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          The travesty that is Australia's asylum seeker offshore detention policy -"If they had arrived by airplane and with a tourist visa then they would be here."         

It seems the truth will out.

After the United States completes its vetting of asylum seekers held in overseas detention by the Australian Government it is not obliged to take even one of those individuals U.S. immigration officials have examined.

In May 2017 the Department of Immigration and Border Protection confirmed 268 people had completed their second-stage security interview with US officials: 220 in Nauru and 48 on Manus Island.

U.S. immigration officials halted screening interviews and departed Nauru on 14 July 2017, two weeks short of their scheduled timetable and a day after Washington said the US had reached its annual refugee intake cap.

However, under the original agreement once that vetting is completed Australia becomes obliged to resettle between 20 and 50 people under a U.S. "Protection Transfer Arrangement" in Costa Rica set up to resettle refugees from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.

Prime Minister Turnbull verbally changed that undertaking to an open-ended number of people the Trump Administration might be “very keen on getting out of the United States”.

There is no indication that the U.S. Government intends to complete its vetting of those detained on Nauru and Manus islands.

The Washington Post, 3 August 2017:

The Washington Post has obtained transcripts of two conversations President Trump had with foreign leaders: one with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and another with Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull.
The transcripts were prepared by the White House but have not been released. The Post is publishing reproductions rather than original documents in order to protect sources. The reproductions below also include minor spelling and grammatical mistakes that appeared in the documents………………


JANUARY 28, 2017 FROM 5:05 TO 5:29 P.M. EST.

TURNBULL
Good evening.

TRUMP
Mr. Prime Minister, how are you?

TURNBULL
I am doing very well.

TRUMP
And I guess our friend Greg Norman, he is doing very well?

TURNBULL
He is a great mutual friend yes.

TRUMP
Well you say hello to him. He is a very good friend. By the way thank you very much for taking the call. I really appreciate it. It is really nice.

TURNBULL
Thank you very much. Everything is going very well. I want to congratulate you and Mike Pence on being sworn in now. I have spoken to you both now as you know. I know we are both looking to make our relationship which is very strong and intimate, stronger than ever – which I believe we can do.

TRUMP
Good.

TURNBULL
I believe you and I have similar backgrounds, unusual for politicians, more businessman but I look forward to working together.

TRUMP
That is exactly right. We do have similar backgrounds and it seems to be working in this climate – it is a crazy climate. Let me tell you this, it is an evil time but it is a complex time because we do not have uniforms standing in front of us. Instead, we have people in disguise. It is brutal. This ISIS thing â€“ it is something we are going to devote a lot of energy to it. I think we are going to be very successful.

TURNBULL
Absolutely. We have, as you know, taken a very strong line on national security and border protection here and when I was speaking with Jared Kushner just the other day and one of your immigration advisors in the White House we reflected on how our policies have helped to inform your approach. We are very much of the same mind. It is very interesting to know how you prioritize the minorities in your Executive Order. This is exactly what we have done with the program to bring in 12,000 Syrian refugees, 90% of which will be Christians. It will be quite deliberate and the position I have taken – I have been very open about it – is that it is a tragic fact of life that when the situation in the Middle East settles down – the people that are going to be most unlikely to have a continuing home are those Christian minorities. We have seen that in Iraq and so from our point of view, as a final destination for refugees, that is why we prioritize. It is not a sectarian thing. It is recognition of the practical political realities. We have a similar perspective in that respect.

TRUMP
Do you know four years ago Malcom, I was with a man who does this for a living. He was telling me, before the migration, that if you were a Christian from Syria, you had no chance of coming to the United States. Zero. They were the ones being persecuted. When I say persecuted, I mean their heads were being chopped off. If you were a Muslim we have nothing against Muslims, but if you were a Muslim you were not persecuted at least to the extent – but if you were a Muslim from Syria that was the number one place to get into the United States from. That was the easiest thing. But if you were a Christian from Syria you have no chance of getting into the United States. I just thought it was an incredible statistic. Totally true – and you have seen the same thing. It is incredible.

TURNBULL
Well, yes. Mr. President, can I return to the issue of the resettlement agreement that we had with the Obama administration with respect to some people on Nauru and Manus Island. I have written to you about this and Mike Pence and General Flynn spoke with Julie Bishop and my National Security Advisor yesterday. This is a very big issue for us, particularly domestically, and I do understand you are inclined to a different point of view than the Vice President.

TRUMP
Well, actually I just called for a total ban on Syria and from many different countries from where there is terror, and extreme vetting for everyone else – and somebody told me yesterday that close to 2,000 people are coming who are really probably troublesome. And I am saying, boy that will make us look awfully bad. Here I am calling for a ban where I am not letting anybody in and we take 2,000 people. Really it looks like 2,000 people that Australia does not want and I do not blame you by the way, but the United States has become like a dumping ground. You know Malcom, anybody that has a problem – you remember the Mariel boat lift, where Castro let everyone out of prison and Jimmy Carter accepted them with open arms. These were brutal people. Nobody said Castro was stupid, but now what are we talking about is 2,000 people that are actually imprisoned and that would actually come into the United States. I heard about this – I have to say I love Australia; I love the people of Australia. I have so many friends from Australia, but I said – geez that is a big ask, especially in light of the fact that we are so heavily in favor, not in favor, but we have no choice but to stop things. We have to stop. We have allowed so many people into our country that should not be here. We have our San Bernardino’s, we have had the World Trade Center come down because of people that should not have been in our country, and now we are supposed to take 2,000. It sends such a bad signal. You have no idea. It is such a bad thing.

TURNBULL
Can you hear me out Mr. President?

TRUMP
Yeah, go ahead.

TURNBULL
Yes, the agreement, which the Vice President just called the Foreign Minister about less than 24 hours ago and said your Administration would be continuing, does not require you to take 2,000 people. It does not require you to take any. It requires, in return, for us to do a number of things for the United States – this is a big deal, I think we should respect deals.

TRUMP
Who made the deal? Obama?

TURNBULL
Yes, but let me describe what it is. I think it is quite consistent. I think you can comply with it. It is absolutely consistent with your Executive Order so please just hear me out. The obligation is for the United States to look and examine and take up to and only if they so choose – 1,250 to 2,000. Every individual is subject to your vetting. You can decide to take them or to not take them after vetting. You can decide to take 1,000 or 100. It is entirely up to you. The obligation is to only go through the process. So that is the first thing. Secondly, the people — none of these people are from the conflict zone. They are basically economic refugees from Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. That is the vast bulk of them. They have been under our supervision for over three years now and we know exactly everything about them.

TRUMP
Why haven’t you let them out? Why have you not let them into your society?

TURNBULL
Okay, I will explain why. It is not because they are bad people. It is because in order to stop people smugglers, we had to deprive them of the product. So we said if you try to come to Australia by boat, even if we think you are the best person in the world, even if you are a Noble [sic] Prize winning genius, we will not let you in. Because the problem with the people —

TRUMP
That is a good idea. We should do that too. You are worse than I am.

TURNBULL
This is our experience.

TRUMP
Because you do not want to destroy your country. Look at what has happened in Germany. Look at what is happening in these countries. These people are crazy to let this happen. I spoke to Merkel today, and believe me, she wishes she did not do it. Germany is a mess because of what happened.

TURNBULL
I agree with you, letting one million Syrians walk into their country. It was one of the big factors in the Brexit vote, frankly.

TRUMP
Well, there could be two million people coming in Germany. Two million people. Can you believe it? It will never be the same.

TURNBULL
stood up at the UN in September and set up what our immigration policy was. I said that you cannot maintain popular support for immigration policy, multiculturalism, unless you can control your borders. The bottom line is that we got here. I am asking you as a very good friend. This is a big deal. It is really, really important to us that we maintain it. It does not oblige you to take one person that you do not want. As I have said, your homeland officials have visited and they have already interviewed these people. You can decide. It is at your discretion. So you have the wording in the Executive Order that enables the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State to admit people on a case by case basis in order to conform with an existing agreement. I do believe that you will never find a better friend to the United States than Australia. I say this to you sincerely that it is in the mutual interest of the United States to say, “yes, we can conform with that deal – we are not obliged to take anybody we do not want, we will go through extreme vetting” and that way you are seen to show the respect that a trusted ally wants and deserves. We will then hold up our end of the bargain by taking in our country 31 [inaudible] that you need to move on from.

TRUMP
Malcom [sic], why is this so important? I do not understand. This is going to kill me. I am the world’s greatest person that does not want to let people into the country. And now I am agreeing to take 2,000 people and I agree I can vet them, but that puts me in a bad position. It makes me look so bad and I have only been here a week.

TURNBULL
With great respect, that is not right – It is not 2,000.

TRUMP
Well, it is close. I have also heard like 5,000 as well.

TURNBULL
The given number in the agreement is 1,250 and it is entirely a matter of your vetting. I think that what you could say is that the Australian government is consistent with the principles set out in the Executive Order.

TRUMP
No, I do not want say that. I will just have to say that unfortunately I will have to live with what was said by Obama. I will say I hate it. Look, I spoke to Putin, Merkel, Abe of Japan, to France today, and this was my most unpleasant call because I will be honest with you. I hate taking these people. I guarantee you they are bad. That is why they are in prison right now. They are not going to be wonderful people who go on to work for the local milk people.

TURNBULL
I would not be so sure about that. They are basically —

TRUMP
Well, maybe you should let them out of prison. I am doing this because Obama made a bad deal. I am not doing this because it fits into my Executive Order. I am taking 2,000 people from Australia who are in prison and the day before I signed an Executive Order saying that we are not taking anybody in. We are not taking anybody in, those days are over.

TURNBULL
But can I say to you, there is nothing more important in business or politics than a deal is a deal. Look, you and I have a lot of mutual friends.
Look, I do not know how you got them to sign a deal like this, but that is how they lost the election. They said I had no way to 270 and I got 306. That is why they lost the election, because of stupid deals like this. You have brokered many a stupid deal in business and I respect you, but I guarantee that you broke many a stupid deal. This is a stupid deal. This deal will make me look terrible.

TURNBULL
Mr. President, I think this will make you look like a man who stands by the commitments of the United States. It shows that you are a committed —

TRUMP
Okay, this shows me to be a dope. I am not like this but, if I have to do it, I will do it but I do not like this at all. I will be honest with you. Not even a little bit. I think it is ridiculous and Obama should have never signed it. The only reason I will take them is because I have to honor a deal signed by my predecessor and it was a rotten deal. I say that it was a stupid deal like all the other deals that this country signed. You have to see what I am doing. I am unlocking deals that were made by people, these people were incompetent. I am not going to say that it fits within the realm of my Executive Order. We are going to allow 2,000 prisoners to come into our country and it is within the realm of my Executive Order? If that is the case my Executive Order does not mean anything Malcom [sic]. I look like a dope. The only way that I can do this is to say that my predecessor made a deal and I have no option then to honor the deal. I hate having to do it, but I am still going to vet them very closely. Suppose I vet them closely and I do not take any?

TURNBULL
That is the point I have been trying to make.

TRUMP
How does that help you?

TURNBULL
Well, we assume that we will act in good faith.

TRUMP
Does anybody know who these people are? Who are they? Where do they come from? Are they going to become the Boston bomber in five years? Or two years? Who are these people?

TURNBULL
Let me explain. We know exactly who they are. They have been on Nauru or Manus for over three years and the only reason we cannot let them into Australia is because of our commitment to not allow people to come by boat. Otherwise we would have let them in. If they had arrived by airplane and with a tourist visa then they would be here.

TRUMP
Malcom [sic], but they are arrived on a boat?

TURNBULL
Correct, we have stopped the boats.

TRUMP
Give them to the United States. We are like a dumping ground for the rest of the world. I have been here for a period of time, I just want this to stop. I look so foolish doing this. It [sic] know it is good for you but it is bad for me. It is horrible for me. This is what I am trying to stop. I do not want to have more San Bernardino’s or World Trade Centers. I could name 30 others, but I do not have enough time.

TURNBULL
These guys are not in that league. They are economic refugees.

TRUMP
Okay, good. Can Australia give me a guarantee that if we have any problems – you know that is what they said about the Boston bombers. They said they were wonderful young men.

TURNBULL
They were Russians. They were not from any of these countries.

TRUMP
They were from wherever they were.

TURNBULL
Please, if we can agree to stick to the deal, you have complete discretion in terms of a security assessment. The numbers are not 2,000 but 1,250 to start. Basically, we are taking people from the previous administration that they were very keen on getting out of the United States. We will take more. We will take anyone that you want us to take. The only people that we do not take are people who come by boat. So we would rather take a not very attractive guy that help you out then to take a Noble [sic] Peace Prize winner that comes by boat. That is the point.

TRUMP
What is the thing with boats? Why do you discriminate against boats? No, I know, they come from certain regions. I get it.

TURNBULL
No, let me explain why. The problem with the boats it that you are basically outsourcing your immigration program to people smugglers and also you get thousands of people drowning at sea. So what we say is, we will decide which people get to come to Australia who are refugees, economic migrants, businessmen, whatever. We decide. That is our decision. We are a generous multicultural immigration nation like the United States but the government decides, the people’s representatives decides. So that is the point. I am a highly transactional businessman like you and I know the deal has to work for both sides. Now Obama thought this deal worked for him and he drove a hard bargain with us – that it was agreed with Obama more than a year ago in the Oval Office, long before the election. The principles of the deal were agreed to.

TRUMP
I do not know what he got out of it. We never get anything out of it – START Treaty, the Iran deal. I do not know where they find these people to make these stupid deals. I am going to get killed on this thing.

TURNBULL
You will not.

TRUMP
Yes, I will be seen as a weak and ineffective leader in my first week by these people. This is a killer.

TURNBULL
You can certainly say that it was not a deal that you would have done, but you are going to stick with it.

TRUMP
I have no choice to say that about it. Malcom [sic], I am going to say that I have no choice but to honor my predecessor’s deal. I think it is a horrible deal, a disgusting deal that I would have never made. It is an embarrassment to the United States of America and you can say it just the way I said it. I will say it just that way. As far as I am concerned that is enough Malcom [sic]I have had it. I have been making these calls all day and this is the most unpleasant call all day. Putin was a pleasant call. This is ridiculous.

TURNBULL
Do you want to talk about Syria and DPRK?

TRUMP
[inaudible] this is crazy.

TURNBULL
Thank you for your commitment. It is very important to us.

TRUMP
It is important to you and it is embarrassing to me. It is an embarrassment to me, but at least I got you off the hook. So you put me back on the hook.

TURNBULL
You can count on me. I will be there again and again.

TRUMP
I hope so. Okay, thank you Malcolm.

TURNBULL
Okay, thank you.
END OF CALL

* My yellow highlighting.

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          MOBY DICK: Veselé Velikonoce        

Frustrovaní radikálové, dobří muslimové, dočasné používání, jaderný pohled, kvalita venezuelské gumy a duševně vyšinutí prezidenti

Sobota 8. dubna 2017


Nezachycený důstojník Scotland Yardu vysvětlil možný důvod radikalizace řidiče z Westminsterského mostu: Frustrovala ho pravicová propaganda, vyčítající machometánům, že vraždí bezvěrce.
"No oni židi Hitlera nejspíš taky hodně frustrovali..." (Žena Moby Dicka)



Frustrát zabil na místě tři lidi, než byl neutralizován, další dva zemřeli v nemocnici. S následky zranění se potýkají desítky lidí. Policie neobjevila žádné důkazy o propojení útočníka s Islámským státem nebo jinou teroristickou organizací, takže možná ani nebyl terorista.
"Jenom muslim." (Žena Moby Dicka)
"Špatný muslim." (Syrská Želva)
*

V noci našli norští policisté v centru Osla zařízení "podobné bombě". Následně ho řízeně odpálili. Byl zatčen podezřelý Rus.
"Spíše »člověk podobný Rusovi«." (Moby Dick)
"No, on Rusům právě moc podobný nebyl. Měl jen ruský pas." (Žena Moby Dicka)

Podezřelému je sedmnáct a žádal v Norsku o azyl. Tisková zpráva hovoří, že patřil ke kruhům "extrémního islamismu" v zemi. Zpravodajské služby o něm "věděly".
"Šlo jen o chlapecký nerozum." (Aase Karine Sigmond, obhájkyně hocha)
Clapec popírá, že by spáchal něco nezákonného – a "distancoval se od džihádistické organizace Islámský stát".

"Takže by ho měli pustit?" (Moby Dick)
"Ne, eliminovat." (Mrtvá Kočka)
*

Včera útočil jiný špatný muslim ve Stokholmu.
"Stejnej Rus jako ten dnešní." (Mrtvá Kočka)

Také on byl zpravodajským službám "znám". A protože nedostal azyl, byl posléze na podzim loňského roku – slušně požádán, ať je tak laskav a do půlky prosince dobrovolně opustí Švédsko.
"Avšak on byl nelaskav." (Moby Dick)
"Ale co jsme mohli dělat?" (Švédské bezpečnostní složky pro agenturu Muška na Zdi)
"Svoji práci." (Mrtvá Kočka)

Uzbecká policie mezitím oznámila, že na onoho "Rusa" vydala už v únoru mezinárodní zatykač kvůli podezření z náboženského extremismu, za což mu doma hrozilo až 20 let vězení.
"A proč toho frustráta švédská policie nezatkla? Když ještě měli od Uzbeků další echo o jeho terorismu?" (Moby Dick)
"Kvůli svobodě slova a náboženské svobodě." (Žena Moby Dicka)
"Kvůli svobodě vraždit jinověrce." (Mrtvá Kočka)
"A špatnověrce." (Syrská Želva)
*

Letadlová loď Carl Vinson se svým doprovodem nepojede ze Singapuru na přátelskou návštěvu Austrálie, jak bylo původně plánováno, avšak do vod "severního Pacifiku".
"Na pracovní návštěvu." (Mrtvá Kočka)

"USA jsou vysoce znepokojeny pokroky KLDR ve vývoji balistických raket. Myslím, že se (s Čínou) shodujeme na tom, jak je situace nebezpečná. A myslím, že i Čína začíná chápat, jakou hrozbu to představuje i pro její zájmy." (US ministr obrany Tillersonaurus Rex pro televizi CBS)
"Pokud porušujete mezinárodní dohody, nedodržujete závazky a stáváte se pro ostatní hrozbou, je pravděpodobné, že v určité chvíli přijde odpověď." (US ministr obrany Tillersonaurus Rex pro televizi ABC)
"Mluvil jste teď o Sýrii, nebo o Severní Koreji, pane ministře?" (Dotaz agentury Muška na Zdi)
"Koho svrbí, ať se škrábe." (T. Rex pro MnZ)
*

Ve Venezuele vrcholí týden demonstrací "opozice" proti bolíprezidentovi Mikuláši Magorovi. Policie proti ní nasadila obrněné vozy a slzný plyn.
"Proč ty uvozovky?" (Žena Moby Dicka)

Protože "opozice" před více než rokem vyhrála volby a má většinu v parlamentu. Tu opozice většinou nemívá. Magoro však jmenoval takový Nejvyšší soud, který parlament před 14 dny postavil pod správu vládních úřadů.

Opozice také obvykle nemá guvernéra distriktu hlavního města. Vůdce této "opozice", guvernér Henrique Capriles, hodlal kandidovat v blížících se prezidentských volbách. Ovšem vláda mu prý zakázala ucházet se 15 let o veřejné funkce, včetně funkce prezidentské. Capriles totiž "podněcuje násilnosti", tedy protivládní demonstrace.

Jo, ve Venezuele jmenuje vládu prezident bez ohledu na parlament.
"Nejen ve Venezuele, že, Mlhošu?" (Mrtvá Kočka)

Neděle 9. dubna 2017
Květnou nedělí začíná křesťanský pašiový týden.
"Paschiový." Žena Moby Dicka)

Kostely v egyptské Tantě a Alexandrii napadli radikálové. Při útocích bylo zabito nejméně 45 lidí, dalších 100 bylo zraněno. Radikálové mají důvod nemít rádi kopty: ti totiž v roce 2013 pomáhali svrhnout pana prezidenta Mohameda Mursího. Útoky na jiné křesťany než kopty se prý v Egyptě stávají velmi zřídka.

"Takže jiní křesťané mohou zůstat klidní." (Mrtvá Kočka)
"Papež Franta Jednička klidný zůstal. Do Egypta na konci dubna stejně pojede." (Moby Dick)

Franta při svém kázání vyjádřil hlubokou soustrast patriarchovi Tavardosovi II., koptské církvi a "celému drahému egyptskému národu". Modlí se za mrtvé a zraněné při útoku a prosí Boha, aby změnil srdce těch, kdo šíří teror, násilí a smrt.
"To nebude fungovat. Modlí se k jinému Bohu než teroristé." (Žena Moby Dicka)

"Radikálové" byli totiž muslimové, pokud to již čtenář neví.
"Špatní muslimové." (Syrská Želva)
*

Turci hlasovali o nové samoděržavé ústavě, která by vrátila Turecko do osmanských dob. Svůj hlas odevzdalo 1,3 milionu Turků ze tří milionů oprávněných voličů.

"Tak málo Turků?" (Moby Dick)
"Tak moc Turků v Německu." (Žena Moby Dicka)

Očekává se, že němečtí Turci budou hlasovat tak fifty-fifty. Ovšem jejich hlasy budou sečteny až příští týden, po skončení referenda v Turecku.

"A kde budou sečteny?" (Moby Dick)
"No v Turecku!" (Žena Moby Dicka)
"Takže už víme, jak to dopadne…" (Mrtvá Kočka)
*

Prezident Ruské federace Vladimir V. Putin zatelefonoval prezidentu Íránské islámské republiky Hasanu Rouháními, aby spolu projednali nepřípustnost agresivních akcí USA proti suverénnímu státu a narušení norem mezinárodního práva.

Pondělí 10. dubna 2017
Začíná osmidenní židovský svátek Pesach

Hladový venezuelský lid vychází do ulic. Už ne pouze inteligence a střední stav, ale i chudí. Ti, kteří dříve děkovali Chávezovi, později Magorovi za to, že dostali drobky z toho, co socialismus ukradl  a rozkradl. Už není z čeho krást. A miliardové dolarové půjčky od Ruské federace venezuelÅ¡tí soudruzi použili na nákup zbraní z Ruské federace…
"A teď se jim hodí." (Mrtvá Kočka)
*

"Není tajemstvím, že v letech Vietnamské války hlavní část boje s americkým letectvem na sobě neslo místní dělostřelectvo s podporou sovětských instruktorů a vojenských specialistů. Nikdo nám nebrání cvičit syrské vojáky v práci s našimi moderními systémy protivzdušné obrany, a potom tuto techniku předat Ozbrojeným silám Syrské arabské republiky na dočasné používání. Takovým způsobem Syřané sami dokáží ochránit své strategicky důležité objekty bez přímé účasti našich střelců." (Hlavní redaktor ruského časopisu Národní obrana Igor Korotčenko pro RIA Novosti)

Připomeňme zde, že krom sovětských a ruských raket mohou Syřané využívat i přítomnosti Revolučních gard z Íránu, jehož rakety byly vyvinuty za pomoci severokorejských specialistů. Kruh se uzavírá. Vlastně ne kruh. Ani osa. Už před třemi lety to kolega Šaman napsal:

"Osvědčená kliková hřídel zla se otáčí – od Číny, přes Rusko, Írán, až po bolívarské režimy Jižní Ameriky."

Třetí světová válka už dávno propukla.

Úterý 11. dubna 2017

Sedm špatných muslimů připravovalo další atentát na egyptské křesťany. Pardon – kopty. Egyptští policajti je dopadli a v přestřelce zabili.
"Dobří muslimové!" (Syrská Želva)
*

Úderná skupina lodí Carl Vinson se blíží ke korejským břehům.

"Naše silná revoluční armáda bedlivě sleduje každý krok nepřátelských elementů a náš jaderný pohled je zaměřen nejen na invazní základny USA v Jižní Koreji a na jeviště pacifických operací, ale také na americkou pevninu." (Rodong Sinmun, aneb Dělnické noviny, tiskový orgán ÚV Dělnické strany Koreje, hádejte které)

"Severní Korea si koleduje o nepříjemnosti. Bude skvělé, jestli se Čína rozhodne pomoci. Jestli ne, tak my vyřešíme problém bez nich!" (Tvít US prezidenta Kačera Donalda Trumpa)
"Prezidenti by neměli tvítovat." (Žena Moby Dicka)
"Ani jejich mluvčí." (Mrtvá Kočka)
*

Demonstrace ve venezuelském městě Barquisimeto skončila střelbou gumovými projektily, po níž zemřeli dva demonstranti (32 a 36 let). Jednomu z nich gumové projektily prostřelily plíce a játra.

"Gumové projektily prostřelily plíce a játra???" (Žena Moby Dicka)
"To neznáš kvalitu venezuelské gumy!" (Mrtvá Kočka)

Středa 12. dubna 2017
Světový den kosmonautiky

Marek Dalík propuštěn z vězení po zásahu Nejvyššího soudu. Už po sedmi a půl měsících po nástupu do vězení. Nikdo neví proč ho pustili – ani pravomocně odsouzený zlobbista. Nicméně z vězení odjel svým SUV Volvem, které si sám řídil.
"Asi ho měl v šatní skříňce." (Moby Dick)

Marek byl sice pravomocně odsouzen ke čtyřletému vězení a zaplacení čtyř milionů korun kvůli svému působení při nákupu obrněných vozů Pandur, při kterém si prokazatelně (dvě nezávislé výpovědi hodnověrných svědků a zachycený Dalíkův mail) řekl celkem o asi půl miliardy korun, avšak nižší soudy se nemohly shodnout na tom, jestli to byl úplatek anebo podvod. Takže tady je jasná pochybnost.

"Zas ta trapná nejistota!" (Moby Dick)
"Spíš trapná jistota." (Mrtvá Kočka)
"Zdá se, že u nás je rozhodující právo zloděje krást." (Žena Moby Dicka)
"Musel jsem! Abych měl na úplatky Nejvyšším." (Marek Dalík podle agentury Muška na Zdi)

"Byl to jen podvod. Pan Dalík nemohl mít na rozhodnutí o nákupu obrněnců žádný vliv." (Nezachycený obhájce pana Dalíka)
"Ale kurňa, že mohl!" (Mirek Topolánek)

O případu při rychlosti české justice a při jejím rozvrkočeném stavu nejspíš rozhodne skutečně až ten soud Nejvyšší!!!
*

Právě před týdnem jsme psali, že Rusko a Čína zase určitě zvetí rezoluci Rady bezpečnosti OSN, která by odsuzovala chemický útok v Sýrii z minulého týdne a požadovala jeho přísné vyšetření. No, tak nakonec stačilo Rusko. Rusům vadil požadavek na syrskou vládu – aby s mezinárodními vyšetřovateli plně spolupracovala!

???

"Tohle je moment pravdy." (Generální tajemník OSN António Guterres před týdnem)
"Možná nevíme, co je pravda, ale prokázalo se, kdo je tady lhář." (Žena Moby Dicka)

"Kolik rezolucí RB k Sýrii vlastně už Larvov zvetil?" (Moby Dick)
"Všechny." (Mrtvá Kočka)

US prezident Kačer Donald Trump se tentokrát zase jednou projevil jako roztomilý popleta, když pochválil Čínu, že se zdržela hlasování.
"Bylo to úžasné. Takovým hlasováním jsem byl poctěn." (K.D.Trump)
"Nemuseli být proti. Špinavou práci za ně odvedlo Rusko." (Žena Moby Dicka)
*

US ministr zahraničních věcí Tillersonaurus Rex přibyl do Moskvy na přátelskou a pracovní návštěvu.

"Na nepřátelskou návštěvu." (Moby Dick)
"Ne na přátelskou, ale nikoli na nepřátelskou." (Žena Moby Dicka)

T. Rex se setkal na pracovním obědě s RF ministrem zahraničí Sergejem Larvovem. Jednání trvala okolo pěti hodin.
"Oběd měl asi hodně chodů." (Moby Dick)
"To si piš." (Mrtvá Kočka)

Jednání byla "konstruktivní". Ruský diplomatický zdroj, nejmenovaný, pochválil Rexe slovy: "Dělá silný dojem. Nerad se baví s novináři, ale na jednáních si samozřejmě vede skvěle. Vedle něj Kerry (bývalý US ministr zahraničí) samozřejmě vypadá výrazně slabší."
"Možná proto Rexe americká levičácká média tak nenávidí." (Žena Moby Dicka)

Po obědě byl ještě podáván nečekaný zákusek – oba pány přijal i sám samoděržavý carprezident Vladimir Vladimirovič Putin. Ačkoliv to předtím tak nevypadalo, když se báťuška ostře ohradil proti pátečnímu zásahu amerických tomahavků do vnitrosyrských záležitostí.
"Do vnitroruských záležitostí." (Mrtvá Kočka)

Rex na setkání panu prezidentovi velmi netaktně připomněl, že jeho kámoš Asad použil v boji chemické zbraně už při více než padesáti příležitostech.
"Vole." (Mrtvá Kočka)

Mobyho menažerie upozorňovala už na podzim, že T.Rex není v žádném případě "Putinovým přítelem" a málem ruským agentem, jak o tom referovala americká média, a jak je papouškovala média naše. Snad si toho soudruzi už všimli.
"A teď přemýšlejí, proč je špatně zase tohle." (Mrtvá Kočka)

Čtvrtek 13. dubna 2017, Zelený
Křesťané vzpomínají sederové pesachové večeře rabbi Jošuy.

Venezuelané nebudou mít zřejmě co lámat. Cena chleba je totiž socialistickým státem regulovaná, stejně jako příděl mouky pro pekárny. Zatímco cena se nesmí zvyšovat, stát přestává dodávat pekárnám mouku, pekaři pak nemají z čeho péct.
"Před pekárnami se už netvoří fronty, protože chleba prostě není." (Hladový obyvatel Caracasu pro list ABC)

A kdo za to může?
"Pekaři a jiní buržoazní opozičníci v žoldu amerických imperialistů." (Mikuláš Magoro, venezuelský bolíprezident)

Strana a vláda se však stará. Ustanovila celkem 15.000 místních Výborů pro zásobování a produkci (Clap), které rozdělují subvencované potravinové balíčky.

"Těch, co žijí sami, nebo těch, co nejsou v partaji, se to netýká." (Vyjádření venezuelských bolíúřadů)

Dnešní pochodová demoška studentů a mládeže v Caracasu byl pokojná. Skoro až do konce. Než se jí do cesty postavily stovky těžkooděnců. A tentokrát to nebylo jako na Národní. O život přišli dva vysokoškoláci a třináctiletý chlapec.

Pátek 14. dubna 2017, Veliký

Skutečně Veliký den nastane až zítra. To oslaví své 105. narozeniny Věčný prezident KLDR Kim Ir-sen, bývalý člen KSČ, který korejskému lidu přinesl ideu marxismu-leninismu, již posléze přestavěl do podoby reálného čučche socialismu. Největší popularitu u Stalina a Mao Ce-tunga získal tím, když rozpoutal korejskou válku, která měla v letech 1950−1953 několik milionů obětí. Jeho vnouče se snaží jít ve stopách děda – masového vraha.

Před dvěma týdny zveřejnili čučcháci propagandistické video, jak úspěšně útočí právě na Carla Vinsona. Nu, uvidíme, jak to dopadne. Takhle by to podle komunistů mělo vypadat:



Neobratná sice fotomontáž, avšak doprovázená břesknou pochodovou muzikou a nadšeným hlasem hlasatelky, která zřejmě během svého přednesu několikrát ejakulovala.
"Moby, dámy neejakulují, ony mají orgasmus." (Mrtvá Kočka)
"Tak tahle ejakulovala." (Moby Dick)
*

"Kdokoli, kdo vyvolá konflikt na Korejském poloostrově, za to zaplatí značnou cenu." (Wang I , ministr zahraničí ČLR při pekingském setkání s francouzským kolegou Jeanem-Markem)

Tak on se ten konflikt nemusí vyvolávat, korejská válka dosud formálně neskončila.
*

Podezřelý palestinský Arab z Východního Jeruzaléma útočil kuchyňským nožem v místní tramvaji. Zabil 25letou britskou turistku a zranil těhotnou ženu a staršího muže. Policie ho, bohužel, zatkla. Agentura AFP uvádí, že v roce 2011 byl souzen za sexuální napadení své dcery, načež se pokusil o sebevraždu. Na psychiatrii ho z toho zjevně vyléčili. Titulky tedy říkají, že útočil "duševně nemocný Palestinec". Možná totiž i něco křičel. Tentokrát nešlo primárně o útok na židy, ale pravděpodobně na křesťanskou poutnici, která do svatého města Jeruzaléma přijela slavit Velikonoce.

Připomeňme, že tyto "duševně vyšinuté útoky" nožem probíhají v Izraeli od roku 2015, kdy k nim vyzval autoritářský "prezident" Mahmúd Abbás, kterému už dávno vypršelo jeho funkční období, a který setrvává na svém postu i nadále.

"Duševně vyšinutý Abbás." (Mrtvá Kočka)

A to za podpory světového společenství.

"Duševně vyšinutého společenství." (Mrtvá Kočka)
***

Moby Dick a jeho menažerie se omlouvají, že pro nedostatek času a prostoru nepokrývají všechny zprávy týdne. Ale snaží se hlavně nacházet souvislosti věcí pod popvrchem.
Podněty, připomínky, upřesnění, protesty a jiné výkřiky čtenářů Deníčku Moby Dicka lze posílat na i schránku moby.dick@seznam.cz .
Všem dík!
>>:)) Moby Dick
          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
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Togo - Lome
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Tunézia - Tunis
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Uruguay - Montevideo
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Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

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FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

OECD says Panama pledge a positive step

The country faces a review on its financial services sector by the Global Forum.


Following the announcement of President Juan Carlos Varela on the commitment of Panama to exchange financial information, the director of the Center for Fiscal Policy and Administration of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Pascal Saint-Amans acknowledged that the pledge is a step forward for Panama but said the country still has a long way to go.
Saint-Amans spoke with La Prensa during the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, which concluded yesterday in Lima, Peru. The following are questions and answers from the interview.
What do you think of Varela's pledge?
It is a good step forward. In October of last year, 94 countries committed themselves to the automatic exchange of information. They pledged to implement the standard. Panama was one of the few jurisdictions that did not make the pledge, along with Bahrain, the Marshall Islands, Vanuatu and Nauru, with Panama being the only significant financial center.
Panama said it would exchange information, but that it would not accede to a multilateral convention. what is your opinion of that?
From a legal point of view, once a commitment is made, it has to be implemented. To share information, it can be done through a multilateral convention, or it can be done bilaterally. In that case, one should move fast if you want to grant the exchange of information to all interested countries that meet the standard of confidentiality.
Do you think that Panama will pass to the second phase of the review of its jurisdiction?
The peer review, which includes 30 countries, has made that recommendation to the Global Forum, which has until the end of October to decide. I think it was premature of Panama to announce that, as it broke the rules of confidentiality. It is more than likely, but who knows. There are members of the Global Forum who are not in the peer review group. We have to wait for the Global Forum, which is the sole decision-making body in this matter. In substance, it is true that the members of the review group have recognized some progress that was made in Panama.

Varela said that debate on the exchange of information should be conducted in the UN. Do you agree?
It is an opinion I respect completely. But in this case, there are 127 jurisdictions, including Panama, that are members of the Global Forum. What matters is that all countries are equal. No longer is the OECD a group of countries dictating what rules other countries have to make.
In Panama there is a concern because the steps demanded by the OECD could hurt the competitiveness of the financial services industry. Do you agree?
It is not true. Because all countries have moved. What happens is actually the opposite. Panama won a competitive advantage by not conforming. That is why other countries think that the situation is very unfair because Panama is receiving money that they have lost. The perception in Panama is really different from the perception outside.
Do you think that those flows of money look to hide the funds from tax authorities?
The reviewer group will decide that. But that's basically what we heard from the banking industry.
In the country there is a sense that a double standard is used. That the United States is not required to provide information with the same level of transparency that it demands from Panama. Is that a fair statement?
The rules are the same the United States is expected to act with reciprocity with any other country. Look at the review of the United States. It has a mark in regards to beneficiaries and they have to change. Currently they are providing required information, but not enough


- See more at: https://ssl.prensa.com/suscdigital

See also 
More Pascal Saint-Amans statements in Panama: Profits for two men and a dog http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2015/07/panama-profits-for-two-men-and-dog.html
The Economic Case for Tax Havens http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2014/10/the-economic-case-for-tax-havens.html




          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





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          InstaCasino Exclusive First Deposit Bonus        

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          Runolaskimo vaiko -valtimo...        

Pakko laittaa nämä runoni tänne talteen etten hukkaa niitä - ne on fb-runoja ja muistiossa työpöydällä, joten suuri mahdollisuus niillä kadota taivahan tietymättömiin. Eilen tulin Valamosta kotiin, oli ihana pitkä viikonloppu - Taiteilija kilvoittelijana-seminaariin pääsin osallistumaan! Kun voimat käy vähiin ja keho senkun rapistuu, on saatava pään sisälle uusia asioita ja ylipäätään jotain muuta kuin tiskiä, ruuanlaittoa ja murheita. Niissä voi kylpeä täällä kotikonnuilla ihan työkseen.

Siis, runoja, täältä. Kohta kuvien alla.

Mää tahron yällä pimiäs loistavan kellon
Tai kukon jota kevyesti puristamal saan tietä aamuyön ajan niinku tahron
Kun tua mikreenipäiväkirja tahtoo et mää oon ajan tasal kun otan pillerin

Nii sitten saankin konstanttinoopolist viesti johon en uskaltais vastata ees syrämellä
Kysymyksen toiselt puolelt maalimaa et onko kruunun pehmusteen oltava siis nahkaa
Ja viel saan yllätävä kukkakimpun eestist
Ja paapelin tornin sekamelskas unohan
Et se mikreenikalenteri munt pakotutti hereille -
Ja viel pitäis yhtäkkii pohtii jaksaako kolme kipeetä miestä yheskoos lapioilla kaivaa ylös yhen kivenjärkäleen

Ja ulkont kuuluu pakettiauton pakkipiipitys
Ja mää vuotan et koht se räjähtää vissii.

Ihmeellisii on pääkaupunkin yöt
Ja messenkeeri
Jos unilääkkees yrittää olla kunno ihmine.
Kuhu siis mun uni katos?

-----

Leikin
Että yöllinen heräämiseni
On herkkä pieni ruukkukasvi
Sisäpihalle antavalle
Ikkunalaudalla
Se hiukan hätkähti pihan keskiöisiä valoja
Ovien käymisiä
Ihmisten palaamista baareista

Lopen uupuneena
Tirautan sille tilkan vettä
Ja rakkautta mielikuvituskannustani
Tule uni takaisin
Rauhoita herkän mimoosani
Pomppiva sielu
Pienellä ikkunalaudalla nyt vain sattuu olemaan
Liian herättävät näkymät
Kun ihmiset taivaltavat pitkin öisiä murheitaan
Tässä kummallisessa
Tupaten täydessä kaupungissa
Jossa tapa suojautua on lasikuuppa
Ja itsekseen puhuminen

Rauhoitu pieni sielu parka.

--------------

Tyynyni alla mutisee nainen
Pimeää leikkaa kuunvaloinen viiru ikkunassa
Eikä vintage-verho näy sen valossa

Äkkiä puhe katkeaa
Tyyny sattuu ohimoon
Haluaisin nukkua mutta
Tässä hiljaisuudessa kuuluu saksien ääni
Rakennusmuovin, tussin kahina
Äänetön pohdinta mittavirheistä
Huoli heräämisestä
Jaksamisesta

Pienellä liikkeellä saan
Naisen taas mutisemaan
Ilman tyynyä puhe kuulostaisi liian raikkaalta, herättäisi muutkin
Aikakatkaisu 45 minuuttia, tule, tule uni.

---

Baba Yaga kopistaa seinääni
Pyrkii sisään koko lyhyen vartensa voimalla
Hakkaa suurella vihdalla ikkunan alla
Piiskaa hirsiä ja työntää olkapäällään
Ja mitä minä olen tehnyt?
Valvonut, valittanut kipeitä luitani

Satujen mustat linnut likistyvät
makuuhuoneen ikkunalaseihin
peittävät kahisevat
nokisiipiset

Lumi liukuu maan sisään solakoina puroina
Baba Yaga, kananjalkatalosi kastuu.

--------

Silmä välttää niin mummu kipuaa jalkansa lapiolle,
Painaa sitä viistosti saviseen jankkoon,
Ohuen kaarevan tyydyttävän rapean liuskan savenharmaata maansiunausta ja kastematojakin saa
Kerta toisensa jälkeen
Tuntee leveän tylpän
Aidon maalaispiston jalkapohjassaan
Siinä missä on päkiän ahkera paksu kohta
Ja pihasandaalin heikoin kohta kuumottaa
Kun nokialaiset jo luovuttivat työvuosien uuvuttamana

Ja kas, ojasta kyljellään löytää itsensä hän.
Mummu pajukossa, pehmeitten kantavien
Pitkien notkeiden pajujen sylissä .
Siitä mummu nyt tehty, kellahteluista, vaimeista tukahdetuista tuhmista sanoista, lentävistä lapioista, kaatuneista kottikärryistä, teinien äidistä joka kerrassaanmurehtii tätä kupsahtelua.
Jos edes pehmeästi putoaisi.
Pidä aina pehmeä pensas oikealla puolellasi. Oikealle jalalle pitää tuotapikaa kirjoittaa oma runo.

-----------------

Kukapa tietää
Jos elämän tarkoitus
Onkin runoilla?

---

Kirjoittaa tankan,
niin kuin hyppäisi veteen.
Räpiköi nopsaan
vilusta kankeana
rantahiekalle, raukka!

------------

Toisaalla narahtelevat epävireiset viulut
Hartsipöly tuprahtelee jousista
lyhyinä kiivaina pilvinä
Autojen huurteiset konepellit
liukuvat äkkijarrutuksiin risteyksissä
Nilkat taipuvat vahingossa porttikongissa
Hiprakan somistamat suut nauravat
Helmat keinahtavat toisiaan vasten
Laukut heilahtavat
Yö yö jälkeen palaavat taas koteihinsa
palelevat, keveät naiset

Taivaankappaleista luen: kuu on
liki puolillaan ja Venus nousee tasajalkaa sen kanssa.
Eteläisen taivaan ankkurit, niitten vakavat reitit ja hiljaisuus ritisevässä pakkasessa
Seinien läpi kuulen miten varjot liikkuvat pensaissa
Linnut vetävät laihanohuet jalkansa vatsauntuvien uumeniin
Peurojen polku syntyy pajukkoon
pahvihangen rasahtaessa.

------------------------

Minä haluaisin olla aurinko
Loistaisin kaikille joiden harteilla on raskas suru
Haluaisin olla mykistävän ihana kuu ja tähtien telttakangas maanpiirin yllä
Olisin se usva, jonka haalistuttua sanoisivat
Kas tuollahan se tie kulkee
Että selvittiinpä
Vaikka tienpiennar yllytti syöksymään rotkoon
Ja voisin olla kallio jolle kiipeämällä löytyisi parhaat näköalat
Haluaisin olla järvi josta nousee kalaa kalan perään niin että nauru raikuisi kaislikoitten syysruskeissa tupsuissa
Ja rannan koivikko varistaisi kirpeänkeltaiset lehtensä pikku veneiksi mielikuvituksen soudettaviksi

Olisin suolampi jonka kituliaat puut saisivat kulkijan huokaamaan ilosta
Suovillojen täplittäessä maisemaa hirvien kulkiessa polviaan myöten hetteikössä arvokaasti hiljaa kuin ikiaikaiset kuninkaat

Olisin se hetki kun kaikki on kuten pitää
Eikä missään olisi enää paranneltavaa
Millinkään vertaa.

Mul pole midagi öelda eesti keeles nüüd, eile tulime koju Valamo kloostrist ja on hea meel - kuid minu parem jalg on halb, ja pea segaduses kõikedest ilusast ja rõõmsast!

          vanhojen fb-päivitysten helmet        
Moikka! Päätin rueta Saran postauksen innoittamana kaivelemaan mun Facebookin seinää. Aloitin tossa kuuden aikaan, ja kello on kohta kymmenen. Vois kai sitä vapaapäivää paremminkin viettää, mutta sain kyllä hyvät naurut vanhoista päivityksistä. Äsken rupesin vielä piilottelemaan päivityksiä vain itselle näkyväksi. Oli sen verran hidasta hommaa, että täytyy jatkaa joku toinen päivä:D

Nykyään en päivitä Facebookiin oikeastaan muuta, kuin kuvia silloin tällöin. En tajua, miten oon jaksanu vääntää joskus nuorempana satoja turhempaakin turhempia tilapäivityksiä. Pahoittelut mun silloisille fb-kavereille... Nää postaukseen valitut päivitykset ovat vuosilta 2008-2012, eli olin silloin vielä ihan teini. Sen kyllä huomaa! En enää yhtään ihmettele, että miksi ihmiset piti mua niin nolona niihin aikoihin. Pitää varmasti edelleen, mutta on noista ajoista ehkä vähän rauhoituttu ja järkeäkin on tullut päähän ainakin hieman lisää. Luojalle kiitos siitä, että tuolloin ei ollut vielä esimerkiksi Snapchattia.

Päivityksiä oli tosiaan satoja, joten koitin poimia joukosta vaan parhaimmat postausta varten. Silti näitä riittää aika paljon... Selkeyden vuoksi jaottelin päivitykset kategorioihin. Kuvituksena vanhoja (blogissakin vilahtaneita) kuvia samoilta ajoilta!


AHKERA OPISKELIJA
Kouluun liittyviä päivityksiä, olisi ehkä vähän voinut tsempata. Näistä päivityksistä se ei pahemmin välity, mutta oikeasti mulla meni ihan hyvin suurimman osan ajasta.

 "ei jaksa mennä ekoille tunneille"

"sai matikan kokeesta 8-, mitä ihmettä ?:D" 
(välillä näinkin päin)

"sai liput pete parkkosen konserttiin keskiarvon korottamisen takia : DD" 
(miks mä en muista olleeni kuitenkaan millään keikalla?)

"jotkut menee kouluun mut mäpä meenki ouluun --->" 
(hehheh!)

"nukahtaa varmaan kohta kemian tunnille. no mut koulun jälkeen shoppaamaan, nam" 

"ei jaksanu mennä pv tunnille joten koulu alkaaki sit vasta 10.50 !" 

"huoh joku kirjastotunti"

"voi perse joku ruotsin koe" 
(ja tää oli kaks päivää ton edellisen jälkeen, on ollut motivaatio kohdillaan:D)

"taidan ottaa varaslähdön lomalle, en nimittäi jaksa mennä ruotsin ja matikan tunneille :: ))"

"öö miks helvetissä mulle on varattu aika erityisopetukseen??" 
(en muistaakseni koskaan joutunut erityisopetukseen)

"nukahtaa jostain syystä aina kun avaa maantiedon kirjan...."

"''esim kun perunasta syntyy uusia perunoita, muokkaa ympäristö kaikista niistä erilaisia, kuten käy kaikilla muillakin SUVULLISESTI lisääntyvillä eliöillä'' eli mun mielestä perunat harrastavat seksiä, aiivan"

"biologia HYLÄTTY, great"
(en yhtään ihmettele jos vastaukset on olleet ton ylemmän luokkaa)

"jotenki kummasti ilta menny historian sijasta asoksen tilausta tehdessä....."

"pakkohan se oli ottaa vähän omaa lomaa koulusta ku on niin hyvä ilma"

"''hei nuoret naiset, poissaolotilastonne näyttävät aika rumilta. (yksittäisiä tunteja monena päivänä) saisinko selityksen? (todellisia syitä) timoP'' ::D sillä viisii"

"vapiskaa, mä pääsin oppilaskunnan hallitukseen:D"
(halusin sinne vaan siksi, että pääsisin oppitunneilta pois kokousten takia)

"olis ehkä pitäny keskittyä ennemmin äikän tekstitaitoon ku siihen että pääsee mahdollisimman nopeesti kotiin tilaamaan kenkiä 12.00 alkavasta tarjouksesta.... no sainpahan ainaki uusia kenkiä!"
(oon sanaton... ehkä tän takia arvosana ei sitten myöhemmin miellyttänyt)

004-1


KÄNNIÄÄLIÖ
Eli niitä ihania kännipäivityksiä...
 

"oeln ok"
(kiitos tiedosta)

"etttä seööamem ilta, mihin kaikki katos ? jalat on ihanan kipet ja sille e"

"GOOSD MOORNINF MIS SUNSHINE1mite ois vieläparir++? "

"ppeili meni rikki, juomat katos, jalajssa lasinrisu, toisen ajaln varpaat turvonnu, svaatteet hukassa, jatsi paniikissa, oona kännissä, lattiat tyämnä nuuskaa, lasinsiruja, juomia yms, bileet esenu paranee♥"
(noihin aikoihin alkolukko feissiin ois ollu ihan hyvä...)

"''se on oikeesti sellanen pokemon, ihan ku joku schumacher'' kännissä olen fiksu"

"kävi kännissä tivolissa;)"
(huvipuisto kyseessä, ei baari)

"tulipahan tehtyä töissä tiskialtaan kanssa vähän lähempää tuttavuutta...."
(olin kesätöissä tiskaajana ja oli vähän huono olo)

"no se ilta loppu lyhyeen, kiitos vaan virkavallan!"

"Ensiavussa: sannaa ommellaan, meitsi juo, samu istuu jee"

2lbm22t


HYVÄ SENJA!
Mulle sattui ja tapahtui (ja sattuu ja tapahtuu vielä nykyäänkin) milloin mitäkin, tässä vähän otteita mun toilailuista.
 

 "ajoi mopoautolla 20 kilometriä, tietysti ilman korttia ; )"
(maalaistiellä, jossa ei ole liikennettä juuri ollenkaan)

"kaks väriä+värinpoisto = hiuksia lähtee päästä : (("

"osti yöllä ranskikset, tiputti ne kaikki maahan, keräsi takaisin ja söi ne. nam"

"rikkoi eilen puhelimensa : (("

"paiskasi just puhelimensa lattialle ja se meni rikki, yhyy"
(ja tämä päivitys neljä päivää ton edellisen jälkeen, ei hyvä luoja sentään)

"varvas paketissa, ihan jees"

"ens kerralla vois muistaa laittaa vaikkapa leivinjauhetta valkosuklaamokkapaloihin, tuli kyllä aika karseeta jälkee ilman........"

"onnistui rikkomaan jo kolmannen kameran, great"
(oon aina ollu tosi hyvä teknologian kanssa...)

"koitti värjätä hiukset vaaleenruskeeks niin eikö vaan tullu tummanruskeet, jes -.- eikun vaan ostamaan miljoona värinpoistoo"
(ja tukka kiittää!)

"sai tänään uuden puhelimen ja onnistu jo kolhimaan sen....."

"oh no tilasin vahingossa kaks vanhojen tanssimekkoo joita ei voi palauttaa:D"

"yks näppäin puhelimesta hukassa, hyvin jatkuu tää puhelimien rikkomisputki....."

"sinne hajos läppäri, eihän tuo kestänykään mun hellässä hoivassa ku 10kk"

"on sitten ilmeisesti menossa naimisiin kun vanhojen tanssimekko saapui valkosena, vaikkei todellakaan pitäny. great!"

"ei voi enää olla edes totta, tilasin uuden vanhojen tanssi mekon ku se edellinen mekko oli väärän värinen, nyt sitten se uus mekko tuli ja oli eri värinen ja ihan erilainen mekko! apuaa"
(tää mekkoepisodi oli kyllä melkoinen, onneks olin ajoissa liikenteessä ja lopulta sain oikean mekon)

"jooo nostin tossa 40e automaatista ja unohin ottaa ne rahat siitä, töhö vai töhö?"

"oli ainaki esimerkillinen harjotusinssi mulla; liian läheltä pysäköityä autoa (hylätty), katsastuskonttorin pihaan meno (hylätty), pihasta poistuminen (hylätty), ohitustielle liittyminen (virhe), ylinopeus 20km/h (hylätty), vaihteitten käyttö (virhe), kevyen liikenteen havannointi (3x virhe), 1-suuntaisella kaistan vaihto katveet (3x hylätty), väärälle kaistalle kääntyminen (virhe)"

"yhen päivän ollu kortti ja heti ekat sakot, jes!"
(parkkisakot)

"polvi niin paskana ettei pysty kävelee ja keskiviikkona alkas työt, hyvä minä!"

"ilta tuli kruunattua komeella ilmalennolla ja nyt onki sitten polvet verillä again"

"se tunne ku menet h&m:n kassalle, rupeet maksaa ja huomaat että kaikki sun rahat on varastettu. kiitos paljon!"

"teki pitkän uran (taas) puhelimyyjänä, parin tunnin koulutus ja päälle tunti soittelua -> loparit"

"ei vittu vois enää paremmin mennä, puhelin hävis tivoliin! kiitos vaan ihan helvetin paljon sille joka halus mun vanhan paskan puhelimen, olis voinu säästää edes sim-kortin"
(tällä kertaa baari kyseessä)

011-1


KAIKKIA KIINNOSTAA
Turhaakin turhempia päivityksiä. Mulla oli esimerkiksi miljoona "väsyttää" -päivitystä ja kaikkea vastaavaa, tässä nyt vaan muutama esimerkki.


"heräs juuri"

"alone at home"

"ja turvonnut silmä♥"

"grillasi itseään pari tuntia, mut sitten aurinko päätti mennä pilveen : ("

"vittuuu kiinalainen oli kiinni niin piti tyytyä rossoon : ("

"pakko muuttaa pois ja äkkiä, hate this city"

"voi vitun paska bb, en kato enää"
(näitä bb-päivityksiä riitti, eli katsoin kuitenkin:D)

"voitettiin ! oli aika mielenkiintonen paluumatka, puheenaiheena ei ainakaan olleet tukirintaliivit ja puudelit..."

"otti just bikinit päällä aurinkoo : D"
(okei tää oli toukokuun alussa kirjoitettu, eli veikkaan että keli on ollut vähän viileähkö auringon ottamiseen)

i3x5d4


WTF?
 Sekalaisia, omituisia tai muuten vaan hölmöjä päivityksiä.


"hates vartijat"

"voi luoja mulla ei oo enää veliä, eii vittu että hävettää"
(mitä lie tehnyt :'D)

"veljeni on maailman noloin"
(ja mä ilmoitan siitä Facebookissa koska...?)

"lol joku oli juorunnu sossuille mun ja oonan juomien määrät, get a life !:D"

"nyto nhujajjjjjjjhjujaam gmhikkaa, viutuu non känseju"
(en oo varma kuuluisko tää tonne kännikategoriaan)

"äiti sekos, taidan lähtee evakkoon"

"ööö mitä ihmettä, joku seko soitti mulle ja kysy oonko senja, sit se selitti että löys jotai mun pippalokuvia alastomasta suomesta ja siellä oli mun numero, siis mitä vittua?: DDD"
(en edes muistanut tällaista, mutta noihin aikoihin mun kuvia käytettiin feikkiprofiileihin mm. Irc-Galleriassa)

"mitä vittua mun nimellä ei voi tilata ellee koska joku idiootti on tilannu mun nimellä joskus seiskan niin mun nimi on leimattu valetilaajaks : D että kiitti vaan sille joka tilas"

"kaipaako joku mustia miesten kenkiä, ruskeeta tai mustaa neuletakkia, pipoo tai villasukkia?"
(tais olla kotibileiden jäljiltä jäänyttä tavaraa)

"lol kiinnostais kyllä muaki tietää että mitä oon muka tehny perjantaina -.-"

"joo kertokaa toki mullekki mitä mä oon muka tehny ! -.-"
(niin mitä?)

"parasta tilata vaatteita ku porukat on kännissä"
(ilmeisesti rahahanat aukesivat helpommin:D)

"ei jumatsuikka you spin me raigth round beibi raigth round like a record!!!!! IMMA TSebE!!!! jeajeajejaejeajeja whohooo!!! syötä"
(joku muu vissiin kirjoitellut mun profiililla...)

"sai rakkaalta veljeltään lahjaksi kortsupaketin ihan vaan siltä varalta ''ettei maailmaan syntyisi enempää senjoja'' mitä tähän nyt sanos:D"
(tää oli kyllä paras!)

5856603585_16bae682cd_b


IRINA PENTUNA
Otettiin Irina 2009 kesällä, ja pentuna se ei ollutkaan ihan niin helppo tapaus.


 "irina sit järsi mun puhelimen pilalle : D"

"ei kannata ottaa koiranpentua, ku tulin kotiin mun huoneen valkee pörrömatto oli täynnä multaa, simpukoita ja pissiä"

"kahden koiranpennun tuhot muutamassa tunnissa; kolme pissiä, valkeella matolla kakkaa, kylppärin roskis levitelty ympäriinsä, mun suklaanaamio levitetty matolle, revittyjä nenäliinoja, rikottu kampa, rikki pureskeltu paneeli + lukematon määrä henkisiä traumoja"
(mukana touhussa siskon samanikäinen koira Pinja)

5661108827_a4d26effc2_b

PARI EKSTRAA
Päivityksiä, joille ei löytynyt omaa kategoriaa.


 "muuttaa ehkä jyväskylään yläasteen jälkeen : )"
(niimpä niin...)

"tietää minne hakee lukion jälkeen, los angeles/hollywood here I come"
(suunnittelin tota ihan tosissani, olis vaan pitänyt!)

"haluaa pois iisalmesta ja äkkiä"
(jostain kumman syystä vastaavia päivityksiä riitti)

"äikän näytelmäesitelmän palaute: ''Senja, sopisit vaikka radio- tai tv-työhön sujuvan ulosannin ansiosta.'' siis täh??"
(tää oli oikeesti aika ihana kommentti, ja juuri tuon kommentin innoittamana päädyin hakemaan media-alalle!)

"kauhee nälkä, vihdoin pääs istuu tuomiokirkon portaille syömään ja eikö vaan lokki lennä ja nappaa subin suoraan mun kädestä ??"
(olen vieläkin katkera) 


Juu että semmonen setti sitten. Kieltämättä suurilta osin erittäin noloja päivityksiä, mutta onneksi noille voi näin vuosia myöhemmin vain nauraa :'D


Kai siellä on muitakin nolojen fb-päivitysten mestareita? 

ps. Kertokaa ihmeessä mitä tykkäsitte postauksesta! Musta tätä oli ainakin kiva tehdä, vaikka aikaa tähän vierähtikin kiitettävästi (viisi tuntia kaiken kaikkiaan). 

          Trump Somehow Made Australia’s Prime Minister Seem Reasonable on Refugees. That's Crazy        

The Washington Post today published a leaked transcript of a testy phone call in January between President Trump and Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull. Trump critics have—for good reason—focused on a portion of the call in which Trump appears to be almost willfully misunderstanding Turnbull’s repeated explanation of a deal he had reached with the Obama administration under which the U.S. agreed to settle 1,250 refugees being detained offshore by Australia. Trump is utterly convinced that his predecessor was duped into accepting 2,000 (he’s “also heard like 5,000”) potential terrorists (“I guarantee you they are bad. That is why they are in prison right now. They are not going to be wonderful people who go on to work for the local milk people.”) He persists in this belief despite Turnbull explaining that the U.S. has the right to vet anyone it takes in, and that the people in question are being imprisoned not because they are “bad” but because Australia has a policy of not allowing any refugees who arrive by boat onto its soil, in order to discourage human-smuggling.

The most impressive takeaway from this story may be that through sheer pigheadedness, Trump has somehow managed to make the prime minister of Australia look like the reasonable and compassionate one in a conversation about refugee policy.

Australia has been widely condemned by human rights groups and the United Nations for its draconian immigration and refugee policies, particularly its practice of imprisoning boat-borne refugees in camps on the islands of Manus (part of Papua New Guinea) and Nauru.

The U.N. Special Rapporteur for the Human Rights of Migrants has described the conditions at the Nauru camp as "cruel, inhuman and degrading." According to Amnesty International, those transferred to Nauru—one of the world’s smallest independent countries and heavily dependent on Australian aid— are often housed for more than a year in vinyl tents with indoor temperatures regularly reaching 122 degrees:

Refugees and asylum seekers described conditions in these detention camps as “prison-like,” with regular searches of their tents by the guards, confiscation of “prohibited” items—including food and sewing needles—two-minute showers, and filthy toilets.

Leaked files published by the Guardian show a widespread pattern of abuse of children at the camp, including sexual assault. There have been multiple cases of self-immolation by detainees protesting their treatment.

Conditions at Manus are similarly dire, and documents obtained by the Guardian in May showed a deliberate policy on the part of Australian authorities to make conditions as inhospitable as possible in order to coerce residents to leave. In April, Amnesty International documented an incident in which Papua New Guinea soldiers fired guns at the camp and attacked residents and staff.  “The Papua New Guinean Police later stated that the incident involved ‘drunken soldiers’ going on a ‘rampage’, indiscriminately attacking refugees, service providers working at the center and police officers,” according to the report. Camp residents are now being relocated against their will to another facility. A New Guinean court ruled that the facility at Manus was illegal last year and the residents are currently being moved—against their will—to another facility. Just this week, residents protested after water and electricity was cut at the facility and refugees were reportedly attacked by assailants with machetes last weekend.

Many of those detained have been formally recognized as refugees, meaning that Australia is in violation of its obligations under the 1951 Refugee Convention, which forbids the transfer of refugees to places where they are likely to face harm. The U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture has also accused Australia of violating the Convention Against Torture.

As for Turnbull, under pressure from the increasing anti-immigrant sentiment and a resurgent far-right, he’s doubled-down on this controversial policy by proposing a lifetime ban of any asylum seeker who arrives by boat from ever entering Australia.

In other words, while Turnbull may be capable—unlike Trump—of sounding like an informed, rational adult when discussing these matters, he doesn’t exactly possess a great deal of moral authority. As Trump put it in a rare moment of clarity during their conversation, “We should do that too. You are worse than I am.”

 


          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauList of Currencies of the World and their Currency Symbols

There are 179 currencies in the world.
List of Currencies of the World
Currencies of the World

Currency Symbols

CurrencySymbol
Afghan afghani؋
Albanian lekL
Alderney pound£
Algerian dinarد.ج
Angolan kwanzaKz
Argentine peso$
Armenian dramդր.
Aruban florinƒ
Ascension pound£
Australian dollar$
Bahamian dollar$
Bahraini dinar.د.ب
Bangladeshi taka৳
Barbadian dollar$
Belarusian rubleBr
Belize dollar$
Bermudian dollar$
Bhutanese ngultrumNu.
Bolivian bolivianoBs.
Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible markKM or КМ
Botswana pulaP
Brazilian realR$
British pound£
British Virgin Islands dollar$
Brunei dollar$
Bulgarian levлв
Burundian francFr
Cambodian riel៛
Canadian dollar$
Cape Verdean escudoEsc or $
Cayman Islands dollar$
Central African CFA francFr
CFP francFr
Chilean peso$
Chinese yuan¥ or 元
Cocos (Keeling) Islands dollar$
Colombian peso$
Comorian francFr
Congolese francFr
Cook Islands dollar$
Costa Rican colón₡
Croatian kunakn
Cuban convertible peso$
Cuban peso$
Czech korunaKč
Danish kronekr
Djiboutian francFr
Dominican peso$
East Caribbean dollar$
Egyptian pound£ or ج.م
Eritrean nakfaNfk
Ethiopian birrBr
Euro€
Falkland Islands pound£
Faroese krónakr
Fijian dollar$
Gambian dalasiD
Georgian lariლ
Ghanaian cedi₵
Gibraltar pound£
Guatemalan quetzalQ
Guernsey pound£
Guinean francFr
Guyanese dollar$
Haitian gourdeG
Honduran lempiraL
Hong Kong dollar$
Hungarian forintFt
Icelandic krónakr
Indian rupee₹
Indonesian rupiahRp
Iranian rialï·¼
Iraqi dinarع.د
Israeli new shekel₪
Jamaican dollar$
Japanese yen¥
Jersey pound£
Jordanian dinarد.ا
Kazakhstani tenge₸
Kenyan shillingSh
Kiribati dollar$
Kuwaiti dinarد.ك
Kyrgyzstani somлв
Lao kip₭
Latvian latsLs
Lebanese poundل.ل
Lesotho lotiL
Liberian dollar$
Libyan dinarل.د
Lithuanian litasLt
Macanese patacaP
Macedonian denarден
Malagasy ariaryAr
Malawian kwachaMK
Malaysian ringgitRM
Maldivian rufiyaaރ.
Manx pound£
Mauritanian ouguiyaUM
Mauritian rupee₨
Mexican peso$
Micronesian dollar$
Moldovan leuL
Mongolian tögrög₮
Moroccan dirhamد.م.
Mozambican meticalMTn
Myanma kyatK
Nagorno-Karabakh dramդր.
Namibian dollar$
Nauruan dollar$
Nepalese rupee₨
Netherlands Antillean guilderƒ
New Taiwan dollar$
New Zealand dollar$
Nicaraguan córdoba
          Countries in Australia        
Australia(Oceania) is the smallest continent in the world and the sixth largest country in the world,comprising of 17 countries.Here is the list of 17 countries in Australia and their capitals.



 Australia
S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Australia
Canberra
2.
East Timor
Dili
3.
Fiji
Suva
4.
Indonesia
Jakarta
5.
Kiribati
South Tarawa
6.
The Marshall Islands
Majuro
7.
Micronesia
Palikir
8.
Nauru
Yaren
9.
New Zealand
Wellington
10.
Palau
Melekeok
11.
Papua New Guinea
Port Moresby
12.
Samoa
Apia
13.
The Solomon Islands
Honiara
14.
Tonga
Nuku'alofa
16.
Tuvalu
Funafuti
17.
Vanuatu
Port Vila

          juhlan kautta arkeen        
Meillä on ollut juhlahumua. Rippijuhlat. Jokaisen rakkaan kohdalla ainutlaatuinen elämänvaihe, herkkä nuoruusikä. Nuoret ihmiset  niin kauniita ja raikkaita. Juhlissa nautin vieraiden kuuntelemisesta ja katselemisesta siinä oman touhun lomassa. On ihanaa kun kodissa on vieraidenkin  naurua, puheensorinaa, viihtymistä. Ja on niin tärkeää, että juhlahetkiä jakamaan saa ystäviä ja sukulaisia.






Näiden nuorten ihmisten juhlien myötä sitä vähän itsekin nuortuu.  Tai ainakin luulee niin. :)

Juhlien jälkeen täytyi olla tehokkaana nenä kirjassa ja sormet näppäimistöllä. Juhlien alla saimme tyttöjen kanssa aikaan ompeluhuoneen muuttoprojektin ja siellä uudessa, valoisassa  ja siistissä työhuoneessa sujui lukeminen ja kirjoittaminen ihan huikean hyvin! Paitsi että loppupäivästä ajatus hieman tuppasi harhailemaan sinne pitsi- ja lankapurnukoiden kätköihin...kangasväreihin  ja leimasimiin. Siinä lukiessani oppimisen neurobiologiaa, sekä  muistin ja tarkkaavaisuuden prosesseja mietin että onko kyse tarkkaavuuden suuntaamisesta...työmuistista..toiminnanohjauksesta vai olisiko  kyse ympäristötekijöistä? :)



Mielenkiintoista luettavaa se on vaikka välillä ei tiedä yhtään mistä oikein löytäisi sen tarvitsemansa punaisen langan. Selvisi kuitenkin sekin, miksi pelkään hämähäkkejä vaikka hyvin tiedän että ne eivät täällä kotomaassa ole ollenkaan myrkyllisiä..onhan se nyt hyvä tietää!  Ja se, että pelkällä kognitiolla ei selviä elämästä. Että ei ole ollenkaan huono asia ajatella tunteella! Se on nyt sanottu oikein virallisessa oppikirjassa. 

Juhlahumun jälkimaingeissa löysin itseni saaresta. Yhden kesäisen iltapäivän sain kummitädin mökillä kuunnella meren kohinaa ja haistella sen suolaista tuoksua. Moottoriveneen kepeä, mutta vakaa kulku aallonharjalta toiselle toi lapsuusmuistoja mieleen ihan tulvimalla. Ihan tulvivat silmiin asti, ne muistot. Suolaisen veden kera.



Auringonvalossa kimaltava ulappa jäi jälleen sielunkin silmiin.

Saaresta kulkeutui mantereelle ja tänne reilun sadan kilometrin päähän monta kivaa juttua. (en sano että tavaraa, kun se ei kuulosta ollenkaan niin hyvältä)

Vähän piti miettiä laitanko koko läjästä kuvan. Ettette pyörry. Mutta laitan, niin saatte oikein luvan kanssa kauhistella. Tai kadehtia. :) 



Noilla jutuilla on yksi yllättävä, yhteinen tekijä. Punainen väri. Pieniä, ihania punaisia yksityiskohtia, ja ihan ne ovat täällä kuin kotonaan! 

Juhlapäivän hyörinässä tein yhden sydäntä puristavan havainnon. Siilitukkainen poika näytti ruutukauluspaidassa ja farkuissa kamalan isolta. Puristus helpotti hieman kun otin sen ison pojan syliin...ja se tuntui aivan pieneltä ja pehmeältä.

Vieläkin, kokonaisen arkiviikon jälkeen täällä on vähän juhlan tuntua: tuoksuvat ruusut ja hehkuvat mummolan pihan pionit.  
















          Vote alternatif - Wikipédia        
Le vote alternatif est un système électoral par classement utilisé pour choisir un gagnant. Il est utilisé en Australie depuis 1918 pour l'élection de la chambre des représentants, en Irlande, à Nauru, dans les îles Fidji, en projet en Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée (2007). Il est utilisé pour les municipales à San Francisco, Takoma Park (Maryland) et Ferndale (Michigan). En mai 2011, son adoption a été rejetée au Royaume-Uni à la suite d'un référendum.

Le vote alternatif a été inventé en 1871 par l'architecte américain William Robert Ware, bien qu'en fait ce ne soit qu'un cas particulier du scrutin à vote unique transférable, lequel a été indépendamment développé dans les années 1850. Par contre, les seuls transferts de votes, dans le cas du vote
alternatif, proviennent de partisans de candidats qui ont déjà été éliminés.

Chaque électeur classe tout (forme absolue) ou une partie (forme optionnelle) des candidats par ordre de préférence. On compte les voix des candidats premiers de liste. Si un candidat obtient la majorité absolue des voix, il est élu. Sinon, on supprime le candidat qui a recueilli le moins de voix et on barre son nom dans tous les bulletins des électeurs, modifiant ainsi le rang des candidats placés après le candidat éliminé. De nouveau, on compte les voix des candidats premiers de liste… On répète l'opération jusqu'à obtention d'une majorité absolue, ce qui arrive inévitablement (au pire lorsqu'il ne reste plus que deux candidats en lice).

Ce mode de scrutin favorise les courants de pensée majoritaires même s'ils sont représentés par un grand nombre de candidats.

Utilisé dans le cadre du vote par circonscription, il favorise les partis capables de s'entendre pour proposer aux électeurs une stratégie de transfert. En conséquence ce système de vote est généralement considéré comme favorisant souvent les partis modérés ou centristes. Cependant l'exemple ci-dessus montre que la réalité peut contredire cette supposition : le scrutin a conduit au choix d'une extrémité, après un dernier tour opposant les deux extrémités (options A et D).

L'électeur peut s'exprimer sur l'ensemble des candidats et voter ainsi à la fois pour ses idées au travers d'un candidat, peut-être fortement minoritaire, et pour le candidat éligible qui lui convient le mieux ou lui déplaît le moins.

L'obligation d'obtenir une majorité absolue augmente la légitimité de l'élu.

Dans sa forme absolue, où l’électeur est obligé de classer tous les candidats, le dépouillement peut difficilement se faire simplement à la main, ce qui entraîne une lourdeur importante à sa mise en œuvre.

Dans sa forme absolue l'acte de voter peut se transformer en pensum. En Australie où il est en vigueur (2016) l'électeur préfère souvent d'ailleurs, obéir aux consignes de classement du parti de son choix.

Ce système de vote ne respecte pas un des critères d'un des systèmes d'évaluation de type de scrutin nommé le critère de Condorcet. Cela signifie qu'un candidat qui gagnerait un face-à-face avec n'importe quel autre candidat (gagnant de Condorcet) peut perdre dans certaines configurations.


          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
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          Kenangan Zaman Sekolah        
Assalamualaikum w.b.t..
Selamat petang..Tengah x de keje nak buat ni tiba2 di tag pulak oleh seorang KAWAN untuk join contest yg di anjurkan oleh Dr Siti Hamidah..

Masa Ida tingkatan 4, ada seorang budak lelaki yg teramat nakal..Tapi Ida kesian tengok dia sebab dia anak yatim..Ayah dia dah x de, dia tinggal dengan mak & adik perempuan dia je..Hidup diorang sekeluarga susah sangat..Nama dia Ida dah lupa dah tapi kitorang panggil dia dengan nama glamour dia iaitu Longkang..Hahaha..Kenapa panggil nama tu..Ida pun x tahu..Ada la sejarah dia kot..Longkang ni teramat la selekeh..Beg sekolah entah berapa tahun x bertukar, dah koyak rabak sampai dah x de rupa beg..Baju sekolah pun dah jadi warna kuning, seluar pun singkat sampai nampak stokin dengan buku lali..Ida dengan kawan2 1 kelas selalu belanja Longkang makan & minum waktu rehat..Longkang ni seorang yg suka buat lawak & nakal tapi hati dia baik..1 hari, Longkang x siap kerja sekolah Matematik..Cikgu yg ajar Matematik Ida dulu perempuan & garang sangat..Cikgu Zainun..Jadi sebab cikgu tu geram si Longkang ni x siapkan kerja dia cikgu suruh dia berdiri atas meja..Bayangkan Longkang yg tinggi tu kena berdiri atas meja..Dengan selambanya Longkang cakap
''saya pening la cikgu berdiri tempat tinggi2 ni''

''ok la kalau macam tu awak duduk bersila atas meja tu''

Si Longkang ni pun duduk la..Dah nama pun budak nakal..Memang x reti la nak duduk diam2..Nak di jadikan cerita meja yg dia duduk tu bergoyang sebab kaki meja tu x sama..Jadi dia pun goyang la meja tu buat macam goyang kerusi..Tiba2........Berdebuk!! Bunyi macam nangka busuk jatuh..Kitorang semua pandang meja yg Longkang duduk tu & dia x de kat situ..Rupanya dah terjelupuk kat bawah dengan kaki terkangkang ke atas..Apa lagi..Kitorang semua ketawa x ingat sampai nak terburai perut rasanya..Cikgu yg garang tu pun ketawa jugak..Sejarah la hari tu sebab boleh buat cikgu yg garang macam nak makan orang tu ketawa sampai berair mata dia..Lepas tu cikgu suruh salah sorang budak kelas kitorang pergi kantin order air susu segelas untuk Longkang..Kesian orang tu dah la kurus kering macam x cukup zat cikgu kata..Tu la salah 1 kenangan zaman Ida sekolah..Kisah ni Ida ingat sampai sekarang..Balik sekolah kitorang belanja Longkang makan cukup2 sebab kesian..Kalau nak tahu muka si Longkang tu sebijik macam muka kartun Usop Sontorian tu..

Ida tag 3 orang kawan Ida, Kak ZameaEdie & Sheda Meor..


Sesiapa yg nak join & kongsikan kisah2 zaman kanak @ remaja anda klik kat banner kat bawah ni..Tarikh tutup 9 Julai 2011..

          "Deer Little One" Party -Sahara's second birthday by Saffy& May        



This gorgeous party is by Saffy and May and I love the rustic elements, the cute deer theme and the beautiful sign meshed with all the flowers, it's gorgeous.....


Party details:
Deer little one party - Sahara's second birthday Styling, concept and florals - Saffy&MayPrintables - Giggles and Grace DesignsPhotography- Elaine Ruth Photography Cake and cookies - Baked Cakes and Cupcakery Desserts- The cupcake effect Sign - Alaroch Cupcake toppers- Cutesy Lala























          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our team is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps, VISAs and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Metsästäjä - Lady Fit T-paita        
Vaiettu salaisuus on, että suurin osa metsästäjistä on huonoja. Osumatarkkuus mitä sattuu eikä naurujoutsenta eroteta kyhmuhaahkasta. Vaan eipä sorsita näitäkään kanssaihmisiä. Tästä lahjaksi paita, joka nostaa huonommankin metsämiehen ja -naisen itsetuntoa. Huonoutta ei kannata hävetä, vaan tunnustaa rehdisti tosiasiat. Laadukas ja hyvin joustava Lady Fit T-paita. * Materiaali 95% puuvillaa, 5% elastaania
          Provide Genuine Refuge to World’s Displaced        

Asylum seekers behind a metal fence in the ‘Hangar 1’ detention center, in Röszke, Hungary. September 9, 2015.

© 2015 Zalmaï for Human Rights Watch

(New York) – The massive refugee crisis demands an unprecedented global response. At two summits on September 19 and 20, 2016, at the United Nations, world leaders should take bold steps to share responsibility for millions of people displaced by violence, repression, and persecution.

Leaders will gather in New York to discuss providing greater support to countries where refugees first land, just as many of those countries are at breaking point. There is a grave risk to the bedrock foundation of refugee protection, the principle of nonrefoulement – not forcibly returning refugees to places where they would face persecution and other serious threats. People are fleeing violence in Afghanistan, Burma, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Honduras, Iraq, Somalia, and Syria, among others.

“Millions of lives hang in the balance,” said Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch. “This is not just about more money or greater resettlement numbers, but also about shoring up the legal principles for protecting refugees, which are under threat as never before.”

This year, Human Rights Watch has documented Turkish border guards shooting and pushing back civilians who appear to be seeking asylum; Jordan refusing entry or assistance to Syrian asylum seekers at its border; Kenya declaring that it will close the world’s largest refugee camp in November and pushing Somalis to return home despite potential danger; and Pakistan and Iran harassing and deregistering Afghan refugees and coercing them to return to a country in conflict.

The UN General Assembly has convened the September 19 summit “with the aim of bringing countries together behind a more humane and coordinated approach” to refugees. The final statement, already drafted, is a missed opportunity to widen the scope of protection and limits expectations for concrete, new commitments. However, it affirms refugee rights and calls for more equitable responsibility sharing. Given the scale of the refugee crisis and populist backlash in many parts of the world, this affirmation should be the basis for collective action, Human Rights Watch said.

On September 20, US President Barack Obama will host a “Leader’s Summit” to increase commitments for aid, refugee admissions, and opportunities for work and education for refugees. Governments are expected to make concrete pledges toward goals of doubling the number of resettlement places and other admissions, increasing aid by 30 percent, getting 1 million more refugee children in school, and granting 1 million more adult refugees the right to work. Though the participants have not been announced, 30 to 35 countries are expected to attend. Canada, Ethiopia, Germany, Sweden, and Jordan will join the United States as co-facilitators.

Boost Humanitarian Aid to Countries of First Arrival
The vast majority of the world’s 21.3 million refugees are in the global south, where they often face further harm, discrimination, and neglect. Human Rights Watch called on countries of first arrival like Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Thailand, Kenya, Iran, and Pakistan, to commit to proposals to provide refugees with better access to work and education.

The world’s richest nations have largely failed to help countries on the front lines of the displacement crisis. As of September 9, UN aid appeals were 39 percent funded, with some of the worst-funded in Africa; the appeal for refugees from South Sudan stands at 19 percent. The regional refugee response plans for Yemen and Syria are funded at 22 and 49 percent.

Increase Numbers Resettled in Other Countries
Resettlement from countries of first arrival is a key way to help refugees rebuild their lives and to relieve host countries, but international solidarity is glaringly absent. In 2015, the UN refugee agency facilitated resettlement of 81,000 of a projected 960,000 refugees globally in need of resettlement. The agency estimated that over 1.1 million refugees would need resettlement in 2016, but projected that countries would only offer 170,000 places. Representatives of 92 countries pledged only a slight increase in resettlement places for Syrian refugees at a high-level UN meeting in March.

In the European Union, the arrival by boat in 2015 of more than 1 million asylum seekers and migrants – and more than 3,700 deaths at sea – laid bare the need for safe and legal channels for refugees to move, such as resettlement.  However, many EU countries, including Austria, Bulgaria, and Hungary, are focused primarily on preventing spontaneous arrivals, outsourcing responsibility, and rolling back refugee rights.

A July 2015 European plan to resettle 22,500 refugees from other regions over two years has resettled only 8,268 refugees, according to figures from July 2016. Most EU countries underperformed, and 10 failed to resettle a single person under the plan.

End Abusive Systems, Flawed Deals
The EU struck a deal with Turkey in March to allow the return to Turkey of almost all asylum seekers on the deeply flawed grounds that Turkey is a safe country for asylum; it is on the verge of falling apart. Australia forcibly transfers all asylum seekers who arrive by boat to offshore processing centers, where they face abuse, inhumane treatment, and neglect.

The EU and Australia should renounce these abusive policies. EU countries should swiftly adopt a proposed permanent resettlement framework with more ambitious goals and a clear commitment to meet them, Human Rights Watch said. They should share fairly the responsibility for asylum seekers arriving spontaneously, and help alleviate the pressure on Greece and Italy.

Governments also undermine asylum with closed camps, as in Kenya and Thailand, and by detaining asylum seekers, as do Australia, Greece, Italy, Mexico, and the United States.

While by many measures the US leads in refugee resettlement and response to UN humanitarian aid appeals, it has been particularly slow and ungenerous in admitting Syrian refugees. And it has had notable blind spots, as with its border policies for Central American children and others fleeing gang violence and its use of Mexico as a buffer to keep them from reaching the US border.

The Obama Administration met its goal of admitting 10,000 Syrian refugees this fiscal year in the face of opposition from more than half of US governors and a lack of resettlement funds from Congress, but the US has the capacity to resettle many times that number. It should commit to meeting the Leaders’ Summit goals, which would mean doubling this year’s 85,000 total refugee admissions to 170,000.

Several other countries with capacity to admit far more refugees, including Brazil, Japan, and South Korea, have fallen woefully short. Japan admitted 19 refugees in 2015, South Korea only 42 aside from North Koreans, and Brazil only 6.

Russia resettles no refugees. The Gulf States do not respond to UN resettlement appeals, though Saudi Arabia says it has suspended deportations of hundreds of thousands of Syrians who overstay visitor visas. Most Gulf states, except Kuwait, have also fallen short in their response to Syrian-refugee-related UN appeals to fund refugee needs, according to an Oxfam analysis.

“Every country has a moral responsibility to ensure the rights and dignity of people forced to flee their homes,” Roth said. “When more than 20 million people are counting on a real international effort to address their plight, lofty pronouncements are not enough.”


          GBIF abre convocatoria BID a propuestas del Caribe y el Pacífico        

GBIF invita a la presentación de propuestas de financiamiento del Caribe y el Pacífico bajo el programa de Información de Biodiversidad para el Desarrollo (BID). El financiamiento total potencialmente asignado a estas dos convocatorias es de €1.000.000, o €500.000 para cada región.

Lea las convocatorias completas para:

La primera fase del financiamiento de proyectos a través del BID proveyó cerca de €1 millón a 23 proyectos en el África sub-sahariana. Los beneficiarios incluyen 34 organizaciones de 20 países africanos, cuyos proyectos fueron merecedores de selección por un jurado internacional a partir de un grupo inicial de 143 propuestas.

Las nuevas convocatorias para el Caribe y el Pacífico buscan proyectos que:

  • Movilizarán datos de biodiversidad relacionados con áreas protegidas, especies amenazadas y especies invasoras
  • Usarán y extenderán mejores prácticas para digitalizar colecciones de historia natural y movilizar otros datos de biodiversidad
  • Aplicarán datos de biodiversidad en apoyo a la toma de decisiones e investigación
  • Desarrollarán redes nacionales, regionales o temáticas duraderas para apoyar el compartir y reutilizar datos

Tipos de financiamiento

GBIF invita propuestas en tres categorías generales de financiamiento.

  1. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad regionales que establecen o fortalecen colaboraciones internacionales para incrementar la disponibilidad y utilización de datos de biodiversidad. NOTA: Un consorcio regional debe involucrar socios de al menos tres diferentes países o territorios de ultramar de la región. El coordinador del consorcio y al menos uno de los otros socios debe estar localizados en un país de la region (ver la lista de países elegibles en el Caribe y el Pacífico). Cada socio puede recibir hasta €20.000 y el coordinador del consorcio puede recibir un máximo de €30.000.
  2. Financiamiento para movilización de datos de biodiversidad nacionales que establecen o fortalecen instalaciones de información en biodiversidad nacional e incrementar los datos de biodiversidad disponibles acerca del país para responder a prioridades nacionales. Hasta €60.000 serán puestos a disposición por financiamiento nacional.
  3. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad pequeños que movilizan datos de biodiversidad relevantes para prioridades de conservación de biodiversidad con un máximo de €5.000.

Proceso de solicitud y cronograma

Dos jurados de expertos internacionales con experiencia en las regiones respectivas, evaluará las solicitudes a través de un proceso competitivo de dos etapas.

  • Notas conceptuales iniciales, usando las plantillas provistas, debe ser entregada antes del 10 de Noviembre del 2016.
  • Basado en las recomendaciones de los jurados, GBIF invitará un grupo seleccionado de solicitantes a preparar propuestas completas, para entregar a principios de Febrero del 2017.
  • Luego de una revisión y selección final a cargo de los jurados, GBIF anunciará los proyectos a financiar en Mayo del 2017.

Las plantillas de la nota conceptual y las directrices que le acompañan están disponibles para cada uno de los tres tipos de beca en el sitio de los solicitantes al BID.

Aquellos interesados en recibir actualizaciones sobre el programa BID pueden inscribirse para recibir alertas de correo electrónico. Preguntas y solicitudes generales pueden ser enviadas a BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Este programa está financiado por la Unión Europea.

 


Nuestro agradecimiento a William Ulate, Biodiversity Heritage Library / TDWG / Missouri Botanical Garden, y Anabela Plos, GBIF Argentina, por su ayuda con la traducción al español.

Images 
Isla de manglares

Isla de manglares, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF ouvre deux appels à projets BID pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique        

GBIF invite dès maintenant à soumettre des projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique en vue d’obtenir un financement dans le cadre du programme BID (l'Information sur la Biodiversité pour le Développement). Le montant total potentiel de ces deux appels à projets est 1.000.000 €, soit 500.000 par région.

Voyez ici les appels à projets détaillés:

La première phase du projet BID a permis de financer pour près d’un million d’euros 23 projets en Afrique subsaharienne. Les bénéficiaires sont 34 organisations issues de 20 pays africains dont les projets ont été sélectionnés par un jury international parmi 143 propositions initiales.

Ce nouvel appel à projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique cible des projets visant à :

  • Mobiliser des données sur la biodiversité concernant les zones protégées, les espèces menacées et les espèces exotiques envahissantes.
  • Utiliser et étendre les bonnes pratiques pour la numérisation des collections d’histoire naturelles et la mobilisation d’autres types de données.
  • Utiliser les données de biodiversité pour la prise de décision et la recherche.
  • Développer des réseaux nationaux, régionaux et thématiques durables de façon à soutenir les activités futures de partage et de réutilisation des données.

Catégories de subventions

GBIF lance un appel à projets pour trois grandes catégories de subventions:

  1. Subventions régionales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant des collaborations internationales visant à augmenter la disponibilité et l’usage des données sur la biodiversité. A NOTER : un consortium régional doit impliquer des partenaires issus d'au minimum 3 pays / territoires d’outre-mer de la région. Le coordinateur du consortium et au moins un autre partenaire doivent être situés dans un pays ACP (voir la liste des pays éligibles dans les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique). Chaque partenaire pourra recevoir jusqu’à 20.000 €, et le coordinateur du consortium pourra recevoir jusqu’à 30.000€.
  2. Subventions nationales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant un point nodal GBIF national et visant à augmenter la quantité de données disponibles sur le pays de façon à répondre aux priorités nationales. Jusqu’à 60.000 € pourront être alloués par subvention nationale.
  3. Petites subventions pour la mobilisation de données mobilisant des données de biodiversité adaptées aux priorités en matière de conservation, pour un financement maximal de 5000 €.

Procédure et délai

Deux jurys composés d’experts internationaux ayant de l’expérience dans la région évalueront les propositions selon une procédure en deux temps :

  • Une note conceptuelle initiale utilisant le formulaire fourni devra être soumise au plus tard le 10 novembre 2016.
  • Suivant les recommandations du jury, le GBIF invitera un groupe candidats sélectionnés à préparer une proposition détaillée pour début février 2017.
  • Après une évaluation finale et une sélection par les jurys, les projets financés démarreront en avril 2017.

Le formulaire pour la note conceptuelle et les recommandations associées sont disponibles sur le site BID pour chacune des trois catégories de subventions.

Si vous souhaitez recevoir les nouvelles informations sur le programme BID, vous pouvez vous inscrire aux alertes par courriel. Les questions et demandes d’ordre général peuvent être transmises à BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Ce programme est financé par l'Union européenne.

 


Nos remerciements à Nicolas Noé, Belgian Biodiversity Platform pour le soutien de la traduction.

 

 

Images 

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

GBIF area 
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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific        

GBIF invites the submission of proposals for funding from the Caribbean and the Pacific through the EU-funded Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme. The total potential funding assigned to these two calls is €1,000,000, or €500,000 for each region.

Read the complete calls for:

The first phase of project funding through BID provided nearly €1 million to 23 projects in sub-Saharan Africa. The recipients include 34 organizations from 20 African countries, whose projects earned selection by an international panel from an initial pool of 143 initial proposals.

The new calls for the Caribbean and the Pacific seek projects that will:

  • Mobilize biodiversity data relating to protected areas, threatened species, and invasive alien species
  • Use and extend best practices for digitizing natural history collections and mobilizing other biodiversity data
  • Apply biodiversity data in support of decision-making and research
  • Develop lasting national, regional or thematic networks to support ongoing data sharing and reuse

Types of grants

GBIF invites proposals in three broad categories of grants.

  1. Regional biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen international collaborations to increase the availability and use of biodiversity data. NOTE: A regional consortium must involve partners from a minimum of three different countries or overseas territories from the region. The consortium coordinator and at least one other partner must be located in an ACP country (see the list of eligible countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific). Each partner can receive up to €20,000 and the consortium coordinator may receive a maximum grant of €30,000.
  2. National biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen national biodiversity information facilities and to increase the biodiversity data available about the country to respond to national priorities. Up to €60,000 will be made available per national grant.
  3. Small biodiversity data mobilization grants that mobilize biodiversity data relevant for biodiversity conservation priorities with a maximum funding of €5,000.

Application process and timeline

Two panels of international experts with experience in the respective regions will evaluate applications through a competitive two-stage process.

  • Initial concept notes, using the templates provided for the Caribbean and the Pacific, must be submitted by 10 November 2016.
  • Based on the panels’ recommendations, GBIF will invite a select group of applicants to prepare full proposals, due in early February 2017.
  • Following a final review and selection by the panels, funded projects will start in April 2017.

The concept note template and accompanying guidelines are available for each of the three grant types on the BID grantseekers’ site.

Those interested in receiving updates on the BID programme can sign up for email alerts. General questions and inquiries may be sent to BID@gbif.org.


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This programme is funded by the European Union.

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          Election 2013: Day 12 (or, this sewer has no bottom)        

Today was not a good day to be an Australian voter. We were treated today as though we are a bunch of racists.

People like to say that voters are to blame for the asylum seeker policies. I don’t think that’s true, anymore than the reason we don’t have same sex marriage in this country is because voters are a bunch of homophobes.

But there are some days when our politicians treat us like it is true. Because they offer up policies that suggest that we want nothing more than to dump as much filth onto refugees as we possibly can, purely because of who they are.

Of the policies put forward by the major parties that I am ashamed of, most concern asylum seekers.

Today however was not one of those days.

The policy announced today by Scott Morrison and his second banana, Tony Abbott, has nothing to do with asylum seekers. It has to do with refugees. It is not about “stopping the boats” – to use that most contemptuously condescending phrase – it is about being cruel to people who have been granted refugee status.

Today the Liberal Party announced that the 30,000 people here already who are awaiting determination of their asylum claims will not be granted a permanent visa. They will be placed indefinitely on 3 year revolving Temporary Protection Visas. They will not be able to appeal their case to the Federal Court. They will not have the same rights as other residents – if they qualify for dole they will have to work for it in a way unlike others living here.

The policy is almost guaranteed to lose when it is challenged in the High Court – and what is more, the number of cases which will be sent to the High Court will serve only, in the words of constitutional lawyer, George Williams as reported in The Australian, to overwhelm it.

This policy will deter no one. There is no need. The ALP already has gone beyond the realms of what John Howard would have thought possible and ruled that no one coming to Australia by boat will be granted asylum here.

We have already let it be known that we’re kicking them off to Manus Island and Nauru.

But for Scott Morrison that seems to be not enough. Worried perhaps that through some kind of absurdity someone from the ALP might end up swimming lower in the sewer than he is, he dived deeper. And he came up with the retrospective policy that apparently will deter people who are already here from coming here.

As Jack the Insider noted of the policy:

[it] is a promise of retrospective deterrence – an oxymoron up there with traditional modern dance. It is an intrinsic contradiction because one cannot be retrospectively deterred from doing what one has already done.

The revolving TPVs are not a deterrent. TPVs are the one part of John Howard’s policy which clearly did not work after they were introduced in October 1999.

The policy (as is the case with Morrison and Abbott’s new version) did not allow any family reunions. So for example a father who gained refugee status could not then bring his family into the country.

So what happened is instead of just the fathers getting on the boat, whole families did. The average person per boat went from 22 in 1998-99, to 56 in 1999-2000, to 77 in 2000-01 and then to rather ludicrous 160 per boat in 2001-02.

image

It’s the only record regarding asylum seeker numbers that the Howard Government still holds. And it doesn’t take too much thinking things through to realise that the boats asylum seekers are on don’t get more safe with more passengers.

To get a real sense of the bastardry behind this policy though, take this exchange between the ABC’s Lyndal Curtis and Scott Morrison:

Lyndal Curtis: "If they cannot be returned to their home country, for example, the Iranians, if there is not a third country they will voluntarily go to, they remain in detention for how long?"

Scott Morrison: "Until they leave the country."

Curtis: "So potentially for a very long time?"

Morrison: "Well, that's up to them. They can leave at any time."

Note, this is for people who cannot return to their home country.

Geez.

As Chris Berg wrote for The Drum in June of the idea that refugees should be denied permanent residency risks creating a permanent underclass. People who, because of their status will be unable to gain long-term employment, will mostly be reduced to working for the dole and not working for the dole in order to gain experience to get work, but purely because working for the dole is all they can get.

When you deny a section of society the right to earn a living, and importantly to be able to advance through lawful means, that section will eventually rebel and pursue illegal means of support. This policy is put forward under the overall guise of keeping our suburbs just the way they are. And yet creating a permanent underclass almost guarantees the reverse occurring.

***

I had a whole lot more to say on this topic – and I did write it. But I deleted it before posting because, while it might not have ventured into defamatory territory, it certainly was full of contempt for this policy and the two men who announced it, and for those who may have advised them of such a strategy.

And they really aren’t worth it.

At this point, the election has become a race to see who is less worthy of our votes.

And today was Abbott’s day to win that race.

***

Kevin Rudd was in Perth today. He announced something. I swear I listened to the press conference in full, but I have no idea what he said. Election 2013- Abbott announces new asylum policy - politics live blog - as it happened - World news - theguardian.com

I might have passed out at some stage, or perhaps I just went to my happy place that I go to when forced to sit through a dull presentation.

Malcolm Farr told me on Twitter it was “about rocks”.

I went looking for the transcript, but it’s not up yet (Rudd’s site is a lot slower at getting things up than is Tony Abbott’s). I had a look for the policy on the ALP’s website. It’s not there. And of course why would it be there?

Why on earth would you want to have a place where people can find out what you announced that day? Why would you need such a thing when they could have heard it on the 6pm news on the wireless.

For crying out loud ALP, get your act in gear. Pathetic.

Thankfully the live-blogs have it. Katharine Murphy on the Guardian:

It's all about how we transition out of the mining boom, Rudd says at this press conference. He's unveiling an oil and gas centre of excellence. We build for the future, Rudd says. They (the Coalition) "cut, cut and cut." There's $30m for a floating systems research centre. There's a reference to "big rocks, little rocks, hard rocks, soft rocks.

The ABC’s live blog:

“Today I announce we will be investing some $30 million to establish the national floating systems research centre here in Perth. We believe this is going to be a huge potential export platform for services for the future”

A $30 million plan. I’ll be honest I have no idea if it’s good or bad, because I haven’t seen any documents on it.

Today though there was a lot of talk among gallery types that the ALP is done and dusted. Some even predicting a “landslide”.

One of the problems is when you spend you days watching press conferences and looking at polls of single seats with rather large margins of error, you can get locked into thinking that what you are thinking and seeing is what the electorate is.

Rudd’s press conference have been long and dull and all over the shop. But most people don’t actually see them.

I think he does need to get more refined on his message each day. But dull press conferences doesn’t mean the electorate thinks he is dull.

But cripes he is dull.

There was this interesting titbit on the AFR live blog about Rudd’s visit to a shopping centre in Perth:

4.51pm: The good burghers of West Australia we spoke to today amidst the Rudd madness are not quite as set against him and his party as you might think.

A gentleman from Bunbury watching Rudd at the Westfield Carousel who declined to be named says Rudd most definitely had his vote.

He runs a construction cleaning company, and says he earned about $100,000 all up from the stimulus package Rudd engineered during the global financial crisis.

“He saved our lives with that stimulus package,” he says.

Vox pops on their own don’t mean anything. But it’s nice to see a newspaper actually avoid reporting the usually narrative and backing it up with a quote from someone to in some way prove their point.

***

I haven’t taken too much of an aim at the press gallery following around the leaders, but two examples today from those following Tony Abbott stuck out for me.

This was during the Morrison-Abbott press conference where they had just announced a policy that clearly has a few hurdles to overcome legally.

But someone asked this:

QUESTION: Are you buoyed by the fact that Labor’s approval rating in the central cost of New South Wales, in seats like Robertson and Dobell keep slipping?

Whoever asked this question should be laughed at loud and long. Asking about polls during an election campaign – a period when politicians are actually talking about policy – is bad enough. But asking such a softball, backrub one is beyond useless. It offered Abbott a chance to take a breath while the rest of the pack were asking mostly good policy related questions.

It was even more embarrassing because the next question asked was this:

QUESTION: Just in regards to your plans, especially in removing access to the Refugee Review Tribunal and under a Coalition government are you confident that it would survive a High Court challenge?

A good question that had Abbott quickly handballing it on to Morrison and which had Morrison waffling away for a minute or so.

It was a good question because later in the day Lyndal Curtis tackled Morrison on the same point and he was forced to respond:

Lyndal Curtis: Are you confident or concerned that you may not be able to remove the refugee determination process from legal challenge?

Scott Morrison: "Well, this is the task we're setting officials if we're elected to government.

"I'm just not prepared to accept the situation that we can't return to the non-statutory administrative process to end the tick and flick system that the Government has now been running for the last five years."

“Lawyers will say it can't be done, the Government will say it can't be done, everyone will say it can't be done.”

"We're not going to give up on this."

Oh well if you’re not going to give up, I guess that’ll be fine. I hear not giving up is the clinching argument in most cases before the High Court,

So send the first journalist home; or at least get them to keep quiet and let the second journalist ask another question in their place.

***

But look it’s not that bad. The journalist could be asking questions of Tony Abbott in the manner that Ray Hadley did today.

Here were some of Abbott’s initial responses to Hadley’s tough grilling:

TONY ABBOTT: That’s right…

…

RAY HADLEY: Do you understand the significance of this day, August 16?

TONY ABBOTT: Yes, I do Ray because three years ago today Julia Gillard said there will be no carbon tax under the government I lead.

…

TONY ABBOTT: Ray, I have high hopes…

…

TONY ABBOTT: Exactly right, Ray.

…

TONY ABBOTT: Yep, that’s true.

…

TONY ABBOTT: Well, these are very fair points to make…

…

TONY ABBOTT: But I want to assure you Ray…

…

TONY ABBOTT: You can add that. You can add that Ray.

…

TONY ABBOTT: Look, Ray, thank you for that tribute…

…

TONY ABBOTT: Well, that is a very nice tribute….

…

TONY ABBOTT: Why are we writing the thing? That’s exactly right. And one of the reasons it has to be said…

…

TONY ABBOTT: Thank you so much, Ray.


          The Commonwealth Of Nations!!        

In less than a fortnight’s time Glasgow welcomes the Commonwealth Games. They were formally called the ‘British Empire Games’, then the British Empire and Commonwealth Games and then the British Commonwealth Games but it dropped the British bit in 1978 to become just The Commonwealth Games.
I hope you followed that!

71 teams are participating. Six countries have been at every games - Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales. Australia have the best record so far.

Reading Wikipedia about the games and their history is well… history. Here are some highlights -
“Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe competed from 1958–1962 as part of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.  Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore federated as Malaysia in 1963, then Singapore left in 1965. Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949. Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha were dependencies of Saint Helena, so the territory was officially called "Saint Helena and Dependencies" until 2009. Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha became equal parts of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha in 2009. Western Samoa was renamed Samoa in 1997. Zanzibar and Tanganyika federated to form Tanzania in 1964. Zimbabwe withdrew from the Commonwealth in 2003.”
I hope you got that.

Others eligible include Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands (territories of Australia), Nevis (a federal entity of the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis), Rodrigues (outer islands of Mauritius), and Zanzibar (a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania).

And Cornwall are now arguing that they should have separate representation.  The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and south Sudan have now made applications to send teams. The Pitcairn Islands' are discriminated against due to their tiny population- about 54. Lack of permanent population seems to prevent South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands, British Antarctic Territory, the New Zealand territory of Ross Dependency and the Australian external territories of Australian Antarctic Territory, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Coral Sea Islands and Heard Island and McDonald Islands from competing.
                                      
                                                            Nauru

But then Nauruan weightlifter Marcus Stephen who won twelve medals between 1990 and 2002 ( 7 golds) ended up being elected President of Nauru in 2007. Nauru is the smallest independent state in the Commonwealth, 21 sq k yet it is 19th on the all-time Commonwealth Games medal table.
                                      
                                                         I had to look it up

This week, the outfit to be worn by the Scottish athletes was unveiled. They shouldn’t have bothered. The first medal to be awarded is for the worst outfit. Scotland and Australia are battling it out – we are winning.
It is awful.
This is Australia's and ours is much worse..
                                 

The blue shirt has white speckles on it which looks as though a pigeon with a bowel issue has flown overhead. The tartan is supposed to represent heather at dusk, I presume this is a woman called heather, not the plant, and that heather is suffering from  homeochromocytosis.
 And the colour of the socks? Wit?
 Scottish sports presenter Dougie Donnelly said: “Team_Scotland Seriously ? The team are going OUT like that ? !!”
Others have commented the miracle of inventing a colour that clashes with itself.
Others speculate that Chris Hoy got wind of it and retired.
“Somewhere in Aucherader a tea room is missing its curtains," wrote Stephen Daisley at STV. "The shirts and dresses are not blue, not quite lapis lazuli, but the psycho-cerulean hue of a particularly vivid Smurfs doll. The kilts and shawls carry an amber, fuchsia, and aquamarine tartan, a curious mixture of the psychedelic and the twee. This is what the Sixties must have looked like in Ecclefechan."
People have described it as  "humiliating", "embarrassing" and "truly horrific "wrong on so many levels" and "the worst kit ever".
I liked the comment that ‘those Scotland uniforms look like something from the Eurovision Song Contest-1980.’
 Simon Ricketts said ‘They look like they're in a fancy dress episode of a Spanish soap opera.’
                                 
We say that Irn Bru is made from girders.
The new uniform, is made from curtains.

All getting a bit plaid out!  So I had better show you, don't say you were not warned...

                               

It is officially described as a  vibrant blue shirt  with a  pink, caramel and blue tartan kilt for men. The women  are just as bad- a blue wraparound dress with a tartan shawl. The uniform for women was made complete with a stone-coloured leather bag.  The bag might serve the same purpose as the wee bag you find in the netted compartment of the seat in front of you on a long and bumpy flight. Rugby 7s player Lee Jones described the outfit as “very comfortable and eye-catching”.
Is that the rugby seven’s for the visually impaired…
 The designer Jilli Blackwood , a  graduate of Glasgow School of Art said: “There will be no mistaking that this is the Scottish Team as they proudly step out at the opening ceremony.”
Indeed.


However the games have given us great moments
                                       

The 'Miracle Mile' in Vancouver 1954  England’s Roger Bannister and Australia’s John Landy.  The only two sub-four-minute milers in history at the time. They were under the four minute barrier again, Bannister won by a narrow margin. He said that last lap was ‘one of most intense and exciting moments of my life.’

                               
                                 
And that famous piece of film of Jim Peters collapsing in the marathon, same year. He had lead by three miles earlier in the race, pushing himself to heat exhaustion and then collapsed time and again. Eventually his masseur  managed to hold onto him and stop him mid stagger 200 yards short of the finish.
He had actually covered the marathon distance, the course was later measured at 27 miles!

                         

                           
                              
And in Christchurch 1974, that famous 1,500m. maybe the greatest  ever at that distance.  Filbert Bayi  ran three minutes, 32.16 seconds. He was 12 metres clear at the halfway stage, however on the last lap local stars Rod Dixon and John Walker – the two black shadows   closed down forcing him to kick away.  Nearly everybody who crossed the line that day broke a record of some sort, it was so fast.

 


In Edmonton 1978, the  17 year old Clones Cyclone ‘Barry McGuigan boxed to victory in the bantamweight class, aged just 17. He  could not stop crying as he received his medal.


                            

Edmonton 1978 I have no idea why my granddad was a fan of ‘Precious McKenzie’ but he was.   The queen was too!
She was late for an official function because she wanted  to witness him get his third gold medal for weight lifting. He was only 4' 9".




                      

And the dead heat? Allan Wells and Mike McFarlane tying in the 200m, Brisbane 1982. Not an inch between them, it remains the only time a dead-heat for a gold medal has been ratified in a major championship.


                             

In Kuala Lumpur 1998 a 15 year old swimmer called Ian Thorpe won four gold medals! The Australian coach famously said  â€œYou can't believe he's 15. It's genetics gone bloody crazy!”

I am not too chuffed at the games, the road race cycling coincides with my book launch. Crime writers in lyrca? Anybody?
Caro      

          Seabed mining in PNG: environmental experiment, false hope of economic returns        
 MEDIA RELEASE Wednesday 14 December 2016 Seabed mining in PNG: environmental experiment, false hope of economic returns Nautilus Minerals pedalled false hope for experimental seabed mining at the PNG Petroleum and Mining Conference in Sydney. NGOs and civil society in PNG raise serious doubt about the commercial and environmental viability of the Solwara 1 seabed mining project. Natalie Lowrey, Deep Sea Mining campaign said, “Despite securing bridge financing with its two biggest shareholders to continue the Solwara 1 project, Nautilus faces significant technological and financial uncertainties. They are yet to demonstrate that seafloor resource development is commercially viable and environmentally sustainable.” “The Nautilus Annual Information Form for the Fiscal Year ending 2015 highlights the potential for equipment damage, mechanical failure and operational failure and it warns that the projected yields and costs for Solwara 1 should be viewed with a low level of confidence.” According to the Form’s section on risk factors, Nautilus has not completed and does not intend to complete a preliminary economic assessment, pre-feasibility study or feasibility study before embarking on mining at the Solwara 1 Site. The Form also acknowledges that the impact of any seabed mining operation on the environment will only be determined by monitoring after Solwara 1 has been developed. “This does nothing to reassure local communities. The proposed Solwara 1 site is right in the middle of our fishing grounds and ocean currents operating at the Solwara 1 site would bring pollutants to our shores,” stated Jonathan Mesulum, from the PNG Alliance of Solwara Warriors. Christina Tony, from the Bismarck Ramu Group in PNG said, “These admissions formally confirm what community members and activists have asserted for some time, that Nautilus and the PNG Government are using the Bismarck Sea as their testing ground and that Solwara 1 is indeed Experimental Sea Bed Mining” “The business case for Solwara 1 is extremely weak and is a huge risk for the PNG government. It will not generate revenue, employment or business opportunities for the local communities whose lives and livelihoods depend on the ocean. Our former prime minister and Governor of New Ireland province, Sir Julius Chan, cast his doubts about experimental seabed mining as a serious environmental risk for our seas which are the gardens for our people.” The Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA), who control the world’s largest sustainable tuna purse seine fishery, have warned this week that without caution and adherence to the precautionary principle sea bed mining will go down the same track as the tuna fishery- foreign companies over exploiting Pacific Island resources with no tangible benefits delivered to local populations. The National Fisheries Authority in PNG has also expressed its concerns over seabed mining in the country. FOR MORE INFO: Papua New Guinea: Christina Tony, chrisamoka20[at]gmail.com +675 70942439 Papua New Guinea: Jonathan Mesulam, mesulamjonathan[at]gmail.com +675 70038933 Australia: Natalie Lowrey, natalie.lowrey[at]gmail.com +61 421 226 200
          Cae el déficit en Nauru         

          Desciende la deuda pública en Nauru         

          Mandalatärskyt Lammilla        
Eilen oli mahtavaakin mahtavampi tapaaminen Lammilla, Jutta Karvosen valloittavan ihanassa puutarhassa, kun nelisenkymmentä virkkauksesta hurahtanutta ladya kirmasi koukkuineen, tuoleineen ja kahvikuppeineen samaan pihaan. Voi taikkeri sitä puheensorinaa, naurua ja riemua! Uskomatonta miten lämmin kohtaaminen voi olla niin monen entuudestaan tuntemattoman ihmisen välillä. Ihan meinaan vieläkin pakahtua!



Tapaaminen järjestettiin siis Virkkaa Mandalaa ja CAL -projekteja Faceryhmän kesken ja ensisijaisena aiheena oli vasta valmistuneet Mandala Madnessit (toki kaikki mandalattomatkin olivat tervetulleita). Helenin suunnittelema peitto osui ja upposi heti kertaheitolla suomalaisten sieluihin, sydämiin ja virkkuukoukuihin. Vaikka buumeja on ollut aikaisemminkin, kuten afrikankukkaset, valopallot ja tulppaanimatot, niin ehkä tämä hulluus on silti ollut eniten tajunnanräjäyttävä! Peitossa on ihan varmasti jotain uutta opittavaa kelle tahansa pitkäänkin virkkausta harrastaneelle ja kirjallisten ohjeiden lisäksi upeat video-ohjeet antaa loistavasti tukea epäröivälle. Ja niin kaunis vielä!! Siis ihan mahtavan jutun Helen teki, kun lahjoitti mallinsa ilmaiseksi eteenpäin! Ja aivan ihanaa, että saatiin suomentaa ohje niin monen kieliä vieroksuvan ulottuville! On itselläkin ihan voittajafiilis. 

Ja kylläpä olikin ihan kylmiä väreitä aiheuttavan mahtavaa katsella kaikkia erilaisia väriyhdistelmiä ja eri lankavalintoja. Sama ohje, mutta niin upean erilaiset lopputulokset. 




Ja ihan huippua! Helen itse oli hetken aikaa tulossa tapahtuman kunniavieraaksi, mutta valitettavasti hän kuitenkin estyi muiden kiireiden vuoksi. Hän kuitenkin välitti lämpimät terveiset kaikille ja antoi lahjaksi vielä ennen julkaisemattoman Fox Fires -mandalaohjeen! Voi jestas sentään, että sitä alettiin innolla virkkaamaan, harmi etten hoksannut ottaa ryhmäkuvaa aikaisemmin! Muulle yleisölle ohje julkaistaan maksullisena syyskuun alussa. Olisi ollut ihan superia saada itse Helen mukaan tapahtumaan, mutta ehkä vielä myöhemmin kehitellään jotain kivaa... 




Virkkuutärskyillä oli paikalla myös Mervilla ihanine lankoineen, itse olin vaan niin pöllämystyneenä ja ällikällä koko tapahtumasta, etten kyennyt oikein ymmärtämään että mitä lankoja voisin valita niiden lukemattomien ihanuuksien kesken, kun kaikkiakaan ei voi (kai) ostaa. No, ensikerralla sitten, kun on pääkoppa vähemmän kuormitettu :).

Lisäksi saatiin pari tavarapalkintoa arvottavaksi osallistujien kesken. Mervilla lahjotti langat Fox Fires -mandalaan ja Menita Virkkuri 3, ihananvihreän kalalangan ja virkkuukoukun. Arvontamenetelmä oli ohjelmanumero sinällään, kun jokainen paikallaolija nosti vuorollaan lapun pois - jäljellejääneet pääsi palkinnoille. Kutkuttavan jännittävää!! Palkinnot nappasi Päivi Metsola ja Riitta Sydänmaalakka. Onnea voittajille ja suurkiitokset palkinnon lahjoittajille!




Sää antoi pääsääntöisesti parastaan, vaikka välillä saatiin vähän vettäkin. Fox Firesin (eli revontulimandalan), arvonnan, lankamyynnin ja hyvän seuran lisäksi tarjolla oli tuoreista aineksista itse tehtyä tomaattikeittoa ja leipää, kahvia ja tuoretta pullaa. Omnomnom. Tein itse keiton ja oli ihan uskomattoman hienoa kuulla sitä kehuttavan parhaaksi tomaattikeitoksi ikinä!! Kaikki kohdillaan!

Ihan kerrassaan upea päivä kyllä oli!! Olisiko tässä perinne? Ainakin ekan kerran perusteella sille olisi sekä tarvetta että haluja! Kiitos Jutalle upeista puitteista ja kaikille paikallaolleille mahtavasta hengestä!





                  

          ÐœÐ°Ñ€Ð¾ÐºÐºÐ¾ 2017. Часть 3        
Продолжу свой фотоотчет по Марокко.
Все фотографии обработал, осталось только опубликовать. Текста нет.

Выехали из Феса в сторону Мерзуги. Примерно 450 км.
















Космонавты высадились


Аутентичные марроканские придорожные отели


Еду по серпантину, никого не трогаю. Впереди ползет огромный армейский грузовик (больше Камаза). Скорость около 40 км\ч. В левом повороте по середине дороги на нас выскакивает легковушка. И в… ется в грузовик!
10 сантиметров правее — и все было бы окей! Но он даже рулем не дернул.
Мимо меня пролетает пластик и стекло, я принимаю правее. Грузовик останавливается, я начинаю его объезжать справа. Тут открывается пассажирская дверь и мне под колеса пытается спрыгнуть солдатик. Побибикал ему и уехал оттуда нахрен.





У меня немного мозг взрывался, когда ехал на мотоциклах между пальм. Очень прикольно








Какое-то озеро


Поразительная зеленая река. Смотрится очень круто. Именно здесь понимаешь что вода это жизнь.


Остановились поснимать развалины (или жилые дома у них такие — непонятно). Моментально к нам ломанулась толпа детей, пришлось сваливать :)



Тетки мароканские


Какой-то городок. Весь перерытый, но колоритный




В Мерзуге нашли гостиницу


Ну и главная картинка. Надо такую же с кенгурами


Фотографий еще очень много, так что вас ждут интересные места. Не сбегайте далеко…

Постоянный адрес публикации: bikepost.ru
          Keindahan Alam Negara Kecil di Dunia        
Berikut adalah 17 negara yang paling kecil (dilihat dari luas area), mulai dari yang terkecil sampai terluas. Masing – masing negara ini mempunyai luas tidak lebih dari 200 mil persegi. Jika kita menggabungkan luas negara yang ada dalam list ini, kita Cuma akan mendapatkan sebuah negara yang sedikit lebih luas dari Rhode Island. Bahkan Singapore negara tetangga kita masih lebih besar dari daftar yang ada dibawah ini (Singapore mempunyai luas 246 mil persegi)!


Vatican City - 0,2 mil persegi – Merupakan negara berdault yang
paling kecil di dunia. Vatican hanya mempunyai populasi sebanyak 770
orang, dan tidak ada yang merupakan permanent resident (warga negara
tetap). Negara kecil yang dikelilingi oleh St. Peter’s Basilica ini
merupakan Pusat Spiritual bagi umat Katholik Roma.



Monaco – 0,7 mil persegi – Negara mungil ini terhampar sepanjang
pantai mediterania Perancis. Monaco dihuni sekitar 32.000 warganya.
Negara ini juga terkenal dengan Casino Monte Carlo dan Princesss Grace.
Negara ini telah berdiri sebagai sebuah negara merdeka sejak abad ke 13.


Nauru – 8,5 mil persegi – Sekitar 13.000 warganya sangat
bergantung kepada deposit fosfat yang semakin hari semakin menyusut.
Negara ini merdeka pada tahun 1968 dan sebelumnya dikenal sebagai
Pleasant Island.


Tuvalu – 9 mil persegi – Tuvalu terdiri dari susunan 9 karang
sepanjang rantai karang yang terdapat di Polynesia. Negara ini merdeka
pada tahun 1978 dan dihuni sekitar 12.000 warga.


San Marino – 24 mil persegi – terletak di gunung Titano sebelah
utara Italia, San Marino mempunyai 29.000 penduduk. Negara yang
mengklaim sebagai negara tertua di Eropa ini, telah berdiri sejak abad
ke 4.


Liechtenstein – 62 mil persegi – Berpenduduk sekitar 34.000 jiwa, negara ‘mikro’ ini terletak di Sungai Rhine antara Switzerland dan Austria.


Marshall Islands – 70 mil persegi – Mendapatkan kemerdekaan pada
tahun 1986 setelah resmi memisahkan diri dari Pasific Island (yang
termasuk dalam wilayah Amerika Serikat). Negara ini berpenduduk 58.000
jiwa.


Saint Kitts and Nevis – 104 mil persegi – Negara yang terletak
di kepulauan Karibia ini mendapatkan kemerdekaan pada tahun 1983 dan
mempunyai warga negara sebesar 39.000 jiwa.


Seychelles – 107 mil persegi – 81.000 penduduk yang tinggal di
negara kepulauan di Samudra Hindia ini telah merdeka dari Inggris sejak
tahun 1976.


Maldives – 115 mil persegi – Terletak di Samudra Hindia, negara
ini mendapatkan kemerdekaan dari Inggris pada tahun 1965 dan dihuni
oleh 340.000 jiwa.


Malta – 122 mil persegi – Negara ini terletak di sebelah selatan
pulau Sicilia Italia. Merdeka pada tahun 1964 dari Inggris dan memiliki
400.000 penduduk.


Grenada – 133 mil persegi – Terletak dekat sekali dengan
Venezuela, negara ini merdeka pada tahun 1974 dari Inggris dengan
populasi penduduk berjumlah 90.000 jiwa.


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – 150 mil persegi – 117.000
jiwa menghuni negara yang terletak di Kepulauan Karibia ini. Negara ini
mendapatkan kemerdekaan dari Inggris pada tahun 1979.


Barbados – 166 mil persegi – Merdeka dari inggris pada tahun 1966 dan dihuni sekitar 280.000 jiwa dan terletak di Kepulauan Karibia.


Antigua and Barbuda – 171 mil persegi – Bangsa Karibia yang
berjumlah 69.000 jiwa ini merdeka dari Inggris pada tahun 1981. Tiga
pulau indah yang menjadi wilayah negara ini, menjadi andalan pemasukan
negara dari sektor pariwisata.


Andorra – 180 mil persegi – berpenduduk sekitar 70.000 jiwa, dan merdeka dari Perancis pada tahun 1278.


Palau – 191 mil persegi – Palau dikenal juga dengan nama Belau,
sebelumnya bernama Carolines. Terdiri dari 200 gugusan pulau dengan
populasi sebanyak 20.000 jiwa. Palau mendeka sejak tahun 1994.

          Reality star Jaime Faith Edmondson of The Amazing Race and Girls next Door stark NAKED        
Ravishing redhead knockout Jaime Faith Edmondson was born on December 30, 1978 in Bartow, Florida. She stems from a family of police officers. Edmondson grew up in Georgia until she was five years old. Jaime moved to South Florida with her mother and stepfather. She attended North East High School in Oakland Park, Florida. Jaime graduated from Florida Atlantic University with a degree in Criminal Justice in 2002. Edmondson worked the night shift as a police officer in Baco Raton, Florida for two years. She eventually quit the police force so she could become a cheerleader for the Miami Dolphins. Edmondson and fellow Miami Dolphins cheerleader Cara Rosenthal were participants in the competitive reality TV series "The Amazing Race 14." Jaime was the Playmate of the Month in the January, 2010 issue of "Playboy." An avid animal lover, Edmondson does volunteer work at a non-profit shelter for dogs.



































































          Australia returns Sri Lankans from `people-smuggling` boat        

Sydney: Australia has returned home six Sri Lankans which it said were onboard a "people smuggling boat" after intercepting it at sea, Immigration Minister Peter Dutton said Wednesday.

Under `Operation Sovereign Borders` asylum-seekers trying to reach Australia by boat are either sent back to where they departed from or transferred to remote Pacific island camps.

Dutton gave no indication of where the boat was detected, whether those on board applied for asylum or were assessed for refugee status, and how they were returned.

"Australia has returned a group of Sri Lankan nationals to Sri Lanka yesterday (Tuesday) after recently intercepting a people smuggling venture," the minister said in a statement.

"Six Sri Lankans who were attempting to travel illegally to Australia were aboard the vessel which was intercepted on an approach to Australia."

More than 25 boats have been returned since the introduction of Operation Sovereign Borders in September 2013, a policy the government says has stopped deaths at sea after a spate of drownings.

Dutton stressed that Australia would not change its policy on boatpeople, which sees them returned or sent to the tiny Pacific state of Nauru or Papua New Guinea`s Manus Island and denied resettlement in Australia even if found to be refugees.

The policy has been criticised by rights groups as essentially placing refugees in indefinite detention on remote Pacific islands, where living conditions have been criticised.

Dutton said in the latest incident Australian authorities had been tipped off by their Sri Lankan partners "so we were ready and waiting to locate and detain the boat".

"We have worked cooperatively with Sri Lanka for several years now and since Operation Sovereign Borders began in 2013 every Sri Lankan boat that has attempted to come to Australia illegally, has failed," he added.

In June, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said since the conservative government came to power in September 2013, some 28 boats carrying 734 people had been turned back.

Yes
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          Scott Morrison in Nauru TV news report – video [ BeritaTerkini ]        

A recording of a Nauruan TV news report shows the minister for immigration and border protection, Scott Morrison, addressing a group of asylum seekers who had been transferred to Nauru detention. Morrison informs them they will not be settled in Australia and should pass on the message to family and friends. The video was reportedly filmed from Nauruan television in October

  • Source: Bronwyn McNamee
  • Length: 3min 52sec
  • theguardian.com
  • Thursday 28 November 2013
//


          Surveys seek input on needs and resources for biodiversity data in the Pacific Islands        

To help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme, GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands—two stakeholder groups critical to the programme’s long-term success.

Data holders need resources and incentives to distribute the many types of information that they steward. Available in English and French, this survey seeks to understand the financial or technical challenges that data holders in the Pacific Islands face in sharing data and its use in research and policy.

Decision makers depend on high-quality biodiversity information to support planning and policy and to encourage world-class research. The second survey (also available in English and French versions) seeks insights into how well the information needs of decision makers in the Pacific Islands are currently served.

We invite those interested in responding to take the 12- and 13-question, 20-minute surveys, and also to share them with their contacts and networks. Wider distribution will help us gain a deeper, more practical understanding of how BID can best support data mobilization and use across the Pacific.

Those respondents who may lack sufficiently reliable Internet connectivity may download and fill out 'offline' versions of the appropriate survey in Microsoft Word:

GBIF expects to issue a call for proposals led by organizations from the ACP countries in the Pacific Islands in late August or early September 2016. Potential grantseekers can sign up to receive updates via email or visit the BID grantseekers’ site for more information as it becomes available.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

Images 
Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. Photo by Nick Hobgood.

Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. 2014 CC BY-NC Nick Hobgood https://flic.kr/p/puxsk5

Content GBits 

GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands to help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme.

GBIF area 
Data use 
Programme 
Organizations 
Content stream 
Post to Facebook 

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          Turnbull & Trump: Masters of depravity        
  For those of you who haven’t read the full transcript of the phone call between US President Donald Trump and Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull, here’s the link. For the politically aware, the transcript serves to confirm what we’d long since concluded: the agreement by the US to take refugees from Manus Island and Nauru […]
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          Asylum seeker children on Nauru abused, sexually harassed at school: former teacher        
January 08, 2016 | smh A five-year-old asylum seeker was urinated on by a group of Nauruan boys and asylum seeker girls have been sexually harassed at school, a former teacher says, saying many parents are too scared to send their … Continue reading
          P4 Extra 10 augusti 2016        
Sexuella övergrepp och våld på asylläger på Nauruöarna, åtta bilar sattes i brand Vingåker, striden om Aleppo trappas upp, Gigi Hamilton berättar om sin nya låt och en stor damm ska rivas i Guldsmedshyttan för att rädda Flodpärlemusslan.
          Loma        
Kesä on vienyt mennessään, niinpä on ollut kovin hiljaista blogieloni. Toissa viikolla saatiin esimakua lomailuun. Talo täyttyi pienistä askeleista ja kotipiha sekä lähivedet avautuivat ihan uusin silmin. Työtäkin ollaan ehditty pikku loman jälkeen tehdä hyvillä mielin.

Nyt on ojanpientareiden ja puutarhan kukkakedot karsittu kotimaljakoihin ja on leppoisaa aikaa odotella juhannusvieraiden saapumista.

Kuvakollaasin matkassa saat kurkistaa kappaleen meidän kesää.


Ilo ja vapaus. Kevyt askel. Nauru. Huolettomuus...
Lasten askeleet viitoittavat aikuiselle tietä nauttia kesästä.
Kurkistus kujille.
Iloiset askeleet johdattivat illallispöytään. Loma alkakoot. Niin on hyvä fiilis, ettei meinaa
jalatkaan pysyä pöydän alla :)
Paluumatkalla käydään vielä katsastamassa leulukaupan lumoavat ikkunat.
Elo on kuin kuninkaallisilla konsanaan.
Kotipihan auringossa menee päivä sun toinen. Aurinko leikittelee hiuksilla ja
sadunlumo on matkassa.
Iloa, naurua ja laulua riittää.
Tuulten tyyntyessä suotuisiksi suuntaamme keulamme Klovharun muumisaareen.
Täällä karussa kauneudessa Tove Jansson inspiroitui tarinoihin, joiden tarinaa
saamme jatkaa omissa mielissämme.
Kaunista <3
Harussa oli meidän lisäksi kymmenittäin, jollei sadoittain lintuja.
Askeleet tuli ottaa harkiten ja koirat pitää lähellä meitä.
Toven suloinen mökki teki tilaa ihmisen tulla.
Tuvassa pohdimme lastenlasten kanssa Toven viettämiä aikoja saaressa, tuulen, sateen
ja auringon armoilla. Lapset oli hiljaisen lumoutuneita. 
Ja sitten me syötiin kunnon saaristolaisillallinen, tuulessa tietenkin :)

Maailman kauneusloisto kehottaa minut vapauttamaan sieluni syvyyksistä oman elämäni jumalvoimat maailmojen lentoon. (R.S.)

Kaunista ja ilontäyteistä Juhannusta <3

-Siili-

          Karavaani liikkuu        
Miten se voikaan olla niin mykistävän ihanaa kun hauvavauva tulee taloon? Jokainen liike, tuhina ja kielen lipaisu on koettava. Muutamassa päivässä pienestä, hiukan hissukasta tytöstä on kuoriutunut luottavainen, tutkaileva neiti. Enpä muista onko meillä kukaan koirulaisista vielä kolmen kuukauden iässä niin päättäväisesti halunut sohvalle ja erityisesti halunut tulla sieltä itse alas. Kaikki portaat mennään tullen mennen ja muutenkin ollaan siellä missä muutkin.

Ja apua, tässä kun kirjoittelen kuului Tiitun vinkunaa pikkuhuoneesta! Neiti oli kiivennyt sohvan kautta nukenvaunuihin, eikä päässyt luonnollisestikaan sieltä itse alas. Huh! Aika vauhdikasta meininkiä, vähän niin kaksivuotiaiden ihmislasten kanssa, jotka koko suurella itsevarmuudellaan valloittavat maailmaa ja luulevat osaavansa jo kaiken. Hoivaa ja huolenpitoa roimasti kehiin.

Aluksi kaikkeen tutustuttiin hiukan ihmetellen ja hissukseen, kuulostellen, että
mikäköhän mahtaa ollaa tämän poppoon henki.

Eilen käytiin Helsingin reissulla. Minä kävin hoitamassa mukavia maamon velvotteita lastenlasten laulukoulun kevätkonsertissa. Kaikki koiruudet lähtivät mukaan, kuinkas muutenkaan. Ei nyt sentään ihan konserttisaliin, mutta vähän ulkoilemaan ainakin. Ehdittiin käydä hetkinen leikkimässä Zisun ensimmäisen pentueen, ystäväni luokse kotiutuneen, Aava chihuahuan kanssa. Aava on Tiitua pari viikkoa nuorempi, joten leikit olivat heti samalla aaltopituudella.

Muutama päivä siinä meni, että oma paikka laumasta alkoi löytymään.
Välillä juostaan karkuun muita ja useimmiten juuri sinne missä
ne kaikki muut ovat. Nurmikkojuoksussa Tiitun hännillä Zisun tytär Aava.
Taluttimessa kulkeminen on Tiitusta innostavaa, kun on tämä uusi poppoo, jonka
matkassa sitä haluaa pysyä. Neljän koiran lauma tosin vaatii
vähän treeniä kaksijalkaisilta :)
Laulukoulun kevätjuhlassa oli jälleen niin upeita esityksiä, ettei meinannut maamo
herkistymättä esityksistä selvitä. A sai elämänsä ensimmäisen stipendin ja oli aika
jännittävää mennä eteen hakemaan se ja seistä potretissa isompien laulajien kanssa.
Bussipysäkillä jännitys laukesi ja kikatus sekä irvistykset pääsivät
valloilleen :)
Maamon omat murut. Olen niin onnellinen jokaisesta irvistyksestänne, naurustanne,
harmistanne, kysymyksestänne ja ihan vain siitä, että olette niin
AINUTLAATUISIA <3
Vaikka menoa ja meininkiä riittä, pyrin näkemään niitä pieniä, minulle niin merkityksellisiä hetkiä. Olhuoneen maljakossa tuoksuvat huumaavasti kielot. Ulkona laulaa satakieli. Ja minun mieleni tekee matkaa, joka päivä ja joka hetki, matkaa jossakin, jossa huomaan olevani useimmiten jo perillä.


- Siili -

          Täällä taas        
Hei ystäväiset!
Olipa ihaaana LOMA! Blogikin sai elää rauhaisaa hiljaiseloa. Nyt on ilo taas olla täällä, teidän kaikkien ihanuuksien parissa :)

Kuvia tuli reissussa räpsittyä niin paljon, että päätin koostaa niistä kollaseeja ja anatautua niiden matkassa vielä kerran lomatunnelmiin. Olkaapa hyvät!

Pääsiäisreissun kanssamatkaajiksi lähtivät tällä erää 4 ja 5 vuotiaat lapsenlapsemme A ja E. Täydellinen matkaseura pakattiin kolmen koiran kaveriksi takapenkille ja meno oli sen mukaista :) Ensitöiksemme ajoimme pääkaupunkiseudulta Rukalle, Kuusamoon. Tällä etapilla valikoitui reissun toptenlista. Tässä tyttöjen kärkipään biisisuosikit:
- Kuusamo (Danny)
- Hummani hei (T.Rautavaara)
- Naurava kulkuri (J. Ruonansuu)
- Isoisän olkihattu (T.Rautavaara)
- Päivänsäde ja menninkäinen (T.Rautavaara)

Nauravalle kulkurille naurettiin niin monet naurut, että lopulta meitä aikuisia melkein itketti. Kuusamo kaikui vielä viikon jälkeen saatellessamme tyttöjä koteihinsa. Niin ja tiesittehän, että Helsingissä ei asu enää helsinkiläisiä....? (näin ainakin laulussa sanotaan). Tää oli tytöistä varmaankin biisin paras kohta :)


Perillä Saariselän Kiilopäällä meitä odottivat vanhat tutut maisemat. Rakkaat tunturit ja latuverkkojen loputtomat mahdollisuudet. E yllätti ekan päivän sivakointi-innollaan, kokonaiset 10 kilsaa tuli "matkamittariin". A:kin pääsi jo menemisen makuun. Ahkioon pääsi lepäämään kun voimat olivat kortilla ja tsemppaaminenkaan ei enää auttanut.


Seuravaa aamu valkeni lumisateisena ja mieskin kulki nenäliina nokassa kiinni, flussan kourissa. Ladulle lähteminen ei innostanut ja niinpä vuokrasimme poppoolle lumikengät. Ja jos, ette ole koskaan moista menoa kokeillut, kannattaa joskus testata. Oli nääs sen verran hauskaa puuhaa. Illalla lähdettiin vielä piemeän aikaan tunturiretkelle lumikengillä tähystelemään täysikuuta (jota ei tosi bongattu, kun se viipyili tunturin takana tyttöjen nukkumaanmenoon asti).


Lumisateet tulee ja menee. Loput hiihtopäivät kylvimmekin auringossa. E paineli vanhaan tuttuun malliin ja A:lla alkoi suksi luistamaan niin, että tuli melkein kuusi kilsaa sivakoitua ennen kuin ahkion suloisuus imaisi makuupussin uumeniin. Eipä muuten taidettu hiihtää kuin 200 metriä kunnon mehu- makkaranpaistotauon jäkeen, kun jo tytöt vetelivät ahkiossa sikeitä.


Ja koska oltiin pääsiäsireissulla, niin olimme pitäneet jo usean päivän silmät ja korvat auki kaiken maailman noitien, tipujen ja pupujen suhteen. Kuulimme huhuja, että tunturissa loikkii aivan erityinen pääsiäispupujen suku. Näimmekin usein ladun vieressä kulkevan tutun askelsarjan; kaksi vierekkäin - kaksi peräkkäin. Seurasimme uutterasti jälkiä ja kapuaminen Niilanpään porokämpän maisemiin palkittiin, sillä kämpän takaa löytyi kaksi suurta munaa. Voi sitä riemua, kun sisältä paljastui ties mitä herkkua ja yllätystä. Ei meinannut vaarikaan uskoa silmiä!


Tokihan lasten riemu oli muutakin kuin suksilla ponnistelua. Ihania lumileikkejä, jääpuikkoja, leikkejä yläsängyssä, pitkiä illallisia ja savusaunassa kylpemistä sekä avannossa varpaiden uittamista (eli uimista).


Mitäpä sitä muuta on lapsen elämä, kun tässä ja nyt hetkeen tarttumista. Ihanaa on huomata, kuinka mukavaa on lähteä mukaan tähän mutkattomaan elämäntapaan.


Reissun loppusuoralla kuumotti vielä yksi odotettu kohde - VAASA ja siellä maamon pikkuisin lapsonen (reilu pari kymmpinen nuorimmaiseni) ja tyttären avopuoliso. Ilo oli ylimmillään kun saatiin viettää pari päivää rakkaiden kanssa. <3 Vaasan kylpylähotelli majoitti meidät vanhaan tutttun tapaan ja olisihan meille kelvannut muukin majoitus, mutta kun siellä on se kylpylä (sanoivat tytöt)!

Nyt on taas arki kohdallaan. Tuleva viikonloppu kutsuu jälleen kouluksen pariin. Kevät kai tekee tuloaan, vaikka totuuden nimissä en ole uskaltanut edes yhden yhtä narsissia istuttaa piharuukkuun. Onneksi auringon säteidn voima on jo niin suloisen lämmin, että eiköhän se sieltä hiivi, se KEVÄT!

LAPSENMIELISTÄ ILOA TOIVOTELLEN!
- Siili-

          Portaikossa tapahtuu        
Ehdinkin jo mainita, että meillä on alkanut vihdoin tapahtua portaikossa.
Huh ja hei! Tämä osa remonttia ei olekaan mikään pikku juttu.
Yli 90 vuotta vanhat, natisevat portaat, eteinen ja yläkerran pieni aula ovat aloittaneet uudistusleikin.


Portaista on hiottu vanha maali pois, osasta seinäpintoja kaivettu Haltex-levyn alta vanhaa raakalautaa esille, pakkeloitu, kitattu, suojattu...
...ja kohta päästään tekemään uutta pintaa, maalaten ja tapetoiden.
En malttaisin odottaa.

Raakalautapinnat maalataan Uula-valkoisella. Vasemmalla näkyvä seinä tapetoidaan Sandbergin "tammi-lintu"-tapetilla. Portaat maalataan Uula-lattiamaalilla. Sävy päätetään sitten kun seinät ovat valmiit, mutta vahvana ennakkosuosikkina on joku siniharmaan sävy.

Projekti jatkuu eteisen puolelle alakertaan. Sama maalattu raakalautameininki toistuu portaiden alapuolella olevassa seinässä (vastapäinen seinä on tapetoitu tässä postauksessa vilahtavalla TAPETILLA, jota samaa tulee myös portaikkoon).



Eräs blogiystäväni jakoikin muutama päivä sitten omia kokemuksia portaikon remontista ja nyt jo uskon, että tähän hommaan ryhdytään vain kerran elämässä. Ainakin minun nopeatempoinen luonne on jo nyt koetuksella :) Valmista tulee pikku hiljaa, monen työvaiheen jälkeen. Kuiva suti jo heiluu kädessäni, kun kärsimättömänä odotan, että pääsisin itsekin jo jotain tekemään.

Kun en muuta puuhaa vielä keksinyt, niin sijoittelin kevätuutuuksiani portaikkoon kuvattavaksi.

Tii-ti-dii...eilen hain NE...kevätkengät!!!!
Nämä olin päättänyt ostaa. Vagabondin Cortonat.
Ja ne on niin ihanat :)

Nämä ja mä odotamme sulia teitä jolle päästä astelemaan

Mukaan tarttui myös valkoinen farkkutakki. Aivan oikein, valkoinen.
Puolisolta pääsi heti naurun härähdys - valkoinen!
Kuulemma pienet mustat tassunjäljet kohta koristavat takin liepeitä.
Myönnettäköön, että unohdin kokonaan käytännöllisyyden. Ehkä takki pääsee vain erityisille reissuille, sellaisille joissa sen valkoisuus saa pitää kutinsa.

Ehkä sitten huhtikuussa (Tommy Hilfiger)
Jotta ei menisi ihan vain kevätkelien odotteluksi soin sentään itselleni (jälleen kerran) yhden raitapaidan lisää. Stockan valoissa se näytti sini-valkoiselta, mutta kotona paljastui musta-valkoinen todellisuus. Itseasiassa aika hauska valinta.

Raitapaita päälle (Vila) ja keltaiset helmet kaulaan, niin tämän päivän
toimistoasu on siinä. Ehkä hiukan suoristan vielä tuota hapsottavaa
peikkotukkaani.

Aurinkoisia ajatuksia sinulle!
- Siili -


          Encoded/Embedded Information        



Digital Technology and Art/Design

QR codes are black modules arranged in a square pattern on white background. The information encoded can be text, URL or other data.

QR Codes are now used in a much broader context….aimed at mobile phone users (known as mobile tagging). QR Codes storing addresses and URLs may appear in magazines, on signs, buses, business cards, or on just about any object that users might need information about. This act of linking from physical world objects is known as a hardlink or physical world hyperlinks. How can you use this technology in your work?

From Wikipedia:

In 2009 the Japanese artist Takashi Murakami, in collaboration with creative agency SET and Louis Vuitton, created a design QR featuring the LV pattern and one of the artist’s characters.

In 2010 the musician and artist DJ Spooky used QR code in a fine art print exhibited at Experimenta Biennale, Melbourne. Scanning the code takes users to an experiential web based artwork called the Nauru Ellegies, about the complexities of the South Pacific island of Nauru.

Since 2006 the Italian artist Fabrice de Nola uses QR codes in oil paintings or embedded in photographs.

In 2007 the British pop group Pet Shop Boys used QR code for the artwork of their download-only single Integral.

In July of 2009, QR-code was created for character design and promotional materials in the Tim Burton movie 9 (2009 film).


          Viatges electorals (I): Nauru        
La República de Nauru, popularment coneguda com l’Illa del plaer, és una petita illa de la Micronèsia, al sud de l’oceà Pacífic. Tot i tractar-se de la república més petita del món (21 km2) i del segon Estat menys poblat, amb uns 10.000 habitants (el primer és Ciutat del Vaticà), té una història electoral més […]
          Community Event        
Name * What would you like to invite the community to? (Ballet performance, rugby game, chess tournament, piano recital, etc...) * Wanna give some more details? Date/Time * Where will it be held? * AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiComorosCongo (Brazzaville)CongoCosta RicaCote d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEast Timor (Timor Timur)EcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGabonGambia, TheGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, NorthKorea, SouthKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepaNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint VincentSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbia and MontenegroSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVenezuelaVietnamYemenZambiaZimbabwe Website Upload Flyer or Photo (optional) Prev Next Submit
          Encuentra personas mdiante su telefono y el GPS        
A continuacion les presentamos esta innovacion para localizar gente mediante la señal del celular y un GPS. Gracias a www.trackapartner.com

Debes poner el pais y el numero de telefono con el codigo de la ciudad...


Track a phone number here
Select Country:
Phone Number:
Attention:
THE USE OF THIS SYSTEM IS FOR INFORMATIVE PURPOSES ONLY, WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS ABUSE BY THE USER.
Welcome to Satellite Tracking
GSM mobile phone tracking system via the GPS-TRACK satellite network
Based on repeater triangulation, the system tracks mobile phones using GPS and GSM technology
We are not responsible for possible tracking errors that may occur.
Use areas
You can see where a person is; such as your wife, husband or friend in real time anywhere in the world 24/7
Copyright © www.trackapartner.com All Rights Reserved

Approximate margin of error:
10 meters (max.) for mobile phones in Europe and the U.K.
25 meters (max.) for mobile phones in the U.S.A., South America and Canada.
50 meters (max.) for mobile phones elsewhere.
This system will not work in countries without GSM technology networks.

          To My Twenty-Fifth Century Biographers        
Fiction by Ron Bass

 
Chapter 1: It's a Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood



Your worldly-wise scribbler idylls, then slips away
To Post Futurist forms of a pleasure-lit day.

Brockden White, To My Twenty-Fifth Century Biographers



“Although walking along the edge of the abyss can become old very quickly, if you keep on the path long enough, which incidentally implies that you are lucky enough to keep from falling in, it eventually becomes a brand new experience all over again. Unless you happen to be a thrill-seeker, and I am definitely not one, what is most noteworthy is the return of a sense of unbounded terror that can manifest itself in the form of tremors, palpitations, nausea and sweating. Such is not-death,” Eugene Greenfield observed to himself as he narrowly skateboarded past an oncoming SUV while crossing Avenue A at 3rd Street. On the far corner he looked up into the eyes of Katrina V., an aspiring neo-Weimar chanteuse he knew slightly from the Dolphin gym he would be boarding past in about ten seconds. Behind Katrina's eyes he could readily imagine the intimations of a distinctly different flavor of infinity. Blowing a kiss at Katrina and receiving a blown kiss in return, Eugene glided down the block to Step Mama, his mind suddenly fixated on a blackened catfish sandwich with jalapeño mayonnaise. Savoring the surprisingly balmy April weather, he skated idly down the block, planning out his afternoon.

Five minutes later he was sitting outside of Step Mama on a school exam chair, eating his sandwich and drinking a bottle of water, gazing abstractedly at the magnolia tree across the street in Miracle Garden. He was mentally replaying pieces of the telephone conversation he had with his father the previous evening. His father had told him that his actions were "tending toward the oracular." This was clearly, and without being stated as such, not even vaguely a positive development. White shoe law firm mergers and acquisitions partners never approved of tending toward the oracular. The case in point was Eugene's latest installation piece, It's Always a Service to Pleasure You. He had hacked into Citibank's ATM network, and substituted the words constituting the title of his piece for the more traditional "It's Always a Pleasure to Serve You." After a description of the piece appeared in a New York Times review of the Netty Netty Bang Bang group show at Psyclops Gallery on Rivington Street, he was initially threatened with legal action. But after a couple of conversations with one of Citicorp's lawyers he settled for a $50,000 consulting fee and a very modest retainer in exchange for demonstrating how he hacked the network. Eugene was somehow not at all surprised that his father, who was hardly an aficionado of installation art, had learned about this piece. Over the years Darwin Greenfield had worked on deals involving all of the major money center banks, and he knew virtually all of the players at the most senior level. Getting back on his board, Eugene speculated about how active his father had been in the outcome of his encounter with Citicorp, and reluctantly acknowledged to himself that the likely answer was "very active." Putting thoughts about his father out of his mind, he cruised down Avenue B, singing:
Chopping cabbage in the hot sun
I fought the slaw and the slaw won
I fought the slaw and the slaw won. . .
I Fought the Slaw was the theme song from Attack of the Killer Cole Slaw, a 1950s horror film diorama he was putting the finishing touches on. Now it was time to begin focusing on a very different type of horror film. Eugene was heading toward Lotus Club for a one o'clock coffee date with Evie Phillips, an old friend and former lover from undergrad days at Bennington. During the four months of their relationship, Evie, who was an adept, had taught him quite a lot about some of the more arcane aspects of kundalini yoga. After deciding upon her next student, Evie abruptly transitioned their love relationship into a warm and bantering friendship that, more than six years later, continued to grow in emotional and intellectual intensity. Even now, and especially during sexual interludes, Eugene often found himself visualizing Evie a short distance away, with beams of white, ruby red and lapis lazuli light flowing between their foreheads, throats and hearts. After Bennington Evie became an indie film director. She was currently putting together financing for Maoist Cannibals Ate My Homeland, a fiction film about the making of a documentary film depicting the Chinese Communists' ongoing genocidal activities in Tibet. In her phone message, Evie had indicated that she wanted to talk with Eugene about the film. As a member of the Scenepainters Union, he surmised that he was going to be hit with a request to work way below scale. He also knew there was no way in the world that he could possibly turn Evie down. “At least I might get to paint some tankas,” he reflected, as he pushed open the front door of Lotus Club.

Proceeding to the back of Lotus Club with his single shot of espresso, Eugene mentally donned his invisibility cloak as he strode past Alcibiades Jackson. During their last encounter, he was an involuntary listener to an extended portion of Al's new standup comedy routine, which was now out on DVD under the title Land of a Billion Dicks. Eugene thought the segment about Al's presumptive school days was somewhat funny. Still, he would have rather not been subjected to it at a time not of his own choosing, and to date he had never voluntarily chosen to sit through a standup comedy act. All he could remember now of Al's routine were the lines: "At Harvey Scotchandsoda High School they didn't have home room. You started the day in back room. Hey, I got an A in wood shop. I made a glory hole." Sitting at the corner table by the back door, Eugene looked at his watch and saw he was ten minutes early. Taking a small format paperback copy of Ada out of his back pocket, he read about the texture of time for exactly ten minutes, at which point his cell phone rang. It was Evie, saying she was stuck in a meeting in midtown that was running late, and asking if they could reschedule for tomorrow at the same time. Eugene agreed, said goodbye to Evie, finished the paragraph he was reading, downed the last of his espresso, and walked back out onto Clinton Street. His next destination was Bobbi Sue Nickerson's apartment on Norfolk Street, three stories above Lansky Lounge. Carrying his board, Eugene found himself smiling broadly as he sang:
There is a young beagle
Isabel by name
She is a fearsome snuffler
Low cunning is her game
Isabel Arfer, low cunning is your game
Isabel Arfer, low cunning is your game. . .
Isabel, although a lady in her own right, and definitely not a tramp, could nonetheless be regarded as the Igby of the canine world. Over the past two years she had literally been booted out of the obedience school equivalents of Exeter, Choate and those military academies advertised in the back of the Sunday Times magazine. But however incorrigible her behavior was, whenever Eugene used to spend the night at Bobbi Sue's, Isabel would always fall asleep resting her chin on one of his thighs. As a puppy she was unfailingly sweet-tempered, until the day she improbably climbed on top of a footstool, and from there, on top of a living room end table, where she chewed through a plastic bottle of Advil, and ate enough of the contents to come very close to dying. For over a week it was touch and go. Eugene and Bobbi Sue took turns feeding her tiny amounts of milk through an eyedropper. When she finally recovered, her tail, formerly ramrod straight, refused to stand up, and she became much louder, sounding almost like a coonhound at times. She was also now given to the furtive chewing of furniture. Isabel was clever enough to realize that Bobbi Sue's threats about the pound were empty bluff. Eugene figured that the drama Isabel created kept his relationship with Bobbi Sue going months longer than it otherwise would have. Even now he occasionally spent an evening in Bobbi Sue's bed, more to be close to Isabel than to Bobbi Sue, not that he wasn't still quite satisfied sexually when he left in the morning. He and Bobbi Sue had an arrangement that when he wasn't working on a film he would come over and walk Isabel during the day. This worked out well for both of them. Eugene got to spend a lot of time with Isabel, and Bobbi Sue, who worked on staff at a lifestyle magazine in midtown, had a dog-walker she trusted.

Eugene never felt happier than when he was alone with Isabel out of doors. Despite a pronounced tendency to hyperactivity at other times, she was always a calm and insightful listener to his comments, stories and asides, often punctuating them with seemingly appropriate snorts, barks, whimpers and cries. On the way to the small dog run in Tompkins Square Park, Eugene outlined the idea for a screenplay that he hoped he could convince Bobbi Sue to collaborate on, since she was a writer and he wasn't: “So you see, Isabel, this is a cybernoir. Our protagonist is a relatively young criminal mastermind of the Internet variety. He runs brothelfinder.com, the by-invitation-only site through which high roller clients can book appointments with their favorite girls at all of the top houses in all of the major cities in the world. The business is headquartered in Nauru, hidden behind an impenetrable network of shell companies, and the computer operations are run out of Moldova. He's worth hundreds of millions of dollars, and he's on the run not only from the Feds and INTERPOL, but also from more than a dozen international criminal syndicates whose territory he's encroaching on. And why can't they locate him? His idiosyncratic sexual kink turns out to be his saving grace. You see, he can only get sexually turned on by pregnant women who have been abandoned by their men. Yes, that's right, Isabel, he's a serial romancer of knocked up ladies. He gets hotter and heavier with them as they get bigger and bigger, but as soon as they pop his erotic attraction to them disappears. But he stays friends with them after the baby is born. He provides for them and their children very generously, and he comes to visit at unpredictable intervals. What he's really doing is using their residences as safe houses, eluding his pursuers who have no clue at all about how to find him. But then one of his exes gloms on to his modus operandi and tries to blackmail him, and the fatal spiral is set in motion. What do you think, Izzy, will it sell?” Isabel wagged her tail with some enthusiasm, but Eugene was unable to determine whether it was for the story or for Zorro, a long-haired dachshund of her acquaintance whom she spied running to greet her from within the confines of the small dog run.

After proceeding into the small dog run and taking off Isabel's leash, Eugene looked up and saw Zorro's owner, Lisa Coverdale, waving to him. Lisa was about forty-five and strikingly beautiful, with a longish oval face, good cheekbones and straight black hair falling gracefully over her shoulders. Although she was nearly twenty years older than him, Eugene always got rock hard in Lisa's presence. Today she was wearing a lavender and white Pucci sundress from the early seventies with, he suspected, nothing on underneath. He couldn't help fantasizing about taking it off her. Not only was she beautiful, she was also incredibly brilliant, and this added exponentially to his excitement. After receiving a Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard, she founded Pre-Hab, Inc., a company that operates a string of clinics providing pre-rehabilitation counseling to the children of Hollywood and rock stars, and other spoiled rich kids. The company's tagline cracked Eugene up when he first heard it: “Pre-Hab. So they won't fuck up the way you did.” Lisa's book, Twelve Steps for Tots, was a bestseller and remains the seminal text in its field. And as a result of the company going public, her net worth was said to be well up into eight figures. Lisa had recently broken up her with longtime boyfriend, the controversial poet, Brockden White, who published under the name Bronc White. Formerly known as a metaphysical poet greatly influenced by Sufi mystics, Taoist sages and seventeenth century English poets such as George Herbert and John Donne, in recent years Bronc White had gotten himself embroiled in the culture wars. He had become a favorite target of the politically correct set, who liked to portray him as being as crazy and as bigoted as Ezra Pound. At a reading at Stanford, half the audience walked out after Bronc read a poem entitled “Queer is Quaint (And Gay is Passé).” Following this reading, over seven hundred prominent American writers signed a petition seeking to revoke the Pulitzer Prize he received the previous year. In the course of their developing friendship, Lisa had insisted to Eugene that Bronc really wasn't the ogre he was made out to be. She confided in him that she had ended their relationship after she found out about his affair with “the evil twin,” her sister Laurel, who was actually two years younger than her. Eugene recalled that Laurel Coverdale, who lived somewhere in the Idaho panhandle, was Executive Director of the Columbine Foundation, whose mission statement was: “To put a handgun in the locker of every school kid in America.” Now, as he came abreast of Lisa standing by the back fence of the small dog run, she surprised him with a kiss on the lips and a full frontal hug that surely left her in no doubt as to what was uppermost in his mind. Running the tip of her left forefinger across his right jaw, and down toward his chin, Lisa stepped back and said:

“When we left off last week we were talking about reincarnation.”

“You were just about to start explaining what you meant by reverse reincarnation.”

“Simply stated, reverse reincarnation entails dying in your next lifetime earlier in time than when you were born in this lifetime.”

“Is that what you're doing in this lifetime? I didn't know that was possible.”

“I'm not entirely sure that it is possible, and I really don't have any solid body of evidence to back up the contention that I am actually reverse reincarnating. Here's part of a song I wrote a couple of decades ago that was in the repertoire of The Astralettes:
Living on embassy row
Going with the flow of information
Living on embassy row
Just taking part in the latest penetrations
Living on embassy row

And when I die I'm going back home
To my study in the future
I'm going to write up the notes from this latest expedition
And then publish a couple of articles
In the learned journals of my chosen fields. . .
By the way, I think it's just as likely that you are doing so, but we don't really know, do we? Let's, for now, just consider it to be hypothetically possible. Now tell me, to whom might this technique appeal?”

“Can we assume that, as in ordinary reincarnation, someone whose practice is very advanced can carry over sets of skills from one lifetime to the next?

“We can assume whatever we want to at this point.”

“Academics doing research on one or another aspect of the past might be interested, particularly historians, anthropologists and natural scientists. But presumably only if they had a way to bring the findings they make back to their point of origin.”

“How could you conceive of that working?”

“You have the time between lifetimes in which you ostensibly plan out your next incarnation. For an academic who is reverse reincarnating, this would be the time she spends back in her office at the university writing up the notes from her most recent lifetime as well as planning out her next one.”

“That's a very creative solution, Eugene, and one that is at least hypothetically plausible. Academic research constitutes a positive use of reverse reincarnation. How about tourism? Do you think that spiritually advanced vacationers might be interested in reincarnating into the past? And would this be a positive thing?”

“I'm not so sure I'd put that on the positive side of the ledger, but it's not necessarily on the negative side either, is it?”

“Let's hold that thought. Next time we'll talk about some potential negative uses of reverse reincarnation. Right now I must take Zorro home. Although I would much, much rather stay here and continue our discussion, I have a conference call with some analysts to discuss the Pre-Hab quarterly numbers in just about twenty minutes.”

Lisa and Eugene embraced gently, pressing their torsos lightly against each other and kissing softly three times in quick succession. Lisa retrieved Zorro and headed toward her apartment in the Christadora, a sturdy pre-war building on the east side of the park. Eugene sat on a bench and watched Isabel Arfer run around for about fifteen minutes. He tried not to pay attention to anything except Isabel in motion, but images of Lisa and Laurel on stage with the rest of The Astralettes kept flitting though his mind. There was Laurel, standing up there impassively, slapping away at her stand-up bass, and Lisa moving back and forth like a panther, switching between her mandolin, her twelve-string guitar and her ukulele. These were, admittedly, second-hand images, as the band had broken up before Eugene even entered kindergarten. Rousing himself from this internal footage, he whistled for Isabel, who came bounding over to him.
Mandalas on my pillow
Told a tale on me
Mandalas on my pillow
Nearly set me free
On the walk back to Bobbi Sue's apartment Eugene found himself singing the chorus from the one fluke hit song recorded by The Astralettes. Lisa told him she heard it in a dream and wrote down the lyrics and the chord changes over her first cup of coffee the next morning. When he asked Lisa why The Astralettes broke up she told him it was because Laurel was insistent about including a blasphemous version of an old white gospel tune, Satan is Just All Right with Me, on their next album and she had just flat out refused. When he finished singing Eugene wanted to think about the possible misuses of reverse reincarnation but was unable to do so, as he found himself feeling somewhat groggy. All he could manage to focus on was the scent of Lisa's perfume, in which he thought he could parse out faint traces of jasmine, hemp and cloves. Whatever it contained it was wildly intoxicating! “Danger, danger, Will Robinson,” Eugene said to Isabel Arfer as he unlocked the front door of Bobbi Sue's building. After kissing Isabel goodbye and reclaiming his skateboard, he decided that a run on the track in East River Park would feel good right about now. After that he would go to the studio and work on the logo for Queequegs, his next guerrilla installation project, which would involve documentation of a middle-of-the-night re-branding of the Starbucks on the corner of Second Avenue and Ninth Street.
Copyright 2009 Ron Bass


          As línguas mais faladas no mundo        
Aproveitando o tema do post anterior, que tal conferir a lista das 50 línguas mais faladas?


1. Mandarim (chinês) - Brunei, Camboja, China, Indonésia, Malásia, Mongólia, Filiipinas, Singapura, África do Sul,Taiwan, Tailândia.
Total de falantes em milhões:    885,0


2. Espanhol -  Andorra, Argentina, Belize, Bolívia, Chile, Colômbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, República Dominicana, Equador, El Salvador, Guiné Equatorial, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicarágua, Panamá, Paraguai, Peru, Espanha, Uruguai, Estados Unidos, Venezuela.
Total de falantes em milhões:  332,0

3. Inglês -  Austrália, Botsuana, Brunei, Camarões, Canadá, Eritréia, Etiópia, Ilhas Fiji, Gâmbia, Guiana, Índia, Irlanda, Israel, Lesoto, Libéria, Malásia, Micronésia, Namíbia, Nauru, Nova Zelândia, Palau, Papua-Nova Guiné, Samoa, Seychelles, Serra Leoa, Singapura, Ilhas Salomão, Somália, África do Sul, Suriname, Suíça, Tonga, Reino Unido, Estados Unidos, Vanuatu, Zimbábue, e diversas ilhas do Caribe.
Total de falantes em milhões:   322,0

4. Bengali -  Bangladesh, Índia, Singapura.
Total de falantes em milhões: 189,0

5. Hindi - Índia, Nepal, Singapura, África do Sul, Uganda.
Total de falantes em milhões:  182,0

6. Português -  Angola, Brasil, Cabo Verde, França, Guiné-Bissau, Moçambique, Portugal, São Tomé e Príncipe.
Total de falantes em milhões:   170,0

7. Russo -  China, Israel, Mongólia, Rússia, Estados Unidos.
Total de falantes em milhões:  170,0

8. Japonês -  Japão, Singapura, Taiwan.
Total de falantes em milhões:   125,0

9. Alemão -  Áustria, Bélgica, Bolívia, República Checa, Dinamarca, Alemanha, Hungria, Itália, Casaquistão, Liechtenstein, Luxemburgo, Paraguai, Polônia, Romênia, Eslováquia, Suíça.
Total de falantes em milhões:  98,0

10. Chinês -  China.
Total de falantes em milhões:  77,2

11. Javanês -  Indonésia, Malásia, Singapura.
Total de falantes em milhões:   75,5

12. Coreano -  China, Japão, Coréia do Norte, Coréia do Sul, Singapura, Tailândia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  75,0

13. Francês -  Andorra, Bélgica, Burkina Fasso, Burundi, Camarões, Canadá, Congo, Zaire, Djibuti, França, Gabão, Guiné, Haiti, Luxemburgo, Mauritânia, Mônaco, Ruanda, Senegal, Seichelles, Suíça, Vanuatu.
Total de falantes em milhões:   72,0

14. Vietnamita -  Vietnã, China.
Total de falantes em milhões:   67,7

15. Telugo -  Índia, Singapura.
Total de falantes em milhões:   66,4

16. Cantonês (chinês) -  Brunei, China, Costa Rica, Indonésia, Malásia, Panamá, Filipinas, Singapura, Tailândia, Vietnã.
Total de falantes em milhões:  66,0

17. Marati -  Índia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  64,8

18. Tâmil -  Índia, Malásia, Ilhas Maurício, Singapura, África do Sul, Sri Lanka.
Total de falantes em milhões:  63,1

19. Turco -  Bulgária, Chipre, Grécia, Macedônia, Romênia, Turquia, Usbequistão.
Total de falantes em milhões:  59,0

20. Urdu -  Afeganistão, Índia, Ilhas Maurício, Paquistão, África do Sul, Tailândia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  58,0

21. Min nan (chinês) -  Brunei, China, Indonésia, Malásia, Filipinas, Singapura, Taiwan, Tailândia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  49,0

22. Jinyu (chinês) -  China.
Total de falantes em milhões:  45,0

23. Gujarati -  Índia, Quênia, Paquistão, Singapura, África do Sul, Tanzânia, Uganda, Zâmbia, Zimbábue.
Total de falantes em milhões:  44,0

24. Polonês -  República Checa, Alemanha, Israel, Polônia, Romênia, Eslováquia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  44,0

25. Egípcio -  Egito.
Total de falantes em milhões: 42,5

26. Ucraniano -  Polônia, Eslováquia, Ucrânia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  41,0

27. Italiano -  Croácia, Eritréia, França, Itália, San Marino, Eslovênia, Suíça.
Total de falantes em milhões:  37,0

28. Xiang (chinês) -  China.
Total de falantes em milhões:  36,0

29. Malaio -  Índia, Singapura.
Total de falantes em milhões: 34,0

30. Hakka (chinês) -  Brunei, China, Indonésia, Malásia, Panamá, Singapura, Suriname, Taiwan, Tailândia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  34,0

31. Kannada -  Índia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  33,7

32. Oriya -  Índia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  31,0

33. Panjabi (ocidental) -  Índia, Paquistão.
Total de falantes em milhões:  30,0

34. Sunda -  Indonésia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  27,0

35. Panjabi (oriental) -  Índia, Quênia, Singapura.
Total de falantes em milhões:  26,0

36. Romeno -  Hungria, Israel, Moldávia, Romênia, Sérvia e Montenegro, Ucrânia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  26,0

37. Bhojpuri -  Índia, Ilhas Maurício, Nepal.
Total de falantes em milhões:  25,0

38. Azerbaijano -  Afeganistão, Irã, Iraque, Síria, Turquia.


Total de falantes em milhões:  24,4

39. Farsi (ocidental)  -  Irã, Iraque, Omã, Catar, Tajiquistão, Emirados Árabes Unidos.
Total de falantes em milhões:  24,3

40. Maitili -  Índia, Nepal.
Total de falantes em milhões:  24,3

41. Hauçá -  Benin, Burkina Fasso, Camarões, Gana, Nigéria, Níger, Sudão, Togo.
Total de falantes em milhões:  24,2

42. Algeriano -  Argélia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  22,4

43. Birmanês  -  Bangladesh, Mianmá.
Total de falantes em milhões:  22,0

44. Servo-croata - Bósnia-Herzegovina, Croácia, Macedônia, Sérvia e Montenegro, Eslovênia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  21,0

45. Gan (chinês) - China.
Total de falantes em milhões:  20,6

46. Awadhi  -  Índia, Nepal.
Total de falantes em milhões:  20,5

47. Tailandês -  Singapura, Tailândia.
Total de falantes em milhões:  20,0

48. Holandês -  Bélgica, França, Países Baixos, Suriname.
Total de falantes em milhões:  20,0

49. Iorubá -  Benin, Nigéria.
Total de falantes em milhões:  20,0

50. Sindi  - Afeganistão, Índia, Paquistão, Singapura.
Total de falantes em milhões:  19,7


Observações importantes
• Muitas das línguas da tabela são, tecnicamente, dialetos. Mas elas foram listadas de modo separado porque são suficientemente diferentes umas das outras para serem mutuamente incompreensíveis.
• Entre os países listados nos idiomas espanhol, inglês, português, francês e servo-croata não estão incluídos aqueles nos quais menos de 1% da população fala tal idioma como primeira língua.
• A população de falantes por idioma é apenas estimada. O idioma servo-croata é também denominado sérvio, croata ou bósnio, dependendo do grupo étnico ou político dos falantes.

Informações obtidas no Klickeducação
          PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN TINDAK PIDANA PENCUCIAN UANG DI INDONESIA        
Oleh : Dr. Yunus Husein, S.H., LL. M
A. Pendahuluan
Setelah melewati review yang dilakukan oleh negara-negara yang tergabung dalam Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF).1 Indonesia pada bulan Juni 2001 untuk pertama kalinya dimasukkan ke dalam NCCTs (Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories).2 Predikat sebagai NCCTs diberikan kepada suatu negara atau teritori yang dianggap tidak mau bekerja sama dalam upaya global memerangi kejahatan money laundering. “Vonis” FATF kepada Indonesia itu didasarkan atas beberapa pertimbangan yaitu belum adanya peraturan perundang-undangan yang menyatakan pencucian uang sebagai tindak pidana, loopholes dalam pengaturan lembaga keuangan terutama lembaga keuangan non-bank3, terbatasnya sumber daya yang dimiliki, serta minimnya kerjasama internasional dalam upaya memerangi kejahatan pencucian uang.4
Dari beberapa kelemahan yang dimiliki Indonesia pada waktu itu, persoalan ketiadaan peraturan perundangan-undangan yang mengkriminalisasi pencucian uang merupakan kelemahan yang paling mendasar, karena dengan demikian perbuatan menyembunyikan atau menyamarkan atau mengaburkan hasil kejahatan masih dianggap sebagai perbuatan yang sah menurut sistem hukum Indonesia5. Sementara itu, beberapa kelemahan lainnya seperti disebutkan di atas lebih merupakan suatu built-in sub systems dalam rezim anti pencucian uang yang akan terbangun dengan adanya peraturan perundang-undangan itu.
Namun demikian, wacana penyusunan peraturan perundang-undangan yang mengatur masalah pencucian uang sesungguhnya telah lama ada sejak disusunnya Rancangan KUHP6. Rancangan KUHP yang pembahasannya terkatung-katung sejak lebih sepuluh tahun lalu, dalam Pasal 610 dan 611 telah mengakomodir masalah pencucian uang ini dengan memuat unsur-unsur tindak pidana pencucian uang7. Sayangnya hingga dimasukkannya
1Review dilakukan melalui face-to-face meeting yang diadakan dalam rangkaian kegiatan pertemuan APG Annual Meeting di Brisbane, Australia. Face-to-face meeting membahas policy Pemerintah termasuk perangkat peraturan perundang-undangan yang telah dimiliki Indonesia dalam upaya memerangi kejahatan pencucian uang.
2Selain Indonesia, negara yang dimasukkan ke dalam NCCTs adalah Filipina, Nauru, Nigeria, Myanmar, dsb
3Pada waktu itu ketentuan mengenai Know Your Customer atau Prinsip Mengenal Nasabah yang mewajibkan lembaga keuangan untuk melakukan identifikasi nasabah, memantau profil transaksi dan mendeteksi asal-usul dana baru dikeluarkan oleh Bank Indonesia kepada industri perbankan melalui Peraturan Bank Indonesia No. 3/10/PBI/2001 tanggal 18 Juni 2001.
4Surat Presiden FATF yang ditujukan kepada Menteri Kehakiman dan HAM tanggal Juli 2001.
5Sebenarnya Indonesia telah meratifikasi United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic drugs and Psychotropic Substances 1988 pada tahun 1997. Konvensi yang dikenal sebagai Konvensi Wina tahun 1988 itu secara tegas menyatakan bahwa hasil kejahatan perdagangan gelap narkotika sebagai money laundering dan memerintahkan setiap negara untuk meratifikasi konvensi itu sekaligus menetapkan langkah-langkah pencegahan dan pemberantasannya.
6RUU Tentang KUHP pertama kali diajukan oleh Pemerintah pada tahun 1991.
7Pasal 610 dan 611 Rancangan KUHP berbunyi sebagai berikut : Pasal 610 RUU KUHP berbunyi: Barangsiapa menyimpan uang di bank atau di tempat lain, mentransfer, menitipkan, memindahkan, menginvestasikan, membayar uang atau kertas bernilai uang, yang diketahuinya atau sepatutnya harus diduganya, diperoleh dari perdagangan narkotika yang tidak sah atau tindak pidana ekonomi atau tindak pidana korupsi, diancam dengan pidana penjara paling lama lima belas tahun dan denda paling banyak kategori V.
Selanjutnya Pasal 611 RUU KUHP berbunyi: Barangsiapa menerima untuk disimpan atau sebagai titipan, menerima transfer, menerima hibah modal investasi, menerima sebagai pembayaran uang atau kertas bernilai uang yang diketahuinya atau sepatutnya harus diduganya, diperoleh dari perdagangan narkotika yang tidak sah atau tindak pidana ekonomi atau tindak pidana korupsi, diancam dengan pidana penjara paling lama sepuluh tahun dan denda paling banyak kategori V.
1

Indonesia ke dalam “black list” oleh FATF pada tahun 2001, Rancangan KUHP tersebut tidak pernah memperoleh kejelasan penyelesaiannya.
Sementara itu hasil review FATF justru memberi “darah baru” bagi Pemerintah untuk segera menyampaikan rancangan undang-undang (RUU) yang mengatur tindak pidana pencucian uang ke DPR. Guna mempercepat proses pembahasan di Senayan, Pemerintah dan DPR kemudian menyepakati agar pembahasan RUU menggunakan “fast track” approach8. Akhirnya pada tanggal 17 April 2002, RUU disahkan menjadi Undang-Undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 Tentang Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang.
Meskipun telah memperhatikan rekomendasi FATF, sayangnya Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 dinilai memiliki beberapa kelemahan mendasar. Sebagian pihak di dalam negeri menyoroti tidak dimasukkannya perjudian9 di dalam pasal 2 dan besaran (threshold) Rp 500 juta dalam laporan transaksi tunai (pasal 13)10. Sementara FATF antara lain mengomentari batasan (threshold) Rp 500 juta pada definisi hasil kejahatan (proceeds of crime) yang bisa menyebabkan Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 tidak efektif (pasal 2). FATF menganggap bahwa Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 belum sepenuhnya memenuhi standar internasional. Concern negara-negara FATF terhadap kekurangan (deficiencies) Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002, kemudian lebih dirasakan sebagai desakan untuk mengamandemen undang-undang itu berkaitan dengan hampir tiga tahun Indonesia bercokol di dalam list NCCTs dan kemungkinan diterapkannya counter measures oleh FATF kepada Indonesia11.
RUU Tentang Perubahan Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 telah disahkan pada tanggal 13 Oktober 2003 lalu menjadi Undang-undang No. 25 Tahun 200312. Dalam penyusunannya, tim perumus memperhatikan rekomendasi FATF yang dikenal dengan 40 Recommendations dan 8 Special Recommendations, hasil review FATF, serta best practices yang berlaku di negara-negara lain. Tim perumus juga memperhatikan kebutuhan domestik (domestic needs) berdasarkan masukan yang diperoleh dari berbagai kalangan melalui diskusi dan seminar yang telah diadakan.
B. Standar Internasional Di Bidang Anti Pencucian Uang
Upaya masyarakat internasional untuk memerangi money laundering sesungguhnya telah berlangsung sejak lama. Amerika Serikat misalnya, merupakan salah satu negara pertama yang mengambil inisiatif memerangi money laundering sejak tahun 1930. Amerika Serikat pada saat itu berhadapan dengan Al Capone yang menguasai bisnis hitam perdagangan obat bius, perdagangan gelap minuman keras, prostitusi dan perjudian. Ia merupakan penjahat terbesar yang tidak saja dikenal di Amerika Serikat, tetapi juga di dunia karena memiliki jaringan di banyak negara. Pada saat itu masyarakat internasional belum memiliki perangkat hukum internasional yang dapat dijadikan dasar untuk memerangi kejahatan money laundering secara sporadis.
8DPR dan Pemerintah bersepakat agar pembahasan RUU dilakukan secara marathon. Pembahasan dilakukan tidak lebih dari 2 bulan (Pembahasan bersama di Bogor, Jakarta dan gedung DPR)
9Masalah perjudian mendapat reaksi keras dari berbagai kalangan seperti terlihat dari media massa. Masyarakat menilai bahwa tidak dicantumkannya perjudian dalam undang-undang merupakan “deal” pihak-pihak tertentu. Perlu dicatat bahwa di dalam RUU yang diajukan oleh Pemerintah, perjudian dimasukkan sebagai salah satu predicate crime di dalam pasal 2.
10Sebenarnya terdapat dua batasan Rp 500 juta dalam UU No. 15 Tahun 2002 yaitu di Pasal 2 dan Pasal 13. Batasan Rp 500 juta di Pasal 2 banyak mendapat tanggapan dari dalam dan luar negeri karena merupakan kesalahan fatal yang dapat berakibat UU No. 15 Tahun 2002 tidak efektif. Pasal 13 tidak mendapat komentar FATF. Dalam UU hasil amandemen, batasan di dalam Pasal 13 dapat disesuaikan dengan melihat perkembangan dengan Keputusan Kepala PPATK.
11Menjelang pertemuan FATF di Stockholm, Swedia sangat terasa nuansa pemberian counter measures oleh FATF kepada Indonesia mengingat berbagai kelemahan dalam undang-undang dan belum dilakukannya amandemen Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002. FATF pernah memberikan saksi berupa additional counter measures kepada beberapa negara yaitu Ukraina dan Nauru.
12RUU telah disetujui oleh DPR pada tanggal 16 September 2003. Presiden mensahkan RUU yang disetujui DPR pada tanggal 13 Oktober 2003, melewati tanggal 1-3 Oktober 2003, tanggal diadakannya plenary meeting FATF di Stockholm, Swedia.
2

Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa (PBB) merupakan organisasi internasional pertama yang mengambil gagasan untuk menyusun perangkat hukum internasional memerangi money laundering. Lahirnya rezim hukum internasional untuk memerangi kejahatan pencucian uang dengan dikeluarkannya United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic drugs and Psychotropic Substances 1988 (Vienna Convention 1988), dimulai pada saat masyarakat internasional merasa frustrasi dalam memberantas kejahatan perdagangan gelap obat bius. Hal ini dapat dimengerti mengingat obyek yang diperangi adalah organized crime yang memiliki struktur organisasi yang solid dengan pembagian wewenang yang jelas, sumber pendanaan yang sangat kuat dan memiliki jaringan kerja yang melintasi batas negara. Rezim hukum internasional anti pencucian uang dapat dikatakan sebagai langkah maju dengan strategi yang tidak lagi difokuskan pada kejahatan obat biusnya dan menangkap pelakunya, tetapi diarahkan pada upaya memberangus hasil kejahatannya.
Dengan demikian, lahirnya United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic drugs and Psychotropic Substances 1988 (Vienna Convention 1988), dipandang sebagai tonggak sejarah dan titik puncak dari perhatian masyarakat internasional untuk menetapkan rezim hukum internasional anti pencucian uang. Pada pokoknya, rezim ini dibentuk untuk memerangi drug trafficking yang sudah mencapai titik nadir dan mendorong agar semua negara yang telah meratifikasi segera melakukan kriminalisasi atas kegiatan pencucian uang. Disamping itu Vienna Convention 1988 juga berupaya untuk mengatur infrastruktur yang mencakup persoalan hubungan internasional, penetapan norma-norma, peraturan dan prosedur yang disepakati dalam rangka menyusun regulasi anti pencucian uang.
Sebelum Vienna Convention 1988, berbagai instrumen telah dikeluarkan sejak tahun 1912. Upaya internasional diawali dengan dengan disahkannya International Opium Convention of 1912. Pada saat itu perhatian masyarakat ditujukan kepada upaya memerangi peredaran dan penggunaan opium di Amerika Serikat dan negara-negara Eropa Barat. Langkah internasional ini kemudian dilanjutkan dengan dikeluarkannya berbagai instrumen internasional yaitu Suppression of the Manufacture of, Internal Trade in and use of, prepared Opium, Geneva 11 February 1925 dan International Opium Convention 19 February 1925, yang keduanya diselenggarakan oleh Liga Bangsa Bangsa. Oleh karena dirasakan belum optimal untuk memberantas opium maka dilanjutkan dengan berbagai konvensi yaitu Convention of 1931 Suppression of Smoking, dan Convention for the Suppress of the I licit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs of 1946.
Suatu konvensi yang dikenal dengan Single Convention Narcotics Drugs 1961 dikeluarkan pada tahun 1961. Konvensi ini dianggap paling bersifat universal dalam pengawasan obat bius yang meliputi perjanjian multilateral dengan sejumlah besar negara-negara anggota PBB. Konvensi 1961 mengamanatkan pula pembentukan The International Narcotic Control Board yang bertugas membatasi kegiatan produksi, distribusi, manufaktur dan penggunaan obat bius kecuali untuk keperluan di bidang pelayanan kesehatan dan pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan. Selanjutnya upaya masyarakat internasional juga dilakukan dengan mengeluarkan Convention on Psychotropics and Substances of 1971 yang menitikberatkan pada sistem kontrol yang lebih ketat terhadap perdagangan obat-obat kimia dan farmasi.
United Nations Conventions Against I licit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances tahun 1988 merupakan titik puncak untuk pemberantasan pencucian uang dari kejahatan peredaran gelap narkotika dan psikotropika. Konvensi ini mewajibkan setiap negara yang telah meratifikasi untuk melakukan kriminalisasi pencucian uang melalui peraturan perundang-undangan. Beberapa ketentuan penting dalam konvensi tersebut yaitu Pasal 3 (1) (a) yang mengharuskan setiap negara anggota melakukan kriminalisasi pencucian uang yang berkaitan dengan peredaran gelap obat-obat bius, selain itu mengatur ketentuan-ketentuan mengenai daftar pelanggaran yang berkaitan dengan industri, distribusi atau penjualan gelap dari obat bius dan organisasi serta pengelolaannya, atau keuangan dari aktivitas perdagangan gelap obat bius.
Hal terpenting dalam konvensi tersebut adalah substansi yang mengokohkan terbentuknya International Anti Money Laundering Legal Regime, yang merupakan salah satu upaya internasional untuk menetapkan rezim hukum internasional baru dalam badan internasional. Rezim ini pada dasarnya bertujuan memberantas pencucian uang dengan strategi untuk memerangi hasil kejahatan (proceeds of crime). Disamping itu rezim hukum
3

internasional anti pencucian uang ini menentukan pula arah kebijakan untuk melakukan kriminalisasi pencucian uang dengan standar-standar tertentu yang tetap memberi tempat untuk kedaulatan hukum masing-masing negara (state souvereignity).
Namun demikian perlu diingat bahwa Vienna Convention 1988 memiliki coverage yang terbatas pada proceeds of crime yang berasal dari kejahatan peredaran gelap narkotika. Sementara itu, money laundering merupakan proses yang melibatkan proceeds of crime dari berbagai predicate offences yang lebih kompleks seperti korupsi, penyelundupan, perdagangan manusia, penipuan, penculikan, penyuapan, penggelapan, tindak pidana di bidang perpajakan, tindak pidana perbankan dan lain-lain tindak pidana yang digolongkan sebagai tindak pidana berat (serious offences). Atas dasar itulah nampaknya Vienna Convention 1988 belum cukup menjadi dasar hukum yang komprehensif untuk mengatasi kejahatan money laundering yang berdimensi luas.
International initiatives untuk memerangi kejahatan money laundering bergulir dari waktu ke waktu melalui berbagai fora internasional. Basle Committee atau Committee on Banking Regulations and Supervisory Practices yang berkedudukan di Basle, Swiss, mengeluarkan Statement on Prevention of Criminal Use of the Banking System for the Purpose of Money Laundering pada tahun 1988. Secara umum statement menegaskan peran perbankan dan para pimpinan bank dalam mencegah dimanfaatkannya bank oleh para pelaku kejahatan. Statement juga menggarisbawahi kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap perbankan sangat berpengaruh terhadap stabilitas perbankan, dan kepercayaan tersebut dapat terkikis apabila masyarakat mengetahui bahwa suatu bank terlibat dalam kegiatan kejahatan.
Berkaitan dengan rekomendasi yang dikeluarkan oleh Basle Committee ini, Bank Indonesia selaku otoritas perbankan telah mengeluarkan beberapa peraturan untuk mencegah perbankan digunakan sebagai sasaran dan sarana kejahatan antara lain melalui penerbitan Surat Keputusan Direksi Bank Indonesia No.32/50/KEP/DIR tentang Persyaratan dan Tata Cara Pembelian Saham Bank Umum, yang menetapkan bahwa sumber dana yang digunakan untuk pembelian saham bank dalam rangka kepemilikan dilarang berasal dari dan untuk tujuan money laundering. Selanjutnya dalam rangka identifikasi nasabah dan pelaporan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan, telah dikeluarkan Peraturan Bank Indonesia No. 3/10/PBI/2001 jo Peraturan Bank Indonesia No. 3/23/PBI/2001 tentang Prinsip Mengenal Nasabah atau Know Your Customer13. Dalam kaitan ini pelaksanaan Prinsip Mengenal Nasabah ini perlu diketengahkan pula bahwa otoritas lembaga keuangan lainnya yaitu Bapepam dan Direktorat Jenderal Lembaga Keuangan Departemen Keuangan telah mengeluarkan ketentuan serupa untuk industri yang berada di bawah kewenangan pengawasannya pada tahun bulan Januari tahun 2003 ini.
Upaya internasional lainnya yang cukup monumental adalah pada tahun 1989 yaitu pada saat negara-negara yang tergabung dalam G-7 countries14 menyepakati dibentuknya the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF), sebagai suatu gugus tugas dengan tugas menyusun rekomendasi internasional untuk memerangi money laundering15. FATF merupakan intergovernmental body sekaligus suatu policy-making body yang berisikan para pakar di bidang hukum, keuangan dan penegakan hukum yang membantu yurisdiksi negara dalam penyusunan peraturan perundang-undangan. Pada saat ini keanggotaan
13Bank Indonesia juga mengeluarkan banyak peraturan lain yaitu Surat Keputusan Direksi Bank Indonesia No.30/271A/KEP/DIR tentang Perubahan Surat Keputusan Direksi Bank Indonesia No.30/191A/KEP/DIR tentang Pengeluaran atau Pemasukan Mata Uang Rupiah Dari Atau Ke Dalam Wilayah Republik Indonesia PBI No.2/27/PBI/2000 tentang Bank Umum PBI No.1/6/PBI/1999 tentang Penugasan Direktur Kepatuhan (Compliance Director) dan Penerapan Standar Pelaksanaan Fungsi Audit Intern Bank Umum PBI No.1/9/PBI/1999 tentang Pemantauan Kegiatan Lalu Lintas Devisa Bank dan Lembaga Keuangan Non Bank beserta peraturan pelaksanaannya SE No.1/9/DSM tentang Pelaporan Kegiatan Lalu Lintas Devisa oleh Bank Surat Edaran Bank Indonesia No.2/10/DASP tentang Tata Usaha Penarikan Cek/Bilyet Giro Kosong PBI No.3/3/PBI/2001 tentang Pembatasan Transaksi Rupiah dan Pemberian Kredit Valas oleh Bank Peraturan Bank Indonesia No. 2/23/PBI/2000 tentang Penilaian Kemampuan dan Kepatutan (Fit and Proper Test)
14G-7 Countries terdiri dari negara-negara Amerika Serikat, Jerman, Italia, Jepang, Perancis, Inggris, dan Kanada.
15Pada tahun 2001, pasca tragedy WTC, FATF memperluas misinya dalam mencegah dan memberantas pendanaan terorisme.
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FATF berjumlah 31 negara dan teritori, ditambah 2 organisasi regional.16 FATF melakukan
kerjasama dengan beberapa badan dan organisasi internasional antara lain ADB (Asian
Development Bank), IMF (International Monetary Fund), Interpol, IOSCO (International
Organization of Securities Commissions), serta APG (Asia Pacific Group on Money
Laundering), dan Councilof Europe MONEYVAL. Adapun tiga fungsi utama dari FATF
adalah :
1. Memonitor kemajuan yang dicapai para anggota FATF dalam melaksanakan langkah-langkah pemberantasan money laundering;
2. Melakukan kajian mengenai money laundering trends, techniques dan countermeasures; dan
3. mempromosikan pengadopsian dan pelaksanaan standar anti pencucian uang kepada masyarakat internasional.
FATF pada tahun 1990 untuk pertama kalinya mengeluarkan 40 recommendations sebagai suatu kerangka yang komprehensif untuk memerangi kejahatan money laundering. Sebagai reaksi dari tragedi WTC atau yang dikenal dengan peristiwa 11 September 2001, pada bulan Desember 2001 FATF mengeluarkan 8 Special Recommendations untuk memerangi pendanaan terorisme atau yang dikenal dengan counter terrorist financing. 40 + 8 recommendations menetapkan prinsip-prinsip untuk penyusunan kebijakan impelementasi oleh setiap negara. Namun demikian, FATF memberikan keleluasaan kepada setiap negara dalam mengimplementasikan 40 + 8 recommendations dengan melihat kondisi dan sistem hukum yang berlaku di setiap negara. Meskipun 40 recommendations bukan merupakan produk hukum yang mengikat, namun rekomendasi ini dikenal dan diakui secara luas oleh masyarakat dan organisasi internasional yang terkait sebagai suatu standar internasional untuk memerangi kejahatan money laundering dan pendanaan terorisme. FATF menegaskan bahwa, 40 + 8 recommendations bukan merupakan himbauan yang sifatnya optional bagi setiap negara, namun merupakan mandat atau kewajiban bagi setiap negara apabila ingin dipandang sebagai negara yang memenuhi standar internasional oleh masyarakat dunia.
Rekomendasi FATF secara garis besar mencakup kerangka umum rekomendasi; peran sistem hukum nasional, sistem hukum pidana dan penegakan hukum; peran sistem keuangan dalam memberantas tindak pidana pencucian uang; serta kerjasama internasional. Adapun materi yang termuat dalam rekomendasi FATF meliputi :
1. Ruang lingkup tindak pidana pencucian uang;
2. Langkah-langkah pendahuluan dan penyitaan;
3. Peraturan identifikasi dan penyimpanan catatan nasabah;
4. Prinsip kehati-hatian oleh lembaga keuangan;
5. Langkah-langkah untuk mengatasi masalah yang dihadapi negara yang tidak memiliki langkah anti pencucian uang atau langkah-langkah anti pencucian uang yang tidak memadai;
6. Langkah-langkah lain untuk menghindari pencucian uang;
7. Implementasi dan Peran otoritas dan instansi administratif lainnya;
8. Kerjasama administratif, tukar menukar informasi umum dan tukar menukar informasi transaksi keuangan mencurigakan;
9. Kerjasama penyitaan, mutual legal assistance dan ekstradisi;
10. Bentuk-bentuk kerjasama lainnya.
Sementara itu 8 Special Recommendations mencakup materi pengaturan sebagai berikut :
16Anggota FATF yaitu Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgia, Brazil, Kanada, Denmark, Finlandia, Perancis, Jerman, Yunani, Hong Kong-China, Islandia, Irlandia, Italia, Jepang, Luksemburg, Meksiko, Belanda, Selandia Baru, Norwegia, Portugal, Singapura, Spanyol, Sewdia, Swiss, Turki, Inggris, Amerika, European Commission dan Gulf Cooperation Council
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1. Ratifikasi dan implementasi United Nations instruments;
2. Kriminalisasi pendanaan terorisme, aksi terorisme dan organisasi terorisme; serta menjadikan terorisme sebagai predicate offenses dari money laundering;
3. Pembekuan/pemblokiran dan penyitaan assets teroris;
4. Pelaporan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan yang berkaitan dengan terorisme;
5. Kerjasama internasional;
6. Alternative remittance systems;
7. Wire transfer; dan
8. Organisasi Non-profit
C. Upaya Indonesia Memenuhi Standar Internasional
Sejak dimasukkannya Indonesia ke dalam NCCTs’ list oleh FATF pada tahun 2001, kesadaran akan pentingnya memiliki rezim anti pencucian uang yang efektif sebagai suatu kebutuhan nasional mulai tumbuh sedikit demi sedikit. Namun demikian patut disayangkan bahwa kesadaran tersebut belum sepenuhnya ada pada setiap instansi yang terkait. Hal ini sedikit banyak disebabkan karena issue money laundering masih tergolong baru bagi banyak kalangan di Indonesia.
Sebagai tindak lanjut atas hasil review yang pertama tahun 2001, dapat dikatakan tidak terdapat langkah-langkah yang terkoordinasi dengan baik diantara instansi Pemerintah untuk merespons hasil review tersebut. Hal ini disebabkan karena hingga saat itu belum terdapat lembaga khusus yang menangani masalah pencucian uang (focal point), sementara instansi pemerintah terkait larut dalam kesibukan masing-masing pekerjaan.
Setelah menghadapi review pertama, Pemerintah pada waktu itu memang telah menyusun implementation plan yang memuat rincian kegiatan instansi terkait , namun ketiadaan lembaga khusus yang memfokuskan diri pada upaya pencegahan dan pemberantasan tindak pidana pencucian uang menjadikan implementation plan tidak lebih dari sekedar formalitas belaka. Sementara, pelaksanaan implementation plan sangat memerlukan perhatian khusus dari para pimpinan instansi terkait karena menyangkut pengambilan kebijakan yang berkaitan dengan kewenangan masing-masing instansi.
Upaya untuk memenuhi 40 recommendations mulai dilakukan pada saat penyusunan Rancangan Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002. Padatnya jadual DPR dan Pemerintah termasuk menumpuknya rancangan undang-undang yang harus dibahas menyebabkan penyusunan RUU Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang dilakukan secara cepat, sehingga Pemerintah dan DPR bersepakat menempuh “fast track” aproach dalam pembahasannya. Untuk mendapatkan pemahaman mengenai rezim anti pencucian uang secara komprehensif dan gambaran best practices di negara lain, Pemerintah mendapat bantuan teknis tenaga asing (technical assistance) dari Pemerintah Australia, Jepang dan Amerika Serikat17. Bantuan teknis tersebut pada waktu itu dirasakan angat membantu terutama disebabkan terbatasnya waktu persiapan pembahasan RUU yang menyebabkan terbatasnya pula kesempatan untuk melakukan studi literatur maupun studi banding dengan rezim anti pencucian uang di negara lain.
Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 Tentang Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang akhirnya disahkan pada tanggal 17 April 2002. Masyarakat dalam dan luar negeri menyambut baik dikeluarkannya undang-undang tersebut karena memiliki makna penting yang menandai kriminalisasi pencucian uang di Indonesia. Bagi industri keuangan yang berbentuk bank yang sebelumnya telah menerapkan Prinsip Mengenal Nasabah atau KYC dengan Peraturan Bank Indonesia (PBI) keluarnya undang-undang tersebut tidak terlalu mengejutkan karena bank-
17 Bantuan teknis dilakukan melalui TAMF (Australia), JICA (Jepang) dan USAID/Elips Project (Amerika Serikat). Saat ini bantuan teknis dari negara asing diterima pula dari berbagai negara lain yaitu Perancis, Uni Eropah dan Asia Development Bank (ADB). Indonesia telah memiliki forum donor khusus money laundering yang secara rutin mengadakan pertemuan.
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bank telah melakukan beberapa aspek dari kebijakan pencegahan dan pemberantasan tindak pidana pencucian uang. Namun Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 mendapat komentar dari berbagai pihak karena dinilai mengandung beberapa kelemahan.
Beberapa kelemahan yang terdapat dalam Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 antara lain sebagai berikut :
1. Batasan (threshold) Rp 500 juta pada definisi hasil kejahatan (Pasal 2). Penetapan jumlah batasan ini merupakan kesalahan fatal karena mengakibatkan hasil kejahatan di bawah Rp 500 juta tidak dapat dituntut dengan Undang-undang ini. Di banyak negara, batasan proceeds of crime tidak dikaitkan dengan batasan jumlah (threshold).
2. Terbatasnya jumlah predicate offenses dan tidak dimasukkannya perjudian ke dalam daftar predicate offenses. Dalam kaitan ini 40 recommendations menyatakan bahwa setiap negara dapat mempertimbangkan serious offense untuk dimasukkan ke dalam kategori predicate offense. Pasal 2 Undang-undang hanya memuat 15 jenis tindak pidana;
3. Penyampaian laporan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan oleh penyedia jasa keuangan kepada PPATK selama 14 hari sejak transaksi diketahui dinilai terlalu lama sehingga memungkinkan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan dipindahkan/ditransfer atau ditarik.
4. Belum terdapat larangan bagi penyedia jasa keuangan untuk memberitahukan bahwa laporan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan sedang disusun atau telah dilaporkan ke PPATK (anti tipping-off provision);
5. Definisi transaksi keuangan mencurigakan belum memuat elemen “termasuk transaksi yang menggunakan harta kekayaan hasil kejahatan”.
6. Kerjasama internasional belum diatur secara rinci, padahal rekomendasi FATF memuat tidak kurang dari delapan rekomendasi baik dalam kerangka penyitaan, mutual assistance dan ekstradisi.
Materi-materi yang menjadi kelemahan Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 2002 di atas telah dimasukkan ke dalam Undang –undang No. 25 Tahun 2003 yaitu antara lain batasan (threshold) Rp 500 juta pada definisi hasil kejahatan dihapuskan; penambahan elemen “transaksi keuangan yang menggunakan hasil kejahatan” pada definisi transaksi keuangan mencurigakan; predicate offenses ditambah dengan menambahkan jenis pidana berat lainnya sehingga jumlahnya menjadi 24 jenis tindak pidana ditambah dengan open ended clause yang menampung pidana berat lainnya yang ancaman pidananya 4 tahun atau lebih; penyampaian transaksi keuangan mencurigakan dari penyedia jasa keuangan menjadi 3 hari. Amandemen bahkan mengatur pula beberapa hal baru yaitu :
1. Pembentukan Komite Koordinasi Nasional Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang (Pasal 29B). Undang-undang menetapkan bahwa Kepala PPATK dapat mengusulkan kepada Presiden untuk pembentukan Komite Nasional dimaksud. Komite Nasional akan memfokuskan diri pada perumusan kebijakan pencegahan dan pemberantasan tindak pidana pencucian uang. Komite Nasional atau National Coordination Committe dikenal di beberapa negara seperti Filipina, Malaysia dan Australia.
2. PPATK dapat melaksanakan konvensi internasional dan rekomendasi internasional yang berkaitan dengan tindak pidana pencucian uang sesuai peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku (Pasal 44B). Ketentuan ini memberi kewenangan PPATK untuk melaksanakan setiap konvensi dan rekomendasi organisasi/lembaga internasional yang berkaitan dengan pencegahan dan pemberantasan tindak pidana pencucian uang.
Dengan selesainya proses amandemen dapat dikatakan bahwa proses penyusunan kerangka hukum yang sesuai dengan tuntutan kebutuhan domestik dan standar internasional telah selesai dilakukan. FATF dalam plennary meeting yang diadakan pada tanggal 1-3 Oktober 2003 di Stockholm, Swedia menyatakan gembira atas hasil amandemen yang dicapai oleh Indonesia yang telah sesuai dengan standar internasional yang ada. Pengaturan
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secara lebih rinci kerjasama internasional melalui bantuan hukum timbal balik dalam dua pasal yang mengatur teknis kerjasama mendapat respons positif negara-negara FATF. Mereka beranggapan bahwa hal tersebut menjadi bukti keinginan Indonesia untuk secara terbuka menjalin kerjasama dengan negara lain dalam memerangi tindak pidana pencucian uang.
FATF dalam laporan pelaksanaan plennary session menyatakan bahwa Indonesia mencatat kemajuan berarti dalam penanganan anti pencucian uang. Ancaman untuk dikenakan additional counter measures yang sebelumnya sempat terdengar, tidak jadi diberikan kepada Indonesia.
D. Pengertian Pencucian Uang dan Pemidanaan Pencucian Uang
Secara populer dapatlah dijelaskan, bahwa aktifitas pencucian uang secara umum merupakan suatu perbuatan memindahkan, menggunakan atau melakukan perbuatan lainnya atas hasil dari suatu tindak pidana yang kerap dilakukan oleh organization crime, maupun individu yang melakukan tindakan korupsi, perdagangan narkotika dan tindak pidana lainnya dengan tujuan menyembunyikan atau mengaburkan asal-usul uang yang berasal dari hasil tindak pidana tersebut, sehingga dapat digunakan seolah-olah sebagai uang yang sah tanpa terdeteksi bahwa aset tersebut berasal dari kegiatan yang ilegal. Adapun yang melatarbelakangi para pelaku pencucian uang melakukan aksinya adalah dengan maksud memindahkan atau menjauhkan para pelaku itu dari kejahatan yang menghasilkan proceeds of crime, memisahkan proceeds of crime dari kejahatan yang dilakukan, menikmati hasil kejahatan tanpa adanya kecurigaan kepada pelakunya, serta melakukan reinvestasi hasil kejahatan untuk aksi kejahatan selanjutnya atau ke dalam bisnis yang sah.18
Terdapat beberapa pengertian money laundering sebagai berikut :
Black’s Law Dictionary mengartikan money laundering sebagai19:
"Term used to describe investment or other transfer of money flowing from racketeering, drug transaction, and other illegal sources into legitimate channels so that is original source cannot be traced”.
Konvensi PBB Tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Perdagangan Illegal Narkotika, Obat-obatan Berbahaya dan Psikotropika Tahun 1988 (the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Trafic in Narcotics, Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988) mengartikan money laundering sebagai :
“The convention or transfer of property, knowing that such property is derived from any serious (indictable) offence or offences, or from act of participation in such offence or offences, for the purpose of concealing or disguising the illicit of the property or of assisting any person who is involved in the commission of such an offence or offences to evade the legal consequences of his action; or The concealment or disguise of the true nature, source, location, disposition, movement, rights with respect to, or ownership of property, knowing that such property is derived from a serious (indictable) offence or offences or from an act of participation in such an offence or offences.”
Konvensi tersebut merupakan konvensi yang pertama kali mendefinisikan money laundering. Dalam konteks pencucian uang, cakupan konvensi PBB tersebut belum memadai karena hanya mengatur pencucian uang yang berasal dari kejahatan perdagangan narkotika dan obat-obatan terlarang sedangkan tindak pidana yang dapat menjadi pemicu terjadinya pencucian uang sangat banyak antara lain mencakup korupsi, penyuapan, penyelundupan, kejahatan di bidang perbankan, narkotika, dan psikotropika.
Selanjutnya dalam Pasal 1 angka 1 Undang-undang No.15 tahun 2002 tentang Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang sebagaimana telah diubah dengan Undang-undang No.25 Tahun 2003 (UU TPPU), pencucian uang didefinisikan sebagai suatu perbuatan menempatkan, mentransfer, membayarkan, membelanjakan, menghibahkan, menyumbangkan, menitipkan, membawa ke luar negeri, menukarkan, atau perbuatan lainnya atas Harta Kekayaan yang diketahuinya atau patut diduga merupakan Hasil Tindak Pidana dengan maksud untuk
18 Rick McDonnell, Regional Implementation, Regional Conference on Combating Money Laundering and
Terrorist Financing, Denpasar, 17 Desember 2002.
19 Henry Campbell Black, Black’s Law Dictionary (Sixth Edition), St. Paul Minn. West Publishing Co., 1990,
hal. 884.
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menyembunyikan, atau menyamarkan asal usul Harta Kekayaan sehingga seolah-olah menjadi Harta Kekayaan yang sah.
Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa aktivitas pencucian uang secara umum merupakan suatu cara menyembunyikan atau mengaburkan atau menyamarkan asal-usul sebenarnya hasil dari suatu tindak pidana yang kerap dilakukan oleh organized crime, maupun individu yang melakukan tindak korupsi, perdagangan narkotika dan kejahatan lainnya. Melalui tindakan yang melanggar hukum ini, pendapatan atau harta kekayaan yang didapat dari hasil kejahatan diubah menjadi dana yang seolah-olah berasal dari sumber yang sah atau legal. Modus tindak pidana seperti ini dari waktu ke waktu semakin kompleks dengan menggunakan teknologi dan rekayasa keuangan yang cukup complicated.
Dalam perkembangan selanjutnya, pengertian tindak pidana pencucian uang diperluas tidak hanya kepada para pelaku langsung, tetapi juga mencakup pihak-pihak yang membantu terjadinya kejahatan pencucian uang. Masuk dalam kategori ini misalnya seseorang yang membantu orang lain untuk menyembunyikan sebuah rumah yang diketahuinya atau patut diketahuinya dibeli dengan menggunakan uang hasil korupsi.20 Pasal 3 ayat (2) UU TPPU bahkan memasukkan unsur percobaan, pembantuan, atau permufakatan melakukan tindak pidana pencucian uang sebagai tindak pidana yang diancam pidana penjara dan pidana denda.
Selanjutnya UU TPPU menetapkan perbuatan-perbuatan yang tergolong tindak pidana pencucian uang adalah :
1. Perbuatan yang dengan sengaja menempatkan, mentransfer, membayarkan atau membelanjakan, menghibahkan atau menyumbangkan, menitipkan, membawa ke luar negeri, menukarkan atau perbuatan lainnya atas harta kekayaan yang diketahui atau patut diduganya merupakan hasil tindak pidana, dengan maksud menyembunyikan atau menyamarkan asal-usul harta kekayaan yang diketahuinya atau patut diduganya merupakan hasil tindak pidana (pasal 3 ayat 1)
2. Perbuatan percobaan, pembantuan atau permufakatan jahat untuk melakukan tindak pidana pencucian uang (Pasal 3 ayat 2).
3. Perbuatan menerima atau menguasai penempatan, pentransferan, pembayaran, hibah, sumbangan, penitipan, penukaran harta kekayaan yang diketahuinya atau patut diduganya merupakan hasil tindak pidana (Pasal 6 ayat 1).
Tindak pidana tersebut diancam dengan pidana penjara minimum 5 (lima) tahun dan maksimum 15 (lima belas) tahun serta denda minimum Rp.100.000.000,00 (seratus juta rupiah) dan maksimum Rp.15.000.000.000,00 (lima belas milyar rupiah).
Tindak pidana lainnya yang berkaitan dengan pencucian uang dengan pemberian sanksi pidana dalam UU TPPU adalah :
1. Penyedia Jasa Keuangan yang dengan sengaja tidak menyampaikan laporan yang diwajibkan dipidana dengan pidana denda paling sedikit Rp250 juta dan paling banyak Rp1.000 juta (Pasal 8).
2. Setiap orang yang tidak melaporkan pembawaan uang tunai dalam rupiah sejumlah Rp100.000.000,00 (seratus juta rupiah) atau lebih atau mata uang asing yang nilainya setara yang dibawa ke dalam atau ke luar wilayah negara Republik Indonesia (Pasal 9).
3. PPATK, penyidik, saksi, penuntut umum, hakim atau orang lain yang terkait dengan perkara tindak pidana pencucian uang yang sedang diperiksa, melanggar larangan menyebut identitas pelapor (Pasal 10).
4. Direksi, pejabat, atau pegawai penyedia jasa keuangan yang memberitahukan kepada pengguna jasa keuangan atau orang lain baik langsung atau tidak langsung mengenai laporan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan yang sedang disusun atau telah disampaikan kepada PPATK, dipidana penjara paling singkat 3 tahun dan
20 Sherman T, International Efforts to Combat Money Laundering: The Role of the Financial Task Force, yang dikutip oleh MacQueen L (ed.), Money Laundering, Edinburgh, 1993, hal. 12
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paling lama 5 tahun serta denda paling sedikit Rp100 juta dan paling banyak Rp1.000 juta (Pasal 17A)
5. Pejabat atau pegawai PPATK atau penyelidik/penyidik, penuntut umum, hakim dan siapapun juga yang membocorkan informasi yang diwajibkan oleh UU TPPU karena melaksanakan tugasnya, apabila sengaja dipidana penjaran 5 sampai dengan 15 tahun dan jika tidak sengaja dipidana penjara 1 sampai dengan 3 tahun (Pasal 10A).
E. Pola Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang
Aktifitas pencucian uang secara umum merupakan suatu cara meyembunyikan, memindahkan dan menggunakan hasil dari suatu tindak pidana yang kerap dilakukan oleh organization crime, maupun individu yang melakukan tindakan korupsi, perdagangan narkotika dan kegiatan-kegiatan lainnya. Kegiatan diatas, secara garis besar melibatkan aset (pendapatan/kekayaan) yang disamarkan atau disembunyikan asal-usulnya sehingga dapat digunakan tanpa terdeteksi bahwa aset tersebut berasal dari kegiatan yang illegal.
Melalui tindakan yang melanggar hukum ini, pendapatan atau kekayaan yang didapat dirubah menjadi dana yang seolah-olah berasal dari sumber yang sah/legal. Modus kejahatan seperti ini dari waktu ke waktu semakin kompleks dengan menggunakan tehnologi dan rekayasa keuangan yang cukup complicated. Secara sederhana, kegiatan ini pada dasarnya dapat dikelompokkan pada tiga kegiatan, yakni : placement, layering dan integration.21
Placement merupakan upaya menempatkan dana yang dihasilkan dari suatu aktifitas kejahatan misalnya dengan system keuangan. Dalam hal ini terdapat pergerakan phisik dari uang tunai, baik melalui penyeludupan uang tunai dari suatu negara ke negara lain, menggabungkan antara uang tunai yang berasal dari kejahatan dengan uang yang diperoleh dari hasil kegiatan yang sah, ataupun dengan memecah uang tunai dalam jumlah besar menjadi jumlah kecil ataupun didepositokan di bank atau dibelikan surat berharga seperti misalnya saham-saham atau juga mengkonversikan kedalam mata uang lainnya atau transfer uang kedalam valuta asing.
Layering, diartikan sebagai memisahkan hasil kejahatan dari sumbernya yaitu aktifitas kejahatan yang terkait melalui beberapa tahapan transaksi keuangan. Dalam hal ini terdapat proses pemindahan dana dari beberapa rekening atau lokasi tertentu sebagai hasil placement ketempat lainnya melalui serangkaian transaksi yang kompleks yang didesain untuk menyamarkan/mengelabui sumber dana “haram” tersebut. Layering dapat pula dilakukan melalui pembukaan sebanyak mungkin ke rekening-rekening perusahaan-perusahaan fiktif dengan memanfaatkan ketentuan rahasia bank, terutama di negara-negara yang tidak kooperatif dalam upaya memerangi kegiatan pencucian uang.
Integration, yaitu upaya untuk menetapkan suatu landasan sebagai suatu ’legitimate explanation' bagi hasil kejahatan. Disini uang yang di ‘cuci’ melalui placement maupun layering dialihkan kedalam kegiatan-kegiatan resmi sehingga tampak tidak berhubungan sama sekali dengan aktifitas kejahatan sebelumnya yang menjadi sumber dari uang yang di-laundry. Pada tahap ini uang yang telah dicuci dimasukkan kembali kedalam sirkulasi dengan bentuk yang sejalan dengan aturan hukum.
Tingginya tingkat perkembangan teknologi dan arus globalisasi di sektor keuangan khususnya perbankan, membuat industri ini menjadi lahan yang empuk bagi tindak kejahatan pencucian uang. Pelaku kejahatan dapat memanfaatkan industri keuangan untuk kegiatan pencucian uang karena jasa dan produk yang ditawarkannya. Perbankan memungkinkan terjadinya lalu lintas atau perpindahan dana dari satu bank ke bank atau lembaga keuangan lainnya sehingga asal usul uang tersebut sulit dilacak oleh penegak hukum. Bahkan melalui sistem perbankan pelaku dalam waktu yang sangat cepat dapat memindahkan dana hasil kejahatan melampaui batas yurisdiksi negara, sehingga pelacakannya akan bertambah sulit apalagi kalau dana tersebut masuk ke dalam sistem perbankan yang negaranya menerapkan ketentuan rahasia bank yang sangat ketat.
21Money Laundering : a Banker;s Guide To Avoiding Problems, (occ.treas.gov/launder/org.htm), hal.2, Lihat juga pengertian istilah tersebut pada Penjelasan Umum UU No. 15 Tahun 2002.
10

F. Fungsi Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) dalam Penanganan Kasus TPPU
1. Pengertian FIU
Dalam praktek internasional di bidang pencucian uang lembaga semacam dengan PPATK disebut dengan nama generik Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU). Keberadaan FIU ini pertama kali diatur secara implisit dalam Empat Puluh Rekomendasi (Forty Reccomendations)22 dari Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF).23 Dalam rekomendasi ke enambelas disebutkan, bahwa If Financial Institutions suspect that funds stem from a criminal activity, they should be permitted or required to report promptly their suspision to the competent authorities. Rekomendasi tersebut tidak menyebutkan “competent authorities” yang dimaksud. Kebanyakan negara membentuk atau menugaskan badan tertentu untuk menerima laporan tersebut yang secara umum sekarang dikenal dengan nama Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU).
FIU adalah lembaga permanen yang khusus menangani masalah pencucian uang. Lembaga ini merupakan salah satu infrastruktur terpenting dalam upaya pencegahan dan pemberantasan kejahatan pencucian uang di tiap negara. Keberadaan lembaga khusus ini mutlak ada dan memainkan peranan sangat strategis karena masalah pencucian uang merupakan persoalan yang cukup rumit, melibatkan organized crime yang memahami berbagai teknik dan modus kejahatan canggih. Penanganan issue pencucian uang menjadi bertambah berat terlebih karena karakteristik kejahatan ini pada umumnya dilakukan melewati batas-batas negara (crossborder).
Oleh karena itu, pembentukan lembaga khusus yang menangani masalah pencucian uang telah dilakukan cukup lama di beberapa negara. Australia misalnya memiliki AUSTRAC (Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre) yang didirikan pada tahun 1989. FINCEN (Financial Crime Intelligence Network) kita kenal sebagai financial intelligence unit di Amerika Serikat yang didirikan pada tahun 1990. Sementara itu kehadiran lembaga sejenis di wilayah Asia Tenggara relatif baru dikenal beberapa tahun belakangan ini. Kita mengenal beberapa lembaga semacam AMLO (Anti Money Laundering Office) di Thailand yang didirikan pada tahun 1999, Unit Perisikan Kewangan di Malaysia yang berdiri pada tahun 2001, Suspicious Transaction Reports Office (STRO) Singapura pada tahun 2000 serta The Office of Anti Money Laundering di Filipina sejak tahun 2001. Di Indonesia sendiri dalam rangka menjalankan misi di atas telah didirikan Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK) sejak 17 April 2002 berdasarkan UU No. 15 tahun 2002 tentang Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang.
Menurut Egmont Group24 pengertian Financial Intelligent Unit adalah: A central national agency responsible for receiving (and as permitted, requesting) analysing and disseminating to the competent authorities, disclosures of financial information: concerning suspected proceeds of crime, or required by national legislation or regulation in order to counter money laundering.
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention) mengadopsi definisi tersebut di atas sebagai berikut25 :
Each State Party…shall….consider the establishment of finalcial intelligence unit to serve as a national center for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information regarding potential money laundering.
22 Rekomendasi ini ini merupakan standard yang dikeluarkan oleh FATF dan diharapkan dipakaioleh masing-
masing negara dan diterapkan secara internasional dengankonsisten. Rekomendasi dikeluarkan pertama kali pada
tahun 1990, kemudian direvisi tahun 1996 dan sekarangsedang dalam proses direvisi kembali.
23 FATF didirikan tahun 1989 dengan sponsor utanma negara-negara industri besar (Group of Seven atau G 7
dan European Union. FATF beranggotakan 29 negara dan dua organisiasi internasional, yaitu the European
Commission dan the Gulf Cooperation Council.
24 Egmont group adalah kelompok kerja sama informal internasional dalam rangka mencegah dan
memberantas pencucian uang. Nama Egmont Group diambil dari nama “egmont Arenberg Palace” di Brussel yang
dipakai sebagai tempat pertemuan pada waktu grup ini didirikan tahun 1995.Sekarang Egmont beranggotakan
delapan puluh empat negara (Indonesia/PPATK belum menjadi anggota)

25

The Palermo Convention Article 7 (1) (b)

11

Tampaknya Indonesia berusaha untuk mengadopsi adanya FIU tersebut yang sudah merupakan praktek dalam dunia internasional, sehingga perlu membentuk PPATK sebagaimana diatur dalam 18 UU TPPU.26 Dalam hal ini PPATK sebagai institusi sentral di dalam sistem anti pencucian uang di Indonesia.
2. Model FIU
Dalam praktek internasional ada empat jenis FIU, yaitu27
a. Police model, model Kepolisian yang biasanya juga diletakkan di bawah
institusi Kepolisian, misalnya NCIS (United Kingdom), Slovakia (OFIS),
New Zealand, Swiss, Hongkong, STRO (Singapura), Di sini laporan
transaksi keuangan yang mencurigakan atau laporan transaksi tunai
ditujukan langsung kepada lembaga ini yang pada umumnya mempunyai
kewenangan penyidikan.
b. Judicial Model, misalnya Islandia dan Portugal. Biasanya laporan transaksi
yang mencurigakan ditujukankepada kantor kejaksaan Agung untuk
diproses.
c. Model gabungan, dalam hal ini laporan ditujukan pada joint police/judicial
unit institusi gabungan seperti di Norwegia dan Denmark.
d. Administrative model, dengan variasi: merupakan lembaga independen di
bawah pemerintahan, seperti Austrac (Australia), Fintrac (Canada), Fincen
(USA) atau di bawah Bank Sentral seperti di Malaysia atau di bawah
Financial Service Authority seperti di Jepang.
Keempat macam model FIU tersebut berbeda dalam hal besar kecilnya, struktur dan organisasinya serta tanggung jawabnya yang semuanya tergantung pada pengaturan di masing-masing negara. Jadi tidak ada satupun FIU di dunia ini yang benar-benar sama atau seragam dengan FIU di negara lain.
Mengacu pada keempat format di atas, status FIU sebagai lembaga yang tidak berada di bawah struktur suatu lembaga pemerintah ataupun lembaga lainnya merupakan format yang paling ideal dalam rangka menjaga independensi pelaksanaan tugas FIU serta jaminan agar pengambilan keputusan dan pelaksanaan fungsinya tidak diintervensi oleh pihak lain, termasuk dalam kaitan ini adalah menjaga kerahasiaan data dan informasi intelijen yang dimiliki.
3. Tugas dan Wewenang FIU
Tugas pokok FIU secara garis besar menurut identifikasi yang dilakukan oleh EGMONT Group28 adalah sebagai berikut :
a. menerima laporan suspicious transaction reports dan currency transaction
reports dari pihak pelapor;
b. melakukan analisis atas laporan yang diterima dari pihak pelapor. Dalam
kaitan tugas ini FIU mengeluarkan pedoman untuk mengidentifikasi
transaksi yang wajib dilaporkan; dan
c. meneruskan hasil analisis laporan kepada pihak yang berwenang.
Pasal 18 dst.
27 William C Gilmore, Dirty Money: The Evolution of Money Laundering Countermeasures, Council of Europe
Publishing, Belgium, 1999, h.72.
28 EGMONT Group adalah suatu forum yang keanggotaannya terdiri dari Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) di
seluruh dunia yang bertujuan antara lain mendorong kerjasama antara FIU, meningkatkan keahlian dan keterampilan
personil FIU. EGMONT Group saat ini terdiri atas 84 FIU. Indonesia dalam waktu dekat akan mengajukan diri
sebagai anggota EGMONT Group. Informasi lebih lengkap lihat www.egmont.org atau Asian Development
Bank,Manual on Countering Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism, Maret 2003, hal. 485-498.
12

Sementara itu, untuk mendukung kelancaran tugas dan fungsinya FIU setidaknya
memiliki kewenangan29 :
a. memperoleh dokumen dan informasi tambahan untuk mendukung analisis
yang dilakukan;
b. memiliki akses yang memadai terhadap setiap orang atau lembaga yang
menyediakan informasi keuangan, penyelenggara administrasi yang terkait
dengan transaksi keuangan dan aparat penegak hukum;
c. memiliki kewenangan untuk menetapkan sanksi terhadap pihak pelapor
yang tidak mematuhi kewajiban pelaporan;
d. memiliki kewenangan untuk menyampaikan informasi keuangan dan
informasi intelijen kepada lembaga yang berwenang di dalam negeri untuk
kepentingan penyelidikan dugaan tindak pidana pencucian uang;
e. melakukan pertukaran informasi mengenai informasi keuangan dan
informasi intelijen dengan lembaga sejenis di luar negeri; serta
f. menjamin bahwa pertukaran informasi sejalan dengan hukum nasional dan
prinsip-prinsip internasional mengenai data privacy dan data protection.
Sebagai lembaga yang mengelola informasi yang berkaitan dengan financial intelligence, pengelolaan data statistik dan penggunaan sistem informasi yang efisien mutlak perlu dilakukan. Dalam kaitan ini, FIU wajib memiliki sistem informasi yang mengelola data statistik yang mencakup30 :
a. suspicious transaction reports (STR) yang telah diterima, dianalisis dan
diserahkan kepada pihak yang berwenang;
b. Kasus Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang yang dihasilkan dari penyelidikan,
penuntutan dan putusan pengadilan;
c. permintaan yang diterima dari lembaga terkait di dalam dan luar negeri dan
jumlah permintaan yang diberikan;
d. keterangan yang dibuat oleh FIU atau pihak berwenang lainnya kepada
pihak berwenang di dalam maupun luar negeri; dan
e. transaksi dalam jumlah besar.
4. PPATK sebagai FIU di Indonesia
Di Indonesia kita memiliki PPATK sebagai financial intelligence unit, sebagai lembaga independen yang bertanggung jawab kepada Presiden31. Apabila dilihat dari tugas dan kewenangannya, PPATK termasuk dalam kategori administrative model. Model administratif ini lebih banyak berfungsi sebagai perantara antara masyarakat atau industri jasa keuangan dengan institusi penegak hukum. Laporan yang masuk dianalisis dahulu oleh lembaga ini kemudian dilaporkan institusi penegak hukum, yaitu Kepolisian dan Kejaksaan. Untuk lebih jelasnya, skema dibawah ini menggambarkan posisi PPATK dalam rezim anti money laundering di Indonesia32 :
29 www.egmont.org
30 Rick McDonell, Establishment of the FIU, Workshop diselenggarakan oleh JICA Jakarta, tanggal 16
Desember 2002.
31 Pasal 18 UU NO. 15 Tahun 2002.
32 Sumber: Materi dalam Workshop on PPATK and Implementing Agencies oleh Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu
, Jakarta 18 –19 Februari 2003.
13




PPATK

SEKTOR JASA KEUANGAN

Perusahaan Sekuritas BAPEPAM
^_
Asuransi & Dana pensiun DJLK
^B
PJK lain Regulator 1


Suatu financial intelligence unit biasanya melakukan beberapa tugas dan wewenang, yaitu tugas pengaturan sebagai regulator, melakukan kerjasama dalam rangka penegakan hukum, bekerjasama dengan sektor keuangan, menganalisis laporan yang masuk, melakukan pengamanan terhadap seluruh data dan aset yang ada,melakukan kerjasama internasional dan fungsi administrasi umum. Sebagai suatu financial intelligent unit PPATK juga melaksanakan fungsi yang demikian.
Menurut Pasal 26 dan 27 UU TPPU tugas PPATK antara lain: mengumpulkan, menyimpan, menghimpun, menganalisis, mengevaluasi informasi yang diperoleh berdasarkan UU ini dan menyebarluaskannya, membuat pedoman mengenai tata cara pelaporan transaksi keuangan yang mencurigakan, memberikan nasihat dan bantuan kepada instansi lain yang berwenang mengenai informasi yang diperoleh sesaui ketentuan UU, memberikan rekomendasi kepada Pemerintah sehubungan dengan pencegahan dan pemberantasan tindak pidana pencucian uang, melaporkan hasil analisis terhadap transaksi keuangan yang berindikasi tindak pidana pencucian uang kepada Kepolisian untuk kepentingan penyidikan dan Kejaksaan untuk kepentingan penuntutan dan pengawasan, membuat dan menyampaikan laporan mengenai analisis transaksi keuangan dan kegiatan lainnya secara berkala kepada Presiden, DPR dan lembaga yang berwenang melakukan pengawasan bagi Penyedia Jasa Keuangan (PJK).
Kewenangan PPATK antara lain: meminta dan menerima laporan dari PJK, meminta informasi mengenai perkembangan penyidikan atau penuntutan terhadap tindak pidana pencuian uang yang telah dilaporkan kepada penyidik atau penunut umum. Dari tugas dan wewenang tersebut di atas terdapat dua tugas utama yang menonjol dalam kaitannya dengan pemberantasan tindak pidana pencucian uang, yaitu tugas mendeteksi terjadinya tindak pidana pencucian uang dan tugas membantu penegakan hukum yang berkaitan dengan pencucian uang dan tindak pidana yang melahirkannya (predicate crimes).
Dalam rangka mendeteksi tindak pidana pencucian uang UU TPPU menciptakan beberapa laporan yang disampaikan kepada PPATK, yaitu
a. Laporan transaksi yang mencurigakan yang disampaikan oleh penyedia
jasa keuangan (ps.1 angka 6 dan Pasal 13 UU TPPU),
b. Laporan yang disampaikan oleh penyedia jasa keuangan tentang transaksi
keuangan yang dilakukan secara tunai dalam jumlah kumulatif lima ratus
juta rupiah. (Pasal 13 UU TPPU)
14

c. Laporan yang disampaikan oleh Direktorat Jenderal Bea Cukai mengenai pembawaan uang tunai ke dalam atau ke luar wilayah negara Republik Indonesia berupa rupiah sejumlah seratus juta rupiah atau lebih.(Pasal 16).
Atas dasar laporan tersebut dan informasi lainnya. PPATK melakukan analisa, (mendeteksi tindak pidana pencucian uang) kemudian menyerahkan laporan hasil analisisnya kepada pihak Penyidik dan Penuntut (Pasal 27). Untuk memperoleh laporan dan hasil deteksi atau analisa yang baik PPATK harus menjalin kerjasama yang baik dengan penyedia jasa keuangan dan instansi terkait lainnya atau dengan FIU dari negara lain. Selanjutnya dalam proses penegakan hukum, PPATK dapat melakukan kerjasama dan membantu pihak penyidik dan penuntut umum dengan informasi yang dimiliki dan kemempuan analisisnya. Informasi tersebut dapat berasal dari data base PPATK atau dapat juga berasal dari sharing information dengan FIU dari negara lain. Berdasarkan uraian tersebut di atas, maka dapat digambarkan skema mekanisme kerja PPATK sebagai berikut:

PJK
^ STR
P P
A T K

*Analisa <



Instansi terkait
Foreign FIUs ►
















"—




Kelengkapan Isian Form STR
Database






^ 1
informasi



Pemberian informasi


H asil anal isis Kasus
Kepolisian TPPU Kejaksaan

RI Agung
Meskipun secara yuridis PPATK telah ada sejak diundangkannya Undang-undang No. 15 Tahun 200233. PPATK baru melaksanakan fungsinya pada bulan Oktober 2003. Sesuai dengan ketentuan peralihan UU TPPU, dijelaskan bahwa sebelum PPATK berfungsi secara efektif maka untuk pelaporan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan dari industri perbankan tetap berjalan seperti biasa dengan melaporkannya kepada Bank Indonesia (Unit Khusus Investigasi Perbankan/UKIP) sesuai dengan Peraturan Bank Indonesia (PBI) yang berlaku.
Per tanggal 29 April 2004, PPATK telah menerima sebanyak 614 laporan transaksi keuangan mencurigakan (STR), dengan rincian : dari 38 bank sebanyak 608 STR (57 diantaranya dilaporkan secara online, dan dari non bank (1 lembaga pembiayaan, 1 dana pensión, 3 pedagang valuta asing, dan 1 perusahaan efek) sebanyak 6 STR. Dari hasil analisis seluruh laporan tersebut, PPATK telah menyampaikan lepada penyidik sebanyak 92 kasus dari 200 STR.
33 Pasal 18 ayat (1) diatur bahwa dalam rangka mencegah dan memberantas tindak pidana pencucian uang, dengan Undang-undang ini dibentuk PPATK.
15

G. Proses Intelijen Dalam Penanganan Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang
1. Intellijen vs Bukti
Perlu diingat bahwa laporan Transaksi Keuangan Mencurigakan yang disampaikan oleh PJK hanyalah berupa informasi transaksi keuangan suatu nasabah yang dinilai tidak wajar (di luar kebiasaan/profilnya) yang terjadi di suatu PJK dan bukan merupakan laporan transaksi keuangan yang berindikasikan suatu tindak pidana. PJK hanya bertugas untuk mendeteksi adanya ketidakwajaran transaksi keuangan dan tidak melakukan investigasi.
Selain itu, hasil analisis PPATK yang disampaikan kepada pihak penyidik adalah berupa informasi intelijen keuangan yang dapat digunakan oleh aparat penegak hukum dalam menindaklanjuti suatu dugaan tindak pidana. Informasi intelijen keuangan tersebut dihasilkan oleh PPATK setelah sebelumnya dilakukan analisis terhadap informasi laporan Transaksi Keuangan Mencurigakan dan laporan Transaksi Tunai yang dikirimkan oleh PJK serta informasi laporan pembawaan uang tunai dari Ditjend Bea dan Cukai. Selain laporan tersebut, untuk lebih memperkuat hasil analisisnya PPATK dapat meminta informasi tambahan dari instansi lain yang terkait seperti pihak regulator, Kepolisian RI, Kejaksaan Agung, FIU negara lain dan lain-lain. Dengan kata lain hasil analisis yang disampaikan PPATK kepada pihak penyidik merupakan informasi yang sudah memiliki nilai tambah (value added).
Dapat kami tegaskan disini bahwa laporan Transaksi Keuangan Mencurigakan dari PJK dan hasil analisis PPATK bersifat sangat rahasia dan kedua dokumen tersebut bukan merupakan dokumen alat bukti yang dapat digunakan dalam sidang pengadilan.
2. Proses Intelijen
Secara konseptual yang dimaksud dengan proses intelijen adalah suatu
rangkaian kegiatan atau prosedur yang masing-masing kegiatannya saling terkait satu
sama lainnya dan pada akhirnya dapat memberikan suatu kesimpulan yang relatif tepat34.
Berikut ini merupakan skema dalam proses intelijen35 :
COLLECTION
EVALUATION
COLLATION
ANALYSIS
DISSEMINATION
RE-EVALUATION
4 Sumber ADB AML/CFT Training Seminar, Brisbane 3 June 2002
5 ibid
16

Proses intelijen tersebut di atas dapat pula diterapkan dalam membantu penanganan kasus-kasus tindak pidana pencucian uang.
Ad 1. Data Collection
Dalam tahap ini kegiatan yang dilakukan lebih difokuskan kepada pengumpulan berbagai informasi dari segala sumber baik dari aparat penegak hukum, PJK maupun individual. Sebagai contoh antara lain :
a. Laporan yang diwajibkan oleh UU TPPU kepada PJK dan Kantor Ditjend
Bea dan Cukai
b. Informan yang sangat dirahasiakan
c. Penyelidikan dan penyidikan pihak Kepolisian
d. Pengintaian
e. Informasi dari kantor imigrasi
f. Wawancara/interogasi
g. Tanya jawab
Ad 2. Data evaluation
Dalam melakukan analisis, sumber informasi yang benar-benar terpercaya (reliability) dan informasi yang valid adalah dua hal penting yang harus tersedia. Untuk itu, diperlukan adanya evaluasi atas semua informasi yang dimiliki dalam rangka menyaring data/informasi yang tidak relevan dan tidak berkualitas. Dengan demikian proses analisis akan dapat dilakukan dengan lebih baik dan pada gilirannya dapat dihasilkan suatu kesimpulan yang relatif tepat.
Ad 3. Collation
Semua informasi yang didapat dari kegiatan collection perlu disimpan secara aman dan rapi. Informasi yang perlu disimpan hanyalah informasi yang memang benar-benar relevan dan diperlukan sedangkan informasi yang tidak relevan dan tidak benar harus dihilangkan. Guna memudahkan pencarian terhadap informasi yang telah disimpan, maka perlu dilakukan adanya system peng-index-an dan cross referenced. Penyimpanan informasi (collation) dapat dilakukan secara manual atau dengan sistem komputerisasi. Bila dikaitkan dengan pelaksanaan tugas PPATK, maka direncanakan PPATK akan menyimpan seluruh informasi laporan Transaksi Keuangan Mencurigakan, laporan Transaksi tunai, laporan pembawaan uang tunai dari kantor Bea dan Cukai serta informasi lainnya secara komputerisasi dalam suatu database. Dengan demikian diharapkan proses pencarian informasi dapat dilakukan secara mudah dan cepat melalui system query yang ada.
Ad 4. Analysis
Kegiatan analisis merupakan jantung dari proses intelijen dan dapat dikatakan sebagai bagian terpenting dalam proses intelijen. Dalam tahap ini dilakukan proses penggabungan dan pengkajian atas semua informasi yang dimiliki sehingga nantinya dapat membentuk suatu pola atau arti tersendiri. Berdasarkan pola tersebut dapat dibuat suatu hipotesa atau beberapa hipotesa yang tentunya masih perlu dilakukan pengujian atas hipotesa tersebut. Dalam proses ini apabila informasi yang mendukung analisis dinilai masih kurang maka diperlukan adanya tambahan informasi sebagaimana yang dilakuakan dalam tahap collection di atas. Hasil akhir dari kegiatan analisis dapat berupa suatu kesimpulan, ramalan atau perkiraan.
Sebagai FIU, PPATK melakukan analisis atas suatu laporan Transaksi Keuangan Mencurigakan dengan cara mencari informasi lain yang terkait dengan laporan tersebut dalam database yang dimiliki PPATK. Apabila tidak ditemukan informasi lain dalam database maka analis PPATK dapat mencari informasi lain dari berbagai sumber seperti yang dilakukan dalam tahap colection di atas. Dalam
17

melakukan kegiatan analisis ini, dapat digunakan suatu analytical tools & techniques seperti link charting, event charting, flow charting, activity charting, data correlation dll.
Ad 5. Dissemination of Intelligence
Yang dimaksud dengan dissemination of intelligence adalah penyampaian hasil analisis (kesimpulan/ramalan/perkiraan) yang didapat dari ke-empat proses di atas kepada pihak-pihak yang membutuhkan seperti aparat penegak hukum, regulator atau pihak lainnya. Penyampaian informasi intelijen kepada pihak lain harus memperhatikan ketentuan “3 C’s” yaitu clear, concise and clock. Selain itu, petugas yang membuat hasil analisis harus dapat memberikan penjelasan baik secara lisan maupun tulisan atas isi dari analisis yang dibuatnya.
Dalam prakteknya, berdasarkan UU TPPU, PPATK diwajibkan untuk menyampaikan hasil analisis Transaksi Keuangan yang berindikasikan tindak pidana pencucian uang kepada pihak Kepolisian dan Kejaksaan. Sekali lagi kami sampaikan bahwa hasil analisis PPATK merupakan informasi intelijen keuangan yang bukan merupakan dokumen alat bukti dan bersifat sangat rahasia sehingga tidak dapat ditampilkan dalam sidang pengadilan. Atas dasar informasi dari PPATK tersebut, adalah merupakan tugas dari pihak Kepolisian untuk melakukan penyelidikan dan penyidikan guna lebih memperkuat dugaan tindak pidana asal serta tindak pidana pencucian uang yang dilakukan oleh para pelaku kejahatan. Selain itu, informasi intelijen dari PPATK diharapkan juga dapat membantu aparat penegak hukum dalam memperoleh dokumen alat bukti yang diperlukan sehingga nantinya dapat lebih mempermudah proses pembuktian terjadinya suatu tindak pidana.
Ad 6. Re-evaluation
Re-evaluation adalah proses review yang dilakukan secara berkesinambungan atas seluruh proses intelijen yang dilakukan. Hal ini bertujuan untuk
          No Way to Treat Children Fleeing Danger         

Refugee children take part in a protest in March 2015 against their resettlement on Nauru and living conditions on the island.

© 2016 Private

Migrant children might soon be separated from their parents as a matter of course when families enter the United States irregularly, Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly told CNN in early March. Under the proposal, which another Homeland Security official described as among the options the department is considering to “discourage [others] from even beginning the journey,” separated parents would be detained in jail-like facilities while children would be placed in foster homes or shelters for children.

The suggestion rightly drew considerable criticism, and by early April, Secretary Kelly had begun to back away from it. “The idea that the government would cause harm to children to dissuade other families from crossing the border is cynical in the extreme,” my colleague Clara Long wrote in response.

Holding children in immigration detention is a recurring, if abusive, practice around the world, as Australia, Europe, and the United States each seek ways to respond to recent migration flows.

To be sure, it’s unusual to deliberately separate young children from their mothers, as the US proposal would do. But families are frequently split up, with men held separately from women and children. It’s also common for countries to detain unaccompanied children, sometimes for protracted periods.

As one example, Mexico began to detain unaccompanied children as well as adults in large numbers after 2014, at least partly at the urging of US authorities who sought to “stem the flow” of Central American asylum seekers, in the words of Lev D. Kubiak, the assistant director of international operations for US Immigration and Customs Enforcement in testimony before a House subcommittee in June 2015. Mexican immigration authorities apprehended more than 20,000 unaccompanied children from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras in 2015 and over 17,500 in 2016, detaining the vast majority.

In Europe, Hungary has just adopted a measure allowing its authorities to detain asylum seekers on its territory, including families with children and unaccompanied children age 14 and above. Belgium, which had been something of a regional model after it eliminated immigration detention for families in 2009, announced at the end of 2016 that it planned to resume the practice sometime this year.

In perhaps the most extreme and flagrantly abusive use of immigration detention, Australia has forcibly transferred all asylum seekers who arrive by boat, including unaccompanied children and families with children, to offshore facilities in Nauru and Papua New Guinea. The asylum seekers sent there face the choice of indefinite banishment to those countries, relocation to Cambodia, or return to the countries they fled.

Practices such as these are a particularly inhumane response to humanitarian crises. It’s no mystery why Central American children flee their home countries in large numbers, on their own or with their families. Gang violence has plagued Central America’s Northern Triangle for decades, and children are particularly targeted. It’s not uncommon to hear reports that 13-year-olds, or even younger children, were shot in the head, or had their throats slit, or were tortured and left to die, as Óscar Martínez observed in The Nation.

Many of the arrivals to Europe, including large numbers of unaccompanied children, are coming from war-torn countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen or from highly repressive states, Eritrea and Ethiopia among them.

Similarly, Australia’s offshore operations on Nauru and Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island house men, women, and children from these and other countries who fled armed conflict or sustained persecution because of their political beliefs, religion, or ethnic origin.

Detention has particularly devastating human consequences, which is why international standards discourage detaining asylum seekers and call on countries to end the immigration detention of children. Nevertheless, politicians and policymakers frequently turn a blind eye to the abuses immigration detention entails. What’s more, they sometimes attempt to justify detention in terms that suggest that it somehow serves the “greater good.” The reality, as I’ve seen, is anything but humane.

The Effects of Immigration Detention on Mental Well-Being

Perhaps nowhere are the adverse effects of immigration detention more evident than in Australia’s offshore operations on Manus Island and Nauru, where refugees and asylum seekers have been warehoused for more than three years. A leaked report by UNHCR, the United Nations refugee agency, found, in fact, that post-traumatic stress disorder and depression “have reached epidemic proportions” among those held in both locations.

I’ve been to the facilities on both islands, and many of those I spoke with told me they were seriously considering suicide. More than a dozen adults and some of the children I and an Amnesty International researcher interviewed on Nauru had tried to kill themselves at least once by overdosing on medication, swallowing bleach, other cleaning products, or razors, hanging or strangling themselves, or setting themselves on fire. “I’m tired of my life,” a 15-year-old girl said, telling me that she had tried to commit suicide twice since she arrived on the island.

Children who were separated from one of their parents suffered particularly dramatic and immediate downturns in their mental state. A woman whose husband had been transferred to Australia for medical treatment told me that their 9-year-old son began to repeatedly talk about killing himself: “Two weeks ago, my son took the lighter. He said, ‘I want to burn myself. Why should I be alive? I want my daddy. I miss my daddy.’ I look in his eyes and I see sadness.”

The father of another boy reported that his son had begun to have violent mood swings, stopped speaking, and avoided leaving his room after the boy’s mother was transferred to Australia for medical care without advance warning.

These kinds of adverse effects on mental well-being aren’t restricted to places like Nauru and Papua New Guinea. Human Rights Watch documented similar feelings of depression and suicidal feelings among asylum-seeking mothers and children detained for long periods in the United States. In Greece, where unaccompanied children are frequently held in police custody with no access to mental health care, we’ve spoken to children who appeared to be experiencing psychological distress and in some cases had attempted to harm themselves.

Whatever the circumstances, immigration detention causes significant harm to children and adults. Studies by Physicians for Human Rights and the Bellevue/New York University School of Medicine Program for Survivors of Torture, among others, have found that detained asylum seekers suffered high levels of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder and that their mental health worsened with continued detention.

Children, in particular, can experience extreme distress in reaction to even short periods of confinement. Research shows that they may become aggressive, display separation anxiety, have difficulty sleeping, and suffer loss of appetite.

These consequences are lasting: children continue to experience emotional distress for months after leaving detention settings. In light of these outcomes, a 2014 survey of pediatricians by the Medical Journal of Australia found that 80 percent of those responding believed that the mandatory detention of asylum-seeking children amounted to child abuse.

The Impact on Children’s Protection Claims

Detention can also be particularly problematic for those who are in need of refugee protection. As a practical matter, it’s much more difficult for people in detention to get the kind of specialized support they need to present their asylum claims effectively. Moreover, children as well as adults may decide not to pursue claims, even very strong ones, because they don’t want to remain locked up in the meantime.

In the United States, where most people in immigration proceedings do not have court- appointed lawyers (instead, under US immigration law, they have the “privilege of being represented, at no expense to the Government”), a 2015 study published in the University of Pennsylvania Law Review found that only 37 percent of all immigrants (and 55 percent of all child immigrants) were represented in immigration cases. For detained immigrants, adults as well as children, the representation rate fell to 14 percent.

In part, that disparity in the United States is because many immigration detention centers are located in rural areas that are often far from pro bono or private lawyers. For example, the immigration detention center in Artesia, New Mexico, where women and children fleeing violence in Central America were held when they began to arrive in large numbers in 2014, is “far away from public scrutiny and public access,” with “no lawyers to speak of [,] . . . no human rights groups, and no community based organizations,” Stephen Manning wrote in The Artesia Report, published that year.

The US government has opposed efforts to provide representation for unaccompanied children and other groups of particularly vulnerable people in immigration proceedings. In fact, one immigration judge went so far as to claim that even very young children could represent themselves adequately. “I’ve taught immigration law literally to 3-year-olds and 4-year-olds. It takes a lot of time. It takes a lot of patience,” the judge said in a March 2016 deposition reported in the Los Angeles Times, claiming, “They get it. It's not the most efficient, but it can be done.”

But the difference between having a lawyer and being unrepresented is far from trivial: among detained immigrants, those with lawyers are more than 10 times more likely than their unrepresented counterparts to win their cases, the 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law Review study found.

Elsewhere in the world, I’ve seen that detention has similar adverse effects on children’s ability to pursue protection claims.

In Mexico, which has also detained large numbers of Central Americans in recent years, UNHCR has estimated that as many as half of all Central American children there  have strong cases for asylum—not meaning necessarily that all are refugees, but rather that their cases warrant in-depth review.

In October 2016, President Enrique Peña Nieto announced that Mexico would strengthen its refugee recognition procedures and “develop alternatives to immigration detention for asylum seekers, particularly children.”

These promises were largely unfulfilled by the year’s end. Mexico’s refugee agency, the Mexican Commission for Refugee Assistance (Comisión Mexicana de Ayuda a Refugiados, COMAR), afforded international protection to just 124 unaccompanied children from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras in 2016. That’s a considerable increase from 2015, when 57 children from these countries received protection, but still less than 1 percent of the total number of unaccompanied children Mexican authorities apprehended in each of these years.

If my interviews are any indication, Mexico’s practice of detaining most asylum seekers is an important factor that helps explain the discrepancy between the large number of unaccompanied children with plausible claims and the very small number who apply for and receive asylum.  Edgar V., a 17-year-old Honduran boy, told me that when he was apprehended in Oaxaca, Mexican immigration officials advised him to apply for asylum. But it is far more common for immigration officials to tell unaccompanied children not to bother making an asylum claim, other children reported.

Despite the advice he received, Edgar had decided not to seek asylum. “I was locked up, and they said it would be a long time before I heard. I couldn’t handle that,” he said. “At least two months, up to six months for the response. When they told me it would be six months before I heard back, I said no, I don’t want that.”  Instead, he accepted being returned to Honduras.

I heard from other unaccompanied children as well as families who made similar decisions to forego asylum claims even when they thought they would face serious risks on return. “I don’t want to return, but because of the time locked up here, I told myself it’s better to return,” another 17-year-old boy told me, after describing a series of death threats that had led him to flee. I asked him how he would stay safe. “I won’t leave the house unless I have to,” he said. “There are criminals on every corner. They walk around armed as if they were the police appointed by law.” 

To be sure, a large number of unaccompanied children would probably prefer to travel through Mexico to the United States rather than staying in Mexico. But it’s also the case that other countries in the region—Costa Rica, Panama, even Belize—are seeing increasing numbers of asylum applications from children and adults, just as Mexico is. Put another way, children and adults fleeing persecution and violence will seek safety in countries throughout the region if they are aware of their right to do so, aren’t locked up, and receive appropriate assistance to go through the process.

Using Detention to Deter Others

As Homeland Security officials did with their family separation proposal, lawmakers and policymakers often try to justify immigration detention as a deterrent to future irregular arrivals. Australian lawmakers, for example, have repeatedly stated that mandatory detention and offshore processing of maritime arrivals are necessary to “stop the boats.”

These kinds of explanations fail to hold up in several respects.

For one, a policy of deterrence means that the state is imposing a hardship on some people to change the behavior of others. But “there is something contradictory at the heart of any policy calling for the detention of asylum-seekers, since it means that people seeking refuge from persecution are welcomed first by being locked up,” as Michael Kagan, a University of Nevada law professor, wrote in a 2016 Texas International Law Journal article.

For another, these policies don’t serve their stated purpose. Refugees and asylum seekers are primarily motivated by finding a place of safety and may be completely unaware of detention policies in destination countries, researchers have found.  Similarly, migrants who aren’t fleeing persecution probably choose their destinations on the basis of factors such as family or community ties and perceived educational and economic opportunities. Alice Edwards, a senior UNHCR official, observed in a 2011 article for the Equal Rights Review, “There is no empirical evidence that the prospect of being detained deters irregular migration.” Similarly, the International Detention Coalition concluded in an April 2015 report that detention is largely ineffective at reducing irregular migration.

Moreover, international standards call for limits on the use of immigration detention. UNHCR’s Detention Guidelines call for immigration detention to be used sparingly, and only after a detailed, individual assessment; even then, they maintain that detention must be reasonable in the specific circumstances and proportionate to a legitimate public order, public health, or national security purpose. These guidelines explicitly note that mandatory or automatic detention is arbitrary, and therefore impermissible.

For children, the standard is clearer, stronger and even stricter: the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, which oversees compliance with the global treaty on children’s rights, says that countries should “expeditiously and completely cease the detention of children on the basis of their immigration status.”

In short, as UNHCR noted in a 2014 report, Beyond Detention, “[n]ot only does detention not work as a deterrent, it is not a legitimate purpose for detention under international law.”

In truth, immigration detention often serves a purpose that’s largely symbolic. As the sociologists Arjen Leerkes and Dennis Broeders have observed, countries use immigration detention as a signal that they are acting to control their borders. Australia’s offshore processing system, which holds 2,000 people on remote islands as an example to others, provides a clear illustration of this function of immigration detention. As a refugee on Manus put it, “The cost of Australia’s border protection policies is a human sacrifice—us. They need us here as a symbol to stop the boats.”

 Rebranding Detention and Other Restrictions as Protection

Perhaps the most pernicious claim I hear from government officials is that detention, with its purported but unproven deterrent effect, has a protective function. Australian officials have perfected this tactic, spinning the sustained abuse of their offshore operations as a life-saving measure by claiming that offshore operations are necessary to deter smuggling by boat and thus save lives at sea. Some European lawmakers are adopting this rhetoric and also claiming, largely without evidence, that immigration detention prevents trafficking.

Countries deploy other strategies in combination with detention. Australia, the European Union, and the United States are each taking steps to prevent asylum seekers and migrants from reaching their territories, as Bill Frelick, Ian Kysel, and Jennifer Podkul discuss in a 2016 article Journal of Migration Security on the “externalization” of migration control.

In Australia, methods include the interdiction of boats on the high seas and pushbacks of boats to Indonesian waters. A 2015 Indonesian police investigation also found that Australian authorities paid smugglers to turn boats around. Asked to respond, then-Prime Minister Tony Abbott refused to admit or deny the reports of collusion with smugglers, saying only that the Australian government had stopped the boats “by hook or by crook.”

The United States has also employed high seas interdictions and shipboard screenings. And both the European Union and the United States have pursued intensive efforts to support and encourage third countries to “contain” asylum seekers and migrants.

In the case of the United States, that’s meant pushing Mexico to apprehend, detain, and deport Central Americans in large numbers.

The EU has negotiated an arrangement that commits Turkey to accept the return of all asylum seekers who travelled through Turkey in exchange for billions of euros in aid, visa liberalization for Turkish citizens, and revived negotiations for Turkish accession to the EU. In principle, the €3 billion funding is designated for projects to improve the lives of refugees as well as of host communities in Turkey. The deal also provides for the resettlement of one other Syrian refugee from Turkey for each Syrian returned to Turkey.

Under the deal, Greece and other EU countries regard Turkey as a safe country even though Syrians often face significant hurdles in registering for temporary protection and asylum seekers of other nationalities, including Afghans and Iraqis, are ineligible even to apply. Turkey has accepted obligations under UN Convention on the Status of Refugees, but only for refugees from Europe. As Human Rights Watch and other groups have found, many Syrians, as well as Afghans, Iraqis, and others seeking international protection in Turkey cannot lawfully work, access health care, or enrol their children in school, meaning that their presence in Turkey is precarious.

In addition, individual EU member states are known to have turned asylum seekers away at their borders with other non-EU states. Hungary’s violent pushbacks of asylum seekers to the Serbian border are well-known. Poland, which receives large numbers of asylum seekers from the Russian Republic of Chechnya as well as from Tajikistan and Georgia, routinely denies them the right to seek asylum at its border with Belarus and instead summarily returns them there, Human Rights Watch found in a March report.

Characterizing such tactics as protective is both contrary to the facts and shamelessly manipulative.  It’s simply not credible to claim that immigration detention and efforts to contain migrants in third countries protect people from serious harm.

The Way Forward

Authorities should know by now that immigration detention has serious adverse consequences for mental well-being, particularly for families and unaccompanied children. It’s also the case that detention can lead unaccompanied children, as well as adults, to abandon well-founded asylum claims and accept return to possible harm. And closing off safe and legal routes for refugees makes it more likely rather than less that people will turn to smugglers in their search for safe destinations.

It doesn’t have to be this way. For many adults, probation-style periodic reporting to the authorities, or being asked for a financial deposit, and other alternatives are proven means of avoiding the negative consequences of detention while providing reasonable guarantees of appearance in immigration proceedings, the International Detention Coalition has found.

When it comes to children, countries should eliminate the use of immigration detention. Some countries have already agreed in recent years to end or sharply reduce the detention of migrant children: Japan, Panama, Taiwan, and Turkey now prohibit the detention of migrant children, and half a dozen other countries have placed limits on immigration detention of children.

But more countries, Australia and the United States among them, need to recognize that locking children up as a means of migration control is unnecessary, abusive, and counterproductive.


          Ranking Sekolah SBP dan MRSM bagi keputusan SPM 2011        


Ranking Bagi Semua Sekolah Di Malaysia

Keputusan SPM baru je berlalu baru2 ini , Pada yg berjaya pasti kegembiraan itu dikongsi bersama keluarga dan rakan taulan namun bagi yg tidak berjaya pasti kesedehan turut dirasakan seisi keluarga terutama ibubpk yg selalu mendoakan  kejayaan anak2 mereka . Namun jika gagal mendapat keputusan yg cemerlang bukanlah bagaikan tiada lagi masa depan kerana sekarang ini di Malaysia sudah byk terdapat IPTA dan IPTS. Insyaallah ...ada je peluang utk melanjutkan pelajaran.
Oleh kerana peperiksaan SPM adalah peperiksaan yg agak penting dlm semua peperiksaan yg ada maka ramailah ibubpk yg berlumba-lumba utk menghantar anak2 mereka yg mendapat keputusan yg cemerlang dalam UPSR dan PMR ke Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP) atau Maktab rendah Sains Mara (MRSM) . So ibubpk seboleh2nya mahu memilih sekolah yg berada dalam ranking yg terbaik bagi keputusan SPM 2011 yg lalu...so disini akak ingin share ranking 10 sekolah terbaik di Malaysia. Jika kurang tepat harap dpt beri infomasi nanti yer.


10 Sekolah  Terbaik Bagi Keputusan SPM 2011


1. Kolej Tunku Kursiah - GPS 0.923

2.Sekolah Tun Fatimah- GPS 0.939

3.Sekolah Seri Puteri - GPS 0.984

4.MRSM Tun Ghafar Baba- GPS 1.00

5.MRSM Taiping -GPS 1.06

6.Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah, Putrajaya- GPS 1.118

7. MRSM Pengkalan Chepa - GPS 1.12

8.Sekolah Men Tuanku Munawir -GPS 1.18

9.MRSM Kuantan - GPS 1.19

10,MRSM Langkawi - GPS 1.21


Itulah ranking bagi keputusan SPM yg baru berlalu baru2 ini. Dari keputusan diatas jelas ketara 3 sekolah teratas diungguli oleh Sekolah Asrama Penuh yg pelajarnya semua perempuan. Manakala MRSM Tun Ghafar Baba dan MRSM Taiping plk adalah sekolah campur lelaki dan perempuan. Sekolah Alam Shah, Putrajaya plk semuanya lelaki. Ini bermakna pelajar perempuan mmg rajin belajar lebih dari pelajar lelaki. Pelajar lelaki ini otak mereka mmg hebat, bijak tapi  kdg2 mereka ini byk bermain dan leka.....tapi yg pasti guru2 sekolah berasrama penoh ini mmg memainkan peranan yg sgt tinggi demi memastikan para pelajar sekolah mereka mendapat keputusan yg cemerlang,
Bila anak2 kita berada di SBP atau MRSM...kita tak payah pening kepala memikirkan kelas tusyen mana kita nak hntr dan anak2 kita akan menjadi pelajar yg berdikari...insyaallah.
Walaupon sekolah anak akak , Sekolah Alam Shah Putrajaya berada di no ke 6 di dlm ranking ni tapi akak ucapkan tahniah kerana ramai pelajar cemerlang muncul dari sekolah ini.
Para pelajar Sekolah Alam Shah Putrajaya , sekolah terbaik Wilayah Persekutuan gembira menunjukkan keputusan cemerlang SPM masing-masing....alhamdullillah
 Ranking ini mengikut GPS di dlm internet so jika ada yg tidak tepat tolong infokan kpd akak yer..( tapi rasanya tepat kut ).
          Los 10 países menos poblados de Oceanía (2017)        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los 10 países menos poblados de Oceanía actualmente (año 2017) son, por orden (de menor a mayor población): Tuvalu, Nauru, Palaos, Islas Marshall, Micronesia, Tonga, Kiribati, Samoa, Vanuatu e Islas Salomón. A continuación se presenta un listado con los… Continue Reading

La entrada Los 10 países menos poblados de Oceanía (2017) aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          Densidad de población de los países de Oceanía (2016)        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN Oceanía tiene una densidad de población media de 5 habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado (año 2016). De los 14 países que componen el continente, el de mayor número de habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado es Nauru con 524 hab/km² y el de menor… Continue Reading

La entrada Densidad de población de los países de Oceanía (2016) aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          Superficie de los países de Oceanía        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN Oceanía tiene una superficie¹ total aproximada de 9 millones de km². El país más grande del continente oceánico es Australia con 7,7 millones de km² (El 85% de la superficie total de América) y el más pequeño es Nauru con 23,1 km².… Continue Reading

La entrada Superficie de los países de Oceanía aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          Población de los países de Oceanía (2013)        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN Oceanía tenía una población aproximada en el año 2013 de 36,5 millones de habitantes. El país más poblado del continente oceánico era Australia con 22,9 millones de habitantes (el 61% de la población total de Oceanía) y el menos poblado era Nauru con 10 000 habitantes. A continuación… Continue Reading

La entrada Población de los países de Oceanía (2013) aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          Los 10 países menos poblados del mundo (2017)        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los 10 países menos poblados son actualmente (año 2017): la Ciudad del Vaticano, Tuvalu, Nauru, Palaos, San Marino, Mónaco, Liechtenstein, San Cristóbal y Nieves, las Islas Marshall y Dominica. Como se puede comprobar, los países con menor número… Continue Reading

La entrada Los 10 países menos poblados del mundo (2017) aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          Â¿Cuántos países tiene Oceanía?        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN ¿Cuántos países tiene Oceanía? ¿Cuáles son? El continente oceánico está compuesto por 14 países [Países de Oceanía]: Australia, Fiyi, Islas Marshall, Islas Salomón, Kiribati, Micronesia, Nauru, Nueva Zelanda, Palaos, Papúa Nueva Guinea, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu yVanuatu. Si quieres ver los países de Oceanía en un mapa: [Mapa político de… Continue Reading

La entrada ¿Cuántos países tiene Oceanía? aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          Los 10 países más pequeños del mundo        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los 10 países con menor superficie del mundo son: La Ciudad del Vaticano, Nauru, Tuvalu, San Marino, Liechtenstein, Islas Marshall, San Cristóbal y Nieves, Maldivas y Malta. La Ciudad del Vaticano es el país más pequeño del mundo con 0,44 kilómetros cuadrados de superficie (Si te… Continue Reading

La entrada Los 10 países más pequeños del mundo aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          País más pequeño de cada continente        

1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los países más pequeños de cada continente son: La Ciudad del Vaticano (Europa), Maldivas (Asia),  San Cristóbal y Nieves (América), Nauru (Oceanía) y Seychelles (África). La extensión en km² de estos países es: País más pequeño de Europa: Vaticano (0,44) País más pequeño de Asia: Maldivas… Continue Reading

La entrada País más pequeño de cada continente aparece primero en Saber es práctico.


          Mtv3.fi arvosteli Suffragettien cityn        
Vauvavuonna jäi mediaseuranta. ”Kokoelma-albumin toimittanut Johanna Rojola on onnistunut kokoamaan erilaisilla tekniikoilla toteutetuista sarjakuvista toimivan paketin. Albumin parissa viihtyy hyvin, sillä tekijöiden työt on ripoteltu toistensa lomaan ja pituudeltaan vaihtelevat sarjakuvat tukevat toisiaan. Ripeästi luettavaa albumia voi suositella vaikka metrolukemiseksi, sillä pysäkinväleillä ehtii napostella aina muutaman tarinan. Matka menee nopeasti, mutta yllättävä naurukohtaus voi kerätä […]
          Trade Agreement no closer to a Plus in economic cooperation relations for the Pacific        

June 14 this year marked the signing ceremony of the Pacific Agreement for Closer Economic Relations (PACER-Plus) Trade Agreement in Tonga. Ten countries that signed included Australia, New Zealand (the “Plus”), Samoa, Solomon Islands, Nauru, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Cook Islands, Niue, and Tonga. That event should have been a keystone ceremony. It should have been deferred, […]

The post Trade Agreement no closer to a Plus in economic cooperation relations for the Pacific appeared first on Devpolicy Blog from the Development Policy Centre.


          THE FACT        

COUNTRY POPULATION (largest)(February, 2006 numbers)

1.China 1,306,313,800
2.India 1,080,264,400
3.USA 295,734,100
4.Indonesia 241,973,900
5.Brazil 186,112,800
6.Pakistan 162,419,900
7.Bangladesh 144,319,600
8.Russia 143,420,300
9.Nigeria 128,772,000
10.Japan 127,417,200

COUNTRY POPULATION (smallest)(February, 2006 numbers)

1.Vatican City 920
2.Tuvalu 11,640
3.Nauru 13,050
4.Palau 20,300
5.San Marino 28,880
6.Monaco 32,410
7.Liechtenstein 33,720
8.St. Kitts 38,960
9.Marshall Islands 59,070
10.Antigua and Barbuda 68,720

COUNTRIES (Highest Density)(people per square km)

1.Monaco 16,205
2.Singapore 6,386
3.Malta 1,261
4.Maldives 1,164
5.Bahrain 1,035
6.Bangladesh 1,002
7.Vatican City 920
8.Barbados 648
9.Nauru 621
10.Mauritius 603

COUNTRIES (Lowest Density)(people per square km)

1.Mongolia 2
2.Namibia 2
3.Australia 3
4.Botswana 3
5.Iceland 3
6.Suriname 3
7.Libya 3
8.Mauritania 3
9.Canada 3
10.Guyana 4


LARGEST CITIES ON THE PLANET!


Numbers shown are the population within the recognized city limits, and do not include people living in the immediate surrounding area outside of the established border of the city. For the largest metropolitan areas refer to the list below this one.Revised (10/01/04)

1.Shanghai, China 13.3 million
2.Mumbai (Bombay), India 12.6 million
3.Buenos Aires, Argentina 11.92 million
4.Moscow, Russia 11.3 million
5.Karachi, Pakistan 10.9 million
6.Delhi, India 10.4 million
7.Manila, Philippines 10.3 million
9.Sao Paulo, Brazil 10.26 million
10.Seoul, South Korea 10.2 million
11.Istanbul, Turkey 9.6 million
12.Jakarta, Indonesia 9.0 million
13.Mexico City, Mexico 8.7 million
14.Lagos, Nigeria 8.68 million
15.Lima, Peru 8.38 million
16.Tokyo, Japan 8.3 million
17.New York City, USA 8.09 million
18.Cairo, Egypt 7.6 million
19.London, UK 7.59 million
20.Teheran, Iran 7.3 million
21.Beijing, China 7.2 million

LARGEST METRO AREAS IN THE WORLD
Numbers shown are the population within the immediate surrounding area of the established border of the city, and also include the city limit population figures. Revised (09/05)

1.Toyko, Japan 31.2 million
2.New York City - Philadelphia area, USA 30.1 million
3.Mexico City, Mexico 21.5 million
4.Seoul, South Korea 20.15 million
5.Sao Paulo, Brazil 19.9 million
6.Jakarta, Indonesia 18.2 million
7.Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto, Japan 17.6 million
8.New Delhi, India 17.36 million
9.Mumbai, India (Bombay) 17.34 million
10.Los Angeles, USA 16.7 million
11.Cairo, Egypt 15.86 million
12.Calcutta, India 14.3 million
13.Manila, Philippines 14.1 million
14.Shanghai, China 13.9 million
15.Buenos Aires, Argentina 13.2 million
16.Moscow, Russian Fed. 12.2 million

Hottest,Coldest,Driest,Wettest

1.Hottest Place Dalol, Denakil Depression, Ethiopia, annual average temperature (93.2°F, 34°C)
2.Coldest Place Plateau Station, Antarctica, annual average temperature (-56.7°C)
3.Wettest Place Mawsynram, Assam, India, annual average rainfall (11,873 mm, 467.4")
4.Driest Place Atacama Desert, Chile, imperceptible rainfall on a yearly basis

HIGHEST/LOWEST SURFACE POINTS
(Below Sea Level, On Each Continent)

1.Dead Sea, Asia -409 meters
2.Lake Assal, Africa -156 meters
3.Death Valley, North America -86 meters
4.Valdés Peninsula, South America -40 meters
5.Caspian Sea, Europe -28 meters
6.Lake Eyre, Australia -16 meters
7.Antarctica (ice covered) -2,538 meters
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          Registration        

          10.09 Sun (calendar)        
S U N D A Y
October 9, 2011
Merl Reagle


[Note: This is the puzzle that appears in the Sunday L.A. Times newspaper. If you don't get the paper, you can find the puzzle here. Scroll down to see today's syndicated puzzle.]


Theme: "Surprise Endings" — Each theme answer is a movie title with it's last letter changed to a different letter.

Theme answers:

  • 17A: Song about Astaire's arrival? (BORN FRED). [free]
  • 22A: Steve Martin in his early days? (THE SINGING NUT). [nun]
  • 28A: What forensic shows take a close look at? (THE INSIDES). [insider]
  • 40A: New reality show about celebs on a pig farm? (THE STINK). [sting]
  • 45A: How you know that it's St. Patrick's Day in kindergarten? (THE GREEN MILK). [mile]
  • 60A: Bite-size fast food? (LITTLE BIG MAC). [man]
  • 63A: Knight with bad table manners? (IVANHOG). [hoe]
  • 69A: Mechanical bull for the kids? (ROBO-COW). [cop]
  • 76A: The Big Bang Theory, in German? (DAS BOOM). [boot]
  • 80A: The Easy-Bake, for one? (STARTING OVEN). [over]
  • 92A: Elvis's least favorite nickname? (MEMPHIS BELLY). [belle]
  • 96A: Item in a maternity ward gift shop? (TOY STORK). [story]
  • 109A: Mad magazine version of a De Niro movie? (TAXI DRIVEL). [driver]
  • 120A: What Beano is? (FOR ME AND MY GAS). [gal]
  • 126A: What stockings are called in Indiana? (HOOSIERY). [hoosiers]
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Everything — 1A: Detroit's contribution to mag. revenues (CAR ADS); 7A: Like The Who's Tommy (DEAF); 11A: Herpetology subject (ASP); 14A: Epiphany moment (AHA); 17A: Song about Astaire's arrival? (BORN FRED); 19A: Big marine mammal (ORCA); 20A: Nav. rank (CPO); 21A: Oomph (VIM); 22A: Steve Martin in his early days? (THE SINGING NUT); 24A: "Rashomon" star's first name (TOSHIRO); 26A: With 27 Across, excelled in (WAS); 27A: See 26 Across (GOOD AT); 28A: What forensic shows take a close look at? (THE INSIDES); 30A: "Hang ___ your hats" (ONTO); 32A: Put down (DEMEAN); 34A: Foam alternative (GEL); 35A: John Elroy Sanford, casually (REDD); 39A: "Of this ___ certain" (I AM); 40A: New reality show about celebs on a pig farm? (THE STINK); 45A: How you know that it's St. Patrick's Day in kindergarten? (THE GREEN MILK); 50A: Dict. abbr. (OBS.); 51A: Finish (a parking lot) (TAR); 52A: "___ you ready?" (ARE); 53A: "Teacher's Pet" star (GABLE); 54A: Michael Moore documentary (SICKO); 56A: "This ___ sudden!" (IS SO); 57A: Unrevealing skirt (MAXI); 59A: Wrigley's field? (GUM); 60A: Bite-size fast food? (LITTLE BIG MAC); 63A: Knight with bad table manners? (IVANHOG); 65A: Store-hours word (TIL); 66A: Actress Wray (FAY); 67A: Film unit (REEL); 68A: Painter Vermeer (JAN); 69A: Mechanical bull for the kids? (ROBO-COW); 71A: Hood's lead-spitter (GAT); 72A: Pony provoker (SPUR); 74A: Bonehead (OAF); 75A: Horn with keys (SAX); 76A: The Big Bang Theory, in German? (DAS BOOM); 80A: The Easy-Bake, for one? (STARTING OVEN); 83A: Nobelist Octavio (PAZ); 84A: With 70 Down, a Rat Packer's story (YES I); 85A: Delilah opposite Victor's Samson (HEDY); 86A: Tiny Pacific nation (NAURU); 87A: "Stop!" follower (THIEF); 89A: Auric and M's creator (IAN); 90A: Cologne conjunction (UND); 91A: Faraday's forte: abbr. (SCI.); 92A: Elvis's least favorite nickname? (MEMPHIS BELLY); 96A: Item in a maternity ward gift shop? (TOY STORK); 99A: Iowa college (COE); 100A: "There is no try" utterer (YODA); 101A: "Gang" preceder (OUR); 102A: Go by, as time (ELAPSE); 105A: Auto or info follower (BAHN); 109A: Mad magazine version of a De Niro movie? (TAXI DRIVEL); 113A: The second kind of, formally (TYPE II); 118A: Try to win over (WOO); 119A: Admission of a sort (SO I LIED); 120A: What Beano is? (FOR ME AND MY GAS); 123A: 66 Across in "King Kong" (ANN); 124A: Friendly intro? (ECO-); 125A: Hefty instrument (TUBA); 126A: What stockings are called in Indiana? (HOOSIERY); 127A: Rule, for short (REG.); 128A: B'way crossers (STS.); 129A: Tennis term, briefly (AD IN); 130A: Not on the level (SLOPED); 1D: Winning Cagney role (COHAN); 2D: "Give it ___!" (A REST); 3D: Hospital VIPs (RN'S); 4D: Doesn't care ___ (A FIG); 5D: Bond foe (DR. NO); 6D: Utah's lily (SEGO); 7D: Iditarod crew (DOG TEAM); 8D: East extension? (-ERN); 9D: Sharp (ACUTE); 10D: Jazzman Earl "___" Hines (FATHA); 11D: When Romeo meets Juliet (ACT I); 12D: Cartoon sea dweller (SPONGE BOB); 13D: Take hold of (POSSESS); 14D: Enthusiastic (AVID); 15D: Choose for a chore (HIRE); 16D: Singer Tori (AMOS); 17D: Stealth bomber (B-TWO); 18D: Sufficed (DID); 23D: Chuck Berry tune (NADINE); 25D: Sword part (HILT); 29D: Respond add-on (-ENT); 31D: Pyromorphite, e.g. (ORE); 33D: New century's start (MMI); 36D: Dinosaur-to-be (EGG); 37D: Last interminably (DRAGON); 38D: Clean (computers) (DEBUG); 41D: Cornball (HOKEY); 42D: Phone ID of a sort (IT'S ME); 43D: Stuffy-sounding (NASAL); 44D: Burger king? (KROC); 45D: Tritt, for short (TRAV); 46D: Gon or gram lead-in (HEXA-); 47D: Popular street tree (ELM); 48D: D-Day landing vessel, commonly (LST); 49D: Small vulpine varmint (KIT FOX); 52D: "What ___, Fort Knox?" (AM I); 55D: Talon (CLAW); 56D: "___ with a little help from my friends" (I GET BY); 58D: Player's sideliner (INJURY); 60D: Bk. depository (LIB.); 61D: "How can ___?" (gambler's query) (I LOSE); 62D: Gershwin and others (IRAS); 64D: Lyricist Lorenz (HART); 65D: True ___ (as expected) (TO FORM); 69D: Prego rival (RAGU); 70D: See 84 Across (CAN); 71D: Town-square structure (GAZEBO); 72D: Pad user (STENO); 73D: Marty's creator (PADDY); 74D: Broadcasting (ON AIR); 76D: Dagwood's dog (DAISY); 77D: Trompe l'___ (OEIL); 78D: Anthem start (O SAY); 79D: Sec's partner? (MIN); 80D: Word in a Kubrick title (SHUT); 81D: Wrong (INCORRECT); 82D: French sight, or a Saturn model (VUE); 83D: Upsilon follower (PHI); 87D: "Look me in ___ ..." (THE EYE); 88D: Bernanke's purview, with "the" (FED); 91D: Hits the books (STUDIES); 93D: Feminist's target: abbr. (MCP); 94D: U.S. male? (POSTMAN); 95D: Testing setting (LAB); 97D: Potting need (SOIL); 98D: Former "Tonight Show" guitarist Eubanks, familiarly (KEV); 103D: ___ message (LEFT A); 104D: For all to hear (ALOUD); 106D: "___, do I have to?" (AW GEE); 107D: Store selfishly (HOARD); 108D: Meddlesome (NOSY); 109D: Pre-1917 bigwig (TSAR); 110D: Tip-top (A-ONE); 111D: Ped ___ (X'ING); 112D: Some promises (I DO'S); 114D: Oom-___ band (PAH); 115D: Slugger Slaughter (ENOS); 116D: Fan club focus (IDOL); 117D: "___ out of it today" (I'M SO); 121D: Diamond stat (RBI); 122D: Yorkie's bark (YIP).
          Nauru Tower        
 ナウル・タワーは名前が示すとおりナウル王国によって開発されました。扇状の筒を形した斬新な建物で全室オーシャンビュー、但し部屋番号末尾01号はリビングルーム正面から「ホクア」が見え、08号は35階以上でないと「1350アラモアナ」が正面に見えてしまいます。02号と07号は1ベッドルーム、その他のお部屋は2ベッドルームタイプ。アラモアナ・ショッピングセンター、ビーチパークとワード・ショッピングセンターまで徒歩圏内。管理費にはケーブルTV、温水代、水道代が含まれています。オートロック。ペット可。 ※フィットネスルームは敷地内に有り別料金となる。
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