SSB Retail India launches two more Specialty Malls        

by Shrutee K/DNS
Hyderabad, 4th August 2017: SSB Group is a leading structural galvanizing company which is in a retail sector mall in Hyderabad.

The SSB World Shopping Mall has come up with a two brand ‘Alpine’- the supermarket and ‘Casabene’- the furniture mall. Casabene has its branches in Kolkata, Hyderabad and is now launching 2 more new branches in Hyderabad.

The company has diversified into retailing. The 3rd retailing space at Chakripuram  is 7000 sq. ft which has a combination of Alpine Super Market & Casabene Furnitures. The 4th retailing space at North Kamalanager ECIL is 2000 sq. ft which also has a combination of Alpine Super Market & Casabene Furnitures.
The retail industry is very competitive; in order to give extra mileage SSB is having its own manufacturing facilities. They believe in delivering excellent quality products with customer satisfaction. The Chief Guest for the event will be honourable Smt. Pajjuri Pavani Manipal Reddy (Corporator) for A S Rao Nagar Division, SSB Directors - Y Sharath Babu & Ajay Kumar Singh and Chairman - Ramakanth Singh. Mr Ajay Kumar Singh & Mr Sarath Babu - Directors, of SSB believes in giving good lifestyle supplies at competitive prices.
 
The retailing product will be: Supermarket/Furniture/Home Décor/Home Accessories/Home related products

USP: Exclusively designed/Concept selling/Manufacturing Quality Products/Craftsman and Finishing/Free interior advice/Large collection under one roof

The business plan is to diversify and open 10 Branches of Alpine Super Market & Casabene Furniture in the twin cities.

About SSB: SSB is a Turkey service provider, established in August 2013, SSB Structural and Galvanizing Pvt Ltd is an enterprise by two pragmatic visionaries. As an emerging sector, it is present in telecom, power, heavy and general fabrication and infrastructure. It was able to export structural material in the second year of inception. The company has a turnover of 50 crores and it will have 100 crores of turn over year.

          Cinque buoni motivi per (non) leggere D'Annunzio        
Quest'estate ho intrapreso un viaggio in automobile attraverso i classici della prosa italiana. Per non partire da troppo lontano, ho limitato l'arco temporale agli ultimi due secoli; sono entrato al casello dell'Ortis, ho proseguito per Manzoni, poi ho attraversato le Operette morali e lo Zibaldone e, già che c'ero, mi sono concesso una deviazione per i Canti e i Paralipomeni. Durante la sosta in autogrill, davanti a una piadina e a un quartino di Chianti, ho pensato a quanto ero fortunato per il fatto che né Carducci né Pascoli si fossero mai dedicati alla narrativa; poi ho imboccato con fiducia il rettilineo che conduce al grande De Roberto attraverso il grandissimo Verga.

Fin qui tutto bene. Ma già sapevo che, dopo la barriera in uscita dall'A-800, e prima di imboccare con decisione l'A-900, avrei dovuto attraversare un tratto di raccordo pericoloso e arduo.

Ecco che già si snoda sotto i miei occhi la temutissima tangenziale D'Annunzio, con le sue cinque uscite.

1. E' un classico. Può esservi capitato, per motivi di lavoro o di studio, di dover leggere parecchi testi italiani risalenti alla fine del diciannovesimo o all'inizio del ventesimo secolo. Non necessariamente testi letterari: anche articoli di giornale o saggistica. Vi sarete accorti di quanto spesso lo stile appare gonfio, ampolloso, enfatico. E' come se, in quel periodo, un'epidemia di cattiva retorica (il "dannunzianismo") si fosse abbattuta sulla prosa italiana. E però: quando un autore riesce a imprimere in modo così massiccio e durevole la propria impronta sulla lingua nella quale scrive, questo autore è ciò che si dice un classico. Vale a dire che D'Annunzio non può essere tralasciato, in quanto rappresenta una fase di evoluzione della lingua italiana.

"Ma, trapassando il simbolo materiale, ci abbandoniamo con ansia alla virtù evocatrice dei profondi accordi in cui il nostro spirito sembra oggi trovare il presentimento di non so qual sera grave di belle fatalità e d'oro autunnale su un porto quieto come un bacino d'olio odorifero ove una galera palpitante d'orifiamme entrerà con uno strano silenzio come una farfalla crepuscolare nel calice venato d'un gran fiore".

2. E' decadente. Mettiamo che un bel mattino vi svegliate e vi sentiate esteti. Ovviamente non lavorate, e non avete il problema della sussistenza materiale. Fra i moltissimi modi a vostra disposizione per iniziare la giornata (il sesso, l'equitazione, il gioco d'azzardo, le droghe, bighellonare per il centro cittadino, ecc.) scegliete di leggervi un buon libro. Siete snob, e quindi sdegnate l'idea di leggere una volgare traduzione. Siete pigro, e non vi va di approcciare Proust né Wilde in lingua originale. Siete italiano, e vi dovete accontentare di quello che passa il convento. E allora non c'è via di scampo. Alla richiesta "estetismo decadente", la letteratura italiana risponde con D'Annunzio. O cambiate arte (Puccini è una validissima alternativa), oppure vi tocca tirare giù dall'ultimo scaffale il poeta di Pescara.

"Ricordi la ventesima delle variazioni beethoveniane sul tema del Diabelli dedicate ad Antonia Brentano? - diceva Aldo, svegliando nella profondità della nera cassa quegli accordi in cui per una miracolosa trasfigurazione il tema principale è irriconoscibile. - Non sembra armonizzata su quel fondo ove la croce le scale i corpi i singhiozzi le grida gli aneliti la luce non penetrano? Ascolta; e guarda quell'azzurro opaco sordo eguale, senza raggio, senza nube, di là da cui spazia forse quella regione della vita ove una sola cosa importa".

3. E' un poeta. Nonostante tutto, in D'Annunzio c'è del bello. Egli si autodefinì "l'Imaginifico" (con la I maiuscola, e una emme sola). Infatti, la sua prosa è caratterizzata da una strabordante varietà di immagini, di similitudini e di metafore. In gran parte sono rumore di fondo e gratuito orpello kitsch. Ma, per un puro fatto statistico, ogni tanto qualcuna è giusta. In altre parole, D'Annunzio funziona un po' come quei comici che producono battute a raffica, velocissime: alla fine ridi, un po' per sfinimento e un po' perché fra le tante ce n'era una buona.

"E nella faccia e nella mano era tanta forza d'espressione e d'illuminazione, ch'elle parevano sorpassare la realtà e intagliarsi nel cielo stesso del fato, come quando il crinale delle Dolomiti solo arde nei crepuscoli inciso contro tutta l'ombra e ciascuno dei suoi rilievi s'addentra nell'anima di chi mira e vi s'eterna".

4. E' conseguente. Come si sa, l'opera di D'Annunzio ha anche una ben precisa connotazione politica. Non mi dilungo su questo aspetto, però voglio rilevare che, sotto questo punto di vista, moltissimi italiani sono dannunziani, senza saperlo o sapendolo. Non tanto, e non solo, per una questione di appartenenza a certi partiti o a certe ideologie; quanto per il fatto di condividere con D'Annunzio un determinato rapporto con il reale. Infatti, il tipico atteggiamento dannunziano nei confronti della realtà non consiste nel riconoscerla così com'è, né tanto meno nel cercare di cambiarla. Consiste nel mistificare, sempre e comunque, e con ammirevole pertinacia e coerenza, la realtà. Se D'Annunzio fosse un software, sarebbe una specie di Matrix che trasfigura esteticamente tutti gli oggetti dell'esperienza facendo apparire "bella" ogni cosa. Se D'Annunzio fosse un odierno manager della TV, la sua ambizione sarebbe quella d'ideare un palinsesto così avvincente da tenere tutti i telespettatori attaccati allo schermo ventiquattr'ore su ventiquattro, dimentichi della vita e desiderosi di sempre nuove illusioni. Se D'Annunzio fosse un politico... Ma lo fu, tra l'altro. E fece scuola, ed ebbe tanti seguaci. E molti ne avrebbe ancora oggi, se fosse vivo.

"Né soltanto verso quella moltitudine ma verso infinite moltitudini andò il suo pensiero; e le evocò addensate in profondi teatri, dominate da un'idea di verità e di bellezza, mute e intente dinanzi al grande arco scenico aperto su una meravigliosa trasfigurazione della vita, o frenetiche sotto il repentino splendore irradiato da una parola immortale. E il sogno d'un'arte più alta levandosi in lui anche una volta, gli dimostrò gli uomini novamente presi di reverenza verso i poeti come verso coloro i quali potevano soli interrompere per qualche attimo l'angoscia umana, placare la sete, largire l'oblio. E troppo gli parve lieve quella prova ch'egli compiva; poiché mosso dal soffio della folla il suo spirito si stimò capace di generare finzioni gigantesche".

5. E' morto. Alla fine questa è la cosa più importante. Dall'esperienza dannunziana la nostra letteratura uscì vaccinata: per un paio di generazioni gli scrittori sfuggirono la retorica e cercarono una lingua scabra ed essenziale.

"Io non comprendo perché oggi i poeti si sdegnino contro la volgarità dell'epoca presente e si rammarichino d'esser nati troppo tardi o troppo presto. Io penso che ogni uomo d'intelletto possa, oggi come sempre, nella vita creare la propria favola bella. Bisogna guardare nel turbinio confuso della vita con quello stesso spirito fantastico con cui i discepoli del Vinci erano dal maestro consigliati di guardare nelle macchie dei muri, nella cenere del fuoco, nei nuvoli, nei fanghi e in altri simili luoghi per trovarvi invenzioni mirabilissime e infinite cose".

Sì, certo.
E l'orifiamma e la ventesima variazione e l'arco scenico e le Dolomiti...
Le Dolomiti?
Mi sa tanto che ho sbagliato uscita.
Sto andando verso il Brennero.
Arrivederci, Italia!

[Già pubblicato su Evulon]
          Mozart schedato da Buscaroli        
Va subito detto che il titolo del libro di Piero Buscaroli, La morte di Mozart (Rizzoli, Milano 1996, pp. 373) è fuorviante. L'oggetto della trattazione di Buscaroli non è, infatti, "la morte di Mozart", bensì gli ultimi dieci anni di vita del grande compositore. L'intento dichiarato di Buscaroli è quello di demolire tutta una serie di leggende, falsità e luoghi comuni che, secondo lui, si sarebbero accumulati intorno alla figura di Mozart ad opera dei suoi biografi otto e novecenteschi: il Mozart di Buscaroli sarebbe infine quello genuino ed autentico, finalmente restituitoci dopo due secoli di menzogne.

Mi sembra che il punto di vista di Buscaroli sia politicamente determinato e che questa componente politica sia un elemento essenziale del suo metodo. Infatti, Buscaroli è un nostalgico dell'ancien régime, né più né meno. Tutto ciò che deriva dall'Illuminismo e dalla Rivoluzione francese, per Buscaroli, è pura e semplice aberrazione. Buscaroli non accetta nulla della modernità; del feudalesimo, invece, rimpiange ogni aspetto (per esempio anche l'elevata mortalità infantile, p. 261). Questo suo punto di vista radicalmente antimoderno dovrebbe, nelle intenzioni di Buscaroli, garantirgli una completa indipendenza dalle ideologie correnti nella nostra epoca e consentirgli così di vederci più chiaro di ogni altro biografo mozartiano prima di lui.

In altre parole, il libro di Buscaroli non si basa affatto su una ricerca archivistica che abbia prodotto fonti inedite e di prima mano. Si basa, invece, sulla reinterpretazione delle fonti già note, le quali, sotto l'occhio limpido e scevro di pregiudizi di Piero Buscaroli, rivelerebbero alfine quella verità che nessuno, prima di lui, aveva veduto.

Le fonti principali di Buscaroli sono infatti: l'epistolario mozartiano; la raccolta di documenti a cura di Erich Deutsch Mozart. Die Dokumente seines Lebens, Kassel 1961; e le prime biografie mozartiane di Schlichtegroll (1793), Niemetschek (1798), Nissen (1828) e Jahn (1856-59). Sono tutti materiali ben conosciuti e ampiamente utilizzati dalla critica mozartiana. Buscaroli esprime invece il massimo disprezzo per il W. A. Mozart di Hermann Abert (1921), opera considerata fondamentale da tutti ma non da Buscaroli il quale, naturalmente, è anche in costante e aspra polemica con quasi tutta la critica mozartiana novecentesca.

Vediamo allora, più nel dettaglio, qual è il bersaglio polemico della ricostruzione buscaroliana.

Mozart, che all'età di venticinque anni lasciò il servizio dell'Arcivescovo di Salisburgo per trasferirsi a Vienna, dove cercò di mantenersi con i proventi della sua attività di pianista e compositore, è oggi celebrato come il primo grande musicista dell'epoca borghese, colui il quale, per primo, tentò di conquistarsi lo status di libero artista, riscattando così la figura del musicista dal suo ruolo di dipendente delle corti. Nelle parole del sociologo Norbert Elias (1991): "Da outsider borghese al servizio della corte, Mozart combatté fino in fondo, con incredibile coraggio, una battaglia di affrancamento dai suoi padroni e committenti aristocratici. Lo fece di propria iniziativa, per amore della propria dignità di uomo e del proprio lavoro di musicista. E perse la battaglia [...]". Secondo Elias, Mozart perse la battaglia (e la vita) in quanto i tempi non erano ancora maturi per lui: la lotta di Mozart si svolse in una nazione, l'Austria del settecento, che si trovava "in una fase dello sviluppo sociale nella quale i rapporti di potere tradizionali erano praticamente ancora intatti".

Per l'ultrareazionario Buscaroli, questa moderna visione di Mozart come artista rivoluzionario è fumo negli occhi. Con grande insistenza, Buscaroli ci propone invece un Mozart meschino, pavido e conformista, caratterizzato dalla "evidente mancanza di superiori doti intellettuali e morali" (p. 342). "Mai anelò al riscatto sociale e politico della figura dell'artista, cercava un reddito fisso, ma alto" (p. 32). "Il libero mercato dell'arte gli si spalanca, e lui continua a sperare in un impiego a corte, meglio a Vienna, dove potrebbe, tutt'al più, raddoppiare lo stipendio di ora. Uomo libero è solo a parole [...]. I suoi sogni sono quelli di un impiegato" (pp. 183-4).

Tutto il libro di Buscaroli pullula di simili osservazioni, che in verità sono reiterate tanto spesso, quanto poco sono seriamente argomentate. E non potrebbe essere diversamente, dato che, come ho detto sopra, le fonti di Buscaroli sono le stesse dei critici mozartiani che lui tanto disprezza. Se, per loro, queste fonti disegnano una determinata figura e per Buscaroli la figura esattamente opposta, ciò dipenderebbe solo dal fatto che Buscaroli è intelligente e onesto, mentre gli altri autori sono stupidi e/o in malafede.

Un esempio del metodo argomentativo di Buscaroli lo si trova nella trattazione delle dimissioni di Mozart dalla corte arcivescovile di Salisburgo nel giugno 1781. In quella circostanza, com'è noto, il segretario dell'Arcivescovo, un tale conte Arco, per tutta risposta all'insistenza con cui Mozart continuava a chiedergli di accettare la sua richiesta di dimissioni, assestò al musicista un calcio nel sedere. Questo episodio, che ha suscitato l'indignazione unanime di tutta la posterità, viene raccontato da Buscaroli con le tecniche adottate dagli avvocati difensori di chi viene processato per stupro:
A) minimizzare. "Credette di dover ridurre alla ragione il musicista ribelle con la zotica seppur benintenzionata famigliarità elargita a sguatteri e inservienti".
B) Insinuare dubbi sulla veridicità del fatto. "E se fosse tutta invenzione [...]?"
C) Sostenere che la vittima, in fondo, se l'è cercata. "E il giovane genio dal corpo minuto [...] fece tutto quanto poteva per trarlo fuori dai gangheri" (tutte le citazioni sono dalla p. 53).
Il tutto al palese scopo di tessere l'apologia di un sistema sociale, nel quale era possibile che un Mozart venisse preso a calci dallo scagnozzo di un feudatario.

A ciò aggiungiamo il fatto che, della musica di Mozart, Buscaroli parla poco o nulla: al Don Giovanni sono dedicate in tutto 3 (tre) pagine, nelle quali Buscaroli si limita a dirci che Da Ponte copiò il libretto da Giovanni Bertati; e sai che novità! Questo ci dà la misura di quanto la lettura di questo libro possa risultare tediosa e irritante.

Questo, almeno, per le prime duecentosessanta pagine. E' solo quando Buscaroli inizia a parlare degli ultimi mesi di vita di Mozart, che il suo discorso comincia a farsi un minimo interessante. A proposito della genesi del Requiem, Buscaroli propone una tesi che, pur non essendo necessariamente giusta, non è né futile né banale. Secondo Buscaroli (il quale, per una volta, avverte onestamente il lettore di non aver prove di quanto afferma: p. 324), l'incompiutezza del Requiem non sarebbe dovuta alla morte improvvisa del compositore, bensì ad una sua scelta deliberata. Infatti, Mozart fu incaricato della composizione da un nobile musicista dilettante, il conte Walsegg-Stuppach, il quale intendeva appropriarsi della stessa paternità dell'opera: il conte voleva cioè far eseguire il Requiem (dalla propria orchestra di corte) figurandone lui come autore.

Secondo Buscaroli, quando Mozart si rese conto dei termini di questo incarico (che inizialmente aveva accettato per necessità di denaro), maturò un invincibile disgusto per il lavoro che gli era stato commissionato: la sua coscienza artistica e professionale si ribellò all'idea di dover comporre un'opera che non avrebbe mai potuto rivendicare come sua. Sarebbe questo, secondo Buscaroli, il vero motivo per cui il Requiem rimase incompiuto.

Una prova a sostegno della sua ricostruzione sarebbe costituita, secondo Buscaroli (il quale considera il Requiem di Mozart un'opera minore e mal riuscita), dalla stessa scarsa qualità musicale della composizione. Mozart, cioè, sapeva di dover scrivere un'opera che sarebbe andata sotto il nome di un musicista dilettante: perciò la scrisse in modo volutamente sciatto, adoperando ad esempio un "contrappunto opaco, scontato, da manuale" (p. 325), e alla fine si rifiutò senz'altro di completarla, meditandone probabilmente la distruzione.

Buscaroli, però, sembra non rendersi conto che quanto lui scrive in queste pagine finali, a proposito del Mozart autore del Requiem, contraddice in modo stridente quanto egli stesso ha sostenuto nel corso di tutti i capitoli precedenti. Se Mozart, dal 1781 fino all'estate del 1791, era quel piccolo-borghese pusillanime e opportunista che Buscaroli si è sforzato di dipingere, come si spiega questo improvviso scatto di orgoglio e di dignità a pochi mesi dalla morte?

A me sembra, invece, che in queste pagine finali gli occhiali dell'ideologia siano in qualche modo caduti dal naso di Buscaroli, il quale, alla fine, non può a fare a meno di riconoscere a Mozart quelle qualità umane che fin qui gli aveva ostinatamente e faziosamente negato.

Per finire, ho seri dubbi sulla valutazione critica che Buscaroli riserva al Requiem. Non trascurerei il fatto che quest'opera sembra attualmente la più popolare fra quelle del suo autore. Ad esempio, se si digita Mozart nella casella di ricerca di "YouTube", il Requiem è la prima opzione che viene proposta. Senza dubbio, ciò si deve in gran parte al film Amadeus. Ma in parte, secondo me, lo si deve anche alla relativa semplicità di fruizione del Requiem che Buscaroli, a suo modo, evidenzia, pur senza comprenderne le ragioni. Non dimentichiamo che Mozart, poco prima di morire, fu testimone dell'enorme successo del suo Flauto Magico, un'opera scritta per un teatro della periferia di Vienna e destinata ad un pubblico popolare.

Forse Mozart, dopo aver volutamente sfidato il gusto dell'aristocrazia, e dopo l'amara esperienza del mancato sostegno da parte del pubblico borghese, negli ultimi mesi di vita iniziò a intravedere la possibilità di rivolgersi ad un pubblico interamente nuovo, posto al di fuori delle classi dominanti del presente e dell'immediato futuro. E cominciò a orientare la sua scrittura musicale all'obiettivo di conquistare ed educare, se necessario anche calibrando il livello di complessità compositiva, questo nuovo pubblico.

(Trovate la presente recensione anche su Evulon).
           The IRS and Church Tax Exemptions        

The debate over religion and politicking has pitted clergy against clergy in the key battleground state of Ohio. In a highly unusual move, over 60 members of the clergy of a variety of Christian and Jewish denominations filed a complaint with the IRS accusing Pastor Russell Johnson and another pastor of improperly using their churches in political activities. More

The post The IRS and Church Tax Exemptions appeared first on Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly.


          '..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention .. Financial politicians..' (no replies)        
'..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention..'

'This Fed has already engineered the next crisis, just as Greenspan kept rates too low for too long, ignored his regulatory responsibility, and engineered the housing bubble and subprime crisis. If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention. The Trump Fed is going to have to deal with that crisis, but we still have many questions as to what a Trump Fed will actually look like or do.'

John Mauldin (Source, Jun 25, 2017)


'..Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

'Powerful people everywhere routinely make decisions that hurt others. We see it in central bankers, politicians, corporate CEOs, religious groups, universities – any large organization. The old saying is right: Power really does corrupt. And corruption is a barrier to sustainable economic growth. This is more than a political problem; it has a serious economic impact.

Recent psychological research suggests that powerful people behave remarkably like traumatic brain injury victims. Controlled experiments show that, given power over others, people often become impulsive and less sensitive to risk. Most important, test subjects often lose empathy, that is, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others.

..

Powerful people also lose a capacity called “mirroring.” When we observe other people doing something, our brains react as if we were doing the same thing. It’s why, when you watch a sporting event, you may unconsciously mimic a golf swing or the referee’s hand signals. Some portion of your brain thinks you are really there. But when researchers prime test subjects with powerful feelings, their mirroring capacity decreases.

You can see why this is a problem. The Protected-class members of the Federal Open Market Committee must feel quite powerful when they gather in that fancy room to make policy decisions. It’s no wonder they forget how their decisions will affect regular working-class people: Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

- Patrick Watson, The Wedge Goes Deeper, June 30, 2017


'..I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest..'

'Re-entering the news flow was a jolt, and not in a good way. Looking with fresh eyes at the economic numbers and central bankers’ statements convinced me that we will soon be in deep trouble. I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest. Just a few months ago, I thought we could avoid a crisis and muddle through. Now I think we’re past that point. The key decision-makers have (1) done nothing, (2) done the wrong thing, or (3) done the right thing too late.

Having realized this, I’m adjusting my research efforts. I believe a major crisis is coming. The questions now are, how severe will it be, and how will we get through it? With the election of President Trump and a Republican Congress, your naïve analyst was hopeful that we would get significant tax reform, in addition to reform of a healthcare system that is simply devastating to so many people and small businesses. I thought maybe we’d see this administration cutting through some bureaucratic red tape quickly. With such reforms in mind I was hopeful we could avoid a recession even if a crisis developed in China or Europe.

..

One news item I didn’t miss on St. Thomas – and rather wish I had – was Janet Yellen’s reassurance regarding the likelihood of another financial crisis. Here is the full quote.

Would I say there will never, ever be another financial crisis? You know probably that would be going too far, but I do think we’re much safer, and I hope that it will not be in our lifetimes and I don’t believe it will be. [emphasis added]

I disagree with almost every word in those two sentences, but my belief is less important than Chair Yellen’s. If she really believes this, then she is oblivious to major instabilities that still riddle the financial system. That’s not good.

..

Financial politicians (which is what central bankers really are) have a long history of saying the wrong things at the wrong time. Far worse, they simply fail to tell the truth. Former Eurogroup leader Jean-Claude Juncker admitted as much: “When it becomes serious, you have to lie,” he said in the throes of Europe’s 2011 debt crisis.'

- John Mauldin, Prepare for Turbulence, July 9, 2017


'..Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

'This week marks the five-year anniversary of Draghi’s “whatever it takes.” I remember the summer of 2012 as if it were yesterday. From the Bubble analysis perspective, it was a Critical Juncture – for financial markets and risk perceptions, for policy and for the global economy. Italian 10-year yields hit 6.60% on July 24, 2012. On that same day, Spain saw yields surge to 7.62%. Italian banks were in freefall, while European bank stocks (STOXX600) were rapidly approaching 2009 lows. Having risen above 55 in 2011, Deutsche Bank traded at 23.23 on July 25, 2012.

It was my view at the time that the “European” crisis posed a clear and immediate threat to the global financial system. A crisis of confidence in Italian debt (and Spanish and “periphery” debt) risked a crisis of confidence in European banks – and a loss of confidence in European finance risked dismantling the euro monetary regime.

Derivatives markets were in the crosshairs back in 2012. A crisis of confidence in European debt and the euro would surely have tested the derivatives marketplace to the limits. Moreover, with the big European banks having evolved into dominant players in derivatives trading (taking share from U.S. counterparts after the mortgage crisis), counter-party issues were at the brink of becoming a serious global market problem. It’s as well worth mentioning that European banks were major providers of finance for emerging markets.

From the global government finance Bubble perspective, Draghi’s “whatever it takes” was a seminal development. The Bernanke Fed employed QE measures during the 2008 financial crisis to accommodate deleveraging and stabilize dislocated markets. Mario Draghi leapfrogged (helicopter) Bernanke, turning to open-ended QE and other extreme measures to preserve euro monetary integration. No longer would QE be viewed as a temporary crisis management tool. And just completely disregard traditional monetary axiom that central banks should operate as lender of last resort in the event of temporary illiquidity – but must avoid propping up the insolvent. “Whatever it takes” advocates covert bailouts for whomever and whatever a small group of central bankers chooses – illiquid, insolvent, irredeemable or otherwise. Now five years after the first utterance of “whatever it takes,” the Draghi ECB is still pumping out enormous amounts of “money” on a monthly basis (buying sovereigns and corporates) with rates near zero.

..

Thinking back five years, U.S. markets at the time were incredibly complacent. The risk of crisis in Europe was downplayed: Policymakers had it all under control. Sometime later, the Financial Times - in a fascinating behind-the-scenes exposé - confirmed the gravity of the situation and how frazzled European leaders were at the brink of losing control. Yet central bankers, once again, saved the day – further solidifying their superhero status.

I’m convinced five years of “whatever it takes” took the global government finance Bubble deeper into perilous uncharted territory. Certainly, markets are more complacent than ever, believing central bankers are fully committed to prolonging indefinitely the securities bull market. Meanwhile, leverage, speculative excess and trend-following flows have had an additional five years to accumulate. Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

- Doug Noland, Five Years of Whatever It Takes, July 29, 2017


'..This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.'

'While I've written about numerous valuation measures over time, the most reliable ones share a common feature: they focus on identifying "sufficient statistics" for the very, very long-term stream of cash flows that stocks can be expected to deliver into the hands of investors over time. On that front, revenues are typically more robust "sufficient statistics" than current or year-ahead earnings. See Exhaustion Gaps and the Fear of Missing Out for a table showing the relative reliability of a variety of measures. In April 2007, I estimated that an appropriate valuation for the S&P 500 stood about 850, roughly -40% lower than prevailing levels. By the October peak, the prospective market loss to normal valuation had increased to about -46%. As it happened, the subsequent collapse of the housing bubble took the S&P 500 about -55% lower. In late-October 2008, as the market plunge crossed below historically reliable valuation norms, I observed that the S&P 500 had become undervalued on our measures.

Again attempting to “stimulate” the economy from the recession that followed, the Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to zero in recent years, provoking yet another episode of yield-seeking speculation, where yield-starved investors created demand for virtually every class of securities, in the hope of achieving returns in excess of zero. Meanwhile, Wall Street, suffering from what J.K. Galbraith once called the “extreme brevity of the financial memory,” convinced itself yet again that the whole episode was built on something more solid than quotes on a screen and blotches of ink on paper..

..

..greater real economic activity was never the likely outcome of all this quantitative easing (indeed, one can show that the path of the economy since the crisis has not been materially different than what one could have projected using wholly non-monetary variables). Rather, Ben Bernanke, in his self-appointed role as Mad Hatter, was convinced that offensively hypervalued financial markets - that encourage the speculative misallocation of capital, imply dismal expected future returns, and create temporary paper profits that ultimately collapse - somehow represent a greater and more desirable form of “wealth” compared with reasonably-valued financial markets that offer attractive expected returns and help to soundly allocate capital. Believing that wealth is embodied by the price of a security rather than its future stream of cash flows, QE has created a world of hypervaluation, zero prospective future returns, and massive downside risks across nearly every conventional asset class.

And so, the Fed created such an enormous pool of zero interest bank reserves that investors would feel pressure to chase stocks, junk debt, anything to get rid of these yield-free hot potatoes. That didn’t stimulate more real, productive investment; it just created more investors who were frustrated with zero returns, because someone had to hold that base money, and in aggregate, all of them had to hold over $4 trillion of the stuff at every moment in time.

When you look objectively at what the Fed actually did, should be obvious how its actions encouraged this bubble. Every time someone would get rid of zero-interest base money by buying a riskier security, the seller would get the base money, and the cycle would continue until every asset was priced to deliver future returns near zero. We’re now at the point where junk yields are among the lowest in history, stock market valuations are so extreme that we estimate zero or negative S&P 500 average annual nominal total returns over the coming 10-12 year horizon, and our estimate of 12-year prospective total returns on a conventional mix of 60% stocks, 30% Treasury bonds, and 10% Treasury bills has never been lower (about 1% annually here). This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.

Examine all risk exposures, consider your investment horizon and risk-tolerance carefully, commit to the flexibility toward greater market exposure at points where a material retreat in valuations is joined by early improvement in market action (even if the news happens to be very negative at that point), fasten your protective gear, and expect a little bit of whiplash. Remember that the “catalysts” often become evident after prices move, not before. The completion of this market cycle may or may not be immediate, but with the median stock at easily the most extreme price/revenue ratio in history, and a run-of-the-mill outcome now being market loss on the order of -60%, the contrast between recent stability and likely future volatility could hardly be more striking.'

- John P. Hussman, Ph.D., Hot Potatoes and Dutch Tulips, July 31, 2017


Context

(2017) - '..a deeply systemic debt crisis akin to the aftermath of 1929 .. the stage has now been set..'

(Banking Reform - Monetary Reform) - '..debt is our biggest security threat..'

'..the Next 30 Years: “Everything is Deflationary”..'

          '..the mayors of Paris, Madrid, Mexico City and Athens plan to banish diesels from their city centres by 2025.' (no replies)        
'In Germany, for example, Deutsche Post has started building its own electric vans and will soon start selling them to other companies..'

'The clock may be ticking for petrol and diesel-powered cars, but it's vans, trucks and buses that are driving the electric vehicle revolution on the world's roads.

This week the UK government followed France in announcing it would ban the sale of such vehicles by 2040, while the mayors of Paris, Madrid, Mexico City and Athens plan to banish diesels from their city centres by 2025.

..

In Germany, for example, Deutsche Post has started building its own electric vans and will soon start selling them to other companies. Meanwhile, in the US, the city of Los Angeles plans to make its entire bus fleet emissions-free by 2030.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) believes that keeping global temperature rises below 2C by the end of the century will in part depend on the electrification of some 600 million vehicles worldwide.

..

Frost & Sullivan's Ananth Srinivasan says it it easier for freight fleet owners to justify investment in electric vehicles because "when they look at the cost for miles travelled over, say, two years with an electric van versus one powered by petrol or diesel", the financial benefits are obvious.'

- Chris Baraniuk, Electric trucks and vans cut pollution faster than cars, 28 July 2017

Context

Team Solid: Metal Fuels

'..to get rid of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025..' - Britain bans gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040

'..wood burning is the single largest source of hazardous particle pollution during winter, creating even more particle pollution than vehicles and industry.'

          Service Mini Horse “Teddy” Gets Custom Ride from Friendly Ford        

ROSELLE, Illinois—Equine Dreams, a non-profit therapeutic riding center in Newark, Illinois, is getting a unique customization for its miniature horse transporter vehicle, courtesy of Friendly Ford in Roselle. A Ford Excursion is being modified by the dealership to carry “Teddy,” the group’s star miniature horse. Equine Dreams provides therapeutic horseback riding to both kids and […]

The post Service Mini Horse “Teddy” Gets Custom Ride from Friendly Ford appeared first on Car News in the USA.


          RENUNGKANLAH SAUDARAKU SEMUA        
Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood, Menulis Hingga Nafas Berakhir
Ia mendapat ijazah dibidang Teologi Kristen. Namun pengetahuan Kristen-nya yang begitu mendalam menjadikan dia mencintai Islam. Ingin terus menulis hingga akhir hayat Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood dilahirkan pada tahun 1942 di kota London, Inggris. Ruqayyah merupakan salah satu penulis buku-buku Islam paling produktif. telah menghasilkan lebih dari 30 buku berkenaan dengan Islam. Buku-bukunya termasuk best seller dan menjadi referensi serta rujukan di berbagai negara. Awalnya dia dibesarkan dalam lingkungan Kristen Protestan. Nama asalnya ialah Rosalyn Rushbrook . Dia memperoleh ijazah dalam bidang Teologi Kristen dari Universitas Hull tahun 1963. Pengetahuan Kristennya begitu mendalam hingga dia menulis beberapa buah buku, tentang Kristen. Tapi rupanya, karena pengetahuannya yang begitu mendalam tentang Kristen pula yang menyadarkannya. Ia dapati ajaran Kristen telah banyak menyimpang, terutama yang berkaitan dengan konsep Trinitas. Akhirnya tahun 1986, diusia 44 tahun, dia memeluk Islam. Tahun 2001 dia dianugerahkan Muhammad Iqbal Awards karena sumbangannya yang tinggi dalam pengembangan metodologi pengajaran Islam. Bahkan Maret 2004 Ruqayyah terpilih sebagai salah satu dari 100 wanita berprestasi di dunia. Berikut rangkuman kehidupannya dikutip dari berbagai sumber. Orang beriman tak takut dengan penderitaan hidup; tak takut dengan kematian; juga tak takut dengan kehidupan setelah dunia ini; karena Allah bersama mereka. Mereka tak sendirian, Allah selalu menemani dan membimbingnya. Allah itu nyata, Dia menyayangi kamu. Dia mengetahui semua kesukaran yang kamu hadapi dalam perjuangan. Bahkan, jika kamu berbuat salah, Dia masih tetap mencintaimu.モ ~Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood~ Bait-bait kalimat di atas menggambarkan betapa teguhnya hati seorang Ruqayyah. Bait penuh makna itu diadopsinya dari ayat-ayat suci Al-Quran. Dia memang menumpukan setiap tulisannya dengan memasukkan petuah-petuah dari Al-Quran dan hadis Nabi Muhammad SAW. Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood yang diilahirkan tahun 1942 di London, Inggris, pada ada usia 8 tahun telah jadi seorang anak yang memiliki komitmen yang tinggi dengan Kristen sebagai hasil dari panggilan hatinya. Setelah menamatkan program sarjana ilmu teologi (1963) dan master bidang pendidikan (1964) dari Universitas Hull, dia selama hampir 32 tahun mengelola program studi ilmu-ilmu keagamaan di berbagai sekolah dan perguruan tinggi di Inggris. Dia menikah dengan penyair Georg Morris Kendrick pada tahun 1964. Dari perkawinannya dengan Georg mereka memiliki dua orang anak, Daniel George lahir 1968 dan Frances Elisabeth Eva lahir 1969. Tahun 1986 pasangan itu bercerai. Tahun itu pula masuk Islam dan tahun 1990 menikah lagi dengan pria keturunan Pakistan, Waris Ali Maqsood namanya. モSaat ini Islam dicap sebagai agama bermasalah. Sangat tidak adil. Karena itu saya berupaya menulis untuk memperbanyak literatur-literatur Islam. Harapa saya agar, melalui tulisan-tulisan itu, dapat membantu memperbaiki atmosfir yang kurang berpihak ke Islam,ヤ cetusnya. モSaya sangat tertarik menggeluti sejarah Islam, terutama tentang kehidupan wanita-wanita di sekitar Nabi Muhammad. Saya acapkali meng-counter kampanye anti Islam yang mendiskreditkan wanita Muslim,ヤ kata dia. Best seller Mau tahu seberapa produktifnya dia? Catat saja, sewaktu masih bernama Rosalyn Rushbrook dia menghasilkan 9 buah buku yang umumnya berisi isu agama. Dan satu volume buku kumpulan puisi. Lalu selepas hijrah ke Islam, dia menghasilkan sekitar 30 buah buku. Saat ini dia memiliki 9 buah buku yang masih dalam proses penerbitan. Dia juga menulis berbagai artikel di majalah maupun koran yang berkaitan dengan Islam dan Muslim. Salah satu sumbangannya yang paling penting bagi komunitas Islam adalah The Muslim Marriage Guide (Petunjuk Pernikahan bagi Muslim). Buku itu menjadi rujukan dan direkomendasikan, tidak saja untuk pasangan yang akan menikah namun juga bagi mereka yang telah lama mengarungi bahtera rumah tangga. Bagi kalangan non Muslim, terutama yang sedang mendalami Islam, tentu saja buku Ruqayyah menjadi referensi yang sangat berharga. Dalam buku yang bernilai tinggi itu dia menggambarkan kehidupan Nabi Muhammad SAW dan para sahabatnya dilengkapi dengan petunjuk, tatacara dan hukum perkawinan. Tak hanya dia juga menguraikan bagaimana pertalian suami istri dalam hal warisan dan sejenisnya. Jadi sangat terpadu dan lengkap. Ruqayyah pernah diundang oleh Hodder Headlines untuk menulis buku Islam for the World Faiths (Islam bagi Penganut Agama se-Dunia). Saat ini buku itu telah dicetak sebanyak tiga kali dan termasuk salah satu buku best seller. Tak hanya buku-buku kategori モberatヤ, dia juga menulis buku-buku tentang bimbingan konseling bagi remaja Islam. Juga ada beberapa buku saku, antara lain; a Guide for Visitors to Mosques, a Marriage Guidance booklet, Muslim Womenメs Helpline. Bukunya di Indonesia banyak diterbitkan oleh Mizan. Misalnya Menciptakan Surga Rumah Tangga. Lalu buku bimbingan untuk remaja berjudul Menyentuh Hati Remaja. Buku itu mengulas seputar solusi untuk mengatasi problema-problema remaja. モMengapa hidup kita di dunia ini kadang-kadang berlalu dalam keadaan sulit. Ada cerita terkenal tentang seorang petani Afrika yang menanam rami. Ia harus menanamnya dalam keadaan yang sulit, dengan kondisi tanah yang mematahkan punggung dan dengan sedikit hujan untuk menyiraminya. Ketika ia pindah ke tempat yang iklimnya lebih bersahabat, ia membawa beberapa tanaman rami tersebut, dengan pikiran bahwa tanamana ini akan mudah tumbuh di tempat yang baru. Ya, tanaman itu memang tumbuh, besar, hijau dan subur; tetapi ketika ia mencabut batang itu untuk mengeluarkan seratnya, ternyata batangnya tidak berisi serat kecuali ampas. Tanaman itu memerlukan kondisi sulit untuk mengembangkan kekuatan batangnya,ヤ tulis Ruqayyah dalam buku bimbingan remajanya, dengan perumpamaan yang gampang dimengerti remaja dan juga memberi motivasi hidup. Silabus Islam モSaya juga diminta menulis buku teks yang dipakai secara luas di Inggris selama hampir 20 tahun. Buku-buku teks itu dipakai oleh kalangan pribadi, muallaf, dan pelajar-pelajar sekolah umum dan madrasah. Tidak saja di Inggris tapi juga di beberapa negara lainnya,ヤ begitu katanya. Ya, memang Ruqayyah juga sibuk menulis buku-buku teks yang banyak dijadikan rujukan. Ia membantu mengembangkan silabus bagi pelajar sekolah agama, bekerjasama dengan dinas pendidikan setempat. Silabusnya tergolong unik, dibuat khusus agar pelajar mandiri. Jadi, tanpa guru atau fasilitas tetap bisa jalan. Silabusnya dirancang untuk pelajar sekolah dasar hingga perguruan tinggi. Menariknya lagi, bisa dipakai untuk pendidikan formal, non formal, misal di rumah, bahkan juga di penjara. Pokoknya untuk dimana saja. Menjadi tutor jarak jauh (distance learning) untuk Asosiasi Peneliti Muslim (AMR) adalah aktifitas lainnya. Aktifitas mengajarnya juga padat. Banyak negara telah disambanginya, diantaranya AS, Kanada, Denmark, Swedia, Finlandia, Irlandia dan Singapura. Ruqayyah juga mengajar di beberapa universitas yang ada di Inggris seperti Oxford, Cambridge Edinburg, Glasgow dan Manchester. Juga mengajar di School of Oriental and Arabic Studies di London. Atas aktifitas dan jasanya itu ia menerima Muhammad Iqbal Award tahun 2001 atas kreatifitasnya dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran Islam. Dialah muslim pertama Inggris yang pernah menerima anugerah bergengsi tersebut. Tak hanya itu, Maret 2004 Ruqayyah terpilih sebagai salah satu dari 100 wanita berprestasi di dunia. Dalam ajang pemilihan Daily Mailメs Real Women of Achievement, dia termasuk satu dari tujuh orang wanita berprestasi dalam kategori keagamaan. Menulis dan Terus Menulis Majalah Islam, Emel pernah menanyakan adakah ia merasa lelah dengan seabrek aktifitasnya itu serta bagaimana membagi waktu menulis dan mengurus rumah tangga, misalnya di kesibukannya dengan para cucunya. モSaya sangat ketat dengan waktu. Bertahun-tahun saya menjalani itu dan sudah jadi irama hidup saya, hingga semua jadi mudah. Saya biasanya menulis malam hari. Kala semua telah tidur, hingga tak ada yang mengganggu saya. Jam 4 pagi saya bangun untuk shalat subuh. Selepas itu saya tidur sejenak hingga jam 8 pagi. Beraktifitas lagi dan siangnya saya ambil waktu untuk istirahat,ヤ ujarnya. モKerja saya sehari-hari ya menulis. Kini ada lebih dari 40 buku telah diterbitkan. Belum lama saya telah menyelesaikan satu manuskrip yang sangat tebal tentang Kehidupan Rasulullah SAW. Buku berjudul モThe Life of Prophet Muhammadヤ itu diterbitkan oleh Islamic Research Institute of Islamabad tahun 2006 silam,ヤ katanya. Tentang pembajakan buku-buku, Ruqayyah mengaku sedih dengan tingginya kasus pembajakan buku terutama di negara-negara Islam. モKenyataan saat ini banyak buku-buku Islam yang dibajak dan pembajaknya adalah orang Islam sendiri. Sedih bukan? モ ujarnya risau. Tentang Yesus Dia memiliki pengetahuan Kristen begitu mendalam. Dengan pengetahuannya itu Ruqayyah bergerak atas inisiatif sendiri mencari kebenaran berdasar kajian-kajian ilmiahnya. Namun akhirnya dia meninggalkan agamanya itu setelah bergulat bertahun-tahun dalam pencarian atas pertanyaan-pertanyaannya tentang konsep teologi Trinitas. Dia tak menemukan apa-apa. Jadi Ruqayyah memeluk Islam murni berdasar latar belakang pengetahuannya dan kajian mendalam tentang ajaran ketuhanan, baik dalam Islam dan Kristen. Seperti kebanyakan muallaf lainnya, dia menyebut dirinya telah モkembaliヤ menjadi Muslim. Kini dia memperjuangkan Islam lewat tulisan dan buku-bukunya. Dalam sebuah wawancara dengan sebuah media, dia ditanya perihal konsep Islam tentang Nabi Isa yang dalam ajaran Kristen disebut Yesus. モDi negara Barat ada ajaran ilmu etika berinti pada cinta dan kasih Tuhan dan tolong menolong sesama manusia. Itu semua diajarkan juga oleh semua nabi termasuk di dalamnya, tentu saja, Nabi Muhammad SAW. Kami orang Islam juga meyakini Nabi Isa sebagai salah satu nabi yang diutus Allah,ヤ kata Ruqayyah. モSebelum Nabi Isa datang, nabi-nabi terdahulu membawa ajaran Yahudi. Kami juga beriman dengan nabi-nabi terdahulu yang diutus kepada umat-umat sebelum Islam datang, Yahudi adalah salah satu agama samawi juga. Nabi Isa datang membawa ajaran Kristen itu kami yakni juga. Kemudian Nabi Muhammad diutus Allah membawa ajaran Islam dan tugas Isa AS telah selesai, Jadi tidak seperti dipahami ajaran Kristen dengan konsep Trinitasnya yang menyatakan Yesus itu anak Tuhan. Dia memang dilahirkan dari seorang ibu, Maryam. Tanpa ayah. Jadi jangan lantas disebut sebagai anak Tuhan. Itu kuasa Allah. Jika Allah katakan モjadiヤ, maka jadilah,ヤ imbuhnya lagi. Apakah Nabi Muhammad diutus karena misi Nabi Isa dianggap telah gagal? Demikian cocoran pertanyaan menohok media tersebut. モKami tidak beriman dengan itu, bahwa misi Nabi Isa gagal. Kami beriman, dia (Isa AS) adalah salah satu utusan Allah yang terbaik bagi umatnya. Contoh dan tunjuk ajarnya ditiru oleh jutaan pengikutnya kala itu. Jika kemudian, umatnya rusak, itu bukannya karena ajaran atau misi Isa AS itu rusak lantas dikatakan gagal. Lalu untuk menyelamatkan umatnya, menghapus dosa umatnya, Isa digambarkan (dalam Kristen) mengorbankan dirinya dengan disalib. Tidak begitu. Inilah yang saya katakana ajaran Kristen telah menyimpang dari aslinya,ヤ terangnya. Cyber counsellor Salain menulis, kesibukan lainnya adalah sebagai seorang konselor. Melalui internet, ia aktif menjawab dan membantu konseling. モKegiatan lain saya adalah mengasuh bimbingan konseling online melalui e-mail hingga dijuluki sebagai cyber councellor. Tiap hari sedikitnya ada 50 e-mail yang saya terima. Kebanyakan berasal dari orang-orang minta nasehat, karena masalah budaya, perkawinan, dan bahkan masalah ketuhanan. Kebanyakan dari mereka adalah orang-orang yang dalam masa pencarian, mereka ingin tahu apa itu Islam. Bahkan ada juga dari orang yang bermaksud menyerang Islam. Kami saling bertukar pendapat. Banyak juga e-mail berisi pengaduan-pengaduan yang sifatnya sangat pribadi. Saya ini persis seperti モibu atau tanteヤ bagi mereka dalam menyelesaikan persoalan-persoalan pribadi,ヤ ungkap Ruqayyah senang. Begitupun dia mengaku sedikit sedih dengan kenyataan masih banyak kalangan Islam yang bertingkah laku kurang baik. Tidak Islami. Hingga merusak wajah Islam sendiri. モSebagai contoh di Barat, banyak anak-anak muda Arab dan Asia yang bergaul bebas dengan gadis-gadis kulit putih tanpa memperhatikan kaedah Islam. Sedihnya lagi, ada yang sampai mengandung tanpa ikatan agama. Seringnya si wanita kemudian masuk Islam. Memang baik, tapi saya kira ini bukan jalan menuju Islam yang benar,ヤ keluhnya. Begitulah, Ruqayyah kini mengisi hari tuanya di sudut kota London dengan menulis, mengasuh para cucunya, disamping juga berbagi ilmu keislamannya dengan non muslim melalui dialog antar umat beragama. Dia menyisihkan waktunya berkunjung ke sekolah-sekolah dan gereja untuk menjelaskan Islam dan memberikan pengetahuan dasar-dasar Islam. Dia berjuang keras menyadarkan berbagai pihak dengan berbagai latar kehidupan yang berbeda agar dapat saling menghargai. [Zulkarnain Jalil/www.hidayatullah.com]
          Natura Siberica Gzel Royal Berries shampoo kaikille hiustyypeille 400ml        
Tämän marjaisan shampoon kaikille hiustyypeille kehityksessä on käytetty vanhoja hiushoidon perinteitä. Kautta aikojen Siperian kansat ovat arvostaneet villimarjojen uskomatonta voimaa, jolla säilytetään kauneus ja terveys. ”Royal Berries” shampoo puhdistaa hellävaraisesti ja ravitsee hiuspohjaa, auttaa korjaaman hiusrakennetta, samalla se tekee hiuksista kiiltävät ja vahvat. Rikastettu arktisella karpalolla, joka sisältää Omega-3 ja -6 rasvahappoja, se kosteuttaa, vahvistaa ja antaa hiuksille energiaa. Lakkaa, jota kutsutaan ”kuningasmarjaksi”, oli tarjottu Venäjän tsaariperheelle yhtenä arvoikkaimmista pohjolan marjoista. Sen ainutlaatuisten ominaisuuksien ansiosta se vahvistaa hiusjuuria, suojaa ympäristön haittavaikutuksilta ja antaa hiuksille terveen ja loistokkaan kiillon. Pohjolan tyrniöljy on elävien vitamiinien lähde, se ravitsee ja elvyttää hiusrakennetta, tekee hiuksista terveet, vahvat ja kiiltävät.
          Natura Siberica hoitoaine kaikille hiustyypeille 400ml        
Tuuheuttaa ja hoitaa  Setri tekee hiukset luonnollisesti tuuheiksi ja kiiltäviksi. Imikäs suojaa hiusrakennetta kosteuttaen ja antaen hiuksille säteilevän hohdon. Kasviproteiinit ravitsevat hiuksesi, ja fitopeptidit ovat tärkeitä jokaiselle hiustyypille.
          Superb movie secret window region 2 dvd - prix incroyable - johny depp +        
Objet ayant éà servi mais qui est toujours en bon état. Le boîtier ou la pochette peut présenter des dommages mineurs comme des éraflures des rayures ou des fissures. Pour les CD le livret et le texte arrière du boîtier sont inclus. Pour les VHS et DVD le boîtier est inclus. Pour les jeux vidé les instructions sont incluses. Pour les CD et DVD le disque ne saute pas. Pour les bandes VHS image est ni floue ni neigeuse. Consulter anonce du vendeur pour avoir plus de étails et voir la description des éfauts. Afficher la éfinition de tous les états- la page ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre ou uouvel onglet... En savoir plussur étatnFormat: nDVDnZone: nZone : EuropenOrigine: nCinéma américainPackaging: nEmballén n nCHECK OUT ALL MY OTHER ITEMS BEFORE THEY SELL. n PLEASE BID PROMPTLY SO AS NOT TO LOSE OUT!!!!n NOUVELLE SOLUTION TRÈINTERESSANTE:nAchetez des autres articles ensemble pour économiser sur les frais postaux !!!n SECRET WINDOW   nBOXED DVD !n nAUDIO LANGUAGES AVAILABLE: ENGLISH OR GERMANnMOVIE SUBTITL
          Probier es doch mit Gemuetlichkeit        
Gemuetlichkeit – Aus dem Dschungelbuch-Film von Walt Disney von 1967   Wie steht es denn mit Deiner Gemuetlichkeit? Was sind Deine Gemuetlichkeit-Strategien? Wo fängt bei dir die Gemütlichkeit an? Umgibst die Dich in einer gemütlichen Atmosphäre? Bist Du gesellig? Bist du zwanglos und unbekümmert? Ein Mensch wird nie durch sich allein repräsentiert.
          Facing Foreclosure? Then You Need to Get on Board With Obama's Mortgage Loan Modification Today        
Believe it or not, you actually hold the upper hand when it comes to Mortgage Loan Modification in this situation. Your lender will have to pay a very high price to foreclose on your home. Added to this, is the mounting pressure from other companies and organizations for your lender to be more lenient with you in these hard times.

Think of all the memories your home holds for you. Do you recall the lazy days lying around or watching the children play. Maybe you have experienced countless emotions. Whether you have been happy, sad or angry, your home is something that you don't want to lose!

Your lender is not in the business of selling homes. The additional costs and fees associated with foreclosure will leave your mortgage provider looking for other suitable solutions.

With a Mortgage Loan Modification plan, you can reduce your payments for a period of 5 years to something far more affordable. The government can even reduce your mortgage principle in that time. This is a win-win situation for both parties. You get to keep your home, lower your repayments and have your mortgage balance reduced. Your lender doesn't have to go through the effort of trying to foreclose and sell your home and still receives some form of payment from you.

However, with a solution, there is usually always another problem right around the corner. Many people in your circumstances, resort to contacting attorneys, companies and specialists in mortgage foreclosure and loan modification. The fees that you can expect to pay can be astronomical and maybe even push you into further debt.

Some Loan Modification Companies have been reported to charge anywhere between $1500 - $5000 to perform this service. So this, of course, has led the way for certain individuals to fight back and complete the Mortgage Loan Modification process on their own.

If you need a step-by-step system and don't have up to $5000 to spend on Mortgage Loan Modification fees and charges then Click Here to see what other people who have "done it themselves" have to say.
          What's All This About Mortgage Loan Modification Plans?        
The Government has now come up with two plans to help people who have missed payments on their mortgage and are struggling. In this article i wish to introduce you to the one that is called a Loan Modification plan. To qualify, you need to meet the following criteria:-

- Your original mortgage loan cannot be greater than $729,000

- Your mortgage must have completed prior to January 1st 2009

- You will be required to provide proof of your income and expenditure, through payslips, tax returns and bank statements

- If your total debts are in excess of 55% of your income, you have to agree to visit credit counselling

- Finally, you must be living in the mortgaged property and will be required to write a letter in your own handwriting stating that you are in financial hardship

So what can your lender do for you in this situation?

- They can lower your monthly repayments to approximately a third of your monthly income.

- Interest has been known to be dropped to as low as 2%.

- You don't need to pay any fees for the modification as these are covered by the government

- The government are able to reduce your balance by up to $5000 over 5 years as long as you make your payments on time

- Your rate is reduced for the period of 5 years, so you may have to pay more after this period

- You are only ever allowed one modification

Loan Modification Companies have been reported to charge anywhere from $1500 - $5000 to help you with this process. If you don't have that kind of "spare" cash lying around, you will need to complete a "Do-It-Yourself" Loan Modification.

Click Here for More Info On The Do-It-Yourself Loan Modification Kit


          Wolff sells remaining Williams shares        
Mercedes motorsport boss Toto Wolff has severed all ties with Williams by selling the final five per cent of his shares in the Formula 1 team
          Account Manager        
CA-Orange, Account Manager - Project Team The Company: Transcend Information, Inc. was founded in 1988 by Mr. Chung-Won Shu, Peter, with its headquarters in Taipei, Taiwan. Today, Transcend has become a leading global brand of digital storage, multimedia and industrial products with 14 offices worldwide. Not only do we design, develop, and manufacture all of our own products, but we also market and sell them
          What does a Buffalo Drink?        

More work is getting done n the last week. We have started collection data from Buffalo Bar’s on what it is people are drinking. Hopefully we can get an honest look at what kind of beers people are buying. Its one of those hard things in Craft Brewing. You get allot of false positives from things with a ton of awards and then find you sell hardly any of it. Dogfish Head World Wide Stout is a great example, a couple hundred barrels a year for that amazing brew! Over the next month we’ll get some on the ground information and see what people are really buying and use that to adjust our offerings. It’s not to say we’re not going to do what we want. Statistically most people are drinking Bud Light, we’re not making Bud Light. Period. Since you didn’t read the period as ‘period’ I thought I’d write it out for you. Point being please tell us what beers your buying and what beers you want to buy. It’s important for us to make what Buffalo demands.

          First Formal Offer        
Our first formal lease offer on a building as come and gone without success. The problem we seem to be facing is that a brewery needs a rather strange space to fill. 18' clear ceilings, but only 10,000sqft of space. It’s almost a giant cube. Of all the issues I expected in setting up a brewery, finding space in Buffalo wasn't one of them.

The owners we have talked to have all been great guys, but the economics of everything makes it extremely hard to make a deal. No owner wants to take on the risk, or cost of divided up there building, and definitely not at the lease rate we can afford to offer. Seeing as it will be about 6-9 months after signing a lease we can start sell beer we just can't pay the big bucks people are looking for.

So at this point were back to looking at building something new. I really don't want to do that at all. It feels unreasonable to build a new building in a city full of old ones.  Next we’ll look into finding one the city has foreclosed on that isn't so broken I can't fix it for less.
          Review: Skin Food Choco Eyebrow Powder Cake        

Hello everyone. Today is Chinese New Year Eve in Singapore. Since I do not celebrate this holiday, I have some time off to do this third installment of my Althea purchase. I my first and second post can be found here and here. Before I start on my review, I would like to wish all my Chinese readers, Gong Xi Fa Cai!

I fixed my eyebrows recently at Benefit Brow Bar and the person who did my brow fill in the unevenness in my brows. I have a fairly thick and darks brows, however they are not even. So some parts of it are a little bare/bald. I have tried using eyebrow pencil and find it looking rather unnatural. Maybe because I rarely makeup and hence not really good at it. Then I tried using the colored eye brow gel from The Faceshop (review here). It is difficult to use and the color doesn't blend in with my brows.

So I was looking through Althea and wondering if they have those powder for brows (you know like the ones people use for eye shadows). Then I saw Skin Food Choco Eyebrow Powder Cake selling for only SGD$5. It was so cheap that I didn't think twice before putting it into my cart! So below is a photo on how the product actually look like. It didn't come in any dancing looking box. But it doesn't really matter to me as long as the product it not damage.

First look of Skin Food Choco Eyebrow Powder Cake

So you have choice of Grey Khaki Black or Grey Brown. I choose Grey Brown because I simply cannot imagine having khaki colored brows (I fit with warm colors better). The photos of the colors can be found below. I think you can tell which is the brown and which is the grey one. According to the website, the product contains real chocolate inside. I can't really verify it by taste (yucks) but the powder does really smell like chocolate, which is kinda of cute.

From left to right: Brown powder and grey powder
Below is a photo of the brush that came with the palette. I slightly swabbed the brush on the gray palette. As you can see the powder cake is not as pigmented as those eye shadow palettes. This lightness of the pigments can also be seen the following photo where I brushed some of the brow powder cake on hand. The top one is the brown powder cake and the bottom one is the grey powder cake.

The brush which comes with palette
From top to bottom: Brown powder cake and grey powder cake
I mixed both colors when I apply on my brown. I put the brown powder first and then layer it with grey powder. Don't underestimate the light pigment of the powder cake, a little powder goes a long way for your brows. Below you can see the before and after photo of my brows (I did not kid you when I said that my brows have some baldy areas)

Before applying Skin Food Choco Eyebrow Powder Cake
After applying Skin Food Choco Eyebrow Powder Cake
So what do I think about Skin Food Choco Eyebrow Powder Cake? Haha from the photo above, I think it works! The best of all it is extremely easy to use. The price is also a plus point. I think loose pigments of the powder also makes the eyebrows more natural looking after application.

I give this product 5/5.

Feel free to leave a comment if you have any question!

          Side-talk: The Ramen Stall at 787 North Bridge Road        
Recently I heard raves about this newly halal food establisment that sells Japanese. I see pictures of their food on various social networking platform like facebook and instagram (especially instagram). Although Singapore has sizable a muslim population, it is not easy to get halal japanese food here; especially good ones. This is because japanese usually uses mirin and pork broth in their cookings. The newly halal restaurant that I am referring to is call The Ramen Stall, located at 787 North Bridge Road. When I heard that still stall sells halal ramen, I was really excited because I am avid viewer of Japanese Hour on Channelnewsasia and often see people eating ramens. I have never tasted japanese ramen simply because it is difficult to get halal ones. I even considered going to Tokyo to get taste of halal ramen there.


So yesterday I decided to give it a try after work. The place is located all the same street as Zam Zam. I was expecting a crowd since it is newly halal certified and I was right about 7.30pm and there was already a long queue. My friend and I then comtemplated whether we should go to Afterwit which was located nearby and serves Mexican food. Alas, we decided to queue up. Fortunately, we got a seat after 10 minutes becauses there was only two of us. Those who came in big groups in front of us has to wait longer.



I knew what to order straight away. I ordered their Volcano Ramen ($11). My friend to longer to decide because she is not familiar with Japanese food (unlike someone who watches Japanses Hour). She settled for Oyakodon ($9.90). We also ordered a sides, Torched Beef Sushi ($7.90).


The first dish to arrive was our Torched Beef Sushim It was soo good that I even considered on seconds. The beef was so soft and well marinated and smokey. It kinda melt in my mouth. It really went well with the wasabi and the preserved radish. Usually I dont even like to put wasabi on my sushi.


The came my volcano ramen. I selected level 1 because I not really a fan of spicy food. I like those which are savourly spicy. The broth before mixing with the chilli was quite mild. It tasted better after mixing with the chilli. The restaurant was quite generous with the toppings but I find the noodles quite little. Maybe because I like carbohydrate. I especially like the kale/seaweed, minced meat and the eggs in the soup. But I find this Volcano Ramen kinda overhyped.


My friend Oyakodon. It is like chicken mixed in batter of ingredients and then fried and placed on top of rice. It is then topped with raw egg and drizzled with soy based sauce. My friend found it nice and mind you she is a picky eater. The serving was also quite big.

There was also a 17% service charge when you dine in. I will definitely come back to try their sushis and unagi rice! 

          Side-Talk: Butterscotch Cafe        
Today I am going to blog about my dining experience at Butterscotch Cafe. I have seen photos of dishes from this cafe. The food looks visually appetizing. But it is a little out of the way. When I heard my friend's office is near this cafe, we decided to have our long overdue meet up here. It is located at Bukit Merah area. It is about 10 mins walk from Redhill MRT station. Fortunately, my friend and I did not get lost even when it is out first time and it was at night. When we reached there, both us agreed that it was an unexpected place to find a cafe. The place was much more 'ulu' than I expected haha.

You will need to wait once you reach there if the cafe is crowded. You can also leave your number and they will contact you once there are available seats. Since the indoor seating were full, we had to seat outside. It wasn't too bad because there were ceiling fans and there weren't many passerbys in the area.

I bought myself Bandung Soda Float  (S$6.50) and Chilli Crab Cake Burger (S$14). While my friend bought herself Chicken Chop with Eggs ($16) and Iced Matcha Green Tea (S$6.50). You opt for Chicken chop without egg which will cost S$2 cheaper.

Bandung Soda Float (S$6.50) and Iced Matcha Green Tea (S$6.50)

Chilli Crab Cake Burger (S$14) and Chicken Chop with Eggs (S$16)
The Chilli Crab Cake burger comes with wedges and the Chicken Chop comes with wedges and coleslaw. The crab cake had a really thick patty of real crab meat. It wasn't mixed with any other ingredients which is nice. The sauce is the typical Chilli Crab sauce but I feel it lacked spiciness. It wasn't even spicy for my standard. The Bandung Soda Float was a let down because I barely taste the bandung. I think it was overpowered by the soda and ice cream. I wished it has a stronger Rose water taste.

I tasted my friend's chicken chop and it was really good. This might not make sense because it was so good that it tasted like steak. The meat was juicy too. It is different from your typical hawker centre chicken chop. It was worth the buy. I didn't taste my friend's Iced Matcha Green Tea but according to her it was pleasantly unique.

We were too full once we were done with our meals and hence did not order any dessert like what we initially planned. But the desserts were pretty pricey, they cost at least S$12.


Overall, I find that cafe serves pretty good food. Will definitely come back again because I just found out that it sells korean bingsu as well!! Have been craving for bingsu ever since I came back from korea and it definitely difficult to get halal bingsu in Singapore. I hope someone would open a halal bingsu store soon. Oh and lastly I apologize for the lousy photos in this post haha.

          Comment on Episode 197: What's Wrong With Bein' Sexy? by Russell Borogove        
I'd listened to the Black Diamond APs, but hadn't gone through Leviathan before; Megan's comments about Goldie/Rolfball lured me back into the archives and now I'm listening to it as a prequel. Super interesting!
          Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right        
Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right
author: Arlie Russell Hochschild
name: Marisa
average rating: 4.14
book published: 2016
rating: 0
read at:
date added: 2017/01/05
shelves: to-read
review:


          [BUY] "Website Defacing Cookbook ~ A Step by Step Guide to Website Defacing"        
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          Alliances, La Roue du Temps, Tome 16, Robert Jordan        
Voilà un an et plus que je n'ai pas lu de tome de la Roue du Temps. Autant dire que ma relecture du cycle va me prendre des années. Mais finalement j'aime bien aussi. Surtout quand je me rends compte que Bragelonne et moi, nous en sommes au même point (le tome ayant été publié l'année dernière). Ce qui veut dire que je ne vais pas pouvoir augmenter mon rythme de lecture pour la série mais que je devrais arriver à ne pas trop attendre pour avoir les derniers tomes qu'il me manquent !

/!\ Comme toujours, ça va spoiler à tout va.

Alliances, La Roue du Temps, Tome 16, Robert Jordan

Editeur : France Loisir
Collection : Fantasy
Année de parution : 2009
Titre en VO : The Wheel of Time, book 08: The Path of Daggers
Année de parution en VO : 1998
Nombre de pages : 566

A lire si :
-Vous avez aimé les premiers tomes
- Vous voulez du mystère, des complots, de la magie...

A ne pas lire si
- Vous ne voulez pas de livre initiatique
- Vous n'aimez pas que les personnages soient dispersés dans le monde

Présentation de l'éditeur : 

Egwene tente de renforcer son emprise sur le siège de l'Amyrlin mais elle ne se doute pas du prix à payer. De son côté, alors qu'il doit préparer une bataille contre les Seanchan, Rand al'Thor lutte pour ne pas devenir fou : la voix de Lews Therin résonne de nouveau dans sa tête...

Mon avis

/!\ Comme toujours, ça va spoiler à tout va.

Je ne ramerais pas trop aujourd'hui sur le découpage des tomes. Disons que pour une fois, il m'arrange, je n'ai presque pas vu Perrin, mais pas du tout Mat non plus. Alliances se concentrent sur Egwene et les Aes Sedai rebelles ainsi que sur Rand avec un chapitre sur Perrin (un seul, je suis aux anges). Commençons comme toujours par un petit résume.

On commence avec Egwene et les rebelles de Salidar. La jeune femme a fort à faire. Personne ne la prend au sérieux dans son rôle et Lelaine et Romanda compte bien la faire danser au son de leur propre musique. Pas de chance pour elles, Egwene n'a plus grand chose de l'adolescente un peu naïve du début. Entre son passage chez les Sagettes et les conseils de Siuan et ceux de Bryne, elle a tout d'une grande Amyrlin. Du moins, si personne ne découvre ses plans avant. Pour cela, elle va devoir sceller quelques alliances de plus et surtout prouver aux Aes Sedai qu'elle est bel et bien leur Amyrlin. Pendant ce temps, Rand doit faire face aux nobles dissidents mais surtout aux Seancheans. Comme toujours, il part un peu bille en tête, amenant ses ennemis avec lui pour vaincre les envahisseurs. S'il doit faire face à quelques difficultés avec les nobles, ce n'est rien face au saidin qui fait des siennes. Encore pendant ce temps, après avoir utilisé la Coupe des Vents, Elayne, Nyneave et les autres se rendent à Caemlyn afin que la fille héritière récupère son trône...

Alliances est un demi-tome assez compliqué à suivre tant il y a de personnages. Heureusement, ils gravitent tous autour de quelqu'uns de nos héros et on réussit à se souvenir à peu près de qui et qui (et cela même au milieu ou à la fin du bouquin d'ailleurs). Divisé entre trois groupes, nous allons suivre un peu les conséquences qu'à pu avoir l'usage de la Coupe des Vents.

Le roman se partage aussi en deux entre la création d'Alliances (pas toujours bonnes d'ailleurs) et l'action. Côté Egwene, on avance comme on peut. L'utilisation de la Coupe des Vents a réussi, la neige est bien là. La lenteur du trajet vers la Tour Blanche va permettre à notre Amyrlin de se préparer un peu mieux et surtout de mettre à mal celles qui voudraient la mettre en laisse. Je dois avouer que j'adore cette Egwene-là. Elle est capable de se montrer aussi féroce que peut l'être Rand ou que l'était Moiraine. Egwene est pour moi l'un des personnages qui grandit le plus rapide et qui le fait bien. Elle sait qui elle est, tout elle vient et ce qu'elle veut. Elle est peut-être là par le fruit du hasard mais elle ne compte pas se laisser marcher sur les pieds. J'aime cette jeune femme qui combat avec ses propres armes et n'hésite pas à se mettre dans des situations périlleuses pour le bien de tous. En fait, elle devient petit à petit le pendant féminin de Rand, entourée par un nid de guêpes dont elle doit se sortir comme elle le peut, le tout sans la folie du jeune homme et avec des méthodes un peu moins expéditives (et encore).

En parlant de folie et de Rand, on trouve dans ce tome le retour de Lews Therin et un Rand pas loin de plonger. Le saidin fait un peu n'importe quoi et lui avec. J'apprécie Rand généralement, mais quand il est comme ça, j'ai juste envie de lui mettre des baffes. Il faut dire que Jordan en fait souvent le parfait petit con. En même temps, je serais persuadée de devenir folle, j'aurais des ennemis de tous côtés, je crois que je finirais par réagir comme lui. En tout cas, il continue dans la démesure pendant un bon moment, et bien qu'il semble être particulièrement sur de lui face aux autres, ce n'est plus du tout le cas. Les faiblesses de Rand, ce qui le rend humain, reviennent en force. S'il le cache à son entourage, Jordan ne nous le cache pas à nous lecteur. Et du coup, Rand redevient soudainement bien plus sympathique.

Par contre une qui l'est un peu moins, c'est Elayne. Souvent je me retrouve à adorer un personnage dans un tome et à ne pas pouvoir le voir en peinture dans un autre. C'est le cas pour la demoiselle. C'est bien dommage vu qu'on a quelques chapitres avec elle, Nynaeve, Aviendha et Brigitte. Or, ils sont centrés sur Elayne et sur son envie de rependre son trône. Alors qu'elle est entouré d'une groupe de femme disparates et surtout prêt à se déchiqueter, elle ne pense qu'à elle. Dommage, vu qu'il se passe tout de même deux trois choses qui mériterait un peu plus de considération. Comme la mort d'Adelaes qui semble presque normale sur le coup (une mort qui prendra petit à petit son importance mais dans le tome suivant), ou encore le fait que des femmes de la famille avoue qu'elles sont des novices en fuite (depuis trois cent ans quand même pour l'une d'elle). Je sais que rien n'est anodin chez Jordan, mais j'aurais préféré qu'il se concentre moins sur Elayne dans ces moments-là.

Pour finir, Alliances est donc un demi-tome en demi-teinte pour moi. Chose de sûre, il porte bien son nom et les pions se déplacent petit à petit sur le grand échiquier du monde. Si nous n'en sommes pas encore à la Dernière Bataille, nous nous en approchons dangereusement et tout le monde doit être sûr de ceux qui les entourent. Les Alliances se font et se défont au grès du temps. J'ai parfois eu l'impression d'avancer bien moins vite dans ce tome que dans le précédent (ce qui pourtant n'est pas le cas, loin de là). Il n'était pas celui dont je me souvenais le plus et ne le sera toujours pas.

          Quelques pas de plus, Agnès Marot        
J'avais beaucoup aimé I.R.L., sortie l'année dernière, et les thèmes qu'abordaient Agnès Marot à l'intérieur. Alors, j'avais très envie de lire ce Quelques pas de plus, surtout que son thème principal n'est que rarement traité que ce soit dans le Youg-Adult ou même en générale.

Quelques pas de plus, Agnès Marot

Editeur : Scrineo
Collection : Ados
Année de parution : 2017
nombre de pages : 329

A lire si :
- Vous voulez des personnages avec des handicaps invisibles
- Vous voulez de la représentation
- Vous voulez un chouette road-trip

A ne pas lire si :
- Vous voulez une histoire ultra compliquée.

Présentation de l'éditeur :

Sora vient d'apprendre qu'elle doit passer le reste de sa vie à béquilles. Son quotidien se résumera désormais aux cours au lycée et aux séances de kiné. Elle pourrait s'y faire si Kay, la grande soeur qui l'a quasiment élevée, tenait le coup ; mais cette dernière, qui a toujours été la plus forte des deux, est en pleine descente aux enfers. Alors Sora décide de prendre les choses en main et d'enfiler la cape de ces superhéros qu'elle aime tant. Objectif : changer sa vie. Son meilleur atout : l'héritage navajo laissé par sa mère. Un ancien pouvoir de guérison qui pourrait les sauver, elle et sa soeur.
Le problème, c'est qu'elles ne sont pas les seules à le chercher… et que leur rival est prêt à les suivre au bout du onde pour parvenir à ses fins.

Mon avis

Comme je le disais, j'avais très envie de lire ce Quelques pas de plus, surtout en sachant qu'il traitera de handicap, plus particulièrement de handicap invisible. C'est un sujet qui est peu voire même pas du tout abordé, du moins dans les livres qui "cartonnent". On le retrouve plus souvent dans des livres plus confidentiels. Or, le sujet mérite amplement d'être traité et quoi de mieux que les ados et jeunes adultes comme cible première ? Il fait parti de la représentation dans la littérature, chose qui les touche peut-être plus que les adultes et qui surtout leur permettra dans une certaine mesure de mettre des mots sur certaines choses.

Quelques pas de plus, c'est donc l'histoire de Sora et de sa soeur Kay. Sora, adolescente d'apparence normale mais qui va devoir vivre avec des béquilles et une cheville en vrac pendant toute sa vie. Un handicap que ne ressemble pas à un handicap, quelque chose que personne ne voit et qui d'ailleurs ne semble pas vraiment être reconnu comme tel par beaucoup de monde. Un handicap avec lequel elle doit apprendre à vivre. Mais alors qu'il semble qu'elle commence petit à petit à "se faire" à la situation, sa sœur ne souffrait pas d'un mal étrange, de crise d'angoisse, et de ce qui semble être un syndrome post-traumatique. Alors, pour la sauver, elle l’amène dans un road-trip en territoire navajo, là où se trouve leur racine, là où elle pourra redevenir elle-même.

Si parfois l'histoire tombe dans le trop simple, trop évident, elle n'en reste pas moins très agréable à lire. Agnès Marot a un style des plus agréables, fluides et ses personnages sont bien foutues. On suit sans le moindre problème Sora et Kay dans leur road-trip ainsi que durant les jours le précédant. Je dois dire que les paysages du grand Canyon et de ses environs donnent envie d'y aller. Les descriptions de l'autrice sont alléchantes à souhait (et je suppose proche de la réalité et surtout de ce qu'elle a pu ressentir en les visitant avec ses béquilles)(oui parce que le handicap de Sora est aussi celui de sa créatrice, mais on va y revenir).

Mais comme je le disais, j'ai surtout apprécié les thèmes du livre. A commencer par le handicap invisible. D'abord celui de Sora. Ici, l'autrice savait de quoi elle parlait, elle en souffre elle-même. Et cela se ressent. Parce que ce que dit Sora là-dessus est réel. Parce que la bonne femme du bus qu'on a tous envie d'égorger existe vraiment. Parce que les situations ne sont pas de l'invention pure et dure. Oui, Sora est handicapée, même si ça peut passer pour une simple entorse. Or elle va vivre avec, subir la douleur, subir les humiliations. Et elle ne va pas se laisser aller. Elle est capable d'être qui elle veut être, de réussir à faire à peu près tout ce qu'elle veut, même sur une jambe. La force de la jeune femme est communicative tant elle prend cela de manière positive la plupart du temps. Il y a aussi celui de Kay. Kay souffre d'un syndrome post-traumatique (nous en découvrirons la cause vers le milieu du roman). Si elle parait normale, si tout le monde voit en elle la jeune femme ordinaire, ce n'est absolument pas le cas. Or c'est aussi un handicap. Mais là où sa sœur se bat pour vivre avec la douleur, Kay finit petit à petit par sombrer, incapable de surmonter ses crises. Elle qui jusque là semblait la plus forte des deux va devoir compter sur sa petite sœur pour s'en sortir.

On retrouve ensuite en filigrane et avec l'origine des deux demoiselles, les thèmes du métissage, des différences de culture et de la suprématie blanche. Elles sont moitié française, moitié navajo. Métisses, elles semblent n'avoir de place nulle part dans les deux cultures. Trop foncé d'un côté, trop blanche de l'autre. Si elles se sentent opprimées, pas à leur place en France, elles se comportent de la même manière que les blancs arrivées en territoire navajos. Au final, sans réellement se penser supérieure, loin de là même, elles en arrivent tout de même à donner cette impression aux amérindiens. Ce genre de situation est assez fréquente dans la vie réelle et il est bon de rappeler aux gens que cultures différentes ne veut pas dire infériorité à une autre. Et c'est plutôt bien fait par ici.

Au final, voilà un livre qui mêle fantastique, légende amérindienne, handicap invisible et différence de culture de manière presque parfaite. On ne tombe pas du tout dans la surenchère, dans le pathos et c'est fort agréable. Pour ne rien gacher, le roman est rempli de référence pop-culture, super héros, série télévisée (charmed est peut-être un peu daté pour le coup, il me semble), roman et j'en passe. Pas tout à fait un coup de coeur mais presque. En tout cas, une bonne grosse mention spéciale pour son thème principal.

          Forty summers ago – July 5, 1977 – grand jury began hearing testimony, piercing, slightly, the ongoing Showalter hit-run cover-up in New London, CT        


Editor’s Note: The Showalter grand jury is noteworthy in that forces for justice – Judge Joseph Dannehy, Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan and as many as 17 Connecticut State Police detectives – could only knock down some of the walls protecting New London Police, State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti, Asst. State’s Attorney Harold Dean, Judge Angelo Santaniello, former Mayor Harvey Mallove and others who escaped complete discovery. The cover-up continues to this day, highlighted by the suppression and disappearance of the grand jury transcripts.




The foundation for investigative reporting in this case was developed by John Peterson, who was managing editor of The Norwich Bulletin during the grand jury. The grand jury began hearing testimony on July 5, 1977
.








Special Prosecutor McGuigan became Chief State’s Attorney, then was fired after convicting appointees of the governor and many other public officials.

---
Chronology, Grand Juror Report, Follow-up Columns
Via
Law And Justice In Everyday Life, CT Law Tribune


F. Lee Bailey on Law and Justice in Everyday Life and the Showalter case:

This book - which is mainly about public officials, police, judges and lawyers either shaming or shining - is a good read. Many of the stories stand alone, like slices of life. Others will appear early in the book, with follow-up chapters later. The crown jewel, in my view, is his handling of the strange death of Kevin Showalter, who was slammed 50 feet down the road in New London, Connecticut on Christmas Eve 1973 while changing a tire on the traffic side of a parked car. For many years, Andy Thibault dogged a case which public officials seemed determined to let die, despite the presence of a likely suspect. He tells me his mentor, John Peterson, broke the case open and then handed over the torch. Joined by the victim's mother, Lucille, who revealed herself as a determined but delightful woman as the story unfolds, Andy beats up on police, prosecutors, judges and governors until finally there is action. Spurred on by an appointment hastened by Gov. Ella Grasso, Judge Joseph Dannehy conducted one of the most brilliant and thorough investigations I have ever seen. If this book were only about the Showalter case, it would be worth the price.

APPENDIX

THE SHOWALTER CHRONOLOGY – A FOUR YEAR SEARCH FOR JUSTICE


New London, Ct.

1973

December 24

Approximately 11:10 to 11:20 p.m. Kevin B. Showalter is killed. Car leaves scene. Only taillights observed by a neighbor.

There is much confusion. Mr. Showalter had been changing a tire on his companion’s car. His companion Debra Emilyta, was sitting about six feet away from the car on a stone wall.

Ms. Emilyta told police she heard a thud, but did not see the car which struck Mr. Showalter. She said she ran across the road, a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street, before seeing Mr. Showalter’s body.

Mr. Showalter’s body was thrown 22 feet from the believed point of impact, onto a sidewalk near a large tree. The police report prepared that night noted the deceased’s shoes were found 110 feet apart. Part of a leg bone was found 75 feet away.

Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Auto Body gives police body putty, apparently from the car which struck Mr. Showalter. The putty never made it to the police station. Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko later denies its existence.

December 25

Autopsy performed. No trace of alcohol or drugs found. Cause of death listed as lacerated liver and broken neck.

In efforts to console Mrs. Showalter, friends, neighbors, witnesses and officials volunteer information about the accident. She quietly listens for about six weeks, taking it for granted that police are acting on the same information. December 26

New London police begin full-scale search for red car.

1974

February 6

FBI report describes paint particles on Mr. Showalter’s clothing as “racing green” or “forest green” used on 1968 Chrysler products.

February 7

Mrs. Showalter notes she had the impression local police were not actively pursuing the case. She began interviewing those persons who came to her voluntarily and made a written record of her findings.

During the next three weeks, Mrs. Showalter spends much of her time making telephone calls and knocking on doors. She and her youngest son Craig, then 14, visited a number of local auto dealers and garages. She said in most cases they were told police had not made any inquiries of them.

February 28

New London police conduct first interview with Harvey N. Mallove, the downtown merchant and former mayor and city councilor. Mallove stated he drove by Pequot Avenue near Plant Street shortly before 11:15 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. Seven people near the accident scene contradict what he said he saw.

April 20

Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. Edmund J. O’Brien, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation into her son’s death. O’Brien never responds.

On the same day, Atty. Thomas Bishop, representing Mrs. Showalter as the administratix of Mr. Showalter’s estate, asks Atty. Joseph Moukawsher to conduct a coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death.

April 23

Moukawsher agrees to conduct inquest but must confer with New London police before setting date.

June 4

Mrs. Showalter writes to New London Police Chief John J. Crowley, asking for a progress report on the investigation by his force. Crowley neither acknowledges receipt of letter nor responds. Copies of letter were sent to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, and Abraham Kirshenbaum, then chairman of the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

June 10

Mrs. Showalter asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a grand jury investigation.

June 24

Santaniello notes Moukawsher has agreed to conduct coroner’s inquest. He tells Mrs. Showalter, “If it appears that during any stage of this proceeding that any further intercession is necessary, appropriate action will be taken at that time.”

July 2

Mrs. Showalter writes to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, asking for a report from his office assessing the police department’s handling of the case. She also asks for a reply to her June 4 letter to Police Chief Crowley.

July 9

Driscoll tells Crowley to prepare a complete report for Mrs. Showalter.

July 10

Bucko completes report on fatal accident.

July 25

Driscoll sends Mrs. Showalter Bucko’s report. The report said Mr. Showalter’s body was in the road, but the ambulance crew which took Mr. Showalter to Lawrence Memorial Hospital said they found him on the sidewalk several feet away. No police officer ever saw the body at the scene since the first officer arrived as the body was being placed in the ambulance.

Bucko says paint particles from a 1968 Plymouth at the U.S. Naval Submarine Base in Groton are similar to those found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing, but the same paint is used on any 1968 Chrysler product.

Bucko also says a piece of metal Mrs. Showalter found near the accident scene is in the detective bureau. When Mrs. Showalter first offered the metal to police, they refused to sign a receipt for it.

August 6

Mrs. Showalter writes to Driscoll regarding Bucko’s report. She lists six pages of comments on allegedly “serious omissions” and “strictly opinion judgments” by Bucko.

Mrs. Showalter also writes to Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley, asking him to send a representative to the coroner’s inquest. She includes copies of correspondence with local officials and Bucko’s report.

August 9

Mrs. Showalter requests a meeting with the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

August 15

Bucko updates report, at request of city manager Driscoll.

Bucko said of the body location, “the position he (Mr. Showalter) was found in at the scene of the accident, in my opinion, would not help in solving this matter.” Erroneous on the report is the position of the car jack which is shown on the front bumper. The car Mr. Showalter was working on, a Ford Pinto, had to be jacked from the side of the vehicle.

Omitted from the report is the location of a car mat seen to the rear of the car and the spare tire Mr. Showalter never got to put on the car.

August 20

Gormley writes to Mrs. Showalter, telling her the local police investigation “has proceeded smoothly,” and there is “no reason for this office to initiate its own investigation.”

August 28

The Public Safety Committee of the New London City Council meets in closed session for one hour to discuss the hit-run death. Chief Crowley requested the closed session. He said there is evidence that could jeopardize future action.

Mrs. Showalter submitted a 12-page statement for the meeting, but did not attend.

Crowley said the case is not closed and it appears an arrest may be made.

August 31

Mallove submits official statement to New London police.

November, 1974

After being postponed several times, the coroner’s inquest hears testimony from 50 persons. No findings issued.

1975

January 24

A state police detective participating in the federal grand jury probe of the city police department has told one of its patrolmen they identified the driver of the car which struck and killed Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve, 1973.

“We know who killed the Showalter kid, how come you don’t?” the detective was quoted in The Norwich Bulletin as saying.

March 19-22

The Bulletin, in a four-part series, shows:

- Eyewitnesses and what New London police called “near witnesses” drastically differed in their accounts of the accident.

- Microscopic paint particles found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing on which police based their search may not have been left by the vehicle which struck him.

- Evidence entrusted to police officers at the scene has never been seen since.

- A claim by police that it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles possible involved in the mishap was declared false by the state Motor Vehicle Department.

The Bulletin, when preparing the series of articles, made repeated efforts to discuss the case with police officials but Lt. K.T. Bucko, who headed the case, on the advice of then Police Chief John Crowley, would not.

April 3 State police conduct an extensive door-to-door inquiry in the Pequot Avenue region. State police have been looking into the case as part of a federal grand jury investigation into alleged corruption within the city force.

July 12

The state of Connecticut offers a $2,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person responsible for the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter. A total of $3,000 is now being offered. Classmates and friends of Mr. Showalter’s have already collected $1,000.

July 21

A community effort by friends and classmates raises the reward to $5,000.

November 8

The transcript of the coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death conducted nearly a year ago has yet to be typed, Coroner Joseph Moukawsher confirms. He said he wants to review the transcript even though he believes his six-day long inquest did not establish any guilt in the case. He said he has not spoken with the court reporter assigned to the case since the early summer.

December 10

Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation. No response.

1976

January 6

Satti refuses to confirm or deny the existence of Mrs. Showalter’s request. Mrs. Showalter has also asked Satti’s office to ascertain the location of recorded tapes made during the coroner’s inquest.

January 9

Mrs. Showalter sends a special delivery letter to Satti asking for a response to the December 10 request. No response.

February 19

In a feature article, also carried statewide by the Associated Press, The Bulletin profiles Mrs. Showalter on page one.

Some public officials regard her as a persistent nuisance, someone to be ignored and sidestepped, but Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter will not breathe easily until they tell her who killed her son, Bulletin reporter Fred Vollono wrote.

“The official comment seems to be there is nothing to it,” Mrs. Showalter said. “It is just the ramblings of a grief-stricken mother. But there are many people who urge me to go on. They say, ‘Lucille, if you stop, then nothing will ever be done.’”

February 23

Mrs. Showalter receives a letter of confession from an inmate at Somers state prison. The inmate said he was plagued by news accounts of the death. Every time he seems to forget the accident, the inmate said, he reads another news story.

April 2

Mrs. Showalter submits a third written request to Satti for a grand-jury probe. No response.

May 6

Common Pleas court Prosecutor Harold Dean quashes the only lead in the two and a half year old investigation, The Norwich Bulletin reports. The lead was the letter of confession written by the inmate at Somers Prison. State police arrested the inmate for harassment of the victim’s mother, Mrs. Showalter, to whom the letter was sent. Dean nolled the case and allowed it to be dismissed despite a prior meeting with state police when the significance of the arrest was discussed.

State police did not believe the letter writer was responsible for the hit-run death, but they thought the letter contained possibly significant information. Dean said he was certain the accused had no knowledge of the case, because he was incarcerated when Mr. Showalter was killed.

August 7 The day following the Bulletin’s report of Dean quashing the lead, Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley says he had “no idea” why the lead “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. Two state police officers had met with Gormley to discuss the letter of confession.

August 6

State police list the investigation into the killing of Mr. Showalter as “closed pending further development.” That classification came 31 days after Dean threw the harassment case out of court.

August 30

Mrs. Showalter again asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a one-man grand jury probe.

September 1

Mrs. Showalter publicly renews her efforts to have a one-man grand jury reopen the investigation into the hit-run killing of her son. In a statement sent to 22 media outlets, Mrs. Showalter says she made the appeal in an August 30 letter to Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello. She says she was asking the judge to “make good on a promise” he made to her in June 1974. Santaniello wrote in a June 24, 1974 letter, Superior Court intercession would be possible if the investigation required it.

Santaniello said, “probably the proper person” to approach would be State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti. But Mrs. Showalter said she is ignoring Satti because he failed to respond to her December 1975 letter asking for the grand jury.

September 23

State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti says he needs another three weeks to review information on the killing of Mr. Showalter before deciding whether the investigation should be reopened or shelved.

Satti says he had hoped to have the matter resolved by today, but the sinking of his 35-foot cabin cruiser two weeks ago, an unexpected report of crimes by New London police, and a new trial forced him behind schedule.

November 23

Mrs. Showalter turns to Governor Ella T. Grasso for help.

“I cannot endure this loss of a beloved son in the midst of a governmental system that appears to neither act nor care,” Mrs. Showalter says in a letter to the governor.

Mrs. Showalter says she is skeptical the New London County State’s Attorney’s review of the case will result in the one-man grand jury she has requested. Satti today said he is still reviewing transcripts of the Coroner’s Inquest and refused further comment.

December 21

Just three days before the third anniversary of the killing of Kevin B. Showalter, the state’s chief court administrator orders the city’s only unsolved hit-and-run case reopened.

John P. Cotter signs an order creating a one-man jury to probe the death, renewing hopes that allegations of police bungling and mishandling of the case will be settled.

“I can’t yet believe it,” says Mrs. Showalter, calling the action a “literal miracle.”

Cotter, a justice on the state Supreme Court, selects retired Superior Court Judge Raymond J. Devlin to head the one-man grand jury.

An attorney representing Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter also files a $600,000 lawsuit against the unnamed person(s) responsible for the killing of her son. Atty. Averum J. Sprecher of East Haddam says the suit is aimed at protecting Mrs. Showalter’s rights.

“The action as I have filed it will definitively preserve her rights when the investigative bodies finally determine who killed the boy,” he said. The suit is aimed at heading off fears the state’s statute of limitations might preclude Mrs. Showalter from pursuing civil action if the killer is found.

December 24

Superior Court Judge Joseph F. Dannehy is ordered to replace State Referee Raymond J. Devlin as the one-man grand juror investigating Mr. Showalter’s death. Chief Court Administrator John P. Cotter says Judge Devlin had asked to be taken off the case because he was too busy with other duties, and would be unable to commute from his New Haven office.

1977

January 4

Austin J. McGuigan, the special prosecutor assigned to the one-man grand jury probing the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter promises to pull “all the stops” in his investigation but says he needs help from the public to succeed.

McGuigan has worked for the state for two years as the top investigator of organized crime. He appeals to anyone with information to call him confidentially.

February 8

State Police Commissioner Edward P. Leonard, as part of a last-resort effort, makes a personal appeal to area residents for information about the killing of Mr. Showalter. In a letter to the people who live near the Pequot Avenue site where Mr. Showalter died, Leonard asks for facts – “No matter how insignificant they may appear” – which might shed light on the car, the driver or the accident scene.

Special Prosecutor McGuigan says police “had no suspects.” However, he says if a suspect is found police believe there is sufficient evidence to tie the person to the case.

April 18

Investigators say they feel confident the Showalter case will be solved.

The new optimism comes after a public appeal netted more than 300 leads, new laboratory analysis of existing evidence, and an accounting of each of the more than 10,000 green Chrysler products registered in Eastern Connecticut when Mr. Showalter was killed.

The new evidence means “there is a significant possibility the vehicle in question was not a green Chrysler,” Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan says. While the investigators will not say what other color the car might have been, the evidence apparently opens new avenues for the investigation. Previously, other theories on who drove the death car, theories which have had some substantiation, were locked into the green Chrysler theory, police acknowledge.

May 10

State police investigators spend two and a half hours recreating and filming the Pequot Avenue death scene where Mr. Showalter was the victim of the hit and run.

May 18

State police again film and re-create death scene.

June 22

The Bulletin reports that one of the most intensive investigations in state police history, the probe into Mr. Showalter’s hit-run death, will be given to a one-man grand jury July 5 in Windham county Superior Court.

Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror, imposes a gag order on all investigators assigned to the case. Special Prosecutor McGuigan and 17 state police detectives had gathered evidence for the grand jury.

June 23

More than 50 persons will be subpoenaed and the scope of the probe will be expanded to include subsequent actions connected with the accident, The Bulletin reports.

June 24

Eleven New London police officers, including the top detective involved in the first of three investigations of the hit-run death, have been subpoenaed, The Bulletin reports.

July 5

The grand jury begins behind closed doors with testimony by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

Outside, a television camera crew drips with sweat under the glare of a hot summer sun.

Inside it is quiet and cool – almost like any other day. The state police detectives and reporters talk about golf, baseball and other summertime activities. Because of the gag order imposed by Judge Dannehy, they can’t talk about what is most on their minds, what has brought them all together – the unsolved hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.

The session lasts about five hours and also includes testimony by Mrs. Showalter and Debra Emilyta, Mr. Showalter’s companion the night he died.

Ms. Emilyta has been sitting on a wall about 6 feet from Mr. Showalter when he was killed. She told police she only heard the 20-year-old Mitchell College student struck, and did not see the car which struck him.

July 6

Witnesses include Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Arco in New London. What he identified as body putty, apparently from the car that struck and killed Mr. Showalter, has never been seen since police officers placed it in an envelope that night, according to sources.

Ms. Emilyta concludes testimony.

Also testifying are Dr. Robert Weller, members of his family, and a friend, who while returning home from church drove past Mr. Showalter as he was changing the tire. They were among the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

Other witnesses include Mrs. Ruth P. Hendel and Mrs. Charles (Shirley Pope) Alloway, her daughter.

On Christmas Eve, 1973, Mrs. Hendel had just turned away from the window of her home on Pequot Avenue where she had been watching Mr. Showalter work on the Emilyta car. She heard the noise of the car striking Mr. Showalter and turning back quickly she caught a glimpse of the taillights. Her first impression of the fleeing southbound car was that it was bright-colored, possibly red.

Mrs. Hendel continued to watch the accident scene as she telephoned Mrs. Alloway, the wife of a New London police officer.

Arthur Adams of New London, a Mitchell College security guard and former state policeman, also testifies. Aside from Ms. Emilyta and the hit-run driver, Adams may have been one of the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

Adams saw Mr. Showalter working on the car and Ms. Emilyta sitting on the stone wall, swinging her legs. He observed the girl with a coat collar wrapped around her head, in conversation with Mr. Showalter, after the Weller party had driven by.

Adams continued on his rounds towards the Montauk Avenue side of the campus. Sometime after 11 p.m., he saw an ambulance heading for the hospital and two police cars heading down Plant Street.

July 7

Some of the last persons who saw Mr. Showalter alive and one of the first who saw him dead testify.

Six members of the Sitty family, who were celebrating Christmas Eve and occasionally watching Mr. Showalter change a tire from inside a house on Pequot Avenue, tell the grand jury what they knew about the case, Edmond Sitty had brought out a blanket and a corduroy coat to put over Mr. Showalter’s body after he had been struck and killed.

A New London High School classmate of Mr. Showalter, Arthur Petrini, was a passenger in a car that passed the accident scene sometime after Mr. Showalter was killed and before the ambulance and police arrived. He also testified.

July 12

Witnesses included two firemen and a dispatcher, two nurses and an orderly, the New London County Medical Examiner, the first man to officially identify Mr. Showalter, and a woman who lives near the accident scene.

Larry Grimes, a security guard who knew Mr. Showalter from Mitchell College, had made the preliminary identification at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, where he also worked. Mrs. Dorothy Bryson of Pequot Avenue, who came upon the accident scene, also testifies.

July 13

New London police officers pack the waiting room of the Windham County Courthouse. Of the 11 who were subpoenaed last month, at least seven are present.

The 11 include Patrolmen Vincent McGrath, Steven Colonis, Thomas P. Bowes Jr., and Cpl. Joseph Chiapponne, all of whom were involved in the initial investigation. With the change of shift, Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, Patrolmen Richard West and Glenn Davis and Det. Sgt. Konstanty T. Bucko joined the probe. Bucko was off duty at the time.

McGrath filed the motor vehicle report of the accident and the sketch on the report was by Bowes. Bucko took photographs of the scene and gathered evidence. His photographs may be the only ones taken. Bucko also went to the hospital and got the victim’s clothing, according to sources.

Colonis, the first officer on the scene, apparently arrived as Mr. Showalter was being placed in the ambulance. He interviewed Ms. Emilyta and took her to the station to file a 13-sentence statement.

There is some confusion of whether Colonis drove an unmarked police car that night. Sources say police made conflicting statements on that question.

July 14

Thomas Wainwright, who played tennis with Kevin Showalter at New London High, saw his lifeless body on a sidewalk on Pequot Avenue before an ambulance or police arrived, and is among those testifying today. Arthur Petrini, who testified last week, was a passenger in Wainwright’s car.

Mr. and Mrs. Donald Wainwright, who were stopped by police after circling the scene in another auto, also testify.

At least seven New London police officers are at the courthouse, but it is not known how many are testifying.

July 19

The grand jury shifts beyond reconstructions by “near witnesses,” as Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, now retired, testifies. He was the squad leader who reportedly conducted “an intensive investigation” for a red car during the 11:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. shift on Christmas Day 1973.

July 20

The grand jury investigators spend much of the day alone reviewing physical evidence and testimony. Only three witnesses – New London police who have already appeared during the proceedings – are present.

July 21

Det. Bucko appears for at least the fourth time in the nine days the grand jury has convened. The session begins at 10 a.m. and ends about 5:45 p.m., with his departure.

A nurse’s aide who knelt by Mr. Showalter’s body, feeling for a pulse, also testifies, Sue Costello, who heard the report of an accident as she was leaving Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals in New London from her shift, had arrived on the scene before ambulance personnel and police.

July 26

The scope of the grand jury probe goes beyond Mr. Showlater’s death and runs smack into a crucial area of dispute with the appearance of New London police detective Walter Petchark.

On Christmas Day 1973, with evidence already missing and news of Mr. Showalter’s death on the radio, Petchark reportedly received a call from former mayor Harvey N. Mallove. Mallove later told The Bulletin there was no truth to the report. But he allegedly told Petchark he thought he saw the accident the night before.

Three city police detectives – Bucko, Petchark, and Carmello Fazzina – were present at the inquiry. They were followed by laboratory technicians from the FBI, who lent their expertise in the analysis of headlight glass possibly belonging to the death vehicle.

July 27

The former counsel for the estate of Mr. Showalter testifies. Atty. Thomas Bishop confirms his representation of the estate was severed in June 1974.

Thomas and Donald Wainwright return for further testimony.

July 28

Witnesses include Mrs. S.F. Zimet of Ledyard. Mallove said he was visiting at her home on Christmas Eve 1973, left about 10:45 p.m., and was home in New London about half an hour later.

Mrs. Zimet is accompanied by her attorney, L. Patrick Gray. Gray, like Bishop, is a member of the New London law firm Suissman, Shapiro, Wool, and Brennan.

Other witnesses include New London city Manager C. Francis Driscoll and Elise Mallove, Mallove’s daughter. Miss Mallove was home for her Christmas vacation in 1973.

The grand jury begins a four-week recess. More than 50 persons were called during the first 12 days of the inquiry.

August 30

New London police investigators and a newspaper editor who has followed their unsolved hit-run death case for three years are among the witnesses.

Retired Police Chief John Crowley and Det. Lt. K.T. Bucko, who refused repeated pleas by The Bulletin in March of 1975 to discuss the death of Kevin B. Showalter, gives testimony – as did the paper’s managing editor, John C. Peterson.

Peterson testifies for three hours.

August 31

The attorney who conducted a coroner’s inquest into Mr. Showalter’s death, the results of which have never met public scrutiny, is the first witness today. Atty. Joseph Moukwasher, who heard testimony from 50 witnesses during six days in September and November of 1974, is one of the few persons familiar with the substance of that investigation.

It took more than two years for the transcripts of the hearings to be typed and submitted to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti.

State Police Sgt. Donald Crouch, who in 1974 and 1975 worked for the federal grand jury investigating alleged corruption in the New London force, also testifies. Other witnesses included Rosemary Benson and Carol James.

September 1

Physical exhibits appear to outnumber witnesses in the 15th day of proceedings. Two state police technicians from the crime lab in Bethany carry satchels concealing evidence into the closed courtroom. One exhibit is a light colored automobile fender, which was dented and streaked.

September 2

Det. Edward Pickett of the New London County State’s Attorney’s office, who helped administer a lie detector test to Ms. Emilyta, testifies. Ms. Emilyta passed the test.

Another detective, private investigator Joe Harris, is also called. A former Waterford police sergeant, he worked on the case for a brief time, on his own.

Other witnesses in a short session include State Police Sgt. Charles Trotter, a principal investigator in the federal grand jury probe of the New London city police.

September 12

Two persons who saw Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve 1973, hours before he was killed testify.

Ramona Ricci, a coworker of Mr. Showalter’s at a Waterford discotheque, attended one of two parties Mr. Showalter had planned to go to after work that night. Nancy Wicksham, who also testified, had joined friends that holiday evening at the club.

September 18

Mallove says his status as a suspect in the case is “nothing new.” During testimony in a New Jersey courtroom, Connecticut State Police revealed Mallove is a prime suspect in the hit-run case. The testimony concerned refusal by two New Jersey men to comply with a subpoena issued by the one-man grand jury. Trooper Charles Wargat also testified he was told the two men repaired Mallove’s car on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day 1973.

Mallove tells The Bulletin he did not know the men and never had a car repaired at their shop on Reed Street in New London. He says he didn’t kill Mr. Showalter and doesn’t know anything about anybody who did.

September 19

One of the two men who testified with immunity today has said in a published account he has no knowledge of the case and denied any car was repaired in his New London shop on Christmas Eve 1973.

Walter String Jr. made those comments in the New Jersey Courier Post. He and his son, Walter String III, had been ordered to appear today by a New Jersey judge, after refusing to comply with a subpoena.

Among the dozen or so witnesses are New London city police Sgt. Donald Sloan and Cpl. Charles Alloway. They took the first full statement from Ms. Emilyta, five days after the accident.

September 26

Darlene Barnes, a friend of Mr. Showalter who patronized the Waterford discotheque where he worked, is among the witnesses today. Ms. Barnes was also one of the 50 witnesses during the coroner’s inquest of 1974.

October 3

Larry Grimes testifies again. The Mitchell College security guard who made the first identification of Mr. Showalter at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, was also at the courthouse on July 12, and Sept. 26.

The grand jury will be in recess until October 17. It has convened 20 times since July 5 and heard about 90 witnesses.

October 11

Judge Dannehy says published reports that Mallove is a prime suspect in the case “couldn’t bother me in the least.”

“They (the newspapers) are free to speculate if they wish,” Dannehy says. “I am not concerned with their claimed right to freedom of expression.

I think that sometimes their attitude is to publish and be damned, but they don’t bother me.”

“Why don’t you wait” for the grand jury report? Dannehy asked.

October 17

The sales manager of a New London auto firm who said he has sold a number of cars to the family of a suspect in the hit-run case testifies.

In 1970, Peter Emmanuel Sr. of New London Motors sold a Lincoln Continental to Harvey N. Mallove, whom state police have identified as a suspect in the Christmas Eve, 1973 death. A compact car was among the other autos the New London firm sold to Mallove.

State police were looking for a green Chrysler product when they first questioned New London motors personnel, Emmanuel said before he testified. But the firm didn’t sell Mallove such a vehicle, which police had believed was the death car, he added.

October 24

The grand jury does not convene today because the investigators were not ready to proceed, Judge Dannehy said. He said he plans to conduct several more sessions before adjourning to write the final report, but did not specify.

November 14

The grand jury meets for its first regular session since October 17 and hears one witness. The witness, Gary Jordan of New London, said he was dating Elise Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973.

Sources say the grand jury conducted at least one special session since October 17, but it was not known who testified.

November 21

State police continue working long and irregular hours probing Mr. Showalter’s death as they re-create the hit-run scene on Pequot Avenue near Plant Street for at least the third time.

November 29

The man whom state police have said they consider a prime suspect in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death has his day in court.

Harvey N. Mallove testifies for about four hours before the secret grand jury probing Mr. Showalter’s death. Atty. Leo J. McNamara accompanies Mallove to the Windham County Courthouse.

Mallove says he was one of a number of persons who drove by the accident scene shortly before or after Mr. Showalter was killed. But a four-part series by The Bulletin in March of 1975 showed Mallove saw a scene that seven other persons said could not have taken place.

Mallove passed the accident scene within a minute or two after an ambulance call was logged. His statement to New London police – dated eight months later – conflicts with accounts of seven persons at the scene or looking out their windows seconds after Mr. Showalter was struck.

Mr. Showalter was struck by a car as he changed a tire on a friend’s parked Ford Pinto, on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street.

In his statement, Mallove said he saw an automobile parked at an angle in front of the Pinto. None of the seven persons saw any car stopped at the scene immediately after the victim was hit according to the July 10, 1974 report by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

Mallove’s vivid description of a middle-aged man talking with a girl near the car also conflicts with statements by the seven persons.

In his statement, Mallove said he assumed the man was a member of the police department. But Bucko claims in the July 10 report that Mallove told him the talking to the girl was “NOT” a policeman.

Bucko’s report also claims Mallove learned on Christmas Day 1974 that “a man had been killed and he remarked to some people that he saw the body.” But Bucko continued to report that after Mallove viewed photographs of the scene he realized what he mistook for a body was a floor mat. In his statement, Mallove said he saw a “flat object which I assumed was a blanket or a mat.”

In his August 31, 1974 statement, Mallove said, “Seeing no trouble, accident, or any evidence of anything out of place…I continued on my way home.”

In the July 10, 1974 report, Bucko claims; “Mr. Mallove stated he was going to stop because he realized there had been an accident.”

Mallove has told The Bulletin that Bucko misquoted him.

December 7

The calling of witnesses ends with Mallove’s second appearance.

The proceedings included a film screening, apparently of the death scene as re-created by state police.

After the 35 minute screening, Special Prosecutor McGuigan and Judge Dannehy questioned Mallove for about 40 minutes. That was the bulk of the afternoon session.

The question of whether indictments should be handed down in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death now rests with Judge Dannehy.

After 24 sessions and more than 100 witnesses, Dannehy said the next step for the grand jury is the final report on who killed Kevin B. Saltwater.

1978

Feb. 17 Report filed.

Feb. 22

Report made public.

  • THE DANNEHY REPORT


  • SHOWALTER COVERUP COLUMNS

    Chapter 1

    Law and Justice in Everyday Life

    Cover-Up In New London

    Hit-And-Run Continues To Mock Justice


    Sept. 4, 2000

    If Connecticut Chief State’s Attorney John Bailey wants to bring closure to cold cases, here’s one from New London that should top the list: The Showalter hit-and-run cover-up is a dark chapter in Connecticut history, a tale more appropriate for a Third World country.

    And yet, only one thing bothers former New London County State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti about the Showalter case: that it was investigated at all.

    Satti, now retired, made the point again and again, most recently this year. Satti’s complaint, made during the wake of the late state police Detective George Ryalls, was that Ryalls’ obituary mentioned the suspect the prosecutor refused to pursue in the Showalter probe.

    Kevin B. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, was killed at 11:12 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. He was changing a tire on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue on the New London shoreline when he was struck and killed. His girlfriend, sitting only 6 feet away on a stone wall, claims she saw nothing.

    Auto body putty from the death car disappeared after a tow truck driver gave it to New London police. The evidence file that was supposed to contain the putty was stuffed with bathroom tiles. The file that was supposed to contain headlight glass from the death car instead contained glass from three different headlights. State police and others suspected that, in order to throw legitimate investigators off the trail, the late young man's clothing was pounded on a different-colored car than the one that killed him.

    The victim's mother, Lucille M. Showalter, tried to get a grand jury investigation of the cover-up. She was rebuffed repeatedly by the presiding judge, Angelo Santaniello who, it later became clear, was best friends with the leading suspect. Santaniello then referred Showalter to prosecutor Satti, who happened to be his former law partner. Satti refused to acknowledge registered letters from Mrs. Showalter pleading for a grand jury probe.

    Satti did finally meet with Mrs. Showalter in 1978, after Judge Joseph Dannehy of Willimantic, acting as a one-man grand jury, named former New London Mayor Harvey N. Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle. Satti called the three-hour meeting, in which he repeatedly told Mrs. Showalter that there never should have been a grand jury investigation under Dannehy.

    Mallove held a good hand; he had the best legal muscle in New London County on his side. New London police would not question him for more than seven months, and then only in a perfunctory manner. They would say they inspected his cars, but they did not. Significantly, Mallove’s Lincoln had been repaired, but it wasn’t until state police took over the case four years after the accident that the fender was finally seized.

    Santaniello would arrange for a coroner’s inquest and put his niece in charge of typing the transcript. Only after two years of intense public pressure would the transcript be typed. But the inquest never issued a finding.

    Santaniello tipped off Mallove that he was a suspect. The judge was also aware of what local police knew about the case. Mrs. Showalter memorialized the admissions in tape-recorded telephone conversations.

    “I did talk to Harvey,” Santaniello told Mrs. Showalter on Oct. 17, 1975, “and I said, `You’re suspected.’ As a matter of fact, at that time a police officer came to him on the same day or the next day, and told him you were making accusations about him and that he was a prime suspect.” The day before, Mallove told Mrs. Showalter, “Judge Santaniello is of the opinion that you fingered me.”

    It was not until 1977 that state police, who took over the case at the behest of former Gov. Ella Grasso, formally named Mallove a suspect. Next week, I'll propose a means to solve the Showalter cover-up.

    Showalter Cover-Up Is New London's Shame

    Sept. 11, 2000

    New London, where I grew up and began working in the 1960s and ‘70s, was a dirty little city with character.

    It had a restaurant called the Hygienic that was everything but. There were at least a couple bars where the cops couldn't do anything, except maybe a little business.

    The top pimp in town never went to jail until he was about 60 and a certain court official retired.

    New London will always be the city that tried to cover up the Christmas Eve 1973 hit-and-run death of Kevin B. Showalter. It's been doing a pretty good job for nearly 27 years, but the onion is beginning to peel.

    The local daily newspaper admitted -- in its official history published this year -- that it did a shoddy job on the Showalter case. Specifically, The Day admitted its failure to explore the relationship between a former mayor and a top judge, and their influence on the course of the criminal investigation. That’s a beginning.

    Political and police corruption goes back a couple generations in New London. By the 1970s, New London police were widely known to be involved in the selling of women, dope and refrigerators, among other things. A federal grand jury took note. But as with the Showalter case, there were these little problems with the evidence.

    A jewelry store owner and former city mayor multi-millionaire Harvey Mallove was the prime suspect in the hit-and-run death of Showalter, a student at Mitchell College. Showalter’s date that night, Christmas Eve 1973, said she saw nothing from her vantage point six feet away, sitting on a stone wall under a streetlight on a residential street as a young man changed the tire of her car.

    Harvey was everybody’s pal. He would take kids to the Super Bowl, then, down the road, get them jobs as cops. He was friends with bums in the street and bums in high political office. He was wired. The standing joke among reporters became: Harvey's a great guy to have a beer with, just don't change your tire if he's driving by.

    “I didn't kill the kid in any way, shape or form,” Harvey told me many times. As mayor, Harvey helped hire a few police chiefs. His best friend was the administrative judge for the county; that was the judge who controlled the early stages of the investigation, specifically a coroner’s inquest that never issued a finding.

    State police followed up a report that Mallove’s best friend, County Administrative Judge Angelo G. Santaniello, was with Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973. Santaniello reportedly was No. 11 on a guest list for a party at the home of his political mentor, the late state Sen. Peter Mariani. The Mariani party was one of two Mallove attended that night.

    Santaniello told reporters he never went out on Christmas Eve.

    Another state judge, Joseph F. Dannehy, conducted two grand jury investigations. In 1978, Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle, but said evidence that might have ensured conviction was either mishandled or destroyed.

    Mallove died a few years ago with this legacy. Others still have time to come clean and tell the truth about the cover-up. Mrs. Showalter tried unsuccessfully to have Satti, Santaniello and others prosecuted for hindrance of prosecution (CGS Section 53a-166) warning of impending discovery, providing means of avoiding discovery, preventing discovery by deception. Because a conspiracy to hinder prosecution is an ongoing crime, those with information could tell Chief State's Attorney John Bailey, who has begun an initiative to solve some of the state's cold homicide cases.

    Isn’t it time? No one kept the system honest when it counted, though some tried. Most stood by as the system that was supposed to protect the victim and his family betrayed them all.

    Where is the conscience of the community?

    Cold Case On Ice Forever

    Nov. 6, 2000

    One way to deflect attention from a suspect is to get investigators involved in meaningless, time-consuming tasks. Another way is to create a bogus suspect who is then exposed as such, causing a belief that the case is just too hazy to pursue.

    Both of these devices were used repeatedly in the cover-up of the Showalter hit-run case in New London. Whether this was happenstance, indifference, incompetence or malfeasance, the result was the same. The system failed.

    And now, it seems, the truth will remain buried forever.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror who investigated the case, wrote in his finding of fact: “After December 25, 1973, the New London Police Department did virtually nothing to solve the hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.” The accident occurred the night before.

    Local police and court officials, however, were pro-active in another sense. Their actions served to protect the assailant.

    For example, New London police claimed it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles using data from the state Motor Vehicle Department. The motor vehicle department declared there was no such charge.

    Nevertheless, New London police spent their time hand-sorting local motor vehicle cards. They looked for a green Chrysler. That was likely a false lead; state police said paint particles found on the victim's clothing did not come from the car that killed him.

    Former Mayor Harvey Mallove began meeting informally with police and court officials as early as Dec. 25, 1973. Mallove wanted to know what the police knew.

    The only lead after two and a half years was quashed by then New London Common Pleas Court Prosecutor Harold Dean in May 1976. The lead was a letter of confession written by a Somers prison inmate to the victim’s mother, Lucille Showalter.

    “I told Harold how important that was to me,” Mallove, the prime suspect, confided to an associate. He also acknowledged discussing the purported confession with his best friend, the presiding judge for the county, Angelo Santaniello.

    The author of the letter was known to be connected with “fences,” or purveyors of stolen goods in the New London area. State police arrested him for harassment of Mrs. Showalter. Two state troopers met with Dean for an hour. They told him the letter contained possibly significant information. State police also believed they could connect the dots in New London between the letter writer and the powers-that-be. Did he owe some favors? Was he paid? Police knew the author had no liability for the accident; he was actually in Florida at the time of the hit-run.

    Dean nolled and dismissed the case without telling the troopers or Mallove. Soon thereafter, state police listed the killing of Showalter as “closed pending further development.” Upon learning of Dean's action, Chief State's Attorney Joseph Gormley remarked he had “no idea” why the lead, “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. The case would remain closed for six months, until Gov. Ella Grasso brought the matter to Justice John Cotter.

    Was there criminal activity connected with the Showalter cover-up? It appears we will never know for certain. Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver, noting that evidence which might have ensured conviction was destroyed. The Chief State’s Attorney’s Office reviewed aspects of the case this fall after a series of columns appeared in The Law Tribune. However, the statute of limitations for the most likely potential charge, conspiracy to hinder prosecution of motor vehicle misconduct, has expired. This shameful case, it appears, is destined to stay on ice forever.

    - AND:

    Olympic Gold for Missing Evidence


    November 28, 2005

    Judge Ellen Gordon was in way over her head with what she tried pass off as a ruling in Day Publishing v. State's Attorney.

    Clueless Gordon was handed a hot one, a case no one has ever wanted in the so-called New London Judicial District. Every single time this case has come to court, begging for justice, The Robes, the prosecutors and their minions have either desecrated their oaths or looked the other way. Clueless Gordon, fairly new to the scene, has managed to join the list of those who are both ostriches and failures.

    The Day newspaper asked Gordon this year to release the grand jury testimony regarding the cover-up of the 1973 hit-run death of Kevin Showalter. Before Gordon probably ever heard of Showalter, five New London County judges recused themselves from a John Doe civil suit against the driver because they were friends with the prime suspect, Harvey Mallove. Mallove -- the late mayor of New London and multimillionaire jeweler who picked police chiefs, planned to run for Congress and starred in the social scene -- was prone to say, "I never killed the kid -- in any way, shape or form."

    It's not like we could expect a New London judge to show guts or brains in this case. Compelling testimony from the first of two grand juries implicated local law enforcement and court officials in a widespread cover-up.

    On Christmas Eve 1973 at 11:12 p.m., as the call came in, a high-ranking New London officer, said, "F--k him, he's dead," and then left to go home. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, lay dead on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue by the shoreline. His body was thrown 22 feet from the point of impact. His shoes were found 110 feet apart. A leg bone was 75 feet away.

    A tow truck driver gave police auto body putty from the death car. The putty was never seen again. New London police mixed headlight glass from at least three different cars in what they called the evidence file. Replacing the auto body putty was bathroom tile. A local coroner's inquest never issued a finding. State police, who took over the case at the behest of Gov. Ella Grasso, were bewildered and angry when they could not find the transcript of the coroner's inquest. Mallove's best friend -- the presiding judge for the county, Angelo G. Santaniello -- had put his niece in charge of typing that transcript. Santaniello also tipped off Mallove to his status as a suspect.

    Now, Clueless Gordon can't find the 3,000-page transcript of the first grand jury. Does she care? Court clerks allegedly performed a diligent search. Would any reasonable person believe or accept any of this?

    Among the last persons known to possess the grand jury report was the late State's Attorney, C. Robert Satti. Satti, who refused to investigate the case before a special prosecutor was appointed, claimed he returned a copy to the grand juror, then Willimantic Superior Court Judge (later Supreme Court Justice) Joseph Dannehy. Both Dannehy and Satti are dead. Did "Do Nothing Bob" -- Mallove's moniker for Satti -- take it with him? We might as well ask Harvey, also dead, or Kevin.

    Gordon's pathetic decision, dated Nov. 7, went on for about a sentence before its first fatal error. It might sound like a technical error, but it's much, much more than that. She actually said New London police investigated the case.

    Before this, I thought it might take generations to remove the stench from the New London courthouse. Alas, for New London, the stench of this cover-up is forever.


    Find & Open
    the Showalter File

  • Hartford Courant Editorial








  • more COOL JUSTICE








  •           Hit-and-Run Chronology, Grand Jury Report & Follow-up Columns, Re; Library Discussion 9-22-16        

    Open
    the Showalter File

  • Hartford Courant Editorial




  • Cool Justice Editor's Note:
    This post is primarily for patrons and guests of the Sprague Public Library, who might participate in a discussion on Thursday at 6:30 p.m. A link to announcements of that event is at the very bottom of this post. Thanks for reading, AT.


    Via
    Law And Justice In Everyday Life


    F. Lee Bailey on Law and Justice in Everyday Life and the Showalter case:

    This book - which is mainly about public officials, police, judges and lawyers either shaming or shining - is a good read. Many of the stories stand alone, like slices of life. Others will appear early in the book, with follow-up chapters later. The crown jewel, in my view, is his handling of the strange death of Kevin Showalter, who was slammed 50 feet down the road in New London, Connecticut on Christmas Eve 1973 while changing a tire on the traffic side of a parked car. For many years, Andy Thibault dogged a case which public officials seemed determined to let die, despite the presence of a likely suspect. He tells me his mentor, John Peterson, broke the case open and then handed over the torch. Joined by the victim's mother, Lucille, who revealed herself as a determined but delightful woman as the story unfolds, Andy beats up on police, prosecutors, judges and governors until finally there is action. Spurred on by an appointment hastened by Gov. Ella Grasso, Judge Joseph Dannehy conducted one of the most brilliant and thorough investigations I have ever seen. If this book were only about the Showalter case, it would be worth the price.

    APPENDIX

    THE SHOWALTER CHRONOLOGY – A FOUR YEAR SEARCH FOR JUSTICE


    New London, Ct.

    1973

    December 24

    Approximately 11:10 to 11:20 p.m. Kevin B. Showalter is killed. Car leaves scene. Only taillights observed by a neighbor.

    There is much confusion. Mr. Showalter had been changing a tire on his companion’s car. His companion Debra Emilyta, was sitting about six feet away from the car on a stone wall.

    Ms. Emilyta told police she heard a thud, but did not see the car which struck Mr. Showalter. She said she ran across the road, a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street, before seeing Mr. Showalter’s body.

    Mr. Showalter’s body was thrown 22 feet from the believed point of impact, onto a sidewalk near a large tree. The police report prepared that night noted the deceased’s shoes were found 110 feet apart. Part of a leg bone was found 75 feet away.

    Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Auto Body gives police body putty, apparently from the car which struck Mr. Showalter. The putty never made it to the police station. Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko later denies its existence.

    December 25

    Autopsy performed. No trace of alcohol or drugs found. Cause of death listed as lacerated liver and broken neck.

    In efforts to console Mrs. Showalter, friends, neighbors, witnesses and officials volunteer information about the accident. She quietly listens for about six weeks, taking it for granted that police are acting on the same information. December 26

    New London police begin full-scale search for red car.

    1974

    February 6

    FBI report describes paint particles on Mr. Showalter’s clothing as “racing green” or “forest green” used on 1968 Chrysler products.

    February 7

    Mrs. Showalter notes she had the impression local police were not actively pursuing the case. She began interviewing those persons who came to her voluntarily and made a written record of her findings.

    During the next three weeks, Mrs. Showalter spends much of her time making telephone calls and knocking on doors. She and her youngest son Craig, then 14, visited a number of local auto dealers and garages. She said in most cases they were told police had not made any inquiries of them.

    February 28

    New London police conduct first interview with Harvey N. Mallove, the downtown merchant and former mayor and city councilor. Mallove stated he drove by Pequot Avenue near Plant Street shortly before 11:15 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. Seven people near the accident scene contradict what he said he saw.

    April 20

    Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. Edmund J. O’Brien, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation into her son’s death. O’Brien never responds.

    On the same day, Atty. Thomas Bishop, representing Mrs. Showalter as the administratix of Mr. Showalter’s estate, asks Atty. Joseph Moukawsher to conduct a coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death.

    April 23

    Moukawsher agrees to conduct inquest but must confer with New London police before setting date.

    June 4

    Mrs. Showalter writes to New London Police Chief John J. Crowley, asking for a progress report on the investigation by his force. Crowley neither acknowledges receipt of letter nor responds. Copies of letter were sent to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, and Abraham Kirshenbaum, then chairman of the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

    June 10

    Mrs. Showalter asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a grand jury investigation.

    June 24

    Santaniello notes Moukawsher has agreed to conduct coroner’s inquest. He tells Mrs. Showalter, “If it appears that during any stage of this proceeding that any further intercession is necessary, appropriate action will be taken at that time.”

    July 2

    Mrs. Showalter writes to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, asking for a report from his office assessing the police department’s handling of the case. She also asks for a reply to her June 4 letter to Police Chief Crowley.

    July 9

    Driscoll tells Crowley to prepare a complete report for Mrs. Showalter.

    July 10

    Bucko completes report on fatal accident.

    July 25

    Driscoll sends Mrs. Showalter Bucko’s report. The report said Mr. Showalter’s body was in the road, but the ambulance crew which took Mr. Showalter to Lawrence Memorial Hospital said they found him on the sidewalk several feet away. No police officer ever saw the body at the scene since the first officer arrived as the body was being placed in the ambulance.

    Bucko says paint particles from a 1968 Plymouth at the U.S. Naval Submarine Base in Groton are similar to those found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing, but the same paint is used on any 1968 Chrysler product.

    Bucko also says a piece of metal Mrs. Showalter found near the accident scene is in the detective bureau. When Mrs. Showalter first offered the metal to police, they refused to sign a receipt for it.

    August 6

    Mrs. Showalter writes to Driscoll regarding Bucko’s report. She lists six pages of comments on allegedly “serious omissions” and “strictly opinion judgments” by Bucko.

    Mrs. Showalter also writes to Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley, asking him to send a representative to the coroner’s inquest. She includes copies of correspondence with local officials and Bucko’s report.

    August 9

    Mrs. Showalter requests a meeting with the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

    August 15

    Bucko updates report, at request of city manager Driscoll.

    Bucko said of the body location, “the position he (Mr. Showalter) was found in at the scene of the accident, in my opinion, would not help in solving this matter.” Erroneous on the report is the position of the car jack which is shown on the front bumper. The car Mr. Showalter was working on, a Ford Pinto, had to be jacked from the side of the vehicle.

    Omitted from the report is the location of a car mat seen to the rear of the car and the spare tire Mr. Showalter never got to put on the car.

    August 20

    Gormley writes to Mrs. Showalter, telling her the local police investigation “has proceeded smoothly,” and there is “no reason for this office to initiate its own investigation.”

    August 28

    The Public Safety Committee of the New London City Council meets in closed session for one hour to discuss the hit-run death. Chief Crowley requested the closed session. He said there is evidence that could jeopardize future action.

    Mrs. Showalter submitted a 12-page statement for the meeting, but did not attend.

    Crowley said the case is not closed and it appears an arrest may be made.

    August 31

    Mallove submits official statement to New London police.

    November, 1974

    After being postponed several times, the coroner’s inquest hears testimony from 50 persons. No findings issued.

    1975

    January 24

    A state police detective participating in the federal grand jury probe of the city police department has told one of its patrolmen they identified the driver of the car which struck and killed Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve, 1973.

    “We know who killed the Showalter kid, how come you don’t?” the detective was quoted in The Norwich Bulletin as saying.

    March 19-22

    The Bulletin, in a four-part series, shows:

    - Eyewitnesses and what New London police called “near witnesses” drastically differed in their accounts of the accident.

    - Microscopic paint particles found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing on which police based their search may not have been left by the vehicle which struck him.

    - Evidence entrusted to police officers at the scene has never been seen since.

    - A claim by police that it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles possible involved in the mishap was declared false by the state Motor Vehicle Department.

    The Bulletin, when preparing the series of articles, made repeated efforts to discuss the case with police officials but Lt. K.T. Bucko, who headed the case, on the advice of then Police Chief John Crowley, would not.

    April 3 State police conduct an extensive door-to-door inquiry in the Pequot Avenue region. State police have been looking into the case as part of a federal grand jury investigation into alleged corruption within the city force.

    July 12

    The state of Connecticut offers a $2,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person responsible for the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter. A total of $3,000 is now being offered. Classmates and friends of Mr. Showalter’s have already collected $1,000.

    July 21

    A community effort by friends and classmates raises the reward to $5,000.

    November 8

    The transcript of the coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death conducted nearly a year ago has yet to be typed, Coroner Joseph Moukawsher confirms. He said he wants to review the transcript even though he believes his six-day long inquest did not establish any guilt in the case. He said he has not spoken with the court reporter assigned to the case since the early summer.

    December 10

    Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation. No response.

    1976

    January 6

    Satti refuses to confirm or deny the existence of Mrs. Showalter’s request. Mrs. Showalter has also asked Satti’s office to ascertain the location of recorded tapes made during the coroner’s inquest.

    January 9

    Mrs. Showalter sends a special delivery letter to Satti asking for a response to the December 10 request. No response.

    February 19

    In a feature article, also carried statewide by the Associated Press, The Bulletin profiles Mrs. Showalter on page one.

    Some public officials regard her as a persistent nuisance, someone to be ignored and sidestepped, but Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter will not breathe easily until they tell her who killed her son, Bulletin reporter Fred Vollono wrote.

    “The official comment seems to be there is nothing to it,” Mrs. Showalter said. “It is just the ramblings of a grief-stricken mother. But there are many people who urge me to go on. They say, ‘Lucille, if you stop, then nothing will ever be done.’”

    February 23

    Mrs. Showalter receives a letter of confession from an inmate at Somers state prison. The inmate said he was plagued by news accounts of the death. Every time he seems to forget the accident, the inmate said, he reads another news story.

    April 2

    Mrs. Showalter submits a third written request to Satti for a grand-jury probe. No response.

    May 6

    Common Pleas court Prosecutor Harold Dean quashes the only lead in the two and a half year old investigation, The Norwich Bulletin reports. The lead was the letter of confession written by the inmate at Somers Prison. State police arrested the inmate for harassment of the victim’s mother, Mrs. Showalter, to whom the letter was sent. Dean nolled the case and allowed it to be dismissed despite a prior meeting with state police when the significance of the arrest was discussed.

    State police did not believe the letter writer was responsible for the hit-run death, but they thought the letter contained possibly significant information. Dean said he was certain the accused had no knowledge of the case, because he was incarcerated when Mr. Showalter was killed.

    August 7 The day following the Bulletin’s report of Dean quashing the lead, Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley says he had “no idea” why the lead “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. Two state police officers had met with Gormley to discuss the letter of confession.

    August 6

    State police list the investigation into the killing of Mr. Showalter as “closed pending further development.” That classification came 31 days after Dean threw the harassment case out of court.

    August 30

    Mrs. Showalter again asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a one-man grand jury probe.

    September 1

    Mrs. Showalter publicly renews her efforts to have a one-man grand jury reopen the investigation into the hit-run killing of her son. In a statement sent to 22 media outlets, Mrs. Showalter says she made the appeal in an August 30 letter to Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello. She says she was asking the judge to “make good on a promise” he made to her in June 1974. Santaniello wrote in a June 24, 1974 letter, Superior Court intercession would be possible if the investigation required it.

    Santaniello said, “probably the proper person” to approach would be State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti. But Mrs. Showalter said she is ignoring Satti because he failed to respond to her December 1975 letter asking for the grand jury.

    September 23

    State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti says he needs another three weeks to review information on the killing of Mr. Showalter before deciding whether the investigation should be reopened or shelved.

    Satti says he had hoped to have the matter resolved by today, but the sinking of his 35-foot cabin cruiser two weeks ago, an unexpected report of crimes by New London police, and a new trial forced him behind schedule.

    November 23

    Mrs. Showalter turns to Governor Ella T. Grasso for help.

    “I cannot endure this loss of a beloved son in the midst of a governmental system that appears to neither act nor care,” Mrs. Showalter says in a letter to the governor.

    Mrs. Showalter says she is skeptical the New London County State’s Attorney’s review of the case will result in the one-man grand jury she has requested. Satti today said he is still reviewing transcripts of the Coroner’s Inquest and refused further comment.

    December 21

    Just three days before the third anniversary of the killing of Kevin B. Showalter, the state’s chief court administrator orders the city’s only unsolved hit-and-run case reopened.

    John P. Cotter signs an order creating a one-man jury to probe the death, renewing hopes that allegations of police bungling and mishandling of the case will be settled.

    “I can’t yet believe it,” says Mrs. Showalter, calling the action a “literal miracle.”

    Cotter, a justice on the state Supreme Court, selects retired Superior Court Judge Raymond J. Devlin to head the one-man grand jury.

    An attorney representing Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter also files a $600,000 lawsuit against the unnamed person(s) responsible for the killing of her son. Atty. Averum J. Sprecher of East Haddam says the suit is aimed at protecting Mrs. Showalter’s rights.

    “The action as I have filed it will definitively preserve her rights when the investigative bodies finally determine who killed the boy,” he said. The suit is aimed at heading off fears the state’s statute of limitations might preclude Mrs. Showalter from pursuing civil action if the killer is found.

    December 24

    Superior Court Judge Joseph F. Dannehy is ordered to replace State Referee Raymond J. Devlin as the one-man grand juror investigating Mr. Showalter’s death. Chief Court Administrator John P. Cotter says Judge Devlin had asked to be taken off the case because he was too busy with other duties, and would be unable to commute from his New Haven office.

    1977

    January 4

    Austin J. McGuigan, the special prosecutor assigned to the one-man grand jury probing the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter promises to pull “all the stops” in his investigation but says he needs help from the public to succeed.

    McGuigan has worked for the state for two years as the top investigator of organized crime. He appeals to anyone with information to call him confidentially.

    February 8

    State Police Commissioner Edward P. Leonard, as part of a last-resort effort, makes a personal appeal to area residents for information about the killing of Mr. Showalter. In a letter to the people who live near the Pequot Avenue site where Mr. Showalter died, Leonard asks for facts – “No matter how insignificant they may appear” – which might shed light on the car, the driver or the accident scene.

    Special Prosecutor McGuigan says police “had no suspects.” However, he says if a suspect is found police believe there is sufficient evidence to tie the person to the case.

    April 18

    Investigators say they feel confident the Showalter case will be solved.

    The new optimism comes after a public appeal netted more than 300 leads, new laboratory analysis of existing evidence, and an accounting of each of the more than 10,000 green Chrysler products registered in Eastern Connecticut when Mr. Showalter was killed.

    The new evidence means “there is a significant possibility the vehicle in question was not a green Chrysler,” Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan says. While the investigators will not say what other color the car might have been, the evidence apparently opens new avenues for the investigation. Previously, other theories on who drove the death car, theories which have had some substantiation, were locked into the green Chrysler theory, police acknowledge.

    May 10

    State police investigators spend two and a half hours recreating and filming the Pequot Avenue death scene where Mr. Showalter was the victim of the hit and run.

    May 18

    State police again film and re-create death scene.

    June 22

    The Bulletin reports that one of the most intensive investigations in state police history, the probe into Mr. Showalter’s hit-run death, will be given to a one-man grand jury July 5 in Windham county Superior Court.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror, imposes a gag order on all investigators assigned to the case. Special Prosecutor McGuigan and 17 state police detectives had gathered evidence for the grand jury.

    June 23

    More than 50 persons will be subpoenaed and the scope of the probe will be expanded to include subsequent actions connected with the accident, The Bulletin reports.

    June 24

    Eleven New London police officers, including the top detective involved in the first of three investigations of the hit-run death, have been subpoenaed, The Bulletin reports.

    July 5

    The grand jury begins behind closed doors with testimony by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

    Outside, a television camera crew drips with sweat under the glare of a hot summer sun.

    Inside it is quiet and cool – almost like any other day. The state police detectives and reporters talk about golf, baseball and other summertime activities. Because of the gag order imposed by Judge Dannehy, they can’t talk about what is most on their minds, what has brought them all together – the unsolved hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.

    The session lasts about five hours and also includes testimony by Mrs. Showalter and Debra Emilyta, Mr. Showalter’s companion the night he died.

    Ms. Emilyta has been sitting on a wall about 6 feet from Mr. Showalter when he was killed. She told police she only heard the 20-year-old Mitchell College student struck, and did not see the car which struck him.

    July 6

    Witnesses include Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Arco in New London. What he identified as body putty, apparently from the car that struck and killed Mr. Showalter, has never been seen since police officers placed it in an envelope that night, according to sources.

    Ms. Emilyta concludes testimony.

    Also testifying are Dr. Robert Weller, members of his family, and a friend, who while returning home from church drove past Mr. Showalter as he was changing the tire. They were among the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

    Other witnesses include Mrs. Ruth P. Hendel and Mrs. Charles (Shirley Pope) Alloway, her daughter.

    On Christmas Eve, 1973, Mrs. Hendel had just turned away from the window of her home on Pequot Avenue where she had been watching Mr. Showalter work on the Emilyta car. She heard the noise of the car striking Mr. Showalter and turning back quickly she caught a glimpse of the taillights. Her first impression of the fleeing southbound car was that it was bright-colored, possibly red.

    Mrs. Hendel continued to watch the accident scene as she telephoned Mrs. Alloway, the wife of a New London police officer.

    Arthur Adams of New London, a Mitchell College security guard and former state policeman, also testifies. Aside from Ms. Emilyta and the hit-run driver, Adams may have been one of the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

    Adams saw Mr. Showalter working on the car and Ms. Emilyta sitting on the stone wall, swinging her legs. He observed the girl with a coat collar wrapped around her head, in conversation with Mr. Showalter, after the Weller party had driven by.

    Adams continued on his rounds towards the Montauk Avenue side of the campus. Sometime after 11 p.m., he saw an ambulance heading for the hospital and two police cars heading down Plant Street.

    July 7

    Some of the last persons who saw Mr. Showalter alive and one of the first who saw him dead testify.

    Six members of the Sitty family, who were celebrating Christmas Eve and occasionally watching Mr. Showalter change a tire from inside a house on Pequot Avenue, tell the grand jury what they knew about the case, Edmond Sitty had brought out a blanket and a corduroy coat to put over Mr. Showalter’s body after he had been struck and killed.

    A New London High School classmate of Mr. Showalter, Arthur Petrini, was a passenger in a car that passed the accident scene sometime after Mr. Showalter was killed and before the ambulance and police arrived. He also testified.

    July 12

    Witnesses included two firemen and a dispatcher, two nurses and an orderly, the New London County Medical Examiner, the first man to officially identify Mr. Showalter, and a woman who lives near the accident scene.

    Larry Grimes, a security guard who knew Mr. Showalter from Mitchell College, had made the preliminary identification at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, where he also worked. Mrs. Dorothy Bryson of Pequot Avenue, who came upon the accident scene, also testifies.

    July 13

    New London police officers pack the waiting room of the Windham County Courthouse. Of the 11 who were subpoenaed last month, at least seven are present.

    The 11 include Patrolmen Vincent McGrath, Steven Colonis, Thomas P. Bowes Jr., and Cpl. Joseph Chiapponne, all of whom were involved in the initial investigation. With the change of shift, Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, Patrolmen Richard West and Glenn Davis and Det. Sgt. Konstanty T. Bucko joined the probe. Bucko was off duty at the time.

    McGrath filed the motor vehicle report of the accident and the sketch on the report was by Bowes. Bucko took photographs of the scene and gathered evidence. His photographs may be the only ones taken. Bucko also went to the hospital and got the victim’s clothing, according to sources.

    Colonis, the first officer on the scene, apparently arrived as Mr. Showalter was being placed in the ambulance. He interviewed Ms. Emilyta and took her to the station to file a 13-sentence statement.

    There is some confusion of whether Colonis drove an unmarked police car that night. Sources say police made conflicting statements on that question.

    July 14

    Thomas Wainwright, who played tennis with Kevin Showalter at New London High, saw his lifeless body on a sidewalk on Pequot Avenue before an ambulance or police arrived, and is among those testifying today. Arthur Petrini, who testified last week, was a passenger in Wainwright’s car.

    Mr. and Mrs. Donald Wainwright, who were stopped by police after circling the scene in another auto, also testify.

    At least seven New London police officers are at the courthouse, but it is not known how many are testifying.

    July 19

    The grand jury shifts beyond reconstructions by “near witnesses,” as Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, now retired, testifies. He was the squad leader who reportedly conducted “an intensive investigation” for a red car during the 11:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. shift on Christmas Day 1973.

    July 20

    The grand jury investigators spend much of the day alone reviewing physical evidence and testimony. Only three witnesses – New London police who have already appeared during the proceedings – are present.

    July 21

    Det. Bucko appears for at least the fourth time in the nine days the grand jury has convened. The session begins at 10 a.m. and ends about 5:45 p.m., with his departure.

    A nurse’s aide who knelt by Mr. Showalter’s body, feeling for a pulse, also testifies, Sue Costello, who heard the report of an accident as she was leaving Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals in New London from her shift, had arrived on the scene before ambulance personnel and police.

    July 26

    The scope of the grand jury probe goes beyond Mr. Showlater’s death and runs smack into a crucial area of dispute with the appearance of New London police detective Walter Petchark.

    On Christmas Day 1973, with evidence already missing and news of Mr. Showalter’s death on the radio, Petchark reportedly received a call from former mayor Harvey N. Mallove. Mallove later told The Bulletin there was no truth to the report. But he allegedly told Petchark he thought he saw the accident the night before.

    Three city police detectives – Bucko, Petchark, and Carmello Fazzina – were present at the inquiry. They were followed by laboratory technicians from the FBI, who lent their expertise in the analysis of headlight glass possibly belonging to the death vehicle.

    July 27

    The former counsel for the estate of Mr. Showalter testifies. Atty. Thomas Bishop confirms his representation of the estate was severed in June 1974.

    Thomas and Donald Wainwright return for further testimony.

    July 28

    Witnesses include Mrs. S.F. Zimet of Ledyard. Mallove said he was visiting at her home on Christmas Eve 1973, left about 10:45 p.m., and was home in New London about half an hour later.

    Mrs. Zimet is accompanied by her attorney, L. Patrick Gray. Gray, like Bishop, is a member of the New London law firm Suissman, Shapiro, Wool, and Brennan.

    Other witnesses include New London city Manager C. Francis Driscoll and Elise Mallove, Mallove’s daughter. Miss Mallove was home for her Christmas vacation in 1973.

    The grand jury begins a four-week recess. More than 50 persons were called during the first 12 days of the inquiry.

    August 30

    New London police investigators and a newspaper editor who has followed their unsolved hit-run death case for three years are among the witnesses.

    Retired Police Chief John Crowley and Det. Lt. K.T. Bucko, who refused repeated pleas by The Bulletin in March of 1975 to discuss the death of Kevin B. Showalter, gives testimony – as did the paper’s managing editor, John C. Peterson.

    Peterson testifies for three hours.

    August 31

    The attorney who conducted a coroner’s inquest into Mr. Showalter’s death, the results of which have never met public scrutiny, is the first witness today. Atty. Joseph Moukwasher, who heard testimony from 50 witnesses during six days in September and November of 1974, is one of the few persons familiar with the substance of that investigation.

    It took more than two years for the transcripts of the hearings to be typed and submitted to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti.

    State Police Sgt. Donald Crouch, who in 1974 and 1975 worked for the federal grand jury investigating alleged corruption in the New London force, also testifies. Other witnesses included Rosemary Benson and Carol James.

    September 1

    Physical exhibits appear to outnumber witnesses in the 15th day of proceedings. Two state police technicians from the crime lab in Bethany carry satchels concealing evidence into the closed courtroom. One exhibit is a light colored automobile fender, which was dented and streaked.

    September 2

    Det. Edward Pickett of the New London County State’s Attorney’s office, who helped administer a lie detector test to Ms. Emilyta, testifies. Ms. Emilyta passed the test.

    Another detective, private investigator Joe Harris, is also called. A former Waterford police sergeant, he worked on the case for a brief time, on his own.

    Other witnesses in a short session include State Police Sgt. Charles Trotter, a principal investigator in the federal grand jury probe of the New London city police.

    September 12

    Two persons who saw Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve 1973, hours before he was killed testify.

    Ramona Ricci, a coworker of Mr. Showalter’s at a Waterford discotheque, attended one of two parties Mr. Showalter had planned to go to after work that night. Nancy Wicksham, who also testified, had joined friends that holiday evening at the club.

    September 18

    Mallove says his status as a suspect in the case is “nothing new.” During testimony in a New Jersey courtroom, Connecticut State Police revealed Mallove is a prime suspect in the hit-run case. The testimony concerned refusal by two New Jersey men to comply with a subpoena issued by the one-man grand jury. Trooper Charles Wargat also testified he was told the two men repaired Mallove’s car on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day 1973.

    Mallove tells The Bulletin he did not know the men and never had a car repaired at their shop on Reed Street in New London. He says he didn’t kill Mr. Showalter and doesn’t know anything about anybody who did.

    September 19

    One of the two men who testified with immunity today has said in a published account he has no knowledge of the case and denied any car was repaired in his New London shop on Christmas Eve 1973.

    Walter String Jr. made those comments in the New Jersey Courier Post. He and his son, Walter String III, had been ordered to appear today by a New Jersey judge, after refusing to comply with a subpoena.

    Among the dozen or so witnesses are New London city police Sgt. Donald Sloan and Cpl. Charles Alloway. They took the first full statement from Ms. Emilyta, five days after the accident.

    September 26

    Darlene Barnes, a friend of Mr. Showalter who patronized the Waterford discotheque where he worked, is among the witnesses today. Ms. Barnes was also one of the 50 witnesses during the coroner’s inquest of 1974.

    October 3

    Larry Grimes testifies again. The Mitchell College security guard who made the first identification of Mr. Showalter at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, was also at the courthouse on July 12, and Sept. 26.

    The grand jury will be in recess until October 17. It has convened 20 times since July 5 and heard about 90 witnesses.

    October 11

    Judge Dannehy says published reports that Mallove is a prime suspect in the case “couldn’t bother me in the least.”

    “They (the newspapers) are free to speculate if they wish,” Dannehy says. “I am not concerned with their claimed right to freedom of expression.

    I think that sometimes their attitude is to publish and be damned, but they don’t bother me.”

    “Why don’t you wait” for the grand jury report? Dannehy asked.

    October 17

    The sales manager of a New London auto firm who said he has sold a number of cars to the family of a suspect in the hit-run case testifies.

    In 1970, Peter Emmanuel Sr. of New London Motors sold a Lincoln Continental to Harvey N. Mallove, whom state police have identified as a suspect in the Christmas Eve, 1973 death. A compact car was among the other autos the New London firm sold to Mallove.

    State police were looking for a green Chrysler product when they first questioned New London motors personnel, Emmanuel said before he testified. But the firm didn’t sell Mallove such a vehicle, which police had believed was the death car, he added.

    October 24

    The grand jury does not convene today because the investigators were not ready to proceed, Judge Dannehy said. He said he plans to conduct several more sessions before adjourning to write the final report, but did not specify.

    November 14

    The grand jury meets for its first regular session since October 17 and hears one witness. The witness, Gary Jordan of New London, said he was dating Elise Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973.

    Sources say the grand jury conducted at least one special session since October 17, but it was not known who testified.

    November 21

    State police continue working long and irregular hours probing Mr. Showalter’s death as they re-create the hit-run scene on Pequot Avenue near Plant Street for at least the third time.

    November 29

    The man whom state police have said they consider a prime suspect in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death has his day in court.

    Harvey N. Mallove testifies for about four hours before the secret grand jury probing Mr. Showalter’s death. Atty. Leo J. McNamara accompanies Mallove to the Windham County Courthouse.

    Mallove says he was one of a number of persons who drove by the accident scene shortly before or after Mr. Showalter was killed. But a four-part series by The Bulletin in March of 1975 showed Mallove saw a scene that seven other persons said could not have taken place.

    Mallove passed the accident scene within a minute or two after an ambulance call was logged. His statement to New London police – dated eight months later – conflicts with accounts of seven persons at the scene or looking out their windows seconds after Mr. Showalter was struck.

    Mr. Showalter was struck by a car as he changed a tire on a friend’s parked Ford Pinto, on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street.

    In his statement, Mallove said he saw an automobile parked at an angle in front of the Pinto. None of the seven persons saw any car stopped at the scene immediately after the victim was hit according to the July 10, 1974 report by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

    Mallove’s vivid description of a middle-aged man talking with a girl near the car also conflicts with statements by the seven persons.

    In his statement, Mallove said he assumed the man was a member of the police department. But Bucko claims in the July 10 report that Mallove told him the talking to the girl was “NOT” a policeman.

    Bucko’s report also claims Mallove learned on Christmas Day 1974 that “a man had been killed and he remarked to some people that he saw the body.” But Bucko continued to report that after Mallove viewed photographs of the scene he realized what he mistook for a body was a floor mat. In his statement, Mallove said he saw a “flat object which I assumed was a blanket or a mat.”

    In his August 31, 1974 statement, Mallove said, “Seeing no trouble, accident, or any evidence of anything out of place…I continued on my way home.”

    In the July 10, 1974 report, Bucko claims; “Mr. Mallove stated he was going to stop because he realized there had been an accident.”

    Mallove has told The Bulletin that Bucko misquoted him.

    December 7

    The calling of witnesses ends with Mallove’s second appearance.

    The proceedings included a film screening, apparently of the death scene as re-created by state police.

    After the 35 minute screening, Special Prosecutor McGuigan and Judge Dannehy questioned Mallove for about 40 minutes. That was the bulk of the afternoon session.

    The question of whether indictments should be handed down in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death now rests with Judge Dannehy.

    After 24 sessions and more than 100 witnesses, Dannehy said the next step for the grand jury is the final report on who killed Kevin B. Saltwater.

    1978

    Feb. 17 Report filed.

    Feb. 22

    Report made public.

  • THE DANNEHY REPORT


  • SHOWALTER COVERUP COLUMNS

    Chapter 1

    Law and Justice in Everyday Life

    Cover-Up In New London

    Hit-And-Run Continues To Mock Justice


    Sept. 4, 2000

    If Connecticut Chief State’s Attorney John Bailey wants to bring closure to cold cases, here’s one from New London that should top the list: The Showalter hit-and-run cover-up is a dark chapter in Connecticut history, a tale more appropriate for a Third World country.

    And yet, only one thing bothers former New London County State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti about the Showalter case: that it was investigated at all.

    Satti, now retired, made the point again and again, most recently this year. Satti’s complaint, made during the wake of the late state police Detective George Ryalls, was that Ryalls’ obituary mentioned the suspect the prosecutor refused to pursue in the Showalter probe.

    Kevin B. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, was killed at 11:12 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. He was changing a tire on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue on the New London shoreline when he was struck and killed. His girlfriend, sitting only 6 feet away on a stone wall, claims she saw nothing.

    Auto body putty from the death car disappeared after a tow truck driver gave it to New London police. The evidence file that was supposed to contain the putty was stuffed with bathroom tiles. The file that was supposed to contain headlight glass from the death car instead contained glass from three different headlights. State police and others suspected that, in order to throw legitimate investigators off the trail, the late young man's clothing was pounded on a different-colored car than the one that killed him.

    The victim's mother, Lucille M. Showalter, tried to get a grand jury investigation of the cover-up. She was rebuffed repeatedly by the presiding judge, Angelo Santaniello who, it later became clear, was best friends with the leading suspect. Santaniello then referred Showalter to prosecutor Satti, who happened to be his former law partner. Satti refused to acknowledge registered letters from Mrs. Showalter pleading for a grand jury probe.

    Satti did finally meet with Mrs. Showalter in 1978, after Judge Joseph Dannehy of Willimantic, acting as a one-man grand jury, named former New London Mayor Harvey N. Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle. Satti called the three-hour meeting, in which he repeatedly told Mrs. Showalter that there never should have been a grand jury investigation under Dannehy.

    Mallove held a good hand; he had the best legal muscle in New London County on his side. New London police would not question him for more than seven months, and then only in a perfunctory manner. They would say they inspected his cars, but they did not. Significantly, Mallove’s Lincoln had been repaired, but it wasn’t until state police took over the case four years after the accident that the fender was finally seized.

    Santaniello would arrange for a coroner’s inquest and put his niece in charge of typing the transcript. Only after two years of intense public pressure would the transcript be typed. But the inquest never issued a finding.

    Santaniello tipped off Mallove that he was a suspect. The judge was also aware of what local police knew about the case. Mrs. Showalter memorialized the admissions in tape-recorded telephone conversations.

    “I did talk to Harvey,” Santaniello told Mrs. Showalter on Oct. 17, 1975, “and I said, `You’re suspected.’ As a matter of fact, at that time a police officer came to him on the same day or the next day, and told him you were making accusations about him and that he was a prime suspect.” The day before, Mallove told Mrs. Showalter, “Judge Santaniello is of the opinion that you fingered me.”

    It was not until 1977 that state police, who took over the case at the behest of former Gov. Ella Grasso, formally named Mallove a suspect. Next week, I'll propose a means to solve the Showalter cover-up.

    Showalter Cover-Up Is New London's Shame

    Sept. 11, 2000

    New London, where I grew up and began working in the 1960s and ‘70s, was a dirty little city with character.

    It had a restaurant called the Hygienic that was everything but. There were at least a couple bars where the cops couldn't do anything, except maybe a little business.

    The top pimp in town never went to jail until he was about 60 and a certain court official retired.

    New London will always be the city that tried to cover up the Christmas Eve 1973 hit-and-run death of Kevin B. Showalter. It's been doing a pretty good job for nearly 27 years, but the onion is beginning to peel.

    The local daily newspaper admitted -- in its official history published this year -- that it did a shoddy job on the Showalter case. Specifically, The Day admitted its failure to explore the relationship between a former mayor and a top judge, and their influence on the course of the criminal investigation. That’s a beginning.

    Political and police corruption goes back a couple generations in New London. By the 1970s, New London police were widely known to be involved in the selling of women, dope and refrigerators, among other things. A federal grand jury took note. But as with the Showalter case, there were these little problems with the evidence.

    A jewelry store owner and former city mayor multi-millionaire Harvey Mallove was the prime suspect in the hit-and-run death of Showalter, a student at Mitchell College. Showalter’s date that night, Christmas Eve 1973, said she saw nothing from her vantage point six feet away, sitting on a stone wall under a streetlight on a residential street as a young man changed the tire of her car.

    Harvey was everybody’s pal. He would take kids to the Super Bowl, then, down the road, get them jobs as cops. He was friends with bums in the street and bums in high political office. He was wired. The standing joke among reporters became: Harvey's a great guy to have a beer with, just don't change your tire if he's driving by.

    “I didn't kill the kid in any way, shape or form,” Harvey told me many times. As mayor, Harvey helped hire a few police chiefs. His best friend was the administrative judge for the county; that was the judge who controlled the early stages of the investigation, specifically a coroner’s inquest that never issued a finding.

    State police followed up a report that Mallove’s best friend, County Administrative Judge Angelo G. Santaniello, was with Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973. Santaniello reportedly was No. 11 on a guest list for a party at the home of his political mentor, the late state Sen. Peter Mariani. The Mariani party was one of two Mallove attended that night.

    Santaniello told reporters he never went out on Christmas Eve.

    Another state judge, Joseph F. Dannehy, conducted two grand jury investigations. In 1978, Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle, but said evidence that might have ensured conviction was either mishandled or destroyed.

    Mallove died a few years ago with this legacy. Others still have time to come clean and tell the truth about the cover-up. Mrs. Showalter tried unsuccessfully to have Satti, Santaniello and others prosecuted for hindrance of prosecution (CGS Section 53a-166) warning of impending discovery, providing means of avoiding discovery, preventing discovery by deception. Because a conspiracy to hinder prosecution is an ongoing crime, those with information could tell Chief State's Attorney John Bailey, who has begun an initiative to solve some of the state's cold homicide cases.

    Isn’t it time? No one kept the system honest when it counted, though some tried. Most stood by as the system that was supposed to protect the victim and his family betrayed them all.

    Where is the conscience of the community?

    Cold Case On Ice Forever

    Nov. 6, 2000

    One way to deflect attention from a suspect is to get investigators involved in meaningless, time-consuming tasks. Another way is to create a bogus suspect who is then exposed as such, causing a belief that the case is just too hazy to pursue.

    Both of these devices were used repeatedly in the cover-up of the Showalter hit-run case in New London. Whether this was happenstance, indifference, incompetence or malfeasance, the result was the same. The system failed.

    And now, it seems, the truth will remain buried forever.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror who investigated the case, wrote in his finding of fact: “After December 25, 1973, the New London Police Department did virtually nothing to solve the hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.” The accident occurred the night before.

    Local police and court officials, however, were pro-active in another sense. Their actions served to protect the assailant.

    For example, New London police claimed it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles using data from the state Motor Vehicle Department. The motor vehicle department declared there was no such charge.

    Nevertheless, New London police spent their time hand-sorting local motor vehicle cards. They looked for a green Chrysler. That was likely a false lead; state police said paint particles found on the victim's clothing did not come from the car that killed him.

    Former Mayor Harvey Mallove began meeting informally with police and court officials as early as Dec. 25, 1973. Mallove wanted to know what the police knew.

    The only lead after two and a half years was quashed by then New London Common Pleas Court Prosecutor Harold Dean in May 1976. The lead was a letter of confession written by a Somers prison inmate to the victim’s mother, Lucille Showalter.

    “I told Harold how important that was to me,” Mallove, the prime suspect, confided to an associate. He also acknowledged discussing the purported confession with his best friend, the presiding judge for the county, Angelo Santaniello.

    The author of the letter was known to be connected with “fences,” or purveyors of stolen goods in the New London area. State police arrested him for harassment of Mrs. Showalter. Two state troopers met with Dean for an hour. They told him the letter contained possibly significant information. State police also believed they could connect the dots in New London between the letter writer and the powers-that-be. Did he owe some favors? Was he paid? Police knew the author had no liability for the accident; he was actually in Florida at the time of the hit-run.

    Dean nolled and dismissed the case without telling the troopers or Mallove. Soon thereafter, state police listed the killing of Showalter as “closed pending further development.” Upon learning of Dean's action, Chief State's Attorney Joseph Gormley remarked he had “no idea” why the lead, “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. The case would remain closed for six months, until Gov. Ella Grasso brought the matter to Justice John Cotter.

    Was there criminal activity connected with the Showalter cover-up? It appears we will never know for certain. Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver, noting that evidence which might have ensured conviction was destroyed. The Chief State’s Attorney’s Office reviewed aspects of the case this fall after a series of columns appeared in The Law Tribune. However, the statute of limitations for the most likely potential charge, conspiracy to hinder prosecution of motor vehicle misconduct, has expired. This shameful case, it appears, is destined to stay on ice forever.

    - AND:

    Olympic Gold for Missing Evidence


    November 28, 2005

    Judge Ellen Gordon was in way over her head with what she tried pass off as a ruling in Day Publishing v. State's Attorney.

    Clueless Gordon was handed a hot one, a case no one has ever wanted in the so-called New London Judicial District. Every single time this case has come to court, begging for justice, The Robes, the prosecutors and their minions have either desecrated their oaths or looked the other way. Clueless Gordon, fairly new to the scene, has managed to join the list of those who are both ostriches and failures.

    The Day newspaper asked Gordon this year to release the grand jury testimony regarding the cover-up of the 1973 hit-run death of Kevin Showalter. Before Gordon probably ever heard of Showalter, five New London County judges recused themselves from a John Doe civil suit against the driver because they were friends with the prime suspect, Harvey Mallove. Mallove -- the late mayor of New London and multimillionaire jeweler who picked police chiefs, planned to run for Congress and starred in the social scene -- was prone to say, "I never killed the kid -- in any way, shape or form."

    It's not like we could expect a New London judge to show guts or brains in this case. Compelling testimony from the first of two grand juries implicated local law enforcement and court officials in a widespread cover-up.

    On Christmas Eve 1973 at 11:12 p.m., as the call came in, a high-ranking New London officer, said, "F--k him, he's dead," and then left to go home. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, lay dead on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue by the shoreline. His body was thrown 22 feet from the point of impact. His shoes were found 110 feet apart. A leg bone was 75 feet away.

    A tow truck driver gave police auto body putty from the death car. The putty was never seen again. New London police mixed headlight glass from at least three different cars in what they called the evidence file. Replacing the auto body putty was bathroom tile. A local coroner's inquest never issued a finding. State police, who took over the case at the behest of Gov. Ella Grasso, were bewildered and angry when they could not find the transcript of the coroner's inquest. Mallove's best friend -- the presiding judge for the county, Angelo G. Santaniello -- had put his niece in charge of typing that transcript. Santaniello also tipped off Mallove to his status as a suspect.

    Now, Clueless Gordon can't find the 3,000-page transcript of the first grand jury. Does she care? Court clerks allegedly performed a diligent search. Would any reasonable person believe or accept any of this?

    Among the last persons known to possess the grand jury report was the late State's Attorney, C. Robert Satti. Satti, who refused to investigate the case before a special prosecutor was appointed, claimed he returned a copy to the grand juror, then Willimantic Superior Court Judge (later Supreme Court Justice) Joseph Dannehy. Both Dannehy and Satti are dead. Did "Do Nothing Bob" -- Mallove's moniker for Satti -- take it with him? We might as well ask Harvey, also dead, or Kevin.

    Gordon's pathetic decision, dated Nov. 7, went on for about a sentence before its first fatal error. It might sound like a technical error, but it's much, much more than that. She actually said New London police investigated the case.

    Before this, I thought it might take generations to remove the stench from the New London courthouse. Alas, for New London, the stench of this cover-up is forever.







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  •           Burning through the Desert         
    Dan Rielger & Ayala Moriel

    A few months ago (the last day of April, to be exact, which was also the first day of my Orientals week-long course), I had the pleasure and honour to host a special guest throughout the day: Dan Riegler of Apothecary's Garden - a purveyor of fair trade resins from around the world - especially frankincense and myrrh that are wild crafted in the traditional methods in countries such as Somalia, Yemen and Kenya. He also sources Cretan labdanum, and other rare raw materials, and sells resin-centrered products that he concocts himself, which you can find on his online shop. One of them being a highly fragrant moustache wax which basically surrounded him with a cloud of frankincense - so obviously he made an instant good impression on me!

    We started the day at the Baha'i Gardens in Akko (which deserve a full post dedicated to them) and then went to my studio to make incense - and burn a bunch too. Little did I know what I was signing up for. On top of the usual things I burn for this class (palo santo chips, sandalwood incense sticks, one type of myrrh and frankincense resins and my own rendition of Egyptian Kyphi) - Dan had a trunk-load of resins that he just imported from Africa, and was immensely kind and generous to share with us the most incredible incense resins with me and my class. We spent the afternoon burning rare myrrh, olibanum, and also some gums I never knew existed, namely Sandarac and Ammoniacum, the latter of which totally blew my mind.

    I learned so much from Dan, about the resins (and the other raw materials he curates and sells), how they are harvested and collected, the chemical makeup of the resins and how it affects the stages of burning (it turns out that incense resins also have top, heart and base notes) - and this post is just a little taste of all the beautiful resins we burnt when he was here. I'm looking forward to meeting him again on his next visits in Israel on the way to the African continent.

    Boswellia carterii
    Frankincense usually comes in "tears" shape as this Boswellia carterii - but not always. Below is a specimen of the less known B. neglecta that look more like a chunk of resinous granules. B. carterii has the characteristic, most unmistakable scent of frankincense - beginning with sweet citrus notes of lemon drops and orange candy and continuing into more resinous, woody and even balsamic, caramel-like nuances as the incense burns on the charcoal.

    While looking pretty much the same, other frankincense species provide further nuances and a whole frankincense burning comparative study (or incense games a-la Japenese Koh-Doh) can easily occupy half a day. Compare this to Maydi (Boswellia frereana) which albeit its slightly herbaceous (sage-like) opening, is more subtle, woody and perfumey. In fact, it smells almost powdery like violet and iris. Ethiopian frakincince (Boswellia papyrifea) is even finer with its suave, light perfume notes, slightly sweet and with notes of burnt sugar at the end of the charcoal burning process.

    Boswellia negoecta - black and white

    Boswellia neglecta is endemic to north Kenya and comes in white and black forms (as you can see in the photo) and is not widely known. The white and the black smell significantly different. The white begins resinous-green, piney and mysterious, surprisingly juice like crushed leaves with hints of parsley, galbanum and ammonia (smells a lot like amoniacum).  It has a hint of sweaty note, a little like coriander seed. The final burning moments bring to mind the smoke coming out of autumnal piles of fall leaves.

    The black neglecta smells completely different - you wouldn't think it came from the same plant: it smells dark and looming, like moss, mushrooms, decaying fall leaves, peat, forest floor and hints of campfire. It's surprising and magical that a resin can possess so many different facets.

    Sandarac
    Sandarac (tetraclllyris) comes from Malta and just like its pure milky appearance, burns clean with a woody-balsamic-resinous scent that is fine and very pleasant. It's a little bit like elemi, a little like mastic but not quite. There is a tiny hint of seashore to it that I only detected after many times of burning. It is quite lovely, even if underwhelming at first impression.

    Ammoniacum
    Ammoniacum is intense and pungent, like a mixture of galbanum, asafoetida, sulphur, greens. It it a very interesting odour but I suspect it would have better effect in magic and exorcism ceremonies rather than contemplative incense rituals.

    Commiphora confusa

    Commiphora confusa, as the name suggests, is a type of myrrh that is hard to identify, and for several reasons: the flowers look different on each plant, the resin looks different as well - and the most surprising of all: it smells more like frankincense than myrrh.

    Commiphora myrrha

    Commiphora myrrha (from Ethiopea) has the characteristic bitter, rubbery scent when burnt, and is what I'd imagine the Queen of Sheba to wear on her neck when seducing King Solomon.

    Commiphora karat

    Commiphora kataf (from Kenya) has pieces of wood in it (which would change the smell of the smoke depending on which chunk you burn). It has a strange, sulphuric-sweaty odour. I guess you could call it spicy, as it has a hint of cumin in it too. Overall it reminds me more of the smell of food than incense - barbecuing kebabs comes to mind.

    Commiphira holziana
    Commiphora holtziana does not smell like myrrh at all to me. It's more woody than C. myrrha, and a tad fresh to start with. Dan describes it as briny and sea-like but I'm not getting it.

    Arabian/Yemeni Myrrh
    Arabian/Yemeni Myrrh is by far the most incredibly beautiful myrrh resin I've ever burnt. Although it came in a strange looking chunk, containing pieces of the plastic bags used by the collectors, and even a piece of wool yarn, it has the most fantastic scent, like a perfume on its own accord. It reminds me of the unique "version" of frankincense that B. papyrifea offers. I would love to have this as an essential oil and create a perfume with it.


              Druze Tea        

    Herbal arrangement for tea brewing
    For those unfamiliar with the Druze culture, it is unique to the Levant (Lebanon, Syria and Israel). This minority group originated about a thousand years ago in the Ismaillia sect of early Islam, and was largely prosecuted after splitting off from it. Therefore, mate

    they usually dwell on mountains and have long tradition of bravery since they've always needed to fend for themselves in a rather hostile environment. In Israel, the Druze communities are all located in the north - from Mount Carmel in the largest Druze town Daliat el Carmel and all the way up north to the Western Galilee, the Golan Heights especially around Mount Hermon.

    Near my village alone there are four Druze villages - Jath, Yanuh, Yirka and Julis. We've held strong friendly relationships with our Druze neighbours. Growing up, two elders from the village Yanuh will travel on foot or by donkey and come help us build our village - they taught our parents how to built terraces from the many rocks around here so that we can grow crops along the hillsides, how to cultivate wild olives and do the grafting so the trees grow strong and bear good fruit, and we went every summer to the miller and grind our wheat (when we still grew our own), and every autumn to line up with all the other olive growers and press our olives into fine olive oil and buy handmade olive soap that was made on the spot from the pommace left from the pressing process. As the nearby village Yirka developed into a small town bustling with businesses - we go there also to do most of our shopping and other business (that's where I usually go to the ship my online orders, by the way), and continue to build business and work relations with our neighbours. My house (both the old and the new part) was built almost entirely by a Birka-Born team of construction experts who became my closest new friends since moving here, and their wives come to practice Pilates with me.

    Growing up here, I remember my mom being especially enthusiastic about learning from the Druze women about the bounty of edible and medicinal wild plants around here. From them she also learned to drink olive oil in the morning on empty stomach, and how to make a special scorpion antidote (from the scorpion that stung you, fried in olive oil). I never tried either, and probably never will. But I do love to learn from them about the nearly magical properties of the plants that grow everywhere around here. It's as if there is an entire pharmacy out in the open, here in the wild. 

    Besides, there is much to be learned from the Druze traditional way of living, which is very family centred and values hospitality and taking the time to sit and enjoy a cup of anything - tea, coffee, and more and more coffee. The latter is served everywhere you go - from the hardware store to the mobile phone shop. And of course you can't enter a home without being invited for at least a cup of coffee, and if it's dinnertime - to break bread with the whole family.

    Ka'kat Isfar
    As is widespread in all of Israel - among both the Arab and Jewish population - the Druze adore za'atar, sage and the many wild harvested and then dried herbs from around here. They are  popular as digestifs or medicinal brews for various ailments or as preventative measures: wild sage, white mint, savory, wild oregano, and more are either infused on their own or added, dried or fresh, to black tea.  The love for za'atar is so profound that it is even added to some sweet pastries, such as this traditional ka'akat isfar ("yellow cake") - a mildly sweet yeasted flatbread that is coloured with turmeric and additionally spiced with sesame and nigella seeds, hints of za'atar (this umbrella name could be wild oregano, savoury or thyme - more on that in another post), and hints of mysterious spices that I'm yet to identify (I detected nutmeg and perhaps even some cardamom or allspice but I can't be sure of the latter two). It has become a favourite of mine, but is never found in a pastry shop. Some families would sell their traditional homemade ka'kat isfar when they make it, and the recipes vary. The first one I tried was only spiced with turmeric. This particular version that I'm very fond of was made by a random person I met on one of my traveling tea parties, and I doubt I will be able to taste ever again. The only recipe I found that seems close is written in Arabic and I'm far from being proficient enough to follow a recipe in that language.

    Many of my Vancouver perfume studio guests have been indirectly introduced to Druze culture through the special tea I would brew each winter (we fondly called it "witch brew") of dried hulnejan (a particular type of dried galangal root) and ginger roots, which is simmered forever in a large pot, simultaneously cleansing the air, warming the chest and keeping colds at bay. It is often served with pecan nuts sprinkled on top, and a lot of sugar, which is how most Druze like their teas. I personally prefer it unsweetened, and like to add cinnamon bark which has its own natural sweetness. Sometimes I would add honey but not often.

    But Hulnejan is not the only interesting thing about the Druze tea culture. As it turns out, in the 19th Century, many Druze - especially from Syria - left for Argentina, and they brought back with them mate, and a special fondness for this unique South American concoction. They drink it socially, sharing the same bombilla (the silver straw), traditionally sucked from the tea which is brewed in a dried decorative gourd.

    Mate, Druze-style

    In this photo, I am holding a dainty cup of mate that was offered to me on the streets of Majdal Shams, a remote Druze village come ski tourist town on Mount Hermon (Jabal Sheikh), formerly part of Syria. 

    On Saturday morning, we were having a hard time finding a place to eat breakfast. The breakfast place recommended to us the night before was still closed at 8:30am - it turns out it was them who had the wedding the night before with the parade that blocked the streets) - and so we were directed by a local lady to a corner shop that sells coffee, cigarettes, local cherries and freshly whipped before your eyes malyukh (Druze flat bread that is baked on top of a saj - an iron dome much like an upside down wok) on top of open fire. The bread is baked only on one side, than folded and smeared with generous amounts of labneh (soft cheese made from strained yoghurt), za'atar mixture, and homemade hot sauce that I swear was spiked with cinnamon.  We were also offered black tea "on the house" which turned to be fragrant with "Ootra" - Arabic for the popular Pelargonium graveness. The lady was impressed with my Arabic (very basic, but still better than nothing) and even more so that I recognized what she put in the tea and know the Arabic name for it.

    I chatted her up as I was munching on the malyukh and sipping the tea, and learned that while Majdal Shams is not as big as Yirka - it is a lot more "modern" to her words. There is a high percentage of post-secondary education, most of which was acquired in Syria, where up until the civil war was offered for free to all Syrian citizens. As a background - you should know that up until 1967, the Golan Heights and Mt. Hermon, including the four Druze villages  there - Majdal Shams, Mas'ade, Ein Kiniya and Buq'ata - were under Syrian rule, and their culture is quite different than what you'll find in the Galilee. One thinks of the border between Israel and Syria (sworn enemies since the establishment of the state of Israeli in 1948) as hermetically sealed, but in fact there was a dynamic flow of the Druze population between the countries - especially for weddings and for family reunions, but also for studying abroad. This lady's brother lived in Syria for many years - he went there to study medicine, got married and lived there until the war started, and then requested to return, and came back to Israel via Jordan with his wife and their children.

    We finished our delicious breakfast, thanked the lady and crossed the street to where our car was parked, right in front of a bakery (the only other place that was already open by 9am). In front of it, two ladies sat on a bench and a couple of upside-down plastic grocery boxes, boiling water on a portable gas stove and sipping non other than mate from a dainty little jug. I was so astonished I could not hold my gasp of delight. In return, they offered me to sit down and join them, rinsing the bombilla with boiled water from the kettle and pouring fresh water over and over the mate to bring out the flavour time and again. I was so thrilled that even though we're only two hours drive from home, and are already experiencing new culture that is so different yet invites us to share a cup of tea together.
    I had a couple of jugs of mate with them and thanked the big spirit that's in this world that encouraged me to finally set up on my tea journey. 

              â€œLife on Mars” returns; “Big Shots” gets deflected.        
    Selling viewers on BBC America's programs is easier than it's ever been. More people are aware of the channel's existence, a statement you couldn't make even a few years ago, and many are watching with enthusiasm.
              Tại sao không nên tin vào chính mình?        
    Bertrand Russell có một câu nói nổi tiếng là “Vấn đề của thế giới chính là lũ điên thì lại chắc chắn về bản thân mình còn người thông minh thì lúc nào cũng trăn trở về điều đó.”

    Sau nhiều năm chiêm nghiệm, tôi đã nhận ra được tầm quan trọng của việc tìm kiếm sự an yên giữa những bất ổn và mơ hồ, giữa những thắc mắc về niềm tin và mộng ước, và hơn cả giữa những hoài nghi về chính bản thân mình. Trong các bài viết trước đây, tôi thường xuyên lặp đi lặp lại một thông điệp là bộ não của chúng ta thực chất không hề đáng tin chút nào. Chúng ta không hề có bất cứ một cơ sở nào về việc chúng ta đang nói, nghĩ, làm,…

    Nhưng tôi chưa có dịp để đưa ra những lý giải và dẫn chứng cụ thể cho vấn đề trên. Và bây giờ là lúc thích hợp để chúng ta cùng nhau khám phá ra 8 lý do theo góc nhìn tâm lý học tại sao chúng ta không nên tin chính bản thân mình.

    1. CHÚNG TA CÓ XU HƯỚNG THIÊN VỊ CHO BẢN THÂN VÀ TRỞ NÊN ÍCH KỶ DÙ KHÔNG HỀ NHẬN RA

    Có một thuật ngữ trong tâm lý học mang tên Góc nhìn sai lệch của người quan sát (the Actor-Observer Bias).

    Chẳng hạn nếu bạn thấy một người vượt đèn đỏ ở ngã tư đường, có thể bạn sẽ nghĩ người này thật đáng trách, chỉ vì không kiên nhẫn chờ nổi vài giây mà đã gây nên nguy hiểm cho bao nhiêu người đi đường.

    Ngược lại, nếu bạn chính là người đang vượt đèn đỏ, bạn sẽ tự nhủ với bản thân mình rằng đó chỉ là do vô ý mà thôi, bởi vì cái cây chết tiệt kia chắn mất tầm nhìn, bởi vì xưa giờ người vượt đèn đỏ có gây ra hề hấn gì đâu.

    Cùng một hành động, nhưng nếu người khác làm thì họ nghiễm nhiên trở thành một tên khốn, còn nếu bạn làm thì đó chỉ là do vô ý.

    Chúng ta đều có những lúc như thế, đặc biệt là khi phải đối diện với các vấn đề mâu thuẫn. Khi nói về một người đã từng làm tổn thương mình, chúng ta sẽ mô tả họ như một giống loài vô cảm, thiếu trách nhiệm, có ác ý làm hãm hại người khác. (1)

    Tuy nhiên, khi chúng ta nói về việc mình đã làm tổn thương ai đó, chúng ta sẽ viện đủ lý do chỉ để biện minh rằng hành động của chúng ta hoàn toàn hợp lý. Trong trường hợp này, tâm trí chúng ta ngụy biện rằng những tổn thương mà chúng ta gây ra cho người khác không đáng là bao, thế nên việc bị buộc tội bản thân thật là vô lý.

    Cả hai góc nhìn này đều hoàn toàn sai. Nhiều nghiên cứu tâm lý đã chỉ ra rằng cả thủ phạm và nạn nhân đều sẽ xuyên tạc sự thật bằng cách kể lại câu chuyện kèm theo quan điểm của mình.

    Steven Pinker gọi hiện tượng này là Lỗ hổng Luân lý (Moralization Gap).(2) Bất cứ khi nào xung đột xuất hiện, chúng ta thường sẽ đánh giá quá cao thiện chí của bản thân và ngược lại, đánh giá xấu chủ ý của người khác. Điều này khiến chúng ta luôn tin rằng những người kia đáng để bị trừng phạt trong khi chúng ta phải được khoan hồng.

    Tâm trí chúng ta lúc này hoạt động một cách vô thức vì kể cả khi đang biện minh cho chính mình, chúng ta đều luôn nghĩ nó hoàn toàn hợp lý. Nhưng thực ra sự thật không phải như vậy.

    2. BẠN KHÔNG HỀ BIẾT ĐIỀU GÌ LÀM MÌNH HẠNH PHÚC (HOẶC ĐAU KHỔ)

    Trong cuốn sách Stumbling on Happiness, Daniel Gibert, nhà tâm lý học tại đại học Harvad, đã chỉ ra việc chúng ta rất tệ trong việc nhớ điều gì tác động đến cảm xúc của bản thân trong quá khứ cũng như tương lai.

    Chẳng hạn, nếu đội thể thao ưa thích của bạn bị thua tại giải thi đấu lớn, bạn sẽ cảm thấy vô cùng buồn. Nhưng hóa ra trí nhớ về việc bạn cảm thấy buồn như thế nào lại không liên quan gì đến việc bạn cảm thấy buồn trong một khoảng thời gian nhất định. Nói cách khác, mỗi khi nhớ về những điều tệ hại lúc xưa, chúng ta thậm chí còn thêm thắt quá nhiều cảm xúc tiêu cực so với tình hình thực tế lúc đó. Tương tự, khi nhớ về những kí ức tốt đẹp lúc trước, chúng ta thường cho là chúng vui hơn so với thực tế lúc đó.

    Thế nên khi hoạch định về tương lai, chúng ta thường đánh giá quá cao niềm hạnh phúc mà những điều tốt đẹp sẽ mang lại cũng như tin rằng những điều không may mắn sẽ làm chúng ta cảm thấy tệ hại khôn cùng. Để rồi chúng ta thường không nhận ra được bản thân mình đang thực sự cảm thấy như thế nào trong thời khắc của hiện tại.

    Đây cũng là một lý do mà mọi người biện minh về việc không thể theo đuổi được hạnh phúc. Tất cả mọi thông tin chỉ ra rằng chúng ta thậm chí còn không biết hạnh phúc thực chất như thế nào thì làm sao có thể thực sống trong hạnh phúc.

    3. CHÚNG TA DỄ BỊ LỢI DỤNG ĐỂ ĐƯA RA NHỮNG QUYẾT ĐỊNH SAI LẦM

    Bạn đang đi trên đường thì bỗng có một người lạ lịch sự đến gần với mong muốn được tặng cho bạn vài cuốn sách báo “miễn phí”, ngay khi bạn cầm lấy chúng thì họ hỏi bạn tham gia cái này cái kia và quyên cho họ chút tiền vì họ đang gặp khó khăn. Đã bao giờ bạn lâm vào tình huống này chưa? Bạn biết là điều này thật kì cục và bạn muốn từ chối. Nhưng mà, cái này được tặng free đấy với cả bạn chả muốn bị coi là kẻ hờ hững với hoàn cảnh khó khăn chút nào.

    Yeah, đó chính là mấu chốt của vấn đề.

    Hóa ra là, quyết định của con người dễ bị chi phối bằng nhiều cách khác nhau, một trong số đó là việc tặng “quà” cho họ trước khi yêu cầu họ trả lại (điều này khiến khả năng giữ lại món quà cao hơn).

    Hoặc thử cách này, lần tới nếu bạn thấy một dòng người xếp hàng dài ngoằng và muốn chen lên trước, chỉ việc đưa ra một lý do cho mọi người – bất cứ lý do nào – chẳng hạn “Tôi đang vội” hoặc “Tôi đang ốm”. Theo thí nghiệm, chỉ cần nhờ lý do ngắn gọn này mà bạn có đến 80% cơ hội thành công để chen lên trước hơn là không đưa ra lời giải thích. Điều tuyệt vời nhất là: cái lý do bạn đưa ra không cần phải logic hay có ý nghĩa gì cả.(3)

    Các nhà kinh tế học thành vi đã chỉ ra rằng chúng ta dễ dàng có xu hướng tập trung vào một loại giá thành hơn các loại khác dù chả vì lý do gì. Hãy nhìn vào hình vẽ dưới đây:

    Ở phía bên trái, sự khác biệt về giá có vẻ lớn và không hợp lý. Thế nhưng, nếu thêm chai rượu mức giá $50 như hình bên phải thì đột nhiên, chai rượu với giá $30 bỗng trở thành một mức vừa phải và có lẽ là một món hời.

    Hãy thử xem một ví dụ khác nữa. Có người nói rằng bạn cần phải chi $2,000 cho chuyến đi Paris bao gồm bữa ăn sáng hoặc một chuyến đi Rome kèm bữa ăn sáng hoặc một chuyến đi Rome không kèm bữa ăn sáng. Hóa ra việc đưa thêm một lựa chọn “Rome không kèm ăn sáng” đã giúp cho nhiều người chọn Rome kèm ăn sáng hơn Paris. Tại sao vầy? Bởi vì nếu so sánh với chuyến đi Rome mà không có bữa ăn sáng, việc đi Rome kèm bữa ăn sáng có vẻ là một món hời. Thế là não bộ của chúng ta nhanh chóng quên đi mất chúng ta vẫn còn một sự lựa chọn nữa mang tên Paris.(4)

    4. BẠN THƯỜNG CHỈ DÙNG LOGIC VÀ LÝ LUẬN ĐỂ LÝ GIẢI CHO NHỮNG NIỀM TIN CÓ SẴN CỦA BẢN THÂN

    Các nhà nghiên cứu đã chỉ ra rằng kể cả những người đã bị tổn hại chức năng thị lực trên não bộ vẫn có thể “thấy” được ngay cả khi họ không nhận ra. Những người mù hay nói rằng họ không thể nhìn thấy được tay của mình ngay cả khi đưa nó ra trước mặt. Nhưng nếu có một ánh đèn lóe lên ngay trước mắt họ, dù ở phía bên phải hay trái, họ vẫn thường đoán chính xác được đèn lóe lên bên nào.

    Và dù vậy, họ vẫn cứ nói bạn rằng đó hoàn toàn là đoán đại mà thôi.

    Họ không hề có một gợi ý nào về việc đèn sáng bên nào nhưng vẫn có nhận định được ánh đèn nằm ở đâu.

    Điều này thể hiện một sự trớ trêu nực cười: kiến thức và cảm giác biết kiến thức đó hoàn toàn không liên quan đến nhau.(5)

    Và cũng giống như những người mù, chúng ta đều có kiến thức mà lại thiếu đi cảm giác biết kiến thức. Nhưng điều ngược lại, bạn có thể cảm tưởng là mình đã biết điều đó rồi mặc dù thực ra bạn không hề, cũng hoàn toàn là thật.

    Đây chính là nguồn cơn cho mọi thiên vị cũng như ngụy biện. Chúng ta không nhận thức được sự khác biệt giữa cái mình thực sự biết và cái mình tưởng là mình biết. Do đó, các lý do kèm động cơ và các ngụy biện đã được xác nhận cứ liên tục diễn ra trong đời sống hàng ngày.

    5. CẢM XÚC CHI PHỐI NHẬN THỨC CỦA BẠN NHIỀU HƠN BẠN NGHĨ

    Nếu giống như hầu hết mọi người, bạn thường có xu hướng đưa ra những quyết định tồi dựa trên cảm xúc. Đồng nghiệp chỉ buông vài câu bông đùa về đôi giày của bạn mà bạn đã nhảy dựng đứng lên, bởi vì đó là di vật bà người bà đã mất trao lại. Thế là bạn quyết định “phải bằm nát lũ người này ra”, bỏ việc và sống dựa vào tiền phúc lợi. Đây hoàn toàn là một quyết định không hợp lý.

    Nhưng việc tệ nhất chưa phải nằm ở đây đâu.

    Kể cả khi chúng ta đã nhận thức được việc cảm xúc chi phối các quyết định, chúng ta đã tránh việc đưa ra các quyết định trong lúc đang có nhiều cảm xúc trong lòng, thì đây vẫn không phải là một giải pháp lâu dài. Bởi vì, cảm xúc có thể ảnh hưởng đến chúng ta hàng tháng, hàng năm, kể cả khi chúng ta đã nguôi giận và bắt đầu “phân tích” tình huống trước đó. Những cảm xúc ngắn hạn tại một thời điểm nào đó, hóa ra, lại có tác động lâu dài đến các quyết định chúng ta đưa ra sau này.(6)

    Lấy ví dụ như thế này. Một người bạn bỗng muốn rủ bạn đi uống nước. Nhưng vì lý do nào đó, cơ chế phòng vệ của bạn bỗng được dựng lên. Bạn không muốn gật đầu cái rụp dù bạn cũng rất quý anh bạn ấy và muốn được trò chuyện với anh ta nhiều hơn. Bạn thận trọng trong việc đưa ra một phương án dù bạn không hiểu tại sao mình phải như vậy.

    Điều mà bạn đã lãng quên chính là bạn đã từng có một người bạn tính tình nóng lạnh thất thường trước đây. Anh chàng đó cứ thỉnh thoảng lại nổi đóa lên bất thường với bạn. Bạn bước tiếp trong cuộc sống và dần quên mất những chi tiết đó trong quá khứ. Mối quan hệ giữa bạn và người cũ thậm chí còn quay trở lại bình thường.

    Lúc đó bạn đã có đôi lần cảm thấy tổn thương và bực bội. Có thể về mặt nhận thức, bạn đã quên đi câu chuyện cũ, nhưng cảm xúc của bạn thì không. Nó vẫn đã từng nhớ mình đã cảm thấy buồn bã như thế nào. Để rồi khi giờ đây đối diện với một người hoàn toàn khác, trong một tình huống hoàn toàn khác, nó vô thức dựng lên hàng rào bảo vệ cho chính bạn.

    Chúng ta thường dựa vào kí ức về những cảm xúc mà chúng ta đã có trong một thời điểm nào đó trước đây để làm nền tảng đưa ra nhiều quyết định sau đó. Vấn đề là, bạn hoàn toàn không có ý thức về điều này. Cảm xúc mà bạn đã có 3 năm trước đây có thể ảnh hưởng đến bạn bất cứ lúc nào.

    Bàn về trí nhớ…

    6. TRÍ NHỚ KHÔNG HỀ ĐÁNG TIN

    Elizabeth Loftus là một trong những nhà nghiên cứu tiên phong trong lĩnh vực trí nhớ và cô ấy là người đầu tiên nói với chúng ta rằng trí nhớ của mình hoàn toàn không hề đáng tin.

    Về cơ bản, cô nhận ra rằng trí nhớ của chúng ta về các sự kiện trong quá khứ thường bị thay đổi bởi các sự kiện khác lúc xưa và/hoặc các thông tin thiếu chính xác mới. Cô đã khiến cho nhiều người nhận ra rằng lời khai từ nhân chứng không hẳn là một chứng cứ đáng tin.(8)

    Loftus và các nhà nghiên cứu khác đã chỉ ra rằng:

    Trí nhớ của chúng ta không chỉ bị mất dần mà còn dễ đưa ra các thông tin sai lệch theo thời gian.
    Cảnh báo mọi người rằng kí ức của họ chứa các thông tin sai lệch cũng không giúp làm giảm đi các thông tin sai lệch.
    Bạn càng có tính cảm thông nhiều bao nhiêu thì bạn càng dễ đồng nhất các thông tin sai lệch vào trong trí nhớ của mình bấy nhiêu.
    Trí nhớ của chúng ta không chỉ bị thay đổi bởi các thông tin sai lệch mà có thể toàn bộ kí ức của chúng ta đã bị tạo ra. Điều này thường diễn ra khi người tạo ra kí ức của chúng ta lại chính là những người mà chúng ta tin tưởng.
    Vì thế, kí ức của chúng ta hoàn toàn không hề đáng tin như mình đã nghĩ – thậm chí với những việc chúng ta nghĩ là đúng thì chỉ có phần chúng ta nghĩ là sự thật mà thôi.

    Trên thực tế, các nhà thần kinh học đã dự đoán lúc nào con người sẽ nhớ sai thông tin dựa trên các hoạt động trí não của bạn. Tại sao vậy?

    Họ lý giải điều này dựa trên việc so sánh trí nhớ với bộ nhớ của máy tính. Ban đầu, bộ nhớ sẽ ghi lại hết tất cả mọi thứ được đưa vào. Sau đó, chúng chậm dần, làm mất hoặc hư các file dữ liệu ngay sau khi bạn đã tạm dừng sử dụng. (10)

    Nhưng bộ não của chúng ta không chỉ chứa spreadsheet, và file chữ hay GIFs. Trí nhớ giúp chúng ta học được từ các sự kiện trong quá khứ để từ đó đưa ra những quyết định đúng đắn hơn cho tương lai. Nhưng trí nhớ thực chất còn có 1 chức năng quan trọng và phức tạp khác mà chúng ta ít khi nghĩ đến.

    Là người, chúng ta cần sự nhận dạng, chúng ta cần có cảm giác về việc “chúng ta là ai”, để từ đó điều hướng được các tình huống xã hội phức tạp cũng như để hoàn thành xong công việc. Trí nhớ giúp chúng ta biết được sự nhận dạng nhờ các câu chuyện trước đó.

    Bằng cách này, việc kí ức có chính xác hay không không quan trọng. Điều mấu chốt chính là các câu chuyện của quá khứ đã tạo nên nhận thức về chính bản thân. Và thay vì phải sử dụng trí nhớ với độ chính xác tuyệt đối để thực hiện điều này, chúng ta thực chất chỉ cần các kí ức mờ nhạt, sau đó thêm thắt vào các chi tiết khác nhau để phù hợp với “cái tôi” mà chúng ta tạo ra và chấp nhận.

    Có thể bạn nhớ rằng anh hay bạn bè đã từng bắt nạt mình rất nhiều và mình đã cảm thấy tổn thương như thế nào. Với bạn, đó là lý giải cho việc bản thân dễ nhạy cảm, hay lo lắng và khá e dè. Nhưng có lẽ kí ức đó không hề làm bạn tổn thương nhiều như mình đã nghĩ. Có lẽ khi nhớ về việc anh trai đã bắt nạt bạn lúc xưa, bạn đã dùng những cảm xúc ngay lúc này – nhạy cảm, lo lắng và e dè – và neo nó vào kí ức cũ, dù đống cảm xúc đó có khi lại chả hề liên quan gì đến việc anh trai đã bắt nạt bạn.

    Kể từ giờ phút này, kí ức về việc ông anh trai đã nhẫn tâm và làm bạn tổn thương, dù đúng hay không, cũng đã gắn vào đặc điểm nhận dạng của bạn – một người dễ nhạy cảm, hay lo lắng. Đồng thời, đặc điểm này đã khiến bạn đưa ra những hành động đáng xấu hổ và tạo thêm nhiều đau khổ trong cuộc đời mình.

    Có phải bạn đang hỏi tôi là: “Mark, vậy thì việc “tôi nghĩ tôi là ai” chỉ là một đống những ý tưởng bịa đặt do não bộ tạo ra thôi ư?”

    Vâng, đúng thế đấy.

    7. ‘BẠN KHÔNG PHẢI LÀ ĐIỀU MÌNH NGHĨ

    Hãy xem xét khía cạnh này: cách bạn thể hiện bản thân trên Facebook có lẽ không thực sự giống như cách bạn thể hiện bản thân khi rời “thế giới ảo”. Cách bạn hành xử lúc ở gần ông bà có lẽ sẽ khác khá nhiều so với lúc đi chơi với bạn bè. Bạn có “cái tôi tại công việc”, “cái tôi tại nhà””, “cái tôi trong gia đình”, “cái tôi khi ở một mình” và còn rất nhiều “cái tôi” khác nữa mà bạn dùng để điều hướng và sống sót trong thế giới xã hội phức tạp này.

    Nhưng đâu mới là cái tôi “đích thực”?

    Chúng ta có thể nghĩ rằng có lẽ một trong những bản sao ở trên thể hiện chính mình thực nhất. Nhưng một lần nữa, tất cả những việc bạn làm chỉ là lặp đi lặp lại câu chuyện vốn đã chiếm hữu trong đầu mình, những câu chuyện được tạo ra bởi các thông tin sai lệch.

    Trong hơn một vài thập kỉ, các nhà tâm lý học xã hội đã khám phá ra một sự thật mà chúng ta khó lòng nào chấp nhận: cái tôi đích thực (core self) – cái tôi không thay đổi, cái tôi bất biến – chỉ là ảo tưởng mà thôi. (11) Một nghiên cứu mới đang bắt đầu chỉ ra việc cách thức bộ não tạo nên cảm giác về cái tôi cũng như việc sử dụng các thuốc gây ảo giác có thể tạm thời làm thay đổi sự vận hành của não bộ, khiến não tạo ra những ảo giác tạm thời về các định dạng bản thân.(12)

    Điều trớ trêu là tất cả những thí nghiệm này – tuy được xuất bản trong những cuốn sách đắt tiền, được viết bởi những chuyên gia có tiếng – hóa ra chỉ đang lặp lại các triết lý truyền thống phương Đông mà các thiền sư giảng giải trong suốt hàng thế kỉ nay. Trong khi việc duy nhất mà các thiền sư làm chỉ là ngồi yên trong các hang động và không nghĩ gì cả trong vài năm.(13)

    Ở phương Tây, con người thường xuyên đề cao cái tôi cá nhân trong nhiều nền văn hóa – chưa kể tới trong ngành công nghiệp quảng cáo – khiến chúng ta không ngừng tìm cách “định dạng” bản thân mà hiếm khi chịu dừng lại đủ lâu để tự vấn rằng liệu điều này có cần thiết để lao đầu vào hay không. Có lẽ ý tưởng về việc “nhận dạng bản thân” vừa hại vừa giúp chúng ta. Có lẽ nó đang trói buộc chúng ta nhiều hơn là giải phóng chính mình. Tất nhiên, thật tuyệt khi bạn biết mình muốn hoặc thích gì, nhưng bạn vẫn có thể theo đuổi ước mơ và mục tiêu của bản thân mà không cần phải dựa vào ý niệm chắc chắn về sự định dạng.

    8. TRẢI NGHIỆM THỂ CHẤT CỦA BẠN TRONG THẾ GIỚI NÀY KHÔNG HOÀN TOÀN LÀ THẬT

    Chúng ta đang sở hữu một hệ thống thần kinh phức tạp. Nhờ có nó mà thông tin không ngừng được truyền đến não bộ. Theo một số tính toán, hệ thống giác quan – thị giác, xúc giác, khứu giác, thính giác, vị giác và sự cân bằng – gửi 11 triệu bit thông tin đến não chỉ trong vài giây. (14)

    Nhưng kể cả như thế, chúng ta vẫn không thể nhận thức được những sự vật sự việc li ti, khó nhìn thấy. Ánh sáng mà chúng ta thấy được chỉ là một phần nhỏ trong dải quang phổ điện từ. Chúng ta không thể thấy được điều này trong khi các loài chim hay côn trùng lại có thể. Chó có thể nghe và ngửi được những thứ mà chúng ta thậm chí không ý thức được sự tồn tại. Hệ thần kinh của chúng ta hoạt động vừa như bộ máy thu thập thông tin vừa như bộ máy lọc thông tin.

    Hơn hết, tâm thức của con người chỉ có thể kiểm soát được 60 bit thông tin trong một giây khi chúng ta đang tham gia vào các hoạt động gắn với trí thông minh (đọc sách, chơi nhạc cụ, …) (15)

    Có nghĩa là, bạn chỉ có thể ý thức được khoảng 0.000005454% phần thông tin mà não bộ nhận được trong khi đang còn tỉnh.

    Để dễ hiểu hơn, hãy tưởng tượng là với mỗi chữ mà bạn nhìn thấy và đọc trong bài viết này, có 536,303,630 chữ khác mà bạn không thể nhìn thấy.

    Về cơ bản, đó là cách chúng ta sống trong thế giới này mỗi ngày.

    Tác giả: Mark Manson
    Dịch: Hạnh Nguyên
    Nguồn: https://markmanson.net/trust

    Ghi chú:

    1. See Roy Baumeister and Aaron Beck’s Evil: Inside Human Violence and Cruelty.↵
    2. See: The Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker, Chapter 8, to be exact.↵
    3. These experiments and more explained in Robert Cialdini’s timeless book Influence.↵

    4. This is a shitty summary of an experiment conducted by Dan Ariely of Duke University, discussed in his excellent book Predictably Irrational.↵

    5. In fact, your brain has completely independent processes for each of these and both function independently of logic and reason. See Dr. Robert Burton’s book On Being Certain: Believing You Are Right Even When You’re Not.↵

    6. Andrade, E. B., & Ariely, D. (2009). The enduring impact of transient emotions on decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 109(1), 1–8.↵

              LA GRAN "UTILIDAD" DE LA OEA...        
    Asamblea General 35 de la OEA.
    Decía en estos días el dictador venezolano Nicolás Maduro que a la OEA no la quiere nadie. ¿Cómo va a ser verdad una frase de tan despreciable personaje? ¡Tiene que estar "equivocado"! ¡La "verdad" únicamente la dice gente inteligente y agradable! Para refutar la frase de Maduro (aunque estaría "refutada" por quien la dice) vamos a mostrar la inmensa utilidad de la OEA.

    En los inicios de la juventud hay un idealismo que raya con la ingenuidad. Todos los recién egresados de colegio vibran por cambiar el mundo. Saben más de la profesión que piensan estudiar los que ya la estudiaron. Una época hermosa con unas ansias de cambiar el mundo más fuertes que las de Putin y las de Obama... Y es aquí donde viene la OEA. Con el ánimo de implantar "valores democráticos" se crean simulaciones de la OEA. Los jóvenes por un instante juegan a cambiar el mundo. Los hombres de corbata y las niñas de sastre. Una elegancia que eleva su "espíritu" a la categoría de aquellos representantes del continente... Sin la OEA ¿A qué jugarían nuestros jóvenes?


    Maduro diría que podrían jugan a un modelo de la "Asamblea Nacional". Más de uno elegiría ser Diosdado Cabello sin lugar a dudas. Pero la Asamblea Nacional Bolivariana es muy aburrida. La mayoría tendrían que gritar que están "rodilla en tierra" con el comandante eterno. La minoría básicamente tendría que gritar que "no existen garantías para la oposición". Lo único es que podría armarse un "bochinche" y liberar aquellas bajas pasiones... Tal vez esa sea una simulación un poco más auténtica del costoso circo de la política. Pero ¿Acaso eso eleva su noble y digno espíritu de nuestra juventud? 


    La diplomacia es el arte, que requiere enorme valentía, de sonreirle a quien en condiciones normales querrías pegarle un puño. No es hipocresía, para nada, por el contrario se requiere una gran valentía para sonreírle a alguien que detestas. Esto es incomprensible por algunas personas sobre todo en Antioquia y la Costa Colombiana.  Sin embargo, en su mayoría la gente en Colombia es "diplomática". En todo caso, más vale una sonrisa falsa que una guerra auténtica...


    Uno de los grandes beneficios conseguidos por la diplomacia es el de la "inmunidad diplomática". Más allá de entrar a analizar tan "valiosa" institución en sus debidas "excepciones" es claro que esto representa un beneficio. La inmunidad diplomática no solamente se presenta para "misiones diplomáticas" ante países, sino para aquellas ante instituciones como la OEA o la ONU.


    En un mundo donde priman principios como "la libertad de circulación" o la no-discriminación por razones de nacionalidad (leáse pasaporte) ¿Cómo se sacarían beneficios adicionales para personas "iguales ante la ley"? ¡Con la inmunidad diplomática! Se trata de una discriminación positiva en razón del pasaporte, de uno especial claro está. Siendo todos iguales ante la ley ¿cómo podríamos encontrar una forma para que a alguien le dijeran "Su Excelencia"? Eso sin contar que eso facilita el tránsito en aeropuertos demorado por medidas proteccionistas (que surgen "precisamente" como formas para facilitar la libertad de circulación y la no-discriminación) como las visas o las aduanas. Sin tantas instituciones internacionales ¿Cómo haría el político para incluir en la lista de su gigantesco número de "amigos" de los beneficios del poder? Ese carrusel de roscas, beneficios y adulación requiere privilegios especiales...


    Hay un tercer beneficio que presenta la OEA. Se trata de una Organización que no escatima en realizar toda serie de eventos, cocteles, tratos especiales, etc. Se trata de la socialización del más alto nivel. En estos eventos como "foro para la erradicación del hambre" se invita a "líderes comprometidos" a "discutirlo" en hoteles del más alto nivel. Se trata de eventos que sus asistentes no solamente no pasen hambre, sino que coman esquisitos manjares. Manjares que los motiven a una "reflexión profunda" para sacar una resolución, declaración, etc., donde se diga que se quiere acabar con el hambre. Â¿Cómo conseguiríamos aquellas "valiosísimas" declaraciones que se dan en eventos del más alto nivel?


    Eso sin contar con que, los organismos internacionales son buenos empleadores. ¿Qué pasaría con empleos como los del Secretario General, despachos, asistentes, adjuntos? No se puede negar que, en un mundo lleno de problemas económicos, se requiere resolver los problemas de empleo. Es "vital" para nuestra economía que haya personas encargadas de manejar varios tipos de sellos y la logística que ello implica. Más aún, por su directa relación con emitir otras de declaraciones acerca de la importancia de acabar con el hambre. Situación que llevará a otras declaraciones sobre tan importante problema... Eso sin contar que las facultades de relaciones internacionales perderían inmensas "ventajas" para el mercadeo de sus programas. ¿Dónde van a trabajar sus egresados? En esta economía global hay que "garantizarles" un empleo...


    Es así como Nicolás Maduro está equivocado. No solamente por ser él quien lo dice, sino por la importancia de la institución que se trata. Sin ella ¿Qué remedarían los jóvenes para cambiar el mundo? ¡Se perderían empleos, se desperdiciarían inmunidades diplomáticas (que podría darle a sus "amigos")! Sin la OEA y las instituciones internacionales ¿cómo podríamos tener un circo donde los payasos cumplan al pie de la letra el protocolo y la etiqueta? Sin ellos no tendríamos quien lograra darnos pan... bueno declaraciones que harán que este aparezca mágicamente...

              Â¿POR QUÉ SURGE EL DINERO?        

    ¿Por qué surge el dinero? ¿Para qué sirve? ¿Cuál es entonces su verdadera naturaleza? En  SOBRE EL DINERO iniciamos una serie de inquietudes acerca de la naturaleza del dinero. El dinero es algo bueno, muy bueno porque puede cambiarse por cualquier cosa útil, sin embargo, en la actualidad, desconocer su naturaleza genera muchos problemas, en especial la crisis económica que se cierne como una sombra sobre el mundo.

    EL ORIGEN DEL MERCADO Y EL INTERCAMBIO

    Es complicado cambiar hamburguesas por casas
    o cosas que
     no le interesen a esta mujer.
    El ser humano primero era nómada y hacía de todo menos vivir bueno. Cada persona, o cada familia más bien, debía protegerse, buscar alimento, refugio, sanarse, pasar la enfermedad, entre otras, solo. Esa situación en términos biológicos era una desventaja notoria. Una desventaja que impedía la supervivencia. ¿Entonces Rousseau se equivoca en lo del buen salvaje? ¡Efectivamente! El buen salvaje solo es incapaz de satisfacer por sí mismo todas sus necesidades lo que reduce notablemente su vida.

    Un día, unas personas inteligentes, se dieron cuenta. Él es bueno para cazar, yo para arar la tierra (bueno realmente no existía el arado), aquel para hacer protectores para el frío. De esa manera si uno hacía una cosa más veloz que otro, y el otro a su vez más veloz que aquel, pues, en vez de que cada uno intente hacer todas sus labores al tiempo ¿no es mejor que el que las hace más rápido lo haga por mí y yo haga por él lo que él no es capaz de hacer más rápido que yo? Así si uno recogía 10 frutas por día y hacía 2 empaques para conservarla al día y el otro producía 10 empaques para conservar el alimento y recogía 2 frutas. ¿Por qué no se dedica uno a hacer empaques para conservación y el otro a recoger frutas? ¡Eso fue lo que hicieron! Ese fue el origen de la economía y de la ciudad y ya lo comprendía Sócrates desde tiempos inmemoriales:

    SÓCRATES: Pues bien la ciudad nace, en mi opinión, por darse la circunstancia de que ninguno de nosotros se basta a sí mismo, sino que necesita de muchas cosas. ¿O crees otra la razón por la cual se fundan las ciudades?

    ADIMANTO: Ninguna otra

    SÓCRATES: Así, pues, cada uno va tomando consigo a tal hombre para satisfacer esta necesidad y a tal otro para aquella; de este modo, al necesitar todos de muchas cosas, vamos reuniendo en una sola vivienda a multitud de personas en calidad de asociados y auxiliares y a esta cohabitación le damos el nombre de ciudad. ¿No es así? (Platón, pág. 55: 369 B).
    Sin embargo, surge un problema. Tenemos en la comunidad una persona que hace chorizos y otra que construye casas. Si el que hace chorizos ofrece un chorizo por la casa, quizás el constructor le conteste "para construir una casa necesito más alimento que un simple chorizo", entonces el que hace chorizos le contestará "me importa un chorizo...", bueno, no le contestará eso. El que hace chorizos seguramente le contestaría que podría darle 100, 1000, los que sean, pero mientras tanto el que construye requerirá comida (además de chorizo), vestidos para protegerse del frío, etc., y con chorizos no podrá intercambiar todas sus necesidades. De la misma manera si recibiera muchos chorizos, es probable que el zapatero sea vegetariano que su medio de pago sean casas o chorizos le importe "un chorizo".

    De esa manera, la ciudad, comunidad, foro, plaza, constituye, de forma "consuetudinaria" un medio de cambio. Es así como originarse de una práctica consuetudinaria y ser medio de cambio son las dos características referentes al dinero.

    CARACTERÍSTICAS DEL DINERO
    ¿Qué implica que sea medio de cambio? Esto quiere decir que es el estándar o lo que mide un determinado intercambio. Es decir, el dinero es algo que puede cambiarse por todas las cosas, por todos los bienes o servicios. Es así como uno vende, pero para tener la libertad de intercambiar lo que quiera, no se vende por dinero porque nos pasaría lo de la isla desierta: ¡no serviría para nada! Con acierto sostuvo Domingo de Soto que se vende para recibir dinero y comprar de lo que falta sin compromiso de tener que recibir del comprador aquello que no necesite: “vendido lo que le sobra de una cosa, compra lo que de otra le falta (…) la compra es el fin de la venta”  (DE SOTO, 1968, pág. 593). El profesor José Alpiniano García Muñoz, en una tesis doctoral recientemente defendida en la Universidad de Navarra, nos aclara esta frase en relación al tema del valor del dinero "En consecuencia, quien vende no tiene como fin el dinero, sino la compra o adquisición de otra cosa que le falta." (GARCÍA MUÑOZ, 2011, pág. 28). La razón de ser del dinero no es otra pues que facilitar los intercambios de cosas realmente necesarias para cada persona. En otro libro del mismo autor se explica con más claridad este punto: "Como se dijo antes, el papel moneda sólo tiene razón de ser en la medida en que, por decirlo gráficamente, represente una cantidad o servicios, esto es, su razón de ser es su valor de cambio objetivo; el dinero vale toda la cantidad de bienes o servicios que puede obtenerse a cambio de él." (GARCÍA-MUÑOZ, 2001, pág. 148).

    Bolívar. Moneda Venezolana.
    El gobierno ha intentado avaluarla mediante sellos,
    pero es la mejor muestra que el valor del dinero
    nace de la costumbre.
    Adicionalmente el dinero se caracteriza por ser consuetudinario ¿Por qué consuetudinario? Porque es una costumbre, las personas se acostumbran a que esa cosa sea la medida que utilizan para intercambiar las cosas. Sin embargo, no faltan en la vida ciertos personajes que se dan el lujo de hacer dinero. Antes el oro y la plata eran los medios de cambio, en la actualidad, los estados se inventan el cuento que el dinero vale porque es hecho por ellos. Es así como surge el cuento del curso forzoso. Es así como si uno se encuentra del lado Colombiano de la frontera con Venezuela entre Villa del Rosario (Norte de Santander) y San Antonio del Táchira  y va a comprarle a un Venezolano tendría que hacerlo en pesos. Sin embargo, es precisamente en zona de frontera donde se observa lo ridícula que es su existencia. El Venezolano podría recibirle en pesos si quisiera, o únicamente recibirle en el tan "revaluado" Bolívar (moneda de Venezuela). Es que Chávez tiene el poder de producir un Bolívar "fuerte". En San Antonio del Táchira es usual que se reciban pesos como intercambio y en Cúcuta que se reciba el tan "revaluado" Bolívar. Adicionalmente, nada obstaría para que recibieran pesos, dólares, dólares canadienses, euros, yens, o tres vacas, un kilo de oro o una libra de sal. En todo caso, se acostumbra a recibir en una moneda determinada, en un "país" (en su sentido geográfico) determinado.

    Un ejemplo de que el dinero se utiliza de forma consuetudinaria es el uso del dólar estadounidense en Ecuador. ¿Por qué si es un billete que únicamente tiene cambio  curso forzoso en los EEUU? Pues porque es una costumbre. Citado por el profesor José Alpiniano, Domingo de Soto, hace ya varios siglos nos decía:  “aunque la moneda no estuviera sellada, tendría el mismo valor en el precio de las cosas”. (DE SOTO, 1968, pág. 585). Es así que si un día en Colombia o en el mundo decidiéramos cambiar nuestro "medio de cambio" por cualquier otro medio de referencia, nadie podría impedirlo...

    Es imposible en Colombia que nos inventemos un medio de cambio diferente al peso, dada nuestra mentalidad legalista y con nuestro arraigado culto al estado. Como diría Fernando González estamos sometidos al "espíritu" de Santander que consideraba que la ley era la causa de la libertad. Sin embargo, en la edad media, al resurgir del comercio, el medio de cambio era bastante escaso y el tránsito inseguro por lo que acudieron a diversas vías como el renacimiento del crédito o el contrato de cambio trayecticio (GARCÍA MUÑOZ, TÍTULOS-VALORES. RÉGIMEN GLOBAL, 2008, pág. 23 y siguientes).

    CONCLUSIONES
    El dinero -o medio de cambio- nace como una necesidad para facilitar los intercambios estandarizando los precios de las cosas. No proviene del estado su valor o legitimidad, sino que proviene de los individuos que utilizan cierta cosa o documento para hacer sus intercambios. Eso se denota incluso cómo los individuos en momentos de escasez de un determinado medio de cambio inventan o crean figuras para facilitar el intercambio a pesar de ello.

    OTROS ARTÍCULOS


    1. EL ALISPRUZ : SOBRE EL DINERO
    2. EL ALISPRUZ : ¿LA POBREZA PROVIENE DE LA FALTA DE DINERO?



    BIBLIOGRAFÍA

    DE SOTO, D. (1968). De Iustitia et iure (Vol. III). Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Políticos.

    GARCÍA MUÑOZ, J. A. (2011). Derecho y Economía según Tomás de Aquino, Tesis Doctoral. Pamplona, España: Universidad de Navarra. Facultad de Filosofía .

    GARCÍA MUÑOZ, J. A. (2008). TÍTULOS-VALORES. RÉGIMEN GLOBAL. Bogotá D.C, Colombia: Temis S.A.

    GARCÍA-MUÑOZ, J. A. (2001). Derecho Económico de los Contratos.Bogotá: Ediciones Librería del Profesional.

    Platón. La República (Versión en PDF ed.). www.planetalibro.com.ar.





              Empaque flexible y sus materiales mas comunes        
    Breve descripcion del Empaque Flexible:

    Se llama empaque flexible los materiales que se pueden transformar en laminas, que ya sea solos o en conjunto (estructuras) y que se presentan en primera instancia como rollos o bobinas para ser transformados en bolsas o pliegos con la finalidad de contener un producto para mantener o resguardar su integridad.
    Regularmente es usado como envase primario pero tambien se puede presentar como empaque secundario (bolsa docenera) y hasta embalaje (sacos).

    Materiales que se utilizan en el empaque flexible:

    Dentro de los materiales que al momento se utilizan y que se prevee a un futuro proximo y lejano se seguiran usando prevalecen los polimeros (polietilenos de varias densidades, poliesteres, polipropilenos, PVC etc.), el aluminio (como lamina o metalizacion), los papeles, el celofan, las parafinas, los adhesivos (con y sin solvente) las tintas y los solventes.

    Polietilenos: Estos constituyen la mayoria (en porcentaje por peso) de los materiales flexibles usados en el mundo, son exclelentes para laminar materiales, dar cuerpo a las estructuras y para sellado, lamentablemente no ofrecen ninguna barrera significativa al vapor de agua y al oxigeno a menos que sean modificados con otros componentes o polimeros de otros tipos durante su proceso de extrusion. Para empaque flexible se pueden extruir por cortina y por soplado (blow extrussion) que puede a su vez ser por proceso de una sola capa o de varias capas en cuyo caso se llama coextrusion.

    Polipropilenos: Conforme han avanzado tecnologicamente se han converrtido en la tendencia a seguir, se han desarrollado altas barreras, bajos grosores, mejoras en la resistencia y mejores apariencias ademas del precio, se podria decir que son los materiales que dominan la industria del empaque en cuanto a desarrollos. Su limitante radica en que son muy susceptibles a deformarse en el proceso de transformacion, empaque y sellado por su sensibilidad a la temperatura, requieren de maquinaria de empaque de alta presicion.

    Poliesteres: Tambien llamados Nylons (por ser la marca del poliesterde Dupont) se destacan por su resistencia a las altas temperaturas a la hora de sellar y la hora de congelar, poseen buenas barreras cuando son metalizados y exelente maquinabilidad ademas de buena resistencia al rasgado y ponchadura.

    Aluminio: La mejor de las barreras, aun que esta depende en gran parte de el manejo que se la va a dar al producto (muy facilmente se fractura en los dobleces) y a la calidad del productor pues presentan una cantidad definida de agujeros (pin holes) por metro cuadrado y cuando esta supera los estandards de la industria la barrera se compromete. Por ser un metal su precio es muy alto en comparacion con los demas materiales flexibles.

    Adhesivos: Son de dos tipos, los con solventes que se usan para industria que no requiere contacto con alimentos y altos niveles de adhhesion (bond) y los sin solventes que son de relativa reciente utilizacion y que son usados para unir sustratos (capas de materiales) de estrucuturas para la industria de alimentos.

    Papeles: Sirven para dar aspecto, ayudar a eliminar memoria (que el material se resista a permanecer doblado), dar cuerpo y como capas absorventes. Cuando son brillantes para impresion llevan por fuera un recubrimiento de caolin, loshay de distintos tipos como kraft, tissue etc.

    Celofanes: Se fabrican a partir de cululosa (similar al papel) y antes del surgimiento de los poliesteres y polipropilenos eran la opcion que habia para poder empacar alimentos, actualmente estan en desaparicion dado que por sus carcteristicas y precio no puede competir con con materiales mas modernos su demanda es menor y ya hay solo pocos productores.

    Parafinas: Estas se usan como capas sellantes en caliente y antes de la tecnologia de los adhesivos se usaba para laminar sustratos para la industria de alimentos pero daban un bond muy debil. Su barrera es baja y son muy sensibles a la temperatura.

    Tintas: Son pigmentos de color que disueltos en un solvente se adhieren a la superficie del empaque (ya sea por fuera o por dentro) para dar los efectos deseados en la impresion. En conjunto con los costos de desarrollos de artes graficas son la parte mas cara gramo por gramo de costo total del empaque. Hay tintas genericas o basicas (cyan, magenta, amarillo y negro) de las que se forman todas las demas y tintas directas como las que son emblematicas de una marca como el rojo Marlboro. Hay tambien tintas para rotograbado y flexografia que son las dos formas de impresion industriales en nuestra region centro americana, hay empresas que estan ya ofreciendo impresion inkjet para empaque flexible.



              2014-02-18 19:00:00 / City Talk bei "Grünebaum" "Einfallsreich"        
    Wir möchten Sie sehr herzlich zusammen mit der Grünebaum Gesellschaft für Event Logistik mbH zum nächsten City Talk in die neue Location „Einfallsreich“ einladen: 19:30 Uhr – Begrüßung der Gäste Anschließend Impulsvortrag „Shake Hands?“ von Eva Goellner Freuen Sie sich auf einen Veranstaltungsort, ...

              2013-12-06 11:00:00 - 2013-12-06 18:00:00 / Glühweinverkauf der AG City 2013        
    Einmal im Jahr verkaufen die Mitglieder der AG City mit Unterstützung des Schaustellerverbandes Berlin e. V. alkoholfreie weihnachtliche Getränke und Glühwein für einen guten Zweck. Weihnachtsmarkt auf dem BreitscheidplatzKinderkarussell am Wasserklops - Verkaufszelt neben dem "Wärmebus" des DRK Die Einnahmen ...

              2010-12-08 / Glühweinverkauf der AG City 2010        
    Die AG City unterstützte Frank Zander bei seiner traditionellen Weihnachtsfeier für Obdachlose im Estrel Convention Center am 21. Dezember 2010. Alle Einnahmen wurden von der Weberbank Aktiengesellschaft verdoppelt und kamen der Weihnachtsfeier für Obdachlose zugute. Durch den Glühweinverkauf wurden insgesamt 3.000 ...

              Mirai Malware Hacker Who Steal and Sell Data on Darknet Pleads Guilty In A German Court        

      A 29-year-old Daniel K., a British hacker has pleaded guilty to launching dangerous attacks with the aim of selling the hacked data on the Darknet marketplace. He admitted to infecting routers and causing damages with a Mirai malware at a court in Cologne on last Friday. The router and the damage valued $1.25 and ...

    The post Mirai Malware Hacker Who Steal and Sell Data on Darknet Pleads Guilty In A German Court appeared first on Deep Dot Web.


              Law Enforcement Arrested The First Hansa Users In The Netherlands        

    The Dutch Public Prosecutor’s Office announced the first arrests conducted by law enforcement in the country regarding the takedown of the Hansa Market. According to the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the Netherlands, law enforcement authorities arrested one of the top sellers in the country. The 28-year-old man of Krimpen aan den Ijssel, the Netherlands allegedly ...

    The post Law Enforcement Arrested The First Hansa Users In The Netherlands appeared first on Deep Dot Web.


              #051: Wie man gute Entscheidungen trifft - Interview mit Lukas Niederberger        
    Wie man gute Entscheidungen trifft

    © Depositphotos.com / olly18

    Zeitmanagement ist Entscheiden. Ohne Entscheidungen ist ein gutes Zeitmanagement praktisch ausgeschlossen.

    Ein Mann, der genau weiß, wie man sich entscheiden kann, ist Lukas Niederberger, Theologe und Publizist.

    Neben „Entscheiden“ gehört zu seinen Schwerpunkte auch das Thema „Rituale“. Auch Rituale/Routinen können Ihnen helfen, mit Ihrer Zeit besser und zweifellos bewusster umzugehen.

    Hören Sie hier mein Interview mit Lukas Niederberger zu diesen beiden Themen.

    Interview mit Lukas Niederberger

    • Möchten Sie mehr über Lukas Niederberger erfahren, dann wechseln Sie zu seiner Webseite:www.lukasniederberger.ch
    • Informationen über die Schweizerische Gemeinnützige Gesellschaft (SGG), die Lukas Niederberger leitet, finden Sie hier: www.sgg-ssup.ch

    Die beiden Bücher von Lukas Niederberger zu den Themen, über die wir diskutierten, finden Sie hier:

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              By: Joe        
    How do we know other businesses don't repackage their mattress and resell as well?I've bought two mattresses from this Sleepy's location in last 10 years without any problems.I did notice 3 security guards/police? guarding Sleepy's last week. Had no idea what that was about.
              By: HenryLoL        
    They accept returned mattresses and just re-plastic and sell again...
              Interview with Kas        
    I was talking to my coworker, Kas a few days ago and she told me she made $18,000 in the past two months. I asked her what she was doing. She said that she had this side business in addition to her day job. I learned that she was selling Christmas ornaments in the mall. It was her friend's business, but because she had been working with her friend for a while, her friend trusted her with the merchandise and gave her 20% profit-sharing. If her share was $18K net, imagine what her friend's was. According to my calculations, her friend made $72,000 in two months.
    The business was selling Christmas ornaments at a small area in a mall. They rented one of those cart spaces. The rent was $25,000 a month, it was a special deal because Kas' friend knows the owner. They hire a few helpers on an hourly base. They sold Christmas ornaments with personalized name labels on them. It was a perfect time because everyone was shopping for Christmas ornaments, and the lines were very long.
    I believe they made a gross profit of 100K+ in two months. The ornaments are from a distribution in Hawaii. I was told that you would need connections to get to the supplier. Kas' friend has connections to the supplier and the mall. She rents the mall spot for only two months and has the spot reserved for her every year. Kas' friend has been doing it for years, and she will continue to do it indefinitely. It's a no-brainer. Kas' friend owns many business, including gas stations.
    I was really impressed that Kas made $18,000 in two months. She did say it was hard work, it was very busy during the holiday season. But I think it paid off well. She seems to be very good at making money. She told me it's easy for her to make money. If you're willing to do some work, you can make money easily. I'm going to talk to her again and see what ideas she has in mind.

              Word of the Day: Options        
    Options A contract giving an investor a right to buy (call) or sell (put) a fixed amount of shares (usually 100 shares) of a given stock (or indexes and commodities) at a specified price within a limited time period (usually three, six, or nine months). The purchaser hopes that the stock's price will go up (if he bought a call) or down (if he bought a put) by an amount sufficient to provide a profit when he sells the option. Source: www.environmentalinvestors.com
              SAI Is a BUY        
    SAI has been dropping for a few days and closed at 17.96 today. At under $18, it's a screaming buy, and at under $19, it's a good buy. Upside SAIC Report 8% Increase in Profits SAIC Stock buyback up to 40 million shares Still new to the market, large potential increase in institutional holdings. Low P/E. A good defense/homeland security play. Winning lots of new contracts from government. Downside Options expiring soon (shares selling off). $1.6 billion dividend to insiders. Low guidance. SAI looks like it's going to hit rough waves in the near future, but after smoothing all those problems, it should sail smoothly higher in the long term. Its price is currently at a two-month low and seems to have support at high 17's. At under $18, it would make a very good long term position.
              Heelys IPO        
    I spent 30 minutes watching the roadmap of Heelys and did some research on the company. My summary: Good short term play because of the hype, but its long term prospect is questionable because the wheel-in-a-shoe may become a fad. Heelys IPO gets rolling Heelys looks to stay on a roll with IPO Cramer's 'Mad Money' Recap: Heelys Worth a Roll "Looking at the comps, Cramer said Heelys should be worth $26 a share eventually and it could even go to the mid-$30s. The bottom line: buy Heelys in the low $20s and sell it as soon as it crosses the $30 line."
              Make Money Online        
    Make money at home working exclusively online without personal recruiting or face-to-face selling. Please visit our site to learn more.
              Cleland and Sellers honored for years of service        
    none
              Leon Sellers        
    none
              Interesting forum on self-publishing at 2017 Outwrite LGBT Book Festival in Washington DC        

    Today I visited the 2017 Outwrite LGBT Book Festival in the DC Center office space and surrounding atrium at 14th and U Streets in Washington DC.

    This year I did not have my own table;  I’ll get into this elsewhere.

    The most interesting part of the visit was a presentation in DC Center’s largest room (on 14th Street ground level) from LGBT book publishers and literary agents.

    There was a discussion of what an author goes through if he/she wants to control the process.  It’s usually necessary to hire a copyeditor and a typesetter (who is often the same).  It’s necessary to find a book manufacturer, and prices can vary a lot (many companies exist in the Shenandoah Valley and down in the North Carolina Piedmont).  It seems that Milo Yianopoulos has controlled the production of his book “Dangerous” after Simon and Schuster dropped him after a controversy.

    There was discussion of “guerrilla marketing”, and of the tendency recently for trade publishers not to offer advances, which typically have to be recovered from book sales. 

    There was mention of the use of pseudonyms and pen names, and that in a real world some authors really need to keep their identities secret, usually for reasons other than just being  LGBT, like workplace conflicts or possible security concerns for themselves or others around them.  This is rather alarming.


    There was discussion of “sea turtle authors”, often introverts, who do not like to be pressed to sell aggressively, and are perfectly content to let their “eggs” lie dormant.
      

    I asked about print-on-demand publishers, like Author Solutions.  The group did not think well of this business model, and referred to it as a “shadow industry”  They felt money should go to authors directly,, but that only works if the author owns the publishing entity.  I did refer to the fact that POD companies have been pressing authors harder to buy copies of books and build their own stores and credit card operations, rather than depend on Amazon and Barnes and Noble. 

    I did mention the SESPA bill from the Senate and the implicit threat to web speech, including eventually author websites. 

              Graduated publication of novels online, with user participation and even editing        

    Some authors have tried a new technique for staged publication of novels.

    The idea is to post one chapter (or a few chapters) and invited comments and even editing help from readers, before moving on to future chapters or even deciding the ending.  The idea reminds me of a style of dinner theater where the audience decides who committed the murder (like "Clue").

    The books of James Strauss seem to fit this model.  A recent project is “30 Days Has September”, based on his experiences as an Army officer during the Vietnam war.  (I, a draftee, was stateside at Fort Eustis and sheltered from combat at the time).

     The chapters seemed to be based on individual days in combat.  I do remember being told in Basic Combat Training that a typical infantry platoon went on patrol every third night.

    The comments appear, under the name of Chuck Barton, on a blog posting by Ramsay Taplin on his “Blogtyrant” site, a post titled “What will you sell if you give away your best blog content for free?”, here.


     
    The idea of gradual publication online to get an audience is interesting.  I think Stephen King has tried it.  But my own idea right now is to finish a complete draft, with all loose ends tied, of  "Angel’s Brother" myself (about 105,000 words) and put them through a copyeditor before it goes anywhere.  There is a draft now (all 27 chapters);  but I have a lot of polishing to do.  I guess I want to be the dictator of what happens to each character in this sci-fi, ongoing apocalypse setting.  I decide who is going to get it.


              Dean Koontz's "Moonlight": how a commercially prolific suspense novelist remains relevant as technology and politics change         

    During my first year of employment at USLICO in Arlington in 1990 (what would become my last main job, for 12 years and four owners), I read the Dean Koontz 1989 novel “Midnight”, and shared it (paper, Putnam was original publisher) with a few people in production control in what would become a coffee break book club.

    The novel is remarkable in its huge number of chapters, and organization into three parts each with its own chapter 1.



    The novel starts with a jogger running in a California beach town (Moonlight Cove  -- “In the Moonlight, Do Me” indeed) being attacked by a mysterious alien-like creature, and soon the mystery, somewhat in a “Twin Peaks” -like fashion, is examined from the viewpoint of various characters, whose narratives gradually connect.  (Irving Wallace had used this technique for building plots for Cold War spy novels back in the 1960s).  It seems as though people are getting converted into hybrid creatures and that a sociopathic computer scientist Shaddock is involved.



    I would have thought that this novel would make a good miniseries on a cable channel,, even today, as the premise has less dependence on political circumstances and even technology than most sci-fi suspense novels.  Koontz sometimes gets into Shaddack’s head, anticipating the psyche of a modern terrorist, deflecting the social issues (like gay rights in one passage) in surprising ways.
    I mention the novel because Koontz is often heralded in some circles as the ideal author who writes strictly to sell, and he indeed has a huge career of a long list of novels, divided into various subcategories of suspense.   Literary agents love his approach, because it is so commercial.  So do trade publishers.

    One problem with developing suspense novels is that sometimes they become very vulnerable to changes in world politics, which can come suddenly and be largely unexpected by suspense authors, like the fall of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991.  Today it’s not clear who is the biggest threat: North Korea, Iran, ISIS, Russia, China.

    I’ve had that problem, and my own approach to fiction has to start with my own narrative first.  I make no apologies, despite the disruptive advice and sales calls from others.


              Amazon starts cutting out book distributors, at least overseas in Asia; the issue can matter to some authors         

    Amazon is ceasing to do business with some book distributors, at least in Japan or overseas, and wants to get books directly from publishers. Goodreader has an article on the issue today.  The Japan Times also has a more detailed story.

    In the US, big book distributors (like Ingram, or previously Bookmen in Minneapolis which got bought) have been a main vehicle for both chain and independent bookstores.  POD publishers, such as Author Solutions, have been somewhat aggressive with authors to try to get them to work with bookstores and not get “lazy” with Amazon, and more passive marketing. I suppose that jobs (in bookstores) and literacy initiatives (in underprivileged communities) can be at issue when authors become less interested in their own retailing. It’s also possible for an author to buy copies POD at a deep discount and sell cheaper (probably) than Amazon or BN sometimes (that’s good for the POD publisher) but requires a lot of retail hustle from the author.  Not all books (especially in the policy or personal non-fiction areas) can sell that well. 

              Book publishing site reports that Amazon is aggressive in deleting less-than-valid book reviews of self-published books         

    A site called “Just Publishing” offers what looks like good advice to new authors especially with self-published books, especially POD.

    “Why did Amazon delete my book reviews?  Because there was a problem with how you got the reviews”, link.

    I can certainly understand that paying for reviews is unethical (although you would wonder if people pay for Yelp and Angie's List, which both companies adamantly say you cannot).

    I can understand that family is off limits.  But the article also implies social media friends is a no-no.  That’s getting difficult, and I hadn’t heard that before.  People who network enough to sell their books the old fashioned way probably would attract quality Facebook friends and Instagram and twitter followers.  Such a policy would sound a bit self-defeating.

    It is true that there are industry statistics on the expected reasonable ratio of books sold to reviews – it’s high.



    I’ve noticed something else about the POD business.  POD companies often mark the list prices high, which will be only slightly discounted on the Amazon and BN sites, and perhaps some others.  Then they encourage authors to try copies themselves by buying hundreds of copies at maybe 50% off or so.  An author who really wants to operate her own wholesale (with bookstores) and retail (with consumers) could mark them up to about 60% or so and make a profit.  But that would be so time consuming that the author wouldn’t have time for new material.

    It’s frankly very difficult to sell books, or sell advertising on a blog, unless you have built a reputation first in some niche that relates to something people will pay for.  Fiction sometimes provides an exception, but even then it is often niche-like.  Hopefully it’s legitimate (not porn). Given the “gofundme” culture online today (which has become much more prominent than it was two decades ago when I got into this) there is probably opportunity to “sell” in the special needs area – but I have my own psychological and perhaps moral qualms about this.



              Should authors "troll" book clubs?         

    There are some book clubs here in Arlington VA – one for AGLA, which meets in members’ homes or sometimes at Freddies’s, and another one at the Westover Market BeerHaus (Facebook ).

    Book clubs are a bit time consuming for me, where I need to review what comes across my plate as important (I reviewed as self-published novel on bullying (and the horrific consequences from revenge for it), “Crossing the Line”, by Alan Eisenberg, although I could see it fitting in at Westover with “Diana’s Magic” by Mr. Hicks himself).

    And some clubs really involve semi-radical hospitality, rotating member’s homes, rather like my parents’ shrimp creole parties in winter in the 1950s (I remember one during a 1958 Saturday February blizzard, which nearly turned into a preview scenario of the movie “The Ice Storm”).

    Where book clubs would help is with authors working on fiction manuscripts that they want to sell as actual copies of books.

    Erin Geiger Smith writes “When You Bomb at Book Club” here in the Wall Street Journal Tuesday.


              Eliminate This Risk to Your Sales Momentum        
    By:  Andrew Johnson, Ph.D. Your team has pushed hard to get a successful product launch.  There is intense focus on Sales & Marketing to take the ball now to close on ever greater numbers of sales.  There is nothing like being ‘out-of-stock’ to put a crimp in your sales momentum.  With a little bit of […]
              International Team Leadership: A Real Life Case Study in How Not to Be the Ugly American        
    By :  Andrew Johnson, Ph.D. Taking the time to meet with and understand the culture of your international partners goes a long way to boosting you entire team’s efficiency.  The following case study demonstrates the value of cultural sensitivity when leading an international team. Case Study:  (some details intentionally left vague to provide anonymity for […]
              Get the Biggest Bang for Your Tradeshow Buck with These Tips        
    By:  Andrew Johnson, Ph.D. Tradeshows can be a great place to get the word out about your product and also to keep abreast of late breaking news, trends and opportunities.  However, they can also be very expensive.  Registration fees, travel costs, shipping and other logistical costs, not to mention opportunity costs by having your sales […]
              Are we there yet? The Secret to Keeping your Company on Track        
    By: Andrew Johnson, Ph.D. Every summer as a kid, my family would pile in the car and drive to beautiful Lake Champlain, Vermont for a week of fun and relaxation.  The car ride itself felt like a quick detour to the 9th circle of a place a little less nice than Lake Champlain.  This was […]
              CONVENIO COLECTIVO DE TRABAJO NRO. 1/76        
    CONVENIO COLECTIVO DE TRABAJO NRO. 1/76

    I) PARTES INTERVINIENTES
    ART. 1- PARTES INTERVINIENTES
    II) APLICACIÓN DE LA CONVENCIÓN
    ART. 2- VIGENCIA
    ART. 3- AMBITO DE APLICACIÓN
    ART. 4- REINCORPORACIÓN DEL PERSONAL
    ART. 5- BOLSA DE TRABAJO
    ART. 6- RELACION DE TRABAJO
    ART. 7- LLAMADO AL PERSONAL POR ANTIGÜEDAD
    ART. 8- LABORACION DE HORAS EXTRAS
    ART. 9- TRABAJO A DESTAJO (PROHIBICION)
    ART. 10- NO OBLIGATORIEDAD DE MAXIMO RENDIMIENTO
    ART. 11- FORMAS DE TRABAJO
    ART. 12- APLICACIÓN DE LEYES: LEY DE ACIDENTES DE TRABAJO
    ART. 13- ACCIDENTES Y/O ENFERMEDADES INCULPABLES
    ART. 14- PAGO DE SUELDOS
    ART. 15- PAGO SALARIOS FAMILIARES
    ART. 16- VACACIONES ANUALES Y/O PROPORCIONALES
    ART. 17- PAGO POR INDEMNIZACION
    ART. 18- HORARIO DE TRABAJO
    ART. 19- BONIFICACIÓN POR MAYOR ESFUERZO (10% TEMPORADA)
    ART. 20- SUSPENCIONES
    ART. 21- COSECHA PAGO MES COMERCIAL
    ART. 22- GUARDERIA INFANTIL
    ART. 23- DIA, HORA Y LUGAR DE PAGO
    ART. 24- SERVICIO MILITAR OBLIGATORIO
    ART. 25- DURACION Y APRENDIZAJE
    ART. 26- NUMERO DE APRENDICES- REMUNERACIÓN DE TRABAJO DE CATEGORIA SUPERIOR A LA DEL OPERARIO QUE LA EFECTUA
    ART. 27- DEBERES DEL PERSONAL
    ART. 28- INASISTENCIA POR ENFERMEDAD O ACCIDENTE
    ART. 29- SANCIONES POR FALTA INJUSTIFICADA
    ART. 30- MEDIDAS DISCIPLINARIAS- FACULTAD DEL EMPLEADOR
    ART. 31- OBLIGACIONES DE LA PATRONAL: OBLIGACIONES VARIAS
    ART. 32- PERMISO PARA DONAR SANGRE
    ART. 33- PIZARRA PARA COMUNICADOS GREMIALES
    ART. 34- TRANSPORTE DE PERSONAL
    ART. 35- LICENCIA POR FALLECIMIENTO FAMILIAR DIRECTO
    ART. 36- DEBERES Y OBLIGACIONES DE LOS DELEGADOS
    ART. 37- PERMISOS GREMIALES
    ART. 38- ESPECIALIDADES Y CATEGORIAS
    ART. 39- RETENCIONES Y APORTES SOCIALES
    ART. 40- RETENCIONES DE CUOTA SOCIAL Y/O ESPECIALES
    ART. 40 BIS- RETENCIONES CUOTA MUTUAL DE LA FRUTA
    ART. 41- ADICIONALES MENSUALES: BONIFICACIÓN POR ANTIGÜEDAD
    ART. 42- ADICIONAL POR PERAS
    ART. 43- ADICIONAL O BONIFICACIÓN POR ASISTENCIA PERFECTA
    ART. 44- DIA OBRERO DE LA FRUTA
    ART. 45- ACREDITACION FEHACIENTE DE CATEGORIA- SALARIO
    ART. 46- PROHIBICIÓN PARA CAPATACES O ENCARGADOS
    ART. 47- INDUMENTARIA PROVEIDA POR EMPRESA
    ART. 48- VIERNES SANTO- ASUETO
    ART. 49- SEGURO DE VIDA
    ART. 50. CONSTANCIA DE TIEMPO TRABAJADO
    ART. 51- ARTICULOS DE APLICACIÓN EN POST-TEMPORADA: SUSPENSIÓN POST-TEMPORADA
    ART. 52- CALCULO SALARIO POST- TEMPORADA
    ART. 53- MINIMO DE DIAS PARA COBRO SALARIO FAMILIAR
    ART. 54- PROHIBICIÓN TAREAS EMPAQUE EN CÁMARA O ANTECAMARA FRIGORIFICA
    ART. 55- REPRESENTACIÓN GREMIAL EN POST-TEMPORADA
    ART. 56- INCORPORACION TRABAJADOR ENFERMO DADO DE ALTA. SUSPENCIÓN LEGÍTIMA AL REEMPLAZANTE
    ART. 57- ORDEN PÚBLICO DEL PRESENTE CONVENIO
    ART. 58- COMISIÓN DE INTERPRETACION DE ESTA CONVENCIÓN
    III) DISPOSICIONES TRANSITORIAS
    ART. 59- PROYECTO DE REGLAMENTACION DE GUARDERIAS
    ART. 60- REMISIÓN AL SINDICATO DE PLANILLA DE PERSONAL
    ART. 61- POST-TEMPORADA: ANTELACION DE 24HS PARA SUSPENDER Y FECHA PROBABLE DE REINCORPORACION
    ART. 62- RESPONSABILIDAD EMPRESARIA POR TRABAJO EN CAMARA O ANTECAMARA FRIGORIFICA
    ART. 63- OBLIGACION DE INFORMAR VOLUMEN DE FRUTA EN FRIO A SINDICATO
    ART. 64- FECHA INICIACION DISCUCIÓN SALARIAL

    ADVERTENCIAS

    Debemos hacer algunas advertencias en relación al texto del Convenio que sigue a continuación.
    Primero, que los montos dinerarios que figuran en el texto fueron fijados en la fecha en que se firmó el Convenio, es decir en Enero del año 1976, por lo que dichos montos están totalmente desactualizados.
    Segundo, muchos de los artículos han sido modificados por sentencias judiciales en casos concretos, que no alcanzan a modificar el texto del Convenio, pero como las Sentencias sientan jurisprudencia, en el momento de la aplicación judicial pesan más esos fallos que la letra del Convenio.
    Tercero, que en el articulo 1, cuando se hace mención a las partes intervinientes, es necesario aclarar que Empacadores y Frigoríficos de Frutas Asociados de Río Negro y Neuquén actualmente es la Cámara Argentina de Fruticultores Integrados (CAFI).


    TEXTO DEL CONVENIO

    I) PARTES INTERVINIENTES

    Artículo 1- Las partes que suscriben el presente convenio, Sindicato de Obreros y Empacadores de Frutas de Río Negro y Neuquén; y Empacadores y Frigoríficos de Frutas Asociados de Río Negro y Neuquén, se reconocen mutuamente como entidades gremiales representativas con el sentido y alcance que se desprenda de las normas legales vigentes, a los efectos de la suscripción de esta convención.

    II) APLICACIÓN DE LA CONVENCIÓN

    Artículo 2- Vigencia temporaria: el presente convenio regirá desde el 1 de Enero de 1976 y hasta el 31 de Diciembre de 1976, en las cláusulas que determinan las condiciones de trabajo. Con respecto a las condiciones económicas rigen desde la misma fecha, comprometiéndose las partes a reunirse el 30 de Mayo de 1976 para considerarlas nuevamente.
    Articulo 3- Ámbito de aplicación: el presente convenio será de aplicación al personal que labore en los establecimientos en que se empaque fruta fresca, sitos en las provincias de Río Negro y Neuquén, en tareas propias de la actividad.
    Artículo 4- Reincorporación del personal: A la iniciación de la temporada, la reincorporación del personal se efectuara comenzando por los obreros de mayor antigüedad, computada por tiempo efectivo de trabajo y dentro de cada especialidad y categorías conforme a las necesidades del empleador. En caso de coincidir en igual especialidad y categoría, será preferida a los fines de la reincorporación y suspensión, el de más antigüedad de la planta de empaque.
    El caso de la clasificadora puntera de acuerdo al párrafo anterior que debiera ser suspendida, quedará trabajando como clasificadora, cuando tuviera antigüedad como tal, si mediara conformidad de la primera para efectuar dicha tarea con el sueldo de clasificadora. En el caso que un obrero adquiera otra categoría dentro de la especialidad no perderá la antigüedad adquirida en la especialidad a la fecha, computándose la misma a los fines de la reincorporación en la temporada. Para la suspensión por finalización de cosecha, se aplicara igual criterio comenzando por los menos antiguos y de conformidad al artículo 21.
    Artículo 5- Bolsa de trabajo. Las empresas que deben incorporar personal nuevo a su plantel, podrán requerir el mismo en la bolsa de trabajo de la Seccional respectiva del S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N. del mismo lugar donde deban llevarse a cabo las tareas. Las Seccionales del Sindicato deberán pasar la lista total de los obreros inscriptos en cada especialidad, a las empresas, para que están concreten los pedidos en cualquiera de los integrantes de esa nomina que presenten antecedentes de idoneidad que lo acrediten en la especialidad. Toda solicitud de personal deberá hacerse con 24 horas de anticipación y deberá ser provisto dentro del mismo lapso de recibida la solicitud.
    En caso de que la empresa no contratare al personal solicitado y que le fuera proveído, cuyo pedido no fuera anulado oportunamente, deberá abonarle a ese personal una compensación de los jornales correspondientes a tres (3) días.
    El que hubiere sido despedido por el empleador con anterioridad a esa solicitud, no es obligatorio contratarlo nuevamente.
    Articulo 6- Relación de Trabajo: La patronal asegura a los obreros el trabajo mientras dure el termino de cosecha con las limitaciones expresadas en los artículos 4º y 21º. Se entiende por cosecha el término durante el cual ingresa fruta fresca a la planta para ser empacada.
    Articulo 7- Llamado al personal por listas de antigüedad: Con diez días de anticipación a la iniciación de la cosecha, los empleadores colocaran en lugar visible y de fácil acceso a los obreros, una lista de aquellos que por su orden de antigüedad en la especialidad, deben reingresar haciendo constar en la misma fecha de ingreso y tiempo efectivo trabajado en la empresa, la fecha probable progresiva en que deban presentarse en la temporada. Será obligatoria la remisión de una copia de dichas listas a la Seccional respectiva del Sindicato. A los efectos del Art. 107º de la Ley nº 20.744, antes del 31 de Diciembre de cada año el trabajador deberá manifestar al empleador su disposición de desempeñar el puesto y el empleador de ocuparlo en la forma y con las modalidades requeridas. Toda notificación al obrero deberá hacerse en el domicilio real del mismo, el que deberá ser denunciado por este finalizar cada temporada. Si el obrero que tuviere domicilio dentro de las provincias de Río Negro y Neuquén, no se presentase dentro de las 48 hs. posteriores a la fecha probable en que debería ingresar, deberá ser intimado por el empleador mediante telegrama simple para que .lo haga en un plazo de cuarenta y ocho horas; si no se presentare será considerado incurso en abandono de trabajo. Pero si el obrero tuviera domicilio fuera de ambas provincias deberá ser intimado se igual forma para que se presente en siete (7) días bajo el mismo apercibimiento. En caso de encontrarse el domicilio real del obrero fuera del radio de distribución de correspondencia de la localidad en donde resida, deberá fijar domicilio en el radio antedicho, bajo de apercibimiento de considerarse valida las notificaciones que se efectúen en las Seccionales respectivas de S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N. Es voluntad de las partes que la contratación del personal nuevo sea efectuada con preferencia entre el que tenga residencia en las provincias de Río Negro y Neuquén.
    Articulo 8- Laboracion de horas extras: Cuando haya que embalar fruta para exportación y sea necesario trabajar horas extras, a juicio de la empresa, aquellas que empleen una cantidad de personal inferior a la del año anterior, queda limitada la cantidad de horas extras a diez horas en días continuado se dará al finalizar la primera, quince minutos de descanso pagos. Las horas extras deberán ser laboradas por todo el personal o por sectores en forma rotativa, y nunca por una minoría o sector determinado, a excepción del personal afectado a carga y descarga de frutas. Todas las empresas deberán tener controla reloj.
    Articulo 9- Queda prohibido el trabajo a destajo en temporada.
    Artículo 10- Ningún operario podrá ser obligado a efectuar tareas a un ritmo superior al normal de trabajo. En caso de surgir algún inconveniente, este será planteado por el delegado o la comisión de reclamos. Cuando la entrada de frutas exceda de los dos mil (2.000) cosecheros diarios el empleador pondrá como mínimo dos(2) descargadores. Cuando las tareas de cualquier especialidad, exija un máximo rendimiento, el Delegado solicitara a la empresa el personal que fuera necesario.
    Artículo 11- Ningún obrero podrá ser destinado a tareas que importen una disminución permanente de especialidad y/o categoría. Para el caso de que el obrero deba realizar tareas distintas a la que esta afectado, el mismo no podrá negarse, salvo su derecho a mayor salario que corresponda y siempre que no afectare su decoro y este dentro de las posibilidades físicas y materiales. Este desplazamiento deberá efectuarse por parte de la patronal en forma rotativa, evitando que recaiga en una sola persona y/o especialidad. Las tareas que requieran esfuerzo físico excesivo no podrán ser asignado a mujeres.
    Artículo 12- Aplicación de leyes: Las empresas asumirán el conjunto de las obligaciones preceptuadas por ley 9.688 y sus modificaciones.
    Articulo 13- Respecto a los accidentes y/ o enfermedades inculpables regirá lo dispuesto en el art. 225 de la ley 20.744.
    Articulo 14- El pago de las retribuciones se hará de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Titulo IV de la Ley Contrato de Trabajo nro. 20.744.
    Articulo 15- Los obreros del empaque de frutas tendrán derecho a los beneficios establecidos por ley 18.017. A tal fin la antigüedad a que se refieren los artículos 2, 3 y 4 de dicha ley, se computaran por trabajo efectivo sumado por temporada sucesiva, Los subsidios se pagaran siempre que el evento de que se trata se produzca en tiempo en que el obrero tenga derecho a trabajar. El salario familiar se pagara en todos los casos en que corresponda, según las normas C.A.S.F.E.C.
    Articulo 16- Los trabajadores que se desempeñen en forma continua o discontinua gozaran de vacaciones anuales pagas de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Titulo V de la Ley 20.744. En cuanto al personal que se desempeña en temporada tendrá al finalizar la misma, derecho a percibir el equivalente a un día de vacaciones cada 20 días de trabajo, tomando en cuenta la totalidad de los días trabajados en la temporada, computables de acuerdo a lo dispuesto en el articulo 166 de la mencionada Ley.
    Articulo 17- El pago por indemnización por despidos se hará conforme a lo previsto en los artículos 20, 104, 105, 106 y concordantes de la Ley Contrato de Trabajo (20.744). A estos efectos se considerara tiempo de servicio al que efectivamente haya prestado el obrero durante la relación laboral.
    Artículo 18- El horario habitual de la tareas de clasificación y empaque, no podrá iniciarse antes de las 7 horas a la mañana y a las 14horas por la tarde. Las horas trabajadas fuera de este horario serán pagadas como suplementarias con los recargos de ley. El personal de la planta que trabaje en horas nocturnas, no podrá hacerlo antes de las 21, ni después de las 24. Estas horas serán remuneradas la 100%.
    Artículo 19- Por el mayor esfuerzo que significa el trabajo durante la temporada de cosecha, se fijara una bonificación durante dicho lapso equivalente al 10% del salario profesional o básico que se liquidará conforme esta previsto en el art. 42.
    Artículo 20- Solo se aceptaran como validas las suspensiones que estén motivadas en las siguientes circunstancias:
    a) Disminución normal de entrada de fruta en la planta de empaque.
    b) Alteración en el normal levantamiento de la cosecha debido a factores climáticos, problemas sanitarios, inconvenientes en el transporte y cualquier otra circunstancia ajena a la voluntad del empleador. Estas suspensiones deben ser comunicadas al personal en forma fehaciente. Los tres primeros días de las suspensiones enumeradas por este articulo deberán ser pagados. Por finalización de cosecha la suspensión deberá ser comunicada con 48 horas de anticipación como minino.
    Artículo 21- Mientras dure el término de la cosecha la patronal abonara al personal los haberes correspondientes por mes comercial.
    Artículo 21 bis: Las partes acuerdan que al solo efecto del cálculo de la retribución de las horas suplementarias laboradas en temporadas los rubros remunerativos de la escala mensual se dividirán por doscientas horas y a tal resultado se le sumará el recargo del 50% y 100% según corresponda.
    Artículo 22- La obligación impuesta por el articulo 195 de la Ley 20744 la cumplirán las empresas mediante un aporte que cada empleador hará al Sindicato, proporcionalmente a los niños que deban atenderse de cada empresa, haciéndose cargo la organización sindical del funcionamiento y mantenimiento de la guardería. La aplicación de este artículo será reglamentada por acuerdo de ambas partes.
    Artículo 23- No podrá pagarse a los trabajadores remuneraciones solo por razones de edad o sexo. El recibo de pago que no se ajuste a las prescripciones vigentes o no dé cuenta de que se ha hecho la retención legal y convencional pertinente, carecerá de validez para operar como prueba destinada a acreditar que se ha extinguido la obligación. Cuando el Sindicato o Delegado u obrero del galpón solicite a la empresa fijación de hora y lugar de pago por medio fehaciente antes del 28 de cada mes, estas estarán obligadas de fijar día y hora de pago con una antelación de 24 horas también en forma fehaciente. Dichos pagos así dispuestos, podrán ser controlados por autoridades del Sindicato que no excedan de dos y/o el Delegado del galpón inicialando los recibos en prueba de conformidad. Los pagos se efectuaran dentro del horario de trabajo. El empleador se ajustara en un todo a los artículos 143, 204 y concordantes de la Ley nro. 20.744. Las empresas otorgaran al trabajador constancia simple de la recepción de la documentación de las asignaciones familiares. Los empresarios están obligados a aceptar que los obreros entreguen la correspondiente documentación con la intervención de los Delegados del Galpón en caso de ser necesario.
    Artículo 24- El personal que deba cumplir con la Ley de Servicio Militar obligatorio y tuviera una antigüedad no inferior a dos temporadas, gozará de un porcentaje equivalente al 30% de las remuneraciones que por la especialidad y categoría le correspondan durante el tiempo que el obrero tuviera derecha a trabajar en la temporada.
    Artículo 25- La duración del aprendizaje será de sesenta días, no pudiendo excederse de una temporada y ser inferior a 40 días, cumplido el cual, si la empresa no lo ascendiera, el obrero solicitara de la misma ser sometido a examen, el que será rendido ante un representante de la Dirección Nacional de Frutas y Hortalizas, a cuyo fallo se someterán las partes.
    La idoneidad del personal que ingresa será apreciada por el empleador, capataz o encargado. El obrero podrá impugnar esa calificación solicitando ser examinado por un representante de la Dirección Nacional de Frutas y Hortalizas, a cuyo fallo se someterán las partes. Esta impugnación deberá efectuarla dentro de los 5 días que le fuera negada la categoría que pretende. En los dos casos mencionados en este articulo, el examen podrá ser presenciado por un dirigente gremial o un Delegado obrero y un representante de la patronal y cuando el fallo fuera favorable al obrero, el empleador pagara con retroactividad a al mismo, la diferencia de sueldo que corresponda de acuerdo al fallo. Si pasados los cinco días del reclamo la empresa no se expidiera al respecto, se considerará que el obrero pasa automáticamente a la categoría inmediata superior.
    Artículo 26- La cantidad de aprendices no podrá ser superior a l 15% de los obreros ocupados en la empresa, salvo que no hubiera personal especializado en la Bolsa de trabajo del Sindicato. El operario que realice tareas de cualquier categoría remunerada con un sueldo superior, recibirá la diferencia por el tiempo que se haya desempeñado, siempre que lo haya efectuado como mínimo durante media jornada normal de trabajo.
    Artículo 27- Son deberes del personal:
    a) efectuar correctamente su trabajo siendo considerado falta grave el insistir en hacer pasar un trabajo defectuoso;
    b) ser cuidadoso y económico en el uso de los útiles y herramientas que se le confíen;
    c) comunicar al superior inmediato toda circunstancia peligrosa o anormal que observe, como así avisar sobre hallazgos de herramientas o material abandonado;
    d) no abandonar las tareas sin causa justificada y cumplir estrictamente el horario de iniciación y finalización de las tareas;
    e) acatar las órdenes del inmediato superior;
    f) notificar de inmediato a la empresa todo cambio de domicilio;
    g) notificarse de toda comunicación o sanción disciplinaria patronal, aún cuando estén en desacuerdo. La negativa a ello implicara falta. La firma de la notificación no significara por sí reconocimiento a la legitimidad de la sanción o de la verdad de los hechos. Todo conforme a lo dispuesto en los art. 72, 235 y concordantes de la ley nro. 20.744;
    h) hacer uso correcto de las instalaciones sanitarias, velando por la higiene de las mismas.
    Artículo 28.- El obrero que falta a su trabajo por enfermedad o accidente, deberá comunicarlo de inmediato, salvo que acredite la imposibilidad de hacerlo, y el domicilio en que se halla, para que dicha inasistencia sea controlada por la patronal. El obrero no podrá negarse al examen médico que el empleador mande al domicilio comunicado. , sin perjuicio de sus derechos de asistirse con el facultativo de su confianza. La omisión injustificada del aviso antedicho, constituirá acto de indisciplina, pero no alterara el derecho a la percepción de las remuneraciones si se acreditara que existió enfermedad que imposibilito la concurrencia del trabajador del acuerdo al articulo 226 de la Ley nro. 20.744.
    Artículo 29.- La primera falta injustificada será sancionada con amonestación, la segunda con dos días de suspensión, la tercera con tres días de suspensión, la cuarta con cinco días de suspensión y la quinta dentro de la misma temporada será causal de despido justificado. Cuando la llegada tarde no supere los cinco minutos, el obrero comenzará a trabajar de inmediato; si se superara dicho tiempo ingresara a la media hora del horario fijado, sin perjuicio de descontarse el tiempo no trabajado. Esta tolerancia de cinco minutos se admitirá hasta cinco veces por mes calendario. Este criterio se aplicara tanto a las horas comunes como en las horas extras. Las empresas deberán entregar al personal constancias de los permisos que otorgue para faltar a sus tareas.
    Articulo 30.- Es facultad privativa del empleador la aplicación de medidas disciplinarias al personal por faltar a sus obligaciones. Toda medida deberá ser notificada por escrito al afectado y, asimismo, al Delegado del galpón y/o Seccional respectiva, con expresión de motivos. El obrero recibirá para constancia el original y devolverá el duplicado firmado, reservándose el derecho de impugnar esa sanción, si la considera injusta o improcedente. Por sí sola dicha firma ni significara consentir la sanción.
    Artículo 31.- Obligaciones de la Patronal: es obligación de la patronal proveer al personal de todo los elementos necesarios para la ejecución de las tareas. Deberá proveerse delantales de protección (1 por temporada) a. cargadores, descargadores, selladores, emboquilladotes, alambradotes, tapadores, , embaladores/as. Se proveerá de guardapolvos a todo el personal femenino, excepto las embaladoras, y todo el personal que en forma permanente tenga contacto con fruta fría o húmeda, se le proveerá de guantes. Las empresas colocaran tinglados en los lugares que se efectúen habitualmente tareas al rayo del sol, salvo en playa de cargas. El empleador deberá ceder un lugar para que el personal estacione su medio de movilidad (bicicletas-motos-automóviles). También deberá disponerse en cada planta de empaque de un botiquín equipado con todos los elementos necesarios para practicar curaciones de emergencia. En todos los lugares deberá proveerse de agua y jabón para la higiene del personal, debiendo haber baños suficientes, divididos por sexo, manteniéndose en completo estado de higiene y conservación.
    Se entiende por baños suficientes la cantidad de uno por cada 30 trabajadores, o fracción mayor de 15, pudiendo ser comunes los lavatorios y mingitorios. En los galpones de empaque deberá proveerse de agua fresca y abundante para el consumo del personal. Para las obreras clasificadoras, se habilitaran bancos con respaldo, para que sean utilizados cuando lo crean necesario. Cuando el personal sea contratado con alojamiento el empleador suministrará el mismo en condiciones de habitabilidad e higiene, asegurando cobertizos por sexo, habitación independiente para familias y baños con duchas. Durante la temporada las empresas colocaran ventiladores en la mesa de clasificación. En post-temporada las empresas colocarán calefacción efectiva para que el personal que labora o reacondicione fruta, pueda utilizarlas cuando lo crea necesario.
    Articulo 32.- La patronal tendrá la obligación de permitir a su personal donar sangre gratuitamente al banco de sangre de la Obra Social del Sindicato y/u otras instituciones. El trabajador que done sangre ese día será pagado por el empleador y aquel deberá acreditarlo mediante certificado expedido por la Obra Social o la institución a la que ha donado sangre. No podrá salir de la planta de empaque más del 2 por ciento de los obreros a los fines de este artículo.
    Articulo 33.- las empresas colocaran en un lugar visible del establecimiento una pizarra o vitrina, donde el Sindicato o sus representantes pueden insertar avisos de carácter estrictamente gremial, el contenido de tales comunicados no deberán emitir quejas ni expresar manifestaciones contra la patronal, hechos estos que deberán ser presentados por la vía correspondiente. Las empresas permitirán el entrada a galpón a dirigentes gremiales de la Asociación Profesional correspondiente, y su libre accionar dentro del mismo para realizar reuniones con los obreros, ajustándose en un todo al articulo 81 de la ley 20744.
    Artículo 34.- Las empresas que se encuentran a más de dos kilómetros del radio urbano asumirán la obligación de transportar al personal desde los puntos que la misma fije hasta los lugares de trabajo. Si la empresa estuviera radicada fuera del radio urbano y a una distancia no mayor a dos kilómetros del mismo tendrán la misma obligación anterior si el 40 % de su personal tuviere domicilio real fuera del radio urbano y fuera del radio de dos kilómetros desde el lugar de trabajo. Esta deberá asegurar comodidades de seguridad a los trabajadores. Se habilitara un lugar en el establecimiento donde los obreros puedan protegerse del sol o la lluvia antes de la entrada al trabajo. Esta habilitación será de 30 minutos antes de comenzar las tareas.
    Artículo 35.- En caso de fallecimiento de padres, cónyuge o hijos residentes en el país la empresa otorgará al trabajador una licencia de tres días corridos con goce de sueldos. Cuando el fallecimiento se produzca fuera de la zona de trabajo, se concederá una licencia ampliatoria de cinco días más sin goce de sueldos.
    Artículo 36.- Deberes y atribuciones de los delegados: Los delegados serán elegidos en la proporción y el número establecido por la ley nro. 20645 y de entre ellos se elegirá la Comisión Interna de reclamos que no podrá estar compuesta por más de tres miembros y que preferentemente pertenezcan a distintas especialidades, a cuyo cargo se hallará la relación con la patronal.
    Será obligación de los delegados:
    a) velar por el respeto y cumplimiento del Convenio;
    b) bregar en defensa de los intereses de sus representados.
    c) cumplir y hacer cumplir directivas del Sindicato. A tal efecto la patronal no entorpecerá el libre accionar de los mismos dentro de la empresa para las gestiones gremiales.
    Artículo 37.- Los empresarios otorgarán permisos con goce de sueldos a los Delegados y Representantes Gremiales que tengan acreditada su personería gremial para faltar por tareas inherentes a sus funciones a cuyos efectos éstos deberán justificar la inasistencia por medio de una notificación previa y fehaciente del S.O.E.F.R.Y N. Las inasistencias a las que se refiere el párrafo anterior no podrán sumar más de tres jornadas laborales dentro del mes. Cuando pasare esa cantidad, el permiso será otorgado por la patronal sin goce de haberes. La actuación de los Delegados Titulares excluye la de los suplentes, siendo estos designados de igual forma y oportunidad que aquellos. Los obreros que resulten elegidos Delegados Titulares y los Suplentes con titularidad, serán incorporados en la especialidad con referencia al resto del personal y suspendidos en último término. Los Delegados del personal serán elegidos en el lugar y hora de trabajo. Las empresas otorgaran un lapso de 20 minutos para la convocatoria de elecciones y de ninguna manera trabaran el acto eleccionario. Todo ello de acuerdo a las disposiciones establecidas en la ley 20.615.
    Artículo 38.- Quedan establecidas para la clasificación general de las tareas las siguientes especialidades, categorías y salarios (solo se pondrán las especialidades y categorías, pues los salarios se renuevan en paritarias y la escala se encuentra en otro lugar de este blog): 1) Embalador de primera
    2) Tapador a mano
    3) Alambrador
    4) Tapador a maquina
    5) Embalador de segunda
    6) Armador de cajones a mano
    7) Estibador o secador
    8) carretilleros
    9) Emboquillador o alimentador
    10) Armador de cajones a maquina
    11) Chofer auto elevador ant. Cámara frigorífica
    12) Mecánico
    13) Tamañador de Primera
    14) Recibidor y/o pesador
    15) Clasificadora puntera
    16) Alambrador de maquina automática
    17) Descargador de cosecheros llenos
    18) Cargador de cajones empacados
    19) Embalador aprendiz
    20) Chofer auto elevador de primera
    21) Tamañador de segunda
    22) Operario maquina lavadora
    23) Clasificadora
    24 Alambrador aprendiz
    25) Peón de trabajos varios
    26) Sereno de 12 horas
    27) Chofer de auto elevador de segunda
    28) Chofer camión planta de empaque
    29) Papelero
    30) Apuntador
    31) Romaneador
    32) Carretillero aprendiz
    33) Alcanzador de tamañador o embalador
    34) Sereno de diez horas
    35) Sellador de riel
    36) Afichador o encartonador
    37) Sereno de ocho horas
    38) Sellador de playa
    39) Clasificadora aprendiz
    El presente convenio regirá solo para aquellas chóferes que sean tomados en y para la temporada y afectados con tareas relacionadas con el empaque de frutas. Cuando el trabajador en razón de sus tareas deba ausentarse de la localidad, sede de la planta de empaque y deba almorzar, cenar o pernoctar, lo hará con cargo al empleador. Al personal de vigilancia se le proveerá de elementos mínimos necesarios para cumplir con sus tareas y cuidar su seguridad personal. Queda comprendido en la escala salarial precedente, el aumento otorgado por el decreto nro. 350/76 del Poder Ejecutivo Nacional.
    Artículo 39.- Retenciones y aportes Sociales. Las retenciones que se apliquen a los obreros y el aporte patronal, en virtud de lo dispuesto por la Ley 18.610 con destino a la Obra Social, serán depositadas a la orden del S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N., en la cuenta especial nro. 2-91-27 del Banco de la nación Argentina. Los importes deberán ser depositados por los empleadores dentro de los 15 días corridos posteriores a cada mes vencido, debiendo remitirse la boleta de deposito y las planillas correspondientes, en el mismo termino, las cuales serán enviadas, una al domicilio legal de la Obra Social: 25 de Mayo 152 de Cipolletti, y otra a la Seccional que corresponda. Tal obligación deberá ser satisfecha independientemente del hecho de haberse o no abonado las remuneraciones del personal. Las empresas enviarán mensualmente al Sindicato o a la Seccional respectiva la planilla del personal con las altas y bajas, de acuerdo a lo establecido en el articulo 7 de la Ley 18610 reglamentado por el articulo 13 del decreto nro. 4714/71.
    Artículo 40.- La patronal deberá retener a todo el personal beneficiado por esta convención, por única vez en la temporada, medio día de sueldo. Asimismo deberá retenerles el 1% del total de las remuneraciones en concepto de cuota sindical, debiendo ser depositados dentro de los cinco días de abonados los salarios. Los importes de las retenciones de cuota social y/o especial será depositado en la cuenta nro. 9759-8 del Banco de la provincia de Río Negro debiendo remitirse la boleta de depósito y las planillas correspondientes en el mismo término, las cuales serán enviadas, una al domicilio legal de la central del S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N. , 25 de mayo 152 de Cipolletti, y otra a la Seccional que corresponda. Éste será el único medio de pago válido de esta obligación. El incumplimiento del depósito en los plazos estipulados, producirá la mora automática del empleador, sin necesidad de previa intimación y autoriza al Sindicato a iniciar las acciones judiciales pertinentes. Todo pago que se efectúe al margen de lo determinado en el presente artículo, como así en el artículo 39, no será reconocido por esta organización.
    Artículo 40 bis.- La patronal será agente de retención del 0,50% del total de las remuneraciones percibidas por el trabajador y depositar en la cuenta especial que el S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N. indique, destinada al Fondo de Mutual-Vivienda y Obra. Esta retención deberá ser depositada a los cinco días de haberse efectuado el pago de haberes.
    Artículo 41.- Adicionales Mensuales: Se estableció una bonificación mensual por antigüedad de $25 por temporada de cosecha trabajada. Esta bonificación se liquidara de la misma forma establecida en el artículo 42.
    Artículo 42.- Las empresas abonaran al empleador que trabaje peras durante el mes, un adicional de $250. Este adicional se abonará en proporción a los días trabajados durante el mes por el embalador y conjuntamente con el salario. La proporción se obtendrá dividiendo el adicional por 25.
    Artículo 43.- Las empresas abonaran al personal que observa asistencia perfecta una bonificación mensual equivalente a $470 durante la temporada. Para los obreros que trabajan en post-temporada, esta bonificación será de $700 mensuales. Se entiende por asistencia perfecta cuando el obrero labore todos los días normales del mes y no registre llegadas tardes a su trabajo dentro de los límites del artículo 29. Esta bonificación se liquidará de la misma forma prevista en el artículo 42.
    Artículo 44.- Día del Obrero de la Fruta: se instituye el tercer domingo del mes de Marzo, como DIA DEL OBRERO DE LA FRUTA, el que será pagado por todos los empleadores involucrados en el presente convenio, al personal en actividad, con el equivalente a un día de trabajo.
    Artículo 45.- El personal que ingrese como nuevo en la planta de empaque y acredite mediante recibo de pago y/o certificado de trabajo, su categoría dentro de la especialidad en que se va a desempeñar, no podrá percibir salario inferior a ella.
    Artículo 46.- El personal que se desempeñe como capataz o encargado de la planta de empaque no podrá realizar tarea alguna en forma permanente, en ninguna especialidad, mientras no se haya incorporado la totalidad del personal o hayan sido suspendidos.
    Artículo 47.- Las empresas proveerán a todo el personal efectivo o permanente, durante el periodo de invierno, de dos pantalones y dos camisas, siendo su uso obligatorio, debiendo ser reemplazados cuando se deterioren por su uso normal.
    Artículo 48.- La empresa otorgará o no asueto el viernes santo de acuerdo a su tradición y creencia, en horas de la tarde, conforme al artículo 17 de la ley 20744.
    Artículo 49.- Las empresas que a la fecha no hayan contratado el seguro implantado por decreto nro. 1567/74 del Poder ejecutivo nacional deberán hacerlo exclusivamente por la Caja Nacional de Ahorro y Seguro, aquellas que la tengan concertados con otras compañías aseguradoras, deberán comunicar al S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N. el nombre y domicilio de las mismas, y a su vencimiento deberán contratarlo con la Caja Nacional de Ahorro y Seguro, conforme a lo establecido en este articulo. El monto de este seguro es de $30.000 por cada obrero o empleado con ajuste anual automático de acuerdo a la evolución del índice del precio minorista, cubriendo los riesgos de muerte e invalidez total, absoluta e irreversible o permanente de todo trabajador en relación de dependencia. El pago de las primas está a cargo de los empleadores. Este beneficio no sustituye a los que otorgue la ley de accidentes de trabajo u otras normas de derecho laboral o provisional. Asimismo no podrá afectarse los capitales que se abonen por concepto alguno, teniendo en cuenta que los mismos son de exclusiva pertenencia del asegurado o los beneficiarios.
    Artículo 50.- A la finalización de cada temporada la patronal entregará a su personal, constancia del tiempo trabajado en la misma, a los fines de controlar el obrero su antigüedad para su próxima reincorporación.
    Artículo 51.- Artículos de Aplicación en Post-temporada: Aquellas empresas que realicen tareas en post-temporadas, en el momento de comunicar la suspensión a cualquier trabajador, deberá confeccionar una lista por duplicado de todo el personal, donde éste manifestara su voluntad de realizar o no trabajos en post-temporada, dicha lista será remitida al Sindicato dentro de los cinco días de terminada la cosecha. Aquellas empresas que realicen tareas de este tipo en tales periodos deberán reincorporar a ese personal de acuerdo a sus necesidades, respetando el orden de antigüedad y categoría, otorgándole un plazo de 48 horas para presentarse. Si el obrero dejara de hacerlo, la empresa quedará relevada de sus obligaciones emergentes de este artículo. Aquellos obreros que a la finalización de la cosecha expresaran su voluntad de no reincorporarse en temporada fuera de la cosecha y los que no respondieren a la citación patronal, dentro de dicho lapso quedarán suspendidos con derecho a ser reincorporados en la próxima temporada de cosecha. . Los obreros que en la temporada fuera de cosecha acepten desempeñarse en una especialidad o categoría distinta a la suya, percibirán el salario que por este convenio le corresponda a la especialidad y categoría que efectivamente trabaja.
    Artículo 52.- En las tareas de post-temporada, cuando se abone el salario por tiempo efectivamente trabajado, la retribución diaria se obtendrá dividiendo el sueldo de este convenio por 25. Además se pagará al trabajador media jornada o jornada completa, aún cuando no se completare la misma, por razones ajenas a su voluntad y siempre que se encuentre a disposición del empleador.
    Artículo 53.- A todo obrero que trabaje en post-temporada más de ochenta (80) horas durante el mes calendario, le será asegurado un mínimo de cien (100) horas en dicho mes y por lo tanto las asignaciones familiares correspondientes.
    Artículo 54.- Queda terminantemente prohibido realizar tareas de empaque en cámaras o ante cámaras frigoríficas. Cuando las empresas cedan sus instalaciones para el empaque de frutas a mano o a maquina, deberá ajustarse al régimen establecido por la ley 20.744, artículo 248.
    Artículo 55.- Será obligación de los empleadores que desarrollen actividades en post-temporada, cualquiera sea su naturaleza, mantener al personal con representación en la planta de empaque del delegado o los Delegados obreros en la proporción que establece la ley de acuerdo a la cantidad de operarios. La representación sindical será ejercida por el Delegado/a/s, con mayor antigüedad como trabajador en la empresa. La reincorporación del Delegado/a/s, será de acuerdo a lo establecido en el artículo 37.
    Artículo 56.- El obrero que haya manifestado su voluntad de trabajar en post-temporada y que al ser llamado por la empresa se encontrase enfermo, se incorporará al ser dado de alta. En tal caso será legítima la suspensión que se aplicare a quien lo reemplazó.
    Artículo 57.- Las disposiciones del presente convenio son de orden público y será nula y sin ningún valor toda convención de partes que anule los derechos determinados en la misma, conforme a la Ley de Trabajo 20.744 en sus artículos 7, 8, 9, 11 y concordantes de la misma.
    Artículo 58.- De la Comisión de Interpretación: La comisión paritaria de interpretación de esta convención esta integrada por dos representantes del S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N. y un representante de la Delegación nacional del Ministerio de Trabajo de la ciudad de general Roca, Provincia de Rio Negro, quien la presidirá. Esta comisión tendrá a su cargo la solución, por vía conciliatoria de los diferendos que se susciten con motivo de la interpretación de este Convenio.

    III) DISPOSICIONES TRANSITORIAS

    Artículo 59.- A los efectos de la aplicación del artículo 22 el S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N., presentará dentro de los 60 días un proyecto de reglamentación de funcionamiento y administración de la guardería que se discutirá dentro de la comisión de interpretación.
    Artículo 60.- Las empresas enviaran mensualmente al Sindicato o a la Seccional respectiva la planilla del personal con las altas y bajas, de acuerdo a lo establecido en el articulo 13 de la Ley nro. 18.610 y decreto reglamentario.
    Artículo 61.- Post-temporada: La patronal comunicará al personal, en caso de suspensión, con 24 horas de antelación y probable fecha de reincorporación. Si el obrero se presentara a trabajar y no se lo reincorpora de acuerdo a la notificación antedicha en un plazo posterior a 72 horas, el trabajador recibirá a partir de ese lapso, los jornales correspondientes, sin necesidad de recurrir al cobro por vía legal.
    Artículo 62.- Para el caso en que se realicen tareas de empaque en la cámara o ante-cámara de un frigorífico que no integre el establecimiento de un galpón de empaque, el propietario o la razón social propietaria del frigorífico, será responsable de todos los efectos que surjan del contrato de trabajo de empaque de frutas y cargará con todos los derechos y obligaciones emergentes de este convenio y de las leyes que rijan la actividad.
    Artículo 63.- Las empresas no podrán negar al representante de S.O.E.F.R.N. Y N. que se acredite como tal cuando éste lo solicite, el volumen de fruta existente en cámara frigorífica (cajones empacados o cajones bins) como así también es requerido a los efectos de determinar aproximadamente la duración del vínculo laboral. Este artículo es también de aplicación para aquellos frigoríficos particulares que alquilen o cedan sus cámaras o ante-cámaras.
    Artículo 64.- Se conviene de ambas partes que la escala salarial, bonificaciones o cualquier otro beneficio acordado por la parte económica de este convenio, será ajustable en las siguientes fechas: 30-5 y 30-08-76, dejando expresamente aclarado que los salarios fijados por este acuerdo se considerarán mínimo profesional. En este mismo acto queda convenido también como fecha de iniciación en la discusión de próximos convenios de temporadas sucesivas al 1 de Diciembre de cada año calendario.

              Drawdown Gives Us 100 Uplifting Climate Solutions        

    Drawdown Offers 100 Uplifting Climate Solutions

    Reverse

    Adapted from Mom’s Clean Air Force blog post by Kerry Trueman

    If our current administration’s head-in-the-sand approach to climate change leaves you with a sinking feeling, I’ve got just the book to buoy you: Paul Hawken’s Drawdown.

    Drawdown leapt onto the New York Times top ten bestseller list in its first week of release, validating Hawken’s belief that a positive approach to this potentially overwhelming crisis is the best way to address it. He characterizes global warming not “as an inevitability, but as an invitation to build, innovate, and effect change.”

    The Project Drawdown campaign invites you to join a global community of visionary individuals who’ve got an astonishing range of ideas on how we can tackle our climate crisis, no matter where we live or who governs us.


              OLDSMOBILE PIRATE Limited Edition Print by StefanMarjoram        

    22.00 GBP

    Every year in December I draw a car picture a day and sell the originals. The 2015 series was extramely popular - and for the first time featured actual cars rather than invented ones. I was really pleased with the finished collection - and when I got an invitation to display some work at Bicester Heritage recently I thought it would be great to print out the entire set - I never usually get to see all of the drawings together.

    Just 24 copies of each drawing will be printed and then individually signed and numbered. They are A5 size (210mmx150mm), printed on 280gsm museum quality paper with archival inks. Apart from being a tiny bit larger, the prints are almost indistinguishable from the originals.

    (Please note: this listing is for a single, unframed print only. Some of the images are simply to show how they would look framed or as part of a set)


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