Yurt Life         
We are moving into my mom's charming little yurt today!

While waiting for our permanent home to be renovated (which, as it turns out, takes even longer than building a new home) - we've been living semi-nomadic life for close to four months now, about three of them in a yurt.

Life in the yurt is different. There is no way around it (pun intended). For one thing, it provides a round space, that encompasses most of life's functions in one area: cooking, eating, reading, puzzling, snuggling, cat-feeding (an extra duty we've picked up on the way to freedom - not unlike an unwanted pregnancy that you just can't get herself to terminate), office work (whenever my MacBook Air has enough power to work for me - not to mention its battered battery now needs replacement, which turns out to be a HUGE ordeal in the land of milk and honey), Pilates practice, and even occasional entertaining (when it rains even my dear family avoids it like the plague). It's not truly all in one space, because it actually has an annex to the north, with the washroom (including a shower and a compost toilet - a killer combination for dirt and cleanliness), as well as a sleeping den which has beautiful greenery all around it, as it is built from old wooden windows.

That beauty comes with the price of this space being as cold as the outdoors in the winter. In the summer this room is actually a lifesaver, because the yurt collects way too much heat, although it is much better insulated than the sleeping den - even when its skylight is open. We don't have an oven, but were able to pull together delicious and nourishing meals from the two-flamed gas stove, and have even prepared some raw treats for our daily tea parties. To be perfectly frank - mostly, we've been lazy and buying baklava and cookies whenever we are in the vicinity of a bakery - so I am now in the know of where to get good baked goods. I'm sure this knowledge will come in handy in the not so far future, even after we're back to our productive baking life. When it comes to baking, it's always good to have a good back-up plan.

Of course, that did not stop us from being experimental in the kitchen, trying new ingredients such as nigella seed spread and authentic freekeh, which is an amazing way of preparing green wheatberries by burning them off the wheat chaff. The result is a smoky, nutty grain that is delicious and easy to cook (and digest) and really gives unmistakable character to dishes (the one I bought in Canada was actually stale wheat dyed green). More on that in another post!

To sum it up - living in a yurt is "an experience". Just like camping is an experience. In camping terms this is a five star facility. I'm sure with its running water and gas-operated refrigerator it is also considered a luxury in comparison to straw huts in Africa or yurts in the Mongolian steppes. You get the picture. It's an experience. And we're three months into it and can't wait to experience something else.

To lift the edge off the nervous anticipation for proper housing, I've decided to compile a little list of fragrances (both mundane and wearable) that will let you into this experience, even if just a little... This compilation is a random array of fragrance fit for yurt life, even though I imagine most people who choose to live in this humble abode would rather dab some animal fat and cooked cabbage juice behind their ear than any designer's fragrance. Nevertheless, I find the task amusing, and I hope it will make for a fun read.

We are moving into my mom's charming little yurt today! Here is a view of the inside.

I also hope that my mom does not get hurt because apparently in our parts of the world, patience ("Savlanut") is considered a virtue (which very few uphold), and also belongs grammatical to the same root as the word suffering ("Sevel"). And in this part of the world, stating the facts is considered complaining... I'm sure those who choose to live in a yurt or even just stay in it for a short amount of time will thoroughly enjoy it - it is cute, rustic, pretty, calm and completely in tune with nature. You get to experience all the elements - fire (sun), air (wind), water (we have running water, and thankfully also very little of water leakage despite its very temporary feel); and last but not least - you can't get any closer to earth than this. It is a very, very earthy dwelling and you really feel Mother earth's belly as you tickle it with your slippers walking to and fro. Last but not least: nothing compares to coming out of the yurt at night and seeing the clear black skies dotted with bright stars.

Muscs Kublai Khan - for the obvious body odour effect - musk-enhanced unwashed hair and sweaty armpits with hints of rose and aldehydes.

Kiehl's Fig Leaf & Sage - milky herbacous weirdness. It's unusual yet very easy to wear and has a freshness without being boring. It also goes well with the cucumber and parsley scented products we currently have in the house - hand wash, shampoo and conditioner. Something green and clear-smelling yet non pretentious.

Aromatics Elixir - an earthy, big sage scent that is sophisticated yet at the same time rustic enough to wear in the wilderness. Especially grateful for it on cold wintry days.

Arabie - the spice market, sweat and dusty cobblestones - and all the spices I have in storage (and don't have in my kitchen) kvetched into one bottle. Awesome.

Coco Noir - the opposite of yurt life: polished, elegant, artificial and urban. Jasmine, berries and plums, rose, patchouli, musk and vetiver with a a dusting of cocoa.

Poivre Samarkand - because I heard that there are also yurts in Samarkand (Uzbekistan). Can't find any perfume inspired by Mongolia (which is where the yurts supposedly originate). Besides, it's a perfect sprinkle of heat on those chilly nights when the shower runs only boiling water or ice cold ones, and when you step out of the shower it's the same temperatures as outside (not as extreme as in Canada, but 5-11c is cold enough to feel like real winter).

Musc Nomade (Annick Goutal) - I'm picking this one because of the name alone. I remember smelling it very vaguely and that is was vegetal and delicate... Admittedly I'm also too lazy to go digging in my shipping container now and find the little box where I "filed" all my music samples but I'm pretty sure I've only tried it once when I was in Paris.

Tam Dao - if you've ever encountered compost toilet, you know that it's the human equivalent of hamster cage. pine or cedar shavings are used to cover up the mess, and the result is a more subdued version of human waste, that eventually turns into a nice scent of the forest floor. Anyway, this explanation made me think of Tam Dao, which is a fine sandalwood and cedar fragrance and also has some clean smelling musks underneath, to make you forget all the other business.

Tea for Two - We've been enjoying my limited selection of teas that I make a point of finishing off. True to form, we've been brewing lots of chai, which I've been already giving you plenty of recipes for... And of course Hulnejan - the wonderful root brew of galangal, dried ginger and cassia bark.
Zangvil also reminds me of this "witch brew" with its notes of fresh and dried ginger, honey, amber, jasmine and ginger lily.

Finjan - we've been drinking lots of espresso on the stove top mocha machine, and lots of Arabic/Druze/Turkish coffee (each nationality claims it as their own - but essentially this is very dark roasted coffee with cardamom that is brewed on the stove). The latter is well represented in the perfuem I created titled Finjan (the name of the little porcelain "shot" cups that you sip the coffee from; mistakenly, most Israelis refer to the little pot used to brew it as "finjan" - but its real name is "Ralai").

Mastic - Whenever it rains or gets really chilly, the mastica bushes and wild ivy behind the yurt release their fresh, green-balsamic scent. Grin's smell encompasses this verdant freshness with its notes of galbanum, violet, oakmoss and a classic floral bouquet.

Geranium and Wild Oranges - My citrus orchard was overcome by wild orange shoots, and I've really let it go. We finally pruned the orchard this fall, which mean an overwhelming amount of wild oranges that had to be put into use somehow. The result? An orange cello with a touch of herbs from the yurt's garden, among them rose geranium. One sip of this liquor is enough to uplift the spirits.





          The eagle hunters of Kyrgyzstan        

The art of hunting using eagles was introduced into Kyrgyzstan from Mongolia during the time of Genghis Khan. Today there are some fifty men left who continue the tradition, including Talgarbek who came to demonstrate the art with his nine-year-old golden eagle, Tumara.

We were outside the traditional hunting season, as the birds moult in summer and so are left to rest apart from short displays for tourists. In the winter, however, Talgarbek may take his eagle out into the mountains for several days at a time on hunting expeditions. There, her job is to follow her natural instinct and hunt, and his job is to keep an eye on where she is and follow her so as to get a share of the prey. Both animal skins and meat may then be sold to nomads he passes on his route. When “at home” he feeds her (around 600g of fresh meat, usually rabbit) only every second day, as she will not hunt if she is not hungry.

For the display, it is possible to see her kill a live rabbit, but we had been warned that this can be upsetting. Apparently they are tame rabbits brought up by the hunter and his family; the eagle will not hunt/kill when she is hooded and cannot therefore see her prey properly and the rabbits are used to her presence. On a previous display the guide said the rabbit had not even realised it was supposed to run away and so just sat there as the eagle landed until the bird started pecking at it. Not quite the same as seeing an eagle coming down and grabbing a rabbit in its talons and tearing it to pieces, which might be a spectacle worth seeing (given that the eagle has to eat…). So for us he used a fox fur, pulled along the ground by a rope, as the prey. The eagle, left unhooded and free on a rock a little up the mountainside, quickly spotted the fur and swooped down onto it, at which point the hunter ran up, fed her some alternative food (presumably the rabbit!) and removed the fur.

We were each allowed to hold her, by wearing the thick leather glove which she sits on, and when I asked if I could stroke her I was told that was fine. Although she was hooded at the time, it was still quite a thrill to hold such an impressive bird.

Tumara was taken from her nest in a difficult operation requiring climbing ropes, when her flight feathers were just sprouting. At this stage the parents fly off to hunt for several hours at a time, and the young are sufficiently developed to be taken away. There were two young in the nest, a male and female, and Talgarbek chose the female explaining to us that they are easier to train, being less aggressive.

The hunter spends several hours a day with the bird and comes to be seen as the surrogate parent. Indeed that relationship works both ways, as Talgarbek says he will miss her dreadfully when he finally lets her go – that it will be like a daughter leaving home to get married – but that he will have to free her in order to give her the opportunity to find a mate and live out her adult years as a free bird. He will probably keep her until she is about twenty, which will leave her some thirty years of freedom.
 

          Mongolia. Again.        
Do they need any introduction? These are my favorite images of today's slide archiving session.










































This one's my grandfather, Malcolm McKenna. He's was a rugged old dinosaur, wasn't he?










          Mongolian Dinosaurs!        
As my grandparents travelled along the Terelj road in Mongolia, they came upon a sight that my paleontologist grandfather never believed he would see. Dinosaurs scouring the Mongolian slopes for prey!



Oh oops...I guess they're fake. Damn.

          Slides of Mongolia        




My grandparents spent six summers in Mongolia, and every trip the took 200+ slides, which I have been virtually archiving since my grandfather passed away last spring. The process itself is very time consuming, but he happy upshot of all this time scanning and labeling is that I get to witness the steppe and the Gobi through the eyes of my grandparents.

The steppe, barren and immense:

The car, submerged and stuck:

The Mongolian horsemen, probably rather entertained by the stuck car:

Horsemen again, getting bored of having their picture taken:

The horsemen decide that they should, perhaps, help out the silly stuck Americans:

One is not enough, more are called in to the murky depths:

The goat they just cooked with a blow torch, looking a lot like the goat they just cooked with a blow torch:

          Stash and UFO's        
I did manage to finish one of my UFO's but I am still working on the blanket for #2 son. I had so much to knit while this was going on, like the 2ply Baby Christening Gown, which is beautiful. Would I do another one - maybe after I do a Baby shawl in fine yarn.

I didn't buy any yarn, except for the 3 balls of 2ply for the Baby Christening Gown, which was for the Wollongong Stitch N Bitch Annual Exhibition held in April.

I am still slowly knitting away at my stash, I will get some pure wool soon to knit for the Guardian Pharmacy Charity as these go to extrememly cold countries like Mongolia, other than that I really want to get the stash off my floor so I can go and buy new beautiful yarns, expecially from CRK Daisy Design's Shop at Fairy Meadow (NSW Australia - a suburb of the City of Wollongong).

Over the last few months watching how everyone did, it is amazing how beautiful the knitting is that people all over the world are doing. Congratulations to all of you, it is so nice to check out what you are knitting and what you are knitting with.
          My 10 Least Favorite Things About Living and Teaching in Korea        
I've got a week left here in Korea before I go home to start grad school and say goodbye to the Sparkling Hermit Kingdom of Morning Calm for good. I've lived and taught here for two years, and it has been wonderful and terrible, glorious and excruciating, boring and exciting, eye opening and let-me-just-tune-out-the-world-and-watch-television-for-weeks-on-end.

I thought I'd finish out the year with two last posts: my ten favorite things about living here and my ten least favorite things. So that we end on a positive note, here are ten things that I have found consistently, repeatedly, powerfully annoying.

10. "Hello! Howareyou! Whereareyoufrom!" This is at the bottom of the list because in slightly modified form, it can actually be nice. When I pass an ajuma and her 4 year old granddaughter and the ajuma smiles and tells her granddaughter to say hello, it's really sweet. When I'm in the right mood, it can make me smile for a bunch of middle school girls to get over themselves and say hello and then giggle for fifteen seconds. But when I pass a group of college aged boys (or grown men!) across the street and one yells out "whereareyoufrom!" and the others start laughing uproariously, that's annoying.

9. Auto exhaust. I like to run and I walk everywhere, so I spend a lot of time "with" cars, trucks and scooters. I don't know what it is that our exhaust tests in the states get off the road, but the majority of autos here put out a foul, noxious gas that I'm sure is just destroying my lungs. Of course the tractors and scooters are even worse.

8. Sewers rising. Again, I don't know what they've done in the US to prevent the smells of sewers from rising into the streets, but they certainly haven't figured it out here. The national dish is kimchi -- rotting (er, sorry, fermenting) cabbage with garlic, fish sauce, shrimp paste and chilies. Unfortunately, that's what everyone shits and it smells even worse than you would imagine.

7. Fan death and other insanity. A lot of Koreans (maybe a majority. really. even doctors.) think that if you sleep with a fan on in your room you will die. A lot of Koreans also think that Korea is the pinnacle of culture and accomplishment. Logic here is... to be culturally sensitive, I'll say different, though having studied symbolic logic, I feel pretty comfortable saying it's just either missing or gets beat out by antiquated cultural beliefs. Ignorance and delusion are everywhere.

6. Logistical challenges. A lot of things are a lot harder in a foreign country. Often to buy something, I have to ask a Korean friend for help. I'm not going to miss feeling like a retarded four year old.

5. Volume and style of speech. Korean men are much worse than the women on this, though plenty of women are plenty annoying as well. Fresh from the west, you would honestly think a discussion on where to go to lunch was a boiling blood feud. Koreans love to eat and drink outside (which I love), and there's a nice spot just below my apartment window (which I don't love). For hours on end two women will sit pouring soju (the Korean version of sake, except it's vile) for men talking and yelling and interrupting and gesticulating at volumes I thought impossible. No time of day or location is off limits for this manner of communication.

4. Confucianism. Confucius mapped out social relationships to try to produce social harmony (the ultimate goal of Confucianism) in any situation. According to Confucianism, the younger, female or lower status should be deferential and obedient, which often seems more like meek and unquestioning. I think social harmony is an admiral goal, and I think deference and humility are lacking in westerners, but the rigid way Confucianism operates in modern Korea creates manifold problems. As my coteacher (a 31 year old woman) said when she learned we wouldn't be having a retirement party for our principal (a 64 year old man) because the government found out he has been stealing money from the school, "Why does he still have job? If I am stealing, I don't have job one more day!"

3. The staring. Maybe now I know what it's like to be a gorgeous woman. No, not the same. I am stared at constantly. This was less true (though still common) in the big city, but in this rural little town, I'd say around half of the people I see on the streets just fix their gaze on me. I almost always look back, try to summon compassion and acknowledge them. Maybe one in ten gives me a nice smile and bows back (usually the older women), the rest look away until I've stopped looking at them, and then fix their stare right back on me. What really makes this hard is what's behind the stare:

2. Xenophobia. Korea has long been called the Hermit Kingdom and with good reason. Throughout its existence, Korea has had to fight off domination from China and empires of the Japanese, Mongolians and others. Even in modern times, Korea has remained remarkably isolated. Besides the utter unfamiliarity with anything not-Korean, there is also a deep (and historically valid) antipathy toward foreigners. I once asked three wealthy, cosmopolitan middle school students from Busan if they would allow their children to marry foreigners and all three said absolutely not. I have received a tremendous amount of kindness and welcome from Koreans, but with a few notable exceptions, there is always an element of my being not quite the same, not quite human. What I'm about to write is completely unfair -- there are so many differences and what I have faced here doesn't even enter into the same arena -- but living here has given me emotional insight into what it must have been (and be) like to be black in many times and places in the United States.

1. Missing events and holidays at home. All of the above end when I leave in a week. But one of my best friends got married this summer, and I missed two Christmases with my family, and those are gone forever. I wouldn't trade the experiences I've had for those that I missed, but without exception, the hardest days here have been the days I have most wanted to be home.


What do you think waegookin seonsaengnim... what would you have included that I've left out?
          Teaching English in Korea Interview        
I was recently asked to provide an interview about my experience teaching in Korea, my decision to move to Korea, stereotypes of English teachers in Asia, culture shock and cultural assimilation, EPIK, and some other general stuff about my experience teaching English in Korea. I thought I would go ahead and provide the interview here. I hope you find it helpful. There may be a follow up interview in the future, if so I'll post that as well.


----- Why did you first decide to move to Korea? Had you had previous
experience? Did you know others who had traveled to Korea before
deciding to relocate there? Please describe your decision making
process.

My decision to come here was very circumstantial. I was working as a research scientist in the US and was dating a Canadian when my grant got canceled and I was out of work. We didn't have a good way to be together in either of our countries, and she had friends who had paid off significant portions of their student loans teaching in Korea, so we started looking into it. We considered Taiwan most seriously as an alternative, but in the end the ease of the offers in Korea -- airfare paid, apartment ready when you get here -- and the excellent pay (at that time, in 2005, the exchange rate was about 40% better than it is now) lured us here. I had one friend that had taught in Japan with JET and had a decent experience but left before the end of the year. I read a lot about teaching in Korea before I came, espeically on forums.eslcafe.com/korea, which presents a particularly negative side of teaching here, but we decided to come anyway.


----- Was the process of moving different than what you expected? What
everyday difficulties, if any, do you encounter living in a foreign
country?

The process of moving was very easy and more-or-less what I expected. The shock of landing in a very foreign country was intense. I had never been outside of N. America before, and Korea is very different than home. Jet lag was severe, and I remember on our second night there we went out to eat, at an Italian restaurant of all places, and after being out for an hour or two, my energy just plummeted. I didn't know how I was going to make it back to the apartment. I think our minds have a filtering system that keeps us sane by blocking most of the massive amount of information that constantly surrounds us. It filters that which is the same, usual, because we don't need to be aware of that. But suddenly in a Korean city, nothing is usual, so the mind is very easily overloaded. You ask about culture shock later, but let me say here, I think there are two seperate events that are labeled as culture shock, and they are very different. There is the experience I just described, which was very intense for just a few hours on the first few nights, mostly just lasted a few days and fades away entirely with a week or two. Then there is another experience that sets in around 3 or 4 or 6 months into living in a foreign culture, when the novelty has worn off, and things get really hard. I talk about this at length in a blog post, here.


----- I know there has been a stereotype of inexperienced Americans and
Canadians going to foreign countries and working very briefly, using
the job as a means to pay for a vacation. Do you think this is still
the case? There also has been a history of foreigners being lured to
countries like Korea (or Thailand) with promises of great jobs and
money only to be met with disappointing living and working conditions.
Has this practice changed? What opinions do you have regarding
both sides of this complicated relationship between teachers and
recruiters? Do you think EPIK has changed this in Korea?

I don't know how qualified I am to speak generally about this, especially since I haven't lived in Seoul, and that's where the vast majority of foreigners are (that was even more true before the government's recent push to put native english speakers in every public school in the country). But here are some thoughts.

Yes, people use it as a way to get away from home, as an escape. The reality is that living and working here comes with a huge load of challenges. I don't want to say it's harder, that would depend on specific circumstances at home and here, but it's definitely hard. I don't know a single foreigner here that would disagree with that. And while I think Korea rightly has a reputation for being particularly difficult, I've heard similar complaints about Thailand, Japan, China, etc.. So if this job has a reputation for being an easy way to take a vacation, I think that's undeserved. I think we earn every won we make.

I had read a lot about people showing up and being given moldy, rat-filled apartments. I think that has always been a tiny, if highly vocal, minority, and even more so now as the arrangement has become more widespread and communication between foreigners living here and thinking about coming here has increased. That said, people definitely do get screwed from time to time. Hagwons, the private, after-school tutoring centers that outside of EPIK employ almost all of the foreign English teachers, are intensely for-profit, and every won saved on a foreigner is a won of profit for the owner. I worried a lot about what would happen at the end of my hagwon contract, because at the end of a contract foreigners generally receive a month's pay, a bonus month's pay called severance, approximately a month's pay from contributions the boss should have been making each month to the national pension fund that can be withdrawn as a lump sum by foreigners leaving the country, and return airfare home. That adds up to about 7 million won for most foreigners. In the end, I did get nearly everything I was owed, with a hundred thousand or two won, but I felt like if the boss had thought he could have pushed me around, he probably would have.

Recruiters are driven by profit motivation too, and they understand how few recourses a foreigner has once they have moved here. So I think it's terribly important for foreigners to get references for their recruiter and their hagwon before they sign a contract. With EPIK this is much less true because the contract is standardized and there isn't the same profit motivation present in public schools. EPIK is far from perfect, and there are plenty of complaints among my friends and I about the program, but it is much more secure than a hagwon gig.


----- Have you experienced significant "culture shock" as a foreigner in Korea?

Yes, see answer 2.

----- To what degree do you think it's important to assimilate to the
culture you are living in?

Again, I'm not sure how qualified I am, because I haven't ever assimilated into a foreign culture. Note that the vast, vast majority of foreigners living here don't assimilate to any noticeable degree. I suspect those that have would say that it's both difficult and important. I think it's particularly difficult in Korea, because Korea has a history of fending off foreign invasions (surrounded as have been, historically, by empires: Japanese, Mongolian, Chinese, etc.) and that has informed their culture around the treatment of foreigners. For a more thorough treatment of this, see Korea Unmasked, which is written by a Korean. I think xenophobia is common here, as is fetishization of foreigners. Racism is, I think, less common, but prevalent as well.

On a lighter note, learning some simple aspects of the language: the "alphabet," food, numbers, taxi directions, etc. is hugely helpful, and new arrivals should learn that stuff ASAP.


----- I know EPIK views their native English speakers as assistants to
the regular English teachers, do you think using native English
speakers is beneficial when teaching English?

It's true that we are titled Assistant Teachers. What this means in practice varies widely from province to province, county to county, school to school, and especially from elementary to middle to high schools. My understanding is that in elementary schools foreigners are often treated more like assistants, with Korean teachers planning the lessons and incorporating foreigners to degrees ranging from not at all (I had one coteacher, who I taught 4 hours a week with last semester, with whom I would literally sit in a student's chair, in front of the class, facing the class, which he taught, and often not say a word. I eventually started bringing books into class and sat there reading.) to true coteaching, where the teaching role is passed back and forth. There are also situations in elementary schools where the Korean teacher feels embarrassed about their English in front of a foreigner, or is just lazy, and has the foreigner do all of the lesson planning and teaching. This can be good for everyone, if the Korean stays engaged with the class to keep Korean norms around discipline and respect in order. If, as many do, the Korean sits silently in the back of the class or even walks out, it can be very frustrating. It is extremely difficult to teach beginners of a language without a common language, especially children, with their constantly ambling attention. This alone is sufficient for me to recommend EPIK over hagwons to incoming teachers -- in EPIK you have a coteacher, in hagwons you don't.

I think it could be valuable to use native teachers, and in many cases I think it is. But the systems to make it properly and be of real benefit to the students haven't been put in place yet. This initiative to have native English speakers in every school is very young, and they are still learning how it should be done. So, as with the example I mentioned above, it often ends up being worthless for the students, and I think very frequently is of marginal value. I think a native speaker is most valuable as a teacher to advanced language learners, and those aren't primary and secondary students in Korea. With the right sort of co-teaching, I think it can be valuable. It brings a new pedagogy to language learning in Korea, which I think is sorely needed. I think it may be most valuable in diminishing xenophobia. There are now foreigners in every town in the country, and every student will grow up knowing at least 12 different foreigners. It's an extremely expensive cultural reform, but I foresee it opening up Korea quite a bit, and Korea has been a rather closed culture. When I left Korea last time, I took a ferry over to China, and the first Chinese person that I spent any time with told me that he thought culturally, "Korea is more [traditional] Chinese than China."

----- What are some of the benefits of teaching overseas as opposed to
teaching in your home country? What are the negative aspects?

This is a huge question. I think most of the benefits come from living abroad, and after that working abroad, the actually teaching abroad, in my opinion, has marginal benefits.

For teaching, that it is easier to get into comes to mind. Anyone with a bachelors degree can get a job in Korea. It is also an easier job for most people, but this is balanced by it being harder to live and work here. The negative aspects of working here are primarily that you might not have much control over your curriculum if you teach in a public school, and you might not have much control over (or ability to communicate with) your students if you teach in a hagwon.

A lot is made about the potential to save money here, and I think it is misunderstood. A typical job here, and this includes probably 95%+ of the jobs here pays between 2.0 - 2.3 million won per month. In addition, your airfare to and from Korea is taken care of and apartment (minus utilities) is furnished and paid for. Income tax is much more progressively structured in Korea than in the US, so at these income levels, the tax rate is 3.3%, and in public schools there is a two-year exemption from even that. Health care is socialized and costs about 50,000 won/month for coverage and makes visits to the doctor/dentist/pharmacy extremely cheap. Add to that the fact that, outside of Seoul, there isn't a lot for foreigners to spend money on. Restaurants are cheap, public transportation is excellent, and most of us don't want to accumulate much stuff, because we have to get rid of it or find a way to get it home in a year or two, and desirable entertainment options are scarce. So, 2.2 million won isn't that much money (about $1600 right now) for a month's work, but some expenses are covered by employer, some are minimized by the policies of the Korean Government, and others just aren't present here.

The benefits of living and working abroad are significant, and I think under appreciated and misunderstood. Much has been made of President Obama having lived in many different cultures and his penchant for surrounding himself with advisors that have also lived in other cultures. People that have left their home for an extend period of time develop a different way of looking at the world. I think this comes from having the beliefs that are operant in your home society (which we don't notice because they are omnipresent) challenged. That leads people to have more nuanced perspectives that are less based on the beliefs that are instilled by our culture's stories. Leaving the culture you were raised in, even temporarily, is -- must be -- an eye opening experience. A friend asked me recently what made me come back to Korea when I had many grievances about my first year here. I told him that I felt like a transformation had started in my first year that I needed to continue and couldn't at home -- that by removing myself from the shared beliefs, common assumptions and homogeny of the society I grew up in, I was forced to look more closely at the people and events around me and deliver my own conclusions, because I couldn't rest on the beliefs I had picked up by osmosis at home. I also had to redefine myself, because those around me didn't see me through the same cultural lens I had always been seen. Those processes are extremely trying, and I think they are generates the culture shock that emerges after a few months of living in a foreign culture. Really living in a foreign culture is probably the only way to experience it. When one travels, one is not immersed in a culture the same way one is when they are, for example, working in a foreign culture. So that's a benefit and a negative aspect. I believe it is hugely important, and it's why I am here now in spite of the intense frustration and frequent loneliness. Well, that and student loans. And the food. And the proximity to Southeast Asia.

One last thing I'll mention is a certain sense of freedom that comes with living here. I think it is related to the redefinition I just wrote about at length, in that it comes from a lack of understanding between you and those around you, which comes from a lack of shared cultural stories/assumptions. But knowing that no one really gets you, and no one can, is frighteningly liberating. And not understanding what that 15 year old is talking about on her cellphone can be pretty nice too.
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          10 Most Unintentionally Terrifying Statues        

10 most unintentionally terrifying statues


As anyone who has ever dicked around with Play-Doh knows, sculpting is fucking hard: If you aspire to create anything but crude dongs, the level of planning and technical skill it takes to bring a passable statue into existence is downright insane. With this in mind, you'd assume that talented statue folks use their power to create wonders, which is precisely what some of them do.

However, there are ... others. Time and time again, we keep bumping into statues that prove that a whole bunch of sculptors are clearly using every single ounce of their talent to troll the world as hard as they possibly can.

#10. Verity -- Devon, Great Britain

Matt Cardy/Getty Images News/Getty Images
If you feel like punching a wall whenever you see the words "modern art," chances are it's because you've seen the works of Damien Hirst. He's the dude behind famous, critically esteemed works such as Isn't That Just a Fucking Shark in a Formaldehyde Tank? and Who the Hell Tries to Sell a Diamond-Covered Fake Skull for $84 Million? As such, he's probably the last person in existence who should be allowed to decorate things like, say, the piers of quaint small towns.
At least that's what someone must have said a few years ago, because right on cue, a small English town called Ilfracombe stood up and said: "Hey, have you guys noticed that we're a quaint small town? Wouldn't that Damien Hirst dude be the perfect guy to decorate our pier?"
And that, dear reader, is why the world now has Verity: a giant 2013 sculpture of a half-flayed pregnant woman that looks for all the world like a prop from Hannibal. This 66-foot bronze "allegory for truth and justice" stands facing the sea with a stance that's less "welcome to our little English town" and more "I'm going to punch the very concept of your spleen if you dock." Oh, and it's also brandishing a sword that's as big as the rest of the statue.
Matt Cardy/Getty Images News/Getty Images
On a positive note, ain't no one going to invade them by sea in a hurry.

#9. The Giant Lamp -- Malmo, Sweden

In the Swedish city of Malmo, there is a light that never goes out. Too bad said light comes in the form of a giant-ass table lamp that switches spots seemingly at will and whispers to passersby in a broken, not-quite-Swedish subliminal language of mayhem:

"Ia! Ia! R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn bork bork bork!"
The Giant Lamp of Malmo is a 19-foot inexplicably popular sculpture that tours the squares of the city as the year progresses, only to return to its headquarters at Lilla Torg Square for Christmas. The words "ritual" and "blood" don't feature in the description, but considering that this is a country that habitually pulls a (hopefully mostly Nic Cage-less) Wicker Man with a giant goat sculpture most Christmastimes, it's pretty safe to assume they're heavily implied.

#8. The Enema Statue -- Zheleznovodsk, Russia

The Russian town of Zheleznovodsk is famed for its iron-rich mineral springs, and the many wonderful spas that bring this miracle of nature to the people. As such, it was no surprise that the town wanted to honor the source of their wealth with a statue dedicated to the specialty of Zheleznovodsk spa culture: the enema.
Via Jaunted
They used to have a statue of a douche, but it attracted too many pickup artists.
Shaped as a massive rectal bulb syringe held aloft by Botticcellian cherubs, this bronze sculpture greets the visitors near the gates of the town's largest spa. Sadly, the story doesn't elaborate on whether said spa has had a single visitor since this loving homage was erected.

#7. Man Hanging Out -- Prague, Czech Republic

So you're walking the historic streets of Prague, enjoying the fine spring weather, and suddenly your gaze lands on a worrying sight. Holy shit, there's a dude hanging for dear life from a beam that's inexplicably dangling from a rooftop! Uncertain of whether you're witnessing a scene in a James Bond movie or a tragic situation just a few minutes away from ending up as sidewalk splatter, you spring into action and call the authorities.
A few minutes later, a cop strolls over and gives you an enthusiastic slap over the head. Congratulations! You've just become the 367th person this month alone to let Prague's sculpture of Sigmund Freud fool you.
Via Bestourism
It's called Man Hanging Out, because lame puns are the only thing Prague loves more than scaring people.
Apart from routinely confusing the shit out of first-time visitors to Prague, Man Hanging Out is a representation of Freud's struggle with his phobias and fear of mortality. It's also the work of famous Czech artist/troll David Cerny, who is rapidly turning into something of a personal nemesis: No matter how I promise myself I'll avoid him this time, his work just keeps popping up every time I do one of these articles. In fact, let's take this thing somewhere there's no way of bumping into his work whatsoever. Say ... Australia.

#6. The Big Lobster -- Kingston, South Australia

Aaaaaahhhhh! That is not better at all!
Australia has the virtual monopoly on creatures that can scar our mental and physical capacities merely by saying "Boo." The thing you may not know is that somewhere down the line the continent apparently just said "screw it" and started building giant effigies for all creatures great and small that may or may not be able to murder them in some manner, up to and very much including pineapples.
The Big Lobster is the king of said statues. It's a massive construct 59 feet tall, 45 feet wide, and 50 feet long that depicts what is either a lobster or a hitherto unknown kaiju species that Australia has thus far been able to hide from the rest of the world in order to keep luring tourists in, much like Mayor Vaughn did in Jaws.
Riana Dzasta
The locals call it Larry, which is Australian for "Sir."

#5. The Hare -- Nuremberg, Germany

The last time you and your sweet grandmother visited the cultured city of Nuremberg didn't go quite as planned, as the local "Fountain of Virtue" turned out to be the sort of lactation frenzy most niche porn companies could only hope to deliver. This time, you've decided to play it safe. Apart from strictly PG-rated galleries and churches, your only point of interest is going to be the sculpture made in honor of Grandma's favorite painting, Albrecht Durer's The Young Hare:
Via Wikipedia
Awwww.
There's no way you could go wrong with this one. Sure of yourself, you stop to pat yourself on the back for your choice, letting Grandma limp ahead to the plaza that serves as home to the Hare:
Via Cuniculture
Ewwww.
God dammit, Nuremberg. What did the bunny ever do to you?

#4. Floralis Generica -- Buenos Aires, Argentina

Quick: What's worse than a 75-foot steel statue that looks like the doomsday weapon of a Bond villain? That's right, a 75-foot doomsday statue that moves.
Floralis Generica is a giant 23-meter-tall metal flower/murder beam pedestal that was built and donated to the city of Buenos Aires by architect Eduardo Catalano. Its giant steel petals open and close, depending on the time of day. During the dark hours, the sculpture emits an ominous red light that is supposed to appear comforting, but is clearly just waiting to blast passing superheroes out of the sky.
Via ChessBase
If there's not an evil lair under this thing yet, I'm calling dibs.
The artist says the sculpture "is a synthesis of all the flowers and is both a hope that is reborn every day to open," which we can only assume is the code phrase for opening the door of the giant vault underneath Floralis Generica that controls its death ray.

#3. Transi de Rene de Chalon -- Bar-le-Duc, France

When you're visiting a random church in a small village in Northern France, you expect to see the stuff you see in most old churches: crosses, paintings, a few statues of saints ... that sort of thing. That's precisely what you'll see in Bar-le-Duc's Saint-Etienne church. Well, that and a fucking zombie monster, just gleefully hanging about in a place of honor, arm raised to meet the sky like the world's cheesiest Shakespearean actor.
This statue is the memorial of Rene de Chalon, a 16th century prince, who had a hunch he'd die in his 20s (it was a turbulent time) and made a special request to be depicted this way postmortem. Local history books do their level best to write this off as an artistic choice meant to represent "doing right by God even after death." However, let's be honest here: The dude was a wealthy 20-something -- there's no way this was anything but a particularly inspired trolling idea someone in his entourage came up with at 4 a.m.

#2. Genghis Khan -- Mongolia

heckepics/iStock/Getty Images
Last week was full of weeding, cleaning up the yard, getting the water turned on, fixing any leaks, a funeral, a scout camp, some homemaking and lots of sunshine and a snowstorm in between.


Ryan worked really hard in the yard and got it ready to get our wall finished and to put some gravel down by the driveway. We hope to put cement one day but for now gravel should help with the mud and weeds. I spent some time weeding my flower/herb bed and Matt got the sprinklers turned on and any broken pipes fixed. There wasn't too much to fix mainly just a dripper to one of our apple trees that Ryan had stepped on and broke when he was tilling the garden.



I was able to preserve some lemons this weekend! I follow a recipe from the Lacto-Fermenting course that is part of Traditional Cooking School. It was super easy and I'm excited to see how they turn out. They need to set for about a month then they will be ready to use. The cool thing is that they keep this way for a really long time. A great way to use up the abundance of lemons that I had!

My cousin Mike passed away last week after a very long fight with Huntington's Disease. It was a beautiful service.

 It was so nice to see and visit with so many loved ones. This is me with my Sisters, my dear cousin and he beautiful daughters.


Me with my Sisters and more cousins! I only wish I had been able to stay longer and catch up a bit more with the many wonderful people I just don't see often enough.





My Weekly Meal Plan

Monday:
Lentil Soup

Tuesday:
Chimmys

Wednesday:
Hawaiian Haystacks 

Thursday:
Nachos Supreme My Way

Friday:
Artichoke Tomato Alfredo

Saturday:
Leftovers

Sunday:
Mongolian BBQ







          The Diversity of MOOCs and the Dangers of Over-Generalization        
A lot of academic criticism of MOOCs derives from the fear that small, private online courses (SPOCs) open only to fee paying students, but based on MOOCs offered by “superstar” online professors, will replace local faculty, especially in lower tier institutions. Low-paid contingent faculty and teaching assistants (or worse, software programs and auto-graders) will then handle the heuristic teaching and grading, leaving fee paying students without expert human guidance. This is the "MOOCs will Destroy Higher Education as we Know It" argument. 
If you carry the hierarchical, every-student-for-themselves assumptions inherent in an xMOOC into the future you will never escape the reasons why so many caring educators oppose MOOCs in the first place. . . The problem with MOOCs isn’t the name. It’s not even the components of the acronym. The problem with MOOCs is that they’re being designed to create low-quality, hierarchical courses that can be championed by unscrupulous administrators to fire caring professors and leave unsuspecting students to fend entirely for themselves.
 Rees appears to be arguing here against SPOCs, not MOOCs. But let’s take up that part of his argument directed nominally against MOOCs. Rees says:
Cosmetic changes will not solve (MOOC quality) problems. Only re-thinking the entire xMOOC experience from the ground up will have even the slightest chance of creating something worthwhile.
The initial bother here is Rees’s false choice between merely “cosmetic” changes vs. “rethinking MOOCs from the ground up”. Rees’s dualism neglects that middle ground of actual or potential positive developments within the existing x-MOOC framework. Rees would almost certainly know about these if he took a break from general critique to explore particular MOOCs.  I’ll turn to this task below.
We can dismiss Rees’ unsupported claim about what MOOC designers intend.  Have x-MOOCs been “designed to create low quality courses”. On the contrary, their designers seek to create high quality courses, as they understand them, with instruction better than they perceive to be today’s norm. Indeed Anant Agarwal has made it the highest priority of edX to use the huge data sets available in computerized courses with tens or hundreds of thousands of students to improve instruction and learning. MOOCs may nonetheless be low quality courses, of course, but that is another question and would have to be addressed on the basis of relevant criteria of value.   
Have MOOCs been “designed to suit the needs of unscrupulous administrators?”  This ids another unsupported claim. Agarwal, Koller, Ng and the other platform executive have had quite different aims – to scale up instruction and make quality higher education globally available. While this may also result in substitution of technology for labor in the university, it hardly follows that that was the intended result, and in any case is not a critique of MOOC instruction itself. It is no critique of a hammer that an imbecile can use it to bash in someone’s head. It might nonetheless be a very good hammer.
Evaluating Particular MOOCs
So let’s consider the tasks of instruction in actual MOOCs. 
Instruction in courses typically involves three inter-acting dimensions: didactic, discursive and heuristic. The didactic dimension conveys knowledge through lectures and textbook readings; the discursive facilitates understandingthrough discussion and critical feedback; the heuristic shapes skills through drill and practice.  
In a geometry unit, for example, the didactic component may present basic concepts such as line, plane, axiom or proof; the discursive component may provide opportunities for discussion of e.g., proof strategies; the heuristic component may provide multiple opportunities to e.g., determine the area or perimeter of figures, to invent proofs, or to construct bi-sections of line segments.  In a literature unit, the didactic may convey background knowledge on the author, genre or period, the discursive may provide opportunities for guided interpretive and critical discussions of a selected story, and the heuristic may provide opportunities to use strategies of analysis, e.g., to locate the protagonist, the central conflict, and the dénouement.  
Good instruction, whether in a classroom or a MOOC, provides for the development and integration of knowledge, understanding and skill. It aims to engage students into worthwhile activities and practices by melding “I know,” and “I understand,” with “I can do.” When we think in general terms about the evaluation of particular MOOCs, we want to ask how well these instructional dimensions can be handled through computer software. 
Rees and other academic critics have condemned MOOCs as in effect using the best of 21stcentury technology to deliver the worst of 19th century instruction. The lectures, they claim, consist of videotaped talking heads. The discussion boards are useless and riddled with spam and flame wars. The problem sets are repetitive, trivial, and exhausting. In short, MOOCs are poor tools for didactic, discursive, and heuristic dimensions of instruction.
But is this critique justified? I will consider each of the three dimensions of instruction, with specific examples from well-known MOOCs.
(1) Didactic Instruction. While MOOC critics may wish to portray live classroom instruction as akin to Mark Hopkins dialoguing with a few students on a log, the reality is generally quite different: faculty members serving up uninspiring lectures to halls full of disengaged students. If talking heads are the problem, academic critics are in no position to pin the blame on MOOCs.
MOOC presentations, however, are not in general talking heads. On the contrary, MOOC presentations are an entirely new form of pedagogical experience. The large data sets and the rich data trails of computerized instruction have enabled researchers to explore new questions, such as the optimum length for lecture segments, and the most effective way of articulating them with readings and problem sets. Research suggests that 6 minutes is optimal. MOOCs now typically break up brief lecture segments with problem sets and free-response questions. Lecture segments are supplemented with interviews, clips from panels at research conferences, interviews with other scholars, research presentations by graduate students, and on-site videos of knowledge use in ‘real-world’ settings. While a single instructor inevitably gives his course subject matters a personal twist, MOOCs offer unique opportunities for presenting multiple points of view.
JonathanHaber, who constructed a complete college education in the humanities– in asingle year - from MOOCs, and thus knows as much about actual MOOCs as any commentator, states:  
MOOCs are often criticized for just transferring a “sage on stage” pedagogy from the lectern to the computer screen, scaling up the worst aspects of oversized lecture classes. But as my year of MOOCs went on, I saw a new visual language developing, as single talking heads were supplemented (or replaced entirely) with conversations among colleagues (the visual style of one of my favorite courses: HarvardX’s   "The Ancient Greek Hero") interviews with experts, on-location shots, and even on-screen performances. Such creativity helped to make lectures one of the most engaging and, ironically, intimate components of massive online courses, while also raising the bar for all other forms of online learning (most of it far duller than your average MOOC).
At their best, MOOC presentations are as engaging as the best television news magazine programs. And this is not surprising, as the universities providing the best MOOCs are investing in cutting-edge production studios and hiring media professionals. The best MOOC presentations are more like segments of “60 minutes” than talking heads.  We may question whether producing “edutainment” of this sort is the best use of scarce institutional funds, but that is another question entirely, and one that completely undercuts the “talking head” line of attack.
(2) Discussion and Feedback. Let’s acknowledge that the MOOC discussion boards are far from adequate substitutes for live discussion.  Even some of the most supportive MOOC commentators have found them to have little value. The good news is that the discursive segments of many MOOCs have moved well beyond the discussion boards to live conversations in physical or virtual spaces.  
Coursera has sponsored “meet-ups” – where students in their MOOCs can get together for course discussion - in dozens of cities. Coursera has also teamed up with the U. S. State Department to run MOOC camps for college age students in many countries. The city of Boston has teamed up with edX to initiate Boston-x, a project providing Internet computers and meeting places for MOOC learners. Other cities have emulated Boston-x, dedicating space in libraries and other public buildings for MOOC study. These efforts parallel those of the Library 2.0 movement; librarians around the world are now re-thinking optimal uses for their brick and mortar building spaces in the age of web 2.0 technologies and digital books, and one answer is meeting spaces for online learners.  C-MOOCs, and now many x-MOOCs well, make extensive use of video-conferencing – e.g., via Skype - to connect group members. MOOCs offering nothing more than discussion boards are simply behind the MOOC curve.
(3) Heuristic Instruction. Academic critics claim that the “can do” element of MOOCs is restricted to monitoring auto-or- peer graded problem sets.
Many actual MOOCs, however, have moved way beyond such mechanized problem sets, making project-based authentic learning central to the MOOC experience. Here are two examples:
(1) At the University of Virginia’s Darden School of Business, Professor Michael Lenox has offered several iterations of his “Foundations of Business Strategy” MOOC on the Coursera platform. Lenox uses “Coursolve,” a crowdsourcing software program, to connect his course with partner organizations where students work to solve real-life challenges. He says:
 â€œEntrepreneurs don’t always have the resources to hire external support to address their needs, but we’ve seen firsthand that students are hungry for the chance to apply their knowledge to real-world problems,” Lenox says.  â€œBy collaborating with organizations, students can strengthen their skills development while potentially providing businesses and nonprofits with valuable insights.”
                In the final course project, Lenox invited students to undertake complete a strategic analysis of one of the partner organizations. More than 400 students completed analyses in partnership with 100 different organizations, including established businesses, startups, resource-strapped nonprofits and social enterprises. 78% of those students ended up participating directly with senior managers in the strategic decision-making of their organizations. Reporting on the second iteration of the MOOC, Lenox added, “Hundreds of in-person study groups formed in over 50 countries. Students included young entrepreneurs and mature small business owners; non-profit organizers; a study group of Mongolia students led by a Peace Corps volunteer; a group of  unemployed women in Ohio looking to improve their job prospects; a group of students ijn Bolivia led under a program from the U.S. State Department; and a group of Arab and Israeli students participating through the YaLa Young Leaders program building détente through education.”
(2) Cathy Davidson of Duke University is now offering a Coursera MOOC on 'thehistory and future of higher education'. Davidson has been a national leader in pushing the x-MOOC format in creative directions. Because her MOOC has many thousands of students, the student group can take on projects not possible within a classroom context. In one project, her students are collectively creating a rich, multi-media trans-national timeline of higher education since 1800. Each student is contributing reports on significant historical events in higher education in their geographic locations - countries, states, municipalities. The students are learning historical research methods and skills in reporting historical events. Many higher education institutions previously neglected by historians of education, including those long closed, are in this way being entered for the first time in an accessible historical record. The student group is now collaborating on editing and coordinating the information and producing the final online product. [5]
One does not need to love either of these particular skill development efforts to recognize that they go way beyond auto-graded problem sets.
6. Conclusion
My point in the above remarks has been to show that academic critics of MOOCs have relied on a stick-figure caricature. Real MOOCs, even x-MOOCs, are diverse, and many MOOC leaders have addressed the didactic, discursive and heuristic dimensions of instruction in creative ways. The best MOOCs replace the ‘sage on the stage’ stalking head with presentations employing a “new visual language” of instruction; they build in group experiences, whether physical or virtual, with opportunities for interpersonal student dialogue; they make project-based learning the centerpiece of the educational experience.
Of course, not all MOOCs do this. Some do, some don’t. And that is precisely the point I am making. If we want to assess the pedagogical value of MOOCs, we will have to turn our attention to particular courses to see how they handle instructional tasks. The most important dimensions of instruction, the didactic, discursive and heuristic, provide useful pegs upon which to hang such particular evaluative judgments.  






          BANG BANG: Adam Hartzell        
[BANG BANG is our week-long look back at 20!!, or "Twenty-bang-bang," or 2011, with contributions from all over aiming to cover all sorts of enthusiasms from film to music to words and beyond.]


by Adam Hartzell

I spend most of my time watching movies out of sync with my time and place. Since I prefer cinema from elsewhere, only one U.S. film makes my Top Ten, though it does make the top spot. Work and financial constraints keep me from traveling abroad for film festival premieres, which means I have to wait until they make it here to San Francisco. So my Top Ten lists usually say something about my cosmopolitan dreams that are anchored awake by my restricted finances and mobility. But here are 10 films which were released this year, or made their way to Bay Area festivals in 2011, about which I have found myself still ruminating in a positive way since they shined their light and heat on my eyes.
 
10. Passion (Khusel Shunal) (Byamba Sakhya, 2010, Mongolia) I knew nothing about Mongolian cinema until this documentary about said cinema, told through a lonely road movie, found its way into the program of this year's San Francisco Asian American International Film Festival. Now I want to know more, which is ironic since the film presents a pessimistic view of Mongolian cinema's future. But it's at least caught the fascination of one viewer even more isolated from this nation's cinema than the Mongolian residents portrayed in the documentary.

9. Aurélie Laflamme's Diary (Christian Laurence, 2010, Canada) A French language film from Quebec that was part of the NY/SF International Children's Film Festival that ran from October 21-23 at Viz Cinema, it ended up winning an audience award. I would have voted for it as well, had I seen it in the theater along with that awarding audience rather than on DVD for an sf360.org overview I wrote on the festival. It's a teen film that doesn't have to throw an American-Pie in our faces thinking that will entertain the kids and kidults. Marianne Verville is a refreshing presence in the lead role, allowed to be awkward in what is an awkward time of our lives. Plus, although she gets the boy the genre demands, she isn't swan-ed away from her duckling beginnings.


8. The Trip (Michael Winterbottom, 2011, United Kingdom) I am still laughing about the scene where Steve Coogan and Rob Brydon are riffing on announcing the inexact time of an ancient battle. Adding to this comedic pleasure was that I got to laugh at this scene along with a friend I hadn’t seen in some time whom I randomly ran into in the lobby of The Bridge theatre before the screening. It was a nice day in the Richmond neighborhood thanks to the run-ins such local establishments afford.


7. Oki's Movie (Hong Sang-soo, 2010, South Korea) I got to see three of my favorite director’s films for the first time this year. (The others were Ha Ha Ha on DVD because I couldn't make the screenings at the San Francisco International Film Festival and The Day He Arrives on screen at the Starz Denver Film Festival in mid-November with the proprietor of the Coffee, Coffee and More Coffee blog, Peter Nellhaus.) Thanks to the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, I was able to watch Oki's Movie in the theatre in late June after having already seen it on DVD to prepare a piece for sf360. I'm biased in that I always find something to ruminate on endlessly in a Hong film (even with my least favorite, Woman Is the Future of Man). But Oki's Movie seems to have won over those who haven't been fans of his work. I think a big reason is the auditioning of men in Oki's movie nested within "Oki's Movie" that Andrew Tracy expertly analyzes in the Fall 2010 issue of Cinema Scope magazine.

6. The Topp Twins: Untouchable Girls (Leanne Pooley, 2009, New Zealand) Finally getting the theatre release it deserved, The Topp Twins graced our local screens outside of the film festivals that started the momentum (Frameline in 2010 and Mostly British in 2011). I own the DVD and saw the film in the theatre three times, once each at those festivals and once in Berkeley at Shattuck Cinemas with my cousin when it was released. Even after all these screenings, I'm still moved by how much major moments of the lives of these yodeling, country singing lesbian twins are tied up with major political successes in New Zealand history. I am still giddy about getting to meet them for an interview for sf360, the most nervous I have ever been for an interview.

5. Poetry (Lee Chang-dong, 2010, South Korea) Poetry definitively represents what I have been appreciating lately about South Korean cinema - how much it has opened up cinematic space for its senior actresses. Yun Jung-hee came out of retirement for this virtuoso performance of Lee Chang-dong's as he continues to explore the life of the outsider in South Korea. During my first draft of this brief commentary on Poetry, I went into a rant about how, if there failed to be a Best Actress nom nod to Yun, the Oscars would continue to be irrelevant in my cinematic life. But after writing that draft, I went to talk with Brian Darr of Hell on Frisco Bay blog and he informed me the Los Angeles Critic Circle gave Yun their Best Actress award. As a result, I put my seething rage at the Oscars as a failed institution back into its cage to be unleashed some other day.


4. The Salesman (Sébastian Pilote, 2011, Canada) I am someone upon whom car commercials fail to make the intended impact. I don't desire the products they advertise. And I don't buy into the false sense of freedom the commercials purport to symbolize. (The streets are usually much more crowded than as portrayed in the commercials and buying a car shackles you with debt, high gas prices, and vast acres of asphalt requirements for roads and parking.) That said, I'm primed to appreciate the tragedy in The Salesman, a perfect example of a genre I'm calling 'Post Peak Oil Cinema', where the life of a successful car salesman is turned on its head by the very products he sells so successfully. The Salesman is a sad, sad film that doesn't pummel you but rather slowly piles upon you like the snow that surrounds this little Quebec town.

3. The Life of Fish (Matías Bize, 2010, Chile) My wife and I caught this film during our yearly Caltrain trip to Cinequest in San Jose because it fit with our schedule and it's one of those happy accident, eeny-meeny-miney-mo(e)ments where you select a film with no real sense of what you are getting yourself into and you realize the programmers have made an excellent choice for you. In this film, we travel through a party held in a single house as our main character relives his younger self through his memories and those of others. Simple, poignant, and delightful.


2. Nostalgia for the Light (Patrico Guzmán, 2010, France/Chile/Germany) This was a truly amazing film I saw in the Dolby screening room as part of the press screenings for the San Francisco International Film Festival this year. Guzmán’s pairing of professional astronomers with amateur archaeologists works on so many levels. Even though the archaeologists are searching for the remains of family members killed by their own government, somehow, in spite of all this, Guzmán leaves us with tremendous hope for humanity.

1. Deaf Jam (Judy Lieff, 2011, USA) I have not had the experience with a film for a long time like I had with Lieff’s documentary about high school Deaf poets venturing out into the venues of a (hearing) poetry slam. Cinema transfixed me again at the Mill Valley Film Festival like it did the first time I could not stopping about the impact a film had on me. Lieff captures the vibrancy of American Sign Language through several tactics of translation. Her willingness to mess with the text of subtitling the poems in the opening sequence is mesmerizing. At the same time, she even took the risk not to translate the ASL later in the film and it is just as powerful sans subtitles. Mixed in with this story of the life of young Deaf folk is a story about the struggles of immigrant children whose parents’ citizenship comes after they enter adulthood and a friendship between a young Israeli Jew and Palestinian Muslim. Lieff and the subjects of her documentary show us how ASL is as perfect a language of cinema as any other, leaving you hoping Lieff and the students she films don’t stop here. We need these stories. We need this kind of active, engaged cinema.


________________________________

Adam Hartzell is totally bummed that sf360.org is no longer publishing because he had a blast writing for them for three years. He continues to write for Brian Darr's San Francisco film blog, Hell on Frisco Bay, and the premier English language website on South Korean cinema, Koreanfilm.org. He began this year as a guest on an episode of the VCinema podcast where he discussed the original version and the recent re-visioning of the South Korean classic The Housemaid (MP3). He has had a few magazine pieces in Kyoto Journal, a chapter on The Power of Kangwon Province for The Cinema of Japan and Korea (Wallflower Press), and next year he will have a bunch of essays in the upcoming publication of World Directory of Cinema: Korea (Intellect, Ltd.).

          Day 30...melancholia sets in        
Being a revolutionary is hard work. It's even harder when you've slept 29 out of 30 nights in a tent in the rain, wind, or cold (or worse, a combination of all three). Have you ever camped out for a month? If so, you might realize how difficult it is to keep a clean camp, especially if you have kitchen facilities and different people coming and going all day. At the mo, I am sulking because I am not happy with the condition of the camp and am a bit embarrassed to play tour guide for curious passersby. With the setbacks we've had from the weather, especially the 60+ mph gusts of wind, our camp has seen better days in the month that it has been established in a park next to Bellingham Bay. Half of our tents are gone. Our community tent isn't adequate, requiring that it be lowered every time the winds come up (and sometimes requiring a harried run after items blowing away at two o'clock in the morning). We have no routine for making the tent weather-proof, so every time we have to adjust it for windage, the fodder in the tent (snacks, miscellaneous dishes, papers, blankets, and other stuphs) keeps getting moved around, misplaced, relocated, moved to off-site storage, thrown away, or just plain lost. We've been talking (and talking and talking) about acquiring a new structure, but so far, it's just that...talk.

Frankly, I'm a bit jaded and wonder if we'll just fall apart from lack of motivation in a leaderless movement. I'm awaiting [in abundantly grateful mode] the delivery of a small yurt (six feet in diameter, not the one pictured that is a traditional Mongolian yurt, or ger) that a friend has told me I can have; it needs repair, but I'm confident that I can make it work. This will give me a bit more room than my considerably wee tent (my sleeping bag lies diagonally so that it will fit inside). You'd be surprised how much I will appreciate that little bit of extra wiggle room. It's my hope that, when the rest of the camp sees how functional and weather-resistant a yurt can be, they'll think about helping me to build a bigger one to use as our communal space.

I'm certain that I can create this common area, used for our General Assemblies and "living room" when we're not working for the movement or shivering against the cold in our residential tents. I won't say that I've met resistance on erecting a bigger yurt, but I've deferred to the others in camp who seem to think that a structure using scaffolding as a foundation will serve better than a yurt. However comma...it's been over a week that we've been discussing this shelter, and to my knowledge, we're no closer to acquiring it than we were when it was first discussed. In the meantime, I've researched the materials necessary and checked various resources for availability of inexpensive, used components (slats or rods for the lattice wall, supports for the central ring that can be made of PVC pipe, tarps and thrift-store or donated blankets for the roof and outer walls). It won't be the quality of the yurts made by my friends or manufactured kits you can purchase, but in my humble opinion, it would serve better than the wall-less awning type of tent we currently have; the tarp walls we haphazardly hang from the sides to keep us a bit warmer do absolutely nothing to increase its stability in the wind. Yes, I'd be happier to have a yurt than a scaffolded tarp castle, but if this castle would just get built, I'd shut up about the yurt. I know I sound like a broken record, but someone has to keep harping about getting something done, else nothing will ever get done, will it? And after 30 days of camping in adverse conditions, it's getting easier to harp about things that just aren't getting done. Once a mom, always a mom.

I'm currently awaiting moving into a flat here in Bellingham after living in my cozy little place in Sumas for three years; I expect to be relocating in two to four weeks. This means that I really need to spend some time there, packing and preparing. However comma...every time I leave camp, I feel guilty, thinking that I may be needed there. Our population has dwindled with the nasty winter weather that keeps getting thrown at us; there aren't enough of us as it is to have the camp manned 'round the clock. I have to wonder if this is a point that the other Occupy encampments have reached...a month in, and there is talk of doing away with the camp in favor of participating in more events and actions. I don't support this, as ready as I have been in the past couple of days to just throw in the towel altogether. We need a camp. We need that symbology of sleeping in cold tents in the wind and rain to show our solidarity with Occupy Wall Street. And Portland. And Oakland. They had their camps taken from them against their will, along with their personal belongings and their very safety. And we're gonna give up because it's too hard? I have said that, even if I am the only tent left in the park, I'm not leaving. I hope I can live up to that. I'm certainly not doing this for my health. I'm here for my granddaughter. And for my kids, because I was ignorant about all the reasons I'm now part of this movement while they were growing up. For Mother Earth, who just can't take any more abuse from the oil corporations that continue to rape her of her lifeblood and nutrients.

But I am tired. And a bit melancholy. And I miss my big ol' brass bed and a lifestyle that doesn't involve waiting until right before it's too late to make it to the freezing porta-potty at three o'clock in the morning because I can barely wriggle out of the cocoon that is my WWII down mummy bag in time, the only warm place in my universe. Still, there's a revolution to be waged, and wage it, I will.

          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Aug 22, 2017)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, August 22 2017
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Sep 26, 2017)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, September 26 2017
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Oct 24, 2017)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, October 24 2017
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Nov 28, 2017)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EST Tuesday, November 28 2017
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Dec 26, 2017)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EST Tuesday, December 26 2017
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Jan 23, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EST Tuesday, January 23 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Feb 27, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EST Tuesday, February 27 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Mar 27, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, March 27 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Apr 24, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, April 24 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (May 22, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, May 22 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Jun 26, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, June 26 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Jul 24, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, July 24 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Aug 28, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, August 28 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Sep 25, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, September 25 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          MCC Live - Royal Oak at BDs Mongolian BBQ (Oct 23, 2018)        

When: 11:30am - 1pm EDT Tuesday, October 23 2018
Where: 430 S. Main Street Royal Oak, MI

This it the perfect combination of enjoying a good meal, meeting cool people and learning things that will help you grow your business. MCC Live meetings were never designed as something you HAD to do. They are something you WANT to do.

You'll enjoy the vibe from the moment you walk in the door. Over the years we've helped salespeople find new clients,  companies find new employees, non-profits find supporters, individuals find success and so much more. What value can we create for you? Join us and find out!

The cost is $20.00 and that includes all you can of their deliciousness. Cash is preferred.


          Europe banks on Mongolian wind        
EIB to provide €39.7m to help fund the 54MW Sainshand project
          Na Mu Han – Adorable Pretty Asian Girl        

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Na Mu Han 娜木汗 is a cute and beautiful Asian model from Inner Mongolia, China. Na Mu Han was born on October 1st, 1995. Check out Na Mu Han's gorgeous pictures in this post and don't forget to download the free set to view larger pictures!

(Read more...)


          De Suiza hasta Mongolia, en la lente         
Los fotógrafos Nico Krebs y Taiyo Onorato trabajan desde hace más de doce años juntos. En abril de 2013 realizaron un viaje en un crucero con el que recorrieron el este europeo y asiático, hasta llegar a su destino final: Ulán Bator, la capital de Mongolia. Una verdadera expedición: un viaje al místico reino del Este, Eurasia, Asia central, el paisaje en el Himalaya, los bosques siberianos, las otrora repúblicas soviéticas. Medio continente, un enorme espacio geográfico. Diversos países y religiones, en pleno cambio y en busca de la conexión global al capitalismo. También en ese entorno se siente una búsqueda de identidad que se refleja en una deriva continental, comentan los retratistas suizos, autores del libro Continental Drift, resultado de ese viaje. Las imágenes que contiene la obra se localizan entre la frontera del documental y la ficción. Para realizar el libro, Onorato y Krebs colaboraron por segunda ocasión con los diseñadores gráficos Megi Zumstein y Claudio Barandun.
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-10-2014 with Dave Blackwood        
Playlist:

- voicebreak -
Booker T- Space City - Potato Hole
Castanets- Its Good To Touch You In The Sunlight - Decimation Blues
Jos Gonzlez- This Is How We Walk On The Moon - Master Mix Red Hot Arthur Russell
Sinkane- How We Be - Mean Love
Metro- Criminal World - Bowie Heard Them Here First
Margot The Nuclear So And Sos- Ziggy Stardust - I Saved Latin A Tribute To Wes Anderson
- voicebreak -
Goat- Hide From The Sun - Commune
The Bombay Royale- Falcons Landing - The Island Of Dr Electrico
AllahLas- Artifact - Worship The Sun
- voicebreak -
Elephant Stone- Echo The Machine - Three Poisons
The Growlers- Big Toe - Chinese Fountain
Bob Dylan The Band- Folsom Prison Blues - The Bootleg Series Vol 11 The Basement Tapes Complete
Ty Segall- The Clock - Manipulator
Primus- Candy Man - Primus The Chocolate Factory With The Fungi Ensemble
Scott H Biram- Nam Weed - Nothin But Blood
The Brothers Sisters- All Along The Watchtower - Dylans Gospel
Linda Jones- I Just Cant Live My Life without You Babe 7 Mix - Northern Soul The Soundtrack
Khun Narin- Lai Sing - Khun Narins Electric Phin Band
Chinbat Bassankhuu- The Trot Of The Horse With The Black Velvet Coat - The Art Of The Mongolian Yatga
Jaco Pastorius- Donna Lee - Modern American MusicPeriod
Bill Frisell- Pipeline - Guitar In The Space Age
Radian Howe Gelb- Saturated - Radian Verses Howe Gelb
TuneYards- Hey Life - Nikki Nack
Deerhoof- Doom - La Isla Bonita
Oy- Hallelujah Hair - No Problem Saloon
Stereolab- Brakhage - Dots And Loops
Foxygen- How Can You Really - And Star Power
Spanish Gold- One Track Mind - South Of Nowhere
Marco Benevento- Eye To Eye - Swift
James Kochalka- Monkey Vs Robot - Monkey Vs Robot
James Kochalka Superstar- Dont Trust Whitey - Dont Trust Whitey
James Kochalka Superstar- Beyonce - Digital Elf
James Kochalka- I Hate Planet Earth - Superstar
MC Frontalot- Shudders feat Kid Koala The Protomen - Question Bedtime
Critters Buggin- Hojo - Stampede
Flying Lotus- Moment Of Hesitation - Youre Dead
Mr Scruff- Where Am I - Friendly Bacteria
Dorian Concept- The Few - Joined Ends
Panda Bear- Surfers Hymn - Tomboy
Amp Live- Flight In G Minor feat Dirty Cello - Headphone Concerto


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2014-12-10
          Hot Game To Play ( Uprising Empire )        
Uprising empire





Uprising Empires is a free to play Browser Based MOM-Strategy game that allows you to interact and battle with over 10,000 players in a bold attempt to unify the world under your rule. The game is created by Tara Games, the maker of Exoplanet War.

Overview:


Set in the Middle Ages, Uprising Empires allows you to play the role of a fledging young warlord from the Ottoman Turk's, Mongolian Empire, Kingdom of Jerusalem or the Byzantine Empire whose destiny is to strengthen your kingdom, unite your empire and destroy rival regimes.



Each civilization is uniquely designed with an array of different attributes, skills and weaponry which you must master along the way if you are to become the undisputed emperor of earth. Throughout your journey to become number one you will build bases, train armies as well as creating and customize your equipment to engage in brutal battles for supremacy on a truly epic scale.

Feel the intensity and ferocity of life in the Middle Ages with a large range of military units and a comprehensive alliance system that allows players to create civil wars with other alliances and even mount a challenge for the throne before invading rival empires across the world.

Zone War Uprising


Play uprising empire

          Comment on Rabbit Reproduction and the Garden of Eden by Matt Green        
I would agree that it could have been a fast sequence, not allowing for the rapid multiplication of the pre-curse/fall creatures. However, I would assume that part of the "good" that God pronounced on creation would have been its ability to continue on into the future without destroying itself with overpopulation of certain species. In other words, creation was designed with perfect balance, in much the same way that there is a perfect balance now among species that is only disrupted with human activity. In that regard, the fall/curse was not necessary for the continued survival of creation. <br /><br /><br />On a related note, one of my favorite books is Wolf Totem, which recounts the consequences of human intervention in the wolf/prey ecosystem of Inner Mongolia. Shepherds were incentivized by the Chinese government to kill wolves which were periodically stealing sheep. When the wolf population was killed off, the pasture land was destroyed by rodents, rabbits and other prey that the wolves had kept at bay. The sheep starved and the shepherds' way of life was lost. Far better to lose a few sheep to the wolves than to lose more to starvation.
          Floating, solar-powered 'dragonfly' bridge can sail to new locations        
This floating pedestrian bridge, designed as a proposal for Ordos City, can sail along rivers and oceans like a boat. Designer Margot Krasojevic conceived it as a flexible structure that can be folded, stacked and expanded so that it can be moored along quaysides, sailed or permanently positioned on any location. The Ordos government commissioned Krasojevic to design a pedestrian bridge which would cross the Wulanmulun River, located in Ordos city, Kangbashi district Mongolia. The SailBoat...
          Dare il benvenuto: riti e usanze        
Ogni Paese ha le proprie tradizioni e ogni Paese ha un modo di accogliere gli ospiti e di dare il benvenuto unico e particolare. Quando si viaggia è importante conoscere bene riti e usanze per evitare gaffe o gesti irrispettosi. Se vi recate in Mongolia, per esempio, sappiate che gli abitanti, quando accolgono un ospite in casa, gli offrono in dono … Continua a leggere
          Interview with Carlito Dalceggio        






q)Introduce yourself, name,age, location.


a)CARLITO DALCEGGIO-SECRET SILK SOCIETY- 41 , CURRENTLY IN MONTREAL AT MERCAN DEDE STUDIO


q) Can you describe your path to being an artist? When did you really get into it?


a)I WAS BORN TO BE AN ARTIST; IT IS TRACED FOR ME AND I HAVE A MISSION-THERE IS NO EXILE NO ESCAPE-
I LEARNED ART BY MAKING IT, NON STOP IN A FURIOUS PASSION , TRAVELING ALL OVER THE WORLD LEARNING WITH THE TRIBES, WITH TRADITIONAL MASTERS, WITH PSYCHEDELICS, INSTALLING POP-UP STUDIOS IN MANY DIFFERENT LOCATIONS SUCH AS THE DESERT IN INDIA, PARIS, NEW YORK, MEXICO, BRAZIL... i am a gypsy, like the wind, running for something that does not exist, BUT I KNOW I WILL FIND IT


q) Describe your ideals and how they manifest in your work.


a)I AM A FREEDOM WARRIOR, A SEEKER, AND A PEARL DIVER, MY PAINTINGS ARE RADICAL FREE FREEDOM FLAGS , TALISMAN TO PROVOKE AND CHARM AND TO TRANSFORM



q) Is music a part of your studio time? What do you listen to?

a)MUSIC IS VITAL TO MY CREATION, ALWAYS LOUD MUSIC PLAYING IN MY STUDIO, IT IS CREATING THE SILENCE IN THE MODERN WORLD,,, I LISTEN FROM SUFI TRANCE TO QUAWALLI TO MALI DESERT MUSIC TO NEW TWISTED ELECTRONICA TO TRANCE TO CHANTS TO PROTEST SONGS, EVERYTHING THAT GIVES ME THE KICKS,----- THESE DAYS, I AM INTO SHACKLETON AND FOREVER SHPONGLE,,,, BOLERO DE RAVEL,,,
WE NEED TO CREATE A SPACE FOR RITUAL, A FREE PLACE TO EXPLODE IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE THE GREAT ALCHEMICAL WORK,,,,


q) How would you describe your work to someone?

a)I DO NEVER DESCRIBE MY WORK--- I SHARE THE VISIONS, THE PAINTINGS, THE MURALS, THE WRITINGS, THE FILMS, INSTALLATIONS PERFORMANCES, YOU HAVE TO SEE IT ALL TO HAVE A GLOBAL IDEA OF MY VISIONS, PAINTINGS ONLY EXPRESS ONE PART OF MY MESSAGE


q) Influences?

a)AN ARTIST ONLY RE-TRANSMIT WHAT THE ANCESTORS HAVE LEFT BEHIND AND CHANGE IT , UPLIFT IT,
----HUICHOL ART-HERMAN HESSE- AYAHUASCA VISIONS, THE OCEAN, CHILDREN DRAWINGS, COBRA MOVEMENT, CAROUSSELS, PICASSO, BASQUIAT,TWOMBLY, SACRED TIBETAN ART, ALL SYMBOLS IN THE STREETS, TRIBAL ART, EROTICISM, RED WINE, ALLEN GINSBERG, ALL REVOLUTIONS, EVERY MOMENT IN LIFE,,, PEYOTE, -----NATURE AND TREES---


q) Describe your process for creating new work.

a)IT S A TOTAL TRANCE WHERE I LOOSE MY HUMAN SHAPE, I LOOSE CONSCIOUSNESS, AND I ACCESS A HIGHER LEVEL WHERE I AM ONE WITH THE UNIVERSE, A REAL KICK, AN ECSTASY, A BLEND OF EUPHORIA AND SILENCE, AN EXPLOSIVE MANTRA,


q) What advice do you have for artists looking to show their work?

a)NEVER WAIT FOR NOBODY, NEVER WAIT FOR A GALLERY, CREATE YOUR OWN UNIVERSE ANYWHERE YOU CAN FIND--RISK EVERYTHING YOU ARE, BLOW IT-
AND CREATE A SPACE THAT RELATES TO YOUR VISION-BE TRUTHFUL TO YOUR MESSAGE AND SACRIFICE YOURSELF TO ACHIEVE AND TRANSMIT IT
GET A KICK, A REAL THRILL, PLEASURE IS THE KEY


q) What are you really excited about right now?

a)SO MANY VOLCANOS ARE ERUPTING NOW, CONSTANT MUTATION, IDIG DEEPER
I JUST STARTED TO PRODUCE A DUO EXHIBITION WITH TURKISH MUSICIAN-PAINTER MERCAN DEDE, TO BE PRESENTED IN AN ART FOUNDATION, BORUSAN MUSIC HOUSE IN MAY, WE LOCKED OURSELVES IN HIS STUDIO WITH HUNDRED OF LITERS OF COLORS AND ROLLS OF CANVAS
ALSO, I JUST COMPLETED A SERIE OF FILMS, LABYRINTH OF LIBERATION,, THE VISION WILL SOON BE SHARED WITH THE PEOPLE,
AND OTHE THINGS, I AM EXCITED ABOUT THE UNKNOWN
ABOUT A PAINTING TRIP TO MONGOLIA AND A MURAL I WILL PAINT IN VLADIVOSTOK



q) What do you love most about where you live?

a)I DO NOT REALLY LIVE SOMEWHERE, I FLY WITH THE PROJECTS AND THEY GUIDE MY GYPSY ROAD,
EVERY PLACE HAVES A SPECIAL ESSENCE, AND I LOVE TO GO PAINT IN SEVERAL PLACES TO DRINK THE PERFUME OF THE FIELD OF JOY AND TRANSMIT IT


q) Best way to spend a day off?

a)THERE IS NO DAY OFF FOR AN ARTIST, THERE IS NO TIME TO WASTE, I PAINT EVERYDAY****
BUT A DAY WITHOUT A BRUSH MUST BE SPENT MAKING LOVE WITH A MUSE AND TRACING OUT


q) Upcoming shows/ projects?

a)-MAY 18- REVOLUTION REVELATION, WITH MERCAN DEDE, ISTANBUL, BORUSAN MUSIC HOUSE, MULTI MEDIA EXHIBITION AND LIVE STUDIO
-ART CAR FOR BURNING MAN IN AUGUST
-GIANT MURAL IN VLADIVOSTOK AND PERFORMANCE IN SEPT
-LAUNCH OF MY FILM -LABYRINTH OF LIBERATION,, SOOON
AND OTHER SECRET STUFF I DO NOT TALK ABOUT



q) Where can people see more of your work on the internet?

a)WWW.CARLITODALCEGGIO.COM
ON FACEBOOK FOR RECENT STUFF
VIVA LA REVOLUCION


          Strengthening the Right to Information for People and the Environment (STRIPE)        

Rapid development has transformed many countries’ economies, but with this growth comes hazardous pollution. Globally, 80% of wastewater contaminated by toxic sludge, industrial chemicals and other pollutants flows untreated into the water that poor communities rely on for everything from their drinking water to their livelihoods. Many of these same communities also suffer from dangerously high air pollution. Each year, 6.5 million people die from causes directly related to air pollution.

A lack of information is a key part of the problem. Despite the passage of Freedom of Information (FOI) laws around the world, people still don’t know if their water is safe to drink or if their air is too dirty to breathe. Worldwide, 80% of countries do not publicly report the amount of pollution that companies discharge. Without this information, local communities cannot voice their concerns, participate in decision-making or hold powerful interests to account.

Strengthening the Right to Information for People and the Environment (STRIPE) helps communities improve their environment and health by exercising their right to access information and participate in environmental decision-making. Working with civil society organizations and local communities, STRIPE:

  • Assesses countries’ transparency, participation and environmental laws
  • Evaluates what environmental information is available to the public and the barriers communities face in accessing this information
  • Works with community members to use FOI laws to request information from governments and tracks the results—how many requests were granted? How many were appealed? Was the information given complete? How much time did officials take to respond?
  • Analyzes findings to inform local advocacy campaigns that urge governments to improve transparency and proactively release environmental information
  • Build community members’ capacity to advocate for pollution prevention and restoration

STRIPE is one of The Access Initiative’s (TAI) projects. TAI is the largest civil society network in the world dedicated to ensuring that citizens have the right and ability to influence decisions about the natural resources that sustain their communities. Subscribe to our newsletter, and follow us on Twitter @TAIGlobal to learn more. 

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Improving communities’ health and environment through their right to access information and participate in decision-making

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          Jason Winters Xian        
Rahasia Kecantikan dan Umur Panjang

Ramuan herbal dari Xian yang memiliki legenda 2830 SM. Seorang tetua dari Tibet yang telah berusia 130 tahun bercerita kepada Sir Jason Winters :
Dahulu Bayan “Si Mata Seribu” dari Mongolia memimpin pasukannya yang terluka dan sakit akibat perang melintasi benua yang terus berkelanjutan. Hingga mereka sampai di suatu propinsi yang bernama “Xian” mereka terkejut melihat banyak sekali orang-orang yang mampu berumur panjang. Setelah diselidiki diketahui ternyata setiap harinya mereka mengkonsumsi ramuan dari herbal tersebut.

Manfaat Xian
  • Mengembalikan stamina tubuh dan pikiran.
  • Meningkatkan kesuburan bagi sistem reproduksi (pria & wanita).
  • Meningkatkan daya ingat.
  • Menunda proses penuaan.
  • Menyempurnakan penyerapan nutrisi oleh tubuh.
  • Memelihara kesehatan fungsi organ pada tubuh.
  • Mempertahankan kecantikan tubuh (inner beauty).
  • Mempercepat proses kesembuhan penyakit.
HARGA
  • Rp. 530.000 (100 Tablet)
  • Rp. 215.000 ( 30 Tablet)



KOMPOSISI High Selenium Yeast, Gotu Kola, Capsicum dan
Oriental Spice
ATURAN MINUM 1-2 tablet 2x sehari, 1/2 jam sebelum sarapan
dan makan malam dibarengi dengan banyak
minum air putih.

          Sarmatians Scythians        
The proximity to the Scythians cultural centers of the world before then brought them into the common life and joined in part to a general culture. Sarmatians Sarmatians Scythians were in place and not only was the culture of old people, but also made it their own specific shades, and also related to Scythians. Scientists suggest that the tribes of the Sarmatians came to the territory of Urad of modern Mongolia, through the Altai and . Later Sarmatians left the Southern Urals. The legend about the origin of Sarmatians transmitted by Herodotus, states that they are descended from the marriage of Scythian men and valiant women's' Amazon 'and that' Savromat speak Scythian, but wrong from time immemorial. " The main occupation of the Sarmatian tribes are nomadic animal husbandry. There are many reasons to presume that the Sarmatian tribes, primitive agriculture, which played a secondary role. In 2007 in the village Kichigin Uvelskogo area of the Chelyabinsk region have been found unique jewelry Scythian-Sarmatian period. This is the first archaeological find of this magnitude in the Southern Urals. Archaeologists have discovered a noble burial of Sarmatian type, including the tomb of an ancient priestess. On her burial site found things Sarmatian culture: a golden torque, tiara, bracelets, necklaces, bronze vessel. Probably it was a military camp. In the tombs, archaeologists found skeletons of Sarmatian warriors, including women. This proves that the Sarmatian tribes were the legendary Amazons, women. At the feet of them buried quivers with arrows. Huns in the iv.
                  

Goodbye Fukuoka

So, that's it! The time has come for me to leave Japan and with it must also end The Daily Shashin. It's been a fun little project and I'd like to thank all of you who have regularly visited this page and kept me motivated and encouraged by your comments and kind words.

I am now embarking on The Heneghan Half-World Tour which, after brief visits to Taipei and Hong Kong, will see me undertake the 14,000 km journey from Singapore to London by train and bus.

From Singapore I'll be passing through Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and finally the UK, so it promises to be a fantastic adventure, especially from a photographic perspective. I will leave Singapore on August 1st and I aim to arrive back in the UK in the first or second week of September. You can keep up-to-date on my trip via my other blog and I will try to make posts there as often as possible as I make my way home.

In the meantime if you want to see more photos please feel free to check out my Flickr page.

That's all for now, I'll be embarking on a new project in the autumn once I get back to sunny England!

Take care everyone!
                  

I have lots of news! First, my Russian visa arrived to complete the set of four visas I'll be needing for my 'half-world tour' starting later this month (the other visas being Vietnam, China and Mongolia). My trip will involve over fifteen countries, lots of trains and three cameras! Can't wait to get started!

Second, in a remarkable twist of fate and rather miraculously back from the dead is my defunkt Sony Cybershot. I'd heard stories of people with damaged screens having them fixed for around 10,000 yen (approximately 70 euros) so I was eager to chance my luck. Imagine my surprise however when the staff at Kitamura Camera, one of the best camera chains in Japan, told me that due to widespread defects on the DSC-P92's CCD all units were eligible for repair at Sony's expense. Rather nice indeed, eh? So I got it repaired for nothing!

Now, if only I'd have known about this six months earlier! Never mind, the cranky old brick-like Cybershot is back in business and that's the most important thing. Now it feels like a small toy though compared to my hulking beast-like DSLR.
          Mundo- Los cuidados que sostienen al mundo        
3-7-17 Biodiverdidad ALat

Los cuidados que sostienen al mundo

"¿Cómo es posible que con menos de un cuarto de toda la tierra agrícola del planeta, los pueblos y comunidades campesinos provean casi 70% de la alimentación que nos mantiene con vida como humanidad? Esos pueblos, comunidades y colectivos calumniados de obstaculizar la modernización, despliegan una potencia que no se enfoca solamente en arrancarle la comida a los suelos. Son quienes aún mantienen un tramado de prácticas y saberes que persiste pese al embate modernizador de los gobiernos, de las agencias de financiamiento y de las mega-corporaciones."

 Â» LA AGRICULTURA INDUSTRIAL SE ENFOCA SÓLO EN 12 ESPECIES. UN NUEVO CULTIVO BIOTECNOLÓGICO PUEDE LLEGAR A COSTAR 136 MILLONES DE DÓLARES. LAS REDES CAMPESINAS MANEJAN MÁS DE DOS MILLONES DE VARIEDADES Y LAS DESARROLLAN SIN COSTOS COMERCIALES

El acuciante problema de la crisis de alimentación en el mundo se esboza en muchos lados como insuficiencia de alimentos pues la población crece exponencialmente y “no habrá comida que alcance”. Según los expertos, más de 800 millones de personas padecen hambre y más de la mitad de la humanidad tiene problemas relacionados con la alimentación. Quienes brindan una solución a esa crisis, quienes subsanan la subsistencia de la mayoría de la humanidad, son esos pueblos y comunidades campesinas, acusadas de atrasadas e ineficaces, los pueblos vernáculos del mundo.
Más del 90% de las y los agricultores del mundo son campesinos e indígenas, pero acceden a menos de la cuarta parte de la tierra agrícola mundial, según datos de GRAIN. Y sin embargo, con ello producen entre el 50 y el 70 por ciento de la comida que mantiene viva a la gente. Sustentos básicos (cereales, leguminosas, tubérculos) pero también animales, frutas y hojas verdes que se distribuyen en mercados locales en cantidades importantes, total o parcialmente al margen del mercado, y llegan a sitios inaccesibles para los contenedores rodantes que distribuyen los paquetes de alimentos procesados.
Si asumimos la perspectiva de Adolfo Gilly sobre los historiadores a contrapelo que develan que casi la totalidad de la actividad económica la realiza una inmensa mayoría de seres humanos sin lugares prominentes en las cifras oficiales, ni en las inteligencias de derecha o izquierda, ni en los liderazgos de opinión, ni en los debates entre élites, es fácil comprender que la mayoría de la alimentación que nos mantiene con vida la provee esa miríada de redes campesinas y urbanas de subsistencia, rompiendo así el monopolio radical del pensamiento que presupone que sólo la industria puede resolver el problema de alimentar a una población planetaria cada vez más numerosa.
Se trata de pueblos con diversos grados de autonomía, de soberanía en lo que permanece de sus mundos vernáculos, pero también se trata —y esto es muy sorprendente— de colectivos que quieren darle la vuelta a vivir comprando todo: organizaciones en el campo y en la ciudad, personas y colectivos que de alguna forma quisieran ser como los pueblos vernáculos.
El Grupo de Acción sobre Erosión, Tecnología y Concentración (Grupo ETC) se planteó recientemente preguntas como quién nos alimenta hoy, cuánta diversidad alimentaria tenemos y cuidamos, cuál es el estado de los bosques, qué nos está ocasionando la industrialización de la comida, cómo se usa la energía para producir alimentos, cuánta comida se desperdicia, cuál es la relación entre trabajo, salud y producción industrial o campesina. Y estas son algunas de las respuestas:
Hoy, con un cuarto de la tierra agrícola a nivel mundial y con 30% de los recursos mecánicos, hídricos, fertilizantes y combustibles, las redes de subsistencia (campesinos, pastores, pescadores artesanales, recolectores y sus combinaciones), junto con la agricultura urbana, producen mayor cantidad, diversidad y calidad de alimentos que las cadenas de la agricultura industrial.
La agricultura industrial se enfoca sólo en 12 especies. Un nuevo cultivo biotecnológico puede llegar a costar 136 millones de dólares. Las redes campesinas manejan más de dos millones de variedades de plantas y animales, y los desarrollan sin costos comerciales. La pesca industrial captura 360 especies y cultiva en cautiverio otras 600. Los pescadores artesanales cosechan 15 mil especies de agua dulce y un número desconocido de especímenes marinos. Más de mil quinientos millones de habitantes se alimentan de pesca no comercial.
El mercado de productos maderables promueve plantaciones de 450 especies mientras que los habitantes de los bosques cuidan más de 80 mil tipos de árboles, arbustos, trepadoras y plantas medicinales.
Se calcula que mil 600 millones de personas habitan esos espacios “ociosos” que el capital no ceja en agredir para meterlos al mercado de tierras. 80% de las poblaciones de los países en desarrollo acuden, para satisfacer o complementar sus necesidades terapéuticas, a plantas crecidas en los bosques, selvas y humedales o cultivadas en traspatios, balcones o azoteas. Estos lugares “subutilizados” son clave para enfrentar el caos climático por su capacidad de absorción de gases contaminantes.
La comida procesada ha ocasionado que desde 1950 se pierda infinidad de nutrientes del suelo; que las dietas se uniformen, que la diversidad se reduzca, y que haya un aumento dramático de enfermedades crónicas como obesidad y diabetes, hipertensión, y ciertos tipos de cáncer relacionados con la alimentación.
La emisión de gases con efecto de invernadero provenientes de la alimentación industrial (con los desmontes para monocultivos, el uso de fertilizantes —cuya fabricación es origen de gases en sí misma— el transporte, el embalaje, la refrigeración y la basura resultante) dan cuenta de un 50% de los gases que ocasionan el calentamiento planetario.
Casi 80% del agua dulce disponible en un año se utiliza en agricultura industrial y procesado de alimentos. El agua de este procesado industrial de alimentos y bebidas en un año podría cubrir las necesidades domésticas de 9 mil millones de personas.
Entre 33 y 40% de la comida producida con agricultura industrial se desperdicia cada año por los estándares de producción, en la transportación y almacenamiento, en los procesos de producción y en los hogares donde llega no se consume.
Más de dos mil millones de personas en el planeta tienen deficiencias nutricionales y más de 400 millones tienen sobrepeso u obesidad. El consumo de carne en los países ricos rebasa en más de dos veces las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de Salud. Por cada dólar que pagamos en comida industrial, la sociedad planetaria paga otros dos dólares en remediar desastres ambientales y enfermedades.

¿Cómo es posible que con menos de un cuarto de toda la tierra agrícola del planeta, los pueblos y comunidades campesinos provean casi 70% de la alimentación que nos mantiene con vida como humanidad?
Esos pueblos, comunidades y colectivos calumniados de obstaculizar la modernización, despliegan una potencia que no se enfoca solamente en arrancarle la comida a los suelos. Son quienes aún mantienen un tramado de prácticas y saberes que pese al embate modernizador de los gobiernos, de las agencias de financiamiento y de las mega-corporaciones, persiste a veces como aparente inercia, con una reflexividad impresionante, en el flujo del desastre, en medio de la vorágine y la incertidumbre.
El tramado de cuidados que sostienen al mundo no se reduce a sembrar y cosechar “cosas que se coman”. En México, los pueblos campesinos no sólo conservan el maíz (cuyo futuro es objeto de debates mundiales). Los pueblos campesinos son quienes resguardan la diversidad de bosques, y con ellos, los ciclos del agua y del aire, y en esos territorios cuyo eje es la milpa, las comunidades tienen la posibilidad de negarse al extractivismo y la imposición de megaproyectos. Así que los pueblos vernáculos de México no sólo arrancan alimentos a la tierra. Con sus pertinentes relaciones con sus territorios, que se materializan en lenguas, modos, ropas, músicas, ritos, celebraciones, organización, luchas, los pueblos de México son núcleo de soberanía nacional.
Conocimos hace poco en Holanda un “bosque comestible”: en dos hectáreas de tierra yerma, destruida por la agricultura industrial, alguien removió el suelo, construyó declives y se puso a reunir especies de latitudes hermanas, de lugares separados por glaciaciones, por el aumento de los océanos, por desertificación, por reacomodo de las placas tectónicas; pero también separados por guerras o tratados de paz, o lugares con especies extinguidas por revoluciones verdes, por agricultura comercial y por mera urbanización. Comenzamos la caminata por el bosque comiendo rosas de Mongolia, directas del rosal. Seguimos con manzanas silvestres de Azerbaiján, membrillos de Turquía, peras japonesas; recogimos para la cena unos 20 tipos de hongos; para el desayuno, avellanas, moras rojas, negras, grandes, chicas, ácidas, dulces; kiwis, nueces, castañas, grosellas. Había frijoles silvestres de varios tipos, almendras, higos, lentejas… Ese bosque brinda según temporada más de 400 especies comestibles. Tiene más especies de insectos y aves que los parques naturales holandeses. Lo que pide este lugar, dicen sus propiciadores, es acompañar los procesos libres que hacen los bosques para crecer y mantenerse. En 6 años ocurrieron procesos que quienes hicieron este bosque esperaban en 10 o más años. Están abriendo el entendimiento para alimentarse de otros cultivos además de los 12 “más famosos” en los que se enfoca el sistema industrial de producción de alimentos. Calculan que el ciclo de restauración total de los bosques puede reducirse 50 años de lo que ahora se piensa.
Acá en México, durante la presentación de un libro con recetas de platillos elaborados con lo que hay en la milpa “estándar”, un campesino mixteco de Oaxaca dijo que estamos acostumbrados a ver al bosque como algo muy grandioso y a la parcela campesina como algo pequeño en comparación. Dijo que la milpa es precisamente un bosque donde convive todo, lleno de matices y de espesura, donde todos los seres pueden existir y potenciarse.
Entre 1992 y 2010 el Estado mexicano dirigió una cruzada contra la propiedad colectiva de la tierra, una campaña nacional para que las tierras de cultivo se “regularizaran” en títulos de propiedad individuales, y que toda esa tierra entrara en el mercado, junto con la proletarización de sus habitantes. A la vuelta de 20 años, mucho menos del 30% de los campesinos registró sus tierras a título individual para poder venderlas, lo que tiene francamente intrigado al Banco Mundial.
En México se siembran y cosechan casi 22 millones toneladas de maíz, de las cuales 14 millones de toneladas se cultivan con semillas que provienen de la cosecha propia, en tierras colectivas. Más de 8 millones de toneladas se destinan a la subsistencia de las comunidades sin pasar por el mercado, señala la investigadora Ana de Ita. Eso es sumamente subversivo.
Tal vez es un momento de la historia en que ya no estudiamos las dinámicas económicas campesinas como parte de una etnografía de los sistemas económicos “alternos” o “subalternos”, o en el registro de aquello que está por extinguirse. Es muy visible, muy evidente, el proceso de reflexiones y de acciones desde lo profundo de las comunidades vituperadas, calumniadas de ineficaces, desgarradas por las migraciones, arrinconadas en las mega-urbes.
Aún sigue sin comprenderse plenamente la distinción que hizo Iván Illich sobre la subsistencia autónoma (con sus límites y sus problemas a resolver) y la miseria en la que caemos cuando se nos imponen los planes de desarrollo, las tecnologías, la modernización, y lograr ese entendimiento es una tarea urgente.
Andrés Barreda dijo al resumir una discusión de la Red en Defensa del Maíz en 2016:
“La resistencia campesina tiene un claro significado universal para toda la humanidad porque defiende y muestra el sentido de la subsistencia autónoma, de la posibilidad de ser libre manteniendo relación con la tierra, con el territorio. Pero tiene un significado más, referido al peor drama de nuestro tiempo, el peor drama que vive toda la humanidad en el momento actual, que es el de la ruptura entre naturaleza y sociedad. Ruptura que tiene a la humanidad no sólo al borde del cambio climático, la tiene al borde de desaparecer.
“La separación entre sociedad y naturaleza, que avanzó durante siglos, en los últimos 80 años alcanzó niveles brutales que ponen en peligro la vida de todos los seres humanos. Los campesinos son quienes detentan en vivo y en directo qué significa la relación entre la sociedad y la naturaleza. Es muy importante subrayar este punto para percibir de otra manera la situación de guerra social en la que estamos hundidos. Los campesinos se sienten solos. Los indígenas se sienten solos en sus territorios. Imagínense cómo se sienten 9 millones de compañeros indígenas que ya se fueron a trabajar como jornaleros, lejos de sus tierras, a los ranchos de agro-exportación. Sobre todo los que caen en ranchos en los desiertos, nadie puede escaparse de allí. Cómo se sentirán los obreros, sin el sentido de organización comunitaria de las comunidades campesinas; cómo se sienten las mujeres víctimas de asesinatos masivos. O cómo se sienten los jóvenes que no tienen ni en el campo ni en la ciudad —ni en la tierra ni en el cielo— ninguna oportunidad de nada.
“Todos nos estamos sintiendo solos, pero los campesinos tienen un fuego entre las manos. Es la relación con la naturaleza. Tienen la brújula de cómo se compone el mundo. Si algo define al capitalismo, es que separa a la sociedad respecto de la naturaleza. Y esta separación está llegando a un nivel que implica el suicidio de la humanidad. En esta situación de suicidio civilizatorio, la vida campesina tiene algo que sí es significativo para toda la humanidad: la única posibilidad de futuro.”.
–––––––––––
María Verónica Villa Arias (del Grupo ETC) presentó una versión más amplia de este texto en Cuernavaca en el simposio “Iván Illich: lo político en tiempos apocalípticos”, agosto de 2016.

Fuente: Suplemento Ojarasca 242

http://www.biodiversidadla.org/Principal/Secciones/Documentos/Los_cuidados_que_sostienen_al_mundo
          Republika Buriacja        
Republika Buriacja jest republiką autonomiczną, wchodzącą w skład Federacji Rosyjskiej w ramach Syberyjskiego Okręgu Federalnego. Jej stolicą jest Ułan-Ude. Odległość linii kolejowej między Ułan-Ude i Moskwą wynosi 5519 km. Powierzchnia Buriacji wynosi 351,3 tysiące km².


Rys. http://www.aquaexpert.ru/spa_san/region03/
Republikę utworzono 30 maja 1923 roku.

Od północy i zachodu (wzdłuż Jeziora Bajkał) Buriacja graniczy z Obwodem Irkuckim, na krańcowym zachodzie na stosunkowo krótkim dystansie przebiega granica z Republiką Tuwa, na południu przechodzi państwowa granica z Mongolią, na wschodzie zaś – granica z Krajem Zabajkalskim.

Buriacja położona jest w centralnej części Azji. To zdumiewająca i przepiękna kraina gór oraz stepów, rzek i wielu jezior, bezkresnej tajgi oraz zielonych dolin. Znajduje się wgłębi kontynentu, z dala od mórz i oceanów. Charakteryzuje się klimatem pełnym kontrastów, łączącym chłodne zimy i upalne lata. Klimat Buriacji jest korzystny z powodu obfitości światła, suchości powietrza i niewielkiego zachmurzenia. Jeśli zatem chcecie odpocząć, jak i również podkurować zdrowie, to Buriacja jest wprost dla was stworzona!

To stara i zadziwiająca ziemia. Spójrzcie na mapę – republika delikatnie obejmuje i, dosłownie jakby w dłoniach, trzyma Bajkał z czystą pitną wodą – jeden z największych skarbów współczesnego świata.

Fot. http://etobaikal.ru/cgi-bin/content.pl?id=9
 Przez Buriację przechodzą międzynarodowe szlaki turystyczne, powstałe na bazie historyczno-kulturowego dziedzictwa Rosji, Mongolii i Chin: „Wielki Szlak Herbaciany”, „Pierścień Wschodni”, „Ekspres Transsyberyjski”, szlak „Bajkał-Chubsuguł”. Funkcjonują tam profesjonalne organizacje turystyczne, których credo brzmi: „dzięki wysokiemu poziomowi bajkalskiej gościnności uczynić pobyt turystów w Buriacji niezapomnianym”.

Z pewnością utkwią wam w pamięci piesze wędrówki po tajdze, konne przejażdżki po stepach, nasyconych zapachami aromatycznych ziół, spławy rzekami górskimi, wspinaczki na najwyższy szczyt Wschodniej Syberii – Munku Sardyk, śpiewna polifonia staroobrzędowców, wesołość świąt narodowych: „Sagaałgana”, „Białego Miesiąca”, „Ałtargana”, „Boldera”, „Surcharbana” i „Eryn gurban naadan” z tradycyjną walką buriacką, strzelaniem z łuku i wyścigami konnymi, festiwale muzyki etnicznej „Gwiazdy Białego Miesiąca”, „Razdajsja, Korogod”, „Złoty Głos Bajkału”, a także czysta bajkalska woda i powietrze.

W Buriacji dominuje górzysta rzeźba terenu i z tego powodu jest to wspaniałe miejsce do aktywnego wypoczynku i uprawiania turystyki alpejskiej. Zachwyca różnorodność tutejszej przyrody: lasy, górsko-kamieniste tundry, alpejskie i subalpejskie łąki.

Świat roślinny i zwierzęcy jest tu niezwykle bogaty, występują korzystne dla zdrowia wody kopalne (jedno z czołowych takich miejsc w Rosji), słodkie, mineralne i termalne. Na bazie ich źródeł funkcjonują liczne kurorty, cieszące się wśród podróżników ogromną popularnością.

W dawnych czasach terytorium Buriacji zamieszkiwały różne ludy. W epoce brązu pojawiła się tu „kultura mogił płytowych”, która pozostawiła po sobie mnóstwo rysunków naskalnych oraz tych wewnątrz jaskiń. Zachowało się wiele zabytków historii, związanych z państwem Hunów, także istniejącym na tej ziemi. Żyło tu wiele plemion, lecz etnosy buriacki oraz ewenkijski pozostały dominującymi. Podróżując po Buriacji, możecie odbyć etno-wycieczkę ze zwiedzaniem wiosek rosyjskich starowierców, Buriatów oraz Ewenków. Obiad czy kolacja zjedzona u jednej z rodzin, piknik z potrawami narodowymi przygotowanymi z baraniny, spotkanie z szamanem, występy grupy folklorystycznej, kąpiel w górskich źródłach – wszystko to pozostawia żywe wspomnienia. Można także odbyć niezwykłą podróż do klasztorów buddyjskich – dacanów. Miłośnicy silnych wrażeń mogą udać się do świętego miejsca szamanów, znajdującego się 400 km od szlaku kiachtańskiego. Amatorom spławów rzecznych spodobają się komfortowe statki motorowe pływające wzdłuż rzeki Selengi.

Jednak zdecydowanie najbardziej niezapomnianym wrażeniem pozostaje, oczywiście, Bajkał. Zachodnia część akwenu tego ogromnego „morza syberyjskiego”, wraz z wyspą Olchon, wchodzi administracyjnie w skład Obwodu Irkuckiego. Z kolei wschodnia część z krańcem północnym przynależy do Buriacji. Takiej wody nie ma w żadnym innym jeziorze, to najgłębszy i najczystszy zbiornik wody słodkiej na Ziemi. Kotlina Bajkału zawiera w sobie piątą część wody światowej. Wiek jeziora szacuje się na około trzydzieści milionów lat. Krótko mówiąc, nie trzeba być ani biologiem, ani zoologiem, ani ekologiem, aby poznać unikatowy charakter tego olbrzymiego słodkiego morza. To właśnie tutaj kierują się miłośnicy turystyki ekologicznej oraz koneserzy spokojnego i komfortowego wypoczynku.

Wschodni, buriacki brzeg jeziora jest niestromy, przyjazny. Góry Barguzińskie odchodzą daleko od Bajkału, pozostawiając miejsce dla łąk oraz słonecznych uroczysk. Choć nie mało jest tu też i górzystych przylądków, a także zacisznych zatok. A każdy zakątek przy brzegu to wprost marzenie Robinsona.

Fot. http://eko-jizn.ru/?p=1766
Żyje tu specyficzny gatunek foki – bajkalska nerpa. Jest symbolem Bajkału, jedynym ssakiem zamieszkującym to słodkie jezioro. W jaki sposób typowa mieszkanka zbiorników słonych trafiła do centrum kontynentu azjatyckiego, pozostaje wciąż dla nauki zagadką. Nie mniejszą tajemnicą jest rybka gołomianka – pozbawiona łusek i na tyle przezroczysta, że widać jej wnętrzności. I, podobnie jak niektóre ryby tropikalne, nie składa ikry, lecz rodzi swe potomstwo. W Bajkale żyją też babki bycze, słynny omul, jesiotr, a także inne gatunki ryb.

W porównaniu ze stroną irkucką, ta buriacka nie jest aż tak zagospodarowana, jest tu spokojnie, brzegi są niezasiedlone, a dziewicza przyroda nietknięta. Można kąpać się i opalać, pić wodę prosto z Bajkału oraz źródeł termalnych, żeglować i jeździć na nartach. Można też wyruszyć na przejażdżkę konną lub wycieczkę wodną taksówką.

Buriacja jest rajem dla ekoturystów, alpinistów, miłośników górskiego trekkingu oraz po prostu amatorów aktywnego odpoczynku. Zadziwiając swoją różnorodnością, pozostawia w duszy wspomnienia, które nie mogą się z niczym równać. Z tego powodu Bajkał jest jedyny taki na świecie, wyjątkowy!



Wyświetl większą mapę


Źródło: http://www.russiatourism.ru/map/-1694498862/ (wgląd: 21.05.2011).

          Deepak Bajracharya        



Birth Date: 2nd May.
Birth Place: Binche Bahal Lalitpur, Nepal.
Occupation: Music Arranger, Performer, singer and Managing Director of Royal Tune Records Pvt. Ltd.
Sex: Male.
Education Qualification: Bachelor in Business.
Program or concerts attend: More Than 300
Marital Status: Married.
First song: Chodi Gayeu Priya.
First concert: City Hall in 1988.
Recorded Songs: More than 250 in countdown.




Some of the Solo Performances by Deepak Bachracharya are as enlisted below:



                                  CONCERTS                                                          LOCATION



          1.      A close encounter with Deepak Bajracharya                      Patan Durbar Square
          2.      Ma ra Mero Guitar                                                              Malla Hotel.
          3.      Let the children Walk  presented by Ashok Baskota.         â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦..
          4.      Presented by NHEICC and WHO                                      Dasrath Stadium Kathmandu.
          5.      Deepak Bajracharya live in Patan                                        Patan Durbar Square.
          6.      Deepak Bajracharya Live in Bal Mandir                             Bal Mandir.
          7.      Deepak Bajracharya Live                                                     Biratnagar (2005)
          8.      Deepak Bajracharya Live in unplugged                               Royal Nepal Academy  (2004)
          9.      Deepak Bajracharya Performing  Live                                Pokhara (2003/2004/2005) 
          10.  World no Tobacco Day Mega Event by Deepak Bajracharya Live     (2003) 
           11.  Deepak’s Night                                                                     Hong Kong (2002)
Other Concerts attend by Deepak Bajracharya with Others Singers and artist is as follows:

ARTIST NAME                                            LOCATION
    1. Ram K Dhakal and J Rajani Kant                     Japan
    2. Lucky Ali                                                          Nepal (Kathmandu and Pokhara)
    3. Indira Gurung                                                    Japan
    4. 1974 A.D                                                         Hong Kong and Icon 2003 at Kathmandu Nepal
    5. Lujaw, Rovin and Mongolian Heart                  Dasrath Stadium Kathmandu, Nepal.
Nominated Song for Awards :
Bhannai Sakina 2011 A.D (2067 B.S)
Jhumi Jhumi 2005 A.D (2061 B.S)
Ritu 2004 A.D (2060 B.S)
Andhyaroma 2002 A.D. (2059 B.S)
Timi Nai Timi 2000 A.D (2057 B.S)
Samaya 1999 A.D (2056)
Mitighar, Sunshan 1998 A.D (2055 B.S)
Oh Amira 1997 A.D (2054 B.S)
Awards Received as a best Performer are as provided below:
1   1.      Taal Music Award as the album of the year in 2003 A.D (2060 B.S)
     2.      Icon 2003 A.D
     3.      Best Male Vocal Performance Award in Aaha Pop Music in 2003 A.D (2060 B.S)
     4.      Hits F.M Best Male vocal Performance in 1999 A.D (2056 B.S)
      5.      Best Music Video Award on Event Millennium Award in 2003 A.D (2060 B.S)
Brands Ambassador for:
1.      Samsung electronics.
2.      Anna Lifan Motorcycle.
3.      Bagpiper Whiskey.
4.      World link communication.
5.      Kodak Film
                            Released Album by Deepak Bajracharya:

1.      Aasai Aasma.
2.      Oh Amira.
3.      Samaya.
4.      Best of Deepak Bajracharya.
5.      Geet.
6.      Aashar.
7.      Jhumi Jhumi.
8.      On rush.


Some of the Popular Songs by Deepak Bajracharya:
      1.Oh Amira.
      2. Kati Baschau Maitighar Ma.
      3. Adhyaroma Chauchau Timi.
      4. Kaali Kalli Hissi Pareki.
      5. Samaya.
      6. Ritu.
      7. Ju Ju Na Na.
      8. Timilai Bhuleko Chaina.
      9.  Ritu.
      10. Jhumi Jhumi.



          ã€Šå¤§è…¦ç°¡å²ã€‹é«˜é†«å¤§åº§è«‡è©•è«–:〈當我們向欲望說不〉by 陳信吉        

[當我們向欲望說不]

謝伯讓
基於瀰因(或迷因,但個人較喜歡用瀰字,取其瀰漫擴散卻又沒有明確界線之意)、感官追求與自殺行為而逐漸推導出「生物經過四十億年的演化,大腦已經(或正在)超脫自私基因的掌控」這樣的論述,其論述基礎簡而言之,即是人類能夠做出對基因繁衍不利的行為,例如基因為了讓人類得以生存,會讓人喜歡吃有熱量的食物,而人類偏偏會去吃代糖來「欺騙」基因;或是基因為了讓人類得以繁衍,會讓人喜歡性行為,但人類偏偏懂得用避孕來享受基因「賜予」的快樂,卻又不承擔基因「要求」的責任,至於自殺那就更不用說了,連生命都不要了,當然就是從根本上違反了基因的利益!

然而,就如同我先前所述,吃代糖與避孕最多只能說是人類對基因「掌控」的妥協,而不是真的超脫了基因的掌控,如果人類真的超脫了基因的掌控,那應該要能控制自己吃高熱量食物的欲望,或能自主選擇與無益於繁衍的對象發生性行為,甚至乾脆不發生性行為才是--「所謂自由,是能夠說『不』!」,這樣的觀點,曾經主修哲學的本書作者應該也不陌生。

所以,要是哪天人類真的能自我克制了,真的能對基因的「掌控」說「不」了,就是真的超脫基因的掌控囉?其實也很難說!因為,基因賦予人類的,可不只是吃高熱量食物、發生性行為等等的欲望,包括人類的理性思考判斷能力,也是基因賦予的(基因賦予能力,內容則由人類去寫,不過有演化學者指出[天地不仁,基因非人]

就如同顏聖紘老師說的,我們很容易把其他生命擬人化,並過度解讀他們,謝伯讓的《大腦簡史》試圖探討<生物經過四十億年的演化,大腦是否已經超脫自私基因的掌控?>時,也一樣將基因給擬人化了,似乎基因具有自己的意志,並想要「掌控」人類的行為,然而,基因,就如同那位一樣被擬人化了的「紅色皇后」,都只不過是設定了遊戲規則,然後就不管了,我們愛怎麼玩怎麼玩,他們才不會在乎。

對紅色皇后來說,這生物圈就如同一座大蠱罈,所有的生物自行在其中演化,凡是能夠持續繁衍的就留下,無法維繫的就淘汰,他並不會去評判誰比誰更好,或預設任何大小快慢軟硬等等的標準,來決定要留下哪些而淘汰掉哪些。

基因也是,他只是在紅色皇后的遊戲規則下逐漸演進的結果,但除此之外,以人類的基因來說,他除了設定好「吃甜食會讓你感到愉悅」、「到了一定的年齡生殖系統會成熟,然後會受到性對象的刺激,發生性行為後會感到滿足」等「規則」之外,剩下的就是我們的事了,我們吃不吃甜食、我們做不做愛,我們吃甜食會不會得到養分、我們做愛能不能懷孕,他才不在乎,也無從在乎。

是的,理論上,會隨著基因而遺傳下來的「規則」,應該是對基因的繁衍有利的才對(所謂自私基因),但實際上,這個蠱罈無一日不變,誰也無法預知哪些規則會繼續有利或是不是還有其他更有利的規則,所以人類的基因不僅沒有「掌控」我們的大腦,甚至還給了我們的大腦更大的「彈性」,讓人類能夠隨著環境與群體關係等的差異,選擇要一夫一妻還是一夫多妻,而不是如同黑猩猩或長臂猿,要嘛一夫多妻要嘛一夫一妻,甚至要如同巴布諾猿般來個雜交派對,不要戰爭只要性愛,都是可以的。

所以,人類已經脫離自私基因的掌控了嗎?既無掌控,何來脫離?


[被限定的自由,自以為的自由]

噢,人類既然不受(自私)基因的掌控,那就是自由的囉?不不不!差得遠呢!

基因確實沒有掌控我們「一定要生存」、「一定要繁衍」,而允許人類節食、自殺、避孕,但他仍然「掌控」著我們的很多的行為,例如你還是會想吃甜食,也還是 會想做愛,因為這些才是基因真正「掌控」的部分,就如同一個只看成績的三流老師一般,只要你成績有達到標準(性器官受到刺激並達到高潮),他就給你獎勵, 至於你這個成績是扎扎實實地讀書讀來的(無避孕陰道性交)、
偷看隔壁的(避孕性交)、還是自己帶小抄的(自慰),他才不管!

換句話說,我們不是不自由,只是我們的自由是受限的,在本能衝動的層級,我們受到基因的「掌控」,但如何表現或滿足本能衝動,卻有選擇的自由,或者說,基因支持下的大腦的彈性,讓我們以為我們有選擇的自由。

為什麼這麼說?再拿多偶制或單偶制當例子:我們可能會認為,婚姻制度的建構是自由的,君不見各種不同的文化其婚姻制度都不同,如此豐富多樣,怎麼可能是事先建構好的呢?這問題的答案,既是,也不是,是的部分是,它的確豐富多樣而必然有其可允許的彈性空間,不是的部分是,這個彈性空間並不是無限的,反受到某些前提的左右而讓這個空間可大可小或朝不同的方向挪移。

馬克思說:「經濟基礎決定上層建築。」而婚姻制度便是受經濟基礎決定的上層建築中很具代表性的一個,例如從多偶制轉變到單偶制的過程,其主要力量來自於中 產階級,因生產方式的改變,中產階級增加,反過來推翻了貴族階級對性的壟斷,而且社會資源分配相對平均的社會,一夫一妻制對兩性皆有利,反之,當今社會隨著資本主義的盛行,中產階級萎縮,貧富差距擴大,有越來越多女性不婚(與低社經地位者結合對女性利益有限)的同時,也有越來越多女性願意成為富人的小三、小四(與高社經地位者的伴侶競爭資源仍然有利,更何況現在還有DNA檢測技術能保障非婚生子女的受扶養權與遺產繼承權),繼續這樣下去會不會哪天一夫一妻制崩潰或至少名存實亡?誰也不知道!但很顯然的,在階級社會談一夫一妻制有如笑話,就跟在資源平等分配的社會要搞一夫多妻很困難一樣,都不是你愛怎麼樣就怎麼樣的「文化自由」。

所以,想脫離基因的掌控?先問問你自己能不能克制不吃三高(高油高鹽高糖)的食物,或願意與任何年齡、身材、社經地位的人發生性關係先!

2016/9/4 by 陳信吉

          åŠ£è­¯çš„末日        




三月寫出的一篇文,這幾天遭到洗板圍剿,就在我見到留言一面倒並打算沈默認輸的時候,煽風點火之王妖西竟開始在一旁敲碗催戰。批踢踢昔日戰神來催戰?這不回應好像有點說不過去。所以囉,持反對意見的朋友們,接招吧。

2016年3月,網路上一篇「奇文」〈審定者獎金獵人制!〉橫空出世,此文傳入譯者圈後,眾皆譁然,爆氣的爆氣、白眼的白眼、謾罵的謾罵,所有留言全清同色一面倒,一概指出此法毫不可行。

就在此時,另一個平行世界中的孿生地球上,有一家在台灣專門出版科普書的「碧島出版社」的老總看到了這篇文章,這位老總不知是弱智腦殘還是天生反骨,偏偏要拿此法一試。於是,碧島出版社根據〈審定者獎金獵人制!〉推出了「譯者恥辱契約」,要求所有旗下的譯者簽約照辦。

當時
碧島出版社旗下有百位譯者,其中十位是高手中的高手,這幾位高手自恃譯功了得,心想自己絕不可能在這生意中栽了跟斗,於是率先簽下合約。另外還有十位自以為是高手、但其實是劣手的傻子,也因為自我感覺良好而笨笨的簽了約。

一年過後,十位劣手果不其然全數陣亡,他們不但稿費被扣光,而且還身敗名裂,從此自翻譯圈中黯然隱退。至於那十位高手,由於他們錯誤率極低,因此在翻完第一本書後很快成為科普翻譯圈中的焦點人物,有了正面名聲之後,他們的案子開始增多,簽約前原本每年只能囫圇搶接到一本書,現在每年可以翻四到五本,完全能夠以全職譯者的身份養家活口。

不出三年,這十位譯者就變成了科普翻譯界的「明星職業譯者」,放眼孿生地球上過去二十年的科普翻譯界,這種明星譯者現象除了一位叫做「屠書」的教授之外,真可謂前所未見!這幾位明星譯者一冒出頭,眾家出版社和翻譯無不爭相競奪,很快的,明星譯者就開始收到過多的翻譯邀約,於是,他們開始以價制量,要求出版社提高稿費,同時,由於明星Manifesto gañador do Correlingua 2014.
Redactado polos AMENEIROS, alumnos e alumnas de 3ºA do IES Isaac Díaz Pardo, baixo a coordinación das profesoras Ana Álvarez e Pilar García.


GALEGO, O PASO ADIANTE
E nunca máis un paso atrás, NUNCA MÁIS!!!!
Trazamos un camiño
que arranca esta mañá co Cola-Cao e os cereais.
Bos días en galego, por que non?
Espreguízome con Doraemon, que saca do seu peto máxico o Xabarín Club.
Baixo os chanzos da escaleira, saio da casa co pé dereito, coa mochila e co noso galego.
E xa estou no mundo, no meu  mundo, no teu mundo galego!!
GALEGO,  O PASO ADIANTE
Miraremos atrás só para disfrutar do moito que avanzamos.
Os meus amigos espéranme na rúa,
- EH! Viches que cambiei o meu perfil?
Si, eu dei o paso adiante co galego.
A que esperas ti?
- Quen nos ía dicir que estaría ben  whassapear en galego!. Non si?
- Abofé que si.
GALEGO, O PASO ADIANTE
- Pincha hoxe mesmo no “hashtags”do teu Twitter:
                              # GALEGO
e verás cantos estamos conectados no mundo.
GALEGO, O PASO ADIANTE
Esta nosa Penélope que  tece e tece no galego
e NUNCA DESTECE.
Paso a paso construímos un mundo novo, o noso mundo, o noso mundo futuro, co noso idioma galego. Somos NÓS os que decidimos onde empregalo,  alí onde vaiamos: no instituto, na vila ou  na cidade, tanto ten: virá con NÓS.
GALEGO, O PASO ADIANTE
Este fío invisible e forte que é a lingua vén ao noso carón alá onde vaiamos; ensinémoslla ao mundo en twiter, en facebook...
poñamos o xermolo en cada faro,en cada deserto,en cada estrada,en cada boca que desperta ao mundo.
GALEGO, O PASO ADIANTE
O paso que damos nós cara ao futuro,
nós, si
nós decidimos  empregar a nosa lingua.
GALEGO, O PASO ADIANTE
Nos camiños do mundo enteiro, haberá un corazón galego que latexará co noso acento: sen pudor, sen vergoña , sen prexuízos que abafen a nosa valentía e a nosa responsabilidade de representar a Galicia.
Porque nos une, porque nos fai máis fortes e porque nos identifica na “tea dos teus soños”  DÍAZ CASTRO.
          Sisa-Sisa Perang Nuklir Mahabaratha (Baratayudha)        

Ratusan panah-panah api (missile) berterbangan dilangit, tak kalahnya panah-panah api berekor panjang (laser) juga terlihat membelah cakrawala, bola-bola api raksasa (nuclear blast) menyilaukan dan membutakan mata, semua itu diakhiri suara menggelegar yang memekakkan telinga, ribuan nyawa manusia dan hewan melayang tak terkira dan menyisakan kehancuran yang dahsyat di berbagai tempat dimuka Bumi tercinta.
Apa mungkin 15.000 tahun SM, ada perang nuklir dan peradaban manusia sudah demikian tinggi? Padahal, teknologi nuklir merupakan teknologi hi-tech yang dikerjakan oleh para ahli fisika.
Kesalahan kecil yang terjadi pada peralatan atau prosesnya dapat menjadi bencana, penebar maut. Seperti kebocoran di reaktor nuklir Chernobyl milik Rusia yang menelan banyak korban jiwa karena radiasi radio aktif.
Ada kabar menarik dari arkeolog India. Ditemukan sejumlah bukti yang menunjukkan di India diduga pernah terjadi 2 perang besar yang menggunakan senjata pemusnah massal.
Penelitian dilakukan oleh oleh Michael Cremo tahun 2003, arkeolog senior dari AS. Selama 8 tahun, penganut agama Hindu ini meneliti narasumber dari kitab suci Weda dan Jain, yang ditulis pendeta Walmiki, ribuan tahun lalu. Cremo tertarik menginvestigasi dan mendalami dua kitab suci tersebut.
Ia menemukan nama-nama yang tertera di kitab tersebut ada di India. Ditemani tim dan rekannya, Dr.Rao C.S, arkeolog terkemuka India, ia meneliti dengan perangkat canggih “penjejak waktu” ( thermoluminenscence dating method ) untuk setiap obyek.
Dengan karbon radio isotop, keakuratan umur objek mampu dijejak hingga miliaran tahun ke belakang. Kitab Weda ternyata bisa menjadi nara sumber akurat, mengungkap kisah-kisah sebenarnya beribu tahun lalu. Tak semata kitab suci.
Mereka mencoba mengupas isi kisah Mahabarata, dari awal kejadian hingga perang Bharatayudha, ditandai berakhirnya perjalanan keluarga Bharata. Mereka yang berperang, berasal dari keturunan Pandu dan Destrarata, 2 bersaudara.
Baratayuda, adalah istilah yang dipakai di Indonesia untuk menyebut perang besar di Kurukshetra antara keluarga Pandawa melawan Korawa. Perang ini merupakan klimaks dari kisah Mahabharata, yaitu sebuah wira carita terkenal dari India.
Dr.Rao meneliti bukti-bukti sejarah di lautan, di teluk Gujarat, untuk mengungkap bukti keberadaan Kerajaan Dwaraka. Istana Sri Krisna, otak penggalang strategis dari pihak Pandawa. Konon, kerajaan ini musnah ditelan gelombang laut tahun 1478 SM, setelah perang Bharatayudha tahun 1443 SM.

Princes of the Indonesian epic, Bharata Yhuda or The Great Battle, are carved in stone in this monument in Freedom Square. Bhatara Kresna and Raden Arjuna Sastra are two handsome princes of the Pandawa Lima lineage, shown here inspecting the war front battle station. with a bow and arrow, riding a chariot of eight galloping horses – a scene supposedly taken from Bharata Yuda War when Arjuna defeated Karna. The monument holds great significance for the locals, with some believing that the very figure opens a door to the spiritual world. (touristspot.ruvenga.com)
Michael Cremo mengadakan penelitian di daratan, diantaranya: Indraprasta, Hastinapura, dan padang Khurusethra, bekas perang itu terjadi. Seperti diketahui, Indraprasta merupakan tempat bermukim keluarga Pandawa di awal perjuangan merebut Hastina. Khurusethra adalah bekas pertempuran dahsyat keluarga Bharata.
Para ahli menemukan banyak bukti yang mengejutkan. Tanah tegalan luas itu ternyata tak ditumbuhi tanaman apa pun, karena tercemar radio aktif. Pada puing-puing bangunan atau sisa-sisa tengkorak manusia yang ditemukan di Mohenjo Daro tercemar residu radio aktif yang cukup pekat.
Menurut Dr.Indrajit, ahli termonuklir, hal ini terjadi diduga akibat radiasi ledakan termonuklir skala besar dalam peperangan tersebut. Jelasnya terdapat dalam kalimat Weda yang diterjemahkan bebas seperti ini, ”Arjuna yang gagah berani, duduk dalam Weimana/ Vimana.

Terlihat relief Vimana  sedang melayang  di kanan atas
Dalam Ufology, Vimana adalah wahana mirip piring terbang. Bahkan ada teori, bahwa dulunya Vimana adalah istilah untuk kendaraan alien yang berperang dengan manusia Bumi yang pada saat itu juga sudah canggih.
Teori kedua dalam Ufology, bahwa dulunya ada dua ras alien yang memperebutkan Bumi dan menghasilkan radiasi-radiasi yang hingga kini masih dapat dibuktikan.
Oleh kerenanya, manusia mengganggap bahwa para alien tersebut adalah “Dewa-dewa dari langit” yang sangat tangguh dan perkasa, lalu manusia membuat ceritanya dalam kitab-kitab Hindu.
Vimana dapat mendarat di tengah air, lalu mengangkat gendewa dan meluncurkan sebatang anak panah. Semacam senjata mirip rudal/ roket, yang dapat menimbulkan sekaligus melepaskan nyala api yang bersinar terang di atas wilayah musuh.
Curahannya seperti hujan lebat yang deras, mengepung musuh dengan kekuatan dahsyat. Setelah panah itu tiba pada sasarannya, dalam sekejap sebuah bayangan yang tebal dengan cepat terbentuk seperti cendawan raksasa merekah di atas wilayah kurawa.
Angkasa menjadi gelap gulita, semua kompas yang ada dalam kegelapan menjadi tidak berfungsi, kemudian badai angin yang dahsyat mulai bertiup wuuus… wuuus, disertai debu pasir.
Burung-burung bercicit panik seolah-olah langit runtuh dan bumi gonjang-ganjing. Sementara itu di atas langit, matahari seolah-olah bergoyang, panas membara memancarkan udara mengerikan, membuat bumi berguncang, dan gunung-gunung bergoyang.”
Kerajaan Dwaraka. Istana Sri Krisna,
“Di kawasan darat yang luas, binatang-binatang mati terbakar dan berubah bentuk. Air sungai kering kerontang, ikan, udang dan hewan laut lainnya, semuanya mati.”
“Saat panah (apakah roket atau senjata laser?) meledak, suaranya bagaikan halilintar, membuat prajurit musuh berjatuhan bagaikan batang pohon yang terbakar hangus. Akibat yang ditimbulkan oleh senjata Arjuna tersebut, tercipta badai api, diikuti ledakan dahsyat yang memancarkan debu beracun (radio aktif?).”
Menurut kepercayaan populer Kuil Mahabalipuram bukan suatu kuil, tetapi suatu candi yang terakhir dari serangkaian tujuh candi, enam di antaranya telah tenggelam.
Penemuan bangunan utama reruntuhan itu terjadi pada bulan April 2002 di lepas pantai Mahabalipuram di Tamil Nadu, India Selatan, pada kedalaman 5 hingga 7 meter (15-21 kaki) dilakukan oleh tim gabungan dari Dorset Scientific Exploration Society (SES) dan India’s National Institute of Oceanography (NIO).
Penyelidikan di lokasi masing-masing ditemukan batu, sisa-sisa tembok yang tersebar, batu persegi dan blok persegi panjang dan platform besar dengan undak-undakan yang menuju ke sana. Semua ini berbaring di tengah-tengah formasi geologis batuan lokal.
Terdapat 4 sosok singa di empat lokasi, reruntuhan itu disimpulkan menjadi bagian dari kompleks candi.
Dinasti Pallava, yang menguasai wilayah itu selama abad ke-7 Masehi, dikenal memiliki banyak bangunan batu keras seperti struktural candi di Mahabalipuram dan Kanchipuram.
 reruntuhan Kerajaan Dwaraka, istana Prabu Krisna.
Poet Dwarka (India)
Di antara yang paling menarik dari penemuan-penemuan arkeologi yang dibuat di India dalam beberapa tahun terakhir adalah yang dibuat di lepas pantai dan Bet Dwarka Dwarka di Gujarat.
Penggalian telah berlangsung sejak 1983. Ini adalah dua tempat yang terpisah 30 km satu sama lain. Dwarka berada di pantai laut Arab, dan Bet Dwarka adalah di Teluk Kutch.
Kedua tempat ini dihubungkan dengan legenda tentang Kresna yang baik. Ada banyak candi di sini, terutama yang termasuk ke dalam periode abad pertengahan.
Dinilai sebagai salah satu dari tujuh kota paling tua di negara ini, kota legendaris Dvaraka adalah tempat kediaman Lord Krishna. Hal ini diyakini bahwa akibat kerusakan dan kehancuran oleh laut, Dvaraka telah tenggelam enam kali!
Untuk memperluas dan memperdalam penelitian ini, Unicef dan NASA membantu pemotretan dengan citra lansat satelit. Dari hasil riset dan pemotretan yang difokuskan di hulu sungai Gangga, para arkeolog menemukan banyak sisa puing bangunan yang telah menjadi batu hangus.
 Kuil Mahabalipuram
Batu besar reruntuhan ini ketika dilekatkan jadi satu, permukaannya menonjol dan cekung tidak merata. Ketika dicoba melebur bebatuan tsb, ternyata dibutuhkan suhu minimal 1.800 derajat celcius! Batu biasa dalam keadaan normal tak mencapai suhu ini.
Kecuali pada benda-benda yang terkena radiasi nuklir, baru bisa mencapai suhu yang demikian tinggi. Di pedalaman hutan primitif India, peneliti juga menemukan lebih banyak reruntuhan batu hangus.
Tembok kota yang runtuh dikristalisasi, licin seperti kaca, lapisan luar perabot rumah tangga yang terbuat dari batu dalam bangunan juga telah di-kaca-lisasi. Para peneliti heran, selain di India, batu radiasi juga ditemukan di bekas Kerajaan Babilonia Kuno, Gurun Sahara dan Gurun Gobi di Mongolia!
Inilah bukti reruntuhan perang nuklir prasejarah, derajat radiasi masih terekam meski kejadiannya ribuan tahun SM ( Sebelum Masehi ). Batu kaca pada reruntuhan tersebut, semuanya sama persis dengan batu kaca pada kawasan percobaan nuklir saat ini.
Diduga kuat perang Bharatayudha adalah perang nuklir yang terjadi antara 30.000 – 15.000 SM. Untuk meneliti lebih jauh penyebaran batu radiasi ini, para ahli nuklir PBB akan mengungkapnya dalam program khusus.
Kerajaan Dwaraka ditelan laut
Penelitian yang dilakukan Dr. Rao di bawah lautan didasarkan petunjuk Weda, bahwa Kerajaan Dwaraka ditelan laut beberapa saat setelah Bharatayudha usai. Kerajaan Dwaraka adalah kediaman Sri Krisna, raja yang pegang kendali strategis di perang saudara ini.
Dalam kitab suci Hindu, ia merupakan jelmaan Dewa Wisnu, pemelihara perdamaian. Keberadaan Dwaraka dilakukan selama 8 tahun, dan baru jelas setelah dibantu citra satelit NASA. Dari sana ditemukan jejak kerajaan tersebut di bawah Teluk Gujarat.
Setelah ada petunjuk pasti, akhirnya Dwaraka berhasil ditemukan dalam keadaan hancur digulung gelombang Laut Arab yang cukup dahsyat. Dari hasil investigasi, banyak temuan berharga indikator kehidupan makhluk 15.000 tahun lalu.
Selain tembikar, ada bongkahan batu besar yang diduga benteng dan dinding istana. Batuan dipenuhi ornamen indah, lonceng kuil dari tembaga, jangkar kapal, pot bunga dari keramik, serta uang emas dan tembaga.
Penemuan logam ini memperlihatkan kepada kita, bahwa peradaban 30.000 – 15.000 tahun lalu ternyata sudah tinggi. Tak heran temuan ini mengindikasikan penggunaan senjata pemusnah massal di perang itu.

space wars & star wars (ilustrasi)
Bahkan menurut beberapa ahli yang lebih kontroversial malah menyatakan, bahwa pada masa lalu manusia sudah beberapa kali hampir mengalami pemusnahan massal akibat perang nuklir, perang bintang dan perang-perang besar lainnya.
Hingga manusia yang dapat bertahan hidup dan berlindung (survive) hanya tersisa ribuan jiwa saja, lalu mereka kembali ke zaman batu atau “seperti” zaman prasejarah.
Kemudian terus berkembang-biak kembali menjadi jutaan dan milyaran. Lalu terjadi lagi perang besar di bumi yang menyebabkan kemusnahan massal manusia, lalu berkembang-biak lagi, begitu seterusnya selama belasan kali.
Namun tak selamanya perang besar terjadi akibat peperangan antara manusia di bumi. Menurut paneliti yang tertarik masalah Ufology, manusia juga pernah melawan makhluk-makhluk luar angkasa atau alien, dan akhirnya juga menyisakan kehancuran dahsyat di Bumi.
Perlawanan ini juga membuktikan bahwa pada masa lalu peradaban manusia di bumi telah canggih, jika tidak canggih maka tak mungkin ras manusia berani  melawan. Tapi akibat kekalahan teknologi yang jauh-jauh lebih canggih, ras manusia kalah namun berhasil untuk bertahan hidup dibawah pemukaan bumi.
Setelah beberapa dekade radiasi di permukaan bumi mulai menurun, merekapun mulai berani kembali ke permukaan dan memulai kembali peradaban ras manusia dari awal.
Menurut peneliti Ufology dan peneliti sejarah peradaban dunia yang kontroversial, peristiwa hampir punahnya ras manusia ini tak hanyak terjadi sekali, namun berkali-kali, dan manusia selalu dapat bertahan hidup walau hanya tersisa ribuan saja dan kembali memulai peradaban baru hingga suatu saat kembali maju dan canggih.

space battle & space wars (ilustrasi)
Dari penemuan-penemuan itu, Dr. Michael Creko membukukan laporan dalam 3 buku yang dicetak tahun 2006. Beberapa diantaranya:
Forbidden Archaelogis, The Hidden History of Human Race, dan Human Devolution, yang isinya menentang teori Darwin, tentang evolusi manusia.
Dr. Rao dari hasil karyanya memperoleh penghargaan “The World Ship Trust Award” dari PBB atas penemuan siklus kehidupan manusia yang memutus teori Darwin.
Pada awalnya, kisah-kisah inilah yang dibukukan dalam kitab Hindu dan menjadi kisah yang menarik tentang perang besar pada zaman dahulu kala ini (Armageddon).
Bahkan di Indonesia saat agama Hindu masuk ke Nusantara, cerita perang ini telah menjadi budaya Indonesia terutama di Jawa dan Bali.
Budaya ini telah melekat di Indonesia hingga kini, salah satunya melalui tradisi Wayang, baik itu wayang orang atau wayang kulit bahkan wayang golek.
Cerita tentang Baratayudha tersebut tetap mengakar hingga ke generasi muda di Indonesia sebagai generasi penerus kebudayaan tua ini. Karena cara ini adalah salah satu jalan agar kisah heriok ini tetap lestari di kemudian hari.
Cara lainnya untuk melestarikan kisah ini juga dilakukan dengan penulisan buku-buku dari banyak literatur-literatur kuno di zaman Hindu. Bahkan sudah ada beberapa permainan (games) elektronik di komputer tentang kisah peperangan Ramayana dan Baratayudha ini.

Di Indonesia, cerita pewayangan seperti perang Bharata Yudha (kisah perang di Mahabharata) masih banyak diceritakan langsung secara turun-temurun oleh para orang tua kepada generasi mudanya.
Selain itu, masih banyak pula kakek-nenek dan orang tua dari generasi sebelumnya terus menceritakan kembali kisah menarik ini kepada anak dan cucunya, termasuk di dalamnya tentang kisah perang Baratayudha.
Namun banyak pula peneliti dan budayawan yang menyatakan bahwa kisah itu hanya sekedar mitos atau fiksi kuno belaka.
Tapi itu semua dapat dipatahkan dengan penemuan-penemuan arkeologi dan sejarah yang sama-sama bersinergi dan dapat membuktikan fakta-fakta yang ada dan telah terjadi di lapangan.
Karena bisa jadi, itu semua memang bagian dari sejarah yang nyata bagi peradaban ras manusia di muka Bumi untuk selalu bertahan dari kepunahan. “Life will find the way…” (berbagai sumber)

          Patung Buddha Berbahan Meteorit Usia Ribuan Tahun        

Seorang ilmuwan asal Jerman menemukan sebuah patung Buddha kuno yang asal-usul bahannya dari luar angkasa, yaitu material yang digunakan dari bahan meteorit!
Sosok patung Buddha tersebut sedang duduk dengan satu kakinya terlipat, dan sedang memegang sesuatu di tangan kirinya. Di dadanya terlihat lambang swastika Budha, simbol keberuntungan yang sama dengan Nazi Jerman.
Patung tersebut terbuat dari jenis meteorit logam ataxite yang memiliki kandungan nikel tinggi. Meteorit ataxite terbesar yang pernah diketahui, adalah meteorit ataxite Hoba Namibia yang beratnya bisa mencapai lebih dari 60 ton.

Meteorit jenis ataxite terbesar didunia, jenis yang sama digunakan untuk patung Buddha ini berada di Hoba Namibia beratnya lebih dari 60 ton.
Sosok yang terpahat adalah Vaisravana, juga dikenal sebagai Jambhala yaitu dewa yang dalam agama Buddha dipercaya sebagai Dewa Kekayaan dan Dewa Perang, dan ia sering digambarkan memegang lemon (simbol kekayaan) atau kantung uang di tangannya.
“Patung ini dipahat menggunakan sebuah meteorit besi, dari fragmen meteorit Chinga yaitu meteorit Besi-Nikel, yang menabrak daerah perbatasan antara Mongolia dan Siberia sekitar 15.000 tahun yang lalu,” kata Elmar Buchner dari Stuttgart University, Jerman.
Dalam sebuah makalah yang diterbitkan di jurnal Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Buchner dan rekannya menuliskan analisis geokimia tentang “Buddha dari Luar Angkasa” yang jika dibaca mirip sekali dengan cerita dalam film Indiana Jones.
Patung setinggi 9,5 inci atau 24 cm tersebut, ditemukan pada tahun 1938 pada sebuah ekspedisi yang mendapat dukungan dari Kepala SS, Heinrich Himmler, dan dipimpin oleh seorang ahli zoologi, Ernst Schafer, dalam rangka ekspedisi menjelajahi Tibet untuk mencari asal-usul atau akar dari bangsa Aria.
Ada spekulasi dari peneliti, apakah karena ada lambang swastika di dada Buddha, yang mirip dengan swastika Nazi, maka kemudian Nazi Jerman membawa patung itu ke negaranya.
Setelah tiba di Jerman, patung yang disebut juga sebagai “Iron Man” tersebut menjadi koleksi pribadi.
Peneliti Elmar Bucher dan rekan-rekannya pertama menganalisa patung pada tahun 2007, ketika pemilik memungkinkan mereka untuk mengambil lima sampel kecil dari patung tersebut.

Meteorit terbesar dari jenis ataxite di Hoba Namibia ini terdiri dari bahan Nikel, terlihat logam Nikel yang telah dipotong oleh tangan-tangan vandalisme.
Pada tahun 2009, tim memiliki kesempatan untuk mengambil sampel yang lebih besar dari bagian dalam patung.
Sampel ini jauh lebih steril terhadap pelapukan dan kontaminasi tangan manusia daripada sampel dari luar patung seperti sampel awal yang diambil sebelumnya.
Tak lama setelahnya, kemudian patung tersebut dilelang oleh pemiliknya. Bobot patung ini diketahui 23 pound atau 10,6 kilogram. Patung ini tidak diukir menggunakan bahan yang biasa.
Buchner dan rekannya menuliskan bahwa seniman yang membuat patung ini menggunakan meteorit yang sangat keras, dan mungkin telah mengetahui bahwa material ini adalah material khusus.
“Jatuhnya meteorit telah ditafsirkan sebagai pesan Ilahi oleh beraneka ragam budaya sejak zaman prasejarah” tulis mereka.
Menurut Buchner, patung tersebut kemungkinan diukir sekitar 1.000 tahun yang lalu oleh budaya Bon (Buddha Tibet), yakni budaya pra-Buddha pada abad ke-11. Meski demikian, hingga saat ini belum diketahui secara pasti asal dan usia patung yang tepat.

Patung Buddha yang terbuat dari jenis meteorit besi ataxite yang memiliki kandungan nikel tinggi.
“Memang banyak kebudayaan kuno menggunakan besi meteorit untuk membuat belati bahkan perhiasan, dan bahan meteorit adalah bahan yang umum digunakan di antara kebudayaan-kebudayaan kuno. Tapi jika itu sebuah patung Buddha, sangatlah unik”, jelas Buchner.
“Sementara puing-puing pertama secara resmi ditemukan pada tahun 1913 oleh seorang prospektor emas, kami percaya bahwa ini merupakan fragmen meteorit individu yang dikumpulkan berabad-abad sebelumnya,” kata Buchner.
Meskipun meteorit yang lainnya dikenal untuk penyembahan dan terinspirasi dari budaya kuno, patung ini cukup unik.
“Ini adalah satu-satunya patung yang dibuat berdasarkan sebuah ilustrasi dari figur manusia yang dipahat pada meteorit, yang berarti kita tidak memiliki apa pun untuk membandingkannya ketika kita kaji nilainya,” kata Buchner.
“Berdasarkan sejarahnya saja, patung ini bisa dihargai senilai 20.000 dollar AS. Namun jika estimasi kami benar bahwa usianya hampir seribu tahun, dan jelas memang telah terbukti terbuat dari meteorit, maka harga patung itu bisa lebih berharga lagi,” katanya. (Discovery/Kompas/Sott.net)

          Comment on Our Mongolian Adventure by Jeska        
These gers are crazy looking! I don't think I could have drank the milk either, just reading it made me want to puke! lol
          Multi-Genre FURY Magazine paintings by Thomas Beecham (1956)        




          Comment on Co-management: overcoming the tragedy of the commons by New publication: Toolkit for the indicators of resilience in socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes | Genetic Resources Policy        
[…] our previous post on the co-management of pastoral lands in Mongolia.  Mongolia was one of the case study countries in which the toolkit was tested and refined. This […]
          Faux fur jacket        
Faux fur jacket

Faux fur jacket

Luxurious faux mongolian fur jacket from Helment Land.  Edge to edge front with deep collar and side pockets.  A cosy wrap for the season ahead. Edge to edge Deep collar Faux Fur  


          Viagem na China 2013 – Inner Mongolia        
La Mongolie Intérieure est une région autonome du Nord de la Chine longeant la Mongolie. Corrigido 1 183 000 km2 para 24 706 321 pessoas, sua densidade populacional é muito baixo em comparação com o resto da China … Continue lendo
          CHP-170-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 2        

Laszlo finishes up the story of the Yuan Dynasty, founded in 1271.  The parts of China not yet conquered were done in by 1276 and the last holdouts gone by 1279.  But the Great Yuan didn't last long.  This episode takes a nice little overview of the dynasty, its slow demise and the legacy they left.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty

Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan

Golden Horde  金帐汗国   Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502.

Arigh Böke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai

Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan

Zhao   赵   The surname of the Song dynasty ruling family

Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire

Zhengding   正定 A place adjacent to Shijiazhuang, site of Kublai Khan's mother's appanage.

Shijiazhuang   石家庄 Capital of Hebei Province

Hebei   河北 Province in northern China

Zhongtong Era   中统 Era during the Yuan 1260-1264

Zhiyuan Era 至元 Era during the Yuan 1264-1294

Jin Dynasty  金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda

Haiyun Chan Shi 海运禅师 Buddhist advisor to Kublai Khan

Liu Bingzhong   刘秉忠 Advisor to Kublai Khan on all matters architectural, feng shui and other things

Khitans   契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125

Kaiping 开平 Original name of Shangdu

Shangdu   上都 Known popularly as Xanadu, later became Kublai's summer palace

Chengde   承德 Better known in old history books as Jehol or Rehe, city northwest of Beijing

Hülegü 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui

Dadu  大都 Kublai Khan capital, also known as Khanbaliq, City of the Khan's, located in present day Beijing

Zhu Yuanzhang   朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder

Karakorum  喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260, originally built by Ogedai Khan

Shandong   山东 Coastal province in the north, famous for a million things including Confucius

Li Tan 李璮 Loyal Yuan official up in Shandong who later led a rebellion against Mongol rule in China.

Shi Tianze   石天泽 One of Kublai Khan's most loyal and successful Han Chinese generals

Duke of Zhou   周公 Son of the Zhou Dynasty founder King Wen, brother to King Wu

Taizong   太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin

Han Wudi   汉武帝 Great conquering Han Dynasty emperor

Liu Bei   刘备 Mighty hero during the Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period. Founder of the Shu Han State.

Lantau Island   大屿山 Hong Kong's largest island, the international airport is located there

Zhao Kuangyin   赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder

Lizong   理宗   Southern Song emperor 1224-1264 Not a terribly good one.

Emperor Yang of the Sui   隋炀帝 Son of Sui Dynasty founder and final emperor of the Sui. Did some good and some bad. Had a lot of concubines

Empress Dowager Xie

Duzong emperor 度宗 Southern Song emperor from 1264 to 1274

Jia Sidao   贾似道 Southern Song chancellor

Aju  阿术 General and high ranking official during the Yuan. Grandson of Subotei

Subotei  速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general.

Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan.

Bayan of the Baarin 伯颜   Kublai's greatest general

Han Jiang   汉江 Tributary of the Yangzi flows from Shaanxi to Hubei

Hanshui   汉水 Another name for the Han JIang

Hubei ren   湖北人 Someone from Hubei

Wuchang   武昌 The city that makes up the Wu in Wuhan

Hankou   汉口 The city that makes the Han in Wuhan

Hanyang   汉阳 The third city of the Wuhan metropolitan area

Nanjing   南京 Ming Dynasty capital, also known as the ancient city of Jiankang

Jiankang   建康 Ancient name for Nanjing

Qiantang River   钱塘江   the southern terminus of the Grand Canal, flowed through Hangzhou

Xiangyang   襄阳 City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Fancheng

Fancheng  樊城   City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Xiangyang

Xiangfan   襄樊 The twin cities of Xiangyang and Fancheng

Hui Hui Pao   回回炮 "Muslim trebuchet"

Cai Jing   蔡京 Huizong's main official, great calligrapher, not terribly popular in his last years

Emperor Gong  恭帝  Southern Song emperor from 1274 to 1276

Changzhou   常州   City in Jiangsu who felt the wrath of the Khan

Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song

Duanzong 端宗   Second to the last Southern Song emperor, died age 8

Lu Xiufu   陆秀夫   Official and Military man who served the Song dynasty till the last

Zhao Bing   赵昺   Last emperor of the Southern Song, also known as Huaizong

Huaizong   怀宗   Last Song emperor, also known as Zhao Bing

Hubilie 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294.

Yunnan   云南   Southwestern province in China

Empress Chabi 察必皇后   favorite wife of Kublai Khan

Zhenjin   真金   Son of Kublai Khan, died before he succeeded his father as emperor

Shizu   世祖   Posthumous temple name of Kublai Khan

Temür Khan 完泽笃汗 Son of Zhenjin, later became the Chengzong emperor

Chengzong emperor   成宗   Succeeded Kublai Khan as Yuan Emperor

Külüg Khan  曲律汗 Also known as the Wuzong emperor

Wuzong emperor  武宗   Yuan emperor 1307-1311

Buyantu Khan   普颜笃汗 Also known as the Renzong Emperor

Renzong emperor 仁宗 Yuan Emperor 1311-1320, champion of Confucianists.

Zhu Xi   朱熹 Great Chinese philosopher, father of Neo-Confucianism

Si Shu 四书 the Four Books

The Lunyu   论语 The Analects

Mengzi   孟子 The Mencius

Daxue   大学 The Great Learning

Zhongyong  中庸 The Doctrine of the Mean

I Ching   易经 The Book of Changes. People swear by it.

Yingzong emperor   英宗   Yuan Dynasty emperor 1320-1323

Temuder   铁木迭儿 Yuan grand councillar during Yingzong

Taiding Emperor 泰定帝 Yuan emperor 1323-1328

Liangdu zhi zhan   两都之战   War of the Two Capitals

Toghon Temür 妥懽帖睦尔Mongolian name of Yuan emperor Shun

Emperor Shun   顺帝 Yuan emperor

Shun  舜  Last of the mythical Five Emperors, lived around 2200 BC

Yu the Great   大禹 Founder of the Xia Dynasty

Poyang Hu zhizhan   鄱阳湖之战 the Battle of Poyang Lake

Hongwu Emperor   洪武帝 Era name chosen by Zhu Yuanzhang, founder of the Ming dynasty

Liu Bang   刘邦 A.K.A. Han Gaozu, founder of the Han Dynasty

Longquan   龙泉 Ancient site near Lishui where some of the best porcelain ware in China was fired.

Lishui   丽水 City in southern Zhejiang

Jingdezhen   景德镇   The historic porcelain capital of China.

Zheng He   郑和 The Yongle Emperor's loyal admiral who led seven voyages to the west that went as far as the east coast of Africa

Wu Cheng 吴澄   Great Yuan dynasty scholar-official and student of Zhu Xi's philosophy

Guo Shoujing 郭守敬   Great Yuan dynasty scholar, scientist, engineer. The "Tycho Brahe of China"

Zhao Mengfu   赵孟頫   Great Yuan era painter, descended from the Song royal family, married to Guan Daosheng.  

Guan Daosheng   管道昇   Called "China's greatest female painter". Married to Zhao Mengfu...an amazing couple in their day

Liu Guandao   刘贯道   Another great Yuan dynasty painter

  

Alec Ash's new book: Wish Lanterns: Young Lives in New China

 

Barbarians at the Gate Podcast: Get it H E R E at Jeremiah's Granite Studio page.

 

David Moser's "A Billion Voices: China's Search for a Common Language"

 

And check out Sixth Tone at http://www.sixthtone.com/

 


          CHP-169-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 1        

In this long overdue episode with a deceiving title we don't actually get around to the Yuan Dynasty.  However a nice handy and confusing overview tracing the rise of the Mongol nation is presented which includes a bio on Genghis Khan.  We'll get to rise of Kublai Khan this time and look at the Yuan Dynasty next episode.  

 

Terms from this Episode

numero ciento sesenta y nueve Number 169

Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin Dynasty founder

Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty

Parthians 帕提亚  Iranian nomadic people

Scythians   斯基泰人 Iranian nomadic people

Yuezhi 月氏 Originally from Xinjiang and Gansu, defeated by the Xiongnu

Goths 哥特 West central Asian power, the scourge of the Roman Empire

Magyars   马扎儿人 West central Asian power. Today they are known as Hungarians.

Huns 匈奴 More from the western part of the steppe, often confused with Xiongnu

Xiongnu 匈奴 Often called Huns, they were an early northern tribe who kept invading China

Slavs   斯拉夫人 People from central Europe and the West Asian steppe

Xianbei 鲜卑   So-called "proto-Mongols" who lived around the Qin and Han dynasties and founded the Northern Wei.

Shatuo Turks  沙陀突厥  Power in north China late 9th and 10th century. Founded several short-lived dynasties in the north of China.

Khitans 契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125

Tatars 鞑靼人 Mongol tribe defeated by Genghis Khan who later moved westward towards Russia and Europe

Kazakhs   哈萨克人 North-Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Kyrgyz  吉尔吉斯  Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kyrgyzstan

Uighurs   维吾尔人   Turkic people who today mostly live in Xinjiang

The Hakkas 客家人 The Hakka People

Fujian 福建   Province on the east coast of China

Huizong   徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song

Aguda 阿骨打 Also known as Emperor Taizu of Jin, founder of the Jin Dynasty

Wuqimai 吴乞买 Aguda's brother, second emperor of the Jin

Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song Dynasty

Jin Dynasty  金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda

Zhao Gou   赵构 Escaped Zhao royal family member, launched Southern Song

Gaozong 高宗 First emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty

Lin'an 临安 Southern Song capital, present day Hangzhou

Merkits  蔑儿乞人 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Keraits  怯烈亦 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Ongüts  汪古部 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Ongirats  One of many tribes of the Mongols

Naimans 乃蛮 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Temüjin 铁木真 Genghis Khan's name

Dobun Known as Dobun the Clever, married to Alan the Fair, early ancestors of Temujin

Ah-Lan the Fair married to Dobun, early ancestors of Temujin

Khaidu 海都 c. 1040-1100 Great-grandfather of Khabul Khan

Khabul Khan  合不勒  Early great khan and great -grandfather of Genghis Khan

Yesugei the Brave 孛儿只斤Ÿ也速该 Father of Genghis Khan

Yuanchao Mi Shi 元朝秘史 The Secret History of the Mongols

Börte 孛儿帖 Wife of Temüjin and later Grand Empress of the Mongol Empire

Ulaan Bator 乌兰巴托 Capital of Mongolia

Jochi 术赤 Oldest son of Börte and maybe Genghis Khan

Golden Horde 金帐汗国  Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502.

Xinjiang   新疆 Northwest autonomous region in China

Mongol Yasa (Jasagh)   A Mongol Codified law introduced by Genghis Khan

Khuriltai 忽里勒台   A Mongol congress of all elders and leaders

Kara Khitai 喀喇契丹 Also known as the Western Liao 1124-1218

Xixia  西夏 The Western Xia, an empire established by the Tanguts

Khwarizmian Empire 花剌子模王国 Lasted 1077-1231. Khwarazmia covered All of Iran and parts of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan.

Batu 拔都 Founder of Golden Horde, son of Jochi, grandson of Genghis Khan

Chaghadai 蔡合台 Second son of Genghis Khan, founder of Khanate of Chaghadai

Khanate of Chaghadai 蔡合台汗国 Covered most of Central Asia

Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire

Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan

Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan

Kublai 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294.

Hulagu 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui

Arigh Boke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai

Subotei 速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general.

Dzungaria 准噶尔 Northern half of Xinjiang with Tianshan Mountains south and the Altai north.

Karakorum 喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260

Guyuk 贵由 Eldest son of Ogedai Khan, reigned only two years as the 3rd Great Khan

Mamluks 马木留克 Originally slave soldiers, they were a powerful "caste" of warriors who operated from the 9th to 19th centuries. Not to be messed with.

Il-khanate 伊儿汗国  The southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire. Ruled by Hülagü's branch of the family - centered around Iran

Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan.

Owen Lattimore 欧文Ÿ拉铁摩尔 American scholar and Central Asian specialist

 

Isaac Meyer:  “History of Japan Podcast”

https://historyofjapan.wordpress.com/

 

Nina Xiang: "China Money Network"

http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com/

 


          CHP-164-Zhou Enlai Part 4        

In this Part 4 episode of the CHP Zhou Enlai series Laszlo re-tells the always amusing story of when the Americans came around Yan'an to kick the tires of the CCP and see what they were all about. Many of these events from today's episode were covered in previous podcasts (Kang Sheng, Deng Xiaoping, John Service and Civil War). This time Zhou again proves his loyalty and devotion to Mao and as always to China. He gets a real workout as far as developing his role as the Communists (and later China's) chief diplomat.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Yan'an   延安   Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March

Kang Sheng   康生   康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution

Shaanxi   陕西 Province in northwest China

Zunyi   遵义 2nd largest city in Guizhou

Zhang Guotao   张国焘 Senior Communist leader and rival to Mao

Bo Gu   博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming

Wang Ming   王明   Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks

Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army

Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Early Mao supporter and later top leader in China

Bo Yibo 薄一波 Early Mao supporter, featured in an earlier CHP episode

Peng Zhen   彭真 Early Mao supporter and later mayor of Beijing

Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister

zhishi fenzi   知识分子 intellectuals

He Zizhen   贺子珍 Mao's third wife (after Luo Yixiu and Yang Kaihui)

Lan Ping   蓝萍 Stage name of Jiang Qing

Li Shumeng   李淑蒙 Early name of Jiang Qing

Li Yunhe 李云鹤 Another early name of Jiang Qing

Jiang Qing   江青 Madame Mao, the name by which she is best known.

Wang Jiaxiang  王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao

Ye Jianying   叶剑英   Immortal Communist military leader and statesman

Huang Hua   黄华 Great Chinese diplomat and vice premier

Chen Jiakang   陈家康 Early communist and very close to Zhou Enlai, serving as his chief liaison with foreign journalists.

Ma Haide   马海德   Dr. George Hatem, subject of a future episode.

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Lin Biao   林彪   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Nie Rongzhen   聂荣臻   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

He Long   贺龙   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Liu Bei  刘备 Great Sichuan hero and King of Shu. One of the main characters of Romance of the Three Kingdoms

Zhuge Liang   诸葛亮 Another main character from Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Wise advisor to Liu Bei

Shaoshan   韶山 Birthplace of Mao near Xiangtan

Jinggangshan   井冈山   The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising

Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border

Zhangjiakou   张家口 City of 4.4 million that borders Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Shanxi

Lingdao   领导 leader

Zaolin'gou   枣林沟 Site of a key meeting after Yan'an was evacuated

Panlongzhen  蟠龙镇 Place in Shaanxi where Peng Dehuai raided a KMT supply depot

Ren Bishi   任弼时 Early political and military communist leader. Died in 1950.

Shanxi   山西 Northern province bordering Shaanxi

Deng Yingchao   邓颖超 Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai

Liao-Shen Campaign   辽沈战役 The first of the three great military campaigns 9-12-1948 to 11-2-1948  

Xibaipo 西柏坡 Town near Shijiazhuang that served as Mao's new base after Yan'an.

Shijiazhuang 石家庄 Capital Hebei Province

Hebei   河北 Province in China where Beijing is geographically located (but not part of)

Huai-Hai Campaign 淮海战役 The second of the three great military campaigns 11-6-1948 to 1-10-1949

Ping-Jin Campaign 平津战役 The last of the three great military campaigns 11-29-1948 to 1-31-1949

Li Zongren   李宗仁 Succeeded Chiang as president in January 1949

Xikou   溪口 Birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek

Ningbo   宁波 Major port city in Zhejiang province

tuocha   沱茶 usually 100 gram dome shaped tea bricks

Sheng Pu-erh   生普洱 Raw Pu-erh Tea

Menghai Tea Factory   勐海茶厂 Famous tea factory in Xishuangbanna

Xishuangbanna   西双版纳 One of the great tea cities of China

Shou Pu-erh  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-erh tea

Xiaguan Tea Factory   下关茶厂 Famous tea factory in Dali

Dali 大理  formerly known as Xiaguan, city in Yunnan

Yunnan 云南 Southwest province of China

gaiwan   盖碗 covered tea bowls

shiba da   十八大 The 18th Party Congress

Gum jie   金姐 Long serving tea lady at the CHP Complex

 

The CHP Pu-Erh Tea / Gaiwan Gift Set

http://www.teasenz.com/pu-erh-tuocha-tea-gaiwan-gift-set

 

Elias Belhaddad's History of Islam Podcast

http://historyofislampodcast.blogspot.co.uk

 

 THE ONE, THE ONLY, THE ANTHILL

theanthill.org

"While We're Here"

earnshawbooks.com

 


          CHP-126-Yelü Abaoji        
This week we look at the Khitan people of the steppes.  These people came from the lands in between Manchuria and Mongolia.  Their most famous son was Yelü Abaoji who took his people to great heights in the early 10th century.  His Liao Dynasty in the north of present day China ran concurrently with the continue reading >>
          Seasonal shift in the climate responses of Pinus sibirica, Pinus sylvestris, and Larix sibirica trees from semi-arid, north-central Mongolia.        
In light of a significant increase in the warming trend observed in recent decades in semi-arid Mongolia, tree-ring attributes and anomalies were analysed to detect potential changes in the growth–climate relationship. In a moisture-limited environment, an increase in temperature could cause a shift in the seasonal response of trees to climate. Chronologies were developed for the dominant tree species (Larix sibirica Ledeb., Pinus sibirica Du Tour, and Pinus sylvestris L.) from northcentral Mongolia. In addition to annual ring width, both earlywood and latewood width were measured, and tree-ring anomalies such as false rings and light rings were systematically identified. Earlywood width was mainly associated with precipitation in the year prior to ring formation and early growing season conditions. Temperature was associated with current year growth and mainly influenced latewood development. False rings were good indicators of early summer droughts, whereas light rings were mainly associated with a cold end of summer. A seasonal shift in the significance of monthly climate variables was observed in recent decades. This displacement presumably resulted from changes in the timing and duration of the growing season. Tree growth starts earlier in spring and is now affected by late summer to early autumn climate conditions.
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          My Bucket List        
I despise the word ‘bucket list’. It’s a common, overused word that extracts away the sense of wonder and intrigue from travelling the very destination that corroborates that feeling. On the other hand, I want to abstain from using a word filled with awe and marvel– it makes my list seem unachievable. At the end of the day, this is a list of places that I would give my left arm to visit! I realised its good to have pegged down a definite list and work towards it. So here goes, my ‘Bucket List’, for the next few years. Would love to find friends to crash with, work to fund the trips and a great reason that I don’t know of, to visit these. So if you know something that I don’t (or have extra cash to donate), mail away. Meanwhile, you will see many posts on the blog as I tick these off.

My favourite city in the world - Varanasi

Pet a Husky – That hardly seems to be the kind of thing that one puts on a bucket list. But I want to pet a Husky - by a fireplace - of a wooden cottage (or preferably an igloo) - on a Monday Alaskan morning. And you thought this was going to be a simple one. With that, throw in the Northern lights, and then I’m done with Alaska.

Stay in Varanasi for a Year - I truly find the spirit of Varanasi to be that of one that is unshakable, unique and altogether ridiculous. While I’ve ticked off many of the ‘Varanasi’ experiences over the last few years, I would really like to stay there to document the festivals in each month – and there are plenty! One year on Meer Ghat in a room overlooking the river is all I ask for.

Petra & Wadi Rum at Night – I read about Petra and Wadi Rum just when I started travelling actively in 2004. Money, time and most importantly lack of travel vision are reasons why I never thought I would ever get here. The boundaries have blurred. This is happening soon!

Swimming in the Dead Sea - Because I’ve done nothing about learning how to swim properly! No, actually this has been on my list forever. It’s high time that I get it done with. There are some things that just stick in your brain and a niggling thought persists until they are done – well, the Dead Sea is one of those for me.

Galápagos Islands– Having read about the islands in blogs and books, this seems like one of the most unachievable on my list. Yet, I want to keep it, be persistent and let it hang here  - even if it means many many many years before I do this!

Pakistan - My folks (as kids) and older family members witnessed the partition in 1947. I’ve always viewed that life-changing period for them as just a story.  That, and the fact that the ‘other side’ was once part of the same land are reasons why I am intrigued to visit the country. Ofcourse, socially, politically and religiously there are differences that everyone knows of – I want to look a little beyond that and view the similarities.

Japan – A heavy dose of Murakami does that to you. Japan has been on the list for its bizarre blend of modern and traditional. This is one place I believe will disrupt my thinking.     No doubt that its wildly expensive, but there will be simpler experiences – like standing in a road full of cherry blossoms, roaming the streets of Kyoto and sleeping in one of those crazy capsule pods.


Mangrovy Sundarbans from Bangladesh, Uzbekistan, Mongolia, Myanmar and a month is Greece is what’s coming up next on the list. Clearly I need 56 hours in a day, 23 days in a week and 154 weeks in a year!



          KOOZA: An Amazing Spectacle for All Ages + GIVEAWAY        
Media Invite

When it comes to a circus show, how do you qualify it to be a die-die must-see performance?


Is it by the number of death-defying acts, whereby if the performers miss their mark by a mere millimetre, they could actually die?

Or is it by the number of contortionist and aerial acts, whereby bodies are bent at mind-blowing angles and flipping higher with every mid-air twist?

Or is it by the number of times the show made you laugh uncontrollably, to the verge of tears?

As the monkies and I found out (to our delight), KOOZA delivers ALL of the above... and more.


Created by director David Shiner in 2007, Kooza tells the dreamy narrative of the child-like Innocent captivated by a colourful Trickster, who springs out of a box and introduces the Innocent to a bunch of amazing stuff.


And my oh my, what a whole lot of amazing stuff was packed into the 2-hour show!

There are ten acrobatic acts, all of which inspire nothing but awe. The opening act – a lively sequence of acrobatics sets the tone before a trio of hyper-flexible Mongolian contortionists sculpt and merge the human form into shapes that I never imagined to be possible.

Then came the double decker high-wire act which had wirewalkers perform jumps on a single wire strung high up between 2 poles. Not thrilling enough? The 'wow' factor was upped a few notches when they cycled across the wire!


But the biggest shrieks and gasps were reserved for the double wheel of death performance. Two performers rotate the giant wheel just by running - much like hamsters - but without any safety wires.


The spinning of the wheel gets more and more high paced and there are genuine screams of fright from the audience as the performers jump up high into the air with the wheel spinning before landing back onto the wheel. I lost count the number of times I had retrieved my pounding heart from my mouth.



As for the clowning, it is safe to say that everyone will be roaring with laughter. Kids will be particularly tickled every time the clowns appear - there is a peeing dog, confetti sprays, being hit on the head with a plastic steak and popcorn sloshed over the audience's heads. After all, the director began his Cirque Du Soleil roots as a clown and the humour clearly works.


And amid all the acrobatics and clowning, there is a genuine story behind KOOZA to be followed AND a lesson to be learnt. The Innocent is seen trying to get his kite to fly at the start of the show but to no avail. After the appearance of the Trickster who shows him all of the amazing acts, he manages to get his kite flying by the end of the show.

And this, perhaps was the biggest takeaway for the monkies after the show - that the possibilities are endless if we put our body, mind and soul to it. Who could have imagined that the human bodies could be pushed to the limits that we had seen in the show? I loved how the ending provided food for thought for the kids.


KOOZA is a return to a more traditional circus show. There is no hi-tech light projection or pyrotechnics; just good old acrobatic acts. And everything about it is BREATHTAKING. The monkies loved every single act and by the time the two hours were up, they were still wishing for more.

Just listen to the thunderous applause at the end of the show!

A post shared by Kelvin Ang (@cheekiemonkies) on


This is as perfect as a Cirque du Soleil show you’re ever going to see and frankly, this is the best one I have ever seen. Simply put, this is one Cirque that you cannot miss.



GIVEAWAY CLOSED

Congratulations to New Siaw Hoon ! You have won 4 tickets to catch KOOZA on 27th July (Thursday) 2017 for the 8pm show! Please email me at kelvin@cheekiemonkie.net for prize collection details. Thanks!


Thanks to Sliding doors Entertainment, I have one set of FOUR tickets* to KOOZA to give away!

*NOTE: The tickets are strictly valid for 27th July (Thursday), 8pm show.


To participate, all you have to do is the following:

1. LIKE Sliding Doors Entertainment's Facebook page HERE.

2. Leave your comment either in the corresponding Facebook post HERE or in this blog post after you have done so.


WANT TO INCREASE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING?
SHARE this blog post of the giveaway on Facebook for a BONUS chance! Remember to set your profile to public so that I can see the shared post.

Giveaway ends on 23 July 2017, 2359 hours.

GOOD LUCK! :)



Useful Information

CIRQUE DU SOLEIL KOOZA
Dates: Now until 27 Aug 2017
Timings: 8pm (Matinee shows on weekends)
Venue: Under the Big Top Tent, Next to Marina Bay Sands
Tickets: From $88
For more information and tickets, visit HERE.


          Friday's Dream Diary        
.
I'm off to Readercon in a few minutes -- perhaps I'll see you there? So today's blogpost will, alas, be perfunctory. But I've been so dilatory in recent weeks that I felt it would be wrong to just blow it off.

I have a dozen irons in the fire right now, at a modest estimate: I'm working on a new Darger & Surplus story, a new Mongolian Wizard story, two extremely interesting collaborations with other writers, a raft of other independent stories, a couple of essays, plus any number of hard-to-describe projects. You'll be hearing about them all over the coming year.

Right now, just to include something less (though not a great deal less) vague, here's my...


Dream Diary (July 14, 2017):

I dreamed I was working a crossword puzzle whose clues had no words but only brightly colored cartoons. I had no problem with "fruit" or "volcano" or "The Monkees." But the cartoon of a woman singing into a microphone stumped me. Christine Aguilera, perhaps? The older I get, the more unfair pop culture clues seem to me.


Above: Yes, it wasn't a very interesting dream. But the point of dream diaries is to keep track of everything and then, at some later point, put them all together and see what can be learned. This is how I discovered that, yes, people can dream in color and, no, it's not true that one never dreams tastes or scents.

*

          Oostenrijk – Mongolië op een YBR125. Low budget, low cc        

Dat je geen nagelnieuwe KTM 1290 Super Adventure nodig hebt om de halve wereld rond te karren, daar zijn we het al langer over eens. Je kan erg goedkoop een goede reismotor aanschaffen en alles is mogelijk als je maar wat inventief bent. Deze Oostenrijker zag het ook iets kleiner dan gemiddeld: Hij vertrok naar […]

The post Oostenrijk – Mongolië op een YBR125. Low budget, low cc appeared first on MotorAvonturist.


          Antique Tibetan Wedding Necklace by SilkRoadJewelry        

495.00 USD

This is a wonderful antique Tibetan Wedding Necklace, featuring Tara who is a Goddess popular in Tibet, Nepal and Mongolia. She represents universal compassion, and brings about longevity, protects earthly travel and guards her followers on their spiritual journey to enlightenment. Her name is Sanskrit for "Star".

The necklace is copper and brass with a gilt covering. Tara is in a sitting position, handmade of Red Coral and glass. There are some missing pieces due to age which don't reduce this necklace's beauty and value.

The necklace is difficult to measure, but it appears to be approx. 29" in length. A wonderful valuable piece to add to your ethnic jewelry collection.


          Tokyo May Soon Get Wind Power From Asia Super Grids        

The lights of the high-end boutiques and bars of Tokyo’s Ginza neighborhood may someday be powered by wind farms or coal burned more than 1,700 miles away (2,700 kilometers) in Mongolia, electricity zipping over ultra-high voltage lines across deserts and under seas.


          Le miracolose bacche di Goji        
Le straordinarie proprietà delle bacche di Goji, piccoli frutti dal colore rosso brillante e dal sapore delicato, sono sempre più note, e il loro consumo si sta diffondendo in tutto il mondo. In queste bacche, che nascono dal Lycium barbarum, un arbusto perenno il cui habitat naturale si trova sull’altopiano della Mongolia, sembra infatti essere racchiuso il segreto della longevità.
Il loro contenuto nutrizionale è unico per quantità e qualità. In essere troviamo 22 polisaccaridi che rinforzano il sistema immunitario, diversi carotenoidi, 21 oligoelementi tra i quali il germanio, un potentissimo antiossidante molto raro da trovare negli alimenti, la vitamina C AA-2betaG, con proprietà antiossidanti di gran lunga maggiori rispetto alla vitamina C, acidi grassi essenziali come gli Omega-3, 18 amminoacidi tra cui gli 8 essenziali.

Sono consigliate per l’integrazione alimentare in caso di stanchezza cronica, affaticamento visivo, stress, prima e dopo una gara sportiva, dieta non equilibrata. Sconsigliate invece in caso di terapie con anticoagulanti e allergie al pomodoro.
Le bacche di Gojisi posizionano al livello più alto della scala ORAC, ovvero la capacità di assorbimento dei radicali liberi da parte del nostro organismo: 30 g di bacche al giorno assicurano il fabbisogno giornaliero di un individuo (5.000 unità ORAC).
Hanno un buon sapore e possono essere consumate da sole o in aggiunta a yogurt, macedonie, insalate, riso o tisane (ne bastano 2-3 cucchiai al giorno).

Tutte queste virtù rischiano però di essere perse se non si scelgono bacche di prima qualità. Per mantenere le loro caratteristiche, le bacche devono essere curate in tutte le fasi della produzione. Il metodo naturale “Xing Dal” prevede che la coltivazione avvenga solo nell’altopiano della Mongolia interna, il raccolto sia effettuato a mano guantata per evitare che il contatto con la pelle le bacche si ossidino, l’essiccazione avvenga su stuoie di legno al sole per 5-7 giorni (e non in forni industriali dove perdono parte delle loro proprietà), vengano testate per la presenza di tossine e microrganismi senza subire altro tipo di lavorazione (al contrario della produzione industriale), e infine vengano confezionate in buste scure a triplice strato con chiusura ermetica e sistema no-lux antioxidant per proteggere la luce e l’aria. Solo tutto ciò fa sì che il nostro organismo possa beneficiare a pieno di questo piccolo frutto miracoloso.

Prodigidellaterra.it

          Chinese antiques and art specialist joins Kaminski        

BEVERLY, Mass. – Kaminski Auctions has announced that Benjamin Y. Wang has joined the staff as their Asian Specialist. Ben has had extensive experience buying, selling and appraising Asian art particularly Chinese art, antiques and jewelry. A graduate of Inner Mongolia University and with a M.A. Degree from Boston University, Ben brings a vast knowledge of Chinese art and antiques and market trends to the position. He travels extensively to […]

The post Chinese antiques and art specialist joins Kaminski appeared first on Antique Trader.


          Starbucks stops using tainted milk in China        
Tainted Milk Starbucks Image

According to Bloomberg.com, Starbucks and its 300 plus cafes in China have stopped using milk by Mengniu Dairy CO. Mengniu, together with the other top milk producers in China, Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co. and Bright Dairy & Food Co., were part of the scandal where China found the toxic chemical melamine in the liquid milk and yogurt products they produce.

"Though we believe based on assurances from the supplier that the milk we received from Mengniu is not included in the contaminated lot, due to the serious nature of this warning, Starbucks has voluntarily pulled all Mengniu milk offerings until further notice," Starbucks said.

Melamine, used to make plastic and tan leather, is now being linked to the kidney failures in babies and leading to at least four deaths. Melamine, which is high in nitrogen, can be used to mask diluted milk because it makes protein levels appear higher than they really are, allowing producers to cut costs by watering down their products. [Read the full article]

Having stayed in China for a year back in 2006 and drinking milk almost everyday, I find it disturbing to know that my system must have been affected somehow by melamine. I seem okay and not affected by it but I think I'd like to have my system checked just to be sure. It's a little weird how they have the brand YiLi here in the Philippines and I was looking at it at the supermarket and I told the lady beside me that this is really good and she should get it since it's on sale. I wonder if as early as 2 weeks ago they already knew something was wrong with their milk. The expiration date is January 2009 so it couldn't be that hmm...

It's just crazy how their FDA didn't have much stricter standards when it comes to their milk, which is a $19 billion industry, and possibly even other food or drinks.

I wonder how Starbucks' sales have been the past few day and what alternatives they've been using for milk in their coffee. Soy maybe? If I were still staying in China and this happens to me, I'd be drinking my coffee black, which is something I rarely do. I haven't tried using soy as an alternative or I could be happy with using creamers that are imported just as long as I know it's safe.

This comes at a very bad time especially after China spent a lot during the Olympics where they were trying to tell the world that "We are now open, come visit us!" Only time will tell whether they can bounce back from this and still continue their image that started in the Olympics.

Photo by: SMCP

          40 years of Neo Liberalism ! A long wait for "real change"        

 This is termed open market economics. Neo liberalism. In this the rural folk, that's 70.4 per cent of the population of this country, Sinhala, Tamil and Muslims all included, live outside the main market. They live in a peripheral, slow moving and almost stagnant market. They don't have the "buying power" the extra rupee, to be of any worth in a busy and brisk consumer society, driven by investments for big profits. Buying power in this consumer society is not that of the poor who "buy to live". To exist. But buying power is that extra heavy spending, done for the extra comfort in topping up a comfortable life.

For the past 40 years, we are living in that neo liberal economy. An economy that introduced export manufacture in place of manufacture for import substitution. Thus the free market economy changed the economy from primarily servicing local needs to that of manufacturing to the global market. The "choice" in this very liberal economy was left for the individual.

In this free market economy, freedom of "choice" is not only for the individual consumer to spend his or her income on his or her choice, but it is fundamentally for the investor businessman to choose where his investments should go for bigger profits. No investor would dump money on productions or services in a market with little cash flow. Given the choice, apart from exporting to the global market, they would serve the rich city markets. Consumer thinking is fashioned by heavy advertising in this free market for increased demand of products and services the businesses invest in.

Skylines and road facades say it all. In Colombo, tall high rise buildings for commercial offices, mushrooming condominiums and apartment housing, large shopping malls with designer wear, expensive restaurants with Manchurian to Rajasthani, to Mongolian to Spanish and Western cuisine, departmental store chains, modern private hospitals with medical care, well equipped gyms for exercising, toll levying car parks and well laid out large walking and cycling paths for the health conscious with cafeterias and benches for resting shows the economic growth of a free market economy. Neo liberalism is all about matching the buying power (demand) of the growing urban middle class and the small super rich with that of "supply". The expanding Colombo city is everything symbolic about the modern culture of lavish spending consumerism.

This visual image and the feel of fast moving life of consumerism is totally absent in Moneragala or Hambantota. In Polonnaruwa or Kegalle. There isn't a rich middle class that can generate profits for such investments in these rural societies. There is no purpose therefore to invest in designer wear shopping outlets in Monergala. No purpose in opening up high end restaurants in Hambantota. In heavy investments going to Polonnaruwa for modern private hospitals, despite medical data on increasing CKDu (Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain aetiology) patients.

It's not just cash flow economics and profits that define neo liberal economics. It’s the marginalising of rural life, the neglect of once State funded priority services like education, health and transport that defines neo liberalism. It is also the ideology of neo liberal market economics that sustains neo liberal markets. The right for the individual to decide what he or she would want in life and in the market. The ideology that turns consumer choice into "democracy" and "freedom" that justifies continuing free and open markets.

Yet within that democracy, within that freedom, no government can plan for sustainable economic growth, equal opportunities and access to social development. Responsibility of planning nationally in a free market economy is about planning to attract more and more "investors for export promotion". This formula is still being chanted as the God given "Mantra" for development. Within this planning, governments don't plan for quality improvement of healthcare, of education, of commuter transport, or even for efficient public administration. The logic of a free market economy is that, the consumer decides what he or she wants and that not only decides supply, but also the quality. The government therefore steps in to create the environment for investor promotion.

During the last 40 years Sri Lanka was taken on this route to an elusive world of "development". Along this route implementing of labour laws were seen to be gradually relaxing. Amendments to industrial laws and also laws for easy access and ownership of land were being drafted and enacted. Common parlance was "business friendly" for economic growth. It meant labour rights should not be emphasised in export manufacture industry. With such guarantees by successive governments, investors who came to collaborate with local businesses for export manufacture, were legally allowed untold and unaudited benefits and profits at the expense of public income. What they earned during their operations here and what the people had to forego as tax and duty incomes have never been assessed. In terms of loss to the people on foregone taxes and duty levies, it could well be over a couple of trillions of rupees.

The neo liberal economic model for development has thus left many issues that wouldn't ever be resolved within an increasingly liberalised market economy, the type Wickramasinghe leadership in this government is desperately pushing for. This model has resulted in the richest 20 per cent of the population accruing 52.9 per cent of the national income while the 20 per cent at the bottom is left with only 4.5 per cent by 2013, according to the Central Bank of SL Annual Report of 2016. The report also says in 2014, the GDP per capita according to provinces had been Rs. 428,212 in Uva, Rs.360,876 in Sabaragamuwa and Rs.417,225 in North Central province while in Western province it had been almost two fold with Rs.734,094.

This suffocating disparity has left its mark on education, health, public transport and on cultural life of the rural poor. In Uva 6.5 per cent had no schooling. In Central province it is 5.2 per cent and 4.5 per cent in Sabaragamuwa (CBSL Annual Report of 2016). While in Colombo district there are 185 medical doctors for 100,000 population, Kalutara, Kegalle, Puttlam, Ratnapura, Moneragala and Mullaitivu all have medical doctors between 50 and 60. Nuwara eliya the lowest is with 38 doctors. So is the disparity in distribution of trained nurses (Annual Health Bulletin – 2014).

These major disparities have been growing at different rates over 40 years, instead of narrowing. A proven fact, this neo liberal economic model under any government can only keep increasing inequality and disparities in society. It is on top of all these social injustice that mega corruption in the political establishment, serious lapses in maintaining law and order, corruption and inefficiency in the bureaucracy is dumped on. It is on top of all these that Sinhala extremism against minorities is dumped on. The BBS boss Gnanasara who reports to Court he is in hospital is still free while there are 04 special police units deployed to arrest him for racial violence and hate speech. Ethno religious polarisation is part of neo liberalism in developing countries. Including India under Narendra Modi and South Asia too.

After the 2008 meltdown of the global neo liberal economy, efforts by the US and British to prop up their economies by bailing out big business with public funds, the lower middle and working class population and the marginalised groups came out to register their disgust and frustration in neo liberalism. They now seek a way out for safer and secure economic life. Sanders in the US and Corbyn in the UK are clear projections of this growing political dissatisfaction, articulating deviations from the free market economy.

That remains true for all and Sri Lanka too. We need to find an alternative to this free market economy that cannot provide answers for any of the socio economic and cultural issues demanding answers within "development" the free market has failed to achieve.

What could that alternate model be? The Soviet type "socialism" for sure is no answer. A closed market economy as in 1970-77 in SL will not be an answer too. A way out would be to,
1.      have a carefully regulated open market that will not turn citizens into robot like consumers, in an atomised society
2.      plan and reform education, health and commuter transport with greater responsibility held with the State
3.      shift investments to planned and identified economic sectors with strict conditions laid down for employment and safeguards on employee rights
4.      restructure lower tiers of elected representative bodies like local government and provincial councils as participatory democratic organs of governance
5.      ensure public policy making is open and participatory within a socially discoursed and adopted national development plan that includes short and long term programmes and proposals

All or most of these would need a new Constitution dialogued in society, consented to and approved by the people. It needs before all things else, a serious social dialogue to identify what people want as development. That dialogue will not be to the liking of mainstream political parties that are entrenched in big business, profiting from this free market economy. That is also not possible with corroded thinking in the much splintered "Left" that remains without attraction and without democratic organisational structures to facilitate such dialogue. Thus without intellectual resources too.

Thus the question is, where and how could this begin. It can only begin with dissenting voices outside traditional social and political organisations and in urban society. From among the more matured in the new generation.

Kusal Perera

09 June, 2017 

          Menagerie of Animals Launched Into Space        

Last Friday, a crew of geckoes, forty-five mice, eight Mongolian gerbils, fish, snails, and plant seedlings were rocket launched on the Bion M1 into space, for the longest animal space experiment to date, a round trip lasting thirty days. The Russian spacecraft will relay information to scientists on the ground interested in studying the health […]

The post Menagerie of Animals Launched Into Space appeared first on Visual Science.


          Mongolian fashion model N. Anu        








http://www.medee.mn/main.php?eid=51754

          South-South Cooperation: How Mongolia Learned from Chile on Managing a Mineral Rich Economy         
Mongolia's mineral-rich economy was hit extremely hard by the global downturn during 2008-9, when copper prices plunged, external demand fell, and growth collapsed. The shock exposed serious underlying weaknesses in the management of the country's natural resource wealth, particularly the lack of policies to insulate the economy from commodity cycles and real exchange rate appreciation pressures, an inadequate safety net, and poor public investment planning. These issues gained further urgency with the signing of a major copper mining deal in 2009 that further increased the country's mineral dependence. As part of its reform efforts and with the assistance of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the government began an intensive south-south exchange, notably with Chile, another major copper producer, on strengthening the policy environment. The dialogue proved critical in the passage of several landmark laws within the space of a few years, including a fiscal stability law modeled after Chile, and the accompanying integrated budget and procurement and social welfare laws. These reforms will be crucial in managing the boom-bust cycle of mineral prices and mitigating Dutch disease effects by anchoring a prudent countercyclical fiscal policy, strengthening public financial management, increasing savings, and providing a fiscally sustainable social safety net targeted to the poor.
          Riding Windhorses: A Journey into the Heart of Mongolian Shamanism        
Riding Windhorses: A Journey into the Heart of Mongolian Shamanism
author: Sarangerel
name: Trinity
average rating: 4.11
book published: 2000
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          Cats Hd Wallpapers         
Source(google.com.pk)
Cats Hd Wallpapers Biography
The HD Cat has two estrus periods, one in December–February and another in May–July.[59] Estrus lasts 5–9 days, with a gestation period lasting 60–68 days.[60] Ovulation is induced through copulation. Spermatogenesis occurs throughout the year. During the mating season, males fight viciously,[59] and may congregate around a single female. There are records of male and female wildcats becoming temporarily monogamous. Kittens usually appear in April–May, though some may be born from March–August. Litter size ranges from 1-7 kittens.[60]
Kittens are born blind and helpless, and are covered in a fuzzy coat.[59] At birth, the kittens weigh 65-163 grams, though kittens under 90 grams usually do not survive. They are born with pink paw pads, which blacken at the age of three months, and blue eyes, which turn amber after five months.[60] Their eyes open after 9–12 days, and their incisors erupt after 14–30 days. The kittens' milk teeth are replaced by their permanent dentition at the age of 160–240 days. The kittens start hunting with their mother at the age of 60 days, and will start moving independently after 140–150 days. Lactation lasts 3–4 months, though the kittens will eat meat as early as 1.5 months of age. Sexual maturity is attained at the age of 300 days.[59] Similarly to the housecat, the physical development of African wildcat kittens over the first two weeks of their lives is much faster than that of European wildcats.[47] The kittens are largely fully grown by 10 months, though skeletal growth continues for over 18–19 months. The family dissolves after roughly five months, and the kittens disperse to establish their own territories.[60] The species' maximum life span is 21 years, though it usually only lives up to 13–14 years.[59]
The Hdcat's distribution is very broad, encompassing most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia.[2]
The northern African subspecies, F. s. lybica, occurs across northern Africa, extending around the Arabian Peninsula's periphery to the Caspian Sea, encompassing a wide range of habitats, with the exception of closed tropical forests. It occurs in small numbers in true deserts such as the Sahara, particularly in hilly and mountainous areas, such as the Hoggar. In North Africa, the subspecies occurs discontinuously from Morocco through Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and into Egypt. It occurs throughout the savannahs of West Africa, ranging from Mauritania on the Atlantic seaboard, eastwards to the Horn of Africa, Sudan and Ethiopia. In the south, F. s. lybica is replaced in all East and southern African countries the southern F. s. cafra. The border range between the two subspecies encompasses Tanzania and Mozambique. The Asiatic wildcat, F. s. ornata, ranges from the eastern Caspian into western India, and north to Kazakhstan and into western China and southern Mongolia. The Chinese F. s. bieti is indigenous to western China, and is particularly abundant in the Quinghai and possibly Sichuan provinces. The European subspecies, F. s. silvestris, was once very widely distributed in Europe, being absent only in Fennoscandia and Estonia. However, between the late 1700s and mid 1900s, the species underwent declines and local extirpations, resulting in a fragmentation of its range. It is now extinct in Holland, and possibly extinct in the Czech Republic. It is considered regionally extinct in Austria, though vagrants from Italy are spreading into Austrian territory. In the Pyrenees, the wildcat occurs from sea level to 2,250 m. It is possible that in some areas, including Scotland and Stromberg, Germany, pure wildcats have crossbred extensively with domestic cats. The only island in the Mediterranean to house wildcats is Sicily, with other populations in Sardinia, Corsica and possibly Crete possibly being descended from feral populations introduced there from Neolithic times.[2]The Hdcat is considered an icon of the Scottish wilderness, and has been used in clan heraldry since the 13th century.[82] The Picts venerated wildcats, having probably named Caithness (Land of the Cats) after them. According to the foundation myth of the Catti tribe, their ancestors were attacked by wildcats upon landing in Scotland. Their ferocity impressed the Catti so much, that the wildcat became their symbol.[84] A thousand years later, the progenitors of Clan Sutherland, equally impressed, adopted the wildcat on their family crest.[12][84] The Chief of Clan Sutherland bears the title Morair Chat (Great Man of the Cats). The Clan Chattan Association (also known as the Clan of Cats) is made up of 12 different clans, the majority of which display the wildcat on their badges.
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          Wild Cats Wallpaper         
Source(google.com.pk)
Wild Cats Wallpaper Biography
The wildcat is a small cat found throughout most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. Because of its wide range, it is classed by the IUCN as Least Concern.The wildcat (Felis silvestris) is a small cat found throughout most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. Because of its wide range, it is classed by the IUCN as Least Concern. However, crossbreeding with housecats is extensive, and has occurred throughout almost the entirety of the species' range.[2]
The wildcat shows a high degree of geographic variation. Asiatic subspecies have spotted, isabelline coats, African subspecies have sandy-grey fur with banded legs and red-backed ears, and European wildcats resemble heavily built striped tabbies with bushy tails, white chins and throats. All subspecies are generally larger than housecats, with longer legs and more robust bodies.[4] The actual number of subspecies is still debated, with some organisations recognising 22,[1] while others recognise only four, including the Chinese mountain cat, which was previously considered a species in its own right.[2]
Genetic, morphological and archaeological evidence suggests that the housecat was domesticated from the African wildcat, probably 9,000-10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent region of the Near East, coincident with the rise of agriculture and the need to protect harvests from grain-eating rodents. This domestication probably occurred when grain was yielded from the Agricultural Revolution onwards, which was stored in granaries that attracted rodents, which in turn attracted cats.[3]The wildcat's direct ancestor was Felis lunensis, or Martelli's wildcat, which lived in Europe as early as the late Pliocene. Fossil remains of the wildcat are common in cave deposits dating from the last ice age and the Holocene.[16] The European wildcat first appeared in its current form 2 million years ago, and reached the British Isles from mainland Europe 9000 years ago, at the end of the last ice age.[11] During the Late Pleistocene (possibly 50,000 years ago), the wildcat migrated from Europe into the Middle East, giving rise to the steppe wildcat phenotype. Within possibly 10,000 years, the steppe wildcat spread eastwards into Asia and southwards to Africa.[17]
The wildcat's closest living relatives are the sand cat, the Chinese mountain cat (which may be a subspecies of wildcat), the jungle cat and the black-footed cat.[18] As a whole, the wildcat (along with the jungle and leopard cat) represents a much less specialised form than the sand cat and manul. However, wildcat subspecies of the lybica group do exhibit some further specialisation, namely in the structure of the auditory bullae, which bears similarity to those of the sand cat and manul.[19]
The earliest evidence of wildcat domestication comes from a 9,500 years old Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, that contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat.[40][41][42] This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggest that cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture and then they were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[43]
Despite thousands of years of domestication, there is very little difference between the housecat and its wild ancestor, as its breeding is more subject to natural selection imposed by its environment, rather than artificial selection by humans.[25] The wildcat subspecies which gave rise to the housecat is most likely the African wildcat, based on genetics,[3] morphology,[24][25] and behaviour. The African wildcat lacks the sharply defined dorsal stripe present in its European counterpart, a trait which corresponds with the coat patterns found in striped tabbies. Also, like the African wildcat, the housecat's tail is usually thin, rather than thick and bushy like the European wildcat's.[44] In contrast to European wildcats, which are notoriously difficult to tame,[24][45] hand-reared African wildcats behave almost exactly like domestic tabbies, but are more intolerant of other cats, and almost invariably drive away their siblings, mates, and grown kittens.[46] Further evidence of an African origin for the housecat is present in the African wildcat's growth; like housecat kittens, African wildcat kittens undergo rapid physical development during the first two weeks of life. In contrast, European wildcat kittens develop much more slowly.[47] The baculi of European domestic cats bear closer resemblance to those of local, rather than African wildcats, thus indicating that crossbreeding between housecats and wildcats of European origin has been extensive.[46]
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          Tugas Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2 #        
the story of the name of cities of Indonesia!

1. Bandung
According to historical records the word "Bandung" is derived from the word "bendung" or "bendungan" because unstoppable Citarum River by lava of Mount Tangkuban Perahu which later formed the lake. However, according to local myth the name of "Bandung" is taken from a water vehicle consisting of two boats tied up alongside the boat called the boat of Bandung used by the Regent of Bandung. Bandung is the biggest metropolitan city in West Java and also the capital of the province. In addition, the city of Bandung is also the third largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta and Surabaya. Another name of Bandung city is the City of Flowers, and also formerly known as Paris van Java. In addition Bandung city it is also known as the city shopping, with malls and factory outlets are widely spread in the city. And in 2007, the British Council made ​​the city of Bandung as a pilot project for the most creative city East Asia. Today, the city of Bandung is one of the main destinations of tourism and education.

2. Surakarta / Solo
The story started when Sunan Pakubuwana II ordered Tumenggung Honggowongso and Tumenggung Mangkuyudo and Dutch commander JAB Van Hohenndorff to find the location of the capital of the new Islamic Mataram kingdom. After taking account of the physical and non-physical finally elected a village on the banks of the Bengawan river named village of Sala (1746 AD or 1671 Java). Since then the village of Sala turned into Surakarta Sultanate and continues to grow rapidly.
Surakarta in the beginning was the empire of Mataram. The city was once the seat of government. Due to Giyanti Agreement (February 13, 1755) led to the Islamic Mataram split because the Dutch colonial propaganda. Then the breaking of the central government into two administrative center in Surakarta and Yogyakarta. Government in Surakarta split again due Treaty of Salatiga (1767) became Kasunanan and Mangkunegaran.
In 1742, Chinese people revolted against the rule Pakubuwana II that reigned in the palace Kartasura so Keraton Kertasura crushed and Pakubuwana II fled to Ponorogo, East Java. With the assistance of the VOC uprising was crushed and Kartasura was retaken. In exchange for the capital of the kingdom which has been destroyed so established the New Palace in Surakarta 20 km to the south east of Kartasura on February 18, 1745. Event is then considered as a starting point Kraton Surakarta establishment.
Giving the name of Surakarta Sultanate following the ancestral instinct, that the Mataram kingdom centered in Karta, then to Pleret, then moved to Wanakarta, which later changed its name to Kartasura. Surakarta Sultanate means hope for the creation of state governance karta tentrem raharja (regular safe orderly and peaceful), and must be accompanied by the determination and courage to face all the obstacles that block (sura) to manifest the life of a beautiful world (Sultanate). Thus, the word "Karta" raised again as a form of solicitation blessing of the ancestors and the establishment of the kingdom of Mataram predecessors.
History of Solo's own name because this area formerly overgrown plants Sala tree (a type of pine tree) as recorded in the Annals fiber sengkala stored in Sana Budaya Yogyakarta. Sala is derived from the original Javanese (Javanese pronunciation: Solo) In the end the people know him by the name Solo.

3.  Semarang
In ancient times in the life of a prince of the kingdom of Demak. His name is Raden Made Pandan. Besides the royal nobility he is also known as a scholar or scholar of Islam who was well respected among the various communities.
He has a son named Raden Pandanarang. Raden Pandanarang known as a good kid, sopansantun, friendly and respectful to his parents.
One day, Raden Made Pandan invite his son and invite some accompaniment away from Demak sultanate. after a few days, they reached a fertile place.
There they set up home.
Made Raden Pandan also established a boarding school and teach Islam in that place.
One day Raden Made to feel when facing God's will, then he will saying to his son.
"My son, if I die, continue our struggle to spread the religion of Islam. you do not ever leave this area. Be firm hold to the teachings of the saints. insyallah later your life becomes a glorious, happy afterlife. "
The message was always ringing in teliga Raden Pandanarang.
After her father died, she continued to struggle to teach the religion of Islam.
One day when working on the rice field Pandanarang Raden and his followers saw an oddity. The fertile land in between green trees appear some tamarind trees grow away from each other or sparse. All the people were surprised that the distance between the tamarind tree with one another. Raden Pandanarang said, "why the tamarind trees grow far apart, whereas fertile ground here. It should tamarind trees that grow close together. "Raden true .....!" Said some of his followers. "This is an unusual thing happened, very strange."
Raden Pandanarang said again. "Then I call this area of Semarang is from a rare sour word."

4. Pekalongan
Pekalongan, a unique name. What about the origin of the name of this city? The name is derived from the name of Pekalongan Topo Ngalongnya Joko Bau (Bau Rekso) son of Kyai Cempaluk known as the hero of Pekalongan. Later he became a hero the kingdom of Mataram, which supposedly came from Kesesi story, Pekalongan. One time, he was told by his uncle Ki Cempaluk to serve the Sultan Agung, the king of Mataram. Joko smell got an assignment to bring Ratansari daughter of Kalisalak rod to the palace, but Jaka Bau falls in love with the daughter.
Pekalongan words, the origin of the word and the whole field. The word means the field over, pack de (si wo), bullets (search, musty) is a word that means halong common in everyday language can mean a lot of fishermen. Then said Pek - As means to catch fish in the sea can result. From Pek Halong then into A - PEK - Halong - AN (Pekalongan). Okeh own words Pekalongan Pekalongan community dikromokan be PENGANGSALAN (angsal = can). Then the symbol of Pekalongan that have been established by the Legislative Council Great Pekalongan dated January 29, 1957 and reinforced by the Autonomous Region Gazette Level 1 Central Java on December 15, 1958 Series B No. 11 and approved by the Minister of Home Affairs with the decision No.: Des ./9/52 / 20 dated December 4, 1958 and approved by the Regional Entrepreneur Tertorium War by Decree No. 4: KPTSPPD / 00351/11/1958 dated 18 November 1958.

5.  Surabaya
According to the hypothesis von Faber , Surabaya was founded in 1275 AD by King Kertanegara as a new settlement for soldiers who managed to quell the rebellion in 1270 AD Kemuruhan Another hypothesis says that the first named End Galuh Surabaya .
Another version says that the name originated from Surabaya story about life and death fights and Sawunggaling Jayengrono Duke . It is said that after defeating the Tartars , Raden Wijaya founded a kingdom in Ujunggaluh , and put Duke Jayengrono to lead the region . Long since mastered the science of Crocodiles , Jayengrono increasingly powerful and independent that threaten the sovereignty of Majapahit . To conquer Jayengrono diutuslah Sawunggaling that the science Sura . Adu magic is done at the edge of the river near Paneleh Kalimas . Magic ramming it lasts for seven days and seven nights, and ended with a tragic , because they died of exhaustion.
The word " Surabaya " is also often interpreted philosophically as a symbol of the struggle between land and water , between land and water . Moreover , from the word myth Surabaya also appears the battle between fish Suro ( Sura ) and Boyo ( Baya or crocodile ) , which suggests that the name came after the battle of Surabaya between Sura and Crocodile fish ( Baya ) .
In order not to cause public maze in the municipality head of the Level II Surabaya , chaired by Mr Soeparno , issued Decree No. . 64/WK/75 on the anniversary of the establishment of the city of Surabaya . The decree set a date of May 31, 1293 as the date of the anniversary of the city of Surabaya . The date specified above agreement formed by a group of historians that the city government of Surabaya name is derived from the word " sura ing bhaya " which means " courage to face danger " are taken from chapter Mongol forces defeated by Raden Wijaya leadership Java forces on May 31, 1293 . Surabaya itself , in the form of fish and crocodiles sura there are many stories . One of the famous battle sura fish and crocodiles told by LCR . Breeman , a leader Nutspaarbank in Surabaya in 1918 .

It is clear now that in the year 1293 , in the Mongolian forces defeated raden Wijaya , as well as the anniversary of the city immortalized Surabya , ... But , not complete it , if we do not know why and on what basis the Mongolian troops came to the island of Java , while Mongolia region alone are far in the north , further away from the plateau region of China . It is of some articles that I can from the internet , which is rarely explained in detail the circumstances and events related . On another page I will describe the events associated with the Mongol invasions in Java

          Mysteries of the Inner Earth        
Mysteries of the Inner Earth



1. The Imperishable Sacred Land

Theosophy teaches that a series of seven root-races or humanities will develop during the present fourth round of the earth's evolution. The first humanity is said to have appeared in the mid-Paleozoic, about 150 million years ago (according to the theosophical timescale), and we are currently in the fifth. Each lives on its own 'continent', a word referring not only to the main continental area where the evolution of a root-race takes place but also to all the dry land that exists during the life-period a particular root-race. Just as the root-races overlap, so parts of the continents of one root-race become incorporated into the continental system of the next .

The first continent is known as the Imperishable Sacred Land and is the most mysterious of the seven continents. It is said to be located in the region of the north pole.

This 'Sacred Land' . . . is stated never to have shared the fate of the other continents; because it is the only one whose destiny it is to last from the beginning to the end of the Manvantara throughout each Round. It is the cradle of the first man and the dwelling of the last divine mortal, chosen as a Shishta for the future seed of humanity. Of this mysterious and sacred land very little can be said, except, perhaps, according to a poetical expression in one of the Commentaries, that the 'polestar has its watchful eye upon it, from the dawn to the close of the twilight of "a day" of the GREAT BREATH' [In India called 'The Day of Brahma.'].

The statement that the first continent never sinks or perishes is repeated many times, and this characteristic distinguishes it from the other continents .

The first continent surrounded and included the north pole and extended somewhat southwards from the pole in seven different zones, like the leaves of a lotus. These zones included Greenland, Spitzbergen, Sweden, Norway, and Siberia, together with other former land areas in the far north that have since been submerged. The central locality of the first continent was right at the north pole. H.P. Blavatsky writes:

If, then, the teaching is understood correctly, the first continent which came into existence capped over the whole North Pole like one unbroken crust, and remains so to this day, beyond that inland sea which seemed like an unreachable mirage to the few arctic travellers who perceived it.

G. de Purucker drew attention to the phrase 'If, then, the teaching is understood correctly', and pointed out that Blavatsky was not permitted to give out all she had been taught .

If the earth is hollow, as Blavatsky's review of The Hollow Globe by Lyon and Sherman implies, then the first continent could refer to two different things: the polar land on the outer surface of the earth, and the sacred central land or 'inner circle' in the earth's interior, which will continue to exist until the earth reaches the end of its life-period. Likewise, terms such as 'the blessed land of eternal light and summer' and 'the land of the eternal sun'[6] could refer either to the polar land at a time when the earth's axis was more or less upright and the polar regions were in sunlight, or to the inner central land if the earth's interior is self-luminous or contains a central sun.


2. Shambhala

Tibetan sacred texts speak of a mystical kingdom called Shambhala, hidden behind snow peaks somewhere north of Tibet, where the most sacred Buddhist teachings -- the Kalachakra or Wheel of Time -- are preserved. It is prophesied that a future king of Shambhala will come with a great army to free the world from barbarism and tyranny, and will usher in a golden age. Similarly, the Hindu Puranas say that a future world redeemer -- the kalki-avatara, the tenth and final manifestation of Vishnu -- will come from Shambhala. Both the Hindu and Buddhist traditions say it contains a magnificent central palace radiating a powerful, diamondlike light.

The mythical paradise of Shambhala is known under many different names:

It has been called the Forbidden Land, the Land of White Waters . . . , the Land of Radiant Spirits, the Land of Living Fire, the Land of the Living Gods and the Land of Wonders. Hindus have known it as Aryavarsha, the land from which the Vedas come; the Chinese as Hsi Tien, the Western Paradise of Hsi Wang Mu, the Royal Mother of the West; the Russian Old Believers, a nineteenth-century Christian sect, knew it as Belovodye and the Kirghiz people as Janaidar. But throughout Asia it is best known by its Sanskrit name, Shambhala, meaning 'the place of peace, of tranquillity,' or as Chang Shambhala, northern Shambhala, the name Hindus use to distinguish it from an Indian town of the same name. . . . [A]t the end of his life the Chinese Taoist teacher Lao-Tzu, returned to Shambhala, although he called it Tebu Land. . . .

[I]t is regarded by most esoteric traditions as the true center of the planet, as the world's spiritual powerhouse and the heartland of a brotherhood of adepts from every race and country who have been influential in every major religion, every scientific advance and every social movement in history.

Buddhist texts say that Shambhala can be reached only by a long and difficult journey across a wilderness of deserts and mountains, and warn that only those who are called and have the necessary spiritual preparation will be able to find it; others will find only blinding storms, empty mountains, or even death. One text says that the kingdom of Shambhala is round, but it is usually depicted as an eight-petalled lotus blossom -- a symbol of the heart chakra. Indeed, an old Tibetan story states that 'The kingdom of Shambhala is in your own heart.' As Edwin Bernbaum points out, the guidebooks to Shambhala, whose puzzling directions are a mixture of realism and fantasy, can be read, on one level, as 'instructions for taking an inner journey from the familiar world of the surface consciousness through the wilds of the subconscious to the hidden sanctuary of the superconscious' .

Nevertheless, the idea that Shambhala is also located in the material world is firmly rooted in Tibetan tradition. Opinions on where the kingdom might lie, however, differ markedly. Some Tibetans think it might be in Tibet, perhaps in the Kunlun mountains; more point toward the region around Mongolia and Sinkiang province of China; but most believe that Shambhala is in Siberia or some other part of Russia. Some lamas believe it is hidden in the desolate, uninhabited wastes of the Arctic. According to Lama Kunga Rimpoche, 'Shambhala is probably at the North Pole, since the North Pole is surrounded by ice, and Shambhala is surrounded by ice mountains.' Finally, a few lamas believe that Shambhala exists outside the earth on another planet or in another 'dimension' .

Bernbaum once had a dream of going with a guide to the north pole. As they approached the pole, the air became warmer and the snow cover thinner until there was only grassy tundra, flowers, and a balmy breeze. Finally they came to a round pond with a small island that had a pole right at the centre. He turned to his guide and protested, 'But this is impossible! This can't be the north pole; there's supposed to be ice and snow up here.' The guide merely pointed at the island and said with a smile, 'There's the pole.' Bernbaum related his dream to Lama Chopgye Trichen Rimpoche, who remarked: 'That may have been the entrance to Shambhala' .

The Russian artist, philosopher, and explorer Nicholas Roerich (1874-1947) travelled through China and Mongolia to the borders of Tibet in 1925-1928. During a conversation with a lama, he was told: 'Great Shambhala is far beyond the ocean. It is the mighty heavenly domain. It has nothing to do with our Earth. . . . Only in some places, in the Far North, can you discern the resplendent rays of Shambhala.' When pressed by Roerich, the lama conceded that the heavenly Shambhala had an earthly counterpart. Indeed, the expression 'the resplendent rays of Shambhala' seems to be a reference to the aurora that manifests in the polar region. But the lama also described Shambhala as a 'far-off valley', hidden in the midst of high mountains, with hot springs and rich vegetation.

The lama stated that the ruler of Shambhala is 'ever vigilant in the cause of mankind': he sees all the events of earth in his 'magic mirror' and 'the might of his thought penetrates into far-off lands'. He continued: 'Uncountable are the inhabitants of Shambhala. Numerous are the splendid new forces and achievements which are being prepared there for humanity.' The lama confirmed that messengers from Shambhala are at work in the world, and that even the ruler himself sometimes appears in human form. He stressed that the secrets of Shambhala are well guarded, and that it is impossible for anybody to reach Shambhala unless their karma is ready and they are called .

The modern theosophical tradition, too, recognizes that Shambhala is a real place:

Shambhala . . . , although no erudite Orientalist has yet succeeded in locating it geographically, is an actual land or district, the seat of the greatest brotherhood of spiritual adepts and their chiefs on earth today. From Shambhala at certain times in the history of the world, or more accurately of our own fifth root-race, come forth the messengers or envoys for spiritual and intellectual work among men.

This Great Brotherhood has branches in various parts of the world, but Shambhala is the center or chief lodge. We may tentatively locate it in a little-known and remote district of the high tablelands of central Asia, more particularly in Tibet.

It is surrounded by an akashic veil of invisibility; and an army of airplanes might fly over it and see it not. All the armies of all the nations on earth might pass it by and not know that it existed. . . . It is quite an extensive tract of country. . . . [I]n it are gathered some of the most valuable records of the human race . . . There, surrounded by the greatest and most evolved human beings, the Silent Watcher of the Earth has his invisible abode.

Shambhala, our 'spiritual home', is said in theosophy to comprise two localities on earth. One of them is 'situated in the highlands of Asia, somewhere to the westward of the meridian line passing through Lhassa' [8]. Long ago, this locality was a sacred island in a vast Central Asian inland sea, known as the 'abyss of learning' or 'sea of knowledge', and was accessible via subterranean passages. According to tradition, this place exists to this day as an oasis surrounded by the Gobi desert .

But there is also another holy locality, alluded to in all the great exoteric religions:

this spot is the summit of what in the Hindu Puranas is called Shveta-dvipa, Mount Meru or Sumeru. It is the north pole of the earth, so chosen not for its geographical qualities, if such there be, but on account of its astronomical position. . . . [I]t is the mystical north pole, geographically identical with the north pole of the earth, but mystically quite different . . .

In other words, Shambhala, in one of its meanings, is the Sacred Imperishable Land. Theosophical literature also states that there is an even higher Shambhala located in the sun, and that all these different localities are inhabited by classes of entities with which the human race is spiritually and intellectually connected.

Bearing in mind that the Central Asian Shambhala is said to be protected by an 'akashic veil' which renders it invisible and impenetrable, it is interesting to note that in the review of The Hollow Earth, Blavatsky suggests that explorers may have been prevented from penetrating further north into what was then suspected to be an open polar sea by 'the exercise of some occult power'. This could be interpreted to mean that there is something in the northern polar region that is being concealed -- not by a military/government conspiracy, but by occult forces.


3. A northern paradise

Traditions of a paradisiacal, primeval land in the far north are universal. Sometimes this sacred land is said to be located in the 'centre' or 'navel' of the earth. In one sense, this refers to the north pole, which appears to be in the 'centre' of the earth if the planet is viewed from above the pole. But clearly such expressions could also refer to the earth's interior. The northern paradise is often associated with a world tree, a world mountain or pillar from which four rivers emerge, and a world-engirdling serpent. The pillar, mountain, or tree links our own 'middle earth' with the upper and lower worlds . All these symbolic features can be interpreted on different levels -- terrestrial, astronomical, and spiritual.

In Hindu mythology Meru* is the mystical mountain at the centre of the world, where Indra, king of the gods, has his jewelled palace. Victoria LePage points out that 'Mount Meru is conceived of as the earth's navel as well as its central staff, its source of life and power spreading out from the central region to the eight outer zones, and from thence to the world' [3]. The symbolism here is derived from embryology: just as the embryo grows from the navel outwards, so does the earth. 'Meru' actually has several different meanings, including a mountain in Asia, the north geographical pole, the north celestial pole, the earth's spin axis, the world axis connecting earth to higher realms, and the cerebrospinal axis of the human body.

Meru, the Olympus of the Indians, is said to be situated in the centre or navel of the earth. It was guarded by serpents, which 'watched the entrance to the realm of Secret Knowledge'. According to tradition, it was the 'land of bliss' of the earliest Vedic times. Occult teachings 'place it in the very centre of the North Pole, pointing it out as the site of the first continent on our earth, after the solidification of the globe' [4]. In the ancient astronomical text Surya-Siddhanta (12:34), Meru is described as 'passing through the middle of the earth-globe, and protruding on either side' [5]. H.P. Blavatsky says that 'Meru is not "the fabulous mountain in the navel or centre of the earth," but its roots and foundations are in that navel, though it is in the far north itself. This connects it with the "central" land "that never perishes" . . ..

Just as the human body contains a series of chakras, or subtle energy centres, linked by the sushumna, a central channel in the spinal cord, so there may be corresponding energy centres on and in the body of the earth. Shambhala is sometimes described as the main power centre, with auxiliary centres scattered about the globe . In theosophy, the heart of mother earth is said to beat 'under the foot of sacred Shambhala', and we are told:

Occult teaching corroborates the popular tradition which asserts the existence of a fountain of life in the bowels of the earth and in the North Pole. It is the blood of the earth, the electro-magnetic current, which circulates through all the arteries; and which is said to be found stored in the 'navel' of the earth.

This inner reservoir of physical and psychospiritual life-forces may correspond in one sense to the root-chakra (muladhara chakra) in the human body, situated at the base of the spine. From this viewpoint, Meru represents the central duct or path of terrestrial kundalini or shakti running through the earth .

Some Hebrew legends speak of a place called Luz -- an underground city near a sacred mountain called the 'abode of immortality'. An almond tree, named luz in Hebrew, grew near it, a hollow in its roots leading down to the underground centre. René Guénon saw this as another version of the archetypal mountain/tree/cave complex symbolizing Shambhala. He stated that the real significance of Luz is that it corresponds in planetary terms to the muladhara chakra, whose kabalistic name in Hebrew is luz. The name derives from a root word denoting that which is concealed, secret, and silent; it also connotes a kernel -- the innermost part of the almond. The most common iconographic depiction of Shambhala is similar to the four-spoked muladhara chakra, the subtle 'earth-centre' in the human body .

In his book Paradise Found, William Warren writes:

[T]he earliest inhabitants of the Tigro-Euphrates basin located 'the Centre of the Earth,' not in their own midst, but in a far-off land, of sacred associations, where 'the holy house of god' is situated, -- a land 'into the heart whereof man hath not penetrated;' a place underneath the 'overshadowing world-tree,' and beside the 'full waters.' No description could more perfectly identify the spot with the Arctic Pole of ancient Asiatic mythology.

In The Chaldean Account of Genesis, we read: '[H]uman beings . . . the great gods created, and in the earth the gods created for them a dwelling. . . . [I]n the midst of the earth they grew up and became great, and increased in number, Seven kings, brothers of the same family . . .' Iranian, Indian, Chinese, Scandinavian, and Aztec literature also refer to this ambiguous location at 'the centre of the earth' .

The Japanese paradise was situated 'on the top of the globe' and at the same time 'at the centre of the earth'. It was called the 'island of the congealed drop'. Its first roof-pillar was the earth's axis, and over it was the pivot of the vault of heaven. Similarly, the Chinese terrestrial paradise, round in form, is described not only as at the centre of the earth, but also as directly under Shang-te's heavenly palace, which is declared to be in the polestar, and is sometimes called the 'palace of the centre'. The Egyptians located their Ta Neter, or land of the gods, in the extreme north . Today there is an echo of these ancient traditions in the fact that children send notes to Santa Claus, or Father Christmas, in his 'wonderland' at the north pole, asking for gifts.

The Eskimos have legends that they came from a fertile land of perpetual sunshine in the north. They believe that after death the soul descends beneath the earth, first to an abode rather like purgatory, but good souls then descend further to a place of perfect bliss where the sun never sets . In Psalm 48:2 of the Bible, Mount Zion is said to be 'in the far north', and in Ezekiel (28:13-14) Eden, 'the garden of God', is placed on the 'holy mountain of God'. In Hebrew tradition, the primeval Eden is sometimes said to be at the 'centre of the earth' .

According to the Hindu Kurma Purana, an island called Shveta-Dvipa, or White Island, lay in the northern sea, the paradisiacal homeland of great yogis possessing supreme wisdom and learning . Blavatsky writes: 'According to Tibetan tradition the White Island is the only locality which escapes the general fate of other dwipas and can be destroyed by neither fire nor water, for -- it is the "eternal land" '.

North of the Himalayas, possibly in the Tarim Basin, lay Uttarakuru or northern Kuru, a version of Shambhala which the Mahabharata describes as the blissful land of the sages towards which Arjuna, the warrior prince of the Bhagavad-Gita, travelled in search of enlightenment. It is described as a place of marvels where magic fruit trees yield the nectar of immortality. It is said to be one of four regions surrounding Mount Meru like the four petals of a lotus and to be the homeland of the siddhas, enlightened yogis famed for their miraculous powers .

Greek mythology speaks of a mysterious northern yet ever-springlike land called Hyperborea ('beyond the north wind'), situated beyond the mountains -- in some accounts situated under the north pole -- to which Apollo journeyed in his chariot of swans . There the true 'omphalos' or navel of the earth was located. For the Orphics, the island of Electris, the seat of the gods, lies under the polestar in the furthest waters of Tethys The Mandean Gnostics believed that an ideal earth, an earth of light peopled by a divine race of superhumans, was situated in the north, separated from our world by a high mountain of ice. It is said to exist 'between heaven and earth', and Henry Corbin concludes that it does not refer to the north of our globe but to the 'cosmic north', i.e. superphysical realms . But, like Shambhala, it might also have an earthly counterpart.

The Avestan term 'Airyanem Vaejah' (Pahlavi: Eran-Vej) designates the cradleland of the Aryan-Iranians, located not in any of the earth's seven climates, but at the centre of the central zone, the eighth climate . It was there that Yima, the 'first man', received the command to construct a vara, or enclosure, where the most highly developed humans, animals, and plants would be gathered in order to save them from the deadly winter unleashed by the demonic powers so that they might one day refurbish a transfigured world. This vara or paradise had a gate and luminescent windows which secreted an inner light within, for it was illuminated by both uncreated and created lights. Its various meanings include a subterranean sanctuary, an ark, and the human body .

Airyanem Vaejah, the 'primeval land of bliss', appears to be identical to Shveta-Dvipa, Mount Meru, the Sacred Imperishable Land, and Shambhala (in its several meanings) [24]. Blavatsky quotes Fargard 1:2 of the Vendidad, where 'we find Ahura-Mazda saying to Spitama "the most benevolent" -- that he made every land dear to its dwellers, since otherwise the "whole living world would have invaded the Airyana-Vaego" ' . According to Fargard 2:40, 'The one thing missed there is the sight of the stars, the moon, and the sun, and a year seems only as a day' .


4. Inner kingdoms

As with the idea of a paradisiacal cradleland of humanity at the north pole, references to networks of caverns and tunnels and/or an inner world within the earth are commonplace in the world's religions, myths, legends, and folklore. The attributes assigned to the underworld range from heavenly to hellish, and its inhabitants likewise range from superhuman to subhuman. Myths and legends generally embody multiple levels of meaning, and the underworld can also refer to nonphysical planes of reality.

During his travels in Asia, Nicholas Roerich spent a lot of time studying local folklore, which included tales of lost tribes or subterranean dwellers.

In many places of Central Asia, they speak of the Agharti ['concealed', 'secret'], the subterranean people. In numerous beautiful legends they outline the same story of how the best people abandoned the treacherous earth and sought salvation in hidden countries where they acquired new forces and conquered powerful energies.

While crossing the Karakorum pass, his Ladakhi guide said to him: 'Do you know that in the subterranean caves here many treasures are hidden and that in them lives a wonderful tribe which abhors the sins of the earth?'

And again when we approached Khotan the hoofs of our horses sounded hollow as though we rode above caves or hollows. Our caravan people called our attention to this, saying, 'Do you hear what hollow subterranean passages we are crossing? Through these passages, people who are familiar with them can reach far-off countries.' When we saw entrances of caves, our caravaneers told us, 'Long ago people lived there; now they have gone inside; they have found a subterranean passage to the subterranean kingdom. Only rarely do some of them appear again on earth. . . .'

Great is the belief in the Kingdom of the subterranean people. Through all Asia, through the space of all deserts, from the Pacific to the Urals, you can hear the same wondrous tale of the vanished holy people. And even far beyond the Ural Mountains, the echo of the same tale will reach you.

There is rumoured to be a vast underground network of caves and tunnels under the whole of Central Asia, with many passages radiating out from the spiritual hub of Shambhala . According to popular belief, there are numerous secret subterranean passages beneath India, whose entrances are guarded by elementals which assume the shape of rocks or other natural features. For instance, Varanasi (Benares), whose ancient name is Kashi, is said to be connected by a tunnel to Gupta Kashi ('gupta' = secret, hidden), an underground city in the Himalayas, about 50 miles from Badrinath .

Mesoamerica and South America have long been rumoured to be honeycombed with long, mysterious tunnels, some of them running for hundreds of miles, from Columbia in the north through Peru and Bolivia to Chile in the south, and to the Amazon jungle in the east. Only a few sections of these tunnels have so far been discovered . H.P. Blavatsky mentions an immense tunnel running from Cuzco to Lima in Peru, and then extending south into Bolivia . In Egypt, a vast subterranean world is traditionally believed to extend from the catacombs of Alexandria to Thebes' Valley of the Kings. The subterranean crypts of Thebes were known as the serpent's catacombs, the serpent being a symbol of wisdom and immortality .

Many Native American peoples believe that their ancestors originated in a joyous subterranean realm, or took refuge in caverns to escape past cataclysms. The Cherokee Indians speak of a subterranean world much like our own, with mountains, rivers, trees, and people . The Aztecs said their ancestors came from a land called Aztlan, and that after escaping its destruction they ended up in a cavern called Chicomoztoc, or the Seven Cavern Cities of Gold, where they lived before emerging to the surface world . The Mexican demi-god Votan describes a subterranean passage, a 'snake's hole', which runs underground and terminates at the root of the heavens; he himself was allowed to enter it because he was a 'son of the snakes'.

The Hopi Indians hold their rituals in an underground chamber known as the kiva.

In the center of the kiva, on the altar level and directly below the roof opening, is the sunken fire pit in which a fire is lighted in the New Fire Ceremony . . . , for life began with fire. Next to it is the small hole in the floor called the sipapuni. Etymologically derived from the two words for 'navel' and 'path from,' the sipapuni thus denotes the umbilical cord leading from Mother Earth and symbolizes the path of man's Emergence from the previous underworld. . . . The ladder represents the reed up which man climbed during his Emergence . . .

The Hopis believe there has been a succession of four worlds. The first world was destroyed by fire, the second by a poleshift, and the third by flooding. Some chosen people were saved from the disasters that destroyed the first two worlds by taking refuge underground, and some survived the destruction of the third world by being sealed inside hollow reeds. The Pima Indians speak of the emergence into our world being effected through a spiral hole that was bored up to the earth's surface .

Legends of ancestral origins in subterranean lands are also found in Africa and Australia. Australian aborigines believe their ancestors came up out of the ground, travelled about the country and created new tribes, then 'ultimately journeyed away beyond the confines of their territory, or went down into the ground again'. According to the native traditions of the Caroline Islands, Papua New Guinea, and Malaysia, a subterranean race of giants went underground in ancient times. Once inhabitants of the lost continent of Chamat, they will one day 'emerge and remake the world'. Natives of the Trobiand Islands believe that their ancestors emerged from a subterranean existence through a special hole. Tribes in Bengal and Burma also believe their ancestors emerged from a subterranean world .

In Hindu mythology there are many tales of the Nagas, a race of semi-divine serpent-people, who ruled a subterranean kingdom, Patala, filled with incredible wealth. Patala was said to be the lowest of the seven regions of the Indian underworld. These regions are collectively called Bila-svarga, the 'subterranean heaven', which is described as a place of great beauty. The sun and moon cannot be seen there, but the jewels decorating the hoods of the Nagas are said to emit an effulgence that illuminates the entire region of Bila-svarga. Few mortals were ever allowed to enter the lower world, but there were said to be many hidden entrances in the mountains of India and Kashmir . In Tibet there is a major mystical shrine called Patala, which is said to lie above an ancient cavern and tunnel system, extending throughout the Asian continent and possibly beyond. The Nagas are related to the Rakshasas, an underworld race of 'demons', who possess a 'magical stone' or 'third eye' in the middle of the forehead.

In China, the Lung Wang (dragon kings) closely resemble the Nagas in many respects. They are said to dwell either in the 'celestial realm', i.e. the stars and planets, or beneath the surface of the earth. They, too, possess a 'magical pearl' in their foreheads, a mystical or divine eye or source of power. Like the Nagas, some of the entrances to their palaces or kingdoms can be found beneath lakes and rivers or behind waterfalls . According to an ancient Chinese record, the Twelve Branches, all things began to germinate in the hidden recesses of the underworld. In the Ten Stems, it is said that at the ninth stem, light begins to nourish all things in the recesses below .

The Egyptian underworld or kingdom of the dead was called the Duat (or Tuat), ruled by Osiris . Within the Duat were the Fields of Peace, which the Greeks equated with the Elysian Fields. In Old Kingdom times the Duat was commonly supposed to be situated somewhere under the earth. In this airless, waterless, and lightless place dwelt both the blessed and the damned. The kingdom of Osiris was also placed in the west, where the dead sun-god of the day passed at night. In addition, the Duat denoted the sky region dominated by the constellations of Orion, Taurus, and Leo, and divided by the 'winding waterway' or Milky Way.

The Duat is sometimes described as the 'reversed world' or 'inverted precinct' , and in the Pyramid Texts we read: 'O Osiris the King, I am Isis; I have come into the middle of this earth, into the place where you are' . Osiris was the Egyptian phoenix, which was 'the bringer of the life-giving essence, the hikê, a concept akin to our idea of magic, which the great cosmic bird carried to Egypt from a distant and magical land beyond the earthly world.' This was the 'Isle of Fire', 'the place of everlasting light beyond the limits of the world, where the gods were born or revived and whence they were sent into the world'. This is a reference to the Duat .

The Duat, or Hidden Place, was sometimes conceived as a completely enclosed Circle of the Gods, formed by the body of Osiris. At the head-point there was an opening to the skies symbolized by the goddess Nut, through which the imperishable star (symbolized by the celestial disk) could be reached .

The Egyptian god Aker was the 'chief of the gate of the Abyss', of Aker, which was the netherworld but also the 'realm of the sun' [22].
The Celtic Otherworld was variously known as the Land of the Dead, the Land of the Living, the Land of Many Colours, the Promised Land, the Delightful Plain, the Land of Youth, the Land of Summer, and the Land under the Wave. In most of the stories, it was viewed as a pleasant land located somewhere beneath the sea, but in others it was to be found beneath the hills or entered via ancient burial mounds . As in other traditions, the Celtic underworld is associated with cauldrons. In the Mabinogion, the land of Annwn ('unplumbed' or 'bottomless'), the Welsh underworld, contains a mystical cauldron which can restore the dead to life once more if they are submerged in it and brought out again .

In the Critias , Plato says that the 'holy habitation of Zeus' is situated 'in the centre of the world' . In The Republic (part 4), he says that Apollo, the traditional interpreter of religious matters, delivers his interpretation 'from his seat at the earth's centre' . He also writes:

Apollo's real home is among the Hyperboreans, in a land of perpetual life, where mythology tells us two doves flying from the two opposite ends of the world met in this fair region, the home of Apollo. Indeed, according to Hecataeus, Leto, the mother of Apollo, was born on an island in the Arctic Ocean far beyond the North Wind.

In the Phaedo Plato speaks of many cavities and 'wonderful regions' in the earth, and of subterranean flows of water, mud, and fire.

One of the cavities in the earth is not only larger than the rest, but pierces right through from one side to the other. It is of this that Homer speaks when he says 'Far, far away, where lies earth's deepest chasm'; while elsewhere both he and many other poets refer to it as Tartarus.

In the Greek view, the lands of the living were divided from Tartarus, the land of the dead, by fierce obstacles, rivers, and bodies of water or fire. The greatest of these was Oceanus, which not only comprised all the seas of the world, but was also the largest of the 'rivers' which the Greeks believed swept into and through Tartarus, to emerge from the underworld on the opposite side of the earth. Other subterranean torrents included Lethe, the river of forgetfulness, and the Styx, the river of death. Tartarus was said to 'sink twice as far below the earth as the earth was beneath the sky', and to be bounded by many perils. As well as being the home of the dethroned gods called the Titans, it contained a variety of regions or kingdoms, ranging from the Elysian Fields to the many grottoes, caverns, and pits of torment reserved for the damned .

The 1st-century Roman philosopher Seneca spoke of people who 'forced their way into the caverns' and entered the bowels of the earth, 'penetrating to the deepest hiding places', where they saw 'great rushing rivers, and vast still lakes', a world where 'the whole of nature was reversed. The land hung above their heads, while winds whistled hollowly in the shadows, while in the depths, frightful rivers led nowhere into perpetual and alien night' [30]. He also wrote: 'A time will come in later years when the Ocean will unloosen the bands of things, when the immeasurable earth will lie open, and Thule will no longer be the extreme point among the lands' . Clearly nothing on the earth's surface could lie further north than Ultima Thule (the Land of the Ultimate North).

The Scandinavian and Germanic peoples envisioned the world as an immense yew or ash tree, the limbs and roots of which spread into a variety of realms or planes of existence. The World Tree, Yggdrasil, plunged its deep roots into several subterranean kingdoms, which all bordered a vast primordial void called Ginnungagap. One root of Yggdrasil led into Niflheim, the land of the dead. As in the Greek underworld, many waters flowed out from the depths and into the human world; in Niflheim it was the spring/river Hvergelmir (meaning 'roaring cauldron'), which boiled and churned relentlessly. The 11 tributaries of the Hvergelmir emptied into the central void of Ginnungagap. The second of Yggdrasil's roots found its way into the lands of the gods, Asgard and Vanaheim. While often pictured as a land high in Yggdrasil's branches, this realm was a subterranean one as well. In fact, the only world of Norse cosmology that is not in some sense subterranean is that of Midgard (middle earth), the surface world. Bifrost, the 'rainbow bridge', stretched from Midgard across Ginnungagap into Asgard .

In the Elder Edda, Odin says: 'No one has ever known or will ever know the vastness of the roots of that ancient tree.' This is a reference not only to the created world and heavens, but also to the root-like cavern system beneath the surface world. Also issuing from the depths of the World Tree was the titanic world-serpent or ouroboros which encircled the earth and held its tail in its teeth. It was called 'the girdle of the world', and its writhings beneath the sea were one of the sources of storms and earthquakes. The main entrance to the subterranean realms lay in the north. Similarly, the Greeks believed that one of the entrances to Tartarus lay beyond Hyperborea, and the entrance to the Finnish underworld lay north of Lapland, where the earth and sky met.

In the Sumerian epic of Gilgamesh, the underworld or 'Great Below' was a place of immense size and great terror, filled with a wide range of beings, including spirits, the undead, humanoids, and savage guardians. In his search for everlasting life, Gilgamesh first had to reach the mountain of Mashu, connected with the heavens above and the netherworld below. Having been allowed to enter the 'gate', he descended into the bowels of the earth through 12 double-hours of darkness before reaching 'an enclosure as of the gods', filled with brilliance, where there was a garden made entirely of precious stones . According to Diodorus Siculus, the Chaldees, imagined the earth to have the form of a round boat turned upside down and to be hollow underneath


The Bible describes the underworld or hell as a 'bottomless pit' (Revelation 9:1-2) and 'the abyss' (Romans 10:7), a place of punishment and misery, the abode of Satan and his demons. Other references to subterranean realms and life include the following:
. . . at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth . . . (Philippians 2:10, Revised Standard Version)

And no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or look into it . . . (Revelation 5:3)

In saying, 'He [Christ] ascended,' what does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower parts of the earth? (Ephesians 4:9)

For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so will the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40)

Jesus refers to this place as 'Eden' or paradise. Some hollow-earthers have read into the following quotation a reference to the alleged polar hole in the Arctic:

He stretches out the north over the void, and hangs the earth upon nothing. (Job 26:7)

In the apocryphal Book of Enoch , Enoch speaks of proceeding to 'the middle of the earth', where he beheld a 'blessed land', 'happy and fertile' (25:1, 26:1). An angel shows him 'the first and last secrets in heaven above, and in the depths of the earth: In the extremities of heaven, and in the foundations of it, and in the receptacle of the winds' (59:2-3). There are said to be cavities in the earth and 'mighty waters' under it (65:1, 87:5, 95:2). Enoch sees an abyss 'opened in the midst of the earth, which was full of fire' (89:34); the abyss is said to be 'on the right side of the earth', which, according to Blavatsky, can mean in the north [36]. There is also a reference to seven great rivers, four of which 'take their course in the cavity of the north' (76:6-7).

Finally, the following passage from The Secret Doctrine contains several enigmatic statements referring to the far north and possibly to the inner earth. Speaking of the Kaf mountains of Persian legend, Blavatsky writes:

Whatever they may be in their geographical status, whether they are the Caucasian or Central Asian mountains, it is far beyond these mountains to the North, that legend places the Daevas [giants] and Peris; the latter the remote ancestors of the Parsis or Farsis. Oriental tradition is ever referring to an unknown glacial, gloomy sea, and to a dark region, within which, nevertheless, are situated the Fortunate Islands, wherein bubbles, from the beginning of life on earth, the fountain of life. But the legend asserts, moreover, that a portion of the first dry island (continent), having detached itself from the main body, has remained, since then, beyond the mountains of Koh-Kaf, 'the stony girdle that surrounds the world.' A journey of seven months' duration will bring him who is possessed of 'Sulayman's ring' to that 'fountain,' if he keeps on journeying North straight before him as the bird flies. Journeying therefore from Persia straight north, will bring one along the sixtieth degree of longitude, holding to the west, to Novaya Zemlya; and from the Caucasus to the eternal ice beyond the Arctic circle would land one between 60 and 45 degrees of longitude, or between Novaya Zemlya and Spitzbergen. This, of course, if one has the dodecapedian horse of [King] Hoshang or the winged Simurgh [a marvellous bird, the Persian phoenix] of Tahmurath (or Taimuraz) [third king of Persia], upon which to cross over the Arctic Ocean.

.
Nevertheless, the wandering songsters of Persia and the Caucasus will maintain, to this day, that far beyond the snow-capped summits of Kap, or Caucasus, there is a great continent now concealed from all. That it is reached by those who can secure the services of the twelve-legged progeny of the crocodile and the female hippopotamus, whose legs become at will twelve wings*; or by those who have the patience to wait for the good pleasure of Simurgh-anke, who promised that before she dies she will reveal the hidden continent to all, and make it once more visible and within easy reach, by means of a bridge, which the Ocean Daevas will build between that portion of the 'dry island' and its severed parts.** This relates, of course, to the seventh race, Simurgh being the Manvantaric cycle.

It is very curious that Cosmas Indicopleustes, who lived in the sixth century A.D., should have always maintained that man was born, and dwelt at first in a country beyond the Ocean, a proof of which had been given him in India, by a learned Chaldean . . . He says: 'The lands we live in are surrounded by the ocean, but beyond that ocean there is another land which touches the walls of the sky; and it is in this land that man was created and lived in paradise. During the Deluge, Noah was carried in his ark into the land his posterity now inhabits.' The twelve-legged horse of Hoshang was found on that continent named the dry island.

The 'Christian topography' of Cosmas Indicopleustes and its merits are well known; but here the good father repeats a universal tradition, now, moreover, corroborated by facts. Every arctic traveller suspects a continent or a 'dry island' beyond the line of eternal ice.

Yet no such island or continent in the far north has been discovered -- on the earth's outer surface.


source : http://esoterism.ro/english/mysteries-earth.php




          Musica Mundi 01-21-2015 with Elena Klaver        
Playlist:

- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
Hossam Ramzy- Tak Raka Takum - Sabla Tolo 4 Tak Raka Takum
Momken Band- Ya Ktabna - Rough GUide To The Music Of Palestine
Ramzi Aburedwan- Sans Adresse - Reflections Of Palestine
Imperial Tiger Orchestra- Yefikir Woha Timu - Beyond Addis Contemporary Jazz Funk Inspired By Ethiopian Sounds From The 70s
Zakir Hussain And The Rhythm Experience- Lineage - Zakir Hussain And The Rhythm Experience
Pura Fe- Roots Find The Cost Of Freedom - Caution To The Wind
Verdell Primeaux Johnny Mike- 1 Four Harmonized Peyote Songs - Hours Before Dawn
Les Ambassadeurs- Nagana feat Salif Keita - Les Ambassadeurs Du Motel De Bamako Vol 1 feat Salif Keita
Samba Toure- Wo Yende Alakar - Gandadiko
Verckys LOrchestre Vv- Sisa Motema - Verckys LOrchestre Vv Congolose Funk Afrobeat Psychedelic Rumba 19691978
Tribal Seeds- Herb Stock feat Mykal Rose - Representing
The Paradise Bangkok Molam International Band- - 21st Century Molam
Santal Tribe Musicians- Ayo Kukire Gel Bachhar - Music Of The Santal Tribe
Marta Gomez- Zamba Para Mi Muerte - Songs With Latin American Soul
Leticia Rodriguez Garza- La Cumbancha - Sagita Al Bate EP
Toumani Diabat Sidiki Diabat- Hamadoun Toure - Toumani Sidiki
Ricardo Ribeiro Jos Manuel Neto Jorge Fernando Marino De Freitas- Rezando Pedi Por Ti - Male Voices Of Fado
Fela Kuti Nigeria 70- Viva Nigeria - Finding Fela Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Rokkurro- Flugdrekar - Innra
Sin Fang- Young Boys - Made In Iceland VII
Arinushka- About Life - Old Faith
Aurelio- Saanaru - Lndini
Jabula- Mathome - Next Stop Soweto Presents Spirit Of Malombo Malombo Jabula Jazz Afrika 19661984
Chinbat Bassankhuu- Green Of The Valley - The Art Of The Mongolian Yatga
Oumar Konate- Bisimillah - Addoh


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/40/playlistDate/2015-01-21
          Onward – Short Film about Eagle Hunting in Mongolia        
Onward, a great short film about eagle hunting in Mongolia and keeping a vanishing culture alive. Check this unique way of life in person by joining our trip there this fall!
          2016 Hunting with Golden Eagles Mongolia, Sep 26 – Oct 9        
One of the oldest and most spectacular customs of Mongolia's Kazakh people, passed down from generation to generation, is hunting with specially trained eagles. This tradition displays the pride of the Kazakhs and their skills as hunters. The annual festival brings together the best eagle hunters of Mongolia. The festival is held in the extreme western part of Mongolia, at the heart of the majestic Altai Mountains, an area featuring rivers, glaciers and the beautiful landscapes in Mongolia’s Bayan-Ulgii Province.
          2015 Mongolia Trip Photo Essay 3        
LittlePo Adventures hosted a customized expedition for Naval Academy in Mongolia this summer. We had a wonderful time touring the capital city, paddling along the Tuul River, camel riding, and more! Below is our third photo essay to show readers the fun and beauty of Mongolia!
          2015 Mongolia Trip Photo Essay 2        
LittlePo Adventures hosted a customized expedition for Naval Academy in Mongolia this summer. We had a wonderful time touring the capital city, paddling along the Tuul River, camel riding, and more! Below is our second photo essay to show readers the fun and beauty of Mongolia!
          Indonesia - A Model For Post-Election Sri Lanka?        
| by Ruwantissa Abeyratne

( January 20, 2015, Montreal, Sri Lanka Guardian) At the end of 2014, The Economist identified three countries which conducted themselves as models of progress during the recent past: Uruguay which made gay marriages legal; Tunisia which conducted fair and just elections which led to its first step toward democracy; and Indonesia, which broke away from the shackles of military rule, and family favouritism and elected a common but decent and ethical man to the presidency through democratic elections. As it is, Sri Lanka should follow as the first progressive country which followed suit in 2015 with elections comparable with that of the Indonesian elections by breaking away from a norm which the voters decided was for the betterment of the country.

When I met an ambassador of Sri Lanka to a country in the Western World just a few years ago and asked how Sri Lanka was doing, his only response was, “the only problem is rampant corruption”.
As things are, the Indonesian example seems to be a desirable model for Sri Lanka. The Globe and Mail of 16 January 2014 says of the Indonesia of President Joko Widodo (popularly known as "Jokowi", a hard working businessman identified with the common man): "Indonesia is experiencing a burst of unprecedented economic and political optimism. The world’s fourth most populous country, with some 250 million people, is emerging as a powerhouse of Southeast Asia, at the dawn of an awakening that many compare to pre-boom China three decades ago. After decades of dictatorship and corruption, the country is quickly shifting course with the election of a political outsider that many think will usher in a new era of sustainable economic growth... corruption has been a problem for years, bleeding away state revenues that could have been used to build infrastructure and pay for services. Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission has been making headway, and Jokowi even had his cabinet vetted; financial institutions were approached for financial records and several potential cabinet ministers were excluded. He’s appointed technocrats to key economic portfolios".

The journal Foreign Affairs, in its November/December 2014 issue published an interview with Jokowi. One of the questions asked was: " You’re the first Indonesian president with no ties to the Suharto regime. You represent a new generation. What does that say about Indonesia and about the kind of president you’ll be? Jokowi's answer was: "The fact that someone like me could become president shows that our democracy is maturing. We have a lively and independent media. We used social media in our campaign and had more than 3,000 groups of volunteers. This is a new political system. We are taking a human-centric approach to win the trust of the people.

It is heartening that this is what the new Sri Lankan regime is claiming to do.

The key words here are "human-centric approach to win the trust of the people".

The first step in this process is incontrovertibly the establishment of a free and independent media, where the people of the country will have access to transparency and the assurance of an incorruptible system of governance. In other words, unfettered freedom of speech. Jeff Jacob Lourie said: “It [freedom of speech] is bedevilled by the evil intent, ignorance, and stupidity of literally millions of people. But it is the greatest protection against tyranny that there is. Witness the fall of the dictatorships of Serbia, Argentina, Greece, and Chile. Even in free countries freedom of speech is not something that is automatic. Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. That's not just a cliché. We must guard against the rich, the powerful, the crazies, the haters and the fanatics. We need to maintain everyone's right to free speech, but we cannot let lies and libel go unanswered. On the whole we have done a pretty good job here in the U.S.A. and not only in the obvious ways. I do not think it accidental that our contributions to the technology of freedom are so significant: telephones, television, railroads, automobiles, computers and the internet have all increased our ability to communicate freely”.

The next evil to be attacked should be corruption. The Venerable Walpola Piyananda, in his article Sri Lanka...Independent but not Yet Free published in the Sri Lanka Guardian of 1 February 2012 says inter alia, “As a nation and a people we have not yet won our freedom from egotistical self-centeredness, collective irresponsibility, pettiness, arrogance, and an unbridled lack of discipline… not a day passes without the exposure of another corrupt government official. Bribery, extortion, obstacles to progress removed or kept in place by greasing palms – all have become common in our society. Right livelihood is ignored as greed trumps integrity. Can these self-centered practices exist in a truly free society where selfless government officials work for the benefit of all the people?”

Those in power cannot just wash their hands off from this scourge, by saying they have no control over actions of their fellow countrymen. One must note that the state's inability to implement tight monitoring systems is not the only cause of corruption. For the most part corruption reigns in the absence of an integrated system of internal supervision in the public sector. Corruption has both corrosive and toxic effects on a society. The Rport on Human Development in South Asia 1999 concluded:

“Corruption is one of the most damaging consequences of poor governance. It undermines investment and economic growth, decreases the resources available for human development goals, deepens the extent of poverty, subverts the judicial system, and undermines the legitimacy of the state. In fact, when corruption becomes entrenched, it can devastate the entire economic, political, and social fabric of a country…corruption breeds corruption – and a failure to combat it effectively can lead to an era of entrenched corruption”.

Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, said in The Times of India: “To eradicate corruption we require individuals who are incorruptible and, undoubtedly, what produces such individuals is spirituality. There is a saying that violence begins in the mind. This is true also of corruption: corruption begins in the mind. If we can alter our thinking, we can safely say that we shall have eradicated corruption by at least 50%.

J.S.T. Quah, in a paper Curbing Corruption in Asia: A comparative study of six countries, published in 2003 stated that that in Asian countries three patterns of corruption control have been identified :


1. There are anti-corruption laws but no specific agency that implement those laws (Mongolia which has instituted the Law on Anti-Corruption and three provisions restricting bribery in the Criminal Code).

2. The combination of anti-corruption laws and several anti-corruption agencies (Philippines, China and India).

3. The impartial implementation of comprehensive anti-corruption laws by a specific anti-corruption agency (Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Thailand and South Korea).

According to a study conducted in 2008 by Transparency International (TI), the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption, Sri Lanka occupied the 92nd position among 180 countries in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2008. The study indicated that Sri Lanka’s score remained at a low 3.2, indicating a serious corruption problem in the public sector. Neighbouring countries except Bhutan, all scored below 3.5. Lack of transparency in political finance and poor parliamentary oversight were quoted as a key governance problem in Sri Lanka. Only India (3.4) and Sri Lanka are above a score of 3 with Maldives (2.8), Nepal (2.7), Pakistan (2.5) and Bangladesh (2.1) remaining with low scores. Analysts attributed India’s position to the implementation of the Right to Information Act.

Victor Ivan, a journalist did not mince his words when he said a few years ago: “The foundation of the political system of Sri Lanka is based on bribery or corruption. Power politics of Sri Lanka may be defined as the right to plunder public property. There is a competition among political parties to win that right for a limited period. The group that wins plunders public property to the maximum during its term of office. It distributes among its supporters some part of the wealth thus plundered. The system of institutions including the judiciary, also functions according to that inherent ideology. Such a system of institutions is required because of the necessity to pretend that the state is un-corrupt although the official ideology is corrupt. The system of institutions including the judiciary, which are built to counter bribery or corruption, also gives the necessary protection to the corrupt practices of the ruling party in power. At the same time, implementation of the law against the corrupt practices of the opponents of the ruling party helps to give the government an anti-corruption appearance”.

I can add my personal anecdote. When I met an ambassador of Sri Lanka to a country in the Western World just a few years ago and asked how Sri Lanka was doing, his only response was, “the only problem is rampant corruption”.

Perhaps it appropriate to conclude with the words of Jokowi to Foreign Affairs when he was asked how he was planning to implement his governance strategy for a better, uncorrupted Indonesia. He said: " I will work with everyone and talk to everyone".

Of course, those in power in Sri Lanka will have to watch the proven deceitful, disingenuous and self serving turncoats and spin doctors.

The author is a former United Nations official.



          International Women's Day (8 March)/Dia Internaçional da Mulher (8 de março)        

International Women's Day, 8 March 2010:

Equal rights, equal opportunities: Progress for all

From: http://www.internationalwomensday.com

International Women's Day has been observed since in the early 1900's, a time of great expansion and turbulence in the industrialized world that saw booming population growth and the rise of radical ideologies. 

1908
Great unrest and critical debate was occurring amongst women. Women's oppression and inequality was spurring women to become more vocal and active in campaigning for change. Then in 1908, 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay and voting rights.

1909
In accordance with a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman's Day (NWD) was observed across the United States on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate NWD on the last Sunday of February until 1913.

1910
In 1910 a second International Conference of Working Women was held in Copenhagen. A woman named a Clara Zetkin (Leader of the 'Women's Office' for the Social Democratic Party in Germany) tabled the idea of an International Women's Day. She proposed that every year in every country there should be a celebration on the same day - a Women's Day - to press for their demands. The conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, representing unions, socialist parties, working women's clubs, and including the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament, greeted Zetkin's suggestion with unanimous approval and thus International Women's Day was the result.

1911
Following the decision agreed at Copenhagen in 1911, International Women's Day (IWD) was honoured the first time in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland on 19 March. More than one million women and men attended IWD rallies campaigning for women's rights to work, vote, be trained, to hold public office and end discrimination. However less than a week later on 25 March, the tragic 'Triangle Fire' in New York City took the lives of more than 140 working women, most of them Italian and Jewish immigrants. This disastrous event drew significant attention to working conditions and labour legislation in the United States that became a focus of subsequent International Women's Day events. 1911 also saw women's 'Bread and Roses' campaign.

 
1913-1914
On the eve of World War I campaigning for peace, Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. In 1913 following discussions, International Women's Day was transferred to 8 March and this day has remained the global date for International Wommen's Day ever since. In 1914 further women across Europe held rallies to campaign against the war and to express women's solidarity.

1917
On the last Sunday of February, Russian women began a strike for "bread and peace" in response to the death over 2 million Russian soldiers in war. Opposed by political leaders the women continued to strike until four days later the Czar was forced to abdicate and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote. The date the women's strike commenced was Sunday 23 February on the Julian calendar then in use in Russia. This day on the Gregorian calendar in use elsewhere was 8 March.

1918 - 1999
Since its birth in the socialist movement, International Women's Day has grown to become a global day of recognition and celebration across developed and developing countries alike. For decades, IWD has grown from strength to strength annually. For many years the United Nations has held an annual IWD conference to coordinate international efforts for women's rights and participation in social, political and economic processes. 1975 was designated as 'International Women's Year' by the United Nations. Women's organisations and governments around the world have also observed IWD annually on 8 March by holding large-scale events that honour women's advancement and while diligently reminding of the continued vigilance and action required to ensure that women's equality is gained and maintained in all aspects of life.

2000 and beyond
IWD is now an official holiday in China, Armenia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Vietnam. The tradition sees men honouring their mothers, wives, girlfriends, colleagues, etc with flowers and small gifts. In some countries IWD has the equivalent status of Mother's Day where children give small presents to their mothers and grandmothers.
The new millennium has witnessed a significant change and attitudinal shift in both women's and society's thoughts about women's equality and emancipation. Many from a younger generation feel that 'all the battles have been won for women' while many feminists from the 1970's know only too well the longevity and ingrained complexity of patriarchy. With more women in the boardroom, greater equality in legislative rights, and an increased critical mass of women's visibility as impressive role models in every aspect of life, one could think that women have gained true equality. The unfortunate fact is that women are still not paid equally to that of their male counterparts, women still are not present in equal numbers in business or politics, and globally women's education, health and the violence against them is worse than that of men.
However, great improvements have been made. We do have female astronauts and prime ministers, school girls are welcomed into university, women can work and have a family, women have real choices. And so the tone and nature of IWD has, for the past few years, moved from being a reminder about the negatives to a celebration of the positives.

GoogleAnnually on 8 March, thousands of events are held throughout the world to inspire women and celebrate achievements. A global web of rich and diverse local activity connects women from all around the world ranging from political rallies, business conferences, government activities and networking events through to local women's craft markets, theatric performances, fashion parades and more.
Many global corporations have also started to more actively support IWD by running their own internal events and through supporting external ones. For example, on 8 March search engine and media giant Google some years even changes its logo on its global search pages. Year on year IWD is certainly increasing in status. The United States even designates the whole month of March as 'Women's History Month'.
So make a difference, think globally and act locally !! Make everyday International Women's Day. Do your bit to ensure that the future for girls is bright, equal, safe and rewarding.

---

More about International Women's Day from the UN's Women Watch site: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/feature/iwd/:
In 1975, during International Women's Year, the United Nations began celebrating 8 March as International Women's Day. Two years later, in December 1977, the General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming a United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace to be observed on any day of the year by Member States, in accordance with their historical and national traditions. For the United Nations, International Women's Day has been observed on 8 March since 1975. The Day is traditionally marked with a message from the Secretary-General.



          David Delburn replied to Unseen's discussion 'Mongolian Neo Nazi environmentalists. WTF?!!!'        
David Delburn replied to Unseen's discussion 'Mongolian Neo Nazi environmentalists. WTF?!!!'

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          The Last of the Nomads: Student Filmmaker Documents Changing Mongolian Lifestyle, Music        

When Loyola University New Orleans senior music industry studies major Dimitri Staszewski began his academic career four years ago, he never imagined he would travel 7,000 miles across the globe on a quest to document the changing musical traditions of Mongolian herders. But the aspiring filmmaker recently spent four months traveling back and forth between Mongolia’s capital city, Ulaanbaatar, and the Mongolian countryside filming and experiencing first-hand the culture he’d previously only read about.

(PRWeb October 29, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/10/prweb11276018.htm


          Eating in Sarasota        
Venice Beach


Greetings, dear readers!

Hope your January is treating you well. For me, I get through the winter with mentally focusing on how many days to Spring (as of today, 48!). But since that didn’t work so well for me this year, we escaped to Florida for a few days! 

Our base of operations for the week was Sarasota on the beautiful Gulf of Mexico. My previous trips to Florida’s west coast were for work so truthfully I never saw much besides airports and whatever hotel I was sequestered in. But this time, we saw a lot of this gorgeous coast, and had a lot of great food (which is really why I travel). 
Dinner night one was at Shore. A trendy spot smack in the middle of St Armand’s Circle on Longboat Key. Shore has a beautiful open air dining area overlooking the street, dotted with candles and heaters (for chilly evenings). I loved the soft glow created by the dimmed lights but I saw many guests pulling out their phones and powering up the flashlight to read the menu. I continue to be amazed at how many restaurants plan the dining environment without taking into account actually being able to read a menu in the near-dark! 

We dined at Shore on a Thursday evening and the place was hopping (it is the season in Florida), but that did not damper the enthusiasm or level of service from the wait staff. 
Martinis at Shore

Crab Cake - Shore
We began with a Tito’s Cosmo (for me) and a Tito’s martini with bleu cheese-stuffed olives (for my husband) - both done very well. From there, we enjoyed the Maryland lump crab cake with a jicama slaw and Old Bay aioli. 

I chose the Key West shrimp and scallops with lemon risotto, local greens, and tomato confit, which was a delicious combination. The shrimp and scallops were cooked perfectly but the risotto was slightly gummy. My husband, unfortunately, chose the St Louis “Jenga” Ribs with Mongolian glaze, chopped Chinese salad, and crushed peanuts. He is constantly searching for good ribs, but once you’ve had ribs in BBQ capitals like Austin, North Carolina, and Memphis, most restaurants can’t live up to that, and sadly these did not. They were overcooked. Enough said. 

Shore’s atmosphere struck me to be more about people watching than food. And that’s perfectly OK.

Sarasota hosts a terrific farmer’s market every Saturday and we spent some time enjoying the warm morning air checking out the vendors. Everything from fresh seafood to baked goods to gorgeous produce, were available. If I lived in Sarasota, I’d be there every week.

If you know anything about me, you know that breakfast is my favorite meal so I was anxious to visit some of the breakfast restaurants in the area. They ran the gamut from “eh” to “very good.” I won’t bore you with the “eh” options because I’m not in the business of bashing restaurants, so here are the two best venues we found:
Pancakes - Sun Garden Cafe

Sun Garden Cafe in Siesta Key - this cafe is located in a pretty little beach town and they have a nice outdoor courtyard. We loved the fluffy pancakes and very good sausage gravy. 
Perfect Biscuit - Buttermilk
Biscuit Egg Bake - Buttermilk

Buttermilk in Sarasota - for me, Buttermilk was the standout. They specialize in biscuits and man, were they good. I had the delectable egg bake biscuit with Benton’s perfect bacon - I was making yummy noises all the while! My hubby loved the biscuit with sausage gravy (so flavorful with nice chunks of sausage). 
Pastries at Buttermilk

While ordering, of course I had to peruse the baked goods case, which looked fabulous. I made a mental note to come back to try one of the pastries. And the day before we left Sarasota, I did. It was hard to choose only one item, but I restrained myself (fearing even more pounds to lose when I came home!) and picked the fabulous brown sugar-cinnamon coffee cake. OMG. This cake had a terrific light crumb and a crunchy buttery topping that was almost candy-like. Another place that would be on my weekly visit list if I lived here. 

Coffee Cake - Buttermilk
The next night we had dinner with friends at the somewhat touristy, but still good, long-time Sarasota venue — Columbia. Founded in 1905, and according to their web site, the oldest restaurant in Florida, it is now managed by the fifth generation of the founding family. Columbia features authentic Cuban cuisine at several locations around Florida. We ate at the Longboat Key site and it’s a good thing we had a reservation because this place was mobbed! It’s a huge restaurant with tables spilling out onto the sidewalks full of customers enjoying signature mojitos and daiquiris (yours truly enjoyed the Tango Mango Daiquiri). 

Sea Foam Margarita - Fins
We ventured a bit outside the Sarasota area to meet friends for lunch on different occasions. One day, we soaked up the warmth in Venice Beach at Fins - a waterfront restaurant with a million dollar view. Loved the sea foam Margarita!

Another day while in the North Port area, we had a fabulous lunch at Nan’s Thai Noodle. The pork with Thai spicy noodles was killer! It’s in a nondescript strip mall and the restaurant has no atmosphere at all, but the food was outstanding.

Back to “serious” dining: all the top restaurant lists mention Indigenous. Owned by Chef Steve Phelps, he opened this restaurant in a beautifully restored home in 2011. The atmosphere is warm and comfortable, like having dinner in a friend's home. It’s a rather rambling house (again, with almost no lighting), and we were seated in the wine bar dining room, where our server also happened to be the bartender. Even though the bar and the other tables in this room were full, we never felt neglected. He answered questions about the menu and the evening’s specials, and guided us to a great wine choice. 
Cheese Crackers - Indigenous

Our waiter brought us a small basket with delicious cheese crackers as we pondered the menu (these reminded me of traditional Southern cheese straws). We both chose one of the soups for the first course and switched halfway through so we could try each of them. My favorite was the thick and creamy wild mushroom bisque with truffled rye croutons. Not far behind though, was the gazpacho with crunchy chickpeas, basil yogurt, and garam masala. This was so refreshing on a warm evening.
Pork Belly - Indigenous

For the main course, after much debate, my husband settled on the pork belly with white cheddar drop biscuit, tomato jam, Everglades hollandaise, and pickles. Tender, juicy, flavorful - probably the best pork belly we’ve had.
Thai Lamb Meatballs - Indigenous

My choice was the Thai lamb meatballs. Practically shouting with the bright flavors of lemongrass and ginger, subtly painted with garlic yogurt, and surrounded by marinated cucumbers, carrots, shallots, and basil, these were absolutely delicious. We enjoyed the dinner with a wonderful Italian red that complemented both dishes perfectly.

Our last dinner in Sarasota took us to Veronica Fish and Oyster - a very cool place in the Southside Village section of town. Their tagline is “a modern oyster bar with a nod to classic supper clubs of past.” From the warm greeting when you enter, to the attentive service from our wait person, it was a delightful evening. Of course, great drinks and delicious food must figure into that equation for a restaurant to be somewhere I would return to, and they did. 

Since we were in a  supper club of sorts, I thought I’d take a step back in time and try their whiskey sour. I’ve never been a whiskey drinker, but this one made with Templeton rye and citrus and served over ice, could make me a convert. This was a perfect sipping cocktail. 

Potato rolls - Veronica's
Dinner was a home run all the way through, beginning with the warm house made potato rolls served with sea salt butter. Think about the standard-issue potato rolls you might buy at the supermarket and ramp up their fluffy texture and yeasty flavor by about 100%. Slather on the perfectly spreadable sea salt butter. Then try not to eat all of them before your dinner comes. Good luck with that!

Fried Shrimp - Veronica's
Well, I didn’t eat ALL the potato rolls so I had room for my dinner, which was fabulous. Starting with the Szechuan fried shrimp with snow pea slaw and pickled pineapple. Light, crisp shrimp with a delightfully refreshing slaw and just-enough-tart pineapple to bring all the flavors together. A winner!

Gumbo - Veronica's
Given my (some would say) overeating of the aforementioned rolls, I opted for a smaller entree. The Chef’s Momma’s Chicken Gumbo with Andouille Sausage and Jasmine Rice had caught my eye weeks earlier when I was deep into restaurant planning. This rich, spicy soup brought me right back to traditional gumbos from the New Orleans area that I love.

Even though the desserts proffered sounded wonderful, and you know I am all about dessert, there was no way I could manage it. Next time!

This is owned by the Shore Diner team, but for my money and time, Veronica’s would be my choice between the two. 

All in all, a delicious, sunny week on Florida’s Gulf Coast! If you’ve been to the Sarasota area lately and want to share your restaurant finds, please leave a comment below. Until next time: eat well, stay warm, be happy.

Siesta Beach



       

          Police appeal for information on outrage of modesty case        

Police appeal for information on outrage of modesty case : Videos

Razor TV i-Witness Episode 9 - Heartbeat Molester Wanted
Razor TV i-Witness Episode 9 - Heartbeat Molester Wanted

Razor TV i-Witness Episode 9 - Heartbeat Molester Wanted

assist in the investigation of this recent spate of outrage of modesty cases. If you have any information, please call the police at 1800 255 0000 ... Rated: 4     Duration: 210 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Mon, 25 Oct 2010 03:28:45 PDT

BLACK & WHITE ALUVA MURDER CASE PART 1.flv
BLACK & WHITE ALUVA MURDER CASE PART 1.flv

BLACK & WHITE ALUVA MURDER CASE PART 1.flv

INDIAVISION CRIME INVESTIGATION special thanks :- ****BIJU B NAIR- PREAMKUMAR-JUSTIN JOSEPH & JOSEKUTTY*** BIBIN KATTAPPNA {Millan}as Antony ... Rated: 5     Duration: 1307 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Thu, 08 Dec 2011 07:36:11 PST

Crime rate down, phone and Internet love scams up - 07Feb2012
Crime rate down, phone and Internet love scams up - 07Feb2012

Crime rate down, phone and Internet love scams up - 07Feb2012

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If You See Something, Film Something III: Where is the Outrage and the Accountability?
If You See Something, Film Something III: Where is the Outrage and the Accountability?

If You See Something, Film Something III: Where is the Outrage and the Accountability?

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If You See Something, Film Something III Where is the Outrage and the Accountability
If You See Something, Film Something III Where is the Outrage and the Accountability

If You See Something, Film Something III Where is the Outrage and the Accountability

From www.youtube.com ▀█▀ █▀ █_█ ▀█▀ █▬█ BeKnownЯ Ξ √ Ω LUT ↑ ☼ N Like us on Facebook: www.facebook.com And Youtubes: www.youtube.com ... Rated: 5     Duration: 578 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Mon, 27 Feb 2012 19:58:10 PST

Haryana Police Chief Rathore and 14 years Girl Ruchikas molestation case. .wmv
Haryana Police Chief Rathore and 14 years Girl Ruchikas molestation case. .wmv

Haryana Police Chief Rathore and 14 years Girl Ruchikas molestation case. .wmv

Haryana Police Chief Rathore and 14 years Girl Ruchikas molestation case. Tamil Speech By SVRamani. The mockery of justice in the Ruchika case ... Rated: -1     Duration: 614 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Sun, 03 Jan 2010 03:21:16 PST

Outrage at Inner Mongolia Murder
Outrage at Inner Mongolia Murder

Outrage at Inner Mongolia Murder

Follow us on TWITTER: twitter.com Like us on FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com Pastures in Xiwuqi, Inner Mongolia were damaged in recent years, due to ... Rated: 4.3333335     Duration: 271 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Thu, 26 May 2011 00:18:33 PDT

If You See Something, Film Something II: Recording Police is a Dangerous but Necessary Thing to Do
If You See Something, Film Something II: Recording Police is a Dangerous but Necessary Thing to Do

If You See Something, Film Something II: Recording Police is a Dangerous but Necessary Thing to Do

▀█▀ █▀ █_█ ▀█▀ █▬█ BeKnown www.facebook.com This video was created as an example of the importance of filming the police. Video provides ... Rated: 4.86448     Duration: 469 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Sat, 04 Feb 2012 19:46:50 PST

POLICE BRUTALITY! If You See Something, Film it! Recording Police is Dangerous but Necessary!
POLICE BRUTALITY! If You See Something, Film it! Recording Police is Dangerous but Necessary!

POLICE BRUTALITY! If You See Something, Film it! Recording Police is Dangerous but Necessary!

▀█▀ █▀ █_█ ▀█▀ █▬█ BeKnownЯ Ξ √ Ω LUT ↑ ☼ N Like us on Facebook: www.facebook.com And Youtubes: www.youtube.com This video was created ... Rated: 4.8     Duration: 469 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Sun, 19 Feb 2012 11:20:08 PST

Police Brutality - If You See Something, Film Something (Trilogy)
Police Brutality - If You See Something, Film Something (Trilogy)

Police Brutality - If You See Something, Film Something (Trilogy)

▀█▀ █▀ █_█ ▀█▀ █▬█ BeKnown www.facebook.com If You See Something, Film Something (P1: You Have The Right To Film The Police) youtu.be If ... Rated: 4.8947368     Duration: 1297 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Sun, 12 Feb 2012 18:53:33 PST

If You See Something, Film Something I: You Have The Right To Film The Police
If You See Something, Film Something I: You Have The Right To Film The Police

If You See Something, Film Something I: You Have The Right To Film The Police

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If You See Something, Film Something II Recording Police is a Dangerous but Necessary Thing to Do
If You See Something, Film Something II Recording Police is a Dangerous but Necessary Thing to Do

If You See Something, Film Something II Recording Police is a Dangerous but Necessary Thing to Do

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TYT Hour - July 16th, 2010
TYT Hour - July 16th, 2010

TYT Hour - July 16th, 2010

union over issues appropriately dressed for the oil spill this is an outrage this is like an outrage always example earlier outbreaks is allright ... Rated: 4.8892307     Duration: 2868 seconds     Video type: YouTube     Hosted by: www.youtube.com on Fri, 16 Jul 2010 20:52:30 PDT

Tazkira tu Shahada tain By Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian تذکرۃ الشہادتین
Tazkira tu Shahada tain By Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian تذکرۃ الشہادتین

Tazkira tu Shahada tain By Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian تذکرۃ الشہادتین

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Michael Lerner Sam Botta Atlas Shrugged April 15 Movie Release Oscars
Michael Lerner Sam Botta Atlas Shrugged April 15 Movie Release Oscars

Michael Lerner Sam Botta Atlas Shrugged April 15 Movie Release Oscars

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Tanya Roberts Outrageous Love & Friendship Sam Botta-Live Fearless-Chris Shining,Executive Producer
Tanya Roberts Outrageous Love & Friendship Sam Botta-Live Fearless-Chris Shining,Executive Producer

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Part 7 - A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens (Book 03, Chs 08-11)
Part 7 - A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens (Book 03, Chs 08-11)

Part 7 - A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens (Book 03, Chs 08-11)

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If You See Something, Film Something I: You Have The Right To Film ...
If You See Something, Film Something I: You Have The Right To Film ...

If You See Something, Film Something I: You Have The Right To Film ...

Hosted by: YouTube

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America divided on death penalty, Troy Davis
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Hosted by: YouTubeHosted by: YouTubeHosted by: YouTube

Police appeal for information on outrage of modesty case : Photo Gallery

POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE
POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE

POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE

POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE

Police appeal for information

Police appealing for information on outrage of modesty case
Police appealing for information on outrage of modesty case

Police appealing for information on outrage of modesty case

Police appealing for information on outrage of modesty case

Police appealing for

POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE
POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE

POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE

POLICE APPEAL FOR INFORMATION ON OUTRAGE OF MODESTY CASE

Police are looking for the man

Police appeal for information in outrage of modesty cases
Police appeal for information in outrage of modesty cases

Police appeal for information in outrage of modesty cases

Police appeal for information in outrage of modesty cases

The police are looking for a

Appeal For Information - Outrage Of Modesty Cases - SgForums.
Appeal For Information - Outrage Of Modesty Cases - SgForums.

Appeal For Information - Outrage Of Modesty Cases - SgForums.

Appeal For Information - Outrage Of Modesty Cases - SgForums.

Anyone with information on the

Police seek man to help with investigation - Title1
Police seek man to help with investigation - Title1

Police seek man to help with investigation - Title1

Police seek man to help with investigation - Title1

Police seek man to help with

Singapore Police Force - Media Information Centre
Singapore Police Force - Media Information Centre

Singapore Police Force - Media Information Centre

Singapore Police Force - Media Information Centre

of Outrage of Modesty

Police looking for man in relation to outrage of modesty cases
Police looking for man in relation to outrage of modesty cases

Police looking for man in relation to outrage of modesty cases

Police looking for man in relation to outrage of modesty cases
          La principessa e l'aquila        
Il ritratto della prima donna a diventare cacciatrice con le aquile, nel nord ovest della Mongolia
* * * - - (mymonetro: 3,00)

Regia di Otto Bell. Con Daisy Ridley, Lodovica Comello.
Genere Documentario - Gran Bretagna, Mongolia, USA, 2016. Durata 87 minuti circa.

La tradizione dei cacciatori con le aquile, presso le popolazioni nomadi della Mongolia, ha duemila anni di storia. Il metodo per questo tipo di caccia, a volpi, lupi e altri animali, si tramanda di padre in figlio, laddove la persona mostra una propensione spiccata per la collaborazione con l'aquila. Quando cioè, per dirla come loro, "ce l'ha nel sangue". Aishoplan è una ragazzina di tredici anni che, diversamente dalle amiche, non ha mai avuto paura di un'aquila né di arrampicarsi in altissima montagna per catturare il suo personale aquilotto all'indomani dello svezzamento e crescerlo e addestrarlo secondo gli insegnamenti del padre.

A Genova:
- Auditorium Burgo (Moneglia) (21:30)




          Capacity Building and Technology Update: Initiatives Focus on Transport and Indigenous Peoples’ REDD+ Readiness        
The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) convened a workshop in Saint Michael, Barbados, from 4-5 July 2017 to discuss the best way to integrate climate resilience in the road transport sector. The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility issued a working paper titled, ‘The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility’s Capacity Building Program for Forest-Dependent Indigenous Peoples and Southern Civil Society Organizations: Results from 2009-2016’. Following Mongolia’s TNA designation of the high cost of capital as a barrier to growth in its energy efficiency and renewable energy market, a local bank addressed the barrier by providing environmentally sustainable solutions.
           The status and management of the Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa population         
UNSPECIFIED. (1997) The status and management of the Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa population. ORYX, 31 (2). pp. 127-134. ISSN 0030-6053
          PH boxers to Kazakhstan or Mongolia        
The three Filipino punchers who booked berths to the 2017 world championships in Germany will step up to the plate next month when they perform either in Kazakhstan or Mongolia.
          Skate These Cities Before You Die: Part 2        

In our last blog, we gave you three cities to add to your skateboarding bucket list, because we know that skateboarding is about adventure. Get Boards is proud to provide premier skateboards and skateboarding gear that will stick with you through thick and thin. In our last blog, we suggested some great cities to visit. In this blog, we will finish up our list of cities!

Ordos, Mongolia, China

This ghost city is full of sprawling transitions and smooth ground. You will feel like the star of a dystopian movie as you cruise down canyons made of skyscrapers. The city was made for over a million and only houses about 30,000. This is an eerie experience you will not want to miss.

Boston, USA

This city is phenomenal because it has so much skateable architecture packed into a tiny space. The ledges at Copely Square have been famous since the ‘90s, and if you have not skated them yet, you need to get there!

London, UK

This city is full of marble ledges and banks, rails, and bricks. It can be a challenging landscape. The Kennington Bowl was refurbished by Converse, which is a great place to take a break from the streets.

Barcelona, Spain

This city has been famous with skateboarders for years. The living is cheap and the authorities are lax about skateboarding. Check out the MACBA, Forum and the manny pads at Paral-lel … and you will have experienced a mere fraction of the awesome this city has to offer.

Skateboards are wonderful because they give freedom that nothing else does. Check out our skate shop online and keep rolling!


          Cameron Ambushing Corbynista’s Coat Costs £300        

The “Jeremy Corbyn” love heart coat worn by the Corbynista who ambushed David Cameron at Oxfordshire’s Wilderness Festival costs a mere £300. According to manufacturers IsolatedHeroes, the garment “comes with a detachable Mongolian lambs wool collar.” The woman in the picture is ‘art consultant’ Lucy Edwards, who runs a Soho gallery which sells prints for £800 each. […]

The post Cameron Ambushing Corbynista’s Coat Costs £300 appeared first on Guido Fawkes.


          Floating, solar-powered 'dragonfly' bridge can sail to new locations        
This floating pedestrian bridge, designed as a proposal for Ordos City, can sail along rivers and oceans like a boat. Designer Margot Krasojevic conceived it as a flexible structure that can be folded, stacked and expanded so that it can be moored along quaysides, sailed or permanently positioned on any location. The Ordos government commissioned Krasojevic to design a pedestrian bridge which would cross the Wulanmulun River, located in Ordos city, Kangbashi district Mongolia. The SailBoat...
          The presidents who shaped a nation - Mt Rushmore        

A 600km 3 day detour took us to another historical bucket list item for me, Mt Rushmore. I've seen many monuments and statues during my travels, and one that stands out in my mind is the huge Genghis Khan statue in Mongolia. But they do not compare to the huge 20m faces carved into an actual mountain.

Originally it was meant to
go to the waist
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt peer down at you from among the trees as part of this granite mountain. Over a period of 14 years, 400 workers and with the predominant tool being dynamite, these four faces emerged and are predicted to withstand the forces of time for at least a thousand years. The idea being that a future civilisation will understand this one better. To that end there is a small room built into the mountain that has 16 porcelain panels of information including the words of the Declaration of Independence. Interesting bit of trivia: Washington's nose is 1 foot longer than the others.
The creator, the workers and the tools
Wall of US history
The area around the mountain has been kept mostly natural and you cannot go near the monument itself. There is a path you can look up from to see the faces from different directions, a sculptures studio containing the tools used and the original sculpture model, and a museum.  The museum has a documentary about the construction of the monument and a room devoted to Gutzon Borglum the sculptor, and the workers who created it, as well as information on the history of the US from Washington on. Finally there is a ceremony at night in an amphitheatre.

This ceremony is quite moving. Obviously it is designed to fire up US patriotism and they talk about what the four presidents accomplished and what it means to current US society. We see a documentary movie on a big outdoor screen, after which the mountain is illuminated with huge lights, extremely impressive. Then past and present members of the armed services in the audience or their representatives are invited to come down on to the stage. There is a flag lowering and folding ceremony after which every single person on the stage gives their name and rank or that of the person they represent. The crowd shows its appreciation for them and their sacrifices in the usual way and we all go home. The amount of respect shown to their servicemen and servicewomen in the US is impressive and unlike anywhere else in the world we have been.


I really enjoyed seeing the US history presented here. There are quotes from all four presidents peppered throughout the complex, some of which seem even more relevant today...

"I recognize the right and duty of this generation to develop and use the natural resources of our land; but I do not recognize the right to waste them, or to rob, by wasteful use, the generations that come after us." Theodore Roosevelt



          Green Drop Award 2015: a Venezia il cinema è anche ambientalista        
Immagine e © Green Drop Award


Il Festival la Mostra del Cinema di Venezia da qualche anno ha aperto al tema dell'ambiente con il Green Drop Award, il premio che viene dato al film che meglio riesce a rappresentare i temi ambientalisti di conservazione del pianeta.

A guidare la giuria del Green Drop Award 2015, presentato a luglio alla Casa del Cinema di Roma, troviamo Remo­ Girone, Francesca Inaudi, Sebastiano Somma, Paola Comin e Lucia Gr­enna, madrina della giornata Nancy Brilli. I giurati sono arrivati a  bordo della DeLorean DMC12­, la famosa auto del film di fantascienza “­Ritorno al Futuro­”che nel secondo episodio della trilogia viaggia nel futuro con una macchina alimentata dal biometano generato dagli scarti alimentari, ritrovandosi nel 21 ottobre 2015, cioé tra poche settimane.

La mitica De Lorean di Ritorno al Futuro. Immagine e © di Green Drop Award

L'edizione del 2015 è stata vinta dal film “­Beixi Moshuo - Behemoth­” di ­Zhao Liang, che si è aggiudicato la “goccia d'acqua”, ­soffiata dai mastri vetrai di Murano, ch­e quest'anno conterrà la sabbia proveniente dal Senegal­, paese emblema della siccità, al centro­ di campagne di sensibilizzazione e di p­rogetti di cooperazione di Green Cross I­talia.

L’inferno in terra: questo infatti racc­onta “Behemoth”, portando sullo schermo ­le ceneri e il frastuono causati dalle a­ttività minerarie in Mongolia. “Nella Divina Commedia, Dante attraversa­ in sogno l’Inferno, il Purgatorio e il ­Paradiso. In Behemoth mi sono ispirato a Dante­ e ho descritto un’enorme catena industr­iale, in cui i colori rosso, grigio e bl­u rappresentano rispettivamente i tre re­gni danteschi”, ha spiegato Zhao Liang­, continuando: “Attraverso lo sguardo contemplativo d­el film, analizzo le condizioni di vita dei lavor­atori e l’insensato sviluppo urbano. È la mia ­meditazione critica sulla civiltà modern­a ".


Il Green Drop Award non si limita alla premiazione, è anche momento di dibattito sui temi ambientalisti in generale e del mondo del cinema in particolare. Si è infatti parlato di compostaggio dei rifiuti e di biometano, di sostenibilità ambientale dei set cinematografici secondo standard precisi (dal risparmio energetico all'uso di boccioni di acqua anziché le bottigliette fino al riuso dei materiali e all'uso delle stoviglie biodegradabili o riutilizzabili). Non solo: “Nel No­rd del Senegal abbiamo individuato due p­iccoli villaggi di 5000 persone, dove ab­biamo individuato 60 ettari di terreno m­ai coltivato. Con il nostro progetto ora­ circa 1000 persone possono lavorare e v­ivere dei benefici della terra. Abbiamo ­portato e installato circa 800 chilometr­i di tubi per l'irrigazione dei 600.000 ­metri quadrati di terreno. E' stato inst­allato un grande impianto di pannelli so­lari che produce 150 kW di potenza" spiega Elio Pacilio, p­residente di Green Cross Italia, l'associazione creata da Mikhail Gorbaciov tra gli organizzatori del Green Drop Award.

Marco Gisotti, direttore dell'evento, spiega come portare avanti i temi ambientali nel mondo e nei media: "Nel frattempo credo che la strada mi­gliore sia quella di autoconvocare gli S­tati generali del cinema verde in occasi­one della prossima Festa del Cinema di R­oma, quindi entro ottobre. Sperando che ­entro l’anno il Mibact costituisca quest­o tavolo. Sarebbe un bel segnale per il ­mondo del cinema e per combattere efficacemente i cambiamenti climatici, di cui ­si discuterà in alla Conferenza mondiale­ di Parigi fra novanta giorni”.

          Converse China - The Mekong Junction        

Not often does one leave their country with a little skate session at the departing Terminal. The Converse China team is on the mission to explore the neighboring and surrounding countries of the People's Republic of China to discover what skateboarding has to offer where the grass is supposed to be greener. Mongolia, Russia, Vietnam and now Laos & Thailand in 'The Mekong Junction' are all playing grounds for the team of six in the eager hunt for spots!

Directed, Edited and Filmed by Patrik Wallner
Organized by Eric Lai
Featuring the Converse China Team (2014)

converse.com.cn
visualtraveling.com

Cast: Patrik Wallner

Tags: Converse, China, Skateboarding, Visualtraveling, Patrik Wallner, Eric Lai, Laos, Thailand, Bangkok, Geng Jakkarin, Johnnie Tang, Xiao Xing, Keng Qu, Blackie and Vincent


          Opad outsells iPod        
Frantic buying at Ostores worldwide has seen the Opad outstrip iPod's first day sales record by more than 50, or perhaps even 500, to one.

Recently appointed Chief Finance Officer of Ostores Inc, Mr Barnaby Joyce, said that while sales figures from some more remote stores in Mongolia and The Andes are still to come in, he expects the first day sales of Opads to be close to 5 million but that figure could actually be 5 billion or even 5 trillion, he isn't entirely sure.

"I will know more accurately when I get my head around the numbers and numbers in general, " he said.

Whatever the final number, the sales mean that the Opad has been an outstanding success.

Meanwhile Chairman of Ostores Inc, Dr O. None has cautioned users from using their new Opads whilst driving. It is reported that many hundreds of users have been issued with fines by highway patrol police for excitedly talking, texting, emailing or astral travelling on their Opads while driving.

Dr None cautions that apart from the financial slug of a hefty fine, astral travelling while driving can be quite dangerous.

"If there is an unexpected break in resonance between the Opad and its partner, then the user's spirit may seek to return to a position which he/she has moved on from- ie outside the vehicle," he warned.

"Until users are experienced, it is better to explore the more high-tech applications in the lounge room, rather than the car," he said.
          South Koreans, Indonesians Reported Safe after Somali Pirate Pursuit        

The anti-piracy unit of the South Korean navy has been dispatched following the loss of communication with the Mongolian squid fishing vessel on Friday.

The post South Koreans, Indonesians Reported Safe after Somali Pirate Pursuit appeared first on Haps Magazine.


          Green Living News For April 15, 2007        

Think Green on Earth Day: Easy Ways to Help the Planet
This Earth Day, focus on green living. Learn simple ways that you can reduce waste and help save the planet.
Suite101: Science & Nature Articles - http://www.suite101.com/scienceandnature/

Electric Cars and New Battery Technologies with Renewables ...
By Sean Daily
Sean Daily, Green Living Ideas' Editor-In-Chief, talks about electric cars, car kits, and new battery technologies with Steve Heckeroth, electric vehicles expert and owner of Renewables. [Courtesy of our friends at GreenLivingIdeas.com] ...
Sustainablog - http://sustainablog.org/

How Green Can You Go by Maggie Reed on Creators.com - A Syndicate ...
So that's why we came up with a fun way to let people know how green they're currently living, and how easy it would be to make a change or two to help out our troubled planet," said Pettengill. GoGreenScore.org offers the following ...
Most recently updated columns... - http://www.creators.com/

Biking Has Its (Tax) Benefits. Or Does It? - City Room Blog ...
By By Sean Patrick Farrell
Could Mr. Blumenauer also be onto a hot new transportation/green living term? Might multi-modalism be the next hypermiling? Perhaps. Sahar Wali, Mr. Blumenauer's communications director, describes her boss, a man who often takes his ...
City Room - http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/

Are we loving the Galapágos to death? | csmonitor.com
According to CBS News, officials of the Galapagos National Park said in a statement that "the eruption is not a threat to people living on nearby Isabela Island, but lava flowing to the sea is likely to affect marine and terrestrial ... In the Bright Green Blog, Environment editor Judy Lowe and blogger Eoin O'Carroll help you sort through the news, ideas, opinions, trends, challenges, and – especially – solutions along the road to an environmentally sustainable future. ...
Environment - http://features.csmonitor.com/environment/

Copenhagen Climate Conference » Blog Archive » Climate Change ...
By Eberhard Rhein
We have resigned to living with global temperature that will be two centigrade above temperatures that have prevailed throughout human history. Humanity can do no more than limit the damage by mitigating an inevitable rise of temperatures ... The last projection of a rise between 1-6° by 2100 may need to be reviewed in the light of the faster rate of green house gas emissions since the beginning of the century (+ 3.5 percent p.a., compared with 1 percent during the 1990s! ...
Blogactiv Daily Newsletters - http://blogactiv.eu/

Nomad Green » Blog Archive » Nomad Green wishes to bring more ...
By Portnoy Zheng
Introduction to Nomad Green ... Mongolian traditional life style is another selling point to tourists, whether it is living in a yurt. horse riding across the grassland, or enjoying Mongolian wrestling and feasts. ...
Nomad Green - http://rising.globalvoicesonline.org/nomad-green/

Arianna Huffington: Here's a Switch: Some Good News About Banking
By Arianna Huffington
Yet another bright spot in the banking world: green banks. As the New York Times reported last week, it's a growing trend in the industry. New green banks are being founded, and some established banks are going green. ..... I'd like to see that "triple bottom line" applied to all businesses, and I think the planet (and a lot of us living in/on it) would, too. It's the positive wave of the future - a new kind of economics taking social and environmental values as seriously ...
The Huffington Post Full Blog Feed - http://www.huffingtonpost.com/theblog/


Tags: green living ideas, green living, green banks, sustainable living


          International community lauds China’s efforts towards greening of Kubuqi Desert        

The sixth Kubuqi International Desert Forum was held from July 29 to July 30 in the Kubuqi Desert in Ordos, Inner Mongolia. Participating guests from other countries visited Kubuqi and witnessed the successful practices of Kubuqi’s desertification control. The forum offered them better understanding of the Kubuqi Model. They believe that the Kubuqi Model will […]

The post International community lauds China’s efforts towards greening of Kubuqi Desert appeared first on The Green Times.


          Wildlife World Day- Perlindungan kesehatan hewan, kesehatan manusia dan keanekaragaman hayati        
Tahun ini Wildlife World Day memberikan kesempatan untuk mencatat pentingnya pemantauan, pencegahan dan pengendalian penyakit satwa liar untuk menjaga keanekaragaman hayati dan kesehatan masyarakat dan kesehatan hewan di seluruh dunia.

Dalam mandatnya, peningkatan kesehatan hewan dan kesejahteraan hewan di seluruh dunia, OIE telah terlibat aktif dalam pengawasan dan perlindungan satwa liar dan keanekaragaman hayati sejak tahun 1980-an.

Hewan di alam liar merupakan penjaga kesehatan dunia.  Bisa menjadi sasaran maupun reservoir penyakit yang mampu menginfeksi hewan domestik dan manusia:
Satwa liar dapat menularkan penyakit tetapi satwa liar sendiri bisa menjadi korban.  Untuk menyusun langkah-langkah pengendalian yang tepat perlu dilakukan peningkatan pengetahuan tentang (a) penyakit menular kepada satwa liar dan (b) cara di mana satwa liar dapat menularkan dan tertular ke dan dari hewan domestik dan manusia.

Namun, mendeteksi dan mengendalikan penyakit pada satwa liar akan berhadapan dengan banyak tantangan. Gejala dan tanda-tanda penyakit yang sering tidak sejelas seperti yang dialami oleh  hewan ternak.  Spesimen satwa liar lebih sulit untuk dikumpulkan dan dianalisis di laboratorium. Selain itu, karena banyak binatang liar yang bermigrasi dan tidak mengenal batas-batas yurisdiksi, pelacakan dan pengawasan dapat sangat rumit.

Hubungan antara hewan ternak dan hewan liar bisa menjadi begitu dekat.  Penyakit dapat dengan mudah menular di antara kedua jenis hewan tersebut. Dampak penyakit terhadap satwa liar juga dapat mempengaruhi lingkungan.

Seperti halnya dari wabah terakhir Peste des Petites Ruminansia (PPR), di Mongolia, ketika beberapa 900 Saiga antelop ditemukan mati di Khovd, provinsi di bagian barat Mongolia. Sampel yang diambil dari bangkai menunjukkan hewan positif untuk PPR, telah menimbulkan kematian hingga 90 persen dari hewan yang terinfeksi.  Satwa liar telah dianggap berpotensi rentan terhadap PPR tetapi tidak pernah mengalami seperti wabah besar untuk penyakit ini. Beberapa infeksi PPR telah didokumentasikan pada hewan liar seperti kambing tetapi tidak pada spesies kijang ini.  Investigasi yang sedang berlangsung pada situasi tersebut menjelaskan penyebab kasus ini diduga berasal dari hewan domestik yang digembalakan di area penggembalaan umum.  Di sisi lain, situasi ini juga menyoroti bahwa PPR dapat ditemukan di satwa liar dan satwa liar ini  ini berpotensi menimbulkan risiko sebagai sumber infeksi bagi ternak. Para ilmuwan juga telah membuat hipotesis bahwa menipisnya sumber daya rumput untuk satwa liar melalui tekanan dari ternak di lingkungan yang lemah bisa berkontribusi kerentanan antelop Saiga terserang PPR.  Informasi lebih lanjut di sini: Alarm sebagai wabah mematikan membunuh kijang langka Mongolia.

Bovine Tuberculosis (TB) merupakan contoh yang baik dari hubungan kuat antara kesehatan satwa liar, hewan domestik dan manusia.  Infeksi TB pada satwa liar menjadi perhatian besar di negara-negara seperti Inggris, Selandia Baru dan Perancis. Bukti bahwa hewan liar seperti babi hutan, rusa merah, possum sikat-ekor atau musang terinfeksi dari sapi diaktifkan serangkaian penelitian untuk menentukan apakah hewan seperti itu hanya korban infeksi tumpahan dari hewan domestik atau bisa memainkan peran dalam pemeliharaan infeksi dan bisa kembali menginfeksi ternak.  Di Afrika pada bulan November 2016, TB didokumentasikan pada lebih dari 16 jenis satwa yang berbeda, meningkatkan potensi berdampak penting pada keanekaragaman hayati. Di Asia Selatan dan Tenggara, infeksi Bovine Tuberculosisditularkan dari manusia ke gajah pekerja Asia. Dengan demikian, dalam sistem satwa liar multi-spesies, atau dalam situasi satwa liar- dekat manusia, infeksi TBC berpotensi berdampak pada keanekaragaman hayati.

Dalam menanggapi kebutuhan meningkatkan pengetahuan penyakit pada satwa liar serta pada hewan domestik, OIE memperkenalkan informasi untuk mengidentifikasi spesies satwa liar dari pada epidemiologi yang signifikan pada masing-masing penyakit yang tercantum dalam standar internasional.  Selain itu, daftar penyakit yang penting bagi satwa liar telah diidentifikasi, dan Delegasi Negara Anggota OIE diminta untuk secara sukarela melaporkan kejadinya pada setiap akhir tahun.

Untuk mengaktifkan upaya ini, jaringan informasi OIE, terdiri dari focal point satwa liar di 180 Negara Anggota serta Pusat Referensi OIE, didukung oleh Kelompok Kerja internasional OIE satwa liar yang terdiri dari para ilmuwan dengan keahlian di bidang ini.  Kelompok Ilmuwan mengulas penyakit hewan liar yang terjadi pada dunia hewan liar, hewan ternak, hewan gembalaan, dan hewan buruan, yang dapat mempunyai dampak besar pada populasi ini dan juga pada hewan ternak, termasuk unggas dan juga kesehatan masyarakat.


Sumber: OIE / F.Diaz

          Hari-Hari Akhir Najib Rosmah        


Apabila Datuk Seri Najib Razak bersetuju diwawancara Hamdan Ahmir dalam Soal Jawab TV3 Edisi Khas untuk menjawab kritikan terhadapnya termasuk daripada Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, perdana menteri sendiri sudah tahu, hari-hari akhirnya sudah semakin hampir.

Ketika Najib sebagai seorang perdana menteri terpaksa pergi sendiri untuk menjawab persoalan-persoalan ditimbulkan terhadap pentadbirannya di media arus perdana milik partinya, ini bermakna, sudah tiada lagi hulubalang-hulubalang dalam Umno yang sanggup atau mampu mempertahankannya.

Di manakah timbalannya? Di manakah naib presiden? Di manakah ketua Wanita? Di manakah ketua Pemuda? Apakah semuanya sudah meninggalkan Najib? Ditambah pula sesi rakaman tersebut digandingkan dengan soalan-soalan “membodek” dan bukannya bersifat kritikal gaya media perdana Malaysia seperti dikatakan Asia Sentinel, jawapan-jawapan Najib menimbulkan lebih banyak persoalan.

Bayangkanlah pada masa kritikal Najib berdepan dengan serangan dari dalam dan luar Umno, soalan begini ditanya kepadanya: “Saya nak tanya Datuk Seri, bagaimana Datuk Seri membahagikan masa dari segi weightage, wajaran antara hal-hal keluarga, dengan hal-hal negara. Bagaimana Datuk Seri mengimbangi perkara ini?”

Ini menyebabkan ada pihak menganggap sesi soal jawab bersama TV3 itu merupakan “sabotaj” yang cuba dilakukan pihak-pihak tertentu terhadap Najib untuk mempercepatkan anak kepada perdana menteri kedua Tun Abdul Razak Hussein itu meninggalkan Putrajaya. Selain itu Najib juga tidak menggunakan sesi rakaman itu untuk menjawab persoalan mudah ditimbulkan Dr Mahathir seperti mengapa 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) yang mempunyai aset RM52 bilion meminjam RM42 bilion?

Mengapa wang berbilion ringgit 1MDB yang dibawa balik dari Pulau Cayman disimpan di bank di Singapura? Siapa beri arahan kepada Koperal Sirul Azhar Umar dan Ketua Inspektor Azilah Hadri untuk membunuh warga Mongolia Altantuya Shariibuu? Dan yang paling penting sekali apa motif pembunuhan Altantuya?

Sembilan tahun lalu pada 2006, bekas perdana menteri Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi juga pernah melakukan perkara sama menggunakan TV3 dan disiarkan ke seluruh negara untuk menjawab kritikan Dr Mahathir. Tidak beberapa lama selepas wawancara Abdullah bersama TV3, Barisan Nasional (BN) buat pertama kalinya hilang majoriti tradisi dua pertiga di Dewan Rakyat dalam Pilihan Raya Umum (PRU) 2008.

Setahun selepas itu, Abdullah yang mesra dengan panggilan Pak Lah akhirnya meninggalkan Putrajaya bagi memberikan laluan kepada Najib untuk menjadi perdana menteri. Dr Mahathir tak akan berhenti selagi Najib tak berundur.

Berita tentang kematian Tan Sri Jamaluddin Jarjis dan Ketua Setiausaha Sulit Perdana Menteri Datuk Azlin Alias menenggelamkan berita kehadiran Dr Mahathir ke majlis pengebumian bapa kepada Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim. Walaupun Dr Mahathir dikatakan berkawan baik dengan bapa Anwar Datuk Ibrahim Abd Rahman, kehadirannya ke majlis pengebumian tersebut memberikan makna besar dan isyaratnya sudah tersebar.

Dalam politik, tidak ada yang tidak sengaja. Semuanya mempunyai perkiraan dan penyusunan. Selain Dr Mahathir, isterinya Tun Dr Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali turut hadir untuk menyatakan takziah kepada Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail dan keluarga. Dr Mahathir memberikan isyarat beliau sanggup bekerjasama dengan sesiapa sahaja termasuk Anwar untuk menjatuhkan Najib. Persoalan yang ditanya ramai pihak ialah apakah mekanisme untuk menjatuhkan Najib?

Dalam Umno, Najib disokong kuat majoriti ketua bahagian di seluruh negara sehingga tidak memungkinkan beliau dicabar dalam pemilihan Umno akan datang. Tambahan pula, pemilihan Umno boleh ditangguhkan seperti dilakukan sebelum ini dengan alasan untuk menghadapi PRU ke-14.
Menteri-menteri Kabinet majoritinya sudah menyatakan ikrar taat setia kepada Najib. Begitu juga dengan parti komponen BN, kesemuanya sudah menyatakan mereka bersama Najib.

Usul undi tidak percaya terhadap Najib di Parlimen? Ramai meragui kaedah ini kerana untuk usul tersebut diluluskan Yang Dipertua Dewan Rakyat sudah dilihat sukar. Sekalipun Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Mulia membenarkan usul undi tidak percaya terhadap Najib dilakukan, apakah Dr Mahathir mempunyai cukup angka untuk menewaskannya? 

Melainkan Dr Mahathir berfikir di luar kotak menggunakan kaedah-kaedah lain seperti pilihan jalan raya untuk menjatuhkan Najib. Akan tetapi pada usia hampir 90 tahun, masih mampukah Dr Mahathir untuk melakukan perkara radikal sebegini? 

Sanggupkah Dr Mahathir muncul dalam demonstrasi untuk menuntut Najib letak jawatan? –TMI





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          wool cashmere        
Pure Cashmere Yarn high quality for Knitting - Made in Italy

Craft Workshop : Pure Cashmere Yarn products from the best Italian Carded

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Cashmere hand yarns
          å†…蒙古海立电子材料有限公司        
企业名称: 
内蒙古海立电子材料有限公司
Company: 
inner mongolia Hoi an electronic material co. , ltd.
地址: 
乌兰察布市经济技术开发区集宁工业园区
Address: 
Industrial park of Jining of economic and technological development zone of Wulanchabu City
邮编 (Postcode): 
12000

展期 (Phase):

电话 (Tel): 
86-474-8364251
传真 (Fax): 
4748364252
邮箱 (Email): 
imlightcorp@yahoo.cn

          10 Kekaisaran Terbesar di Dunia        
Suatu kerajaan memperbesar pengaruhnya dengan memperluas wilayahnya. Keadidayaan suatu kerajaan dilihat dari luas wilayah, banyaknya penduduk, ekonomi, berapa lama suatu kerajaan itu berdiri dan juga banyak faktor lain yang mempengaruhi seperti pemerintahannya dan undang-undangya, ataupun juga kebahagiaan penduduknya. Berikut adalah 10 kerajaan terbesar yang pernah ada dalam sejarah:

10. Kerajaan Akkadia (2300 SM–2200 SM)


Kerajaan Akkadia berpusat di kota Akkad (Irak Kuno). Bangsa Akkadia nenek moyang bangsa-bangsa Babilonia dan Assyria. Kerajaan ini berada pada puncak kejayaannya pada abad ke 24 dan 22 sebelum Masehi. Ini dianggap sebagai kerajaan pertama yang ada di bumi. Luas wilayahnya mencapai 0. 8 juta Km persegi.

9. Kerajaan Persia (550 SM–330 SM)


Kerajaan Persia, Iran Kuno, adalah perkembangan dari kerajaan Median, mengatur sebagian besar wilayah arab dan sekitarnya. Median dan Persia juga dikenal sebagai kerajaan Medo-Persia adalah gabungan dari kerajaan-kerajaan sebelum masanya. Dibangun oleh Sirus Yang Agung dan menguasai beberapa benua yaitu Asia, Eropa dan Afrika.

Pada masa puncaknya, kerajaan ini meliputi wilayah Iran, Afganistan, Pakistan, beberapa bagian Asia tengah, Asia Kecil, Thrace (Eropa Tenggara-Balkan), dan Makedonia, sebagian besar wilayah sekitar Laut Hitam, Irak, Arab Utara, Yordania, Palestina, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Mesir Kuno sampai ke Libya. Dalam sejarah bangsa Barat, kerajaan ini tercatat sebagai musuh dari kerajaan Yunani dalam Perang Greco-Persia, sebagai antisipasi dari budak termasuk di antaranya bangsa yahudi sebagai tahanan bangsa Babilonia dan kemauan untuk penggunaan bahasa yang sama dalam wilayah ini.

Kerajaan Persia ini kemudian diserang oleh Aleksander III dari Makedonia dan sesudah itu kerajaan inipun(Makedonia) runtuh dan tercerai-berai pada 330 SM menjadi Kerajaan Ptolemaic (Mesir) and Kerajaan Seleucid. Kerajaan ini adalah kerajaan terbesr dalam sejarah. Pada masa puncak kejayaannya, wilayahnya melampaui 8. 000. 000 km persegi.

8. Kekaisaran Romawi (27 SM– 476/1453 M)


Tipe pemerintahan kerajaan ini adalah aristokastik dan wilayahnya meliputi Eropa dan Sekitar Mediterania. Kerajaan ini lemah setelah diterpa perang sipil. Beberapa peristiwa perubahan sistem pemerintahan dari Republik ke Kerajaan ditandai dari terpilihnya Julius caesar sebagai diktator yang berkuasa pada 44 SM, dan Perang Actium (2 September 31 SM). Perluasan wilayah Romawi bermula ketika sistem pemerintahanya berbentuk republik, dan mencapai puncak kejayaannya sewaktu berbentuk kekaisaran, tepatnya Kaisar Trajan. Luas wilayahnya pada waktu itu adalah 6. 500. 000 km persegi. Karena kerajaan ini berlangsung sangat lama, pengaruhnya dalam bahasa, agama, arsitektur, filosofi, hukum dan sistem pemerintahanya tetap ada sampai sekarang.

7. Kekalifahan Ummayah (661 M – 750 M)


Sistem Kekalifahan adalah suatu bentuk pemerintahan Islam sebagai bentuk kesatuan politik dan kepemimpinan Muslim di seluruh dunia. Kalifah adalah pemimpin muslim setelah Nabi Muhammad. Kekalifahan Ummayah adalah kalifah kedua dari 4 kalifah dan diatur oleh dinasti Ummayah. Nama ini diambil dari Umayya ibn Abd Shams, moyang dari Kalifah Ummayah yang pertama. Meskipun keluarga Ummayah berasal dari Mekah, mereka memilih Damaskus sebagai ibukotanya. Kekalifahan Ummayah ini adalah bangsa Arab-Islam terbesar dalam sejarah. Luas wilayahnya mencapai 5. 000. 000 km2.

6. Dinasti Qing (1890–1912)

Dinasti Qing adalah dinasti terakhir di China. Bermula dari Dinasti Ming dan berlanjut dalam bentuk Republik Rakyat China. Dinasti ini dibentuk oleh klan Manchuria Aisin Gioro (sekarang timur laut china). Berawal dari tahun 1644 dan memperluas wilayahnya di sekitar china membentuk Kekaisaran Qing yang Agung. Dinasti ini menyatukan china pada 1683. Dinasti Qing kemudian jatuh setelah Revolusi Xinhai, ketika Empress Dowager Longyu melepaskan tahtanya sebagai kaisar, Puyi pada 12 februari 1912. Wilayahnya mencapai 14. 700. 000 km2.

5. Kekaisaran Rusia (1721–1917)

Kekaisaran ini berawal dari 1721 dan berakhir pada Revolusi Rusia 1917. Kekaisaran ini adalah kelanjutan dari Tsar Rusia dan menjadi Uni Soviet. Pada 1866, kekaisaran ini memperluas wilayahnya dari Eropa timur ke Asia dan Afrika Utara. Pada awal abad 19, Rusia adalah negara terbesar di dunia. Wilayahnya mencakup Benua Artika di utara sampai Laut Hitam di selatan, Laut Baltik di barat sampai ke Samudra Pasifik di sebelah timur.

4. Kekaisaran Mongolia (1206–1368)

Kekaisaran Mongolia berawal dari abad 13 sampai abad 14. Wilayahnya membentang dari Eropa timur ke Asia. Kekaisaran ini adalah gabungan dari bangsa Mongol dan Turki setelah Genghis Khan diproklamirkan sebagai pemimpinnya pada 1206. Pada masa puncak kejayaanya, wilayahnya membentang dari Sungai Danube di Eropa sampai ke laut jepang. dan dari Benua Artika sampai ke Kamboja. Luas wilayahnya mencapai 24. 000. 000 km2. Pada 1294, kekaisaran mongol pecah menjadi 4 bagian.

3. Kerajaan Mogul (1526–1858)


Kerajaan Mogul adalah kerajaan Islam yang mengatur sebagian besar wilayah India dan berawal pada 1526. Kerajaan ini mengatur sebagian besar Asia Selatan pada akhir abad 17 dan awal abad 18 dan berakhir pada pertengahan abad 19. Kerajaan Mogul adalah keturunan dari Timurid dari Turkistan pada tahun 1700 an, kerajaan ini mencakup seluruh daratan India. Wilayahnya pada waktu itu 4. 000. 000 km2. Kerajaan ini bermula dari kepemimpinan Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar atau Akbar yang Agung dan berakhir pada 1707 setelah kematian Kaisar Aurangzeb meskipun masih berlangsung sampai 150 tahun kemudian.

2. Kerajaan Inggris

Kerajaan inggris terdiri dari domini, koloni, protektorat dan mandat dan semua wilayah yang diatur oleh kerajaan Inggris. Sampai tahun 1922 Kerajaan Inggris memiliki 450 juta jiwa dan itu merupakan 1/4 penduduk dunia waktu itu. Wilayahnya seluas 33. 700. 000 km2. dan mempunyai kekuatan militer paling besar dalam sejarah.

1. Kekaisaran Ottoman (Turki 1299–1923)

Adalah kerajaan Islam yang berlangsung dari 1 November 1299 sampai 24 Juli 1924. Pada masa kejayaannya, kekaisaran ini meliputi 3 benua, mengatur sebagian besar Asia Barat, Timur dan Tenggara Eropa, daerah pegunungan Kaukasus dan Afrika Utara. Kekaisaran ini berlangsung paling lama yaitu selama 7 abad. Mereka juga toleran terhadap umat Kristen dan Yahudi.



          How to Save Snow Leopards        
The snow leopard (Panthera uncia) is one of the rarest and most elusive big cat species with a population of 4,500 to 7,500 spread across a range of 1.2 to 1.6 million kilometers in some of the world's harshest and most desolate landscapes. Found in arid environments and at elevations sometimes reaching 18,000 feet (5,500 meters), the species faces great threats despite its extreme habitat. These threats vary across its range, but in all countries where it is found — Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and possibly Myanmar — the species is at risk. In some countries snow leopard are directly hunted for their pelt, in others they are imperiled by depletion of prey, loss of habitat, and killing as a predator of livestock. These threats, combined with the cat's large habitat requirements, means conservation through the establishment of protected areas alone may not be enough save it from extinction in the wild in many of the countries in which it lives. Working to stave off this fate in half a dozen of its range countries is the Snow Leopard Conservancy. Founded by Dr. Rodney Jackson, a biologist who has been studying snow leopard in the wild for 30 years, the Conservancy seeks to conserve the species by "promoting innovative grassroots measures that lead local people to become better stewards of endangered snow leopards, their prey, and habitat."
          Altaikai        
Altaikai - XXI Century (2006, Altai Republic, Russia)
Mongolian throat singing

          Ordinary to Extraordinary!!!        
This week was an interesting week. We did have some extraordinary moments this week, but it was mixed in with the ordinary. I got a little down about the Michigan weather this week. A wind shield wiper blade on the Civic broke on Wednesday while the snow was coming down after I had to walk through all the slushy snow. It's also kinda depressing that the sun rarely comes out, but when it does... I can't get enough of it.



Maglee is a little chilly and is going crazy with the lack of time she is getting to spend outside. I think she looks cozy in the scarf. (She is not demon-possessed. It was the flash from the camera!)


Tuesday night we met my Aunt Cheryl in Kalmazoo. She treated us to BD's Mongolian Grill. It was neat that we got to spend some time with her. She lives in Washington state and was in town on business. Thanks for the fun night and the yummy food, Aunt Cheryl!!!


You got it... Thursday is date night. Matt treated me to homemade pizza. Don't get jealous as you look at all the delicious pictures!!!




Yes, it tasted as good as it looked. Yes, I ate all four pieces and enjoyed every bite!


I apologize this is the only picture I got of our wonderful dinner at the Bennett's for cell group on Friday night. We had corn cakes, rice, black beans, homemade salsa, guacamole, cheese (that's what we contributed) and tomatoes. This was followed with some fantastic juice and homemade oatmeal, coconut, raisin cookies. 
Our cell group meets every Friday night. We have dinner and then a Bible study. We just finished the book of Nehemiah. What a blessing!! Who knew all that good stuff was packed in those 13 chapters?


This morning we went to church. I never get pictures while we're dressed up. So I thought today would be the day, and we had a few extra minutes that doesn't ever happen. Probably the highlight this morning was the little girl behind us belting out "To God be the Glory". Awesome!! Nothing like children praising the Lord!

Today we wanted to truly rest and spend some time with our family. We read this afternoon. Matt actually started and finished a book. We also took a little snooze.

Then we headed out on a walk and decided to build an igloo. 

It was starting to get dark. So we stopped at three layers. 

The pup had a blast because she got to spend an hour and a half outside.

This is how we left it. But plan to return tomorrow with some extra hands. You can't build an igloo in the south!

Highs and lows this turned out to be a pretty good week. I even got some good running in too. Tuesday 3miles, Wednesday 2.68 miles, and Friday a 30 minute bike ride on the trainer and a 2 mile run. Tomorrow I'm doing 6 miles. Kind of exciting!!! 
The Lord has blessed us so much. I need to take the time to enjoy the small things in life that may seem ordinary but are really super extraordinary!!!!

1 Thessalonians 1:11 The Message
Because we know that this extraordinary day is just ahead, we pray for you all the time -- pray that our God will make you fit for what he's called you to be, pray that he'll fill your good ideas and acts of faith with his own energy so that it all amounts to something. 


          A UN convention on ageing would protect older people's rights in Mongolia        
This week I am in New York attending the seventh UN Open-ended Working Group on Ageing (OEWG) taking place from 12-15 December. The OEWG is the only UN process that is focused on the rights of older people. I am representing my organisation from Mongolia, the Centre for Human Rights and Developmen...

          12 Must-Know Facts about Asia        
Asia is the world's largest continent in world covering 60 percent of Earth's total land area.

1.Asia is the most populous continent in the world with world's populous countries,China and India.It is the land of diversity.


2.Asia can be divided into 6 subcontinents :



  1. Central Asia – Kazakhstan Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
  2. East Asia – China, Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan, North and South Korea.
  3. North Asia – Russia.
  4. India Subcontinent – India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.
  5. Southeast Asia – Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma], Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
  6. Southwest Asia – The Middle East including Turkey, Iran, Cyprus, Israel, and Lebanon.

3.Top Ten Tallest Mountains in Asia :

Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth and it is located in Asia.

Mount Everest with group of people
Mount Everest



  1. Everest -Nepal,Tibet
  2. K2 - Pakistan,China
  3. Kangchenjunga - Nepal,Sikkim, India
  4. Lhotse - Nepal,Tibet, China
  5. Makalu - Nepal,Tibet, China
  6. Cho Oyu - Nepal,Tibet, China
  7. Dhaulagiri - Nepal
  8. Manaslu- Nepal
  9. Nanga Parbat-Pakistan
  10. Annapurna- Nepal
4.Top Ten longest rivers in Asia :

  1. Yangtze 
  2. Yellow River 
  3. Lena River 
  4. Mekong River 
  5. Irtysh River 
  6. Yenisei River 
  7. Ob River 
  8. Nizhnyaya Tunguska River 
  9. Indus River
  10. Brahmaputra River
5.Asia is located to the east of the Suez Canal, the Ural river, and the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains (or the Kuma-Manych Depression) and the Caspian and Black Seas.It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.

6.Asia’s most dominant financial centers are Tokyo, Hong Kong and Singapore.

7.Asia is only continent joined by two other continents,Africa and Europe.


9.China is the world's biggest nation and it is located in Asia.

10.Asia is the only continent where tigers are found in the wild.

11.Caspian Sea is the Largest Salt Lake in Asia.

12.The Dead Sea or The Salt Sea is the lowest place on earth is situated in Asia.


          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauList of Currencies of the World and their Currency Symbols

There are 179 currencies in the world.
List of Currencies of the World
Currencies of the World

Currency Symbols

CurrencySymbol
Afghan afghani؋
Albanian lekL
Alderney pound£
Algerian dinarد.ج
Angolan kwanzaKz
Argentine peso$
Armenian dramդր.
Aruban florinƒ
Ascension pound£
Australian dollar$
Bahamian dollar$
Bahraini dinar.د.ب
Bangladeshi taka৳
Barbadian dollar$
Belarusian rubleBr
Belize dollar$
Bermudian dollar$
Bhutanese ngultrumNu.
Bolivian bolivianoBs.
Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible markKM or КМ
Botswana pulaP
Brazilian realR$
British pound£
British Virgin Islands dollar