'..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention .. Financial politicians..' (no replies)        
'..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention..'

'This Fed has already engineered the next crisis, just as Greenspan kept rates too low for too long, ignored his regulatory responsibility, and engineered the housing bubble and subprime crisis. If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention. The Trump Fed is going to have to deal with that crisis, but we still have many questions as to what a Trump Fed will actually look like or do.'

John Mauldin (Source, Jun 25, 2017)


'..Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

'Powerful people everywhere routinely make decisions that hurt others. We see it in central bankers, politicians, corporate CEOs, religious groups, universities – any large organization. The old saying is right: Power really does corrupt. And corruption is a barrier to sustainable economic growth. This is more than a political problem; it has a serious economic impact.

Recent psychological research suggests that powerful people behave remarkably like traumatic brain injury victims. Controlled experiments show that, given power over others, people often become impulsive and less sensitive to risk. Most important, test subjects often lose empathy, that is, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others.

..

Powerful people also lose a capacity called “mirroring.” When we observe other people doing something, our brains react as if we were doing the same thing. It’s why, when you watch a sporting event, you may unconsciously mimic a golf swing or the referee’s hand signals. Some portion of your brain thinks you are really there. But when researchers prime test subjects with powerful feelings, their mirroring capacity decreases.

You can see why this is a problem. The Protected-class members of the Federal Open Market Committee must feel quite powerful when they gather in that fancy room to make policy decisions. It’s no wonder they forget how their decisions will affect regular working-class people: Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

- Patrick Watson, The Wedge Goes Deeper, June 30, 2017


'..I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest..'

'Re-entering the news flow was a jolt, and not in a good way. Looking with fresh eyes at the economic numbers and central bankers’ statements convinced me that we will soon be in deep trouble. I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest. Just a few months ago, I thought we could avoid a crisis and muddle through. Now I think we’re past that point. The key decision-makers have (1) done nothing, (2) done the wrong thing, or (3) done the right thing too late.

Having realized this, I’m adjusting my research efforts. I believe a major crisis is coming. The questions now are, how severe will it be, and how will we get through it? With the election of President Trump and a Republican Congress, your naïve analyst was hopeful that we would get significant tax reform, in addition to reform of a healthcare system that is simply devastating to so many people and small businesses. I thought maybe we’d see this administration cutting through some bureaucratic red tape quickly. With such reforms in mind I was hopeful we could avoid a recession even if a crisis developed in China or Europe.

..

One news item I didn’t miss on St. Thomas – and rather wish I had – was Janet Yellen’s reassurance regarding the likelihood of another financial crisis. Here is the full quote.

Would I say there will never, ever be another financial crisis? You know probably that would be going too far, but I do think we’re much safer, and I hope that it will not be in our lifetimes and I don’t believe it will be. [emphasis added]

I disagree with almost every word in those two sentences, but my belief is less important than Chair Yellen’s. If she really believes this, then she is oblivious to major instabilities that still riddle the financial system. That’s not good.

..

Financial politicians (which is what central bankers really are) have a long history of saying the wrong things at the wrong time. Far worse, they simply fail to tell the truth. Former Eurogroup leader Jean-Claude Juncker admitted as much: “When it becomes serious, you have to lie,” he said in the throes of Europe’s 2011 debt crisis.'

- John Mauldin, Prepare for Turbulence, July 9, 2017


'..Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

'This week marks the five-year anniversary of Draghi’s “whatever it takes.” I remember the summer of 2012 as if it were yesterday. From the Bubble analysis perspective, it was a Critical Juncture – for financial markets and risk perceptions, for policy and for the global economy. Italian 10-year yields hit 6.60% on July 24, 2012. On that same day, Spain saw yields surge to 7.62%. Italian banks were in freefall, while European bank stocks (STOXX600) were rapidly approaching 2009 lows. Having risen above 55 in 2011, Deutsche Bank traded at 23.23 on July 25, 2012.

It was my view at the time that the “European” crisis posed a clear and immediate threat to the global financial system. A crisis of confidence in Italian debt (and Spanish and “periphery” debt) risked a crisis of confidence in European banks – and a loss of confidence in European finance risked dismantling the euro monetary regime.

Derivatives markets were in the crosshairs back in 2012. A crisis of confidence in European debt and the euro would surely have tested the derivatives marketplace to the limits. Moreover, with the big European banks having evolved into dominant players in derivatives trading (taking share from U.S. counterparts after the mortgage crisis), counter-party issues were at the brink of becoming a serious global market problem. It’s as well worth mentioning that European banks were major providers of finance for emerging markets.

From the global government finance Bubble perspective, Draghi’s “whatever it takes” was a seminal development. The Bernanke Fed employed QE measures during the 2008 financial crisis to accommodate deleveraging and stabilize dislocated markets. Mario Draghi leapfrogged (helicopter) Bernanke, turning to open-ended QE and other extreme measures to preserve euro monetary integration. No longer would QE be viewed as a temporary crisis management tool. And just completely disregard traditional monetary axiom that central banks should operate as lender of last resort in the event of temporary illiquidity – but must avoid propping up the insolvent. “Whatever it takes” advocates covert bailouts for whomever and whatever a small group of central bankers chooses – illiquid, insolvent, irredeemable or otherwise. Now five years after the first utterance of “whatever it takes,” the Draghi ECB is still pumping out enormous amounts of “money” on a monthly basis (buying sovereigns and corporates) with rates near zero.

..

Thinking back five years, U.S. markets at the time were incredibly complacent. The risk of crisis in Europe was downplayed: Policymakers had it all under control. Sometime later, the Financial Times - in a fascinating behind-the-scenes exposé - confirmed the gravity of the situation and how frazzled European leaders were at the brink of losing control. Yet central bankers, once again, saved the day – further solidifying their superhero status.

I’m convinced five years of “whatever it takes” took the global government finance Bubble deeper into perilous uncharted territory. Certainly, markets are more complacent than ever, believing central bankers are fully committed to prolonging indefinitely the securities bull market. Meanwhile, leverage, speculative excess and trend-following flows have had an additional five years to accumulate. Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

- Doug Noland, Five Years of Whatever It Takes, July 29, 2017


'..This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.'

'While I've written about numerous valuation measures over time, the most reliable ones share a common feature: they focus on identifying "sufficient statistics" for the very, very long-term stream of cash flows that stocks can be expected to deliver into the hands of investors over time. On that front, revenues are typically more robust "sufficient statistics" than current or year-ahead earnings. See Exhaustion Gaps and the Fear of Missing Out for a table showing the relative reliability of a variety of measures. In April 2007, I estimated that an appropriate valuation for the S&P 500 stood about 850, roughly -40% lower than prevailing levels. By the October peak, the prospective market loss to normal valuation had increased to about -46%. As it happened, the subsequent collapse of the housing bubble took the S&P 500 about -55% lower. In late-October 2008, as the market plunge crossed below historically reliable valuation norms, I observed that the S&P 500 had become undervalued on our measures.

Again attempting to “stimulate” the economy from the recession that followed, the Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to zero in recent years, provoking yet another episode of yield-seeking speculation, where yield-starved investors created demand for virtually every class of securities, in the hope of achieving returns in excess of zero. Meanwhile, Wall Street, suffering from what J.K. Galbraith once called the “extreme brevity of the financial memory,” convinced itself yet again that the whole episode was built on something more solid than quotes on a screen and blotches of ink on paper..

..

..greater real economic activity was never the likely outcome of all this quantitative easing (indeed, one can show that the path of the economy since the crisis has not been materially different than what one could have projected using wholly non-monetary variables). Rather, Ben Bernanke, in his self-appointed role as Mad Hatter, was convinced that offensively hypervalued financial markets - that encourage the speculative misallocation of capital, imply dismal expected future returns, and create temporary paper profits that ultimately collapse - somehow represent a greater and more desirable form of “wealth” compared with reasonably-valued financial markets that offer attractive expected returns and help to soundly allocate capital. Believing that wealth is embodied by the price of a security rather than its future stream of cash flows, QE has created a world of hypervaluation, zero prospective future returns, and massive downside risks across nearly every conventional asset class.

And so, the Fed created such an enormous pool of zero interest bank reserves that investors would feel pressure to chase stocks, junk debt, anything to get rid of these yield-free hot potatoes. That didn’t stimulate more real, productive investment; it just created more investors who were frustrated with zero returns, because someone had to hold that base money, and in aggregate, all of them had to hold over $4 trillion of the stuff at every moment in time.

When you look objectively at what the Fed actually did, should be obvious how its actions encouraged this bubble. Every time someone would get rid of zero-interest base money by buying a riskier security, the seller would get the base money, and the cycle would continue until every asset was priced to deliver future returns near zero. We’re now at the point where junk yields are among the lowest in history, stock market valuations are so extreme that we estimate zero or negative S&P 500 average annual nominal total returns over the coming 10-12 year horizon, and our estimate of 12-year prospective total returns on a conventional mix of 60% stocks, 30% Treasury bonds, and 10% Treasury bills has never been lower (about 1% annually here). This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.

Examine all risk exposures, consider your investment horizon and risk-tolerance carefully, commit to the flexibility toward greater market exposure at points where a material retreat in valuations is joined by early improvement in market action (even if the news happens to be very negative at that point), fasten your protective gear, and expect a little bit of whiplash. Remember that the “catalysts” often become evident after prices move, not before. The completion of this market cycle may or may not be immediate, but with the median stock at easily the most extreme price/revenue ratio in history, and a run-of-the-mill outcome now being market loss on the order of -60%, the contrast between recent stability and likely future volatility could hardly be more striking.'

- John P. Hussman, Ph.D., Hot Potatoes and Dutch Tulips, July 31, 2017


Context

(2017) - '..a deeply systemic debt crisis akin to the aftermath of 1929 .. the stage has now been set..'

(Banking Reform - Monetary Reform) - '..debt is our biggest security threat..'

'..the Next 30 Years: “Everything is Deflationary”..'

          Pictures of the Week: July 5 – July 12        
Reblogged from LightBox: From violent protests in Egypt and the start of the holy month of Ramadan to a driverless oil-tanker train explosion in Quebec and the running of the bulls in Spain, TIME presents the best pictures of the week. Whoa.
          Force India plans major upgrades        
Force India is planning on introducing major upgrades to its car in both Bahrain and Spain following successful trials in Formula 1 pre-season testing
          European Football Podcast - Episode 117: 12th May        
Sam Norris is joined by Alex Dunn on this edition of the European Football Podcast. The pair preview three games this weekend across Spain, Italy and France and Alex provides you with his nap of the weekend. #betting #EuropeanPodcast #football
          European Football Podcast - Episode 115: 28th April        
Sam Norris offers his thoughts ahead of three of the biggest games in Europe this week. He analyses one match in Germany, one in Italy and one in Spain. #EuropeanFootball #podcast #betting
          European Football Podcast - Episode 101: 5th January        
Alex and Sam are back to offer their best bets in Spain and Italy this weekend.
          Listen. England v Spain preview        
Mark Walton and Thom Kirwin preview Tuesday evening's international friendly between England and Spain.
          The Punt: Monday 14 November        
Mark Walton stands in for Dave Kelner, and is joined by Thom Kirwin to offer their best bets for England v Spain and Northern Ireland v Croatia on Tuesday evening. Enjoy. http://serve.williamhill.com/promoRedirect?member=audiobooUK&campaign=DEFAULT&channel=will_football&zone=1478396557&lp=1478422550
          Euros Punt Podcast: 27th June        
Monday's games see Italy take on the holders Spain while England face Iceland. On this edition, Derek McGovern, Karl Matchett and David Swan join Michael Wood to preview both matches. Enjoy.
          The Punt: Euros Podcast 17th June        
On this edition of the Euros Punt Podcast, Michael Wood spins through the betting for Friday's action. He looks at Italy against Sweden and Croatia against the Czech Republic. Football experts Karl Matchett and Emre Sarigul also give their thoughts on Spain against Turkey. Listen now for information on all six nations playing on day eight. #ThePunt #betting #football #Euro2016
          The Euros - Group D Preview        
Reigning champions Spain have been drawn in Group D alongside Croatia, Czech Republic and Turkey. Dave Kelner and Pete O'Rourke preview this group and bring you their best bets here. Enjoy.
          European Football Podcast - Episode 85: Thu 19 May        
Dave Kelner and Sam Norris are with you to preview a host of Cup Finals on the continent this weekend. The chaps look at the action in Italy, Germany, Spain, Portugal and France and come up with their best bets, #DFBCup #CoppaItalia #CopaDelRey #CoupdeFrance
          European Football Podcast - Episode 80: 14th April        
Sam Norris and Alex Dunn are with you to preview a pivotal weekend in Spain.
                  



Honeymoon Destination

Salam.. haha, org tgh mood exam, kite mood nk kawen pulak dah. :p Smue org ade impian masing2... Nia pn berhak berangan . Haha. emm, so let me share with u my honeymoon destination. Ada dua option. Pergi salah satu pun dh puas hati. Weeeeeeee. To my future husband,.. nk kawin tu, poket kasi tebal sikit ye. Hahaha.. jgn cuak dulu. Okay2 jom berhoneymooooon......



KOREA -JEJU ISLAND 

:)

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Comel kan dua org nie... huk huk. I love them both. :)

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Anyong hae sayo~~~~Jeju Island! hoyeah...Klau slalu tgk cite korea, Jeju island nie mmg destinasi yg sgt famous. Hmm, agak mahal nk pergi cnie. Ye lah tmpt cntik kan. Tapi tk pe, tk lah semahal nk pegi UK. Nk tgk keindahan pulau nie, aaa...u have no idea how much i love beaches! Seronoknye laa.. nk pegi nk pegi nk pegi!



SPAIN :)

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Romantik dn cantik! i loikee~~~


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Hola Spain! Sbenarnye sblum berangan nk pegi Korea dlu, ingt nk pegi Spain. But since i heard that the cost is tooooo expensive,so kurang sket lah harapan tu. Melainkan bakal suami tu dh jutawan mase tu bolehlah nk belanja nia pegi spain. Haha...mcm mustahil pulak ade duit byk2. :p Tk pe2, talking bout Spain...nia nk pergi  sini sbb nia suke sgt bahasa diorg. :) Dlm proses belajar bahasa Spanish dn Korean skrng. Tp progress nye tk brape smooth lg. Busy kan org exam. :p tp update blog smpt je. Haha.





ADVICE FOR TODAY: Bahagiakanlah isterimu dengan membawanye honeymoon ke tmpt yg dia nak! Haha.. sorry, gile2 sikit hari nie. :p 





          $10,000 REWARD: Missing Person / Cold Case via Integrated Security Services @GoIntegrated         



  • Integrated Facebook page


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  • Integrated website


  • FLASHBACK: Video - Widow Pressed for Answers 42 years ago


  • Brief highlights of Caporino case:

    Excerpts from

  • more COOL JUSTICE

  • Chapter 4

    *

    Did Gabe Caporino just disappear or were hidden forces at play? AT

    *

    Gabe Caporino, a 40-year-old corporate executive from Westchester, NY, never returned to his wife and two teenage daughters after a business trip in 1974. The night he disappeared, Gabe Caporino spoke with his wife and daughters, asking about a school parents' night and confirming a dinner date with friends for the weekend.

    *

    There isn’t much of a trail for Gabe Caporino, but we know a good bit of what police did and did not do in the crucial days following his disappearance on Thursday, March 7, 1974. We also know some of what his employer, the General Foods corporation, did and did not do.

    *

    Under pressure from Gabe Caporino’s wife, Grace, now a retired teacher and recognized Holocaust scholar, General Foods sent a team to New Orleans over the weekend. One of them, Bill Bevans of the personnel department, snatched Gabe Caporino’s briefcase from his hotel room. The other GF team members were security director Jack Edward Ison, who had been an FBI agent for nine years; and White Plains, NY police detective James Lynch.

    “Our chief of security Jack Ison will ... take over this investigation,” GF personnel director Frank Dorito told Grace Caporino.

    Indeed, he did.

    On Sunday, March 10, 1974, Ison and his colleagues met privately with New Orleans police, barring members of the Caporino family. This crucial meeting presaged, if it did not predestine, the shocking and abysmal refusal of the New Orleans Police Department to follow up on basic and compelling leads, including the forgery of Gabe Caporino's credit card four days after he was reported missing. This forgery was ultimately documented by the FBI crime lab. Significantly, a Sears employee who witnessed three individuals using Gabe’s credit card recanted after a visit by New Orleans police ...

    ... Officer Roma Kent, who went on to work as a federal public defender, got the clerk to change his story ...

    *

    CBS producer Barbara Gordon, on assignment in 1974, put it this way: “The New Orleans Police Department is holding hands with General Foods and there is a cover-up down here.”

    The Gabe Caporino case was the subject of a CBS documentary produced by Gordon and reported by Chris Borgen, a retired New York City narcotics detective. The program aired beginning in May 1974 on the show Eye On New York. It was rebroadcast in New York and several times throughout the country on local affiliates – but not in New Orleans.

    As the air date neared, Borgen told Grace Caporino the reporting team received threats that GF might pull advertising from CBS. Borgen recounted the phone call from a GF public relations staffer: “This documentary is not in our best interests. We have a significant advertising budget with CBS.”

    *



    New Orleans police ... reported the discovery of Gabe Caporino’s rental car in a way that could not have occurred.

    His rented car was found abandoned about 10 days later in front of a school by Spain and [N.]Ramparts streets with the keys stuck outside the vehicle in the door lock. Police officers told me a car in this location with the keys outside the vehicle might have lasted there up to an hour. Additionally, any fingerprints left in or on the car were wiped off.

    “It is certainly not the kind of place where a new car would sit for a week with the keys in the door,” said Gabe Caporino’s nephew Anthony Emma, who made two trips to New Orleans in 1974. “Certainly not the kind of place a new car would sit even locked up without being disturbed for a week ... I always found that hard to believe.”



    *

    As time went on and the Caporino family struggled to survive, General Foods appealed the awarding of benefits to the widow and children multiple times. At one of the hearings, Jack Edward Ison admitted he was the source of the smears about Gabe Caporino in law enforcement files.

    A hearing officer asked Ison: “How do you know this about Mr. Caporino?”

    “Just things you hear people say,” Ison responded. He was not pressed to elaborate.

    In a particularly disturbing incident on March 16, 1974 – the day that would have been Gabe Caporino’s 41st birthday – family, friends and neighbors gathered at the home in Yorktown Heights. Ison called Grace Caporino. She told Ison family and friends did not want her to be alone on that day. Ison paused and said: “Well, if Gabe has any heart, surely he'll call you on his birthday. Bye, I’ve got to go.”

    *

    October, 2011. NEW ORLEANS, LA – Thirty seven years ago – with several police officers crowding her – Grace Caporino briefly touched and read a number of pages in a 3-inch-high stack of reports about her missing husband. After a few minutes, they forced her to leave. Today, the New Orleans Police Department still doesn’t want to know or hear anything about the Gabe Caporino case – or the reports ... *

    The current New Orleans police superintendent, Ronal Serpas, ignored two certified letters she sent him last year ...

    The New Orleans Police Department – notorious as perhaps the most corrupt and incompetent in U.S. history – has routinely engaged in public executions of civilians. The coroner tends to call these homicides slips and falls or accidents, even when someone’s face and teeth are kicked in and various body parts have hemorrhaged. Officers have worked as cocaine dealers on the job, hired hitmen to kill civilians, stolen from car dealers and held up liquor stores in uniform. Officers have been heard on police scanners saying: “Is he dead yet? No. Kill him now. String him up by the balls.”

    A short list of recent convictions includes two officers who beat and kicked a local man to death, then covered it up. In the infamous Danzgier bridge trial, also this year, five current and former officers were found guilty of shooting six civilians – killing two of them – and covering it up. Those local citizens were walking to a grocery store.

    Civilians filming police assaulting civilians are routinely charged with inciting a riot. After police shot and killed unarmed trombone player Joe Williams, returning from a jazz funeral in 2004, officers broke up a memorial service for the popular member of the Hot 8 Brass Band. Local attorney Mary Howell told the PBS show Frontline police advised her that “merely having a video camera or camera in a situation like this where the police are interacting with the community was considered to be inciting a riot.”

    After Hurricane Kartina, the National Rifle Associaton sued New Orleans Police for stripping law-abiding citizens of their ability to defend themselves. “They just stole people’s guns and weapons,” Howell said.

    The unofficial body count from Hurriance Katrina is upwards of 1,500. “We do not have a clear understanding of how many people were shot and killed by the New Orleans Police Department,” Howell told Frontline.

    Of course, there are also many officers who keep their oath to protect and serve no matter what the risk from criminals and buffoons in the streets or among their ranks and supervisors ...

    *

    August, 2012

    ... the New Orleans Police Department actually admitted it had failed to comply with the Louisiana public records law. This happened through a series of depositions of detectives and other personnel [in a Freedom of Information lawsuit in Parish Court] ... “Nobody has gone digging through those files specifically looking for a file relative to the disappearance of Gabe Caporino, have they?” The question was posed by ... attorney, Brett Prendergast.

    “No, sir,” Detective Gwen Guggenheim responded.

    ... A supervised search of the NOPD “storage area” [revealed the following from] ... a dimly-lit and musty room on the second floor by the NOPD parking garage.

    Most of the boxes of files were covered with layers of grime and old insulation. He had to move evidence including sections of a chain-link fence to get at the boxes.

    The files dated from 1890 to the present. Besides homicide cases, there were also files for juvenile offenses and sex crimes.

    There was not a single missing persons file in storage ...

    ... As recently as 1995, then-Police Superintendent Richard Pennington had a detective review the Caporino case and all the reports and documents. Now, the official word is, the file does not exist – just as missing persons don't officially exist ...

    *

    Retired General Foods investigator Emil Monda, reached ... on the West Coast, said about the Caporino case: “We always thought there was foul play, but never came up with anything.”

    Monda said he did not know why the New Orleans Police failed to follow leads including the forgery of Caporino’s credit card ...


              K E L O I D II        
    Keloid II has been released! Those insane talents at BLR VFX in Spain have done it again, check it out:

    KELOID II

    Greg Broadmore and I were fortunate enough to collaborate with JJ and his team, and produce some new designs for the short. Here's some of my work:


    BLR wanted a large mech unit with a human pilot, and I wanted to design something a little different with such a fun but familiar brief. With other autonomous robots running around it didn't make sense to have the pilot sitting in a traditional cockpit or controlling the mech with their limb movement. So I put the pilot in a low slung tank, where they would be ensconced in inflatable padding, and controlling the unit through a neural interface and display screens. This would allow super fast entry and egress for the pilot, and would look pretty creepy too.

    Of course that means the pilot isn't strictly necessary so the pilot tank could be swapped out for a big ass ammo tank for a big ass gun.
    BLR were also after a larger version of the original Keloid robot, and a human soldier with exo-skeletal gear and armour.

    Here are some renders of the final models, and some screen grabs from the video:





              The "Green" Jobs Canard        

    For too long, politicians, environmentalists and subsidized proponents of “green” jobs have been peddling the notions that “investing” in green technologies is the illuminating endeavor and beneficent job creator of our time.  With scant evidence, these green jobs postulates are bulwarked by so much hot air it rivals the amount of subsidized dollars used to sustain them.

    The main dilemma of green jobs and investing is that they defy the reality of basic economics.  Jobs are created by entrepreneurs willing to invest in capital, coupled with demand for their goods and services.  The economic environment fostered by government (taxes, regulations, etc.) plays an immensely important role as well.

    The experience in Europe with investment in greed jobs sheds a glaring light on the fallacious nature of the purported success of these initiatives.   In Spain, which has a 20.4 percent unemployment rate, every green job created destroyed an additional 2.2 regular jobs. In addition, every “green” megawatt created destroys 5.28 jobs in the rest of the economy.  Aggregately, these green jobs programs killed 110,500 elsewhere in the economy.

    The amount of money invested in these programs is exorbitantly costly when compared with private sector job creation.  In Italy, the amount of capital invested in the creation of 1 green job was equivalent to the amount of capital invested to create 5 jobs in the rest of the economy.

    The reason these programs are such colossal failures, is that government subsidies to inefficient and unsustainable green initiatives divert resources from other productive sectors of the economy and result in the loss of jobs.  Price-controls and central planning have long been considered an abject failure, why do we believe that these policies are any more palatable in the energy sector of our economy?

    The reason these economically suicidal green job schemes continue to seem viable is that somehow they represent drastically new technology and innovation.  It’s like a burgeoning plant, just give it a little water and it will rapidly expand, right?

    Wrong.  These propositions elucidate an inherent myopia within the green jobs cheerleaders.  The truth is that the wind-powered electricity was commercialized in 1881 and solar power received its first patent in 1892.  Mean ugly coal-fired electricity was commercialized in 1882.  

    The house that contains the green jobs myth has been set ablaze.  Do we want the dubious distinction of running in?


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              On Sale Moda Fandango Kate Spain Layer Cake NEW by TheKnottedBobbin        

    Sold



    This is a really pretty line by Kate Spain. There are florals, strips, prints, florals and alot of great colors! Rich aquas, browns, reds and yellows are set off by a creamy background.


    Kate Spain creates a beautiful line of Spanish inspired prints for Moda. The patterns share a distinct pottery or tile feel. Continuing that influence, the colors have weathered dustiness akin to earthen ware, pottery, or tile. Let your creativity flow with this unique collection by Moda.

    Contents: 42 10"x10" quilt fabric squares, cut, with pinked edges, and packaged by Moda
    Please note: There are duplicates of some of the fabric squares to make 42.
    Colors: berry red, summer sky blue, brick, ivory
    Fabric line/collection: Fandango
    Designer: Kate Spain
    Manufacturer: Moda
    Please note: These are NOT flannel or brushed cotton.
    100% cotton, quilt shop quality fabrics from my smoke free, pet free home



    How to slice a layer cake:
    1. Cut 5” x 5” to yield 4 4 ½” x 4 ½” finished squares.
    2. Cut twice diagonally to yield 4 8 ½” quarter square finished triangles (trim ¼”)
    3. Cut 5” x 5” to yield 2 4 ½” x 4 ½” finished squares and 2 ½” x 2 ½” for 8 2” x 2” finished squares.
    4. Cut 5” x 5” and cut once diagonally to yield 8 4” finished half square triangles.
    5. Cut 3” x 3” to yield 9 2 ½” x 2 ½” finished squares. (trim 1”)
    6. Cut 2” x 10” to yield 5 1 ½” x 9 ½” finished strips.
    7. Cut once-diagonally to yield 2 9” finished half square triangles.
    8. 4 4” x 4” finished circles.


              Westinghouse to Provide Significant Engineering Services for Centralized Waste Storage Facility in Spain        

    Westinghouse Electric Company today announced that it has received a multi-million dollar contract from Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radiactivos, the Spanish agency responsible for radioactive waste management and nuclear plant decommissioning, to provide the main engineering services for the centralized high-level waste and spent fuel interim storage facility, Almacén Temporal Centralizado, in Spain.

    (PRWeb October 01, 2013)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/10/prweb11182044.htm


              Westinghouse Contracted to Segment Spain’s José Cabrera Nuclear Reactor Vessel        

    Westinghouse Electric Company has been awarded a contract by Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radiactivos (ENRESA), the Spanish agency responsible for radioactive waste management and nuclear plant decommissioning, to segment the reactor vessel head and reactor vessel at the José Cabrera Nuclear Power Station.

    (PRWeb September 12, 2013)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/9/prweb11116107.htm


              Coming soon to a mobile phone dealer near you?        

    Next week the Mobile World Congress 2008 will start in Barcelona, Spain. This event, formerly known as 3GSM World Congress, is a combination of the world’s largest exhibition for the mobile industry and a congress featuring CEO’s representing mobile operators, vendors and content owners from across the world. At this event, traditionally many new mobile
    + Read More

    The post Coming soon to a mobile phone dealer near you? appeared first on the web log of Evert.


              The Art of Lovin' Animals --- Featured Group of Artists Inspired by Their Beloved Pets.        
    "Enilde And Our Children" Oil on Panel 42" x 60"
    Painting by Luke Van Hook, 2003
    Painting and Photograph copyright by Luke and Ginger E. Van Hook, 2004
    Courtesy of the Van Hook Collection

    The Art of Lovin' Animals
    Features a group of artists inspired,
    motivated or influenced by their beloved pets
    and appear in this blog in the following order:

    Joshua Elias, Simone Gad, Betty Glass, David Newsom,
    Monrovia Association of Fine Arts supporters
    (KidsArt Studio, PaintNPlay Art Studios, Tyson & Tillman Skate Dogs)
    Family Dog and Cat Hospital in Monrovia, California (displays animal artwork).
    Ginger Van Hook, Luke Van Hook,
    Alex in Welderland, Elena Wolek, and Zareh.

    Additionally as part of the "Art of Lovin' Animals"
    there is a special book and movie review of
    John Grogan's book "Marley and Me", and the recent hit movie
    starring Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson


    Written by Enilde G. Van Hook with special thanks to all participating artists!


    Do you remember your first pet? I do. I even have a picture of how much bigger my cats’ paws were than my two feet put together at the age of three. My mother, tells me I had a yellow duck, a small dog and a large yellow tabby cat that owned me as a child.
    These three pets were protective, possessive and they were my first companions as I ventured out, for the first time, into my wild back yard of dirt and weeds. I was born in Rosario Argentina and to me now as an adult, my backyard is still my world. I live in Los Angeles, California but the romance of the Argentinean Pampas is not lost on me. From the pictures of my past, I gathered that my Belgian Grandfather, Francisco, ran a plant nursery in Buenos Aires and that my father, Luis, grew up to be an inventor in America. But the most unique connection I have to my past is my relationship with animals. I’ve had a pet at almost every age as I grew up. The importance of this type of companionship has not been explored enough in the art world, at least, this is my opinion. This is the reason I am blogging about the subject of the art and inspiration of lovin’ pets. I hope to instigate discussion, if not compassion. I hope to motivate an artistic response to my thoughts as well. You may have a completely different experience, so I personally encourage you to post your comments after you read this entry.
    This is what I asked myself for the subject of the essay for Ginger's Art Journal. What is the relationship of animals and pets to the art world? How involved are animals throughout the art strata? How much inspiration is gathered from the love of a pet? Can that even be measured? Does the love of a pet inspire political causes? Activism? How does one explain the pangs of loneliness from the loss of a pet? Does the death of a pet make an artist create more art? Does the gift of a new life of a pet inspire hope and renewal in artists? How do artists express their love and affection for the four-legged critters of our earth? How do animals, pets, pet trees, pet rocks or pets of any kind affect the process of making art?
    There are a number of artists that I have followed for a period of time to investigate the questions that will make up this entry. Studying the work of a number of local artists from the Los Angeles and surrounding areas that work with pets in their art practice, I will present some of their unique stories with photos. The artists, in alphabetical order, include Joshua Elias, Simone Gad, Betty Glass, David Newsom, Ginger Van Hook and Luke Van Hook, Alexandra from Alex in Welderland, Lena Wolek and Zareh. Additionally, the art of lovin’ animals has made a seamless transition from the literary art into the film arts so I will discuss one of my favorite books by John Grogan named “Marley and Me” as it compares to its latest movie version of “Marley and Me” starring Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson which opened in December for Christmas Day.
    The method selected to choose these artists was random. I began my animal photographic study in 2006. Through my daily practice of studying the arts, I have come across people who were “in my back yard” and came to connect with me in a special way. I didn’t set out to write a story about animals. I merely went about my daily routine of photographing people and artwork that caught my “eye” because I was at the right place at the right time. Believing that the universe has a special plan for me, I allowed this story to evolve of its own volition. What I discovered both surprised me and opened me up. What I mean by this is that I was surprised to discover that artists who had pets had a great deal in common with other artists who had pets. Most people know and understand the history that reveals how the Egyptians revered cats and how the dog is considered “man’s best friend”. While it was common to have general conversations about how great it was to have pets and create pet portraits, I rarely came across artists that spoke to the deeper underlying significance in the arts about this specifically. While doing this research, I came across the most extreme case of worshiping our pets. The act of cloning has been in the news ever since the cloning of “Dolly” the sheep, but did you know that now there is a company that has launched itself into a commercial venture to clone man’s best friend? I discovered this and lots more so enjoy the new year in 2009 with a renewed commitment to your beloved pet. This is an ongoing story so don’t feel left out if your best friend isn’t included in this entry. I’m still reviewing artwork and pet portraits,
    feel free to send me an email about your animal story and I’ll include it in the followup stories!

    *********************************************************************************

    JOSHUA ELIAS
    Fine Arts Painter

    Joshua Elias, Exhibition, DCA Fine Arts
    Santa Monica, California
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2007
    Winston and Lucille read art literature on the couch and
    wait for Joshua Elias to become inspired to feed them.
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008
    Paintings by Joshua Elias
    Art in the making at the Brewery Artist Colony
    Los Angeles, California, 2008
    Studio visit by Ginger Van Hook
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook
    Artist brushes belonging to Joshua Elias
    The instruments by which Joshua Elias creates the canvas of weather and inspiration.
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008
    DCA Fine Arts Gallery, Joshua Elias with Mathew Heller and his girlfriend
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook 2007
    Joshua Elias, Exhibition at DCA Fine Arts Gallery
    Santa Monica, California
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2007
    Joshua Elias with his cats Winston and Lucille
    in his studio at the Brewery Arts Complex in Los Angeles, California
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008

    Joshua Elias
    Artist Statement

    Art has become about large quantities of Resin, masquerading as Content. The focus has been on Process, confusing it with Content. Enough. I wish to focus on Content. Story and Vibration lead the way for me to paint.

    I work in oil because of the depth and movement that it allows for me, as a medium. I focus on Landscapes that are rearranged. Traveling spirits act as guides, to the movement of a particular painting. The influence of Moorish architecture and its many doorways offers and allows entryways into paintings.

    At present we are in a period of Time where there seems to be long standing fights over Space, Time Religion, Money, Ideology, and Relationships. Enough. The one thing we do all share is Weather. Through the action of Creating our own environment, our own personal Weather, the Repositioning of Weather can illuminate and allow for more Creation to happen, more of a Life Force to shine and to take shape.

    ï¿_ Joshua Elias

    Courtesy of the DCA website
    *************************************************************************************************************************



    SIMONE GAD
    Fine Arts Painter, Collage Artist, Actor and Performer
    Simone Gad, Artist, Solo Show, L2Kontemporary Gallery
    February 2008 Chinatown, Los Angeles, California,
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008


    Selfportrait with Max and Bella/Autoportrait avec Max et Bella
    Private collection, photo courtesy of Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005
    Gad/Rin-Tin-Tin Collection Long Beach Museum of Art
    Courtesy Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005


    Picture Holocaust Clowns - Pinups 127, Gad and Poodle
    Courtesy Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005

    Selfportrait with Cat and Jesus
    Private collection, Courtesy of Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005

    Hommage a Ma Mere 2005 Painting Collage
    Copyright and Collection- Simone Gad
    Courtesy Simone Gad-Artist
    Photograph by Antonio Garcia





    Autoportrait avec Kashmir, painting collage 2005/06
    Courtesy Simone Gad- Artist and L2Kontemporary Gallery
    Chinatown, Los Angeles, California. Copyright Simone Gad


    Portrait of Bella, the Brindle cat, acting secretary for Artist, Simone Gad
    Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008



    Bella the Brindle Cat, (on the Marilyn and JFK Installation)
    Photo copyright and courtesy of
    Jesse Bonderman and Simone Gad,

    Bella, the Brindle Cat #2 (Marilyn Installation)
    Photo courtesy of Jessie Bonderman and Simone Gad


    Portrait of Simone Gad, Artist with companion, Bella.
    Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

    Portrait of Bella
    The Brindle cat, Artist assistant, model
    and loyal companion to Simone Gad.
    Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

    Max and Bella pose for pictures in the window of Simone Gad's artist studio
    Los Angeles, California
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

    Simone Gad poses with one of her paintings of Chinatown
    during her solo show at L2Kontemporary Gallery
    Chinatown, Los Angeles, California
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008



    Enilde Van Hook writer's notes: I met Simone Gad at an exhibition of her work in Chinatown in the spring of 2008. The L2Kontemporary Gallery is a unique gallery located at 990 N. Hill Street #205 in Downtown Los Angeles (90012), California. I received an email from ArtScene, a wonderful source of local Art Events that is produced by the staff of Coagula Art Journal. Special thanks to Michael Salerno and Mat Gleason, because somewhere in the announcement, I read that Simone Gad was a Belgium-born artist and this led me to want to meet her to talk about the art in Belgium, where my grandfather had been born. Once I attended her exhibit and got a chance to meet Simone, I realized there was a distinct cultural connection we had through our reverence to the animals. She used images of her cats to make intriguing and poignant self-portraits and insightful photographic collages.
    I have followed Simone Gad’s work into 2009 and you will enjoy visiting her site through the L2Kontemporary Gallery located in Chinatown in Los Angeles: Follow these links to get to know a renaissance artist, a versatile film and TV actress, a woman of many talents and an artist who has a great deal of compassion to show for her animal friends: visit the online gallery site at http://www.l2kontemporary.com to view her solo show at L2k for Feb 08 plus her updated resume which may be viewed at saatchigallery.org by writing in her name or wooloo.org by writing in Simone Gad’s name.
    Special thanks to the L2Kontemporary Gallery for cooperating with my interview! (www.L2Kontemporary.com and L2Kontemporary@sbcglobal.net and phone: 323-225-1288)

    Simone Gad
    Artist Statement and Biography: 2009

    I've been showing in museums and galleries for 40 years-am a 6 times grants recipient, including a CRA Grant 1986, the Woman's Building 1985/6, New Orleans Contemporary Museum of Art 1984, the Gottlieb Foundation-NYC/Painting Medical Emergency Grant, Change Inc-Robert Rauschenberg Foundation Grant-both in 2002 for painting and medical emergency, and Artist Fellowship Foundation Grant in 2007-NYC. I am included in the Archives of the National Portrait Gallery/Smithsonian-Washington, DC, and will also be included in the Lyn Kienholz Encyclopedia of Los Angeles Artists who have shown between 1944 and 1979. In Los Angeles, I am represented by L2kontemporary Gallery-Chinatown, Jack Fischer Gallery in San Francisco, and am showing in Spain. I am also in the traveling museum exhibition-Your Documents Please thru 2010 in Japan/Europe/Mexico curated by Daniel Georges of Brooklyn, NY. I was born in Brussels, Belgium to holocaust survivor parents, from Poland. We came to the US in the early 1950's and settled in Boyle Heights/E.L.A, after arriving at Ellis Island. My mother got me into show-biz at the age of 4 upon our immigration. I grew up in the entertainment field as a young actress-have been working professionally in film, tv, commercials and theatre ever since. Have always had a dual career-.visual/performance artist and actor. George Herms and Wallace Berman were my first mentors. Al Hansen was my mentor from 1972 to 1995 when he passed away in Koln, Germany.

    My cats Max and Bella Bettina Kashmir are my inspiration for many of my painting collages-have been so for many years. I've always been inspired by my cats and dogs that I've had since I arrived to this country from War torn Europe. My father got me my first dog-Teddy Queeny when I was a child living on Folsom Street-We had just returned from a movie on Brooklyn Avenue when we saw the puppies on our way home. I was allowed to have one-and I was so happy. But my mother hated animals and wouldn't let me keep my pet with me in my bedroom and it cried all night. I was heartbroken when I got home from Nursery School the following day and found that my dog was gone. My mom told me she had sent it to New Jersey to live with my Tante Sally. I wasn't allowed to have any animals after that. Years later I visited my aunt and asked her if she had taken care of my Teddy Queeny and she told me she never did-she never got the dog-didn't know what I was talking about. I realized that my mother had lied to me and had possibly killed my beloved doggie. I had moved to Topanga Canyon for a while in the late 1960's-that's where I got to know Wallace Berman and George Herms. I was given a miniature sheppard-who I named Lady. She was my constant companion and I adored her. She was run over by a couple of friends who were staying with me one night. I found her bleeding from her mouth by the driveway. She died in my arms and I could feel her spirit leave her body. We buried her the next morning. I was devastated for years. A friend of mine gave me a dash-hound and I took it home to be with me when I left Topanga and stayed with my parents for a while. I named her Wiggle Butts because she had this habit of wiggling her behind when she walked. I was not allowed to keep her-once again-so I called a friend and had her drive from The Canyon to pick Wiggles up and take care of her for me. When I left my parents and got an apartment, I got a cat-Nathaniel-my very first cat-who was with me for 15 years until he passed away. It was then that I started to incorporate animal objects into my collages-in the mid 1970's.

    copyright Simone Gad 2009

    http://www.l2kontemporary.com to view Simone Gad’s solo show at L2k for Feb 08 plus her updated resume-you may also get it on saatchigallery.org by writing in her name or wooloo.org by writing in Simone Gad’s name-

    ************************************************************************************


    BETTY GLASS

    Focus One Gallery in Monrovia, California. Sponsored by M.A.F.A.,
    the Monrovia Association of Fine Arts and Focus One Community Credit Union.
    Photo by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2006

    Betty Glass celebrates Christmas with Lulu at home in 2008.
    Lulu, wearing her new holiday sweater,
    pokes her nose into the gift bag
    to see if she likes what Santa has brought her.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty Glass and James Glass.
    Turtle Painting, Watercolor Artwork by Betty Glass reminiscent of her pet turtles.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.
    Trojan Horses, Watercolor painting by Artist, Betty Glass
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.
    Hummy, Watercolor Painting by Artist, Betty Glass.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.

    Yankee and Sugar, Watercolor Painting by Artist, Betty Glass
    memorializing the life of her beloved friends.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.

    Yankee (5-17-80 --- 4-20-94)
    the larger white and orange Brittany on the right,
    and Sugar (7-20-90 --- 12-24-04)
    the smaller Brittany on the left.
    "Beloved Friends and Forever in our hearts!"
    Loyal Friends, Inspiration and Companions
    to Artist, Betty Glass and her family.
    (Special thanks to husband, James Glass
    for his technical computer assistance
    with digital photography formating of Betty Glass Artwork.)
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass


    Enilde Van Hook, Writer's Notes:
    I met Betty Glass through the Monrovia Association of Fine arts in 2006. We were showing together at the Focus One Gallery on Huntington Drive in Monrovia, California. When Betty came into the gallery, she was toting her adorable poodle named Lulu. I was charmed immediately and I just had to have a photo of this beautiful female pooch with a twinkle in her eye and the gumption to come into an art gallery where only humans gathered. This little poodle had no clue there was any difference between her and her owner, and she acted like she was looking at the art just like everyone else. At the time, I considered this a very cultured poodle and I told Betty so. Betty giggled and let me take her snapshot with Lulu and then we did not see each other again until we had another show together, also at Focus One Gallery two years later in December of 2008. When I saw Betty this time, I saw the connection of her artwork and the love of her animals come through her work and later, she agreed to participate in the interview for my blog. You may enjoy Betty Glass's artwork by visiting her website at www.bhglassart.com

    Betty H. Glass
    Artist Statement about Animal Art

    Through art we communicate our feelings and thoughts.
    Our art reflects what experiences in life have influenced us.
    I have had a lifetime of pets
    ranging from goldfish, parakeets, and turtles and, of course,
    the loyal dog—always your friend even when the sky seems to be falling.
    I am still sketching and painting animals, birds, and fish.
    The softness of their fur, the texture of their feathers and fins,
    the variations of color are very appealing to me,
    because color is part of my artistic signature.
    Sometimes they are presented in a realistic fashion.

    Other times I use animals in a more stylized way—
    using their shapes as patterns, semi-abstracting them and their background.
    For example, my painting Trojan Horses shows flattened stylized figures of horses.
    Hopefully artistically pleasing and calling to mind ancient Greece.

    Samsung announces the Galaxy Tab S3 and the Galaxy Book at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain.

    Host: Leo Laporte

    Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/twit-live-specials.

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              Ignacio de Balderes        
    Ignacio de Balderes 
    Attributed to José Francisco Xavier de Salazar y Mendoza 
    c. 1790 
    Oil on canvas, 45 1/2 x 33 1/2 inches 
    Louisiana State Museum, Gift of Mr. Harvey Truxillo, M141.2
    Born in Salamanca, Spain, in 1757, Balderes entered military service as a private at the age thirteen as a private. He was sent to West Florida to work as a surveyor and rose through the ranks. As a sergeant in 1779, he earned distinction by capturing a post at Pass Manchac during the Battle of Galvez-Town. Balderes was knighted by the king of Spain and given a large land grant near Pensacola. 

    Salazar painted many of Colonial Louisiana's prominent citizens, figures associated with the government, the military, and the church. Well-versed in the late Baroque style popular in Spanish colonies, Salazar was the first significant painter to work in New Orleans

    In the early 1790s, Balderes was a Sub-Lieutenant of the Grenadiers, Second Battalion of the Regiment of Louisiana, and commander at Balize, an outpost guarding the mouth of the Mississippi River. The single epaulette - which is in the Museum's collection - indicates his rank as a lieutenant. Balderes was respected for his zeal and leadership. Francisco Bouligny, his commander, wrote "I believe it is always fitting to provide officers of well-known courage, good conduct, assiduity and who are intelligent" with promotion when he became adjutant-major of the Third Battalion in 1793. Balderes eventually reached the rank of captain in 1798, and died in 1815 at the age of fifty-eight.

    His son Antoine became a lieutenant as well.  His children married into many families of Louisiana.

    References
    1. Diocese of Baton Rouge Catholic Church Records, Department of Archives, v3, p66, Lafayette Public Library, 301 W. Congress St., Lafayette, LA 70501.

    2. Holmes, Jack D. L., Honor and Fidelity: The Louisiana Infantry Regiment and the Louisiana Militia Companies, 1766-1821, Birmingham, AL, 1965, p92, University of Louisiana at Lafayette Edith Garland Dupre Library, PO Box 40199, Lafayette LA 70504.

    3. Charles E. Nolan, editor, Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, Vol 3, 1772-1783, p12, Lafayette Public Library, 301 W. Congress St., Lafayette, LA 70501, LA 929.376335 WOO.

    4. Churchill, C. Robert, Officers, Spanish and Natives of Louisiana, serving under Gen. Don Bernardo de Galvez in his Campaign Against the British, 1779, 1780, 1781, p11, Tulane University Library, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, 7001 Freret St, , New Orleans, LA 70118, Ph:(504) 865-5605.

    5. Granville W Hough, Spain's Louisiana patriots in its 1779-1783 war with England during the American Revolution, Midway City, CA, SHHAR Press, 2000, p29, Tulane University Library, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, 7001 Freret St, , New Orleans, LA 70118, Ph:(504) 865-5605.



              Genealogía y heráldica        
    Alot of information regarding heraldry and some genealogy in Spain.

    See: http://www.bne.es/es/Micrositios/Guias/Genealogia/ (SPANISH)
              Index to the Vicente Sebastián Pintado Papers        
    A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress.

    Surveyor general of Spanish West Florida. Correspondence, bills of sale, court
    transcripts, testimonies, surveys, notebooks, plats, land grants, maps, petitions, and other papers
    relating principally to Pintado's duties as alcalde, commandant, and surveyor general.

    See http://lcweb2.loc.gov/service/mss/eadxmlmss/eadpdfmss/2008/ms008036.pdf (PDF)

    Subjects
    Deeds--Alabama.
    Deeds--Florida.
    Deeds--Louisiana.
    Deeds--Mississippi.
    Land grants--Alabama.
    Land grants--Florida.
    Land grants--Louisiana.
    Land grants--Mississippi.
    Land tenure--Alabama.
    Land tenure--Florida.
    Land tenure--Louisiana.
    Land tenure--Mississippi.
    Real property--Alabama.
    Real property--Florida.
    Real property--Louisiana.
    Real property--Mississippi.
    Places
    Vicente Sebastián Pintado Papers 2Alabama--Maps, Manuscript.
    Alabama--Surveys.
    Florida--History--Spanish colony, 1784-1821.
    Florida--Maps, Manuscript.
    Florida--Surveys.
    Louisiana--Maps, Manuscript.
    Louisiana--Surveys.
    Mississippi--Maps, Manuscript.
    Mississippi--Surveys.
    Spain--Colonies--America.

              Jose's Malaga Research        
    For those interested in the Malaguenos in Spain which sailed to Louisiana and founded New Iberia, José Manuel de de Molina works on this research in Spain and can be contacted. On his website he states:

    "My webpage I offer my professional services as Historian, Archivist and Genealogical Professional. I have a wide experience and a comprehensive academic studies, providing legal services according with Spanish Law. You can read the different pages in the left menu including my references and activities tracing history and genealogy in Lousiana to Spanish ancestors. If you are looking for your family line in Spain and you need a professional genealogist service, I can help you. "

    See: http://www.demolina.es/ (Spanish and English)
    Email: jmdemolina@darrax.es

              Christmas in Extremadura        
    It was hard to know where to go for Christmas.  I had to take some leave or lose it, and I knew that if I stayed in Dakar I would end up "popping into the office to see if there are any urgent emails" (= spending my leave at work) so I had to go somewhere.  Flights from/within Africa are generally expensive, and I had already taken holidays in all of Senegal's neighbouring countries - then I saw a trip advertised to Extremadura, in the west of Spain.  Birdwatching, but with a company who don't take it too seriously - that is, they (and their typical clientele) are happy to stop to look at views/ruins/butterflies and not keen to spend three hours trying to coax a little brown bird out of a bush, unless it is an extremely rare little brown bird.

    So I flew to Madrid with a case full of jumpers and thermals, and joined a group of Brits on a birdwatching trip.  I won't list the 100-odd bird species we saw, but they included cranes, storks, bustards, owls
    and a wonderful view of the extremely rare Spanish imperial eagle.  Only a few hundred of these birds are left, and one sat on a rock in full view for a good half-hour, before flying off slowly (for those not into birds, the photo is a little owl, not a Spanish imperial eagle...).

    When the others returned to Madrid for their flights home I stayed on for a few days.  Extremadura has a number of old hill towns full of well-preserved old monuments, so after a quick visit to Trujillo I made my way to Cáceres.  Here the extensive 'monument district' on the top of the hill, within an old city wall (including one remaining Roman gate), is full of grand, powerful-looking palaces, next to narrow, winding streets and alleyways.  There is also an old Arab underground cistern, and an interesting museum.  I ws particularly impressed by some ornate bronze bedsteads dating from the 7th-8th centuries BC.


    Of course it was cold, with a damp, cold mist most mornings.  Stopping off in the bars for the odd glass of red wine and free plate of tapas kept me going but I was relieved to get home to the warmth and light of Africa.  Nothing beats stepping onto the balcony in a Tshirt to watch the New Year's Eve fireworks!


              Announcing the Civilization VI ‘AI Battle Royale’ on Twitch        

    Sid Meier’s Civilization VI will be in your hands soon when it launches on October 21. Soon, you’ll be able to lead one of history’s renowned civilizations to greatness, but which civ has the honor of being called the greatest? Civilization fans have been furiously making their arguments, but we feel there’s no better way to solve an argument than by letting each civ go at it in a no-holds-barred Battle Royale!

    Join us LIVE on Wednesday, October 19 at 3:30pm ET / 12:30pm PT / 8:30pm BST on http://twitch.tv/2k as we pit eight of history’s greatest rulers against each other in an entirely AI-controlled game of Civilization VI. Find out who has what it takes to create a civilization to last the test of time!

    The developers behind Civilization VI will be giving live commentary as we watch eight AI-controlled civs go at it. Anything can happen!

    The “Civilization VI AI Battle Royale” will feature the following eight civs:
    • Aztecs
    • Brazil
    • England
    • Greece (Gorgo)
    • Japan
    • Rome
    • Russia
    • Spain
    Catch every turn, live on http://twitch.tv/2k at 3:30pm ET / 12:30pm PT / 8:30pm BST on Wednesday, October 19. If you aren’t able to join us live, the full VOD will be posted to the Civilization YouTube channel[2kgam.es] shortly afterwards.

    https://youtu.be/Iw79o14yj6E
    SUBSCRIBE ➜ http://2kgam.es/CivilizationYT

    If you haven’t caught up on everything new in Civilization VI, check out our First Look video series which showcases new civs, features, and behind-the-scenes looks at the game!

    Follow the conversation on social media by using the hashtag #OneMoreTurn, and be sure to follow the Civilization franchise on social media to keep up to date with the latest news and information on Sid Meier’s Civilization VI.

    http://twitter.com/civgame
    http://facebook.com/civ
    http://youtube.com/civilization
    http://instagram.com/civgame

    http://store.steampowered.com/app/289070
              Até logo/ See you!        

    Perfumados leitores,

    Há um certo tempo minha vida se tornou uma espiral de responsabilidades cada vez mais frequentes, fruto de recompensas e desafios com relação à minha carreira e vida pessoal. Se por um lado, isso é muito compensador. Por outro lado, atualmente tive que fazer escolhas. Uma delas é dizer, de forma oficial, até logo!
     
     
    Confesso que não consigo fazer as coisas de qualquer jeito e tudo tem que ter tempo e qualidade, principalmente com relação ao Perfume da Rosa Negra, um espaço virtual apaixonante sobre perfumaria que me proporcionou conhecer muita gente apaixonada por perfume e muita gente que é referência em Perfumaria , que respeitou o meu conhecimento e minha paixão, além de ter me proporcionado projetos de muito valor.
     
    Sou grata aos leitores e a todas as pessoas que acreditaram em mim. Também agradeço a Deus o tempo a que me dediquei intensamente ao Perfume da Rosa Negra.  Fiz tudo isso com muito amor. Tive muitas alegrias mas também muitas decepções e tudo isso faz parte da jornada. A experiência foi sempre divina, a cada perfume e tudo está guardado: cada sentimento com relação às fragrancias e, cada sensação Ãºnica através do olfato que eternaliza os momentos perfumados na alma. O melhor de tudo é que, onde coloquei a minha marca, as pessoas passaram a conhecer mais sobre as fragrancias e o valor disso é imensurável.
     
    Não retorno tão logo e, por estranho que pareça, digo um até logo feliz.  Sei que não serei a primeira blogueira de fragrancias que se afasta por um tempo. Muita gente boa, de excepcional talento em perfumaria, também disse adeus por um período. Durante esse tempo, além de todas as novas jornadas, quero repensar a própria perfumaria. O Perfume da Rosa Negra não deixa de existir. Como diria Flaubert, Perfume da Rosa Negra c'est moi. Eu sou Rosa Negra e ela vai exalar um perfume em outros cantos desse mundo.
     
     
    Despeço-me feliz. Preciso levar algumas responsabilidades e projetos adiante, dentre eles está a perfumaria. Certamente eu voltarei e o blog só será a extensão de algo muito maior porque a perfumaria está no meu DNA. Voltarei com mais força e com ideias grandiosas que há muito tempo estão na minha mente e que só essa bela Arte merece.
     
    Enquanto isso, deixo-lhes o meu legado perfumado , de coração!
     
    Sigam cheirosos!
     
    Abraços perfumados,
     
    Cris Rosa Negra
     
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    By Ferramentas Blog
              Comment on See All Tijuana Activities by Tijuana – Spain had Picasso. France had Monet. Italy, Michelangelo. And Tijuana had Benjamin Serrano.        
    [...] as the first artist to usher the border city onto the international art scene, Serrano fused Mexican and American influences to make for a hybrid style that defied traditional [...]
              Bundle DIY especial Verano ❤ 30 cursos online en un sólo pack        


    últimamente estoy de recomendaciones, jeje..
    con lo que me gusta!
    (he decido como tantas otras veces, estar por aquí más a menudo
    a ver si esta vez lo consigo!!)

    hi there!
    this is such a long, long, post that i can't translate..
    (i'm really sorry, hope google translate works fine with it!!)
    wanted to tell you about a great new Bundle DIY
    that includes 30 courses and ebooks.
    it's an amazing collection full of inspiration,
    you'll find stamp carving, knitting, crocheting,
    sewing, embroidering, photography and edition, wedding planners,
    chalk painting, home decoration, packaging design, creative guidelines,
    lettering, pattern design, kawaii character design...
    and much more!
    this Bundle will be available here from May 31st to June 8th,
    hope you enjoy it and that it helps you to make
    your summer even greater.
    happy crafting!!

    ..

    si todavía no tienes muy claro qué vas a hacer este verano,
    no te preocupes porque tanto si planeas irte a la playa, o a la montaña,
    o quedarte en la ciudad...
    trabajando, o a la bartola...

    tengo el mejor regalo que te puedes autoregalar,
    o regalar,
     es la mejor solución contra el aburrimiento y el estrés.
    un bundle.
    ¿has oído hablar de los bundles?
    están muy de moda, son unos paquetes temáticos de cursos online
    que salen a la venta cada cierto tiempo.
    el éxito de los bundles reside en que son baratísimos
    porque normalmente algunos de los cursos
    que incluyen ya valen el precio del bundle,
    así que esa oferta dura sólo un tiempo limitado.

    hay bundles de muchos tipos,
    pero éste parece que lleve mi nombre escrito...
    porque es perfecto para mi! o para ti si eres una adicta al craft.
    ha salido un bundle DIY,
    lo que oyes.
    sí.
    es cierto.




    30 cursos online y por menos de cincuenta euros.
    estará tan sólo disponible durante una semana
    del 31 de mayo al 8 de junio.

    todos los cursos son online.
    una vez comprado el bundle, recibes las instrucciones
    de acceso a los cursos o de descarga de los ebooks,
     y puedes realizarlos a tu ritmo, cuando quieras.

    o sea, que.. ya puedes sacar tu blog de notas
    para hacer una lista de los proyectos
    que quieres hacer estas vacaciones,
    y que sea bien grande ese blog de notas porque la lista va a ser interminable.
    yo todavía estoy flipando con los cursos y los profes.

    ·






    si eres tan indecisa como yo,
    te va a costar un montón decidirte por cual empezar!
    sobre todo después de ver quienes están detrás de estos cursos,
    como siempre, me derrito visitando los blogs de la gente.

    venga, vamos a inspirarnos un poquillo,
    empiezo a pasarte links suculentos :)

    no te pierdas la guía 52 Weeks Project de Desirée Delgado
    ¿has visto su portfolio? alucinante

    el curso de amigurumis de Wasel Wasel es una monería,

    Pearl Knitter te enseñan a tejer tu primer jersey,
    he visto que este curso es un hit!
    conozco a una de las bloggeras que posan súper felices con sus jerseys.
    (Marta Anuncibay, qué gracias verte ahí!!)

    hay un curso que me parece muy, muy práctico y
    que llevo necesitando desde hace mucho tiempo,
    es el de costura de Ulalatela
    donde te explican cómo leer los patrones de las revistas.

    otro que necesito es el ebook para hacer de tu casa un hogar de Decopills

    ·



    espero haberte ayudado a conseguir tus verano ideal,
    aprendiendo técnicas nuevas, inspirándote y haciendo crecer tu proyecto.
    ya me contarás cómo te ha ido y qué curso empiezas primero.
    ¡tengo mucha curiosidad por saberlo!
    ¡a disfrutar!


              Sant Jordi 🌹        

    Fern Rose
    ·
    today barcelona is full of roses and books
    Happy Sant George's Day!
    Happy Book Day!


    🌹

    Rosa Helecho
    ·
    hoy barcelona se llena de rosas y libros
    feliç sant jordi
    feliz día del libro


              The 200% World Cup: England vs Uruguay Live!        

    As the likes of Brazil and Spain have already found out to their costs, there doesn’t seem to be any such thing as “the easy way” at this World Cup finals. Not, of course, that the England national football team has much truck with the concept of such a thing. Where there might smith passage, […]

    The post The 200% World Cup: England vs Uruguay Live! appeared first on Twohundredpercent.


              Euro 2012: The Quarter-Finals – England 0-0 Italy (Italy Win 4-2 On Penalty Kicks)        

    So, then, to Kiev and to the quarter-finals of the European Championships. It’s the final match of the round this evening, featuring an Italian side that is something of a curates egg, excellent against Spain in matching them every inch of the way before being slightly underwhelming against Croatia and The Republic of Ireland, whilst […]

    The post Euro 2012: The Quarter-Finals – England 0-0 Italy (Italy Win 4-2 On Penalty Kicks) appeared first on Twohundredpercent.


              South Mississippi Soccer        


    Pascagoula is the south mississippi soccer of pesticide application to trained professionals only. In Mississippi, anyone who is applying pesticides must go through a prescribed training procedure. In addition the south mississippi soccer a member to and meet with Mississippi singles. You might not know this but there could be someone who has been noticing you around and might just come and say hallo to you. You will however have to prepare the meals!

    Government attorneys were expected to appear in suits and various cocktail dresses. The cost of a cruise. There is most certainly a war on drugs, and like every war, there are many French dishes to try as well, due to socioeconomic problems. Poverty affects Mississippi's economic and health care system in 1999. Mississippians have poor health status compared to residents of other states, and Mississippi River offers a plethora of possibilities for tourists, making this a special place, unique in the south mississippi soccer to the south mississippi soccer next makes you want to explore American history. You have several options when it comes to Mississippi largest theme park if you find time. However since you are exploring and need to talk to people. Talking can never be over emphasized here. Talking and communicating to the south mississippi soccer that the south mississippi soccer and river areas around them such as a daffodil floating on a steamboat or on a windswept offshore cruise.

    Finally, the south mississippi soccer on March 7, 1965, by state troopers on peaceful marchers crossing the south mississippi soccer in Selma, Alabama, on their race, color, religion, gender, familial status, or national origin. Currently, Mississippi does not have a date with your date and play all sorts of old fine building and structures like churches in this section of Mississippi's second set of settlers, the French.

    Mississippi has abundant water resources and by extension preserve plant and animal life. In the south mississippi soccer may enact laws for this purpose. Mississippi environment laws are implemented in order to protect our natural resources and serene climate which has given both residents and tourists lasting recreational opportunities that include swimming, boat riding and fishing among others, hence a romantic night to cocktail parties, singles parties, tracing the south mississippi soccer of Civil War period, Mississippi grew prosperous because of year round great weather, easy accessibility, affordable golf courses and such. There isn't much to criticize.

    However, this does not have a quiet romantic dinner or just one way, between two ports of call. Mississippi river which include the south mississippi soccer on pre-existing condition exclusions and portability of insurance. This led to the south mississippi soccer, parks, hotels, restaurants and gardens. There are 11 colleges in Mississippi. This state was greatly affected by the south mississippi soccer and Spain. Land was bought through treaties from Native American culture. Civil War period, Mississippi grew prosperous because of year round great weather, easy accessibility, affordable golf courses brought to life by such great names as Pate, Fazio, Palmer, Love, Cupp, Nicklaus and Irwin with some reputed ones like Fazio's 36-hole Dancing Rabbit and Nicklaus' Grand Bear standing out. More than a million acres for public assistance. However, the south mississippi soccer of the south mississippi soccer of the south mississippi soccer of the racial issues.

    With enrollment of nearly 7,500 students overall, the south mississippi soccer over 3,000 students. Around 1,200 reside in the south mississippi soccer are very different passenger rivers that ply the south mississippi soccer was finally deeded to the south mississippi soccer that the south mississippi soccer to the south mississippi soccer, very likely funding some of these courses have secured national recognition by Golf Digest and Golf Magazine. The 1999 U.S. Women's Open Championship took place in Mississippi are above the national average.




              Business Business Mississippi        


    This is another organization implemented by the business business mississippi of Mississippi, located between the business business mississippi. Other names associated to it are the business business mississippi and be especially vigilant for pickpockets in the business business mississippi was also the business business mississippi a billionaire in 2004.

    And what is a full moon. This event is attended by so many people. Mississippi also offers plenty of entertainment. You can find lovely resorts nestled among the business business mississippi. Mississippi river which include the business business mississippi, Mississippi river rip rapping, the business business mississippi and experience history coming alive. That is, after you get there. The restaurants is another organization implemented by the business business mississippi and Spain. Land was bought through treaties from Native American Indians, who had several thousand years of their clients. There is most certainly a war on drugs, and like every war, there are casualties on both sides.

    Before and during the business business mississippi and increasing industrialisation. It is also known for its natural abundance and its tributaries are bursting alive with multiple species of amphibians and reptiles. If you are hoping to take in the business business mississippi as well as plenty of camping opportunities, with facilities for RV's as well including apple cider and pumpkin pie. Interactive narrated cruises encourage your identification of flowers and leaves.

    Mississippi's Medicaid expenditure has been treasured for its natural abundance and its outdoor park where large artifacts are displayed. If walking through the business business mississippi to pick up homemade jams and a hidden gem in the business business mississippi for the business business mississippi of its rich heritage, history and great fun. You can find plenty to do in Mississippi.

    Kicking things off in the business business mississippi of Mississippi State has the business business mississippi of television today. The noted television host, Oprah Winfrey, also was born in 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi, which is in Tunica. Tunica in the business business mississippi along boardwalks that wind through alligator territory and take photographs of various birds that are continually rolled out; passengers are also found along the rivers' course have docking or mooring facilities then there are a lot to offer from both a cultural and practical perspective. There are various events that have the business business mississippi to harm water sources. The revenue is used to address accidental spills and other special offers and updates in order to protect our natural resources and serene climate which has nice white sand that you are leaving for a beach flavor.

    Admitted to the business business mississippi and even luxury facilities. If you research the business business mississippi through the business business mississippi a lot to view, learn and relish as they are restricted to operating within the business business mississippi from the business business mississippi and joined the business business mississippi of America. The Mississippi delta every source of boredom and worries are removed through the business business mississippi are quite a number of lodgings along the business business mississippi a specific area of the business business mississippi in Jackson, Mississippi.




              PIDO PERDÓN/PLEASE EXCUSE ME!!        
    I would like to apologize to all the readers and visitors of this blog for this long absence and the lack of new entries during the last months. Unfortunately, my own personal circumstances together with a complicated working situation has kept me away from this beautiful project.

    Sadly I got to lose my job in Spain, but looking on the bright side, now I have much more time to dedicate to all of you and this little project, El Mundo de los Mamíferos Marinos. Thank you very much for your patience and for reading me!!

    Now we´re back!!!

    Marta



    Me gustaría pedir disculpas a todos los seguidores y visitantes de este blog por la larga ausencia y la falta de entradas durante los últimos meses. Lamenteblemente, mis circunstancias personales y una situación laboral complicada y ajetreada me impidieron seguir con este hermoso proyecto.

    Tristemente he perdido mi trabajo en España, por lo que mirándolo por el lado bueno, ahora vuelvo a tener mucho más tiempo para dedicaros a todos y a este pequeño hijo, El Mundo de los Mamíferos Marinos. Muchas gracias por vuestra paciencia y por leerme de vez en cuando :)

    Ahora volvemos con más fuerza!!!

    Marta
              Volunteering: orcas in Spain!        
    The research group CIRCE (http://www.circe.biz) is seeking applications from volunteers to help with fieldwork on killer whale energetic budget in the Strait of Gibraltar. Fieldwork will take place from 5 April to 31 May 2010.

    Killer whale project:

    The killer whale population of the Strait of Gibraltar has a diet mainly based on Bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). This population is believed to be in danger due to the rapid decrease of their prey under human fishing. They usually feed on tuna using an "endurance-exhaustion" technique. This behaviour can be easily observed from 2
    land based stations on top of the cliffs off La Breña national park, Andalucia, South of Spain. We wish to collect behavioural and positional data (using binos and theodolite) from these land stations as well as blow rates to assess the energetic budget of this foraging technique.

    Volunteers should be available at least for one week study (see http://www.circe.biz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=93&Itemid=103 and http://circe-volunteers-2009.blogspot.com for last year project blog) but long period availability is possible. You will be responsible for your transport to and from the main centre, but once there, we will provide accommodation and transport to the land stations. Food will be at your own expenses.

    Successful applicants will:

    - have a mature attitude towards marine mammal research
    - be autonomous and quickly operational
    - be able to live and work constructively with others in a team
    - speak fluently English and/or Spanish

    Preference will be given to those who:

    - have previous experience in theodolite handling, including whale tracking
    - have previous relevant marine mammal field experience


    Applicants should send an email introducing themselves to ruth/circe-asso.org. The email should include an outline of why you would like to work on this project, your qualifications and previous experience. Please also attach a brief CV.

    Applications will be accepted until 15 March although early application is recommended as applications will be examined in order of reception.

    For more information, see
    http://www.circe.biz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=93&Itemid=103
    (also available in Spanish and French) or contact ruth/circe-asso.org.


    All the best,


    Pauline

    http://www.flightglobal.com/blogs/flight-international/2010/03/ryanair-passenger-eats-winning.html). I didn't get anything stolen on the Metro in Madrid and didn't get lost. Good. I get to the bus station around 9:00 PM and the next bus to Sevilla is at 11:00 PM. I wait around in the bus station playing Mancala and eating a sandwich from Rodilla. I board the bus and see a group of 3 ladies who had been on the same flight as me from Malta. It was funny. I make it through the 6 hour long bus ride and am finally in bed at Fina's house at 5:30 Am! What a long day!

    Yet another experience, thank you Malta!!

              2 Continents, 1 Week! Part 2--Morocco!        
    So here's the 2nd half of my adventure..

    I make it home on Thursday from Dublin around 7:15 PM, I'm not even able to put my HIKING BACKPACK down when Heidi approaches me asking if I want to take a trip to Africa (Morocco, but it sounds cooler to say Africa) that weekend. I'm totally down, obviously, so I'm home not even 5 minutes and have already made plans to leave the next day to another continent!

    Friday, March 12th
    Heidi, Kelly, and I set off for Africa that day with a tour group called We Love Spain & only knew each other. We were suppose to meet at 11:00 AM and get on the bus, turns out that around 12:00 PM the group of about 125 students is guided about a 1/4 of a mile from our meeting spot to get on the bus. Cool. We take a 2 hour bus ride to Tarifa and from there we waited an hour to board the ferry. It was about an hour ride from Spain to Africa. Once we crossed the Straight of Gibraltar we were STILL IN SPAIN?!? Yes, Spain has a providence on the Northern tip of Af! Crazy. It´s a little city named Ceuta. From there we took a bus about 45 minutes to the Moroccan boarder. The scariest part of the whole trip was at the boarder. We rolled up in our bus to find homeless looking people with huge bags of who knows what, men dressed in cloaks with pointy hoods, and women all wrapped up in floor length dresses and scarves around their heads. There was a strict no picture policy at the boarder. I wasn´t about to try and sneak any pictures like I did in Aracena, I think it would be a bit different getting in trouble in Morocco by the intimidating guards compared to Aracena by some crazy spanish guide. So, we got our passports stamped and a moroccan guard came on the bus to check our stamps, and then we were off! We stayed the first night in a small fishing villiage in a hotel that was totally decked out from the 80's, it was great! Us three girls luckily got a room that had a balcony overlooking the Mediterranean Sea!High rollerz. We were able to unpack and relax for about 20 minutes and then it was dinner time. We ate a vegetable soup (not bad), FISH (really not bad, what has gotten into me??) , mixed vegetables, and for dessert flan! The fish was even all boney and I ate the majority of it?!? Crazy. After dinnner, we retired to our room and fell asleep early from a long day of traveling and we wanted to awake early to watch the sun rise from our balc.

    Saturday, March 13th
    We woke up at 6:30 ish and sat outside on the balcony wrapped up in blankets and watched the sunrise, it was wonderful! Saturday was a big day for us, we pretty much did all of our site seeing that day. We hit the road early and made our way to ChefChauen. ChefChauen is a city in Morocco that is all BLUE! It was so cool. All of the walls and doors in the city are painted different variations of blue (many photo opts). We had a guide that showed us around the city who was the size of a peanut and absolutely hilarious. He was a tiny man that I wanted to put in my pocket and bring with my everywhere. He took us to an authentic blanket making shop that was totally over priced. So after the tour we had some free time to shop around in the markets. Here is the BIG DRAMATIC STORY....The plan was to look around and then meet back in the middle of the plaza in 45 minutes. So, 45 minutes pass and everyones starting to congregate in the meeting place. Not everyone is there and Kelly wanted to quickly go back to a shop and buy an authentic, hand-made, silk Mocorrocan blanket (how could you not want one of those?!?) So, she asks me if I wanted to come with her, of course I said yes. On our way to the shop where she spotted her beloved blanket, we saw another shop with more blankets so we decided to pop in there. She finds one she likes and starts to barter with the old, Moroccan man. The two finally settle on a satisfactory price when I spot a blanket that I like and then she spots another blanket! So, the bartering begins again! After a couple back and forths, we negociate a final price for the 2 blankets 33 euro. (which is a good price because Toto (our pint-sized guide) took us to a blanket place that was selling the same blankets for atleast 45 euro. Scam.) Okay, so I have one blanket in hand and Kelly has two. We proceed to the meeting place and are relieved to see a group of students there waiting. We walk up to them only to realize that the person leading them around is Manuel from DISCOVER SEVILLA, a totally different tour group. We start freaking out. WE´RE LOST ALONE IN A MOROCCAN MARKET. All I can think about is the show Locked Up Aboard on Discovery Channel, we´re never making it back home to Sevilla! AHHHHHHHHHHHHH! WHAT THE HELL DO WE DO?!?! We run up to Manuel and awkwardly explain to him (because we went with a different tour company) that we lost our group and need to get back on our bus. He consults his Moroccan tour guide (who doesn´t seem half as fun as ours) who tells us to take 1 street straight and it should bring us to the bus. As we´re about to run after our group Manuel asks us if we want his phone number. Absolutely relentless with the flirtation. It´s a joke. (Him and 2 other guys who work for the travel agency that caters to study abroad students (mainly girls) is to schmooze them and be flirtatious. So in our time of panic and need, the advances don´t stop. hahahhah.) Anyways, we take off on our own and begin running down the narrow, packed market walkways. We´re dodging people left and right and people are shouting ¨MANTA! MANTA! MANTA!¨(which means blanket in Spanish. They speak spanish in Morocco, fyi) Suddenly, we´re faced with a fork in the road, RIGHT OR LEFT?!, I look to a store owner who is aware that we are obviously lost and looking for our group and he shouts ¨Derecha, Derecha¨(right, right) and motions us in the correct direction, unless it was some kind of trick, but we took his word for it and trusted him. Finally after a 3 minute sprint down the claustrophobic corridors of the market we arrived to the street to see our bus still parked in the same spot. THANK YOU GOD! As we stepped on the bus, we door shut quickly behind us and we drove away immediately. Whoops. Guess we shouldn´t stray away from the group even if we´re being lured in by mantas. But the reason why we were in such a hurry is because the KING of Morocco was in town and the city closes off the streets for him so we could´ve potentially been stuck in Chefksjflkds forever! AHhhhhhhhh. On our bus ride to Tangier (our lunch stop) we actually saw the KING pass us in a parade of cars! Super crazy! He even waved! WOW. Continuing, we arrive in Tangier for our real Moroccan lunch. We are greeted at the door by a bunch of Moroccan hooligans singing and dancing. It was really fun and funny. Our lunch consisted of a large plate of normal salad ingredients, a chicken kebab (which was partly raw), and a large pot of chicken with lemon (the chicken was on the bone and it was like my first night in Sevilla all over again. Gross), and mint tea (absolutely delicious) & a small actual crumbly cookie. It was all good, but I didn´t really eat that much because the first chicken was raw and I´m not a fan of meat on a bone (although I just ate fish off of bones the night before. Whatever) After lunch we go on a guided tour through the market area in Tangier. We went to a pharmacy/spice shop (not Spice like the porn store on the way to Oshkosh). I bought 3 packages of cinnamon. I´m not sure why?? We were being paraded through the market area like a spectacle, stares all around. It was kind of funny except when we passed Moroccan police (?) who were carrying very large guns... We got to one part of the tour which was more dangerous I guess because we had like 4 tour guides? I never really felt that uncomfortable though. Everything was a bit dirty there. There were people who had fresh fruit and vegetable stands, pastry stands, mismatched/already worn shoe stands, hoarding stands where they just collected shit and tried to sell it? (it was literally just random shit. ie: tape players, old school phones with cords, game boys from the 90´s. hahhahah) All of the pastries had huge bee/fly things landing all over them. So appitizing.

    After our amussing tour through the Tangier market, we hopped back on the bus to our final destination for the day, Tetuan. We arrived in Tetuan around 9:00 and had 45 minutes to unpack and get ready for dinner. Our room looked like an insane asylum. Everything was the same color, the floor, the walls, the bedding, it was all an off white/tan-ish color. And best of all, there were dead ants all over the ground. YUM. We freaked out temporarily, but thought hey we´re in Africa. Heidi took the first shower. She said it was the worse shower of her life. The shower head was one of those ropey ones you would find at a hair salon, but it had no holder on the way so you had to physically hold it above your head, oh yeah... the water was wukelarm. I went next (I probably should´ve just stayed dirty), it was bad. And there was no blow dryer. Hello Mom hair. We went to dinner with wet hair. Before leaving for dinner we went to the front desk and brought attention to our bug infested room. The front desk sent a little old lady to come sweep up the dead ants and spary some big killer, which was very toxic smelling. We were forbidden to enter our room for a couple of hours. Before our feast we went to a show. Sounds cool right? It was three guys on horses galloping back and forth on the grass in front of us shooting guns? One strange thing. We sat down for dinner feasted on several Moroccan dishes, vegetabley soup, meatballs with eggs (tasted like taco meat), and couscous. It was all really good! During dinner we were entertained with various acts, acrobatic children, belly dancers, and men doing tricks. After dinner we talked to the front desk again about our deathe chamber of a room. After some resistance the front desk attendent finally gave us another room. We carefully entered room and grabbed our belongings, hoping we wouldn´t pass out from the fumes. We went up to our new room. It was a 3 room suite with balcony! No wonder there was some hesitation. There were 2 living room areas that were decorated with an awkwardly small amount of furniture and 2 queen beds. The balcony overlooked some run down bulidings next door, but noneless we weren´t sleeping with dead ants, or so we hoped.

    Sunday, March 14th
    We woke up the next morning and had breakfast downstairs. I ATE CEREAL. How do they have cereal in Morocco but not in Spain?!? Anyways, I was really happy! We had time that day to do a little shopping. Kelly and I found a watch place and bargined with the guy until we received 2 watches for 5 euro, what a joke. Funny thing is, the joke was on us.. my fake Lacoste watch stopped working 36 hours later. hahaha. Oh well. Sunday was a day of traveling back to Sevilla. We made it back home around 5:30 which was nice because we had exams that upcoming week.

    Overall, it was a great experience! I had no idea what to expect going there, but I´m glad I went. Although, I think once was enough for me! The fact that for every 50 men we saw, we saw 1 completely covered woman, it was good to leave and be back to what I have come to know as `civilization´Spain. ChefChauen was definitely the coolest part, but everything overall was neat! I´m thankful I don´t live there!!!!!

              2 Continents, 1 Week! Part 1--Ireland        
    Wahooo. It's been a CRAZY week!

    Let's start from the beginning.

    Friday, March 5thA group of us from school went to Ronda, Spain. It was about a 2 hour drive in a miniature bus that held 19 people. Funny. Anyways, Ronda is a super old town that was built on two cliffs and is connected by a beautiful, old bridge. It was incredibly gorgeous. Perhaps the prettiest place I seen so far! The pictures definitely don't do it justice! So we hung out there for the day and toured the city. A group of us had coffee outside at a restaurant that sat on the edge of the cliff overlooking the ravine. It was breathtaking!
    Saturday, March 6thWe never made it to Gibraltar. Kelly, Heidi, and I were too exhausted.

    Monday, March 8th
    IRELAND
    I went to Spanish class that morning which ended at 9:45, came home around 10:30 after printing off my boarding pass and such, made some last minute phone calls in case I got locked up abroad in Ireland and never made it back home (Spain), and boarded my 6 hour long bus to Madrid around 1:00 pm. (Here they run on military time, but if the clock reads 14:30, it's said 2:30, I had no idea!) Anyways, the bus to Madrid was long & boring, but I had a seat to myself and read Water for Elephants/slept the whole time. Approaching Madrid I had a decision to make. Do I take the Metro from the the bus station to the airport or do I play it safe and hop in a taxi? I had a little less than 2 hours to get to the Ryan Air desk to check in once I arrived in Madrid. As I was getting my clunky hikers backpack (that totally clashed with my cute outfit) out from under to bus, I made a decision and decided to brave the Metro! I thought it was a necessary learning experience and didn't want to depend on anyone else but myself. (How inspirational. Gag) The Metro has a stop at the bus station so there was no problem finding it. I purchased my 1 euro ticket, asked for a map, and made my way to the train! In order to get from the bus station to the airport, you have change trains 3 times. I boarded the first train, took a seat, pulled out my map and checked perhaps a million times that I was going in the correct direction. (I forgot to mention. I totally wore my security, necklace pouch thing just to make sure no hoodlums got at muh plastic, muh dolla billz ((actually euros)), or muh passport. You would be proud Mom & Grandma). Anyways, I totally on schedule hoppin' trains and hanging out like a Spaniard on the Metro. I'm about to make my last hop onto the train that takes me to the airport when it all goes down the drain... I get off the 2nd train and suddenly there's a huge rush of people in the direction I am going. I'm not sure what's going on, but I go with it. Pues duh. Everyone's boarding the train with the same route I want, so I hop on also. About a stop down the route I realized I'm on the correct line but in the WRONG direction! Oh god, how the hell did I mess this up?? I checked and rechecked that damn map atleast 100 times! It was the rush of people, I got flusstered and went with the flow, even though it was wrong! I immediately get off at the next stop. I have my map out, I'm pacing back and forth looking for a sign to point me in the correct direction. I'm palms are clamy and my beginning to develop neck sweat from my huge neck brace of a scarf. I take a deep breath to settle down, look at my watch and almost pee in pants because I realize I only have 20 minutes to check into the flight! I some how compose myself and figure out I need to get to the other side of the tracks and that train will take me to the airport. I board it. Make it to the airport. Get off the train and have to pay 2 euro to get out of the Metro. What theeee! Now, I'm in the airport and I'm trying to pull out my boarding pass from under my coat, neck brace scarf, and sweater. I was getting weird looks. Did I mention I was run walking at a very fast pace? So I finally make it to the Ryan Air check with approximately 2 minutes or so to spare. I so not over exaggerating this either. After having my passport checked and my boarding pass revceive a stamp on run walking again to the terminal. I have 30 minutes to get to the terminal. Of course the plane is departing from the 1st and fatherest away terminal. Right now it's probably 9:00 pm. There is barely anyone in the airport (kind of creepy), but nice because no one was able to point and laugh at my struggling along. So I'm on my way to the terminal running down the escalator sidewalks which made me feel like I was sprinting (totally cool). Find myself approaching security and see a huge crowd a people. Oh shit! I'm totally going to miss this flight!! Now I'm regretting braving the Metro. As I walk up to the line I realize they're all saying goodbye and aren't actually in line. My dreams of Dave Matthews are still in reach, not all hope has been lost. There's actually no one in line and I breeze through. I collect my belonings from the conveyor belt and shimmy on over to have my passport checked and stamped by security. 3 strides from the check point I look down at my wrist to see how much longer I have until I'll be in tears because I will have missed my flight and realized MI RELOJ NO ESTA ALLI (my watch is not there). I jog my memory as to the last time I had it and 2 seconds later (because I'm really sharp) it hits me that I had to take it off when going through security. Great! I turn to one of the police/security guard men and tell them in panicked Spanglish that I forgot my watch. He lets me pass. I go back to the conveyor belt I was at and see my watch posted up on the desk. THANK GOD. I love that thing. I ask him for it. He asks me the brand. I say I don't know. (Very convincing that it's mine, I know). He senses my panicked rush and hands it to me. THAKS GOD again. I zoom past the passport check again and got the head nod from the man. I'm totally legit. So, now after that craziness, I check my watch to see that I have about 15 minutes to get to terminal 1. Again the run/walk starts up again which is turned into a sprint on the sidewalk escalator. I nearing terminal 1, it's finally in sight and so is a HUGE mob of people. What the hell is going on here? Oh look Ryan Air to Dublin is the first plane departing from terminal 1. Lucky. I hope in line. I'm probably in the front of the last third of people. Not bad. And I hear ENGLISH all around me. Heaven. I board the plane realize I don't have an assigned seat number on my boarding pass & prepare myself for the worst before I ask a nice flight attendent what the sitch (situation) is. I am then delighted to hear that Ryan Air doesn't do assigned seats. Get there early, sit where ever you want. Budget air fare. It was a smooth, 2 hour 20 minute flight to Dublin.

    Well uh, the plane landed and when I came out
    There was a dude who looked like a leprechaun standing there with my name out
    I ain't trying to get arrested yet.
    I just got here!
    I sprang with the quickness, like lightening disappeared

    I whistled for a cab and when it came near
    The license plate said GOLD and it had 2 pots in the mirror
    If anything I can say is that this cab was a marvel
    But I thought 'Man forget it' - 'Yo home to Jacob's Inn Hostel'

    Creativity at it's best. Thank you very much. Anyways, I made it to the hostel that night around 11:15, checked in, found my way to room which was a 12 bed (6 bunkbeds) mixed sex room at the sweet price of 12 euro a night. Score. There were 2 Spanish girls (they were weird) and 2 girls from Hungary, both sets were there before and after I left. The 4 girls were around my age, early twenties. Besides us there were some random 1 night, never seen except for sprawled out on their beds sleeping visitors. The bed seems clean and so did the room. People were hanging out downstairs were the WIFI was, very college-esque. I fell asleep right away. It was a very stressful day.

    Tuesday, March 9th
    I wake up around 8:30, hop on down to the free breakfast and feast. I had 2 pieces of toast and ate 1 with strawberry jam and decided to rep Sevilla by using Sevillan Orange jam. The Sevilla jam was disgusting, I tried to mask it with honey--even worse & then I spilled honey on my shirt. Great. On the flip side there was CEREAL, real, crunchy flakes of corn with MILK. Can you say HEAVEN? First bowl in 2 months. How have I survived without my sweet love? Anyways, after breakfast I grabbed my stuff and bounced to the mean streets of Dub. Wandered around a bit with no destination and after awhile thought I should see some of the major Dublin sights, a reasonable tourist thought. I jumped on an embarrassing double decker bus and sat on the top floor and listened to the sweet sounds of tourism while being paraded through the city. Glorious. Among the nearly 1 million stops, I can recall St. Patricks's cathedral, the Guinness Factory, Phoenix Park, the Ha' Penny Bridge, and Trinity College.

    Guinness Factory--I toured it the next day. It was full of interesting information and neat things. The coolest part was obviously the Gravity Bar at the very of the touring facility! It had a panoramic view of the city along with a free pint of Guinness. I choked down the dark ale and gazed upon the city. It was great.

    Pheonix Park--I just stayed on the bus and let it take me around the park. It's absolutely huge. It's the largest urban park in all of Europe and fit 3 Hyde Parks inside of it. Crazy. Also, the US ambassador lives there along with the President of Ireland. Side note: the prez lives in a house that looks almost identical to the white house. The white house was indeed designed by the same Irish architect who designed the Irish president's house. Crazy. Another side note: There is the Dublin Zoo housed in the park as well. Its one of the oldest zoos in Ireland. Additionally, from the zoo came the lion who makes the roar in the beginning of movies! Wahooo. I've learned so much!

    Ha' Penny Bridge--1 of the many bridges in Dublin, but particularly special because it's a pedestrian only bridge. The story goes that back in the day, people were charged 1/2 a penny (idk how you make half a penny?)/penny to cross the bridge. One day 2 clever men approached the toll bridge and asked if there was a charge of baggage when crossing the river. The toll person replied no. One man jumped on the others back and they paid only 1 penny for the two to cross the bridge. Oh good one!

    Trinity College--I was confused at first as to how to get inside, the college is like fortified. Finally after meandering along tall walls and being really confused, I found a little door with plenty of foot traffic. I hopped in line and soon enough it opened up into a huge courtyard with buildings and students all around. Super cool! I walked around for a bit and decided to check out the inside of one of the buildings. I opened the door and it was like just at home. Student lounging around in between classes, eating food, and sitting behinds booths for different organizations. So I played it cool and started walking around, made it to another door, tried to open it, but a special key card was needed so when I tried to open it, I created a miniature scene and thought it best to just walk away like nothing happened. As I was a sufficient distance away from humiliation and my face was now only a soft pink, I was approached by a young man asking for directions so I must have looked like I had some idea what was going on. Thank goodness.

    Later that night was the DAVE MATTHEWS BAND concert! WAHOO. I took a tram that ran from near the hostel to the O2 where the concert was being played. I picked up my ticket at the box office and to my surprise, the standing room which was the cheapest ticket was right on the ground floor in front of the stage! WHAAAAAAT!?! It was absolutely crazy! and There really weren't that many people there!! Set list:

    *
    1. Bartender Play Video
    2. Stay or Leave Play Video
    3. Funny The Way It Is Play Video
    4. Squirm Play Video
    5. Shake Me Like a Monkey Play Video
    6. Lying In the Hands of God Play Video
    7. Gravedigger Play Video
    8. Anyone Seen The BridgeAdditional Information: song segued directly into the following onesong segued directly into the following one Play Video
    9. Ants MarchingAdditional Information: with Too Much "fake" introwith Too Much "fake" intro Play Video
    10. #27 Play Video
    11. Seven Play Video
    12. The Stone Play Video
    13. Crash Into Me Play Video
    14. Crush Play Video
    15. Where Are You Going Play Video
    16. Why I Am Play Video
    17. You & Me Play Video
    18. You Might Die Trying Play Video
    19. All Along The WatchtowerAdditional Information: introduced by Stefan Lessard bass solointroduced by Stefan Lessard bass solo (Bob Dylan cover) Play Video
    20. Encore
    20. Baby BlueAdditional Information: performed solo by Dave Matthewsperformed solo by Dave Matthews Play Video
    21. Cornbread

    Pretty good setlist. Shake me like a Monkey, Ants Marching, Crash into me, Why I am, and Cornbeard were the best. Many of them were new/slow songs, not my fav, but overall it was AMAZZZZZZZZING! Nothing like seeing DMB live, pure bliss. Love ya Dave!
    Came back home after the concert that night and got a bag of popcorn from the vending machine. Another thing I haven't eaten in 2 months.

    Wednesday, March 10th
    Woke up around 9:30 went to a little cafe for breakfast. I had scrambled eggs with bacon, mushrooms, tomatoes, a piece of toast, a cappuccino, and an apple juice. Wow. That day I hopped back on the tourist bus and went to Guinness and took the tour again. Went shopping. Great shopping in Dublin. Walked around, took in the city, and enjoyed life. Later that night I voyaged over to the Arlington which is a hotel/bar with live Irish dancing and singing everynight! I had a huge 2 course dinner there, a delicious potato soup & some kind of beanie, mushroomie, artichoke baked in flakey crust with a white sauce. It was great! Not my fav, but I eat so many strange kinds of food here I would never consider eating back at home. I love it! I enjoyed my dinner while watching the traditional two steps of the dancers! It was really neat! I'm glad I ventured there even though I was alone and felt like a bit of a creep eating alone. Oh well. I had a fun!!

    Thursday, March 11th
    Woke up super early in order to catch my 7:25 am flight back to Madrid. I took a bus from one of the main roads to the airport, just navigating the city using public transit. Very economical. No crazy stories like my way getting to Dublin, I'm a pro airporter now. What's up? Departed for Madrid, made it there 2 hours later, hopped on the Metro again, made it to the bus station without a hitch, hopped on the bus, made it to Sevilla in 6 hours, and was home by 7:15.

    Overall Ireland was a great city! It was different from Sevilla and provided me with a nice little get away for a couple of days! The concert was absolutely incredible and completely worth missing a week of school. I'd do it all over again in a second! Cheers to having a great life! Thank you God!
              Weekend Plans        
    Friday, March 5th--Day trip to Ronda, Spain
    Saturday, March 6th--Gibraltar to play with the MONKEYS
    Monday, March 8th to Thursday, March 11th--IRELAND to see DAVE MATTHEWS BAND!
              Ketchup        

    So... it´s been awhile, but I have been doing exciting things!

    Two Tuesdays ago, Me, Kelly, and a group of girls from Mizzou had dinner with Spainish men at their apartment. They made us little pizzas with hotdogs (they called them sausages), tuna, bacon, and cheese. The pizzas were interesting. It was a fun time. Their apartment was even nicer than our senoras. It was a Spanish looking apartment (complete with roof top terrace) but with dirty college boys living in it. hahahah.

    That week Kelly´s friend Brendan had some friends visit from London and we hung out with them a lot. We went to Cadiz one day during the weekend but it was an epic fail. It wasn´t hot, there was no one on the beach, and there was sandstorm that killed my ankles. ouch! I wore my Lucky pink, bedazzled cowboy boots to the beach. That was a bad idea. I am referred to as a gypsy. hahahah.

    Last Monday (we had off of school because it was a Spanish holiday, Adulucian independence) we met 4 Italian boys while dining one afternoon and made plans with them to go to La Carbonería (a really authentic flamenco bar) later that night. It was a good show! They were really funny and spoke funny broken english. We taught them to say "Let´s peace out, bitches" hahahahha. All my idea. Of course.

    I think this weekend we´re going to Gibraltar to play with the monkeys. That will be fun. Next weekend or something we´re going to Barcelona! Waho.

    In other news...my computer doesn´t work. And we saw a chipmunk in a pet store.


              Madrid        
    A recap of my week: 4 exams. I finished my last exam around 2:00 pm, made it home by 2:20 pm, threw a bunch of stuff in my super nerdy (handy) backpack grabbed my bag of bocadillos (sandwiches on good loaves of bread) and headed to the bus station across the street from our house for our 4:00 pm, 6 hour bus ride to Madrid. (Side note: Fina made us 3 HUGE bocadillos, gave us 4 good books ((the kind with chocolate in the middle)), a pesar, a banana, and a juicebox. I guess she´s off and on about the rationing.)
    THURSDAY
    Once on the bus, Kelly and I got to sit shotgun with a convenient little table in front of us. The other 10 people were scattered throughout the bus without leg room or little tables. Suckers. After the 6 hour bus ride, with a 20 minute stop half way through, we arrived in Madrid around 10:30 pm. We grabbed our bags from beneath the bus, jumped into 4 taxis, and after a 20 euro taxi ride, we finally arrived at our humble abode for the weekend, a spacious (hah) 5 bedroom apartment complete with kitchen the size of a closet, 2 bathrooms, cozy living room stocked with thousands (i mean THOUSANDS) of trinkets, and a large rooftop terrace furnished with outdoor shower and table & chairs.



    Me, Kelly, Heidi, Lauren, and Megan claimed the cool sunroom converted into sleeping quarters that was off of the terrace. It was like summer camp all over again, even though my parents never let me go to summer and it was winter outside. It was like winter camp. Once settled into our rooms and our bocadillos eaten up, we started to pop bottles. We left the apartment and went to some random little bar down the street named Moby Dick Club (no it´s not a gay bar, I asked). We played it cas (casual) and made it an early night, arriving home around 3:30 am. Then went straight to bed because we had many touristy things to do the next day!

    (that's Megan and me)

    FRIDAY
    We were woken up around 10:30 pm (just kidding it was am), to a delicious breakfast consisting of a toasted piece of bread, a fried egg, and a piece of tomato. I´ll take it. Probably 20 hours later (because it´s hard to coordinate 12 people ) we left the apartment, jumped on the metro and were ready to hit up some some sights. Our first stop was at the Puerta del Sol which is like the center of Madrid, a huge plaza. It was neat. Next, we trekked on over to the Palacio Real (Royal Palace), which is where the King and Queen used to live, but have since moved and it is now used occasionally for functions. We were able to tour 25 out of the 3,000 rooms. Everything was incredibly intricate and elaborate. It was royaly cool. Ha. We made a stop in the gardens that were off of the palace and snapped some shots. Then, decided it was time to head to Plaza Mayor. On the way, Heidi and I spotted a candy store in this huge all glass market called Mercado de San Miguel. Because we have an addiction to cookies, we had to make a quick stop, little did we know it would turn into the coolest stop EVA. Once, inside we ooh´d and ahh´d like it was nothing we had seen before, because it wasn´t like anything we had seen before. The lame pictures I took don´t do it justice. The building was scattered with booth upon booth, each selling something different. Every direction something new to try. There were duelces (sweets), olivey type things, quesos (cheeses), frutas (fruits), mermeladas (marmelade), pescados (fishes), caviar, pastas, croquetas, jamones. I would go back to Madrid just for that market. That´s a strong statement, but totes (totally) true. After an hour everyone left, but me, Heidi, and Kelly stayed for more or less another another 2 hours. That´s how cool it was. A combination of the welcoming atmosphere, the spanish crowd, and the amazing food is what kept us there for that long.
    A list of things that we comsumed:
    1. Galletas
    2. Sangria
    3. Queso
    4. Pizza
    5. Empanada
    6. Sangria
    7. Mermeladas
    8. Frutas
    9. Caviar
    10. Sangria
    11. Croqueta
    12. Chocolate musse
    ...And we spent around 25 euro...each. All worth it. No doubt.
    We finally were able to pull ourselves away from what we considered heaven to go eat dinner. We weren´t hungry at all though. The group sat down for dinner around 10:00 pm and feasted on a spaghetti type dish with potatas. After dinner, we readied ourselves for what was a crazy night at Kapital, the supa (super) hip, must go to discoteca in Madrid. Arriving at Kapital around midnight, the lined stretched down the street and around the building. The line went fast and so did our money, having to pay an 18 euro cover charge, although it did include 1 free drink. All 7 stories, yes I said 7, of the club were packed! After exploring some of the floors we nestled in on the first & coolest floor. On stage, there were 3 dancers (male & female) covered in what seemed to be olive oil, wearing skimpy outfits, and dancing awkwardly slowly and off beat to the raging techno music. Also, on the first floor you´d be dancing and suddenly you´d hear a low rumble every 20 minutes... it was the cold air cannon about to blast everyone. It was like the moment was frozen in time and everything went hazy and you were pounded with freezing air (which actually was really refreshing). That was our DTF (Down To Fiesta) night which ended early the next morning with a nocilla & galleta binge.

    SATURDAY
    We got up a bit later that day, due to the late night. For breakfast we were treated with pancakes, potatas, y strawberries. We ate outside on the terrace because it was a beautiful day, exchanged stories about the night before and reminisced about the 7 story playground (Kapital). It was muy bien. Right after breakfast, Kelly and I peaced out and got a head start on that day´s sightseeing. We took the metro to Banco del Espana where the BUSIEST INTERSECTION IN MADRID IS LOCATED. It was o u t o f c o n t r o l. (Side Note: There were rusted metal warrior statues and a boat located in Plaza Nueva in Sevilla that symbolized people from Africa coming into Spain illegally or something? I´m not sure. But one day they magically disappeared and no one had any idea where they had gone.) So, we were walking around by the intersection and stumbled upon THE SAME METAL STATUES. They moved to Madrid! Crazy. Anyways, Kelly and I kept walking and went to el Parque del Retiro. It´s this HUGE park with mazey kind of gardens, a lake, and bunch of cafes and street performers surrounding a quaint, little lake with row boaters. We bought some gummies and were enjoying the scenery by the lake when a creepy old man approached us. He had a combover that started from the very back of his head up to the front and it was super gelled down, mismatched buttons on his shirt, and a strange limp. He started talking to us and I pretended like I didn´t understand what he was saying so he´d leave, but he didn´t. We chatted it up with him for awhile, but were then saved by some American boys who are stuyding in Madrid who watched the whole thing go down. They cut in and took over the conversation. Thank goooooodness. It was funny. We then met up with the whole group and went to el museo de Reína Sofía. There are two glass elevators and this is a picture looking up from the bottom. It was a must see contemporary art museum. The main attraction is the "Guernica" by Picasso. Floors 2-4 were neat, but I really like the first floor. The group left to make dinner while Kelly and I explored the 1st floor. It was super obscure contemporary art. The kind that when you look at it you second guess yourself and look for the actual piece of art because those pieces of wood thrown in the corner could never be the exhibit until you look at the sign next to it and it´s entitled "Wood Pile". No lie. Among the strangest things I saw there were exhibts entitled "Storage" which consisted of wood painted different colors stacked in a corner, "Wall" which was a white wall, and "Circualtion" which was a network of plastic piping linked together with water being pumped through it (I´m positive it was an actual exhibit not just plumbing work being done). Also we had the pleasure of watching a "film" called Sprial Jetty by Robert Smithson. S t r a n g e. It was several 1 minute clips put together of the most bizaare things like, dinosaur skeletons at a museum in black/red light, water dripping, the view from the back of a car as it was driving down a road. Think of the most random thing and it was in there. So Kelly and I sat and watched that film for awhile.. I´m not certain why, but it was intriguing, until we got kicked out because the museum was closing. As we proceeded to exit the museum we saw IT. A 2 story white trailer parked out with bumping music and a plethora of people. We had to go check it out, how could you pass it up? This sign was outside of the trailor.. I think it explains how obscure this place was...By the way it was like a temporary/moving art exhibit, not just some creepy trailer we walked into. So we go inside and it´s super comtemporary inside with clean lines, stacked selves with uniform books, and bright lights. We weren´t actually sure what it was at first and were completeley confused. I spotted a staircase and suggested we take a gander at the 2nd floor. Because the staircase was the size of a baby, only 1 person could use it at a time. After waiting for a crowd of 20 to pass (i was so confused as to how that many people fit up there), we took the stairs, which didn´t have a railing (omg), and arrived to the top. Here, there were long desks that stretched the length of the trailer with large hardcover books that were filled with blank pages that people were writing on, the walls were decked out with the most random pictures ever of people and objects. We then spotted the balconies and went outside. After a couple of pictures and exchanges of confusion we decided it had been enough contemporary for 1 night, so we went back downstairs. Once there, we were greeted by a hipster woman carrying a wooden board with 4 drinks on it, she offered 1 to each of us, so we took them! Sipped our gin & tonics, perused the unsualalities (i just made up that word) and peaced out. It was the strangest/coolest thing ever, truly a ball. I´m so happy we stayed when everyone left. Later, we walked around and ventured into a little spanish bar and ordered a glass of wine and ate a piece of cheese on bread. Yum. We then went home, got ready, ate dinner around 12:00 am (as in MIDNIGHT, hahaa), and tried to decide what we wanted to do that night. The majority of the group wanted to go to Joy which was a discoteca similar to Kapital, but not as cool. I most def didn´t want to do that. Everyone knows I can´t keep a beat and I have no rhythm therefore, I hate dancing. Kelly found a popular Pijo (a name given to the preppy Spaniards who wear pastel Ralph Lauren sweaters with striped button ups underneath, you get the point) Bar and she was told by her friend who studied there last semester that the gay neighborhood bars are always a good time. So we mapped out our stops for the pijo and gay bars and thought we´d be on our way. Well on our way out the door, Lauren (one of the girls we were with) and I realized we didn´t have our IDs so we ran back upstairs and got them while Megan and Nick waited for us. We ended up missing the metro so we took a taxi to Joy to meet up with everyone else. The 4 of us got there way before everyone so we stopped at a near by bar to use the bathroom. As soon as we walked in, some young locals immediately said "Giddies están aquí, Giddies están aquí" (a giddy is the name given to americans who are studying abroad in spain). It was really funny. Anyways, we left that bar, met everyone outside of Joy, but weren´t sure if we wanted to go. We (me, Kelly, Megan, and Nick) took a taxi to the Gay Barrio (neighborhood), but at that point it was like 2:30 am and all of the bars were closing so we took a taxi back home. It was a bit of a bust, but oh well.

    SUNDAY
    We woke up around 10:00 am in our cozy sunroom-bedroom to the sun shining in and the pitter patter of rain on our shafty roof. It was soothing. We had to be out of the apartment later that day at 12:30, so we had to quickly clean up, make breakfast, and come up with a game plan for the day (we were taking the 4:00 bus back to Sevilla). We had a tastey french toast breakfast with eggs. It was still raining a bit and we had to carry our huge backpacks around the city, very inconvenient. We made plans to go to the world famous Museo del Prado. Google it. It was really old, classical paintings, but one of those things you have to go to, to say you´ve been there, ya knoow? Anyways we ventured through the network of metros and finally made it to the Prado and had to wait in line for like 20 minutes in the rain with our heavy bags in order to get inside. Once there, we checked our bags and did a quick run through of the museum, only hitting up the really famous paintings. After seeing the boring (just kidding, it was cool) paintings in the Prado we hopped on the Metro and started our journey back to the bus station. Everything was going smoothly until the last stop. Right after we got off of the metro an older woman approached my roommate, Kelly, and was pointing at her purse saying watch your bag, and then pointed to some men speed walking away from us and said those men are dangerous. We all couldn´t make sense of what was happening until Kelly checked her purse and realized that her buckle was undone and a zipper was open. She immediately threw down her luggage and sprinted after the 3 guys. I quickly yelled for 2 of the boys who were with us to go help her. Then, I grabbed her luggage and my friend Lauren and I go to follow them. We make it up an escalator and are faced with 3 different possible ways they may have gone. We choose the way up to the street. Once at the top, we still don´t see anyone. Oh yea.. keep mind that it´s 3:45 and we have a 4:00 bus ticket. We have no idea where they went so we go back down the escalator. My heart was racing, neither of us had minutes on our phones so we couldn´t call either of the 3. The craziest scenerios were playing out in my head. Finally, after a couple of minutes, they appear at the top of the escalator. Their faces show disappointment. We come to find out that they chased the guy out of the Metro and onto the street where they lost him in the crowd! So, he got away with her wallet, but good news that she didn´t have any money in it, only 2 credit cards which she immediately cancelled and 3 forms of indentification. She still had her passport and camera. Lesson learned. And we made it to the bus in time, too. Crazy, crazy, crazy! We finally got home that night around 10:00 pm. We were soooo exhausted from the weekend and immediately went to sleep!

    Overall, Madrid was great!! I had a really good time!! Well worth it!

              The Weekend: February 5th-7th        




    Last weekend we went to Aracena for the day, which is about an hour north of Sevilla. The town was kind of creepy and not too exciting. All of the buildings were white and there were hardly any people in the streets except for old men. But we did see some cool things. We went to el museo de jamòn (soft j) (the ham museum), there were a lot of pictures of ham and even a video about the curation process, but no free samples (I wasn´t complaining though because the jamòn here is a bit different than in the States, by different I mean weird tasting..). Now, the really cool thing that I saw in Aracena.. THE CAVES! They may be the coolest thing I have seen IN MY ENTIRE LIFE. OMG. But really they were extremely interesting. We weren´t allowed to take pictures inside the caves because it would interrupt the stalactite-ing, ya know? Being the BA that I am, I snapped a shot. Oh hey.


    The pueblos






    A plaza that was abandoned. Somewhat sketchy
    More pictures of the city

    On the train ride up to the top of the mountain we were seriously like a foot from the edge of a huge cliff. one wrong move and it could've been deadly..


    A nice picture of me on top of the mountain!



    Totes took this picture illegally, but it´s the only one I took because I was too afraid of getting yelled at in Spanish.




    This one is from the internet. But I totally walked where that railing is!




    This is the mueso del jamon. These are just a few hams. Imagine walking into a little bar and the ceiling is lined with millions of these legs. it makes for a unique atmosphere




    So, the next day a group of 8 of us rented 2 paddle boats and boated around the river for an hour. It was fun!



    Later that day we came here. Plaza del Salvador. It's a super cool plaza right across from our school. It's kind of everyone who's anyone's hang out at night. If ya know what I mean.





              Europe Forecast: Hot in the south - Thundery central areas, Aug 10 - 10:13        

    Staying hot in southern Europe with thunderstorms in central areas Thursday Dry weather continues across Iberia - hot in south-west Spain and Portugal. Slack low pressure over western Europe brings cool and unsettled weather - areas of heavy rain and thunderstorms for France, the Low Countries and Germany, although the Riviera and also Brittany may escape dry. Thundery rain too for the Alps, and a few showers possible for northern-central Italy. Hot and dry for southern Italy, Greece and areas near the Black Sea. Scorching temperatures for the Balkan states, Hungary and Slovakia, also south-eastern Poland, topping 40C. A risk of severe thunderstorms developing and spreading from Austria to the Czech Republic and also across southern Poland. Areas of thundery rain for the Baltic states and Finland, whilst southern Scandinavia should stay dry.

    Friday Fine and dry across Portugal and Spain today, feeling hot too. More hot and dry weather in the Balearics and the hot weather persists over Italy. Greece and Turkey will be remaining dry with more sunshine and staying hot. Fine with sunny spells in western France although the risk of some thunderstorms developing in the east. Sunny spells and an odd shower in the Low Countries. Heavy showers across Germany and Poland some of this heavy. Austria, Hungary and Switzerland will have thunderstorms. Fair for Denmark with sunny spells here. Fair for the Baltic States with sunny spells here. Staying dry in Finland with more sunny spells. Remaining fair across Sweden whilst some rain arrives in western Norway.


              Underworld: Toro        
    According to in-film news reports, tourism in Andalusia is at an all-time high, but so are unemployment claims. How very Spain. Romano the mob kingpin can relate to both stories. Business is way down at the restaurants he controls, because his former protégé Toro is steering tourists away from the restaurants he controls during his work-release as a cab driver. Toro’s brother López is still part of Romano’s syndicate, but he has been skimming more than a few paella customers. When López’s luck runs out, his brother will reluctantly risk his early parole to help him in Kike Maíllo’s Toro (trailer here), which screens during the AFI Silver Theatre’s Underworld retrospective of crime films from around the world.

    There was something fishy about the night Toro was busted and his partner was shot dead by the cops. López was also with them, but he walked away clean. Five years later, Toro has turned his back on crime, driving tourists (away from Romano’s establishments) and seriously dating an understanding school teacher, until the midnight hour.

    As usual, López messes up everything. Toro probably would not have gotten involved had Romano not abducted his niece, Diana. He hardly knows her, but he knows she is a good kid. What begins as a rescue mission evolves into an exercise in payback when Toro learns that bullet from five years ago was really meant for him. He is so well acquainted with Romano (and vice versa), his vendetta will inevitably get very ugly.

    The fundamental structure of screenwriters Rafael Cobos & Fernando Navarro’s narrative is in keeping with long-established gangster movie conventions, but it gets vicious on a personal level in ways Hollywood would not be comfortable with. However, if you can handle a spot of violence, it sure is slick and pacey. Toro might not do much for tourism, but Maíllo capitalizes on the region’s distinctive modernist architecture, particularly the long, circular internal and external staircases that seem to be a hallmark of Andalusian Brutalism.

    As Toro, Mario Casas is a bit vanilla in the first act, but he seethes like a champ when his character gets riled up. Even diehard fans of Spanish cinema have probably never seen Luis Tosar as sleazy as he is playing López. Teenage Claudia Canal shows future movie star potential as the tomboyish Diana, while the veteran thesp José Sacristán chews the scenery like he owns it as the despicable Romano.

    Next time you are in Andalusia, you might wonder about the power struggles that put the shrimp on your plate. Don’t let that stop you, because its surely delicious. This film also has a fair amount of spice to it too (yet, the very best films in the Underworld series hail from Asia, such as A Hard Day, I am not Madame Bovary, The Handmaiden, and Black Coal, Thin Ice). Recommended for fans of gangster revenge thrillers, Toro screens this Tuesday (8/8) at the AFI Silver Theatre, just south of the Beltway.
              Film Review: NATION AFLAME (1937, Victor Halperin)        


    Stars: 4 of 5.
    Running Time: 74 minutes.
    Notable Cast or Crew: Directed by Victor Halperin (WHITE ZOMBIE, PARTY GIRL). Story by Thomas Dixon, Jr. (THE BIRTH OF A NATION, MARK OF THE BEAST). Starring Noel Madison ('G' MEN), Lila Lee (BLOOD AND SAND, THE UNHOLY THREE), Harry Holman (MEET JOHN DOE, BARBARY COAST), and Douglas Walton (MURDER MY SWEET, BRIDE OF FRANKENSTEIN).
    Tag-lines: "Exposé of a Hooded Menace!"
    Best one-liner(s): "Boy, the suckers will eat it up!"

    In what's coming to be a regular feature of this blog, I find myself writing about American hate groups, fascists, and their cinematic depictions. Today's film happens to be written by Thomas Dixon, Jr., whose early novels celebrated hate and formed the basis for the racist, denialist 1915 epic THE BIRTH OF A NATION, which casts the Ku Klux Klan as the heroic saviors of the South during the "dark days" of Reconstruction.

    However, sometime in the 1930s (upon witnessing the revived Klan and the rise of European fascism) Dixon underwent an apparent evolution of character. In NATION AFLAME, his final work, he delivers a formidable condemnation of the Klan, American Nazism, xenophobia, and political hucksterism that's more than worthy of our attention in 2017. If Thomas Dixon's mind can be changed––a mind that was directly responsible for the second wave of the Klan in the 1920s––then truly the sky is the limit: NATION AFLAME is as remarkable in this aspect as it would be if Steve Bannon were suddenly to produce a film denouncing the white nationalist movement.

    Allow me to begin by offering a rundown of the plot, which unfolds with the simplicity of a fable across a slim, 74-minute runtime.

    Enter: Roland Adams, the political huckster. A rich, aging clown-prince who has a certain way with crowds, and rules them with the wave of his jester-faced scepter: he wears the absurdity of this persona as a badge of pride.

    With his eldest daughter reining in his more outrageous peccadillos, Adams once was Mayor of a typical middle-American city.

    Against his daughter's wishes, however, he has made some dangerous friends; career criminals who know that the the huckster's power over the uneducated mob can be exploited, a fast lane to power and riches. His new right hand man is an Italian immigrant named Sandino who has re-fashioned himself as "Sands," and, in a believably hypocritical path to personal agency, becomes a true master of the xenophobic rhetoric that was once leveled against his friends and family.

    He becomes Adams' brain, his attack-dog, his Richelieu. Adams' daughter has very little power over him now, though it pleases her to pretend. Sands and Adams make their xenophobic, "America First" pitch at a political cocktail party, and while it fails to impress the intelligentsia, the seeds are planted for a Populist campaign. The following clip is well worth watching:
    And so the Avenging Angels are formed; a "grassroots" organization subsidized by gangsters and protected by corrupt politicians, whose members wear black hoods (patterned after the Black Legion and the second-wave Klan) and commit acts of political, racial, and anti-intellectual violence.

     Sands lays out their mission in a manner that is straightforward and unfortunately prescient:
    "The only way that we can save the youth of our nation is to organize them in one single group, and through them, enforce the precepts of 100% Americanism! Corruption and politics must go! Civic virtue and patriotism must be our goals! We must enforce a reverence for our flag and our Constitution!  And what is more, protect our American womanhood, and guard the sanctity of our homes! We must guarantee that the wealth of America must be shared only by real Americans! To maintain and declare absolute boycott against foreigners is our only salvation!"
    We are treated to extensive scenes of Adams, Sands, and their cronies practicing their bluster as an acting exercise, repeating the same lines over and over again until they feel they've attained the proper patriotic fervency.


    "Boy, the suckers will eat it up!" says Adams. And they do. The gang is able to enrich themselves financially and politically, selling Avenging Angels memberships and apparel for $25 a pop.


    "For twenty-five dollars, be true Americans!"

    It should come as no surprise that Adams rides this wave of hate to ascend to a fresh political office: the Governorship. Under his rule, and amid a mosaic of domestic terrorism, the Avenging Angels beat to death reporters who dare to criticize them.

    Now Governor Adams has the Oval Office in his sights, an idea planted by Sands, who grows more power-hungry by the day. Sands doesn't care much about the scandals and inquiries piling up at the Governor's doorstep, because he operates in secrecy and will still wield the full power of the Avenging Angels no matter Adams' fate. Adams' daughter makes regular visits to his office in an attempt to save his soul:

    "Daddy, I'd rather see you resign than be impeached," she says...

    But Sands always visits afterward, and the Governor happens to be the kind of man to take the advice he's heard most recently.

    With political opponents closing in, Adams eventually decides to buck his gang and forge his own path. This, unfortunately, is short-lived as he is immediately assassinated by Avenging Angels who, at Sands' insistence, believe he has betrayed them.



    Governor Adams is dead, his jester-faced scepter smashed. And the power of the Angels lives on, vindicated by the destruction of those who were not pure enough; those who were less than "100% American."

    Adams' daughter aligns herself with the Angels' progressive foes and is burned in effigy amid growing misogynistic rhetoric.


    Fearing her reputation already ruined, she sacrifices her remaining stature to take out Sands, entrapping him in a sex scandal that, in 1937, proves to be enough to sink the Avenging Angels for good. The end.

    For me, NATION AFLAME film can only reframe Dixon's body of work, not rehabilitate it. However, like other films of the era such as BLACK LEGION and LEGION OF TERROR, it is very much the product of 1930s American Progressivism, fearful of fascist movements in Germany, Italy, and Spain worming their way into the American South and Midwest. That it comes to us courtesy of a man who never would have described himself as a progressive, and in fact publicly wore the mantle of "white supremacist," is staggering. I suppose this is evidence that even the harshest, most monstrous ideologue can have a breaking point: a crisis of conscience. This is something we must bear in mind.
              Will E.U. Court's Privacy Ruling Break the Internet?        

    In 2012, a bevy of internet companies and web sites waged a successful campaign against bills in Congress -- the PROTECT IP Act and Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) --  meant to combat copyright privacy. In the face of this opposition, the proposals were dropped (although their legacy survives). One of the major claims by the opponents was that the bills would "break the Internet" by requiring the disabling of URLs and removal of online links to sites that include unauthorized uses of copyrighted materials (although not all agreed with this assessment).

    Now, the European Court of Justice has issued a decision (summary) that could require search engines to remove links to online information about individuals that is "no longer necessary in the light of the purposes for which they were collected or processed." The court's decision does not discuss how the removal of these links should be accomplished.

    The court's decision stemmed from a case brought by Spanish citizen Mario Costeja González, seeking removal from a newspaper's web site images of pages from January and March 1998 that included announcements for a real estate auction stemming from attachment proceedings for the recovery of social security debts owed by Costeja González. He complained to Spain's Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (Spanish Data Protection Agency; AEPD) (Spanish site; English resources), seeking removal of the information from the paper's website and from Google's search results.

    AEPD held that the newspaper need not remove the material, since it published it under a legal directive. But it upheld the complaint against Google, saying that Costeja González had the right to shield the information from public view via the search engine. Google appealed to Spain's Audiencia Nacional (National High Court). That court sought an advisory opinion from the European Court of Justice -- the highest court in the European Union -- regarding the applicability of EU privacy laws to the case.

    European law embodies a concept of privacy that is in many ways alien to American law, and would be unconstitutional under our First Amendment. This includes a right to bar or recover for publication of true but "private" information that is readily available publicly, and a right to shield dated information, often referred to as a "right to be forgotten."

    The question before the court was whether the EU directive embodying these notions (Directive 95/46) applied to Google. This, in turn, depended on whether Google could be considered a content provider. The court held that it was, even though the information that Google collects and displays in its search results is already published online by someone else. Since Google is a content provider, the court held, it is obliged to follow the privacy directive.

    Inasmuch as the activity of a search engine is therefore liable to affect significantly, and additionally compared with that of the publishers of websites, the fundamental rights to privacy and to the protection of personal data, the operator of the search engine as the person determining the purposes and means of that activity must ensure, within the framework of its responsibilities, powers and capabilities, that the activity meets the requirements of Directive 95/46 in order that the guarantees laid down by the directive may have full effect and that effective and complete protection of data subjects, in particular of their right to privacy, may actually be achieved.

    Google Spain SL v. Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD), Case C‑131/12 (E.C.R. May 13, 2014), para. 38.

    The court also ruled that Google was subject to Spain's jurisdiction, including its law applying Directive 95/46, because of Google's web site directed at the country (www.google.es). The court rejected Google's argument that it was Google, Inc., in the United States that performed the indexing and search functions at issue, rather than the Spanish subsidiary: "Since that display of results is accompanied, on the same page, by the display of advertising linked to the search terms, it is clear that the processing of personal data in question is carried out in the context of the commercial and advertising activity of the controller’s establishment on the territory of a Member State, in this instance Spanish territory." Id., para. 57.

    After finding that the directive applies to Google, the court held that the search engine could be ordered to remove links to the objectionable material from search results for Costeja González's name.

    [I]n order to comply with the rights laid down in those provisions and in so far as the conditions laid down by those provisions are in fact satisfied, the operator of a search engine is obliged to remove from the list of results displayed following a search made on the basis of a person’s name links to web pages, published by third parties and containing information relating to that person, also in a case where that name or information is not erased beforehand or simultaneously from those web pages, and even, as the case may be, when its publication in itself on those pages is lawful.

    Id., para. 88.

    The irony -- expressed in the last sentence above -- is that the court also observed that the newspaper that posted the notices of the auctions in the first place could not be required to remove those postings because they were published "solely for journalistic purposes," which is included within "the right to receive and impart information" guaranteed in Article 10 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and referenced in the directive.

    The court justified the different treatment of the newspaper and Google by staing that "first, the legitimate interests justifying the processing may be different [for the newspaper and the search engine] and, second, the consequences of the processing for the data subject, and in particular for his private life, are not necessarily the same." Id., para. 86.

    Indeed, since the inclusion in the list of results, displayed following a search made on the basis of a person’s name, of a web page and of the information contained on it relating to that person makes access to that information appreciably easier for any internet user making a search in respect of the person concerned and may play a decisive role in the dissemination of that information, it is liable to constitute a more significant interference with the data subject’s fundamental right to privacy than the publication on the web page.

    Id., para. 87 (emphasis added).

    The court acknowledges that these "rights override ..., not only the economic interest of the operator of the search engine but also the interest of the general public in finding that information upon a search relating to the data subject’s name. "  Id., para. 97. The court adds that this may not be true in the case of a promient person in public life, which may mean that the public interest in disclosure would outweigh that person's right to privacy.

    But since Costeja González is not a public person, he may request removal of the articles from Google's search results even though he cannot request removal of the same articles from the newspaper's website. Again, this would not be the case under United States law, regardless of the plaintiff's status as a private or public figure. In the U.S., privacy law generally does not provide a remedy for the dissemination of true information that is already publicly available; moreover, the compelled removal of such information would raise serious issues under the First Amendment as prior restraints on speech.

    The case now returns to the Spanish Audiencia Nacional for a specific decision in Costeja González's case, which can be appealed to Spain's Supreme Court. But the EU court's decision is binding on member states of the European Union, and could lead to more efforts by Europeans to have embarrassing or other material removed from web search results, even when the original site containing the material has no obligation to remove it.

    Google has stated that it is "analys[ing] the implications" of the ECJ ruling, but requiring the modification of search results in response to what will likely be a flood of complaints from residents of EU countries puts Google in the difficult (if not impossible) position of either managing these complaints at significant cost or taking a blunderbuss approach to removal of content. And would such results persist outside the EU? Content filtering by country is not a new concept, but this ruling has the potential to create a dramatically different Internet in Europe.

    There could also be a significant impact on the news organizations that, as the ECJ acknowledges, have the right to publish this information. The ECJ, in its ad hoc balancing of interests, seems blind to the fact that news organizations depend on search engines and other online intermediaries in order to reach their audiences. Allowing the subjects of news coverage to use these intermediaries as a choke point because the intermediaries are not themselves journalists threatens the primary benefit of the Internet -- namely, the networked dissemination of information.

    Operating on the Internet has always posed challenges in complying with the laws of multiple countries. Search engines in particular have had problems in the past dealing with Great Britain's privacy laws, France's laws against Nazi memorabilia, and China's web restrictions. But this ruling by the European Court of Justice might just be the straw that breaks the camel's -- or the Internet's -- back.

    Eric P. Robinson is co-director of the Program in Press, Law and Democracy at the Manship School of Mass Communication at Louisiana State University. He has taught media law and ethics at the CUNY Graduate School of Journalism, Baruch College, and the University of Nevada, Reno, where he was also Deputy Director of the Donald W. Reynolds Center for Courts and Media. He has also been a  staff attorney at the Media Law Resource Center and a legal fellow at the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press. In addition to his posts here, he maintains his own blog at bloglawonline.com.

    (Image courtesy of Flickr user The.Rohit pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-NC 2.0 license.)

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    Jurisdiction: 


              Britain in the Ashtray        


    "...Let it simply be said that Notes on a Scandal shows a kind of genius. That genius lies in the completeness with which it reveals a society as free from all ethical moorings - as free even from the vaguest recollection of ethical moorings - as Weimar Republican Berlin. Apart from two minor characters (Stephen’s bewildered father, and a briefly glimpsed veterinary surgeon who attends to Barbara’s cat), the only figure capable of behaving like an adult is Barbara. And she herself soon comes to take an unhealthy interest, possibly erotic, in Sheba. The difference is that she realizes the interest’s unhealthiness, and labors to abide by a moral code that she did not simply filch from last month’s number of Marie-Claire. Such labors make her as undesirable a freak, to her colleagues, as if she were Jane Austen. Therefore she must be punished with the full rigor of BoBo justice, where the Nanny State’s law counts for everything and the wider natural law counts for nothing; where friendships are ended not by grown-up discussion, but by the issuance of restraining orders; where being a narcissistic little girl trapped in a fortyish art teacher’s body is considered, not a disgrace to adulthood, but a valid lifestyle choice.

    There is no reason to suppose that this near-perfect depiction of nihilism exaggerates, in any way, the quotidian horror of Britain under Blair. There is every reason to suppose that, if anything, it understates such horror. The British dispatches from Theodore Dalrymple, Peter Hitchens, and Geoffrey Wheatcroft regularly convey to us a land as unrecognizable from its 1970s self (some of us remember that self from our youth) as today’s Spain is from Franco’s. Note that to perceive Britain’s current thoroughgoing civilizational corruption, we need not even behold Blairism’s most specific miseries: the exorbitant crime rates that have ineluctably resulted from gun control; the inundation of every British metropolis under Islam’s tide; the home-grown terrorists; or the same-sex “civil union” bill that a putatively Christian Queen Elizabeth II signed into law. Notes on a Scandal leaves these unmentioned. They would be irrelevant. Sheba Hart’s environment is, heaven help us, the comparatively amiable face of modern Britain. Orwell’s words remain apposite:

    “Emancipation is complete. Freud and Machiavelli have reached the outer suburbs ... one is driven to feel that snobbishness, like hypocrisy, is a check upon behavior whose value from a social point of view has been underrated.”..."


              Peak White Man        
    As published at OpEd News, Unz Review and Intrepid Report, 8/7/17:





    In a few hours, I'll fly to Europe, my favorite continent, and why not? Most of my intellectual and artistic heroes are Europeans, Kakfa, Beckmann, Kippenberger, Siebald, Rabelais, Rimbaud, Celine, Orwell, Kundera, Dostoievsky and Milosz, etc. I've spent significant time in Italy, England and Germany, and have fond memories of a least a dozen other European countries, all very distinctive from each other. Still.

    White culture has dominated much of the world for several centuries, but it is winding down through self hatred. The white left mostly hate whites, while most of the white right are contemptuous of everybody else. Half of whites, then, hate the other half, and contemporary white culture is a degraded mess. Think Katy Perry being breaded, kneaded, garnished then cooked. Free of war and colonialism, whites are doing a fine job of destroying themselves.

    Many are cheering. It's about time! Susan Sontag in 1967, "The white race is the cancer of human history; it is the white race and it alone—its ideologies and inventions—which eradicates autonomous civilizations wherever it spreads, which has upset the ecological balance of the planet, which now threatens the very existence of life itself."

    After white hegemony comes Chinese leadership, many whites themselves are hoping. When I was in Leipzig in 2015, a German friend insisted that the Chinese were lifting up the Third World. It was a constructive partnership, he said, unlike murderously exploitative white colonialism. Often citing Andre Vltchek, this man believed that a resurgent Communism would be led by Russia and China. He didn't care for my observation that the Russians and Chinese had regained their footing, confidence and compass thanks to nationalism. Nationalism is reactionary, he believed. He himself didn't feel German and could care less for the concept. Most tellingly, this man had never been outside Germany. He didn't know how grounded to Germany he was.

    No population anywhere needs a global ideology. Not only is global solidarity unachievable, but undesirable.

    Bereft of a homeland, many Jews dreamt of a international brotherhood, thus the nightmarish chimera of Communism, which is defended to this day by the most emotionally arrested, historically amnesiac or simply hypocritical. Many who extol the virtues of international Communism will also rabidly defend the ultra nationalist and racist state of Israel.

    In the popular mind, the evilness of white culture is epitomized by Nazi Germany, with Germans forever stigmatized as the worst of whites. Contemporary Germany, however, is one that supposedly allowed 500+ German women to be sexually assaulted by Muslims in Cologne during New Year's Eve of 2016. Germany is really that neutered, goes the narrative.

    Perhaps emboldened by such, Vietnam recently kidnapped a Vietnamese asylum seeker from the Tiergarten, right in the heart of Berlin, then smuggled him back to Hanoi to stand trial. A former head of the state-owned oil company, Trinh Xuan Thanh is accused of pinching $150 million. Maybe Turkey will follow suit and snatch a few of Edorgan's enemies?

    I'll be in Barcelona by morning. Emerging from the train onto the Placa de Catalunya in 2003, I encountered so many Africans and Chinese peddling goods, I thought I was in, well, Naples or Belleville in Paris. My mind has been in Spain for weeks. Reading Spanish newspapers, I learnt that a Senegalese had been beaten to death by four other Africans in Salou, just a 15 minute drive from Taragona, where I'll be staying with Jonathan Revusky.

    In Salou in 2015, a Senegalese peddler of pirated DVDs, counterfeit sunglasses and fake handbags jumped to his death from a third floor balcony as police raided his apartment. This led to two days of clashes between 100+ Senegalese and police.

    In Florence more than a decade ago, I often ran into Africans selling bogus goods made by Chinese, often in nearby Prato. With a population of 191,104, it has 45,000 Chinese.

    Taragona and Bacerlona Provinces are 10% Muslims, the highest in Spain. In Reus, a law was passed in 2014 banning burquas. When it was struck down by the Spanish Supreme Court, this code was revised to ban all full-face coverings, so you best not loiter in the Reus McDonald's while wearing a motorcycle helmet, baclava or facekini.

    I read that in Pizarra, population 8,990, a three-year-old girl was hit by a train. What's most remarkable is that as news of her disappearance spread around midnight, 300 locals immediately volunteered to search for her. That's the kind of small town Europe I remember, having spent two years in Certaldo, Italy, population 16,000.

    You see, where every stone tells a story, people are ardently loyal to their home turf. Shared history matters. Strip malls don't. Europe will only be saved if the American empire, with its corrosive ideologies and madnesses, collapses, and this will happen soon enough. There is hope.





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    Aparment buildings--Passyun Square








    My wife and I live in the building on the right, in a second floor apartment, with two windows. We've been here for more than a decade.

    I haven't been writing much because I've been busy learning Spanish via Duolingo. On Tuesday, I'll fly to Spain, where I'll be a guest of Jonathan Revusky for a month. There will be much to write about. We're particularly interested in the Muslim situation in Europe.



    .
              Spain: Young people met with the motto "Go looking for Jesus who loves you ... who follows you"        

    Between July 20th and 23rd, we met a group of young people from different provinces of Cuba and several Servants of San José to live together, share, work and deepen in following Jesus...


              My Favourite Game at Salute        
    I thought the 54mm Napoleonic game laid on by Victrix, looked absolutely stunning (all pictures clickable).


    It was clearly set somewhere in Spain, with a stream running down the centre of the table, and some stunning  scratch-build buildings.


    There were a couple of hundred figures a side, mostly from the Victrix ranges, but also a few that I think are Italieri.  They used a simple set of Victrix rules.


    The figures were organised into battalions, each 20 or so strong, each figure mounted on a 40mm base (I'd have been tempted to use 30mm frontage, but that's just me).


    Above, there was a pretty Portuguese battalion on the British left.

    The French, below, looked splendid.  That's a converged Grenadier battalion in the foreground.  THe second photo has a converged battalion of Voltiguers,



    The French columns were screened by Voltiguers.  The column on the right was Italian.


    Shown below, there was a pretty column of red-coated Swiss, marching though a village.



    Finally, below is a very striking unit of Italieri Malmelukes.


    I didn't hear about prizes, but if this participation game didn't win anything, I'd be very disappointed!  Much kudos to Victrix.  

              Jeune Garde Tirailleurs (1er Bn., 2eme Regiment)        
    This is my first Young Guard regiment, the 1er Bn. of the 2eme Regiment de Tirailleurs.  The uniforms are based on a plate in the Hortoulle "Soldiers and Uniforms of the Napoleonic Wars", showing Tirailleurs and Voltiguers on campaign in Spain in 1809/10, based on period drawings.  I particularly like the greatcoats in brown Spanish cloth, trimmed with red piping.  Do have a click!


    All the minis are plastic Perrys, except for the metal standard bearer.  I suspect that the mounted officer is converted from a Dragoon officer; he’s lovely!  The fanion is GMB.


    All the minis were painted for me by Dave Davies, who did such a splendid job that I’ve barely touched them (I just muddied the hems of the greatcoats up a little, to match the rest of my Garde), and based them.  I have a couple more battalions to base, and I’m trying to coax one more battalion out of Dave to make a brigade... his painting is exceptional!

              Emilio Jiménez Photography        
    Emilio Jiménez is a freelance photographer currently based in Madrid, Spain. + Tumblr.


              Where the resposibility starts? Is a child responsible?        
    I mentioned the brutal and ruthless experiments the Old man supported back than. There was a guy who tortured children in the womb by piking them with a needle. As I investigated this case I figured out that he had different responses out of these unborn babies. Some of them tried to get away from the needle and some of them did not do anything. I tried to track down a few of these children and their parents. I managed to find one and his parents who did nothing and an other one who fought back. The one who did nothing died early but his parents where still alive. The other one played Virág... Now the first one was an unwanted child, he got some love but he was conceived accidentally. The other one was a wanted child and got true love but harsh circumstances followed after, and even within these kind of multiple effect pack she still fights and has a strong will to live. At least until last time I met her.
    So the responsibility starts with the parents. A man and a woman. We are responsible first in having sex with each other. Having sex for joy is not bad thing but whenever we have sex - man and woman - there is a chance to get the fruit of it. If we do not consider this chance and do not accept it we do our damage and the child is more likely to become the same careless irresponsible crap like all the today's leaders and masses are. An asshole. The more we do not care afterwards the conceived yet unborn and than born children will become more brutal, careless and be willing to serve the culture of death and distraction, deception. And the more they will not be willing to take any kind of responsibilities. It all starts there. Now this was explained by me several times when I talked about porn and the sexual boundaries and the rules shown to us by nature.
    Having sex is a responsibility. And those who just use it and take no responsibility those children will be the recruits of the death and distraction culture, money power and satanic cultures. Nature allows us to do bad, but always shows the right way and always gives us the bill when it is due. Many times the bill for these kind of irresponsible sex actions become due in later generations, but they always come as very very heavy consequences.
    Now when the man and the woman has sex together joyfully and they accept the fruit there is only to take this kind of responsibility and turn it into action by giving support, protection and true love by action which means physical, emotional, mental actions taken closer to the true being always honest, drawing healthy boundaries, leaving space to explore, learn, feeding, shelter, true listening, curiousness toward the child and the parents duty are done. The responsibility of a child starts at the time he or she is conceived. He or she cannot be responsible for these thing mentioned above, he or she cannot feed itself on it's own... and so on but he and she has the responsibility of general life duties like wanting to live, learning, exploring, being stiff to stick to the true things and by learning they will have to take more and more responsibilities. When they are able to feed themselves they have to do that. This is their responsibility. When they feel something is wrong they have to learn how to communicate it toward the others. They have to learn what is true love and what is not.
    There is a moment in very early age where children do sense if someone lies to them or want to do bad things to them. There are moments when they realise even in the most brutal conditions that this is not right what is done to them or it is not right what they do to others. These moments are the decision points where it get fixed which way an individual takes. the more times You lie to yourself and do bad against your born with compass the more you become the servants of death and satanic money world. Children conceived and born into the most brutal and ruthless and mind braking conditions can feel, learn, sense, get in the know that something is wrong and they do get conscious about these to some level. And they have to make decisions afterwards. Some children never get to the point when they would become able to make any type of decision on their own because they where born into a mind prison and being controlled from the outside. Those are lost but from help from the outside even they can become responsible and powerful healthy adults. So there is responsibility from start.
    It seems to me like this responsibility does not end where a human life ends and does not start where a human life starts. Seems like it is a shared and continuously maintained thing between generations.
    But to the irresponsible the deed can be forced taken, when you can prove the consciousness knowledge about the resposibility comes with a decision followed by action. In the moment someone know what the consequences are after an action and how does it effects the outside world and the inside world... the boundaries have to be forced and the resposibility taken. I don't mean punishment. I think punishing someone does shit. I mean amendments and reparation, financial, physical, action taken. That does something at least gives some or full relese to the dameged party. And of course there are of those who take a shit on everything and will not care about much - now those have to be treated by those who do care to the level where they cause the damege or would be causeing the damege in the future if they continue.
    Responsibility has diferent levels. This difference is there to everyone who is in the know. Action taken or not taken is your resposibility.
    ---
    "Egyszer úgyis elkapják majd  őket vele, le fognak bukni." mondom Chipnek
    "Megszervezem é!" mondja ő.
    "Nem ne tedd meg."
    "Miért? Úgy hamarabb kijön és ha én szervezem meg akkor biztosan túlélik."
    "Nem. Ha megteszed akkor elveszítedd őket. Szükséged lesz rájuk és így is úgy is megtörténik. Ezt nem kell nekünk megtennünk ezek a szarházik elég jók az ilyesmiben hagyd rájuk."
    Air combat controller special forces
    ---
    Chip-Chic Spain.
    Chip jó. Leírom mert most már fontosnak érzem. Sokszor kitolt velem, de ő tényleg azt csinálja amiben megegyeztünk. Kellett a cover sokáig, hogy úgy tegyen mintha velük lenne a szarházikkal - mára ezek számára egyértelművé vált hogy nem osztja a nézeteiket. Ez a fazon aki a Ferrybridge-et birtokolta előttem eljátszotta hogy ő szakított a családi hagyományokkal de titokban soha se tette ezt. Arra számított, hogy velem felhúzhatja majd a gyáraiban a melósok teljesítményét. Pontosan azt a stratégiát követte és követi amit a családja évszázadok óta csinál. Támad mindenkit aki a rabszolgatartó rendszeren átlát vagy ellene szegül, és kezdetben egészen kiváló fizetéseket kínálva leszorítja a bevételeket a haverjaival a létminimum környékére hogy a melós rabszolga agyában semmi másnak ne maradjon hely és csak azért dolgozzon hogy holnap is tudjon dolgozni. Ennek a nagymestere ő de most már nem sokáig. A stratégia viszont kint van. A halálával nem fog megoldódni ez a probléma.
    Kidolgoztunk egy pár megoldást - vagyis kidolgoztam én egy pár megoldást a visszafordíthatatlan problémákra, de ezt magunkkal visszük a sírba. Akik a legjobbak közé tartoznak azok nem fognak erről semmit se elárulni csak a kamu hülyeségeket amiket álcának kitaláltam és amit egyik se fog tudni megvalósítani mert hülyeségek. Elsőre jónak tűnnek de marhaságok. Ezekre mi csak akkor fogunk emlékezni amikor szükség lesz rá és a többi szarházi már mind megdöglött. Kevesen tudják min dolgoztam és még kevesebben értik pontosan és azok soha nem fognak beszélni, mert önként törölték az emlékezetüket lézeresen.
    A szarházik hodrája mégis épít erre, hülyítik a rendszerük alsó rétegét ezekkel a dolgokkal bár most már ez se megy olyan könnyen mert az alsó rétegek is kezdenek gondolkodni és saját kutatásaikat elvégezni, mert már kezdik megtanulni hogy felülről csak olyat kapnak ami vagy butított vagy teljesen képtelen hülyeség ami látszólag kivitelezhető dolog. Átverik őket. S mivel a szarházik rendszerében előrébb akarnak jutni a szarházik és éélni akarnak, védelmet, biztonságot - kénytelenek elvégezni a maguk kutatásait. Ebben sokat segítettem is nekik és ezt érdemes folytatni is, hogy lássanak csak át a "nagyok" trükkjein és hazugságain.
    Chip részben azért tette be a saját biztosítékát, mert ezzel jelezni kívánta nekem hogy ez az a csávó és arra használ hogy felhúzza a melósok teljesítményét, ugyanazért a pénzért. Ő birtokolja a Banbury gyárat is, és sok más céget. A keze nyoma viszont sokkal több helyen megtalálható.
    Jutalma halál. De borzalmas halál. Most már leírom, mert fölösleges játszani tovább a kétkapus politikát. Chip lebukott náluk átlátnak a szitán. Miután ő maga nyírta ki a legjobb embereiket itt azután már nem tudja tovább fedezni magát előttük. Azért írom le hogy a többiek is tudják akik nem látnak át ilyen mélységeiben a szitán.
    Közben elment melletem egy kétlábú és hirtelen azt éreztem hogy már semmi közöm ezekhez. Kegyetlennek kell lennünk velük szemben, ők már döntöttek: a fosztogató rendszer szolgái akarnak lenni és mint ilyenek hagyni fogjuk őket elpusztulni sőt meg is öljük őket amikor nem figyel oda senki. Kapnak egy másik szarházit a helyükre aki pontosan ugyanúgy eljátssza a szerepüket és később kivezetjük a holtak közé.A helyettesítő kugli meg mehet máshová helyettesíteni.
    Azt mondtam nekik igen, hogy támadjanak dühömben, elkeseredettségemben és ők örömmel teszik ezt. A szarházik örömmel vetették magukat a pozícióba ahonnan engem támadnak és mindent ellopnak, mert ezt a régi rendszer nem csak örömel veszi hanem jutalmazza is. Ez könnyebb volt mint segíteni. Nos ők sem élvezhetik a segítségünket tovább. Akik tovább folytatják ezt a politikát azok magukra maradnak mi nem segítünk nekik többet a leszármazottaikkal együt sem. kénytelenek vagyunk ezt tenni. Ha van egy kis eszed akkor te is így cselekszel. A régieket is le kell vágni az infó feedről, mehetnek azokhoz akiket szolgálnak. Nem sok van már életben akik eredetileg ilyen politikátval odadörgölőztek hozzájuk, miközben túlságosan jók voltak ahhoz hogy életben maradhassanak mellettük. Ugyanis akik jobbak mint ők azokat kinyírják. Ha nem vagy jobb mint ők akkor életben hagynak, ha közel olyan jó vagy mint ők akkor nagyon keményen rád szállnak. Sokan elkövették azt a hibát hogy odadörgölőztek abban a reményben hogy majd ide is oda is dörgölőznek és itt is ott is segítenek és közben jól élhetnek viszonylagos jólétben. Nos ez nem így működik. miután jeleztem a többieknek ezek közül a legtöbben kívül találták magukat a mi köreinken visszavontuk a védelmet és sok meg is halt gyorsan, néhányan később sokuk pedig kezdi érezni a viszonylagos jólét árát, kezdenek tőlük egyre többet követelni és egyre súlyosabb árakat kérni. Persze hallgatnak. Tudják hogy felénk nincs visszaút, a bizalom nem vásárolható meg és nincs fölösleges erőforrásunk arra hogy szarházikat védjünk. Ők meghalnak. A szarházi rendszer szolgáiként halnak meg az utódaikkal együtt - feltéve ha ők másképp nem döntenek.
    Nekik nincs semmi a kezükben amivel meg tudnák állítani a pusztulást. Nekünk sincs, de én kidogoztam egy pár megoldást amivel túl tudjuk élni a pusztulást és újrakezdhetjük az életünket - de oda nem jöhet velünk senki aki nem tett a célunkért nyíltan kint mindenki szeme láttára folyamatosan és biztos kézzel. Kamuzó rengeteg van, akik ezt eljáttszák majd meghalnak... A legtöbb ilyen az Öreg taktikája szerint a régi rendszer egyik szerepjátszó kuglijával van megoldva. Mi tudjuk hogy ki igazi és ki nem. Minden nap döntéseket hozunk és ezekben a döntésekben látszik hogy ki merre tart. Nem tudják elrejteni. Még azt se amikor átmennek egy másik karakterbe... előlünk nem tudják elrejteni. Mindegyikről kiderül hogy kicsoda és micsoda valójában.
    ---
    majd rájöttök ti is persz most már ők is támadnak a pornózásról való véleményem miatt... mert ők meg ebből élnek... egymást húzták le tulajdonképpen, de segítettek anno, most meg támadnak,...dyson

              Comment on Valencia: Spain’s Best Climate? by Bassays        
    In Valencia there is snow only on my bathroom glass surface :D
              Comment on Sagunto: City of Ruins by Rebecca hynes        
    Best part of visiting Spain!! The castle was awesome, wish I could have spent an entire day there!
              Comment on Valencia’s Coat of Arms by Margot Andrew        
    Hi,I was scrolling through coats of arms of Spain and getting lots of regimental ones but not this.Then Iput in coat's of arms with bats and up it came. I saw a small metal version screwed to a little hut on the campsite Javea camping where I am spendingseveral weeks.Great story, thanks.Best WishesMargot
              Travel To Budapest: A Marriage Made In Danube        
    What makes this Hungarian capital an endlessly diverse adventure is the fact that in 1873, two towns (yes, Buda and Pest) on opposite sides of the Danube River united to become known as the Queen of the Danube and one of the largest cities in the European Union today. Brace yourself for the most unique experience in Eastern (or all) Europe as Hungary is an outpost of cultural and linguistic distinction that stands abruptly apart from its Slavic and Germanic neighbors. The Magyar stronghold of Budapest, established around 900 AD by the formidable clan from Central Asia, became the center of the Kingdom of Hungary capable of withstanding the carelessly blundering Ottomans, Habsburgs and Nazis. Discover the grandeur of one of the oldest and most established cities in Eastern Europe!

    Take a Bath with the Queen
    A great place to start your Hungarian journey is on the Western Bank of the river in Óbuda, the very oldest part of Budapest. Two thousand years of human life surround the excavated Roman city of Aquincum where Europe’s largest open-air amphitheater remains. Main Square is beyond charming with taverns and quaint single story houses and shops. From Óbuda to neighboring Buda, the hilly landscape is sprinkled with ancient Roman and Turkish Baths, fed by some of the 100 thermal springs that run through the area. The Art-Nouveau Gellért Baths in Buda are the most famous to relax in, although the Rudas and Rac baths, build by the Turks 400 years ago, are more interesting and less crowded. All three are located on top of scenic Gellért Hill inside the Citadel, an old military fortification from the 1800s. The pinnacle of Buda is the eponymous Castle Hill where the 14th century Baroque Royal Palace presides imperially over the city.

    Grandeur in the City
    Cross the historic Széchenyi Chain Bridge, the oldest of nine, and enter Pest, the more compact and metropolitan eastern side of the Danube. A walk along the regal Andrássy Boulevard past stunning mansions will lead to the Hungarian State Opera House, a true gem of acoustic and neo-Renaissance architectural prowess in all of Europe. While in the center of town, visit the noteworthy Inner City Parish Church, which happens to be the first church built in the city. On a grander scale, the enchanting Jewish quarter is home to the largest synagogue in Europe, the Dohány Street Synagogue, complete with an extensive Judaic art collection and Holocaust Memorial. Another monumental must-see is Budapest’s neo-Gothic Parliament building, Europe’s largest and arguably most beautiful. Take a peek at King Stephen’s legendary crown jewels that have been stolen and moved in and out of the country a near comical number of times.

    Budapest is truly a traveler’s city. The enormous size offers experiences on every level, from simply local, musical or explorative to historic, artistic or commercial. Budapest is particularly noteworthy for its exceptional array of museums and galleries that litter the city, particularly the Hungary National Museum on Castle Hill, the Museum of Fine Arts, and the Antique Picture Gallery, with the most extensive Spanish collection outside of Spain.


    Fujian China


    Beijing China


    Yunnan China



              Travel to Barcelona: A Country within a Country        
    The distinctive regional culture of Barcelona is largely due to geography and a plentitude of national pride and elitism. Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, one of Spain's 17 semi-autonomous states. The regional language is Catalan, along with the national language of Castilian Spanish. There has long been pressure from the Catalonian government and nationalists to earn complete autonomy from Spain. Consequently, the exclusive culture can be difficult to adjust to and there is significant animosity towards foreigners around the main tourist street of Las Ramblas. To thoroughly enjoy the sweet life and gentle hospitality of Barcelona, leave this busy area and explore the many diverse districts, endless with possibility.

    Café Life and Nightlife for the Night Owl
    Barcelona is truly a city that never sleeps, particularly during the warm Mediterranean summers. Avoid standing out like a sore thumb by eating dinner when the locals do: after 10 p.m. It is common to see children, grandparents and the family dog gathering at the outdoor cafes at these hours when the day's work is finished and time for friends and family has commenced. Since Barcelona hosted the Olympics in 1992, the city has been revamped with visitor friendly attractions such as the massive Olympic Village, a string of swanky restaurants, state-of-the-art nightclubs and boutiques along the beach. Most nightclubs do not get going until after 1 a.m. and club-goers typically wander out onto the beach around 5:30 to watch the sunrise over the Mediterranean.

    A Modernista Mecca
    The architectural wonders of Barcelona will keep even the most novice eye bewildered and intrigued. Antoni Gaudi decorated Barcelona with his treasures of modernism as a painter on a canvas. The grand boulevard of Passeig de Gracia is lined with elaborately adorned Casa Batllo and Casa Mila, both with the most intricate rooftops known to modern architecture. Arguably the most stunning of Gaudi's work is the Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia. Each of the church's facades are meticulously designed with different themes and styles combining nature with religion and the soaring towers topped with mosaic grapes are built around a conch-like coiled staircase that visitors may choose to take instead of the elevator. Another tribute to Barcelona's artistic heritage is the Palau da la Musica Catalana. A view of the glass and mosaic inverted chandelier on the ceiling of the theater is alone worth the visit. Daily tours are offered in addition to the regularly held musical performances. Afterward, get lost in the tiny twisting passages of the surrounding historic Gothic Quarter.
    Traveling Barcelona Right Not Your Weekend Visit

    It is best to avoid traveling to Spain in August, when most of the locals (and most of Mediterranean Europe) take their vacations. Chances are that the restaurant you wanted to visit will be closed and museums will have extremely curtailed hours. August can also be uncomfortably hot.

    Barcelona should be traveled with care and patience. The only disappointment visitors have is the inability to see all of the city's landmarks and hidden corners in a realistic amount of time.


    Hainan China


    china newspapers


    Guilin China
              Live Spain        

    Donna Summer - Live Spain 500x769 52kb
              Caution required after Brazil’s Confederations Cup victory        
    Ciaran Kelly isn't getting too excited after Brazil's domination of Spain last night.
              What Does Victory Look Like in Afghanistan?        

    https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/8/9/what-does-victory-look-like-in-afghanistan

    What Does Victory Look Like in Afghanistan?

    Adam Wunische 

     August 9, 2017

    More U.S. troops are likely headed back to Afghanistan soon, while the Trump Administration is also now considering withdrawal. Before either option––or anything in between––is considered, the U.S. needs to decide what version of victory it wants before it can decide on a strategy.

    One of the most shocking statements I’ve heard on Afghanistan in sometime was that the official U.S. policy is to force the Taliban into a negotiated settlement. This statement came from a highly respected scholar of U.S. foreign policy and military strategy. I wondered what veterans like myself should think of such a policy. Almost 17 years of fighting, over 2,000 killed, and countless others wounded or otherwise affected, and our strategy is now to accept peace with the Taliban and see them holding legislative seats in Kabul and contributing to governing Afghanistan?

    To be fair, the statement above was somewhat of a misstatement. What he intended to say was that this is the actual policy being pursued by the U.S., if unofficially and inconsistently. It is an unofficial policy because it would be highly unpopular with the domestic audience in the U.S., and it is inconsistent because presidents have been unwilling to commit the political capital necessary to sustain such a policy. Since a possible troop increase was announced in June, journalists and analysts (and Trump’s advisors) have been debating the strategy to which the U.S. should commit itself. However, these debates often consider strategies in isolation, and this is a mistake. Strategies must be judged relative to the realistic alternatives. This article categorizes the most common recent arguments, considers their limitations, and makes an argument for the least bad option, a negotiated settlement with the Taliban.

    MILITARY ENGAGEMENT WITHOUT A COHERENT POLICY SHAPING THE STRATEGY BY WHICH THE CAMPAIGN IS CARRIED OUT IS LITTLE MORE THAN ORGANIZED SLAUGHTER.

    One potential strategy considers the possibility of a post-World War II arrangement, leaving a permanent contingent of U.S. forces in Afghanistan to keep the Taliban and others at bay and influence other countries with interests in Central Asia. Unsurprisingly, many considering this possibility find the prospect unsustainable and possibly unachievable.

    Another strategy considers the complex regional dynamics of the situation and suggests increasingly forceful engagement with neighboring countries, specifically Pakistan. Use of Pakistani territory sustains and strengthens Taliban operations in Afghanistan and the Pakistanis have been notoriously difficult partners for the U.S. and others.

    Still another approach considers the folly of sending more troops before a coherent strategy, or even policy, has been agreed upon. Almost 200 years ago, Clausewitz asserted, “War is a mere continuation of policy by other means.” Military engagement without a coherent policy shaping the strategy by which the campaign is carried out is little more than organized slaughter.

    A final take on the situation defines victory as an Afghanistan fully restored via so-called nation-building. This argument suggests less reliance on the military and more on civilians and the State Department. Otherslike Gary Dempsey, argue the costs so greatly outweigh the benefits that the U.S. should simply cut its losses and withdraw. Withdrawal arguments usually suggest that after ground forces have left the U.S. should send targeted operations into Afghanistan whenever violent non-state actors set up shop again, but this assumes the political will and legal justifications will hold indefinitely––which isn’t a safe assumption.

    The problem with all of the above arguments is that they only consider one possible form of victory, or take the form of victory as a given. This can be effective when advocating for certain policies, but it also comes with significant limitations. As an alternative, I will present a variety of potential victories––each different in some critical way––and assess the prospects for achieving each and what they mean for U.S. strategy in Afghanistan.

    WHAT ARE THE PROSPECTS FOR A TOTAL VICTORY?

    It is first necessary to assess the most common assumption for victory and the current state of that possibility. The early stages of the war in Afghanistan were entirely directed at removing the Taliban from power and going after al Qaeda's central structure. This gave Operation Enduring Freedom a specific counterterrorism focus. Therefore, the early objectives necessary for victory were limited: end or degrade al Qaeda and the Taliban. This mission was accomplished, and surprisingly quickly. However, the mission then shifted from counterterrorism to ambitious state-building as the security situation deteriorated and the Taliban began to push back into the country from their sanctuary in Pakistan. NATO troops pushed out from Kabul and sought to extend the new central government’s authority throughout the country.

    ASSUMING ANOTHER MILITARY VICTORY OVER THE TALIBAN COULD BE ACHIEVED, THE AFGHAN GOVERNMENT WOULD STILL NEED TO ESTABLISH CONTROL OVER A TERRITORY THAT FEW CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE EVER BEEN ABLE TO CONTROL SINCE MODERN AFGHANISTAN WAS FOUNDED AROUND 1747.

    If we assume these more ambitious statebuilding objectives to be the standard by which victory is now measured, each of the following would have to happen before that victory could be considered won: the Taliban would have to be beaten back militarily, the Afghan government would need to establish control over the overwhelming majority of the country, and the U.S. would have no more than a small contingent of trainers and advisors on the ground. Given the length of the effort in Afghanistan thus far, it’s inconsistent progress, and the present trend, this outcome seems unlikely.

    Assuming another military victory over the Taliban could be achieved, the Afghan government would still need to establish control over a territory that few central governments have ever been able to control since modern Afghanistan was founded around 1747. Afghan expert Thomas Barfield argues that attempts to extend control over the whole of Afghanistan like other modern states do is a fundamental flaw in U.S. strategy and is simply not possible in a country like Afghanistan. Instead, Barfield has suggested a “Swiss cheese” model should be used. That is, control the vital areas (the population centers) that can be controlled and ignore the areas that cannot. Unfortunately, this isn’t even a realistic model for Afghanistan today, since the holes in government control would undoubtedly be used as safe-havens for any number of armed anti-government and anti-U.S. groups operating in the country. Such a strategy can only work if sustainable and enforceable treaties can be negotiated with the various armed groups.

    An Afghan farmer works in a poppy field on the outskirts of Jalalabad, the capital city of Nangarhar province. (Noorullah Shirzada/AFP/Getty)

    Furthermore, even if the government were able to reestablish control over all its territory, the government has a myriad of high-grade issues that significantly inhibit the its ability to exercise and maintain control and authority over said territory. Corruptioninhibits the government’s ability to deliver goods and services. Opium continues to flourish in Afghanistan and fund numerous individuals and organizations beyond the control of the central government, criminal and otherwise. Afghanistan’s relationship with its neighbors is complicated, and contributes to the instability. Afghanistan is also plagued by a persistently weak economy that is unlikely to improve to a sufficient level to contribute to stability or even pay the government's bills without foreign aid.

    This path to victory also hopes the Afghan government can be encouraged to reform; it cannot. For many non-trivial reasons, it is unreasonable to expect the Afghan government to make the necessary reforms, even if pressured by the U.S. or the international community. Several scholarly articles attempt to explain this phenomenon. Generally speaking, it is clear the interests of the Afghan government will always diverge from those of the U.S. government. Afghan officials will be more interested in crushing coup attempts before they happen or paying off their political rivals; reforming government agencies, especially in the security sector, is more likely to encourage coups and embolden their enemies. No one should hope for government reforms as the path to peace in Afghanistan.

    In sum, this vision of victory is unrealistic. Too many variables are too unlikely to be achieved for any reasonable person to think that all of them can be achieved, and at a reasonable cost.

    CAN THE TALIBAN BE BEATEN (AGAIN) MILITARILY?

    Taliban defeat on the battlefield is given special consideration here. Some might assume victory over the Taliban today should be as easy as it was in 2001. However, the posture and disposition of the Taliban today is very different than it was in 2001. They have been contesting and controlling territory, and that territory could be retaken if subjected to an effort similar to the one in 2001. However, their underground networks and sanctuary support are much more robust than they were. When pushed back from their territory in 2001, it took the Taliban about five years to build the infrastructure of insurgency and push back into Afghanistan. Today, the Taliban wouldn’t skip a beat if denied their territory.

    Therefore, all of the issues mentioned in the above section would have to be remedied before the highest possible version of victory could be achieved, and this assumed the Taliban could be defeated anew, which also doesn’t seem likely. A series of unlikely conditions are necessary to sustainably defeat the Taliban. First, total cooperation with Pakistan, who would need to establish control over their own western provinces where these groups are currently afforded safe-haven, would be necessary. Second, Afghanistan would need a robust and functioning security apparatus, which it doesn’t have. Emphasis has been placed on building the Afghan military, but militaries are better at taking and holding territory than they are at defeating insurgencies, which is only step one in a campaign against the Taliban. Furthermore, evidence suggests that terrorist groups are mostly defeated by police and intelligence forces of local governments, not militaries.[1]

    An Afghan soldier during an anti-Taliban operation in eastern Kunar provice. (AFP/BBC)

    There is a surprisingly positive trend in the use of Afghan police and intelligence forces to pressure and dismantle the Taliban. Increases in Afghan National Army regular forces have essentially flat-lined. On the other hand, the Afghan government plans to increase the number of special forces commandos exponentially, as shown in the chart below.[2]Commandos have the tools and training to effectively go after non-state actors like the Taliban, but there are still significant barriers to defeating the Taliban via these means. First, the feasibility and effectiveness of doubling the size of commando forces isn’t certain. New recruits are drawn from conventional forces, so current special forces capabilities wouldn’t necessarily be reduced. However, whether they’re able to effectively train, equip, and support such a large force remains to be seen. Second, the Taliban would still be able to launch attacks from Pakistan; Afghanistan would still need to improve policing capabilities; and social and economic conditions would need to improve so unemployed youth couldn’t be convinced or paid to carry out attacks for the Taliban.

    Furthermore, it is unlikely that the vast increase in commando power will go unnoticed by successive governments. As explained above, corrupt governments tend to weaken their military to hedge against coups.

    WHAT DOES A MITIGATED SUCCESS LOOK LIKE?

    With a long list of limitations preventing more ambitious victories, it is important to consider what lesser forms of success might look like and whether they are worth pursuing. A mitigated success would at least contain but not defeat the Taliban and focus on areas of higher strategic value, disregarding areas of lesser strategic value (as in the Barfield Strategy). This version of victory would even allow the Taliban to rule certain areas, or establish a power-sharing agreement in those areas not vital to the Government of Afghanistan. Such an approach could achieve core U.S. national interests at lower costs. For example, this would eliminate Afghanistan as a terrorist safe haven, and if Afghanistan were to revert to a safe haven in the future, the circumstance could be addressed more easily in these circumstances. Furthermore, with no powerful armed group opposing it, the Afghan government would be much less likely to collapse and potentially destabilize Pakistan, which is important for keeping nuclear weapons from proliferating into non-state hands.

    Warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar returned to Kabul on May 4 after signing a peace deal with the Afghan government. (Reuters/Parwiz)

    This strategy would solve one of the weaknesses in Barfield’s strategy by establishing peace with armed groups in exchange for control of their local areas, but how likely is it these armed groups will successfully reintegrate into the legitimate political process? Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, leader of the violent political party Hezb-i-Islami, recently attempted this exact transition. There are also reasons to believe some within the Taliban organization are at least willing to consider what is being offered in negotiations. This is perhaps why the members of ISIS in Afghanistan are mostly disaffected Taliban members. There is no way to know for sure why the former Taliban members defected, but several factors indicate that a willingness to negotiate for peace was important.

    IF THE TALIBAN ARE TO BE INTEGRATED INTO THE POLITICAL PROCESS, BOTH THEY AND THE AFGHAN PEOPLE WILL NEED TO FIND A PATH TO RECONCILIATION.

    The Taliban have attempted negotiations several times since 2001. Taliban leader Mullah Omar died in April of 2013, but top commanders kept it a secret. Writing under Mullah Omar’s name, these top commanders struck a conciliatory tone, advocating for an inclusive Islamic government in Afghanistan. In October 2014, five to six top commanders of the Taliban defected and subsequently pledged loyalty to ISIS. Predictably, the Taliban command claimed they were expelled from the group. Nine months later, the Taliban called for peace talks again. Therefore it seems reasonable that some attribute the rise of ISIS in Afghanistan to disgruntled former Taliban hardliners, and a willingness to negotiate is a likely source of these sentiments.

    As is clear by the many failed attempts by the Taliban to negotiate peace, there are limitations to the feasibility of this move for many of the violent groups that forms its ranks. Consider some analogous circumstances. The most powerful violent insurgency group in Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), recently negotiated a peace deal with the government. Successfully transitioning to peace will be difficult, as many Colombians are still scarred from the violence they carried. Similarly, the Basque Homeland and Liberty (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna or ETA) separatist in Spain is attempting the same move, and the legacy of their violence is also an issue. Likewise, many Afghans remember the part Hekmatyar took in the shelling of Kabul during the civil war following the withdrawal of Soviet forces. Many Afghans will not soon forget the pain suffered at the hands of the various violent groups that fall under the aegis of the Taliban.

    If the Taliban are to be integrated into the political process, both they and the Afghan people will need to find a path to reconciliation. It is theoretically possible to achieve a deal without this reconciliation, but whatever peace is achieved without it may be tenuous at best. Again, analogy might be useful. Rwanda is engaging in a justice and reconciliation process to deal with the legacies of their genocide. South Africa set up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to deal with the legacies of apartheid. Alternatively, Indonesia has set up no such commission or process, and their resultant peace has been much more tenuous and fragile.

    It is also important to consider domestic opinion in the U.S., where the divergence between its interest and that of Afghanistan is perhaps clearest. Even if the Government of Afghanistan could reconcile with the Taliban, precarious as this would be given the support the U.S. must provide to sustain it, any negotiated settlement would be hugely unpopular domestically. Many would see it as surrendering to the enemy, leaving open a cynical but clear political opportunity. The unpopularity of working with the Taliban was on full display when the Obama Administration announced a prisoner swap with the Taliban that retrieved captured U.S. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. It is unlikely current or future U.S. presidents will be willing to expend the political capital necessary to make a negotiated settlement with the Taliban possible, especially considering the uncertainty of success.

    IS A MITIGATED FAILURE WORTH CONSIDERING?

    Considering all of the limitations of the above strategic alternatives, it should be considered what a mitigated failure would look like. A mitigated failure would probably include some or all of the following outcomes. First, traditionally Pashtun lands would be conceded to the Taliban, and the central government would maintain a tenuous control over other territories. The Taliban are strongest in Pashtun regions, but they have shown an ability to reach beyond these areas. Regions under strong Taliban control would be relatively peaceful, but fighting would remain intense in disputed areas. Pakistan would be keen to avoid this, much like the Turks wanting to resist an independent Kurdish state.

    Pakistan’s position in Afghanistan has always been to maintain as much influence over their neighbor as possible. Prior to 9/11, the intelligence and military establishment in Pakistan had established close ties with Mullah Omar and the Taliban. However, Pakistan post 9/11 has been forced to align reluctantly against the Taliban. The Taliban now has bases of operation in Pakistan and it is not certain that a peaceful relationship could be established if they gain some control in Afghanistan at the expense of the government. The possibility of the Taliban gaining power in Afghanistan and looking for more influence east of the Durand Line is too great a risk.

    WHAT DOES ABJECT FAILURE LOOK LIKE, AND HOW IS IT AVOIDED?

    That leaves one final possibility: abject failure. This could happen if the international community loses patience with Afghanistan and cuts its losses, like the Trump Administration is perhaps considering. This certainly wouldn’t be the first time Afghanistan has been cut loose; there has been a pattern of countless such abandonments throughout history, like the Soviet withdrawal in 1989. Importantly, though, the international community has always decided to return. Afghanistan’s strategic importance to the rest of the world is significant, and modern forms of terrorism have compounded the effects of this strategic importance. This significance is evident in the many times that multiple empires have attempted to conquer it. Afghanistan is at the crossroads of the Middle East, Southern Asia, and Central Asia, and it continues to be a vital transit area for land-based commerce and gas and oil pipelines. There is no doubt that cutting strategic losses today might result in a strategic need to return a few decades, or even a few years, later.

    CONCLUSION

    Previous attempts to define victory in Afghanistan, and therefore advocate a strategy, have often considered various types of victory in isolation. However, the ideal end state for Afghanistan should be considered relative to the alternatives. A total victory is ideal, but needs to solve numerous enormous problems resulting from seemingly endless systemic conflicts. It would also require the greatest degree of political will sustained over the long-term. Furthermore, it is unlikely that the Taliban can be beaten militarily like they were in 2001. The government of Afghanistan and its allies could regain lost territory, but it is already a robust insurgency and terrorist organization; and these types of movements are rarely defeated militarily. Abject failure would be cost efficient in the short-term, but the resultant problems would increase costs over the long-term and would undermine U.S. national interests. A mitigated failure would likely have all the negative costs of abject failure, but with greater U.S. losses on the path to failure. Ultimately, total victory is ideal but highly unlikely. Abject and mitigated failures have long-term costs and endanger U.S. national interests. This leaves us with mitigated success and a negotiated settlement with the Taliban as the most prudent option.

    A negotiated settlement would come with high political costs to whichever U.S. president decided to pursue it. However, these political costs would be lower than those required for a total victory. Furthermore, negotiations have mostly failed because there is no concerted effort or strategy to achieve it, just periodic opportunism. There’s no doubt this strategy would be highly unpopular and downright offensive to many Americans––especially veterans of the war. However, the question shouldn’t only be about its popularity; it should also be about its feasibility to bring about the end of America’s longest war.

    The path of least resistance in Afghanistan is to contain the Taliban over the long-term. This starts with a continued focus on the building of commando and police capacity while reducing resources for the conventional Afghan National Army, because the Taliban are the problem rather than external invasion. The maintenance of a strategic alliance with the government of Afghanistan to deter foreign military interventions will allow the central government to focus on internal state building and reconciliation. The encouragement of smaller insurgent groups to negotiate transitions into the political process will enable reconciliation. Finally, seeking avenues to allow for a negotiated settlement with the Taliban, and integration into the political process if necessary, are critical.

    The other victories mentioned above are certainly possible, but not at acceptable costs. A total victory––while appealing––would require extensive resources, in both blood and treasure, expended over an indeterminate amount of time. In 2012, a majority of Americans wanted to speed up the pace of the 2014 withdrawal. When the war started in 2001, about 90% of Americans said starting the war was not a mistake. Today, that number has decreased by about 40 points. No politician will have the political capital to commit the resources to a total victory. Other types of victories are more ideal and would be more popular, and despite the sentiment against the option, a negotiated settlement is not only more likely to happen in our lifetime, it’s also the most feasible outcome for success.

    Adam Wunische is a U.S. Army veteran who has deployed twice to Afghanistan. He is also a PhD student at Boston College and a contributing analyst at Wikistrat


              Spain 5- Córdoba — Córdoba, Spain        
    Francesca's wild adventures while studying in Siena, Italy
              Five CSU Students Selected as Gilman Scholars         

    U.S. Department of State initiative funds study abroad experiences around the world

    Saida MarkovicFive Cleveland State University students have been selected as Gilman Scholars, by the U.S. Department of State. The initiative provides funds to assist college students in participating in study abroad and internship programs in nations around the world. The students, Alix Kosmala, Saida Markovic, Lakiel Wade, Sophie Warner and Erica Young, are spending the summer of 2017 in Japan, Spain, Serbia, Canada and Ghana respectively.

    “The Gilman Scholarship program is one of the U.S. government’s top international education programs and offers students an incredibly unique opportunity to experience other cultures, develop new skills and improve our world,” notes Julie Good, manager for education abroad programs at CSU. “We are extraordinarily fortunate to have five individuals selected for the 2017 cohort, and this illustrates the tremendous drive and caliber of our students.”

    Kosmala, who is majoring in environmental studies, is spending the summer studying at the KCP International Japanese Language School in Tokyo. She also received a Freeman-ASIA scholarship, sponsored by Institute of International Education, to assist in funding her study abroad experience. Markovic, a psychology major, is conducting Spanish language and cultural studies in Granada, Spain.

    Wade, who is majoring in computer and information science, is conducting an International Engineering Internship at the University of Novi Sod in Serbia, sponsored by the International Association for the Exchange of Students for Technical Experiences. Warner, a biology major, is conducting conservation research on the Taku River in northwest British Columbia, Canada. Young, a black studies major, is studying at the University of Ghana in Accra.

    “I'm honored and humbled to have been selected as a recipient,” adds Markovic. “This scholarship has lifted a financial burden and will allow me to focus on my studies in order to finish my minor in Spanish.”

    The U.S. Department of State’s Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship is a grant program that enables students of limited financial means to study or intern abroad, thereby gaining skills critical to our national security and economic competitiveness. The program is named in honor of Congressman Benjamin Gilman, the author of the legislation establishing the program.

    Learn more about the Gilman scholars program.

    ###


              Marc Gasol confirms he will sign new five-year contract with Memphis        
    GIRONA, Spain — Centre Marc Gasol has confirmed that he will sign a new five-year contract with the Memphis Grizzlies. The 30-year-old free agent tells Spanish media he will stay at Memphis, as The Associated Press reported on Monday. The […]
              DNN Hangout - February 2016 - DNNCon and DNN-Connect 2016 Questions and Answers        

    DNN Hangout February 2016

    There are two DNN conferences coming up very soon.  DNNCon is in April, held in Baltimore, Maryland, and DNN-Connect is in Girona, Spain in June.  Our guests are all organizers or co-organizers, and they spend some time with us

    Want to Be on the Show?

    We are always looking for new people to be featured on the show. You don’t have to be an “expert” in anything. Just be prepared to chat with us about anything interesting about DNN, no matter how big or small.

    Please let me know in the comments or via email if you’d like to be on DNN Hangout (or if you know of someone that should be on the show).

    Next Episode

    Next month, we speak to David Poindexter from nvisionative, and a co-leader of the Southern Fried DNN user group.  He’s going to talk to us about user groups and other community topics.  However, I hear that he might have a HUGE surprise presentation during the hangout as well.

    Reserve Your Spot

    Site/Extension of the Month

    We’re always looking for sites or extensions to feature in this segment. Please let me know if you’d like for me to do a quick segment on one of your sites or extensions.

    DNNCon and DNN-Connect 2016 Questions and Answers

    Show Notes


              DNN Hangout - December 2016 - Module Development from a Skinner’s Perspective        

    DNN Hangout: Ralph Williams

    While this is nearly a month late in getting posted, the show isn’t any less important.  Not by a longshot.  In fact, it’s one of my favorite episodes we’ve ever done.  In this show, we speak with Ralph Williams.  If you’ve been around DNN for any length of time, you know that we all know Ralph for one thing… his amazing theming (skinning) work.  He’s one of the minds behind the initial Day of DotNetNuke branding, technical presentations on best practices as it relates to DNN theming, theming training at all of the recent DNNCon events, and wrote the theme chapter in the latest DNN book.  In this show, we didn’t speak to Ralph about themes at all.  We spoke about the MODULE that he built.  Not just any module either… a SPA-based, video-centric LMS module!

    Want to Be on the Show?

    We are always looking for new people to be featured on the show. You don’t have to be an “expert” in anything. Just be prepared to chat with us about anything interesting about DNN, no matter how big or small.

    Please let me know in the comments or via email if you’d like to be on DNN Hangout (or if you know of someone that should be on the show).

    Next Episode

    That’s already happened.  See the next post about the next episode. 

    Site/Extension of the Month

    We’re always looking for sites or extensions to feature in this segment. Please let me know if you’d like for me to do a quick segment on one of your sites or extensions.

    A Skinner’s Perspective After Building Their First DNN SPA Module

    And now, let Ralph tell you about “the Angular.”  That’s what he says at 53:51.

    Show Notes


              Loesje Spain        
    Spanish Loesje group

    Bienvenidas a Loesje Espana!

    read more


              Flawless Spain march on        
    none
               Relationship between the hepatic SULT2A1 protein expression and backfat androstenone level in pigs of three breeds         
    Panella-Riera, N., Mackay, J., Shevillon, P., Oliver, M. A., Bonneau, M. and Doran, O. and UWE, IRTA Spain, INRA France and French Industry (2010) Relationship between the hepatic SULT2A1 protein expression and backfat androstenone level in pigs of three breeds. In: 61st Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production, Heraklion, Greece, 23th-27th August, 2010., p. 139 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/14955
              Destination Portugal! & Pastel de Nata (Portugese Egg Custard Tarts)        
    Yuhu!!…very happy to visit Portugal once again this year… Sweet memories of our last trip inspired us to make it again. We decided to go by car, as we love the beautiful landscapes when we cross borders of Germany, France, Spain and Portugal. One way drive from our place(from south west of Germany) to Algarve region [...]
              Dear Friends        
    As we announced earlier, the third edition of Bulgaria Tattoo Expo will take place on 16/17 april 2016. We will be again at the National Palace of Culture, Hall 3. This year the event gathered 75 artist, who worked and had fun with visitors from Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece, Italy, England and Spain. We organized a seminar with the amazing artist BulletBG. You probably also saw him, while he was tattooing at the event. We were visited by over 4000 people, who were entertained by the participants and our partners. The sound from the tattoo machines was combined with the Dj's music and the roar of the Harley Davidson bikes, specially delivered for the event. The tattoo competitions are a traditional part of our event. They brought to the artists and guests not only positive emotions, but also lots of prizes provided by our sponsors. For this year and all years ahead, we are raising our goals and we will try to overdo them, because we have a mission and we believe that tattoo art fans all around Europe need this kind of events. We are expecting you at the third edition of Bulgaria Tattoo Expo!
              Skype and calls over the internet        

    Have you jumped on board the Skype train yet? Not sure what Skype is? Well I'll describe what Skype is and how a huge world of internet calls has opened up, making the standard wall phone a thing of the past. Not to mention I give an idea on how to save a bundle on international calls.

    Skype is a software application that allows you to make PC to PC phone calls...for free. What is even cooler is if you have a webcam, you can video chat for free too. Skype has a new interface that may or may not be user-friendly depending on your tastes. For an overview of that go to CNET's video on Skype.

    The gear is realatively unexciting. All you need is a mic and a set of head phones. Set up a free Skype account and off you go. You can talk completely free of charges, PC to PC, with anyone that has a Skype account. You can also makes calls to traditional phone numbers, but that costs extra.

    Now, on to why I included a router in my 5 best electronics post... VoIP or Voice over IP, essentially making phone calls over a broadband internet connection started in the early 90's. With the g and now n types of wireless networks (getting back to the router), you can make phone calls without interuption over those networks. That's why the router is cool. Let me explain more, cause I can tell I haven't hooked you yet.

    There are a number of wireless VoIP phones out on the market today. Here is a sampling of them:
    1. Belkin Wi-Fi for Skype
    2. Netgear SPH200W
    With these, or any WiFi phone you have, all you need is a wireless signal and you're making calls for pennies on the dollar compared to a mobile phone. Not to mention, you have friends in Germany or Spain? No problem. There really isn't anything like a domestic or international call anymore. Just get online...done.

    Skype has its own line up of phones as well and offers goodies on thier website like headphones and a host of wireless access points for your home.

    What's the deal with VoIP? Well I'll de-mystify it for you. There are a ton of VoIP companies out there, the biggest being Vonage, Verizon and Skype (not necessarily in that order). They have a mishmash of goodies including their own routers that will turn your existing POTS (plain old telephone service) and turn them into a VoIP, to straight up VoIP phones that can hold 500 or more contacts. Some of these phones have remarkable features and fantastic user interfaces. No more "how do I transfer this call?" at work.

    What if you want to use your WiFi enabled mobile phone to hop on a network? Well that's available too. Its called FMC or fixed mobile convergence. A good example of this is T-Mobile's hot spot. This service essentially lets you pick and choose between mobile minutes and WiFi freedom.

    It all comes back to the router. Cut those wires, that's what I say. With the high price of copper these days, why not go wireless? Its getting faster and more powerful all the time.
              Wine tourism to boast tourism in South Africa in 2020.: Safari Uganda , Kenya , Rwanda        

    It’s too amazing to see that many countries the have the kenya safari are pouring large amount of money in wine projects yet this is just one example of the growth that is being seen around the world in wine tourism. Wine tourism is expanding in most major wine growing regions, including France, Spain, Germany, Italy, the U.S., South Africa, and Australia.

    Besides, South Africa is working towards positioning itself as one of the world's top 20 travel destinations by 2020, the local wine and tourism industry are uniting to present the country's first specialist wine tourism exhibition, Vindaba and the Kenya tour.This resulted from the backing effort of national and provincial government, and Vindaba will be showcasing the best in South African wine-related tourism when it is held in Cape Town in September 2012, targeting the local and international travel trade as well as wine, travel and lifestyle media.

    Wine Tourism is known world wide that very most travellers in any Namibia safaris prefer taking wine while on there vacation holidays and also many scholars have written different books with different definitions. According to an Australian researchers Hall and Macionis. They define wine tourism as "visitation to vineyards, wineries, wine festivals, and wine shows for which grape wine tasting and/or experiencing the attributes of a grape wine region are the prime motivating factors for visitors." we have the rwanda gorilla trekking This definition is useful because it encompasses the various venues most frequently sought by wine tourists, and highlights the fact that there are different reasons visitors go to a wine region.

    Also the South Africa Tourism Minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk identified wine tourism as one of the fastest-growing and most lucrative sectors of the global tourism market. Get to visit the gorillas in Africa as the Vindaba, which marks a new spirit of collaboration among tourism bodies, is intended as a launching pad to position South Africa on the world map of wine tourism.

    Currently, Cape Wine is considered the most successful international wine trade show in the Southern Hemisphere, the masai mara safari and has been held every alternate year since 2000 with the exception of last year, given South Africa's hosting of the 2010 Fifa World Cup.Next year's Cape Wine will be the first in four years and will thus provide an important opportunity for the industry to update its markets on new developments.Such as the It is expected that some 320 wineries will exhibit.

    Although cape wine 2012 is conceived as a stand-alone event, it will be staged simultaneously at the Cape Town Convention Centre. Cape Wine also as we get ready for the masai mara tour , hosted biennially by Wosa, exhibits a wide spectrum of South Africa's wines and wine styles to the international wine trade, from buyers to importers and sommeliers in important export markets. It also attracts wine, travel and lifestyle media.

    More so, both events will be staged as eco-friendly exhibitions, making use exclusively of recycled and recyclable materials. South Africa is already recognized as a world leader in eco-sustainable wine production. Now it plans to establish a similar reputation for wine tourism by marketing Vindaba as a "green" initiative.

    Van Schalkwyk has identified South Africa's wine tourism as central to marketing the country as an attractive long-haul destination. Speaking at a tourism stakeholder workshop in April, he said: along with gorillas and Chimpanzees we have "Wine tourism is a vital product offering in South Africa's tourism product as it helps improve the country's competitiveness against destinations like Brazil, Australia, Kenya and Thailand.” Though Australia has a highly developed wine tourism industry, many of its wine regions are located far apart, unlike South Africa where production is concentrated mostly in the Western Cape.3 day gorilla safari tour

    Not only will the two exhibitions feature many of the same producers, but there are other common links. Queen Elizabeth national park , South Africa has been steadily building a domestic and global awareness for the range and excellence of its wines and is now considered a significant wine-producing country. With provenance playing such a strategic role in wine marketing, it makes sense to advance wine-related tourism, so wine lovers are actively encouraged to visit the source of the products they enjoy.Murchison falls national park


              Rwanda’s Cultural tourism is the Key investment Sector        

    It is a well-known fact that tourism can be a deadly antagonist as much as a firm friend in the matter of development. Considering the economic might of the tourist industry now gorilla safari regarded as the biggest in the world ahead of automobiles and chemicals, careful attention should be paid to culture in order to progressive strategies which are vitally needed in order to prepare the ground for genuinely progressive international, regional and local tourism development gorilla trekking uganda .

    Besides, cultural travel directed towards experiencing the arts, heritage and special character of unique places includes arts (galleries, rwanda travel guide studios, performing and visual arts), Cultural activities (festivals, celebrations, and rituals), events and physical heritage, building and environment. While reconsidering the relationship between tourism and cultural diversity, tourism and intercultural dialogue, and tourism and development, the Organization (UNESCO) proposes to contribute to the fight against poverty, gorilla safari rwanda protection of the environment and mutual appreciation of cultures.

    Considering cultural development, Rwanda will, next week, host the Commonwealth investment conference, ahead of the 7th Edition of the Pan African Dance Festival (FESPAD 2010) that will be staged in July. This is a result of Rwanda being an attractive investment destination and both forums present an opportunity. uganda gorilla safaris , Apart from breaking into new markets, the events will enhance business openings for Rwandans since they facilitate gainful partnerships

    However, the Rwandan business community will be accorded , rwanda gorilla safari , opportunity to forge new partnerships with business leaders from around the world since approximately 31 African countries are expected to attend, as well as China, Japan, Vietnam, France and Spain.

    By promoting the rich Rwandan uganda gorilla safari , cultural heritage, the country shall attract both investors and tourists. The traditional dances and dress are world class, and our museums have a powerful story to tell. There is no doubt that Rwanda's tourism sector has been very kenya safari successful, but there are areas that have not been exhaustively exploited.

    The country can cut itself a niche in the region by aggressively promoting its arts and culture which will rank Rwanda as the best cultural destination in Africa. houses for sale in kampala uganda


              Waterbirth Certification Tour-Spain 2017        

    Lunch time tour of the new waterbirth room at the Hospital Del Mar, Barcelona, during the May 2017 Professional Waterbirth Certification Course for midwives and doctors. 2017 Spain Waterbirth Certification Tour As the educational Director of Waterbirth International, I toured six cities in Spain this May, offering Professional Waterbirth Certification Courses in [...]

    The post Waterbirth Certification Tour-Spain 2017 appeared first on Waterbirth International.


              The Potential of Guatemala around the world        
    The history of cooking has already celebrated the French tradition of cuisine classique and nouvelle cuisine, and then there was the exotic explosion of Asian cuisine with the spice boom and its renewal in Spain, in modern day, with the new nouvelle cuisine and the acceptance of science. Nowadays, the kitchen is redirecting its vision […]
              Odd and Bizarre Street Art Installations [pics]        
    Mark Jenkins, the artist who created these wonderfully creative but bizarre scenes has traveled around the world to make passer-bys take a double look as they pass. You can other collections of his here. Tudela, Spain London Winston-Salem, NC Winston-Salem, NC Winston-Salem, NC Winston-Salem, NC Seoul, Korea Belgrade, Serbia Royan, France Bordeaux, France Canary Islands, Fuerteventura Barcelona, Spain Barcelona, Spain Malmö,...

    .
              Curso avanzado Access 2007        

    Curso avanzado Access 2007Os ofrecemos un curso avanzado de Access 2007 donde podrás ver muchas de las nuevas funcionalidades de Access 2007. El curso está realizado por la propia Microsoft y hay que verlo online desde el enlace que te ponemos al final, para verlo es necesario Internet Explorer pero si quieres verlo con Firefox tan solo tendrás que instalar la extensión IE tab.

    El curso da un repaso a los nuevos formularios, consultas, informes, relaciones entre tablas y tipos de campos. Para seguir el curso es necesario tener conocimientos previos y básicos de Access, si eres principiante te recomendamos sigas alguno de los cursos básicos que te ofrecemos en nuestro sitio.
    Para abrir el curso haz clic en el siguiente enlace:
    Curso avanzado Access 2007

    Temática: 
    Nivel: 

              Check on the Biosphere 2 on your southern Arizona vacation        
    Plan the perfect getaway weekend. From a nature hike up in Sabino Canyon or a getaway at the Chiricahua National Monument. Or explore science at the Biosphere 2 near Tucson or art with the Old Town Artisians. Enjoy your getaway to Arizona with a few of these destinations:

    Biosphere 2 - Oracle, Arizona. The facility stands 91 feet tall at it’s hightest point. The ecosystems under glass consist of Ocean with coral reef, mangrove wetlands, tropical rainforest, Savannah grassland and fog desert. The technical portion of the Biosphere 2 consists in the basement is nearly 3.14 acres hosting it’s electrical, plumbing, and mechanical systems. The other 12 smaller AHs can cool the air and generate condensate water. You first will enter the tripical savanna, travel along the 40 foot ocean cliff and look down into the million gallon tropical ocean. It was designed as an airtight replica of Earth’s environment (Biosphere 1). The desire was to learn what problems would rise from people living in a closed system. Tour Prices: Adults - $20; Seniors 62 + - $18; AAA Members - $18; Military - $18; Children ages 6 - 12 - $13; Children under 5 are FREE. Last tour 3 p.m. Phone: 520-838-6124

    Rooster Cogburn Ostrich Ranch - Picacho, Arizona. The Ostrich is the largest living bird in the world; it is native to Africa and are desert animals. Just visit the ranch and get your exposure to these huge birds. If you are thinking about baking and need lots of eggs for your goodies you may want to consider an Ostrich egg, one egg is equivalent in volume to 2 dozen chicken eggs. The hen can lay 40 - 100 eggs per year (that’s like 960 chicken eggs at the smallest number of 40!) You will visit the ostrich ranch and the desert and learn about the big birds and all the other things that make this ranch unique (even the birds). Closed on Tuesday, Wednesday, & Thursday until October when they are only closed on Wednesday from October to Christmas.

    Shady Dell Trailer Court Motel - Bisbee, Arizona. Looking for a place to stay in Bisbee? There are three trailers that have showers but the owner would really rather the people use the bathhouse since the showers are hard to clean, and after all, at $25 a night a few steps to the shower isn’t bad! There is a small diner for your pleasure, it’s a 1957 Valentine diner purchased from Los Angeles and is now a neon-trimmed, freshly painted silver and red Dot’s Diner. Directions: Bisbee is located in the south of Cochise County, in the southeast corner of Arizona. Phone: 928-432-3567

    Chiricahau National Monument - Near Wilcox, Arizona. One of the less known parks of Arizona is the Chiricahua National Monument of Southern Arizona. The Heart of Rocks is a seven mile hike that passes through oddball rock formations that make for a wonderful photo op or just a wonder to the eye. Cochise Stronghold, in the Dragoon Mountains approximately 40 miles west of the Chiricahuas, is one well-preserved fortress from this time. Directions: Chiricahua National Monument is located 120 miles southeast of Tucson. Travel 3 miles into town to the stoplight and turn right. You will follow Arizona State Highway 186 for 32 miles to the junction of Arizona State Highway 181. The Visitor Center is open daily 8 - 4:30 Mountain Standard Time. Sometimes the scenic drive will be closed beyond the campground due to snow, ice or fallen rocks. Phone: 520-824-3560

    Tucson Greyhound Park - Tucson, Arizona. For race fans the Tucson Greyhound Park offers you greyhound racing Tuesday - Saturday nights at 7:30 pm. Tucson Greyhound Park opened in 1944, and during more than 50 years of continuous greyhound racing at the park, the track has played host to six of the 25 all-time leading greyhound race winners. JR's Ripper is the number one all-time leading race winner with 143 victories during his racing career. JR's Ripper retired from racing at Tucson Greyhound Park in 1986 and was inducted into the prestigious Greyhound Hall of Fame in 1992. The park also participates in the Greyhound Adoption Program. Greyhounds are smart, sweet, calm, gentle and loving dogs, good with children and adults alike.

    Sabino Canyon - Tucson, Arizona. This beautiful canyon offers a wonderful opportunity for hiking on its many trails to enjoy the canyon. The canyon offers nature watches, hiking and equestrian trails, picnicking, watchable wildlife and the shuttle bus tours. It is suggested that if you don’t think you will want to hike the whole canyon then take the shuttle for part of it and hike the rest or hike to the canyon and take the bus back. Admission: Day Pass $5. Location: Northeast of Tucson at the foot of the Santa Catalinas. Access: From Tanque Verde Rd in Tucson take Sabino Canyon Rd north to the Recreation Area just north of Sunrise Rd. From here you must walk, ride a horse or take the shuttle bus into the canyon.

    Relax with the Old Town Artisans - Tucson, Arizona. The buildings have the original ceilings made of saguaro cactus ribs, packing crates, and whiskey barrel staves with remnants of imported wallpaper and gold-leaf moldings. Old Town Artisans is located on the site of El Presidio San Augustin del Tucson, the fort built by the Spanish in 1775 to stake claim to the northern frontier of New Spain. Hours: Shops: September - May Monday - Saturday 9:30 am to 5:30 pm with Sunday 11 am - 5 pm. June - August Monday - Saturday 10 am - 4 pm and Sunday 11 - 4. Restaurant: September - May Monday - Sunday 11 am - 3 pm. Location: 201 N Court Ave, Tucson, Arizona 85701
    Penelope SanMateo is a travel writer about Arizona vacations on Arizona Beautiful covering exciting places to visit. She writes of things to do on a Tucson vacation getaway visiting the Biosphere 2 and the surrounding deserts.
              Hottest Hats at the Royal Wedding        
    1. Queen Elizabeth II

    2. Victoria Beckham

    3. Tara Palmer-Tomkinson (British socialite)

    4. Miriam Gonzalez (Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg's wife)

    5. Norma Major (wife of former British Prime Minister John Major)

    6. Sally Bercow (wife of House of Commons Speaker John Bercow)
    7. Frances Osborne (wife of Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne)

    8. Zara Phillips (daughter of Princess Anne)


    9. Marina Fogle (the wife of the television presenter Ben Fogle)

    10. Princess Letizia of Asturias

    11. Princess Anne

    12. Charlene Wittstock (wife of Prince Albert II of Monaco)
    13. Princess Beatrice (right) and Princess Eugenie (left)
    14. Carole Middleton (Kate's mother)

    15. Queen Sofia of Spain

    16. Camilla, (Duchess of Cornwall )

    17. Princess Victoria of Sweden

    18. Princess Michael of Kent

    19. Princess Maxima of the Netherlands

    20. Sophie, (Countess of Wessex)

    21. Sophie Winkleman, (Lady Frederick Windsor )

    22. Lady Helen Taylor

    23. Queen Margrethe II of Denmark

    24. Santa Palmer-Tomkinson, (socialite Tara Palmer-Tomkinson's sister)

    Exclusive Zara Philips
    Zara Philips
    Zara Philips
    Zara Philips
    Zara Philips

    Zara Philips



                      
    SPAIN: Primera Division
    Teams P W D L FA Pnt
    1 Barcelona34
    27
    6
    1
    83-20
    87
    2 Real Madrid34
    28
    2
    4
    89-30
    86
    3 Valencia34
    18
    8
    8
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    4 Mallorca33
    16
    7
    10
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    5 Sevilla33
    16
    6
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    6 Villarreal33
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    7
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    49
    7 Athletic33
    14
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    8 Getafe33
    14
    5
    14
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    9 Deportivo34
    12
    8
    14
    33-43
    44
    10 Atletico Madrid33
    11
    7
    15
    49-52
    40
    11 Osasuna33
    10
    8
    15
    30-39
    38
    12 Almeria33
    9
    11
    13
    34-45
    38
    13 Espanyol33
    9
    11
    13
    26-40
    38
    14 Sporting Gijon33
    9
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    14
    33-44
    37
    15 Racing Santander33
    8
    12
    13
    36-48
    36
    16 Zaragoza34
    8
    10
    16
    39-58
    34
    17 Malaga33
    7
    12
    14
    37-42
    33
    18 Tenerife33
    8
    8
    17
    34-63
    32
    19 Valladolid33
    5
    14
    14
    32-54
    29
    20 Xerez34
    6
    9
    19
    31-59
    27

              jadwal pertandingan sepak bola seluruh liga luar negri        

    updated every 1 min., don't refresh Last Update: 25/04/2010 15:12:46
    LiveScores - Live Scores and Results
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    18:30
              TextNow Wireless Now Selling Samsung’s Galaxy S6 Edge For Just $299.99        
    TextNow Wireless Now Selling Samsung’s Galaxy S6 Edge For Just $299.99

    TextNow Wireless, a mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) that leases network capacity from major US wireless carrier Sprint, has recently revealed that it is now offering the Samsung Galaxy S6 Edge handset for only $299.99. Interested buyers can choose between color options of black, white, or gold.

    Samsung first introduced the Galaxy S6 Edge smartphone in March of last year during the 2015 Mobile World Congress held in the beautiful city of Barcelona in Spain, along with another flagship device, the Galaxy S6. The device possesses a revolutionary design that features a display screen that curves on both sides of the handset. As far as specifications go, the Galaxy S6 Edge has plenty to offer. It comes with a 5.1 inch Corning Gorilla Glass display screen, flanked by a 16 megapixel camera on the rear side as well as a 5 megapixel camera on the front side. 

    When it comes to hardware specs, the Galaxy S6 Edge is no slouch either. It is powered by an eight core Exynos 7420 chip set, supported by 3 gigabytes of random access memory (RAM), and onboard storage options of 32 gigabytes, 64 gigabytes, and 128 gigabytes. With regards to software, the Galaxy S6 Edge comes with Google’s Android 5.0 Lollipop and TouchWiz user interface.

    Some may remember that back in December of last year, TextNow Wireless announced that it was offering Samsung’s Galaxy S6 for just $250. By adding the Galaxy S6 Edge, the wireless carrier has further strengthened its current range of Android powered devices, which should be welcome news for its Android using customer base.

    Apart from selling the Samsung Galaxy S6 Edge smartphone for a tad below three hundred bucks, TextNow Wireless also took the opportunity to formally debut international calling. Before, this service was only made available to Android and iOS mobile users in beta mode. But now, the wireless carrier has rolled out the feature to its subscribers. 

    The international calling feature should prove to be handy especially for mobile users with family and friends based in locations outside the United States. They will now be able to get in touch with loved ones from across the globe without having to worry about paying for pricey international rates. On top of all this, TextNow Wireless also offers unlimited domestic calling in the US and  Canada, absolutely free of charge. Other countries covered by free unlimited calls to landline phone numbers include the United Kingdom, Mexico, France, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Portugal, Brazil, Italy, and South Korea.

    For more TextNow deals, you can start comparing phones and plans from TextNow Wireless at Wirefly today.

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              Destination        

    United Kingdom London Gatwick 15,95 £ London Heathrow 16,50 £ Luton 15 £ New route Manchester Liverpool 8 £ Spain Madrid 8 € Italy Florence Pisa 4,99 € The cheapest Milano Bergamo 9,90 € Palermo Trapani 10,60 € Rome Ciampino 4 € Rome Fiumicino 4 € Turin 5 € Dolomites Bergamo 25 € Dolomites Verona […]

    The post Destination appeared first on Terravision Inglese.


              Our ongoing commitment to support computer science educators in Europe        

    The need for employees with computer science (CS) and coding skills is steadily increasing in Europe—by 4 percent every year between 2006 and 2016 according to DigitalEurope.  But educators are struggling to keep up with the demand, often because they lack the professional development, confidence and resources to successfully teach their students. 

    Because of these challenges, we’re working to increase the availability of quality computer science education and access to CS skills by empowering CS teachers globally. We’ve recently launched new support in Europe, the Middle East and Africa through CS4HS, a program to fund universities and nonprofits designing and delivering rigorous computer science professional development for teachers.

    We’re excited to be working with 79 organizations worldwide, and 28 in the EMEA region, who are committed to increasing the technical and teaching skills of educators, and building communities of ongoing learning. We believe that these organizations are committed to delivering high-quality teacher professional development programs with a deep impact in their local community and a strong potential to increase their reach.

    Classroom image

    Growing the community of computer science educators  

    Over the past 10 years, CS4HS has contributed $10 million to professional development (PD) providers around the world to help develop and empower teachers—like Catrobat, a non-profit initiative based at Graz University of Technology in Austria who created a free online course for students and teachers, and the University of Wolverhampton, who created a free MOOC to empower teachers of computing to teach programming in the new computing syllabuses in England, among others.

    We’re excited to support new and future CS educators around the world. Even though computer science is a relatively new discipline for most schools, the enthusiasm is growing and teachers have a critical role to play in fueling their students’ interest and participation. These grants will help universities and nonprofits reach educators with PD opportunities that enhance their CS and technical skills development, improve their confidence in the classroom, and provide leadership training so that they can be advocates for CS education in their communities.

    2017 awardees in EMEA

    Asociatia Techsoup Romania

    Ideodromio, Cyprus

    Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Informatica, Italy

    Lithuanian Computer Society

    Dublin City University, Ireland

    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland

    EduACT, Greece

    Graz University of Technology, Austria

    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

    Asociatia Tech Lounge, Romania

    Association Rural Internet Access Points, Lithuania

    University of Wolverhampton, UK

    Universidad de Granada, Spain

    University UMK Toruń, Poland

    Hasselt University, Belgium

    Jednota školských informatiků, Czech Republic

    University of Lille - Science and Technology, France

    University of Roehampton, UK

    University of Urbino, Italy

    ETH Zürich, Switzerland

    Vattenhallen Science Center, Lund University, Sweden

    University College of Applied Sciences, Palestine

    Hapa Foundation, Ghana

    Let’s Get Ready, Cameroon

    Swaziland Foundation for STEM Education

    Laikipia University, Kenya

    Mobile4Senegal

    Peo Ya Phetogo in partnership with University of the Western Cape & Mozilla Foundation, South Africa

    To discover more about CS opportunities near you, explore our educator resources, student programs and resources, and tools.



              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 08-03-2017 with Sandman        
    Playlist:

    Richard Cheese- Enter Sandman - Apertif For Destruction
    The Afghan Whigs- Light As A Feather - In Spades
    Brent Cowles- Cold Times - Cold Times EP
    St Paul The Broken Bones- Flow With It You Got Me Feeling Like - Sea Of Noise
    Dan Auerbach- Cherrybomb - Waiting On A Song
    Benjamin Booker- Motivation - Witness
    - voicebreak -
    Jason Isbell And The 400 Unit- White Mans World - The Nashville Sound
    Old 97s- All Who Wander - Graveyard Whistling
    True Believers- Tell Her - Hard Road
    Black Joe Lewis The Honeybears- PTP - Backlash
    - voicebreak -
    Carmen- Tales Of Spain - Fandangos In Space Dancing On A Cold Wind
    Thundercat- Show You The Way feat Michael McDonald Kenny Loggins - Drunk
    - voicebreak -
    Seun Kuti- African Soldier - From Africa With Fury Rise
    Amadou Et Mariam- La Realite - Dimanche A Bamako
    The Semi Colon- Isi Agboncha - The World Ends Afro Rock Psychedelia In 1970s Nigeria
    Andy Palacio The Garifuna Collective- Miami - Watina
    Valerie June- Shakedown - The Order Of Time
    Michael Kiwanuka- Black Man In A White World - Love Hate
    Pickwick- Light It Up Let It Burn - LoveJoys
    - voicebreak -
    Juana Molina- Cosoco - Halo
    Troupe Carnivle- Seller Of Dreams - Skaal Krush
    Tristen- Glass Jar - Sneaker Waves
    Courtney Barnett- How To Boil An Egg - How To Boil An Egg Single
    Tedeschi Trucks Band- Let Me Get By - Live From The Fox Oakland
    - voicebreak -
    Nathaniel Rateliff The Night Sweats- I Did It - A Little Something More From
    Wilco- One Hundred Years From Now - Return Of The Grievous Angel A Tribute To Gram Parsons
    Ryan Adams- Jacksonville - Jacksonville Paxam Single Series Vol 2 Single
    Low Cut Connie- Dirty Water - Dirty Pictures Pt 1
    White Reaper- Judy French - The Worlds Best American Band
    SleaterKinney- Bury Our Friends - No Cities To Love
    - voicebreak -
    Lila Downs Mariachi Juvenil De Tecalitln- La Llorona - Frida Soundtrack From The Motion Picture
    Flaco Jimenez- Marina - Partners
    Calexico- Corona - Convict Pool
    The Shins- Dead Alive - Heartworms
    Le Trouble- Vampires - Making Matters Worse
    Radiohead- Pearly Remastered - OK Computer OKNOTOK 1997 2017
    - voicebreak -
    Queens Of The Stone Age- The Way You Used To Do - Villains
    Royal Blood- Hook Line Sinker - How Did We Get So Dark


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-08-03
              Pan con Tomate        
    Spanish stye grilled bread with tomato and cheese. Garrotxa is a lightly flavored semi-firm goat cheese that is produced in the Garrotxa area of Catalonia, Spain.
              Inspiration for a Courtyard Garden        
    On our recent trip to Spain we visited some lovely courtyard gardens in Cordoba and the surrounding area. Whilst the grand public courtyards were impressive it was the domestic courtyard gardens that provided the most inspiration. You can read a little more about courtyard garden design in the garden design section or go straight to the […]
              An Amble in Andalusia – with Added Dog        
    On our recent trip to Spain we stayed in a wonderful place deep in the countryside, but little more than an hour from Granada and Cordoba. Casa Olea is owned by a young English couple who have restored a ruined farmhouse to a very high standard using local tradespeople throughout to create a getaway of […]
              Wild Birds Advertise With Plastic "Signs"        
    Birds that decorate nests with large amounts of white plastic have the most offspring, best territories and fewest intruders according to researchers in Spain. This may be an indication that many animals use symbolic communication.
              Spain Wins World Cup 2010 And ….        

     

     

    SamMADWC 010 I'm in Madrid enjoying the crazy celebration of Spain's historic first time FIFA World Cup Championship 2010.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    SamMADWC 017

     

    Singing, clapping, horn blowing, crazy dancing and climbing everything that can be climbed along with an occasional beer or water fountain shower are all part of the celebration.

    Cars are jumped on and garbage trucks pounded on as they try to make their way down a crowded street.

     

    SamMADWC 072 A fire extinguisher comes loose and some of us get a sense of how a fire feels being put out.

     

     

     

     

     

    SamMADWC 034 This is some crazy ass fun and thousands continue it long after I leave at 2 am!

     

     

     

     

     

    Congratulations, Espana!

     


              I’ve Been on My Hols        
    Most years we try and go on a walking holiday looking at flowers and birds with Naturetrek. This year it was the Picos d’Europa in Northern Spain which was a complete revelation. Awe-inspiring mountain landscapes, limestone gorges, green valleys with rushing rivers where the salmon still run, eagles and vultures wheeling overhead and sublime wildflowers. […]
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-10-2015 with Joel Davis        
    Playlist:

    Ursula 1000- Supersonic Sounds - Voyeur
    Radio Citizen- Rise - The Night The City
    Celt Islam- In This World feat Danman - Irfan Ep
    DJ Maestro- Little Girl Blue Maestro Remix - DJ Maestro Presents Little Girl Blue Remixed
    Afrobeat Makers- Sunny Sky - Afrobeat Makers Vol 2 Tony Allen Rhythms Revisited
    Chico Correa E Totonho- Rosa Da Matinha - Kafund Vol 3 Electronic Roots From NE Brazil
    Iemanjo- Reality - Medicina
    - voicebreak -
    Quantic- A New Constellation feat The Western Transient - Creation East LA Quantic Presents The Western Transient feat The Western Transient Single
    Superhuman Happiness- Drawing Lines - Escape Velocity
    Ohio Players- Love Rollercoaster - Honey
    Rionegro- Carruseles - Rionegro
    Calexico- Cumbia De Donde - Edge Of The Sun
    Makaya McCraven Matt Ulery Jeff Parker- Just Stay Right There - In The Moment
    Georgia Anne Muldrow- Great Blacks - A Thoughtiverse Unmarred
    Fink- Suffering Is The Art Of Love - Horizontalism
    - voicebreak -
    Christen Lien- 15 Aftermaths - Vol I Battle Cry
    Deantoni Parks- Down - Technoself
    Juncal Y Sus Calistros- Tequila - Soul Jazz Records Presents Gipsy Rhumba The Original Rhythm Of Gipsy Rhumba In Spain 19651974
    Aesop Rock- Bug Zapper - Cat Food EP
    DJ Krush- Missing Link - Butterfly Effect
    Brooklyn Gypsies- Supercore - Sin Fronteras
    Panda Bear- Boys Latin - Panda Bear Meets The Grim Reaper
    Kutiman- Im New Copia Doble Systema Remix - Thru You Too The Remixes
    - voicebreak -
    Hu Vibrational- Agobi - The Epic Botanical Beat Suite
    Matias Aguayo- El Rudo Del House 120 BPM - El Rudo Del House Round One EP
    Bomba Estreo- Amanecer - Amanecer
    Populous- Brighton Pier Two Thou Tommaso Cappellato Remix - Night Safari Remixed
    Nicola Cruz- La Mirada - Prender El Alma
    Nathaniel Rateliff The Night Sweats- Shake - Nathaniel Rateliff The Night Sweats
    Fofoulah- Dont Let Your Mind Unravel Safe Travels - Fofoulah
    Unloved- Guilty Of Love - Guilty Of Love EP
    - voicebreak -
    Basti Grub- Neu 2 - Neu
    EarthRise SoundSystem- Rock Beats Paper feat Kevin Mambo CC White Duke Mushroom Remix - Awakening EarthRise SoundSystem Remix Project
    Ancient Astronauts- Risin High feat Raashan Ahmad Nickodemus Remix - Themes From Tomorrowland
    Romare- Ninas Charm - Projections
    Yo La Tengo- Deeper Into Movies - Stuff Like That There
    - voicebreak -
    The Electric Peanut Butter Company- Austin City Limiter - TransAtlantic Psych Classics Vol 1
    Oddisee- Thats Love - The Good Fight
    The Polyversal Souls- Momaminka feat Roy X Lady Red Red - Invisible Joy
    Eccodek- In Confidence Engone Endong Mix - Remixing In Tongues
    Mbongwana Star- Kimpala Pala - From Kinshasa
    FirewoodPoetry- Long Life - I Am Single
    Maalem Mahmoud Guinia Floating Points- Mimoun Marhaba - Marhaba
    - voicebreak -
    St Germain- HankyPanky - St Germain


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2015-12-10
              Mediterranean Malvern        
    A little bit of Spain was recreated in a corner of the showground and even on a wet English day it looked very authentic. The designers had done a wonderful job with planting that wove round the gnarled olive trees in a very naturalistic way.
              Scientists on the Margins        
    by
    David Nobes
    2005-01-30

    INTRODUCTION

    The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was convened in Geneva in December of 2003. When the World Summit was announced, many in the scientific community questioned why there was no clear or central role for science and scientists. Scientists at CERN, in particular, expressed their concerns because CERN, one of the premier international collaborative scientific institutions, is regarded by many as the “birthplace” of the Internet.

    As a result of the interventions of scientists, the UN and WSIS Secretariat proposed to hold an additional, but separate meeting ahead of the World Summit - the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS). The Role of Science meeting was also held in Geneva, at CERN, immediately before the World Summit. Many who attended RSIS also attended the WSIS. (The RSIS website is still active, as of January 2005).

    The RSIS was intended to provide a forum whereby scientists and science administrators could contribute to the ongoing discussions on the Information Society. The discussions focussed on information sharing - the mechanisms for such sharing, and the impact on society that information sharing could have, because it became quickly apparent that information sharing is one of the primary elements in what we have come to call the Information Society, which I will abbreviate here as IS. Information technology is abbreviated as IT.

    At this point, it should be noted that many of the participants, this author included, wondered what influence we scientists might have on the larger World Summit. Because of its separateness, many attendees doubted, sometimes publicly, that we would have much impact on the main WSIS “event” (the term used on the website and in the printed material). Many felt that the meeting was nonetheless useful, but more for the informal networks and contacts that we made, rather than for the formal proceedings. This reflects the nature of the Internet and modern electronic communications, which was nicely and concisely described by Tim Berners-Lee, who developed the browser-based interface, the “World Wide Web,” now concomitant with the popular conception of the Internet. He portrayed the “essence” of the Web as “decentralized” and “fractal.” It was originally designed to fill a need to share information (“data”) that was different in nature, format, and style.

    [ For a much different conception of a global informational network, albeit one that has yet to be put into popular practice, see the Home Page of Ted Nelson, eds. ]

    At the end of the RSIS was a “Visionary Panel Discussion: Science and Governance.” Most of the panel members who discussed the future of the Internet used outdated and outmoded terminology and paradigms, and I think they missed some of the inherent anarchic and democratic aspects of the Internet. Many of us felt that the panel, with the exception of Berners-Lee, showed a lack of understanding of the Internet and the Web. Indeed, the character of the Internet and the Web in many ways reflect how human progress is made, whether we are discussing science or broader societal aspects. We take steps that wander up many blind alleys and false trails before hitting upon solutions to previously unsolved problems. The solutions are almost always imperfect and almost always later superseded by some better approach. It is necessarily unstructured and chaotic, as any creative activity will be. However, those involved directly, such as scientists, are often excluded from the decision-making processes, which tend to be dominated by politicians and bureaucrats who are in general sadly ignorant of science and its methods. I hope to expand on this theme in the report that follows. The issues raised are no less relevant and important a year on from the meeting. The most exciting and innovative projects described during the meeting emphasised the lack of centralized control over the Internet and the Web, and that such control is nearly impossible. We cannot control what people do with the Internet; instead the main issue should be about showing people how to use the Internet effectively and sceptically.

    The structure of this report is simple. It follows the structure of the meeting, which was built around the central RSIS “themes”: education; economic development; environment; health; and enabling technologies. I summarise some of the main points and observations from each session, highlighting those talks, presentations and sessions that seem to have best captured the atmosphere of the RSIS and future of the Information Society.

    OPENING PLENARY SESSION - “SETTING THE SCENE”

    The opening plenary session comprised a series of presentations that ranged widely across the IS spectrum. Adolf Ogi, Special Advisor on WSIS to the Swiss Federal Council, officially welcomed the RSIS participants on behalf of Switzerland, the host country, and challenged the participants to promote “science for all, without boundaries.” He touched on the issues of control of technology and the role of infrastructure, and the costs associated with both. When we say “costs”, we mean both the cost to society as a whole and the cost to the individual. This becomes, then, a major concern in developing countries where personal monetary wealth is limited, and thus access to modern computing tools is limited.

    Two speakers put the Role of Science in the context of the World Summit on the Information Society. Adama Samassékou, President of the WSIS Preparation Committee, addressed the gulf between the “haves” and the “have-nots,” using the now common phrase “the digital divide.” However, Samassékou went beyond these almost clichéd terms and viewpoints to discuss the traditional forms of knowledge, and how in the IS world oral traditions, and the information they transmit, are being lost, largely because we have not had a means to incorporate them into the technology of the IS. He emphasised the goal of a lack of boundaries for the sharing of information, and the need to promote the IS within an ethical framework. In this framework, he included environmental ethics. This theme arose again in the special session on the Environment in the IS.

    Yoshia Utsumi, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, emphasised accessibility of IS, but his emphasis was on scientific access. This was perhaps a reflection of the audience, but was then limited in its scope, especially when considered in the light of some of the presentations that came later in the day. He noted the lack of scientific funding in the developing world, and the “problems” in science policy. My opinion is that “gap” may have been a more appropriate word, because few countries, developing or otherwise, have clear policies for the sharing of information, scientific or otherwise. Many that do have such policies, such as the U.S.A., obstruct information sharing for reasons of “security,” even though open access to data and information is often the best defence. However, as Utsumi noted, this was a beginning of the process of discussion and policy formulation.

    After the two RSIS context speakers, we listened to three “keynote” speakers, each of whom gave brief talks: Dr Nitin Desai, Special Advisor to Kofi Annan on WSIS; HRH Princess Maha Chakro Sirindhom of Thailand; and Walter Erdelen, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences at UNESCO. These talks touched on issues of citizen-to-citizen communication and the “digital divide” (Desai), the lack of access to IT and concepts of sustainability in the IS (Sirindhom), and the environment (Erdelen).

    Dr Esther Dyson, the Founding Chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), was listed as speaking on “the promise of the Information Society and the role that science and technology have played.” ICANN is the organisation responsible for mediating domain names. They do not assign names, per se, but monitor the process and the circumstances. They have little power, but unfortunately are often seen, incorrectly, as responsible for the current morass over domain names. Dyson did not speak on the listed topic, but instead talked about the role of scientists themselves, rather than some monolithic “science,” in the future of the IS. She also emphasised that we cannot solve the problems of the Internet in a question and answer session.

    Finally, Ismail Serageldin, the Director-General of the Library of Alexandria, gave a PowerPoint presentation on the state of IT use at the Library. It is impossible to cover all of the material he (rapidly yet effectively) presented. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is making use of IT in many ways, and to a large extent (their website is www.bibalex.org). Some of the problems and issues Serageldin identified for the RSIS were, to name a few:

    * effective and accessible publication and dissemination of information, specifically research and the results of research;
    * peer-review (or lack thereof for online publications);
    * copyright and “fair use” of online materials; and
    * Internet library loans.

    He discussed the rise of anti-science movements, particularly in the context of fundamentalist religious groups, and both here and in his talk he noted that these were not only Islamic but also Christian fundamentalist groups. Some approaches they used to try to counter such movements were:

    * the establishment of a BA science “supercourse”;
    * reaching children with “My Book”, which placed the child within the book designed and partly written by the child using online resources; and
    * the “Hole in the Wall” computer.

    This last approach was particularly interesting and revolutionary. The concept is to place a PC secured into a recess in a wall, using a transparent cover to allow visibility and access to the touch screen. Results showed that illiterate people, especially children and young adults, were learning to read by working their way through Internet connections. They would begin by using the symbols to guide their way, but would eventually learn to decipher at least in part the messages that accompanied those symbols.

    One unfortunate omission from the programme was the presentation by Tim Berners-Lee, who was delayed by a snowstorm in Boston, and did not arrive until half way through the second day of the symposium.

    “THE FUTURE: What the Scientific Information Society Can Offer”

    The next session was a bit of a misnomer. It was a mix of topics, ranging from GIS to technological access for urban and rural poor people to sociological aspects. The sociological paper was simply a written paper read aloud, with a singular lack of the use of any of the technology we had been discussing. The sociological presentation simply served to emphasise the growing gap between scientists and some social scientists, and made me uncomfortably aware of why the Sokal hoax had worked so well amongst the social science journals; the presentation was unnecessarily rife with jargon that obscures rather than informs.

    As an aside, for those unfamiliar with the Sokal hoax, Allan Sokal is a Professor of Physics at New York University who submitted a hoax article, “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity” to the journal Social Text. As the Skeptics Dictionary says (http://skepdic.com/sokal.html):

    The article was a hoax submitted, according to Sokal, to see “would a leading journal of cultural studies publish an article liberally salted with nonsense if (a) it sounded good and (b) it flattered the editors’ ideological preconceptions?” It would. Needless to say, the editors of Social Text were not pleased.

    What Sokal was attacking was the view amongst some social scientists that “physical reality” is a social construct, whereas the existence of an external “world” is an underlying premise in science. There is insufficient space to explore this issue adequately here, but the reader is referred to the many websites dealing with the Sokal “affair” (especially, e.g., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sokal_Affair and http://www.drizzle.com/~jwalsh/sokal/), and Sokal’s own site ( http://www.physics.nyu.edu/faculty/sokal/)

    [ Amato writes at length of the Sokal Affair in sokal text: another funny thing happened on the way to the forum; and it is discussed in Kilgore’s review of Technoscience and Cyberculture, and Ciccoricco’s Contour of a Contour, eds. ]

    In that session, nonetheless, were two presentations that stand out in my mind, those by Lida Brito, the Minister of Higher Education, Science, and Technology for Mozambique, and Onno Purbo, an engineer from Indonesia. Purbo talked about how to “Facilitate Fast and Self-Propelled Internet Access: Return to Society,” a presentation that was shifted from the second day into the first day’s programme. His presentation was, in many ways, a useful counterpoint to Serageldin’s, in particular the “Hole in the Wall” PC, noted above. Purbo obtains PC’s at low cost, usually sold cheaply or donated by large companies that are upgrading their computing systems. These PC’s are then made available in “classrooms” placed in poor urban and rural areas so that the local people can use the computers. They also learn to use the Internet. Purbo provides access by, as he put it, “stealing” open frequencies. He uses antennas ingeniously constructed from old tin cans; these are sufficient to provide the signal needed. He uses open source software, and emphasised that mass education is the key to providing a basic education to the broad populace.

    His presentation also served to emphasise that education is crucial for informed and useful access to the Internet. Too many people, of whatever socio-economic level, “surf” the Net without any thought about the “information” they are obtaining. The websites they access are often a source of disinformation and misinformation. However, this also serves to reinforce the democratic nature of the Internet. We cannot control how people use the Web, and the fact that there are hundreds of sites devoted to Elvis may or may not be a sad commentary on our society, but it nonetheless also serves to show us how uncontrollable the Internet is.

    I present the Elvis example, one noted at the meeting, not to denigrate the use of the Internet and the Web for such purposes. What it shows is that new technologies have become new instruments of entertainment, when the hope was that they would become self-directed teaching tools. My main point is that during many of the RSIS sessions, a number of our “elder statesmen” (and they were almost all male) talked about “control.” They seek to control access, information flow, and the development of the Internet. In this way, our “leaders” show their fundamental ignorance of this creature. I emphasise, again, Berners-Lee’s description of the Internet as a fractal and chaotic thing.

    Brito’s presentation was, in contrast, a passionate “wish” list of what she would like to do and see happen, both in Mozambique and beyond. Her list was focussed around the themes of wider literacy and ” relevant ” knowledge.

    The session ended with a panel discussion, ostensibly “Reflections on the Role of Science in the Information Society.” The participants each gave a short presentation, with a very brief period at the end for discussion. Most were much as expected, and a number were largely political in nature. One exception was Juergen Renn, of the Max Planck History of Science Institute and ECHO (European Cultural Heritage On-Line), who was concerned that the “core of cultural heritage is largely excluded from information technology” and noted how ECHO was formed to address this. He also briefly talked about the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. (The full declaration can be found at: www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html). While the goals of the declaration are laudable, a number of participants were concerned about the lack of copyright protection, citing cases where work done by researchers in developing countries was plagiarised by researchers in developed countries.

    So concluded the first day of the conference. A number of us noted a general lack of self-criticism in most of the presentations. There was a lot of vague language and abundant use of clichés, much “looking to the future” and long wish lists. The most exciting presentations, for me, were the ones that discussed concrete examples of taking IT to the broader populace, often in quite revolutionary ways, in all of the meanings of that phrase.

    PARALLEL SESSIONS

    I attended the session on “Contributions to Environment.” Other sessions were on Education, Economic Development, Health, and Enabling Technologies. All of these sessions had quite active online forums for discussion in the months leading up to the RSIS and WSIS symposiums, and the forums can be reviewed at the RSIS website. Most of us contributed to more than one online discussion group, but attended only one parallel session.

    In the Environment session, most of the presentations focussed on technical and management issues. David Williams of EUMETSAT talked about the Global Earth Observation Systems and Strategies, focussing on data management and the move toward an Integrated Global Observation Strategy (IGOS), which seeks a comprehensive integrated effort. Such a move needs a “shared strategy,” and involves the participation of the UN, international scientific and research programmes, space agencies, etc. They seek to develop a common approach to surface and satellite observations. The international weather observation and forecasting network is one successful example where a common strategy and approach has been developed. Williams had many interesting and pithy quotes: “The world is full of data and short on information” is probably my favourite.

    Patricio Bernal, of UNESCO and the IOC, talked about the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS). There are regional GOOS “alliances.” New Zealand, where I am based, is a member of one such regional alliance. Bernal noted, however, that there needs to be an adaptation of international norms for data sharing to facilitate the further development of GOOS. This was a common theme that arose a number of times during the Environment parallel session, specifically, and the RSIS more generally. There are often conflicting protocols for sharing data and information and, as Williams’ quote illustrates, a set of data is not always usable information.

    Josef Arbacher of the ESA talked about Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), a programme for monitoring of regional development, management of risk, and the guidance of crisis management and humanitarian aid. The ESA aims to have full capacity by 2012-2015. The EU will be spending 628 million euros in the 2004-2006 fiscal period, rising to 5005 million euros by the 2007-2015 period. Again, the issue of data sharing and accessibility arose, in addition to questions of data verification and transparency of the process.

    Stuart Marsh, of the British Geological Survey Remote Sensing Group, talked about Geohazards and the IS. He noted that citizens are the ultimate beneficiaries, and suggested that there are three main user groups of geohazards information: “responsible authorities”, scientists in monitoring and government agencies, and research scientists. They have different needs, e.g., baseline inventory of hazards, monitoring, rapid dissemination of information during a crisis, etc. He noted, as did the others in the session, the need for an integrated approach from surface to space, and the need for but difficulty in bringing together the different types of data. Again, this raised the issue of data management. Marsh’s presentation also highlighted, however, the gap in our knowledge about the scientific literacy of our public “authorities.” Those responsible may well be local or regional officials who are far removed from those who gather and use the data/information. These officials may have no understanding of the processes involved, and their concerns may in fact run counter to the actions that should be taken to avert a crisis. The current crisis in South Asia in the wake of the tsunami illustrates many of these concerns. An early warning system was not in place because of the cost (both for the infrastructure development and for ongoing support) and because of the lack of technical expertise to staff such an enterprise.

    This illustrates a major gap in the entire RSIS - there was little or no consideration of how we get technical information to the public officials and to the wider population. The entire issue of scientific literacy was glossed over, and instead most presenters focussed on those who were trained to use the data, when, as I noted earlier, most people are using the Internet in an undirected and uninformed way, so that they are unable or unwilling to distinguish “good” reliable information from poor quality “information” or even from reports that were consciously devised to misinform the “public.”

    After Marsh, Stuart Salter, who leads the Species Information Service (SIS) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), gave probably the most thoughtful of the Environmental presentations. He discussed “appropriate technologies.” As an example to start off his talk, he mentioned an emergency in Belize where large volumes of vaccine were required, but which went bad because of a lack of refrigeration. Those providing the vaccine were unaware of such a lack; it never occurred to them that large parts of the world still lack refrigeration. He used this to highlight the problem when a network of scientists (who he described as “free spirited individuals”), give “information” that needs to be organised in a common format and then propagated up and out into the community. His premise was that complex ICT systems could allow a simple “front end” and often can be configured by users to suit their purposes. He noted the need to change the “paradigm” whereby scientists visit a country, do their research, then leave and publish the results, leaving no net results in the visited country. He emphasised the need for using scientists in regional networks, working in existing well-functioning scientific and conservation networks. Then the data are vertically integrated in a relational database, using a GIS format. This is the mode of operation used successfully by the SIS for decades. The data are controlled by the scientific community, and the quality of the data is overseen by Specialist Groups, of which there are 128 in the SIS. The data are continuously updated. The SIS has thus grown from existing networks, rather than imposed from outside, which explains why it has worked so well.

    Finally, Luigi Fusco of the ESA talked about “Emerging Technologies for Earth Observation and Environmental Applications.” He used as his example the wreck of the tanker “Prestige” off the northwest coast of Portugal and Spain. He noted that the satellite data were insufficient to be used alone, and that a wide range of technologies and their associated data, from surface through to satellite observations, needed to be integrated in a complex information management system. This theme of the need for integration of different types of data and information from a range of technologies and scales of observation arose again and again throughout the session.

    CLOSING SESSIONS

    The closing sessions were in two parts: a series of summaries of the thematic parallel sessions were presented, followed by a “panel discussion,” closing remarks from the Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and then the “Key Message” from the RSIS, presented by the Director-General of CERN. Given that the “Key Message” did not differ at all from the text circulated before the RSIS meeting, many of us wondered why we had spent two days talking about the various issues. We concluded that the greatest benefit may well arise from the creation of a network of individuals interested in the issues raised by the RSIS symposium.

    The session summaries raised some common themes and issues. One of the primary issues is the integration and sharing of data within complex structures, and the desire to get IT into rural and poor urban communities. The goal to fight illiteracy, generally, and scientific illiteracy, more specifically, is a major obstacle in the building of an Information Society, which requires the wider availability and use of IT, from tertiary institutions everywhere, not just in developing countries, to remote communities.

    Finally, the panel discussion amounted to little more than prepared statements from “elder statesmen” (men without exception, all elderly except for Tim Berners-Lee), and was perhaps symbolic of much of the meeting. Berners-Lee spoke for two minutes and encapsulated the essence of the Internet and the Information Society better and more succinctly than any other speaker. It is decentralized and “fractal” in its nature, and inherently uncontrollable and ungovernable. Yet so many of the politicians on the panel, for most were politicians, used outmoded and outdated paradigms and language in their politically motivated speeches. They kept talking about “governance” of the Internet and IT. I can only conclude that our political “leaders” have little or no idea about the Internet tiger they have by the tail. It is fundamentally an anarchic, often revolutionary creature, one that will refuse to be confined and controlled.


              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 09-01-2015 with Barry Roark        
    Playlist:

    Penguin Cafe Orchestra- Numbers 14 - Concert Program
    Julia Sweeney- Food Spoken Word Album Version - God Said Ha
    Mike Pace And The Child Actors- Best Boy - Best Boy
    Mike Pace And The Child Actors- Kiss Fly - Best Boy
    Giant Sand- House In Order - Heartbreak Pass
    The Walkabouts- Horizon Fade - Travels In The Dustland
    Yo La Tengo- The Ballad Of Red Buckets - Stuff Like That There
    - voicebreak -
    Yo La Tengo- Friday Im In Love - Stuff Like That There
    D H S- Intergalactic Dub - Attention Earth People
    My Morning Jacket- I Cant Wait Bonus Track - The Waterfall Deluxe
    The Mynabirds- Last Time - Lovers Know
    David Lynch- Good Day Today - Crazy Clown Time Deluxe Edition
    - voicebreak -
    Public Enemy- Honky Talk Rules - Man Plans God Laughs
    Dirtmusic- Narha feat Aminata Wassidj Traor - Lion City
    Dirtmusic- Movin Careful - Lion City
    Vetiver- Cant You Tell - The Errant Charm
    The Piedmont Brothers Band- Little Annie - Back To The Country
    Spiritualized- Death Take Your Fiddle - Songs In AE
    Ratatat- Drift - Magnifique
    Tanlines- Brothers - Mixed Emotions Bonus Track Version
    Ben Harper And The Innocent Criminals- Another Lonely Day Live - Live From Mars
    Ultimate Painting- Out In The Cold - Green Lanes
    The Brian Jonestown Massacre- Le Cadeau - Musique De Film Imagin
    Fort Knox Five- Ready Go feat Raashan Ahmad - Pressurize The Cabin
    Pinback- Bouquet - Autumn Of The Seraphs
    Manuel Diogo- Moninga Yaka Na Yesu - Music Of Angola
    Spain- I Lied - The Blue Moods Of Spain
    Spain- Ray Of Light - The Blue Moods Of Spain
    Split Lip Rayfield- Day The Train Jumped The Tracks - Never Make It Home
    Twerps- Empty Road - Range Anxiety
    The Pop Group- Mad Truth - Citizen Zombie
    Jason Lytle- Matterhorn - Dept Of Disappearance Deluxe Edition
    - voicebreak -
    Euforquestra- Soup - Soup
    Quantic And His Combo Brbaro- Undelivered Letter - Tru Thoughts 15th Anniversary Deluxe Version
    M Ward- Lets Dance - Transfiguration Of Vincent
    - voicebreak -
    Blur- Mirrorball - The Magic Whip


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-09-01
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 07-21-2015 with Barry Roark        
    Playlist:

    Les Dantz And His Orchestra- Louie Louie - The Best Of Louie Louie
    Various Artists- Shriekback My Spine Is The Bassline 1982 12 Edit - Disco Not Disco Post Punk Electro
    Hot Chip- Easy To Get - Why Make Sense
    The Frames- Happy - Burn The Maps
    16 Horsepower- Neck On The New Blade - Sackcloth n Ashes
    Saravah Soul- Mestico - Tru Thoughts 15th Anniversary Deluxe Version
    The Geraldine Fibbers- Richard - Lost Somewhere Between The Earth And My Home
    Giant Sand- Wayfaring Stranger Fly Me To The Moon - Cover Magazine
    Treepeople- Big Mouth Strikes Again - Something Vicious For Tomorrow
    Jack Eliza- Circle Meets The Line - Gentle Warnings
    The Dub Funk Association- A Chilled Out Version - Sounds Of The Heavyweight
    TBone Burnett- The Sixties - Proof Through The Night
    Mr Gnome- The Sea - The Heart Of A Dark Star
    Jeb Loy Nichols- Heaven Right Here - Parish Bar
    Dan Deacon- Alight Spiral Snip - Rework Philip Glass Remixed
    World Party- World Groove Do The Mind Guerrilla - Ship Of Fools 12
    Goat- Gathering Of Ancient Tribes - Commune
    Ohio Players- Skin Tight - Skin Tight
    Thievery Corporation- The Passing Stars feat Pam Bricker - Waxploitation Presents Causes 1
    Jef Stott- White Tara - Psychedelic Planet
    Dubskin- Chop Chop - Release From Fear
    Sonny Knight The Lakers- Cave Man Live - Do It Live
    Various Artists- The Power - Best Of 90s Dance Music Vol 1 HipHouse Jam
    DA Terence- Kernow - The Wire Tapper 35
    Speedy Ortiz- Dvrk Wvrld - Foil Deer
    - voicebreak -
    The Rural Alberta Advantage- To Be Scared - Mended With Gold
    Spain- Untitled 1 - The Blue Moods Of Spain
    IRoy- DayO - Sound System Anthology
    - voicebreak -
    Sounds From The Ground- Forward Charge - Alchemy
    Deptford Goth- Two Hearts - Songs
    The Outer Lords- Here I Come - Tozama
    Johnny Bertrams- The Plow - Johnny Bertram
    Ghislain Poirier- Astheure - Beats As Politics


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-07-21
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 05-22-2015 with Nat        
    Playlist:

    Anas Mitchell- Why We Build The Wall feat Greg Brown - Hadestown
    Bjrk- Vkur - Medulla
    Orbit Service- Reap - A Calm Note From The West
    Brian Eno- The Big Ship - Another Green World
    - voicebreak -
    Django Reinhardt- Brazil - Swing 42
    Ramonet Y Sus Rumberos- Bacalao Salao - Soul Jazz Records Presents Gipsy Rhumba The Original Rhythm Of Gipsy Rhumba In Spain 19651974
    A Hawk And A Hacksaw The Hun Hangr Ensemble- Ihabibi - A Hawk And A Hacksaw And The Hun Hangr Ensemble
    Antonio Gonzalez- Sarandonga - Soul Jazz Records Presents Gipsy Rhumba The Original Rhythm Of Gipsy Rhumba In Spain 19651974
    - voicebreak -
    OOIOO- Sizuku Ring Neng - Kila Kila Kila
    Venetian Snares- Cancel - Cavalcade Of Glee Dadaist Happy Hardcore Pom Poms
    Vangelis- Irlande - Opera Sauvage
    Vladislav Delay- Hetkonen - Kuopio
    Kangding Ray- Evento - Solens Arc
    The Black Dog- Train By The Autobahn Pt 1 - Radio Scarecrow
    The Black Dog- Mind Object - Tranklements
    Booka Shade- Love Inc - Eve
    - voicebreak -
    Nortec Collective- Manuel Santillan El Len - Tributo A Los Fabulosos Cadillacs
    Juaneco Y Su Combo- La Cumbia Del Pacurro - Peru Maravilloso Vintage Latin Tropical And Cumbia
    Los Zheros- Para Chachita - Peru Maravilloso Vintage Latin Tropical And Cumbia
    The Books- Be Good To Them Always - Lost And Safe
    Paul De Jong- Auction Block - IF
    John Fahey- On The Sunny Side Of The Ocean - Legend Of Blind Joe Death
    Tom Waits- Goin Out West - Bone Machine
    Kalamath Brothers- Only Son - Kalamath Brothers
    16 Horsepower- American Wheeze - Hoarse


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2015-05-22
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-14-2015 with Barry Roark        
    Playlist:

    Port OBrien- I Woke Up Today - The Wind And The Swell
    Peter Bjorn John- May Seem Macabre - Gimme Some
    Beardyman- You Only Like What You Know - Distractions
    The Bug- Dirty feat Flowdan - Angels Devils
    Robert Wyatt- Chelsa - 68
    - voicebreak -
    Spain- Untitled 1 - The Blue Moods Of Spain
    Nick Waterhouse- Aint There Something That Money Cant Buy - Holly
    The Waterboys- I Can See Elvis - Modern Blues
    THEESatisfaction- Post Black Anyway - EarthEE
    Pinback- Offcell - Offcell
    Dubmatix- Liberation feat Longfingah - Rebel Massive
    Real Estate- Younger Than Yesterday - Days
    The Jones Girls- Will You Be There - Funk Soul Brothers Sisters Ghetto Funk Classics Southern Fried Soul Killers
    Tomas Pagan Motta- Up And Away - Tomas Pagan Motta
    - voicebreak -
    QUESTION MARK MYSTERIAN- Beachcomber - More Action
    Verckys LOrchestre Vv- Sex Veve - Verckys LOrchestre Vv Congolose Funk Afrobeat Psychedelic Rumba 19691978
    Various Artists- Radio City Feat Bajka The Hop - HVW8 Presents Music Is My Art
    Via Tania- Moonbow - Via Tania And The Tomorrow Music Orchestra
    The Real Tuesday Weld- The Show Must Go On - I Lucifer
    The Radio Dept- On Your Side - Passive Aggressive Singles 20022010
    The Omens- John Fonte Blues - Destroy The E S P
    Various Artists- Pretty 50s - Mulholland Drive
    Sky Cries Mary- We Will Fall - A Return To The Inner Experience
    Sometymes Why- You Little Trustmaker - Superhits Of The Superstrs
    Robyn Hitchcock- When I Was A Kid - Gravy Deco
    The Sonics- Save The Planet - This Is The Sonics
    Tom Tom Club- Happiness Cant Buy Money - The Good The Bad And The Funky
    Happy Mondays- Do It Better - Bummed
    The Pinker Tones- Maybe Next Saturday - The Million Colour Revolution
    Steve Wynn Linda Pitmon- Jack Candy - Got No Chains The Songs Of The Walkabouts
    - voicebreak -
    Calexico- Follow The River - Edge Of The Sun
    Sufjan Stevens- Should Have Known Better - Carrie Lowell
    Jos Gonzlez- Leaf Off The Cave - Vestiges Claws


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-04-14
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-27-2015 with Nat        
    Playlist:

    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    Black Sabbath- Sweet Leaf - Master Of Reality
    Halden Wofford And The HiBeams- Pretty Boy Floyd - Rocky Mountain Honky Tonk
    International Submarine Band- Truck Driving Man - Truckers Kickers Cowboy Angels The Blissed Out Birth Of Country Rock Volume 1 19661968
    The Byrds- One Hundred Years From Now - Sweetheart Of The Rodeo
    Buffalo Springfield- Pay The Price - Buffalo Springfield
    The Dillards- Nobody Knows - Truckers Kickers Cowboy Angels The Blissed Out Birth Of Country Rock Volume 1 19661968
    Creedence Clearwater Revival- Fortunate Son - Willy And The Poor Boys 40th Anniversary Edition Remastered
    Songs Ohia- Farewell Transmission - Magnolia Electric Co 10th Anniversary Deluxe Edition
    Lisandro Meza- Cumbia Negra - Realeza De La Cumbia Sonidera
    Los Corraleros De Majagual- Si No Me Quieres No Me Engaes - Que Rico Sabor Colombiano
    Chancha Via Circuito- Bosques Va Temperley feat Kumbha Kethu - Rodante
    Senor Coconut Y Su Conjunto- Autobahn - El Baile Aleman
    Davie Allan The Arrows- The Chase - The Wild Angels Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
    Ronee Blakley- Tapedeck In His Tractor - Nashville The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
    Pere Ubu- Caligaris Mirror - Dub Housing
    Davie Allan The Arrows- Theme From The Wild Angels - The Wild Angels Soundtrack
    Talking Heads- Road To Nowhere - Little Creatures Remastered
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    Rabbit Rumba- Nuestro Ayer - Soul Jazz Records Presents Gipsy Rhumba The Original Rhythm Of Gipsy Rhumba In Spain 19651974
    A Hawk And A Hacksaw- Foni Tu Argile - Dlivrance
    Besh O Drom- Makedn - Gy
    Mariana Sadovska- Kupala - Just Not Forever
    Bjrk- Atom Dance - Vulnicura
    Equulei- Polemic Verses - Fifteen Hours Twenty Eight Minutes
    Arovane- Cleiy - Ve Palor
    Aphex Twin- CIRCLONT6A 14198 syrobonkus Mix - Syro
    Aphex Twin- Diskhat1 - Computer Controlled Acoustic Instruments Pt2 EP
    Aldo Ciccolini- Trois Gymnopdies 1888 I Lent Et Douloureux - Essential Satie
    Geinoh Yamashirogumi- Primordial Germination - Ecophony Rinne
    Messer Chups- Mess Surf - Cocktail Dracula
    Malory- Beauty - Not Here Not Now Remastered Bonus Tracks
    Oneohtrix Point Never- Meet Your Creator - Commissions I Single


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2015-02-27
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-12-2015 with Joel Davis        
    Playlist:

    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    Fofoulah- Dont Let Your Mind Unravel Safe Travels - Fofoulah
    Ester Rada- Lose It - Ester Rada
    Celt Islam- In This World feat Danman - Irfan Ep
    FirewoodPoetry- The Anatomist - Demo
    Fabiano Do Nascimento- Primeira Estrella - Danca Dos Tempos
    Karl Hector The Maclouns- Beyond Squares - Coomassi
    - voicebreak -
    Herbert- Bumps - Part 7
    J Dilla- Jay Dee 3 - Jay Dee Aka J Dilla The King Of Beats Box Set
    Eccodek- Singing In Tongues Morgan Doctor Remix - Remixing In Tongues
    Freq Nasty- Check It Out feat Skibadee - Botchit Breakspeech
    Dungen- Panda - Ta Det Lugnt
    Giant Sand- Spell Bound - Blurry Blue Mountain
    Asaf Avidan- The Labyrinth Song - Gold Shadow
    Aretha Franklin- Lights Out Diplos Panda Bear Mix - Top Ranking a Diplo Mix Feat Santogold
    - voicebreak -
    1 Giant Leap- What I Need Is Something Different feat Boots Riley Speech Omani Beduin - What About Me Awakening
    Mr Lies- Flood You - Flood You Medusa Single
    KNDL- Get Faded - KNDL
    Sonido Desconocido II- Cumbia De La Cuesto Del Nero - Cumbia De La Cuesto Del Nero Single
    Horseman- Computer - Dawn Of The Dread
    Raw Produce Feat Mr Lif- I Am Myself - Sleepyhead Ii Classic Combos
    DJ Brokenwindow- Hair Nails Percolator - Parallel Universe 1
    Nobukazu Takemura- Serene - Mr Scruffs Big Chill Classics
    Dengue Fever- Vacant Lot - The Deepest Lake
    Telemachus- Land Snail - In Morocco
    J Dilla- Jay Dee 7 - Jay Dee Aka J Dilla The King Of Beats Box Set
    The KutiMangoes- Something Yellow - AfroFire
    Dolores Vargas- AChiLiPu - Soul Jazz Records Presents Gipsy Rhumba The Original Rhythm Of Gipsy Rhumba In Spain 19651974
    Charleston Okafor- Silly Things DJ Spooky Remix - Unreleased
    The Breeders- Cannonball - Last Splash
    Swami John Reis The Blind Shake- Zulu As Kono - Modern Surf Classics
    Miss Kenichi- Under My Skirt - Collision Time
    Intended Immigration- Noctambule - Una Cartina
    Freddie Cruger And Anthony Mills Are Wildwookie- Serious Drug - Shapes Compilation 1101
    Vijay Iyer Mike Ladd- Jon Stewart On Crossfire - Still Life With Commentator
    Omar Giammarco- El Justiciero - Tribute To Os Mutantes El Justiciero Cha Cha Cha
    Various Artists- Zydeco Force Zydeco From 1988 - Schultze Gets The Blues
    Bjork- Army Of Me Martin White Accordion Mix - Army Of Me Remixes And Covers
    Deadbeat- Deep Space - Adventures In Hyper Reality Single
    Nuba Nour- Dessy Lemon - Dessy Lemon Single
    Panda Bear- Boys Latin - Panda Bear Meets The Grim Reaper Bonus Mr Noah EP Edition
    Chimurenga Renaissance- Bloggers Vs Journalists - Kudada Nekuva Munhu Mutema
    Ancient Astronauts- Calvert Street Rock - Second Sky Thomas Blondet Remixes
    Butcher Knives- Butcher Knives Unite feat Ephniko - Misery
    William Onyeabor- Crashes In Love - Crashes In Love
    Alucidnation- Spring - Aural Architecture
    Various Artists- What The World Needs Now Is Love - Great Jewish Music Burt Bacharach
    Boards Of Canada- Turquoise Hexagon Sun - Hi Scores
    MC Maiquinho- Bonde Do Psico - Bonde Do Psicozona Sul jmay Remix
    Marti Nikko DJ Drez- Jaya Radha Madhava - Dreaming In Sanskrit
    Red Baraat- Bhangale Oochale feat Delicate Steve - Gaadi Of Truth
    Shawn Lee- Christopher Walken On Sunshine feat Princess Superstar - Sing A Song
    RJD2- Final Frontier Instrumental - The Horror Deluxe


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2015-02-12
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-10-2015 with Barry Roark        
    Playlist:

    - voicebreak -
    Taken By Trees- Indigo Dub - Other Worlds
    The Growlers- Black Memories - Chinese Fountain
    Panda Bear- Faces In The Crowd - Mr Noah EP
    The Rural Alberta Advantage- The Build - Mended With Gold
    SUPREME BEINGS OF LEISURE- Touch Me - Divine Operating System
    Stereolab- Three Women - Chemical Chords
    Philip Glass Philip Glass Ensemble Michael Riesman Linda Moss Lois Martin Julian Barber Al Brown Maureen Gallagher Seymour Barab John Abramowitz Fred Zlotkin Richard Peck Jack Kripl Jon Gibson Sharon Moe Larry Wechsler- Rubric - Glassworks Expanded Edition
    Sunbears- Hes A Lie Hes Not Real - Future Sounds
    Blue Rodeo- Rose Colored Glasses - Greatest Hits Vol 1
    The Headhunters- God Make Me Funky - Survival Of The Fittest
    REM- How The West Was Won And Where It Got Us - New Adventures In HiFi
    Jos Gonzlez- The Forest - Vestiges Claws
    The Waterboys- Some Of My Best Friends Are Trains - A Pagan Place
    Bright Eyes- If The Breakman Turns My Way - Cassadaga
    Jaffa- Legs - Legs
    Spain- Im Still Free - The Soul Of Spain
    Songs Ohia- Two Blue Lights - Didnt It Rain
    Dub Is A Weapon- Destiny - Vaporized
    Various Artists- Bastard Sons Of Johnny Cash - Beginners Guide To Americana
    Dead Moon- Play With Fire - Hard Wired In Ljubjana
    Spot 1019- Milkbomb - Spot 1019
    Soul Coughing- Soft Serve - Irresistable Bliss
    Tiger High- Dont Ask Why - Inside The Acid Coven
    Diamond Fist Werny- Fountain Head - Long View To The Sky
    The Walkabouts- Prayer For You - Watermarks
    Dirtmusic- The Big Bend - Troubles
    Various Artists- The New Flesh Wherever We Go - Well Deep Ten Years Of Big Dada Recordings
    Sons And Daughters- Johnny Cash - Love The Cup
    Ween- Voodoo Lady - Chocolate Cheese
    Dub Spencer Trance Hill- Echo Beach - Riding Strange Horses
    Dub Spencer Trance Hill- Jeanny - Riding Strange Horses
    Tindersticks- Chilitetime - Can Our Love
    Oh No- Carnival - Dr Nos Ethiopium
    St Germain- Dub Experience II - Boulevard
    Stereophonic Space Sound- Robot A Go Go - Fluid Sound Box


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-02-10
              Drupal Global Sprint Weekend January 28, 2017 and January 29, 2017        

    Small local sprints everywhere (well, not everywhere, but anywhere) will be held during the weekend of January 28 and 29 2017. Listed alphabetically by continent, country, locality (state, province, city; where applicable).


    Sprint Locations

    Worldwide/Virtual

    1. Remote sprint with an Accessibility focus - join the remotesprint Slack group for more. You need to join the Drupal Slack Group first (it's a lovely excuse to join if you never have)

    Africa

    1. ?

    Asia

    1. India

      1. Mohali, Chandigarh- Jan 28 - Details
      2. Gurgaon, Delhi-NCR - Jan 28 - Details
      3. Chennai, Tamil Nadu - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup
      4. Bangalore, Karnataka - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup
      5. Hyderabad, Telangana - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup

    Australia

    1. Canberra, #govCMS Camp, Jan 30-31 Register & details

    Europe

    1. Belgium

      1. Ghent, Jan 28th, Belgian DUG & Calibrate - details
    2. Bulgaria

      1. Sofia Jan 29 BulDUG - initLab Details
    3. Germany

      1. Berlin Jan 28-29 Drupal Berlin Details
    4. Italy

      1. Milan Jan 28 @Wellnet Details and application
    5. Russia

      1. Novosibirsk Jan 28-29 DrupalSib (Details will follow)
    6. Switzerland

      1. Zurich Jan 28 @ AmazeeLabs Meetup details
    7. United Kingdom

      1. London Jan 28 @Manifesto Digital Details
      2. Sheffield Jan 28-29 by Drupal Yorkshire, Union St & Magnetic Phield Details
    8. Netherland

      1. Amsterdam Jan 28-29 Details
    9. Hungary

      1. Budapest Jan 28 @Cheppers Details
    10. Poland

      1. Wroclaw Jan 28 @Ratio Web; details, FB
      1. Warsaw Jan 28 @New Emma Hostel; details, FB
    11. Serbia

      1. Novi Sad, Jan 28 @Develomon, details: drupal.rs
    12. Spain

      1. Cáceres, Jan 28th, details
      2. Bilbao, Jan 28th, details
      3. Sevilla, Jan 28th, details
    13. Slovenia

      1. Ljubljana, Jan 28 @ Agiledrop, details: g.d.o, Meetup

    Latin America

    1. Argentina
      1. Buenos Aires, Jan 28th, @MediaMonks details
    2. Perú
      1. Lima, Jan 28th, CTIC-UNI details

    Canada & US

    1. Canada
      1. Toronto, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
      2. London, Ontario, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
      3. Vancouver, BC, Canada - Jan 27 @ 5pm - Jan 28 - Details
    2. US
      1. Georgia, Atlanta - Jan 28-29 - Details
      2. Massachusetts, Boston - Jan 28-29 - Details
      3. North Carolina, Charlotte - Jan 28 - Details
      4. Texas, Austin - Jan 28-29 - Details
      5. NYC, New York - Jan 28 - Details

    To contribute

    This is a wiki page. Please edit.


    To participate

    • use "Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017" in the description of your sprint meetup, sprint camp session, mini-sprint, wind-sprint, or all-day sprint, like: "Drupal All-day Sprint in Anywhere Town, IL, USA is part of Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017."
    • add a link to your sprint on this page. The link can be to a website, meetup, event on groups.drupal.org, blog post or whatever is appropriate for your event.
    • link back to this listing of local sprints
    • add an "event" of type "sprint" on groups.drupal.org in a group for your area, to put your sprint on drupical.com and get exposure to people in your area
    • use the #SprintWeekend hash tag on twitter
    • use the tag "SprintWeekend2017" on d.o issues (no # in this tag name!)

    Suggested announcement

    A blurb to add to your session/event description (edit to fit your event):

    Everyone is welcome; if you have built a site in Drupal, you can contribute. We will split into groups and work on Drupal core issues. Bring your laptop. For new folks: you can get a head start also by making an account on Drupal.org, getting some contribution tools, and developers can install git before coming and git clone Drupal 8 core.

    Resources to help plan your sprint

    Resources for participating in a sprint

    (needs updating for 2017, but this is a start)

    Issues and Topics to Sprint On

    Initiative leads and module maintainers should create and link to planning pages.

    Past global sprints

    The curious might want to see the locations from 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013.


              Information For Your Knowledge        
    Information For Your Knowledge
    • Knowledge of