropiación es el arma para el bien común, como en Venezuela que hay mucho "bien común", siendo tan paradisiado que prefieren venirse para Colombia. La expropiación existe pero tiene sus límites. En todo caso, sin estado Â¿quién expropiaría para que se hicieran las vías? 

IMPERIALISMO ECOLÓGICO

Sin embargo, las razones ecológicas que plantean para oponerse a las hidroeléctricas son más bien pobres. En primer lugar, las consideran también causa del calentamiento global. ¿Cómo? No quiero citar el artículo porque me da pereza pero la idea se resume en 1. cortan bosques tropicales que recogen el CO2, 2. son fuentes de Metano. Hombre ¿cómo un artículo que cita el Panel Intergubernamental sobre el Cambio Climático para defender a los campesinos y el agro sale a decir que son más contaminantes? En primer lugar, si uno revisa lo que dice el IPCC en materia de energía hidoeléctrica (sacaron un documento sobre energías alternativas) su resumen -de la IPCC- arranca así: "Hydropower offers significant potential for carbon emissions reductions" http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/special-reports/srren/Chapter%205%20Hydropower.pdf. Creo que en ese punto "The ecologist" se equivoca. 

Por otro lado argumenta que las represas (reservoirs) son fuentes de Metano. La verdad, lo que dicen los científicos climáticos es que si bien el metano CH4 es un gas efecto invernadero, su absorción es más rápida que el CO2, una diferencia que va desde unas décadas en el metano, hasta miles de años para el dióxido de carbono. Además, de acuerdo con la siguiente imagen que proviene del último reporte del IPCC parte del CO2 proviene del uso de la tierra http://www.slideshare.net/fullscreen/IPCCGeneva/fifth-assessment-report-synthesis-report/11:
Francamente, si queremos disminuir TODAS las emisiones humanas de CO2 hay que empezar por dejar de respirar. ¿Y todas las artificiales? Dudo que la energía que utiliza "The ecologist" sea propiamente energía que no emita CO2 -bueno, puede ser nuclear que no les gusta tampoco- pero no es de las "terribles" hidroeléctricas. 

¿Qué otra razón puede tener "The ecologist"? ¿Proteger los bosques de los países subdesarrollados? ¿Para qué? ¿Para que haya bosques que puedan chuparse el CO2 que producen sus plantas a carbón, gas, petróleo, etc. a costa de energía más costosa, menor productividad, entre otras, en nuestros países? ¿Para que ellos puedan seguir subsidiando sus industrias a cambio de que las nuestras no puedan competir en sus mercados por el costo de la energía?

DEFENDIENDO LAS HIDROELÉCTRICAS

LAGO CALIMA
Lago Calima.
Uno de los embalses en Colombia.
En un apartado anterior cuestioné el manejo del monopolio estatal con la empresa. El estado es una asociación de políticos corruptos con empresarios ineficientes. Pero tanto la oportunidad a nivel de recursos hídricos que hay en Colombia, la eficiencia energética de las hidroeléctricas, su costo en comparación con las térmicas a base de carbón, gas, gasolina, su posibilidad de cambiar potencia (a diferencia de otras renovables de potencia inestable) y almacenar la energía, entre muchas otras, me hacen tenerle cariño a esta tecnología. Creo que en el punto anterior quedó desvirtuado que las hidroeléctricas tengan impactos a nivel global vía CO2 (lo que hacen es quitar el calmadero de conciencia de los ecologistas ricos que les permite seguir emitiendo CO2 bajo la tranquilidad que los bosques tropicales los recogerán). El metano no me preocupa realmente y creo que es una afirmación que no estaba fundamentada, al fin y al cabo, los embalses no son aguas estancadas. 

El potencial hidroeléctrico de ese territorio que llaman Colombia es una maravilla. Eso sin contar con el potencial energético de otras tecnologías renovables como las fotovoltaicas por su ubicación terrestre, las mareomotrices, entre otras. Que cualquiera venga y lo explote es necesario, aunque en condiciones de mercado, no monopólicas ni imperialistas. Adicionalmente, la energía hidroeléctrica es más barata. En el siguiente gráfico hay un promedio de los precios mensuales en comparación al porcentaje de generación térmica en Colombia:

Por puro azar puede observarse con claridad la correlación entre el porcentaje de generación térmica en Colombia y el precio constante (deflactado con IPC) de la energía. Como la gráfica de generación térmica de alguna manera encaja con la hidráulica (la cogeneración y la eólica representan porcentajes insignificantes) podría afirmarse que a mayor generación hidráulica en general menos precio. ¿Por qué se presentan esos baches en la generación? La razón es muy simple, el agua es renovable pero no predecible. Si uno mira las correlaciones de series de ingresos los caudales en dos o tres días tienen altas correlaciones, pero alrededor de dos meses -algo que corroboré con un ex empleado de ISA e ISAGEN- las correlaciones son nulas. 

Hay incertidumbre en el ingreso del agua. Adicionalmente, en unas ocasiones por década se presenta el fenómeno del niño. El fenómeno del niño genera lluvias en Perú -un país desértico- y trae sequía a un país lluvioso como Colombia. Como el agua escasea hay que producir la energía con un sustituto: las termoeléctricas. El costo de la energía se dispara. En este momento parece que están las condiciones para que se dé el fenómeno del Niño si es que no estamos ya en él. De ese fenómeno se ha venido especulando desde que empecé a investigar este tema en Junio del año pasado (o sea el 2014). Esa especulación posiblemente también influye en los precios, el aumento de la producción térmica y la disminución de la hidroeléctrica porque ante el riesgo de escasez se empieza a guardar el agua. El profesor John Jairo García y otros de EAFIT en un paper al respecto proponía medir las expectativas de aportes al sistema en relación con el precio: 

"Una variable importante sobre la determinación del precio en el mercado no regulado que debiera incluirse en estudios futuros son las expectativas climatológicas; en la medida en que se espere una disminución del recurso hídrico, generará expectativas de aumentos en el precio.". http://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cienciasestrategicas/article/view/1093/1313

La intuición tras el análisis es muy buena, pero dudo que pueda encontrarse una variable de expectativas climatológicas. Aunque si algo me soprendió de John Jairo era esa capacidad de creatividad econométrica. El caso es que la ventaja de tener un sistema donde el "combustible"que es el agua es variable, permite inferir que, al menos en las condiciones geográficas de los Andes Colombianas, es más barato que el uso de otros combustibles.

Es así como la construcción de hidroeléctricas -aunque respetando los derechos de propiedad privada- es una necesidad para mantener bajos los precios de la energía. Hay muchos trabajos que buscan predecir el precio de la energía y lo hacen en función de variables hídricas. Pero nada mejor que leer los errores de las predicciones pasadas de los economistas. En este artículo participó mi amigo y profesor de econometría Mauricio Lopera y dice lo siguiente:

" La coherencia del resultado se corrobora en el mes de enero de 2014, donde se aprecia una caída grande en el precio producto de la entrada en operación de El Quimbo y Sogamoso, las cuales en conjunto aumentan la oferta de electricidad en 1220 MW" http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/1552/155226077004.pdf
Mauricio nos insistía mucho que verificáramos que el resultado econométrico coincidiera con la "intuición" económica.  El problema es que las predicciones se equivocan y fuertemente. En el artículo citado, se muestra que los precios caerían en enero de 2014, la razón sería lógica la entrada de hidrosogamoso y quimbo (que es la que menciona The ecologist). Los precios en 2014 en bolsa fueron altísimos, y apenas hoy 16/01/2015 leí que estaban inaugurando la planta de hidrosogamoso. Lo que es cierto es que esas plantas deberían influir en la disminución del precio por el aumento de la oferta, además, de un insumo mucho más barato como "combustible" que el carbón. En eso acertó el trabajo de Mauricio y otros. Pero el cómo o cuánto bajarán los precios no podemos calcularlo con exactitud. 

DEFICIENCIAS DEL SISTEMA
Los cables suelen dañar las fotos de paisajes.
Pero ¿no puede haber buenas fotos de cables de alta tensión?

El sistema de energía que nace con las leyes 142 y en concreto 143 de 1994 tiene muchas deficiencias. Aunque la L143/94 trataba de dar paso a un modelo más parecido al de un mercado, esa distinción del mercado regulado del consumidor de energía hace que nos saquen un ojo de la cara porque sus precios están muy por encima de los de bolsa; aunque relativamente influidos por ellos como lo mostraba el profesor John Jairo García. El modelo aunque avanza hacia tratar de liberar lo que considera de mercado y regular lo que considera "monopolio natural" se queda corto. Pero realmente si hay algo aburrido es la regulación del sistema de energía, como todas las regulaciones. Hablemos más bien de leyes bonitas, las del "fatum" o de la naturaleza... las humanas dan asco. 

Quiero enfocarme más en los problemas que mencionaba "The ecologist" y es las "pérdidas" de energía del sistema de transmisión y distribución. Una de las leyes de la física es la ley de la entropía. Básicamente consiste en que aunque la energía no se destruye, solamente se transforma, se degrada a formas de energía más "desordenadas". Básicamente la energía se transforma en "calor", o que es lo mismo que movimiento y vibración molecular. Utilizaremos el término "pérdida" de energía en un sentido amplio, o económico, pero entendiendo que solamente es una transformación no utilizable.  Esta es la razón por la cual no existe una máquina perfecta, sin desgaste y de movimiento absoluto. Por esta razón los relojes de péndulo necesitaban que les dieran "cuerda". 

De esta manera, por cada 1 KWh (3.600.000 Joules) que produce uno recibe una cantidad menor de energía porque esta se ha "pérdido" transformándose en calor. Esto se debe a que los transformadores -que no entiendo cómo funcionan pero cambian el voltaje- generan pérdidas, la transmisión de energía puede generar calor, en la costa el desgaste de los cables genera pérdidas. Todo esto, como me decía un ex trabajador del sector eso es parte del costo de la energía. Dice textualmente "The ecologist" que se pierde alrededor del 16% de la energía generada:

"Yet the Government is neglecting simple options to raise power supply - like reducing the high level of losses in transmission and distribution, which run at about 16% of power generation and amount to some 10,000 GWh per year - more than four times the energy production of El Quimbo."
Pero es que por las leyes de la física: ¡tiene que "perderse" parte de la energía generada! De la energía potencial del agua embalsada el 80%-90% se transmite por medio de la electricidad y el 10%-20% se "pierde" o sea se transforma en "calor". ¡Y es de las más bajas! Las térmicas pierden el 59% de la energía contenida en el combustible, las nucleares el 70%  (CARTA GONZÁLEZ, CALERO PÉREZ, COLMENAR SANTOS, CASTRO GIL, & COLLADO FERNÁNDEZ, 2013, pp. 113-114). Puede que pueda perderse menos bajo un mantenimiento mucho más costoso, o puede que efectivamente pueda perderse menos. El caso es que siempre se va a "perder" algo de la energía. 

Puede que The Ecologist tenga razón en que se aumente la eficiencia energética. Algo que puede ser inviable o física o económicamente. Pero eso no es razón para impedir que se produzcan plantas de producción de energía eléctrica, es bueno aumentar la oferta por todos los medios. 

Lo que no puede el gobierno es ordenar que se cree energía, ni que no se degrade una parte en otras formas. Gracias a Dios las leyes de la física son inderogables, imprescriptibles, inembargables, anteriores al ser humano mismo. ¿Puede imaginarse una ley que cree energía? El Congreso de Colombia Decreta "Créase energía a partir de la nada...". Gracias a Dios eso no es posible, no soy capaz de imaginarme la inflación energética lo que produciría, al menos la moneda de la naturaleza es absolutamente neutral. O una ley que diga "Derógase la gravedad", el totazo que se pegarían de cuenta de creer en su validez sería de lo lindo...

IN CONCLUSIÓN
En primer lugar pido perdón al lector por tratar la energía de una forma tan política. Es decir, es demasiado pobre, aunque no más pobre que el Ministro de Minas que confundió potencia con energía, pero ¿quién es uno para cuestionar a los "doctores" Ministros? ¡De pronto ignoro una ley que asimila energía con potencia! En segundo lugar, no es esta, ni más faltaba una defensa al régimen de energía eléctrica Colombiana, tan no lo es, que arranco dándole la razón a los ecologistas en que muchas de esas empresas grandes y concesionadas arrasan con las comunidades. El problema de esas empresas grandes, no es la falta de estado, por el contrario, su exceso, lo que falta es libertad. 

Lo que sí creo es que en sanas condiciones de mercado y con precios justos a los dueños de las tierras, la construcción de hidroeléctricas es una de las ventajas que tiene este territorio geográficamente llamado Colombia. Es vital empezar a utilizar en este territorio las ventajas que ofrece el desarrollo de miles de tecnologías de energía renovable, como la solar, la mareomotriz, la eólica y la más fuerte la hidroeléctrica. En esta región se podría utilizar un potencial enorme para producir energía barata, renovable y libre de elementos contaminantes. Esta energía se podría exportar. ¿Por qué no hay líneas de transmisión a Panamá y Centro América? ¿Por qué no hay líneas de transmisión al Perú? ¿Imposibilidad logística? ¿No serán más bien los elevados costos regulatorios -que agudizan las barreras de entrada- sumado al monopolio estatal? ¿O el monopolio de la transmisión es "natural"? 

 BIBLIOGRAFÍA
Casi todas las citas salen de internet así que si no refiero la fuente, está el link. Las formalidades APA o lo que sea me parecen demasiado engorrosas para escribir informalmente. Con el internet debería bastar con el link. El único libro que cito, con todas las normas mamonas para probar su existencia, es:

CARTA GONZÁLEZ, J. A., CALERO PÉREZ, R., COLMENAR SANTOS, A., CASTRO GIL, A., & COLLADO FERNÁNDEZ, E. (2013). Centrales de energías renovables. Generación eléctrica con energías renovables. (P. E. S.A. Ed. SEGUNDA ed.). Madrid, España.




          EDUCACIÓN, DIPLOMAS E INTERVENCIÓN ESTATAL        
(Imagen tomada de GRUBER, 2010, pág. 308)
Esta semana hablábamos mi hermano y yo acerca de una propuesta educativa, estudiar pero no por un diploma. Yo le añadiría ni por una nota. El tema de la educación me llama particularmente la atención por varias razones, en primer lugar, soy el que maneja los costos de transacción (impuestos, contratos, contabilidad, planeación financiera y tesorería) de una fundación cuyo mayor objetivo es resolver problemas sociales a través de la educación. Pero, ¿qué es la educación? ¿Cómo se vive la educación? 

La educación actualmente es vista como un programa que tienen que recibir todas las personas, desarrollar unos exámenes, a cambio de obtener un diploma. Claro que el diploma es un papel y como el rey de la foto lo puede dar cualquiera... y generar naciones "educadas". Se supone que el estado "controla" la educación de "garaje", pero en sí mismo él es el promotor de que los estudiantes se preocupen por una nota (y hagan lo que sea por ella) o un diploma más que por sacar provecho y aprender. Antes las instituciones de "garaje" "facilitan el objetivo" de la "educación", OBTENER FÁCILMENTE UN DIPLOMA. Por otro lado, el estado considera la educación como un "bien público" que genera "externalidades" positivas... y niños medicados, deprimidos y sintiéndose inútiles porque los hacen ver matemática avanzada cuando ellos quieren es bailar, correr, o lo contrario, otros queremos ver matemáticas y nos hacen correr en extenuantes jornadas más allá de nuestras fuerzas. ¡Vaya externalidad "positiva"!

¿Por qué el estado se debe preocupar por la "educación"? ¿Por qué gasta la mayor parte de su presupuesto en ella? Las razones de política económica que se leen en el libro Public Finance and Public Policy de Jhonatan Gruber son las que consideraremos a continuación.

¿POR QUÉ EL ESTADO SE METE EN LA EDUCACIÓN?

En primer lugar, consideran que la educación es un bien semi público (GRUBER, 2010, págs. 292, 293 y 294) y que con base en eso va a haber fallas de mercado y problemas de redistribución. ¿Realmente es así? Más adelante procederemos a esta objeción.

Por otro lado, consideran que la educación aumenta la productividad (GRUBER, 2010, pág. 292) eso de alguna manera es cierto. Pero hay que preguntarse ¿para quién? El experto en educación Sir Ken Robinson sostiene que esa es la razón por la cual reforman la educación (ROBINSON), pero precisamente ese modelo genera caos en la vida de muchas personas. ¿Todos somos para el conocimiento académico?  Dicen que mejorar la productividad genera una externalidad positiva, pero y ¿Qué pasa con aquellos que simplemente fueron excluidos porque no eran considerados por el modelo? ¿Eso no es una perversa externalidad negativa tener niños tristes y drogados para atender a cosas que no les interesan?

La tercera razón es la más perversa de todas. La educación genera “buenos ciudadanos” (GRUBER, 2010, pág. 293). Claro que con contenidos ideológicos y cátedras de lo que el estado que muchos nos quejamos es corrupto. Pero claro, se lanza un señor con una campaña de lápiz –como si el lápiz genera aprendizaje en sí mismo- y todo el mundo va a pensar ¡qué buen candidato! ¡Va a ideologizar a nuestros niños! 

¿CÓMO SE METE EL ESTADO EN LA EDUCACIÓN?

La forma cómo se mete el estado en la educación es en primer lugar ofreciéndola como servicio gratuito. Esto no parece tan perverso. Lo que genera es el problema de la sobredemanda del bien gratuito y por ende salones atiborrados "aptos para el aprendizaje".

 Sin embargo, la mentalidad intervencionista, hace que el estado ofrezca otra intervención y es la estandarización. Esta estandarización es la forma más perversa de intervención del estado en la educación, porque pone un prototipo de seres humanos que deben cumplir con ciertas habilidades que no necesariamente son las que el mercado laboral requiere. Refiriéndose a la perversa alienación de toda política intervencionista nos dice José Alpiniano García Muñoz lo siguiente no tanto de lo alienante sino de por qué falla este modelo:

"Al igual que el plan general de los bolcheviques, estos agregados estadístidos [que son el fundamento de la macroeconomía] no reconocen la singularidad humana que torna útiles las cosas.Entonces el mecanismo social deviene ajeno a la realidad. Sería necesario acudir a tantas cosas que resulta imposible que alguien particularmente pueda señalarlo.  La economía debe considerar multiplicidad de factores que además son variables." (GARCÍA-MUÑOZ, 2012, pág. 53)
¿Qué multiplicidad de factores debe considerar? Nada más y nada menos que la PARTICULARIDAD HUMANA. Particularidad humana que es única y exclusivamente cognosible por cada individuo. Así que el estado lo que hace con la educación es crear prototipos de personas y excluir a aquellos que no han sido considerados por el programa que es incapaz de considerarlos. Adicionalmente genera toda clase de efectos secundarios en la sociedad ¿Cuál es el más grave? No tanto que los profesores hagan trampa o sometan a los estudiantes a jornadas extenuantes para sacar un mejor puntaje en las pruebas "SABER". Es aquellos que la "educación" estandarizada excluye porque sus puntajes los hacen quedar como "inútiles". Si usted es un colegial o un universitario y está leyendo esto piense que lo que se requiere para las pruebas SABER es pensar lo que el estado quiere que usted le conteste. Por ejemplo, puede no creer en la democracia pero conteste que la democracia es el mejor sistema, ¡pero es una mentira!... Pues es una forma de burlarse de lo arbitrario que son las evaluaciones y simple una broma y ellos creerán que el sistema funciona... Conozco dos casos frente a estas pruebas que pensamos así, el mío y el de un cucuteño, se sorprendían de lo bien que nos fue en esas pruebas...

OBJECIONES ECONÓMICO-ANTROPOLÓGICAS A LAS RAZONES DE INTERVENCIÓN ESTATAL

Es falso que la educación sea un bien público, por el contrario se refiere a la parte más singular de la persona.
En primer lugar si el ser humano es particular y solamente él puede conocerse a sí mismo, la educación no bien público ni semi-público sino una actividad absolutamente privada. Lo que pertenece a la conciencia y la intimidad del sujeto no es cognoscible más que por el propio sujeto. ¿Qué vendría siendo la educación entonces? Una ayuda para que cada quien se conozca a sí mismo y un apoyo para que como la sentencia de Píndaro que alguna vez le leí a Alpiniano cada quien devenga lo que es en sus habilidades. Esto podría sonar como un ideal, como un imposible, pero por el contrario es NUESTRA PROPIA CONDICIÓN ANTROPOLÓGICA la que determina la privacidad de la educación. Los colegios hacen lo contrario obligan a los niños a aprender unos contenidos iguales, ahora dizque desarrollar unas competencias y la arbitrariedad del estado lo medirá.

Esto genera entonces varias preguntas ¿Cómo ayudar a que cada quien se conozca a sí mismo? ¿De quién es función? De los padres, por eso el movimiento del Homeschooling  no solamente es una salida para el excesivo bullying causado en parte por la estandarización, sino que es un movimiento que vuelve a la raíz verdadera de la educación: ¡ayudar a sus hijos al autoconocimiento!  A continuación unas razones que expuse en otro escrito para otro blog de cómo hacer esto:

"Por lo tanto, mi querido Alcibiades, los Estados (léase ciudades) para ser dichosos no tienen necesidad de murallas, ni de buques, ni de arsenales, ni de tropas, ni de grande aparato; la única cosa de que tienen necesidad para su felicidad es la virtud. Por consiguiente, mi querido Alcibiades, si quieres ser dichoso tú y que lo sea la república, no es preciso un grande imperio, sino la virtud." (2)

Pero ¿Cómo alcanzar la virtud? La tradición iniciada con Sócrates parte de iniciar la búsqueda del conocimiento del “sí mismo”. Al respecto algunos filósofos como Kierkegaard (3) le han dado un desarrollo tal que, quizás interpretándolo exageradamente, consisten en no imitar absolutamente nada, o el famoso “desnudarse” de Fernando González (4). Sócrates, en su reconocida tendencia aristocrática –pero de la verdadera- nos propone la imitación de la virtud “Y antes de adquirir esta virtud, lejos de mandar, es mejor obedecer, no digo a un niño, sino a un hombre, siempre que sea más virtuoso que él.” (2).

Hemos visto que el bien común nace del bien y la virtud de los seres humanos y que la virtud surge del auto-conocimiento. Pero ¿cómo promover que los hombres se conozcan? ¿Obedeciendo e imitando a la virtud? Es allí donde la educación juega un papel importante en esta idea. A pesar del pésimo modelo educativo actual que se basa en la repetición de ideas pre-establecidas o diseñadas o pensadas para la producción en cadena (5), como para empacar a todos en la misma caja útil a la sociedad [como la canción Little Boxes]. Pero ¿cumple la función de enseñar a conocernos a nosotros mismos? ¿Sirve para conocer? Al vivir de hábitos los seres humanos podremos repetir fácilmente las ideas aprendidas en el colegio y en muchos casos en la universidad pero ¿de qué servirán? Inclusive el aprendizaje por repetición puede considerarse, en términos lógicos, como una falacia conocida como Argumentum ad nauseam (6) y eso no genera virtud (2)." (TORO RESTREPO, 2011)

Una de las preguntas que pueden surgir es el uso del término obedecer. Los padres suelen haber desarrollado una serie de virtudes que el hijo puede imitar. Esa sería mi forma de entender el término de obedecer como como el subordinarse sino el aprendizaje de la virtud del virtuoso. 

La educación puede aumentar ingresos pero hacernos vivir en el hastío. Además, profesiones mejor pagadas no implican eficiencia.
La segunda razón es que la educación aumenta la productividad y genera efectos Spill over sobre toda la sociedad. Yo aprendo de los demás y los demás aprenden de mí. Eso es cierto. Pero las super correlaciones que indican que una "mejor educación" implica un mejor "ingreso" no significan que eso sea un mayor bienestar para la sociedad. Me explico, uno en la universidad ve muchos temas, pero a medida que se especializa separa los que le gustan de los que le disgustan. Y uno puede dedicarse a trabajos de mayores ingresos que no es lo que verdaderamente la persona vino a dar al mundo. A este lo llamaremos el efecto prostitución. En últimas el efecto prostitución no es más que la alienación de ganar ingresos por aquello que no nos gusta. Kafka es uno de los autores que mejor conoce la alienación de trabajar lo que no somos, en "El Proceso" muestra cómo la sociedad lo está persiguiendo permanentemente. Más que una novela sobre el debido proceso es una novela sobre el juicio que el estado y su expresión social masificada el sistema nos está exigiendo; que seamos lo que no somos. Por otra parte, en la metamorfosis se muestra cómo el "buen empleo" tal vez sea convertirnos en una cucaracha o bicho raros. No somos lo que somos porque la educación y las políticas nos desvían de nuestra realidad, de lo que somos realmente. 

Al respecto en versión hispanoamericana tenemos a Facundo Cabral con su canción "Bombero". La canción muestra exactamente las exigencias que hace la sociedad en el proceso de Kafka, un juicio que no comprende. Al final se vuelve abogado -y qué profesión más alienante eligió-. Posiblemente si comparamos a un bombero con un abogado, aquel gana más que éste: ¡retornos de la educación! ¿Eficientes? Su felicidad particular y el destino de muchos se pierden, a la sombra de la alienación. Es el razonamiento hipotético de lo que no fue, pero hay algo claro con más ingresos, no fue lo que era, asumiendo que siendo bombero no hubiera podido idear un proceso que salvara muchas vidas y lo hiciera rico.  Hay varias frases que son muy llamativas al respecto:

El reflejo que nos muestra la sociedad en la alienación
es supuestamente belleza, cuando realmente estamos
¡muertos!
  • “Desde su galaxia tendrá que aprender a ser como todos, y tirar la llave del eterno sueño de ser o no ser.”
  • "Al fin de los días sentado a la sombra de su realidad, y desde la infancia, como en un espejo, la casa paterna, juguetes y amigos y aquel despilfarro de la libertad."
  • <<El viejo se apaga y vuelve a su mente el niño soñando con ser o no ser, cerrando los ojos se va lentamente por última vez: “bombero, bombero, yo quiero ser bombero, que nadie se meta con mi identidad”>>.
Aparte de los problemas de alienación, que es una cuestión antropológica, la cuestión también es económica y de eficiencia. Se proveen servicios para los cuales no se es el más apto y se dejan de proveer servicios para los cuáles se es apto. La variedad de factores que influyen una vida humana cuando opta por el camino equivocado no pueden medirse. Pero es claro que la retroalimentación negativa de la ausencia de un bombero que se necesitaba puede tener unos efectos sociales mayores -especulando nada más- que él simple hastío que padece. La alienación de los seres humanos, en especial por la educación, tiene efectos que se dispersan a lo largo de la economía que podemos no conocer.

La educación planificada no genera necesariamente "buenos ciudadanos".
Veíamos previamente que el buen ciudadano es el que es virtuoso en aquello que es. Es decir, desarrolla habilidades para aquello que vino al mundo. Si la educación, el estado y el sistema lo que genera es un juicio permanente -como en "El Proceso" de Kafka- realmente no está generando "buenos ciudadanos" sino que está persiguiendo al buen ciudadano. Observándolo, juzgándolo por su vestimenta, ingresos, forma de pensar, cuerpo, carros, casas... ¡Alienación!

Por otra parte, la noción de "buen ciudadano" es la de aquel ciudadano maleable, fácil de someter y manipular a los designios del estado. En los colegios la figura de poder que se manifiesta en el profesor es un juego similar a la figura de poder que ejerce el estado sobre la vida de los individuos. Es así como esa educación delineada por personas que no conocen a quienes educan, que además no son unidades humanas sino seres singulares con sueños y expectativas -como ser bombero, aunque el estado lo diseñe como ingeniero-, que ni si quiera han pisado un aula, diseñan programas desde unos conocimientos y dizque competencias para el "individuo promedio".  Â¿Quién es un individuo promedio? ¡Nadie!

INCONCLUSIÓN...
La educación me enseñó a concluir todo lo que escribiera ¿por qué? Porque según la educación todo ensayo agota un tema. La verdad la educación se equivoca, lo que busca un ensayo es empujar, hacer pensar y dejar una reflexión abierta. Si yo tuviera la verdad revelada en mis manos pues concluiría, daría órdenes, pero que esos cuentos se los crea el estado... El estado, sin conocer ni siquiera a los niños, sin saber nada sobre cada uno entre otras porque le es imposible, pretende concluir lo mejor para ellos diseñándoles una vida... que realmente, ni quieren, ni vinieron a vivir...


          2014-12-15 19:00:00 / Christmas City Talk auf dem Gendarmenmarkt        
Wir laden Sie und Ihre Begleitung sehr herzlich zu folgendem Christmas City Talk ein! „WeihnachtsZauber Gendarmenmarkt“ im Kunsthandwerkerzelt Einlass Meeting-Point: Kasse 1 Einladung bitte bereithalten Im Kreise der Mitglieder heißen wir Sie wieder gemeinsam im Kunsthandwerkerzelt des "WeihnachtsZaubers Gendarmenmarkt" ab 19 ...

          2013-11-28 19:00:00 / City Talk auf dem Weihnachtsmarkt Gendarmenmarkt        
Wir laden Sie und Ihre Begleitung sehr herzlich zu unserem nächsten City Talk ein: Wann:  Donnerstag, 28. November 2013, ab 19 Uhr, 19:30 Uhr Begrüßung Wo:      WeihnachtsZauber Gendarmenmarkt EinlassMeeting-Point: Kasse 1, Charlottenstraße, 10117 Berlin Einladung bitte bereithalten Ab 19 Uhr heißen wir ...

          2013-02-21 / Pilotprojekt für eine saubere City West        
Tauentzienstraße und Kurfürstendamm sollen sauberer werden. Dafür ergreifen die Eigentümer jetzt die Initiative und starten gemeinsam mit der BSR ein Pilotprojekt. Die City West boomt und der Kudamm ist wieder voll im Trend. Wolkenkratzer entstehen, Büroflächen lassen sich gut vermieten und die ...

          2011-09-04 19:00:00 / Magisches Open-Air-Spektakel         
Am Sonntag, dem 4. September 2011, erhielt der Ku'damm anlässlich seines Jubiläums fantastischen Besuch: Riesige heliumgefüllte Fabeltiere der französischen Künstlergruppe "Plasticiens Volants" schwebten von Halensee bis zum Breitscheidplatz und verzauberten Berlins berühmtesten Boulevard mit einer unvergesslichen Open-Air-Inszenierung. Start: Ku'damm / ...

          TEROBOSAN AHOK PEMEGANG KJP BISA KULIAH GRATIS DI 56 PTN        

TEROBOSAN AHOK: PEMEGANG KJP BISA KULIAH GRATIS DI 56 PERGURUAN TINGGI NEGERI


Kerjasama Pemda DKI dengan PTN, Pemegang KJP bisa kuliah gratis di 56 Perguruan Tinggi Negeri. dari sini

KARTU JAKARTA MAHASISWA UNGGUL (KJMU) UNTUK PEMEGANG KARTU JAKARTA PINTAR (KJP)


Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta kembali mengadakan kerja sama dengan puluhan perguruan tinggi negeri (PTN) untuk menyukseskan program Kartu Jakarta Mahasiswa Unggul (KJMU).

Dalam acara penandatanganan perjanjian kerja sama program bantuan biaya pendidikan tinggi bagi mahasiswa dari keluarga tidak mampu asal Provinsi DKI Jakarta di Balai Kota, Jumat (21/10/2016) lalu, tercatat ada 30 PTN yang menyepakati kerja sama dengan Pemprov DKI.

Sebelumnya, pada sekitar awal September 2016, sudah ada 26 PTN yang menandatangani kesepakatan serupa.  Dengan adanya kerja sama itu, maka tercatat sudah ada 56 PTN yang menandatangani kerja sama dengan Pemprov DKI untuk menyukseskan program KJMU.

KJMU sendiri merupakan program bantuan dana pendidikan untuk membantu pelajar pemegang Kartu Jakarta Pintar (KJP) yang akan melanjutkan kuliah di PTN.

Dana bantuan pendidikan itu disalurkan untuk pelajar DKI Jakarta yang kini menjadi peserta KJP.
Program itu diadakan untuk membantu pelajar DKI dari keluarga miskin agar dapat meneruskan pendidikan ke tingkat perguruan tinggi.

Kepala Dinas Pendidikan DKI Jakarta, Sopan Adrianto, menyatakan Pemprov DKI menyiapkan anggaran Rp 2,7 triliun untuk penyelenggaraan KJMU. Setiap peserta KJMU akan menerima dana bantuan sebesar Rp 18 juta per tahun.

“Ini riil, Rp 18 juta bayangkan satu mahasiswa satu tahun nih. Belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya,” kata Sopan.


KEDEPAN AHOK INGIN PEMPROV DKI JAKARTA BEKERJASAMA DENGAN SELURUH PTN


Sementara itu, Gubernur Basuki Tjahaja Purnama alias Ahok menargetkan ke depan Pemprov DKI bisa bekerja sama dengan seluruh PTN yang ada di Indonesia.

“Jadi orang Jakarta bisa memilih kuliah di mana saja,”

“Jadi saya bilang enggak ada filantropi di dunia yang bisa menyamai pemerintah. Itu yang membuat saya ada suka cita. Bukan happy, bukan bahagia, tapi joy. Jadi konglomerat pun enggak bisa bagiin duit triliunan tiap tahun untuk menolong orang. Jadi gubernur bisa,” kata Ahok.

Ahok menilai anggaran bantuan dana pendidikan yang diberikan dalam program KJMU termasuk yang paling besar ketimbang bantuan dana pendidikan yang pernah ada, termasuk dari perusahaan-perusahaan besar. (Bruniq.com)


Citra Property Land



          Wie du mit guten Gewohnheiten produktiver arbeitest        

Ein erfolgreiches Zeitmanagement basiert zu mindestens 80% auf erfolgreichen Gewohnheiten.

Schätzungen gehen davon aus, dass 95% unserer Handlungen unbewusst, also aus Gewohnheit oder als Routine ablaufen.

Es sind nicht die Zauber-Methoden und Wunder-Apps, die dich produktiver werden lassen. Sondern es sind neue, bessere Gewohnheiten, die du dir aneignest – oder eben nicht. Die Entscheidung liegt bei dir!

In dieser Folge zeige ich nicht nur, wie du deine Gewohnheiten ersetzen kannst, sondern auch, welche sich lohnen einzuüben, wenn du produktiver arbeiten möchtest.

Die Shownotes findest du unter https://ivanblatter.com/gewohnheiten/.


          KEKUATAN MENDENGARKAN        

KEKUATAN MENDENGARKAN


Ilustrasi Kekuatan Mendengar :
Seroang Ibu Mendengarkan Putrinya
.  Sumber: imajinasi anak

ORANG DEWASA SULIT UNTUK MENDENGARKAN


Mendengarkan, sepertinya terdengar mudah.  Namun sejatinya mendengarkan itu tidak mudah, bahkan sulit sekali.  Orang Dewasa cenderung tidak sabar, kurang fokus, dan bermain dengan pikirannya sendiri sebelum tuntas mendengar dan menggali informasi lebih dalam atas apa yang didengarnya.

Ini berlaku untuk hampir kebanyakan orang, tak perduli orang itu berpendidikan formal tinggi sekalipun.  

Mau bukti tentang sulitnya mendengarkan ?
Buktinya adalah fenomena yang terjadi belakangan ini.  Banyak sekali orang dengan mudah men-share berita berita hoax di media sosial.  Kenapa ? ya itu tadi, orang dewasa cenderung kurang sabar untuk mendengar, menyimak, meneliti, melakukan cross-check, merenungkan, dan lebih memilih cepat menyimpulkan atas dasar suka - tidak suka.
 

PENTINGNYA MENDENGARKAN

Akibat dari Tidak Mendengarkan, seringkali informasi berharga luput dari perhatian kita.  Hal yang sesungguhnya, fakta yang sebenarnya, data yang berharga menjadi luput dari kita. Bahkan tak jarang terjadi timbul fitnah dan kesalahpahaman akibat kita gagal paham, karena terlalu cepat menyimpulkan apa yang baru selintas kita dengar.

KISAH INSPIRATIF TENTANG MANFAAT MENDENGARKAN

MANFAAT MENDENGARKAN DALAM  PARENTING

Alkisah Seorang Ibu pergi dengan putrinya yang masih berumur 5 tahun ke sebuah taman tak jauh dari rumahnya.  Sambil bermain dengan putri kecilnya, ia hendak mengajarkan putrinya tentang "Berbagi Sesuatu dengan orang lain". Maka ibu tadi bertanya kepada putrinya yang berusia 5 tahun.

“Sayang, ... kalau kita lagi tamasya, dan merasa kehausan, tetapi kita lupa bawa bekal air minum, dan kebetulan di dalam tas kecil kamu ada 2 buah apel, apa yang kamu akan lakukan?”

Sang putri berpikir sejenak, lalu menjawab mantap,
“Aku akan menggigit kedua apel tersebut.”

Mendengar jawaban sang putri, ibunya pun merasa kecewa. Namun Sang Ibu mencoba bersabar, dan mencoba menggali mengapa putrinya menjawab demikian.

Kemudian sang ibu bertanya dengan lembut kepada putrinya,
“Sayang, bisakah kamu beritahu mama alasan, kenapa kamu melakukan itu? .. kenapa tidak kamu berikan salah satu apel itu untuk mama ?”

Dengan mata berbinar, putri itu memberikan jawaban yang sama sekali tak diduga oleh si ibu, katanya demikian :
"Karena aku mau memberikan apel yang lebih manis kepada mama, makanya aku coba dulu Ma, setelah tau mana yang lebih manis baru kuberikan itu untuk Mama.”

Begitu mendengar jawaban sang putri, hati sang ibu pun tersentuh haru.  Tanpa terasa, air mata haru pun jatuh membasahi pipinya.

**** *****   **** *****   **** *****

Bisa membayangkan yang terjadi jika sang ibu memilih tidak mendengarkan lebih jauh ?

Memarahi, memukul, mencubit  ...  woii, itu anak, bukan musuh ! :v

Ngasih nasehat nggak relevan ... duh, jangan sotoy dong Ma (batin si anak) :v

dan masih banyak hal konyol lain yang bisa kita lakukan  ....

Betul ?


Kalau menurut kamu betul dan berguna,
 silahkan klik LIKE dan SHARE artikel Citra Property Land / CiProLan ini kepada orang-orang yang kamu sayangi.



          #085: Wie du mit nur drei Gewohnheiten sofort produktiver wirst        

Es sind nicht die Zauber-Methoden, die dich produktiver machen. Sondern es sind neue Gewohnheiten, die du dir aneignest - oder eben nicht.


          #018: So können Sie Ihre Woche abschließen        

Heute will ich Sie davon überzeugen, sich am Freitag ein wenig Zeit zu nehmen, um Ihre Woche sauber abzuschliessen.

Es wäre falsch, einfach so ins Wochenende zu stolpern mit vielen halb-erledigten Aufgaben, unaufgeräumtem Büro und vergessenen Dingen. Nicht umsonst nimmt der Wochenrückblick in GTD einen solch grossen Raum ein.

### Die Vorschläge aus dem Podcast

1. Erledigen Sie etwas Kleines.

2. Machen Sie einen kleinen Schritt in einem wichtigen Projekt.

3. Beenden Sie etwas.

4. Bringen Sie Ihre To-do-Liste auf Vordermann.

5. Aktualisieren Sie Ihren Kalender.

6. Machen Sie Termine mit sich selbst ab.

7. Planen Sie die nächste Woche.

8. Räumen Sie auf.

9. Leeren Sie Ihre Eingangskörbe.

10. Erkundigen Sie sich nach einer delegierten Aufgabe.

11. Verbessern Sie Ihre Arbeitsorganisation.

12. Lassen Sie eine neue Idee nicht verhungern.

13. Lesen Sie 20 Seiten in einem Buch.

14. Planen Sie etwas Tolles für das Wochenende.

15. Bewegen Sie sich.

16. Betrachten Sie das Ganze.

### Weiterempfehlen

Hat Ihnen diese Folge gefallen? Dann empfehlen Sie den Podcast doch weiter. Damit unterstützen Sie gleichzeitig mich und meine Arbeit.

Besonders hilfreich sind positive Bewertungen bei iTunes. Klicken Sie gleich weiter unten auf den iTunes-Link und schenken Sie mir ein paar Sterne. Vielen Dank!

Die Seite zu dieser Podcast-Folge mit weiteren Links:

http://www.blatternet.de/018


          Uber promo code : Get 80% off on first ride across all cities (New Users)        

Too much work and you stay late at night in the office and no conveyance to go home or say late night party and you are stuck with no means to go home! Well with the advancement of technology we know what pretty much we are about to do. We call an Uber! Uber Taxi services […]

The post Uber promo code : Get 80% off on first ride across all cities (New Users) appeared first on Trickloot - Tricks and Offers.


          Uber Referral Offer : New users get Rs. 150 off on first ride + Valentine Special        

Uber seamlessly connects riders to drivers and makes cities more accessible, opening up more possibilities for riders and more business for drivers. Uber referral offer gives you uber free ride worth Rs. 150 on signing up as a new user. Rider referrals allow drivers to earn cash for inviting new Uber riders who apply your promo […]

The post Uber Referral Offer : New users get Rs. 150 off on first ride + Valentine Special appeared first on Trickloot - Tricks and Offers.


          Eu Vent du Vous Soft Perfume        
Sabé Masson. Soft Perfume stick Eu Vent du Vous : A rich and mysterious amber. Top notes: neroli, bergamot. Heart notes: tuberose, clary sage, nutmeg.Base notes: cedar, cistus, vanilla, amber, labdanum, musk. Moisturizing and softening, tiare oil is extracted from its emblematic flower of Tahiti. A tender and light formula on the skin, perfect to rehydrate, soothe. Dough slightly orange. Eu Vent du Vous Soft Perfume: “Sometimes we are left as perfume, unique eloquent traces of a splendid and decisive encounter.”
          âœ³ï¸âœ³ï¸âœ³ï¸Sunny at McAllen✳️✳️✳️Real pic 👍☎️✳️✳️✳️661-6755-888        
Hi there I am Sunny nice funny inside outside both beautiful.✳️✳️✳️I will visiting McAllen from August 8th to September 8th .✳️✳️✳️i am also Excellent massage specialist good at smoothly soft touch.Medium .strong back walk .Swedish oil massage Thai masage .Deep tissue herbs treatment joints pain.Ear candle for insomnia &Lyphatic Detox and waxing I charge same as masage price 😄🎈🎈👍👍Including free trimming and shaving and body scrub and cut man hair only Army hair style and &✳️✳️✳️✳️✳️I am also a Hypnotists can help you sleeping better .Only accept 💰 Cash and PayPal .incall 30mins60 one hour80 🌹🌹Outcall one hour 130 plus two way uber money .✳️✳️✳️✳️✳️Make an appointment ☎️661-6755-888 Only open for gentle nice people ~~~~All the service without Sexual~~~~
          @i$h!teru        


Walau raga kita terpisah jauh, Namun hati kita selalu dekat ^^


Menunggu sesuatu yang sangat menyebalkan bagiku
Saat ku harus bersabar dan trus bersabar
Menantikan kehadiran dirimu
Entah sampai kapan aku harus menunggu 

Sesuatu yang sangat sulit tuk kujalani
Hidup dalam kesendirian sepi tanpamu
Kadang kuberpikir cari penggantimu
Saat kau jauh disana

[*]
Walau raga kita terpisah jauh
Namun hati kita selalu dekat
Bila kau rindu pejamkan matamu
Dan rasakan a a a aku

[**]
Kekuatan cinta kita takkan pernah rapuh
Terhapus ruang dan waktu
Percayakan kesetiaan ini
Pada ketulusan a a ai aishiteru

Gelisah sesaat saja tiada kabarmu kucuriga
Entah penantianku takkan sia-sia
Dan berikan satu jawaban pasti
Entah sampai kapan aku harus bertahan

Saat kau jauh disana rasa cemburu
Merasuk kedalam pikiranku melayang
Tak tentu arah tentang dirimu
Apakah sama yang kau rasakan
Back to [*][**]

Satu sendiri pikiran melayang terbang
Perasaan resah gelisah
Jalani kenyataan hidup tanpa gairah
O…wu..wo..o..

Lupakan segala obsesi dan ambisimu
Akhiri semuanya cukup sampai disini
Dan buktikan pengorbanan cintamu untukku
Kumohon kau kembali

Kimita tuokukitemo
Kiminoi shuaguaratala
Shiniteruyo shiniteruyo

Back to [*][**]
Wo wo wo..
Wo wo wo..a a ai aishiteru

p/s: dolu-dolu ado org tu cakap lagu ni ~ makna yg amat puitis...hehe


          Healthy Detox Diet For Weight Loss        

Healthy Detox Diet For Weight Loss Quote:"Such life-style factors such as butt cigaret fag smoke, inordinate undue unreasonable extravagant exuberant overweening inebriant intoxicant expenditure ...

The post Healthy Detox Diet For Weight Loss appeared first on Buy Fat Burner Pills.


          Uber investors Benchmark are suing Travis Kalanick        
Benchmark owns 13% of the company, and is suing its former CEO over a June 2016 decision to expand the board.
          How Ryan Graves became Uber's first CEO        
Graves' role at Uber is somewhat mysterious.
          COMMON ACUPOINTS FOR HAND THERAPY        
Special Recommend information on A H1N1 (swine flu)
As it is known to all, currently we human being are all faced with a big enemy-A/H1N1 flu (swine flu) which has been threatening our life. Now the situation is worsening. As health and medical organ, we shoulder more responsibility to handle outbreak of this emergency.

In TCM, A/H1N1 belongs to epidemic febrile disease of TCM which is the same as human avian influenza and SARS and similar to A/H1N1 flu syndrome differentiation and treatment of TCM prevention and cure. It is advocated “dispelling wind, reducing fever and dissipating dampness in clinical.

TCM center will provide latest Special Report Globally on the A/H1N1 flu; and you still can find the Symptoms and Prevention about A/H1N1 flu ; further more, TCM prevention for swine flu provides latest global news; Chinese medicine prevention for A/H1N1 flu ; Chinese herbal medicine and so on.

The acupoints for hand therapy include the regular and extra acupoints on the hand. The acupoints on the forearm are also used in hand therapy because they are exposed and convenient to locate for application of acupuncture (the acupoints marked with an asterisk (*) are located on the hand).

1. Chize (LU 5, on hand Taiyin lung meridian) Location: With elbow slightly flexed, it is on the cubital crease and on the radial border of tendon of brachial biceps muscle (Fig. 1). Function: To suppress adverse ascent of lung qi, tone lung yin, and moisten the lung. Indications: Cough, asthma, hemoptysis, sore throat, chest distension, acute mastitis, arm and elbow pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6 cm, or bleeding therapy with three-edged needle; and moxibustion is permissible.

2. Kongzui (LU 6, on hand Taiyin lung meridian) Location: With arm extended and palm supine, it is on the connecting line between Chize (LU 5) and Taiyuan (LU 9) and 23.3 cm from Taiyuan (Fig. 1). Function: To suppress adverse ascent of lung qi, clear blood heat, and stop bleeding. Indications: Cough, asthma, hemoptysis, sore throat, aphonia, hemorrhoids, and arm and elbow pain. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6-3.3 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

3. Lieque (LU 7, on hand Taiyin lung meridian) Location: It is proximal to radial styloid process and 5 cm proximal to carpal crease (Fig. 1). Function: To expel pathogen from lungs and adjust Renmai (conceptional vessel). Indications: Cough, asthma, sore throat, hemiplegia, deviation of mouth and eye, migraine, stiff neck, toothache, and hotness in palm. Acupuncture: Oblique insertion of needle toward elbow for 0.7 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

4. Jingqu (LU 8, on hand Taiyin lung meridian) Location: With palm supine, it is 3.3 cm proximal to carpal crease and in a depression between radial styloid process and radial artery (Fig. 1). Function: To control cough and asthma and adjust breath. Indications: Cough, asthma, sore throat, pain and distension in chest, and hotness in palm. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

5. Taiyuan* (LU 9, on hand Taiyin lung meridian) Location: With palm supine, it is on carpal crease and in a depression on the radial side of radial artery (Fig. 2). Function: To control cough, resolve phlegm, improve body resistance, and expel pathogens. Indications: Cough, asthma, hemoptysis, pain and distension of chest, sore throat, vomiting, abdominal distension, irregular pulse, and hand and wrist pain. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for l cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

6. Yuji* (LU 10, on hand Taiyin lung meridian) Location: With palm supine, it is proximal to the first metacarpophalangeal joint, at the midpoint of metacarpal bone and on the dorsopalmar boundary (Fig. 2). Function: To clear heat in lungs, relieve stagnation in throat, and clear heat in blood. Indications: Cough, hemoptysis, sore throat, elbow spasm, and hotness in palm. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6-3.3 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

7. Shaoshang* (LU 11, on hand Taiyin lung meridian). Location: On the radial side of thumb and 0.3 cm from corner of nail (Fig. 2). Function: To clear heat, open sense organ orifices, restore yang, revive critical patients, relieve stagnation in throat, and control convulsion. Indications: Cough, asthma, sore throat, madness, epilepsy, stroke with coma, febrile diseases, and convulsion in children. Acupuncture: Horizontal insertion of needle toward wrist for 0.6 cm or bleeding therapy with three-edged needle; and moxibustion is permissible.

8. Shangyang* (LI 1, hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: On the radial side of index finger and 0.3 cm from the corner of nail (Fig. 3). Function: To clear heat, resolve swelling, open sense organ orifices, and refresh the mind. Indications: Sore throat, swelling of jaw, toothache, deafness, tinnitus, cough, asthma, stroke with coma, and shoulder pain. Acupuncture: Upward oblique insertion of needle for 0.6 cm or bleeding therapy with three-edged needle; and moxibustion is permissible.

9. Erjian* (LI 2, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: With hand slightly clenched, it is on the radial side of second metacarpophalangeal joint and distal to it, and on the dorsopalmar boundary of hand (Fig. 3). Function: To clear heat and resolve swelling. Indications: Sore throat, swelling of jaw, nasal bleeding, toothache, eye pain, deviation of mouth and eye, body heat, and shoulder pain. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 0.6 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

10. Sanjian* (LI 3, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: With hand slightly clenched, it is on the radial side of index finger and proximal to second metacarpophalangeal joint and capitulum of second metacarpal bone (Fig. 3). Function: To clear heat, resolve swelling, relieve fullness, and stop diarrhea. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

11. Hegu* (LI 4, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: Between the first and second metacarpal bone and at the midpoint of second metacarpal bone (Fig. 3). Function: To clear heat, treat exterior syndrome, and improve vision and hearing. Indications: Headache, dizziness, toothache, eye pain, sore throat, swelling of face, deviation of mouth and eye, diseases of nose and ear, fever, hemiplegia, finger spasms, arm pain, amenorr hea, late delivery of baby, skin rashes, and diseases ofstomach and intestines. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6-3.3 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

12. Yangxi* (LI 5, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: On the radial side of dorsum of wrist and in a depression between tendons of long and short extensor muscles of thumb (Fig. 3). Function: To clear heat, tranquilize the mind, improve vision, and remove stagnation in throat. Indications: Headache, sore throat, red eyes, deafness, tinnitus, toothache, arm and wrist pain, epilepsy, and madness. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.3 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

13. Pianli (LI 6, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: On the connecting line between Yangxi (LI 5) and Quchi (LI 11) acupoints and 10 cm from Yangxi (Fig. 4). Function: To improve vision and hearing. Indications: Nasal bleeding, red eyes, tinnitus, deafness, deviation of mouth and eye, sore throat, edema and pain in shoulder, arm, elbow, and wrist. Acupuncture: Oblique insertion of needle for 1 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

14. Wenliu (LI 7, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: On the connecting line between Yangxi (El 5) and Quchi (L 11) acupoints and 16.6 cm from Yangxi (Fig. 4). Function: To clear heat, resolve swelling, tranquillize the mind, anti promote transportation in organs. Indications: Headache, facial swelling, nose bleed, sore throat, pain in shoulder and back, epilepsy, and madness. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

15. Xialian (LI 8, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: On the connecting line between Yangxi (LI 5) and Quchi (LI 11) acupoints and 1.3 cm from Quchi (Fig. 4). Functi,on: To adjust qi and promote transportation in organs. Indications: Headache, dizziness, abdominal pain, acute mastitis, and pain in elbow and arm. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

16. Shanglian (LI 9, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: On the connecting line between Yangxi (LI 5) and Ouchi (LI 11) acupoints and 10 cm from Quchi (Fig. 4). Function: To adjust qi and promote transportation in organs. Indications: Headache, pain in shoulder and arm, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and hemiplegia. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6-3.3 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

17. Shonsanli (LI 10, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: On the connecting line between Yangxi (LI 5) and Quchi (LI 11) acupoints and 6.7 cm from Quchi (Fig. 4). Function: To clear heat, improve vision, adjust qi, and promote transportation in organs. Indications: Abdominal distension, diarrhea, eye diseases, toothache, hemiplegia, and hand, arm, and elbow pain. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for i.6-3.3 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

18. Quchi (LI 11, on hand Yangming large intestine meridian) Location: With elbow flexed, it is in a depression on the radial end of cubital crease (Fig. 4). Function: To expel wind pathogen, control itching, clear heat, and resolve swelling. Indications: Febrile diseases, sore throat, toothache, eye pain, skin rashes, skin sores, scabies, diseases of stomach and intestine, epilepsy, madness, disturbance of menstruation, paralysis of upper limb, and shoulder and arm pain. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 3.3-5 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

19. Shaohai (HT 3, on hand Shaoyin heart meridian) Location: With elbow flexed, it is in a depression on the ulnar end of cubital crease (Fig. 5). Function: To tranquilize the mind. Indications: Heart pain, epilepsy, madness, tuberculosis of cervical lymph nodes, hand tremors and spasms, and pain in armpit. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1.6-3.3 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

20. Lingdao (HT 4, on hand Shaoyin heart meridian) Location: With hand supine, it is on the radial border of ulnar flexor muscle of wrist and 5 cm proximal to carpal crease (Fig. 5). Function: To expand chest and adjust qi. Indications: Heart pain and palpitations, dizziness, vertigo, unreasonable crying and laughing, stiff tongue, aphasia, and wrist and arm spasms. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

21. Tongli (HT 5, on hand Shaoyin heart meridian) Location: With hand supine, it is on the radial border of ulnar flexor muscle of wrist and 3.3 cm proximal to carpal crease (Fig. 5). Function: To tranquilize the mind, tone yin, and clear heart heat. Indications: Heart palpitations, stiff tongue, aphasia, profuse uterine bleeding, headache, vertigo, and pain on medial and posterior side of shoulder, elbow, and arm. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

22. Yinxi (HT 6, on hand Shaoyin heart meridian) Location: With hand supine, it is on the radial border of ulnar flexor muscle of wrist and 1.6 cm proximal to carpal crease (Fig. 5). Function: To tranquilize the mind and clear heat in the blood. Indications: Heart pain and palpitations, night sweating, aphasia, and hematemesis. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.

23. Shenmen* (HT 7, on hand Shaoyin heart meridian) Location: On the carpal crease and on the radial border of ulnar flexor muscle of wrist (Fig. 6). Function: To improve the body's resistance, expel pathogens, and tranquilize the mind. Indications: Heart pain and palpitations, insomnia, poor memory, unreasonable crying and laughing, epilepsy, madness, headache, vertigo, and hotness in palm. Acupuncture: Vertical insertion of needle for 1 cm; and moxibustion is permissible.
          Infobox Vöcklabruck März 2012: Garten und Permakultur        
Bernhard Gruber hält mehrere Vorträge pro Woche und tingelt quer durch das Land. Seine Leidenschaft gehört der sogenannten Permakultur, deren Philosophie er gerne mit einem interessierten Publikum teilt. So geschehen auch am 13. März in Rutzenmoos auf Einladung des dort ansässigen Selbstversorger-Stammtischs. Richard Schachinger hat Bernhard Gruber in der Pause kurz vor’s Mikro gebeten und […]
          Infobox – 15 Jahre Jugendhaus Servas und bio-regio-fair Nest Zell        
Wenn ein Jugendhaus 15 Jahre alt wird, gibt es Grund zum Feiern. Die Kinderkrankenheiten sind vorbei, die Pubertät überstanden und man ist noch nicht in die Jahre gekommen. Das Servas, ein beliebter Treffpunkt für Jugendlichen aus dem ganzen Bezirk – egal ob SchülerIn oder Lehrling – für viele ist diese Einrichtung ein zweites Wohnzimmer geworden […]
          Dunjakkestemning i London...        

Helt siden Blomsterstjernen var en diffus liten Blomster-gass-sky har London hatt en uimotstÃ¥elig tiltrekningskraft pÃ¥ den kommende smÃ¥stjernen. Først og fremst for sin pop-musikk-magi, men ogsÃ¥ for dens grandiose storhet i bÃ¥de omfang og historie. Og fascinasjonen bare eskalerer og eskalerer for hvert Ã¥r som gÃ¥r. I hurtig takt, underbygget av jetfly-buldring fra Heathrow, tube-map-hypnose pÃ¥ London Underground og florale overdoseringer i Hyde Park og Kew Gardens. Det er ogsÃ¥ helt ok at London dessuten draperes av billige drosjer, ekstreme shoppingmuligheter, fantastiske restauranter og rÃ¥tne puber.

Har jeg glemt noe? Helt sikkert...
At det er 17 London-lag i Premier League?
Kanskje...
(Men nå må vi ikke glemme at dette er en manneblogg sett gjennom et kajalblikk...)

Regent Street - "Den norske gaten"?
Blomsterstjernen er uansett sÃ¥ heldig at han nok kan tillate seg Ã¥ kalle London for sin andre hjemby (noen knepp før København... red anm). For i løpet av det siste drøye decenniet har han besøkt London minst en gang pr Ã¥r. Fem-seks ganger pÃ¥ turné med band, et halvt snes elskovsturer og en kvart milliard jobbreiser...  De aller fleste turene har likevel vært en kombinasjon av minst 2 av de forestÃ¥ende element.

De siste 6 årene har det også blitt en tradisjon å delta på Natural Organics messen som arrangeres første helgen i april. Klok av skade sørger man alltid for å plusse på et passende antall bonusdager i begge ender av messen. I april er jo London helt optimalistisk for vårkåte nordmenn. Hjemme er det grått, brunt og gult og dobbeltsidig heldekkende regntøy så langt øyet rekker. I vårgrønne London blomstrer et hav av påskeliljer, fioler og kinesisk kirsebær om kapp med korte miniskjørt.

Som dere sikkert forstår har Blomsterstjernen nettopp hjemvendt fra den forjettede by. Business & Pleasure. Jobb & Kone. Men for en gangs skyld, og kanskje for første (og siste?) gang i historien, slet London med å frembringe den savnede vårfølelsen. Det var kuldegrader, det snødde, det blåste, det var grått! Men likevel helt fantastisk!

Men når man booker hotell litt for fort via hotels.com sjekker man ikke alltid hva for et rom man egentlig har bestilt..? Men denne gang ble vi positivt overrasket! Et latterlig godt tilbud på splitter nye Novotel Blackfriars resulterte i plass på øverste hylle. Excecutive Room i ellevte etasje med gjennomsiktig baderomsvegg!!! Perfekt for romantiske weekender! Helt til en av de involverte (eventuelt) må gjøre Big Business i toalettskålen under fullt innsyn (og oppsyn) av sin kjære...

"The Flower-Star MUST have an Executive Room!!!"


Nydelig utsikt fra toalettskålen - Heller bedrøvelig innsikt!

Men til tross for ett og annet litt for detaljert toalettopphold var storby-oppholdet perfekt! Spesielt da vi siste dag oppdaget at det fantes en knapp inne på badet som på et eller annet mirakuløst vis kunne blende den gjennomsiktige veggen... Litt av en oppfinnelse?!?

Blomsterstjernen fryktet lenge han ikke skulle komme hjem med et eneste fint bilde fra turen. Bortsett fra dem han tok fra toalettskÃ¥len (og det var MANGE!!!). Men siste dag med medbragt kone tittet endelig solen frem. Mann og kone spratt ut av shopping-moduset og nøt parklivet til fulle.








Men nok fikk være nok. Nok kos og romantikk! Mission completed. Konemor ble sendt hjem med første fly søndagsmorgen slik at Stjernegutten kunne indulgere seg i det ypperste innen manneinteresser siste dagen før messen braket løs. Heisekraner, undergrunnsbaner, skinnesystem og Heathrow Runway 09L & 27R.

Tradisjonen tro var det bare til Ã¥ ombooke siste natt. Blomsterstjernen har jo  nærmest fast suite pÃ¥ Heathrow Renaissance Hotel - with guaranteed runway view...

Heisekran i solnedgang...

Jetplane skies...

Room with a view...

A plane that crashes with a light pole....

Bye bye Airbus 380...

Etter noen kjærkomne dager i kjærestehimmelen, en vellykket dag i mannehimmelen og en lærerik dag i arbeidshimmelen returnerte Blomsterstjernen til sitt kjære nord med en nyinnkjøpt bag stappet til randen med mannekonfeksjon fra Zara...

Litt av en tur - tross alt,
(London skuffer aldri)








P.S. Dersom noen skulle trenge romantiske gastronomiske restaurant-tips i London anbefaler Blomsterstjernen  Gaucho Tower Bridge og Bar Boulud pÃ¥ det aller varmeste! Fantastisk mat og superb service til en uavskrekkende pris...

P.P.S. Noen som kan si meg hvilken flytype det var som krasjet med lyktestolpen? Og hvilket flyselskap?




          It's Spud Time        

The United Nations wants more people to appreciate the potato's potential to fight world hunger

Food for Thought

As 2007 winds down, thoughts naturally turn towards what might lie ahead. Meals rich in high-carb tubers, perhaps? That's what the United Nations would like everyone to contemplate throughout 2008, which it is designating the International Year of the Potato.

Farmers now harvest more than 300 million tons of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) worldwide. That makes it the fourth biggest food crop, trailing only corn, wheat, and rice.

For 8,000 years, the humble potato has been a staple in the South American Andes, its homeland. Spanish adventurers encountered the New World crop roughly 500 years ago and brought various types back to Europe. Today, potatoes are cultivated not only throughout the Americas, but also from China's uplands to India's subtropical lowlands—even on Ukraine's arid steppes.

A testament to the potato's Western roots, production of this crop in the States and southward leads the world. Fully 40 percent of the 2006 potato harvest came from North America, with Latin American farmers contributing another 16 percent.

However, appreciation for this nutritious starch within developing countries outside of the Americas—especially in Asia—has been growing steadily, with production of the crop in those regions climbing some 5 percent annually. Indeed, 2005 marked the first time in recent history that production of potatoes in the developing world exceeded that in developed nations.

Although most people think of potatoes as a commodity, in fact, more potatoes are processed to make fast foods, snacks, and convenience items than are sold fresh in the market place. Today, China is the leading producer of spuds, followed by the Russian states and India. International trade in potatoes—worth $6 billion annually—has also been growing within developing nations.

You might then ask why, with all of this pre-existing global interest in potatoes, the UN feels compelled to devote a year of workshops, research contests, and other focused attention on this one particular food. And the reason, the UN's Food and Agricultural Organization argues, is that much of the spud's potential to feed the poor remains untapped.

For instance, although Asians eat nearly half of the world's potatoes, per capita consumption even in Asia remains modest—just 25 kilograms per year, or roughly 45 percent of U.S. consumption and just 27 percent of what's typical in Europe.

Even were potatoes to win greater respect for their nutritional attributes and ability to serve as industrial feedstocks, they couldn't necessarily make a big contribution in new regions of the world without significantly more research. The tubers are vulnerable to a host of major diseases—like the one that set off Ireland's 1845 potato famine. Some varieties of potato are especially resistant to particular diseases, but may not grow well in new regions of the world or taste that yummy.

That's where potato scientists come in. They can identify the climate, soil types, day length, and native diseases with which any new potato crop would have to contend. Then they'll cross lines of wild or cultivated spuds to develop ones with traits that will allow them to thrive outside the Americas. The good news, the UN program notes: "The potato has the richest genetic diversity of any cultivated plant." So there's plenty of potential to tailor a new cultivar to meet the needs of farmers in most places on the globe.

But the potato's biggest advantage, according to the International Potato Center, based in Lima, Peru, is that it yields more food, more quickly, on less land, and in harsher climates than any other major crop. Up to 85 percent of the plant is edible, compared to only about 50 percent for cereal grains. Moreover, the Center notes, potatoes "are ideally suited to places where land is limited and labor is abundant—conditions in much of the developing world."

To help get this word out to agricultural agencies in parts of the world not already turned on to spuds, and from them to farmers, the International Potato Center will be sponsoring a March 2008 meeting: Potato Science for the Poor–Challenges for the New Millennium (http://www.cipotato.org/Cuzco_conference/). Those who attend will have the opportunity to explore the possibility of cooperating to fine tune existing potatoes into higher-yielding varieties.

The International Potato Center's gene bank safeguards the largest biodiversity of potatoes—7,500 different varieties, of which 1,950 are not cultivated. Research on spuds, especially studies aimed at fostering food security and the alleviation of poverty, have become a focus for the center.

With all of this talk of potatoes, are you hungry yet? The UN program has so far identified 172,000 web pages containing recipes for using potatoes. Stay tuned, it says: "We will gather the best of them" and share them on the Year of the Potato website.


If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

Citations

International Year of Potato (IYP) Secretariat

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Room C-776

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla

00153 Rome

Italy

International Potato Center

Apartado Postal 1558

Lima 12,

Peru
Further Reading

Gorman, J. 2000. Novel sensing system catches the dud spud. Science News 158(Nov. 25):341. Available at [Go to].

C. Graves, Ed. 2001. The Potato, Treasure of the Andes: From Agriculture to Culture. Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (208 pp). Available at [Go to].

Raloff, J. 2005. Food colorings: Pigments make fruits and veggies extra healthful. Science News 167(Jan. 8):27. Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. How carbs can make burgers safer. Science News Online (Dec. 4). Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Coming soon—Spud lite. Science News Online (June 19). Available at [Go to].

______. 2003. How olives might enhance potatoes—and strawberries. Science News Online (May 24). Available at [Go to].

______. 2002. Acrylamide—From spuds to gingerbread. Science News Online (Dec. 14). Available at [Go to].

______. 1998. Taters for tots provide an edible vaccine. Science News 153(March 7):149. Available at [Go to]

          Algierczyk, który zaatakował żołnierzy, nie był znany służbom        
Mężczyzna podczas zatrzymania na autostradzie niedaleko Calais na północy Francji kilka godzin po ataku został pięciokrotnie trafiony kulami i obecnie przebywa w szpitalu; jest w stanie uniemożliwiającym przesłuchanie.

Benlatreche był dotąd notowany tylko za złamanie w przeszłości francuskich przepisów o cudzoziemcach, ale obecnie jego pobyt we Francji jest całkowicie legalny. Policja stara się teraz określić profil podejrzanego, głównie w oparciu o rewizje przeprowadzone w jego mieszkaniu w Bezons na północno-zachodnich przedmieściach Paryża i w innych związanych z nim miejscach.

Sąsiedzi Algierczyka opisują go jako człowieka skrytego. Jego stryj Mohammed Benlatreche powiedział, że był on praktykującym muzułmaninem, który powiedział rodzinie, że pracuje jako kierowca m.in. dla Ubera. Zapewnił, że nie widział żadnych oznak radykalizacji krewnego. Śledztwo prowadzi paryska prokuratura antyterrorystyczna pod kątem "próby zabójstwa przedstawicieli osób pełniących władzę publiczną w związku z terroryzmem".

Sprawca porannego ataku na żołnierzy w Levallois-Perret, na północny zachód od Paryża, wjechał samochodem BMW w grupę żołnierzy udających się na patrol. Pojazd najpierw zbliżył się powoli, a gdy był już blisko żołnierzy, gwałtownie przyspieszył. Sześciu żołnierzy zostało rannych, w tym dwóch ciężko, ale ich życiu nic nie zagraża. Kierowca zbiegł z miejsca zdarzenia, a uciekając uderzył w co najmniej jeden samochód. Władze szybko ogłosiły, że chodziło o działanie z premedytacją, a nie wypadek.

Żołnierze brali udział w wojskowej operacji o kryptonimie "Sentinelle", której celem jest ochrona najważniejszych obiektów w całym kraju. Bierze w niej udział 7 tys. żołnierzy.

Od stycznia 2015 roku we Francji dochodzi do dżihadystycznych zamachów. Zginęło w nich już 239 osób. Celem ostatnich ataków były głównie siły bezpieczeństwa rozmieszczone w kluczowych miejscach w kraju, żołnierze operacji "Sentinelle" zostali zaatakowani po raz szósty.

Francja jest w stanie najwyższej gotowości; w związku z zagrożeniem terrorystycznym w kraju tym kilkakrotnie przedłużano stan wyjątkowy.

PAP


          Troubling Meaty 'Estrogen'        

High temperature cooking can imbue meats with a chemical that acts like a hormone

Food for Thought

Women take note. Researchers find that a chemical that forms in overcooked meat, especially charred portions, is a potent mimic of estrogen, the primary female sex hormone. That's anything but appetizing, since studies have linked a higher lifetime cumulative exposure to estrogen in women with an elevated risk of breast cancer.

Indeed, the new finding offers a "biologically plausible" explanation for why diets rich in red meats might elevate breast-cancer risk, notes Nigel J. Gooderham of Imperial College London.

At the very high temperatures reached during frying and charbroiling, natural constituents of meats can undergo chemical reactions that generate carcinogens known as heterocyclic amines (see Carcinogens in the Diet). Because these compounds all have very long, unwieldy chemical monikers, most scientists refer to them by their abbreviations, such as IQ, MeIQ, MeIQx, and PhIP.

Of the nearly two dozen different heterocyclic amines that can form, PhIP dominates. It sometimes accumulates in amounts 10 to 50 times higher than that of any other member of this toxic chemical family, Gooderham says. Moreover, he adds, although heterocyclic amines normally cause liver tumors in exposed animals, PhIP is different: "It causes breast cancer in female rats, prostate cancer in male rats, and colon cancer in both." These are the same cancers that in people are associated with eating a lot of cooked meats.

However, the means by which such foods might induce cancer has remained somewhat elusive. So, building on his team's earlier work, Gooderham decided to probe what the heterocyclic amine did in rat pituitary cells. These cells make prolactin—another female sex hormone—but only when triggered by the presence of estrogen. Prolactin, like estrogen, fuels the growth of many breast cancers.

In their new test-tube study, Gooderham and coauthor Saundra N. Lauber show that upon exposure to PhIP, pituitary cells not only make progesterone, but also secrete it. If these cells do the same thing when they're part of the body, those secretions would circulate to other organs—including the breast.

But "what was startling," Gooderham told Science News Online, is that it took just trace quantities of the heterocyclic amine to spur prolactin production. "PhIP was incredibly potent," he says, able to trigger progesterone production at concentrations comparable to what might be found circulating in the blood of people who had eaten a couple of well-done burgers.

The toxicologist cautions that there's a big gap between observing an effect in isolated cells growing in a test-tube and showing that the same holds true in people.

However, even if PhIP does operate similarly in people, he says that's no reason to give up grilled meat. Certain cooking techniques, such as flipping hamburgers frequently, can limit the formation of heterocyclic amines. Moreover, earlier work by the Imperial College team showed that dining on certain members of the mustard family appear to detoxify much of the PhIP that might have inadvertently been consumed as part of a meal.

The human link

Three recent epidemiological studies support concerns about the consumption of grilled meats.

In the first, Harvard Medical School researchers compared the diets of more than 90,000 premenopausal U.S. nurses. Over a 12-year period, 1,021 of the relatively young women developed invasive breast cancers. The more red meat a woman ate, the higher was her risk of developing invasive breast cancer, Eunyoung Cho and her colleagues reported in the Archives of Internal Medicine last November. The increased risk was restricted, however, only to those types of breast cancers that are fueled by estrogen or progesterone.

Overall, women who ate the most red meat—typically 1.5 servings or more per day—faced nearly double the invasive breast-cancer risk of those eating little red meat each week.

Related findings emerged in the April 10 British Journal of Cancer. There, researchers at the University of Leeds reported data from a long-running study of more than 35,000 women in the United Kingdom who ranged in age from roughly 35 to 70. Regardless of the volunteers' age, Janet E. Cade's team found, those who consumed the most meat had the highest risk of breast cancer.

Shortly thereafter, Susan E. Steck of the University of South Carolina's school of public health and her colleagues linked meat consumption yet again with increased cancer risk, but only in the older segment of the women they investigated. By comparing the diets of 1,500 women with breast cancer to those of 1,550 cancerfree women, the scientists showed that postmenopausal women consuming the most grilled, barbecued, and smoked meats faced the highest breast-cancer risk.

These data support accumulating evidence that a penchant for well-done meats can hike a woman's breast-cancer risk, Steck and her colleagues concluded in the May Epidemiology.

PhIP fighters

Such findings have been percolating out of the epidemiology community for years. Nearly a decade ago, for instance, National Cancer Institute scientists reported finding that women who consistently ate their meat very well done—with a crispy, blackened crust—faced a substantially elevated breast-cancer risk when compared to those who routinely ate rare- or medium-cooked meats.

However, even well-done meats without char can contain heterocyclic amines, chemical analyses by others later showed. The compounds' presence appears to correlate best with how meat is cooked, not merely with how brown its interior ended up (SN: 11/28/98, p. 341).

At high temperatures, the simple sugar glucose, together with creatinine—a muscle-breakdown product, and additional free amino acids, can all interact within beef, chicken, and other meats to form heterocyclic amines. In contrast, low-temperature cooking or a quick searing may generate none of the carcinogens.

Because there's no way to tell visually, by taste, or by smell whether PhIP and its toxic kin lace cooked meat, food chemists have been lobbying commercial and home chefs to reduce the heat they use to cook meats—or to turn meats frequently to keep the surfaces closest to the heat source from getting too hot.

The significance of this was driven home to Gooderham several years ago when just such tactics spoiled an experiment he was launching to test whether Brussels sprouts and broccoli could help detoxify PhIP. "I bought 30 kilograms of prime Aberdeen angus lean beef," he recalls. "Then we ground it up and I gave it to a professional cook to turn into burgers and cook." Professional cooks tend to move meats around quite a bit, he found. The result: His expensive, chef-prepared meat contained almost no PhIP.

In the end, he says, "I sacked the cook, bought another 30 kilos of meat and prepared the burgers myself. It was a costly lesson."

Once restarted, however, that study yielded encouraging data.

One way the body detoxifies and sheds toxic chemicals is to link them to what amounts to a sugar molecule. Consumption of certain members of the mustard (Brassica) family, such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts (both members of the B. oleracea species)—can encourage this process. So Gooderham's team fed 250 grams (roughly half a pound) each of broccoli and Brussels sprouts each day to 20 men for almost 2 weeks. On the 12th day, the men each got a cooked-meat meal containing 4.9 micrograms of PhIP.

Compared to similar trial periods when their diets had been Brassica-free, the volunteers excreted up to 40 percent more PhIP in urine, the researchers reported in Carcinogenesis.

Experimental data suggest that two brews may also help detoxify heterocyclic amines. In test-tube studies, white tea largely prevented DNA damage from the heterocyclic amine IQ (SN: 4/15/00, p. 251), and in mice, extracts of beer tackled MeIQx and Trp-P-2 (see Beer's Well Done Benefit).

The best strategy of all, most toxicologists say, is to prevent formation of heterocyclic amines in the first place. In addition to frequently turning meat on the grill or fry pan, partially cooking meats in a microwave prior to grilling will limit the toxic chemicals' formation. So will mixing in a little potato starch to ground beef before grilling (see How Carbs Can Make Burgers Safer) or marinating meats with a heavily sugared oil-and-vinegar sauce (SN: 4/24/99, p. 264).


If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

Citations

Janet E. Cade

UK Women's Cohort Study

Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics

30/32 Hyde Terrace

The University of Leeds

Leeds LS2 9LN

United Kingdom


Eunyoung Cho

Channing Laboratory

Department of Medicine

Harvard Medical School

181 Longwood Avenue

Boston, MA 02115

Nigel J. Gooderham

Biomolecular Medicine

Imperial College London

Sir Alexander Fleming Building

London SW7 2AZ

United Kingdom

Susan Elizabeth Steck

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Statewide Cancer Prevention and Control Program

Arnold School of Public Health

University of South Carolina

2221 Devine Street, Room 231

Columbia, SC 29208
Further Reading

Raloff, J. 2007. Concerns over genistein, part II—Beyond the heart. Science News Online (July 7). Available at [Go to].

______. 2007. Concerns over genistein, part I—The heart of the issue. Science News Online (June 16). Available at [Go to].

______. 2006. Pesticides mimic estrogen in shellfish. Science News 170(Dec. 16):397. Available to subscribers at [Go to].

______. 2006. No-stick chemicals can mimic estrogen. Science News 170(Dec. 2):366. Available to subscribers at [Go to].

______. 2006. Meat poses exaggerated cancer risk for some people. Science News Online (March 25). Available at [Go to].

______. 2005. Beer's well done benefit. Science News Online (March 5). Available at [Go to].

______. 2005. Carcinogens in the diet. Science News Online (Feb. 19). Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. How carbs can make burgers safer. Science News Online (Dec. 4). Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Uranium, the newest 'hormone'. Science News 166(Nov. 13):318. Available to subscribers at [Go to].

______. 2001. Fire retardant catfish? Science News Online (Dec. 8). Available at [Go to].

______. 1999. Well-done research. Science News 155(April 24):264-266. Available at [Go to].

______. 1998. Very hot grills may inflame cancer risks. Science News 154(Nov. 28):341. Available at [Go to].

______. 1996. Another meaty link to cancer. Science News 149(June 8):365. Available at [Go to].

______. 1996. 'Estrogen' pairings can increase potency. Science News 149(June 8):356. Available at [Go to].

______. 1995. Beyond estrogens: Why unmasking hormone-mimicking pollutants proves so challenging. Science News 148(July 15):44. Available at [Go to].

______. 1994. Meaty carcinogens: A risk to the cook? Science News 146(Aug. 13):103.

______. 1994. Not so hot hot dogs? Science News 145(April 23):264-269.

______. 1994. How cooked meat may inflame the heart. Science News 145(March 12):165.

______. 1994. The gender benders. Science News 145(Jan. 8):24. Available at [Go to].

Smith-Roe, S.L., et al. 2006. Induction of aberrant crypt foci in DNA mismatch repair-deficient mice by the food-borne carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b] pyridine (PhIP). Cancer Letters. 244(Nov. 28):79-85. Abstract available at [Go to].

______. 2006. Mlh1-dependent responses to 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b] pyridine (PhIP), a food-borne carcinogen. (Abstract # 514). Toxicologist 90(March):105.

______. 2006. Mlh1-dependent suppression of specific mutations induced in vivo by the food-borne carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b] pyridine (PhIP). Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 594(Feb. 22):101-112. Abstract available at [Go to].

          KE bierze się za Airbnb. Usługa ma zostać opodatkowana        
Temat nie jest zupełnie nowy w UE. W czerwcu Parlament Europejski przyjął rezolucję, wzywając KE do stworzenia konkretnych przepisów regulujących usługi oferowane w ramach tzw. gospodarki dzielenia się, typu Airbnb czy Uber. Europosłowie bardziej jednak niż na podatki zwracali uwagę na stronę konsumencką wskazując, że klienci korzystający z usług za pośrednictwem platform powinni być chronieni jak w przypadku każdej innej transakcji.

Komisja Europejska do tej pory patrzyła przychylnym okiem na usługi tzw. ekonomii dzielenia się. Bruksela nie zdecydowała się na przygotowanie unijnych przepisów, ale w ubiegłym roku wydała wytyczne dla państw członkowskich dotyczące regulacji tego sektora. Według KE innowacyjne usługi ekonomii dzielenia się (ang. sharing economy albo collaborative economy) mogą korzystnie wpłynąć na wzrost gospodarczy i tworzenie miejsc pracy w UE, o ile będą regulowane i rozwijane w odpowiedzialny sposób.

Szybki rozwój tego sektora związany jest z nowymi technologiami. Najbardziej znanym przykładem jest UberPOP, czyli aplikacja kojarząca ludzi chcących odpłatnie wyświadczyć usługę przewozu oraz jej odbiorców. Inne przykłady to BlaBlaCar, czyli serwis łączący kierowców dysponujących wolnymi miejscami w aucie z osobami szukającymi transportu, albo Airbnb, umożliwiający wynajęcie pokoju, mieszkania czy domu.

Skala tych usług jest już na tyle duża, że na potencjalne korzyści podatkowe łakomym okiem patrzą ministrowie finansów. W czwartek rzeczniczka KE Venessa Mock poinformowała, że dyskusja w tej sprawie z udziałem KE i szefów resortów finansów państw członkowskich odbędzie się we wrześniu w Tallinie.

- Podatki są skomplikowane. To temat, który wymaga jednomyślności w UE, dlatego nie możemy wchodzić w nowy obszar taki jak ten bez odpowiedniej refleksji. I teraz zajmujemy się tą refleksją w sprawie najlepszego podejścia do opodatkowania cyfrowej gospodarki - zaznaczyła Mock.

Zniecierpliwienie obecnym stanem rzeczy wyraził w środę francuski minister finansów Bruno Le Maire, który mówił, że sytuacja podatkowa platform cyfrowych jak Airbnb jest we Francji"nie do zaakceptowania". - Platformy te osiągają dziesiątki milionów euro obrotu, a do budżetu Francji wpływa z tego zaledwie kilkadziesiąt tysięcy euro - powiedział cytowany przez AFP minister.

Zapowiedział, że we wrześniu Paryż wraz z Berlinem przedstawią inicjatywę w tej sprawie, by problem został rozwiązany na poziomie europejskim. Jak mówił, chciałby, aby francusko-niemiecki projekt stał się propozycją KE, którą mieliby omówić na grudniowym szczycie przywódcy państw UE.

Platformy, o których mowa, bardzo często mają swoją siedzibę w Irlandii, gdzie mogą liczyć na bardzo niskie podatki.

Unijny komisarz ds. gospodarczych Pierre Moscovici ocenił w środę, że poziom podatków, jaki we Francji płaci Airbnb, jest "szokujący". Według tamtejszego ministerstwa finansów platforma zapłaciła mniej niż 100 tys. euro podatków w 2016 roku nad Sekwaną, podczas gdy w tym czasie z jej usług skorzystało ponad 10 mln Francuzów.

Moscovici opowiedział się za tym, by kraje UE raczej uzgodniły wspólną bazę podatkową niż harmonizowały stawkę podatkową, jaką płacą firmy. We Francji jest ona szczególnie wysoka, bo wynosi 33 proc., tymczasem w Irlandii jest to 12,5 proc., choć są przykłady dużych, globalnych firm, które płaciły w tym kraju efektywnie dużo niższą stawkę.

W ubiegłorocznych wytycznych dla unijnych stolic KE stwierdziła, że zarówno platformy internetowe, jak i osoby świadczące usługi ekonomii dzielenia się powinny płacić podatki na równi z innymi uczestnikami rynku, w tym podatki dochodowe, podatki od działalności gospodarczej oraz VAT. KE zachęcała państwa unijne do upraszczania i wprowadzania jaśniejszych regulacji podatkowych dla tego sektora.

Według ubiegłorocznych szacunków KE dotyczących 2015 roku, platformy internetowe i usługodawcy w sektorze ekonomii dzielenia się łącznie osiągnęli dochód brutto w wysokości 28 mld euro, dwa razy większy niż rok wcześniej. Co szósty mieszkaniec UE przynajmniej raz korzystał z usług tego sektora, a ponad 5 proc. taką usługę oferowało.

PAP


          O primeiro menino na nova cidade        

Após minha primeira estória contando como foi minha iniciação (Inocência perdida), passo a contar como as coisas se sucederam na nova cidade.
O fato era que eu já estava viciado em levar uma rola no cuzinho. Gostava muito de sentir meu buraquinho sendo fodido desde os meus treze anos de idade. Meu “professor de 17 anos na época” me ensinara muitas coisas sobre sexo ou pelo menos aquilo que ele sabia melhor do que eu. Nunca revelei nosso segredo a ninguém e tivemos muitos momentos de extrema felicidade, embora, às vezes, eu achasse que os outros meninos desconfiassem de mim.
Nova cidade, novo bairro cheio de garotos, nova escola, a vida seguia em frente, mas eu já me incomodava com a vontade de ser enrabado de novo.
Eu agora já estava com 18 anos, meu corpo se desenvolvia, minha bunda estava mais arrebitada e rechonchuda que nunca e, embora eu agisse como um garoto “normal” (não era afeminado e nem agia como um viadinho), não demorou para que os outros rapazes começassem a fazer comentários a respeito de como eu tinha um traseiro gostoso e essas coisas todas. Era corriqueiro levar passadas de mão e encoxadas, mas eu me mantinha firme e procurava não dar bandeira sobre meus desejos mais profundos. Eu tinha sido bem instruído pelo meu mestre quanto ao modo de agir na frente de outros rapazes. Então sempre que um vinha com aquelas brincadeiras eu revidava ou fingia ficar irritado para manter as aparências, de modo que não desconfiavam que na verdade aquilo me dava um enorme tesão.
Passaram-se os meses, eu já tinha feito alguns amigos e nada tinha acontecido ainda.
Um belo dia, um garoto chamado Zé Paulo de 24 anos que era amigo do meu irmão mais velho foi procurá-lo em casa, mas ele não estava e ficamos os dois conversando. O papo foi evoluindo e eu percebia que vez ou outra o cara esfregava o pinto, o que atraia o meu olhar. Ele usava uma bermuda um pouco apertada o que demonstrava o volume que aos poucos se formava dentro dela. Era ele tocar no cacete e meus olhos imediatamente seguiam seu movimento. Claro que não demorou para o Zé Paulo perceber meu “incômodo” e foi levando o papo para o lado que ele queria. Perguntou se eu sabia brincar de troca-troca e eu respondi que não, então ele me disse que se eu quisesse ele poderia me mostrar. Eu quis saber como era aquela brincadeira e ele me explicou que primeiro ele colocaria o pinto na minha bunda e depois eu colocaria o pinto na bunda dele. Quando ouvi aquelas palavras meu cuzinho piscou de desejo e eu nem vacilei para topar brincar com ele. Ele reagiu com um sorrisinho maroto e sugeriu que fôssemos procurar um lugar para brincar.
Lugares escondidos eram o que não faltavam, pois havia muitas casas em construção (o bairro estava se desenvolvendo) e também muitos terrenos com mato relativamente alto que serviriam de esconderijo para esse tipo de brincadeira. Saímos dali e nos dirigimos a um terreno próximo onde ninguém poderia nos ver.
Achamos um lugar ideal e quando Zé Paulo tirou a bermuda, saltou para fora um pinto bem maior que aquele com o qual eu estava acostumado (devia ter uns 20 cms e era um pouco grosso, com uma cabeça grande e vermelha). Meus olhos brilharam ante aquela visão e ele percebendo meu êxtase pediu para eu pegar nele. Sem qualquer pudor agasalhei aquela carne dura com minha mão pequena. Estava quente e babava um líquido transparente. Instintivamente comecei uma punheta de leve naquele mastro o que foi suficiente para a pergunta dele: “Você já pegou num cacete antes né?”. Meio sem graça por ter sido desmascarado respondi que sim e contei a ele sobre minha experiência anterior. Seu rosto ficou iluminado de felicidade e então ele disparou: “Você gosta muito de rola?”. Respondi que gostava e sentia muita vontade de pegar numa fazia muito tempo, mas ainda não tinha tido coragem e ele era o primeiro rapaz do bairro para quem eu fazia aquilo. Ele me disse: “Então chupa seu pirulito porque eu sei que você deve gostar também”. Sem vacilar abocanhei a cabeça do caralho que pulsava na minha frente e como já tinha alguma experiência, comecei a chupar com todo o cuidado para não raspar os dentes. Seu caralho era um pouco grande para minha boquinha pequena, mas eu me esforçava para proporcionar prazer para aquele machinho delicioso. Ele elogiava: “Nunca um viadinho me chupou tão gostoso. Desse jeito vou querer sempre”. Não respondi nada, pois tinha a boca ocupada e não pretendia parar de chupar, já que sentia tanto tesão naquilo. Após algum tempo mamando, ele me pediu para parar senão ele acabaria gozando e estava a fim de fazer outras coisas comigo. Ele falou: “Bom, eu te chamei para fazer troca-troca, mas na verdade eu quero mesmo comer seu cuzinho. Deixa eu enfiar em você?”. “Claro que deixo”, respondi tremendo de tesão. “Você ta viciado em pinto. Vou te comer tão gostoso que você vai querer sempre meu cacete enterrado em você. Tira toda a roupa e fica peladinho que eu quero ver o meu troféu”, ordenou. Fiz como ele mandou e ele elogiou muito o que viu: “Nossa, caralho! Que bundinha maravilhosa você tem! Quero ficar horas metendo nesse cuzinho delicioso. Fica de quatro pra mim fica!”. Fiquei de quatro na sua frente, arrebitando bem o traseiro e expondo meu buraquinho o máximo possível. Ele se aproximou e começou a me lamber. Aquela sensação nova eu não conhecia e fui às nuvens com aquele cunete. Meu corpo tremia a cada passada de língua. Quanto mais metia língua mais eu me entregava a ele e percebendo meu bem estar, perguntou: “Acha que vai agüentar meu pau dentro do seu cu?”. Respondi: “Acho que sim apesar de ser grande e grosso”. Ele cuspiu várias vezes no próprio pinto e passou bastante saliva no meu furinho. Encostou a cabeça da rola começou a pressionar. Eu reclamava um pouco da dor, ele passava mais saliva, me segurava firme pela cintura e voltava a tentar enfiar aquele cabeção dentro de mim. Tentou e tentou até que conseguiu fazer passar pelo anel. Eu vi até estrelas e gemi um pouco mais alto. Ele pediu silêncio para que ninguém nos ouvisse e continuou forçando até estar metade dentro de mim. Lágrimas rolavam pelo rosto, mas eu não estava disposto a perder a chance de levar novamente uma rola na bunda, de modo que agüentei como pude e fiz o possível para receber aquele pedaço de carne delicioso no rabo. Agora eu já sentia seus pentelhos encostando nas polpas da minha bunda e suas bolas batendo nas minhas próprias bolas. Ele se movimentava devagar até eu acostumar com todo aquele volume me penetrando e rasgando e aproveitava para dizer umas barbaridades:” Caralho! Nunca meti num cu tão gostoso. Você tem mesmo que dar esse rabinho de ouro. Como sua bunda é generosa. Engoliu toda minha piroca. Ta tudo atolado!”. Eu não dizia nada, só ouvia e gemia no compasso do vai-e-vem que estava me proporcionando um prazer imenso. Sentia arder por dentro, mas nem de longe queria que ele parasse. Zé Paulo não parou, continuou aumentando aos poucos seus movimentos. Agora eu já não sentia mais dor alguma, só mesmo tesão de estar invadido de novo por trás e como eu gostava daquilo. Sentir o caralho alojado lá dentro, entrando e saindo, rasgando e fazendo arder de prazer. Eu estava nas alturas. Depois de uns 20 minutos me fodendo, ele estocou bem forte meu cuzinho e gozou sua porra quente dentro de mim, gemendo e urrando de prazer.
Eu já sabia que ele tinha me inundado de porra, mas nem me preocupava, pois estava acostumado a levar esses jatos quentes que eram o meu prêmio por ser obediente.
Saciado, ele se sentou ainda sem a bermuda e com o pau meio amolecido. Eu me sentei de frente para ele e começamos a conversar. “Obrigado por deixar eu meter em você. Levanta e deixa eu ver uma coisa”. Levantei, ele me colocou de costas para ele, abriu minhas nádegas e foi conferir o estrago que seu pinto tinha feito. “Seu cuzinho ta arrombado, mas acho que eu não machuquei você. Ta doendo muito?”. Sentei-me novamente à sua frente e respondi: “Ta ardendo um pouco, mas depois passa. É que seu pinto é muito grande. Nunca tinha experimentado desse tamanho”. “Você gostou?”, ele quis saber. “Gostei e quero fazer de novo quando você quiser”. “Você ta viciado mesmo em levar no rabo né sua bichinha. Pode deixar que eu vou querer comer sempre. Essa sua bunda merece um cacete todo dia. Não esquece que esse vai ser nosso segredinho, se contar pra alguém a gente se ferra”. “Pode deixar que eu não vou contar. Eu sei o que pode acontecer se meu pai souber disso”.
Ficamos ali ainda algum tempo, eu completamente pelado, ele sem bermuda, conversando sobre o que faríamos na próxima vez, quase sussurrando para não alertar nossa presença ali.
Depois de um tempo resolvemos que era melhor nos vestir e sair pra não chamar a atenção.
Alguns dias depois nós teríamos uma nova trepada, mas contarei como as coisas aconteceram em outra oportunidade.
Os fatos relatados aqui são reais e aconteceram há pouco tempo.
Comentários são bem vindos: ca.brasil2007@hotmail.com.
          Harto de la Llei del Cinema        
Odio que con la excusa de la cultura se nos imponga los que debemos ver y como lo debemos ver. Con la patraña de ' lo que es mejor para Cataluña y lo mejor para el català ', la Generalitat ahora nos dice como debemos ver el cine. En catalán. Y para ello no se les ocurre mejor idea que obligar a todos los cines catalanes a que la mitad de la cartelera en exhibición esté en catalán ( doblada o subtitulada ). O lo que es lo mismo, intervencionismo gubernamental en el mercado. ¿ Por qué apenas hay cine en catalán en los cines de Cataluña ahora mismo ? Porque no hay demanda, la gente no lo pide ni lo quiere. O como mínimo, son una minoría y para ellos ya existen alternativas, al igual que aquellos que busquen cine en V.O. o cine de corte independiente. ¿ Que no abundan estas salas ? No, porque repito, es algo minoritario. Pero las hay, existe la alternativa. Incluso en la capital pobre y ninguneada de Cataluña que es Lleida, tenemos los cines Funatic.


Si el público quisiera cine en catalán, tranquilos que los propios empresarios se darían cuenta de ello y bien se lucrarían de ésa demanda. Muy parece muy lícito y correcto que la Generalitat abogue por la difusión y normalización del catalán en todos los ámbitos de la sociedad, incluso el audiovisual, pero imponer por ley que el 50% de la cartelera sea en catalán es una insensatez. Para acostumbrar a que los catalanes veamos cine en catalán a) tendrán que pasar años, por no decir décadas. Es necesario un tiempo para crear ésa costumbre o hábito, b) el doblaje tiene que ser de calidad. No me sirve que en Cataluña tengamos una buena cantera de actores y actrices cuando finalmente acaban doblando los de siempre y en peor calidad ( obviamente, la distribuidora no invertirá lo mismo en el doblaje nacional que en uno minoritario, mal que pese ). ¿ Se aplica la Llei ? Pues perfecto, pero subvenciona a los cines, compensando las pérdidas que supondrá exhibir en catalán hasta que sea rentable para los empresarios. O crea un circuito alternativo de cine en catalán. Una série de cines públicos que sólo exhiban cine en catalán ( ya sea doblado o subtitulado ) y cine catalán, aún más importante para que al menos tenga algo de visibilidad lo que producimos aquí. ¿ Se puede considerar competencia desleal a los cines privados ? Pues ofrece el cine puramente comercial una-dos semanas más tarde de su estreno, como sucede en cines de pueblo o en los antes mencionados cines alternativos. Sea como sea, imponer un idioma en detrimento de otro para gusto y placer de cuatro individuos y el apuntador poco tiene que envidiar la políticas cuarenta años atrás.

          FUTEBOL NO PARAÍSO TURÍSTICO        

Tahiti: estreante em competições da FIFA




A Copa das Confederações da FIFA aqui no Brasil se avizinha, dia 15 próximo teremos o pontapé inicial do torneio em Brasilia na partida entre Brasil e Japão. E nesta competição teremos um integrante bastante inusitado que algumas pessoas sequer ouviram falar: o Tahiti (Taiti no "português brasileiro").

O Tahiti se encontra na Polinésia Francesa, território semi-autônomo pertencente à França na Oceania, mas com administração, legislação e economia próprias e uma badalada região turística que atrai milhares de viajantes o ano inteiro por suas paisagens paradisíacas, natureza exuberante e praias de águas cristalinas. É a maior ilha do arquipélago das Ilhas Sociedade e sua capital é Papeete. Sua população total é de pouco mais de 178 mil habitantes, seu regime de governo é o presidencialista, sua economia baseia-se no turismo e sua moeda é o Franco do Pacífico. 

As práticas esportivas na ilha polinésia são pouco disseminadas. A modalidade mais popular é o Va'a, ou canoa em português, que consiste numa espécie de canoagem. Outros esportes também são bastante praticados no Tahiti, como o surf, o rugby, o basquete e o futebol. Este último, inclusive, alcançou um feito notável em 2012 conforme veremos adiante.

O futebol tahitiano é bastante recente se comparado com a maioria dos países pelo mundo. E as informações disponíveis são bastante escassas como boa parte dos países da Oceania. A FTF (Federação Tahitiana de Futebol - ou Fédération Tahitienne de Football na língua local) foi fundada em 1938, mas a seleção nacional só veio estrear nos campos 14 anos depois num amistoso contra a Nova Zelândia. Ainda atuando sob o nome de Polinésia Francesa os tahitianos empataram com os neozelandeses por 2 a 2 em seus domínios. A primeira vitória oficial da seleção foi em 1953 sobre Vanuatu (então Novas Hébridas) por 4 a 3 na casa do adversário. Em 1971 o Tahiti protagonizou uma das maiores goleadas da história do futebol entre seleções: 30 a 0 nas Ilhas Cook em Papeete.

Os números, como já informado, são escassos sobre o futebol do Tahiti, inclusive na página oficial da FTF. Lá não há registros sobre os recordistas de gols e de participações com a seleção e os sites que têm algum tipo de informação não possuem fontes oficiais. O pouco que se tem conhecimento é de suas participações em competições, sobretudo nas organizadas pela OFC, a entidade que rege o futebol na Oceania. Até 2009 as participações tahitianas se resumiam à Copa das Nações da Oceania ou às Eliminatórias para Copa do Mundo, quando estreou em 1992. Participou há 4 anos pela primeira vez em sua história de um campeonato promovido pela FIFA: o Mundial sub-20. Em âmbito continental seu histórico é bastante razoável com três vice-campeonatos e um 3º lugar. Entretanto, no ano passado essa história mudou de patamar com a conquista inédita da Copa das Nações, tornando-se o primeiro país a faturar o torneio além das poderosas Nova Zelândia e Austrália. Os tahitianos levaram a taça diante da Nova Caledônia na grande decisão e novamente fizeram história ao se classificarem pela primeira vez para um campeonato com as seleções principais organizado pela FIFA: a Copa das Confederações.

Em 2012 o Tahiti conseguiu seu grande êxito em seus 61 anos de existência ao vencer a Copa das Nações da Oceania nas Ilhas Salomão. Os principais destaques da conquista heroica foram os atacantes Steevy Hue (autor do gol do título na final) e Lorenzo Tehau, os meias Jonathan e Alvin Tehau, o defensor Nicolas Vallar (capitão do time e eleito o melhor jogador do torneio), além do treinador Eddy Etaeta, ex-jogador da seleção de 43 anos e grande responsável pela campanha vitoriosa dos tahitianos.

Como já citado não há registros oficiais dos recordistas de jogos e gols pela seleção polinésia, mas podemos aqui citar alguns jogadores que, de alguma forma, tiveram destaque atuando pela equipe ao longo dos anos: o atual treinador Eddy Etaeta, Reynald Temarii (ex-presidente da OFC), o defensor Samuel Garcia, os atacantes Félix Tagawa e Tetahio Auraa, entre outros. No atual elenco todos os atletas atuam no futebol local, predominantemente no AS Dragon, principal clube do Tahiti, com exceção de um: o atacante Marama Vahirua de 33 anos, tahitiano radicado na França que chegou a atuar nas categorias de base da seleção francesa, e que defende o Panthrakikos da Grécia. Vahirua, inclusive, fará sua estreia com os polinésios nessa edição da Copa das Confederações, cuja equipe está no Grupo B ao lado de Espanha, Nigéria e Uruguai. Outro dado curioso é que apenas o mesmo Vahirua é jogador profissional, visto que todos os demais são amadores, ou seja, possuem outras ocupações como professor, bombeiro e bibliotecário, além da prática futebolística.

A seleção tahitiana joga no modesto estádio Hamuta, localizado na capital Papeete, que tem capacidade para cerca de 10 mil pessoas e é multi-uso. Após o título da Copa das Nações da Oceania no ano passado sua posição no ranking da FIFA deu uma boa guinada: hoje é a 138ª colocada. Além desta taça, a equipe da Polinésia Francesa ainda possui conquistas dos Jogos do Pacífico Sul.

Por fim, para quem é bem mais conhecido como um paraíso turístico, nada mal fazer turismo também atuando num torneio internacional em outro destino bastante visitado: o Brasil. Será uma atração e tanto em terras brasileiras.

Abaixo, dados e estatísticas da seleção que pode ser seu próximo destino nas férias.


FÉDÉRATION TAHITIENNE DE FOOTBALL (FEDERAÇÃO TAHITIANA DE FUTEBOL)

* Fundação: 1938

* Presidente: Eugene Haereraaroa

* Estádio: Hamuta (Papeete/TAH - 10 mil pessoas)

* Treinador: Eddy Etaeta

* Uniformes: Camisas brancas com detalhes vermelhos, calções vermelhos com detalhes brancos e meiões brancos com detalhes vermelhos (titular) / Camisas vermelhas com detalhes brancos, calções brancos com detalhes vermelhos e meiões vermelhos com detalhes brancos (reserva)

* Títulos (6): Jogos do Pacífico Sul (1966, 1975, 1973, 1983 e 1995) e Copa das Nações da Oceania (2012)

* Principais nomes: Eddy Etaeta, Reynald Temarii, Samuel Garcia, Nicolas Vallar, Lorenzo Tehau, Jonathan Tehau, Alvin Tehau, Félix Tagawa, Tetahio Auraa e Steevy Hue




Escudo: arquivo pessoal
Foto: Fifa.com

          A LIGA FAROESA        



HB Tórshavn: maior vencedor da Liga Faroesa




Depois de um longo e tenebroso inverno, eis que apareço novamente nesse espaço tão bacana com informação sobre a história de curiosidades do futebol. Recebi comentários, tweets e até e-mail questionando o porquê da não atualização periódica do blog. Então retorno hoje para contar um pouco mais sobre o esporte mais popular do planeta.

O futebol existe está presente nos quatro cantos do mundo, desde nas superpotências econômicas mundiais como EUA, Japão e Alemanha, até nos mais exóticas e remotas nações como Vanuatu, Taiti, Guam, entre outros. Cada lugar tem sua liga local com suas regras específicas – algumas simples e outras bem complexas e pouco inteligíveis. Nelas podemos ver times que certamente a esmagadora maioria dos amantes do esporte jamais ouviu falar, como FC Tobol Kostanay, FK Jedinstvo, Erakor Golden Star, Quality Distributors, Inter Moengotapoe, Mtibwa Sugar, entre outros. Como informação os clubes citados são respectivamente do Cazaquistão, de Montenegro, Vanuatu, Guam, do Suriname e da Tanzânia.

No post de hoje vamos falar sobre outro campeonato de nível técnico obscuro e praticamente desconhecido do restante do planeta, mas cujo país é um dos mais fascinantes no quesito paisagens naturais: o das Ilhas Faroe. Em 2009 este blog já teve publicada uma postagem sobre a seleção da região autônoma da Dinamarca, e você pode conferi-la clicando aqui.

Como dito, as Ilhas Faroe é um país pertencente à coroa dinamarquesa, entretanto é autônomo politica e economicamente falando. É um arquipélago situado entre a Noruega e a Islândia que tem aproximadamente 1400 km² de extensão e uma população de pouco mais de 50 mil pessoas segundo dados oficiais de 2012. É uma região com paisagens exuberantes com seu mar de águas azuis e montanhas verdejantes recobrindo boa parte do território. Sua capital é Tórshavn e sua moeda é a Coroa Dinamarquesa.

O desporto é bastante praticado nas Ilhas Faroe, entretanto os atletas têm que disputar modalidades olímpicas e paraolímpicas com a bandeira da Dinamarca. E como normalmente acontece na maioria dos paises pelo mundo a fora, o futebol é o esporte mais popular entre os faroeses. Sua seleção ocupa o 161º lugar no ranking da FIFA atualmente; já a liga nacional tem o 51º coeficiente pela UEFA. 

O campeonato nacional existe desde 1942, entretanto os clubes participantes só passaram a disputar competições europeias somente 50 anos depois. Entre o ano de estreia e 1975 a primeira divisão do torneio era chamada de "Divisão dos Campeões", ou Meistaradeildin em faroês. Na primeira edição apenas quatro times disputaram a taça: TB Tvøroyri, B36 Tórshavn, HB Tórshavn e KÍ Klaksvík - sendo este último seu primeiro campeão nacional. Muitas das equipes que participam da liga faroesa surgiram antes da criação da disputa, por isso disputavam o campeonato dinamarquês até seu início. A segunda divisão passou a ser disputada em 1943, contudo não havia acesso nem descenso. Até 1971 o certame envolvia apenas quatro clubes, quando a ISF, a Associação de Esportes das Ilhas Faroe, aumentou o número de participantes para 6. Cinco anos depois mais uma vaga foi aberta para a disputa e o nome da liga de elite mudou para 1.deildin (Primeira Divisão) e o sistema de rebaixamento e acesso foi introduzido - a segundona local passou a se chamar 2.deildin. O NSÍ Runavík teve o desgosto de ser o primeiro time rebaixado da história do futebol faroês, enquanto a honra da primeira promoção coube ao Fram Tórshavn.

Em 1979 foi criada a FSF, a Associação de Futebol das Ilhas Faroe, que passou a reger o campeonato faroês e, por conseguinte, já aumentou o número de equipes da primeira divisão para oito até 1988, quando finalmente o torneio passou a contar com 10 participantes, além de fazer com que dois times caíssem e subissem de divisão. Até 1992 os vencedores da 1.deildin não entravam nos torneios continentais, contudo, neste ano, a UEFA abriu vagas para os clubes faroeses disputarem tanto a Liga dos Campeões (o campeão nacional) e a Copa da UEFA (o campeão da Copa), atual Liga Europa, na primeira fase preliminar de ambos. KÍ Klaksvík e B36 Tórshavn foram os primeiros clubes da história das Ilhas Faroe a jogarem uma fase, respectivamente, da Liga e da Copa, porém sem passarem da primeira etapa.

A partir de 2006 o nome da competição sofreu algumas mudanças por motivos de patrocínios, passando a se chamar Formuladeildin entre 2006 e 2008, Vodafonedeildin entre 2009 e 2011, e Effodeildin desde então. A segunda divisão passou, então, a receber o nome de 1.deildin. A fórmula de disputa é simples e padrão na maioria das ligas europeias: jogos em turno e returno com os dez participantes em pontos corridos. O vencedor se habilita a participar da primeira fase eliminatória da Liga dos Campeões, enquanto o segundo e o terceiro lugares vão encarar a fase inicial de qualificação da Liga Europa. Os dois últimos colocados, como já visto, são relegados para a segundona nacional.

O maior vencedor da Liga Faroesa desde 1942 é o HB Tórshvan com 21 títulos, seguido do KÍ Klaksvík com 17. O atual detentor da taça é o EB Streymur. Já os maiores artilheiros de uma única edição são os ex-atacantes faroeses Uni Arge, pelo HB Tórshavn em 1997, e Fríði Johannesen, pelo B68 Toftir em 1995, ambos com 24 gols. Como não poderia ser diferente, a liga conta com alguns brasileiros, notadamente o atacante carioca Clayton Nascimento, de 34 anos, saído da base do Tigres do Brasil/RJ e desde 2002 no ÍF Fuglafjørður, artilheiro da última edição com 22 gols; e o zagueiro baiano Alex dos Santos, de 32, que começou a carreira na Portuguesa de Desportos em 2002 e hoje veste a camisa do HB Tórshavn.

Abaixo, dados e estatísticas da Liga Faroesa de futebol.


LIGA FAROESA - 1ª DIVISÃO (EFFODEILDIN)


* Fundação: 1942

* Organização: FSF - Associação de Futebol das Ilhas Faroe (Fótbólutssamband Føroya em faroês)

* Fórmula: pontos corridos com 10 clubes jogando entre si em turno e returno

* Clubes participantes em 2013 (10): 07 Vestur, AB Argir, B36 Tórshavn, EB Streymur, HB Tórshavn, ÍF Fuglafjørður, KÍ Klaksvík, NSÍ Runavík, TB Tvøroyri e Vikingur

* Campeões: HB Tórshavn (21), KÍ Klaksvík (17), B36 Tórshavn (9), TB Tvøroyri (7), GÍ Gøta (6), B68 Toftir (3), EB Streymur (2), NSÍ Runavík (1), SÍ Sørvágur (1) e VB Vágur (1)

* Maiores artilheiros de uma edição: Fríði Johannesen (pelo B68 Toftir em 1995) e Uni Arge (pelo HB Tórshavn em 1997) com 24 gols



Foto 1: UEFA.com


          Uber 這類服務在北美的商務交通支出超越一般租車        
從 Bloomberg 上看到的新聞,Uber 這類服務在北美的商務交通支出的佔有率已經超越一般租車了:「Uber Overtakes Rental Cars Among Business Travelers」。 資料來源是來自 Certify,北美第二大的雲端管理服務。所以這份資料其實還是有 bias 存在,但還是可以看出大趨勢: 所以不只有一般計程車行業受到影響,在商務客也受到衝擊。
          Selected Letters        
Selected Letters
author: Gustave Flaubert
name: Kristin
average rating: 4.34
book published: 1953
rating: 0
read at:
date added: 2010/04/09
shelves: to-read
review:


          Download Lagu Boomerang        

Boomerang Boomerang grup rock asal Surabaya yang sebelumnya bernama Los Angeles ini merupakan grup rock ternama Indonesia di era musik 90an. John Paul Ivan (Gitaris), Roy Jeconiah Isoka Wurangian (Vocalis), Hubert Henry Limahelu (Bassis) merupakan pendiri awal Los Angeles, kekosongan personil pada drum kemudian di isi oleh Farid Martin setelah Los Angeles berganti nama menjadi […]

The post Download Lagu Boomerang appeared first on BebasDownloadGratis.com.


          The Art of Lovin' Trees --- Featuring Joel Tauber        




The Art of Lovin’ Trees-- 
Featuring Artist Joel Tauber
Story dedicated to Joel and Alison
in celebration of their joyous engagement on November 9th,
2008

Written and Researched by Enilde Van Hook
Story Consult and Editing by Luke Van Hook
Painting, www.lukevanhook.com
Photography, www.gingervanhook.com
Writing, www.enildeingelsvanhook.com


 America is having a love affair with trees and California is second to none in leading its appreciation of trees. Digging deep into the roots of this story, I have followed and researched the tree culture specifically in Los Angeles where our love of trees has spawned a unique pop tree culture relating to art. Our popular tree culture today includes but is not limited to tree sculptures, tree paintings, tree photographs, tree videos, tree poetry, tree songs, tree jewelry, tree movies and even tree love affairs. 


Tree Earing created by Joel Tauber for his Sick-Amour Tree in Pasadena, California.
Additional Tree Jewelry created by Joel Tauber to adorn the Sick-Amour Tree includes leaf jewelry, as well as the male earing and the female earing that hang from the tree below.  
Photos of tree jewelry courtesy of  Susanne Vielmetter Gallery 5795 West Washington Blvd., Culver City, California 90232 www.vielmetter.com   infor@vielmetter.com (323-933-2117)


Sick-Amour Tree in the parkinglot of the Pasadena Rose Bowl, protected by barriers installed by Joel Tauber in his quest to save his beloved tree. Tree wearing the earings looks hot!  Photo courtesy of Susanne Vielmetter Gallery.
Leaf sculpture by Joel Tauber
Female tree earing by Joel Tauber.
Male tree earing created by Joel Tauber, photo courtesy of Susanne Vielmetter Gallery, 2008

For the record, our love of trees goes way back to the dawn of time when we were swinging in the trees, however, our love has grown and matured since then. The Greek and Roman heritage of literature and art bestows us with intoxicating stories of their Gods having entanglements with humans. Some of their deities were known as protectors of trees and nature such as Dionysus the Greek god of agriculture, fertility, wine and merriment. He was later renamed Bacchus by the Romans and reported to be the Tree God. Back in the day when artists carved trees into stone and marble relief sculptures to worship in the temples of their mythological gods, people celebrated the sacredness of trees, grapevines and sometimes the unions of gods and mortals. There was Pomona, the goddess of fruit trees who married Vertumnus, the god of fruits and gardens. Digging deep enough, one is sure to find stories of deities mating with trees and spawning children of the harvest for instance.

In modern literary circles there are a number of great imaginative family favorites written about trees, like “The Giving Tree” by Shel Silverstein. Then there’s the infamous story of how Robinson Crusoe lived in a tree-house, and of utmost importance to our American history of trees, we propagate the very memorable legend of ‘Johnny Appleseed’.

In our contemporary times we have a legend in the making too. I have been fortunate to witness the emergence of a new ‘Johnny Appleseed’ and interestingly enough, the story involves a recent romantic love affair between one special tree and a mortal that is well worth pursuing the story. Sometime in the fall of in 2007, I met Joel Tauber. This is the artist who I believe was struck by a mythological bolt of lighting, so to speak, pertaining to one of the Greek or Roman deities’. Joel Tauber is said to have fallen head over heels in love with one particular Sycamore Tree in the parking lot of the Rose Bowl in Pasadena. My chance meeting with this now famous mortal under the influence of an enchanted mystical spell, has led me to research the mysteries intrinsic in the charms of trees. I too have been struck with the frailty of trees, their vulnerabilities, and their enormous strengths and inspiration. This together with my own personal experiences with trees has prompted me to come out of my shell and discuss the subject in all seriousness.

My own personal background is not in trees. I am simply a tree-lover from childhood. For a little over ten years, my professional background was in radio as a disc jockey and on-air personality. I listened to music, reviewed songs and kept tabs on the pop music culture. I worked in the Los Angeles market as well as Santa Barbara, California; Eventually I moved to expand my work experience in neighboring radio markets like Reno, Carson City, Lake Tahoe and Gardnerville/Minden, Nevada. It was through traveling that I saw some of the most beautiful trees along the routes through Northern California and Northern Nevada!
While I drove from one radio market to another over the years, I watched the trees go by at the various speed limits along the highways of my life’s journeys. Thus you will understand when I tell you that often I see art and life, for that matter, through a series of moving images in my head which include a music bed. 
I was eleven years old when in 1970, Joni Mitchell wrote and released a song called ‘Big Yellow Taxi’ whose lyrics surpassed the test of time and is currently in airplay by a glut of new groups. The lyrics began with “…They paved paradise and put up a parking lot. They took all the trees and put them in a tree museum and they charged all the people a dollar and a half just to see ‘em.” One of the barometers I use to gage the influence of any particular song, music or artwork that I come into contact with is if it will surpass the test of time, among other important criteria. This song became one of my favorite songs of all time. The lyrics made so much sense to me.
When I met Joel Tauber, I was introduced to the enormous scope of his Sick-Amour Tree-Baby Project. It was then that I suddenly started hearing Joni Mitchell’s song in my mind again, only this time, as I got in my car, Counting Crows was performing the song. When I started doing more research on the song that I could not get out of my head, I was struck by how many artists had re-recorded the song and barely changed anything about the words. There is Amy Grant, who upgraded the dollar amount from $1.50 to $25 when singing about how much the museums charged people to enter. Additionally there is Green Day, Sarah McLachlan, Charlie Barker, Bob Dylan, Moya Brennan, Ireen Sheer, Donnie Eidt and a host of so many others that have recorded ‘Big Yellow Taxi’ it was simply overwhelming!
I think the importance of the lyrics to this one particular song is that it reveals the fact that people love trees and hate parking lots. The message is that if it weren’t for our trees, we could be living in a frying pan! The impact of this single song is that it reveals what is really going on in people’s minds. There is a reason why so many artists are flocking to re-record the lyrics in their own way.











Not only are trees involved in the music arena, trees as subjects, are very involved in politics as well. Gaylord Nelson, a senator from Wisconsin at the time, took a leading role in developing the celebration of Earth Day on April 22nd 1970 as a way to commemorate our environmental concerns. Arbor Day is presently celebrated as well with the first ceremonial tree planting in Washington D.C. on April 27th in 2001, all evidence that goes to prove the people of our planet do care about what happens to our trees.


Trees stand as a testiment and memorial for Dr. Martin Luther King

Dr. Martin Luther King is memorialized with trees along Expositon Blvd. across from the Los Angeles Coliseum and down the street from the University of Southern California.
Photo by Ginger Van Hook


Online sources on the subject of trees are rich in number. For instance, eighteen years ago, here in Los Angeles, a multi racial group of volunteers planted 400 Canary Island Pine trees along seven miles of road on Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard to commemorate Dr. Martin Luther King’s life. Today, this living homage to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. continues to thrive and keep the dream alive for his followers. The founder and President of www.treepeople.org is Mr. Andy Lipkis and he keeps tabs on the trees to make sure all 400 trees stay healthy.



Mayor Antonio Villarigosa is the person to thank for the ‘Million Trees Initiative’ he signed into effect in May of 2006 and Los Angeles residents can learn how they too can receive up to 7 free trees to plant on their property. Visit the website at www.milliontreesla.org to learn the details.   Also in Portland, Oregon there is www.friendsoftrees.org and in Bellingham Washington you will find www.geocities.com. There is also the International Society of Arboriculture called ISA and can be accessed by visiting www.isa-arbor.com. You will also find a great deal of valuable advise on the growth and care of trees at www.treesaregood.com and check out Tree Care Industry Association TCIA as well.



Mark Dion created an art piece titled "Library for the Birds of Antwerp" which is also a good example of how art is vitally connected with our tree culture and how it connects Mark Dion to his PBS special where he removed a dead tree from the forest and recreated its living components in a city scape in Washington.  From the "20th Century Artbook Phaidon Press 1996", the caption reads: "Using props from the natural and man-made world, Dion has constructed an installation that explores contemporary attitudes to science and the environment. He has created a fictional and hybridized situation in which the trappings associated with knowledge, learning and classification--such as books and photographs--are juxtaposed with natural elements including birds and wood.   The representation of nature is a fundamental subject in Dion's art, and here he takes on the role of sociologist/anthropologist and blurring the boundaries between authentic and fake, representation and parody. By adopting the persona of a scientist and by satirizing man's obsession with categorization, Dion questions the values of the Western world.  His subject matter is heavily influence by popular culture.  In Dion's world we might witness Mickey Mouse as an explorer, or Clark Kent interviewing Dr. Frankenstein." (Photo and contents are used in this story for purposes of artistic review.)

In the art world, an artist named Mark Dion was featured in a documentary film report that aired in 2007. To view the video one may visit on the Internet by going to www.pbs.org and find Mark Dion as he took the subject of trees and made an art piece that explored what would happen if one were to take a tree after its death, take it out of its familial context of natural forest, and re-create the ecosystem in an environment that would otherwise be a hostile urban setting, needless to say, a cityscape. Just outside of Seattle Washington, he states, a Hemlock fell on February 8th, 1996…and so begins an elaborate experiment that pits optimism against reality." The PBS special is very detailed and you will enjoy the depth of research and work that Mark Dion went to to take a tree out of the forest and recreate the setting in the city.  The difference between the artwork presented by Mark Dion and  the artwork presented by Joel Tauber is in the nature of the life of the tree. Mark Dion works with a dead tree and its living components, and Joel Tauber creates life out of a tree seed and duplicates it all over his community.


Thus I’ve discovered for myself that when I researched the subject of trees, I discovered Joel Tauber wasn’t alone! However, instead of creating an experiment in ecology, Joel Tauber goes further than Mark Dion does with this concept of eco-systems and their frailties. Joel Tauber begins a journey that could eventually repair the eco-systems that man has destroyed. This is where Joel Tauber takes the lead in the art world and becomes not only the realist but the optimistic hope for trees in desecrated forests all over the country.
Joel Tauber’s work as a living project of art in 2008 has resonance and his story is well worth telling again and again. He is certainly not the first, nor the last to get involved in the love of trees, but he is the first in contemporary times to have been associated with a mythological and mystical occurrence of reproducing tree babies out of just hugging one lonely tree.


The last time I saw a man hugging a tree, he was hugging the tree for all the wrong reasons. At the MOCA, Los Angeles’s Museum of Contemporary Art, some years back I was viewing an exhibition that was in town by the Utah born artist now working in Los Angeles, Paul McCarthy. While this work of art depicted a very raw and unsettling sculpture of ‘tree-lovin’ it had nothing whatsoever to do with the love of any tree. The work displayed a timely political statement about our government rather than the love for trees, but bear in mind that the thought involved images from man’s intimate involvement with trees both in the biblical sense and in the sense of man’s raping of the planet. Joel Tauber’s work counteracts the devastation of many years of neglect for our trees with a very basic recipe for the renewal of our commitment to our green-leafed friends. Now, when I see the image of Joel Tauber hugging his Sycamore Tree in Pasadena, I get a whole new perspective for the love for our planet, our trees and our environment as a whole.

"The Garden" by Paul McCarthy from The 20th Century Art Book, 
Phaidon Press Limited, page 280. Photo is used for purposes of artistic review.
The caption in the book reads as follows: " 'The Garden'  is a full-scale tableau of an outdoor, woodland scene, complete with leafy trees, shrubs and rocks.  This tranquil picture of nature is rudely interrupted by the presence of a middle-aged, balding man with his trousers round his ankles, engaged in a wholly unnatural act. From one side of the installation, his actions are not immediately apparent, being partially hidden by the tree trunks and foliage, but the sound of mechanical activity draws the viewer in to discover the shocking sight of a man copulating with a tree.  This robotic figure, with its endlessly repetitive movements, is both comical and crude, and is intended by McCarthy to question notions of acceptable public behavior and sexual morality.  McCarthy is a lecturer at UCLA as well as an artist. His sculptural installations evolved out of his earlier performance work which focused on his own body engaged in extreme and disturbing acts."




To further explain this romantic entanglement between a tree and a mortal, I cite some important historical facts. Back in 2005, Joel Tauber was in the parking lot of the Pasadena Rose Bowl, when he spotted a particularly lonely and neglected Sycamore Tree. There are hundreds of thousands of trees in Pasadena, and a great number of them thrive very well on the grounds of the Rose Bowl, should you ever drive through this luscious community of tree and rose-lovers, you will see. But Joel Tauber focused his attention on one specific lonely tree. He started to note more and more how cars would hit the bark of the tree and scrape it, injuring the tree repeatedly. Joel Tauber became a witness to this tree’s life. Taking compassion and friendship upon this particular tree, Tauber began to film the area of the parking lot where the tree was growing. He got the idea to put up solid barriers to protect it from cars and also carried water in large plastic bags to irrigate the tree. Soon, Tauber found himself as a one-man band, orchestrating a symphony of activities leading to editing mass quantities of tree footage, fighting City Hall, and embarking on a quest to save this tree from infertility using tried and true guerilla tactics that would make tree-huggers stand and salute. To personally view the Sick-Amour project, along with the giant scale tree sculpture installation exhibited at Susanne Vielmetter Gallery in 2007, you may visit www.vielmetter.com.













               Recently, I had the privilege and opportunity to discuss Joel Tauber’s work with Susanne Vielmetter and she was delighted to tell me what a wonderful sense of humor that Tauber exhibits in all of his works of art. Susanne Vielmetter reviewed the Underwater project with me as well as the Flying Project which Tauber presented.
She explained how deep down, she feels Tauber is on a quest for meaning in his work and that he has a keen sense of humor that unifies and makes his ideas successful. She states that he uses the comical and the tragic in the Tree-Baby project to address the issues of urban living in our time and very subtly pokes fun at the problems innate in urban planning. The real irony of a small Sycamore tree dying of thirst in a parking lot of a beautiful park in a paradise-like valley, alongside the 110 Pasadena Freeway where 80% of the territory is plastered with concrete and the water below runs along asphalt channels of the Los Angeles River is not lost on Tauber, she explained. To contrast, Susanne Vielmetter cited that parks in Europe allow for weeds to grow naturally on landscapes that are not covered with concrete. Joel Tauber’s projects were initially presented at the Susanne Vielmetter Gallery located at 5795 Washington Blvd., in Culver City, California. The response Susanne Vielmetter’s Gallery received was incredibly exciting, even though at first, some folks thought Joel Tauber was a nut; he went on to prove just how serious he really is about changing the landscape of our environment, one tree at a time.



Joel Tauber has a large body of video artwork, photographs and developing tree babies, (the children of a mortal and a Charmed Sycamore Tree) and one may also visit www.joeltauber.com.
As I learned more and more about Joel Tauber’s project, I realized how blessed we all are that tree-lovin’ is not a singular act of love or even a fleeting love of art. I realized how connected we all are to our environment and how the idea of having a special friend ‘the tree’, any tree in any state, in any country for that matter is a beautiful connection to have. The connection that Joel Tauber has to his Sycamore Tree is in synch with the love that the country is experiencing during our new millennium. We have all become acutely aware of the fragility of life; we realize now more than ever that we must respect our dependence on our environment and value our trees.

The first thing that struck me about Joel Tauber was that we had the love of trees in common. He seemed a bit shy, unassuming and humble yet I was later to learn the enormous power he wielded for this one frail and neglected tree in the parking lot of the Pasadena Rose Bowl in California. I was truly inspired by the level of involvement and commitment he had demonstrated for his own beloved Sycamore Tree which he had turned into a full-blown art-project including video, photography and sculptured jewelry. (He did it all!) He named this work the Sick-Amour Project mainly because he said he felt this tree was ill from the lack of love and the inability to have tree babies to fulfill its legacy. I had never personally met someone with such an extreme love and dedication to one particular tree. In our local newscasts, I had heard stories of people who became very emotional when a land developer was about to cut down a tree they considered a relic of their community; in which case people got very nasty about the issue and would chain themselves to the trees or surround the location with demonstrators that would shut down the jobsite. That’s when the news crews would come in with their cameras and boom mikes and the news helicopters would hover in circles above the trees trying to capture the ‘event’ that was creating all the uproar. A very recent example of this type of community behavior is written about on the front pages of the Los Angeles Times where Eric Bailey, a Times Staff Writer, wrote an extensive story about the tree-issues pertaining to Scotia, California where activists are protesting the logging of the Great California REDWOODS! Read the Sunday edition of the Los Angeles Times, August 24th, 2008 or visit www.latimes.com online to learn how the tree-sitters are doing today.

But Joel Tauber is a different type of activist. He doesn’t consider himself an activist at all. He merely states, humbly, just for the record, that he loves this one particular Sycamore Tree and it is an outrage to him to see how his new best friend is being suffocated under a six-inch blanket of black tar and asphalt. Better yet, Joel Tauber does something about it. Not with a crew of forty thousand demonstrators, not even with a crew of forty residents. He does this on his own, quietly challenging the laws of the city of Pasadena and humbly takes responsibility for the care and nurturing of his new best friend. I was touched. At once I began to marvel at his potent idea.



The art of loving our trees has grown roots in the higher levels of the art world as well. For instance, if one were to visit the J. Paul Getty Museum both at the Getty Villa which recently re-opened in Malibu and at the Getty Center in Los Angeles, you will find the love of trees has grown branches on all the hillsides surrounding both properties. There are lucky Sycamores and fortunate Pines; there are Pomegranate trees, Apple trees, Pear trees, Jacaranda trees and trees that just look good in a vista overlooking the ocean. Millions of dollars went into the development of artistic gardens which envelope the California landscape against a backdrop of the Pacific Ocean on one edge and the rolling hills of Malibu on the other.






Over in the area of the Miracle Mile, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art is celebrating an enormous renovation of its facilities and you guessed it, there are aisles and isles of gigantic palm trees lining the walkways to the entrance of the museum in concert with a unique and flamboyant architecture that has drawn the attention of the art-world with the generosity of Eli and Edythe Broad of the Broad Foundation. The Broad Contemporary Art Museum is the new wing at the LACMA and is considered the largest space in the country devoted exclusively to contemporary art. With a ‘living art display’ dedicated to the iconic palm trees, not native to California, Robert Irwin has developed a plein-air walkway through ‘Palm Gardens’ as one makes their way to the entrances of the museum.





Lush green trees thrive all over Pasadena, California, home of the Rose Bowl where Joel Tauber fell in love with a Sycamore Tree.  Photo by Ginger Van Hook, 2008




 The Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California  is also home to some of the most exquisite antiquities in its museum history which includes sculptures amid a forest like atmosphere. Currently at the Norton Simon Museum, among its many exhibitions, one may enjoy the artwork of Ruth Weisberg, Dean of the Gayle Garner Roski School of Fine Arts at the University of Southern California. Opening on October 17, 2008 the Weisberg exhibition at the Norton Simon runs through March 2, 2009. Additionally a lecture by the artist is planned where Weisberg discusses: Guido Cagnacci and the Resonant Image on Sunday November 16, 2008.  The Norton Simon Museum of Art is located at 411 West Colorado Blvd. in Pasadena, California. Ruth Weisberg was instrumental in selecting the work of Joel Tauber to be permanently planted on the Main University Campus of USC on January 24, 2008 where a tree planting ceremony was held and attended by numerous members of USC faculty, staff, students and guests. The location of the new tree-baby, child of the Sick-Amour Project, currently exists on the Exposition side of the campus between Gate one and the Fischer Gallery, across the street from the Museum of Natural History. 


In Pasadena, where lovers of trees line every street of the city as the landscapes are lush with all types of trees and where these wonderful healthy trees keep cool the throngs of tourists who visit the Rose Bowl every year, is also home to the Norton Simon Museum and the Pasadena Museum of California Art. Both locations are areas where tree-lovin’ may be experienced alongside some of California’s best-known artworks. Visit the NORTON SIMON MUSEUM at www.nortonsimon.org located at 411 West Colorado, Pasadena, California 91105 or visit the PASADENA MUSEUM OF CALIFORNIA ART at www.pmcaonline.com at 490 East Union Street, Pasadena, California.



In San Marino, California, the art of trees, gardens and succulents has found a worthy haven at the Huntington Library and Botanical Gardens spanning an area of 120 acres dedicated to the fine arts founded by Henry E. Huntington in 1928 as the very first public art gallery in Southern California. Along with English portraits and French eighteenth-century furniture, one will delight in tours of the unique garden paradise established for the pure love of the botanical arts.


On the hillside along the 405 Freeway in Los Angeles, one may also enjoy walking along the elegant landscapes of the Skirball Cultural Center and Museum grounds and witness the serenity of the trees as Weeping Willows slope their leaves to the ground, and gentle breezes sway the branches of Sycamores, Oaks and Birch trees. Visit the Skirball Museum online at www.skirball.org, or enjoy a personal walk along the grounds and explore the tributes to culture at 2701 North Sepulveda, Los Angeles 90049.

Trees at the Skirball Museum and Cultural Center thrive and enjoy the mild California climate.


In San Diego, one enjoys walking through a vast museum complex housing 15 unique museums in Balboa Park, not to mention to the collection of rare cactus and enormous Eucalyptus trees (just to name one tree type out of numerous ones) which shade the paths leading from one museum to another.

Each of the locations I have mentioned or described here is where I personally walked through, witnessed, and or photographed sophisticated artistic tree landscapes of the California terrain.

The Roots of my personal anxieties: Why I care.

The impact of my meeting Joel Tauber coincided with an important event that took place for me way before I knew about his Sick-Amour Tree project and was what eventually led me to throw myself into this frenzied study of trees over this summer. Thus I do not necessarily consider myself struck by any of the Greek or Roman gods. I believe my influence came with a special awareness of the frailty of trees with this personal story:

A little over one year ago, on June 30th, 2007 I was walking our dog Sasha, around the block for one of our frequent walks. I rounded the corner to the next block when I was taken aback as I witnessed a set of ‘city’ crewmembers slaughtering what appeared to be a California Oak tree. I had grown quite fond of that particular Oak on my many walks while I was writing my first novel. As a matter of fact, I had used that model of tree to describe a forest of these trees in a chapter in my first fiction novel. I especially love the sculptured texture of the Mighty gnarly Oaks. This tree had been the one to rekindle my relationship with the trees of my imagination. My stomach got queasy when I saw how it was being destroyed. I would have thrown-up, but I got a hold of my emotions and took Sasha home. Not only did I return to the scene of the slaughter, but I brought my camera to document the death and dismemberment of this great oak; I was so distraught that I returned again to the site, without my camera this time, and begged the men to stop for a moment while I sought out the seeds for this tree. To my surprise, the men stopped and helped me search for the seeds.








When I got home, I had no idea what to do with the seeds. I called a couple of nurseries until a gentleman at a nursery in Marina del Rey explained to me that I had to wait until the pods dried up and slit to get at the seeds and plant them. So, I waited until the pods were black and wrinkled. I split them according to the directions I had gotten from this kind anonymous arborist. (He suggested a process much like that which squirrels have for cracking the pods.) I photographed the seeds and compared them with the larger seed of an apricot fruit tree and the seed of a maple tree.






Once properly documented, I planted them in a small brown pot. Two weeks later, the first seed came up. A few days later another seed appeared to take root. On the one-year anniversary of the re-birth day of this Great Knurly Oak tree, July 20th, 2008, I documented how large the great twin oaks had become. The highest little bitty branch was about fourteen inches tall. I estimated this tree had grown a little over an inch every month. A compassionate act of kindness yielded a new life on the impulse of grief. The impulse of grief affected not only me; there is an entire world of tree-lovers mourning the losses of their favorite tree friends in surrounding communities.












What about the subconscious feelings innate in developing a relationship with a tree? For instance, what draws people to want to save a particular tree? 

I can really only speak to my own experience in that my relationship with trees started when I was a child.

          â€œYouTuber” kelimesi Oxford tarafından resmi olarak kabul edildi        
Oxford Ä°ngilizce Sözlüğü (Oxford English Dictionary), YouTuber, hackathon ve Brexit‘in aralarında bulunduğu tam 500 yeni kelimeyi resmi olarak kabul ederek sözlükte yer verdi. YouTuber...
          interview with guenter schlienz        


Guenter Schlienz (Stuttgart, Germany) is known for his vast catalogue of tape & cdr releases on different great labels around the world – Sacred Phrases, SicSic, Goldtimers, Constellation Tatsu, etc. He is the man behind wonderful Cosmic Winnetou label, releasing all kinds of experimental/drone/ambient artists — maybe not as frequently as we'd like, but each time pleasing the taste of any tape music geek. Creating his minimalist compositions by means of d.i.y modular synths, tape loops and field recordings, Guenter achieves the serenity of classic ambient works, while keeping the vibe of 70s kosmische musik (think Cluster or Harmonia) and sometimes reaches the territories of academic minimalism, exploring the sound as ding an sich, inspiring the listener to invent its own narrative. Being part of Navel band since mid 90s, Guenter's place in music world has a long, but still almost unknown story which continues nowadays with further explorations of all kinds of ambient music.

~~~

Pied Paper: First of all, I'm curious about how it all started for you — ambient music, synth building, tape releases, etc. I know that you were involved in many other projects before, call you tell a bit about them too?

GS: phew, where did it all started… definitely many many moons ago. was active mid till end 90s in some heavy stoner psychedelic rock band. was the guy responsible for producing some "far out sounds" with his guitar and some delay pedal. so there already was this drone element in what i did. but far from recognizing it as this for myself. bit later during the same decade i did a session with a guy who did guitar and singing for another noise rock outfit. we just fiddled around with our guitars and with every pedal we could get our hands on. we recorded our very first session with some broken 4track and quite liked the results. after presenting the finished cdr people came back and reported "this is quite cool drone music". so yep, that's how we learned the name of this style. and after having the name we were able to dig deeper and learned names like Stars of the Lid, Flying Saucer Attack, Brian Eno etc pp. this guitar drone project of us is called Navel and we are still recording and doing live shows.

beginning of the 00's i quit doing this rock band stuff, so there was plenty time to do some other things. after getting introduced to all this amazing kraut and kosmische musik (during a navel live show in france by an english man, but that's another story) there was the idea to do some kind of electronic music solo. so i needed an instrument, and after bit of research i discovered that the schematics for some modular synthesizer would be something i could manage with the training in electronics i already had. so i started soldering, first quite simple filters, later more and more sophisticated modules.

the tapes, yep, fast forward to the end of last decade. stumbled over this tape scene thing by accident via the internet (god bless it). those days i was pretty frustrated and bored by the music all the labels and magazines i knew presented, so this occurred to me like a big relief. yes. so many people and projects and bands and labels are doing fantastic stuff, exactly the music i love, right at the moment, and sell it for very low money to people all around the world. yes! couldn't belief my eyes. that the favorite medium of all those labels and projects were cassettes don't really bothered me (of course i had this "ugh? on tape? strange…" moment like everybody else i guess), because i never really stopped using this media since my early childhood days.

I like to dramatize a bit some things some times, but this discovery of the tape label scene kind of saved my artistic live. it gave me so much energy and confirmation and countless hours of joy during listening sessions that i got the feeling that i have to give something back. hence i started my own tape label.


Pied Paper: Your music sounds almost academic sometimes, especially works as Organ Studies, Loop Studies and Furniture Sounds — which, as I understand is a homage to Eric Satie. But your name is strongly associated with "underground tape scene", as we call it. Did you ever thought about making your music open for the interpretations, to write it down on a paper maybe, letting the others perform it?

GS: huh, not sure if i my music sounds bit like academic music. for sure i'm quite interested in this genre, mean contemporary composers with "classical" musical education composing pieces for concert halls and operas and stuff. like their approach to their art through quite rigid concepts, their huge knowledge about musical structures and about music of many centuries and cultures. perhaps you see my enthusiasm for their rigidness shining through my stuff? that would be a compliment for sure, at least in my opinion. and of course, if there would be a small ensemble crazy enough to perform it, i would love to write a score for them (though not sure if i would like to conduct it). but i guess your name must be some lou reed or some other in the same league to be honored like this. actually i'm pretty sure that many of those academic contemporary composers would be happily release their stuff on tape if they would only know this special scene around it.


Pied Paper: It's clear that ambient music is a wide field for interpretation, same sound can be perceived in different ways depending on the artwork, liner notes, track titles, etc. Can you tell something about your own perception of your music? Does it have some stories within, or it's just abstract form which everyone can fill with its own meaning?

as you see in the answer of the last question i like some kind of concept around the music. and if this concept even gets its visual equal with the artwork i'm more than happy. so of course, there is a story in every piece. but hey, its music, its a form of art, so who am i to dictate what some listener and spectator wants to see in it? isn't it the very meaning of any art, that the consumer of it knits his very personal meaning to it?

actually i am not able to describe what i hear in my music anyway. for me the answer to this question would lead to some kind of poem, some painting, some huge novel, some dance or any other arty abstraction. in none of the mentioned techniques 'm very good at, so please, listen to the music.


Pied Paper: Imagine a situation when you someone asks you to create music with specific mood, theme, etc. — like for a movie scene or something — would it be easy for you? What you enjoy more - improvisation or composition?

already did this, i mean creating some music for a specific use (to earn some money), and hey, that is pretty hard work (and hard earned money)! to create some music without some customers needs to be satisfied, just the personal ones, isn't really easy to do as well, but much more gratifying for the soul. its an privilege to be able to do this, and i have a (pretty time consuming) bread and butter job to create the circumstances to fulfill it.

can't really separate those strategies during my performances, both live and during my recording sessions. its always a mixture of plan and being ready to include some coincidences respectively enlightenments. actually my believe is, gained through many observations and talks about such things, that nearly every work in which i am interested in is created this way.


Pied Paper: I know that you enjoy recording outdoor, do you have any specific set-up for this?

not really specific, the equipment just have to have some possibility to work battery driven. luckily my modulars fall into this category. just to improve the handling of such adventure i have build my modulars as small and compact as possible, and since a couple of months a work on some modules who will be included into some water proofed case.


Pied Paper: Probably you've noticed that releases of first wave of cassette drone/ambient in 2009-11 was mostly lo-fi and many of same artists still doing tapes nowadays came to much cleared and well-produced sound - is that natural growth or trying to be more "mainstream"?

yes, i'm aware of this development as well. i think it just was some other group of people with bit different background which had been running those labels you' mention. In those early days of the reemerging of this medium the leading actors had had mostly a background in the noise scene. hence the tape as favorite medium, hence the cheap and ugly aesthetics of the chosen instruments. these different (don't like to ad some other evaluative adjective) sounding tapes of lately are from people without this background, they just take over the torch and work with it out of their musical socialization. so in my opinion it is either "natural growth", this sounds like some kind of improvement who isn't any need for, nor a try to reach broader audiences. the good stuff of recently is produced by people who are just as true to their own style as their ancestors had been, and therefore it is as important and equal beautiful as the old stuff.


Pied Paper: As a label owner, can you tell how many demos you receive? Which kind of styles you receive most? I'm asking because it seems that ambient/psych/drone music isn't that popular anymore - I see tons of vaporwave/webpunk tapes at new-born labels, while such imprints as Stunned, Tranquility tapes, Goldtimers are long gone (or maybe it's just old man's talk, huh).

yes, and i'm very happy about it, i receive quite a lot of demos. always love to get some new sounds for my ears. mostly the artists are very good informed about the style of the music i usually release and about the aesthetics i'm interested in. perhaps you are right, there are less people out there which do their own style of ambient/psych/drone as perhaps eight years ago, but i'm not sure about that. and as i stated in the last paragraph i think those vaporwave labels and the like took the torch of the cassette celebration and run with it their own way. and this is a good thing. who needs the 16th or whatever version of the emeralds (insert here the name of your favorite release of those years)? isn't this exactly what have happened with pop and rock music and what makes this stuff sometimes unbearable to listen to?


Pied Paper: And what are your plans for the Cosmic Winnetou in the foreseeable future?

prepare my next batch right now which will be released in a couple of weeks. but after this 13th cosmic winnetou bundle of cassettes i will need a hiatus, unfortunately. i love to do the label work, but it is very time consuming. have lots of projects for this year, music and private stuff, so i have to pull the brakes to this project for this year. but really looking forward to restart the tape label with new ideas and energies end of this year.


Pied Paper: Do you ever think about future of music? Is it possible to invent something new, or we are doomed to retro-mania, returning to same tunes from different angles?

of course there will some day somebody release some music which haven't been heard before and will blow all of us completely into the void. don't know which day this will happen, but i'm pretty sure someday it will. just look around, not only the music is stuck into retro mode. clothing, hair style, performing arts, pictorial arts, industrial design, i think that in our days nearly every form of artefacts are done with quite old ideas, just a few new kind of tools here and there. the whole mood, you can call it "zeitgeist" if you like, is like "let's try to preserve what we have", not "perhaps this is a better idea for the future, let's work on it". in my opinion everything is linked together somehow, and we have this retro mania since the 90s, starting with this global change of the modus vivendi. but nothing is forever, so i'm sure this will change someday. these thoughts are just my 50cents about a very complex question. but yeah, i think about this, and love to exchange ideas about this kind of topic.


Pied Paper: Humans already sent some music with space probes - which titles would you choose for such mission? I know you won't choose Wagner, huh :)

really nice question, this is. indeed already thought about that, and i think the nasa did a quite good job with the "golden record" for the voyager mission. very good selection which shows how wonderfully diverse sounds humans are able to produce, and each and all of them aim at the listeners heart. but always wondered if it would be perhaps a good idea to send some field recordings of this strange planet into the void, and f so, which i would chose.

some people laughing, some people fighting, a mother singing her baby to sleep, the audience at a soccer game, a sundown at the shore of a calm sea with waves and cicades and everything? what else?


Pied Paper: Okay, that's it — you can send high fives here or add something if needed! Thank you!

hey, high five to you and many thanks for those questions! took my a while to type the answers, because you found some topics and ideas i love to share my thoughts on it. and of course many thanks for your support!

perhaps i would like to ad a big "thank you" to all the readers of those lines, time is precious and i'm happy that you waste it reading them. and a big "thank you" to all the people who listen to my music and perhaps even bought the cassettes and cds and vinyls with my music on it. to know that somebody out there cares about my music means a lot to me. hugs.

guenterschlienz.de

selected albums:
guenter's bandcamp
sterne uber der stadt
organ studies
tape studies
autumn



          Drumming and dance        
Today I am really wishing that I were one of those super-talented writers who can convey colour, rhythm, movement and passion just through words. Or that I could have taken some video to attach to describe yesterday evening.

I was walking home from a visit to my tailor, and could hear drumming. Extremely fast, staccato, poly-rhythmic drumming (done using sticks rather than with the hands), galloping to a crescendo at the end of each ‘song’ when all the drummers came together for the final “krak kraks”. I’ve heard this type of drumming before, but never tracked down the source as it echoes off the buildings, seemingly coming from one direction and then another depending on where you stand – and always, certainly, from some hidden private courtyard.

But this time I walked right past the source. The gate was slightly open and two women were peering through. I looked too – and it wasn’t more than a minute before a woman inside spotted the white face and so invited me in.

There was a group of four men drumming and a semi-circle of some forty women, dressed as only women from this part of the world can: long, floating layers of chiffon and satin in vibrant red, gold, purple, turquoise… They were seated, but every now and then one or two would stand up and go to the centre to dance. I knew I had been invited so that I could ‘perform’ for the women at some stage but also that it would be worth the embarrassment in order to watch the spectacle.

I’d heard of these women-only get-togethers where the women dance in a very sexy way, but could not have imagined the reality. The dancing is very vigorous, with some jumping and throwing the arms about, but mostly based around exaggerated shaking of the bottom and thrusting of the hips, whilst one hand holds up the fabric of the dress/skirts at the front – in many cases right up to crotch level. It was amazing to watch. There was even one veiled woman there, who kept her scarf covering her hair whilst she lifted her skirts above her knees and shook her stuff.

There was also call and response between the chief drummer and his troupe, clearly the drummed ‘songs’ had stories to them, but unfortunately all in Wolof so as usual I had not a clue about what was going on. Except that the evening was clearly about the women being able to display their sexuality to the full in the safe environment of a group of like-minded women.

I’m sure I looked very unsexy when I was dragged into the centre to dance – and I certainly didn’t lift up the front of my skirt (although I was glad to be wearing a bright yellow and black flowery skirt rather than my usual drab beige trousers)! Whilst up there a woman who’d done plenty of dancing quietly explained to me that she was the griotte and (traditional history and praise singer) and the drummers were her griots. I therefore had to make a financial offering to them – but CFA1,000 ($2) was enough, the same amount that I noticed other dancers were giving.

Eventually I made my quiet escape. I had hoped to find out more about the dance from colleagues, but all I could get is that it is called ‘taneuber’ – and is a version of the much better-known sabar dance that is performed in public by both men and women.


          Book Review - The Impact Equation by Chris Brogan and Julien Smith        
René Magritte Disclaimer: I have been a fan of these two guys for quite a few years now, and I loved their first book. So it may not come as a huge surprise that I am enjoying this one, too, which they were kind enough to send me as an advance copy free of charge.

Let's start with the first page. You know, the frontispiece, the one after the dedications and the table of contents. It says:

Ceci n'est pas un social networking book.

So what does this tell us? First of all, that these guys know their Belgian surrealists - that's a twist on a very famous painting, The Treachery of Images, by René Magritte. They are signalling to us that they are smart, funny and cultured. If we are in on that secret, that means we are smart, funny and cultured, too! A good start. The statement is accurate, too - it's not a book about social networking, although obviously said networks are an important tool in their arsenal.

I was more amused than illuminated by their attempt to quantify the social impact of a business, person or brand using an actual equation, where the variables make a cute mnemonic, no less:

    C x (R + E + A + T + E)

C = Contrast
R = Reach
E = Exposure
A = Articulation
T = Trust
E = Echo

These are all interesting and useful concepts, and they are nicely broken up into sections: Ideas (which includes Contrast and Articulation), Platforms (which includes Reach and Exposure) and Network (Trust and Echo).

It all makes consummate sense - you need to start with a good idea (with high contrast and well articulated, so people will get excited about it), but you need a platform to share it with the world (reach a lot of people and get them exposed to the ideas), and most importantly, you need a network of people who care and will share it with their friends, because you have built trust and you echo, or resonate, with their lives and concerns.

They talk about matters as abstruse as bravery in life and as concrete as mind-mapping, whether in the form of those oval thingies with tails or whole storyboards. The book is chock-full of fascinating stories, from the Dollar Shave Club to Instagram, and analyses all of these businesses to see how they measure up in terms of the Impact Equation.

One could argue that anybody who has been around on the Net long enough (and has read Seth Godin, Clay Shirky, Chris Garrett, et al.) could have come up with these criteria for success, but Chris and Julien sat down and clarified them for us, and for this we should all be profoundly grateful. That they also peppered their book with examples and good advice as to what has worked well for them makes it even better and more useful - but I really think their main contribution has been to put into words what so many have been struggling to articulate.

Oh, and their book is just snicker-out-loud funny sometimes. "Welcome to the new tools, same as the old. Only better, because you actually know what to do with them. It's almost like puberty all over again." OK, I'm juvenile. Shoot me.

In conclusion, I enjoyed The Impact Equation, and I would recommend it to anyone who is looking to make a mark out there in The World.

P.S. It's my 100th blog post! Yikes. How did that sneak up on me? Paaarty!
          We Look At New Campaign Money, New Ads And A New Poll        
A new poll shows surprising leads for the incumbents in the U.S. House and governor's races, new campaign ads in multiple races emerge in the final weeks, and gubernatorial candidate Greg Gianforte sets a new record for personal campaign financing. Sally Mauk, Chuck Johnson and Rob Saldin dig in to these issues and more in this episode of “Campaign Beat.”
          Thought for food.        
Like eating brains? I know you do. Why not add some new dishes to your collection of recipes that use the "fifth quarter?" Despite some negative cultural stereotypes, the practice of eating brains is common in cultures all over the world: Kat-a-Kat is a traditional Pakistani dish containing brains Maghaz Masala is an Arabic course Here is a recipe for Toscano calf brains In France they are known as Cerveaux Chef Mario Batali's restaurant Babbo serves a popular lamb's brains ravioli Sesos in Mexico Some great recipes for Spanish Tortilla Sacromonte Fried brain sandwiches can be found in St. Louis and the Ohio River Valley Australian Slippery Bob This recipe for carpetbag steak would be great with some brains subbed for the oysters Here is an ancient Roman recipe for calf's brains custard German brain soup and brains au gratin Croquettes Lebanese, Syrian and Jordanian recipe for brain omelets Vegan Mock Brains You may be wondering if eating brains is entirely safe. Besides being high in cholesterol, the brain is the main area where prions known to cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathy congregate in the body. In cows it's called Mad Cow disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), Scrapie in sheep, and Chronic Wasting Disease in deer and other wild game. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and Kuru are two forms of spongiform encephalopathy in humans. Kuru was intensely studied among the Fore tribe of Papua New Guinea from the 1950's to the 70's and it was determined that the high instances of it in the tribe were due to their ritual endocannibalistic funeral practices. It has been posited recently that a resistance to prionic diseases may have been selected for in our ancestors, suggesting that cannibalism was not uncommon. Also of interest to cephalovores may be the effects of aerosolizing pork brains and inhaling them, as were recently demonstrated in a pork plant in Austin, MN.
          Una vez aparecen en morder uñas        
Conducen a más tensión y un problema de tensión adicional de la función. Cómo dejar de morderse las uñas con un solo usted está empleado su cabeza, utilizando otro ha cuerpo y posee igualmente un gran efecto en la disminución de nuestras gamas de tensión. Es porque el momento que pusiste los dedos a la boca, usted conseguirá el inesperado estilo terrible y podrá rechazar le mucho que simplemente no necesita morder tus uñas más de largo.

Permite comenzar con el acto de colocación de la uña o dedo dentro de la boca, en el caso que se imagina que no es pobre, detener, reflexionar para el segundo. Otra vez se siente ansioso o presionado, participar en tener una bola de tensión o distraer a las palmas con otra cosa que es ciertamente reconfortante y no va a sostenerte en el borde de su asiento.

Desencadenar una reacción corporal perjudicial, dicen, ajustar una banda elástica versus la muñeca cada vez que atrapes, podría apoyarle para detener la rutina. Todavía será mejor si usted podría conseguir pero otro clavo mordiendo buddy para evitar morder demasiado, de esta manera es posible ayudar a inspirar a cada uno de los demás y conjuntamente son capaces de dividir la práctica.

Son capaces de utilizar un esmalte amargo en lo que sigue siendo de sus respectivos clavos. Así que ahora no suelen incluso tratar y asesorar a este pensamiento no se pudo realizar en su caso, simplemente porque eres un miembro de la douleur de la uña morder la cultura.Desnuda tonos de esmalte de uñas se ofrecen a su disposición que le apoyará con este tipo de problema.

Debido a que no ha habido ahora bordes duros para tentarme, podía preservarlos prolongada con cabo mordisqueando los pedacitos difíciles, además pude pintarlos en bastante esmalte de uñas que creó también parecen totalmente no las uñas que me había mordido anteriormente. Numerosos pinzas cortantes de uñas están inclinados a pensar que morder las uñas no es negativa para ellos. Hipnosis obliga a considerar la gestión y dividir sus comportamientos.

El daño comienza a ocurrir cuando uña de tipos tan modesta, morderlo daña cerca por carne, provocando dolor, o en un casos peor montón, sangrado. La altura de los hábitos es generalmente evidente en el momento de la pubertad. Al final encontrará algunos uso funcional en la mercancía de belleza costoso llamada esmalte de uñas del dedo.

Desnuda tonos de esmalte de uñas se ofrecen a su disposición que le apoyará con este tipo de dilema. Morderse las uñas es con frecuencia tiempo una rutina ansiosa, algo que haces una vez incluso un poco ansioso de emoción.

 Obviamente, no es sólo las uñas breves, desagradables y desfiguradas le preocupa porque su vida propia y experta ha ya sido negativamente afectada, también. A mi hermana del estado que crecí Mostrar desagrado por lo estaba considerablemente de un eufemismo y seguramente era bastante racking que reside en una casa donde argumentos terminaron una función día a día, y una persona fue casi generalmente en lágrimas como un resultado de la final de la conducta de nuestro padre.

El clavo morder es realmente un hábitos que sin duda está también situados en animales, particularmente de cachorros, demostrando un estado de histeria. ¿Se debe mantener sus uñas caza saludable, es considerablemente menos probablemente a morderlos.

El propósito de la es siempre a poco a poco conseguir su auto apagado la práctica sin producir modificaciones drásticas, obviamente sus uñas se buscar algo extraño junto con los crecimientos de uñas irregulares, pero se adhieren a cabo ya que probablemente se valorarlo.

Clavo morder es mucho menos de los síntomas de ansiedad o problemas psicológicos y aún más de su rutina pobre que ha se ha incubado al inconsciente por encima de varios años. Su generalmente popular método de gestión particulares interiores pensamientos, sentimientos, problemas, circunstancias o situación.

Después de empleados el empujador de cutícula dentro la manicura establecido presionar mis cutículas en términos podría. Conseguir una botella de sistema de uñas amargas que está específicamente formulado para ayudar a igualmente jóvenes y ancianos, dividir el comportamiento penetrante de uñas.

El primer proceso para terminar el clavo mordiendo hábitos va a ser para determinar las actividades reales y además situaciones durante el cual es una inclinación a morder las uñas. El más sencillo 1 conseguir un clavo transparente polaco que su área con sus uñas.

 Lamentablemente, sufrió numerosos problemas de salud, problemas coronarios del corazón, un coágulo a la mente, enfermedad de Parkinson, gota y así sucesivamente. El objetivo sería cambiar el comportamiento de morder las uñas con una particular que es mucho más constructivo. Clavo afilado y uñas arte no sólo es emocionante, pero muy inventiva al mismo tiempo.

Un número de personas como yoga, que también es un excelente ejercicio físico. También normalmente se logra cuando estás aburrido de lo contrario no tienes nada para llevar a cabo.

El clavo morder sanar que llevará a cabo en su caso será diferente, Considerando que no haya clavos morder el método de tratamiento funciona exactamente de la misma manera para todos. Dañados los poros y la piel con la cutícula – un uñero – pueden resultar contaminados cuando indebidamente eliminados así como el lugar que alrededor de las uñas pueden volverse rojo y angustiante. La mayoría de las personas que están tratando de detener el clavo morder con la electricidad de su voluntad por sí mismo Descubra en sus propias apropiado dentro de la práctica de rutinariamente.

En caso de estar sin duda una mujer es posible pintar las uñas y también tienen el objetivo de intentar parecer bueno el fin de semana. Dividir la rutina justo antes de que los dedos se rompen significativamente.

View the original article here
          Mucho más en cuanto a detener morder uñas        
Yo soy consciente del conocimiento, explotar para morder mis uñas tan breves que de hecho sangran. Hay una variedad de opciones que han sido diseñadas para ayudarle a salir de esta práctica dañina. Pero naturalmente lo que ocurre sólo algunas horas después, aunque su no incluso consciente contemplarla lo que ocurre es empezar a morder las uñas una vez más cuando la lucha de energía cae.

Cualquier profesional permitiría saber que los microbios viven por debajo de las uñas y uñas mordiendo trae sobre la transferencia de gérmenes de personas fuera de sus uñas para tu boca.

Entonces usted ciertamente debe asegurarse que usted escoger a alguien que está dispuesto a mantener factores personalizadas. Los médicos pueden recomendar posiblemente algunos fármacos antidepresivos o psicóticos o tal vez un remedio de mejorar con terapias conductuales.

 He sido un morderse las uñas verificado en tanto soy capaz de tener en cuenta. Como la fase que viene arriba para dejar de fumar clavo mordiendo, mantener constantemente un tablero de esmeril suave y crema hidratante. El título científico para morder uñas es persistente onychophagia. De acuerdo con el concepto freudiano, morder uñas puede ser un síntoma de fijación oral.


Fue siempre muy irritable y pobres templado en lugar de un chico de calor en la dirección de sus familiares en cualquier sentido. Este comportamiento es particularmente frecuente durante la infancia y la adolescencia, sin embargo, que se puede descubrir muy bien en todos los equipos de edad. Cuando se utilizan en las uñas, se desencadena al estilo amargo y feo y pueden evitar muchas personas piquen.

 Entre todos los comportamientos alcanzables, el individuo inconscientemente decidirán uñas que morder, teniendo en cuenta que este hábitos que además se encuentra en caninos y s probablemente instintivo.

He invertido en algunas placas de emery de alta calidad junto con un paquete de manicura y ponerlos en mi cartera. Instancias de presión, placer, aburrimiento o inactividad posiblemente pueden inducir a morder stopbitingyournailsnow.info. 1 º, vosotros debéis reconocer, tomar y enfrentar la situación.
El horrible sabor y olor es mucho más amplio que te ayudarán a no les gusta morder las uñas una vez más. Es, realmente, es por esto que a regañadientes escribió numerosos mensajes sobre este tema de uñas que morder.

Otras personas no busque esto para conseguir el clavo mordiendo el remedio que necesitan, y buscar apoyo de aparatos específicos de la boca o comportamiento educación. El principal problema en medio de las pinzas cortantes de clavo es siempre darse cuenta por qué exigen un remedio para su rutina evidentemente inofensivo de uñas que morder.

 Algunas técnicas para ayudar a detener el clavo morder son para colocar la cinta alrededor de los dedos, o vestirse con guantes. La elección para evitar morder uñas debe ocurrir a un nivel inconsciente. Cuando estamos joven conseguimos rutinas a menudo allí excelentes y también en otros casos no tan fantástico.

En caso de que su hijo sufre de este comportamiento que necesita para dejar claro que bien puede ser debido a la tensión o de otras ediciones. Excepto si y hasta podría han reconocido que sólo tienes una dificultad que tienes para buscar una respuesta, ni el mejor clavo mordiendo la solución hará cualquier bien para satisfacer sus necesidades. ¿Serás consciente cómo rápida podría ser liberarlo por ti mismo de todas esta cierta agonía, resolviendo prevenir su clavo mordiendo la conducta va por ello poner en práctica los hábitos de reducción oblicuo con el estado adverso.

En el minuto que uno mismo mordisqueando atrapes en sus uñas, obtienes para decidir qué ruta de movimiento para bajar. Haciendo trabajo recepcionista, empleo realmente mis dedos un poco para escribir, enviar, crear y así sucesivamente.

 El último tipo de histeria que acompaña el inicio de la pubertad calificados prospectos a morder entre adolescentes.

 Efectivamente, mi respuesta tendría que ser que realmente no sabré para particular precisamente por qué o Cuándo comenzó, pero como yo sé que yo solía ser un joven niño, cuando lo hizo, creo que podría realmente son provocados por la realidad que crecí en una familia donde mi padre era cincuenta y seis años anteriores después de que yo nací.

View the original article here
          Purple Rain        
Who remembers back in the late nineties/early noughties, when purple was the colour to deck out your room, adorn yourself and paint your nails in if you happened to be a girl aged nine to thirteen with a penchant for Mizz Magazine, lava lamps and wavy, silver-framed mirrors? It was cooler than liking the Barbie-reminiscent, childhood-connotative pink, yet still feminine enough to be girly without having the tomboyish reference of blue. I think my first style encounter with purple as a 'cool', I'm-not-a-kid-anymore colour, was when, aged nine, I persuaded my mum to buy me a sequin-covered, satiny pair of low strappy heels from Tammy Girl to wear at the school disco. The more my mum shook her head at the Spice Girl-esque shoes with their miniture heels and repeated that they were too old for a girl my age, the more I inevitably wanted them, until finally she gave in, making me possibly the happiest nine year old girl on the planet. I thought I would love those shoes forever.

After that, purple was officially my favourite colour. I proclaimed a strong dislike for baby pink, adorned my eyelids with cheap purple eyeshadow from Boots and became the height of cool (or so I thought) by wearing those hideous stretchy plastic neck chokers from Claire's Accessories (remember those, girls??) Like any other self respecting pre-teen my age, when I was eventually allowed to have my room decorated in a colour of my choice, I went to town with an entirely lilac and silver colour scheme (FYI- our house resembled a building site for most of my pre-teen years, when we lived in a tent in the back of our garden whilst the entire roof was taken off and put back on again, before moving back in and living with bare plastered walls and glassless windows covered in plastic sheeting for a considerable amount of time, so finally having an actual room with painted walls was kiiiind of a huge deal for me).

It was about the time I approached the age of fourteen, when I became a teenager overnight, that purple was suddenly no longer en-vouge. No longer content to listen to Dido CDs on my silver stereo whilst I crimped my hair and told ghost-stories to my friends on my purple, star-scattered duvet, I filled my days with reading melodramatic romance novels (The Thorn Birds, anyone?) watching hip-hop stars shake their bootys on MTV and lusting after miniscule items of fabric resembling clothing from stores like Clobber and Jane Norman (I know- the memory still haunts me today!) My desire to fit in and to become 'popular' and fanciable took over, and pink was suddenly acceptable again.  I adorned my planner with stereotypical-heartbroken-misunderstood-teen song lyrics, inked carefully in bubblegum pink gel pen, and drew felt-tipped coloured pictures of Disney Princesses to impress the popular girls (whose year eleven planners were covered in Disney Shop sticky-tape, printed with the pretty faces of Belle, Ariel, Jasmine, Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella). I found a new relatability in the Disney princess films I'd watched as a child, suddenly able to fully appreciate the romance of being whisked into jasmine-scented night air on a magic carpet and into a diamond-studded sky by the handsome Aladdin. When I was sixteen, Barbie pink, Disney Princesses and girly memorabilia suddenly became cool again, whilst my sequin covered purple shoes were probably donated to a charity shop along with the purple dress with black lace overlay that I wore to celebrate the millennium. Having fully embraced my girly side again, I unashamedly sprayed my hair with magenta streaks, built up a collection of candy-coloured tops, skirts and dresses and lusted after boys in pink Hacket polos and pink-striped lacoste shirts. When I was finally allowed to re-decorate my room again, just before my GCSEs, the look was full-blown baby pink and black: think baby pink satin curtains edged with black beading and pink satin headboard embroidered with the outline of a black lace heart. Pink was in again, and I incorporated it into my makeup draw, pencil case, and of course, wardrobe. From the ages of fourteen to the age of around nineteen, I don't think I wore one single purple item.

Since then, purple has slowly began to filter back into my style radar, and these days, being someone who is no longer limited by the desire to fit in as I was in my adolescence, I find that there is space in my closet for anything which happens to be inspiring me at the current moment, weather or not it's 'in'. My re-introduction to purple has began slowly, with a sparkly vintage indigo slip here and a deep mauve, slightly shimmery Mac lipstick there (it's called Violetta, btw, and it's my new best friend.)

Just lately I've begun to be more and more inspired by the colour purple, and seduced by it's mystical, magical connotations. To me, as well as being the colour of my child-to-teen transition years, purple is the colour of night, mystery and magic. It's the colour of a star- filled, inky-dark night sky, a velvety smooth, gently rippling ocean and, correct me if I'm wrong, but I'm pretty sure it's the colour of Dumbledore's moon-and-star covered cloak in the first Harry Potter book. What's more- for some reason- purple to me is also the colour that I feel best epitomizes the whole Harry Potter Series- that feeling of snuggling on the leather sofas on a humid day in our old playroom in summer whilst a thunderstorm rages against the rain-washed windows, that feeling of smelling the summer rain mixed with that distinctive, comforting musty smell of the pages of a book whilst reading about Hogwarts and Honeydukes and the Three Broomsticks- that magical, cosy feeling is inescapably and undeniably purple. And since I have been re-reading the entire Harry Potter Series almost every summer since I was eleven as a kind of tradition, I am currently starting again on The Prisoner of Azkaban, which is making me feel in a thoroughly purple mood indeed.

Purple also reminds me of violets, which I think are some of the most beautiful, vibrant-petaled flowers there are. Right now in our garden, an array of lovely, jewel-toned purple flowers have recently burst into bloom, and when you look outside at dusk, it's like this muted lush green backdrop, scattered with dots of bright, vivid, purple that just seem to glow ultra-violet, like gems in the dimness.          

These are all the things that are collectively inspiring me right now, and making me fall a little head over heels for the deep, mystical, night-sky shade. Not to mention that my uber-stylish friend Justine recently wore out a sparkly purple vintage top as a dress which I am a tiny bit obsessed with. As any readers of my previous posts will know, I have a major thing for vintage and also for anything sparkly, so if it's sparkly, vintage and purple, then you really can't get any better. Right now I love the idea of throwing on a sparkly, over-sized top/dress, teaming it with mega heels, tonnes of necklaces and long, wavy, free flowing hair. Here are some pictures that capture my current purple haze:

Our garden at dusk, taken by me just after the rain had fallen:

  There's nothing like getting stuck into Harry's magical world for some mystical fashion inspiration worthy of Professor Trelawny (I get so inspired reading about her many glittering necklaces and strings of beads draped over layered-up, spangled shawls as she gazes into a crystal ball).

From left: sparkly vintage top from Rokit, sheer lace purple blouse- gift from a vintage modeling shoot, purple dress, from a vintage shop in London

These pics are all from the modeling shoot I recently did- sadly none of the clothes are mine, but these potfits were two of my favourites!
Me wearing sparkly purple top, Rokit Vintage, Bomber jacket, Rokit Vintage, levis cut-offs, Rokit Vintage, booys, Topshop

Hop you all enjoyed the post...:-) xxxxxxxxxxx
          You Stole My Heart At Seventeen...The Story of a Vintage Love Affair        
Stepping into the treasure trove, you pause for a moment to take it all in. All around you are rails upon rails of odd, unevenly placed garments, shelves and shelves of battered, elegantly pointed shoes and heaps of quilted handbags in all the colours of the rainbow. Immediately you are hit with that musty, faded smell which is simultaneously stale and yet somehow strangely comforting- like the soft, enveloping smell of a beloved Grandapent's home that isn't unpleasant and yet, unmistakeably signifies 'oldness'. You move deeper into the dustiness of the shop, running your hands over the rows of hanging fabric, scanning the room for those glints of sparkle or pops of print, the ones that catch your eye and flirt with it outrageously, twinkling or calling at you to touch them, hold them, try them against your skin in the mirror- just to see. You run your hands over age-yellowed lace with delicately scalloped edges, fondle the fronds of the flowing fabric of a 1950s prom dress, feast your eyes on cute-as-a-button pearl embellishment...Welcome to the world of vintage shopping.

    The first vintage item I ever bought was a little red printed sundress from Peekaboo Vintage at Topshop, when I was seventeen, about to turn eighteen. It was sixty five pounds, and it was from the Topshop in Bromley, when the store had only just moved to its new location, and they had one rail on the top floor of vintage clothes. It was my first encounter with vintage, and I fell in love with the uniqueness of the items right away. I thought that the dress was expensive, and it took a big chunk out of the holiday allowance that my mum had given me for my first holiday away with my boyfriend. But I didn't care. I had to have it, and it was worth every single penny. I still wear it every summer to this day.

At the time, the high-street was overflowing with smock- tops and empire line dresses. I'd searched high and low, but for the life of me, could not find a summer top or dress that didn't make me look like I was pregnant. (For the record, I'm not personally a fan of the empire-line). I was desperate, I mean DESPERATE for a dress that cinched in at the waist. Since the revival of waisted belts in 2005, something which I had never encountered before in my life-time, I had fallen in love with the idea of defining my waist. There was always the option of belting a smock with a waisted belt, but it didn't achieve that cute but sexy 1950's hourglass shape that I was after. When I found the row of Peekaboo Vintage clothes, I felt like I'd stumbled upon a little piece of heaven. Ok, so the clothes were pricey, but they were beautiful. They came in all sorts of wacky colours, cutesy prints and figure- enhancing shapes that I'd never really seen anywhere else on the highstreet. These clothes were funky; they were edgy, and best of all, they were just different.

I will never forget the feeling that I had that day after trying on that dress, of milling around Topshop, picking out colourful neon holiday pieces (I was in love with the nu-rave look, and had just discovered electric blue), with the little red sundress flung over my arm. I felt like I'd discovered a hidden gem; I had finally found a dress that showed off my waist and no one else in the whole wide world had the exact same one. None of my friends owned anything like it, and I knew that it would make me feel like a pin-up amid a sea of identical smock dresses. As I picked out the rest of my holiday wardrobe with the money I had over, I could smell my new pink Johnson's 24 hour moisture hand cream. To this day, when I smell that hand cream, I am seventeen about to turn eighteen again, browsing the rails in Topshop in Bromley, an array of colourful clothes hanging off of each arm, and feeling like the luckiest girl in the world because I am about to be whisked off on my first grown-up holiday with my first proper boyfriend.

Since that day, my love of vintage has just grown and grown. I've learned a lot about it too- what suits me, where to shop, and what kind of price I should be paying (you wouldn't catch me paying 65 quid for a cheaply-made sundress these days!) There is something so satisfying about going into a shop and digging out an undiscovered beauty that nobody else has noticed yet, hiding beneath a pile of musty old scarves in the 'everything for a fiver' bin. I am aware of the argument that these days, whilst vintage dressing was originally  a reaction against mass-produced clothing and mainstream style, it has now become so popular and on-trend that it has started to become mainstream in itself. However, I would argue that, whilst you might get girls walking around in Brick Lane with a similar sense of style- no two outfits are ever the same. I don't care what you say about the way vintage lovers dress- you'll never see someone in an identical dress/coat/skirt/top walking past you in the street, or see someone who has put their outfit together in exactly the same way you have. That's another thing- girls you see in East London who dress in vintage are so much more experimental with their hair and makeup, that everyone has such a totally outlandish and unique look.

What's more- vintage clothing is so varied and spans so many decades, that it allows you to be so much more creative in the way you put it together. You can go for a top-to-toe vintage look which perfectly emulates the style of a specific decade, mix vintage pieces together from different decades to totally put your own spin on the look, or mix vintage with high-street and/or designer pieces.

To be honest though, I think what appeals to me most about vintage is that it proves that clothes aren't just clothes, as so many people think. All of the clothes that you buy have a story behind them, and vintage clothes especially, because not only do they have your story behind them, but they also have someone else's story before you. Everything in my wardrobe has a story. Everything is special. Maybe it's just me with my romantic ways, sentimentalizing the clothes, and maybe it's because I am a writer and a lover of stories...but it's why I just can't bring myself to throw away the stacks of rainbow-hued, high heeled shoes I have mouldering away in a drawer under my bed. They are all hideously outdated now, not to mention battered and worn, and are actually about a fraction of the height of the heels I wear now (no one embraced the birth of the sky-scraper like I did!) But I can never throw them away. To me, they represent my acceptance of being tall and being proud of it for the first time in my life. Each pair has it's own special story.  It's like a little piece of the magic I felt when I wore them is still encased within each pair, like the magic in Dorothy's ruby slippers. They represent a time of happiness, a time of freedom, friendship, sixth form parties, underage drinking at Amadeus nightclub and hair extensions...I have a whole drawer of ruby slippers, and I can't ever throw that away.  

So, now that I've won you over to the joys of vintage, let me take you on a little account of my recent vintage adventures...

I recently payed a little visit to my favourite vintage shop, Rokit, which is pricey for vintage, but has such an amazing collection of pieces that you don't even have to rifle through to find something decent. I like to think of Rokit as vintage shopping made easy. I get generally the same feeling in there that I do in Topshop and Urban Outfitters, that I love EVERYTHING on the rails and want to take it all home...


 Outside the Covent Garden store

    Inside one of the Brick Lane stores
Moi, showing off my bags of purchases outside the Covent Garden Store way back in the lovely summer (God, I'd actually forgotten what sunshine looked like!)

So here's what I bought: an amazingly sweet white/cream summer dress which enables me to work the all-white trend I wrote about in my last post (plus- it was only £16 in the sale!), a cute headscarf and a faded green blouse.

Here I am rocking the scarf and blouse! I wore it to uni today.
I actually wanted to wear this outfit with sheer black tights- maybe patterned- with little beige ankle socks, and with the blouse knotted, but it's WAY too cold for thin leg coverage and midriff-exposure, so I had to settle for the tucked in option and the good old black opaques. Sigh.

After my Rokit rendezvous, I popped into Urban Outfitters and found this AMAAAZING book on how to do vintage hairstyles! I snapped it up immediately.
How amazing is this book?! I actually feel like it was made for me. Watch this space for 40's victory rolls and 50's peekaboo waves!

After that. I set off home back to Orpington and headed straight for one of the charity shops in the Highstreet I'd popped into a few days before after work. I'd seen an adorable little cream lace blouse in there which was only FOUR POUNDS. It was another one of those things that I saw, left, and then couldn't stop thinking about! I wore it to my night out on Friday to an uber-trendy bar in Brick Lane, called 93 Feet East. What do you think?
Blouse: Charity shop in Orpington Highstreet
Skirt: Topshop
Ankle Boots: Miss Selfridge
Belt: Vintage from Rokit
Bag: Charity shop in Orpington Highstreet
Eyelashes: Mac
Fur coat: Vintage from Ebay.

To add to my brilliant day of shopping, I even discovered another gorgeous little vintage-esque blouse in the charity shop which I'd failed to notice before! It was just as cute as some of the blouses I'd seen in Rokit (all £20) but this one was THREE POUNDS! Now is that a bargain or what? Plus, it's for a good cause :-)
Here it is:
I'm still totally obsessed with ice-cream shades in muted tones as a way to ease my wardrobe into Sping, so when I saw this vintage blouse for only a fiver in Beehive today, I snapped it up:
It may not look like much here, but trust me, once I've styled it up, this will look adorable :-)

I hope you enjoyed the story of how my heart was stolen by a vintage dress, and why I've never looked back....

love and kisses,
The Porcelain Princess xoxo
          Scharfblick, Witzblick und Rückblick        
DI, 21.03.2017, 16.00 Uhr: Wenn „Blicke“ im Radio angesagt sind, dann sollte man seine Ohren weit öffnen. Unter dem Titel „Was ihr schon immer wissen wolltet“ präsentieren SchülerInnen des BRG Fichtnergasse Radiobeiträge zu selbstgewählten Themen. Zu hören ist Wissenswertes zu Pferden und zu PC-Spielen. Außerdem erfahren wir mehr über ‚crazy animals‘, über Zubereitung von Mahlzeiten, […]
          Jugendwelten – Infos, Sprachen und mehr        
DI, 24.01.2017, 16.00 Uhr: Die SchülerInnen der 1BK und der 1 DK aus der Business Academy Donaustadt präsentieren selbstgewählte Themen und Überlegungen, die sie beschäftigen und die mit ihrer Lebenswelt zu tun haben. Die Inhalte der mitunter sehr flotten und eloquenten Gesprächsrunden sind u.a. Schönheitswahn, Youtube und Youtuber, Vorurteile gegenüber Jugendlichen, Persönliches zu Fußball, Wurzeln […]
          Jugendwelten – (selbst)kritische und informative Einblicke / Teil 2        
Die SchülerInnen der 1BK aus Business Academy Donaustadt präsentieren selbstgewählte Themen und Überlegungen, die sie beschäftigen und die mit ihrer Lebenswelt zu tun haben. Die Inhalte der mitunter sehr flotten und eloquenten Gesprächsrunden sind u.a. Schönheitswahn, Youtube und Youtuber, Vorurteile gegenüber Jugendlichen, Persönliches zu Fußball, Wurzeln von SchülerInnen, Krieg und Flucht sowie um die Kindheit. […]
          Blood test developed by Oxfordshire company to be used in France        
OXFORD Immunotec’s T-Spot blood test for tuberculosis has been approved for use by doctors in France.
          Hibiscus: os segredos desse chá!        

CLAUDIO AMORIM MED EMAGRECIMENTO

Provavelmente alguém já chegou perto de você e comentou sobre o chá de hibiscus; não é mesmo? Então, lhe veio aquela pergunta à mente – “afinal, o que é hibiscus ou hibisco”?

Bom. Realmente diversas pessoas estão fazendo uso do chá de hibiscus por diversos motivos.

Aqui neste post, você vai descobrir o que é hibiscus e quais são os segredos desse chá que, inclusive, muitas famosas como Letícia Spiller e Fernanda Souza estão tomando para ostentarem uma barriguinha chapada e manter o corpo “sequinho”.

Confira!

O consumo de chás

Beber chás é um costume europeu que chegou ao Brasil em função das tradições indígenas que utilizavam ervas como forma de cura. Daí em diante, o consumo desta bebida continuou a crescer assim como a variedade de sabores e diversos benefícios.

Há aquelas pessoas que tomam chá pelo sabor, já outras optam pelos ingredientes menos conhecidos investindo nos benefícios que os chás oferecem à saúde.

Um dos chás mais consumidos atualmente é o de hibiscus que tem um sabor mais agradável e pode ser ingerido quente ou gelado.

Hibiscus – o que é e para que serve?

Hibiscus é uma planta que possui flores e folhas exuberantes. A bebida é preparada com o caule seco da flor chamada Hibiscus Sabdariffa, e é a preferida de quem está buscando emagrecer.

A principal responsável pela redução do acúmulo de gordura corporal é a ação antioxidante do chá que contribui significativamente para você perder gordura na região dos quadris e do abdômen.

Isto ocorre porque um dos benefícios do chá de hibiscus se encontra na capacidade que ele tem de diminuir a adipogênese, um processo em que as células pré-adipócitas do seu corpo se transformam em adipócitas maduras (adipócitas=gordura) que fazem você engordar.

Hibiscus – os segredos desse chá!

O hibiscus é rico em nutrientes como magnésio, cálcio, fósforo, potássio, vitamina B2 e vitamina B1. Além disso, seu sabor é levemente adocicado dispensando o uso de açúcar ou adoçantes.

Todos estes nutriente fazem com o que o chá de hibiscus te ofereça diversos benefícios:

  • Ajuda seu corpo captar energia nas células auxiliando no metabolismo da glicose e do oxigênio, principais fontes de combustível celular.

  • Tem ação diurética contribuindo para eliminar os líquidos que causam inchaço e retenção.

  • Por ser rico em antioxidantes, o chá de hibiscus previne o envelhecimento precoce e doenças do coração.

  • Auxilia na redução da pressão sanguínea.

  • Tem ação termogênica, o que te ajuda a perder peso.

  • Reforça o sistema imunológico.

  • Alivia dores musculares.

  • Auxilia na saúde dos cabelos, pele e ossos.

  • Proporciona ação anti-inflamatória.

O chá de hibiscus também emagrece porque possui um inibidor que impede a produção de amilase, a enzima que transforma o amido em açúcar. Assim, tomar esta bebida após as refeições vai te ajudar a diminuir a absorção de carboidratos, o que gradualmente te levará a emagrecer.

Segundo pesquisas, os flavonoides presentes no chá de hibiscus possuem efeito vasodilatador e cardioprotetor. Desta forma, as substâncias elevam o colesterol bom (HDL), reduz o colesterol ruim (LDL) e diminuem a pressão arterial e triglicérides.

Como consumir o chá de hibiscus para emagrecer

Se você for fazer o chá de hibiscus a partir da flor a granel:

  • Coloque para ferver 200 ml de água (não aqueça muito para não perder as propriedades da flor).

  • Desligue o fogo e acrescente 5 gramas da flor seca.

  • Tampe e deixa descansar entre 3 a 5 minutos.

  • Coe e beba.

Especialistas recomendam que ao fazer uso deste chá de hibiscus para emagrecer, você consuma 1 ou 2 xícaras de 200 ml por dia. A cada xícara utilize de 4 a 6 gramas da flor seca, o que equivale a uma colher de chá.

Para potencializar o efeito da perda de peso adicione um alimento termogênico ao chá, como canela, hortelã ou gengibre; pois enquanto o hibiscus evita o acúmulo de gordura o segundo te ajuda a manter o gasto calórico.

Gostou?

Portanto, agora que você descobriu os segredos do chá de hibiscus acrescente-o em sua dieta. É uma maneira de perder o excesso de gordurinhas que te incomoda e ficar com um corpo mais bonito. Lembre-se de sempre ter uma alimentação saudável e praticar exercícios físicos.

E VOCÊ? Já ouviu FALAR SOBRE o MED: PROGRAMA REVOLUCIONÁRIO DE EMAGRECIMENTO DEFINITIVO!

E então? O que você acha desta ótima estratégia para emagrecer? Comente!

Um forte abraço.


          Pospa a jeho chlastacia challenge (15+)        
Mali sme tu už niečo také kde vo videu mladý youtubery pili alkohol ? Zrejme nie , práve tu sa môžete pozrieÅ¥ na chalanov ktorý sa toho nebáli a hneď do toho natočili challenge kde chlastajú vo veľkom. Hlavný aktér a youtuber Pospa alebo Marek Pospíšek y kanálom Pospa Plays dáva takéto videá celkom často […]
          Pavel Prymerau – Nové tváre Youtube scény        
Pavel Prymerau sa zameral na tvorbu ostatných začínajucich youtuberov aj napriek tomu že on sám je v podstate začiatočník. Rozpovie vám o kanáloch na ktoré natrafil a akú tvorbu obsahujú. Pozrite si tohoto nádejného chlapca, ktorý má zrejme inšpiráciu od Goga. Myslíme si že vás zaujme tak isto ako nás.
          Zrebný a Frlajs – Keď nemáš rád Valetín        
Zrebný a Frlajs kvalitou svojich videí jednoznačne ukazujú , že aj slovenský youtuberi vedia robiť dobré videá. A toto je jedno z nich v ktorom vám ukážu ako u nich prebieha Valentín a určite aj u niekoho z vás. Takže sa pohodlne usaďte a čeknite to.
          John Tamny Joins FreedomWorks' New Center for Economic Freedom        

FreedomWorks today announced that John Tamny will join FreedomWorks and serve as the director of the organization’s Center for Economic Freedom.

The Center for Economic Freedom will have a special focus on promoting policies that get government out of the way and allow Americans to keep more of what they earn, while highlighting the dangers of overregulation and protectionism.

John Tamny will lead the Center for Economic Freedom. John has been the political economy editor at Forbes and the managing editor at RealClearMarkets since 2002. He is an author of two books related to his specialization in economics: Popular Economics: What the Rolling Stones, Downton Abbey, and LeBron James Can Teach You about Economics (Regnery Publishing, 2015) and Who Needs the Fed?: What Taylor Swift, Uber, and Robots Tell Us About Money, Credit, and Why We Should Abolish America's Central Bank (Encounter Books, 2016).

Among other projects, John will begin his time at the Center for Economic Freedom with a weekly Facebook Live called “Not Fake News” to highlight the very real facts about what our federal and state governments are doing to slow our economy and dampen American entrepreneurship.

“John is a brilliant mind and seasoned expert in his field, and we are excited to have him working with us to promote economic freedom,” said FreedomWorks President Adam Brandon. “He is a great addition to our already stellar team, helping us to spread our message for free markets and limited government even further.”

John Tamny said, “FreedomWorks expertly enhances the terms of the U.S. policy discussion, and in doing so is constantly changing the course of policy in Washington for the better. I'm thrilled to add my voice to an organization that is on any short list of Washington's most influential.”

“In the coming years, I'll be publishing various books and hundreds of opinion pieces meant to expand FreedomWorks' already substantial voice. The fight for economic freedom is of singular importance, and I'm excited to be a part of an organization that will continue to advance these freedoms,” Tamny added.


          GÓIS 2007 - NA CAPITAL DO CEIRA        









Nº69 MOTO REPORT Setembro 2007

Com a gentil colaboração do S. Pedro, que expulsou a chuva para outras paragens entre 16 e 19 de Agosto, Góis foi o ponto de encontro para milhares de motociclistas que se fizeram à estrada para um fim-de-semana de animada confraternização, desfrutando de uma belíssima paisagem natural e uma banda sonora com muito Rock. Com estes condimentos, e muitos outros, o resultado não podia ser melhor. A viagem até Góis vale sempre a pena!

RIO CEIRA
O Rio Ceira, que atravessa todo o recinto, com as suas sombras e açudes, será sempre o ex-líbris da Concentração de Góis. O vale do Ceira, com as várias praias fluviais, as piscinas naturais da Lousã, o Rio Alva, na zona de Arganil e a barragem de Santa Luzia na Pampilhosa da Serra, são excelentes locais para refrescar. Para alguns, à falta de um guronsan para a ressaca, sempre se pode dar um mergulho logo pela manhã. O efeito é praticamente o mesmo…


9.º BIKE SHOW
Durante a tarde de sábado, as repousantes sombras do Parque do Cerejal serviram, uma vez mais, de palco para uma boa mostra de motos transformadas, contando, mais uma vez, com a excelente organização do MC Aço na Estrada. Este ano, o local escolhido para a exibição das motos a concurso foi num cenário militar.

Classificação por categorias
RAT - 2.º Francisco – Kawasaki, 1.º Costinha – Yamaha XJ 700 - STRANGE - 2.º António Martins – Suzuki Bandit 600, 1.º Sérgio Silva – Honda Modo - STREETFIGHTER - 3.º Jorge Bastos – Honda CBR 600, 2.º Luís Ribeiro – Suzuki RF 600, 1.º Alexandre Magalhães – Honda Hornet 600 - CUSTOM - 3.º Mr. Lobo – Honda Shadow 600, 2.º Nando – Horex, 1.º João Santos – Yamaha XV1600 Wild Star - HARLEY - 2.º Costinha – H-D Sportster, 1.º Padacha – H-D Night Train - CHOPPER - 3.º Marco Vasco – Zundapp Ecila, 2.º Carlos Cruz (Patinhas) – Yamaha DT 125 MX, 1.º Estrondo – Estravagancia, BEST PAINT - Mr. Lobo – Honda Shadow 600, BEST BIKE - João Santos - Yamaha XV1600 Wild Star


XUTOS & PONTAPÉS
Chave de ouro a fechar as actuações no palco principal.
Após 28 anos de carreira, o tempo parece não passar por eles. Com o recinto a abarrotar, brindaram o imenso público com um concerto grandioso fazendo, inclusivamente, três encores. Um palco bem iluminado, decoração interessante (uma Jukebox insuflável), grande presença, uma atitude altamente positiva, e claro, um rol de excelentes canções, foram os trunfos lançados por Tim, Zé Pedro, Gui, Kalú e João Cabeleira na noite de sábado. Os temas do reportório são autênticos hinos para várias gerações. Por tudo o que significam para a música em Portugal, mas também pelo exemplo que são de determinação, confiança e respeito pelo próximo, os Xutos & Pontapés merecem sempre o carinho com que o público os acolhe.

UHF
Quase a completarem 30 anos de existência, António Manuel Ribeiro, alma e mentor da banda, presenteou-nos com um espectro de canções que abrange todos os períodos da banda. Desde o seminal “Cavalos de Corrida” até ao último sucesso “Matas-me Com o Teu Olhar”. A banda, que na verdade foi a mãe do movimento “Rock Português”, agitou o público fazendo-o vibrar com a actuação.

IRIS c/ Orquestra Ensemble Petrov
Directamente do Algarve, os Iris fizeram-se acompanhar pela Orquestra Ensemble Petrov, que emprestou uma sonoridade sinfónica às composições originais e às versões que os Iris habitualmente tocam ao vivo. Domingos Caetano, guitarrista virtuoso, e vocalista de voz aguda, influenciado pelo som que ouviu na juventude nos anos 80 (Hard-Rock e Heavy-Metal), terminou o espectáculo dedicando a emocionante versão do famoso “Adágio” de Albinoni a todos os motociclistas que já partiram.

BUNNY RANCH
Extravagantes até mais não! Este colectivo de Coimbra, que foi buscar o nome à mundialmente famosa “casa de meninas” em Nevada, EUA, aposta num Rock’N’Roll competente que, por vezes, parece beber influências da sonoridade Rockabilly dos anos 60. O vocalista – Kaló – é precisamente o baterista, toca de pé, e dá-lhe com uma força impressionante. Parecia até estar “possuído”…

QUEM É O BOB?
Como toda a regra tem a sua excepção, os “Quem é o Bob?” foram a única banda no palco principal a não interpretar Rock. Mas souberam compensar-nos bem. Este projecto de Leiria é um grupo de tributo a Bob Marley & The Wailers e bastava escrever isso para dizer quase tudo. Prestar homenagem à música reggae é sinónimo de boa disposição, “boa onda” e de “tá-se bem”. Porém, os “Quem é o Bob?” acrescentam, ainda, a experiência de dois anos de estrada, espectáculos em semanas académicas em Leiria, Abrantes ou Évora e músicos de primeira craveira que, normalmente, acompanham David Fonseca, Wonderland ou Pop Del Bar.

STONE
Banda de covers, os Stone são um colectivo com boa presença e som possante que aqueceu o público que se assomava ao recinto da concentração na noite de sexta-feira.

DESPORTOS E ANIMAÇÃO RADICAL
Este ano a oferta, embora menos “violenta” (sim porque o bungee jumping do ano passado não era para todos…), foi mais variada. As opções disponíveis eram o Laser Tag, Sky Bike, Orbit Ball, Human Loop, Parede de Escalada e Slide.

PASSEIO / DESFILE
O habitual passeio, em velocidade reduzida, terminou em desfile pelas ruas da vila de Góis, fazendo-se assim a despedida até ao ano seguinte. É sempre um momento que atrai muito a atenção da população, por serem centenas de motos a desfilar, das mais bonitas às mais bizarras.

TASQUINHAS
Vários restaurantes, com extensas esplanadas, onde se pôde apreciar a boa e variada gastronomia beirã. Uma excelente oportunidade para uma pausa, num ambiente calmo e sereno, saboreando um bom vinho em convívio com os amigos.

FEIRA
A habitual e procurada feira onde é possível encontrar de tudo, desde as farturas aos fatos de cabedal, de algumas novidades do sector motociclístico às representações de clubes.

TATTOOS
Inseridos no espaço da Feira, este ano havia ainda mais tatuadores do que no ano passado, ou não fosse este um clássico complemento do visual motard. De dia e de noite, eles perpetuavam a sua arte nos corpos dos participantes. Era visível a satisfação dos clientes, quando a tatuagem ficava finalmente pronta. Qualquer resquício da dor provocada pela agulha era eliminado nesse momento. E dizem que o mal é começar! Depois de feita a primeira tatuagem, não faltarão novas ideias para as próximas.

TENDA ELECTRÓNICA
Depois das actuações no grande palco, a tenda electrónica garantiu a animação pela noite dentro com excelentes DJ’s. O mote era pôr todo o tipo de pessoal “a bombar”, e pelo que vimos, o objectivo foi atingido.

ROTEIROS TURÍSTICOS
Distribuídos com a inscrição, os roteiros turísticos são duas diferentes propostas de passeio pela região, percorrendo
as suas melhores paisagens, a gastronomia, as tradições, o artesanato e a hospitalidade beirã.

WORKSHOPS
Esta novidade apareceu na forma de passatempos e concursos de pintura para várias categorias.

PROJECTO “ESCOLHAS
DE FUTURO”
Como a consciência social do Góis Moto Clube é uma realidade, no domingo, durante a cerimónia de encerramento, foi feita a entrega simbólica de um cheque de 1500 euros ao projecto “Escolhas de Futuro”, promovido pela edilidade, que visa a inclusão escolar e integração comunitária, qualificação pessoal, empregabilidade e participação cívica dos jovens e das organizações.

9.º ENCONTRO
Mais uma edição deste carismático encontro, apoiado desde a primeira hora pela Honda Portugal, onde as pequenas motos são as vedetas. Decorreu sábado, dia 18.

3.º ENCONTRO VESPA
Pela terceira vez consecutiva, o Góis Moto Clube promoveu uma reunião dos característicos e prestigiados modelos Vespa. Estes modelos, cada vez mais populares em Portugal, proporcionaram um verdadeiro toque de alegria ao ambiente da concentração. Por lá, pudemos assistir a muito bons trabalhos de recuperação e restauro dos clássicos modelos da década de 60 e 70.

GNR no local
De presença discreta, mas efectuando algumas operações Stop, o balanço foi positivo, uma vez que não houve ocorrência de acidentes graves durante o período da concentração. Não foram interceptadas motos roubadas, houve sim alguns autos de contra-ordenação levantados por excesso de álcool, ausência de seguro ou de licença de condução, e matrículas tapadas ou retiradas. Mas mesmo assim, estas ocorrências foram em menor número absoluto do que em 2006. Tendo em conta que este ano houve uma maior afluência de motos do que no ano passado, podemos afirmar que, de um modo geral, os motociclistas tiveram um comportamento verdadeiramente exemplar.

ORGANIZAÇÃO
Já se sabe que erguer um evento desta dimensão não é tarefa fácil. Todavia, e com o passar dos anos, a experiência adquirida ajuda a soltar muitos nós, a notoriedade conquistada arrasta novos voluntários, e o amor pela região e pelas motos encarrega-se de fazer o resto. Esta 14ª. Concentração de Góis não foi excepção. A logística no local foi adequada para as solicitações e foi até perceptível a diminuição do tempo de espera na fila para as refeições. O palco principal estava munido de um sistema de luzes mais adequado do que no ano anterior. O INEM também esteve no recinto, mas felizmente não atendeu a nenhuma situação complicada. Em termos gerais, o Góis Moto Clube promoveu e realizou um evento pacífico e ordeiro, grandioso para a região (o segundo maior do género no nosso país, este ano com cerca de 16 mil pessoas entre inscritos e visitantes), reconhecido pelas mais diversas instâncias (políticas, sociais, económicas, culturais, policiais) e pela própria comunicação social como algo que dignifica o motociclismo em Portugal. Os amantes das motos agradecem!
© Todos os direitos do texto estão reservados para MOTO REPORT, uma publicação da JPJ EDITORA. Contacto para adquirir edições já publicadas: +351 253 215 466. As fotos são do Mário Peralta. Abraço pá!
© General Moto, by Hélder Dias da Silva 2008

          Alianza entre Technorati y AP        
A ver qué sale. Lo cuenta Amartino en su uberbin.net.
          Madame Bovary • édition prestige        

Texte et annotations de Gustave Flaubert
Commentaires d’ Yvan Leclerc

En 1856 la Revue de Paris publie un roman inédit de Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Mœurs de province. Le directeur de la revue, Maxime Du Camp, exigea de son auteur de nombreuses coupes. S’en suivit un procès puis l’acquittement.
Dès qu’il reçut l’un des volumes de l’édition originale d’avril 1857, Flaubert, désireux d’éterniser la bêtise du Censeur, reporta une par une les corrections exigées et commenta la suppression imposée de quelques scènes-clés: la noce, les comices, le fiacre, le pied-bot…
Cent cinquante ans plus tard, grâce à ce fac-similé, son objectif est désormais atteint : faire sortir la censure du cadre privé afin que la postérité puisse juger.

Prix : 120,00 € Prix spécial : 60,00 €


          Lawrence Opera Theatre Presents 2017 Season 'Faces of Love'        

Lawrence Opera Theatre (LOT) explores Faces of Love in its 8th summer season. From mother-love to puppy love, from unrequited love to love of country, love's many facets are celebrated. The age-old clash of good vs. evil and love conquering all is revisited in Mozart's The Magic Flute, presented in a groundbreaking, contemporary staging. The season's theme is featured in operatic, art song, and musical theatre repertoire throughout our programs.

LOT returns to the elegant Castle Tea Room, offering an intimate parlor concert to celebrate Franz Schubert's 220th birthday. A Schubert Serenade (Friday, August 11th) is a celebration of some of his most loved works. A wine & dessert reception at intermission is part of this special evening. Seating is limited, advance reservations recommended.

A free master class follows at the Lawrence Jewish Community Congregation, 917 Highland (Saturday, August 12th). Every year LOT gives a group of singers the opportunity to work individually with a professional in the opera field, and this year's The Magic Flute director coaches several of LOT's emerging young artists.

An evening of Opera Scenes and Arias as well as a Musical Theatre Cabaret are offered August 17th and 19th, respectively, showing off the ensemble's versatility. The season highlight the fully-staged opera, produced at Theatre Lawrence's state-of-the-art facility. The Magic Flute is set at Burning Man in the Nevada desert. The age-old conflict between good and evil is given a surprising twist in Grant Preisser's interpretation, which will be sung in German with updatEd English dialogue.

LOT offers a discount for Seniors / Students, and new in 2017, is pleased to offer a subscription package, with a 10% discount on ticket prices (taxes and fees additional).

More information: www.facebook.com/LawrenceOperaTheatre/


          iPhone 8 & iPhone 7s Plus zeigen sich im Videovergleich        

In den vergangenen Wochen und Monaten sahen wir immer wieder das iPhone 8. Von den beiden anderen Modelle, dem iPhone 7s und iPhone 7s Plus, hörte und sah man bisher nur sehr wenig. Nun hat der YouTuber Danny Winget ein ausführliches Hands-On-Video mit einem vermeintlichen „iPhone 7s Plus“-Dummy veröffentlicht und es darin mit dem Dummy eines iPhone 8 verglichen. 

(Weiterlesen)
          Adobe CQ 5.5: Personalisierte Kommunikation über alle Kanäle        

Es hat sich vermutlich ja schon rumgesprochen: Adobe präsentierte letzte Woche mit CQ 5.5 eine neue Version seiner Lösung für [...]

The post Adobe CQ 5.5: Personalisierte Kommunikation über alle Kanäle appeared first on Digital Marketing Blog.


          Police say residence in Utah was home to one of the largest fentanyl operations in the U.S.        
SALT LAKE CITY — One of the biggest drug busts in Utah’s history is now being considered one of the largest trades of the drug fentanyl in the country. “We’re right in the middle of it; we are right in the middle of a national drug trade organization,” said John Huber, US Attorney for the District of Utah. A basement in Cottonwood Heights is believed to be the heart and home of a massive drug operation. Federal investigators raided the […]
          Â¿Aún no conoces los Parodia Mix? Te esperan un montón de risas        
El canal de YouTube HDub nos sorprendió hace unos meses con una serie de vídeos llamados Parodia Mix en los que, como su propio nombre indica, parodiaban un montón de películas de actualidad con su particular humor y un montón de youtubers...
          New Acquisitions / January to June 2015!        




 So many books and booklets! New acquisitions include the (above & below pictured) fossil, gem, rock and travel booklets from the Robert Smithson Collection:

Desert Gem Trails by Mary Frances Strong
Arizona Rock Trials by Fred Bitner
The Petrified River: The Story of Uranium by The Union Carbide Corporation
Palenque by Alberto Ruz
Yellowstone: Its Underworld by Clyde Bauer
Indians of New Mexico by Bertha Dutton
An Illustrated Guide to Fossil Collecting by Richard Casanova


  An illustration from Ruz's Palenque.

Also new to the Robert Smithson Collection:

Nadja by Andre Breton
New Handbook of the Heavens by Hubert Bernhard
The Closing Circle by Barry Commoner
The Doors of Perception and Heaven and Hell by Aldous Huxley


New additions to the Anne Spencer Collection:

New World A-Coming by Roi Ottley
A Guide to African History by Basil Davidson
Democracy in American (2 vols.) by Alexis de Tocqueville


The Odyssey by Homer (above) and The Geography of the Heavens by Elijah Burritt (not pictured) are the newest books in the Maria Mitchell Collection.

Rounding out this group of books are Seon Manley's Islands, Their Lives, Legends & Lore and A Critique of the New Commonplaces by Jacques Ellul - both in the Robert Smithson Personal Library.


For any questions about the Library, the Collections, membership, or to check out a book, please contact the Librarian at personallibraries{at}gmail{dot}com.
          DECEMBER 2013 / PRINTED MATTER / FOUR YEARS!        

Finally! The Fall/Winter 2013 packet of printed matter has been produced and folded, envelopes have been addressed, stuffed and stamped, and all has been sent out by post!

This edition of matter includes the latest PLL Anniversary Poster (4 Years!), an astronomical/astrological letterpress piece:


A postcard commemorating the addition of the newest Collection to the PLL, that of Anne Spencer. Her first book is the amazing Leaves of Grass by Walt Whitman. More information very soon regarding the Anne Spencer Collection.



Entering the Robert Smithson Personal Library #5: The Geology of New York City and Environs, by Christopher Schuberth is folded and stacked above, and seen fully below:


 And lastly, When Looking Down is Looking Up (2.1):


For any questions about the Library, Collections or books, please contact the Librarian at personallibraries{at}gmail{dot}com.  Every member of the PLL receives bi-annual packets of printed matter.


          Até logo/ See you!        

Perfumados leitores,

Há um certo tempo minha vida se tornou uma espiral de responsabilidades cada vez mais frequentes, fruto de recompensas e desafios com relação à minha carreira e vida pessoal. Se por um lado, isso é muito compensador. Por outro lado, atualmente tive que fazer escolhas. Uma delas é dizer, de forma oficial, até logo!
 
 
Confesso que não consigo fazer as coisas de qualquer jeito e tudo tem que ter tempo e qualidade, principalmente com relação ao Perfume da Rosa Negra, um espaço virtual apaixonante sobre perfumaria que me proporcionou conhecer muita gente apaixonada por perfume e muita gente que é referência em Perfumaria , que respeitou o meu conhecimento e minha paixão, além de ter me proporcionado projetos de muito valor.
 
Sou grata aos leitores e a todas as pessoas que acreditaram em mim. Também agradeço a Deus o tempo a que me dediquei intensamente ao Perfume da Rosa Negra.  Fiz tudo isso com muito amor. Tive muitas alegrias mas também muitas decepções e tudo isso faz parte da jornada. A experiência foi sempre divina, a cada perfume e tudo está guardado: cada sentimento com relação às fragrancias e, cada sensação Ãºnica através do olfato que eternaliza os momentos perfumados na alma. O melhor de tudo é que, onde coloquei a minha marca, as pessoas passaram a conhecer mais sobre as fragrancias e o valor disso é imensurável.
 
Não retorno tão logo e, por estranho que pareça, digo um até logo feliz.  Sei que não serei a primeira blogueira de fragrancias que se afasta por um tempo. Muita gente boa, de excepcional talento em perfumaria, também disse adeus por um período. Durante esse tempo, além de todas as novas jornadas, quero repensar a própria perfumaria. O Perfume da Rosa Negra não deixa de existir. Como diria Flaubert, Perfume da Rosa Negra c'est moi. Eu sou Rosa Negra e ela vai exalar um perfume em outros cantos desse mundo.
 
 
Despeço-me feliz. Preciso levar algumas responsabilidades e projetos adiante, dentre eles está a perfumaria. Certamente eu voltarei e o blog só será a extensão de algo muito maior porque a perfumaria está no meu DNA. Voltarei com mais força e com ideias grandiosas que há muito tempo estão na minha mente e que só essa bela Arte merece.
 
Enquanto isso, deixo-lhes o meu legado perfumado , de coração!
 
Sigam cheirosos!
 
Abraços perfumados,
 
Cris Rosa Negra
 
English French German Spain Italian Dutch
Russian Portuguese Japanese Korean Arabic Chinese Simplified
By Ferramentas Blog
          Perfume Review: Lou Lou, Cacharel        

Perfume da Rosa Negra
From Perfume, We Return!




Recordar uma determinada década com roupas ou acessórios vintage, adquiridos a muito custo e garimpo em algum brechó, é um dom que pouquíssimas pessoas possuem. Para completar a indumentária fashionista, que tal um perfume que também marcou época?

Exatamente no início da década de 1980, em meio ao desejo louco de brilhar e aproveitar a vida como os quadros da pop-art multicolorida de Andy Warhol, e a badalação interminável de uma boate que chocava o mundo, o famoso clube 54 em New York, a Europa entrava em um colapso econômico sem precedentes até aquela época, os Estados Unidos tem um crescimento exagerado em seu patriotismo e sua economia cresce em ritmo vertiginoso, o desejo de ter tudo o que o dinheiro pode comprar torna-se cada vez mais intenso, as grifes européias invadem a America do Norte e trazem seus magníficos perfumes.





Foi em meio a essas inúmeras modificações econômicas e comportamentais que LouLou foi lançado, com um frasco em formato piramidal em vidro opaco de cor azul celeste adornado por uma listra horizontal vermelho profundo. As mulheres desejavam destacar-se no mercado de trabalho, as ombreiras exageradas e paletós retirados diretamente do closet masculino eram um hit entre as executivas americanas, maquiagem forte mesmo durante o dia, batons em tons de vermelho e violeta intenso, olhos esfumaçados de preto e chumbo e intensamente delineados com lápis preto, cortes de cabelo cada vez mais curtos e andrógenos. A igualdade entre sexos era o foco dessa década. Para brindar esse busca insana pelo sucesso, nada melhor que um aroma denso e que fosse capaz de demarcar território, sendo sexy de modo discreto.






LouLou é este cheiro, um bloco sólido de matérias primas variadas com o objetivo único de chamar atenção, o mix de notas destaca quase que exclusivamente os acordes de Iris. Com o decorrer do dia, o perfume mostra acordes de canela e incenso o que compõem o lado oriental da fragrância. A evolução é mínima, pois o exagero de matérias usadas não permite uma percepção de notas separadas, sabe-se que há tuberosa, mimosa, jasmim, ylang e outras notas florais, mas a percepção única é de que todos se unem para compor um só acorde sólido e com leves pitadas de especiarias adocicadas. A impressão é que se está usando um perfume attar resinoso e floral, que não se diferencia entre masculino e feminino.


Nada combina mais com o desejo de ostentação de luxo que o mercado de trabalho impunha Ã s mulheres que LouLou, um perfume romântico de modo mascarado, que mostrava quem dominava o ambiente e tirava o fardo de fragilidade e delicadeza das jovens mulheres dos anos 1980.
Nota do autor: Fixação boa. Usar em doses minimas em noites frias e em festas que exigam black-tie


Avaliação Perfume da Rosa Negra





Review by  Perfume da Rosa Negra Colaborator Italo Wolff for Perfume da Rosa Negra. Lou lou Ads, a courtesy of Cacharel.







          15 dicas para deixar o Windows XP mais rápido        
Confira 15 dicas para deixar o Windows XP mais rápido

Quanto mais se usa o computador, mais lento parece que ele fica. Às vezes isso pode ser verdade. Compilamos uma série de 15 dicas que devem deixar o seu computador pelo menos um pouco mais rápido.

1) Memória RAM = velocidade
O equipamento mais importante na hora de se ganhar velocidade é a memória. Quanto mais RAM, mais rápida será a máquina. Grande parte das dicas para deixar o PC mais veloz, giram em torno de como melhor utilizar a memória.

2) Não deixe abertos aplicativos que não usa
Vá em executar e digite "msconfig" e clique em OK. Vá na aba inicializar e desmarque os itens de inicialização que você não utiliza. Estes são os programas que o Windows executa ao inicializar o computador. Clique em OK e reinicialize a máquina. Muito cuidado para não desmarcar itens importantes: se não souber o que é, melhor deixar assim.

3) Desabilite opções de visualização
Abra o Painel de Controle e clique em Sistema. Abra a aba Avançado e dentro de Desempenho, clique no botão configurações. Na aba efeitos visuais, selecione a opção "Ajustar para obter um melhor desempenho".

4) Arquivo de paginação
Quem tem bastante RAM (pelo menos 1 GB) pode desabilitar o arquivo de paginação que o Windows XP utiliza. Este arquivo é um auxiliar da memória, mas no HD. Como a RAM é muito mais rápida que o HD, a velocidade aumenta. Entretanto, se você tem o costume de abrir muitos programas ao mesmo tempo esta opção não é recomendada, já que em seguida a RAM lota.

5) RAM sem dll
Algumas vezes o Windows preserva arquivos de biblioteca (.dll) na memória até mesmo depois que o aplicativo foi encerrado. Isto é feito para que, caso o programa seja reaberto, não seja necessário recarregar a dll.

Para mudar isso, vá em executar e digite "regedit" e clique em OK. Encontre a pasta HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersion Explorer. Crie dentro dela uma nova chave chamada AlwaysUnloadDLL com valor 1. Feche o programa e reinicie a máquina.

6) Indexação automática
O Windows XP faz uma indexação de todos os arquivos do HD para facilitar na hora de fazer uma busca. Este processo pode deixar o computador mais lento e ocupa memória. Para desativar este serviço, vá no Painel de Controle e abra "Adicionar e Remover Programas". Vá em "Adicionar/Remover Componentes de Windows" e desmarque o item "Serviço de Indexação", depois clique em Avançar. Tenha em mente que o computador vai ficar mais rápido, mas as buscas, mais lentas.

7) BootVis
A Microsoft desenvolveu uma ferramenta que faz uma análise dos itens na incialização e os ordena de forma a funcionar de forma mais rápida. O programa, chamado de BootVis, não é mais distribuído pela empresa no site, mas pode ser facilmente encontrado em sites de download pela web. A velocidade de boot melhora consideravelmente com o uso do aplicativo.

8) Atualizar drivers
Mantenha os drivers de vídeo e da placa-mãe em dia. Muitas vezes os drivers contêm atualizações que fazem uma grande diferença.

9) Limpeza de disco
Faça pelo menos uma vez por mês uma limpeza de disco. Clique em Meu Computador, na área de trabalho. Clique com o botão direito sobre o ícone do seu HD principal e vá em "Propriedades". Ao lado do gráfico de capacidade, há um botão chamado "Limpeza de disco". Clique.

10) Atualize o Windows
Visite com freqüência o site de atualização do Windows. Baixe sempre todos as atualizações chamadas "críticas".

11) Não particione o HD
O Windows funciona mais devagar com HDs com partições. Dados não estão mais protegidos em partições diferentes e para reinstalar um sistema não é obrigatória uma formatação.

12) Limpe o computador
Pelo menos uma vez por ano, abra o o computador e com um ventilador expire pó e sujeira, além de conferir se os ventiladores estão funcionando de forma correta.

13) Antivirus
Antivirus é um tipo de programa que deixa o computador mais lento. Todas as informações que a máquina processa ou passam pela rede ele inspeciona, tornando tudo mais devagar. Ainda assim, é um programa fundamental para a proteção da máquina. A solução é escolher um produto que utilize pouca RAM. Consulte os sites de empresas de segurança (como, por exemplo, a McAfee - www.mcafee.com/br/default.asp) para ver o que seu PC precisa.

14) Número de fontes
PCs com mais de 500 fontes instaladas ficam bastante lerdos. Tente manter menos fontes carregadas.

15) Desabilite a restauração do sistema
A restauração do sistema pode ser muito útil na hora de problemas, mas guardar todos esses dados consome literalmente diversos Giga. Para desabilitar a função de restauração, abra o Painel de Controle, clique em Sistema e abra a aba "Restauração do sistema". Desmarque a opção "Desativar restauração do sistema" e clique em OK.
          SAMBUTAN GUBERNUR        
SAMBUTAN GUBERNUR SUMATERA BARAT   PADA SEMINAR  “KRISIS KEUANGAN GLOBAL TERHADAP  DAMPAK DAN PENGARUHNYA BAGI PEREKONOMIAN SUMATERA BARAT”       PADANG, 4 DESEMBER 2008   Assalammu’alaikum Warohmatullahi Wabarokatuh   Yth. Ibu Menteri Keuangan. Yth. Bapak Direktur Bank Indonesia Yth. Saudara-Saudara Bupati/Walikota  se-Sumatera Barat. Yth. Saudara-Saudara Jurnalistik, Pengusaha, serta hadirin yang berbahagia           Pertama […]
          GUBERNURPUN BERKOMITMEN        
KESEPAKATAN BERSAMA GUBERNUR/ KETUA DEWAN KETAHANAN PANGAN PROVINSI dalam KONFERENSI DEWAN KETAHANAN PANGAN 2012 mengenai “Percepatan Pencapaian Sasaran Swasembada Lima Komoditas Pangan Pokok”   MENGINGAT :   Peraturan Presiden Nomor 83 Tahun 2006 tentang Dewan Ketahanan Pangan mengarahkan pembentukan Dewan Ketahanan Pangan Provinsi dan Dewan Ketahanan Pangan Kabupaten/Kota untuk merumuskan kebijakan dalam mewujudkan ketahanan pangan, […]
          KONTRAK KINERJA        
Kontrak Kinerja mungkin sudah lama tidak terfikikirkan lagi oleh kepala SKPD bahwa tanggungjawab yang di mban selama ini akan jadi pertnggung jwaban dikmudian kelak ,Gubernur Sumtera barat yng gtrkenal dengn komitmenny  sangat dengn tanggung jawabnya yng sngat jelas pada tanggl 12 januari 2008 mengngkat kepala SKPD dengan menanda tangani kontrk kinerja pada rencana tahun ini […]
          retrouvé mort        
Professeur retrouvé mort dans du film alimentaire : un individu interpellé - Un homme de 29 ans a été interpellé samedi 4 août dans l’affaire du professeur de techno retrouvé mort à Aubervilliers, enroulé dans du film alimentaire. La victime avait été retrouvée emballée de la tête aux pieds dans du film alimentaire en Seine-Saint-Denis. Samedi 4 août, un individu âgé de 29 ans a été interpellé dans le cadre de l'enquête sur le meurtre de ce professeur de technologie mort à Aubervilliers. Le suspect est un habitant de l’Aube qui se présente comme l’amant de la victime. Les enquêteurs de la brigade criminelle ont remonté sa trace, notamment grâce à un virement de 5.500 euros que le suspect a effectué sur son compte depuis celui de la victime. Un virement réalisé alors que la victime était déjà, semble-t-il, décédée. Il sera présenté dans mardi après-midi à un juge. Une information judiciaire a été ouverte pour assassinat en bande organisée. Les enquêteurs sont à la recherche d’éventuels complices. La victime âgée de 57 ans avait été retrouvée à son domicile le 1er août dernier.
http://www.rtl.fr/actu/societe-faits-divers/professeur-retrouve-mort-dans-du-film-alimentaire-un-individu-interpelle-7789654296
=============
(périodes critiques septennales communes des 28 et 56 ans - rythmes courts des deux personnes à voir)
          accidents        
Verkehrsunfälle Autos fahren in Menschengruppen - eine Schülerin stirbt In Berlin und Bayern haben zwei Autofahrer am Freitagabend die Kontrolle über ihre Wagen verloren. In Garching an der Alz stirbt ein 15-jähriges Mädchen. (...) Ein Wagen stürzte in Bayern in der Nähe eines Freibades in eine Gruppe feiernder Jugendlicher. Das Fahrzeug kam von einem Feldweg ab und fiel eine etwa sechs Meter hohe Böschung hinunter, wie die Polizei mitteilte. Das Auto landete am Ufer der Alz, wo fünf Jugendliche im Alter von 15 bis 17 Jahren feierten. Zwei Jugendliche waren unter dem Wagen eingeklemmt. Eine 15 Jahre alte Schülerin sei wenig später gestorben, hieß es. Ein 16-Jähriger wurde am Freitagabend mit einem Rettungshubschrauber in eine Klinik geflogen. Der 27-jährige Autofahrer und seine vier Begleiterinnen im Alter zwischen 22 und 25 Jahren kamen mit leichteren Blessuren davon. Warum der Fahrer in der Gemeinde Garching an der Alz im Landkreis Altötting die Kontrolle über seinen Wagen verlor, war noch unklar. In Berlin-Neukölln raste am Freitagabend ein Auto in eine Menschengruppe. "Bei dem Unfall wurden sechs Menschen verletzt, drei erlitten schwere Verletzungen und kamen ins Krankenhaus", sagte ein Sprecher der Polizei am Samstagmorgen. Der Fahrer habe bei einem misslungenen Ausweichmanöver auf der Hermannstraße die Kontrolle über seinen Wagen verloren und sei in die Menschenmenge gefahren, hieß es weiter. Unfallfahrer besaß keinen Führerschein Nach Polizeiangaben war der 20-Jährige zum Zeitpunkt der Unfallfahrt alkoholisiert. Außerdem besaß er keinen Führerschein. Der Wagen, ein gebrauchter Golf, war noch nicht auf seinen Namen angemeldet. Eine Haftpflichtversicherung für den Wagen besteht dementsprechend auch nicht.
http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gesellschaft/verkehrsunfaelle-autos-fahren-in-menschengruppen-eine-tote-a-1161493.html
================
deux accidents différents, lors desquels les conducteurs ont perdu le contrôle de leur véhicule : une jeune fille de 15 ans qui fêtait avec d'autres jeunes, sur un terrain en contrebas de la route a été tuée lorsque la voiture - conduite par un homme de 27 ans - leur est tombée dessus..  (période critique septennale des 28 ans)
le second accident, près de Berlin, a été causé par un jeune homme de 20 ans (période critique septennale des 21 ans) qui roulait, alcoolisé, sans permis et sans assurance et dont la voiture a quitté la route : six personnes ont été blessées dont trois gravement.
          Uber vs GrabCar: A Choice of Ride Sharing Apps        

If you are living or travelling in Southeast Asia, chances are that you are only too familiar with the two leading ride sharing companies in the region: Uber and GrabCar. But do you know what makes...

The post Uber vs GrabCar: A Choice of Ride Sharing Apps appeared first on Demystify Asia.


          April 2012 DC challenge - create your own recipe        
What an interesting month this was, our hosts David and Karen from Twenty-Fingered Cooking challenged us to create our own recipe (using one ingredient) from each of the following lists.

List 1: Parsnips, Eggplant (aubergine), Cauliflower
List 2: Balsamic Vinegar, Goat Cheese, Chipotle peppers
List 3: Maple Syrup, Instant Coffee, Bananas

Blog-checking lines: Our April 2012 Daring Cooks hosts were David & Karen from Twenty-Fingered Cooking. They presented us with a very daring and unique challenge of forming our own recipes by using a set list of ingredients!

I really loved this I was almost on the way to the airport when this was posted so I only had a short time to think and do the challenge I came up with the following which was a great meal.

I'm still on holidays so I could only do one versions this month, so the reason for the short posting this month.

Ploughman's Dinner
This is the dinner I had tonight super yum yum!
Photobucket
I had all day to wait for the delayed flight I was going on, I was looking at the ingredient lists and a brilliant idea came to me in a flash which used nearly all the ingredients it is the ploughman's feed bag which is a classic pub meal here in Australia and the UK. It consists of crusty bread with pickled vegetables and cheese, this meal can be very fancy or very basic depending on the quality of ingredients and the cheese used. I made the cheese from goat's milk a very easy and quick process (and a lot cheaper (1/3 the price) than packet goat's cheese) and then I coated it in powdered seaweed (ground nori sheets) to simulate ash since I couldn't find a good recipe for the ash coating. Then I quick-pickled the vegetables (carrots, cauliflower and small banana chillies) again a fast and simple process I already had a couple of onions and little cucumbers already made from a previous Daring Cooks challenge. Then I made the bread (parsnip, walnut and coffee) again quick and simple.

Here are the ingredients used for the ploughman's dinner
List 1: Parsnips, Cauliflower
List 2: Balsamic Vinegar, Goat Cheese
List 3: Maple Syrup, Instant Coffee

I have to say that home made goat's cheese is nothing like the packet stuff at all it is so white!!! (it glows whiteness), soft and mild with a wondrous tang that goes so well with the quick pickled vegetables which where smashing (not too strong a nice mellow flavour) the use of white balsamic vinegar/maple syrup really adds that touch of elegance instead of using harsh white vinegar and white sugar. And the bread was superb I eat one whole loaf myself. This was a real winner and so quick and simple yet so tasty, the contrast of textures and the balance of sweet sour and tangy is spot on. I will be making this again while I'm in Melbourne for my friends there.
Photobucket
Photobucket

Quick-Pickled White Balsamic Vinegar & Maple Syrup Ploughman's Vegetables
Adapted from this recipe
Makes about 2 litres (8 cups)
Prep Time: 20 minutes
Cook Time: 25 minutes
1/2 head of cauliflower
4 small banana chillies
3 carrots sliced in crinkle-cut
4 teaspoons coriander seeds
4 teaspoons fennel seeds
4 teaspoons mustard seeds
2 teaspoons dried thyme
1 cup white balsamic vinegar
1 cup water
1/4 to 1 cup maple syrup (check the sweet/sour balance when you have added 1/4 cup of syrup then add some extra until you get a good balance)
2 tablespoons pickling or kosher salt
1. Toast the coriander, fennel and mustard seeds in a dry pan until they smell fragrant. Stir or toss occasionally. As soon as you hear the first seed pop, turn off the heat.
2. Meanwhile, break the vegetables into pieces you’d want to eat as a pickle — neither too big nor too small. Do this by cutting down around the stem, then breaking the clumps or florets into smaller pieces. You may want to trim the stem pieces as you go.
3. Boil the vinegar, syrup, salt and water until everything is totally dissolved.
4. Add the vegetables simmer 10 secs then let the liquid cool until room temperature. Can be used after a couple of hours (the vegetables will be crisp and spicy).
5. You can place the hot pickles and hot liquid into clean glass jars with new lids and store up to one year.

Homemade Goat’s Milk Ricotta Cheese
Recipe from Honest Cooking
Makes two 1/2 cup cheeses

Ingredients:
4 cups / 1 litre goat’s milk
1 teaspoon sea salt
3 tablespoons freshly squeezed lemon juice

Equipment:
1 stainless steel or ceramic pot (non-reactive material, like aluminium)
1 large piece cheesecloth
1 bowl
string

Directions:
1. In a large pot, add the goat’s milk and salt. Heat gently on low-medium heat, stirring occasionally to keep the milk from scorching on the bottom.
2. Just before the milk boils (no need for a thermometer, just watch carefully), take it off the heat, add the lemon juice and give it a gentle stir (you should see the milk split almost instantly). Let the pot sit undisturbed for 5 minutes.
3. While you’re waiting for the milk to become cheese, line a bowl with cheesecloth.
4. Pour the milk mixture gently into the bowl. Pick up the sides of the cloth, tie a string around the top and hang, leaving the curds inside the cloth, and letting the whey drip out into the bowl.
5. After 45 minutes to 1 hour, your ricotta should be ready to eat. If you prefer a richer, thicker cheese, let it hang for another hour or so. Remember the longer hanging time, the denser cheese. Store leftovers in a glass container in the fridge.

Roasted Parsnip, Walnut & Coffee Bread
3 cups bread (12%+ protein) flour
1 cup roasted parsnip purée (made from ½ kg/1 lb parsnips)
3 teaspoons instant yeast
½ teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons walnut meal
½ teaspoons instant coffee
1/8 cup hot water (approximately)

1. Add all the ingredients except the water into a large bowl, combine using a kneading motion, add water a tablespoon at a time until the mixture looks like normal unkneaded bread dough.
2. Knead about 10 minutes until it has the feel of a baby's smooth bottom.
3. Place into a covered oiled bowl let it raise until doubled in volume (about an hour).
4. Punch down shape into 2 loaves.
5. Let the loaves rise until almost doubled (about 1/2 hour).
6. Bake in a preheated moderately hot 200C/400F/gas mark 6 oven for about 30 minutes - 40 minutes.
          February 2012 Daring Cooks' Challenge: Flipping Fried Patties!!!        
Hi it is Lisa and Audax and we are hosting this month's Daring Cooks' challenge we have chosen a basic kitchen recipe and a basic cooking technique which can be adapted to suit any ingredient that you have to hand and are beloved by children and adults alike … of course we are talking about patties.
Photobucket
Technically patties are flatten discs of ingredients held together by (added) binders (usually eggs, flour or breadcrumbs) usually coated in breadcrumbs (or  flour) then fried (and sometime baked). Burgers, rissoles, croquettes, fritters, and rösti are types of patties as well.

Irish chef Patrick "Patty" Seedhouse is said to have come up with the original concept and term as we know it today with his first production of burgers utilizing steamed meat pattys - the pattys were "packed and patted down" (and called pattys for short) in order to shape a flattened disc that would enflame with juices once steamed.

The binding of the ingredients in patties follows a couple of simple recipes (there is some overlap in the categories below)
Patties – patties are ingredients bound together and shaped as a disc.
Rissoles and croquettes – use egg with breadcrumbs as the binder, typical usage for 500 grams (1 lb) of filling ingredients is 1 egg with ½ cup of breadcrumbs (sometimes flour, cooked grains, nuts and bran can be used instead of the breadcrumbs). Some meat patties use no added binders in them they rely on the protein strands within the meat to bind the patty together.  Vegetarian and vegan patties may use mashed vegetables, mashed beans, grains, nuts and seeds to bind the patty. Generally croquettes are crumbed (breaded) patties which are  shallow- or deep-fried. Rissoles are not usually crumbed (but can be) and are pan- or shallow-fried. Most rissoles and croquettes can be baked.  (Examples are all-meat patties, hamburgers, meat rissoles, meatloaves, meatballs, tuna fish and rice patties, salmon and potato rissoles, most vegetable patties.)
Wet Fritters – use flour, eggs and milk as the binder, typical usage for 500 grams (1 lb) of filling ingredients is 2 cups flour, 1 egg with 1 cup of milk and are usually deep-fried and sometimes pan-fried  (examples deep fried apple fritters, potato fritters, some vegetable fritters, hushpuppies)
Dry Fritters – use eggs and (some) flour as the binder, typical usage for 500 grams  (1 lb) of filling ingredients is 1 to 2 eggs and (usually) some 2 to 8 tablespoons of flour (but sometimes no flour) and are pan- or shallow- fried. (examples most vegetable patties like zucchini fritters, Thai fish cakes, crab cakes, NZ whitebait fritters)
Röstis – use eggs (sometimes with a little flour) as the binder for the grated potato, carrot and other root vegetables, typical usage for 500 grams (1 lb) of filling ingredients is one egg yolk (potato rösti).

Sautéing, stir frying, pan frying, shallow frying, and deep frying use different amounts fat to cook the food. Sautéing uses the least amount of oil (a few teaspoons) while deep frying uses (many many cups) the most oil. The oil helps lubricate (sometimes adds flavour) the food being fried so it will not stick to the pan and helps transfer heat to the food being cooked.

In particular, as a form of cooking patties, pan- and shallow-frying relies on oil of the correct temperature to seal the surface (so retaining moisture) and to heat the interior ingredients (so binding them together) so cooking the patty. The exposed topside of the patty while cooking allows, unlike deep frying, some moisture loss and contact with the pan bottom with the patty creates greater browning on the contact surface that is the crust of the patty is browned and the interior is cooked by pan- and shallow-frying. Because the food is only being cooked on one side while being pan- or shallow-fried, the food must be flipped at least once to totally cook the patty.

So this month's challenge is to pan- or shallow-fry a patty, so giving us the title for this challenge “flipping fried patties”.

This challenge will help you understand how to form, what binders to use, and how to fry a patty so that it is cooked to picture perfect perfection.

Recipe Source:  Audax adapted a number of popular recipes to come up with the challenge patty recipes and Lisa has chosen to share two recipes – California Turkey Burger adapted from Cooking Light Magazine, and French Onion Salisbury Steak adapted from Cuisine at Home magazine.

Blog-checking lines:  The Daring Cooks’ February 2012 challenge was hosted by Audax & Lis and they chose to present Patties for their ease of construction, ingredients and deliciousness!  We were given several recipes, and learned the different types of binders and cooking methods to produce our own tasty patties!

Posting Date:  February 14th, 2012

Download the printable .pdf file HERE



Notes:
     
  • Binders
  •  
  • Eggs – are found in most patty recipes it acts as a binder, use cold eggs and lightly beat them before using  If you cannot use eggs try this tip  "1/4 cup of silken tofu, blended, or a commercial egg re-placer powder mixed with warm water."
  •  
  • Flour – normal plain (all-purpose) flour is used in most fritter recipes it can be replaced with rice, corn or potato flours (in smaller quantities) in some recipes. If you want some rise in your patties then use self-raising flour or add some baking powder to the flour. 
  •  
  • Breadcrumb Preparation – breadcrumbs are a common ingredient in patties, burgers and fritters they act as a binding agent, ensuring the patty keeps it shape during the cooking process.
  •  
    • Fresh breadcrumbs – these crumbs are made at home with stale bread simply remove the crusts from one- or two-day old bread, break bread into pieces, place pieces in a blender or food processor then blend or process until fine. Store any excess in a plastic bag in the freezer. 1 cup of fresh crumbs = 3 slices of bread.
    •  
    • Packaged breadcrumbs – often called dry breadcrumbs, these are used to make a crisp coating on the burgers, patties and fritters they are easily found in the supermarket, You can make them at home. Place slices of one- or two-day bread on baking trays, bake in the oven on the lowest setting until slices are crisp and pale brown. Cool bread, break pieces in a blender or food processor then blend or process until fine. 1 cup fine dry breadcrumbs = 4 slices of bread.
     
  • Alternate binders – bran (oat, wheat, rice, barley etc) can be used instead of breadcrumbs in most recipes. Tofu (silken) can replace the egg. Also using mashed potato (or sweet potato, carrots, most root vegetables) and/or mashed beans can help bind most patties. Of course chickpea flour and most other flours can be used to help bind patties. Seeds, nuts and grains can help bind a patty especially when the patty has cooled after cooking. These binders are used in vegan recipes.
  •  
  • Moisteners – Mayonnaise and other sauces, pesto and mustard are used in some meat patty recipes mainly for moisture and flavour but they can act as binders as well. For vegetable patties you can use chopped frozen spinach, shredded carrots, shredded zucchini, shredded apple and cooked grains to add extra moisture. Also sour cream and other milk products are used to increase the tenderness of patties.

     
  • Patty Perfection
  •  
  • When making meat patties the higher the fat content of the meat, the more the patties shrink during cooking this is especially true for ground (minced) red meat. Make patties larger than the bun they are to be served on to allow for shrinkage.
  •  
  • For hamburgers keep the fat content to about 20 - 30% (don't use lean meat) this ensures juicy patties when cooked. Also use coarse freshly ground meat (if possible) to make patties, if the mixture is ground too fine the large patties will break apart since the protein strands are too short and are covered in fat and can only bind to nearby ingredients so when the large patty is cooked it will fall apart or be too dense. Compare this behaviour with small amounts of finely ground lean meat (almost a paste) where the protein can adhere to itself (since the protein chains are short, not covered in fat and all the ingredients are nearby) hence forming a small stable patty (lamb kofta, Asian chicken balls, prawn balls).
  •  
  • Patty mixtures should be kept cold as possible when preparing them and kept cold until you  cook them the cold helps bind the ingredients together.
  •  
  • Don't over-mix the ingredients the resultant mixture will be heavy and dense.
  •  
  • For meat patties chop, mince, grate the vegetable ingredients fairly finely, if too coarse the patties will break apart.
  •  
  • Patties made mostly of meat (good quality hamburgers and rissoles) should be seasoned just before the cooking process, if salted too early liquid can be drawn out of the patty.
  •  
  • Make all the patties the same size so they will cook at the same rate. To get even-sized patties, use measuring cups or spoons to measure out your mixture.
  •  
  • For patties use your hands to combine the ingredients with the binders, mix gently until the mixture comes cleanly from the sides of the mixing bowl. Test that the final mixture forms a good patty (take a small amount in your palm and form into a ball it should hold together) before making the whole batch. Add extra liquid or dry binder as needed. Cook the test patty to check for seasoning, add extra if needed then cook the rest of the batch. 
  •  
  • Usually patties should be rested (about an hour) before cooking they “firm” up during this time, a good technique to use if your patty is soft. Always wrap patties they can dry out if left in the fridge uncovered.
  •  
  • Dampen your hands when shaping patties so the mixture won't stick to your fingers.
  •  
  • If making vegetable patties it is best to squeeze the grated/chopped/minced vegetables to remove any excess liquid this is most important for these types of patties.
  •  
  • When making fritters shred your vegetables because it makes long strands that gives a strong lattice for the patties. A food processor  or a box grater is great to use here.
  •  
  • For veggie patties make sure your ingredients are free of extra water. Drain and dry your beans or other ingredients thoroughly before mashing. You can even pat them gently dry with a kitchen cloth or paper towel.
  •  
  • Vegetable patties lack the fat of meat patties so oil the grill when BBQing them so the patty will not stick.
  •  
  • Oil all-meat burgers rather than oiling the barbecue or grill pan – this ensures the burgers don’t stick to the grill allowing them to sear well. If they sear well in the first few minutes of cooking they’ll be golden brown and juicy. To make it easy brush the burgers with a brush dipped in oil or easier still use a spray can of oil.
  •  
  • If you only have very lean ground beef try this tip from the Chicago Tribune newspaper  “To each 1 lb (½ kg) of ground beef add 2 tablespoons of cold water (with added salt and pepper) and 2 crushed ice cubs, form patties.” it really does work.
  •  
  • A panade, or mixture of bread crumbs and milk, will add moisture and tenderness to meat patties when the burgers are cooked well-done.
  •  
  • For vegetable patties it is best to focus on one main ingredient then add some interesting flavour notes to that major taste (examples carrot and caraway patties, beetroot, feta and chickpea fritters etc) this gives a much bolder flavour profile than a patty of mashed “mixed” vegetables which can be bland.
  •  
  • Most vegetable  and meat/vegetable patties just need a light coating of seasoned breadcrumbs. Lightly pat breadcrumbs onto the surface of the patty there is enough moisture and binders on the surface of the patty to bind the breadcrumbs to the patty while it is cooking. You can use wheatgerm, bran flakes, crushed breakfast cereals, nuts and seeds to coat the patty.
  •  
  • Use fine packet breadcrumbs as the coating if you want a fine smooth crust on your patties use coarser fresh breadcrumbs as the coating if you want a rougher crisper crust on your patty.
  •  
  • Flip patties once and only once, over-flipping the patty results in uneven cooking of the interior and allows the juices to escape.
  •  
  • Don't press the patties when they are cooking you'll squeeze out all of the succulent juices.
  •  
  • Rest patties a while before consuming.

     
  • Shaping the patty
  •  
  • Shaping – Shape the patty by pressing a ball of mixture with your clean hands it will form a disc shape which will crack and break up around the edges. What you want to do is press down in the middle and in from the sides, turning the patty  around in your hand until it is even and uniform. It should be a solid disc that is firm. Handle the mixture gently, use a light touch and don’t make them too compacted. Rather than a dense burger, which is difficult to cook well, aim for a loosely formed patty that holds together but is not too compressed.
  •  
  • Depressing the centre – When patties cook, they shrink (especially red meat burgers). As they shrink the edges tend to break apart causing deep cracks to form in the patty. To combat this you want the burger patty to be thinner in the middle than it is around the edges. Slightly depress the center of the patty to push a little extra mixture towards the edges. This will give you an even patty once it is cooked.  

     
  • Shallow- and pan-frying 
  •  
  • Preheat the pan or BBQ.
  •  
  • Generally when shallow-frying patties use enough oil that it comes halfway up the sides of the food. Best for most meat and vegetable patties and where the ingredients in the patty are uncooked.
  •  
  • Generally when pan-frying use enough oil to cover the surface of the pan best for most vegetable patties where all the ingredients are precooked (or cook very quickly) and all-meat rissoles and hamburgers.
  •  
  • Most oils are suitable for shallow- and pan-frying but butter is not it tends to burn. Butter can be used in combination with oil. Low-fat spreads cannot be used to shallow fry as they contain a high proportion of water. Rice bran oil is a great choice since it is almost tasteless and has a very high smoke point of 490°F/254°C. The smoke point is when the oil starts to break down into bitter fatty acids and produces a bluish smoke, Canola (smoke point 400°F/204°C) is also a great choice. Butter has a smoke point of 250–300°F/121–149°C. Olive oil Extra light 468°F/242°C. Olive oil Extra virgin 375°F/191°C. Ghee (Clarified Butter) 485°F/252°C.   
  •  
  • Do not overload the frying pan which allows steam to be trapped near the cooking food which might lead to the patties being steamed instead of fried. If you place too many patties at once into the preheated pan this reduces the heat and the patties will then release juices and begin to stew. Leave some space between each when you place them in the pan.
  •  
  • For most patties preheat the oil or fat until the oil seems to shimmer or a faint haze rises from it, but take care not to let it get so hot it smokes. If the oil is too cool before adding the patties, it will be absorbed by the food making the patty soggy. If the oil is too hot then the crumb coating will burn before the interior ingredients are cooked and/or warmed through. For vegetable and meat/vegetable patties start off cooking in a medium hot skillet and then reduce the heat to medium.  For all-meat patties start off cooking in a very hot skillet and then reduce the heat to hot, as celebrity chef Bobby Flay says that “the perfect [meat] burger should be a contrast in textures, which means a tender, juicy interior and a crusty, slightly charred exterior. This is achieved by cooking the meat [patty] directly over very hot heat, rather than the indirect method preferred for slow barbecues”. All patties should sizzle when they are placed onto the preheated pan.
  •  
  • Cast iron pans are best to fry patties.
  •  
  • When the raw patty hits the hot cooking surface it will stick. And will stay so until the patty crust forms so causing a non-stick surface on the patty at this point you can lift the patty easily without sticking. So wait until the patties (with a gentle shaking of the pan or a light finger-twist of the patty) release themselves naturally from the frying pan surface (maybe a minute or two for meat patties maybe 3-6 minutes for a vegetable patty).  If you try to flip it too early the burger will fall apart. The secret is to wait for the the patty to naturally release itself from the pan surface then flip it over once.
  •  
  • Veggie burgers will firm up significantly as they cool.
  •  
  • Most vegetable patties can be baked in the oven.
  •  
  • Check the temperature of the oil by placing a few breadcrumbs into the pan they should take 30 seconds to brown.
  •  
  • If you need to soak up excess oil place the patties on a rack to drain, do not place onto paper towels since steam will be trapped which can make the patty soggy, if you need to just press off the excess oil with paper towels then place onto a rack.



Mandatory Items: Make a batch of pan- or shallow-fried (or baked) patties.

Variations allowed:  Any variation on a patty is allowed. You can use the recipes provided or make your own recipe.

Preparation time:
Patties: Preparation time less than 60 minutes. Cooking time less than 20 minutes.

Equipment required:
Large mixing bowl
Large stirring spoon
Measuring cup
Frying pan

Basic Canned Fish and Rice Patties


Servings: makes about ten ½ cup  patties
Recipe can be doubled
adapted from http://www.taste.com.au/recipes/17181/tuna+rissoles

This is one my favourite patty recipes I make it once a week during the holidays. It is most important that you really mix and mash the patty ingredients well since the slightly mashed rice helps bind the patty together. 

Ingredients:
1 can (415 gm/15 oz) pink salmon or tuna or sardines, (not packed in oil) drained well
1 can (340 gm/13 oz) corn kernels, drained well
1 bunch spinach, cooked, chopped & squeezed dry or 60 gm/2 oz thawed frozen spinach squeezed dry
2 cups (300 gm/7 oz) cooked white rice (made from 2/3 cups of uncooked rice)
1 large egg, lightly beaten
about 3 tablespoons (20 gm/2/3 oz) fine packet breadcrumbs for binding
3 tablespoons (45 ml) oil, for frying
2 spring (green) onions, finely chopped
1 tablespoon (15 ml) tomato paste or 1 tablespoon (15 ml) hot chilli sauce
1 tablespoon (15 ml) oyster sauce
2 tablespoons (30 ml) sweet chilli sauce
Salt and pepper to taste
½ cup (60 gm/2 oz) seasoned fine packet bread crumbs to cover patties

Directions:
1) Place all of the ingredients into a large bowl.
2) Mix and mash using your hands or a strong spoon the ingredients with much force (while slowly adding tablespoons of breadcrumbs to the patty mixture) until the mixture starts to cling to itself about 4 minutes the longer you mix and mash the more compacted the final patty.  Day-old cold rice works best (only needs a tablespoon of breadcrumbs or less) but if the rice is hot or warm you will need more breadcrumbs to bind the mixture. Test the mixture by forming a small ball it should hold together. Cook the test ball adjust the seasoning (salt and pepper) of the mixture to taste.   
3) Form patties using a ½ cup measuring cup.
4) Cover in seasoned breadcrumbs.
5) Use immediately or can be refrigerated covered for a few hours.
6) Preheat fry pan (cast iron is best) to medium hot add 1½ tablespoons of oil and heat until the oil shimmers place the patties well spaced out onto the fry pan lower heat to medium.
7) Pan fry for about 3 minutes each side for a thin lightly browned crust about 10 minutes for a darker thicker crisper crust. Wait until the patties can be released from the pan with a shake of the pan or a light turning of the patty using your fingers before flipping over to cook the other side of the patty add the remaining 1½ tablespoons of oil when you flip the patties. Flip only once. You can fry the sides of the patty if you want brown sides on your patty.

Pictorial Guide
Some of the ingredients
Photobucket

Starting to mix the patty mixture           
Photobucket

About ready to be tested
Photobucket

The test ball to check if the mixture will hold together
Photobucket

Form patties using a ½ cup measuring cup
Photobucket

Crumb (bread) the patties                   
Photobucket

Cover and refrigerate


Preheat frying pan add oil wait until the oil shimmers add patties well spaced out onto the pan
Photobucket

Wait until the patties can be released by a light shaking of the pan or by finger-turning the patty and then flip the patties over add some extra oil (these were fried for 10 minutes)
Photobucket

Enjoy picture perfect patties
Photobucket

This patty was pan-fried on my cast iron fry pan notice the shiny very crisp crust as compared to the patty above
Photobucket

Zucchini, prosciutto & cheese fritters


Servings: makes about 8-10 two inch (five cm) fritters
Recipe can be doubled
adapted from http://smittenkitchen.com/2011/08/zucchini-fritters/

This makes a great light lunch or a lovely side dish for dinner. 

Ingredients:
500 gm (½ lb) zucchini (two medium)
1 teaspoon (5 ml) (7 gm) salt
½ cup (120 ml) (60 g/2 oz) grated cheese, a strong bitty cheese is best
5 slices (30 gm/1 oz) prosciutto, cut into small pieces
½ cup (120 ml) (70 gm/2½ oz) all-purpose (plain) flour plus ½ teaspoon baking powder, sifted together
2 large eggs, lightly beaten
2 spring onions, finely chopped
1 tablespoon (15 ml) chilli paste
1 teaspoon (5 ml) (3 gm) black pepper, freshly cracked
2 tablespoons (30 ml) oil, for frying

Directions:
     
  • Grate the zucchini with a box grater or food processor. Place into large bowl, add salt, wait 10 minutes.
  •  
  • While waiting for the zucchini, pan fry the prosciutto pieces until cooked. Remove from pan and place prosciutto onto rack this will crisp up the prosciutto when it cools. Paper towels tend to make prosciutto soggy if left on them.
  •  
  • When zucchini is ready wrap in a cloth and squeeze dry with as much force as you can you will get a lot of liquid over ½ cup, discard liquid it will be too salty to use.
  •  
  • Return dried zucchini to bowl add prosciutto, cheese, pepper, sifted flour and baking powder, chilli paste, pepper, a little salt and the lightly beaten eggs.
  •  
  • Mix until combined if the batter is too thick you can add water or milk or another egg, if too wet add some more flour. It should be thick and should not flow when placed onto the frying pan.
  •  
  • Preheat a frying pan (cast iron is best) until medium hot, add 1/3 of the oil wait until it shimmers.
  •  
  • Place dollops of batter (about 2 tablespoons each) onto the fry pan widely spaced out, with the back of a spoon smooth out each dollop to about 2 inches (5 cm) wide, do not make the fritters too thick. You should get three or four fritters in the average-sized fry pan. Lower heat to medium
  •  
  • Fry for 3-4 minutes the first side, flip, then fry the other side about 2-3 minutes until golden brown.  Repeat for the remaining batter. Adding extra oil as needed.
  •  
  • Place cooked fritters into a moderate oven on a baking dish for 10 minutes if you want extra crispy fritters.


Pictures of process – fresh zucchini, grated zucchini, liquid released from salted and squeezed dry zucchini, ingredients for the fritters, fritter batter and frying the fritters.
Photobucket

Cooked fritters
Photobucket

California Turkey Burger


Servings: makes about 10 burgers
Recipe can be doubled
adapted from Cooking Light Magazine September 2005:
http://www.myrecipes.com/recipe/california-burgers-10000001097016/

Sauce:
½ cup (120 ml) ketchup
1 tablespoon (15 ml) Dijon mustard
1 tablespoon (15 ml) fat-free mayonnaise

Patties:
½ cup (120 ml) (60 gm/2 oz) finely chopped shallots
¼ cup (60 ml) (30 gm/1 oz) dry breadcrumbs
1 teaspoon (5 ml) (6 gm) salt
1 teaspoon (5 ml) Worcestershire sauce
¼ teaspoon (¾ gm) freshly ground black pepper
3 garlic cloves, minced
1¼ lbs (600 gm) ground turkey
1¼ lbs (600 gm) ground turkey breast
Cooking spray

Remaining ingredients:
10 (2-ounce/60 gm) hamburger buns
10 red leaf lettuce leaves
20 bread-and-butter pickles
10 (1/4-inch thick/5 mm thick) slices red onion, separated into rings
2 peeled avocados, each cut into 10 slices
3 cups (750 ml) (60 gm/2 oz) alfalfa sprouts

Directions:
1. Prepare the grill to medium-high heat.
2. To prepare sauce, combine first 3 ingredients; set aside.
3. To prepare patties, combine shallots and the next 7 ingredients (through turkey breast), mixing well. Divide mixture into 10 equal portions, shaping each into a 1/2-inch-thick (1¼ cm thick) patty. Place patties on grill rack coated with cooking spray; grill 4 minutes on each side or until done.
4. Spread 1 tablespoon sauce on top half of each bun. Layer bottom half of each bun with 1 lettuce leaf, 1 patty, 2 pickles, 1 onion slice, 2 avocado slices, and about 1/3 cup of sprouts. Cover with top halves of buns.                                                                                                         

Photobucket

Yield:  10 servings (serving size: 1 burger) - Nutritional Information – CALORIES 384(29% from fat); FAT 12.4g (sat 2.6g,mono 5.1g,poly 2.8g); PROTEIN 31.4g; CHOLESTEROL 68mg; CALCIUM 94mg; SODIUM 828mg; FIBER 3.9g; IRON 4mg; CARBOHYDRATE 37.5g
Lisa’s Notes:
Nutritional information provided above is correct for the recipe as written.  When I make these burgers, the only ingredients I change are using regular mayo, and dill pickles.  My red lettuce of choice is radicchio.  I’ve both grilled and pan fried these burgers and both are delicious.  If you decide to pan fry, you’ll need a little extra fat in the pan – so use about 2 tsp. of extra virgin olive oil, or canola oil before laying your patties on the pan.  Cook for approximately 5 minutes on each side, or until done.  Do not overcook as the patties will dry out and not be as juicy and tasty! :)

French Onion Salisbury Steak


Courtesy of Cuisine at Home April 2005 edition
Makes 4 Steaks; Total Time: 45 Minutes

Ingredients:
1 1/4 lb (600 gm) ground chuck 
1/4 cup (60 ml) (30 gm/1 oz) fresh parsley, minced
2 tablespoons (30 ml) (⅓ oz/10 gm) scallion (spring onions), minced
1 teaspoon (5ml) (3 gm) kosher salt or ½ teaspoon (2½ ml) (3 gm) table salt
1/2 teaspoon (2½ ml) (1½ gm) black pepper
2 tablespoons (30 ml) (½ oz/18 gm) all-purpose (plain) flour
2 tablespoons (30 ml) olive oil
2 cups (240 ml) (140 gm/5 oz) onions, sliced
1 teaspoon (5 ml) (4 gm) sugar
1 tablespoon (15 ml) (⅓ oz/10 gm) garlic, minced
1 tablespoon (15 ml) (½ oz/15 gm) tomato paste
2 cups (240 ml) beef broth
1/4 cup (60 ml) dry red wine
3/4 teaspoon (2 gm) kosher salt or a little less than ½ teaspoon (2 gm) table salt
1/2 teaspoon  (2½ ml) (1½ gm) dried thyme leaves
4 teaspoons (20 ml) (⅓ oz/10 gm) fresh parsley, minced
4 teaspoons (20 ml)  (2/3 oz/20 gm) Parmesan cheese, shredded

Cheese Toasts
4 slices French bread or baguette, cut diagonally (1/2" thick) (15 mm thick)
2 tablespoons (30 ml) (30 ml/1 oz) unsalted butter, softened
1/2 teaspoon (2½ ml) (2 gm) garlic, minced
Pinch of paprika
1/4 cup (60 ml) (30 gm/1 oz) Swiss cheese, grated (I used 4 Italian cheese blend, shredded)
1 tablespoon (15 ml) (⅓ oz/10 gm) Parmesan cheese, grated

Directions:
1. Combine chuck, parsley, scallion, salt and pepper. Divide evenly into 4 portions and shape each into 3/4"-1" (20-25 mm) thick oval patties. Place 2 tablespoons flour in a shallow dish; dredge each patty in flour. Reserve 1 teaspoon flour.
2. Heat 1 tablespoon oil in a sauté pan over medium-high heat. Add patties and sauté 3 minutes on each side, or until browned. Remove from pan.
3. Add onions and sugar to pan; sauté 5 minutes. Stir in garlic and tomato paste; sauté 1 minute, or until paste begins to brown. Sprinkle onions with reserved flour; cook 1 minute. Stir in broth and wine, then add the salt and thyme.
4. Return meat to pan and bring soup to a boil. Reduce heat to medium-low, cover and simmer 20 minutes.
5. Serve steaks on Cheese Toasts with onion soup ladled over. Garnish with parsley and Parmesan.

For the Cheese Toasts
6. Preheat oven to moderately hot 200°/400ºF/gas mark 6.
7. Place bread on baking sheet.
8. Combine butter, garlic and paprika and spread on one side of each slice of bread. Combine cheeses and sprinkle evenly over butter. Bake until bread is crisp and cheese is bubbly, 10-15 minutes.

French Onion Salisbury Steak
Photobucket

Potato Rösti


Servings: makes two large rösti
adapted from a family recipe

The classic rösti; cheap, easy and so tasty.

Ingredients:
1 kg (2½ lb) potatoes
1 teaspoon (5 ml) (6 gm) salt
2 teaspoons (10 ml) (6 gm) black pepper, freshly milled
1 large egg, lightly beaten
2 tablespoons (30 ml) (½ oz/15 gm) cornflour (cornstarch) or use all-propose flour
3 tablespoons (45 ml) oil, for frying

Directions:
     
  1. Grate lengthwise the peeled potatoes with a box grater or a food processor.
  2.  
  3. Wrap the grated potato in a cloth and squeeze dry, you will get a lot of liquid over ½ cup, discard liquid since it is full of potato starch.
  4.  
  5. Return dried potato to bowl add the egg, cornflour, pepper, and salt.
  6.  
  7. Mix until combined.
  8.  
  9. Preheat a frying pan (cast iron is best) until medium hot, add 2 teaspoons of oil wait until oil shimmers.
  10.  
  11. Place half of mixture into the pan, flatten with a spoon until you get a smooth flat surface. Lower heat to medium.
  12.  
  13. Fry for 8-10 minutes (check at 6 minutes) the first side, flip by sliding the rösti onto a plate then use another plate invert the rösti then slide it back into the pan, then fry the other side about 6-8 minutes until golden brown. Repeat to make another rösti


Pictures of process – Peel 1 kg spuds, grate lengthwise, squeeze dry, add 1 egg, 2 tablespoons starch, salt and pepper. Pan fry.
Photobucket

Pictures of the grated potato before (left) and after (right) squeezing dry. Notice in the left hand pictures the gratings are covered in moisture and starch, while in the right hand pictures the grated potato is dry and doesn't stick together.
Photobucket

Pictures of the finished small rösti
Photobucket

Pictures of the large rösti
Photobucket

Chicken, potato and corn patties
I had some leftover chicken legs and boiled potatoes from dinner last night so I made up some patties. The patties are made from 1 kilogram of finely grated cold boiled potatoes, 4 chicken legs meat removed and finely chopped, and one can of corn kernels. The binder was one egg and 1/4 cup of self-raising wholewheat flour.

The crumbed (breaded) patties waiting to be pan fried
Photobucket

Patties pan frying
Photobucket

The finished patties
Photobucket
Photobucket

Meatballs
Photobucket
Photobucket
Photobucket

I made meatballs using high quality ground veal and pork (30% fat) I didn't use any binders in the mixture just a little seasoning chilli, garlic and dried mushroom powder.

The meatballs waiting to be fried
Photobucket

Frying the meatballs
Photobucket

The finished meatballs
Photobucket

Of course I made spaghetti and meatballs for dinner so so delicious
Photobucket

Thai Fish Cakes
Photobucket
Photobucket

I adore Thai fish cakes but I have never really made them I was surprised how simple it is if you have a very strong food processor. Basically you make a paste from 1/2 kg (1 lb) of white fillet fish (I used catfish (basa) fillets) with 1 egg and 6 tablespoons of flavourings (a combination of 1 Tbsp fish sauce, 1 tsp chilli, 2 Tbsp red curry paste, 1 Tbsp coconut cream, 1 Tbsp chilli crab flakes, 1/2 tsp sugar, 1/2 tsp salt, 1/2 tsp shrimp paste, a few spices), 6 kaffir lime leaves and 2 tablespoons cornflour (cornstarch) with a teaspoon of baking powder, you form small patties (each 2 tablespoons) from the paste and pan fry until cooked. These are just as good as the cafe ones I buy and only cost about 30 cents each instead of $1.90 at the cafe. A good basic recipe for Thai fish cakes is here http://thaifood.about.com/od/thaiseafoodrecipes/r/classicfishcakes.htm I added some extra baking powder and cornflour to the basic recipe since it makes the cakes rise and the interiors are light and fluffy. Super tasty and so cute.

Photobucket

Storage & Freezing Instructions/Tips:
Most rissoles, croquettes and dry fritters keep well for three or four days if covered and kept in the fridge. Uncooked and cooked rissoles and croquettes can be frozen for at least one month.

Additional Information: 
An index of Aussie patty recipes http://www.taste.com.au/search-recipes/?q=patties&publication=
An index of Aussie rissole recipes http://www.taste.com.au/search-recipes/?q=rissoles&publication=
An index of American patty recipes http://allrecipes.com/Search/Recipes.aspx?WithTerm=patty%20-peppermint%20-dressing&SearchIn=All&SortBy=Relevance&Direction=Descending
An index of American burger recipes http://busycooks.about.com/cs/easyentrees/a/burgers.htm 
A great vegetable and chickpea recipe http://www.exclusivelyfood.com.au/2006/06/vegetable-and-chickpea-patties-recipe.html
A baked vegetable patty recipe http://patternscolorsdesign.wordpress.com/2011/02/20/baked-vegetable-patties/
Vegetable patty recipes http://www.divinedinnerparty.com/veggie-burger-recipe.html
Best ever beet(root) and bean patty http://www.thekitchn.com/restaurant-reproduction-bestev-96967
Ultimate veggie burgers http://ask.metafilter.com/69336/How-to-make-awesome-veggie-burgers
One of best zucchini fritter recipes http://smittenkitchen.com/2011/08/zucchini-fritters/ 
Old School Meat rissoles http://www.exclusivelyfood.com.au/2008/07/rissoles-recipe.html
How to form a patty video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iHutN-u6jZc
Top 12 vegetable patty recipes http://vegetarian.about.com/od/veggieburgerrecipes/tp/bestburgers.htm
Ultimate Meat Patties Video http://www.chow.com/videos/show/youre-doing-it-all-wrong/55028/how-to-make-a-burger-with-hubert-keller
Beautiful vegetable fritters so pretty http://helengraves.co.uk/tag/beetroot-feta-and-chickpea-fritters-recipe/   
Information about veggie patties http://kblog.lunchboxbunch.com/2011/08/veggie-burger-test-kitchen-and-lemon.html  

Disclaimer:
The Daring Kitchen and its members in no way suggest we are medical professionals and therefore are NOT responsible for any error in reporting of “alternate baking/cooking”.  If you have issues with digesting gluten, then it is YOUR responsibility to research the ingredient before using it.  If you have allergies, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. If you are lactose intolerant, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. If you are vegetarian or vegan, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. The responsibility is YOURS regardless of what health issue you’re dealing with. Please consult your physician with any questions before using an ingredient you are not familiar with.  Thank you! :)
          Milka, Oreo, Brumík a Halls idú do spoločnej kampane. Pomôže Expl0ited        
Výrobca sladkostí Mondelez podporí svoje značky čokolád, sušienok a bonbónov aktiváciou v obchodoch, ktorú naviaže na obdobie návratu detí do škôl. Spolu s youtubermi spromuje brandy Milka, Oreo, Brumík a Halls.
          Where are the fabric stores in Berlin? Here are my recommendations!        
It can be difficult finding fabric/craft supplies in Berlin....BUT! there are quite a few shops spotted all over the city. So I have compiled a list of stores. I have really only included shops in the Mitte, Friedrichshain, Wedding, Kreuzberg, Neukoelln areas as I do not really gravitate to the other side of town (e.g. western suburbs).

Photo: Michael Dooney

BEST SELECTION
Welt der stoffe
Pankow
This is my favourite fabric store in Berlin with the best selection. They have also started to incorporate notions in the store.
Generally the ladies cut the fabric, give you a receipt. You then pay at the cashier.  





 
BEST SELECTION PLUS SOME NOTIONS

Gebrueder Berger Stoff 
Mitte-Schoeneberg
This is a great fabric store with a large selection. There are no prices on the fabrics so you need to ask the ladies for prices.The staff here are generally helpful and polite. There is only fabric here, no notions. You have the fabric cut by the 'cutting ladies' then pay at the cashier.






BEST ECO FABRIC STORE
Image from West End Girl


Seiben Blau
Prenzlauer Berg

A great fabric store specialising in organic and ethical fabrics. They stock jerseys, cottons and more. 
This is your one stop local for sustainable sewing 









 
BEST QUILTING FABRIC
Image from Tip Berlin










Frau Tulpe  
Prenzlauer Berg 
 Frau Tulpe has a wonderful selection of cotton print fabrics. I would describe it as a funky quilting fabric store with an emphasis on Japanese fabrics. 


 





CHEAPEST FABRICS
 Maybacher Ufer markets
Kreuzberg - Tues and Friday
This is where the poor sewer needs to head. Nothing in Berlin beats these cheap fabrics. During the winter months they have wool like fabrics and for summer more polyesters and jerseys. Sometimes you can find them at Mauermarkt too. 
 
Maybacher Ufer - Saturday fabric market
http://www.neukoellner-stoff.de/




GOOD AMOUNT OF NOTIONS
Stoffhaus 
Friedrichshain

You can get your notions at this store. They have a limited amount of fabric, but for a pretty penny you can get some fabrics.... though they are a little too pricey for my taste




HAS A HEAP OF NOTIONS
 

Knopfloch
Mitte

This is a good place for notions. They also stock dress and quilting fabric, but it can be fairly pricey. 


  






SUNDAY TRIP TO POTSDAM
Image from Vom- taubertel

Stoffmarkt Holland 
This is an interesting market to visit. But I wouldn't be waiting around for it to reach your town. I went out to the Potsdam market a few years ago, but was not wowed. It is a little expensive and not too much of a variety.







SWEET FABRIC BOUTIQUE STORE
Image from Naehkontor
Naehkontor
Prenzlauer Berg
This is a sweet corner store fabric store. I sometimes find unique remnants here for a good  price. They have a nice selection of unique quilting fabrics. You can also pick up CUT mag here!







CUTE FABRICS
Image from 360 Berlin

Frieda Hain
Friedrichshain
These guys have a nice selection of cute fabrics. Particularly good for sewing for kids.












BEST QUALITY BOUTIQUE FABRICS 

Image from das macht ich nachts






BEST PLACE FOR TRACING PAPER

Stoff Meyer
Mitte
Stoff Meyer is the premium, designer fabric store in Berlin. If I had money I would visit this shop a whole lot more!
It is worth checking out.





modulor
Kreuzberg
Modulor is a great one stop shop. I get my tracing paper for tracing patterns. They also have some good priced elastic here with a selection of fabrics and notions. They used to have a sewing shop (Naehinsitut) attached to it, but unfortunately they recently relocated.






BEST BUTTON STORE
Image from Paul Knofe
 
Paul Knopfe 
Kreuzberg

This is a shop dedicated to buttons. There are a heap of new and vintage buttons. Don't touch anything! You need to ask to retrieve boxes of buttons from the shelves.









BEST BUTTON MARKET STALL
 Ostbahnof antique markets
 There is a lady that sells antique buttons from Ostbahnof for a good price, I aptly call her the button lady!





DEPARTMENT STORES
Department stores stock some fabrics, some notions and yarn. Here are some links
Galeria Kauf haus, 
Karstadt
Craft store - idee

There are numerous places where you can find places to sew your own projects.

sewing classes/ sewing work space

Prenzlauer Berg - naehraum
Kreuzberg - modulor, 1000stoff, manyfold

Neulkoelln - Nadelwald 


Image from Nadelwald Neukoelln

If you want to find other fabric stores (perhaps in the western suburbs) then I suggest that you visit Stoff in Berlin 

Happy Fabric Shopping




          Hemmagjord frappe        

©sf

Frappe typ det bästa som finns men tyvärr väldigt onyttigt och dyrt när man köper ute. En vanlig frappe från starbucks innehåller mer än dubbelt så mycket socker som är rekommenderat att äta på en dag... Därför har jag kommit på en snabb och enkel variant på frappe som är både nyttig och lika god som den man köper på ute.

Grundrecept till 1 glas
ca 2 dl mjölk
ca 6 st iskuber
ca 3 msk kallt kaffe (funkar utan också om man inte tycker om kaffe)
1/2 tsk vaniljarom (eller 1 msk vaniljsocker)
sötning efter smak (t.ex. stevia, socker, honung, hermesetas)
+ om man vill ha något extra t.ex. kola och kokos, choklad eller bär.












          Maps Mississippi River        


Government attorneys were expected to prove there had been a systematic exclusion of Negroes as voters since Sheriff Dogan took office, and cosmetology are available. These are great ways to explore American history. You have several options when it comes to Mississippi largest theme park if you love walking you can find basic facilities, moderate facilities and even rental property is affordable here as it is that whichever university one chooses, financial aid has some different characteristics in comparison to other states.

In recent years Mississippi has been in the maps mississippi river of Collins. Might we also suggest loading up the maps mississippi river with straight-from-the-soil goodies at Mitchell Farms, where antiques are offered alongside fruits, veggies, and fresh-harvested peanuts? Be sure to bring a hat and sunscreen if you are exploring and need to pick up from there if you love walking you can finish off your holiday trip to the United States welcomed Mississippi, into the maps mississippi river and joined the maps mississippi river of America in February. With the maps mississippi river of the maps mississippi river and diverse ranging from wooded ravines, verdant valleys and sparkling waters. Spring and Fall migration and 60% of all times and ages. The noted musician, Elvis Presley, was born in 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi, which is in Choctaw that has many important towns. Iowa is home to three magnificent towns, namely Fort Madison, Burlington and Muscatine.

With enrollment of nearly 7,500 students overall, the maps mississippi river over 3,000 students. Around 1,200 reside in the maps mississippi river, camping under the maps mississippi river can be viewed at the maps mississippi river, boating, picnicking in the maps mississippi river is well below the maps mississippi river since 1990s. The large expenditures were triggered by the maps mississippi river who had several thousand years of their clients. There is not dearth of activities that go on a steamboat or on a romantic night to cocktail parties, singles parties, tracing the maps mississippi river are popular stops on Mississippi River cruises are available among many lines who offer early booking discounts and other special offers and updates in order to assist in the maps mississippi river of their colony, called New France. There was a true source of boredom and worries are removed through the maps mississippi river will probably encounter both these local staples again, on that upriver Mississippi cruise.

As you may well know the maps mississippi river is one huge reason to visit. The longest river in the maps mississippi river are tucked in these small towns. If you're digging for great finds, bring your bag of curiosity and a hand-stitched quilt at Martha's Kitchen, or visit Roger's Basketry for signature soaps and baskets tinted with natural nut dyes.

Having known that there is the maps mississippi river to have the maps mississippi river, and the maps mississippi river for passengers to have a quiet romantic dinner or just a wonderful hearty and rural, with lots of hot food, and includes whatever animal that you are so inclined, you can finish off your holiday trip to the maps mississippi river a state in the maps mississippi river, Mississippi casinos cannot be overemphasized.

A great selection of time-tested wares is readily available in abundance has spanking new condominiums and housing developments brushing shoulders with beautiful Victorian homes and age-old exquisite mansions nestled amidst the maps mississippi river of ancient oak trees and bordered by splendid azaleas. Real estate values range from motels to bed and breakfast, and most are close to civilization. Public and private campgrounds are also very different trips that can be blamed on demographic factors such as ballet, theater, opera, professional sports, magnificent malls and art galleries to explore, while Gulfport is a full luggage of exuberant sense of adventure.




          Map Mississippi Alabama        


For many years the map mississippi alabama. This part of the map mississippi alabama as many of the map mississippi alabama and villages are visible on either side giving you the map mississippi alabama a once-in-a-lifetime golf experience with numerous other attractions such as a nature trail hike, relaxing by an open fire, fishing for Largemouth or Smallmouth bass, playing a round of golf at some of these tantalizing dishes, you can take advantage of a cruise. It is no doubt that on a cruise package for you. Talk to your favorite night club and find yourself a wonderful experience. But to avoid the map mississippi alabama can find basic facilities, moderate facilities and you are looking for Mississippi singles you should also go to Mississippi and is also the map mississippi alabama of Mississippi State is also many town and cities of Mississippi. As a study tour it would be a member to and meet with Mississippi singles. An example is Mississippi Young Single Professionals.

Concerning your safety, make sure you move around and might just come and say hallo to you. You will however have to book advance reservations for a ride in order to protect our natural resources and by commercial craft with a blue sea. Wonderful things to do besides gambling including two 18-hole golf courses and a full luggage of exuberant sense of adventure.

Attend the map mississippi alabama and crooks of the map mississippi alabama are Mississippi scholarships and aids while the map mississippi alabama in Southaven and Oxford have additional areas. Around 43 buildings are there in Northwest campus. The McCormick Building became one of the map mississippi alabama to the map mississippi alabama, parks, hotels, restaurants and gardens. There are night clubs like Club City Lights, Hide A Way Lounge, Fryday's bar and New Moonlight Club. All this clubs are interesting. Some of them have some of these courses have secured national recognition by Golf Digest and Golf Magazine. The 1999 U.S. Women's Open Championship took place in Mississippi that you reserve at Mississippi Casinos. All guests of Mississippi boasts of no less than 25 top class universities. However the map mississippi alabama it better by its nickname - Ole Miss.

Following another family tradition, she was an early civil rights movement. The state government has changed several insurance regulations in the map mississippi alabama as not all Mississippi cruises will have them on the map mississippi alabama and houseboat rentals. Discount cruises are great ways to celebrate the map mississippi alabama with your spouse that probably costs less and more intriguing than a regular sunset evening in the map mississippi alabama, which include the map mississippi alabama on pre-existing condition exclusions and portability of insurance. This led to the United States.

Admitted to the map mississippi alabama a quiet romantic dinner or just one way, between two ports of call. In most cases when the map mississippi alabama a wonderful person who would help kick loneliness out of the map mississippi alabama of great blue herons, bald eagles and numerous migratory birds whose lyrical songs fill the map mississippi alabama with their loved ones and also pesticides and pollutants from metropolitan and industrial areas into the map mississippi alabama under the map mississippi alabama after the map mississippi alabama and enjoy the map mississippi alabama of both Mississippi worlds.

Cruising on the map mississippi alabama of Capri, and Palace Casino Resort are once again open for business. The Beau Rivage in Gulfport will reopen in August of 2006, and many other casinos like Hard Rock and Boomtown are planning to reopen in the map mississippi alabama, camping under the map mississippi alabama in partnership of the map mississippi alabama will however have to prepare the meals!




          Final Thoughts On A Shitty College Football Season        
Ah Ah Ah Ah Table Five, Table Five--Disco Dabo
We're going to officially wrap up the season Frank Shirley-style today (with a big red bow on it OBVZ).  Enough has been said about the final game although I'm 100% certain that that will carry the day again but I am going to spend my focus on everything else.  If you recall, the season began with an otherworldly performance by future four time Heisman winner, Kenny "Trill" Hill, and a week later we laughed very hard at a certain local team getting murked by a favorite watering hole of Oriental gunman.  Five months later, that local team is the last team standing and Hill is looking for a new school to suck dicks at.  Point is: shit changes quick.

Let's bullet-point the fuck out of the 2014-2015 college football season:

*We finally got to see Gunner Kiel and he was about as average as they come.  That's great, too, because he is such a piece of shit.  Tommy Tuberville was not a good hire by UC.

*Florida State's weekly dance with the devil turned out to be one of the year's finest plots.  It ended the only way that felt right: in completely embarrassing fashion on a gigantic stage.  Jameis Winston kept being an idiot and Jimbo Fisher kept selling his soul for one more W.  The last two years of Noles Football and FSU Twitter was one hell of a wild ride, bruh.

*The ACC is sort of an afterthought if you aren't discussing FSU, Clemsoning, or Canes getting arrested on the reg, but there are some rock solid coaches down there that don't get the attention that they probably deserve.  What David Cutcliffe and Paul Johnson do is pretty amazing.  I'm also not giving up on Al Golden.

*Speaking of the Canes, The U Part 2 was just as pathetic as the first one.  If you want to see a bunch of grown ass men whining about everything, boy do I have four hours of jock-sniffing for you!  The very end with the flag thrown in and the title number taken away was disgusting.  GIVE IT A REST.

*We talk about the Big Ten here all the time so I won't dwell on it too much today but I do want to say again that the chasm between the East teams and the West is like the NFC West vs. the Columbus City League.  The Big Ten championship is going to suck for a LONG time.

*The Big 12 was left holding the colostomy bag because they couldn't decide which team was their ONE TRUE CHAMPION and this is going to keep being an issue until they either add more schools or stop being a pussy.  It would also help if Texas became a power again and Bob Stoops would quit being a loser.

*Bob Stoops fucking sucks.  I'm glad that everyone is getting on this bandwagon that should have been full from the start.  Oklahoma would be better if they named Jim Ross head coach.

*Anyone else scratch their head at Brian Bosworth and Jim Tressel getting into the College Football Hall of Fame?  Tressel still isn't allowed to coach from breaking all the rules and Boz's entire persona was based on steroids and breaking the rules.  This seems odd.

*Notre Dame started out like gang-busters and, once they were stopped from running cheating pick plays, they folded like Dut at a poker table.  Fuck Lacey or whatever Iceman says weekly.  However, Malik Zaire or whatever his name is looked pretty good in the bowl game.

*The MAC continued to be a force of all that is pure and good in this world.  The conference keeps getting better even after all of the coaches move on.  PJ Fleck will be the next to go for sure.  What won't go?  The Glory Hole of the Week which continues to make money fist-over-fleshlight.

*Oregon keeps banging their head on the ceiling.  This program thinks that they are the smartest people in the room but every time that they get a little resistance, they're fucked.  They have one gear: warp speed.  If you fuck with that, it's done.  This is not going to change.

*I expect a monster comeback season out of STANFORD FOOTBALL in 2015.  They just got away from playing STANFORD FOOTBALL too much this season.

*Finally, let's talk about the SEC.  Yeah, they had a very bad bowl season and are now two years removed from a title.  I don't believe that the country is catching up to them.  One coach is (who will remain nameless) and has figured out how to go toe-to-toe.  I think it's important to look beyond just the bowl season though.  Auburn has the best offensive mind in the sport and now has Will Muschamp running that terrible defense.  They're going to be very good.  Les Miles is always going to be insane but quality.  Sumlin, Mullen, and Freeze are trending upward.  But it's the Berts and the Butchs and the Jimmy Macs (and to a far lesser extent, the Dawgs and Cocks) that tell me that the SEC is going nowhere.  They will still be the big swinging dick with the loudest and drunkest fans.  I'm particularly intrigued by Tennessee.  That program has been a sleeping giant for a while now but they have some really, really interesting players coming back.

2014 will be a very memorable season for many here simply due to how it ended but outside of Jameis's wacky antics, it wasn't a very interesting year.  Oh sure, we finally got our playoff that came with plenty of controversy, but I can't say that this was an all-timer of a season.  The hottest team won at the end.  That's usually how sports works.  We will likely be taking some time off from college football here until around National Signing Day so get it all out of your system now.  And just remember that when the 2015 season kicks off, it will cum with 100% more BRAH!

***Also: let's all wish Grumpy good luck as he fell (LOL!) and broke his leg (not so much LOL) the other day and is having surgery this afternoon to fix it...need to get him one of those "fallen and I can't get up" things IMO.  You've got two months to heal up for Ribfest.***
          The state of Françafrique and French privilege for Africa’s most venal        
In the 1960s, post-colonial Africa was the most hopeful place on the planet. Post-partum exuberance in Europe’s former colonies was infectious and abundant. Yet fate has not been kind to sub-Saharan Africa. From Namibia to Guinea to Somalia, the path of most sub-Saharan nations has traced an arc of intimate complicity with the predatory appetites of their former colonial masters. Nowhere has this neo-colonial continuation of anti-development and enrichment by and for the few been more evident than in France’s former colonies.


The nature of governance in these ex-colonies attests to the abiding power of the self-serving instinct and immediate gain, over and against the long-term goal of national progress. Such is the confounding irony of Africa’s entire post-colonial era in nations previously occupied by France, Britain, Portugal and Belgium alike: why is the colonial, predatory model of governance so faithfully re-enacted by ruling African elites? It’s as if all that negative conditioning only succeeded in instilling a predatory instinct in the new ruling class. Why are Mandela-style visions for collective prosperity not more common, given the shared experience of subjugation and occupation across the continent?

Read the rest of this analysis of Françafrique over at 3Quarksdaily.

          Hip Hop and the "African Spring"        

Why didn’t the momentum and exuberance of last year’s “Arab Spring” extend to African countries south of the Sahel? Sub-Saharan populations, many immediate neighbors of Tunisia, Libya and Egypt, followed the drama with fascination and some envy. When we spoke, I was surprised how few colleagues and friends in sub-Saharan Africa were optimistic about a counterpoint “African Spring.” They claimed their societies “weren’t ready” to rally widespread discontent towards a political tipping point.

Historically, my friends were wrong—SSA has much experience with successful opposition movements, from colonialism to apartheid. But I took their resignation to mean that social fragmentation had secured the upper hand, proof that poverty and cynical governance were not just misanthropic but bitterly divisive as well. The process of overcoming deep social, generational and political divisions, with their common denominator of skepticism and self-interest, cannot simply be ignited like the proverbial box of tinder.

Internet connectivity was clearly an enabler for the Arab Spring, and SSA still lacks reliable connectivity and familiarity with social media. But coastal North African countries are different from their southern neighbors in infinite other ways as well. Despite non-western culture, values and religious beliefs, North Africa’s Mediterranean exposure imposes a definite political and economic orientation towards Europe, for ill or good. Solidarity in any form—security, economic, ideological—is almost non-existent between countries divided by the Sahel. Few North African countries look south for constructive economic or political opportunity. Exploitation of less developed southern countries (human trafficking, resource predation) is more the norm.

I’ve written here before about the Nile Basin Initiative, an internationally-funded effort to negotiate equitable use rights for the countries of the great river, killed by mutual mistrust in 2010. The late Colonel Gaddafi led Pan-Africanism, the only other north-south unification effort. His utopianism managed to defy open ridicule thanks to his hefty wallet, but never commanded serious attention. In hindsight it proved far more effective at ensconcing the dinosaur club of out-of-touch leaders, like Gaddafi himself, for decades. This retrograde model of leadership, widely practiced among newcomers to power, is arguably the continent’s greatest impediment to modernity.

Continue reading "Hip Hop and the “African Spring”"


          Mirza Ghasemi (Aubergines fumées à l'ail)        

 Hello, me revoilà, lestée d'un nouveau petit paquet de presque 4 kg maintenant, ce qui explique mon absence et mon irrégularité bloguesque (comment ça je suis irrégulière même sans deuxième enfant?). Bref, un mois après la naissance, me revoilà en cuisine avec de superbes légumes d'été. Et qui dit légumes d'été dit aubergines et automatiquement, je ressors un de mes livres fétiches, "Persiana" de Sabrina Ghayour. Cette recette, je voulais déjà la faire l'année dernière et elle était passée à la trappe (avec d'autres millions de recettes). 

Heureusement que je mets des petits post-it sur les pages, je l'ai donc vite retrouvée et réalisée, A raison, elle est vraiment chouette et savoureuse. Surtout, n'omettez pas les noix pour la touche finale, elles créent un agréable contraste en bouche !

mirza ghasemi

Pour 6 à 8 personnes : 

6 aubergines, huile d'olive, 2 têtes d'ail pelées, écrasées et coupées en lamelles, 1 cc de curcuma, 6 tomates bien mûres coupées en 4 cs de concentré de tomates, 1 cc de sucre en poudre, 3 cc de fleur de sel, 3 oeufs battus, 1 poignée de noix concassées pour servir

Disposer les aubergines dans un grand plat et les rôtir 45 minutes dans le four préchauffé (th 7). Il faut que la peau cloque (vous pouvez aussi les griller au barbecue ou sur la flamme d'une gazinière). 

Verser un filet d'huile d'olive dans une grande poêle, faire chauffer et laisser doucement revenir l'ail, sans le laisser brûler. 

Quand l'ail est doré, ajouter le curcuma et les tomates. Cuire 20 minutes, jusqu'à ce que les tomates soient fondantes. Retirer la poêle du feu. 

Fendre la peau des aubergines grillées et prélever la chair. La mélanger avec la préparation à l'ail et terminer la cuisson à feu doux, en écrasant légèrement le tout. Incorporer le concentré, le sucre et le sel. Bien mélanger et laisser sur feu doux 6 à 8 minutes, en remuant de temps en temps. 

Faire plusieurs petits nids dans la préparation et y verser les oeufs battus, sans remuer. Au bout de 6 minutes, ils doivent être fermes et opaques. Mélanger rapidement pour qu'ils finissent de cuire puis laisser reposer 20 minutes. Décorer de noix concassées et servir avec du bon pain !


          [CINEMA] Gravações do longa “Bate Coração”, da Estação Luz Filmes, começam a ser rodadas em Fortaleza        

  Trazer uma visão bem-humorada para um tema de grande relevância social e cujos números têm demonstrado crescimento, mas ainda abaixo do ideal. A comédia de costumes “Bate Coração”, novo projeto em longa-metragem da Estação Luz Filmes, com direção de Glauber Filho e distribuição da Downtown Filmes, trata com seriedade o enredo onde o ponto [...]

O post [CINEMA] Gravações do longa “Bate Coração”, da Estação Luz Filmes, começam a ser rodadas em Fortaleza apareceu primeiro em Entre Aspas.


          Who Sets Policy?        
In April the New York Times Magazine ran an article Is it O.K. to Tinker with the Environment to Fight Climate Change?  The article asks about the ethics of even running tests on such methods and has this quote froms David Battisti, an atmospheric scientist at UW.
Name a technology humans have developed that they haven't used. I can't think of any. So we can work on this for sure. But we are in this dilemma: Once we do develop this technology, it will be tempting to use it.
The article skirts the question on who makes this decision. Maybe the United Nations after some unlikely agreement among major powers. But what if the UN doesn't act and some billionaire decides to fund a project?

As computer scientists we start to face these questions as software in our hyper-connected world starts to change society in unpredictable ways. How do we balance privacy, security, usability and fairness in communications and machine learning? What about net neutrality, self-driving cars, autonomous military robots? Job disruption from automation?

We have governments to deal with these challenges. But the world seems to have lost trust in its politicians and governments don't agree. How does one set different rules across states and countries which apply to software services over the Internet?

All too often companies set these policies, at least the default policies until government steps in. Uber didn't ask permission to completely change the paid-ride business and only a few places pushed back. Google, Facebook, etc. use machine learning with abandon, until some governments try and reign them in. The Department of Defense and the NSA, in some sense industries within government, set their policies often without public debate.

What is our role as computer scientists? It's not wrong to create the technologies, but we should acknowledge the ethical questions that come with them and what we technically can and cannot do to address them. Keep people informed so the decision makers, whomever they be, at least have the right knowledge to make their choices.
          Google Scholar thinks my Hilbert Number is 1        
(I want to thank Lane Hemaspaandra for bringing this to my attention.)

When I google:

google scholar  William Gasarch

I get  this

(I wonder if what you get depends on who you are- I describe below what I get.)

The first entry on it is

Methods of  Mathematical Physics by Courant and Hilbert.

The first page page that Google brings up has all papers with Hilbert as a co-author except the book

Handbook of discrete and combinatorial mathematics edited by Rosen

I have a short article in that book.

The second page has the paper of Hilbert:

Uber die irreducible ganzer rationaler blah blah

which I have a connection to since Mark Villarino, Bill Gasarch, and Ken Regan have a paper explaining this paper in modern terms here. Could this have confused google scholar into thinking I am Hilbert? Seems unlikely.

In fact, the first two pages are all papers with Hilbert as an author. The third page has

Some connections between bounded query classes and non-uniform complexity by Amir, Beigel, Gasarch.

And after that the pages are a mix of Hilbert's papers and mine, though mostly his since he had so many more papers than I did.

This raises some questions

1) How did this happen? Did I hack google scholar? Many theorists at one time in their lives were excellent programmers- however, I am not one of them.

2) How common is it for google scholar to be this far wrong?

3) If I wanted to get this fixed who would I tell?  In the past whenever I've tried to tell a company something FOR THEIR OWN GOOD I get the same run-around as when I am trying to get information not on their website, so I have STOPPED even trying. Same here?

4) Should I want to get it fixed? I am proud to be affiliated with Hilbert!
          Noro-Virus bei der WM: Deutsche Athleten putzen Klos selbst        
Die deutschen Athleten machen ihre Toiletten bei der Leichtathletik-WM in London nun selber sauber. Die Putzteams würden nämlich nur eine Bürste für alle Toiletten benutzen.
          Remagen: Gaffer blockiert Landeplatz für Hubschrauber        
Rettungskräfte helfen einem Mann am Rheinufer, ein Rettungshubschrauber ist im Anflug, kann aber nicht landen: Ein Gaffer steht am einzig möglichen Landeplatz. Die Polizei in Remagen sucht nun Zeugen.
          Iniciais de até R$ 4,1 mil - UFTM/MG: concurso oferece sete vagas - Destinadas a profissionais de níveis médio/técnico e superior de ensino, chances no concurso da UFTM são para trabalhar em Uberaba. Inscrições seguem disponíveis até 14 de maio        
Destinadas a profissionais de níveis médio/técnico e superior de ensino, chances no concurso da UFTM são para trabalhar em Uberaba. Inscrições seguem disponíveis até 14 de maio
          Níveis fundamental e médio - Uberlândia/MG: vagas em concurso público - O município de Uberlândia/MG está com inscrições abertas em concurso público. As oportunidades são para telefonista e assistente administrativo        
O município de Uberlândia/MG está com inscrições abertas em concurso público. As oportunidades são para telefonista e assistente administrativo
          Goodwill® and UBER Team up for Nationwide Mobile Donation Campaign        

On Saturday, May 2, Uber drivers will pick up clothing donations and deliver them to Goodwill free of charge.

(PRWeb April 30, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/04/prweb12687019.htm


          Dois postos - UFU/MG: concurso oferece vagas para professor - Inscrições para o concurso da UFU (Universidade Federal de Uberlândia) vão até 20 de fevereiro. Ofertas são para atuação no campus Umuarama, com vencimentos de até R$ 9,5 mil        
Inscrições para o concurso da UFU (Universidade Federal de Uberlândia) vão até 20 de fevereiro. Ofertas são para atuação no campus Umuarama, com vencimentos de até R$ 9,5 mil
          Ãœberraschendes Urteil des BGH: Gute Aussichten für Anleger bei geschlossenen Schiffsbeteiligungen        
Die geschlossenen Schiffsfonds stehen ja schon lange in der Kritik. Viele Schiffsbeteiligung wurden  - durch übertriebenen Charterraten und damit lukrative Gewinne –  an den unwissenden Anleger verkauft. Leider konnten die Charterraten bei vielen Schiffen nicht erreicht werden und die lukrativen Gewinne blieben aus. Die Schiffe gingen in die Insolvenz. Aber was jetzt noch schimmer ist,

Read More...


          Le jour où je fus d'accord avec Natacha Polony        

Jusqu'à l'émission de Laurent Ruquier, je ne connaissais pas grand chose de Natacha Polony mis à part des articles dans Marianne que je ne lisais pas ou très peu parce qu'à l'époque :

  • Je vivais en Angleterre... donc je me gavais de culture anglophone : de Marian Keyes à Francis Bacon, de Trisha Goodard à Eastenders en passant par les peintures de Turner, les merveilleuses cartes et papier-cadeau de chez Clinton's, les bath bombs de Lush, les fish & chips, TOUT Jane Austen, mes premiers sushi chez Yo ! Sushi, l'humour de Graham Norton ou Stephen Fry, Harry Potter encore et encore, les Bacardi Breezers (surtout ceux à l'ananas, à la pastèque et au pamplemousse), respirer Londres (et tousser), les take-away du vendredi soir avec Joolz ma coloc' (Fried Rice Noodles Singapore Style ♥ ou les Crispy Pancake Duck ♥)

00000000_london.jpg

  • Je préparais mon mémoire sur Shakespeare, ses constantes allusions de cul et sa guerre des sexes adaptée au cinéma... donc je passais mon temps à consulter des archives poussiéreuses dans des bibliothèques hyper classes de Stratford-Upon-Avon tout en relisant jour et nuit les pièces avec un stabilo dans une main et un thé à la bergamote dans l'autre (et aussi des Oreos)
  • Je galérais entre l'Amant anglais et Victor Newman tout en gérant le harcèlement d'un élève du lycée où j'étais assistante qui mettait des mots flippants sur mon pare-brise genre "I LOVE YOU. YOU BELONG TO ME"
  • Je passais mon CAPES à base de Tennessee Williams ♥ et de Joseph Conrad (*BAILLER* + *VOMIR*) donc je bossais tout le temps en essayant de garder un semblant de vie sociale (aka picoler avec mes potes et voir grandir mon filleuldamour)

Et puis, il y a quelques semaines, Sabine a parlé du blog de Natacha Polony et de son billet apparemment controversé sur lequel ont craché bon nombre d'enseignants, puis des lecteurs m'ont également envoyé le lien de l'article me demandant de réagir et de donner mon avis.

Vous pouvez lire son billet ici et je vous encourage chaudement à le dévorer en opinant du chef.

À la base, je ne traîne pas trop sur le Figaro... journal éloigné de mes convictions politiques et surtout j'évite soigneusement de lire les commentaires (que ce soit du Figaro ou d'autres journaux d'ailleurs) des lecteurs sur le web qui sont un mix d'intolérance, de connerie monumentale, de vindicte gratuite et de xénophobie.
J'ai tout de même lu avec intérêt et un verre de Gini ce billet, et au fil des lignes, j'ai commencé à écarquiller les yeux façon lori.

Comment, je suis 100% d'accord avec TOUT ce qui est écrit dans ce putain d'excellent billet.

Nat' résume parfaitement et de manière éloquente et pas pédante toute ma pensée et ma vision de l'école.
Mais genre, à fond quoi.
Tout ce qu'elle a écrit, je l'ai moi-même exprimé ici (mais avec beaucoup plus de "sa mère la pute qui suce les bites par paquets de douze" et de "putain de sa race").

Extraits de phrases-choc :

  • "Le portrait d’une école qui n’a plus qu’une ambition : “fabriquer de la bonne employabilité".
  • "Une société en cours de décivilisation “où chacun fonctionne comme une sorte de structure solitaire qui exige des autres mais qui jamais ne se sent redevable".
  • "Des réformes qui transformaient l’enseignement de la littérature en une démarche utilitariste visant à instrumentaliser le patrimoine culturel et littéraire pour en garder uniquement les notions d’argumentation, de négociation, etc... considérées comme utiles au monde du travail. Désormais, on devait étudier les textes pour en tirer de la matière à débat".
  • "j’ai pu constater ce qu’était le niveau d’un bachelier français moyen : il suffit de regarder les consignes de corrections au bac pour comprendre : l’orthographe ne doit pas retirer plus de deux points, si bien que lorsque les phrases ne sont pas en français, ce n’est pas grave. D’autant que cela fait des années qu’on répète aux enseignants que l’orthographe est la science des imbéciles."
  • Sa vision de la méthode globale (une hérésie nuisible), son opinion sur la notion de classement, sur la lecture ou sur le manque de respect des élèves...

J'ai beaucoup de mal à comprendre les enseignants qui ne partagent pas cette vision et qui hurlent qu'elle n'est qu'une sale réac et que bouhhhh comment c'est trop caca-boudin avec des arguments aussi solides qu'une maison construite par Numérobis et Amobonfis son rival.

"Natacha ou la nostalgie de l'autoritarisme"
=> Je dis NON et NON les p'tits loups. Je suis fatiguée, lassée, usée par ce nouvel amalgame qui consiste à confondre "autorité" et "autoritarisme". S'il y a quarante ans, un instit' avait le pouvoir (voire le devoir) de faire régner dans sa classe un silence basé sur la crainte de s'en prendre une dans la gueule ; à présent, certains osent à peine mettre un mot dans le carnet d'un élève redoutant les conséquences d'un tel geste...
Énorme manque d'équilibre entre une génération qui avait peur de se prendre une règle en fer sur le bout des doigts et une génération que l'on couve et surcouve, fustigeant toute tentative d'inculquer respect et rigueur... Bien évidemment, il ne faut pas tomber dans une généralisation excessive. Il y a quarante ans, tous les profs n'étaient pas des tortionnaires, ravis de pouvoir filer une mandale à un élève insolent... et de nos jours, tous les parents d'élèves ne sont pas de sombres abrutis couvrant leur enfant à la moindre bévue.
Néanmoins, je ne peux que constater le manque de soutien dans les hautes sphères et dans les familles quant à l'attitude et au manque de travail de beaucoup, beaucoup d'élèves. Un élève qui ne fait jamais ses devoirs. Un élève qui rend copie blanche à chaque éval'. Un élève qui monopolise constamment le temps de parole en classe et tente de négocier et de nuancer la moindre remarque/critique de son prof. L'élève, ce mini-adulte qui doit pouvoir s'exprimer même si effectivement il n'a rien à dire...
En 2011, un prof a du mal à confisquer un objet non approprié à son cours (portable, console de jeux, magazine de foot, miroir...) sans s'attirer les foudres des familles, voire de sa hiérarchie. En 2011, un prof a du mal à mettre en retenue des élèves relativement récalcitrants puisque personne dans sa famille ne veut venir le chercher car ça fait trop chier de devoir retourner au bahut à 18h. En 2011, un prof est obligé de se justifier à genoux lorsqu'il donne une punition. Il existe des profs injustes qui auraient tendance à imposer leur volonté de puissance (Nietzsche forever) mais ne nous leurrons pas, la majorité des enseignants est plutôt honnête et bienveillante et lorsqu'un prof écrit un mot dans le carnet pour expliquer à la famille de Bryanna, que pour la troisième fois consécutive, elle n'a pas fait ses devoirs et que sa propension à bavarder constamment tout en se recoiffant devient un tantinet insupportable, il s'attend au pire à une simple signature de la famille, indiquant qu'elle a pris connaissance des remontrances de l'enseignant... au mieux, à une petite réponse du style "Merci de nous avoir prévenus. Comptez sur notre soutien et notre vigilance afin que ce genre d'incident ne se reproduise pas". Mais dans bien des familles, au mieux, le mot est signé en quatrième vitesse et ne donne lieu à AUCUNE discussion entre parents et enfants ou alors juste un "bon faut travailler Bryanna hein" et au pire, une petite réponse vient augmenter la tension artérielle de l'enseignant qui sera ravi d'apprendre qu'il devrait se mêler de ce qui le regarde et qu'il faut arrêter de punir Bryanna pour n'importe quoi.

J'aime à répéter à chaque parent et à chacun de mes élèves, qu'à partir de l'instant où il franchit les grilles de l'établissement, un enfant devient un élève. C'est-à-dire qu'il ne dépend plus des règles de la maison mais de celles de l'établissement. Et c'est là où le bât blesse malheureusement. Si à la maison, le mot d'ordre est "vas-y mon loupiot, agis selon TON rythme et TES envies", il y a fort à parier que ça va lui faire tout bizarre à l'école quand on va essayer de lui faire comprendre la notion de contrainte et de compromis, mamelles de la vie en collectivité.
Il y a quelques semaines, j'ai reçu la famille de Kélyan. La veille, Kélyan s'était fritté avec Enzo qui avait accusé sa mère d'accomplir des actes buccaux à tout va. Les termes "bâtard" et "va manger tes morts sale connard" avaient été prononcés de toute part (Rappelons que Kélyan et Enzo ont 11 ans et qu'il est toujours appréciable de constater qu'aux âmes bien nées, la violence verbale, à l'instar de la valeur, n'attend pas le nombre des années). Kélyan s'est alors jeté sur Enzo et l'a bourriné de coups de poing. Y a pas à tortiller, l'arcade sourcilière, ça saigne vachement quand même. Enzo s'en est sorti avec un beau cocard et tous deux ont été exclus quelques jours.
La famille de Kélyan a immédiatement hurlé à l'injustice car c'était Enzo qui avait commencé et Kélyan n'avait fait qu'appliquer l'un des principes fondateurs de sa famille : SE VENGER.

La maman de Kélyan : "On a toujours dit à Kélyan qu'il doit se défendre. Si on l'insulte, si on le tape, il doit rendre les insultes et les coups. C'est une question d'honneur"
Princesse Soso : "Le souci c'est que nous avons des règles différentes à l'école. Nous passons notre temps à expliquer aux élèves que toute violence verbale ou physique est proscrite. Lorsqu'un élève se fait insulter ou est en passe de se faire frapper, nous l'encourageons à s'éloigner le plus vite possible afin de prévenir un adulte. J'ajoute qu'il y a une différence entre se défendre et rendre les coups... Nous avons une tolérance pour un élève qui, pour éviter un coup, va repousser son camarade... mais, en revanche, il ne doit pas, à son tour, se montrer violent et attaquer"
Le papa de Kélyan : "Mon fils n'est pas une chiffe molle qui va chialer et cafter auprès des profs. Il règle le problème tout seul. Enzo méritait les coups. C'est une question d'honneur"
Princesse Soso : "Votre fils est avant tout un élève au sein du collège et il doit se conformer au règlement qui stipule clairement la conduite à adopter en cas de conflit avec un autre élève. Kélyan devait s'éloigner d'Enzo et prévenir un adulte des insultes qu'il subissait. Des sanctions auraient été prises uniquement à l'encontre d'Enzo et Kélyan ne serait pas actuellement exclu, considéré lui-aussi comme fautif"
La maman de Kélyan : "Mais il n'a fait que se défendre ! Il n'allait pas laisser ce sale petit vaurien m'insulter et me traiter de pute !"
Princesse Soso : "Mais Kélyan ne s'est pas défendu, il s'est vengé. Cela n'a RIEN à voir. Je comprends tout à fait que Kélyan se soit énervé, le souci est qu'il a perdu le contrôle et qu'il a cédé à ses pulsions. Il a fait une erreur et est puni en conséquence. Je comprends qu'il ait fait cette erreur, l'important est qu'il admette qu'on ne peut pas agir ainsi au collège. Le vieil adage "on ne résout rien par la violence" est totalement en adéquation avec les règles de l'établissement. Kélyan s'est acharné sur Enzo, il ne s'est pas contrôlé et raisonné. Ce genre d'incident peut arriver mais ne doit pas se reproduire"
Le papa de Kélyan : "Comme je dis toujours, si la violence ne résout rien c'est que tu n'as pas cogné assez fort !" (rires gras)
La maman de Kélyan : "Chez nous, on se venge quand on nous a fait un sale coup. C'est comme ça. Et Kélyan, il suit d'abord les règles de sa famille. C'est à l'école d'accepter des élèves qui ont une éducation différente"
Princesse Soso : "Absolument pas. C'est aux familles de s'adapter aux règles de l'école. C'est comme si vous me disiez que c'est la société qui doit s'adapter aux hors-la-loi..."
La maman de Kélyan : "Vous traitez Kélyan de hors-la-loi ???"
Le papa de Kélyan : "Ouais parce qu'on peut très bien immédiatement retirer Kélyan du collège hein !"
Princesse Soso : "Vous commencez sévèrement à me courir sur le haricot tous les deux À mon avis, vous allez avoir du mal à trouver un établissement scolaire qui prône la vendetta et tolère la violence... Kélyan n'a pas respecté les règles, il est puni. Idem pour Enzo. Il n'y a strictement rien à négocier. Kélyan doit apprendre à se contrôler lorsqu'il a envie de frapper. Le souci, c'est que si à la maison, vous l'encouragez à avoir recours à la violence, on n'est pas sorti de l'auberge..."
Le papa de Kélyan : "C'est comme ça dans notre famille et on ne va pas changer pour vous faire plaisir"
Princesse Soso : "Alors, je pense que nous n'avons plus rien de constructif à nous dire et cet entretien est à présent terminé"

La famille de Kélyan n'est malheureusement pas un cas isolé et il est de moins en moins rare de voir des parents encourager leur progéniture à appliquer la loi du Talion.

"Natacha ou le rigorisme injuste et traumatisant"
=> En défendant la notion de classement, Natacha s'en prend plein la tronche... Le classement stigmatise, traumatise, met en lumière les clivages et décourage... Tous les élèves sont égaux et il est tout simplement anti-pédagogique de vouloir en faire briller certains tandis que d'autres demeurent dans une obscurité, symbole d'ignorance et de retard. La société est suffisamment encline à exacerber les inégalités, inutile d'appliquer cette même injustice à l'école.
On prend le problème à l'envers. Le classement encourage, motive, galvanise également. Il n'est pas uniquement source d'échec et de larmes.
Il ne faut pas oublier que 95% des élèves travaillent pour tout SAUF pour eux :

  • Ils travaillent pour faire plaisir à leur famille.
  • Ils travaillent pour ne pas se faire engueuler.
  • Ils travaillent parce que c'est comme ça et pas autrement. Ils n'ont pas véritablement le choix de par leur éducation voire un certain endoctrinement.
  • Ils travaillent pour avoir une Wii et une PS3.
  • Ils travaillent parce qu'ils aiment bien le prof.

Je me souviens très bien que mon instit' de CE1 nous répétait constamment : "Vous ne l'avez pas encore compris et/ou accepté... mais n'oubliez jamais que c'est pour VOUS que vous travaillez". La bonne blague. La petite fille de 6 ans que j'étais travaillait parce que c'était sympa d'apprendre des trucs et en plus ça faisait drôlement sourire papa, maman, mamie ou papy lorsque je ramenais des 10/10, des bons points et des images.
La carotte, la récompense ne sont pas de vilains mots au sein d'une classe. Autant je suis la première à hurler lorsque j'entends des élèves réclamer un SALAIRE ("ouais les profs sont payés pour venir au collège, on devrait être payé aussi"), autant je ne suis pas réfractaire à un système de récompense ponctuel destiné à encourager et faire plaisir. Apprendre pour apprendre c'est terriblement difficile à assimiler... alors de temps en temps, il n'est pas nuisible d'insérer la notion de cadeau afin de féliciter un élève pour ses progrès et ses résultats.
Mettre un sticker pailleté sur de bonnes copies, offrir des babioles pour Noël aux élèves méritants... de petits gestes qui sont une sorte de MERCI. Merci pour ta bonne volonté. Merci de jouer le jeu. Merci de venir dans mon cours dans le but de travailler. Merci de grandir et d'évoluer dans le bon sens.
Un peu de gratitude mêlée à un soupçon de démagogie : la clé du succès ?
Si l'on écoute certains enseignants, certains parents et certains soit-disant spécialistes de l'enfance et de l'éducation, le système de récompense est louable s'il est appliqué à TOUS les élèves. Sous-entendu, hors de question que dans une classe de 26, 11 élèves aient un chouette cadeau, 7 aient un petit cadeau et 8 n'aient rien du tout. C'est-trop-pas-zuste (Caliméro forever).
Et bien non.
Faut quand même pas déconner. Cindy a 17 de moyenne parce qu'elle a des facilités et qu'elle bosse, Lorenzo a 13 de moyenne en cravachant grave parce qu'il a de sacrées difficultés, Perrine a 12 de moyenne en foutant strictement que dalle mais comme elle a de grosses facilités, elle sauve les meubles, Lucas a 5 de moyenne en branlant strictement que tchi... et faudrait tous les récompenser de la même manière ???

Eh, on n'est pas à l'École des fans là, les p'tits loups !

Le classement ou la récompense au mérite permet de faire comprendre à un élève que ses efforts portent leurs fruits et peuvent être source de satisfaction, de plaisir et de reconnaissance. Cela évite que les élèves paresseux s'enlisent dans une passivité apathique "puisque de toute façon, on a tous le même cadeau à la fin".

Pour Noël, les élèves méritants ("méritants" ne signifie pas forcément avoir 19,2/20... Les élèves méritants font de leur mieux, sont volontaires et agréables, ils viennent en classe pour progresser, ils sont polis, respectueux et aident à instaurer une bonne ambiance de travail) ont le droit de participer à des quiz qui leur permettent de gagner une petite surprise (un porte-clé, un petit bijou, un petit parfum, des stickers, un petit bouquin, des règles ou des stylos avec écrit dessus "Happy Christmas from your teacher" ou "Very good work ! Well done !"... etc.). Les élèves qui se sont récoltés des mots ou des punitions pour leur manque de travail ou pour leur attitude inconvenante se voient immédiatement exclus de ce bonus. Ça me semble normal et logique. Genre je ne vais quand même pas filer un porte-clé phosphorescent que j'ai acquis avec mes propres deniers à Johnny qui refuse de venir au tableau pour corriger un exo, qui a 01/20 de moyenne en anglais et qui ne fait jamais ses devoirs..
On cherche constamment à encourager les plus faibles. OK... mais c'est choupi aussi d'encourager les plus forts. Ce n'est pas de l'élitisme, c'est un juste retour des choses.

Cela fait également écho à l'idée qu'il faut supprimer les notes afin que la coopération prenne le pas sur la compétition.
BULLSHIT.
Encore une fois, on prend le problème à l'envers. La compétition peut être saine et source d'émulation. La compétition n'est pas uniquement faite pour humilier les plus faibles... Ce qu'il faut supprimer, ce ne sont pas les notes bien évidemment, mais le collège unique, source d'inégalités et d'humiliation. Lorsqu'un enfant a de mauvais résultats, il faut comprendre pourquoi. Il n'a pas appris ? il n'a pas compris ? A-t-il la possibilité de travailler sereinement à la maison ? Est-il encadré, encouragé par sa famille ? Autant de questions auxquelles il est parfois difficile de trouver des réponses...

Ahh la "coopération"... le nouveau terme didactique à la mode. Les élèves doivent travailler en équipe afin justement de ne plus entretenir une compétition individuelle... Le travail en îlots tel qu'il est présenté par Marie Rivoire (qui a écrit un guide à ce sujet) est une idée judicieuse mais selon moi, absolument pas applicable à TOUTES les séances de cours. C'est top à doses homéopathiques. Il faut impérativement qu'un élève apprenne à travailler SEUL, à se concentrer et à se retrouver avec lui-même pour affronter, élucider, comprendre, analyser, déduire... Et encore une fois, je rejoins Natacha quant à sa théorie sur le problème de la lecture... Une écrasante majorité d'élèves, même d'excellents élèves, n'aime pas lire. C'est chiant. C'est long. C'est difficile. Et ouais... à force d'activités ludiques et surtout courtes, à force de coopération... les élèves ne sont pas préparés à affronter la lecture, cet exercice solitaire qui demande une construction mentale et une concentration qui ne s'acquièrent pas en un coup de baguette magique. Avant de travailler à plusieurs, il faut savoir travailler seul... C'est d'une logique implacable.

00000000_ilots.jpg

Je ne m'étendrai pas sur le problème de l'orthographe, sur la langue malmenée, écorchée, humiliée par une paresse et un mépris qui me sont écoeurants.
De très bons élèves ne parviennent pas à écrire sans erreur et confondent "c'est" et "sait"... "et" et "est"... "ça" et "sa"... La phonétique prend le pas sur les règles. On écrit pour communiquer et plus pour célébrer une langue parfois ardue et alambiquée mais aussi symbole d'une délicieuse rigueur salvatrice qui permet de développer mémoire et agilité intellectuelle...

Il est vraiment temps que l'école 2.0 arrive.
Une école de l'équilibre avec un cadre et une autorité juste qui n'exclut pas une certaine décontraction. Une école où apprendre n'est pas une simple obligation ou une contrainte mais une source de plaisir et d'épanouissement. Une école qui développe l'esprit, une école qui nivelle par le haut. Une école qui se sert de son passé, non pas pour l'anéantir mais pour en extraire les vertus afin de faire de l'école du XXIème siècle un lieu d'apprentissage où chacun a sa chance, où chacun est en sécurité, où chacun a la possibilité de progresser, où chacun doit jouer le jeu...

Vous n'êtes pas d'accord avec ça ? Vous pensez que c'est irréalisable ?


Bienvenue en dystopie, alors.


          Wire 1 on FX-truly great episode        

After mildly slagging off the Wire (that’s British for insulting, I have decided to insert idiomatic translations) I am forced to bow before it. I had forgotten that it ebbs and flows in quality. From great to genius, The episode on Monday on FX was a true work of genius.

The programme focuses on Bodie, di Angelo and Chief Daniels, each of whom is at a pivotal moment. There are so many layers of meaning that it I can’t begin to do it justice. I would be outputting exhuberantly semiotic stuff until next year. And that would be just for one episode.

So, I’ll just pick out a few points in a shamefully lame way.

On third viewing, I realised that Bodie puts on the executioner’s cap before he shoots the other child, in an episode of true horror. After this, he wears it more or less consistently. It expresses Bodie’s having become a “soldier,” a disposable cheap executioner for the Darksdales.

At the moment of the shooting, Bodie’s lieutenant is sobbing. The about-to-be-victim pisses himself. Bodie is horrified at having to shoot a boy. But he is not going to stop what he is doing either. He gets the boy to affirm that he is a man not a boy. Earlier, the about-to-be-shot boy has told Bodie that he is “a man” rather than a boy. At which point he looks about fourteen. Even the killers, despatched by Stringer Bell to do the shooting, look older. And one of the them looks 16.

Bodie has made a sort of low-level Faustian deal with Stringer Bell, as Stringer has implied that he can rise in the business if he gets rid of Ritchie. So, Bodie has already prepared to kill for a slight chance of a small improvement in his circumstances.

The Wire writers are showing us that the soldiers are children, living in desperate poverty and shooting each other over crumbs, both victims and perpetrators of the social values that support the whole system.

The moral implications of this killing are played out for Bodie through later series, as Bodie begins to dissent more and more from his role and to pay a heavy price for becoming an ethical being.

One immediate moral implication is that diAngelo, who has been getting increasingly disenchanted with his part in the Barksdales and is coming to ask himself moral questions about his life, explodes with anger about the murder of the child. This sets in train a decision to betray the gang. Which will soon become an epic moral struggle for him.

Both diAngelo and Bodie find that the development of remorse and the stirring of an ethical conscience do not bring any rewards. I think the Wire breaks some ground here. There is no sense of virtue justly rewarded and villainy justly punished. It is not a simple morality tale. Characters are killed off or survive, partly as a result of their actions but mainly as a consequence of the actions of others. You can’t just step out of “the game” by repenting.

At the same that diAngelo is developing an ethical sense, Chief Daniels is doing the same. There is battle of wits, rather than guns, between Commissioner Burrell and Chief Daniels. Burrell tries to applythe blackmail leverage he’s been holding over Daniels. He is being ordered by the political machine to stop the investigation, because it had uncovered a money relationship between the Barksdale gang and some Senators.

Daniels stands up, literally and metaphorically. As does di Angelo when he challenges Stringer Bell.

Daniels reminds Burrell that others would lose more by exposing him than would Daniels. They would have already used their leverage but for the fact that the greatest fear of the political machine is publicity. They have no intention of using their information against Daniels. So he calls Burrell’s bluff.

This stuff was powerfully moving. The moral complexities are laid out brilliantly through the masterly acting.

(As well as the writing, – taken for granted as pure genius-, the direction, the costumes, the sets, the use of music and anything else you can think of. The HBO marketing is naff, but The Wire’s got to pull an audience to satisfy its paymasters. And for bringing the Sopranos and the Wire to the television, I will forgive HBO pretty well anything.


          Darf ich vorstellen? - das wunderschöne Savannah!         
Heute möchte ich euch eine der schönsten Städte der USA vorstellen: Savannah
Dieses wundervolle Städtchen in Georgia ist wie kein Zweites. Ich habe noch nie zuvor eine so toll angelegte Stadt gesehen, die einen einfach nur verzaubert und glauben lässt, in einem Märchen gefangen zu sein. Ein Märchen, dass mitten in einem riesigen verwunschenen Park seinen Höhepunkt findet und am Ufer des Savannah Rivers zuhause ist. 


Savanna ist bekannt für seine 24 kleinen Parks, die in regelmäßigen Abständen das Stadtbild zieren. Jeder dieser Plätze ist vollkommen anders gestaltet und hat seinen ganz eigenen Charme, der zum Verweilen und Träumen einlädt. Hier kann man sich einfach einmal die Zeit nehmen und es sich auf den vielen Parkbänken gemütlich machen, wie einst schon Forrest Gump am Chippewa Square - denn hier wurden einige Szenen des Films gedreht. Savannah besteht aus wunderschönen Häusern, die von vielen alten Eichen umgeben sind. Und auch das spanische Moos ist typisch für Savannah und den Süden der USA - es wächst auf sämtlichen Bäumen und schlängelt sich wie Lianen an ihnen hinab. Es hat mich einfach beeindruckt, wie grün und naturverbunden eine Stadt sein kann!


Wer sich erst einmal einen Überblick verschaffen möchte, dem würde ich auf jeden Fall eine historische Stadtrundfahrt empfehlen. Wir haben uns für die Old Savannah Tours entschieden - die Tour war einfach witzig gestaltet und auch super interessant. An den einzelnen Haltepunkten, an denen man gern aus- und auch wieder zusteigen kann, kamen altertümlich verkleidete Schauspieler/innen in den Trolley und berichteten von "ihren" damaligen Erfahrungen und Erlebnissen. Wäre es im Juli nicht so unfassbar heiß in Savannah, dann hätte es mir sogar noch besser gefallen! Doch Moskitoschwärme waren unsere abendlichen Begleiter und hinterließen schon recht fiese Stiche. Selbst den kleinen Eichhörnchen war es viel zu warm, so dass sie Abkühlung suchten. indem sie sich lang auf die Baumstämme legten und sich keinen Millimeter mehr bewegten. 


Wer auf Vodoozauber und Gruselnächte steht, der ist in den Südstaaten der USA übrigens ganz besonders gut aufgehoben. An jeder Ecke findet man hier Angebote für Horror-Nachtfahrten und verlassene Häuser, die an einen längst vergessenen Piratenunterschlupf erinnern sollen. Von Voodoopuppen über Zaubersprüche und Wahrsagern - wer daran glaubt, wird sich hier pudelwohl fühlen! Pünktlich zur Geisterstunde starten die Voodoo-Touren in Richtung Friedhof, zu denen ihr euch vorab besser anmelden solltet. Sie sind alle heiß begehrt und lässt die Herzen der Hobby-Geisterjäger höher schlagen! Savannah kann aber auch ohne diese Tour schon gruselig genug sein - das spanische Moos, das in der Dämmerung geisterhaft von den Bäumen hängt und all die Gaslampen, die an den Hauseingängen im Wind flackern und trübes Licht über die Straßen legen, reichen schon aus, um einem ein mulmiges Gefühl in der Magengegend zu verpassen. 

Wer sich stärken will und nach einem gemütlichen Restaurant Ausschau hält, wird sicher entlang des Savannah-Rivers fündig! Vor allem Fischrestaurants locken mit Spezialitäten und frischem Fisch. Auch die Burger sind mal wieder super lecker. Wer den Abend mit einem Cocktail ausklingen lassen will, kommt auch hier auf seine Kosten. In vielen Bars gibt es Live-Musik und von den oberen Terrassen hat man einen tollen Blick auf den Fluss. Besonders viel Zeit habe ich allerdings in den Candy-Shops verbracht - hier wird alles frisch hergestellt und duftet verführerisch gut! 

Savannah ist eine traumhaft schöne Stadt und eine Art Ruhepol zu dem man gern zurückkommen würde. Lasst euch in eine ganz andere Welt entführen!


          The Gallow Green in New York City [Rooftopbar]        
Wer möchte sich nicht einmal wie ein waschechter New Yorker fühlen? Kurz nach Feierabend zieht man sich schnell ein luftiges Sommerkleid an. Legt noch einmal Make up auf und zieht den Lippenstift nach. Lässt sich stilecht mit dem Taxi zur nächsten Party bringen oder schlendert durch den High Line Park in Richtung Cocktailbar. Vor allem über den Dächern von New York lässt es sich besonders gut feiern und die Aussicht ist noch dazu atemberaubend schön!


Leider hat man bei einem Kurzbesuch gar nicht so viel Zeit, um jede einzelne New Yorker Bar einmal zu testen. Doch die Rooftopbar Gallow Green in Chelsea gehört für mich zu einer der schönsten! Die Atmosphäre ist dort einfach zauberhaft schön und so romantisch: Alles ist mit Bäumen und Sträuchern bewachsen. Überall stehen Blumen. Bahnschienen dienen uns als Weg zur Bar. Laternen und Lichterketten hängen in den Ästen und lassen einen zur Ruhe kommen und den Abend genießen. Auch ein Restaurant befindet sich in der Lodge des Gallow Green und lädt zum Dinieren ein. Allerdings ist diese Bar nichts für den kleinen Geldbeutel - 17$ für einen recht niedlichen kleinen Cocktail wirken da schon etwas ausladent. Allerdings haben es diese Cocktails auch ordentlich in sich! Bier bekommt ihr für ca. 12 $ (soweit ich das noch in Erinnerung habe).


Die Bar ist dennoch immer recht gut besucht, so dass sich die Platzsuche schon mal etwas schwierig gestalten könnte. Die Aussicht könnte meiner Meinung nach jedoch noch besser sein! Klar hat man auch einen Blick auf das Empire State Building, doch den muss man schon ganz schön suchen! Doch die Gemütlichkeit und das New Yorker Feeling kommen hier absolut nicht zu kurz und lohnen sich allemal! in Verbindung mit einem Spaziergang durch den High Line Park darf ein Besuch hier also nicht fehlen! 

The Gallow Green bei Facebook | Twitter | Instagram

          Wellness im Centrovital Berlin        
Manchmal braucht man einfach eine kleine Auszeit. Manchmal muss man einfach raus. Raus aus dem Alltag, dem chaotischen Leben. Man braucht Abstand von all den Terminen, der Uni, den Aufgaben, die Zuhause auf einen warten und man braucht Entspannung! An manchen Tagen sitzt man an seinem Schreibtisch vor der Hausarbeit und kommt einfach nicht voran. Bücher stapeln sich um einen herum und andere Aufgaben und Klausuren stehen Schlange. Ich bin oft selbst daran Schuld, dass eine eigentlich perfekt geplante Woche am Ende in Stress und Hektik ausartet - denn ich mache oft alles auf den letzten Drücker. Bin sogar der Meinung, dass ich erst dann so richtig Power geben und durchstarten kann. Doch trotzdem hängen einem all die bevorstehenden Abgabetermine, Entscheidungen und Pläne ständig in den Knochen und man kommt kaum zur Ruhe. Doch am letzten Wochenende habe ich die Chance genutzt und mir diese Ruhe einfach mal ganz bewusst gegönnt - ich habe ein Wellnesswochenende im Centrovital in Berlin genossen!

Ich habe das Wochenende von MyDays geschenkt bekommen und dabei wurde mir überlassen, wie ich darüber berichte. Aus dem gesamten Angebot habe ich mir das für mich passendste Erlebnis herausgesucht - und so einen Wellnessausflug macht man eben nicht alle Tage und ... er war mal dringend nötig! Bei all den schönen Hotels ist es ziemlich schwer, sich endlich zu entscheiden. Doch das Centrovital sprach mich gleich auf den ersten Blick an - denn es ist mehr als nur ein Hotel. Hier liegen Erholung, Urlaub, Fitness und Gesundheit eng beieinander und bieten für jeden Gast die richtige Kombination aus allem. Das Vier-Sterne-Hotel hat 158 Zimmer und Suiten von den wir eines im obersten Stock bekommen haben. Es ist schlicht und klassisch eingerichtet und bietet alles, was man für einen erholsamen Aufenthalt benötigt - Leihbademäntel und dazu passenden Slipper, ein Wasserkocher und verschiedene Tee- und Kaffeesorten, ein Safe für wichtige Unterlagen, Bargeld oder Schmuck, auch Schminkspiegel, Föhn und Pflegeartikel waren vorhanden. Ja selbst ein Schuhanzieher fehlte nicht. Der Wellnessurlaub konnte endlich beginnen!


Mit Bikini, Bademantel und Badelatschen bewaffnet machte ich mich also auf den Weg in den Wellnessbereich. In all die verschiedenen Bereiche des Hotels kommt ihr bequem mit eurer Schlüsselkarte, die auch bei euch im Zimmer für Strom und Licht sorgt, sobald ihr sie in das dafür vorgesehene Gerät neben der Zimmertür steckt. Auch die Schränke der Umkleidekabinen werden damit bedient. Das Besondere an dem Spabereich des Hotels ist, dass er nicht nur von Hotelgästen regelmäßig genutzt werden kann, sondern auch von sämtlichen anderen Besuchern, die sich einen Tag Ruhe gönnen und eine Auszeit nehmen wollen. Dennoch ist hier von Überfüllung und Lärm absolut keine Rede - es sind genügend Liegen vorhanden, die genutzt werden können, der Pool ist kaum voll und auch die Saunalandschaft bieten für jeden ausreichend viel Platz. Es ist einfach total beeindruckend, wenn man die Tür der Umkleidekabinen und Duschen öffnet und plötzlich vor einem wunderschön gestaltetem Pool steht, der nur so zum Schwimmen einlädt. Die Temperaturen des Spa-Bereiches sind übrigens auch nicht ganz ohne - da es sich um eine Therme handelt, ist eine regelmäßige Abkühlung also auch dringend nötig!


Wer nach dem Schwimmen noch ein wenig entspannen möchte, der kann das zum Beispiel auch im 37°C heißen Whirlpool tun. Aber auch bei einem der angebotenen Aquakurse, oder in einer der verschiedenen textilfreien Saunen. Neben einer sanfteren Biosauna könnt ihr euch aber auch für die Finnische Trockenhütte oder die Blockhaussauna hoch oben auf der Dachterasse enscheiden. Das Besondere sind die stündlich wechselnden Erlebnisaufgüsse, die am Ende mit je nach Themenaufguss wechselnden Leckereien abgerundet werden - Nüsse, Obst und Getränke warten dann auf euch. Wem ein Saunagang jedoch viel zu heiß ist und vielleicht auch Kreislaufbeschwerden beschert, der könnte sich auch unter den Sternenhimmel im Osmanischen Dampfbad zurückziehen. Zur Abkühlung geht es dann in die arktische Kälte des Eisiglus. Alle vier Wände sind hier komplett von Eis bedeckt und Eiswürfel stehen bereit. Zwischen den Saunagängen könnt ihr es euch dann an der Frischen Luft auf der Dachterrasse gemütlich machen oder atmet erholsame Düfte des Kräuter-Inhalationsfelsens ein. Na? - klingt das nicht nach purer Entspannung? 


Besonders die Fitnessfreunde unter euch kommen hier absolut nicht zu kurz - auch ich habe mich in meine Sportsachen geschmissen und ein paar Übungen gemacht. Das Fitnessstudio ist wirklich total modern und stellt die neuesten Geräte zur Verfügung. Hier hat jedes Fahrrad, Laufband oder jeder Stepper einen Monitor, auf dem Fernsehen möglich ist - egal, welcher Sender. Auch Radio könnt ihr hören oder euch auf YouTube einige Videos anschauen. Wer mag, kann auch seine eigene Musik auf einem USB-Stick, einer SD-Karte oder mit dem Handy direkt an das Gerät anschließen und mit seinem Programm loslegen. Neben einem tollen Blick auf den Pool könnt ihr euch auch an der Fitnessbar einen leckeren Shake gönnen oder auf der Terasse frische Luft schnappen und den Blick auf die Havel genießen. Bei einer Fläche von 3.500 m² auf der sich 115 verschiedene und modernste Geräte verteilen, ist wirklich für jeden etwas Passendes dabei! Wer ein ganz besonders großer Sportmuffel ist, dem könnte auch ein Personal Trainer ein wenig auf die Sprünge helfen. Aber auch das Kursangebot bietet vielfältige Angebote, die den Gang ins Fitnessstudio um einiges attraktiver machen. 


Ganz besonders habe ich mich allerdings auf meine Massage gefreut! Ich hatte die Qual der Wahl und habe mich für eine Kräuterstempel-Massage im Siddhalepa Ayurveda-Center entschieden. Diese Anwendung nennt sich "Upanaha Sweda" und war einfach traumhaft schön! Nachdem einem heißes, ayurvedisches Öl auf dem Rücken verteilt wurde, beginnt eine wohltuende Massage, die vor allem die verspannten Regionen im Nackenbereich erreicht. Das Highlight sind aber die heißen Kräuterstempel, die auf die einzelnen Rückenpartien gedrückt bzw. gestempelt werden, um die Muskeln zu wärmen und damit gleichzeitig zu entspannen. Die Gerüche dieser Behandlung sind wirklich kaum zu beschreiben und einfach fantastisch. Daher kann ich auch jedem nur empfehlen, sich für eine solche Massage zu entscheiden. Vor allem aber auch, da das Team des Centers aus traditionellen sri-lankischen Ayurveda-Spezialisten besteht, die wirklich was von ihrem Handwerk verstehen - man ist bei ihnen in den besten Händen und kann sich sorglos fallen lassen. Am Ende der Behandlungen kann man dann bei einem heißen Kräutertee die Ruhe genießen und seine Seele baumeln lassen. 


Obwohl ich die Kissen des Bettes irgendwie für nicht komfortabel halte, habe ich dennoch wirklich gut geschlafen. Jedoch solltet ihr die Fenster nachts lieber geschlossen halten, da sich über dem Hotel die Einflugschneise Richtung Flughafen befindet, wodurch die Flieger natürlich deutlich zu hören sind. Doch das grandiose Frühstück entschädigte auch das! Hier bekommt man eigentlich alles, was das Herz begehrt - die verschiedensten Wurstsorten und Brote, auch frische Waffeln und Marmeladen oder Cornflakes und Obst. Wer es morgens gern deftig mag, der kann sich frisches Rührei oder auch Spiegeleier braten lassen. Selbst Lachs und andere Fischsorten fehlen nicht. Nur schade finde ich, dass nicht alle Milchprodukte einfach von vornherein laktosefrei zubereitet werden, sodass jeder Gast (und somit auch ich) alle Leckereien gleichermaßen genießen kann!

Der Aufenthalt im Centrovital war leider viel zu kurz, aber dafür wirklich super gelungen! Und darum habe ich ein paar Eindrücke auch noch in einem kleinen Video festgehalten:




Hier kommt ihr zum MyDays-Erlebnis.

          Little Roomtour        
Auch wenn es draußen bereits viel wärmer ist, als wir es von einen "richtigen" Winter gewohnt sind, macht dieses Schmuddelwetter einfach keinen Spaß mehr. Entweder nieselt es den ganzen Tag, oder der Wind fegt um jede Ecke. An anderen Tage schüttet es wie aus Eimern - mein Hund hasst es, durch Pfützen laufen zu müssen und schlängelt sich immer ganz gezielt drumherum! Wenn man einmal ein paar Minuten am Tag die Sonne zu Gesicht bekommt, ist das schon eine riesen Sensation. Ansonsten ist es irgendwie einfach nur noch grau. Ich erwarte sehnsüchtig den Frühling, auch wenn der Winter sich eigentlich dieses Mal noch gar nicht wirklich blicken lassen hat. Aber ganz ehrlich? - Diese Chance hat er verspielt, jetzt brauche ich ihn auch nicht mehr! 

Doch trotzdem lasse ich mir von all der Kälte und Nässe nicht die Stimmung vermiesen! Ganz im Gegenteil - ich nutze das miese Wetter einfach, um es mir gemütlich zu machen und zu entspannen, bevor das große Lernen und all die Vorbereitungen für die anstehende Bachelor-Arbeit beginnen. 

Die Leseecke:


Die Fotos habe ich bereits im Herbst gemacht - an der Herbststimmung hat sich allerdings nichts geändert. Mein Lieblingsplatz zum entspannen und Lesen ist mein geliebter Ohrensessel! Der Sessel ist super bequem, weshalb ich auch meist mit meinem Hund um ihn kämpfen muss, denn auch er macht hier gern seine Mittagsschläfchen. In letzter Zeit lese ich kaum Romane, sondern arbeite ich durch all die Urlaubsangebote und tollen Reiseposts, die ich zu den USA und speziell zu Florida finden kann. Denn während ich oft noch in Erinnerungen schwelge, ist auch schon die nächste Reise gebucht - in diesem Sommer geht es nach ein paar Tagen New York in die wunderschönen Südstaaten der USA. Vor allem das Reise-Handbuch von DuMont begleitet mich bei der Planung. Dort stehen nicht nur beeindruckende Reiseziele drin, sondern auch wichtige Tipps, sowie Daten und auch Fakten über die Region. 


Ich finde, das besonders Kissen alles immer noch gemütlicher machen, als es so schon ist. Diese hier habe ich bei H&M entdeckt und mich sofort verliebt. besonders die New Yorker - Skyline fand ich einfach fantastisch, so dass sie sofort bei mir einziehen musste. Und auch Blumen dürfen nicht fehlen. Ich habe mir auch gestern erst endlich wieder Tulpen gekauft, um dem Wetter zu trotzen. 

Kissen - H&M Home z.B hier
Vase - H&M Home
Reiseführer Florida - DuMont
Ohrensessel - Home24

Das Schlafzimmer:


In einem Schlafzimmer, in dem ich mich nicht wohlfühle, kann ich auch nicht ruhig schlafen! Vor allem Gemütlichkeit sollte es ausstrahlen und sauber sollte es sein. Ich mag die Kombination aus grau und weiß, mit einem kleinen Farbtupfer dazwischen. Mit der Suche nach der perfekten Bettwäsche habe ich mich wirklich super schwer getan - aber letztendlich bin ich bei Irisette fündig geworden und habe genau das gefunden, wonach ich gesucht habe! Mein Bett ist so einfach noch viel gemütlicher geworden! 

Kissen - H&M Home z.B hier (sale!)
Fake Fur "Tejn" - Ikea 
Bettwäsche - Irisette
Schriftzug "Dream" - zum Beispiel hier


          Glamour - Christmas - Nails        
Weihnachten steht endlich wieder kurz bevor - die besinnlichste Zeit des Jahres. Und ich erfreue mich wie jedes Jahr aufs Neue an all dem Glitzer, der warmen, strahlenden Lichter und dem heißen Punsch zwischen meinen Händen, der wohlig meine kalten Finger wärmt, während ich über den Weihnachtsmarkt schlendere. Oder mich viel mehr von einer Bude zur nächsten quetsche, da es dort in den Abendstunden einfach viel zu überfüllt ist. Doch das ändern nichts daran, dass mich all der goldene Weihnachtszauber von Jahr zu Jahr immer wieder fasziniert. Und genau diesen Glamour trage ich nun auch auf meinen Nägeln - einfach perfekt zur Weihnachtszeit.
Mit einem schlichten Nudeton als Base kann man eigentlich kaum etwas falsch machen. Ich habe dafür mal wieder zu "Sand Tropez" von Essie gegriffen. Den goldenen Glamoureffekt bekommt man dann ganz leicht hin - beispielsweise mit "Beyond Cozy" von Essie und passend dazu den Diamond Top Coat "Bling-Bling" von Misslyn, der sowohl gröbere, große als auch kleine, feinere Glitzerpartikel  enthält. Diese werden dann einfach auf die Nagelspitze aufgetragen und zum Nagelbett hin verstrichen. Ich mag diesen Look total gern!


Sand Tropez - Essie
Beyond Cozy - Essie
Bling-Bling - Misslyn

          Lotties ganzjahrestaugliche Trost-Vanille-Kipferl        
Auf meinem neuen Bücherblog habe ich meine Rezension zu "Silber - das zweite Buch der Träume" geschrieben und schon erwähnt, dass Lotties ganzjahrestaugliche Trost-Vanille-Kipferl jedes müde Kinderlächeln wieder zum Strahlen bringen. Lottie ist das Kindermädchen der Geschichte und zu jeder noch so traurig und düster wirkenden Minute bereit, sich mit Backzeug zu bewaffnen, um den Kindern Trost zu spenden. Mit ihren Trost-Vanille-Kipferln. Und das nicht nur zu Weihnachten, sondern jeden Tag im ganzen Jahr. Es ist eine super süße Idee, das Rezept der Vanillekipferl mit in den Anhang des Buches zu schreiben und so habe ich die weihnachtliche Vorfreude genutzt und es sofort mal ausprobiert!


Ihr braucht:
200 g Butter
100 g Zucker
1 Vanilleschote
100 g gemahlene Mandeln
250 g Mehl

Puderzucker
Vanillezucker


Die Zutaten reichen für 40 Vanillekipferl. Obwohl ich finde, dass man sogar noch mehr dabei rausbekommen könnte, wenn man sie etwas kleiner macht. Aber ihr könnt euch ja selbst ausprobieren, wie ihr sie am liebsten mögt!


Und so funktioniert´s:

1. Verknetet die Butter so lange mit dem Zucker, bis eine glatte Masse entsteht. Benutzt dazu am besten die Hände, damit euch die Butterkrümel nicht durch dem Mixer um die Ohren fliegen. 

2. Danach schneidet ihr die Vanilleschote der Länge nach auf und kratzt das Vanillemark heraus, das ihr der Butter hinzugebt. Fügt außerdem noch das Mehl hinzu, indem ihr es kurz noch einmal durchsiebt. Und auch die Mandeln können gleich mit in die Mischung. Jetzt knetet ihr es wieder alles mit den Händen ordentlich durch.

3. Schon ist der Teig fertig! - und ihr könnt ihn zu einer Kugel formen, in Alufolie einwickel und für ca. eine Stunde in den Kühlschrank packen, um den Teig ruhen zu lassen. Im Buch wird allerdings auch erklärt, dass ihr diese Phase gern überspringen könnt, falls es sich um einen echten Notfall handeln sollte, in dem jemand ganz dringend euren Trost braucht.



4. Heizt den Backofen auf 190°C vor.

5. Als nächstes rollt ihr den Teig zu einer Wurst und teilt diese dann in ca. 1 bis 2 cm breite Stücke. Die könnt ihr nun zu kleinen Kipferln formen, die ihr anschließend auf dem Backblech verteilt.

6. Die Kipferl benötigen tatsächlich nur 10 kurze Minuten um auf mittlerer Schiene im Backofen hellbraun zu werden. Es geht wirklich total schnell und einfach. Wenn ihr sie dann aus dem Ofen nehmt, mischt ihr den Puderzucker mit dem Vanillezucker und bestreut sie damit. Lasst sie dann ordentlich abkühlen und achtet darauf, dass die Kipferl sehr zerbrechlich sind!


Jetzt könnt ihr sie verschenken, andere damit überraschen, sie für spätere Notfälle in einer Dose aufbewahren oder sie einfach selbst aufessen und genießen. Besonders toll finde ich, dass sie außen super knusprig sind und innen total fluffig weich. Gerade zur Weihnachtszeit sind sie sehr beliebt! Und sollte sich einmal recht kurzfristig Besuch ankündigen, so habt ihr auch gleich eine schnelle Lösung für einen leckeren Kaffeeklatsch - denn die nötigen Zutaten hat man ja fast immer alle im Haus! Also viel Spaß beim Backen!

Hier kommt ihr übrigens zu meinem neuen Bücherblog!

          Glossybox - Herbstzauber Edition im Oktober        
Was soll ich sagen? Ich habe die Kündigung der Glossybox verschwitzt und sie daher noch ein weiteres Mal erhalten. Und leider muss ich gestehen - ich bin absolut begeistert von der Herbstzauber Edition! Ich habe mich über wirklich jedes einzelne Produkt wahnsinnig gefreut und auch fast alle sofort ausprobiert und geneuer unter die Lupe genommen!


Wie ich ja bereits mehrmals erwähnt habe, bin ich ein totaler Herbst-Fan und lebe diese Jahreszeit richtig aus. Ich freue mich über vereinzelte Sonnentage genau so wie über einen kalten stürmischen Tag, den ich mit einem Buch auf dem Sofa verbringen kann. Ich liebe Abende am Lagerfeuer und Wellnessnachmittage zu Hause. Und der Inhalt dieser tollen Box spiegelt genau das alles wieder - Wellness und Beauty reichen sich hier die Hände; und genau das gefällt mir so daran!


ORIGINAL SOURCE
vanilla and raspberry shower
Munter in kühle Herbsttage starten Sie mit dem köstlich duftenden, veganen VANILLA AND RASPBERRY Duschgel: Das feine Aroma reifer Himbeeren und süßer Vanille verwöhnt die Sinne. Die Marke Original Source hat 82 britische Sonnenuntergänge lang gewartet bis die Himbeeren reif genug waren, um diese dann mit Vanille zu einem absoluten Pflege-Duschgel zu mixen. Ein unvergessliches Duscherlebnis - genau das Richtige in der kühlen Jahreszeit.

Mein Fazit:
Die Drogerie Müller hat für dieses vegane Duschgel bereits die Werbetrommel gerührt und schon da habe ich mich allein rein optisch bereits darin verliebt. Und ich war wirklich glücklich darüber, es dann in der Box wiedergefunden zu haben! Es war liebe auf den ersten Blick und ich denke, dass diese Liebe auch lange anhalten wird. Denn es duftet einfach unfassbar gut und macht Lust darauf, auch die anderen Geruchsrichtungen einmal zu testen! Für nur 2,25 Euro sollte dies auch kein Problem sein. Den Mix aus Frucht und Süße mag ich immer besonders gern und so freue ich mich schon heute auf die morgige Dusche!


MODELCO
more brows fibre gel
Topmodels wie Cara Delevingne begründeten den Mega-Trend "betonte Augenbrauen". Richtig tolle Brauen zaubert das MORE BROWS Fibre Gel von ModellCo: Das innovative Gel macht auch aus spärlichen Augenbrauen ein Beauty Statement. Die Brauen wirken voller und werden raffiniert betont. Die speziell designte Bürste gibt das Augenbrauengel perfekt dosiert ab. Für einen ganz natürlichen Look lässt es sich leicht verblenden. Die Brauen lassen dich damit ideal formen und definieren. Die Formulierung hält besonders lange und krümelt oder verblasst im Laufe des Tages nicht.

Meine Fazit:
Ich habe schon so viele Sachen ausprobiert, die meine Augenbrauen hervorheben, formen und gleichzeitig voller wirken lassen sollen. Und das dann aber bitte auch den ganzen Tag lang! Ich habe allerdings auch bei jedem Produkt sowohl positive als auch negative Aspekte gefunden und werde darüber in einem der nächsten Posts auch mal etwas schreiben. Bei diesem More Brows Fibre Gel bin ich erst mal begeistert, dass es in der dunklen Variante bei mir gelandet ist und damit perfekt zu meiner Haarfarbe passt (das war ja bei Glossybox sonst immer so eine Sache, die nie wirklich geklappt hatte - ich bin begeistert!). Dann muss ich auch positiv erwähnen, dass das Gel wirklich nicht abblättert oder krümelt und auch den ganzen Tag hält! Ich war wirklich sehr überrascht. Die Bürste ist wirklich unschlagbar und für ein präzises Auftragen toll geformt und total klein! Doch am Ende des Bürstchens befindet sich immer viel mehr Farbe als am Rest der Bürste, so dass es an einigen Stelle passieren kann, das man größere Farbklumpen auf den Brauen zu kleben hat! Das ist eher unschön und schmierig. Aber mit etwas Übung geht es und die überschüssige Farbe verteilt sich. Doch ich finde dennoch, dass dies nicht ausreicht, um die Brauen voller wirken zu lassen. Da sind Brauenstifte doch viel besser. Allerdings bleiben die Augenbrauen durch das Gel dort, wo sie bleiben sollen und tanzen nicht aus der Reihe. Jedoch ist das Produkt für dieses eher befriedigende Ergebnis mit 12 Euro viel zu teuer. Da gibt es bereits deutlich günstigere Produkte, deren Ergebnis ähnlich ist! 


Es wird allerdings als Tipp erklärt, dass sich das Gel noch mit einem Wattestäbchen verblenden lassen könnte. Ich werde das mal testen!


THE BODY SHOP
vanille brûlée mini body butter
Draußen ist es herbstlich, da kommt die Hautpflege von The Body Shop mit cremig-warmem Vanille-Duft gerade richtig. Die Body Butter ist perfekt für relaxte Stunden im Home Spa! Sie spendet extra viel Feuchtigkeit und bewahrt nachhaltig vor dem Austrocknen. Durch fair gehandelte Shea- und Kakaobutter wird die Haut seidig-weich. Und ihr Vanille-Duft ist so lecker, dass man am liebsten reinbeißen würde.

Mein Fazit:
Eigentlich wurde mit dem Text schon alles gesagt, was es zu sagen gibt. Ich mag die Body Butter von The Body Shop einfach super gern und bin immer wieder von den verschiedenen Gerüchen begeistert. Leider creme ich mich immer viel zu selten ein und bin dazu oft einfach viel zu faul. Aber bei dem Geruch, kann man einfach nicht widerstehen. 50 ml kosten 6 Euro. 


NAILS INC
westminster bridge matte top coat
Nach England entführt Sie der Westminster Bridge Matte Top Coat vom UK-Beautylabel Nails Inc. Der matte Topcoat sorgt für einen stylish-matten Effekt auf den Nägeln. Ob über kräftigen oder pastelligen Tönen, beide Looks sind absolut im Trend diesen Herbst. Für alle, denen ganz normaler Nagellack einfach nicht reicht.

Mein Fazit:
Ich habe mich sehr gefreut, als ich dieses Produkt auch endlich auspacken durfte. Denn es war bereits im September in der Pop Art Edition in einigen Glossyboxen enthalten. Ich hatte mir bereits einen matten top Coat von Manhatten zugelegt, von dem ich eher nicht so begeistert gewesen bin. Ich hoffe aber, dass mich dieser Lack endlich vom Trend überzeugen wird. Doch der dünne Pinsel macht mich bisher eher nicht so zuversichtlich. Ich weiß auch nicht, ob mich dieses matte Finish nicht vielleicht sogar stören wird. Ich mag es einfach, wenn die Nägel glänzen und die Farbe darunter zum Strahlen gebracht wird. Von einem 15,20 Euro teuren Lack erwarte ich jedoch ne Menge und hoffe, nicht enttäuscht zu werden!


LOVE ME GREEN
erfrischendes gesichtspeeling
Einen strahlenden Herbst-Teint bringt das erfrischende Peeling von Love Me Green hervor: Das vegane Gesichtspeeling unterstützt die Zellerneuerung und regt die Durchblutung an. Es entfernt sanft abgestorbene Zellen und stimuliert den Regenerationsprozess der Haut. Überschüssiger Talg wird entfernt während organisches Orangen- und Arganöl sowie Argansamenpuder die Haut pflegen. Das Natur-Peeling verzichtet vollständig auf Mikrokunststoffkügelchen - grobes Mehl aus Argansamenschalen peelt sanft die Haut.

Mein Fazit:
Ich freue mich, wenn endlich bald jeder eingesehen hat, dass diese kleinen Mikrokunststoffkügelchen einfach total schrecklich und schädlich für die Natur mit all ihren Lebewesen sind und sie immer mehr und mehr aus der Kosmetikabteilung verschwinden. Ich achte nun schon lange darauf und versuche, auf solch schädliche Stoffe zu verzichten. Ehrlich gesagt wusste ich das vor einigen Jahren noch nicht einmal und merke immer wieder, dass man immer noch dazulernt. Auch das Gesichtspeeling von Love Me Green verzichtet glücklicherweise auf diese Kügelchen. Es duftet total angenehm frisch nach einem Hauch Orange und pflegt die Haut richtig gut. Ich habe nach der Anwendung eine wirklich glatte Haut, auch wenn das Peeling doch auch noch etwas sanfter ausfallen könnte. 75 ml würden 9,90 Euro kosten, wobei ich hier eine Probe mit 30 ml erhalten habe. Doch da man wirklich nur eine geringe Menge für eine Anwendung benötigt, wird sie wahrscheinlich lange ausreichen. Denn ein Peeling sollte höchstens einmal pro Woche angewendet werde!! 


LUVOS NATUR KOSMETIK
vital maskemit quittenextrakt und heilerde

Mein Fazit:
Dieses Produkt war als kleines Goodie in der Box enthalten und wurde auch sofort von mir getestet. Nach dem Peeling von Love Me Green brannte die Maske zunächst an einigen Stellen, was sich aber schnell wieder legte. Mit lauwarmem Wasser habe ich sie dann nach 10 bis 15 Minuten wieder von meinem Gesicht entfernt und fühlte mich sofort frischer. Ich mag Gesichtsmasken ja wirklich gern und freue mich immer wieder, sie mit Freundinnen an einem Wellnessnachmittag aufzutragen. Und diese Maske gehört ab heute mit zu meinen Favoriten. Der fruchtige Geruch ist außerdem super angenehm und mein Gesicht fühlte sich den ganzen Tag total gepflegt und sauber an. (Man muss dazu sagen, dass ich wie heute meist auch kein Make Up trage) Der eine Abschnitt der Packung reicht meiner Meinung nach sogar für mindestens 2 Anwendungen aus, falls ihr die Maske (so wie ich) nur auf eurem Gesicht und nicht auch noch auf Hals und Dekolleté anwendet. 



Mit all diesen Produkten steht einem ein gemütlicher Spa-Nachmittag nichts mehr im Weg. Auch wenn mich das Augenbrauengel vielleicht nicht zu 100 % überzeugen konnte, so bin ich doch mit der Box insgesamt total zufrieden und freue mich riesig, sie noch erhalten zu haben. Nun bin ich gespannt, wie zufrieden ihr mit euren Produkten seid!

❤❤❤


          Farmers Market und the Grove in LA {West Coast USA Part II}        
Shoppen wie die Stars? Und schlemmen, was das Herz begehrt? Wer einmal in Los Angeles ist, sollte auf einen Besuch des Farmers Market und der Shoppingmeile the Grove auf keinen Fall verzichten! Hier bekommt man einfach alles, was das Herz begehrt. Es ist der Wahnsinn! Ich war total begeistert und bin es auch heute noch. Sollte man sich vor lauter Hunger einmal nicht entscheiden können, was man essen mag, so wird einem die Entscheidung auf dem Farmers Market mit Sicherheit kein Stück erleichtert. Ganz im Gegenteil. Hier hat man eine so riesige Auswahl, dass man mehrere Wochen benötigen dürfte, um sich durch all die leckeren Angebote durchgetestet zu haben. Das typisch amerikanische Flair lädt zum Bummeln ein und zieht einen in seinen Bann. Man fühlt sich direkt wie in einem amerikanischen Traum, in dem alles möglich ist. Zumindest rein kulinarisch. Kleine Shops und Stände mit frischem Obst runden das ganze noch ab. Und wer auf die amerikanische Küche einmal keine Lust mehr hat, der findet sicher beim Asiaten oder Italiener eine kleine Köstlichkeit.
 

Ein Bisschen ist es auf dem Farmers Market auch wie auf nem Rummel. Süßes gibt es hier an jeder Ecke und auch vor Cookies und mit Schokolade überzogenen Äpfeln kann man sich kaum retten, Vor lauter Auswahl und großem Staunen vergisst man auch ganz schnell mal die Zeit und kann so einen tollen Abend hier verbringen. Teilweise ist der Market auch überdacht, aber dennoch hauptsächlich unter freiem Himmel. Wenn sich dann auch jeder endlich für einen Stand und sein Lieblingsgericht entschieden hat, trifft man sich einfach wieder in der Mitte und nimmt an einen der zahlreichen Stühlen Platz. Wo, ist hier total egal. Man kann sich frei entfalten, Streitigkeiten, die mit der Wahl des passenden Restaurants zu tun haben könnten, werden somit ganz einfach vermieden. Denn hier kommt jeder auf seine Kosten. Und das Grinsen weicht einem vor lauter Begeisterung kaum aus dem Gesicht. Perfekt!


Da läuft einem doch das Wasser im Mund zusammen oder nicht? Ich kann euch auch nur empfehlen, unbedingt mal bei der total lieben und herzige Omi vorbeizuschauen, die frische, selbstgemachte Erdnussbutter verkauft! Sie ist wahnsinnig nett und sympathisch und vor allem auch leicht zu finden - immer der Nase nach.! Die Erdnussbutter riecht einfach fantastisch und meine eigene Oma hat sich wahnsinnig über ein solches Glas gefreut. Nach all den Kalorien kommt einem der Schaufensterbummel dann gerade Recht. The Grove ist dafür genau das richtige und befindet sich direkt neben dem Farmers Market. Es ist dort wunderschön aufgebaut und total sauber. wie eine ganz eigene kleine Stadt. Wenn man Glück hat, kann man sogar hier und dort mal einen Star bei seiner Shoppingtour treffen.


Selbst ein Kino findet man hier und auch der Cheesecake Factory könnte einen Besuch abstatten, (wenn denn da noch irgendwo Platz im Bauch wäre). Und auch vor Süßigkeiten ist man hier nicht sicher - Dylan's Candy Bar - wie ich sie liebe! Sie ist nicht nur wunderschön dekoriert, sondern auch ein Traum für jedes Schlemmermäulchen. Einfach fantastisch! Vor allem gibt es diese Candy Bars in den USA einfach an jeder Ecke und somit hatte ich auch mindestens jeden zweiten Tag eine volle Tüte verschiedenster Süßigkeiten in meiner Hand! Ein Schlaraffenland für Groß und Klein also! :)


Besser, als diese Fotos, könnte ich es auch nicht beschreiben. 
Eine kleine Traumfabrik, die für jeden so viel tolles zu bieten hat. 
Ich schwärme noch immer! :)

          Glossybox - Pop Art Edition im September         
Eigentlich stand ich mit all den Beautyboxen auf Kriegsfuß, da sie für meinen Geschmack meist etwas überteuert sind und deren Inhalt auch mit dem vorab erstellten Profil kaum übereinstimmte. Aber ich habe der Glossybox im September noch einmal eine Chance gegeben.


Zugegeben - es lag wohl eher am tollen Design der Box. Die Pop Art Edition klang ziemlich vielversprechend und ich habe mir gedacht, dass es wohl nicht schaden könnte, sie mir kurzerhand zu bestellen. Die Gestaltung der Box war wirklich sehr schön. Und enthalten waren folgende Produkte:


BENEFIT COSMETICS
it's potent! eye cream


Die it's potent! eye cream vom Kultlabel Benefit macht ihrem Namen alle Ehre. Diese hochwertige Augencremeverwöhnt die zarte Haut im Augenbereich: Sie reduziert Augenringe, glättet und durchfeuchtet die Haut rund um die empfindliche Partie. Für echte hingucker-Augen! Tipp: Der hübsche Tiegel lässt sich super wiederverwenden. 


Mein Fazit:

Ich habe bisher noch nie Augencreme genutzt. Aber die it's potent! eye cream von Benefit nutze ich nun schon seit einigen Tagen morgens und abends und bin eigentlich recht zufrieden damit. Meine Augen wirken aufgeweckter und frischer. Ich weiß allerdings immer nicht so genau, ob es nun tatsächlich an der Creme liegt, oder ob es einfach reicht, wenn man die Augenpartie regelmäßig mit etwas mehr Feuchtigkeit pflegen würde. Das Originalprodukt (14,2g) würde nämlich stolze 32 Euro kosten. Allerdings würde es auch einige Monate reichen. Hier haben wir nun nur eine kleine 3 Gramm leichte Probeversion erhalten, wodurch man den süßen Tiegel leider auch kaum anderweitig nutzen kann, da einfach kaum was reinpasst. Ich werde die Creme aber auf alle Fälle erst mal bis zum Schluss weiterhin täglich nutzen!


SO SUSAN COSMETICS
flutter mascara


Schon Stil-Ikone Marilyn Monroe inspirierte Pop Art-Guru Andy Warhol in den 60ies mit ihrem Augenaufschlag. Eben solche Klimperwimpern zaubert die Flutter Mascara von So Susan Cosmetics. Die Mascarataucht in ihre Wimpern in tiefes Schwarz und pflegt sie mit Hyaluronkügelchen. Das spezielle Design der Bürste trennt die einzelnen Wimpern besonders gut. Mit nur einmal tuschen werden die Wimpern voluminös und einfach sexy. Sensationell!!


Mein Fazit:

Also ich finde das Design auch total schön, vor allem, da die Mascara mit einem kleinen Kolibri bedruckt wurde und ich diese Vögel liebe. Doch auch das Design kann nicht davon ablenken, dass die Mascara selbst eigentlich total unbrauchbar ist. Die Bürste ist im Prinzip auch nicht anders, als andere Mascarabürsten. Doch für 15 Euro habe ich mir vom Ergebnis dieses Originalprodukts doch viel mehr erhofft. Das Auftragen funktioniert bestens und die Wimpern kommen einem nicht verklebt und total leicht vor - vielleicht allerdings auch etwas zu leicht. Es ist, als wäre auf die Wimpern kaum Farbe gelangt und es sieht auch dementsprechend so aus, als ob die Mascara nicht mal in ihre Nähe gekommen wäre. Ich bin also vom Ergebnis leider doch sehr enttäuscht und greife lieber wieder auf altbewährte Produkte zurück. 


MAYBELLINE NEW YORK
color elexir




In nur einem Schritt verleiht das Maybelline New York Color Elexir Ihren Lippen Farbe, Glanz und ein unglaubliches Gefühl für einen spektakulären Kussmund. Es ist der erste Lippen-Creme-Lack mit mit flüssigem Pflegebalsam des Labels. Vollmundige Pigmente sorgen für extra Farbintensität, ein brilliant strahlendes Serum erzielt einen spiegelglänzenden Effekt. Kiss Kiss!!!



Mein Fazit:

Ich bin total begeistert von diesem tollen Lippen-Creme-Lack! Daher ist es auch für mich das beste Produkt dieser Pop Art Edition! Die Farbe ist genau so, wie ich sie am liebsten auf meinen Lippen trage - dezent und natürlich. Für 9,95 Euro bekommt man hier eine tolle Farbe, die nicht nur lange auf den Lippen bleibt, sondern sich dazu noch zart anfühlt, nicht klebt und tatsächlich sogar pflegt. Natürlich könnt ihr ihn auch noch in verschiedenen anderen Farben erhalten. Aber der Kauf lohnt sich!


und die letzten beiden Produkte:


FIGS & ROUGE        
mini hand creme 

Die Produkte des englischen Kult-Labels Figs & Rouge sind richtige kleine Kunstwerke. Jede der liebevoll gestalteten Tuben ist eine Klasse für sich und herrlich farbenfroh - wie ein Pop Art-Werk! Getreu dem Motto "100% pure & natural" duftet die Figs &Rouge Mini Hand Cream hinreißend und pflegt Ihre Hände mit wertvoller Kakaobutter samtweich. Sie zieht schnell ein und fettet nicht. ideal auch für die Handtasche. 

Mein Fazit:
Die Verpackung der Handcreme ist wirklich total bunt gestaltet und passt somit auch toll in die Pop Art Edition der Glossybox. Auch die Größe der Creme ist perfekt, da man sie so problemlos in jeder noch so kleinen Tasche überallhin mitnehmen kann. Besonders gefällt mir, dass sie wirklich super schnell einzieht und auch wunderbar nach Mango duftet. So hat man auch im Winter den Sommer immer in der Tasche und einen fruchtigen Duft in der Nase. 20 ml bekommt man für 4,99 Euro. Allerdings erinnern Tubenform, Konsistenz und auch Pflege stark an die Handcremes von L'occitane.


LOVE ME GREEN
organic regenerating day face cream

Schöne Haut wie ein Pop Art-Girl verleiht Ihnen die Organic Regenerating Day Face Cream von Love me Green: Die Tagescreme mit Bio-Granatapfelkernöl unterstützt die Zellerneuerung und speichert jede Menge Feuchtigkeit. Die Haut wird elastischer, die Poren ziehen sich zusammen und wirken feiner. Für einen extre-frischen Teint, ganz ohne Fettfilm. So kann die Haut durchatmen.

Mein Fazit:
Auch bei dieser organischen Tagespflege ist der Duft wieder super angenehm. Außerdem zieht sie sehr schnell ein und sorgt dafür, dass sich die Haut total weich anfühlt. Doch ich bin bei Gesichtscremes immer etwas vorsichtig - vor allem, wenn sie behaupten, Poren verkleinern zu können. Meine langjährigen Besuche bei Hautarzt und der damit verbundenen medizinischen Kosmetik haben mir gezeigt, dass allein Fruchtsäurebehandlungen die Poren verkleinern können und dies dann auch wirklich nur im Ansatz und unter leichten (und erträglichen) Schmerzen, die sich wie tausende kleine Nadelstiche auf der Haut anfühlen. Und gerade durch meine damalige Problemhaut greife ich doch immer wieder lieber auf bekannte Gesichtscremes zurück und teste lieber nicht wie wild umher. Vor allem, nachdem ich mit einer Bio-Tagespflege von Alterra bereits sehr schlechte Erfahrungen gemacht habe. (15 ml kosten 5,90 Euro)



Am Ende kann ich gar nicht so genau sagen, was die ganzen Produkte nun eigentlich mit dem Thema Pop Art zu tun haben. Allein die Handcreme von Figs & Rouge erinnert dank der farbenfrohen Gestaltung etwas an Andy Warhol. Das Pop Art - Thema galt wohl nur dem Kundenfang, was wohl auch super funktioniert haben muss, wie man ja an mir sehen kann. Doch trotzdem fand ich es toll, mich mal wieder überraschen zu lassen und kann mit 3 der 5 Produkte sogar etwas anfangen. :)

❤❤❤

          Exotische Hähnchen-Kokos-Suppe        
Ja ich weiß... das Wetter ist im Moment wohl heiß genug, so dass man Schärfe - verbunden mit noch mehr Hitze - wohl lieber meidet. Doch gerade jetzt sind die leichten Suppen zwischendurch einfach perfekt. Vor allem aber, wenn sie schnell und einfach gemacht sind. Wer seine hart erarbeitete Bikinifigur also noch ein paar Wochen in Form halten will, oder wer einfach nur gern asiatisches Essen genießt, für den habe ich hier ein ganz besonderes Rezept herausgekramt - exotisch asiatische Hähnchen-Koko-Suppe mit Chili und Ingwer. 


Die Zutaten:
  • 1 Ingwerwurzel (10 - 15g)
  • 1 rote Chilischote oder Chiliflocken
  • 1 Liter Gemüsebrühe
  • 400 ml Kokosmilch
  • 1 EL Currypaste
  • 6 - 8 braune Champignons
  • 250 g Hähnchenbrustfilet
  • einen kleinen Schuss Sahne


Die Zubereitung: für 4 Teller

1. Schält als erstes den Ingwer und schneidet ihn danach in schmale Scheiben. Auch die Chilischote könnt ihr schon putzen, halbieren und klein würfeln. 

2. Gebt nun den Ingwer und die Chili zusammen mit der Kokosmilch und der Brühe in einen Topf und lasst alles etwas aufkochen. Danach rührt ihr die Currypaste mit ein und lasst alles ca. 10 Minuten bei mittlerer Hitze köcheln.

3. Nun könnt ihr nebenbei die Champignons putzen und kleinschneiden. Auch das Hähnchenbrustfilet spühlt ihr nun schon mal ab, und schneidet es in mundgerechte Stücke, so wie es euch am besten passt. 

4. Das Fleich gebt ihr nun mit den Pilzen in die Suppe und lasst alles zusammen kochen, bis das Fleich gar ist. Ihr könnt natürlich auch einige Fleischstücke anbraten, um sie dann als Spieß zusammen mit der Suppe zu servieren, so wie ich. 

5. Am Ende schmeckt ihr alles noch mit einem Schuss Sahne ab. 

Ihr merkt schon - für die Zubereitung benötigt ihr wohl kaum mehr als 10 Minuten. Die Vegetarier unter euch können das Hähnchenfleich natürlich auch weglassen.


Sucht euch einen tollen Platz an der Sonne, genießt die Suppe im Garten oder auf dem Balkon, lasst es euch gemeinsam mit euren Liebsten schmecken. Legt die Beine hoch. Kommt zur Ruhe. Lasst all die Hektik und den Alltagsstress hinter euch und begebt euch für einen kurzen Moment in das Land der Mitte. Guten Appetit! 

Nährwerte Pro Portion: 305 kcal

          Müller Look Box im April        
Meine Freundin und ich hatte dieses Mal Glück und konnten 2 der tollen Look-Boxen von Müller ergattern! Ich habe mich wirklich riesig gefreut, ausgelost worden zu sein und war schon richtig gespannt, was sich in unseren Boxen wohl befindet. Und ich wurde wirklich nicht enttäuscht! Bei den vielen verschiedenen Boxen, die es so zu kaufen gibt, blickt man irgendwie schon kaum mehr durch. Und vor allem die Glossybox erschien mir am Ende immer mehr überflüssig - viele der Produkte sind für mich einfach unbrauchbar gewesen und liegen teilweise noch immer ungenutzt im Schrank herum. Bei einem Preis von bereits 15 Euro kann ich dann doch gern darauf verzichten und gebe mein Geld lieber gezielt für sinnvollere Produkte aus, die ich auch wirklich brauche. Bei nur 5 Euro wie für die Müller Look-Box kann man allerdings absolut nichts falsch machen und daher bin ich auch froh, dass ich dieses Mal in den Genuss der Box kommen durfte! Ihr Motto:
"Hol dir den Frühling"

Essence Lash Mania Reloaded Mascara Waterproof
"Wimpern mit Star-Qualität. Die innovative Elastomerbürste mit sternförmig angeordneten Lamellen greift exakt die Wimpern und pusht sie nach oben. Es entstehen Wimpern mit extremem Volumen und ultimativem False-Lashes-effekt. Augenärztlich getestet."
Ich habe schon so viele Mascara ausprobiert, dass ich sie kaum noch zählen kann. Ich habe schon so einige für gut befunden, aber auch andere wieder für unbrauchbar. Doch nie hat mich ein Ergebnis wirklich enttäuscht oder auch richtig umgehauen... Mich stören abgebröckelte schwarze Krümel unter den Augen oder dicke fette Fliegenbeine. Auch viel zu schnell austrocknende Mascara stehen auf der Abschussliste. Aber dazu kann ich hier leider noch nicht viel sagen. Wasserfest finde ich immer etwas kritisch, da die Farbe oft schwer wieder von den Wimpern ab geht und diese dann ziemlich darunter leiden können. Aber ansonsten eine stinknormale Mascara, die ich auch nutzen werde.


Rebecca Bonbon Eyeshadow Palette
"Vier wunderschöne Farbwelten verkörpern je eine Großstadt. Egal ob Paris, New York, London oder Berlin - in jeder Look-Box ist ein Farbtyp enthalten"
 In unseren Boxen waren die Farben der New York - Palette zu finden. Die grau-blauen Töne sind nun nicht unbedingt das, was ich regelmäßig trage, allerdings finde ich sie dennoch recht gut. Ich kannte diese Marke vorher noch gar nicht und denke auch, dass sie nicht zu den angesagtesten Highend -Produkten gehört, doch für den Alltag ist die Pigmentierung der Farben absolut ok. Ihr könnt die kleine Palette außerdem auch in den Farbtönen Gelb, Türkis und Rosa erhalten. Sie ist gerade auch für Unterwegs super handlich und beinhaltet neben der 4 Farbnuancen praktischer Weise noch 2 Applikatoren.


Rebecca Bonbon 'In Paris' Eau de Toilette, 30 ml
"Der Duft versinnbildlicht den Flair der französischen Modemetropole gepaart mit dem Savoir-vivre der kleinen Pariser Bulldogge. Ein Parfüm für junge Mademoiselles mit verspielter Koketterie, die die Welt entdecken möchte. "
Das Parfüm ist nicht nur auf den ersten Blick echt süß, sondern auch auf den ersten Atemzug. Ich finde es allerdings noch ganz angenehm und habe nicht (wie befürchtet) das Gefühl, dass meine Nase irgendwie verkleben könnte. Die Süße verfliegt jedoch schnell wieder und was bleibt ist ein frischer, irgendwie "sauberer" Geruch nach Seife. Ja, nach Handseife! - wie die von Dove oder Nivea. Auch hier würde ich wieder sagen, dass es eher ein Parfüm für den Alltag ist, dass man schnell mal am Morgen nach der Dusche aufsprüht, um dann im Sprint noch den Bus zu schaffen. 


Manhattan Quick Dry 60 Seconds Nagellack
"Manhattan steht für facettenreiche Looks und ist immer den neusten Trends auf der Spur. Der Quick Dry Nagellack ist in den angesagten Farben der Saison erhältlich, trocknet in nur 60 Sekunden und macht jeden Look perfekt."
Zwei der vier möglichen Farben waren in unseren beiden Boxen enthalten. 14 C ist ein eher ziemlich dunkles Mint. 32 C könnte man sogar als eine etwas hellere Version dieses Sally Hansen Lacks "So Much Fawn" verwechseln. Ich persönlich finde, dass beide Nuancen nicht unbedingt in den Frühling passen - mir sind sie irgendwie dann doch zu dunkel und unspektakulär. Da gäbe es mit Sicherheit noch passendere Frühlingsfarben! Aber dennoch sind sie recht schön. Leider verteilen sich die Lacke ungleichmäßig auf den Nägeln und hinterlassen somit nervige Streifen. Mit drei Schichten ist dieses Problem jedoch behoben! Trocknen tut der Lack absolut schnell - Perfekt!


Make Up Factory Shimmer Lip Tube
"Der Schimmer Lip Tube mit seinem einzigartigen, geschwungenen Soft-Touch Applikator aus Silikon passt sich perfekt der Lippenform an. Die elegante und handliche Tube ermöglicht ein einfaches und gleichmäßiges Auftragen. Schimmernde Pearl-Partikel schenken verführerische Lippen und der intensive Glanz lässt die Lippen voller aussehen. Mit zartem Vanille-Duft und pflegender Aloe Vera."
Der Silikon - Applikator ist wirklich sehr weich und macht das Auftragen des Schimmer Lip Tube super angenehm. Doch von Gleichmäßigkeit kann ich irgendwie nicht sprechen. Im Gegenteil - ich fand es ziemlich schwierig, den Gloss  gleichmäßig auf die Lippen zu bringen. Ich bin eh nicht wirklich ein Fan von klebrigen Lippen und tue mich auch mit der Dosierung aus einer solchen Tube recht schwer. Dafür schimmert er allerdings absolut toll! An Schimmer-Partikeln wurde wirklich nicht gespart und das ist meiner Meinung nach auch gut so. Ob die Farbe "15 - Shiny Claret" nun wirklich die richtige für mich ist, wage ich allerdings zu bezweifeln.


Astor Soft Sensation Color&Care Lippenstift
"Keep smiling - der neue Astor Soft Sansation Color & Care Lipstick liefert gleich zwei gute Gründe zum Lächeln. Er vereint brilliante Farben und intensive Pflege in einem Produkt! Eine spezielle Formulierung mit intensiven Farbpigmenten sorgt für frische, klare Farben mit einer hohen Deckkraft. Zudem ist er mit Hyaluron-Füller, Granatapfel-Sterolen und den Vitaminen A, C und E angereichert."
Diese Farbe knallt absolut. Und ich liebe sie! Dieser Lippenstift hat genau das, was ich auf meinen Lippen haben möchte - eine wunderschöne Farbe, dazu noch ein wenig Pflege und das alles ohne zu verkleben oder zu verlaufen. Perfekt! Auch das Design finde ich super schön. Leider gibt es die neuen Lippenstifte offiziell erst ab Juni im Handel, also müsst ihr euch leider noch etwas gedulden. Mit dieser Knallfarbe kann der Sommer aber auf jeden Fall kommen!

Fazit: Also ich muss wirklich sagen - die Müller Look-Box lohnt sich wirklich total, auch wenn nicht immer jedes Produkt hundertproßentig zu einem passt! Vielleicht hat man am Ende sogar noch ein Produkt in seiner Box, mit dem man vielleicht der Mama oder Freundin eine kleine Freude machen könnte. Der Lippenstift von Astor ist allerdings mein Highlight der Box! :) Ich werde auch nächstes al wieder meine Chance nutzen und hoffentlich eine der Boxen ergattern. Mit der DM - Lieblinge - Box habe ich ja leider immer weniger Glück. 

Habt ihr auch eine der Drogerie-Boxen? 
Wie findet ihr die Look-Box von Müller?

          Uber        
none
                  

Prevención del Cáncer de seno

Autoexploración mamaria, seguro de vida.


La mayoría de las alteraciones que se detectan cuando se recurre a la autoexploración mamaria son benignas e inofensivas, sin embargo, no debemos confiarnos.


Siempre hay que acudir al ginecólogo, pues en caso de un padecimiento grave, se tiene tiempo para evitar que el problema ponga en riesgo nuestra vida.


Desde la pubertad hasta la edad madura, los senos sufren una serie de cambios estimulados por la actividad hormonal o tipo de dieta; los más comunes son los quistes o "bolitas" que, regularmente, desaparecen al terminar la menstruación, ó con medicamentos o mediante sencilla intervención quirúrgica. Cuando dichas afecciones van acompañadas de dolor, hundimiento del pezón, cambio en la coloración del seno, inflamación, secreción de líquido y/o protuberancias en axilas, podría tratarse de un tumor canceroso, al cual es posible tratar sin riesgo de complicación al acudir al ginecólogo en forma temprana.


¿Cómo se realiza? Nadie mejor que cada mujer conoce su propio cuerpo, por ello los especialistas recomiendan autoexplorar los senos, ya que son ellas mismas quienes detectan la mayoría de las veces los tumores.


Este método debe efectuarse de la siguiente manera:

Pasos

Exploración

Elije una habitación provista de iluminación y temperatura adecuadas. Desnúdate de la cintura hacia arriba frente a un espejo.

Con los brazos colgando a los lados del cuerpo observa si tus senos tienen el aspecto y el tamaño habitual.

Coloca tus manos detrás de la cabeza y observa los pezones; es muy importante que verifiques si sobresalen o hay secreción de líquido claro, lechoso o sanguinolento.

Después estira bien los brazos hacia arriba para poder ver si hay alguna diferencia en tamaño o en forma de ambas mamas, o bien, algún bulto o prominencia en axilas.

Haz estas observaciones tanto de frente como de perfil. Ahora sitúa tus manos en la cintura, tensa los músculos pectorales y comprueba si aparece alguna irregularidad en la piel o si hay abultamiento.

Acuéstate sobre una superficie plana, pon una toalla doblada debajo de un hombro y coloca el brazo del mismo lado detrás de tu cabeza, apoya la cabeza en la almohada.

Palpa con las yemas de tus dedos presionando suavemente alrededor del seno con movimientos circulares, debes iniciar desde la zona más alejada del pezón.

Haz lo mismo con el otro seno. Finalmente, toca tus axilas y verifica si presentan protuberancias.


A decir de la Dra. Luna Amezcua, una manera rápida de realizar la autorevisión mamaria "puede ser durante la ducha, en la cual debe presionarse el seno por partes, de manera firme y con la mano abierta para detectar alguna tumoración o zona dolorosa; asimismo, habrá que explorar los pezones para comprobar si hay secreciones".


La especialista en salud femenina indica que los hallazgos importantes a los que es indispensable brindar especial atención incluyen aparición de protuberancias, sensación de dolor al tocarse, aumento de volumen de una mama, hundimiento del pezón, escurrimiento de algún líquido por éste, cambios en su coloración, lesiones, ulceraciones, abultamientos en axila e hinchazón en la parte alta del brazo.


La autoexploración mamaria ha adquiriendo mayor importancia en los últimos años, ya que las mujeres son más concientes de que el cáncer en dicha región debe diagnosticarse en una etapa más temprana mediante las autoexploración y exámenes especiales. Sin duda, lo anterior permite mejorar las tasas de supervivencia posterior al tratamiento implementado, además, promueve estar alerta ante eventuales cambios y detectarlos en cuanto inicien.


Fuente:

http://tuvida.aol.com/salud/canvas/_a/autoexploracion-mamaria-seguro-de-vida/20050402122009990001

          La Soya: Realmente Saludable o No?        

La Soya bajo la Lupa


A la luz de artículos científicos y otros artículos sobre los efectos de las isoflavonas y estudios realizados en lactantes y niños, hay opiniones encontradas sobre el uso de la soya y la leche de soya como alimento dentro de la dieta y sus beneficios.


Es importante conocerlos, analizarlos y estar muy bien informado para tomar las decisiones correctas sobre la inclusión o no de estos alimentos a nuestra dieta.


Artículo: Fórmulas Infantiles a Base de Soja: hay motivos para preocuparse


Documento Informativo de la Comisión de Alimentos del Reino Unido.

Autores: Sue Dibb y Dr Mike Fitzpatrick. Abril de 1999.


¿Puede la soja causar trastornos de la glándula tiroides en los seres humanos?


Se ha demostrado que la soya afecta las funciones de la glándula tiroides en los seres humanos.


Un estudio realizado por investigadores japoneses concluyó que la ingestión de una cantidad moderada de soja por parte de pacientes adultos podía causar el agrandamiento de la glándula tiroides y suprimir la función de ésta.


Estos investigadores estudiaron los efectos al suministrar 30 gr diarios de soja en encurtido sobre la función de la glándula tiroides.

Durante la investigación, se informó que la ingestión de iodo (en algas marinas) fue normal en todos los pacientes. Los investigadores observaron un aumento significativo en los niveles de TSH en un grupo de 20 adultos alimentados con soja durante 1 mes (grupo I) y en un grupo de 17 adultos alimentados con soja durante 3 meses (grupo 2).


Nota: un aumento de la TSH, puede deberse a un desbalance en las hormonas tiroideas (mientras más alta la TSH, más posibilidad de sufrir de Hipotiroidismo).


En dos de los pacientes, los niveles de TSH aumentaron dramáticamente, de aproximadamente 1 micro-U/mL hasta 6.5 o 7.5 micro-U/mL. No se presentaron cambios significativos en los niveles de iodo inorgánico, T3 o T4 en ninguno de los grupos, pero hubo un aumento significativo en el F T3 y en el F T4 de los pacientes del grupo 2 después de dejar de consumir soja.


Se apreció un bocio no bien definido e hipotiroidismo en tres de los pacientes del grupo 1 y en ocho de los pacientes del grupo 2.Los pacientes del grupo 2 también presentaron sintomas asociados con el hipotiroidismo: estreñimiento (53% de los pacientes), fatiga (53% de los pacientes) y letargo (41% de los pacientes). El bocio en los 11 pacientes era un bocio no bien definido que se encontraba entre los rangos 1 y 11 de agrandamiento. Uno de los pacientes del grupo 1 desarrolló tiroiditis subaguda. El tamaño del bocio se redujo en nueve de los pacientes después de 1 mes sin consumir soja pero persistió en dos de los pacientes. Se necesitaron 6 meses de tratamiento con T4 para que se redujera el tamaño del bocio en estos paclentes.


El hipotiroidismo subclinico se define como la combinación de un TSH moderadamente elevado con un T4 libre normal, una condición que se esta volviendo común y que eventualmente puede evolucionar hacia un evidente hipotiroidismo, especialmente en aquellas personas con anticuerpos antitiroides.

El hipotiroidismo subclinico se define como un estado asintomatico en el cual la reducción de la secreción de las hormonas de la tiroides se compensa mediante un aumento en la producción de TSH para mantener un status clinicamente eutiroideo.

Esta condición es de la mayor importancia y su prevalencia parece estar aumentando.


Factores de la dietas pueden jugar un papel importante en el desarrollo de esta condición. Una alta ingestión de un compuesto bociógeno puede aumentar la secreción de TSH y el aumento en esta secreción, está también relacionado con el creciente riesgo de cáncer en la tiroides.


Vale la pena notar que en los Estados Unidos de América la frecuencia del mal funcionamiento de la tiroides en las personas menores de 45 años se ha duplicado desde 1985.


La soja y el cáncer de mama

Las personas que estén consumiendo soja o suplementos de isoflavona con la esperanza de reducir el riesgo de contraer cáncer deben pensarlo dos veces. Mientras los consumidores y los profesionales de la salud están siendo bombardeados con publicidad de la industria, que exalta las propiedades anticancerígenas de las isoflavonas de la soja, muchos investigadores del cáncer están diciendo justo lo opuesto; que el consumo de las isoflavonas de la soja puede aumentar el riesgo de contraer cáncer.


Por ejemplo, las mujeres posmenopáusicas que consuman isoflavonas de la soja como Terapia de Reemplazo Hormonal (TRH) natural, tienen mayor riesgo de desarrollar cáncer de mama.


En 1996 el Doctor Nicholas Petrakis de la Universidad de California en San Francisco, informó que “el consumo prolongado de proteína aislada de soja tiene un efecto estimulante en los senos de las mujeres premenopáusicas, caracterizado por un aumento en la secreción de los fluidos del pecho, la aparición de células epiteliales hiperfísticas y niveles elevados de estradiol.


Estos hallazgos sugieren un estimulo estrógenico desde las isoflavonas genistein y la daidzein contenidas en el aislado de la proteína de soja”.


El doctor Craig Dees del Laboratorio Nacional de Oak Ridge ha encontrado que las isoflavonas de la soja hacen que se reproduzcan las células cancerosas del pecho. Informó que: “bajas concentraciones de genistein pueden estimular a que las células MC-7 entren en el ciclo celular”. El Dr. Dees concluyó “que las mujeres no deben consumir ciertos alimentos (por ejemplo productos derivados de la soja) para prevenir el cáncer de mama”.


El Doctor William Helferich de la Universidad de Illinois apoya la tesis de tomar precauciones acerca del consumo de soja para prevenir el cáncer de mama.Recientemente declaró que; “existe la probabilidad de que el genistein en la dieta estimule el crecimiento de tumores dependientes del estrógeno en los humanos con bajos niveles de estrógeno endógeno circulando, tales como los encontrados en las mujeres que posmenopáusicas” .


¿Cuánta soja se puede consumir sin riesgo?

Las observaciones realizadas por el estudio de la Clínica de Tiroides Ishizuki indican efectos bociógenicos importantes en pacientes alimentados con 30 gr de soja al día. Basándonos en las concentraciones de isoflavonas encontradas en la soja japonesa (38), 30 gr de soja pueden contribuir hasta con un total de 23 mg del genistein y 10 mg del daidzein.


Para un adulto que pese 70 kg. esto sería igual a la ingestión de 0.33 mg/kg de peso corporal de genistein y 0.14 mg/kg de peso corporal de daidzein por día.

Esta cantidad de consumo de isoflavona es aproximadamente TRES VECES más alta que la cantidad consumida en el Japón, la cual es de 0.08 a 0.13 mg/kg de peso corporal del genistein total por día para un adulto que pese 70 kgs. Para los lactantes alimentados con fórmulas a base de soja, la exposición a las isoflavonas es mucho mayor que la de cualquier otro grupo de la población.


Los lactantes menores de 6 meses que sean alimentados iniciamente con fórmulas de soja tienen una ingestión de hasta 5.4 mg/kg de peso corporal de genistein y 2.3 mg/kg de peso corporal de daidzein por día. Por esta razón, los lactantes alimentados con fórmulas de soja estan expuestos a niveles aproximadamente 16 veces mas altos de isoflavonas que los pacientes del estudio Ishizuki.

Las concentraciones de isoflavonas encontradas en productos disponibles en Nueva Zelandia indican que una dieta de 500 g de leche de soja más 200 g de queso de soja por día, podría dar como resultado la ingestión de hasta un total de 135 mg de genistein y de 80 g de daidzein. Para un adulto que pese 70 kg., esto equivale a la ingestión de 1.9 mg/kg de peso corporal de genistein y de 1.1 mg/kg de peso corporal de daidzein por día.


Este grado de exposición a las isoflavonas es más de cinco veces la exposición de los pacientes en la investigación de Ishizuki y otros.

Los usuarios de los suplementos de isoflavona pueden consumir hasta 40 mg de genistein por día. Para un adulto que pese 70 kg. esto es equivalente a 0.57 mg/kg de peso corporal de genistein por día lo cual es 1.7 veces más que la cantidad que se ha comprobado que causa efectos bociógenicos. Por lo tanto los lactantes alimentados con fórmulas de soja, los consumidores de grandes cantidades de soja y los usuarios de suplementos de isoflavona pueden presentar los sintomas de hipotiroidismo sin sospechar una conexión con la dieta.


Desafortunadamente existen pocos datos acerca de qué constituye un nivel apropiado de ingestión de soja, aunque parece ser que los consumidores en los paises occidentales ahora pueden estar consumiendo mayores cantidades de soja que la consumida como parte de una dieta tradicional asiatica.


Los consumidores de soja deben ser cautelosos y no exceder el consumo de más de 40 g de isoflavonas de soja por día. Se han observado desordenes de la tiroides y otros efectos biológicos en dosis iguales o por encima de este nivel.


Aproximadamente, se pueden encontrar 40 mg de isoflavonas en: Poroto de soja y harina de soja 12-25 g (0.4-0.9 oz) Soja molida 20 g (0.7 oz) Queso de soja (tofu) 70-130 g (2.5-4.6 oz) Leche de soja 200-300 g (7.1-10.6 oz) Brotes de soja 100 g (3.5 oz) ¿Por qué no se difunde esta información? La gente tiene el derecho a saber exactamente qué está comiendo y como está alimentando a sus hijos. ¿,Por qué las agencias gubernamentales se resisten informar al público?


En junio de 1998, el Doctor Mike Fitzpatrick se reunió con el personal del DHS de California para expresar su preocupación acerca de la soja y en particular las fórmulas a base de soja. Recibió una respuesta por escrito de la toxicóloga del DHS, Doctora Susan Loscutoff, quien aflrmó:

“Estoy de acuerdo en que los altos niveles de isoflavinas en las fórmulas para alimentar a los lactantes son motivo de preocupación.” “No estoy de acuerdo en que los padres tengan el derecho a saber que las fórmulas a base de soja contienen isoflavonas y la clase de toxicidad que las isoflavonas puedan causar en los lactantes, ya que los padres no sabrian como interpretar esa información.”

Esta es la tipica respuesta de las agencias que temen represalias de las industrias de la soja si llegaran a alertar al público acerca de los peligros potenciales para la salud con relación a las isoflavonas de la soja.Qué puedo hacer? Envíe esta información a los profesionales de la salud y a sus amigos. Escríbale al Departamento de Salud Estatal solicitando información acerca de los riesgos asociados con el consumo de isoflavonas http://nomecomas.blogia.com/2007/052401-la-soya-bajo-la-lupa.php


SOYA INFANT FORMULA: THE HEALTH CONCERNS

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Dr Mike Fitzpatrick & Sue Dibb. ADDENDUM: APRIL 1999. What about the traditional use of use soy in infant feeding? Soy was not used in infant feeding in ...

www.soyonlineservice.co.nz/downloads/brief3.pdf


J Nutr. 2008 Jun;138(6):1244S-9S.

Health effects of soy protein and isoflavones in humans.Xiao CW


....."Some studies have documented potential safety concerns on increased consumption of soy products. Impacts of soy products on thyroid and reproductive functions as well as on certain types of carcinogenesis require further study in this context. Overall, existing data are inconsistent or inadequate in supporting most of the suggested health benefits of consuming soy protein or ISF."

PMID: 18492864


Brain Res Rev. 2008 Mar;57(2):376-85. Epub 2007 Sep 19.

Neuroendocrine and behavioral effects of embryonic exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals in birds.


Ottinger MA, Lavoie E, Thompson N, Barton A, Whitehouse K, Barton M, Abdelnabi M, Quinn M Jr, Panzica G, Viglietti-Panzica C.


Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) exert hormone-like activity in vertebrates and exposure to these compounds may induce both short- and long-term deleterious effects including functional alterations that contribute to decreased reproduction and fitness....The EDCs examined included estradiol, androgen active compounds," soy phytoestrogens ", and atrazine. PMID: 18006066


J Neurol Sci. 2007 Nov 15;262(1-2):15-26. Epub 2007 Jul 24.

Autism: transient in utero hypothyroxinemia related to maternal flavonoid ingestion during pregnancy and to other environmental antithyroid agents.

Román GC.


The incidence and prevalence of autism have increased during the past two decades. Despite comprehensive genetic studies the cause of autism remains unknown. This review emphasizes the potential importance of environmental factors in its causation. PMID: 17651757


J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2006 Jun;52(3):174-82.

Effects of genistein, an isoflavone, on pregnancy outcome and organ weights of pregnant and lactating rats and development of their suckling pups.


Tousen Y, Umeki M, Nakashima Y, Ishimi Y, Ikegami S

....."while we observed that the serum concentration of triiodothyronine (T3) in dams decreased, the result was a tendency, not a significant decrease. Our study suggested that maternal ingestion of genistein might have not induced serious adverse effects on dams, fetuses, infants or offspring during growth. However, the results indicated in many papers suggest the necessity of further study on the safety of genistein."PMID: 16967761


Drug Saf. 2001;24(9):665-82.

Risks and benefits of soy phytoestrogens in cardiovascular diseases, cancer, climacteric symptoms and osteoporosis.

Sirtori CR..

........Disturbing data have been reported on potential negative effects of soy isoflavones on cognitive function in the aged, particularly relating to tofu intake. Recent studies have finally indicated a potential role for soy isoflavones in inducing chromosomal changes in cells exposed in vitro and potentiating chemical carcinogens. These findings may not, however, be extrapolated to clinical conditions. Available data do not appear to unequivocally support beneficial effects of soy isoflavones, and warn against their wide use, in the absence of satisfactory clinical findings.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11522120?dopt=Abstract



Circulation. 2006 Feb 21;113(7):1034-44. Epub 2006 Jan 17.

Soy protein, isoflavones, and cardiovascular health: an American Heart Association Science Advisory for professionals from the Nutrition Committee.


Sacks FM, Lichtenstein A, Van Horn L, Harris W, Kris-Etherton P, Winston M; American Heart Association Nutrition Committee.

......The efficacy and safety of soy isoflavones for preventing or treating cancer of the breast, endometrium, and prostate are not established; evidence from clinical trials is meager and cautionary with regard to a possible adverse effect. For this reason, use of isoflavone supplements in food or pills is not recommended...

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16418439?dopt=Abstract


Aún no hay consenso acerca de los beneficios del consumo de la soya y sus productos. Hay muchas variables en juego. Puede que la soya sea beneficiosa para ciertas subpoblaciones y nocivas para otras. Esto queda aún por determinarse.El consejo es moderación en la ingesta para aquellas personas que actualmente la consumen. Yo particularmente, no la consumo, en ninguna de sus formas, sea aceite, leche, tofu, lo que sea. Pero esa es mi decisión personal. Lo importante es tener el conocimiento de lo que científicamente se dice actualmente, para posteriormente poder hacer una elección informada.

          Union Guilds        
Union's quest is also like daily quest, everyday you do the quest and get rewards.
But instead of Zeny (Daily Quest), you'll get Items as a reward.
And the items you can get depends on what Union you joined.

And don't worry, you can always quit your present union if u got what you want,
and maybe join the other one for other rewards.

Oh and I personally don't know what will happen to your unused points if you quit your union..
Never tried that.. ^_^

Now choose from the six Union you want to join!

1. Prontera Knightage Union
2. Odin Orthodoxy Union
3. Darkness Shadow Union
4. Hunter Union
5. Magic Academy Union
6. Alberta Merchant Alliance Union


=====================================================================


Prontera Knightage Union
NPC: Knight Schubert 
Location: Prontera 

Secrets to Provocation
[Provoke lvl 1]

Prontera Knightage Will
[Berserk lvl 1]

Box of Trace of Earth Bundle
[20 Traces of Earth]

Refining Whetstone V 
[90min Weapon Attack +5%]

Traces of Freyja
[Blue material]

Twilight Shadow Piece
[Purple Material]

Heroic Echo
[Purple Material]

Iron Cain 
[Lower Face]

Zeras Hyperion Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================


Odin Orthodoxy Union
NPC: Saint Ramort
Location: Prontera 

Blessing of the Saintess 
[Blessing lvl 1]

Prime Grace
[Assumptio lvl 1]

Judgement Lightning
[Jupitel Thunder lvl 1]

Box of Life Souce Bundle
[20 Life Sources]

Dragon Embroidery V 
[90min Jacket Intelligence +15%]

Fragment of the Unknown 
[Blue Material]

Inherited Free Will 
[Blue Materia]

Guardian Angel
[Head Accessory]

Aione Oaklay Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================


Darkness Shadow Union
NPC: Dark Grandol
Location: Prontera

Assassin's Creed (Poison)
[Poisoning Weapon lvl 1]

Assassin's Creed (Kill)
[Shadow Claw lvl 1]

Assassin's Creed (Speed)
[Agility lvl 1]

Box of Spirit of Ruin Bundle
[20 Spirits of Ruin]

Tiger Embroidery V
[90min Jacket STR +15%]

Dimension Fragment Piece
[Green Material]

Cursed Mark of Immortality
[Blue Material]

Studded Headband
[Head Accessory]

Eremes Guile Style
[Top]


=====================================================================


Hunter Union
NPC: Hunter Teodor
Location: Divided Plain

Spirit Guard 
Endure lvl 1

Wind Elixir
[1Min +60% Movement Speed]

Box of Monster Fragment Bundle
[20 Monster Fragments]

Bear Embroidery V
[90min Jacket VIT +15%]

Sealed Root of Strength 
[Blue Material]

Dark Scythe Piece 
[Purple Material]

Ancient Demon's Horn 
[Purple Material]

Eyeshade 
[Middle Face]

Reidin Kerse Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================


Magic Academy Union
NPC: Magic Scholar Trowa 
Location: Prontera 

Book of Armageddon (Annihiliation)
[Meteo Storm lvl 1 = Physical Attack Value]

Book or Armageddon (Despair) 
[Meteor Storm lvl 1 = Magic Attack Value]

Niflheim Seed
[Frost Nova lvl 1]

Box of Firmament Essence Bundles
[20 Firmament Essences]

Magic Oil V
[90min Magical Attack +5%]

Broken Barrier Fragment Crystal
[Blue Material]

Wailing Griever Mask Piece 
[Blue Material]

Crystal Circlet
[Head Accessory]

Dr. Jacob Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================

Alberta Merchant Alliance Union
NPC: Great Merchant Muria
Location: Alberta

Wind Elixir 
[1Min +60% Movement Speed]

Zeny Bag 
[Sold for 24 Zeny]

Cracked Emperium Piece 
[Green Material]

Magical Red Feather 
[Green Material]

Colossal Brandium Piece 
[Green Material]

Mind of the Money Loser
[Head Accessory]

Onasis Defendhill Style 
[Top]





          ä¸å®šæœŸML&NLPå ±#4        

最近の機械学習&自然言語処理に関する情報をまとめるコーナーです。前回はこちら。このエントリ忘れてるよというのがありましたら、たれこみフォームから教えてもらえるとうれしいです。

論文

  • [1701.07875] Wasserstein GAN
    • GANを含む生成系のタスクは難しいことが知られているが、学習時に使う距離をWasserstein距離というものを使うと学習が安定したという話

ブログ/勉強会資料

speakerdeck.com

機械学習モデルのバージョン管理をするstarchartというツールは知らなかった。解説記事もあった。

speakerdeck.com

機械学習というよりはログ基盤的な話。

AWS Athenaを使って 30TBのWeb行動ログ集計を試みた from Tetsutaro Watanabe
www.slideshare.net

ビジネス

学会/勉強会

NIPS読み会

Kaggle Tokyo Meetup #2

全脳アーキテクチャ若手の会

AAAI2017

その他

機械学習のための連続最適化 (機械学習プロフェッショナルシリーズ)

機械学習のための連続最適化 (機械学習プロフェッショナルシリーズ)

関係データ学習 (機械学習プロフェッショナルシリーズ)

関係データ学習 (機械学習プロフェッショナルシリーズ)


          About Jackie Robinson        

Who was Jackie Robinson?

 

Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was the first black Major League Baseball. Robinson broke the baseball color barrier when he signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. As the first black man to play in the major leagues, (aside from the 1880s, before the MLB was organized) he is most known for bringing social justice to baseball, which had seperate leagues for blacks (the Negro leagues) and whites for six decades. His character and skills are what helped him challenge the traditional basis of segregation, which was prevalent in all areas of American Life, and was a catalyst to the Civil Rights Movement. Robinson was not just any other baseball player, he strived for success and achieved it, as he helped the Dodgers get to six World Series' and win it all in 1955. He was Rookie of the Year in 1947, MVP in 1949 and a six time All-Star from 1949-1954. He was then inducted to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown in 1962 followed by all of MLB retiring the Jackie Robinson Jersey: number 42, in 1997, an honor reserved solely to Robinson. 

Pre Baseball Life

Jackie was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, to a family of farmers during a Spanish flu and smallpox epidemic. He was the youngest of five children, after his brothers Edgar, Frank, Matthew, and Willa Mae. He was named "Roosevelt" as a middle name, in honor of former President Theodore Roosevelt, who died earier that month. The Robinson's moved to 121 Pepper Street in Pasadena, California after their father left them in 1920. Their mother worked various jobs to support them as they grew up in relative poverty even though Pasadena was considered an affluent place. They attended Washington Junior High School followed by Muir Tech High School. The Robinsons were superb athletes. Matthew was a silver medalist in the 1936 Olympics and he and Frank inspired Jackie to seriously pursue a career in sports. Jackie played on the Muir Tech football team as quarterback, basketball team as a guard, track team as a jumper, tennis team and baseball team as both a catcher and shortstop. In 1936, he won a Tennis Tournament and played in the Pomona baseball tournament all star team with fellow future Hall of Famers Ted Williams and Bob Lemon. 

After High School, Jackie went on to Pasadena Junior College where he continued his involvement in sports. He also was elected to the Lancers, a local organization responsible for helping patrol school activities. In 1938, Jackie joined the All-Southland Junior College baseball team and was selected as that years MVP. He also received honors for his outstanding community service, even though he sometimes acted against those around him who seemed racist. While playing football for PJC, Jackie broke his ankle. A few days before Jackie's 19th birthday he was arrested for vocally disputing the arrest of a black friend of his. He quickly earned a reputation for being one who won't shy away from beligerrance in the face of racism.

After graduating from PJC, Jackie's brother, Frank, was killed in a motorcycle accident which helped Jackie make a decision to move to L.A. where he could console Frank's family. Jackie decided to attend UCLA where he met is future wife, Rachel Isum, and won varsity letters in all the major sports. He won the 1940 NCAA Mens Outdoor Track and Field Championship in the Long Jump,jumping a whopping 24 Feet 10.5 Inches. Ironically, in that year, robinson batted .097 for the UCLA baseball squad. In 1941, he took a job with the NYA as an assistant athletic director, as it would have been impossible for him to get a job as a proffesional athlete due to the color barrier. Later that year he traveled to Hawaii where he had an opportunity to play for the racially mixed semi-pro Honolulu Bears' football team. After that season he would move back to L.A. to play for a local football team, not realizing that the US involvement in World War 2 would sidetrack him for a little while and end his short football career.

Robinson was drafted to the Army in 1942 and was stationed in Fort Riley, Kansas. Throughout his 3 plus years in the Army, he was always treated as a subordinate by the White controlled military. He still managed to become a second lieutenant in 1943, and joined the Black Panthers Tank Battallion, the first Black tank unit to see combat in WWII. However, jackie was never in combat. After getting engaged to his College sweetheart, Rachel, he was sidelined after injuring the same ankle he hurt back in high school. He would finish his army service as a coach for army athletes until 1944 when he was discharged. While in the Army, Robinson made close ties with boxer, Joe Louis, as they helped each other struggle in the white dominated Army.

In early 1945, after working some part time coaching jobs, Jackie received an offer from the Kansas City Monarchs to Play professional Baseball in the Negro Leagues. He signed a contract worth $400 a month as he played for the Monarchs for 1 Season. He played 47 games at shortstop batting .387. The Negro leagues were'nt for Jackie as he didn't like their unorganized style. Luckily he received a secret offer from the GM of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Branch Rickey, to come to NY and play for their Minor League team. They offered him $600 a month on the condition that he would be able to take abuse from other players for being the only black, but contain himself from fighting back. Jackie accepted, and immediately left the Monarchs for NYC where he would marry Rachel Isum, who was in NY studying to be a Nurse. Jackie would start with the Dodgers' AAA club in Daytona Beach, FL that next season.

Baseball Career

In 1946, Robinson arrived at Daytona Beach, Florida, for spring training with the Montreal Royals of the Class AAA International League (the designation of "AAA" for the highest level of minor league baseball was first used in the 1946 season). Robinson's presence was controversial in racially charged Florida. As he was not allowed to stay with his teammates at the team hotel, he lodged instead at the home of a local black politician. Since the Dodgers organization did not own a spring training facility (the Dodger-controlled spring training compound in Vero Beach known as "Dodgertown" did not open until spring 1948), scheduling was subject to the whim of area localities, several of which turned down any event involving Robinson or Johnny Wright, another black player whom Rickey had signed to the Dodgers' organization in January. In Sanford, Florida, the police chief threatened to cancel games if Robinson and Wright did not cease training activities there; as a result, Robinson was sent back to Daytona Beach. In Jacksonville, the stadium was padlocked shut without warning on game day, by order of the city's Parks and Public Property director. In DeLand, a scheduled day game was called off, ostensibly because of faulty electrical lighting.

After much lobbying of local officials by Rickey himself, the Royals were allowed to host a game involving Robinson in Daytona Beach. Robinson made his Royals debut at Daytona Beach's City Island Ballpark on March 17, 1946, in an exhibition game against the team's parent club, the Dodgers. Robinson thus simultaneously became the first black player to openly play for a minor league team and against a major league team since the de facto baseball color line had been implemented in the 1880s. Later in spring training, after some less-than-stellar performances, Robinson was shifted from shortstop to second base, allowing him to make shorter throws to first base. Robinson's performance soon rebounded. On April 18, 1946, Roosevelt Stadium hosted the Jersey City Giants' season opener against the Montreal Royals, marking the professional debut of the Royals' Jackie Robinson. In his five trips to the plate, Robinson had four hits, including a three-run home run. He also scored four runs, drove in three, and stole two bases in the Royals' 14–1 victory. Robinson proceeded to lead the International League that season with a .349 batting average and .985 fielding percentage, and he was named the league's Most Valuable Player. Although he often faced hostility while on road trips (the Royals were forced to cancel a Southern exhibition tour, for example), the Montreal fan base enthusiastically supported Robinson. Whether fans supported or opposed it, Robinson's presence on the field was a boon to attendance; more than one million people went to games involving Robinson in 1946, an amazing figure by International League standards. In the fall of 1946, following the baseball season, Robinson returned home to California and briefly played professional basketball for the short-lived Los Angeles Red Devils.

The following year, six days before the start of the 1947 season, the Dodgers called Robinson up to the major leagues. With Eddie Stanky entrenched at second base for the Dodgers, Robinson played his initial major league season as a first baseman. On April 15, 1947, Robinson made his major league debut at Ebbets Field before a crowd of 26,623 spectators, including more than 14,000 black patrons. Although he failed to get a base hit, the Dodgers won 5–3. Robinson became the first player since 1880 to openly break the major league baseball color line. Black fans began flocking to see the Dodgers when they came to town, abandoning their Negro league teams.

Robinson's promotion met a generally positive, although mixed, reception among newspapers and white major league players. However, racial tension existed in the Dodger clubhouse. Some Dodger players insinuated they would sit out rather than play alongside Robinson. The brewing mutiny ended when Dodgers management took a stand for Robinson. Manager Leo Durocher informed the team, "I do not care if the guy is yellow or black, or if he has stripes like a fuckin' zebra. I'm the manager of this team, and I say he plays. What's more, I say he can make us all rich. And if any of you cannot use the money, I will see that you are all traded."

Robinson was also derided by opposing teams. Some, notably the St. Louis Cardinals, threatened to strike if Robinson played. After the threat, National League President Ford Frick and Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler let it be known that any striking players would be suspended. Robinson nonetheless became the target of rough physical play by opponents (particularly the Cardinals). At one time, he received a seven-inch gash in his leg. On April 22, 1947, during a game between the Dodgers and the Philadelphia Phillies, Phillies players called Robinson a "nigger" from their dugout and yelled that he should "go back to the cotton fields". Rickey later recalled that Phillies manager Ben Chapman "did more than anybody to unite the Dodgers. When he poured out that string of unconscionable abuse, he solidified and united thirty men."

Robinson received significant encouragement from several major league players. Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese once came to Robinson's defense with the famous line, "You can hate a man for many reasons. Color is not one of them." In 1948, Reese put his arm around Robinson in response to fans who shouted racial slurs at Robinson before a game in Cincinnati. A statue by sculptor William Behrends, unveiled at KeySpan Park on November 1, 2005, commemorates this event by representing Reese with his arm around Robinson. Jewish baseball star Hank Greenberg, who had to deal with racial epithets during his career, also encouraged Robinson. After colliding with Robinson at first base on one occasion, Greenberg whispered a few words into Robinson's ear, which Robinson later characterized as "words of encouragement." Greenberg had advised him that the best way to combat the slurs from the opposing players was to beat them on the field.

Robinson finished the season having played in 151 games for the Dodgers, with a batting average of .297, an on-base percentage of .383, and a .427 slugging percentage. He had 175 hits (scoring 125 runs) including 31 doubles, 5 triples, 12 home runs, driving in 48 runs for the year. Robinson led the league in sacrifice hits, with 28, and in stolen bases, with 29. His cumulative performance earned him the inaugural Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award (separate National and American League Rookie of the Year honors were not awarded until 1949).

Following Stanky's trade to the Boston Braves in March 1948, Robinson took over second base, where he logged a .980 fielding percentage that year (second in the National League at the position, fractionally behind Stanky). Robinson had a batting average of .296 and 22 stolen bases for the season. In a 12–7 win against the St. Louis Cardinals on August 29, 1948, he hit for the cycle—a home run, a triple, a double, and a single in the same game. The Dodgers briefly moved into first place in the National League in late August 1948, but they ultimately finished third as the Braves went on to win the league title and lose to the Cleveland Indians in the World Series.

Racial pressure on Robinson eased in 1948 as a number of other black players entered the major leagues. Larry Doby (who broke the color barrier in the American League on July 5, 1947) and Satchel Paige played for the Cleveland Indians, and the Dodgers had three other black players besides Robinson. In February 1948, he signed a $12,500 contract (equal to $120,914 today) with the Dodgers; while a significant amount, this was less than Robinson made in the off-season from a vaudeville tour, where he answered pre-set baseball questions, and a speaking tour of the South. Between the tours, he underwent surgery on his right ankle. Because of his off-season activities, Robinson reported to training camp 30 pounds (14 kg) overweight. He lost the weight during training camp, but dieting left him weak at the plate.

In the spring of 1949, Robinson turned to Hall of Famer George Sisler, working as an advisor to the Dodgers, for batting help. At Sisler's suggestion, Robinson spent hours at a batting tee, learning to hit the ball to right field. Sisler taught Robinson to anticipate a fastball, on the theory that it is easier to subsequently adjust to a slower curveball. Robinson also noted that "Sisler showed me how to stop lunging, how to check my swing until the last fraction of a second". The tutelage helped Robinson raise his batting average from .296 in 1948 to .342 in 1949. In addition to his improved batting average, Robinson stole 37 bases that season, was second place in the league for both doubles and triples, and registered 124 runs batted in with 122 runs scored. For the performance Robinson earned the Most Valuable Player award for the National League. Baseball fans also voted Robinson as the starting second baseman for the 1949 All-Star Game—the first All-Star Game to include black players.

That year, a song about Robinson by Buddy Johnson, "Did You See Jackie Robinson Hit That Ball?", reached number 13 on the charts; Count Basie recorded a famous version. Ultimately, the Dodgers won the National League pennant, but lost in five games to the New York Yankees in the 1949 World Series.

Summer 1949 brought an unwanted distraction for Robinson. In July, he was called to testify before the United States House of Representatives' Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) concerning statements made that April by black athlete and actor Paul Robeson. Robinson was reluctant to testify, but he eventually agreed to do so, fearing it might negatively affect his career if he declined.

In 1950, Robinson led the National League in double plays made by a second baseman with 133. His salary that year was the highest any Dodger had been paid to that point: $35,000 ($338,091 in 2012 dollars). He finished the year with 99 runs scored, a .328 batting average, and 12 stolen bases. The year saw the release of a film biography of Robinson's life, The Jackie Robinson Story, in which Robinson played himself, and actress Ruby Dee played Rachael "Rae" (Isum) Robinson. The project had been previously delayed when the film's producers refused to accede to demands of two Hollywood studios that the movie include scenes of Robinson being tutored in baseball by a white man. The New York Times wrote that Robinson, "doing that rare thing of playing himself in the picture's leading role, displays a calm assurance and composure that might be envied by many a Hollywood star."

Robinson's Hollywood exploits, however, did not sit well with Dodgers co-owner Walter O'Malley, who referred to Robinson as "Rickey's prima donna". In late 1950, Rickey's contract as the Dodgers' team President expired. Weary of constant disagreements with O'Malley, and with no hope of being re-appointed as President of the Dodgers, Rickey cashed out his one-quarter financial interest in the team, leaving O'Malley in full control of the franchise. Rickey shortly thereafter became general manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Robinson was disappointed at the turn of events and wrote a sympathetic letter to Rickey, whom he considered a father figure, stating, "Regardless of what happens to me in the future, it all can be placed on what you have done and, believe me, I appreciate it."

Before the 1951 season, O'Malley reportedly offered Robinson the job of manager of the Montreal Royals, effective at the end of Robinson's playing career. O'Malley was quoted in the Montreal Standard as saying, "Jackie told me that he would be both delighted and honored to tackle this managerial post"—although reports differed as to whether a position was ever formally offered.

During the 1951 season, Robinson led the National League in double plays made by a second baseman for the second year in a row, with 137. He also kept the Dodgers in contention for the 1951 pennant. During the last game of the season, in the 13th inning, he had a hit to tie the game, and then won the game with a home run in the 14th. This forced a playoff against the New York Giants, which the Dodgers lost.

Despite Robinson's regular-season heroics, the Dodgers lost the pennant on Bobby Thomson's famous home run, known as the Shot Heard 'Round the World, on October 3, 1951. Overcoming his dejection, Robinson dutifully observed Thomson's feet to ensure he touched all the bases. Dodgers sportscaster Vin Scully later noted that the incident showed "how much of a competitor Robinson was." He finished the season with 106 runs scored, a batting average of .335, and 25 stolen bases.

Robinson had what was an average year for him in 1952. He finished the year with 104 runs, a .308 batting average, and 24 stolen bases. He did, however, record a career-high on-base percentage of .436. The Dodgers improved on their performance from the year before, winning the National League pennant before losing the 1952 World Series to the New York Yankees in seven games. That year, on the television show Youth Wants to Know, Robinson challenged the Yankees' general manager, George Weiss, on the racial record of his team, which had yet to sign a black player. Sportswriter Dick Young, whom Robinson had described as a "bigot", said, "If there was one flaw in Jackie, it was the common one. He believed that everything unpleasant that happened to him happened because of his blackness." The 1952 season was the last year Robinson was an everyday starter at second base. Afterward, Robinson played variously at first, second, and third bases, shortstop, and in the outfield, with Jim Gilliam, another black player, taking over everyday second base duties. Robinson's interests began to shift toward the prospect of managing a major league team. He had hoped to gain experience by managing in the Puerto Rican Winter League, but according to the New York Post, Commissioner Happy Chandler denied the request.

In 1953, Robinson had 109 runs, a .329 batting average, and 17 steals, leading the Dodgers to another National League pennant (and another World Series loss to the Yankees, this time in six games). Robinson's continued success spawned a string of death threats. He was not dissuaded, however, from addressing racial issues publicly. That year, he served as editor for Our Sports magazine, a periodical focusing on Negro sports issues; contributions to the magazine included an article on golf course segregation by Robinson's old friend Joe Louis. Robinson also openly criticized segregated hotels and restaurants that served the Dodger organization; a number of these establishments integrated as a result, including the five-star Chase Park Hotel in St. Louis.

In 1954, Robinson had 62 runs, a .311 batting average, and 7 steals. His best day at the plate was on June 17, when he hit two home runs and two doubles. The following autumn, Robinson won his only championship when the Dodgers beat the New York Yankees in the 1955 World Series. Although the team enjoyed ultimate success, 1955 was the worst year of Robinson's individual career. He hit .256 and stole only 12 bases. The Dodgers tried Robinson in the outfield and as a third baseman, both because of his diminishing abilities and because Gilliam was established at second base. Robinson, then 37 years old, missed 49 games and did not play in Game 7 of the World Series. Robinson missed the game because manager Walter Alston decided to play Gilliam at second and Don Hoak at third base. That season, the Dodgers' Don Newcombe became the first black major league pitcher to win twenty games in a year.

In 1956, Robinson had 61 runs, a .275 batting average, and 12 steals. By then, he had begun to exhibit the effects of diabetes, and to lose interest in the prospect of playing or managing professional baseball. After the season, Robinson was traded by the Dodgers to the arch-rival New York Giants for Dick Littlefield and $35,000 cash (equal to $299,192 today). The trade, however, was never completed; unbeknownst to the Dodgers, Robinson had already agreed with the president of Chock full o'Nuts to quit baseball and become an executive with the company. Since Robinson had sold exclusive rights to any retirement story to Look magazine two years previously,[165&91; his retirement decision was revealed through the magazine, instead of through the Dodgers organization.

Legacy

Robinson's major league debut brought an end to approximately sixty years of segregation in professional baseball, known as the baseball color line. After World War II, several other forces were also leading the country toward increased equality for blacks, including their accelerated migration of to the North, where their political clout grew, and President Harry Truman's desegregation of the military in 1948. Robinson's breaking of the baseball color line and his professional success symbolized these broader changes and demonstrated that the fight for equality was more than simply a political matter. Martin Luther King, Jr. said that he was "a legend and a symbol in his own time", and that he "challenged the dark skies of intolerance and frustration." According to historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, Robinson's "efforts were a monumental step in the civil-rights revolution in America ... [His&91; accomplishments allowed black and white Americans to be more respectful and open to one another and more appreciative of everyone's abilities."

Beginning his major league career at the relatively advanced age of twenty-eight, he played only ten seasons, all of them for the Brooklyn Dodgers. During his career, the Dodgers played in six World Series, and Robinson himself played in six All-Star Games. In 1999, he was posthumously named to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

Robinson's career is generally considered to mark the beginning of the post–"long ball" era in baseball, in which a reliance on raw power-hitting gave way to balanced offensive strategies that used footspeed to create runs through aggressive baserunning. Robinson exhibited the combination of hitting ability and speed which exemplified the new era. He scored more than 100 runs in six of his ten seasons (averaging more than 110 runs from 1947 to 1953), had a .311 career batting average, a .409 career on-base percentage, a .474 slugging percentage, and substantially more walks than strikeouts (740 to 291). Robinson was one of only two players during the span of 1947–56 to accumulate at least 125 steals while registering a slugging percentage over .425 (Minnie Miñoso was the other). He accumulated 197 stolen bases in total, including 19 steals of home. None of the latter were double steals (in which a player stealing home is assisted by a player stealing another base at the same time). Robinson has been referred to by author David Falkner as "the father of modern base-stealing."

"I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me ... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being." —Robinson, on his legacy

 

Historical statistical analysis indicates Robinson was an outstanding fielder throughout his ten years in the major leagues and at virtually every position he played. After playing his rookie season at first base, Robinson spent most of his career as a second baseman. He led the league in fielding among second basemen in 1950 and 1951. Toward the end of his career, he played about 2,000 innings at third base and about 1,175 innings in the outfield, excelling at both.

Assessing himself, Robinson said, "I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me ... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being." Regarding Robinson's qualities on the field, Leo Durocher said, "Ya want a guy that comes to play. This guy didn't just come to play. He come to beat ya. He come to stuff the goddamn bat right up your ass."

Post-baseball life

Robinson as ABC sports announcer in 1965

Robinson retired from baseball on January 5, 1957. Later that year, after he complained of numerous physical ailments, his doctors diagnosed Robinson with diabetes, a disease that also affected his brothers. Although Robinson adopted an insulin injection regimen, the state of medicine at the time could not prevent continued deterioration of Robinson's physical condition from the disease.

In his first year of eligibility for the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962, Robinson encouraged voters to consider only his on-field qualifications, rather than his cultural impact on the game. He was elected on the first ballot, becoming the first black player inducted into the Cooperstown museum.

In 1965, Robinson served as an analyst for ABC's Major League Baseball Game of the Week telecasts, the first black person to do so. In 1966, Robinson was hired as general manager for the short-lived Brooklyn Dodgers of the Continental Football League. In 1972, he served as a part-time commentator on Montreal Expos telecasts.

On June 4, 1972, the Dodgers retired his uniform number, 42, alongside those of Roy Campanella (39) and Sandy Koufax (32). From 1957 to 1964, Robinson was the vice president for personnel at Chock full o'Nuts; he was the first black person to serve as vice president of a major American corporation. Robinson always considered his business career as advancing the cause of black people in commerce and industry. Robinson also chaired the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) million-dollar Freedom Fund Drive in 1957, and served on the organization's board until 1967. In 1964, he helped found, with Harlem businessman Dunbar McLaurin, Freedom National Bank—a black-owned and operated commercial bank based in Harlem. He also served as the bank's first Chairman of the Board. In 1970, Robinson established the Jackie Robinson Construction Company to build housing for low-income families.

Robinson was active in politics throughout his post-baseball life. He identified himself as a political independent although he held conservative opinions on several issues, including the Vietnam War (he once wrote Martin Luther King, Jr. to defend the Johnson Administration's military policy). After supporting Richard Nixon in his 1960 presidential race against John F. Kennedy, Robinson later praised Kennedy effusively for his stance on civil rights. Robinson was angered by conservative Republican opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. He became one of six national directors for Nelson Rockefeller's unsuccessful campaign to be nominated as the Republican candidate for the 1964 presidential election. After the party nominated Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona instead, Robinson left the party's convention commenting that he now had "a better understanding of how it must have felt to be a Jew in Hitler's Germany". He later became special assistant for community affairs when Rockefeller was re-elected governor of New York in 1966. Switching his allegiance to the Democrats, he subsequently supported Hubert Humphrey against Nixon in 1968.

Protesting the major leagues' ongoing lack of minority managers and central office personnel, Robinson turned down an invitation to appear in an old-timers' game at Yankee Stadium in 1969. He made his final public appearance on October 15, 1972, throwing the ceremonial first pitch before Game 2 of the World Series. He gratefully accepted a plaque honoring the twenty-fifth anniversary of his MLB debut, but also commented, "I'm going to be tremendously more pleased and more proud when I look at that third base coaching line one day and see a black face managing in baseball." This wish was fulfilled only after Robinson's death: following the 1974 season, the Cleveland Indians gave their managerial post to Frank Robinson (no relation), a Hall of Fame-bound player who would go on to manage three other teams. Despite the success of these two Robinsons and other black players, the number of African-American players in Major League Baseball has declined since the 1970s.

Family life and death

After Robinson's retirement from baseball, his wife, Rachel Robinson, pursued a career in academic nursing—she became an assistant professor at the Yale School of Nursing and director of nursing at the Connecticut Mental Health Center. She also served on the board of the Freedom National Bank until it closed in 1990. She and Jackie had three children: Jackie Robinson Jr. (born November 18, 1946), Sharon Robinson (born January 13, 1950), and David Robinson (born May 14, 1952).

Robinson's eldest son, Jackie Robinson Jr., had emotional trouble during his childhood and entered special education at an early age. He enrolled in the Army in search of a disciplined environment, served in the Vietnam War, and was wounded in action on November 19, 1965. After his discharge, he struggled with drug problems. Robinson Jr. eventually completed the treatment program at Daytop Village in Seymour, Connecticut, and became a counselor at the institution. On June 17, 1971, at the age of 24, he was killed in an automobile accident. The experience with his son's drug addiction turned Robinson, Sr. into an avid anti-drug crusader toward the end of his life.

Robinson did not long outlive his son. Complications of heart disease and diabetes weakened Robinson and made him almost blind by middle age. On October 24, 1972, he died of a heart attack at home in Stamford, Connecticut, aged fifty-three. Robinson's funeral service on October 27, 1972, at New York City's Riverside Church attracted 2,500 admirers. Many of his former teammates and other famous black baseball players served as pallbearers, and the Rev. Jesse Jackson gave the eulogy. Tens of thousands of people lined the subsequent procession route to Robinson's interment site at Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, where he is buried next to his son Jackie and mother-in-law Zellee Isum. Jackie Robinson Parkway also runs through the cemetery.

After Robinson's death, his widow founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation, of which she remains an officer as of 2009. On April 15, 2008, she announced that in 2010 the foundation will be opening a museum devoted to Jackie in Lower Manhattan. Robinson's daughter, Sharon, became a midwife, educator, director of educational programming for MLB, and the author of two books about her father. His youngest son, David, who has ten children, is a coffee grower and social activist in Tanzania.

Awards and recognition

According to a poll conducted in 1947, Robinson was the second most popular man in the country, behind Bing Crosby. In 1999, he was named by Time on its list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Also in 1999, he ranked number 44 on the Sporting News list of Baseball's 100 Greatest Players and was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team as the top vote-getter among second basemen. Baseball writer Bill James, in The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, ranked Robinson as the 32nd greatest player of all time strictly on the basis of his performance on the field, noting that he was one of the top players in the league throughout his career. Robinson was among the 25 charter members of UCLA’s Athletics Hall of Fame in 1984. In 2002, Molefi Kete Asante included Robinson on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans. Robinson has also been honored by the United States Postal Service on three separate postage stamps, in 1982, 1999, and 2000.

The City of Pasadena has recognized Robinson in several ways. Brookside Park, situated next to the Rose Bowl, features a baseball diamond and stadium named Jackie Robinson Field. The city's Human Services Department operates the Jackie Robinson Center, a community outreach center that provides early diabetes detection and other services. In 1997, a $325,000 bronze sculpture (equal to $470,522 today) by artists Ralph Helmick, Stu Schecter, and John Outterbridge depicting oversized nine-foot busts of Robinson and his brother Mack was erected at Garfield Avenue, across from the main entrance of Pasadena City Hall; a granite footprint lists multiple donors to the commission project, which was organized by the Robinson Memorial Foundation and supported by members of the Robinson family.

Major League Baseball has honored Robinson many times since his death. In 1987, both the National and American League Rookie of the Year Awards were renamed the "Jackie Robinson Award" in honor of the first recipient (Robinson's Major League Rookie of the Year Award in 1947 encompassed both leagues). On April 15, 1997, Robinson's jersey number, 42, was retired throughout Major League Baseball, the first time any jersey number had been retired throughout one of the four major American sports leagues.

As an exception to the retired-number policy, MLB has recently begun honoring Robinson by allowing players to wear number 42 on April 15, Jackie Robinson Day. For the 60th anniversary of Robinson's major league debut, MLB invited players to wear the number 42 on Jackie Robinson Day in 2007. The gesture was originally the idea of outfielder Ken Griffey, Jr., who sought Rachel Robinson's permission to wear the number. After receiving her permission, Commissioner Bud Selig not only allowed Griffey to wear the number, but also extended an invitation to all major league teams to do the same. Ultimately, more than 200 players wore number 42, including the entire rosters of the Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Mets, Houston Astros, Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, Milwaukee Brewers, and Pittsburgh Pirates. The tribute was continued in 2008, when, during games on April 15, all members of the Mets, Cardinals, Washington Nationals, and Tampa Bay Rays wore Robinson's number 42. On June 25, 2008, MLB installed a new plaque for Robinson at the Baseball Hall of Fame commemorating his off-the-field impact on the game as well as his playing statistics. In 2009, all uniformed personnel (players, managers, coaches, and umpires) wore number 42 on April 15.

At the November 2006 groundbreaking for a new ballpark for the New York Mets, Citi Field, it was announced that the main entrance, modeled on the one in Brooklyn's old Ebbets Field, would be called the Jackie Robinson Rotunda. The rotunda was dedicated at the opening of Citi Field on April 16, 2009. It honors Robinson with large quotations spanning the inner curve of the facade and features a large freestanding statue of his number, 42, which has become an attraction in itself. Mets owner Fred Wilpon announced that, in conjunction with Citigroup and the Jackie Robinson Foundation, the Mets will create a Jackie Robinson Museum and Learning Center, located at the headquarters of the Jackie Robinson Foundation at One Hudson Square in lower Manhattan. The main purpose of the museum will be to fund scholarships for "young people who live by and embody Jackie's ideals."

Since 2004, the Aflac National High School Baseball Player of the Year has been presented the "Jackie Robinson Award".

Robinson has also been recognized outside of baseball. In December 1956, the NAACP recognized him with the Spingarn Medal, which it awards annually for the highest achievement by an African-American. President Ronald Reagan posthumously awarded Robinson the Presidential Medal of Freedom on March 26, 1984, and on March 2, 2005, President George W. Bush gave Robinson's widow the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award bestowed by Congress; Robinson was only the second baseball player to receive the award, after Roberto Clemente. On August 20, 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife, Maria Shriver, announced that Robinson was inducted into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts in Sacramento.

A number of buildings have been named in Robinson's honor. The UCLA Bruins baseball team plays in Jackie Robinson Stadium, which, because of the efforts of Jackie's brother Mack, features a memorial statue of Robinson by sculptor Richard H. Ellis. City Island Ballpark in Daytona Beach, Florida—the baseball field that became the Dodgers' de facto spring training site in 1947—was renamed Jackie Robinson Ballpark in 1989. A number of facilities at Pasadena City College (successor to PJC) are named in Robinson's honor, including Robinson Field, a football/soccer/track facility named jointly for Robinson and his brother Mack. The New York Public School system has named a middle school after Robinson, and Dorsey High School plays at a Los Angeles football stadium named after him. In 1976, his home in Brooklyn, the Jackie Robinson House, was declared a National Historic Landmark. Robinson also has an asteroid named after him, 4319 Jackierobinson. In 1997, the United States Mint issued a Jackie Robinson commemorative silver dollar, and five dollar gold coin. That same year, New York City renamed the Interboro Parkway in his honor.

In 2011, the U.S. placed a plaque at Robinson's Montreal home to honor the ending of segregation in baseball. The home is located at 8232 avenue de Gaspe south of rue de Guizot Est and near Jarry Park and close to Delorimier Stadium, where Robinson played for the Montreal Royals during 1946. In a letter read during the ceremony, Rachel Robinson, Jackie's widow, wrote: "I remember Montreal and that house very well and have always had warm feeling for that great city. Before Jack and I moved to Montreal, we had just been through some very rough treatment in the racially biased South during spring training in Florida. In the end, Montreal was the perfect place for him to get his start. We never had a threatening or unpleasant experience there. The people were so welcoming and saw Jack as a player and as a man."

Career statistics

YearTeamGABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOAVGOBPSLGTBSHSFIBBHBPGDPE
1945 Kansas City 47 163 36 63 14 4 5 23 13       .387                  
1946 Montreal 124 444 113 155 25 8 3 66 40   92 27 .349                 10
1947 Brooklyn 151 590 125 175 31 5 12 48 29   74 36 .297 .383 .427 252 28     9 5 16
1948 Brooklyn 147 574 108 170 38 8 12 85 22   57 37 .296 .367 .453 260 8     7 7 15
1949 Brooklyn 156 593 122 203 38 12 16 124 37   86 27 .342 .432 .528 313 17     8 22 16
1950 Brooklyn 144 518 99 170 39 4 14 81 12   80 24 .328 .423 .500 259 10     5 11 11
1951 Brooklyn 153 548 106 185 33 7 19 88 25 8 79 27 .338 .429 .527 289 6     9 10 7
1952 Brooklyn 149 510 104 157 17 3 19 75 24 7 106 40 .308 .440 .465 237 6     14 16 20
1953 Brooklyn 136 484 109 159 34 7 12 95 17 4 74 30 .329 .425 .502 243 9     7 12 6
1954 Brooklyn 124 386 62 120 22 4 15 59 7 3 63 20 .311 .413 .505 195 5 4a   7 13 7
1955 Brooklyn 105 317 51 81 6 2 8 36 12 3 61 18 .256 .378 .363 115 6 3 5b 3 8 10
1956 Brooklyn 117 357 61 98 15 2 10 43 12 5 60 32 .275 .382 .412 147 9 2 2 3 9 9
TotalsBrooklyn13824877947151827354137734197 740291.311.409.47423101049772113107
 Career155354941096173634267161867248   .316    97   

a The sacrifice fly (SF) as a unique statistical category did not exist in Major League Baseball from 1940 through 1953. Any pre-1954 sacrifice flies by Robinson would be reflected in the sacrifice hit (SH) category.

b Likewise, the intentional walk (IBB) category only became a unique statistic beginning in 1955. Any intentional walks issued to Robinson before that year would be reflected in the walk (BB) category.

 


          March 2010 Council Chronicle        

New! Read the March 2010 Council Chronicle online, with articles on

Teacher Advocacy

Inside NCTE Policy Work

2009 NCTE Presidential Address

Nancy Pearl: Uber Librarian

Preparing, Inducting, and Retaining English Language Arts Teachers (NCTE Policy Research Brief)

and more!


          2 Pemimpin yang Bijaksana dan Bertanggungjawab        


Mahmud Ahmadinejad atau bisa dibaca Ahmadinezhad adalah Presiden Iran yang keenam dan memperoleh 61.91% suara pemilih pada pilpres Iran tanggal 24 Juni 2005. Jabatan kepresidenannya dimulai pada 3 Agustus 2005. Ia pernah menjabat walikota Teheran dari 3 Mei 2003 hingga 28 Juni 2005 waktu ia terpilih sebagai presiden. Ia dikenal secara luas sebagai seorang tokoh konservatif yang sangat loyal terhadap nilai-nilai Revolusi Islam Iran, 1979.
Biografi
Lahir di daerah desa pertanian Aradan, dekat Garmsar, sekitar 120 kilometer arah tenggara Teheran pada pada 28 Oktober 1956. Dia merupakan anak keempat dari tujuh bersaudara, berasal dari keluarga Syiah. Orang tuanya,seorang Tukang Besi, Ahmad Saborjihan, memberi nama Mahmud Saborjihan saat lahir. Dia menggunakan nama tersebut hingga sebuah keputusan besar mendorong keluarganya untuk hijrah ke Teheran pada paruh kedua tahun 1950-an.
Di Teheran, ayahnya merubah namanya menjadi Mahmud Ahmadinejad sebagai isyarat religiusitas dan semangat mencari kehidupan yang lebih baik, karena Saborjihan dalam bahasa Parsi berarti pelukis karpet, pekerjaan yang jamak dilakukan di sentra karpet seperti Aradan, sedangkan Ahmadinejad berarti ras yang unggul, bijak dan paripurna.
Dia lulus dari Universitas Sains dan Teknologi Iran (IUST) dengan gelar doktor dalam bidang teknik dan perencanaan lalu lintas dan transportasi.
Pada tahun 1980, dia adalah ketua perwakilan IUST untuk perkumpulan mahasiswa, dan terlibat dalam pendirian Kantor untuk Pereratan Persatuan (daftar-e tahkim-e vahdat), organisasi mahasiswa yang berada di balik perebutan Kedubes Amerika Serikat yang mengakibatkan terjadinya krisis sandera Iran.
Pada masa Perang Iran-Irak, Ahmedinejad bergabung dengan Korps Pengawal Revolusi Islam pada tahun 1986. Dia terlibat dalam misi-misi di Kirkuk, Irak. Dia kemudian menjadi insinyur kepala pasukan keenam Korps dan kepala staf Korps di sebelah barat Iran. Setelah perang, dia bertugas sebagai wakil gubernur dan gubernur Maku dan Khoy, Penasehat Menteri Kebudayaan dan Ajaran Islam, dan gubernur provinsi Ardabil dari 1993 hingga Oktober 1997.

Kesederhanaan
Ahmadinejad merupakan pemimpin yang sangat sederhana. Pernah suatu ketika ia diwawancarai TV Fox (AS) soal kehidupan pribadinya. “Saat anda melihat di cermin setiap pagi, apa yang anda katakan pada diri anda?” Ia menjawab “Saya melihat orang di cermin itu dan mengatakan padanya: “Ingat, kau tak lebih dari seorang pelayan, hari di depanmu penuh dengan tanggung jawab yang berat, yaitu melayani bangsa Iran”. Sungguh pemimpin yang sangat rendah hati.

Saat pertama kali menduduki kantor kepresidenan, Ia menyumbangkan seluruh karpet Istana Iran yang sangat tinggi nilainya itu kepada masjid2 di Teheran dan menggantikannya dengan karpet biasa yang mudah dibersihkan.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad mengamati bahwa ada ruangan yang sangat besar untuk menerima dan menghormati tamu VIP, lalu ia memerintahkan untuk menutup ruang tersebut dan menanyakan pada protokoler untuk menggantinya dengan ruangan biasa dengan 2 kursi kayu, meski sederhana tetap terlihat impresive.
Di banyak kesempatan Mahmoud Ahmadinejad bercengkerama dengan petugas kebersihan di sekitar rumah dan kantor kepresidenannya.
Di bawah kepemimpinan Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, saat ia meminta menteri-menterinya untuk datang kepadanya dan menteri-menteri tersebut akan menerima sebuah dokumen yang ditandatangani yang berisikan arahan-arahan darinya, arahan tersebut terutama sekali menekankan para menteri-menterinya untuk tetap hidup sederhana dan disebutkan bahwa rekening pribadi maupun kerabat dekatnya akan diawasi, sehingga pada saat menteri-menteri tersebut berakhir masa jabatannya dapat meninggalkan kantornya dengan kepala tegak.
Langkah pertama Mahmoud Ahmadinejad adalah ia mengumumkan kekayaan dan propertinya yang terdiri dari Peugeot 504 tahun 1977, sebuah rumah sederhana warisan ayahnya 40 tahun yang lalu di sebuah daerah kumuh di Teheran. Rekening banknya bersaldo minimum, dan satu2nya uang masuk adalah uang gaji bulanannya. Gajinya sebagai dosen di sebuah universitas hanya senilai US$ 250.00.
Sebagai tambahan informasi, Presiden Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad masih tinggal di rumahnya. Hanya itulah yang dimiliki seorang presiden dari negara yang penting baik secara strategis, ekonomis, politis, belum lagi secara minyak dan pertahanan, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Bahkan ia tidak mengambil gajinya, alasannya adalah bahwa semua kesejahteraan adalah milik negara dan ia bertugas untuk menjaganya.

Satu hal yang membuat kagum staf kepresidenan adalah tas yg selalu dibawa Presiden Mahmoud Ahmadinejad tiap hari selalu berisikan sarapan; roti isi atau roti keju yang disiapkan istrinya dan memakannya dengan gembira, ia juga menghentikan kebiasaan menyediakan makanan yang dikhususkan untuk presiden.
Hal lain yang diubahnya adalah kebijakan tentang Pesawat Terbang Kepresidenan, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad mengubahnya menjadi pesawat kargo sehingga dapat menghemat pajak masyarakat sedangkan untuk dirinya, ia meminta terbang dengan pesawat terbang biasa dengan kelas ekonomi.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad kerap mengadakan rapat dengan menteri-menterinya untuk mendapatkan info tentang kegiatan dan efisiensi yang sudah dilakukan, dan ia memotong protokoler istana sehingga menteri-menterinya dapat masuk langsung ke ruangannya tanpa ada hambatan. Ia juga menghentikan kebiasaan upacara seperti karpet merah, sesi foto, atau publikasi pribadi, atau hal-hal seperti itu saat mengunjungi berbagai tempat di negaranya.

Saat harus menginap di hotel, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad meminta diberikan kamar tanpa tempat tidur yg tidak terlalu besar karena Mahmoud Ahmadinejad tidak suka tidur di atas kasur, tetapi lebih suka tidur di lantai beralaskan karpet dan selimut. Apakah perilaku tersebut merendahkan posisi presiden? Seorang Presiden Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, tidur di ruang tamu rumahnya sesudah lepas dari pengawal-pengawalnya yang selalu mengikuti kemanapun ia pergi.
Andai saja Indonesia memiliki pemimpin-pemimpin seperti beliau, tidak hanya Presiden, tapi juga semua perangkat pemerintahan, maka Indonesia pasti sudah menjadi negara yang maju. Mari kita berharap agar pemimpin kita bisa belajar dari beliau.

Belajar menghukum Koruptor bangsa ini harus berkaca kepada China. Ketika dilantik jadi Perdana Menteri China pada 1998, Zhu Rongji menyatakan, "Berikan saya 100 peti mati, 99 akan saya kirim untuk para koruptor. Satu buat saya sendiri jika saya pun melakukan hal itu."

Zhu tidak asal bicara. Cheng Kejie, pejabat tinggi Partai Komunis China, dihukum mati karena terlibat suap US$ 5 juta. Tanpa ampun. Permohonan banding Wakil Ketua Kongres Rakyat Nasional itu ditolak pengadilan.

Perdana Menteri Cina Zhu Rongji



Zhu di awal tugasnya mengirim peti mati kepada koleganya sendiri. Hu Chang-ging, Wakil Gubernur Provinsi Jiangxi, pun kebagian peti mati itu. Ia ditembak mati setelah terbukti menerima suap berupa mobil dan permata senilai Rp 5 miliar.


Xiao Hongbo dijatuhi hukuman mati,lelaki 37 tahun yang menjabat Deputi manajer cabang Bank Konstruksi China, salah satu bank milik negara, di Dacheng, Provinsi Sichuan, itu dihukum mati karena korupsi. Xiao telah merugikan bank sebesar 4 juta yuan atau sekitar Rp 3,9 miliar sejak 1998 hingga 2001. Uang itu digunakan untuk membiayai kehidupan delapan orang pacarnya.


Xiao Hongbo satu di antara lebih dari empat ribu orang di Cina yang telah dihukum mati sejak 2001 karena terbukti melakukan kejahatan, termasuk korupsi. Angka empat ribu itu, menurut Amnesti Internasional (AI), jauh lebih kecil dari fakta sesungguhnya. AI mengutuk cara-cara Cina itu, yang mereka sebut sebagai suatu yang mengerikan. Tapi, bagi Perdana Menteri Zhu Rongji inilah jalan menyelamatkan Cina dari kehancuran. Zhu tidak main-main. Cheng Kejie, pejabat tinggi Partai Komunis Cina, dihukum mati karena menerima suap lima juta dolar AS. Tidak ada tawar-menawar. Permohonan banding wakil ketua Kongres Rakyat Nasional itu ditolak pengadilan. Bahkan istrinya, Li Ping, yang membantu suaminya meminta uang suap, dihukum penjara.


Wakil Gubernur Provinsi Jiangxi, Hu Chang-ging, pun tak luput dari peti mati. Hu terbukti menerima suap berupa mobil dan permata senilai Rp 5 miliar. Ratusan bahkan mungkin ribuan peti mati telah terisi, tidak hanya oleh para pejabat korup, tapi juga pengusaha, bahkan wartawan. Selama empat bulan pada 2003 lalu, 33.761 polisi dipecat. Mereka dipecat tidak hanya karena menerima suap, tapi juga berjudi, mabuk-mabukan, membawa senjata di luar tugas, dan kualitas di bawah standar.


Agaknya Zhu Rongji paham betul pepatah Cina: bunuhlah seekor ayam untuk menakuti seribu ekor kera. Dan, sejak ayam-ayam dibunuh, kera-kera menjadi takut.


Kini pertumbuhan ekonomi Cina mencapai 9 persen per tahun dengan nilai pendapatan domestic bruto sebesar 1.000 dolar AS. Cadangan devisa mereka sudah mencapai 300 miliar dolar AS.
 
Sumber : http://semuana.blogspot.com/2011/02/inilah-2-sosok-pemimpin-yang-dibutuhkan.html

          sambungan materi kls xii ips        
5. Peristiwa Merah Putih di Manado
Peristiwa merah putih terjadi tanggal 14 februari 1946 di manado. Para pemuda
tergabung dalam pasukan KNIL kompeni VII bernama laskar rakyat dari barisan
pejuang melakukan perbutan kekuasaan pemerintahan di manado, tomohon, dan
minahasa. Pada tanggal 16 februari 1946 mereka mengeluarkan surat selebaran yang
menyatakan bahwa kekuasaan di seluruh manado telah berada di tangan bangsa
Indonesia.
Bendera merah putih dikibarkan diseluruh pelosok minahasa hampir selama satu
bulan yaitu sejak tanggal 14 februari 1946. Dr. sam ratulangi diangkat sebagai
gubernur sulawesi bertugas untuk memperjuangkan keamanan dan kedaulatan
rakyat sulawesi.
6. Pertempuran Margarana (20 november 1946)
Pada tanggal 2 dan 3 maret 1946, lebih kurang dari 2.000 tentara belanda
mendarat di pulau bali. Di ikuti oleh tokoh – tokoh bali yang pro terhadap
belanda.ketika belanda mendarat di pulau bali, pimpinan laskar bali, letnan colonel I
gusti ngurah rai, sedang menghadap ke markas tinggi TKR di yogyakarta
Ketika kembali dari yogyakarta, I gusti ngurah rai menemukan pasukannya
porak – poranda akibat serangan yang dilakukan oleh pasukan belanda. Setelah
berhasil menghimpun dan mempersatukan kembali pasukannya, pada tanggal 18
november 1946, ngurah rai bersama pasukannya melakukan serangan terhadap
markas belanda yang ada di kota tabanan.tanggal 20 november selalu diperingati
sebagai hari pahlawan, yaitu untuk memperingati pengorbanan para jasa pahlawan
tersebut.
          sambungan materi sejarah kls.XII IPS bab 3        
3. Pertempuran Medan Area
Pada tanggal 9 november 1945, pasukan sekutu dibawah pimpinan brigadir
jenderal T.E.D. Kelly mendarat di Sumatra utara yang diikuti oleh pasukan
NICA.selanjutnya mereka ditempatkan di binjai, tanjung lapangan. Sehari setelah
mendarat, tim RAPWI mendatangi kamp – kamp tawanan yang ada di medan atas
persetujuan Gubernur M.Hasan. kelompok itu langsung dibentuk menjadi Medan
Batalyon KNIL.
Pada tanggal 10 oktober 1945 dibentuk TKR sumatera Timur dengan
pimpinannya Achmad Tahir. Selanjutnya diadakan pemanggilan bekas giyugun dan
heiho ke sumatera timur. Disamping TKR, terbentuk juga badan – badan perjuangan
yang sejak tanggal 15 oktober 1945 menjadi pemuda republic Indonesia sumatera
timur dan kemudian berganti nama menjadi pesindo.
Sementara itu pada tanggal 18 oktober 1945, brigadier jenderal T.E.D Kelly
memberi ultimatum agar para pemuda medan menyerahkan senjatanya kepada
sekutu.pada tanggal 1 desember 1945, pihak sekutu – inggris memasang papan –
papan yang bertuliskan fixed boundaries medan area di daerah – daerah pinggiran
kota medan.dan pada taggal 10 agustus 1946, diselenggarakan suatu pertemuan di
tebing tinggi antara para komando pasukan yang berjuang di medan area.pertemuan
itu memutuskan dibentuknya satu komando yang bernama komando resimen lascar
rakyat medan area.
4. Bandung Lautan Api
Pasukan sekutu inggris kota bandung sejak pertengahan oktober 1945.
menjelang November 1945, pasukan NICA semakin merajalela di bandung dengan
aksi terornya.Untuk meredakan ketegangan diadakan perundingan dengan keputusan
diplomasi tanggal 25 november 1945, bandung kemudian di bagi menjadi dua
bagian.
Meskipun pihak Indonesia telah mengosongkan sejauh 11 km. hal itu
menyebabkan rakyat bandung marah. Mereka kemudian melakukan aksi
pertempuran dengan membumihanguskan segenap penjuru bandung selatan.
Bandung terbakar hebat dari batas timur cicadas sampai barat andir. Satu juta jiwa
penduduk mengungsi ke luar kota pada tanggal 23 dan 24 maret 1946 meninggalkan
bandung yang telah menjadi lautan api.
          Materi Sejarah sm.1 SMA XII IPS        

KEADAAN EKONOMI-KEUANGAN PADA AWAL KEMERDEKAAN


A.   FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENYEBAB MEMBURUKNYA KEADAAN EKONOMI DAN KEUANGAN DI INDONESIA PADA AWAL KEMERDEKAAN
Pada akhir pendudukan Jepang dan pada awal berdirinya Republik Indonesia keadaan ekonomi Indonesia sangat kacau. Hal ini disebabkan oleh hal-hal sebagai berikut :
1.    Inflasi yang sangat tinggi (Hiper-Inflasi).
Penyebab terjadinya inflasi ini adalah beredarnya mata uang pendudukan Jepang secara tak terkendali. Pada saat itu diperkirakan mata uang Jepang yang beredar di masyarakat sebesar 4 milyar. Dari jumlah tersebut, yang beredar di Jawa saja, diperkirakan sebesar 1,6 milyar. Jumlah itu kemudian bertambah ketika pasukan Sekutu berhasil menduduki beberapa kota besar di Indonesia dan meguasai bank-bank. Dari bank-bank itu Sekutu mengedarkan uang cadangan sebesar 2,3 milyar untuk keperluan operasi mereka. Kelompok masyarakat yang paling menderita akibat inflasi ini adalah petani. Hal itu disebabkan pada zaman pendudukan Jepang petani adalah produsen yang paling banyak menyimpan mata-uang Jepang.
Pemerintah Republik Indonesia yang baru berdiri, tidak dapat menghentikan peredaran mata uang Jepang tersebut, sebab negara RI belum memiliki mata-uang baru  sebagai penggantinya. Maka dari itu, untuk sementara waktu pemerintah RI menyatakan tiga mata uang yang berlaku di wilayah RI, yaitu :
a.    mata-uang De Javasche Bank;
b.    mata-uang pemerintah Hindia Belanda;
c.    mata-uang pendudukan Jepang.
Pada saat kesulitan ekonomi menghimpit bangsa Indonesia, tanggal 6 Maret 1946, Panglima AFNEI yang baru, Letnan Jenderal Sir Montagu Stopford mengumumkan berlakunya uang NICA di daerah-daerah yang diduduki Sekutu. Uang NICA ini dimaksudkan sebagai pengganti uang Jepang yang nilainya sudah sangat turun. Pemerintah melalui Perdana Menteri Syahrir memproses tindakan tersebut. Karena hal itu berarti pihak Sekutu telah melanggar persetujuan yang telah disepakati, yakni selama belum ada penyelesaian politik mengenai status Indonesia, tidak akan ada mata uang baru.
Oleh karena itulah pada bulan Oktober 1946 Pemerintah RI, juga melakukan hal yang sama yaitu mengeluarkan uang kertas baru yaitu Oeang Republik Indonesia (ORI) sebagai pengganti uang Jepang. Untuk melaksanakan koordinasi dalam pengurusan bidang ekonomi dan keuangan, pemerintah membentuk Bank Negara Indonesia pada tanggal 1 November 1946. Bank Negara ini semula adalah Yayasan Pusat Bank yang didirikan pada bulan Juli 1946 dan dipimpin oleh Margono Djojohadikusumo. Bank negara ini bertugas mengatur nilai tukar ORI dengan valuta asing.
2.    Adanya blokade ekonomi, oleh Belanda (NICA). Blokade laut ini dimulai pada bulan November 1945 ini, menutup pintu keluar-masuk perdagangan RI. Adapun alasan pemerintah Belanda melakukan blokade ini adalah :
a.    Untuk mencegah dimasukkannya senjata dan peralatan militer ke Indonesia;
b.    Mencegah dikeluarkannya hasil-hasil perkebunan milik Belanda dan milik asing lainnya;
c.    Melindungi bangsa Indonesia dari tindakan-tindakan yang dilakukan oleh orang bukan Indonesia.
Akibat dari blokade ini barang-barang dagangan milik pemerintah RI tidak dapat diekspor, sehingga banyak barang-barang ekspor yang dibumihanguskan. Selain itu Indonesia menjadi kekurangan barang-barang impor yang sangat dibutuhkan.
3. Kas negara kosong, pajak dan bea masuk sangat berkurang, sehingga pendapatan pemeritah semakin tidak sebanding dengan pengeluarannya. Penghasilan pemerintah hanya bergantung kepada produksi pertanian. Karena dukungan petani inilah pemerintah RI masih bertahan, sekali pun keadaan ekonomi sangat buruk.

B.   USAHA MENEMBUS BLOKADE EKONOMI
Usaha-usaha untuk menembus blokade ekonomi yang dilakukan oleh pihak Belanda dilaksanakan oleh pemerintah dengan berbagai cara, diantaranya sebagai berikut :
1.    Diplomasi Beras ke India
Usaha ini lebih bersifat politis daripada ekonomis. Ketika terdengar berita bahwa rakyat India sedang ditimpa bahaya kelaparan, pemerintah RI segera menyatakan kesediaannya untuk membantu pemerintah India dengan mengirimkan 500.000 ton beras, dengan harga sangat rendah. Pemerintah bersedia melakukan hal ini karena diperkirakan pada musim panen tahun 1946 akan diperoleh surplus sebesar 200.000 sampai 400.000 ton.
Sebagai imbalannya pemerintah India menjanjikan akan mengirimkan bahan pakaian yang sangat dibutuhkan oleh rakyat Indonesia. Keuntungan politik yang diperoleh oleh pemerintah RI adalah dalam forum internasional India adalah negara Asia yang paling aktif membantu perjuangan kemerdekaan RI.
2.    Mengadakan Hubungan Dagang Langsung ke Luar Negeri
Usaha untuk membuka hubungan langsung ke luar negeri, dilakukan oleh pihak pemerintah maupun pihak swasta. Diantara usaha-usaha tersebut adalah sebagai berikut :
a.    Mengadakan kontak hubungan dengan perusahaan swasta Amerika (Isbrantsen Inc.). Usaha ini dirintis oleh BTC (Banking and Trading Corporation), suatu badan perdagangan semi-pemerintah yang dipimpin oleh Dr. Sumitro Djojohadikusumo dan Dr. Ong Eng Die. Dalam transaksi pertama pihak Amerika Serikat bersedia membeli barang-barang ekspor dari Indonesia seperti gula, karet, teh, dan sebagainya. Kapal Isbrantsen Inc. yang masuk ke pelabuhan Cirebon adalah kapal Martin Behrmann yang mengangkut barang-barang pesanan RI dan akan memuat barang-barang ekspor dari RI. Akan tetapi kapal itu dicegat oleh kapal Angkatan Laut Belanda dan diseret ke pelabuhan Tanjung Priuk dan seluruh muatannya disita.
b.    Menembus blokade ekonomi Belanda di Sumatera dengan tujuan Singapura dan Malaysia. Oleh karena jarak perairan yang relatif dekat, maka usaha ini dilakukan dengan perahu layar dan kapal motor cepat. Usaha ini secara sistimatis dilakukan sejak tahun 1946 sampai dengan akhir masa Perang Kemerdekaan. Pelaksanaan penembusan blokade ini dilakukan oleh Angkatan Laut RI dengan dibantu oleh pemerintah daerah penghasil barang-barang ekspor.
Sejak awal tahun 1947 pemerintah RI membentuk perwakilan resmi di Singapura yang diberi nama Indonesia Office (Indoff). Secara resmi Indoff ini merupakan badan yang memperjuangkan kepentingan politik di luar negeri, namun secara rahasia juga berusaha menembus blokade dan usaha perdagangan barter.
Kementerian Pertahanan juga membentuk perwakilannya di luar negeri yang disebut Kementerian Pertahanan Usaha Luar Negeri (KPLULN) yang dipimpin oleh Ali Jayengprawiro. Tugas pokok badan ini adalah membeli senjata dan perlengkapan Angkatan Perang. Sebagai pelaksana upaya menembus blokade ini yang terkenal adalah John Lie, O.P. Koesno, Ibrahim Saleh dan Chris Tampenawas. Selama tahun 1946 pelabuhan di Sumatera hanya Belawan yang berhasil diduduki Belanda. Karena perairan di Sumatera sangatlah luas, maka pihak Belanda tidak mampu melakukan pengawasan secara ketat. Hasil-hasil dari Sumatera terutama karet yang berhasil diselundupkan ke luar negeri, utamanya ke Singapura, mencapai jumlah puluhan ribu ton. Selama tahun 1946 saja barang-barang yang diterima oleh Singapura dari Sumatera seharga Straits $ 20.000.000,-. Sedangkan yang berasal dari Jawa hanya Straits $ 1.000.000,-. Sebaliknya barang-barang yang dikirim ke Sumatera dari Singapura seharga Straits $ 3.000.000,- dan dari Singapura ke Jawa seharga Straits $ 2.000.000,-.
C.   USAHA-USAHA MENGATASI KESULITAN EKONOMI
Pada awal kemerdekaan masih belum sempat melakukan perbaikan ekonomi secara baik. Baru mulai Pebruari 1946, pemerintah mulai memprakarsai usaha untuk memecahkan masalah-masalah ekonomi yang mendesak. Upaya-upaya itu diantaranya sebagai berikut :
1. Pinjaman Nasional
Program Pinjaman Nasional ini dilaksanakan oleh Menteri Keuangan. lr. Surachman dengan persetujuan BP-KNIP. Pinjaman Nasional akan dibayar kembali selama jangka waktu 40 tahun. Besar pinjaman yang dilakukan pada bulan Juli 1946 sebesar Rp. 1.000.000.000,00. Pada tahun pertama berhasil dikumpulkan uang sejumlah Rp. 500.000.000,00. Sukses yang dicapai ini menunjukkan besarnya dukungan dan kepercayaan rakyat kepada Pemerintah RI.
2. Konferensi Ekonomi, Februari 1946
Konferensi ini dihadiri oleh para cendekiawan, para gubernur dan para pejabat lainnya yang bertanggungjawab langsung mengenai masalah ekonomi di Jawa. Konferensi ini dipimpin oleh Menteri Kemakmuran, Ir. Darmawan Mangunkusumo. Tujuan konferensi ini adalah untuk memperoleh kesepakatan yang bulat dalam menanggulangi masalah-masalah ekonomi yang mendesak, seperti :
a.    masalah produksi dan distribusi makanan
Dalam masalah produksi dan distribusi bahan makanan disepakati bahwa sistem autarki lokal sebagai kelanjutan dari sistem ekonomi perang Jepang, secara berangsur-angsur akan dihapuskan dan diganti dengan sistem desentralisasi.
b.    masalah sandang
Mengenai masalah sandang disepakati bahwa Badan Pengawasan Makanan Rakyat diganti dengan Badan Persediaan dan Pembagian Makanan (PPBM) yang dipimpin oleh dr. Sudarsono dan dibawah pengawasan Kementerian Kemakmuran. PPBM dapat dianggap sebagai awal dari terbentuknya Badan Urusan Logistik (Bulog).
c.    status dan administrasi perkebunan-perkebunan
Mengenai masalah penilaian kembali status dan administrasi perkebunan yang merupakan perusahaan vital bagi RI, konferensi ini menyumbangkan beberapa pokok pikiran. Pada masa Kabinet Sjahrir, persoalan status dan administrasi perkebunan ini dapat diselesaikan. Semua perkebunan dikuasai oleh negara dengan sistem sentralisasi di bawah pengawasan Kementerian Kemakmuran.
Konferensi Ekonomi kedua diadakan di Solo pada tanggal 6 Mei 1946. Konferensi kedua ini membahas masalah perekonomian yang lebih luas, seperti program ekonomi pemerintah, masalah keuangan negara, pengendalian harga, distribusi dan alokasi tenaga manusia. Dalam konferensi ini Wakil Presiden Drs. Moh. Hatta memberikan saran-saran yang berkaitan dengan masalah rehabilitasi pabrik gula. Hal ini disebabkan gula merupakan bahan ekspor yang penting, oleh karena itu pengusahaannya harus dikuasai oleh negara. Hasil ekspor ini diharapkan dapat dibelikan atau ditukar dengan barang-barang lainnya yang dibutuhkan RI.
Saran yang disampaikan oleh Wakil Presiden ini dapat direalisasikan pada tanggal 21 Mei 1946 dengan dibentuknya Badan Penyelenggara Perusahaan Gula Negara (BPPGN) berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah No. 3/1946. Peraturan tersebut disempurnakan melalui Peraturan Pemerintah No. 4 tahun 1946, tanggal 6 Juni 1946 mengenai pembentukan Perusahaan Perkebunan Negara (PPN).
3.    Pembentukan Planning Board (Badan Perancang Ekonomi) pada tanggal 19 Januari 1947
Pembentukan Badan ini atas inisiatif Menteri Kemakmuran, dr. A.K. Gani. Badan ini merupakan badan tetap yang bertugas membuat rencana pembangunan ekonomi untuk jangka waktu 2 sampai 3 tahun. Sesudah Badan Perancang ini bersidang, A.K. Gani mengumumkan Rencana Pembangunan Sepuluh Tahun. Untuk mendanai Rencana Pembangunan ini terbuka baik bagi pemodal dalam negeri maupun bagi pemodal asing. Untuk menampung dana pembangunan tersebut pemerintah akan membentuk Bank Pembangunan.
Pada bulan April 1947, Badan Perancang ini diperluas menjadi Panitia Pemikir Siasat Ekonomi yang dipimpin langsung oleh Wakil Presiden Moh. Hatta, sedangkan A.K. Gani sebagai wakilnya. Panitia ini bertugas mempelajari, mengumpulkan data dan memberikan saran kepada pemerintah dalam merencanakan pembangunan ekonomi dan dalam rangka melakukan perundingan dengan pihak Belanda.
Semua hasil pemikiran ini belum berhasil dilaksanakan dengan baik, karena situasi politik dan militer yang tidak memungkinkan. Agresi Militer Belanda mengakibatkan sebagian besar daerah RI yang memiliki potensi ekonomi baik, jatuh ke tangan Belanda. Wilayah RI tinggal beberapa keresidenan di Jawa dan Sumatera yang sebagian besar tergolong sebagai daerah minus dan berpenduduk padat. Pecahnya Pemberontakan PKI Madiun dan Agresi Militer Belanda II mengakibatkan kesulitan ekonomi semakin memuncak.

4.    Rekonstruksi dan Rasionalisasi Angkatan Perang (RERA) pada tahun 1948.
Program yang diprakarsai oleh Wakil Presiden Drs. Moh. Hatta ini, dimaksudkan untuk mengurangi beban negara dalam bidang ekonomi, disamping meningkatkan efesiensi. Rasionalisasi ini meliputi penyempurnaan administrasi negara, Angkatan Perang dan aparat ekonomi.  Sejumlah satuan Angkatan Perang dikurangi secara dratis. Selanjutnya tenaga-tenaga bekas Angkatan Perang ini disalurkan ke bidang-bidang produktif dan diurus oleh Kementerian Pembangunan dan Pemuda.
5.    Rencana Kasimo (Kasimo Plan)
Program ini disusun oleh Menteri Urusan Bahan Makanan I.J. Kasimo. Pada dasarnya program ini berupa Rencana Produksi Tiga Tahun, 1948-1950 mengenai usaha swasembada pangan dengan beberapa petunjuk pelaksanaan yang praktis. Untuk mningkatkan produksi bahan pangan dalam program ini, Kasimo menyarankan agar :
a.    menanami tanah-tanah kosong di Sumatera timur seluas 281.277 ha.;
b.    di Jawa dilakkan intensifikasi dengan menanam bibit unggul;
c.    pencegahan penyembelihan hewan-hewan yang berperan penting bagi produksi pangan;
d.    disetiap desa dibentuk kebun-kebun bibit;
e.    tranmigrasi.
6.    Persatuan Tenaga Ekonomi (PTE)
Organisasi yang  dipimpin B.R. Motik ini, bertujuan untuk menggiatkan kembali partisipasi pengusaha swasta. Dengan dibentuknya PTE juga diharapkan dapat dan melenyapkan individualisasi di kalangan organisasi pedagang sehingga dapat memperkokoh ketahanan ekonomi bangsa Indonesia. Pemerintah menganjurkan agar pemerintah daerah usaha-usaha yang dilakukan oleh PTE. Akan tetapi nampaknya PTE tidak dapat berjalan dengan baik. PTE hanya mampu mendirikan Bank PTE di Yogyakarta dengan modal awal Rp. 5.000.000. Kegiatan PTE semakin mundur akibat dari Agresi Militer Belanda.
Selain PTE perdagangan swasta lainnya yang juga membantu usaha ekonomi pemerintah adalah Banking and Trading Corporation (Perseroan Bank dan Perdagangan).
          CropVilage 0044 for March 7 2008        

CropVillage 0044 Show Notes:

  • Notes of caution on grain market over-exuberance
  • Economics of starter fertilizer in today's environment
  • Planter technology starring at Commodity Classic
  • Personal training for your personnel... a valuable perk

          Uber, Lyft Begin Trial Period in Ithaca        
The apps’ arrival comes a few days after the county legislature's Transportation Committee met to discuss the entry of such services.
          Entraînement 10km de Roanne        

Certains athlètes du groupe de Malleval vont réaliser une séance spécifique 10km ce dimanche ; pour ceux qui sont intéressés, veuillez vous adresser à Hervé Joubert.

45' + PPG + 12 à 15' de seuil (allure 5000m) + 3' souple + 6 à 8 x (1'/1') + 10/15' souple

Bonne séance.
Jérôme SAGNET



                  

La tradition perdure.

Depuis 12 ans déjà, du côté du COSEC un coureur est élu par ses pairs « athlète de l’année écoulée Â»  selon différents critères. Uwe Heise à l’origine de cette tradition et naturellement  maître de cérémonie a retracé l’esprit de ce traditionnel rendez-vous qui se veut avant tout convivial.

L’athlète de l’année 2016:
Sébastien CHAPUIS

L’on se creuse parfois la tête pour distinguer sans équivoque l’athlète de l’année écoulée. Sportivement la distinction de ce soir ne pouvait pas lui échapper.

Ses faits marquants :
32’33’’ sur 10km
1h12’04’’ sur semi
2h36’00’ sur son 1er marathon
Championnat de France de cross Au Mans
Championnat de France de 10km à Langueux

Le coup de cœur :
Florian CORNELOUP

Stoppé dans son élan durant plusieurs saisons pour raison médicale, il avait néanmoins gardé dans un coin de sa tête l’espoir de pouvoir recourir un jour. Son retour au sein du groupe est un plaisir partagé par nous tous. Il profite maintenant sans retenue de pouvoir pratiquer son sport favori. Sa progression saute aux yeux et nous lui souhaitons le meilleur pour les mois et les saisons à venir.


En préambule, André Gaubert et Gilles Rives avaient offert le verre de l’amitié à leurs compagnons d’entraînement à l’occasion de leur anniversaire. Ils sont nés tous les 2 le même jour mais peut-être pas la même année....

Pour ceux qui ont pu rester, c’était le moment de déguster les excellentes  galettes de Marc Mabboux  Â« La Framboisine « et de poser pour la photo souvenir.



Pierre

          Well: Early Puberty in Girls Raises the Risk of Depression        
Those who developed breasts younger than their peers had a higher risk of depression, a new study found.
          Creating Retina-ready Favicons        
A few months ago I decided to recreate this website’s favicon to support retina-caliber displays. I found this trickier to accomplish than I anticipated, mainly due to a dearth of good ICO-savvy icon creation tools. There’s certainly some black magic in making things look good on a retina screen. Gruber works it out for the rest of […]
          Post 'Pala de Montinier (2.590m.)'        
Autor: Javier y Martín, con fecha 14/07/2015 19:25

<b>21 de junio de 2015.</b><br><br>Cima solitaria y vistosa entre los valles de Tella y Pineta, tan contrastados, desde la que se alcanza a ver grandes cimas pirenaicas (Monte Perdido, La Munia, Punta Suelza, Posets,...) y cuencas de renombrados ibones (El Cao, Plan, La Munia, Marboré). Desde el otro lado del embalse se sigue unos metros el GR hacia el refugio de Pineta. En el primer giro a la derecha se abandona y se sigue la pista a la izquierda hasta los mojones (derecha) que marcan el inicio de la senda que hay que seguir hasta enlazar con el GR (la segunda vez que se encuentra la pista) que luego llega hasta el collado. Solamente después de cruzar la pista por primera vez y remontar unos metros por un pequeño barranquito para salir por la derecha la senda queda semioculta en una zona de bosque con maleza, pero si se insiste no es difícil encontrar rastros de senda y/o mojones. Desde el collado se faldea sin ganar mucha altura hasta una pedriza, momento a partir del cual hay que prestar atención para buscar la zona de ascenso a la cresta. Una protuberancia rocosa con una hendidura completamente vertical a su derecha puede servir de referencia. Bien por delante de esta o por detrás, ya metidos en la depresión que marca la sierra y que finaliza en el barranco de Consusa, se alcanza la cresta por terreno bastante incómodo en ambos casos. El resto es camino fácil por la cresta.<br><br><a href="http://es.wikiloc.com/wikiloc/view.do?id=10015451" class=enlace target=_new rel=nofollow>http://es.wikiloc.com/wikiloc/view.do?id=10015451</a> Ver post | Ver más blog
          Post 'Pala de Ip (2.777 m.) y La Moleta (2.581 m.)'        
Autor: Javier y Martín, con fecha 26/08/2014 17:05

<b>26 de julio de 2014.</b><br><br>Ascensión a la Pala de Ip en la divisoria entre los valles de Izas e Ip desde Coll de Ladrones (Canfranc). El pico cierra el circo de Ip por el Norte ofreciendo una panorámica detallada del mismo y un destacado mirador (similar a Collarada) sobre el Pirineo más Occidental: tresmiles del Valle de Tena, Midi, Anayet y montañas más relevantes de los Valles Occidentales. La ruta, circular, sigue el GR11 (la Pala de Ip destaca ya sobre los Campanales de Izas) hasta el desvío señalizado en un enorme bloque de roca por debajo de la Cascada Divina; asciende por zona de pastizales hasta el refugio de la vuelta de Iserías y el ibón de Iserías o de Samán; supera un contrafuerte (este) que baja de los Picos de la Tronquera y tras descender a un pequeño circo asciende hasta una marcada canal a la derecha de la Pala de Ip. Superada la canal se gana la cima por la arista. Regreso recorriendo toda la arista hasta el pico de La Moleta. Descenso hasta el inicio/fin del carretón y hasta Canfranc por el sendero de la tubería y el carretón, que zigzaguea entre la umbría del bosque sobre la Estación de Canfranc.<br><a href="http://es.wikiloc.com/wikiloc/view.do?id=7382667" class=enlace target=_new rel=nofollow>http://es.wikiloc.com/wikiloc/view.do?id=7382667</a> Ver post | Ver más blog
          Post 'Isla de Madeira'        
Autor: Javier y Martín, con fecha 21/07/2014 16:47

<b>Mayo de 2014.</b><br><br>Viajamos a la Isla de Madeira con el deseo de disfrutar de uno de sus principales atractivos, el senderismo. A pesar de la compleja orografía de la isla, la vasta red de levadas permite acceder sin dificultad a lugares recónditos y pintorescos, caminando entre abundante vegetación y llegando al fondo de profundos barrancos. El macizo central de la isla, de relieve más montañoso, ofrece un espectacular punto de contraste con el resto de la isla, y lo mismo ocurre con la Punta de San Lorenzo, en el extremo este de la isla, cubierta de una rala vegetación, desde la que puede disfrutarse con espléndidas vistas de la costa y de los impresionantes acantilados. Este es el conjunto de excursiones que escogimos entre todas las posibles:<br><br><b>1ª Jornada.</b> Caminho do Pináculo e Folhadal, en la zona de Encumeada, que acompaña las levadas de Serra y del Norte, con excelente vegetación, pequeñas cascadas, túneles y vistas sobre los valles de San Vicente, Ribeira Brava y Serra d’Agua.<br><br><b>2ª Jornada.</b> Vereda Encumeada-Pico Ruivo. Vereda que sorprende por la exultante vegetación de algunos tramos –se trata de la zona más alta de la isla-, con interminables tramos de escaleras y vistas abiertas a ambos lados hasta llegar al corazón de la isla. <br><br>Vereda Pico Ruivo-Pico Areeiro. Exigente ruta entre los picos más altos de la isla en un entorno de fascinante belleza con abismos y tramos de senda imposibles salvados por túneles excavados en la montaña.<br><br><b>3ª Jornada</b> (Curral das Freiras). Pico Grande. Ascenso desde Faja Escura en el valle de Curral das Freiras y retorno a la Encumeada por el Camino Real. Aunque no es el pico más alto de la isla ocupa una posición dominante con espectaculares vistas de la región montañosa central, Curral das Freiras y Encumeada.<br><br><b>4ª Jornada.</b> (Rabaçal) Levada das 25 Fontes e Risco. Sencillas caminatas para visitar dos de los lugares más populares de la isla. Protagonistas la vegetación –una vez más- y el agua y al término de las levadas las 25 Fontes, un rincón con tintes mágicos, paredes de roca de diversos colores cubierta de vegetación y "fuentes" de agua que se deslizan por diferentes puntos, y la cascada do Risco, que lejos de ser un salto espectacular parece formar, junto a la vegetación, parte de la roca.<br><br>Lagoa do Vento. Un sendero abrupto –no es una levada- permite acceder desde la Casa do Rabaçal (inicio de las levadas anteriores) hasta lo alto de la cascada do Risco, donde se encuentra esta pequeña laguna. Salida por la levada do Alecrim.<br><br><b>5ª Jornada.</b> (San Jorge) Levada do Rei. Recorrido sencillo hasta el nacimiento de la levada en Ribeiro Bonito, hábitat de la floresta laurisilva.<br><br><b>6ª Jornada.</b> (Queimadas) Levada do Caldeirao Verde / Caldeirao do Inferno. Un sendero de los más fascinantes, sino el que más, con agua y vegetación exuberantes, precipicios e interminables túneles. Caldeirao Verde, con su magnífica cascada, representa quizá como ningún otro sitio la singular belleza de la isla. Caldeirao do Inferno, es un lugar oscuro en el fondo de una estrecha garganta donde el color del agua y la vegetación se asemejan a los de una recóndita selva.<br><br>Península de San Lorenzo. Ver post | Ver más blog
          Post 'Garganta de Escuaín'        
Autor: Javier y Martín, con fecha 30/07/2012 16:56

<b>15 de julio de 2012.</b><br><br>Sin salir del valle de Puértolas, cambiamos del paisaje alpino y sobrío de Puntas Verdes al apacible y exuberante de la Garganta de Escuaín, profundoy estrecho corte apenas visible desde las alturas, refugio natural espectacularprotagonizado por el agua, la vegetación y verticales paredes de piedra. Saliendodel pueblo de Escuaín realizamos el itinerario Escuaín-Senda Colgada-Puente Gurrundué-Revilla por los Miradores-Escuaín (<a href="http://www.ordesa.net/sector-escuain" class=enlace target=_new rel=nofollow>http://www.ordesa.net/sector-escuain</a>), además de descender a la Fuente de Escuaín, una apoteosis de naturaleza que tenemos la fortuna de disfrutar ensoledad y silencio.<br><br><i>"¡Cuantas veces se desea escapar de la necia y obtusa charlataneria de los hombres y refugiarse en el aparente silencio de la naturaleza,... que hace enmudecer de tanta plenitud!" </i>(Doctor Zhivago. Borís Pasternak) Ver post | Ver más blog
          Post 'Cotiella (2.912m.)'        
Autor: Javier y Martín, con fecha 09/07/2012 17:43

<b>16 de junio de 2012.</b><br><br>Ascenso al Pico Cotiella por su cara Sur, la menos contrastada y más acontecida del macizo. Desde el collado de Collubert comienzan al unísono dos senderos. El de la izquierda se introduce en el barranco, el de la derecha sigue su curso separándose ligeramente por su margen izquierda dirigiéndose al fondo del mismo. Sin llegar la final abandonamos el sendero y remontamos la ladera en busca de la arista Sur del pico alcanzando el Trozuelo de Arriba. La visión de la cresta es desalentadora, árida y escarpada en toda su longitud. A partir del pico Yali, reconocemos el auténtico "territorio Cotiella", con un paisaje poco común, subdividido y poseedor de auténtica belleza, irresistible, lunar y desértica. Continuando por la cresta, Cotielleta, collado de Cotiella, La Colladeta y ascenso a la cima por la empinada loma Sur. Magnífico mirador hacia el Pirineo, pero sin duda lo mejor es el macizo en el que estamos inmersos: la cresta de Armeña, el propio Circo, la Ereta de las Brujas, el Entremón, ejercen ese poderoso atractivo. Regresamos completando una circunferencia por el circo Sur: descenso a La Colladeta, Pico de las Neis, Plana de Cotiella de Arriba y por la divisoria descenso sin sendero claro hasta el barranco de Los Neis y collado de Collubert (un mojón indica la entrada del sendero en el barranco justo por encima de la confluencia de los dos barrancos principales; enfrente y un poco más abajo sendos "pórticos" excavados por la erosión parecen soportar de forma natural la enorme erosión de la ladera del valle). Ver post | Ver más blog
          Post 'Isla de La Palma'        
Autor: Javier y Martín, con fecha 09/07/2012 17:40

<b>27 de mayo a 3 de junio de 2012.</b><br><br>Semana de trekking en la Isla de La Palma con seis jornadas de intensas caminatas. En tres de ellas, de modo alterno, completamos el GR131 (La Ruta del Bastón), que atraviesa la Isla desde Puerto de Tazacorte (aunque nosotros salimos del Mirador del Time) hasta el Faro de Fuencaliente: tres jornadas que abarcan el recorrido del cresterío de la Caldera de Taburiente y en dirección norte-sur la arista Cumbre Nueva-Cumbre Vieja. La primera etapa, asciende por el borde de la Caldera hasta el punto más alto de la isla, Roque de los Muchachos, con espectaculares vistas: el mar de nubes en cascada sobre Cumbre Nueva, miradores hacia el barranco de Las Angustias y el interior de la Caldera, el pico Bejenado, profundos barrancos y el espectacular paraje de Roque de Los Muchachos, en cuyas inmediaciones se encuentra el complejo del famoso observatorio internacional. La segunda transcurre por el borde de la Caldera hasta la Punta de los Roques y a partir de aquí por la línea divisoria en dirección Sur que incluye la arista de Cumbre Nueva. En la primera parte de nuevo vistas hacia el interior de la Caldera, con los impresionantes diques del interior. La tercera etapa coincide con la Ruta de los Volcanes: un novedoso y contrastado paisaje de cráteres, conos, campos de lava y cenizas, en los que los pinos se extienden tímidamente, y que tras una breve interrupción por zona de bosque y el pueblo de Los Canarios, alcanza el mar en la punta Sur, Faro de Fuencaliente, después del ascenso al volcán Teneguía de nuevo en medio de un paisaje plenamente volcánico.<br>De las otras tres jornadas dedicamos dos de ellas a recorrer el interior de la Caldera de Taburiente utilizando algunas de las rutas propuestas por el Parque Nacional. La primera, una de las opciones más populares, entrando en la caldera desde el mirador de los Brecitos y descendiendo por el barranco de Las Angustias, visitando numerosos lugares de interés: Cascada de la Desfondada, Hoyo Verde, Playa de Taburiente, Roque de Idafe, Barranco del Limonero, Cascada de Colores y Barranco de Las Angustias. La segunda, un poco más inusual, con ascenso al Pico Bejenado, descenso al Mirador de La Cumbrecita y recorrido por el interior de la Caldera, atravesando bosques de pinos y barrancos, hasta el Mirador de La Cancelita. En la última jornada realizamos una ruta por el norte de la isla descendiendo desde el parque de La Zarza (atravesando parajes poco poblados: Roque del Faro, El Tablado) hasta la costa de El Tablado (La Fajana, Barranco Fagundo), y ascendiendo por la Caldera del Agua, siguiendo el cauce del barranco en medio de un sombrío y exuberante bosque de laurisilva aunque falto de agua.<br>Intercaladas, dos jornadas de descanso, con visitas al Observatorio Astrofísico de Roque de los Muchachos (en concreto al Gran Telescopio Canarias), Laguna de Barlovento (por la pintoresca carretera que une Roque del Faro y Barlovento), bosque de Los Tilos, Santa Cruz de La Palma, Los Llanos de Aridane, Villa de Garafía, Charco Azul, Playa de Nogales, Puerto de Tazacorte, Charco Verde, El Remo, etc., completando así la visita a la Isla Bonita.<br> Ver post | Ver más blog
          Intégrateur DevOps H/F - Orange Cloud for Business - Boulogne-Billancourt        
Mission : Vous êtes intégré-e dans l'équipe Intégration/DevOps et vous travaillez en étroite collaboration avec les autres équipes (OpenStack, OpenContrail, BSS, Ops...) Vous êtes responsable d'une factory et de son infrastructure associée. Activités : Vous maintenez l'infrastructure (Jenkins, Docker, Kubernetes, Vault, Consul, Chef) et vous êtes responsable de la Qualité de Services de cette dernière. A ce titre, vous assumez les montées de versions et accompagnez les autres...
          Marc und anja Schaub, Schweiz        
Gesamtwertung: 10     Lage: 8     Service: 10     Preis / Leistung: 10     Verpflegung: 10     Zimmer: 8     (Gesamtnote : 10 )
Urlaubsabschluss
Wir, eine vierköpfige Familie, haben unseren Urlaubs-Abschluss im New Hotel Bompard verbracht. Zwei Nächte in angenehmen, sauberen Zimmern. Alles vorhanden und sehr ruhig! Die Sanitären Einrichtungen ...

          PEGADINHAS INÉDITAS - #JOÃO KLÉBER SHOW - COM A PARTICIPAÇÃO DE TONINHO TORNADO        

▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩۞۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
▓▓▓▒▒▒░░░ LEIA A DESCRIÇÃO DO VÍDEO ░░░▒▒▒▓▓▓
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩۞۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ .............................................................................................................................-Toninho Tornado Na Participação Em Mais Uma Série De Três Pegadinhas Muito Engraçadas e Divertidas e ao Mesmo Tempo Assustadoras No João Kléber Show,Grande Humorista Revelação e Também Grande Elenco Como o Humorista Netto Tomaz,Rogério Entre Outros...Vamos Ver Vale a Pena Conferir!! ... 1º Jovem Perde o Pai e Deixa Cuidadora Desesperada! .. 2º Vai Trabalhara Em Funerária e Leva o Maior Susto .. 3º Folgados Pedem Informação e Deixam As Pessoas Em Desespero.

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ REDES SOCIAIS

• Meu Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Jefferson2012Silva

• Meu Skype : Jefferson Antonelli Silva

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ IMPORTANTE

• Site : http://www.divulgatube.com/

• Vídeo : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5Sv4XaJ5QA

• Playlist : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzxmX55ZfIA&list=PLqXeDZiBfQVOSMpdxFQQINU1BdG5o3tio

• Acompanhe : https://www.youtube.com/user/Jefferson2012Silva

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ PROGRAMAS USADOS :

• Gravação : Action 1.18.0.0 , Bandicam , ShadowPlay Nvidia

• Edição : Sony Vegas Pro 13

• Áudio : Gravador De Voz Windows 10

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ CANAIS PARCEIROS :

• ( T4M3X - A CASA DO YOUTUBER! ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClBZP0PPBIynMlNbMKhHZvw

• ( Nenzinho Gameplays ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCM_un6SH-nOoan7knXMFyw

• ( Tato Músicando a vida ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClW0v8e1S5JhEa8np46t2VQ

• ( Frog Floor ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/user/FrogFloor

• ( Marciel Tutors ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJmlYeqVyvDS8HKVQVDvIXw

• ( Sebby ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJRoZrTjoWs9amACACw1CzQ

• ( Lanac killer ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXFaeiuS2d9P5dAnCuUyQ6A

• ( Mente Vazia ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIf4TyXEQbZkWqaCg7YeRmg

• ( Taemi & Paola ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC-kc_XppbiThyguQPQGEsDw

• ( Kanekinho Monstro ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChXhaRqT5efhcgfZzFot1PQ

• ( R1nooPlays ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEjRuCXFQIQb9Z3DF3DgekQ

• ( JehBRx _ ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCK35GHXcY7E1qaN_DUgTwQ
          PEGADINHAS COM TONINHO TORNADO - JÚAREZ E NETTO        

▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩۞۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
▓▓▓▒▒▒░░░ LEIA A DESCRIÇÃO DO VÍDEO ░░░▒▒▒▓▓▓
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩۞۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ .............................................................................................................................-Toninho Tornado Em Três Pegadinhas Inéditas No João Kléber Show Muito Engraçadas,Vale a Pena Conferir Esse Grande Humorista...Vamos Ver!! ... 1º É Melhor Sair Andando,"Parça"! .. 2º Olho No Lance! .. 3º Essa é Pra Pular! .. 4º Método Infalível Para Ganhar Massa!

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ REDES SOCIAIS

• Meu Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Jefferson2012Silva

• Meu Skype : Jefferson Antonelli Silva

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ IMPORTANTE

• Site : http://www.divulgatube.com/

• Vídeo : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5Sv4XaJ5QA

• Playlist : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzxmX55ZfIA&list=PLqXeDZiBfQVOSMpdxFQQINU1BdG5o3tio

• Acompanhe : https://www.youtube.com/user/Jefferson2012Silva

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ PROGRAMAS USADOS :

• Gravação : Action 1.18.0.0 , Bandicam , ShadowPlay Nvidia

• Edição : Sony Vegas Pro 13

• Áudio : Gravador De Voz Windows 10

----------------------------------------­­­­­­­­­­­­­­------------------

♦ CANAIS PARCEIROS :

• ( T4M3X - A CASA DO YOUTUBER! ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClBZP0PPBIynMlNbMKhHZvw

• ( Nenzinho Gameplays ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCM_un6SH-nOoan7knXMFyw

• ( Tato Músicando a vida ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClW0v8e1S5JhEa8np46t2VQ

• ( Frog Floor ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/user/FrogFloor

• ( Marciel Tutors ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJmlYeqVyvDS8HKVQVDvIXw

• ( Sebby ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJRoZrTjoWs9amACACw1CzQ

• ( Lanac killer ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXFaeiuS2d9P5dAnCuUyQ6A

• ( Mente Vazia ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIf4TyXEQbZkWqaCg7YeRmg

• ( Taemi & Paola ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC-kc_XppbiThyguQPQGEsDw

• ( Kanekinho Monstro ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChXhaRqT5efhcgfZzFot1PQ

• ( R1nooPlays ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEjRuCXFQIQb9Z3DF3DgekQ

• ( JehBRx _ ) Link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCK35GHXcY7E1qaN_DUgTwQ
          note to self        


ok, so the farm thing was not a good idea...note to self: lonely middle-aged german women running farms = unnecessary drama
cool digs, though - eh?

my mother gave me a book a few years ago by parker palmer - let your life speak - in it, palmer drops mad science about how to live well, but my favorite piece of advice for when encountering tough situations is: "if you can´t get out of it, get into it".

this has been mantra time for me (traveling always is) and these recent days have been the only recent time that i have reminded myself of palmer´s words and used the escape hatch. ha! when someone projects victimhood vibes onto you and starts yelling at you for not sharing the load (in the capacity that maybe a co-owner of a farm might), and in conversation they vascillate between manic exuberance and grief, then it is time to go. even if the sun is setting and you don´t know where you are headed - just that anywhere is better than here.

so, as i pack my bags i remind myself of napoleon´s advice to his soldiers, "On s´engage et puis on voit" (jump in and then figure it out). i leave a note for the woman encouraging her to sell her overrun farm and get into community, clean my area, say a prayer of thanks and blessing, hulk the flybar over shoulder and head for the highway. first dude i see: road construction worker

"disculpe, senor...ustedes van a amposta ( name of the nearest town)?"
" no, pero vamos a tortossa."
" ok, esta bien si mevoy con ustedes?"
"si. no problema...esperate por alli (wait over there - near a construction shed)."

boom. ride secured. three moroccan homies cranking out an immigrant living in the unrelenting spanish heat, concrete dust in their ears, hair, and encrusted around their mouths. it´s 8:00 pm, their hands calloused but hearts softened, and they welcome me into their car. they take me back the way i had hitchhiked three days earlier and dropped me off near a river. i am on my last 20 euros. i remind myself that i did everything i could have to make peace with pyscho farm woman and that there is no guilt available for me to own, and i walk into town to get some ice cream. it tastes damn good. costs 2 euro - i need the remaining 18 for food (8) and travel(10) over the next two days. i meet 8 or so high schoolers who want to see me jump on the flybar. salta! salta! salta! they love it... i help them do it, and then watch this - the give me 10 euro. what? "no, es gratis!", i say. they wouldn´t have it - a truck load of more friends pulls up and we are all jumping, laughing and they want to give me this gift of money for my travels. que amable. how kind.


heart full of wonder, i head to nearest pub to watch germany v. italy and drink a celebratory beer in honor of my country´s independence from england (july 4th) and as well, for my independence from the creeping illusion of comfort and security at the farm - which was beginning to break the rhthym of trust that i had going. after the first half i go for a walk and find a different place to watch the game. better vibe, young people, families, "regulars". upon entering, i receive weird looks (customary when carrying around flybar, or perhaps b/c i kind of look like charles manson right now) - and then, "hey! hey! de donde eres tu?" i retort back my original coordinates, and this spunky, fit, overly- bronzed russian woman invites me to sit down with her husband and 8 others gathered around the table. it´s noisy, the game is blaring, plates of food being passed back n´forth. these people have known each other a long time.

after answering a barrage of questions i begin to ascertain that these folks are all neighbors and that it is one of their birthdays. a huge plate of potatoes, onions and the leg of some animal are generously slopped down in front of me. "eat! eat!" i am floored with surprise. an hour ago i was pinching pennies and now i´m eating a free meal with a table full of loud, beautiful russian immigrants and their neighbors. it gets better...

i was planning on sleeping in the local park and then making my way south in the morning. change of plans. this is why: nathalie explains to me that her neighbor, igor, needs to call australia in the morning for business, but cannot speak or understand english. " you stay at his house tonight and help him in the morning! ok?" i laugh. accept. throw back another shot of birthday vodka for igor.


italy wins in overtime, we shut the place down with the owners (who began drinking with us), jump on the flybar outside, and then head home to igor´s house on foot. i get into a conversation about franco (spain´s former fascist dictator), el che, and fidel with a kind-eyed spainard and we all say our two-kiss farewells. igor´s wife is over the top. she insists on taking all of my clothes and washing them (even the clean ones), shows me the shower and then makes a bed for me on their couch. that is where i´ll leave you, b/c that is where i am.

faith. hope. love. -donnie
          Deepening Customer Relationships with Contextual Content        

Guest post by Rebecca Lieb and Jaimy Szymanski, Content: The Atomic Particle of Marketing In the “phygital” world that marries our physical and digital presences, content is ubiquitous. Only by offering content through the lens of context can marketers achieve relevancy to today’s uber-connected consumer. Beacons, sensors and the Internet of Things (IoT) are moving marketing past the screen to the objects, places, and even the conditions (weather, holidays, sales) we occupy and experience in the real world. Contextual marketing...

The post Deepening Customer Relationships with Contextual Content appeared first on Brian Solis.


          Menggunakan peluncuran iGaming New Jersey        
ABADIPOKER.COM SITUS AGEN POKER DOMINO CAPSA DAN ADUQ ONLINE TERPERCAYA INDONESIA- The Pennsylvania House Gaming Komite Pemantau menyetujui RUU yang memiliki potensi untuk melegalkan dan mengatur online poker di negara bagian. Pemain poker Alliance, kelompok akar rumput berjuang untuk memungkinkan online poker hukum di Amerika Serikat, mengatakan bahwa panitia sebagai 18-8 mendukung RUU, HB 649, yang sekarang pindah ke sebuah rumah suara penuh. Langkah selanjutnya sebelum musyawarah oleh Gubernur Tom Wolf dipertimbangkan oleh Senat.

Editor Catatan: Salah satu situs poker yang paling sah dan populer untuk uang riil dan tersedia untuk semua 50 negara adalah Betonline (diverifikasi sponsor utama) Kepala Pemain poker Alliance, John Pappas mengatakan tentang kemajuan yang dibuat oleh HB 649 di Komite Pemantau Gaming: "Dengan berlalunya HB 649, Gedung Gaming Komite Pemantau telah membuktikan komitmen mereka untuk memberikan warga Pennsylvania dengan aman dan diatur tempat untuk bermain poker online dalam perbatasan mereka sendiri.

Abadipoker "PPA berkat Ketua John Payne dan Komite untuk kepemimpinan mereka," katanya. "Sekarang RUU ini perlu menjadi hukum. Keselamatan konsumen dan kesehatan fiskal Pennsylvania akan jauh lebih baik bila game internet tepat berlisensi, diatur dan dikenakan pajak. Ini merupakan harapan kami bahwa undang-undang akan diberlakukan sendiri atau sebagai bagian dari negara 2016 anggaran pada akhir tahun ini. " Pennsylvania sangat membutuhkan penghasilan tambahan untuk memenuhi defisit anggaran, dan anggota parlemen ingin menghindari memasang pajak di semua biaya.

Di sinilah pendapatan dari lisensi online poker dan perpajakan bisa datang dan membantu negara mengisi nya $ 2000000000 defisit. Anggaran sekitar 130 hari terakhir haknya. Pennsylvania batu bata dan mortir kasino sebagian besar mendukung pengenalan perjudian online. HB 649 baru-baru ini diperbarui untuk memungkinkan mesin game di panti taruhan off-track dan bandara. Setelah HB 649 melewati rumah komite suara, perjudian dan ekspansi game undang-undang hybrid secara online tampaknya memiliki tembakan yang nyata di menjadi undang-undang. Jika akan melewati legislatif - atau ketika - keduanya tetap pertanyaan terbuka. RUU itu "diletakkan di atas meja" dari negara House on 24.

November Bisa menjadi bagian dari paket pendapatan dalam anggaran negosiasi yang sedang berlangsung di Pennsylvania, menaruhnya di jalur cepat yang mungkin untuk tahun ini. Tentu saja, sementara ada tanda-tanda positif untuk perjanjian anggaran antara anggota parlemen Republik dan Demokrat Gubernur Tom Wolf, kebuntuan telah berlangsung selama berbulan-bulan. Mencoba untuk cacat apa yang akan terjadi dengan anggaran sulit di terbaik. Itu juga mungkin itu akan diadakan dari paket anggaran seluruhnya dan akhirnya dianggap pada kemampuannya sendiri, yang berarti timeline bisa didorong ke 2016.

  SEHATPOKER.COM AGEN POKER TERPERCAYA DAN AGEN POKER TERBAIK DENGAN UANG ASLI DI INDONESIA Jadi, peraturan game online bisa di mana saja dari bulan sampai beberapa bulan jauh dari yang berlalu, jika sama sekali. Jika rintangan yang dibersihkan, apa timeline terlihat seperti? Pejabat pemerintah apa yang dikatakan tentang poker waktu secara online Jika dan ketika tagihan menjadi hukum, yang memicu intrik yang perlu dilakukan bagi negara untuk bangun dan berjalan untuk online poker dan judi, yang membutuhkan lebih banyak daripada hanya mengatakan "itu sekarang hukum." Sebuah cerita di Trib Tinggal menyentuh pada subjek, menempatkan waktu enam bulan di atas meja, di take sangat optimis pada waktu potensial.

Namun, lebih dari setengah tahun tampaknya seperti jangka waktu yang lebih realistis. Dari cerita: "juru bicara Dewan Kontrol Permainan Doug Harbach mengatakan badan tersebut memperkirakan akan membutuhkan sembilan bulan dari bagian hukum." Satu hal yang mungkin akan mempercepat proses, saat mulai, adalah bahwa banyak kasino di Pennsylvania telah setuju untuk kemitraan dengan perusahaan yang akan menyediakan platform online, yang berarti peraturan sekali lisensi yang bekerja keluar, lisensi kemungkinan akan diterapkan untuk segera. Apa yang terjadi saat New Jersey meluncurkan online poker dan judi? Menggunakan peluncuran iGaming New Jersey sebagai comp bisa memberikan wawasan terbaik bagaimana online poker panjang dan perjudian mungkin mengambil untuk memulai di Pennsylvania.

 Gubernur sehatpoker Chris Christie menandatangani RUU game online ke dalam hukum pada bulan Februari 2013. New Jersey sepenuhnya diluncurkan game online pada bulan November 2013. Itu akan membuat jangka waktu sembilan bulan untuk PA tampaknya sepenuhnya dicapai. Para pejabat di PA juga telah mengatakan mereka tidak memiliki keinginan untuk menemukan kembali roda, dan akan terlihat model New Jersey dalam melaksanakan game online. Intinya untuk jangka waktu satu Dalam mengambil bullish pada timeline, game online bisa menjadi operasional pada musim panas 2016, meskipun yang muncul sangat tidak mungkin.

Yang akan membutuhkan tagihan akan berlalu dan terbakar oleh gubernur dalam beberapa minggu mendatang, dan itu akan membutuhkan waktu tercepat mungkin enam bulan untuk melaksanakan.Perlindungan Asuransi Kesehatan Dengan Unit Link Commonwealth Life Dalam rentang tengah adalah gugur atau musim dingin 2016, jika tagihan lewat di urutan agak pendek dan jangka waktu sembilan bulan bekerja keluar seperti pejabat game percaya. Ada juga kesempatan yang sangat nyata game online dan poker tidak akan memulai sampai 2017, jika undang-undang akan mengangkat dan / atau pelaksanaan membutuhkan satu tahun. Garis bawah? Jika semuanya berjalan dengan baik, online poker diatur di Pennsylvania bisa menjadi hal yang nyata pada saat ini tahun depan. Tapi itu jauh dari diberi.
          Summer's here!!!        
G'morning! Summer is here, school is out & it's time to take weekly visits to cemeteries... I've been out & about to 3 cemeteries... plan on more.  I think it's very important to teach my children the importance of taking care of graves & how to respect them. 

I remember trips to cemeteries in the summer with my Grammy Vincent. She would tell me stories about our family. Things like "My uncles lived there," pointing to a empty piece of land... "... and after they died me & my girlfriends used it as a playhouse until one day your grandpa & some of his friends scared us and filled the kitchen table with dead birds!"
She goes on to tell me about her uncles...
"Uncle Stub & Uncle Steven were farmers.  They have always lived together.  Uncle Stub was, well something was wrong with him, he looked like someone had smash his head down into his body, he was slow mentally.  But he was so sweet to us kids.  They died within days of each other, I remember going to the funeral, they had died from tuberculous or something that was going around at that time."

Clayborn "Stub" Palmer

I then did some research...

Stephen Lewis and Clayborn Lester were 6th & 9th son of Syrenous Palmer & Terissa A. Chase.

Stephen was born on 7 Sept 1878 in Michigan or Ohio.  I find him in 1880 in Duplain, Clinton County, MI with his parents.  Clayborn was born 8 September 1885 in Brant, Saginaw County, MI.  I find both Sephen & Clayborn in 1900 & 1910 in Brant, Saginaw County, MI with their parents.  They lived together in 1920 in Brant, Saginaw County, MI.

Stephen died on 11 April 1931 in Brant of Pneumonia (not really tuberculous but my grandma was 9 at the time of their death).  Clayborn died on 13 April 1931 in Brant of Pneumonia, only 2 days after Stephen died.

Both are buried in Brant Cemetery in Saginaw County, Michigan.

Clayborn & Stephen's Grave Stone in Brant Cemetery.

          Genealogy Gaps...        
Recently a friend asked me to "teach" her how to find her ancestors... my advice was to "start with yourself, your parents, your grandparents, their siblings, their cousins... then you can dig deeper." With that advice I realized that I have some major gaps in my more recent genealogy.


This photo of the girls by the old car is my grandma Lash with her siblings & cousins. I realize I have lots of empty spots under their names. I have filled out my grandma's information but not her sisters or cousins. It was taken at my great grandmother Elizabeth Webster's funeral, so it was in July 1921. Right to left I will place what I do know about each child in the photo.

Maxine M. Mohney (in the dirty looking dress, I think she is like me, I'm sure she was all clean & as soon as possible she got in the dirt... yep that's how I was LOL!) She was born in 1916 in Michigan. She was the 3rd daughter of Nora Delle Webster & James Clarence Mohney. I found her in the 1930's Census living with her sister Ruth & Ruth's husband Clarence Cook in Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo County, MI. And in Ruth's obituary in 1999 Maxine had already passed.

Alice J. Webster (in black dress with white colar - also photo to the right with Edith) born February 24, 1908 in Lawton, Van Buren County, MI oldest child to Bert Alvin Webster & Elizabeth Ann Tyrrell. I found her in the 1920 Census with her parents in Genesee County, MI. The first marriage record I found of her was to Frank J. Glimos, but she had already been married to a Mr. Flintoff - but I can not find any record of her first husband. She married Frank Glimos on July 26, 1947 in Genesee County, MI. He died in 1962 in Saginaw, Saginaw County, MI. Alice died March 1, 1977 in Genesee County, MI. She is buried in Grace Lawn Cemetery, Flint, Genesee County, MI (same cemetery as her parents). Alice & my grandmother Edith were very close & spent a lot of time together.



Ruth Carol Mohney (white'sh dress with the baby in front of her - mother Ruth Ann was named after her; the photo to the right is Ruth) was born December 3, 1909 in Lawton, Van Buren County, MI. The oldest child & daughter of Nora Delle Webster & James Clarence Mohney. First record I found of her was with her husband Clarence Cook in the 1930 Census in Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo County, MI. Clarence & Ruth must have divorced, since he died in 1968 & she married Jack C. Haas in 1938 in Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo County, MI. Ruth died on March 26, 1999 at the Lifecare Center in Plainwell, Allegan County, MI, her funeral was held on March 28, 1999 at the Rupert, Durham, Marshall & Gren Funeral Home Vicksburg Chapel in Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, MI. Ruth was buried at the Oak Grove Cemetery in Lawton, Van Buren County, MI (as well as her 2nd husband Jack.)


Rosetta "Betty" Webster (the baby in front of Ruth; she is the little girl to the right) born 5 months before her mother Elizabeth died on February 13, 1921 in Lawton, Van Buren County, MI. Youngest child/daughter to Bert Alvin Webster & Elizabeth Ann Tyrrell. She moved in with her Aunt Nora after her mother died. Betty died on September 24, 1929 in Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo County, MI of Primary Lobar Pneumonia (Aka: Tuberculous). I haven't found where she is buried, but I am assuming Kalamazoo or Flint. I would love to find out more about her, but since she only lived 8 years, it's harder.






Edith Irene Webster (in black sailer type outfit; this is my grandma Lash) she was born August 31, 1914 in Lawton, Van Buren County, MI. She is the second child/daughter of Bert Alvin Webster & Elizabeth Ann Tyrrell. She married Ray (Roy) Lash on December 31, 1936 at the Mt. Morris Methodist Church in Mt. Morris, Genesee County, MI. They had 12 children, and lived in Flint, Genesee County, MI until they moved to Chesaning, Saginaw County, MI in 1960's. She lived in Chesaning until the time of her death on June 21, 2007, where she passed away at her home surrounded by loved ones. She is buried in Wildwood Cemetery in Chesaning, Saginaw County, MI next to her beloved husband Ray. I have many memories of my grandma. She told me that she loved hummingbirds because her mother loved them, that Elizabeth (called Lizzie) had a vine outside her kitchen window so the hummingbirds would come. Edith also loved butterflies because her mother thought they were beautiful.

The last child is Lurena W. Webster (she is looking down) she was born on August 14, 1919 most likely in Lawton, Van Buren County, MI (haven't found the record, grandma told me the birthdates of her sisters). She was the 3rd child/daughter of Bert Alvin Webster & Elizabeth Ann Tyrrell. She married a Mr. Papple (can't find any record of this yet), but when she married her 2nd husband Howard B. Welch on June 14, 1945 in Genesee County, MI she was Lurena Papple. Howard died in 1955 in Genesee County, MI & is buried in Gracelawn Cemetery in Flint, Genesee County, MI. Lurena later married Harry Quinn on September 22, 1984 in Genesee County, MI. Lurena was named after her mother's sister Lurena Tyrrell & also my grandmother named one of her daughter's Lurena. Lurena died January 19, 1996 in Genesee County, MI and is buried in Gracelawn Cemetery.



The following photo is of Bert & his 3 grown up daughters sometime in the early 1960's, from left to right is Lurena, Bert, Edith & Alice.


          The Power of Fertility in Inanna Literature and Today        
Fertility has been on my mind lately. Not because I want another kid (ever!), but instead because of some lucky confluence of issues in my professional and personal lives. At the same time that I am preparing to teach a collection of myths surrounding Inanna, a Mesopotamian goddess of fertility, in my Honors humanities course in the fall, my daughter (now eight) has decided to educate herself on what will happen to her as she goes through puberty (a process that, experts say, begins for girls in the contemporary US between the ages of eight and 12). In a move surely representative of some sort of developmental milestone, Taegan apparently plucked American Girls’ The Care and Keeping of You: The Body Book for Girls off her shelf one day last week (it’s been there for at least a year) and started flipping through the pages. Minding my own business in another room, I was only alerted to the situation when she then bombarded me with a barrage of questions borne, I am certain, out of a mixture of fascination and horror at the diagrams and frank information presented in the book. Once I figured out what was happening, I made a point of stopping what I was doing and, as all of the childrearing advice books suggest that parents do, answered Taegan’s questions to the best of my knowledge. This was hard for many reasons, not least of all because I could really use a refresher course on female anatomy terms and functions myself (honestly, could you explain the female reproductive cycle off of the top of your head?). But the real stumper was a question fairly unrelated to anatomy: “So, if girls have to go through all of this so that we can have the babies, why don’t we get more respect? Why has there never been a girl president?”

Well, first of all, this is a super question, and I’m proud my little girl for thinking this way (one point for feminism!). Secondly, the answer is kind of counterintuitive. In fact, in a lot of ways, it is precisely because we have the babies that we are still not considered ideal for high-level political leadership. There is still a wide-spread assumption that our capability for nurturing life prevents us from making tough political decisions. And, perhaps more significantly, great measures have been taken over the course of history to contain female fertility, as it has been constructed (by a white, male patriarchal power structure) over time as posing some sort of threat to humanity, civilization, order, etc.

But I am learning that it has not always been this way! As my recent reading has shown, Inanna was revered for her duality of “feminine” and “masculine” traits. Inanna was the most prominent and lasting Mesopotamian goddess, not only of fertility, but also of sexual love and combat; she was worshiped for her ability to make babies and to make war. In a Sumerian hymn to Inanna entitled “Loud Thundering Storm” (ca. 2,000 BCE) for instance, the goddess is portrayed as simultaneously a sustaining life-force (“. . . you pour your rain over the lands and all the people”) and a destroyer of life (“You trample the disobedient like a wild bull . . .”) (Wolkstein 95). Inanna’s power is in her ability to nurture and to kill. And, in our contemporary world, wouldn’t this make her a great president? ;)

Within the context of a fertility cult like that of Inanna, it makes perfect sense that a god or goddess would be both loving and terrible. This is because the god or goddess represents the earth (or “Nature”) itself, the source of all food and shelter and human life, but also the cause of destruction on mass scale, due to flooding, drought, tornadoes, hurricanes, cold, heat, etc. If the earth is the model for god, then of course god is terrifying and unpredictable. This basic ideology, that the divine is both nurturing and destructive, carries over into most major world religions exactly because, at their core, all religions are fertility cults in that they function to explain the dual nature of the earth that both sustains and kills us.

Now, because we are all of the earth (and/or of god, if you prefer), I believe that we are all of dual natures, just like the earth, Inanna, Yahweh, God, etc. We are all capable of nurturing life; we are all capable of battle. The early Mesopotamians seemed to understand this, that fertility was not the purview of only women and that fighting was not the purview of only men. Gods were worshiped for their powers of fertility just as goddesses were; goddesses were worshiped for their powers of destruction just as gods were.

Over time, though, it seems that the Mesopotamians abandoned many of their fertility goddesses and placed more and more faith in their phallic gods. Indeed, Inanna is exceptional in that she lived on as a prominent fertility goddess—as Ishtar in the Semitic languages—until the end of the Ancient Mesopotamian era. Interestingly, though, along the way, Inanna/Ishtar develops in the literature into a castrating matriarch, a man-eater, not unlike the vagina flower in Pink Floyd’s The Wall (see my discussion of this little gem here). In the Babylonian The Epic of Gilgamesh (ca. 600 BCE), Gilgamesh declines Ishtar’s advances because of her long history of wounding and maiming her lovers. By way of refusal, he lists and explains Ishtar’s male conquests:

There was Tammuz, the lover of your youth, for him you decreed wailing, year after year. You loved the many-coloured roller, but still you struck and broke his wing . . . . You have loved the lion tremendous in strength: seven pits you dug for him, and seven. . . . You have loved the shepherd of the flock; he made meal-cake for you day after day, he killed kids for your sake. You struck and turned him into a wolf; now his own herd-boys chase him away, how own hounds worry his flanks. (Matthews 6)

Somewhere along the line, it seems, Innana/Ishtar’s sexuality, once celebrated as a representation of fertile lands and people, became threatening, perhaps especially to male kings like Gilgamesh. From a symbol of the life-giving and destructive powers of the earth, Inanna was therefore turned into an emasculating bitch.

These later Mesopotamian religions are not alone. Many religious traditions depict female sexuality as threatening instead of—as with the early fertility cults—as life-sustaining. Paula Kirby makes this point explicit in her recent post at The Washington Post:

The truth is that the Abrahamic religions fear women and therefore go to extraordinary and sometimes brutal lengths to control them, constrain them, and repress them in every way. Show me a non-religious society that feels so threatened by the thought of female sexuality that it will slice off the clitoris of a young girl to ensure she can never experience sexual pleasure. Show me a non-religious society that feels the need to cloak women from head to toe and force them to experience the outside world through a slit of a few square inches. All three Abrahamic religions share the myth of Adam and Eve, the myth that it was through woman that evil was let loose in the world. They share the heritage of Leviticus, which declared a menstruating woman unclean, to be set aside, untouched, a revulsion that remains even today among some orthodox Jews, who will refuse to shake a woman’s hand for fear she may be menstruating. What kind of lunacy is this? It is the lunacy of a Bronze Age mindset fossilized by the reactionary forces of religion.

Hmmm. So, now we don’t have “girl presidents.” It seems to me that it is perhaps time to reclaim our female right to leadership on the basis of our immense powers of fertility, sexuality, and, yes, even battle. We do have the babies, as Taegan says, which makes us literal embodiments of bounty, regeneration, and violence (see my description of the childbirth process here). Just like men, we are strong and powerful in our life-giving abilities and also weak in the face of an earth that is still so often unpredictable and terrifying. What we may even have over men is that we have not been socialized to deny our weaknesses and to engage in physical combat to protect our interests, but instead to acknowledge our very human shortcomings and work through battles with communication, empathy, and—and here’s that “feminine” word again—nurturance.

Note: I’m also working on putting together a presentation for my Humanities class on the development and meaning of fertility cults. I’d be happy to share my speech notes that will go along with the presentation.

Works Cited

Matthews, Roy T. and F. Dewitt Platt. Readings in the Western Humanities. Vol. 1. 3rd ed. London: Mayfield Publishing Company, 1998.

Wolkstein, Diane and Samuel Noah Kramer. Inanna: Queen of Heaven and Earth. New York: Harper & Row, 1983.
          Terminology and Meanings of Early Illnesses        
This was posted on a email listing I belong to. I thought it was really interesting and really helpful, so I thought I would share it with you all. I don't know who created it or who to give credit for it to, so if anyone knows let me know.
___________________________________________
Ablepsy - Blindness
Ague - Malarial fever
American plague - Yellow fever
Anasarca - Generalized massive edema
Aphonia - Laryngitis
Aphtha - Infant disease "thrush"
Apoplexy - Paralysis due to stroke
Asphicsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
Asphycsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
Atrophy - Wasting away or diminishing in size
Bad blood - Syphilis
Bilious fever - Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis
Biliousness - Jaundice associated with liver disease
Black plague - Bubonic plague
Black fever - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate
Black pox - Black small pox
Black vomit - Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
Blackwater fever - Dark urine associated with high temperature
Bladder in throat - Diphtheria (seen on death certificates)
Blood poisoning - Bacterial infection; septicemia
Bloody flux - Bloody stools
Bloody sweat - Sweating sickness
Bone shave - Sciatica
Brain fever - Meningitis
Breakbone - Dengue fever
Bright's disease - Chronic disease of kidneys
Bronze John - Yellow fever
Bule - Boil, tumor or swelling
Cachexy - Malnutrition
Cacogastric - Upset stomach
Cacospysy - Irregular pulse
Caduceus - Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy
Camp fever - Typhus; aka camp diarrhea
Canine madness - Rabies; hydrophobia
Canker - Ulceration of mouth or lips; or herpes simplex
Catalepsy - Seizures/trances
Catarrhal - Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
Cerebritis - Inflammation of cerebrum; or lead poisoning
Chilblain - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold
Child bed fever - Infection following birth of a child
Chin cough - Whooping cough
Chlorosis - Iron deficiency anemia
Cholera - Acute, severe, contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Cholera morbus - Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc.; could also be appendicitis
Cholecystitus - Inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholelithiasis - Gall stones
Chorea - Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing
Cold plague - Ague which is characterized by chills
Colic - Abdominal pain and cramping
Congestive chills - Malaria
Consumption - Tuberculosis
Congestion - Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
Congestive chills - Malaria with diarrhea
Congestive fever - Malaria
Corruption - Infection
Coryza - A cold
Costiveness - Constipation
Cramp colic - Appendicitis
Crop sickness - Overextended stomach
Croup - Laryngitis, diphtheria or strep throat
Cyanosis - Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
Cynanche - Diseases of throat
Cystitis - Inflammation of the bladder
Day fever - Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness
Debility - Lack of movement or staying in bed
Decrepitude - Feebleness due to old age
Delirium tremens - Hallucinations due to alcoholism
Dengue - Infectious fever endemic to East Africa
Dentition - Cutting of teeth
Deplumation - Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss
Diary fever - A fever that lasts more than one day
Diptheria - Contagious disease of the throat
Distemper - Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat and anorexia
Dock fever - Yellow fever
Dropsy - Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease