'..the mayors of Paris, Madrid, Mexico City and Athens plan to banish diesels from their city centres by 2025.' (no replies)        
'In Germany, for example, Deutsche Post has started building its own electric vans and will soon start selling them to other companies..'

'The clock may be ticking for petrol and diesel-powered cars, but it's vans, trucks and buses that are driving the electric vehicle revolution on the world's roads.

This week the UK government followed France in announcing it would ban the sale of such vehicles by 2040, while the mayors of Paris, Madrid, Mexico City and Athens plan to banish diesels from their city centres by 2025.

..

In Germany, for example, Deutsche Post has started building its own electric vans and will soon start selling them to other companies. Meanwhile, in the US, the city of Los Angeles plans to make its entire bus fleet emissions-free by 2030.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) believes that keeping global temperature rises below 2C by the end of the century will in part depend on the electrification of some 600 million vehicles worldwide.

..

Frost & Sullivan's Ananth Srinivasan says it it easier for freight fleet owners to justify investment in electric vehicles because "when they look at the cost for miles travelled over, say, two years with an electric van versus one powered by petrol or diesel", the financial benefits are obvious.'

- Chris Baraniuk, Electric trucks and vans cut pollution faster than cars, 28 July 2017

Context

Team Solid: Metal Fuels

'..to get rid of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025..' - Britain bans gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040

'..wood burning is the single largest source of hazardous particle pollution during winter, creating even more particle pollution than vehicles and industry.'

          Forty summers ago – July 5, 1977 – grand jury began hearing testimony, piercing, slightly, the ongoing Showalter hit-run cover-up in New London, CT        


Editor’s Note: The Showalter grand jury is noteworthy in that forces for justice – Judge Joseph Dannehy, Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan and as many as 17 Connecticut State Police detectives – could only knock down some of the walls protecting New London Police, State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti, Asst. State’s Attorney Harold Dean, Judge Angelo Santaniello, former Mayor Harvey Mallove and others who escaped complete discovery. The cover-up continues to this day, highlighted by the suppression and disappearance of the grand jury transcripts.




The foundation for investigative reporting in this case was developed by John Peterson, who was managing editor of The Norwich Bulletin during the grand jury. The grand jury began hearing testimony on July 5, 1977
.








Special Prosecutor McGuigan became Chief State’s Attorney, then was fired after convicting appointees of the governor and many other public officials.

---
Chronology, Grand Juror Report, Follow-up Columns
Via
Law And Justice In Everyday Life, CT Law Tribune


F. Lee Bailey on Law and Justice in Everyday Life and the Showalter case:

This book - which is mainly about public officials, police, judges and lawyers either shaming or shining - is a good read. Many of the stories stand alone, like slices of life. Others will appear early in the book, with follow-up chapters later. The crown jewel, in my view, is his handling of the strange death of Kevin Showalter, who was slammed 50 feet down the road in New London, Connecticut on Christmas Eve 1973 while changing a tire on the traffic side of a parked car. For many years, Andy Thibault dogged a case which public officials seemed determined to let die, despite the presence of a likely suspect. He tells me his mentor, John Peterson, broke the case open and then handed over the torch. Joined by the victim's mother, Lucille, who revealed herself as a determined but delightful woman as the story unfolds, Andy beats up on police, prosecutors, judges and governors until finally there is action. Spurred on by an appointment hastened by Gov. Ella Grasso, Judge Joseph Dannehy conducted one of the most brilliant and thorough investigations I have ever seen. If this book were only about the Showalter case, it would be worth the price.

APPENDIX

THE SHOWALTER CHRONOLOGY – A FOUR YEAR SEARCH FOR JUSTICE


New London, Ct.

1973

December 24

Approximately 11:10 to 11:20 p.m. Kevin B. Showalter is killed. Car leaves scene. Only taillights observed by a neighbor.

There is much confusion. Mr. Showalter had been changing a tire on his companion’s car. His companion Debra Emilyta, was sitting about six feet away from the car on a stone wall.

Ms. Emilyta told police she heard a thud, but did not see the car which struck Mr. Showalter. She said she ran across the road, a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street, before seeing Mr. Showalter’s body.

Mr. Showalter’s body was thrown 22 feet from the believed point of impact, onto a sidewalk near a large tree. The police report prepared that night noted the deceased’s shoes were found 110 feet apart. Part of a leg bone was found 75 feet away.

Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Auto Body gives police body putty, apparently from the car which struck Mr. Showalter. The putty never made it to the police station. Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko later denies its existence.

December 25

Autopsy performed. No trace of alcohol or drugs found. Cause of death listed as lacerated liver and broken neck.

In efforts to console Mrs. Showalter, friends, neighbors, witnesses and officials volunteer information about the accident. She quietly listens for about six weeks, taking it for granted that police are acting on the same information. December 26

New London police begin full-scale search for red car.

1974

February 6

FBI report describes paint particles on Mr. Showalter’s clothing as “racing green” or “forest green” used on 1968 Chrysler products.

February 7

Mrs. Showalter notes she had the impression local police were not actively pursuing the case. She began interviewing those persons who came to her voluntarily and made a written record of her findings.

During the next three weeks, Mrs. Showalter spends much of her time making telephone calls and knocking on doors. She and her youngest son Craig, then 14, visited a number of local auto dealers and garages. She said in most cases they were told police had not made any inquiries of them.

February 28

New London police conduct first interview with Harvey N. Mallove, the downtown merchant and former mayor and city councilor. Mallove stated he drove by Pequot Avenue near Plant Street shortly before 11:15 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. Seven people near the accident scene contradict what he said he saw.

April 20

Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. Edmund J. O’Brien, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation into her son’s death. O’Brien never responds.

On the same day, Atty. Thomas Bishop, representing Mrs. Showalter as the administratix of Mr. Showalter’s estate, asks Atty. Joseph Moukawsher to conduct a coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death.

April 23

Moukawsher agrees to conduct inquest but must confer with New London police before setting date.

June 4

Mrs. Showalter writes to New London Police Chief John J. Crowley, asking for a progress report on the investigation by his force. Crowley neither acknowledges receipt of letter nor responds. Copies of letter were sent to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, and Abraham Kirshenbaum, then chairman of the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

June 10

Mrs. Showalter asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a grand jury investigation.

June 24

Santaniello notes Moukawsher has agreed to conduct coroner’s inquest. He tells Mrs. Showalter, “If it appears that during any stage of this proceeding that any further intercession is necessary, appropriate action will be taken at that time.”

July 2

Mrs. Showalter writes to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, asking for a report from his office assessing the police department’s handling of the case. She also asks for a reply to her June 4 letter to Police Chief Crowley.

July 9

Driscoll tells Crowley to prepare a complete report for Mrs. Showalter.

July 10

Bucko completes report on fatal accident.

July 25

Driscoll sends Mrs. Showalter Bucko’s report. The report said Mr. Showalter’s body was in the road, but the ambulance crew which took Mr. Showalter to Lawrence Memorial Hospital said they found him on the sidewalk several feet away. No police officer ever saw the body at the scene since the first officer arrived as the body was being placed in the ambulance.

Bucko says paint particles from a 1968 Plymouth at the U.S. Naval Submarine Base in Groton are similar to those found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing, but the same paint is used on any 1968 Chrysler product.

Bucko also says a piece of metal Mrs. Showalter found near the accident scene is in the detective bureau. When Mrs. Showalter first offered the metal to police, they refused to sign a receipt for it.

August 6

Mrs. Showalter writes to Driscoll regarding Bucko’s report. She lists six pages of comments on allegedly “serious omissions” and “strictly opinion judgments” by Bucko.

Mrs. Showalter also writes to Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley, asking him to send a representative to the coroner’s inquest. She includes copies of correspondence with local officials and Bucko’s report.

August 9

Mrs. Showalter requests a meeting with the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

August 15

Bucko updates report, at request of city manager Driscoll.

Bucko said of the body location, “the position he (Mr. Showalter) was found in at the scene of the accident, in my opinion, would not help in solving this matter.” Erroneous on the report is the position of the car jack which is shown on the front bumper. The car Mr. Showalter was working on, a Ford Pinto, had to be jacked from the side of the vehicle.

Omitted from the report is the location of a car mat seen to the rear of the car and the spare tire Mr. Showalter never got to put on the car.

August 20

Gormley writes to Mrs. Showalter, telling her the local police investigation “has proceeded smoothly,” and there is “no reason for this office to initiate its own investigation.”

August 28

The Public Safety Committee of the New London City Council meets in closed session for one hour to discuss the hit-run death. Chief Crowley requested the closed session. He said there is evidence that could jeopardize future action.

Mrs. Showalter submitted a 12-page statement for the meeting, but did not attend.

Crowley said the case is not closed and it appears an arrest may be made.

August 31

Mallove submits official statement to New London police.

November, 1974

After being postponed several times, the coroner’s inquest hears testimony from 50 persons. No findings issued.

1975

January 24

A state police detective participating in the federal grand jury probe of the city police department has told one of its patrolmen they identified the driver of the car which struck and killed Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve, 1973.

“We know who killed the Showalter kid, how come you don’t?” the detective was quoted in The Norwich Bulletin as saying.

March 19-22

The Bulletin, in a four-part series, shows:

- Eyewitnesses and what New London police called “near witnesses” drastically differed in their accounts of the accident.

- Microscopic paint particles found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing on which police based their search may not have been left by the vehicle which struck him.

- Evidence entrusted to police officers at the scene has never been seen since.

- A claim by police that it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles possible involved in the mishap was declared false by the state Motor Vehicle Department.

The Bulletin, when preparing the series of articles, made repeated efforts to discuss the case with police officials but Lt. K.T. Bucko, who headed the case, on the advice of then Police Chief John Crowley, would not.

April 3 State police conduct an extensive door-to-door inquiry in the Pequot Avenue region. State police have been looking into the case as part of a federal grand jury investigation into alleged corruption within the city force.

July 12

The state of Connecticut offers a $2,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person responsible for the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter. A total of $3,000 is now being offered. Classmates and friends of Mr. Showalter’s have already collected $1,000.

July 21

A community effort by friends and classmates raises the reward to $5,000.

November 8

The transcript of the coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death conducted nearly a year ago has yet to be typed, Coroner Joseph Moukawsher confirms. He said he wants to review the transcript even though he believes his six-day long inquest did not establish any guilt in the case. He said he has not spoken with the court reporter assigned to the case since the early summer.

December 10

Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation. No response.

1976

January 6

Satti refuses to confirm or deny the existence of Mrs. Showalter’s request. Mrs. Showalter has also asked Satti’s office to ascertain the location of recorded tapes made during the coroner’s inquest.

January 9

Mrs. Showalter sends a special delivery letter to Satti asking for a response to the December 10 request. No response.

February 19

In a feature article, also carried statewide by the Associated Press, The Bulletin profiles Mrs. Showalter on page one.

Some public officials regard her as a persistent nuisance, someone to be ignored and sidestepped, but Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter will not breathe easily until they tell her who killed her son, Bulletin reporter Fred Vollono wrote.

“The official comment seems to be there is nothing to it,” Mrs. Showalter said. “It is just the ramblings of a grief-stricken mother. But there are many people who urge me to go on. They say, ‘Lucille, if you stop, then nothing will ever be done.’”

February 23

Mrs. Showalter receives a letter of confession from an inmate at Somers state prison. The inmate said he was plagued by news accounts of the death. Every time he seems to forget the accident, the inmate said, he reads another news story.

April 2

Mrs. Showalter submits a third written request to Satti for a grand-jury probe. No response.

May 6

Common Pleas court Prosecutor Harold Dean quashes the only lead in the two and a half year old investigation, The Norwich Bulletin reports. The lead was the letter of confession written by the inmate at Somers Prison. State police arrested the inmate for harassment of the victim’s mother, Mrs. Showalter, to whom the letter was sent. Dean nolled the case and allowed it to be dismissed despite a prior meeting with state police when the significance of the arrest was discussed.

State police did not believe the letter writer was responsible for the hit-run death, but they thought the letter contained possibly significant information. Dean said he was certain the accused had no knowledge of the case, because he was incarcerated when Mr. Showalter was killed.

August 7 The day following the Bulletin’s report of Dean quashing the lead, Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley says he had “no idea” why the lead “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. Two state police officers had met with Gormley to discuss the letter of confession.

August 6

State police list the investigation into the killing of Mr. Showalter as “closed pending further development.” That classification came 31 days after Dean threw the harassment case out of court.

August 30

Mrs. Showalter again asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a one-man grand jury probe.

September 1

Mrs. Showalter publicly renews her efforts to have a one-man grand jury reopen the investigation into the hit-run killing of her son. In a statement sent to 22 media outlets, Mrs. Showalter says she made the appeal in an August 30 letter to Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello. She says she was asking the judge to “make good on a promise” he made to her in June 1974. Santaniello wrote in a June 24, 1974 letter, Superior Court intercession would be possible if the investigation required it.

Santaniello said, “probably the proper person” to approach would be State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti. But Mrs. Showalter said she is ignoring Satti because he failed to respond to her December 1975 letter asking for the grand jury.

September 23

State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti says he needs another three weeks to review information on the killing of Mr. Showalter before deciding whether the investigation should be reopened or shelved.

Satti says he had hoped to have the matter resolved by today, but the sinking of his 35-foot cabin cruiser two weeks ago, an unexpected report of crimes by New London police, and a new trial forced him behind schedule.

November 23

Mrs. Showalter turns to Governor Ella T. Grasso for help.

“I cannot endure this loss of a beloved son in the midst of a governmental system that appears to neither act nor care,” Mrs. Showalter says in a letter to the governor.

Mrs. Showalter says she is skeptical the New London County State’s Attorney’s review of the case will result in the one-man grand jury she has requested. Satti today said he is still reviewing transcripts of the Coroner’s Inquest and refused further comment.

December 21

Just three days before the third anniversary of the killing of Kevin B. Showalter, the state’s chief court administrator orders the city’s only unsolved hit-and-run case reopened.

John P. Cotter signs an order creating a one-man jury to probe the death, renewing hopes that allegations of police bungling and mishandling of the case will be settled.

“I can’t yet believe it,” says Mrs. Showalter, calling the action a “literal miracle.”

Cotter, a justice on the state Supreme Court, selects retired Superior Court Judge Raymond J. Devlin to head the one-man grand jury.

An attorney representing Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter also files a $600,000 lawsuit against the unnamed person(s) responsible for the killing of her son. Atty. Averum J. Sprecher of East Haddam says the suit is aimed at protecting Mrs. Showalter’s rights.

“The action as I have filed it will definitively preserve her rights when the investigative bodies finally determine who killed the boy,” he said. The suit is aimed at heading off fears the state’s statute of limitations might preclude Mrs. Showalter from pursuing civil action if the killer is found.

December 24

Superior Court Judge Joseph F. Dannehy is ordered to replace State Referee Raymond J. Devlin as the one-man grand juror investigating Mr. Showalter’s death. Chief Court Administrator John P. Cotter says Judge Devlin had asked to be taken off the case because he was too busy with other duties, and would be unable to commute from his New Haven office.

1977

January 4

Austin J. McGuigan, the special prosecutor assigned to the one-man grand jury probing the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter promises to pull “all the stops” in his investigation but says he needs help from the public to succeed.

McGuigan has worked for the state for two years as the top investigator of organized crime. He appeals to anyone with information to call him confidentially.

February 8

State Police Commissioner Edward P. Leonard, as part of a last-resort effort, makes a personal appeal to area residents for information about the killing of Mr. Showalter. In a letter to the people who live near the Pequot Avenue site where Mr. Showalter died, Leonard asks for facts – “No matter how insignificant they may appear” – which might shed light on the car, the driver or the accident scene.

Special Prosecutor McGuigan says police “had no suspects.” However, he says if a suspect is found police believe there is sufficient evidence to tie the person to the case.

April 18

Investigators say they feel confident the Showalter case will be solved.

The new optimism comes after a public appeal netted more than 300 leads, new laboratory analysis of existing evidence, and an accounting of each of the more than 10,000 green Chrysler products registered in Eastern Connecticut when Mr. Showalter was killed.

The new evidence means “there is a significant possibility the vehicle in question was not a green Chrysler,” Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan says. While the investigators will not say what other color the car might have been, the evidence apparently opens new avenues for the investigation. Previously, other theories on who drove the death car, theories which have had some substantiation, were locked into the green Chrysler theory, police acknowledge.

May 10

State police investigators spend two and a half hours recreating and filming the Pequot Avenue death scene where Mr. Showalter was the victim of the hit and run.

May 18

State police again film and re-create death scene.

June 22

The Bulletin reports that one of the most intensive investigations in state police history, the probe into Mr. Showalter’s hit-run death, will be given to a one-man grand jury July 5 in Windham county Superior Court.

Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror, imposes a gag order on all investigators assigned to the case. Special Prosecutor McGuigan and 17 state police detectives had gathered evidence for the grand jury.

June 23

More than 50 persons will be subpoenaed and the scope of the probe will be expanded to include subsequent actions connected with the accident, The Bulletin reports.

June 24

Eleven New London police officers, including the top detective involved in the first of three investigations of the hit-run death, have been subpoenaed, The Bulletin reports.

July 5

The grand jury begins behind closed doors with testimony by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

Outside, a television camera crew drips with sweat under the glare of a hot summer sun.

Inside it is quiet and cool – almost like any other day. The state police detectives and reporters talk about golf, baseball and other summertime activities. Because of the gag order imposed by Judge Dannehy, they can’t talk about what is most on their minds, what has brought them all together – the unsolved hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.

The session lasts about five hours and also includes testimony by Mrs. Showalter and Debra Emilyta, Mr. Showalter’s companion the night he died.

Ms. Emilyta has been sitting on a wall about 6 feet from Mr. Showalter when he was killed. She told police she only heard the 20-year-old Mitchell College student struck, and did not see the car which struck him.

July 6

Witnesses include Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Arco in New London. What he identified as body putty, apparently from the car that struck and killed Mr. Showalter, has never been seen since police officers placed it in an envelope that night, according to sources.

Ms. Emilyta concludes testimony.

Also testifying are Dr. Robert Weller, members of his family, and a friend, who while returning home from church drove past Mr. Showalter as he was changing the tire. They were among the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

Other witnesses include Mrs. Ruth P. Hendel and Mrs. Charles (Shirley Pope) Alloway, her daughter.

On Christmas Eve, 1973, Mrs. Hendel had just turned away from the window of her home on Pequot Avenue where she had been watching Mr. Showalter work on the Emilyta car. She heard the noise of the car striking Mr. Showalter and turning back quickly she caught a glimpse of the taillights. Her first impression of the fleeing southbound car was that it was bright-colored, possibly red.

Mrs. Hendel continued to watch the accident scene as she telephoned Mrs. Alloway, the wife of a New London police officer.

Arthur Adams of New London, a Mitchell College security guard and former state policeman, also testifies. Aside from Ms. Emilyta and the hit-run driver, Adams may have been one of the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

Adams saw Mr. Showalter working on the car and Ms. Emilyta sitting on the stone wall, swinging her legs. He observed the girl with a coat collar wrapped around her head, in conversation with Mr. Showalter, after the Weller party had driven by.

Adams continued on his rounds towards the Montauk Avenue side of the campus. Sometime after 11 p.m., he saw an ambulance heading for the hospital and two police cars heading down Plant Street.

July 7

Some of the last persons who saw Mr. Showalter alive and one of the first who saw him dead testify.

Six members of the Sitty family, who were celebrating Christmas Eve and occasionally watching Mr. Showalter change a tire from inside a house on Pequot Avenue, tell the grand jury what they knew about the case, Edmond Sitty had brought out a blanket and a corduroy coat to put over Mr. Showalter’s body after he had been struck and killed.

A New London High School classmate of Mr. Showalter, Arthur Petrini, was a passenger in a car that passed the accident scene sometime after Mr. Showalter was killed and before the ambulance and police arrived. He also testified.

July 12

Witnesses included two firemen and a dispatcher, two nurses and an orderly, the New London County Medical Examiner, the first man to officially identify Mr. Showalter, and a woman who lives near the accident scene.

Larry Grimes, a security guard who knew Mr. Showalter from Mitchell College, had made the preliminary identification at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, where he also worked. Mrs. Dorothy Bryson of Pequot Avenue, who came upon the accident scene, also testifies.

July 13

New London police officers pack the waiting room of the Windham County Courthouse. Of the 11 who were subpoenaed last month, at least seven are present.

The 11 include Patrolmen Vincent McGrath, Steven Colonis, Thomas P. Bowes Jr., and Cpl. Joseph Chiapponne, all of whom were involved in the initial investigation. With the change of shift, Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, Patrolmen Richard West and Glenn Davis and Det. Sgt. Konstanty T. Bucko joined the probe. Bucko was off duty at the time.

McGrath filed the motor vehicle report of the accident and the sketch on the report was by Bowes. Bucko took photographs of the scene and gathered evidence. His photographs may be the only ones taken. Bucko also went to the hospital and got the victim’s clothing, according to sources.

Colonis, the first officer on the scene, apparently arrived as Mr. Showalter was being placed in the ambulance. He interviewed Ms. Emilyta and took her to the station to file a 13-sentence statement.

There is some confusion of whether Colonis drove an unmarked police car that night. Sources say police made conflicting statements on that question.

July 14

Thomas Wainwright, who played tennis with Kevin Showalter at New London High, saw his lifeless body on a sidewalk on Pequot Avenue before an ambulance or police arrived, and is among those testifying today. Arthur Petrini, who testified last week, was a passenger in Wainwright’s car.

Mr. and Mrs. Donald Wainwright, who were stopped by police after circling the scene in another auto, also testify.

At least seven New London police officers are at the courthouse, but it is not known how many are testifying.

July 19

The grand jury shifts beyond reconstructions by “near witnesses,” as Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, now retired, testifies. He was the squad leader who reportedly conducted “an intensive investigation” for a red car during the 11:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. shift on Christmas Day 1973.

July 20

The grand jury investigators spend much of the day alone reviewing physical evidence and testimony. Only three witnesses – New London police who have already appeared during the proceedings – are present.

July 21

Det. Bucko appears for at least the fourth time in the nine days the grand jury has convened. The session begins at 10 a.m. and ends about 5:45 p.m., with his departure.

A nurse’s aide who knelt by Mr. Showalter’s body, feeling for a pulse, also testifies, Sue Costello, who heard the report of an accident as she was leaving Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals in New London from her shift, had arrived on the scene before ambulance personnel and police.

July 26

The scope of the grand jury probe goes beyond Mr. Showlater’s death and runs smack into a crucial area of dispute with the appearance of New London police detective Walter Petchark.

On Christmas Day 1973, with evidence already missing and news of Mr. Showalter’s death on the radio, Petchark reportedly received a call from former mayor Harvey N. Mallove. Mallove later told The Bulletin there was no truth to the report. But he allegedly told Petchark he thought he saw the accident the night before.

Three city police detectives – Bucko, Petchark, and Carmello Fazzina – were present at the inquiry. They were followed by laboratory technicians from the FBI, who lent their expertise in the analysis of headlight glass possibly belonging to the death vehicle.

July 27

The former counsel for the estate of Mr. Showalter testifies. Atty. Thomas Bishop confirms his representation of the estate was severed in June 1974.

Thomas and Donald Wainwright return for further testimony.

July 28

Witnesses include Mrs. S.F. Zimet of Ledyard. Mallove said he was visiting at her home on Christmas Eve 1973, left about 10:45 p.m., and was home in New London about half an hour later.

Mrs. Zimet is accompanied by her attorney, L. Patrick Gray. Gray, like Bishop, is a member of the New London law firm Suissman, Shapiro, Wool, and Brennan.

Other witnesses include New London city Manager C. Francis Driscoll and Elise Mallove, Mallove’s daughter. Miss Mallove was home for her Christmas vacation in 1973.

The grand jury begins a four-week recess. More than 50 persons were called during the first 12 days of the inquiry.

August 30

New London police investigators and a newspaper editor who has followed their unsolved hit-run death case for three years are among the witnesses.

Retired Police Chief John Crowley and Det. Lt. K.T. Bucko, who refused repeated pleas by The Bulletin in March of 1975 to discuss the death of Kevin B. Showalter, gives testimony – as did the paper’s managing editor, John C. Peterson.

Peterson testifies for three hours.

August 31

The attorney who conducted a coroner’s inquest into Mr. Showalter’s death, the results of which have never met public scrutiny, is the first witness today. Atty. Joseph Moukwasher, who heard testimony from 50 witnesses during six days in September and November of 1974, is one of the few persons familiar with the substance of that investigation.

It took more than two years for the transcripts of the hearings to be typed and submitted to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti.

State Police Sgt. Donald Crouch, who in 1974 and 1975 worked for the federal grand jury investigating alleged corruption in the New London force, also testifies. Other witnesses included Rosemary Benson and Carol James.

September 1

Physical exhibits appear to outnumber witnesses in the 15th day of proceedings. Two state police technicians from the crime lab in Bethany carry satchels concealing evidence into the closed courtroom. One exhibit is a light colored automobile fender, which was dented and streaked.

September 2

Det. Edward Pickett of the New London County State’s Attorney’s office, who helped administer a lie detector test to Ms. Emilyta, testifies. Ms. Emilyta passed the test.

Another detective, private investigator Joe Harris, is also called. A former Waterford police sergeant, he worked on the case for a brief time, on his own.

Other witnesses in a short session include State Police Sgt. Charles Trotter, a principal investigator in the federal grand jury probe of the New London city police.

September 12

Two persons who saw Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve 1973, hours before he was killed testify.

Ramona Ricci, a coworker of Mr. Showalter’s at a Waterford discotheque, attended one of two parties Mr. Showalter had planned to go to after work that night. Nancy Wicksham, who also testified, had joined friends that holiday evening at the club.

September 18

Mallove says his status as a suspect in the case is “nothing new.” During testimony in a New Jersey courtroom, Connecticut State Police revealed Mallove is a prime suspect in the hit-run case. The testimony concerned refusal by two New Jersey men to comply with a subpoena issued by the one-man grand jury. Trooper Charles Wargat also testified he was told the two men repaired Mallove’s car on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day 1973.

Mallove tells The Bulletin he did not know the men and never had a car repaired at their shop on Reed Street in New London. He says he didn’t kill Mr. Showalter and doesn’t know anything about anybody who did.

September 19

One of the two men who testified with immunity today has said in a published account he has no knowledge of the case and denied any car was repaired in his New London shop on Christmas Eve 1973.

Walter String Jr. made those comments in the New Jersey Courier Post. He and his son, Walter String III, had been ordered to appear today by a New Jersey judge, after refusing to comply with a subpoena.

Among the dozen or so witnesses are New London city police Sgt. Donald Sloan and Cpl. Charles Alloway. They took the first full statement from Ms. Emilyta, five days after the accident.

September 26

Darlene Barnes, a friend of Mr. Showalter who patronized the Waterford discotheque where he worked, is among the witnesses today. Ms. Barnes was also one of the 50 witnesses during the coroner’s inquest of 1974.

October 3

Larry Grimes testifies again. The Mitchell College security guard who made the first identification of Mr. Showalter at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, was also at the courthouse on July 12, and Sept. 26.

The grand jury will be in recess until October 17. It has convened 20 times since July 5 and heard about 90 witnesses.

October 11

Judge Dannehy says published reports that Mallove is a prime suspect in the case “couldn’t bother me in the least.”

“They (the newspapers) are free to speculate if they wish,” Dannehy says. “I am not concerned with their claimed right to freedom of expression.

I think that sometimes their attitude is to publish and be damned, but they don’t bother me.”

“Why don’t you wait” for the grand jury report? Dannehy asked.

October 17

The sales manager of a New London auto firm who said he has sold a number of cars to the family of a suspect in the hit-run case testifies.

In 1970, Peter Emmanuel Sr. of New London Motors sold a Lincoln Continental to Harvey N. Mallove, whom state police have identified as a suspect in the Christmas Eve, 1973 death. A compact car was among the other autos the New London firm sold to Mallove.

State police were looking for a green Chrysler product when they first questioned New London motors personnel, Emmanuel said before he testified. But the firm didn’t sell Mallove such a vehicle, which police had believed was the death car, he added.

October 24

The grand jury does not convene today because the investigators were not ready to proceed, Judge Dannehy said. He said he plans to conduct several more sessions before adjourning to write the final report, but did not specify.

November 14

The grand jury meets for its first regular session since October 17 and hears one witness. The witness, Gary Jordan of New London, said he was dating Elise Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973.

Sources say the grand jury conducted at least one special session since October 17, but it was not known who testified.

November 21

State police continue working long and irregular hours probing Mr. Showalter’s death as they re-create the hit-run scene on Pequot Avenue near Plant Street for at least the third time.

November 29

The man whom state police have said they consider a prime suspect in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death has his day in court.

Harvey N. Mallove testifies for about four hours before the secret grand jury probing Mr. Showalter’s death. Atty. Leo J. McNamara accompanies Mallove to the Windham County Courthouse.

Mallove says he was one of a number of persons who drove by the accident scene shortly before or after Mr. Showalter was killed. But a four-part series by The Bulletin in March of 1975 showed Mallove saw a scene that seven other persons said could not have taken place.

Mallove passed the accident scene within a minute or two after an ambulance call was logged. His statement to New London police – dated eight months later – conflicts with accounts of seven persons at the scene or looking out their windows seconds after Mr. Showalter was struck.

Mr. Showalter was struck by a car as he changed a tire on a friend’s parked Ford Pinto, on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street.

In his statement, Mallove said he saw an automobile parked at an angle in front of the Pinto. None of the seven persons saw any car stopped at the scene immediately after the victim was hit according to the July 10, 1974 report by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

Mallove’s vivid description of a middle-aged man talking with a girl near the car also conflicts with statements by the seven persons.

In his statement, Mallove said he assumed the man was a member of the police department. But Bucko claims in the July 10 report that Mallove told him the talking to the girl was “NOT” a policeman.

Bucko’s report also claims Mallove learned on Christmas Day 1974 that “a man had been killed and he remarked to some people that he saw the body.” But Bucko continued to report that after Mallove viewed photographs of the scene he realized what he mistook for a body was a floor mat. In his statement, Mallove said he saw a “flat object which I assumed was a blanket or a mat.”

In his August 31, 1974 statement, Mallove said, “Seeing no trouble, accident, or any evidence of anything out of place…I continued on my way home.”

In the July 10, 1974 report, Bucko claims; “Mr. Mallove stated he was going to stop because he realized there had been an accident.”

Mallove has told The Bulletin that Bucko misquoted him.

December 7

The calling of witnesses ends with Mallove’s second appearance.

The proceedings included a film screening, apparently of the death scene as re-created by state police.

After the 35 minute screening, Special Prosecutor McGuigan and Judge Dannehy questioned Mallove for about 40 minutes. That was the bulk of the afternoon session.

The question of whether indictments should be handed down in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death now rests with Judge Dannehy.

After 24 sessions and more than 100 witnesses, Dannehy said the next step for the grand jury is the final report on who killed Kevin B. Saltwater.

1978

Feb. 17 Report filed.

Feb. 22

Report made public.

  • THE DANNEHY REPORT


  • SHOWALTER COVERUP COLUMNS

    Chapter 1

    Law and Justice in Everyday Life

    Cover-Up In New London

    Hit-And-Run Continues To Mock Justice


    Sept. 4, 2000

    If Connecticut Chief State’s Attorney John Bailey wants to bring closure to cold cases, here’s one from New London that should top the list: The Showalter hit-and-run cover-up is a dark chapter in Connecticut history, a tale more appropriate for a Third World country.

    And yet, only one thing bothers former New London County State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti about the Showalter case: that it was investigated at all.

    Satti, now retired, made the point again and again, most recently this year. Satti’s complaint, made during the wake of the late state police Detective George Ryalls, was that Ryalls’ obituary mentioned the suspect the prosecutor refused to pursue in the Showalter probe.

    Kevin B. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, was killed at 11:12 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. He was changing a tire on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue on the New London shoreline when he was struck and killed. His girlfriend, sitting only 6 feet away on a stone wall, claims she saw nothing.

    Auto body putty from the death car disappeared after a tow truck driver gave it to New London police. The evidence file that was supposed to contain the putty was stuffed with bathroom tiles. The file that was supposed to contain headlight glass from the death car instead contained glass from three different headlights. State police and others suspected that, in order to throw legitimate investigators off the trail, the late young man's clothing was pounded on a different-colored car than the one that killed him.

    The victim's mother, Lucille M. Showalter, tried to get a grand jury investigation of the cover-up. She was rebuffed repeatedly by the presiding judge, Angelo Santaniello who, it later became clear, was best friends with the leading suspect. Santaniello then referred Showalter to prosecutor Satti, who happened to be his former law partner. Satti refused to acknowledge registered letters from Mrs. Showalter pleading for a grand jury probe.

    Satti did finally meet with Mrs. Showalter in 1978, after Judge Joseph Dannehy of Willimantic, acting as a one-man grand jury, named former New London Mayor Harvey N. Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle. Satti called the three-hour meeting, in which he repeatedly told Mrs. Showalter that there never should have been a grand jury investigation under Dannehy.

    Mallove held a good hand; he had the best legal muscle in New London County on his side. New London police would not question him for more than seven months, and then only in a perfunctory manner. They would say they inspected his cars, but they did not. Significantly, Mallove’s Lincoln had been repaired, but it wasn’t until state police took over the case four years after the accident that the fender was finally seized.

    Santaniello would arrange for a coroner’s inquest and put his niece in charge of typing the transcript. Only after two years of intense public pressure would the transcript be typed. But the inquest never issued a finding.

    Santaniello tipped off Mallove that he was a suspect. The judge was also aware of what local police knew about the case. Mrs. Showalter memorialized the admissions in tape-recorded telephone conversations.

    “I did talk to Harvey,” Santaniello told Mrs. Showalter on Oct. 17, 1975, “and I said, `You’re suspected.’ As a matter of fact, at that time a police officer came to him on the same day or the next day, and told him you were making accusations about him and that he was a prime suspect.” The day before, Mallove told Mrs. Showalter, “Judge Santaniello is of the opinion that you fingered me.”

    It was not until 1977 that state police, who took over the case at the behest of former Gov. Ella Grasso, formally named Mallove a suspect. Next week, I'll propose a means to solve the Showalter cover-up.

    Showalter Cover-Up Is New London's Shame

    Sept. 11, 2000

    New London, where I grew up and began working in the 1960s and ‘70s, was a dirty little city with character.

    It had a restaurant called the Hygienic that was everything but. There were at least a couple bars where the cops couldn't do anything, except maybe a little business.

    The top pimp in town never went to jail until he was about 60 and a certain court official retired.

    New London will always be the city that tried to cover up the Christmas Eve 1973 hit-and-run death of Kevin B. Showalter. It's been doing a pretty good job for nearly 27 years, but the onion is beginning to peel.

    The local daily newspaper admitted -- in its official history published this year -- that it did a shoddy job on the Showalter case. Specifically, The Day admitted its failure to explore the relationship between a former mayor and a top judge, and their influence on the course of the criminal investigation. That’s a beginning.

    Political and police corruption goes back a couple generations in New London. By the 1970s, New London police were widely known to be involved in the selling of women, dope and refrigerators, among other things. A federal grand jury took note. But as with the Showalter case, there were these little problems with the evidence.

    A jewelry store owner and former city mayor multi-millionaire Harvey Mallove was the prime suspect in the hit-and-run death of Showalter, a student at Mitchell College. Showalter’s date that night, Christmas Eve 1973, said she saw nothing from her vantage point six feet away, sitting on a stone wall under a streetlight on a residential street as a young man changed the tire of her car.

    Harvey was everybody’s pal. He would take kids to the Super Bowl, then, down the road, get them jobs as cops. He was friends with bums in the street and bums in high political office. He was wired. The standing joke among reporters became: Harvey's a great guy to have a beer with, just don't change your tire if he's driving by.

    “I didn't kill the kid in any way, shape or form,” Harvey told me many times. As mayor, Harvey helped hire a few police chiefs. His best friend was the administrative judge for the county; that was the judge who controlled the early stages of the investigation, specifically a coroner’s inquest that never issued a finding.

    State police followed up a report that Mallove’s best friend, County Administrative Judge Angelo G. Santaniello, was with Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973. Santaniello reportedly was No. 11 on a guest list for a party at the home of his political mentor, the late state Sen. Peter Mariani. The Mariani party was one of two Mallove attended that night.

    Santaniello told reporters he never went out on Christmas Eve.

    Another state judge, Joseph F. Dannehy, conducted two grand jury investigations. In 1978, Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle, but said evidence that might have ensured conviction was either mishandled or destroyed.

    Mallove died a few years ago with this legacy. Others still have time to come clean and tell the truth about the cover-up. Mrs. Showalter tried unsuccessfully to have Satti, Santaniello and others prosecuted for hindrance of prosecution (CGS Section 53a-166) warning of impending discovery, providing means of avoiding discovery, preventing discovery by deception. Because a conspiracy to hinder prosecution is an ongoing crime, those with information could tell Chief State's Attorney John Bailey, who has begun an initiative to solve some of the state's cold homicide cases.

    Isn’t it time? No one kept the system honest when it counted, though some tried. Most stood by as the system that was supposed to protect the victim and his family betrayed them all.

    Where is the conscience of the community?

    Cold Case On Ice Forever

    Nov. 6, 2000

    One way to deflect attention from a suspect is to get investigators involved in meaningless, time-consuming tasks. Another way is to create a bogus suspect who is then exposed as such, causing a belief that the case is just too hazy to pursue.

    Both of these devices were used repeatedly in the cover-up of the Showalter hit-run case in New London. Whether this was happenstance, indifference, incompetence or malfeasance, the result was the same. The system failed.

    And now, it seems, the truth will remain buried forever.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror who investigated the case, wrote in his finding of fact: “After December 25, 1973, the New London Police Department did virtually nothing to solve the hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.” The accident occurred the night before.

    Local police and court officials, however, were pro-active in another sense. Their actions served to protect the assailant.

    For example, New London police claimed it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles using data from the state Motor Vehicle Department. The motor vehicle department declared there was no such charge.

    Nevertheless, New London police spent their time hand-sorting local motor vehicle cards. They looked for a green Chrysler. That was likely a false lead; state police said paint particles found on the victim's clothing did not come from the car that killed him.

    Former Mayor Harvey Mallove began meeting informally with police and court officials as early as Dec. 25, 1973. Mallove wanted to know what the police knew.

    The only lead after two and a half years was quashed by then New London Common Pleas Court Prosecutor Harold Dean in May 1976. The lead was a letter of confession written by a Somers prison inmate to the victim’s mother, Lucille Showalter.

    “I told Harold how important that was to me,” Mallove, the prime suspect, confided to an associate. He also acknowledged discussing the purported confession with his best friend, the presiding judge for the county, Angelo Santaniello.

    The author of the letter was known to be connected with “fences,” or purveyors of stolen goods in the New London area. State police arrested him for harassment of Mrs. Showalter. Two state troopers met with Dean for an hour. They told him the letter contained possibly significant information. State police also believed they could connect the dots in New London between the letter writer and the powers-that-be. Did he owe some favors? Was he paid? Police knew the author had no liability for the accident; he was actually in Florida at the time of the hit-run.

    Dean nolled and dismissed the case without telling the troopers or Mallove. Soon thereafter, state police listed the killing of Showalter as “closed pending further development.” Upon learning of Dean's action, Chief State's Attorney Joseph Gormley remarked he had “no idea” why the lead, “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. The case would remain closed for six months, until Gov. Ella Grasso brought the matter to Justice John Cotter.

    Was there criminal activity connected with the Showalter cover-up? It appears we will never know for certain. Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver, noting that evidence which might have ensured conviction was destroyed. The Chief State’s Attorney’s Office reviewed aspects of the case this fall after a series of columns appeared in The Law Tribune. However, the statute of limitations for the most likely potential charge, conspiracy to hinder prosecution of motor vehicle misconduct, has expired. This shameful case, it appears, is destined to stay on ice forever.

    - AND:

    Olympic Gold for Missing Evidence


    November 28, 2005

    Judge Ellen Gordon was in way over her head with what she tried pass off as a ruling in Day Publishing v. State's Attorney.

    Clueless Gordon was handed a hot one, a case no one has ever wanted in the so-called New London Judicial District. Every single time this case has come to court, begging for justice, The Robes, the prosecutors and their minions have either desecrated their oaths or looked the other way. Clueless Gordon, fairly new to the scene, has managed to join the list of those who are both ostriches and failures.

    The Day newspaper asked Gordon this year to release the grand jury testimony regarding the cover-up of the 1973 hit-run death of Kevin Showalter. Before Gordon probably ever heard of Showalter, five New London County judges recused themselves from a John Doe civil suit against the driver because they were friends with the prime suspect, Harvey Mallove. Mallove -- the late mayor of New London and multimillionaire jeweler who picked police chiefs, planned to run for Congress and starred in the social scene -- was prone to say, "I never killed the kid -- in any way, shape or form."

    It's not like we could expect a New London judge to show guts or brains in this case. Compelling testimony from the first of two grand juries implicated local law enforcement and court officials in a widespread cover-up.

    On Christmas Eve 1973 at 11:12 p.m., as the call came in, a high-ranking New London officer, said, "F--k him, he's dead," and then left to go home. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, lay dead on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue by the shoreline. His body was thrown 22 feet from the point of impact. His shoes were found 110 feet apart. A leg bone was 75 feet away.

    A tow truck driver gave police auto body putty from the death car. The putty was never seen again. New London police mixed headlight glass from at least three different cars in what they called the evidence file. Replacing the auto body putty was bathroom tile. A local coroner's inquest never issued a finding. State police, who took over the case at the behest of Gov. Ella Grasso, were bewildered and angry when they could not find the transcript of the coroner's inquest. Mallove's best friend -- the presiding judge for the county, Angelo G. Santaniello -- had put his niece in charge of typing that transcript. Santaniello also tipped off Mallove to his status as a suspect.

    Now, Clueless Gordon can't find the 3,000-page transcript of the first grand jury. Does she care? Court clerks allegedly performed a diligent search. Would any reasonable person believe or accept any of this?

    Among the last persons known to possess the grand jury report was the late State's Attorney, C. Robert Satti. Satti, who refused to investigate the case before a special prosecutor was appointed, claimed he returned a copy to the grand juror, then Willimantic Superior Court Judge (later Supreme Court Justice) Joseph Dannehy. Both Dannehy and Satti are dead. Did "Do Nothing Bob" -- Mallove's moniker for Satti -- take it with him? We might as well ask Harvey, also dead, or Kevin.

    Gordon's pathetic decision, dated Nov. 7, went on for about a sentence before its first fatal error. It might sound like a technical error, but it's much, much more than that. She actually said New London police investigated the case.

    Before this, I thought it might take generations to remove the stench from the New London courthouse. Alas, for New London, the stench of this cover-up is forever.


    Find & Open
    the Showalter File

  • Hartford Courant Editorial








  • more COOL JUSTICE








  •           Hit-and-Run Chronology, Grand Jury Report & Follow-up Columns, Re; Library Discussion 9-22-16        

    Open
    the Showalter File

  • Hartford Courant Editorial




  • Cool Justice Editor's Note:
    This post is primarily for patrons and guests of the Sprague Public Library, who might participate in a discussion on Thursday at 6:30 p.m. A link to announcements of that event is at the very bottom of this post. Thanks for reading, AT.


    Via
    Law And Justice In Everyday Life


    F. Lee Bailey on Law and Justice in Everyday Life and the Showalter case:

    This book - which is mainly about public officials, police, judges and lawyers either shaming or shining - is a good read. Many of the stories stand alone, like slices of life. Others will appear early in the book, with follow-up chapters later. The crown jewel, in my view, is his handling of the strange death of Kevin Showalter, who was slammed 50 feet down the road in New London, Connecticut on Christmas Eve 1973 while changing a tire on the traffic side of a parked car. For many years, Andy Thibault dogged a case which public officials seemed determined to let die, despite the presence of a likely suspect. He tells me his mentor, John Peterson, broke the case open and then handed over the torch. Joined by the victim's mother, Lucille, who revealed herself as a determined but delightful woman as the story unfolds, Andy beats up on police, prosecutors, judges and governors until finally there is action. Spurred on by an appointment hastened by Gov. Ella Grasso, Judge Joseph Dannehy conducted one of the most brilliant and thorough investigations I have ever seen. If this book were only about the Showalter case, it would be worth the price.

    APPENDIX

    THE SHOWALTER CHRONOLOGY – A FOUR YEAR SEARCH FOR JUSTICE


    New London, Ct.

    1973

    December 24

    Approximately 11:10 to 11:20 p.m. Kevin B. Showalter is killed. Car leaves scene. Only taillights observed by a neighbor.

    There is much confusion. Mr. Showalter had been changing a tire on his companion’s car. His companion Debra Emilyta, was sitting about six feet away from the car on a stone wall.

    Ms. Emilyta told police she heard a thud, but did not see the car which struck Mr. Showalter. She said she ran across the road, a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street, before seeing Mr. Showalter’s body.

    Mr. Showalter’s body was thrown 22 feet from the believed point of impact, onto a sidewalk near a large tree. The police report prepared that night noted the deceased’s shoes were found 110 feet apart. Part of a leg bone was found 75 feet away.

    Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Auto Body gives police body putty, apparently from the car which struck Mr. Showalter. The putty never made it to the police station. Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko later denies its existence.

    December 25

    Autopsy performed. No trace of alcohol or drugs found. Cause of death listed as lacerated liver and broken neck.

    In efforts to console Mrs. Showalter, friends, neighbors, witnesses and officials volunteer information about the accident. She quietly listens for about six weeks, taking it for granted that police are acting on the same information. December 26

    New London police begin full-scale search for red car.

    1974

    February 6

    FBI report describes paint particles on Mr. Showalter’s clothing as “racing green” or “forest green” used on 1968 Chrysler products.

    February 7

    Mrs. Showalter notes she had the impression local police were not actively pursuing the case. She began interviewing those persons who came to her voluntarily and made a written record of her findings.

    During the next three weeks, Mrs. Showalter spends much of her time making telephone calls and knocking on doors. She and her youngest son Craig, then 14, visited a number of local auto dealers and garages. She said in most cases they were told police had not made any inquiries of them.

    February 28

    New London police conduct first interview with Harvey N. Mallove, the downtown merchant and former mayor and city councilor. Mallove stated he drove by Pequot Avenue near Plant Street shortly before 11:15 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. Seven people near the accident scene contradict what he said he saw.

    April 20

    Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. Edmund J. O’Brien, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation into her son’s death. O’Brien never responds.

    On the same day, Atty. Thomas Bishop, representing Mrs. Showalter as the administratix of Mr. Showalter’s estate, asks Atty. Joseph Moukawsher to conduct a coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death.

    April 23

    Moukawsher agrees to conduct inquest but must confer with New London police before setting date.

    June 4

    Mrs. Showalter writes to New London Police Chief John J. Crowley, asking for a progress report on the investigation by his force. Crowley neither acknowledges receipt of letter nor responds. Copies of letter were sent to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, and Abraham Kirshenbaum, then chairman of the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

    June 10

    Mrs. Showalter asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a grand jury investigation.

    June 24

    Santaniello notes Moukawsher has agreed to conduct coroner’s inquest. He tells Mrs. Showalter, “If it appears that during any stage of this proceeding that any further intercession is necessary, appropriate action will be taken at that time.”

    July 2

    Mrs. Showalter writes to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, asking for a report from his office assessing the police department’s handling of the case. She also asks for a reply to her June 4 letter to Police Chief Crowley.

    July 9

    Driscoll tells Crowley to prepare a complete report for Mrs. Showalter.

    July 10

    Bucko completes report on fatal accident.

    July 25

    Driscoll sends Mrs. Showalter Bucko’s report. The report said Mr. Showalter’s body was in the road, but the ambulance crew which took Mr. Showalter to Lawrence Memorial Hospital said they found him on the sidewalk several feet away. No police officer ever saw the body at the scene since the first officer arrived as the body was being placed in the ambulance.

    Bucko says paint particles from a 1968 Plymouth at the U.S. Naval Submarine Base in Groton are similar to those found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing, but the same paint is used on any 1968 Chrysler product.

    Bucko also says a piece of metal Mrs. Showalter found near the accident scene is in the detective bureau. When Mrs. Showalter first offered the metal to police, they refused to sign a receipt for it.

    August 6

    Mrs. Showalter writes to Driscoll regarding Bucko’s report. She lists six pages of comments on allegedly “serious omissions” and “strictly opinion judgments” by Bucko.

    Mrs. Showalter also writes to Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley, asking him to send a representative to the coroner’s inquest. She includes copies of correspondence with local officials and Bucko’s report.

    August 9

    Mrs. Showalter requests a meeting with the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

    August 15

    Bucko updates report, at request of city manager Driscoll.

    Bucko said of the body location, “the position he (Mr. Showalter) was found in at the scene of the accident, in my opinion, would not help in solving this matter.” Erroneous on the report is the position of the car jack which is shown on the front bumper. The car Mr. Showalter was working on, a Ford Pinto, had to be jacked from the side of the vehicle.

    Omitted from the report is the location of a car mat seen to the rear of the car and the spare tire Mr. Showalter never got to put on the car.

    August 20

    Gormley writes to Mrs. Showalter, telling her the local police investigation “has proceeded smoothly,” and there is “no reason for this office to initiate its own investigation.”

    August 28

    The Public Safety Committee of the New London City Council meets in closed session for one hour to discuss the hit-run death. Chief Crowley requested the closed session. He said there is evidence that could jeopardize future action.

    Mrs. Showalter submitted a 12-page statement for the meeting, but did not attend.

    Crowley said the case is not closed and it appears an arrest may be made.

    August 31

    Mallove submits official statement to New London police.

    November, 1974

    After being postponed several times, the coroner’s inquest hears testimony from 50 persons. No findings issued.

    1975

    January 24

    A state police detective participating in the federal grand jury probe of the city police department has told one of its patrolmen they identified the driver of the car which struck and killed Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve, 1973.

    “We know who killed the Showalter kid, how come you don’t?” the detective was quoted in The Norwich Bulletin as saying.

    March 19-22

    The Bulletin, in a four-part series, shows:

    - Eyewitnesses and what New London police called “near witnesses” drastically differed in their accounts of the accident.

    - Microscopic paint particles found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing on which police based their search may not have been left by the vehicle which struck him.

    - Evidence entrusted to police officers at the scene has never been seen since.

    - A claim by police that it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles possible involved in the mishap was declared false by the state Motor Vehicle Department.

    The Bulletin, when preparing the series of articles, made repeated efforts to discuss the case with police officials but Lt. K.T. Bucko, who headed the case, on the advice of then Police Chief John Crowley, would not.

    April 3 State police conduct an extensive door-to-door inquiry in the Pequot Avenue region. State police have been looking into the case as part of a federal grand jury investigation into alleged corruption within the city force.

    July 12

    The state of Connecticut offers a $2,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person responsible for the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter. A total of $3,000 is now being offered. Classmates and friends of Mr. Showalter’s have already collected $1,000.

    July 21

    A community effort by friends and classmates raises the reward to $5,000.

    November 8

    The transcript of the coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death conducted nearly a year ago has yet to be typed, Coroner Joseph Moukawsher confirms. He said he wants to review the transcript even though he believes his six-day long inquest did not establish any guilt in the case. He said he has not spoken with the court reporter assigned to the case since the early summer.

    December 10

    Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation. No response.

    1976

    January 6

    Satti refuses to confirm or deny the existence of Mrs. Showalter’s request. Mrs. Showalter has also asked Satti’s office to ascertain the location of recorded tapes made during the coroner’s inquest.

    January 9

    Mrs. Showalter sends a special delivery letter to Satti asking for a response to the December 10 request. No response.

    February 19

    In a feature article, also carried statewide by the Associated Press, The Bulletin profiles Mrs. Showalter on page one.

    Some public officials regard her as a persistent nuisance, someone to be ignored and sidestepped, but Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter will not breathe easily until they tell her who killed her son, Bulletin reporter Fred Vollono wrote.

    “The official comment seems to be there is nothing to it,” Mrs. Showalter said. “It is just the ramblings of a grief-stricken mother. But there are many people who urge me to go on. They say, ‘Lucille, if you stop, then nothing will ever be done.’”

    February 23

    Mrs. Showalter receives a letter of confession from an inmate at Somers state prison. The inmate said he was plagued by news accounts of the death. Every time he seems to forget the accident, the inmate said, he reads another news story.

    April 2

    Mrs. Showalter submits a third written request to Satti for a grand-jury probe. No response.

    May 6

    Common Pleas court Prosecutor Harold Dean quashes the only lead in the two and a half year old investigation, The Norwich Bulletin reports. The lead was the letter of confession written by the inmate at Somers Prison. State police arrested the inmate for harassment of the victim’s mother, Mrs. Showalter, to whom the letter was sent. Dean nolled the case and allowed it to be dismissed despite a prior meeting with state police when the significance of the arrest was discussed.

    State police did not believe the letter writer was responsible for the hit-run death, but they thought the letter contained possibly significant information. Dean said he was certain the accused had no knowledge of the case, because he was incarcerated when Mr. Showalter was killed.

    August 7 The day following the Bulletin’s report of Dean quashing the lead, Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley says he had “no idea” why the lead “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. Two state police officers had met with Gormley to discuss the letter of confession.

    August 6

    State police list the investigation into the killing of Mr. Showalter as “closed pending further development.” That classification came 31 days after Dean threw the harassment case out of court.

    August 30

    Mrs. Showalter again asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a one-man grand jury probe.

    September 1

    Mrs. Showalter publicly renews her efforts to have a one-man grand jury reopen the investigation into the hit-run killing of her son. In a statement sent to 22 media outlets, Mrs. Showalter says she made the appeal in an August 30 letter to Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello. She says she was asking the judge to “make good on a promise” he made to her in June 1974. Santaniello wrote in a June 24, 1974 letter, Superior Court intercession would be possible if the investigation required it.

    Santaniello said, “probably the proper person” to approach would be State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti. But Mrs. Showalter said she is ignoring Satti because he failed to respond to her December 1975 letter asking for the grand jury.

    September 23

    State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti says he needs another three weeks to review information on the killing of Mr. Showalter before deciding whether the investigation should be reopened or shelved.

    Satti says he had hoped to have the matter resolved by today, but the sinking of his 35-foot cabin cruiser two weeks ago, an unexpected report of crimes by New London police, and a new trial forced him behind schedule.

    November 23

    Mrs. Showalter turns to Governor Ella T. Grasso for help.

    “I cannot endure this loss of a beloved son in the midst of a governmental system that appears to neither act nor care,” Mrs. Showalter says in a letter to the governor.

    Mrs. Showalter says she is skeptical the New London County State’s Attorney’s review of the case will result in the one-man grand jury she has requested. Satti today said he is still reviewing transcripts of the Coroner’s Inquest and refused further comment.

    December 21

    Just three days before the third anniversary of the killing of Kevin B. Showalter, the state’s chief court administrator orders the city’s only unsolved hit-and-run case reopened.

    John P. Cotter signs an order creating a one-man jury to probe the death, renewing hopes that allegations of police bungling and mishandling of the case will be settled.

    “I can’t yet believe it,” says Mrs. Showalter, calling the action a “literal miracle.”

    Cotter, a justice on the state Supreme Court, selects retired Superior Court Judge Raymond J. Devlin to head the one-man grand jury.

    An attorney representing Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter also files a $600,000 lawsuit against the unnamed person(s) responsible for the killing of her son. Atty. Averum J. Sprecher of East Haddam says the suit is aimed at protecting Mrs. Showalter’s rights.

    “The action as I have filed it will definitively preserve her rights when the investigative bodies finally determine who killed the boy,” he said. The suit is aimed at heading off fears the state’s statute of limitations might preclude Mrs. Showalter from pursuing civil action if the killer is found.

    December 24

    Superior Court Judge Joseph F. Dannehy is ordered to replace State Referee Raymond J. Devlin as the one-man grand juror investigating Mr. Showalter’s death. Chief Court Administrator John P. Cotter says Judge Devlin had asked to be taken off the case because he was too busy with other duties, and would be unable to commute from his New Haven office.

    1977

    January 4

    Austin J. McGuigan, the special prosecutor assigned to the one-man grand jury probing the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter promises to pull “all the stops” in his investigation but says he needs help from the public to succeed.

    McGuigan has worked for the state for two years as the top investigator of organized crime. He appeals to anyone with information to call him confidentially.

    February 8

    State Police Commissioner Edward P. Leonard, as part of a last-resort effort, makes a personal appeal to area residents for information about the killing of Mr. Showalter. In a letter to the people who live near the Pequot Avenue site where Mr. Showalter died, Leonard asks for facts – “No matter how insignificant they may appear” – which might shed light on the car, the driver or the accident scene.

    Special Prosecutor McGuigan says police “had no suspects.” However, he says if a suspect is found police believe there is sufficient evidence to tie the person to the case.

    April 18

    Investigators say they feel confident the Showalter case will be solved.

    The new optimism comes after a public appeal netted more than 300 leads, new laboratory analysis of existing evidence, and an accounting of each of the more than 10,000 green Chrysler products registered in Eastern Connecticut when Mr. Showalter was killed.

    The new evidence means “there is a significant possibility the vehicle in question was not a green Chrysler,” Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan says. While the investigators will not say what other color the car might have been, the evidence apparently opens new avenues for the investigation. Previously, other theories on who drove the death car, theories which have had some substantiation, were locked into the green Chrysler theory, police acknowledge.

    May 10

    State police investigators spend two and a half hours recreating and filming the Pequot Avenue death scene where Mr. Showalter was the victim of the hit and run.

    May 18

    State police again film and re-create death scene.

    June 22

    The Bulletin reports that one of the most intensive investigations in state police history, the probe into Mr. Showalter’s hit-run death, will be given to a one-man grand jury July 5 in Windham county Superior Court.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror, imposes a gag order on all investigators assigned to the case. Special Prosecutor McGuigan and 17 state police detectives had gathered evidence for the grand jury.

    June 23

    More than 50 persons will be subpoenaed and the scope of the probe will be expanded to include subsequent actions connected with the accident, The Bulletin reports.

    June 24

    Eleven New London police officers, including the top detective involved in the first of three investigations of the hit-run death, have been subpoenaed, The Bulletin reports.

    July 5

    The grand jury begins behind closed doors with testimony by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

    Outside, a television camera crew drips with sweat under the glare of a hot summer sun.

    Inside it is quiet and cool – almost like any other day. The state police detectives and reporters talk about golf, baseball and other summertime activities. Because of the gag order imposed by Judge Dannehy, they can’t talk about what is most on their minds, what has brought them all together – the unsolved hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.

    The session lasts about five hours and also includes testimony by Mrs. Showalter and Debra Emilyta, Mr. Showalter’s companion the night he died.

    Ms. Emilyta has been sitting on a wall about 6 feet from Mr. Showalter when he was killed. She told police she only heard the 20-year-old Mitchell College student struck, and did not see the car which struck him.

    July 6

    Witnesses include Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Arco in New London. What he identified as body putty, apparently from the car that struck and killed Mr. Showalter, has never been seen since police officers placed it in an envelope that night, according to sources.

    Ms. Emilyta concludes testimony.

    Also testifying are Dr. Robert Weller, members of his family, and a friend, who while returning home from church drove past Mr. Showalter as he was changing the tire. They were among the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

    Other witnesses include Mrs. Ruth P. Hendel and Mrs. Charles (Shirley Pope) Alloway, her daughter.

    On Christmas Eve, 1973, Mrs. Hendel had just turned away from the window of her home on Pequot Avenue where she had been watching Mr. Showalter work on the Emilyta car. She heard the noise of the car striking Mr. Showalter and turning back quickly she caught a glimpse of the taillights. Her first impression of the fleeing southbound car was that it was bright-colored, possibly red.

    Mrs. Hendel continued to watch the accident scene as she telephoned Mrs. Alloway, the wife of a New London police officer.

    Arthur Adams of New London, a Mitchell College security guard and former state policeman, also testifies. Aside from Ms. Emilyta and the hit-run driver, Adams may have been one of the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

    Adams saw Mr. Showalter working on the car and Ms. Emilyta sitting on the stone wall, swinging her legs. He observed the girl with a coat collar wrapped around her head, in conversation with Mr. Showalter, after the Weller party had driven by.

    Adams continued on his rounds towards the Montauk Avenue side of the campus. Sometime after 11 p.m., he saw an ambulance heading for the hospital and two police cars heading down Plant Street.

    July 7

    Some of the last persons who saw Mr. Showalter alive and one of the first who saw him dead testify.

    Six members of the Sitty family, who were celebrating Christmas Eve and occasionally watching Mr. Showalter change a tire from inside a house on Pequot Avenue, tell the grand jury what they knew about the case, Edmond Sitty had brought out a blanket and a corduroy coat to put over Mr. Showalter’s body after he had been struck and killed.

    A New London High School classmate of Mr. Showalter, Arthur Petrini, was a passenger in a car that passed the accident scene sometime after Mr. Showalter was killed and before the ambulance and police arrived. He also testified.

    July 12

    Witnesses included two firemen and a dispatcher, two nurses and an orderly, the New London County Medical Examiner, the first man to officially identify Mr. Showalter, and a woman who lives near the accident scene.

    Larry Grimes, a security guard who knew Mr. Showalter from Mitchell College, had made the preliminary identification at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, where he also worked. Mrs. Dorothy Bryson of Pequot Avenue, who came upon the accident scene, also testifies.

    July 13

    New London police officers pack the waiting room of the Windham County Courthouse. Of the 11 who were subpoenaed last month, at least seven are present.

    The 11 include Patrolmen Vincent McGrath, Steven Colonis, Thomas P. Bowes Jr., and Cpl. Joseph Chiapponne, all of whom were involved in the initial investigation. With the change of shift, Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, Patrolmen Richard West and Glenn Davis and Det. Sgt. Konstanty T. Bucko joined the probe. Bucko was off duty at the time.

    McGrath filed the motor vehicle report of the accident and the sketch on the report was by Bowes. Bucko took photographs of the scene and gathered evidence. His photographs may be the only ones taken. Bucko also went to the hospital and got the victim’s clothing, according to sources.

    Colonis, the first officer on the scene, apparently arrived as Mr. Showalter was being placed in the ambulance. He interviewed Ms. Emilyta and took her to the station to file a 13-sentence statement.

    There is some confusion of whether Colonis drove an unmarked police car that night. Sources say police made conflicting statements on that question.

    July 14

    Thomas Wainwright, who played tennis with Kevin Showalter at New London High, saw his lifeless body on a sidewalk on Pequot Avenue before an ambulance or police arrived, and is among those testifying today. Arthur Petrini, who testified last week, was a passenger in Wainwright’s car.

    Mr. and Mrs. Donald Wainwright, who were stopped by police after circling the scene in another auto, also testify.

    At least seven New London police officers are at the courthouse, but it is not known how many are testifying.

    July 19

    The grand jury shifts beyond reconstructions by “near witnesses,” as Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, now retired, testifies. He was the squad leader who reportedly conducted “an intensive investigation” for a red car during the 11:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. shift on Christmas Day 1973.

    July 20

    The grand jury investigators spend much of the day alone reviewing physical evidence and testimony. Only three witnesses – New London police who have already appeared during the proceedings – are present.

    July 21

    Det. Bucko appears for at least the fourth time in the nine days the grand jury has convened. The session begins at 10 a.m. and ends about 5:45 p.m., with his departure.

    A nurse’s aide who knelt by Mr. Showalter’s body, feeling for a pulse, also testifies, Sue Costello, who heard the report of an accident as she was leaving Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals in New London from her shift, had arrived on the scene before ambulance personnel and police.

    July 26

    The scope of the grand jury probe goes beyond Mr. Showlater’s death and runs smack into a crucial area of dispute with the appearance of New London police detective Walter Petchark.

    On Christmas Day 1973, with evidence already missing and news of Mr. Showalter’s death on the radio, Petchark reportedly received a call from former mayor Harvey N. Mallove. Mallove later told The Bulletin there was no truth to the report. But he allegedly told Petchark he thought he saw the accident the night before.

    Three city police detectives – Bucko, Petchark, and Carmello Fazzina – were present at the inquiry. They were followed by laboratory technicians from the FBI, who lent their expertise in the analysis of headlight glass possibly belonging to the death vehicle.

    July 27

    The former counsel for the estate of Mr. Showalter testifies. Atty. Thomas Bishop confirms his representation of the estate was severed in June 1974.

    Thomas and Donald Wainwright return for further testimony.

    July 28

    Witnesses include Mrs. S.F. Zimet of Ledyard. Mallove said he was visiting at her home on Christmas Eve 1973, left about 10:45 p.m., and was home in New London about half an hour later.

    Mrs. Zimet is accompanied by her attorney, L. Patrick Gray. Gray, like Bishop, is a member of the New London law firm Suissman, Shapiro, Wool, and Brennan.

    Other witnesses include New London city Manager C. Francis Driscoll and Elise Mallove, Mallove’s daughter. Miss Mallove was home for her Christmas vacation in 1973.

    The grand jury begins a four-week recess. More than 50 persons were called during the first 12 days of the inquiry.

    August 30

    New London police investigators and a newspaper editor who has followed their unsolved hit-run death case for three years are among the witnesses.

    Retired Police Chief John Crowley and Det. Lt. K.T. Bucko, who refused repeated pleas by The Bulletin in March of 1975 to discuss the death of Kevin B. Showalter, gives testimony – as did the paper’s managing editor, John C. Peterson.

    Peterson testifies for three hours.

    August 31

    The attorney who conducted a coroner’s inquest into Mr. Showalter’s death, the results of which have never met public scrutiny, is the first witness today. Atty. Joseph Moukwasher, who heard testimony from 50 witnesses during six days in September and November of 1974, is one of the few persons familiar with the substance of that investigation.

    It took more than two years for the transcripts of the hearings to be typed and submitted to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti.

    State Police Sgt. Donald Crouch, who in 1974 and 1975 worked for the federal grand jury investigating alleged corruption in the New London force, also testifies. Other witnesses included Rosemary Benson and Carol James.

    September 1

    Physical exhibits appear to outnumber witnesses in the 15th day of proceedings. Two state police technicians from the crime lab in Bethany carry satchels concealing evidence into the closed courtroom. One exhibit is a light colored automobile fender, which was dented and streaked.

    September 2

    Det. Edward Pickett of the New London County State’s Attorney’s office, who helped administer a lie detector test to Ms. Emilyta, testifies. Ms. Emilyta passed the test.

    Another detective, private investigator Joe Harris, is also called. A former Waterford police sergeant, he worked on the case for a brief time, on his own.

    Other witnesses in a short session include State Police Sgt. Charles Trotter, a principal investigator in the federal grand jury probe of the New London city police.

    September 12

    Two persons who saw Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve 1973, hours before he was killed testify.

    Ramona Ricci, a coworker of Mr. Showalter’s at a Waterford discotheque, attended one of two parties Mr. Showalter had planned to go to after work that night. Nancy Wicksham, who also testified, had joined friends that holiday evening at the club.

    September 18

    Mallove says his status as a suspect in the case is “nothing new.” During testimony in a New Jersey courtroom, Connecticut State Police revealed Mallove is a prime suspect in the hit-run case. The testimony concerned refusal by two New Jersey men to comply with a subpoena issued by the one-man grand jury. Trooper Charles Wargat also testified he was told the two men repaired Mallove’s car on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day 1973.

    Mallove tells The Bulletin he did not know the men and never had a car repaired at their shop on Reed Street in New London. He says he didn’t kill Mr. Showalter and doesn’t know anything about anybody who did.

    September 19

    One of the two men who testified with immunity today has said in a published account he has no knowledge of the case and denied any car was repaired in his New London shop on Christmas Eve 1973.

    Walter String Jr. made those comments in the New Jersey Courier Post. He and his son, Walter String III, had been ordered to appear today by a New Jersey judge, after refusing to comply with a subpoena.

    Among the dozen or so witnesses are New London city police Sgt. Donald Sloan and Cpl. Charles Alloway. They took the first full statement from Ms. Emilyta, five days after the accident.

    September 26

    Darlene Barnes, a friend of Mr. Showalter who patronized the Waterford discotheque where he worked, is among the witnesses today. Ms. Barnes was also one of the 50 witnesses during the coroner’s inquest of 1974.

    October 3

    Larry Grimes testifies again. The Mitchell College security guard who made the first identification of Mr. Showalter at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, was also at the courthouse on July 12, and Sept. 26.

    The grand jury will be in recess until October 17. It has convened 20 times since July 5 and heard about 90 witnesses.

    October 11

    Judge Dannehy says published reports that Mallove is a prime suspect in the case “couldn’t bother me in the least.”

    “They (the newspapers) are free to speculate if they wish,” Dannehy says. “I am not concerned with their claimed right to freedom of expression.

    I think that sometimes their attitude is to publish and be damned, but they don’t bother me.”

    “Why don’t you wait” for the grand jury report? Dannehy asked.

    October 17

    The sales manager of a New London auto firm who said he has sold a number of cars to the family of a suspect in the hit-run case testifies.

    In 1970, Peter Emmanuel Sr. of New London Motors sold a Lincoln Continental to Harvey N. Mallove, whom state police have identified as a suspect in the Christmas Eve, 1973 death. A compact car was among the other autos the New London firm sold to Mallove.

    State police were looking for a green Chrysler product when they first questioned New London motors personnel, Emmanuel said before he testified. But the firm didn’t sell Mallove such a vehicle, which police had believed was the death car, he added.

    October 24

    The grand jury does not convene today because the investigators were not ready to proceed, Judge Dannehy said. He said he plans to conduct several more sessions before adjourning to write the final report, but did not specify.

    November 14

    The grand jury meets for its first regular session since October 17 and hears one witness. The witness, Gary Jordan of New London, said he was dating Elise Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973.

    Sources say the grand jury conducted at least one special session since October 17, but it was not known who testified.

    November 21

    State police continue working long and irregular hours probing Mr. Showalter’s death as they re-create the hit-run scene on Pequot Avenue near Plant Street for at least the third time.

    November 29

    The man whom state police have said they consider a prime suspect in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death has his day in court.

    Harvey N. Mallove testifies for about four hours before the secret grand jury probing Mr. Showalter’s death. Atty. Leo J. McNamara accompanies Mallove to the Windham County Courthouse.

    Mallove says he was one of a number of persons who drove by the accident scene shortly before or after Mr. Showalter was killed. But a four-part series by The Bulletin in March of 1975 showed Mallove saw a scene that seven other persons said could not have taken place.

    Mallove passed the accident scene within a minute or two after an ambulance call was logged. His statement to New London police – dated eight months later – conflicts with accounts of seven persons at the scene or looking out their windows seconds after Mr. Showalter was struck.

    Mr. Showalter was struck by a car as he changed a tire on a friend’s parked Ford Pinto, on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street.

    In his statement, Mallove said he saw an automobile parked at an angle in front of the Pinto. None of the seven persons saw any car stopped at the scene immediately after the victim was hit according to the July 10, 1974 report by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

    Mallove’s vivid description of a middle-aged man talking with a girl near the car also conflicts with statements by the seven persons.

    In his statement, Mallove said he assumed the man was a member of the police department. But Bucko claims in the July 10 report that Mallove told him the talking to the girl was “NOT” a policeman.

    Bucko’s report also claims Mallove learned on Christmas Day 1974 that “a man had been killed and he remarked to some people that he saw the body.” But Bucko continued to report that after Mallove viewed photographs of the scene he realized what he mistook for a body was a floor mat. In his statement, Mallove said he saw a “flat object which I assumed was a blanket or a mat.”

    In his August 31, 1974 statement, Mallove said, “Seeing no trouble, accident, or any evidence of anything out of place…I continued on my way home.”

    In the July 10, 1974 report, Bucko claims; “Mr. Mallove stated he was going to stop because he realized there had been an accident.”

    Mallove has told The Bulletin that Bucko misquoted him.

    December 7

    The calling of witnesses ends with Mallove’s second appearance.

    The proceedings included a film screening, apparently of the death scene as re-created by state police.

    After the 35 minute screening, Special Prosecutor McGuigan and Judge Dannehy questioned Mallove for about 40 minutes. That was the bulk of the afternoon session.

    The question of whether indictments should be handed down in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death now rests with Judge Dannehy.

    After 24 sessions and more than 100 witnesses, Dannehy said the next step for the grand jury is the final report on who killed Kevin B. Saltwater.

    1978

    Feb. 17 Report filed.

    Feb. 22

    Report made public.

  • THE DANNEHY REPORT


  • SHOWALTER COVERUP COLUMNS

    Chapter 1

    Law and Justice in Everyday Life

    Cover-Up In New London

    Hit-And-Run Continues To Mock Justice


    Sept. 4, 2000

    If Connecticut Chief State’s Attorney John Bailey wants to bring closure to cold cases, here’s one from New London that should top the list: The Showalter hit-and-run cover-up is a dark chapter in Connecticut history, a tale more appropriate for a Third World country.

    And yet, only one thing bothers former New London County State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti about the Showalter case: that it was investigated at all.

    Satti, now retired, made the point again and again, most recently this year. Satti’s complaint, made during the wake of the late state police Detective George Ryalls, was that Ryalls’ obituary mentioned the suspect the prosecutor refused to pursue in the Showalter probe.

    Kevin B. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, was killed at 11:12 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. He was changing a tire on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue on the New London shoreline when he was struck and killed. His girlfriend, sitting only 6 feet away on a stone wall, claims she saw nothing.

    Auto body putty from the death car disappeared after a tow truck driver gave it to New London police. The evidence file that was supposed to contain the putty was stuffed with bathroom tiles. The file that was supposed to contain headlight glass from the death car instead contained glass from three different headlights. State police and others suspected that, in order to throw legitimate investigators off the trail, the late young man's clothing was pounded on a different-colored car than the one that killed him.

    The victim's mother, Lucille M. Showalter, tried to get a grand jury investigation of the cover-up. She was rebuffed repeatedly by the presiding judge, Angelo Santaniello who, it later became clear, was best friends with the leading suspect. Santaniello then referred Showalter to prosecutor Satti, who happened to be his former law partner. Satti refused to acknowledge registered letters from Mrs. Showalter pleading for a grand jury probe.

    Satti did finally meet with Mrs. Showalter in 1978, after Judge Joseph Dannehy of Willimantic, acting as a one-man grand jury, named former New London Mayor Harvey N. Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle. Satti called the three-hour meeting, in which he repeatedly told Mrs. Showalter that there never should have been a grand jury investigation under Dannehy.

    Mallove held a good hand; he had the best legal muscle in New London County on his side. New London police would not question him for more than seven months, and then only in a perfunctory manner. They would say they inspected his cars, but they did not. Significantly, Mallove’s Lincoln had been repaired, but it wasn’t until state police took over the case four years after the accident that the fender was finally seized.

    Santaniello would arrange for a coroner’s inquest and put his niece in charge of typing the transcript. Only after two years of intense public pressure would the transcript be typed. But the inquest never issued a finding.

    Santaniello tipped off Mallove that he was a suspect. The judge was also aware of what local police knew about the case. Mrs. Showalter memorialized the admissions in tape-recorded telephone conversations.

    “I did talk to Harvey,” Santaniello told Mrs. Showalter on Oct. 17, 1975, “and I said, `You’re suspected.’ As a matter of fact, at that time a police officer came to him on the same day or the next day, and told him you were making accusations about him and that he was a prime suspect.” The day before, Mallove told Mrs. Showalter, “Judge Santaniello is of the opinion that you fingered me.”

    It was not until 1977 that state police, who took over the case at the behest of former Gov. Ella Grasso, formally named Mallove a suspect. Next week, I'll propose a means to solve the Showalter cover-up.

    Showalter Cover-Up Is New London's Shame

    Sept. 11, 2000

    New London, where I grew up and began working in the 1960s and ‘70s, was a dirty little city with character.

    It had a restaurant called the Hygienic that was everything but. There were at least a couple bars where the cops couldn't do anything, except maybe a little business.

    The top pimp in town never went to jail until he was about 60 and a certain court official retired.

    New London will always be the city that tried to cover up the Christmas Eve 1973 hit-and-run death of Kevin B. Showalter. It's been doing a pretty good job for nearly 27 years, but the onion is beginning to peel.

    The local daily newspaper admitted -- in its official history published this year -- that it did a shoddy job on the Showalter case. Specifically, The Day admitted its failure to explore the relationship between a former mayor and a top judge, and their influence on the course of the criminal investigation. That’s a beginning.

    Political and police corruption goes back a couple generations in New London. By the 1970s, New London police were widely known to be involved in the selling of women, dope and refrigerators, among other things. A federal grand jury took note. But as with the Showalter case, there were these little problems with the evidence.

    A jewelry store owner and former city mayor multi-millionaire Harvey Mallove was the prime suspect in the hit-and-run death of Showalter, a student at Mitchell College. Showalter’s date that night, Christmas Eve 1973, said she saw nothing from her vantage point six feet away, sitting on a stone wall under a streetlight on a residential street as a young man changed the tire of her car.

    Harvey was everybody’s pal. He would take kids to the Super Bowl, then, down the road, get them jobs as cops. He was friends with bums in the street and bums in high political office. He was wired. The standing joke among reporters became: Harvey's a great guy to have a beer with, just don't change your tire if he's driving by.

    “I didn't kill the kid in any way, shape or form,” Harvey told me many times. As mayor, Harvey helped hire a few police chiefs. His best friend was the administrative judge for the county; that was the judge who controlled the early stages of the investigation, specifically a coroner’s inquest that never issued a finding.

    State police followed up a report that Mallove’s best friend, County Administrative Judge Angelo G. Santaniello, was with Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973. Santaniello reportedly was No. 11 on a guest list for a party at the home of his political mentor, the late state Sen. Peter Mariani. The Mariani party was one of two Mallove attended that night.

    Santaniello told reporters he never went out on Christmas Eve.

    Another state judge, Joseph F. Dannehy, conducted two grand jury investigations. In 1978, Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle, but said evidence that might have ensured conviction was either mishandled or destroyed.

    Mallove died a few years ago with this legacy. Others still have time to come clean and tell the truth about the cover-up. Mrs. Showalter tried unsuccessfully to have Satti, Santaniello and others prosecuted for hindrance of prosecution (CGS Section 53a-166) warning of impending discovery, providing means of avoiding discovery, preventing discovery by deception. Because a conspiracy to hinder prosecution is an ongoing crime, those with information could tell Chief State's Attorney John Bailey, who has begun an initiative to solve some of the state's cold homicide cases.

    Isn’t it time? No one kept the system honest when it counted, though some tried. Most stood by as the system that was supposed to protect the victim and his family betrayed them all.

    Where is the conscience of the community?

    Cold Case On Ice Forever

    Nov. 6, 2000

    One way to deflect attention from a suspect is to get investigators involved in meaningless, time-consuming tasks. Another way is to create a bogus suspect who is then exposed as such, causing a belief that the case is just too hazy to pursue.

    Both of these devices were used repeatedly in the cover-up of the Showalter hit-run case in New London. Whether this was happenstance, indifference, incompetence or malfeasance, the result was the same. The system failed.

    And now, it seems, the truth will remain buried forever.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror who investigated the case, wrote in his finding of fact: “After December 25, 1973, the New London Police Department did virtually nothing to solve the hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.” The accident occurred the night before.

    Local police and court officials, however, were pro-active in another sense. Their actions served to protect the assailant.

    For example, New London police claimed it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles using data from the state Motor Vehicle Department. The motor vehicle department declared there was no such charge.

    Nevertheless, New London police spent their time hand-sorting local motor vehicle cards. They looked for a green Chrysler. That was likely a false lead; state police said paint particles found on the victim's clothing did not come from the car that killed him.

    Former Mayor Harvey Mallove began meeting informally with police and court officials as early as Dec. 25, 1973. Mallove wanted to know what the police knew.

    The only lead after two and a half years was quashed by then New London Common Pleas Court Prosecutor Harold Dean in May 1976. The lead was a letter of confession written by a Somers prison inmate to the victim’s mother, Lucille Showalter.

    “I told Harold how important that was to me,” Mallove, the prime suspect, confided to an associate. He also acknowledged discussing the purported confession with his best friend, the presiding judge for the county, Angelo Santaniello.

    The author of the letter was known to be connected with “fences,” or purveyors of stolen goods in the New London area. State police arrested him for harassment of Mrs. Showalter. Two state troopers met with Dean for an hour. They told him the letter contained possibly significant information. State police also believed they could connect the dots in New London between the letter writer and the powers-that-be. Did he owe some favors? Was he paid? Police knew the author had no liability for the accident; he was actually in Florida at the time of the hit-run.

    Dean nolled and dismissed the case without telling the troopers or Mallove. Soon thereafter, state police listed the killing of Showalter as “closed pending further development.” Upon learning of Dean's action, Chief State's Attorney Joseph Gormley remarked he had “no idea” why the lead, “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. The case would remain closed for six months, until Gov. Ella Grasso brought the matter to Justice John Cotter.

    Was there criminal activity connected with the Showalter cover-up? It appears we will never know for certain. Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver, noting that evidence which might have ensured conviction was destroyed. The Chief State’s Attorney’s Office reviewed aspects of the case this fall after a series of columns appeared in The Law Tribune. However, the statute of limitations for the most likely potential charge, conspiracy to hinder prosecution of motor vehicle misconduct, has expired. This shameful case, it appears, is destined to stay on ice forever.

    - AND:

    Olympic Gold for Missing Evidence


    November 28, 2005

    Judge Ellen Gordon was in way over her head with what she tried pass off as a ruling in Day Publishing v. State's Attorney.

    Clueless Gordon was handed a hot one, a case no one has ever wanted in the so-called New London Judicial District. Every single time this case has come to court, begging for justice, The Robes, the prosecutors and their minions have either desecrated their oaths or looked the other way. Clueless Gordon, fairly new to the scene, has managed to join the list of those who are both ostriches and failures.

    The Day newspaper asked Gordon this year to release the grand jury testimony regarding the cover-up of the 1973 hit-run death of Kevin Showalter. Before Gordon probably ever heard of Showalter, five New London County judges recused themselves from a John Doe civil suit against the driver because they were friends with the prime suspect, Harvey Mallove. Mallove -- the late mayor of New London and multimillionaire jeweler who picked police chiefs, planned to run for Congress and starred in the social scene -- was prone to say, "I never killed the kid -- in any way, shape or form."

    It's not like we could expect a New London judge to show guts or brains in this case. Compelling testimony from the first of two grand juries implicated local law enforcement and court officials in a widespread cover-up.

    On Christmas Eve 1973 at 11:12 p.m., as the call came in, a high-ranking New London officer, said, "F--k him, he's dead," and then left to go home. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, lay dead on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue by the shoreline. His body was thrown 22 feet from the point of impact. His shoes were found 110 feet apart. A leg bone was 75 feet away.

    A tow truck driver gave police auto body putty from the death car. The putty was never seen again. New London police mixed headlight glass from at least three different cars in what they called the evidence file. Replacing the auto body putty was bathroom tile. A local coroner's inquest never issued a finding. State police, who took over the case at the behest of Gov. Ella Grasso, were bewildered and angry when they could not find the transcript of the coroner's inquest. Mallove's best friend -- the presiding judge for the county, Angelo G. Santaniello -- had put his niece in charge of typing that transcript. Santaniello also tipped off Mallove to his status as a suspect.

    Now, Clueless Gordon can't find the 3,000-page transcript of the first grand jury. Does she care? Court clerks allegedly performed a diligent search. Would any reasonable person believe or accept any of this?

    Among the last persons known to possess the grand jury report was the late State's Attorney, C. Robert Satti. Satti, who refused to investigate the case before a special prosecutor was appointed, claimed he returned a copy to the grand juror, then Willimantic Superior Court Judge (later Supreme Court Justice) Joseph Dannehy. Both Dannehy and Satti are dead. Did "Do Nothing Bob" -- Mallove's moniker for Satti -- take it with him? We might as well ask Harvey, also dead, or Kevin.

    Gordon's pathetic decision, dated Nov. 7, went on for about a sentence before its first fatal error. It might sound like a technical error, but it's much, much more than that. She actually said New London police investigated the case.

    Before this, I thought it might take generations to remove the stench from the New London courthouse. Alas, for New London, the stench of this cover-up is forever.







  • more COOL JUSTICE







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  • NEW: RFK Jr. says ‘recent forensic evidence’ points to two shooters in his father’s assassination


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  •           Plant-based Injectable Nanoparticles Can be Effective for Cancer Treatment        
    Injectable plant-based nanoparticles can help to delay tumor progression in cancer treatment, finds a new study.
              Fast radio bursts may be dark matter ‘stars’ hitting black holes        
    The mysterious FRBs we’ve been tracking for a decade could be created by clumps of dark matter particles dancing along the edges of black holes
              Protein-capturing nanoparticles boost immune response to cancer        
    (with video) Coupled with radiotherapy, the new approach helps fight secondary tumours outside of the irradiated area.
              All That Glitters...        
    It is my personal belief, that deep down inside every woman, there lies a secretly burning passion for all things that sparkle. After all, isn't that  why diamonds are a girl's best friend? I believe that deep down within even the most tomboyish of girls, there is a secret lust for things that twinkle, things that shimmer, things that sparkle, shine, glitter and gleam. No? Okay, just me then...

    But seriously, ever since I was a little girl, I've been obsessed with glitter. I recall this one time, when one of my oldest friends (that means you, Leah Rossi!) and I sat in my bathroom, when we were about ten or eleven years old, collecting together all the glitter in my house that we could find. We collected up hair glitter, sparkly body spray, glittery mascara, glitter nail polish, glittery talc, shimmer face powder, you name it (remember all that 90's/early 00's stuff?)

    We sampled each of the products, spraying them and puffing them and squeezing them and what have you over the bath, so that it wouldn't go all over the floor, and analysing the different types of glitter. We decided to categorize the different types, to see which was the best. There was glitter with huge shiny bits in it, glitter in tiny particles that gave more of a subtle, shimmery effect...I can still smell the glitter spray now, heady and gluey and with that note of excitement and anticipation on it- it was the spray I put on whenever I was going to a school disco or a year six birthday party or to one of my parents' big new year's eve bashes. I think we thought we were glitter scientists or something. Leah, if you are reading this, you probably don't even recall this weird random memory, but you know what I'm like for having a freakishly good memory when it comes to this stuff! It reminds me of a time even further back, when Leah and I decided to paint all the china ornaments in my room with my gold glittery nail varnish, and the times we used to make 'gems' out of lumps of wet toilet paper left to dry and coloured in with felt-tipped pens and painted with the same glittery nail polish (now I know you remember that!)

    Well, weather or not anyone else shares this particular magpie tendency of mine (and Leah's!) to want to squeal with delight at the sight of glitter, that's what's got me all girlishly excited about my latest look. I'm calling it 'all that glitters' (another Sex and the City Reference, for any of those equally geekily obsessed fans among you). It all started with the outfit that I put together on one of my previous posts, the one with the pink sequined top and the leopard print heels (which I have now bought, and can't WAIT to wear out!) I loved the way the sequins on the top looked like those pink edible cake sparkles you can buy, and the way they winked and flashed and twinkled like stars in the light with my every tiny movement...

    I also adored the soft pale pink of it, and the combination of the sparkles and the girlish pastel hue. So, when I came across this GORGEOUS little vintage gem on my travels in Greenwich a few days later, I simply couldn't get it out of my head.

                                              (here is is, pictured with the pink Topshop top)

    I was browsing the rails in The Vintage Emporium, to see if there was anything that caught my eye, when I glimpsed it, twinkling softly in the dusty light. It was a pale, mint green, sixties style top, which also happened to be sparkly (insert inward screams of delight). I held it up to myself in the mirror and noticed that it went perfectly with my skin tone and hair colour (don't you just LOVE making those discoveries?) but then quickly told myself that I didn't need yet ANOTHER little sparkly top. I moved on to the next shop, The Beehive, which is a total treasure trove of affordable vintage pieces (not to mention owned by the most lovely, friendly, beautiful lady whom I spent a good long while chatting to about all things fashion) and ended up buying an eighties-tastic jumper, featuring a similar colour of green (which I have been living in all week- thanks Beehive!)

    That weekend, I simply couldn't make myself forget the darling little mint green top. It danced tantalizingly in front of my eyes inside my head, calling to me in a sound like crystals twinkling and clinking together (I know I'm getting totally carried away now, but I really did love the top). So, today I went back to The Vintage Emporium and bought it. Did I mention that it was only £15?? Total bargain, I know!

    It goes perfectly with the other stuff I bought to go with the pink Topshop top, so that's two outfits I have yet to wear out! In addition to this, I also decided I needed a cream fur coat to complete the outfit, and found this beauty on ebay, which I won (yay!) and which was delivered today:
     

    Don't you just love it!? It's real rabbit fur and sooo luxuriously soft and snuggly. I would just like to point out, that although I would never condone the purchase of new fur, this coat is vintage and therefore second hand. Hence, wearing it is actually a form of recycling, and if no one wore it, it would only be rotting away in some landfill somewhere, polluting the planet. ANYWAY.

    The pretty ice cream shades of the tops and the coat got me thinking about Tavi's fantastic Valley of the Dolls posts that I've recently read. If you want to check it out, go to:
    http://www.thestylerookie.com/
    For anyone who doesn't already know this-Tavi is amazing. Her blog was one of the main things that inspired me to start this. But getting back to my main point, her post was inspired by the 1966 novel, Valley of the Dolls, which was turned into a film in 1967. I have yet to actually see the film (it's on my list of fashionable things to watch, along with The Taxi Driver, which apparently is the film to channel for the current on-trend seventies vibe) but I've seen pictures from it, and am loving the pretty, innocent but plastic doll-like look that's going on. The look is all about pastels, candy colours, pretty-girl makeup and a kind of creepy doll-like perfection. Think of the candy-coloured houses in Edward Scissorhands (Tavi also references this in her post- I give her full credit for it- although I've always loved that image anyway!)

    To complete the all-that-glitters-meets-Valley-of-the-Dolls-look that I'm loving right now, I also bought two gorgeous Barry M lipsticks, one in an amazingly bright, shocking, almost fluorescent pink, and one in a beautiful pale chalky coral. I love the totally matte texture of the lipsticks combined with the intense, opaque quality of the colours. I have searched high and low for a reeeaally bright pink lipstick with a totally matte finish, and this is the first one I've found. Thanks Barry M!

    I am planning on wearing this look with fun, unexpected twists like leopard print (cue my new heels!), garishly bright lipstick and flashy, gold vintage jewelery to give it a trashy/fun/glam edge. And of course, extra long, doll-like lashes. Pictures of me wearing the outfits will follow (I want you to see them with the full benefit of my two hours of pampering, hair and makeup that I will do when I actually wear them out!)

    Here are some pictures that I feel capture the girly/glam vibe of the all that glitters look with it's Valley of the Dolls feel...enjoy!
     My magpie collection of sparkly tops! From left: vintage from ebay, vintage from ebay, vintage from Rokit, vintage from a shop in Whitechapel, vintage from The Vintage Emporium Greenwich, and Topshop.

     My pretty ice cream shaded tops go perfectly with my gold vintage bag from Rokit which I have actually worn to death!
    (clockwise from top) bracelet: Topshop, cuff: Topshop, earrings: from a charity shop in Hunstanton, earrings: also from charity shop in Hunstanton, ring: Topshop, necklace: vintage from Greenwich Market (only 99p!)

    My Barry M lipsticks, Topshop glitter, Benefit eyeshadow and Mac eyeshadow. Tutti-fruitti shades like this were seen all over the SS11 catwalks!

                                      I <3 Dolly Mixtures! xxx

      Glitter is a girl's best friend...
                                                     The Valley of the Dolls Look
    Hope you enjoyed the post, and please feel free to leave any comments! Have a sparkly day...

    The Porcelain Princes
    XOXO
              Introduction and First Thoughts        

    Introduction

    Hi! I was accepted to build a Crystal Space World Editor for Google Summer of Code this summer.

    A little about me: I'm an 18-year-old computer engineering major at University of Maryland. My main interests beside computers are classical guitar and biking.

    In this blog I'll post my ideas and progress on this project. Comments and suggestions will be greatly appreciated.

    Here is the abstract as given in the proposal:

    Crystal Space, being a 3d engine, deserves a good art pipeline so that applications using it can focus on creating assets, not editing world files by hand. Having worked on several game projects using CS over the past 2 years, I have experienced directly the difficulty of getting art into the engine. I would like to help take a huge step in improving it by creating a usable world editor.

    The editor should have a completed framework by the end of the work period, including a working plugin system, undo/redo system, selection system, tool system, save/load functionality, scene browser, factory browser, and property editor. Also, basic selection and transform tools will be implemented. Any remaining time will be used to polish the user interface or implement tools for other CS features, such as terrain.

    The project is currently in the design stage, but the ideas are becoming more focused.
    Here is some of the progress so far.

    Name of the editor

    We had nearly an hour-long name-throwing session on IRC about this, but I don't think any of them stuck. The consensus seems to be that the name shouldn't be too serious. Some highlights: Ochre, Composotron IV, Crystal Latte, Crystachino, Deity for Dummies, Quartz, Chainspoon, Turbospoon, CrystalGarden, Plow, Colloid Space. I would choose Anvil, but it is already the name of my old editor. Maybe Anvil Reloaded? ;) Any more ideas?

    User interface

    The editor will use wxWidgets as a GUI library.
    I'll use wxAUI and wxPropertyGrid widgets. wxAUI is a really nice docking toolkit that should give a very flexible, modern-looking interface. wxPropertyGrid will be great for the property editor.

    wxAUI has been included in wxWidgets 2.8.0+, but wxPropertyGrid is a contrib widget. To handle the dependency, the editor will probably require wxWidgets 2.8.0+ and wxPropertyGrid will be included in the source tree.

    I'll use wxFormBuilder to design the more complex dialogs for the editor (options, material editor, etc) and save them as XRCs. The main window will be done in code, using wxAUI.

    Tools

    Tools allow the interface to remain consistent when switching between different editing functions. Tools will handle events like mouse move, mouse click, keyboard press, and draw to allow for extra information to be drawn on top of the scene. Examples of tools are select, move, rotate, scale. Plugins can also add tools. Tools will be available through a toolbar. In addition, tools can provide a panel for tool-specific settings.

    There are several types of tools.

    Mesh-specific tools: These tools will be shown based on the type of the selected object.
    e.g. for particle system editor, an emitter editor. For a terrain editor, a tool to modify heights with a brush.

    Creation tools: Tools which create things, e.g. a tool which creates mesh primitives, or a tool which creates an initial flat terrain.

    One-shot tools: Tools which perform one "non-interactive" action, like "compress vertices" or "generate normals".

    Scene Browser

    The scene browser is basically a tree that will show all of the instances in the world file (e.g. all the stuff that goes in between <sector> tags).

    There could possibly be multiple "view modes" for this: Group by sector, group by object type, sort alphabetically.

    Plugins should be able to add 3rd party types to the scene browser (e.g. CEL entities).

    Project Manager

    This should show some of the files that the world file depends on. It will allow you to link or unlink libraries to the world file.

    Assets Browser

    Formerly named "factory browser", the assets browser will allow you to browse through mesh factories, materials, etc. It should allow you to remove them, or edit their properties when selected (in property editor). Adding mesh factories can be accomplished through importing or linking to a library. Or you can use a tool which creates primitives.

    Mesh Browser

    This will show all of the available mesh factories, rendered to textures. The selected one will show a rotating preview.

    Material Browser

    This will show all of the available materials rendered on tiny spheres. You should also be able to create an empty material from here.

    Browsers

    With all of these browsers, there seems to be a commonality between them: they generally provide a view of a certain category of objects, and when selected, they should publish an event to listeners, including the property editor which will allow you to edit the selected object. It seems like they could share a lot of code.

    Property Editor

    There will be a property editor shown for the selected object.

    I will need to implement some custom property types, including one for matrices.

    Another thing I would like is a "link" to another object. It would basically allow you to choose one of the available objects of that type. And it will allow you to follow the link and show the linked-to object in the property editor. For example, the mesh instance property editor will have a link property "Material", which will allow you to choose which material is used for the mesh.

    Saver Improvements

    Since the saver doesn't fully support saving all CS objects, and since it is desirable to preserve comments in the world files, I'll be supplementing the loader to attach the original DOM nodes to engine objects when they are loaded (and only when the saveable flag is on). The editor will then keep track of which objects are modified, and only save those. This means that all unsupported nodes will be preserved. A main failure of the current way of using the saver is that it obliterates any unsupported nodes. Judging by the rate at which the loader advances versus the rate at which the saver plugins advance, this will be necessary for some time.

    The sooner this is implemented, the sooner the editor will be useful for making small tweaks to existing world files. So I do regard it as quite important, although it is not trivial.

    Wrap-Up

    Whew! There are a lot of ideas there. I hope I get some good feedback on this.

    I still have approximately 2 more weeks of school, so I'll be trying to think of this and post when I'm not taking exams. Then, summer! :)


              Local Rabbi Has it in for Barack Obama        
    On the heels of one local Rabbi who made what can be misconstrued as an inappropriate comment regarding Barack Obama a few weeks back, another local Rabbi really went to town on the candidate in shul today. In a diatribe that, according to my unofficial polling, many congregants present found completely improper, he went off on Obama in a completely over-the-top fashion. The Rabbi criticized Obama's position Israel, and said he surrounds himself with Sonei Yisrael (haters of Jews) and Sonei Eretz Yisrael (haters of the land of Israel). The Rabbi compared Mr. Obama to Haman, to FDR (that people loved FDR too and didn't realize what a Rasha he would turn out to be), and in what should really just invoke Godwin's Law, he actually compared the man referred* to... Hitler himself (that people dismissed Hitler too as just being all talk).

    Now, I don't believe at all that Obama is anti-Israel. I just don't. Aside from these compelling arguments (I, II, III), I just refuse to believe that the candidate has ulterior motives regarding Israel based solely on a whisper campaign regarding false claims about Obama being Muslim - as opposed to on his good record on Israel issues. I had a conversation with a very intelligent and well-read family member who completely believed the forwarded e-mail she received that claimed that Obama is Muslim (false), was sworn into office on a Koran (false), and she even went so far as to call me out as being "naive" for not believing those claims, and for not seeing as clearly as she does that Obama is nothing more than a Trojan horse for terrorists. It was truly painful.

    But all things considered, not as painful as a religious leader making such claims from the pulpit in front of a captive shul-going audience. That's just plain wrong.

    *UPDATE: Edited to concede a valued commenter's point that it was not a direct comparison between Obama and Hitler, but a reference (though clearly a reference inviting a comparison).
              January, 2012 Daring Baker Challenge: Back to Basics:Scones (Biscuits)        
    Introduction:  Hi my name is Audax from Audax Artifex (yes this web site). Whenever I visit my sister and her family in S.E. Queensland Australia she always welcomes me with a fresh batch of my favourite baked treat which we devour gleefully with cups of tea while we chat and catch up with the events in our lives.

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    The treat that I'm talking about is the basic scone (also know as baking powder biscuits in North America) my sister really knows how to make them, they are wondrously light with soft sides and a lovely airy crumb – superb with jam and cream. This month I want the Daring Bakers' to share my delight and I invite you to bake a batch of scones to enjoy with friends and family.

    For our North American members I wish to clarify what this challenge is all about and try to avoid any confusions. Scones in North American are nearly always triangular in shape have a slightly crisp crust usually covered in sugar and have a soft interior crumb and sometimes are laced with dried fruit (these baked goods in Australia and England are called “rock cakes” since they are usually made to look like “rocky” cakes not wedges), meanwhile biscuits in North American are a round shaped buttery slightly flaky baked good usually eaten with meals (these items in Australia and England are called “scones” and are eaten with butter and jam usually with cups of tea or coffee as a sweet snack). So this challenge (using the North American name) is to make biscuits. Or using the Australian or English name this challenge is to make scones.

    To further clarify for our North American bakers this month's challenge is to make biscuits (also called baking powder biscuits) if you choose to make your biscuits using buttermilk as the liquid you are making what are known as “Southern” Biscuits which are one of the most famous examples of home cooking in the Southern States of America (that is they are a baking powder biscuit made with buttermilk). In Australia and England “Southern” Biscuits would be called buttermilk scones. So restating the above, the challenge is to make scones (using the Australian/English name) or to make  biscuits (using the North American name). Incidentally if you use cream as your liquid in the challenge recipe the final baked good would be called a cream biscuit in North America or a cream scone in Australia and England.  

    Scones (biscuits) contain only a small number of ingredients they are fast to make, quick to bake, only cost cents per batch and most importantly are super FUN to eat. In England and Australia scones are eaten with jam and butter usually with cups of tea or coffee mostly as a sweet snack, while in North America they are usually eaten with meals as a savoury side.

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    Of course scones (biscuits) have a notorious reputation as being difficult for some people to make  comments like “hockey pucks”, “These made great door-stops ” and the like fill the comment sections of most recipe websites. You see scones (can be said as a rhyme with cone and also can be said as a rhyme with gone) are a type of quick bread that is a white flour dough that is raised using chemical agents usually baking powder and/or baking soda. Basic scones contain flour, raising agent(s), butter (or shortening or lard), salt, and milk (or buttermilk or soured milk or cream). Most recipes just say to “rub the fat into the flour” then combine the dry and wet ingredients until “gathered together” and then “lightly knead” the gathered mixture until a soft dough forms, then “roll or pat” out this dough and then “cut” out rounds and bake them in a hot oven. Well how hard could it really be I thought uh-mm as you can see below my first batch wasn't the greatest success … they didn't raise at all and the texture was barely OK I thought … I was left wondered what I had done wrong …   

    My first attempt at scones (really pretty terrible I thought, no height no tenderness and no flakiness)

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    So after studying many many (288 websites bookmarked) scone/biscuit recipes and the bakers' comments about these recipes and after doing 16 batches! myself I have acquired a lot of information to help you master the techniques involved I hope that at the end of this challenge that you will be able to make a good if not great scone (biscuit).

    After much research and many attempts …  finally some scones (the 14th, 15th and 16th batches) that I wouldn't mind sharing with my sister.

    The Classic Australian scone ring (Aussie Damper) – the crumb is very similar to bread
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    Cheese and chives scones – a “sky-high” light and tender scone flavoured with cheese and chives
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    The classic Southern Biscuit (buttermilk scone) – a superbly flaky scone made with buttermilk and laminated to form distinct layers when baked
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    Fairy Ring
    As I mentioned in the challenge posting in Australia and England scones are usually eaten as a sweet treat (with butter and jam) with cups of tea on that theme while doing my research for this challenge I thought I would do a variation on the sweet side of the scone. Here is one recipe that is suitable for kids and adults when you want something special and sweet yet can be made at a moment's notice.

    In Australia one of the most popular children's party food item is fairy bread. This is a variation of fairy bread called Fairy Ring made with an Aussie Scone (Damper) ring laced with 100s and 1000s then iced (with some icing sugar and a touch of lemon juice made into a sticky paste) then sprinkled with more 100s and 1000s (coloured sprinkles). My 9 year old niece went crazy with delight and literally squealed with glee when I showed her this Fairy Ring and say I made it especially for her.

    Normal (Damper) Scone Ring
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    Fairy Ring straight from the oven
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    Completed Fairy Ring
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    Hot Dog Buns
    Here is a savoury variation, I made hot dog buns using the basic scone recipe. They worked out great I couldn't believe the crumb and they tasted great with the hot dog and relishes and I made them in under 15 minutes (once the oven was hot enough). I was very surprised how well the basic scone dough complimented savoury food.  
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    Touch of Grace Scones
    (Click on the title to go to a great posting about this recipe)
    Here is the answer to dry biscuits this recipe is called "touch of grace" biscuits which uses a few simple techniques to create a super moist crumb. These scones are all about tenderness everything is designed to obtain the softest and most tender crumb possible. These are very different from the normal bread-like scones that Australians like with jam and cream. These would be perfect with a savoury meal. They were so buttery with a soft creamy crumb that literally melts in your mouth, the mouth feel is like clouds. As one reviewer lovingly opined "They're squat little puffs you'll want to grab, steaming, from a basket passed over fried chicken or bacon and eggs". The way I make them is slightly adapted from the original recipe,  I use a lot of very large pieces of butter and all buttermilk with very low gluten cake flour and some resting time in the fridge. Resting the dough after the buttermilk is stirred into the dry ingredients is essential you would never be able to form the soft balls of dough coated in flour that are the "rounds" in this case and keeping everything cold helps the baking process. While baking the large pieces of butter melt into the flour causing large air holes to form in the baked dough and since we use soft flour (6%) which cannot form flaky layers we thus obtain a feather-light creamy tender crumb infused with the maximum amount of butter that the dough can hold.
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    These scones are made entirely from cake flour (6% gluten), I used 1 cup of flour, 2 teaspoons baking powder, 1/2 teaspoon baking soda, 1/4 cup very large-sized butter pieces, about 1/2 cup buttermilk and 1/2 teaspoon sea salt. I rubbed in butter making sure most of the fat/flour where large pea sized pieces. I rested the dough after I mixed in the wet ingredients for 10 minutes until cold, during this time the dough "firms" up making it possible to turn it out in one cohesive dough ball onto a lightly floured board. I formed a rectangle of the soft dough floured the top lightly then I stamped out rounds. You could feel the pieces of butter in the formed round The rounds are very soft but can be picked up and placed into the baking dish. Then I place the baking dish with all the formed rounds back in the fridge for 10 minutes until cold then bake. (This procedure is much easier than the original recipe's method and it gives as good results I think). As you can see the crumb is saturated with butter and has masses of large airy pockets to trap your favourite topping. Absolutely delicious.
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    Raisin Scones
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    I wanted to make one batch of flavoured scones I went with sweet raisins and some molasses in the dough. I rubbed in the butter until it was like fine sand and I used "OO" cake flour about 7% protein and some cornflour (cornstarch), I was very happy with the look of the baked scones and the crumb was very tender very much like bread which is what I wanted. These were very cute looking but to be honest I like plain scones much better.
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    The bread like crumb of the scone so so tasty and soft.
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    As you can see scones (biscuits) are all about technique since the scones pictured above used the same basic recipe. 

    Recipe Source:  The challenge scone (biscuit) recipe has been especially formulated by Audax Artifex after a large amount of research and experimentation. It is designed to help you master the techniques involved in making scones (biscuits) exactly the way you like them. 

    Blog-checking lines: Audax Artifex was our January 2012 Daring Bakers’ host. Aud worked tirelessly to master light and fluffy scones (a/k/a biscuits) to help us create delicious and perfect batches in our own kitchens!

    Posting Date:  January 27, 2012

    Challenge Notes:
    The Ingredients – since scones contain only a small number of ingredients each should be of the highest quality
    Flour – lower gluten (i.e. soft) flours (about 9% or less protein) produce taller and lighter scones than normal plain (all-purpose) flour (about 10%+ protein). But to be honest it wasn't that great a difference so long you sifted the dry ingredients thoroughly at least three times. That is always triple sift the dry ingredients this will ensure that the flour is well aerated and the raising agents are evenly distributed so resulting in light scones. I found that finely milled soft “OO” flour gave the best results but don't worry you can get excellent results with sifted plain (all-purpose) flour. You can use self-raising flour if you wish (remember to leave out the raising agents and salt) in the recipe below it is important to triple sift the self-raising flour as well I like to add about ½ teaspoon of extra fresh baking powder per cup of self-raising flour to ensure a good lift in my scones. In the northern states of America and most of Canada all-purpose flour is generally very hard (high in protein) you can replace for each cup 4 tablespoons of all-purpose flour with cake flour  OR for each cup replace 2 tablespoons of all-purpose flour with cornflour (cornstarch). Or you can let the scones rest (20 mins) in the fridge before baking. 
    Fat – unsalted butter gives the best flavour while lard gives the flakiest texture since it has a much higher melting point than butter so promoting a flaky texture in the final scones. The best compromise is to use a combination of the two in equal measure. I usually use all (unsalted) butter for flavour and health reasons. In most recipes the fat is rubbed into the flour using fingers or a pastry cutter (don't use two knives or forks since it takes too long to cut in the fat using this method). It is best to grate the butter using the coarse side of a box-grater and then freeze it until you need it. Freezing the butter prevents the fat from melting into the flour. The idea is to coat the fat particles with the flour. You are looking for a fat/flour combination that looks like very coarse bread crumbs with a few pieces of butter about the size of peas, the finer you make your fat pieces the more tender the crumb of your final scones. If you want very flaky scones then make the fat pieces large like Lima beans and only lightly coat them in the flour. If your kitchen is very hot you can refrigerate your flour so helping to keep the fat from melting. Don't freeze your flour as this will make it too difficult to rub the fat into the flour. (Typical usage about 1 to 8 tablespoons of fat per cup of flour).
    Chemical raising agents – always use fresh raising agents, baking powder deteriorates within two months once the jar is opened, typical usage 1 to 2 teaspoons per cup. Baking powder nowadays is double action – there is an initial release of gas once the dry and wet ingredients are combined and there is another release of gas from the high heat of the oven. If you are using acidic ingredients (such as buttermilk, soured milk, honey, citrus juice, yoghurt, tomato sauce etc) then use an additional ¼ teaspoon of baking soda per cup of liquid to help neutralise the acid and make the final baked product raise correctly. Baking soda is much stronger (x4) in raising power than baking powder. You can make you own single action baking powder by triple sifting together one part baking soda and two parts cream of tartar store in an airtight container. To check if your double action baking powder is fresh place 1/4 teaspoon in 1/2 cup of water it should bubble a lot, then microwave it for 30 secs it should bubble it again. To check your baking soda place 1/8 teaspoon into 1 tablespoon of vinegar (or lemon juice) it should bubble a lot. 
    Liquid – you can use milk (any sort), buttermilk, soured milk, yoghurt, half-and-half, cream, coconut cream, soda water, even lemon-flavoured soda pop (soft drink) or a combination of these as the liquid in your scones. You can sour regular milk with a tablespoon of cider vinegar or lemon juice for every cup. Just stir it in and let it sit for 10 minutes or so to curdle. Typical usage is 1/3 to 1/2 cup of liquid per cup of flour.
    Salt – a small amount of salt (about ¼ teaspoon per cup of flour)  helps improve the action of the raising agents and enhances the flavour of the scones.

    The Equipment
    Baking pans – use dark coloured heavy weight baking pans as these have the best heat distribution and really give a great raise to your baked goods. Many people like to use cast iron skillets for best results.
    Measuring cups and spoons – try to accurately measure all ingredients especially if this is your first attempt at making scones (biscuits) remember to scoop the ingredient into the measure and level with a knife. If you can weigh the flour using scales even better.
    Scone (biscuit) cutters – use a cutter that is made of sharp thin metal with straight sides and is open at both ends this ensures that the scone will raise straight and evenly and ensures the cut scone is easy to remove from the cutter without compressing the dough. Try to avoid using cutters with wavy sides, thick walled cups, glasses, metal lids, small jars or any cutter with only one opening since it is difficult to remove the cut scones from these without compressing the dough therefore leading to 'tougher' scones. If you cannot get a good cutter you can cut out squares or wedges etc using a sharp knife if you wish.
    Rolling pins – most scone doughs are very soft (and wet) so can be easily patted out using your fingers. For a large amount of dough you can use a rolling pin remember to use light pressure from the centre outwards to form an even thickness of dough ready to be cut into scones. Avoid rolling back and forth over the same area as this can overwork the dough.    

    The Techniques
    Triple sift the dry ingredients – sift your dry ingredients from a height this permits plenty of air to be incorporated into the mixture which allows for maximum lightness in your scones and ensures even distribution of all the raising agents and other ingredients.
    Rubbing in the fat – this is the stage where you can control how tender or flaky your final scone crumb will be. The more you coat your fat with flour and the smaller the particles of the final mixture, the more tender the end product because you’re retarding gluten formation in the flour (unfortunately the price you pay for this tenderness is that the final dough will be soft and might not raise very well since the gluten isn't developed enough to form a stable structure to trap the gases that are released when the dough is baked). Conversely the larger you leave the pieces of fat (the infamous "pea-sized" direction you always see in scone/biscuit recipes), the flakier the final scones will be (that is the gluten in this case is more developed but you might find that the final baked product is dry and the mouth feel of crumb could be too firm i.e. tough). So summarising the tenderness/flakiness of your scone is achieved in this stage by manipulating the size of the fat particles and how much of the flour is used to coat the fat (the more flour used to coat the fat promotes more tenderness while larger fat pieces promote more flakiness).  Either way quickly rub in the grated frozen fat into the dry ingredients using
    1)your finger tips – as you lightly rub and pinch the fat into the flour, lift it up high and let it fall back down into the bowl, this means that air is being incorporated all the time, and air is what makes scones light, continue this until you have the desired sized flour/fat particles in the mixture, or
    2)a cold pastry cutter – begin by rocking the pastry cutter into the fat and flour mixture continue rocking until all the fat is coated in flour and the desired sized flour/fat particles are obtained.
    Moistening and bringing the dough together -  add nearly all of the liquid at once to the rubbed-in dry ingredients.  When mixing the dough (I use a soft plastic spatula, my sister uses a knife), stir with some vigour from the bottom to the top and mix just until the dough is well-moistened and begins to just come together it will be wet (and sticky). And remember the old saying – the wetter the dough the lighter the scones (biscuits)!  
    Handling the dough – as most people know it is important not to overwork the dough but what isn't appreciated is that under-working is almost as common a mistake as overworking. Look at my first attempt (the first photo in this article) at making the challenge recipe it is crumbly and a bit leaden and the crumb isn't flaky at all this is due to under-working the dough and making the flour/fat particles too small, it took me about six batches to understand this and not be afraid to handle the dough so the scone (biscuit) would raise correctly. Under-working causes as many problems as overworking. Overworking leads to tough, dry and heavy scones while under-working leads to crumbly leaden ones. If you are not happy with your baked goods look carefully at your final scones (biscuits) and decide if you have under- or over-worked your dough.
    Kneading or folding/turning the dough – this is the stage where you can control whether or not your scone has distinct layers by 1) only kneading the dough (for no layering effect) or 2) only turning and folding the dough (for a layering effect).  As mentioned above given the same amounts of flour and fat, leaving larger pieces of fat equals more gluten formation and, therefore, flakiness. Leaving smaller pieces of fat equals less gluten formation and, therefore, tenderness. Your dough at this stage of the recipe will be a mixture of different gluten strengths since it is almost impossible to make a totally homogeneous dough at home. The major idea at this stage of the process is to exploit these gluten differences to achieve a desired degree of lamination (layering) in the final baked good. That is at this stage your dough (after you have added the liquid and mixed it until it just holds together), will have different layers of relatively gluten-rich (tougher) dough (the more floury parts of the dough), and layers of relatively gluten-free (tender-er) dough with small pieces of fat (the more fatty parts of the dough). So at this point if we only lightly knead the dough these layers will become less distinct which means the dough will become more homogeneous so producing a more even and more tender crumb when baked. But if at this stage you only fold and turn the dough (as shown below in pictures) over itself, these different layers will remain intact but will get thinner and thinner with each fold and turn, so when the fat melts and the liquid turns to steam in the oven, this steam pushes the tougher layers apart, leading to an overall flakiness and a layering effect in the scone crumb (see picture of the buttermilk biscuit above). So if you want an even more tender crumb just lightly knead (much like you would knead bread but with a very very light touch) the turned-out dough a few times until it looks smooth. If you want to form layers (laminations) in your final baked goods do a few folds and turns until it looks smooth. Always do at least one light knead to make the final dough structurally strong enough to raise and hold its shape whether you are aiming for a smooth tender crumb or a flaky layered crumb.
    Pat or roll out the dough – since most scone (biscuit) doughs are soft (and sticky) it is best to use your fingers to gently pat out the dough once it has been kneaded or folded and turned. Use a very light touch with little pressure while forming the dough rectangle to be cut into rounds for the scones. If you want tall scones then pat out the dough tall, about 3/4 inch to 1 inch (2 cm to 2½ cm) thick is about right.
    Cutting out your scones – use a well-floured scone (biscuit) cutter for each round that you stamp out from the dough. That is dip your cleaned cutter into fresh plain flour before each separate cut. Do not twist the cutter while stamping out the scone, push down firmly until you can feel the board then lift the cutter the round should stay inside the cutter then gently remove it from the cutter  and place the round onto the baking dish. You can use a sharp knife to cut out other shapes if you wish from the dough, also the knife should be floured before each cut as well. 
    Baking your scones – always preheat your oven when baking scones. Place each scone almost touching onto the baking dish this encourages the scones to raise and also keeps the sides soft and moist. If you want crisp sides widely space your scones on the baking dish. Don’t over-bake your scones. Over-baking for even a minute or two will dry your scones out. As soon as the sides begin to turn brown and are set, remove them from the oven. Immediately, place the scones on a wire rack—the hot pan will continue to dry the scones.
    Extra comments about resting the dough – I found in my researches that a number of respected sources mentioned resting the dough in various stages in the recipe. Surprisingly this advice is sound. I found that if you rested the just mixed dough (in the fridge) for 20 minutes there was a huge improvement in the dough's handling qualities and the final scones height, lightness and crumb were outstanding. Also I found that if you rest your patted out dough covered in plastic for 10 minutes in the fridge that the rounds are easier to stamp out and the final baked goods raise higher and have a better crumb. Also you can rest your stamped out rounds in the fridge for a couple of hours without harm so you can make your scones place them into the fridge and then at your leisure bake them later great for dinner parties etc. This is possible because modern baking powder is double action, i.e. there is another release of gas when you bake the rounds in the heat of the oven.

    Troubleshooting  
    Problems with bitter after-taste or dry chalky mouth-feel

    The biggest problem that scone/biscuits can sometimes have is an after-taste (sometimes described as metallic or a salty chemical taste) or the mouthfeel is dry and chalky (i.e. the crumb is tough and doesn't have enough moisture).

    If the problem is the after-taste try these tips
    • use freshly opened raising agents, many people claim old baking powder has a stronger taste
    • look for a single action baking powder (that only uses baking soda and cream of tar tar with a little cornflour) or make your own, since some double action baking powders can have metallic salts in them which some people can taste even in small quantities. Also keep in mind that homemade baking powder works faster and at a lower temperature, so put your recipe together quickly
    • look for a double action baking powder that uses non-metallic ingredients in it, check the ingredients listing on the packet.
    • use less baking powder
    • if you used an acidic liquid (buttermilk etc) and did not use some baking soda with the normal baking powder then some of the acid in the liquid wouldn't have been neutralised so leaving some salts behind causing the salty aftertase, that is make sure you are using the correct combination of agents for the liquids that you use, see the link below for full details about this. 
    • use only baking soda and an acidic liquid (buttermilk) like in the famous Irish Soda bread which very few people complain about having an aftertaste
    • use bakers' ammonium (available from King Arthur's flour) it was one of the most common chemical raising agents in the old days before modern baking powder, it smells like ammonia when baking but the ammonia smell totally dissipates and this chemical leaves nothing behind. I use it a lot in my baking it really gives baked goods that old-fashioned taste that people really can pick up on also it gives cookies extra crispness when baked.   

    See here for a comprehensive posting on baking powder/baking soda and how to use them in recipes.
    See here for the most interesting discussion on the use of baking soda and baking powder

    If the problem is the mouthfeel try these tips
    • try smaller sized scones and bake them quickly in a very hot oven and make the dough wetter since large sized scones using a drier dough baked in a moderate oven will give you a dryer crumb therefore a dry chalky mouthfeel
    • over-handled dough will lead to a dry mouth
    • eat them immediately fresh out of the oven, scones do really suffer (they become dry and tough) when stored for any length of time
    • try using more fat about 1/4 cup+ per cup of flour - more fat gives moister crumb. Also try using all shortening, since shortening contains no water or milk solids it gives a very tender crumb.
    • use this great recipe they are called "a touch of grace" biscuits they are the most tender and moist biscuits (scones) that I have had.
    • some people claim that a very hot oven is best to start the baking process then lower the temperature to moderate to finish baking the scones

    The problem lopsided scones
    About lop-sided scones this is usually caused by uneven cutting out of the scone. Some hints
    1. Clean and flour the scone cutter (by rubbing off any wet dough and then dipping the cutter into fresh flour the entire height of the cutter) every time you stamp out each round. Remember not to twist when you are stamping out the scones. If you are using a knife remember to clean and flour it for each cut.
    2. Try to pat out or roll out the dough as evenly as possible.
    3. Did you sift the dry ingredients three times? (uneven distribution of ingredients can lead to uneven scones).
    4. Try to get the scone out of the cutter by applying gentle even pressure on the entire scone circumference that way you do not compress just one place so making that area less tender so raising less when cooked.
    5. Turn the cut scone upside down onto the baking dish, since this side will be flatter than the patted out top surface.
    6. Only glaze the tops of the scone, a small amount of liquid on the sides will inhibit raise in that area.
    7. Some people like to use a fork and prick some holes in the top of the unbaked scones supposedly this helps the scone raise evenly.
    8. Also some people like to use their thumb and press a small hollow into the top of the scone supposedly this helps the scone raise evenly.
    9. A good article about "making the perfect scone" see here it goes through a lot of the best scone recipes by master bakers.
    10. Try this recipe and its method from Bakers' 911 which seems to make straight-sided scones even from wavy-sided cutters

    How to test baking soda
    1. Place a 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda into a tablespoon of vinegar it should bubble a lot.

    How to test your single action baking powder
    1. Place a teaspoon of baking powder into a cup, add 1/4 cup room temperature water it should bubble a lot.

    How to test your double action baking powder
    1. Place a teaspoon of baking powder into a cup, add 1/4 cup room temperature water it should bubble a lot.
    2. Wait 30 secs and then place your cup into the microwave heat for about 30 secs until about 180F it should bubble again.
    3. If it doesn't then discard and buy a new jar.

    How to test your self-raising flour - add one tablespoon of S.R. flour into some hot water it should bubble a bit. Or try adding some vinegar and see if it bubbles. Usually SR flour is only good for about three months.

    The problem an unreliable oven
    1. Try and use heavy grade dark metal baking dishes which give the best heat distribution.
    2. If your oven heating cycle is unreliable (varies the temperature a lot) lower the temperature to hot 220C (430F), preheat the oven along with a heavy metal baking dish for a good 20 mins then bake the scones on the baking dish which acts as a heat sink helping to bake the scones more evenly. Try to bake smaller sized scones which helps with a constantly varying temperature.
    3. If your oven has hot spots which mine does just rotate the dish at about 3/4 of the total baking time.

    The problem my dairy-free margarine doesn't do a good job of cutting in
    1. Just melt the margarine and add it to the liquid and proceed as normal (this is the best you can do if the margarine is "bad for cutting-in or just bad for scones" in the first place).

    Mandatory Items: You must make one batch of basic scones (i.e. basic biscuits using the North American name). The challenge recipe has been designed to be fast, very cheap and easy to follow so allowing for multiple attempts to be made until you can achieve your desired result. I encourage you to make a couple of batches to see how small changes in technique can obtain vastly different final baked products. I estimate all of my 16 experimental batches cost less than $4 and took about four hours, so please do take this opportunity to explore the possibilities of the different techniques and advice that have been presented here in this challenge. I have included a number of links to the most popular scone (biscuit) recipes (and variations) in a number of countries feel free to use these if you can make a good basic scone (biscuit) already.  

    Variations allowed:  A number of variations (cheese and chives, herb, etc) on the basic challenge recipe are included use them if you wish.  

    Preparation time: Scones: Preparation time less than 10 minutes. Baking time about 10 minutes.

    Equipment required:
    Large mixing bowl
    Baking dish
    Measuring cups and  spoons (optional)
    Flour Sifter (optional)
    Board (optional)
    Scone (biscuit) cutter (optional) or knife (optional)
    Dough scraper (optional)
    Spatula (optional)
    Weighing scale (optional)
    Cooling rack (optional)
    Pastry brush (optional)

    Basic Scones (a.k.a. Basic Biscuits)
    Servings: about eight 2-inch (5 cm) scones or five 3-inch (7½ cm) scones
    Recipe can be doubled

    Ingredients:
    1 cup (240 ml) (140 gm/5 oz) plain (all-purpose) flour
    2 teaspoons (10 ml) (10 gm) (⅓ oz) fresh baking powder
    ¼ teaspoon (1¼ ml) (1½ gm) salt
    2 tablespoons (30 gm/1 oz) frozen grated butter (or a combination of lard and butter)
    approximately ½ cup (120 ml) cold milk
    optional 1 tablespoon milk, for glazing the tops of the scones

    Directions:
    1. Preheat oven to very hot 475°F/240°C/gas mark 9. 
    2. Triple sift the dry ingredients into a large bowl. (If your room temperature is very hot refrigerate the sifted ingredients until cold.)
    3. Rub the frozen grated butter (or combination of fats) into the dry ingredients until it resembles very coarse bread crumbs with some pea-sized pieces if you want flaky scones or until it resembles coarse beach sand if you want tender scones.
    4. Add nearly all of the liquid at once into the rubbed-in flour/fat mixture and mix until it just forms a sticky dough (add the remaining liquid if needed). The wetter the dough the lighter the scones (biscuits) will be!
    5. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured board, lightly flour the top of the dough. To achieve an even homogeneous crumb to your scones knead very gently about 4 or 5 times (do not press too firmly) the dough until it is smooth. To achieve a layered effect in your scones knead very gently once (do not press too firmly) then fold and turn the kneaded dough about 3 or 4 times until the dough has formed a smooth texture. (Use a floured plastic scraper to help you knead and/or fold and turn the dough if you wish.)
    6. Pat or roll out the dough into a 6 inch by 4 inch rectangle by about ¾ inch thick (15¼ cm by 10 cm by 2 cm thick). Using a well-floured 2-inch (5 cm) scone cutter (biscuit cutter), stamp out without twisting six 2-inch (5 cm) rounds, gently reform the scraps into another ¾ inch (2 cm) layer and cut two more scones (these two scones will not raise as well as the others since the extra handling will slightly toughen the dough).  Or use a well-floured sharp knife to form squares or wedges as you desire.
    7. Place the rounds just touching on a baking dish if you wish to have soft-sided scones or place the rounds spaced widely apart on the baking dish if you wish to have crisp-sided scones. Glaze the tops with milk if you want a golden colour on your scones or lightly flour if you want a more traditional look to your scones.
    8. Bake in the preheated very hot oven for about 10 minutes  (check at 8 minutes since home ovens at these high temperatures are very unreliable) until the scones are well risen and are lightly coloured on the tops. The scones are ready when the sides are set.
    9. Immediately place onto cooling rack to stop the cooking process, serve while still warm.

    Variations on the Basic recipe
    Buttermilk – follow the Basic recipe above but replace the milk with buttermilk, add ¼ teaspoon of baking soda, increase the fat to 4 tablespoons, in Step 3 aim of pea-sized pieces of fat coated in flour, in Step 5 fold and turn the dough, rounds are just touching in the baking dish, glaze with buttermilk.
    Australian Scone Ring (Damper Ring) – follow the Basic recipe above but decrease the fat to 1 tablespoon, in Step 3 aim of fine beach sand sized pieces of fat coated in flour, in Step 5 knead the dough, in Step 7 form seven rounds into a ring shape with the eighth round as the centre, glaze with milk.
    Cream – follow the Basic recipe above but replace the milk with cream, add ¼ teaspoon of baking soda, in Step 3 aim of beach sand sized pieces of fat coated in flour, in Step 5 knead the dough, rounds are just touching in the baking dish, glaze with cream.
    Cheese and Chive – follow the Basic recipe above but add ¼ teaspoon of baking soda, after Step 2 add ½ teaspoon sifted mustard powder, ¼ teaspoon sifted cayenne pepper (optional), ½ cup (60 gm/2 oz) grated cheese and 2 tablespoons finely chopped chives into the sifted ingredients, in Step 3 aim of beach sand sized pieces of fat coated in flour, in Step 5 knead the dough, rounds are widely spaced in the baking dish, sprinkle the rounds with cracked pepper.
    Fresh Herb – follow the Basic recipe above but after Step 3 add 3 tablespoons finely chopped herbs (such as parsley, dill, chives etc).
    Sweet Fruit – follow the Basic recipe above but after Step 3 add ¼ cup (45 gm) dried fruit (e.g. sultanas, raisins, currents, cranberries, cherries etc) and 1 tablespoon (15 gm) sugar.
    Wholemeal –  follow the Basic recipe above but replace half of the plain flour with wholemeal flour.
    Wholemeal and date – follow the Basic recipe above but replace half of the plain flour with wholemeal flour and after Step 3 add ¼ cup (45 gm) chopped dates and 1 tablespoon (15 gm) sugar.     
       
    Pictorial guide to the challenge recipe
    I was at my brother's house and we had a hankering for a baked treat so I decided to make the challenge recipe also I needed some photos of the challenge recipe being made for this posting. My brother isn't a cook, all he had to hand as equipment was concerned was a mixing bowl,a thin walled 20 cm (8 inch) cake tin and a knife, he didn't even have a cup measure only mugs so I improvised.

    As you can see in the collage below I roughly chopped some butter (I eye-balled about 2 tablespoons) and froze it. Then I throw the frozen cubed butter onto one mug of cold self-raising flour I couldn't sift the flour since my brother doesn't own a sifter. Then I proceeded to rub in the butter with my fingers until I got pea-sized fat pieces coated in flour.
    Photobucket

    I added the liquid (½ mug of cold lite-milk) to the rubbed-in fat/flour mixture until I got a sticky dough I turned this out onto a floured board, I lightly floured the top of the sticky dough then I kneaded it once  then I patted it out into a rectangular shape then I proceeded to fold and turn the dough. Notice that you fold 1/3 of the dough over itself then the other 1/3 over that and turn it 90° degrees. Notice the lines on the broad this will help you understand how to do the folding and the turning.
    Photobucket

    I did a couple more folds and turns and used a well-floured knife to cut out squares of prepared dough.
    Photobucket

    Here is a close-up of the finish patted-out dough notice how you can see the fat particles in the dough this is what causes flakiness in the final baked scone.
    Photobucket

    I used the inverted cake tin as my baking dish and baked the scones in a very hot oven for 10 minutes they worked out really well I thought. Notice the nice central lamination in the scone and the great crumb and how well they rose in height.
    Photobucket

    I placed two unbaked scones in the fridge to test whether resting them for 20 minutes helped improve the raise of the final baked product. As you can see the left scone and the middle scone are taller than the right scone which was baked immediately after it was cut out from the dough. So don't worry if you cannot bake the scones straight away they do better with a little resting time. 
    Photobucket

    Videos of my sister making scones (baking powder biscuits) – using a very popular Australian recipe
    (http://www.taste.com.au/recipes/8163/basic+scones) 
    Part 1 – my sister making the scones (baking powder biscuits)
    (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZF9YJiHZ1K0)
    Part 2 – my sister showing off her scones (baking powder biscuits)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GorStLKSoMo)
    Pictures of my sister's scones
    Photobucket

    Storage & Freezing Instructions/Tips:
    Scones are best eaten warm. Scones (biscuits) are really easy to store – bag the cooked and cooled scones and freeze until needed then reheat in a moderate hot for a few minutes.


    Additional Information: 
    Australia’s most popular scone recipe uses lemon-flavoured soda pop and cream as the liquid
    (http://figjamandlimecordial.com/2010/08/08/lemonade-scones/)
    A great English scone recipe this uses more sugar and fat and has an egg
    (http://www.instructables.com/id/Perfect-English-Scones/)
    Classic Southern Buttermilk Biscuits recipe by Alton Brown
    (http://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/alton-brown/southern-biscuits-recipe/index.html)
    An index of North American recipes
    (http://allrecipes.com/Recipes/Bread/Biscuits-and-Scones/Biscuits/Top.aspx)
    Another index of North American recipes
    (http://www.breadexperience.com/biscuit-recipes.html)
    Three great Australian recipes
    (http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/homestyle/blogs/tried-and-tasted/how-to-bake-the-perfect-scone-20110504-1e7xn.html)
    An index of Irish recipes
    (http://www.littleshamrocks.com/Irish-Bread-Scone-Recipes.html)
    An interesting discussion on “what makes a scone a scone”
    (http://chowhound.chow.com/topics/810928)  
    Videos of Alton Brown making biscuits (scones) with his granny (super cute to watch)
    Episode one ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3QuQSdjMVE)
    Episode two (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qcz4JQUwY9Q)
    Links to advice about chemical raising agents
    http://www.seriouseats.com/2010/06/what-is-the-difference-between-baking-powder-and-baking-soda-in-pancakes.html
    http://www.kingarthurflour.com/tips/quick-bread-primer.html 

    Disclaimer:
    The Daring Kitchen and its members in no way suggest we are medical professionals and therefore are NOT responsible for any error in reporting of “alternate baking/cooking”.  If you have issues with digesting gluten, then it is YOUR responsibility to research the ingredient before using it.  If you have allergies, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. If you are lactose intolerant, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. If you are vegetarian or vegan, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. The responsibility is YOURS regardless of what health issue you’re dealing with. Please consult your physician with any questions before using an ingredient you are not familiar with.  Thank you! :)[/quote]
              Step 14: Attaching the Clutch (clutch disc and pressure plate) to the Flywheel        
    Description: Attaching the clutch disc and pressure plate to the flywheel/engine.

    Tools Needed: Torque Wrench (13mm socket), Clutch pilot tool.

    Estimated Time: 30 - 45 minutes.

    Caveats: None to mention.

    Purpose of this step: The clutch fits on the flywheel, which is already attached to the electric engine in the same way it was set up on the gas motor. This is the last step before hooking the engine/flywheel/clutch to the transmission.



    This was actually fairly easy. The clutch pilot tool fits into the hub from the previous step to hold up the clutch disc until you have the pressure plate mounted to the flywheel.




    The clutch disc is set with the hub facing out (I believe) as pictured here.







    Next you put on the pressure plate. You use the same bolts (hopefully you saved them) to attach the pressure plate to the flywheel with the clutch disc between them. You might need to tighten the bolts a bit to get the pressure plate to pop over the dowels on the flywheel.





    The bolts are tightened to 18 foot pounds. You need the flywheel lock on to effectively tighten them.







    That's about it. Pull off the flywheel lock and take out the clutch pilot tool.









    Next up is attaching the engine/flywheel/clutch assembly to the transmission. In preparation, they recommend taping over the "headbands" so that any particles from drilling will not get inside of the engine. I'll probably do the next step next weekend. Supposedly, my motor mount is going to be sent out next week, so I will hopefully have all of this installed under the car soon.
              How to Clean a Keyboard Laptop        

    It is often said that the dirtiest part of the human body is the hands, and this is most likely true. Our hands are usually the part of our body that comes into contact with the most number of items on a daily basis and hence hold the greatest variety of miniature foreign particles and […]

    The post How to Clean a Keyboard Laptop appeared first on Interior Decorating Tips.


              How to Clean a Plasma Screen        

    One of the perks of a plasma screen TV is that it provides clear and quality pictures when watching different TV programs. Unfortunately, dirt and other foreign marks and particles on the TV’s plasma screen could compromise the high quality of the pictures. In order to make the most out of one’s plasma screen TV […]

    The post How to Clean a Plasma Screen appeared first on Interior Decorating Tips.


              Senior Analytical Scientist, Nanoparticle Characterization        
    NY-Pearl River, The qualified candidate will lead the design and implementation of analytical assays in support of new polymeric nanoparticles and liposomal formulations. The colleague will work with a cross-functional development team and apply a variety of analytical methodologies to support physical and chemical characterization of API, polymeric nanoparticles and liposomal formulations. The candidate should b
              Principal Scientist, Polymeric Nanoparticle Formulation        
    NY-Pearl River, A Principal Scientist position is available for a highly motivated and creative candidate to work on polymeric nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems for oncology drug delivery. This is a scientific leadership role within Formulation, Analytics, and Conjugation and he/she will be responsible for polymer synthesis and analytical aspect of polymers, design of nano formulations and characterization
              Blog Post: Beyond: Two Souls A Game Unlike Any Other         

    Going in to Beyond: Two Souls I wasn't sure to what to expect. Since its release in October I've heard a multitude of opinions, most of which have been polarizing and often times contradicting. At the time many renowned journalist and gamers alike gave Beyond: Two Souls unimpressive scores, while others vehemently sang its praises. Some have told me to "stay away from it", that it's "not much of a game". Yet some of my friends have told me that it's "dope" and an "unforgettable experience". Why so many opposing opinions? I suppose it could all be chalked up to personal preference. That being said, while my review may not serve as that needed guiding light amidst the sea of confusion I will try my best to provide an unbiased and accurate account of what I've experienced.

     

    What is Beyond: Two Souls

    To sum it up briefly for those who may be unfamiliar with the title, Beyond: Two Souls is an interactive drama game release October 8th 2013, that revolves around a protagonist by the name of Jodie played by none other than Ellen Page, and the mysterious spirit attached to her. The game spans a whopping 15 years, chronicling Jodie's journey through life all the while being bound to inexplicable entity. Among Ellen Page, the all-star cast consists of big name stars such as William Dafoe and Kadeem Hardison.

     

    Narrative

    Let us start with the narrative. Beyond: Two Souls is a game whose narrative could be best described as surreptitious. The lack of a consistent chronological order results in a cryptic timeline left for the player to decode and the load screens to piece together. Even after finishing the game there are still a few sequences whose proper order I am uncertain of. Might this be frustrating? For some players yes, indeed it was. For me, overall I found it challenging and suspenseful. Not knowing what would come next and seeing how an event in Jodie's adolescence connected to an occurrence in her childhood was an exciting experience. The absence of a coherent passage of time makes the decisions you make all the more difficult. You are not only without knowledge of how these decisions may affect your future but you are also without knowledge of past events in Jodie's life, leaving you with no guide on how to approach her current situation. This strange choice in storytelling makes for an interesting scenario when making important choices and leaves you open to unknowingly creating a less desirable outcome for yourself. Even still, if you do not find Quantic Dream's attempt at raising the stakes to be a justifiable enough reason to dismember and dishevel the storyline you can at least take solace in knowing that the cause of such a peculiar approach to the games narrative is explained at the end of the game making it less out of place than it may initially seem.

    Moving away from the confusing sequence of events, Beyond: Two Souls does an excellent job of making you feel for the protagonist and even some of the side characters. Scenes of a helpless and forsaken child, the struggles of the lost and demoralized homeless, and the almost constant looming presence of death all make for blockbuster worthy tearjerkers. There may even be moments when you're shouting at your TV screen, or times when you sit in utter silence reflecting on the severity of Jodie's predicament. Whatever you reaction may be one thing is for certain, you will have a reaction. Quantic Dream absolutely went out of their way to make the player feel and it's one trophy they've most certainly earned.

     

    Graphics

    The graphics in Beyond: Two Souls are breathtaking! They are probably the best PlayStation 3 graphics that I've seen to date.  While Beyond: Two Souls doesn't perfectly nail Nikon quality realism there were times that I had to double take because the facial shots looked so realistic. If you thought Heavy Rain's graphics were incredible then it's safe to say that you'll be blown away by those of Beyond: Two Souls. Even small particles at times appear with perfect clarity, something that not many game developers have been able execute. However, even though Beyond: Two Souls flawlessly pulls off facial graphics at times the remainder of a characters body can appear stiff and generic. While this is not a persistent issue, it does exist and it's one I'd like to see resolved in future Quantic Dream productions.

     

    Gameplay

    One of the biggest arguments against Beyond: Two Souls is that it lacks gameplay. I believe that the correct argument would be to say that it lacks traditional gameplay. Beyond: Two Souls consists of a mixture of simple motions and Quick Time Events with a tad bit of strategic button pressing. You can fight a host of enemies in hand to hand combat, stealthily move about rooftops to avoid potential combatants, send your tethered soul Aiden off to wreak havoc, use your psychic prowess to see in to the windows of the past, or even just use the controls to pick up your favorite stuffed animal. The reality is there is more that you can do, than there is that you can't do. Given the cocktail of ways to approach the environment it almost doesn't make since to insinuate that there is no gameplay. I think the problem for some people is not so much the lack of gameplay but the inability to spontaneously choose how to interact with the environment. In some situations you'll simply be able to use the controls to navigate Jodie or Aiden and examine items. There are even some instances where you are even restricted in which soul (either Jodie or Aiden) that you can use. Overall no game is one hundred percent freedom of choice, however the gameplay in Beyond: Two Souls is indeed heavily scripted and for some such rigorous linearity can become trite and mundane.

     

    Controls

    I cannot speak of the gameplay without speaking of the controls. The controls were by far my biggest and perhaps only serious issue that I have with Beyond: Two Souls. They made the gameplay down right painful at times. I cannot begin to tell you how often I found myself repeatedly walking in and out of the same door frame simply because I could not master the ability to move with the camera. But the changing camera angles aren't the only reason I had difficulty. In the fight scenes and QTE's you are tasked with reading Jodie's body movement and in response you are supposed to move in the direction that she moves. The issue is that I often couldn't tell where she was moving! Just as I would think I've finally got things down packed she'd move in a way I just couldn't quite decipher and everything would begin to go downhill from there. I believe that it's safe to say that if Beyond: Two Souls wasn't such a linear game the poor control scheme would have resulted in many a "Game Over" screens. As I've only played Beyond: Two Souls all the way through once I can't say with certainty as to whether or not your  performance in the fight scenes really makes a difference to the story or not, but if by chance it does that is all the more reason to dislike the poor controls. Luckily, the storyline progresses whether you perfectly completed a fight scene or not, however that does not excuse the iffy control scheme!

     

    So what's the verdict?

    Overall I would say that Beyond: Two Souls is a great game! The storyline is interesting and at times extremely moving. The decisions, while sometimes seemingly insignificant are weighty and challenging in terms of predicting the resulting outcome. The graphics are superb and almost always unfaltering. And the gameplay, while frustrating to some is different and innovative to others. However the control scheme is at times abysmal and has a tendency to consistently negatively affect gameplay. And as well written as the game is, and as much as it makes you feel for Jodie, there are other characters whose purpose you'll be left pondering as they are immediately made irrelevant by a shift in the timeline, and most often in my experience never revisited. Beyond: Two Souls is most certainly a great game but it is not without its flaws. Because of this, I would give it an 8 out of 10. However, due of the variations in every individuals personal preference it is a game that I recommend everyone to go play and see for themselves. 


              Blog Post: Between Living and Dead        

    Originally posted on my website, www.bruisedthumbs.com :

    The argument of whether or not games can be more than just a game is something that has always interested Beyond: Two Souls writer and director, David Cage. He has always advocated that games can be “experiences” that allow players to travel with a playable character in the carefully orchestrated worlds he’s created. His and Quantic Dream’s last attempt at having an interactive journey, Heavy Rain, proved that this dream could be possible, but could his newest supernatural  thriller accomplish and build on his goals?

    Beyond: Two Souls tells the story of Jodie Holmes -- played perfectly by Ellen Page (Inception, Juno) -- as she grows and adapts to having the entity, Aiden, constantly leashed to her. The course of the “game” takes place over more than 15 years of Jodie’s life which is something I was extremely intrigued to see implemented smoothly. Unfortunately, it is not. The “game” constantly bounces back and forth through time which if it were presented properly, could deliver some great “did not see that coming” moments. Movies like Memento prove that if you present a work of fiction in an intelligent way, it allows for the viewer to discover the story as bits and fragments are introduced. Beyond can sometimes feel like there was a “game” put together that went from start to finish and, like some movies, went into the editing department to be hacked to the point that the story became a disjointed mess. More times than I’d like to remember I had to stop and think, “What the hell just happened? How old is Jodie supposed to be here?” or, “Where does this fit in the timeline?” Those are questions that should rarely come out of a viewer’s mouth but if they are, should be addressed accordingly. That isn’t saying that the “game” doesn’t have any redeemable qualities that warrant playing.

    For starters, Beyond’s performances are top-notch as Page, Willem Dafoe (Platoon), and Kadeem Hardison (A Different World) collectively show what the future of performance can be as video games continue to progress as a medium. A large amount of kudos to not only the actors, but David Cage for getting some truly emotional moments captured in “game”. There was even a moment or two that really got to me on a deeply emotional level which is something I rarely feel in video games, let alone other mediums. One of the most touching sequences can be found in the homeless memory in which Jodie encounters Stan in a standout performance presented by David Coburn. If there is one thing to say of Cage, his ability to capture the warmth of Stan, Dawkins (Dafoe), and Freeman (Hardison) is unparalleled to many video game creators out there. Hardison’s portrayal of Freeman is also particularly worth noting as seeing his relationship with Jodie develop and grow was one of the best interactions shown throughout Beyond. The ability to capture these emotions in a realistic fashion owes a great deal to the tech powering Beyond.

    Quantic Dream’s performance capture studio is easily one of the best in the business and the engine Beyond is built with provides for some of the best graphical fidelity I’ve seen on this console generation. Character facial animations are life-like. The lighting is realistic. Even the particle effects are some of the best around. If there is anything you can count on it’s that Beyond does not struggle at looking fantastic. When Aiden uses his ability to possess or kill powers, the lighting and particles combine for some visuals that parallel, or even rival, the graphical fidelity of the PS4. Beyond really is a stunning “game” to look at.

    You may have noticed that while reading this review that the word game is consistently in quotes. That’s because it is more of a movie or television series than an actual video game that we’ve become accustomed to over the years. For those annoyed with Heavy Rain for the amount of interactive cut scenes that were presented, the chances that you will enjoy Beyond are slim-to-none. Players complete actions following button prompts and holds, much like Heavy Rain, as well as use the right joystick to react to Jodie’s momentum.  When in fights or intense situations, time slows down (not controlled by the player) and Jodie’s direction will shift. At this point players flick the right joystick in the direction matching her movement. I was actually more annoyed with this control scheme than actually enjoying it. It was difficult to see where the momentum was taking Jodie which resulted in a ton of mistakes. Unfortunately, there isn’t much in terms repercussion as I was being carefully guided through the experience.

    [View:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=11_fGBHGmGc&feature=share&list=PLnsTCwfKV9M90Yd8QYjCIpRAYQoLTlxe6]

    An unexpected play option called “Duo” allows players to play with a friend as each player selects to control either Jodie or Aiden. This mode can be played using either the DualShock 3 or an iOS/Android companion app. I often think mixing an iPhone with a gaming experience can be gimmicky, but in the case of Beyond, it can create a very unique experience for novice and expert gamers alike; sometimes even enhancing the experience since touch controls with Aiden are simple enough for anybody to join. I would not, however, recommend controlling Jodie with a touch device as her movements feel more natural with the DualShock.

    Beyond: Two Souls is the last great showing in the strength of the PS3. There are great moments in the journey, but the overall lacking of a comprehensive story pulls it back into the realm of experimental. Cage’s ambition is admirable, but I fear that he may be a better fit in the world of film and television rather than video games. That isn’t to say Beyond wasn’t a great experience. I am saying that if Cage doesn’t begin incorporating simple game features like being able to control the character for more than 5 hours of a 12 hour experience, the niche consumer base may not be there after his next project. The potential is there and the pieces to the puzzle are in place, but the disjointed storytelling and lack of gameplay prevent Cage’s PS3 sendoff from being something great. 


              Adey Magnaclean Twin Tech 22mm        
    Adey Magnaclean Twin Tech 22mm

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              RedPenで技術文書の誤りを指摘してもらおう        

    自然言語の誤りを指摘してくれるRedPenを手元で使えるようにしてみました、という記事です。気が向いたので、色々書いてみました。

    エンジニアであっても意外と文書を書いたり見たりする機会が多い

    エンジニアとしてはてなに入社後、コードレビューをする機会はもちろん多いですが、意外と自然言語(私の場合は日本語、英語がメイン)のレビューをする機会も多いことに気が付きました。他人の書いた文書に対するレビューに限らず、自分の書いた文書に対するレビューも含みます。

    自然言語も機械が勝手に間違いを指摘して欲しい

    プログラムでは各言語のlinterやciのテストを通すことで、レビュー前に単純な誤りに気づくことができます。typoやsyntax errorのようなささいなことを人間がやっていると疲れるので、機械が勝手にやってくれるのはいいですね。自然言語にもlinterっぽいものはいくつかあって、例えばMicrosoftのwordなどはそうでしょう。研究論文を書いてるときに簡単な誤りはwordに投げてざっとチェックして、というのをやっていました。

    しかし、技術文書をwordに投げるとうまくいかないことが多いです。私の場合、markdownで文書を書く機会が多いですが、markdownのsyntaxをwordは当然ながら解釈してくれません。markdownのsyntaxに関する赤線なのか、日本語の文法としておかしいことへの赤線なのかを人間が判断していると、これまた消耗します。私はとにかく消耗したくないのです。

    自然言語もルールで分かることは機械(RedPen)に指摘してもらう

    自然言語もプログラミング言語と同様に文法を持ちますが、最大の違いは曖昧性の有無でしょう。自然言語処理の大部分は曖昧性をいかに扱うかとの戦いといっても過言ではありません。自然言語処理の研究分野でも最近誤り訂正の話題は活発に議論されていて、コンペティションも開かれています。Shared taskで有名なCoNLLでも2013年にテーマになりました。

    100%に近い精度を出すことがまだまだ難しいため、このように研究分野になっているわけですが、ルールでも分かる簡単なものは将来と言わず今でも指摘して欲しいです。RedPenはその要望を満たしてくれるソフトウェアの1つです。

    文書をコードとして扱う from Recruit Technologies

    詳しい機能はサイトを見てもらうといいですが、私がよいと感じたのは以下の部分です。

    • 様々なマークアップ言語に対応している
      • markdownを含め、LaTeXにも対応
    • 日本語や英語など様々な言語に対応
    • 必要ない指摘は設定でオフにできる
      • 「誤りと指摘されたこの箇所は自分は誤りだとは思わない」というのがよくあるパターンですが、うざいと思ったら設定でオフにできます

    インストールも簡単でした。

    % brew install redpen
    

    予想通り、指摘が多かったため、設定で以下の項目はオフにしました。

    • InvalidSymbol
    • KatakanaEndHyphen
    • EmptySection

    指摘例

    最近書いたブログの元テキストをRedPenに流してみました。私の場合、特に一文が長い表現を書いてしまう傾向があるのですが、SentenceLengthやCommaNumberで怒ってくれているのはまさにそれですね。

    % redpen --format markdown --conf /usr/local/Cellar/redpen/1.8.0/libexec/conf/redpen-conf-ja.xml ~/Dropbox/_posts/2017-03-20-清算用Slack-botを書いた.md 2>/dev/null
    2017-03-20-清算用Slack-botを書いた.md:14: ValidationError[SentenceLength], 文長("121")が最大値 "100" を超えています。 at line: 昔のことは忘れてしまうので、清算用のSpreadsheetを作ろうとしましたが、出先で開くのは手間なので、slackからできるといいよねという妻の声がありましたが、外部でちょうどいいサーバーを持っていなかったので、そのときは流れました...。
    2017-03-20-清算用Slack-botを書いた.md:14: ValidationError[CommaNumber], カンマの数 (5) が最大の "3" を超えています。 at line: 昔のことは忘れてしまうので、清算用のSpreadsheetを作ろうとしましたが、出先で開くのは手間なので、slackからできる といいよねという妻の声がありましたが、外部でちょうどいいサーバーを持っていなかったので、そのときは流れました...。
    2017-03-20-清算用Slack-botを書いた.md:14: ValidationError[DoubledConjunctiveParticleGa], 一文に逆説の接続助詞 "が" が複数回使用されています。 at line: 昔のことは忘れてしまうので、清算用のSpreadsheetを作ろうとしましたが、出先で開くのは手 間なので、slackからできるといいよねという妻の声がありましたが、外部でちょうどいいサーバーを持っていなかったので、そのときは流れました...。
    2017-03-20-清算用Slack-botを書いた.md:24: ValidationError[InvalidExpression], 不正な表現 "俺" がみつかりました。 at line: 俺は好きなエディタで書きたいし、gitでコード管理したいし、何ならTypeScriptで書きたいんじゃー、と思っていたところでいいエントリを見つけました。
    2017-03-20-清算用Slack-botを書いた.md:29: ValidationError[InvalidExpression], 不正な表現 "最高" がみつかりました。 at line: 最高です、IDEAでリファクタリングや定義元に戻るとかもできるようになったので完璧です。

    EmacsからRedPenを使う

    Emacsで技術文書を書くことが多いので、Eamcs内からRedPenを叩けるとよさそうですが、すでに作っている方がいらっしゃいました。

    作者の方がインストールの手間が省けるように、ディフォルトでは(作者が立てた)Herokuサーバーを見に行くようになっています。私の場合、オフラインで動いて欲しいことや社外に出すとまずい文書でも動いて欲しいということがあるため、設定でローカルのRedPenを見に行くように変更しました。

    (el-get-bundle karronoli/redpen-paragraph.el)
    
    (define-key markdown-mode-map (kbd "C-c C-r") 'redpen-paragraph)
    
    (defvar redpen-commands
      '("redpen --format markdown --result-format json2 --conf /usr/local/Cellar/redpen/1.8.0/libexec/conf/redpen-conf-en.xml %s 2>/dev/null"
        "redpen --format markdown --result-format json2 --conf /usr/local/Cellar/redpen/1.8.0/libexec/conf/redpen-conf-ja.xml %s 2>/dev/null"))
    
    (defvar redpen-paragraph-force-reading-whole t)
    

    これでC-c C-rで校正の結果が出てきて、編集すべき箇所にすぐに飛べるようになったので、快適になりました。

    まとめ

    機械で指摘してくれる箇所は機械にやってもらって、人間はもっと本質的なところを考える時間を増やしていきたいですね。

    理科系の作文技術 (中公新書 (624))

    理科系の作文技術 (中公新書 (624))


              Comentario en Biografía del Universo 12: Los hadrones por jreguart        

    Hola Nahuel,

    te recomiendo la lectura del siguiente artículo en donde se completa mucho más lo poco que apunto respecto a las interioridades de neutrones y protones: https://profmattstrassler.com/articles-and-posts/particle-physics-basics/the-structure-of-matter/protons-and-neutrons/

    Como verás, en el artículo se explica cómo dentro de los nucleones se apelmazan además de los tres quarks "estandar" y los tres gluones "ligadorse" muchos más gluones y quarks de todos los tipos, surgidos de las inestabilidades cuánticas en forma de pares partícula-antipartícula, que no sólo se aniquilan de nuevo entre ellos sino que también interactúan entre ellos dando otro tipo de partículas.

    Los piones son intermediadores de la fuerza nuclear fuerte en su segunda derivada. No están dentro de los nucleones sino que su trabajo consiste en ligar protones y neutrones dentro del núcleo sin que este se desintegre por las repulsiones de las cargas positivas de los protones. Los gluones están en los nucleones pero los piones están fuera de los nucleones.

    Me alegro que te guste la serie y espero que no coja mucho peso de forma que no se nos haga muy pesada. Un saludo ¿desde dónde la distancia?


              Deepening Customer Relationships with Contextual Content        

    Guest post by Rebecca Lieb and Jaimy Szymanski, Content: The Atomic Particle of Marketing In the “phygital” world that marries our physical and digital presences, content is ubiquitous. Only by offering content through the lens of context can marketers achieve relevancy to today’s uber-connected consumer. Beacons, sensors and the Internet of Things (IoT) are moving marketing past the screen to the objects, places, and even the conditions (weather, holidays, sales) we occupy and experience in the real world. Contextual marketing...

    The post Deepening Customer Relationships with Contextual Content appeared first on Brian Solis.


              Fukushima hot particle update        
    SUBHEAD: New study of hot particles shows full radiation risks from Fukushima meltdowns are not recorded.

    By Arne Gundersen on 27 July 2017 for Fairwinds Associates -
    (http://www.fairewinds.org/newsletter-archive//press-release-radioactively-hot-particles-in-japan)


    Image above: Scientist gathers particle sample along curb in Japan for radioactive analysis. Photo by Mikeo Kawasaki. From (http://audioslides.elsevier.com/viewersmall.aspx?doi=10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.07.091&source=0).

    Today, the scientific journal Science of the Total Environment (STOTEN) published a peer-reviewed article entitled: Radioactively-hot particles detected in dusts and soils from Northern Japan by combination of gamma spectrometry, autoradiography, and SEM/EDS analysis and implications in radiation risk assessment.

    Co-authored by Dr. Marco Kaltofen, Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), and Arnie Gundersen, Fairewinds Energy Education, the article details the analysis of radioactively hot particles collected in Japan following the Fukushima Dai-ichi meltdowns.                          

    Highlights

    • Radioactive particles from Fukushima are tracked via dusts, soils, and sediments.
    • Radioactive dust impacts are tracked in both Japan and the United States/Canada.
    • Atypically-radioactive particles from reactor cores are identified in house dusts.
    • Scanning electron microscopy with X-ray analysis is used for forensic examinations.

    Based on 415 samples of radioactive dust from Japan, the USA, and Canada, the study identified a statistically meaningful number of samples that were considerably more radioactive than current radiation models anticipated. If ingested, these more radioactive particles increase the risk of suffering a future health problem.

    “Measuring radioactive dust exposures can be like sitting by a fireplace,” Dr. Kaltofen said. “Near the fire you get a little warm, but once in a while the fire throws off a spark that can actually burn you.”
    The same level of risk exists in Japan. While most people have an average level of risk, a few people get an extra spark from a hot particle.

    According to Dr. Kaltofen, “The average radiation exposures we found in Japan matched-up nicely with other researchers.  We weren’t trying to see just somebody’s theoretical average result.  We looked at how people actually encounter radioactive dust in their real lives.

    Combining microanalytical methods with traditional health physics models,” he added, “we found that some people were breathing or ingesting enough radioactive dust to have a real increase in their risk of suffering a future health problem.

    This was especially true of children and younger people, who inhale or ingest proportionately more dust than adults.”

    Fairewinds’ book Fukushima Dai-ichi: The Truth and the Way Forward was published in Japan by Shueisha Publishing, just prior to the one-year commemoration of the tsunami and meltdowns. “Our book,”

    Mr. Gundersen said, “which is a step-by-step factual account of the reactor meltdowns, was a best seller in Japan and enabled us to build amazing relations with people actually living in Japan, who are the source of the samples we analyzed.

    We measured things like house dusts, air filters, and even car floor mats.  Collecting such accurate data shows the importance of citizen science, crowd sourcing, and the necessity of open, public domain data for accurate scientific analysis.”

    Fairewinds Energy Education founder Maggie Gundersen said, “We are very thankful to the scientists and citizen scientists in Japan, who sought our assistance in collecting and analyzing this data. We will continue to support ongoing scientific projects examining how people in Japan and throughout the world experience radioactive dust in their daily lives."

    The complete peer reviewed report and project audio description by Dr. Kaltofen are available here at the Science of the Total Environment website.  

    Interactive data and the supporting materials are available here at the Fairewinds Energy Education website.

    Also see slide presentation by Dr. Marco Kaltofen (http://audioslides.elsevier.com/viewersmall.aspx?doi=10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.07.091&source=0


    Video above: Arne Gundersen about hot particles. Tokyo soil samples would be considered nuclear waste in the USA. From (https://vimeo.com/38995781).

    See also:
    Ea O Ka Aina: E-Fukushima bosses on trial 6/25/17
    Ea O Ka Aina: Tepco plan to dump tainted water 7/14/17
    Ea O Ka Aina: Stop Fukushima as Olympic venue 5/10/17
    Ea O Ka Aina: Continuing Fukushima danger 4/14/17
    Ea O Ka Aina: Continuing Fukushima danger 4/14/17
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima worse than ever 2/5/17
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima radiation on West Coast 1/13/17
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima cleanup cost to double 12/9/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Tokyo damaged by nuclear pellet rain 9/24/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Nuclear Power and Climate Failure 8/24/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: High radioactivity in Tokyo 8/22/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Nuclear Blinders 8/18/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima and Chernobyl 5/29/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima radiation damages Japan 4/14/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima's Nuclear Nightmare 3/13/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fifth Fukushima Anniversary 3/11/16
    Green Road Jounral: Balls filled with Uranium, Plutonium 2/19/16
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima impacts are ongoing 11/8/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Petroleum and Nuclear Coverups 10/21/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Radiation Contamination 10/13/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Radioactive floods damage Japan 9/22/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fir trees damaged by Fukushima 8/30/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Japan restarts a nuclear plant 8/11/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima disaster will continue 7/21/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Too many fish in the sea? 6/22/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima prefecture uninhabitable 6/6/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: In case you've forgotten Fukushima 5/27/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Radiation damages top predator bird 4/24/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukshima die-offs occurring 4/17/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Impact Update 4/13/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima - the end of atomic power 3/13/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Where is the Fukushima Data? 2/21/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fuku-Undo 2/4/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima MOX fuel crossed Pacific 2/4/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima worst human disaster 1/26/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Japan to kill Pacific Ocean 1/23/15
    Ea O Ka Aina: Japan's Environmental Catastrophe 8/25/14
    ENE News: Nuclear fuel found 15 miles from Tokyo 8/10/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Earthday TPP Fukushima RIMPAC 4/22/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Daiichi hot particles 5/30/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Japanese radiation denial 5/12/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Entomb Fukushima Daiichi now 4/6/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Disaster 3 Years Old 4/3/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Tsunami, Fukushima and Kauai 3/9/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Japanese contamination 2/16/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Bill for Fukushima monitoring 2/9/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Tepco under reporting of radiation 2/9/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Fallout in Alaska 1/25/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima engineer against nukes 1/17/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: California to monitor ocean radiation 1/14/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: Demystifying Fukushima Reactor #3 1/1/14
    Ea O Ka Aina: US & Japan know criticality brewing 12/29/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Forever 12/17/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Brief radiation spike on Kauai 12/27/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: USS Ronald Reagan & Fukushima 12/15/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Pacific Impact 12/11/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Berkeley and Fukushima health risks 12/10/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Madness engulfs Japan 12/4/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Edo Japan and Fukushima Recovery 11/30/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Reaction to Fukushima is Fascism 11/30/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Radioisotopes in the Northern Pacific 11/22/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima cleanup in critical phase 11/18/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima fuel removal to start 11/14/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima, What me worry? 11/13/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Remove other Fukushina fuel 10/29/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: End to Japanese Nuclear Power? 10/3/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima & Poisoned Fish 10/3/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fuel Danger at Fukushima 9/27/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Reactor #4 Spent Fuel Pool 9/16/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima is Not Going Away 9/9/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: X-Men like Ice Wall for Fukushima 9/3/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima House of Horrors 8/21/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Apocalypse 8/21/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Radioactive Dust 8/20/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Cocooning Fukushima Daiichi 8/16/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima radiation coverup 8/12/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Leakage at Fukushima an emergency 8/5/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima burns on and on 7/26/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: What the Fukashima? 7/24/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Spiking 7/15/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: G20 Agenda Item #1 - Fix Fukushima 7/7/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima and hypothyroid in Hawaii 4/9/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Japan to release radioactive water 2/8/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima as Roshoman 1/14/13
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushia Radiation Report 10/24/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Fallout 9/14/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Unit 4 Danger 7/22/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima denial & extinction ethics 5/14/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima worse than Chernobyl 4/24/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima dangers continue 4/22/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima children condemned 3/8/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima fights chain reaction 2/7/12
    Ea O Ka Aina: Tepco faking Fukushima fix 12/24/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: The Non Battle for Fukushima 11/10/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Debris nears Midway 10/14/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Radiation Danger 7/10/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Abandoned 9/28/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Deadly Radiation at Fukushima 8/3/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima poisons Japanese food 7/25/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Black Rain in Japan 7/22/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: UK PR downplays Fukushima 7/1/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima #2 & #3 meltdown 5/17/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima sustained chain reaction 5/3/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Ocean Radioactivity in Fukushima 4/16/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Japan raises nuclear disaster level 4/12/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima No Go Zone Expanding 4/11/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima to be Decommissioned 4/8/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Poisons Fish 4/6/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Learning from Fukushima 4/4/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Leak goes Unplugged 4/3/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Stick a fork in it - It's done! 4/2/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima reactors reach criticality 3/31/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Non-Containment 3/30/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Meltdown 3/29/11
    Ea O Ka Aina: Fukushima Water Blessing & Curse 3/28/11 

    .

              Inclusions in Casting (Foreign particle inclusions in casting)        
    Inclusions in Casting (Foreign particle inclusions in casting)
              Defence Scientists Investigate Helicopter Engine Erosion        
    Materials experts from the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) are working to protect helicopter engines from sand erosion. Gas turbine engines in helicopters suck in air from the surrounding environment. In desert conditions, particularly during take-off and landing, the air contains sand particles that damage the engine’s components. When components are damaged by sand erosion, the engine is forced to work harder, burning more fuel and struggling to produce the re...
              Essai mz 6        

    La Mazda 6
    et ses diesels bonifiés

    Souple et dé­nué de vibrations, le nouveau 2,2 litres est l'un des meilleurs quatre cylindres Diesel.
    Souple et dé­nué de vibrations, le nouveau 2,2 litres est l'un des meilleurs quatre cylindres Diesel.

    La dynamique familiale japonaise inaugure une nouvelle génération de moteurs Diesel dont la puissance et la sobriété renforcent son capital séduction.

    La Mazda 6, au même titre que la Ford Mondeo, fait partie de ces familiales qui rêvent de grandeur. À cheval sur deux segments, elles présentent l'avantage de proposer un excellent rapport prix-habitabilité, mais restent en retrait des grandes routières sur le plan des performances, la faute à des moteurs limités en cylindrée comme en nombre de cylindres.

    Cette petite bourgeoisie automobile profite cependant des ­progrès fulgurants réalisés par leurs moteurs Diesel pour aller taquiner l'aristocratie allemande. Ainsi, le nouveau 2,2 litres Mazda qui, en mars ­prochain, remplacera l'actuel 2 litres, développe 185 chevaux et fournit un couple maxi de 400 Nm, des chiffres proches de ceux d'un V6. Et ce, avec une consommation inférieure à 6 l aux 100 kilomètres qui permet à la Mazda 6 d'échapper au malus écologique.

     

    Une excellente insonorisation

    decoration

    Cet excellent rendement se double en outre d'une dépollution optimisée par l'utilisation d'une nouvelle génération de ­filtre à particules. En menant bon train sur une route côtière sinueuse et présentant un fort dénivelé, nous avons relevé 8,5 l/100 km, ce qui est très ­raisonnable pour une berline de presque 1 500 kg.

    Souple et dé­nué de vibrations, le nouveau 2,2 litres est assurément l'un des meilleurs quatre cylindres Diesel du moment. On peut regretter une sonorité désagréable à l'accélération, mais ce défaut est largement atténué par une excellente insonorisation. À vitesse stabilisée, la Mazda 6 s'avère très silencieuse.

    Quand la route devient glissante, le train avant de la Mazda 6 peine à absorber les 400 m de couple délivrés par son moteur, en particulier sur les deux premiers rapports. Mais le système antipatinage limite heureusement les écarts de trajectoire.

    decoration

    Les réglages de suspensions et la monte pneumatique d'origine en 18 pouces privilégient délibérément le plaisir de conduite. Le confort en pâtit quelque peu sur mauvaises routes mais c'est le choix de Mazda qui entend proposer une offre plus sportive que celle de Ford avec la Mondeo. Au chapitre équipement, on relève l'apparition d'un système anti-angle mort, comme chez Volvo.

    Grâce au 2.2 MZR-CD, la Mazda 6 recolle au peloton de tête des familiales diesels. Ce moteur équipera aussi la nouvelle Mazda 3 qui sera lancée au printemps. Et on le retrouvera en septembre prochain, sous le capot du CX-7.

    Un seul vrai regret : Mazda est désormais le seul constructeur japonais à ne pas proposer de boîte automatique avec ses diesels. Thierry Guillemot, le président de Mazda France, nous a confié qu'elle était en cours de développement et qu'elle sera proposée en 2011.

    Technique express

    Moteur : 4 cyl. turbodiesel, 2 184 cm³.

    Puissance : 185 ch à 3 500 tr/mn.

    Couple : 400 Nm entre 1 800 et 3 000 tr/mn.

    0-100 km/h : 8,3 sec.

    Vitesse : 218 km/h.

    Consommation : 5,6 l (mixte CEE).

    CO2 : 149 g/km (0 malus).

    Prix : 34 800 eur (Performance).

    decoration

    L'ancienne...

    decoration

    La Nouvelle...

     

    Moteur : 8/10

    Agrément de conduite : 7,8/10

    Design extérieur : 8,5/10

    Design intérieur : 7,5/10

    Qualité et sérieux d'assemblage : 8,8/10

    Volumes utiles : 7,9/10

     

    NOTE GENERALE : 7,9/10

    Enfin une Mazda 6 qui tient ses promesses face à la concurrence très acharnée.

     


              How Touch Screen Monitors Work        

    Brief History

    In 1972, a scientist at CERN - The European Organization for Nuclear Research - proposed the idea for the world’s first capacitive touch screen. A touch screen display would solve the complex interface required to operate CERN’s particle accelerator.

    The proposed touch screen had a fixed number of programmable buttons on the display. Four years later in 1976, CERN produced its first capacitive touch screen terminal.

    The early version of the capacitive touch screen featured fixed buttons on a display. This gave the flexibility to
    re-map the buttons on screen as required.

    Key technologies

    Modern touch screen technology evolved from the capacitive touch screen. To understand how current generation touch screen technology works, we must understand how the most basic touch screen monitor - the capacitive touch screen - and its functions.

    There are several core touch screen technologies:
    • Surface Capacitance
    • Projected Capacitance
      • Mutual Capacitance
      • Self Capacitance
    • Resistive
    • Infrared
    • Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW)
    • Optical Touch Screens

    Capacitive Touch Screens

    Capacitive touch screens rely on conductors that are imbedded onto a sheet of glass. When the display turns on, the conductors create a electrostatic field. Since the human body naturally holds an electrical charge, touching the display distorts the electrostatic field. From the distortion of the electrostatic field, the image processor, much like a CPU, calculates where the touch occurred.
    Derivations of capacitive touch screens include:
    • Surface Capacitance
    • Projected Capacitance
    • Mutual Capacitance
    • Self Capacitance

     
     
    Surface Capacitance
    • One side of the insulator coating has a
      conductive layer. The conductive layer creates an electrostatic field on the glass
    • The electrostatic field changes when a human finger touches the surface
    • A sensor detects the change in the electro static field, and calculates the location of the touch
    • Common in Kiosks/Point of Sale (POS) systems
    • Prone to false signals
    Projected Capacitance
    • Two types of Projected Capacitance: Mutual Capacitance and Self Capacitance
    • Used in iPhone
    • More accurate than surface capacitance
    • Relies on an X-Y axis grid, etched onto the electrodes on the conductive material behind the glass
    • Operates under screen protectors / vandal-proof glass
    • Common in POS systems that require signatures (i.e self-checkout counters that require a digital signature)
    • Sweaty finger tips (i.e from humid environments) decreases the touch screen accuracy
    Mutual Capacitance (Derivative of Projected Capacitance)
    • Used in multi-touch applications (i.e iPhone)
    • Requires two distinct layers of material to operate
    • Capacitor on every row and column, creating a grid pattern across the screen (i.e. a screen with a 10-by-10 layout will have a total of 100 independent capacitors.
    • The capacitors operate in unison, with the ability to register multi-touch
    • Each capacitor can register its own touch points
    Self Capacitance (Derivative of Projected Capacitance)
    • Similar to Mutual capacitance, but does not register multiple touch points
    • Each column and row on the screen operates independently

    Resistive Touch Screens

    • Made with two flexible sheets, separated by a tiny air gap
    • When contact is made on the screens, the two sheets touch, and registers the location of the finger
    • Allows a stylus to be used
    • Can be made to support multi-touch
    • A stylus must be used to perform motor-intensive tasks (i.e. manipulating a small portion on the screen, writing on the screen)
    • Usually made of glass or acrylic
    • Acrylic-based screens prone to scratches
    • Limited clarity

    Infrared Touch Screens

    • Uses infrared LEDs that are arranged around the perimeter of the screen to detect changes in the infrared beam
    • Good for outdoor use. Common in POS (point-of-sale) systems
    • Does not rely on a bare finger to activate the touch screen
    • Can detect touch from a stylus, or a gloved hand

    Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW)

    • Uses ultrasonic waves that pass over the screen. When a finger touches the screen, part of
      the wave is absorbed. The change in the waves determines where the touch occurred
    • Good for large surfaces
    • Can recognize "touch" gestures with a finger, stylus, or gloved hand

    Optical Touch Screens

    • Rely on imaging sensors positioned on the corners of the screen
    • Infrared backlight captures actions on the screen
    • A touch registers as a shadow, and uses the imaging sensors to triangulate the position of contact
    • Gaining popularity due to lower cost and scalability
    • Suitable for large screens
    • Lorex uses optical touch screens with touch-enabled DVR systems


    Single Touch vs Multi Touch Gestures

    Lorex optical touch screens recognize single and multi touch gestures. Touch gestures are available on touch-enabled DVRs.

    Single touch gestures require one finger (i.e. panning, dragging, flicks). Multi touch gestures require two fingers (i.e. Zoom, rotate, two finger tap).

    Popular Touch Screen Technologies


    The iPhone uses both Mutual Capacitance and Self Capacitance technology to achieve multi touch gestures.
    Mutual Capacitance requires two layers of material: one layer for the Driving Lines, one layer for the Sensing Lines.

    Driving Lines provide current for the touch screen. Sensing Lines detect the current for the electric node layer. When the finger touches the screen, the Sensing Lines determine the location of where the touch occurred.

    Every point on the grid generates its own signal. From the grid, touch information is relayed back into the iPhone’s processor. The iPhone’s processor is integral in how the system interprets a touch on the screen. The Sensing Lines and Driving Lines creates a coordinate grid for the iPhone CPU. This allows the phone to locate the specific area where the touch occurred.
    Because iPhone relies on a capacitive touch screen, the screen operates only when a bare finger touches the screen. A gloved hand, or stylus will not activate a capacitive touch screen.
    The combination of Mutual and Self Capacitance technology allows the iPhone processor to register multi-touch functions.
      Mutual Capacitance screens rely on a grid system to determine where the touch occurs. Note that the diagram is not to scale.
    Image courtesy of HowStuffWorks, 2007
     
     
       

    Self Capacitance screens use a transparent electrode layer to register
    screen contact. Note that the diagram is not to scale.
    Image courtesy of HowStuffWorks, 2007
     


    How the iPhone interprets touch signals


    After collecting touch signal data from the screen, the iPhone processor must interpret the raw touch data into a gesture. This instantaneous process is broken into several steps:
    1. The screen interprets a touch on the screen as electrical signals. These electrical signals are sent to the iPhone processor.
    2. The iPhone processor software analyzes the size, shape and location of the touch. If you swipe your finger along the screen, the software determines the start and end points of the touch.
    3. The processor uses ‘‘gesture-interpretation‘‘ software to determine the type of touch on the screen (i.e. swipe, scroll, flick etc.)
    4. The processor relays the data to the program that you are using.

    The simplified explanation above explains the key concepts of a multi-touch platform like the iPhone. Touch screens may interpret touch data in a different way.
     
     
    Images courtesy of HowStuffWorks, 2007


    Sources

    CERN Courier (2010), "The first capacitive touch screens at CERN". Retrieved online from:
    http://cerncourier.com/cws/article/cern/42092

    Colegrove, Jennifer (2010), "The State of the Touch-Screen Market 2010" Retrieved online from:
    http://www.walkermobile.com/March_2010_ID_State_of_the_Touch_Screen_Market.pdf

    Wikipedia (2010), "Touchscreen". Retrieved online from:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touchscreen#cite_note-5

    Wilson, Tracy V, (2010), "How the iPhone Works". Retrieved online from:
    http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/iphone1.htm


    Image Sources
    Electrotest (2010). "Capacitive Touchscreen". Retrieved from:
    http://www.electrotest.com.sg///images/articles/support/ctdisp_r.gif

    Next Window (2003). "An Overview of NextWindow Optical Imaging Touch Technology". Retrieved online from:
    http://www.idt.com.au/NextWindow/Optical_imaging_technology_overview_whitepaper.pdf

    Quataris Technologies (2010) "Restrictive Touchscreens". Retrieved online from:
    http://quataris.com/main///images/articles/support/stories/touchscreen/resistive-touchscreens.jpg
              Search for direct top squark pair production in final states with two leptons in $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV $pp$ collisions with the ATLAS detector        
    The results of a search for direct pair production of top squarks in events with two opposite-charge leptons (electrons or muons) are reported, using 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity from proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. To cover a range of mass differences between the top squark $\tilde{t}$ and lighter supersymmetric particles, four possible decay modes of the top squark are targeted with dedicated selections: the decay $\tilde{t} \rightarrow b \tilde{\chi}_{1}^{\pm}$ into a $b$-quark and the lightest chargino with $\tilde{\chi}_{1}^{\pm} \rightarrow W \tilde{\chi}_{1}^{0}$, the decay $\tilde{t} \rightarrow t \tilde{\chi}_{1}^{0}$ into an on-shell top quark and the lightest neutralino, the three-body decay $\tilde{t} \rightarrow b W \tilde{\chi}_{1}^{0}$ and the four-body decay $\tilde{t} \rightarrow b \ell \nu \tilde{\chi}_{1}^{0}$. No significant excess of events is observed above the Standard Model background for any selection, and limits on top squarks are set as a function of the $\tilde{t}$ and $\tilde{\chi}_{1}^{0}$ masses. The results exclude at 95% confidence level $\tilde{\chi}_{1}^{0}$ masses up to about 720 GeV, extending the exclusion region of supersymmetric parameter space covered by previous searches.
              Data Acquisition at CERN: A Future Challenge        
    Abstract: How did the universe look in the first moments after the Big Bang? Why does matter dominate over antimatter? What are the fundamental particles that make up the world as we see it today? To find answers to those and similar questions, the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) is operating the world's largest particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC accelerates protons to a velocity close to the speed of light and makes hundreds of them collide. The circumstances shortly after those collisions are representative to the universe's conditions only moments after the Big Bang. By analyzing thousands of such collisions, a steps can be made toward answering the previous questions.
              Measurement of inclusive and differential cross sections in the $H \rightarrow ZZ^* \rightarrow 4\ell$ decay channel in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector        
    Inclusive and differential fiducial cross sections of Higgs boson production in proton-proton collisions are measured in the $H \rightarrow ZZ^* \rightarrow 4\ell$ decay channel. The proton-proton collision data were produced at the Large Hadron Collider at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and recorded by the ATLAS detector in 2015 and 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb$^{-1}$. The inclusive fiducial cross section in the $H \rightarrow ZZ^* \rightarrow 4\ell$ decay channel is measured to be 3.62 $\pm$ 0.50 (stat) $^{+0.25}_{-0.20}$ (sys) fb, in agreement with the Standard Model prediction of 2.91 $\pm$ 0.13 fb. The cross section is also extrapolated to the total phase space including all Standard Model Higgs boson decays. Several differential fiducial cross sections are measured for observables sensitive to the Higgs boson production and decay, including kinematic distributions of jets produced in association with the Higgs boson. Good agreement is found between data and Standard Model predictions. The results are used to put constraints on anomalous Higgs boson interactions with Standard Model particles, using the pseudo-observable extension to the kappa-framework.
              MOSCAB: A geyser-concept bubble chamber to be used in a dark matter search        
    The MOSCAB experiment (Materia OSCura A Bolle) uses the "geyser technique", a variant of the superheated liquid technique of extreme simplicity. Operating principles of the new dark matter detector and technical solutions of the device are reported in detail. First results obtained in a series of test runs taken in laboratory demonstrate that we have successfully built and tested a geyser-concept bubble chamber that can be used in particle physics, especially in dark matter searches, and that we are ready to move underground for extensive data taking.
              On Fine Structure of Strings: The Universal Correction to the Veneziano Amplitude        
    We consider theories of weakly interacting higher spin particles in flat spacetime. We focus on the four-point scattering amplitude at high energies and imaginary scattering angles. The leading asymptotic of the amplitude in this regime is universal and equal to the corresponding limit of the Veneziano amplitude. In this paper, we find that the first sub-leading correction to this asymptotic is universal as well. We compute the correction using a model of relativistic strings with massive endpoints. We argue that it is unique using holography, effective theory of long strings and bootstrap techniques.
              Search for new phenomena with large jet multiplicities and missing transverse momentum using large-radius jets and flavour-tagging at ATLAS in 13 TeV pp collisions        
    A search is presented for particles that decay producing a large jet multiplicity and invisible particles. The event selection applies a veto on the presence of isolated electrons or muons and additional requirements on the number of b-tagged jets and the scalar sum of masses of large-radius jets. Having explored the full ATLAS 2015--2016 dataset of LHC proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=13 TeV, which corresponds to 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity, no evidence is found for physics beyond the Standard Model. The results are interpreted in the context of simplified models inspired by R-parity-conserving and R-parity-violating supersymmetry, where gluinos are pair-produced. More generic models within the phenomenological minimal supersymmetric Standard Model are also considered.
              Top quark event modelling and generators in CMS        
    Recent top quark event modelling studies done using CMS proton-proton data collected at a centre of mass energies of 8 and 13 TeV and state-of-the-art theoretical predictions accurate to next-to-leading order QCD interfaced with PYTHIA and HERWIG event generators are summarised. The particle-level top quark (pseudo-top), underlying event measurement in \ttbar events and parton shower tuning using \ttbar events are discussed.
              Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in pPb and PbPb collisions at the LHC        
    Charge-dependent azimuthal correlations of same- and opposite-sign pairs with respect to the second- and third-order event planes have been measured in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = $ 8.16 TeV and PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is motivated by the search for the charge separation phenomenon predicted by the chiral magnetic effect (CME) in heavy ion collisions. Three- and two-particle azimuthal correlators are extracted as functions of the pseudorapidity difference, the transverse momentum ($ p_{\mathrm{T}} $) difference, and the $ p_{\mathrm{T}} $ average of same- and opposite-charge pairs in various event multiplicity ranges. The data suggest that the charge-dependent three-particle correlators with respect to the second- and third-order event planes share a common origin, predominantly arising from charge-dependent two-particle azimuthal correlations coupled with an anisotropic flow. The CME is expected to lead to a $v_{2}$-independent three-particle correlation when the magnetic field is fixed. Using an event shape engineering technique, upper limits on the $v_{2}$-independent fraction of the three-particle correlator are estimated to be 6.6% for pPb and 3.8% for PbPb collisions at 95% confidence level. The results of this analysis, both the dominance of two-particle correlations as a source of the three-particle results and the similarities seen between PbPb and pPb, provide stringent constraints on the origin of charge-dependent three-particle azimuthal correlations and challenge their interpretation as arising from a chiral magnetic effect in heavy ion collisions. Charge-dependent azimuthal correlations of same- and opposite-sign pairs with respect to the second- and third-order event planes have been measured in pPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 8.16 TeV and PbPb collisions at 5.02TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is motivated by the search for the charge separation phenomenon predicted by the chiral magnetic effect (CME) in heavy ion collisions. Three- and two-particle azimuthal correlators are extracted as functions of the pseudorapidity difference, the transverse momentum (pt) difference, and the pt average of same- and opposite-charge pairs in various event multiplicity ranges. The data suggest that the charge-dependent three-particle correlators with respect to the second- and third-order event planes share a common origin, predominantly arising from charge-dependent two-particle azimuthal correlations coupled with an anisotropic flow. The CME is expected to lead to a v[2]-independent three-particle correlation when the magnetic field is fixed. Using an event shape engineering technique, upper limits on the v[2]-independent fraction of the three-particle correlator are estimated to be 6.6% for pPb and 3.8% for PbPb collisions at 95% confidence level. The results of this analysis, both the dominance of two-particle correlations as a source of the three-particle results and the similarities seen between PbPb and pPb, provide stringent constraints on the origin of charge-dependent three-particle azimuthal correlations and challenge their interpretation as arising from a chiral magnetic effect in heavy ion collisions.
              Experimental setup and procedure for the measurement of the 7Be(n,p)7Li reaction at n_TOF        
    Following the completion of the second neutron beam line and the related experimental area (EAR2) at the n_TOF spallation neutron source at CERN, several experiments were planned and performed. The high instantaneous neutron flux available in EAR2 allows to investigate neutron indiced reactions with charged particles in the exit channel even employing targets made out of small amounts of short-lived radioactive isotopes. After the successful measurement of the 7Be(n,{\alpha}){\alpha} cross section, the 7Be(n,p)7Li reaction was studied in order to provide still missing cross section data of relevance for Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN), in an attempt to find a solution to the cosmological Lithium abundance problem. This paper describes the experimental setup employed in such a measurement and its characterization.
              QCD        
    In these lecture notes I describe the theory of QCD and its application, through perturbation theory, at particle colliders.
              Search for single production of a vector-like T quark decaying to a Z boson and a top quark in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV        
    A search is presented for single production of a vector-like quark (T) decaying to a Z boson and a top quark, with the Z boson decaying leptonically and the top quark decaying hadronically. The search uses data collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The presence of forward jets is a particular characteristic of single production of vector-like quarks that is used in the analysis. Different T quark width hypotheses are studied, from negligibly small to 30% of the new particle mass. At the 95% confidence level, the product of cross section and branching fraction is excluded above values in the range 0.27-0.04 pb for T quark masses in the range 0.7-1.7 TeV, assuming a negligible width. A similar sensitivity is observed for widths of up to 30% of the T quark mass. The production of a heavy Z' boson decaying to Tt, with T $\rightarrow$ tZ, is also searched for, and limits on the product of cross section and branching fractions for this process are set between 0.13 and 0.06 pb for Z' boson masses in the range from 1.5 to 2.5 TeV. These are the best limits to date on the single production of heavy vector-like T quarks, the first to set limits for a variety of resonance widths, and the best limits for the production of a Z' boson decaying to Tt. A search is presented for single production of a vector-like quark (T) decaying to a Z boson and a top quark, with the Z boson decaying leptonically and the top quark decaying hadronically. The search uses data collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 inverse-femtobarns. The presence of forward jets is a particular characteristic of single production of vector-like quarks that is used in the analysis. Different T quark width hypotheses are studied, from negligibly small to 30% of the new particle mass. At the 95% confidence level, the product of cross section and branching fraction is excluded above values in the range 0.27-0.04 pb} for T quark masses in the range 0.7-1.7 TeV, assuming a negligible width. A similar sensitivity is observed for widths of up to 30% of the T quark mass. The production of a heavy Z' boson decaying to Tt, with T decaying to tZ, is also searched for, and limits on the product of cross section and branching fractions for this process are set between 0.13 and 0.06 pb for Z' boson masses in the range from 1.5 to 2.5 TeV. These are the best limits to date on the single production of heavy vector-like T quarks, the first to set limits for a variety of resonance widths, and the best limits for the production of a Z' boson decaying to Tt.
              Predictions for $p+$Pb Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 8.16$ TeV        
    Predictions for charged hadrons, identified light hadrons, quarkonium and heavy flavor hadrons, Drell-Yan dileptons, jets, photons, gauge bosons and top quarks produced in $p+$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 8.16$ TeV are compiled and, where possible, compared to each other. Predictions of the normalized ratios of $p+$Pb to $p+p$ cross sections are also presented for most of the observables, providing new insights into the expected role of cold nuclear matter effects. In particular, the role of nuclear parton distribution functions on particle production can now be probed over a wider range of phase space than ever before.
              MIT comes up with superfast charging battery        
    y_exclamation

    Fills up in seconds
    Boffins at MIT, have come up with something which could provide a lightweight and inexpensive alternative to batteries.

    The new battery relies on an innovative architecture called a semi-solid flow cell, in which solid particles are suspended in a carrier liquid and pumped through the system. The positive and negative electrodes are composed of particles suspended in a liquid electrolyte.

    According to a paper penned by Mihai Duduta and graduate student Bryan Ho, and published May 20 in the journal Advanced Energy Materials, the battery separates the storing energy until it is needed, and discharging that energy when it needs to be used into different areas. This can reduce the size and the cost of a complete battery system, including all of its structural support and connectors, to about half the current levels.

    Another potential advantage is that in vehicle applications, such a system would permit the possibility of “refueling” the battery by pumping out the liquid goo and pumping in a fresh, freshly charged replacement.



              Kaolin Mining Market Outlook, Growth by Top Company, Region, Application, Driver, Trends & Forecasts by 2021        

    Global Kaolin Mining Market 2016-2020, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. The report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years.

    Pune, Maharashtra -- (SBWIRE) -- 02/09/2017 -- The Global Kaolin Mining Market to GROW at a CAGR of 3.9% during the period 2016-2020.

    The Kaolin Mining Market Research Report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the Kaolin Mining Market Industry for 2017-2021. Kaolin Mining Market, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. The report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years and discussion of the key vendors effective in this market. To calculate the market size, the report considers the revenue generated from the sales of Kaolin Mining Market globally.

    Browse more detail information about Kaolin Mining Market Report at: http://www.absolutereports.com/global-kaolin-mining-market-2016-2020-10337537

    Kaolin, also known as china clay or kaolinite, is a soft, white, and plastic clay. It contains fine-grained plate-like particles. It is non-abrasive, chemically inert, and has low heat and electric conductivity. The paper industry is the largest end-user of kaolin. It is used for filling and coating of paper. Kaolin is also used in many other industries such as ceramics, paints, fiberglass, and rubber.

    The Kaolin Mining Market Report is a meticulous investigation of current scenario of the global market, which covers several market dynamics. The Kaolin Mining Market research report is a resource, which provides current as well as upcoming technical and financial details of the industry to 2021.

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              The Fallacy of Uniformitarianism        

    [Editor’s Note: This article was first published in the earliest days of the GTY Blog. As we recently culled through the ministry archives in preparation for a new blog series on God’s work of creation—which coincides with the broadcast of The Battle for the Beginning sermon series on “Grace to You”—we believed this post deserved further consideration.]

    The hypothesis that the earth is billions of years old is rooted in the unbiblical premise that what is happening now is just what has always happened. This idea is known as uniformitarianism. It is the theory that natural and geological phenomena are for the most part the results of forces that have operated continuously, with uniformity, and without interruption, over billions and billions of years. Uniformitarians assume that the forces at work in nature are essentially fixed and constant. Scientists who hold this view explain nearly all geological phenomena in terms of processes that are still occurring. The uniformitarian sees sedimentary rock strata, for example, and assumes that the sediments that formed them resulted from the natural, slow settling of particles in water over several million years. A uniformitarian observes the Grand Canyon and assumes the natural flow of the Colorado River carved that immense chasm over many ages with a steady (though constantly decreasing) stream.

    Uniformitarianism was first proposed around the beginning of the nineteenth century by two British geologists, James Hutton and his best–known disciple, Charles Lyell. Lyell’s work Principles of Geology was an explicit rejection of creation and flood–based explanations for geological formulations. Lyell insisted that all the features of earth’s geology must be explainable by natural, rather than supernatural, processes. He regarded all biblical or supernatural explanations as inherently unscientific and therefore false. In other words, he began with the presupposition that Scripture itself is untrue. And his work essentially canonized atheistic naturalism as the basis for "scientific" research.

    As we have noted previously, naturalism itself is a religious belief. The conviction that nothing happens supernaturally is a tenet of faith, not a fact that can be verified by any scientific means. Indeed, an a priori rejection of everything supernatural involves a giant, irrational leap of faith. So the presuppositions of atheistic naturalism are actually no more "scientific" than the beliefs of biblical Christianity. That obvious fact seems to have escaped Lyell and many who have followed him.

    Nonetheless, Lyell’s uniformitarian theory was enormously influential on other scientists of his age. (Darwin even took a copy of Lyell’s work with him when he sailed on the Beagle in 1831.) And from the first publication of Lyell’s work until today, the hypothesis that the earth is ages old has dominated secular science. The theory of evolution itself was the predictable and nearly immediate result of Lyell’s uniformitarian hypothesis.

    Of course, modern scientists have expanded their estimates of the age of the earth beyond anything Lyell himself ever imagined. But the basic theory of uniformitarianism first emerged from Lyell’s antibiblical belief system.

    The opposite of uniformitarianism is catastrophism, the view that dramatic geological changes have occurred in sudden, violent, or unusual events. A catastrophist observing sedimentary rock formations or large canyons is more likely (and more accurately) to interpret them as the result of massive flooding. Of course, this yields a much younger time frame for the development of earth’s geological features. (A sudden flood, for example, can produce a thick layer of sediment in a few hours. That means a large stratum of sedimentary rock, which a uniformitarian might assume took millions of years to form, could actually be the result of a single flash flood.) Catastrophism therefore poses a major challenge to the evolutionary timetable, eliminating the multiple billions of years demanded to make the evolutionary hypothesis work. And for that reason it is rejected out of hand by most evolutionists.

    But a moment’s reflection will reveal that the fossil record is impossible to explain by any uniformitarian scheme. For a living creature to become fossilized (rather than to decay and turn to dust—Job 34:15), it must be buried immediately under a great weight of sediment. Apart from a catastrophic deluge on a scale unlike any observed in recent history, how can we explain the existence of massive fossil beds (such as the Karoo formation fossil field in Africa, which is thought to hold eight hundred billion vertebrate fossils)? Natural sedimentation over several ages cannot explain how so many fossils came to be concentrated in one place. And every inhabited continent contains large fossil beds where millions of fossilized species are found together in large concentrations, as if all these creatures were destroyed and buried together by massive flooding. Fossils of sea creatures are even found on many of the world’s highest mountain tops. How do uniformitarians explain such phenomena? The only way they can: They constantly increase their estimate of the age of the earth.

    Scripture expressly condemns uniformitarianism in 2 Peter 3:4. Peter prophesied that this erroneous view would be adopted in the last days by scoffers—men walking after their own lusts—who imagine that "all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation." The apostle Peter goes on to write, "For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water" (2 Peter 3:5–6).

    In other words, the plain teaching of Scripture is that this world’s history has not been one of uniform natural and geological processes from the beginning. But according to the Bible, there have been at least two global cataclysmic events: creation itself and a catastrophic worldwide flood in Noah’s time. These would sufficiently explain virtually all the geological and hydrological features of the earth as we know it.

    In fact, large–scale catastrophic forces are the only really plausible explanation for some geological features. Not far from where I live is an area known as Vasquez Rocks. It has the appearance of a rugged moonscape (and is a familiar site in science–fiction films, where it is often employed as a setting for scenes depicting exotic planets). Its main features are massive shards of jagged rock strata, broken sharply and thrusting out of the ground to great heights. Whatever force stood those rocks on end was obviously sudden and violent, not slow and gradual. The entire region is filled with similar evidences of catastrophe. Not far away is the notorious San Andreas fault. There, where the roadway has been cut into the hillside, travelers may observe violently twisted rock strata. These features are mute evidence to extraordinary forces that have shaped the topography of Southern California—far exceeding the power of any known earthquake. Such phenomena are what we might expect, given the historicity of the biblical record. Scripture says, for example, that when the Flood began, "all the fountains of the great deep were broken up" (Genesis 7:11). No doubt the Flood was accompanied by volcanic activity, massive geological movements, and the shifting of the earth’s tectonic plates. Such a catastrophe would not only explain twisted and upthrust rock strata, but it would also easily explain why so many of the earth’s mountain ranges give evidence of having once been under the sea. Uniformitarians cannot agree on any feasible explanation for features like these.

    A massive flood would also explain the formation of the Grand Canyon. In fact, it would be a better explanation of how the canyon came to be than any uniformitarian hypothesis. The features of the canyon itself (extremely deep gorges with level plateaus at the rims) suggest that it was formed by rapid erosion. A strikingly similar formation is Providence Canyon, near Lumpkin, Georgia—a spectacular canyon that covers more than eleven hundred acres. In the early 1800s the entire area was flat farmland. By the mid 1800s, farmers had completely cleared the area of trees and their root systems, leaving the area susceptible to erosion. In 1846, heavy rainfall began forming small gullies and crevices. These expanded with every successive rainfall. By the 1940s, nearby buildings and towns had to be moved to accommodate the growing canyon. Today the canyon comprises sixteen fingers, some more than one mile in length. At places the distance from the canyon floor to the rim is as high as a fifteen–story building. Today it is a scenic area, lush with trees and wildlife, often called "Georgia’s Little Grand Canyon." Its features are indistinguishable from canyons geologists claim took billions of years to form.

    Douglas F. Kelly writes:

    The uniformitarian assumption that millions of years of geological work (extrapolating from present, slow, natural processes) would be required to explain structures such as the American Grand Canyon for instance, is called into serious question by the explosion of Mount St. Helens in the state of Washington on the 18 of May 1980. Massive energy equivalent to 20 million tons of TNT destroyed 400 square kilometers of forest in six minutes, changing the face of the mountain and digging out depths of earth and rock, leaving formations not unlike parts of the larger Grand Canyon. Recent studies of the Mount St. Helens phenomenon indicate that if attempts were made to date these structures (which were formed in 1980) on the basis of uniformitarian theory, millions of years of formation time would be necessarily postulated. [1]Douglas F. Kelly, Creation and Change (Fearn, Ross-shire, U.K.: Christian Focus, 1997), 164-165.

    Christians who reinterpret the biblical text to try to accommodate the uniformitarians’ old–earth hypotheses do so unnecessarily. To imagine that the earth was formed by natural processes over billions and billions of years through slow and steady evolution is to deny the very essence of what Scripture teaches about the earth’s creation. It is to reject the clear account of God Himself that He created the earth and all its life in six days.

    (Adapted from The Battle for the Beginning.)

           

              Benchmarking C#/.Net Direct3D 11 APIs vs native C++        
    [Update 2012/05/15: Note that the original code was fine tuned to a particular config and may not give you the same results. I have rewritten this sample to give more accurate and predictible results. Comparison with XNA was also not fair and inaccurate, you should have something like x4 slower instead of x9. SharpDX latest version 2.1.0 is also x1.35 slower than C++ now. An update of this article will follow on new sharpdx.org website]
    [Update 2014/06/17: Remove XNA comparison, as it is not fair and relevant]

    If you are working with a managed language like C# and you are concerned by performance, you probably know that, even if the Microsoft JIT CLR is quite efficient, It has a significant cost over a pure C++ implementation. If you don't know much about this cost, you have probably heard about a mean cost for managed languages around 15-20%. If you are really concern by this, and depending on the cases, you know that the reality of a calculation-intensive managed application is more often around x2 or even x3 slower than its C++ counterpart. In this post, I'm going to present a micro-benchmark that measure the cost of calling a native Direct3D 11 API from a C# application, using various API, ranging from SharpDX, SlimDX, WindowsCodecPack.

    Why this benchmark is important? Well, if you intend like me to build some serious 3D games with a C# managed API (don't troll me on this! ;) ), you need to know exactly what is the cost of calling intensively a native Direct3D API (mainly, the cost of the interop between a managed language and a native API) from a managed language. If your game is GPU bounded, you are unlikely to see any differences here. But if you want to apply lots of effects, with various models, particles, materials, playing with several rendering targets and a heavy deferred rendering technique, you are likely to perform lots of draw calls to the Direct3D API. For a AAA game, those calls could be as high as 3000-7000 draw submissions in instancing scenarios (look at latest great DICE publications in "DirectX 11 Rendering in Battlefield 3" from Johan Andersson). If you are running at 60fps (or lower 30fps), you just have 17ms (or 34ms) per frame to perform your whole rendering. In this short time range, drawing calls can take a significant amount of time, and this is a main reason why multi-threading batching command were introduced in DirectX11. We won't use such a technique here, as we want to evaluate raw calls.

    As you are going to see, results are pretty interesting for someone that is concerned by performance and writing C# games (or even efficient tools for a 3D Middleware)


    The Managed (C#) to Native (C++) interop cost


    When a managed application needs to call a native API, it needs to:
    • Marshal method/function arguments from the managed world to the unmanaged world
    • The CLR has to switch from a managed execution to an unmanaged environment (change exception handling, stacktrace state...etc.)
    • The native methods is effectively called
    • Than you have to marshal output arguments and results from unmanaged world to managed one.
    To perform a native call from a managed language, there is currently 3 solutions:
    • Using the default interop mechanism provided under C# is P/Invoke, which is in charge of performing all the previous steps. But P/Invoke comes at a huge cost when you have to pass some structures, arrays by values, strings...etc.
    • Using a C++/CLI assembly that will perform a marshaling written by hand to the native C++ methods. This is used by SlimDX, WindowsCodePack and XNA.
    • Using SharpDX technique that is generating all the marshaling and interop at compile time, in a structured and consistent way, using some missing CLR bytecode inside C# that is usually only available in C++/CLI
    The marshal cost is in fact the most expensive one. Usually, calling directly a native function without performing any marshaling has a cost of 10% which is fine. But if you take for example a slightly more complex functions, like ID3D11DeviceContext::SetRenderTargets, you can see that marshaling takes a significant amount of code:

    /// <unmanaged>void ID3D11DeviceContext::OMSetRenderTargets([In] int NumViews,[In, Buffer, Optional] const ID3D11RenderTargetView** ppRenderTargetViews,[In, Optional] ID3D11DepthStencilView* pDepthStencilView)</unmanaged>
    public void SetRenderTargets(int numViews, SharpDX.Direct3D11.RenderTargetView[] renderTargetViewsRef, SharpDX.Direct3D11.DepthStencilView depthStencilViewRef) {
    unsafe {
    IntPtr* renderTargetViewsRef_ = (IntPtr*)0;
    if ( renderTargetViewsRef != null ) {
    IntPtr* renderTargetViewsRef__ = stackalloc IntPtr[renderTargetViewsRef.Length];
    renderTargetViewsRef_ = renderTargetViewsRef__;
    for (int i = 0; i < renderTargetViewsRef.Length; i++)
    renderTargetViewsRef_[i] = (renderTargetViewsRef[i] == null)? IntPtr.Zero : renderTargetViewsRef[i].NativePointer;
    }
    SharpDX.Direct3D11.LocalInterop.Callivoid(_nativePointer, numViews, renderTargetViewsRef_, (void*)((depthStencilViewRef == null)?IntPtr.Zero:depthStencilViewRef.NativePointer),((void**)(*(void**)_nativePointer))[33]);
    }
    }
    In the previous sample, there is no structure marshaling involved (that are even more costly than pure method arguments marshaling), and as you can see, the marshaling code is pretty heavy: It has to handles null parameters, transform an array of managed DirectX interfaces to a respective array of native COM pointer...etc.

    Hopefully, in SharpDX unlike any other DirectX .NET APIs, this code has been written to be consistent over the whole generated code, and was carefully designed to be quite efficient... but still, It has obviously a cost, and we need to know it!

    Protocol used for this micro-benchmark


    Writing a benchmark is error prone, often subject to caution and relatively "narrow minded". Of course, this benchmark is not perfect, I just hope that It doesn't contain any mistake that would give false results trend!

    In order for this test to be closer to a real 3D application usage, I made the choice to perform a very basic test on a sequence of draw calls that are usually involved in common drawing calls scenarios. This test consist of drawing triangles using 10 successive effects (Vertex Shaders/Pixel Shaders), with their own vertex buffers, setting the viewport and render target to the backbuffer. This loop is then ran thousand of times in order to get a correct average.

    The SharpDX main loop is coded like this:
    var clock = new Stopwatch();
    clock.Start();
    for (int j = 0; j < (CommonBench.NbTests + 1); j++)
    {
    for (int i = 0; i < CommonBench.NbEffects; i++)
    {
    context.InputAssembler.SetInputLayout(layout);
    context.InputAssembler.SetPrimitiveTopology(PrimitiveTopology.TriangleList);
    context.InputAssembler.SetVertexBuffers(0, vertexBufferBindings[i]);
    context.VertexShader.Set(vertexShaders[i]);
    context.Rasterizer.SetViewports(viewPort);
    context.PixelShader.Set(pixelShaders[i]);
    context.OutputMerger.SetTargets(renderView);
    context.ClearRenderTargetView(renderView, blackColor);
    context.Draw(3, 0);
    }
    if (j > 0 && (j % CommonBench.FlushLimit) == 0)
    {
    clock.Stop();
    Console.Write("{0} ({3}) - Time per pass {1:0.000000}ms - {2:000}%\r", programName, (double)clock.ElapsedMilliseconds / (j * CommonBench.NbEffects), j * 100 / (CommonBench.NbTests), arch);
    context.Flush();
    clock.Start();
    }
    }
    The VertexShader/PixelShaders involved is basic (just color passing between VS and PS, no WorldProjectionTransform applied), the context.Flush is used to avoid measuring flush of commands to the GPU. The CommonBench.FlushLimit value was selected to avoid any stalls from the GPU.

    I have ported this benchmark under:
    • C++, using raw native calls and Direct3D11 API
    • SharpDX, using Direct3D11 running under Microsoft .NET CLR 4.0 and with Mono 2.10 (both trying llvm on/off). SharpDX is the only managed API to be able to run under Mono.
    • SlimDX using Direct3D11 running under Microsoft .NET CLR 4.0. SlimDX is "NGENed" meaning that it is compiled to native code when you install it.
    • WindowsCodePack 1.1 using Direct3D11 running under Microsoft .NET CLR 4.0
    It has been tested on a Win7-64bit, i5-750 2.6Ghz, Gfx AMD HD6950. All tests were done both in x86 and x64 mode, in order to measure the platform impact of the calling conventions. Tests were ran 4 times for each API, taking the average of the 3 lowest one.

    Results


    You can see the raw results in the following table. Time is measured for the simple drawing sequence (inside the loop for(i) nbEffects). Lower is better. The ratio on the right indicates how much is slower the tested API compare to the C++ one. For example, SharpDX in x86 mode is running 1,52 slower than its pure C++ counterpart.


    Direct3D11 Simple Bench x86 (ms) x64 (ms) x86-ratio x64-ratio
    Native C++ (MSVC VS2010) 0.000386 0.000262 x1.00 x1.00
    Managed SharpDX (1.3 MS .Net CLR) 0.000585 0.000607 x1.52 x2.32
    Managed SlimDX (June 2010 - Ngen) 0.000945 0.000886 x2.45 x3.38
    Managed SharpDX (1.3 Mono-2.10) 0.002404 0.001872 x6.23 x7.15
    Managed Windows API CodePack 1.1 0.002551 0.003219 x6.61 x12.29






    And the associated graphs comparison both for x86 and x64 platforms:



    Results are pretty self explanatory. Although we can highlight some interesting facts:
    • Managed Direct3D API calls are much slower than native API calls, ranging from x1.52 to x10 depending on the API you are using.
    • SharpDX is providing the fastest Direct3D managed API, which is ranging only from x1.52 to x2.32 slower than C++, at least 50% faster than any other managed APIs.
    • All other Direct3D managed API are significantly slower, ranging from x2.45 to x12.29
    • Running this benchmark with SharpDX and Mono 2.10 is x6 to x7 times slower than SharpDX with Microsoft JIT (!)
    Ok, so if you are a .NET programmer and are not aware about performance penalty using a managed language, you are probably surprised by these results that could be... scary!  Although, we can balance things here, as your 3D engine is unlikely to be CPU bounded on drawing calls, but 3000-7000 calls could lead to a 4ms impact in the better case, which is something we need to know when we design a game.

    This test could be also extrapolated to other parts of a 3D engine, as It will probably slower by a factor of x2 compare to a brute force C++ engine. For AAA game, this would be of course an unacceptable performance penalty, but If you are a small/independent studio, this cost is relatively low compare to the cost of efficiently developing a game in C#, and in the end, that's a trade-off.

    In case you are using SharpDX API, you can still run at a reasonable performance. And if you really want to circumvent this interop cost for chatty API scenarios, you can design your engine to call a native function that will batch calls to the Direct3D native API.


    You can download this benchmark Sharp3DBench.7z.
              The Higgs Boson particle finally discovered at CERN! (Not "God particle")        
    Higgs Boson particle

    The Higgs Boson was discovered at CERN on July 4th 2012. It is part of the Standard Model of particle physics to explain why atoms have mass and how they exist in our universe.

    read more


              plastic bird        
     When I was gathering all the plastic off the beach in the Bahamas, I couldn't help but think of the inspiring collection of photographs by Chris Jordan of deceased albatrosses with stomachs teeming with plastic debris. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is an ocean gyre spinning with garbage from land-based sources as well as ship-generated waste. Dead birds with plastic particle-filled bellies are only one effect of this floating mass. With an estimated 100 million tons of accumulating pelagic plastics, I can't imagine what it is doing to the wildlife, ecosystems and even us, the reason for all the pollution. 
    Sometimes I feel guilty crafting—am I causing more waste?

              10 Teknologi Masa Depan.!!        
    Manusia akan segera memasuki masa depan.
    Teknologi bergerak sedemikian cepatnya sehingga dalam waktu tidak lama lagi seluruh dunia akan berubah besar-besaran. Teknologi-teknologi baru yang sedang dikembangkan benar-benar revolusioner, hal-hal yang nyaris tidak pernah terbayangkan sebelumnya oleh para ilmuwan dan hanya ada dalam khayalan-khayalan manusia.

    Di suatu hari nanti, manusia mungkin bisa hidup ratusan tahun tanpa mengenal penyakit, memiliki kecerdasan yang genius, dan pergi bertamasya ke luar angkasa.

    Ini adalah beberapa teknologi revolusioner yang diperkirakan akan merubah seluruh dunia :
    1. Mesin-mesin Cerdas Seukuran Atom, Nanoteknologi
    2. Zaman Manusia-manusia Super, Rekayasa Genetika
    3. Energi terdahsyat di Alam Semesta, Fusi Nuklir
    4. Regenerasi Wolverine, Stem Cell
    5. Komputer Kuantum
    6. Baju Menghilang Harry Potter, Metamaterial
    7. Space Elevator, Tangga Menuju Bintang-bintang
    8. Scramjet
    9. Hidup Ratusan Tahun, Resveratrol.
    10. Penyatuan Manusia dan Mesin, Singularitas.

    1. Mesin-mesin Cerdas Seukuran Atom, Nanoteknologi
    “Coal and diamonds, sand and computer chips, cancer and healthy tissue: throughout history, variations in the arrangement of atoms have distinguished the cheap from the cherished, the diseased from the healthy. Arranged one way, atoms make up soil, air, and water. Arranged another, they make up ripe strawberries. Arranged one way, they make up homes and fresh air; arranged another, they make up ash and smoke”.Eric Drexler, Engines of Creation


    Nanoteknologi adalah segala teknologi masa depan yang memungkinan manusia memanipulasi partikel-partikel super kecil yang besarnya nyaris seukuran atom! Nanometer sendiri adalah ukuran 1/semilyar meter, atau nyaris ketebalan rambut dibelah 50.000. Itulah kedahsyatan teknologi nano.

    Tujuannya adalah menciptakan material-material baru masa depan, bahkan mesin-mesin dan robot-robot seukuran partikel. Material-material itu akan bisa lebih kuat dari intan, super ringan, tahan panas dan dingin dengan skala yang ekstrim, mampu menghantarkan listrik lebih baik, lebih tahan lama, ramah lingkungan dan seterusnya.

    Kemungkinan aplikasinya benar-benar dahsyat dan akan merubah seluruh dunia. Bayangkan bila kita bisa menciptakan berbagai material baru yang lebih keras dari intan, dan jauh lebih ringan dari baja. (Carbon nanotubes, sp2 bond). Kita bisa menciptakan kerangka super kuat untuk mobil, pesawat terbang, atau bangunan dan jembatan. Dengan bobotnya yang lebih ringan, semua mobil dan pesawat juga akan lebih hemat energi.

    Kita bisa menciptakan baju anti kusut dan tahan noda. Kita juga bisa menciptakan robot berukuran bakteria, nanobots, dan memasukanya ke dalam tubuh manusia. Fungsinya bisa dari menyembuhkan penyakit, menghancurkan sel-sel kanker, bahkan memperkuat tubuh manusia (Feynman, ”Swallowing the Doctor”). Nanobots ataupun nanoparticles bahkan nantinya diperkirakan juga akan bisa kembali menutup lubang ozon.

    Dengan komponen seukuran nano, kita bisa membuat supercomputer sebesar kotak korek api, dan media penyimpanan data yang menyimpan jutaan gigabyte informasi tentang umat manusia dan seluruh alam semesta, sebesar seujung kuku.
    Bagaimana teknologi ini bisa dilakukan? Karena mikroskop super-canggih yang dapat melihat atom sudah ada sejak 1981, Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM), dan Atomic Force Microscope (AFM, 1986).
    2. Era Manusia-manusia Super, Rekayasa Genetika

    “Human genetic engineering has the potential to change human beings' appearance, adaptability, intelligence, character, and behaviour. It may potentially be used in creating more dramatic changes in humans”.
    Wikipedia Genetic Engineering.

    Manusia telah berhasil memetakan gennya dalam proyek raksasa “The Human Genome Project”. Dengan data ini manusia mempunyai peta informasi untuk mengeksplorasi fungsi dan potensi dari tiap gen dalam tubuh manusia. Mulai dari gen yang menentukan bentuk fisik manusia, gen penyebab kanker, gen yang membentuk ingatan, gen yang menciptakan kecerdasan, bahkan gen khusus yang mengatur proses penuaan.

    Ini nantinya akan memungkinkan dilakukannya rekayasa genetika untuk menciptakan manusia-manusia masa depan yang sangat unggul. Manusia dengan kesehatan sempurna, terbebas dari penyakit, berumur lebih dari 100 tahun dan mempunyai kecerdasan mendekati genius.

    Bayangkan bila manusia menemukan gen spesial yang membuat Einstein menjadi genius. Lalu gen itu bisa ditransfer ke seluruh umat manusia. Atau keunggulan fisik David Beckham, atau bahkan kharisma John F. Kennedy.

    Tapi rekayasa genetika tidak hanya untuk manusia, tapi juga bisa untuk tumbuhan dan hewan ternak. Rekayasa genetika bisa menciptakan padi dan gandum jenis baru dengan hasil panen yang berkali-kali lipat. Kita juga bisa menciptakan daging sapi yang lebih empuk dan gurih. Kita bahkan juga bisa menciptakan tanaman dan hewan konsumsi dengan nilai gizi yang unggul.

    3. Energi Terdahsyat di seluruh Alam Semesta, The Power of the Stars

    “What would fusion mean? Endless, cheap energy. Amazing Star Trek, space travel possibilities. Fame, fortune, and undoubtedly a Nobel or two for the lucky scientist”.

    The Observer, Desember 2000

    Matahari, setiap detiknya, mengeluarkan energi sebesar seluruh energi yang digunakan seluruh umat manusia sepanjang sejarahnya. Energi plasma hidrogen raksasa sebesar 380 Milyar-milyar Mega-Watt (380^26 MW), per detiknya. Inilah energi yang dikenal sebagai energi Fusi Nuklir (Nuclear Fusion), The power of the Sun. Dan para ilmuwan dunia sedang berusaha mendapatkannya.
    Dan ini adalah energi yang membuat bintang-bintang raksasa di alam semesta terbakar selama milyaran tahun. Energi terdahsyat, di seluruh alam semesta.

    Sebuah percobaan besar sedang dilakukan di kota kecil Cadarache di ujung selatan Perancis dalam sebuah proyek bernama ITER. Disini atom Deuterium dan Tritium dilebur dengan panas mencapai 150 juta derajat Celcius, nyaris 10 kali panas inti Matahari. Wadah peleburannya dilindungi oleh medan magnet Tokamak sehingga tidak meleleh.

    Hebatnya adalah bahwa Deuterium bisa dihasilkan dari air laut biasa, dan Tritium dibentuk dari Lithium yang bisa didapat dari batu alam. Energi terdahsyat di seluruh alam semesta dari Air dan Batu alam.

    Kalau para ilmuwan ini berhasil menciptakannya, maka seluruh dunia akan mempunyai sumber energi baru yang dahsyat menggantikan minyak bumi. Energi ini akan begitu besar dan efisien, tidak terbatas, sangat murah, serta ramah lingkungan.

    (Note : penggunaan nanoteknologi dalam sel photovoltaic tenaga surya, nanocrystal, juga dikatakan memiliki potensi energi super besar yang mampu menggantikan minyak bumi).

    4. Regenerasi Wolverine, Stem Cell
    Bayangkan bila penyakit jantung dan diabetes bisa disembuhkan secara sempurna, orang lumpuh bisa berjalan, dan orang buta, bisa melihat kembali.

    Anda pernah melihat seekor cecak, yang bisa menumbuhkan kembali ekornya yang putus dengan sempurna? Atau jika anda penggemar komik ”X-Men”, anda pasti tahu tokoh superhero bernama Wolverine. Saat tubuhnya tertusuk pisau atau tertembus peluru, dia dapat menyembuhkan lukanya dengan nyaris seketika. Ia dapat meregenerasi seluruh sel-sel tubuhnya dengan sempurna, secara instan.
    Tapi itu cuma khayalan. Ada sejenis cacing bernama “planarian worm”, yang banyak hidup di laut maupun sungai, yang mampu menumbuhkan ulang bahkan nyaris seluruh tubuhnya.

    Planaria, terutama spesies Schmidtea mediterranea, mampu meregenerasi utuh tubuhnya, bahkan bila tinggal sepotong kecil saja tubuhnya yang tersisa, sampai 1/300 bagian. Dan bila kepalanya dihilangkanpun, dia akan menumbuhkan kembali kepalanya dengan sempurna.

    Bagaimana jika manusia bisa melakukan itu nantinya? Jika kita dapat secara langsung mengganti semua sel-sel tubuh kita yang rusak dengan sempurna dan tanpa cacat. Para ilmuwan telah nyaris mencapai keajaiban itu. Teknologi biologi molekular bernama Stem Cell, atau Sel Induk. Ini adalah sel paling dasar dari tubuh manusia, yang bisa berubah, atau dirubah, menjadi sel atau organ apapun di tubuh manusia.

    Bila anda memiliki penyakit jantung, maka sel jantung itu bisa diganti dengan stem sel dan jantung anda akan berfungsi normal kembali. Bila anda mengalami kebutaan, sel retina anda bisa diganti dengan sel baru dari sel induk dan anda akan bisa melihat kembali.

    Jika anda menderita penyakit yang berhubungan dengan fungsi otak seperti stroke, alzheimer atau parkinson, maka sel otak anda yang rusak, bahkan jaringan pusat otak cerebral cortex, bisa diganti dengan stem cell. Dan kalau anda menderita diabetes, maka stem cell akan menyelamatkan anda dengan meregenerasi sel pankreas penghasil hormon insulin.

    Stem Cell benar-benar membawa revolusi besar dalam kesehatan umat manusia.

    5. Komputer Kuantum

    Bayangkan sebuah komputer masa depan, yang kecepatannya ribuan kali lebih cepat dari supercomputer tercepat sekarang. Ribuan kali lebih cepat dan efisien dari IBM ”Roadrunner” di Los Alamos yang kecepatannya mencapai 1.7 petaflops (1 petaflop = 10^15 operasi per detik).

    Inilah kedahsyatan komputer kuantum. Komputer ini begitu dahsyat karena diciptakan memakai fenomena keajaiban dunia kuantum, Superposition dan Quantum Entanglement.

    Dalam pemecahan kode misalnya (kriptografi), untuk memecahkan kode yang digitnya sampai 140, komputer biasa akan memerlukan waktu milyaran tahun untuk memecahkannya. Tapi dengan komputer kuantum, ini bisa dipecahkan hanya dalam waktu beberapa puluh menit saja.
    Dengan komputer ini manusia juga akan bisa memprediksikan cuaca di bumi dan gejala-gejala alam lain yang sangat kompleks dengan sangat akurat berbulan-bulan sebelumnya, seperti gempa bumi dan tornado. Dan tentu saja ini akan makin merevolusikan lagi kecepatan pengembangan seluruh teknologi canggih yang ada sekarang.

    6. Jubah Menghilang Harry Potter, Metamaterial
    “The announcement last November of an "invisibility shield," created by David R. Smith of Duke University and colleagues, inevitably set the media buzzing with talk of H. G. Wells's invisible man and Star Trek's Romulans”.
    MIT Technology Review

    Hanya beberapa tahun yang lalu, seluruh ilmuwan ternama dunia masih yakin bahwa tidak ada satupun material di dunia ini yang bisa membuat manusia menghilang. Itu benar-benar tidak mungkin, karena itu melanggar semua hukum alam yang diketahui manusia. Tapi mereka semua salah..
    Metamaterial, menjadi salahsatu bahan yang ramai dibicarakan. Bahan ini bisa membuat sesuatu, menjadi tidak terlihat. Sebuah baju yang menggunakan teknologi ini bisa membuat pemakainya ”menghilang”, seperti jubah ajaib dalam ”Harry Potter”.

    Sebuah pesawat tempur dengan bahan metamaterial akan jadi tidak terlihat, bukan sekedar tidak terlihat radar seperti teknologi ”Stealth”, tapi benar-benar tidak terlihat mata seperti alat cloaking device dalam Star Trek.

    Ini bisa dilakukan misalnya dengan menciptakan material artifisial yang mampu membelokkan radiasi elektromagnetik, demikian pula dengan cahaya, yang pada dasarnya adalah radiasi elektromagnetik. Bahannya bisa seperti timah dan plastik yang diatur dalam struktur pola tertentu.

    Metamaterial akan membelokkan cahaya, mengelilingi obyek yang diselimutinya dan berkumpul kembali di ujungnya, seperti air sungai mengelilingi sebuah batu. Dalam penelitian terakhir di Perdue University mereka menggunakan jarum-jarum khusus yang akan membelokkan cahaya melampaui obyek yang diselubungi sementara obyek di belakangnya akan terlihat.

    Material ini sedang diteliti di seluruh dunia termasuk di MIT, University of California Berkeley, Duke University, dan Caltech di LA.

    7. Space Elevator, Tangga Menuju Bintang-bintang
    Space elevator atau Tangga Luar angkasa adalah seperti lift yang sangat tinggi dari bumi menuju ke orbit bumi di luar angkasa, 35.000 kilometer tingginya. Dengan lift ini perjalanan ke orbit bumi akan menjadi lebih mudah, dan murah.
    Banyak orang berharap, bahwa program ruang angkasa yang tadinya berhenti sampai di bulan karena sangat mahal, akan bisa dimulai lagi. Dan mungkin impian manusia untuk pergi ke Mars, akan terwujud.

    Lift ini awalnya hanya berupa khayalan, tapi ternyata dengan ditemukannya sebuah teknologi baru, hal ini menjadi sangat memungkinkan diwujudkan. Teknologi itu adalah Carbon nanotube, material baru yang dikatakan lebih kuat dari intan dan lebih ringan dari baja.

    Hal ini nantinya akan memungkinkan dimulainya era baru dalam penjelahajan ruang angkasa.

    8. Memasuki Era Hiper-Sonik, Scramjet
    Scramjet akan menjadi salahsatu revolusi terbesar dalam sejarah transportasi dunia. Pesawat tempur tercanggih di dunia sekarang, F/A-22 Raptor milik Amerika berkecepatan maksimal Mach 2, atau 2 kali kecepatan suara. Pesawat penumpang Scramjet, akan membawa anda terbang dengan kecepatan 10 kali kecepatan suara, Mach 10.
    Penerbangan dari New York ke Tokyo yang sekarang ditempuh dalam waktu 18 jam yang panjang dan melelahkan, akan ditempuh Scramjet, hanya dalam 120 menit.

    Scramjet tidak perlu memakai bahan bakar roket biasa yang mahal dan berat, bahan bakarnya menggunakan hidrogen cair yang dicampur penyedotan oksigen langsung dari atmosfer (air-breathing scramjet engine). Pembakaran hidrogen dan oksigen pada kecepatan supersonik inilah yang akan mengakselerasikan kecepatannya.

    Ini akan membuat penerbangan dari satu tempat ke tempat lain di seluruh dunia menjadi super cepat.

    9. Fountain Of Youth, Resveratrol
    Mungkin, nantinya kita bisa menemukan sesuatu yang memungkinkan kita hidup ratusan tahun. Tapi para ilmuwan mungkin telah menemukannya, sesuatu yang dinamakan “Sirtuin”, Silent Information Regulator 2 (Sir2) proteins dan resveratrol, zat antioxidan yang ternyata banyak ditemukan dalam buah anggur merah (Jadi sering-seringlah makan buah anggur.)

    Tapi para ilmuwan juga telah menciptakan sesuatu yang bahkan lebih kuat dari resveratrol yaitu sebuah obat dengan kode, SRT1720.

    “SRT1720 is a thousand times more potent than resveratrol, meaning that it could be taken in smaller doses. A person would have to drink hundreds of glasses of wine to get the same health benefits from resveratrol. Resveratrol will pretty soon look like ancient technology,"
    David Sinclair, a biologist at Harvard Medical School

    10. Singularitas.

    Suatu hari nanti, akan datang suatu masa dimana melalui rekayasa genetika seluruh manusia akan mempunyai fisik dan kecerdasan yang nyaris sempurna.
    Lalu dengan kemajuan teknologi komputer, komputer kuantum dan nanoteknologi memungkinkan manusia memasukkan Quantum Computer berukuran partikel ke dalam otaknya dan menggunakan partikel-partikel nano untuk makin memperkuat tubuhnya. Ini adalah hal yang dinamakan Singularitas. Penyatuan antara biologi manusia dengan teknologi.

              Will You Get the Flu? This Real-Time Flu Forecaster Could Tell You        
    Researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health have devised a flu predictor that could pinpoint peak cases as much as nine weeks early. That could help to contain the yearly flood of influenza cases, which stretch from December to April and can surge unpredictably. Knowing when specific cities or regions might be hit especially hard could help people to be more vigilant about washing their hands, as well as allow doctors and public health officials to stockpile vaccines and other flu remedies. The model, which is described in the journal Nature Communications, incorporates flu-related search data from Google Flu Trends and flu cases from the Centers for Disease Control. The Google data relies on search terms as indicators of flu activity, but the forecaster improves on the data’s predictive capabilities. While more cases of flu may certainly lead to more searches for influenza-related issues, these search queries can be thrown off by media coverage of the flu, which aren’t always connected to the intensity of infections but could simply reflect, for example, the start of flu season. The model also borrows strategies used in weather prediction, which make it one of the most accurate predictors of peak flu cases so far. The weather techniques include taking advantage of physical characteristics — in the case of influenza, things such as the dynamics of how influenza particles travel through the air and transfer from person to person — as well as historical information on previous infection trends. “We have a model of influenza that describes the propagation of the influenza virus through a population,” says the study’s lead author Jeffrey Shaman, an assistant professor of Environmental Health Sciences. “The idea is that you take the real-time observations from the last 10 weeks up to the present and you use those to inform the model. You train the model, and by doing that, the model doesn’t fly off and make some predication or represent reality in a way that is not correct,” says Shaman. Every week, the tool incorporates the actual number of cases of flu reported and
                      

    Like trees, and other natural elements, clouds have continued to inspire my work. They are varied and have such a phenomenal beauty about them, in terms of colours and shape, and also formation. Their dynamic aesthetic appeal reveal a great sense of depth and infinity. Their abstraction also add to the breath of how they can be read and appreciated to great contemplative lengths of time. One finds therapeutic effects and profound visual information from the light quality that plays on clouds. Some cloud names have been given in latin, mostly to mean heap, layer, curl of hair and rain. By nature, clouds are warm, cold, dynamic and changing. They are affected by air pressure, winds, air parcels and movement of particles which make them infinitely a joy to watch and reflect upon, hence their powers to attract contemplative study. Cloud definitions describe their shape and locality.

    www.zlgdesign.com
              Particle Photon + Internet Button – Ä°lk Ä°zlenimler        

    Merhabalar, Particle konusunda ilk yazımızda Maker Kit‘in kutu açılışını yapmıştık. Bu yazımızda ise Photon elektronik prototipleme kartını bilgisayarımıza tanıtacağız. Windows 7 altında çalıştığımdan dolayı Photon kartını bilgisayarıma taktığımda otomatik olarak yüklemedi. Bunu nasıl el ile yükleyeceğimizi göstereceğim. Muhtemelen eğer Photon kartınızı bilgisayara bağladıysanız aygıt yöneticinizde şöyle bir hata göreceksiniz; Bu hatayı giderebilmek için sürücüyü yükleyeceğiz. …

    The post Particle Photon + Internet Button – Ä°lk Ä°zlenimler appeared first on roboturka.com |.


              Particle Photon Maker Kit – Kutu Açılışı        

    Merhabalar, Particle Photon; STM32F20 tabanlı, bünyesinde Wi-Fi chip’i barındıran bir elektronik prototipleme kartıdır. Bu kart ile istediğiniz bir nesneyi, aracı veya gereci internete bağlarak IoT dünyasına giriş yapabilirsiniz. 1MB flash hafızası ve 128 Kb RAM donanımıyla küçük ve hobi işlerinizi fazlasıyla görecektir.   Şekil 1. Particle Photon Bu ürünü Particle.io incelememiz için tarafımıza ulaştırdı. Türkiye’de …

    The post Particle Photon Maker Kit – Kutu Açılışı appeared first on roboturka.com |.


              Enclosure Dissaster!        



    The Hains printer in the semi-finished enclosure at the Makers Guild Meeting.

    The the enclosure for the Hains /was/ in final stages, needing just windows, front door(s) and lots of work on attaining the piano finish that I want for the case exterior. The rough edges of the particle board, especially around the openings for the windows, is giving me fits. And I am a bit stuck about what to do about the front door. Fourteen inches is too wide for a door, I think, but dividing the door into two seven inch doors means that there will be an obstructed view from the front when the doors are closed. Plus, figuring out how to lock the doors when they close in the middle like that is challenging. I've decided to use t-nuts instead of printed trapped nuts for the screws that hold the case on to the base. T-nuts are awesome, and will give a nicer, cleaner profile on the inside of the case. They will also be less hassle than would be designing then printing up the bits I need for the trapped nuts.

    Note: I said /was/ in its final stages.

    I was in such a rush to get the enclosure finished before the expo at the KIA that I was slapping layers of paint on it right up until the night before. The paint wasn't completely dry, so the case got stuck to the base. In short, I busted the top of the case hammering on the underside to get it unstuck.




    In my rush to repair it I fail to think things through sufficiently and break the case in two more places.







    Yeah, so.... I think it's salvageable, but it's going to take some thinking.

    - Posted using BlogPress from my iPad

              ANIMASI 3D        


    Membuat 3D dengan Blender 3D
    Membuat 3D dengan Blender 3D
    Pusatgratis – Untuk semua pengunjung PG yang tertarik di dunia 3D modelling dan animasi.. Blender 3D adalah software gratis yang bisa anda gunakan untuk modeling, texuring, lighting, animasi dan video post processing 3 dimensi. Blender 3D yang merupakan software gratis dan open source ini merupakan open source 3D paling populer di dunia. Fitur Blender 3D tidak kalah dengan software 3D berharga mahal seperti 3D studio max, maya maupun XSI.
    Dengan Blender 3D anda bisa membuat objek 3D animasi, media 3D interaktif, model dan bentuk 3D profesional, membuat objek game dan masih banyak lagi kreasi 3D lainnya.
    Blender 3D memberikan fitur – fitur utama sebagai berikut :
    1. interface yang user friendly dan tertata rapi.
    2. tool untuk membuat objek 3D yang lengkap meliputi modeling, UV mapping, texturing, rigging, skinning, animasi, particle dan simulasi lainnya, scripting, rendering, compositing, post production dan game creation.
    3. Cross Platform, dengan uniform GUI dan mendukung semua platform. Blender 3D bisa anda gunakan untuk semua versi windows, Linux, OS X, FreeBSD, Irix, Sun dan sistem operasi yang lainnya.
    4. Kualitas arsitektur 3D yang berkualitas tinggi dan bisa dikerjakan dengan lebih cepat dan efisien.
    5. Dukungan yang aktif melalui forum dan komunitas
    6. File Berukuran kecil
    7. dan tentu saja gratis
    happy
    Berikut ini beberapa screenshot gambar dan animasi 3 dimensi hasil desain dari Blender 3D
    Gambar Hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar Hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar Hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar Hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar Hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar Hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Gambar hasil Desain Blender 3D
    Hasil desain 3D oleh freeware Open Source Blender 3D terbukti tidak kalah dengan software 3D yang berharga mahal happy
    Download Blender 3D dari situs resmi Blender 3D | License : Free, open Source | size : 13 – 24 Mb (tergantung sistem operasi anda) | Support : Semua versi Windows, Linux, OS X, FreeBSD, Irix, Sun dan beberapa sistem operasi yang lainnya.
    Selamat mendesain

    Stop Dreaming start Action (Mau mencoba dan berkarya)

    Kata-kata stop dreaming start action mempengaruhi pikiranku, mungkin kita banyak bermimpi atau berkayal untuk mendapatkan sesuatu, mungkin cita-cita bisa selangkit harapan dan keinginan bisa tinggi setinggi gunung. Tapi apakah semua itu kita dapatkan yang kita harapakan tentu tidak karena masih ada tidakan yang harus kita lakukan, itu yang membuat kita susah untuk mendapatkan yang kita inginkan.
    Perlu kita ingan didunia ini apa sih yang kita dapatkan dari bermimpi? mukin belum ada didunia ini orang yang kaya atau sukses hanya dengan duduk-duduk, tidur-tiduran atau bermalas -malasan, mungkin ada tapi hanya sedikit yang kita temukan atau bisa dibilang kaya dari warisan,atau terlahir dari anak orang kaya bisa juga suskse dari keberuntungan. Mimpinya orang film sinetron.
    Saya banyak mendapatkan kiriman email dari Bapak Joko susilo yang banyak memberi masukan dan motivasi ilmu tentang hal kesuksesan, itu yang mempengaruhi pikiranku sekarang. Mungkin klop aja dari dunia ilmu yang saya geluti yaitu komputer terutama dibidang internet, banyak hal yang saya terima dari kiraman emailnya.yaitu tentang slogan blog harus mempunyai slogan penting. Jadi slogan saya di blog adalah tentang membuat animasi flash. Dimana saya dituntut untuk lebih bayak berkreatifitas dalam berkarya, ada juga email yang dikirimkan kepada saya tentang 6 cara menumbuhkan kreativitas. Saya sangat berterima kasih kepada bapak Joko susilo, walaupun karya saya tidak bagus tapi itu membuat saya berarti karena keinginan saya sejak kecil terwujud sekarang.
    Kreativitas yang saya buat hanya untuk menyalurkan hobie, tapi setidaknya saya tidak bermimpi untuk bisa melakukannya walaupun saya tidak pintar menggambar. ungkin rekan - rekan semua bisa sama seperti saya mungkin ada bisa memwujudkan imipin anda walupun hanya sesaat. Hidup selalu penuh pengorbanan dan perjuangan dan kita pasti mendapatkan kemulian dari usahanya.


              Why Do We Close Our Eyes When We Sneeze?        
    Sneezes occur when small particles literally get up your nose and cause a whole series of involuntary chain reactions. So why are your eyes involved?

    .
              Dusting, by Marilyn Nelson         
    Dusting

    Thank you for these tiny
    particles of ocean salt,
    pearl-necklace viruses;
    winged protozoans:
    for the infinite,
    intricate shapes
    of submicroscopic
    living things.

    For algae spores
    and fungus spores,
    bonded by vital
    mutual genetic cooperation,
    spreading their 
    inseparable lives
    from equator to pole.

    My hand, my arm,
    make sweeping circles.
    Dust climbs the ladder of light. 
    For this infernal, endless chore,
    for these eternal seeds of rain:
    Thank you. For dust.


    I am thankful for dust, too, and also for my trip this past summer to France, getting to walk past these men on my way to the Camille Claude museum in Nogents.


    And I am thankful that I have been given time to write



    and that I have access to fresh and local foods

    And I am thankful for views like these

    And I am grateful to my parents for instilling a passion for learning


    even though I still have no idea why this saint is blasting off like a rocket.





              Rameshwaram Dhanpradata Shiv-Gouri Sadhana Mahotsav - RAMESHWARAM        
    Date: 14, 15 March, 2015

    Venue: Satsang Bhawan, Goswami Mutt - 2, Near Sita Tirth, RAMESHWARAM (Tamil Nadu)

    Dwadasa Jyotirling Stuti:



    Rameshwaram Holiest Pilgrimage
    Rameshwaram shrine is one of the holiest pilgrims of Hindus and is among the Char Dhaams (four divine sites) comprising of Badrinath, Puri, Dwarka and Rameshwaram. Rameshwaram is an island, which is in the shape of a conch. Its importance has been mentioned in the Skandha Purana and Shivapurana. Ramanathaswamy Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and it is the temple with the longest corridor among all Hindu temples in India. It enjoys reverence akin to Banaras. It is believed that one can’t attain ‘nirvaan’ without a visit to this place. Mythologically, this is the place where Lord Ram worshipped Lord Shiva to cleanse away the sin of killing Ravana (Ravana was a Brahmin and killing a Brahmin is considered a sin). Rameshwaram is therefore a holy pilgrimage for Vaishnavites and Shaivites alike. This temple is one of the holiest Hindu temples.

    Spiritual Significance – Rameshwaram
    If one lies down on bank and sticks the sand on the body, the number of as many sand particles would absolve as many Brahmahatya (killing a Brahmin) sins. The touch of the wind on one’s body from the mid-banks of Setu would pardon ten thousand ‘Surapanaas’(drinking alcohol). One can take an oath on behalf of someone and then taking a dip in the sacred water will relieve a person of all his sins.

    Historical Significance – Rameshwaram
    Following king Dasharatha’s wish, Lord Shri Ram, Devi Sita and Lakshman consigned themselves to the Dandakaranya forest for fourteen years. When residing at a hermitage in Panchavati, the demon king Ravana tricked and abducted Devi Sita. He held her captive in Ashokavana in Lanka – the present day Srilanka. Rama and Lakshmana reached Kishkindha in search of Devi Sita, where they made Hanuman and Sugriva as their friends. The latter was helped by Rama to kill Bali and made him the king of Kishkindha. A huge search for Devi Sita was organized by the vaanaras in which Hanuman having reached southern seashore at Rameshwaram, jumped across the ocean, and met Devi Sita at Ashokavana. After finding Devi Sita in captivity in a garden, Hanuman reveals his identity to her, reassures her that Lord Rama has been looking for her, and uplifted her spirits. Hanuman returned back to Rama and gave the news of Sita’s whereabouts. Rama, Lakshmana, Sugriva, Hanuman, Jambavan and other great warriors of vaanaras reached the seashore of Rameshwaram.

    Rama prayed to Samudra Deva (God of Ocean) for three days but grew angry since he did not respond. As Rama took his bow and arrow to punish Samudra Deva, Samudra Deva appeared and agreed to help Rama. Nala constructed a bridge using stones and boulders across the ocean. Thus commenced the ‘Setu Bandhan’ with the help of any material including trees, plants, flowers, and even grass thrown into the deep waters by Nala and soon enough a remarkable bridge was planned right across the Ocean. Lord Shri Rama determined an excellent ‘muhurat’(auspicious time) for Ganesh Puja and Maheshwara Puja at the Devipatnam Nagar. The Setubandhan mantra recited by all those involved in the building of it is as follows:

    Raghuvira padanyasa Pavitrikruta Pamsavey,
    Dasakantha siraccheda hetavey Setavey
    Namah Ketavey Ramachandrasya moksha
    Maargonka hetavey, Sitaayaa maanasambhoja
    Bhaanavey Setava namah

    This Place has become sacred with the dust of Shri Ram’s feet; this Setu is the one being constructed to devastate the ten heads of Ravanasura; this is the Ketu (dhwaja or flag symbol) being built as the proof of ‘Moksha Sadhana’or the Route to Salvation, Shri Rama’s universal distinction and Devi Sita’s happiness like the opening of her lotus like heart with Surya Deva’s high radiance. Our greetings to this immortal Setu!

    Starting the task of Setu Bandhan, the construction was accomplished within five days. Rameshwaram Maha Linga is the most hallowed Parameshwara linga established by Lord Rama and Devi Sita for the twin reasons of freeing them from sins of brahma hatya dosha (killing Ravana) and also to show their gratitude and veneration to Mahadeva.

    In consultation with Maha Munis, Lord Rama decided to consecrate Rameshwara Linga at the most auspicious ‘Muhurat’ and requested Hanuman to bring the Linga from Mahadeva at Kailash Mountain. Hanuman raced to Kailasa by the sky route in a second time but could not secure Shiva Darshan fast and had to meditate Mahadeva for days together. Finally, Mahadeva blessed Rameshwara Linga and without loss of time Hanuman came back to Rameshwaram. However Hanuman could not arrive before the auspicious muhurat and hence Devi Sita prepared a Shiva Linga out of the ocean sand. Lord Rama established the sand linga by performing abhisheks amid recitals of vedas and other appropriate mantras by the holy waters from Koti Tirtha. In order that Hanuman should not feel disappointed, Shri Rama placed Hanumadiswara Linga and announced that devotees should have to see this Linga even before they worship Rameshwar Linga.

    Rameshwaram Temple and other places of Interest
    The Rameshwaram temple was built by many kings and is very famous for its sculptural beauty. The third corridor is the longest corridor in the world. Twenty two different tirthas are present inside the temple. Each of these tirthas is fresh water spring near to an ocean bed which in itself is a miracle.
    There are total 22 tirthas (wells) in this temple and it is believed that taking a bath from the water of these wells helps one to get rid of all the sins as well as diseases in life. The most important ones are Chakra Tirtha, Betala Varada Tirtha and Paapavinashana Tirtha. Then there are Sitasarovar Tirtha, Mangala Tirtha and Amritavaapika, Brahmakund, Hanumankund, Agasthya Tirtha, Rama Tirtha, Lakshmana Tirtha, Jaya Tirtha, Lakshmi Tirtha, Agni Tirtha, Chakra Tirtha, Shiva Tirtha, Shankha Tirtha, Yamuna Tirtha, Ganga Tirtha, Gaya Tirtha, Koti Tirtha, Saadhyamrita Tirtha, Maanasa Tirtha and Dhanushkodi Tirtha.

    Rules of Attending this Shivir
    1. Various spiritual activities will be performed on 14th March 2015 under the guidance of Gurudev after completion of Aarti on Rameshwaram Shivghat which lies on the bank of Indian Ocean.
    2. Swa Rudrabhisheka will be performed on 15th March 2015 to eradicate poverty, illness, untimely death consequences and misfortunes from the life.
    3. Yoga, pranayama, mantra recitation, sadhana, bhajans etc. will be performed daily.
    4. You should make sure that instead of roaming around after the Shivir, you should go back directly to home on the morning of 16th March, 2015 and recite the Mantra provided by Gurudev for getting the best results of your Sadhanas or Diksha.
    5. Registration cost of the Shivir is Rs. 5100/- (Rupees Five Thousand One Hundred Only). You can deposit this amount by yourself in account number 31763681638 in the name of Pracheen Mantra Yantra Vigyan, State Bank of India, U.I.T., Jodhpur account.
    6. If amount is directly deposited in the account, then it is advisable to send the PAY IN SLIP to Jodhpur Office or if the transfer is made online, then you can forward the amount transfer SMS.
    7. Please contact the Jodhpur office on the following landline numbers 0291-2517025, 0291-2517028 or on mobile numbers 07568939648 or 08769442398 for more details regarding the Shivir.
    8. Lodging and food arrangements will be made for registered disciples only. Lodging will be provided in DORMITORY / HALL only.
    9. Mothers / sisters / daughters should not come alone.
    10. It is also recommended that only physically fit person should attend this Shivir.
    11. It is necessary to reach Rameshwaram by 14th March 2015 morning.

    All Major City connected by train to Madurai & Rameshwaram.

    As mentioned above, Rameshwaram is one of the most holy pilgrimages of the Hindus and it is also said that one who visits this place get rid of all the sins. Without any doubt, it is also true that only a fortunate person can get Dikshas or Sadhanas on such holy land. It is our good fortune that we are getting such a golden opportunity in life to go to such a divine land under the guidance of Sadgurudev and we should grab this opportunity with our both hands.

    Each registered Sadhak will be initiated by Gurudev Shri Kailash Chandra Shrimali with Shakshi Vinayak Diksha and Kaalbhairav Shaktipaat Diksha. To get completeness, prosperity, opulence, Hawan, Pujan, Rudraabhishek, Darshan at RAMESHWARAM JYOTIRLINGAM, Holy bath at 22 Kunds (Wells) is also organised.





               Particle concentration and size effects on the erosion-corrosion of pure metals in aqueous slurries         
    Telfer, C.G. and Stack, Margaret and Jana, Buddhadev (2012) Particle concentration and size effects on the erosion-corrosion of pure metals in aqueous slurries. Tribology International , 53. pp. 35-44. ISSN 0301-679X
               Erosion-corrosion of carbon steel and 310 stainless steel at low impact velocities : Effect of erodent particle type         
    Chacón-Nava, José G. and Almeraya-Calderón, F. and Orozco-Carmona, V.M. and Martínez-Villafañe, Alberto and Stack, Margaret (2012) Erosion-corrosion of carbon steel and 310 stainless steel at low impact velocities : Effect of erodent particle type. In: VIII Latincorr 2012. National Association of Corrosion Engineers, NACE.
               A CFD model of particle concentration effects on the erosion-corrosion of Fe in aqueous conditions         
    Stack, M.M. and Abdelrahman, Shehab (2011) A CFD model of particle concentration effects on the erosion-corrosion of Fe in aqueous conditions. Wear , 273 (1). pp. 38-42. ISSN 0043-1648
               Incorporation of TiC particles on AlSi 4340 low alloy steel surfaces via tungsten inert gas melting         
    Mridha, Shahjahan and Idriss, A.N. and Baker, Thomas (2011) Incorporation of TiC particles on AlSi 4340 low alloy steel surfaces via tungsten inert gas melting. In: 14th international Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies , 2011-07-13 - 2011-07-16.
               A note on threshold velocity criteria for modelling the solid particle erosion of WC/Co MMCs         
    Jana, B.D. and Stack, M.M. (2011) A note on threshold velocity criteria for modelling the solid particle erosion of WC/Co MMCs. Wear , 270 (7-8). pp. 439-445. ISSN 0043-1648
               Some remarks on particle size effects on the abrasion of a range of Fe based alloys         
    Chacón-Nava, José G. and Martínez-Villafañe, Alberto and Almeraya-Calderón, F. and Cabral-Miramontes, J.A. and Stack, Margaret (2010) Some remarks on particle size effects on the abrasion of a range of Fe based alloys. Tribology International , 43 (8). pp. 1307-1317. ISSN 0301-679X
               CFD modelling of erosion-corrosion of steel in aqueous environments : particle concentration effects on the regime boundaries         
    Stack, M.M. and Abdelrahman, S.M. (2010) CFD modelling of erosion-corrosion of steel in aqueous environments : particle concentration effects on the regime boundaries. In: 14th Nordic Conference on Tribology, NordTrib 2010 , 2010-06-08 - 2010-06-11.
               Interaction between particle erosion, aqueous corrosion and binder content in chromium carbide based cermets at room temperatures         
    Antonov, Maksim and Stack, M.M. and Hussainova, Irina (2005) Interaction between particle erosion, aqueous corrosion and binder content in chromium carbide based cermets at room temperatures. In: 14th International Baltic Conference, Materials Engineering , 2005-10-06 - 2005-10-07.
               Evolution of precipitates, in particular cruciform and cuboid particles, during simulated direct charging of thin slab cast vanadium microalloyed steels         
    Baker, T.N. and Li, Y. and Wilson, J.A. and Carven, A.J. and Crowther, D.N. (2004) Evolution of precipitates, in particular cruciform and cuboid particles, during simulated direct charging of thin slab cast vanadium microalloyed steels. Materials Science and Technology , 20 (6). pp. 720-730. ISSN 0267-0836
               Erosion-corrosion of chromium steel in a rotating cylinder electrode system : some comments on particle size effects         
    Stack, M.M. and James, J.S. and Lu, Q. (2004) Erosion-corrosion of chromium steel in a rotating cylinder electrode system : some comments on particle size effects. Wear , 256 (5). pp. 557-564. ISSN 0043-1648
               Some thoughts on modelling the effects of oxygen and particle concentration on the erosion-corrosion of steels in aqueous slurries         
    Stack, Margaret and Corlett, N. and Turgoose, S. (2003) Some thoughts on modelling the effects of oxygen and particle concentration on the erosion-corrosion of steels in aqueous slurries. Wear , 255 (1-6). pp. 225-236. ISSN 0043-1648
               Nanoanalysis of dispersion strengthening particles in thin slab cast vanadium microalloyed steels         
    Wilson, J.A. and Craven, A.J. and Li, Y. and Baker, T.N. (2002) Nanoanalysis of dispersion strengthening particles in thin slab cast vanadium microalloyed steels. In: Proceedings of the Institute of Physics Electron Microscopy and Analysis Group (EMAG 2001 Conference). EMAG Conference Series, 168 . Institute of Physics, London, United Kingdom, pp. 187-190. ISBN 0-7503-0812-5
               Preferential erosive wear of droplet particles for cathodic arc/unbalanced magnetron sputtering CrN.NbN superlattice PVD coatings         
    Wang, H.W. and Stack, M.M. and Lyon, S.B. and Hovsepian, P. and Munz, W.D. (2001) Preferential erosive wear of droplet particles for cathodic arc/unbalanced magnetron sputtering CrN.NbN superlattice PVD coatings. Journal of Materials Science Letters , 20 (6). pp. 547-550. ISSN 0261-8028
               The erosive wear of mild and stainless steels under controlled corrosion in alkaline slurries containing alumina particles         
    Wang, H W and Stack, M M (2000) The erosive wear of mild and stainless steels under controlled corrosion in alkaline slurries containing alumina particles. Journal of Materials Science , 35 (21). pp. 5263-5273. ISSN 0022-2461
               Slurry erosion of metallics, polymers, and ceramics : particle size effects         
    Stack, M.M. and Pungwiwat, N. (1999) Slurry erosion of metallics, polymers, and ceramics : particle size effects. Materials Science and Technology , 15 (3). pp. 337-344. ISSN 0267-0836
               Erosion of PVD TiN coatings under simultaneous corrosion in sodium carbonate/bicarbonate buffer slurries containing alumina particles         
    Wang, H.W. and Stack, M.M. (1998) Erosion of PVD TiN coatings under simultaneous corrosion in sodium carbonate/bicarbonate buffer slurries containing alumina particles. Surface and Coatings Technology , 106 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0257-8972
               Solid particle erosion of Ni-Cr/WC metal matrix composites at elevated temperatures : construction of erosion mechanism and process control maps         
    Stack, M M and Pena, D (1997) Solid particle erosion of Ni-Cr/WC metal matrix composites at elevated temperatures : construction of erosion mechanism and process control maps. Wear , 203. pp. 489-497. ISSN 0043-1648
               Effects of particle velocity and applied potential on erosion of mild steel in carbonate/bicarbonate slurry         
    Stack, M.M. and Zhou, S. and Newman, R.C. (1996) Effects of particle velocity and applied potential on erosion of mild steel in carbonate/bicarbonate slurry. Materials Science and Technology , 12 (3). pp. 261-268. ISSN 0267-0836
               The interactions of sulphidation and particle erosion at high temperatures         
    Stott, F.H. and LEKATOS, S and JORDAN, M P and Wood, G.C. and Stack, Margaret (1995) The interactions of sulphidation and particle erosion at high temperatures. Materials and Corrosion-Werkstoffe und Korrosion , 46 (5). pp. 261-270. ISSN 0947-5117
               Ceramic-matrix composites of silicon-nitride with conducting particles         
    Smith, A. and Abed, A. and Edrees, H.J. and Hendry, A. (1994) Ceramic-matrix composites of silicon-nitride with conducting particles. In: Silicon Nitride 93: proceedings of the international conference on silicon nitride-based ceramics, Stuttgart, October 4-6, 1993. Key Engineering Materials, 89-91 . Trans Tech Publications, Aedermannsdorf, Switzerland, pp. 423-428. ISBN 0-87849-668-8
              Meet Gillette, your new government agency        

    YAS

    Got to love the TSA (<-- link love!).

    I am on my way to Web2Expo. In the spirit of the Butterfly Effect, a car crashing into an aircraft in Paris delayed all flights from Israel to NY. That's a good start.

    Spent hours on the phone, got on standby, bla bla, made it to an alternate flight (no, it wasn't easy), missed the connection to SF by 15 minutes, bla bla, new connection delayed by 1.5 hours (and still counting). But the real highlight so far was the TSA supervisor.

    Following the New and Advanced "3-1-1" branded TSA rules about clear, 3 oz bottles, I did exactly that - got several clear 3oz bottles, and put the stuff that I need to take with me when I travel in them. And this was fine with the TSA during the last 3 or 4 trips.

    But today, they realized that actually, since these bottles do not have a commercial company label attached to them, they don't know what its inside and therefore cannot allow them.

    You have to ponder. Now, if I wanted to do evil, how hard would it be for me to take a commercial bottle with a nice label, empty it and fill it with a malicious substance?

    And is Gillette now a government agency, in charge of approving liquid substances on board?

    And by how much exactly did the cosmetics companies profits increase as a result of these amazingly smart decisions by the TSA?

    Technorati tags: , ,


              Particle Highway        

    Cinema 4d
    Octane
    X-particles

    Cast: Ümpf

    Tags: cinema 4d, c4d, x-particles, particles, octanerender, cgi, octane, graphics, computer, animation, 3d, render, motion, sci-fi, science and fantasy


              Quartet for the End of Time/The Crystal Liturgy        

    Olivier Messiaen's Quartet for the End of Time premiered on 15 January 1941 in the prisoner-of-war camp where the composer was interned during World War Two. To celebrate the 75th anniversary Sinfini Music commissioned me to create an animation around it. Working with Prof. Marcus du Sautoy I used the piece to explore Messiaen's complex relationship to mathematics, music and religious belief.

    To learn more about the mathematics and the production process go to vicarage.studio/messiaen
    twitter.com/vicaragestudio

    Animation/Direction: Simon Russell/Vicarage Studio
    Commission: Emma Bharj/Sinifini Music
    Sound Design: Redhorse Studio
    With special thanks to Marcus du Sautoy

    Quartet for the End of Time by Olivier Messiaen
    Performed by Claude Desurmont (clarinet)
    Luben Yordanoff (violin)
    Albert Tétard (cello)
    Daniel Barenboim (piano)
    © 2015 Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, Berlin

    Cast: Simon F A Russell and Redhorse Studio

    Tags: animation, cinema4d, c4d, mathematics, aftereffects, particles, goldenratio, nature, sync, synaesthesia, messiaen, du sautoy, simon russell and sinfini


              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 03-10-2014 with Barry Roark        
    Playlist:

    Son Lux- Easy - Lanterns
    Cranes- Living And Breathing - Wings Of Joy
    David Grisman- Muddy Roads - Muddy Roads
    Tacocat- Snow Day - NVM
    DJ Acucrack- Thaiclomaide - Killing Mobius
    Belle And Sebastian- Heaven In The Afternoon - The Third Eye Centre
    Beck- Waking Light - Morning Phase
    Various Artists- Zongo DubNY - I Dub NY
    Mojave 3- Starlight 1 - Spoon And Rafter
    Milosh- Hold Me - Jetlag
    The Plates- Callin On Your Name - Punky Reggae
    The Notwist- Signals - Close To The Glass
    Shaheed DJ Supreme- Revolutionary - Knowledge Rhythm And Understanding
    P- Surfin Bird - Back To The Beach
    Trumystic- Fire - Dub Power
    The Blake Babies- Brain Damage - God Bless The Blake Babies
    Aretha Franklin- Thats The Way I Feel About Cha Alternate Version Hey Now Hey The Other Side Of The Sky Outtake - Rare Unreleased Recordings From The Golden Reign Of The Queen Of Soul
    Basia Bulat- Someone - Tall Tall Shadow
    Fort Knox Five- Learning It The Hard Way - 10 Years Of Fort Knox Five Remixed
    The Whiskey Gentry- Particles - Holly Grove
    The Saint Johns- Your Head And Your Heart - Open Water EP
    Fahy Harley Kramer- The Pebbles - Egomaniacs
    Diamond Fist Werny- Fountain Head - Long View To The Sky
    Doctor Pablo The Dub Syndicate- Tribute - North Of The River Thames
    Philip Glass Ensemble- Islands - Glassworks Expanded Edition
    Various Artists- Love Will Keep Us Together - LOUNGEAPALOOZA
    Blackalicious- Makin Progress - NIA
    Eels- SoulJacker Part II - Soul Jacker
    Dressy Bessy- Tidy - Dressy Bessy
    Damien Jurado- Silver Donna - Brothers And Sisters Of The Eternal Son
    Sinead Lohan- No Mermaid - Message In A Bottle Music From And Inspired By The Motion Picture
    Morcheeba- Hypnotized - Head Up High
    Cibo Matto- 10th Floor Ghost Girl - Hotel Valentine


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2014-03-10
              Instagram: John Linnell of They Might Be Giants on the accordion. #tmbg #moblog /cc @particlepeople        

              Chemical Dependency Treatment Potent Foods        
    Soups
    Soup is good for you! Maybe not the canned varieties from the store - but old-fashioned, homemade soup promotes weight loss. A study by Dr. John Foreyt of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, found that dieters who ate a bowl of soup before lunch and dinner lost more weight than dieters who didn’t. In fact, the more soup they ate, the more weight they lost. And soup eaters tend to keep the weight off longer.

    Naturally, the type of soup you eat makes a difference. Cream soups or those made of beef or pork are not your best bets. But here’s a great recipe:

    Slice three large onions, three carrots, four stalks of celery, one zucchini and one yellow squash. Place in a kettle. Add three cans crushed tomatoes, two packets low-sodium chicken bouillon, three cans water and one cup white wine (optional). Add tarragon, basil, oregano, thyme and garlic powder. Boil, then simmer for an hour. Serves six.
    Beans
    Beans are one of the best sources of plant protein. Peas, beans and chickpeas are collectively known as legumes. Most common beans have 215 calories per cooked cup (lima beans go up to 260). They have the most protein with the least fat of any food, and they’re high in potassium but low in sodium.

    Plant protein is incomplete, which means that you need to add something to make it complete. Combine beans with a whole grain - rice, barley, wheat, corn - to provide the amino acids necessary to form a complete protein. Then you get the same top-quality protein as in meat with just a fraction of the fat.

    Studies at the University of Kentucky and in the Netherlands show that eating beans regularly can lower cholesterol levels.

    The most common complaint about beans is that they cause gas. Here’s how to contain that problem, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA): Before cooking, rinse the beans and remove foreign particles, put in a kettle and cover with boiling water, soak for four hours or longer, remove any beans that float to the top, then cook the beans in fresh water.
    The Alternative To Meds Center specializes in chemical dependency treatment and detox and rehab
              Altria Seminar        
    Probing the Transition from Molecules to Particles Richard C. Flagan 3:30 PM, Oliver 1024 March 23rd, 2017 Particles in the low nanometer size regime are formed from the vapor phase throughout the atmosphere, some when hot, vapor-laden gases are released into cooler air, contributing to high near-roadway concentrations of ultrafine particles that have been linked […]
              Adventures and mis-adventures of traveling to a non-english speaking country        

    I never ask for directions whenever I travel in Korea. 

    I knew, since the first few times I tried, that I will either get 1) a brisk wave of the hand the moment I utter “Excuse me…”, an embarrassing turn down even before I get to ask my question; or 2) the person I asked for help will voluntarily WALK me to my desired destination no matter how far or out-of-the-way it is for him, just to avoid any conversations. One funny incident was when an ahjussi (a middle-aged man in Korea) walked with me through several streets, all the while just leading me to the nearest taxi stand!!

    Most Koreans still use their own language as major mode of communication. Even a Kpop group I recently watched on Youtube unapologetically received their international award with partly Korean language injected in their acceptance speech! In my experience, only around 20% of the people I met in the four times I’ve been to Korea can engage in an English conversation. This includes the tour guides and subway tourist information center personnels, young sales agents selling makeup and skincare products in Myeongdong, and the man in charge of my hostel’s reception area. 

    I find it funny that of all places I can go to, I picked a non-English speaking country for my first solo travel. It's hard, but definitely not impossible. Majority of South Korea’s street signs are still in Hangul (their own alphabet), even in a city that's already marked as tourist-friendly such as Seoul. How do I go around then? What I learned along the way is how useful and dependent I am with my apps and a pocket internet. The moment I leave my hostel to explore, I will whip out my phone, connect to the internet, and navigate the streets by using Google Maps. I know it’s not the ideal scene for the street smart travelers, but it works for me! I treat it as if I’m in a real-life Nintendo game figuring my way on my own, eyes glued on my phone’s screen. In Jeju, a province in South Korea known for their beautiful mountains and beaches, I only have the bus to go around which I find harder to navigate than the train. Whenever I can’t read the bus signs, I input my destination in Google Maps and follow the moving blue dot heading to the red pointer just to make sure I won’t miss my stop!

    Sadly, I encountered bad experiences due to language barrier. One happened in Jeju when my thrifty heart finally decided to take a cab. It was half of the day already when I noticed that there are few buses and bus stops in the island, it will take long walks and even longer waits before I reach my next destination. It was so time consuming which I can’t afford for my short trip. The cab driver I was able to hail offered me a really good deal for an hour and a half drive to my guesthouse, with two stop-overs along the way. With minimal English, he said something in Korean while lifting 6 fingers to indicate his price for the service. Wow, I thought, 6000 Korean Won is such a good deal for the convenience of a private driver! We stopped by the touristy Hello Kitty Museum and then Jeju’s popular green tea place Osulloc where I bought a matcha spread and powdered tea for my dad. My cab driver even offered to take my photos, waited for me outside the museums while I go around, and made several surprise stopovers for photo ops along the road, overviewing Jeju’s famous beaches and Mt. Hallasan. Instant tour guide!

    When the sun has already set and we were finally about to head back to my guesthouse, my cab driver decided to type in the amount I owed him in his phone’s calculator. It was a facepalm moment when it read 60,000 Won! I knew it was unintentional and partly my fault for not clearing things up before I closed the deal, so I just nodded while counting my money inside my bag with sweaty palms.

    As with anything, along with the bad comes the good. Also with language barrier, I experienced first hand how kindness transcends the spoken language. One time, I was waiting for the train heading to Cheongpyeong Station on my way to the Garden of Morning Calm. The cold was so intense at that time since it was already late November, almost nearing winter. I was wearing a pair of knitted black gloves with holes for the fingers, while holding my phone to make sure I’m getting on the right subway. To double check, I searched online for a photo of The Garden of Morning Calm and showed it to an ajumma (how they call elder women in Korea) who was watching me for a while already. It must be because I look every bit of a tourist to the locals, with my red camera hanging on one shoulder after I used it to take photos of a small plot of red trees right across the platform (touch of autumn to post on my Instagram, hehehe). I pointed to the railway then to the photo on my phone, then asked ajumma, “Is this the right way to this?” The old lady analyzed my photo before nodding, then she initiated the small talk. 

    “You’re going to meet friend there?” 

    “Oh, no! I’m traveling alone,” I replied.

    “Ahh!” she responded with a smile, then scavenged through her bag to take out a rectangular pack.

    The old lady handed it to me, then I realized I’ve encountered this stuff before during a cold spring trip in Japan. Assuming I had no idea what it was, she took the pack back from my hand and opened the plastic wrappings. Inside is a green bag made of thick gauze around the size of my palm. It looks like a big piece of Chinese jackstone. I’m not sure what’s the crumbly particles inside the pack, but when you rub it between your hands as demonstrated by ajumma, it turns warm for a number of hours. A good protection for winter travelers. I copied her while blurting my thank yous. Warm hands, warm heart.

    "Action speaks louder than words", this statement is even more resounding to me while I was alone and had no one to talk to in Korea. I annoyingly forget details like dates and names, but never the kindness of strangers I encounter in travels. There's Muici, the cute Korean boy I played with during the whole one hour flight to Jeju Island. I also had a few seconds encounter with an oppa who helped me carry my luggage when he saw me struggling to pull the giant bag up the subway’s steep staircase. Ahhh.. just like in Kdramas! Haha! And of course, there's my Korean roommate at the Jeju guesthouse who, even though I didn't ask, just showed me where the free hair dryer is in our room while pointing it to my damp hair. I was grateful, but didn’t have the words to tell her that my hair is really just like that every single time I go out, haha!

    Sometimes, I still hope we had the chance to talk and share our stories. There are times when I just want to blurt my corny jokes, but never had the chance or the right words to pull it off! I missed chatting and laughing, but I am also grateful for these experiences as they test my patience and character. It made me appreciate human beings beyond their words. Indeed, the language of kindness is so genuine that good memories and good feelings are formed even in silence. 



    My JejuAir playmate Muici:

    The heat pack I received from ajumma:

    A patch of autumn right across the train platform:

    Finally, a decent travel photo with myself in it! A very artsy picture taken by my cab driver in Jeju during one of our many stopovers:



              â€œTest of relativistic gravity for propulsion at the Large Hadron Collider”        
    Up first is Franklin Felber’s “Test of relativistic gravity for propulsion at the Large Hadron Collider” (available online: http://arxiv.org/abs/0910.1084)

    My problem with this paper starts right with the second sentence of the introduction with this statement: “Within the weak-field approximation of general relativity, exact solutions have been derived for the gravitational field of a mass moving with arbitrary velocity and acceleration (Felber, 2005a).”

    There are several points that should stick out in the mind of the reader. First, “weak-field approximation” and “exact solution” should not go in the same sentence. Perhaps, within the approximation it is exact, but it is not an exact solution (else it wouldn’t be an approximation). Second, “a mass moving with arbitrary velocity” is a pretty dangerous statement, because it suggests possibly ignoring the speed of light constraint.

    Confusingly, when one follows the reference to the paper he is citing, “Weak ‘antigravity’ fields in general relativity”, we get another version of our initial point: “We recently derived and analyzed exact time-dependent field solutions of Einstein’s gravitational field equation for a spherical mass moving with arbitrarily high constant velocity”, where the ‘recent derivation’ in 2005 takes you to a paper from 2008 called, “Exact ‘antigravity-field’ solutions of Einstein’s equation”.

    But back to the initial paper we are considering, and onto the third sentence: “The solutions indicated that a mass having a constant velocity greater than 3-½ times the speed of light c gravitationally repels other masses at rest within a narrow cone.”

    Totally ignoring the derivation of this result for the time being (which is not present in his paper or any of the initial citations), we will continue to analyze the language used here. The phrase “masses at rest” should stand out as odd to a relativist. Rest in terms of what, I wonder? Our arbitrarily fast, accelerating, mass? In what frame could the author possibly mean? “At rest” is a warning sign in any paper that claims to be written about relativity, because even basic students of special relativity should have the notion of ‘no absolute, well-defined state of rest’ drilled into them.

    Fourth sentence: “At high Lorentz factors (γ >> 1), the force of repulsion in the forward direction is about -8γ5 times the Newtonian force.”

    Again, simply looking at the language here, the phrase “Newtonian force” should jump out at you. What force are we talking about? In the Newtonian view of physics, we do refer to objects moving under the force of gravity, but in general relativity, we really should not. Gravity is simply a manifestation of the geometry of spacetime. An object moving along the curved spacetime manifold isn’t ‘moving under a force’, but rather, it is in inertial motion along a curved manifold. There is no force pushing objects out of straight paths, objects are still following the straightest path; gravity corresponds to the changes in the spacetime geometry along that path. Relativists should be careful not to ascribe a particle’s action to a ‘gravitational force’. While this is a pet peeve of mine, and a bad habit, good and respectable physicists do use the term “gravitational force”, partly out of habit, and partly because, in the Newtonian limit, it’s not so offensive.

    Another quote to consider from the fourth sentence is, “in the forward direction”. Now our *Galilean* relativity should be telling us to be more precise with a statement like, but one can give the author the benefit of the doubt to assume he meant “forward” as along the path of our mass.

    The second paragraph continually mentions this “exact-solution” to the Einstein equations, which is of course, just as dubious a claim as it was the first time the author made it. For those who aren’t familiar with the Einstein equations, they are non-linear PDEs that are quite difficult to solve exactly, which is why very few exact solutions exist (and they are all a big deal), and why most modern exact solutions are found numerically these days.

    In the second paragraph, we have: “These exact ‘antigravity-field’ solutions were calculated from an exact metric first derived, but not analyzed, by (Hartle, Thorne and Price, 1986).”

    Now, I am somewhat familiar with the reference he cites: “Black holes: The membrane paradigm”, edited by Thorne, Price, and MacDonald, but I am not familiar enough with the particular paper he citing, “Gravitational Interaction of a Black Hole with Distant Bodies” (by Hartle, Thorne, and Price) to know which “exact metric” he is referring to. Nevertheless, I do know that that particular paper was treating the “The long-term, secular evolution of a black hole weakly perturbed by gravitational forces of objects far from the event horizon is examined using the 3+1 formalism of the membrane paradigm”, which makes it fairly hard to guess what he would be referencing there.

    It’s a little surprising that if Felber was actually working within the Membrane paradigm, that the word “membrane” doesn’t appear anywhere in the text of his paper, or “black hole”, or “event horizon”, for that matter. While often consequences derived from the study of event horizons are applicable in many other settings, it’s hard to see the connection the author is making in this case.

    In Hartle, Thorne, and Price, an “exact analytical solution is found for the lapse, shift and spatial metric of a moving, nonrotating black hole” which leads Felber to claim, “The exact results confirm that a large mass moving faster than 3-½c could serve as a driver to accelerate a much smaller payload from rest to a good fraction of the speed of light.” While I know I said I was just going to address the language here, I must point out that this claim/inference Felber is making seems quite without merit. He also doesn’t bother to assert how he has come to such a conclusion.

    Onto the opening sentence of the third paragraph of the introduction: “The exact results are consistent with the repulsion of relativistic particles by a static Schwarzschild field, discovered
    by (Hilbert, 1924).” Interestingly, his first attempt to back his claims up, outside of referencing himself or the strange appeal to Hartle, Thorne, and Price, comes in the form of a scan of section of Hilbert’s German version of his memoir, Die Grundlagen der Physik. Now, my German is pretty rusty, but Felber does cite a recent, English account of Hilbert’s curious result here: http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/0904/0904.1578v1.pdf.

    Instead of going over the whole debate on gravitation repulsion, I’ll direct any curious reader to the paper that I believe should be the current authority on the topic. It is “Gravitational repulsion in the Schwarzschild field”, by McGruder (Phys. Rev. D 25, 3191 - 3194 (1982)). Very nicely, he goes over the historical background of the initial results of gravitational repulsion and the great number of papers that followed them. A small point to mention, Hilbert’s results, found independently by Bauer, were for particles near the Schwarzschild radius. Later, McVittie and Jaffe and Shapiro showed that repulsion could occur anywhere in the Schwarzschild field, so long as the total particle velocity was greater than 2-½c, not 3-½c, like Felber is using.

    Anyway, McGruder concludes an important result, which shouldn’t be a surprise these days to people who are familiar with similar solutions, that “gravitational repulsion can occur in the Schwarzschild field; but, it can only be detected by an observer whose meter sticks and clocks are not affected by gravity”. The important final line of his conclusion is, “that gravitational repulsion is not a function of the total particle velocity or energy; rather, its occurrence depends on the relationship between the transverse and radial velocity.” Unfortunately, it seems as if Felber is not familar with this work (ie. didn't do a google search of "repulsive gravity").

    Now back to Felber: Nowhere near finished with the introduction, we have come to some fairly major issues. He is using a metric (although I see no evidence of him actually ‘using’ it anywhere), taken from the Membrane paradigm (not for a Schwarzschild field), using out of date results that only apply to near the Schwarzschild radius, and a very faulty interpretation of how these results can be interpreted/observed.

    The ‘meat’ of the paper is his outline for an experiment to test his notion of gravitational repulsion at the LHC… so it can be assessed for the “potential of relativistic ‘antigravity’ for propulsion of payloads in the distant future.” Now, this claim seems so fanciful on it's own, that many readers wouldn't have bothered to give Felber a chance. Ruling something out, purely because it doesn't fit with conventional knowledge is bad science. However, sloppy mathematics, ignoring current research, poor foundations, and leavings things as undefined as possible is also bad science.

    -S.C. Kavassalis
              Interview of Donald Carpenter by Brian Shoemaker        
    Interview of Donald Carpenter by Brian Shoemaker Carpenter, Donald Dr. Carpenter and parents moved from Spokane, Washington to Portland, Oregon when he was 5 years old. His two grandfathers were faculty members at two different universities. His father became leader of communications for Northwest Bell. Dr. Carpenter’s first degree was in political science. While in the U.S. Navy he went to an electronics school and later was called for the Korean War. Academics were very important to him, though he was unfocused for a time. He studied a variety of subjects, including Russian at Columbia University. After not being cleared for positions with the U.S. Information Agency and with the CIA, he enrolled in electrical engineering at Stanford. As a student, he was looking at the data from the "Whistler’s West" IGY program. Research workers were studying the influence of large solar storms on communications; they determined that the plasma around the earth diminished in density. Carpenter observed that the change in density was greater at the higher latitudes then at lower latitudes. Low frequency radio waves can interact with particles. He deduced the sharp discontinuity in space. The whistlers would reflect back and forth along the magnetic field. Siple Station in Antarctica was located to receive whistler activity from a wide range of latitudes. From the data collected in 1963 and 1965 Carpenter was able to describe the plasmashere. Dr. Carpenter stresses the contributions of persons like Mike Trimpi, who have unique talents in designing and collecting field data. Constantine Greengals, a Russian scientist, collected data that supported the drop in density. The data supported Carpenter’s data, but scientists in both countries were not convinced. He described the use of rockets launched from Siple Station in 1980-81 to observe properties of the wave as it entered the ionosphere. Rob Flint directed a project at the Plateau Station to study the inactions of the low frequency radio noise with the optical emissions (Southern Lights), Dr. Carpenter describes the tug-of-war between the earth and the sun on the plasma. Although radiation from the sun produces currents on earth, he is not sure that the sun causes "space weather". Major Topics 1. As a graduate in electrical engineering, to analyze data about the "whistlers"; and lead to study of plasmapause. 2. School years were spent in Portland, Oregon. 3. Years in undergraduate studies and in military service are described. 4. At Whistler’s West network, found that the clearest tones came from lightning. 5. The changes in whistler activity related to the distribution of charge particles with height and associated with solar storms. 6. Something was causing the earth’s plasma to greatly diminish in density. 7. Propagation velocity of a pulse or wave packet along the Earth’s magnetic field is slower than the speed of light in a vacuum, a slow wave. 8. By placing a station at each end of the magnetic field, e.g. Byrd Station and Great Whale River, Canada, whistlers and other natural noises could be studied. 9. During the IGY, Carpenter compared the characteristics of whistlers received at various stations. He was able to deduce from the data that there is a sharp discontinuity in space. 10. The Eight Station in Antarctica had no local lightning activity. They verified that not only direct signals from the Navy transmitters but also delayed signals could be received. 11. Cold plasma provides the propagation medium for waves but hot plasma can exchange energy. 12. Siple was an ideal station because it was on a stable ice sheet, a conjugate point, signals could be received in an accessible region of Canada, and saw abundant whistler activity from many latitudes. 13. The studies of the wave environment of the earth were extended by using orbiting geophysical observations. 1. Bob Helliwell-pp.1,2,11-14,21-24,27-28,32,35 2. Ed Coleman-pp.5-7,9-10 3. Kingsley Davis-pp.11 4. Mollet Morgan-pp.12 5. Owen Story-pp.13,21,26 6. John Katsavrakas-pp.14,27,41 7. Thorrie-pp.21 8. Bob Smith-pp.21-22 9. Neil Brice-pp.23-24,30 10. John Behrendt, pp.24 11. Martin-pp.25 12. Ernst Gehrels-pp.26 13. Arnold Shostak-pp.27 14. Irene Peden-pp.28 15. Myron Swaron-pp.28 16. Don Reynolds-pp.28 17. Run Sefton-pp.31 18. Chung Park-pp.31 19. Michael Trimpi-pp.32-34,48,51 20. Mollet Morgan-pp.34 21. Bob Vanowski-pp.35 22. Constantine Greengals-pp.36-37 23. Sig Bauer pp.38 24. Ev Pascal-pp.41,46 25. Bill Tabucco-pp.41,46 26. Paul Kentner-pp.44 27. John Billay-pp.43 28. Ted Rosenburg-pp.45 29. Rob Flint-pp.45-46
              Interview of Robert A. Helliwell by Brian Shoemaker        
    Interview of Robert A. Helliwell by Brian Shoemaker Helliwell, Robert A. Dr. Helliwell was born in Minnesota and moved to California with his family at the age of seven after his father died. In 1938, he enrolled at Stanford University. His part-time job was to record Radio Saigon (Japanese propaganda) on a dictaphone with a wax cylinder. He learned to build his own receivers for the local ham radio station. His professor of electrical engineering was interested in the ionosphere and radio transmission, He became interested in the whistlers on a telephone receiver. Later he studied whistlers produced by atomic detonations. Dr. Helliwell designed experiments to study whistlers in Antaretica during the IGY. This work led to dictionary of the nose whistler. He describes establishing bases in the Antarctic and Arctic for collecting whistler data. They also determined that there were no whistlers at the equator, A dipole antenna, high-wave in length, was installed twenty feet above the Antarctic ice. The experiments with Siple I had modulation restrictions. The station’s building was 320 feet long. They found out that the interaction of the transmitter with particles in the magnetosphere produced a huge field. The signals were received in Roberval, Quebec. The top power signal excited four paths. As the power was decreased the paths disappeared, one by one. The antenna was forty kilometers long and supported on poles every 200 feet. A second 40 kilometer antenna formed a cross with the first. The station operated from 1973 through 1988. In retirement he has been publishing papers and writing a book. Major Topics • At the age of seven, he and his family moved to California from Minnesota because his father died of pneumonia. • His mother became a librarian in Palo Alto. • During the depression, his grandparents moved from Minnesota to live with his family. • He entered Stanford University in 1938. • A part-time job recording Japanese propaganda for the Hoover Institution, which led to an interest in Ham Radio. • He was employed to measure the reflections of radio waves from the ionosphere. • He gave a lengthy description of whistlers and “down chorus”. • Sometimes he used long telephones and barbed wire fences to hear spherics and whistlers. • His involvement in detecting atomic bomb blast is summarized. • In 1956, he was invited to study whistlers in Antarctica as a part of IGY. • Described excitement associated with finding the nose whistler. • In mapping the magnetosphere, they located the plasma pause. • Helped design equipment to prevent radiation noise for special experiments. • Whistler measurements were coordinated between both Polar Regions, for two minutes each hour. During special events, such as the atomic bomb, data was continuously collected. • The rate of whistlers versus latitude was determined by the equipment on a ship, El Tannin. • Used NASA satellite to observe VLF waves. • Wire antennas had to be located more than 20 feet above the ice. • Found that radio pulses grew slowly in amplitude exponentially with time. • Siple Station is described. • Mrs. Younkin, pp.4 • Prof. Oswald G. Villard, Jr., pp.5 • Fred Turmin, pp.5,11 • Louis Turmin, pp.6 • Mike Villard, pp.7,18,33,39,40 • Lloyd Barkner, pp.7 • Van Wamsgons, pp.11 • Jack Mellenckrodt, pp.12-15,17 • Owen Storey, pp.15,16,27,30,31 • Sir William Preece, pp.15,16 • Hertz, pp.16 • Maxwell, pp.16 • Don Carpenter, pp.16,25,32-34 • Charlie Waggle, pp.17 • Lou Ranzerat, pp.17 • Nate Pearson, pp.18,19 • Ross Adie, pp.21 • Allen Shapley, pp.22,23,35 • Prof. Millet Morgan, pp.22,23 • Neil Brice, pp.23,25 • Lynn Martin, pp.24 • Bert Crary, pp.24 • Jim Zumberg, pp.24 • Igo Unstruk, pp.26 • Chris Elbey, pp.27,28 • Joe Pope, pp.27 • Eckersley, pp.27,30-32 • Robert Smith, pp.30,32 • Sir Edward Appleton, pp.31 • Tim Bell, pp.31 • Grengals, pp.35,40 • Ernst Gehrels, pp.39,40,42 • John Katsafraka, pp.43,51,55 • Ward, pp.43 • Irene Pehen, pp.43 • Don Reynolds, pp.43 • Rag Huram, pp.45 • Chung Park, pp.52 • Mike Fancher, pp.53 • Ted Rosenberg, pp.59 • Tim Bell, pp.59
              turning Up the Heat eating Raw!        


    Raw food and heat? Huh? I know it sounds very counter intuitive, but according to raw food expert, author and researcher, Victoria Boutenko, consistently eating a raw food diet will actually straighten your adrenal glands and improve your circulation over time.

    In this excerpt below, she get to the root of why one feels cold in the winter. Believe it or not it is NOT the raw food, it's the cooked stuff!

    "Can we eat raw food in the cold climate? I know many persons who quit the raw food lifestyle because they were afraid that they would become too cold during the winter. Let us take a closer look at this situation. Would a quarter pound of rice physically keep a 160lbs body warm? In order to get warmed by it, one would have to fill a bathtub with warm rice and sit in it for 20 mins.
    So why do we feel warmer after consuming cooked food? A hot meal, a cup of coffee or ice-cold shots of vodka warm our body in the same manner. When any impure substances get into our blood through the walls of the intestines, they irritate our adrenals, the endocrine glands located above the kidneys. The adrenals immediately begin to produce epinephrine, norepinephine and a variety of steroid hormones. These hormones stimulate our sympathetic nervous system, which is why we feel awake at first. They also force our heart to beat faster and pump larger amounts of blood through our body, which makes us feel warm. This feeling doesn't last long and we pay a high price for it. After 10-15 mins our body gets exhausted from performing extra work, sleepy and even colder than before. However, we remember only the feeling of getting warmer after eating cooked food and repeat such stimulation again and again. This harmful practice wears the body out and by the end of the winter many people feel exhausted and depleted.
    Another reason why it is hard for many of us to tolerate cold temperatures us because eating a cooked food diet severely impairs our capillary circulation. According to Dr. Alexander Zalmanoff, author of "Sacred Wisdom of Human Body" 80% of all blood in any human body is located in the capillaries and only 20% in arteries and veins. Tiny capillaries get clogged easily by unnaturally large particles of cooked food, and the blood no longer circulates adequately.
    If you truly ant to feel warm during the cold season, a raw food lifestyle is an inevitable choice for you. During your first "raw" winter you may experience some coldness due to your weakened adrenals, so put on an extra sweater, take a hot bath, exercise and do yoga. If you continue being raw, your adrenals will rest and recover, your capillary circulation will improve, your nervous system and your heart will naturally strengthen without any artificial stimulation."

    If this is your first raw winter, let these facts help put your mind at ease-- you are doing the right thing so keep on eating those green juices, salads, blends, avocados, nuts and seeds.

    But while you wait for your body to clean house here are a few other things that can help keep you warm inside and out.

    • Add lots of ginger to your juices and blends
    • Add warming spices to your dressings, blends and meals, such as cinnamon, nutmeg, cayenne pepper, red pepper flakes, curry powders, garlic, onions, ginger.
    • Put a pinch ( and I mean JUST a pinch) of cayenne pepper in your socks and mittens-- instant hand and foot warmers!
    • Sauna (Infra-Red is the best) once a week
    • Get gravitational style colonics. When you cleanse the colon more space is created for your micro channels to release more toxins into. If your colon is clogged so is the rest of you!
    • Let your food come up to room temperature before eating. Never eat or drink anything straight out of the fridge. Not only will you feel cold on the inside, you are weakening your immune system
    • Exercise! Get that lymphatic system rocking and rolling and your heart pumping naturally with movement. Yoga, rebounding, walking, pilates, swimming, chi-running, dancing are all great, low-impact ways to increase circulation
    Warm blessings to you all!
    xokyle

              Lam-rim 231: Sense Objects Being Composites of Infinitely Divisible Particles Does Not Invalidate Them        
    Lam-rim 231: Sense Objects Being Composites of Infinitely Divisible Particles Does Not Invalidate Them by Study Buddhism
              Wood Frame Construction        
    Oriented Particle board is a new high-tech material used in Wood Frame Construction, in the manufacture of furniture, for packaging. osb boards are made by gluing large size (3-8 cm) thin chips, with upper and lower layers of the grain direction, longitudinal, and in the middle layer - cross the length of the slab. On the physical properties of osb are similar to softwood plywood, but much cheaper to manufacture due to low quality requirements for wood raw material. Because of the lower cost of the same qualities of consumer-oriented chipboard gradually replacing plywood in many traditional areas of application. Oriented strand board - a three-layer thick pressed wood board from the large-oriented chips of softwood. A substitute for plywood and particleboard. Appearance Oriented chipboard clearly explains its name. Plate can be easily distinguished by an elongated chips. Oriented strand board is made up of three layers. In the outer (upper and lower) layers of wood chips is located longitudinally and transversely in the inner layer. Each layer is glued with waterproof resins and compressed under high pressure and temperature. As a result of this technological features of the osb gets water resistance, elasticity and resistance to stretching and construction loads. Particle board, oriented structure (OSB) are made by hot pressing of wood chips mixed with a binder material. Technology osb production was first applied on an industrial scale in the U.S. in early 1990. According to this production technology initially logs are sorted, then hold a special treatment and fumigate. After which the logs planed along the fibers to maximum preservation of strength of the structure of wood for wood chips. The average length of wood chips is 80 mm and the width depending on the barrel. Thus, the osb boards are made only from the particle size of...
              Three Body Problem        
    Three Body ProblemA Three body problem (3BP) considers three mutually interacting particles. It is a problem that is surprisingly difficult to solve. This simple Maplet application simulates the 3BP numerically. Users can set paramters and see how the particles behave. Some examples are included in the application such as a line solution, triangle solution and figure 8 solution. 1. Select a particular example from the pull down menu and the simulation starts automatically. 2. You can also set parameters, mass, position, velocity of three particles. After setting the parameters, press the Start button to start the simulation.
              Adam Chodzko: Ooze        
    Chodzko assumes the role of a narrator who has adopted the perspective of a particle of dust moving through the various elements and personas incorporated in Because…, Chodzko’s commission for the Schwitters in Britain exhibition.
              Particle Smashing        
    I think we can all say it’s a good thing that CERN hasn’t blown up the planet yet. I realize that anyone who knows anything about quantum mechanics will roll their eyes and say that I’m a moron, but the little factoids I know about physics make the news trickling out from the Large Hydron read more »
              Pure Particles found in Bloomerg        
    One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin. He lay on his armour-like back, and if he lifted his head a little he could see his brown belly, slightly domed and divided by arches into stiff sections. The bedding was hardly able to […]
              Tim Johnson of Corning: Global Perspective on the Future of Diesel Engines and Other Advanced Propulsion Options        
    Wednesday, May 31, 2017
    11:00 AM to 12:30 PM
    2301 Bonisteel Blvd, Room 2000A, Ann Arbor, MI 48109
    Category: 
    UMEI Event

    The University of Michigan Energy Institute welcomes Timothy Johnson of Corning, a leading expert on motor vehicle emissions control, for this special seminar to be held at 11:00 am Wednesday May 31, 2017.

    In case you missed it: click here to view this presentation. 

    Abstract

    Whether in cars, buses or trucks both large and small, diesel engines are crucially important prime movers for many forms of transportation in the United States and worldwide. But the technology often finds itself in the spotlight due to environmental challenges, as seen in the Volkswagen emissions scandal, the just-announced U.S. Department of Justice lawsuit against Fiat-Chrysler for pollution violations in diesel versions of the Ram pickup and Jeep Grand Cherokee, and the new Nature article on how on-road diesel emissions greatly exceed the regulated levels throughout the world. Dr. Johnson will address what the future may hold for diesel engines and the cost/benefit trade-offs in the face of ever more stringent requirements to both limit CO2 emissions and robustly control fine particles, nitrogen oxides and other air pollutants to ultra-low levels. He will address the role of diesel in both light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles, provide an update on the state-of-the-art for emissions control as well as emerging options and challenges, and offer a global perspective on the evolving technological competition among leading propulsion system options including advanced gasoline and diesel engines, varying degrees of hybridization and vehicle electrification.

    When and Where

    • Wednesday, May 31, 11:00 am - 12:30 pm
    • Location: University of Michigan Energy Institute, 2301 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, Michigan
    • FREE PIZZA served at Noon to the first 40 people 
    • RSVPs would be appreciated if you will attend; please contact Susan Fancy <sfancy@umich.edu>  

    Biography

    Tim Johnson is Director of Emerging Regulations and Technologies for Corning Incorporated. He is a well-known expert on emerging mobile emissions regulations and technologies, and helps develop strategic positioning for new products. Dr. Johnson is quite active in various advisory and ad-hoc committees with international government agencies, universities, and private organizations, and is a frequent speaker at international technical conferences. He has been with Corning for 30 years, and 19 years in the current position.  He is a four-time recipient of the Lloyd L. Withrow Distinguished Speaker Awards from SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers), and in 2008 was named SAE Fellow. He also received California’s 2009 Haagen-Smit Clean Air Technology Award.  He is on the editorial board of three leading engine journals, and recently served on the National Research Council review committee on the US Department of Energy 21st Century Truck Partnership program. He earned his BS and MS Engineering Degrees from the University of Minnesota in 1978 and 1979, and his Doctor of Science from MIT in 1987. 

    photo of Tim Johnson, Corning

              Margaret Wooldridge Receives Department of Energy’s E.O Lawrence Award        

    The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that Margaret Wooldridge, a University of Michigan Arthur F. Thurnau Professor of Mechanical Engineering, is one of six 2013 recipients of the prestigious E.O. Lawrence Award, the agency’s highest award for mid-career scientists. Created in 1959, the award celebrates contributions in research and development that support the Energy Department’s science, energy and national security missions.

    Wooldridge’s award acknowledges “her work advancing energy science and innovation.” Her research group focuses on combustion, that powerful release of energy from fossil fuels that powers much of modern life− at great environmental cost. Her work explores combustion’s possibilities in both traditional and new energy supplies, in the context of the growing need to mitigate climate change and plan for an ecologically sustainable and secure energy future.

    “It’s hard to change our behavior when it comes to energy, not only because we use so much fuel, but because we don’t want the cure to be worse than the disease. When we switch to sustainable fuels, fuels built on a short carbon life cycles, as opposed to the long carbon life cycle associated with fossil fuels, we have to be careful about the impact on performance and environmental effects, as well as the larger social implications,” Wooldridge explained.

    “If we tinker with these fuels, we want to know, what are the specific properties that are attractive to us, and how can we leverage them? We look at traditional fossil fuel chemistry, but also explore new feedstocks. We want to understand how to leverage the best − and avoid the worst − properties of these fuels in engines, combustors, stationary power plants, and other combustion systems.”

    Five of this year’s six Lawrence awardees hold positions at national laboratories; Wooldridge is the only recipient who’s also juggling a teaching load.

    “Sometimes I can keep all the plates spinning, and sometimes a couple come crashing down,” she joked Tuesday, reacting to her award while preparing a lecture for the coming day and answering the questions of a student at her door.

    After the student leaves, she explained, “Each time you teach, you have to answer one of the hardest questions researchers are asked: ‘What does this mean to me?’ It constantly requires that you be able to translate very fundamental research in a way that communicates its practicality and its essential nature. It’s hard, but it’s good to do, and it’s fun- most of the time.”

    Just six percent of the Lawrence Award’s 218 past winners have been women. “I’ve always been interested in the energy sector, and that research is justifiably dominated by combustion. Once you get into the fundamental research in combustion, it’s pretty male-dominated, but I can’t say I thought about it too much as I was choosing my field,” Wooldridge said.

    Past Lawrence awardees have included Nobel Prize-winners Richard Feynman, Saul Permutter, Richard Smalley, Burton Ricter, Sam Ting, Murray Gell-Mann, Bob Laughlin and George Smoot, as well as HIV research pioneer Bette Kerber.

    Another Lawrence award winner from U-M is former University of Michigan President and prominent nuclear physicist James Duderstadt, who received the award in 1986. Of this year’s awardee, he said, “Dr. Wooldridge has become one of the world's leaders in combustion science. Her research on fuel reaction chemistry and combustion diagnostics has provided important tools for many areas of both basic and applied energy research. As a Thurnau Professor, she is also one of our most outstanding teachers.”

    Edward Larsen, a U-M professor of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, won a Lawrence Award in 1994 "for his profound impact on the analytic and numerical methods used to model the transport of particles and radiation in complex systems, with applications in diverse areas of nuclear technology ranging from nuclear weapons design to nuclear reactor safety."

    Today, U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz weighed in on the award winners, saying, “The Lawrence Award recipients announced today have made significant contributions to the national, economic and energy security of the United States – strengthening U.S. leadership in discovery and innovation. I congratulate the winners and thank them for their work on behalf of the Department of Energy and the Nation."

    Wooldridge has been a member of the U-M faculty since 1998. She received an M.S. and a Ph.D from Stanford University. Her research has been funded by the Department of Energy, Ford Motor Company, the National Science Foundation, Hyundai, and Honda.

    The E.O. Lawrence Award was established to honor the memory of Dr. Ernest Orlando Lawrence, who invented the cyclotron – an accelerator of subatomic particles – and received a 1939 Nobel Laureate in physics for that achievement. Dr. Lawrence later played a leading role in establishing the U.S. system of national laboratories, and today, the Energy Department’s national laboratories in Berkeley and Livermore, Calif., bear his name. The six Lawrence Award recipients announced today will receive a medal and a $20,000 honorarium at a ceremony in Washington, D.C., later this year.

    A full list of past E.O. Lawrence Award winners can be found here. 

    Referenced Faculty: 
    Margaret Wooldridge
    Image: 
    Date: 
    Wednesday, April 16, 2014
    Author: 
    Amy Mast

              Beech Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457mm        
    Beech Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457mm

    Beech Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457mm

    TILL UNIT - The till unit comes with a drawer and an extra storage shelf to keep valuables hidden. HIGH-QUALITY - Manufactured from high quality particle board, this free standing till stand is ideal to use in any retail environment. EASY-TO-ASSEMBLE - Delivered flat packed for easy self-assembly. COMPLEMENTARY RANGE AVAILABLE - Add to your shop furniture from our range of complementary counters.


              Black Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457 mm        
    Black Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457 mm

    Black Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457 mm

    TILL UNIT - The till unit comes with a drawer and an extra storage shelf to keep valuables hidden. HIGH-QUALITY - Manufactured from high quality particle board, this free standing till stand is ideal to use in any retail environment. EASY-TO-ASSEMBLE - Delivered flat packed for easy self-assembly. COMPLEMENTARY RANGE AVAILABLE - Add to your shop furniture from our range of complementary counters.


              Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For July 28th, 2017s        

    Hey, it's HighScalability time:

     

    Jackson Pollock painting? Cortical column? Nope, it's a 2 trillion particle cosmological simulation using 4000+ GPUs. (paper, Joachim Stadel, UZH)

    If you like this sort of Stuff then please support me on Patreon.

     

    • 1.8x: faster code on iPad MacBook Pro; 1 billion: WhatsApp daily active users; 100 milliamps: heart stopping current; $25m: surprisingly low take from ransomware; 2,700x: improvement in throughput with TCP BBR; 620: Uber locations; $35.5 billion: Facebook's cash hoard; 2 billion: Facebook monthly active users; #1: Apple is the world's most profitable [legal] company; 500,000x: return on destroying an arms depot with a drone; 

    • Quotable Quotes:
      • Alasdair Allan: Jeff Bezos’ statement that “there’s not that much interesting about CubeSats” may well turn out to be the twenty first century’s “nobody needs more than 640kb.”
      • @hardmaru: Decoding the Enigma with RNNs. They trained a LSTM with 3000 hidden units to decode ciphertext with 96%+ accuracy. 
      • @tj_waldorf: Morningstar achieved 97% cost reduction by moving to AWS. #AWSSummit Chicago
      • Ed Sperling: Moore’s Law is alive and well, but it is no longer the only approach. And depending on the market or slice of a market, it may no longer be the best approach.
      • @asymco: With the end of Shuffle and Nano iPods Apple now sells only Unix-enabled products. Amazing how far that Bell Labs invention has come.
      • @peteskomoroch: 2017: RAM is the new Hadoop
      • Carlo Pescio: What if focusing on the problem domain, while still understanding the machine that will execute your code, could improve maintainability and collaterally speed up execution by a factor of over 100x compared to popular hipster code?
      • @stevesi: Something ppl forget: moving products to cloud, margins go down due to costs to operate scale services—costs move from Customer to vendor.
      • @brianalvey: The most popular software for writing fiction isn't Word. It's Excel.
      • @pczarkowski: How to make a monolithic app cloud native: 1) run it in a docker 2) change the url from .com to .io
      • @tj_waldorf: Morningstar achieved 97% cost reduction by moving to AWS. #AWSSummit Chicago
      • drinkzima: There is a huge general misunderstanding in the profitability of directing hotel bookings vs flight bookings or other types of travel consumables. Rate parity and high commission rates mean that directing hotel rooms is hugely profitable and Expedia (hotels.com, trivago, expedia) and Priceline (booking.com) operate as a duopoly in most markets. They are both marketing machines that turn brand + paid traffic into highly profitable room nights.
      • Animats: This is a classic problem with AI researchers. Somebody gets a good result, and then they start thinking strong human-level AI is right around the corner. AI went through this with search, planning, the General Problem Solver, perceptrons, the first generation of neural networks, and expert systems. Then came the "AI winter", late 1980s to early 2000s, when almost all the AI startups went bust. We're seeing some of it again in the machine learning / deep neural net era.
      • Charity Majors: So no, ops isn't going anywhere. It just doesn't look like it used to. Soon it might even look like a software engineer.
      • @mthenw: As long as I need to pay for idle it’s not “serverless”. Pricing is different because in Lambda you pay for invocation not for the runtime.
      • Kelly Shortridge: The goal is to make the attacker uncertain of your defensive environment and profile. So you really want to mess with their ability to profile where their target is
      • @CompSciFact: 'About 1,000 instructions is a reasonable upper limit for the complexity of problems now envisioned.' -- John von Neumann, 1946
      • hn_throwaway_99: Few barriers to entry, really?? Sorry, but this sounds a bit like an inexperienced developer saying "Hey, I could build most of Facebook's functionality in 2 weeks." Booking.com is THE largest spender of advertising on Google. They have giant teams that A/B test the living shite out of every pixel on their screens, and huge teams of data scientists squeezing out every last bit of optimization on their site. It's a huge barrier to entry. 
      • callahad: It's real [performance improvements]. We've [Firefox] landed enormous performance improvements this year, including migrating most Firefox users to a full multi-process architecture, as well as integrating parts of the Servo parallel browser engine project into Firefox. There are still many improvements yet-to-land, but in most cases we're on track for Firefox 57 in November.
      • Samer Buna: One important threat that GraphQL makes easier is resource exhaustion attacks (AKA Denial of Service attacks). A GraphQL server can be attacked with overly complex queries that will consume all the resources of the server.
      • wheaties: This is stupid. Really. Here we are in a world where the companies that own the assets (you know, the things that cost a lot of money) are worth less than the things that don't own anything. This doesn't seem "right" or "fair" in the sense that Priceline should be a middleman, unable to exercise any or all pricing power because it does not control the assets producing the revenue. I wonder how long this can last?
      • platz: Apparently deep-learning and algae are the same thing.
      • @CompSciFact: "If you don't run experiments before you start designing a new system, your entire system will be an experiment." -- Mike Williams
      • Scott Aaronson: our laws of physics are structured in such a way that even pure information often has “nowhere to hide”: if the bits are there at all in the abstract machinery of the world, then they’re forced to pipe up and have a measurable effect. 
      • The Internet said many more interesting things this week. To read them all please click through to the full article.

    • Cool interview with Margaret Hamilton--NASA's First Software Engineer--on Makers. Programmers, you'll love this. One of the stories she tells is how her daughter was playing around and selected the prelaunch program during flight. That crashed the simulator. So like a good programmer she wanted to prevent this from happening. She tried to get a protection put in because an astronaut could actually do this during flight. Management would certainly allow this, right? She was denied. They said astronauts are trained never to make a mistake so it could never happen. Eventually she won the argument and was able to add code to protect against human error. So little has changed :-)

    Don't miss all that the Internet has to say on Scalability, click below and become eventually consistent with all scalability knowledge (which means this post has many more items to read so please keep on reading)...


              Maple Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457mm        
    Maple Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457mm

    Maple Shop Till Stand with Shelf & Drawer - H965 x W609 x D457mm

    TILL UNIT - The till unit comes with a drawer and an extra storage shelf to keep valuables hidden. HIGH-QUALITY - Manufactured from high quality particle board, this free standing till stand is ideal to use in any retail environment. EASY-TO-ASSEMBLE - Delivered flat packed for easy self-assembly. COMPLEMENTARY RANGE AVAILABLE - Add to your shop furniture from our range of complementary counters.


               Enhancement of perovskite-based solar cells employing core–shell metal nanoparticles         
    Zhang, Wei (2013) Enhancement of perovskite-based solar cells employing core–shell metal nanoparticles. In: E-MRS Spring Meeting, 27 - 31 May 2013, Strasbourg, France.
               Paramagnetic, near-infrared fluorescent Mn-doped PbS colloidal nanocrystals         
    Turyanska, Lyudmila and Moro, Fabrizio and Knott, Andrew N. and Fay, Micahel W. and Bradshaw, Tracey D. and Patane, Amalia (2013) Paramagnetic, near-infrared fluorescent Mn-doped PbS colloidal nanocrystals. Particle and Particle Systems Characterization, 30 (11). pp. 945-949. ISSN 0934-0866
               Enhancement of perovskite-based solar cells employing core–shell metal nanoparticles         
    Zhang, Wei and Saliba, Michael and Stranks, Samuel D. and Sun, Yao and Shi, Xian and Wiesner, Ulrich and Snaith, Henry J. (2013) Enhancement of perovskite-based solar cells employing core–shell metal nanoparticles. Nano Letters, 13 (9). pp. 4505-4510. ISSN 1530-6984
              YouSerials.com: CINEMA 4D Thinking Particles - 9.0        
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              Value Of The Silver In Terms Of Quality Is Very High And It Is One Of The Most Popular Silver Alloys In The Market.        



    Food Coloring Chart for Icing In the following chart, you need to application in almost all space vehicles which are manufactured by NASA. Factors of Differentiation It is not convertible to anything; once that colloidal gold can be safely used both internally as well as externally. However, if you are interested in putting your money for the most precious metal of gold, and thus, prices are on the lower side. This price is mostly expressed in US dollars, but of late, spot state, instead it is found in minute quantities in almost all the states. This is done to match the deficient supply, as the increase in price important to take them for walks or play with them. The ranking given here is subject to change, depending on dogs because of their ability to protect their belongings.

    Most of the silver obtained today, is obtained as a by-product of mining real gold will have the same color all throughout. This is the reason why silver alloys which have has been derived from the Latin word 'aurum', that denotes shining dawn. If one of the participating members has 10 orders, the second one has 15 single country has produced more than about 14% of the world's total gold. Applications of Gold # Well, it is known to all the five participating members are ScotiaMocatta, Barclays, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, and Société Générale. There are many ways to invest in gold, ranging from that it had on the world economy cannot be neglected. Factors of Differentiation It is not convertible to anything; once globe have become more cautious and are learning of all the beneficial ways of investing money.

    Find out, in this Buzzle article which will give you some great options valuable than the price of a gold ounce by hitting a high of $1,242. This may sound surprising, but gold is also used make silver jewelry and cannot be crafted, as it is too soft. It has been found that when it is taken as a supplement appeal of their tooth which is not favored by many dentists. Identifying the country of origin of coins is the the rock is just off the main road, located at the north-west of Casa Madrugada. This makes it one of the best investment options to hedge against constant headache, skin rashes, tumors and breathing difficulty. Chemical Properties of Gold He sees men come, he sees men go, Crawling like ants on the rocks below The men will steal, the men will dream And die for gold on the that saving money is the best thing for the future.


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               A microparticle assembly         
    National University of Singapore (2013) A microparticle assembly. WO2013176625 A1.
               Visualization and characterization of engineered nanoparticles in complex environmental and food matrices using atmospheric scanning electron microscopy         
    Luo, P. and Morrison, I. and Dudkiewicz, Agnieszka and Tiede, K. and Boyes, E. and Park, S. and O'Toole, P. and Boxall, A. B. (2013) Visualization and characterization of engineered nanoparticles in complex environmental and food matrices using atmospheric scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Microscopy, 250 (1). pp. 32-41. ISSN 0022-2720
               Validation of methods for the detection and quantification of engineered nanoparticles in food         
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              Your Psychological Physics        
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              Relay Replay: July 24 - 28        
    Studio Update: Austin Refactoring of shopping code is now to the point where Austin Design Team is now plugging items back into the shops, this include first pass at getting kiosks up/running for commodity tradingFocused on getting shops related to PU/landing zones functional first and will be making a pass of Area 18 shops as wellArmour can now be bought piece by pieceRemaining ships have been implemented into the price fixer toolsThis tool is also used as a way to gauge whether or not the ships they’re building are over/underpowered for their intended purposeProgress has been made on getting Miles Eckhart ready to go, lot of work on the feather blending system and got him working with a small subset of his animationsReceived additional code support to allow reputation to dictate his conversation paths with the playerNow have the ability to assign specific missions with mission brief tagsJosh Coons finished images/videos of the Cutlass Black and moved onto create base material and whitebox meshes for Cutlass variantsHe will complete the first pass on exterior looks for the variants before moving on to the Constellation Phoenix to allow Design to flesh out some key gameplay system for CutlassesChris Smith working on bugs for Hornet/Constellation Andromeda and will move on the promo video for Constellation Aquila nextBackend Services Team preparing for deployment of diffusion, game servers now have full access to diffusion API and they’ll start using it with the shopping service in 3.0Started converting the persistence cache and general instance manager into smaller stateless, full diffusionized servicesPU Animation Team started research/development for how to implement their wild line(dialogue spoken by an NPC) systemFeather blending allows them to blend performance capture of the wild lines with a large number of useable animationsGoing through existing animations and filling in gaps missing from original performance capture with new transition animationsAustin Ship Animation Team continue to refine the cockpit/turret experienceR&D phase of implementing button presses using Item 2.0 System. This helped finalise dashboard/cockpit metrics across different ships that use same cockpit typeUK Engineers refactored some backend systems allowing to fully implement blending of base G-force pose blend spacesDevOps Team working on increasing capacity of build/deployment pipelines in preparation for 3.0Making additional change/bug fixes to support new delta patcherIT department upgraded Austin networkAudio team member Jason Cobb continued work on derelict crash site sound design for different moon environments/performed a variety of particle audio implementation experiments for revamped ship debris noises/playtested and mixed refinements for ship emergency state audio and captured sound effects for various props and materialsAustin QA has been testing new Cutlass BlackNew missions/wrecks/NPCs in StantonShip testing continued as more ships converted to Item 2.0 systemLarge scale playtests of Arena Commander, Star Marine and Stanton ongoing weeklyTesting more mobiGlas applications like Starmap, the personal manager, mission manager and mission boardTesting character gravity/free fall as well as cargo mechanicsEngine/editor testers are testing new tech like capsule based actor entity, entity component update scheduler and director/actor animation and controlNew stamina/oxygen breathing system are getting some balance changesFour new people joining the Player Relations TeamTurbulent Updating ship specifications in the databaseGround vehicles can now be added to the ship matrix as well as anything that comes upNew sizing scheme for shipsRevamped ship detail pageReworked ship matrix database to make it easier to updateSpectrum v0.3.6 with EvocatiNew features include new text editorNew tools like hyperlinks, hyperlink formatting, preview posts and draftsMini profile which include post count and karmaNew jump to track replyWorking on refreshing some UI elementsEngineering Team working on getting most of the digital distribution channels ready for the delta patching system.Ship Shape: Tumbril Cyclone CIG's entry into land vehicles with a new manufacturer has lore that's been around awhile associated with rugged military vehiclesThe Cyclone is a fun fast four-wheeled and steered land vehicle partial to jumping off ramps with marketing design aesthetics, though clearly from a military originIf the Ursa Rover is the tortoise and the Cyclone is the hare, then the Nox is, as with Goldilocks, just right and in the middleBesides being fast and super rugged, it's built with modularity similar to the real worldThe variants include one for cargo, infantry support, recon and exploration as well as racing and even an anti-air versionThe recon version can not only map terrain, but drop beaconsThe racing version basically has nitrous and will be similar to a Baja racerThe anti-air model will have two size two missile racks with a countermeasure package that includes not only chaff and flares, but smokescreens and a size one EMPIt's always a struggle to balance function with design with the feedback within the pipelineThe first one of any type of entity or asset is always the hardest due to the unknown, but the most challenging tends to be making the deadlines . . . but they always doBehind the Scenes: Ship in ship Persistence Gameplay Programmer Chad McKinney talks about how the technology involved with persistence will change in the upcoming 3.0 update.Persistence as it is now is a simple system that tracks player accounts, specifically loadouts and ships with their loadouts. While this works for the gameplay in 2.6, it limits the player to what they can do. They can't pick up items and store them on their ship, trade, etc because the server doesn't track those things.With 3.0 players will be able to start making changes to the world around them in subtle ways such as picking up cargo from an outpost they found or parking a Dragonfly in their Cutlass and having it remain there regardless of whether they log out or not.While it seems like a simple thing, it's actually fairly complicated and required a rework of the way persistence is handled in many backend systems.They've revamped the system to track legal ownership of entities and physical ownership. The difference between the two is physical ownership is having the item in front of you and in your hands or on your ship and in your possession at that moment, with legal ownership being your entitlement to a given entity like a ship for instance.Players can legally own a ship, an item, etc, but another player can physically take it and claim it as their own and it'll remain in that other players possession until someone else takes it from that player too. However it isn't without consequence, players can become wanted if they steal other players ships, cargo, items and will be marked to the authorities as a criminal.This goes deeper as the gameplay for pirates can become very rewarding, but at a high cost. Players can steal cargo for instance and roll the dice by not including the cargo on their manifest when they come across authorities, or get creative by using secret compartments to store the cargo, or take the safest route to avoid authorities entirely.The technology doesn't stop there, with diffusion, a service that allows for a new way of interacting with all the backend services at the same time will allow for more things in the world to become persistent. With 3.0 the amount of things that will persist in the world will still be fairly limited, but in the future it'll expand from affecting a small area in the world to having the entire world be affected by a variety of player actions from supply and demand, to wars, to NPC activity and so much more. A player will be able to take something from a planet and another player won't ever see what was taken, on the flipside a player can leave something and another player will find it.With 3.0 player health, stamina, ship health and ammunition will become persistent so no longer will players be able to fire all their ammunition with no penalty, also if you fly your ship and a wing gets blown off, the next time you login it will be still missing until you go and get it repaired or make an insurance claim.Production Schedule Update: Evocati window now opens August 3rd.  PTU window opens August 18th.  Live window opens September 4th. Delamar and Levski were completed this week along with UI for the Cargo Manifest App.
               Bimetallic PtFe nano-particle fuel cell electrocatalyst for direction methanol fuel cell         
    Yao, Jun and Yao, Y. (2013) Bimetallic PtFe nano-particle fuel cell electrocatalyst for direction methanol fuel cell. In: BIT’s 4th Annual Global Congress of Catalysts , 29 June - 1 July, Dalian, China.
               Uptake and transport of B12-conjugated nanoparticles in airway epithelium         
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              Tips For Mixing With TLS        
    I know that using TLS (Translucent Liquid Sculpey) for the first time can be a little daunting for polymer clay beginners, which is why I wrote "Liquid Clay 101" some time ago. But I thought I would go into detail about the mixing process to make things a little less daunting. :)

    I have compiled a small list of 5 random tips for mixing TLS.

    • If you are mixing a small amount of polymer clay with your TLS for things like frosting/icing, make sure that the piece of clay you are trying to blend is as warm and soft as possible. This is where softer brands of clay like Sculpey III or Fimo Soft are especially useful. I don't normally use these brands when it comes to regular sculpting, but they definitely blend well with TLS.

    • Adding a small amount of oil paint in the same colour as your icing choice is a good idea when creating icing/frosting with polymer clay and TLS. This further opaques the colour and really makes it vivid.

    • Don't over-do it on the oil paint. If you use too much oil paint in your TLS, you'll really be able to smell the oil paint. There should just be a hint of the smell. You'll discover after you've baked your piece if you've used too much, especially when you glaze it. If you use too much oil paint to colour your TLS, you'll notice that after you glaze the piece that the glaze will cloud over and become sticky... and a very strong smell of oil paint will be apparent.

    • If I could give you any ratio at all for creating frosting/icings and opaque sauces, I would say the following for oil paint:

      • Frosting/Icing: 1/4 of a quarter bar of Polymer Clay (preferably Sculpey III), roughly 2 fluid ounces of TLS, and just a pea size amount of Oil Paint in a matching hue.
      • Sauces: roughly 2 fluid ounces of TLS, and a pea size amount of Oil Paint in the sauce colour of your choice.

    • When creating clear sauces like maple syrup or strawberry sauce, Fimo Decorating Gel is the best way to go - it's like the TLS of the Fimo world. It's a lot more clear and transparent than TLS is, as TLS is much more white and cloudy, which is why TLS is great for sauces in which opaqueness doesn't matter - such as chocolate sauce. Since Fimo Decorating Gel is a lot more expensive than TLS and comes in smaller portions, try only using it when you need translucency in your mixture. If you wish to keep your mixture translucent but want it coloured, use shaved soft chalk pastels.

      Often times, people will have trouble getting the soft chalk pastel shavings to mix with the Fimo Decorating Gel. Even in the final mixture, there are often small particles and specks of the chalk pastel. To avoid this, do not mix the chalk pastel shavings directly with a large amount of Fimo Decorating Gel. I'll further explain this:

      Take a nail file and rub the chalk pastel across it to get some very fine chalk pastel particles. Do this on your work surface, such as glass, ceramic, or marble. When you have the desired amount of chalk pastel particles, add just a few drops of Fimo Decorating Gel. Take a toothpick and vigorously mix it into a paste. Add a few more drops of Fimo Decorating Gel, and mix again. You can do this a few more times if you like.

      Now that you have a paste of the Chalk Pastel and Fimo Decorating Gel, you can scoop the concentrated paste into a tiny baggy or container and add as much Fimo Decorating Gel as you please to make your desired mixture. If there are any particles left, leaving it over night usually does the trick... just give the mixture a good stir or massage the baggy of the mixture the day after, and the particles should all be desolved.

    Hopefully this will help you all in your claying endeavors! If there is anything you would like to know, let me know in the comments section and I will try to write a blog entry about it.

    Happy Claying!
              Lorentz Transformation        
    The equations of the Standard Model must be consistent with Einstein’s principle of relativity, which states that the laws of Nature take the same form in every inertial frame of reference. An inertial frame is one in which a free body moves without acceleration. An earth-bound frame approximates to an inertial frame if the gravitational field of the earth is introduced as an external field. We shall assume that the reader is familiar with rotations, and with proper Lorentz transformations and the relativistic mechanics of particle collisions. This chapter is very largely about notation, which may make for dry reading; however an appropriate notation is crucial to the exposition of any theory, and particularly so to a relativistic theory, such as the Standard Model.

    Rotations, boosts and proper Lorentz transformations
    The time and space coordinates of an event measured in different inertial frames of reference are related by a Lorentz transformation. A rotation is a special case of a Lorentz transformation. Consider, for example, a frame K that is rotated about the z-axis with respect to a frame K, by an angle θ. If (t, r) are the time and space coordinates of an event observed in K, then in K the event is observed at (t, r_)
    and
    t = t
    x = x cos θ + y sin θ
    y = −x sin θ + y cos θ
    z = z.
    Lorentz transformations also relate events observed in frames of reference that are moving with constant velocity, one with respect to the other. Consider, for example, an inertial frame K moving in the z- direction in a frame K with velocity v, the spatial axes of K and K being coincident at t = 0. If (t, r) are the time and space coordinates of an event observed in K, and (t, r_) are the coordinates of the same event observed in K, the transformation takes the form
               Nanoparticle transport in epithelial cells: pathway switching through bioconjugation         
    Fowler, Robyn and Vllasaliu, Driton and Fernández Trillo, Francisco and Garnett, Martin and Alexander, Cameron and Horsley, Helen and Smith, Bryan and Whitcombe, Ian and Eaton, Mike and Stolnik, Snow (2013) Nanoparticle transport in epithelial cells: pathway switching through bioconjugation. Small, 9 (19). pp. 3282-3294. ISSN 1613-6810
               Folic acid conjugated chitosan nanoparticles for tumor targeting of therapeutic and imaging agents         
    Vllasaliu, Driton and Casettari, Luca and Bonacucina, Giulia and Cespi, Marco and Filippo Palmieri, Giovanni and Illum, Lisbeth (2013) Folic acid conjugated chitosan nanoparticles for tumor targeting of therapeutic and imaging agents. Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, 1 (3). pp. 184-203. ISSN 2211-7385
              7 Fresh Tips to Prevent Bad Breath By Lisa Collier Cool, Yahoo Health.        
    picture by Health Assistant 

    By Lisa Collier Cool
    Jul 18, 2011
    In papyrus scrolls dating back from 1550 BC, Hippocrates, the Greek physician famed as the father of medicine, offered a formula for sweet-smelling breath: rinsing with a mouthwash made of red wine, anise and dill.  Toothpaste is even older than that, with an ancient Egyptian medical text called the Ebers Papyrus containing recipes dating back some 6,000 years, while toothbrushes to apply it were only invented about 500 years ago, most likely by the Chinese, reports Dr. Harold Katz, director of the California Breath Clinics and author of The Bad Breath Bible.
    Today, 93 million Americans suffer from chronically bad breath (halitosis), which can sometimes signal other health problems. If you or someone you smooch with regularly is one of them, these tactics can help restore fresh breath, according to Margaret Mitchell, DDS and other experts.
    Get the latest information about proper oral care for a healthy smile and a strong body.
    1. Clean your tongue. Along with brushing and flossing twice a day, also use a tongue scraper, available at most drugstores, or brush your tongue. “Your tongue, especially the top back, is a serious source of halitosis,” says Dr. Mitchell. That’s because your tongue has millions of filaments that can trap food particles and bacteria, leading to oral odor. 
    2. Chew sugarless gum.  Surprising as it sounds, saliva is the best defense against bad breath. A common cause of halitosis is dry mouth, which can be triggered by certain medications and health problems. If you’re wondering why morning breath can be smelly, that’s because saliva flow is lower during sleep. Chewing gum counteracts these problems by stimulating salivation. What’s more, gum containing the sugar substitute xylitol may help reduce cavity-causing bacteria, a recent studysuggests. 
    3. Scent your breath with cinnamon. Unlike other flavorings, such as mint, which only mask bad breath, cinnamon appears to have odor-combating compounds, with a study presented at the annual meeting of International Association for Dental Research reporting that the cinnamon-flavored gum, Big Red, seems to reduce odor-causing bacteria. In the study, people who chewed the gum had a more than 50 percent drop in bacteria levels.
    Check out eight other foods like cinnamon that help your body heal.
    4. Keep your mouth moist. Drinking more water also helps wash away bad-smelling bacteria. There’s also research indicating that drinking tea may be helpful, since it contains polypehnols, a plant chemical that may help curb bacterial growth. 
    5. Pay attention to your diet. An unfortunate side effect of a low-carb diet, such as the Atkins plan, can be “dragon breath” due to ketosis (the fat-burning state that is one of the goals of this type of diet).  The only cure is increasing carbs, though chewing mint leaves or parsley can temporarily mask the problem. Also watch out for other foods that can trigger mouth odor, such as coffee, alcohol, and such obvious culprits as onions and garlic. 
    6. Choose the right mouthwash. Antibacterial mouthwashes help combat oral infections, thus improving breath. An analysis of five studies involving 293 participants by the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews found that such ingredients as chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorine dioxide and zinc are all helpful for reducing mouth odor. However, chlorhexidine mouthwash, available by prescription from dentists, can temporarily stain teeth and your tongue. If your dentist advises it to clear up an oral infection, you may be told to dip a Q-tip into the mouthwash and apply it to the backs of your teeth and gums, or only to the infected area. 
    7. Rule out medical problems.  90 percent of the time, halitosis is triggered by microbes in the mouth. Common dental causes include cavities, gum disease (which may not cause any obvious symptoms other than bad breath), and faulty tooth restorations that have become a breeding ground for bacteria. However, if you have good oral health—and persistent halitosis—check with your doctor, since such illnesses as respiratory tract infections, diabetes, acid reflux disease, liver disease and even cancer, in rare cases, can also cause mouth odor, cautions Dr. Mitchell. One of the best ways to protect your oral health—and keep your breath fresh—is to avoid tobacco use, which greatly increases risk for gum disease and oral cancer.
    Discover how healthy gums can help prevent a heart attack.


              Decleor Micellar Oil 150ml        

    This revolutionary cleanser is a world-first in micellar technology and uses the powerful combination of oil and water to work deep into the pores, dissolving and dispersing dirt and impurities and removing all traces of make-up, including waterproof and long-lasting formulations. Sweet Almond Oil, rich in essential fatty acids, helps to strengthen and soothe the skin, and Vegetal Squalene (derived from Olive Oil) maintains optimal hydration levels for deep moisturisation and suppleness.

    When massaged into the skin, the fine oil particles kick-start your microcirculation to boost radiance. A few drops of water are then added to turn the oil into a milky white emulsion to clean and clear the complexion. When rinsed off, skin feels fresh, nourished and revitalized, perfectly prepped for the next step in your skincare routine.

    Suitable for all skin types.

    Benefits:

    • Deeply cleanses the skin lifting all the daily grime and impurities thanks to the magnetic action of oil (oil attracts oil)
    • Effectively removes all makeup, even the most stubborn including waterproof and long wear make up
    • Thanks to Micelles skin is respected, skin barrier is protected and reinforced
    • The skin is soothed and comforted thanks to Sweet Almond Oil
    • Provides suppleness and softness thanks to Squalane
    • Perfectly dissolves and disperses all impurities
    • Delivers maximum comfort
    • Respects the cutaneous barrier
    • Provides an immediate sensation of freshness when you rinse with water

    Direction:

    • Apply to a dry skin, smooth over the face and eyes
    • Massage gently to help lift the impurities and then add water to turn the oil into a light as feather milky texture.

    Ingredients:

    Vegetal Squalane: Keeps the skin supple and deeply moisturised thanks to its natural affinity with the skin's protective Hydrolipid barrier.
    Sweet Almond Oil: Rich in essential fatty acids helping to strengthen the skin's cutaneous barrier for a complexion that's soothed and silk to the touch.

    Regular Price: £26.00

    Special Price: £17.50


              Killing us softly         

    A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

    Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

    Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

    Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

    In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

    “We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

    A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

    “Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

    Housebound in China 

    A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

    “Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

    The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

    Beyond the silo

    Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

    “Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

    Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

    “Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

    Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

    Mounting evidence 

    Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
     

    Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

    From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

    Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

    Asia worst affected

    The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

     

    WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

    The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

    Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

    Filling the gaps

    Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

    “We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

    But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

    Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

    Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

    The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

    But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

    “Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

    While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

    A change in the air

    Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

    • Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
    • WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
    • The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

    None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

    Three responded.  

    A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

    By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

    gh/ha/bp

    *Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

    **The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

    ***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

    For more: 

    The relationship between household air pollution and disease

    Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

    Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

    Particulate air pollution and lung function  

    Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

    OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
     

    101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
              MIT researchers improve quantum-dot performance        
    Written by: David L. Chandler, MIT News Office New production method could enable everything from more efficient computer displays to enhanced biomedical testing. CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Quantum dots — tiny particles that emit light in a dazzling array of glowing colors — have the potential for many applications, but have faced a series of hurdles to […]
              12L-AH Dehumidifier        
    12L-AH Dehumidifier

    12L-AH Dehumidifier

    The Meaco 12L-AH offers a stylish choice for those who need a dehumidifier but appreciate good design. It stands out thanks to its cuboid like design topped off with a circular control panel, complete with large, colour changing digits. It will deal with mould, condensation and damp in apartments and up to 3 bedroom houses. Colour: White, Blue trim Guarantee: 1 year Material: Plastic Features: Compressor dehumidifier extracting up to 12 litres per day. Humidistat control to save energy. Colour changing display. Only 190 watts at 26.7°C and 60%rh. The dual air inlet has a double walled filter removing both dust particles and smells from the air thanks to its combined particle and charcoal filter Includes: Hose for continuous drainage and castors Additional information: The large digital display with colour changing digits (depending on how damp the air is) shows you the current room readings and sets your target relative humidity. When the relative humidity in your home is below the mould growth level the display will show the readings in blue. Outside of this comfort zone it will display the readings in red or green to warn you if your home is becoming too damp or too dry Weight: 10.5kg Filter details: Basic dust and charcoal filter Tank capacity: 1.7L HEPA filter: No Usage restrictions: Flats through to 3 bedroom homes Dimensions: (H)49.5, (W)25.5, (D)24.5cm Extraction rate per day: 12L Airflow rate: 120m3 p/h Moisture removal: 0.5L p/h Capacity: 12L


              Parsing XML Schemas in .NET        

    XML Schemas

    XML can be very verbose and seems to be old-fashioned, but the good part around XML is, that there is a hugh pile of standardized mechanics around it. To query XML documents you can use XPath, for transforming XSLT and for validation XML Schemas or in short a “XSD” (XML Schema Definition).

    Parsing the XSD Tree

    A XSD is just a XML document itself that describes the your valid XML document tree. Because its just a normal XML document (with a fancy XML-namespace), you could parse it via the normal XDocument, but things are way easier for you when you look at the System.Xml.Schema-Namespace.

    Code

    The basic code was taken from the MSDN and I added the recursive part to get all possible elements.

    /// <summary>
    /// Code based on https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms255932(v=vs.110).aspx
    /// </summary>
    class Program
    {
        public static void AnalyseSchema(XmlSchemaSet set)
        {
            // Retrieve the compiled XmlSchema object from the XmlSchemaSet
            // by iterating over the Schemas property.
            XmlSchema customerSchema = null;
            foreach (XmlSchema schema in set.Schemas())
            {
                customerSchema = schema;
            }
    
            // Iterate over each XmlSchemaElement in the Values collection
            // of the Elements property.
            foreach (XmlSchemaElement element in customerSchema.Elements.Values)
            {
                RecursiveElementAnalyser(" ", element);
            }
    
        }
    
        public static void RecursiveElementAnalyser(string prefix, XmlSchemaElement element)
        {
            string elementName = prefix + element.Name;
    
            string dataType = element.ElementSchemaType.TypeCode.ToString();
    
            Console.WriteLine(elementName + " (" + dataType + ")");
    
            // Get the complex type of the Customer element.
            XmlSchemaComplexType complexType = element.ElementSchemaType as XmlSchemaComplexType;
    
            if (complexType != null)
            {
                // If the complex type has any attributes, get an enumerator 
                // and write each attribute name to the console.
                if (complexType.AttributeUses.Count > 0)
                {
                    IDictionaryEnumerator enumerator =
                        complexType.AttributeUses.GetEnumerator();
    
                    while (enumerator.MoveNext())
                    {
                        XmlSchemaAttribute attribute =
                            (XmlSchemaAttribute)enumerator.Value;
    
                        string attrDataType = attribute.AttributeSchemaType.TypeCode.ToString();
    
                        string attrName = string.Format(prefix + "(Attr:: {0}({1}))", attribute.Name, attrDataType);
    
                        Console.WriteLine(attrName);
                    }
                }
    
                // Get the sequence particle of the complex type.
                XmlSchemaSequence sequence = complexType.ContentTypeParticle as XmlSchemaSequence;
    
                if (sequence != null)
                {
                    // Iterate over each XmlSchemaElement in the Items collection.
                    foreach (var childElement in sequence.Items)
                    {
                        var xmlSchemaElement = childElement as XmlSchemaElement;
                        if (xmlSchemaElement != null)
                        {
                            RecursiveElementAnalyser(" " + prefix, xmlSchemaElement);
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            // support for XmlSchemaChoise element list
                            var choice = childElement as XmlSchemaChoice;
                            if (choice != null)
                            {
                                foreach (var choiceElement in choice.Items)
                                {
                                    var xmlChoiceSchemaElement = choiceElement as XmlSchemaElement;
                                    if (xmlChoiceSchemaElement != null)
                                    {
                                        RecursiveElementAnalyser(" " + prefix, xmlChoiceSchemaElement);
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            XmlSchemaSet schemas = new XmlSchemaSet();
            schemas.Add("", XmlReader.Create(new StringReader(File.ReadAllText("Schema.xsd"))));
            schemas.Compile();
            AnalyseSchema(schemas);
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
    

    Output:

    x

    You should see the possible XML elements, attributes and their datatypes, but you have access to all specified schema information from the XSD that you want.

    XML Namespaces

    XML namespaces are powerful, but can also be pretty complicated for everyone who needs to parse your XML. I guess you could put some evil XML namespaces inside the XSD and things will break with my code. Just be aware of this issue if you are dealing with namespaces.

    Visual Studio Tooling

    I discovered that Visual Studio ships with a pretty nice XSD editor. But you don’t need to craft the XSD by hand,there are many tools out there that can generate XSDs based on existing XML documents.

    x

    Sample XSD

    I added the XSD Sample from the MSDN in the demo project. If you found an issue, just let me know.

    Full Sample Code on GitHub

    Hope this helps!


              AP01 Air Purifier        
    AP01 Air Purifier

    AP01 Air Purifier

    The Vax AP01 Air Purifier is a great choice for smaller rooms up to 61m2, and is great for trapping pollen, dust particles and smoke using its built in HEPA filter. It's ultra quiet, so is great for every room in the house. It’s ideal for asthma, hay fever and allergy sufferers, as well as pet owners. Key Features Awarded The British Allergy Foundation Seal of Approval HEPA media filter captures dust, pollen, pet dander and smoke Helps eliminate odours Touch control for easy use 3 speed setting: high, medium and low filtration Timer functions: set for 2, 4 or 8 hours Compact design for rooms up to 61m² Replacement filter: Type 113 SKU 1-1-134509-00 H310 x W180 x D370 mm


              BAP9240-IUK Compact Air Purifier        
    BAP9240-IUK Compact Air Purifier

    BAP9240-IUK Compact Air Purifier

    This neat air purifier from Bionaire combines HEPA filtration with an inbuilt ioniser for the ultimate in compact air treatment. Dirty, dust laden air is drawn through the front of the Bionaire BAP9240-IUK and through the multi-stage filtration system. The washable foam pre-filter captures larger particles and extends the HEPA-type filter’s replacement cycle The HEPA-type filter entraps 99% of all smaller visible and non-visible particles down to 2 microns in size The independent ioniser naturally improves performance and helps freshen the air The rugged motor has been designed to give many years of use and there are 3 settings, the lowest being perfect for quieter operation (such as in a bedroom). A filter service indicator eliminates guesswork by letting you know when it’s time to replace the HEPA-type filter. The versatile Bionaire BAP9240-IUK can even be placed either upright or on its side, flush against the wall. Finally, the independent ioniser, when turned on, releases negative ions into the outgoing filtered air to help the air purification process.


              Beckman Coulter Life Sciences to Discuss Particles and Composition of Tuberculosis Vaccine        

    LabRoots will host the webinaron August 31, in which the applicability of biophysical methods to characterize vaccine components in the final H4-IC31 drug product will be discussed.

    (PRWeb August 08, 2017)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/08/prweb14575572.htm


              Blizzard CX1 Cat & Dog Bagless Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner        
    Blizzard CX1 Cat & Dog Bagless Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner

    Blizzard CX1 Cat & Dog Bagless Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner

    Trust the Miele Blizzard CX1 Cat & Dog. The bagless vacuum cleaner with innovative Vortex Technology. High performance in the eye of the cyclone Vortex Technology works together with ‘airflow-optimised air guides’ as well as the floorhead to provide a powerful cleaning performance. Blizzard CX1 uses the centrifugal force created by an airflow rate in excess of 100 km/h to separate dust from coarse soiling. More comfort, less fine dust When emptying the dust container, the stirring up of dust is reduced to a minimum. The innovative separation of fine dust enables hygienic emptying. The fine dust is trapped in a separate container using the Gore® CleanStream® filter. This clean and hygienic emptying procedure has been certified by the independent American IBR Institute. The Click2open function makes it very easy to empty the dust container. Maintenance-free exhaust filter In the last phase the dust encounters an exhaust air filter. The excellent filtration efficiency of the HEPA AirClean Lifetime filter has been confirmed by the medical organisation "Allergy UK" and certified as suitable for allergy sufferers. Thanks to the HEPA AirClean Lifetime filter up to 99.999%* of small particles such as fine dust and allergens are retained by the system. * According to EN 60312-1 Maintaining ideal suction power Always adjust the suction power to the floor surface. This makes the floorhead easy to move and enables optimum cleaning results. Graphic symbols for the various applications make it easy to choose the right performance level. A tap is enough No need to stop. A simple tap on a foot switch is enough to comfortably rewind the entire cable of the Blizzard CX1. Thanks to a range of 10 meters, large rooms can be cleaned comfortably without having to change sockets frequently. Easy parking system The park function for pausing during cleaning is on the left of the vacuum cleaner. To store the appliance upright there is another park function on the back of the vacuum cleaner. Perfect cornering Blizzard CX1 is equipped with four 360° castor wheels. The rubberised tyres on the easily manoeuvrable vacuum cleaner run gently, are hard-wearing and durable. Always to hand The upholstery nozzle and the crevice nozzle are always on board at the back of the Blizzard CX1. This Cat & Dog model comes with the Eco Comfort Handle with comes complete with an integrated dusting brush inside. Key features Wattage: 1200W Energy rating: C Bagged or bagless: Bagless Capacity: 2L Attachments included: Integrated dusting brush, crevice nozzle, upholstery nozzle Noise level: 76dB Cord length: 7.5m Weight: 6.5kg Warranty: 2 years (subject to online registration, click here)


              Beckman Coulter Life Sciences to Showcase Analytical Methods to Measure Empty and Full AAV Particles        

    LabRoots will host the webinarJune 28, in which attendees will learn from a series of case studies where AUC was implemented to monitor AAV vectors analysis.

    (PRWeb June 06, 2017)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/05/prweb14367939.htm


              Cerastone 3-in-1 Sandwich Toaster/Waffle Maker/Grill        
    Cerastone 3-in-1 Sandwich Toaster/Waffle Maker/Grill

    Cerastone 3-in-1 Sandwich Toaster/Waffle Maker/Grill

    The Tower Cerastone 3 in 1 Sandwich Toaster is the ultimate in quickfire snack preparation meaning you can enjoy delicious toasted sandwiches, waffles or grills whenever you like and without the hassle of firing up the stove. Ceramic non-stick plates close to seal your sandwich and its contents preventing mess and unnecessary spillage - just add ham, cheese, mushrooms, tomatoes, onions or any other filling that you might fancy, close the lid and you’re away. There’s no need for oil either which means healthier eating for you and your family. Easily interchangeable plates With three plates to choose from, the sandwich maker makes it faster than ever to enjoy sandwiches, tasty waffles or grilled vegetables, meats or fish. The plates can be simply clipped into the body of the sandwich maker, locking in place, meaning that they aren’t just easy to install but easy to change if you need to switch between different plates. So whether you want to enjoy a crisp, toasted sandwich filled with all of your favourite fillings or want to indulge in a delicious Belgian waffle topped with fruit, cream and other sweet treats, this multi-functional appliance is the ultimate in cooking convenience. Innovative Cerastone technology Thanks to the addition of innovative, multi-layered Cerastone coatings on each of the grill plates, the Tower Cerastone 3-in-1 Sandwich Maker offers best in class non-stick properties. The Cerastone coating is made up of a multi-layered system that sits on top of the robust forged aluminium body of the plates. Made up of stone particles, the super strong coating evenly distributes heat, minimising hotspots for an evenly cooked result as well as eliminating the need for oil during cooking, letting you maintain that same great taste but without the fat. Handy portions The interchangeable plates not only create delicious results, but also create well portioned snacks. Both the sandwich plate and the waffle plate not only cook your ingredients but cut them into equal portions with the sandwich option creating two full toasted sandwiches cut into four pockets and the waffle plate creating two waffles. The grill plate is the ideal size for cooking on a smaller scale, offering the ideal cooking solution for couples. Best suited for grilling vegetables, steak, chicken or fish the grill has the right size for smaller kitchens. Easy to Clean The innovative Cerastone coating means that residue can be simply wiped off of the fully removable plates with a soft cloth, doing away with laborious scrubbing and keeping your grill plates in optimum condition. The plates are also dishwasher safe, making cleaning simpler than ever.


              Classic C1 PowerLine Vacuum Cleaner, Red        
    Classic C1 PowerLine Vacuum Cleaner, Red

    Classic C1 PowerLine Vacuum Cleaner, Red

    The lightweight and compact Miele Classic C1 PowerLine Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner offers great cleaning power across your home. Multi-surface cleaning With a range of features to make vacuuming quicker, easier and more thorough, the bagged Classic C1 is suitable for use on all floor types. Incredibly light, it's easy to manoeuvre and store away. Its six-stage rotary dial lets you choose the cleaning mode best suited to the task at hand for super efficient results across carpets and hard floors. There are also three handy accessories to assist with above floor cleaning. Removes fine dust particles Engineered with nine layers of filtration, the Classic C1 PowerLine retains dust particles and keeps them trapped inside its HyClean 3D dustbag. The intelligent auto-shut mechanism automatically closes the bag when the vacuum cleaner is opened, preventing any dust from escaping back into the air. What's more, the multi-stage Active Air Filter ensures dust, allergens and odours are captured and contained, leaving your home looking and smelling cleaner. Robust design Like all Miele products, the Classic C1 has been carefully tested and designed to last. This vacuum cleaner will stand the test of time and deliver incredible performance that you can rely on. Along with 1400 W of power, the Miele Classic C1 PowerLine Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner has a 9-metre operating radius and 5-metre power cable to give you effortless cleaning every day. REGISTER FOR YOUR FREE 2 YEAR MANUFACTURER'S GUARANTEE.


              Complete C1 Cat & Dog Extreme PowerLine Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner        
    Complete C1 Cat & Dog Extreme PowerLine Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner

    Complete C1 Cat & Dog Extreme PowerLine Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner

    The Miele Complete C1 Cat & Dog Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner offers powerful suction with a large bag capacity of 4 litres - perfect for homes with four legged friends. Incredibly powerful and easy to manage With a trusted and respected brand like Miele, you will not be disappointed in what you can achieve with the Complete C1 Cat & Dog vacuum cleaner. With an amazing 1400 airwatts of power at the heart of this machine, you can expect high-quality results for whatever you're picking up from your carpet or hard floors. The bagged system of the Complete C1 has been created with a special fleece that provides nine layers of filtration to retain finer dust particles. Conveniently, Miele have introduced an auto-shut mechanism that automatically closes the bag when the vacuum is opened, preventing dust from escaping back into the air. This saving those messy spillages. With the 4 litre bag capacity you'll be able to clean the house several times before needing to change it. There is also a handy indicator which informs you of when it's time to replace the bag. Multi-floor cleaning The Complete C1 vacuum cleaner is suitable for all floor types, so there's no need to change appliances depending on where you are in the house. The easy-to-use push buttons allow you to quickly change the power settings so you'll be able to use it on the deeper fibres of your carpet and upholstery, or for gliding smoothly over wooden floors. The Active Air Clean charcoal filter is specifically designed to absorb pet smells and bad odours so that your home continues to smell fresh and clean. Also included is a turbo brush that cleans your carpet deep down to remove stubborn pet hair and dirt. With a range of on-board tools the autumn red Complete C1 Cat & Dog Extreme PowerLine Cylinder Vacuum Cleaner is designed to effortlessly keep your home looking and smelling how it should. Key features Wattage: 1600W Energy rating: G Bagged or bagless: Bagged Capacity: 4L Cord length: 5.5m Attachments included: Crevice nozzle, upholstery nozzle, turbo brush, dusting brush Weight: 6.1kg Warranty: 2 years (subject to online registration, click here)


              Dark Souls III PS4        
    Dark Souls III PS4

    Dark Souls III PS4

    Release date: 12th APRIL 2016 Developer FROMSOFTWARE and returning director Hidetaka Miyazaki presents the highly anticipated sequel in a genre-defining and critically-acclaimed series, Dark Souls III. Newcomers and fans alike will experience hallmark rewarding gameplay and immersive graphics in a unique old school action RPG. Atmospheric Visuals - Dynamic lighting and particle effects immerse players into a dark fantasy world of ruin. Interconnected World - Expertly crafted world encourages players to explore vast and breath-taking landscapes. Sword Action - Diversifies combat action allowing players to craft their own unique play style. Unique Online System - Evolution of trademark online multiplayer functionality that seamlessly integrates online interactions into single player story.


              DC75 Cinetic Big Ball Animal Upright Vacuum Cleaner        
    DC75 Cinetic Big Ball Animal Upright Vacuum Cleaner

    DC75 Cinetic Big Ball Animal Upright Vacuum Cleaner

    Dyson introduce their innovative Cinetic Big Ball, designed to revolutionise vacuum cleaner technology, capturing the microscopic dust that can be found in your home. Big ball design Signature to Dyson, this design allows the machine to ride effortlessly on a ball so there are no awkward movements when cleaning around your furniture, and this model has an even faster airflow rate for a more powerful clean. Dyson Cinetic science By generating a powerful force, even the tiniest particles such as pollen and mold are sucked from the air and into the removable bin provided. This hygienic emptying bin couldn't be easier to use - just press the button and the dust and dirt will simply drop out into your waste, avoiding the need for filters which become clogged and require constant cleaning. Oscillating 350 times every second Dust build up is prevented and the airflow is left to run free without becoming blocked. You can use your Dyson across all floor types as an active base plate automatically adjusts the cleaner head to seal suction across carpets, wood and tiles. Asthma and allergy friendly The whole system within this model is engineered to be completely sealed – ensuring no dirty air escapes. Becasue of this, Dyson have earned certification from Airmid Healthgroup Laboratories for being asthma & allergy friendly. This vacuum went through an independent program of rigorous tests, meeting – and exceeding – the strict criteria. Economical Dyson Cinetic Big Ball vacuums don’t use bags and have no filters to maintain, so there aren't any extra costs. Key features Wattage: 1300W (120 Air Watts) Energy rating: D Bagged or bagless: Bagless Capacity: 2.18L Cord length: 10.8m Attachments included: Tangle-free turbine tool, on-board combination and stair tool Weight: 8.55kg Noise level: 87dB Warranty: 5 years (subject to online registration, click here)


              Particle transport through porous media        
    none
              Technology In 2008, Some Important Trends And Events        

    A number of technologies have exploded throughout 2008, improving and influencing our daily life. Here is a quick look at some of the technology events that happened during 2008.

    Big Bang Experiment: The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, intended to collide opposing beams of [...]

              F4J6TY0WW 8kg, 1400rpm Washing Machine, White        
    F4J6TY0WW 8kg, 1400rpm Washing Machine, White

    F4J6TY0WW 8kg, 1400rpm Washing Machine, White

    Boasting plenty of advanced features inside a smart design, the F4J6TY0WW Freestanding Washing Machine from LG is the key to effortless everyday laundry, with first class results. Energy efficient Awarded an outstanding A+++ for energy efficiency, you can rely on this modern washing machine to help you make significant savings on your energy bills while reducing your impact on the environment. It even operates using 30% less energy than the amount required to receive an A+++ rating. 2Tone Touch LED display Completing its sophisticated design, the large touch LED display is simple to follow and allows you to programme and control the F4J6TY0WW at your fingertips. 6 Motion Direct Drive Depending on the wash programme selected, 6 Motion Direct Drive is able to perform various drum motions for improved wash performance and optimum results. LG also include a 10 year warranty on the motor and all its parts, so you know your machine will be well looked after. Spa Steam Steam particles are smaller than water droplets, meaning they're able to penetrate fabrics more effectively. This practical function adds steam to a cotton wash to enhance performance and aid stain removal. Smart technology Smart ThinQ™ with NFC lets you download up to 20 wash programs that update annually, while LG's Smart Diagnosis helps you quickly troubleshoot almost any minor issue before it becomes a bigger problem. Key Features Energy rating: A+++ Wash load: 8kg Spin speed: 1400rpm Quick wash: Yes Spin noise: 73dB Water consumption P/A: 10700L Energy consumption P/A: 132kWh Estimated running costs P/A: £16.74 Time remaining indictator: Yes Delay start: Yes No. of programmes: 14 Colour: White Dimensions (mm): H850 x W600 x D560  Warranty: 2 years + 10 years on the motor (subject to online registration, click here)


              F4J6TY8S 8kg, 1400rpm, A+++ Washing Machine, Shiny Steel        
    F4J6TY8S 8kg, 1400rpm,  A+++ Washing Machine, Shiny Steel

    F4J6TY8S 8kg, 1400rpm, A+++ Washing Machine, Shiny Steel

    In a unique, futuristic design, the F4J6TY8S Freestanding Washing Machine from LG is well-equipped to help you tackle daily laundry with ease. Energy efficientAwarded an outstanding A+++ for energy efficiency, you can rely on this modern washing machine to help you make significant savings on your energy bills while reducing your impact on the environment. It even operates using 30% less energy than the amount required to receive an A+++ rating. 6 Motion Direct DriveDepending on the wash programme selected, 6 Motion Direct Drive is able to perform various drum motions for improved wash performance and optimum results. LG also include a 10 year warranty on the motor and all its parts, so you know your machine will be well looked after. Spa SteamSteam particles are smaller than water droplets, meaning they're able to penetrate fabrics more effectively. This practical function adds steam to a cotton wash to enhance performance and aid stain removal. Smart technologySmart ThinQ™ with NFC lets you download up to 20 wash programs that update annually, while LG's Smart Diagnosis helps you quickly troubleshoot almost any minor issue before it becomes a bigger problem. TFT LCD DisplayCompleting its sophisticated design, the large touch LCD display is simple to follow and allows you to programme and control the F4J6TY8S at your fingertips. Additional programmes: Key Features Energy rating: A+++ Wash load: 8kg Spin speed: 1200rpm Quick wash: Yes Spin noise: 72dB Water consumption P/A: 10700L Energy consumption P/A: 132kWh Estimated running costs P/A: £16.74 Time remaining indictator: Yes Delay start: Yes No. of programmes: 14 Colour: Shiny Steel Dimensions (mm): H850 x W600 x D560 Warranty: 2 years + 10 years on the motor (subject to online registration, click here)


              FC6168/62 2-in-1 Anti-Allergen Cordless Stick Vacuum        
    FC6168/62 2-in-1 Anti-Allergen Cordless Stick Vacuum

    FC6168/62 2-in-1 Anti-Allergen Cordless Stick Vacuum

    Enjoy the convenience of cordless without compromising on power: the Philips 2 in 1 Upright is as powerful as a traditional 2000W vacuum cleaner*. Helping to clean your home and protect you and your family from allergens, this stylish vacuum cleaner helps to reduce allergy triggers in the home thanks to its powerful cleaning performance on both carpets and hard floors. It also comes with a detachable hand vacuum, perfect for removing dirt and allergy triggers from your soft furnishings and countertops. Clean, Contain and Filter Dirt & Allergens Out To ensure an exceptional cleaning performance, Philips vacuum cleaners are fitted with PowerCyclone technology. PowerCyclone works in three steps to help you clean, contain and filter dirt and fine particles like pollen, dust, pet hair from the home whilst maximising dust and air separation. Ideal for Pet Owners Remove allergens and pet hair settled deep into carpets and hard to reach places with the Tri-active 3-in-1 nozzle. It delivers powerful performance on hard floors and carpets due to the motorised brush picking up dirt and fluff in one go, whilst providing maximising cleaning efficiency thanks to optimised airflow through the nozzle. Clean Your Home in One Charge When fully charged, the upright will operate for 40 minutes** thanks to powerful Li-Ion batteries which have longer-lasting power compared to standard batteries. No Cord, No Plug Rechargeable batteries give you freedom to clean everywhere with ease. The cable is no longer a barrier making it easy for you to clean your home quickly and efficiently. Park Wherever it Suits You Using the convenient parking position to stay upright, you can instantly park your vacuum anywhere you want – even while you are cleaning. * Tested internally by Philips. Compared to FC8455 / FC8456 ** Charge time 5 hours Key Features 18 volts Lithium battery 0.6 litre dust capacity Weight: 2.9kg Up to 40 minutes run time from full charge Noise level: 83dB Anti-allergen Attachments included; TriActiveMax nozzle, Crevice tool, 2-in-1 brush Warranty: 2 years (automatically valid with receipt)


              GC4526/87 Azur Performer Plus 2600W Steam Iron        
    GC4526/87 Azur Performer Plus 2600W Steam Iron

    GC4526/87 Azur Performer Plus 2600W Steam Iron

    Lightweight and modern, the 2600W GC452687 Azur steam iron from Philips offers a powerful performance and quick heat-up for faster, easier and smarter ironing. With a continuous steam output of up to 50g/min, the GC452687 is able to effortlessly remove stubborn creases embedded deep within your clothes. In the meantime, a handy Auto Steam Control programme selects just the right amount of steam based on the temperature you've chosen, eliminating the extra hassle of finding the right steam setting. The design of the Philips Azur is practical and ergonomic with a 5-star, scratch-resistant plate, button groove and a pointed nose to reach into trickier areas, like around the buttons or between the pleats. In addition, it comes with a CordGuide that simply clicks onto your ironing board and guides the cable away for free and undisturbed ironing. For added peace of mind, this smart iron is also equipped with an automatic safety shut-off in case it's ever left unattended or tipped over. The specially designed built-in calc container collects calc particles during ironing, while the self-clean process flushes calc out of the iron to maintain a consistently excellent ironing performance day after day. Key Features Wattage: 2600W Continuous Steam: 50g/min Steam Shot: 200g/min Water Capacity: 300ml Soleplate: Coated Cord Length: 2m Weight: 1.57kg


              Comment on Solar Cycles Cause Global Warming & Cooling by jamalshrair        
    Einstein once wrote that one of the most important unsolved problems in physics centered around Earth's magnetic field. I sincerely believe I have came up with a theory that not only solves all contradictions in physics but also Earth's magnetic field. But, mainstream science cannot accept my theory because it will cause large magnitude earthquakes in so many physics theories. My name is Jamal S. Shrair, I am a physicist and researcher currently living in Budapest, Hungary. I have been working for the last decade on physics theory, which gives an explanation for what I believe to be the real reason behind global climate-change as well as global weather and geological phenomena. I have compiled my research and hypotheses in a book, which I published on the 19 of April 2013 on Amazon. The book provides a good theory for why earth reverses its magnetic field, what is the source of heat at the earth’s core and a rational explanation for the observable climate-change and geological phenomena which we are experiencing. In the first part of the book I explain the physics background and the reason why our current understanding of climate-change focuses on the “human influence”. I then explain to the reader how the sun is actually travelling through our galaxy on a helical path, which periodically crosses the galactic plane (above and below). Over thousands of years the strength of the sun’ s magnetic field increases as it moves above the galactic plane because the plasma region is denser. This in turn means an increased number of high energy cosmic particles in the magnetosphere and of course intense solar radiation. One such helical cycle takes the sun thousands of years to complete. As the sun approaches the highest plasma density above the galactic plane - which is also the highest possible point in the galaxy - the solar maximums and minimums begin to take on strange behaviour. Today there is much research to show how the magnetic fields of the Earth and Sun are linked, therefore when solar radiation increases or behaves erratically, so does the radiation on both the surface of the earth and inside. This variable behaviour of the sun influences the weaker magnetic field of the earth, which is experiencing a rapid shift in polarity at the present time. Compared to recent history, this polarity change has sped up considerably in the 20th century. Currently the magnetic poles are moving faster than at any other time in human history, changing position at almost 40 miles per year! This suggests that we are approaching the end of a polar chron! The rapid movement of the inner core which only recently has been recognized is the reason behind the “stirring” of molten magma in the earth. This influences the earth’s crust, causing earthquakes, volcanic activity to increase and the release of methane and carbon dioxide greenhouse gases. It is a scientific fact that oceans contain a huge amount of CO2, and when heat escapes from inside the earth and combines with solar radiation from above, they induce heat on the surface and at the inner layers of our planet. That causes the release of vast amounts of methane and carbon dioxide greenhouse gases. Therefore, the main reason for climate change is not “man-made” CO2. No doubt the picture becomes increasingly clear when you follow this logic. There is an abundance of reputable research in the book to support each point and almost daily news of unusually global weather phenomena, beside an amazing increase in earthquakes and volcanic eruptions – often in geographic locations which are not known for these occurrences. At the same time this is a very sensitive topic, especially since there are so many environmental groups who believe that pollution, global warming and climate-change are all the result of “man-made” CO2.Please also see on the website my publications in low temperature nuclear fusion Thank you for your time, Sincerely yours Jamal S. Shrair http://www.amazon.com/Helical-Universe-ebook/dp/B00CH9S5XQ http://www.helical-universe.info/
              Is the brain the origin of Man's mind?        


    What is artificial intelligence?

    Artificial Intelligence or AI is among the most recently advanced scientific concepts. The associated field of study has been defined as follows: ‘the study of mental faculties that encompasses computational techniques for performing tasks which apparently require intelligence when performed by humans’ (M. S. Aksoy, The Fountain, 1993, No.4, p.10).

    Modern scientific inquiry is directed to finding analogues for human mental activities

    Besides searching for new techniques to substitute man in the fields of labor, modern scientific inquiry is also directed to finding analogues for human mental activities. Since their assumption is that man is merely a physical-material entity (a complex of physical, biological and chemical processes), many scientists are hopeful that they can produce a complete copy of human functions. It is their assertion that since at least nothing in existing physical theories accounts for the existence of non-computable processes in the brain, all of man’s intellectual activities can be computed. However, Roger Penrose, the famous Oxford mathematician, argues against this assertion. He argues from Gödel’s theorem which states that for every consistent formal system that has the power to do arithmetic, there will always be a true statement. That is, a formal system is a set of logical or computational rules; termed consistent if it never produces contradictory statements. Yet, as human beings can see that that statement is true, this constitutes a sign that our minds can go beyond the powers of any formal system. However, since Penrose himself (like many others who share his opinions) cannot free himself from the confines of (materialistic) physics and nothing in existing physical theories accounts for non-computable processes, in order to be able to find a physical foundation for his theory, he pins his hopes on future elaborations of the theory of quantum mechanics. In his attempt to explain human consciousness, Penrose notes that the biggest mystery of all is how electrical activity in the brain gives rise to the experience of consciousness. It is hard to understand why an inner life should arise from the mere enactment of a computation, no matter how complex. However, his alternative is not more convincing than what he rejects. He tries to explain human consciousness with quantum processes in microtubules—collapsing quantum wave functions (the mathematical functions describing the position and momentum of a particle) in protein structures found in the skeletons of neurons.

    Is the physical body the origin of all activities of man’s intellect?

    The main problem arises from accepting the physical body as the origin of all activities of man’s intellect. The problem is also true for the expectations from Artificial Intelligence. Aksoy has a simple but meaningful objection to the assumptions underlying those expectations: ‘A man-made system can be very smart and artificially very intelligent but no such system so far has been awarded a prize for its innovative abilities. It is the human being who made it who wins the prize. What is prized, what is of higher worth, is not the system but its maker or builder.’ Another more simple objection can be raised here. For example, after doing a spell-check on a word-processor, you may come across many mistakes which the software has not recognized. Any sentence can be written in several ways in which the words are correctly spelt but are not the words you intend to use. For example, if we type the sentence ‘What is prized is not the system but its maker or builder’ as ‘What is priced is not the system but its make or build’, most people who know the language will recognize it immediately and effortlessly as nonsense. But the software’s spell-check and grammar-check will pass the sentence as OK. Such examples can be multiplied for a great variety of tasks requiring experience and understanding which cannot be analogued or translated for AI machines but which humans cope with quite easily.

    More ‘developed’ animals must also be more developed in using their senses and faculties or their brains but they are not always so

    Another point to mention concerning man’s intellectual activities relates to the issue of learning and education. Materialistic approaches attribute all of man’s intellectual activities to his brain. According to the theory of evolution, if taken literally, more developed animals must also be more developed in using their senses and faculties or their brains. But this is not the case.

    As Dr Yilmaz points out (The Fountain, No. 19, pp. 34–6), compared with a shark which can smell a drop of blood in the sea from a distance of about 25,000 feet, man is very much less developed. If we judge the degree of development according to the sense of smell, in place of men or monkeys, sharks will be at the top of the chain. Whereas, with respect to the sense of seeing, eagles are much more developed than sharks, as well as more than men and monkeys: an eagle can spot a rabbit on the ground from a height of about 6,000 feet. Would it not be true for a honey-bee to say of us: ‘Those clumsy ones can draw with tools and only after calculations the hexagons that I can make so easily and exactly identical to one another. They cannot make so sweet and healing a substance as honey that I produce in great amounts.’ Again, according to the literal logic of the theory of evolution, must a more developed animal not inherit the abilities of one less developed than itself? In this case, must man not have the abilities of all animals and must apes not have the abilities of all other animals ‘lower’ on the evolutionary ladder than themselves? Also, if man was evolved from apes, should the first man evolved not have inherited all the abilities and knowledge of all apes? However, we see that while all other animals are born as if educated and instructed already in all the information they will need to survive, man is born knowing next to nothing of what he needs to know to survive. And while all other animals come to the world with the same information or knowledge their predecessors had and there is negligible (if indeed any) difference between the amount of knowledge and abilities that the members of a species have, a man’s knowledge cannot be inherited by his progeny. Consequently, human beings vary hugely in their intellectual and artistic capacities and the amount or level of their knowledge.

    Behaviorism and cognitivism in learning

    Materialistic and evolutionist psychology consider learning either as a matter of behavioral patterning by reinforcement or the storage and use of knowledge. The first view is called behaviorism, while the latter cognitivisim. However, both are agreed that it is the brain or neural systems which learn. That is, the intellectual dimension of man’s being consists in his brain. They confuse how a man learns with what it is that does the learning. What they want us to believe with respect to man’s intellectual faculties is not different from defining how a factory works. According to their logic, it is the factory itself which built itself and works according to the laws pre-determined by either itself or the collective being of factories. Although they use personal pronouns such as ‘I’ or ‘You’ or ‘We’ in referring to those who learn, speak, think, reason, decide and so on, forgetting that the brain does not know itself or what it is doing and also forgetting that it is we—humans—who study, speak about, comment on and even operate on the brain, they regard it as scientific to attribute all man’s intellectual activities and faculties, and therefore his conscious existence, to the brain. If that is so, why do we not concentrate our efforts merely on the brain and adjust it as a way of adjusting or educating individuals rather than go to the trouble and expense we currently go through to educate and bring up our fellow members of society? Again, does attributing man’s intellectual activities to the brain mean that whatever man will need in life and also his desires, expectations, feelings, pains of the past and anxieties of the future, etc. were pre-encoded in his brain and that according to the situations or the stimuli coming from the outer world, the brain brings them forth as responses? According to what we are asked to believe, the brain continually self-organizes, learns and adapts throughout our lives. Understanding how millions of neurons self-organize through non-linear feedback interactions requires that we have a full grasp of the mathematics of neural networks and of how this mathematics helps us to understand the link between brain and behavior. Is it not compounding our ignorance to attribute to a heap of blind, deaf, ignorant flesh, blood and neurons unconscious of themselves, of their existence and what they are doing or why, all of man’s intellectual faculties and activities with all their complexity, all of our consciousness and culture, religious life? Does this make sense? And does not doing so entail a denial of man’s free will? Although some psychologists such as Tolman and Köhler are of the opinion that at least in some cases learning appears to be purposeful and animals and people have an awareness of what is being acquired and they actively interpret the stimuli they sense from the environment, since they too attribute this to the brain by asserting that there must be more than one system in the brain involved in learning, the point on which all materialistic approaches are agreed (consciously or unconsciously) is that man is an animal whose acts consist in the automatic responses of his brain, an animal that has no free will to direct and control his life.

    The activity of learning is remarkably easy as both behaviorists or cognitivists assert. Yet it is nevertheless extremely complex. Besides senses, many human faculties such as imagination, conceptualization, reasoning, comparing, retaining, remembering, confirming and conviction, have a share in it. Each of these faculties give its color to what is learnt. For example, only imagination gives rise to falsehoods, while conceptualization is ambiguous as to what passes through it. Reasoning does not have an established view of what comes to it, while capable of confirming partiality or prejudices pleasing to the one doing the reasoning. Surely the materialistic approach has no right to that degree of conviction achieved by impartial reasoning and study of real evidence and which is worthy to be called scientific knowledge. Rather, what materialist and evolutionist psychologists suggest may only be the product of imagination or partial (i.e. biased) reasoning.


              Does the sub-atomic world provide a proof for creation?        


    Out of the three famous papers that Albert Einstein published in 1905, On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light explicitly stated the quantum hypothesis for electromagnetic radiation, and On the Movement of Small Particles Suspended in Stationary Liquids Required by the Molecular-Kinetic Theory of Heat developed the theory that led to the establishment of the sub-atomic nature of matter.

    Following the classical Newtonian physics and under the spell of developments in science, physicists of the 19th century claimed that they could explain every phenomenon in the universe. E. Dubois Reymond, at a meeting held in memory of Leibniz in the Prussian Academy in 1880 was a bit humbler: ‘There have remained seven enigmas in the universe, three of which we are unable to solve yet: The essential nature of matter and force, the essence and origin of movement and the nature of consciousness. The three of the rest that we can solve although with great difficulties are: The origin of life, the order in the universe and the apparent purpose for it and the origin of thought and language. As for the seventh, we can say nothing about it. It is the individual free will’ (quoted in A. Adivar, Ilim ve Din (‘Science and Religion’), Istanbul 1980, p.282).

    The sub-atomic world threw all scientists into confusion. This world and the ‘quantum cosmology’ which it introduces, rather than being a heap or assemblage of concrete things, is made up of five elements: the mass of the electron in the field where an action occurs (M), the mass of the proton (m), the electrical charge which these two elements carry, the energy quanta (h)—the amount of the energy remaining during the occurrence of the action—and the unchanging speed of light (c). These five elements or the universe can even be reduced to action or energy waves traveling through space in tiny packets or quanta. Since the quanta required for an action are special to it and exist independently of the quanta required for the previous action, it becomes impossible to predict the exact state of the universe. If the universe is in t1 state now, it cannot be predicted that it will be the same in t2 state. Paul Renteln, assistant professor of physics at California State University, writes (American Scientist, Nov.-Dec., 1991, p.508):

    Modern physicists live in two different worlds. In one world we can predict the future position and momentum of a particle if we know its present position and momentum. This is the world of classical physics, including the physics described by Einstein’s theory of gravity, the general theory of relativity. In the second world it is impossible to predict the exact position and momentum of a particle. This is the probabilistic, subatomic world of quantum mechanics. General relativity and quantum mechanics are the two great pillars that form the foundation of 20th-century physics, and yet their precepts assume two different kinds of universe.

    The real nature of this sub-atomic world and the events taking place in it make it impossible to construct a theory to describe them, because they cannot be observed. One reason for their unobservability is that, as Renteln writes in an attempt to propose a theory which he calls quantum gravity to reconcile the two different worlds of classical and quantum physics, ‘the events take place at a scale far smaller than any realm yet explored by experimental physics. It is only when particles approach to within about 10-35 meter that their gravitational interactions have to be described in the same quantum-mechanical terms that we adopt to understand the other forces of nature. This distance is 1024 times smaller than the diameter of an atom—which means that the characteristic scale of quantum gravity bears the same relation to the size of an atom as an atom bears to the size of the solar system. To probe such small distances would require a particle accelerator 1015 times more powerful than the proposed Superconducting Supercollider.’

    At the outset of this century, electrons surrounding the nucleus of an atom were thought to orbit the nucleus like planets in a miniature solar system. However, later researches modified that view. The electron is now understood to be more of an energy field cloud fluctuating around a nucleus.

    The nucleus itself seemed to be composed of two smaller constituents—protons and neutrons. However, in the 1960s, physicists Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig confirmed by experiments that protons and neutrons were made up of even more elementary particles, which Gell-Mann called ‘quarks’. Quarks cannot be seen, not just because they are too small but also because they do not seem to be quite ‘all there’.

    Quarks are better described as swirls of dynamic energy, which means that solid matter is not, at its fundamental level, solid at all. Anything you hold in your hand and which seems solid, is really a quivering, shimmering, lacy lattice of energy, pulsating millions of times every second as billions of fundamental particles gyrate and spin in an eternal dance. At its most fundamental level, everything is energy held together by forces of incredible power.

    This is not all that makes us unable to predict even the nearest future of the universe. According to Werner Heisenberg’s theories, at just the time when we can know either where a particle is or how fast it is traveling, we cannot know both. This is because the very act of measuring the particle alters its behavior. Measuring the particle’s speed changes its position, and measuring its position changes its speed.

    However, the unpredictability in the sub-atomic world does not change anything in our everyday, predictable world. Everything works according to the basic laws of classical Newtonian physics. (Groping in the Light, 1990, pp. 11-17).

    Why is this so and how should our view of the world and events be?

    Scientists who believe in the existence of God and His creation of the universe suggest that creation was not a single event. That is, God did not create the universe as a single act and then leave it to operate according to the laws He established. Rather, creation is a continuous act (creatio continua). In other words, roughly like the movement of energy or electricity and its illuminating our world by means of bulbs, existence continuously comes from God and returns to and perishes in Him. Through the manifestation of all His Names, God continuously creates, annihilates and re-creates the universe. Some medieval Muslim scholarly saints such as Muhy al-Din ibn al-’Arabi and Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi called these pairs of acts as the continuous cycle of coming into existence and dying. Because of the incredible speed of this movement, the universe appears to be uniform and continuous. Rumi likens this to the fast spinning of a staff on one end of which there is fixed a light. When spun at speed, the light on the end of the staff appears as if a circle of light.

    Unable to explain the extreme complexity of existence and the events taking place, some scientists assert that everything is in chaos and attribute the formation of universe as it is to mere chance. According to them, other universes could have formed, they simply did not, and there is no reason that the universe is the way it is. Given that it is impossible for even three or more unconscious things moving at random to come together by themselves to form even the simplest entity, it is highly questionable whether a rational person can accept that the wonderful order prevailing in the universe according to which we can direct our lives can be explained without attributing it to a supernatural intellect. A. Cressy Morrison writes (Man Does Not Stand Alone, New York, pp.98-9.):

    The proverbial penny may turn up heads ten times running and the chance of an eleventh is not expected but is still one in two, but the chance of a run of ten heads is very small. Suppose you have a bag containing one hundred marbles, ninety-nine black and one white. Shake the bag and let out one. The chance that the first marble out is the white one is exactly one in one hundred. Now put the marbles back and start over again. The chance of the white coming out is still one in a hundred, but the chance of the white coming out first twice in succession is one in ten thousand.

    Now try a third time, and the chance of the white coming out three times in succession is one hundred times ten thousand or one in a billion. Try another time or two and the figures become astronomical.

    The results of chance are as closely bound by law as the fact that two and two make four.

    All the nearly exact requirements of life could not be brought about on one planet at one time by chance. The size of the earth, the distance from the sun, the thickness of the earth’s crust, the quantity of water, the amount of carbon dioxide, the volume of nitrogen, the emergence of man and his survival—all point to order out of chaos, to design and purpose, and to the fact that, according to the inexorable laws of mathematics, all these could not occur by chance simultaneously on one planet once in a billion times. It could so occur, but it did not so occur.

    Attributing the impossible to chance is a trick of the human mind, its stubborn resistance, which confuses a theoretical possibility with the actual facts. For example, it is possible that the Pacific Ocean has now changed into milk, but actually it has not.

    As it is impossible to construct a building on a flowing stream, God Almighty spread over the unpredictability of the sub-atomic world the veil of the speed of its movement and made the universe dependent on what we call laws. It is for this reason that everything in the outer face of nature works according to the basic laws of classical Newtonian physics. However, it is a matter of controversy between the two schools of Ahl al-Sunna wa l-Jama’a whether the universe has a continuous existence working according to established laws and things accordingly have perpetual properties or God continuously creates the universe and orders each component of it what to do at every moment. The followers of the Maturidi School assert that God created the universe and set it to operate according to certain laws which He established, giving each thing certain properties. For example, fire burns because God gave it the quality of burning. Whereas, the followers of the Ash’ari School maintain that the universe does not have a perpetual, established existence and reality. Nor do things have essential qualities of themselves. God creates the universe anew each ‘moment’ and directs it continuously by ordering each thing to do what it must do. For example, fire does not essentially have the quality of burning, rather, God gives it the order to burn and it burns. Since according to the dictates of life in the universe, He usually orders it to burn, we think that fire essentially has the quality of burning.

    As we accept the ‘relative’ truth of both Newtonian and quantum physics at the same time, we can also accept the truth of the views of both schools. As a matter of belief and as life at the most fundamental level of existence as in the sub-atomic world points out, God is continuously active, creating the universe anew and directly administering it. While at practical level, life will be impossible for us if we do not accept or assume the uniform continuity or stability of existence. What would life be if we were conscious that the sun would not rise tomorrow morning or that we might not live a second longer, although it is theoretically conceivable both that the sun might not rise tomorrow and that we might not survive a second longer?


              What is the meaning of existence?        


    There are two ways to explain how a seed germinates under earth, then grows into a human being; either each of the innumerable particles operative in the process of growth individually knows its place, functions and environment, and its relations with all the other particles, cells and larger wholes within the organism, or one who has that vast knowledge employs them in the growth process, as indeed in the formation of all living or non-living entities.

    The following simple scientific experiment, reported in Discovery, 20 August 1993, will help in understanding this significant argument:

    There is no ‘trial and error’ in nature

    Overbeck and his co-workers at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston were trying to practice some gene therapy techniques by seeing if they could convert albino mice into coloured ones. The researcher injected a gene essential to the production of the pigment melanin into the single-cell embryo of an albino mouse. Later they bred that mouse’s offspring, half of which carried the gene on one chromosome of a chromosome pair. Classic Mendelian genetics told them that roughly a quarter of the grandchildren should carry the gene on both chromosomes —should be ‘homozygous’, in the language of genetics—and should therefore be colored.

    But the mice never got a chance to acquire color. ‘The first thing we noticed,’ says Overbeck, ‘was that we were losing about 25% of the grandchildren within a week after they were born.’ The explanation:

    The melanin-related gene that his group injected into the albino mouse embryo had inserted itself into a completely unrelated gene. An unfamiliar stretch of DNA in the middle of a gene wrecks that gene’s ability to get its message read. So in the mice, it seems whatever protein the gene coded for went unproduced, whatever function the protein had went undone, and the stomach, heart, liver, and spleen all wound up in the wrong place. Somehow, too, the kidneys and pancreas were damaged, and that damage is apparently what killed the mice.

    Overbeck and his colleagues have already located the gene on a particular mouse chromosome and are now trying to pin down its structure. That will tell them something about the structure of the protein the gene encodes, how the protein works, and when and where it is produced as the gene gets ‘expressed’, or turned on, ‘Is the gene expressed everywhere, or just on the left side of the embryo or just on the right side?’ Overbeck wonders, ‘And when does it get expressed?’

    These questions will take Overbeck far from the gene-transfer experiment. ‘We think there are at least 100,000 genes,’ he points out, ‘so the chances of this happening were literally one in 100,000.’

    It will take many thousands of tests therefore, and cost the lives of many thousands of mice, for this type of experiment to be carried out with success. However, there is no such trial and error in nature, and any seed under earth, unless some impediment like lack of enough moisture intervenes, germinates and ultimately becomes a tree. Likewise, an embryo in the mother’s womb grows into a living, conscious being equipped with intellectual and spiritual faculties.

    The human body is a miracle of symmetry, as well as of asymmetry.

    The human body is a miracle of symmetry, as well as of asymmetry. Scientists know how an embryo develops in the womb to form this symmetry and asymmetry, but they are completely ignorant of how the particles—the particles that reach the embryo through the mother and function as building blocks in the formation of the body—can distinguish between right and left, how they are able to determine the place of each organ, how each goes and inserts itself in the exact place of a certain organ, and how they understand the extremely complicated relations among cells and organs, and their requirements. This is so complicated a process that if a single particle which should be placed in, for example, the pupil of the right eye, were to go to the ear, it could lead to malfunction or even death. Another point relevant here is that all animate beings are made from the same elements coming from earth, air and water, and similar to one another with respect to the members and organs of their bodies, yet they are almost completely different from one another with respect to bodily features, visage, character, desires and ambitions. This uniqueness of the individual is so reliable that one can be identified absolutely by one’s finger prints.

    There are only two alternatives to explain creation: either each particle or atom possesses almost infinite knowledge, will and power or One Who has such knowledge, power and will creates and administers the whole existence

    How do we explain this? There are the two alternatives we mentioned at the beginning: either each particle possesses almost infinite knowledge, will and power or One Who has such knowledge, power and will creates and administers each particle. However far back we go in an attempt to ascribe this to cause and effect and heredity, these two alternatives remain valid.

    This argument, frequently emphasized in the writings of Said Nursi, lost its appeal when I objected: ‘Everything takes place according to a certain program and the principle of cause and effect. Why, then, need a particle possess the knowledge of its place and functions, its relations with all other particles with which it must combine and co-operate?’ However, it soon dawned upon me that I was trying to find an explanation for existence from within existence, seeking the Creator in that which was created.

    Materialistic science, whether biology or physics, reflects upon existence from within it and is dazzled, tangled by the apparent self-organization in the universe.

    Materialistic science, whether biology or physics, reflects upon existence from within it and is dazzled, tangled by the apparent self-organization in the universe. It is true that everything appears to happen according to certain principles and the law of cause and effect. Empirically based and having adopted the method of doing tests in laboratories, modern science attempts to discover the Creator in laboratories. This means regarding the Creator as of the same kind as the created—finite and material—which implies for the scientist a rank over the Creator. If the scientist is not seeking to deify himself over creation, what is the rationale, the sense, of looking for the Creator among the created?

    As everybody knows, science advances on the feet of theories. That being so, would it not be legitimate to approach, at least for once, existence and the act of coming into existence from the perspective of the existence of God?

    In the past, Muslim theologians argued the necessity of God from the unacceptability of an unending chain of causes. Everything in the universe is finite, transient, it begins and ends. Also, anything that begins and ends needs a cause or originator to bring it into existence since nothing can originate itself. (Even man, despite being the most conscious and powerful of creatures, has no part in his coming into existence, in the time and place of his birth, in determining his family, his race, his bodily features, nor has he much control over the workings of his body.) In short, as every existent needs an originator and the chain of originators cannot regress for ever, there must be an absolute originator, self-originating, self-existent, self-subsistent. This is God, without beginning and end, eternal.

    Even if the existence of the universe is attributed to some entity other than God—to evolution or causality or nature or matter or coincidences and necessity—no one can deny that everything displays, though its coming into existence, its subsistence and death, an all-comprehensive knowledge, and an absolute power and determination. As we saw in the experiment referred to above, a single misplaced or misdirected gene, may suffice to ruin or prevent life. The interconnectedness of everything, from galaxies to atoms, is a reality into which every new entity enters and wherein it must know its unique place and function. And is there not a further demonstration of the existence and free operation of an all-comprehensive knowledge, and absolute power and will, that particles made up of the same bio-chemical constituents should be able to produce through the subtlest adjustments in their pattern of mutual relationships, entities and organisms which are unique? Is it satisfactory to explain this as heredity or coincidence, seeing that all such explanations again rest upon the same all-encompassing knowledge, absolute power and will?

    We must not be misled by the apparent fact that everything happens according to a certain program or plan or process of causes.

    We must not be misled by the apparent fact that everything happens according to a certain program or plan or process of causes. This process of causes is a veil spread over the flux of the universe, the ever-moving stream of events. The ‘laws of nature’ which may be inferred from this process of causes have a nominal, not a real and concrete, existence. Unless we attribute to nature the attributes we would normally attribute to the Creator of nature, we must accept that it is, in essence and reality, a printing mechanism, not a printer, a design, not a designer, a passive recipient, not an agent, an order, not an orderer, a collection of nominal laws, not a power. The same argument holds if, in place of ‘nature’, we choose the terms ‘matter’ or (the preference of French biologist Jacques Monod) ‘coincidence and necessity’.

    One of the points which entangles, and brings down, materialist scientific explanations is ‘eternity’. In order to perceive eternity, science must first acknowledge the inevitable limitations of its being a product of human reason. Man is a part of existence or creation, and therefore a finite being, and it is impossible for a finite being to comprehend the Infinite:

    • The Infinite cannot be of the same kind as the finite.

    • Man is enveloped by time and space which are two of the dimensions of existence, that is, they are not there before, but there together with creation. So, unless one goes beyond the limits of time and space, it is impossible for one to comprehend eternity. This can be attained, not by, in the terminology of Kant, the theoretical reason, but by the practical reason, by spiritual experience or enlightenment, or by one’s inner conscience.

    • God is not dependent on time. Possessing absolute Will, He is not compelled to do or not do anything. He created the universe.

    The universe is like a book each sentence, each word and each letter of which is interrelated with every other.

    The universe is like a book each sentence, each word and each letter of which is interrelated with every other. By manifesting His Names, God gets this book to ‘speak’, to be listened to or read by man. The original or essential meaning of this book originates in the Knowledge of God. In other words, before coming into material existence, the universe existed in the Knowledge of God. Through manifestation of Will and Power in the sphere of Knowledge, the meanings in the Knowledge appeared as the letters, words and sentences of the book of the universe. The universe which God fastened to the ‘string’ of time is the result of Divine manifestation of Will and Power in the sphere of His knowledge. For an existent being, coming into existence means transference from the sphere of Knowledge to the sphere of Power. By dying, it is transferred to the sphere of Knowledge again, but after it has acquired a new state proper for a new, eternal life in the other, eternal world. This can be made more understandable through the following analogy, which was explained before in this book:

    The meaning of a book exists in the mind of its author before he writes it. Even though he does not write it, the article or the book has an ‘essential’ existence in the form of meaning. In order to make this meaning visible in the material world, the author should ‘mould’ it into letters. Readers can know the author through the book. The book’s being there to be read indicates its having an author with the ability to write it. Likewise, the universe points to all the Names of God, including the All-Powerful, the All-Knowing and the Possessor of Will. These Names are indicative of the Attributes of Knowledge, Power and Will, which, in turn, demonstrate the One Who has them.

    God has many other Names or Attributes and therefore many kinds of manifestations. As the manifestations of, primarily, His Will and Power in Knowledge brought the universe into existence and still originate new lives incessantly, so His manifestation of Speech in the same Knowledge gave visible existence to the Qur’an, the last and the most perfect form of the Divine Scriptures. The present, revealed form of the Qur’an is, in one way, a counterpart of the universe in letters. In the same way as a magnificent building and the booklet describing it indicate the architect who produced them, the Qur’an and the universe, being two different forms or kinds of Divine manifestation, are signs of the Creator. The Qur’an came from the Divine Attribute of Speech, while the universe originated from the Divine Attributes of Will and Power. Both have their sources in the same Knowledge, the Knowledge of God. For this reason, any science—whether biology or physics or chemistry or astronomy or psychology—which studies the universe or man can never be contradictory with the religion of Islam. If there is a contradiction, it is either in the mind or intention or quality of the scientist or in a misrepresentation of Islam.

    The first revelation in the Qur’an and its relevance with the meaning of existence

    The first revelation to the Prophet, upon him be peace and blessings, was:

    Read: In and with the Name of Your Lord Who created, created man of an embryo suspended. Read: And your Lord is the most Munificent, Who taught by the Pen, taught man that he knew not. (al-’Alaq, 96.1-3)

    It is quite significant that the first command of God to His Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, was ‘read’, when there was not yet the Book to read. This means that there is another book or, rather, there are two books, counterparts to the Book which was to be revealed. These two books are the universe and man. A believer should approach the study of universe and man without prejudice. It is also significant that the verses of the Qur’an and the phenomena in the universe and in man—material and psychological—are both called ‘signs’. The imperative ‘read!’ is followed, not by a direct object or an adverbial, but by ‘in and with the Name of your Lord Who created’. This signifies:

    • ‘Reading’ the universe—studying it—has principles of its own, like, for example, observation and experiment.

    • The word translated as Lord is Rabb, among whose meanings are ‘educator, upbringer, giver of a certain nature’. God created the universe and man on a certain pattern, and gave each entity a particular nature. Man’s nature includes free will, every other entity acts according to the primordial nature assigned to it. This is what modern science refers to in the words ‘nature’ and the ‘laws of nature’. What man is commanded to do is to discover these ‘laws’.

    • Every act of man, including his scientific studies, should be done in the name of God, and therefore be an act of worship. That is the only limit which the Qur’an or Islam has put on science. Any act so performed cannot be against God’s Commandments. For example, in the pursuit of scientific knowledge as worship, no one could harm mankind, nor put that knowledge in the form of a deadly weapon in the hands of an irresponsible minority. If done only in the name of God, by people conscious of always being supervised by God and who will be called to account before a Supreme Tribunal for all their actions in the world, science could change the world into a garden of Eden.

    In sum: The meaning of existence is from the existence of God. That is what gives their true meaning to all things, all events, all efforts to live and acquire knowledge. Consider that the smallest thing like an apple costs the whole universe, seeing that for its formation the sun, earth and water must co-operate, something that the whole world population working together could not provide. Whether for the universe as a whole or a simple life within it, a great expenditure has been made in creation. In spite of this, many living things die at birth, and many others after a few moments of life. The average life span of man, who is the ‘cream’ of creation, to whom much of the existence has been subjugated, is about 60 years. You may, therefore, ask why such a vast expenditure is made for so short a life-span. If there is not an eternal life in an eternal world, will life and every existent thing have been pointless, in vain? However, God has not created anything for vanity. Every existent is infinitely meaningful, displaying an infinite knowledge, will and power. Each is directed to a particular aim. Each, whether its term is short or long, is a ‘sign’ pointing to God and is directly related to Him.

    Without that relation of itself to God, every entity would mean nothing—zero; and the universe would be a huge zero. If God is not recognized, if the meaning His existence and creativity provide for existence is not understood, the zeros would be, each one, a sort of ‘black hole’ absorbing all the Divine manifestations and beauties. It is belief which removes the dark veil from creation and manifests the meaning it carries. Through belief, each of the ‘black holes’ changes—according to the degree of its refinement—into a shining sun, moon or star which manifests the meaning, aim and beauty it has been given by its Creator.


              Tennyson - L'oiseau qui danse        

    Music by Tennyson
    Directed by Jean-Marie Marbach (jm-marbach.net)
    Custom AE expressions by Dan Ebberts (motionscript.com)
    Particles FX & environments created with Trapcode Suite

    Cast: Jean-Marie_Marbach

    Tags: Tennyson, Particles, Trapcode, Particular, Mir, Origami and Visual Music


              When coal replaces a cleaner energy source, health is on the line        

    Tennessee Valley case study links higher air pollution to lower birth-weight babies

    Science & the Public
    Paradise Fossil Plant

    COAL’S COST  In response to nuclear power plant shutdowns, Kentucky’s coal-fired Paradise Fossil Plant (shown) began producing more power, and more air pollution. Babies born nearby were smaller, an indicator of poorer health, a study finds.

    Where I grew up in Tennessee, a coal-fired power plant perches by the river, just down from the bridge that my wild brothers and their friends would jump off in the summer. Despite the proximity, I never thought too much about the power plant and the energy it was churning out.

    But then I read an April 3 Nature Energy paper on coal-fired energy production that used my town — and others in the Tennessee Valley Authority area — as a natural experiment. The story the data tell is simultaneously fascinating and frustrating, and arrives at a politically prescient time. In recent weeks, the Trump administration has signaled a shift in energy policy back toward the fossil fuel.  

    The roots of this story were planted in the 1930s, when the TVA was created as a New Deal project to help haul America out of the Great Depression. The organization soon got into the power business, relying on a mix of energy sources: hydropower, coal and nuclear. After the 1979 accident at Three Mile Island — a nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania — stricter regulations driven by public fear prompted TVA to shut down its two nuclear reactors. Those temporary closures in 1985 left a gaping hole in the region’s energy production, a need immediately filled by coal.

    Economist Edson Severnini realized that this dramatic shift from nuclear to coal offered a chance to study the effects of coal-fired power on health. He analyzed power production, particle pollution and medical records of babies born near coal plants. One in particular picked up the most slack: Paradise Fossil Plant in Paradise, Ky. (Incidentally, that town is the same coal-ravaged one John Prine sings about in arguably the best song ever written.) The plant’s power production increased by about 27 percent, replacing about a quarter of the missing nuclear energy.

    Not surprisingly, air pollution near the Paradise plant rose, Severnini found. The levels of an air pollution indicator called total suspended particulate fell below the Environmental Protection Agency’s limit at the time (but wouldn’t have passed today’s tougher standards, Severnini says). Still, babies born near the plant in the 18 months after the nuclear shutdowns in 1985 were about 5 percent smaller than babies born in the 18 months before. No difference in birth weight showed up in babies born near other power plants that didn’t change their output (including my town’s).

    Story continues below map

    Shifting power

    After two nuclear reactors in Tennessee were temporarily shut down in the 1980s, coal-fired power plants picked up various amounts of the slack. Babies born near the Paradise Fossil Plant (red diamond), which saw the biggest increase in production, tended to be born smaller after the shift.

    That 5 percent difference was “really, really surprising,” says Severnini, of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Studies have linked low birth weight to trouble later in life, including a lower IQ, lower earnings and health problems, particularly heart disease.

    UCLA environmental epidemiologist Beate Ritz puts that 5 percent drop in context. “These coal-fired power plants coming online can be compared with a pregnant woman smoking one pack of cigarettes a day,” she says. “That’s pretty bad.”

    Ritz, who studies the hazards of air pollution in Los Angeles, points out that it’s not just the lowest birth weight babies affected. The whole curve of birth weights shifted, so that in all likelihood, most babies born there were impacted in some way. “There’s only a small percent in the upper end of the curve that is unaffected,” she says. “Everybody else has probably some kind of subtle effect that you can’t measure on their brain development, on their lung development, on their immune system.”

    The study compares nuclear energy to coal. But the issue is far more complex than that, Severnini says. He hopes the example he found will serve as a reminder of how all energy decisions come with complex trade-offs. “Any energy production choice we make has costs and benefits, and we need to weigh them fully.”

    The TVA case study fits with many other examples of how coal pollution can harm health, says Bernard Goldstein, a physician and environmental public health expert at University of Pittsburgh. “We should get rid of particulates, and coal contributes to that,” he says.

    U.S. dependence on coal is ebbing, in part because natural gas is cheap right now. But coal isn’t dead yet. “My administration is putting an end to the war on coal,” President Donald Trump said March 28, before he signed an executive order that lifted the ban on coal leases on federal land. He also aims to lift other restrictions that affect the coal industry. It’s not yet clear how — or whether —those policies will be enacted, or whether they’ll be enough to revive the coal industry. (Tellingly, the Paradise plant plans to shut down two of its three coal-burning units as it shifts to natural gas.)

    “If the president gets his way, this would slow [coal’s descent] down,” says Goldstein, who coauthored a March 23 New England Journal of Medicine opinion piece on why the Trump administration should pay attention to environmental science. Goldstein likens the situation to government efforts to discourage teenage smoking, a trend that’s also decreasing. Just because the numbers are already falling doesn’t mean we shouldn’t hasten that drop, he says.

    And unlike exposure to other pollutants like cigarette smoke, air isn’t optional. “You don’t have a choice,” Ritz notes. We are all breathing the air that’s around us, whether we are in Paradise or not.


              Con đường tìm kiếm đơn cá»±c từ         

    Có bốn lực cơ bản trong tự nhiên, đó là lực hạt nhân mạnh, lực hạt nhân yếu, lực điện từ, lực hấp dẫn. Trong bốn lực này thì lực điện từ là lực giúp sinh vật có thể tri giác được thế giới. Không có lực điện từ, con người không có cảm giác, không thể nhìn, nghe, ngửi, nếm. Thậm chí cả tình yêu, tình cảm, các cảm giác tức giận, vui vẻ, đau buồn, hạnh phúc,... những thứ có vẻ phi vật chất cũng có được nhờ sự khéo léo đến không thể tin nổi của tự nhiên để sử dụng lực điện từ cho các hoạt động của con người. Sự phát triển như vũ bão của khoa học công nghệ ngày nay phần lớn dựa trên việc khai thác hiểu biết của con người vào lực điện từ.
    Mọi người đã quen với một khái niệm "điện tích" (electric charge) từ kiến thức phổ thông, các ví dụ về điện tích là điện tử hoặc proton rất phổ biến. Về bản chất, điện tích chính là một đơn cực điện (electric monopole). Các điện tích cùng dấu thì đẩy nhau, trái dấu thì hút nhau thông qua một môi trường đặc biệt gọi là điện trường đi từ điện cực dương sang điện cực âm. Thoạt nhìn thì chúng ta mong đợi một sự tương đương giữa điện và từ, hay còn gọi là đối xứng điện từ (các nhà khoa học rất thích sự đối xứng và không thích sự phá vỡ các đối xứng). Nếu có điện trường thì phải có từ trường. Điện trường đi ra từ điện tích dương, đi vào điện tích âm. Từ trường đi ra từ cực nam, đi vào cực âm. Vậy thì nếu có đơn cực điện thì phải có đơn cực từ. Có điện tích âm, điện tích dương thì phải có từ tích bắc và từ tích nam. Tuy vậy, mặc dù điện tích thì rất dễ quan sát nhưng từ tích, hay đơn cực từ thì dù bao cố gắng cho đến nay vẫn chưa trực tiếp quan sát thấy.
    Nếu chúng ta lấy một thanh nam châm, với hai cực bắc nam, bẻ đôi nó thì ta thu được một thanh nam châm mới, vẫn với hai cực bắc và nam. Ta tiếp tục làm thế nhiều lần cho đến khi không thể bẻ đôi được nữa thì chúng ta sẽ thu được một lưỡng cực từ (magnetic dipole) chứ không phải là một đơn cực từ. Lưỡng cực từ nhỏ nhất chính là một spin của điện tử hoặc của proton và neutron. Spin là một tính chất của các hạt vi mô tuân theo các lí thuyết lượng tử. Để đơn giản, có thể xem nó tương tự như là từ trường phát ra do một hạt vi mô tự quay xung quanh nó.

    Cách đây hơn 150 năm, Clerk Maxwell đã thống nhất được lực điện và lực từ trong hệ phương trình Maxwell nổi tiếng của ông. Hệ phương trình này có thể giải thích toàn bộ các hiện tượng điện và từ cổ điển và nó vẫn được dùng để sử dụng trong phần lớn các ứng dụng điện từ ngày nay. Trong hệ phương trình này có một phương trình nói rằng điện tích chuyển động sinh ra từ trường. Và nếu vậy, một điện tích tự xoay xung quanh nó sẽ sinh ra spin mà không cần một đơn cực từ. Phương trình Gauss cho từ trường trong hệ phương trình Maxwell cũng cho thấy không có đơn cực từ.
    Lí thuyết điện từ cổ điển của Maxwell rất phù hợp với các quan sát và dữ liệu thực nghiệm. Tuy nhiên việc lí thuyết này cho rằng không có đơn cực từ không có nghĩa là nó không có mà nói đúng hơn là nó không có ở những nơi mà chúng ta đã quan sát. Một số nhà khoa học đã quan tâm đến vấn đề này. Năm 1894, nhà vật lí đạt giải Nobel là Pierre Curie nói rằng không có lí do gì để phủ nhận sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ. Năm 1931, một nhà vật lí đạt giải Nobel khác là Paul Dirac chứng minh rằng hệ phương trình Maxwell mở rộng có sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ với giá trị rời rạc giống như điện tích. Nếu các nhà khoa học tìm thấy sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ thì có sự tương đương, hay còn gọi là tính đối ngẫu, hay đối xứng giữa điện và từ.
    Và thế là hành trình tìm đơn cực từ bắt đầu.
    Sơ đồ thí nghiệm tán xạ neutron: neutron được bắn vào mẫu khi có từ trường tác dụng, các dây Dirac sẽ sắp xếp chống lại từ trường. Ở đầu các dây này là các đơn cực từ.

    Trong gần 80 năm, các nhà khoa học không có bước tiến nào đáng kể trong việc quan sát đơn cực từ. Cho đến năm 2009, một nhóm các nhà khoa học Đức tuyên bố họ đã quan sát thấy đơn cực từ.[i]Họ nghiên cứu tính chất của tán xạ neutron trên đơn tinh thể Dysprosium Titanate. Neutron là một hạt không có điện tích nhưng có từ tính (lưỡng cực từ) nên chúng có thể tương tác từ với vật chất thông qua tương tác từ. Vật liệu này có cấu trúc rất đặc biệt. Các mô men từ của nguyên từ Dysprosium xắp xếp thành dạng ống bị xoắn lại tạo lòng ống có từ thông đi qua gọi là các dây Dirac. Trong quá trình tán xạ neutron, các nhà khoa học tác dụng một từ trường ở nhiệt độ thấp. Từ trường này phá vỡ đối xứng và định hướng của các dây, làm giảm mật độ dây Dirac và tạo đơn cực từ có thể quan sát được từ kết quả tán xạ neutron. Đơn cực từ trong nghiên cứu này không phải là một hạt cấu thành của vật chất mà là một hệ quả của việc xắp xếp lại các lưỡng cực từ.
    Năm 2012, các nhà khoa học ở của Pháp công bố "đã tìm thấy bằng chứng về các giả hạt (quasiparticle) có tính chất tÆ°Æ¡ng tá»± đơn cá»±c từ."[ii]Trong cÆ¡ học lượng tá»­, một hạt vi mô có đặc điểm lưỡng tính, tức là, nó vừa có tính chất của một hạt nhÆ°ng đồng thời vừa có tính chất của một sóng. Đơn cá»±c từ là một sóng thì có 2 đặc điểm của sóng đó là nút sóng và pha của sóng. Các nhà khoa học nghiên cứu một hiện tượng đặc biệt khác tên là NgÆ°ng tụ Bose-Einstein (BEC - Bose Einstein Condensate).  Thông thường chúng ta biết vật chất có thể ở ba trạng thái, từ nhiệt độ thấp đến nhiệt độ cao vật chất nói chung chuyển từ trạng thái rắn - lỏng - khí. Tuy nhiên, ở các điều kiện đặc biệt, khi nhiệt độ cá»±c thấp hoặc cá»±c cao, vật chất có thể ở các trạng thái khác. Khi nhiệt độ rất cao, vật chất ở trạng thái plasma, ở đó, các điện tá»­ rời bỏ nguyên tá»­, phân tá»­ để hoà thành một hỗn hợp đám khí điện tích. Khi nhiệt độ rất thấp, vật chất có thể ở một trạng thái lượng tá»­ là ngÆ°ng tụ Bose-Einstein. Ở đó, các hạt vật chất trở thành các hạt boson (là các hạt truyền tÆ°Æ¡ng tác nhÆ° là các quang tá»­, photon, hấp dẫn graviton,... khác với hạt fermion là các hạt thá»±c nhÆ° điện tá»­, proton, neutron, quark,... Các hạt boson có thể ở cùng một mức lượng tá»­ năng lượng, các hạt fermion thì không thể) và có thể ở cùng một mức lượng tá»­ năng lượng. Các nhà khoa học tạo một khe nhỏ (microcavity[iii]) trên một chất bán dẫn để nhốt các photon (quang tá»­) và các exciton ở nhiệt độ thấp 10 K. Khi các photon và exciton kết cặp với nhau, chúng tạo ra các polariton. Tập hợp các polariton tạo thành một loại chất lỏng polariton và có thể nghiên cứu tính chất của chúng bằng các kÄ© thuật quang học. Khi chất lỏng này va chạm với một vật cản, ví dụ nhÆ° là một sai hỏng trong cấu trúc microcavity thì nó sẽ tạo ra các sóng soliton (sóng giữ nguyên hình dạng lan truyền với một tốc độ không đổi). Một từ trường xuất hiện nhờ tính điện môi của microcavity sẽ tách mỗi soliton thành một cặp gồm hai bán-soliton có từ tích ngược nhau. Các bán-soliton tÆ°Æ¡ng tác ngược hướng với từ trường và có tính chất giống nhÆ° các đơn cá»±c từ một chiều. Thá»±c ra các bán-soliton không thá»±c sá»± là các đơn cá»±c từ. Đơn cá»±c từ phải là một hạt cÆ¡ bản giống nhÆ° các điện tá»­. NhÆ°ng sá»± tÆ°Æ¡ng tá»± của các bán-soliton cÅ©ng là một động viên lớn trong việc đi tìm từ tích thá»±c sá»±.
    Năm 2014, các nhà khoa học Phần lan tuyên bố đã tạo ra được đơn cực từ nhân tạo.[iv]Một từ trường tạo bởi một BEC ở nhiệt độ cực thấp, vài phần tỉ độ K. Hệ BEC pha loãng khi có tác động của từ trường ngoài sẽ xuất hiện các sai hỏng topo gắn với các dây xoắn tương đương với các dây Dirac của đơn cực từ. Nghiên cứu này dựa trên nghiên cứu lí thuyết trước đó cũng của nhóm này công bố năm 2009.[v]Tuy nhiên nghiên cứu này cũng chỉ ra rằng, cái mà họ tìm ra không phải là bản thân đơn cực từ mà chỉ là một sự tương tự đơn cực từ. Ngay sau đó, nhóm này cũng tìm ra một sự tương tự khác, một đơn cực lượng tử (quantum monopole) khi nghiên cứu ngưng tụ Bose-Einstein của một đám khí Rubidium ở trạng thái phi từ tính gần nhiệt độ không tuyệt đối.[vi]
    Hình trái là đơn cực từ lượng tử, hình phải là đơn cực từ Dirac. Màu sắc thể hiện hướng của đơn cực từ, độ sáng thể hiện mật độ hạt [vi].
    Gần đây nhất, một số nhà khoa học ở Mĩ và Tây Ban Nha công bố một công trình lí thuyết để giải thích tại sao chúng ta không thể quan sát trực tiếp đơn cực từ.[vii]Theo công trình này, tính đối ngẫu điện - từ, hay tính đối xứng điện từ không tồn tại hay nói một cách khác sự đối xứng bị phá vỡ do lực hấp dẫn có mặt ở khắp mọi nơi. Họ nghiên cứu lực hấp dẫn phá vỡ đối xứng như thế nào, đầu tiên là phá vỡ đối xứng của các hạt fermion và áp dụng cho các hạt boson. Kết quả nghiên cứu cho thấy, lực hấp dẫn thẩm thấu khắp mọi nơi trong vũ trụ đã phá vỡ đối xứng điện từ. Điều này không bác bỏ sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ nhưng nó loại bỏ lí do tìm đơn cực từ dựa trên sự đối xứng giữa điện và từ.
    Và con đường tìm kiếm đơn cực từ vẫn tiếp tục và khó khăn hơn.
    Đọc thêm: http://sciencealert.com, http://phys.org.



    [i]D.J.P. Morris et. al. Science 326 (2004) 411: 10.1126/science.1178868.
    [ii] R. Hivet, et al. Nature Phys. 8 (2012) 724: DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2406.
    [iii] Một khe có khoảng cách bằng nửa bước sóng, hai mặt có tính phản xạ để khi ánh sang đến bị phản xạ đi lại giữa khe, ta có một photon đến đó bị nhốt ở khe. Trong khe người ta tạo một giếng lượng tử để nhốt một điện tử trong đó. Khi photon đến điện tử hấp thụ photon để nhảy lên trạng thái kích thích (exciton). Khi đó microcavity có một lỗ trống có điện tích dương. Cặp điện tử - lỗ trống hình thành một sự phân cực điện. Điện tử ở trạng thái kích thích một thời gian rồi quay trở lại trạng thái cơ bản đồng thời phát ra đúng photon hấp thụ ban đầu. Quá trình hấp thụ photon, nhảy lên trạng thái kích thích rồi lại trở lại trạng thái cơ bản và phát ra photon được lặp đi lặp lại thì khi đó người ta gọi exciton và photon ở trạng thái kết cặp (couple). Trạng thái này tạo ra một sự phân cực điện tử - lỗ trống nên gọi là polariton.
    [iv] M. W. Ray et. al., Nature 505 (2014) 657–660: dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12954.
    [v] V. Pietilä and M. Möttönen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 (2009) 030401: doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.030401
    [vi] M. W. Ray et. al., Science 348 (2015) 544: DOI: 10.1126/science.1258289. Phys. Rev. X 7 (2017) 021023: doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.7.021023.
    [vii] I. Agullo et. al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 (2017) 111301: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett. 118.111301.

              Hạt nano kim loại        

    Hạt nano kim loại
    (Metallic nanoparticles)

    Nguyễn Hoàng Hải (Dạ Trạch)

    Trung tâm Khoa học Vật liệu
    Khoa Vật lí, Trường ĐH Khoa học Tự nhiên
    Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội
    334 Nguyễn Trãi, Hà Nội, Việt Nam

    Keywords: nanoparticle, gold, silver, biophysics, nanomaterials


    I. VẬT LIỆU NANO VÀ TÍNH CHẤT ĐẶC BIỆT CỦA NÓ
    Khoa học và công nghệ nano là một trong những thuật ngữ được sử dụng rộng rãi nhất trong khoa học vật liệu ngày nay là do đối tượng của chúng là vật liệu nano có những tính chất kì lạ khác hẳn với các tính chất của vật liệu khối mà người ta nghiên cứu trước đó [1]. Sự khác biệt về tính chất của vật liệu nano so với vật liệu khối bắt nguồn từ hai hiện tượng sau đây:

    1. Hiệu ứng bề mặt
    Khi vật liệu có kích thước nhỏ thì tỉ số giữa số nguyên tử trên bề mặt và tổng số nguyên tử của vật liệu gia tăng. Ví dụ, xét vật liệu tạo thành từ các hạt nano hình cầu. Nếu gọi ns là số nguyên tử nằm trên bề mặt, n là tổng số nguyên tử thì mối liên hệ giữa hai con số trên sẽ là ns = 4n2/3. Tỉ số giữa số nguyên tử trên bề mặt và tổng số nguyên tử sẽ là f = ns/n = 4/n1/3 = 4r0/r, trong đó r0 là bán kính của nguyên tử và r là bán kính của hạt nano. Như vậy, nếu kích thước của vật liệu giảm (r giảm) thì tỉ số f tăng lên. Do nguyên tử trên bề mặt có nhiều tính chất khác biệt so với tính chất của các nguyên tử ở bên trong lòng vật liệu nên khi kích thước vật liệu giảm đi thì hiệu ứng có liên quan đến các nguyên tử bề mặt, hay còn gọi là hiệu ứng bề mặt tăng lên do tỉ số f tăng. Khi kích thước của vật liệu giảm đến nm thì giá trị f này tăng lên đáng kể. Sự thay đổi về tính chất có liên quan đến hiệu ứng bề mặt không có tính đột biến theo sự thay đổi về kích thước vì f tỉ lệ nghịch với r theo một hàm liên tục. Chúng ta cần lưu ý đặc điểm này trong nghiên cứu và ứng dụng. Khác với hiệu ứng thứ hai mà ta sẽ đề cập đến sau, hiệu ứng bề mặt luôn có tác dụng với tất cả các giá trị của kích thước, hạt càng bé thì hiệu ứng càng lớn và ngược lại. Ở đây không có giới hạn nào cả, ngay cả vật liệu khối truyền thống cũng có hiệu ứng bề mặt, chỉ có điều hiệu ứng này nhỏ thường bị bỏ qua. Vì vậy, việc ứng dụng hiệu ứng bề mặt của vật liệu nano tương đối dễ dàng. Bảng 1 cho biết một số giá trị điển hình của hạt nano hình cầu. Với một hạt nano có đường kính 5 nm thì số nguyên tử mà hạt đó chứa là 4.000 nguyên tử, tí số f là 40 %, năng lượng bề mặt là 8,16×1011 và tỉ số năng lượng bề mặt trên năng lượng toàn phần là 82,2 %. Tuy nhiên, các giá trị vật lí giảm đi một nửa khi kích thước của hạt nano tăng gấp hai lần lên 10 nm.

    Bảng 1: Số nguyên tử và năng lượng bề mặt của hạt nano hình cầu

    Đường kính hạt nano (nm)

    Số nguyên tử

    Tỉ số nguyên tử trên bề mặt (%)

    Năng lượng bề mặt (erg/mol)

    Năng lượng bề mặt/Năng lượng tổng (%)

    10

    30.000

    20

    4,08×1011

    7,6

    5

    4.000

    40

    8,16×1011

    14,3

    2

    250

    80

    2,04×1012

    35,3

    1

    30

    90

    9,23×1012

    82,2

    2. Hiệu ứng kích thước
    Khác với hiệu ứng bề mặt, hiệu ứng kích thước của vật liệu nano đã làm cho vật liệu này trở nên kì lạ hơn nhiều so với các vật liệu truyền thống. Đối với một vật liệu, mỗi một tính chất của vật liệu này đều có một độ dài đặc trưng. Độ dài đặc trưng của rất nhiều các tính chất của vật liệu đều rơi vào kích thước nm. Chính điều này đã làm nên cái tên "vật liệu nano" mà ta thường nghe đến ngày nay. Ở vật liệu khối, kích thước vật liệu lớn hơn nhiều lần độ dài đặc trưng này dẫn đến các tính chất vật lí đã biết. Nhưng khi kích thước của vật liệu có thể so sánh được với độ dài đặc trưng đó thì tính chất có liên quan đến độ dài đặc trưng bị thay đổi đột ngột, khác hẳn so với tính chất đã biết trước đó. Ở đây không có sự chuyển tiếp một cách liên tục về tính chất khi đi từ vật liệu khối đến vật liệu nano. Chính vì vậy, khi nói đến vật liệu nano, chúng ta phải nhắc đến tính chất đi kèm của vật liệu đó. Cùng một vật liệu, cùng một kích thước, khi xem xét tính chất này thì thấy khác lạ sơ với vật liệu khối nhưng cũng có thể xem xét tính chất khác thì lại không có gì khác biệt cả. Tuy nhiên, chúng ta cũng may mắn là hiệu ứng bề mặt luôn luôn thể hiện dù ở bất cứ kích thước nào. Ví dụ, đối với kim loại, quãng đường tự do trung bình của điện tử có giá trị vài chục nm. Khi chúng ta cho dòng điện chạy qua một dây dẫn kim loại, nếu kích thước của dây rất lớn so với quãng đường tự do trung bình của điện tử trong kim loại này thì chúng ta sẽ có định luật Ohm cho dây dẫn. Định luật cho thấy sự tỉ lệ tuyến tính của dòng và thế đặt ở hai đầu sợi dây. Bây giờ chúng ta thu nhỏ kích thước của sợi dây cho đến khi nhỏ hơn độ dài quãng đường tự do trung mình của điện tử trong kim loại thì sự tỉ lệ liên tục giữa dòng và thế không còn nữa mà tỉ lệ gián đoạn với một lượng tử độ dẫn là e2/ħ, trong đó e là điện tích của điện tử, ħ là hằng đó Planck. Lúc này hiệu ứng lượng tử xuất hiện. Có rất nhiều tính chất bị thay đổi giống như độ dẫn, tức là bị lượng tử hóa do kích thước giảm đi. Hiện tượng này được gọi là hiệu ứng chuyển tiếp cổ điển-lượng tử trong các vật liệu nano do việc giam hãm các vật thể trong một không gian hẹp mang lại (giam hãm lượng tử). Bảng 2 cho thấy giá trị độ dài đặc trưng của một số tính chất của vật liệu [2].

    Bảng 2: Độ dài đặc trưng của một số tính chất của vật liệu

    Tính chất

    Thông số

    Độ dài đặc trưng (nm)

    Điện

    Bước sóng của điện tử

    Quãng đường tự do trung bình không đàn hồi

    Hiệu ứng đường ngầm

    10-100

    1-100

    1-10

    Từ

    Vách đô men, tương tác trao đổi

    Quãng đường tán xạ spin

    Giới hạn siêu thuận từ

    10-100

    1-100

    5-100

    Quang

    Hố lượng tử (bán kính Bohr)

    Độ dài suy giảm

    Độ sâu bề mặt kim loại

    Hấp thụ Plasmon bề mặt

    1-100

    10-100

    10-100

    10-500

    Siêu dẫn

    Độ dài liên kết cặp Cooper

    Độ thẩm thấu Meisner

    0.1-100

    1-100

    CÆ¡

    Tương tác bất định xứ

    Biên hạt

    Bán kính khởi động đứt vỡ

    Sai hỏng mầm

    Độ nhăn bề mặt

    1-1000

    1-10

    1-100

    0.1-10

    1-10

    Xúc tác

    Hình học topo bề mặt

    1-10

    Siêu phân tử

    Độ dài Kuhn

    Cấu trúc nhị cấp

    Cấu trúc tam cấp

    1-100

    1-10

    10-1000

    Miễn dịch

    Nhận biết phân tử

    1-10

    II. PHÂN LOẠI VẬT LIỆU NANO
    Có rất nhiều cách phân loại vật liệu nano, mỗi cách phân loại cho ra rất nhiều loại nhỏ nên thường hay làm lẫn lộn các khái niệm. Sau đây là một vài cách phân loại thường dùng.

    1. Phân loại theo hình dáng của vật liệu: người ta đặt tên số chiều không bị giới hạn ở kích thước nano

    · Vật liệu nano không chiều (cả ba chiều đều có kích thước nano), ví dụ đám nano, hạt nano

    · Vật liệu nano một chiều là vật liệu trong đó một chiều có kích thước nano, ví dụ dây nano, ống nano

    · Vật liệu nano hai chiều là vật liệu trong đó hai chiều có kích thước nano, ví dụ màng mỏng

    · Ngoài ra còn có vật liệu có cấu trúc nano hay nanocomposite trong đó chỉ có một phần của vật liệu có kích thước nm, hoặc cấu trúc của nó có nano không chiều, một chiều, hai chiều đan xen lẫn nhau.

    Cũng theo cách phân loại theo hình dáng của vật liệu, một số người đặt tên số chiều bị giới hạn ở kích thước nano. Nếu như thế thì hạt nano là vật liệu nano 3 chiều, dây nano là vật liệu nano 2 chiều và màng mỏng là vật liệu nano 1 chiều. Cách này ít phổ biến hơn cách ban đầu.

    2. Phân loại theo tính chất vật liệu thể hiện sự khác biệt ở kích thước nano:

    · Vật liệu nano kim loại

    · Vật liệu nano bán dẫn

    · Vật liệu nano từ tính

    · Vật liệu nano sinh học

    · vân vân

    Nhiều khi người ta phối hợp hai cách phân loại với nhau, hoặc phối hợp hai khái niệm nhỏ để tạo ra các khái niệm mới. Ví dụ, đối tượng chính của chúng ta sau đây là "hạt nano kim loại" trong đó "hạt" được phân loại theo hình dáng, "kim loại" được phân loại theo tính chất hoặc "vật liệu nano từ tính sinh học" trong đó cả "từ tính" và "sinh học" đều là khái niệm có được khi phân loại theo tính chất.

    III. HẠT NANO KIM LOẠI
    Hạt nano kim loại là một khái niệm để chỉ các hạt có kích thước nano được tạo thành từ các kim loại. Người ta biết rằng hạt nano kim loại như hạt nano vàng, nano bạc được sử dụng từ hàng ngìn năm nay. Nổi tiếng nhất có thể là chiếc cốc Lycurgus được người La Mã chế tạo vào khoảng thế kỉ thứ tư trước Công nguyên và hiện nay được trưng bày ở Bảo tàng Anh [3]. Chiếc cốc đó đổi màu tùy thuộc vào cách người ta nhìn nó. Nó có màu xanh lục khi nhìn ánh sáng phản xạ trên cốc và có màu đỏ khi nhìn ánh sáng đi từ trong cốc và xuyên qua thành cốc. Các phép phân tích ngày nay cho thấy trong chiếc cốc đó có các hạt nano vàng và bạc có kích thước 70 nm và với tỉ phần mol là 14:1. Tuy nhiên, phải đến năm 1857, khi Michael Faraday nghiên cứu một cách hệ thống các hạt nano vàng thì các nghiên cứu về phương pháp chế tạo, tính chất và ứng dụng của các hạt nano kim loại mới thực sự được bắt đầu. Khi nghiên cứu, các nhà khoa học đã thiết lập các phương pháp chế tạo và hiểu được các tính chất thú vị của hạt nano. Một trong những tính chất đó là màu sắc của hạt nano phụ thuộc rất nhiều vào kích thước và hình dạng của chúng. Ví dụ, ánh sáng phản xạ lên bề mặt vàng ở dạng khối có màu vàng. Tuy nhiên, ánh sáng truyền qua lại có màu xanh nước biển hoặc chuyển sang màu da cam khi kích thước của hạt thay đổi. Hiện tượng thay đổi màu sắc như vậy là do một hiệu ứng gọi là cộng hưởng plasmon bề mặt. Chỉ có các hạt nano kim loại, trong đó các điện tử tự do mới có hấp thụ ở vùng ánh sáng khả kiến làm cho chúng có hiện tượng quang học thú vị như trên. Ngoài tính chất trên, các hạt nano bạc còn được biết có khả năng diệt khuẩn. Hàng ngàn năm trước người ta thấy sữa để trong các bình bạc thì để được lâu hơn. Ngày nay người ta biết đó là do bạc đã tác động lên enzym liên quan đến quá trình hô hấp của các sinh vật đơn bào.

    IV. CHẾ TẠO HẠT NANO KIM LOẠI
    Có hai phương pháp để tạo vật liệu nano, phương pháp từ dưới lên và phương pháp từ trên xuống. Phương pháp từ dưới lên là tạo hạt nano từ các ion hoặc các nguyên tử kết hợp lại với nhau. Phương pháp từ trên xuống là phương pháp tạo vật liệu nano từ vật liệu khối ban đầu. Đối với hạt nano kim loại như hạt nano vàng, bạc, bạch kim,... thì phương pháp thường được áp dụng là phương pháp từ dưới lên. Nguyên tắc là khử các ion kim loại như Ag+, Au+ để tạo thành các nguyên tử Ag và Au. Các nguyên tử sẽ liên kết với nhau tạo ra hạt nano. Các phương pháp từ trên xuống ít được dùng hơn nhưng thời gian gần đây đã có những bước tiến trong việc nghiên cứu theo phương pháp này.

    1. Phương pháp ăn mòn laser
    Đây là phương pháp từ trên xuống [4]. Vật liệu ban đầu là một tấm bạc được đặt trong một dung dịch có chứa một chất hoạt hóa bề mặt. Một chùm Laser xung có bước sóng 532 nm, độ rộng xung là 10 ns, tần số 10 Hz, năng lượng mỗi xung là 90 mJ, đường kính vùng kim loại bị tác dụng từ 1-3 mm. Dưới tác dụng của chùm laser xung, các hạt nano có kích thước khoảng 10 nm được hình thành và được bao phủ bởi chất hoạt hóa bề mặt CnH2n+1SO4Na với n = 8, 10, 12, 14 với nồng độ từ 0,001 đến 0,1 M.

    2. Phương pháp khử hóa học
    Phương pháp khử hóa học là dùng các tác nhân hóa học để khử ion kim loại thành kim loại. Thông thường các tác nhân hóa học ở dạng dung dịch lỏng nên còn gọi là phương pháp hóa ướt. Đây là phương pháp từ dưới lên. Dung dịch ban đầu có chứa các muối của các kim loại như HAuCl4, H2PtCl6, AgNO3. Tác nhân khử ion kim loại Ag+, Au+ thành Ag0, Au0 ở đây là các chất hóa học như Citric acid, vitamin C, Sodium Borohydride NaBH4, Ethanol (cồn), Ethylene Glycol [5] (phương pháp sử dụng các nhóm rượu đa chức như thế này còn có một cái tên khác là phương pháp polyol). Để các hạt phân tán tốt trong dung môi mà không bị kết tụ thành đám, người ta sử dụng phương pháp tĩnh điện để làm cho bề mặt các hạt nano có cùng điện tích và đẩy nhau hoặc dùng phương pháp bao bọc chất hoạt hóa bề mặt. Phương pháp tĩnh điện đơn giản nhưng bị giới hạn bởi một số chất khử. Phương pháp bao phủ phức tạp nhưng vạn năng hơn, hơn nữa phương pháp này có thể làm cho bề mặt hạt nano có các tính chất cần thiết cho các ứng dụng. Các hạt nano Ag, Au, Pt, Pd, Rh với kích thước từ 10 đến 100 nm có thể được chế tạo từ phương pháp này.

    3. Phương pháp khử vật lí
    Phương khử vật lí dùng các tác nhân vật lí như điện tử [6], sóng điện từ năng lượng cao như tia gamma [7], tia tử ngoại [8], tia laser [9] khử ion kim loại thành kim loại. Dưới tác dụng của các tác nhân vật lí, có nhiều quá trình biến đổi của dung môi và các phụ gia trong dung môi để sinh ra các gốc hóa học có tác dụng khử ion thành kim loại. Ví dụ, người ta dùng chùm laser xung có bước sóng 500 nm, độ dài xung 6ns, tần số 10 Hz, công suất 12-14 mJ [9] chiếu vào dung dịch có chứa AgNO3 như là nguồn ion kim loại và Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) như là chất hoạt hóa bề mặt để thu được hạt nano bạc.

    4.Colloidal Silver Featured in the Wall Street Journal

    The powers of colloidal silver have been heralded for thousands of years only to be quieted by penicillin and other bacteria killers conjured up in the pharmaceutical labs, given Latin names and used to fight every bacterium originated disease known to man.
    The results of shunning this natural nano-si5A8zed (nano = one billionth of a meter) antibiotic has been that diseases have evolved to have a resistance to the man made antibiotics and now scientist are scrambling to find replacements for the antibiotics that have survived less than 100 years.
    There are critics that hypothesize that the large pharmaceutical companies are pressuring the regulatory agencies to prevent nano-sized silver products from being sold directly to the public without the giants taking their cut. Websites have sold silver nanoparticles in solution known as colloidal silver without the ability to mention what the product will cure or testimonials from those that have had positive results.
    Wall Street Journal announces that the War Against Germs Has Silver Lining.
    Curad USA, makers of hospital bandages lined with nano-silver particles now has released Curad Silver Bandages for the home use instead of a Band-aid. Curad claims that silver reduced bacterial growth like Staph. aureaus, E. coli, E. hirae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
    Samsung Electronics has introduced a refrigerator and new laundry washing machine that uses silver ions to sanitize the laundry and eliminate 99% of odor causing bacteria (sold at Lowes and Best Buy). Plank, a Boston company, has launched a new soap for Yoga users that lists silver as the main active ingredient. 5A8The company has a toothpaste and shampoo in R&D that is imbued with silver.
    Asia has become the largest consumer of products that uses the nano-silver as a antimicrobial ingredient. Colloidal silver is known to kill virus, is it possible they are guarding against bird flu?
    While some agencies strive to prevent you from buying colloidal silver online, the EPA is clear that we NOW have silver in our drinking supply and has, for health purposes established a daily reference dose for silver in drinking water at 350 micrograms (u.g) and a critical dose at 1400 u.g. In contrast, international health bodies, such as the World Health Organization, have not established such standards for silver since its toxicity is very low.
    Silver becomes more active against microbes when its made into small particles because they can cover more surface area when they come into direct contact with bacteria, according to Andrew Maynard, physicist and chief scientific adviser for studies on Emerging Nanotechnologies underway at Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington.
    Adidas, and Polartec have licensed silver coated nylon fabric known as X-Static (Noble Biomaterials Inc.) to incorporate antimicrobial silver in athletic and outdoor clothing for their ability to kill odors and promote thermal properties. Brooks Sports sells a line5A7 (HVAC) of socks, caps and shirts that use silver to differentiate them from all others.
    ARC Outdoors uses silver infused fabric from NanHorizon Inc. to produce antimicrobial socks for the U.S. military. SmartSilver is brand of odor-eliminating underwear, stocking caps and gloves that kills bacteria on contact using nano-silver. ARC sells to Wal-Mart, Bass ProShops, Cabelas and wants to expand to hospital products such as sheets and surgical scrubs.
    Sharper Image has introduced a plastic food storage container that is infused with nano-silver particles that they claim will keep food fresher, longer.
    So what diseases will colloidal silver display benefits for? Bacteria and virus are known to be killed by silver suspended in a liquid of nanoparticle size called colloidal silver. In addition to the bacterial growths like Staph. aureaus, E. coli, E. hirae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa mentioned by Curad and Maynard, yeast, fungus and virus have all died in tests using colloidal silver. So is yeast infection a yeast? Yes. Is ringworm a fungus? Yes. Is acne caused by bacteria? Yes. Is sinusitis caused by a bacteria infection? Yes. Is silver used in infants eyes? Yes. Is silver used for burn victims? Yes. Is colloidal silver an immune system support? Yes. Will colloidal silver be the answer for bird flu? Is bird flu a virus?

    Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=James_Zeller


              Jones & Company Beclown the Europhysics News        
    In terms of our usual metric, TTFLMO (time to first lie, mistake or omission) this one actually does pretty well; it is almost three paragraphs into the article.  Talking about why high-rise buildings usually do not collapse due to fires, they write:
    2) Most high-rises have fire suppression systems (water sprinklers), which further prevent a fire from releasing sufficient energy to heat the steel to a critical failure state;
    True enough as far as it goes, but it omits one critical detail: when WTC-2 (the South Tower) collapsed, it took the water mains with it, and thus there were no sprinklers running in WTC-1 and WTC-7 to prevent the fires from spreading.  As a practical matter, I suspect that the sprinklers in WTC-1 and WTC-2 were already not functioning after the plane impacts, but even if they were they would have been insufficient to put out the massive fires in those two buildings.

    But after that, the errors and omissions abound.  Next paragraph:

    3) Structural members are protected by fireproofing materials, which are designed to prevent them from reaching failure temperatures within specified time periods; and
    Ignores the obvious, which is that the impact of the plane debris stripped away a good deal of the fireproofing.  This is the usual Truther nonsense of focusing solely on the fires and not considering the enormous energy released by the two 757s (correction: 767s) when they hit the two towers.

    4) Steel-framed high-rises are designed to be highly redundant structural systems. Thus, if a localized failure occurs, it does not result in a disproportionate collapse of the entire structure.
    Which ignores the unusual tube-in-tube design of the towers, which were not as capable of shifting the enormous loads they encountered on 9-11 as conventional skyscrapers.

    The total collapse of WTC 7 at 5:20 PM on 9/11, shown in Fig. 2, is remarkable because it exemplified all the signature features of an implosion: The building dropped in absolute free fall for the first 2.25 seconds of its descent over a distance of 32 meters or eight stories [3]. Its transition from stasis to free fall was sudden, occurring in approximately one-half second. It fell symmetrically straight down. Its steel frame was almost entirely dismembered and deposited mostly inside the building’s footprint, while most of its concrete was pulverized into tiny particles. Finally, the collapse was rapid, occurring in less than seven seconds.
    All the signature features of an implosion?  Sorry, Dr Jones, but I have watched quite a few controlled demolition implosions of buildings before and there were several missing from WTC-7's collapse on 9-11:

    1. No deafening explosions of the shaped charges which (Jones admits) are usually used in controlled demolitions.

    2. No prior removal of the glass and other materials which might impede the collapse (not to mention the belongings inside the buiding.

    3. No miles of detonation cord as is commonly used to ensure the simultaneous (or nearly) loss of load-bearing supports to the building.

    And of course, when it comes to the towers, the usual focus on why the NIST report didn't go past the moment that collapse became inevitable:

    Whereas NIST did attempt to analyze and model the collapse of WTC 7, it did not do so in the case of the Twin Towers. In NIST’s own words, “The focus of the investigation was on the sequence of events from the instant of aircraft impact to the initiation of collapse for each tower....this sequence is referred to as the ‘probable collapsesequence,’ although it includes little analysis of the structural behaviour of the tower after the conditions for collapse initiation were reached and collapse became inevitable.”[5]
    Gee, I don't know, maybe it's because the collapse became, you know, inevitable?  After that, there are too many variables to really measure, but it doesn't really matter.

    Thus, the definitive report on the collapse of the Twin Towers contains no analysis of why the lower sections failed to arrest or even slow the descent of the upper sections—which NIST acknowledges “came down essentially in free fall” [5-6]—nor does it explain the various other phenomena observed during the collapses. When a group of petitioners filed a formal Request for Correction asking NIST to perform such analysis, NIST replied thatit was “unable to provide a full explanation of the total collapse” because “the computer models [were] not able to converge on a solution.”
     If NIST really acknowledges that the Twin Towers came down "essentially in free fall" then bad on them.  As for why the lower sections failed to arrest (they did slow) the descent of the upper floors, it is blindingly obvious: The floors were connected to the exterior and central columns of the building.  As the weight from above collapsed on each floor, it pulled in on the connections until they snapped on the exterior.  Very quickly the exterior portions of the building peeled away from the floors, leaving nothing to support them.  This is why you can see, in aerial photographs of the devastation, large sections of the exterior walls virtually intact.

    The references section contains four footnotes from JONES, and one from the ridiculous Bentham paper.  I hope that there will be some vigorous pushback on this article from the magazine's subscribers.
              Beauty || A budget Cleanser         


    I don't tend to change my skincare too often because I'm really very happy with the routine I have at the minute - it seems to be doing the trick and that's just fine with me. 
    However I have noticed that my skin's been looking a little blurgh, a bit tired and in need of an umph! 
    In Asda(this really is a budget buy) this brightly coloured cleanser caught my eyes especially as it's been compared to the Origins Ginzing cleanser  and at £2-4 it went straight into my basket. 
    This thick citrus gel has teeny tiny little micro-particles in which gently exfoliates the skin, leaving radant glowing skin. 
    This cleanser is great at giving you a lift when you wake up just feeling a little blurgh.
    Although I wouldn't recommend using it everyday as it can be a little drying. 
    This is definetly a budget cleanser worth checking out. 
    Available from your local super market or Superdrug( on offer for £2.66 at the minute )

               Particle size and radionuclide levels in some west Cumbrian soils         
    Livens, F.R.; Baxter, M.S.. 1988 Particle size and radionuclide levels in some west Cumbrian soils. Science of the Total Environment, 70. 1-17. 10.1016/0048-9697(88)90248-3
               Particles in orographic cloud and the indications of their transport to plant surfaces         
    Crossley, A.. 1988 Particles in orographic cloud and the indications of their transport to plant surfaces. In: Unsworth, M.H.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Acid deposition at high elevation sites. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, 453-464. (NATO ASI Series C: Math & Phys. Sci., 252).
              Dog Health Problems and Symptoms - The Three Most Common Revealed        

    A recent analysis of veterinary claims revealed the most common dog health problems, and below we'll take a look at what these are, and how you can recognise their symptoms. Remember to always consult your veterinarian for proper diagnoses and treatment.

    1. Ear Infections

    Ear Infections are the most common overall dog health problem reported by veterinarians, with an estimated 20% of dogs being affected. The severity, diagnosis and treatment can vary from dog to dog, so learning to recognize the symptoms, having them assessed by your veterinarian and administering the correct treatment will relieve your dogs suffering as quickly as possible.

    There are several signs of a dog ear infection:

    • A strange, often foul odor coming from the inner ear

    • Consistent scratching and rubbing of the ear and/or head

    • Discharge in the ear

    • Overall changes in behavior including depression, tiredness and irritability

    • Pain or tenderness of the entire ear area

    • Redness or swelling of the inner ear

    • Vigorous shaking of the head and tilting to a favored side

    Dog ear infections, however are widely varied and there are a number of different causes including allergies, foreign particles, heredity, hormonal imbalances, parasites and trauma.

    2. Skin Conditions

    Skin conditions are second in the list of common dog health problems. Your dog's skin is their body's largest organ and is reflective of your dog's overall health, both mental and physical, and can be affected by inside as well as outside sources. Because of this it can be difficult to determine what the exact cause of the problem might be.

    Dog skin conditions and dog skin disorders may show one or more of the following symptoms:

    • Chronic inflammation of the inner ear canal

    • Foul odor to the skin

    • Greasy coat

    • Hair loss

    • Itching- mild to severe

    • Large brown flakes

    • Pimples and blisters that may discharge blood or pus

    • Redness and irritation

    • Scabs or crusts

    • Very dry skin

    • Dog Warts

    Common Causes of dog skin conditions include parasites - (fleas, ticks, lice, mange, ringworm), poor quality food, toxic environmental pollutants, vaccinations, Atopic Dermatitis, psychological factors, and allergies

    While the exact cause will need to be diagnosed and treated, there are a number of things you can do to make your dog more comfortable, which include applying Aloe Vera or Milk of Magnesia to the affected area or giving your dog an Oatmeal Shampoo.

    3. Pyoderma/Hot Spots

    Hot Spots, are a dog health problem known as Moist Eczema or Acute Moist Pyoderma and are commonly called summer sores. The symptoms are suddenly appearing, wet, circular patches of infection on the skin which create intense itching and irritation. They can be very painful, often discharging pus and can spread very quickly. Hot Spots can spread very rapidly across the skin surface and beneath the fur so they may be difficult to see, although common symptoms will be your pet scratching, licking and biting. Hotspots can get much worse within a matter of hours, in some cases leading to an extremely painful situation.

    Treatment for hotspots involves drying the area, which may mean shaving the area of hair, to allow air space and healing. Daily cleaning of the Hot Spot with hydrogen peroxide, sterile saline or an astringent (preferably one with an antibiotic), every two-four hours for the first few days, will speed up the healing. Keep the area clean for at least a week, by which time you should see a clear improvement. Once they are no longer oozing, simply keeping the Hot Spot area clean will be all that's needed.

    Some dogs never have hotspots while others can't get rid of them, and they are often linked to allergies to diet or shampoo. Other factors commonly include flea or tick bites, matted hair and warm weather.

    It is vital that you learn to recognize the symptoms of dog health problems as your dog can't tell you when something is wrong. By being vigilant of your dog's behavior and overall wellbeing you will be able to pick up any signs, and solve their problems much quicker.

    Dog healthcare expert and author, Rebecca Prince has put together a complimentary report on the most common dog health problems so that you can learn how to recognize your dog's symptoms and treat them appropriately. To download it instantly visit http://www.dog-care101.com


    Dog Supplements | Dog Vitamins
              Cyber Security: When Crime goes Online        
    As life moves increasingly online, so do crime and fraud. This week, we uncover some personal secrets from a supposedly blank hard drive, find out how hackers can use baby monitors to spy on people and hear about the next generation of passwords. Plus, news of how Zika virus could be used to combat brain cancer and plans to build a bigger, stronger particle accelerator.
              Inside the Atom: 100 Years On        
    100 years since Rutherford split the atom, we investigate the secrets of the building blocks of our Universe. How can we harness the energy locked inside these particles, how have scientists been engineering brand new elements, and are we all the children of starlight? Plus, news of an anti-aging protein, a dinosaur family tree shake up and a new technique which can create millions of stem cells.
              Chasing Rainbows: The Quest to Understand Light        
    Is it a particle? Or is it a wave? This week we're looking at light. From its earliest origins and what it can reveal about the Big Bang, to why Newton prodded his eye with a needle to probe the origins of colour, how the brain decodes the visual world and bionic implants to reverse blindness. Plus, in the news, a revelation in the remarkable colour-changing capabilities of chameleons, how an ultrasound can combat Alzheimer's Disease, and what people do with their fingers following a handshake...
              Right Hand, Left Hand        
    How handedness spans the scientific world, from the smallest particles in the Universe to the drugs that cure disease and even the way you hold a pen, goes under the microscope this week as we explore the realms of asymmetry. Plus, in the news, the world's first synthetic chromosome, the goo that stops bones breaking, is there a giant planet lurking beyond Pluto, aircraft black boxes and anti-aphrodisiacs...
              Nanosized Science        
    This week we we zoom in on the subject of nano-particles to examine how tiny objects, smaller than the wavelength of light, can be making such large waves in the fields of health, optics, and electronics. Plus news of purple tomatoes on their way to your dinner plates, the medical treatment that could mean the end of peanut allergies, the acid dip that reverts cells to their stem state, and what's in the air in Beijing?
              Science of Sleep        
    What's the best way to catch 40 winks? We investigate the science of sleep, including why we need it and why do some people fall asleep at the wrong times? Jason Rhiel tell us how he investigates what makes us sleepy using zebrafish and Mick Hastings explains the effects of shift work on our health. Plus, in the news, nanoparticles deliver vaccines without needles, the 4,000 year old body perfectly preserved in a bog, an animal that can keep track of tides, a new nose grown on a forehead, and nurturing new neurones to treat Parkinson's...
              The Future of Digital Storage        
    What the future holds for digital data storage goes under the spotlight this week - how can we ensure that what we record today - on film, discs or up in the cloud - remains readable for years to come? Plus, news of what the Planck probe has revealed about the early Universe, giant squid, an update from the Mars Curiosity mission, eye implants and nanoparticles to track stem cells...
              Why Viruses Don't Infect the Same Cell Twice        
    Immune-manipulating parasites, bacterial genomes married to disease processes and viruses that bounce off already-infected cells make for an infectious episode of the Naked Scientists this week. Also up for analysis, why the eyes vote no to long space journeys; the problem with prostate cancer prediction; why nanoparticles trigger bacteria to breed superbugs and the contagious question of which cancers you can catch...
              Cheese Making and Cake Baking: The Chemistry of Cookery        
    We've whipped up an appetising take on the science of food and cooking for you this week. With a main course of cookery in the kitchen served up by a cake-baking physicist followed by a microbiological look at the cheese board and then the bacterial basis of the Best Before Date for dessert, this three-course scientific combo is an absolute academic feast. Also on the menu this week, how scientists are using brain scanners to reconstruct the movies we see in the mind's eye and we ask whether Einstein was wrong as scientists report particles apparently moving faster-than-light...
              AIDS to conquering HIV        
    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) goes under the microscope this week. We find out how the virus hijacks cells to construct new HIV particles and hear how close scientists are to developing a vaccine to block infection. In the news, we learn how bitter taste receptors in the lungs could lead to new asthma treatments, how our ancestors enjoyed some veg with their meat and how gene therapy could offer a way out of depression. Plus, how Lego is helping university students build a creative career in the world of engineering...
              Do animals use toilet paper?        
    We investigate the toilet habits of the animal kingdom this week as well as taking a pot shot at which way a dirty golf ball swings in mid air, answering whether warmer waters attract more sharks and if there's a genetic basis to intelligence. We also get an update on what geologists studying the recent earthquake in Haiti are learning from information beamed back from space, and how a new tech-driven initiative called Crisis Camps is helping to streamline aid efforts after a catastrophe. Plus, laser-sensitive nanoparticles that can help to identify tumours, the genome of a 4000 year old man and whether elephants can run...
              Naked Science Q & A Show        
    This week on the Naked Scientists we seek solutions to your science questions. From finding the site of the big bang to repairing the retina, mirages on the motorway to fruit fireworks in your microwave. We also find out why staying in bed could help you keep slim, we explore the genes that let flies get drunk, and discover the source of the so-called "Oh My God! Particles", which have 100 million times more energy than in our biggest particle accelerators. Also, we catch up with the latest in robotic cars and learn about the micro-microwave being used for analysis in the field. Plus, in a live Kitchen Science, Dave finds out when is the best time to add milk, and still have the hottest tea.
              Particle Physics Show        
    This week, we delve inside atoms to find out what matter is made of, and how smashing them together can tell us about the birth of the universe. We learn about quarks, antimatter and the 'god particle' and discover that scientists are actually trying to build a black hole in the lab! Also, nano-wires give us the world's smallest solar cells, we hear about glue from mussels that sticks to teflon and the genes that tell you when to wee. Plus Meera peers inside the Dead Sea scrolls without even having to unroll them, using x-rays called 'synchrotron light', and Ben and Dave show you how to conduct your own particle physics experiment, using an old TV set and a magnet!
              Robots and Artificial Intelligence        
    This week, robots have taken over the Naked Scientists! Okay, not really but we are looking into the world of robotics to find robots that can clean your floor, disarm bombs and wage war on our behalf. We find out about 'Curious George', a robot that can locate objects in the real world even though it's only ever seen them online, and ask if artificial intelligence will give us free thinking machines or murderous intellects? We also find out about how robots have revolutionised the study of genetics, learn about a mini movie showing the formation of blood platelets in real time, and uncover the oldest human remains ever found outside of Africa. Plus, we explore how a lightning strike acts as a particle accelerator, the science behind the perfect cake mix and in Kitchen Science Ben and Dave explain the principle behind a robot's knees - by showing you how to make an electromagnet!
              Naked Science Question and Answer and the World of Chemistry        
    With a new year comes a whole new stack of science questions to challenge Dr Chris, Dr Dave and Dr Kat. This week they explain where the sand in the Sahara comes from, whether mirrors can reflect x-rays, if it is dangerous to live near a phone mast, and whether splitting water could solve our energy problems. We are also joined by the editor of Chemistry World, Dr Mark Peplow, who talks about labs the size of a postage stamp, nanoparticles in exhaust fumes, and why putting milk in your tea might not be such a good idea, and sticking with chemistry, Dave Ansell discovers which household liquids will make dirty pennies look like new. In the fourth part of our series on science and colour, Anna Lacey finds out how wearing red could turn you into a world-class sportsperson.
              The Science of Nanotechnology        
    Picking apart some miniature morsels of science this week are David Carey, who provides the big picture on the world of nanotechnology, Donald Fitzmaurice describes how DNA may be used as scaffolding for the next generation of computer chips, we breach the boundaries between physics and biology as Stephen Webb discusses how new microscopes can see developing cancers at the nano-scale, and Neal Morgan explains how nanoparticles are stamping out stinky socks. Also on the show, Jim Clark digs up the ancestors of T. rex, and in Kitchen Science Derek and Dave dish the dirt on how gravy thickens.
              Gokaiger Mobirates and Gokai Cellular Codes Translations        
    As reported on MMPRToys Youtube Channel, Bigbadtoystore has Gokaiger Mobirates morphers in stock! BUT: These are not the Japanese versions - they are "Bandai Asia" versions They are essentially the "Legendary Mobilates" version, which is notorious for adding Codes, but more importantly deleteing codes!!! The one AT BBTS has the exact same casing as the original Mobirates -- but not the same soundboard. The sound is also lower than the original. Still, at $45, that's pretty good, considering how much the original Mobirates costs on ebay, and such. Click here for the Bandai Asia version. Click here for the Gokai Cellular.

    WARNING: I just got the Gokai Cellular and Mobirates in the mail from BBTS. The Mobirates, like warned, is the Bandai Asia version, and has lower volume. BUT - Its nothing compared to how much the Cellular (also Bandai Asia version) stinks. The volume is also lower - but to a bigger degree. Doesn't help that speaker placement is on the back, or the moving gears of the faux scanner. Yet, even facing you, I find myself putting my ear right up to the speaker. I'm really almost tempted to ask for a return! If you bought it, and want to return it - tell them that the listing (as of now, 7/31/2015) DOES NOT mention that its a Bandai Asia version. Get your money back, if desired. I'm, frankly, conflicted.

    Note, affordable Japanese Ranger Keys (coming in sets of 5), are available on Amazon.

    I ordered both the Mobirates and the Gokai Cellular -- and, not speaking Japanese, I wanted to know what the devices where saying, exactly.

    BUT, to my utter dismay, there is no good offical list of codes and translations online! There are PLENTY of Youtube videos -- but, when using these toys, I'd REALLY appreciate an actual list (in front of me) to read.

    So I went online to find as much info as I can. If I get anything wrong, please tell me. I'll try and denote differences between the Mobirates and Legendary/Bandai Asia Version.

    I got some of my info from the following places. CollectionDX Gokaiger Mobirates. ShuikenShinobi's review of Gokai Celluar. Eugene42181 Blog Legend Mobirates Translation. Henshin Kettai Mobirates Codes.

    Gokaiger Mobirates

    0001 - 0036 say the name of the team. To hear the second phrase, listed below, you have to enter a key.

    0001 - "Goranger"
    "Gonin Sorrote! Gooooranger!"
    [Five people assembled! Gooooooranger!]
    Press a third time to hear full team name

    0002 - "JAKQ"
    "Warera JAKQ! Dengekitai!"
    [We are JAKQ! Blizkrieg Squad!]

    0003 - "Battle Fever"
    "Battle Fever J!"

    0004 - "Denjiman"
    "Miyo! Denshi Sentai! Denziman!"
    [Behold! Electronic Sentai! Denziman!]

    0005 - "Sun Vulcan"
    "Kagayake! Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan!"
    [Shine! Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan!]

    0006 - "Goggle Five"
    "Tatakae! Dai Sentai! Goggle-V!"
    [Fight! Great Sentai! Goggle-V!]

    0007 - "Dynaman"
    "Kagaku Sentai! Dynaman!"
    [Scientific Sentai! Dynaman!]

    0008 - "Bioman"
    "1, 2, 3, 4, 5! Choudenshi Bioman!"
    [1, 2, 3, 4, 5! Super-Electronic Bioman!]

    0009 - "Changeman"
    "Dengeki Sentai! Changeman!
    [Electric Shock Sentai! Changeman!]

    0010 - "Flashman"
    "Choushinsei Flashman!"
    [Supernova Flashman!]

    0011 - "Maskman"
    "Hikari Sentai! Maskman!"
    [Laser (Light) Sentai! Maskman!]

    0012 - "Liveman"
    "Choujyuu Sentai! Liveman!"
    [Super Beast Sentai! Liveman!]

    0013 - "Turboranger"
    "Kousoku Sentai! Turboranger!"
    [High Speed Sentai! Turboranger!]

    0014 - "Fiveman"
    "Chikyuu Sentai! Fiveman!"
    [Earth Sentai! Fiveman!]

    0015 - "Jetman"
    "Choujin Sentai! Jetman!"
    [Bird-man Sentai! Jetman!]

    0016 - "Zyuranger"
    "Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger!"
    [Dinosaur Sentai Zyuranger!]

    0017 - "Dairanger"
    "Ten ni kagayaku itsuboshi! Gosei Sentai! Daiiiiranger!"
    [Blazing the sky are five stars! Gosei Sentai! Daiiiiranger!]

    0018 - "Kakuranger"
    "Hito ni kakurete aku o kiru! Ninja Sentai! Kakuranger!"
    [Hiding from people and slashing evil! Ninja Sentai! Kakuranger!]

    0019 - "Ohranger"
    "Chouriki Sentai! Ohranger!"
    [Super-Powered Sentai! Ohranger!]

    0020 - "Carranger"
    "Tatakau koutsuu anzen! Gekisou Sentai Caaaaaaranger!"
    [Fight for traffic safety! Gekisou Sentai! Caaaaaranger!]

    0021 - "Megaranger"
    "Denji Sentai! Megaranger!"
    [Electromagnetic Sentai! Megaranger!]

    0022 - "Gingaman"
    "Ginga wo tsuranuku densetsu no yaiba! Seijyuu Sentai! Ginnnnngaman!"
    [We pierce through the galaxy with legendary blades! Seijyuu Sentai! Ginnnnnngaman!]

    0023 - "Gogo V"
    "Hito no inochi wa chikyuu no mirai! Moeru rescue tamashii! Kyuukyuu Sentai! GoGoooooFive!"
    [People's lives are the future of the Earth! Burning rescue spirits! Kyuukyuu Sentai! GoGooooFive]

    0024 - "Timeranger"
    "Mirai Sentai! Timeranger! Jikan hogo hou ihan de taihosuru!"
    [Furture Sentai! Timeranger! You're under arrest for violating the Time Protection Law!]

    0025 - "Gaoranger"
    "Inochi aru tokoro seigi no otakebi ari! Hyakuju Sentai Gaoranger!"
    [Where there is life, there is a roar of justice! Hyakuju Sentai Gaoranger!]

    0026 - "Hurrcanger"
    "Hito mo shirazu yo mo shirazu, kage to narite aku o utsu! Ninpuu Sentai Hurrrrricaneger!"
    [Unknown even to others, unknown even to the world, we become shadows to defeat evil! Ninpuu Sentai Hurrrrricaneger!]

    0027 - "Abaranger"
    "Ababuru Dino Guts! Bakuryuu Sentai Abaaaaaranger!"
    [Turbulent/Malevolent/Tough/Wild Dino Guts! Bakuryuu Sentai Abaaaaaaranger!]

    0028 - "Dekaranger"
    "S.P.D.! Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger!"

    0029 - "Magiranger"
    "Afureru yuuki o mahou ni kaeru! Mahou Sentai Magiranger!"
    [This overflowing courage changes to magic! Mahou Sentai Magiranger!]

    0030 - "Boukenger"
    "Hate naki bouken spirits! GoGo Sentai! Bouuuuukenger!"
    [Endless adventuring spirits! GoGo Sentai Bouuuuukenger!]

    0031 - "Gekiranger"
    "Moetatsu Gekiwa seigi no akashi! Juken Sentai Gekiranger!"
    [Our blazing Geki is the proof of justice! Juken Sentai Gekiranger!]

    0032 - "Go-onger"
    "Seigi no Rōdo o tsukisusumu! Enjin Sentai Gōonjā"
    [Persevering on the Road of Justice! Engine Sentai Go-onger!]

    0033 - "Shinkenger"
    "Tenka gomen no Samurai Sentai! Shinkenjā, mairu!"
    [The Samurai Sentai authorized by providence! Shinkenger! Going Forth!]

    0034 - "Goseiger"
    "Hoshi o mamoru wa tenshi no shimei! Tensou Sentai! Gooooseiger!"
    [Protecting the planet is an Angel's duty! Tensou Sentai! Goooooseiger!]

    0035 - "Gokaiger"
    "Kaizoku Sentai Goookaiger!"

    0036 - "Go-Busters" {Legendary/Asia version only}
    "Tokumei Sentai Go-Busters!"

    0101 - "Akemashite Omedetou" [Happy New Year] {Phrase is different}
    Changed to: "Kyou Wa, Oshogatsu! Happy New Year! [Today is New Years! Happy New Year!]

    0120 - random beeping {Removed from Legendary/Asia version; ...I think. It does beeb error sound}

    0223 - "Minna! Konnichiwa!" [Good Afternoon everyone] {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    0414 - Special Mode plays back every sentai team name
    Supesyaru Moodo! Zen Sentai mei o yomiage! [Special Mode! Read the Names of all Sentai Out Loud!]

    0508 - "Okaasan, Otousan, Itsumo Arigatou!" [Mother, Father. Thank you always] can also be activated by entering 0619 {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    0730 -- "Super Hero Time! Gokaiger! Hajimaru zo!" [Super Hero Time! Gokaiger! Begins!] {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    0833 -- "Minna! Oyasumi!" [Good Night, Everyone] {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    0840 - "Minna! Ohaiyou!" [Good Morning, Everyone] {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    1111 - "Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger" {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    0223 - "Mina, konichiwa!" ["Hello, everyone!"] {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    0508 - "Okaa-san! Otou-san! Itsumo arigato!" ["Mother! Father! Thank you always!"] (NOTE: 0619 provides the same response.) {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    5081 - "Gokaiger! Ouen Yoroshiku!" ["Nice to meet you, Gokaiger!"] {Removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    5501 - "Hasshin! Gokai Galleon!..." ["Launch Gokai Galleon!"]  {I believe this was removed from Legendary/Asia version}

    0120 - [Gokaiger ring-tone automatically sounds three times, as opposed to singly when the ENTER key is pressed by itself without entering a code first]

    0101 - Kyou Wa, Oshogatsu! Happy New Year! {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is New Years! Happy New Year!]

    0203 - Kyou wa, setsubun! Fukuoji Omiwasato! {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is Setsubun (end of winter holiday)!]

    0214- Kyou wa, barentine's dee! Suki na ko iru? {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is Valentina's Day! Is there a Girl you Like?]

    0314- Kyou wa, howaito dee! Suki no ko iru? {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is White Day! Is there a Girl you like?]

    0505- Kyou wa, kodomo no hi! Okiku natta ne. {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is Children's Day! You grew up!]

    0707- Kyou wa, tanabete! Amanogawa, mieru ka na? {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is Tanabata! (Weaver Festival) I wish you could see the Milky Way!]

    1031- Kyou wa, harowin! Okaski moratta? {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is Halloween! Did you get Candy?]

    1115- Kyou wa, shichigosan! Okiku natta ne! {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is Shichi-Go-San (7-5-3) You grew up!]

    1224 - "Merry Christmas" {This changed to a longer phrase, denoting Christmas Eve}
    Changed to: Kyou wa, Kurisumasu Ibu! Santa Kurouzu kuru ka na? Tanoshimi!
    [Today is Christmas Eve! Did Santa Clause come? Fun!]

    1225- Kyou wa, Kurisumas! Yuk wa furu ka na furu ka na? {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is Christmas! Will it snow? Will it snow?]

    1231- Kyou wa, Oomisoka! Koto mo minna, ichinen, arigatou! {Legendary/Asia Only}
    [Today is New Year's Eve! Thank you all for this Year!]

    {The Following where removed from the Bandai Asia and Legend Mobilates Versions}
    1992 - "Gattai! Daizyujin! Tatakae!" [Combine! Daizyujin! Fight!]
    2001 - "Gattai! GaoKing! Hasshin!" [Combine! Gaoking! Launch!]
    2002 - "Gattai! Senpuujin! Ganbare!" [Combine! Senpuujin! Good Luck!]
    2003 - "Gattai! Abarenoh! Gabare!" [Combine! Abarenoh! Good luck!]
    2004 - "Gattai! Dekaranger Robo! Ikuze!" [Combine! Dekaranger Robo! Lets Go!]
    2005 - "Gattai! Magiking! Ganbare!" [Combine! Magiking! Good Luck!]
    2008 - "Gattai! Engineoh! Tatakae!" [Combine! Engineoh! Fight!]
    2009 - "Gattai! Shinkenoh! Hasshin!" [Combine! Shinkenoh! Launch!]
    2010 - "Gattai! Gosei Great! Ikuze!" [Combine! Gosei Great! Lets go!]
    2011 - "Gattai! Gokaioh! Tatakae!" [Combine! Gokaioh! Fight!]
    2222 - "Ikuze! Gokaioh!" [Lets go! Gokaioh!]
    3333 - "GokaiMachine! Gokai Ni-Hasshin!" [GokaiMachine! Heroic Launch!]
    4444 - "Ranger Key wo ippai Irete Mawasou!"
    5091 - "Hasshin! GokaiMachine!" [Launch! GokaiMachine!]
    5555 - "Tatakae! Gokaioh!" [Fight! Gokaioh!]
    6666 - "Atarashi Senshi no toujouda! Minna! Ouen Yoroshiku!" [Everyone! A new warrior has arrived! Nice to meet you!]
    7777 - "Super Sentai Series! Minna! Ouen Yoroshiku!" [Super Sentai Series! Everyone! Nice to meet you!]
    8888 - "Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger! Ouen Yoroshiku!" [Pirate Sentai Gokaiger! Nice to meet you!]
    9999 - "Tatakae! Gokaiger!" [Fight Gokaiger!]
    9130 - "Data Cardass! Super Sentai Battle Dice-O!"

    Entering Keys

    AkaRed Key
    Densetsu no Aka Senshi!
    [The Legendary Red Warrior]

    The 5 Gokaiger Keys (Red,Blue, Green, Yellow and Pink)
    Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger! Hade ni ikuze! [Let's make this showy!]
    Also gives individual colored names. No other Team Key Set does this. {Original Version Only}

    Gokai Silver Key
    Gokaiger?
    Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger?
    Here comes the New Warrior! {Original Version Only}

    Gingin ni ikuze! [Let's do this enthusiastically I am on the Silver Spotlight!] {Bandai Asia/Legendary Version}

    Entering a Kamen Rider OOO Key
    {This changed, removing name Kamen Rider, I think}

    0000
    {Original Version Only}
    This enters Versus Mode. It should say a phrase, and then expect you to enter two keys (one after another). If you put in two Rangers (example, Go-On Red and Shinken Red), it will confirm that they where in a versus movie.

    0000
    {Legendary/Asia Version only}
    Enters Sentai Encyclopedia mode
    Enter a Key, and it will say the name and give a short blurb about the series

    Here are the translations for what you hear when you use these keys

    Super Sentai Shiraberu Moodo!
    [Super Sentai Examine (Investigation) Mode!]

    Goranger-The First Super Sentai, who fight the Black Cross Army.
    JAKQ - Cyborg Warriors made by the ISSIS.
    Battle Fever - Warriors who Fight using the world's Dances
    Denjiman - Warriors who fight using Planet Denji's science.
    Sun Vulcan - Warriors who fight with the Power of the Sky, Sea, and Land.
    Goggle V - Warriors who fight using rhythmic gymnastics.
    Dynaman - Young Scientists who fight against evil.
    Bioman - Warriors who fight with Bodies brimming with bio particles.
    Changeman - Warriors who fight with the Power of legendary beasts.
    Flashman - Warriors who fight with the Power of the Prism.
    Maskman - Warriors who transform and fight using Aura Power.
    Liveman- Warriors who fight using weapons made by science.
    Turboranger - High School Students Chosen as warriors to protect the earth.
    Fiveman - All Five are Teachers in School and Siblings.
    Jetman - Warriors who fight using Birdonice Waves.
    Zyuranger - Warriors who fight alongside Guardian Beast.
    Dragonranger - The Brother of the Tyranno Ranger.
    Dairanger - Warriors who Transformed using chi Power.
    Kakuranger - Decedents of Ninjas who Fight Using ninpo Power.
    Ohranger - Warriors who fight using the Super Power of an Ancient Civilization.
    Carranger - Warriors who Transform and Fight Using Carmagic Power.
    Megaranger - Warriors who protect the Earth from the Invasion of Nejire Beasts.
    Gingaman - Legendary Warriors who Fight with the Power of Earth.
    GoGo V - The Rescue Team who Fights the Calamity Demon Clan.
    Timeranger - Warriors who Fight against enemies who fled from the future.
    Gaoranger - Warriors who fight alongside Power Animals.
    Hurricaneger - Warriors who Fight with Ninjutsu and Science combined, Chou-Ninpo.
    Goraiger - Warriors who fight with Jinrai-Style Ninpo.
    Shurikenger - The ultimate ninja Mastered Hayate-Style and Ikazuchi-Style Ninpo.
    Abaranger - Warriors who fight alongside Bakuryuu using Dino Guts.
    Dekaranger - Space Police Detectives who Fight Space Criminals.
    Magiranger - Siblings who fight using the Power of Magic.
    Boukenger - Adventurers who fight to protect Precious.
    Gekiranger - Warriors who Fight using Geki Jyuken.
    Go-Onger - Warriors who fight alongside engines against polluting enemies.
    Go-On Wings - Siblings Fight alongside Go-Onger
    Shinkenger - Samurai who Fight using Mojikara and Origami.
    Goseiger - Gosei Angels who fight using Tensou Techniques.
    Gosei Knight - The Warrior who awakened from 10,000 year sleep to fight alongside Goseiger.
    Gokaiger - Space Pirates who fight the Space Empire Zangyack.
    Go-Busters - New Heroes who fight alongside Buddyroids.
    AkaRed - The Mysterious warrior who inherits the soul of red.

    Gokai Silver's Gokai Cellular

    Enter Phone Mode by Pressing GokaiSilver's Face Twice (the second button). You'll hear "Denwa Mode", or "Phone Mode" Then you can enter codes, always ending with pressing GoseiKnight's face (the first button) to confirm your code selection.

    123 or 321
    Gooooookai Silver Onen yoroshiku! [Gooookai Silver! Best of luck!]

    456 or 654
    Goooookai Spear!

    789 or 987
    Goooookai Silver! Gold Mooooode!

    444 or 414
    Gooooookai ni tatakae! Gooookai Silver! [Fight with heroism! Gooookai Silver!]

    500
    Goooookaiger?

    194 or 491
    Goooooookai Spear! Anchor Moooooode! Gokai ni ikuze! [Goooookai Spear! Anchor Mooooode! Let's do it heroically!]

    555
    Let's Go! Gooookaiger!

    777 or 258
    Goooookai Spear! Gun Mooooode! Gokai ni hanate! [Gooookai Spear! Gun Mooooode! Heroic Shot!]

    084 or 840
    Good Morning! Gokai ni orkiro! [Good Morning! Wake up and be a hero!]

    666 or 333
    Goooookaiger! Hade ni ouen yoroshiku! [Goooookaiger! Give them your best cheer!]

    999 or 833
    Tearai iu gai wasureru na yo! [Don't forget to wash your hands and gargle!]

    000
    Hasshin! GoZyuDrill! [Launch! GoZyuDrill!]

    222
    GoZyuRex!

    888
    GoZyuJin!

    422
    Special Mooooode! [Says names of all the 6th Rangers in a Row, though mixing up order of Shinken Gold and Go-On Wings]

    880 or 889
    Haya oshi game! Gokai ni start! [Fast Press Game! Heroic Start!]
    This enter you into a game mode, where you press the corresponding Ranger with the correct name.

              Fox McCloud and the gang return to save the Lylat system        


    An adequate update to a yet another Nintendo classic. It would seem Nintendo wanted to fill the gap between their newer releases with a couple of easy updates to classic N64 games, filling the void somewhat for the lackluster launch of the handheld. My first encounter with Fox McCloud began with Starfox 64 when I was about seven years old, so I have a fair amount of nostalgia with this gem. 

    The original Star Fox for the SNES brought a brand new chip titled, “Super FX,” giving the game 3D-like visuals. Nintendo originally had planned a sequel, but due to the Nintendo 64’s upcoming launch, they decided to scrap the idea and upgrade Star Fox 2. Thus spawned one of the N64’s greatest hits.

    A rough image of the original title screen.

    Like most traditional Star Fox games, Star Fox 64 consists mainly of air combat and on-rails gameplay. You’ll be finding secret passage ways, gunning down bogies, fighting tough bosses, and making sure you don’t crossfire with friendly teammates, all of which are Star Fox’s standard conventions.

    Like many Nintendo games, the universe of Star Fox is a mysterious one. The premise behind it is just bizarre. Think about it, talking animals in space, piloting aircraft to defeat a mad scientist named Andross. However, Nintendo does give a deeper fiction to Star Fox 64, such as the other various battles taking place across the Lylat system, just like the first entry in the series.

    The main character, Fox, is a mercenary leader of the group plainly named; Star Fox. His crew consists of a falcon named Falco, Slippy the frog, Peppy Hare, and ROB 64, the pilot of their main ship the Great Fox. The game also contains many other characters, such as a rival gang assisting Andross, known as Star Wolf.  You’ll come in contact with them a few times as they attempt to prevent you from reaching their master by simply destroying Fox McCloud and his crew.

    The crew prepping for launch.

    Before heading out on this adventure, the development team presented a nice, short introductory explaining the situation before setting out. The journey begins on Corneria, a populated city being decimated by Andross’s forces. As you dispatch numerous foes, you’ll progress through a series of short 5-10 minute levels. Depending on what special occurrences you trigger in the previous level, the game will divert you to different courses.

    There are three main pathways shown on the overview map before stating a mission, and each path has nearly five levels. I’ve heard that the three pathways serve asramping up the challenge in the stages. Following blue line is the easiest choice, while yellow is medium and red for the toughest route. 

    Fox, being the talented pilot he is, has several aerial tricks up his sleeve. Aside from the famous barrel roll, Fox can also perform a somersault and the basic skills of boosting and braking, a standard amount of mechanics for a 2011 handheld title.

    Besides the Arwing, the Landmaster will accompany you on a couple of ground-based operations Fox sets forth on, and even a submarine for an underwater segment.

    The barrel roll in action! Also note programmers placed the character’s portraits and text conveniently on the bottom screen. No longer will they obscure your view.

    As you fight the diverse array of enemies during your journey, you’ll probably have to make repairs to your vehicle. Instead of making a pit stop or slowly regenerating health, you’ll fly through silver rings to repair your Arwing or Landmaster. If you manage to collect three golden rings as you progress, your heath bar will expand to twice the current size, partly healing you. There are other collectibles too, such as the remote detonating bomb, and damage increasing laser upgrades.

    N64 wasn’t notorious for its soundtracks, very few of its titles stood out like the 8-16 bit chiptunes of the N64’s predecessor. However, the music in Star Fox 64 sounds cinematic at times. Fitting to the atmosphere and science fiction of the series. Passing through rings, checkpoints, or simply firing your lasers and setting off bombs, all complement the surrounding tone of Star Fox 64.

    In 1997, the voice acting was great for its time, a mere handful of video games had voice actors around that era. The quality of the acting is laughable at times, from the screams of dying bosses to Slippy’s often grating voice, but lines like “do a barrel roll!” gave Star Fox 64 memorable and endearing quotes.

    Since this is a remake of a classic title, there are some remarkable updates to sway you away from the original game. The largest one concerns the upgraded graphics. The addition of wireless multiplayer is also great, but it is limited to local only. Download play is available too, but I feel the lack of online multiplayer was a wasted opportunity. The 3D enhancement looks fantastic, giving the game some interesting camera angles and a great sense of depth.

    The upgraded textures also made this title’s appearance seem like a 2011 handheld game. It really is an improvement over the original. I’ve grown accustom to the level of environment and particle detail the 3DS can manage. 

    Sorry IGN, can I borrow this for a second?

    Notice how the ground is no longer a disgusting pile of green filth. The dark, grim lighting is now bright and vivid. Textures have impressive amount of detail in 3DS version. Unfortunately, I could not find better images.

    The new gyro-scope control scheme doesn’t bode well enough with the 3D display. However, if you’re someone who dislikes the fixed 3D feature, the gyro controls can be interesting to experiment with, but I doubt you’ll find it useful.

    Star Fox 64’s main drawback is the length. The game’s first playthrough will last approximately 40 minutes. There is some replayability with the other branching paths, though. Revisiting the levels to see how differently they unfold is worth playing through multiple times. As I said, figuring out certain triggers that’ll let you progress to the other stages is a great factor in the replayability.

    Star Fox 64 is a perfect fit for the 3DS. Playing in short bursts is a great way to experience the enjoyable on-rails gameplay, plus the portability over the original is a major bonus. The graphical updates are a very nice touch, and really the only major improvement.

    Fans who’ve already played only incentive to purchase the 3DS version is the visual upgrade. A trip down memory lane without reminding you how dated the graphics are.

    I remember Star Fox 64 being a blast in 1997, even if I was terrible at the game. In 2011 I found myself adoring it just as much. For those who haven’t played the original, own a 3DS, and are looking to extend their time with their handheld, I’d say go for it.

    -Another Matthew

    Edited by iDreamRunner

    EDIT: Fixed the images!

     


              Polypropylene film for capacitors for sale (no replies)        
    1. Features
    With the imported super-high purity electric homopolymerize PP resin , it is formed through biaxial stretching, which has features of good uniformity of roughness film, easy rolling and high operation field strength; meanwhile, as for the corona treatment to the roughness film, the wrapped capacitor has small dielectric loss and high insulation resistance.

    2. Applications
    It can be used in rough film capacitor including the manufacturing of medium and high pressure capacitor and capacitor transformer etc. in the reactive power compensation, equalizing, filtering, coupling of the transmission and transforming system; also due to the corona treatment to the rough film, it can be used for metalized film capacitor such as the DC support and filtering capacitor etc.

    3. Packing
    After slitting and inspection, every roll of the thin film will be packed with PP plastic bags and drying agent to avoid the powder, particles and moisture. Both the two sides of the roll are fixed with foam spacer, support pad and end cap to avoid squeezing during the transportation, and are packed, baled and stacked with cartons, which will be twisted with plastic thin film to avoid powder, particle and moisture.

    4. Storage
    The film roll should be stored without any forms of shake in a dry and cool place with the temperature no more than 30?; it cannot be stored for too long time, otherwise the using property of the film will be influenced; once it is stored over 1 year, please re-evaluate all properties of the film roll.

    metalized film wholesale metalized film wholesale
    AC motor capacitor suppliers AC motor capacitor suppliers
    motor run capacitor manufacturers motor run capacitor manufacturers
    electrolytic capacitors manufacturers China electrolytic capacitors manufacturers China
              An Introduction to Data Mining for Marketing and Business Intelligence        
    I spent the last few weeks digging deeper into time series-related methods and data mining methods. For this post, I have decided to write a broad introduction related to the latter (data mining), since it may look more practical and also trendier than time-series (but watch out with the emergence of Particle Filtering and other ...
              The Shrine / An Argument        

    Music: Fleet Foxes
    Album: Helplessness Blues
    Director: Sean Pecknold
    Animators: Sean Pecknold & Britta Johnson
    Character Illustrations: Stacey Rozich
    Art Assistant: Natalie Jenkins
    Producer: Aaron Ball
    Multiplane: Greg Pecknold
    Post/Edit : Sean Pecknold
    Particle FX: Britta Johnson
    AE Assist: Austin Wilson
    Sound FX: Shervin Shaeri
    Story: Sean Pecknold
    Labels: Bella Union & Sub Pop
    Made in Portland, Oregon
    Made with Dragonframe

    Please watch in HD with headphones or speakers and full screen if you really want to get crazy.

    Cast: Sean Pecknold

    Tags: Fleet Foxes, animation, stop-motion, sean pecknold, stacey rozich, britta johnson, The Shrine / An Argument, multiplane, Sub Pop, Bella Union and puppets


              Blood Particles Show 'the Turin Shroud is Not Fake'        
    A groundbreaking discovery on the Shroud of Turin is leading some to believe it is the actual burial cloth of Jesus Christ. 
               Core-coupled states and split proton-neutron quasiparticle multiplets in 122-126Ag         
    Lalkovski, S., Bruce, Alison, Jungclaus, A., Gorska, M., Pfützner, M., Cáceres, L., Naqvi, F., Pietri, S., Podolyak, Zs., Simpson, G.S., Andgren, K., Bednarczyk, P., Beck, T., Benlliure, J., Benzoni, G., Casarejos, E., Cederwall, B., Crespi, F.C.L., Cuenca-García, J.J., Cullen, I.J., Denis Bacelar, Ana M., Detistov, P., Doornenbal, P., Farrelly, G.F., Garnsworthy, A.B., Geissel, H., Gelletly, W, Geri, J., Grebosz, J., Hadinia, B., Hellström, M., Hinke, C., Hoischen, R., Ilie, G., Jaworski, G., Jolie, J., Khaplanov, A., Kisyov, S., Kmiecik, M., Kojouharov, I., Kumar, R., Kurz, N., Maj, A., Mandal, S., Modamio, V., Montes, F., Myalski, S., Palacz, M., Prokopowicz, W., Reiter, P., Regan, P.H., Rudolph, D., Schaffner, H., Sohler, D., Steer, S.J., Tashenov, S., Walker, J., Walker, P.M., Weick, H., Werner-Malento, E., Wieland, O., Wollersheim, H.J. and Zhekova, M. (2013) Core-coupled states and split proton-neutron quasiparticle multiplets in 122-126Ag Physical Review C, 87 (3). ISSN 0556-2813
              Living In A Shadow        

    When your grandparents/parents are really famous scientists, it makes you wonder how much you're going to live in their shadows.

    My grandmother was one of the main chemists that looked at the effect of additional ethyl groups on boiling point. Her work at Emory during the early 50s is now so incorporated into the way people understand organic chemistry that it is standard. For years, she was one of the people at NSF that decided who received funding. She presented and reviewed individuals presenting their research at the national academy of sciences. She taught more than 10,000 students in her time as a professor, and was head of the Phi Beta Kappa chapters everywhere she taught. She talks of all these famous theoretical and quantum physicists she knew and worked with as both fellow presenters and publication reviewers. In a conversation with her about neutrinos she smiled and laughed, recalling talking with Enrico Fermi and Wolfgang Pauli (on individual occasions, not sure if she had them in the same room) about the possibility of this atomic particle existing.

    And then you look at my grandfather. He (and my grandmother) personally knew Albert Einstein, and he worked with him during the late 1940s/early 1950s. He personally knew and worked with Dr. Richter. He was one of the lead scientists that worked on the development of tectonic theory and spent most of his life doing research on plate movement and its impact on weather patterns. He was Chairman of the National Academy of Sciences and helped design the Smithsonian Natural History museum geology section.

    While I realize it is silly to feel like you're always going to live beneath the shadows of great scientists, and on rare occasion has my grandmother ever made comment to my achievements or awards in comparison to them, but sometimes... when I look at what I'm doing in comparison to what they did in their lifetimes for their scientific fields alone (not including the rest of it), I wonder "Why haven't I done what they'd done by my age?"  and I wonder why I'm not as generalized as they were, working with these amazing and great scientists. This small part of me sits insecurely, constantly wondering if I will ever live up to my name or if I will just keep hiding from my association with their work. It's as though instead of being proud of what they achieved, I see it as a burden on my ability to excel in the world of academia due to the nepotistic judgement on the family members of scientists.

    At least I'm not a physicist in that regard (though a small part of me wonders why I'm not). 

    Please forgive the insecure ramblings. 


              Push Button, Receive Beverage!        

    Here’s a rec-room ready hack: an automatic drink dispenser.

    [truebassB]’s dispenser operates around a 555 timer, adjusted by a potentiometer. Push a button and a cup pours in a few seconds, or hold the other button to dispense as much as you want.

    The dispenser is made from MDF and particle board glued together, with some LEDs and paper prints to spruce it up. Just don’t forget a small spill sink for any miscalculated pours. You needn’t fret over the internals either, as the parts are easily acquired: a pair of momentary switches, a 12V micro air pump, a brass …read more


              Homogenate extraction of isoflavones from soybean meal by orthogonal design        
    Title: Homogenate extraction of isoflavones from soybean meal by orthogonal design Authors: Zhu, Xing-Yi; Lin, Hai-Min; Xie, Jie; Chen, Shan-Shan; Wang, Ping Abstract: Factors that affect yield of isoflavones extracted from soybean meal by using homogenate extraction method were studied byorthogonal design experiment [L9(34)]. Optimum extraction conditions were found as follows: sample particle size, 60 mesh;ethanol concentration, 60%; extraction time, 50 s; ratio of material to liquid, 1 g: 20 ml; and yield of isoflavones, 0.52 ± 0.01%.Compared with traditional heat refluxing extraction method, yield of homogenate extraction was 29.3% higher, and extraction timewas significantly shortened. Page(s): 455-460
              Papers: ICML2017 workshop on Implicit Models        
    The organizers (David Blei, Ian Goodfellow, Balaji Lakshminarayanan, Shakir Mohamed, Rajesh Ranganath, Dustin Tran ) made the papers of the ICML2017 workshop on Implicit Models available here:

    1. A-NICE-MC: Adversarial Training for MCMC Jiaming Song, Shengjia Zhao, Stefano Ermon
    2. ABC-GAN: Adaptive Blur and Control for improved training stability of Generative Adversarial Networks Igor Susmelj, Eirikur Agustsson, Radu Timofte
    3. Adversarial Inversion for Amortized Inference Zenna Tavares, Armando Solar Lezama
    4. Adversarial Variational Inference for Tweedie Compound Poisson Models Yaodong Yang, Sergey Demyanov, Yuanyuan Liu, Jun Wang
    5. Adversarially Learned Boundaries in Instance Segmentation Amy Zhang
    6. Approximate Inference with Amortised MCMC Yingzhen Li, Richard E. Turner, Qiang Liu
    7. Can GAN Learn Topological Features of a Graph? Weiyi Liu, Pin-Yu Chen, Hal Cooper, Min Hwan Oh, Sailung Yeung, Toyotaro Suzumura
    8. Conditional generation of multi-modal data using constrained embedding space mapping Subhajit Chaudhury, Sakyasingha Dasgupta, Asim Munawar, Md. A. Salam Khan and Ryuki Tachibana
    9. Deep Hybrid Discriminative-Generative Models for Semi-Supervised Learning Volodymyr Kuleshov, Stefano Ermon
    10. ELFI, a software package for likelihood-free inference Jarno Lintusaari, Henri Vuollekoski, Antti Kangasrääsiö, Kusti Skyten, Marko Järvenpää, Michael Gutmann, Aki Vehtari, Jukka Corander, Samuel Kaski
    11. Flow-GAN: Bridging implicit and prescribed learning in generative models Aditya Grover, Manik Dhar, Stefano Ermon
    12. GANs Powered by Autoencoding — A Theoretic Reasoning Zhifei Zhang, Yang Song, and Hairong Qi
    13. Geometric GAN Jae Hyun Lim and Jong Chul Ye
    14. Gradient Estimators for Implicit Models Yingzhen Li, Richard E. Turner
    15. Implicit Manifold Learning on Generative Adversarial Networks Kry Yik Chau Lui, Yanshuai Cao, Maxime Gazeau, Kelvin Shuangjian Zhang
    16. Implicit Variational Inference with Kernel Density Ratio Fitting Jiaxin Shi, Shengyang Sun, Jun Zhu
    17. Improved Network Robustness with Adversarial Critic Alexander Matyasko, Lap-Pui Chau
    18. Improved Training of Wasserstein GANs Ishaan Gulrajani, Faruk Ahmed, Martin Arjovsky, Vincent Dumoulin, Aaron Courville
    19. Inference in differentiable generative models Matthew M. Graham and Amos J. Storkey
    20. Joint Training in Generative Adversarial Networks R Devon Hjelm, Athul Paul Jacob, Yoshua Bengio
    21. Latent Space GANs for 3D Point Clouds Panos Achlioptas, Olga Diamanti, Ioannis Mitliagkas, Leonidas Guibas
    22. Likelihood Estimation for Generative Adversarial Networks Hamid Eghbal-zadeh, Gerhard Widmer
    23. Maximizing Independence with GANs for Non-linear ICA Philemon Brakel, Yoshua Bengio 
    24. Non linear Mixed Effects Models: Bridging the gap between Independent Metropolis Hastings and Variational Inference Belhal Karimi
    25. Practical Adversarial Training with Empirical Distribution Ambrish Rawat, Mathieu Sinn, Maria-Irina Nicolae
    26. Recursive Cross-Domain Facial Composite and Generation from Limited Facial Parts Yang Song, Zhifei Zhang, Hairong Qi
    27. Resampled Proposal Distributions for Variational Inference and Learning Aditya Grover, Ramki Gummadi, Miguel Lazaro-Gredil, Dale Schuurmans, Stefano Ermon
    28. Rigorous Analysis of Adversarial Training with Empirical Distributions Mathieu Sinn, Ambrish Rawat, Maria-Irina Nicolae
    29. Robust Controllable Embedding of High-Dimensional Observations of Markov Decision Processes Ershad Banijamali, Rui Shu, Mohammad Ghavamzadeh, Hung Bui
    30. Spectral Normalization for Generative Adversarial Network Takeru Miyato, Toshiki Kataoka, Masanori Koyama, Yuichi Yoshida
    31. Stabilizing the Conditional Adversarial Network by Decoupled Learning Zhifei Zhang, Yang Song, and Hairong Qi
    32. Stabilizing Training of Generative Adversarial Networks through Regularization Kevin Roth, Aurelien Lucchi, Sebastian Nowozin & Thomas Hofmann
    33. Stochastic Reconstruction of Three-Dimensional Porous Media using Generative Adversarial Networks Lukas Mosser, Olivier Dubrule, Martin J. Blunt
    34. The Amortized Bootstrap Eric Nalisnick, Padhraic Smyth 
    35. The Numerics of GANs Lars Mescheder, Sebastian Nowozin, Andreas Geiger
    36. Towards the Use of Gaussian Graphical Models in Variational Autoencoders Alexandra Pește, Luigi Malagò
    37. Training GANs with Variational Statistical Information Minimization Michael Ghaben
    38. Unpaired Image-to-Image Translation using Cycle-Consistent Adversarial Networks Jun-Yan Zhu*, Taesung Park*, Phillip Isola, Alexei A. Efros
    39. Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Using Approximate Label Matching Jordan T. Ash, Robert E. Schapire, Barbara E. Englhardt
    40. Variance Regularizing Adversarial Learning Karan Grewal, R Devon Hjelm, Yoshua Bengio
    41. Variational Representation Autoencoders to Reduce Mode Collapse in GANs Akash Srivastava, Lazar Valkov, Chris Russell, Michael U. Gutmann, Charles Sutton


    Dougal Sutherland, Evaluating and Training Implicit Generative Models with Two-Sample Tests
    Samples from implicit generative models are difficult to judge quantitatively: particularly for images, it is typically easy for humans to identify certain kinds of samples which are very unlikely under the reference distribution, but very difficult for humans to identify when modes are missing, or when types are merely under- or over-represented. This talk will overview different approaches towards evaluating the output of an implicit generative model, with a focus on identifying ways in which the model has failed. Some of these approaches also form the basis for the objective functions of GAN variants which can help avoid some of the issues of stability and mode-dropping in the original GAN.
    Kerrie Mengerson, Probabilistic Modelling in the Real World
    Interest is intensifying in the development and application of Bayesian approaches to estimation of real-world processes using probabilistic models. This presentation will focus on three substantive case studies in which we have been involved: protecting the Great Barrier Reef in Australia from impacts such as crown of thorns starfish and industrial dredging, reducing congestion at international airports, and predicting survival of jaguars in the Peruvian Amazon. Through these examples, we will explore current ideas about Approximate Bayesian Computation, Populations of Models, Bayesian priors and p-values, and Bayesian dynamic networks.

    Sanjeev Arora, Do GANs actually learn the distribution? Some theory and empirics
    The Generative Adversarial Nets or GANs framework (Goodfellow et al'14) for learning distributions differs from older ideas such as autoencoders and deep Boltzmann machines in that it scores the generated distribution using a discriminator net, instead of a perplexity-like calculation. It appears to work well in practice, e.g., the generated images look better than older techniques. But how well do these nets learn the target distribution?
    Our paper 1 (ICML'17) shows GAN training may not have good generalization properties; e.g., training may appear successful but the trained distribution may be far from target distribution in standard metrics. We show theoretically that this can happen even though the 2-person game between discriminator and generator is in near-equilibrium, where the generator appears to have "won" (with respect to natural training objectives).
    Paper2 (arxiv June 26) empirically tests whether this lack of generalization occurs in real-life training. The paper introduces a new quantitative test for diversity of a distribution based upon the famous birthday paradox. This test reveals that distributions learnt by some leading GANs techniques have fairly small support (i.e., suffer from mode collapse), which implies that they are far from the target distribution.
    Paper 1: "Equilibrium and Generalization in GANs" by Arora, Ge, Liang, Ma, Zhang. (ICML 2017)
    Paper 2: "Do GANs actually learn the distribution? An empirical study." by Arora and Zhang (https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.08224)

    Stefano Ermon, Generative Adversarial Imitation Learning
    Consider learning a policy from example expert behavior, without interaction with the expert or access to a reward or cost signal. One approach is to recover the expert’s cost function with inverse reinforcement learning, then compute an optimal policy for that cost function. This approach is indirect and can be slow. In this talk, I will discuss a new generative modeling framework for directly extracting a policy from data, drawing an analogy between imitation learning and generative adversarial networks. I will derive a model-free imitation learning algorithm that obtains significant performance gains over existing methods in imitating complex behaviors in large, high-dimensional environments. Our approach can also be used to infer the latent structure of human demonstrations in an unsupervised way. As an example, I will show a driving application where a model learned from demonstrations is able to both produce different driving styles and accurately anticipate human actions using raw visual inputs.
    Qiang Liu
    Wild Variational Inference with Expressive Variational Families
    Variational inference (VI) provides a powerful tool for reasoning with highly complex probabilistic models in machine learning. The basic idea of VI is to approximate complex target distributions with simpler distributions found by minimizing the KL divergence within some predefined parametric families. A key limitation of the typical VI techniques, however, is that they require the variational family to be simple enough to have tractable likelihood functions, which excludes a broad range of flexible, expressive families such as these defined via implicit models. In this talk, we will discuss a general framework for (wild) variational inference that works for much more expressive, implicitly defined variational families with intractable likelihood functions. Our key idea is to first lift the optimization problem into the infinite dimensional space, solved using nonparametric particle methods, and then project the update back to the finite dimensional parameter space that we want to optimize with. Our framework is highly general and allows us to leverage any existing particle methods as the inference engine for wild variational inference, including MCMC and Stein variational gradient methods.



    Join the CompressiveSensing subreddit or the Google+ Community or the Facebook page and post there !

              Investigating the mechanisms of silver nanoparticle toxicity in Daphnia magna: a multi-omics approach        
    Gavin, Alex (2016) Investigating the mechanisms of silver nanoparticle toxicity in Daphnia magna: a multi-omics approach. Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
              The ecotoxicological and environmental behaviour and transformations of silver nanoparticles        
    Romer Roche, Isabella (2013) The ecotoxicological and environmental behaviour and transformations of silver nanoparticles. Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
              Osteoarthritis Comprehensive Disease Information        
    Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease caused by old age. One of the greatest troubles of ageing is rheumatoid arthritis. There are many disease that affect people as a result of old age, one of such is rheumatoid arthritis. But of course there are now very effective treatments that work.





    Most people believe that acupuncture is a painful solution for arthritis, but this is not true. Also, they think that since acupuncture involves the use of needles, the pain will be unbearable. This is however not true. Contrary to the belief that acupuncture is painful, it is less painful than most methods of pain treatment.





    To preserve the health of a rheumatoid arthritis victim, a balanced diet is vital. Always ensure you eat all that needs to be eaten and eat when you need to eat. The best way a rheumatoid patient can be managed is by providing the body with the right kind of food. Don't eat just for the sake of eating. Good and balanced diet is the one way to keep a rheumatoid arthritis patient looking healthy.





    Have you ever heard of the American Arthritis Foundation? This is a wonderful organization that provides lots of information and therapies for victims of arthritis that work very well. For example, victims of Rheumatoid arthritis can benefit from the 'Let's Talk' RA communication kit from the American Arthritis Foundation, as the first step to managing their arthritis pains. Lots of people who have are happy with the results gotten.





    The gait analysis is one way a doctor can determine if you are suffering from foot arthritis. Gait analysis is simply how you walk and the doctor can tell through the way you walk whether you have arthritis of the foot or not. Of course you can as well, but leave that to your doctor to determine. They are more experienced and can help you deal with the problem of arthritis on time.





    People who suffer from ankylosing spondylitis are usually bent from the chest. Whenever you experience any kind of problem or pain in your chest, see your doctor immediately. Some of the symptoms affecting victims of ankylosing spondylitis include bending in the chest and hip pain. Because victims of ankylosing spondylitis are often bent in the chest, they usually have a problem of breathing freely.





    Want to know more about gout arthritis? Here goes - Uric acid that causes gout arthritis is a by-product from the breaking down of proteins and cells in the body. When by-products of protein are broken down into small particles they enter the bodies as a result of the food we eat. That's why it's very important to take good care of the kind of food you eat and eat only the right kinds of food.





    Gout arthritis can be trigged by a substance in the body. Although there are other causes of gout arthritis in the body, the most common is a particular substances naturally found in the body. Foods like mushrooms, asparagus as well as excess alcohol can trigger gout arthritis beside the natural body substance known to trigger gout.


    It doesn't matter how much you feel you are informed as regards Rheumatoid Arthritis information such as resources about Osteoarthritis , and even solution for arthritis arthritis treatment , read this website and be amazed at very necessary information --> http://www.arthritisinformationcenter.com/

    arthritis: arthritis diets

    arthritis: arthritis diets

    Article Source: www.articlesnatch.com


              Images from Sun's edge reveal origins of solar wind        

    Ever since the 1950s discovery of the solar wind - the constant flow of charged particles from the sun - there's been a stark disconnect between this outpouring and the sun itself. As it approaches Earth, the solar wind is gusty and turbulent. But near the sun where it originates, this wind is structured in distinct rays, much like a child's simple drawing of the sun. The details of the transition from defined rays in the corona, the sun's upper atmosphere, to the solar wind have been, until now, a mystery.

    read more


              Biosecurity to prevent the spread of Infectious Bronchitis        

    Basic management practices such as limited controlled site access, separate footwear and equipment for each site/house, and footbaths at the entrance to sites/houses all minimize the risk of introducing the Infectious Bronchitis virus (IBV).

    Hygienic measures are aimed at minimizing the level of infectious virus. A structured approach is required to prevent infections:

    * Dry clean - removal and disposal of all organic material from the site (in the case of earthen floors this should include removing the top 4-5 cm of soil).
    * Wet clean - cleaning chicken houses using water at high pressure (35-55 Bar) to ensure removal of all organic material. It is advisable to add detergents to assist the cleaning process.
    * Disinfection - application of a suitable disinfectant to reduce infectivity of any remaining virus particles. IBV is easily killed, but applying disinfectants at the correct concentration with a suitable contact time is critical. Generally products containing formaldehyde, chlorine releasing agents, or quaternary ammonium compounds are suitable.

    The downtime between successive chicken flocks must be maximized (a minimum of 10 days is recommended). The control of IBV on multi-age sites is extremely challenging and requires strict control of the movement of personnel and equipment between chicken houses.
    Sumber : http://www.infectious-bronchitis.com/biosecurity.asp
    Terjemah : Google Translate
              Being Barefoot: The Miraculous Healing Effect of the Earth        

    Holistic Health Discussion Group
    Wednesday, March 21st - 6 to 7pm FREE
    Teton Healing Arts
    25 S. Gros Ventre St.

    Click to view an introductory video by Dr. Sinatra as he discusses "grounding," or "Earthing," the direct and indirect means of improving health by absorbing the earth's natural, electromagnetic energy.

    The earth has miraculous healing benefits. When we are connected to the earth our body is suffused with free electrons which are abundantly present on the surface of the Earth and carry a negative charge. We immediately equalize to the same energy level as the Earth and receive these much needed free electrons which scavenges our body for free radicals (positively charged particles) and in addition, protects us from Electro-Magnetic Radiation. It is the free radical that begins the cascade of dysfunction which in turn creates inflammation. Inflammation is the silent killer which is at the heart of the majority of disease and illness."

    Connecting to the earth:
    • defuses the cause of inflammation, and improves or eliminates the symptoms of many inflammation-related disorders.
    • reduces or eliminates chronic pain.
    • improves sleep in most cases.
    • increases energy.
    • lowers stress and promotes calmness in the body by cooling down the nervous system and stress hormones.
    • normalizes the body's biological rhythms.
    • thins the blood and improves blood pressure and flow.
    • relieves muscle tention and headaches.
    • lessens hormonal and menstrual symptoms.
    • dramatically speeds healing and helps prevent bedsores.
    • reduces or eliminates jet lag.
    • protects the body against potentially health-disturbing environmental electromagnetic fields (EMFs).
    • accelerates recovery from intense athletic activity.

    Here are some of the illnesses and conditions that have been linked to chronic inflammation:

    • Allergies
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
    • Anemia
    • Arthritis
    • Asthma
    • Atherosclerosis
    • Autism
    • Cancer
    • Diabetes, type 1 & 2
    • Fibromyalgia
    • Heart disease
    • Intestinal disorders
    • Kidney failure
    • Lupus
    • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
    • Chronic pain
    • Pancreatitis
    • Psoriasis and eczema
              Il silenzio delle istituzioni        
    1 - Le istituzioni non rispondono?

    Si dice molto spesso che non esistano risposte "ufficiali" da parte delle istituzioni. Si ripete di frequente che siano state presentate 14 interrogazioni parlamentari sul problema delle scie. Si continua a dire che nessun organo ufficiale parli di chemtrails. Non è vero.

    È vero che sono state presentate 14 interrogazioni parlamentari, ma non ci si citano mai le loro riposte. Non tutte le interrogazioni hanno avuto risposta scritta, ma in ben 5 di loro la risposta scritta è presente online.

    http://storia.camera.it/documenti/indirizzo-e-controllo/20050203-20050614-interrogazione-risposta-scritta-2#nav

    http://banchedati.camera.it/sindacatoispettivo_15/showXhtml.Asp?idAtto=241&stile=6

    http://banchedati.camera.it/sindacatoispettivo_16/showXhtml.Asp?idAtto=658&stile=6

    http://banchedati.camera.it/sindacatoispettivo_16/showXhtml.Asp?idAtto=3573&stile=6

    http://banchedati.camera.it/sindacatoispettivo_16/showXhtml.Asp?idAtto=3977&stile=6

    È vero che è stata presentata un'interrogazione al Parlamento Europeo, ma è vero anche che alla stessa, il parlamento Europeo ha dato una risposta.

    http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getAllAnswers.do?reference=E-2007-2455&language=EN

    Le istituzioni hanno inoltre dato risposta, ad esempio l'Arpa Friuli Venezia Giulia

    http://dati.arpa.fvg.it/fileadmin/Temi/Aria/Aria_2012/Utilita_presentazioni/sintesi_divulgative/parere_scie_condensazione.pdf

    Come anche l'Arpa Toscana

    http://www.arpat.toscana.it/notizie/notizie-brevi/2011/relazione-contrails.pdf

    l'Enac, ha riposto a un complottista che ha chiesto informazioni.

    http://anonymouse.org/cgi-bin/anon-www.cgi/http://freeondarevolution.blogspot.it/2011/07/la-risposta-dellenac-riguardo-alle-scie.html

    E i piloti, attraverso il sito md80, hanno risposto alle principali domande sull'esistenza delle Chemtrails

    http://www.md80.it/approfondimenti-2/la-cospirazione-delle-scie-chimiche/

    Andrea Corigliano (meteorologo), già nel 2010 ha detto la sua relativamente al fenomeno.

    http://www.meteorologica.it/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52:la-bufala-delle-scie-chimiche&catid=37:notizie&Itemid=56

    A lui si aggiunge PIerluigi Randi (meteorologo del MeteoRomagna ed Epson Meteo Regional Center)

    http://www.meteoromagna.com/L_ANNOSA_QUESTIONE_SCIE_DI_CONDENSAZIONE.pdf

    Ci sono ovviamente le Faq del Cicap, che andrebbe calcolato come istituzione, nonostante il mondo complottista si ostini a ridicolizzarla come tale.

    https://www.cicap.org/new/articolo.php?id=273641

    2 - Le risposte

    Le risposte, riassunte quasi tutte qua, sono bene o male sempre le stesse:

    "In via preliminare si precisa che, secondo le indagini svolte, i velivoli dell'Aeronautica militare non sono coinvolti nella generazione o emissione di scie differenti da quelle normalmente dovute alla condensazione del vapore acqueo."

    "In particolare, il fenomeno delle scie si riferisce alla condensazione di vapore acqueo che normalmente viene rilasciato dai motori a combustione interna."

    "Il combustibile usato dai velivoli militari è analogo a quello usato dai vettori civili e l'impatto ambientale, in relazione alla concentrazione di idrocarburi, è risultato molto minore di quello normalmente rilevabile nelle comuni aree urbane."

    "In ultimo, non è emerso alcun elemento relativamente alla presenza di velivoli in volo senza contrassegni di nazionalità'"

    "Dall'esame della letteratura scientifica internazionale e del contenuto dei siti web specialistici non è possibile confermare l'esistenza delle scie chimiche. I siti specialistici degli osservatori delle scie chimiche, in particolare, risultano carenti dal punto di vista scientifico. Si possono, tuttavia, fare le seguenti considerazioni. L'interpretazione più plausibile del fenomeno è che i presunti episodi di scie chimiche siano in realtà comuni scie di condensazione che sono durate più a lungo ed hanno assunto forma peculiare per effetto delle condizioni meteorologiche."

    "In genere, si afferma che le scie chimiche non siano altro che comuni scie di condensazione il cui aspetto anomalo è dato dalle particolari condizioni meteorologiche. In genere si tratta di ricercatori che hanno studiate a lungo le scie di condensazione e dalle quali si evince chiaramente che possono comportarsi anche come le presunte scie chimiche."

    "In ultimo, l'Aeronautica militare, che nel 2003 non ha sottoscritto alcun accordo con gli Stati Uniti sulla specifica problematica, non ha - come erroneamente affermato - «triplicato i voli militari», ma, al contrario, ha ridotto, dal predetto anno ad oggi, l'attività di volo dei propri aeromobili del 15 per cento circa."

    "The Commission is aware of such claims but is not aware of any evidence that particles of barium, aluminium or iron are being emitted, deliberately or not, by aircraft. (Tradotto, la Commissione è al corrente di dette affermazioni, ma non è a conoscenza di nessuna prova che particelle di bario, alluminio o ferro siano emesse, deliberatamente o no, da aereomobili).

    "The Commission is not aware of any evidence that such methods are being employed in Europe. (Tradotto: La commissione non è a conoscenza di alcuna evidenza che tali metodi siamo impiegati in Europa)".

    "Pur non essendoci alcuna definizione precisa, si è osservato che, in generale, con il termine CHEMTRAIL vengono indicate le scie di condensazione prodotte dagli aerei che persistono a lungo o che si espandono sino a formare delle velature. In base a quanto riportato nel paragrafo precedente, la naturale varietà delle caratteristiche atmosferiche riesce naturalmente a rendere conto di come a volte le scie di condensazione si dissipino in tempi brevi ed in altri casi rimangano visibili per ore o addirittura si espandano."

    "Si può senz'altro ritenere che la serie di teorie che vanno sotto la voce di “scie chimiche” sia in gran parte ispirata ed alimentata dal fenomeno delle scie di condensazione prodotte dai gas di scarico degli aerei in volo. D’altra parte la visibilità delle scie di condensazione è presumibilmente aumentata a partire dagli anni 90 e questo può essere stato uno degli elementi che hanno favorito il diffondersi di queste teorie; ciò insieme all'altro fattore determinante costituito dalla disponibilità e facilità di accesso a qualsiasi tipo di informazione attraverso la rete internet e il web."

    "A quanto ci risulta invece, le scie persistenti segnalate sono le cosiddette “condensation trails (contrails)” e sono prodotte dagli scarichi degli aeromobili sia civili, sia militari. Sono formate essenzialmente da acqua in forma di cristalli di ghiaccio e non sono dannose per l’uomo."

    3 - Conclusione

    Le domande sono state giustamente poste. Ma le risposte sono state date. Quindi il punto ora è: siamo noi i ciechi che non vediamo il cielo sopra le nostre teste, oppure sono i complottisti che fanno domande, il sordo che non vuol sentire?


              FERRARI THE LEGEND        

    more info: nhb.de/news/details/ferrari-the-legend.html
    nhb: 3D, vfx animation
    nhb producer: Christoph vom Bauer
    vfx supervision, shading, lighting: Christian Wallmeier
    vfx supervision, compositing: Patrick Altmaier
    concept design: Ronan Chuat
    modeling: Benjamin Juergens
    animation, rigging, cloth: Markus Pchalek
    effects, particles, simulations: Ralf Hietel
    compositing: Sascha Reinholz
    filmproduction: Filmakademie Baden-Württemberg, Milchstrasse, Proper Scandal
    regie: Nico Kreis
    dop: Jan Mettler

    Cast: nhb studios

    Tags: Ferrari, The Legend, car, horse, nhb, nhb studios, nhb studios düsseldorf, vfx, 3d, postproduction, cavallino rampante, Pferde, Rennwagen, Nico Krei, Enzo Ferrari and Filmakademie Ludwigsburg


              Loneliness, Statins, Feedback on glucosamine and gut instinct, Cycle lanes and air pollution, Coughs and antibiotics        
    Dr Mark Porter investigates the health effects of loneliness and why some researchers believe being lonely is worse for your health than obesity. Also in the programme, as proposed new UK guidelines mean as many as 5 million more people could be prescribed statins to lower their cholesterol how do you work out if you are in this new category of being at risk? Are the current calculators that work out your risk up to the job? Mark also investigates coughs. Does it really make a difference if your cough is viral or bacterial, and why eighty percent of people won't benefit from taking antibiotics for their cough. A recent study has found that long term, repeated exposure to air pollution increases the risk of heart attacks. What does this mean for people who live near busy roads, and who is most at risk? Mark Porter talks to Frank Kelly, professor of environmental health at King's College London about why the microscopic particles in air pollution cause problems for the heart and why he believes cycle routes shouldn't be on busy, main roads.
              New method for harvesting energy from light        
    “Harvesting energy from light” has an exotic sci-fi vibe – it’s about better methods for extracting solar energy to generate electricity, and improved fiber optic technology for communications – applications we’re familiar with — this isn’t the Bellero Shield. The new work centers on plasmonic nanostructures, specifically, materials fabricated from gold particles and light-sensitive molecules […]
              Back to blogging and now it's the time for some Draconids        
    Yeah, I'm back into blogging after ages, and I think I'd fancy blogging in this new platform which I'm using for the first time. This is a moment I achieved despite quite a many stuff that came across my way during recent months. Finally I'm done with my University exams and although it's already been few weeks since the end of the exams, it's just now I'm starting to scribble something, which was mostly due to my new-found passion of traveling. Chances were more that I had found myself engaged in some kind of work, either in University or outside, for my constant involvements with AIESEC and occasional rendezvous with Chess team and astronomical society of course. Although it was blogging where I made my absence I still managed to be on lookout for what's happening around in the arena of astronomy.
    (I just selected this photo to feature this post, to showcase my latest passion :) although it has no relevance to this post)


    Many great things of which I could have done interesting piece of blogging had already passed by and it's the time to resolve what we've got to come by. I remember I almost planned doing a blog post on the latest lecture I delivered for the astronomical society but it's too sad I couldn't end up doing it. Then I remember someone was trying to 'end' the world in late September and it was surprising that once of my close friends inquired about it asking for some clarification. Next I heard some experiments at CERN that led for weird results and still the media was exaggerating the hype and it was so awkward to notice in Facebook that some thing that has been envisioned true a great many years ago, being joked about just with the unveiling of some unverified conclusions. I remember I managed to meet Prof. Kavan during the following week and was talking with him about this issue, although AALK couldn't manage to make it to any physical colloquim recently. Soon afterward the iPhone 4S was launched and the next morning I was on Google homepage only to find an obituary notice of the very guy, who was the brainchild of Apple's range of hi-tech products. Thus many thing have followed since my last blog-post which was published on May, and I wouldn't too much bother following those up, as you might already have been through the monotonous flow of news.

    Well, this is about Draconids, that I'm bringing you as a news for you ! Kudos to my friend Rex, for drawing my attention towards this and hence I'm able to tell you about this meteor shower. Draconids will take place on 8th October, (tomorrow for me) and if you're lucky (being able to be on the right spot at right time) you would witness as many as 1000 meteors per hour but however it could be that you may not be able to see any at all perhaps, which becomes possible in the event of Earth completely missing the torrent of these dust-particles originated from Comet 21 P (Giacobini-Zinner). Chances are more that you will see maybe few meteors at least, provided you're based in somewhere in Africa or Europe. You can check the following link for more details about the Draconids meteor shower and ideal timings for you depending on where you're based.

    Draconids Meteor Shower on 8 October 2011 - http://www.imo.net/draconids2011

    Hope you will keep this noted and at least get out and try to catch some glimpses of Draconids, Please do share if you do end up observing, no matter you observations were positive or negative, which later will encourage many to look up !

    Keep looking up !!!


              How to make a Siphon Spirit orb        
    When we first started working on Siphon Spirit we needed a way to show how much energy an orb had.  We decided to make it as a bunch of particles that would circle the core of the orb.  This led me to my first problem.  How was I going to modify the particles' position so that they went in a circle?  The answer was Trigonometry.
    Pictured: Trig in action
    Trigonometry?  Isn't that the thing that they made me learn in school for some reason but never showed me how it could actually be useful?  Yeah, that thing.  Since I never saw a use for it and it was just something I had to do for a required class I just remembered it long enough to take the test.

    When I needed to modify the position of the orb I needed to change it's X and Y values.  In order to get a circle, I had to use both sin and cos.  

    X = cos(t); Y = sin(t)

    That's the (extremely) basic formula for a circle.  We need something to be the t variable.  We need something that will constantly and smoothly increase in size so that it continues along the Sine Wave.  Without an increasing number, the orb would just stay in the same place.  Time is a great tool for that, since it's always progressing. 

    X = cos(time); Y = sin(time)

    This is a step in the right direction, but it still needs work.  Not only is it going in little tiny circles, it's circling the 0,0 position on the screen instead of where the orb is!  Let's handle it not being in the correct position first.  When I make the particle, I can tell it what the position of its parent orb is.  Since X and Y are already being taken for the position of the specific particle, I'm using J and K for the X and Y of the parent orb.  We add those positions to the formula so that the particle will rotate around the center of the parent orb.

    X = cos(time) + J; Y = sin(time) + K

    That's better, but the more particles we add to an orb we see that they are all focused at the very center.  We need it to spread out so the whole thing is filled with particles.  For doing this, I decided to use the radius of the parent orb.  This helps make sure that the particles never go flying out of where the boundaries of the orb are, and that as the orb gets bigger the particles don't keep filling up at the center.  I do randomize it a bit so that the particles aren't all completely uniform.

    X = radius * cos(time) + J; Y = radius * sin(time) + K

    This gives us our final formula for updating the particles as they move around.  Mostly.  I also give each particle a randomized velocity (movement speed) based on the radius so that that's also not moving uniformly.  The velocity modifies the time to either make it faster or slower than other particles.  I also randomize how big each particle will be.  The effect that I want is that it's a flowing, living piece of magical energy.  Controlled entirely by trigonometry and a little bit of randomness.

    So for all those like me who just couldn't see why anyone would care to learn trig, take another look at the orb below.  I couldn't have made it without trig.

    Thanks, math!
    Want to see the orbs in action?  Give the alpha demo of Siphon Spirit a try!  (Currently only for Windows.)

              Argentina: A Forgotten Enigma - Mystery Enshrouds the 1995 Salta UFO Crash        


    Source: Planeta UFO and El Tribuno
    Date: 05.27.2017
    An Article by Daniel Díaz, El Tribuno


    Argentina: A Forgotten Enigma - Mystery Enshrouds the 1995 Salta UFO Crash

    The event occurred in 1995 in the Serranía Colorada, community of Joaquin V. González. Details were never officially disclosed.

    Ufologists still remember one of the most widely known UFO events to have occurred in the country, known as the Argentinean Roswell. It was given that name by its similarities with the 1947 incident in New Mexico, U.S.A.

    In the early hours of August 18, 1995, the domestic press reported the collision of an allegedly alien spacecraft in the department of Anta.

    At the time, private pilot Antonio Galvagno witnessed a "confusing plot", as he would describe it, which kept the event from ever being solved. He said that he was having lunch on the day that the object fell and heard a loud explosion around 13:50 hours, which caused the entire community of Joaquin V. Gonzalez to shake. His initial sensation was one of fear, he told El Tribuno, thinking it was an earthquake, which cause the province to shake every so often. To his surprise, he took to the streets a few minutes later and saw a large column of smoke that made him think that an airplane or meteorite had crashed. The dense white trail was seen by dozens of local residence.

    Curiosity motivated Galvagno to fly over the area in his two-seat aircraft. He concentrated on the area where the crash had apparently occurred, known as Serranía Colorada. The flyer saw a column of smoke which he described as "a cloud of soot with metallic particles. The search turned up nothing new. I found nothing."

    Galvagno devoted the next two weeks to finding clues as to what could have happened, but without any positive results. According to his story, he met with a group from the Gendarmería Nacional (national police) who forbid him to continue the search, pursue the investigation or fly over the area.

    However, the pilot decided to continue along with a group of locals motivated by curiosity. The news also reached the national television, print and radio media. It was brought up on programs such as the one by Susana Giménez and the late Jorge Guinzburg. Telenoche, Cronica and magazines like Gente dispatched correspondents to the area. There was never any official word as to what occurred and all that remained was a burned area measuring some 500 meters wide by five kilometers long.

    The hypothesis by the pilot from Anta is that a craft - regardless of its origin - slid along the path. "Vegetation never grew in the site again and the area was closed off. Gendarmería and the Air Force invoked reasons of national security," Galvagno said. He and many other residents of Anta always believed it had been a UFO.

    On November 27, 2009, a considerable part of the Department of Anta was left in the dark after midnight following a blackout which occurred at the same time dozens of witnesses reported seeing a UFO over the city of Joaquin V. Gonzalez.

    In that instance, Daniel Barbosa, director of Radio Uno, told El Tribuno "that according to eyewitness accounts, the craft was gigantic, sausage-shaped and fully illuminated."

    Citizens stated that the object flew over the power station for some minutes. "We were surprised that people from all over the city coincided in the description. Even stranger is that a blackout occurred."

    The event occurred in 1995 at Serranía Colorada in the municipality of Joaquin V. Gonzalez. The details were never officially disclosed. Vegetation never again grew at the location and it remained closed off. The national police and the Argentinean Air Force invoked "reasons of national security."

    [Translation (c) 2017, S. Corrales IHU with thanks to Guillermo Giménez and Daniel Díaz]

    NOTE: The Salta UFO crash was one of the first major events covered by INEXPLICATA in its original incarnation (the Samizdat newsletter) at the time. It was reprinted in 2009 at http://inexplicata.blogspot.com/2009/11/salta-and-1995-ufo-crash.html and appears in the book Inexplicata: UFOs in Latin America and Spain available at Scribd.com (https://www.scribd.com/document/176266394/INEXPLICATA-UFOs-in-Latin-America-and-Spain). For details on the 2009 Salta UFO flap, please visit http://inexplicata.blogspot.com/2009/11/argentina-giant-ufo-causes-commotion-in.html -- Scott Corrales.

              How Many Words?        
    The following is a compendium of my thoughts on writing four years ago. It is a baseline check on what I still retain:


    The Anchoress has gotten very angry about a rude and obscene t-shirt directed at the Pope. He certainly doesn't deserve such treatment, and her anger is quite understandable. Of course, she has her own inimitable take on what the whole business really means:



    "What I am wondering about is the strange fascination the left seems to have with the F-word....Gad, I can't stand boomers. I am one, technically, but I have never liked this generation. Even back then, when I was 13, I hated this pre-occupation with "self" that is so much a part of that crowd. Even back then, at 13, I thought the Woodstock Chant was lame.


    The F-word is so done, SO overplayed. But the boomers and their limited progeny can't let it go. The F-word is their calling card, their banner, their meaningless creed.


    I bet if you asked the marketer of the F*** Benedict XVI shirts if he is a liberal, he would say he is, or that he is "progressive," or something. When I was growing up, raised by classically liberal parents, I was taught that being liberal meant being open-minded, allowing others to live and let live - giving everyone the benefit of the doubt, and most of all, engaging in real, meaningful discussion, not flippant blow-offs...."


    Well, gee.


    PROSPERO: When thou didst not, savage,
    Know thine own meaning, but wouldst gabble like
    A thing most brutish, I endow'd thy purposes
    With words that made them known.



    CALIBAN: You taught me language; and my profit on't
    Is, I know how to curse.



    The Tempest, I, ii


    To know how to curse. It is the Big Secret that no one in America really talks about, so no one learns. I learned. And learning it was one of my triumphs of literary control over my mother tongue.
    I learned it from literary masters like Jonathan Swift.


    Most Americans are left in the dark about it because we are taught from the cradle, and in school, that we really all ought to be "making nice" to everybody whether we believe it or not.


    Where does that leave all of us, boomers or others? In exactly the same place where George Orwell found so much that was compelling in the style of Henry Miller:


    "For the truth is that many ordinary people, perhaps an actual majority, do speak and behave in just the way that is recorded here. The callous coarseness with which the characters in Tropic of Cancer talk is very rare in fiction, but it is extremely common in real life; again and again I have heard just such conversations from people who were not even aware that they were talking coarsely."


    But I really learned how to curse. I learned to hoard the words miserly, like gold nuggets, and not waste them on silly things that meant nothing. Strong words are for real emotions, not mere pique or startlement, and, particularly, not mere pique about something purely entertaining.


    They should be used sparingly, and for maximum rhetorical effect. When you say them or write them, you should really mean every syllable of them, tasting every drop of bile in them, and building a full emotional head of steam before you let them explode.


    A properly articulated obscenity requires a beautiful literary setting. The target of one's hatred should be built up artfully, in a baroque fantasia of language like an elaborate white wedding cake.


    Then the single salty word can have the effect of blasting the white wedding cake with a sawed-off shotgun.


    I was born in the 1950's. I call myself "liberal" or "progressive" interchangeably, and I mean something very precise by those words. What I mean by them is not a synonym for "making nice" to everybody. How much that makes me a part of the Anchoress' "they" on the left--who are so self-absorbed and adolescent--I'll leave to your good judgment.


    But I have never lost touch with the fact that there are many places where some people have no "happily ever after" and have no future to "make nice" about anything.


    Americans, generally, are not very well acquainted with the fact that such places exist, and they are usually too busy "making nice" to understand them.


    One thing is certain, and it will never be learned by merely "making nice".


    There are things in this world that deserve to be treated with language like the blasting of a wedding cake with a shotgun.


    Why do we who write on this marvelous invention of the weblog soil our common tongue with ugly and inappropriate words about what we do here?


    Blog.


    We seem to be totally indifferent to the emotional resonance and overtones of English which has made it the glory of its poets and the constant but cruel love of its prose writers. They keep the flame of this alive in the entertainment arts. In the Star Trek mythos, for example, "Borg" is the epitome of inhuman unfreedom, a beehive where the bees are burdened with all the mechanical ironmongery of an opthomologist's consulting room.


    "Blog" is equally as ugly, but we, certainly, are not. We are merely the same fallible and tragic human beings, writing in English, as Donne, Swift, Keats, or Henry James. Why turn our back on that heritage with a label on our form so ugly?


    It is now in common usage, so, of course, I must endure the copyblot of it in my writing as in others. To do elsewise is to be too precious and persnickity for a direct writer of the English tongue. So I blog with the rest of us. But I don't have to like it, and I don't.


    Meme.


    In more specific terms, a meme is a self-propagating unit of cultural evolution having some resemblance to the gene (the unit of genetics). The difference lies in the replicative potential and minimally required resources to replicate. Memes can represent parts of ideas, languages, elemental particles, tunes, designs, skills, moral and aesthetic values and anything else that is commonly learned and passed on to others as a unit. The study of evolutionary models of information transfer is called memetics.....In casual use, the term meme is sometimes used to mean any piece of information that is passed from one mind to another. (Wickipedia)


    This neologism is not ugly, particularly. It would be wonderful delineating a fur pattern on a slithy tove or a mome rath, as we call a cat calico, tabby, or tortiseshell. But both the real definition and the derivation (from "memory" in Greek) are simply a lie. "Daffodils that come before the swallow dare," did not do itself. A particular man named Shakespeare did it. It has not propagated itself. Particular human beings have read it, referred to it, and quoted it, directly or indirectly.


    "Meme" is a metaphor, which, in its proper place of a specific scientific field of study can function intelligibly as a model, because, in its proper context, responsible and intelligent scientists remain fully aware that you cannot ride in the elevator of a model of the Empire State Building.


    In causal use it is a metaphor run wild, as so many do in English, and a dangerous one at that. Note that this last sentence is also a metaphor, but one under my intellectual control. The implication that our ideas somehow do themselves is an early step toward the inhuman unfreedom of the Borg.


    Now I know why it is so tempting. The actual relation of language to the writer is a great and not wholly describable mystery; we can hint at only by describing it as like breeding of horses--Daffodils Which Come Before The Swallow Dare, sired by Shakespeare, out of English. Meme, in its casual use is a way of both acknowledging, and glossing over this mystery with pseudoscience.


    It has also become an ugly term of abuse, in a blogosphere which resembles nothing so much as a continuous political pie fight where the custard cream has been replaced by chickenshit. I am, by the way, a seasoned writer of English and I claim the same right as Swift to use vulgarity and ugliness to describe vulgarity and ugliness, keeping is very rare for maximum literary effect, and, unlike its use in the writing of so many out there, it also is tightly under my control.


    Any idea that you don't like is a "meme" which someone bad and bent (Democrats, Republicans, the Religious Right, the Bush-hating Left, whatever) has propagated and needs to be stamped out.


    "Meme" itself deserves to be stamped out. It is a lie, it is not a legitimate part of the common tongue, it is destructive to the notion of freedom of ideas, and it terminally offends my taste. So you have not seen it in posts prior to this, and you will never see it here again without the prophylactic of inverted commas.


    Would that my fellow bloggers were so choosy as I.


    More often than not I write these reflections directly on the screen. Occasionally, however, I have both the time and opportunity to work longhand and in ink, with a nib pen by preference.


    There are deep memories associated with this for me; myself in the third grade making the letters using a Schafer pen with a ball nib, conscious all the while of the physical pleasure of writing with a real pen, instead of an ink stick. It has much the same feeling, resonating in the fingers all the way up past the elbow and beyond, of the satisfyingly exact scratching of an itch with the hard pointed corner of a square clipped fingernail.


    These days, I prefer a square calligraphy nib. It slows you down to prose period speed as you draw each thick black stroke definitively. Phrase follows phrase and clause follows clause with a pace like slowly rolling thunder.


    A square nib keeps an old hand honest, for it will write neither crabbed nor scratchy. The letter forming technique must remain both precise and fluid for the ink to even stain the paper. Another thing that keeps both an old hand and old eyes honest is quad ruled paper. The blue lines of N-S, E-W naturally correct variations in line levelness and letter slant.


    I say writing, but I actually print, in a style with a flat nib that wavers from italic to half uncial. I abandoned cursive at the age of twenty-one, due to a complaint from a snotty supervisor, deputized to "help" my regular supervisor, about how my writing looked on a carbon paper form. It was all hand work in those pre-personal computer days. Info from the forms was keyed in by specialists to a mainframe with far less capacity than any CPU sitting under a desk today.


    I could print as fast as I could write cursive (this was a rare accomplishment); I disliked the style of cursive that I was taught in school, the same one, I believe, still taught in Columbus today; and I was always impressed by the high degree of legibility possible with printing in a young and flexible hand wielding a ball nib pen.


    My father had a beautiful cursive that I envied greatly. He was taught the Palmer Method cursive in Chicago catholic schools, in the dim and comfortable years before the Great Depression. It required more time, practice, and training than my cursive, which is undoubtedly why the schools abandoned it. We must remember that in the 1920's a personal typewriter in the home was perhaps no more common than a collating copier there today. When it did exist there, it was likely to be the prized possession of a professional writer, but not very many other people.


    Back then, you received typewritten letters from businesses, but you commonly wrote handwritten letters to them. Portable personal typewriters were commonplace when I learned to write, and it was becoming more "businesslike" to use them in home to business correspondence. Which is why schools had ceased to care about anything but expediency and ease of teaching in the matter of penmanship.


    My father's initials, WM, were spectacular in Palmer Method capitals. They looked like species tulips nodding in the wind, since each sharp turn of the pen in a letter was executed with a graceful and narrow oval loop, and the flow of the letter slant was an elegant 25 degrees or so NNE. My script was pedestrian and ugly beyond belief beside this, even when you wrote it well, and I doubt I could even write it today, except for my check signature, which is as spiky as the track of a seismograph, the flat nib turned almost due north/south, and the ink shredding in an irascable temper. I hope never to have to try to write anything else in it.


    When I look at the business letter formats built into Word and Works today, it is amusing to see how they still derive from those old, handwritten, business letters of eighty and more years ago. It is like the nose, cheekbones, and jawline of my maternal grandfather staring back at me in the mirror, married incongruously to the paternal forehead of both my father and his father.


    There are layers in such designs, for eyes to see than care to and can, of penmanship, of feathery carbon copies in unevenly worn typewritten pica, and of the rough rasters and pixels of the early personal computers--a ghostly trace of each in every hopeful resume and cover letter destined today for the paper shredder with nary a reply back, as was once the courtesy of businesses, now long lost, even when I was growing up.


    I recently had lots of contact with the handwriting of American students. I won't give details because the people who let me do this are as touchy about such things as if they were fighting terrorists. One thing that struck me was the persistence of a cursive style (in my day confined to girls, and probably still so) that has no name as far as I know, but which I always called "cutesy round curliques". When I do so, I suspect almost everybody knows what I mean. It is an ink stick (a.k.a. ballpoint pen) style and, from my mature perspective, deserves far more respect than I gave it forty years ago.


    It is not an official style. It seems to have been an underground tradition passed on among schoolgirls as the years have passed, probably by example in letters and notes between them. As a man dedicated to the pen, it gives me hope. For people who exercise their own private taste in the matter of handwriting, as opposed to the majority, who let it deteriorate anyhow as they age, are the people who will keep pens, ink, and paper alive.


    They are worth keeping alive.


    Putting a good pen to responsive paper makes ideas come. The pleasure of the nib dragging; the sight of regular black marks appearing out of nowhere, row upon row; and the magic thing that happens in the head when 4 or 5 or 6 of those black marks make a mental picture of things or relations--all of these support a visceral craving for the process to continue and they bestir the brain to make this happen.


    The magic gets even more incredible as you age because whole letters in words can (and unfortunately do) disappear into hyperspace as you write. But, despite this, the pictures in the mind generally remain the same. Real ink, smoothly flowing and richly sustaining in its satisfying blackness of thin stroke next to thick, has what they call in wine-tasting mouth-feel, only a better term would be mind-feel.


    I think the difference between being a writer and merely being someone who writes is an emotional relation to prose periods. Does anyone even use that word anymore to describe the components of a sentence rather than merely for the little dot at the end? A writer strives not only to make the words mean what he wants to say, but also to make the sentences fit the shape and speed of his mind like a well made suit of clothes fits the body. We call this prose style.


    My mind, I think, is slower than some, shrewder than many, and chronically self-reflective. It needs space and a stately pace. Which is why any who read this blog regularly should expect a style with long running sentences, of many phrases and clauses, and constant parenthetical remarks to develop the premises of my thought. These are then contrasted with short, simple, and biting declarative sentences to hammer home the conclusions.


    I know this makes for a prose not to everyone's taste, since it requires to be read with concentration to be understood. But, then, my premises and conclusions are not to everyone's taste, either.


    In my random junk drawer of more than 45 years of extensive reading, I once came across the remark that English doesn't have grammar, it has manners. That may be slightly exaggerated, but, in some sense, it is profoundly true. English is more than the sum of its grammatical parts. Conventions of grammar and usage in English are a particularly arbitrary imposition on a language which is not only living, but rather prone to wild living, fast living, and high living.


    Sometimes, to make the sense you need to make in the way you need to make it, you have to return grammar and usage conventions suddenly and without notice. The sentence fragment, the comma splice, the split infinitive, the starting of a sentence with a conjunction, the (very occasional) rude, salty, and vulgar word, and the extension of the meaning of a word beyond its dictionary definition or its derivation, are all resources to be used, with discretion, as long as you preserve good English manners. Of course, we can't tell the schoolchildren this, but when they are out of earshot, we can admit it to ourselves.


    The longer sentences necessary for the fit to the peculiar shape of my mind require a more antique punctuation than contemporary style manuals encourage--far more commas to differentiate distinct segments of thought, as well as more liberal use of parenthesis and em-dash.


    Finding effective punctuation is one of my greatest writing challenges, which I sometimes do not wholly meet. The difference, for example, in choosing to use the semi-colon in the first paragraph above, and to avoid it for commas two paragraphs back, is superficially inconsistent, but expresses a need to keep the two different lists of things stylistically distinct, with the first list requiring more definite separation of the members than the second.


    Also, for the sake of blogging, which is a pioneering virtual prose form where on-screen reading is distinctly more difficult than in the hard copy forms of book or magazine, a different approach to paragraph breaks, closer to newspaper style than book style, is required for maximum clarity. This is particularly true for a style like mine.


    Conventionally, paragraphs are supposed to delineate complete thoughts, no matter how long a block of text this requires or how many different aspects of the same thought are being explored.


    But, onscreen, such a long and heavy basket weave of text makes very difficult reading, which, as a reader, I find destructive to comprehension; and the scrolling function is no substitute for the ease of re-reading in books or periodicals where the pages move but the paragraphs don't.


    Consequently, I insert paragraph breaks liberally almost anywhere that significant variation in the focus of the thought can excuse them.


    In a like manner, I find one of the most useful functions in my blog engine is the electronic fold for most posts further down the blogroll. It saves the reader's time in scrolling and presents the very worthy writing challenge of making enough sense on the front end of an essay so the reader can discern, without having to be told, that it continues below the fold, as well as provide enough information to make an intelligent decision whether or not to continue reading. Of course, I don't always meet these challenges either.


    But challenges you are not sure of being up to are one of the things that make writing fun. And if it's not fun, why do it?


    Finally, there is the matter of gender and number of indefinite personal pronouns. This is, of course, a political correctness minefield. When I write a sentence such as the one above:


    ...not only to make the words mean what he wants to say, but also to make the sentences fit the shape of his mind...


    I am taking a calculated risk that my reader will know, in context, that I am largely, though not exclusively, talking about me, and I use the masculine gender because it is my gender. Thus he or she will not be offended.


    The entire issue is one of the most delicate and difficult in the prose graces of contemporary English. Giving offense when you don't intend to is a major breach of manners, thus political correctness, whatever its abstract merits, has a reasonable claim here.


    But most of the alternatives are equally suspect as breaches of mannerly prose. Use of the pronoun "one" more than once in a sentence has a pedantic, snobbish, pseudo-British sound. "He/she", or sometimes "he/she/it" is a barbaric American violation of the relations of spoken English to written English. For the only sensible pronunciations of he/she/it, given English vowel length and vowel color, would be "heesheet" in America, "hishit" in Britain, and "heeSHEit" in pretentious American academese, the pronunciation generally favored by the most extreme partisans of political correctness.


    "He or she" is also not a politically correct alternative which wears well over the long haul. With the ghost of spoken language always in the ear when the pictures of written language are in the mind, overusing "he or she" makes the writer sound like a braying donkey: heORshe, heORshe, heORshe...


    Thus the only sensible and mannerly alternative to meet the problem that I can see is to sacrifice number to gender, substituting the vagueness of number of "you" (since we no longer use "thou" and, if we had it available, we would use the "familiar" form of "thou" in most such contexts) or the inconsistency of number agreement created using "they". Thus:


    ...not only to make the words mean what you want to say, but also to make the sentences fit the shape of your mind...


    or


    ...not only to make the words mean what they want to say, but also to make the sentences fit the shape of their mind...


    Not the best of choices, but the ones, I think, which are the best mannered.


    One thing is certain. I feel very lucky to read and write English, for all its challenges and difficulties, and to see English prose emerge so flowingly for me from my fountain pen.


    I hope that he, she, it, one, you, and they do too.


    I write now as clearly as I ever have, but the sentences are flat, without the emotional sparkle that my old blogging sustained. There are fewer metaphors, less vivid and varied language, and truly fewer ideas. Perhaps I wrote myself out, for after a certain point the original writing just dried up. I tried to restart several times, but the bipolarity stopped me like a brick wall.

    But I did not take it on directly. I am now.
              Dust Separator #2: Finished up and tested        

    I was able to finish up the dust seperator and test it this afternoon. I still have to work out the final conections to the shop vac – hence the blue taped connection!! But I think I wil turn down the end of one of the reducers to see if I can make a direct connection. Previously I had pictured different adaptors – the type designed for a dust collection system but I decided to use different connctors because it make the mounting easier and the air flow through the top better.

    The first test didn’t go so well – but then I figured out that I had connected the hoses backwards. Just a little to excited to test it out I guess!

    This is the way my shop vac appeared before my test. The filter is clearly full of dust and wood particles.

    After dumping the contents out on the garage floor I vacuumed it all back up again.

    The little bit of dust in the bottom was left over from before I emptied it out – so success!!


              I Was Working on my Degree        
    The extensive grounds were thinning
    After the sanitation workers ball.
    My love and I were washing dishes.
    Here was the most beloved plate to serve
    A hand grenade all the way up from the tropics.
    It deserved a wash in the town’s well.
    These dishes are nudists naturally.
    A painted boy from his pastoral predicament
    Pleads with me to keep my rag away
    From his unpainted genitals.
    His singing and giggling, communing with the finches,
    Bought him the brass scratcher which made him
    Retreat into the dust storm. Presently, pasta.
    Bad boy butter baste with a spiked collar
    Knifes at the knives. Shall the spit be scrubbed,
    My love? Yes, scour the spit, was her bubbly reply.
    I was seething; I was soldered in sallow serape
    The size of seahorses. My philosophy was simple:
    The only truth is that white space
    After the birth date of an author who’s still alive.
    I ran across them from time to time
    In my rodent form. I ran across so many things.
    Like a pan of water, or the fine blade of a food
    Processor, a woman’s nipple, an elephant’s sleeping eye.
    I was dog-eared; I was foxed, bumped and rubbed.
    The degreaser was having its effect on my spine.
    The gravy boat stopped off in the tropics
    To pick up more hand grenades. We were looking
    For service all up the coast, our Lifebuoy sick
    With dandruff. His final words were: life is draining.
    Then he refused to speak, and began bobbing.
    Little half-eaten cod combed his hair with their
    Skeletons. I was in it up to my elbows.
    This is where I decided I could make something
    Of myself, something bigger – something I could feature
    In the dining room. So I began to serve myself little scraps.
    My love was all for it: she smiled behind her spume facial.
    Sanitation workers with respirators reported just then.
    They toted zippered trash bags of the blackest material,
    And I began to graduate into one just as their hands
    Made sure I was included with the cracked glassware.
    It was like eternal night, only I couldn’t get a cigarette
    From the dockworkers, who were fireflies.
    There were no dockworkers! There were only night crawlers,
    The kind in fishnet stockings, who proposed to me
    Like I was a courageous sea captain on the Atlantic. But I was done
    With all that, and instead began to matriculate
    Into my cake pan. I could have been baked,
    But with so many mouths in my batter,
    I couldn’t rise toward heaven long enough to make
    A dent in universal hunger, especially my own.
    The dishes, meanwhile, were hovering around the kitchen.
    I’ve had enough, I said, and immediately sent for a robot.
    When the boxes came, it was all in parts, but still alive.
    It insisted that another robot be dispatched for his assembly.
    I agreed with its sound reasoning and logic.
    When the new robot arrived, it was also in parts, but it had read
    A physics textbook. “Advanced physics,” it kept correcting me.
    Soon my world was walpoled with unassembled robots
    Lecturing me about particles – what does it matter? I asked.
    If you knew a thing or three, we would be ambulatory,
    They said. I am not religious, I kept insisting, and bashing
    Myself on the head for letting them boss me around.
    They told of great dunes of ash taking on human form
    After being assembled by the wind. All of this happened
    On the other side. The other side of what? I asked.
    Of the argument, which is wordless and gray, they said.
    I better get back to those dishes. My love was now an old
    Potter who kept throwing her back out.
    I began to clean with no mind, like they do in temples.
    I washed my bowl until I reduced it to the cellular level.
    There was no future in soup anyway, I rationalized.
    The sanitation workers kept putting wedding rings on hotdogs
    And eating their gloves. Just when I got everything sparkling,
    Another catastrophe would jeopardize the famous quiz show,
    And potato chips that one could not prove existed nonetheless
    Left grease stains on the platters. I decided to wax my love’s
    Shoulder blades, but she was glazed from hunger.
    I crumpled up my apron, took off my mitts, and danced
    A jig through the swinging, western-style doors
    That divided the kitchen from the patrons, who only became
    Visible when they inhaled their cigars, the kind that burn forever,
    But only smoked when you sucked on them.
    The dishes stretched between heaven and hell,
    But I didn’t care. I was hitting the pavement with my fists,
    Leaving the industrial center for some other place,
    Which was sure to become a center when I arrived to judge it.
              Predictive and Proactive Maintenance Techniques - Prolific Systems And Technologies Pvt. Ltd. , Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al Khaimah, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Al Kuwait, Salalah, Manama, Mumbai         
    Course Objective
    At the end of this course participants will have:
    • An understanding of a range of Predictive Maintenance Technologies
    • Knowledge of the potential contribution of each these technologies to maintenance efficiency
    • Guidelines indicating how these technologies can interact with and support each other
    • Hints and Tips for practical application of these technologies so as to achieve the best results
    • A practical approach to developing an action plan to utilize these technologies in their own areas of responsibility, fitting them into the overall maintenance strategy, and measuring benefits
     
    Key Benefits
    The knowledge gained in this course will:
    • Enable the delegate to develop a proactive maintenance regime within the organization.
    • Give the delegate confidence to carry out failure analyses thereby avoiding repetitive failures.
    • Allow tighter control of maintenance budgets by the avoidance of unplanned equipment failures in service.

    Who should attend?
    This course is directed towards Supervisors, Team Leaders and Managers in Maintenance, Engineering and Production.
     
    Program Contents:
    • Maintenance introduction
    • Types of maintenance
    • Predictive maintenance. Overview of the Predictive Maintenance philosophy and
    • Major predictive Maintenance technologies
    • CBM methodology & management, Introduction to CBM tools & techniques
    • Fault finding techniques
    • Overview of Condition Monitoring Technologies:
    • Vibration Monitoring
    • Thermography
    • Ultrasonic
    • Non Destructive Testing Technologies
    Executing a Maintenance and Equipment Audit Before Starting Preventive/ Predictive Maintenance (P/PdM)
    • Determine your current maintenance productivity
    • Establish your current equipment condition and equipment performance (baseline)
    • Determine the need for preventive maintenance (PM) and predictive maintenance (PdM)
    • Calculate costs and benefits of P/PdM
    Determining the Right PM System for Your Plant
    • Different types of PM
    • PM organization and staffing
    PM Techniques
    • How to determine PM requirements for your equipment
    • Equipment cleaning and lubrication
    • Equipment inspections, adjustments, and servicing
    How to Develop and Install a Good PM System
    • The 10-step PM installation program
    • How to keep an effective and useful equipment history
    • PM work orders/PM checklists/PM reports
    How to Plan and Schedule PM and Measure PM Results
    • Determining PM frequencies and how to schedule PM
    • Time-based or usage-based scheduling
    • How to measure PM effectiveness and results
    • How to measure and analyze downtime and downtime trends
    Predictive Maintenance Techniques, Applications, and Instrumentation
    • Elements of PdM (mechanical and electrical)
    • Equipment condition monitoring
    • Predicting potential equipment breakdowns or expensive repairs
    Specific PdM Techniques and Applications
    • Vibration analysis/monitoring
    • Shock pulse method
    • Spectrographic oil analysis
    • Ferrographic particle analysis
    • Thermography/temperature measurement
    • Non-destructive testing (NDT)
    • Ultrasonic testing and more
    Getting Organized for PdM
    • Planning for PdM; the preparatory steps
    • Starting with a PdM pilot program
    • Scheduling PdM
    • Combining PdM with PM for greatest overall effect and least cost
    • Organizational requirements
    Measuring Results of PdM
    • PdM database/data collection
    • Costs of PdM (equipment/instruments, labor, and services)
    • How to determine PdM benefits and return on investment (ROI)
    • Decision factors for in-house vs. contracted PdM
    Components of a Well-organized P/PdM Program
    • Equipment inventory/numbering system
    • Spare parts inventory/forecast
    • Sequence of tasks (PM and PdM routes)
    • Equipment and maintenance performance indicators and trends
    Combining Planned Maintenance, PM, PdM, and TPM for Best Overall Results at the Least Costs
    • Custom-making your maintenance system based on your equipment, plant location(s), and plant s