G4NP Around the Globe - Zooming in on Action Against Hunger        

Every dollar and minute count to further your cause and focus on your mission. We’re pleased to highlight nonprofits who were able to make greater impact with fewer resources by using Google tools—from G Suite to Google Ad Grants–made available through Google for Nonprofits (G4NP) at no charge.

Varying in size, scope, and timezones, these nonprofits from around the world share one thing in common: utilizing the G4NP suite of tools to help their specific needs. G4NP offers nonprofit organizations across 50 countries access to Google tools like Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Ad Grants and more at no cost. This week, we’ll take a look at how the nonprofit Action Against Hunger utilizes these tools to increase productivity, visibility, and donations,  in order to improve lives in  the communities they serve.

Action Against Hunger

In 2016 alone, Action Against Hunger provided nourishment to over 1.5 million starving children(1). In order to save lives with nutritional programs, Action Against Hunger looked to Google for aid—not for food, but for technology. Action Against Hunger now utilizes five Google technologies that have drastically improved their ability to save lives around the globe.

Raising Awareness with Google Ad Grants & Analytics

For major international emergencies, like the Ebola outbreak or the South Sudan famine, Action Against Hunger needs a way to inform people and recommend ways to get involved. With Ad Grants, the nonprofit activates targeted keywords relating to the crises to drive people to their page and empower them to take action. Google Analytics then allows them to track their effectiveness and adjust accordingly to increase engagement and improve their fundraising techniques. With this data-driven strategy and the tools’ ability to optimize campaigns, Action Against Hunger has nearly doubled funding year-over-year. In fact, Ad Grants brought 158,000 people to their website in the past year alone, raising $66,000 which is equal to treating 1,466 hungry children.

Ad Grants brought 158,000 people to their website in the past year alone, raising $66,000 which is equal to treating 1,466 hungry children.

Increasing Productivity with G Suite

When working with a global network and managing hundreds of programs abroad, collaboration and communication are key. After experiencing unnecessary latencies in their operations, Action Against Hunger has since adopted G Suite which streamlined their workflow. The nonprofit is especially fond of Gmail, Hangouts, and Drive where Action Against Hunger employees can message each other quickly, share files securely, and collaborate on Docs in real-time—avoiding duplication of efforts and saving time.

Fundraising with One Today & YouTube

To drive donations and expand awareness to broad audiences, Action Against Hunger uses One Today, a Google app that allows users to easily donate $1 or more towards causes they care about. Campaigning on One Today on World Food Day in 2016,  Action Against Hunger raised more than $1,200 in support of their cause with each dollar going directly helping those in need. Additionally, Action Against Hunger creates and shares content on YouTube to reach their global audience, and is  beginning to use the YouTube donation cards to further increase donations. The large exposure and website referrals from both YouTube and Google+ helped Action Against Hunger raise over $20,000.

Using Google products Action Against Hunger gained extra time and energy to focus on what really matters: feeding the hungry.

To read more about Action Against Hunger’s story and learn how they used Google tools so effectively, visit our Google for Nonprofits Community Stories page. Stay tuned in the coming weeks for more inspirational stories about nonprofits using technology to help their cause.

To see if your nonprofit is eligible to participate, review the Google for Nonprofits eligibility guidelines. Google for Nonprofits offers organizations like yours free access to Google tools like Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Google Ad Grants, YouTube for Nonprofits and more. These tools can help you reach new donors and volunteers, work more efficiently, and tell your nonprofit’s story. Learn more and enroll here.

Footnote:  Statements are provided by Nonprofits that received products as part of the Google for Nonprofits program, which offers products at no charge to qualified nonprofits.



          Unlocking G Suite for Nonprofits: Improve internal workflow and communication        

Whether you have a team of five or 500 a seamless, collaborative workflow is critical in the digital age. Our goal is to make sure that your nonprofit is able to focus on changing the world by using technology to save time -- not waste it. In the digital age though, information sharing can often be complex; your team might not work in the same office, or even the same timezone. Some team members might be in an office with computer access, while others are in the field on mobile devices. Who from your team should be able to access confidential documents?

This brings us to a key question: How do you empower team members to work together towards a common goal, and use technology to enable it?

Great question. We’d like to introduce you to G Suite - (formerly  Google Apps for Work ). G Suite aims to help teams work together in real-time -- no matter where they are in the world.

Today, we’re spotlighting a few nonprofits to share how their teams  are using Google tools and apps to improve workflow and internal communication.

Mercy Beyond Borders - Internal Communication with Sheets & Sites

Mercy Beyond Borders (MBB) is a U.S. nonprofit that aims to forge opportunities for women and girls in extreme poverty to learn, connect, and lead. Utilizing a small office in the U.S. as home base, MBB targets rural areas in Haiti and South Sudan. In both of these areas, cultural norms and poverty prohibit full participation of women. In fact, these areas offer minimal education and opportunities for employment, which often  impedes the development of leadership skills or positions. Mercy Beyond Borders focuses its programs on providing trainings, scholarships, leadership camps, and business loans for women.

To achieve their mission, Mercy Beyond Borders faces the challenge of balancing US-based operations with field work in remote areas like South Sudan and Haiti. Their nonprofit partners range from large organizations to local schools to individuals. So how does Mercy Beyond Borders ensure that all staff, vendors, and partners stay connected and working together in sync?
MBB-trained nurse in South-Sudan village
MBB-trained nurse in South Sudan village. Photo credit: Mercy Beyond Borders

Mercy Beyond Border began using G Suite to streamline its workflow, connecting their team across the globe. Using G Suite, MBB’s team is able to access, share, and collaborate together in real-time. Take a glimpse into how they do it:

  • Track Finances: MBB manages their overseas program budget expenditures in Google Sheets. Using this tool, the domestic office tracks monthly vendor payments in Haiti. This enables the staff to wire more money as needed in order to ensure program success. Additionally, using Sheets enables the team to provide transparency in the organization, clarifying spending and creating a simple overview of total annual expenses. This standardized and collaborative approach to data enables better efficiency and communication between domestic and international offices.

  • Store images: Mercy Beyond Borders regularly takes photos in the field to keep the domestic office up to date on progress and communicate stories to their donors. The team overseas is able to upload the pictures to Google Drive, which allows them to share or retrieve the images at any time.

  • Share Information: It’s imperative that MBB shares frequent updates with the Board of Directors, highlighting current developments, areas for growth, and new opportunities. To keep the Board of Directors apprised of progress, the team created a MBB Board website with Google Sites as a way to provide updates outside of meetings. The site functions as a central hub, where the Board can find all relevant information and resources at their discretion. The website is organized in subsections including internal updates from the Executive Director, background articles on country conditions and descriptions of new partnerships. To take it one step further, MBB also added a comment section for board members to engage in open communication.

“It [G Suite] helps to better connect, engage, and keep Board members up-to-date in between meetings, or  if they are unable to make a meeting (in which case they can view the Meeting Archives page),” said Adrienne Perez.


MyFace - Increasing productivity and improving internal workflow by remote access

Established in 1951, MyFace was founded to address the medical, surgical and psychological needs of those living with facial deformities. The organization offers access to care and treatments --- regardless of the severity of the anomaly, the length of treatment, or the family’s ability to afford care. In America alone, 1 in 650 children is born with an facial cleft. Every year, MyFace helps more than 1,000 patients seek treatment. Of this population, 85% are children, 70% live in poverty, and 95% require long-term care. The costs involved in this are high and verges on insurmountable for low income families. With this in mind, MyFace ensures that all children receive highest quality interdisciplinary and comprehensive reconstructive care by doctors who provide their services pro bono.

As a small nonprofit (their staff of eight including their therapy dog, Bentley), employees are required to perform a variety of different tasks. On any given day, team members might be responsible for website design, grant proposal writing, and marketing strategy. And oftentimes, what one employee starts today is  picked up by another employee tomorrow. Because it’s often all-hands-on-deck, collaboration is particularly key for MyFace.

Our mission of changing faces and transforming lives can be fulfilled with the help of technology from G4NP Carolyn Spector Executive Director MyFace

To address their challenge, MyFace began using Google Drive to centrally store, access, and share information from anywhere at anytime. Drive helped decrease the amount of time that MyFace spends on administrative tasks, like sending documents back and forth or working with out-of-date data or information. Drive’s tools like Docs and Sheets enable the team to collaborate both in and out of office.

MyFace also deals with an overwhelming amount of data and information. The team needs this data to not only be easy to store, retrieve, and share — it needs to be secure, since it contains confidential and personal patient information. G Suite offers that as well, ensuring that all information is kept private and secure. (Want to know more about G Suite security and how safe they really are? Read more about it here).

“Our mission of changing faces and transforming lives can be fulfilled with the help of technology from G4NP because it offers invaluable resources to nonprofits of any size at no cost,” stated Carolyn Spector, Executive Director of MyFace.

MyFace Staff photo
MyFace team. Photo credit: MyFace

Having global teams of different sizes with varying access to technology can make timely communication difficult, if not impossible. While nonprofits like Mercy Beyond Borders and myFace strive to accomplish unique missions, both organizations are passionate about changing the world. And about using the right technology to help. Utilizing tools like G Suite has been key for nonprofits like these in order to improve internal workflow and communications. For Mercy and my Face, making information shared, up-to-date, and secure has been crucial for navigating the Technology Age.

Interested in learning more about the tools available to your nonprofit? Check out our website to see how G4NP can help your nonprofit with real-time, up-to-date communication and data sharing.

//

To see if your nonprofit is eligible to participate, review the Google for Nonprofits eligibility guidelines. Google for Nonprofits offers organizations like yours free access to Google tools like Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Google Ad Grants, YouTube for Nonprofits and more. These tools can help you reach new donors and volunteers, work more efficiently, and tell your nonprofit’s story. Learn more and enroll here.

Footnote:  Statements are provided by Nonprofits that received free products as part of the Google for Nonprofits program, which offers free products to qualified nonprofits.


          Basar, bingo och loddtrekning...        

Ja sÃ¥ var ventetiden endelig over! Etter 3 pinefulle, endeløse, langdrøye uker i smigerens tegn kan Blomsterstjerne-kikkerne nÃ¥ velfortjent lene seg tilbake i godstolen uten Ã¥ mÃ¥tte veie hvert bidige ord og hver eneste handling opp mot Blomsterstjernens noe innfløkte loddsankingsregler... Dere er FRI!!! Dere er i MÅL! Gratulerer!

Noen vil gjerne si at det kanskje gikk litt pÃ¥ galleien med denne loddbasaren etterhvert? Det kunne kanskje virke som om loddsankingkriteriene ble mer og mer utflytende..? Ja det virket nesten som om nye regler poppet opp i takt med lesernes økende freidighet?!? Joda... Men sÃ¥nn skal det ogsÃ¥ være i Blomsterstjerneland! Alt er lov, ingenting er forbudt!

Her ser vi Miss-Mette og Elisabeth Innerst i veien (til høyre) sette inn nådestøtet!
Noen freske smiskepoeng smyges inn under bordet...
Det skulle lønne seg.

Etterhvert dukket det opp bÃ¥de hemmelige omregnede svenskepoeng, imponerende mimrepoeng, frekke blunkepoeng, sleipe dobbelvenn-poeng, selvpinende planespotterbonus og ikke minst todoble klumpepoeng... Folk gikk amok! Folk overgikk hverandre! Folk gjorde alt de kunne for Ã¥ hanke inn flest mulig lodd! Postkassen rant over av nakenbilder, skitne truser og skitne triks! Loddskalaen ble sprengt i fillebiter! Hele 57 loddbøker ble fylt til randen av loddtakere! Stakkars materialforvalteren...

Blomsterstjernen hadde et svare strev med å telle alle loddpoengene!
Langt bedre gikk det da Fjordlykke, Millie Moi og Mathildes Eden stakk innom for å "hjelpe" (dvs smiske...)
Loddpoengene rant inn hos den høykorrupte materialforvalteren....

En ting er Ã¥ annonsere loddtrekning, en helt annen ting er Ã¥ gjennomføre den, pÃ¥ rettferdig vis!!! For hvordan skulle man egentlig kunne vekte loddkjøperne riktig? Hvordan skulle man klare Ã¥ gjøre forskjell pÃ¥ dem som kjøpte 3 usle lodd og dem som forbrøt seg til hele 17 lodd?!? Hvordan skulle man fÃ¥ trekningen til Ã¥ gÃ¥ matematisk riktig for seg?!?


Her ser vi de proppfulle loddbøkene til Maria fra Idekroken og Shy B (fra høyre til venstre)

For som alle sikkert vet er jo en hver bloggkonkurranse juks fra ende til annen? Bloggeieren gir i 999 millioner av 1 milliard tilfeller enkelt og greit give-awayen til den deltakeren som bor nærmest sitt eget hus, slik at man elegant slipper unna de fæle 9,50 i porto. Det eksisterer ALDRI noen reell trekning... Dessverre...

Stemningsrapport fra loddsanking, Avdeling Sør.
Hver fredag kl 9:00 samles de 100 mest ihuga Blomsterstjerneleserne hjemme hos November Symra (mormor)
Her ser vi husholdersken og Hverdagsglede i fint driv nedover siste langside mens de teller opp lodd.


Men heldigvis finnes det en og annen hederlig person der ute i verden... Og Blomsterstjernen er en av dem, av og til... En  notorisk sporadisk gentleman..? Han slÃ¥r til nÃ¥r man minst aner det! Og i dag er en slik dag! Han ønsker Ã¥ la rettferdigheten seire! Han bryr seg ikke om vinneren sitter i Tsjernobyl eller Sudan! De er like mye verdt og fortjener like sjanser...



Det var bare en ørliten utfordring... Hvilket instrument skulle han benytte seg av til trekkingen? Hva ville gi mest rettferdig resultat? Trekkbasun? Trekkspill? Trekkfugler? Dynetrekk? Gjennomtrekk? HjortetrÃ¥kk? Versaillestraktaten? Kaffetrakter? Kaffetraktor? Kiropraktor? Kiruna? Malm? Narvik? Tyskere? Tysk hÃ¥rgele med kokos & ananas smak???


Blomsterstjernen gikk i harnisk da det gikk opp for ham at hele 289 basardeltagere ikke hadde kjøpt lodd!!!
En skandale!!! Minuspoengene florerte til de 289 skamfulle leserne!

Blomsterstjernen var sagtens rådvill! Han snekret derfor like godt opp et excel-program som kunne gjøre trekkingen for ham! Nå var det bare til å trykke på en knapp, og vips ville programmet plukke ut de hederlige vinnerne helt på egenhånd, naturlig vektet opp mot sine prosentuelle vinnersjanser! Blomsterstjernen selv kunne lene seg godt tilbake i det bobleskumfylte badekaret mens han nøt det hele på god avstand.

Et ulykkeshjul?

Det interessante med rettferdig trekning er at det ofte er svært urettferdig... For er man uheldig og konkurrerer mot såkalte heldiggriser eller lykketroll med sterke vinneregenskaper sliter man. I teorien kan vi jo ende opp med at en og samme person vinner samtlige premier!?!

Hagealven Lunalu med 2 av sine magiske lodd...

Vinnersjansene reduseres jo ikke om man allerede har vunnet 1 gang. Det er jo ikke tilfeldig at det er de samme tussaladdene som vinner i lotto hver bidige uke... Jaja, de om det! Trøsten er at man ikke blir lykkelig av premier..?

Nei, la oss få det hele overstått!

La oss trekke VINNERNE!!!
"Excel Excel åpn deg opp!!!"
All makt er i dine hender...



Aller siste utgave av Excel ble brukt til loddtrekningen

VINNERNE ER...
  • BOLIGDRØM ABONNEMENT 1: Ranten
  • BOLIGDRØM ABONNEMENT 2: Anne Berit
  • ARMBÅND 1: Elisabeth - Innerst i veien
  • ARMBÅND 2: Hagealven
  • ARMBÅND 3: Miss-Mette
  • HAPPYLIGHTS: Millie Moi
  • SOMMERFUGLSTIKLING 1: Hagealven
  • SOMMERFUGLSTIKLING 2: Hagealven
  • HJEMMELAGDE RIDDERSPOREFRØ: Drømmeriet

Honen mann!!! Hva i all verden!?! Det er det verste jeg har sett... Her har det tydeligvis sneket seg med en skikkelig "Heldigper" i gavedrysset... Hagealven Lunalu ble trukket ut hele tre (3) ganger!!! For en heldiggris! For en vinnerevne! For en vinnerlykke! For en urettferdighet...

Ikke alle var like heldige med loddtrekningen...
Her ser vi Tigertina og KlumpeSissel dobbelsjekke kupongen
Om og om igjen, til liten nytte...

Hadde kanskje Hagealven innledet et hemmelig forhold med Mr. Excel?!?! Hadde hun blunket seg elegant forbi alle de andre konkurrentene? Men hadde hun strengt tatt bruk for 2 sommerfuglbusker? Neppe...

Blomsterstjernen er derfor sÃ¥ freidig at han tillater seg Ã¥ kjøre en liten omtrekking av den ene sommerfuglbusken (om enn ikke bokstavelig talt). Det var nemlig 3 gavedryssdeltagere som i sin kommentar virkelig ønsket seg et eksemplar av disse bevingete stiklingene; Anita, Tigertina og Villrose. SÃ¥ la det stÃ¥ mellom dem!

Igjen gir vi ordet til Mr. Excel. Sim sala bim & Load Error:

Den omtrukne sommerfuglbusken går til VILLROSE!

En overlykkelig Villrose etter den noe uventede seieren i ekstratrekningen

Ja så sjofel kan verden være! Ihvertfall når en Commodore 64 styrer verden...

De heldige vinnerne bes opplyse sin adresse på mail til: blomsterstjernen★yahoo.no
(Helt riktig... stjernen skal byttes ut med en alfakrussedull)




Nei nå må jeg stikke! Jeg har gaver som må pakkes inn...
Gratulerer alle mine vinnere og tapere!

Kräm frän,




P.S. Da det var et sÃ¥nt voldsomt ramaskrik blant bloggleserne da det ble klart at det IKKE var fruktkurv i førstepremie har jeg bestemt at vi skal gjøre alt som stÃ¥r i vÃ¥r makt for Ã¥ ordne opp i dette til neste bursdag...

P.P.S Det er selvsagt ALT for moderne for dere andre Ã¥ benytte excel ved loddtrekning nÃ¥r dere selv en vakker dag skal kjøre gavedryss.... PÃ¥ vedlagte link finner dere et knippe hendige maskiner jeg vil anbefale pÃ¥ det varmeste... http://www.ringen.no/trekkesystemer.84358.no.html




          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          In My Mailbox July 25-31        
In My Mailbox was created by Kristi of The Story Siren.

Outcasts United - Warren St. John
The extraordinary tale of a refugee youth soccer team and the transformation of a small American town

Clarkston, Georgia, was a typical Southern town until it was designated a refugee settlement center in the 1990s, becoming the first American home for scores of families in flight from the world’s war zones—from Liberia and Sudan to Iraq and Afghanistan. Suddenly Clarkston’s streets were filled with women wearing the hijab, the smells of cumin and curry, and kids of all colors playing soccer in any open space they could find. The town also became home to Luma Mufleh, an American-educated Jordanian woman who founded a youth soccer team to unify Clarkston’s refugee children and keep them off the streets. These kids named themselves the Fugees.

Set against the backdrop of an American town that without its consent had become a vast social experiment, Outcasts United follows a pivotal season in the life of the Fugees and their charismatic coach....

Outcasts United is actually my required reading for freshman seminar. I read the introduction, and I look forward to reading the rest. :P
          Award Spurs Debate in 'Desert of Silence' in Muslim World        

This article originally appeared in the Huffington Post, where you can visit for the original piece by clicking here or on the title

Award Spurs Debate in 'Desert of Silence' in Muslim World


LISBON -- There was something truly captivating about sitting in the Castle of São Jorge in Lisbon, Portugal, waiting for the announcement of the 2013 winners of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Overlooking the cityscape, the citadel is home to both the Christian and Muslim history of the Iberian peninsula, a fitting setting for an event looking to promote common linkages across geographic divides. Held every three years, the Award looks to promote conversation around the themes of development and the built environment in the Muslim world and beyond. Once again, the gathering -- hosted by the President of Portugal and the Aga Khan -- brought together an eclectic array of participants from representatives from around the world, ranging from ministers and diplomats to religious figures (including from the Vatican), to architects and builders, to thinkers and writers.
The Award recipients were equally diverse, with five projects celebrated in this cycle (bringing the number of winners in the history of the Award to 110). They included: the Salam Center for Cardiac Surgery in Sudan; the revitalization of Birzeit in Palestine; the Rabat-Salé Bridge in Morocco; the rehabilitation of the Tabriz Bazaar in Iran; and an Islamic cemetery in Austria (the latter perhaps the most intriguing project). While the initiative represents the largest, in terms of monetary value, architecture award in the world, its objective goes beyond aesthetic design, seeking to identify projects that are on the frontier of sustainable development (in all senses of the term) and that are locally attuned. Yet what was clear this year was the juxtaposition of the contemplative conversation in Lisbon and the "desert of silence "that still characterizes much of the Muslim world, outside specialized or academic circles, on these very themes. And this is the challenge for the Award, and similar such platforms -- to not just hold the conversation but to widen the debate to engage with the multitude of forces shaping and influencing the broader Muslim world (and beyond).
Founded in 1977, the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is part of the wider set of initiatives of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), which mobilizes annually over $600 million to support development activities throughout the 30 countries in which it works. The Award shares the holistic approach of the AKDN towards development, whereby local participation, alignment, and empowerment are critical to the viability and impact of any activity. Held every three years, 2013 represented the 13th cycle of the awards. Governed by a nine-person Steering Committee that includes some of the top minds in the field, such as Norman Foster and Glenn Lowry (from the Museum of Modern Art), the Award appoints a new Master Jury for each cycle; this year's Jury, for example, includedMahmoud Mamdani of Uganda and Wang Shu of China.
One of the central purposes of the Award, according to its founder, the Aga Khan, and voiced during this years ceremony was to replace the "vast desert [of] silence [that] had set in" in the Muslim world with lively debate, around the issues of development, architecture, and the built environment. Certainly, this would be no easy challenge. Over the last three decades, the Award has highlighted a number of worthy projects, recognized and encouraged leading architects and builders, and promoted education with the principles of the Award in mind. Yet, it has not been enough to fill the silence. Instead, at the frontier of the built environment in Muslim communities, and places like the Arab world, this silence has been filled by what appears too often like cacophonous chaos. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the holy city of Mecca, where a giant clock tower and monstrous skyscrapers not only cast a shadow over Islam's holiest mosque, the Kaaba, but are systematically destroying the city's historic heritage while contributing very little to community needs, besides increases in property values.
This is emblematic of the challenge of the Award, in particular, but also of other similar initiatives seeking to influence trends in the broader Muslim world, where it is not contemplative conversation that drives change but rather copious (often misallocated) capital that determines development patterns instead. How can you not just fill that vast desert of silence but also ensure that it is not the loudest voices that win the debate?
Given the ongoing shifts throughout the developing world, such as the move from rural to urban environments, political transition, and economic modernization, more engagement will be needed on a number of critical issues, especially the built environment and how it promotes sustainable development. Hopefully the conversations, such as those in Lisbon, begin to move beyond the classroom and into the mainstream.
Photo credit: AKDN

          Another Coup for the Outgoing Emir of Qatar        
In July 2010, the (now outgoing) Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, traveled to South Lebanon to bask in the gratitude for his country's largesse in supporting reconstruction following the Israeli bombardment just four years earlier. The $300 million (and beyond) committed by the Gulf state was very much appreciated by the Shiite armed movement Hezbollah, who ensured billboards in the South and on Airport Road in Beirut were decorated with notes of thanks to the Emir. It was a conspicuous visit because Qatar had stood out amongst the GCC in taking a strong if not controversial stand. Hand-in-hand with Hezbollah, the Emir, was not apparently one of the "half-men" that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad pointed to in the Gulf during the 2006 Hezbollah-Israel war. In fact, the Emir and Assad were quite close, if not close friends, and were frequently in touch.

In 2013, Qatar finds itself at the forefront on a number of regional issues, most notably the conflict in Syria, which had pitted the Emir in direct opposition to his old friend Bashar Al Assad. In fact, on the sectarian front, hosting firebrand spiritual figure, Yusuf al-Qaradawi who recently called for a Sunni-led jihad, and allying almost openly with Muslim Brotherhood movements in the region (which brought criticism from people as far afield as Egyptian satirist Bassem Youssef), has increasingly prompted the question: Has the politically adept Qatar lost its touch?

Once again, however, the Emir of Qatar (who I'll refer to by his initials HBK) shocked the region with another unprecedented move - this time the transfer of power to his 33-year old son Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani (the 'new Emir'). In doing so, HBK put Qatar back on the political front-foot and raised the pressure on regional allies. And in typical style, he added another deft touch in his address to the nation with a quote (and the only quote outside from scripture) from Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Caliph in Islam and the first Imam of the Shi'a Muslims: 'Teach your children other than that what you were taught; as they are created for a time other than yours."

It was nearly 18 years to the day, on June 27, 1995 [although official Qatari sites list his 'start-date' as June 26] that the outgoing Emir, HBK, came to power in a bloodless coup with the aid of his current outgoing Prime Minister, Sheikh Hamid bin Jassim al-Thani (HBJ) and other figures. He dislodged his father, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad, at the time, under largely benign circumstances but also as Qatar was starting to truly increase its economic base. When HBK took the reigns, the country was bit-player on the regional scene, with a GDP of $8bn. Today, the country is a regional powerhouse, punching far above its weight with a GDP in upwards of $170bn. The transformation, after HBK's rise, began in a number of areas:
  • In 1995 (August), the Emir alongside his wife, Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, launched what has become one of the largest foundations, Qatar Foundation, dedicated to 'knowledge' and social development in the country and wider region;
  • In 1996, the State of Qatar launched Al Jazeera, initially only in Arabic, which shocked the region by becoming literally the only widespread outlet of independent voices (from the 'regimes') in the region; 
  • And in 1997, Qatar Airways was relaunched and became a symbolic flagship for the country, although it is not clear whether the carrier will ever truly be profitable.
Economically, with growing revenues from natural gas over the last decade and a half, the departing Prime Minister, HBJ, effectively became the CEO of the country. In addition, to governing national investments through the Qatar Investment Authority, the sovereign wealth fund, HBJ also built up constituent vehicles like Qatari Diar, which looked to deploy billions of dollars in capital throughout the region, including in places that would traditionally be 'off-the-grid' like Libya, Syria and the Palestinian Territories.

Yet, while the transformation of Qatar happened on several levels - and Sheikha Moza led a number of key initiatives that have separately built up the profile of the country - the Prime Minister & Emir particularly forged a formidable political duo, implementing a plan for political leadership which led to alternating reactions of admiration and consternation in the region. HBK & HBJ became in recent years, the guiding and influencing force on a number of key regional files. It was a strategy of multi-faceted engagement and relevance, often replete with paradoxes, that even until now has confounded observers and analysts, who were always late to the party in understanding and engaging with Qatar.

For example, while condemning Al Jazeera Arabic for links to Al Qaeda, the U.S. government in September 2002 began moving its Central Command (CENTCOM) Headquarters in part to Doha. Qatar maintained an Israeli trade office since the late 1990s (closing intermittently during the Intifada and in 2009 during the Gaza War), while also building up relations with Hamas throughout the 2000s. The country maintained strong links within the GCC, and also with Sunni allies such as leader of the Future Party Saad Hariri, but in 2008 it was their ties with Hezbollah that allowed them to forge the Doha Agreement, averting what could have been a dark period of civil strife in Lebanon. There was no end to the political engagement: peace talks on Darfur, engagement with the Taliban, mediation between Chad and Sudan, and the list goes on.

On the political level, while the period prior to the Arab awakening was characterized by engaging with a wide variety of stakeholders, in early 2011, it seemed that Qatar was starting to play a much more partisan role. Previous allies such as Syria's Assad, and Libya's Gaddhafi fell by the wayside very quickly, with Qatar in fact leading efforts in the fight to topple both dictators. And in other 'revolutionary' environments such as Egypt and Tunisia, where the ruling parties are Islamist, Qatar has become the political football for its perceived support for Islamist movements. Critics ask why figures like Qaradawi (mentioned above) are based in Qatar? Why was the state mosque in Doha named after the founder of Wahhabism, the particularly conservative brand of Islam, in 2011? And why has a station like Al Jazeera portrayed only one side of the story, often with an 'Islamic' bent, the last two years especially?

Yet, the criticism has only grown commensurate with the prominence of Qatar in the region. On one hand, the policies of Qatar were simply part of its strategy of engagement in the region, to demonstrate leadership but also fundamentally relevance - important for a small country that previously lived in the shadow of Saudi Arabia and Iran. The Arab uprisings and subsequent rise of Islamist movements in the region was a tremendous opportunity for Qatar to provide indispensable leadership. Yet, leadership and unique prominence, has consequences, and it is likely that the inflection point of a transfer of power, provides a moment for reflection, especially as the region comes to terms with its new (and oft-changing) dynamics. What was immensely popular in late 2011 no longer is definitively so. For example, in Egypt, President Morsi's approval rating has notably dropped from 70% to 40%.

Thus, the transfer of power to a new ruler, in Sheikh Tamim, means that Qatar can assess its strategic position and alignment. Perhaps, the country could benefit from a broader engagement given rising divisions in the region, and once again capture the role of lead mediator? Domestically, Sheikh Tamim will play close attention to catalyzing the role of his generation in the country's leadership. After all, Qatar had yet to enact the legislative or Shura Council that HBK promised when he rose to power, and enshrined in the Constitution ratified 9 years ago. The first step will be the announcement of a new cabinet that will replace what is increasingly seen as a gentrified political elite with new or younger faces. It is also expected that there may be a rise in salaries of Qataris employed in the public sector, at a smaller scale, however, to a similar announcement in 2011. Most important, however, will be a new dialogue and series of consultations that the new Emir will have with Qatari citizens, whose expectations have risen with new-found wealth and prosperity. In particular, with 70% of Qataris under the age of 30, engaging youth will be a priority. Do they feel included in the governance of the country and its institutions? Are there sufficient opportunities for employment and growth? And do public services meet their expectations?

As Sheikh Tamim assesses the domestic situation, he does have a strong ally in his mother, Sheikha Moza, and the institutions she leads that address youth, health and education. And he will rely on  experienced hands like Sheikh Abdullah al-Thani to evaluate macro-projects like the Qatar World Cup preparations and the development of the national railways. Yet, both on the national and international fronts, the new Emir is not without experience or preparation. While observers were caught off-guard, it is thought HBK had planned for this day far ahead of time. The ascension of the Crown Prince to the leadership, began in earnest over the past two years. In fact, when significant announcements like the salary increase from 2011 were made, it was from Sheikh Tamim's office. He was also front and center, for example, when the move was made to shift Hamas headquarters out of Syria. And the then Crown Prince had been taking an increasing "foreign affairs role" amidst the Arab uprisings.

While the policies that Qatar will follow will likely be unchanged in the short-term, we will have to wait and see what path the new Emir forges in the long-term. Yet, his father has assured that he enters on the political front-foot. Even in his departure, the outgoing Emir left as he came in - with a coup. Upending traditions in the region, he ensured that he would leave the scene at the ripe (for the GCC) age of 61, leaving power to his son who is only 33. This is next to countries such as Saudi Arabia, where the King is 91 (if not older) and where power has never been transferred to the 'next generation', passed instead from brother-to-brother among the descendents of King Abdelaziz (since his death in 1953). Or take Bahrain, where the Prime Minister, Khalifa bin Salman, has helmed the government for over four decades without interruption.

Certainly, the move by HBK has not ushered in a democracy in Qatar; it is still an authoritarian state. And the ascension of Sheikh Tamim does not automatically assuage any of the concerns (real or perceived) ranging from migrant rights to nepotism to regional interference. Nevertheless, in its own way, Qatar has provided the region with a new revolutionary moment. Now we wait to see how the day-after, always the hard part, plays out.


          10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur        

10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur

Como dicen en Corea: annyeong-haseyo!
10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur
Tras contar curiosidades sobre Japón, hoy toca el turno a Corea del Sur. No se quedan atrás en excentricidades interesantes. De nuevo, habrá cosas que todos saben ¿verdad?, como que hacen dramas casi tan famosos como el anime japonés, ya lograron arrebatar el primer puesto en el informe PISA sobre educación a Finlandia o que Samsung dentro del país no es meramente un productor de móviles y ordenadores sino toda una corporación que lo ha construido casi todo. Sin embargo, existen otras cosas como las de a continuación que espero no supieran.

Eres un año más viejo, a veces dos.

Los surcoreanos suelen sumar un año a la edad internacional. El concepto cultural proviene de China y no sólo sucede en Corea del Sur sino también en países influenciados como Corea del Norte, Vietnam o Japón. Lo que ocurre es que los otros países asiáticos han aceptado la internacionalización de la edad y prácticamente ya no usan esta costumbre, sin embargo, en Corea del Sur lo normal es utilizar la edad coreana cuando te preguntan.
En cuanto a por qué hay que sumarse uno es simplemente porque se cree que ya naces con un año, no con cero. Pero añadido a esto, además, los coreanos no cumplen años sólo cuando nacieron sino cada «ib chun» o periodo solar, así que cumples dos veces. Por tanto, dependiendo del mes, es posible que entre un periodo solar y otro tengas hasta dos años más. Si una persona ha nacido a principios de año, la diferencia de un año será la habitual. En cambio, si una persona nació a finales, pasará muchos meses añadiendo dos años a su edad internacional.

No hay desodorante

El chico deprimido se llama Le Ming Ho.
El chico deprimido se llama Le Ming Ho.
Es una cosa que incluso suelen añadirte en la guía de viajes cuando compras un vuelo a Corea: deberías traer tu desodorante porque es muy difícil encontrarlo. Esto es porque los coreanos sudan pero no huelen.
El olor corporal se debe a una mezcla de compuestos orgánicos volátiles. Las investigaciones sobre este tema comenzaron en la década de los sesenta, descubriendo que el olor axilar era producido por la interacción de secreciones apocrinas con los microorganismos cutáneos de las axilas. Y en 2009, un equipo de investigación descubrió que casi toda la etnia asiática tiene una mutación genética que detiene la producción de los compuestos del sudor apocrino que causan el mal olor. Por eso, las personas en China y Corea no usan mucho los desodorantes y tan claro como el agua, como no se vende, no hay.

Si tienes un problema físico, se espera que lo soluciones.

After and before.
After and before.
Hay cirugías de todo, absolutamente de todo, cosas como la reducción de volumen craneal es posible. Resulta que son tan increíbles los cambios que, tras someterse a una operación, les obligan a actualizar su tarjeta de identificación porque normalmente no se les puede reconocer después.
También está el punto de que operarse no es raro. Cuando digo que no es raro es que adolescentes piden la cirugía de doble párpado como premio por graduarse en la preparatoria. De hecho, lo deleznable es que no lo soluciones. Si tienes una nariz aguileña, te pueden preguntar en una entrevista laboral porqué no te la has quitado esperando que tengas una razón de «verdadero peso» para no haberlo hecho. Corea tiene una sociedad muy superficial, que valora en demasía el aspecto físico y no poseerlo es todo un problema para cualquier empleo de cierto nivel.

Si se mueve, se come.

Corea tiene comidas muy extrañas, más o menos siguiendo la línea de toda Asia. Déjenme decir primero que hay algunas comidas «tradicionales» que un capitalino no habrá probado jamás y que les dan tanto asco como a nosotros, pero existen los que las comen y restaurantes que las sirven, por lo cual, no está de más contarlo. Podemos empezar por la famosa sopa de perro. Sí, tradicionalmente se comía el perro. Pero hay cosas peores como un vino con fetos de rata dentro, el «gaebul» que es una lombriz de mar abierta por la mitad, «gusanos-pene» en salsa —se llaman así— que se comen crudos con salsa de sésamo o el «beondegi» que son larvas de gusano de seda al vapor. Nunca os haría la canallada de poner fotos de todo ello y tampoco os puedo comentar a qué saben porque tengo mis límites en cuando a probar cosas nuevas.

Los más alcoholizados del mundo

soju
Según datos de la OMS, es efectivamente el país que más alcohol consume. De hecho, su bebida nacional, el soju, es el alcohol más vendido del mundo y quizás la única bebida alcohólica coreana conocida fuera de las fronteras (aunque hay muchas más). Está hecha a partir de licor de arroz pero no sabe a arroz, se toma en vasos pequeños como los de chupito y las botellas tienen un precio muy económico. En cuanto a su «potencia», tiene alta graduación —entre los 15º-25º el malo, el caro puede tener más— y se toma solo. Su sabor es tan fuerte como el de alcohol de curar heridas y quema bajando, pero las ajummas (abuelas mayores) lo bajan como si nada.
Estarás pensando, bien, me abstendré de probarlo. Difícil. Ni se te ocurra rechazar si te ofrecen una bebida alcohólica, lo interpretarán como un gesto de descortesía, sobre todo si quien te lo ha ofrecido es alguien de mayor edad que tú. De hecho, los jefes tienen la costumbre de emborrachar a sus subordinados al salir de la empresa. Beber en Corea del Sur está bien visto, en reuniones, en negocios, en fiestas, en encuentros... incluso existe la creencia de que beber alcohol adelgaza.

Los coreanos conducen bastante mal

KIA es la marca de coches más vendida y en su mayoría los coreanos prefieren coches automáticos. Y a pesar de que los automáticos son más fáciles de conducir y los máximos de velocidad en Corea son bastante bajos, hay muchos accidentes. Según la OMS, Corea del Sur es el segundo país con mayor número de muertes de tráfico.

Cosmética para todos.

Bajo la misma idea perfeccionadora de las cirugías, hay una industria cosmética que lo invade todo. Los idols —cantantes y actores famosos— promocionan productos en todas partes, desde espaldares de asientos en el metro a paneles iluminados tamaño edificio. La cosmética suele intentan tener una base natural en la línea conceptual de ser «comida para la piel» y se vende tanto para hombres como para mujeres.
corea
Los hombres en corea consumen tanta cosmética como las mujeres, se ponen «bb creams» para el día a día —maquillaje con tratamiento de cobertura baja— polvos, usan serums y tónicos, se tiñen, se hacen la cera integral en las piernas y pecho, no salen a la calle sin protector 50 y ver un coreano con pelo en la cara es tan raro como ver pasar el cometa Halley.
Se consumen productos con ácido hialurónico, vitamina C, salicílicos, proteínas de arroz y leche, caviar, tierras volcánicas mineralizadas… y en definitiva, todo lo que por su composición «aclare y terse» la piel. A los coreanos no les gusta el moreno, odian las manchas y a los 20 pocos, ya están preocupados por las arrugas. Como consecuencia o en base a esto, inventaron el cuidado facial en capas, en el que se usan al menos diez productos diferentes que hay que utilizar en un orden específico, según ingredientes y textura, uno detrás de otro post absorción para alimentar la piel a la par que «protegerla del exterior». Y los hombres lo hacen también.

Corazón

korean-fingers-heart
¿Cómo haces el símbolo del corazón? Si eres occidental seguramente juntarás los pulgares y los índices haciendo la forma. Los coreanos no hacen los corazones así sino juntando índice y pulgar de la misma mano, lo que para nosotros significa «dinero» o «¿cuánto cuesta?».

El K-pop

Estos concretamente se llaman Super Junior.
Estos concretamente se llaman Super Junior.
¿Se acuerdan del Gangnam Style? Pues no fue una casualidad. La industria cultural de Corea del Sur lleva más de veinte años potenciando y haciendo globales sus producciones. El K-pop es nombre que recibe su estilo de música, integrado por varios géneros musicales como el dance pop, la balada pop, la música electrónica, el rock, la música hip hop y el R&B. Se caracteriza por tener elementos audiovisuales integrados en el directo como coreografías, fuegos artificiales en escena, caracterización y/o interpretación, una perfección técnica en la coordinación grupal de baile, aprovechan en muchos casos a explotar la estética cute, usan excéntricos peinados y/o maquillaje llamativo. No se puede decir que las letras tengan en su mayoría un gran repertorio o sean muy profundas pero reconozcámoslo, sus Justin Bieber lo hacen mejor porque por lo menos no paran quietos y vienen en packs.

Los 100 días.

En Corea las «Sogaeting» o citas a ciegas son muy normales y se habla de ellas públicamente. La verdad es que para los coreanos suele ser difícil conocer gente nueva por su introversión y a la vez es casi un delito llegar a los treinta y estar solo. La familia insiste mucho en esto y a veces es la madre la que le presenta al hijo chicas, también puede ocurrir por medio de la hermana o las amigas de la novia de un amigo. Vamos, trapicheo de contactos. Cuando las parejas empiezan a salir cuentan los días y existe una celebración a los 100 en la que la chica le hace bombones caseros (en San Valentín también los hacen).
También decir que si te parece duro estar solo y ver parejas por la calle en occidente, allá es mucho peor. Puedes ver cosas como camisetas de parejas en conjunto, bufandas para dos o guantes dobles para tomarse de la mano sin separarse. En resumen, no es un buen sitio para estar soltero.
 
 
 https://hipertextual.com/2016/09/curiosidades-corea

          ØªØ¹Ù„يق على خواطر الشيخ الشعراوى للقران كاملا بواسطة Muslimah        
Assalamu Alaikum, Muslims around the world are fasting in solidarity with the people of Gaza until the offensive ends. It is expected that the offensive is going to continue for another two or three weeks. As Muslims, we are responsible and will be accountable for what is happening to Muslims (Palestine, Chechnya, Iraq, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sudan, etc.) around the globe today. The least we can do is fast in solidarity. GAZA SONG: http://ie.youtube.com/watch?v=dlfhoU66s4Y Please forward to all Muslims you know, even if you do not agree.
          Nigeria, Egypt top list for intenet penetration in Africa        

Top 10 African countries with highest intenet penetration (2012) Nigeria Egypt South Africa Morocco Kenya Sudan Tanzania Algeria Uganda Tunisia Source: African Development Bank  

The post Nigeria, Egypt top list for intenet penetration in Africa appeared first on Annansi.com.


          World: FPMA Bulletin #7, 10 August 2017        
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Peru, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia

Key messages

  • International prices of wheat rose further in July on quality concerns, particularly for higher protein wheat, although upward pressure was limited by prospects of ample global supplies. Export prices of maize remained generally unchanged, while a slowdown in demand capped gains in rice quotations.
  • In East Africa, prices of cereals in most countries declined signi cantly for the second consecutive month in July with the new harvests, but remained generally higher than a year earlier. However, in Ethiopia, prices of maize surged further and reached record levels, underpinned by uncertain prospects for the 2017 crops.
  • In the CIS, prices of staple potatoes declined sharply from the record or near-record highs of June in most countries of the subregion with the beginning of the new harvest. Prices, however, remained higher than in July last year after the sharp increases of the past months.

          Yemen: East Africa Key Message Update, August 2017        
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen

Major food security Emergencies continue across the region due to conflict, drought

Key Messages

  • A major food security Emergency is expected to continue into early 2018 in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, following a severe drought over the past year. Large food consumption gaps among worst-affected households, in combination with serious outbreaks of Acute Watery Diarrhea and measles are contributing to atypically high levels of acute malnutrition. Given the severity of current and projected food security outcomes, the resumption of large-scale assistance is critically needed to prevent worst-affected pastoral areas from moving into Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).

  • Poor households in the Hiraan, Bakool, Gedo, Lower Shabelle, and Middle Shabelle agropastoral areas of central and southern Somalia are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) through 2017 with the greatest food insecurity expected after September, when households exhaust food stocks. In the event that there is a significant interruption to current food assistance programs and higher prices further reduce household food access, Famine (IPC Phase 5) is possible.

  • A large-scale food security Emergency continues across South Sudan, with over half of the total population in need of humanitarian assistance. An estimated 10,000 people on isolated islands in the White Nile River, between Leer and Jonglei, remain of greatest concern. Recent field assessments have confirmed that some island locations remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors and it is expected populations on these islands lack access to emergency assistance. It is feared outcomes may be worse among these populations and some households could be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).

  • In Yemen, large populations continue to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with outcomes likely most severe among the nearly 2 million IDPs. Yemen continues to face a risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) in a worst-case scenario in which imports through Al Hudaydah and Salif ports and internal trade are significantly disrupted, and humanitarian assistance fails to reach populations most in need. Appropriate response is also needed to address a major, ongoing cholera outbreak and mitigate the risk of increased acute malnutrition and mortality, particularly among populations facing both food consumption gaps and cholera.


          World: Food Assistance Outlook Brief, August 2017        
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion.


          World: Humanitarian Coordinator Information Products, 31 July 2017        
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen


          Yemen: Security Council Presidential Statement Urges Greater Humanitarian Access to Famine-Threatened Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria (Presidential Statement S/PRST/2017/14)        
Source: UN Security Council
Country: Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen

SC/12946

SECURITY COUNCIL
8020TH MEETING (AM)

Calling upon all parties in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and north-east Nigeria to urgently take steps that would enable a more effective humanitarian response, the Security Council today expressed its grave concern about the unprecedented level of global humanitarian needs and the threat of famine currently facing more than 20 million people in those countries.

Issuing presidential statement S/PRST/2017/14, the Security Council deplored that in conflict-affected Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and north-east Nigeria, certain parties had failed to ensure unfettered and sustained access for deliveries of vital food assistance, as well as other forms of humanitarian aid.

By the text, the Council reiterated its call on all parties to allow safe, timely and unhindered access to all areas and to facilitate entry for essential imports of food, fuel and medical supplies into each country and their distribution throughout. The Council further urged all parties to protect civilian infrastructure, which was critical to the delivery of humanitarian aid in the affected countries.

Stressing the need to enhance longer-term recovery and resilience of conflict-affected countries, the Council emphasized with deep concern that ongoing conflict and violence had devastating humanitarian consequences and hindered an effective humanitarian response, and were, therefore, a major cause of famine.

The Security Council noted with appreciation the Secretary-General’s leadership in the efforts to respond to the humanitarian crises in the four countries and asked him to continue to provide information on the humanitarian situation and response, including on the risk of famine. He was also asked to give an oral briefing in October on country-specific impediments to an effective response and to make specific recommendations on how to address those obstacles to enable a more robust short- and long-term response.

The meeting began at 10:03 a.m. and ended at 10:04 a.m.

Presidential Statement

The full text of presidential statement S/PRST/2017/14 reads as follows:

“The Security Council expresses its grave concern about the unprecedented level of global humanitarian needs and the threat of famine presently facing more than 20 million people in Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and north-east Nigeria, and notes with appreciation the Secretary-General’s leadership in the efforts to respond.

“The Security Council notes the devastating impact on civilians of ongoing armed conflict and violence. The Security Council also emphasizes with deep concern that ongoing conflicts and violence have devastating humanitarian consequences and hinder an effective humanitarian response in the short, medium and long term and are therefore a major cause of famine in the situations above. In this regard, the Security Council also notes the links between food scarcity and increased vulnerability of women, children and persons with disabilities.

“The Security Council reiterates its commitment to work with the Secretary-General to pursue all possible avenues to end conflicts, including through addressing their underlying root causes in an inclusive and sustainable manner.

“The Security Council stresses that responding effectively to these crises requires respect for international humanitarian law by all parties.

“The Security Council underlines the obligations of all parties to armed conflict to respect and protect civilians. The Security Council encourages those with influence over parties to armed conflict to remind the latter of their obligation to comply with international humanitarian law.

“The Security Council further underlines the need to ensure the security of humanitarian operations and personnel in conflict-affected countries. The Security Council calls on all parties to respect and protect medical facilities and personnel and their means of transport and equipment.

“The Security Council deplores that in the conflict-affected Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and north-east Nigeria, certain parties have failed to ensure unfettered and sustained access for deliveries of vital food assistance, as well as other forms of humanitarian aid. The Security Council reiterates its calls on all parties to allow the safe, timely and unhindered access for humanitarian assistance to all areas and to facilitate access for essential imports of food, fuel and medical supplies into each country, and their distribution throughout. The Security Council further urges all parties to protect civilian infrastructure which is critical to the delivery of humanitarian aid in the affected countries.

“The Security Council calls upon all parties in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and north-east Nigeria to urgently take steps that would enable a more effective humanitarian response.

“The Security Council commends efforts by international donors to provide humanitarian assistance in response to these four crises. The Security Council calls for the immediate disbursement of the funds already pledged to Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and north-east Nigeria at successive international conferences, including those held in Oslo, Geneva and London, if possible in the form of multi-year and unearmarked funding. The Security Council calls on Member States to provide additional resources and funding to pull people back from the brink of famine.

“The Security Council stresses the need to enhance longer-term recovery and resilience of conflict-affected countries.

“The Security Council requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide information on the humanitarian situation and response, including on the risk of famine, in the conflict-affected Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and north-east Nigeria, as part of his regular comprehensive reporting.

“In light of the unprecedented threat of famine in conflict-affected Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and north-east Nigeria, the Security Council further requests the Secretary-General to provide an oral briefing, during the month of October 2017, on country-specific impediments to an effective response to the risk of famine in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and north-east Nigeria and make specific recommendations on how to address these impediments, in order to enable a more robust short- and long-term response in the four countries. The Security Council welcomes the Secretary-General’s letters on the risk of famine in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and north-east Nigeria of 21 February and 27 June 2017 and in this regard requests the Secretary-General to provide early warning when a conflict having devastating humanitarian consequences and hindering an effective humanitarian response risks leading to an outbreak of famine.

“The Security Council expresses its readiness to continue to support the Secretary-General’s call to action to avert famine in conflict-affected countries and commits to engage constructively on the Secretary-General’s specific recommendations.”


          Italy: Italy Sea Arrivals Dashboard (January - July 2017)        
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Iraq, Italy, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Overview

Between 1 January and 31 July 2017, 95,213 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 2% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (93,774).

Trends in sea arrivals should be assessed over time, as fluctuations on a monthly basis may be linked to various factors, including weather and sea conditions or the situation in the countries of departure and origin. Geopolitical developments and the capacity of smugglers to organize departures may also affect sea arrivals.


          Yemen: UNHCR Yemen Situation: 2017 Funding Update (as of 7 August 2017)        
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

  • 79.8 M required for 2017

  • 42.0 M contributions received, representing 53% of requirements

  • 37.8 M funding gap for the Yemen situation

All figures are shown in USD


          South Sudan: South Sudan Refugees Statistics as of 31 July 2017        
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan


          World: Dorcas: Annual Report 2016        
Source: Dorcas Aid International
Country: Ethiopia, Greece, Kenya, Lebanon, Moldova, Romania, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, World

Highlights
- A new story: We worked on a new story for Dorcas in 2016, with various departments and stakeholders giving their input.
- Strategic plan: We prepared for our new strategic plan (2017-2021) through a focused process of completing a SWOT analysis. The key element of the new strategic plan is to expand inclusive community development in all of our projects. In addition, we are seeking to build a Dorcas “community” in The Netherlands. During an intensive process, which included a SWOT analysis, we prepared ourselves for a new strategic plan for the period 2017 to 2021. Our plan is to develop our work further in inclusive community development. Furthermore, we are building a Dorcas community in the Netherlands.
- Influencing Policy: In 2016 we had a number of productive meetings with members of the Dutch House of Representatives. To support that we showed the film Face Down that concerns the conflict in Eastern Ukraine and which we made at the start of 2016.
- Visits to Field Project: Two groups visited Dorcas projects in 2016, one to Moldova with 23 sponsors visiting their grannies and children and the other group to Romania.
- New Dorcas shops: The Dorcas shops in the Netherlands are doing well. Four new Dorcas shops were opened in 2016. A total of 2,000 volunteers share the work to operate these shops.
- Dorcas Academy: In 2016 we prepared for establishing the Dorcas Academy, through which we will invest in our staff’s knowledge and skill level. Preparations were made in 2016 for setting up the Dorcas Academy, through which we will be investing in the knowledge and skills of our co-workers.


          Kanzleramtschef Altmaier (CDU): "Ich bin Feminist" – News vom 24. Juli 2017        
1. Kanzleramtschef Peter Altmaier weiß offenkundig nicht, was das Wort "Gleichberechtigung" bedeutet, meint aber, dazu ein bizarres Statement abgeben zu müssen:

"Ja, ich bin Feminist", sagte der Minister der "Bild am Sonntag". Frauen seien auch in Deutschland noch nicht komplett gleichberechtigt, beklagte er: "Im Parlament sitzen deutlich mehr Männer, in den Chefetagen der großen Firmen gibt es fast keine Frauen."




2. Neue Blogbeiträge beschäftigen sich mit den Schwarzen Listen, die das grüne Genderlager über seine politischen Gegner angelegt hat. "Warum Grüne und SPD nicht wählbar sind" betitelt der Kommunikationsberater und Buchautor Thilo Baum seinen Beitrag darüber. In dessen Fazit erklärt Baum, wohin ihn persönlich derartige Entwicklungen führen:

Tatsächlich wähle ich die FDP. (...) Die FDP ist in meinen Augen die einzige Partei, die sich tatsächlich für die Freiheit einsetzt – beispielsweise für die Freiheit, die politische Korrektheit kritisieren zu dürfen, ohne deswegen gleich diffamiert zu werden wie im Stalinismus. Und das gilt es derzeit zu verhindern – wir sind auf dem Weg in eine neue McCarthy-Ära, nur dieses Mal von links. Wer die Grünen oder die SPD wählt, bereitet diesem neuen Totalitarismus den Weg.


Auch Malte Dahlgrün beschäftigt sich mit dem grünen Online-Pranger. Sein Beitrag wurde von der "Achse des Guten" übernommen.



3. "Sind Frauen die besseren Rechtspopulisten?" fragt die Feministin Jana Hensel in der "Zeit".



4. Hin zu einer maskulistischen Filmkritik: Christian Schmidt widmet sich heute "American Beauty".



5. Man kann im Zeitalter der feministischen Korrektheit keine Satire mehr schreiben, die lange eine Satire bleibt. Jetzt beklagt die Zeitschrift "USA Today" tatsächlich, dass es in Christopher Nolans Filmepos "Dunkirk" zu wenige Frauen und Farbige gibt:

The trio of timelines can be jarring as you figure out how they all fit, and the fact that there are only a couple of women and no lead actors of color may rub some the wrong way.




6. Der kanadische Professor Jordan Peterson, der sich gegen die feministische Korrektheit im akademischen Bereich engagiert, gründet eine Online-Universität.



7. Das männerpolitische Blog Toy Soldiers berichtet von einer verurteilten Sextäterin, die ihr Opfer wegen Rufschädigung verklagt:

Stumph got away with exploiting one of her students. She must only serve 180 days in jail, not prison, and does not have to register as a sex offender. She accepted a plea deal that granted her this ever so beneficial slap on the wrist. Yet because the victim decided to sue Stumph for her actions, Stumph filed a counter suit, stating "the victim’s statements damaged her reputation and career."




8. Wir kommen voran: Die New York Times berichtet über sexuelle Gewalt im Sudan, ohne die Opfer dabei auf der Grundlage ihrer Geschlechtszugehörigkeit unterschiedlich zu gewichten.
          SOS!!! Пожалуйста, давайте соберем подписи!!!        
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23 марта, в Канаде начнется забой бельков - детенышей гренландского тюленя. Ради белых шкурок, будет убито около 300 тысяч детенышей, которым нет и месяца. Нужно собрать 300 тысяч подписей, чтобы "запретили квоту". Перейдите по ссылке ниже и подпишите петицию, это займет буквально пару минут. И, возможно, благодаря вам будут сохранены жизни беззащитных животных. Если вам не все равно - пожалуйста, перепостите.
Спасибо.

ДРУЗЬЯ, РАССКАЖИТЕ КАК МОЖНО БОЛЬШЕМУ КОЛИЧЕСТВУ ЛЮДЕЙ: ДРУЗЬЯМ, ЗНАКОМЫМ, НЕЗНАКОМЫМ; ПОПРОСИТЕ, ЧТОБЫ ОНИ ПЕРЕДАВАЛИ ИНФОРМАЦИЮ ДАЛЬШЕ! ВМЕСТЕ МЫ СМОЖЕМ ПОМОЧЬ!!!



https://secure.peta.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=2929



                  
The Ugandan Parliament in Kampala decided to give immediate attention to poor infrastructures in the whole of East African Region. ‘The poor infrastructure in the region needed immediate attention and the problem of infrastructure in East Africa is a matter of survival, especially electricity, the roads and railway” uganda safari company said the Uganda president.

He went a head and told Parliament that the UPDF had set up an engineering brigade with capacity to carry out engineering tasks, including building infrastructure.
We shall use them to build the railway. I talked to the army engineers and they said it is okay,” he disclosed.

Museveni emphasized that if the colonialists used rudimentary tools to construct the railway line used in East Africa today, the army was in a better position with better technology. This idea was supported by other East African presidents through which the Railway line passes. Mr. Odinga did not see the need for the study estimated to cost Sh800 million with Kenya’s contributing over Sh600 million. His view was shared by the Uganda minister for Works and Transport John Nasasira.gorilla safaris in uganda “We are not here for fun or mere drama. We know that Kenya is strategically placed to serve as the transport hub for the region.” The Permanent Meeting (PM) called for the delegations from the two countries to show the will and power to undertake the project saying it will help interconnect the Eastern Africa region.


The views from other East African delegates show unity and joint effort towards the rebuilding programmes of the Uganda Railway. gorilla safaris in rwanda

The EALA, led by its speaker, Abdirahin Abdi, is holding the 3rd meeting of the 2nd assembly in Kampala from February 7 to 19.
It is expected to pass resolutions on the East African Community Tourism Bill 2008, the Election Bill 2008 and Lake Victoria Basin Commission Bill 2007.

The opening was attended by Ugandan MPs, who occupied the opposition side of the House as Museveni appealed to the EAC partners to look into the issue of energy as a major factor in the development of the region.
Additionally,gorilla safari rwanda the Uganda president said electricity power generation was so low that it could not sustain development in the region.
He said the US generates 14,000 kilowatts per hour, while African countries generate only 12 kilowatts per hour.
Museveni explained that Uganda faced resistance from developments partners in developing power dams. He, however, assured the country that even without foreign aid; Uganda could build its own power stations.


“We are now aiming at generating about 17,000 megawatts in the next 15 years. This will give us 3,000 kilowatts per hour,” he said. ssese island safari
Museveni reiterated the need to fast-track the East African federation, so that the member states have a position by 2012.
“I am glad that there is compromise on this issue, but more needs to be done to ensure it is implemented.”

He urged member states to facilitate their citizens to process their goods and add value to them before putting them on the expanded regional market that includes Southern Sudan, DR Congo and the south africa safari Central African Republic.
He said Uganda had responded to the increased demand by producing more. “We got a bumper harvest of maize. As a result, prices have now come down,” he said.
“We need to deal with storage and processing of maize, so that the farmers don’t have to sell desperately at the time of plenty. This may force them to exit maize growing,” gorilla trekking uganda yet in the tourism sectors farmers are the major suppliers of agriculture products and if prices of the products are too low, that will lead to low production in Agriculture hence leading to low supply of Agriculture products to the tourism sector.

The ministries of finance and agriculture have devised means of how they can solve the problem in order to ensure constant supply of Agriculture products to the entire country sector. Said the president.
Abdi hailed the political leadership in the region for agreeing on the common market protocol.
He lauded Museveni for the effort to improve household incomes through modern agriculture and education.

More so, there are comments from the public listeners which can add value to the Government proposal of rebuilding the Uganda Railway and also ease travel movements for tourists from one country to the other and from one destination to the other. In terms of railway technology, the government should not go the British way but the French one. The French have the best and most efficient railway transport system in the world.uganda safaris adventures For example in some cities Lyon and Marseille are connected by the TGV (High velocity trains). Marseille which is about 780 km from Paris is only 3hrs. Imagine traveling from Mombasa to Kampala at that speed? So Mr. Government is advised to get the best technology around and not be blinded by colonial fidelity. bwindi gorilla trek The British are "out" when it comes to trains.

This can make travel very easy and it can reduce traffic congestion since there other transport alternatives which move at the same pace like others. Therefore for any person traveling or hopping to visit East Africa, transport shouldn’t be your worry.

Norway to support Eco-Tourism sites Conservation in Uganda trough Tree planting. masai mara safari

It is a surprising fact that Uganda has excellent growing conditions to support commercial tree growth. With good management and the adoption of intensive silvicultural practices, growth rates can match the best in the world and timber plantations can offer a solid return on investment. queen elizabeth safari This is due to the reason that Uganda has substantial areas of land suitable for timber plantations as shown by the silvicultural map of Uganda. This land is either in CFRs or is privately owned land. Long-term leases for tree planting are available in many CFRs: the first licenses for tree planting were issued by the NFA in mid 2005. Potential investors must realize, however, that the areas are more suited to pines than Eucalypts, being in hotter, drier areas. gorilla safaris in bwindi


Additionally, it was estimated that on average in Uganda it will cost around Ushs1.5 M per hectare (US$ 730) to establish a plantation. This cost covers all expected costs up to canopy closure (i.e. when the trees canopies in adjacent rows touch and shade out the ground vegetation) - which is around 3 years with Pinus caribaea, gorilla trekking bwindi 1-2 years with E. grandis. Costs will differ significantly on different sites and also depending on the supervision and level of skills of the labour. Other factors that can influence establishment costs are the scale of the planting, the level of mechanizations and the timing and frequency of key operations especially weeding. Within less than two years private planters learning quickly learning from their mistakes and they have real improved in the tree planting field.

However, due to the Uganda potential of planting trees the Norwegian Private Forest Growers (NORSKOG) has signed a partnership with the Uganda Timber Growers Association (UTGA) to support commercial timber growing with the aim of protecting forests which will conserve the natural beauty of Uganda hence promoting the Uganda’s Tourism Sector as the conservation saying goes “leave nothing, bwindi gorilla tracking safari uganda Touch nothing when you visit a destination.

The partnership was signed by NORSKOG director Arne Rora and the UTGA chairman, Robert Nabanyumya in Mpigi on Friday.
Rora said that the partnership was aimed at developing UTGA for the provision of services to the private and public sectors for sustainable management and utilization of plantation forests.

According to Nabanyumya, the association’s objective is to make quality products that are acceptable on the international market.
He also added on and said the association supplied improved seedlings to its members and lobbied for information, experience on tree growing, and advocacy for better land tenure security.

During the function, Norwegian ambassador Bjorg Leite said Uganda, being part of the global warming regions, needed to encourage more timber growers to protect forests.
“People can use this project to earn some money,” she added.kenya uganda safari

Leite lamented that more than half of Uganda’s forests had been cleared thus affecting climate, tourism and wildlife. There fore, the tourism industry is likely to benefit a lot from this partnership since it promotes conservation for eco-tourism sites like National parks and forest reserves. fishing safari uganda

          Farewell to Dr. Sudan and Dr. Roshan        

At the end of last week we said goodbye to two our two MBBS doctors, Dr. Roshan and Dr. Sudan. Over the course of the last year, both have inspired our staff with their hard work, and their compassionate care has benefitted countless patients.  While we are sad to see them leave, we know their connection to our work has only just begun and that their pursuit of further eduction will serve them well. Although they have yet to be replaced, we can only hope that our next round of MBBS doctors are as dedicated to serving the population of Achham with high quality compassionate care. 

Dr. Sudan Thapa, Steven (Country Director), and Dr. Roshan Bista

Below are two quotes from emails sent to Nyaya Health’s team@ list serve:

“…the smile on [patients] faces always motivate me to work at Bayalpata Hospital. This is now end of my tenure and in search of my further study with heavy heart I am leaving Bayalpata hospital this time. This is just the beginning of my attachment with Nyaya and would like continue forever and return back with more knowledge and resources. Thank you all for your support and appreciation.”
                     Dr Sudan

“I got a chance to learn a lot from you all and this is just the beginning of being the part of Nyaya.  As I go from here in the search of MD degree ...my heart always says I will return back to the needy people with more knowledge and resources.”
                     Dr Roshan 




          Purushottam Gauri Shakti Sadhana Mahotsav - Darbhanga (Bihar)        
Date: 3, 4 December, 2016

Venue: Lalit Narayan Mithila Vishwavidyalaya Raj Ground, Darbhanga, Bihar


Organiser: Darbhanga - Sanjay Pankaj 7209171823, Ramnath Mahaseth 8083392706, Ranjit Singh 7765053703, Nand Kishore 9431608491, Madhusudan 9507202561, Shankar Chaudhary 9534658436, Anil Nikhil 9835261203, Upanand Yadav 9534798383, Ravi Sahu 7209161972, Shyam Paswan 9304317550, Shyam Sahu 9334367563, Kamal Paswan 8539092465, Jayesh Anand 9808207795, Raghavendra Mahato 9122871486, Parmeshwar Pathak 9934911565, Pradeep Chaudhary 9122980679, Amrish Kumar 7870485265, Mintu Mishra 9523234862, Lal Babu, Shiv Shankar, Mamta Kumari 8271171199, Rekha Pathak 9234272040, Dr.Dhirendra Prashad 9507043138 Vishwanath, Sanjiv Chaudhary, Durganand Jha, Balram Sahu 8809215432, Satya Narayan 9155049257, Bhugeshwar Diwakar 9473370042, Vivek Kumar 9798282819, Deepak Panjiyar 9334214623, Meera Pandey 9934947724, Aalok Kumar 9661060857, Aalendu Shekhar 8539898300, Neeraj Khanna, Munna, Anil, Manoj, Sanjiv, Anil Aarya, Subhash, Gidar Gunj - Shambhu Prashad 9546945775, Sanjeev 7654851879, Ravi Shankar, Taralahi - Dr.Hiralal Yadav, Ratanpura - Pawan, Sanjay, Baheri - Lalan Sahu, Dr.Navin, Arun Prashad, Dr.Dilip Yadav, Kusheshwar - Birbal, Amarnath, Ujjaina - Agni Dev Tiwari, Vinod, Mintu Tiwari, Lalit Dev, Sitamarhi - Vikas Mishra, Madhepura - Dr.Bivah Rani, Cooch Behar - Sunil Gupta, Kalaunjar - Arun Singh 8226868436, Ram Shringar 8873578168, Patna - Rajiv Kanth 9835280726, J.N. Rai, Nageshwar Prashad 9386717663, Divya Kumar Divyanshu 9128112117, Tuntun Yadav 9431827710, Ashok Karna 9234481950, Avinash Munna 8578011401, Murliganj - Virendra Thakur 9661675832, Uma Shankar Pandit 9534760110, Ranjan Yadav 8877752854, Mithilesh Yadav 9534327353, Kanchan Kanan 8292380514, Chittranjan - Paritosh Tiwari 8010088551



          Mahamaya Nav Durga Shakti Sadhana Mahotsav - Balod (C.G.)        
Date: 21, 22 March, 2015

Venue: District Balod, Chattisgarh

Organiser : Balod - Madhusudan Deshmukh 9893465198, Dr. Manju Khoteshwar 9893810250, Devlal Sinha 9009490734, J.L. Verma 9926139280, V.S. Gaur 7697131987,Vijay Sagar 9770620599, Dr. Vidyasagar Khoteshwar 9993537004, Pradeep Sonwani 9302572514, Dr. Maheshwarnath Yogi 9993316290, Chanda Yadav 9669732152, Heerapur - Shekhar Nikhil 8817947345, Basant Tailor 9970163588, Homeshwari Sahu 9893509392, Jeevan Lal Devangan 9907632726, Pritam Sahu 9406377371, Lochan Sahu 7389007134, Kuber Nishad 895950380, Atma Nishad, Balak Sahu 9691849482, Guharam Sahu, Umendra Sahu, Vasudev, Gireshwar Prasad, Omprakash, Hansdev, Homlal Sahu, Dalli Rajhara - Tikeshwar Sonkar 9926744288, Toran Sonkar, Dr. Ashok Thakur 9300642721, Vijay Sahu 9893962099, Suresh, Nutanlal Nikhil 9691690563, R.K. Baande, Dhruv Sahu, Uttam, Ramadhar Nishad, Suresh Rai, Arvind Nath Yogi 9424124038, Tamsingh Parkar, Jagdish Nishad, Rajinder, Dinesh, Bheeshm, Subhash Baghel 7587263878, Sanjeev Gajbhiye, Hemlal Devangan 9993567816, Pawan Sonkar 9893191189, Manoj, Kamal Rawate 9691690844, Uttam Gaur, Harishankar, Phagan Sahu 9755298212, Jhalmala - Ramji Sahu, Kohangatola - Tamanlal Sinha, Ramesh Kumar Sinha, Paragaon - Tularam Patel, Nevarikala - Santosh Sonkar, Mannulal Mahadev, Chauki - Dr. Kashyap, Manturam, Bajpayee Ji, Pawan Sinha, Peeparchedi - S.R. Kalyani, Hemant Kamade, Pushkar Kalyani, Thanasingh Sahu, Kanhaiya Kalyani, Shrawan Thakur, Krishna Sahu, Armarikala - Amrit Soni, Baseen - T.R. Nishaad, Virender Sanhanda, Kanwar - Demunlal, Khundani - Mahender Sanga, Arkaar - Parameshwar Sahu, Neelkanth Chaudhary, Gagoripar - Sajjan Singh Nishad, Dhaneli - Dharam Sahu, Chandrahas, Kharthuli - Jitender Sahu, Parastarai - Toran Sahu, Bhothali - Bisahuram Sahu, Dupchera - Homchandra, Santosh, Gurur - T.R. Sahu 7869438427, Borvahi - Suresh Netam, Dadhari - Domendra Sahu, Tilak Sahu, Phagundah - Gopalsingh Chandrakar, Dhamtari - Shail Chabbara, Rajkamal Sharma, Salik Ram Gajpal, Bharat Sahu, Chitaud - Pritam Singh Rajak, Rajinder Sinha, Demar - Sheetkumar Sahu 9827488462, Tokesh Patel, Rajinder Manipal, Durg - Sonia Nikhil 9300895168, Badgaon - Ashok Patel, Manoj Dubey, Chintu Sahu, Audar Sakari - Shyanani Sahu, Jitender Kumar, Lavan Kumar Ravet, Sevakram Devangan, Gotatola - Ashok Kumar, Malidhori - Rudresh Kumar, Meekhamdhankar, Arjunda - Chandraprakash Dewan, Kavita Sahu, Raghuveer Chandrakar, Tikari - Dinesh Kumar Devangan, Krishanram Patawa, Dhaurobhat - Panchram Vishwakarma, Dalaram Thakur, Surajram Thakur, Roman Patel, Dev Singh Patel, Ghotiya - Tulsiram Nishad, Dhumka - Parasuram Sahu, Chikhali - Ramesh Sahu, Belaudi- Shailender Parekar



          Sudan: de Waal essay on the future of Sudan without Garang        
none
          Sudan: Kiir replaces Garang        
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          Sudan: Garang is dead!        
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          Ending the South Sudan Civil War: A Conversation with Kate Almquist Knopf        

          Ending War in South Sudan: A New Approach        
Sarah Collman is a research associate in the Ce

          Nyamal Koang: “Under this Nip tree I will build a library”        
August 8, 2017 This is a story of a South Sudanese woman whose dedication to educate children remained a conviction throughout. She is setting up a library for the South Sudanese refugee in Gambella, Western Ethiopia.  Are you an observer of the law? The law in the universe that says the more you give the...
          KEEPING IT REAL ABOUT SOUTH SUDAN        
  By: Justin Ambago Ramba .   August 8, 2017, For all practical purposes, the issues of war and Peace in South Sudan only came to take a foreign policy priority position when the USA administration under William F Clinton, found itself face to face with what became known in the West as the new wave...
          Back to full scale of civil war S. Sudan opposition forces warn civilians within military barracks        
August 8, 2017 (JUBA) – A senior rebel commander allied to South Sudan’s armed opposition leader and former First-Vice President Riek Machar has urged civilians living within military barracks to relocate.Lt. Gen. James Koang Chuol, in Unity state 25 February, 2013 (ST)Lt. Gen James Koang Chuol, the rebels’ deputy chief of staff for administration and...
          Cargos de conciencia ( Final )        

Rosana está terminando de arreglar la cocina.
- Acabo enseguida. -dice al verme apoyado en el quicio de la puerta. Es una mujer fuerte, que ha sabido sobre ponerse a todo lo ocurrido sacando a su hijo adelante. -Marco nunca supo la suerte que tuvo al casarse con ella, lástima que no lo aprovechara.- pienso con una sonrisa picara. Mientras me acerco y la rodeo por la cintura.
-Espera un momento, -pide. Intentando hacerme a un lado, aunque sin mucho empeño.
-No me apetece esperar. –respondo en un susurro. Mientras empiezo a besarla y levantándola en brazos la llevo al dormitorio
Son más de las cinco cuando salgo del Bazar. Como siempre después de estas placenteras visitas, no puedo evitar sentirme culpable. Aunque tampoco se muy bien por qué. Quizás nunca debí liarme con Rosana. En cierta forma es como enredar aún más la madeja de un juego peligroso. Aun que ella siempre ha tenido muy claro que fue Marco quien destruyó su matrimonio. Obligándola a pasar un autentico calvario hasta lograr rehacer su vida. Mi ayuda le resultó vital para salir adelante y me está agradecida. Pero la verdad es que nunca esperé recibir nada a cambio, conozco a Rosana desde que éramos pequeños. Para mi echarla una mano no era sino una prueba de amistad. Luego lo uno trajo lo otro y en esas estamos. Nuestra actual relación es algo surgido de improvisto. No hay pues ninguna obligación del uno respecto al otro. Aquello es sin duda lo mejor, el tiempo ya se encargará de poner a cada cual en su sitio. De momento nos limitamos a disfrutar apasionadamente de estos encuentros esporádicos. Me digo repitiéndome la excusa a la que siepre recurro cuando pienso en todo esto.  

“Ultramarinos Baza" es probablemente la tienda más selecta da la ciudad. En ella uno puede encontrar la mejor selección de vinos, onservas y fiambres disponibles en el mercado. El señor Antonio su propietario, cuida personalmente la selección de los productos que se ofrecen a la clientela. Pues como no se cansa de repetir, esa es una de las claves de su éxito. Hoy lo encuentro muy atareado en el almacén clasificando una partida de conservas, que acaba de recibir.
- ¿Todo en orden?, -pregunto al verle repasar atentamente los albaranes de entrega.
- De momento si, aunque nunca se sabe, los repartidores pueden jugártela en cuanto te descuides, -responde con una sonrisa ladina. El verano anterior un repartidor de la casa, un tanto  listillo lo estuvo trayendo de cabeza durante unas semanas. Fingiendo una docena de pequeños accidentes en los que igual se perdían medía docena de botellas de vino. Que unos cuantos tarros de salazones o un par de garrafas de aceite de oliva. La selecta mercancía aparecía poco después en la trastienda de un barucho de mala muerte. Donde el fulano la revendía a precio de ganga a unos amigotes de paladar fino. Poco predispuestos a rascarse el bolsillo frente a la caja registradora del ultramarino. Don Antonio no pudo recuperar la mercancía ni el perjuicio económico ocasionado. Pero antes de romperle las piernas y los brazos el repartidor tuvo a bien firmar su renuncia al puesto de trabajo sin derecho a ningún tipo de remuneración.
- Acabo enseguida si no le importa –Dice Don Antonio señalado unas cajas que tiene a su lado. 
-Tranquilo estaré en su despacho.
Dos minutos después se reúne conmigo. Me gusta hablar con Don Antonio y él lo sabe. Siempre anda contando chismes y uno se divierte escuchándole. Como suele decir su comportamiento es digno de una tendera que siempre está al tanto de lo que ocurre en el barrio. Pues poco importa que su clientela sea de lo más selecto de la ciudad. Al final acaban comadreando igual que verdaderas marujas. Con lo cual cada vez que vengo, Don Antonio tiene alguna nueva historia que contarme. Es increíble de las cosas que uno acaba enterándose si sabe a donde acudir. En está ocasión veinte minutos de charla resultan de lo más interesantes.
Cuando salgo del ultramarino enfilo la calle de Correos. En donde procuro entretenerme lo justo haciendo otra media docena de visitas, en el mismo tiempo que he pasado charlando con Don Antonio. De esta forma doy por concluida mi ronda, ya puedo ocuparme de resolver el asunto del que me habló Pietro. Pero antes vuelvo a echar mano de los alkazelzer, este trabajo va a acabar conmigo. Bruno Correa es un individuo acostumbrado a moverse en situaciones de este tipo. Andar siempre a salto de mata metido hasta las orejas en problemas de toda índole, es para el cosa hecha. Así que como suponía no va a resultar fácil dar con el. En " La taberna. Del Condotiero ", donde últimamente era asiduo, nadie sabe nada de el. Por la cara que pone el dueño cuando pregunto no me extrañaría que también le deba dinero. Lo único que averiguo es que se le ha visto en un par de ocasiones con el estanquero de " Orzama”.
"Orzama" es una pequeña plazoleta enclavada a espaldas de la Catedral. Allí  convergen un entramado de angostas callejuelas en las que se congregan las putas, chulos y transexuales de más baja estofa. Sin duda el lugar ideal para dar cobijo a alguien como Correa. El estanco ya está cerrado, pero a su propietario lo encuentro cerca de allí. Intentando cerrar el trato con un pintarrajeado putón verbenero, al que sobran por igual kilos y arrugas. Mi interrupción no puede ser más inoportuna. Pero la mujer parece olerse el asunto y desaparece rápidamente, de mostrando saber perfectamente cuando conviene salir de en medio. El estanquero, un tipo flaco y enjuto de mirada libidinosa intenta hacerse el sueco, y trata de aparentar no saber nada de Correa. Tengo muy claro que miente y que a nuestro alrededor todo el mudo nos mira. Aunque jamás lo admitirían bajo ninguna circunstancia. Este es un mundo peligroso donde cada uno tira de su propio carro. De un empujón lanzo a aquel alfeñique contra la pared, con la que se golpea violentamente antes de caer enrollado en la acera. Donde empieza a chillar como un loco, está  aterrorizado, pero enmudece cuando le pateo un poco las costillas. Ahora ya está preparado para colaborar. Confiesa que es un pervertido al que Correa ha estado facilitando chicas con las que organizar grandes orgías en compañía de unos amigos. No sabe nada de timbas ni apuestas, asegura en tono lastimero. Lo suyo son las putas los travestís y los juegos eróticos. Hace casi dos semanas que no ve a Correa, perjura con la respiración entrecortada por la presión de mi pie sobre su garganta. Su rostro congestionado esta empezando a ponerse morado, no creo que mienta. Antes de irme le arreo un par de patadas más para que aprenda. Ahora ya sé como dar con mi escurridizo objetivo.
Petra e Iris, las pupilas de Correa, comparten una esquina con bastante transito. Al igual que el resto de las mujeres que pululan por estas calles no son nada del otro mundo. La primera tiene aspecto sudamericano y su prominente delantera queda compensada con una figura entrada en carnes. La otra bastante más alta, lleva el pelo teñido de un rubio chillón y al contrario que su compañera en su espigada silueta si se echan en falta algunas curvas que la hagan más atractiva Figuras anodinas que malviven como pueden sin esperanza de salir de este agujero.
El estanquero me ha informado de que Correa vigila a sus chicas de cerca. Sólo tengo que aguardar a que se presente, es la forma más segura de dar con el. Durante casi dos horas las observo desde un portal. Sin hacerme notar entre la gente que va y viene de un lado para otro. Obreros en busca de diversión, grupos de jóvenes curiosos, borrachos, mirones, parejas unidas temporalmente por una cantidad de dinero. La actividad que se palpa en las calles es sorprendente. No hay formulismos ni inhibiciones todo el mundo sabe cual es su papel en este lugar. Petra se muestra más productiva que Iris, quien solo se ocupa con un cliente en todo este rato. A estas alturas ya tengo claro que mis sospechas iniciales son ciertas y esta falsa rubia está más colgada que un murciélago. No creo que Correa aguante mucho tiempo a una yonki desahuciada. Aunque tampoco hay mucho más donde elegir en este inframundo. Empiezo a estar harto de todo esto y me planteo la posibilidad de largarme. Pero al final mi promesa a Pietro se impone y me obligo a seguir aguardando recostado contra la pared. Tengo los nervios crispados y la boca amarga a causa de la acidez.
A las nueve cuando mi paciencia se halla al limite se presenta mi presa, ya temía que no viniera. Correa trae cara de pocos amigos. Tal vez el estanquero le haya puesto sobre aviso, aunque no parece nervioso En la esquina Petra le recibe con un abrazo de lo más provocativo. Al que el responde con algunas cariñosas palmaditas en el trasero. Después busca a Iris con la mirada. Desde mi posición imagino que Petra lo esta poniendo al corriente de la situación. Mientras el cuenta el dinero que ella le acaba de entregar. Al parecer Petra goza de cierta fama entre la clientela, lleva media docena de clientes desde que he llegado. Su protector la premia con un magreo y algo de dinero que le introduce en el escote con un gesto lascivo, buena chica. Iris aparece en ese momento, solo ha dejado la esquina en dos breves ocasiones. Correa no parece muy contento y la reprende con aspavientos a los que ella estúpidamente intenta responder de igual forma. Ganándose un certero gancho al estomago que la pone de rodillas. Tirándola del pelo él la levanta y la sujeta por el cuello mientras la grita desaforadamente. En este lugar aquella acción se repite con brutal regularidad un día si y otro también. Sin que nadie le presta la más mínima atención. Unos metros más allá ajena todo, Petra trata con un nuevo cliente. Después de darle su merecido a su díscola protegida. Correa se dirige a un destartalado almacén no lejos de allí. Procurando que no me descubra y rogando para que no decida coger un coche, le sigo. Es un tipo peligroso, Pietro me  ha advertido que me ande muy atento. Por lo que estoy viendo, voy a tener que emplearme a fondo. Correa ya ha demostrado que no es de los que vuelven al redil con una simple advertencia. Por fortuna hay suerte, no tarda en abandonar el almacén. Acompañado por otro sujeto de aspecto patibulario, con el que conversa animadamente. No puedo seguir persiguiéndoles toda la noche, pronto tendré que actuar, en alguna parte un reloj da las diez.
Correa y su amigo llegan hasta la pensión Montecatini. El aspecto del destartalado caserón me recuerda a " La Dolce Vita “. Para entrar utilizan una puerta lateral,  que da a un lóbrego callejón. No se que se traerán entre manos pero aquel se me antoja un sitio perfecto para mis fines. Pienso preparando la porra que siempre llevo con migo, el corazón me palpita desenfrenadamente y me sudan las manos. Furioso y contrariado tengo ganas de solucionar todo esto cuanto antes.
Correa y el otro  tipo vuelven a salir cuando apenas si he tenido tiempo de ocultarme entre las sombras. Van riéndose de algo, parecen muy contentos ajenos a mí presencia, hasta que es demasiado tarde para ellos. Mi primer golpe alcanza al desconocido en la nuca derribándolo fulminado. Maldiciendo, Correa logra zafarse de mi segunda acometida y retrocede trastabillando hasta la pared. Desde donde me lanza una mirada cargada de ira. Si realmente no estaba al tanto de mi interés por encontrarle, no parece demasiado sorprendido de verme.
- Creía haber sido lo bastante claro. Te dije que no quería volver a verte, que aquí no había sitio para ti, sobras. Solo tenías que saldar tus deudas y esfumarte en busca de una pocilga más apropia de la gente de tu ralea. Era un mensaje sencillo, fácil de entender hasta para alguien tan estúpido como has demostrado ser.- dije recordando nuestro último encuentro.
- Cabrón- escupe. Lanzado una rápida mirada hacia su compinche tendido en el suelo. Le he desnucado, no causara más problemas. – Veremos quien sobra.- brama. Intentando separarse de la pared que le cierra el paso a su espalda. Los tipos como el están curtidos en peleas callejeras, esta situación no le gusta se sabe en desventaja. Con un rápido movimiento una navaja aparece en su diestra, y con los ojos inyectados de sangre avanza decidido a rajarme. Nuevamente intento reducirle pero elude mis golpes y se defiende con fieras puntadas al aire. En una de estas apunto está de alcanzarme, pero soy más rápido y le desarmo de una patada. Al tiempo que sin darle tiempo a reaccionar le derribo de un porrazo en la boca. Yo también se lo que es pelear en la calle, no hay cuartel. Sujetándose la mandíbula rota rueda por el suelo mientras sigo golpeándolo con saña hasta que queda inerte. Mis ruidosos jadeos resuenan lúgubremente en el oscuro callejón, pero no me preocupa. No hay testigos, en estos lugares nunca los hay, es malo para la salud. Apoyándome en la pared intento normalizar un poco mi agitada respiración, estoy exhausto y sudo como un cerdo. Mi mano sujeta férreamente con determinación la porra ensangrentada, mientras intento con tener las ganas de vomitar. He de salir de aquí, la sangre de Correa empieza a formar un charco bajo su desfigurada cabeza, y el denso olor dulzón invade el ambiente tornándolo irrespirable.
La iglesia da San Donato permanece aún abierta y una docena de feligresas rezan devotamente, repartidas por los primeros bancos. Tras santiguarme respetuosamente, avanzo por uno de los pasillos laterales hacia el confesionario. Al verme llegar dos ancianas que aguardan su turno me observan detenidamente. El estomago sigue martirizándome y tentado estoy de recurrir al alkazelzer. Hoy ha sido uno de esos días para olvidar. Pienso recordando los dos cadáveres del callejón. Pero es la única forma de ganarse el respeto. No sé donde íbamos a llegar, esta gente no entiende sino es a golpes. Por suerte esto va rápido, la segunda anciana se dirige al confesionario, soy el siguiente. Lentamente empiezo a rezar para tener la mente ocupada en algo constructivo, pero no resulta fácil. Mis pensamientos se remiten inevitablemente a Correa y a su acompañante. La gente de esta calaña suelen acabar siempre así, pero no es nada agradable. El confesionario queda vacío, ya era hora. Con las piernas temblando me dirijo hacia el y me arrodillo frente a la oscura rejilla. Nunca se como empezar, pero Don Alberto el párroco me reconoce y me ayuda. Poco a poco voy confesando todas las culpas que me afligen. El día ha dado para mucho, chantajes, robo, violencia, sexo. Cuando parece que me embarullo, Don Alberto me anima a continuar sin prisas. La. reflexión me hace sentir mejor. Paulatinamente voy ganando confianza en mi mismo, mientras me relajo. Cuando termino Don Alberto me impone una piadosa penitencia y me da su perdón. Sinceramente agradecido y más tranquilo dejo el confesionario. La iglesia va quedándose vacía mientras rezo fervientemente para expiar mis pecados. Cuando termino mis oraciones, ya sólo queda luz en el altar. Puesto en pie me santiguo y me dirijo hacia el cepillo. Don Alberto sale en ese momento de la sacristía para ver si aún queda alguien. Nuestras miradas se cruzan y asiente comprensivo. Ladino finge mirar a otra parte mientras deposito mi donativo en la desgastada caja de madera. Así que acabo añadiendo un par de billetes más a los que tenía previsto dejar en principio. Entonces se acerca para saludarme atentamente. Habla reposadamente en un tono amistoso que transmite seguridad. Intercambiamos unas frases triviales mientras me acompaña a la puerta. Son más de las once de la noche, hora de irse a casa me noto realmente cansado. Le prometo asistir a misa el domingo, antes da besarle la mano agradecido, por sus bendiciones. Cuando salgo a la calle y cierra la puerta a mi espalda, me encuentro realmente relajado. Libre del peso de la culpa, me siento que estoy en paz conmigo mismo y con Dios que es lo más importante. Es una suerte esto de ser tan devoto uno puede sentirse atormentado por las culpas y por sus actos. Pero basta una sincera confesión de arrepentimiento junto con el propósito de enmienda. Para que cualquier tipo de pecado por reprobable que sea pueda quedar redimido. 

          North Korea Condemns Latest Sanctions        
Chinese and North Korean foreign ministers meet at an Asia-Pacific summit in Manila, where the US Secretary of State is seeking support for greater isolation of North Korea. Also in the programme: government troops in South Sudan take control of rebel HQ, and the Russian athletes competing as "authorised neutrals" at the World Championships in London. Photo: North Korea launches an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile in August 2017; Credit: KCNA via AFP
          Slow-Cooked Sorghum With Turkey Sausage        
Slow Cooked Sorghum with Turkey Sausage - Finished
I have a pantry full of strange grains Bob’s Red Mill sent me last year and every once in a while I get an itch to experiment. This time it was the bag of sorghum that caught my eye. According to the Whole Grains Counsel: Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain and was collected 8,000 years ago in southern Egypt, in a place called Nabta Playa. Sorghum was domesticated in Ethiopia and Sudan and from there moved throughout all of Africa, [...]
          Richard P. Stevens        

A number of high profile Americans have worked to improve life for Africans. Among them are Angelina Jolie, Brad Pitt, George Clooney, and Oprah Winfrey. Their generosity has received plenty of attention by news organizations. By contrast, Americans who are not celebrities but have undertaken humanitarian projects in Africa and elsewhere have done so with little fanfare. One example is philosopher Robert Paul Wolff. In 1990 he established University Scholarships for South African Students, a foundation which has helped over twelve hundred young Africans earn college degrees. Another example is close to home – Richard P. Stevens of New Castle, Pennsylvania. (1)

Born in June 1931, Stevens followed World War II via maps of the world which he collected. As he learned about distant places, he vowed to visit them when he was older. He listened intently to the radio as Edward R. Murrow reported from London on the war. In high school he organized a group which he called the Junior Defense Army to recycle materials for the war.

Early on, this curious and perceptive child also detected flaws in American society linked to race. He observed that there were no people of color in his church, his neighborhood, or his grade school, that his parish priest never addressed racial discrimination from the pulpit, and that a local hotel and the cafeteria of the local YMCA were off limits to blacks. He also found it odd that his parish would support missions to spread Catholicism among people of color thousands of miles away but not at home. (2) All of this prompted Stevens to set his mission in life – to help people of color near and far.

After completing a doctorate in history at Georgetown University, Stevens accepted a faculty position at Lincoln University in southeastern Pennsylvania. Lincoln is a historically black institution whose graduates include writer Langston Hughes and Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. He soon took the first of a series of leaves from Lincoln to teach in Africa at half his Lincoln salary. (3) In Africa he saw apartheid first hand and joined efforts to abolish it at considerable personal risk. He also met thousands of young people in his classes and during his extensive travel across the continent. He helped scores of students complete their education in Africa, secure employment, enroll in graduate programs in Europe and America, or take up permanent residence in the United States. His extended family of beneficiaries includes college presidents, corporate executives, entrepreneurs, university professors, ambassadors, cabinet ministers, and an attorney general. Stevens continues to open his house to former students and their families for short or long stays.

Over the years Stevens became so knowledgeable about Africa that the U.S. State Department and the Congress sought his counsel. He returned to Africa many times, including a stint as a visiting professor in the Sudan where he strove to substitute critical thinking for rote memorization of the Koran by his Muslim students. (4)

Today Richard Stevens, humanitarian and globetrotter, lives in Chevy Chase, Maryland, where he shares a house with a family from the Sudan. Few people of any race can match his record of service and dedication to people of color.


  1. The main source of information for this commentary is Richard P. Stevens, A Journey Into The World: Reflections of An Itinerant Professor, iUniverse, 2010.
  2. Stevens also wondered why during the war our government locked up Japanese Americans but not Italian Americans or German Americans.
  3. When Stevens informed his fiancée of his plans, she broke off the engagement.
  4. Africa was not the only focus of Stevens' attention. He spent over a year helping to launch a new university in Kuwait and assisting young people in Central and South America to pursue higher education in the United States. After seeing the impact of drug cartels during his many visits south of the border, Stevens concluded regrettably that the only solution to crime, corruption, and political instability there lay in the legalization of drugs in the United States.

© 2011 Tom Shipka


          semi di contemplazione        

" Sai com'è? I comunisti vivono male, te lo dico io, perché sono invidiosi."
tra il tintinnare di bicchieri e forchette, rimasugli di pizza, mentre il cameriere svolazza servizievole ad offrire dei freschissimi cannoli siciliani, che lorsignori nemmeno mangeranno, si levano leggere queste conversazioni
"Se io vincessi, ad esempio, duemila euro al giorno con le lotterie, quanto fa? Sessantamila, ecco, non li dichiarerei e mi verrebbero a controllare, non ho fatto niente di male..."
la camicia azzurra tira un po' sulla pancia, cinquant'anni penso portati bene, capello grigio medio/lungo, e scarpe sportive
"L'anno scorso, quando facevo l'elettrostimolazione, le mie gambe erano toniche da morire"
mormorano le signore, che non sudano, esalano profumi come piante tropicali dietro il loro trucco inattacabile. hanno dei figli, uno piccolo, nel passeggino, sono amorevoli, accondiscendenti, liberali, perfino kitsch come zuppiere di ceramica.

può succedere, è successo. pensavo che qualcuno avesse dimenticato la televisione accesa.
il mio piatto di scamorza ai ferri diventa quasi insapore. misuro a passi mentali le distanze, l'assenza di un varco per comunicare
tra una pagina di Barthes, una poesia di Montale
il sogno di una cosa e l'evasione fiscale...

non ci si sente migliori. ci si sente soli e preoccupati.
(i cannoli li ho avuti anche io, ma li ho dovuti chiedere)

"tutto concorre alla grande opera borghese di ridurre, alla fine, l'essere a un avere, l'oggetto a una cosa"
Roland Barthes
, Miti d'oggi (Mythologies), p. 156
          Komentar di 717 Mahasiswa STKIP Bima Diwisuda oleh Gufran        
Jangan Hanya Gelombang Pertamanya Aja To Yang Diupdet Untuk Info Wisudanya
          Sudan’da Japan Tobacco Fabrikası konteyner şantiye kompleksini tamamladık.        
Japon devi JTI (Japan Tobacco)’nun Sudan’da kurduğu fabrikasının otomosyon sistemi kurulumunda kullanacağı konteyner işçi şantiye kompleksini tamamlayarak teslim ettik
          READING COMPREHENSION        

1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.

  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE


            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?

6. Authoritarian regime


            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?

7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?


10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
                                        1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.


  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?
6. Authoritarian regime

            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?
7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?
  
10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
        
              1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.



Appear with sharp uniform, neat and tidy. Use mouth freshness if requited. Be short and precise with answer. choose answer  in what you are trained and familiar with a and not watt you like or dislike unless asked to do so.Be confident on your persons. Always be polite and salute the interviewer. Wait to be asked sit down etc. He/ she likely to ask your question about your post in the police force so be clear about it. They may ask about your family your interests and other question. It is important you have normal eye contact with the interviewer. Do not look around when being asked question be direct but do no stare. If you are asked question that requited dates do not use Nepali dates to state information. Try with most questions follow the question up with a little more formation but not too much.

May I know your name, Please? Your name, please? or could you please tell me your name ?

Well, I am ……………

Is that is a common name in Nepal ?

Yes it is.

What does your name mean ?

Well the name refers to the son of god/ symbol of love according to our Hindu Mythology/ Nepalese culture.

And your family name is .............l isn't it ?

Yes it is,

Where Are you form ? Which part of Nepal are you from? Which part of Nepal do you belong to?

I am from  Dhading District, the central region of Nepal

Where are you born ?

I was born in central part or Nepal.

Where did you do your schooling ?

Well, I did my schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School in Dhading.

In which Year did you finish your SLC?

I finished my SLC in the year 1999 or It was the year 1999 when I finished my SLC.
           
            What is your academic qualification ?

I have passed Master level in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal.


How far is your home from the capital city?

It is nearly 100 kms far from the capital city

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel to my hometown 110 kms by bus and 5 kms on foot. It take 6 hours to reach there.

How developed is your village?

My village is not very developed. There is one Secondary School but there are one 6 Primary schools, one Post Office and 6 Health Clinics. A pitch road that connect to the district headquarters was built with public participation. Clean drinking water supply is also available there now. However, there is electric distributed in my village.

Are you married ?

Yes I am / No I am

How long have you been married ?

No, I haven't got married or It has been almost 3 years now?

Describe to me what your home is like.

My house is small. It is made of rocks, mud, wood, and tin. It is two storied and four rooms. It is a typical Nepali house.

Tell me about your journey from your home country to the mission

I am sorry. I haven't had the opportunity to go on a mission.

Tell me where do you go for holidays and what do you do when you get there ?

I go to Pokhara, When I get there, I go on boating, paragliding and sightseeing. 

Tell me the happiest day of your life?

The happiest day of my life is when I Passed SLC in First Division

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel my hometown 6 hours by bus and 2 hours in foot  and it takes nearly 8 hours to rich there.

Was it love marriage or arranged marriage ?

It was arranged marriage./It was love marriage.

Why did you prefer arranged marriage?

Sir in an arranged marriage there is timely understanding and it is traditionally recognized, that is why I prefer arranged marriage as most Nepalese's do.

What does your spouse do ?

She is a Teacher.

Have you got any children? Do you have any children?

Yes. I have a Daughter. She is four years old.

Have you got any brother or sister?

I have 4 brother and two sisters.

What do they do ?

Well, my brother have various jobs and sisters have already married.

What does your father do ?

My father is farmer.

By the way, what do you do during your leisure ?

well, I usually spend my leisure by reading books newspaper, listening to my favorite music and playing some games.

What games do you do ?

Normally play football and Table tennis.

Could you tell me something about yourself? Would you give me your introduction please?

Well, I am ................ I com From Dhading, the Central Part of Nepal. I am 30 Years Old and am marred. I have a child, a daughter. I have been in the Police Service for 10 years now.   

Why do you want to participate in the mission ?

The Armed Police Force (APF) are working as peacekeepers  in many countries, It is a pride for us to participate in different conflict areas as a peacekeeper. Our organization has trained us and if we get the opportunity we could contribute our services according to the United nation Nations mandate. It is a very prestigious opportunity to participate in peacekeeping mission. It would also be an opportunity for me to earn some income family whilst experiencing a new environment.

How did the Darfur conflict starts?

It all started when Omar al-Bashir came in to Darfur and tried to take control presidency. Omar was a dictator and of course the people in Darfur didn't like it so they took control in their hands and fought back against him. Omar then brought in his own rebels to attack. Once he got total control everything started going downhill for people in Darfur.

What does the UN do in Darfur?

UN peace keepers have been sent to keep peace between the Darfurians (who have done nothing) and the Janjaweed (hired by the Sudanese Government to exterminate the Darfurians) they only problems there is what the UN peacekeepers cannot fire their weapons unless being fired upon. Since it is the Darfurians who are shot at and killed  there is no a lot peace keepers con do. They can only help to protect the people of Darfur.

Where is Darfur ?

Darfur is a reason in Western Sudan (formerly a independent sultanate) approximately the size of France. The population in Darfur is 8.5 million peoples of which 2.5 million had to relocate.

Tell me something about you and your job experience? ( as sample reply)

 I was born in Dhading District of Nepal . It is around 110 ksm far  from Kathmandu. I did schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School. I have passed Master Degree in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal. I was join in APF in 2004 as Assistant Sub Inspector and I promoted in Sub Inspector in 2007. Now I am working in APF Head Quarters. .....................

What is the condition of human rights in your country ?

 I think it is better than previously because when the king was ruling this country people had limited opportunity and during the Maoist conflict there were a lot of case of human rights violation recorded by both sides. The situation now is quite different now all the political parties are in the process of making a new constitution and they are aware of people's rights.

What is community policing ?

Community Policing is basically working at close hand/ close to/ with the community in an effort to built up trust and relationships. This in turn may help with information you are able to recover from local people but is not the main reason. The main reason in to try to maintain peaceful to existence between the local people and the UN forces.
            Community policing or neighborhood  policing is policing strategy and philosophy based in the notion that community interaction and support can help control crime and reduce fear. With community members helping to identify suspects. Detain vandals and bring problems to the attention of police. community policing philosophy that promotes organizational strategies support the systematic use of partnership and problems solving techniques which proactively address the immediate condition that give rise to public safety issues such as crime social disorder and fear of crime.

Community Policing consists of three key components; What are community partnerships ?

Collaborative partnerships between the low enforcement agency and the individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police. These partnership are forged in conjunction with other government agencies community members and groups. Human and social providers,  private business and the media.

What is Organization Transformation ?

The alignment of a law enforcement agency's organization management practices. Structure, personal and information system to support community partnerships and proactive problem solving. Police Departments engaged in effective community policing seek to transform their  organization culture. Leadership and management structure, labor, relations, strategic, planning process, how they evaluate performance, the transparency of their operations, the geographic assignment of officers, the alignment of their fiscal resources, recruitment and hiring practices, training and information gathering system. The objective of these changes is to create an organization infrastructures that can best support proactive operations intended to prevent crime. Traditional law enforcement practices are reactive and emphasize measure such as response times. Arrest rates, and other rote responses to crime. Community policing theory encourages police to proactively solve community problems and address the factors that contributes to crime rather than how contribute to the reduction crime. Though this transformation theoretically reflect the background of American policing  and contributes to he reduction in crime. The transformation was often awkward, especially in the 1980 and 90s when many department saw it as diminishing their authority and opportunity to work independently. It required, fundamentally, a shift from police departments, particularly big-city police departments seeing "Law enforcement" as a mission to seeing it as tool in public safety.
Problem Solving: The process of engaging in the proactive and systematic examination of identified problems to developed and rigorously evaluate effective responses. Community policing requires police to become proficient in what known as the SARC model of problem solving, Scanning, identifying and prioritizing problems. Analysis researching what is known about the problems. Response : Developing solutions to bring about lasting reductions in the number and extent of problems. Assessment: Evaluating the access of the responses. It is extremely important that the police officer encourages their citizens to get out there and get involved. When officers are stating up neighborhood watches of gibing a town meeting about community policing they need  get the citizen fired about helping. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. The police department need to create special bureaus or divisions with staff responsibility and fulltime personnel to coordinate the community relations activities of the department. This means that the departments need to have a staff that the develops activities that will keep the public busy and interested in community policing. These activities can be anything from setting up a baseball game with either citizen against officers of mixture of each on each team to just social gatherings where citizens and police get together perhaps once a month and just mingle. This is a way that the citizens can get to know the police officers in their community and also make friends with them as well as one that con either strike the interest of the citizens that are not already involved in community policing depends greatly on being able to balance the power between police officers and citizens and officers. The police must listen to their citizens and take in to consideration their ideas and solution when they are deciding upon what to do with problems that come up. In order to keep the citizens involved and with helping them the officers need to word with the people and no listen to them idly then come up with their own solutions f what they are going to do. The power must be proven to equal when community policing is considered. or  Community policing is policing for the people in partnership with the people where policing act as co-coordinator and manager in the community. It is a proactive police management. It provides door to door service to the people. It is based on decentralization of power and good governance. The basic idea is to create bonds of trust and reliance between police and public.

What are you doing at the moment ?

I am working at my office. I am a police radio operator so I work at administration  section as a computer operator.

What is gender equality ?

Every human being is divided into masculine and feminine gender by birth. In the Nepalese society, there is no equality between tow genders, Females are dominated by males. Wives are beaten by their husbands. There is no practical rule in such domestic violence. Government should think about the gender equality especially on their work. In my opinion, there is clearly written about gender equality in the interim constitution of Nepal but we don't get its proper implementation in the practical because of illiteracy, traditional Nepalese Culture and su
          Idea for Interview preparation for UN SAAT Examination        
Appear with sharp uniform, neat and tidy. Use mouth freshness if requited. Be short and precise with answer. choose answer  in what you are trained and familiar with a and not watt you like or dislike unless asked to do so.Be confident on your persons. Always be polite and salute the interviewer. Wait to be asked sit down etc. He/ she likely to ask your question about your post in the police force so be clear about it. They may ask about your family your interests and other question. It is important you have normal eye contact with the interviewer. Do not look around when being asked question be direct but do no stare. If you are asked question that requited dates do not use Nepali dates to state information. Try with most questions follow the question up with a little more formation but not too much.

May I know your name, Please? Your name, please? or could you please tell me your name ?

Well, I am ……………

Is that is a common name in Nepal ?

Yes it is.

What does your name mean ?

Well the name refers to the son of god/ symbol of love according to our Hindu Mythology/ Nepalese culture.

And your family name is .............l isn't it ?

Yes it is,

Where Are you form ? Which part of Nepal are you from? Which part of Nepal do you belong to?

I am from  Dhading District, the central region of Nepal

Where are you born ?

I was born in central part or Nepal.

Where did you do your schooling ?

Well, I did my schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School in Dhading.

In which Year did you finish your SLC?

I finished my SLC in the year 1999 or It was the year 1999 when I finished my SLC.
           
            What is your academic qualification ?

I have passed Master level in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal.


How far is your home from the capital city?

It is nearly 100 kms far from the capital city

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel to my hometown 110 kms by bus and 5 kms on foot. It take 6 hours to reach there.

How developed is your village?

My village is not very developed. There is one Secondary School but there are one 6 Primary schools, one Post Office and 6 Health Clinics. A pitch road that connect to the district headquarters was built with public participation. Clean drinking water supply is also available there now. However, there is electric distributed in my village.

Are you married ?

Yes I am / No I am

How long have you been married ?

No, I haven't got married or It has been almost 3 years now?

Describe to me what your home is like.

My house is small. It is made of rocks, mud, wood, and tin. It is two storied and four rooms. It is a typical Nepali house.

Tell me about your journey from your home country to the mission

I am sorry. I haven't had the opportunity to go on a mission.

Tell me where do you go for holidays and what do you do when you get there ?

I go to Pokhara, When I get there, I go on boating, paragliding and sightseeing. 

Tell me the happiest day of your life?

The happiest day of my life is when I Passed SLC in First Division

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel my hometown 6 hours by bus and 2 hours in foot  and it takes nearly 8 hours to rich there.

Was it love marriage or arranged marriage ?

It was arranged marriage./It was love marriage.

Why did you prefer arranged marriage?

Sir in an arranged marriage there is timely understanding and it is traditionally recognized, that is why I prefer arranged marriage as most Nepalese's do.

What does your spouse do ?

She is a Teacher.

Have you got any children? Do you have any children?

Yes. I have a Daughter. She is four years old.

Have you got any brother or sister?

I have 4 brother and two sisters.

What do they do ?

Well, my brother have various jobs and sisters have already married.

What does your father do ?

My father is farmer.

By the way, what do you do during your leisure ?

well, I usually spend my leisure by reading books newspaper, listening to my favorite music and playing some games.

What games do you do ?

Normally play football and Table tennis.

Could you tell me something about yourself? Would you give me your introduction please?

Well, I am ................ I com From Dhading, the Central Part of Nepal. I am 30 Years Old and am marred. I have a child, a daughter. I have been in the Police Service for 10 years now.   

Why do you want to participate in the mission ?

The Armed Police Force (APF) are working as peacekeepers  in many countries, It is a pride for us to participate in different conflict areas as a peacekeeper. Our organization has trained us and if we get the opportunity we could contribute our services according to the United nation Nations mandate. It is a very prestigious opportunity to participate in peacekeeping mission. It would also be an opportunity for me to earn some income family whilst experiencing a new environment.

How did the Darfur conflict starts?

It all started when Omar al-Bashir came in to Darfur and tried to take control presidency. Omar was a dictator and of course the people in Darfur didn't like it so they took control in their hands and fought back against him. Omar then brought in his own rebels to attack. Once he got total control everything started going downhill for people in Darfur.

What does the UN do in Darfur?
UN peace keepers have been sent to keep peace between the Darfurians (who have done nothing) and the Janjaweed (hired by the Sudanese Government to exterminate the Darfurians) they only problems there is what the UN peacekeepers cannot fire their weapons unless being fired upon. Since it is the Darfurians who are shot at and killed  there is no a lot peace keepers con do. They can only help to protect the people of Darfur.

Where is Darfur ?

Darfur is a reason in Western Sudan (formerly a independent sultanate) approximately the size of France. The population in Darfur is 8.5 million peoples of which 2.5 million had to relocate.

Tell me something about you and your job experience? ( as sample reply)

 I was born in Dhading District of Nepal . It is around 110 ksm far  from Kathmandu. I did schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School. I have passed Master Degree in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal. I was join in APF in 2004 as Assistant Sub Inspector and I promoted in Sub Inspector in 2007. Now I am working in APF Head Quarters. .....................

What is the condition of human rights in your country ?

 I think it is better than previously because when the king was ruling this country people had limited opportunity and during the Maoist conflict there were a lot of case of human rights violation recorded by both sides. The situation now is quite different now all the political parties are in the process of making a new constitution and they are aware of people's rights.

What is community policing ?

Community Policing is basically working at close hand/ close to/ with the community in an effort to built up trust and relationships. This in turn may help with information you are able to recover from local people but is not the main reason. The main reason in to try to maintain peaceful to existence between the local people and the UN forces.
            Community policing or neighborhood  policing is policing strategy and philosophy based in the notion that community interaction and support can help control crime and reduce fear. With community members helping to identify suspects. Detain vandals and bring problems to the attention of police. community policing philosophy that promotes organizational strategies support the systematic use of partnership and problems solving techniques which proactively address the immediate condition that give rise to public safety issues such as crime social disorder and fear of crime.

Community Policing consists of three key components; What are community partnerships ?

Collaborative partnerships between the low enforcement agency and the individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police. These partnership are forged in conjunction with other government agencies community members and groups. Human and social providers,  private business and the media.

What is Organization Transformation ?

The alignment of a law enforcement agency's organization management practices. Structure, personal and information system to support community partnerships and proactive problem solving. Police Departments engaged in effective community policing seek to transform their  organization culture. Leadership and management structure, labor, relations, strategic, planning process, how they evaluate performance, the transparency of their operations, the geographic assignment of officers, the alignment of their fiscal resources, recruitment and hiring practices, training and information gathering system. The objective of these changes is to create an organization infrastructures that can best support proactive operations intended to prevent crime. Traditional law enforcement practices are reactive and emphasize measure such as response times. Arrest rates, and other rote responses to crime. Community policing theory encourages police to proactively solve community problems and address the factors that contributes to crime rather than how contribute to the reduction crime. Though this transformation theoretically reflect the background of American policing  and contributes to he reduction in crime. The transformation was often awkward, especially in the 1980 and 90s when many department saw it as diminishing their authority and opportunity to work independently. It required, fundamentally, a shift from police departments, particularly big-city police departments seeing "Law enforcement" as a mission to seeing it as tool in public safety.
Problem Solving: The process of engaging in the proactive and systematic examination of identified problems to developed and rigorously evaluate effective responses. Community policing requires police to become proficient in what known as the SARC model of problem solving, Scanning, identifying and prioritizing problems. Analysis researching what is known about the problems. Response : Developing solutions to bring about lasting reductions in the number and extent of problems. Assessment: Evaluating the access of the responses. It is extremely important that the police officer encourages their citizens to get out there and get involved. When officers are stating up neighborhood watches of gibing a town meeting about community policing they need  get the citizen fired about helping. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. The police department need to create special bureaus or divisions with staff responsibility and fulltime personnel to coordinate the community relations activities of the department. This means that the departments need to have a staff that the develops activities that will keep the public busy and interested in community policing. These activities can be anything from setting up a baseball game with either citizen against officers of mixture of each on each team to just social gatherings where citizens and police get together perhaps once a month and just mingle. This is a way that the citizens can get to know the police officers in their community and also make friends with them as well as one that con either strike the interest of the citizens that are not already involved in community policing depends greatly on being able to balance the power between police officers and citizens and officers. The police must listen to their citizens and take in to consideration their ideas and solution when they are deciding upon what to do with problems that come up. In order to keep the citizens involved and with helping them the officers need to word with the people and no listen to them idly then come up with their own solutions f what they are going to do. The power must be proven to equal when community policing is considered. or  Community policing is policing for the people in partnership with the people where policing act as co-coordinator and manager in the community. It is a proactive police management. It provides door to door service to the people. It is based on decentralization of power and good governance. The basic idea is to create bonds of trust and reliance between police and public.

What are you doing at the moment ?

I am working at my office. I am a police radio operator so I work at administration  section as a computer operator.

What is gender equality ?

Every human being is divided into masculine and feminine gender by birth. In the Nepalese society, there is no equality between tow genders, Females are dominated by males. Wives are beaten by their husbands. There is no practical rule in such domestic violence. Government should think about the gender equality especially on their work. In my opinion, there is clearly written about gender equality in the interim constitution of Nepal but we don't get its proper implementation in the practical because of illiteracy, traditional Nepalese Culture and superstition.

Here is too difficult to work, here is no any facilities, could you work here?

Of course sir, it is my great opportunity to get to work here. I work very hard so that I can adjust to manage to pick up some difficulties I am growing in poor family. So I can easily adjust there. If I am selected, I will do my best to perform all activities satisfactory.

How do you drive in the hilly area?

We must check break, accelerator, gears, fuel and other important part of the vehicle before driving in the hilly area. If all things are in good condition, then we can drive in the hilly area but speed should not be high. We have to be careful on the different traffic  signal and modes of the hilly roads. Our concentration must be focused on the driving.

What is intelligence?

Intelligence is a ability that explains the information analyzed and relevant information which is helpful in making decisions.
Process of  intelligence: Requirements, playing and direction, collection processing and exploitation, analysis and production and dissemination.

What do you know about crime investigation ?
      1.       Protect the crime scene.
      2.       Protect the physical evidence and sent for the laboratory test.
      3.       prepare the essential legal documents which are related to the crime.
      4.       Tress out the eyewitness or witness,
      5.       Take the written statement with witness.
      6.       Finally, we should refer the case to the related court in time.

What is UN peacekeeping Operation ?

The peace keeping operation means the military operations conducted in the area of conflict under the  command of UN.

What types of work you like to do or prefer? Why ?

I like to work in crime investigation information collection and community police because in my prepared field.

What is the role of VIVPOL in UN Peacekeeping operation ?

The verbal aim of UN peacekeeping operation is to maintain law and order in a particular area of conflict.
Roles :-
     
      a)       Election monitoring, Supervision and
      b)       Safeguarding of civilian individuals communities from the threat of use of      Protection of provision and supplies of humanitarian relief assiatance.
      c)       Monitoring human right practices, advising training and assisting local             people.
What do you do if you are selected in UN mission ?

Human rights is a natural, basic and fundamental right, which makes every individuals, enjoys his life freely without violating others right and freedom.

Tell me in your own words what you think is a human right violation ?

A human rights violation is an act, which causes severe suffering to people under pressure it's a brutal act.

What is the role of police for protection of the human rights ?

We know government is the most powerful body of the state. Police Organization is the important organ of the Government. It is the main part of the body of the government from the security point of view. It always tries to control crime and maintain law and order th
          Short Form        

    Day = s/m/t/we/th/f/sa
    Date= 8/7/9
    Month = jan/feb/mar/apr/mar/jun/jul
    Year = 99/98/00/01
    National Police
    K.P.S.=KOSOVO Police Station
    L.P.= Local Police
    P.S.N- 4 = police station n 4
    K.P.S.n 2= KOSOVO Police station n 2
    L.N.P.S.= Liberian National Police station
    P.P.S. =Pristina Police Station
    E.T.P.S= East Timor Police service/Station
    H.N.P.S.= Haitian National Police service/Station
    S.P.S = Sudan Police Station
    SNPS= Sudan National Police Station/service
    TLNOC= Timor leste Netional Operation center
    PNTL= Timor Leste National Police
    F-FDTL= Timor Liste Defense Force
    Inter National Police
    UNP.S.N.4 = UNPOL Station n 4
    CIV.S.N.  2 = CIVPOL Station n 2
    UNL.S.N.5 = UNMIL Station  n 5
    I PS.= International police Service
    IPTF= International Police Task Force
    UNMISS = United Nation Mission in south Sudan
    PKF= Peace Keeping Force
    Kfor-  Kosovo force
    UNMISET = United National Mission of support in     East Timor
    UNMIK= United National Mission in Kosovo
    UNAMID = United National African Mission in     Darfur
    Wit- witness
    Vic - victim
    Mal - male
    Fem – female
    Ano-Caller- Anonymous Caller (अज्ञात कलर)
    Rec - received
    Dis- dispatched
    Inf- inforemed
    Arr - arrived
    St- street
    GR -
    GN -
    GC -
    Color
    Bla/whi/gra/tan/gre/yel/mar/blu
d.o. – duty officer
s.c. – station commander
i.o – investigation officer
p.t – patrol team
t.l. team leader
p.u. – patrol unit
c. pol. – chief of police
f.b. – fire brigade
b.u. – back up unit
r.c. – regional commander
u.a.  un advisor
r.t. – rescue team
p.v. – patrol vehicle
p.c. – patrol car
c. s. – call sign
c.t. – cordon team
re.t. –reserve team
se. c. - section commander
d.c.p – deputy chief of police
q.r.t. – quick response team
imm - immediately
sud - suddenly
hrs - hours
amb - ambulance
veh - vehicle
pol . c – police commissioner
res – responded
Att – attended
B d t – bomb disposal team


          READING COMPREHENSION        



1.HATES CRIMES

The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.
Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes
The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.





1.    How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
2.    How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
3.    Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
4.    How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
5.    How many hate groups are there nationwide?
6.    What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
7.    How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
8.    Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
9.    What was the increase in hate groups last year?
10.    Who is Hillary Shelton?   


2.PILOT  ACCUSED

Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .
 Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"
Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.
Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"
1.    When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
2.    How long has he been held in jail?
3.    Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
4.    What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
5.    What did he hide in 1993?
6.    Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
7.    What are the conditions of his bail?
8.    What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
9.    Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?



3.BOSNIA INJURIES

On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .
NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.
In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"
 And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".


1.    How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
2.    Where were the two American soldiers inured?
3.    Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
4.    Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
5.    How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
6.    Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
7.    What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
8.    Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
9.    Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
10.    Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4.CLONE SYSTEM

Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?
Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid .
as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .
After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.
A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.


1.    What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
2.    What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
3.    What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
4.    Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
5.    What is the main problem of cloning system?
6.    What does Australian scientist claim?
7.    What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
8.    For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
9.    What is the specific with mitochondria??
10.    Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?
5.    ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.
The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 
 The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.
The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.
The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.
 The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.
1.    When did the car stolen?
2.    What was the lost property?
3.    What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.    What was the demand of political party?
5.    What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.    What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.    How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.    En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.    What was the monitor action on the scene?
10. what action did the local police take ?

    

6.    Authoritarian regime

President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.
"We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.
It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 
The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.
The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.
    The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.
      Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

1.    Which countries are called golden triangle country?
2.    Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
3.    What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
4.    Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
5.    What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
6.    Where is the international court of Justice located?
7.    why were the thousands of people jailed ?
8.    What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
9.    How many political prisoners were jailed?
 10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?


7.  GAMBLE

November 27, 2001
Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.
Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested  one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports . And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.
 Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.
 The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.
The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved. 
1.    How may gang members arrested?
2.    What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.    Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.    How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.    How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.    What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.    What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.    What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.    What were weapons confiscated.
        10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?


8.  EBOLA

Sunday, December 9, 2001
An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in
France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.    What did government request to Media?
2.    Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.    Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.    When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.    What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.    What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.    How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.    What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.    Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    

9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

    US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .
    There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country .
    It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.    Who is Taras?

10. THE UNITED NATION

The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states.
    After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs

1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat

                                        1. International court of justice.

    The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

    America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

    Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


11.  UN FAILURE IN BOSNIA

    A long -awaited report into the failure of a Dutch UN peacekeeping force to prevent the murder of thousands of Muslims in the Bosnian town of Brebrenica will be published on Wednesday. The Netherlands is bracing itself for the results of the inquiry in to the worst massacre in Europe since world War second. The
    BBC's Europe correspondent says Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for their part in event leading up to the 1995 slaughter. In July 1995, Srebrenica was being protected by 110 Dutch troops who were supposed to ensure the safety of the town's mainly Muslim population against surrounding Bosnian Serb forces. The United Nations had declared it a safe area but when it  was attacked, the town fill with out the Dutch UN troops firings shot . Up to 8000 Muslim men and boys were then murdered.

Five years of research

                  While the Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for letting the town fall without a fight , fault is also set to be found with the over all UN commander for failing to order air strikes to protect the enclave. The report is also understood to criticize the Dutch government for showing lack of political will. The 7000-pages report by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation is the official Dutch history of events in Srebrenica. It has taken more than five years to produce. In a 1999 report, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan blamed the international community for its failure to protect the enclave but insisted that it was impossible " to say whether a more decisive action by the Dutch would have saved lives" .A report two weeks ago by the Interchurch Peace Council ( IKV) in the Netherlands condemned Dutch troops, generals and politicians for failing to evacuate and protect the Muslims.

Scenes from hell

    The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague has ruled that the massacre was genocide. Last August it sentenced Bosnian Serb General Radisav Krstic, considered a key commander in the episode, to 46 years in prison. The judge in the case said the massacre was characterized by " scenes from hell, written on the darkest pages of human history" Survivors' reports, aerial photography and grisly evidence exhumed from mass graves indicate the most victims in the massacre were summarily executed ,Dutch MPs may now call for a public inquiry. Seven military commanders of Royal Dutch army have been sentenced to seven years jail . Ten army personnel have been fired from the service and 20 have been restricted from the promotion as per the report of the criminal tribunal.   The BBC's correspondent Mr. Havel Eastward has been facilitated by the Dutch Government as a friends of mankind . After the massacre in the Srebrenica the Dutch government begs pardon with the Bosnian people and saying that her troops could not do any thing to save the life of the people and she is responsible to the accident.


1. How many Dutch troops were protecting Srebrenica?
2. What ethnic group were the people of Srebrenica?
3. Why the Dutch government begs pardon with the people of Bosnia ?
4. How many people were killed in Srebrenica?
5. How many army personnel were punished?
6. Who is criticized in the report?
7. Where is the International Criminal Tribunal based?
8. Would more positive action by the Dutch troops have saved lives?
9    What sentence was General Krstic given?
10    Who was facilitated by the Dutch government and why?


12.  SWARM ATTACK

    Six people were hospitalized after they were attacked by a swarm of bees in Singapore, a news report said on Tuesday. The bees attacked contractors who were trying to remove a beehive in the tropical city-state .Two police officers who were on the scene to keep back the public, were among those attacked and hospitalized. Police public affairs officers could not immediately be contacted to confirm the report. The incident occurred at approximately 12:30PM on Tuesday afternoon. Two of the people who were injured in the attack were still in the hospital on Tuesday night at 10:00 PM; however they were in good condition. Such incidents are rare in heavily urbanized Singapore. But two years ago , a 51 years old taxi driver died after he was stung by a swarm bees .The driver was changing his back left tire and he removed the deflated tire , a beehive was in the wheel well . Witnesses said that the swarm covered the man's face and hands and repeatedly sting him as he cried out in pain .He died later that night while being hospitalized. Singapore is a very small country covered by the see in the east of Asia and known as a well industrialized country.
    The big industry installations have many nooks and corners where the swarm bees get shelters. firstly people do not care about it because it seems harmless and small in the beginning but after  a year it  appeared in large scale and bees become escort free so they undermine their stung so they try to destroy their hives and got stung and the result  become very adverse. The same accident happened in The US in 1990 when a farmer had gone to his farmhouse to clean the room , he saw that there is a bee hive in the ceiling of the room he thought it was full of honey , unfortunately it was poisonous  swarm bee's hive.  He collected his two sons and a black servant to take the honey . In the mean time when they lit a fire to fly the bees , the swarm bees started stung them . The younger son who was in the door side escaped from the room after having a look at the victims and called the police . The house got in to the gutter by the fire and three injured had been hospitalize in the city centre . The house owner Mr. Kally died during the medical treatment and two had been discharged after 2 weeks with swollen face and bruises for the whole life.  The same accident happened in Nepal too on 23 September 2002. The Raute , who are famous for honey hunter ,had tried to collect honey from the very steep hill near Manang District. they made rope ladder to climb the hill and with the aid of fire they started collecting the honey .
    It was a documentary program filmed by Scottish Director visualized to broadcast in Britain  by BBC. Al together there were 15 men. When the honey hunter was climbing down from the steep hill after the successful visualization of the film. Unfortunately, one of the hunters touched the bees hive. Due to the finished job, they did not prepare for next attack and they all were on very thin cloths and without cloves . Three among five hunters fall down from the cliff and died. Two were severely bitten by the bees were died on the way to hospital and ten crew members of the visualization  were admitted in the hospital and discharged after 2 weeks .  It is said that the bees seems so calm if they are not hurt and if anyone hurt their queen , they become so terrifying and take revenge from the hunter . The queen is the most powerful among the bees. if the queen of the bees  safely removed from the hive it will be so easy to get the honey from the hive   which is considered as medicine  in eastern countries . The working bees always follow the queen bee , if she abandon the hive silently , all the bees left the hive with out revenge. so if you want to get honey remove the queen tactically and calmly.
         
1.    How many people had been killed according to the passage.?
2.    How many people had been injured according to the passage?
3.    Where was the bees's hive in the taxi?
4.    Who was the authentic person to provide informations about injured police officers according to the passage.
5.    What had happened to the two Americans who escaped from the death?
6.    What is the ideal idea to get honey?
7.    What did the team doing in Manning District?
8.    How did the taxi driver killed?
9.    Where was the bees's hive in the room?
10.    Who is the most powerful in the hive?

13.  ARAFAT POLITICS
    Arafat is not the point. As Israelis and Palestinians use ever more lethal means against each other's civilians, the question being asked in Israel and the US is not how to end the occupation, but whether or not to end the career, or even the life, of Arafat. At the time of writing this coverage trend in early February 2002, in a further escalation Israeli tanks have confined Arafat in an area of 200m square in Ram Allah. And have destroyed the remainder of his helicopter fleet that it began to destroy on the attack of his compound on 3 December 2001.
    If Israel killed Arafat or sent in to exile, nothing would change. It seems almost absurd to have to point out that forcing millions of people to live for decades under hostile military rule with no end on sight inevitably produces violent resistance. Only a mind -set that steadfastly refuses to recognize this can become captivated by a lone figure who's real and imagined failings became a smoke screen that obscures the machinery that actually drives the conflict.
    If Israel truly seeks the moral high ground it invokes in the international arena, it should stop seeking a relative high ground whose only elevation stems from the weakness and failing of its historical enemies. Rather Israel should address the most obvious things it dies to perpetuate the conflict.
    The bottom line is that the single most identifiable factor that perpetuates the Israeli- Palestinian conflict in all its forms, both legitimate, is the Israeli military occupation that exists to protect the continuing Israeli colonization of the Gaza Strip and West Bank, including Jerusalem.
    Comparisons of Arafat with Bin Laden serve to legitimize Israel's continuing repression of the Palestinians and bear no reality to the dynamics that this particular conflicts, dynamics that Israel has played no small part in creating.
    Israel's killing of civilians is a form of terrorism. The United States  tacit support of Israel's so called retaliation in US support of terrorism .Although Israeli officials are occasionally note don record " apologizing" for the latest " accidental" death of a child , there comes a point -- after a year in which one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed were children and 50 percent of these children were killed for away from clashes- that it becomes imperative to note that Israel could always simply stop killing children , instead of merely apologizing for it.
    Israel's nightly shelling of Palestinian neighborhoods has accounted for one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed during the first year of the Second Intifada .  Israel's regular killing of innocent civilians including children as a "by product " of its ironically titled" targeted killings " of Palestinian activists most commonly with rockets fired from combat helicopters at these leader's vehicles while in cit streets offer more examples of the indiscriminate violence that characterizes 'terrorism' as most people understand the word.
    Following a series of suicide bomb attacks in February / March 1996, then Israeli President Weizmann bluntly described Israel's practice of using closure to turn Palestinian towns in to prisons for the entire population: "Sometimes, when you are searching for a needle in a haystack, you have to burn the haystack".
    Israel has been encouraged to carry out similar "retaliation" as in the case of the December 2001bombing, by the knowledge that the United States would not condemn it. America must refrain from "understanding" Israel's violence. This can only have the effect of encouraging the continued Israeli killing of innocent Palestinian civilians.

1.    How many Palestinian children have been killed this year?
2.    How many Palestinians have been killed during nightly shelling?
3.    Are children targeted by the Israelis?
4.    Who is Arafat compared to and why?
5.    Where is Arafat confined, and what size of area?
6.    How many people live under hostile military rule in Palestine?
7.    What is the question being asked in Israel and the US?
8.    Why is Israel not afraid to carry out retaliation attacks on Palestinians?
9.    What happened in 1996?
10.    What dies Israel do when it is faced with suicide bomb attacks?








14.  BUS LOOTED
    A bus, which started off in Kathmandu , at 5:30 PM , traveling to Biratnagar , was looted by some Indian dacoits, which had crossed the boarder in order to escape the authorities there. They had been in Nepal for at least a month and had been regularly stopping night buses and robbing the passengers of all their belongings as well as money.
    When the bus number Ba Ga 3987, first started off from Gongabu Bus Park there was a total of 30 passengers. Just near Thankot 3 more passengers got on. The journey was uneventful until they reached Muggling, where they stopped for dinner. Here, the bus conductor managed to find 4 more people wanting to travel to Biratnagar . After about half an hour stop for dinner, they set off again. At Bharatpur 2 of the passengers got off as they had only booked up to this point. The bus had to wait for about one hour as the engine had trouble and the driver had to fix it .After this they started  of again and had a short tea break at Hetauda where another 2 people got off and one got on.
    At about 2:00 PM in the morning, when most of the passengers were asleep, the driver suddenly stopped as there was a tree across the main road. The passengers all wake up as the bus had come to a sudden stop, and were all looking out of the windows. Two Indian men dressed in black were behind the fallen tree with country made rifles; at the same time 2 also came from the back and two on each side of the bus. At once they told all the passengers to come out of the bus and line up in front of the bus, even though it as a moonlight night, no body could make out the faces of the dacoits, and could tell only by the way they spoke that they were from India. Everybody was told to remove their watches, jewelries and to empty out their pockets and moneybags. One of the men colleted all this while the others told all the passengers to lie down with their faces facing down. During this time the dacoits all disappeared, as nobody wanted to follow them as they might get shot

1.    How many passengers were on the bus when it was robbed?

2.    How many dacoits were there in total?

3.    How long did they stop for dinner?

4.    Why did they stop a second time before the robbery?

5.    How did the passengers know that the dacoits were not Nepali?

5.    Where did the bus start first?

6.    How many got in the Baratpur?

7.    Why did the bus have to stop suddenly?

8.    How many we on the bus at Muggling?

9.    Although it was night time how could the passengers make out how many dacoits there were?  
15.    KOSOVO POLICE

    On Monday 17 March 2003 , at 0745 hours , two Kosovo Police Officers were on patrol duty in a police vehicle when they observed a white van type vehicle , license 496KS858 driving very fast. The officers stopped the white van type vehicle for questioning using their blue flash lights. When the driver stopped, the patrol team stopped five meters behind his vehicle, however the van did not turn off its engine. As the officers exited their vehicle, the drivers of the white van type vehicle sped away very quickly. The officers ran back to their vehicle and chased the white vehicle .They were driving on the road to the airport. The police vehicle was driving at almost 120 km/hour but was unable to catch up to the van. Suddenly, the van turned north on to an unpaved roadway. The officers continued the pursuit. The van drove for approximately a hundred meters more. There was a big hole by the side of the road which the van fell into as the driver had lost control of the van, then it rolled upside down into a deep ditch on the south side of the roadway at grid reference 184-846. The officers stopped their vehicle on the opposite side of the roadway and proceeded cautiously toward the offender's vehicle. When they were approximately two meters away form the white van type vehicle they could see that the offender was still in his vehicle but was not moving. There were no sign of blood or injury  to the offender .As the officers got closer they could see three bundles, approximately 35 cm by 20cm by 25cm in the rare cargo area of the vehicle . One of the bundles was ripped open and a dark green plant material was showing, the officers assumed that it was marijuana. The first officer proceeded to the front of the vehicle to check the physical condition to the driver. The offender was breathing but didn't respond to any of the officer's verbal commands.  The officer radioed for an ambulance and the offender was taken to the local hospital. The second officer searched the offender's vehicle and found another bundle under the front seat with a knife. The Knife was 20 cm long with old blood stains. There were no papers or registration found in the vehicle. All material were seized as evidence and taken to police station.

1.    What were the 2 officers doing at 0745 Hrs?
2.    Why did they ask the van to stop?
3.    What was their reason for stopping the van?
4.    At what distance behind did the police stop?
5.    How many bundles were seen?
6.    Approximately what speed was the van traveling when in pursuit?
7.    What did the officers assume it to be?
8.    Was the knife found before or after the suspect was taken to hospital?
9.    What distance did the van travel on the dirt road?
10.    How did the man crash the vehicle?
16.    GERMANY SOOTING

Germany was in shock yesterday after 19 years old, masked gunman shot 17 people, including two female students, before killing himself in a school massacre in the eastern city of Erfurt.
The black -clad gunman a recently - expelled student of the Gutenberg secondary school, burst into a classroom during an exam yesterday morning around 11 AM and started shooting with a pump action rifle mounted on his back. "He passed us in the corridor with out paying any attention and walked straight into the secretary's office and started shooting." He said. Witnesses said the gunman walked through the building, opening classroom doors and targeting staff, killing nine male teachers, four female teachers, a secretary and two female students all within minutes. Caretakers heard the shots and notified the local police. Two officers arrived on the scene and discovered two dead bodies in the entrance hall. Moments later the gunman appeared and opened fire, shooting dead one of the policemen. A special commando unit immediately surrounded the school, which has nearly 700 students. As the shooting continued, around 180 students were still trapped in the building. Commandos stormed the building shortly before noon and came upon what was described as terrible scenes. 'Bodies lay in the halls, in bathrooms and classrooms' said Mr.Rainer Grube, a police spokesman. The gunman, who had barricaded himself into a room, shot himself as officers approached. 'The gunman killed himself when he saw that there was no way out for him' said Mr., Grube.
    For the students trapped inside the building, their ordeals ended nearly three hours later when they were led, pale and shaking, out of the school to worried parents at the gate. They were all receiving counseling yesterday evening, while four people injured in the attack were brought to hospital. Police were last night still investigating students reports that there was a second gunman. They had no motive for the shootings yesterday evening. Friends of the as yet unidentified gunman described him as an intelligent student who was ' full of life' and often spoke of his wish to become famous. The massacre is one of the most violent attacks in German post -war history, and ranks alongside the 1996 school shooting in Dunblane and the 1999 massacre in Columbine , Arkansas. Yesterday evening Erfurt residents were in shock and German politicians speechless .
'We are stunned at this horrific crime. No explanation we could give would go far enough right now ' said the Chancellor, Mr. Gerhard Schroeder, expressing his sympathy for the families of the victims and the students who witnessed the attack. He ordered the German flag on the Reichstag in Berlin to flown to be flown at half mast. 'We are all in one room .One teacher is dead, we are crying.



1.    Which two other massacres are mentioned?
2.    How many people were injured in the attack?
3.    What time did the shooting start?
4.    What weapons were used?
5.    How many teachers were killed?
6.    Did the gunman target students?
7.     Who notified the police about the shooting?
8.    Who stormed the building and when?
9.    How many police men entered the building initially?
10.    How long it take to gunman to kill the people and was there only one gunman?



17.  DEAD BODY FOUND

Mr. John Edwards lives alone in his cottage in the southern part of Cambridge, UK. He was a retired officer who previously worked for the finance office which was based in London. He had been retired for 5 years now and spent most of his time in Cambridge. He had worked for 34 years and during that time lived in London. By the sides of his cottage, there was a husband and wife living who used to work for Mr. Edwards. The woman would cook his meals and the man would attend to the garden. Mr. Edwards had no close family or friends who would come to visit him regularly .On December 15 , 2002 ,Mr. Edwards was found dead in his study at 0700 hrs. His body was fund by the woman who did his cooking. She had informed the police when she had seen him lying on his desk at 0700hrs. All the doors were closed from the inside so the woman thought in quite suspicious so she looked through the window. This is when she saw Mr. Edwards at his desk. When the police arrived at 0730 hrs. They broke open the door and checked the body. Mr. Edwards was confirmed dead and his body sent for post mortem. By the side of the table there was a bottle and a letter which said that he was taking his life as he was fed up and didn't see any future in continuing. All these materials were sent to the police lab for the necessary testing. The reports all confirmed that Mr. Edwards did take the poison, traces of which were found in his blood and on his lips. On the latter, apart from Mr. Edward's finger prints, there were other prints found as well. When the police checked up they found that it belonged to the husband the woman who cooked for Mr. Edwards. The police found this very suspicious as the husband had said that he never came into the study at any time. The police brought the man in for questioning and under interrogation he at first denied that he had gone to the house ant any time. After 2 hours, he changed his story and said that he
          Wildlife Disease Journal Digest        

Browse complete Digest publication library here

Lead in Ammunition: A Persistent Threat to Health and Conservation
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C. K. Johnson, T. R. Kelly, B. A. Rideout
[Courtesy of a fellow Digest reader!]

River otters as biomonitors for organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, and PBDEs in Illinois
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Harder TC et al.

Disease and Predation: Sorting out Causes of a Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Decline
PLoS One. 2014 Feb 7;9(2):e88271. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088271. eCollection 2014.
Smith JB et al.

Network Analysis of Translocated Takahe Populations to Identify Disease Surveillance Targets
Conserv Biol. 2014 Feb 11. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12178. [Epub ahead of print]
Grange ZL, VAN Andel M, French NP, Gartrell BD.

Perfluorinated compounds: emerging POPs with potential immunotoxicity
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Frequent and seasonally variable sublethal anthrax infections are accompanied by short-lived immunity in an endemic system
J Anim Ecol. 2014 Feb 5. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12207. [Epub ahead of print]
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Do-or-die life cycles and diverse post-infection resistance mechanisms limit the evolution of parasite host ranges
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A need for One Health approach - lessons learned from outbreaks of Rift Valley fever in Saudi Arabia and Sudan
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Monitoring diseases in garden wildlife [No online abstract]
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Cunningham AA, Lawson B, Hopkins T, Toms M, Wormald K, Peck K.

Community change and evidence for variable warm-water temperature adaptation of corals in Northern Male Atoll, Maldives
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McClanahan TR and Muthiga NA

Identifying future zoonotic disease threats: Where are the gaps in our understanding of primate infectious diseases?
Evol Med Public Health. 2013 Jan;2013(1):27-36. doi: 10.1093/emph/eot001. Epub 2013 Jan 22.
Cooper N and Nunn CL.



          LA GENTE DE PAZ EN GUERRA CONTRA LOS INFRARREALISTAS        
Este episodio de la historia de la literatura mexicana empezó en mayo de 2014 debido a la publicación de una antología: Perros habitados por las voces del desierto (430 páginas) en Aldus, de Rubén Medina, y siguió en agosto, con una entrevista con el compilador y en diciembre seguía resonando en las páginas de una revista del D.F., Letras libres.

UNO
Un boletín del Museo del Chopo, enviado por la oficina de difusión cultural de la Unam, informaba:

“Perros habitados por las voces del desierto: Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos”, de Rubén Medina, antología que reúne por primera vez a 19 de los poetas latinoamericanos pertenecientes al infrarrealismo. Incluye a José Rosas Ribeyro, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, Roberto Bolaño, Édgar Artaud Jarry, Víctor Monjaraz, Jorge Hernández Piel Divina, Pedro Damián Bautista, Ramón Méndez, Rubén Medina, Mara Larrosa, José Peguero, Rafael Catana, Cuauhtémoc Méndez, Bruno Montané, Claudia Kérik, Óscar Altamirano, Guadalupe Ochoa, Juan Esteban Harrington y Mario Raúl Guzmán.

DOS
El lunes 19 de mayo, otra nota de prensa, más amplia, anunciaba que la presentación del libro sería el 28 de mayo, que los presentadores serían Rubén Medina, José Paguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Pedro Damián, Mario Raúl Guzmán, Gerardo González y Juan Esteban Harrington, y que habría música interpretada por Armando Rosas, Rafael Catana y Baldíos.

“La antología Perros habitados por las voces del desierto. Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos, a cargo de Rubén Medina, reúne textos de 19 escritores pertenecientes al infrarrealismo, movimiento del que hasta hace algunos años se sabía muy poco a causa de su posición crítica y algunas veces abiertamente hostil hacia la cultura oficial. La actividad se inscribe en el marco de Literatura expandida.
Bajo el sello editorial Aldus, el libro presenta el trabajo de los poetas José Rosas Ribeyro, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, Roberto Bolaño, Édgar Artaud Jarry, Víctor Monjarás, Jorge Hernández Piel Divina, Pedro Damián Bautista, Ramón Méndez, Rubén Medina, Mara Larrosa, José Peguero, Rafael Catana, Cuauhtémoc Méndez, Bruno Montané, Claudia Kérik, Óscar Altamirano, Guadalupe Ochoa, Juan Esteban Harrington y Mario Raúl Guzmán. Cabe mencionar que una tercera parte de los poemas incluidos se publican por primera vez.
La publicación cuenta con la introducción, selección y notas de Rubén Medina, poeta mexicano-chicano y uno de los fundadores del movimiento infrarrealista. Vive desde finales de la década de los setenta en Estados Unidos, donde es profesor en la Universidad de Wisconsin-Madison.
El movimiento infrarrealista surgió en México en 1975 durante el proceso de masificación de la educación superior, que comenzó en 1968, la politización de la cultura latinoamericana durante los setenta, la euforia por la revolución cubana y la crítica de la herencia estalinista y de la complicidad profesional de la izquierda oficial.
Para los integrantes de este movimiento las ciencias sociales no logran explicar en toda su amplitud la emergencia del infrarrealismo y de montones de subjetividades afines incluyendo la nueva dimensión que adquiere el cuerpo, el deseo, el cambio en la percepción de las otredades sexuales y étnicas, la crítica de la izquierda desde la izquierda y el colapso de las fronteras entre alta cultura y cultura popular en la transformación de los imaginarios y las estructuras de los sentimientos.
Los poemas incluidos no desmienten lo dicho ya que el sujeto lírico expresa su propia situación existencial, triangulada por las fuerzas que conforman su identidad y que incluyen las circunstancias del momento, la manera de ser y la acción ética como procedimiento vital “busco / ojeo / cavo / rasguño todo lo que sé / y lo que no sé / por encontrar las palabras exactas / las únicas / que pueden deletrear / mi auténtico aire salvaje / mi humano perdido”, Claudia Kerik.
Mara Larrosa, poeta incluida en dicha antología, escribe sobre la consideración de la vida desde su perspectiva biológica-social “no hemos alcanzado un grado superior de racionalidad para existir,  8600 millones de siglos para que tuviéramos uñas, tobillos, amor por los lápices, por la verdadera lucha social”.
Poemas de calor y de respiración entrecortada es lo que aporta Pedro Damián Bautista “A 165 kilómetros por hora me desintegraré”, así como otros de poetas salidos de las colonias-pueblo, de los hoyos de la modernidad periférica que ahora es una modernidad de contrabando.
La presentación de este libro se llevará a cabo en la cafetería del Museo Universitario del Chopo el miércoles 28 de mayo a las 20:00 horas.Entrada libre. Participan: Rubén Medina, José Paguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Pedro Damián, Mario Raúl Guzmán, Gerardo González y Juan Esteban Harringon.

TRES
El 26 de mayo, el periódico Enfoque publicó un despacho de Notimex:

Perros habitados por las voces del desierto. Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos”, antología a cargo de Rubén Medina, que reúne textos de 19 escritores pertenecientes a dicho movimiento poético, se presentará el próximo 28 de mayo en el Museo Universitario del Chopo.
Bajo el sello editorial Aldus, el libro da a conocer el trabajo de poetas como José Rosas Ribeyro, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, Roberto Bolaño, Édgar Artaud Jarry, Víctor Monjarás y Mario Raúl Guzmán, entre otros.
La publicación, un tercio de la cual es inédita, cuenta con la introducción, selección y notas de Rubén Medina, poeta mexicano-chicano y uno de los fundadores del movimiento infrarrealista fundado en la Ciudad de México, en 1975, por un grupo de poetas jóvenes.
Para los integrantes de este movimiento, las ciencias sociales no logran explicar en toda su amplitud la emergencia del infrarrealismo y de montones de subjetividades afines, incluyendo la nueva dimensión que adquiere el cuerpo, el deseo, el cambio en la percepción de las otredades sexuales y étnicas.
Mara Larrosa, poeta incluida en dicha antología, escribe sobre la consideración de la vida desde su perspectiva biológica-social y afirma que “no hemos alcanzado un grado superior de racionalidad para existir, ocho mil 600 millones de siglos para que tuviéramos uñas, tobillos, amor por los lápices, por la verdadera lucha social”.
Los poemas incluidos en la antología no desmienten lo dicho ya que el sujeto lírico expresa su propia situación existencial, triangulada por las fuerzas que conforman su identidad y que incluyen las circunstancias del momento, la manera de ser y la acción ética como procedimiento vital.
“Busco / ojeo / cavo / rasguño todo lo que sé / y lo que no sé / por encontrar las palabras exactas / las únicas / que pueden deletrear / mi auténtico aire salvaje / mi humano perdido”, expone la poeta Claudia Kerik.
Poemas de calor y de respiración entrecortada es lo que aporta el artista Pedro Damián Bautista en “A 165 kilómetros por hora me desintegraré”, así como otros poetas salidos de las colonias-pueblo, de los hoyos de la modernidad periférica que ahora es una modernidad de contrabando.
En la presentación del libro participarán Rubén Medina, José Paguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Pedro Damián, Mario Raúl Guzmán, Gerardo González y Juan Esteban Harrington.

CUATRO
Gabriela Cervantes y Mario Castro en Scribd

Un buen día hace unos 40 años, un grupo de jóvenes (clasemedieros, izquierdosos, hartos del régimen cultural y con dos chilenos y un peruano incluidos! decidieron formar un movimiento que prometía romperle la madre a Octavio Paz, el aún monolítico poeta del México contemporáneo (como forma de romperle la madre a la cultura oficial mexicana!). Reuniéronse para recopilar su poesía, hacer lecturas que terminaban en borracheras de proporciones y atmósferas dionisiacas, irrumpir en lecturas abiertas oficiales donde las palabras, en no pocas ocasiones, se catafixiaron por puños: el movimiento comenzó a invadir los “altos y refinados círculos culturales”).
Aun así, el infrarrealismo no nació en México: su concepción, por lo menos la base teórica, fue creada por el también chileno Roberto Matta, personaje iniciado, expulsado y perdonado por el surrealismo de Bretón). A finales de123, Matta entregó al poeta francés Jean Schuster una serie de notas guía, esquema de una ponencia presentada durante un congreso en la Cuba recién encaminada al socialismo; dichas notas fueron publicadas con comentarios del francés bajo el título de Développements sur l’infra-réalisme de Matta
en1970. Esta historia se cuenta aparte)

Probablemente, Roberto Bolaño —el narrador tan aclamado como escupido— supo de la existencia de este libro casi cuando se publicó. Como sea, ambos chilenos apostaban por una misma tendencia estética: la revolucionaria en su sentido más estricto. Siendo jóvenes en una Latinoamérica gobernada por dictaduras, más o menos viles, la opresión los conduce a revertir órdenes morales y políticos: su poesía no respeta la melosidad de un López Velarde ni mucho menos el frac con que visten los versos de un Paz preNobel; se aliena a la embriaguez de la calle que acompaña a los poemas de infraín Huerta o al sentimiento de extrañeza y automarginación propia de los
beatniks.

CINCO
La revista Siempre! incluye el 23 de agosto una amplia entrevista de Adriana Cortés Kiloffon

Se reúne a diecinueve poetas del movimiento infrarrealista fundado en 1975 por Rubén Medina, compilador del libro Perros habitados por las voces del desierto (Aldus, 2014) y catedrático de la Universidad de Wisconsin, quien se propuso desde sus inicios confrontar a los grupos de poder literarios. Medina vive desde hace 37 años en Estados Unidos integrado a la comunidad chicana y latina. Roberto Bolaño, además de una veintena de poetas (Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, José Vicente Anaya, José Rosas Ribeyro, Bruno Montané, Juan Esteban Harrigton, Mara Larrosa, Gelles Lebrija, José Peguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Jorge Hernández, entre otros) participaron en este movimiento y salieron de México para “buscar otros espacios de acción y supervivencia, lugares que al menos nos permitieran mantener la dignidad, y poder existir fuera o al margen de las mafias y grupos de poder literario”, de acuerdo con Medina.

—El desierto, el callejón sin salida, los márgenes son imágenes claves en el infrarrealismo, según lo dice en la introducción. ¿La poesía: una salida a ese callejón? ¿Un oasis en el desierto?

—La poesía no es una “salida” sino una forma de navegar por ese desierto, una manera de entrar al callejón sin salida y habitar los márgenes, y ocupar el centro temporalmente. La metáfora del oasis tiene una dimensión romántica en el imaginario y supone siempre una realidad de excepción a lo ordinario; es el espacio de revelación y conciencia que crea o descubre una individualidad “privilegiada” que es el poeta. Aunque, por otra parte, sí podría ser un “oasis” pero en el sentido que Baudelaire da en su poema “Le voyage”, como ese lugar del horror en el desierto del aburrimiento, un oasis de horror en el centro de la vida cotidiana. Es decir, Baudelaire invierte o convulsiona la metáfora de la tradición romántica, y tal inversión proporciona otra conceptualización del poeta.

—La vida como arte / El arte como vida: ¿la consigna del infrarrealismo?

—Se trata de mover nuevamente el arte o la poesía a la vida, de asumirlosde esa manera, pues la institución busca mayormente domesticar el arte, separarlo de lo que verdaderamente importa (y que esto implica considerar toda clase de problemas humanos y sociales).

—¿Cuál es el papel de Papasquiaro en la consolidación del infrarrealismo?

—Es, por supuesto, clave. Mario regresa de Europa e Israel a finales de 1978 y reagrupa a los infras que se habían quedado en México, cuando ya nos habíamos ido del país Bruno Montané, Roberto Bolaño, José Rosas Ribeyro y yo. La existencia y continuidad del infrarrealismo se debe mayormente a él, pues durante los años ochenta varios poetas se suman al grupo, precisamente por la labor de Mario. En los noventa asimismo crea las ediciones Al este del paraíso. Su labor es consistente durante tres décadas. Y aún antes de que emerja el infrarrealismo Mario introduce la actividad neo-vanguardista en México a principios de los setenta; de hecho en enero de 1974 publica Zarazo, una revista informada por la actividad del surrealismo, dadaísmo, los Beat, Hora Zero, los situacionistas, y la teoría marxista posterior a 1968. Mario nunca se desvía de este camino que emprende cuando apenas cuenta con dieciocho años. Por eso digo en la introducción de Perros habitados que él es la figura radical de la neo-vanguardia latinoamericana.

—¿Qué significado tiene “Déjenlo todo, nuevamente” de Bolaño para el infrarrealismo?

—Es una reconsideración crítica de las vanguardias históricas y el punto de partida del infrarrealismo como movimiento y colectivo. Ahí se expone, telegráficamente, la ética y estética del infrarrealismo. Ese manifiesto emerge durante las caminatas diarias y discusiones de varios miembros del grupo, y a la necesidad de exponer algunas ideas básicas. Roberto tomaba notas, discutía, nos leía párrafos de lo que había escrito la noche anterior, y cada uno opinaba o elaboraba a partir de lo que se decía. Lo publicamos cuando Peguero y yo sacamos el primer y único número de Correspondencia infra en 1977.

—¿La publicación de Los detectives salvajes de Roberto Bolaño por una parte recrea “una mitología seductora del infrarrealismo, y por otra convierte al infrarrealismo en un hueso bastante manoseado y duro de roer”?

—La novela de Bolaño captura aspectos importantes del infrarrealismo, y cobra ahí una existencia, complejidad y proyección (si bien ficticia y por ello enormemente más poderosa) que se le había negado en México y que muchos ignoraban. La novela inmediatamente tiene una recepciónestupenda en todas partes del mundo hispánico y los lectores (sobre todo jóvenes) se entusiasman con la novela y las aventuras de sus miembros e integrantes. Se adentran en la polifonía de la novela y ésta los invita a la aventura y los caminos, a repensar la literatura, la poesía en el mundo actual, el riesgo, las cuestiones éticas, el amor y la sexualidad.

—¿Por qué Bolaño introduce en esta novela a la poeta Concha Urquiza como personaje?

—Creo que al leer a Bolaño hay que entender su inmensa habilidad y creatividad ficcional, esto es, el modo en que toma lo real o histórico y lo adapta para sus propios fines. Eso es típico de su narrativa. Cesárea como personaje en la novela ofrece una manera de reconsiderar la vanguardia histórica a través de la experiencia de una mujer y poeta marginada, perdida por el norte de México; es como imaginar la figura femenina en México de César Vallejo, el más complejo y original de los vanguardistas latinoamericanos, a la que buscan los visceralrealistas a fin de poder descifrar los misterios de la poesía y de la vanguardia. Todo esto a fin de liberarse de ese pasado, y asumir plenamente su orfandad, una nueva y emergente subjetividad. Este tránsito se puede ver al comparar esas dos figuras fundamentales en la novela: Cesárea Tinajero y María Font. Vanguardia y neovanguardia.


SEIS
Y en diciembre, David Medina Portillo publica un artículo, “Vanguardias de salón”. Sobre este autor la revista incluye una tarjeta de presentación: nació en la Ciudad de México en 1963, es poeta, ensayista y editor. Y también es “editor-in-chief de la revista bilingüe Literal: Latin American Voices”.

Como toda vanguardia que se respete, el infrarrealismo tuvo una vida breve y, según José Vicente Anaya, murió de muerte natural hacia finales de los años setenta. Sin embargo, para Rubén Medina, responsable de esta antología, el infrarrealismo no es una vanguardia cualquiera sino un fenómeno heterodoxo, una suerte de revolución permanente destinada a poner de cabeza el panorama de la poesía tal y como se concibe en nuestro medio local-global contemporáneo. Contra la realidad endémica y atávica de una tradición excluyente, mafiosa y oficiosa que durante décadas y décadas ha contado con “todos los recursos de una nación” (sí, señor) y que, en esa medida, se reparte puestos y canonjías perpetuándose dentro de las intrincada redes del poder en México, el infrarrealismo se ha propuesto, desde su fundación en 1975, como “la aventura, el callejón sin salida, una nueva ética del escritor, el nomadismo, el constante movimiento entre los márgenes y los centros, la crítica y la autocrítica; experiencias todas ellas que deben definir más profundamente a los poetas y la poesía en la época contemporánea”. Todo un plan de acción maestro, como se ve, lo suficientemente espeso como para que cualquiera entienda lo que sea; entre otras cosas que el infrarrealismo no-está-de-vuelta porque, para ser honestos, nunca se fue.

En efecto, la intención principal –si no es que única– de Perros habitados por las voces del desierto es llamar la atención sobre cómo el infrarrealismo es capaz de reinventarse y reaparecer hoy bajo un carácter de neovanguardia post. Según Rubén Medina la revuelta de los ismos históricos (dadaísmo, futurismo, surrealismo, etcétera) nunca sobrepasó los márgenes de la página; las vanguardias sesenteras y setenteras, en cambio, pusieron todo su empeño en fundir vida y poesía. Las casi sesenta páginas del prólogo reclaman para sí esa herencia y, siguiendo en más de un sentido los ejemplos de la Internacional Situacionista, aspiran a reconstituir el infrarrealismo actualizando, en pleno siglo XXI, ya no una insurrección utópica a la vieja usanza sino un arte pro, experimental y multidisciplinario, como quizá habría querido Guy Debord. De este modo, la antología reúne a diecinueve infras con obras tan tempranas como Reinventar el amor (Martín Pescador, 1976), de Roberto Bolaño, hasta el recientísimo Mapas de bolsillo (Tajamar Editores, 2014), de Bruno Montané. En el arco que va del invisible Bolaño a Montané, Rubén Medina recurre a algunos libros marginales –de cartoneras e incluso inéditos– lo mismo que a un gran número de títulos publicados con presupuestos universitarios y del Estado y, en un solo caso, el de Bolaño, bajo sellos globales como Random House (Lumen) o independientes y trasatlánticos como Anagrama y Acantilado. En este contexto, la probable vigencia del infrarrealismo estaría en relación directa con su inquebrantable vocación nómada, la que le ha permitido no solo atravesar el siglo sino adoptar y adaptarse a los previsibles tópicos de la posestética. Qué importa si, en su momento, Bolaño y Papasquiaro hablaron del infrarrealismo como un episodio fechado y dejado atrás.

El proyecto de un infrarrealismo activo es una posibilidad tentadora. Sin embargo, apenas si resiste la prueba de un sentido común mínimo. En efecto, Rubén Medina hace hincapié en una “nueva radicalidad”, determinada por una fuerte conciencia de la realidad y del papel del “productor de cultura” en la sociedad, lo que conduciría a una “ética de la vida diaria” que, supongo, también es nueva. De acuerdo con esto, el poeta infra se definiría por “una vida precaria pero no como precondición de su verdadera identidad y búsqueda (no estamos en tiempos de san Juan de la Cruz, ni tampoco se puede entender el infrarrealismo solamente a través de un esquema de clase social), sino como resultado de mantener una ética en la impositiva economía del mundo moderno global”. Dicho de otro modo, no tenemos por qué vivir como Darío Galicia, el infra de quien corrían leyendas sobre su trepanación (por lo demás cierta, hay poema de Bolaño al respecto), y al que solo Huberto Batis tenía la extravagancia de publicar en el suplemento Sábado de los años ochenta. Al parecer, Darío quiso fundar el primer partido comunista homosexual mexicano y alcanzó a publicar un solo libro, La ciencia de la tristeza, antes de apagarse en el anonimato, según testimonio del también infra Uriel Martínez. ¿Podríamos imaginar a Darío Galicia como autor de Perros habitados por las voces del desierto. Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos? Esto o algo parecido sería lo lógico. Pero no nos engañemos, en su nueva versión el infarrealismo no exige una marginalidad patética y patente. Quizá por ello, Darío ni siquiera aparece en esta antología, pese a que Bolaño lo consideraba el mejor poeta entre los infrarrealistas, junto con Mario Santiago. Aunque ya sabemos, Bolaño dijo tantas cosas, contradictorias entre sí muchas veces. La cuestión es que Rubén Medina es un PhD adscrito al área internacional de la Universidad de Wisconsin, en donde asiste como director del Global Cultures Certificate Program. Ejerciendo una ley no escrita característica de la academia en general y de la norteamericana en particular, desde ahí puede suscribir el discurso de la marginalidad y hasta manifestarse como antisistémico, siempre y cuando sea gracias al mismo sistema. ¿Hace falta decirlo? Si al igual que las vanguardias de principios del siglo XX el infrarrealismo “histórico” emergió espontáneamente, las neovanguardias de hoy parecen inconcebibles fuera del claustro universitario, las fundaciones y demás circuitos institucionales encargados de la “producción de cultura”. Para algunos de los fans del infrarrealismo la antología de Rubén Medina es todo un acontecimiento. Heriberto Yépez ha celebrado el volumen como una de las “obras literarias más importantes publicadas en México en esta época”, junto con su prólogo, “uno de los ensayos más completos que haya escrito un poeta mexicano en los últimos cuarenta años. […] Sospecho que vienen en camino otros ovnis”. Sin embargo, ahí donde Yépez ha comenzado a presentir ovnis yo apenas si puedo ver algo más que los despropósitos de una vanguardia de salón.

José Vicente Anaya dejó atrás el infrarrealismo y siguió escribiendo ya solo como José Vicente Anaya. Por simple lógica no cupo en esta antología. A Darío Galicia, acaso igual que a otros infras excluidos por Rubén Medina, lo condenó su propia radicalidad extenuada hasta el anonimato. Con Roberto Bolaño sucedió lo contrario: la demasiada fama nos privó de verlo aparecer en esta antología y de sus poemas aparecen solo los títulos seleccionados pero no el texto. Tales ausencias me parecen un tropo estupendo: el infrarrealismo se hace a un lado..., viva el infrarrealismo.

SIETE
MENSAJES DE LOS LECTORES

Anónimo (no verificado) - Diciembre 23, 2014.
Dos modestas aclaraciones: 1. Darío Galicia nunca fue infrarrealista, sólo era un amigo. La confusión viene a partir del personaje Ernesto San Epifanio de Los detectives salvajes. La novela está inspirada en un grupo de amigos, pero no es la foto o crónica maniquea de ese grupo, ni tampoco del infrarrealismo, como casi todo el mundo, leyendo mal la novela, ha aceptado o querido creer. 2. Uriel Martínez tampoco fue infrarrealista.

Elmer Werner (no verificado) - Diciembre 19, 2014.
no poems? just gossip? Vileness.

Nibaldo (no verificado) - Diciembre 19, 2014.Sin ninguna duda, Perros habitados por las voces del desierto es una antología crítica de un alto nivel reflexivo, histórico y estético, con gestos lúdicos provocativos, como el de dejar en blanco el espacio donde debieron estar los textos de Bolaño, con un vocabulario que roza lo insurrecto y con una estructura que permite engarzar una lectura que no se detiene, como no lo hace esta poesía. Celebro la publicación de un libro de tanta potencia poética y crítica, celebro que se distancie del típico texto hecho para agradar y evitar la discusión. Celebro, por último, que haya llegado a manos de un crítico que, sin mucha astucia, a través de su desprecio, solo logra exhibir lo que el poder sigue creyendo y temiendo del Infrarrealismo.

El episodio no termina aquí, sigue con el mismo reseñista Medina Portilla, quien ya se había ocupado, en 2013, de uno de los autores infrarrealistas, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, lo agrego. Arte & basura, selección y prólogo de Luis Felipe Fabre (Almadía, 2012, 96 pp.)


OCHO
Papasquiaro es una leyenda alentada por Bolaño, un mal sueño de Ulises Lima que –mira tú– no acredita en Anagrama. Un bardo, habitualmente convulso entre lumpen y dadá, envuelto hoy en el incienso de una mistificación que subvierte al intratable en víctima: nuestro olvidado en la república de las letras. Arte & basura, libro de Papasquiaro solo gracias a la “curaduría” de Luis Felipe Fabre, es el capítulo más reciente y más pretencioso de esta mistificación.

Qué incómodo ver al curador empeñado en acentuar la afectación retórica: “Papasquiaro es un topónimo adoptado como apellido en homenaje al escritor José Revueltas pues así se llamaba el lugar donde nació: ¡literatura!” Tras la exclamación, el personaje reaparece como un as del terrorismo cultural y el adefesio. Como si Mario Santiago Papasquiaro (Ciudad de México, 1953-1998) recayera en la lírica solo por sus azotes heavy y no como el crispado desdén, precisamente, a la literatura y sus instituciones. Arte & basura es un conjunto heterogéneo de materiales, entre textos sueltos e “intervenciones”: poemas y anotaciones escritos al margen o sobre libros, revistas, boletos, servilletas, envolturas, etc. Claro, al infrarrealista jamás se le ocurrió un paquete así. Pero el propósito de Fabre al darle forma de libro fue evidenciar que para Papasquiaro la poesía fue una manera de estar en el mundo antes que una vocación convenenciera. El resultado es una distracción estetizante. El impresentable resuelto en artista conceptual, por si las moscas. Su manera de estar en el mundo, la de un coqueto adorno para la mesilla de centro. 

Previsiblemente, Fabre no deja pasar la ocasión de amonestar y enmendar la “historia oficial” de la poesía mexicana en el último siglo. Ya se sabe, la fastidiosa lucha entre buenos y malos contada –otra vez– desde los lugares comunes de la épica contestataria. Papasquiaro es poco más que la excusa para reactivar la disputa en esa esquina tan socorrida a últimas fechas, la obra de Roberto Bolaño y su equívoca genealogía, del estridentismo al infrarrealismo.

El curador advierte en el prólogo que el texto le importa menos que el contexto: si cambia, quizá los personajes retornen transformados. Hay que renovar no solo las formas de escribir ahora, afirma Fabre, sino también la idea de cómo se escribió antes. ¿Reinventar una tradición otra, como haría un Borges trasudando postestructuralismo? Bastaría con recurrir a algunas de las santísimas oposiciones de rigor: Estridentismo vs. Contemporáneos, Efraín Huerta vs. Octavio Paz. O de otro modo: proletarios vs. exquisitos, populacheros vs. cosmopolitas. Etcétera. Con el subterfugio, claro, de suplir la historia por un puñado de anécdotas. Una cuenta que el Estridentismo fue algo más que una versión periférica de las vanguardias: una insurrección frontal a los poderes dominantes de la poesía y su filántropo mecenas, el Estado. List Arzubide puede presumir así al desinformado empíreo, en contra de Contemporáneos: “opusimos nuestra gran risa despreciativa y altanera, que todavía duele a los poetas de los ministerios que, usufructuando el favor del Estado, no fueron capaces sino de adquirir una gloria de papel” (El movimiento estridentista). Pero cualquier monografía básica registra que en 1925 Maples Arce despachaba como secretario de Estado en Veracruz y una hojeada a la revista Horizonte (1926-1927; FCE, 2011) regala al lector con loas a estadios y carreteras. El delirio más bien charro de una Estridentópolis en Xalapa, sufragado por el gobernador Heriberto Jara.

Corre la especie de que Bolaño se la jugó arrebatando del olvido la rijosa leyenda del estridentismo. Según La era de la discrepancia (2007), el libro de Cuauhtémoc Medina y Olivier Debroise sobre las vanguardias artísticas de los años setenta en México, los infrarrealistas “fueron publicados en Plural, la revista de Octavio Paz, [aunque] pronto el grupo fue marginado por su afán de provocación contra las mafias literarias”. Falso: la revista en que Bolaño firma, en los números 61 y 62, una semblanza, digamos, lírica del estridentismo y una en
          South Sudan begin first World Cup qualifying campaign with draw        
South Sudan earned a draw in their World Cup qualifying debut, holding Mauritania 1-1 on Thursday, a day after the game began and was then abandoned because of heavy rain. The score was unchanged from when it was stopped after 10 minutes of play on Wednesday at the National Stadium. Boubacar Bagili had scored in the third minute for Mauritania. Dominic Abui Pretino equalised with South Sudan's first goal in World Cup qualifying, giving the world's newest nation hope ahead of the return leg in Mauritania...
          Trend Alarmı: Gözlükler Aşşaaa!!        
Ömrümün yarısı birilerinde bi şeyler beğenip, kendime uygulamaya çalışıp hayal kırıklığı yaşamakla geçiyor. "Herkesin düzgün ilişkisi var" diyip denyonun birine tutulmak olsun, "Herkes çiçek taç takıyor" diye çiçek taç takıp otoyolda çiçek satan çingenelere dönmek olsun hepsini yaşadım.

En çok da Kendall ve Gigi-Bellagillerde bi şeyler görüp, uygulamaya çalışıp "fail" yaşamak koyuyor insana....



Bunların gözlükleri bu tarz aşşa indirip takmaları zaten uzun süredir dikkatimi çekiyordu ama geçtiğimiz hafta London Pride yürüyüşünde daha bi dikkatimi çekti. İncecik belleri, garip göbek delikleri, ilginç stylingleri değil gözlüklerini takışları çekti evet ne var??


Bi kaç hafta önce Paris Fashion Week'de zaten sık sık gördük gözlükleri bu tarz kullandıklarını. Zaten artık o yüzün yarısını kaplayan eşşek kadar gözlükler yerine daha minimal, daha 2000'ler tarzı gözlükler geri geldi. Bi kaç beğendiğim linki koyuyorum aşağı, tepe tepe kullanıp coolluk point kazanabilirsiniz....

Sarı camlı retro gözlük
Mavi camlı mini gözlük
Siyah camlı mini oval gözlük


Hatırlayacak olursanız Rihanna da Cannes Film Festivali 2017'de dedelerin okuma gözlüğünü burun üstüne yerleştirmesi misali beyaz gözlüklerini indirip çıkmıştı karşımıza. Yani binlerce kameraya poz verirken tamam da, günlük hayatta insta pozu dışında böyle gezersem millet götüyle güler bana. Ama indirmesek de minimal gözlük takacağımız kesinleşti bence. Çok şükür aynalı gözlük kıroluğuna hiç bulaşmadan atlattım o trendi, ama buna gönüllü olarak uyacağım.


Minimal minik gözlüklere geçmek istemiyorsanız her zaman kurtarıcı olan cat eye modeller ise Gigi'ciğimizin tercihi oluyor. Özellikle kırmızı olana bayıldım, tam bi lolita kapağı gibi olmuş. Ahanda cat eye önerilerim, çıkın çıkın alın kız, sudan ucuz.

Yeşil çerçeveli retro gözlük
Şeffaf camlı ilginç gözlük (Tam Rihanna stili cool bi şey)
Beyaz çerçeveli gözlük (Bu ara herkesin gözünde gördüklerimizin aynısı)


Bu kare de siyah kombosu olsun. Gözlüklerden bahsedecektim ama Rihanna, Gigi Hadid ve Kendall Jenner'ın bu üç farklı kombinine de bayıldım. Gözlüklerinin duruşunun aynı oluşu da dikkatlerden kaçmasın. Ee boşa önermiyoruz, eşşek anırmıyo burda, tatava yapma uygula geç...


Bella ise hepsinden farklı olarak, farklı kombinlerle çıkıyor karşımıza. Bu gözlük kullanım tarzını sık sık günlük hayatında uyguluyor da, ilhamı nası alalım bacım, o memelerimizi kesiverirler.... Neyse ben yine de sağından solundan uygulayacak bi şeyler çıkardım, takacaz sütyeni, bakıcaz işimize artık. Gözlükler her daim burunda ama!

Mor camlı mini gözlük (bunu aldım)
Siyah camlı yuvarlak retro gözlük (Of bu da çok coolmuş)


Yazıyı Kendall'cığımızın iki ayrı cool tarzıyla kapatıyorum. Ve herkesi aynalı gözlüklerini çöpe atıp, bu minimal modellere yönlenmeye davet ediyorum. Gelen kaleye mum diksin! 

          MACHO REA #202059 (Ansata Ibn Sudan x Ann, by Ga Fershen) 1978 grey stallion        
MACHO REA #202059 (Ansata Ibn Sudan x Ann, by Ga Fershen) 1978 grey stallion

          (DF) Visiting Sudanese Foreign Minister Meets with Bulgarian Vice President        
June 28 (BTA) - Meeting with the visiting Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour here Friday, Bulgarian Vice President Iliana Iotova said that strengthening of bilateral cooperation in the area of higher education will get the support of all state institutions in Bulgaria, said the President's Press Secretariat.
          (DF) Sudanese Foreign Minister Pays Visit in Sofia        
July 27 (BTA) - Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour was on an official visit to Sofia Thursday to become the first top diplomat of his country visiting Bulgaria after the start of democratic changes here in 1989. He met with Parliament leader Dimiter Glavchev and Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva, and discussed with them ways to broaden cooperation.
          Phyllidia varicosa from Sudan by Robert Panko        

Species: Phyllidia varicosa
Photographer: Robert Panko
Location: Sudan
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Halgerda willeyi from Sudan by Robert Panko        

Species: Halgerda willeyi
Photographer: Robert Panko
Location: Sudan
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Nembrotha megalocera from Sudan by Robert Panko        

Species: Nembrotha megalocera
Photographer: Robert Panko
Location: Sudan
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Chromodoris quadricolor from Sudan by Robert Panko        

Species: Chromodoris quadricolor
Photographer: Robert Panko
Location: Sudan
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Chromodoris quadricolor from Sudan by Robert Panko        

Species: Chromodoris quadricolor
Photographer: Robert Panko
Location: Sudan
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Días de playa...        
    Y los días de playa llegaron, y así como vinieron se esfumaron, si tal cual jajaja. Hemos tenido unos días de un calor del que todo el mundo se quejaba (últimamente quejarse parece ser el deporte nacional, nos quejamos por todo, por todo y por todo). Pues ala ya nos llegaron los días grises y de orbayu a la nuestra tierrina. Aquí es que el día de San Juan sin orbayar no es San Juan. Así que hoy toca unos de esos días grises y feos, pero los días que hizo solete y calor los aprovechamos todo lo que pudimos y mas: playa, juergas, piscina, hubo de todo jjjj. Os diré que ir a la playa con peques es un show si eres una mami como yo (y sé que somos muchas jeje). Para un día de playa la Mari se llevó cuatro mochilas de na y un capazo a rebosar en el que casi entro yo, petao de cosas hasta arriba. Ademas una bolsa llena de juguetes (léase cubo, pala, rastrillo y mil historias mas). Por si esto fuera poco paramos a comprar  otro cubo mas con sus correspondientes complementos y un tentetieso hinchable de aproximadamente un metro, casi na.... Todo esto junto con la sombrilla y la silla nos acompañaron en nuestro primer día de playa, un show digno de ver. Entre mi mari y un colegui casi no eran a llevar la silla con todo su atrezo hasta el sitio elegido de la playa. La gente nos miraba, mi mari bufaba, jajaja. Os aseguro que era pa ver. Llega el momento de instalarse. Poner toallas, sombrilla, sillas, trastos, echar crema, amos entre que nos instalamos en la playa una media hora jajaja. Mi mari seguía bufando. Y claro llega el momento fotos, y los niños noooooooo jajaja. Y es que claro mami pesada, tardamos en llegar a la playa una media de una hora y pico desde que aparcamos, con parada en el chirimguito incluida que se me olvidaba y ahora ¿fotos? home no me jodas mami juas juas. Ellos lo que quieren es jugar Mari. El peque me ve sacar el movil y dice nooooooo y me da el culo jajaja. Aun así conseguí sacar unas fotucas, prubinos míos jjjj. 
   Bueno y después llegó el momento de mami ponerse en biquini por vez primera este año, uffff como es ese momento (para mi que me sobran taitantos kilos me refiero)... Intentas taparte por todos laos, sientes que la gente te observa, estas nerviosa, te sudan las manos, un horror. Pero no hay mas cojones porque ir a la playa y vestida como que no es plan. Bueno reto conseguido. Te echas un poco de cremita y dices un poco de relax. Entonces te miras la piernas y ves que estas cual cuajada, tu que durante años fuiste una morenaza (de piel) de pro ahora eres mas blanca que tu amiga la que era mas blanca (si Ana andamos a la par ya jjj). Y es entonces cuando dices puta melanina ¿por qué me haces esto? ¿en que te fallé?... Mientras tanto viene Iki a la toalla y te azota un puñado de arena, biennnn, fiesta jajaja. Ala pal agua un poquito a refrescarse. El peque ve el agua y llora, así que nos vamos la muñe y yo a disfrutar del Mar Cantábrico y sus gélidas aguas jjj mientras el peque queda con su papi y unos amigos. Unos pocos juegos mas y hora de recoger el chiringuito. Nuestros amigos marchan y media hora después marchamos nosotros después de recoger todo el petate. Uisssss que dolor de espalda y de nariz tengo, madre mía me miro en el espejo y parezco un cangrejo, rollo güiri, solo me faltan los calcetines y las chanclas jjjj. Ala churri vamos a tomar una que eso todo lo cura, días de playa, días felices, eso si perfectos para nada...
   


con las preciosas mochilas de Caperucita y el lobo de 


ainssss hay imágenes como esta que me enamoran...


mi trasto con conjunto de Lolittos que me chifla
y Converse en


carinas que lo dicen todo...


todo el día imito a mi tata jjj...


a ella le encanta el biquini con la parte de arriba,
pero mami no la ve así que foto solo por detrás...
Lo cogimos en 


no puede ser ma bonita la toalla que le encargamos a 


¡nos encanta!


cada uno a su rollo jjj...


a jugar...


modo felicidad on...


venga una foto solo mami...


me mola mil la parte de atrás del bóxer...


yo al charquito solo...


pero a la muñe le encanta el mar...


Iker ven...
noooooooooo jajaja


la felicidad es una decisión que tenemos que tomar todos los días...




Un besazo y feliz viernes...




          Watchworthy Wednesday: Listen to Youth to Improve Education        

Christopher Emdin, associate professor of science education at Columbia University, Teachers College, opened his keynote address at this year’s SXSWedu (South by Southwest Education) Conference with a little history of the Dinka Tribe of Sudan. Ages ago, he explained, Dinka children suffered from an outbreak of tetanus, which causes “lockjaw,” so they couldn’t open their mouths to eat. As a solution, the tribe decided that tooth extraction would allow the children afflicted by the infectious disease to drink liquids even when their jaw muscles clamped shut. The practice continued, generation after generation, even after the young

The post Watchworthy Wednesday: Listen to Youth to Improve Education appeared first on DML Central.


          Revista de Letras, premiación        
Edgard recogiendo el premio en Barcelona. Fuente: revista de letras
Trofeo transparente y e-reader turquesa (¿no se podía escoger el color?) en casa de Edgard. Foto: moleskine

No solo me emociona que votantes de muchos países hayan marcado click para votar por mi blog. No me emociona solamente el haber ganado el premio de Revista de Letras, ni las felicitaciones de estos días, ni el compartir el premio con bloggers que admiro como Vicente Luis Mora, ni el e-reader que ya quiero tener en mis manos (y olvidarlo en un taxi, probablemente, como mis libros, mis llaves y mi iphone). Lo que más me emociona es haber compartido este momento con mi hermano Edgard, quien fue a recibir el premio por mí, saliendo de su encierro en una playa a una hora de Barcelona. Te quiero mucho, hermano. Gracias por estar ahí (Y no te bajes puros comics, pues, no seas sapo... ¿y no había otro color de e-reader?). Les dejo aquí una página con fotos de la ceremonia y un video realizado por Canal-L.

Además, una carta de Josep. A. Muñoz, director de Revista de Letras:

Queridas, queridos,

Febrero fue frío, pero en Revista de Letras nos mantuvimos calientes. Como os comentaba en la carta anterior, hemos dedicado unos días del mes de febrero a la novela negra, aprovechando la visita a Barcelona de algunos autores del género. Por nuestra portada fueron desfilando los más interesantes y podemos presumir de haber cubierto la cuota, entrevistando tanto a algunos extranjeros como a los nacionales, grandes olvidados por el resto de medios, más preocupados por ir detrás de las suecas (¿volvió el landismo y no me dí cuenta?) que a por los escritores que escriben en nuestra lengua. Satisfechos quedamos.

También disfrutamos de lo lindo sudando la gota gorda con los Premios Revista de Letras. El 20 de febrero, en el acto celebrado en la librería Bertrand, pudimos conocer a algunos de los bloggers nominados. Para los que hacemos la revista, fue un acontecimiento: nuestro primer acto público, que se saldó con una puntación más que decente. Desde luego, y a pesar de las soplapolleces que llegué a decir (lo siento, de Buenafuente nada, mi escuela es Escenas de matrimonio) no hubo altercados ni sonaron las alarmas. Estuvimos bien arropados por Arantxa Mellado, Antonio Quirós y Enric Sierra. Si aún no sabéis quienes son estos fieras, buscad en "google".Desde aquí, una vez más, quiero agradecer a toda la gente que nos acompañó, a los participantes, finalistas y ganadores, a los que "vinieron en nombre de...", amigos, compañeros, colaboradores y personas y/o empresas que nos apoyaron. Creedme, sin vosotros nada de esto hubiera sido posible. Un abrazo a todos.El golpe de efecto de la velada (también conocido desde hace unos días como "efecto Almodóvar"), lo dió el citado Enric Sierra, anunciando la próxima incorporación de RdL a la oferta cultural de LaVanguardia.es.

Eso sí, que nadie se frote las manos ni se las lleve a la cabeza. Para mal de muchos, Revista de Letras seguirá siendo libre como el sol cuando amanece. Nos parece un sueño poder estar ahí, en un medio digital de referencia. Es una gran responsabilidad y haremos lo posible para mantenernos a la altura. No será el único acuerdo en el que nos veamos involucrados. En próximos días nos encantará anunciar otro, relacionado con contenidos audiovisuales. Hasta aquí puedo leer.

Tras el "febrerillo loco", llega "marzo ventoso". Avanzo que modificaremos ligeramente nuestra home para hacerla más atractiva si cabe (escribo esto y entorno los ojos). Serán pequeños retoques, tranquilos. Y empezaremos a cargar pilas para lo que se avecina en abril: el inevitable "Día del Libro". Este año, pretendemos hacer algo especial para esa celebración. Buscamos cómplices. ¿Quién se ofrece?

Cuidado con los bisoñés.

Feliz mes de marzo.

          Hard cases...        
...make bad law, as the saying goes.  However (I suspect you could see that word coming), this case is a perfect example of why we need the amendment to the Human Rights Act that I have been saying is needed for some time now.

It seems that Mr Jumaa Kater Saleh arrived in this country in 2004 as an asylum seeker, aged 16.  His asylum claim was refused, but where the claimant is a child we allow them to remain here until 18.  At the age of 18 he (naturally) made a further application to stay here, which was being considered when he was arrested for sexual offences.  He was convicted on specimen charges of sexual activity with a 13-year-old girl.  It seems that the three victims, described as"far from mature for their age" were lured to a house and assaulted by Saleh and three others.  Even at its face this is a disturbing crime, but I cannot help but wonder whether anything is concealed by the fact that he was convicted on a specimen charge that was (perhaps) straightforward to prove and required little by way of traumatic experiences in Court for the witnesses?

Anyway, he served his sentence and was then set to be deported back to Darfur... except that he claimed that this would be in breach of his human rights as "he would face inhuman and degrading treatment in Sudan, in breach of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights".  On that basis, he could not be deported.  So he was held in an immigration detention centre while the Home Office tried to work out what to do with him; the Court has just ruled that he cannot be held indefinitely and declared that he is entitled to compensation for being held beyond what was reasonably necessary.

The Telegraph is up in arms because we are going to have to compensate a foreign paedophile.  Once again, the media spectacularly misses the point.  Of course we have to compensate him; if our civil servants are incompetent enough to hold someone illegally, then compensation will be due regardless of how unpleasant the individual is.  There are two much more glaring problems leaping out of this case than the simplistic "Arrrgghhh immigrant paedo money waste!!!" headline that the Telegraph has grabbed.

First... his original asylum application was refused.  In other words, it was decided that he would not face persecution if sent home.  Then, his Human Rights application was successful, on the grounds that he would face persecution if sent home.  Someone needs to think about that.

Second, and this is the point I have been making for some time, his argument that being sent back to Darfur would breach his human rights was made under Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights, that "he would face inhuman and degrading treatment in Sudan".  Inhuman and degrading treatment... in other words, treatment akin to (say) a sexually immature 13-year-old being dragged of the street into a strange house and being sexually assaulted by four men?  Is it not an utter and rank hypocrisy to resist being sent to your own country on the grounds that, once there, you might be subject to treatment of the same class as you did actually inflict on a national of the country that accommodated you?

It isn't a huge change to the Human Rights Act that we need.  Just a little one.  Just one that says you can't use a human rights defence to protect you from the consequences of your own denial of the same human right to another.

Just that little change.  That's all.
          Former Chicago Bulls player Luol Deng sells Northbrook mansion for $1.8M        

Former Chicago Bulls forward Luol Deng on June 14 sold his seven-bedroom, 10,100-square-foot French Provincial-style stone mansion in Northbrook for $1.753 million.

Now with the Los Angeles Lakers, the Sudanese-born Deng, 31, played for the Bulls from 2004 until he was traded to the Cleveland Cavaliers...


          Hayal Etmekten Asla Vazgeçme        
Sevgili kızım, uzun bir aradan sonra sana yeniden yazma fırsatı bulduğum için çok heyecanlıyım. Son dönemde hayat bizim için o kadar tempolu geçti ki çok istememe rağmen sana yazmaya bir türlü zaman bulamadım. 2015 yazının sonuna doğru artık bizim içinde tatil zamanı geldi. Şu anda Bodrum’da kaçamak yaptığımız şirin ve keyifli bir butik oteldeyiz. Annen ve senle birlikte dinleniyor ve keyifli vakit geçiriyoruz. Bu huzurlu atmosferde bende fırsattan istifade geçtiğimiz bir yılda yaşadıklarımızı yazmak ve sana hatıra olarak bırakmak istedim.

Canım kızım, nasıl oldu bilemiyorum ama yıllar ilerledikçe hayatımızda pek çok şey daha iyiye gitmeye başladı. Bunda bizimde hayatı daha doğru yorumlamamızın ve olgunlaşmamızın etkisi de var sanırım. Hayatımızdaki gelişmelere gelirsek ilk olarak güzel ve önemli haberle başlayalım. Kısa süre sonra abla olacaksın. Çekirdek ailemize yeni bir üye geliyor. Annen sen ve ben bir süredir bunun heyecanı içindeyiz. Senin de kardeşin için heyecanlı olman, onun için söylediğin güzel şeyler bizi çok mutlu ediyor. Ben ailede tek çocuk olarak büyüdüm. Bir kardeşin eksikliğini çok hissettim. Yıllar sonra kamplar sayesinde bir sürü kardeşim oldu. Elimden geldiğince onlara ağabeylik yapmaya gayret ettim. Hala da ağabeylik yapmaktan büyük keyif alıyorum. Ama hayatı paylaştığın bir öz kardeşin yeri her zaman farklı olacaktır. Ona ablalık yapmak seni olgunlaştıracak, sorumluluk yönünü geliştirecektir. Büyüdükçe birlikte oyunlar oynayacak, sırlarınızı paylaşacak, acı ve tatlı anlarda bir birinize destek olacaksınız. Sen ona ablalık yaparken o da sana bir kardeş olarak sahip çıkacak ve ablasını her zaman koruyacaktır. Biz anne ve baba olarak sizlere bu değerleri kazandırmaya çalışacağız. Bir tanem senin hayatımıza katılmanla yaşadığımız mutluluk kardeşinin de aramıza katılması ile perçinlenecek ve ailemizin mutluğu büyüyecek. Annen ve ben sizlerle sağlıklı, huzurlu ve mutlu bir hayat sürmek için sabırsızlanıyoruz.
Bu yılın önemli gelişmelerinden biri ise bu sene hazırlık sınıfına başlayacak olman. Annenle yaptığımız değerlendirmeler sonrasında seni, benim ortaokul ve lise yıllarında burslu okuduğum, annenin ise üniversiteyi okuduğu İSTEK Vakfının evimize yakın olan Semiha Şakir Barış İlkokuluna yazdırdık. Bu okulun hayat görüşü ve etkinlikleri ile seni geliştireceğine ve hayata daha donanımlı şekilde hazırlayacağını umuyoruz. Okulunun, evimize ve senin okul dışı etkinliklerine yakın olması bu kararımızda önemli rol oynadı. Bu sayede seninle daha fazla vakit geçirme imkanı bulacağız.

Sevgili Begüş, geçtiğimiz aylarda seninle birlikte bir çok etkinliğe katılıp çeşitli faaliyetler yaptık. Bunlardan en önemlileri yüzme-jimnastik antrenmanların ve Almanca derslerin oldu. Annen ve ben senin sağlıklı ve sportif bir genç bayan olmana çok önem veriyoruz. Sportif geçmişlerimizden gelen deneyimle sana bu alanda en iyi olanakları sunmaya gayret ediyoruz. Annenin çektiği videoları izlediğinde, seni daha 6 aylıkken Alaçatı’nın serin sularına bıraktığımızı ve seni deniz ile tanıştırdığımızı görebilirsin. O dönemde videonu izleyen bir çok kişi buna inanamamıştı. Ama sen zamanla suyu daha da çok sevmeye başladın. Kamp dönemlerinde seninle sık sık denize ve havuza girdik. Seni cesaretlendirmeye özen gösterdik. Geçtiğimiz yıl yelken kampı sonrasında Bodrum’da benimle başladığın yüzme eğitimin bu kış daha ciddi bir boyut kazandı. Kış dönemi süresince sevgili dostumuz ve Su Topu Milli Takım Antrenörü Hakan Şahbaz’la birlikte antrenman yaptın. Büyüdüğünde Hakan Hoca’ya çok müteşekkir olacağına eminim. Senin yüzmeyi sevmende ve kendini geliştirmende katkısı çok büyüktür. Bir antrenörden öte bir ağabey olarak sana çok sıcak yaklaştı. Seninle beraber havuza girmekten seninle oyunlar oynamaktan hatta yeri geldiğinden seni okuldan alıp antrenmana götürmekten çekinmedi. Her antrenmanda seni özenle ve gayretle çalıştırdı. Bizde annenle sizi yakından takip ettik. Kurduğunuz dostluğu izlemek bizim için ayrı bir keyifti. Hakan hoca bundan sonra bizim ailemizin en yakın dostlarından biri olacak. İlerleyen yıllarda onunla daha sık vakit geçirecek ve deneyimlerinden faydalanacağız. Bir ağabey ve bir spor adamı olarak sana ve gençlerimize çok şey katacağına inanıyorum. Bugün 5 yaşındasın ama bir çok yetişkinden daha iyi yüzüyorsun. Saatlerce sudan çıkmıyor türlü hareketler yapıyorsun. Balıklama dalıyor, dipten gidiyor, omzumdan ve tekneden atlıyor, bacaklarımın arasından geçiyorsun. Bende bu rahatlıkla senin her yerde yüzmeni destekliyorum. Senin de annen ve benim gibi suyu sevmen denizden ve havuzdan çıkmak istememen beni öyle mutlu ediyor ki hayatımın bu döneminde hayallerimin bir bir gerçeğe dönüşmesini tadını çıkartıyorum.
Diğer yandan yine bu yıl içerisinde düzenli olarak jimnastik antrenmanlarına devam ettin. Bu konuda da sana genç ve başarılı jimnastikçi dostumuz Ebru Karaduman destek oldu. Kış boyunca onun atölyesindeki antrenmanlara katıldın. Jimnastiğin senin fiziksel gelişiminde önemli katkısı olacağına inanıyoruz. Atletik ve güçlü bir fiziğe sahip olmanın yolu iyi bir jimnastik alt yapısından geçiyor. Bu yüzden seni imkanlarımız doğrultusunda Ebru’nun jimnastik çalışmalarına götürmeye devam edeceğiz. Hatta bu yıl antrenmanların temposunu biraz daha arttırmayı planlıyoruz. Çünkü sen yerinde duramıyorsun bir tanem. Taklalar, amutlar, parendeler atarak her tarafa koşturuyorsun. Bizde keyifle seni seyrediyoruz.
Bu sene anneni ve beni çok heyecanlandıran başka keyifli deneyimlerimizde oldu. 2015 yılında katıldığın kamplarda snowboard, kayak, sörf ve wakeboard yapmaya başladın. Hip-notics’deki wakeboard kampında Alman arkadaşın Lola ile birlikte seni kneeboard ve wakeboard yaparken görmek bizim için çok heyecan vericiydi. Alternatif sporlardaki ilk deneyimlerini annenin senin için hazırladığı 6 yaş videosunda izleyebilirsin. Adrenalin meraklısı ebeveynler olarak senin de board sporlarını seviyor olman bizim için çok sevindirici. Yaşın ilerledikçe bizimle dünyanın her yerince seyahat edecek ve özgürlüğün tadını çıkartacaksın.
Dünyayı dolaşmak deyince Begüm koçu ve Almanca derslerini de unutmamak  lazım. Biz seni dünyanın her yerinden yaşayabilecek her milletten her dinden insanla dostluk kurabilecek bir genç olarak yetiştirmeye gayret ediyoruz. Bunun içinde dünya dillerini konuşabiliyor olman çok önemli. Bu kış Begüm koç sana Almaca öğretmeye başladı. Bu hem onu hem de seni geliştiren bir tecrübe. Begüm koç sana Almanca’yı eğlenceli şekilde öğretmek için çok çalışıyor. Birlikte şarkılar söylüyor, oyunlar oynuyorsunuz. Hayvanları, meyveleri ve sayıları öğreniyorsun. Ä°leride bu çalışmaların sana çok katkısı olacaktır. Ayrıca Begüm koç gibi kendi ayakları üzerinde durmayı başaran örnek bir koçla zaman geçirmek bizi de çok mutlu ediyor. Siz iki Begüm beraber takılırken bizde annenle keyifle sizin sohbetlerinize kulak misafiri oluyoruz.
Sevgili kızım, bizim anne ve baba olarak sana verebileceğimiz en değerli şey sevgimiz. İkimizde seni çok seviyoruz. Bu yüzden vaktimizin büyük bölümünü sana ayırmaya özen gösteriyoruz. Seninle ve ileri de kardeşinle daha fazla zaman geçirebilmek için işlerimizi daha mobil ve serbest zamanlı hale getirdik. Annen çektiği fotoğraf ve videolarla ailemizin en güzel deneyimlerini ölümsüzleştiriyor. Ve gelecek için bize çok güzel hatıralar hazırlıyor. Bende organize ettiğim kamplar ve seyahatlerle sizi dünyanın ve Türkiye’nin farklı noktalarına seyahat ettiriyorum. Böylece hem ailece birlikte daha çok vakit geçiriyoruz hem de bir çok farklı deneyimi birlikte yaşıyoruz.
Bir tanem, sen ileri de ne yapmak istersin, nasıl bir yaşam sürmek istersin bilemiyorum. Ama biz her türlü kararından senin yanında olacağız. Seni destekleyip manevi olarak cesaretlendireceğiz. Kalbimiz ve sevgimiz her zaman seninle olacak. Annenle biz sahip olduğumuz tüm olanakları kendi imkanlarımızla kazandık. Ailelerimizin manevi desteği hep bizimle oldu ama bu hayatta acı tatlı bir çok deneyimi yaşayarak öğrendik. Yaşadıklarımız bize öğretti ki insan en iyi beceriyi yaşayarak ve deneyimleyerek kazanıyor. Bu yüzden biz sana ve kardeşine hayatı yaşayarak keşfetmeniz için gerekli fırsatları sunacağız.

Hayat yolunda ilerlerken sizde farklı tecrübeler yaşayacaksınız. Bazen düşecek ve yaralanacaksınız bazen başarılarınızla gök yüzüne uçacaksınız. Bazen hata yapacak, yanılacak, kaybedecek ve üzüleceksiniz. Ama ne olursa olsun yeniden ayağa kalkacak ve yolunuza devam edeceksiniz. Hatalarınızdan ders alacak ve yeniden yeniden deneyeceksiniz. Hayatta hiç kimsenin ve hiçbir şeyin sizi hayallerinizden hedeflerinizden uzaklaştırmasına izin vermeyeceksiniz. Vermemelisiniz. Bu bizim size en büyük mirasımız.  Biz aileniz olarak seni ve kardeşini adil, dürüst, cesur, modern, mütevazı ve iyi kalpli insanlar olarak yetiştirmeye çalışıyoruz. Sizden de tek beklentimiz iyi insanlar olmanız. Okul hayatı, iş hayatı vs. bunların hepsi sizi gerçek hayata hazırlayacak antrenmanlar. Bizim en büyük hayalimiz sizi sağlıklı, mutlu ve huzurlu insanlar olarak görebilmek. Onun dışındaki her konuda siz kendi özgür deneyimlerinizi yaşayacaksınız. Bizde sizlere bu yolda rehberlik etmeye devam edeceğiz.
Güzel kızım, baban artık 30’lu yaşların sonuna yaklaşıyor. Bu dünyada geçirdiğim her saniye bana çok şey kattı. Acı tatlı yaşadığım tüm tecrübeler bana hayatı nasıl yaşamam gerektiğini öğretti ve öğretmeye de devam ediyor. Yıllar ilerledikçe mutluluğun ve huzurun maddiyatta değil insanın ailesinde olduğunu öğrendim. Bugün en büyük mutluluğum annen sen ve yeni doğacak kardeşinsiniz. Yaşadığım deneyimlerle bu hayatta nasıl ayakta duracağımı, düşersem nasıl ayağa kalkıp yola devam edeceğimi öğrendim. İlk başlarda acı gelen pek çok olay için bugün “ne kadar şanslıyım, iyi ki de bu deneyimleri yaşamışım” diyorum. Artık hayallerimin peşinden daha da cesurca koşuyorum. Sizlerden aldığım enerji beni hayata daha da tutkuyla bağlıyor.

Gençlik turizminde faaliyet gösteren bir yönetici olarak bugüne kadar gençlerle hep iç içe oldum. Yüzlerce gençlik kampında görev yaptım. Kamplarımıza katılan gençlere hayat yolunda ağabeylik, rehberlik yapmaya çalıştım. Onlarla birlikte sevindim, birlikte üzüldüm. En güzel anları onların yüzündeki mutluluğu seyrederken yaşadım. Yıllar içerisinde bir çok genç arkadaşım, dostum ve kardeşim oldu. Kamplar bana çok şey kattı. Bugün sana da çok şey kattığını gözlemliyorum. Yaptığımız kamplar sayesinde senin sağlıklı ve güvenli bir atmosferde büyüdüğünü, olgunlaştığını, güvenilir ağabey ve ablaların yanında yetiştiğini görmekten büyük keyif alıyorum. Bu yüzden ilerleyen yıllarda hep birlikte vakit geçirebileceğimiz, dünya gençlerinin bir araya gelmesini ve hayatı paylaşmasını sağlayacak bir kamp tesisi yapmayı hayal ediyorum. Sahip olduğum maddi imkanlarla bunun zor olduğunun farkındayım ama senden aldığım enerji ve birlikte kurduğumuz hayaller beni öyle motive ediyor ki bir gün bu hayalimizi hayata geçireceğimize yürekten inanıyorum. Mutfağında birlikte doğal kahvaltılar hazırladığımız, geceleri kamp ateşi etrafından gitar eşliğinde şarkılar söylediğimiz, havuzunda çılgınca eğlendiğimiz, partilerinde dans ettiğimiz bir kamp tesisini hayata geçirmek için planlar yapıyorum. Umuyorum ki yakın zamanda bu konuda yol alacak ve ilerleyeceğiz.
Bir tanem, günlüğümde bir yazının daha sonuna geldik. Babişkon fırsat buldukça sana yazmaya devam edecek. Yukarıda yazdığım gibi sakın hayallerinden vazgeçme. Her zaman hayallerinin peşinden koş. Para, kariyer önceliğin olmasın. İnsan hayal ettikçe ve hayallerini gerçekleştirdikçe mutlu olur. Benim en büyük hayalim mutlu ve huzurlu bir aileye sahip olmaktı. Ben sizler sayesinde buna kavuştum. Bundan sonra yaptığım her şey sizlerle daha güzel zaman geçirebilmek için. Baban olarak sana en önemli tavsiyem fırsat buldukça hayal kurman ve hayallerinin peşinden koşman. Ben her zaman yanında olacak ve seni destekleyeceğim.

Seni çok seviyorum bir tanem.


Babişko

          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          Post 'Cristal Oculto...'        
Autor: Manu Cordova, con fecha 18/04/2011 08:38

Y seguimos por el monte. <br><br>Esta vez vamos a un recóndito paraje, el pico Tendeñera, de lo más alejado del Valle de Tena, y donde hay alguna joyita, no muy larga pero súper bonita. Esta vez hacemos uno que se llama "Cristal Oculto" una joya abierta por Quique Villasur y que rara vez se ve en condiciones. Este año sí, y ahora es el momento de ir...jeje.<br><br>La verdad es que ha sido un disfrute, han faltado los esquís para el descenso, pero con este hombro....como que no!!<br><br>Al día siguiente bien temprano voy a Telera, esta vez a la gran diagonal, donde me lo paso de vicio echando una sudada de película. Está en las últimas pero aún no hace falta tocar roca. Llego a la cima sudando y casi mareado....jeje El descenso como estaba nublado por el paso horizontal sin problemas...Y a comer a Zaragoza que hay asado!!jeje<br><br>Ya vamos recuperando!! <br><br>A ver estos días que nos traen!! Ver post | Ver más blog
          Post 'Y el hombro se salió de nuevo...:('        
Autor: Manu Cordova, con fecha 03/04/2011 18:46

Bueno, como yo siempre soy positivo...¡No hay mal que por bien no venga!<br><br>Ya llevo una semana parado, y no he escrito antes porque me era imposible. Eso si que es chistoso, no podía ni escribir en el ordenador. Aunque viendo como estaba el lunes por la tarde...(menos mal que los colegas estaban ahí haciéndome reír que si no... )Se me han trastocado un poquillo los planes, las 12 horas de riglos se han esfumado para mí, aunque ya iremos a darles víveres a los que estén sudando!!jeje...bueno, no pasa nada. Me parece que nos va a tocar ir al monte y no escalar, que tampoco esta mal!!<br><br>Por otro lado me viene bastante bien para acabar mi proyecto, del que no queda mucho, pero si se esta todo el día arriba y abajo...jeje ya se sabe. ¡¡Que nos dan las uvas!!<br><br>Me quedan unas semanas de tranquilidad y reposo, espero poder estar dando paseos por el monte algunos días y contemplar el paisaje sin echar la baba por ahí. <br><br>Así que nada, a armarse de paciencia se ha dicho!! Ver post | Ver más blog
          Post 'TENGO UNA FLOR...'        
Autor: Manu Cordova, con fecha 21/10/2009 22:51

Hace poco me dijeron que tenia una flor en el culo... ¿Sera verdad?<br>Pues la verdad es que no lo se, lo que si se, es que aquí hemos tenido una muy buena oportunidad para subirnos al Torre, pero por diversas circunstancias no se ha culminado el proyecto.<br>Bueno, todo es relativo, la verdad es que el tiempo ha sido bueno por tres días, con aire pero despejado, y aunque las condiciones no eran buenas, ya que la pared estaba blanca... puse en teoría un lema muy habitual en mi, "Si hay buenas condiciones bien, si no... ¡también! ".<br><br>Ponemos rumbo de nuevo al glaciar del torre, esta vez con destino a noruegos, y no al vivac de los Españoles, sin dejar de mirar, cuando nos deja la tormenta, las condiciones invernales de la pared. Hemos salido con mal tiempo y fe ciega en la meteo que dice que mañana empezara a mejorar hasta el miércoles, entonces tendremos tres días para avasallar la maestri con calma...<br>Tras 6 horas de aproximación esta vez si que encontramos noruegos, unos 700m por encima de nuestro anterior vivac, lo que hace que al día siguiente no tengamos que bregar demasiado para llegar a la pared...<br>Al llegar, lo típico, una repisa de nieve, a cocinar y a "dormir". Como suele pasar en estas ocasiones Murphy hace aparición y nuestros sacos ultraligeritos, 600g, no toleran demasiado bien los 3cm de nieve que nos caen, así que a rascar frío sea dicho...<br>A las 3:15 cansados de "dormir" decidimos ponernos ha desayunar y vestirnos de romanos para emprender la batalla.<br>La aproximación es mas llevadera que la anterior a la Standhart, aunque no nos libramos de abrir huella, un rato lo hacemos por encima de la cintura, con un avance casi imposible, para mas INRI estamos debajo de un serac ¡justo cuando mas lento vamos! que gracia...<br>Bueno, al pasar este tramo cogemos verticalidad, hasta que vemos los primeros resquicios de escaladores, todo lleno de cordinos, cuerdas... estamos escalando el hombro. Son unos 400m de escalada no muy difícil, que según las condiciones se complica...como siempre vamos. A nosotros no nos lleva demasiado y a las 10 AM ya me estoy preparando en la base del primer largo a ver que tal se nos da hoy.<br>La verdad que me impone un poco al principio, ya que aunque la dificultad no es excesiva, 5.10, eso de que en el topo ponga OW (offwith) me pone los pelos de punta, y si encima lo he de hacer con crampones, mochila y tapizado de nieve...para que os voy a contar.<br>Sin pensarlo demasiado, le ataco sin compasión, jurando como siempre, ya que mis manos cada vez que les quito los guantes se me hielan de lo lindo, voy reptando en la vertical, hago un tramo bastante duro, y decido, viendo la chimenea que me sigue, dejar colgada la mochila para hacer con mas seguridad estos últimos metros hasta la reunión. Consigo llegar a la reunión sin mas contratiempos y pensando en lo duro que va estar, pero bueno, el principio es lo mas complicado, así que a sufrir un poco...<br>Le toca a Edu, y eso de escalar por la roca con los crampones, y si encima la roca esta lisa... pues no es demasiado de su agrado. La mochila le estorba como un muerto a las espaldas, y después de jurar de lo lindo en el OW, se encuentra una sorpresa, ¡otro saco de patatas! Sube como buenamente puede por esos últimos metros de chimenea, hasta llegar a la reunión con una cara de "descompuesto"... pero bueno, ha recuperar mientras yo escalo el siguiente largo.<br>Este lo marca de A0 con un tramo de libre, el principio me resulta mas fácil, y el libre, aunque tapizado, no me lo pone muy difícil, solo un par de juramentos acordándome de mis mono punta, de la mochila... para terminar un pequeño péndulo me deposita en la segunda reunión.<br>Le toca a Edu, y por el tramo de A0 va bastante bien, pero al llegar al péndulo, "algo no va bien" le cuesta bastante, pero bueno, llega a la reunión, donde de nuevo a descansar...<br>Yo encaro el tercer largo, debatiéndome entre un OW, o una placa de 6a+, la verdad es que ninguna de las dos opciones me llena de alegría...así que al final, me decanto por la placa.<br>Progreso con cuidado, la placa la verdad es que no es muy difícil, pero te agarras a unas panderetas que estresan un poco... pero bueno, no me caigo, que ya es bastante, y consigo llegar al tramo que marca de A1+ lo cual me permite relajar los brazos...llego a la reunión, y decido empalmar con el siguiente largo ya que tengo bastante material, y el siguiente lo marca de 5.7.<br>¡lo DIFICIL QUE PUEDE LLEGAR A SER UN 5.7! Subo ese tramo sudando la gota gorda...pero al fin ¡reunión!.<br>Pienso en lo que le va a costar a Edu, subir por este monolítico terreno, pero bueno, ¡ya se apañara! Así que nada, comienza a escalar, le noto bastante lento, pero bueno es normal, es difícil... comienzo a oírle jurar, rejurar...hasta que oigo un "¡esto esta imposible!" la verdad es que es muy duro escalar con una mochila y los crampones por este terreno, pero bueno.... Edu sigue jurando pero sigue subiendo, hasta que llega a la reunión de debajo mio... ¡Manu, que por aquí yo no subo! Al principio no le creo... la verdad es que le ha costado un buen rato, pero bueno ha subido... Al final cuando me lo vuelve a decir le comienzo a creer...¡que golpe para la motivación! La verdad es que vamos genial, y ya hemos hecho lo mas duro... pero bueno, cuando no se puede, no se puede, así que muy a nuestro pesar... ¡para abajo sea dicho!<br>Con las lagrimas en los ojos nos batimos en retirada, y tras unos cuantos rápeles estamos de nuevo en el glaciar, camino de noruegos y de nuestro frió vivac... que de torcidas ya las cosas, pues Murphy decide poner un ventilador esa noche, y de nuevo nuestros sacos ultra light nos dejan pasar un frescor... pero bueno por lo menos comemos bien, ya que acabamos con todas las provisiones para los tres días para así no tener que bajarlas.<br>Al día siguiente esperamos a movilizar con el sol, y de nuevo a nuestra cabañita...<br>Ahora a aprovechar estos días ha hacer bloque, un poco de deportiva y a ver que nos depara el futuro... Ver post | Ver más blog
          Comment des réfugiés sud-soudanais font du foot un instrument de paix, au-delà des clivages        
Manyangson Ngong, le capitaine de l’équipe Lucky Start du camp d’Ayilo. Photo : Oxfam

Blog: Comment des réfugiés sud-soudanais font du foot un instrument de paix, au-delà des clivages

Tandis que la Coupe du monde bat son plein au Brésil, une compétition d’un autre genre a lieu dans le nord de l’Ouganda. Dans les districts d’Arua et d’Adjumani, de jeunes réfugiés sud-soudanais ont formé des équipes de football afin de jouer pour la paix.

« Jamais je ne me serais attendu à en arriver là. Bor, l’école et mes amis me manquent », témoigne Manyangson Ngong, le capitaine de l’équipe Lucky Start du camp d’Ayilo. Le conflit qui a poussé tant de personnes à fuir pour sauver leur vie a aussi coupé court à ses études, à Bor.


          Conflits en Afrique : pas question de jouer les prolongations        
Camp de déplacés de Mingkaman, Soudan du Sud. Photo : Pablo Tosco/Oxfam

Blog: Conflits en Afrique : pas question de jouer les prolongations

Des millions d’Africaines et d’Africains, parmi les 3,2 milliards de spectateurs à travers le monde, suivent la Coupe du monde qui réunit actuellement les plus grandes stars du foot. Dans toute l’Afrique, des enfants passionnés du ballon rond rêvent ainsi de gloire, scotchés à leur écran de télévision.


          Soudan du Sud : la lutte des femmes pour survivre dans une guerre d’hommes        
Femmes au camp pour déplacés de Mingkaman, Soudan du Sud. Photo: Pablo Tosco/Oxfam

Blog: Soudan du Sud : la lutte des femmes pour survivre dans une guerre d’hommes

Mary est Dinka, et Knyah est Nuer – les deux ethnies qui s’affrontent dans une lutte pour le pouvoir au Soudan du Sud. À première vue, rien ne les unit. Pourtant, elles ont beaucoup en commun. Ce sont deux femmes qui se battent seules pour s’en sortir dans une guerre menée par les hommes.


          Qui assurera la protection des refugiés au Soudan du Sud ?        
Qui assurera la protection des refugiés au Soudan du Sud ?

Blog: Qui assurera la protection des refugiés au Soudan du Sud ?

Mardi matin, nous avons reçu des mauvaises nouvelles de Malakal. L’équipe d’Oxfam présente sur place a rapporté que la capitale de l’État du Haut-Nil subissait de violents assauts militaires. Nos collègues, qui s’employaient à promouvoir la santé parmi les personnes réfugiées dans l’enceinte de l’ONU, ont dû se mettre à l’abri dans les bunkers de la base. À cette heure, ils attendent encore que les combats se calment, avant d’être vraisemblablement évacués.


          La population sud-soudanaise de nouveau en proie aux violences        
La population sud-soudanaise de nouveau en proie aux violences

Blog: La population sud-soudanaise de nouveau en proie aux violences

Trois ans à peine après avoir vu le jour, le plus jeune pays au monde, le Soudan du Sud, commençait seulement à connaître la paix. Mais voici qu’il retombe dans les affres de la violence. Depuis que les combats ont éclaté à Juba, la capitale, le 15 décembre, près de 10 000 personnes ont été tuées et 400 000 autres ont dû fuir.


          Guión completo para ocho personajes con tema del fútbol        
Este guión completo para ocho personajes requiere de 3 actrices y 5 actores, es un texto de Vivian Blumenthal y si quieres montarlo de manera profesional debes ponerte en contacto con la persona que tiene los derechos de la obra (puedes dejarme un comentario y te mando el correo de quien te puede hablar sobre los derechos). Es una obra muy divertida con el tema del futbol, pero también hace una crítica social sobre condiciones de vida pésimas por la mala gestión del gobierno. Espero te guste.





Guión completo para ocho personajes

¡Hoy juegan las Chivas!*


(*O cualquier equipo se soccer que se desee elegir, tal como: "¡Hoy juega el América!", etcétera.)


Dramatis Personae:

SOFÍA: Joven mujer. Casada con Nacho desde hace pocos años.

NACHO: Ingeniero. Aficionado al fútbol.

DR. JAIME: Médico de Seguridad Social.

LIC. HERIBERTO: Divorciado cuarentón.

MONA DE SERRADO: Esposa de Ulises, con avanzado embarazo.

ULISES SERRADO: Macho chovinista.

MARINA: Maestra solterona y metiche.

ABOGADO: Típico transa.

(Apartamento reducido, decorado de manera moderna y agradable. Una pequeña sala y cocineta con barra-comedor es la parte visible del inmueble. Al fondo, una frente a otra, hay dos puertas que representan las recámaras. En la pared hay un calendario con la foto de un equipo de soccer. En la sala hay un librero con una televisión, libros y algún trofeo sencillo de fútbol. Otra puerta, la de acceso al apartamento, se nota pintada con grafiti cuando se abre. Hay una ventana muy cercana al proscenio.
    La escena está algo oscura pues empieza a anochecer y no hay mas luz que la de algunas veladoras sobre la mesa de centro de la salita.)

    (Sofía, sentada en la sala, reza con vehemencia y gran velocidad e interrumpe sus oraciones para hablarle directamente al público.)

    SOFÍA: "Dios te salve María, llena eres de gracia, el señor es contigo bendita eres entre todas las mujeres y bendito el fruto de tu vientre Jesús, santa María madre de Dios, ruega señora por nosotros pecadores, ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte, Amén. Dios te salve María llena eres de gracia, el señor es contigo, bendita eres entre todas las mujeres, y bendito es el fruto de tu vientre Jesús..." (al público) Quién me viera ahorita, si ni yo misma me reconozco... "Santa María madre de Dios..." - Estoy rezando el rosario, con veladoras prendidas y toda la cosa... "Ruega señora por nosotros pecadores, ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte..." (se para en seco) ¿Muerte? ¡No permitas una muerte súbita! Amén. "Dios te salve María llena eres de gracia..." (al público) Esto sí que tiene gracia, yo que no me paro a misa los domingos, que a falta de rosario me estoy ayudando a contar con estos cacahuatitos, sólo dependo de la fe. Recen conmigo no sean así, ya sólo me falta medio misterio. Yo empiezo y ustedes hacen el responso, ¿sale? "¿Gloria al Padre al Hijo y al Espíritu Santo?..." (Esperando respuesta del público) No ¿verdad? Ustedes no vinieron aquí a rezar: ya sé, pagaron un boleto para ver un espectáculo, para que se les cuente una historia. ¡Claro!, si no, se hubieran metido a una iglesia, y gratis además. Bueno, no se preocupen que de aquí no se van a ir sin que se les cuente una historia. La mía, en vivo y a todo color. No sé por donde empezar, si por el principio o por el final...En fin: yo soy Sofía Andrade, casada, pero no esperen que les diga yo soy Sofía Andrade DE García, las cosas han cambiado, ¡uuhhhh! Antes se decía que una se casaba con la familia del marido, pero desde hace tiempo ya no. Ahora una se casa ¡pero con el fútbol!: Sofía Andrade de Chivas, o Sofía Andrade de Cruz Azul o de Real Madrid. Por lo que a mí respecta, el fútbol puede llegar a convertirse en el principal rival de la mujer en el matrimonio, y esta historia, por supuesto, está íntimamente relacionada al fútbol. Y yo estoy rezando para que caiga un gol, ¡un gol!, de la Selección Nacional. (Se persigna) ¡Cuándo me hubiera yo imaginado! La verdad es que si no fuera por el dichoso fútbol, mi vida sería otra cosa. ¿A poco no?: (se escucha música de Jazz ligero. Nacho sale de una habitación y se sienta en la sala escuchando un radio portátil pegado al oído) Un marido cuya pancita no ha menguado sus atractivos, un bello domingo, lleno de promesa de renovación, la oportunidad de salir del estrés, con un día de campo, una salida cultural, o simplemente quedarse en la tranquilidad del hogar viendo una buena película, o ¿qué tal una cena romántica con música de jazz al fondo (Sofía se mueve al ritmo de la música de manera cachonda, jala del brazo a su marido invitándolo a bailar. Nacho con una mano sostiene la radio y con la otro el talle de su mujer, baila completamente fuera de ritmo, y luego se vuelve a sentar.)

    ¡PERO NO! Cualquier propuesta se ve truncada por el clásico domingo futbolero, y por más que quiera una abstraerse, no hay música que sobreviva estas narraciones:

(Sofía narra gangosamente.)

    "El centro delantero se la pasa a Peróxido Luján, Moctezuma Smith hace un pase de cabeza al Veloz Vélez, Veloz Vélez, al argentino Modesto Rubio, pero es interceptado por Primitivo Madrazo quien lanza un tremendo cañonazo y .…....pegó en el travesaño"

    (Recobra su tono de voz.)

    Al cabo de los interminables dos tiempos extras, tiros de penal, y de reciclar otros tantos cartones de cerveza, olvídate de salir ni a la esquina, los claxon están chillando, las banderas ondean en cada automóvil conducido por un maniático y francamente no se va a poner una al arbitrio de los hooligans... Sólo te queda un marido de aliento alcohólico, que cambia cada cinco segundos el control de la televisión, pues para colmo ¡ve dos juegos a la vez!

    (Se escucha sonido de estadio. Cae un gol, y se oye al locutor anunciándolo vehementemente: "¡GOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOL!" Aparece Nacho cargando un radio portátil, de donde sale la narración futbolística, y bañado en lágrimas abraza a Sofía)

    SOFÍA: ¿Cayó el gol?

    NACHO (llorando): ¡Sí!

    SOFÍA: De los contrarios.

    NACHO: No.

    SOFÍA: ¿De los nuestros?

    NACHO: (asiente bañado en lágrimas.)

    SOFÍA: ¿Entonces por qué lloras?

    NACHO: ¡Fue un autogol!

    SOFÍA: Alto, alto, engarrótateme ahí. (Nacho se congela) Bueno, creo que estoy empezando al revés. Esta parte ya es para finalizar la trama. Pero no se enojen si ya les conté el final, que al fin y al cabo ya nos hemos acostumbrado a los fracasos. Mejor nos regresaremos al día en que me parecía de lo más intrascendente el marcador final de cualquier torneo de fútbol. Mi marido no traía puesta esta gorra, sino este saco (le quita la gorra y le pone un saco en los hombros). Era una noche en la que como de costumbre nos habíamos quedado sin energía eléctrica.

    (Se ilumina de golpe la escena.)

    NACHO (saliendo del congelamiento y poniéndose el saco): Vaya, hasta que llegó la luz, con tantos cortos circuitos se puede incendiar el edificio. Apaga esas velas Sofía. Ya no deben tardar los vecinos (Tocan a la puerta). Te lo dije: ahí están.

    (Nacho abre la puerta y deja entrar a los vecinos, mientras tanto Sofía apaga las veladoras.)

    SOFÍA (al público):Todo empezó con una junta vecinal para quejarnos sobre el deplorable estado de este edificio nuevo. Sí, nuevo, porque aunque está prácticamente en ruinas, apenas y cumplió dos años de construido.

    NACHO (a los vecinos): Pásenle. Siéntense por favor.

    SOFÍA (al público): Esta pareja que viene entrando aquí, son los presidentes de la honorable asociación de matrimonios cristianos, aunque a mí se me afigura que nomás andan desnudando con la vista a todo el mundo. (A los recién llegados) ¿Gustan un refresco?

    MONA: (voltea a ver al marido.)

    ULISES: ¿Tienes Coca Cola?

    SOFÍA: No pero hay...

    ULISES: Ahorita no, gracias.

    MONA (a su marido): ¿Puedo?

    ULISES (a su mujer): Toma asiento. (Mona toma asiento)

    MARINA: ¿Se puede? (Trae una charola que lleva directamente a la barra del comedor) Traje unos sandwichitos, porque "es bueno el encaje, pero no tan ancho".

    SOFÍA (al público): No podía faltar Marina, que está enterada absolutamente de todo lo que sucede en este edificio.

    MARINA: Ahí vienen el doctor Ramírez, recién llegado de una cirugía de emergencia, y Don Heriberto. Los Ascencio, no están, porque los mandaron llamar de la escuela de los hijos, ya ven que son unos vagos...

    (Entran Jaime y Heriberto y toman un lugar en la salita.)

    JAIME: Nada más estábamos esperando a que volviera la luz.

    ULISES: Haber si no hay otro apagón.

    HERIBERTO (tomando asiento): Con permiso.

    SOFÍA (al público): Jaime y Heriberto, además de profesionistas, grandes fanáticos futboleros. Estos apacibles caballeros son capaces hasta de matar al calor de un partido.

    NACHO: Pasen. Pasen por favor, tomen asiento. Bueno, pues que les parece si vamos empezando.

    JAIME: Sí, cuanto antes mejor. (Mirando su reloj) Van a pasar un especial sobre El Mundial en el canal nueve.

    (Todos están de acuerdo.)

    NACHO: Bueno pues, como quedamos en la junta anterior, ya acudí a un bufete jurídico especializado en este tipo de litigios. La constructora tiene que cumplir con lo que prometió. (A Heriberto) Tú, Heriberto, no viniste...

    MARINA: Pero yo ya lo puse al tanto de todo.

    HERIBERTO: Lo más molesto son estos apagones tan frecuentes, y precisamente ahora que está por empezar el Mundial de fútbol.

    JAIME: La instalación eléctrica está para llorar.

    MONA: Y eso que cambiamos al horario de verano, que si no, ya amenazaban con dejarnos de plano a oscuras.

    MARINA: ¡Toco madera!

    MONA: ¿Y qué me dicen de la fachada? La pintura se deslavó con las primeras lluvias. Parece mentira que usen mejor material esos vándalos para sus "ráfitis", ésos sí que no se despintan con nada.

    ULISES (Corrigiendo): ¡Grafitis mujer!

    NACHO: Bueno, como les iba diciendo, de acuerdo con el abogado, necesitamos, en primer término, darle algo al magistrado, unos dos mil o tres mil pesos, para que acelere las cosas, porque si esperamos el curso normal, el litigio podría durar una eternidad. También hay que acercarnos al diputado de distrito. Ya ven como ha criticado esos anuncios oficiales de "La vivienda es deseable para todos". "Vivienda desechable" dice él; ¡ah, y otra tajada a la secretaria de la constructora...!

    JAIME: ¿También a la secretaria?

    NACHO: ... para que nos facilite copias de las evidencias: compras de materiales inadecuados, etc. (A Sofía) Pasa las hojas para que firmen y vean más o menos de a cuánto nos va a salir levantar la demanda. Cuando ganemos, vamos a recuperarlo todo.

    ( Sofía pasa las hojas de los presupuestos, los vecinos las firman, miran, se rascan la nariz, tosen, en fin, manifiestan su espanto al ver la cifra presupuestada.)

    SOFÍA (al público): Ya de que empiezan a toser y a tocarse la nariz, es que no van a soltar ni un quinto...

    NACHO: Bueno, alguien diga algo ¿no?

    ULISES: ¡Ah caray! Yo sí firmo, pero de momento no puedo dar dinero.

    JAIME: No sale tan barato que digamos.

    NACHO: Véanlo como una manera de salvar su inversión. La plusvalía de nuestro edificio es nula en estas condiciones.

    SOFÍA: ¡ Cómo vamos a permitir que nos vean la cara de idiotas! El drenaje tampoco funciona bien.

    HERIBERTO: ¡Para qué gastar en abogados! La inmobiliaria se declaró en quiebra. Ésa era su jugada: pedir préstamos bancarios, usar de pretexto la construcción de viviendas de interés social - que de por sí tienen fama de estar en pie prácticamente con alfileres -, embolsarse tres cuartas partes del dinero, declararse en quiebra y órale, a ingresar a las listas del FOBAPROA: ¡El negocio del milenio!

    NACHO: De acuerdo, pero yo siento que hay una luz, precisamente nuestro diputado de distrito declaró por televisión su total desacuerdo ante la impunidad de los beneficiados por el FOBAPROA...

    MONA: ¡Cómo puede hablar de impunidad ese excomulgado que apoyó el aborto de la niña Paulina!

    JAIME: No me digan que van a entrar en controversias de política y aborto, justamente cuando está por empezar el reportaje especial sobre la Selección Nacional de fútbol.

    ULISES (mirando su reloj): Sí es cierto. Está por comenzar.

    HERIBERTO: Van a entrevistar a Hans Kovasevich, nuestro director técnico, y va a explicar en qué se basó para escoger a los jugadores.

    ULISES: A mí me indigna que no vaya a ir Primitivo Madrazo, solamente porque es un poco agresivo.

    MONA: ¿Un poco? La noche en que golpeó a su mujer y a su amante, el muy cínico, las mandó al mismo cuarto de hospital. A las dos las entrevistó canal 4, y ambas lo justificaron. ¡Yo no sé cómo pueden aguantar tanto!

    ULISES: La mujer debe comprender siempre al marido y por ende saber perdonar.

    MONA (sumisa): Sí mi amor.

    (La conversación aquí toma gran entusiasmo y hablan a la vez, interrumpiéndose.)

    HERIBERTO: Pero van Peróxido Luján y el Veloz Vélez. En las estadísticas nosotros somos el cuarto lugar, según la FIFA.

    NACHO: Ahí están equivocados, porque vamos a dar la sorpresa. Por fin la Raza de Bronce se llevará la presea de oro.

    SOFÍA: ¡Oigan, no cambien de tema!

    JAIME: Depende también del arbitraje, ya ven cómo están de vendidos...

    MONA: Pues no sabré de fútbol, pero yo veo lo que veo: son rete maricones, se revuelcan del dolor, y cuando ves la repetición espontánea, resulta que ni los rozaron.

    ULISES (expresión de enfado e impaciencia hacia su mujer): ¡Repetición simultánea, mujer!

    HERIBERTO: Oigan, si no ganamos es porque somos la peor afición. Nada más criticamos a los pobres jugadores; acabamos con su autoestima. Con tanta mala vibra es imposible vencer ni al equipo de Belice. Otros países llenan los estadios - sin importar la lejanía- en donde va a jugar su Selección. Por eso triunfan.

    (Los vecinos asienten.)

    ULISES: Si no es por falta de ganas que no voy a apoyarlos. (En un arranque de sentimentalismo) ¡Tan bonito que se vería el estadio ondeando nuestra bandera por miles!

    HERIBERTO: Y el himno de nuestra Selección, cantado a todo pulmón: (canta)

    "El equipo tricolor, tiene mucho corazón, y en la cancha lo demostrará..."

    (Todos cantan y terminan con la clásica porra, a excepción de Sofía.)

    SOFÍA (al público): ¡Hay que ver lo patrióticos que son en éste campo!

    MONA: Pues vamos haciendo una rifa. En el colegio de mis niñas, los padres de familia dimos una aportación, y mediante un sorteo se escogerá a una pareja para que asista a la canonización de los mártires cristeros en el Vaticano.

    JAIME (muy interesado): A ver, a ver, ¿cómo está eso?

    ULISES (quitándole la palabra a su esposa): Es buena idea, miren: los aquí presentes, aportaremos una cantidad fija, y luego rifaremos cuál de nosotros se va a ir a Japón a apoyar a la Selección Nacional a nombre de este edificio.

    MARINA: ¿Y como en cuánto saldría?

    NACHO (hace cuentas):Déjenme ver: el pasaje transpacífico, hotel una estrella, alimentación mínima... No pueden ser menos de unos seiscientos dólares por persona.

    JAIME: Regalado. Yo le entro.

    ULISES: Aquí traigo lo del autofinanciamiento, total, Dios aprieta pero no ahorca.

    SOFÍA: ¿Pero qué va a pasar con la rehabilitación del edificio?

    HERIBERTO (ignorando a Sofía): Yo en la quincena sin falta traigo mi aportación, a menos claro, que yo sea el ganador. (Se ríe emocionado)

    SOFÍA: Nacho, ¡hazlos volver a la cordura!

    NACHO (a Sofía): Tráete los dólares que tenemos bajo el colchón.

    SOFÍA (aparte a Nacho): Pero, ¿y las vacaciones?

    NACHO: Pues ¿qué más vacaciones que ir a apoyar a la Selección Nacional hasta Japón?

    SOFÍA (al público):¿Ven? ¿Ven por que odio el fútbol?

    (Sale hacia la recámara)

    NACHO: Vamos haciendo unos papelitos con nuestros nombres. (Utiliza las hojas de los presupuestos para hacer los boletitos de una rifa.)

    ULISES: Mejor algo que vaya de acuerdo con las últimas cifras de la Lotería Nacional...

    HERIBERTO: Eso es muy enredoso y somos pocos participantes. Además, el que gane apenas tiene tiempo de hacer las maletas.

    JAIME: Ahorita mismo debe salir el ganador.

    MARINA: O la ganadora, pues yo también le entro.

    MONA: Qué les parece el que le atine al número de cacahuates que hay en el botanero. El que más se acerque es el ganador.

    JAIME: Se me hace buena idea. En la feria le atiné al número de chicles en una pecera y me llevé una bicicleta.

    ULISES: Yo le entro.

    NACHO: Bueno, está bien.

    HERIBERTO: Pásenlos para ir haciendo el cálculo...(pasan el botanero y todos van                     calculando)No son muchos... yo digo que cuarenta...y dos.

    MARINA (anotando): Don Heriberto cuarenta y dos.

    JAIME: A ver, a ver, yo calculo cincuenta....no sesenta, bueno cincuenta y cinco cacahuates.

    MARINA (anotando): El Dr. Jaime: cincuenta y cinco.

    ULISES: Yo digo que cincuenta cerrados.

    MARINA (anotando): Mona y Ulises cincuenta. Ahora voy yo. Déjenme ver, yo digo que treinta y ocho... (a Nacho) Ya sólo faltas tú de apostar Nacho.

    SOFÍA ( entrando con el dinero): Aquí están los dólares.

    NACHO (a Sofía): ¿Cuántos cacahuates hay en el botanero mi amor?

    SOFÍA: ¿Cómo quieres que sepa?

    NACHO: ¿Tú cuántos crees?

    SOFÍA (hace foco al altar de la virgen): ¿Cuarenta y cinco?

    MARINA: Nacho, cuarenta y cinco.

    (Todos Ad libitum,: "Vamos a contarlos". Se ponen a contar los cacahuates, hasta que llegan al número de cuarenta y cinco.)

    MARINA: Cuarenta y cinco, ni más ni menos. ¡Nacho, eres el ganador!

    NACHO (fuera de sí): ¡Gané, gané, gané! ¡Me voy al mundial! ¡Me voy al Mundial!

    (Los vecinos le aplauden, lo felicitan y abrazan)

    JAIME: Ni hablar. Felicidades vecino.

    HERIBERTO:

    ¡Qué envidia! ¡Y de la mala, de la mala! ¡Qué suerte! Has por hacerte presente ante las cámaras, para verte por la televisión.

    ULISES: No me pesa, porque vas en nuestra representación a apoyar a nuestra Selección, a gritar a todo pulmón, a infundirles ánimo... ¡A defender a la Patria!

    MARINA: Pues a mí la verdad sí me pesa, tenía tantas ganas de conocer Japón. A lo más que he salido es a Mac Allen. Pero bueno, me conformo con que me mandes un saludo por la televisión, ya ves que hay muchos corresponsales entrevistando a la afición. Busca a uno, y dices: "Le quiero mandar un saludo a Marina Loza Sánchez, maestra de la secundaria federal número 66, que cooperó con parte de los ahorros de toda su vida, para que yo pudiera realizar este viaje y así apoyar a nuestra selección nacional"

    NACHO: Es lo primero que voy a hacer.

    ULISES: ¡Ni hablar!

    NACHO: Es cuestión de horas lo de mi salida. Faltan sólo 36 para la inauguración.

    ULISES: Vete sin pendiente, que nosotros acompañaremos a Sofía, y estaremos al pendiente de tu casa.

    NACHO: Gracias, muchas gracias a todos.

    JAIME: Ya son las nueve. Con su permiso, me voy a ver el especial deportivo.

    HERIBERTO: Vamos, vamos.

    MONA: Nos traes un recuerdito: un llaverito, una taza conmemorativa...

    SOFÍA (con coraje): O, ¿qué tal un balón haciéndose el "harakiri"?

    NACHO: Cuente con eso Doña Mona.

    (Los vecinos se despiden y van saliendo)

    ULISES: Apúrate Mona.

    JAIME: Tengo guardia, pero lo bueno es que hay televisión en la sala de terapia intensiva. Luego nos vemos.

    MARINA (asomándose por la ventana): Ya es tarde y no llegan los Ascencio todavía.

(Todos salen a ver el programa. Nacho le da un fuerte beso en la mejilla a Sofía y va a encender la tele pero ella lo intercepta.)

    SOFÍA: ¿Qué haces?

    NACHO: El programa...

    SOFÍA: Ignacio, espera un momento, tenemos que hablar.

    NACHO (Nacho enciende la TV): ¿Ahorita?

    SOFÍA (al público): Aquí se me pusieron las cosas color de hormiga, pero puse a prueba mi poder de convencimiento, ya no se trataba únicamente de las vacaciones o la remodelación urgente del edificio, quería ver quién tenía más poder sobre mi marido, si el fútbol o yo. Claro, el reto- en términos deportivos- tenía "grado de dificultad diez". Imagínense persuadir a un marido de renunciar a ir, con gastos pagados, al campeonato mundial de fútbol. Probé todo. Primero toda la fuerza matriarcal reprimida por generaciones: (a su marido. Autoritaria) Ignacio, ni te ilusiones porque tú no vas a ir a Japón...

    NACHO ( en tono burlón ): ¡Ja, ja!

    SOFÍA (al público): ¿No funcionó el autoritarismo? Bueno, probemos el uso de la razón y el sentido común (a su marido): Nacho, mira, vamos siendo realistas: por fin tenemos en nuestras manos dinero suficiente para contratar a un buen abogado. Finge que vas al mundial, pero en realidad te quedas aquí, y con el dinero demandamos a esos bandidos de la constructora. No es deshonesto, porque vamos a usar el dinero para el bien común. El torneo futbolero se acaba en unos días, en cambio el patrimonio de nuestras viviendas durará para siempre.

    NACHO (toma el teléfono): ¿Reservaciones 24 horas? Sí, buenas noches, sí, quiero hacer una reservación a Osaka Japón... ¿Abrieron dos nuevos charters? Excelente. Sí espero...

    SOFÍA (al público): ¿Qué tal entonces un poco de chantaje emocional? (A su marido) En todo caso soy yo la que ganó el viaje, puesto que fui la que adivinó el número de cacahuates del botanero. Así que yo decido no ir, y emplear el dinero en otra cosa... por ejemplo, demandar a la constructora.

    NACHO (al teléfono): ¿El paquete incluye entradas a cuatro partidos de nuestra Selección?     (Grito de entusiasmo) ¡Eeeeeeeeh!

    SOFÍA (al público):No quería llegar a estos extremos, pero ahora toca el turno al fatalismo amarillista, algo que le llegue duro y directo (a su marido, en tono melodramático): Imagínate el peligro que corren nuestras hijas, nuestras gemelitas, rozagantes y cachetoncitas. Si el edificio se incendiara, por las fallas eléctricas, moriríamos achicharrados, y si sobreviviéramos tendríamos que volver a vivir a casa de mi mamá.

    NACHO (cuelga el teléfono): ¡Con tu mamá otra vez no! ¿De qué diablos estás hablando? ¡Pero si aún no tenemos hijos!

    SOFÍA (al público): Ahora el tiro directo (Sofía se sienta sobre él, cara a cara, con una pierna en cada costado, dejando ver sus piernas de manera provocativa): Eso quiere decir, que tenemos mucho trabajo por hacer tú y yo en nuestro campo de juego. Tienes derecho a un tiro libre en mi portería, ¿Qué tal si me metes un gol? ¿mmmmmmm?

    NACHO: Eres una diabla, una perversa... (Sofía se desabrocha la blusa) ¡Ay mamá! Un momento: ¿Y a dónde se supone que iré todos estos días?

    SOFÍA: Te quedarás en tu despacho. Total, solamente serán unos cuantos días, porque de acuerdo a las estadísticas de los pasados veinte campeonatos, nuestra Selección estará de vuelta en casa al finalizar la primera ronda.

    NACHO: Eres fría y calculadora.

    SOFÍA (insinuante): Nada de fría. ¿Iniciamos el partido?

    (Se vuelve a escuchar la música de Jazz. Nacho la toma en sus brazos como recién casados y salen de escena hacia la recámara. Cambio de luz. Tocan a la puerta con insistencia. Se escuchan cornetas y matracas. Sale Nacho de la recámara en bata, abre la puerta y entran los vecinos en total euforia cargados de sombreros estrafalarios, banderas y todo tipo de afiches propios de los aficionados al soccer. Se escucha la música de fondo dedicada al fútbol, cantada por Riky Marti: "¡Go, go, go! ¡Alé, alé, alé!")

    MARINA (alarmada): ¿No piensas irte, o qué?

    NACHO: S, sí de inmediato.

    SOFÍA (saliendo de la recámara): ¿Qué pasa?

    ULISES (le pone a Nacho un sombrero enorme, con los colores nacionales, y hasta con un águila devorando una serpiente): Ha estado conmigo en todos los clásicos. (Menciona jugadores de antaño) Hasta está impermeabilizado contra la lluvia ácida... (hace gestos dando a entender que se refiere a los orines, que arrojan en ciertos estadios) ... y adentro tiene un escondite para meter chupe. Llévalo con toda dignidad, como si fuera el penacho de Moctezuma.

    JAIME (pasándole una matraca): Es primera vez que me desprendo de ella (la besa). Cálala para qué veas que potencia.

    (Nacho da una vuelta a la matraca. Mona le pinta la cara con los colores nacionales. Los vecinos son muy ruidosos. Rematan con una porra.)

    MARINA: Ten. (Le da una bandera de buen tamaño) Eres el abanderado de la secundaria 66. Los alumnos están ilusionadísimos con que la bandera de su escuela la verán por televisión, desde Japón. ¡Ah! te traje estos chiles en escabeche para que no olvides los sabores de tu "México lindo y querido".

    (Todos gritan: ¡México! ¡México! ¡México! ¡Sí se puede! ¡Sí se puede! Etc.)

    HERIBERTO: Yo te traje el sarape oficial de la Selección Nacional. Póntelo. Lo acabo de comprar. No me lo vayas a devolver sin por lo menos un par de autógrafos de los grandes. ¿Entendiste?

    (Los vecinos lo cargan en hombros y gritan ¡Sí se puede! ¡Sí se puede!)

    NACHO (desconcertado): Pero, ¿a dónde me llevan?

    ULISES: ¡Cómo que a dónde! Al Aeropuerto, ¿o qué? ¿Te piensas perder el primer partido? (A su mujer) Vieja, tráete su maleta.

    SOFÍA (haciéndole el paro): Lo que pasa es que sale a las tres y media de la madrugada, ya está contratado el taxi y todo. Ustedes saben, los cambios en el horario...

    JAIME (a los demás vecinos): Bueno, en ese caso, hay tiempo de llevarlo a la parroquia para que el padre Ángel nos lo bendiga, ya ven como es de aficionado el señor cura al fut.

    ULISES: Te vamos a pasear por todo el vecindario. (A Sofía) Préstanos un bote para juntar más cooperación, le va a hacer falta.

    HERIBERTO (tomando el último sorbo de su cerveza en lata): No hace falta, usemos éste.

    MONA: Yo pongo la primer moneda para que haga ruido.

    NACHO: Pero, si estoy en bata...

    (Lo sacan en hombros ajuareado con los objetos y gritando con gran algarabía: Alé alé alé. Sofía se queda sola un instante.)

    SOFÍA (al Público): Bueno, como podrán ver, el arranque estuvo algo alborotado. Trajeron a Nacho en hombros como a un héroe por todo el vecindario y recabaron más dinero para el largo viaje. En cuanto mi marido pudo liberarse de esos fanáticos, se refugió en su despacho. A estas horas seguramente ya estaría en el país de los sushis. (Suena el teléfono) Debe ser él. Hola mi amor. ¿Estás bien instalado? ¿Qué te hizo falta? Déjame apuntar: una cobija, cepillo de dientes... Ajá. Sí corazón. ¿Hablaste con el abogado? ¡Qué bien! No vamos a tener que justificar nada. Cuando las cosas son gratis, nadie indaga su origen. ¿Cómo te les zafaste? Yo soy la que no me puedo librar de ellos, desde el mero día de la inauguración no he tenido un minuto de paz: ven los partidos todo el día aquí en la sala, brincan en los sillones, muerden los cojines, vacían el refrigerador... ¡Hasta sueño que estoy en Japón en medio de una multitud de androides! Lo bueno es que nadie sospecha que no estás viendo el partido en vivo a diez mil kilómetros de distancia, sino vía satélite a escasas 50 cuadras de aquí. (Escuchando que se acercan los vecinos) Tengo que colgar. Yo también te amo, hasta muy pronto.

    (Cuelga abruptamente al escuchar que se aproximan los vecinos que saltan de gusto. Se instalan frente a la televisión de Sofía.)

    MARINA (que alcanzó a escuchar las últimas palabras de la conversación): ¿Cómo llegó? ¿Qué tal Osaka?

    SOFÍA (sobresaltada): M-m-muy bien. Cansado, desde luego. ¡Un viaje tan largo!

    (Los vecinos se instalan, prenden la televisión y se disponen a ver el partido.)

    ULISES (a su mujer): Vieja, arrímate unas chelas.

    (Mona se dirige al refrigerador y saca unas cervezas.)

    SOFÍA (al público): Me siento fuera de lugar en mi propia casa. No entiendo por qué no pueden ver los dichosos partidos en otro lugar. Bueno, ni al baño puedo ir porque siempre está ocupado.

    (Se escucha una narración gangosa y muy exagerada, parodiando a los locutores futboleros. Los vecinos reaccionarán con una "coreografía del espectador": se toman de la cabeza, se concentran, se ponen de pie, se vuelven a sentar, protestan, se enojan, se emocionan, sudan, se comen las uñas etc. Finalmente caerá el gol, y habrá la consiguiente reacción.)

    VOZ DEL LOCUTOR FUTBOLERO: "Nuestro equipo está sacando la casta frente a un contrincante preparado para todo, son gladiadores dispuestos a dar la vida si es preciso. Peróxido Luján, controla el balón, cinco africanos furiosos lo persiguen, lo acechan como si fueran antropófagos hambrientos, no lo dejan dar el pase... fuera. Saque de manos. Peróxido se la pasa a Moctezuma Smith, Guandú del equipo africano le mete zancadilla. ¡Fault!, el árbitro lo ignora, Cuautémoc se revuelca en el suelo, el partido continúa, Bandú, se la pasa a Dirau, Dirau corre a gran velocidad, esquiva a Vélez, se le escapa a Luján, tira y.......El portero mexicano ha desviado el potente disparo con la punta del pie izquierdo, por algo se le dice el hombre de chicle, que se estira, que se pega al balón, todo el equipo mexicano brinca sobre de él, lo besan, se le trepan, le han torcido la espalda al hombre de chicle. "Recuerde, la goma de mascar oficial del Mundial es Adams, el chicle que está en boca de los ganadores." Marcel Prust, el árbitro francés, en busca del tiempo perdido, ajusta su cronómetro. Nuestro portero, el Chicle Ortiz lanza el balón al otro lado de la cancha, lo recibe Veloz Vélez con un golpe de cabeza y... GOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOL de Méx... No señoras y señores, el árbitro está marcando fuera de lugar, y sí, efectivamente es fuera de lugar. Veloz Vélez protesta, hace una pataleta, le sacan, no, no es la tarjeta amarilla sino la tarjeta Américan Express, la llave del mundo. El equipo africano está en estado de trance, no hay quien los detenga, es un juego sucio y antideportivo el que exhiben, meten zancadilla y patadas a diestra y siniestra, Ramírez está en el suelo, herido, revolcándose del dolor después de que Yandrú le ha dado certera patada, en la espinilla, el árbitro por fin reacciona y saca la tarjeta roja para Yandrú que es expulsado del juego. Ramírez es sacado en camilla, ambos equipos juegan con diez hombres mientras que el Director Técnico de México, el señor Hans Kovasevich decide quién entrará en lugar de Ramírez. Es efectivamente el Chichicuilote Chávez quien entra, parece toro de lidia que entra con toda su fuerza al ruedo, tiene el balón, se le esquiva a Guandú, a Velao, y a Macuna Matata, da un tiro con la izquierda y Gooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooool.....

    TODOS LOS VECINOS: ¡Goooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooool!

    (Bailan, se abrazan, brincan sobre los sillones!)

    SOFÍA: ¡ No brinquen todos a la vez, miren como se cimbra el edificio, no confío en que aguante la cimentación!

    JAIME (a Sofía): ¿Sabes qué significa este gol?

    SOFÍA: ¿Qué?

    HERIBERTO: ¡Que ya pasamos a octavos de final!

    SOFÍA (casi histérica): ¡Ay no! (Al ser vista por todos con sorpresa, trata de disimular) Lo que pasa es que ya extraño demasiado a mi marido.

    MARINA (con malicia): No es bueno que una mujer extrañe demasiado al marido...

    ULISES: Estoy feliz de que Nacho esté allá. Es muy importante la presencia de los aficionados para animar al equipo.

    MARINA: ¡Miren, ahí está Nacho!

    MONA: ¡Hablando del ruin de Roma!

    (Todos se abalanzan a la televisión.)

    TODOS: ¿Dónde? ¿Dónde?

    MARINA: Allí, tamaño hormiga, pero es él, a unos cinco centímetros del anuncio de Marlboro. ¡Ah, lástima, ya cambiaron la toma!

    ULISES: ¡Mi sombrero! ¿Traía puesto mi sombrero?

    HERIBERTO: Cámbiale al canal 8, ahí pasan los partidos diferidos, y lo podemos volver a ver.

    SOFÍA (al público): ¡Lo van a ver otra vez! Necesito mi privacidad. Esto está peor que si estuviera Nacho viendo el fútbol. Ahora sí que me agarraron en Off side. ¡Parece que ya se mudaron a mi sala! (Súbitamente, se le ocurre una idea, y se dirige a sus vecinos exageradamente amable.) Se quedan ustedes en su casa, tengo que salir. (Toma su bolsa y se pone lápiz labial.)

    MARINA: ¿A dónde tan pintadita?

    SOFÍA: Al supermercado.

    MONA: ¡Qué bueno! Porque tienes el "refri" vacío.

    ULISES: Tengo un hambre atroz.

    HERIBERTO (albureando): Más vale un hambre atroz que un hombre atrás.

    JAIME: Tampoco hay cervezas.

    Ulises: En serio: hace falta más botana.

    SOFÍA (irónica): ¿Algo más?

    (Los vecinos no le contestan; están embebidos viendo la televisión. Sofía sale, y al cabo de unos segundos se va la luz.)

    ULISES: ¡Otra vez el maldito corto circuito!

    HERIBERTO: Pero eso ya no es cosa del edificio, sino de la CFE y a nivel nacional.

    MONA: Por lo menos alcanzamos a verlo en vivo.

    MARINA: Yo quería ver de nuevo a Nacho. ¿Se fijaron si traía la bandera de mi escuela?

    (Algunos niegan con el gesto.)

    HERIBERTO: Bueno, pues lo mejor será retirarnos a descansar. Mañana los juegos se van a poner cardíacos.

    JAIME (a manera de despedida): A propósito, ya me tengo que ir al hospital.

    MONA: Pero doctor, casi no ha dormido...

    JAIME: Me voy a echar un sueñito en la sala de urgencias.

    MARINA: Ni lo piense. Con los festejos del triunfo de hoy, las salas de urgencia de los hospitales van a estar a reventar: congestiones alcohólicas, fracturas por caídas de los monumentos, hasta heridos por balas perdidas...

    JAIME (bostezando): Es cierto. Mejor me reporto enfermo.

    ULISES (a Mona): Vámonos pues, vieja.

    (En cuanto todos salen, vuelve la luz, y entra Sofía sigilosa.)

    SOFÍA: En ésta ocasión no fue el corto circuito (se ríe). Apagué el interruptor general por unos minutos y ¡bingo!: al fin sola, en mi casa, en silencio. ¿Ir al mandado? ¡Imposible! : entre tantas manifestaciones de euforia, remedos de "batucadas", el tránsito está parado, y es cuando rompen los vidrios de los coches. Bueno, es tiempo de acomodar este mugrero. (Sofía recoge platos sucios y acomoda su sala. Música ambiental.)

    ( Al público) Así cumplió mi marido catorce días de estancia en el país Nipón... Bueno, ustedes saben, a fuerza de fingir, hasta yo misma lo creo en Japón...

    (Tocan a la puerta.)

    SOFÍA: Debí haber quitado los fusibles. Aquí vienen de retache. Pero se supone que estoy en el súper. (Se asoma por el ojo de la puerta)¿Quién es?

    ABOGADO (en off): Soy el licenciado Fermín Camarena, me envía el Sr. Ignacio García.

    SOFÍA (abre la puerta, y hace entrar rápidamente al licenciado): Pase, pase, soy Sofía Andrade, su esposa.

    ABOGADO: Encantado de conocerla. Permítame obsequiarle esta bolsa de recuerditos de las elecciones pasadas las perdimos por culpa de esos tecnócratas que no saben de mercadotecnia: jabones, bolígrafos, camisetas, mandiles, encendedores, balones, en fin detallitos que no cae nada mal tener a la mano (mira a su alrededor).

    SOFÍA: Muchas gracias. Tome asiento por favor. Usted dispensará el tiradero, pero con esto del Mundial...

    ABOGADO (entusiasmado de tocar el tema): ¡Qué juegazos hemos visto! Holanda, como siempre se ha lucido, y ¿qué tal los jugadorazos de Brasil? Lo que sí me sorprende es lo de nuestra Selección, que eso de llegar a cuartos de final nunca se había visto: mire que ganarle a Argentina, Italia, Alemania y Uganda... eso amerita estar en el mismísimo estadio...

    SOFÍA (interrumpiendo): Perdone que lo interrumpa licenciado, pero, ¿decía que tiene algún mensaje de mi esposo?

    ABOGADO: Sí, sí señora, precisamente lo dejé en los juzgados, pero nos van a hacer falta diez mil pesos a fin de, como quién dice, "meter nuestro gol de oro" en este asunto.

    SOFÍA: ¡Diez mil pesos! ¿De dónde? Qué raro, Ignacio sabe que a duras penas si llegamos a los tres mil.

    ABOGADO (remendándole): Precisamente señora, si usted me dejara hablar... Ignacio me dijo que viniera por esos tres mil pesos, puesto que él ya consiguió el resto, aprovechando mis contactos y que se pusieron de modo en el juzgado, porque regularmente esto cuesta el triple... ¿Apoco no esta feliz con la noticia señora?

    SOFÍA (sin entusiasmo): México en cuartos de final.

    ABOGADO: Aparte de eso, ¿no le ha dicho su esposo que los de la constructora ya se comprometieron a asignarles un departamento completamente nuevo, y nada menos que en la colonia Providencia?

    SOFÍA: (emocionada): ¡No, no sabía!

    ABOGADO: Perdone señora, seguramente ya arruiné la sorpresa que le tenía su esposo. Qué pena...

    SOFÍA (muy contenta): No se preocupe licenciado. ¿Entonces nos van a dar otro departamento? ¿Y bien construido, o otra cochinada como ésta?

    ABOGADO: Cómo cree señora. Entonces qué caso tendría el cambio. Precisamente, ya le hemos pagado a peritos para que verifiquen el perfecto estado de construcción del departamento nuevo que se les asignó. Ah, pero eso sí: con la condición de que guarden un secreto total con el resto de los vecinos.

    SOFÍA: ¿Quiere decir que la constructora no va a remediar todos los desperfectos que tenemos aquí?

    ABOGADO: La constructora es deudora, y aunque el FOBAPROA ya absorbió todo, dése de santos que a ustedes sí les van a responder.

    SOFÍA: ¿Pero, y los demás?

    ABOGADO: Los demás son unos apáticos. Ustedes son los que se han echado la bronca y han hecho todo el ruido. A la constructora le sale más barato mocharse con ustedes y que no se hagan más olas.

    SOFÍA: Le voy a hacer un cheque por los tres mil pesos.

    (El abogado hace cuentas y luego se pone a leer el Esto.)

    SOFÍA: ¿Dice que Ignacio está ahorita en los juzgados? (Mira su reloj) ¿Pues hasta qué horas trabajan?

    ABOGADO: Por eso le voy a pedir que no me entretenga, que ya nomás me está esperando Rosi, la secretaria, para poderse retirar, pues el documento debe llevar el sello con la fecha de hoy por cuestiones legales. Así que hágalo al portador y con fecha de ayer.

    SOFÍA (dándole el cheque): Sí, sí aquí tiene licenciado Camarena. Le ruego que salga sin que nadie lo vea, porque los vecinos de aquí son de lo más mitoteros...

    ABOGADO: Sí, sí, ya su marido me puso al tanto. Buenas noches, y ¡felicidades!

    (El abogado sale.)

    SOFÍA: Valió la pena. ¡Y en Providencia! ¡El sueño de toda mi vida! Me da pena por los vecinos, pero tiene razón el abogado: a ellos no parece interesarles nada que no sea el fútbol.

    (Mientras habla Sofía, entra Nacho sigilosamente sin que ella se percate. Trae un pasamontañas. La abraza por detrás y ella grita.)

    SOFÍA: ¡Ayyyyyyyyyy!

    NACHO: No te asustes, soy yo.

    SOFÍA: ¡Pero cómo pudiste...! ¿No te vio nadie?

    NACHO: Nadie. Tuve mucho cuidado. No aguanto ya más tiempo en el despacho. Los mosquitos me comen por las noches, los resortes del sofá están acabando con mi espalda y... además, ¿ya se te olvidó lo de las gemelitas? (Se pone cachondo.)

    SOFÍA: Nacho, mi amor, ¡tenemos que celebrar! pero, no debiste haberte salido del juzgado, en este momento el licenciado Camarena va en camino con el dinero.

    NACHO: ¿Cuál dinero?

    SOFÍA: Los tres mil pesos que me pediste para que se nos asigne el departamento de Providencia...

    NACHO (derrumbándose): ¿Le diste dinero a ese pillo? ¡Nooooo!

    SOFÍA: ¿Qué pasa Ignacio?

    NACHO: Que el dichoso abogado nos robó. Me sacó hasta el último centavo según él para repartir entre magistrados, jueces, secretarios, documentación... y todo para nada: la constructora compró al diputado y me tienen amenazado de muerte si seguimos adelante, porque no quieren que el asunto se politice. Creo que la cosa va en serio (se quita el pasamontañas y muestra su rostro golpeado). Ya me pusieron una calentadita para que lo entienda mejor. No he podido hablar con el abogado, parece que se lo tragó la tierra, y ahora me dices que le diste nuestro dinero!

    SOFÍA: ¡Nacho! ¡Mírate nada más! Nunca creí... ¡Cómo pude ser tan ilusa! En este país las ilusiones sólo se experimentan por televisión. ¡Me siento tan culpable!

    NACHO: No es tu culpa, yo también le creí el cuento ese del apartamento nuevecito... Ese cabrón me aseguró que la teníamos ganada, que el juez era su compadre...

    SOFÍA: Quédate un rato. Es peligroso, porque todos los vecinos te hacen en Japón, no salen de la sala, y si te cacharan aquí, no quiero ni pensarlo. Están más fanáticos que nunca con los triunfos de la Selección Nacional. Pero mira: como a eso de las cuatro de la mañana, te retachas a tu despacho. Imagínate si los vecinos se dieran cuenta del engaño... Lo bueno es que ya está por concluir todo.

    NACHO: ¿Concluir todo? Nunca en la historia de este país la Selección Nacional había llegado a las semifinales.

    SOFÍA: La locura es total, Dios nos libre de que pasen a la final, porque entonces sí se paraliza el país.

    NACHO (entra a la recámara y llama a Sofía): Mi vida, ven a consolarme, te necesito tanto...

    SOFÍA: Sí mi amor. Al menos nos tenemos el uno al otro.

    NACHO: Cierra bien las puertas.

    (Se escucha un jazz sensual. Sofía se dirige a la recámara. Cambio de luces. Se escuchan murmullos y movimientos torpes. Es Ulises que entra por la ventana del Apartamento. Luego sin hacer ruido abre la puerta por donde entran Mona y Marina, en ropa de dormir. Hablan en susurros.)

    ULISES: ¿Está segura de lo que dice doña Marina?

    MARINA: Ya decía yo que no es bueno que una mujer joven extrañe tanto al marido...

    (Ulises pega la oreja a la puerta, y escucha ruidos.)

    MONA: ¿Y ahorita mismo está con su amante?

    ULISES: ¡Desvergonzada!

    MONA: ¿Y cómo es el hombre?

    MARINA: Primero metió a un hombre muy trajeado, que salió feliz dando de saltos, y luego lueguito llegó éste otro que es todo lo contrario: háganse de cuenta que es el propio Subcomandante Marcos. ¿No la notaban impaciente, como que quería que ya nos saliéramos de su casa?

    MONA: Es que ya traía su plan. Además de adúltera, nos resultó con nexos guerrilleros... ¡Qué miedo! Mejor nos vamos.

    ULISES (a Mona): Nada de eso. La autoridad moral de mi investidura como presidente de los matrimonios cristianos, católicos apostólicos y amigos de Fox, me obliga a poner en evidencia una conducta a todas luces perversa. De tal manera que, así como Nacho nos está representando como afición en Japón, nosotros lo representamos aquí. Entre todos vamos a desenmascarar a esa puta.

    MONA: ¡Ulises!

    ULISES: Llámalos a todos.

    MONA: Sí, sí, enseguida. Con razón estaba tan renuente a pertenecer al grupo de matrimonios cristianos... (sale encarrerada.)

    MARINA: Pobre Nachito, tan lejos y ni se imagina que le están poniendo tamaños cuernos.

    (Se acercan a la recámara y escuchan jadeos fogosos.)

    MARINA: ¡Ave María Santísima! ¡Están - como dicen los chavos– en pleno "prau- prau"!

    ULISES (le tapa los oídos y se le repega cachondo): No oiga esas cosas. Permítame proteger sus castos oídos.

    MARINA: No crea que porque soy soltera no estoy al tanto en estas cuestiones: con mucha pena le digo que en la secundaria número 66, somos primer lugar nacional en embarazo adolescente... (lo tutea) Necesito un hombre como tú... para dar algunas conferencias en nuestro plantel, a veces me siento tan sola en mi labor...

    ULISES: Me encantaría, la sexualidad es un tema que debe introducirse a los jóvenes, ligado a los principios morales y religiosos para evitar caer precisamente (por los ruidos de la recámara de Sofía) en estas situaciones tan, tan...

    MARINA (se sostiene del brazo de Ulises): ¡Ay perdona! Como que me marié. ¡Esto no deja ser de lo más bochornoso!

    ULISES (abrazándola): Apóyate en mí Marina, una mujer siempre debe tener a su lado un hombre en el que pueda confiar de manera incondicional. Cuando te sientas sola, llámame, que al fin y al cabo somos vecinos y podríamos encontrar un tiempecito para consolarnos de tantas vicisitudes que nos toca vivir en nuestra vida profesional. Siempre te he visto a ti, como un destino vecino al mío, como un ángel generoso y comprensivo que se da sin exigir nada a cambio...

    MARINA: ¡Qué bonito hablas! Somos una especie como de almas gemelas, ¿No es así? (Se abrazan y cachondean.)

    ULISES (cachondamente. Por Sofía): ¡Mujer de la calle!

    MARINA: ¡Adúltera!

    ULISES: ¡Perra!

    MARINA: Todos los benditos hombres son tan puercos...

    (Entra Heriberto, Jaime y Mona. Ulises y Marina se separan abruptamente. Ulises les hace señas de que no hagan ruido. Hablan en susurros.)

    HERIBERTO: ¿Alguien me quiere explicar qué está pasando aquí?.

    ULISES: ¡Algo indignante!

    MONA: Sofía le está dando vuelo a la hilacha. Ahorita mismo está metida en la cama con un guerrillero.

    HERIBERTO: ¿Y para eso me despertaron? En estos momentos estoy muy por encima de todo: nada va a distraerme de este maravilloso sabor de boca que me han dejado los partidos. ¿No se dan cuenta de que estamos a punto de ser los campeones mundiales?

    JAIME: ¡Nada debe empañar esta satisfacción que nos embriaga a todos los mexicanos, en estos históricos momentos! Es como si el tiempo se detuviera: nadie llega a tiempo a trabajar, los bancos y las escuelas cierran a deshoras, la policía se hace de la vista gorda ante los desórdenes y los saqueos... ¿Cuál es el problema?

    HERIBERTO: Con triunfos como éste, ¡que viva la impunidad!

    MONA: ¡Son días de goles, regocijo y perdón!

    MONA: El cambio a llegado hasta para la Selección Nacional.

    ULISES: Está bien. Pero por mi investidura, tengo el deber de informarle a Nacho, con detalle, todo lo que ocurrió en su habitación durante su ausencia.

    JAIME: Bueno ya estuvo bien. Ya han sido demasiadas emociones por hoy, y el juego en vivo lo van a pasar de madrugada.

    HERIBERTO: En ese caso, vámonos ya.

    ULISES (a su mujer): Vete adelantando Mona, yo todavía me voy a entretener un rato más. (A Marina) Te acompaño...

    MARINA: ¡Siento un calorcito que me sube y me baja!

    (Los vecinos hacen comentarios entre ellos y ya para salir se asoma Sofía de la recámara, cubierta con una sábana.)

    SOFÍA: ¡Qué hacen ustedes aquí!

    MARINA (maliciosa): Ya sabemos el secreto que escondes, Sofía.

    SOFÍA (nerviosa): ¿Cuál secreto?

    ULISES: Pobre Nachito, es un verdadero mártir.

    SOFÍA: Pero ustedes merecen una explicación... Aparentemente, se trata de un engaño, pero no es así: Nacho quería cumplir, de todo corazón, pero a la hora de la hora no pudimos... fue mi culpa, yo lo presioné

    JAIME (bostezando): No necesitas explicar nada...

    HERIBERTO: Y disculpa la intromisión.

    SOFÍA (hacia adentro de la recámara): ¿Ya escuchaste Nacho? Son mucho más comprensivos de lo que nos suponíamos. ¡No necesitas esconderte ni un día más!

    NACHO (saliendo de la recámara): Gracias amigos.

    TODOS: ¿¡NACHO!?

    MARINA: ¿Dónde está tu amante?

    SOFÍA: ¡Cuál amante!

    MONA: El guerrillero que se metía por la ventana.

    HERIBERTO: ¿Qué haces aquí?

    JAIME: Te acabamos de ver en la tele, directo desde Japón...a menos que...

    MARINA: A menos que no fueras tú...

    MONA: Porque tú estás aquí...

    ULISES: Y si estás aquí, es porque no estás en Japón, y si no estás en Japón...

    HERIBERTO : ¡Es que nunca te fuiste!

    NACHO: Puedo explicarlo todo...

    ULISES (muy violento): ¡Canalla! ¡Yo te mato hijo de la ...!

    ( Ulises va a golpear a Nacho. Sofía se interpone.)

    SOFÍA: ¡No que no había problema!

    JAIME: Nos dijeron que habías metido a un hombre a tu cama, y eso es asunto tuyo, pero el que Nacho esté aquí y no en Japón, es asunto de todos nosotros: ¡pagamos para que estuviera apoyando al equipo en estos momentos!

    SOFÍA: Nacho sacrificó su sueño de ir al mundial, por un sueño de justicia. Todos los recursos se emplearon en el litigio.

    ULISES: Eso no cambia las cosas, imbécil. (Los vecinos lo detienen) Suéltenme, suéltenme...

    HERIBERTO: Nos engañaron.

    JAIME: Canallas.

    NACHO: ¿Qué les pasa? Yo me sacrifiqué de no ir al Mundial por el bien común, ¿y todavía me quieren madrear?

    JAIME: ¿Y tú quién eres para decidir qué es el bien común? ¿No sabes lo que es una democracia?

    SOFÍA: La democracia se alcanza cuando existe una mayoría que razona, y no con el voto de unos enajenados, manipulados por la publicidad y el fanatismo...

    ULISES: Aquí hubo fraude. Orquestaron todo desde un principio, hasta lo de los cacahuates ya estaba calculado con anticipación...

    SOFÍA: No. Pero, ¿de qué se quejan? Es igual que esté o no esté Nacho allá, el equipo ya pasó a semifinales.

    JAIME (casi en lágrimas): ¡Cuando más necesitan de nuestro apoyo!

    MONA: ¡Regrésame mis ahorros!

    NACHO: Se lo di todo al abogado.

    ULISES: Pues más te vale Nacho que no pierda la Selección, porque si p
          Ricette - Cucina siciliana - Pasta con aragosta (tanogabo)        
tanogabo scrive nella categoria Ricette che: L’aragosta si può ritenere la regina dei crostacei e dei frutti di mare! Non solo per i deliziosi sapori che trasudano da essa, ma soprattutto per la particolarità della sua conformazione! Pregiata,
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Cucina siciliana - Pasta con aragosta
          World Breastfeeding Week Highlights Plight Of South Sudan's Mothers        
Seven month-old Alex and his mom Rose fled South Sudan for Uganda.

World Breastfeeding Week 2017 has come to a close. This year, the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action is focusing on four key areas that influence women's ability to breastfeed.

They are:

  • Environment and climate change
  • Nutrition, food security and poverty reduction
  • Women's productivity and employment
  • Survival, health and wellbeing

Looking at those bullet points, I know that there is still so much work to be done. For women in some of the world's poorest places, all of these areas are working against, not for them.

Perhaps one of the toughest places to be a mother is South Sudan, where violence and drought have combined to create one of the most serious humanitarian crises of our time. Half of South Sudan's population, six million people, are at risk of starvation. Two million people are internally displaced, and another almost two million are seeking refuge and food in other countries.

Onesta, from South Sudan, breastfeeds her two month-old daughter Diana in a sweltering refugee tent.

A desperate journey

As we observed World Breastfeeding Week, mothers and children in South Sudan made the journey towards safe haven across the border into neighbouring Uganda. Many trekked for days and weeks through scorched bush in 40-degree heat. Children and mothers foraged wild fruits and filled punctured water containers at scarce wells and contaminated water sources.

Along the journey, there is no place to sleep, no ability to bring treasured or even practical belongings, no assurance that they will reach their destination.

For those who successfully cross the border into Uganda, there will finally be relief, safety and community. But even there, rations will be just enough to feed their bellies. The humanitarian community and the Ugandan government are struggling to be able to meet the basic needs of nearly a million South Sudanese who have fled conflict and famine.

At 86 per cent, women and children far outweigh male arrivals. Many husbands, fathers and brothers stay behind to fight on both sides, or, in so many cases, have already perished in the conflict. The women and young girls are especially vulnerable to attack along the way, and must often find hiding places in order to sleep.

A baby girl looks over a woman's shoulder

Seeing the situation firsthand

Recently, my World Vision colleague Kristy Allen-Shirley travelled to Bidibidi refugee camp in Uganda, the largest refugee settlement in the world. It's a place that didn't exist nine months ago, but now is overflowing with those fleeing famine and violence. Kristy writes:

The mothers I met in the camp in Uganda, some only hours after arriving in "reception centres" set up to process, assess and assist refugees, are visibly exhausted, patiently awaiting a first hot meal of cornmeal and beans to share with their hungry children.

The line for the meal is long, sometimes taking seven hours to feed the new arrivals. Everywhere, babies wail, nuzzling at their mum's breast for any milk.

Lilian, 27, whose husband and three-year-old child died, is now struggling to feed two-month-old Jonathan. She tells me, "there is no milk coming." Her body is so starved of nutrition that it cannot produce milk. Lilian dips her little finger into the bean gravy and little Jonathan draws on it frantically.

For mothers like Lilian, assistance is already in motion. Once she has registered in the centre, aid agencies collectively ensure each family is given emergency accommodation, food, water and specialist support.

Within a few days she will be allocated her own plot with tent, items such as a mosquito net, solar-powered lamp, tools and food. It is the start of a new kind of journey and one where the future is far from certain, but whilst in the settlement, safety is mostly assured.

Lilian is counting her blessings. She worries for the many others back home: "There are many more coming here," she says.

More than 2,000 people are arriving each day, careening towards a total refugee population of one million.

"Whatever you have, that is what we need," she says, "For now, I just want my baby to be safe."

Help is needed

A recent World Vision report revealed that 81 per cent of South Sudanese moms in Uganda exclusively breastfeed their babies for the first six months. That's compared to 26 per cent in Canada!

After surviving the difficult journey to safety, moms like Lilian have a deep commitment to helping their children survive, no matter what it takes. There is no money to buy formula, and without the usual agricultural tasks moms would have had at home in South Sudan, they spend their time on their kids. That includes breastfeeding whenever baby is hungry.

But Lilian first needs the right food to help feed baby Jonathan. With mom's nutrition levels rising, her milk production will be able to get back to normal.

Jonathan shares his mom's meal of beans and rice.

World Vision is working in Uganda's biggest refugee settlements, already assisting more than 600,000 people like Lilian and Jonathan with food, child protection, water and sanitation and relief items. Will you consider donating to help families like these in the world's most vulnerable places? For a mom and her breastfeeding baby, it could be the lifeline they need.

With files from Kristy Allen-Shirley


          Comment on Darfur United: The Incredible Football team of the Sudanese Genocide Refugee Camp by Arghya Lahiri        
What a story! One of the great inspiring real life stories I have ever read in my whole life. Nothing more to write except sharing this Green Day cover of the famous John Lennon song https://youtu.be/UPPgeDhGzKY
          HUKUMAN UNTUK PASANGAN SEJENIS BERMULA DARI TAHUN 390 MASEHI        


MOHON SEMUA PUAK LGBT BACA NI DAN SILA KENCING DAN CIRIT DALAM SELUAR!!!



1. ROME










Pada tahun 390 masehi zaman Rome, pasangan yang melakukan hubungan sejenis akan diikat di tiang lalu dinyalakan unggun api untuk membakar mereka disaat mereka masih hidup. Mereka akan mati secara perlahan-lahan dan menyeksakan. Inilah yang terjadi kepada pemerintah Hadrianus dan pasangannya Antinous.




2. SUDAN










Hukuman ini dijalankan di negara Sudan untuk mereka yang mempunyai hubungan sejenis. Mereka akan ditanam hingga leher dan dibaling batu beramai-ramai. Jika kaum sejenis itu perempuan maka mereka akan terus dihukum. Jika pasangan lelaki sama lelaki mereka akan dapat toleransi dari pemerintah. Tetapi Jika melakukan kesalahan hingga 3 kali, mereka akan direjam terus.


3. ENGLAND






Hukuman dalam gambar ini berlaku di England. Perlaku akan dihukum dengan diseret oleh 4 ekor kuda kemudian digantung pada ketinggian 15meter. Dalam keadaan separuh sedar perlaku akan diikat di tangganya lalu disandarkan di sebuah tembok. Kemudian mereka akan diseksa. Kemaluan dipotong dan dikeluarkan isi perut. Hukuman ini dibuat hanya untuk menjadi tontonan masyarakat supaya dapat mengambil pengajaran.


4. AMERIKA






Amerika merupakan negara liberal yang memberi kebebasan rakyatnya berkahwin sesama jenis. Namun cerita ini amat berbeza pada zaman dahulu. Pada tahun 1513 pernah terjadi pembunuhan kaum sejenis secara besar-besaran. Mereka akan dibiarkan mati dengan dimakan oleh anjing-anjing ganas. Hukuman ini dijalankan di tempat umum agar memberi peringatan kepada orang lain.


5. IRAN & UGANDA






Hukuman dirotan dan digantung ini berlaku di Iran dan Uganda bahkan masih dilakukan pada abad ke 20. Mereka yang melakukan perbuatan sejenis akan dirotan dahulu hingga lemah kemudian terus dibawa gantung. Hukuman ini juga dilakukan untuk di pertontonkan oleh ramai orang.






          Asterisk 1.6.1 on openSUSE 11.1 (Part 1)        
In several articles from this one, I will share some of my experience in preparing emergency operation center for disaster management in Indonesia. One of the software we implement in this project is Asterisk. I use Asterisk 1.6.1.5 from openSUSE repository. Actually I built a custom 64 bit appliance using KDE 4.3 from factory repositories through SUSE Studio and took Asterisk from openSUSE Build Service repositories. Well, it was a couple years ago (by the time I submit this post), but I believe it still useful for anyone learning Asterisk :-) I also used DAHDI (Digium Asterisk Hardware Device Interface), but during the implementation I have a problem with Indonesia PSTN telephone signaling so I should download dahdi trunk version from digium subversion server to make the digium card works.

Here are the hardware I use:
  • 2 HP tower based server with 8 GB memory (it is overkill actually, but the owner insist it) running in high availability. See the pictures here and here.
  • 10 PSTN lines
  • RJ 12 cables
Well, Digium and Polycom price are expensive but the quality of the sound is very good. There are some alternatives for the IP Phone like Grandstream and Aastra that also can be used.
In this project, Asterisk will be use to setup the voip communication between this site in Denpasar/Bali with the headquarter (HQ) in Jakarta as well as with other regional center in Java and Sumatera. Also Asterisk will act as traditional PBX to connect this site to PSTN lines as well as to GSM/CDMA lines. Every conversation through the PABX will be recorded by monitor application in Asterisk.

Before we go any further lets discuss a logical design about our setup. There is one HQ and several remote site including this one in Bali. This site is special because it's also act as second node beside HQ that can receive and transmit voip traffic to other center. The setup of every site is similar like the diagram below.
All the digium card provide 12 lines of PSTN, in this case we only use 10 lines. We then use RJ 12 coupler so that every line goes to 2 PBX server, PABXSV1 and PABXSV2. The PABXSV2 will become the backup asterisk in case the PABXSV1 is downed. We can use vrrpd or heartbeat (with DRBD) to control the service so that PABXSV2 can take over all the service from PABXSV1. More on this later.

I use stock asterisk and dahdi from OBS. While the asterisk is ok, dahdi in the OBS is not sufficient for Indonesia telephone lines (at least at the time I made the appliance). The root cause of the problem is that Indonesia PSTN line provided by Telkom is already equipped with the CID (caller identifier) but the service is not open to the end customer until the customer pay the service charge. But actually the CID is there and asterisk knows it but cannot open it. So it can answer the ring but if another call comes, suddenly it get confuse how to handle it and hangup the line. Off course we should make a good configuration not just downloading the trunk version.

I should thanks some good people who currently help me maintain the server, I should mentioned here:

Pak Wayan Sudana, Ketua KPLI Bali
Mas Adhi Wus, linuxer dari Denpasar
Mas Yan Arief (dkk), openSUSE user dari Yogyakarta

In the next post I will explain some configuration that I used, till then keep safe and have a lot of fun.
          Economic and Geo-Political Prognosis for 2015        

Paper No. 5856                                 Dated 12-Jan-2015

Guest Column by Dr. Rajesh Tembarai Krishnamachari and Srividya Kannan Ramachandran

Abstract:

The re-moderation of the world economy set in place over the past few years continues apace. Notwithstanding some lasting damage on the supply side through the 2008 recessionary trough, our outlook for 2015 is bullish weighing more on optimistic data trends than on continued negative sentiment proffered from some analyst quarters.

Around the world in 80 (or more) words:

Treating the ten-year US Treasury bond yield as a proxy indicator for that nation's nominal GDP growth, we anticipate United States to grow around 3% next year.[1] While this does not mark a return to the buoyant 90s, it is better than the secular stagnation hypothesized earlier in 2014.[2] With US acting as an engine to spur growth, the world economy should also expand by more than 3%.[3] Stability across the world will be maintained – as sparks without a concomitant fury will characterize both overt (e.g. Russia-West over Ukraine) and covert (e.g. China-Japan over Senkaku) animosities.[4] European stagnation from debt and unemployment will be counterbalanced through quantitative easing by the European Central Bank.[5] Similar action in Japan will display the limits of Abe-nomics.[6] China will prepare for a structural slowdown emphasizing domestic consumption and de-leveraging an over-heated financial sector; all the while growing at a 7% rate that will amaze rivals around the world.[7] Indian reform, even if inadequate, will boost the middle classes and reinforce confidence in the Modi government.[8] African countries will find their commodity boom dissipate and ease of borrowing decline as commodity prices fall and yields rise in the developed world.[9]

Continental tectonics:

a. North America:

Economic benefits arising from the exploitation of shale gas have not only silenced the anti-fracking environmentalists, they have altered the strategic world-view of Washington politicians.[10] As US aims to overtake even Saudi Arabia in oil/NGL production in 2015 (and the Saudis pull out all stops in preventing it by driving crude prices down), it has markedly reduced its role as a global policeman.[11] Its own economy is on the mend even as a lame-duck president will be boggled down with partisan grid-lock. Markets will fret about the mid-year (or earlier?) hike in interest rates; though Main Street - aided by a strong dollar - will likely shrug it off with a continued upward movement across different sectors.[12]

Mexico and Canada will benefit from their tight coupling with the United States.[13] Enrique Pena Nieto will claim credit for reforming the Mexican economy – across sectors as diverse as energy and telecom.[14] Pemex, dear to the Mexicans, will face some competition, though nothing remotely similar to the American acquisition of Tim Hortons – dear to the Canadians – will happen.[15] Up north, the Canadian elections in 2015 will reveal whether the country has reverted to its liberal propensities or sticks with Harper's conservative agenda.[16]

b. Latin and South America:

The outlook is disappointing across much of the region. Run-away inflation hammers Argentina and Venezuela; milder ill-effects bedevil Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay.[17] The Maduro regime in Venezuela and the Kirchner government in Argentina continue to flirt with disaster as their GDP growths slip and mass discontent builds up.[18] Dilma Rousseff has stabilized her position electorally, though her policies continue to disappoint investors and have the potential to reignite sudden protests like the 2013 bus-fare protests.[19] Dependence on commodity exports in a time of declining prices does not portend well for any of the South American states, including Brazil.[20] On a positive note, Cuba – already expected by analysts to grow by close to 4% next year – will see a boost to its fortunes accruing from a thaw in relations with US under Obama.[21]

c. Africa:

African nations had a great run in the past few years. This arose not only from the boom in commodity prices but also from the need for yield amongst DM (developed market) investors resulting in investment in both corporate and public African bonds.[22] In 2015, these factors could dissipate which will place pressure on countries like Angola where household spending has risen more than 4000% since the start of the millennium.[23] Ethiopia and Kenya are expected to continue on a robust growth path.[24] Contradictions abound within Africa, and nowhere are they more visible than in Nigeria. While the northern part struggles under the oppression of Boko Haram, the southern part booms under Goodluck Jonathan's president-ship.[25] In neighboring South Sudan, one is reminded of the risk-reward payoff as the nation widely tipped to experience spectacular growth in 2014, got mired in conflict, with the consequent dissipation of growth potential.[26]

American intervention in Libya undermined the Gaddafi-imposed order and has led to a civil war between the Islamist and secularist factions which will hold back that nation in the coming year.[27] A more benign intervention was that of the French in Mali in 2013; we expect more calls for Hollande's assistance in 2015.[28] El Sisi has stabilized Egypt after the Muslim Brotherhood interlude in the post-Mubarak era. Though more brutal than Mubarak, the El Sisi regime is being propped by both the Americans and Saudis, leading us to expect the recent bull run in Egyptian markets to continue.[29] ANC rule in South Africa continues unimpeded. Though atrophied by many scandals, the rule should produce close to 3% growth in the coming year.[30]

d. Middle East:

The region continues to be a cesspool of ethno-sectarian rivalries as the century-old Sykes-Pikot agreement unravels.[31] Recep Erdogan has stabilized Turkey and should reap a growth on par with other emerging economies.[32] Erdogan's external actions driven by AKP's crypto-desire to establish a caliphate will see him prop the Islamic State (IS) just so that it can damage Shia and Kurdish interests; but not enough to threaten his own Sunni hegemonic plans.[33] The Saudi establishment has focused on the removal of the Muslim brotherhood threat; now they will focus on limiting Shia Iranian influence by keeping crude prices low.[34] Western companies made a beeline to Iran in 2014 in hope of an impending thaw; much will depend on the negotiation ability of the Rouhani establishment on the sanction front.[35] Dubai and Israel remain insulated from the turmoil around and could reap the benefit of the uptick in the world economy.[36] The risk of sudden flare-ups like the 2014 Gaza war continue to remain on the Israeli radar.

e. Asia and Australia:

The Asian political scene is remarkably stable with China, Japan and India looking inward to stabilize their economies under the leadership of Xi Jinping, Shinzo Abe and Narendra Modi, respectively. Some events have gone unnoticed by world media – for example, China starts the year of the goat as the world's largest economy when measured in PPP terms and for the first time ever, Chinese outbound investments could exceed those inbound.[37] The establishment of China on the world stage has made Xi stronger than any Chinese leader in recent memory bar Chairman Mao himself. The Abe regime will continue on its reformist route of bringing Japan out of the deflationary zone, while winking at nationalist sentiment calling for a re-interpretation of the country's post-war pacifist role.[38] Down south in India, Modi has surprised both supporters and detractors alike by his middle-path approach to reforming the economy and his zealous interest in foreign policy. While reforming cautiously, he has not removed the populist schemes of the previous government. 2015 will see him act unimpeded by local elections (other than in Bihar) and will prove to be a litmus test of his claims of good governance.[39]

Afghanistan under Ashraf Ghani will face more trouble from Taliban as US adopts the Pakistani classification into good versus bad Taliban.[40] In nearby Pakistan, the wildly popular Imran Khan - with some help, perhaps, from the deep state – will challenge the established parties in their home turfs.[41] In Indonesia, Jake Widodo has come to power with Imran Khan-type support amongst the youth, and he will be hard-pressed to implement his reformist agenda – including reducing fuel subsidies – amidst persistent opposition from entrenched interests.[42] ASEAN will continue to slip on its stated intentions for closer cooperation.[43] Australia will try to balance its strategic partnership with the United States with economic dalliances with the Chinese.[44]

f. Europe and Russia:

Vladimir Putin will be emboldened by the short-term rise in domestic popularity; and hence ignore the longer-term implications of his intervention in Ukraine.[45] Tighter coupling with Kazakhstan and Belarus will not prevent what is likely to be a low-growth and high-inflation year for the Russians.[46] Europe as a whole continues to underperform, and it will be most visible in France and Italy both of whom might record less than 1% growth in GDP. With the Trierweller-Gayet saga behind his back, Francois Hollande will attempt to rein in a deficit running at close to 4% of GDP. Even with help from ECB's quantitative easing program, there is little expectation that Hollande can avoid being the most unpopular leader amongst all western democracies.[47] In Italy, high debt and unemployment – exemplified by the statistic of four-fifths of Italians between the ages of 20-31 living with parents – will hamper any efforts Matteo Renzi might take to pull the economy out of its doldrums.[48]

The Greeks might look forward to a better year, especially when juxtaposed against their recent past. On the back of painful reforms, the Greek economy is widely anticipated to commence its long journey back to health, though there might be recurrent political scares and recalcitrant rumors of a Greek exit.[49] The German government will be buffeted by opposing demands – external calls for a more interventionist role in stabilizing the world economy and internal ones for tempering the same. Cautious progress on the fiscal front will lead to modest GDP growth.[50] Ironically, the European nations with best GDP growth projections are also the ones with the highest exposure to Putin's misadventures, viz. Poland, Latvia and Lithuania.[51]

Sectors and segments:

Having dropped significantly in the past few months, the level of oil prices affects the prospects for many industry sectors in 2015.  Oil is typically expected to revert to the mean because a lower oil price has discernible impact on both supply (by discouraging investment in its production and distribution) and demand (by boosting economic activity) sides.[52] The speed of such mean-reversion remains unclear. Russia, Iran and US shale producers (esp. those who are not based at strategic locations) suffer disproportionally more than the Saudi establishment at current price levels.[53] Lower oil prices will provide a fillip to consumer discretionary industries and airlines; and have an adverse impact on railroad (benefiting from oil transportation) and petrochemical companies. The shale gas boom - apart from increasing housing activity - is also the prime driver behind growth in the US steel and construction material sectors; consequently both the steel and construction sectors will remain susceptible to crude movements.[54]

Low interest rates and low macro-growth prospects will induce companies with excess cash to acquire other companies to report earnings growth. That trend will be apparent in companies transacting in sectors as diverse as healthcare, industrials, semiconductors, software and materials.[55] On another side of investment banks, trading desks will see higher market volatility as major powers pursue divergent paths to monetary policy (e.g. US against EU/Japan).[56] In US, regulatory obligations increasing cost of capital for holding certain securities might lead to decreased broker liquidity.[57] 2015 shall see the big banks grapple with the regulations in Basel III and Volcker; one expects regulatory push towards vanilla deposit-taking and lending to continue.[58] Analysts will hope that stronger balance sheets coupled with a return to profitability lead to increased dividend payout for investors in financial stocks. China will seek to tame its overheated financial sector amidst a structural slowdown[59], and India will see RBI governor Raghuram Rajan continue his battle against political interference in corporate lending.[60] Wealth management services will perform remarkably well not only in China, but also to a lesser extent in US as a rising market creates wealth and a retiring baby-boomer crowd seeks to couple low risk with acceptable return.[61] In the arena of mobile payment, Apple Pay will try to avoid the lackluster performance of earlier attempts like Google Wallet.[62]

Lower gasoline prices and an accompanying increase in disposable income (through wealth creation at the markets, increased home values, reduced unemployment and improved economic activity) creates a positive outlook for the consumer discretionary sector. Companies dealing with organic farming benefit from increased health consciousness; the market for yoga will continue to rise as 2014 saw the UN declare a world yoga day on Modi's initiative.[63] Even as DVDs and Blue-rays fall, digital film subscriptions and on-demand internet steaming will rise to please Hollywood.[64] Bollywood will get over its obsession with INR 100 crore revenues as movies will cross that level more frequently.[65]  With supply level of hotels remaining the same as few years back, revenue per room will rise across the sector.[66] Tighter access to credit continues to hamper the rise in existing house sales, which nevertheless should improve over the past year.[67] Asian apparel manufacturers continue to improve their market share in the fast fashion market.[68]  October 2015 will see Europeans benefit from the eCall service in all their new cars, which allows a car to immediately report details to the base-stations on any accident. New carbon-emission standards also come into force in Europe; even elsewhere the move towards higher efficiency in cars will continue.[69] Widodo will be pleased at the growth in automobile sales in Indonesia, which should exceed those of other major markets.[70] Internet advertising is rising faster than television commercials, though 2015 will still see the latter dominate the former in overall revenue generated.[71] Privacy concerns continue to erode on the social media front.[72] The newspaper industry will see increased number of advertorials re-packaged as "native advertising" by which companies will pay for advertisements to be written as paid newspaper article.[73]

In India, the BJP government is yet to clarify its position on foreign direct investment in retail.[74] Irrespective of its final decision, retail sales should surge sharply upward there as the consummation of pent-up demand of past few years couples with the thriving of 'mall culture' in middle-tier cities. China will also see an increase in retail sales inspite of its investigation in to WalMart.[75] The anti-corruption campaign though will negatively impact luxury good sales as well as those of higher-end automobiles there[76]. A strong dollar will affect US companies with significant operations abroad. Wheat production might match 2014 record volumes in Europe[77]; though more newsprint will probably be devoted to higher prices of cocoa from Ivory Coast.[78] Idiosyncrasies of local markets will shine as Dubai invests in large-scale brick and mortal malls, while Manhattan gets more of its groceries delivered at home steps.[79]

Demand for energy should rise at the same pace as the world GDP next year. Analysts will point at attractive valuations of oil companies.[80] If shale price remains attractive, Sabine Pass in Louisiana will emerge as the first plant in US to export LNG.[81] Four years after the Fukushima incident, Japan will see nuclear reactors back in operation at Sendai.[82]

2014 saw the denizens of the developed world fret about Ebola, breast cancer (through a campaign by actor Angelina Jolie) and ALS (through the ice bucket challenge).[83] Overall, health spending will comfortably outpace the rate of growth of the overall economy. Long-term secular trends driving this are the aging population in the western world (with the population pyramid replaced by a population dome) and an emerging middle class elsewhere with increasing demand for improved access to healthcare.[84] Universal healthcare has been promised for all in India, which should drive up healthcare expenditure by a significant amount there.[85] In 2015, large US companies are mandated under Obama-care to provide insurance to more than 70% of their eligible workforce.[86] Uncertainty on US healthcare reform and debate thereon may cause short-term price volatility. Millennial Development Goals will reviewed by the UN later in the year with a new set of goalposts announced for countries to be met by 2030; different NGOs will campaign vigorously through media to get their pet agendas included in the final list.[87]

Transportation companies will report higher earnings from increased economic activity.[88] Apart from some airlines which have suffered reputation damage through recurring accidents, airline companies will benefit from the reduced oil prices. Defense industry will see robust growth in China, as "Chi-America" remains no more a chimera.[89] Alarmed by this increase, Vietnam with Philippines will move within the US ambit and Australia will seek to join the tripartite naval exercises in the Indian Ocean between US, Japan and India.[90] Tensions in Eastern Europe and the middle-east will favor increases in expenditure across the region. The nationalist government in India will increase defense expenditure sharply even as it moves beyond lip-service on the long-standing issue of indigenization of defense manufacturing.[91]

The mantra of social-local-mobile (SoLoMo in tech jargon) continues to drive the consumer markets division of information technology companies.[92] Expenditure on IT hardware is significantly retarded by the increasing move to cloud computing.[93] The move to cloud computing - along with increasing use of mobile commerce - bodes well for the computer security business.[94] India should see a sharp increase in smart phone adoption; elsewhere tablet computers will rise against laptop and desktops.[95] Embedded systems coupled with rudimentary networking will be marketed as an all-encompassing internet of things as the era of big data continues.[96]  Today, a single family in US places more demands on data flow than the entire planet did a decade back; and even this data rate is expected to increase by a whopping 70% over the next year. Consolidation in the cable sector (e.g Comcast with Time Warner Cable) and the convergence of content with distribution (e.g. AT&T with DirectTV) are two trends that should continue on from 2014.[97] Even as Indians will talk about 3G coverage spanning the nation; Americans will tweet about 4G price warfare and the Chinese will see ZTE unveil a 5G prototype.[98] Facebook will have more users than China has human beings.[99] Analysts will harp about impact of interest-rate hikes on high dividend paying telecom stocks.[100] Apart from the financial industry, telecom will emerge as an industry most impacted by federal regulation across the globe.

The anthropologist Edward Weyer once compared the future to being akin to a "corridor into which we can see only through the light coming from behind".  It is in that sense that we have analyzed the data of the bygone year and tried to extrapolate into the days and months ahead. And when some are falsified - and falsified, some will be - then we shall lay credit for the same at the feet of those responsible - viz. us, the people.

[The authors are based in New York City, and can be contacted through email at tkrajesh@gmail.com and srivi019@gmail.com. The views represented above are personal and do not in any manner reflect those of the institutions affiliated with the authors.]

References


[1] See the graph titled "10 year bond yield: annual change and real GDP: annual % change" at http://www.swcollege.com/bef/econ_data/bond_yield/bond_yield_data.html.

[2] "Secular stagnation: facts, causes and cures", a VoxEU eBook at  http://www.voxeu.org/sites/default/files/Vox_secular_stagnation.pdf.

[4] A brief historical perspective on the Russia-Ukraine conflict is at http://www.summer.harvard.edu/blog-news-events/conflict-ukraine-historical-perspective.

The Economist magazine summarizes the debate over Senkaku islands at http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2013/12/economist-explains-1.

[5] “The ECB, demigods and eurozone quantitative easing” at http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c90dd466-7bb4-11e4-a695-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3NIKpG2Fx.

[6] “Bank of Japan announces more quantitative easing: the next chapter in Abenomics” at http://www.forbes.com/sites/jonhartley/2014/11/02/bank-of-japan-announces-more-quantitative-easing-the-next-chapter-in-abenomics/.

[7] “World Bank urges China to cut economic growth target to seven percent in 2015, focus on reforms” at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/29/us-china-worldbank-idUSKBN0II05P20141029.

[8] “Reforms by PM Narendra Modi will help India to grow 5.5% this year, 6.3% next year: ADB” at http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-12-17/news/57154602_1_cent-the-adb-growth-forecast.

[10] “The experts: how the US oil boom will change the markets and geopolitics”, http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324105204578382690249436084

[13] “Economic growth patterns in USA, Canada, Mexico and China” at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dominik-knoll/economic-growth-patterns-_b_5832182.html.

[14] “Mexican president Pena Nieto's ratings slip with economic reform” at http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/08/26/mexican-president-pena-nietos-ratings-slip-with-economic-reform/.

[17] “Andres Oppenheimer: Latin America's forecast for 2015: not good” at http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/news-columns-blogs/andres-oppenheimer/article2503660.html.

[18] “Maduro blames plunging oil prices on US war vs Russia, Venezuela” at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/30/us-venezuela-oil-idUSKBN0K802020141230 and “What's in store for post-Kirchner Argentina” at http://globalriskinsights.com/2014/12/whats-store-post-kirchner-argentina/

[19] “Brazil economists cut 2015 growth forecast to slowest on record” at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-11/brazil-economists-cut-2015-growth-forecast-to-slowest-on-record.html

[20] “Economic snapshot for Latin America” at http://www.focus-economics.com/regions/latin-america.

[21] “Cuba, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico business forecast report Q1 2015” at http://www.marketresearch.com/Business-Monitor-International-v304/Cuba-Dominican-Republic-Puerto-Rico-8538079/ and “Obama's Cuba move is Florida's top story for 2014” at http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/dec/29/obamas-cuba-move-is-floridas-top-story-of-2014/.

[24] “Ethiopia overview” at  http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/ethiopia/overview and “Kenya overview” at http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/kenya/overview.

[26] “Internal violence in South Sudan” at http://www.cfr.org/global/global-conflict-tracker/p32137#!/?marker=33.

[27] “Political instability in Libya” at http://www.cfr.org/global/global-conflict-tracker/p32137#!/?marker=14.

[28] “The regional impact of the armed conflict and French intervention in Mali” at http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/f18726c3338e39049bd4d554d4a22c36.pdf.

[29] “EGX head optimistic on equities as Egyptian economy recovers” at http://www.thenational.ae/business/markets/egx-head-optimistic-on-equities-as-egyptian-economy-recovers.

[30] “Economy - outlook for 2015 dismal, despite boost” at http://mg.co.za/article/2014-11-25-economy-outlook-for-2015-not-encouraging-despite-boost.

[31] “Pre-state Israel: The Sykes-Picot agreement” at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/sykes_pico.html.

[32] “Turkey - economic forecast summary (Nov 2014)” at http://www.oecd.org/economy/turkey-economic-forecast-summary.htm.

[34] “Saudi-Iranian relations since the fall of Saddam” at http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG840.html.

[36] “Dubai 2015 cross sector business outlook extremely bullish” at http://ameinfo.com/blog/mentors/c/capital-club/dubai-2015-cross-sector-business-outlook-extremely-bullish/ and “Israel - economic forecast summary (Nov 2014)” at http://www.oecd.org/economy/israel-economic-forecast-summary.htm.

[37] “China's leap forward: overtaking the US as world's biggest economy” at http://blogs.ft.com/ftdata/2014/10/08/chinas-leap-forward-overtaking-the-us-as-worlds-biggest-economy/.

[38] “Understanding Shinzo Abe and Japanese nationalism” at http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2014/05/26/understanding-shinzo-abe-and-japanese-nationalism/.

[39] Book: “Getting India back on track: an action agenda for reform” edited by B. Debroy, A. J. Tellis and R. Trevor.

[40] “US may not target Mullah Omar after this year" at http://www.dawn.com/news/1152382.

[41] “The rise and rise of Kaptaan” at http://tribune.com.pk/story/800722/the-rise-and-rise-of-kaptaan/.

[42] “Widodo launches reform agenda with fuel price hike” at http://www.focus-economics.com/news/indonesia/fiscal/widodo-launches-reform-agenda-fuel-price-hike.

[43] “ASEAN's elusive integration” at http://opinion.inquirer.net/74164/aseans-elusive-integration.

[46] “Russia's economics ministry downgrades 2015 oil price forecast to $80 per barrel” at http://itar-tass.com/en/economy/764662.

[47] “Hollande popularity plumbs new low in mid-term French poll” at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/11/06/us-france-hollande-idUSKBN0IQ14R20141106.

          A Mahdist addition to the force…        
After a bit of a delay I’ve finally finished the next batch of Mahdists for my 10mm Sudan project. Again, I have adapted Dave Docherty’s excellent approach to speeding up the process. A batch of shaved head chaps were done using the same technique as the Fuzzy Wuzzies detailed earlier. This post will detail the Read more...
          A Warm Fuzzy (Wuzzy) Feeling…        
I’m still painting random stuff from my lead pile. With no fixed plan other than Ayton next year (and tradition precludes painting anything for that until at least February!) I’ve been painting what takes my fancy. So having painted some Sudan Brits I thought I needed some opposition. I spent a little time Googling for Read more...
          Some more 10mm…        
After the big tidy up the other week I’ve finally cleared a couple of things in the pile. A while back I acquired some Sudan Brits from Martin (Slugbalancer). Neatly painted I just applied a wash and based them after painting a few more to make up a full unit. He then most kindly sent Read more...
          Video Gaming Trends        

54 oh-my-god-this-is-awesome slides packed with dare, motherly affection, and a good dash of future; to better grasp where gaming stands today. More on video games marketing & advertising: http://www.flipflapwax.com
          Re:Politics - USA        
Yeeeeeeup.
Game Over: EmailGate Just Crippled the Clinton Express
Spoiler:
This isn't a right-wing conspiracy—the FBI will unravel it all

Running for president this year, after her abortive 2008 effort against Barack Obama, has not worked out quite as planned for Hillary Clinton. This was supposed to be her year, at long last. After enduring a quarter-century on the national stage—including tough years by the side of her gifted but scandal-prone husband—2016 finally lined up as Ms. Clinton’s best shot at moving back into the White House, this time with her in the Oval Office.

That outcome is looking less likely by the day. First, Hillary can’t manage to finish off Senator Bernie Sanders, despite his far-left politics that until recently resided quietly on the fringe of the Democratic party. They are fringe no more, and Bernie’s sincerity and authenticity offer an appealing contrast to the often awkward and stilted Ms. Clinton. This summer’s Democratic convention in Philadelphia, where Mr. Sanders will show up with legions of adoring fans who display a passion altogether lacking in the ranks of Team Clinton, promises to be quite a show—maybe even a madhouse.

Then there’s the troubling matter of EmailGate, the long-running scandal that this column has covered in great detail. That Ms. Clinton and her senior staff misused email during her tenure as secretary of state has long been crystal-clear. Refusing to use government email for government work was a violation of policy, while Team Clinton’s routing of said emails through a private server, then putting classified information on it—including above top secret information from the Intelligence Community—looks like a violation of several federal laws.

Early denials from the Clinton camp tried to make the entire matter go away, insisting there was no “there” there. Once that folded in the face of massive evidence that something indeed had gone very awry with Secretary Clinton’s emails at Foggy Bottom, the excuses shifted to ones familiar to those who experienced the 1990s. Everybody does it. It’s not really a big deal. Above all, this is politically motivated. These false accusations are the machinations of a Vast Right Wing Conspiracy.

Such dodges held water for months among Hillary fans, aided by parts of the mainstream media which, long accustomed to running interference for the Clintons, continued to do so, attempting to muddy waters that to those familiar with laws and regulations on the handling of classified materials are actually decidedly clear.

That all fell apart yesterday with the release of the long-anticipated State Department Inspector General’s special report on how Foggy Bottom handles email records and cybersecurity. A shoe has dropped for Team Clinton—a very big shoe—and there will be no going back now.

The Office of the Inspector General at State, as in all federal departments, exists to ferret out internal fraud, waste and illegalities. However, State had no real IG boss from 2009 to 2013, with an acting director heading up the office. Neither Barack Obama nor Hillary Clinton were in any hurry to find a permanent director for State’s IG shop. Now we know why.

The State IG report, weighing in at over 80 pages, is crammed full of bureaucratese yet paints an indelible and detailed portrait of things going very wrong at Foggy Bottom—especially under Hillary Clinton. It can charitably be termed scathing, and it leaves no doubt that Team Clinton has lied flagrantly to the public about EmailGate for more than a year.

That the State Department’s IT systems were a mess for years was hardly a secret, and the IG report makes painfully clear that State has had a difficult time transitioning into the electronic age. Several recent secretaries of state used email in a manner that would be judged inadequate, and perhaps improper, by today’s standards, including Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice, who served under President George W. Bush.

That said, only Hillary Clinton simply refused to use government email for government work—she repeatedly denied requests from State security and IT to use state.gov email—and she systematically dodged federal regulations on electronic communications and records preservation by setting up her private email server of bathroom infamy. Damningly, while several former secretaries of state cooperated with the IG in this important investigation, Ms. Clinton refused to.

As secretary of state, Ms. Clinton attempted a novel experiment of trying to avoid using any information systems that create records that can be subject to the Freedom of Information Act. The IG report includes painful details, including how she flatly refused to use state.gov email for anything, ever, citing privacy grounds. State IT was concerned because Ms. Clinton’s work emails—all being sent via her clintonmail.com address—were winding up in the spam folders of State officials. Important information was not getting where it needed to go. She needed to use official email for official business. Except she refused.

What was so important, so sensitive that Hillary had to dodge FOIA altogether? Clearly protecting her private life—whatever that might be—was valued more highly by Ms. Clinton than actually heading the Department of State.

Then we have the repeating warnings from State officials about the incredibly vulnerable nature of her ramshackle private email system from any cybersecurity perspective. These, too, were blown off by Ms. Clinton and her staff, despite several hacking efforts that staffers were aware of. Guccifer, the Romanian hacker who illegally accessed Ms. Clinton’s email during her tour at Foggy Bottom, has just pleaded guilty, and there can be little doubt that hackers more adept than he penetrated Hillary’s communications.

Any foreign intelligence service worth its salt would have had no trouble accessing Ms. Clinton’s emails, particularly when they were unencrypted, as this column has explained in detail. Yet Hillary was more worried about the American public finding out about what she was up to via FOIA than what foreign spy services and hackers might see in her email.

What she was seeking to hide so ardently remains one of the big unanswered questions in EmailGate. Hints may be found in the recent announcement that Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe, the former head of the Democratic National Committee and a longtime Clinton intimate, is under FBI investigation for financial misdeeds, specifically dirty money coming from China. In fact, Mr. McAulliffe invited one of his Beijing benefactors over to Ms. Clinton’s house in 2013. Not long after, Chinese investors donated $2 million to the Clinton Foundation.

That an illegal pay-for-play-scheme, with donations to the Clinton Foundation being rewarded by political favors from Hillary Clinton—who when she was secretary of state had an enormous ability to grant favors to foreign bidders—existed at the heart of EmailGate has been widely suspected, and we know the FBI is investigating this case as political corruption, not just for mishandling of classified information. That certainly would be something Ms. Clinton would not have wanted the public to find out about via FOIA.

As is their wont, Hillary’s loyal defenders are denouncing the State IG report as yet another “nothingburger,” adding with customary conspiratorial flair: “there are some real questions about the impartiality of the IG.” In this take, we are supposed to believe that the head of State’s IG office, appointed by President Obama, is a clandestine GOP operative.

Such escapism masquerading as hot takes won’t work anymore. Even The Washington Post, hardly a member of the VRWC, has conceded that EmailGate is a certifiably big deal, and “badly complicates Clinton’s past explanations about the server.” Its editors went further, issuing a blistering statement castigating Ms. Clinton’s “inexcusable, willful disregard of the rules.” They minced no words: “Ms. Clinton had plenty of warnings to use official government communications methods, so as to make sure that her records were properly preserved and to minimize cybersecurity risks. She ignored them.”

Although Post editors were at pains to state that Ms. Clinton had not broken any laws with her gross negligence at Foggy Bottom, the issue remains open. The FBI is investigating that complex matter now. As this column has previously reported, Hillary’s “unclassified” emails included above top secret information about undercover CIA operatives serving overseas as well as extremely sensitive NSA reports about Sudan—all information from special access programs that’s supposed to be tightly guarded.

What sort of impact those compromises will have on the investigation into EmailGate remains to be seen. We won’t know until the FBI submits its findings to the Department of Justice, probably this summer, with a recommendation to prosecute (or not). The key figure in this whole matter is Patrick Kennedy, a longtime Clinton protégé and State’s undersecretary for management (hence his nickname, “M”), who oversaw the department’s IT and security offices. Mr. Kennedy is widely believed to have enabled Hillary’s irregularities—and apparent illegalities—with email and ran internal interference for her when questions became loud and frequent. The FBI will want to unravel this all.

Hints are now emerging that Ms. Clinton’s neglect of basic security may have damaged more than her political reputation. A new report suggests several U.S. counterterrorism operations went awry thanks to Hillary’s slipshod communications security. This serious accusation is unsubstantiated yet plausible, given how easy it would have been for foreign spies to access Ms. Clinton’s email—as well as how much classified information she and her staff routinely put in “unclassified” emails. Counterintelligence officers will be investigating EmailGate for years, searching for clues about clandestine operations that went wrong, possibly due to Hillary’s IT misdeeds at Foggy Bottom.

For now, Team Clinton has plenty of problems to deal with. Their proffered excuses—that everybody does it, it’s no big deal, it’s just a fake scandal ginned up by the VRWC—have been blown apart by the State Department itself. If Hillary wants to be our next president, she needs to come up with better answers to what she was doing with her email—and why.

So far, Bernie Sanders has treated EmailGate with kid gloves, refusing to go after Ms. Clinton with gusto on the issue. Donald Trump will show no such reticence. What the State IG has revealed plays directly into Mr. Trump’s #CrookedHillary narrative. Large swathes of the public have never liked the Clintonian view that rules are for little people—not Bill and Hillary or their friends. Ms. Clinton’s misconduct as our nation’s top diplomat, including compromising our national security in order to hide her private deals, raises serious questions about her fitness as commander-in-chief. We can be sure The Donald will ask them.

Clintonistas got nuth'n left.
          South Sudanese Chief of Education & Protection for the UNHCR, Isacco Consonni, Dives into a New Interview Series with Core of Education        

Beginning a groundbreaking South Sudan interview series, Isacco Consonni, Chief of Education & Protection in South Sudan for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, chats with Dr. Rod Berger about approaches to the development of a brand new education system inside the youngest country in the world.

(PRWeb November 11, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/11/prweb11317410.htm


          Ø§Ù„زولة وإختها         
السلام عليكم

كييف انكم يا اخواان ؟

أتمنى ترحبووا بيييْ وب إووختي

وإن شالله تشوفووا مننا كول حااقة جميلة بإذن الله :cool:
          Comment on One Year On : Commemorating the Failure of the Ouya : Part 1 by i'm good        
This doesn't sound like the Marcus Brody I know. The Marcus Brody I know has got friends in every town and village from here to the Sudan, he speaks a dozen languages, knows every local custom, he'll blend in, disappear, you'll never see him again.
          Nearly Killed by ISIS Cellmates, God Had a Purpose for VOM Worker Imprisoned in Sudan        
A Voice of the Martyrs worker barely escaped death after sharing a cell with ISIS inmates in Sudan, one of whom had slaughtered Egyptian Christians in a video that stunned the world. Now he says the harrowing experience he endured was all for God's glory.
          The Land Of Mysteries and Beauty Ethiopia        

Ethiopia, a landlocked country is located in the Eastern Africa region and borders five countries that include Somalia, Djibouti, South Sudan, Kenya, and Sudan. Interesting Facts about  Ethiopia: There are many interesting facts about Ethiopia as well as many mysteries. Did you know that? Coffee was discovered here in the Kaffa region after a shepherd [...Read More]

The post The Land Of Mysteries and Beauty Ethiopia appeared first on Tedy Travel.


          I need your help! (very urgent)        
Dearest
My name is Sumbre. R Jimmy, I am 23 years old Medical student in University of Sudan , I am the only child of Late Mr. Jimmy Lemi Milla who was the rural development minister in Sudan.

My late father was killed by his driver whom was paid by unknown people to assassinate my family but he succeeded in killing my father and the shocked death of my father leads to my mother death after 3 days of father's death. You can read more about my father death in the BBC news below website:http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12403620

I am constrained to contact you because of the maltreatment I was receiving from my step mother whom in partnership with her boy friend has taken away all my father's treasury and assets since the unexpected death of my father and also refused me access to everything and hid my international passport and other valuable traveling documents, luckily to me she couldn't discover about a deposit of US$10M my late father made with a bank when I traveled with him to Burkina-Faso on my 18th birthday which my name was used as next of kin and signatory.

Last month I managed to escape to Ouagadougou Burkina-Faso through road where I now seek asylum at refugee camp. I am actually in search of an honest and reliable person who will help me to transfer the fund US$10M (my inheritance)and relocate to his/her country as I was advised by my late mother for my safety. I have chosen to contact you after reading your profile and I believe you will not betray me now that you have known my predicament. I wish to invest this money in your country under your studded advice/guidance. when my inheritance is properly secured you will have 20% of the value for your assistance. I have gone to the bank and establish ownership, please I need your assistance urgently in moving this fund and also help me relocate to your country.

I shall appreciate an urgent message indicating your ability and willingness to handle this transaction sincerely so that we will begin the transfer process because I want to leave this refugee camp as soon as possible. Life here to me is a hell, no love, no affection and no amenities, more importantly, I want to complete my studies.kindly let me know your willingness to assist me and I promise to always be truthful and faithful. I await your urgent response. Please do keep this confidential for security reason.Have a nice day.

Sumbre
          ACLU of Northern California Contact Info for SFO Arrivals Affected by Executive Order        
The ACLU of Northern California is asking that people who have been expecting visitors to arrive at SFO from one of the seven countries in yesterday's executive order - Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen - and have not heard from their visitors or have heard that their visitors have arrived and been detained or denied entry to please contact us at 415-621-2488 and leave a message.
          Politics - USA        
 d-usa wrote:
You can never use facts against anyone who doesn't think Drumpf is racist, it's a lost cause at that point. The less people argue with these kind of folks, the less they will reply, and then I have to read fewer of their posts which means we all win at the end.


And I thought I wasn't going to win my game of logical fallacies bingo sheet.

Now all I have to do is wait for tu quorque, slippery slope, black and white, and the burden of proof fallacies. Oh boy can't wait.


On a more serious note....

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/kim-jong-un-north-korea-missile-ballistic-weapons-us-targets-pacific-a7097036.html

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un has hailed the test flight of a new ballistic missile as a “great event”, and evidence of the country’s “sure capability” of hitting US targets in the Pacific.

Mr Kim’s boast followed an apparently successful test of the Musudan medium-range missile, after five previous tests in recent months failed.

The first of two missiles fired on Wednesday also failed, but the second flew around 400km (250 miles), reached an altitude of 1,000km (620 miles) and came down in the Sea of Japan.

The test launches have triggered serious concerns in the US, Japan and South Korea, as the missile’s potential range of 3,500km (2,180 miles), puts significant areas of Asia and the Pacific, including US military bases in Guam, within firing range.

“We have the sure capability to attack in an overall and practical way the Americans in the Pacific operation theatre,” North Korea’s official news agency KCNA quoted Mr Kim as saying.

The United Nations Security Council has condemned the tests after an emergency meeting was held to discuss its response.

UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon, said the missile launch was a “brazen and irresponsible act”.

Mr Ban’s spokesman, Faran Haq, described the tests as a “deliberate and very grave violation” of security council resolutions banning the country from using ballistic missiles.

North Korea’s continuing pursuit of these weapons and nuclear weapons “will only undermine its security and fail to improve the lives of its citizens”, he added.

Tokyo has expressed its concern about the “certain level of capability” North Korea now poses with working ballistic missiles. “The threat to Japan is intensifying,” said defence minister Gen Nakatani.

“We have to see it as a success,” Lee Choon Geun, an analyst at South Korea's state-funded Science and Technology Policy Institute, told Associated Press. “No other (previous) missiles fired by North Korea have ever flown that high.”

White House spokesman Josh Earnest said: “The impact of these provocations will be to only strengthen the resolve of the international community that has such serious concerns with North Korea’s behaviour.

“The United States will do what we have done in the past, which is work with the international community, particularly our allies in South Korea and Japan.”

The successful launch of the Musudan ballistic missile is one of a series of breakthroughs North Korea has claimed in its continuing efforts to create a long-range nuclear weapons arsenal capable of attacking the US mainland.



From United States Strategic Command Facebook Page in reaction:


United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) systems detected and tracked what we assess were two North Korean missile launches at 10:56 a.m. Hawaii time and 1:03 p.m. Hawaii time, June 21, 2016. The launch of two presumed Musudan intermediate range ballistic missiles occurred at Wonsan.
The missiles were tracked over the Sea of Japan, where initial indications are that they fell.
The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) determined the missile launches from North Korea did not pose a threat to North America.
We strongly condemn this and other North Korean missile tests in violation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions, which explicitly prohibit North Korea's use of ballistic missile technology.
We are closely monitoring the situation on the Korean Peninsula in coordination with our regional allies.
We urge North Korea to refrain from provocative actions that aggravate tensions and instead focus on fulfilling its international obligations and commitments.


Pretty interesting what this will have in the next 5 years.


Automatically Appended Next Post:
 Spinner wrote:
Asterios wrote:


and where is Drumpf Racist?



Didn't we already talk about this? Something about how he felt about the fact that he had black accountants...I think the relevant quote was 'the only guys I want counting my money are short guys who wear yarmulkes all day.'


To support here:
Drumpf is racist....

http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/13/politics/donald-trump-orlando-massacre-speech/

In each instance, Drumpf sought to project both strength and a lack of concern for the reaction to his provocative rhetoric, calculating that both would help him rise in the polls during the Republican primary. Indeed, a majority of Republican voters agreed with Drumpf's call to temporarily ban all foreign Muslims from entering the United States.


Can also watch the video about him saying that too. He is equally racist to Mexicans, Muslims, and basically anyone that isn't white and male.

The guy is well known to be racist and sexist. Can't really defend the guy at all.
          De döda pÃ¥ stränderna        
2000 döda. Siffrorna kom häromdagen. 2000 människor dog i medelhavet förra året. Det är mer än fem personer om dagen. Fem personer i dag, fem personer i går, fem personer i morgon. Män, kvinnor och barn. Vi har alla sett katastrofbilderna, vi vet att det är barn också.

Döda flyter de i land pÃ¥ sydeuropas stränder, numera knappt utan att lokalbefolkningen orkar bry sig. Människor sitter och solar med döda människokroppar nÃ¥gra hundra meter bort. Döden har blivit en fullständig normalitet. Deras död. Afrikaners död. Syriers död. Folk som förtvivlat försöker ta sig frÃ¥n det syriska blodbad som FN beskriver som grymmare än vi ens kan föreställa oss, eller som försöker undkomma IS folkmord. I stället dör de utanför Italiens kust.

Från Sverige skickar vi förresten just nu tillbaka flyktingar till norra Irak. Vi skickar tillbaka folk till just den pågående etniska rensning som vi samtidigt läser om i tidningarna och begråter. Vi skickar tillbaka folk till Gaza också.

Jag fick i uppgift i kväll att tala om hur vi stoppar rasismen, och jag gissar att man ville att jag skulle tala utifrån min text, som handlar om yttrandefrihet och hur så många i dag missförstår den. Och det finns absolut saker att säga om det. Så sent som i går läste jag en ny text i en borgerligt tidskrift om att det enbart var en gradskillnad, inte en artskillnad, mellan att vuvuzuela på ett möte och att kasta bomber i politikers hem för att försöka mörda dem. Det är nog lite mer än en gradskillnad däremellan. Potentiellt döda kroppar till exempel.

Och jag kan inte ta mig förbi alla döda kroppar. Mitt tänkande hakar fast sig i fasan och kommer inte vidare. Jag kan inte sluta tänka på de fem döda människorna i medelhavet varje dag, jag kan inte låta bli att se deras ansikten, se deras utsträckta händer från sjunkande båtar, deras anklagelser om att vi tycker att deras död är ett rimligt pris att betala.

För det gör vi uppenbarligen.

Jag är nu en sådan märklig orealistisk typ som i grunden är för fri invandring. Jag anser inte att någon, stater eller andra människor, ska ha rätt att fjättra folk vid den plats de föddes.

Jag har en son. Han är sju år och började skolan i förra veckan. Jag tycker inte att han har mer rätt att växa upp i trygghet i ett fungerande demokratiskt fredligt ekonomiskt framgångsrikt land än ett barn som föddes i Sudan eller Syrien.

Han har inte gjort något för att förtjäna sitt blonda hår, som han får fördelar av varje dag. Han har inte gjort något för att förtjäna en bra skola eller fungerande avloppssystem. Han har inte gjort något som gör att han har mer rätt att sova tryggt i sitt rum på natten än andra barn som sover samma nätter under granatbeskjutning. Han har inte rätt, jag har inte rätt, vi har inte rätt, att förneka andra barn och andra föräldrar att söka samma trygghet, samma möjligheter

Jag kallade mig själv orealistisk där i början, för det är så det beskrivs. Att anse allt detta påstås vara naivt och barnsligt och liksom lite tossigt. Att fortsatt se de döda flyta i land på stränderna är visst det realistiska alternativet.

Detta är rasism. Deras kroppar, deras döda, behöver vi inte bry oss om. Om vi någonsin ska kunna mota rasismen måste vi inse att detta är den rasism som ligger i botten av vårt invandringssystem.

Och om detta är det enda realistiska så vet jag inte hur vi ska kunna leva med oss själva.


Det här är ett anförande jag höll på releasen av Rasismen i Sverige 28/8. Anförandet efterfrågades som text också.
          Ø¨Ù…ناسبة العيد اغاني للفنان احمد الصادق        
أحمد الصادق

العربية

الأصل ما ببقى صورة

البلال ما جانا

الدار الما داري

الدنيا تحلى

الليلة فرحو الليلة عيدو

الوز عوام

الزاهي لونك

[url=http://www.sudani.ws/music/music/ahmedelsadiq/alzikrayat.html]الذكريات

          ÙŠØ§ØºØ±ÙŠØ¨ عن ديارك        

          Al-Marhum Dato’ Mursyid Diraja al ‘Allamah Syeikh Haji Tajuddin         

Al-Marhum Dato’ Mursyid Diraja al ‘Allamah Syeikh Haji Tajuddin bin Syeikh Abdul Rahman - bekas Pengerusi Majlis Fatwa Kebangsaan (1995-1999)


Al Marhum Dato’ Haji Tajudin dilahirkan di belakang Kilang Ais, Seberang Perak, Alor Setar, Kedah Darul Aman, pada 27 Ramadhan 1343H bersamaan dengan 18 September 1924M. Nama penuh beliau ialah Haji Tajudin bin Syeikh Abdul Rahman al-Jarumi. Beliau adalah anak Syeikh Abdul Rahman yang ke 8 daripada 11 orang adik-beradik. Beliau juga mempunyai 2 orang saudara seibu. Gelaran al-Jarumi[1] adalah disabitkan dari gelaran datuknya iaitu Tok Syeikh Jarum (1849 -1911)[2], salah seorang ulamak yang terkenal di Kedah dan Nusantara pada abad yang ke 19 yang juga merupakan guru kepada baginda Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah. Nama sebenar Tok Syeikh Jarum ialah Syeikh Wan Idris bin Wan Jamaluddin bin Syeikh Wan Abdul Latif bin Syeikh Wan Shamsuddin bin Syeikh Wan Muhammad Faqih bin Syeikh Wan Muhammad Yasin bin Syeikh Ibrahim Al Hadrami bin Syeikh Ibar al-Hadrami al-Jarmi atau lebih dikenali umum sebagai Syeikh Jamaluddin al Kubro. Bapa Dato’ Haji Tajudin iaitu Syeikh Abdul Rahman al-Jarumi[3] adalah seorang ulama yang sangat terkenal di Alor Setar. Bapanya telah membuka pondok di Batu 1, Jalan Sungai Korok, Alor Setar. Bapanya juga menjadi guru kepada Baginda Sultan Abdul Hamid dan Sultan Badlishah serta kerabat-kerabat. Ibu beliau Nik Rahmah (Nik Doh) binti Nik Abdul Manaf adalah seorang guru al-Quran dan merupakan kerabat Raja Teluban salah sebuah Wilayah di Patani. Semasa zaman kanak-kanak beliau memperolehi pendidikan awal dipondok ayahnya sendiri iaitu di pondok Batu 1. Di samping belajar menulis dan membaca, beliau juga diajar menghafaz matan dan fardhu ‘ain. Manakala ilmu-ilmu al-Quran adalah diperolehi dari ibunya sendiri iaitu Nik Doh. Setelah mencapai usia remaja iaitu ketika berumur 10 tahun beliau dihantar oleh ayahnya ke Makkah untuk melanjutkan pelajaran menengah dan tinggi. Ketika di Makkah beliau dihantar belajar di Sekolah Tinggi Darul Ulum iaitu 3 tahun di peringkat menengah rendah (1933-1935)[4] dan 4 tahun peringkat menengah atas (1936-1942). Beliau kemudiannya menyambung pelajaran di peringkat tinggi selama 2 tahun (1943-1944) hingga mendapat syahadah ‘Aliah. Beliau turut mendalami ilmu-ilmu agama di Masjid Al Haram Makkah selama 3 tahun iatu (1943-1945). Ketika di Darul Ulum beliau mempelajari ilmu-ilmu agama, Bahasa Arab dan pelajaran lain seperti Mantik, Matematik dan Sains. Di antara pelajaran-pelajaran agama yang beliau pelajari di sini termasuklah Ilmu Feqah, Faraid, Usul Feqah, Qawaid Feqah, Tafsir, Ulum Quran, Hadith, Mustolah, Tauhid, dan Sejarah Islam. Manakala pelajaran-pelajaran Bahasa Arab pula ialah seperti Nahu, Sorof, Insyak, Mutolaah, ‘Arudh, Nusus, Adab dan Balaghah. Ketika di Masjid al-Haram pula beliau mendalami ilmu Feqah, Usul Feqah, Tauhid, Tafsir, Hadith dan Tasawuf. Semasa di dalam kelas beliau digelar oleh gurunya Sheikh Muhammad Yasin al-Fadani dan rakan-rakannya sebagai Taj as Sabki kerana kebolehan beliau yang tinggi dalam membaca dan memahami dengan baik kitab usul Feqah yang mashur iaitu Jam’u al Jawami’ karya Imam Tajuddin As Sabki ialah ulama’ besar dalam ilmu perundangan Islam. Kitab ini menjadi rujukan utama di pusat-pusat pengajian tingi hingga sekarang. Selain Syeikh Muhammad Yasin al-Fadani yang merupakan guru utamanya yang juga seorang ulama hadith yang sangat masyhur di Makkah dimana Dato’ Haji Tajudin menerima ijazah sanad-sanad Hadis dan kitab-kitab Mu’tabar yang menjadi sumber rujukan di dalam ilmu-ilmu Islam dari gurunya itu, beliau turut berguru dengan Syeikh Hasan al-Masyalt, Syeikh Ali al-Maliki, Syeikh Husain al-Maliki, Muhaddith Hijaz al-Hafiz Syeikh Omar Hamdan al-Mahrisi, Syeikh Shafie Kedah, Syeikh Ismail Abdul Qadir al-Fathani, Sayyid Muhammad Amin al-Qurtubi, Sayyid ‘Alawi bin Sayyid Abbas al-Hasani, Syeikh Zain al-Boyani, Syeikh Yaakub bin Abdul Qadir al-Mandili dan Syeikh Husain Abdul Ghani al-Falimbani. Beliau sangat rapat dengan gurunya yang utama itu sehingga selepas pulang ke tanahair pun, beliau sentiasa berhubung dengan gurunya itu. Setelah pulang dari Makkah pada awal tahun 1946 dalam usia 21 tahun beliau berkahwin dengan Puan Siti Zubaidah binti Ismail 18 tahun.[5]Perkahwinan ini menghasilkan 9 orang cahaya mata. Anak ketiga beliau Faiqah meninggal dunia ketika berumur 4 tahun setelah terjatuh ke dalam perigi berdekatan dengan rumahnya. Anak beliau yang masih ada ialah lapan orang iaitu: Fauziah, Ahmad Shafik, Ahmad Najib, Saulah, Mahmud Pathi, Zakiah, Mohd Jamil Sadaqi dan Muhammad Farid Wajdi. 7 orang anaknya telah mencecahkan kaki ke pusat pengajian tinggi. Daripada itu tiga daripadanya telah berjaya mencapai ke peringkat ijazah Sarjana atau Master. Pada tahun 1946 beliau mula mengasaskan Madrasah Nahdhah Hasanah, di Melele. Beliau dilantik oleh penduduk-penduduk setempat menjadi mudir yang pertama hingga sekarang. Pendorong utama beliau untuk menerima jawatan ini ialah ayahnya sendiri Syeikh Abdul Rahman dan isterinya Siti Zubaidah. Murid-murid pertama yang diterima masuk ke sekolah adalah seramai kira-kira 13 orang yang terdiri daripada anak tempatan. Di antara mereka ialah Abdul Halim bin Imam Lebai Salleh, Ramli bin Toha, Aishah binti Abdul Hamid, Hashim Naim bin Othman, Tom binti Ismail, Yahya bin Jusuh, Intan binti Mat Arif dan Bakar bin Ahmad. Ahli Jawatan kuasa Lembaga Tadbir sekolah yang pertama ditubuhkan pada masa itu ialah terdiri daripada Tuan Imam Lebai Salleh, Tuan Haji Darus Arshad, Cikgu Shaari bin Abu Bakar (Setiausaha Pertama), Cikgu Ismail bin Ahmad, Cikgu Talib bin Din, Haji Othman bin Idris, Haji Jusuh bin Idris (bendahari pertama), Haji Mat Arif bin Jusuh. Guru awal yang dilantik bagi membantu Tuan Guru Haji Tajuddin ialah Ustaz Zainal Abidin dan Ustaz Haji Ahmad. Setelah itu guru-guru sekolah ini di ambil dari kalangan bekas-bekas penuntut sekolah ini. Mereka terdiri daripada Ustaz Nayan, Ustaz Hashim Ishak, Ustaz Kasim Lebai Man, Ustaz Salleh bin Sutan dan Ustaz Hashim Naim. Pada tahun 1368 bersamaan 1949 sekolah ini telah didaftarkan secara rasmi dengan Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Kedah oleh Pendaftar Sekolah-sekolah Agama pada masa itu iaitu Syeikh Mahmud dengan nama Madrasah Nahdhah al-Hasanah atau Sekolah Menengah Agama Nahdhah Hasanah. Nama sekolah ini diilhamkan oleh Kadhi Kubang Pasu pada masa itu iaitu Tuan Haji Ahmad bin Yasin. Berdasarkan lokasi semasa, sekolah ini berada di tengah perjalanan antara Bandar Jitra ke Kodiang. Madrasah ini kini dipimpin oleh anak Dato’ Haji Tajudin iaitu Syeikh Muhammad Farid Wajdi sebagai pengetua.[6] Peringkat awal penubuhan Madrasah Nahdhah Hasanah adalah sungguh mencabar kerana pimpinan madrasah terpaksa berjalan berbatu-batu merentasi hutan, paya dan sungai untuk berdakwah sambil memperkenalkan sekolah yang baru ditubuhkan disamping berusaha mendapat sokongan moral dan wang ringgit. Untuk membangunkan Madrasah, Haji Tajudin dibantu oleh Tuan Imam Lebai Salleh iaitu Imam Masjid Melele, dan beberapa orang lagi. Rumah yang mula-mula di duduki hanyalah pondok kecil yang bertiang dan berlantai kayu bulat, berdinding pelepuh dan beratap rumbia. Keadaan masyarakat pula kebanyakannya agak jahil dimana mereka mengamalkan kepercayaan tahyul, tok keramat, khurafat dan syirik. Keramat Tok Melele dipuja apabila datang musim menuai. Berjudi laga ayam dan kerbau adalah amalan kebiasaan penduduk pada masa itu. Bermula dari cabaran inilah beliau berazam untuk mengubah keadaan fizikal kawasan dan mengubati kepincangan yang berlaku di dalam masyarakat. Selain daripada menumpukan pengajaran di sekolah atau pondoknya, beliau juga berdakwah diluar dengan mengajar di beberapa tempat di sekitar Alor Star termasuk istana. Di antara kitab yang beliau gunakan di dalam pengajaran beliau ialah kitab Syarah al-Hikam Ibnu Atoillah karangan Tokku Pulau Manis, Minhaj Al ‘Abidin karangan Imam al-Ghazali, Bughuyah At Tullab karangan Syeikh Daud al-Fathani, Kasyhful Litham karangan Syeikh Zainal Abidin al-Fathani, Sairus Salikin karangan Sheikh Abdul Samad al- Falimbani, Aqidah An Najin karangan Syeikh Zainal Abidin al-Fathani, Hidayatus Salikin karangan Syeikh Abdul Samad al-Falimbani, Sabilul Muhtadin karangan Syeikh Muhammad Arsyad al-Banjari dan Bakurah Al Amani karangan Syeikh Ismail Abdul Qadir al-Fathani yang merupakan kitab-kitab Jawi. Manakala kitab berbahasa Arab pula ialah Majmu’ an-Nawawi Syarah al-Muhazzab karangan Iman Nawawi, Jam’u al Jawami’ karangan Imam Tajuddin as-Sabki, al-Hikam Ibnu Atoillah Syarah Ibnu ‘Ibbad, Ihya Ulum ud Din karangan Imam al-Ghazali, Tafsir Ibnu Kathir dan Riadus Solihin karangan Imam Nawawi. Setelah berdakwah secara lisan serta menglibatkan diri dalam dakwah dan keagamaan sama ada peringkat negeri atau kebangsaan, beliau juga terlibat dalam penghasilan karya-karya penulisan. Antara karya-karya beliau berbentuk penulisan ialah:
1- Rahsia Sembahyang – terbitan Majlis Agama Islam Kedah
2- Doa’ Pagi Dan Petang – terbitan Majlis Agama Islam Kedah
3- Perhimpunan Ibadat Qiyamullail – terbitan Majlis Agama Islam Kedah
4- Rahsia Haji – diterbitkan sendiri untuk kuliah ibadat haji beliau.
5- Dan beberapa risalah lain.
Pengalaman dan ilmunya yang luas menyebabkan beliau telah dilantik memegang jawatan-jawatan penting samada diperingkat negeri mahupun kebangsaan seperti;
1- Ahli Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Kedah – semenjak 1960an hingga 2000.
2- Ahli Jawatankuasa Zakat Negeri Kedah – semenjak 1970an hingga 2000.
3- Ahli Majlis Fatwa Negeri Kedah – semenjak 1980an hingga 2000.
4- Ahli Jawatankuasa Ibadat Haji, Lembaga Urusan Tabung Haji - 1994 hingga 2000.
5- Pakar Rujuk Ibadah Haji di Makkah – 1995 hingga 2000.
6- Pengerusi Majlis Fatwa Kebangsaan – 1995 hingga 1999.
7- Ahli Majlis Agama Kebangsaan – 1995 hingga 1999[7]
Anugerah yang diterimanya atas sumbangan dan jasanya ialah seperti
1- Pingat Jasa Kebaktian PJK, oleh DYMM Sultan Kedah – tahun 1969.
2- Ahli Mahkota Kedah AMK, oleh DYMM Sultan Kedah – pada 10/1/1980.
3- Ahli Mangku Negara AMN oleh Yang Dipertuan Agung – pada 4/6/1980.
4- Dato’ bergelar Dato’ Mursyid Diraja oleh DYMM Sultan Kedah – pada 17/1/1988.
5- Anugerah Pendidik Jaya Negeri Kedah – pada Hari Guru tahun 1991.
6- Anugerah Perkhidmatan Cemerlang oleh Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Kedah – tahun 1993.
7- Darjah Kebesaran Negeri Kedah iaitu DSDK (Dato’ Setia Diraja Kedah) oleh DYMM Sultan Kedah - pada 23/1/1994.
8- Anugerah Tokoh Guru Kubang Pasu - pada 23 Mei 1998.
9- Bintang Kebesaran Orang Besar Enam Belas – Hari Keputraan DYMM Sultan Kedah tahun 2000.
10- Tokoh Maal Hijrah 1421H/ 2000M peringkat negeri Kedah.[8]
Dato’ Haji Tajudin juga dikatakan mahir menggunakan komputer. Sejak dari hujung tahun 1980an beliau memiliki set komputer peribadi sendiri. Beliau adalah seorang yang mahir dalam menggunakan beberapa perisian komputer di antaranya ialah perisian Macintosh Mac Draw.[9] Salah seorang murid Dato’ Haji Tajudin yang menjadi ulama masyhur pada masa ini ialah Syeikh Fuad Kamaluddin al-Maliki[10], ahli majlis Fatwa Negeri Sembilan dan pengasas Sekolah Tinggi Islam as-Sofa. Selepas menduduki peperiksaan Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM), Syeikh Fuad berhijrah ke Madrasah al Nahdah al Hasanah Kedah untuk mendalami pengajian Agama dan Bahasa Arab dengan guru-guru pondok di sana. Disitulah beliau berkesempatan menimba ilmu dengan al Marhum Dato’ Mursyid Diraja al ‘Allamah Syeikh Hj. Tajudin. Sekalipun tidak lama belajar di sana, Syeikh Fuad menjadi murid kebanggaan gurunya, Dato’ Haji Tajudin dan memperolehi kejayaan yang cemerlang. Ketika berada di Mesir, beliau telah mengutus sepucuk surat kepada Dato’ Haji Tajudin di dalam Bahasa Arab. Nama dan suratnya disebut dan dibaca oleh Dato’ Haji Tajudin dalam perhimpunan sekolah dan menjadi murid contoh kepada pelajar-pelajar yang lain. Semasa menziarahi Dato’ Haji Tajudin setelah tamat pengajian di al Azhar dan membuka sekolah pondok di kampungnya, Dato’ Haji Tajudin menyatakan perasaan bangganya di atas kejayaan beliau dan jejak langkahnya yang diikuti oleh beliau. Malah Dato’ Haji Tajudin turut berpesan kepada beliau supaya mengajar kitab Hikam dan cara-cara amalan seseorang itu diterima Allah dan bukan sekadar mengajar hukum sah dan batal. Dato’ Haji Tajudin juga sempat memberikan kata-kata perangsang kepada Syeikh Fuad agar menguatkan semangat meneruskan usahanya dan memahami segala mehnah yang dihadapinya. Dato’ Haji Tajudin juga membenarkan pelajar maahad yang dipimpin oleh Syeikh Fuad mengambil peperiksaan bersama dengan sekolahnya.[11]
Akhirnya pada 11 Mei 2000 bersamaan 7 Safar 1421 hari Khamis jam 8.00 malam, Dato' Mursyid Diraja Syeikh Haji Tajudin telah berpulang ke Rahmatullah. Semoga Allah mencucuri rahmat dan hidayat ke atas rohnya.
Notakaki

[1] Gelaran 'Jarum' di hujung nama Haji Wan Muhammad ldris dikatakan berpunca dari peristiwa sewaktu Raja Patani mengumpul beberapa orang ulama di istananya untuk berbincang masalah 'hukum rejam' dalam Islam. Diantara semua ulama yang hadir, Haji Wan Muhammad Idris adalah yang paling muda. Ketika Raja Patani meminta Haji Wan Muhammad ldris memberikan pendapat, beliau terus dapat menjawab dengan pintar dan tepat. Ketajaman fikiran Haji Wan Muhammad itulah menyebabkan baginda menggelarnya, 'Tok Sheikh Jarum'. Tok Sheikh Jarum atau nama penuhnya ialah Haji Wan Muhammad ldris bin Haji Wan Jamal dilahirkan pada tahun 1266 Hijrah bersamaan 1849 Masihi di Kampung Bendang, Daerah Jaha dalam Wilayah Yala, Patani.

[2] Tok Sheikh Jarum mula mempelajari pelajaran agama Islam dari gurunya yang juga merupakan ayah angkatnya bernama Haji Minai (ada juga menyebutnya sebagai Minal) atau lebih dikenali dengan panggilan Tuan Minai (Minal) atau Tok Sheikh Minai (Minal) iaitu pengarang kitab Kashful-Litham dan Aqidat Al-Najin yang sangat terkenal di Alam Melayu. Nama penuh Tuan Minai ialah Syeikh Wan Zainal Abidin bin Wan Muhammad al-Fathani bin Wan Muhammad Dahan bin Wan Syamsuddin bin Wan Ja'far bin Wan Husein bin Ali. Beliau telah membawa Tok Sheikh Jarum ke Makkah untuk menunaikan haji. Apabila Tuan Minai kembali ke tanahair, Tok Sheikh Jarum tidak ikut serta kerana beliau mahu mendalami pengajiannya di dalam bidang bahasa Arab, Usuluddin, Tafsir dan Fiqah. Sekembalinya dari Makkah, Tok Sheikh Jarum mengajar beberapa tahun di pondok Tuan Minai di Bendang Dalam, Patani. Kali kedua beliau berangkat ke Makkah ialah pada tahun 1895 dengan membawa ketiga-tiga orang isterinya dan dua orang muridnya yang berasal dari Kedah iaitu Haji Mohamad Salleh Haji ldris dan Haji Muhammad Taib. Kali ini beliau tidak tinggal lama di Makkah kerana cita-citanya ingin pulang ke tanahair untuk mengasaskan perkampungan pondoknya sendiri. Pada awal tahun 1900, Tok Sheikh Jarum bersama isteri-isterinya berangkat meninggalkan Makkah dan berniat untuk singgah di Kedah. Di Kedah, beliau tinggal di rumah seorang muridnya, Haji Awang di Pondok Kubang Siam. Berita ketibaan ulama Patani di kampung itu dan kemasyhurannya telah sampai ke pengetahuan Sultan Kedah, Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah melalui Sheikh Ahmad Daim yang merupakan Kadhi Besar Kedah waktu itu. Baginda dikatakan meminta Tok Sheikh supaya menetap terus di Kedah untuk mengembangkan syiar Islam di samping menjadi Guru Agama di istana. Permintaan baginda itu diterima oleh Tok Sheikh Jarum kerana bersesuaian dengan cita-citanya. Tok Sheikh Jarum diberi kemudahan tempat tinggal di Alor Star. Namun disebabkan suasana sibuk dan hangar-bingar Alor Setar, beliau merasakan dirinya tidak sesuai tinggal disitu. Lalu beliau memohon suatu tempat atau kawasan untuk membolehkan beliau membangunkan sekolah pondoknya. Permohonannya dipertimbangkan dan diberikan satu kawasan yang terletak di Derga. Di situlah beliau meneroka dan mendirikan perkampungan pondoknya dengan bantuan orang-orang dari Kanchut, Alor Star. Dalam masa yang singkat, purata jumlah pelajarnya bertambah setiap tahun sehingga pondoknya meningkat kepada dua ratus buah. Oleh kerana pertambahan yang menggalakkan itu, Tok Sheikh Jarum membahagikan kawasan pondoknya kepada dua bahagian iaitu 'pondok luar' dan 'pondok dalam'. Di samping mengajar di pondoknya, beliau juga kerap ke istana untuk mengajar agama kepada putera-puteri diraja. Setiap kali ke istana, beliau menaiki kereta kuda khas yang datang mengambil dan menghantarnya pulang. Mata pelajaran yang diajar oleh Tok Sheikh Jarum di pondoknya termasuklah Usuluddin, Tafsir, Feqah dan bahasa Arab. Anak-anak murid Tok Sheikh Jarum ramai yang berjaya menjadi ulama terkenal di samping menjadi imam dan ada pula yang menurut jejaknya mengasaskan pondok masing-masing. Tok Sheikh Jarum merupakan salah seorang ulama yang pernah dipilih menduduki barisan Majmak Ulama Dua Belas berpusat di Masjid Zahir, Alor Star yang dipengerusikan oleh Syeikhul-lslam Kedah, Haji Wan Sulaiman Wan Sidek. Mereka berkumpul setiap malam Jumaat bermuzakarah tentang agama dan mengeluarkan sesuatu fatwa. Tok Sheikh Jarum disifatkan sebagai seorang ulama yang bertindak tegas dan teguh pendirian. Satu contoh yang dapat dikaitkan dengan sifat tersebut ialah penghijrahan beliau ke Kedah disebabkan tidak bersetuju di atas dasar pemerintahan Thai yang memaksanya mengorek sebatang taliair di kampungnya. Kira-kira sepuluh tahun selepas ia diasaskan iaitu sekitar tahun 1909 pondok itu ditakdirkan musnah dalam suatu kebakaran besar. Punca kebakaran itu dihubungkaitkan dengan pembakaran ikan terubuk kerana boleh dikatakan setiap hari rata-rata penghuni pondok itu membakar ikan terubuk. Kebakaran yang amat dahsyat itu tidak dapat dicegah kerana ianya berlaku dalam sekelip mata. Kesan yang masih tinggal dan dapat disaksikan hingga ke hari ini ialah tiga buah telaga batu di kawasan itu. Salah sebuah daripadanya masih dapat digunakan lagi airnya. Pihak kerajaan bertindak segera membina rumah-rumah panjang di kawasan itu bagi membolehkan penghuninya meneruskan pengajian. Dua tahun kemudian iaitu pada 6 April 1911, Tok Sheikh Jarum meninggal dunia ketika berusia 63 tahun. Jenazahnya dikebumikan di tanah perkuburan Derga.
[3] Meninggal dunia pada tahun 1954
[4] Mudir pada masa itu ialah Saiyid Muhsin Ali al-Masawi dari Indonesia. Setelah meninggal pada tahun 1935, jawatan mudir dipegang oleh Syeikh Zubir Ahmad selama lima tahun. Syeikh Zubir Ahmad kemudiannya pulang ke tanahair dan pernah memimpin Madrasah Idrisiyyah di Kuala Kangsar.
[5] Rujuk http://madrasah.nh.my/info-sekolah/pengasas-madrasah. Dicapai pada 27 Jun 2009
[6] Rujuk http://madrasah.nh.my/info-sekolah/pengenalan-madrasah. Dicapai pada 27 Jun 2009
[7] Rujuk http://madrasah.nh.my/info-sekolah/pengasas-madrasah. Dicapai pada 27 Jun 2009
[8] Rujuk http://madrasah.nh.my/info-sekolah/pengasas-madrasah. Dicapai pada 27 Jun 2009
[9] Rujuk http://madrasah.nh.my/info-sekolah/pengasas-madrasah. Dicapai pada 27 Jun 2009
[10] Rujuk http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2006&dt=0213&pub=utusan_malaysia&sec=bicara_agama&pg=ba_02.htm&arc=hive&arc=hive untuk membaca kisah menarik Syeikh Fuad Kamaluddin sepanjang beliau menimba ilmu di Tanah Arab dan penglibatan beliau dalam dakwah. Artikel menarik tentang Syeikh Fuad Kamaluddin al-Maliki ini adalah hasil tulisan Tarmizi Abdul Rahim yang dipaparkan diruangan Bicara Agama Utusan Malaysia. Terbit pada 13 Februari 2006.
Tajuk artikel: Muhammad Fuad azam hasilkan empat kitab sebulan.
PEPATAH Arab menyebut, “masa itu ibarat pedang, kalau kita tidak memotongnya ia akan memotong kita.” Itulah yang menjadi pegangan penerima Anugerah Khas Maal Hijrah 1427 peringkat Negeri Sembilan, Muhammad Fuad Kamaludin, 32. Walaupun berada di Bumi Para Anbia’ Mesir hanya selama tiga tahun enam bulan tetapi beliau memanfaatkan sepenuhnya masa itu untuk berguru dengan lebih 40 ulama terkemuka di negara itu. Istilah berguru di sini bukan seperti kaedah biasa yang diamalkan di kuliah pengajian universiti iaitu mengikut sukatan dalam dewan pengajian dengan pelajar yang ramai, sebaliknya anak muda ini berguru secara talaqqi iaitu berguru secara terus dengan para ulama berkenaan dalam kumpulan kecil untuk mendalami kitab pengajian daripada ‘kulit ke kulit’. Tidak cukup dengan itu, ulama muda ini turut berkelana menimba ilmu daripada beberapa ulama terkenal dari seluruh dunia, antaranya pakar hadis Dr. Sayyid Muhammad Alawi Al Maliki dari Mekah Al Mukarramah dan beberapa lagi tokoh dari Mesir, Syria, Yemen, Dubai dan Sudan. Apa yang istimewa, kesemua guru beliau itu bukan setakat menganggapnya sebagai anak murid kebanggaan tetapi turut mengambilnya sebagai anak angkat. Kesemua mereka memberikan tauliah khusus kepadanya untuk menyampaikan ilmu yang diperoleh itu kepada umat Islam di seluruh dunia. Dr. Sayyid Muhammad Alawi Al Maliki telah menganugerahkan gelaran keluarganya, Al Maliki, kepada beliau. “Kadang-kadang jika saya terlewat atau terlelap kerana terlalu letih, yang mulia guru-guru saya ini akan datang ke rumah untuk bertanyakan khabar dan seterusnya memulakan kelas pengajian di situ,” katanya kepada Utusan Malaysia ketika ditemui di rumahnya di Kampung Bukit Sembilan, Chengkau, Negeri Sembilan. Bagaimanapun, pemegang Ijazah Sarjana Muda Syariah dan Undang-Undang dari Universiti al-Azhar ini memberitahu bahawa beliau tidak memasuki kuliah seperti pelajar lain sepanjang berada di negara itu. Muhammad Fuad hanya berurusan sebanyak dua kali sahaja dengan pentadbiran universiti iaitu untuk membuat kad pelajar dan menduduki peperiksaan akhir universiti. “Saya bukan tidak mahu mengikuti pengajian kuliah tetapi saya ingin mengambil peluang berguru sendiri secara talaqqi dengan ulama terkenal di masjid-masjid dan rumah kediaman mereka. Sepanjang tiga tahun enam bulan berada di sana, rutin pengajian saya bermula seawal subuh sehingga larut malam setiap hari. “Saya akan pergi berguru secara terus daripada ulama dan tuan punya kitab untuk mendalami ilmu agama secara kulit ke kulit dalam pelbagai disiplin seperti al-Quran, nahu, syariah, fikah, usuluddin, tasawuf dan tauhid,” kata Muhammad Fuad yang amat memuliakan kesemua gurunya. Walaupun demikian, beliau diminta oleh rakan pelajar mengadakan sesi tuisyen khas bagi membantu mereka yang kurang memahami pengajaran di universiti. Anak bongsu daripada lima beradik dan anak lelaki tunggal kepada pasangan Kamaludin Mahat dan Zainab Mahmud itu berkata, kitab pertama yang ditulisnya ialah perbahasan dan perbincangan peribadi Rasulullah dalam bahasa Arab pada tahun 1993 selepas setahun berada di Mesir. Sehingga kini, bapa kepada enam cahaya mata itu telah menghasilkan 115 kitab pelbagai disiplin dan digunakan oleh ahli-ahli agama. Ia menjadi rujukan ulama tempatan dan luar negara. Kitab-kitab tersebut ialah tiga kitab tafsir, 19 kitab karangan hadis, sembilan kitab karangan tauhid, 14 kitab karangan fikah, sembilan kitab karangan tasawuf, enam kitab karangan sirah, 10 kitab karangan tokoh dan 44 kitab berkaitan amalan. Malah, Muhammad Fuad yang juga Ahli Majlis Fatwa Kerajaan Negeri Sembilan turut menulis 12 kitab bahasa Arab. Kitab Al Toli'al Sa'id Al Muntakhab Min Al Athbat Wal Al Asanid dan kitab al-Jawahir al- Ghawali min Asanid al-Imam al-Azhari yang berkaitan ilmu hadis diterbitkan di Mesir. Kitab itu mendapat pengiktirafan dan disahkan oleh para ulama al-Azhar, Mesir seperti Profesor Dr. Judah al Mahdi, Dekan Fakulti al-Quran dan Qiraat serta Ahli Lembaga Lujnah Tafsir al-Quran al-Azhar. Ketokohan anak muda ini bukan sahaja diperakui dalam negara. Beliau turut mendapat undangan berceramah dan pidato serta membentangkan kertas kerja di Singapura, Mesir dan Mekah di hadapan para ilmuwan Islam lain. Menceritakan proses penulisan buku, Muhammad Fuad mensyaratkan dirinya menghasilkan sekurang-kurangnya empat buah kitab sebulan. “Guru saya pernah berpesan bahawa adalah menjadi satu keaiban kepada seorang pelajar dan pemimpin ilmu yang tidak membawa bersamanya buku nota dan pen kerana setiap benda yang dilihat adalah maklumat dan ilmu berguna baginya,” katanya yang memetik pesanan gurunya, Syeikh Ghassan al Bahrimi. Beliau, bagaimanapun, mengakui dirinya terlalu kerdil dan ketinggalan berbanding ulama silam yang mampu menghasilkan beribu-ribu jilid kitab pelbagai disiplin dalam keadaan serba kekurangan berbanding muslim masa kini yang memiliki segala kemudahan dan teknologi canggih. “Sebagai contoh, Ibn Shahin menulis 33,000 kitab dan kitab tafsir sebanyak 1,000 jilid; Abu Hasan al-Asyari menulis lebih 600 jilid kitab dan ulama tafsir, Ibn Tabari juga telah mensyaratkan dirinya menulis setiap hari sebanyak 40 helai. “Tanpa elektrik, komputer dan internet, mereka masih boleh menghasilkan karya bermutu yang menjadi rujukan umat Islam seluruh dunia hingga kini. Justeru, tidak mustahil bagi kita yang memiliki segala-gala kemudahan itu untuk turut sama berbuat demikian,” katanya yang amat mengasihi Rasulullah dan keluarganya serta menolak fahaman yang menyalahi pegangan Ahli Sunnah Wal Jamaah. Selepas pulang ke Malaysia pada 1996, anak jati Kampung Chenong Chengkau, Rembau ini membuka pondok pengajiannya seluas 0.2 hektar dalam kawasan tanah milik ibunya dengan modal RM17. Ketika itu beliau berusia 22 tahun. Kini, penuntutnya semakin bertambah sehingga beliau memerlukan kawasan yang lebih besar. Maka kawasan kira-kira empat hektar di Kampung Sembilan, Chengkau telah dipilih bagi menubuhkan Surau al-Taufiqi al-Husaini. Usaha tersebut, bagaimanapun, menerima pelbagai tohmahan dan fitnah. Orang memfitnahnya mengatakannya membawa fahaman yang sesat. “Atas dasar keikhlasan untuk berdakwah semata-mata untuk keredaan Allah, maka segala cabaran dan dugaan itu berjaya diatasi dan kini masyarakat mulai dapat menerima usaha yang saya jalankan,” katanya. Muhammad Fuad tidak pernah menjadikan usia mudanya sebagai halangan untuk menyampaikan ilmu yang diperoleh daripada guru-gurunya yang bersambung terus sanad mereka dengan Rasulullah. “Saya tidak berasa tekanan. Saya percaya bahawa setiap niat ikhlas nescaya akan mendapat kekuatan daripada Allah yang disertakan sekali dengan restu dan ijazah yang diberikan oleh kesemua guru-guru saya,” ujar beliau. Beliau menekankan perasaan rendah diri dan tawaduk terhadap kekurangan diri di hadapan Allah Yang Maha Esa dengan mempercayai bahawa setiap nikmat yang diperoleh adalah segala-galanya daripada Pencipta. “Saya seboleh-bolehnya mengamalkan pendekatan ahli sufi iaitu menganggap orang tua lebih hebat kerana mempunyai banyak ilmu dan amal; orang muda lebih hebat kerana tidak banyak melakukan dosa berbanding orang yang lebih berusia; dan orang jahil lebih beruntung kerana mereka melakukan maksiat kerana tidak berilmu berbanding orang yang berilmu tetapi masih melakukan maksiat,” katanya.

          National Church collection on 22/23 July in aid of 25m people facing hunger crisis in east-Africa: Kenya, South Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia        

The Irish Catholic Bishops’ Conference has announced that a special collections at all Masses will take place across Ireland on the weekend of 22 and 23 July to fund life-saving aid for people currently affected by the devastating hunger crisis in east-Africa.  The money raised will be donated to Trócaire, the overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland, which is delivering emergency food, water and health care to the 25 million people affected.


Severe drought, driven by climate change, is currently affecting Kenya, South Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia and this has resulted in failed harvests and the widespread death of livestock.  Conflict has exacerbated the effects in South Sudan and Somalia, with areas in both countries now on the verge of famine.

Archbishop Eamon Martin, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland, says the situation is critical and has urged support for the collection from parishioners, “With the failure of successive rains and a prolonged drought having taken hold of the region, just surviving has now become the main challenge facing people in large parts of east Africa.  Millions of people in the region are facing starvation.  The crops have failed and animals are dying because of a lack of grazing and water.  The large number of people affected may shock us, but we must realise that behind these stark numbers are real people: mothers and fathers unable to provide for their hungry children.

“The Catholic Church in Ireland is already responding to this crisis through Trócaire.  However, needs are so enormous that we will hold special collections across the country on the weekend of 22 July.  All money collected will go directly to Trócaire’s humanitarian relief work in east Africa.  Bishops are asking clergy and parishioners to respond to this terrible tragedy with generosity.”

Bishop William Crean, Bishop of Cloyne and chairperson of Trócaire, says the agency is already working on the ground saving lives: “Trócaire is currently running an advertising campaign to raise awareness of this crisis.  We have been providing emergency food aid, water and healthcare to affected communities – quite literally life-support for affected people.  Trócaire’s health centres in Somalia are treating approximately 19,000 people each month for malnutrition and associated illnesses.  With the support of parishioners here at home in the coming weeks, many tens of thousands more people will receive help.  For example, over 13,000 children in Kenya will receive supplementary high-energy food, new boreholes will be provided for communities, many more people will receive monthly food rations and schools will be supplied with water.

“Globally, this crisis has received very little attention.  Appeals for aid are under-funded.  For example, the UN has received just 37% of the funding it needs to respond to the crisis in Somalia.  The world is distracted by the actions of a handful of powerful politicians, while in east Africa millions suffer in silence.  It is unacceptable for so many to go hungry.”

The United Nations has described the situation in the drought-ravaged parts of Africa as the greatest humanitarian crisis since the Second World War.  Trócaire has a long-standing presence in all four affected countries and is working with local communities to deliver life-saving aid, including food, water and healthcare, to hundreds of thousands of those worst affected.

Donations to Trócaire’s east Africa hunger crisis appeal can be made at trocaire.org or by phoning 1850 408 408 (Republic of Ireland) or 0800 912 1200 (Northern Ireland).
          U.S. Department of State Implements Visa Waiver Program Entry Restrictions        
The government has now started implementing a rule disallowing "Visa Waiver" entries for nationals of Iran, Iraq, Syria or Sudan (whether or not they have ever visited those countries) and persons from any country who have visited those countries after March 1, 2011.
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          South Sudan Eliminates School Fees        

South Sudan will abolish fees in all public schools, the government announced on Monday, sparking concern that the move could worsen the problems of the war-torn country’s already crippled education system. “South Sudan is working hard to build an inclusive education system in the face of huge unmet needs, and this is why we want […]

The post South Sudan Eliminates School Fees appeared first on BellaNaija.


          TPS Designation for Syria         
Today the USCIS released details on Temporary Protective Status (TPS) application procedures for eligible Syrian nationals.  In addition to Syria, other designated countries include El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan. TPS designation can be made by the Secretary of Homeland Security when a foreign country has conditions that temporarily prevent the...
          Blues Legacy 12-27-2013 with Big Daddy        
Playlist:

Various Artists- Rock Island Line - NEGRO WORK SONGS CALLS
Mance Lipscomb- Casey Jones - Trouble In Mind
Robert Johnson- Me And The Devil Blues - The Complete Recordings
Buddy Flett- Born In Mississippi Mr Hubert - Rough Edges
Hubert Sumlin- Smokestack - I Know You
Howlin Wolf- Dust My Broom Live - Howlin Wolf In Concert Live
- voicebreak -
Bobby Rush- Down In Louisiana - Down In Louisiana
Corey Ledet And His Zydeco Band- Coreys Breakdown - Destiny
Cyril Neville- Swamp Funk - Magic Honey
Nathan The Zydeco Cha Chas- Hello Christmas - A New Road
- voicebreak -
Arthur Alexander- You Better Move On - Muscle Shoals Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Arthur Conley- Sweet Soul Music - The Fame Studios Story
Arthur Conley- Land Of 1000 Dances - The Fame Studios Story
Arthur Conley- Tell Mama - The Fame Studios Story
Arthur Conley- Cheater Man - The Fame Studios Story
Arthur Conley- Hey Jude - The Fame Studios Story
- voicebreak -
Cassie Taylor- No No - Out Of My Mind
Charlie Musselwhite- Blues Why Do You Worry Me - Juke Joint Chapel
The Cash Box Kings- Hot Biscuit Baby - Black Toppin
Bryan Lee- SixtyEight Years Young - Play One For Me Play One For Me
BB King- B Bs Boogie - Rock N Roll Early Years Vol 4
Johnny Cash- Tell Him Im Gone - Blood Sweat And Tears
Jelly Roll AllStars- Baby Dont Say That No More - Must Be Jelly
Leos Five- COD - Direct Frim The Blues Note
Willie Mitchell- 2075 - Willie Mitchell Live
- voicebreak -
The Yardbirds- Smile On Me 2002 Stereo Mix - Little Games Remastered
Jack Mazzengas SpaceTime Trio- Had To Say - Had To Say
Jack Mazzengas SpaceTime Trio- SpaceTime Blues feat Jack Mazzenga Ned Evett Neil Haverstick Mitch Goldman Joe Brown - Had To Say
- voicebreak -
Hank Thompson- Dry Bread - Town Hall Party 19581961
Howlin Wolf- The Big House - Aint Gonna Be Your Dog Chess Collectibles Vol 2
The James Cotton Blues Band- I Need You So Bad Oh Why - Dealing With The Devil
Roosevelt Sykes- Cow Cow Blues - The Original Honeydripper
- voicebreak -
Robert Johnson- Preachin Blues - King Of The Delta Blues Singers
- voicebreak -
MUHAMED EL AMIN- Habibi - THE VOICE OF SUDAN


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/67/playlistDate/2013-12-27
          Stop Dreaming        
"Innumerable times a whole Christian community has broken down because it had sprung from a wish dream....But God's grace speedily shatters such dreams. Just as surely as God desires to lead us to a knowledge of genuine Christian fellowship, so surely must we be overwhelmed by a great disillusionment with others, with Christians in general, and if we are fortunate, with ourselves....Only that fellowship which faces such disillusionment, with all its unhappy and ugly aspects, begins to be what it should be in God's sight begins to grasp in faith the promise that is given to it....He who loves his dream of a community more than the Christian community itself becomes a destroyer of the latter." Dietrich Bonhoeffer

God the Creator arranged things so that we need each other" Basil of Caesarea

I am happy to be back on this blistering hot Monday afternoon to invite you to another edition of my web prayer update. Community arrives and I am seeking to find that elusive community that I am seeking in the midst of this pilgrimage. There has been its good and the bad and even the bad has moved me to a deeper sense of moving beyond the surface of community...it begins with the simple exchange and similar passion for God and people. In this season of life, I realize more that the grace of community comes in our sharing and in unity.
"one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of his possessions was his own, but they shared everything they had. With great power the apostles continued to testify to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and much grace was upon them all."
Acts 4:32-33.

I think I have experienced some good and bad here in Syracuse. The good are the encounters with people who love God in their broken ways...often imperfect...a bit messy but nevertheless with great hope for the continuing work that God is doing...at the worst, I have seen isolation where people are hurting and are seen through the lens of their shortcomings rather than the hope in Christ.

I am learning more that the key cornerstone of the gospel is the way we live out the gospel to each other first and to the outside world. We often don't live up the promise of grace...or even worse the judgement or condemnation from the community of Christ...this hurts our witness and most of all it hurts our vision of what Christ wants to do in our midst. To be healers and pointers to God and also a defiant and prophetic voice to the culture that we are radically different in our measure of mercy and justice. But our appetites are petty...we want our churches to flourish, not the kingdom...and our love is limited, if you are a saint, you belong...our love is quite anemic, to be honest, I found more hope in community people who are secular than those who are faithful... That is why, people don't flock to churches...because it is a place of judgement and it builds up another layer of the career game...climb the ladder and if you do well, you will be allowed in the club...That is why we have so many people who serve in church because they want another credential to be honored in...Yet, Bonhoeffer's words remind me that it is not the ideal we seek but rather the pursuit of Christ through our family...We establish each other as an ambassador...each latent with a purpose...and even and boldy acknowledge our weakness to the weakest, then maybe, perhaps we can truly experience the wonder of the gospel. ..the the first missionary of the gospel in the New Testament was a woman who was married to five men...go figure...I wonder if she would have survived church in the year 2006.

Sabbath!

This past weekend was our first full weekend in Syracuse in over a month and it was nice to slow down and spend some time together. Jamie and I were able to attend Jazz in the Square to see Chuck Mangione with our friends Ming, Amy, Jeff and Pam. It was a beautiful evening as we sat on top of a pillar in the middle of Clinton Square.
































It was a nice time of fellowship and music as we shared about our lives and as newly married people, our hopes for the future. Jamie and I spent Saturday at this wonderful bookstore called Books and Memories that had such gems as floors of old board games, magazines dating back to the 30's, and a great basement of LP's (vinyl records for all you "old folk") and a scary section of sheet music. We spent a few hours there and as the thunder hit across the region we browsed. Jamie and I had a chance to visit Eastern Hills Bible Church on Sunday to hear a staff worker from Campus Crusades for Christ share a message on the truth of the gospel. We capped it off with a visit to Syracuse Alliance Church for a barbecue where I helped grill some meat (including my arm) and then some basketball with some young guys that almost broke my ankle (literally). Overall, it was a nice break from a hectic summer and it was nice not to have to drive 4+ hours again...

In the Presence of Courage
In the midst of looking for part-time work in Syracuse, I have been volunteering at the Center for New Americans in Syracuse. I am assisting with the vocational placement program that helps new refugees find work in the Syracuse area. I had the chance to meet with a Liberian woman who is recovering from her bout with cancer and looking for work. As she recalled her story she revealed her years of fleeing from the civil war in Liberia. I met two young Sudanese men (one of which is named Peter) who are now rebuilding their lives here. As I sat across the table from them I looked at their smiles as they shared their stories. It brought me back...

I remember when I attended Urbana 2003 and how I made a commitment there to be part of what God is doing in Sudan...and in the midst of being here, I took a pause in the midst of my anxiousness of finding a job, I realize the severity of their struggles in this new place. They each have a story of their escape from conflict, behind each of these lives tell a story of their encounters with some of the worst horros imaginable...and yet, I sat a few feet away from them...and that although they come here for assistance, I am in the presence of heroes. Pray for these neighbors who have arrived to this country. Pray for a unveiling of their story of coming to America as a story of salvation and deliverance into the hands of a merciful God.
Asian American Emergent Skypecast
I participated in the Asian American Emergent Skypecast with David Park (Atlanta), Ben Pun (Houston), DJ Chuang (DC) and myself (Syracuse) chatted for an hour. It was a great time discussin intergenerational immigrant Asian church’s perspective on authenticity, engagement and culture. We will have another one on August 27th, we hope that next time we will talk more about the emergent church and how it impact the issues of the Asian American Church.
OneHouse
The OneHouse event is postponed at the writing of this entry. This was due to the venue space. The organizers are meeting to see if we should postpone till October or push it to 2007. I am open to be the speaker but I want to honor their process and perhaps things will change in a few weeks. Pray for wisdom and seeking after God's heart and will in this important movement towards unity and justice.
Asian American Laity Project
I am in the midst of preparing the calendar for the upcoming Fall 2006 for our meetings with leaders from the New York Asian American church. It will primarily focus on strategy and vision casting. I am sending a preliminary proposal for the pastors to look over and also to organize a special meeting with some national leaders of this development of Asian American ministry.

I am doing some research on denominational approaches to ethnic specific ministries and to see what is out there that deals with Asian Americans. As I am speaking with people more and more, I am realizing the need for this ministry in the East Coast. I am hoping to find some time to speak with the national leaders on this topic.

Pray for wisdom and also diligence in getting some of this groundwork done. I am in the process of learning and also being challenged to gain more knowledge in this arena.

The website is up and in one week, it has received almost 1000 hits already! It was featured in Technorati's top movers on its launch date! Thank you for visiting it and also spread the word around about this site. Thanks for your support.
Things that dropped and now added...
Due to circumstances, I will not be able to assist with New York Chinese Baptist Church's Mentorship program or OCM's Zion's college ministries. These were quite a disappointment with me since I was planning and looking forward to serving with them. I am in the midst of discussion of serving at Intervarsity at Cornell. I am suppose to have a meeting with the area Coordinator and the president of the fellowship sometime in August. I have two requests to speak at a church regularly. I am not sure what is the best way of addressing this since I am in the midst of a financial crunch and balancing fundraising, looking for a part-time job and planning for the ministry. Pray for definitive opportunities for me to best serve.

In the same vein, Jamie and I praying for a new church community to best serve together and also pursue our future in ministry. We are exploring a few options and we are excited for this new season of our lives. Pray for a smooth transition for us and for our friendships that God started continue to build. I am committed to servung the youth ministry leaders at Syracuse Alliance Church and hoping help in supporting a vision and direction of God is doing at the church.

Misc Prayers
Please pray for Jamie and I as we approach our first year anniversary of our marriage (how time flies!!!) We are going to celebrate it by attending a wedding in Boston. But we are hoping to spend some time there visiting Gordon Conwell Seminary where our beloved Kenny and Cindy Chau are there. Jamie and I spent some time this weekend reflecting and praying for our shared future together.

Thank you again for reading an praying for us. We love and miss you much!

To Financially Support the ministry please send checks (make payable to PaLM) to:
PaLM
48-19 196th Street
Fresh Meadows, New York
11365-1316
please mark memo: Asian American Laity Ministries or Peter Ong
All donations are tax-deductible


          Finding a Chapel        
"Our Lord was pleased to assume the likeness of every poor man and compared Himself to every poor man in order that no man who believes in him should exalt himself over his brother...For 'I was hungry,' and 'I was thirsty' was said not just of one occassion, not of one day, but of the whole of life. In the same way 'you gave me food,' 'you gave me drink,' 'you clothed me' and so on on does not indicate one incident, but a constant attitude to everyone." ---Simeon The New Theologian (949-1022)

Dear Friends and Family,
Greetings to all of you! I hope that you are well and re-entering this new week filled with hope. I pray that you are prepared for another week of opportunities to express your journey of communion with God and with the people of God. I hope that this weeks Prayer update is a blessing to you.

Funding
I am planning a special fundraising event in New York City in late August for some of the last stretch of funding. I am hopeful and will continue with the planning until the funding comes through. I am going to continue with my networking meetings and with the ministry despite the funding. I just need 40 people who are willing to offer $25 a month for the ministry for me to raise the funds needed to move ahead with the ministry...Pray for distinct provision and for me to ask with diligence and faith.

Sonia's wedding (community, omelettes and chapels)
Jamie and I just returned from a trip to Philadelphia for a dear couple, Sonia and Christopher. It was amazing to see how God has formed their relationship and bringing them to an adoring ceremony. I spent the weekend with my good friend Wendy and had the chance to hang out with Eric and Ray. We spent the days in community and as we broke bread we had omellettes and engaged in conversation about youth, Christ, and church. I realized how much I love and miss them. A lot of it was an opportunity to share openly in an inclusive community where there was no pretenses but a profound identification in our love for God and for each other. I find their longing for God to be so sincere expressed in their embrace of people.

As Jamie and I drove to the wedding, we had difficulty in finding the chapel despite the signs...we drove...we backtracked...we made U-turns....and in the episode, I found that there were an allegory for me at this time in Syracuse....During my time in Syracuse, I find that I have become what Goetz defines as the ethos of suburbia is catering to "the overindulged self" in an "environment of security, efficiency, and opportunities," all of which create a faux spirituality. I have found that my faith and my journey here has been a point of complex wrestling...and I found that there is a yearning for more and settled provisionally what I feel amounts a little more than busy avoidance of a hurting community, this is what Goetz points to a "bloated, tiny soul."

I had a meeting with the pastor and he firmly affirmed my new direction and assessed that I am in an unhealthy season of my pilgrimage and that I need a distinct community and nurturing that is not explicitly available at the church...I felt my position always bound by a deep sense of being an outsider...I expressed to him that this was a very carefully thought out decision. I apologized if I was a distraction from the ministry and he gave me such acceptance and love...I am fulfilling my duties at the church for the summer and we are looking towards a new season in Syracuse. I am so relieved...and in the words of the pastor..."you no longer have to put your hand in the fire anymore unless this your calling." I will fulfill all my responsibilities for the summer for the youth ministry and also continue in my friendship with the youth workers. I have expressed my new direction and thankful for their understanding and support. I offer them my committed friendship and service to them.

Pray for a parting that is appropriate and with understanding and for our new home church to be opportunities of distinct community and particpatory ministry opportunities for Jamie and I to serve and grow.

Failure Moves me To Jesus
So as you know, I was laid off from my part-time work in Syracuse and I did some research and wanted to volunteer my time until I find another part-time job...Thanks to my Syracuse Friend Kati, she recommended that I contact the Interreligious Council's Center for New Americans.

As some of you know, I had a desire to go to Sudan for short-term missions work in 2004 but due to circumstances at my former ministry, I had to stay behind before preparing for my trip there. It has haunted me for sometime and it was not clear how this would intersect at my life again...So I had a meeting with the Executive Director and we found mutual convictions and passions for the oppressed.

This Wednesday Jamie and I may have the opportunity to welcome a Sudanese family to the United States. I may volunteer with their Employment Specialist to develop a vocational program for these communities of refugees (in particular, there was a group of teens that they would like for me to work with). I can't begin to say how much this has brought me to a place of intimacy towards God and reminds me that there is a place for me here...where this an embrace of a common passion. They expressed that there may be some paid positions available to me...Pray for this opportunity as a time for nurturing, learning and preparation...

ONEHOUSE
I am preparing for my talk on Social Justice and Mercy for the unity worship night in the Fall called ONEHOUSE. I am excited to have the privilege of serving this ministry as it moves towards beyond the sake of unity towards a focus on addressing suffering on a global scale. We are partnering with World Vision to use the evening as a launchpad for the body of Christ to engage and lay a claim on our call to address the poor and the hungry.

asian emergent skypecast
I will be participating in the Asian American Emergent Skypcast tomorrow. It is coordinated by Bruce Reyes-Chow. This will be a quarterly (every 5th Sunday) discussion on Asian American Christians and the Emergent Church Movement. I look forward to exchanging ideas and thoughts on ministry.

Speaking at Herald Gospel Camp
I was asked to be the speaker at the Herald Gospel Camp at Camp Herald for their second session at camp. I am praying to see if I could be part of the ministry that was the beginning of my calling in full-time ministry.

Marriage and Moments of Love
Pray for our marriage as we are approaching our first year of marriage, it has been a joyous time but also a time of great adjustment. There is something very beautiful in this journey with one another and when our times of such fraility we find the arms of such acceptance of our wounded self...someone who sees you with a naked trust.

Please join me in praise for my beloved friend Amy who was baptized this past Sunday. She has come home after years of pursuing and I am so moved by her friendship...her authenticity and for allowing me to be part of her story...as she shared her doubts and her wonder of God's grace.

Please pray for my friend Wendy and her new apartment which is a ministry for community and for mutual encouragement in the body of Christ. I am so amazed by her commitment to move into the community she wants to minister to...

Pray for my friend Kim who lost her dad this past week and as she is undergoing thoughts of loss that she may come to a place of peace and healing.

To Financially Support the ministry please send checks (make payable to PaLM) to:
PaLM
48-19 196th Street
Fresh Meadows, New York
11365-1316
please mark memo: Asian American Laity Ministries or Peter Ong
All donations are tax-deductible

          Summer Showoff #09        
Summer Showoff #09
Probably Woomeister's favorite Vasudan ship so far.
          Summer Showoff #08