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          OECD Tax man ready to change blacklisting rules on Panama        

FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

OECD says Panama pledge a positive step

The country faces a review on its financial services sector by the Global Forum.


Following the announcement of President Juan Carlos Varela on the commitment of Panama to exchange financial information, the director of the Center for Fiscal Policy and Administration of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Pascal Saint-Amans acknowledged that the pledge is a step forward for Panama but said the country still has a long way to go.
Saint-Amans spoke with La Prensa during the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, which concluded yesterday in Lima, Peru. The following are questions and answers from the interview.
What do you think of Varela's pledge?
It is a good step forward. In October of last year, 94 countries committed themselves to the automatic exchange of information. They pledged to implement the standard. Panama was one of the few jurisdictions that did not make the pledge, along with Bahrain, the Marshall Islands, Vanuatu and Nauru, with Panama being the only significant financial center.
Panama said it would exchange information, but that it would not accede to a multilateral convention. what is your opinion of that?
From a legal point of view, once a commitment is made, it has to be implemented. To share information, it can be done through a multilateral convention, or it can be done bilaterally. In that case, one should move fast if you want to grant the exchange of information to all interested countries that meet the standard of confidentiality.
Do you think that Panama will pass to the second phase of the review of its jurisdiction?
The peer review, which includes 30 countries, has made that recommendation to the Global Forum, which has until the end of October to decide. I think it was premature of Panama to announce that, as it broke the rules of confidentiality. It is more than likely, but who knows. There are members of the Global Forum who are not in the peer review group. We have to wait for the Global Forum, which is the sole decision-making body in this matter. In substance, it is true that the members of the review group have recognized some progress that was made in Panama.

Varela said that debate on the exchange of information should be conducted in the UN. Do you agree?
It is an opinion I respect completely. But in this case, there are 127 jurisdictions, including Panama, that are members of the Global Forum. What matters is that all countries are equal. No longer is the OECD a group of countries dictating what rules other countries have to make.
In Panama there is a concern because the steps demanded by the OECD could hurt the competitiveness of the financial services industry. Do you agree?
It is not true. Because all countries have moved. What happens is actually the opposite. Panama won a competitive advantage by not conforming. That is why other countries think that the situation is very unfair because Panama is receiving money that they have lost. The perception in Panama is really different from the perception outside.
Do you think that those flows of money look to hide the funds from tax authorities?
The reviewer group will decide that. But that's basically what we heard from the banking industry.
In the country there is a sense that a double standard is used. That the United States is not required to provide information with the same level of transparency that it demands from Panama. Is that a fair statement?
The rules are the same the United States is expected to act with reciprocity with any other country. Look at the review of the United States. It has a mark in regards to beneficiaries and they have to change. Currently they are providing required information, but not enough


- See more at: https://ssl.prensa.com/suscdigital

See also 
More Pascal Saint-Amans statements in Panama: Profits for two men and a dog http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2015/07/panama-profits-for-two-men-and-dog.html
The Economic Case for Tax Havens http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2014/10/the-economic-case-for-tax-havens.html




          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





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          Trust Territory Photo Archives        

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http://libweb.hawaii.edu/digicoll/ttp/ttpi.html and http://digicoll.manoa.hawaii.edu/ttphotos/

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University of Hawaii

Date of Review

November 2003

Website Review Text

Trust Territory Photo Archives contains 6,000 images selected from an archive of 52,000 photographs and slides documenting the American period in Micronesia between 1947 and 1988. It provides details on the Trust Territory Photograph Collection and links to information on the Trust Territories today, mostly in the form of government websites.

The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands comprises three major Micronesian archipelagoes in the Pacific Ocean. These groups of islands, the Marshalls, Carolines, and Marianas, came under the control of the United States as a United Nations (UN) strategic trusteeship following World War II. This was one of 11 trusteeships established across the world by the UN at this time covering areas once controlled by defeated powers. The Trust Territory is unusual within an international context because the transitional arrangement remained in effect until 1990. The territories remain strongly tied to the United States, with the islands of the Northern Marianas designated U.S. commonwealth territory, and the other three localities (the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic Of Palau) in compacts of "free association" with the United States, which controls their defense.

The images in the collection are an extensive record of American views of Micronesian peoples, society, and culture and of the interaction between the United States and the Trust Territories. The photographs were mostly taken by those either employed by the government or closely associated with it. While the photographs are extremely diverse, a sense of the focus of the collection can be gained by the "Photo Gallery Displays." This presents nine broadly defined topics from the collection as a useful introduction to the material. They include themes such as "Parades," "Dancing," "Health/Hospitals," and "Architecture." The disadvantage of this function is the lack of any caption to identify or contextualize the photographs, rendering the collection of "Leaders," for example, largely meaningless for anyone not familiar with the politics of the region. The same photographs can be accessed through the search function, however.

The archive contains a large number of photographs of children. Searches of "boy" (94), "girl"(144), "child" (43), "children" (172), "infant" (2), "family" (26), "play" (7), and "school" (529). These results are indicative of good captioning and a well designed database. The images appear as thumbnails linked to a larger version with metadata, and even a means of adding user comments that must be accompanied by a name and/or e-mail address. The search results yielded photographs of children going about their normal lives with their families, in groups in the landscape, creating crafts, and participating in community or national activities.

Although the photographs are captioned and dated, these captions do not provide very much context. By comparing dates, settings, and the type of activity, these photographs of children document a transformation of individual and communal life under the influence of Americans. Images of a child at a well, shelling copra, your girls weaving, or a family preparing breadfruit seem to show a life that was closer to the period before contact. Other images show hospital and school buildings, girl scout troops, a home-made processions for visiting dignitaries and a general regimentation of communal life around nascent nationhood.

One striking difference among the photographs, which are identified with various islands, is the transition from traditional customs of dress for boys and girls to the wearing of European-style dresses and pants for boys. The archive includes many scenes of traditional line dancing in grass or wrapped fabric skirts, flowers and jewelry, in which young girls did not wear bodices. Other images show the girls performing similar dances wearing ruffled dresses with bodices, made from imported cotton fabrics. Girl Scout uniforms, nurses' attire, and formal European dress mark other images, especially of official scenes. The images show that children's dance and song performances were incorporated into national cultural displays, to which flag processions and other symbols were added.

Scholarly interest in the issue of imperialism with reference to the United States has paid less attention to the question of Micronesia than to other locations, such as the Philippines. The advantage of this site is that it provides extensive primary sources related to this issue. For students of world history it provides a visual record of cultural contact in a situation of quasi-colonialism that continued well into the 20th century.

In this regard, Robert Aldrich and John Connell's The Last Colonies 1 is a particularly useful companion to the site for teachers of world history interested in using it in this way. Aldrich and Connell situate Micronesia within a global discussion of territories formally dependent upon metropolitan powers. Given the relative unfamiliarity of many students with this topic and region, teachers may find the following resources useful: Gary Smith, Micronesia: Decolonisation and U.S. Military Interests in the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands takes a geopolitical perspective and argues that U.S. control over the islands of Micronesia "was the strategic equivalent to the Soviet Union's control over Eastern Europe." 2 For Smith, local demands for self-determination were sacrificed to U.S. strategic and defense interests. Francis X. Hezel's The New Shape of Old Island Cultures: A Half Century of Social Change in Micronesia 3 explores social history more broadly, is focused on the same period as the site, and makes extensive use of the Photographic Archive.

1 Robert Aldrich and John Connell, The Last Colonies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

2 Gary Smith, Micronesia: Decolonisation and U.S. Military Interests in the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Canberra: Peace Research Centre, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1991), 3.

3 Francis X. Hezel, The New Shape of Old Island Cultures: A Half Century of Social Change in Micronesia (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001).

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Kirsten McKenzie

Website Reviewer Institution

University of Sydney

Pullquote

Trust Territory Photo Archives contains 6,000 images documenting the American period in Micronesia between 1947 and 1988. A large number include children.

          HUMAN RIGHTS IN 2010: THE CIRI REPORT        
In conjunction with Human Rights Day, 2011, the CIRI Human Rights Data Project releases its ratings of government respect for 16 internationally-recognized human rights in almost every country in the world for the year 2010. The CIRI project's data stretch back, annually, to 1981 and can be freely accessed at www.humanrightsdata.org

The CIRI data are used by governments, scholars, international organizations, businesses, think tanks, and students the world over for a wide variety of purposes. The project is Co-Directed by Dr. David L. Cingranelli (Binghamton University) and Dr. David L. Richards (University of Connecticut) and assisted by Senior CIRI Associate K. Chad Clay (University of Georgia). Any inquiries may be addressed to info@humanrightsdata.org

Below, we present four types of stories from this year's released data:


THE BEST AND WORST of 2010

All 14 of CIRI's indicators of particular human rights can be summed into an overall human rights score for each country in the world. The top (best) score a country can receive is 30, while the worst score would be 0. The world average was 18 and the USA scored 26 (tied for 5th place). Below are the best and worst of 2010.

Top 13 Countries:

Denmark [30]
Iceland [30]
Austria [29]
New Zealand [29]
Norway [29]
Australia [28]
Belgium [28]
Finland [28]
Liechtenstein [28]
Luxembourg [28]
Netherlands [28]
San Marino [28]
Sweden [28]


Bottom 10 Countries:

Burma [2]
Eritrea [2]
Iran [2]
China [3]

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of [3]
Yemen [3]
Zimbabwe [3]
Saudi Arabia [4]
Congo, Democratic Republic of [5]
Nigeria [5]


THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

On May 20, 2011, the United Nations elected 15 new members of the UN Human Rights Council. Here are their total CIRI human rights scores for 2010, out of a possible 30 points. Six out of the fifteen new members had scores below the world average of 18 for the year 2010. Below are the scores for each new member:

Austria         [29]
Benin          [16]
Botswana     [22]
Burkina Faso    [20]
Republic of Congo  [18]  
Chile             [26]
Costa Rica     [26]
Czech Republic   [24]
India               [10]
Indonesia        [13]
Italy               [24]
Kuwait          [11]
Peru              [18]
Philippines     [15]
Romania        [17]


DECLINE IN RESPECT FOR PHYSICAL INTEGRITY RIGHTS

The CIRI Index of Physical Integrity Rights measure's a government's overall level of respect for four rights: torture, extrajudicial killing, political imprisonment, disappearance. The index ranges from 0 (no respect for any of these four rights) to 8 (full respect for all four of these rights). In 2008-2009, the world saw an overall average increase in these rights of .047. However, a reversal of this improvement was seen from 2009-2010, with it's overall average decline in respect of -.031. In particular 2009-2010 saw the following dramatic changes:

Three Countries Lost 3 Points (Violations Increased)

Croatia
Georgia
Panama

Seven Countries Gained 2 Points (Violations Decreased)

Angola
Chad
Chile
Guinea
Italy
Kenya
Seychelles

The fact that the CIRI data stretch back in time to 1981 allows for longitudinal comparison. For example, the graph below shows how regional averages of respect for physical integrity rights have changed over the years:



MORE TORTURE

An important part of this overall decline in respect for physical integrity rights comes from a continuing degradation, globally, of respect for the right not to be tortured. For example, 2009-2010 saw 17 countries engage in more torture, while only 8 engaged in less torture. Below is the list of these countries. CIRI's indicator of government respect for torture is as follows: (0) Frequent/systematic torture, (1) Moderate/occasional torture (2) No reported/confirmed episodes of
torture.

Increased Torture, 2009-2010

Austria
Bahrain
Canada
Congo, Republic of
Croatia
Georgia
Hungary
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Kyrgyz Republic
Marshall Islands
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Slovenia
Thailand

Decreased Torture, 2009-2010

Chile
Czech Republic       
Denmark       
Dominica       
Italy       
Micronesia, Federated States of       
Seychelles       
Spain

This trend in the greater use of torture is not a post-9/11 phenomenon, however. The chart below shows the increased use of torture beginning in the early 1980s. The extent of the drop in respect for this right differed by region and is seen to be particularly acute in Africa.


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          Northeastern Quartersphere - Wikipedia        

Northeastern Quartersphere

This is the Wikipedia article for "Northeastern Quartersphere" as it appeared on January 26, 2012, shortly prior to its expected deletion as original research.

The terms Northeastern Quarter or Northeastern Quadrant or simply Northeast are sometimes applied to the portion of the Northern Hemisphere in the Eastern Hemisphere or vice versa. If it's lateral boundaries are based on the Prime Meridian, this region includes most of Asia and Europe, a large portion of Africa and some islands in Oceania. The Northeast covers about two fifths of the Earth's land surface area and hosts 75-80% of the world's population. It is the only quarter bounded by the Prime Meridian and Equator that is mostly land. The Northeast hosts about two fifths of the world's economic activity.
Eastern portion of Earth's Northern Hemisphere

Countries

* Europe
o If the Prime Meridian is used as the Western boundary, all except Portugal, most of the United Kingdom, much of Spain and France. If the 20th meridian west, then all of Europe.

* Africa
o If the Prime Meridian is the lateral boundary, then all of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, most of Somalia, most of Kenya, most of Uganda, Southern Sudan, part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, parts of Gabon, parts of Equatorial Guinea, parts of Rio Muni, parts of Sao Tome and Principe, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Chad, most of Niger, part of Mali, most of Algeria, Libya and Tunisia are in this region. If the 20th meridian west is used, then all of Africa North of the Equator.

* Asia
o all except some portions of Indonesia.

* Oceania
o If Prime Meridian is used as the lateral boundary, then Palau, Guam, the Marianas Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, part of Kiribati and Wake Island. If the 20th meridian west is used as the boundary in the West and the 160th meridian east in the East, then only Palau, Guam, the Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Bodies of water

* The Arctic Ocean in the Eastern Hemisphere,
* The Western portion of the North Sea, most of the Mediterranean Sea, and all of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea of the Atlantic Ocean,
* The Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean,
* The Eastern Bering Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan/East Sea, the Yellow Sea, East China Sea the South China Sea, the Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, Gulf of Thailand and open ocean in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
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          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauAustralia(Oceania) is the smallest continent in the world and the sixth largest country in the world,comprising of 17 countries.Here is the list of 17 countries in Australia and their capitals.



 Australia
S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Australia
Canberra
2.
East Timor
Dili
3.
Fiji
Suva
4.
Indonesia
Jakarta
5.
Kiribati
South Tarawa
6.
The Marshall Islands
Majuro
7.
Micronesia
Palikir
8.
Nauru
Yaren
9.
New Zealand
Wellington
10.
Palau
Melekeok
11.
Papua New Guinea
Port Moresby
12.
Samoa
Apia
13.
The Solomon Islands
Honiara
14.
Tonga
Nuku'alofa
16.
Tuvalu
Funafuti
17.
Vanuatu
Port Vila

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  • Have a valid Social Security Number (unless you are from the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia or the Republic of Palau).
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          GBIF abre convocatoria BID a propuestas del Caribe y el Pacífico        

GBIF invita a la presentación de propuestas de financiamiento del Caribe y el Pacífico bajo el programa de Información de Biodiversidad para el Desarrollo (BID). El financiamiento total potencialmente asignado a estas dos convocatorias es de €1.000.000, o €500.000 para cada región.

Lea las convocatorias completas para:

La primera fase del financiamiento de proyectos a través del BID proveyó cerca de €1 millón a 23 proyectos en el África sub-sahariana. Los beneficiarios incluyen 34 organizaciones de 20 países africanos, cuyos proyectos fueron merecedores de selección por un jurado internacional a partir de un grupo inicial de 143 propuestas.

Las nuevas convocatorias para el Caribe y el Pacífico buscan proyectos que:

  • Movilizarán datos de biodiversidad relacionados con áreas protegidas, especies amenazadas y especies invasoras
  • Usarán y extenderán mejores prácticas para digitalizar colecciones de historia natural y movilizar otros datos de biodiversidad
  • Aplicarán datos de biodiversidad en apoyo a la toma de decisiones e investigación
  • Desarrollarán redes nacionales, regionales o temáticas duraderas para apoyar el compartir y reutilizar datos

Tipos de financiamiento

GBIF invita propuestas en tres categorías generales de financiamiento.

  1. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad regionales que establecen o fortalecen colaboraciones internacionales para incrementar la disponibilidad y utilización de datos de biodiversidad. NOTA: Un consorcio regional debe involucrar socios de al menos tres diferentes países o territorios de ultramar de la región. El coordinador del consorcio y al menos uno de los otros socios debe estar localizados en un país de la region (ver la lista de países elegibles en el Caribe y el Pacífico). Cada socio puede recibir hasta €20.000 y el coordinador del consorcio puede recibir un máximo de €30.000.
  2. Financiamiento para movilización de datos de biodiversidad nacionales que establecen o fortalecen instalaciones de información en biodiversidad nacional e incrementar los datos de biodiversidad disponibles acerca del país para responder a prioridades nacionales. Hasta €60.000 serán puestos a disposición por financiamiento nacional.
  3. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad pequeños que movilizan datos de biodiversidad relevantes para prioridades de conservación de biodiversidad con un máximo de €5.000.

Proceso de solicitud y cronograma

Dos jurados de expertos internacionales con experiencia en las regiones respectivas, evaluará las solicitudes a través de un proceso competitivo de dos etapas.

  • Notas conceptuales iniciales, usando las plantillas provistas, debe ser entregada antes del 10 de Noviembre del 2016.
  • Basado en las recomendaciones de los jurados, GBIF invitará un grupo seleccionado de solicitantes a preparar propuestas completas, para entregar a principios de Febrero del 2017.
  • Luego de una revisión y selección final a cargo de los jurados, GBIF anunciará los proyectos a financiar en Mayo del 2017.

Las plantillas de la nota conceptual y las directrices que le acompañan están disponibles para cada uno de los tres tipos de beca en el sitio de los solicitantes al BID.

Aquellos interesados en recibir actualizaciones sobre el programa BID pueden inscribirse para recibir alertas de correo electrónico. Preguntas y solicitudes generales pueden ser enviadas a BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Este programa está financiado por la Unión Europea.

 


Nuestro agradecimiento a William Ulate, Biodiversity Heritage Library / TDWG / Missouri Botanical Garden, y Anabela Plos, GBIF Argentina, por su ayuda con la traducción al español.

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Isla de manglares

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF ouvre deux appels à projets BID pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique        

GBIF invite dès maintenant à soumettre des projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique en vue d’obtenir un financement dans le cadre du programme BID (l'Information sur la Biodiversité pour le Développement). Le montant total potentiel de ces deux appels à projets est 1.000.000 €, soit 500.000 par région.

Voyez ici les appels à projets détaillés:

La première phase du projet BID a permis de financer pour près d’un million d’euros 23 projets en Afrique subsaharienne. Les bénéficiaires sont 34 organisations issues de 20 pays africains dont les projets ont été sélectionnés par un jury international parmi 143 propositions initiales.

Ce nouvel appel à projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique cible des projets visant à :

  • Mobiliser des données sur la biodiversité concernant les zones protégées, les espèces menacées et les espèces exotiques envahissantes.
  • Utiliser et étendre les bonnes pratiques pour la numérisation des collections d’histoire naturelles et la mobilisation d’autres types de données.
  • Utiliser les données de biodiversité pour la prise de décision et la recherche.
  • Développer des réseaux nationaux, régionaux et thématiques durables de façon à soutenir les activités futures de partage et de réutilisation des données.

Catégories de subventions

GBIF lance un appel à projets pour trois grandes catégories de subventions:

  1. Subventions régionales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant des collaborations internationales visant à augmenter la disponibilité et l’usage des données sur la biodiversité. A NOTER : un consortium régional doit impliquer des partenaires issus d'au minimum 3 pays / territoires d’outre-mer de la région. Le coordinateur du consortium et au moins un autre partenaire doivent être situés dans un pays ACP (voir la liste des pays éligibles dans les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique). Chaque partenaire pourra recevoir jusqu’à 20.000 €, et le coordinateur du consortium pourra recevoir jusqu’à 30.000€.
  2. Subventions nationales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant un point nodal GBIF national et visant à augmenter la quantité de données disponibles sur le pays de façon à répondre aux priorités nationales. Jusqu’à 60.000 € pourront être alloués par subvention nationale.
  3. Petites subventions pour la mobilisation de données mobilisant des données de biodiversité adaptées aux priorités en matière de conservation, pour un financement maximal de 5000 €.

Procédure et délai

Deux jurys composés d’experts internationaux ayant de l’expérience dans la région évalueront les propositions selon une procédure en deux temps :

  • Une note conceptuelle initiale utilisant le formulaire fourni devra être soumise au plus tard le 10 novembre 2016.
  • Suivant les recommandations du jury, le GBIF invitera un groupe candidats sélectionnés à préparer une proposition détaillée pour début février 2017.
  • Après une évaluation finale et une sélection par les jurys, les projets financés démarreront en avril 2017.

Le formulaire pour la note conceptuelle et les recommandations associées sont disponibles sur le site BID pour chacune des trois catégories de subventions.

Si vous souhaitez recevoir les nouvelles informations sur le programme BID, vous pouvez vous inscrire aux alertes par courriel. Les questions et demandes d’ordre général peuvent être transmises à BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Ce programme est financé par l'Union européenne.

 


Nos remerciements à Nicolas Noé, Belgian Biodiversity Platform pour le soutien de la traduction.

 

 

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Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific        

GBIF invites the submission of proposals for funding from the Caribbean and the Pacific through the EU-funded Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme. The total potential funding assigned to these two calls is €1,000,000, or €500,000 for each region.

Read the complete calls for:

The first phase of project funding through BID provided nearly €1 million to 23 projects in sub-Saharan Africa. The recipients include 34 organizations from 20 African countries, whose projects earned selection by an international panel from an initial pool of 143 initial proposals.

The new calls for the Caribbean and the Pacific seek projects that will:

  • Mobilize biodiversity data relating to protected areas, threatened species, and invasive alien species
  • Use and extend best practices for digitizing natural history collections and mobilizing other biodiversity data
  • Apply biodiversity data in support of decision-making and research
  • Develop lasting national, regional or thematic networks to support ongoing data sharing and reuse

Types of grants

GBIF invites proposals in three broad categories of grants.

  1. Regional biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen international collaborations to increase the availability and use of biodiversity data. NOTE: A regional consortium must involve partners from a minimum of three different countries or overseas territories from the region. The consortium coordinator and at least one other partner must be located in an ACP country (see the list of eligible countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific). Each partner can receive up to €20,000 and the consortium coordinator may receive a maximum grant of €30,000.
  2. National biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen national biodiversity information facilities and to increase the biodiversity data available about the country to respond to national priorities. Up to €60,000 will be made available per national grant.
  3. Small biodiversity data mobilization grants that mobilize biodiversity data relevant for biodiversity conservation priorities with a maximum funding of €5,000.

Application process and timeline

Two panels of international experts with experience in the respective regions will evaluate applications through a competitive two-stage process.

  • Initial concept notes, using the templates provided for the Caribbean and the Pacific, must be submitted by 10 November 2016.
  • Based on the panels’ recommendations, GBIF will invite a select group of applicants to prepare full proposals, due in early February 2017.
  • Following a final review and selection by the panels, funded projects will start in April 2017.

The concept note template and accompanying guidelines are available for each of the three grant types on the BID grantseekers’ site.

Those interested in receiving updates on the BID programme can sign up for email alerts. General questions and inquiries may be sent to BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

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Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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          Healing America’s Forgotten Nuclear Refugees Is One Woman’s Mission        
More than 70 years ago, the U.S. began testing dozens of nuclear weapons on the Marshall Islands. In California, their community is still hurting.
          OIL RIG ADDRESSES ALL OVER THE WORLD        
ABAN LOYD CHILES OFFSHORE
LTD
“Janpriya Crest”
No. 113, Pantheon Rd
Egmore, Chennai Tamil Nadu 600
008 INDIA
Phone: 91/044-28222400
Fax: 91/044-28229412
E-Mail:
abanloyd@abanindia.com
Web: www.abanindia.com
______________________

ABU DHABI GENERAL
MAINTENANCE AND PETROLEUM
SERVICES CO. (ADMASCO)
PO Box 7384
Abu Dhabi UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
Phone: 971/2 6775000
Fax: 971/2 6671099
E-Mail:
admasco@emirates.net.ae
_______________________________
ADOBE OILFIELD SERVICES, INC.
PO Box 12490
Odessa, Texas 79768 USA
8124 Sprague Rd
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-552-5553
Fax: 432-550-5782
E-Mail:
brendab@adobeservices.com
Web: www.adobeservices.com
___________________________________
ALADDIN MIDDLE EAST LTD.
Sogutozu Caddesi No 23
Balgat 06520
Ankara TURKEY
Phone: 90/312-2871915
Fax: 90/312-2873357
E-Mail: csayer@tr.net
ALEXANDER DRILLING INC.
PO Box 6162
Ft Smith, Arkansas 72906 USA
Phone: 918-436-2491
Fax: 918-436-2493
E-Mail: alexdrlg1@aol.com
Web: www.alexandersrilling.com
_______________________________________
ALTHEV OILFIELD SERVICES LTD.
3 Teak Street
Trincity TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Phone: 868-640-5604
Fax: 868-640-8619
E-Mail: awilliams@althev.com
____________________________________

AMERICAN DRILLING
CONTRACTORS, LLC
3100 La Plata Highway
Farmington, New Mexico 87401
USA
Phone: 505-564-3111
Fax: 505-564-3109
_______________________________
ANWAR AKKAD SONS COMPANY
5th Floor, Dar El Mohandseen Bldg
Arnos Square
Damascus SYRIA
Phone: 963/11 3322683
Fax: 963/11 3326666
E-Mail: unitedoil@mail.sy
______________________________________
APACHE DRILLING CO.
4001-A N. Main
Fort Worth, Texas 76106 USA
Phone: 817-625-7897
Fax: 702-552-9790
________________________________
PT APEXINDO PRATAMA DUTA
TBK
MEDCO Building 2nd-3rd floor
Jl Ampera Raya No 20
Cilandak
Jakarta 12560 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-7804766
Fax: 62/21-7804666
E-Mail: investorrelations@
apexindo.com
Web: www.Apexindo.com
______________________________________
PT APEXINDO PRATAMA DUTA
Jl. Jend. Sudirman
Balikpapan Permai Complex
Block L No 10-12
Balikpapan, East Kalimantan 76114
INDONESIA
Phone: 62/542-410258
Fax: 62/542-411788
E-Mail: investorrelations@
apexindo.com
________________________________
MESA DRILLING INC.
2929 Briarpark Dr
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-993-7082
Fax: 713-993-7084
____________________________________
ARAB DRILLING & WORKOVER CO.
PO Box 680
Tripoli LIBYA
Phone: 218/21-4804855
Fax: 218/21-4804998
E-Mail: adwoc@lttnet.net
______________________________________
ARROW DRILLING, LLC
3817 NW Expressway, Ste 605
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73112
USA
Phone: 405-917-7860
Fax: 405-917-7862
E-Mail:
bradpumphrey@coxinet.net
______________________________________
ARTESIA FISHING TOOL CO INC
P.O. Box 1370
Artesia, New Mexico 88211 USA
Phone: 505-746-3518
Fax: 505-748-2205
E-Mail: aftdrlg@pvtnetworks.net
_______________________________________
ASCOM GROUP S.A.
18, Renasterii Bld. Chisinau
Republic of Moldova MD-2005
MOLDOVA
Phone: 373/22-221872
Fax: 373/22-227566
E-Mail: info@ascom.md
___________________________________
CASCO-DRILLING CONTRACTOR
AND TURNKEY OPERATOR
Manghistau Oblast
Beyneu District, Borankul
Republic of Kazakhstan
KAZAKHSTAN
Phone: 7/3292510602
ASPEN DRILLING CO., INC.
9054 Highway So. 285
Morrison, Colorado 80465 USA
Phone: 303-697-8335
Fax: 303-697-6816
E-Mail: cmcaspen@aol.com
____________________________________
ASSOCIATION OF DRILLING
CONTRACTORS
PO Box 623
Moscow 117049 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-236-9714
Fax: 7/095-236-9714
__________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS
PO Box 218350
Houston, Texas 77218-8350 USA
15835 Park Ten Place Dr Ste 200
Houston, Texas 77084-5131 USA
Phone: 281-749-7800
Toll Free: 800-231-5924
Fax: 281-492-0345
Web: www.atwd.com
____________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS SERVICES
400 Orchard Rd #06-09A
Orchard Towers (Front Block)
Singapore 238875 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/7373492
Fax: 65/7336386
_____________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS AUSTRALIA
PTY. LTD.
35 Peel Rd
O’Connor, WAU 6163 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/8-93312099
Fax: 61/8-93371383
______________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS PACIFIC
LIMITED ATWOOD OCEANICS
INT’L., LIMITED
Road #11, #10B, 4th Floor
Maadi EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-706-6167
Fax: 20/2-706-6166
_____________________________________
____________________________

AXXIS DRILLING
1015 N. Cruse Avenue
Broussard, Louisiana 70518 USA
Phone: 337-837-8806
Fax: 337-837-8807
E-Mail: rborel@axxisdrilling.com
1 Inland Barges
Gulf Coast, USA
_____________________________________
AZTEC INT’L. LTD.
1000/40-41, 11th Flr, P.B. Tower
Sukhumvit 71 Road
Klongtonnua, Wattana
Bangkok 10110 THAILAND
Phone: 66/2-3910765
Fax: 66/2-3812800
E-Mail: info@aztec.co.th
Web: www.aztec.co.th
___________________________________
AZTEC WELL SERVICING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 100
Aztec, New Mexico 87410 USA
Phone: 505-334-6194
Fax: 505-334-8729
E-Mail: stewart-aws@digii.net
__________________________________________
BANDERA DRILLING CO., INC.
809 T & P Lane
Abilene, Texas 79602-3099 USA
Phone: 325-676-5591
Toll Free: 800-634-3693
Fax: 325-676-5599
E-Mail: ray@banderadrlg.com
Web: www.banderadrilling.com
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BARNICO DRILLING INC.
1006 An Co Rd 2212
Palestine 75803
Phone: 903-729-1509
Fax: 903-729-5793
___________________________________
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
P O Box 10460
Midland, Texas 79702 USA
400 West Illinois, Ste 800
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-620-5500
Fax: 432-620-5501
E-Mail:
info@basicenergyservices.com
Web:
www.basicenergyservices.com
_____________________________________________
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 10460
Midland, TX 79702 USA
406 N. Big Spring
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-571-8100
Fax: 432-620-5501
Charlie Swift, VP-Permian Division
Charley Gregg, Marketing
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
2417 Wilcox Drive
Norman, OK 73069 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Terry Yates, Manager-Mid
Continent Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 1519
Eastland, TX 76488 USA
14902 IH 20
Cisco, Texas 76437 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Tim Dame, VP-North Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
9674 Highway 149
Longview, TX 75603 USA
Phone: 903-643-1140
Fax: 903-643-7590
Marvin Hall, VP-ArkLaTex Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 846
Kingsville, TX 78364 USA
100 E Kleberg, Ste 324
Kingsville, Texas 78364 USA
Phone: 361-592-3200
Fax: 361-592-3297
Tom Best, VP-South Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 20478
Beaumont, TX 77720 USA
9045 Hwy 124
Beaumont, Texas 77720 USA
Phone: 409-842-6262
Fax: 409-842-1094
Morris B Windham, VP-Gulf Coast
Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
1490 West Canal Court, Ste 1000
Littleton, CO 80120 USA
Phone: 303-224-9700
Fax: 303-224-9710
Scott Kinnamon, VP-Rocky
Mountain Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 2783
Farmington, NM 87499-2783 USA
Phone: 505-634-0113
Fax: 505-634-0114
Jerry Tufly, Manager-Four Corners
Division
__________________________________________
BASIN DRILLING COMPANY L.L.C.
PO Box 277
Aberdeen, Mississippi 39730 USA
Phone: 662-369-0394
Fax: 662-369-0307
E-Mail: ccasindrlg@aol.com
____________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
12225 Greenville Ave Ste 950
Dallas, Texas 75243 USA
Phone: 972-889-2100
Fax: 972-889-2104
________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 717
Farmington, NM 87499 USA
5424 US Hwy 64
Farmington,NewMexico87401USA
Phone: 505-327-5218
Fax: 505-564-9185
E-Mail: bearcat@acrnet.com
__________________________________________
BIG 6 DRILLING COMPANY
7500 San Felipe Ste 250
Houston, Texas 77063 USA
Phone: 713-783-2300
Fax: 713-783-4463
E-Mail:
mdstone@big6drilling.com
Web: www.big6drilling.com
______________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING COMPANY,
LLC
PO Box 613
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
17525 US Hwy 34
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
Phone: 303-867-4736
Fax: 970-867-3714
E-Mail: hgreenwood@bigdogshark.
com
______________________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
110 N. Marienfeld Ste 200
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
___________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
1612 East Co Rd 115
Midland, TX 79706 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
__________________________________________
BIG E DRILLING CO Div of Eastham
Enterprises
4710 Bellaire Blvd Ste 350
Bellaire, Texas 77401 USA
Phone: 713-661-6890
Fax: 713-661-8106
E-Mail: lyle@bigedrilling.com
________________________________________
BIG THREE DRILLING INC.
225 Main
Russell, Kansas 67665 USA
Phone: 785-483-3404
E-Mail: smk@media-net.net
_________________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
3993 Hwy 90
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
Phone: 979-733-9688
Toll Free: (866) 897-3188
Fax: 979-733-9901
_______________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC.
515 N. Sam Houston Pkwy East
Suite 400
Houston, TX 77060 USA
Phone: 281-847-1691
Fax: 281-847-2691
___________________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
15600 San Pedro, Ste 204
San Antonio, Texas 78232 USA
Phone: 210-495-5577
Fax: 210-495-0075
_______________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
CATARINA FIELD OFFICE
19682 Hwy 83
Catarina, TX 78836 USA
Phone: 830-999-3400
Fax: 830-999-3404
____________________________________
BLUE RIBBON DRILLING, LLC
PO Box 279
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029-0279 USA
399258 W 1330 Dr
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029 USA
Phone: 918-534-2322
Fax: 918-534-2322
E-Mail: johnrountree@bratcooperating.
com
___________________________________________________
BMR DRILLING, INC.
501 West County Rd 109
Venus, Texas 76084 USA
Phone: 972-366-9933
Fax: 972-366-1649
_____________________________________________
BOLDON DRILLING
Colwick Industrial Estate
Colwick
Nottingham NG4 2BB ENGLAND
Phone: 44/115-9-611300
Fax: 44/115-9-617338
E-Mail: drill@bdf.co.uk
____________________________________________
BRENT BAKER DRILLING INC.
8005 S I-35 Ste 203
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73149
USA
Phone: 405-632-2982
Fax: 405-631-5612
________________________________________
BRONCO DRILLING CO. LLC
6601 South 29th
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73179
USA
Phone: 405-745-6060
Fax: 405-745-8096
E-Mail: shale@broncodrill.com
Web: www.broncodrill.com
________________________________________
BULGARGEOMIN LTD.
PO Box 600
Sofia 1000
3 Ogneboretz Str
Sofia 1619 BULGARIA
Phone: 359/2-9571466
Fax: 359/2-9571238
E-Mail: bgm@applet-bg.com
Web: www.bulgargeomin.com
____________________________________________
BURGAZ DRILLING COMPANY
Open Joint Stock Co. “Gazprom”
Prospekt Vemadskogo 41/1
Moscow 119991 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-7820943
Fax: 7/095-7820974
E-Mail:
burgaz@burgazgazprom.ru
__________________________________________
HORIZONTAL DRILLING CENTER
Orenburg RUSSIA
Phone: 7/3532-733509
Fax: 7/3532-733549
______________________________________________
CACTUS DRILLING COMPANY, LLC
PO Box 270848
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73137-
0848 USA
621 North Morgan Road
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73127
USA
Phone: 405-577-5347
Fax: 405-577-9306
E-Mail: ront@kfoc.net
___________________________________________
CANTEX DRILLING INC.
3953 W 42nd St
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-385-1744
Fax: 432-385-1745
_______________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, LP
PO Box 13678
Odessa, Texas 79768 USA
8901 N. County Road West
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-366-0161
Toll Free: 800-442-5224
Fax: 432-366-2433
E-Mail:
mike.roghair@oilstates.com
___________________________________________
________________________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, INC.
1432 Prairie Lane
Wooster, OH 44691 USA
Phone: 330-264-2206
Fax: 330-263-2134
_________________________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LTD.
Vishechnaya St, 3
North Wharf
Baku 370009 AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-974612
Fax: 994/12-974610
E-Mail: dave.walls@gsfdrill.com;
shaig.bakirov@gsfdrill.com
__________________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 17805
Denver, Colorado 80217 USA
1801 Broadway Ste 360
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-292-1206
Fax: 303-292-5843
E-Mail: cazamail@cazadrilling.com
_______________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 846
Williston, ND 58801 USA
Phone: 701-572-0131
Fax: 701-572-0447
____________________________________
CAZA DRILLING (CALIFORNIA)
INC.
7001 Charity Avenue
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0111
Toll Free: 800-443-5925
Fax: 661-589-0283
______________________________________
ENSIGN RESOURCE SERVICE
GROUP INC
400 5th Ave SW, Ste 900
Calgary, Alberta, AB T2P 0L6
CANADA
Phone: 403-262-1361
Fax: 403-265-7673
____________________________________
CDX-DART DRILLING &
TECHNOLOGY, LLC
5485 Beltline Road Ste 330
Dallas, Texas 75254 USA
Phone: 972-692-1400
Fax: 972-692-1401
E-Mail: steve.johnson@cdxdart.
com
Web: www.cdxgas.com
________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
BRISBANE (WACOL) OFFICE
49 Campbell St
Wacol, Queensland 4076
AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/7-38793333
Fax: 61/7-38793322
E-Mail:
info@centurydrilling.com.au
Web:
www.downergroup.com.au
_________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
INDONESIAN OFFICE
Jl Gaharu 1, #15
Cilandek Barat, Jakarta
Selatan 12430 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-7591 0650
Fax: 62/21-766 1308
E-Mail: cendril@indosat.net.id
___________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING & ENERGY
SERVICES (NZ) LIMITED
166 Karetoto Rd
Wairakei NEW ZEALAND
Phone: 64/7-3748899
Fax: 64/7-3748508
E-Mail: cdes@centurydrilling.co.nz
_______________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD HEADQUARTERS
Gastelun 367 P O Box 92
Eschen 9492 LIECHTENSTEIN
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
___________________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD
Challenger Bldg
1 El-Moshier Ahmed Ismail St
Heliopolis Cairo 11361 EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-2682810
Fax: 20/2-2676122
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
__________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
3728 W Jones Ave
Garden City, Kansas 67846-9762 USA
Phone: 620-277-2062
Fax: 620-277-2094
E-Mail:
wvalentine@cheyennedrilling.com
Web: www.cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
PO Box 1085
Woodward, OK 73802 USA
Phone: 580-256-7226
Fax: 580-256-5665
E-Mail:
balexander@cheyennedrilling.com
___________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
500 Main, Suite 1110
Ft. Worth, TX 76102 USA
Phone: 817-332-1212
Fax: 817-332-1213
E-Mail:
ajjacques@cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________________
CHINA OILFIELD SERVICES LTD
PO Box 232
Beijing 101149
College Street, Yanjiao
East Beijing 101149 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-8452 2134
Fax: 86/10-84522133
___________________________________
CHINA FRANCE BOHAI
GEOSERVICES COMPANY LTD
PO Box 548
Tanggu
Tianjin 300452 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/22-66916447
Fax: 86/22-25311647
_____________________________
COASTAL DRILLING COMPANY,
L.L.C.
311 Saratoga Blvd
Corpus Christi, Texas 78417-3506
USA
Phone: 361-852-6195
Fax: 361-852-6676
E-Mail:
chris@coastaldrilling.com
______________________________
Monagas 6201 VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291 6430460
Fax: 58/291 6434205
E-Mail: comanpa@telcel.net.ve
Web: www.comanpa.com
_________________________________
CROSCO INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES CO. LTD.
Naftni servisi, d.o.o.
Ulica Grada Vukovara 18
Zagreb HR - 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385/1-3652 333
Fax: 385/1-3096 448
E-Mail: marketing@crosco.hr
_____________________________________
SEA HORSE SHIPPING INC.
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
NORDIC SHIPPING LTD
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED
Canada Court, Upland Road
St. Peter Port
Islands of Guernsey UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 1/780-988-2283
_________________________________
CROSCO DRILLING & WELL
SERVICES (UK) LIMITED
10 Orange Street
London UNITED KINGDOM
MIDEAST INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES COMPANY LLC
(MIDWESCO)
P O Box 2670
Postal Code 112
Ruwi OMAN
Phone: 968/245 91493
Fax: 968/245 94732
E-Mail: crosco@omantel.net.om
__________________________________
NOBLE CROSCO DRILLING LTD
PO Box 20585
Doha QATAR
Phone: 97/4-4352-004
Fax: 97/4-4352-263
E-Mail: FStricko@noblecorp.com
_________________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
PODJETJE ZA NAFTNE SERVISE
D.O.O.
Rudarska ulica 1
Lendava 9220 SLOVENIA
Marijan Preglej, Director
CORTECROS
Nova ves 57
Republika Hrvatska
Zagreb 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385-1-4667383
Fax: 385-1-4667382
E-Mail: info@cortecros.hr
______________________________
CROWN DBL, INC.
PO Box 51433
Lafayette, Louisiana 70505 USA
1026 O’Noal Drive
Breaux Bridge, Louisiana 70517
USA
Phone: 337-332-8563
Fax: 337-332-8598
E-Mail:
dblquest@worldnet.att.net
________________________________
CYCLONE DRILLING INC.
PO Box 908
Gillette, Wyoming 82717-0908 USA
Phone: 307-682-4161
Fax: 307-682-3158
E-Mail: cyclonedrilling.com
__________________________________

DALMA ENERGY, LLC
PO Box 46226
Abu Dhabi UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
Phone: 971/2-671-5544
Fax: 971/2-671-5505
E-Mail:
dalmaen@emirates.net.ae
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY & CO., LLC
P.O. Box 739, Mina Al Fahal
P.C. 116 OMAN
Phone: 968/24636-400, 24636
Fax: 968/24636-415
E-Mail:
dalmaenergy@dalmaenergy.com
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
Almana Towers
PO Box No. 491
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/462-1897
Fax: 974/462-2084
E-Mail: qatar@dalmaenergy.com
___________________________________
RAWABI DALMA CO. LTD
PO Box 79707
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8939557
Fax: 966/3-8939585
E-Mail:
rawabidalma@dalmaenergy.com
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
_______________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
301-302 Anand Complex
2-Anand Nagar Society
Near New India Mill, Jetalpur Rd
Baroda 390 005 INDIA
Phone: 91/265-2320246
Fax: 91/265-2320252
E-Mail:
baroda@dalmaenergy.com
_____________________________________
DELTA ENGINEERING COMPANY,
LTD
PO Box 16113
62—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-676601/2/3
Fax: 967/1-676412
E-Mail: deltagrpye@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
DEWANCHAND RAMSARAN
INDUSTRIES (P) LTD. (OIL & GAS
DIVISION)
7-8, Trade Worl, B-Wing, 1st Floor
“Kamala City”, Senapati Bapat
Marg.
Lower Parel (W)
Mumbai 400 013 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-494 0977
Fax: 91/22-498 5432
E-Mail: dnipl@vsn1.com
_____________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
PO Box 4558
Houston, Texas 77210-4558 USA
15415 Katy Fwy Ste 100
Houston, Texas 77094 USA
Phone: 281-492-5300
Fax: 281-492-5316
Web:
www.diamondoffshore.com
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
111 Veterans Blvd Ste 1030
Metairie, LA 70005 USA
Phone: 504-834-9040
Fax: 504-834-0332
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
(U.K.) LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate
Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-727500
Fax: 44/1224-772321
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
6501 Freetown Rd
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-365-5180
Fax: 337-365-0557
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE GENERAL
COMPANY
Unit 2, 5 Turner Avenue
Bently, Perth WA 6102 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61-8-6363-8900
Fax: 61-8-6363-8999
______________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE
NETHERLANDS B.V.
Koninginnegracht 60
Den Haag 2514 AE THE
NETHERLANDS
Phone: 31/70-311-7890
Fax: 31/70-311-7899
_____________________________________
BRASDRIL SOCIEDADE DE
PERFURACOES, LTDA.
Rua Tenente Celio, 185
Novo Cavaleiros
Macae RJ CEP 27930-120 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/22-2791-8200
Fax: 55/22-2773-4115
____________________________________
MEXDRILL OFFSHORE S. DE R.L.
DE C.V.
Ave. Central por 1 Sur Manz J
Lote 1, Puerto Isla del Carmen
C.P. 24140, Ciudad del Carmen
Campeche MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-381-4121
Fax: 52/938-381-3772
________________________________________
DISCOVERY DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 763
Hays, Kansas 67601-0763 USA
3505 Fairway Dr
Hays, Kansas 67601 USA
Phone: 785-623-2920
Fax: 785-623-4156
E-Mail:
discoverydrilling@eaglecom.net
________________________________________
DLS ARGENTINA LIMITED
Sarmiento 663 - Piso 4
Buenos Aires C1041AAM
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-5129-2900
Fax: 54/11-5129-2949
E-Mail: info@dlsargentina.
com.ar
Web: www.dls-argentina.com.ar
___________________________________
DOLPHIN DRILLING LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate, Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-411411
Fax: 44/1224-723267
______________________________
DOLPHIN WELL SERVICE
Platformveien 5
P O Box 63
Tanager N-4098 NORWAY
Phone: 47/51-694300
Fax: 47/51-696156
________________________________
DOYON DRILLING INC
101 West Benson Blvd Ste 503
Anchorage, Alaska 99503 USA
Web: www.doyondrilling.com
_________________________________
DRILLFOR S.A.
Av. Amazonas 1047 y Naciones
Unidas
Edificio La Previsora Torre
A-Piso 6-Oficina 601
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593/2 227 0990
Fax: 593/2 227 0853
E-Mail: drillfor@drillfor.com
________________________________
DRILLFOR BASE CAMP
Km 6 Via a Lago Agrio
El Coca ECUADOR
Fax: 593/6 880 982
__________________________________
DRILLING COMPANY ALLIANCE
PO Box 20
Usinsk
Komi Republic 169710 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/82144-41196
Fax: 7/82144-41510
E-Mail: sserver99@online.ru
Web: www.alliancedc.com
_______________________________
DRILLING RISK MANAGEMENT,
INC.
116 E Anglin St
Uvalde, Texas 78801 USA
Phone: 830-278-4567
Fax: 830-278-5255
E-Mail: DRMI@hilconet.com
________________________________
DRILLTEC GUT GMBH
In don Teichen 2
Jona D-07751 GERMANY
Phone: 49/7243-76890
Fax: 49/7243-768941
E-Mail: info@drilltec.de
________________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
100 S Main Ste 410
Wichita, Kansas 67202-3737 USA
Phone: 316-267-1331
Fax: 316-267-5180
E-Mail: ddcisrb@aol.com
______________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 823
Great Bend, KS 67530 USA
Phone: 620-793-8366
Fax: 620-793-8743
620 Hubbard
Great Bend, Kansas 67530 USA
_________________________________
E & D SERVICES INC.
2300 Hwy 11 North
Laurel, Mississippi 39440 USA
Phone: 601-649-9044
Fax: 601-649-3139
E-Mail: asumrall28@yahoo.com
____________________________________
E & H DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 1058
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Newcastle Hwy
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Phone: 940-549-0370
Fax: 940-549-8191
E-Mail: rho@wf.net
____________________________________________
EAGLE DRILLING LLC
1108 Rambling Oaks Dr
Norman, Oklahoma 73072 USA
Phone: 405-364-1613
Fax: 405-447-9351
____________________________________
EAGLE ROCK DRILLING, L.L.C.
1113 Dayton Rd
Midland, Texas 79706 USA
Phone: 432-682-3030
Toll Free: (866) 867-3745
Fax: 432-682-1212
E-Mail:
dtally@eaglerockdrilling.com
_____________________________
EDDE DRILLING CO
P O Box 4966
Victoria, Texas 77903 USA
2607 E Rio Grande St
Victoria, Texas 77901 USA
Phone: 361-572-4884
Fax: 361-578-6376
E-Mail: troy@tuckerop.com
_____________________________
EGYPTIAN DRILLING CO.
PO Box 8071
Nasr City Housing
Cairo 11371 EGYPT
Km. 17.5 Cairo/Suez Road
64—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-4176701
Fax: 20/2-4176731
E-Mail: management@egyptiandrilling.
com
________________________________________
EDC SYRIA BRANCH
Mazza Sharkia - Al Farabi St.
Yassin Al Safadi
Building No. 77, 1st Floor
Damascus SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6110459
Fax: 963/11-6131085
Yehia A Aal, General Manager
_______________________________
DRILLING & PETROLEUM
SERVICES CO
PO Box 2589
Al Khobar 31932 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8825089
Fax: 966/3-8825164
E-Mail: mashraf@dps.com.sa
________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2440
Casper, Wyoming 82602 USA
1910 N Loop Ave
Casper, Wyoming 82601 USA
Phone: 307-235-8609
Fax: 307-577-7227
E-Mail: nich@drilloilandgas.com
____________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 3213
Billings, MT 59103 USA
Phone: 406-245-3511
Fax: 406-252-7682
______________________________________
ENAFOR COMPANY
BP 211
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/29 737595
Fax: 213/29 738026
E-Mail: enafor@wissal.dz
Web: enafor.net
_____________________________
ENERGY DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 905
Natchez, Mississippi 39121 USA
Phone: 601-446-5259
Fax: 601-446-8607
________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
INCORPORATED
500 N. Akard Street, Ste 4300
Dallas, Texas 75201 USA
Phone: 214-397-3000
Toll Free: 800-423-8006
Fax: 214-397-3379
Web: www.enscous.com
____________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
620 Moulin Road
Broussard, LA 70518 USA
Phone: 337-837-8500
Toll Free: 800-322-8217
Fax: 337-837-8501
__________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
11200 Richmond Avenue, Suite
490
Houston, TX 77082 USA
Phone: 281-920-6440
Fax: 281-920-6441
____________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING (CARIBBEAN)
INC.
Edificio Ensco
Muelle Terminales Maracaibo
Las Morochas, Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-631-2287
Fax: 58/265-631-1435
______________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
OFFSHORE COMPANY
The Hamma Galleries Bldg, 3rd
Floor
One Lane Hill, East Broadway
Hamilton
Bermuda HM 19 WEST INDIES
Phone: 441-278-0800
Fax: 441-292-9188
______________________________
ENSCO CORONADO LIMITED
91-93 St. Vincent Street
1st Floor Algico Plaza
Port of Spain TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Phone: 868-623-0525
Fax: 868-624-9137
________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING COMPANY
NIGERA LTD.
c/o Speciality Drilling Fluids
Plot 184c Trans Amadi Industrial
Layout
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234-8423-1322
Fax: 234-8423-5915
_________________________________
ENSCO HOUSE
Badentoy Avenue
Badentoy Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 4YB SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-780400
Fax: 44/1224-780444
___________________________________
ENSCO NETHERLANDS LTD.
c/o DONG
Agern Alle 24-26, Building 5
Hoersholm DK 2970 DENMARK
Phone: 45/4517-0776
Fax: 45/4517-0836
_____________________________
ENSCO OCEANICS
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Al Moosa Tower 2, Ste 2601
Sheikh Zayed Rd
PO Box 72453
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-403-7300
Fax: 971/4-403-7305
_________________________________
ENSCO ASIA PACIFIC PTE.
LIMITED
300 Beach Rd #10-01/03
The Concourse
Singapore 19955 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6394-3100
Fax: 65/6394-3105
____________________________________
ENSCO AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED
Level 4, 66 King’s Park Road
West Perth, WA 6005 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/8-9211-3388
Fax: 61/8-9211-3390
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Lot 4600, Simpang 4
Jalan Pandan Lima (Off Jalan
Maulana)
Kuala Belait KA 1931
Brunei Darussalam MALAYSIA
Phone: 673-333-0080
Fax: 673-333-2710
_______________________________
ENSCO GERUDI (M) SDN BHD
5th Floor, Bangunan Angakasa
Raya
Jalan Ampang
Kuala Lumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-2148-4909
Fax: 60/3-2148-3909
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
3rd Floor, QFl (Qatar General
Insurance)
Bldg. Al Asmakh Street, PO Box
22895
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/441-7075
Fax: 974/442-6780
___________________________________
ENSCO MARITIME LIMITED
Unit No. 601, 6th Floor
Centre Point, Andheri Kurla Rd
J. B. Nagar, Andheri East
Mumbai 400 059 INDIA
Phone: 91-22-564-95454
Fax: 91-22-564-90596
__________________________________
ENSCO HOLLAND B.V.
8th Floor, BRI Building
Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 37
Balikpapan 76112
East Kalimantan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/542-736791
Fax: 62/542-736751
_______________________________
ENTREPRISE NATIONALE DES
TRAVAUX AUX PUITS
BP 206/207
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/9738850
Fax: 213/9732097
__________________________________
ENVIROSAFE DRILLING LP
1614 C. Nantucket Drive
Houston, Texas 77057 USA
Phone: 713-818-3919
Fax: 713-784-0805
E-Mail: rsage@houston.rr.com
_________________________________
EVERTSON INTERNATIONAL
VENEZUELA
Ave. Marino, Via La Guarapera
Edi Evertson, El Tigrito,
Edo. Anzoategui
Phone: 58/283-2554744
Fax: 58/283-2554722
E-Mail: jims@evertson.com
Web: www.evertson.com
__________________________________
EXCELL SERVICES, INC
36629 Hwy 385
P O Box 305
Wray, Colorado 80758 USA
Phone: 970-332-3156
Fax: 970-332-5821
E-Mail:
eandrews@jwoperatiog.com
Web: www.jwoperating.com
_________________________________
EXPLORATION OIL & GAS JASLO
LTD. NAFTGAZ BRANCH IN
WOLOMIN
ul Lukasiewicza 11
Wolomin 05-200 POLAND
Phone: 48/22-7873704
Fax: 48/22-7762340
E-Mail: naftgaz@naftgaz.com.pl
____________________________________
FAITH DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 1378
Seminole, Texas 79360-1378 USA
902 S.W. Ave C
Seminole, Texas 79360 USA
Phone: 432-758-2552
Phone: 432-758-6352
Fax: 432-758-2552
_______________________________
FELDERHOFF BROTHERS
DRILLING
PO Box 1299
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
4337 E Hwy 82
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
Phone: 940-665-3592
Fax: 940-613-4065
E-Mail: Feld@bsicompanies.com
Web: www.bsicompanies.com
___________________________________
1ST DRILLING COMPANY OF
ZHONGYUAN PETROLEUM
EXPLORATION BUREAU
Mazhuangqiao Town
Qingfeng County
Henan Province 457331 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/393-4807196
Fax: 86/393-4800734
_______________________________
Bucharest ROMANIA
Phone: 40/21-224-0538
Fax: 40/21-224-0538
E-Mail: office@foradex.ro
Web: www.foradex.ro
____________________________
FORADEX SA
14, Rue 7051, Cite Essalem
El-Menzah IV
1082 Tunis TUNISIA
Phone: 216/71-230005
Fax: 216/71-230005
_________________________________
FORADEX SA
Lukind House 1st Fl
Cha Cha Cha Road
PO Box 31911
Lusaka ZAMBIA
Phone: 260/1-223723
Fax: 260/1-223723
_____________________________
FORADEX SA
PO Box 4105
Benghazi LIBYA
Phone: 218/61-2222809
Fax: 218/61-2222809
_____________________________
FORESIGHT LTD.
Foresight House
6 Elder Street
London E1 6BT UNITED KINGDOM
Phone: 44/207-3775755
Fax: 44/207-2472700
E-Mail: fk.)@fs-g.com
________________________________
Mumbai 400 055 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-6155132
Fax: 91/22-6155133
E-Mail: asm@bom5.vsnl.net.in
___________________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD.
PO Box 41164
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail:
foresight@emirates.net.ae
_____________________________
FOSERCO SA
2 Avram Iancu Street
TG. OCNA 5467 ROMANIA
Phone: 40/234-344035,344036
Fax: 40/234-344395
E-Mail: foserco@mic.ro
_________________________________
FRIGSTAD OFFSHORE PTE. LTD.
2 Mistri Rd
#11-00 HMC Bldg
Singapore 079624 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6223-1277
Fax: 65/6223-3906
E-Mail: fo@frigstad.com.sg
Web: www.frigstad.com
______________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING I, LP
PO Box 1116
Luling, Texas 78648 USA
Phone: 830-875-3774
Fax: 830-875-2484
E-Mail:
rthomas@frontierdrilling.com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING ASA
PO Box 6076
Postterminalen
Bergen 5892 NORWAY
Statsminister Michelsensveg 38
Paradis
Bergen 5231 NORWAY
Phone: 47/55-922820
Fax: 47/55-922830
E-Mail: post@frontier-drill.com
Web: www.frontier-drill.com
________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING (ASIA) PTE.
LTD.
491 B River Valley Rd
#14-01 Valley Point
Singapore 248373 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6887 0440
Fax: 65/6887 0444
E-Mail: singapore@frontierdrill.
com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING do BRAZIL
LTDA
Edificio Leberty Center - Sala 901
Avenida Nossa Senhora da Penha
#387
Praia da Canto
Vitoria ES 29055-131 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/27 3334 8600
Fax: 55/27 3334 8610
________________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Drawer 330
Cedar Bluff, Virginia 24624 USA
Phone: 540-964-2696
Fax: 540-963-0487
_____________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Box 527
Cedar Bluff, VA 24609 USA
Jerry E Ratliff, Sec
_________________________
GEM DRILLING CO.
PO Box 65
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
500 Adams Rd
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
Phone: 325-773-3654
Fax: 325-773-3655
__________________________
GEORGE N. MITCHELL DRILLING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 550
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
1239 County Rd 1500N
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
Phone: 618-382-2343
Fax: 618-384-2435
E-Mail: nrgy@mitchelldrilling.
com
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORPORATION
PO Box 4577
Houston, Texas 77210-4577 USA
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, Texas 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-6000
Toll Free: (800) 231-5754
Fax: 281-925-6010
E-Mail:
firstname.lastname@gsfdrill.co
m
Web: www.gsfdrill.com
______________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
Vishechnaya Street #3
North Wharf
Baku AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-497-4612
Fax: 994/12-497-4610
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
B.P. 5893
c/o Saga Logistics Base
Douala CAMEROON
Phone: 237/343-8713
Fax: 237/343-4979
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
COMPANY (CANADA) LTD.
36 Brookshire Court Ste 13
Bedford, NS B4A 4E9 CANADA
Phone: 902-832-9460
Fax: 902-832-9480
Kevin Knott
Victor Dias
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL (CANADA)
DRILLING COMPANY
Baine Johnston Centre, Ste 400
10 Fort William Place
St John’s
Newfoundland A1C 1K4 CANADA
Phone: 709-724-6600
Fax: 709-724-6610
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORP
Kilometer No. 11
Kattameya-Ein Soukhna Desert Rd
PO Box 341
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 202-757-5681
Fax: 202-757-5669
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
Parque de las Avenidas de Africa
Carracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: 240-0-96-968
Fax: 240-0-94-091
____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
Boite Postale 556
Port Gentil GABON
Phone: 241/552040
Fax: 241/560458
____________________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Jalan, Melawai 1X/2
PO Box 2351
Jakarta Selatan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-721-1700
Fax: 62/21-721-1714
_________________________________
PT SANTA FE-POMEROY
INDONESIA
Merak Petroleum Base
Jl. Pulorida, Merak
West Java INDONESIA
Phone: 62/254-571 408
Fax: 62/254-571 189
_______________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Gedung BRI, Lantai 5
Jin. Jend Sudiman No. 37
Balikpapan
Kalimantan 76112 INDONESIA
Phone: 62-542-426-396
Fax: 62-542-426-408
_____________________________
SAFEMAL DRILLING SDN. BHD.
9th Floor, Angkasa Raya Building
123 Jalan Ampang
Kuala Laumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Contractor Listings 2005 IADC Membership Directory—69
Phone: 603-2050-2100
Fax: 603-2050-2122
_____________________________________
GLOBAL OFFSHORE DRILLING
LIMITED
Kilometer 14 Aba Expressway
PO Box 7086
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234/84-231356
Fax: 234/84-231353
_______________________________________
SANTA FE CONSTRUCTION CO.
139 Corporate Center
10th Floor, Unit 1001
139 Valero Street, Salcedo Village
Makati City Manila PHILIPPINES
Phone: 632/830-2210
Fax: 632/818-8237
_______________________________
SANTA FE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
PO Box 4396
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/455-0797
Fax: 974/455-1298
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Letter Box 5096, Bldg 104, Sops
Ave.
Loyang Offshore Base
Loyang Crescent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6545 2679
Fax: 65/6545 6173
______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Unit 3004, 30th Floor, Suntowers
Bldg B, 123 Vibhavadi-Rangsit Rd
Khwaeng Ladyao, Khet Chatuchak
Bangkok 10900 THAILAND
Phone: 662-617-6170
Fax: 662-617-6171
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE SOUTH
AMERICA LLC
Maple House
3 Sweet Briar Road
St. Clair, Trinidad WEST INDIES
Phone: 868/622-6432
Fax: 868/622-6563
_______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Lothing Depot
North Quay
Lowestoft
Suffolk NR32 2TF UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1502-542-000
Fax: 44/1502-542-001
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Langlands House Huntley St
Aberdeen AB10 1SH SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-654400
Fax: 44/1224-654401
________________________________
RESOURCE RIG SUPPLY, INC.
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7300
Fax: 281-925-7399
__________________________________
APPLIED DRILLING TECHNOLOGY,
INC.
15375 Memorial Drive, Suite A200
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7100
Fax: 281-925-7199
________________________________________
ACCESS EXPLORATION
CORPORATION
1177 West Loop South, Ste 1450
Houston, TX 77027 USA
Phone: 713-621-2777
Fax: 713-621-2779
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
VENEZUELA, C.A.
Av. Nueva Esparta c/c/ Cerro Sur,
Centro
Bahia Pozvelos Torre b
Mezanina I, Oficina 20
Barcelona VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/281-262-4250
Fax: 58/281-267-9362
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC
02 Hoang Dieu Street
Vung Tau City VIETNAM
Phone: 84/64-852164
Fax: 84/64-852162
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ANGOLA
OFFICE
Malango Base
Cabinda ANGOLA
Phone: 925-842-1111
Fax: 832-463-6806 (V-sat)
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ARGENTINA
OFFICE
25 de Mayo 555, Piso 20
C1002ABK Buenos Aires
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54-11-4310-2470
Fax: 54-11-4310-2471
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE BRAZIL OFFICE
Estrada de Capuabe, 73
Santa Rita - Vila Velha - ES
CEP 29118-461 BRAZIL
Phone: 55-27-3239-8734
Fax: 55-27-3239-8734
_____________________________________
GOLDEN STATE DRILLING INC
3500 Fruitvale Ave
Bakersfield, California 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0730
Fax: 661-589-0147
E-Mail: bstevens@gsdrilling.com
________________________________
GOOBER DRILLING CORPORATION
PO Box 1432
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74076 USA
4905 S Perkins Rd
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074 USA
Phone: 405-743-2132
Fax: 405-743-0052
E-Mail:
mike.brown@gooberdrilling.com
_____________________________________

GREAT WALL DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
No. 6 Liupukang Street
Xicheng District
Beijing 100724 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-62095684
Fax: 86/10-62094976
____________________________________

GREEN GAS POWER LIMITED
16A Fore Street, Topsham
Exeter, Devon EX3 OHF UNITED
KINGDOM
Wolstanton Retail Park, Wolstanton
Newcastle-Under-Lyme
Staffordshire ST5 0EE UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1-395-223972
Fax: 44/1-395-227447
E-Mail: jg@greengaspower.com
___________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP
10370 Richmond Ave Ste 600
Houston, Texas 77042-4136 USA
Phone: 713-435-6100
Toll Free: (800) 553-7563
Fax: 713-435-6171
E-Mail:
trichards@greywolfdrilling.com
____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ARK-LA-TEX DIVISION
333 Texas St Ste 925
Shreveport, LA 71101 USA
Phone: 318-213-1100
Toll Free: 800-959-3003
Fax: 318-213-1155
_____________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ROCKY MOUNTAIN DISTRICT
2136 North Oil Dr
Casper, WY 82604 USA
Phone: 307-266-0700
Toll Free: (866) 522-0700
Fax: 307-266-0166
__________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP GULF COAST DIVISION
254 Stanford Rd
Eunice, LA 70535 USA
Phone: 337-457-0500
Toll Free: 888-457-4089
Fax: 337-457-0558
_____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP SOUTH TEXAS DIVISION
1907 E Main
Alice, TX 78332-4142 USA
Phone: 361-668-8364
Toll Free: 800-242-3280
Fax: 361-668-0823
_________________________________________

GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP WEST TEXAS DISTRICT
6 Desta Drive, Suite 3350
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-684-6828
Toll Free: (888) 864-6828
Fax: 915-684-6841
____________________________________
GUICHARD OPERATING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2000
Crowley, Louisiana 70527-2000
USA
849 Oddfellows Rd
Crowley, Louisiana 70526 USA
Phone: 337-783-5141
Toll Free: 800-738-4645
Fax: 337-783-5155
E-Mail: GuichardCo@aol.com
____________________________________
GULF DRILLING INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED (Q.S.C.)
PO Box 9072
Doha QATAR
7th Floor
HBK Tower, Musherib St
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/4378777
Fax: 974/4434788
E-Mail: gdi@gulfdrilling.net
___________________________________.
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
107 SE 3rd St
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
Phone: 812-254-5085
Fax: 812-254-4943
__________________________________________
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
RR #2 Box 255
Washington, IN 47501-1216 USA
Phone: 812-254-9168
Neal Newton, Prod Supt
_________________________________
H-40 DRILLING INC.
11828 W Central Ste 100
Wichita, Kansas 67212-5178 USA
Phone: 316-773-3640
Fax: 316-773-3740
_______________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD S.A
Torre Universal Ave Federico Boyd
Piso No 12 (Penthouse)
Panama 0816-02033 REPUBLIC OF
PANAMA
PO Box 41164
C/O Sharjah Shipping Co.
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail: foresite@emirates.net.ae
HAMAD AL-HAMAD & PARTNERS
COMPANY
PO Box 47143
Fahaheel 64022
Phone: 965/3261369,3261378
Fax: 965/3261348
E-Mail:
hamadalhamad@hhpco.com.kw
Web:
www.hamadalhamad@hhpco.co
m.kw
___________________________________
HEART LAND DRILLING, INC.
PO Box 3714
Abilene, Texas 79604 USA
Phone: 325-676-4621
Fax: 325-670-0325
E-Mail: hlpc@abilene.com
________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
1625 Broadway, Ste 1480
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-405-8450
Fax: 303-405-8451
E-Mail:
charlie@heartlandoilandgas.com
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
________________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
200 Burrard St, Ste 1925
Vancouver, B.C. V6C 3L6 CANADA
Phone: 604-693-0177
Fax: 604-638-3525
E-Mail:
rcoglon@heartlandoilandgas.co
m
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
1437 South Boulder Avenue
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74119 USA
Phone: 918-742-5531
Fax: 918-742-0237
______________________________________

INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 95969
Oklahoma City, OK 73143 USA
Phone: 405-677-8882
Fax: 405-670-2667
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 6173
Pearl, MS 39288-6173 USA
Phone: 601-939-1589
Fax: 601-939-9122
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 3909
Western Offshore District
Ventura, CA 93006 USA
Phone: 805-642-4656
Fax: 805-642-6024
_______________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 1700
Alice, TX 78333 USA
Phone: 361-664-0114
Fax: 361-664-8534
_______________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE (COLOMBIA)
DRILLING
Cra 9A No 99-02
Office 410
Bogota COLOMBIA
Phone: 57/1-6182399
Fax: 57/1-6182345
__________________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (ANACO)
Apartado 16 Carretera Negra KM
98
Final Ave dose Antonio Anzoategul
Anaco Edo Anzoategui
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4247754
Fax: 58/282-4247753
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (MATURIN)
Av. Alirio Ugarte Pelayo
(Al lado de Plasticor)
Maturin, Edo. Monagas
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291-641-9535
Fax: 58/291-643-1130
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (CD. OJEDA)
Carretera N, Entre Avenidas 42y 43
Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-641-2537
Fax: 58/265-641-1552
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DEL
ECUADOR INC.
Luis Cordero y Andalucia
Edificio “Cyede” Quinto Piso
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593-2-2555-372
Fax: 593-2-2555-512 X 102
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
16365 Park Ten Place, Ste 300
Houston, TX 77084 USA
Phone: 281-398-5457
Fax: 281-398-7960
_____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE BOLIVIA
S.A.
Calle 9 Oeste No. 73
Barrio Las Palmas
Santa Cruz BOLIVIA
Phone: 591/3-3531-741
Fax: 591/3-3536-784
_________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
106 Park Place, Ste 100
Covington, LA 70433 USA
Phone: 985-871-4071
Fax: 985-871-4072
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE (AFRICA)
DRILLING CO. EQUATORIAL
GUINEA
Avenida Parques de Africa
Caracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: Houston 713-431-9212
Fax: Houston 713-431-9216
_____________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE
(ARGENTINA) DRILLING CO.
San Martin #201, Piso 4, Oficina 12
Bis
Codigo Postal 1003
Buenos Aires ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-4326-3481
Fax: 54/11-4322-2005
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
341 East E St Ste 180
Casper, WY 82601 USA
Phone: 307-237-0056
Fax: 307-237-6756
___________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
Smolensk Passage, Smolensk
Square
The House 3 6th Floor, Office No.
628
Moscow 121099 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-937-8272
Fax: 7/095-937-8200
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 133228
Tyler, TX 75713 USA
Phone: 903-533-1340
Fax: 903-535-9238
__________________________________
HERCULES OFFSHORE, LLC
2929 Briarpark Drive, Ste 435
Houston, Texas 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-4176
Fax: 713-952-4342
____________________________________
HERCULES DRILLING COMPANY
2929 Briarpark Drive Ste 400
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-7977
Fax: 713-952-7990
________________________________
HERCULES LIFTBOAT COMPANY
5319 Port Road
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-560-8000
Fax: 337-374-3247
____________________________________
HTC INTERNATIONAL
PO Box No 1376
Corner of Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-269224
Fax: 967/1-269223
E-Mail: hashedi@y.net.ye
_______________________________
ICELAND DRILLING CO
Jardboranir hf
Skipholt 50 d
Reykjavik 105 ICELAND
Phone: 354/5113800
Fax: 354/5883801
E-Mail: sveinn@jardboranir.is
___________________________________
INLET DRILLING ALASKA INC
210 N Willow Street
Kenai, Alaska 99611 USA
Phone: 907-283-3567
Fax: 907-283-7065
E-Mail: inletdrl@ptialaska.net
__________________________________
IRAQ DRILLING COMPANY (IDC)
Ministry of Oil
Al-Nidal Street
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 1-914-360-3105
E-Mail: dr-alaboudi@web.de
__________________________
OIL EXPLORATION COMPANY
(OEC)
Ministry of Oil
Oil Exploration Company
PO Box 476
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 964/1-772-9802
Fax: 964/1-727-0388
E-Mail: oecman@uruklink.net
_________________________________
IROILRIGS INTERNATIONAL LTD
Suite 1301
1-7 Lyndhurst Terrace
Central
Hong Kong P R CHINA
Phone: 852-92380288
Fax: 852-25217979
E-Mail: robinson@iroilrigs.com
Web: www.iroilrigs.com
_______________________________
ITAG - TIEFBOHR GMBH &
COMPANY KG
Itagstrasse
Celle D-29221 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5141914-351
Fax: 49/5141-914-388
E-Mail: thor.noevig@itag-ce.de
Web: www.itag-celle.de
_________________________________
JAGSON INTERNATIONAL LTD.
2nd Floor
6 Pearey Lal Building
Janpath
New Delhi 110 001 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-3718059
Fax: 91/11-3324693
E-Mail: jil@nda.vsnl.net.in
_______________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
Nishi Azabu Annex 5th-7th Floor
3-20-16 Nishi Azabu, Minato-ku
Tokyo 106-0031 JAPAN
Phone: 81/3-5411-9870
Fax: 81/3-5411-9200
E-Mail: info@jdc.co.jp
Web: www.jdc.co.jp
JAPAN DRILLING (MALAYSIA)
SDN. BHD.
Box No 535 Lot 6.01
6th Fl Wisma Central
Jalan Ampang 50450
Kuala Lumpur MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-21668071
Fax: 60/3-21668070
E-Mail: hirishi@jdc.co.jp
___________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO., LTD. H-5
OPERATIONS OFFICE
C/O Perforadora Central, S.A.
DE.C.V.
Calle 24 No. 52 Altos-2. Col.
Centro C.P. 24100
Ciudad del Carmen MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-382-5964
Fax: 52/938-382-0577
E-Mail: yoichi.onoe@jdc.co.jp
_________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SAGADRIL, INC.
PO Box 17340
Jebel Ali, Room No. 604 of Lob-16
Building, in Jebel Ali Free Zone
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-8814945
Fax: 971/4-8814965
E-Mail: toshio.harada@jdc.co.jp
______________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SINGAPORE OFFICE
Loyang Offshore Supply Base
Box No 5056
Loyang Cresent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6543-1722
Fax: 65/6542-1765
E-Mail: freddy@jdcs.com.sg
_____________________________________
PT JAPAN DRILLING INDONESIA
19th Floor, Plaza Sentral JK
Jendral Sudirman Kav 47
Jakarta 12930 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-5746441
Fax: 62/21-5746386
_______________________________________
JET DRILLING PTE LTD
152 Beach Road
#09-01 Gateway East
Singapore 189721 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/392-0201
_____________________________
NORTHERN OFFSHORE LTD.
PO Box 1751 Vika
Oslo 0122 NORWAY
Phone: 47/2201-7500
Fax: 47/2201-7510
E-Mail:
management@northern.no
____________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
1207 Vikram Tower
16 Rajendra Place
New Delhi 110 008 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-2574-0419-0421
Fax: 91/11-2575-4604
E-Mail:
jindal@giasdl01.vsnl.net.in
Web: www.jindal.com
_________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
3rd Fl Keshva Bldg
Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra (East)
Mumbai 400 051 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-2659-2893-2894
Fax: 91/22-2654-2881
E-Mail:
neptune@bom5.vsnl.net.in
_____________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Registered Office:
220 G.I.D.C. Estate
Mehsana - Gujarat, 384 002 INDIA
Phone: 91/2762-254079
Fax: 91/2762-254822
E-Mail: john.adl@sancharnet.in
Web: www.johnenergy.com
_______________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED Corporate
Office
101, Shapath-III, Near GNFC Tower
S.G. Road
Bodakdov, Ahmedabad
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/79-26850132
Fax: 91/79-26850133
E-Mail: john@johnenergy.com,
hinduad1@sancharnet.in
________________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Durga Bhavan, Subhash Nagar
Chandkheda
Ahmedabad INDIA
Phone: 91/79-55228235
Fax: 91/79-55228235
_________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
5 Besant St, Santacruz West
Mumbai 400 054 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-26494581
Fax: 91/22-26052472
__________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
196 Narnarayan Bunglows
Behind MIPCO, Bolav Road
Bharuch
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/2642-246753
Fax: 91/2642-246753
__________________________________
JUSTISS OIL CO., INC.
PO Box 2990
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
1120 E Oak
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
Phone: 318-992-4111
Fax: 318-992-7201
E-Mail: justiss@justissoil.com
________________________________
JUSTISS DRILLING DE
VENEZUELA, S.A.
Base Ubicada en la Prolongacion
Avenida Miranda, Via Lechozal Km
3
Anaco
Estado Anzoategui VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4253555
Fax: 58/282-4253151
E-Mail: justiss@telcel.net.ve
___________________________________
JW DRILLING INC
PO Box 160
Artesia, New Mexico 88211 USA
5104 W Richardson
Artesia, New Mexico 88210 USA
Phone: 505-748-8704
Fax: 505-748-8719
_________________________________
KAL DRILLING COMPANY
11500 S Meridian
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73173
USA
Phone: 405-691-1202
Fax: 405-691-2377
E-Mail:
kaldrlg@oecadvantage.net
_______________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
No. 54 Zhongxing Road
Baijiantan District
Karamay, Xinjiang 834009 P R
CHINA
Phone: 86/990-6827312
Fax: 86/990-6920617
E-Mail: gizjgs-wyx@xjkdc.com
_______________________________
SINO-KAZAK GREAT WALL
DRILLING COMPANY, LTD.
56 Arkdanuwa St
Arkqubin City 463022
KAZAKHSTAN
Phone: 7/313-2967956
Fax: 7/313-2967953
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 234/8033580816
Fax: 234/53-321429
E-Mail:
songhykdc@yahoo.com.cn;
nrly70116@xjkdc.com
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
23 Road 286
New Maadi
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-5202256
Fax: 20/2-5202254
E-Mail: ajxmb@xjkdc.com;
mengqinggang@sina.com
___________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/416-6823790
Fax: 58/282-4251824
E-Mail: wnrlxmb@xjkdc.com;
xqg6926256@126.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 87/1-762662915
Fax: 87/1-762662916
E-Mail:
yongsheng8105@sina.com;
nrly7017@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC IRAN
Phone: 87/1-763222177
Fax: 87/1-763222179
E-Mail:
xj16@inmarsat.francetelecom.fr
________________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, OMAN
Phone: 968/6-93086
Fax: 968/6-93085
E-Mail: amxmb@xjkdc.com;
wanghu1974@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6120070
Fax: 963/11-6120070
E-Mail: xlyxmb@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GROUP
Minto Dr
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230400
E-Mail:
colleen.reid@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING UK
OFFICE
Minto Drive
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230401
E-Mail:
pam.vickers@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
___________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GERMANY
OFFICE
PO Box 1253
Bad Bentheim D-48443 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5922-72000
Fax: 49/5922-72105
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING INC USA
OFFICE
10777 Westheimer Ste 1111
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-243-6230
Fax: 713-243-6231
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
______________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING DUBAI
OFFICE
Jebel Ali
PO Box 17240
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/48816697
Fax: 971/48816940
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
_______________________________________-
KENAI DRILLING Corporate Office
PO Box 2248
Orcutt, California 93457-2248 USA
6430 Cat Canyon Rd
Santa Maria, California 93455 USA
Phone: 805-937-7871
Fax: 805-937-4768
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KENAI DRILLING Operations Office
2701 Patton Way
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-587-0117
Fax: 661-587-0116
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Corporate Headquarters
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, Texas 79705 USA
Phone: 432-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 432-620-0307
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Executive Offices
400 S River Rd
New Hope, PA 18938 USA
Phone: 215-862-7900
Toll Free: (800) 525-2147
Fax: 215-862-7901
___________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Permian Basin Drlg.
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 915-570-0465
_____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Four Corners Drlg.
PO Box 900
Farmington, NM 87401 USA
Phone: 505-327-4961
Fax: 505-327-4962
5651 US Hwy 64
Farmington, New Me
          The Shortwave Report Archive        

IndyRadio has streamed The Shortwave Report for 5 years. Here we have the archives of program summaries since April, 2012. 4 previous shows play in the embedded player at the BOTTOM of our weekly page. (this will be back soon.

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Programs notes (below) are from Dan Roberts at  http://www.outfarpress.com/shortwave.shtml

PROGRAM NOTES 10feb17

This weeks show features stories from RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, SPUTNIK RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN.

From GERMANY   President Trump wants to repeal the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform bill, which is very distressing to the European community. There are numerous parallels between Donald Trump and French far-right presidential candidate Marine Le Pen- she is echoing Trump's strategy of promising to bring back jobs and the steel industry.

From RUSSIA   George Galloway interviewed well-known British radio commentator James Whale. They discussed Donald Trump, not about his policies, but about his personality and phenomenon. They talk about the end of the professional politician, the similarities to the Brexit vote, and the danger of the rise of a dictator. They say that the Constitution and political systems are broken, and that the right-wing is rising out of that ruin. They agree that populism and nationalism are serious threats to democracy.

From CUBA   Following the settlement with FARC rebels, the government of Colombia and the ELN rebel army are moving forward on peace talks. Germany is going to deport newly arrived refugees to Greece. More than 180,000 migrants arrived by boat to Italy in 2016, an 18% increase from 2015. Then a Viewpoint on former Brazilian President Lula da Silva, who is under pressure to abandon his plan to run again for president next year. The Iranian President Rouhani has called on members of the non-aligned movement for action against unilateralism and extremism in the world.

From JAPAN  The Japanese Transport Minister responded to Donald Trump's remarks that Japanese trade policies are unfair. Defense authorities are proceeding with offshore work on a US military base in Okinawa despite protests including a flotilla of canoes. A new survey of damage and radioactivity in the Fukushima reactors has been suspended because of failure with robotic cameras. Japanese nuclear regulators reported that 10 of the non-operational nuclear power plants have not completed work to prevent massive inflows of rainwater.

"Critical thinking is compatible with patriotism. Amnesia is not a requirement for patriotism. We must not confuse dissent with disloyalty. When the loyal opposition dies, I think, the soul of America dies with it."
--Edward R Murrow

PROGRAM NOTES 03feb17

This weeks show features stories from SPUTNIK RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN.

From RUSSIA  On Sophie Shevardnadze's show, Sophie and Co, her guest was Ralph Nader, American activist and 6 time candidate for US president. Sophie asks him why there were such large protests even before Trump had done anything in office. Ralph thinks that Trump will do most of the things he promised during his campaign, but does not think that the protests will evolve into an all out rebellion. They discuss Trump's war with the media, and Ralph's earlier prediction that there will be a fast move to impeachment. He criticizes the 2-party system and the Electoral College.

From CUBA  Mexico has demanded that Israeli President Netanyahu apologize for praising Trump's wall plans. Lawmakers in Minnesota are pushing an anti-protest bill allowing cities to sue protestors for policing demonstrations. Then a Viewpoint on the daily protests in Argentina against President Macri and his neo-liberal policies- the country has experienced 50% inflation and widespread firings in the public sector.

From JAPAN  President Trump lashed out at Japan and China, saying that they devalue their currencies- the Japanese Prime Minister Abe rejected the criticism saying that the policy is aimed at achieving a 2% inflation target. The operators of the devastated Fukushima nuclear power plant believes it may have located molten fuel inside one of the reactors, six years after the accident. Honda and General Motors will jointly produce fuel cell systems for the next generation of eco-friendly vehicles. The Israeli government approved plans for another 3000 homes for Jewish settlers in the occupied West Bank. 1.7 million British citizens signed a petition opposing a state visit by President Trump, which Parliament will debate on February 20. UN Secretary-General Guterres has called on the international community to unite in supporting refugees. World leaders have reacted to the entry restrictions on refugees and others imposed by President Trump.

"The only difference between the Republican and Democratic parties is the velocities with which their knees hit the floor when corporations knock on their door. That's the only difference."
--Ralph Nader

PROGRAM NOTES 27jan17

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN  An Insight on the inauguration speech of Donald Trump, with emphasis on his terminology and why the speech led to protests around the world. The new UN Secretary-General Guterres called on governments and corporations to invest in sustainable forms of development. The Israeli government has approved a plan to build 2500 settlement homes in the occupied West Bank, and 560 housing units in east Jerusalem despite international condemnation of building in occupied territories.

From GERMANY  Donald Trump's chief of staff contradicted the media on the size of the crowd at the inauguration leading one of his counselors to defend the different reports as "alternative facts." Trump's first day in office was met by a wave of protests in the US and around the world. Trump signed an executive order to build the so-called wall along the Mexican border saying that US taxpayers will be reimbursed by Mexico- comments on the reaction in Mexico by the director of the Americas program of the Center for International Policy in Mexico City.

From CUBA  In Mexico widespread protests continue against the government decision to raise fuel prices by more than 20%. In Colombia FARC has announced that their new political party will be running in May. Trump has reinstated the global gag rule that bans US funding for any international health care organization that performs abortions or even provides information about abortions.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes produced a program on whistleblowers in the US. Before leaving office Obama commuted the sentence of Chelsea Manning who had turned over a huge amount of secret military and diplomatic documents to Wikileaks. Edward Snowden was not on Obama's list of pardons despite the White House receiving over a million petitions for his pardon, including one from Daniel Ellsberg. Comparisons to the outcome of the Pentagon Papers are numerous, here are some statements Ellsberg has made about Manning and Snowden.

"We were young, we were foolish, we were arrogant, but we were right." --Daniel Ellsberg

PROGRAM NOTES 20jan17

This weeks show features stories from SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, SPUTNIK RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes compiled Spanish press reviews and editorials on President-elect Trump's first press conference. 4000 US soldiers , tanks, and other military equipment have deployed to Poland, the largest military expansion along Russian borders since the end of the Cold War- the US defense budget for eastern Europe has quadrupled this year under the Obama administration. President-elect Trump said he would propose to end sanctions against Russia in return for a nuclear arms reduction deal with Moscow.

From RUSSIA  A series of press reviews. First, British politician Jeremy Corbyn is accused of being a Russian collaborator for questioning the NATO buildup on the Russian border. There was a rumor in the Sunday Times that Putin and Trump will meet in Iceland shortly after the inauguration which was denied. British selected PM Theresa May announced a schedule for implementing Brexit, but it is dependent on Northern Ireland having an assembly in place- and a leader of the Real IRA was executed on the street in Cork last month.

From CUBA  This month the US government fined a US non-profit organization, the Alliance For Responsible Policy, for arranged trips to Cuba for US citizens in 2010 and 2011. A Viewpoint on Obama's pardon of Puerto Rican independence activist Oscar Lopez Rivera- an interesting history. Numerous Americans have been calling on Obama to pardon Native American leader Leonard Peltier. Obama did commute the sentence of Chelsea Manning, the longest imprisoned whistleblower in American history.

From JAPAN  Russian President Putin said he has no reason to criticize or defend Donald Trump because he has never even met him and has no idea what policies he will implement. Japanese companies are having to rethink their business strategies with Europe in light of Brexit. Japanese electronics firm Toshiba is in a financial crisis because of huge losses in its nuclear power business in the US. International delegates studying the Israel/ Palestine conflict say a solution recognizing two states is the only way to achieve peace. French President Hollande says his country will continue military activity in the African continent, leaving 4000 troops in Mali.

"Think of the things killing us as a nation: narcotic drugs, brainless competition, dishonesty, greed, recreational sex, the pornography of violence, gambling, alcohol, and- the worst pornography of all- lives devoted to buying things, accumulation as a philosophy. All of these are addictions of dependent personalities. That is what our brand of schooling must inevitably produce. A large fraction of our total economy has grown up around providing service and counseling to inadequate people, and inadequate people are the main product of government compulsion schools." --John Taylor Gatto

PROGRAM NOTES 13jan17

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, SPUTNIK RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN  Japanese executives are worried about their businesses in Mexico if President-elect Trump conducts a review of NAFTA. Two aging nuclear reactors in New York are to be shut down by 2021. Taiwan passed a law to shut down all nuclear power generation by 2025 in favor of renewable sources. A US Navy destroyer fired warning shots at Iranian military boats in the entrance to the Persian Gulf.

From RUSSIA  George Galloway interviewed Ken Livingstone, former mayor of London. They discussed the political climate in the US and UK, why election polls are increasingly inaccurate, and the return of Tony Blair to the political scene. They describe Jeremy Corbyn, the presumed Labor candidate for Prime Minister, as the UK's Bernie Sanders. They also speculate on the future of enacting Brexit and the timing of a new PM election.

From CUBA  In Mexico thousands of people continue to take to the streets to protest the government's decision to raise fuel prices by 20%. Then a Viewpoint on the opposition party in the Venezuelan Parliament which is working to remove the elected President Maduro, which many are describing as an attempted coup. Syrian President Assad says his armed forces will fight until all of Syria is free from extremists groups, and that he would step down if a public referendum directed him to. The Pentagon has admitted that Special Forces made a raid in eastern Syria last weekend.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on plans for peace talks on the war on Syria between Syria, Russia, Iran, and Turkey. She aired President Assad's remarks on the bombing of Aleppo. Iran met with major powers to discuss the 2015 nuclear deal which Trump said he will dismantle. Israeli forces demolished homes and the only school in a village in the occupied West Bank. Alison then aired the New Years statement by the new UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on his hopes for peace.

"Here is a conclusion I've come to after many years: among all the errors we may have committed, the greatest of them all was that we believed that someone really knew something about socialism, or that someone actually knew how to build socialism."
--Fidel Castro

PROGRAM NOTES 06jan17

This weeks show features stories from SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, and SPUTNIK RADIO.

From SPAIN  Islamic State or Daesh claimed responsibility for the mass shooting on New Years in Istanbul- Turkey's President Erdogan lists many terrorists and says that Western goverments support them, which the US denies. There are protests in Mexico over steep increase in gasoline prices. Then a press review including the controversial Israeli settlement expansions on Palestinian territory which were condemned recently at the UN.

From CUBA  Cuban radio spent the beginning of this week reviewing the top international stories of 2016, here are three of them- the Parliamentary coup against Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, outside support for attempts to overthrow President Maduro of Venezuela, and reports that 2016 was the hottest year on record while President-elect Trump intends to cut funding for climate change programs. Antonio Guterres, the new Secretary General of the UN, warned that the global body faces very challenging times.

From JAPAN  A US consulting firm says the biggest risk facing the world this year is the US led by Donald Trump. A Japanese academic has questioned the wisdom of attempting to decontaminating the Fukushima region, where $25 billion have already been spent, given that the majority of former residents do not want to return to the area. Car makers are ramping up development of all-electric vehicles.

From RUSSIA  George Galloway interviewed Kim Sharif a British lawyer of Yemeni origin. The British government just admitted selling banned cluster bombs to Saudi Arabia which are being deployed in their war on Yemen. They discuss the history and current situation in Yemen which Kim describes as genocide on the part of the Saudis. She also points out how Yemen has become a dumping and breeding ground for ISIL or Daesh fighters, with the support of Britain and other western powers.

"We are not what we know but what we are willing to learn." --Mary Catherine Bateson

PROGRAM NOTES 30dec16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN   Japanese Prime Minister Abe visited Pearl harbor with US President Obama on the 75th anniversary year of the infamous attack- here is an Insight discussing the reconciliation between the nations, which included Obama's visit to Hiroshima in May- there is much speculation as to how the relationship will change under President Trump. China joined in the conversation saying that Japan should reflect deeper on its past history of invasion of many places in Asia including China. Despite strong local opposition, work has restarted to relocate a US military base in Okinawa. Japanese electronic firm Toshiba has posted a huge loss from its nuclear power operations in the US under its subsidiary company Westinghouse, partly from losses incurred at the nuclear reactors being built in Georgia and South Carolina. A private fund in Japan is providing financial assistance to young people diagnosed with thyroid cancer after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster. Japanese government consultants are suggesting that high-level nuclear waste should be stored 5000 meters below the earth surface rather than the 300 meter burial as currently planned.

From CUBA  This week RHC aired specials on their top stories of 2016. First a report on President Obama's historic visit to Cuba in March, the first US president to set foot in Cuba since 1928. In October at the UN members passed a resolution urging the US to end the crippling economic blockade against Cuba, though the sanctions remain in force today. At the age of 90, the revolutionary leader Fidel Castro died in November.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports that much discussion over immigrants is taking place in Europe following a Tunisian man who drove a truck into Christmas shoppers in Germany. Alison then reads from articles written by Patrick Cockburn and Robert Fisk on how the wars in Syria and Iraq continue to fuel these attacks, like the ones in Belgium and Paris. Fisk says that ISIL uses the attacks as a strategy to provoke attacks on muslims and encourage the far-right sentiments in Europe. Then reports on the wars in Syria, including the discovery of mass graves in rebel held areas of Aleppo, the rebels claim that they have not been defeated, and the transition of so-called moderate rebels into the ranks of Daesh.

"You are about to be told one more time that you are America's most valuable natural resource. Have you seen what they do to valuable natural resources?! Have you seen a strip mine? Have you seen a clear cut in the forest? Have you seen a polluted river? Don't ever let them call you a valuable natural resource! They're going to strip mine your soul. They're going to clear cut your best thoughts for the sake of profit unless you learn to resist, because the profit system follows the path of least resistance and following the path of least resistance is what makes the river crooked!" --Utah Phillips, to youth

PROGRAM NOTES 23dec16

This weeks show features stories from RADIO HAVANA CUBA, SPUTNIK RADIO, NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From CUBA  At the WTO Cuba argued that the US economic blockade remains practically unchanged and is the main obstacle to the economic development of the country. Ousted Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff called acting President Temer illegitimate and that the takeover was a coup. The EU and the Arab League have denounced Israel's illegal settlement activities, demanding the land grab in Palestine cease.

From RUSSIA  Afshin Rattansi interviewed members of black American musical band called The Last Poets. They talk about whether Obama changed the situation for black Americans, what a Trump presidency might mean, and the idea of pardoning Mumia abu-Jamal.

From JAPAN  The Russian ambassador to Turkey was assassinated by an off-duty Turkish policeman, in response to Russian military actions in Aleppo. Following a deadly truck attack in Berlin, many European nations have stepped up security forces to stop terror attacks. The Foreign Ministers of Russia, Iran, and Turkey have met to strategize an end to the war in Syria- the US was not invited to the talks.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on the evacuations in Aleppo which were occasionally besieged by sabotage. The UN voted to send monitors to observe the evacuation. The Syrian ambassador to the UN spoke about government support for the evacuees, criticizing the so-called rebels groups and their foreign supporters, and media distortions. Patrick Cockburn wrote a piece for the British newspaper the Independent, entitled "There Is More Propaganda Than News Coming Out Of Aleppo This Week."

"Users of cliches frequently have more sinister intentions beyond laziness and conventional thinking. Relabelling events often entails subtle changes of meaning. War produces many euphemisms, downplaying or giving verbal respectability to savagery and slaughter."
--Patrick Cockburn

PROGRAM NOTES 16dec16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPUTNIK RADIO.

From JAPAN  The UN Conference on Nuclear Disarmament opened this week in Nagasaki with participants discussing their efforts to eliminate all nuclear weapons. Antonio Guterres, former Prime Minister of Portugal, was sworn in as the new Secretary-General of the UN, replacing Ban ki-Moon. Japan has postponed a summit with China and South Korea after the South Korean parliament voted to impeach the president. Israel received the first of 50 F-35 stealth fighter jets.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes covered the evacuation and fighting in rebel held parts of eastern Aleppo. Canadian journalist Eva Bartlett spoke at the UN about the ceasefire attempts, the actual will of the Syrian people, and accused the mainstream media of lying about what is happening in Aleppo. She questions the credibility of the White Helmet organization and the British Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. She says that the agenda of the western media is regime change, despite Syrians overwhelming support for Assad

From CUBA  The EU and Cuba signed a deal to normalize political and economic relations. The Brazilian Senate passed the controversial amendment to freeze public spending to the inflation rate for the next 20 years. The Obama administration released a CIA report on Operation Condor, the 1970s covert efforts to control Latin American governments.

From RUSSIA  George Galloway interviewed Nomi Prins author of "All The Presidents Bankers." She says that the global financial crisis has not ended but merely been covered up. She says that the reason for skyrocketing debt and zero interest rates is to support a flawed and criminal financial system. The banks have gotten bigger and paid $160 billion in fines for criminal actions without anyone facing trial.

"We must reconstitute the natural world as the true terrain of politics. We must draw our standards from our natural world, heedless of ridicule, and reaffirm its denied validity. We must honor with the humility of the wise the bounds of that natural world and the mystery which lies beyond them, admitting that there is something in the order of being which evidently exceeds all our competence." --Vaclav Havel

PROGRAM NOTES 09dec16

This weeks show features stories from SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, SPUTNIK RADIO, and RADIO HAVANA CUBA.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on two significant elections in Europe this past week. The first was in Italy, where Prime Minister Matteo Renzi saw a referendum that would change the constitution rejected by voters- following that he resigned as he had promised. In Austria Green candidate Alexander Van der Bellen won the presidency, giving some relief to those worried about a complete far-right takeover of European leadership. Eurozone finance ministers are discussing Greek debt and plans to add even more austerity measures, including privatizing ports and historic sites. France has elections coming up in May, President Hollande has announced he will not seek re-election, and several right wing candidates are cuing for the leadership.

From JAPAN  Japanese and US defense chiefs have reaffirmed a desire to stay aligned despite Trump's campaign threats of changing the military relationship between the two countries. Trump reported that Japanese telecom giant SoftBank group will invest $50 billion and create 50,000 jobs in the US over the next 4 years. The foreign ministers of NATO and the EU agreed to boost defense cooperation over concerns over Trump's stance opposing their military buildups.

From RUSSIA  Afshin Rattansi's guest on Going Underground was filmmaker John Pilger whose latest release is "The Coming War On China." They discuss the 400 US military bases surrounding China as a provocative blockade building steadily for the past 6 years. In the process both China and the US have changed their nuclear weapons policies from low-alert to high-alert. Western media has avoided reporting on the largest accumulation of US air and naval forces since the second world war. Pilger describes the threats from US military bases in the Marshall Islands and Okinawa.

From CUBA  Arrests have been made in Venezuela for those accused of hacking and shutting down the banking system last week. The UN Environment program posthumously awarded assassinated Honduran activist Berta Caceres its Champion Of The Earth award. There were large protests in Brazil against plans to shut down corruption investigations. The UN General Assembly again passed a resolution calling on Israel to withdraw from Syria's Golan Heights, seized in 1967.

"We journalists have to be brave enough to defy those who seek our collusion in selling their latest bloody adventure in someone else's country. That means always challenging the official story, however patriotic that story may appear, however seductive and insidious it is. For propaganda relies on us in the media to aim its deceptions not at a far away country but at you at home. In this age of endless imperial war, the lives of countless men, women and children depend on the truth or their blood is on us. Those whose job it is to keep the record straight ought to be the voice of people, not power."
--John Pilger

 

PROGRAM NOTES 02dec16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, SPUTNIK RADIO, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN  South Korean opposition parties are pushing to impeach President Park Geun-hye despite her offer to resign before her term expires. The Japanese government plans to scrap the controversial fast-breeder nuclear reactor. Swiss voters rejected a referendum to speed up the elimination of nuclear power plants. The US military has announced that their attack on Syrian forces that ended a truce between Russian and so-called rebel forces was an unintentional human error, but will not apologize for the action.

From CUBA  The death of Fidel Castro was a primary topic in most international news sources this week. Numerous world leaders spoke at the tributes to him at ceremonies in Havana, here are summaries of what President Rafael Correa of Ecuador and Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras said. Then a Viewpoint on the key role Fidel played in exposing the crippling effect that foreign debt has had on third-world countries, leading to impoverishment and resource exploitation.

From RUSSIA  Afshin Rattansi interviewed Rob Miller, director of the Cuba Solidarity Campaign. He says that the demonization of Castro was led by the US media and US government propaganda. Billions of dollars of fines have been levied against nations and corporations for trading with Cuba, and this blockade has continued under President Obama. Miller points out that American media accused Castro of torturing Cubans while the US tortures prisoners in Guantanamo Bay prison, which Cuba considers an illegal occupation of land. He says that other Latin American nations are also targets of US media disinformation.

From SPAIN  President-elect Trump called Castro "a brutal dictator." Then Spanish press reviews covering the death of Fidel Castro, the Catalan budget which includes funding for a referendum to separate from Spain, and changes in the educational reform and opposition to the recent citizen security law, popularly known as "the gag law."

"As I have said before, the ever more sophisticated weapons piling up in the arsenals of the wealthiest and the mightiest can kill the illiterate, the ill, the poor and the hungry but they cannot kill ignorance, illnesses, poverty or hunger." --Fidel Castro, 2002

PROGRAM NOTES 25nov16

This weeks show features stories from RADIO HAVANA CUBA, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, and SPUTNIK RADIO.

From CUBA  The governments of Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador have joined forces to protect their citizens who may face deportation from the US after Trump is inaugurated. Despite a state of emergency, protests took place in Paris opposing the election of Trump and the fear of rising fascist candidates in upcoming elections in Europe. In Brazil trade unions have called for protests and a general strike in opposition to the neo-liberal agenda of President Temer. The Colombian President Santos has condemned escalating violence against human rights defenders.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on Parliament repealing controversial Spanish educational reforms that included standardized tests. Spanish arms exports have increased 400% since 2006 with much of it going to Saudi Arabia. In Turkey the government has fired another 15,000 civil servants and media outlets.

From JAPAN  Japanese Prime Minister Abe says the TPP free trade pact will be meaningless without the US involvement. At the devastated nuclear power plant in Fukushima the removal of spent nuclear fuel scheduled for 2018 has been delayed again. A cooling system at the Fukushima nuke failed temporarily following a powerful earthquake offshore. There is a move to impeach President Park Geun-hye in South Korea.

From RUSSIA  On Going Underground, Afshin Rattansi got a press review from Ben Chacko, editor of the UK's Morning Star. The Sunday Time reported that Tony Blair may return to frontline politics, The Guardian accused Venezuelan President Maduro of being a dictator, and Global Research on the calls for a clamp down on so-called "fake news."

"The state can't give you freedom, and the state can't take it away. You're born with it, like your eyes, like your ears. Freedom is something you assume, then you wait for someone to try to take it away. The degree to which you resist is the degree to which you are free." --Utah Phillips

PROGRAM NOTES 18nov16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, and SPUTNIK RADIO.

From JAPAN  The Japanese Prime Minister Abe sent a special advisor to speak with a Republican senator about Japanese government worries over President-elect Trump's policies. Major emitters of greenhouse gases have called on Trump to honor the Paris agreement on climate change. The hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica remains at the same level as the average for the past decade.

From CUBA  As President Obama tours Europe for the last time, massive protests and riots broke out in Greece. Obama asked Congress for increased war funding for fighting ISIL and Afghanistan, just days after the UN announced it is investigating US airstrikes that killed 32 mostly civilians in Afghanistan. The International Criminal Court announced that the US military and CIA may be guilty of carrying out war crimes in Afghanistan. The US has criticized a new measure by the Israeli regime to legalize illegal settlements built on Palestinian land.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on the new Colombian peace deal, Julian Assange, Chelsea Manning, and the UN conference on Climate Change being held in Morocco. In Colombia, after the peace accord referendum failed, the opposing sides met and created a new proposal to end the 55 year long war. Julian Assange faced questioning by Swedish prosecutors at the Ecuadorian embassy in London. Chelsea Manning has asked President Obama to commute her remaining sentence to the time she has already served. The UN Climate Change talks in Morocco are focusing on implementing agreements reached in Paris in light of ever increasing global temperatures.

From RUSSIA  On Going Underground, Afshin Rattansi interviewed Dr.Jill Stein, the Green presidential candidate. She disputes blame for the Trump victory, and points out why she thinks Clinton was the wrong candidate for the Democrats. She speaks about the effect Trump's climate change denial might have on the environment, but points out that he did not start bad climate policies, they have been underway for decades. She mentions recent local environmental victories and calls for a unified struggle against assaults on the climate. She says it is important to remember the Richard Nixon administration and how that drove the people to create the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and womens rights, and led to the end of the Vietnam War despite the spurious leaders in Washington.

"You know, it's a funny thing, every one of the bastards that are out for legalizing marijuana are Jewish. What the Christ is the matter with the Jews, Bob? What is the matter with them? I suppose it is because most of them are psychiatrists."
--Richard Nixon, 1971

PROGRAM NOTES 11nov16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, SPUTNIK RADIO, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN  At the Climate Change Conference in Morocco, the UN weather agency said that 2015 was the hottest year on record, emphasizing the need to immediately implement the Paris Accords. Before the election Donald Trump made threats about US military support of Japan, now the State Department is trying to dispel fears of major policy changes. People in Japan are worried about the nuclear weapon policy Trump described in his campaign. Japan, like the rest of the international press, reported on the large number of anti-Trump protests taking place in the US.

From CUBA  A review of international responses to the election of Donald Trump.

From RUSSIA  Afshin Rattansi spoke with legendary filmmaker and documentarian John Pilger on the outcome of the US elections. Pilger says the result did not surprise him. He said the liberal class wanted to maintain a corrupt war-mongering status quo, and the majority of voters sought change. He compares the shock surprise to the Brexit vote and talks about who funded each candidate. He says journalism has become an echo chamber for the establishment, and denies that Russia and Assange helped Trump to victory. He talks about the neo-conservative influence on Hillary, and the silence of the media on the expanding US involvement in wars around the world.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes covered some Spanish press and the Podemos political party responses to the unexpected Trump victory. Then she reports on Daniel Ortega's election victory in Nicaragua.

"Vietnam was as much a laboratory experiment as a war."
--John Pilger

PROGRAM NOTES 04nov16

This weeks show features stories from SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, and SPUTNIK RADIO.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on the protests in Madrid following the congressional vote allowing Mariano Rajoy to continue as Prime Minister of Spain. NATO defense ministers put into effect the biggest military buildup on Russia's borders since the Cold War. An article was published questioning whether Russia's foreign bases really a threat. At the UN demands were made that all fighting stop in Syria.

From CUBA  Two reports on the political turmoil in Venezuela, where right-wing opposition forces who want to impeach President Maduro called off a protest march and trial. Former Uruguayan President Mujica questioned the neo-liberal policies of the new Argentinian President Marci and the global growth of right-wing politicians. The recently installed government in Brazil says that the expansion of government funded social services caused the country's economic problems- and that the 20 year freeze on public spending will fix the situation.

From JAPAN  Japan will sign a deal on nuclear power technology with India, the first such deal with a country that has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The Chinese President met the Taiwan opposition leader in Beijing where they agreed on the "one China" policy- this is in contrast to the current pro-independence President of Taiwan. The Chinese Premier met with Japanese business leaders and discussed restoring bilateral ties. Japan is protesting some new Chinese gas field development in the South China Sea.

From RUSSIA  Sophie Shevarnadze interviewed Dr David Shambaugh director of the China Policy Program at George Washington University. They discussed the legacy of Obama's policies with China and Asia, and the tensions over who has rights in the South China Sea. They also covered the changing relationship between the US and the Philippines, and the Rand Corporation which released a study called "War With China: Plans for a military conflict with China."

"Any dictator would admire the uniformity and obedience of the U.S. media." --Noam Chomsky

PROGRAM NOTES 28oct16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, SPUTNIK RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN  50 non-nuclear countries at the UN General Assembly submitted a resolution calling for a treaty to ban all nuclear weapons- the US urged all NATO members to oppose the resolution, which as of press time had not come up for a vote. Philippine President Duterte spent several days in Japan after his visit to China. Japanese Prime Minister Abe made agreements with Duterte on economic and security matters, notably the conflicts in the South China Sea. Duterte wants all US troops out of the Philippines within 2 years, and warned Japan of an impending confrontation between the US and China in the South China Sea. NATO members are discussing a perceived threat of Russian military buildup adjacent to countries where NATO is increasing its military presence. Reporters Without Borders say that media freedom in Okinawa is under threat, with police removing those reporting on protests at US military bases in the prefecture- they also found US military surveillance of Japanese citizens, NGOs, and journalists. Officials have directed the burning of low-level radioactive waste starting in January to see if it is safe.

From RUSSIA  Afshin Rattansi talks about the pesticide risks to bees in Europe, the UK has banned some but not all pesticides thought to contribute to colony collapse- the German company Bayer produces most of these chemicals and is buying up Monsanto which is developing genetically-modified bees.

From CUBA  For the first time the US abstained from voting on a UN resolution calling for the lifting of the economic blockade on Cuba- the blockade has seen a few adjustments but overall remains in complete effect. Venezuelan President Maduro has accused the opposition of attempting a parliamentary coup not unlike what has happened in Brazil. Opposition to the Presidential takeover in Brazil has led to the occupation of 1000 schools in the country.

From SPAIN  The Socialists abstained from voting in Parliament, thereby allowing Mariano Rajoy to continue as Prime Minister and avoiding a third round of elections. Catalonia will hold a binding referendum on independence in 2017, while the federal government annulled the regional ban on bull fighting. In light of calls for a no-fly zone in Syria, Alison recalls the no-fly zone in Libya which led to the death of Gaddafi and, five years later, a failed state. The World Meteorological Organization reported dire levels of gases and carbon in the atmosphere, but pushed alternative energy now as a means of stopping an even more alarming future.

"Propaganda is to a democracy what the bludgeon is to a totalitarian state." --Noam Chomsky

PROGRAM NOTES 21oct16

This weeks show features stories from RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPUTNIK RADIO.

From GERMANY  German President Merkel revealed plans to more than double military spending in the coming year. Russian President Putin denied that Moscow was using cyber attacks to interfere with US presidential elections. Russia and Syria began a ceasefire in eastern Aleppo to help civilians flee the opposition held area. Leaders of Ukraine and Russia agreed to draw up a new roadmap to implement the current ceasefire in eastern Ukraine. The Iraqi government announced the start of an offensive to retake the city of Mosul. The EU has postponed a final decision on a free trade deal with Canada.

From SPAIN  In this week's Panorama Alison Hughes reports on the still undecided leader of the government in Spain, and that Artur Mas, former president of the Catalan, faces a trial for staging a symbolic independence vote in November 2014. She then reports on the siege of Mosul by Iraqi, Kurdish and Turkish soldiers with US advisers- some reports say that thousands of Daesh fighters were allowed to leave Mosul and travel to Syria in the lead up to the battle.

From CUBA  On Monday there were large demonstrations across Cuba to protest the continuation of most of the US economic blockade. In Honduras a former Deputy Minister has been arrested in connection with the murder of environmentalist Berta Caceres. Protests continue in Brazil against the neo-liberal policies being imposed by the post-coup President Temer including a 20 year freeze on public spending. A UN agency has adopted a resolution reaffirming the right of Palestinians to the al-Aqsa mosque in east Jerusalem. The New York Times reported that the Obama administration has intensified a clandestine war in Somalia with hundreds of US special operations forces and drone strikes.

From RUSSIA  On his show Going Underground, Afshin Rattansi interviewed US filmmaker Oliver Stone. Oliver's latest film, Snowden, could not find a distributor in the UK. He discusses press freedom in the UK, Pentagon and CIA influence in American media, US support of terrorists, and the current anti-Russian attitude in American politics and media.

"My father was a Republican and he hated Roosevelt. And that's sort of been the battle of my life, I think. You have to understand I grew up a Republican conservative. I hated Castro. And I put my money where my mouth was because I went to war, but I understood pretty quickly that this was another place, another culture and we would never fit in there." --Oliver Stone

PROGRAM NOTES 14oct16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPUTNIK RADIO.

From JAPAN  The US and South Korea began another round of military drills along the Korean peninsula. North Korea considered the drills a direct provocation. A Chinese fishing boat sank a South Korean coast guard boat in a dispute over territorial waters. Russia and Turkey made a deal to complete a gas pipeline between the countries for distribution to Europe, and accelerated plans to jointly build a nuclear power plant in southern Turkey- they also agreed to get humanitarian aid to the Syrian city of Aleppo.

From SPAIN  In this week's Panorama, Alison Hughes reported on the two rival resolutions on Syria at the UN Security Council, both were defeated. A leaked UN report revealed that the US and EU sanctions against Syria are causing the greatest suffering among ordinary Syrians and preventing the delivery of humanitarian aid. Saudi airstrikes on a funeral procession in Yemen killed at least 155 people- the US approved another $1.3 billion arms sale to Saudi Arabia, adding to the $22 billion in weapon sales to the Saudis since March 2015. The US blames Houthi rebels for firing missiles at a US ship in waters off the coast- as of press time, the US is firing missiles into Yemen.

From CUBA  In Colombia President Santos and FARC rebels have pledged to continue talks to complete their peace agreement despite losing support in a very close popular referendum. 20 Latin American countries met in Ecuador to work toward a legal international treaty that would hold transnational corporations accountable for human rights abuses. Answering a call from the School of the Americas Watch, hundreds of activists met on both sides of the US/Mexico border to protest a US military station and in support of migrant rights.

From RUSSIA  On his show Going Underground, Afshin Rattansi interviewed US activist Medea Benjamin. She spoke about the Israeli seizure in international waters of a boat carrying women activists, including a Nobel peace laureate, that was heading to Gaza. Congress overrode Obama's veto on the right of 911 families to sue Saudi Arabia, which may lead to lawsuits against the US government for human rights violations.

"No act is of itself either good or bad. Only its place in the order of things makes it good or bad." --Milan Kundera

PROGRAM NOTES 07oct16

This weeks show features stories from RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, SPUTNIK RADIO, and RADIO HAVANA CUBA.

From GERMANY  The UN announced that the Paris Climate Change accord had been ratified and will go into effect on November 4th. On Monday Germany celebrated its 26th anniversary of unity but there were protests against Chancellor Merkel and refugees. Hungarians voted to not accept refugees and in Poland there were protests against a proposed ban on abortions. British appointed PM Theresa May expressed her conditions for Brexit. The Turkish parliament extended the state of emergency, while a German court dropped the case against a comedian who ridiculed President Erdogan. The Syrian government demanded that rebels leave Aleppo followed by the US suspending negotiations with Russia on reviving the gutted ceasefire in Syria.

From SPAIN  One section of what Alison Hughes presented on Panorama this week was Princeton Professor Emeritus Stephen Cohen spoke on the new cold war between Russia and the US. The end of the ceasefire in Syria, which collapsed with the US bombing of Syrian troops, indicates that either the US did not want a ceasefire or that President Obama is not in control of war policy in Washington. If the US and Russia had successfully ended the fighting in Syria, the cold war would be null, and there would be no justification for the NATO buildup on the Russian border.

From RUSSIA  Three clips from Afshin Rattansi's program called Going Underground. It has been revealed that the Pentagon has paid up to $500 million to a public relations firm to create fake news reports and propaganda to entrap potential jihadists. The use of predator drones continues to escalate with increased terror threats to civilians in the countries deploying them. The BBC and American media continue promoting the cold war between the US and Russia.

From CUBA  In Honduras, the case files on the murder of environmentalist Berta Caceres have been stolen further discrediting the investigation. The failed peace referendum in Colombia has left FARC rebels saying they will fight no more, while President Santos has announced that the ceasefire ends October 31. Wikileaks will soon release 1 million documents involving 3 different nations that will influence the US election, but that there is no intention to harm Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton.

"O take heart, my brothers. Even now, with every leader & every resource & every strategy of every nation on Earth arrayed against Her - Even now, O even now, my brothers, Life is in no danger of losing the argument! - For after all, (as will be shown) She has only to change the subject." --Kenneth Patchen, "What Shall We Do Without Us?"

PROGRAM NOTES 30sep16

This weeks show features stories from RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, SPUTNIK RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN.

From GERMANY  Germany and India have committed to comply with the Paris Agreement On Climate Change. Two reports on the Russian/Syrian attacks in Aleppo on rebel forces which the US and UK said were war crimes. The US will send 600 more troops to Iraq, Turkey is extending the state of emergency, and Greece cut pensions in new austerity measures. Two mosques were fire-bombed by German xenophobes in Dresden, and French President Hollande promised to dismantle the refugee camp in Calais by the end of the year.

From RUSSIA  Afshin Rattansi interviewed Dr. Suliman Alshahmy, the founder of the Libyan stock market. The discuss NATO attacks on Libya five years ago, which were said to save civilians caught in a civil war in Benghazi. Suliman describes how the standard of living has been destroyed in the richest country in Africa, and how Gaddafi's plan to unite African currencies may have been a reason for the devastation. Suliman responds to Hillary Clinton's pride in killing Gaddafi, and the EU returning refugees from many countries to Libya.

From CUBA  On Monday the Colombian government and FARC rebels signed a historic peace deal after 4 years of negotiations in Havana. Bolivian President Evo Morales criticized the US Presidential debate as a show, saying that elected Presidents are ruled by bankers and businessmen. The Nicaraguan Vice President blasted a US congressional bill to prevent her country from getting international loans. A spokesperson for the Russian Foreign Ministry rebuked statements by the US Ambassador to the UN, Samantha Power, on Russian and Syrian attacks on rebels in Aleppo.

From JAPAN  Japan continues to call at the UN for the total abolition of nuclear weapons. The US Defense Secretary Ash Carter said the US will sustain nuclear deterrence with a $108 billion over 5 years- President Obama has approved a nuclear weapon modernization plan estimated at $1 trillion while seeking a world free of nuclear weapons. Members of the IAEA have criticized North Korea for its nuclear and missile programs. The US congress voted to override Obama's veto of a bill allowing families of victims of the 911 attacks to sue Saudi Arabia- the Saudis threatened to sell off $750 billion worth of US bonds if the bill becomes law.

"I won't be a party to a conspiracy to mobilize the Arabs against the Persians. Only the forces of colonialism benefit from such a conspiracy. I won't be a party to a conspiracy that splits Islam into two - Shiite Islam and Sunni Islam - mobilizing Sunni Islam against Shiite Islam." --Muammar Gaddafi, 2007

PROGRAM NOTES 23sep16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, SPUTNIK RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN  Outgoing UN Secretary-General Ban ki Moon is confident that the Paris agreement on global warming will go into effect soon. The Foreign Ministers of Japan, Germany, Brazil and India are calling for democratic reforms in the UN Security Council. 27% of the Japanese population is now over 65 years of age. Japan is considering permanently decommissioning its current fast-breeder nuclear reactor. China and Russian navies performed a joint landing drill in the disputed South China Sea.

From RUSSIA  Afshin Rattansi interviewed retired Colonel Lawrence Wilkerson, former Chief of Staff for Secretary of State Colin Powell. He discusses the future of warfare with Hillary Clinton as President. He goes on to say that terrorism is not a new threat, and that abandoning rapprochement with Russia is dangerous and provocative. He also criticizes the so-called velvet revolutions as morphed CIA interventions. He praises Edward Snowden and says it is unsafe for him to ever return to the US.

From CUBA  Ecuadorian President Correa warned about the existence of a new Operation Condor being perpetrated against progressive governments in Latin America. When Brazilian President Temer spoke at the UN General Assembly the delegations of 6 Latin American nations walked out in protest. Amnesty International says a US made bomb was used in an attack on Doctors Without Borders hospital in Yemen, while 4 US Senators are pushing to ban weapon sales to Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is accused of using internationally banned white phosphorous in its war on Yemen.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on migration, including the revelation that 4 war-torn countries have each produced more than one million refugees. While the US media focused all attention on pressure cooker bombs in New York city, the US led coalition bombed Syrian troops thus effectively ending a fragile ceasefire in Syria, saying it was an accident. Russia demanded an emergency UN Security Council meeting which was ridiculed by US ambassador Samantha Power.

"My party (Republican), unfortunately, is the bastion of those people, not all of them, but most of them, who are still basing their decision on race. Let me just be candid: My party is full of racists. And the real reason a considerable portion of my party wants President Obama out of the White House has nothing to do with the content of his character, nothing to do with his competence as commander-in-chief and president, and everything to do with the color of his skin. And that's despicable."
--Colonel (ret) Lawrence Wilkerson 2012

PROGRAM NOTES 16sep16

This weeks show features stories from SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reported on 911, pointing out that Congress passed a law allowing the families of the victims of the attack to sue Saudi Arabia (though Obama says he will veto the bill). Then the words of Barbara Lee, the only member of Congress who opposed giving the President authorization to use all force necessary against anyone deemed responsible for the attack. The war in Syria is a result of that authorization, called external interference by an international panel studying that war, with regime change and weapons profits as the goals.

From GERMANY  As of Wednesday night the US and Russia agreed that the ceasefire in Syria was holding. The head of the European Commission said insists that Brexit will not sink the EU which is moving forward with plans to create a combined military force. Germany closed its embassy in Turkey to avoid attacks, while China and Russia are engaged in large scale war games in the South China Sea. Philippine President Duderte wants US forces out of the south of his country. North Korea did an underground nuclear bomb test and the US flew nuclear capable bombers near the North Korean border. There is a new NATO mission in the Mediterranean Sea, and 800,000 Catalans took to the streets to demand independence.

From CUBA  Obama extended for a year trade restrictions with Cuba. Venezuela is hosting the 17th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement, with 120 nations it is the second largest international body on the planet. The former Attorney General of Brazil says he was removed in order to sink the ongoing corruption investigation, while the current legislature is considering privatizing oil and other national resources. The ACLU and activists have launched a campaign to lobby Obama to pardon government whistleblower Edward Snowden before a new president is sworn in.

From JAPAN  The UN Security Council is considering a draft resolution barring nuclear weapon explosion testing, the US is still hanging up the non-proliferation treaty, and North Korea had a rally celebrating their fifth nuclear weapon test explosion.

"The great fear that I have regarding the outcome for America of these disclosures is that nothing will change. People won't be willing to take the risks necessary to stand up and fight to change things. And in the months ahead, the years ahead, it's only going to get worse. The NSA will say that because of the crisis, the dangers that we face in the world, some new and unpredicted threat, we need more authority, we need more power, and there will be nothing the people can do at that point to oppose it. And it will be turnkey tyranny."
--Edward Snowden

PROGRAM NOTES 09sep16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, SPUTNIK RADIO, and RADIO HAVANA CUBA.

From JAPAN  After the G20 summit Japanese Prime Minister Abe and Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke together for the first time in a year, saying they would try to improve ties. The New York Times reported that Obama is likely to abandon his proposal to ban first-strike use of nuclear weapons. Obama and South Korean President Park Geun-hye agreed on the importance of deploying the advanced missile system despite Chinese opposition

From GERMANY  The German government has been criticizing the Turkish crackdown on journalists, and this increased with the Turkish seizure of DW footage this week. There was a new wave of Turkish tanks, ground forces and artillery into Syria, and Erdogan wants a no-fly zone in northern Syria. Turkish police continue to arrest more citizens suspected of involvement in the attempted coup in July. According to the UN, nearly 50 million children have been uprooted worldwide, with 28 million driven from their homes because of war.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on the migration situation in Europe. The instability in Libya has made it a hub for human trafficking mafias. The French town of Calais has seen local protests about the migrant camp, demanding it be torn down. Recent German elections saw the rise of the new far-right anti-immigrant political party, called Alternative For Germany, or AFD, which many see as the beginning of the end for Angela Merkel's rule.

From RUSSIA  George Galloway and Gayatri interviewed Dr. Juan Grigera from University College London on the shifting politics in Latin America. The leftist movement, named the pink tide, which had grown to almost every nation in South America is rapidly vanishing. Why is this happening and what does it portend?

From CUBA  Brazilians opposing the ouster of Dilma Rousseff have been facing military police repression. After the G20 summit in China Obama visited Laos where he offered some restoration funds but no apology for the years of intense bombing. Thousands staged a demonstration in the Hague against the visit by Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu.

"No great movement designed to change the world can bear to be laughed at or belittled. Mockery is a rust that corrodes all it touches." --Milan Kundera

 

PROGRAM NOTES 02sep16

This weeks show features stories from RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, and SPUTNIK RADIO

From GERMANY  The German Vice-Chancellor says that there will be no fair trade agreement between the EU and the US, though possibly one with Canada. Central European nations are urging a European army. Chancellor Merkel says that Germany can cope with the refugee crisis, while the Italian Coast Guard rescued 10,000 migrants from the Mediterranean in just 2 days. The European Commission ordered Ireland to recover 13 Billion Euros in back taxes from Apple computers. Venezuela is accusing the US and political opposition of plotting a coup against President Maduro.

From CUBA  France also announced opposition to the free trade proposal with the US, the TTIP, the TransAtlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. On Monday tens of thousands of Brazilians protested the impeachment hearing for Dilma Rousseff. Before the Brazilian senate voted on impeachment, acting President Temer cancelled a popular and effective literacy program in the country. Then on Wednesday the Senate voted to impeach suspended President Dilma Rousseff, which many describe as a farce and Parliamentary coup.

From JAPAN  Following her impeachment, Dilma Rousseff said she will be back in political office soon. Following a recent court ruling against anti-whaling group Sea Shepherd America, the Australian branch announced a new high speed patrol boat to block Japanese whaling in the Antarctic Sea. There is an international conference on the fate of blue fin tuna which are approaching critically short stocks in the Pacific Ocean- environmental groups want a total ban rather than establishing quotas. An aide to Obama reports that he will be pushing to complete the TPP free trade agreement before he leaves office since Trump and Clinton have both stated that they oppose the pact.

From SPAIN  Alison Hughes reports on the accord reached last week in Colombia, ending a war between government forces and FARC rebels. Some 220,000 people died in fighting during the last 50 years. FARC stopped fighting last summer, wants recognition as a political party, and reintegration into society. There will be a referendum in October, but some oppose any deal, including former President Uribe who is accused of creating right-wing death squads.

From RUSSIA  George Galloway and Gayatri interviewed Dr RS Karim, co-founder of a relief agency in Yemen. They discuss the under-reported Saudi led war on Yemen, which is having its people and infrastructure devastated by an enormous wealth of weapons sold by the US, the UK, and France.

"Why do they say I hate my country? And what does that even mean? Am I supposed to hate my town, am I supposed to hate all English people, or my government? And if I do hate my government, does that mean I hate my country? It's a democratic duty to criticize the government."
--Ken Loach, director "The Wind That Shakes The Barley"

PROGRAM NOTES 26aug16

This weeks show features stories from NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN, RADIO DEUTSCHE-WELLE, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, and SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO.

From JAPAN  North Korea launched a ballistic missile from a submarine into the Sea of Japan in protest of US/South Korean military exercises. Japanese self-defense forces have begun tr

                  

          What the Amelia Earhart History-Changing Photograph Says about the Power of Photography        


I've been thinking all day about the newly uncovered photograph of Amelia Earhart and its upending of history, telling us she indeed survived that dive her plane apparently took into the Pacific Ocean in 1937.

We're told the photograph has not been altered - was found in a long-neglected file - and it coincides with what people who live in the Marshall Islands have long believed and having been saying. Experts have said her body proportions - from shoulder to hip - match photos we already have of Earhart.  That seems like more than enough for me to think this photograph has changed history.

But we already knew what the island inhabitants believed.  So the essence of this upending is that we believe the photograph is bonafide.  Were it not, it wouldn't matter what the experts said about the body dimensions, because all of that could have been deliberately woven into the photograph.

In this day and age of fake news, photo manipulation is a fact of life and media.   But that goes back to the very origins of photograph, as I explain in Fake News in Real Context.  Lincoln was a subject of photographic manipulation, during his life and after.

But the photo of Amelia Earhart, as far the experts tell us and therefore as far as we know, has not been manipulated.   Alteration of pre-digital photographs may not be as detectible as digital fakes, but, for the time being, I'm willing to believe the experts.

I won't be shocked if the photo turns out to be bogus.  But for now, I just love that 80 years of history has been changed by one registration on a photographic plate.  I've argued for years with critics who say a photo is no more real in the objects its captures than a painting.  But it obviously is.  Though it can be altered, its very essence is a capturing of what is in front of the camera as it actually is - unlike the painter's inextricably subjective vision - just like motion pictures and videos.  (See my 1997 book, The Soft Edge: A Natural History and Future of the Information Revolution, for more).   Today's news about Amelia Earhart, and the repercussions it has made for history, will from now on be the best example of this privileged relationship between photography and reality.



          Keindahan Alam Negara Kecil di Dunia        
Berikut adalah 17 negara yang paling kecil (dilihat dari luas area), mulai dari yang terkecil sampai terluas. Masing – masing negara ini mempunyai luas tidak lebih dari 200 mil persegi. Jika kita menggabungkan luas negara yang ada dalam list ini, kita Cuma akan mendapatkan sebuah negara yang sedikit lebih luas dari Rhode Island. Bahkan Singapore negara tetangga kita masih lebih besar dari daftar yang ada dibawah ini (Singapore mempunyai luas 246 mil persegi)!


Vatican City - 0,2 mil persegi – Merupakan negara berdault yang
paling kecil di dunia. Vatican hanya mempunyai populasi sebanyak 770
orang, dan tidak ada yang merupakan permanent resident (warga negara
tetap). Negara kecil yang dikelilingi oleh St. Peter’s Basilica ini
merupakan Pusat Spiritual bagi umat Katholik Roma.



Monaco – 0,7 mil persegi – Negara mungil ini terhampar sepanjang
pantai mediterania Perancis. Monaco dihuni sekitar 32.000 warganya.
Negara ini juga terkenal dengan Casino Monte Carlo dan Princesss Grace.
Negara ini telah berdiri sebagai sebuah negara merdeka sejak abad ke 13.


Nauru – 8,5 mil persegi – Sekitar 13.000 warganya sangat
bergantung kepada deposit fosfat yang semakin hari semakin menyusut.
Negara ini merdeka pada tahun 1968 dan sebelumnya dikenal sebagai
Pleasant Island.


Tuvalu – 9 mil persegi – Tuvalu terdiri dari susunan 9 karang
sepanjang rantai karang yang terdapat di Polynesia. Negara ini merdeka
pada tahun 1978 dan dihuni sekitar 12.000 warga.


San Marino – 24 mil persegi – terletak di gunung Titano sebelah
utara Italia, San Marino mempunyai 29.000 penduduk. Negara yang
mengklaim sebagai negara tertua di Eropa ini, telah berdiri sejak abad
ke 4.


Liechtenstein – 62 mil persegi – Berpenduduk sekitar 34.000 jiwa, negara ‘mikro’ ini terletak di Sungai Rhine antara Switzerland dan Austria.


Marshall Islands – 70 mil persegi – Mendapatkan kemerdekaan pada
tahun 1986 setelah resmi memisahkan diri dari Pasific Island (yang
termasuk dalam wilayah Amerika Serikat). Negara ini berpenduduk 58.000
jiwa.


Saint Kitts and Nevis – 104 mil persegi – Negara yang terletak
di kepulauan Karibia ini mendapatkan kemerdekaan pada tahun 1983 dan
mempunyai warga negara sebesar 39.000 jiwa.


Seychelles – 107 mil persegi – 81.000 penduduk yang tinggal di
negara kepulauan di Samudra Hindia ini telah merdeka dari Inggris sejak
tahun 1976.


Maldives – 115 mil persegi – Terletak di Samudra Hindia, negara
ini mendapatkan kemerdekaan dari Inggris pada tahun 1965 dan dihuni
oleh 340.000 jiwa.


Malta – 122 mil persegi – Negara ini terletak di sebelah selatan
pulau Sicilia Italia. Merdeka pada tahun 1964 dari Inggris dan memiliki
400.000 penduduk.


Grenada – 133 mil persegi – Terletak dekat sekali dengan
Venezuela, negara ini merdeka pada tahun 1974 dari Inggris dengan
populasi penduduk berjumlah 90.000 jiwa.


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – 150 mil persegi – 117.000
jiwa menghuni negara yang terletak di Kepulauan Karibia ini. Negara ini
mendapatkan kemerdekaan dari Inggris pada tahun 1979.


Barbados – 166 mil persegi – Merdeka dari inggris pada tahun 1966 dan dihuni sekitar 280.000 jiwa dan terletak di Kepulauan Karibia.


Antigua and Barbuda – 171 mil persegi – Bangsa Karibia yang
berjumlah 69.000 jiwa ini merdeka dari Inggris pada tahun 1981. Tiga
pulau indah yang menjadi wilayah negara ini, menjadi andalan pemasukan
negara dari sektor pariwisata.


Andorra – 180 mil persegi – berpenduduk sekitar 70.000 jiwa, dan merdeka dari Perancis pada tahun 1278.


Palau – 191 mil persegi – Palau dikenal juga dengan nama Belau,
sebelumnya bernama Carolines. Terdiri dari 200 gugusan pulau dengan
populasi sebanyak 20.000 jiwa. Palau mendeka sejak tahun 1994.

          Republic of Marshall Islands v. United States (9th Cir. - July 31, 2017)        
This morning brings a very good example of a lawsuit with a zero percent probability of success.  Zero.  As anyone with any knowledge of the underlying subject matter -- despite it being allegedly "complex" -- would well know:

"Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (the “Treaty” or the “Non-Proliferation Treaty”) . . . calls on each party to the Treaty “to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures” to end the nuclear arms race and accomplish nuclear disarmament.   Armed with Article VI, one of the treaty parties, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, filed suit, asking the federal court to declare the United States in breach of its treaty obligations and to order the United States to engage in good-faith negotiations."

Uh, dude.  To state the facts of the case is pretty much all I need to know in order to tell you how it's going to come out.

But lest you take it from me, here's how the Ninth Circuit summarizes things:

"These claims are nonjusticiable -- Article VI is not directly enforceable in federal court, the Marshall Islands’ asserted injuries are not redressable, and the claims raise nonjusticiable political questions.  At bottom, the suit is doomed because diplomatic negotiations among parties to this Treaty fall quintessentially within the realm of the executive, not the judiciary. Parleying a halt to the nuclear arms race and achieving nuclear disarmament involve decision-making delegated to the political branches. We affirm the district court’s dismissal of the complaint. Asking the federal court to order the United States to negotiate in “good faith” on “effective measures” for nuclear disarmament puts the judiciary in the role of nanny to the executive. Under our system of separation of powers, the federal court cannot give the Marshall Islands the judicial relief it seeks."

And that's even from an author (Judge McKeown) who's probably generally somewhat sympathetic to the plaintiff's cause.

In short, no, you're not going to win this lawsuit.  No chance.  Zero.

          Surveys seek input on needs and resources for biodiversity data in the Pacific Islands        

To help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme, GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands—two stakeholder groups critical to the programme’s long-term success.

Data holders need resources and incentives to distribute the many types of information that they steward. Available in English and French, this survey seeks to understand the financial or technical challenges that data holders in the Pacific Islands face in sharing data and its use in research and policy.

Decision makers depend on high-quality biodiversity information to support planning and policy and to encourage world-class research. The second survey (also available in English and French versions) seeks insights into how well the information needs of decision makers in the Pacific Islands are currently served.

We invite those interested in responding to take the 12- and 13-question, 20-minute surveys, and also to share them with their contacts and networks. Wider distribution will help us gain a deeper, more practical understanding of how BID can best support data mobilization and use across the Pacific.

Those respondents who may lack sufficiently reliable Internet connectivity may download and fill out 'offline' versions of the appropriate survey in Microsoft Word:

GBIF expects to issue a call for proposals led by organizations from the ACP countries in the Pacific Islands in late August or early September 2016. Potential grantseekers can sign up to receive updates via email or visit the BID grantseekers’ site for more information as it becomes available.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

Images 
Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. Photo by Nick Hobgood.

Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. 2014 CC BY-NC Nick Hobgood https://flic.kr/p/puxsk5

Content GBits 

GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands to help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme.

GBIF area 
Data use 
Programme 
Organizations 
Content stream 
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          Capitol Women        

The 2017 East-West Center #galswithLEI (Leadership, Entrepreneurship and Inspriration) Forum keynote panel, featuring current and former elected women leaders:
-Dame Jenny Shipley, former Prime Minister of New Zealand
-Hilda Heine, President of the Marshall Islands
-Patricia Saiki, former U.S. Representative from Hawai‘i
-Beth Fukumoto, Hawai‘i House of Representatives
Moderator: Amanda Ellis, Special Adviser, East-West Center and Former New Zealand Head of Mission and Ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva.
Recorded at the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawai‘i
June 29, 2017

Cast: East-West Center

Tags: Hilda Heine, Patricia Saiki, Amanda Ellis, Beth Fukumoto, wome leaders, leadership, New Zealand, Marshall Islands, Hawaii and Jenny Shipley


          Merry Christmas        

It feels like there isn't anything to tell you because we talked about it all on Christmas! Which was AWESOME. I can't even begin to tell you guys how awesome you are and how much i love each of you! It was so fun to see all your smiling faces, and made me super excited to come home!(: 2 1/2 weeks! AHH!!!(:

This week was way good though! Christmas was fun! We went to members, less actives, and non-members. It was interesting to see the different way each celebrate Christmas. It was a good Christmas gift because it showed me how grateful I am for my family and what I want my family to be in the future! It was an awesome Christmas.. And very interesting. But I am grateful the Lord has funny ways of showing things to us! haha!

NICHOLAS GOT B APTIZED! It was an awesome baptism. 1st of all he almost gave me a heart attack! we lost our phone last week and haven't gotten a new one yet! So we went to the baptism praying that he would come. We get to the chapel at 10:45 the baptism was at 11... so we wait.. 11.. not there. 1115... not there.. 1130.. not there... after have a freak out.. at 1145, he came! And it turned out to be an awesome service. When he shared his testimony he was talking about all of his doubts he had, and then before he could even ask us, we would answer them. Missionary power. He talked about how he still h ad doubts, and when he prayed about them, that all went away! It was awesome, and of course had me in tears b y the end!(:

Sunday we had 2 farewells... and elder who will be serving in Fiji and a sister who is going to Marshall islands. The sister her name is Janet.. haha! She has been someone who has gone with us ALOT! She has taught me ALOT! She has kinda been like a big sister to me! I am going to miss her a lot! But as they shared their testimonies, it reminded me of when I started my mission. Almost a year and a half ago! haha... But, it made me realize how awesome this has all been. I am not going to get all sad and stuff, I'll save that for my last email, but I will say, as I look back, this has been the most amazing thing I have ever ever done in my life. And I am so beyond grateful for it! It has been a blessing because I have seen so many blessings! Heavenly Father is real and does love each and every one of us. And as I come to my last 2 weeks.... I am going to make sure everyone knows that!(:

I love you all so so so much! Thanks for being an awesome family who raised me in this wonderful gospel. I can't even tell you how much blessings have come to all of us because of it! Heavenly Father loves us! And i know he loves you! So as you start this New Year, don't forget that! Have fun, be you and do all you can to be just a little better! Because thats all He asks of us! Talk to you all in 2015!(; haha!

LOLOMA LEVU!
Sister Rich

          Community Event        
Name * What would you like to invite the community to? (Ballet performance, rugby game, chess tournament, piano recital, etc...) * Wanna give some more details? Date/Time * Where will it be held? * AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiComorosCongo (Brazzaville)CongoCosta RicaCote d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEast Timor (Timor Timur)EcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGabonGambia, TheGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, NorthKorea, SouthKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepaNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint VincentSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbia and MontenegroSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVenezuelaVietnamYemenZambiaZimbabwe Website Upload Flyer or Photo (optional) Prev Next Submit
          Encuentra personas mdiante su telefono y el GPS        
A continuacion les presentamos esta innovacion para localizar gente mediante la señal del celular y un GPS. Gracias a www.trackapartner.com

Debes poner el pais y el numero de telefono con el codigo de la ciudad...


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THE USE OF THIS SYSTEM IS FOR INFORMATIVE PURPOSES ONLY, WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS ABUSE BY THE USER.
Welcome to Satellite Tracking
GSM mobile phone tracking system via the GPS-TRACK satellite network
Based on repeater triangulation, the system tracks mobile phones using GPS and GSM technology
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25 meters (max.) for mobile phones in the U.S.A., South America and Canada.
50 meters (max.) for mobile phones elsewhere.
This system will not work in countries without GSM technology networks.

          The History Channel Gets A History Lesson        
Blogger discredits claim Amelia Earhart was taken prisoner by Japan Claims made in a US documentary that the pioneering aviator Amelia Earhart crash-landed on the Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean and was taken prisoner by the Japanese appear to have been proved false by a photograph unearthed in a travel book. The History Channel […]
          Small island nation calls on nuclear powers to disarm        

Sometime this year, the International Court of Justice is expected to hear a true David-and-Goliath challenge to the world’s nuclear powers. The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), a tiny Pacific Ocean nation of 68,000 people where some 67 U.S. nuclear bomb tests were conducted between 1946 and 1958, last year filed lawsuits with the […]
          Battle on Kwajalein: First foothold in the Pacific        
The U.S. Army, Pacific historian's office conducted a virtual staff ride to Kwajalein Atoll July 23 as part of Commanding General Lt. Gen. Benjamin R. Mixon's year-long Senior Leadership Development Program. He and the senior staff were whisked back to early February 1944 for the U.S. invasion of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands and the attendant lessons learned.
          OSCAR SUBMISSION PREDICTIONS 2015-2016, MACEDONIA to ROMANIA (Pt. 4 of 5)        
UPDATE 13-AUG-2015: The Paraguayans are coming! Paraguay announced that they will enter the Oscar race for the first time in 2015. They'll announce their Oscar pick on Saturday, August 29th. 

And here's Group Four, including many of Oscar's smaller and more obscure countries. Only two of them (Netherlands and Poland) have ever won the Oscar and only a few more (Mexico, Norway and Palestine) have gotten multiple nominations.

1. MACEDONIA- "The Liberation of Skopje"  I visited Macedonia on vacation in May and it was wonderful. FYI, it should not be called FYROM unless you are a slave to the foreign policy of The Former Euro Republic of Greece. Despite some political turmoil (there were protests to bring down the government while I was there), the Macedonians have about a half dozen films to choose from this year. I predict they’ll send “The Liberation of Skopje” directed by and starring Serbian actor Rade Å erbedžija (“Mission Impossible 2”, “Harry Potter 7”, “24” etc.) who recently acquired Macedonian citizenship. Based on a beloved Yugoslavian play, it’s about WWII Macedonia seen through the eyes of an 8-year old boy. It hasn’t premiered yet, but the Macedonians often get their Oscar submissions screened at the very last minute. This has happened three out of the past four years. If "Liberation" doesn’t premiere in time, count on a victory for “Honey Night” by Ivo Trajkov (who repped Macedonia twice in 2004 and 2009) which kicked off the Skopje International Film Festival in April. Taking place on a single night during the early days of independence, it’s a marital drama with political overtones. A wire-tapping subplot in the film has coincided with a real-life government wiretapping scandal so things may also depend on who’s in power when the Macedonians make  their decision this summer! Less likely: “Children of the Sun”, a love story set against the background of an organized crime gang; it won Best Film at the Macedonian Film Festival in Toronto. Unlikely: psychological thriller “Three Days in September” and “Lazar”, about an ex-con trying to go straight. Macedonia tends to like period dramas, so if "Liberation" gets released, it's pretty much a sure thing. 

2. MALAYSIA- "Ophilia" Malaysia has only sent one film in the past ten years (action-thriller “Bunohan”) and they don’t have any standout films that would make me believe they’d enter again this year. Among the possibilities they do have are UFO-chasing comedy “Nova” (winner of the ASEAN International Film Festival) and ghost-chasing comedy “Men Who Save the World” (Busan, Locarno), which treads some tricky racial lines with its plot (I haven’t seen it, but it's about a group of Malay villagers who think there is a black ghost haunting the village), as well as gangland crime drama “Ophilia” and sentimental romance “Pilot Café”. I don’t see any of them as likely. Prediction: they send nothing, but if they send anything it will be “Ophilia”, followed by “Men Who Save the World”.

3. MALTA- "Do Re Mi" Malta joined the Oscar race for the first time last year with sea tragedy “Simshar”. I’ve only seen one Maltese film in my life and it was terrible (“Kont diga”) but I look forward to seeing "Simshar" and others. Tiny Malta is a popular filming location for European and Hollywood productions but the indigenous film industry is tiny, and the bilingual islands produce many of their films in English. Their only option this year is the intriguing “Do Re Mi Fa”, about the disturbing and lonely lives of four people- an aging actress, an arrogant radio DJ, a career-driven TV employee and a pedophile clown who performs at children’s parties. It’s in both Maltese and English and I’m not sure if it is over 50% in Maltese. But it’s Malta’s only shot.

4. MAURITANIA- Nothing eligible. Last year, Mauritania submitted Abderrahmane Sissako’s brilliant “Timbuktu”, garnering a nomination for the poor, French-speaking North African country. Although they deserved to win the award, they were passed over by a dreary film from Poland, possibly because it mentioned the Holocaust. Other than M. Sissako, Mauritania has no cinematic tradition and even M. Sissako himself is a French citizen who spent much of his life in Mali, where the film “Timbuktu” takes place. Interestingly enough, “Timbuktu” dominated this year’s French Cesar Awards because France considered the film to be wholly French with minimal Mauritanian input. I’m happy that AMPAS has loosened up the rules to allow films like “Timbuktu” to compete. But it’s highly unlikely Mauritania will be back until M. Sissako makes a new movie. He doesn’t have one this year so nothing is eligible.

5. MEXICO- "Desierto" The big problem with Mexico this year is that it is so difficult to know what is eligible. Will new festival films like “The Chosen Ones” (Las eligidas) from Cannes and “Carmin tropical” be released in Mexico, or will they be eligible next year? Will bilingual films like “600 Miles” (with Tim Roth) and US-coproduction “Desierto” (with Gael Garcia Bernal) contain enough Spanish to qualify? And most importantly, what will Mexico do with “The Perfect Dictatorship”? The political satire was a major critical and financial success in Mexico last year. It was submitted last year for the Oscars and was sent to the Goyas but it didn’t release at home until October 2014. Could it be reconsidered a second time? Assuming it was eligible, I think “The Perfect Dictatorship” could win this easily. However, I doubt Mexico will allow the film to have “two bites of the apple”, as we say in the USA (I heard vampire movie “Let the Right One In” tried this strategy in Sweden a few years back; Sweden said NO). So, with “Dictatorship” and this year’s Goya winner- slacker comedy “Gueros”- not eligible (“Gueros” was also submitted last year though it didn’t open wide until 2015), Mexico’s choices are a bit thinner, but they still have half a dozen worthy contenders. In fact, I think seven films are in with a chance, namely (in alphabetical order): “Carmin tropical”, “The Chosen Ones” (Las eligidas), “The Dark Springs” (Las oscuras primaveras), “Desierto”, “One for the Road” (En el último trago), “The Thin Yellow Line” (La Delgada Línea Amarilla) and “La tirisia” (aka "Perpetual Sadness"). Mexico’s longlist usually has about twenty films, so you can also expect to see LGBT anthology “Four Moons” (Cuatro Lunas), documentary “Echo of the Mountain” (Eco de la montaña) and Beijing Film Festival winner “Beginning of Time” (El Comienzo del Tiempo) but they won’t really compete for the Oscars. So, which one will Mexico pick? If you exclude last year’s biopic “Cantinflas”, Mexico likes their films grim, depressing and hopeless. That bodes well for “The Chosen Ones” and “Desierto”. “The Chosen Ones” (Cannes) focuses on a group of poor women who are kidnapped by a gang and forced into a life of sexual slavery/prostitution. “Desierto” (Toronto 2015), which I am told is mostly in Spanish, focuses on the U.S. border (the subject of their 2009, 2011 and 2013 submissions). Gael Garcia Bernal leads a group trying to crossover to the US, while escaping a fanatical American vigilante who takes the law into his own hands. It’s the sophomore effort of Jonas Cuaron (son of Oscar winner Alfonso). It seems likely the more exciting “Desierto” may go to the Oscars while the more arty “Chosen Ones” will go to the Goyas. In third place, “Thin Yellow Line”, starring Oscar nominee Damian Alcazar and produced by Oscar nominee Guillermo del Toro, about a group of workmen doing manual labor on a highway. In fourth place, “Carmin Tropical”, a mystery about a transsexual woman who returns to her hometown and becomes involved with solving the murder of another trans friend of hers. I would love to predict boisterous comedy “One for the Road” (which would probably do very well with AMPAS), about a group of 80-something friends who go on a road trip to fulfill their friend’s last wish, but the humorless Mexican Academy will be immune to its charms. I place it fifth. Not every likes erotic drama "Dark Springs" and the well-reviewed "La tirisia" (Karlovy Vary) may be too small to represent Mexico. 

6. MOLDOVA, a small Romanian-speaking republic in Eastern Europe, began submitting films to the Oscars two years ago. Last year they had two eligible films (“What A Wonderful World” and Oscar submission “The Unsaved”) but this year I think they have none. Not to worry as this year has seen a lot of positive developments. Last year, a new film law was passed slashing Soviet-era red tape and making it easier for filmmakers to get government funding. A National Film Center is due to be established this year. The Moldovans had a short student film at Cannes (“Echoes”) which competed in a Romanian sidebar, and an interesting new project (“How Far is Europe?) was pitched at Tallinn Black Nights. Moldovan filmmakers were also invited to participate alongside their Romanian counterparts at training workshops at the Transylvanian Film Festival. I think Moldova will be out of luck in 2015 but expect them back next year.

7. MONGOLIA- "Khuden" (Mist) Mongolia has been absent from the Oscar race for a decade despite a small but growing film industry. The movie "Father" (Aav), which opened in May, was the big winner at the Mongolian Film Awards this year, winning Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor. It appears to be about a gangster raising a young daughter, but I'm not really sure. More likely to have the English subtitles required to send the film to the Oscars is “Huden” (Mist), which appears to be some sort of thriller about a rural family involved in a murder. It opened the Ulaanbaatar Film Festival but only managed a single win (Best Supporting Actress) at the Mongolian Oscars. There's also “Tutu”, about an aspiring ballet dancer who gets involved in political intrigue after returning home from her studies in Russia. None of these really look like a suitable Oscar contender…But I’d give the edge to “Khuden”. 

8. MONTENEGRO- "Gorcilo" Montenegro was the smallest of the former Yugoslav republics. This seaside country of less than a million people first entered the Oscar race in 2013 and again in 2014, sending crime thrillers both times. Their next Oscar submission will probably be “Time Between Us”, a drama set amidst the closing days of World War II, when a father is searching for his (presumed dead) son. It won financing from the Montenegrin government and the Sarajevo Film Festival. It's not scheduled to be released until 2016. This year, I only know of one Montenegrin film that has actually been released- culture clash comedy “Gorcilo”, about a new road that connects a remote village to the city- but reviews have not been great and I'm not sure Montenegro will think enough of it to send it in. We'll see! 

9. MOROCCO- "Fevers" Morocco is one of only three regular participants from Africa (alongside Egypt and South Africa). Like the country itself, Moroccan films are a mix of French and Arabic influences with very little from what the world thinks of as African. The hardest thing about predicting Morocco is that movies often sit on the shelf for months or even years before being released in local cinemas. For example, “Le sac de farine” (starring Hiam Abbass) premiered at the Tangier Film Festival in January 2012, but didn’t get a national release until April 2014. Neither last year’s winner at the Moroccan Film Festival (“Sotto Voce”) nor this year’s winner (“The Narrow Frame of Midnight”) seem to have been released in Moroccan cinemas (nor was my prediction last year, “Adios Carmen”), although any could conceivably get a summer release. My prediction this year is “Fevers”, winner of Best Picture at the FESPACO Film Festival of African Cinema and also the Moroccan representative in Abu Dhabi. It’s the story of a troubled Moroccan teenager sent to live with his father in France after his mother is sent to jail. The Moroccan Academy is often inclined to send movies about social issues, especially troubled youth. It appears to have gotten a limited release in Morocco last fall. If the Moroccan Academy doesn’t go for “Fevers”, there are a trio of strong contenders. The aforementioned “The Narrow Frame of Midnight” won Best Picture at the National Festival of Film in 2015, and also played at Dubai and Toronto. This moody story of a girl on the run from a gang of kidnappers has Danny Glover as a celebrity producer, but poor reviews outside of Morocco. “Blind Musicians” was the only Moroccan film in the main competition at the Marrakech Film Festival. Set in the 1970s, it features a father-son team during a time when blind musicians were often hired to perform at events for women. Last, there’s “Adios Carmen” (which I predicted last year), about the relationship between a young boy and a Spanish emigree living in Morocco in the 1970s. A possible dark horse is the upcoming 1970s drama “Other Side of the Sky” revolving around a poet and a bank robbery, which won Best Screenplay at the Moroccan Film Festival. Two well-made movies about prostitution- “Pillow Secrets” and “Grains de grenade”- will probably be too controversial, as will the banned “Much Loved” by Nabil Ayouch (also about prostitution) and “The Sea Behind” (transgenders). I bet on “Fevers”, with “Blind Musicians” as runner-up.

10. NEPAL- "Talakjung vs. Tulke" Nepal closed all its cinemas and canceled all film shoots for nearly two months after the April 2015 earthquake while the country was in mourning. That effectively puts the country at a bit of a disadvantage this year. However, the Oscars present Nepal with an excellent opportunity to promote new talent in their film industry. This year, I see two front-runners: “Bhimdatta” is a historical biopic of a renowned peasant revolutionary (though that may be too political). “Talakjung vs. Tulke” is a story of revenge and caste differences, set during the Nepali Civil War in the late 1990s. I don’t know much about the Nepali film industry, but dark horses could also include “Chankhe, Shankhe, Pankhe”, an expensive Bollywood-style comedy, orphanage drama “Highway to Dhampus” (which has good reviews but an American director and lots of English), and the unusual “Love You Baba”, which recently entered the Guinness Book of World Records for its youngest-ever 8-year old director Saugat Bista. I predict “Talakjung vs. Tulke” will represent the ex-Kingdom at this year’s Oscars, unless there’s a strong late release I don’t know about.

11. THE NETHERLANDS- "The Surprise" Lately, the Dutch seem to be specializing mostly in family films (as they always have) and comedies. Their two major national film prizes were awarded to somewhat strange choices this year. The Golden Calf for Best Picture went to “How to Avoid Everything” (known in Dutch as “Aanmodderfakker”….Try and say it out loud), a comedy about a 32-year old slacker who falls for a teenage babysitter. The Rembrandt Award for Best Picture went to “Vipers Nest 2”, a comedy sequel based on a TV show about a group of rich, trashy women. I’m not saying either of these are bad films (“Aanmodderfakker” looks quite entertaining), but they’re not the sort of film that will get anywhere with AMPAS. For Oscar, I think the Netherlands will choose either big-budget 16th century action movie “Admiral”, co-starring Rutger Hauer and Charles Dance (“Game of Thrones”), or “The Surprise”, this year's best comedy about suicide. The Netherlands last won an Oscar in 1997/1998 for 38-year old Mike van Diem’s feature film debut, “Character”. Despite his big Oscar success, van Diem never did direct another movie....until now. “The Surprise” is about a depressed millionaire who signs a contract to end his life. When he falls in love with a suicidal woman who signed the same agreement, they both find it’s difficult to get out of the deal. The sheer size and scale of seafaring drama “Admiral” means it’s probably going to get in, but I’m predicting a surprise for “The Surprise”. In third place: I would love to see this go to “Schneider vs. Bax”, a black comedy about a hit man encountering a bizarre series of problems getting his latest job done. Director Alex van Warmerdam did “Borgman”, which I loved. Rounding out the Top Five choices for Holland: #4- “Prince”, a drama-thriller about an Arab-Dutch teen who seeks to impress a pretty Dutch girl already engaged to a gangster. It won a special award for youth film in Berlin, and #5-  â€œZurich”, about a young widow who discovers her husband had a second family. Less likely: music biopic “Blood, Sweat and Tears” (aka “Andre Hazes”) got great reviews but will probably be too local to be selected and the Serbian-language “The Sky Above Us" may not be considered Dutch enough. 

12. NEW ZEALAND- Nothing eligible. New Zealand has sent films in indigenous Pacific languages three of the past four years. This year, I don’t they have anything eligible in a foreign language. The only Maori film I’ve been able to find information about in 2015 was a 15-minute short comedy called “Ow What!”. That may change next year with the release of crowd-funded Maori tale “The Patriarch” (in English and Maori). But for this year, I just don’t think the Kiwis have anything to send.

13. NICARAGUA- "The Naked Screen" (La pantalla desnuda) Nicaragua rarely produces feature films, but French expatriate director Florence Jaugey made “La Yuma” in 2010, which was a major hit and which was their first Oscar submission in 22 years. This year, Jaugey is back with “The Naked Screen” (La Pantalla Desnuda), a topical drama about a teenage girl whose boyfriend pressures her into making a sexual video on his camera-phone, which is then stolen by a kid from the neighborhood. “Screen” hasn’t been as strongly received as “La Yuma”, but it looks interesting and is probably their only eligible film.

14. NORWAY- "The Wave" Norway traditionally releases a three-film shortlist before selecting their national nominee. This hasn’t been a particularly strong year for Norwegian cinema and I predict the Norwegian shortlist will be: incest drama “Homesick”, disaster thriller “The Wave” and upcoming revenge psychodrama "The Doll in the Ceiling" (aka "The Good Sister"). Comedy "The Wendy Effect" opens right before the deadline and could also make the list if it's good, as could cancer drama "All the Beauty" if it gets released (though it probably won't). Last year, the Norwegians selected “1000 Grams” which opened right before the deadline and which nobody had seen or heard of. Probably out-of-luck:  action-thriller “Haram”, about the country’s Pakistani immigrant community, family adventure “Operation Arctic”, about siblings trapped in a winter storm in remote Svalbard, and “Returning Home”, about two former soldiers searching for their missing father. I’m predicting upcoming “The Wave” a large-scale disaster movie about a real-life series of landslides and tidal waves that terrorized village communities 1934 Norway. “Homesick”, about romantic chemistry between two long-separated half-siblings may be too “icky”, "Doll" too small-scale, and comedy “Wendy Effect” a bit too silly. Norway's last Oscar nominee was the big "Kon-Tiki" so â€œThe Wave” should be able to win this easily.


15. PAKISTAN- "Moor" Pakistan has been seeing a definite cinematic revival in recent years so it appears likely they’ll continue sending films after returning to the Oscars in 2013 after a 50-year break. This year, I feel confident they will send “Moor”, a drama set in the ethnic minority province of Baluchistan. Though the plot doesn’t sound too exciting (the decline of the railways industry in Baluchistan), it is said to be beautifully shot and tells the story from a very human perspective. It’s set to be released on Pakistani Independence Day in August.  The Pakistanis have several other options. The three biggest challengers are high-octane action drama “Yalghaar”, about a famed anti-terrorist operation, poet biopic “Main Manto” and “Ho Mann Jahan” (September, a more contemporary story with strong word-of-mouth, about three friends trying to make it in the music industry. Oscar winner Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy is a question mark. She won Best Documentary Short in 2012 and released her first feature film this year- a popular 3D animated film for children called “Bahadur”. Obaid-Chinoy has chaired Pakistan's Oscar selection committee for the past two years. Will that mean anything? Despite good box-office and local reviews, it’s very much a children’s film so I’m hoping one of the more serious films gets the nod. Obaid-Chinoy’s documentary background may also make them consider “Beyond the Heights”, about the first Pakistani woman to climb Mount Everest. There are also three strong dramas with no release date: “Hijrat”, a love story set on the Afghan-Pakistan border, cricket biopic “Kaptaan” and most importantly patriotic  drama “Saya-e-Khudaya e Zuljalal”, repeatedly delayed since last year. In conclusion, I’m still feeling very good about “Moor”’s chances, with “Ho Mann Jahan" its main challenger.

16. PALESTINE- "Dégradé" Palestinian cinema has been moderately successful this year, with three films featured at major international festivals. “Villa Touma” (Venice 2014) is about three sisters from a wealthy Christian family who now find themselves living in poverty. “Dégradé” (Cannes 2015) is about a group of women at a beauty salon sheltering from Israeli bombings in Gaza. “”Love, Theft and Other Entanglements” (Berlin) is a thriller about a man who steals a car, not knowing an Israeli soldier is being held captive in the trunk. All three have gotten somewhat mixed reviews, with Western critics being especially harsh. There’s also the expensive Jesus Christ biopic “The Saviour”, and UK-funded documentary “Roshmia” about an elderly Palestinian couple forced from their home by Israeli soldiers. It won Best Feature in Dubai 2014. My prediction is “Dégradé”, whose twin-brother directors have successfully branded the movie as the Palestinian film to see this year. Hany Abu Assad’s two films that I mentioned last year haven’t advanced past the development/production stage.

17. PANAMA- "Canal Stories" (Historias del canal) Panama became the fourth Central American country to enter the Oscar race last year (after Costa Rica, Guatemala and Nicaragua, but before El Salvador and Honduras). Production is up and their clear front-runner is “Panama Canal Stories”, a series of five short films revolving around the Panama Canal at five different eras in Panamanian history (1913, 1950, 1964, 1977 and 2013), including one by Abner Benaim, who directed Panama's debut submission last year, and two helmed by women. There’s also surfing documentary “Breaking the Waves”, but I’m pretty sure “Canal Stories” will be selected. For an interesting article on Panama’s burgeoning film industry, see here 

18. PERU- "The Vanished Elephant" (El elefante desaparecio) Peru has about ten eligible films this year, not including Claudia Llosa’s “Aloft” starring Jennifer Connelly, which appears to be in English. I think it will come down to a very close race between confusing mystery-thriller “The Vanished Elephant” and “Climas”, a pretty film about the lives of women in three different regions of the country. “Climas” looks more like what the Peruvian Academy usually selects, but I’m going to predict “Elephant” because of director Javier Fuentes-Delon, who made my favorite Peruvian movie of all time- “Contracorriente”.  "Vanished Elephant", about a mystery writer trying to solve the mystery of his missing girlfriend, is said to resemble David Lynch, which can be a good thing or a bad thing. Peru has a few other candidates too. They could easily go for large-scale historical drama “Glory of the Pacific”, a war movie that got middling reviews at home but could try to emulate last year’s shortlisted “Libertador” from Venezuela, or select “NN”, which has played at a number of festivals, about a forensic team trying to identify the bodies found in mass graves- a real-life historical legacy of the former dictatorship. The other candidates are unlikely: quirky experimental film “Videofilia”, rape drama “Atacada”, low-budget drama “Solos”, comedy “The Grandfather” and “Desaparacer”, a missing-person thriller set amidst the world of illegal logging. 

19. PHILIPPINES- "Bwaya" (Crocodile)  The Philippines is one of the hardest races to predict this year. The Filipinos have gone arthouse the past five years with films that booked slots at major festivals. Three of these were co-produced by Cinemalaya, famous for making, edgy, often low-budget independent cinema. Many of these independent films don’t get a wide cinematic release (unlike mainstream Filipino films which are released alongside Hollywood films in multiplexes across the country) so I never know when they are eligible. Most Oscar watchers this year are predicting the Philippines will send Brillante Mendoza’s Cannes drama “Trap” (Taklub), about the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda. It won the Ecumenical Jury Prize at Cannes, but Mendoza’s gritty films have never been selected before and “Taklub” is not his most acclaimed film. It has a chance, but I think Mendoza may have to continue to wait. No less than eight films from last year’s Cinemalaya Film Festival won major awards- “The Commitment”, “Crocodile”,”The Janitor”, ”Justice”, “K’na the Dreamweaver”, “Sparks”, “Sundalong Kanin” and “Where  I Am King”.  Two of these (“Crocodile” and “Sparks”) got Best Picture nominations at the Gawad Urian Awards (a good precursor for the Philippines Oscar submission). You can add to the race two very different biopics- one about a man who fought the Spanish (historical drama “Bonifacio”) and one about a living legend who fights everyone (boxing drama “Kid Kulafu”, about the life of Manny Pacquiao).  Popular rom-com “English Only Please”, about a Filipino-American trying to find a bride, may also be considered a dark horse since Americans may be able to relate to it. This is really a wide-open race and I see it coming down to three finalists; (1)- Mendoza’s “Trap” has the buzz and the momentum and last year the Filipinos chose the “festival favorite” (which they don't usually do). There may also be the feeling that he has been passed over so many times that he’s due, (2)- “Crocodile” (Bwaya) is a docudrama about a woman whose 13-year old daughter disappears after being attacked by a crocodile. It’s not a "big" film, but it has the advantage of positive notices at both mainstream and independent awards ceremonies, (3)- “Kid Kulafu” is about Manny Pacquiao, a man that Americans will know well. It was well-received by critics and got an A-rating from the Cinema Evaluation Board but it's clearly a mainstream effort for the masses. I predict an upset for “Crocodile”, with “Kid Kulafu”  and “Trap” second and third. Rounding out the top five will be “Where I Am King”, about an old man returning to his ancestral village, and “Sundalong Kanin”, about young brothers growing up during the Japanese occupation of the 1940s.  

20. POLAND- "Karbala" For the first time in their (nearly) 60-year Oscar history, Poland is attending the Academy Awards as reigning champion. While I will never understand the appeal of the well-made but forgettable “Ida”, it’s nice they got their chance to shine. This year they have a number of candidates with no clear front-runner. I‘m inclined to predict “Summer Solstice”, a drama following four characters in the Polish countryside in 1943- a Nazi officer, a Polish man and woman, and a Jewish woman who escapes from a concentration camp. The film- a co-production with Germany- is finished and was screened at Cannes Film Market representing Poland. It’s scheduled to premiere in German cinemas in October but has no release date in Poland. So I doubt it’s eligible, though Poland did do an Oscar-qualifying run for "In Darkness" so one never knows. Assuming it's not released, the race is wide open, with no less than five viable candidates. In alphabetical order, they are “Body” (winner, Best Director at Berlinale 2015), a dramedy about a man, his anorexic daughter and a therapist with unusual powers, “Gods”, which got ten nominations (but only one win) at last year’s Polish Eagles, the biopic of a renowned surgeon, “Heart and the Sweetheart” (director Kolski was selected in 2003), about a little orphan girl who aspires to be a ballerina, “Karbala”, a thriller about Polish soldiers fighting Jihadis in Iraq circa 2004, and “The Photographer” (director Krzystek was selected in 2012), a mystery-thriller about a serial killer. I’m inclined to think that “Karbala” (scheduled to premiere right before the deadline) will be the one to resonate with the Polish Academy, if “Summer Solstice” doesn’t premiere until October. It’s patriotic, exciting (hopefully) and will resonate with American audiences who saw their own soldiers fight in Iraq. If it sucks, then “Gods” will probably get this. Unlikely but still possible: “Close-ups”, about a woman with a domineering mother who wants a baby of her own, “Carte Blanche”, about a professor slowly going blind and “Influence”, a historical drama co-starring Crispin Glover (?!) which is in Polish.

21. PORTUGAL- "Arabian Nights, Volume One" Portugal has the worst record of any country at the Oscars- dozens upon dozens of submissions with zero nominations. This year, they’ll be hoping to change that with Miguel Gomes’ magnum opus “Arabian Nights”.  Premiering in Director’s Fortnight at Cannes, “Arabian Nights” is actually three 2-hour films, transporting Scheheradze and her stories to Portugal circa 2012, in the midst of that country’s devastating economic crisis. Will Portugal send the first film? Or the better-reviewed second one? Or will they try and do an Oscar-qualifying screening of the full 6 hour, 35 minute omnibus? Or will they just make a crazy decision and pick something else entirely, like when they ignored the acclaimed “Mysteries of Lisbon” for a documentary? “Arabian Nights” has been fairly warmly received so I think they’ll send the first film (though Variety indicates they are meant to be watched together), but the Portuguese often make mind-numbingly odd decisions. The biggest challenger is "Montanha", set to premiere at Venice Critics Week in August. This highly anticipated film is a coming-of-ager about a 14-year old faced with the death of his beloved grandfather. However, with no domestic release scheduled, it will likely not threaten until next year. Next up is "Grey and Black” (Cinzento e Negro), a revenge drama set amidst a small village. It will open in Portuguese cinemas in September. In Fourth Place, is likely to be “Horse Money” (Locarno 2014), a “neo-realist” sequel of sorts to a film called “Colossal Youth” (I've never heard of it) about a 70-year old destitute Cabo Verdean who has lived in Portugal for decades. Rounding out the Top Five choices: “Suddenly My Thoughts Halt”, a documentary about schizophrenia. I think the sheer scope of “Arabian Nights” and prestige of Cannes should wow the weak and perpetually disappointed Portuguese Academy.

22. PUERTO RICO- "La granja" Puerto Rico was unceremoniously dumped from the Foreign Oscar invite list in 2010. AMPAS has never given a good reason why they allowed the Spanish-speaking U.S. territory to compete from 1986-2010 (obtaining one Oscar nomination) before banning them in 2011. Greenland and Hong Kong, which have similar autonomous status, are still allowed to send films. Hopefully one day, AMPAS will rectify this extremely stupid decision. I still include them in my predictions. This year, Puerto Rico would be sure to submit the long-awaited “La Granja” (The Farm), a multi-strand drama about five characters living in an Argentine barrio. It played at the 2015 Cannes Film Market. Director Angel Manuel Soto has had shorts screened at Cannes twice before and this film has been in development for years. It will be released in Puerto Rico in the second half of 2015. 

23. ROMANIA- "Aferim!" Unfortunately, my research on Romania seems to have gotten erased by accident so I'll keep this one short. I predict an easy win for "Aferim!", a B&W historical drama that won Best Director at the Berlin Film Festival. Set in the 19th century, it's about a gendarme's search for a runaway "Gypsy slave" through the multi-ethnic Romanian countryside (then part of the Ottoman Empire). The film has been a critical success as well as an unexpected box-office hit in Romania, generating a great deal of debate about inter-ethnic relations. It's main competition is "One Floor Below", about a quarrel between neighbors that ends up in death. Was it a murder? Other options: comedy "The Treasure" (about a neighbor who asks for help finding buried treasure) and drama "Quod erat demonstratum" about a mathematician who learns he was betrayed by a dear friend twenty years before, during the Communist times. Though it's a 2013 film, it opened in Romania in October 2014. "Aferim!" should get this easily. 


POSSIBLE DEBUTS:
PARAGUAY is the only major Latin American country never to enter the Oscar race but with domestic film output up to 20 films in 2015 and a Goya nomination in 2013, I wouldn’t be surprised if they gave it a go with “Filthy Luck” (aka “Cicada Moon”), about an American who travels to Paraguay and gets involved in the country’s underworld, or “Mangoré”, a music biopic starring Mexican Oscar nominee Damián Alcázar. If they don’t, I’d expect them to join next year with the heavily buzzed-about road movie, “Guarani”. Acclaimed African New Wave director Souleymane Cissé of MALI appeared at Cannes 2015 with “O Ka”, a documentary about his family's struggles not to lose their land, only his second film in 20 years. Unfortunately, it probably never screened in Mali. NIGERIA said they would send a film for the first time last year, but they didn't.....This year's Ibo-language "Chetanna" is a fairly big-budget effort and it was the only non-English language Nigerian movie nominated at this year's African Academy Awards. And although it's highly unlikely, three small island states could send surprise submissions, namely "Jilel: The Calling of the Shell”, a film about a girl who sets out to single-handedly stop global warming from destroying her island atoll from MARSHALL ISLANDS; â€œEmme Fahu Vindha Jehendhen”, a Bollywood-style romance between two young people from different social classes which has been quite popular in the MALDIVES; and â€œLonbraz Kann” (Seattle) from MAURITIUS a film in Mauritian Creole, about the effect the closure of a sugar mill has on the local community. 
          CPD23: Thing 20        
Library Roots:  I had always liked to read and write stories and figured I would become a teacher, not knowing what else to do with these two preferences.  It wasn't until I reached high school where we actually had a library and a librarian that I realized this could be an actual profession.  Although I had been frequenting our public library for years, for some reason I didn't make the connection there.  And that was most likely due to the welcoming nature of the high school librarian who had an easy way of relating to teens.  Eventually, I did work at our local public library too, but decided I preferred to work with kids.  Again, I have no idea why I never figured out that kids went to the public library as well.  Which is kind of funny since I am now a Children's Librarian at a public library.

Library Routes:  Still focused, I enrolled in graduate school while financing myself through teaching.  Over the years I have worked in both Department of Defense elementary school and high school libraries and even taught some college-level library and writing courses.  I beleive I have the best of both worlds now: working with both children and parents in the public library system.

While many folks on the wiki seem to have discovered librarianship quite by accident, for me it had always been a plan.  What has come about by happenstance are the variety of jobs I have held in this profession.  I have worked in Germany, Kwajalein, Marshall Islands and in the US with kids, college students and parents in school, college and public libraries.  Where else could you get that variety?

My advice I guess would be to stay focused on your ultimate goal but to remain open to where that goal might take you.

laura clark
          CPD23: THING 11        
My weak spot is technology. When I graduated from library school, filmstrips and hand-cranked purple inked mimeo machines were all the rage. Twenty years later, our island (Kwajalein, Marshall Islands) had one public access science lab computer that folks could use to email relatives on the mainland. I did not get any consistent hands-on computer experience (I am not counting PacMan) until moved to NY.

It is amazing to me how much technology has exploded since then. Leaving me somewhat behind. Hence, this course. While I have enough to do without constantly monitoring twitter, facebook, wordpress, etc. I still need to know how this stuff works. Or at least download images from my camera.

So I have asked my unofficial mentor, Pat Raftery, to become my official mentor. We both work together Thursday nights and for the past few months have held "Tech Thursday" sessions for my benefit. We are taking this course together and reserve that time to work on our projects.
laura
          CPD23: THING 10        
I currently am a Children's Librarian at Saratoga Springs Public Library in upstate New York. As a child, I had always been attracted towards the teaching profession, in a large part because it was familiar to me. This was way back when it was the rare elementary school that had a library. When I achieved high school status, I was excited to discover the library and immediately attached myself to the librarian. Partly in self-defense, I imagine, she helped me secure an after school job as a shelver in our local public library.

I was impressed to learn of all the schooling and interning British librarians in-training undergo. Here, all I needed was and undergrad degree and then an MLS. We were just turned loose, to sink or swim with no practical training in how to actually run a library. Rather scary.

Fortunately, the only position available on the military base in Heidelberg, Germany where my husband was stationed was that of school library clerk, where the librarian became my mentor. I shudder to think what would have happened to me without her!

I have held a range of positions, from elementary school librarian in Heidelberg and Weisbaden, to adjunct teacher of Library Science for City Colleges of Chicago, to public librarian in the Marshall Islands.

I am NOT looking forward to moving around anymore and since Saratoga is a large library with plenty of resources, there really is no need. I consider myself fortunate to have found a job I love.
          CPD23: THING 7 Professional Organizations        
You can aleady tell what side of the pond I am from by the way I spell organizations!

As soon as I returned Stateside from my stint as a public librarian in the Marshall Islands, I joined ALA, hoping to enhance my job search potential. Bear in mind that this was in 1993 when internet was in its infancy and folks still had card catalog (note spelling) withdrawal. Luckily, I found a job in my new hometown and so never needed the credentials. But I retained my membership. I tend to get overwhelmed by Largeness, so I have mostly stuck with PLA, a branch of ALA, which is more specific to my needs. I have been fortunate enough to have benefitted from several PLA conferences, enhancing my outlook on what is possible.

Locally, I have joined the Youth Services Group of the New York State Library Association and have enjoyed meeting some of the same folks at various events. Even more locally, I participate in workshops offered by Southern Adirondack Association and have even give brief presentations at some. I tend to favor those with a practical, hands-on flavor. Lately, however, I have become interested in ebook publishing and am trying to learn all I can, realizing, of course, that whatever knowledge I glean will soon be out of date. Emailing my techie colleagues has certainly helped!

Ok--Who can resist the extra credit carrot? I investigated SLA, which seems to be the British equivalent of our American School Library Association. Looking at the various book awards I was surprised at how few of the titles I recognized. And we speak the same language! When I got to the book about "maths," however, I got it. In America we would say "math."

Mostly, though, I related to Jo Alcock's blog. I am definitely and introvert who has taught college level courses and could never figure out exactly how I could do it when I am a total wallflower at social occasions. Now I know!
          TOP 10 MOST DANGEROUS PLACES TO VISIT THANKS TO HUMANS        

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Top 10 Most Dangerous Places To Visit Thanks To Humans
By Jonathan H Kantor,
Listverse, 7 August 2017.

You may have noticed that humans tend to alter their surroundings to make themselves comfortable. We have been doing it since the dawn of agriculture. While most places remain livable, some have been so badly damaged that they are no longer safe for people to live in.

Whether this was due to neglect, weapons testing, or climate change, people have been ruining the Earth for millennia. In the past century, we ramped up our efforts and caused so much damage to the planet that just staying overnight in some of these places could be a death sentence.

10. Anthrax Island(s)

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Photo credit: atlasobscura.com

If the entry title didn’t immediately give this one away, you should avoid any place that is known as “Anthrax Island.” There are three such islands spread across the planet. They were used by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union to test biological weapons such as anthrax. But that wasn’t the only deadly bug unleashed in these places.

Gruinard Island off the coast of Scotland was used by the UK during World War II to test anthrax. It was deemed uninhabitable until the late 20th century after decades of anthrax spore contamination.

Vozrozhdeniya Island was an island in the Aral Sea that was split between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The Soviets used it in the early 1950s to test biological weapons. They planned on decontaminating the island, but the USSR fell before they could do so. Some areas have been cleaned up, but you would be ill-advised to dig up any soil.

Finally, the United States government owns and operates the Plum Island Animal Disease Center off the coast of New York. In a plan to sell the land, the government had to commission an environmental impact study to determine the levels of contamination.

9. The Korean DMZ

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Photo credit: koogle.tv

You might think that a demilitarized zone (DMZ) would be a safe place to go. The word “demilitarized” is a bit misleading since it refers to a stretch of land between the borders of North Korea and South Korea, which could also be called a no-man’s-land.

Within the 250-kilometer (155 mi) stretch of land, which is approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) wide, there exists the largest accumulation of antipersonnel land mines on the planet. Because of the DMZ, the United States refused to sign an international treaty banning the weapons, which kill and maim far more unfortunate civilians than are killed by soldiers on either side.

Entering the DMZ is a risky venture for anyone. While incursions into each other’s territory happen every now and again, few people ever safely enter or exit the border. Both military factions constantly patrol the border on each side, so crossing into it is extremely difficult.

If you did manage to find yourself in the DMZ, the odds of getting captured or arrested are slightly lower than the odds of stepping on something, hearing a metallic click, and losing your leg.

8. Gilman, Colorado, USA

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Gilman, Colorado, began as a mining town in 1886 during the Colorado Silver Boom. But it is considered a modern ghost town thanks to the permanent evacuation in 1984 ordered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The town was abandoned due to contamination of the groundwater from poor mining practices that allowed for an abundance of zinc, lead, cadmium, arsenic, and sulfides beginning in the early 20th century.

While Gilman was never a large town, it did host a population of around 300 people, which fluctuated every so often. The town has been declared a Superfund site, which is a federal program identifying areas so contaminated with hazardous substances that they are no longer habitable and require cleanup.

As it stands, the town looks much like it did when it was abandoned. Vandalism has destroyed every pane of glass, but the houses, bowling alley, and even personal automobiles remain abandoned in the ghost town.

7. Bikini Atoll

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Photo credit: The Guardian

You may have heard of the Bikini Atoll atomic tests conducted in the 1950s, but you will never have a chance to visit there. The original inhabitants of the island have been exiled from their homeland for 71 years thanks to the US tests.

On March 1, 1954, the US tested the Bravo hydrogen bomb, a 15-megaton nuclear weapon that vaporized three islands and was more than 1,000 times the magnitude of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The islands remain uninhabitable and deadly due to consistent fallout.

Beginning in 1946, the United States tested a total of 67 nuclear devices on and around the Bikini Atoll and the Marshall Islands. Twenty-three of those detonations took place directly on, over, or under Bikini Atoll.

Believe it or not, there are a few people who live on the island as caretakers. They regularly test the soil and work on cleanup methods to reduce the radiative impact.

Attempts have been made to return the original inhabitants and their descendants to the island. But all efforts have been stalled due to the abundance of strontium-90, which is not something humans should be around if they value their skeletons. (It causes bone cancer, leukemia, and a host of nasty diseases.)

6. Picher, Oklahoma, USA

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Photo credit: Tim Dowd

Picher, Oklahoma, is a great place to visit if you want lead poisoning. The modern ghost town was abandoned by order of the EPA due to the abundance of unrestricted subsurface excavation throughout the town.

An Army Corps of Engineers study found that 86 percent of the buildings (including the school) were undermined and could collapse at any time. Weak buildings weren’t the only problem, though. A study in 1996 by the EPA found that 34 percent of the children in the town suffered from lead poisoning.

At one time, Picher was the economic hub of the entire region due to the abundance of lead and zinc mining. The population was in excess of 20,000 at one time with more than 14,000 miners working.

But the years of unregulated digging and poor waste management left the town uninhabitable, and it was declared a Superfund site. There are large piles of toxic metal strewn about the town, which doesn’t keep the groundwater very clean.

After the government bought the land and evacuated the population, the place became a wasteland of dead earth. It didn’t help that a tornado destroyed much of the town in 2008. The last resident died just a few years later.

5. Wittenoom, Australia

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It took a few years, but we eventually learned that asbestos is dangerous to humans. It causes mesothelioma - which is not only difficult to say, it’s deadly. So asbestos has been cleaned up and removed wherever it has been found.

In the 1960s, Wittenoom, Australia, was the largest producer of blue asbestos on the continent. But by 2013, the town was closed due to the toxic levels of blue asbestos throughout the area.

As the dangers of asbestos were becoming clear in the late 1970s, the government began phasing out the township. The town was becoming contaminated and dangerous to anyone who needed to breathe, so the phasing out seemed like a good idea.

By 2015, the Australian government had removed the town from its services, essentially delegitimizing it so that it no longer existed. Some people held out until that time. But when the government no longer recognizes the place you live as being a real location, it’s time to move somewhere else.

Three people may not have gotten that message since they are still defying all logic and refusing to leave the town.

4. Centralia, Pennsylvania, USA

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Photo credit: Jrmski

The next time you are visiting Pennsylvania, steer clear of a small mining town named Centralia. The place has been on fire for 55 years and could burn for another 250 if estimates are correct.

Yes, you read that correctly, and you would be wise to read the signs posted all over the place that warn weary travelers of their probable deaths by asphyxiation or by being swallowed by the ground...which is often ablaze.

Centralia once hosted a modest population of 1,000 people, but it is now a modern-day ghost town thanks to an underground inferno that is consuming tons of coal. The townspeople were able to suppress the fire aboveground, but it raged underground and continues to smolder.

Fissures open on the surface all the time and spew sulfurous gases that are deadly to anyone and anything. There are 12 people still living there as they refuse to leave. But they represent just 1 percent of the original population. Moving to Centralia is a death sentence for most people, and it should never be on a list of places to check out while driving through Pennsylvania.

3. Chernobyl Zone Of Alienation, Ukraine

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Photo credit: The Atlantic

One of the worst nuclear disasters of all time occurred at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986. Thanks to a late-night safety test, the shutoff of emergency safety systems, and a preventable steam explosion and graphite fire, nuclear fallout precipitated over much of the western USSR and parts of Europe.

Thirty-one people were killed directly by the radiation released from the accident, 28 of whom were firefighters and employees working to put out the fires and stop the radiation leak.

Since the accident, an exclusion zone has been established extending 30 kilometers (19 mi) in all directions. It has been estimated that the land will not be fully safe for human habitation for another 20,000 years.

But despite the danger, some Ukrainians refuse to leave and have remained within the exclusion zone. The workers who continue to build a sarcophagus around the remaining plant are only permitted to work for five hours a day for one month before being forced to take 15 days off.

The site can be visited if the proper precautions are taken. But visiting is dangerous and should only be done to learn more about the disaster (if that’s your thing).

2. Aral Sea

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Photo credit: NASA

The Aral Sea was once a large lake between the borders of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. But thanks to global climate change, the lake is ostensibly gone. As we mentioned, Vozrozhdeniya Island used to be an island in the Aral Sea but isn’t any longer due to the huge loss of water that has left the entire area an arid wasteland.

The lake is only 10 percent of its original size, and much of the loss has occurred in the past 30 years. The sea began shrinking due to a Soviet plan in the 1960s to reroute several of the rivers feeding it. But most of the water has evaporated thanks to the increase in global temperatures.

The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called “one of the planet’s worst environmental disasters.” Although the area was once a prosperous fishing location that helped boost the economies of both border nations, it is now a dead zone.

The ruins of fishing vessels litter the desert landscape in an area that is now heavily polluted and a public health concern. Numerous towns vanished from the face of the Earth, and the eastern basin of the Aral Sea is now known as the Aralkum Desert.

1. Fukushima Exclusion Zone, Japan

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Photo credit: Time

Thanks to the Tohoku earthquake on March 11, 2011, a tsunami pummeled the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, resulting in three nuclear meltdowns.

Although it may seem like an “act of God” type of disaster, an independent investigative team determined that the causes of the accident were foreseeable and the plant operator had failed to meet basic safety requirements, resulting in the fallout. As of this writing, the Fukushima nuclear disaster is the most significant nuclear incident since we split the atom.

Contaminated groundwater continued to seep through a frozen soil barrier that has been erected to protect the area from the fallout, and the environmental impact has been significant.

Since the accident, there haven’t been any directly related deaths. But estimates suggest that thousands of people may succumb to cancer as a result of the fallout over the next 3–4 decades. Due to all the contamination, the area within a 20-kilometer (12 mi) exclusion zone is currently off-limits unless you are interested in acquiring severe radiation sickness and, you know, dying.

Top image credit: Yuri_B/Pixabay.

[Source: Listverse. Edited. Top image added.]


          THE FACT        

COUNTRY POPULATION (largest)(February, 2006 numbers)

1.China 1,306,313,800
2.India 1,080,264,400
3.USA 295,734,100
4.Indonesia 241,973,900
5.Brazil 186,112,800
6.Pakistan 162,419,900
7.Bangladesh 144,319,600
8.Russia 143,420,300
9.Nigeria 128,772,000
10.Japan 127,417,200

COUNTRY POPULATION (smallest)(February, 2006 numbers)

1.Vatican City 920
2.Tuvalu 11,640
3.Nauru 13,050
4.Palau 20,300
5.San Marino 28,880
6.Monaco 32,410
7.Liechtenstein 33,720
8.St. Kitts 38,960
9.Marshall Islands 59,070
10.Antigua and Barbuda 68,720

COUNTRIES (Highest Density)(people per square km)

1.Monaco 16,205
2.Singapore 6,386
3.Malta 1,261
4.Maldives 1,164
5.Bahrain 1,035
6.Bangladesh 1,002
7.Vatican City 920
8.Barbados 648
9.Nauru 621
10.Mauritius 603

COUNTRIES (Lowest Density)(people per square km)

1.Mongolia 2
2.Namibia 2
3.Australia 3
4.Botswana 3
5.Iceland 3
6.Suriname 3
7.Libya 3
8.Mauritania 3
9.Canada 3
10.Guyana 4


LARGEST CITIES ON THE PLANET!


Numbers shown are the population within the recognized city limits, and do not include people living in the immediate surrounding area outside of the established border of the city. For the largest metropolitan areas refer to the list below this one.Revised (10/01/04)

1.Shanghai, China 13.3 million
2.Mumbai (Bombay), India 12.6 million
3.Buenos Aires, Argentina 11.92 million
4.Moscow, Russia 11.3 million
5.Karachi, Pakistan 10.9 million
6.Delhi, India 10.4 million
7.Manila, Philippines 10.3 million
9.Sao Paulo, Brazil 10.26 million
10.Seoul, South Korea 10.2 million
11.Istanbul, Turkey 9.6 million
12.Jakarta, Indonesia 9.0 million
13.Mexico City, Mexico 8.7 million
14.Lagos, Nigeria 8.68 million
15.Lima, Peru 8.38 million
16.Tokyo, Japan 8.3 million
17.New York City, USA 8.09 million
18.Cairo, Egypt 7.6 million
19.London, UK 7.59 million
20.Teheran, Iran 7.3 million
21.Beijing, China 7.2 million

LARGEST METRO AREAS IN THE WORLD
Numbers shown are the population within the immediate surrounding area of the established border of the city, and also include the city limit population figures. Revised (09/05)

1.Toyko, Japan 31.2 million
2.New York City - Philadelphia area, USA 30.1 million
3.Mexico City, Mexico 21.5 million
4.Seoul, South Korea 20.15 million
5.Sao Paulo, Brazil 19.9 million
6.Jakarta, Indonesia 18.2 million
7.Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto, Japan 17.6 million
8.New Delhi, India 17.36 million
9.Mumbai, India (Bombay) 17.34 million
10.Los Angeles, USA 16.7 million
11.Cairo, Egypt 15.86 million
12.Calcutta, India 14.3 million
13.Manila, Philippines 14.1 million
14.Shanghai, China 13.9 million
15.Buenos Aires, Argentina 13.2 million
16.Moscow, Russian Fed. 12.2 million

Hottest,Coldest,Driest,Wettest

1.Hottest Place Dalol, Denakil Depression, Ethiopia, annual average temperature (93.2°F, 34°C)
2.Coldest Place Plateau Station, Antarctica, annual average temperature (-56.7°C)
3.Wettest Place Mawsynram, Assam, India, annual average rainfall (11,873 mm, 467.4")
4.Driest Place Atacama Desert, Chile, imperceptible rainfall on a yearly basis

HIGHEST/LOWEST SURFACE POINTS
(Below Sea Level, On Each Continent)

1.Dead Sea, Asia -409 meters
2.Lake Assal, Africa -156 meters
3.Death Valley, North America -86 meters
4.Valdés Peninsula, South America -40 meters
5.Caspian Sea, Europe -28 meters
6.Lake Eyre, Australia -16 meters
7.Antarctica (ice covered) -2,538 meters
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          King Tides and Exodus in the Marshall Islands        
With a global mean temperature rise of 1.5℃ (video, direct .mp4 link) the Marshall Islands, site of the US's Bikini Atoll nuclear weapons tests, may disappear completely. With most islands just six feet above sea level and less than a mile wide the ring of atolls is already severely affected by climate change. ⅓ of all Marshall Islanders are believed to live in the US, although they may face deportation. In recent months the residents of the Pacific island nation have been advised to cease eating fish after elevated levels of PCBs were found in the waters around the US missile base on Kwajalein Atoll. Recently, very previously, previously, previously, personal anecdotes.
          The Makeni Children        

For more than a decade, Dona Meers, the Kentucky nurse practitioner who adopted Adama K., said prayers for Adama's parents, thanking them for giving her such a "special child, with good manners and a great sense of humor." Meanwhile, Adama, now 16, also thought frequently about her birth parents, so desperate to see the family she had left in Sierra Leone—a family she could not remember—that she descended into a severe depression. Meers responded by launching an all-out campaign to find Adama's family. Through another adoptive parent of a Makeni child, she found a woman named Kim Kargbo, a white American who was raised in Sierra Leone by missionary parents, married a Sierra Leonean, and now runs a Christian humanitarian group in Makeni, dividing her time between Makeni and Mississippi. Kim had been asked by other MAPS parents to find their children's birth families—and independently had been asked by some of the Makeni families to help find their children. When Sheik Alimamy K. approached Kim for help finding his daughter, she knew immediately that he was asking about Adama K.

For Meers, it was "pretty gut wrenching," she told me in a quiet voice, to discover that Adama's birth mother had not died during the civil war, as HANCI's case history said. She had died just eight years earlier, in childbirth. Nor had Adama's birth father, Sheik Alimamy K., been killed by a snakebite: He was alive, living with his four other daughters and a son, and searching for Adama. "I felt really guilty and really sad," Meers said, her voice anguished, "like I had taken their child away from them."

Today, it's not clear exactly what the Makeni families are hoping for. When I asked Samuel's birth mother, Isatu, what she wants now, she began to weep, and said that she just wants to see her son again, if only for two days. Suma, his uncle, said that pictures are not enough; he wants his entire family to see the children in person, with their own eyes. After having them for a few days, he said, he would be happy to send the children back to their new families—knowing that he had made that "arrangement" himself.

Abu Bakarr agreed that the families long to see and speak to their children, at least for a visit. He added that they do notwant or expect money and he said that they know the children will never come home to live. And yet it isn't entirely clear what he himself wants: When I relayed various comments from the HANCI contingent, Abu Bakarr emailed back: "I am asking them for my BLOOD brother and sister whom they took away fraudulently, which is causing tremendous pain in my heart." At a minimum, he says that he and the other Makeni family members want to know more than just that their children were sent "to America." Were the children taken to be slaves, as some still fear, or are they treated well? Where, exactly, do they live? What are their new names? What do they look like now? Do they know about their Sierra Leonean birth families and heritage?

In April, I spoke by phone to Dr. Soccoh Kabia, who was Sierra Leone's minister of Social Welfare, Gender, and Children's Affairs from 2009 until earlier this year. By the time Kabia became minister, the Makeni affair was already notorious throughout Sierra Leone, so he decided to meet with the families himself. "I talked to them face to face," he told me. "I saw the anguish and the pain." Kabia says that HANCI was one of the reasons he put a moratorium on adoptions soon after becoming minister and simultaneously launched efforts to reform Sierra Leone's adoption laws. Under the old system, a single government official could approve an adoption. The new law, which Parliament recently passed, adds procedures based on the 1993 Hague adoption convention. Now, an expert committee will check each child's family background so that, as Kabia told me, "we know if a child being given up … is indeed a child that would benefit from adoption." International adoptions have not yet resumed.

Meanwhile, Kabia's ministry launched a preliminary investigation into the Makeni adoptions. But in May 2010, the birth families, growing impatient for answers, occupied the ministry's office, demanding information and threatening drastic measures if they didn't get it quickly. At Kabia's recommendation, President Ernest Bai Koroma set up an official commission of inquiry to investigate the adoptions, with power to subpoena and take sworn testimony. It began hearings in March but is currently on hiatus. One person I spoke to claimed that the commission was set up to appease the birth families, and that no follow-up action would be taken. But Kabia painted the commission as a serious body, and Abu Bakarr and Smith told me they considered it the Makeni families' last hope for justice.

***

Whatever the commission finds, how should we think about Judi Mosley's multiple brushes with fraud and other adoption-related misdeeds? Do they reflect extraordinary bad luck, or the state of international adoption?

It is impossible to know exactly how many international adoptions are similarly tainted. The underlying problem is that the developing world does not have as many young children who need families as the West has families who want a young child. Many Westerners have heard that there is a massive worldwide orphan crisis involving upwards of 160 million children—and they have responded to this news with a generous desire to give needy children new homes. But the 160 million figure is deceptive; most of those children live with families, as Camryn Mosley once lived with her elder sister. More to the point, there's too much Western money in search of children. Adoption agencies send comparatively enormous sums money to desperately poor countries without adequate oversight. In country after country, that money has motivated unscrupulous people to "find" adoptable children through methods fair and foul.

Different adoption source countries have different—and shifting—profiles that leave them more or less prone to fraud. For instance, families who have adopted from Russia can be relatively confident that their children truly needed new families. Russia's child welfare institutions house sizable populations of abused and abandoned children. Families that adopted children from China a dozen years ago can also be relatively confident that their daughters were truly abandoned. Over the past 15 years China has been the world's most popular source country for international adoption because its one-child policy combined with a cultural preference for sons produce a genuine surplus of unwanted girl babies. However, for a variety of reasons, China now offers thousands fewer children for international adoption than it once did, and there have been serious allegations of, and prosecutions for, child-selling and kidnapping for adoption in recent years.

By contrast, each of the countries from which Judi adopted her children fell into at least one of two categories that tend to make international adoption particularly risky. The first category: poor countries that suddenly become popular adoption sources, quickly doubling and tripling the numbers of children going abroad—an increase that outpaces what a given country's shaky regulatory system can effectively oversee. In the past 15 years, "sending" countries whose adoption numbers suddenly rose and whose adoptions were then found to be riddled with "irregularities," as the State Department diplomatically phrases it, have included Cambodia, Guatemala, Ethiopia, India, Liberia, the Marshall Islands, Nepal, Romania, Samoa, and Vietnam. Tens of thousands of children have come west or north from these locales—and during the peak period of adoption from each country, a significant number of those adoptions may have involved fraud, according to a number of government, journalistic, and NGO investigations listed on the pages linked above.

The second risky category involves countries where conflict or disaster has bred chaos. Such places tend to be doubly problematic, because at precisely the moment when Westerners' desire to save children from danger grows especially strong, the national government's ability to oversee and regulate adoption becomes especially weak.

The Mosleys are unusual in several ways: They adopted older children whose identities were uncommonly intact, they were willing to pursue troubling facts, and they are determined to talk publicly about their painful discoveries. If the Makeni families are telling the truth, they are also remarkable: How often are illiterate, desperately poor families willing and able to agitate against official misdeeds—and able to get attention from the Western news media to boot? Perhaps the most unusual part of this story isn't the nature of the alleged fraud; it's that it became an international story at all.

***

From the moment last June when Judi first read the Associated Press story about Samuel's Makeni family, she knew that she had to let him know that he had another father. She also knew that she had to inform Samuel's birth father that she had his child. "I have many, many faults," she told me, "but even as a child, I never had a problem telling the truth. I owe my son the truth, as much as he wants to know. And I owe the truth to this man who has never given up looking for his son."

And so on Father's Day last year, Tony Mosley took Samuel, then 16, aside. Tony told him that he had a father in Africa. Samuel didn't seem especially interested, and when I last contacted Judi, he hadn't pursued the subject. Last August, Judi managed to contact Samuel's Makeni family via Smith and Abu Bakarr; the two families have since exchanged photographs and information. But by then, Samuel's birth father, Abdulai, had died. Isatu, Abdulai's widow, says that after the families were told they would never see their children again, he was so offended that he never recovered. Eventually he stopped eating, she says, and died of a broken heart. Samuel's uncle, Suma, says Abdulai cried so much that he finally died. His death shocked and deeply saddened Judi. She can't get over the fact that, as she put it, "we came so close, after 13 years, to making contact—and then he died, not knowing what happened to his son."

Meers' daughter, Adama, has not only contacted but visited her birth father. They were brought together by Kim Kargbo, the American woman who has been informally helping various MAPS and Makeni families to reunite. (Kim told me that her husband is related to HANCI founder Dr. Roland Kargbo and to HANCI's current executive director. For this reason, she said she preferred not to discuss HANCI's role in the Makeni adoptions with me.) Kim first saw the Makeni children when they were on their way to Ghana, not long before their adoptive parents came to collect them. She refused to give me names, but says she has since spoken with six families who adopted Makeni children, and has put a few of the children in touch with their birth families.

After Kim connected them, Adama and her birth father, Sheik Alimamy K., spent a year talking occasionally by telephone, with Kim as translator. In March, after paternity was confirmed via a DNA test, Adama accompanied Kim to Makeni to meet her birth father. Adama says that the weeklong trip changed her life for the better, answering the deep need she felt to connect with her African family. "I sat on his lap," she told me. "It was great. He was like, just touching me, my shoulders, my head, just making sure this is real. I felt like a daddy's girl. It just felt really good. Just being together." She found a sister whose features were so close to hers that, she says, they looked like twins. Her depression lifted completely, and she came back, in Meers' words, "a happier child."

What also disappeared was Adama's desire to stay in touch with her Sierra Leonean family, in part because her father started asking for money. "I remember Kim saying, you can have a relationship with them and help them out, purses, clothes, watches—but they want money. Or you don't have a relationship at all," Adama told me. (Sheik Alimamy K. objected emphatically to this claim, saying that it was Kim, not he, who asked Adama for money.) For her part, Kim told me that she's trying to get the Makeni families to understand that their children will never come home to live, that they may not even come to visit, and—perhaps most baffling to families who expect migrant family members to send remittances—that they can't be expected to make financial contributions. (Certainly not all of the families who have been in touch with their birth children have asked for money. Judi told me that Samuel's birth family has never asked for anything, not even the photographs she has sent.)

Kim has concluded that the situation is a tragedy that can't be fixed, and that reconciliation is the best that can be hoped for. "Some of the kids remember being taken," she said, "and remember that they didn't want to be." The adoptive families, meanwhile, have had to struggle with the repercussions of war trauma, parental loss, malnutrition, and now, the discovery that their sacrifice was all for a child who may not have needed a new family after all. "The adoptive families were wronged. The kids were wronged. The biological families were wronged," Kim told me. "Injustice makes my blood boil."


          Amelia Earhart Found? Clues in an Old Photo May Solve 80-Year-Old Mystery        

For more than 80 years the world has wondered what happened to pilot Amelia Earhart. On an attempt to circumnavigate the globe in 1937, she and her navigator, Fred Noonan, disappeared over the South Pacific.

"Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence," a History Channel documentary that aired last night, suggests an answer to that question. Les Kinney, a retired Treasury Department official, found this photo in the National Archives that may show Earhart and Noonan as captives of the Japanese in the Marshall Islands. 


This video clip from the "Today" show shows a little of how it was analyzed:



A man thought to be Noonan stands on the left and the woman thought to be Earhart sits on a dock, back facing the camera, with the side of her face visible. Photo analyst Kent Gibson used software to compare known images of Noonan and Earhart with the people in the picture, and concluded it's "very likely" this depicts the duo. 

The image also shows a Japanese ship towing an object whose shape and calculated measurements mean it could have been Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E.

All mystery photo investigations rely on more than the evidence in the picture.  It takes painstaking historical research.



Amelia Earhart in 1928 (Library of Congress).

Kinney has researched Earhart for more than a dozen years. This photo is just part of the puzzle. In the lead-up to World War II, the Japanese had banned Americans from the Marshall Islands. The two Caucasians in the photo are out of place. (The documentary suggests international tensions are the reason evidence of Earhart's capture was covered up.)

Historical accounts from residents of the Marshall Islands at the time indicate they saw the Japanese tow away a plane. In 1987, the Republic of the Marshall Islands even issued a series of postage stamps depicting their stories of Earhart's landing and capture.  

The documentary presents additional evidence, such as metal parts that could be from a Lockheed Electra discovered where the plane is said to have been dragged from the beach Earhart landed on to a waiting Japanese barge.

The evidence is pretty convincing. I'd also like to know what's in the Japanese archives. There are a lot of theories about Earhart—this might just be another one or it could solve the mystery.

So the coolest part of the video above is when Gibson compares their faces, right?

You're thinking. Wait! I want to do that with my photos.  Guess what?  You can. Faceoff, Visual Face Recognition is software on the market that allows you to overlay one face on another. It costs $29.95. 

Bear in mind:

  • The two faces you're comparing must be the same view (straight on, profile, etc.)

  • Glasses, shadows and even hair on the face can confuse the viewer

  • It's up to you to determine if you have two images of the same person, but make sure you've done your homework about where the person lived and whether it's possible the photos might show the same person before you jump to a conclusion. 
Learn more about Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence and watch clips here.

Identify your old mystery family photos with these guides by Maureen A. Taylor:

  • Family Photo Detective: Learn How to Find Genealogy Clues in Old Photos and Solve Family Photo Mysteries
  • Fashionable Folks: Bonnets and Hats 1840-1900
  • Finding the Civil War in Your Family Album
  • Hairstyles 1840-1900
  • Photo-Organizing Practices
  • Preserving Your Family Photographs
  • Searching for Family History Photos: How to Get Them Now

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              EU signs sustainable energy declarations with Pacific Islands        
    Tuesday, 08 September 2015
    Updated: 
    Wednesday, 09 September 2015

    European Commissioner for energy and climate action, Miguel Arias Cañete, has signed new joint declarations to reinforce cooperation on sustainable energy between the EU and four Pacific Islands: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau and Nauru. Joint declarations with Niue and Tonga will be signed in the course of the week.

    The joint declarations - signed at the Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting on 8 September 2015 - aim to make the national energy sectors more sustainable by promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency measures. They also reaffirm the EU's commitment to work with the Pacific Islands to achieve this.

    "Sustainable energy is the fuel for sustainable development. This is especially true in the Pacific Islands where imported fuel dependency is hampering economic growth, and where the climate change impacts are more present than anywhere else. That is why the European Union supports the Pacific counties in their efforts to develop renewable energy and boost energy savings," Arias Cañete said.

    The Pacific Islands bear the brunt of the effects of climate change in particular due to rising sea levels and changing weather patterns including an increase in storms and natural disasters like cyclones, earthquakes and tsunamis.

    Islands like Tonga have also been feeling the pressure of rising oil prices and have therefore agreed to cut dependence on oil imports.

    Similar declarations have already been signed between Cape Verde and Austria, Luxembourg, Spain and Portugal; Ivory Coast and France; Liberia and Norway, Rwanda and Togo.

    Moreover, in May this year, European Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica, signed two similar declarations to work closer with Sierra Leone and with Uganda, Germany and France on sustainable energy. These declarations reinforced political determination to work in a closer partnership to achieve a sustainable energy sector and to fight energy poverty.

    The joint declarations come in the run-up to the United Nations summit on climate change which will take place in Paris this November.

    Joint Declarations:
    Marshall Islands
    Micronesia
    Palau
    Nauru
    Niue
    Tonga

     


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              Time to relax        
    In late January I signed on to teach in the Marshall Islands-the island of Kwajalein to be exact. Seven months later and here i am. It is beautiful. I shipped a ton of art stuff to play with and am looking forward to spending long hours in the shade on a beach drawing, sketching and relaxing!
    My new reading/relaxing spot.

    View from my room.

    The water is so clear. This is one of the beaches near where I stay.

    Beach at the end of the island.


              Exciting News        
    Well, very exciting news! I am retiring after 27 years of teaching and moving to the Marshall Islands!!!!! I went to an overseas teaching conference in January and interviewed with several schools and after weighing all the options signed a contract to teach on Kwajalein. I leave in August and it cannot come soon enough. I look forward to working in my art journals and figuring out who I really am and what I want to do with the rest of my life. What an opportunity. One that not many people get in their lives but one I am going to take full advantage of for sure. I will keep you posted.

              The National Security Law Podcast: Don’t Pop the Accountability Champagne Quite Yet         

    In this bizarrely-titled episode (ok, they pretty much all have bizarre titles), Professors Vladeck and Chesney take on four national security law developments from the past week. First, they explore the district court ruling in Salim v. Mitchell, in which the court rejects cross-motions for summary judgment in an Alien Tort Statute suit brought by former CIA detainees against the two psychologists who designed and helped implement the “enhanced interrogation techniques” program.  Second, they unpack the meaning and significance of last week’s press observation held by Attorney General Sessions, in which he warned that DOJ and FBI will be ramping up their anti-leak efforts (of course the real lesson for reporters from this whole episode is: probably better not to call these professors, lest they talk your ear off about Game of Thrones).  Third, they offer some preliminary thoughts on the legal issues that will arise if the U.S. does begin using airstrikes against Islamic State targets in the Philippines, as recent media reports have suggested might occur.  Fourth, they drag us all down into the weeds of treaty law–especially the “non-self-execution doctrine”–in connection with the Ninth Circuit’s opinion rejecting an attempt by the Marshall Islands to get a court to declare the U.S. government in violation of its obligation (under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) to negotiate in good faith towards nuclear disarmament.  One might hope they’d be exhausted at that point, and end it there.  But no, they trudge on, sharing their “insights” about the latest episode of Game of Thrones at remarkable length. Happily, GoT’s current season only has a few shows left, so soon your hosts will have to move on to something else!


              Missile Defense Test Conducted        
    (January 31, 2010) -- A target missile was successfully launched at approximately 3:40 p.m. PST from the U.S. Army's Reagan Test Site at Kwajalein Atoll in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Approximately six minutes later, a Ground-Based Interceptor was successfully launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. Both the target missile and Ground-Based Interceptor performed nominally after launch. However, the Sea-Based X-band radar did not perform as expected. Program officials will ...
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              Exotic Tropical Islands Of The South Pacific        
    With long haul travel no longer such an attractive option for Australian and New Zealand residents, due to the world financial crisis, it is time to turn and take a good hard look at the largely under-sung tropical island South Pacific nations, as the adventure travel destination of 2009. Every tropical island has its own individual and particular attraction, but a quick overview may assist the discerning traveler to make a well balanced travel {{{decision |choice}}.
    1.Papua New Guinea still appears to have a 6 � 7% economic growth despite I in spite of the globall financial crisis.
    2.Solomon Islands has one of the highest population growth records in the area, also had the highest economic growth of over 10% in 2007. It {{{appears |is}} strongly placed to continue this trend into 2009.
    3.The Asian Development Bank is {{{forecasting } forecasting |predicting}}} a slowdown in growth for Vanuatu for 2009, though tourism is booming, because of the greatly increased air services from from Air New Zealand, Solomon Airlines, Pacific Blue, Air Pacific and Air Vanuatu. It is reported that countries that offer tax-haven facilities appear to be more able to hold up against the {{[world |global}}} financial crisis.
    4.Fiji, under the leadership of military strongman and coup leader Commodore Frank Bainimarama could be in for a rough 2009 with the threat of an election. Bainimarama, with his military-led regime is fervently determined to smash the country�s coup culture, with a burning driving force to {{[alter |change}}} the election laws of the nation, before the voters go to the poll.
    5.Samoa is the only South Pacific nation that is not grappling with poor leadership, corruption and instability, under the 11 year long leader, Prime Minister Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. Though vastly unpopular, the Prime Minister has pulled off the unpopular decision to change the road code from driving on the right, to driving on the left. Almost single-handedly Tuilaepa pushed the alteration through parliament.
    6.The Cook Islands use New Zealand currency, so the nation may not find it is as protected from the global financial downturn as other South Pacific nations. The rapid rise in tourism may be the Cook Island�s means of salvation.
    7.Due to Niue�s severe lack of cash, New Zealand advanced $1 million for jet fuel, to ferry delegates to the annual Pacific Islands Forum meeting in Niue, in August 2008. The need for this never eventuated and now Niue has to work out how to get rid of a million dollars worth of jet fuel.
    8.Australia is still committed to rescuing Nauru, after many years of financial disregard, from bankruptcy, is forced to invest nearly Au$1000 per capita each year into the island nation. Fiji is promising to sign a regional air-services agreement with Nauru�s Our Airline, may assist the tiny tropical island nation.
    9.Tuvaluuses the Australian dollar as currency, may find itself more exposed to the financial global crisis than some of its neighbours. Finally it appears Apisai Ielemia may prove the {{[exemption |exception}}} to the constant removal of prime ministers by no confidence votes. Ielemia has remained unchallenged since taking office in August 14, 2006. The tiny nation of Tuvalu has played a giant role in climate change talks, through Australian-based Dr Ian Fry.
    10.Asian Development Bank and international donors are deeply anxious about the financial status of Kiribati, with its constant draw-downs from the country�s reserve funds, which are invested offshore. A more prudent approach by the government, toward spending, is needed immediately. The country�s deteriorating infrastructure and overcrowding in urban developments, are Kiribati�s other major problems.
    11.French Polynesia has experienced 8 governments in the last four years. Gaston Tong Sang is clutching to keep power, with only a one seat majority. Tourism is expected be in for a huge downturn through the global economy in shreds.
    12.New Caledonia�s economy has achieved a huge boost {{{because of } because of |through}}} the new US$4 billion Koniambo nickel mine. There are whispers that the seat of power could be relocated from Paris to Noumea.
    13.One of the smallest nations, with its two kings as co-rulers, Wallis and Futuna will experience hardly any change in 2009.
    14.Guam has seen the relocation of the US military base from Okinawa, Japan, to this South Pacific tropical island. Some 8000 troops are to be stationed there. Infrastructure alone is estimated to cost US$15 billion, stretching across the next decade, in a joint undertaking between the Japanese and United States governments. However the {{{world |global downturn appears to have slowed down this process.
    15.Northern Marianas is facing the possibility of an erosion of up to 44% of its GDP according to a recent study. The status of 10,000 Filipino workers may be affected by the alterations to the immigration system. Because of recessionary trends in both Japan and South Korea, tourist numbers are expected to drop.
    16.If Palau loses its US$70 million aid Itwill not have the ability to meet its 2009 budget. This combined with the down turn in Japanese tourists, could make Palau create with its own financial strategies.
    17.The Marshall Islands had hoped for some spin off from the US military base in Guam. This may not happen as quickly as many had hoped. Environmental and overcrowding issues remain the major issues.
    So you have seventeen exotic, exciting and very individual holiday destinations right on your doorstep. Perhaps 2009 is your year of discovering the magic of the South Pacific. 

    by Sternberg-Tendys Wendy



              Investigating the Petition of Marshall Islands against Britain in the International Court of Justice        

    The international court of justice was established by Charter of the United Nations and is considered as one of its integral parts in which only experienced and knowledgeable judges and lawyers can be employed. In fact, it consists of several independent judicial institutions. Marshall Islands, a country which was cruelly imposed to nuclear tests, was brave enough to sue powerful countries with nuclear weapons. In 1996, nuclear weapons case was considered by the international court of justice for the first time. All the court’s members came to this conclusion that these countries should stop their nuclear activities and they are not permitted to use any nuclear weapon. As a result they ratified a bill. Then, Marshall Islands’ petition was considered by the international court of justice in The Hague. This country also took legal action against U.S.A. and the federal judiciary of the United States accepted to take it into consideration. This paper aims at analyzing the petition of Marshall Islands against Britain in the international court of justice. According to the content of this petition, countries can’t develop their nuclear weapons which threat men and the world. As a result, the destruction of present nuclear weapons is the only effective way to achieve this goal.


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              Edge of Paradise        
    Hey Dreamstimers........ Anyone out there interested in off the beaten track locations? Then do I have a spot for you! Most of you have heard of Bikini Atoll - where the USA detonated numerous atomic weapons at the end of WWII. And I am here to report that the island of Bikini is still uninhabitable due to the radioactive dust that permeates the island. Anyway, we're talking about the Marshall Islands which is mid-pacific & on the equator halfway between Hawaii & Australia. Majuro is the capitol of the Marshalls & that's the first stop from Honolulu. The trip is relatively inexpensive because United flies a circle route of mostly govt. contractors from Honolulu to Majuro to Bikini to Kwajalein & finally back to Guam. Majuro Lagoon is home to huge fishing fleet container boats as well as ancient mariner sailboats. The diving here is very easy & the photo ops are everywhere .............. perhaps worth a consideration?...
              Marshall Islands: Fire Chief (Contingency Hire) - KBR - Pacific, MO        
    But is not limited to camps, ammunition supply points, airfield, lodging facilities, retail facilities, and specialized maintenance facilities....
    From KBR - Tue, 04 Jul 2017 15:48:41 GMT - View all Pacific, MO jobs
              IRS Sets Up Advisory Committee in UAE        
    The Indian Register of Shipping has ventured into the UAE arena to explore more business opportunities. As reported earlier in Dubai, the IRS has set up new advisory committee of seniors to deepen the roots of business links in the UAE region.   The committee is made up of 11 senior representatives that are involved in shipping industry. The head of the UAE and chairman of the Transworld Group that is situated in Dubai reported the announcement of this committee in a company statement yesterday.  The committee is planned to meet on a half yearly basis every year. They will discuss views and contribute their high level strategic advice to the IRS on the different ways to strengthen the business tactics, activities, and links in the UAE.  IRS has to this date grown drastically in terms of marine and non-marine projects in the Middle East. It however, further aims to capitalize on its already established business and strong presence in the UAE.  The meeting was launched with the Regional manager of the UAE. The meeting was attended by 70 guests, including the representatives of the UAE, Marshall Islands, St Vincent, Panama, and Grenadines.  IRS carries the ship classification and certification as an independent ship classification. It also involves technical inspection services.  IRS is a non-profit organization founded in India in 1975. The organization is a member of the 13 member of IACS.  

    Original Post IRS Sets Up Advisory Committee in UAE source Twease
               New Mission Presidents Called in Mexico, Micronesia         

    P. Michael and Wanda K. Poston

    Patrick Michael Poston, 64, and Wanda Kaye Poston, seven children, LaBelle 4th Ward, Rigby Idaho East Stake: Micronesia Guam Mission, succeeding President John S. Zarbock and Sister Kathy Zarbock.

    Sergio A. and María R. Aguilar de Esquihuas

    Brother Esquihuas serves as a ward Young Men president and is a former bishop, high councilor, stake Young Men president, branch president, and missionary in the México Monterrey Mission. Meetinghouse manager, Corporation of the Presiding Bishop. Born in Guadalajara, México, to Jorge Esquihuas and Amelia Avina.Micronesia Guam MissionSister Poston served with her husband in the Virginia Richmond and Marshall Islands Majuro Missions and is a former stake Young Women presidency counselor and ward Primary, Relief Society, and Young Women president. Born in Rigby, Idaho, to Lee Phillips and Wanda Bowles Phillips.Sergio Alberto Esquihuas, 56, and María del Refugio Aguilar de Esquihuas, three children, Santa Ana Ward, Santa Ana California South Stake: México Xalapa Mission, succeeding President Mathew C. Greer and Sister Terrilyn Greer.Sister Esquihuas serves as a Young Women adviser and is a former ward Primary, Relief Society, and Young Women presidency counselor. Born in Barrancas, México, to Simon Aguilar and Domitila Fernandez.México Xalapa MissionBrother Poston recently served as a senior missionary in the Virginia Richmond and Marshall Islands Majuro Missions and is a former stake president, stake presidency counselor, bishop, ward Young Men president, and missionary in the Florida Fort Lauderdale Mission. Retired CPA and partner, Poston, Denney, and Killpack, PLLC. Born in Bishop, California, to Samuel Marion Carey and Evalie Harper.


              Oahu resident to guide vessel to meet Hokulea, Hikianalia in Tahiti for worldwide voyage homestretch        
    The vessel Okeanos Marshall will sail across the Pacific to Tahiti, Hawaii and the Marshall Islands
              Dark, Dingy, Damaged … The Why – and How – of Elevator Cab Renovation        

              Reconstruction and analysis of cesium-137 fallout deposition patterns in the Marshall Islands        
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              Plant-Based Diet Helps Native Americans Overcome Diabetes        

    Success in the Marshall Islands has inspired educators with hope for the Pima tribes of Arizona. Food, not genetics, will turn the diabetes epidemic around.

    The post Plant-Based Diet Helps Native Americans Overcome Diabetes appeared first on Center for Nutrition Studies.

    Written by Kathryn Pollard, MS.


              Nuclear weapons and climate change: A double whammy for the Marshall Islands via The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists        
    On May 30, an unarmed intercontinental ballistic missile launched from the Kwajalein Atoll military base in the Republic of the Marshall Islands collided with an interceptor launched from California’s Vandenberg Air Force Base. Planned for years, the shootdown was the first live-fire test against an ICBM-class target of a system designed to defend the United States against […]
              Competitions: IIDA Best of Asia Pacific Design Awards        
    Registration Deadline: Sep 7, 2017; Submission Deadline Sep 7, 2017

    The 5th annual Best of Asia Pacific Design Awards seek to recognize and honor the highest level of creativity and design excellence in Interior Design/ Interior Architecture projects in the following countries:

    American Samoa, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, East Timor, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kiribati, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis and Futuna.

    Winning entries will be published in an issue of Contract magazine, on the IIDA website, and in the official Winners Brochure. An awards reception will be held at the Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong on December 12, 2017. The Best of Competition winner will be the subject of the IIDA Designer Dialogue video series.

    For more competition info: http://iida.skipsolabs.com/en/challenge/2017-iida-best-of-asia-pacific-design-awards

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              Marshall Islands-based military expert casts doubt on Earhart photo claims        
    A Marshall Islands-based military expert has cast further doubt on claims that a blurry photograph shows famed U.S. aviatrix Amelia Earhart alive in the territory ...
              Marine Benthic Algae of Johnston Atoll: New Species Records, Spatial Distribution, and Taxonomic Affinities with Neighboring Islands.        
    Abstract: Forty-five of the 107 species of marine benthic algae collected during 2004 and 2006 NOAA cruises to isolated Johnston Atoll and two additional species from earlier collections represent new species records. Total number of algae is now increased to 189 species: 26 species of cyanobacteria ( blue-green algae), 105 species of red algae, 15 species of brown algae, and 43 species of green algae. The macroalga Caulerpa serrulata and the epiphyte Lomentaria hakodatensis were the most widely distributed species at Johnston Atoll based on frequency of occurrence at 10 of 12 stations and 8 of 12 stations, respectively, during the 2004 NOAA cruise. Despite the atoll’s isolation, the parasitic red alga Neotenophycus ichthyosteus and the cyanobacterium Borzia elongata are the only endemic algal species on Johnston Atoll. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling analyses indicate that taxonomic affinities of Johnston Atoll lie between French Frigate Shoals and Wake Atoll. In terms of atolls, biodiversity of the marine flora of Johnston Atoll (i.e., 189 species) is surpassed only by the 256 algal species of the much-larger and better-studied Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands. Description: v. ill. 23 cm.; Quarterly
              Petition to Support - Pacific Nation Challenges Nine Nuclear-Armed States in Lawsuits before the World Court        
    Sign the Petition at this link http://www.nuclearzero.org/

    Republic of Marshall Islands’ Historic Lawsuits Charge the U.S., Russia, UK, France, China, Israel, India, Pakistan and North Korea with Breaches of International Law

    April 24, 2014 –The Hague, Netherlands — The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) today filed unprecedented lawsuits in the International Court of Justice to hold the nine nuclear-armed states accountable for flagrant violations of international law with respect to their nuclear disarmament obligations under the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and customary international law.

    The small island nation, which was used for 12 years as a testing ground for nuclear bombs by the United States, says the five original nuclear weapon states – U.S., Russia, UK, France and China – are continuously breaching their legal obligations under the treaty. The lawsuits also contend that all nine nuclear-armed nations are violating customary international law.

    Article VI of the NPT requires states to pursue negotiations “in good faith” on cessation of the nuclear arms race “at an early date” and nuclear disarmament. The five original nuclear weapon states are parties to the treaty but continue to ignore their obligations. The four newer nuclear-armed states – Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea – are not parties to the treaty but are bound by these nuclear disarmament provisions under customary international law.

    “Our people have suffered the catastrophic and irreparable damage of these weapons, and we vow to fight so that no one else on earth will ever again experience these atrocities,” said Marshall Islands Foreign Minister Tony de Brum. “The continued existence of nuclear weapons and the terrible risk they pose to the world threaten us all.”

    “The failure of these nuclear-armed countries to uphold important commitments and respect the law makes the world a more dangerous place,” said Archbishop Desmond Tutu, a vocal backer of the lawsuits. “We must ask why these leaders continue to break their promises and put their citizens and the world at risk of horrific devastation. This is one of the most fundamental moral and legal questions of our time.”

    These lawsuits detail the states’ offenses in continuing to modernize their arsenals while failing to negotiate nuclear disarmament. The nuclear-armed states are projected to spend $1 trillion on their arsenals in the next decade.

    The Marshall Islands does not seek compensation with these lawsuits. Rather, it seeks declaratory and injunctive relief requiring the nine nuclear-armed states to comply with their obligations.

    “In 1996, the World Court unanimously held, ‘There exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.’ The nuclear-armed states have chosen to ignore this ever since and in these cases the Marshall Islands requests the Court to tell them in no uncertain terms that they need to fully meet international obligations,” said Phon van den Biesen, who is heading up the RMI’s international legal team with Tony de Brum.

    Three of the nine states, the UK, India, and Pakistan, accept the compulsory jurisdiction of the World Court when the opposing state equally has done so, as has the Marshall Islands. As to the other six states, the RMI is calling on them to accept the jurisdiction of the Court for this particular case and explain to the Court their positions regarding the nuclear disarmament obligations.

    The United States conducted 67 nuclear weapon tests in the Marshall Islands from 1946 to1958, and the health and environmental effects still plague the Marshall Islanders today. The power of the 1954 “Castle Bravo” nuclear test was 1,000 times greater than the bomb that destroyed the city of Hiroshima.

    World leaders, international non-governmental organizations, world-class experts and Nobel Peace Laureates have declared strong support for these lawsuits and have denounced nuclear weapons as immoral (see list on the website). The lawsuits are also supported by the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (NAPF), a U.S.-based civil society organization consulting with the Marshall Islands and its international pro bono legal team.

    “Nuclear weapons threaten everyone and everything we love and treasure. They threaten civilization and the human species. After 46 years with no negotiations in sight, it is time to end this madness,” said David Krieger, president of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. “The Marshall Islands is saying enough is enough. It is taking a bold and courageous stand on behalf of all humanity, and we at the Foundation are proud to stand by their side.”

    The lawsuits filed today in the International Court of Justice in The Hague are accompanied by a related lawsuit brought in U.S. Federal District Court in San Francisco against the United States.

    To learn more about these lawsuits please go to www.nuclearzero.org.

              Do Governments Really Conduct Secret Research on their Own People?        
    The Plutonium Files: America's Secret Medical Experiments in the Cold War 

    In her 1999 book Eileen Welsome reveals a history of United States government-engineered radiation experiments conducted on unwitting Americans, based on the Pulitzer Prize–winning series Welsome wrote for The Albuquerque Tribune.

    The experiments began in 1945, when Manhattan Project scientists were preparing to detonate the first atomic bomb. Radiation was known to be dangerous and the experiments were designed to ascertain the detailed effect of radiation on human health. Most of the subjects, Welsome says, were poor, powerless, and sick.

    From 1945 to 1947, 18 people were injected with plutonium by Manhattan project doctors. This experiment was under the supervision of Harold Hodge.[4] Other experiments directed by the United States Atomic Energy Commission and the Manhattan Project continued into the 1970s. The Plutonium Files chronicles the lives of the subjects of the secret program by naming each person involved and discussing the ethical and medical research conducted in secret by the scientists and doctors. Albert Stevens, the man who survived the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human, 4-year-old Simeon Shaw sent from Australia to the U.S. for treatment, and Elmer Allen are some of the notable subjects of the Manhattan Project program led by Dr. Joseph Gilbert Hamilton.

    In Nashville, pregnant women were given radioactive mixtures. In Cincinnati, some 200 patients were irradiated over a period of 15 years. In Chicago, 102 people received injections of strontium and caesium solutions. In Massachusetts, 57 developmentally disabled children were fed radioactive oatmeal in an experiment sponsored by MIT and the Quaker Oats Company. In none of these cases were the subjects informed about the nature of the procedures, and thus could not have provided informed consent.

    In the book these stories are interwoven with details of more well-known radiation experiments and accidents. These include: U.S. soldiers deliberately exposed to nuclear bomb blasts; families who lived downwind from atomic tests; radiation exposure in the Marshall Islands; and the Japanese Lucky Dragon trawler caught in the fallout from a massive hydrogen bomb blast in 1954.

    The government covered up most of these radiation mishaps until 1993, when President Bill Clinton ordered a change of policy and federal agencies then made available records dealing with human radiation experiments. The resulting investigation was undertaken by the president’s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, and it uncovered much of the material included in Welsome's book. The committee issued a controversial 1995 report which said that "wrongs were committed" but it did not condemn those who perpetrated them. The final report came out on October 3, 1995, the same day as the verdict in the O.J. Simpson case, when much of the media's attention was directed elsewhere.

    Jonathan D. Moreno was a senior staff member of the committee. He wrote the 1999 book Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans, which covers some of the same ground as The Plutonium Files.
              Marshall Islands Nuclear Lawsuit Reopens Old Wounds        
    Newsweek article by Lucy Westcott looks at the Marshall Islands lawsuit.



    The David and Goliath lawsuit claims the U.S. and its nuclear counterparts has failed to comply with the 44-year-old Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty, which seeks to eliminate the international cadre of nuclear weapons, and promote the peaceful use of nuclear power. Filed on April 24, 2014, it seeks peace and adopts the line: If not us, who? If not now, when?

     Read the full article HERE


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              BREAKING – Harry Reid Caught In $2 MILLION Bribery Scheme, Trump Prepares to Investigat        
    Salt Lake Tribune) – The $2 million cashier’s check was drawn at a St. George bank Nov. 5, 2010. From there, it was sent by FedEx to a Los Angeles attorney who represented Ireland-based Full Tilt Poker. Made out to “Mail Media LTD” — a Full Tilt-owned entity used to launder online-gambling funds — the millions then were deposited at Basler Kantonalbank in Switzerland, where Mail Media had an account. And from there, Davis County Attorney Troy Rawlings is investigating whether it went into a Marshall Islands account in the name of Searchlight Holding Inc. to benefit, or even bribe,...
              A $2M check, Harry Reid and one frustrated prosecutor        
    (Salt Lake Tribune) – The $2 million cashier’s check was drawn at a St. George bank Nov. 5, 2010. From there, it was sent by FedEx to a Los Angeles attorney who represented Ireland-based Full Tilt Poker. Made out to “Mail Media LTD” — a Full Tilt-owned entity used to launder online-gambling funds — the millions then were deposited at Basler Kantonalbank in Switzerland, where Mail Media had an account. And from there, Davis County Attorney Troy Rawlings is investigating whether it went into a Marshall Islands account in the name of Searchlight Holding Inc. to benefit, or even bribe,...
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    The $2 million cashier's check was drawn at a St. George bank Nov. 5, 2010. From there, it was sent by FedEx to a Los Angeles attorney who represented Ireland-based Full Tilt Poker. Made out to "Mail Media LTD" — a Full Tilt-owned entity used to launder online-gambling funds — the millions then were deposited at Basler Kantonalbank in Switzerland, where Mail Media had an account. And from there, Davis County Attorney Troy Rawlings is investigating whether it went into a Marshall Islands account in the name of Searchlight Holding Inc. to benefit, or even bribe, Harry Reid, the once-powerful...
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    As I was, Jim Geraghty is struck by how absolutely stupid Donald Trump Jr. appears to have been.
    Could just anybody get in the door and get a sit-down meeting at the height of the campaign just by promising they knew damaging information about the Clintons? I mean, didn’t we all know some (already-disclosed) damaging information about the Clintons?

    ....At any point did anyone ask, “Hey, why would a publicist and former British tabloid reporter have access to Russian government information?” Most of the media world is jumping up and down, excited that this is the long-desired evidence of collusion that they’ve sought. I find the bigger, more troubling question to be the performance of Donald Trump Jr.’s BS detector.
    I understand that any campaign wants damaging information about their opponent. But they don't necessarily think they'll receive honest oppo from such a farcical pair and they should know better than sending the top guys in the campaign in to meet with a Russian lawyer,especially after receiving an email that, as Junior released yesterday refers to the "Crown prosecuotor of Russia" having information that "is part of Russia and its government's support for Mr. Trump" to which he replied "love it." That's just monumentally stupid. But I don't know that anyone has ever claimed that Junior is anything other than a not-extremely bright trust-fund baby.

    I'm not sure what anyone thought was meant by the term "crown prosecutor." I would bet that no one has held such a title since 1917. And since this woman turned out to be some lawyer and not a prosecutor, it's even more of a misnomer. But we're not talking about a group of foreign policy experts here.

    And Josh Barro raises an intriguing point.

    John Hinderaker does point
    out that, whatever was said in that email to Trump, Jr., it does seem that either Rob Goldstone, who wrote the email, or the Russian lawyer, Natalia Veselnitskaya, were lying to the Trump campaign as they didn't have the information that they promised on the Clinton campaign, at least according to Trump, Jr.'s description of the meeting. Whether his description is accurate remains to be seen given how his descriptions of why he held this meeting have changed several times over the past few days.

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    I don't know if top Trump campaign officials taking a meeting when they were promised information on Clinton that would come from the Russian government technically fits the definition of collusion, but it sure is sleazy and distasteful. Although Randall Eliason writes in the Washington Post argues that it could be evidence of conspiracy. However, it is not as if the Democrats come with pure hands when it comes to accepting foreign help to win a campaign. Does anyone remember the 1996 Clinton campaign and the involvement of the Chinese? Remember this story.
    A Justice Department investigation into improper political fund-raising activities has uncovered evidence that representatives of the People's Republic of China sought to direct contributions from foreign sources to the Democratic National Committee before the 1996 presidential campaign, officials familiar with the inquiry said.

    Sensitive intelligence information shows that the Chinese Embassy on Connecticut Avenue NW here was used for planning contributions to the DNC, the sources said. Some information was obtained through electronic eavesdropping conducted by federal agencies.
    Of course, the Clinton campaign leaders weren't dumb enough to take meetings with any representatives of the Chinese government. It took the Trump campaign to be that obliviously dumb.

    Liz Shield of PJ Media reminds us that the 2012 Obama campaign had made it easy for foreigners to contribute to their campaign in contravention of the law.

    And the Trump White House is reminding us that the DNC worked with officials at the Ukraine embassy to put forth damaging information about the Trump campaign. Here is the story from Politico in January.
    Ukrainian government officials tried to help Hillary Clinton and undermine Trump by publicly questioning his fitness for office. They also disseminated documents implicating a top Trump aide in corruption and suggested they were investigating the matter, only to back away after the election. And they helped Clinton’s allies research damaging information on Trump and his advisers, a Politico investigation found.

    A Ukrainian-American operative who was consulting for the Democratic National Committee met with top officials in the Ukrainian Embassy in Washington in an effort to expose ties between Trump, top campaign aide Paul Manafort and Russia, according to people with direct knowledge of the situation.

    The Ukrainian efforts had an impact in the race, helping to force Manafort’s resignation and advancing the narrative that Trump’s campaign was deeply connected to Ukraine’s foe to the east, Russia. But they were far less concerted or centrally directed than Russia’s alleged hacking and dissemination of Democratic emails.
    Well, at least Ukraine's interference had the benefit of being true rather than whatever mumbo jumbo being fed to Junior at that meeting.

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    Meanwhile the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology is looking into ways that the Russians have been funneling millions of dollars to environmental non-profits to help them organize against shale gas in order to "maintain dependence on imported Russian gas."

    Leaving aside the specific question of which vehicles Putin’s government uses to conduct influence campaigns, the two Texas Republicans aren’t the only ones who have made the more general accusation that Russia has been funding green front groups to disrupt energy supplies that would compete with Russian oil and gas. If a document posted last year on WikiLeaks is to be believed, Clinton campaign staff summarized in an email attachment Hillary Clinton’s remarks on the subject during a private speech:
    Clinton Talked About “Phony Environmental Groups” Funded By The Russians To Stand Against Pipelines And Fracking. “We were up against Russia pushing oligarchs and others to buy media. We were even up against phony environmental groups, and I’m a big environmentalist, but these were funded by the Russians to stand against any effort, oh that pipeline, that fracking, that whatever will be a problem for you, and a lot of the money supporting that message was coming from Russia.” [Remarks at tinePublic, 6/18/14]
    Reading further into the speech summaries in the WikiLeaks document, this column is struck by how much more sensible Mrs. Clinton’s private remarks were compared to her public positions:
    Clinton Discussed Promoting Oil Pipelines and Fracking In Eastern Europe. “So how far this aggressiveness goes I think is really up to us. I would like to see us accelerating the development of pipelines from Azerbaijan up into Europe. I would like to see us looking for ways to accelerate the internal domestic production. Poland recently signed a big contract to explore hydraulic fracturing to see what it could produce. Apparently, there is thought to be some good reserves there. And just really go at this in a self interested, smart way. The Russians can only intimidate you if you are dependent upon them.” [International Leaders’ Series, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, 3/18/14]
    Hillary Clinton obviously knows the terrain and perhaps Mr. Mnuchin (whose department holds expertise in tracking international financial flows) should start his inquiry by interviewing the former secretary of State. He might also gain some insights into Russia’s strategy to handicap competing sources of fossil fuels by talking to former Clinton campaign Chairman John Podesta.

    Mr. Podesta has been back in the news lately after President Trump oddly tweeted from Germany to report that “everyone” at the G20 was talking about the former Clinton and Obama aide’s response to last year’s theft and disclosure of Democrats’ emails.

    More relevant to the issue of Russian efforts to undermine U.S. oil and gas, Mr. Podesta served on the board of a solar energy start-up where he invested alongside a fund backed by the Russian government. Last year a Clinton campaign spokesman said that when Mr. Podesta returned to the White House in 2014, he “transferred the entirety of his holdings” in the solar company “to his adult children.”
    Let's remember that there are many, many ways that the RUssians have attempted to interfere and influence both American politics and that of other nations. There is a lot to be outraged about and let's not limit ourselves to outrage about the Junior Trump's inept attempts to find oppo research on the Clintons when there are other outrages to be exposed. I guess the Democrats are just not as outraged about Russian influence among anti-fracking and other non-profit environmental groups as they are when they can cast shade at the Trumps.


    Jonah Goldberg explains
    why he just doesn't like writing about the Russian investigations. Unlike Trump and Democratic partisans, he's not willing to believe that it is more or less likely that the Trump campaign or Trump himself were or weren't looking to work with the Russians in an inappropriate matter.
    But here’s the thing: I wouldn’t be surprised by almost any finding by Robert Mueller. If he found no truly damning evidence of collusion, that wouldn’t surprise me at all. Nor would I be shocked if he found evidence of collusion. Sure, if he unearthed a videotape of Trump and Putin plotting their strategy over shvitz, I’d find that shocking. But you know what I mean.

    And this is why I marvel at the ability of some people to defend the White House every single day on this story. If there is one thing we’ve learned from this president, it’s that going too far out on a limb brings out the saw. Poor Steve Mnuchin. He went out on Sunday and heaped praise on this joint US-Russia Cyber Fox Force Five idea that the president blurted out on Twitter. Within a few hours, Trump left Mnuchin out to dry. It happens again and again.

    It’s the same thing with this Donald Trump Jr. story.

    There were no meetings with Russians. Well there was that meeting about adoption with that Russian lawyer (attended by the campaign manager). Well, it was a meeting about opposition research that turned into a meeting about adoption, but I had no idea the Russian government was involved. Then the NYT reports last night about an email saying the meeting was pitched as part of a Russian-government operation. Then this morning the Russian lawyer says it was the Trump team that was desperate for Clinton dirt.

    Now this story may end up being wrong, because shady Russian lawyers lie and the press screws stuff up a lot on this kind of thing too. It may be, as one often hears, that this is all an effort by Jared Kushner to screw his brother-in-law and distract the press from his woes. Or maybe it’s all a terrible dream.

    But that’s my larger point. Who the hell knows?

    What I just don’t understand is how conservatives can mock, scoff at, and ridicule the idea there might be some legs to this story when Donald Trump does everything he can to make it look like there might be a there there. He fired the FBI director. He told the Russian ambassador he did it to thwart the Russia investigation. He told Lester Holt the same thing. Donald Trump is clearly obsessed with the Russia story and with forging a bromance with Vladimir Putin. Both his son and his son-in-law have ties to Russia and keep having to revise their denials, making anyone who believed them in the first place look foolish.

    Why not just wait and see?
    If these accusations had been made about other Republicans such as Reagan, either of the Bushes, Bob Dole, John McCain, or Mitt Romney, would any but the most rabid partisan Democrats believe it? But who really has any faith that Trump and his associates wouldn't do something extremely dumb and self-destructive? I mean, Trump's tweets demonstrate that he's able and quite willing to do so almost every single day. And his supporters are willing to cheer and defend him when he does. On the other hand, the Russians were going to interfere in the election without the approbation of the Trump people. That is what they do. They probably had no expectation that Trump would actually win so they didn't need to make deals with him ahead of time. And his rhetoric throughout the campaign gave them reason to believe that he would be easier to deal with on issues like sanctions than Clinton would have been. Why would they need to send some obscure lawyer to meet with Trump Jr. to hand off charges against the Clintons when they were perfectly capable of releasing such information any time they wanted?

    Jay Nordlinger adds in his thoughts about how Republicans should react to this and other stories.
    (3) Being a conservative does not mean being a defender of a Republican administration, come what may. Conscience ought to come before tribe.

    “The conscience of a conservative” — could work as the title of a book.

    (4) I hope Robert Mueller has time to complete his work — to do it soberly, responsibly, and thoroughly. A lot of people are looking to him. A lot of people are curious about the question, What exactly happened, Russia-wise, in the 2016 campaign?

    (5) It’s true, a lot of people don’t care. They tend to be Republicans. And those who do care tend to be Democrats. This is typical politics.

    If the Kremlin had attempted to aid Hillary, and Hillary had been elected, R’s would be red-hot to find out everything that happened — every jot and tittle. And D’s would say “hoax,” “witch hunt,” “move on,” etc.

    (6) I don’t remember “hoax,” but, in the ’90s, I heard a lot of “witch hunt” and “move on.” Every day. In fact, Democrats founded an organization called “Move On”! What is new under the sun?

    ....(11) I myself doubt that much happened between the Kremlin and Team Trump in 2016. What is damning, I think, is Trump’s public statements about Putin and the Kremlin: about the political killings and so on.

    (12) It’s an ever-useful exercise to ask, “What would I be saying if the shoe were on the other foot? If the shoe were on the other party’s foot?”

    The other day, Trump had his elder daughter, Ivanka, sit in for him at an international summit. Warm his chair, so to speak. D’s thought this was gross; R’s either defended it or shrugged.

    What if Hillary had been elected and then had Chelsea sit in? What would D’s say, what would R’s say? You can hear them — hear us — can’t you?

    Often, there is no principle involved: just tribes. Red shirts and blue shirts or what have you.

    (13) Everyone gripes about the press, including me. I have made a virtual career out of it. I have especially griped about the New York Times, for they are the Big Kahuna. Once, I said to Rob Long, “I’m afraid my column is nothing but ‘Jay Nordlinger reads the New York Times and then fumes.’” Rob, nicely, answered, “What’s wrong with that?”

    Griping aside, a free press is a wondrous thing, and relatively rare in the world. It is indispensable to a democracy.

    Last week, Putin was sitting with Trump and pointed at some reporters. “Are these the ones who hurt your feelings?” he asked. The two leaders had a good chuckle over that.

    In Russia, you don’t hurt Putin’s feelings and last for long. There is a long roll of dead who can testify to that, or would.
    No, in Putin's Russia, such journalists often find themselves arrested or murdered. Those screaming that "Democracy dies in darkness" should ponder the contrast between Putin's actions and Trump's tweets. Overall, Nordlinger has some very good advice - perhaps we might consider it a Golden Rule of partisanship. Ask yourself how you would react if the other party did something and then react accordingly, even if it is someone ostensibly from your own team. Too often it seemed that liberals didn't apply that rule when it was the Obama administration; it's distressing to see so many conservatives not applying it to the Trump administration and campaign.

    Guy Benson has a rant in a similar vein
    in answer to those criticizing him for reporting the Trump Junior story and analyzing it as very damaging. He calls out conservatives who are adopting a new standard whereby "if it's not a literal crime, it's NBD." He challenges conservatives to say if they would accept such an argument from Clinton about Benghazi or Lois Lerner and the IRS. He concludes,
    He coins a phrase for conservatives who don't want to hear criticism of Trump as seeking "safe-space snowflake-ism." I like that.

    25% Off in Office and School Supplies

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    The WSJ summarizes
    what the Democrats have been doing in the Senate to block Trump's nominations. These Senate rules are amazingly idiotic.
    President Trump got an inexcusably slow start making nominations, but in the past few weeks he’s been catching up to his predecessors. According to the Partnership for Public Service, as of June 28 Mr. Trump had nominated 178 appointees but the Senate had confirmed only 46. Barack Obama had 183 nominees confirmed by that date in his first term, and George W. Bush 130....

    Democratic obstruction against nominees is nearly total, most notably including a demand for cloture filings for every nominee—no matter how minor the position. This means a two-day waiting period and then another 30 hours of debate. The 30-hour rule means Mr. Trump might not be able to fill all of those 400 positions in four years. The cloture rule also allows the minority to halt other business during the 30-hour debate period, which helps slow the GOP policy and oversight agenda.

    Democrats have also refused to return a single “blue slip” to the Judiciary Committee, which has the effect of blocking consideration of judicial nominees from their home states. Senators like Minnesota’s Al Franken and Amy Klobuchar are holding hostage the eminently qualified Minnesota Supreme Court Justice David Stras for the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals for no reason other than politics.

    Minority Leader Chuck Schumer’s troops are even invoking an obscure rule that prohibits committees from doing business more than two hours after the Senate opens for the day. Republicans have had to cancel briefings on national security and Russia electoral interference, as well as scrap a markup of two human-trafficking bills.
    Since the Democrats are carrying these rules to the extreme, it's time to get rid of them. And the Republicans should do this on their own just as the Democrats got rid of the filibuster rule on judicial nominations. The WSJ recommends,
    Frustrated Republicans may soon begin listening to Oklahoma Senator Jim Lankford, who wants the majority to impose the eight-hour rule unilaterally. Most debate about nominees occurs during vetting and in committees. Eight hours on the floor is enough for all but the most controversial nominees, and the Senate could then get back to other business.

    As for the blue-slip tradition, it was designed to facilitate advice and consent by allowing Senators to use their home-state knowledge about local judges to better inform the White House. But it is a courtesy, not a rule, and Judiciary Chairman Chuck Grassley can ignore Senators who are using their blue slips as ideological vetoes of qualified candidates.

    Mr. Trump has nominated first-rate judges, and Mr. Grassley is justified in suspending blue-slip privileges on a case-by-case basis. Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has also been starting the Senate at different times of the day to get around the Democratic sabotage of committee work. But note Mr. Schumer’s childishness in forcing a game of Senate hide-and-seek.

    Mr. McConnell will be wary of Mr. Lankford’s advice to change a Senate rule in the middle of the term, but the Majority Leader rightly did so when Democrats staged a historic filibuster of Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch. Democrats aren’t using cloture to raise the level of debate or highlight unqualified nominees. They are using it—and have said as much—to sabotage a Presidency. That isn’t what the Founders intended, and Republicans have every right to stop this abuse of process to let the President form a government.

    Well, this sounds like the definitive kibosh on that whole Amelia Earhart being captured by the Japanese story. It seems that the photo at the foundation of the theory was from at least 1935 and Earhart disappeared in 1937.
    But serious doubts now surround the film’s premise after a Tokyo-based blogger unearthed the same photograph in the archives of the National Diet Library, Japan’s national library.

    The image was part of a Japanese-language travelogue about the South Seas that was published almost two years before Earhart disappeared. Page 113 states the book was published in Japanese-held Palau on 10 October 1935.

    The caption beneath the image makes no mention of the identities of the people in the photograph. It describes maritime activity at the harbour on Jabor in the Jaluit atoll – the headquarters for Japan’s administration of the Marshall Islands between the first world war and its defeat in the second world war.

    The caption notes that monthly races between schooners belonging to local tribal leaders and other vessels turned the port into a “bustling spectacle”.

    Kota Yamano, a military history blogger who unearthed the Japanese photograph, said it took him just 30 minutes to effectively debunk the documentary’s central claim....

    Yamano ran an online search using the keyword “Jaluit atoll” and a decade-long timeframe starting in 1930.

    “The photo was the 10th item that came up,” he said. “I was really happy when I saw it. I find it strange that the documentary makers didn’t confirm the date of the photograph or the publication in which it originally appeared. That’s the first thing they should have done.”
    Ah, a Google search. What researcher would think of that?
              Pacific states urge shipping industry to reduce emissions        

    A coalition of Pacific Island ministers has launched a joint call for the global shipping industry to cut greenhouse gas emissions. Photo: RNZ / Claire Eastham-Farrelly Ministers from the Marshall Islands, Tuvalu and Kiribati were joined by envoys from Fiji, Vanuatu and Palau in urging member states of the International Maritime Organisation to try and limit […]

    The post Pacific states urge shipping industry to reduce emissions appeared first on Cubic Transport Services.


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              Investigating the Petition of Marshall Islands against Britain in the International Court of Justice        

    The international court of justice was established by Charter of the United Nations and is considered as one of its integral parts in which only experienced and knowledgeable judges and lawyers can be employed. In fact, it consists of several independent judicial institutions. Marshall Islands, a country which was cruelly imposed to nuclear tests, was brave enough to sue powerful countries with nuclear weapons. In 1996, nuclear weapons case was considered by the international court of justice for the first time. All the court’s members came to this conclusion that these countries should stop their nuclear activities and they are not permitted to use any nuclear weapon. As a result they ratified a bill. Then, Marshall Islands’ petition was considered by the international court of justice in The Hague. This country also took legal action against U.S.A. and the federal judiciary of the United States accepted to take it into consideration. This paper aims at analyzing the petition of Marshall Islands against Britain in the international court of justice. According to the content of this petition, countries can’t develop their nuclear weapons which threat men and the world. As a result, the destruction of present nuclear weapons is the only effective way to achieve this goal.


              Mattlan Zackhras, Marshall Islands climate leader, dies aged 47        

    Tributes to Minister Zackhras highlight his work at home and abroad to defend islands threatened by climate change

    The post Mattlan Zackhras, Marshall Islands climate leader, dies aged 47 appeared first on Climate Home - climate change news.


              Missionaries Teach English Classes in Marshall Islands Catholic School        
    Ebeye, Republic of Marshall Islands | Wednesday, 02 August 2017 |

    Young men and women serving full-time missions with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Ebeye, Republic of Marshall Islands have volunteered their services to teach English classes for the Queen of Peace Catholic Primary School.


              Marshall Islands Company – GBP650        

    MARSHALL ISLANDS COMPANY INFORMATION /ONLY £650:

    All corporate documents are provided to start your offshore company. Including one set of notarized docs with apostile

    We will supply the following:

    • Address and agent
    • Goverment fees included
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    • Memorandum & Articles of Association
    • First minutes
    • Share Certificates including bearer shares if required
    • One set of Notarized docs with apostille
    • All documents are sent by courier at no extra cost

    Year two fees £699 (we will send you a reminder when due)

    How do I order?

    Just add to cart below and complete your details.  You can also send payment via bank transfer. Please contact us for our bank details

    We will ship all company documents direct from our agent to save time. Please note we can only process orders on receipt of original compliance documents.

              Tell Netflix to Nix DRM on original productions        

    Through the creation of original work, Netflix can no longer hide behind the excuse that they only use DRM due to requirements from the film and television industries. Netflix needs to work for their subscribers, and their subscribers are mistreated by DRM. Please sign the petition below, insisting that Netflix respect the rights of its subscribers!

    If you'd like to read more about the issue first, scroll past the letter.

    To: Reed Hastings, Netflix Founder and CEO, and Officers and Directors of the Board

    Please Drop DRM on Netflix Originals

    Please drop DRM on Netflix Originals.

    For years you've said Hollywood production companies and other studios have demanded videos be restricted with DRM before they can be streamed on Netflix. Now that you're producing a large volume of original movies and shows, no one is holding you back from releasing them DRM-free.

    You have transformed how people engage with media, but now you need to think bigger. We believe you know that DRM is harmful, that it is simply not right to demand deep control over Netflix watchers' computers just because they might do something wrong.

    We're asking you to make Netflix Originals available without DRM. We respect your creative efforts. Respect us by making it possible to enjoy these movies and shows without installing dangerous, restrictive, unethical software. Netflix fancies itself an innovative company. We can't have innovation without freedom, and we can't have freedom with DRM.

    Sincerely, the undersigned



    TO SIGN

    Please create an account below while you sign the petition. If you have an account, please follow this link to log-in and sign. Sorry for the inconvenience.

     Check if you use Netflix
     Check to receive updates on our anti-DRM work



    We won't share your information. See our privacy policy.


    Why you should sign

    DRM is the practice of imposing technological restrictions that control what users can do with digital media. This concentrates control over production and distribution of media, giving DRM peddlers the power to carry out massive digital book (or movie!) burnings and large scale surveillance over people's media viewing habits.

    Why does Netflix have Digital Restrictions Management (DRM) on their original productions? In the past, they have excused their use of DRM by claiming that the film and television industries made them do it.

    That was an unacceptable excuse to begin with, but now that they make their own movies and shows, it's also a blatant falsehood.

    More on Netflix & their relationship to DRM

    We have been urging people to cancel their Netflix subscriptions-- and not only because the videos are locked down with DRM.

    Netflix was an early supporter of efforts to get DRM (via "Encrypted Media Extensions") into Web standards (along with companies like Microsoft, Google, Comcast, and even the BBC). Netflix's DRM requirements pushed Mozilla to add it Firefox. Subscriber fees have paid for this lobbying and activity.

    DRM proponents talk about the security provided by DRM, but while it may "protect" video files by limiting your access to them, it also opens you up to risks. The Electronic Frontier Foundation rightly points out that "DRM creates a massive security hole by requiring users to give up some control of their own computers." This weakness in DRM is one example of the security threat it poses to your devices: by being easy to break, it is easy to break into and use to do things like taking advantage of backdoors DRM programs install in your devices.

    Contrary to public statements that restrictive technologies like DRM are a requirement in obtaining a license, artists have asked Netflix to provide their work DRM-free. When cartoonist and animator Nina Paley asked them to stream her film "Sita Sings the Blues"DRM-free, they told her it wasn't possible with their electronic delivery system. They also refused to allow her to add a notice telling viewers where they could find and download the film.

    In addition to Paley, Aziz Ansari, Jim Gaffigan, and Louis CK all sell DRM-free videos from their own sites. However, Netflix made their Netflix Specials come with DRM. We've been asking ourselves if they really required Netflix to add it in order to make and stream these videos.

    We're always working to keep you informed about DRM. To learn more, read:


              Tell Netflix to Nix DRM on original productions        

    Through the creation of original work, Netflix can no longer hide behind the excuse that they only use DRM due to requirements from the film and television industries. Netflix needs to work for their subscribers, and their subscribers are mistreated by DRM. Please sign the petition below, insisting that Netflix respect the rights of its subscribers!

    If you'd like to read more about the issue first, scroll past the letter.

    To: Reed Hastings, Netflix Founder and CEO, and Officers and Directors of the Board

    Please Drop DRM on Netflix Originals

    Please drop DRM on Netflix Originals.

    For years you've said Hollywood production companies and other studios have demanded videos be restricted with DRM before they can be streamed on Netflix. Now that you're producing a large volume of original movies and shows, no one is holding you back from releasing them DRM-free.

    You have transformed how people engage with media, but now you need to think bigger. We believe you know that DRM is harmful, that it is simply not right to demand deep control over Netflix watchers' computers just because they might do something wrong.

    We're asking you to make Netflix Originals available without DRM. We respect your creative efforts. Respect us by making it possible to enjoy these movies and shows without installing dangerous, restrictive, unethical software. Netflix fancies itself an innovative company. We can't have innovation without freedom, and we can't have freedom with DRM.

    Sincerely, the undersigned



    TO SIGN

    Please create an account below while you sign the petition. If you have an account, please follow this link to log-in and sign. Sorry for the inconvenience.

     Check if you use Netflix
     Check to receive updates on our anti-DRM work



    We won't share your information. See our privacy policy.


    Why you should sign

    DRM is the practice of imposing technological restrictions that control what users can do with digital media. This concentrates control over production and distribution of media, giving DRM peddlers the power to carry out massive digital book (or movie!) burnings and large scale surveillance over people's media viewing habits.

    Why does Netflix have Digital Restrictions Management (DRM) on their original productions? In the past, they have excused their use of DRM by claiming that the film and television industries made them do it.

    That was an unacceptable excuse to begin with, but now that they make their own movies and shows, it's also a blatant falsehood.

    More on Netflix & their relationship to DRM

    We have been urging people to cancel their Netflix subscriptions-- and not only because the videos are locked down with DRM.

    Netflix was an early supporter of efforts to get DRM (via "Encrypted Media Extensions") into Web standards (along with companies like Microsoft, Google, Comcast, and even the BBC). Netflix's DRM requirements pushed Mozilla to add it Firefox. Subscriber fees have paid for this lobbying and activity.

    DRM proponents talk about the security provided by DRM, but while it may "protect" video files by limiting your access to them, it also opens you up to risks. The Electronic Frontier Foundation rightly points out that "DRM creates a massive security hole by requiring users to give up some control of their own computers." This weakness in DRM is one example of the security threat it poses to your devices: by being easy to break, it is easy to break into and use to do things like taking advantage of backdoors DRM programs install in your devices.

    Contrary to public statements that restrictive technologies like DRM are a requirement in obtaining a license, artists have asked Netflix to provide their work DRM-free. When cartoonist and animator Nina Paley asked them to stream her film "Sita Sings the Blues"DRM-free, they told her it wasn't possible with their electronic delivery system. They also refused to allow her to add a notice telling viewers where they could find and download the film.

    In addition to Paley, Aziz Ansari, Jim Gaffigan, and Louis CK all sell DRM-free videos from their own sites. However, Netflix made their Netflix Specials come with DRM. We've been asking ourselves if they really required Netflix to add it in order to make and stream these videos.

    We're always working to keep you informed about DRM. To learn more, read:


              Global deal reached to limit powerful greenhouse gases        
    U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (C) chats with senior Pakistani government officials before holding a bilateral meeting to promote U.S. climate and environmental goals, at the Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on the elimination of hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs) use in Rwanda's capital Kigali October 14, 2016. REUTERS/James Akena - RTSS8W3

    U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (C) chats with senior Pakistani government officials before holding a bilateral meeting to promote U.S. climate and environmental goals, at the Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on the elimination of hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs) use in Rwanda’s capital Kigali October 14, 2016. Photo by James Akena/Reuters

    KIGALI, Rwanda — Nearly 200 nations have reached a deal, announced Saturday morning after all-night negotiations, to limit the use of greenhouse gases far more powerful than carbon dioxide in a major effort to fight climate change.

    The talks on hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, were called the first test of global will since the historic Paris Agreement to cut carbon emissions was reached last year. HFCs are described as the world’s fastest-growing climate pollutant and are used in air conditioners and refrigerators. Experts say cutting them is the fastest way to reduce global warming.

    President Barack Obama, in a statement Saturday, called the new deal “an ambitious and far-reaching solution to this looming crisis.”

    The agreement, unlike the broader Paris one, is legally binding. It caps and reduces the use of HFCs in a gradual process beginning by 2019 with action by developed countries including the United States, the world’s second-worst polluter. More than 100 developing countries, including China, the world’s top carbon emitter, will start taking action by 2024, when HFC consumption levels should peak.

    A small group of countries including India, Pakistan and some Gulf states pushed for and secured a later start in 2028, saying their economies need more time to grow. That’s three years earlier than India, the world’s third-worst polluter, had first proposed.

    “It’s a very historic moment, and we are all very delighted that we have come to this point where we can reach a consensus and agree to most of the issues that were on the table,” said India’s chief delegate, Ajay Narayan Jha.

    Environmental groups had hoped that the deal could reduce global warming by a half-degree Celsius by the end of this century. This agreement gets about 90 percent of the way there, said Durwood Zaelke, president of the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development.

    Zaelke’s group said this is the “largest temperature reduction ever achieved by a single agreement.”

    The new agreement is “equal to stopping the entire world’s fossil-fuel CO2 emissions for more than two years,” David Doniger, climate and clean air program director with the Natural Resources Defense Council, said in a statement.

    It is estimated that the agreement will cut the global levels of HFCs by 80 to 85 percent by 2047, the World Resources Institute said in a statement.

    Experts said they hope that market forces will help speed up the limits agreed to in the deal.

    HFCs were introduced in the 1980s as a substitute for ozone-depleting gases. But their danger has grown as air conditioner and refrigerator sales have soared in emerging economies like China and India. HFCs are also found in inhalers and insulating foams.

    Major economies have debated how quickly to phase out HFCs. The United States, whose delegation was led by Secretary of State John Kerry, and Western countries want quick action. Nations such as India want to give their industries more time to adjust.

    “Thank God we got to this agreement that is good for all nations, that takes into consideration all regional and national issues,” said Taha Mohamed Zatari, the head of Saudi Arabia’s negotiating team.

    Small island states and many African countries had pushed for early timeframes, saying they face the biggest threat from climate change.

    “It may not be entirely what the islands wanted, but it is a good deal,” Mattlan Zackhras, the minister-in-assistance to the president of the Marshall Islands, said in a statement. “We all know we must go further, and we will go further.”

    The U.N. says the next meeting in 2017 will determine how much of the billions of dollars needed to finance the reduction of HFCs will be provided by countries.

    HFCs are less plentiful than carbon dioxide, but Kerry said last month that they currently emit as much pollution as 300 coal-fired power plants each year. That amount will rise significantly over the coming decades as air conditioning units and refrigerators reach hundreds of millions of new people.

    HFCs don’t harm the ozone layer like chlorofluorocarbons and similar gases that were eliminated under the 1987 Montreal Protocol. The entire world ratified that agreement, helping to repair holes in the ozone that helps shield the planet from the harmful rays of the sun. The aim of this meeting was to attach an amendment to that treaty dealing specifically with HFCs.

    “This is about much more than the ozone layer and HFCs. It is a clear statement by all world leaders that the green transformation started in Paris is irreversible and unstoppable,” Erik Solheim, executive director of the U.N. Environment Program, said in a statement.

    Environmental groups were already turning attention Saturday to other greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide.

    “Acting on HFCs does not exempt us from acting on CO2 or other important greenhouse gases like methane. We emit considerably more carbon, and it lingers in the atmosphere for more than 500 years,” Carol Werner, executive director of the Environmental and Energy Study Institute, said in a statement.

    Associated Press videographer Khaled Kazziha in Kigali contributed.

    The post Global deal reached to limit powerful greenhouse gases appeared first on PBS NewsHour.


              Republic of the Marshall Islands: Issues and Events, 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2015        
    none
              The Coming War on China        
    The Coming War on China is a warning that nuclear war is not only imaginable, but a 'contingency,' says the Pentagon. The greatest build-up of Nato military forces since the Second World War is under way on the western borders of Russia, and some 400 American military bases encircle China with missiles, bombers, warships and nuclear weapons. But these happenings are of course not reported as United States antagonism. Instead, there is a familiar drumbeat of war, the kind of the old "yellow peril," a restoration of the psychology of fear that embedded public consciousness for most of the 20th century. The aim of this film is to break the silence, and as the centenaries of the First World War presently remind us, horrific conflict can begin all too easily. By recounting the secret and forgotten history of the rapacious actions of great power against China throughout the decades, such as the destruction of the Marshall Islands and the Opium wars, The Coming War on China is also a report of an inspiring popular resistance to nuclear weapons, military bases and warmongering of the United States, of which little is known in the West.
              How to Let Go of The World        
    How to Let Go of the World and Love All the Things Climate Can't Change travels the globe, from New York City to the Marshall Islands and China, to meet with people who are committed to reversing the tide of global warming. The film examines the intricately woven forces that threaten the stability of the climate and the lives of the world's inhabitants.
              Agent Spinner No Deposit        

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              PF Feb 2017 - Lift the Cuban Embargo - Pro Position        
    Resolved: The United States should lift its embargo against Cuba.


    Pro Position

    This resolution is short, simple, and easy to interpret as long we do not get too hung up on the meaning of the word 'embargo'. I am confident that many debaters will be talking about economic sanctions at various times and I don't necessarily see that as a problem. The economic impacts of the embargo are a major contention for both sides of this debate. Pro is expected to argue the U.S. embargo of Cuba should end. The embargo is basically a unilateral (one-sided) action which we have tried to force on other non-cooperating governments by passing laws which impose penalties on countries which do try to continue normal trade with Cuba. I guess we can assume, these other restrictions will also be ended since they will no longer be needed to enforce the embargo. There is no need to propose or debate the normalization of political relations with Cuba. The Obama administration has already taken some steps toward achieving that goal and it is possible, there may some steps forward or backward in that area under the new Trump administration. Much of that depends on the strength and activism of the anti-Castro immigrants and sympathizers in the U.S., many of whom have suffered losses or hardships under that regime and indeed, at the time this analysis is written, Raul Castro is still in power, and there are no signs of free and open elections and recognition of the kind of first amendment rights, U.S. citizens enjoy and this is a major contention for both sides of this debate. As a means of bringing about political change, Pro will argue the embargo has failed, whereas Con may argue the small steps toward reconciliation taken by Raul Castro are influenced by a desire to end the embargo.


    End of Hostility

    It is supposed by some authors, the new Trump administration will roll-back some of the efforts taken by the Obama administration toward normalization of relations with Cuba. Political engagement with the island-nation is often predicated upon ideological differences rather than common ideals and the there may be little reason to believe, under an "America First" lens on international relations, any further progress is likely in the short-term. Thus there is a significant political barrier which makes the Pro position of this resolution all the more necessary.

    Lopez-Levy (2016):
    However, the U.S. strategy toward Cuba has demonstrated it is not based on a rational foreign policy. Several elements allow for auguring a rough road ahead for the process of normalization of relations between the two countries.
    In the first place, the last positions of nominee Trump at the end of the campaign were of hostility toward the rapprochement between the two countries. Such a posture was ratified in October by Vice President Mike Pence’s statement that the presidential directives on the rapprochement would be repealed after the January 20 presidential inauguration. The president-elect’s appointments for important posts in his administration, with potential influence on the U.S. Cuba policy, do not have a moderate profile but rather of rage, with an imperial agenda in the relationship with the NATO, Mexican and the western hemisphere allies.
    It is logical to suppose dangers for the normalization of relations process in those appointments. General Michael Flynn, former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and designated by Trump as national security adviser, has described Cuba as an adversary of the United States in a “world war” that comprises Islamic fundamentalists, Iran, North Korea and Venezuela.

    In the eyes of many in the international community, the embargo is seen as an act of hostility by an aggressor bully against its weaker neighbor. From the outside world, there are no signs the embargo has accomplished any meaningful political objective and has only harmed innocent individuals.

    Betancourt (2014):
    Since these restrictions are imposed by governments unilaterally, they are usually viewed as acts of hostility toward the target of the restrictions when they involve international relations but not when they involve within “country” restrictions. Thus, from a political perspective they become mechanisms for sending signals of various types in an international setting. From a strictly economic perspective, however, their impact is the same. They restrict the level of trade across borders whether they are external or internal and provide incentives for illegal activities in the form of smuggling. Moreover, the end result often includes a negative economic impact on the entity imposing the restrictions as well as on those subject to the restrictions.[2]

    Much of the world has condemned the U.S. embargo of Cuba. For 24 years in a row, the U.N. has called for the U.S. to end the embargo. Nearly all of the U.S. allies have called for an end to the embargo.

    Rosenblum (2002):
    While the United States maintains neither diplomatic nor commercial relations with Cuba, other countries have taken advantage of the opportunity to positively engage with the island nation. During the mid and late 1980s, most countries in Europe and Latin America resumed relations with Cuba. To date, Cuba has re-established diplomatic relations with 164 different countries (78 of which have embassies on the island), and Cuba has embassies in 86 countries and representation in several major international bodies. Cuba, along with the United States, is an original co-signer of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and an original member of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The international community has repeatedly denounced U.S. policy towards Cuba. The United Nations (UN) General Assembly has voted for the past ten consecutive years to condemn the U.S. embargo against Cuba. In the most recent vote in November 2001, there were 167 votes in favor of denouncing the embargo, three against (U.S., Marshall Islands, and Israel), and three abstentions (Latvia, Micronesia, and Nicaragua). Individual member states have also spoken out against U.S. policy towards Cuba. Throughout the 1990s, with the stiffening of the terms of the U.S. embargo on Cuba, member states from the European Union (EU) and Latin America repeatedly denounced U.S. sanctions against Cuba (while also criticizing Cuba for its human rights record). In 1992, after the Congress approved legislation to tighten the embargo, the European Union criticized the U.S. action. Speaking on behalf of the EU, the UN representative from the United Kingdom said, “Although the European Community and its member states are fully supportive of the peaceful transition to democracy in Cuba, they cannot accept that the United States unilaterally determines and restricts European Community economic and commercial relations with any foreign nation which has not been collectively determined by the United Nations Security Council to be a threat to international peace and security.”[9-10]

    It is important to understand the Cuban point of view as well. The political agenda behind the embargo are clear. The U.S. intention is to undermine the Cuban regime. It is an intervention into the ideological and political structure of Cuba and even the modest steps forward by Obama are viewed with suspicion.

    Kornbluh (2016):
    After decades of multi-form US intervention, el mismo perro is what some Cuban officials continue to see. “We are not stupid,” Cuba’s ambassador to Mexico, Dagoberto Rodriguez, declared in harsh terms during an interview with the leading Mexican magazine, Proceso. “We realize that the policy of the United States continues to have the same objective” of subverting the revolution. From the foreign ministry in Havana, Cuba’s chief negotiator with the United States, Josefina Vidal, issued a somewhat more diplomatic response. Obama’s directive was a “positive step” toward normalization, she said, but “does not hide the purpose of promoting changes in the political, economic and social order, nor hide the intentions to further develop interventionist programs.” Overt or covert, the Cuban government objects to the democracy-promotion programs, and Cuban officials believe Obama can do more to gut the embargo than he has.


    The Embargo Has Failed

    For many years now, experts have been claiming the U.S. embargo has failed to meet any of its objectives. Generally speaking, economic sanctions such as the kind imposed by the embargo, fail to turn oppressive regimes.

    Griswold (2005):
    Economic sanctions rarely work. Trade and investment sanctions against Burma, Iran, and North Korea have failed to change the behavior of any of those oppressive regimes; sanctions have only deepened the deprivation of the very people we are trying to help. Our research at the Cato Institute confirms that trade and globalization till the soil for democracy. Nations open to trade are more likely to be democracies where human rights are respected. Trade and the development it creates give people tools of communication-cell phones, satellite TV, fax machines, the Internet-that tend to undermine oppressive authority. Trade not only increases the flow of goods and services but also of people and ideas. Development also creates a larger middle class that is usually the backbone of democracy.

    Even if our opponents can claim, the embargo had some initial impacts on the Castro regime, the unilateral nature of the embargo, failed to close other paths of economic engagement for Cuba. Cuba merely turned to other sources for its needs.

    Lincicome (2014):
    The United States has pursued unilateral economic sanctions on the Cuban regime for upwards of five decades. During a Cold War, pre-World Trade Organization (WTO) period of immobile capital, these trade and travel restrictions very likely achieved significant U.S. foreign policy and national security gains. It is extremely difficult, however, to continue to make that case given today’s economic realities. The Cuban regime trades with almost everyone (China, Canada, Europe, and Brazil are among its top export partners, to the total of about $20 billion per year); Cuban exports have recovered to pre-Cold War levels; Cuba has access to internationally-traded, fully-convertible currencies like Euros, Canadian Dollars, and Yen; Cuba is a full member of the WTO (unlike Iran, North Korea, and others); and it even conducts hundreds of millions of dollars of annual trade with the United States—yes, the United States— every year. To argue that the embargo somehow isolates the Cuban regime from anyone other than American travelers, exporters, and consumers simply defies reality.

    Admittedly, the U.S. economy is the largest in the world and favorable economic trade status with the U.S. could be very beneficial. However, in the case of Cuba, it can be argued the embargo, while having no political effect whatsoever, only served to benefit the economies of Cuba's many other trading partners.

    Lincicome (2014):
    In the case of Cuban embargo, however, the federal government has failed to meet its basic burden of proof. First, legislation codifying the embargo—i.e., the “Helms-Burton” Act of 1996—has not achieved either of its two primary objectives: regime change and foreign investment deterrence. The first failed objective is manifest: the Castros remain in power and the Cuban government continues to pursue its particularly-thuggish form of authoritarian communism. The second failed objective is almost as obvious: according to a running tally by the U.S.-Cuba Trade and Economic Council, approximately 4,500 companies from over 100 countries import to, export from, provide services to, or have investments within Cuba.

    As for the political objectives inherent in the U.S. goal of spreading democracy and capitalism throughout the world, especially the western hemisphere, we can only look to the embargo as an ineffective means of achieving such ends.

    Griswold (2005):
    If the goal of U.S. policy toward Cuba is to help its people achieve freedom and a better life, the economic embargo has completely failed. Its economic effect is to make the people of Cuba worse off by depriving them of lower-cost food and other goods that could be bought from the United States. It means less independence for Cuban workers and entrepreneurs, who could be earning dollars from American tourists and fueling private-sector growth. Meanwhile, Castro and his ruling elite enjoy a comfortable, insulated lifestyle by extracting any meager surplus produced by their captive subjects.

    In many cases, and it is not difficult to find the evidence, when economic sanctions are used against authoritarian governments, the regime benefits through a 'rally-around-the-flag' type of backlash. The Cuban regime was able to project the idea the U.S. was a hostile actor seeking to destroy the economy of Cuba and harming the people of the island. Such propaganda generates support for the regime as citizens rally to defend the homeland.

    Cuba Study Group (2013):
    Although U.S. sanctions had an early devastating impact on the then-chaotic Cuban economy, the political benefits they have since provided to the Cuban political leadership have far outweighed their economic costs. For the nearly 30 years that Cuba survived as a closed economy that was mostly dependent on the Soviet bloc, economic sanctions were largely innocuous. The resulting U.S. hostility facilitated the consolidation of the revolutionary process by providing the Cuban state with a convenient scapegoat for the failures of its economic policies, the hardships endured by the Cuban people and the repressive practices employed. It bestowed the Cuban state with the added legitimacy derived from being a “state under siege.”[3]


    Harms To The U.S.

    Trade is a mechanism for exchanging not only goods but ideas by exposing the partners to a diversity of cultures and ideologies and so it can be argued that both the U.S. and Cuba have been harmed. In more real economic terms the U.S. lost money by imposition of its own policies, designed to put more trading pressure on Cuba.

    Rosenblum (2002):
    Ultimately, the U.S. embargo on Cuba increases the shipping costs of critical food and medical products. The Cuban Democracy Act of 1992 established that vessels that have docked at Cuban ports within 180 days (or six months) are prohibited from docking at U.S. ports. This stipulation strongly dissuades foreign companies from exporting products to Cuba, as the United States is a logical stopping point for a ship due to its proximity to the island. It also delays the arrival of foodstuffs and medicine, while increasing their price. A 1997 AAWH report calculated that, “if goods could be sent to Cuba from the United States, Cuba would save $215,800 for each ship replacing a European freighter and $516,700 for each ship replacing an Asian freighter.” Saving $200,000-$500,000 per shipment would likely alleviate some of Cuba’s economic problems and improve its access to food and medical products.[15-16]

    Obviously Cuba continued to trade with other nations despite the 1992 Act barring freighters, except those ships were no longing coming to U.S. and so it was the U.S. that lost economic benefits. Shortly after this law was enacted, experts were already pointing out the economic impacts to the United States.

    Wong (1994):
    The harm that section 1706(a) inflicts upon U.S. businesses is real and considerable. Carrier Co. estimates that it will lose between $10 and $20 million because its foreign subsidiaries can no longer trade with Cuba." At least 103 U.S. companies whose foreign subsidiaries have been trading with Cuba since 1985 will be similarly affected." According to Donna Rich Kaplowitz, one of the authors of the Johns Hopkins University study and a consultant on the Cuban market, "there's no question [that] the U.S. is losing business to Europe, Canada, and South America. .... The best beaches are being divided by Canada, Spain, and Italy."" Already, it may be too late for the United States to find a foothold in the Cuban market. In telecommunications, for example, Italcable recently entered into a $65 million joint venture to service Cuba's overseas calls, pushing AT&T out of the market."[679]

    When Communist governments around the world began collapsing the U.S. Congress passed the Helms-Burton Act which was aimed toward putting one more nail in the coffin of Communism. Helms-Burton co-sponsor, Jesse Helms, famously declared the law, “tightened the noose around the neck of the last dictator in the Western Hemisphere, Fidel Castro." However, Helms-Burton effectively weakened the power of U.S. President.

    Cuban Study Group (2013):
    Helms-Burton also transferred the authority to suspend the Cuban embargo to the U.S. Congress, thereby severely hindering the President’s ability to exercise his constitutional power to conduct foreign policy. Instead, the Act allows the Executive Branch limited licensing authority to implement its foreign policy, which U.S. Presidents have since used to either expand or limit private engagement with the Island.[4]

    Since passage, every President has worked with Congress to modify for better or worse, the various provisions in trade policy within the constraints of the Helms-Burton Act. Even, with the advancement of improved relations with Cuba under Obama, Helms-Burton severely impacted the President's power to go further toward normalizing relations.

    Francis (2016):
    Obama can’t do much more unless Congress acts to repeal the 1996 Helms-Burton Act, which formalized the embargo put in place by President John F. Kennedy in 1962 and bars the executive branch from lifting it without congressional approval. In other words, without the help of Congress, Obama can’t fully lift all financial penalties against Havana, and proponents of the move have acknowledged that is unlikely to happen while Republicans control both the House and the Senate.

    So it seems our efforts to undermine the Cuban government have only resulted in the diminishing of U.S. executive power and the ability of a moderate, administration to put an end to U.S. hostility toward Cuba. As of this writing, nothing has changed in Cuba. It is still is non-democratic and it still holds political prisoners. Moreover, it is unclear what policies will be enacted under the Trump Administration functioning under a Republican majority Congress which historically, has not favored normalization of relations with Cuba.


    Human Rights

    Perhaps the reasons for continuing the embargo are complex and nuanced but most other nations, especially those which have repeatedly called for the U.S. to lift its embargo, see it a weapon aimed at Cuba to force regime change.  In response, the U.S. has tried to repaint the embargo as a humanitarian action aimed toward ending human rights abuses in Cuba.

    Rosenblum (2002):
    The embargo has also failed to promote human rights and democracy in Cuba. After forty years, the embargo has had no visible effect in encouraging the Cuban government to permit multi-party elections, or broaden freedom of speech and assembly, or to release political prisoners. In fact, it is during the times when the United States puts the most pressure on the Cuban regime (for example, after the passage of the Cuban Democracy Act in 1992 and the Helms-Burton Act in 1996) that the human rights situation in Cuba deteriorates. External threats have caused the Cuban government to crack down on any perceived threats within the system rather than to open avenues of public criticism. If the United States is serious about promoting human rights and democracy in Cuba, then it needs to look for a new approach.[20-21]

    The embargo has had the effect of isolating the U.S. from Cuba and greatly diminished our ability to influence Cuban policy. For example, the U.S. has made attempts to directly ease the human rights situation in Cuba by collaborating with dissidents but such efforts further undermine the human rights.

    Rosenblum (2002):
    Currently, the United States is in no position to encourage improved human rights conditions in Cuba or to support the institutionalization of democracy. The efforts the U.S. government makes to support dissidents, or to strengthen civil society, are mostly counterproductive. (In fact, as noted elsewhere in this report, U.S. support and funding for dissidents has made them more vulnerable to the charge that they are U.S. agents. Those who hope for change in Cuban society but do not see themselves as dissidents, or in open opposition to the government, neither seek nor accept U.S. support.) U.S. influence on the Cuban government for positive change is basically non-existent.[31]

    It can be argued the U.S. is perpetrating a significant abuse upon the people of Cuba by continuing to enforce the embargo.

    Ernest (2016):
    However, even with a strong, proactive healthcare system, Cuba still faces a number of health problems rarely seen in developed countries owing to a lack of access to food, medicine and equipment. In the documentary ¡Salud!, one Cuban doctor tells a story about the x-ray machine in her office, which is over 40 years old and which the doctors sometimes have to tie with wire to make it work. Another doctor talks about having to go through third party countries to buy a specific medicine (Prostaglandin E1) only made in U.S. labs, which is used in surgery for children with congenital heart defects and which at one point was so hard to get in Cuba that there was only one ampule in the whole country. Many of these healthcare problems developed or became more pronounced in the 1990’s, owing to a combination of the Soviet Union’s collapse and the passing of the Torricelli Act and the Helms-Burton Act in the United States. During the first three decades of the embargo, life expectancy in Cuba grew about 0.54% per year, for total growth of 15.5% from 1960 to 1989. In addition to general support for their economy, the Soviet Union was providing Cuba with a large portion of their raw materials for medicine. When this support was lost, Cuban access to medicine and healthcare declined. From 1990 to 2013, life expectancy grew only about 6%, or 0.26% per year. Additionally, adult caloric intake decreased by 40% and the percentage of underweight newborns increased 23% after the loss of Soviet aid (Drain & Barry). The Torricelli Act also drastically reduced access to medicine in 1992 by preventing U.S. subsidiaries from selling medicine to Cuba. Cuba had previously imported $719 million worth of goods from U.S. subsidiaries annually, 90% of which was food and medicine. After 1992, this number fell to $0.3 million total over a period of three years (Drain & Barry). Then in 1996, the Helms-Burton Act again reduced the number of companies supplying medicine or raw materials used in pharmaceutical production to Cuba. Throughout the decade, numerous healthcare crises resulted. In 1994, an epidemic of optic and peripheral neuropathy began which was later attributed to food shortages and malnutrition, and an increase in diarrheal diseases and an outbreak of Guillain-Barré Syndrome were associated with contaminated water due chemical shortages. Medicine shortages were associated with a 48% increase in tuberculosis deaths from 1992 to 1993 (Drain & Barry).[27-28]

    It is clear from all sources, the use of the embargo as a means to promote democracy and prevent human rights abuses has been a complete failure. Continuation of the embargo with that purpose is no longer justified.


    Exporting Terror

    In 1982, Cuba was named a state sponsor of terror. This designation was applied at the time because of Cuba's collaboration with FARC and other groups in Colombia and because some Basque separatists had taken refuge on the island. Often, since that time, proponents of the embargo have continued to use the terrorism claims as justification of continuing or strengthening the sanctions against Cuba.

    Rosenblum (2002):
    While Cuba has been on the U.S. State Department’s list of terrorist nations since 1982, it has remained on this list due to domestic political considerations rather than actual national security concerns. It would be politically difficult for the President to remove Cuba from the terrorist list because the vocal and politically influential Cuban-American hard-liners would fiercely oppose such a measure.
    A year 2000 State Department report entitled, “Patterns of Global Terrorism” did not report any terrorist acts sponsored by Cuba itself. Instead, it reported that: “Cuba continued to provide safe haven to several terrorists and U.S. fugitives in the year 2000.” Specifically, the report mentioned that Cuba harbors Basque separatists; has maintained ties with Colombian guerilla forces; and allowed a number of U.S. fugitives to live within its borders.[23]

    Finally, Obama has officially removed Cuba from the list of states sponsoring terrorism which removes one more plank from the platform justifying continuation of the embargo.


    Restoration of Benefits

    As means of justifying the Pro position we can look to the benefits. Admittedly, the U.S. economy is enormous in comparison to Cuba and no doubt Con will argue the economic benefits will be minimal. But in the world of debate, it is good to remember, one may gain advantages by turning disadvantages.  Lifting the embargo has direct benefits.

    Scull (2016);
    Removing the embargo will be good for U.S. economy. It is estimated that the embargo costs the U.S. upwards of $4.8 billion in annual lost export sales and other economic outputs. A March 2010 study by Texas A & M University calculated that removing the embargo could create some 6,000 jobs in agricultural exports and travel to Cuba. In fact in a letter to congress by nine U.S. governors it was stated: “Foreign competitors such as Canada, Brazil and the European Union are increasingly taking market share from U.S. industry [in Cuba], as these countries do not face the same restrictions on financing… Ending the embargo will create jobs here at home, especially in rural America, and will create new opportunities for U.S. agriculture.”

    And modest gains in the near term will lead to more significant gains in the long-term.

    Mylotrade (2016):
    Significant opportunities exist for U.S. exporters in Cuba, with the normalization of relations between the U.S. and Cuba now underway, potential reforms could help support U.S. competitiveness, increase total U.S. agricultural export value, improve U.S. market share, and benefit both U.S. exporters and Cuban consumers. Demand for high quality U.S. agricultural products is driven not only by the increasingly middle class Cuban population of 11 million, but also by remittances and tourism, which is expected to rise dramatically.
    According to a report on Cuba imports and the effects of U.S. restrictions on U.S. exports to Cuba by U.S. International Trade Commission, overall U.S. agricultural exports to Cuba could see significant gains from the removal of U.S. restrictions on trade. Some sectors may see immediate expansion, while others would more likely experience additional sales after Cuban tourism, incomes, and foreign capital have grown. For manufactured goods, exports would likely increase somewhat after the removal of U.S. restrictions, with prospects for larger increases in the longer term, subject to changes in Cuban policy and economic growth.

    And the claims of economic and employment benefits are supported by a host of other authors.

    Rosson (2015):
    Many U.S. competitors in the Cuban market offer some type of credit terms to ALIMORT for food purchases. U.S. firms are precluded from doing so and also face an added constraint of being required to offer only cash-in-advance sales, or cash against documents. U.S. exporters cannot use letters of credit to facilitate sales and manage risk, raising the cost of U.S. products and making them less competitive relative to Spain, Canada, Brazil, China and Vietnam. Reducing the cost and time necessary to process payment for U.S. exports to Cuba would have positive economic impacts in terms of increased exports and economic activity. U.S. exports to Cuba would be expected to rise by $271.2 million/year, requiring an additional $561.9 million in business activity for a total economic impact of $833.1 million and supporting 4,478 new jobs (Rosson, Adcock and Manthei). In summary, consistent, transparent and facilitative policies related to export finance for U.S. exports to Cuba would have positive economic impacts on U.S. exports and the U.S. economy.[6]

    And to further the idea that advantages can be realized by turning a disadvantage, we look to Teegan, et al.

    Teegan, et al (2013):
    Even though the overall economic impact of sanctions on the United States has been minimal, we feel they have exacted great costs in terms of lost and foreclosed international business opportunities. They also have compromised U.S. global leadership on trade and social policy issues and caused potentially irreparable damage for humanity in key areas such as advances in biotechnology and avoidance of environmental degradation.[3-4]

    As we have shown in the Pro position, the embargo has not only harmed Cuba but it has harmed the U.S. Perhaps greater than all the harms we have realized due to lost business, and higher-priced imports of some products, is the negative perception we have forced upon ourselves. We have been viewed as a bully nation and have harmed our reputation as the protector of global free-trade. It is past time to end this embargo.


    Solvency

    In this Pro position, we have exposed how the Cuban embargo has perpetrated hardships not only on the people of Cuba, but has done damage to the U.S. economically (loss of trade), politically (loss of executive power) and diplomatically (loss of reputation and influence). Most importantly, after more than fifty years of continued hostility toward our neighbor to the south, the Cuban regime remains entrenched.

    Scull (2016):
    Has Cuba met the conditions required by the various congressional statutes to lift the embargo?
    This is an important question since the 1992 Cuban Democracy Act, and the 1996 Helms-Burton specify conditions for terminating the embargo stipulating that Cuba must legalize all political activity, release all political prisoners, commit to free and fair elections, grant freedom to the press, respect and recognize human rights, and allow labor unions.
    This is a very tall order, which obviously the Cuban government is nowhere near attaining. The problem with these conditions is that the U.S. does not hold other countries to the same ideals. China is the first one to come to mind. Obviously the importance of trading with the Middle Kingdom, which is highly profitable to American corporations, trumps its abysmal record on human rights, lack of elections, lack of freedom of the press, political oppression, political prisoners, lack of labor unions, and other absences of democratic values.
    Of course China is not the only totalitarian country with which we do business. There are many more. Zimbabwe, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Brunei, Bahrain, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Russia, Saudi Arabia plus another forty-odd others.
    It is obvious that these conditions as they apply to Cuba are disingenuous at best.

    So, if we lift the embargo, how do we turn this into an opportunity to improve life in Cuba in a meaningful and lasting way? Betancourt suggests a quid-pro-quo; a give and take to our mutual benefit.

    Betancourt (2014):
    One possible path for a lifting of the embargo by the U.S. based on all these considerations might be as follows: (1) unilaterally eliminate the trade embargo on goods and services and claim it as a strong act of goodwill that should warrant reciprocity from Cuba; (2) propose eliminating the remaining travel restrictions on Americans of non-Cuban origin, in exchange for specific agreements on future dispute resolution mechanisms with respect to individuals that run afoul of the laws in both places; (3) put the lifting of restrictions on capital flows with respect to IFIs, FDI and credit on the table in exchange for the attainment of specific verifiable goals on progress with respect to human rights, possibly including the property rights associated with compensation or perhaps putting the latter in a separate category; and (4) treat debt repayment issues on the same basis as they are for any other country in the region.[19-20]

    For all these reasons and more, we urge a Pro ballot.


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    Sources:

    Betancourt, R. (2014). Should the U.S. lift the Cuban embargo? Yes; it already has; and it depends!. Cuba in Transition, vol. 23, Miami: ASCE. Accessed 1/10/2017 at:
    https://www.aeaweb.org/conference/2014/retrieve.php?pdfid=121

    Cuba Study Group (2013), Restoring Executive Authority Over U.S. Policy Toward Cuba, Cuban Study Group, February 2013. Accessed 1/10/2017 at: http://www.cubastudygroup.org/index.cfm/files/serve?File_id=45d8f827-174c-4d43-aa2f-ef7794831032

    Ernest, E. D.(2016). Cuban Trade Relations Under the U.S. Embargo and their Impact on Human Development. (Master's thesis). Accessed 1/10/2017 at: http://scholarcommons.sc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4366&context=etd

    Francis, D (2016), Obama’s Cuba Reset Is Now in the Hands of Congress. Too Bad It Won’t Budge, Foreign Policy, Mar. 21, 2016. Accessed 1/10/2017 at: http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/21/obamas-cuba-reset-is-now-in-the-hands-of-congress-too-bad-congress-wont-budge/

    Griswold, D (2005), Four Decades of Failure: The U.S. Embargo against Cuba, CATO Institute, October 12, 2005. Accessed 1/1/2017 at: https://www.cato.org/publications/speeches/four-decades-failure-us-embargo-against-cuba

    Kornbluh, P (2016), ? Normalization of Relations With Cuba Is All But Irreversible Now, The Nation, October 19, 2016. Accessed 1/12/2017 at: https://www.thenation.com/article/obamas-new-directive-probably-assures-the-irreversibility-of-normalization-with-cuba/

    Lincicome, S (2014), Yes, Of Course We Should Lift The Cuban Embargo, The Federealist, December 23, 2014. Accessed 1/10/2017 at: http://thefederalist.com/2014/12/23/yes-of-course-we-should-lift-the-cuban-embargo/

    Lopez-Levy, A 92016), Cuba-U.S. relations in Trump's era: Reserved forecast, On Cuba Magazine, 18 Dec, 2016: accessed 1/20/2017 at: http://oncubamagazine.com/society/cuba-u-s-relations-in-trumps-era-reserved-forecast/

    Mylotrade (2016), Lifting the U.S. Trade Embargo on Cuba, Mylo Trade, 29 Sept 2016. accessed 1/10/2017 at: http://www.mylotrade.com/lifting-the-u-s-trade-embargo-on-cuba.html

    Rosenblum, L (2002), A Time for Change: Rethinking U.S.-Cuba Policy, Washington Office on Latin America, May 2002. Accessed 1/10/2017 at: https://www.wola.org/sites/default/files/downloadable/Cuba/past/A%20Time%20for%20Change.pdf

    Rosson, CP (2015), Hearing on Opportunities and Challenges in Agriculture Trade with Cuba, Testimony before the Senate of the united States, Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, April 21, 2015. Accessed 1/10/2017 at: http://www.agriculture.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Testimony_Rosson1.pdf

    Scull, JC (2016), Should the embargo on Cuba be lifted, Medium, May 11, 2016. Accessed 1/10/2017 at: https://medium.com/@jules000120/an-important-read-on-whether-the-u-s-should-lift-the-embargo-on-cuba-8815c44697a6#.e3uptonxz

    Teegan, H. Askari, H. Forre, J. Yang, J. Economic and Strategic Impacts of U.S. Economic Sanctions on Cuba, The center For Latin American Issues, George Washington University. Presented July 6, 2003. Accessed 1/10/2017 at:
    https://www2.gwu.edu/~clai/working_papers/Teegen_Hildy_02-03.pdf

    Wong, KS (1994), The Cuban Demicracy Act of 1992: The Extraterritorial Scope of Section 1706(a), University of Pennslyvania Journal of International Business Law, Vol.14:4, 1994. Accessed 1/10/2017 at: https://www.law.upenn.edu/journals/jil/articles/volume14/issue4/Wong14U.Pa.J.Int'lBus.L.651(1993).pdf


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