ASAHI INDIA GLASS LTD ANNOUNCES UNAUDITED FINANCIAL RESULTS FOR THE FIRST QUARTER ENDED 30TH JUNE, 2017        
by Shrutee K/DNS

New Delhi – AIS (Asahi India Glass Ltd.), India’s leading integrated glass Company announced its unaudited financial results for the first quarter ended    30th June, 2017 at its Board Meeting.

The consolidated financial performance highlights for the quarter ended 30th June, 2017 are as follows -

Sales (inclusive of Excise Duty) at Rs. 670.98 crores, reflected an increase of 8.60% over the previous period (Rs. 617.84 crores).

Operating EBIDTA i.e. Operating Earnings before Interest, Depreciation, Taxes and Amortisation was recorded at Rs. 109.85 crores registering an increase of 7.89% over the corresponding figure of Rs. 101.82 crores for the previous period.

Cash profit increased by 19.94% from Rs. 66.65 crores in Q4 FY 2016 to Rs. 79.94 crores in Q4 FY 2017.

PBT increased by 25.67% from Rs. 46.08 crores in Q1 FY2017 to Rs. 57.91 crores in Q1 FY2018.

PAT increased by 38.33% from Rs. 28.33 crores in Q1 FY2017 to Rs. 39.19 crores in Q1 FY2018.

The table below gives the details of the financial performance both on standalone and consolidated basis –  

AIS – Financial Results for the first quarter ended 30th June, 2017
(Rs. Lakhs)
Particulars
Standalone
Consolidated
2017
2016
Change (%)
2017
2016
Change (%)
Sales
65,891
61,022
7.98
67,098
61,784
8.60
Operating EBIDTA
11,314
10,427
8.51
10,985
10,182
7.89
Cash Profit
8,329
6,923
20.31
7,994
6,665
19.94
Profit Before Tax
6,202
4,963
24.96
5,791
4,608
25.67
Profit after Tax
4,145
3,058
35.55
3,919
2,833
38.33


We have also implemented some operational upgrades in our float glass plant at Roorkee leading to productivity increases from the next quarter. We also welcome the new regulations & standards from the government for architectural glass which shall be beneficial to everyone in the long term. As required by law, we have migrated to the new IndAS method of accounting and therefore, our results have been restated this quarter with minor upside on PAT coming from positives in depreciation.  Overall, we continue to look forward to consistent growth in auto and architectural segments as well as a stable macro environment.”

About AIS:
Asahi India Glass Ltd. (AIS) is a joint venture between the Labroo family, Asahi Glass Co. Ltd. of Japan, and Maruti Suzuki India Limited. AIS began operations in 1987.
AIS, today, is a leading integrated glass company in India, manufacturing a wide range of international quality automotive safety glass, float glass and architectural processed and value added glass. AIS operates under three strategic business units (SBUs), namely, Auto Glass, Architectural Glass and Consumer Glass.
Auto Glass is India's largest manufacturer of world class automotive safety glass and is, in fact, one of the largest in the field in Asia. It is the sole supplier to almost all the OEMs and has a market share of approx. 77 per cent in the Indian passenger car industry.
Architectural Glass is formed as a result of management merger of Float & Glass Solutions (Processed Glass) SBUs. This SBU manufactures quality float glass and deploys an extensive network of 4 zonal offices and over 1000 distributors. It also markets a wide range of AGC products in India as its distribution partner.
Consumer Glass SBU is Company’s interface with end users for its range of automotive and architectural glass offerings. Impeccable, customized and consumer centric solutions is the key differentiator of Consumer Glass SBU. It includes GlasXperts – a retail initiative in the Architectural Glass segment and Windshield Experts which is India’s only automotive glass repair & replacement specialist.

          Ziox Mobiles announces Sushant Singh Rajput as its Brand Ambassador along with Rs. 300cr investment for FY17 - 18        
Launches its newest Mobile phone ‘Ziox Duopix’
        Forays into LED TV and Consumer Durables Segment
        Plans to open 2 new manufacturing units and R&D facilities with investment of Rs. 200cr.
        Plans a 360-degree marketing campaign with a budget of
Rs. 100 Cr.
by Shrutee K/DNS
In the light of its vigorous expansion, Ziox Mobiles under the aegis of Sun Air voice Pvt Ltd, one of the fastest growing Mobile handsets brand, ropes in the very versatile, Sushant Singh Rajput, as its Brand endorser who truly lives up to the brand name.  While Ziox mobiles is a preferred brand across the country through its outstanding innovation and quality, the other has won the hearts of a million Indians as he slips into any role with nonchalance. Both the brand and its ambassador ride on the precepts of resilience, hard work and steady growth. A rare blend of energy, perseverance, and popularity coupled with his ability to connect to people, Sushant Singh Rajput is a fine addition to the Ziox Mobiles family. This association will further boost the legacy of Ziox Mobiles as the actor resonates to the brand promise: Quality that Speaks.
Answering strong demand and an overwhelming response from the Indian market, Ziox Mobiles also chalked out a detailed expansion plan and the roadmap for FY 2017-2018.The Brand aims to establish a stronger foothold in the Indian Market, with the total investment of over Rs. 200crore which shall span for a year, the Brand announced its plan to set up 2 new manufacturing units (in Sikkim and Noida) and R&D facilities apart from the existing New Delhi unit, with a holding capacity of around 1 Million units per Month. With the induction of Sushant Singh Rajput as its brand endorser along with the total investment of Rs. 100 Cr. this FY 2017-2018, Ziox aims to achieve an estimated revenue of Rs. 1,000 Cr and a sale of 10 million product units.
Commenting on this association and a promising future, Mr. Deepak Kabu, CEO Ziox Mobiles said “The future looks bright, Ziox Mobiles has a range of phones in the pipeline with exciting new launches. We are enthralled to present Sushant Singh Rajput as the new face of Ziox Mobiles. With Sushant Singh Rajput on board, it will help augment sales and further its reach in the market. The partnership with him is timed with Ziox Mobiles’ next phase of expansion on a pan-India level” Mr. Kabu further adds, “Sushant embodies talent, youthfulness and style. More importantly, he blends well with the core values of hard work, reliability, and is the epitome of our brand philosophy. Today our target audience is the young, driven, forward-moving generation, who have ever changing needs. Sushant understands the pulse of this audience well and has a great rapport with them. That is why, with immense preparation, he goes on to entertain his fans with one performance after another just as Ziox Mobiles constantly strives to understand the changing needs of its customers.”
Speaking on the association, Sushant Singh Rajput said, "I have always known Ziox Mobiles to be an inspirational brand in terms of their persuasion to becomes India’s biggest mobile brand. I am happy to be associated with a brand which is very young, and has a journey that is very similar to mine. I love how this brand designs its products to suit every need of its customers and are constantly innovating themselves as I see myself doing that while working on a role. I look forward to being part of the Ziox Mobiles family and to contribute to its fascinating growth journey in India." The ever-evolving brand has slated a major strategic transformation that entails the signing of a new brand endorser, an aggressive expansion and launches of it new products. The Brand at the event also announced the launch of its newest smartphone Series ‘Duopix”, Phone Series with Dual Cameras. Designed to fulfil the brand promise of providing users with superior camera performance and quality, ‘Duopix’ comes equipped with wide angle Dual front camera (8.0MP + 2.0) front +8.0MP Rear. The latest Dual 4G model runs on Android 7.0, with 5inch HD IPS Display along with 2GB RAM + 16GB ROM all packed in 2500mAh battery. Some of the key features includes strong battery life & also the fast charging capability. The budget friendly Smartphone comes equipped with various other features like 21 language support with multilingual phonebook, MP3 player, FM Radio, Bluetooth connectivity to help you stay connected. The phone will be available across all retail stores in few week’s time. Along with the smartphones, the brand also announces its foray into LED TVS and Consumer Durables category.

About Ziox Mobile: Ziox Mobiles, part of Sun Airvoice Pvt. Ltd., incepted in the Year 2015, with a singular motto to break the boundaries while offering technologically superior products without compromising on quality. Headquartered in New Delhi, Ziox Mobiles has built up an impressive product portfolio of more than 40 distinguished products and constantly innovating to make superior products.
Empowering consumers with affordable technology through quality products- the brand has truly demonstrated quick and robust expansion since inception, showing profitability and growing sales since the first year of operations. Being considered as one of the most innovative and fastest growing brands in the Mobile category, the brand has established its presence across India through its wide network comprising of its various branch offices and system integrators across several states in India.

          Sugar Free launches a web series ‘The Sweet Breakup’ a first of its kind in the food space        


by Shrutee K/DNS


Mumbai, August 2017: Sugar Free, a name synonymous with sugar substitute, is the single largest leader in India in the category. The brand always thrives on innovation as key for its growth and has introduced many variants in the category for the sweet binging yet calorie conscious Indians. As an extension to its innovation drive, the brand has unveiled a new campaign ‘The Sweet Breakup’, a one-of-a-kind 5-part web-series in the food category. The series is conceptualized and executed by Maxus Content, the content solutions arm of Maxus.
Talking about the campaign Tarun Arora, Chief Operating Officer & Director, Zydus Wellness said, “Our vision for “Sugar Free” is to make it the brand of choice for consumers seeking low / no calorie options to lead a healthier life style. Hence to address the myths attached with the usage of Sugar Free as part of one’s daily culinary needs made us conceptualize ‘The Sweet Break Up’.  This web series demonstrates in an authentic way that you can indulge into your favourite dessert guilt-free without compromising on the taste. The 5- city trail as part of the campaign only reaffirmed that any sweet recreated with Sugar Free tastes the same when made with sugar. I believe this was the first time a dessert truck was going around India and hence there was a lot of excitement amongst people wanting to know what’s cooking !”
Pooja Verma, Head - Content, Entertainment and Sports Partnerships at Maxus said, “Maxus believes that changing traditional behaviour among consumers with content, needs a compelling strategy which is driven by insights and fused with creative thought. Showcasing Sugar Free as more than just a sugar substitute via ‘The Sweet Break-Up’ campaign is a prime example of our focus. Sweets have a strong relationship with celebrations in our country. With that insight in mind, we brought our campaign together on the message that enjoying sweets while breaking up with unhealthy calories is a win-win outcome for every foodie. The creative vehicle to deliver that message is our one-of-a-kind series where Chef Kunal Kapur joins famous foodie-duo Rocky & Mayur, in recreating delicious Indian sweets with Sugar Free. Through this content solution, the brand stands to generate extensive and meaningful conversations with viewers who love their sweets.”

This campaign marks the culinary journey of Sugar Free across 5 cities Delhi, Lucknow, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Mumbai, where celebrity chef Kunal Kapur reconstructed 5 different speciality desserts by using Sugar Free products. The brand also had on board the famous foodie duo Rocky and Mayur whose fun banter added to the entertainment element in the web-series. The journey started from Delhi where the chef created the famous Tewari Brother’s Gulaab Jamun followed by Lucknow where Ram Asrey’s famous Malai ki Gilori was made. The truck then headed East to Kolkata where he recreated Balaram Mullick’s Sandesh and then southward to Bangalore where he made a fusion dessert using G Pulla Reddy’s Dharwad Peda and created Dharwad Peda Tiramisu. The final leg of the web series was shot in Mumbai where Chef Kapur added a spin to made Ladu Samrat’s modak and created delicious chocolate modaks. All of these were created using Sugar Free. While the brand has a strong linkage with table top consumptionand pellets as a format, the culinary consumption for powder formats is a gap that needs to be bridged. ‘The Sweet Breakup’ campaign is that step forward by Sugar Free to make consumers aware of the format, its usage and the fact that the taste of the dessert stays as good. What more? One can indulge in sweets now without having to feel guilty.
The Sweet Breakup will be unveiled on-air on youtube.com 18thAugust
About Zydus Wellness Limited: Zydus Wellness Limited is the Consumer products company from the Zydus Group. Zydus group is a pharma major with flagship organization, Cadila Healthcare Limited, a leading pharmaceutical company with significant global presence apart from India. Zydus Wellness has been a pioneer in various categories it operates in. The company focuses on emerging segments and has its DNA of innovations with “Do good benefits” at the core of its business. Zydus Wellness commands leadership in the sugar substitute market, table spreads and the skin care segments. In the sugar substitute market, Sugar Free is a market leader with a market share of 94% and targets health and fitness seekers apart from diabetics.
Nutralite is a market leader in the Fat Spread category and appeals to consumers looking for healthier alternatives to normal butter. It is cholesterol free, does not contain any hydrogenated fats and is also trans-fat free. Everyuth is a pioneer in facial cleansing space in India. It enjoys leadership in the scrub and Peel off Mask segments and is amongst the top players in the overall facial cleansing category with strong “Naturals” equity Zydus Wellness Limited is listed on NSE and BSE and has manufacturing locations in Gujarat and Sikkim.
About Maxus:  Maxus is a marketing communications consultancy that helps marketers build profitable relationships between consumers and their brands. They combine the disciplines of communications planning and customer relationship marketing to deliver Relationship Media, a next generation model powered by creative media thinking and sophisticated, real-time customer data.

Their services include communications strategy, digital marketing, direct response media, social media, data analytics, media investment management, content & sports marketing, marketing ROI evaluation and CRM. Having a talent team of 2,500 people across 55 markets, they are part of GroupM, the world’s largest media investment management group that serves as the parent company for all of WPP’s media agencies.

          SSB Retail India launches two more Specialty Malls        

by Shrutee K/DNS
Hyderabad, 4th August 2017: SSB Group is a leading structural galvanizing company which is in a retail sector mall in Hyderabad.

The SSB World Shopping Mall has come up with a two brand ‘Alpine’- the supermarket and ‘Casabene’- the furniture mall. Casabene has its branches in Kolkata, Hyderabad and is now launching 2 more new branches in Hyderabad.

The company has diversified into retailing. The 3rd retailing space at Chakripuram  is 7000 sq. ft which has a combination of Alpine Super Market & Casabene Furnitures. The 4th retailing space at North Kamalanager ECIL is 2000 sq. ft which also has a combination of Alpine Super Market & Casabene Furnitures.
The retail industry is very competitive; in order to give extra mileage SSB is having its own manufacturing facilities. They believe in delivering excellent quality products with customer satisfaction. The Chief Guest for the event will be honourable Smt. Pajjuri Pavani Manipal Reddy (Corporator) for A S Rao Nagar Division, SSB Directors - Y Sharath Babu & Ajay Kumar Singh and Chairman - Ramakanth Singh. Mr Ajay Kumar Singh & Mr Sarath Babu - Directors, of SSB believes in giving good lifestyle supplies at competitive prices.
 
The retailing product will be: Supermarket/Furniture/Home Décor/Home Accessories/Home related products

USP: Exclusively designed/Concept selling/Manufacturing Quality Products/Craftsman and Finishing/Free interior advice/Large collection under one roof

The business plan is to diversify and open 10 Branches of Alpine Super Market & Casabene Furniture in the twin cities.

About SSB: SSB is a Turkey service provider, established in August 2013, SSB Structural and Galvanizing Pvt Ltd is an enterprise by two pragmatic visionaries. As an emerging sector, it is present in telecom, power, heavy and general fabrication and infrastructure. It was able to export structural material in the second year of inception. The company has a turnover of 50 crores and it will have 100 crores of turn over year.

          Proenhance patch - Be a better man        



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It is a double system : the convenient and powerful ProEnhance herbal patch plus free unlimited access to the exercise programs. The program for reinforcing the sexual endurance is regarded the leader, and is better, safer and more comfy than working with john thomas pumps or the like.

From the beginning the manufactures of ProEnhance patvh wished to develop a completely new and different patch, a product that men can wear and use without asking questions. A patch, where you worry about any major changes in lifestyle wants. Rather than taking up to three tablets per day, or wear for hours stretching device, you can just take a patch and then replace all a few days, practice with the program when you have the time and you will achieve excellent results.

Click here to learn more about Proenhance patch



The ProEnhance herbal patch is developed to be sitting in the area of the stomach discreetly under your clothing. The patch is like a ordinary bandage or a plaster - no one suspected such a thing! Additionally, here is the best : the patch can be worn in the shower, while participating in sports and during the entire day.

The ProEnhance patch is very flexible and durable and in the product selection, the producers have tested many various patches to make sure that the choice is the best that is available.



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More quality articles:
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Proenhance patch - Benefits of Proenhance patch

          SMT Machine Operator - Nextek        
Madison, AL - Madison, ALFull-time
Company Description
Nextek is a niche market, technology-driven Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) company, founded in 1995. We offer precision electronic assembly and engineering services to customers with needs-driven, non-commodity products. Nextek
          Materials Analyst - Nextek        
Madison, AL - Madison, ALFull-time
Company Description
Nextek is a niche market, technology-driven Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) company, founded in 1995. We offer precision electronic assembly and engineering services to customers with needs-driven, non-commodity products. We
          Quality Inspector (pcb) - Nextek        
Madison, AL - Madison, ALFull-time
Company Description
Nextek is a niche market, technology-driven Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) company, founded in 1995. We offer precision electronic assembly and engineering services to customers with needs-driven, non-commodity products. We
          Manufacturing Specialist - Assembly/Hand Load - Nextek        
Madison, AL - Madison, ALFull-time
Company Description
Nextek is a niche market, technology-driven Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) company, founded in 1995. We offer precision electronic assembly and engineering services to customers with needs-driven, non-commodity products. We
          Soldering - Manufacturing Specialist - Nextek        
Madison, AL - Madison, ALFull-time
Company Description
Nextek is a niche market, technology-driven Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) company, founded in 1995. We offer precision electronic assembly and engineering services to customers with needs-driven, non-commodity products. We
          Associate Engineer/Engineer, Manufacturing Sciences #661 - KBI Biopharma        
Durham, NC - Company:KBI Biopharma
Job Location(s):Durham, NC
Start Date:Immediately

Employment Term:Regular
Employment Type:Full Time
Starting Salary Range:Competitive

Required Education:Bachelor's Degree
Required Experience:0 to 2 years
Required Security Clearance:None
Related
          Senior Engineer, Manufacturing Sciences (Upstream) #662 - KBI Biopharma        
Durham, NC - Company:KBI Biopharma
Job Location(s):Durham, NC
Start Date:Immediately

Employment Term:Regular
Employment Type:Full Time
Starting Salary Range:Competitive

Required Education:Bachelor's Degree
Required Experience:3 to 5 years
Required Security Clearance:None
Related
          Account Manager        
CA-Orange, Account Manager - Project Team The Company: Transcend Information, Inc. was founded in 1988 by Mr. Chung-Won Shu, Peter, with its headquarters in Taipei, Taiwan. Today, Transcend has become a leading global brand of digital storage, multimedia and industrial products with 14 offices worldwide. Not only do we design, develop, and manufacture all of our own products, but we also market and sell them
          Car Problems? AI And Machine Learning To The Rescue!        
... of 'Digital Twins', granular virtual copies of parts in the manufacturing process, which are enabled by deep learning and artificial intelligence.
          AT&T Adds 2.1 Million Net New Customers In Second Quarter Of 2015        
AT&T Adds 2.1 Million Net New Customers In Second Quarter Of 2015

AT&T recently announced that it has added 2.1 million net new customers during the second quarter of this year. Interestingly, almost all of the carrier’s new additions is attributed to strong sales of tablets, and to connected cars. As a matter of fact, AT&T has added one million new additions driven by tablets and connected cars in the period spanning April to June.

It appears that there is a visible shift in the makeup of AT&T’s subscriber base, with a significant part of the new customer additions spurred by tablets and connected devices. Also, it seems that traditional subscribers -- i.e. those that use phones -- may be on the decline, at least in AT&T’s case. It is also possible that such diminished growth from traditional phone customers for AT&T is connected to the increased pressure from competitors like Sprint and T-Mobile, who are only eager to usurp AT&T’s place as the second biggest wireless carrier in the United States.

Earlier in July, T-Mobile had announced that it had added 2.1 million customers during the second quarter of this year. And just a few days ago, Verizon Wireless had revealed that it had gained over 1 million net new customers, and 1.1 million post-paid subscribers. 

As for AT&T, it had added 410,000 post-paid subscribers, however the growth entirely consisted of 600,000 tablets. In the second quarter of this year, the carrier had lost about 200,000 basic phone subscribers. Still, AT&T was able to add 331,000 prepaid customers as a result of boosting its prepaid arm Cricket Wireless. 

A new focus for AT&T is in connected cars. The carrier is signing up with the largest number of automobile manufacturers in order to bring cellular connectivity to vehicles. But perhaps the more pressing question is -- will people actually pay extra money to connect their cars to a cellular network? The potential is there, but for now, it remains to be seen. 

AT&T also managed to generate a profit in the amount of $3.04 billion, or $0.58 per share, during the second quarter of 2015. During the same period in the previous year, the carrier had a profit of $3.55 billion, or $0.68 per share. Not counting costs associated with its acquisition of two wireless carriers based in Mexico and its looming deal with DirecTV, AT&T managed $0.69 per share of adjusted earnings. Moreover, revenues increased 1.4 percent to $33 billion. As per data compiled by Yahoo, analysts predict, on average, revenue of $33.04 billion and earnings of $0.63 per share.

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          Basics Of Wi-Fi Security         


Hi all today i am just going to discuss how you can secure your wifi network from hackers. you must have came across many tips on securing wifi network from various blogs and all but here we will discuss from a hackers point of view and all practical and genuine approach to securing Wi-Fi network so lets begin.










 

 

Tips On Securing Wi-Fi Network -


Be Sure To Use the strongest wireless encryption your modem or router provide Making your wireless modem with wpa or wpa2 encrypt do give a trust that your wifi netwok is safe. Typically our router or modem uses various methods of encryption to protect data sent over wifi network. Always use WAP or WPA2 to use secure your wifi network if your router/modem is not having those encryption then never select that brand router/modem. If your modem/router does not provide WPA or WPA2 encryption it is strongly recommended that a new device be purchased.So you must have heard about WEP (Wired Equivalency Privacy) it is quite older technique of securing which easy for hackers to crack with that I can never say you are completely secure.




Remember the use(Change default pass) of strongest possible network password / network
key always ensure better security -














Again Its a simple tips which applies on all field for better security, As  you know general rule, the longer and more complicated the password, the more difficult for hackers to crack it. I do recommend to use minimum an eight character password should be used to allow access to your wireless network. And remember don't forget to change your modem/router default password people do forget it many time which lead to compromise the wifi network. Never use the same password to control or access more than one system or program and never use your wireless network name as your password! Doing such stupid activity makes things too easy for anyone to hack your wifi easily. Its obvious thing that most of the time our modems are designed to use a default password such as “admin”, “password” or the manufacturer’s name. These settings are easily accessible to a user when the modem and network is being set up, however because they are easily accessible and often use weak passwords will unless changed, remain potentially accessible to anyone who wishes to gain access. There are many sites available on internet which give away default passwords for modems /routers (vendor specific as well). Changing your modem or router’s default password offers a simple but effective security measure against unauthorized remote access.




Hide your SSID (network name)  - 









I know the Wi-Fi network is still Hack-able when SSID Is hidden but it makes thing bit difficult for hackers to crack any Wi-Fi network which is invisible. Typically all Wi-Fi network broadcast its presence (beacon frames) when they are turned on so making the SSID hidden keep another layer of protection in securing Wi-Fi network because if the network is not broadcasting its name that make difficult for hackers to hack it.




Access to Remote modem administration -

These days most modern modems or routers can be remotely administered over the internet. If yours can, then someone besides you can potentially locate your modem’s IP (Internet Protocol) address and potentially hack your modem.A simple fix to this vulnerability is to disable remote administration for your modem or router. If you absolutely require remote access then you can try limiting access to a particular IP address or limited range of addresses, to reduce the chance of unauthorized users gaining access to your modem’s configuration settings. As a general rule for home networks, remote access is not necessary and possibly the safest thing is to disable remote access to your modem/router.




MAC address filtering for improve security -



Encryption including WPA2 and strong passwords are the best methods to control who accesses your network, however most modems and routers offer further methods to control your network. It is a better option to make your Wi-Fi network more secure is to use mac filter as you know mac address (unique hardware address of a system)  so it ensure better protection .i know mac address can be spoofed but with all WPA2 and strong password ,mac filtering whole together ensure better security . All Most all modern modems offer the capability to restrict access to a wireless network to known devices (known MAC addresses). Trouble here is if you not setting mac filter properly then you man miss the Wi-Fi services (cannot connect to the network).





Enable modem/router firewall and security features -

Most modern modems and routers come standard with a built in firewall. A firewall can prevent unauthorized people accessing your network, can control which programs inside the network access the internet and should be enabled by default.Some hi-tech modems and routers also feature security programs known generally as intrusion detection systems (IDS). Such systems are capable of detecting attempts at unauthorized access to the system they are protecting and block many forms of attack. For additional security, all computers connected to your network should also have a software firewall system installed, or the manufacturer provided operating system firewall enabled.




Update your modem/router Firm-ware -

Some if your modem is outdated firm ware it may lead to some ready-made exploits using which any attacker can hack your network so it’s better to update firmware also the modem manufacturer provide this update firmware service for free (On modem’s website). Also keep one thing on mind unnecessary you should not make your wifi modem broad cast signal to long distance range (100m).its better to limit your modem/router signal upto 20-30 m. also always better to keep your modem at central position.So keep these things on mind while installing any wifi network and i am sure the hackers will definitely have to go through Hercules task.




This article is a Guest post by -  Chandrakant Nial



          A CERCA DE MEXIQUEÑO        
Mexiqueño es una marca de diseño mexicano, de reciente lanzamiento, que abarca joyería, accesorios, juguetes, luminarias y de más elementos. Buscamos resaltar la gama de elementos mexicanos y combinarla con creatividad y colorido, de tal manera que al convivir con nuestros productos se regocije la pupila y se transmitan sensaciones de colorido y textura que te hagan querer devorar los objetos, que te exalten los sentidos y te despierten la conciencia de nuestra riqueza cultural. Trabajamos con materiales naturales y rústicos y nos proyectamos a largo plazo como una empresa amigable ambientalmente, de manufactura artesanal para cuidar paso a paso los detalles de nuestros productos y digna de representar a México dentro y fuera del país. Queremos que cada objeto tenga algo de único, y para lograrlo generamos un concepto transportador de mensaje, sensaciones y cultura. La mente a cargo de la creatividad es la de Mitzin Cuéllar soñadora y fundadora de esta propuesta.
          Selecting Nutritional Supplements        
Nutritional supplements can help compliment a diet that could be missing some necessary nutrients. But Nutritional supplements are only as good as the ones you select, and how you combine your Nutritional supplements with healthy food so that none of the nutrients are cancelled out.
An estimated 50 percent of American adults use Nutritional supplements regularly. But some doctors suggest that half of these adults aren't using these Nutritional supplements correctly.
So, how exactly is it possible to use Nutritional supplements incorrectly? Well, incorrect nutritional supplement use starts with a lack of understanding of these types of supplements. Too many people make the mistake of looking for bargain prices when they look for Nutritional supplements. The cheapest is rarely the best when it comes to Nutritional supplements.
People looking to add Nutritional supplements to their already fairly healthy diets should take the time and do some background research. Don't buy low-quality Nutritional supplements with little or no research behind them. And, unfortunately, a large percentage of the useless Nutritional supplements are those that put all their money into advertising instead of quality ingredients. These are the types of Nutritional supplements that are promoted as "popular" and often seem to be forever on sale.
When choosing a nutritional supplement, it's always better to choose a caplet over a tablet. The simple reason for this is that your body usually can't effectively dissolve a tablet nutritional supplement. And if your body can't dissolve this type of nutritional supplement, then it won't be able to breakdown the ingredients and feed the nutrients to different parts of your body. Plus, the super low-quality Nutritional supplements rarely dissolve at all. Studies of these types of Nutritional supplements show that the entire whole form of the tablet can sit in your stomach like a tiny stone for many, many hours. So always select a capsule nutritional supplement. It's much nicer to your digestive system and much better for you body.
Avoid single-nutrient Nutritional supplements. Single-nutrient foods don't exist, so why would you feed your body single-nutrient Nutritional supplements? Eating these types of Nutritional supplements will only succeed in ruining the balance of your body's chemicals.
And don't try a "piecemeal" approach to nutritional supplement use. A piecemeal approach is when you select a variety of single- or multiple-nutrient Nutritional supplements, and mix-and-match them to try and make up for where you think your diet lacks. Few people have the skills to do this type of nutritional supplement maneuvering.
When selecting Nutritional supplements look for ones that say they are "laboratory tested." Laboratory tested Nutritional supplements means that they've been created by responsible manufacturers who choose to follow the FDA regulations, even though they're not required to do so.
Pick Nutritional supplements that are "quality guaranteed." Quality guaranteed Nutritional supplements are ones that use pharmaceutical-grade products.
Be wary of Nutritional supplements that claim to be 100 percent natural. A 100 percent natural nutritional supplement, just like 100 percent cobra venom, is probably not good for you. And always make sure every nutritional supplement container you buy has an expiry date. Nothing stays good forever, not even Nutritional supplements.

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          Interesting forum on self-publishing at 2017 Outwrite LGBT Book Festival in Washington DC        

Today I visited the 2017 Outwrite LGBT Book Festival in the DC Center office space and surrounding atrium at 14th and U Streets in Washington DC.

This year I did not have my own table;  I’ll get into this elsewhere.

The most interesting part of the visit was a presentation in DC Center’s largest room (on 14th Street ground level) from LGBT book publishers and literary agents.

There was a discussion of what an author goes through if he/she wants to control the process.  It’s usually necessary to hire a copyeditor and a typesetter (who is often the same).  It’s necessary to find a book manufacturer, and prices can vary a lot (many companies exist in the Shenandoah Valley and down in the North Carolina Piedmont).  It seems that Milo Yianopoulos has controlled the production of his book “Dangerous” after Simon and Schuster dropped him after a controversy.

There was discussion of “guerrilla marketing”, and of the tendency recently for trade publishers not to offer advances, which typically have to be recovered from book sales. 

There was mention of the use of pseudonyms and pen names, and that in a real world some authors really need to keep their identities secret, usually for reasons other than just being  LGBT, like workplace conflicts or possible security concerns for themselves or others around them.  This is rather alarming.


There was discussion of “sea turtle authors”, often introverts, who do not like to be pressed to sell aggressively, and are perfectly content to let their “eggs” lie dormant.
  

I asked about print-on-demand publishers, like Author Solutions.  The group did not think well of this business model, and referred to it as a “shadow industry”  They felt money should go to authors directly,, but that only works if the author owns the publishing entity.  I did refer to the fact that POD companies have been pressing authors harder to buy copies of books and build their own stores and credit card operations, rather than depend on Amazon and Barnes and Noble. 

I did mention the SESPA bill from the Senate and the implicit threat to web speech, including eventually author websites. 

          Progressive Policy Institute: "Building a New Middle Class in a Knowledge Economy"         

Harry Holzer, of the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University in Washington DC, has offered a position paper through “Progressive Policy”, “Building a New Middle Class in the Knowledge Economy”, a PDF with this link (34 pages).

Holzer picks up on Donald Trump’s exploitation of the disenchantment of some groups, especially older white males without college degrees, with the job market and their earnings ability.

He notes that the stability of jobs with regimentation but narrow skill sets has become less, as has the pay, not only because of foreign offshoring, but because of technology and automation. He says that families need incomes of at least $50000 a year to be middle class (possibly $40000 for smaller families) and notes the difficulties of single parents.



The most effective measure would be to improve trade or vocational education opportunities at the community college level, especially in smaller communities or rural areas.  He also mentions the value of paid family leave.

What I noticed after my forced “retirement” at the end of 2001 was the tendency for companies to resort to hucksterism to create jobs, and for the employment outplacement services and policy makers not to notice that this was happening so much. This has led to a culture clash:  aggressive attitudes in some communities about preserving telemarketing and door-to-door sales, versus resistance from consumers who see accelerating security problems. We need more manufacturing jobs to reverse this trend toward hucksterism.


                  
WYOMING ANTELOPE A SUCCESS




Last Sunday at the crack of dawn when Steve Zahurak, Schenectady and I should have been in a treestand for the opening of the NYS bow hunting season in the Southern Zone, we were boarding a plane bound for Casper Wyoming for a 5 day ante lope hunt. The hunt was the result of an out of the hat drawing of 75 outdoor writers business cards who attended the Wyoming Business Council media dinner at this year's Shot Show in Las Vegas. The guided hunt was for two also included all the licenses in one of Wyoming's best zones-Area 25. Steve was the obvious choice to accompany me on this hunt because he attends the Shot Show with me every year; but I did call my wife from the Show and invited her; but she refused.

Three planes and 7 hours later we touched down in Casper and as promised, Kelly Glause, proprietor of Cole Creek Outfitters was there to greet us and take us to our hotel. Kelly guides for antelope, whitetail and mule deer, prairie dogs and pheasant and his clients often include various shooting sports manufacturing companies such as Swarovski Optics, Bushnell Optics, Horton Archery and Hornady Ammunition who would be hunting there later this week. Ironically I just happened to be using their 130 grain GMX SUPERFORMANCE bullet in my Century Arms 270 rifle. Ballistically this bullet leaves the barrel at 3190 feet per second and with muzzle energy of 2976 foot pounds.

Kelly has been managing this 80,000 plus acres of prime hunting land for over 23 years; and we found out just how good it really was the next day. Since I was going to be in Wyoming I arranged a Merriam turkey hunt also; which, if I was successful, would help me to qualify for my 7 th National Wild Turkey Federation Grand Slam. Kelly said he would set me up with the best turkey guide in the area; his son Kody; the owner of Heart Spear Outfitters (www.heartspear.com). Kody also guided for elk, mule and whitetail deer, bear and mountain lions. Kelly also said if I did not want to bring a turkey gun he could set me up with a special one; an offer I accepted.

THE HUNT
It was only a short ride from the hotel when we drove through the gate leading to the hunting grounds; and I don't think that the gate was fully closed when we saw our first buck antelope that quickly disappeared over a hill. The pronghorn antelope is the fastest land animal in the Western Hemisphere reaching speeds in excess of 60 miles per hour. Equally amazing is that they have a 320 degrees field of vision and their eyesight sees what humans do when looking through 8 power binoculars. Definitely a challenging animal to hunt.

Our plan was to ride the range and Kelly would stop and glass boss bucks in each group looking for the biggest horns. Then if he found a "keeper" he would tell us it was a good one and then ask us: "What do you think?" This is something I have never had a guide do before."

We had glassed about 20 groups with bucks I had thought were good but Kelly just smiled and said: "We can do better." And later, we were glad he did. It is hard to describe how big this ranch really was; in term of miles it was roughly 25 by 20 miles.

I was about 7:45 a.m. when Kelly spotted and glassed a buck laying down and said that it definitely was a good one; but he had a small piece missing from his left cutter horn. What I saw was a mature antelope buck that has been fighting to keep the young bucks away from his harem; and his big swollen neck was definitely a sign of the rut. It was my call and I didn't hesitate: "I’ll take him, “I said.

As quietly as I could I slid out of the truck and before my feet hit the ground I could feel the adrenalin rising as I chambered a round into my rifle. Slowly I readied for the shot and was glad that I had added the Caldwell bipod to give me a steady level rest.

The buck was lying down in the grass which covered several inches of its lower body but I had enough to shoot at as I sighted him in. He moved but did not get up. The only thing that I remember after I pulled the trigger was the chill that ran up my spine: I MISSED! Now prior to this trip I spent time sighting in the rifle with its new LUCID L5 scope and the Hornady ammo; and when I finished I could cover my 3 shot group with a penny 2 1/2 inches high of center at 100 yards. This was the proper setting for this gun. Therefore the miss was not the gun's fault.

As I chambered another round he jumped up and started to trot uphill; but he made the mistake of stopping at the top and looking back; it was a deadly mistake. Shot number 2 put him right down where he stood. WOW! I did my best impression of a Tiger Woods victory pump and accepted the handshakes of Kelly and Steve. It was just 8:17 a.m. on the first day.

Kelly estimated the antelope to be about 3 1/2 years old and weigh about 140 pounds. The horns measured 13 1/2 inches. Now earlier that morning I presented Kelly with the Viscerator knife by FieldTorg Knives which I asked him to use to field dress the antelopes. Later that day he commented that he was very impressed with the knife’s performance and its construction.

Looking back at my miss I believe what happened was that I had incorrectly used one of the BDC (ballistic drop calculator) lines in my Lucid L5 scope rather than the center of the crosshairs, causing the shot to go even higher than the 2 1/2 inches. I am not use to the BDC (ballistic drop compensator) drop lines in my new Lucid L5 scope; but I will be with a few days at the long range practicing and rolling over a few coyotes.

STEVE'S TURN
Back in the truck Steve told Kelly that he needed to shoot an antelope with horns that measured at least 13 5/8 ths. This is typical competition that we have developed over the years. We did not have to go far to find more antelopes. If I were to guess we had already seen at least 80 or 90; and we hadn’t seen half the ranch yet.

I don't think we traveled more than a few miles and glassed a dozen more groups when Kelly spotted a "shooter" laying down; but as we approached he was up and moving. Kelly and Steve exited the truck and started their sneak and peek. They had gone about 50 yards when Kelly set up the shooting sticks for Steve’s shot. At about 150 yards he fired but it was too low; and his second shot at 200 yards was high and the buck disappeared over the hill and disappeared into a gorge.

It was about 20 minutes later when we spotted another which we believe was the same one Steve had missed earlier. Quickly he set up and at 250 yards he was again high; but we were not done with him yet.
Watching his hasty retreat we jumped back in the truck. Kelly's sharp eyes and knowledge of the ranch knew where he was going; and he knew how to get in front of him. When we spotted him again he was 250 yards out and Steve's shot was horizontally perfect but he believes he jerked the shot off to the left. Now we got to see how fast an antelope really is; and how good Steve really is.

Following the flying buck in his scope Steve pulled off what was the best shot I had ever seen. We heard the bullet impact on what turned out to be a perfect heart shot. I think it died of fright; but Steve says he always takes a few practice shots at the “range” before he shoots anything.

Lots of hoots, congratulations and photos followed. It was truly a great day; except for the fact that I sat on a cactus when having my photo taken with Steve. He did however generously offered to take a photo of me removing all those needle-like prickers from my butt. As for the horn measurements I rounded them up to 13 1/2 inches. It was noon, on the first day of the hunt. This is one GOOD guide.

We did do a little more shooting before leaving the ranch at a few prairie dogs; and these little ranch pests are fun; especially when you do it with a .270.



TURKEY HUNT


After I got my turkey license Kelly said he had arranged a meeting for me with Robert Stone of RGS Custom Rifles (www.rgsllc2010.com) which is where I picked up my turkey gun. Robert’s guns were outstanding and the one that I would be using was the first one he had even made. It was a single shot .22-250 that, if he had to replace it, would range around $6,000. At the range I put two rounds through the same hole and figured the turkeys were in trouble.



Kody had definitely done his homework for my turkey hunt because the river bottom he had chosen had plenty of Merriam turkeys; most of which were mingling with the cattle. This was definitely going to be a spot and stalk hunt; something I do not do a lot of when hunting for turkeys. Kody glassed the flocks looking for a good tom and found several feeding closely with the cattle. It was obvious that with all the cattle activity the shooting window would not be open long and the shot would have to be threaded carefully. To say I was a bit nervous would be an understatement; not only did I feel nervous about scratching his beautiful rifle but also in not hitting a cow.



But the gun was definitely up to the task and at 5:30 p.m. that afternoon I shot through an opening in a hedgerow and toppled a Wyoming Merriam tom that carried a 5 inch beard and tipped the scales at over 20 pounds. All this on our first day of hunting!



THANK YOU Kelly, Kody, Robert and a special thanks to the Wyoming Business Council from Steve and me. For photos


















 























          NEWFOUNDLAND MOOSE - SCI SILVER AWARD        


PART I - THE BEGINNING
Have you ever flipped through the pages of Field & Stream or watched an exciting big game hunt on the Outdoor Channel and said to yourself, “Someday I would like to do that?” I guess all hunters have a specific species they dream about pursuing and mine has always been a moose. In terms of my “bucket list” for animals I want to hunt, the moose has always been number one. For years, I have sent my check to Vermont and Maine in hopes of getting drawn in their moose hunting lottery; but it never was. But last Fall I received an email from Amsterdam hunters Dick Andrews and Marshall Knapik and Rich Kraus(Ballston Spa) about their Newfoundland moose hunt that finally lit the fire under me. And the results is that in 3 weeks my dream hunt will finally become a reality.

The moose, which is derived from the Algonkian name meaning “eater of twigs,” was not native to Newfoundland. They were introduced, two bulls and two cows from New Brunswick, in 1904 and today it is estimated that there is a population of 120,000. Moose are the largest member of the deer family with a weak eyesight but their most acute sense is their hearing. Their habitat is includes swampy areas as well as forested higher ground around lakes.

The destination, which I choose mainly because of Dick’s recommendation and the fact that he has hunted there successfully five times already and will be returning in 2010, is Sam’s Hunting and Fishing Camps located in Portland Creek, Newfoundland, Canada. Owned and operated by Sam and Hebbert Caines, they have over 30 years of experience guiding and outfitting hunters. Sam’s has three hunting camps located in Area No. 3 on the Northern Peninsula: St. Paul’s Big Pond, where I will be hunting, which is one-half mile from Gros Morne National Park which is 35 miles from Deer Lake; Long Range Mountains at Trophy Lake and High Pond which are each 60 miles from Deer Lake which is the pick up point for all Sam’s hunters. Now although we will be hunting from fly-in remote sites, which I am looking forward to, it is comforting to know that there is two-way radio and cell telephone contact with these camps.

There are two ways to get to Deer Lake; driving and flying. If you drive there is a 5 - 8 hour ferry crossing depending upon the weather or, my choice, drive to Montreal and fly into Deer Lake. Here I will spend the night, be picked up early the next morning and flown in to camp by helicopter. And this, the helicopter ride, is something I am looking forward to also. All the camps are built to Newfoundland Tourism specifications and include indoor toilets, showers, two bedroom with two single beds in each, a large dining room and a kitchen. And each camp has a full time cook. Each hunter has his/her own guide. The actual hunting is done by spot and stalk, which is walking and glassing a variety of terrains, and/or sometimes glassing from elevated blinds.

Now when choosing a guide/outfitter success rate should always be a major consideration. In the case of Sam’s Hunting and Fishing Camps he has a 90 percent success rate for moose and 100 percent for caribou. Unfortunately, I applied for a Woodland caribou hunting tag but did not receive one; but I did get a black bear permit which I hopefully will be able to fill during this hunt. As for the caribou, I will try again next year.

BORDER CROSSING
When hunting in Canada there are a number of forms and documents that are needed when crossing the border. The easiest way to travel to and from Canada is with a passport. As for your firearm, this too is fairly simple and most of the paperwork can be competed before you go. You cannot bring a fully automatic weapon, handgun or pepper spray into Canada. Your regular hunting rifle/shotgun is not a problem as long as complete a Nonresident Firearms Declaration(CAFC909EF) form. Sam sent this form to me when I confirmed my hunt with him in February. The form is very simple to complete and on it you can register up to 3 firearms and the cost is $25(Canadian) which you pay at the time of crossing. The registration is good for 60 days. Do not sign and date the form until you are at customs. In all the times I have traveled to Canada with a firearm(s) to hunt it has been a very simple process which usually will take no more than 30 minutes. To download this form Goggle “Canadian firearms declaration form.”

With regards to transporting firearms to Canada , which they may or may not inspect at the border, is in a protective and lockable case, and obviously, unloaded. It is wise if your gun is a bolt action to remove the bolt, and if it a clip remove the clip.

CLOTHING
Weather-wise, during September it is usually very pleasant in the mid - 40s which is good hunting weather. But Dick and other hunters who have been to Newfoundland in September all agree that things can change very quickly. “You will hunt in the rain,” they tell me and things will get damp and therefore layering you clothing is the best method. The absolute must for this trip is quality rain gear which should include quality rubber boots that are 16 or 17 inches high and with aggressive tread.


THE GUN/AMMO
Now those of you who know me are probably saying: “First moose hunt; he will surely have to buy a new gun.” That’s what my wife thought also. Well, believe it or not, the gun that I will be using is one that is already in my gun cabinet. In fact I have had it for at least 7 years now and never really shot anything with it. It is a ported Remington Model 700 BDL in the .300 Win Mag caliber. I told you I knew that one day I would be making this hunt and actually bought the gun solely for the purpose of hunting moose with it. The only action it has seen up until now has been a twice a year complete cleaning and oiling. But now that my dream hunt is going to be a reality I have added a quality optic and spent some range time getting acquainted with this gun; and I am very impressed with its performance and power; just what is needed to bring down a large bull moose that stands higher than a large saddle horse and can weigh as much as 1500 pounds.

When I asked Sam and Hebbert what to expect in terms of the range of shooting distance he said that it could be anywhere from 50 yards to 400 yards; which was another reason I chose the .300 win mag cartridge.

With the number of quality scopes offered today my selection of the right one for this rifle and especially this hunt was difficult. At the Shot Show in January I spent one day visiting optic manufacturers booths and reviewing what they were offering in scopes. One in particular impressed me; Hawke Optics. And when Brad Bonar, their Sales Manager, let me look through their Endurance 30 series 3-12x50 L3 Dot IR reticle scope all I could think about was placing that red dot on the shoulder of my Newfoundland bull moose. Other important features include a 30mm matt black mono tube, it is fog and waterproof, shockproof and has an 11 setting rheostat to adjust the Dot’s intensity to any light condition.

After mounting and bore sighting the scope I headed for the range where I tested 3 brands of ammunition shooting from a Caldwell Lead Sled shooting rest which is the only way to sight in a firearm for two reasons: one is that you get the best accuracy and two, it absorbs almost all of the felt recoil. My 3-shot grouping with the Endurance was quite impressive(one-half inch) and the best results were with the Winchester Supreme Elite XP3, 180 grain 2-stage expansion bullet with delayed controlled expansion, deep penetration and high weight retention. Ballistically it has a muzzle velocity of 3000 feet per second and energy of 3597 foot pounds. Just the right medicine for taking a moose down. Zeroed at 200 yards it will be 1.4 inches high at 100 yards and 6.4 inches low at 300 yards. And should I get that 400 yard shot, my holdover will be 18.5 inches.

One other service I found helpful when dealing with Hawke Optics was their Ballistic Reticle Calculator(BRC) which is a free software package that will help you to choose the right ammunition for your gun and print a copy of the results. This program covers calibers from a 177 air rifle, up to a 300 Weatherby magnum and even will calculate the best crossbow bolt for your crossbow. To get the BRC go to their web at hawkeoptics, click on “Hawke BRC” and they will email it to you. And while you are there click on “NEW Reticle Information” and see how my L3 DOT IR looks when sighting in a bull elk in the field.

PART II - THE HUNT

Forty five years ago when I realized how much I enjoyed big game hunting I promised myself that someday I was going to go on a moose hunt. And two weeks ago my wish came true in Newfoundland at Sam’s Hunting and Fishing Camps; and I can honestly say it was the most exciting hunting adventures I have ever experienced.

It was 2a.m. when I stepped off the plane in Deer Lake along with several other camo clad passengers and headed for the baggage claim conveyor. Now if you have ever traveled with a firearm on a hunting trip you know how good you feel when you see that gun case come out on the conveyor; and mine did. But my suitcase, with all my hunting clothes, boots and other accessories, didn’t. Now I had a real problem because in just 4 hours my outfitter Sam Caines was going to pick me up and take me to the helicopter that would fly me into St. Paul’s Big Pond; which was the only access to the camp.

At the airline desk I completed the missing baggage claim form and explained the situation and asked how, when they found my bag, they would get it to me. They would have to send it to the outfitter who would then have it flown out to me at the camp. So when I climbed into that helicopter later that morning I was wearing my hunting clothes: jeans, Nike shoes, long sleeve cotton shirt, baseball cap and a photographer’s vest. Not exactly what I needed for the spot and stalk hunting in wet bogs in the wind and rain and temperatures in the low 40s.

The helicopter ride was great and I got a chance to see just how beautiful the Newfoundland wilderness really is; and it was then that I felt the excitement of the upcoming hunt despite the knot in my stomach because of my lost luggage. I could not hunt like this and all I thought about was having to stay in camp for 7 days and not being able to hunt; something I waited a lifetime to do.

After settling in, which did not take long for me, I got to meet the other three hunters: Oscar Primelles, my roommate from Florida; and Victor Chandler and Wayne Cleveland who were both from Nova Scotia. The staff included guides Hebbert, Sherman and Harrison Caines, Ralph House and Derrick Kelly our camp cook. Each hunter at Sam’s has his/her own guide. Ironically all had heard of my problem with the airlines and they all said “they would dress me.” Each one of them contributed to my hunting outfit and when I dressed for hunting on Monday morning the only piece of clothing I was wearing that was mine was my underwear; which by the way, I washed each evening and hung over the wood stove to dry.

That evening before the hunt I felt lot better knowing I would be able to hunt comfortably and thoroughly enjoyed Derrick’s ham dinner with all the trimmings which we all found out was equally outstanding all week. And that included the home made bread, pies and cakes.

MONDAY
It rained all night and it was raining at 7 a.m. with 5-10 ph winds and temperatures in the mid - 30s when Sherman, my guide, and I along with Oscar and his guide Hebbert, all climbed into an 18 foot aluminum boat and headed for the other end of the pond. This “pond” by the way was the size of Saratoga Lake.

Once on shore we all started up 12 STOP mountain which is the name I gave it because it required 12 rest stops where I would catch my breath before I reached the top. Sherman and I stayed on one side of the top while Oscar and Hebbert went over the top to the other side to set up. Each of the guides would call, using only their mouths, but nothing came in.

By 9 a.m. the wind had picked up considerably and that combined with the heavy rains made sitting difficult; and at by 11:00 we were back in the boat and headed for camp. And when we got there Derrick’s homemade turkey vegetable soup was just what we all needed. No one that morning had seen a moose.

The afternoon watch took us up another steep incline( 10 Stop mountain) and the bad weather conditions were the same. I remember reading that moose do not move much when it is rainy and windy and they didn’t this evening either. Victor and Ralph reported seeing two cow moose that evening but they were about 500 yards across the bog.

TUESDAY
Anticipation was high that morning despite the fact that conditions had actually gotten tougher and we had to wait about an hour for the fog to lift before we left camp. This time Sherman and I headed out behind the camp for an area they called the Waiting Rock stand. It was an 8 stops climb for me and we climbed into the 20 foot high tower. These towers are quite unique. They(guides) find four 10 - 12 inch trees that are in a square about 5 or 6 feet apart, trim the branches from the ground up, cut the tops off the trees, and build a platform blind enclosing the sides with canvas and with seats. It is quite comfortable but I found out that temperatures were a bit colder at this height. And at times the high winds would create horizontal rains which added to our discomfort. But that’s hunting. And again, by 10 a.m. we were headed back to camp without sighting a single moose.

It was on this trip back to camp that I found out about what Newfoundlanders call a bog hole, and why they told me to always watch and duplicate where your guide steps; which I did on the first day. However on this day I got caught up in looking at the beautiful scenery and my right foot with the 18 inch high boot found its way into a 24 in hole full f water. I knew than that I was done hunting for the day. But as it turned out, because of the bad weather no one went out that afternoon.

WEDNESDAY
Finally Mother Nature turned off the water, reduced the wind and replaced them with chilly 34 degree temperatures. At daybreak Sherman and I headed back up for the Waiting Rock tower; but we never made it. The evening before Hebbert had told me that in the history of this camp Waiting Rock had produced at least 100 moose harvests and on this day I was about to make it 101.

Several hundred yards from camp we stopped and Sherman made a few cow calls but got no response. Continuing up the hill we were just about 100 yards from the bog that the tower was located in when Sherman stopped, tapped his ear and pointed at the thick spruce off to our left. I heard the scraping and then saw those large palmated antlers thrashing the trees and brush about 80 yards from us. I think I froze momentarily in awe. It is one thing to watch something like this on the Outdoor Channel, but it is nothing like actually being there. Quickly and quietly I chambered a round and turned the Hawke scopes power down to 4. I don’t remember being nervous but I am sure I was.

By watching the movement of the bushes and trees we could see the bull was heading parallel to us and hopefully he would cross a 15 foot opening about 50 yards from me. Sherman motioned me up a few yards where I set up on a small rise in the trail, got down on one knee, clicked off my safety and laid my cheek on the stock.

All the time I could feel the chill running up and down my spine and my heart was pounding. To keep the bull headed in our direction Sherman cleverly turned his back on the bull and called again making it sound like this love sick cow was leaving. It worked.

Not only did the bull step into the opening but he started to turn down the trail towards me. I don’t know remember my feelings or even pulling the trigger when that big bull was just 40 yards from me slowly tossing his head from side to side. I knew I had hit him, but I am not sure he knew. Shot number two got the reaction I was looking for and shot number three put him on the ground. It was then that I remember what the veteran hunters and guides in camp said; “ shoot until he is down.”

My knees were a bit shaky when I stood up and so were my hands as Sherman and I waited a few minutes before moving cautiously toward the fallen bull. And when we were sure he was dead the high 5s, hoots, hugs and handshakes began. I don’t know exactly how many times I thanked Sherman, my 27 year old guide, for my first bull; and he thanked me also; because I was actually the first client he had guided.

I believe I stood over my bull for at least 15 minutes just admiring his rack, head, swollen neck and shoulders. Everything about him was “BIG.”

Now the real work was about to begin for Sherman. That big half ton at least animal had to be rolled over and not only field dressed but boned, quartered and carried out on a pack frame.

Back in camp that afternoon after another long photo shoot Hebbert gave me my bulls statistics. He estimated that the bull weighed 1500 pounds, was 7-8 years old, had 22 measurable points, 13 inch palms, a 48 3/4 inch spread and the bases of his antlers measured 9 3/4 inches around.

As for the other hunters in camp they too tagged out by the end of the week. My cabin roommate Oscar, shot a 10 point bull, called in by Hebbert, just about 550 yards from where I took my bull on the Waiting Rock watch. On the next morning, Thursday, Harrison called in a 3 point bull and a cow moose to Victor, who chose to shoot the cow. And at 9:10 a.m. on Saturday, the final day of hunting, I was in camp when Ralph called in to report he had called in a 4 point bull at the Waiting Rock tower, which Wayne dropped with just one shot at 158 yards. It was this 73 year old gentleman’s 10 th bull and his 10 th year of hunting with Sam. The first week of the 2009 moose hunt at St. Paul’s Big Pond was 100 percent successful. And I later found out that only one hunter in all three of Sam’s outpost camps had not taken a moose this week.

If you have ever considered a moose hunt I highly recommend that you contact Sam’s Hunting and Fishing Camps(709-898-2535).



          GFSR Looks at LiftnBuddy for Hand truck Safety        
GFSR and Manufacturing Journalist TR Cutler Look at LiftnBuddy for Hand truck Safety
          Lift n Buddy Profiled by Manufacturing Journalist TR Cutler        
Lift n Buddy Profiled by Manufacturing Journalist TR Cutler in WTG Manufacturing and Supply Chain News
          WTG Manufacturing and Supply Chain News Looks at Lift n Buddy to Avoid Back Injury        
WTG Manufacturing and Supply Chain News Looks at Lift n Buddy to Avoid Back Injury
          Hand truck Safety Leader LiftnBuddy Profiled in GFSR        
Hand truck Safety Leader LiftnBuddy Profiled in GFSR, manufacturing journalist TR Cutler examines the role of Hand Truck Safety
          On Sale Moda Fandango Kate Spain Layer Cake NEW by TheKnottedBobbin        

Sold



This is a really pretty line by Kate Spain. There are florals, strips, prints, florals and alot of great colors! Rich aquas, browns, reds and yellows are set off by a creamy background.


Kate Spain creates a beautiful line of Spanish inspired prints for Moda. The patterns share a distinct pottery or tile feel. Continuing that influence, the colors have weathered dustiness akin to earthen ware, pottery, or tile. Let your creativity flow with this unique collection by Moda.

Contents: 42 10"x10" quilt fabric squares, cut, with pinked edges, and packaged by Moda
Please note: There are duplicates of some of the fabric squares to make 42.
Colors: berry red, summer sky blue, brick, ivory
Fabric line/collection: Fandango
Designer: Kate Spain
Manufacturer: Moda
Please note: These are NOT flannel or brushed cotton.
100% cotton, quilt shop quality fabrics from my smoke free, pet free home



How to slice a layer cake:
1. Cut 5” x 5” to yield 4 4 ½” x 4 ½” finished squares.
2. Cut twice diagonally to yield 4 8 ½” quarter square finished triangles (trim ¼”)
3. Cut 5” x 5” to yield 2 4 ½” x 4 ½” finished squares and 2 ½” x 2 ½” for 8 2” x 2” finished squares.
4. Cut 5” x 5” and cut once diagonally to yield 8 4” finished half square triangles.
5. Cut 3” x 3” to yield 9 2 ½” x 2 ½” finished squares. (trim 1”)
6. Cut 2” x 10” to yield 5 1 ½” x 9 ½” finished strips.
7. Cut once-diagonally to yield 2 9” finished half square triangles.
8. 4 4” x 4” finished circles.


          Allied Universal turns 1        
08/02/2017

Allied Universal, a leading facility services company and one of the largest security forces in North America, marked its one-year anniversary this week after forming a year ago via the merger of AlliedBarton Security Services and Universal Services of America.

In the announcement, Steve Jones, Allied Universal CEO, thanked all of the company’s 150,000 employees and its clients “for their continued support and commitment that contributed to a phenomenal first year as our new company! I look forward to our continued success in the security and services industries."

Over the past year the company has made several acquisitions, as it continues to transform to a full-service security company, moving beyond the manguarding services the it has been known for.

Jones told Security Systems News, after the company’s most recent acquisition of ALERT Protective Services in May, that the company continues to look at acquisitions as a way to diversify its offerings.

“We’ve got a pretty robust pipeline of deals that we are looking at—some in the technology space and some in the traditional manguarding space—and we hope to announce a few more before the year is over that will help us to diversify our company and bring more value to our clients.”

In the press release announcing the one-year milestone, the company outlined some additional organizational achievements since the merger:

•    Became the unequivocal leader in guarding services throughout North America. Our security professionals and our company play a major role in keeping the U.S. and Canada safe and secure.

•    Provided service to over half of the Fortune 500 companies and nearly every major retail mall in the U.S. From healthcare facilities, commercial office buildings, manufacturing and industrial plants, residential communities, transportation facilities and government services, Allied Universal has a significant security presence.

•    Managed the integration of a workforce of over 150,000 security professionals to perform our jobs on a daily basis and serve our growing customer base.

•    Implemented a world-class training program, the AU Institute, which offers over 1,000 training assets and professional development programs to enhance our security professionals' delivery of service and protection.

•    Introduced several technological innovations to expand our physical and operational security solutions and service offerings to enhance the protection of client properties and assets.

 


          Pre-Engineered Robotic Welding Cells for First Timers        

Lincoln Electric Company is introducing a new option for manufacturers adopting automated welding capability for the first time. The Auto-Mate pre-engineered robotic welding cells, available in two designs, are described as “affordable” units that allow new adoptees of automated welding capability to establish the operation in their plant or shop, quickly and easily.

read more


          Mobility's Influence on Manufacturing Processes, People        

read more


          Lincoln Electric Partners with FFA on Student-Designed Welding Helmet        
Lincoln Electric partnered with National FFA Organization to manufacture and sell contest winner welding helmet design.

read more


          LED Increase Visibility, Productivity, Accuracy         
Hougen Manufacturing introduced what it called the first pilot light to the magnet of their new drill models.

read more


          Selecting, Applying the Right Technology for Welding Batteries        
Joining materials battery manufacturing allows different options, including resistance, ultrasonic, micro-TIG and laser welding.

read more


          Machine Cuts Pipe, Squares, Tubes, and Plates Too        
The HGG Multi-Profile Cutting machine is a cost-effective and flexible option for manufacturers with production volumes that do not justify dedicated machines for profiling pipe alone.

read more


          Dog Health Can Be Improved With a Natural Diet        
It goes without saying that your dog needs suitable nutrition to remain healthy. Vets and pet food manufacturers often have differing views on appropriate nutrition for your dog. Although commercial pet food manufacturers are motivated in large part by profits, commercially prepared foods are routinely recommended as part of an adequate, or good, diet for your dog. Sometimes your vet or dog breeder may approve of commercially prepared foods as the sole diet of your dog. Many experts, however, tend to prefer a largely natural diet which for dogs is invariably comprised of meat and bones. Raw is preferable to cooked, as some of the minerals are definitely lost in the cooking process.

The reason why the commercially prepared pet food is so often fed to our dogs, is because, apart from the convenience, it can (depending upon the quality) actually contain many of the nutrients which are essential to your dog. The key word here is quality. There are in fact very, very few commercial manufacturers which produce nutrient-rich food. And they're not the brands you find in your supermarket, or even in most pet stores or vetinarians.

Raw bones with a little dry food as well as occasional rice or pasta, and perhaps the odd quality food scrap from your table, will generally contain most of the nutrients which your dog needs. All dogs must obtain reasonable nutrition from their food to maintain excellent health and performance. The main nutrients required by your dog are water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. Vitamin or mineral deficiency in dogs fed a commercially manufactured diet today is not widely publicised. But then again, the slosh and dried formulae which are readily available from your vet or the local supermarket are not the natural diet for your dog. If your dog was left to fend for itself in the wild (assuming it could manage to adapt, that is), would choose raw meat. And one of the reasons why meat, and especially bones, are so good, is the chewing action and the teeth cleaning function which the bones perform.

Of course, there are also commercially prepared substitutes which can also effectively clean the teeth of your dog and satisfy his/her need to chew. A lesser known fact is that to feed your dog only meat (with no bones and no cereals or other carbohydrate source) can cause severe deficiencies: your dog is likely to become lethargic, sick, and even death has been known to occur from an all meat diet. But what about dogs in the wild, I hear you ask? Isn’t meat a dog’s natural diet? Isn’t that what you just said, Brigitte? Well, yes and no: in the wild dogs eat the whole of their prey, not simply muscle meat - they thus obtain vegetable matter from the digestive tract of their prey, and calcium from the bones. As well, wild dogs occasionally, but routinely, add to their diet with plants, fruit and berries. Most dogs relish some raw fruit and vegetables in their diet, so long as that's what they're used to.

A dog who has been fed commercially prepared dog food all of its life won't be used to the taste of fresh food, so may well turn up his/her nose if you introduce such healthy food later in life. But persevere - try hand feeding pieces of carrot or apple to begin with. And if your dog is still very young, all the better. Start as you mean to go on and feed him/her some raw fruit and vegetables from time to time. Your dog's health will benefit!
          Hey Hey They’re the Monkees…        
…. and every week from 1966 to 1968, we’d tune in to see what antics they’d be up to. The four young musicians trying to make a go of it and the trials they met along the way. While they were the first of the manufactured bands, earning them the nickname of the “Pre-Fab Four” […]
          Westinghouse Completes Acquisition; Accelerates Energy Market Opportunities        

Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, as a Toshiba group company, today announced it has completed its acquisition of Mangiarotti S.p.A., an Italy-based manufacturer of components for the nuclear, oil and gas industries.

(PRWeb September 23, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/09/prweb12192219.htm


          Westinghouse Acquisition to Expand Nuclear, Oil and Gas Business        

Westinghouse Electric Company LLC today announced its intent to purchase 100 percent ownership of Mangiarotti S.p.A., an Italy-based manufacturer of components for the nuclear, oil and gas industries.

(PRWeb July 02, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/07/prweb11992831.htm


          Westinghouse Continues to Serve Leibstadt Nuclear Power Station Fuel Needs in Switzerland        

Westinghouse Electric Company today announced that Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt AG has decided to extend its fuel contract with Westinghouse for manufacturing and delivery of fuel to the nuclear power plant in Leibstadt, Switzerland.

(PRWeb December 10, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/12/prweb11407837.htm


          How Plastic We've Become        

Our bodies carry residues of kitchen plastics

Food for Thought

In the 1967 film classic The Graduate, a businessman corners Benjamin Braddock at a cocktail party and gives him a bit of career advice. "Just one word…plastics."

Although Benjamin didn't heed that recommendation, plenty of other young graduates did. Today, the planet is awash in products spawned by the plastics industry. Residues of plastics have become ubiquitous in the environment—and in our bodies.

A federal government study now reports that bisphenol A (BPA)—the building block of one of the most widely used plastics—laces the bodies of the vast majority of U.S. residents young and old.

Manufacturers link BPA molecules into long chains, called polymers, to make polycarbonate plastics. All of those clear, brittle plastics used in baby bottles, food ware, and small kitchen appliances (like food-processor bowls) are made from polycarbonates. BPA-based resins also line the interiors of most food, beer, and soft-drink cans. With use and heating, polycarbonates can break down, leaching BPA into the materials they contact. Such as foods.

And that could be bad if what happens in laboratory animals also happens in people, because studies in rodents show that BPA can trigger a host of harmful changes, from reproductive havoc to impaired blood-sugar control and obesity (SN: 9/29/07, p. 202).

For the new study, scientists analyzed urine from some 2,500 people who had been recruited between 2003 and 2004 for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Roughly 92 percent of the individuals hosted measurable amounts of BPA, according to a report in the January Environmental Health Perspectives. It's the first study to measure the pollutant in a representative cross-section of the U.S. population.

Typically, only small traces of BPA turned up, concentrations of a few parts per billion in urine, note chemist Antonia M. Calafat and her colleagues at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, with hormone-mimicking agents like BPA, even tiny exposures can have notable impacts.

Overall, concentrations measured by Calafat's team were substantially higher than those that have triggered disease, birth defects, and more in exposed animals, notes Frederick S. vom Saal, a University of Missouri-Columbia biologist who has been probing the toxicology of BPA for more than 15 years.

The BPA industry describes things differently. Although Calafat's team reported urine concentrations of BPA, in fact they assayed a breakdown product—the compound by which BPA is excreted, notes Steven G. Hentges of the American Chemistry Council's Polycarbonate/BPA Global Group. As such, he argues, "this does not mean that BPA itself is present in the body or in urine."

On the other hand, few people have direct exposure to the breakdown product.

Hentges' group estimates that the daily BPA intake needed to create urine concentrations reported by the CDC scientists should be in the neighborhood of 50 nanograms per kilogram of bodyweight—or one millionth of an amount at which "no adverse effects" were measured in multi-generation animal studies. In other words, Hentges says, this suggests "a very large margin of safety."

No way, counters vom Saal. If one applies the ratio of BPA intake to excreted values in hosts of published animal studies, concentrations just reported by CDC suggest that the daily intake of most Americans is actually closer to 100 micrograms (µg) per kilogram bodyweight, he says—or some 1,000-fold higher than the industry figure.

Clearly, there are big differences of opinion and interpretation. And a lot may rest on who's right.

Globally, chemical manufacturers produce an estimated 2.8 million tons of BPA each year. The material goes into a broad range of products, many used in and around the home. BPA also serves as the basis of dental sealants, which are resins applied to the teeth of children to protect their pearly whites from cavities (SN: 4/6/96, p. 214). The industry, therefore, has a strong economic interest in seeing that the market for BPA-based products doesn't become eroded by public concerns over the chemical.

And that could happen. About 2 years after a Japanese research team showed that BPA leached out of baby bottles and plastic food ware (see What's Coming Out of Baby's Bottle?), manufacturers of those consumer products voluntarily found BPA substitutes for use in food cans. Some 2 years after that, a different group of Japanese scientists measured concentrations of BPA residues in the urine of college students. About half of the samples came from before the switch, the rest from after the period when BPA was removed from food cans.

By comparing urine values from the two time periods, the researchers showed that BPA residues were much lower—down by at least 50 percent—after Japanese manufacturers had eliminated BPA from the lining of food cans.

Concludes vom Saal, in light of the new CDC data and a growing body of animal data implicating even low-dose BPA exposures with the potential to cause harm, "the most logical thing" for the United States to do would be to follow in Japan's footsteps and "get this stuff [BPA] out of our food."

Kids appear most exposed

Overall, men tend to have statistically lower concentrations of BPA than women, the NHANES data indicate. But the big difference, Calafat says, traces to age. "Children had higher concentrations than adolescents, and they in turn had higher levels than adults," she told Science News Online.

This decreasing body burden with older age "is something we have seen with some other nonpersistent chemicals," Calafat notes—such as phthalates, another class of plasticizers.

The spread between the average BPA concentration that her team measured in children 6 to 11 years old (4.5 µg/liter) and adults (2.5 µg/L) doesn't look like much, but proved reliably different.

The open question is why adults tended to excrete only 55 percent as much BPA. It could mean children have higher exposures, she posits, or perhaps that they break it down less efficiently. "We really need to do more research to be able to answer that question."

Among other differences that emerged in the NHANES analysis: urine residues of BPA decreased with increasing household income and varied somewhat with ethnicity (with Mexican-Americans having the lowest average values, blacks the highest, and white's values in between).

There was also a time-of-day difference, with urine values for any given group tending to be highest in the evening, lowest in the afternoon, and midway between those in the morning. Since BPA's half-life in the body is only about 6 hours, that temporal variation in the chemical's excretion would be consistent with food as a major source of exposure, the CDC scientists note.

In the current NHANES paper, BPA samples were collected only once from each recruit. However, in a paper due to come out in the February Environmental Health Perspectives, Calafat and colleagues from several other institutions looked at how BPA excretion varied over a 2-year span among 82 individuals—men and women—seen at a fertility clinic in Boston.

In contrast to the NHANES data, the upcoming report shows that men tended to have somewhat higher BPA concentrations than women. Then again both groups had only about one-quarter the concentration typical of Americans.

The big difference in the Boston group emerged among the 10 women who ultimately became pregnant. Their BPA excretion increased 33 percent during pregnancy. Owing to the small number of participants in this subset of the study population, the pregnancy-associated change was not statistically significant. However, the researchers report, these are the first data to look for changes during pregnancy and ultimately determining whether some feature of pregnancy—such as a change in diet or metabolism of BPA—really alters body concentrations of the pollutant could be important. It could point to whether the fetus faces an unexpectedly high exposure to the pollutant.

If it does, the fetus could face a double whammy: Not only would exposures be higher during this period of organ and neural development, but rates of detoxification also would be diminished, vom Saal says.

Indeed, in a separate study, one due to be published soon in Reproductive Toxicology, his team administered BPA by ingestion or by injection to 3-day-old mice. Either way, the BPA exposure resulted in comparable BPA concentrations in blood.

What's more, that study found, per unit of BPA delivered, blood values in the newborns were "markedly higher" than other studies have reported for adult rodents exposed to the chemical. And that makes sense, vom Saal says, because the enzyme needed to break BPA down and lead to its excretion is only a tenth as active in babies as in adults. That's true in the mouse, he says, in the rat—and, according to some preliminary data, in humans.

Vom Saal contends that since studies have shown BPA exhibits potent hormonelike activity in human cells at the parts-per-trillion level, and since the new CDC study finds that most people are continually exposed to concentrations well above the parts-per-trillion ballpark, it's time to reevaluate whether it makes sense to use BPA-based products in and around foods.


If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.


          A Sweeter Hops        

Federal scientists have bred a new, antimicrobial-rich hops variety for tea

Food for Thought

Brewers prize hops for the characteristic bitter flavors they impart to ales, lagers, and other beers. But aficionados of another class of brews—certain herbal teas—would prefer their hops bitterfree. And federal scientists may have come up with just what the doctor ordered.

"People have used hops medicinally for a long time. It's a fairly ancient remedy," notes plant physiologist Barbara M. Reed with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, in Corvallis, Ore.

The bitter tonic made from hops has putative sedative, hypnotic, and antianxiety properties. Hops tea has been offered as a folk remedy for conditions ranging from fever and insomnia to bruises and cancer, according to a report by botanist James A. Duke, who has authored several books on medicinal plants. A quick browse on the Internet will turn up numerous sources of hop tea.

The new cultivar, named Teamaker, may produce an especially palatable brew owing to a unique ratio of certain acid components. Moreover, the components that predominate in Teamaker have long-established antimicrobial properties. Indeed, their germ-fighting function appears to have won the appreciation of brewers more than a millennium ago, notes John A. Henning, who leads hop genetics and breeding at a USDA research center, also in Corvallis. Beer producers realized that when their recipe included hops, brews not only proved tasty, but had a longer shelf life.

Hops breeder Alfred Haunold and his colleagues at the Corvallis center will formally register their debittered cultivar this month.

What brewers of all stripes refer to as hops are actually the cone-shaped dried female flowers of the Humulus lupulus L. plant. Inside are glands that contain flavorful oils and some fairly bitter water-soluble components.

To extract the flavorings for use in beer, or merely to make a cup of tea, brewers boil the cones to release their characteristic flavorings. However, the altered chemistry of USDA's new hop has dramatically boosted the production of flavorings possessing natural, antibiotic properties.

In fact, the elevated antibiotic attributes of the new hop might open new markets for this crop, observes Henning. For instance, sugar producers might turn to it as a preservative to prevent microbial degradation of their product during processing. Alternatively, he notes, manufacturers and others may substitute it for the formaldehyde used to control pests and fungal growth in everything from animal feed and plywood to tissues that are being stored for use in research.

Alpha vs. beta

The key flavor compounds in hops trace to two families of chemicals: water-soluble alpha acids, and beta acids that develop in the plants' essential oils. Breweries prize the alpha acids for their hearty, if bitter, taste: These serve as a natural foil to the sweet compounds that develop in many beers. Indeed, some brewers just buy isolated hop-derived alpha acids and dispense with the beta acids entirely.

The new Teamaker hop derives from experiments several decades ago when Haunold wanted to see the extent to which he could preferentially maximize a plant's production of alpha or beta acids. One successful beta-rich cultivar proved virtually devoid of alpha acids. A technician who tasted it jokingly said the bitterfree product would be great for tea—eventually giving rise to its name.

In the January Journal of Plant Registrations, Henning, Haunold, and their coauthors describe Teamaker's pedigree—at least as much as is known. Most of its initial ancestors appear to have come from old English lines, such as cultivars known as Fuggle and Late Grape. However, Henning points out, because these lines are rich in alpha acids, there must have also been beta-rich ancestors. He now suspects that these were probably wild U.S. hops that pollinated their English cousins growing openly in Oregon fields, early in the last century.

Currently, U.S. farmers produce some 55 million pounds of hops annually. Since the big market for hops has always been beer, the alpha acids-shy Teamaker languished in a few test plots for decades. A beer company or two checked the variety out, but ultimately exhibited no commercial interest.

Recently, however, interest in beta acids—and their antimicrobial prowess—has been growing, independent of hops' use in beer. For instance, European sugar refiners have begun buying beta-acid extracts—essentially leftovers from alpha-acid production for breweries—as a bitterfree, all-natural preservative for use during manufacturing. At the same time, some feed suppliers have begun substituting beta acids for low-dose antibiotics as a livestock growth-promoting dietary additive. Feed producers couldn't use conventional hops directly, Henning notes, because the alpha acids' bitter taste would have soured the animals' interest in their chow.

However, with Teamaker, the hop is essentially alpha acids-free: It certainly has the lowest quantity of alpha acids of any commercially available hop.

Teamaker is available to breeders through the National Clonal Germplasm Repository—essentially a federal library with holdings that include more than 510 different hops. Some are wild natives collected throughout the United States. Others are cultivated varieties collected from throughout the world.

But if the idea of bitterfree hops appeals, Henning says, stay tuned. In a year or two his group expects to announce a new and improved variety. Think of it, he says, as bitter-Terminator 2.


If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

Citations

John A. Henning

Forage Seed and Cereal Research

U.S. Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

3450 SW Campus Way

Corvallis, OR 97331

Barbara M. Reed

National Clonal Germplasm Repository

U.S. Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

33447 Peoria Road

Corvallis, OR 97333-2521
Further Reading

Carter, P.R., et al. 1990. Hop cultivation and use information. In Alternative Field Crops Manual. University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Service. Available at [Go to].

DeNoma, J.S. 2000. Background information on Hops. USDA ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository. Available at [Go to].

Duke, J.A. 1983. Humulus lupulus L. In Handbook of Energy Crops . Available at [Go to].

          #MFG DAY – Does your company participate?        
Does your company participate in Manufacturing Day℠? Manufacturing Day takes place on Oct 6, 2017 but events happen all through the month of October across the country. The day is meant to inspire the next generation of manufacturers and celebrate modern manufacturing! To participate in #MFGday, companies and organizations plan events for their communities and […]
          Dream It. Do It. Inspires Youth        
The Dream It. Do It. network aims to inspire youth to pursue careers in manufacturing and also works to educate career influencers, such as teachers and parents, about manufacturing as a high-quality career choice. The network was launched by the Manufacturing Institue in 2005 and since then has engaged thousands of manufacturers, students, parents, and educators. Dream […]
          The Changing Role of IT        
One of the major trends in manufacturing today is the changing role of IT professionals. Once focused merely on supporting and maintaining systems, IT leaders are now involved in high-level business strategies. But this is just the beginning. A report published by Deloitte Technology Consulting, Tech Trends 2017, forecasts even more of a shift in […]
          â€˜Nabhi’ marble wash-stands by Enzo Berti for Kreoo (IT)        

Kreoo is the new label of the Italian manufacturer Decormarmi, a historic Italian company specialised in marble and stone processing. With Nabhi, designed by Enzo Berti, Kreoo launched a new series of modular wash-stands, composed of a tray and a basin. The elements come in various shapes and marbles and are adaptable to different sub-structures. […]
          Un iPod manuel à 4 vitesses au plancher        
Les habitudes de consommations changent des industries entières. Et les premiers à comprendre ça sont les manufacturiers de voitures. En 2000, la plupart des sous-compactes offraient un lecteur CD en option, mais pas de fenêtres ou de verrous de porte automatique En 2004, la plupart des sous-compactes offraient un lecteur CD MP3 en option et [...]
          Special 315: Digital Experience! at CES 2017        

TWiT Live Specials (Video-HD)

Exploring the floor at the Pepcom Digital Experience we found, NextVR who is partnering with the NFL to immerse fans in VR highlights, Anker and the future of portable battery power, Switchmate snaps over existing light switches to bring lighting controls to your phone, and Rohinni is manufacturing micro-LEDs that are thinner, brighter, and more efficient.

Host: Fr. Robert Ballecer, SJ

Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/twit-live-specials.

Thanks to CacheFly for the bandwidth for this special presentation.


          Misuse of Novel Synthetic Opioids: A Deadly New Trend        
image Novel synthetic opioids (NSOs) include various analogs of fentanyl and newly emerging non-fentanyl compounds. Together with illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF), these drugs have caused a recent spike in overdose deaths, whereas deaths from prescription opioids have stabilized. NSOs are used as stand-alone products, as adulterants in heroin, or as constituents of counterfeit prescription medications. During 2015 alone, there were 9580 deaths from synthetic opioids other than methadone. Most of these fatalities were associated with IMF rather than diverted pharmaceutical fentanyl. In opioid overdose cases, where the presence of fentanyl analogs was examined, analogs were implicated in 17% of fatalities. Recent data from law enforcement sources show increasing confiscation of acetylfentanyl, butyrylfentanyl, and furanylfentanyl, in addition to non-fentanyl compounds such as U-47700. Since 2013, deaths from NSOs in the United States were 52 for acetylfentanyl, 40 for butyrylfentanyl, 128 for furanylfentanyl, and 46 for U-47700. All of these substances induce a classic opioid toxidrome, which can be reversed with the competitive antagonist naloxone. However, due to the putative high potency of NSOs and their growing prevalence, it is recommended to forgo the 0.4 mg initial dose of naloxone and start with 2 mg. Because NSOs offer enormous profit potential, and there is strong demand for their use, these drugs are being trafficked by organized crime. NSOs present major challenges for medical professionals, law enforcement agencies, and policymakers. Resources must be distributed equitably to enhance harm reduction though public education, medication-assisted therapies, and improved access to naloxone.
          How Should Remote Clinical Monitoring Be Used to Treat Alcohol Use Disorders?: Initial Findings From an Expert Round Table Discussion        
Scientific evidence combined with new health insurance coverage now enable a chronic illness management approach to the treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUDs), including regular monitoring of blood alcohol content (BAC), as a useful indicator of disease control. Recent technical advances now permit many different types of remote, real-time monitoring of BAC. However, there is no body of research to empirically guide clinicians in how to maximize the clinical potential of remote BAC monitoring. As an initial step in guiding and supporting such research, the manufacturer of one remote BAC monitoring system sponsored a group of experienced clinicians and clinical researchers to discuss 8 issues that generally affect remote, clinical BAC monitoring of “adults in outpatient AUD treatment.” The expert panel unanimously agreed that remote BAC monitoring for at least 12 months during and after the outpatient treatment of AUD was a clinically viable deterrent to relapse. There was also consensus that positive test results (ie, recent alcohol use) should lead to intensified care and monitoring. However, there was no agreement on specific types of clinical intensification after a positive test. The panel agreed that sharing positive and negative test results with members of the patient support group was helpful in reinforcing abstinence, yet they noted many practical issues regarding information sharing that remain concerning. Significant differences within the panel on several important clinical issues underline the need for more clinical and implementation research to produce empirically-supported guidelines for the use of remote BAC monitoring in AUD treatment.
          Wire Harness Assembly - Lead Technician        

Wire Harness Assembly - Lead Technician | Full Time Position

Bazzaz, Inc. is currently seeking to fill a full-time position for a Wire Harness Assembly - Lead Technician.

Bazzaz is a designer and manufacturer of superior-quality motorcycle & ATV electronics and dynamometers located in Chino Hills, CA.
We are committed to providing customers the very best experience which we believe stems from hiring the best employees.
For more information on the company please visit bazzaz.net.

Location: Chino Hills, CA

Description: Seeking an individual who is proficient in operating wire cut and strip, and terminal press machines.
Able to perform cable harnessing, wire harnessing, assembly and subassembly using drawings, schematics, and wire diagrams.
Candidate should be acutely focused on quality and will perform quality inspections. Listed below are the basic duties and requirements of the position:

  • Assemble wire & cable harnesses, subassemblies, wiring, crimping, soldering, plugging stripping, routing, inspecting, and potting.
  • Understand and be to operate wire cut & strip machine & terminal presses
  • Basic knowledge of components & maintain inventory of parts
  • Perform quality inspections
  • Perform regular maintenance and upkeep of the equipment
  • Monitor production runs
  • Follow strict quality control process
  • Must be able to work 40 hours per week 7AM-4PM
  • Able to read, write, and communicate in English
  • Explain assembly procedures or techniques to other workers
  • Set up and maintain a clean work environment at all times
  • Understand and follow all safety policies, codes, and procedures
  • Lead a team of 4-10 wire harness assemblers

We are looking for a responsible, highly motivated and detail oriented individual, who wants to be part of an exciting and dynamic company.
Bazzaz is on the leading edge of technology in the motorcycle aftermarket industry.

Desired Qualifications:

  • 2 years electro-mechanical assembly experience with cable and wire harnessing
  • Must be able to accurately identify components
  • Committed to quality
  • Detailed
  • Good eye / hand coordination is a must
  • Able to work in MS Outlook and Excel
  • Able to meet strict deadlines
  • Bi-lingual, English & Spanish a plus

Benefits:

  • Starting Wage is $12.00 - $16.00 per hour, based on experience.
  • After six months eligible for company Health/Dental/Vision Insurance.
  • 1 week vacation. Paid personal days. Paid Holidays.
  • Monthly bonus plan.

Applicant must successfully pass a drug screening, E-Verify, and background check in order to qualify.

Bazzaz, Inc. is an at-will, equal opportunity employer. If you believe yourself to be a good candidate and meet all requirements,
please e-mail a brief description of your qualifications and resume to Josef Buxton.

*Position descriptions and anticipated skills acquired are neither conclusive nor definite and can be expected to change throughout term of employment.

 

 


          Purchasing & Production Manager        

Production & Purchasing Manager | Full Time Position

Bazzaz, Inc. is seeking to fill a full-time position for a Purchasing & Production Manager. 

Bazzaz is a designer and manufacturer of superior-quality motorcycle & ATV electronics and dynamometers located in Chino Hills, CA. We are committed to providing customers the very best experience which we believe stems from hiring the best employees. For more information on the company please visit bazzaz.net.

Location: Chino Hills, CA

Description: Seeking an individual who will plan, organize, and control production at Bazzaz Z-Fi fuel controller factory, which produces harnesses, strain gages, and printed circuit boards. Candidate must be committed to ensuring that Bazzaz products are produced efficiently, on time, within budget and to the highest quality standard. Issues Purchase Orders for the raw materials. Candidate should be solution-driven and acutely focused on quality. Listed below are the basic duties and requirements of the position:

    • Supervises production assembly team of 12-20 persons. Subordinates perform assembly of products or sub-assemblies according to verbal or written instructions, or by following drawings or diagrams. Provides work direction and reviews work performance.
    • Responsible for light maintenance of production machinery for harnessing and SMT.
    • Production Planning and ability to apply LEAN manufacturing techniques.
    • Manages the purchasing function according to department policy and procedure. Accepts and scrutinizes vendor bids or proposals. Selects sources based upon analysis. Arranges vendor contracts, bargains for best costs, and observes quality of purchased materials. Prepares reports and required documents. Organizes activities with sales, engineering, production, or warehouse personnel.
    • Manages inventory of materials, parts, and finished product to maintain required supply. Maintains records, replenishes stock, and plans for future requirements based on orders, production schedules and forecasts. Strives to achieve JIT.
    • Quality assurance - Manages quality assurance operations for the factory. Comes up with new ideas to enforce and improve quality programs. Monitors Production Department's conformance with QA standards and procedures. Conducts quality assurance training for employees engaged in materials handling or product assembly. Suggests methods for improving product quality or design, or manufacturing processes.
    • Manages shipping & receiving staff. With an emphasis on efficiency and accuracy.
    • Provide production updates to Bazzaz Team.
    • Harness Documentation / Create BOM.
    • Assist R&D.
    • Reports to Vice President.

We are looking for a responsible, highly motivated and detail oriented individual, who wants to be part of a growing and dynamic company. This person must be a problem solver, have a get it done attitude, and enjoys working with a team. Bazzaz is on the leading edge of technology in the motorcycle aftermarket industry and this position plays a critical role in delivering the ultimate customer experience.

Desired Qualifications:

    • Minimum of a 2 year degree.
    • Minimum of 2 years of experience in production and/or purchasing for wiring harnesses and/or printed circuit board assembly.
    • Winning attitude. Must be a team player and enjoy working in a fun yet focused atmosphere.
    • Experience with MRP/ERP software.
    • Computer literate with accurate data entry skills.
    • Able to read a wiring diagram.
    • Person shall demonstrate competency when using scales and other hand tools. Individuals should exhibit strong communication and organizational skills.
    • Mechanically inclined.
    • Ability to lift 50 pounds.
    • Bilingual in Spanish and English, preferred but not required.

Benefits:

    • Starting salary is $40-50K annually, based on experience.
    • After six months eligible for company Health/Dental/Vision Insurance.
    • 1 week vacation. 6 Paid personal days. Paid Holidays.
    • Monthly bonus plan.

Applicant must successfully pass a drug screening, E-Verify, and background check in order to qualify.

Bazzaz, Inc. is an at-will, equal opportunity employer. If you believe yourself to be a good candidate and meet all requirements, please e-mail a brief description of your qualifications and resume to jbuxton@Bazzaz.net.

*Position descriptions and anticipated skills acquired are neither conclusive nor definite and can be expected to change throughout term of employment. 


          Honda Details 2018 Fit Features        
Earlier this month, Honda announced that it was updating its versatile Fit subcompact for the 2018 model year. Last week, the manufacturer released additional details.
          Delivery Driver - Winters Technical Staffing - Toronto, ON        
Job Type Contract Job ID HB1864TO17 Duration Ongoing Contract Experience 2 Year + Salary $14/hr. Job Description Our client is a manufacturer... $14 an hour
From Winters Technical Staffing - Wed, 05 Jul 2017 08:26:39 GMT - View all Toronto, ON jobs
          3 motivos         

 A Chá escolheu fazer parte do movimento que prioriza o consumo consciente, o que torna a experiência boa para quem compra e para quem vende.

 

 

Saiba o porquê dos 3 motivos apaixonantes da Chá:

 

3motivosapaixonates

 

atemporal

 ATEMPORAL - Segue a tendência universal, onde a moda não tem prazo de validade. Peças com tempo de uso muito maior e que não perdem o valor com o passar dos anos.

 

sustentabilidade

 

SUSTENTÁVEL -  Estabelece uma relação de confiança entre a marca e pequenas manufacturas, produzindo com matérias primas e processos que minimizam os danos à natureza.

 

feito no Brasil

FEITO NO BRASIL - Produção local, 100% nacional. Gerando renda e fortalecendo a economia do nosso país.  

 

 

Acreditamos nas suas escolhas e sabemos que juntos,

somos capazes de transformar o mundo para melhor.


          Texting in the 2013 Acura ILX        
Don't talk on your cell phone, and especially don't text while driving.

Wherever you go, the warning is out there. You may have sense and have stopped doing it, but you look to your left - or your right - and inevitably, someone out there is still driving dangerously.

To alive the problem, car manufacturers, such as Acura, have come up with Bluetooth hands-free systems that allow you to talk to someone without letting go of the steering wheel. But what about texting? You need to get back to someone, but you know the second you start looking down at your phone, you increase the likelihood of getting into a serious accident. Because of this, Acura has come up with an integrated SMS text message function, found on the new 2013 ILX.

If a text comes in while driving, the system will notify the driver, and will read it to them if they prefer. After the message is read, the driver will have the option of sending a pre-prepared response back, such as 'Talk to you later, I'm driving' or 'I'm on my way'. While it doesn't allow the driver to get too detailed in any responses, it does increase their safety, and those around.

To check out the new 2013 Acura ILX, stop by your local Acura dealer at Muller Acura of Merrillville. For quality and professional service, please call to set up an appointment.
          Wake Forest Baptist Institute Leads Effort to Advance Manufacturing of Regenerative Medicine Therapies        
Wake Forest Baptist Institute Leads Effort to Advance Manufacturing of Regenerative Medicine Therapies WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. – March 31, 2017 – The Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) is leading a five-year, $20 million effort to apply advanced manufacturing to rege
          Fix your Xperia X10        
Many reviewers test a product over a period of 1 week and feel they can adequately give someone advice on whether or not to buy a certain product. I’ve lived with the Xperia X10 for almost a year now so my review is very personal and will touch on all the –ve’s and positives for the phone.

Camera

The camera on the phone is great and it was one of the key buying points when I got the phone. I have however realised that I don’t use the camera nearly as often as I thought I would. The camera is good compared to other phones, but no where near as good as a good 5 megapixel camera – such as Canon IXUS range.

The dedicated camera button can take 4-10 seconds to launch camera app – that is annoying. I have not found a fix for that yet.

TimeScape and MediaScape

Those 2 apps were another reason I bought the phone. They were great for about 2-3 weeks, after which I wanted toknow how to get rid of them. The problem with those 2 apps is that you can get many apps on the market that can do a better job. For example, I don’t use MediaScape for music or video – instead I use PowerAmp and RockPlayer. Not X10 users I know use MediaScape. As for TimeScape – I used it for 1 week and never touched it again. It’s a shame that these are the 2 apps that hold back quick Android updates on the X10 – one has to wonder just how important they are to Sony Ericsson (yes no user would mind if you got rid of them)?

Perhaps Sony Ericsson would do well to offer a customised version of X10 and a non customised version. If there was ever a phone that could have toppled the iPhone it was this phone. Sony Ericsson needs to be very careful not to fall in the Microsoft trap – for 10 years Microsoft thought it had the formula for Smartphones figured out. Users view their Smartphones like Computers. When a new OS comes out – give me the ability to update. If Sony Ericsson employees have computers, they will understand how important it is to be able to remove manufacturer add-ons – like MediaScape and TimeScape. Instead of wasting money on MediaScape why not just buy PowerAmp????

On the Move Music Player Test

You cannot select music using MediaScape if you’re walking. IMPOSSIBLE! The buttons are too small and the swipe bar at the bottom is just too thin. iPhone music player buttons are bigger and easy to select music as you walk. Blackberry Bold is also easy, albeit not touch screen. Sony Ericsson – maybe it’s time you fired you UX team! Seriously, pick uo one of the phones and walk at a moderate pace and try and select Album – Scroll to one in the middle of the list – select a song in the middle of the album! IMPOSSIBLE! Yet, this is an afterthought for iPhone or people who download a 3rd party app!


Fixing Headset Volume on Xperia X10

A quick look around on any train ride and ½ the people have headphones on. Music player functionality just has to be spot-on in this day and age where the iPod/iPhone set the benchmark over 3-4 years ago.

The headset volume of Xperia X10 running Android 1.6 is just terrible. Many of you will say that the X10 is now on Android 2.1 Éclair. Great – so I retested and decided that the 2.1 results would be the best and most up to date. I compared it to 2 of my old phones – the iPhone 3G the Blackberry Bold (9000) and my wife’s iPhone 4. I conducted the test with a pair of in-ear JVC-FXC80 headphones and over-ear AKG 701. The X10 volume is still terrible. It is about ½ as loud as the iPhone 3G. The Blackberry Bold is very loud and clear – the iPhone 4 has no reception but sounds great all the same.

I downloaded PowerAmp and tried to boost the volume that way. DISTORTION! That’s right, when it’s loud the music is simply too distorted. This is obviously not the fix for the volume. PowerAmp is a great music player, but it is definitely not going to sort out your music playing experience on the X10.

I did a quick search using Google and there were suggestions that the Nordic ROM would fix the headphone problem. So at last after almost 10 months I decided to download a custom ROM and root my phone whilst I was at it.

So I went here - http://forum.xda-developers.com/showthread.php?t=835308 and downloaded the custom ROM, loaded it on the X10 and fired up the music player.

FIXED!

Yes, the music is now louder. Shame on you Sony Ericsson!

Saving Battery

Here is the best tip anyone can give you. Download a plain black background and use it as your wallpaper. Turn down your screen brightness (contrast is better with the black wall paper) and there you have it. 20-30% better battery!

Keyboard

Does anyone actually use the Default X10 keyboard? I use SwiftKey.

Making Phone calls

The buttons are now bigger and pressing the call button does not tale you to another menu item like in 1.6 but makes the call! Good job. I think the calling functionality is good. Just make the letters a little bigger on the contacts menu.

Hindsight

In hindsight I probably should have gone for the Google Nexus One. The fact that it receives updates before any other phone is justification enough. I have lived on Android 1.6 for almost 12 months and my contract ends in 6 months time. Logic would suggest – once bitten twice shy. The other reason is the volume on the Nexus One. I could play my music properly.

My next phone will run be an HTC or Vanilla Android. I’m not interested in silly customisations that delay software upgrades – HTC somehow has their upgrades figured out.

In 6 months time I’ll upgrade to a phone with better than 640 x 960 resolution. If Samsung can get AMOLED screens to 640 X 960 then they have a winner. But it would be silly to play catch up with the iPhone. I would suggest 640 X 1024.
          Guide for Picking The Best Android Phone for You        
Sony Xperia X10 vs Nexus One vs Motorola Droid vs Acer Liquid vs Archos


Xperia X10


Nexus One


Motorola Droid


Acer Liquid



(Updated: 21st Jan 2010) The Android handset landscape has changed drastically over the past year, from a literal handful of options to – the fingers on both your hands, the toes on both your feet and all the mistresses Tiger Woods has had in the past 24 hours (OK, maybe 4 hours). You get the point though, there are quite a few options and through the course of 2010 these options will only increase.


The only other mainstream handset smartphone option that rivals the Android handset options available in 2010 will be the Windows mobile platform – and we're all rushing for it – not!


So what are the handsets to consider in 2010? The ones currently released on the market that we will look at are the Acer Liquid and Motorola Droid and an additional three to be released early 2010, the Sony Xperia X10, Google Nexus One (Passion, HTC Bravo) and Archos Phone Tablet – though we only have a handful of details on the phone.



Archos Phone


We will look at hardware and software sub-categories, and compare the phones based based on the information we have.


HARDWARE


Processor


The Nexus One and Sony Xperia X10 have the snappier Qualcomm Snapdragon 1Ghz processor onboard. The Acer Liquid has a downclocked version of the Snapdragon running at 728Mhz – perhaps to conserve battery. This would probably put the Acer Liquids performance more on par with the Motorola Droids. The Archos Phone promises to be a really fast phone with an upgraded ARM Cortex processor running at 1Ghz and also with improved GPU over Droid and iPhone.


Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD 8250, 1.0 GHz

Texas Instruments OMAP 3430 550 Mhz

Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD 8250, 1.0 GHz

Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD 8250, 768 MHz

ARM Cortex 1Ghz


Graphics


The Snapdragon's Adreno 200 Graphics core is phenomenal on the triangle render benchmark, coming in with a score of approximately 22 million triangles per/sec compared to approximately 7 million triangles/sec on the Motorola's SGX530. This is an important element for 3D graphics. Interestingly, the iPhone 3GS has a similar CPU to Motorola Droid but an upgraded faster SGX535 GPU which is capable of 28 million triangles/sec and 400 M Pixels/sec. Archos may get better SGX GPU.


Xperia X-10 Graphics Demo


Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Adreno 200 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

PowerVR SGX530 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

Adreno 200 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

Adreno 200 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

PowerVR SGX540?

22 M Triangles/sec

7 M Triangles/sec

22 M Triangles/sec

22 M Triangles/sec

35 M Triangles/sec

133 M Pixels/sec

250 M Pixels/sec

133 M Pixels/sec

133 M Pixels/sec

1000 M Pixels/sec

HD Decode (720p)

HD Decode (720p)

HD Decode (720p)

HD Decode (720p)



3-D Graphics Benchmark









Motorola Droid 20.7 FPS (Android 2.0).

Nexus One 27.6 FPS. (Android 2.1)

Acer Liquid 34 FPS. (Android 1.6)

Xperia X10 34FPS+ est. (Android 1.6)



Note: All phones tested running WVGA resolution 480 x 800 or 480 X 854. Different versions of Android will be a factor e.g. Android 2.0 + reproduces 16 million colors vs 56K for 1.6. Older phones such as G1, iPhone 3GS may score 25-30 FPS but they use lower 480 X 320 resolution.



Memory/Storage


The Nexus One comes in with an impeccable 512MB of RAM. This provides an element of future proofing for the hardware and puts it in a league of its own. The Xperia X10 comes with 1GB of ROM and 384 MB of RAM. The 1GB means you'll be able to have twice as many apps on your phone until Google lets you save on your removable memory. The Acer Liquid and Droid are more or less the same.




Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

RAM

512 MB

256 MB

384 MB

256 MB


Flash

512 MB

512 MB

1024 MB

512 MB



Display


The Nexus One uses an AMOLED screen which provides crispy images and more saturated colors than a TFT-LCD. It's also more energy efficient. Xperia X10 packs a 4.0 inch TFT screen with 854 x 480 resolution. Expect similar picture quality to the Motorola Droid for the Sony Ericson phone. The Archos Phone promises to deliver an interesting experience that could potentially make it the King of Androids.



Spot the difference: Top TFT-LCD screen and bottom OLED



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

800 x 480 px, 3.7 in (94 mm), WVGA,

AMOLED

854 x 480 px, 3.7 in (94 mm), WVGA,

TFT-LCD

854 x 480 px, 4.0 in (102 mm), WVGA,

TFT-LCD

800 x 480 px, 3.5 in (89 mm), WVGA,

TFT-LCD

854x 480px, 4.3 in (109mm), WVGA, AMOLED



Display Input


All standard stuff here. All are pretty much Capacitative with multi-Touch depending on the continent you buy your phone from.



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Capacitative, Multi-Touch

Capacitative, Multi-Touch

Capacitative, Multi-Touch

Capacitative, Multi-Touch

Capacitative, Multi-Touch



Battery


The Xperia X10 has the largest battery – and might I add likely the best quality battery from the lot. It's the same battery used in the Xperia X1 and it performed admirable. Talk time for the Nexus One is very good and we expect the Xperia X10 to match this or be marginally better. Of concern is Nexus Ones 3G stand-by time of 250 hours. It's worse than the other phones but not bad at a little over 10 days! Updated 21st Jan 2010 - confirmed Xperia battery times. Xperia more or less performs at the same level as the other Android phones, delivering 5 hours talk time.


Sony 1500 mAh Battery




Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

mAh

1400 Li-Po

1400 Li-Po

1500 Li-Po

1350 Li-Po


Talk/Standby 3G

hrs/hrs

7/250

5/380

5/300

5/400




Communication


The phones are all capable of 3.5G (HSDPA 7.2 Mbit/s) data transfer. The Motorola Droid and Sony Xperia X10 can give you a little bit extra supporting 10.2 Mbit/s data transfer. Obviously the network must exist to support these speeds. Motorola is the only one with Class 12 EDGE, but this is not too important in this day and age of 3G.




Nexus One, Bravo

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

HSDPA (Mbit/s)

7.2 (1700 band)

10.2

10.2

7.2


HSUPA

2.0 - 5.76

2.0-5.76

2.0-5.76

2.0-5.76


GSM

(850, 900,1800,1900)

Y

Y

Y

Y


EDGE

Class 10

Class 12

Class 10

Class 10


UMTS band 1/4/8

(2100/AWS/900)

Y

Y

Y

Y


GPS

Y

Y

Y

Y


Network

3-3.5G

3-3.5G

3-3.5G

3-3.5G




Connectivity:Bluetooth/Wifi


Nexus One is the only Android phone that currently offers 802.11n connectivity. In fact, I can't think of any other phone out there that also has 802.11n. This might be the Google Talk phone we all thought was heading our way after all! All phones have either bluetooth 2.0 or 2.1. These will essentially be the same as far as data transfer (3 Mbit/s) is concerned. Version 2.1 offers better power efficiency though and a few other enhancements.


Nexus One - Broadcom 802.11n



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Bluetooth

2.1 + EDR

2.1 + EDR

2.1 + EDR

2.0 + EDR

Y

802.11 b

Y

Y

Y

N

Y

802.11 g

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

802.11 n

Y

N

N

N

Y


Ports/Connectors/Sensors


The 2GB shipped micro-SD card with the Acer Liquid is unrealistic by todays standards. The Motorola Droid offers the best deal with a 16GB micro-SD. The Sony Xperia X10 is shipped with an 8GB micro-SD card, but remember the Xperia X10 also has that slightly bigger 1GB flash memory on-board as well for and impressive total of 9GB expandable to a total of 33GB. Google decided to save on costs by only offering a 4GB micro-SD card with the Nexus One, but if the idea is to compete against the iPhone then 8GB should be the minimum. Clearly the Motorola is on the right track with 16GB shipped, and you can't ignore the impressive 1GB ROM on the Xperia X10.


SanDisk working on 128GB Micro-SD




Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Sim Card

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

3.5 mm jack

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Micro USB

Y

Y

Y

Y


Shipped Micro SD/Supported (GB)

4/32

Class 2

16/32

Class 6

8/32

Unknown

2/32

Class 2


Unknown

Light Sensor

Y

Y

Y

Y


Proximity Sensor

Y

Y

Y

Y


Compass

Y

Y

Y

Y


Accelerometer

Y

Y

Y

Y


Cell/Wifi Positioning

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y



Case Material


The Motorola metal case is the sturdiest. Build quality for the Nexus One and Xperia X10 is very good. The Xperia X10 has a refelective plastic whilst the Nexus one is more industrial with teflon and metal on the bottom. Acer Liquid has average build quality, but that was always the intention with the Liquid in order to keep manufacturing costs low.



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Rubber/Plastic

Metal

Plastic

Plastic



Keyboard


If you want a physical keyboard then the Droid is your only choice in the list. The keys on the Droid keyboard are basically flush so you don't get the comfortable key separation feel on a Blackberry keyboard. The others (Droid as well) have virtual keyboards which work in portrait or landscape mode.



Droid Slide-out keyboard



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Virtual

Physical

Virtual

Virtual

Virtual


Camera


The Xperia X10 is one of the best camera phones. Sony used it's camera know how for their new smartphone lineup and it will be hard to match-up against Sony unless the other guys partner up with someone like Canon. The X10 comes with an 8.1 mp camera with X 16 digital zoom. The software has also been changed from standard Android to include typical camera options. Also included are a four face detection feature that recognizes faces in a photo and appropriately tags/files the photo. Motorola Droid comes in with a 5 mp camera with X4 digital zoom compared to the 5mp and x2 digital zoom on the Nexus One.



Xperia X10 sample photo

***Additional Photos***



Motorola Droid sample photo



Nexus One sample photo



Acer Liquid sample photo




Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Megapixel

5

5

8.1

5


Zoom

X 2

X 4

x16

1


Flash

Y

Y (dual)

Y

Y



Video


Video wise, the Nexus One, Motorola Droid and Xperia will perform roughly the same.














Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Video Res.

720x480

720x480

800x480

320x240


Flash

Y

Y

Y

N




Size/Height/Weight



Lightest and thinest is the Nexus one. Motorola is weighed down by the metal used. They all are roughly the same size as the iPhone 3Gs which comes in at 115.5 x 62.1 x 12.3 mm and weighs 135g.



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Height (mm)

119

115.8

119

115


Width (mm)

59.8

60

63

62.5


Depth (mm)

11.5

13.7

13

12.5

10

Weight (g)

130

169

135

135




SOFTWARE


OS Level


Nexus One has the most current OS level at 2.1. Motorola Droid is expected to upgrade soon as well as the Acer Liquid. The heavily customized Xperia X10 will be more of a challenge to upgrade to 2.1 because of the heavy customization.



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

2.1

2

1.6

1.6




Customization


Xperia X10 shines as far as demonstrating how customizable Android really is. The other 3 phones have very few changes to the standard Android OS.


Sony TimeScape/MediaScape



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

None

None

Rachael UI

Acer UI 3.0



Application Market


We are likely to see more App market emerge. Sony currently leads the way and Motorola and HTC (Nexus One) will follow suit as well.



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Android Market

Android Market

PlayNow, Android Market

Android Market



Media


Mediascape is an ambitious effort to add decent media functionality to Android. Sony succeeds and also introduces a fun way to organize your media. Acer has Spinlet which is not as complex as Mediascape.



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Android

Android

MediaScape

Spinlet



Social Networking


Sony again leds the customization way with Timescape. This is another good job by Sony to add extra functionality to Android. Timescape helps manage your contacts better and brings social networking and contacts onto one application.



Nexus One

Motorola Droid

Sony Xperia X10

Acer Liquid

Archos Phone

Android

Android

TimeScape

Android





          Google vs. Apple        


The Android vs. iPhone battle is a fight reincarnated that we witnessed decades ago. It's a battle Apple once lost.

Google therefore decided to steal a page from a small startup called Microsoft and and their Windows OS. Google is doing this by offering Android on multiple hardware platforms compared to Apple that is doing what it has always done since the early 80's back - proprietary. Why won't Apple learn - well - because they still make money.

The advantage Google has over Apple, much like in the PC world, is they have companies that make cheap handsets and sell them - cheap. This obviously reduces Googles risk since they don't need to sell any hardware. This is analogous to the relationship between Dell, HP etc and Microsoft (back then Linux was not available). These companies put Android OS on their hardware because it's cheap (FREE) and thus increases Google market share.

Then you get the higher-end phones - with some surpassing the Apple hardware. Apple can't match the might of a collective market - Sony, Acer, Dell, HTC, Motorola, Samsung, LG, etc.

Apple will be bigger (turnover) than any single one of the hardware manufacturers. But combined they will account for more than 50%+ of handsets on the market in 2-3 years time.

Just like Microsoft, Google will have the leading OS for handsets. If hardware manufacturers just come up with a way to upgrade hardware - eg RAM, SD cards (doable)!, CPU, Battery (doable)! then it's the Microsoft+PC vs Apple+MAC battle. We all know Microsoft won that battle.

Let's not forget the direction Google hinted it wants to take for the payment system of Market Place - all Apps bought, will be charged through Carrier. It couldn't be any easier!


LOOKOUT FOR THIS PHONE:



I think the Sony Xperia X10 is the Android phone to beat. It's iPhone competitor will be the 4G. The Sony Rachael UI (UX) is very impressive. The downside is the phone runs Android 1.6 which only support 65K colors, unlike Android 2.x wich support 16 million colors. The UI is tightly woven into android 1.6, could this be a problem when it comes to updating the OS?

HARDWARE

Camera:
1) 8MP with 16x digital zoom
2) Face recognition (automatically recognizes upto 5 faces in a Photo)
3) Smile Detection (Takes picture when you smile)
4) + all the usual stuff like video call, geo-tagging, camera/video flash etc.

CPU:
1 Ghz Snapdragon

Memory:
1 GB internal memory - 384MB RAM

Display:
4.1 Inch Capacitative (480 x 854 - WVGA)

Communication:
HSDPA and HSUPA

SOFTWARE

1) Sony PlayNow - Music/Video/Game/Applications downloads
2) Sony TimeScape - Social Networking/Communication



3) Sony MediaScape - Media Player



4) Sony PS3 Remote Play (In development)

KILLER APPLICATIONS

1) Layer



2) Speed Forge 3D



ACCESSORIES

100+ Sony Accessories

OTHER ANDROID PHONES

HTC Bravo, Nexus One, Motorola Shadow (Rumoured) - AMOLED Touch screen, multi-mics, 5MP camera, 720p Video recording, HDMI port, 802.11 b/g/n

Nexus One:


APPLE

iPhone 4G (June 2010) - 5MP, AMOLED, Video Calling, 802.11 b/g/n

Concept 4G:

          Rolex Submariner Mens Watch – Never Worn        
With Manufacturer Serial Numbers – Black Dial – Black Ceramic Bezel – Self Winding Automatic Movement – Guaranteed Authentic – Certificate of Authenticity – Polished with Brushed Steel Case & Oyster See this Beautiful Rolex and more just like it
          US drought and crop losses will raise the price of altar breads        
Being from the upper midwest, I have seen the devastation of the crops this year.  In many places there are total losses. From CNA: Greenville, R.I., Aug 26, 2012 / 01:09 pm (CNA).- Manufacturers of altar bread are preparing to … Continue reading
          CD-i 180 disc playing        
After a few hours of tweaking I’ve gotten CD-i 180 disc playing working in CD-i Emulator. Most of the time was spent on basic disassembly of the driver, which is very similar to the CD-i 605 version (but missing some features such as multi-session support and seek delay). Not very surprising as both players use the same CDIC chip, although they are supposedly different versions.

The problems were really quite trivial but there are of course complications...

The first problem turned out to be a memory map issue. On all CD-i players that I’ve encountered so far, a memory map chunk size of 128 KB works fine because memory from different devices (whether general purpose RAM or device-specific memory such as NVRAM and CDIC local memory) never lives inside the same 128 KB chunk of address space. On the CD-i 180 this is not true, as can be seen from the following fragment of maximmc.brd:
$00300000   cdic.dev     level=4
$00310000 nvr.dev
My code silently overwrote the CDIC mapping with the NVR mapping which meant that any access to CDIC local memory terminated in a bus error. Needless to say, this was not conducive to disc playback. Simply lowering the memory map chunk size to 64 KB fixed this problem.

Next it turned out that during initialization the cdap18x driver wants to do some kind of data transfer to address $320001, possibly DSP parameters or something, and there was no device there yet. This was easily fixed also.

At this point the disc play got started but the interrupt routine ignored all interrupts. After inspecting the driver it turned out that the CD-i 180 expects an additional status bit to be set in the DBUF register that was never used on other CD-i players with a CDIC. Still easy to fix.

Now the interrupt routine started trying to process the sector but it got bus errors in two places. It attempted to read the FILE selection register, which other CD-i players never did, and it took the buffer index bits (these specify the DMA buffer the hardware used from the sector) from a previously unimplemented register that I’ve dubbed DSEL for now. Easy fixes galore...

After this one sector got properly transferred to memory but an unending stream of interrupts hung up the player. It turns out that the CD-i 180 ROMs don’t read the CDIC XBUF register that CD-i Emulator used to clear the interrupt. Generating and clearing the interrupt from the DBUF register fixed that also, and now the disc actually started playing!

Of course I did some tests next and there are currently three known problems:

- Reads of the disc table-of-contents (TOC) take ages, probably because the ROMs are checking for or waiting on some flag or data byte that CD-i Emulator currently doesn’t provide. This should not be very hard to fix.

- Audio playback from memory doesn’t work, the symptoms are very similar to those of the audio sync issues that occurred during the MESS collaboration in 2009. This may be a hard problem to crack.

- And finally the most hairy issue: the CDIC emulation modifications break other players. The breakage is often subtle but very definitely there so I will have to do some careful juggling to get it working on all players, if necessary by explicit version checking but I hope to avoid that. The hardware should not be that dissimilar, really...

On the serial port and pointing device front, I’ve found someone who has a surplus serial port interface and an infrared remote. He also has a complete CD-i 180 set (including the CDI 182 unit) and I’m looking forward to extracting the ROMs from that one also.

He also took apart his mouse and it seems to be a fairly standard Amiga design which means that it should not be very hard to manufacture a replacement.

I’ve been looking into making a small PIC-based interface for PS2 and/or CD-i peripherals and it may still come to that but it seems to be not as necessary as I thought.
          CD-i 180 adventures        
Over the last week I have been playing with the CD-i 180 player set. There’s lots to tell about, so this will be a series of blog posts, this being the first installment.

The CD-i 180 is the original CD-i player, manufactured jointly by Philips and Sony/Matsushita, and for a score of years it was the development and “reference” player. The newer CD-i 605 player provided a more modern development option but it did not become the “reference” player for quite some years after its introduction.

The CD-i 180 set is quite bulky, as could be expected for first-generation hardware. I have added a picture of my set to the Hardware section of the CD-i Emulator website; more fotos can be found here on the DutchAudioClassics.nl website (it’s the same player, as evidenced by the serial numbers).

The full set consists of the CDI 180 CD-i Player module, the CDI 181 Multimedia Controller or MMC module and the CDI 182 Expansion module. The modules are normally stacked on top of each other and have mechanical interlocks so they can be moved as a unit. Unfortunately, I do not have the CDI 182 Expansion module nor any user manuals; Philips brochures for the set can be found here on the ICDIA website.

Why am I interested in this dinosaur? It’s the first mass-produced CD-i player (granted, for relatively small masses), although there were presumably some earlier prototype players. As such, it contains the “original” hardware of the CD-i platform, which is interesting from both a historical and an emulation point of view.

For emulation purposes I have been trying to get hold of CD-i 180 ROMs for some years, there are several people that still have fully operational sets, but it hasn’t panned out yet. So when I saw a basic set for sale on the CD-Interactive forum I couldn’t resist the temptation. After some discussion and a little bartering with the seller I finally ordered the set about 10 days ago. Unfortunately, this set does not include a CDI 182 module or pointing device.

I had some reservations about this being a fully working set, but I figured that at least the ROM chips would probably be okay, if nothing else that would allow me to add support for this player type to CD-i Emulator.

In old hardware the mechanical parts are usually the first to fail, this being the CDI 180 CD-i Player module (which is really just a CD drive with a 44.1 kHz digital output “DO” signal). A workaround for this would be using an E1 or E2 Emulator unit; these are basically CD drive simulators that on one side read a CD-i disc image from a connected SCSI hard disk and on the other side output the 44.1 kHz digital output “DO” signal. Both the CDI 180 and E1/E2 units are controlled via a 1200 baud RS232 serial input “RS” signal.

From my CD-i developer days I have two sets of both Emulator types so I started taking these out of storage. For practical reasons I decided to use an E1 unit because it has an internal SCSI hard disk and I did not have a spare one lying around. I also dug out an old Windows 98 PC, required because the Philips/OptImage emulation software doesn’t work under Windows XP and newer, and one of my 605 players (I also have two of those). Connecting everything took me a while but I had carefully stored all the required cables as well and after installing the software I had a working configuration after an hour or so. The entire configuration made quite a bit of mechanical and fan noise; I had forgotten this about older hardware!

I had selected the 605 unit with the Gate Array AH02 board because I was having emulation problems with that board, and I proceeded to do some MPEG tests on it. It turns out the hardware allows for some things that my emulator currently does not, which means that I need to do some rethinking. Anyway, on with the 180 story.

In preparation for the arrival of the 180 set I next prepared an disc image of the “OS-9 Disc” that I created in November 1993 while working as a CD-i developer. This disc contains all the OS-9 command-line programs from Professional OS-9, some OS-9 and CD-i utilities supplied by Philips and Microware and some homegrown ones as well. With this disc you can get a fully functional command-line prompt on any CD-i player with a serial port, which is very useful while researching a CD-i player’s internals.

The Philips/Optimage emulation software requires the disc image files to include the 2-second gap before logical block zero of the CD-i track, which is not usually included in the .bin or .iso files produced by CD image tools. So I modified the CD-i File program to convert my existing os9disc.bin file by prepending the 2-second gap, in the process also adding support for scrambling and unscrambling the sector data.

Scrambling is the process of XORing all data bytes in a CD-ROM or CD-i sector with a “scramble pattern” that is designed to avoid many contiguous identical data bytes which can supposedly confuse the tracking mechanism of CD drives (or so I’ve heard). It turned out that scrambling of the image data was not required but it did allow me to verify that the CD-I File converted image of a test disc is in fact identical to the one that the Philips/Optimage mastering tools produce, except for the ECC/EDC bytes of the gap sectors which CD-I File doesn’t know how to generate (yet). Fortunately this turned out not to be a problem, I could emulate the converted image just fine.

Last Thursday the 180 set arrived and in the evening I eagerly unpacked it. Everything appeared to be in tip-top shape, although the set had evidently seen use.

First disappointment: there is no serial port on the right side of 181 module. I remembered that this was actually an option on the module and I had not even bothered to ask the seller about it! This would make ROM extraction harder, but I was not completely without hope: the front has a Mini-DIN 8 connector marked “CONTROL” and I fully expected this to be a “standard” CD-i serial port because I seemed to remember that you could connect standard CD-i pointing devices to this port, especially a mouse. The built-in UART functions of the 68070 processor chip would have to be connected up somewhere, after all.

Second disappointment: the modules require 120V power, not the 220V we have here in Holland. I did not have a voltage converter handy so after some phone discussion with a hardware-knowledgeable friend we determined that powering up was not yet a safe option. He gave me some possible options depending on the internal configuration so I proceeded to open up the CDI 181 module, of course also motivated by curiosity.

The first thing I noticed was that there were some screws missing; obviously the module had been opened before and the person doing it had been somewhat careless. The internals also seemed somewhat familiar, especially the looks of the stickers on the ROM chips and the placement of some small yellow stickers on various other chips.

Proceeding to the primary reason for opening up the module, I next checked the power supply configuration. Alas, nothing reconfigurable for 220V, it is a fully discrete unit with the transformer actually soldered to circuit board on both input and output side. There are also surprisingly many connections to the actual MMC processor board and on close inspection weird voltages like –9V and +9V are printed near the power supply outputs, apart from the expected +5V and +/–12V, so connecting a different power supply would be a major undertaking also.

After some pondering of the internals I closed up the module again and proceeded to closely inspect the back side for serial numbers, notices, etc. They seemed somewhat familiar but that isn’t weird as numbers often do. Out of pure curiosity I surfed to the DutchAudioClassics.nl website to compare serial numbers, wanting to know the place of my set in the production runs.

Surprise: the serial numbers are identical! It appears that this exact set was previously owned by the owner of that website or perhaps he got the photographs from someone else. This also explained why the internals had seemed familiar: I had actually seen them before!

I verified with the seller of the set that he doesn’t know anything about the photographs; apparently my set has had at least four owners, assuming that the website owner wasn’t the original one.

On Friday I obtained a 120V converter (they were unexpectedly cheap) and that evening I proceeded to power up the 180 set. I got a nice main menu picture immediately so I proceeded to attempt to start a CD-i disc. It did not start automatically when I inserted it, which on second thought makes perfect sense because the 181 MMC module has no way to know that you’ve just inserted a disc: this information is not communicated over 180/181 interconnections. So I would need to click on the “CD-I” button to start a disc.

To click on a screen button you need a supported pointing device, so I proceeded to connect the trusty white professional CD-i mouse that belongs with my 605 players. It doesn’t work!

There are some mechanical issues which make it doubtful that the MiniDIN connector plugs connect properly, so I tried an expansion cable that fit better. Still no dice.

The next step was trying some other CD-i pointing devices, but none of them worked. No pointing devices came with the set, and the seller had advised me thus (they were presumable lost or sold separately by some previous owner). The only remaining option seemed to be the wireless remote control sensor which supposedly uses RC5.

I tried every remote in my home, including the CD-i ones, but none of them give any reaction. After some research into the RC5 protocol this is not surprising, the 180 set probably has a distinct system address code. Not having a programmable remote handy nor a PC capable of generating infrared signals (none of my PCs have IrDA) I am again stuck!

I spent some time surfing the Internet looking for RC5 remotes and PC interfaces that can generate RC5 signals. Programmable remotes requiring a learning stage are obviously not an option so it will have to be a fully PC-programmable remote which are somewhat expensive and I’m not convinced they would work. The PC interface seems the best option for now; I found some do-it-yourself circuits and kits but it is all quite involved. I’ve also given some thought to PIC kits which could in principle also support a standard CD-i or PC mouse or even a joystick, but I haven’t pursued these options much further yet.

Next I went looking for ways to at least get the contents of the ROM chips as I had determined that these were socketed inside the MMC module and could easily be removed. There are four 27C100 chips inside the module, each of which contains 128Kb of data for a total of 512Kb which is the same as for the CD-i 605 player (ignoring expansion and full-motion video ROMs). The regular way to do this involves using a ROM reading device, but I haven’t gotten one handy that supports this chip type and neither does the hardware friend I mentioned earlier.

I do have access to an old 8 bit Z80 hobbyist-built system capable of reading and writing up to 27512 chips which are 64Kb, it is possible to extend this to at least read the 27C100 chip type. This would require adapting the socket (the 27512 is 28 pins whereas the 27C100 has 32 pins) and adding one extra address bit, if nothing else with just a spare wire. But the Z80 system is not at my house and some hardware modifications to it would be required, for which I would have to inspect the system first and dig up the circuit diagrams; all quite disappointing.

While researching the chip pinouts I suddenly had an idea: what if I used the CD-i 605 Expansion board which also has ROM sockets? This seemed an option but with two kids running around I did not want to open up the set. That evening however I took the board out of the 605 (this is easily done as both player and board were designed for it) and found that this Expansion board contains two 27C020 chips, each containing 256Kb of data. These are also 32 pins but the pinouts are a little different, so a socket adapter would also be needed. I checked the 605 technical manual and it did not mention anything about configurable ROM chip types (it did mention configurable RAM chip types, though) so an adapter seemed the way to go. I collected some spare 40 pin sockets from storage (boy have I got much of that) and proceeded to open up the 180 set and take out the ROM chips.

When determining the mechanical fit of the two sockets for the adapter I noticed three jumpers adjacent to the ROM sockets of the expansion board and I wondered… Tracing of the board connections indicated that these jumpers were indeed connected to exactly the ROM socket pins differing between 27C100 and 27C020, and other connections indicated it at least plausible for these jumpers to be exactly made for the purpose.

So I changed the jumpers and inserted one 180 ROM. This would avoid OS-9 inadvertently using data from the ROM because only half of each 16-bit word would be present, thus ensuring that no module headers would be detected, and in the event of disaster I would lose only a single ROM chip (not that I expected that to be very likely, but you never know).

Powering up the player worked exactly as expected, no suspicious smoke or heat generation, so the next step was software. It turns out that CD-i Link already supports downloading of ROM data from specific memory addresses and I had already determined those addresses from the 605 technical manual. So I connected the CD-i 605 null-modem cable with my USB-to-Serial adapter between CD-i player and my laptop and fired off the command line:

cdilink –p 3 –a 50000 –s 256K –u u21.rom

(U21 being the socket number of the specific ROM I chose first).

After a minute I aborted the upload and checked the result, and lo and behold the u21.rom file looked like an even-byte-only ROM dump:
00000000  4a00 000b 0000 0000 0004 8000 0000 0000 J...............
00000010 0000 0000 0000 003a 0000 705f 6d6c 2e6f .......:..p_ml.o
00000020 7406 0c20 0000 0000 0101 0101 0101 0101 t.. ............
This was hopeful, so I restarted the upload again and waited some six minutes for it to complete. Just for sure I redid the upload from address 58000 and got an identical file, thus ruling out any flakey bits or timing problems (I had already checked that the access times on the 27C100 and 27C020 chips were identical, to say 150ns).

In an attempt to speed up the procedure, I next attempted to try two ROMs at once, using ones that I thought not to be a matched even/odd set. The 605 would not boot! It later turned out that the socket numbering did not correspond to the even/odd pairing as I expected so this was probably caused by the two ROMs being exactly a matched set and OS-9 getting confused as the result. But using a single ROM it worked fine.

I proceeded to repeat the following procedure for the next three ROMs: turn off the 605, remove the expansion board, unsocket the previous ROM chip, socket the next ROM chip, reinsert the expansion board, turn on the 605 and run CD-i Link twice. It took a while, all in all just under an hour.

While these uploads were running I wrote two small programs rsplit and rjoin to manipulate the ROM files into a correct 512Kb 180 ROM image. Around 00:30 I had a final cdi180b.rom file that looked good and I ran it through cditype –mod to verify that it indeed looked like a CD-I player ROM:
  Addr     Size      Owner    Perm Type Revs  Ed #  Crc   Module name
-------- -------- ----------- ---- ---- ---- ----- ------ ------------
0000509a 192 0.0 0003 Data 8001 1 fba055 copyright
0000515a 26650 0.0 0555 Sys a000 83 090798 kernel
0000b974 344 0.0 0555 Sys 8002 22 b20da9 init
0000bacc 2848 0.0 0555 Fman a00b 35 28611f ucm
0000c5ec 5592 0.0 0555 Fman a000 17 63023d nrf
0000dbc4 2270 0.0 0555 Fman a000 35 d6a976 pipeman
0000e4a2 774 0.0 0555 Driv a001 6 81a3e9 nvdrv
0000e7a8 356 0.0 0555 Sys a01e 15 e69105 rp5c15
0000e90c 136 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 1 f25f23 tim070
0000e994 420 0.0 0555 Driv a00c 6 7b3913 tim070driv
0000eb38 172 0.0 0555 Driv a000 1 407f81 null
0000ebe4 102 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 2 cf450e pipe
0000ec4a 94 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 1 f54010 nvr
0000eca8 96 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 1 17ec68 icard
0000ed08 1934 0.0 0555 Fman a000 31 b41f17 scf
0000f496 120 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 61 dd8776 t2
0000f50e 1578 0.0 0555 Driv a020 16 d0a854 u68070
0000fb38 176 0.1 0777 5 8001 1 a519f6 csd_mmc
0000fbe8 5026 0.0 0555 Sys a000 292 e33cc5 csdinit
00010f8a 136 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 6 041e2b iic
00011012 152 0.0 0555 Driv a02c 22 e29688 ceniic
000110aa 166 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 8 c5b823 ptr
00011150 196 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 8 a0e276 cdikeys
00011214 168 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 8 439a33 ptr2
000112bc 3134 0.0 0555 Driv a016 11 faf88d periic
00011efa 4510 0.0 0555 Fman a003 96 a4d145 cdfm
00013098 15222 0.0 0555 Driv a038 28 122c79 cdap18x
00016c0e 134 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 2 35f12f cd
00016c94 134 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 2 d2ce2f ap
00016d1a 130 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 1 1586c2 vid
00016d9c 18082 10.48 0555 Trap c00a 6 5f673d cio
0001b43e 7798 1.0 0555 Trap c001 13 46c5dc math
0001d2b4 2992 0.0 0555 Data 8020 1 191a59 FONT8X8
0001de64 134 0.0 0555 Desc 8000 2 c5ed0e dd
0001deea 66564 0.0 0555 Driv a012 48 660a91 video
0002e2ee 62622 0.1 0555 Prog 8008 20 ec5459 ps
0003d78c 4272 0.0 0003 Data 8001 1 9f3982 ps_medium.font
0003e83c 800 0.0 0003 Data 8002 1 c1ac25 ps_icons.clut
00040000 2976 0.0 0003 Data 8002 1 0a3b97 ps_small.font
00040ba0 7456 0.0 0003 Data 8002 1 764338 ps_icons.clu8
000428c0 107600 0.0 0003 Data 8002 1 7b9b4e ps_panel.dyuv
0005cd10 35360 0.0 0003 Data 8001 1 2a8fcd ps_girl.dyuv
00065730 35360 0.0 0003 Data 8002 1 e1bb6a ps_mesa.dyuv
0006e150 35360 0.0 0003 Data 8002 1 8e394b ps_map.dyuv
00076b70 35360 0.0 0003 Data 8002 1 c60e5e ps_kids.dyuv

File Size Type Description
------------ ------ ------------ ------------
cdi180b.rom 512K cdi000x.rom Unknown CD-i system ROM
cdi180b.rom 512K cdi000x.mdl Unknown CD-i player
cdi180b.rom 512K unknown.brd Unknown board
Of course cditype didn’t correctly detect the ROM, player and board type, but the list of modules looks exactly like a CD-i player system ROM. It is in fact very similar to the CD-i 605 system ROM, the major differences are the presence of the icard and *iic drivers, the absence of a slave module and the different player shell (ps module with separate ps_* data modules instead of a single play module).

It being quite late already, I resocketed all the ROMs in the proper places and closed up both players, after testing that they were both fully functional (insofar as I could test the 180 set), fully intending to clean up and go to bed. As an afterthought, I took a picture of the running 180 set and posted it on the CD-Interactive forums as the definitive answer to the 50/60 Hz power question I’d asked there earlier.

The CD-i Emulator urge started itching however, so I decided to give emulation of my new ROM file a quick go, fully intending to stop at any major problems. I didn’t encounter any of those, however, until I had a running CD-i 180 player three hours later. I reported the fact on the CDinteractive forum, noting that there was no pointing device or disc access yet, and went to a well-deserved sleep. Both of these issues are major ones and those I postponed for the next day.

To get the new player type up and running inside CD-i Emulater, I started by using the CD-i 605 F1 system specification files cdi605a.mdl and minimmc.brd as templates to create the new CD-i 180 F2 system files cdi180b.mdl and maximmc.brd. Next I fired up the emulator and was rewarded with bus errors. Not unexpected and a good indicator of where the problems are. Using the debugger and disassembler I quickly determined that the problems were, as expected, the presence of the VSR instead of VSD and the replacement of the SLAVE by something else. Straightening these out took a bit of time but it was not hard work and very similar to work I had done before on other player types.

This time at least the processor and most of the hardware was known and already emulated; for the Portable CD-i board (used by the CD-i 370, DVE200 and GDI700 players) both of these were not the case as they use the 68341 so-called integrated CD-i engine which in my opinion is sorely misnamed as there is nothing CD-i about the chip, it is just the Motorola version of an 68K processor with many on-chip peripherals in remarkably similar to the Philips 68070 in basic functionality.

Saturday was spent doing household chores with ROM research in between, looking for the way to get the pointing device working. It turned out to be quite involved but at the end of the day I had it sort of flakily working in a kludgy way; I’ll report the details in a next blog post.

Sunday I spent some time fixing the flakiness and thinking a lot about fixing the kludginess; this remains to be done. I also spent time making screenshots and writing this blog post.

So to finish up, there is now a series of 180 screenshots here on the CD-i Emulator website as reported in the What's New section. A very nice player shell, actually, especially for a first generation machine.

I will report some ROM and chip finds including new hopes for replacing the missing pointing device in a next blog post.
          Uniblue DriverScanner 2015 4.0.14.2 + Key        
Uniblue DriverScanner 2015 4.0.14.2


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          Skylinknet Alarm System Starter Kit SK-150 & Plug-In Reciever Unboxing Review @Skylinkhome        
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Американская фирма «Hunter Engineering» (Хантер Инжиниринг) заслуженно занимает место мирового лидера в области производства стендов «ÑÑ…Ð¾Ð´-развал». На предприятии производится не менее половины всех стендов для регулировки углов положения колес в мире. Многие кажущиеся сегодня обыкновенными для стендов «ÑÑ…Ð¾Ð´-развала» свойства, такие как использование монитора и общей базы данных было впервые реализовано на автоинструменте Hunter. Стенд Hunter S211 (1992 год) был первым в мире прибором для регулирования развала-схождения, использовавшим Microsoft Windows в качестве операционной системы. Hunter Engineering — масштабная частная фирма, объединяющая четыре завода в районе Юга и Среднего Запада США. Президент и обладатель компании Стивен Франклин Брауэр был назначен в 2000 году послом США в Бельгии, занимал эту должность до 2004 года. Оборудование Hunter рекомендуется большим количеством производителей автомобилей и шин, а также их официальными представителями во мире. Hunter производит специальные «Ð´Ð¸Ð»ÐµÑ€ÑÐºÐ¸Ðµ» стенды для моделей Skoda, Audi, Volkswagen, Seat (VAG 1944, VAS 6232), Opel и Renault, Mercedes-Benz (HTA-MB, HTA-MB-R), BMW (KDS и KDS II), Jaguar&Land Rover. Предприятие Hunter Engineering — общепризнанный лидер в области производства оборудования для обслуживания и ремонта автомобилей. Ли Хантер первым применил способ быстрой зарядки аккумуляторных батарей, когда все утверждали что это нереально. Он продолжил поступательное развитие успешной компании, которая претворяла в жизнь остальные его идеи, которые вскоре сделали революцию в сфере оборудования для автомобильных колес. В настоящее время фирма Hunter Engineering изготавливает и продает широкий ассортимент автосервисного оборудования для всего мира. Среди продуктов Hunter − стенды проверки подвески, компьютеризированные стенды «ÑÑ…од-развал», расточки тормозных дисков, компьютеризированные балансировки колес, шиномонтажные станки (стенды), автоподъемники. Hunter Engineering Company обязана своим основанием разряженной АКБ. Ли Хантер младший, 23-летний студент архитектурного колледжа в Сент-Луисе, мучился с постоянно подводившим его аккумулятором его Паккарда. В 1936 году требовалось несколько дней для зарядки аккумуляторной батареи. Хантер стал искать метод более оперативного решения подобных проблем. При помощи бывшего профессора электротехники Университета Вашингтона в Сент-Луисе, он занялся опытами и вскоре это дало плоды. Его зарядное устройство для быстрой зарядки было основано на принципе дивертерного генератора. Началось массовое производство нового прибора. Во времена Великой Депрессии, Lee Hunter, Jr., Manufacturing Co. сбывала установку Kwikurent так быстро, как только успевала ее изготавливать. Отслужив в Армии США в годы Второй Мировой Войны, Хантер прибыл обратно в Сент-Луис в 1946 году. Он возобновил бизнес, на этот раз под эмблемой Hunter Engineering. Фирма начала выпускать новое детище Хантера — установку для балансировки колес автомашин. Одновременно Хантер приступил к созданию сети продаж, впоследствии ставшей крупнейшей в сфере продаж и сервиса в США. Ли Хантер заложил хорошую базу для начала продаж автоинструмента Hunter Engineering во всем мире. 1955 год стал годом изобретения Хантером нового стенда регулировки развала-схождения «Lite-A-Line», ставшего новой основой отрасли. Этот стенд стал первым упрощенным лучевым прибором для регулировки углов установки колес. Датчики, которые крепились на колеса, позволяли анализировать прохождение лучей света для получения правильного расположения колес. Инновации в области автомобильной промышленности сделали компанию Хантера лидером отрасли в 1960-е годы. В 1962 году «Tune-Align» стал первым оптомеханическим стендом с применением компенсации биения колес, важнейшего фактора точности измерений. Хантер продолжил увеличивать объемы экспорта, и в 1964 годы получил от Департамента Торговли США награду за развитие экспортного направления. Когда старый завод на Лейдью Роад стал мал, фирма Hunter в 1964 году переместилась в новый комплекс площадью 9,3 га возле международного аэропорта Сент-Луиса, где было производство, офис и учебный центр. Очередной ступенью развития Hunter стал в 1969 г. “F60 Compute-A-Line”, первый надежный компьютеризированный динамический стенд регулировки «Ñ€Ð°Ð·Ð²Ð°Ð» схождения». В 1973 г. открыт учебный центр в Бриджтоне, рядом с основным офисом Hunter, с 18ю полностью оборудованными постами общей площадью почти 4000 квадратных метров. Этот центр быстро стал ведущим в отрасли. В 70-е Хантер выпускал все более совершенные стенды. “ Electron-A-Line”, представленный в 1974 году, использовал электронные датчики, а информация обрабатывалась компьютером. Через 3 года стенд S7 Electron-A-Line применил технологию регулировки четырех колес, удовлетворяя спрос на обслуживание набирающих популярность машин с независимой задней и передней подвеской. В 1981 году Стивен Брауер назначен главой компании, это была первая смена руководства после основания предприятия. Брауер работал на фирму с 1971 года, и был назначен на должность вице-президента в 1978 году. Именно ему суждено вести компанию во времена ускоренного расширения и создания новых технологий. В последующие 10 лет предприятие увеличилось в 5 раз, расширяя экспортные и внутренние отделы продаж, и приобрело крупнейший коллектив разработчиков. “Hunter A111” выпущен в 1982 году. Он стал прототипом новейших компьютерных стендов «Ñ€Ð°Ð·Ð²Ð°Ð»-схождения». Основной инноваций стало первое использование ЭЛТ-монитора и встроенная база данных спецификаций. Через 3 года стенд “Hunter C111” уже производился с более производительным процессором и был оснащен системой подсказок для начинающих. Стенд “Hunter D111”, (1986 г.) уже снабжен цветным дисплеем. Линейка стендов “111” продолжилась с выпуском 311 стенда и далее модифицированного 511 стенда (2002 г.). Компьютер уже имел процессор Motorola, обеспечивает полноцветную графику при очень приемлемой цене. В 1992 году стенд компании Hunter уже оснащен операционной системой Windows. Программа Winalign автоматизировала многие этапы регулировки, ранее производившиеся вручную. Она демонстрировала фотографии подвески и видеоролики, автоматически вычисляла все необходимые параметры для ровного положения рулевого колеса, корректировочные размеры шайб и втулок и даже рекомендовала инструмент для регулировки. Программа Winalign получила множество призов в США. Через полвека после создания Hunter Engineering, Ли Хантер введен в Автомобильный Зал Славы, находящийся в Деарборне рядом с Детройтом. Имя его красуется рядом с именами Генри Форда, Луи Шевроле, Вальтера Крайслера, Сокиро Хонды. Надпись гласит, что Хантер «Ð²Ð½ÐµÑ огромный вклад в развитие автомобиля и автомобильной промышленности». В 1993 году фирма Hunter изобрела беспроводную передачу данных от датчиков «Ñ€Ð°Ð·Ð²Ð°Ð»Ð°-схождения» и выпустила новую линейку балансировочных станков на процессорах Hunter DSP. Очередное новшество Hunter внедрил в 1997 году, когда была обнародована новая технология. Стенд GSP9700 имел устройство для вычисления вибраций, вызванных деформацией колесного диска и неоднородностью свойств резины. Это было первое и единственное устройство, измеряющее силовую неоднородность от неравномерной жесткости резины и биения диска, доступное по цене. Стенды Hunter серии 811 управляются 32-битной версией WinAlign 9.0, оснащены приводом DVD, содержат обучающее видео MPEG-2. Обновляемая в реальном времени трехмерная анимация помогает упростить процедуру регулировки. Цифровые фото и видео справочные материалы помогают обеспечить механику мгновенный доступ к необходимой информации. Возможно обновление спецификаций через Интернет. В 1998 году Hunter начал производство DSP400, первой системы измерения 3D-технологии на основе цифровых фотокамер. Новые датчики имеют надежные мишени-отражатели. Защищенная патентами технология обработки изображений позволяет с помощью видеокамер измерять положение и ориентацию колес в пространстве, быстро обеспечивая результат. Фирма “Hunter” с гордостью афиширует, что корпуса датчиков DSP300 и DSP500 изготовлены из «Ð¿ÑƒÐ»ÐµÐ½ÐµÐ¿Ñ€Ð¾Ð±Ð¸Ð²Ð°ÐµÐ¼Ð¾Ð³Ð¾» пластика, используемого в изготовлении истребителя F16. В датчиках DSP400 и DSP600 применяются четыре цифровых камеры вместо двух, устанавливаемых другими фирмами. Многие считают, что стенды развал-схождения “Hunter” являются наиболее точными, долговечными, надежными из всех стендов развал-схождения. Новейшая модель “HawkEye” (3D) является продолжения высочайших стандартов качества оборудования “Hunter”.
          Congress Should Lower Ridiculous Drug Prices by Passing CREATES Act        

Perpetually increasing prescription drug prices ravage everyday Americans. Specifically, name-brand prices outpace inflation by about 50%, largely due to government-protected market power. A beacon of hope for reducing drug prices are the generic and biosimilar drug industries, which produces existing brand drugs and biologics drugs through distinctly cheaper methods. But big Pharma doesn’t want competition, so it does everything it can to block generic and biosimilar innovation. The CREATES Act, H.R. 2212, solves a loophole commonly abused by big pharmaceutical companies for unlawful market advantages in the emerging generics and biosimilars markets.

Existing drug companies exploit the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) requirements for FDA approval of competitive generic and biosimilar products. This is an unlawful tactic to increase market-power. Biosimilars are a type of biologic drug – drugs manufactured from living cells – that mimic both the composition and the function of an existing biologic drug but employ cheaper production processes. Tragically, established producers prevent aspiring competitors from completing ANDA.

To complete a generic or biosimilar approval process, applicants must acquire sample drugs from existing producers. This allows medical researchers to demonstrate that the functions and properties of the original brand drug and the new generic or biosimilar are, in fact, equivalent. Sadly, many brand companies refuse to provide samples to potential competitors, preventing them from gaining approval. Thus, innovative generics and biosimilars hit the market less frequently, trapping consumers with fewer options and higher prices. While this practice of abusing distribution networks is illegal, there are no enforcement mechanisms preventing it.

Remember the damnable pharmaceutical executive Martin Shkreli, who raised the price of a biologic AIDS drug Daraprim by over 5000% in one night? One of his profit-protection methods was to deny competitor applicants the samples they need to earn FDA approval. Competing with losers like Shkreli would be easy it if weren’t for this loophole. High school chemistry students reproduced Daraprim for less than $2 a pill compared to Shkreli’s $750.

A similar monopolistic scam employed by entrenched pharmaceutical companies involves exploiting shared Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) procedures. Producers of existing brand drugs are sometimes required by the FDA to establish safety protocols that protect consumers from safety risks. The FDA encourages companies to share, or streamline, their REMS procedures for maximum safety and congruency among user experiences. If a person taking biologic drug X switches to biosimilar drug X, the shared procedure is supposed to ensure that there are no major differences in how this person safely consumes the drug. In a similar fashion to denying samples, big pharma often refuses to share REMS procedures. When a REMS program has previously been required, FDA cannot approve a generic or biosimilar until a shared REMS has been negotiated or the agency has been given sufficient evidence to waive the requirement. This imposes redundant and costly burdens on biosimilar producers, and ultimately delays market entry for far less expensive but equally safe drugs.

Both of these tactics, refusal to share samples and failure to fairly negotiate shared REMS programs, establish de facto monopolies for original drug producers, but they’re easily fixed by the CREATES Act. Under the CREATES Act, generics and biosimilar manufacturers will be able to seek injunctive relief in court against companies that withhold samples or REMS information. This will improve competition with new generics and biosimilars, reducing prescription drug costs possibly as much as 40%. It will also help sustain Medicare Part D, the national deficit, and debt, by reducing government drug expenses by up to $5 billion per year.

Congress should end illegal monopolies and help Americans afford their medications by passing the CREATES Act, all without increasing the size of government.


          I, You, We Stir Fry!        

Now that I had perused five different texts for at least 5 minutes each, I chose two to look at in more depth.

The first one I investigated was Stir Fy Text. Because there were five different sections within this game. There was a lot to explore.

The first, Log, was interesting because it had a strong connection to self. It starts with five different times. Under each time is a short description, five sentences each, about what is happening to the person. These short descriptions do not reveal big details, but instead are able in invoke emotion within the reader. The writer seems to be searching for something, possibly finds it, and loses. He seems to be in a perpetual state of waiting, no matter what is happening. Running my mouse over the text, some of the original writing is preserved, and new things are added. Each time, different words seem to convey the same emotions, despair and waiting.

The second text, Spastext, starts with a description of writing. It does not matter who does the work, who gets credit for the work. It matters that extraordinary writing is done and made available to everyone. As I ran the mouse over the text and read other sections, it seemed that this ever changing paragraph really deals with individuality. While it may not matter who did that wonderful piece of writing, the writer wants credit. A part of the writer is in that work. We each, just as writers and artists, have the ability to 'create' part of our own individuality.

The third text, Blue Hyacinth, seems to deal with a woman. This woman is dealing with the pain of not meaning to the man she wants/has what he means to her. I truly did not understand this one at all. I spent a bit of time with it, but the descriptions of music recording, nightclubs, and fire alarms did not fit together for me.

The fourth text, Correspondence, was interesting because there was more than one text to change within this individual site. By clicking the icon at the bottom, I rotated through out five different 'e-mail letters' sent by different individuals. By rolling over these e-mails, the sender would change, as would the content.

The fifth text, Divine Mind Fragment Theater, was really interesting because, just like Correspondence, there were different texts to start with that could be rotated through. It was really interesting because the text started as a paragraph from a published work. There were three different paragraphs. By rolling over the text and changing it, what happened was that different parts of each paragraph were merged into the one. You could start with any of the three paragraphs you liked, but soon, you would be looking at parts of all three, merged into one.

I really like the idea of Stir Fry Text. I was able to create many different stories and paragraphs just by moving my mouse.

The second game I looked at with more depth was I, You, We. This game rotated around the word, or letter if you prefer, I. The words you and we were thrown throughout the space along with a mish mash of many other words. I spent a lot of time looking at all the different words. I actually tried to write a lot of them down:

impair, nobble, contrive, consult, drool, flake, rejuvinate, turnover, splice, employ, glimpse, bedeck, purify, suggest, sponge, reoffend, pontificate, elope, remind, adjourn, permeate, psych, squish, unfasten, bargain, vent, rumble, cripple, picket, dismantle, reunify, stomach, reject, tempt, slag, manufacture, fudge, gatecrash, waft, pilot, rationalize, benchmark, evangelize, prick, farm, reconvene, befoul, rehearse, edit, dispossess, juxtapose, evaporate, prevent, deviate, engender, reinterpret, limber, spoon, replicate, propound, outwit, backtrack, censor, spurn, expend, amuse, torpedo, rage, boot, riffle, dominate, flash, rescind, suffice, overdose, superimpose, preside, devalue, gloss, disown, gush, promote, pillage, resubmit, claw, chuck, misbehave, photocopy, paralyse, lip, seal, revert, excavate

There were a lot more words within this site than I even realized. What I liked best were the emotions that can be invoked by words. Just by looking at all of these words on the screen, I could feel many different things. Memories were brought up, feelings I have past experienced. I loved the simplicity, but intensity, of this site.

Assignment Post


          Clean Kali: All eyes now on govt        
Teaser: 
The water of East Kali is heavily polluted. It would hopefully change with the NGT taking notice of it.
The polluted Kali river. (Image source: Neer Foundation)

Rampura, situated in Bulandshahr district in western Uttar Pradesh, is one of the 1,200 villages on the banks of the 300-km long East Kali, a tributary of the Ganges. The river is named after goddess Kali who, according to the Hindu mythology, is fierce and fights evil by ingesting it.

Till the 1980s, the river was a symbol of purity. Things have changed now with the river turning into a nullah brimming with industrial effluents. “We used to drink its waters when young. Today, it's so toxic that forget drinking, I dread touching it,” says Devendra Kumar Sharma, a resident of Panwadi, a village in Meerut district. The river’s toxic water now symbolises death and not life.

Foul flows in streams

As per a study by Neer Foundation, a Meerut-based non-profit working on environmental issues, as the river is polluted, the groundwater of the area which gets replenished by the river too has turned into a receptacle for toxic waste. Unsuspecting people, however, continued to draw water through the handpumps till recent studies rang an alarm bell.

The study conducted in 2015-16 reveals that in Rampura, the groundwater recorded a total dissolved solids of 1760 mg/litre, way above the permissible standard of a maximum of 500 mg/litre for drinking purposes. Soil stratum was harmed as iron and lead contamination spread from river water to aquifers (underground reservoirs that hold groundwater) that are recharged by it.

A study by Neer Foundation reveals that the pollution load in the river is unmanageable. (Image source: Neer Foundation)

Lead is recognised as highly toxic, and damages the nervous system in humans while iron is therapeutic in low doses but lethal when present in excessive quantities.“This toxic water gets distributed and is used for drinking and irrigation purposes in rural areas. This has a severe health impact on us and our animals. The outfall of water from nullahs to the river must stop,” says Satish Kumar, a farmer from Jalalpur village in Meerut district.

The water from handpumps has shown iron concentration measuring up to 0.35 parts per million, which is enough to cause water to turn reddish brown in colour. Lead concentration too was high at  0.5 parts per million in Rampura. According to Indian standard drinking water specification 1991, the highest desirable limit of lead in drinking water is 0.05 parts per million. “The possibility of geogenic contamination i.e., naturally occurring contaminants in the water, too cannot be ruled out. The Central Ground Water Authority is studying these aspects,” says Atulesh Yadav, regional officer, Uttar Pradesh State Pollution Control Board, Meerut.

Rampura is one of the several villages of the eight districts of western Uttar Pradesh where people’s lives at one time depended on the river water for everything--from drinking to irrigation. The village that once boasted of lush green guava orchards has no original water left in its river. The prime villains in this regretful story are the ceaseless discharge of industrial wastewater and municipal sewage into the river.

“The three main cities of Meerut, Hapur and Bulandshahr through which the East Kali passes have several sugar mills, allied alcohol manufacturing distilleries, paper industries, dairies, tanneries and textile mills that discharge their effluents into the river,” says Raman Kant, director of Neer Foundation. The effluents from the sugar and paper mills are highly toxic and these two industries are enlisted among the 17 most toxic waste releasing industries by the standards provided under the Environment Protection Rules, 1986.

The pollution load in the river is unmanageable and it can barely assimilate the pollutants. Dilution with freshwater isn't a viable treatment option any longer. In most villages--right from Antawada in Muzaffarpur where the river originates, to Kannauj, its confluence with the Ganga--the water, laced with industrial toxins, is lifted from both the river and under the ground for irrigation. “Water flows from the underground caverns in the forest adjacent to our village forming a river that used to collect rainwater. Once a life-giving force, the river is dry at its origin and gets polluted by industrial effluents a few kilometers downstream,” says Bilam Singh, a farmer from Antawada. “The effect of this on our food is mostly unknown. It is possible that some of the most toxic chemicals like cancer-causing dioxins and organochlorines released by factories are present in the water that is irrigating the farms,” says Raman Kant.

Water flows from the underground caverns in the forest at the origin of the river. (Image source: Neer Foundation)

In 2001, Neer Foundation tested the water quality in government accredited laboratories which showed the presence of persistent organic pollutants or PoPs in the two samples near Saini village, downstream of Nanglamal sugar factory. PoPs are known for their impacts on human health and the environment as they are resistant to environmental degradation. “Farmers knew of the contamination but continued to irrigate from the river,” adds Raman Kant.

“It is only on the river’s downstream stretch as it crosses the city of Aligarh that its pollution level declines as freshwater is added to it from the upper Ganga canal. Besides this, industrial wastes are not added in the river’s stretch between Aligarh and Kannauj,” says Raman Kant.

The green court takes note

Many civil society groups have raised the issue of river clean-up. Come monsoon and stretches of the effluent-laden river turn red as it passes through industrial sites. An otherwise seasonal river has now turned into a perennial one, thanks to the discharge of industrial and municipal wastewater into it. For years, this has been a concern as villagers were left with no option but to drink this contaminated water. The union environment ministry had in 2012 directed the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to monitor the quality of the river water and the major wastewater outfalls. “The Uttar Pradesh State Pollution Control Board too does regular monitoring of the river waters,” says Yadav.

Yet small pockets of industries are polluting the waters of the predominantly rural catchment that is largely dependent on the untreated water from the river as well as the ground. This is leading to the spread of cancer and various other life-threatening diseases. Seeing the impasse, Raman Kant put up a public interest litigation (PIL) which was heard by the principal bench headed by Justice Swatanter Kumar, chairperson, National Green Tribunal (NGT). Neer Foundation had two demands--the Environment Protection Rules, 1986 that prescribes the standards for effluent discharge is followed and municipal authorities who are responsible for managing municipal wastes adhere to the Municipal Solid Waste Rules, 2016.

“The industries not only abstract large volumes of water during their manufacturing processes reducing dilution of pollutants present within the surface water bodies but also contaminate the river by draining their effluent wastes into it,” the PIL states.

The NGT has, in an order dated May 24, 2017, asked the Uttar Pradesh State Pollution Control Board to test the groundwater along the course of the East Kali river. The order is applicable to districts of Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Hapur, Bulandshahr, Kasganj, Aligarh, Kannauj and Farrukhabad through which the river passes. The NGT has directed the authorities to test the water immediately and seal those handpumps that supply contaminated water. The PIL also says the Kali clean-up is a prerequisite to cleaning the Ganga. The green tribunal’s order has come as a temporary respite for thousands of villagers living along the river. They are nonetheless waiting for the government to establish long-term policies to resolve the crisis. This could be in the form of a comprehensive action plan for cleaning the East Kali river.

“The Supreme Court had in 2014 transferred a public interest litigation by noted environmental activist M.C. Mehta, pending since 1985, to the green tribunal. It deals with issues of the river Ganga, especially those involving discharge of domestic sewage and other sources of pollution in the Ganga. This is the larger case which is being heard on a daily basis by the tribunal. As a result, some of the prayers of the petitioner in the case of Kali river were not heard separately,” says advocate Adarsh Srivastava, one of the applicants on behalf of the petitioner.

“We hope to get an official assessment of the water quality in the riverside villages as per the present order on the East Kali river soon. However, since we have been working on the river’s revival, we look forward to the tribunal’s orders on the Ganga pollution case. The court is likely to give directions on strict measures and penalties to prevent hazardous materials and pollutants from being dumped into the rivers,” says Abhishek Tyagi, secretary of Neer Foundation.

Without this, it is hard to tell whether the issue of pollution will be resolved in the near future.

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          Karnataka women to tackle water woes         
Teaser: 
News this week
Women on a mission to tackle water woes. (Source: IWP Flickr photos)

Women in drought-hit Karnataka takes on the task to revive lakes

In Mandya district, nearly 3000 women across 31 villages are on a mission to revive lakes, ponds and irrigation tanks to tackle the water scarcity in the region. These women have even fought the administration to give them designated work under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Through protests, these women have also forced the authorities to pay on time and let them continue with the work. Due to crop failure, the women were devoid of any work and the task of lake rejuvenation has provided them an apt solution to this as well. Also, the movement is being spread to other districts and work has already begun in Kolar district. 

Maharashtra's rivers are dirty, thanks to its industries

With more than 75,000 manufacturing units in the state, Maharashtra's rivers are the filthiest with Pune-Chinchwad region having the worst offenders. Between 2011 and 2016, the state pollution control board has issued notices to over 5,200 industries, out of which 65 percent of the factories have been served a red-category notice for heavy pollution. The reason for industries violating the norms is the lackadaisical attitude of the state pollution control board; it has issued directives to erring units but had not taken any legal action against them.  

Assam is under the grip of fluoride contamination

According to the Assam Public Health Engineering Department (PHED), the fluoride levels in water in 11 districts of the state have been found to be above the permissible limit of 1 mg/litre putting an estimated 356,000 people at risk. Also, more than a thousand children under the age of five have been crippled in fluoride contamination in Hojali district. Moreover, due to the increase of groundwater usage in the recent years, the risk of fluoride contamination has also increased in other parts of the state.  

Despite farm crisis, record national harvest predicted for Tamil Nadu

Thanks to the worst northeast monsoon in 140 years, Tamil Nadu is going through a farm crisis. Despite the situation, however, the agriculture ministry has predicted a record national harvest of foodgrain--an increase of about nine percent in the crop year 2016-17 ending June. Moreover, the state government has claimed that only 82 farmers have committed suicide since October 2016 but according to farmers' representatives, as many as 106 farmers have died in January 2017 alone due to the prevailing drought conditions. 

Maharashtra eases Karnataka's water woes

To tackle the prevailing drought in Karnataka, the Maharashtra government has released 2.65 TMC water from Koyna dam. This is the second time that the latter has released water. Karnataka is reeling under drought for the past three years and this year only 20 percent water is left in nine of its 12 dams. Also, the available live storage of water in the reservoirs has touched an all time low. 

This is a roundup of important news from May 8 - 14, 2017. Also, read the policy matters this week. 

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          $1 million in marijuana found in brand new Ford Fusions        
By Dakin Andone OHIO — Word on the street is the new Ford Fusions are dope — but not in the way you think. Authorities are looking into how marijuana worth $1 million was hidden in the trunks of brand new, Mexican-made Ford Fusions at a dealership in Ohio, according to Silverio Balzano, agent in charge of the Drug Enforcement Administration’s Youngstown office. The cars were manufactured at the Ford plant in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico, and were shipped by rail […]
          In Flux: Dornbracht        

In Flux: Dornbracht

  For the introduction of Vaia, its new series of fittings, the German premium manufacturer DORNBRACHT has joined forces with Rafael de Cárdenas and Neri & Hu to realise two extremely inspired and inspiring bathroom design environments. (text by Barbara Jahn-Rösel)   Read the full article on Architonic
          Plea for Help        
I was asked to post about this urgent call for help:
Dear Friend:

My, neighbor, Zev Wolff, a 5-year-old boy, needs your help now.

This beautiful and bright child has been battling a rare form of pediatric cancer known as Neuroblastoma since he was 3. Following nine months of intensive treatment at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Hospital (MSKH), Zev was in remission. Fourteen months later, he relapsed. Zev has had to undergo major surgery, chemotherapy and radiation; nearly a year later, Zev's scans look good.

Unfortunately, Neuroblastoma has an extremely high rate of relapse.

Zev needs another drug to stay in complete remission. His little body is fighting the drug 3F8 with which he's currently being treated. Currently, a new is being developed. The improved drug could help cure Zev and 300 other children with this disease. But the new drug needs to be manufactured, at a cost of almost five million dollars.

Researchers have developed techniques that can be used to make antibodies like 3F8 more human-like which will be more effective and better tolerated by patients. A portion of the work will be carried out at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Hospital Cancer Center, and part contracted to a small pharmaceutical company

Large pharmaceutical companies do not see the profit in healing only a few hundred children annually. We are appealing to you to leverage your influence, relationships and support to drive the humanization of 3F8 to benefit the several hundred children, like Zev, who fall victim to Neuroblastoma every year. When this antibody is better tolerated and more effective, and when it can be manufactured on a scale that is economical, the lives of more children will be saved from this deadly cancer.

Helen and Ranan Wolff, Zev’s parents are grateful to be a part of this community. Time and time again you have shown your generosity to the Wolff family. The meals, babysitting, blood donations, words of support.

Now I am asking for your generosity again.

Please, open your hearts to Zev Wolff. Zev has come so far, he's been so brave and so strong.

Please contact Dr. Asher Mansdorf at amansdorf@aol.com for more information on how you can help.
Please do anything you can to help.
          Shabbat Gadgets        
I thought this was interesting:
Observing Shabbat but have to call your grandmother? Have to have a cup of coffee when you come back from weekend services? The halachic institute for science and technology has just the thing for you.

A group of engineers at the halachic institute, which specializes in Halacha-friendly technological developments, has come up with several new technological breakthroughs designed to ease the religious public's life, while keeping with all Shabbat-related mitzvahs.

The gadgets include, among others, a Shabbat air-conditioner, a Shabbat phone and a kosher, Shabbat espresso machine.

Many of the institute's developments are already in production, both in Israel and abroad, and several have been introduced to the public at a special show arranged by the Manufacturers Association of Israel.

These devices, said the MAI, have a potential $10 million a year market."We have gadgets that are meant to make life easier, such as the coffee machine and on the other hand, we have things like the Shabbat phone, that could help people in medical need," said Dov Zioni of the halachic institute.

One of the show's biggest hits was the Shabbat pen, which uses self-dissolving ink that disappears 24 hours after writing. "We're not talking about life and death situations here, when one's need to desecrate Shabbat to save a life goes without saying," added Zioni, "but for all those little grey areas we all encounter in our day-to-day lives."

"The industry finally realized the financial potential of developing products specifically for the ultra-Orthodox public," Industry, Trade and Labor Minister Eli Yishai, who visited the show and was visibly pleased, told Ynet.

"We get to develop different technologies, create jobs and observe Shabbat. It's a win-win situation," he added.
I can't imagine that these products are going to gain much popularity in the ultra-orthodox community, as trade minister Yishai suggests in the article. I just don't see invisible ink pens or Shabbat phones making their way into Charedi homes for regular use on Shabbat and Yom Tov. That said, the gadgets would probably prove very useful in the army, or for hospital or Hatzalah use. Even though, as the article notes, using a phone or a pen isn't an issue in Pikuach Nefesh (life-saving) situations, it would be interesting to see these products in use for situations that are not clearly life-or-death. The products might also hold interest for those who are less observant, and would consider using a non-Shabbat phone or pen on Shabbat. In a case such as that, why not use one specially made to skirt the prohibitions of Shabbat?
          PLAIN PLAYING SOCK        
PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

Available in black, white, red or navy, these Canterbury plain playing socks are comfortable and durable. Manufactured to Canterbury’s usual high standards, they look great and feature the CCC logo just above the ankle.


          PLAIN PLAYING SOCK         
PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

Available in black, white, red or navy, these Canterbury plain playing socks are comfortable and durable. Manufactured to Canterbury’s usual high standards, they look great and feature the CCC logo just above the ankle.


          PLAIN PLAYING SOCK         
PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

Available in black, white, red or navy, these Canterbury plain playing socks are comfortable and durable. Manufactured to Canterbury’s usual high standards, they look great and feature the CCC logo just above the ankle.


          PLAIN PLAYING SOCK        
PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

PLAIN PLAYING SOCK

Available in black, white, red or navy, these Canterbury plain playing socks are comfortable and durable. Manufactured to Canterbury’s usual high standards, they look great and feature the CCC logo just above the ankle.


          Waimak Polo         
Waimak Polo

Waimak Polo

Manufactured from 65% polyester and 35% cotton pique and with its knit ribbed collar and button placket neck, the Waimak polo shirt is stylish and comfortable. A shirt for all occasions, it is available in white, navy, grey, black or royal  and features an embroidered CCC logo on the right chest.


          Waimak Polo        
Waimak Polo

Waimak Polo

Manufactured from 65% polyester and 35% cotton pique and with its knit ribbed collar and button placket neck, the Waimak polo shirt is stylish and comfortable. A shirt for all occasions, it is available in white, navy, grey, black or royal  and features an embroidered CCC logo on the right chest.


          Waimak Polo        
Waimak Polo

Waimak Polo

Manufactured from 65% polyester and 35% cotton pique and with its knit ribbed collar and button placket neck, the Waimak polo shirt is stylish and comfortable. A shirt for all occasions, it is available in white, navy, grey, black or royal  and features an embroidered CCC logo on the right chest.


          Waimak Polo         
Waimak Polo

Waimak Polo

Manufactured from 65% polyester and 35% cotton pique and with its knit ribbed collar and button placket neck, the Waimak polo shirt is stylish and comfortable. A shirt for all occasions, it is available in white, navy, grey, black or royal  and features an embroidered CCC logo on the right chest.


          Waimak Polo         
Waimak Polo

Waimak Polo

Manufactured from 65% polyester and 35% cotton pique and with its knit ribbed collar and button placket neck, the Waimak polo shirt is stylish and comfortable. A shirt for all occasions, it is available in white, navy, grey, black or royal  and features an embroidered CCC logo on the right chest.


          Men's Jewelry        
Men's jewelry, wristbands, necklaces, leather belts, belt buckles, accessories, embroidered hats and fashion t shirts. All designed and manufactured here in the U.S. and most of our products are Eco Friendly.
          Defining A Peaking Laminate Floor        
By Lacy Foster

When it comes to flooring, laminate is not particularly prone to failure or damage. There are, however, various ways that a laminate floor can warp, and various reasons as to why. Here, we'll take a look at the phenomenon referred to as peaking. A laminate floor that is peaking will seem to be rising, as if there is something underneath it. The effect is, honestly, sort of disturbing. Many folks will think that something is wrong with their foundation, or that water has somehow gotten underneath their laminate floor, but that's rarely the case.

The Causes Of Peaking

There are a few different reasons that your laminated floor might begin peaking. It's very important to know why this is happening before you begin trying to fix things. Don't just assume that something that caused someone else laminate floors to peak is the reason yours is. Making this kind of assumption can cause you to waste a lot of time and money.

Lack Of Expansion Space Is A Top Cause Of Peaking

Everything around us expands and shrinks, and your laminate flooring is no exception. For this reason, laminated floors should always have the appropriate amount of space at their edges, before the molding. If there is no space, the planks will instead push up against one another. Once there is enough pressure, the planks will begin to rise. Although often minor at first, if this is ignored for a long enough time, a floor can develop a hump or hill.

Peaking Can Be Caused By Fixed Moldings

Even if there is room to expand, your laminated flooring cannot take advantage of it if the moldings cannot move. This can sometimes be a nightmare to track down if the original installer was not consistent. Since laminate flooring is intended to be floating, which means not attached to either the moldings or the sub-floor, any solid point can cause an issue. Amateur installers will occasionally attach the laminate floor to molding to keep it from moving during install, or simply because they don't know any better.

The Length Of The Boards Can Cause Peaking

This is usually the least likely issue, and does not pertain to all laminate flooring manufacturers. Having one board that's too long will net you the same result as not having enough expansion room. If there is no single plank that's longer than recommended by the manufacturer, then this issue is easily avoided. However, if you didn't do the install, you may not know who the manufacturer is. For the most part, unless your issue is in a long hallway or you have an exceptionally large home with runs of longer than 40 feet, you can probably ignore this possibility. That is, however, unless you can't find any other places, in which case you might get stuck pulling planks and looking for manufacturer markings. - 29851

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          Small Business Loan Free Important Information For Small Business        
It's difficult to provide accurate small business loan information, but we have gone through the rigor of putting together as much small business loan related information as possible. Even if you are searching for other information somehow related to financing a small business, restaurant business plans, finance for a small business or business information this article should help a great deal.





Make sure that time spent on the small business partnership is dedicated to the business, and time spent together away from the small business partnership is not a forum to discuss business matters. If you're going to spend time together away from the small business partnership, really spend time away from the business.





As the name suggests small business finance is meant to provide financial help to small business houses. You can also avail small business finance if you want to start your own venture. Small business finance is basically of two types, secured small business finance and unsecured small business finance. To avail secured small business finance you will have to place one of your properties as collateral against the loan amount. This can be any of your property like car, home, bank account etc. Placing a security helps you to avail small business finance with lower interest rate and flexible repayment duration. In addition, you can have avail large amount of money by placing collateral of high equity. On the other hand, no such collateral is needed to avail unsecured business finance, but the interest rate is slightly higher in comparison to secured business finance and also the repayment duration is shorter. Small business finance can also is availed by people suffering from bad credit history.





As mentioned before small businesses due to their nature, are in most times sole proprietorships, partnerships, or privately owned. Common in May countries, small businesses, are most often related to: accountants, restaurants, guest houses, photographers, small shops, hairdressers, tradesmen, solicitors, lawyers, small-scale manufacturing etc.





Don't forget that if this article hasn't provided you with exact small business loan information, you can use any of the main search engines on the Internet, like Ask.com, to find the exact small business loan information you need.





However, it will usually be within the 50 and 100 employee range. Usually, your employees also have to be full time employees and not temporary or independent contractors. More specifically, small business health insurance plans require that your employees are not covered by other health insurance plans, and that they work at least 30 hours per week in order to qualify.





Effective small business marketing naturally comes with some challenges - and advantages. Challenges might include a lack of marketing savvy, a limited marketing budget, and time constraints, especially if you are a one person business and so on. Anyone who has run a small business should recognize the danger of spending too much time working in the business rather than on the business.





It's a well-known fact that anyone owning a business or a part of a business carries a bunch of visiting cards to be given away to people with whom there is a possibility of future contact and interaction. A business card usually carries details about the person's designation, organization that he represents office/factory address, telephone numbers and his email address.




A lot of well-meaning people searching for small business loan also searched online for new business, world financial news, and even business finance small source.
So here is chance to get your free tips on small business software and in addition to that get basic information on saving money visit small business management
          30' Pacific Yurt        
I owned a 30' Pacific Yurt a short time ago. I thought it would be a great idea, and the price was right- $10,000 including the deck. I ended up selling the Yurt due to some financial pressures, and the fact that the high winds in our area would make Yurt living fairly uncomfortable. However, I can't say enough good things about the Yurt. My wife and I took one down in a day with the person selling the yurt, and stacked it on a car trailer. Building any other structure besides a mobile home would be difficult or even tearing it down. The yurt had 7' sidewalls. I made a template of the 2x4's and center ring to build one down the road. Ideally, if the panelized yurt option was less expensive, I would have gone this route. It really seems to be the only route that would feel like a real house with real windows.

If you are thinking about getting one, make sure you like camping. That's what it feels like inside a Yurt, kind of a camping/jungle safari feeling inside one. The pricing new is about $15,000 plus the deck, which will set you back another $4-$5k. Definitely craigslist one if you can. I sold my Yurt pretty quick, but probably had over 30 phone calls that past month from others wanting to buy it w/o even looking at it. The person who purchased it was off-grid with a 120 acre parcel and a seasonal stream for water in calaveras county.

Below: the yurt completely dissasembled in my garage.



You will need to use a transit to get your deck level. In terms of yurt manufacturers, pacific yurt is great for a camping yurt. I personally love the designs over at www.greenlivingsystems.com out of Grass Valley. The 36' version they sell is panelized and can meet certain building codes - even here in the environmental nut state of California. They start at about $25k for an 18', and $50k for a 36' Yurt with about 1000 square feet. You can build one yourself for about $10k. www.smilingwoodsyurts.com also has a panelized yurt that's affordable in a kit.
          From Diamond To Swoosh: England Sever Their Umbro Ties        

We’ve been here before, of course. The news that the Football Association has decided to jettison Umbro as the manufacturers of the England national teams kit in favour of the brand that owns it, Nike, has been a long time coming and should be no great surprise to many seasoned kit-watchers. Although much has been […]

The post From Diamond To Swoosh: England Sever Their Umbro Ties appeared first on Twohundredpercent.


          Repair Or Replace Your Broken Appliance?        

Is your appliance not working as well as usual? Not working at all? Should you repair or replace it? When an appliance loses performance or stops working altogether, it can be difficult to know whether to repair or replace it. If your manufacturers warranty has expired you may be more likely to consider a replacement. […]

The post Repair Or Replace Your Broken Appliance? appeared first on Abbott Appliance.


          Payroll Specialist        
FL-Jacksonville, Swisher International, Inc. has been an industry leading cigar manufacturing company for over 150 years. Our sales mission is to provide customers and consumers with tobacco products that offer complete value and satisfaction through product offerings of the highest quality, that are competitively priced. Our strong brand heritage provides our employees with challenging and rewarding careers, alon
          The joy of treks        
Oh, how I looked forward to the week off.
Every year I take a week off from running. It's my bye week. It's a week to heal chronic aches, like that barking hamstring you've been reading about,  and that's how I justify it to myself. But really, it's as much as a break from my mind as it is my body. Probably more so.
I don't do anything halfway. Rather than just climb some of the more interesting 14,000-foot peaks in Colorado, I had to climb them all. Rather than just play Angry Birds, I have to get three stars on every level. I have never not finished a book, even when I hated it halfway through. I don't just play cards. I play poker.
I know. It sounds like bragging, doesn't it? But I'm also obsessed about goals. That's a blessing and also a curse. Because many times I forget to do something just for fun. I'm almost incapable of it.
I think it's pretty obvious now that I love running. I think anyone who reads this blog has seen it. I'll miss it terribly when I can't do it any longer. But again, it's not something I can do just for fun.
There's a whole industry built on people like me. Hell, Garmin makes a living off us. The company manufactures GPS devices that tell us, down to the second, what pace we're running and just how far we're running, too, down to the foot.

Races market themselves on courses where you have a good chance to achieve a "PR." A PR, which, by the way, is what I did in Vegas, is the serious runner's ultimate goal. It means you've improved. It means all that work is paying off. It means you've justified it!
There's also a reason races give out medals.*
*On a side note, there are certain things you just don't do, unless you want to be known as a goob, knob or, honestly, complete dork. You don't wear the race shirt to the race, and you DEFINITELY don't wear the finisher's medal the next day. I saw a couple wearing their medals around the Aria the day after the Vegas race, and they looked like complete douchebags, even the female, and it's rare when females achieve that status. It's like calling trips a "set" in poker.
Magazines like Runner's World and gurus like Hal Higdon teach us that every run should have a PURPOSE. A serious intent. A reason. You do tempo runs and speed workouts and long runs.


You don't just go out for a run when you're a serious runner. Well, that's not exactly true. But when you do, we call those "easy" runs.
That's right. Marathon plans, or plans for any race, really, have "easy" runs built into them. Fun runs, in other words, scheduled out with your 20-milers. Does anyone else see the irony in that?
Races are fun, really fun. But I always have one bought and paid for, staring me down on the calendar, to keep me motivated. I've got a half marathon signed up for late SEPTEMBER.
You're getting the idea, right? Rather than just run, I follow a plan and stick to it with the regimen of a general.
Well, usually.
The thing is, I learned something about myself when I took that week off.
Those first four days, I felt great. I slept in before work. My hamstring didn't ache when I sat at my desk. I got a lot of things done around the house. I read a book in just a few days. I took long, hot showers. I pussyfooted. I read the whole newspaper. When you stop working out, you discover your body doesn't hurt and all this extra free time. It's tempting to quit for good.
It was tempting until day five. That's when the blahs came along.
I don't have another word for it. I felt sluggish. Crappy. I didn't sleep well. I felt wound up and tired at the same time. My back started to hurt. I was edgy, even cranky. I wanted to eat a lot of bad food. I craved sugar and salt and chips. It was almost as if...yeah, almost as if I was feeling my 40 years. I felt old, dammit.
I was almost downright thrilled to be lacing up my shoes that Monday, even if it was 6:30 a.m. and I didn't get to bed until 11:15 p.m. When I went out, it was 15 degrees, and my fingers hurt from the cold, and I felt as if I had a tractor tire roped to me. I couldn't run anywhere near my normal pace, and when I did, I was panting like a unshaved sheepdog in summer.
That sucked, I thought that morning, as I tore off my clothes, in a hurry once again, to get a quick shower before work. Why do I do it? Why did I feel so badly that I needed to do it?
A couple hours later, I had my answer. The blahs were gone.
Yes, my hamstring ached a bit, and I was yawning a bit, but I also suddenly had a lot more energy. I wanted to sing at my body electric. I felt myself again.
Now before you think running comes naturally to me, like I'm some sort of gazelle or something who just needs to move, trust me, it doesn't. It took three weeks, thanks to the half marathon and that week break, before a run felt good again. Most of the time during a run I felt like shit (sorry but there's no other word for it), and sometimes I whined my sorry ass, waaa waaa waaa all the way home.
Running can be a struggle, but it gives me something that nothing else can. It gives me life in my old bones. I really DO need it.
I still wear my Garmin most of the time, and even when I don't, during those "easy" runs, I could probably tell you how fast I'm going. I'm still following a schedule in my head. I'm planning on going for a tempo run tomorrow. Most runs still have a purpose.
But not always. I'm trying to change that, and after that week off, I'm more determined than ever.
Christmas Day, I got up with the kids, early of course, which was fine, and opened presents and played with them and assembled their toys, which was great. Then I had an hour. I don't normally run Sundays. It's my scheduled day off. But I gave Kate that look, and she asked how far I was going to go.
It turned out to be five through my favorite park in Greeley. The sun was out, the air was cold and warm at the same time, and the snow crunching beneath my feet accompanied the music through my ears.
It was nice to be outside. Even more than that, it was fun.








          Weight Inward into Lightness: A Reading of Canoe Repair        
by
Flore Chevaillier
2004-08-19

“Canoe Repair” takes place at a transitional time for the main character. Zanes moves from New York City to a New Hampshire town and has to adapt to a new life and a new job, running a Laundromat, as well as to his son’s new hang-gliding activity and his wife’s new TV job. Thus, “Canoe Repair” occurs at a moment when rural and urban worlds are put in “connection and disconnection at the same time” (“Midcourse Corrections” 50). While we learn more about Zanes’ occupations, we also read a portrait of the town’s life. We discover a picture of America and its smell of “coffee richly dripping and poppy-seed-blue corn muffins” (69). We read Zanes’ discussions with “Seemyon Stitching … a spring immigrant from Byelorussia and a trained marathon runner” (62), and find out about the “president’s eight o’clock message to the nation” they listen to when “no one among the machine-users seemed to be waiting for the president’s speech” (72). The story deals with the movements of people from the town who use the Laundromat and the movements of the canoe on the lake, as well as the hang-gliding and the weather.

One might describe the events in these terms. But the story is also a reflection on time and on strange, everyday moments in one’s life. “Canoe Repair” presents a section of a man’s life, also a canoe’s, since its repair is at the center of the story’s multiple directions, its focus on space and movement. The story is a space where different tensions meet. It shows the strain between two worlds, two generations, between different experiences of time and perception, and between two voices telling the story. “Betweenness” is central in McElroy’s writing. In “Canoe Repair,” “ ‘Betweenness’ is… the crumbling edge of the interface of worlds, selves, and situations” (Saltzman 100). Betweenness is also at stake when we consider “Midcourse Corrections,” an unusual autobiographical interview/essay ended by “Canoe Repair.”

“Is a canoe too beautiful to be funny unless somebody falls out of it?” asks Joseph McElroy in “Midcourse Corrections” - “falls out, tipping it over? Put two people in it facing forward. What’s the stern paddler see? What’s the bow paddler feel? - for the stern paddler?”(42).

These questions about canoe uses are put into practice in McElroy’s short story, independent but part of the essay, as he explains. “Some of the material in ‘Midcourse Corrections’ could be said to turn into ‘Canoe Repair’… I wanted to use ‘Canoe Repair’ to fulfill ‘Midcourse Corrections,’ that peculiar interview memoir … that should turn into fiction at the end.” Personal correspondence with the author, June 16, 2001.

“Corrections” is itself an experiment in literary form that in many ways epitomizes the body of McElroy’s writing. “With its inserted interviews, its odd proportions, and its highly colored perspectives of me,” McElroy writes in a letter, “[‘Corrections’] is a hybrid fiction, I suppose. A daydream posing as a document.” (cited in Tabbi 156)

The thematic and structural research of this “hybrid fiction” turns into practical experience in “Canoe Repair.” The author’s reflections upon space, motion, and perception connect to the movement of the boat on water because the “canoe becomes an occasion to think.” Personal correspondence with the author, February 6, 2003. We can approach the story from different angles due to the openness of its particular structure linking it to the essay, of which it is also the unusual closing part. Nevertheless, it would be unfair to consider the story strictly as a conclusion to “Midcourse Corrections;” it has its own structure, dynamics, and meaning. It is a complex and intense story because of the multiple tensions we can feel in its narration.

To understand “Canoe Repair,” we have to focus on the transient aspect of Zanes’ life and its relation to tensions that appear both thematically and structurally. The text is literally at the end of the “Midcourse Corrections” but metaphorically “in between.” It connects to “Midcourse Corrections” but is autonomous. Moreover, it plays strangely with the reader’s expectations. It is organized around a double voice that disturbs the reader’s traditional way of reading. The reading, because of structural devices that put us “in between,” becomes the experience of the transition moment Zanes goes through, his shift from one world to another, his perception of the world.

Zanes’ visions can sometimes be confusing. Hence, some aspects of the story can be destabilizing to the reader. The story starts with a family scene: Zanes and his son are watching the river. A strange canoe used by a black man and a blond woman catches their attention. Zanes’ neighbor calls him afterward to fix the canoe for the blond woman’s son; the canoe captures Zanes’ attention throughout the rest of the story. Parallel to Zanes’ work on the canoe, we learn about his arguments with his son regarding the latter’s hang-gliding practice. We also get to know more about the life that goes on at the Laundromat where Zanes meets with Seemyon Stytchin and a group of young punks that disturb the community. Zanes starts a friendship with Lung, a member of this group. However, this summary contradicts the story’s original presentation of Zanes’ world because it reassembles what is purposefully fragmented in “Canoe Repair.” We only achieve this vision of the story retrospectively because it is not told linearly.

Our expectations as readers are challenged, as David Porush notes when associating the technique of “de-automatization” provoked by the unsettling language of McElroy’s novel Plus. Plus ’ main character Imp Plus is a brain detached from its body and put in orbit to communicate with earth during a scientific experiment. When relearning ways to communicate, Imp Plus uses language unusually. Therefore, the reader is forced to see words in a different way. Imp Plus presents a new use of words that questions the systems we automatically refer to when using language. In “Canoe Repair,” the challenge to our automatisms lies in the distortions that affect the structure of the story. The compact paragraphs of “Canoe Repair” are juxtaposed without transitions. When turning to a dialogue, McElroy does not use rules of quotation to let the reader know that the viewpoint is changing. Tabbi claims that for McElroy “the mental text … does not precede the work at all but exists instead in the work, where the reader might imaginatively participate in the compositional or self-creative effort that went into the life/work’s composition” (158). The activity of the reader is thus part of the structure of the short story. Disjunction calls up the reader’s activity of representation. It asks us to create a coherent image of the narrative, a coherent text. Omitting the relation between two events leaves room for the reader to fill in the blanks. This crafted incompleteness creates the structure of “Canoe Repair.” Facts have more than one logical order; the reader coordinates elements by analyzing fragments.

Thus, the reader organizes the very space of the text. We shift, for example, from “When he took his canoe out, Zanes also thought,” to “The ideas knew how to get away sometimes” in the next paragraph (59). Reading “Zanes also thought,” the reader does not expect the sentence to stop at this point. S/he expects a complement to the verb “thought.” Therefore, reading “Canoe Repair” can be somewhat frustrating; the author even ironically refers to our unsatisfied expectation when we lack a transition between the two sentences. That is why, as Wolfgang Iser notes in The Implied Reader, we have to use imagination to compensate for the gaps. The context created by the sentence: “When he took his canoe out, Zanes also thought,” is destroyed so that the reader steps back and reflects upon the narrative as a work of art. “The artwork itself is represented as an artwork” (McHale 30). The reader finds metafictional allusions that suggest a fiction conscious of its fictionality, which makes the reader understand the story at another level of representation. These metafictional moments create a disjunction in addition to the fragmenting of the plot itself.

Each blank invites interpretation and coordination. Do the gaps become the theme of the narrative? When analyzing Modern texts such as Ulysses, Iser engages the issue of semantic richness and incoherence of gaps, moments of inconsistency, disruption, or omission. He sees reading as a process the reader undergoes to synthesize fragmented elements; the reader creates meaning.

The unconnected allusions and the abrupt alternation of stylistic devices disclose a large number of gaps … [that give] rise to the stimulating quality of the text. On the one hand, the density of allusions and the continual segmentation of style involve an incessant changing of perspectives, which seems to go out of control whenever the reader tries to pin them down; on the other hand, the gaps resulting from the cuts and abbreviations tempt the reader to fill them in. (Iser 213)

The structural breaks in “Canoe Repair” might be less extreme than those in Ulysses but, similarly, the gaps and omissions become part of the story’s theme, possibly denying thematic synthesis itself. Zanes’ fragmented thinking and his way of experiencing life are present in the style the author uses. The medium is often the message. The construction of sentences that might make us insecure reminds us that reading “Canoe Repair” is a special experience that enables us to coordinate elements of the story and thus penetrate Zanes’ mind and his somewhat eccentric thinking. The reader, by grasping multiplicity, references, and rambling elements, maps out what is happening in Zanes’ mind. The way things get originally connected structurally mirrors Zanes’ experience of the world that also reaches for unusual connections.

How do we find our bearings reading “Canoe Repair?” The narration resists linear order. It seems laminated into different sequences of the character’s life. Flashes are exposed with neither explanation nor transition. Joseph McElroy “never hid the gaps” (“Neural Neighborhoods” 204). Chronology is not respected; events follow a pattern of shifts from one subject to another, from one point of view to another, and everything seems important and unimportant at the same time. There is sometimes no link between consecutive sentences: “Was it my time device operating again?” and “A canoe is what makes you do” (77). Here, gaps interfere with our sense of the evolution of the story and the progression in the character’s life, if there is one. These gaps are caused mostly by the double narration of the story, and they are even more challenging to the reader. When we shift from, “Was it my time device operating again?” to “A canoe is what makes you do” (77), we shift from an “I” to an omniscient narrator. Zanes’ own perspective on his life is balanced by the omniscient narrator. To understand Zanes’ life, we need to be inside him and outside him. We need to know the world exterior to Zanes’ subjectivity to understand his reactions, hence the role of the omniscient voice.

The embedded structure of the story told by two narrators juxtaposes two sources of information. This construction enables the insertion of one perspective within another and it leads us to see Zanes’ life as an accumulation of fragments. Different perspectives provide distinct information about and approaches to the same life. Can the story be seen as a dialogue between these two poles? Unlike traditional narrations where the reader faces a set of events exposed in a linear way, “Canoe Repair” makes the reader feel the duality of life.

McElroy constructs a dynamic that can be paralleled with the theme of the double, often present in gothic stories. In these stories, the narrator and the character are the same person, although it is usually not clearly stated in the text. In “Canoe Repair,” there is, to some extent, a renewal of the theme of the double since our character has a double voice. The schizophrenic tensions represented by the strange vision of the double in the gothic stories appear in “Canoe Repair” in a somewhat different way. The strain between two voices can be understood as the representation of power over the development of the story.

First, the omniscient exterior narrator controls the story. Progressively, “I” becomes dominant. At the end, rapid shifts of viewpoint break up the story. The evolution of each viewpoint implicitly lets us gather details about the context of each narrator’s intervention. The constant shift form “I” to “he” changes the reader’s relation to the narrator because it implies a nonlinear way to gather information. Each narrator puts the reader into a frame of mind that influences interpretation. The shifting of frames makes the reader’s activity intense. When we change frames, we have to change our interpretation. How to base our understanding of the story on a specific context when the latter is always denatured?

The two narrators fragment the story, and they produce a repetitive pattern. Each of the narrators gives us details on the same moments of Zanes’ life. The double narration is thus based on the repetition of similar life sequences. The double narration allows repetition to penetrate the narrative. It is thanks to repetition that the reader can make sense of the story’s disconnected elements. The gaps that we apparently cannot coordinate - such as “Is there somebody over there? Zanes said. Probably, his son said” and “All but one of the machines were in use that evening”(72) - are so large that the only way the reader can assemble the fragments of the story is by focusing on the repetitive patterns that connect these partial perspectives. We constantly come across the same moments: the observation of the canoe, meetings between Zanes’ wife and the producer of her cooking show, scenes with Lung, discussions with Seemyon, and so on. The plot offers not so much progress as recurrence, duplication, and reiteration.

In our mind, those terms are usually connected to something monotonous. Yet in “Canoe Repair,” the iteration of words, ideas, and/or themes does not result in a redundant effect on reading. The first reference to “sunset” (56) is echoed by “[o]ne of them materialized at sunset” and “at sunset a window beamed” (57). Through repetition, meaning emerges. Repetition is not used to stop the progression of the plot: the elements of Zanes’ life are never told twice in exactly the same terms. The accumulation of repetitions creates an unusual meaning, a meaning understood through indirect means. Zanes refers to his own time: “my time device” (58), “another time” (61) as opposed to “my wife’s cookbook, my time machine” (69). Zanes’ experience of life does not rely on a chronological structure. When we accept repetition, we understand that time does not need to be seen as a linear progression.

Repetition lets us understand how Zanes organizes his life. The first and last moments of the story present similar scenes. “It was sunset and the boy was angry and wanted to be somewhere else” (56). Zanes and his son are outside watching the canoe for the first time. The first words of the story put the reader in the middle of a situation. The first character we meet is not Zanes but his son referred to as a “boy.” He could be anybody. In that sense, the story can be considered a statement about any family life, its structure, its implicit rules, and its repetitive patterns. The reference to “somewhere else” also puzzles the reader at the beginning of a story; we do not even know where the character is. At the end, we have circled back: “Above me, I felt the presence of my son at his window. If I didn’t take down the screens, it would soon be summer again” (78).

The end is paradoxical since it does not explain the story but at the same time concludes it through indirect means. The story ends on “again,” which alludes to an opening, a repetition of what we have read, maybe an allusion to the beginning if we think of the circularity of the repetitive pattern of the narration. On the other hand, the allusion to the coming summer ends with a period. Spring will soon be finished. We note here again the parallel between the first scene and the last one since the story opens on the ending of something, of a day. We are at a time when Zanes makes a pause in his life. His work on the canoe is what “makes [him] do” (77). His crafting the canoe changes aspects of his life, his relationship with his family and his community. The end of spring makes a kind of conclusion to the story but, at the same time, it opens the story toward a new time period. The conclusion and the opening lead us to different interpretations. We face some conflicting perception of time and closure. Depending on the type of time framework one has in mind, things can be open or closed; that is where the tension originates. The last and first scenes teach us to pay attention to how things are repeated in variation in the story. Both scenes point to a double direction. By examining this process, one understands that repetition is used to let one access Zanes’ subjective knowledge.

In the two scenes, the son and the father are both watching another place, an outsider place. They disagree on the hang-gliding activity. But this tension gets somewhat resolved at the end when they both look again in the same direction. An open conversation about this issue never appears in the story. Tensions are solved indirectly: “Is the leak like worry, no more than worry?” (75). The boat becomes the center of our attention; it is a place where Zanes’ concerns are to be projected and fixed too. The leak of the boat is associated with Zanes’ life: “When you left your job last year you were taking what you had and making it flow into a new system rather than holding onto what had been used. It would have leaked away if you had not made it move into a new system” (63). The canoe becomes a system of reference we share with Zanes to understand his life. The changes he goes through are projected into the repairing of the canoe, and thanks to the details of the crafting we understand the adjustments of his own life.

Connection is hidden where we cannot see it at first sight, where we do not expect it. For instance, a paragraph describing Zanes canoeing ends, “A wind was coming up, and I heard a breathing sound of paddling” (65). The next paragraph begins, “He treaded water and in his mind smelled fish scales. A wind came up. Zanes felt a wash against his dome” (65). The wind coming up appears twice, but the repetition is not identical because it lets us collect different details about Zanes canoeing. The first time, the wind relates to sound, while the second time it is linked to smell and then touch because of the sensation of “wash.” The different senses are connected to the same moment of Zanes’ life, and we gather this general image as well as its fragmented aspect thanks to repetition. Zanes’ sense of the world is not constructed upon a close frontier between things. Wind and breath become one; canoe and lake become one. To Zanes, “the beautiful canoe could loosen in your mind” (73). The different parts of his life (his relationship to Lung, his son, his wife, the canoe, the neighbor) are permeable. They communicate in an unusual way because they get to influence one another without ever being purposely or directly connected. The apparently rambling progression of the content of the story mirrors Zanes’ vision of life. As a result, the nonlinearity guides us.

The relationship between “Canoe Repair” and “Midcourse Corrections” emphasizes the reflections on moments of “repair” or “correction” in one’s life. The two works present pauses at a transitional time. The reading of “Canoe Repair” is the reading of images and themes mapped out in a paradigm linking scattered elements from the story, “Midcourse Corrections,” and the reader’s world. McElroy’s variation on themes common to both “Midcourse Corrections” and “Canoe Repair” is close to Andy Warhol’s technique in a series such as Marilyn. Like the painter, the author chooses a theme and modulates it. This project changes the narrative framework and our reaction to it. We can consider “Midcourse Corrections” and “Canoe Repair” to be doublings on a similar project: both pieces give different perspectives on the same thing, the way “Canoe Repair” also gives partial perspectives on the same plot. When reading “Canoe Repair,” the reader may have “Midcourse Corrections” in mind. Both pieces are meant to add to each other.

In that sense, McElroy “repeat[s] something now to make you remember something then and set[s] you up for something later” (Kawin 34). The reiterations linking the two pieces can be understood as emphases on moments that create echoes in the reader’s network of references. In “Midcourse Corrections,” McElroy writes that his essay is written to “interrupt, interleave, break diverse kinds of documents” (10). “Canoe Repair” can be read as the application of such a project to fiction. The gaps are motivated by a wish to mix disconnected “documents.” Tabbi notes that the interviews “are like a fiction” (160). In that sense, the frontiers between the essay and fiction are blurred because of their connections. Tabbi also claims, “McElroy locates his compositional self in the space between plural subjectivities” (160). The double narration of the story pluralizes Zanes’ subjectivity in a parallel way.

Structurally, the two pieces are surprisingly close. “Midcourse Corrections” is a combination of three interviews interrupted by the author’s reflections, “INSERTS,” and ” workpoints.” The short story and the autobiographical essay display a structure that accepts gaps and emphasizes echoes that connect the two texts. The substance of the canoe’s texture is mirrored by other parts of the essay:

INSERT: hinge turning: remember those trick hinged pieces of wood that were really constructed with curiously attached canvas strips?

An essay like that. An interview. A sentence fly-by that manufactures its own canvas in the space it also generates out of a music its thought spun off. (“Corrections” 20)

The crafting activity of canoe repair is paralleled by the composition of writing. The texts’ themes and images branch into one another. As McElroy expresses it, the “mixed metaphor of [his] work extends a fluid trial. Like a mixed metabolism and through the pulmonary winding also unfolding and exfoliation of the sentence’s plot it holds exchanges even between incompatibles” (“Corrections” 15). A paradigm of images is used to progressively construct the original way Zanes conceives his world. We understand how in the story, incompatibles such as “weight” and “lightness” can correlate. In the canoe, “the noble forcing of the ribs into this oval narrow form turned the weight inward into lightness” (67). In one’s life “corrections” and “repair” bring “weight” and “lightness” in contact. Traditional oppositions are reconciled in “Canoe Repair.”

The Laundromat is a place where clothes are washed, but it also becomes a place to meet, a place where life is concentrated. In addition, when Zanes thinks “rowing looks like work” (58), we see how things can serve different purposes. For Zanes, things do not have a unique meaning. Commonly, a Laundromat is used for washing. The rowing activity is meant to move a boat. However, experience changes the use of things. Zanes gives them a power to influence the world indirectly. His time influences the “real time;” his vision of space dialogues with the “real space.”

The reader adapts, concentrating on the unsettling aspects of Zanes’ representation of the world, and it participates in the creation of a simultaneous immobility and movement as when “the canoe [is] moving but … [is] still” (56). The apparent contradiction of this statement is illustrated by the structure of the story, which is partly why we may wonder if the canoe or the landscape is moving. Referring to a similar moment of immobility and movement in Hind’s Kidnap, Tony Tanner explains that “we are all familiar with such optic illusion pictures which can be read in more than one way, often as focus shifts so that figure and ground seem to change places” (219). This optic effect is rendered by the way the story is told. The process of perception alters the representation of time and space: “[t]he lake was part of the canoe” (58).

When reading the description of the canoe, we have an example of a moment when “the eye following the line of something creates motion.” Personal correspondence with the author, June 16, 2001.

Its grand lines flared to a beam so wide it seemed low and was. Which end was which? Ribs curved with a beautiful singleness up to the gunwales, and, out of the bent tension in which they seemed to grip and bow the ribs, as you ran your eyes over it and felt it the canoe developed a force of tightness and actual lift, as if the noble forcing of the ribs into this oval narrow form turned the weight inward into lightness. (67)

The passage describes the canoe precisely and technically - “ribs,” “gunwales.” We are so close to the ribs of the boat that we get an impression of immensity. The sentences saturated with commas and information prevent us from picturing a full image of the canoe. Each small detail gets enlarged so that each part seems to expand itself infinitely. The movements are underlined: “flared,” “curved,” “bent,” “grip,” “bow,” “lift,” “turned.” The canoe is still but its description creates motion.

This passage can be seen as a micro-structural template for the way the story evolves. The story is the combination of different lines gathered into a unique moment. Indeed, there is a network of words that refer to either abstract images or other words linked to the movement of the boat in the story. The circuitry of words and their relation to other words is as important as what the words refer to. The formal fragmentation and disconnection lets us experience literally what happens in Zanes’ mind. The narrator explains Zanes has a “restless mind” (60) but never explicitly explains what it means. He never gives a full description of the way Zanes orders his thoughts. We access the definition of Zanes’ “restless mind” through the organization of the story. The tensions inviting for “repair” in Zanes’ life are present at any level of the text without ever being clearly expressed. The slow paths of the narration, its fragmentation, and its echoes are images of the canoe which itself reflects the tensions at stake in Zanes’ life.

These descriptions let us experience a different sense of space but also reveal the story’s sensual approach to the world. Zanes’ readjustments orient and transform his vision. Things are examined, and their perception is detailed when Zanes describes his wife swimming, for instance: “He imagined her, and he knew her words had reached some reservoir in his brain, where she was swimming at night, the luminous things like tiny muscular wakes lit up her thighs and the curve of her back” (60). The “luminous things like tiny muscular wakes” are observed with attention, and remind us of a vision of a sculpted body where forms and relief are emphasized. Narration zooms in on details of surfaces, and the intense observation of body parts and of the canoe makes a paradigm of sensual representations. The story pays attention to the concrete surface of things: the canoe looks like a “deer swimming” (56). Things and people are described minutely, and the scale used is so close that the images of the story appear as details of a painting. The details Zanes’ vision focuses on remind us of the indirectness of his actions. Zanes pays attention to things in their details and cannot always see the overall framework of these things. Similarly, he cannot perceive the outcomes of all his actions.

McElroy refers to “’[a]ttention’ [as] a rather cold word [he] use[s] to suggest that the ways in which we embrace the world and embrace other people can be more precise and clear than we think sometimes” (Anything 248). Zanes’ attention to the canoe and to his breath, for instance, as he feels the “air filling the space of [his] chest to be measured by another time” (60), is his way to “embrace the world.” His attention to the world indirectly penetrates his relationships. Zanes’ precise description of the exterior world lets us access his interior world. We understand, when paying attention to the depiction of his environment, why “the lake [is] part of the canoe” (58). People’s lives are permeable, their energies travel into one another. Zanes’ activities involuntarily connect to other areas of his life. The clearer vision of life that appears when Zanes repairs the canoe gets transferred in mysterious ways to the other parts of his life. Different aspects of Zanes’ life influence one another, although it is not clear to him or us how they connect.

The flashes and fragments emphasized in the sequences of the story are used to represent the world: “it is the very abundance of perspectives that conveys abundance of the world under observation” (Iser 226). The canoe is personified by Zanes’ interest in it: “A body was what it was” (73). Zanes’ observations change our perception of the canoe. It is compared to a lover, an animal, and a body: “he almost loved the canoe” (67), “[t]he canoe attracted others to it, they were in its future” (75), and “[a] canoe is what makes you do” (77). Intensity changes the character’s visions of the world.

This intensity also affects the way time is represented in the story. Perception is altered. Likewise, time is distorted. McElroy refers to “the arranging of things in space, the motion of things and persons in space. Time dissolved into spatial relations.” Personal correspondence with the author, June 16, 2001. When Zanes asks, “what if space was time?” (72), his question could be considered as a comment on the devices used by the author. In “Canoe Repair,” time is peculiar since it is fragmented and does not follow a plain progression. McElroy writes in “Midcourse Corrections” that his writing is to be understood as “modifications of language editing the rhetoric of what’s inside and not disclaiming faith that the words really rendered things and motions outside - and outside, somehow, consciousness” (13). The subjective experience of Zanes’ time is spatialized in the story. “Outside” and “consciousness,” connected in “Midcourse Corrections,” become the pivot of “Canoe Repair.”

The story covers approximately seven months (“One bright mid-September afternoon” [65] to “summer soon” [77]), but the vision we have is the vision of an infinite time without bearings or perhaps a very short time so dense that the notion of its temporality is not valid. The sentences are constructed in order to convey the circuits and canals of Zanes’ stream of consciousness and even his perception process sometimes. Time is altered by perception and becomes spatialized in the story. We think about the witty reference to the Times and the “two Timeses for the price of one” (“Corrections” 19) that could ironically summarize the treatment of time in the short story where subjective time is juxtaposed to seasonal time. When reading “Canoe Repair,” we face two experiences of time: one that is subjective and distorted by experience, and the other that is universal and related to the seasons referred to in the story. The original structure of the story, its fragmentation, and connections to “Midcourse Corrections,” is a means for the author to present a subjective system of perception.

When allowing the defamiliarizing elements of the story to change our reading, we penetrate a new experience of the world, of perception, and of time. For example, the image of the canoe passing is a recurrent pattern in the short story: “It came out of a cove as quiet as a deer swimming” (56), “[t]he canoe’s animal flanks and low length absorbed the two paddlers” (57), “[t]he lake was part of the canoe” (58), “[t]reading water, my hand upon the overturned canoe” (65), and so on. These allusions create a network of references to the symbolical meaning of the slow movement characteristic of an infinite moment. The personal experience of Zanes’ time transforms the time of the story: “But he wondered what the long bark canoe felt like. Its length and strong delicacy. Its secret speed. Its time” (64). The canoe has its particular pace, its own time. Reading “Canoe Repair” is experiencing canoe(ing) time.

Works Cited

Culler, Jonathan. On Deconstruction. Theory and Criticism after Structuralism. London: Routledge, 1983.

Kawin, Bruce. Telling it Again and Again. Repetition in Literature and Film. Ithaca and London: Cornell UP, 1972

Iser, Wolfgang. The Implied Reader. Patterns of Communication in Prose Fiction from Bunyan to Beckett. Baltimore and London: John Hopkins UP, 1974.

McHale, Brian. Postmodernist Fiction. London: Routledge, 1996.

McElroy, Joseph. “Canoe Repair.” The Review of Contemporary Fiction 10. 1. (Spring 1990): 56-79.

_____ “Midcourse Corrections.” The Review of Contemporary Fiction 10. 1. (Spring 1990): 9-56.

_____ “Neural Neighborhoods and Other Concrete Abstracts.” Tri Quarterly 34 (Fall 1975): 201-17.

LeClair, Tom and Larry McCaffery. Anything Can Happen: Interviews with Contemporary American Novelists. Urbana: University of Illinois P,1983.

Porush, David. The Soft Machine: Cybernetic Fiction. New York: Methuen, 1985.

Saltzman, Arthur. The Novel in the Balance. Columbia: U of South Carolina, 1993.

Tabbi, Joseph. Postmodern Sublime. Technology and American Writing from Mailer to Cyberpunk. Ithaca and London: Cornell UP, 1995.

Tanner, Tonny. Scenes of Nature, Signs of Men. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP, 1987.

Notes


          A Failure To Communicate: Disconnect Between Purchasers And Operators Costs Billions        

To help lower operating expenses, companies must consider the total cost of ownership when purchasing new equipment. By purchasing slightly more expensive gear that is more efficient, manufacturers can save massively on electricity costs over the years.

- Read: A Failure To Communicate: Disconnect Between Purchasers And Operators Costs Billions at FacilityExecutive.com.


          Employment: UK!        

Head of Bioacoustics Technology, Aquatec Group, Hartley Wintney, UK

About Aquatec
Aquatec Group is a UK-based manufacturer of oceanographic and subsea instrumentation, sold throughout the world for use by research organisations, survey companies, fisheries and the oil and gas industry. Our product range includes a number of bioacoustics-related products, including the AQUAclick (a Static Acoustic Monitoring data logger) and various models of AQUAmark (acoustic deterrent devices) for bycatch mitigation.

About the Role
To support our growing bioacoustics-related business, we are currently recruiting at our UK office for a Head of Bioacoustics Technology position, reporting to the Managing Director.

Aquatec develops and manufactures solutions for marine mammal monitoring and bycatch mitigation, with an in-house engineering team that comprises acoustics, electronics and software engineers. Within the role, you will be expected to provide the interface between the engineering team and the needs of regulators, specifiers and end users of the technology. You will be in regular contact with marine mammal scientists around the world.

Within the role you will be expected to develop the bioacoustics arm of the business, take part in product development and testing, and support existing users of products. The role requires someone who has a well-rounded mix of personal, scientific, and business development skills.

About You
You will be degree qualified with a Masters or PhD in Marine Biology or similar. You will be a citizen of the European Community or will have a permanent right to work in the United Kingdom. You will have practical field experience in the use of static acoustic monitoring systems, and a good understanding of bioacoustics principles. You will be able to process and present bioacoustics data using Matlab, C or both. Ideally you will be in a similar position, or actively working in marine mammal research in the field, and looking for a new challenge. You will need to be competent and confident in the representation of Aquatec to potential customers as well as confident with Aquatec’s internal team to build and expand the company’s business.

The Reward

Aquatec is based in pleasant semi-rural surroundings in Hampshire, UK, approximately 40 miles or one hour’s train journey from London. You will be working with a highly motivated and dynamic team and a diverse range of clients and contacts around the world, with opportunities to travel. Salary will be competitive and will reflect your current experience. Assistance with relocation may also be available.

For more information or queries please send CV/Resume to Reva Perryman, Office Administrator at Aquatec Group, email rperryman@aquatecgroup.com.

Aquatec Group Limited
Registered in England
No 2523284

Registered Address:
High Street, Hartley Wintney
Hampshire, RG27 8NY, UK

Tel: +44 (0)1252 843072
Fax: +44 (0)1252 843074

www.AquatecGroup.com


          Blackberry Ceases Hardware Division        

Blackberry’s position in the smartphone market has been precarious for some time, and they’ve struggled to compete with Apple and a huge range of other manufacturers. Of course, the same predicament applies to Microsoft’s mobile division and encouraging developers to invest time into a platform with such a small market share is frankly, impossible. Eventually, […]

The post Blackberry Ceases Hardware Division appeared first on eTeknix.


          How to chose a child's bed. Kids bedroom furniture        

Before you know it, it is time to pack away your little one's cot and get ready for the transition to their first "big" bed. There can be a lot to consider and with so many choices and options these days it is important to consider a few key things to make sure you select a bed that ultimately will grow with your child through their next few stages of life. We all want the best for our children but we also have to make sure we pick a bed that is suitable not only for our budget but also that suits the size and design of their bedroom! With amazing designs available now with bedroom furniture it is important to remember that before you know it your child will be off to school and need an area for study and quiet time. Being able to purchase a bed that also facilitates being turned into a study once your child heads off to school is ideal. This way they can retreat to the peaceful environment of their room to work on school projects and other tasks requiring concentration without interruptions. Children perform better when being able to focus without the sound of mum in the kitchen and dad watching the news!

Bunk beds or loft beds are often a popular choice for more than one child or space for visitors without compromising the play space available. There are many types of bunk beds and loft beds. Some are low and suitable for a very young age with heaps of storage under and even including a desk on wheels where later can be put away and free some space when it is not needed. There are also high loft beds for older children. These can have many usable features under the bed such as a desk, wardrobe, chest of drawers, bookcase or another bed with or without a trundle. Be aware that high bunk/loft beds can be dangerous for your child so make sure they are designed and built at least to the Australian Safety Standards guidelines. These standards particularly ensure that any opening type and size are to specification to prevent entrapment that might cause injury.
Kids Bedroom Suites are a fantastic option if you are looking to complete a room that will grow with your child. Many include trundle beds for additional sleeping spaces for little sleepover guests, bedside tables, drawers and desks. You might consider a kids bedroom set that offers a wardrobe in the package if you don't have built -ins in the bedroom.

When selecting a size for a bed, we recommend if you have the space available to select a king single size to get the best use out of your investment as your kids grow to a teenager. Be aware when purchasing online, in particular from companies selling cheap imports that they will fit a mattress manufactured to Australian standards. When purchasing your bedroom furniture it is common for the salesperson to offer a free mattress, don't get too excited!! Often these mattresses are of a low quality and do not offer the support recommended for growing little bodies. It is best to do your research and ask retailers who specialise in mattresses.
It is important to be aware of warranty conditions when purchasing a mattress. If you purchase a bed for example that has a slat base, and these slats are spaced more than 75cm apart this might compromise the life of your mattress. Large gaps like these in some cases can affect spring mattresses and make your warranty void. To enhance the life of your mattress, it is recommended mattresses are turned over every 6 months. Having a supportive mattress will ensure a good nights rest for your body to relax, repair and rejuvenate. A good night's sleep is an important component in living a healthy life.

Enjoy your shopping!



          Grupo electrógeno diesel,Fabricante de Grupos electrógenos        
MTY Company es un fabricante y proveedor de grupo electrógeno diesel en China. Desde nuestra creación hemos venido especializandonos en el diseño, manufactura y mercadeo de productos de alta calidad, alta eficiencia y sets de generación de energía confiable. Bienvenido a este sitio web.
          Motor de 6 cilindros en línea,Generador        
Como principal manufacturador y proveedor de generadores en China, MTY Company puede proveer de una amplia gama de generadores diesel. Los grupos electrógenos diesel equipados con 6 cilindros en linea están incluidos en nuestra lista de productos. Adicionalmente podemos suplir generadores diesel equipados con 8 cilindros en V, 10 cilindros en V, etc.
          Le pneu, le meilleur ami de la voiture électrique ?        

Cette chronique a été initialement publiée dans Stratégies où vous pouvez retrouver chaque semaine SMART, ma chronique dédiée aux objets connectés. @maximegarrigues Alors que le salon automobile de Genève vient de fermer ses portes, Goodyear, le célèbre manufacturier de pneumatique, a fait sensation en présentant l’une de ses dernières innovations produit. Baptisé BH03, ce pneu semble... Read more »

Cet article Le pneu, le meilleur ami de la voiture électrique ? est apparu en premier sur Blogoergosum.


          Documentation Administrator        
NY-Purchase, Job Description Our Client, the world's premier consumer products' company, is seeking a Document Administrator possessing a bachelor's degree and a minimum of 2 years experience. To execute administrative duties to support R&D documentation initiatives required to manufacture beverage products. Provides direct Formula & Specification System (FSS) administration/business process support to product
          Solid Concepts Inc. Now Offers 3D Scanning Services        

Solid Concepts Inc., the largest dedicated service provider of additive manufacturing and rapid prototyping in North America, will now offer 3D scanning services for small to medium objects with the intent of future 3D printing.

(PRWeb April 02, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/04/prweb11725192.htm


          Solid Concepts to Show the Larger Side of 3D Printing at Pacific Design & Manufacturing 2014        

Solid Concepts, a leader in custom manufacturing services, will be exhibiting applications not typically associated with 3D printing at MD&M West Pacific Design & Manufacturing tradeshow.

(PRWeb January 21, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/01/prweb11500686.htm


          3D Printed Metal Gun Will Sell to Lucky 100        

Solid Concepts announces a limited sale of the 1911 3D Printed metal gun that made manufacturing history last month. Only one-hundred of the 1911 3D Printed metal guns will be manufactured and sold by the company using the same file, process and engineering as the very first 3D Printed metal gun.

(PRWeb December 19, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/12/prweb11436140.htm


          Solid Concepts’ 3D Printing Enhances 737 UAV        

Georgia based company Area-I turned to Solid Concept’s manufacturing solutions for their 737 scale model unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) PTERA. PTERA’s purpose is to provide a low-cost testing platform for new control and monitoring technologies.

(PRWeb December 17, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/12/prweb11430036.htm


          World’s First 3D Printed Metal Gun Manufactured by Solid Concepts        

Solid Concepts, a world leader in 3D Printing services, manufactures the world’s first 3D Printed Metal Gun.

(PRWeb November 07, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/11/prweb11311332.htm


          Solid Concepts Collaborates with AVEDA Congress 2013        

Solid Concepts collaborated with Ray Civello, CEO of Aveda Canada, and designer Stephen Ma to manufacture 3D printed headpieces for AVEDA Congress 2013.

(PRWeb October 30, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/10/prweb11278666.htm


          Solid Concepts Celebrates 22 Years of Custom Manufacturing Excellence        

Solid Concepts, a custom and additive manufacturing (or 3D Printing) solutions provider, has sustained consistent product success and quality since 1991.

(PRWeb October 23, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/10/prweb11249225.htm


          Solid Concepts to Exhibit at UTARI Symposium        

Solid Concepts will be attending the UTARI Symposium for the first time this year in order to showcase the latest in advanced manufacturing solutions with a special focus on additive manufacturing (aka 3D Printing) technologies.

(PRWeb September 25, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/9/prweb11143174.htm


          Solid Concepts Opens Up Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) Capacity        

Solid Concepts has optimized machine space on their SLS platforms so as to offer customers low volume manufacturing of prototypes.

(PRWeb September 10, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/9/prweb11092022.htm


          Solid Concepts’ Inconel Parts Prove Valuable for Aerospace Applications        

Solid Concepts, a custom manufacturing service provider, provides solutions for manufacturing metals faster and with more complexity via their Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) process. The results prove well attuned to the world of aerospace component manufacturing.

(PRWeb August 22, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/8/prweb11044677.htm


          Solid Concepts to Exhibit at AUVSI's Unmanned Systems 2013 in Washington, D.C.        

Solid Concepts will display cutting edge unmanned vehicles and manufacturing technologies at the show this year.

(PRWeb August 12, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/8/prweb11008607.htm


          Solid Concepts Announces Collaboration with The Tech Museum of Innovation to Bring Interactive Robots to Visitors        

Solid Concepts worked with the Tech Museum of Innovation in San Jose to additive manufacture (also known as 3D Printing) robot parts, allowing visitors to design their own workable robot.

(PRWeb July 18, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/7/prweb10938023.htm


          Rugged, Sleek, and High Performance: Solid Concepts Now Offers Black Ultem Material        

Custom manufacturing company Solid Concepts now offers Black Ultem material with their Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) 3D Printing technology.

(PRWeb May 24, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/5/prweb10751547.htm


          Solid Concepts is Honored by Northrop Grumman as a Top Supplier at Annual Awards Ceremony        

Solid Concepts, a custom manufacturing company, was publicly awarded by Northrop Grumman as a top supplier.

(PRWeb April 30, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/solidconcepts/topsupplier/prweb10677685.htm


          3D Printing with High Performance PEEK Material: Expanding Material Options for the Additive Manufacturing Industry        

Solid Concepts' Laser Sintering PEEK materials affords parts intricate designs coupled with end-use performance, furthering advances in material options for the world of 3D Printing.

(PRWeb April 16, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/4/prweb10494405.htm


          Solid Concepts is the 2nd Largest FDM Service Provider in North America        

Solid Concepts, a custom manufacturing company, continues to grow capacity to meet customer demand for additive manufactured products. Fused Deposition Modeling, or FDM, is excellent for prototypes and end-use products because it builds with production-grade thermoplastic material.

(PRWeb February 28, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/3dprinting/FDM/prweb10473243.htm


          Solid Concepts Grows Additive Manufacturing Technologies to Include Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS)        

Solid Concepts, a custom manufacturing company, gives customers the option to 3D Print in metal with the addition of two DMLS machines to their Austin, TX, manufacturing facility.

(PRWeb February 27, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/3dprinting/metals_DMLS/prweb10467206.htm


          Water Wars? A sobering Infographic about our Water Usage        
This came to me via Sustainablog and gives pause for thought.

Infographic by Seametrics, a manufacturer of water flow meters that measure and conserve water.
          Windows 10 will make old computers obsolete        
Just because your computer can run Windows 10 with aplomb right now, it doesn’t mean it’s going to get all the Windows 10 versions that Microsoft will launch — and the company won’t move past number 10 anytime soon, so they’ll all be Windows 10 versions. This shouldn't sound too surprising, as the same thing happens with Macs: Aging models get discontinued as macOS gets more sophisticated. But it turns out that some users rocking Intel Clover Trail Atom machines were surprised to discover an unpleasant message while trying to get the latest Windows 10 Creators Update installed. "Windows 10 is no longer supported on this PC," the message said, advising them to not proceed with the install. This may sound like a counterintuitive move for a company that annoyed users with Windows 10 update prompts. All of a sudden, the company seemed to be dropping support for some unlucky people. But, as PC World explains, Windows 10 support is not entirely a Microsoft-only matter. The company will only support a device for as long as the chipmaker keep supporting the processor that powers it. In this case, Intel dropped official support for Clover Trail CPUs, which means Microsoft had to kill support for all the computers based on Atom chips. “[These] systems are no longer supported by Intel... and without the necessary driver support, they may be incapable of moving to the Windows 10 Creators Update without a potential performance impact,” Microsoft says. So even if your Atom PC experience is still great, you can’t have Creators Update or any of the updates that will follow it. PC World rightly points out that Microsoft’s statement is worrying because of its broadness. The company may choose to suspend updates for any device as long as a particular component stops receiving official support from the manufacturer. But Microsoft did say it’s working with chip makers to find support for older hardware. It’s not like Microsoft wants to stop the growth of Windows 10 by preventing devices that could run the software from actually installing the latest updates. From a different point of view, if your computer’s chip is so old that it won’t receive official support anymore, it’s probably time to consider an upgrade.
          Showbiz Sandbox 329: Television Gets Turned Off By Apple        

Rumors about how Apple plans to conquer television have circulated for years. Initially it was thought the company intended to manufacture a television set. This led to speculation that it was putting together an over-the-top alternative to cable. Now reports have emerged that numerous deals between Apple and the TV industry have collapsed over the […]

The post Showbiz Sandbox 329: Television Gets Turned Off By Apple appeared first on Showbiz Sandbox.


          DBA is looking for a Graphic Designer        

As a growing Australian based, internationally recognised brand, DBA (Disc Brakes Australia) a leading manufacturer of automotive performance disc brake rotors and components, is on the lookout for a passionate Graphic Designer to join our ...

The post DBA is looking for a Graphic Designer appeared first on Disc Brakes Australia.


          1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 1        
1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 1

1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 1

Lead Free Solder A lead free solder produced to BS219 and 5663, listed under the U.K. water fittings bylaws BS219 (99.5 per cent tin, 0.5 per cent copper).3.25mm Diameter. For use with portable water supplies. UK Manufacturer


          1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 20        
1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 20

1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 20

Lead Free Solder A lead free solder produced to BS219 and 5663, listed under the U.K. water fittings bylaws BS219 (99.5 per cent tin, 0.5 per cent copper).3.25mm Diameter. For use with portable water supplies. UK Manufacturer


          1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 5        
1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 5

1/2kg 500g Lead Free Solder Coil x 5

Lead Free Solder A lead free solder produced to BS219 and 5663, listed under the U.K. water fittings bylaws BS219 (99.5 per cent tin, 0.5 per cent copper).3.25mm Diameter. For use with portable water supplies. UK Manufacturer


          1/2kg 500g Leaded Solder Coil x 1        
1/2kg 500g Leaded Solder Coil x 1

1/2kg 500g Leaded Solder Coil x 1

500g. solid solder wire for plumbing applications. Highly effective, designed to produce perfect joints, quickly and cleanly. Manufactured to BS 29453. Specifications:For non-potable applications. Melting range 183-234°C.


          1/4kg 250g Lead Free Solder Coil x 1        
1/4kg 250g Lead Free Solder Coil x 1

1/4kg 250g Lead Free Solder Coil x 1

Lead Free Solder A lead free solder produced to BS219 and 5663, listed under the U.K. water fittings bylaws BS219 (99.5 per cent tin, 0.5 per cent copper).3.25mm Diameter. For use with portable water supplies. UK Manufacturer


          1/4kg 250g Leaded Solder Coil x 1        
1/4kg 250g Leaded Solder Coil x 1

1/4kg 250g Leaded Solder Coil x 1

500g. solid solder wire for plumbing applications. Highly effective, designed to produce perfect joints, quickly and cleanly. Manufactured to BS 29453. Specifications:For non-potable applications. Melting range 183-234°C.


          10/4 Gal 45/18 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits        
10/4 Gal 45/18 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

10/4 Gal 45/18 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

Tank pack contains lid,jacket,byelaw30 kit,ball valve pack & backing plate, no tank is included Tank size Height 305mm, width 296mm, length 442mm Rectangular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular tank designed to allow efficient stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage  


          110mm single socket soil pipe 3m SP3        
110mm single socket soil pipe 3m SP3

110mm single socket soil pipe 3m SP3

110mm Ring Seal Soil System BS 4514 FloPlast 110mm Ring Seal Soil System is Manufactured in PVC-U (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) to BS EN 1401-1: 1998 / BS4660: 2000. System Features: Provides an efficient means of waste water drainage and foul discharge from appliances.   Manufactured in PVC-U to give a strong and durable product, lightweight and easy to work with and suitable for high temperature waste discharge.   Fittings have an aesthetic modern look, are compact in size yet remain within the British Standard specification.   Push-Fit joint through an innovatively designed seal and snap cap system.   Comprehensive range of fittings to suit most installations and which integrate with all FloPlast Above and Below Ground Drainage Systems.     Colours Available: White, Black, Grey.


          110mm Soil Double Socket SP105        
110mm Soil Double Socket SP105

110mm Soil Double Socket SP105

110mm Ring Seal Soil System BS 4514 FloPlast 110mm Ring Seal Soil System is Manufactured in PVC-U (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) to BS EN 1401-1: 1998 / BS4660: 2000. System Features: Provides an efficient means of waste water drainage and foul discharge from appliances.   Manufactured in PVC-U to give a strong and durable product, lightweight and easy to work with and suitable for high temperature waste discharge.   Fittings have an aesthetic modern look, are compact in size yet remain within the British Standard specification.   Push-Fit joint through an innovatively designed seal and snap cap system.   Comprehensive range of fittings to suit most installations and which integrate with all FloPlast Above and Below Ground Drainage Systems.     Colours Available: White, Black, Grey.


          110mm Soil Offset Top Bend SP440        
110mm Soil Offset Top Bend SP440

110mm Soil Offset Top Bend SP440

110mm Ring Seal Soil System BS 4514 FloPlast 110mm Ring Seal Soil System is Manufactured in PVC-U (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) to BS EN 1401-1: 1998 / BS4660: 2000. System Features: Provides an efficient means of waste water drainage and foul discharge from appliances.   Manufactured in PVC-U to give a strong and durable product, lightweight and easy to work with and suitable for high temperature waste discharge.   Fittings have an aesthetic modern look, are compact in size yet remain within the British Standard specification.   Push-Fit joint through an innovatively designed seal and snap cap system.   Comprehensive range of fittings to suit most installations and which integrate with all FloPlast Above and Below Ground Drainage Systems.     Colours Available: White, Black, Grey.


          110mm Soil Pipe Clip SP82        
110mm Soil Pipe Clip SP82

110mm Soil Pipe Clip SP82

110mm Ring Seal Soil System BS 4514 FloPlast 110mm Ring Seal Soil System is Manufactured in PVC-U (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) to BS EN 1401-1: 1998 / BS4660: 2000. System Features: Provides an efficient means of waste water drainage and foul discharge from appliances.   Manufactured in PVC-U to give a strong and durable product, lightweight and easy to work with and suitable for high temperature waste discharge.   Fittings have an aesthetic modern look, are compact in size yet remain within the British Standard specification.   Push-Fit joint through an innovatively designed seal and snap cap system.   Comprehensive range of fittings to suit most installations and which integrate with all FloPlast Above and Below Ground Drainage Systems.     Colours Available: White, Black, Grey.


          110mm soil single socket SP124        
110mm soil single socket SP124

110mm soil single socket SP124

110mm Ring Seal Soil System BS 4514 FloPlast 110mm Ring Seal Soil System is Manufactured in PVC-U (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) to BS EN 1401-1: 1998 / BS4660: 2000. System Features: Provides an efficient means of waste water drainage and foul discharge from appliances.   Manufactured in PVC-U to give a strong and durable product, lightweight and easy to work with and suitable for high temperature waste discharge.   Fittings have an aesthetic modern look, are compact in size yet remain within the British Standard specification.   Push-Fit joint through an innovatively designed seal and snap cap system.   Comprehensive range of fittings to suit most installations and which integrate with all FloPlast Above and Below Ground Drainage Systems.     Colours Available: White, Black, Grey.


          15 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits        
15 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits

15 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits

Height 457mm, width 483mm, length 660mm 2/3 Days Delivery Tank pack contains lid, jacket, byelaw30 kit, ball valve pack & backing plate Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Height 457mm, width 483mm, length 660mm Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficient stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight  


          150/100 Gal 682/455 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits        
150/100 Gal 682/455 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits

150/100 Gal 682/455 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits

Height 787mm, lower 938mm, upper 1041mm 2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          150/100 Gal 682/455 Ltr Loft Tank and Kits        
150/100 Gal 682/455 Ltr Loft Tank and Kits

150/100 Gal 682/455 Ltr Loft Tank and Kits

Height 590mm, lower 644mm, upper 1790mm 2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexibl  


          180032 Picus S1 Set Simplex 2 Diamond Core Drilling Machine (With-Out Diamond Drilling Cores)        
180032 Picus S1 Set Simplex 2 Diamond Core Drilling Machine (With-Out Diamond Drilling Cores)

180032 Picus S1 Set Simplex 2 Diamond Core Drilling Machine (With-Out Diamond Drilling Cores)

Not supplied with diamond drilling cores. The simplex drill stand is a robust stand suitable for cores upto 200mm, the main column is manufactured from precision square 50mm steel for low vibration and high tolerance. 162mm max core diameter Powerful 1800w motor Maintenance free gear Safety clutch Single speed 580rpm Adjustments for uneven floors Double sided rack and pinion


          20 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits        
20 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits

20 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits

Height 508mm, width 508mm, length 508mm 2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          30/20 Gal 135/91 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits        
30/20 Gal 135/91 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

30/20 Gal 135/91 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

Height 600mm, width 1150mm, length 665mm 2/3 days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          4 Port Rail Manifold        
4 Port Rail Manifold

4 Port Rail Manifold

Description Push-fit manifold suitable for central heating systems. Designed, manufactured, and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. Also Available in the John Guest Speedfit range is Underfloor heating, network systems, valves flexis and unferground fittings. Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          4 Way Manifold SFM512210S        
4 Way Manifold SFM512210S

4 Way Manifold SFM512210S

Description 4 way push-fit in-line manifold which is suitable for central heating applications. Also Available in the John Guest Speedfit range is Underfloor heating, network systems, valves flexis and unferground fittings. Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          40/25 Gal 182/114 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits        
40/25 Gal 182/114 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits

40/25 Gal 182/114 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits

2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          40/25 Gal 182/114 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits        
40/25 Gal 182/114 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

40/25 Gal 182/114 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

Height 533mm, width 584mm, length 736mm 2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          530014 Amigo E Set M 20-25-32mm Electric Pipe Threading Machine         
530014 Amigo E Set M 20-25-32mm Electric Pipe Threading Machine

530014 Amigo E Set M 20-25-32mm Electric Pipe Threading Machine

REMS Amigo E with quick change die heads, the fastest, strongest and lightest up to 1". Powerful, compact electric threading machine with unique support bracket. Can be used anywhere without the need for a vice. Perfect for renovation jobs where thread sizes are between 1/8" to 1" or 16mm-32mm. Die heads manufactured from high grade steel, 110v, seat perfectly in to the lever head offering fast and easy die changeover. The unique support bracket holds the die stock in place against torque in both directions. It is solid and simple to use and does away with the need to clamp the pipework in a vice thus speeding up the threading operation and allowing pipes to be threaded in situation. The drive unit is ideal for site work, solid and maintenacne free boasting a 950w motor with 30% increased power thanks to the automatic carbon brush adjustment system. REMS Spezial cutting oil is recommended to aid thread cutting, it prolongs die life, speed cutting and ensuring perfect threading.  


          60/40 Gal 270/182 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits        
60/40 Gal 270/182 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

60/40 Gal 270/182 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

Height 590mm, width 610mm, length 940mm 2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits        
70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits

70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Circular Tank and Kits

Height 610mm, lower 748mm, upper 838mm 2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Loft Tank and Kits        
70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Loft Tank and Kits

70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Loft Tank and Kits

Height 485mm, upper 1120mm, lower 485mm 2/3 Days DeliveryRectangular and circular tanks Manufactured to BS42132004All Tanks are WRAS approved. Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw. Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage  B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch 


          70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits        
70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

70/50 Gal 315/227 Ltr Rectangular Tank and Kits

Height 600mm, width 635mm, length 1150mm 2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible style to allow passage through the loft hatch  


          844050 Cutter Wheel Cu-Inox (for Nano/Akku-Nano)        
844050 Cutter Wheel Cu-Inox (for Nano/Akku-Nano)

844050 Cutter Wheel Cu-Inox (for Nano/Akku-Nano)

Suitable For stainless steel, steel & copper tubes. Can be used with either REMS Nano or REMS Akku-Nano. Top quality hardened cutter wheels manufactured from REMS. Fast clean cutting and long service life.


          844051 Cutter Wheel V (for Nano/Akku-Nano)        
844051 Cutter Wheel V (for Nano/Akku-Nano)

844051 Cutter Wheel V (for Nano/Akku-Nano)

Suitable for multilayer composite pipes. Can be used with either REMS Nano or REMS Akku-Nano. Top quality hardened cutter wheels manufactured from REMS. Fast clean cutting and long service life.


          9 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits         
9 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits

9 Gallon Galvanised Replacement Tanks and Kits

Height 381mm, width 432mm, length 635mm  2/3 Days Delivery Rectangular and circular tanks manufactured to BS42132004 All tanks are WRAS approved Full range of Byelaw 30 and 60 kits available to allow compliance with water byelaw Snap fit lids available for all tanks Innovative design avoids use of metal reinforcing bars eliminating corrosion 500 hour hot water tested at 95°C Rectangular and circular tanks designed to allow efficent stackability and nesting Wide range of capabilities and sizes Lightweight Single piece moulding Ideal for domestic water storage B25 gallon circular and B50 gallon circular supplied in flexible  


          West Mt. Mjollnir        


Character Level: 9
Profession Level: 8
Achievement: Lurker Fly

Map Location:
--------------------------
West Mt. Mjollnir

Quest List:
--------------------
The Beginning of a Day
Statue of Ignatz
Outraged Dean
The Knight's Breakfast
Former Glory - [Reward: 2 Red Potion(I), 2 Blue Potion(I)]
Get Wet Crib Sheet [Reward: 4 Red Potion (I)]
Not My Fault
Suspicious One (1)
Monsterogy Class Materials
Suspicious One (2)
Please Believe Me! - [Reward: 4 Blue Potion (I)]
Monster Lesson (1) - [Reward: High Academy Student Mail]
Monster Lesson (2) - [Reward: High Academy Student Sword]
Monster Lesson (3)
Poor Porings
Naughty Ones - [Reward: Refining Whetstone I or Refining Oil I]
Mastering?! - [Reward: High Academy Student Gaiters]
Monsterogy Lesson Complete - [Reward: Supersmall Bag]
Energized Poring (Quest Starter Item)
To The Monsterogy Teacher - [Reward: High Academy Student Boots]
Kafra Services
Cause of Sneezing
Save Location - [Reward: 2 Butterfly Wing]
Historiography
An Afternoon of Pollen Diffusion
History of Midgard
History Quiz
Historic Hero - [Reward: High Academy Student Gauntlets]
Find The Mailbox!
Things to Check Before Battle
Equipment Repair (1)
Equipment Repair (2)
Antodote Seeker (1)
Antodote Seeker (2) - [Reward: 4 Red Potion(I)]
Mildwin's Routine
The Scarecrow Knows
The Culprit Behind the Carrot Stealing - [Reward: Tiger Embroidery I or Dragon Embroidery I]
Bill Delivery
Expert Battle Lesson (1) -  [Reward: Fire Elemento Sword]
Expert Battle Lesson (2)
Twilight Romance - [Reward: Beginner's Card]
What's a Card? - [Reward: 2 Beginner's Card]
Materials Needed for Crafting? -  [Reward: 2 Small Rock]
On Material Processing - [Reward: 4 Red Potion(I)]
Search for the Academy Student
I Need a Potion
Extermination of the Unknown -  [Reward: Fire Elemento Gaiters]
Where Did They Come From?
Search for Student in the Cave
Protect Your Fellow
Darkness within the Deepest Parts of Our Memory
Fearful Memory
Sore Memory - [Reward: Bear Embroidery I]
Sad Memory - [Reward: Butterfly Wing]
Painful Memory - [Reward: Butterfly Wing]
Horrible Memory
The Escape from Trauma - [Reward: Refining Whetstone I or Magic Oil I]
Real Culprit (1) - [Reward: Fire Elemento Armor]
Real Culprit (2) - [Reward: Wind Elixir and 3 Purple Potion (I)]
True Identify of Suspicious Person - [Reward: Tiger Embroidery I or Dragon Embroidery I]
Defeat Apprentice Apostle
Defeat Low Level Apostle
Brannel, The Demon Summoner
Chasing After Prits
Go Catch the Betrayer Prits - [Reward: Guard Captain's Visor]
To the Bouquet Village!
To Do Away with Tedious Days (1)
To Do Away with Tedious Days (2)

Quest Starter Items Found:
-----------------------------------------------
Rare Jellopy - Mastering

Items Found:
----------------------
Split Piece 1 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Poor Poring, Angry Flip, Lunatic, Unidentified Monster, Ruthless Cave Bandit, Low Level Apostle, Fabre Bebe, Big Fabre
Split Piece 2 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Baby Poring, Flip, Hornet, Brutal Freyjan, Apprentice Apostle, Low Level Apostle
Split Piece 3 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Baby Poring

Material Items:
Earthly Trace (I) - Poring, Ruthless Cave Bandit, Brutal Freyjan
Firmament Essence (I) - Leisurely Flip, Poring, Worker Hornet, Apprentice Apostle
Root of Life (I) - Worker Hornet, Big Fabre
Spirit of Ruin (I) - Worker Hornet, Unidentified Monster, Apprentice Apostle
Monster Fragment (I) - Brutal Freyjan

Other Items:
Bee Sting - Hornet, Worker Hornet
Chonchon Doll - Lurker Fly
Dim Pollen - Leisurely Flip, Flip, Angry Flip
Jellopy - Baby Poring, Poring, Poor Poring
Muddy Hood - Summoner Brannel
Ripped Fabric - Suspicious One, Ruthless Cave Bandit, Brutal Freyjan, Cruel Freyjan, Apprentice Apostle, Low Level Apostle
Sharp Prick - Fabre Bebe, Big Fabre
Small Firefly - Unidentified Monster
Soft Fur - Lunatic, Eclipse
Pocket Watch - Memory of Terror

Bags Found:
----------------------
Small Bag - Poring
Medium Bag - None

Food and Drinks Found:
-------------------------------------------
Instant Jellopy Pudding - Fabre Bebe
Instant Pollen Songpyeon - Worker Hornet
Instant Seasoned Antenna - Poring

Potions Found:
---------------------------
Red Potion (I) - None
Blue Potion (I) - None
Purple Potion (I) - Low Level Apostle
Dexterity Potion (I) - Worker Hornet, Overlooker Hornet
Strenght Boost Potion (I) - Flip

Cards Found:
------------------------
Beginner's Card
Fabre
Flip Card
Worker Hornet

Weapons and Armors Found:
----------------------------------------------------
Guard's Helm - Lurker Fly
Lurker Fly's Bludgeon - Lurker Fly
Riddle Sword - Cruel Freyjan

Khara Quest:
-----------------------
Secret to Gathering
See gold as Though it is a rock - [Reward: Title - Rock Digger]
Poring the Menace - [Reward: Title - Poring Hunter]
The One Behind Pollen Allergy - [Reward: Title - Ahchoo!]
(Skill) Aura Strike! - [Reward: Title - Strike]
Outlaw of the Carrot
Habit to Saving Zeny
Way To Carry More Items
Way To Boldy Run Away in Danger
First Step Toward Adventure -  [Reward: Title - Novice]
I am Handicraft Manufacturer!
(Selected) Condition for Creating
(Selected) Pain Relieving Drink!
Master Repair Man (1)
Preparation of Basic Supplies for Adventure (1)
Preparation of Basic Supplies for Adventure (2)
Learn Skill of Profession - [Reward: Title - Rookie Crafter]
Time of Trauma!
(Rare:E) Lurker Fly (Party Recommended) - [Reward: Title - Lurker Hunter]

Others:
-------------
Small Rock
Medium Rock
Large Rock






          Alpha2L Pumps Domestic Circulator        
Alpha2L Pumps Domestic Circulator

Alpha2L Pumps Domestic Circulator

he Grundfos ALPHA2 L is an advanced energy efficient domestic circulator that meets EuP legislative requirements. This makes it an ideal choice for a variety of domestic circulation heating systems. The ALPHA2 L achieves the highest possible energy savings in comparison to older technology fixed speed pumps. The reduction in power consumption has been achieved by using the latest permanent magnet motor technology and this power consumption can be as low as 5 watts. The variable speed modulating modes allows the pump to match its performance to the system requirements, helping to reduce noise when thermostatic valves are closing down. The ALPHA2 L models are simple to install in new or existing systems, and are 130mm between ports. Features and benefits Meets EuP legislative demands Energy efficient pump - significant energy savings Variable and fixed speed operation – one pump for all jobs Plug and Pump – no need to open terminal box 5 year warranty   Technical data Liquid Temperature: +2°C @ 110°C  Maximum Ambient: 37°C @ 82°C Flow Min Inlet Pressure: 1.3m @ 82°C Flow Maximum System Pressure: 10 Bar Mean Sound Pressure Level: Control of heating systems The heat requirements of a building vary greatly and today thermostatic radiator valves efficiently control the system output. This can lead to excessive pump pressure and valve noise. ALPHA2 L can not only adapt to these variable conditions but reduce electrical energy consumption.   Fixed speed pump mode With a fixed speed pump, as the radiator TRV’s close, the system resistance increases causing an increase in pump pressure which can lead to TRV noise.   Pressure controlled mode As the TRV’s close the pump pressure is controlled according to the selected mode. At the reduced pressure the TRV’s then re-adjust to maintain the required output. The pump pressure reduces radiator valve noise and power consumption. Installation and operating guidance When installing the ALPHA2 L, please refer to the Installation and Operating Instructions, if using pump in either constant pressure or proportional pressure mode. *Please refer to the boiler manufacturers minimum flow rate requirements when setting bypass valves.


          Angle Stop Valve        
Angle Stop Valve

Angle Stop Valve

Description Provides an in-line push-fit connection with shut off and check valve protection for the easy installation of water coolers, filtration equipment and vending machines. Designed, manufactured, and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit.   Features   Not suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections Lead free and non toxic No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Drawing a line in the sand        
Travis Todd's grandparents started a small crab factory in 1947 to produce some of the finest Blue Crab meet on the eastern shore. Nearly 70 years later, the business has evolved into Ocean Odyssey, a beloved destination restaurant run by third generation family members. Travis Todd grew up around the family business and has been a part of it for most of his life. When I interviewed Travis for our upcoming book, we had this exchange about changes to the business over the years...


As your business has evolved, what are some of the values that have not changed?  

"First and foremost, the thing that hasn’t changed is just a feeling of belonging, to a certain extent, and family dedication.  When I say family, I’m talking about extended family as well.  I think Dorchester County is truly an area where, when you hear people say it takes a village to raise a person, you know that’s very much alive here.  One of the things that attracted me into it is just that really strong sense of community and really strong family pride in what we do and what we enjoyed for several years throughout the history of it, and fought for, for several years of our history too.  Once you sink your teeth into something you don’t really want to walk away from it, even if the punches are coming pretty hard.  

Number two, and this has always been consistent, is our dedication to using 100% domestic blue crab.  I made my decision to really jump both feet first into this thing at a time where imported crab meat was hammering away at the market share of domestic crab meat, whether it was Maryland crabmeat, Virginia crabmeat, Carolina crabmeat, Louisiana, what have you.  There was a big push in a lot of restaurants to purchase crabmeat sourced from Venezuela, Indonesia and elsewhere overseas.  It was fine.  There’s nothing wrong with that product.  But the problem for us was the marketing — people were coming to Maryland and sitting in these waterside restaurants and eating these “Maryland style” crab cakes.  That was always the key word – “style.”  As long as you had that on your menu, you could use whatever you wanted.  These guys were buying this crab meat from international providers at significantly less cost.   I get it — sometimes in the restaurant business you run on tight margins.  You have to do those things with various products.  But, for us, we were so connected to Maryland seafood and Maryland crabmeat and having a background in manufacturing before being in the restaurant business that it really created a gigantic amount of respect for the product."

Did you ever consider using imported crabmeat?  


"That’s one of the things where we definitely draw a line on the sand.  There’s a lot in this world that requires flexibility and openness, but that’s one thing where we would sooner take crab cakes off the menu.  It’s too much a core of what we are, what we came from, and what the history of our family business is.  That really comes from Pops.  He was there for a couple years when that crab meat was really infiltrating the market.  The guys would come by and bring us samples.  They wouldn’t last too long in here before he would politely ask them to walk back out the same door they came in.  He didn’t even want a can of that product to be seen in this place.  I think that we’ve certainly drawn the line there and have never wavered from that.  In all our minds we’re pretty proud about that."

I admire that approach so much. If you do too, you can listen to the entire interview here on our iTunes podcast, or read it when the book releases in March. 

Wil




          Angled Plastic Service Valve Tap Connector        
Angled Plastic Service Valve Tap Connector

Angled Plastic Service Valve Tap Connector

DescriptionPush-fit valve for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. The valve allows the user to stop the flow of water to a tap in case of emergency or repair via a 1/4 turn of a screw on the valve there is a 90 degree bent nut which can be  tightened on to a side entry tap, toilet or male thread. Simply push the valve fully on to the pipe and connect the tap connection  to the thread. Should the need arise to demount the connection push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods. Features Not suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections Lead free and non toxic No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Anti Cross Flow and Rodent Barrier Valve        
Anti Cross Flow and Rodent Barrier Valve

Anti Cross Flow and Rodent Barrier Valve

Prevents cross flow if fitted to WC pans that are installed back to back. For use where special measures are necessary for control of rodents as recommended in approved document H1 The Building Regulations 2000. Manufactured in black polypropylene to prevent light penetration. Deters rodents from entering the building through WC. For use with any McAlpine rigid or flexible WC connector with 4"/100mm rubber outlet seal. Can be installed in horizontal or vertical position.


          Appliance Tap 15APT        
Appliance Tap 15APT

Appliance Tap 15APT

Description Push-fit fitting for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. The valve allows isolation of appliances such as a washing machine or dishwasher for maintenance or installation. Simply push the valve fully on to the pipe and thread the appliance hose on to the valve. Should the need arise to demount the connection push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods.   Features Not suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections Lead free and non toxic No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Appliance Tee APT2        
Appliance Tee APT2

Appliance Tee APT2

DescriptionPush-fit fitting for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. The valve allows isolation of appliances such as a washing machine or dishwasher for maintenance or installation. Simply push the valve fully on to the pipe and thread the appliance hose on to the valve. Should the need arise to demount the connection push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods.   Features   Not suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections Lead free and non toxic No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved   Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Back to wall pan connector 150-310mm        
Back to wall pan connector 150-310mm

Back to wall pan connector 150-310mm

Closed length 150mm. Open length 310mm. Soft synthetic rubber inlet connection secured by a jubilee clip. Manufactured in polypropylene. Provides a secure and reliable connection to the WC pan spigot prior to the final placement against wall or furniture.


          Bent Tap Connector        
Bent Tap Connector

Bent Tap Connector

Description Push-fit plastic fitting for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. Simply push the fitting fully onto the pipe and twist the plastic nut clockwise to lock in place. Should the need arise to demount the connection unlock the nut and push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release.  The fitting ensures an easier working environment in confined places and removes the need for hot works on site. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods. Note: With all plastic pipes the relevant manufacturer’s pipe insert is required. Features Push-fit and demountable connections Suitable for hot and cold water and central heating systems Grip and Seal connection Lead free and non toxic No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Bent Tap Connector YP63        
Bent Tap Connector YP63

Bent Tap Connector YP63

YORKSHIRE GENERAL FITTINGS    The Yorkshire general range of integral solder ring fittings is designed for jointing copper tubes to BS EN 1057 (R220, R250 and R290) in a wide range of applications.    FEATURES Available in sizes from 6mm to 67mm   Manufactured from copper or copper alloy    Suitable for use in hot and cold water services for potable water, in small bore and mini bore central heating systems, and in low pressure steam heating and pressurised unvented heating systems and in chilled water applications    Also suitable for sanitation services, compressed air lines, gas distribution systems and engineering pipeline services that convey liquids, oils, air and gases at temperatures up to 110°C   Each fitting contains a precise amount of lead-free solder for a perfect joint every time    


          Brass Back Plate Elbow        
Brass Back Plate Elbow

Brass Back Plate Elbow

Features Suitable for central heating systems Manufactured in DZR Brass Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrossion Free BSI and WRAS approved


          brass Drain Cock 15BDC        
brass Drain Cock 15BDC

brass Drain Cock 15BDC

DescriptionManufactured in DZR brass and suitable for central heating systems. Accreditations   The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Brass Female Coupler        
Brass Female Coupler

Brass Female Coupler

Features Suitable for central heating systems Manufactured in DZR Brass Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrossion Free BSI and WRAS approved


          Brass Female Cylinder Adaptor        
Brass Female Cylinder Adaptor

Brass Female Cylinder Adaptor

Features Suitable for central heating systems Manufactured in DZR Brass Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrossion Free BSI and WRAS approved


          Brass Female Stem Adaptor        
Brass Female Stem Adaptor

Brass Female Stem Adaptor

Brass adaptor converting Speedfit to female thread appliance. Suitable for central heating systems Manufactured in DZR Brass Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrossion Free BSI and WRAS approved


          Brass Male Coupler -        
Brass Male Coupler -

Brass Male Coupler -

Features Comes in either Tapered thread (MW Range) or Parallel thread (MC Range) Suitable for central heating systems Manufactured in DZR Brass Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrossion Free BSI and WRAS approved


          Brass Male Cylinder Adaptor        
Brass Male Cylinder Adaptor

Brass Male Cylinder Adaptor

Features Suitable for central heating systems Manufactured in DZR Brass Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrossion Free BSI and WRAS approved


          Brass Male Stem Adaptor        
Brass Male Stem Adaptor

Brass Male Stem Adaptor

Features Suitable for central heating systems Manufactured in DZR Brass Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrossion Free BSI and WRAS approved


          Brass Service Valve        
Brass Service Valve

Brass Service Valve

Description   Push-fit brass valve for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. The valve allows the user to stop the flow of water to a tap in case of emergency or repair via a 1/4 turn of a screw on the valve. Should the need arise to demount the connection push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods.   Features   Suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.           


          Brass Stop Valve 15BSC        
Brass Stop Valve 15BSC

Brass Stop Valve 15BSC

Description Push-fit brass valve which is only suitable for central heating systems. Accreditations   The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Pontoon Boat Enclosures FAQ – 2011 Bentley Pontoon Boat        
Q - What is the turnaround time for your pontoon boat enclosure? DO you custom fit the pontoon boat, or manufacture it just on measurements?
          Carbery Oil Tank 900RB Compact Bunded (L 1940mm x W 1390mm x H 1390mm)        
Carbery Oil Tank 900RB Compact Bunded  (L 1940mm x W 1390mm x H 1390mm)

Carbery Oil Tank 900RB Compact Bunded (L 1940mm x W 1390mm x H 1390mm)

Capacity: 980 litres (215 gallons)Max Length: 1940 mmMax Width: 840 mmMax Height: 1390 mmBase Length: 1930 mmBase Width: 800 mmWeight: 105 kg 10 Year Warranty    1000 Litre Slimline Bunded Heating Oil Tank (0900RB) 1000 litre (200 gallons) Bunded heating oil tank. Supplied with Overfill Prevention. Optional extras available. Top or bottom outlet available.Manufactured from fully recyclable materials. This Carbery tank will never rot, rust or corrode. It is ideal for the storage of home heating oil.A bunded tank consists of a 'tank within a tank'. The inner tank is the primary storage vessel, whilst the outer tank acts as a failsafe. In the event of a spill, surplus fuel will safely and securely be stored within the outer tank and an environmental pollution incident will be averted.Supplied complete with: Inbuilt Overfill Prevention Capability 2 "Lockable Fill Point Access Lid and Inspection Point 2" Vent Tank Contents Dipstick Top or Bottom Outlet


          Chrome Plated Ball Valve        
Chrome Plated Ball Valve

Chrome Plated Ball Valve

Description Push-fit brass valve for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. A must for any dwelling. The valve allows the user to stop the flow of water to a tap in case of emergency or repair via a 1/4 turn of a screw on the valve. Simply push the valve fully on to the pipe and connect the tap connection on to male thread. Should the need arise to demount the connection push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods.   Features   Suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.           


          Chrome Plated Copper Tube        
Chrome Plated Copper Tube

Chrome Plated Copper Tube

Please click into product for bulk buy discounts,       . Our chrome copper tube is high quality manufactured to British Copper Pipe Standards, available in 1.5mtrs to 3mtr lengths. Chrome pipe is available for free next day delivery if order is £50 or above. 


          Chrome Plated Service Valve        
Chrome Plated Service Valve

Chrome Plated Service Valve

Description Push-fit brass valve for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. A must for any dwelling. The valve allows the user to stop the flow of water to a tap in case of emergency or repair via a 1/4 turn of a screw on the valve. Simply push the valve fully on to the pipe and connect the tap connection on to male thread. Should the need arise to demount the connection push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods.   Features   Suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.    


          Chrome Plated Service Valve Tap Connector        
Chrome Plated Service Valve Tap Connector

Chrome Plated Service Valve Tap Connector

Description Push-fit brass valve with chrome plating for the connection of plastic and copper pipe. Designed, manufactured and assembled in the UK by John Guest Speedfit. Should the need arise to demount the connection push the collet towards the body of the fitting and pull the pipe to release. Installation can be reduced by around 40% against traditional fixing methods.   Features Suitable for central heating systems Push-fit and demountable connections No scale build up and Corrosion Free BSI and WRAS approved Accreditations The strictest control is maintained by virtue of the fact that design and manufacture is carried out in modern purpose-built manufacturing centres in west London and at Maidenhead in Berkshire. Maintaining control over the whole process from initial tool design and tool making through to final assembly and testing ensures that only products of the highest quality are produced. The company believe that it is this commitment to quality that has led to it receiving awards from many of the world’s leading testing and approvals organisations.       


          Coated Coils Copper Pipe        
Coated Coils Copper Pipe

Coated Coils Copper Pipe

Our Copper pipe and tube is high quality manufactured to British Copper pipe Standards, available in 1mtr to 30mtr bundles. Copper pipe is available for Free next day delivery if you order more then £40. You may also be interested in our ranges of Solder Copper Fittings and endfeed Fittings


          Copper Pipe        
Copper Pipe

Copper Pipe

Our Copper pipe and tube is high quality manufactured to British Copper pipe Standards, available in 1mtr to 30mtr bundles. Copper pipe is available for Free next day delivery if you order more then £50. You may also be interested in our ranges of Solder Copper Fittings and endfeed Fittings   35mm and 42mm not for bending.


          Copper Pipe Coils        
Copper Pipe Coils

Copper Pipe Coils

Our Copper pipe is high quality manufactured to British Copper pipe Standards, available in 1mtr to 50mtr Coils. Copper coils are available for Free next day delivery if you order more then £50. You may also be interested in our ranges of Solder Copper Fittings and endfeed Fittings


          RE[2]: Hate'em or love'em...        
Actually generic PC manufacturers are even less unique. Will the "industry" do fine without them?
          Are you people reading a different article?        
Actual quote from the article: Were businesspeople that used PC's or Apple II's suicidal Lemmings' ...and that's it. The sentence doesn't end there, the PARAGRAPH ends there. This isn't well written; large parts of it are flat-out illegible. Other parts are non-sequiturs that look like gratuitous slams at Apple (the bit about iPods manufactured in sweatshops, while interesting and informative, is unsubstantiated and, worse, involves a huge chronological jump). What is legible is quite interesting. I can tolerate typos and bad English, especially when English isn't the author's native language, but incomplete sentences? Grand claims unsubstantiated by sources? Where were the editors on this?
          Chinese manufacturing        
Apple isn't going to move iPod manufacturing to the US because it would just make it easier for competitors to catch up. Where do you think all of the iPod components come from? My guess it China. It doesn't make sense to ship over a bunch of components from China and then assemble them in the US.
          Drop the politics...        
The Apple mythos is incredible. When people think about Apple's early history, they think of Steve Jobs walking around Silicon Valley barefoot extolling the virtues of the Apple I. They think of Wozniak and Jobs assembling the computers in the Jobs' garage. They don't think of Chinese workers doing 15 hour days and being paid less than minimum wage to produce cheap iPods. Apple really ought to bite the bullet and fire Foxconn, the owner of the offending facilities, or even move manufacturing state side. Bad PR is hard to fight off. Please, this isn't the Trotsky, Marxist or Leninist revival site - people holding their hands singing, "we will over come". Study already has come back, and the doom and gloom scenario spoken of is not as bad as it is made out - move it to the US? please, to the third most expensive country in the world to do business in? please. Bad PR is hard to fight? Pulease, look at Nike, Reebok and Adidas - all use cheap overseas labour, and yet, you don't see a sudden backlash against them - heck, I have a look at my Creative Zen:M Vision, and its assembled in Malaysia, which funny enough has the same GDP per capita in US$ as I do; I certainly harbour no grudges to the fact that its assembled overseas. All it seems to me that when I hear people scream about 'poor labour conditions' and 'poor pay' when it is nothing more than a veiled attempt to justify their hatred, bigotry and straight out xenophobia.
          RE[2]: Drop the politics...        
We often call underpayment by US standards exploitation and bigotry. Often the low wages are the quite high in the country where the work is performed. We hear things like these poor workers are paid only $3 a day, however if the average salary in the area is $2 a day then the "exploited" people are not being harmed at all. I do not claim to know about the conditions that the manufacturing company that Apple uses for iPods is, but Apple investigated it and did not find bad conditions. Of course the question is do you trust Apple to perform this audit or not. To me, the deciding factor is if you as the worker, do they want the job to go away because they are being "exploited." If the answer is no, then they are not being "exploited." Often these charges are made by Americans that fear that these are potential American Jobs. They wish to have people say that they would rather pay more for an iPod built in America. However, part of what allows us to enjoy the low prices we want is the use of cheap foreign labor. In most cases it is a win-win as the workers can be paid above the norm of the area they live in, while we get inexpensive goods. I do not think that we can say it is bigotry as much as it is ignorance that makes people look for these statements.
          RE[4]: Drop the politics...        
Any entity auditing itself is not a valid audit. But that is not what Apple did. They audited their contract manufacturers. So if you are Apple, you do want to find the truth and you hope that it is that they are acting properly. However, you know that third parties will discover the truth and it will come out. So there is not a big reason to hide it. If the conditions are bad you make a big public insistence that they change the conditions allowing you to negotiate with other manufactures incase they can not come up to standards. Unlike an INTERNAL audit, there is a reason that you may be able to trust the Apple one. Apple does not want it's name to be associated with inhumane treatment, so they have a positive incentive to have an accurate report. So which do you trust more? An Apple audit or rumors? Until I see a reason to think otherwise I prefer to trust Apple. If someone has real evidence, let them come forward with it. Without any evidence to the contract I will even accept a truly internal report.
           The Honest to Goodness Truth on Replacement Window Review Blog        
Abby Windows is happy to announce our acquisition of Affordable Windows (affordable-window.com). Be confident, with this new acquisition you’ll however get the identical high quality solutions for replacement windows, As well as replacement doors, siding and also other home enhancement services.

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We are Fortunate we did not have tile back again splash in the kitchen, they destroyed the trim around the window and needed to replace it, leaving gaps amongst the trim and also the back splash. They damaged the wall plus the paint above the window also.

With the acquisition of Affordable Windows, you’ll be Functioning with a Milwaukee home advancement company that is

These men from alside crack me up. They may be posting listed here to make theirselves look good and make folks Imagine their windows are good. They're not prime of the road plus they acquire them in bulk from a cheeply made window maker and provide them. I have had all sorts of challenges with mine plus they even came out and replaced them 3 periods.

Alside casement windows are pure and easy JUNK... All six primary installed windows had manufacturing defects from day a single. All six casements had been replaced less than warranty. The replacement casement windows had been NO superior.

As well as, we’re the market leaders when it concerns parts and labor warranties, so you're Quality Replacement Windows able to rest assured you’ll by no means be omitted during the cold. With Abby Windows your home is from the arms of dependable industry experts.

00. My windows are the wrong sizes they measure Improper and had to reorder.Now they leak and also have condensation among the double window. I'll report them on the BBB.

so please quit. Next new homes built with builder grade windows and that is particularly what Replacement Windows Boston They're, These are designed to search quite until eventually the builder will get paid. these windows are certainly not built to preform nor were being the meant to. Cease blaming alside Window Glass Replacement Cost for terrible windows, the builder stiffed you not alside and carpenters, make sure you halt wanting to Engage in window installer and action back and allow a full time window crew to perform The work. FULL TIME not someone that framed the wall a

Is anyone aware of a category-motion lawsuit from Alside or maybe the involvement on the Composite Replacement Windows legal professional typical? This is Crank Out Windows a publicly traded company and should be held to higher standards. I do think it is time to get these systemic difficulties to the subsequent degree. Can anyone give me some additonal info (i.e. Provides a social Web page been established on Facebook to have more involvement?)
          First Transvaginal Mesh Lawsuit Verdict: A Win for Plaintiffs Everywhere        

While victims of transvaginal mesh, tape and sling side effects have filed thousands of lawsuits in state and federal courts across the country, Monday's landmark California jury award in Scott v. Kannappan Medical is the first formal victory for those affected by these medical devices. Watts Guerra Craft LLP is handling defective transvaginal mesh cases against all major manufacturers.

(PRWeb July 24, 2012)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/Transvaginal-Mesh-Lawsuit/Mikal-Watts/prweb9728506.htm


          Foxconn deal won't make money for Wisconsin until 2042, study shows        
The deal President Donald Trump called “incredible” and Gov. Scott Walker hailed as “once-in-a-century” opportunity to bring the electronic manufacturing giant Foxconn to Wisconsin wouldn’t generate profits for the state until 2042, a new legislative analysis projects.
          Recipe for the Perfect Bath Experience        

Megan Wahlberg

In many cultures around the world and throughout history, bathing has been a ritualistic act. A bath cleanses impurities and calms the spirit. Immersing oneself in water can feel exhilarating beyond belief. In the twenty-first century, we have the technology to make our bathing experiences transcendent every time. Here is my recipe to a bath that makes you feel rejuvenated, happy and healthy. 1. Squeaky Clean Utilities Toto, the manufacturer and not the cute little dog, makes quality baths with hygienic features built into every part of their valves and plumbing. The anti-return valve for instance keeps bath oils and impurities from building bacteria up in the jets. There is nothing so upsetting as spotting a ring of dirt on the inside of a jet, or feeling nervous that the basin isn’t completely clean. The Nova bath model from Jacuzzi uses the same technology. This company can produce whirlpool baths that also maintain a clean and healthy system. 2. Soothing Massage A lot of people love jets, but I personally find them noisy and irritating. When a jet blows full blast on part of my skin, the area will become red and itchy. Does anybody else have this problem? Toto engineers created an air bath option for their customers. These smaller, quieter jets distribute air bubbles throughout the bath evenly, resulting in a much more relaxing spa. The Guinevere Soaker is shown on the manufacturer’s website having these features installed. It has a safety bar on the inside to help users get in and out with ease. Jacuzzi offers the subtle air jet experience as well. The Mio bath tub is a popular choice because it can produce both the invigorating whirlpool effect or the more calming bubbling soak. One works for morning to get you ready for work and the other for night to help put you to bed. 3. Beautiful Surroundings Jacuzzi makes this lovely free standing bath tub with claw feet that I’ve always wanted. I had a friend in New York who had a studio loft apartment and she had to share a public toilet with everyone on her floor. In her studio, between the kitchen and the ladder up to her loft she had a free standing tub. It was so adorable! At parties she would fill in up with ice and beer. 4. Comfort How can you float away when the rim of the tub is jammed in the back of your neck? The Tara whirlpool bathtub has that extra room for extra comfort as well as contoured back rests. This is that tub in which your only worry is falling asleep and getting a mouthful of bath water. The door makes it easy and safe to enter and exit the tub. The Finestra whirlpool is guaranteed never to leak for as long as you own it. Rest easy knowing this bath is also safe for bath salts and oils. 5. “You” Time Designate a special segment of time for bathing. Don’t allow pending obligations to weigh on your brain. Ask the kids to play a game together. The perfect bath is never complete without the sensation of letting go of the filth rinsing off your skin, the worries, the dissatisfaction, or the exhaustion. Let it wash away and go right down the drain. So these are the ingredients for blissful bathing. Don’t forget the occasional candles and glass of Merlot for extra alone time luxury. The mind needs meditation, and a bath every now and again gives us time to quiet our thoughts and remember how to relax.

Read full version: Recipe for the Perfect Bath Experience
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          [news/commentary] Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs - Part I        
Thursday, September 16, 2004
Dateline: China
 
New column on the AlwaysOn Network.  It's on the potential downside of offshoring (the downside for the States, that is).  For the next five days, see http://www.alwayson-network.com ; the permanent link is at http://tinyurl.com/4e4q4 .  It got the ire of a lot of readers and a lot of views (I'm projecting nearly 500 in less than one day).  The article which was the basis for my column is getting a lot of attention in the States.  Worth reading.
 
Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs -- Part I
 
First, a bit of commentary.  One thing all smart SIs (systems integrators) do is develop partnerships and alliances with ISVs (independent software vendors, i.e., software publishers/software companies in a broad sense).  Of course, it's difficult to be the 1,000th entrant in the game and expect to get any traction/assistance from your ISV partner.
 
SIs in China ALWAYS use the approach of offering localization services and OFTEN offer to help push an ISV's product within the domestic market in China.  Frankly, this is what the (usually American) ISV wants, too.  Does this strategy work?  Well, sometimes.  However, even in the case of high profile alliances such as some of those Microsoft has in China (and I won't name names to protect the innocent), it's really nothing more than window dressing.  Everything looks good on paper, but the reality is something quite different.
 
Regardless, this does NOT address the need and desire for SIs in China to build their market in the States.  And when this issue becomes center stage, ISVs frequently respond with something bordering on contempt.  Some ISVs are getting clued that their American channel partners absolutely need partners in China and other low(er)-cost development areas in order to win bids.  Let's face it, it's all about closing deals.  And if an ISV's competitors have channel partners which can put together winning bids, perhaps in part (and perhaps in LARGE part) due to an offshoring component with their channel partner's SI partner(s) in China, then the ISV with an indirect link to China has a competitive advantage.  I don't view this as a sufficient condition to winning bids, but it's increasingly a necessary condition.
 
Clued ISVs want their American channel partners to have an offshoring option, but this requires that their channel partners have relationships with SIs in a country such as China.  But ISVs tend to focus their channel development efforts on their American partners and might develop a couple/few relationships in China, but usually NOT tied to their channel development efforts in the States.  Goofy and shortsighted, to say the least.
 
But how can SIs in China get traction with American ISVs, especially since they're almost always late to the game (in other words, the American ISV already has a well-developed channel)?  The answer (or, at least one answer):  Focus on servicing the needs of SMEs (small and medium enterprises, which is also referred to as "SMBs" -- small and medium businesses).
 
There's another reason this makes sense:  Most of the SIs in China are already focused on servicing SMEs/SMBs in China.  It might be nice to bag a large SOE (state-owned enterprise), but the reality is that most firms in China, especially the burgeoning number of privately-held firms, are SMEs by definition.  Hence, the experiences gained by SIs in China is already within the same market, although I'd be the first person to warn than company size and even similar domains does not necessarily equate to directly transferable skills.  Fact is, things in China are often quite different from the way they are in the States, especially in a "hot" ITO (IT outsourcing) market like financial services.  More about this in a forthcoming postingBottom line:  Give serious thought to targeting the SMB/SME market in the States.  (Part II of this commentary might be a while in coming.)
 
IT Tidbits
 
Lots of tidbits this week.
 
Controlling project costs.  My favorites:  Scope creep, not understanding project financing, "big-bang" projects, overtesting (although I'm not sure I agree with this one), poor estimating.  Good stuff, with recommended solutions.  See http://tinyurl.com/6rfkg .
 
Challenges for China's SIs.  Adapted from a Forrester report.   For starters, how about:  Improving account management (are there really any account managers in China, or at least any who can manage accounts with U.S. clients?   ), moving away from technology-centric messages that often alienate business buyers (better yet, moving away from messages in Chinglish), investing in vertical-specific skills (how many times have I said this?) and becoming more multicultural organizations (yes, and let's start with learning English!).  See http://tinyurl.com/4avfo .
 
"Yee Haw" as an outsourcing option.  Forget India.  Forget China.  Forget the Philippines.  Let's go to Arkansas!!  See http://tinyurl.com/7ya9p .
 
American start-ups go offshore.  Try Corio (is Corio really a start-up?), CollabNet, Aarohl, Infinera, and many others.  See http://tinyurl.com/3wm3o .  Another good article with a BPO spin in Venture Capital Journal, http://tinyurl.com/4rfsa .
 
Offshorings mixed results.  "Vietnam and Myanmar were also in demand ..."  Really?  See http://tinyurl.com/647ap .
 
Looking for SI partners?  Kennedy ranks the largest firms.  As I've said in the past, I like their reports.  (No, I don't get a cut.)  Satyam and TCS didn't make the grade, though.  See http://tinyurl.com/4s965 .
 
Another challenge to conventional outsourcing and offshoring "wisdom."   "Services-driven development models, such as the one at work in India, broaden the global competitive playing field.  As a result, new pressures are brought to bear on hiring and real wages in the developed world - pressures that are not inconsequential in shaping the jobless recoveries unfolding in high-cost wealthy nations.  For those in the developed world, successful services- and manufacturing-based development models in heavily populated countries such as India and China - pose the toughest question of all: what about us?"  For more, see http://tinyurl.com/4acm4 .
 
Forget the Golden Triangle.  How about China + India vs. the world (or, sans the world)?  "Newspaper headlines portray China as the world's manufacturing base for low-cost goods, like clothing and shoes, and India as the global IT monopoly-to-be.  Unfortunately, media outside Asia have failed to acknowledge the growing partnership between the two giants."  "Given the complementary nature of their economies and the size of their markets (nearly 2.2 billion people in total), the nascent cooperation between the two holds the potential to dramatically alter the world trade balance.  A perusal of the Shanghai technology corridor reveals a hint of the countries' industrial interconnectedness.  Walk through one of the main complexes in Shanghai's Pudong Software Park, and you will see a prominently displayed sign for Infosys, one of India's most respected IT firms.  The same complex also holds Satyam, the first of India's software service companies to set up offices in Shanghai.  Nearby are the headquarters of the largest software services company in Asia, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), which currently runs an outsourcing center for GE in the town of Hangzhou.  TCS is owned by the Tatas, one of India's most prominent business families.  Across the river is NIIT, the principal software training center in India's private sector.  NIIT, operating in China since 1998, now runs an extensive two-year course in 25 provinces, training around 20,000 students to be software professionals.  There is widespread speculation that Wipro, India's only giant IT firm without a presence in the city, will establish a Shanghai office very soon.  It is no surprise that Indian software companies are setting up in China. They, like everyone else, sense great opportunity in one of the largest, fastest-growing economies in the world."  (Bold is my emphasis.)  All true, and they even forget MphasiS.  See one of my must-read sources, YaleGlobalhttp://tinyurl.com/6ltaz .
 
The partnering wave of the future.  I've talked about this many times in previous postings.  This time CTG dances with Polaris Software.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tbqd .
 
CMMi:  The key to success.  A little simplistic and uses incorrect definitions, but still worth reading.  See http://tinyurl.com/4gp9u .
 
 
 
 
 
How about Microsoft vs. China in an AO "Grudge Match"?  See a lengthy article in CFO titled, "Does Microsoft need China?"; link at http://tinyurl.com/476bo .  China: The champion of open source!!
 
 
Business creativity 101.  "A new book from Wharton School Publishing, The Power of Impossible Thinking by Jerry Wind and Colin Crook prompts you to rethink your mental models and transform them to help you achieve new levels of creativity. In this book, the authors give a set of guidelines on how to see differently."  Examples:  Listen to the radicals; embark on journeys of discovery; look across disciplines.  See http://tinyurl.com/6fvo8 .
 
The innovator's battle plan.  "Great firms can be undone by disruptors who analyze and exploit an incumbent's strengths and motivations.  From Clayton Christensen's new book Seeing What's Next."  GREAT stuff (although John Dvorak won't like it).  What about asymmetric warfare theories applied to the realm of corporate innovation and creativity?  Just a thought ...  See http://tinyurl.com/6mbcy .
 
Your next competitors?  Have you thought about Senegal, Uganda, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, especially in the BPO space?  See http://tinyurl.com/5h93z .
 
Message to product companies: go sell services!!  Interesting take from a VMI perspective.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tqrt .
 
Don't know much about bloggin'?  Good take on the various types of corporate blogs.  See http://tinyurl.com/6my29 .
 
Urls as web services?  You have to read it to get it.  Might be a bit too much for the uninitiated ...  See http://tinyurl.com/563gm .
 
Joel is back and blogging!!  Joel takes on Jakob Nielsen in "it's not just usability."  See http://tinyurl.com/6msmm .
 
How about open source software for HPC?  See http://tinyurl.com/5qzleWARNING: Geek alert, geek alert!!
 
Saving the best for last: a piece on Woz.  See http://tinyurl.com/4szjf .
 
TTFN.  Expect a urls update before I go back to the States.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
http://tinyurl.com/2azkh (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW)
http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
 
 
To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

          [news] "2004 State of Application Development"        
Friday, August 13, 2004
Dateline: China
 
Special issues of journals and magazines are often quite good -- if you're into the subject matter.  But the current issue of VARBusiness is absolutely SUPERB!!  EVERY SYSTEMS INTEGRATOR SHOULD READ IT ASAP -- STOP WHAT YOU'RE DOING AND READ THIS ISSUE!!  (Or, at the very least, read the excerpts which follow.)  See http://tinyurl.com/6smzu .  They even have the survey results to 36 questions ranging from change in project scope to preferred verticals.  In this posting, I'm going to comment on excerpts from this issue.  My comments are in blue.  Bolded excerpted items are MY emphasis.
 
The lead article and cover story is titled, "The App-Dev Revolution."  "Of the solution providers we surveyed, 72 percent say they currently develop custom applications or tailor packaged software for their customers. Nearly half (45 percent) of their 2003 revenues came from these app-dev projects, and nearly two-thirds of them expect the app-dev portion of total revenue to increase during the next 12 months."  I view this as good news for China's SIs; from what I've observed, many SIs in China would be a good fit for SIs in the U.S. looking for partners to help lower their development costs.  "By necessity, today's solution providers are becoming nimbler in the software work they do, designing and developing targeted projects like those that solve regulatory compliance demands, such as HIPAA, or crafting wireless applications that let doctors and nurses stay connected while they roam hospital halls."  Have a niche; don't try to be everything to everyone.  "Nine in 10 of survey respondents said their average app-dev projects are completed in less than a year now, with the smallest companies (those with less than $1 million in revenue) finishing up in the quickest time, three months, on average."  Need for speed.  "The need to get the job done faster for quick ROI might explain the growing popularity of Microsoft's .Net framework and tools.  In our survey, 53 percent of VARs said they had developed a .Net application in the past 12 months, and 66 percent of them expect to do so in the coming 12 months."  My Microsoft build-to-their-stack strategy.  "Some of the hottest project areas they report this year include application integration, which 69 percent of VARs with between $10 million or more in revenue pinned as their busiest area.  Other top development projects center around e-commerce applications, CRM, business-intelligence solutions, enterprisewide portals and ERP, ..."  How many times have I said this?    "At the same time, VARs in significant numbers are tapping open-source tools and exploiting Web services and XML to help cut down on expensive software-integration work; in effect, acknowledging that application development needs to be more cost-conscious and, thus, take advantage of open standards and reusable components.  Our survey found that 32 percent of VARs had developed applications on Linux in the past six months, while 46 percent of them said they plan to do so in the next six months.  The other open-source technologies they are using today run the gamut from databases and development tools to application servers."  I guess there's really an open source strategy.  I come down hard on open source for one simple reason:  I believe that SIs in China could get more sub-contracting business from a build-to-a-stack strategy.  And building to the open source stack isn't building to a stack at all!!  "As a business, it has many points of entry and areas of specialization.  Our survey participants first arrived in the world of app dev in a variety of ways, from bidding on app-dev projects (45 percent) to partnering with more experienced developers and VARs (28 percent) to hiring more development personnel (31 percent)."  For SIs in China, simply responding to end-user RFQs is kind of silly.  Better to partner on a sub-contracting basis.  "According to our State of Application Development survey, health care (36 percent), retail (31 percent) and manufacturing (30 percent) ranked as the most popular vertical industries for which respondents are building custom applications.  Broken down further, among VARs with less than $1 million in total sales, retail scored highest, while health care topped the list of midrange to large solution providers."  Because of regulatory issues, I'm not so keen on health care.  I'd go with manufacturing followed by retail.  My $ .02.  "When it comes to partnering with the major platform vendors, Microsoft comes out the hands-on winner among ISVs and other development shops.  A whopping 76 percent of developers in our survey favored the Microsoft camp.  Their level of devotion was evenly divided among small, midsize and large VARs who partner with Microsoft to develop and deliver their application solutions.  By contrast, the next closest vendor is IBM, with whom one in four VARs said they partner.  Perhaps unsurprisingly, the IBM percentages were higher among the large VAR category (those with sales of $10 million or more), with 42 percent of their partners coming from that corporate demographic.  Only 16 percent of smaller VARs partner with IBM, according to the survey.  The same goes for Oracle: One-quarter of survey respondents reported partnering with the Redwood Shores, Calif.-based company, with 47 percent of them falling in the large VAR category.  On the deployment side, half of the developers surveyed picked Windows Server 2003/.Net as the primary platform to deliver their applications, while IBM's WebSphere application server was the choice for 7 percent of respondents.  BEA's WebLogic grabbed 4 percent, and Oracle's 9i application server 3 percent of those VARs who said they use these app servers as their primary deployment vehicle."  Microsoft, Microsoft, Microsoft.  Need I say more?  See http://tinyurl.com/45z94 .
 
The next article is on open source.  "Want a world-class database with all the bells and whistles for a fraction of what IBM or Oracle want?  There's MySQL.  How about a compelling alternative to WebSphere or WebLogic?  Think JBoss.  These are, obviously, the best-known examples of the second generation of open-source software companies following in the footsteps of Apache, Linux and other software initiatives, but there are far more alternatives than these.  Consider Zope, a content-management system downloaded tens of thousands of times per month free of charge, according to Zope CEO Rob Page.  Some believe Zope and applications built with Zope are better than the commercial alternative they threaten to put out of business, Documentum.  Zope is also often used to help build additional open-source applications.  One such example is Plone, an open-source information-management system.  What began as a fledgling movement at the end of the past decade and later became known as building around the "LAMP stack" (LAMP is an acronym that stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP or Perl) has exploded to virtually all categories of software.  That includes security, where SpamAssassin is battling spam and Symantec, too.  Popular?  Well, it has now become an Apache Software Foundation official project.  The use of open source is so widespread that the percentage of solution providers who say they partner with MySQL nearly equals the percentage who say they partner with Oracle"23 percent to 25 percent, respectively.There are plenty of choices for those SIs willing to play the open source game.  See http://tinyurl.com/4e3c7 .
 
"It's all about integration" follows.  "There are many reasons for the surge in application-development projects (the recent slowdown in software spending notwithstanding).  For one, many projects that were put on hold when the downturn hit a few years ago are now back in play.  That includes enterprise-portal projects, supply-chain automation efforts, various e-commerce endeavors and the integration of disparate business systems."  Choose carefully, however.  Balance this data with other data.  Right now, I see a lot more play with portals and EAI.  "Indeed, the need for quality and timely information is a key driver of investments in application-integration initiatives and the implementation of database and business-intelligence software and portals.  A healthy majority of solution providers say application integration is a key component of the IT solutions they are deploying for customers.  According to our application-development survey, 60 percent say their projects involved integrating disparate applications and systems during the past 12 months."  "Some customers are moving beyond enterprise-application integration to more standards-based services-oriented architectures (SOAs).  SOAs are a key building block that CIOs are looking to build across their enterprises."  Anyone who regularly reads any one of my three IT-related blogs knows that I'm gung-ho on SOAs.  "Even if your customers are not looking for an SOA, integrating different systems is clearly the order of the day.  To wit, even those partners that say enterprise portals or e-business applications account for the bulk of their business note that the integration component is key."  Yes, integration, integration, integration.  I'll be saying this next year, too.  And the year after ...  "Another way to stay on top of the competition is to participate in beta programs."  Absolutely true -- and a good strategy, too.  See http://tinyurl.com/6x2gg .
 
The next article is on utility computing versus packaged softwareAgain, if you read what I write, you know that I'm also gung-ho on utility computing.  "According to VARBusiness' survey of application developers, more than 66 percent of the applications created currently reside with the customer, while 22 percent of applications deployed are hosted by the VAR.  And a little more than 12 percent of applications developed are being hosted by a third party.   Where services have made their biggest inroads as an alternative to software is in applications that help companies manage their customer and sales information.The article goes on to state that apps that are not mission-critical have the best chance in the utility computing space.  Time will tell.  Take note, however, that these are often the apps that will most likely be outsourced to partners in China.  "Simply creating services from scratch and then shopping them around isn't the only way to break into this area.  NewView Consulting is expanding its services business by starting with the client and working backward.  The Porter, Ind.-based security consultant takes whatever technology clients have and develops services for them based on need."   And focus on services businesses and .NET, too.  "Most application developers agree that services revenue will continue to climb for the next year or two before they plateau, resulting in a 50-50 or 60-40 services-to-software mix for the typical developer.  The reason for this is that while applications such as CRM are ideally suited to services-based delivery, there are still plenty of other applications that companies would prefer to keep in-house and that are often dependent on the whims of a particular company."  Still, such a split shows a phenomenal rise in the importance of utility computing offerings.  See http://tinyurl.com/54blv .
 
Next up:  Microsoft wants you!!  (Replace the image of Uncle Sam with the image of Bill Gates!!)  Actually, the article isn't specifically about Microsoft.  "Microsoft is rounding up as many partners as it can and is bolstering them with support to increase software sales.  The attitude is: Here's our platform; go write and prosper.  IBM's strategy, meanwhile, is strikingly different.  While it, too, has created relationships with tens of thousands of ISVs over recent years,  IBM prefers to handpick a relatively select group, numbering approximately 1,000, and develop a hand-holding sales and marketing approach with them in a follow-through, go-to-market strategy."  Both are viable strategies, but NOT both at the same time!!  "To be sure, the results of VARBusiness' 2004 State of Application Development survey indicates that Microsoft's strategy makes it the No. 1 go-to platform vendor among the 472 application developers participating in the survey.  In fact, more than seven out of 10 (76 percent) said they were partnering with Microsoft to deliver custom applications for their clients.  That number is nearly three times the percentage of application developers (26 percent) who said they were working with IBM ..."  Percentages as follows:  Microsoft, 76%; IBM, 26%; Oracle, 25%; MySQL, 23%; Red Hat, 17%; Sun, 16%; Novell, 11%; BEA, 9%.  I said BOTH, NOT ALL.  Think Microsoft and IBM.  However, a Java strategy could be BOTH a Sun AND IBM strategy (and even a BEA strategy).  See http://tinyurl.com/68grf .
 
There was another article I liked called, "How to Team With A Vendor," although it's not part of the app-dev special section per se.  This posting is too long, so I'll either save it for later or now note that it has been urled.  See http://www.furl.net/item.jsp?id=680282 .  Also a kind of funny article on turning an Xbox into a Linux PC.  See http://tinyurl.com/4mhn6 .  See also http://www.xbox-linux.org .
 
Quick note:  I'll be in SH and HZ most of next week, so I may not publish again until the week of the 23rd.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
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          [news] Cognizant & the "Intelligent Internet" + a Peek at 2005 IT Budgets (Part 2 of 2)        
Sunday, August 1, 2004
Dateline: China
 
Ah, the World Future Society.  Much to say about the WFS, but I'll save it for the end of this post.  An article which appears in the March-April 2004 issue of The Futurist was reprinted in a recent issue of Government Computer News (see http://tinyurl.com/yrp2w ); the original paper which was the basis for The Futurist article is also available (see http://tinyurl.com/5ymos ).  The article focuses heavily on findings from the TechCast Project at George Washington University (see http://www.techcast.org ; BTW, they're seeking beta testers).
 
The article acknowledges hype during the bubble, but goes on to indicate that 20 commercial aspects of Internet use should reach 30% "take-off" adoption levels over the next several years -- and will rejuvenate the (American) economy.  One area of particular interest is a "conversational" human-computer interface, called "TeleLiving," based on advances in speech recognition, AI, hardware/grid computing, virtual environments and flat wall monitors.  (Sounds like stuff out of PARC and Microsoft Research.)
 
Their Project results "portray a striking scenario in which the dominate forms of e-commerce - broadband, business-to-business (B2B), online finance, entertainment-on-demand, wireless, e-training, knowledge-on-demand, electronic public services, online publishing, e-tailing - grow from their present 5%-20% adoption levels to 30% between 2004 and 2010.  TechCast considers the 30% penetration level significant because this roughly marks the 'take-off point' when technologies move from their early-adopter phase into the mainstream, where they permeate economic and social life."  (Think of chasm crossing.  Also think of expeditionary marketing within the context of broadband.  BTW, bolded and colored items are MY emphasis.)
 
The authors discuss the notion that many think that the Internet is already mainstream, yet challenge that notion by stating that this is true only for nonpaying use, citing surfing for free information as one example.  "As of 2003, commercial operations involving monetary exchange were limited to about 23% for broadband, 10% for e-tailing, 12% for B2B, 10% for distance learning, and 5% for music.  And these are the most popular Internet applications.  Others hardly register in adoption levels at all."  Bottom line:  It's all about e-commerce, I guess.  Jerry Maguire said it best. 
 
A Look at 2005 IT Spending
 
Not as much as I had originally hoped for in the Forrester glimpse at 2005 IT budgets, but some things to note.  (See http://tinyurl.com/67pse .)  Example:  52% of finance and insurance firms -- led by insurers -- will spend more on IT in 2005.  Okay, sounds like an opportunity for SIs (systems integrators) building .NET solutions.  (For those who don't know, Microsoft has fairly strong solutions for the insurance vertical.)  At the subvertical level, media and nongovernment public sector plays look good, whereas the utilities and transportation sectors look weak.  Also, Siebel and PeopleSoft customers are planning to spend more on IT relative to customers of other key vendors, most notably SAP.  (I don't see this, but I don't dispute their data.  Frankly, I think we'll see a lot of activity for SAP SIs in 2005.  P'Soft is too hard to tell, especially with the confusion caused by Oracle.  Oracle benefits whether the acquisition goes through or not!!  It's the FUD factor.)
 
Not to be outdone, AMR came out with their peek at 2005 budgets for SMEs (small and medium enterprises).  (See http://tinyurl.com/5vlvo .  I got a lot more out of the AMR report.)  Something that is rather common knowledge among IT analysts, but may not be known by those not involved in the IT budgeting process, is that a typical large U.S. manufacturer spends 2% of its annual revs (i.e., revenues) on IT and a large service firm spends 5%.  However, the average for U.S. SMEs is 6.4% of revs, although a good chunk is for basic IT infrastructure.
 
CRM looks like a hot item for U.S. SMEs and the AMR report makes an interesting comment about the perceived need for other countries to implement a "keeping up with the Joneses" strategy.  This being said, then domestic firms in China may follow suit.  As far as operating systems are concerned, there is only one:  Windows.  And U.S. SMEs spend about 20% of their IT budget on software and software maintenance, with discrete manufacturers outspending process manufacturers or retailers.  Typical apps are for financial management and customer management, although expensive CRM suites (think Siebel or Oracle) are rare.  Sounds like an opportunity for utility computing vendorsBottom line:  If the SMEs market is your key market (by size), then go with Microsoft CRM solutions!
 
Fast Forward Over Three Decades
 
At this point, I'm going to get a bit personal.  If you're not interested, simply skip the remainder of this message:  It briefly covers three decades and my so-called "futurist" origins.
 
The first "adult" organization I ever joined was the World Future Society.  (Remember, the basis for the first section of this posting was an article published in their flagship publication, The Futurist.)  The year was 1971.  I had been an adolescent "futurist" since March 1968, the month that my father bought me a copy of Sky & Telescope magazine.  Although the Vietnam War was on the news each night, I was simply too young for it to really matter.  Both the war and protests against the war were merely uninspiring TV images.
 
But something caught my imagination and that "something" was the space program.  I can still recall the liftoff of Apollo 11 on July 16, 1969 at 6:32 am PDT.  Believe it or not, I can still recite the countdown.  I can also recite part of the landing sequence of the Eagle -- the Lunar Excursion Module housing Neil Armstrong and Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin.  And, of course, I can remember Neil Armstrong stepping off the foot of the LEM on July 20th, probably around 7 or 7:30 pm.  Two movies also inspired me toward a "tech" future:  The obvious, 2001: A Space Odyssey, and the not-so-obvious, The Andromeda Strain.  (My parents didn't let me stay up to watch Star Trek, so Star Trek didn't have any impact on my life during my early adolescence.)  Although I have been a member of the L-5 Society and the British Interplanetary Society (anyone remember Project Daedalus?), the World Future Society was the most influential organization in my life during my high school years.  Well, a wee bit of personal history.  Those were the good 'ol days ...
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
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          [news] A Special Report on Business Intelligence        
Thursday, July 8, 2004
Dateline: China
 
One of my favorite industry trades, Computerworld, recently published a special report on business intelligence (BI).  (See http://tinyurl.com/2w8j2 .)  As regular readers of this blog know, I'm hot, hot and hotter on BI.  Not only are BI apps booming in their own right, but BI also provides an open door into other structured data apps (e.g., ERP and SCM).  Also, there is a burgeoning number of apps requiring both BI and knowledge management (KM) solutions, providing a host of new opportunities.  (For now, think of BI for structured data and KM for unstructured data.  But the lines between KM and BI are blurring.)
 
The Computerworld report includes an introduction to BI titled, "BI for the Masses," an introduction to Web harvesting, and a superb article on text mining; there are several online exclusives as well.  In this post, I'm going to focus on an article titled, "Predictions for BI's Future," by providing excerpts with commentary.  As usual, items in bold are MY emphasis; items in red are MY commentary.
 
Embedded BI.  "Over the next four to six years, BI systems will become embedded in small, mobile devices, such as manufacturing sensors and PDAs in the field, which in turn will be linked to more centralized systems." -- Erik Thomsen, distinguished scientist, Hyperion Solutions Corp., Sunnyvale, Calif.
 
PB DM (petabyte data mining).  "Within three years, companies and governmental agencies will be able to successfully run analytics within a centralized data warehouse containing 1 petabyte or more of data -- without performance limitations." -- Dave Schrader, technology futurist, Teradata, a division of NCR Corp., El Segundo, Calif.
 
HPC to the rescue!  "Within the next two to three years, high-performance computing technology used by scientific and engineering communities and national R&D labs will make its way into mainstream business for high-performance business analytics. This transition will be driven by the growing volume of complex data and the pressing need for companies to use forecasting and predictive analytics to minimize risk and maximize profit-generating opportunities." -- Phil Fraher, chief operating officer, Visual Numerics Inc., San Ramon, Calif.
 
BI meets AI.  "In the near future, business leaders will manage by exception, and automated systems will handle significant loads of routine tasks." -- Mike Covert, chief operating officer, Infinis Inc., Columbus, Ohio
 
Visualization.  "Over the next two to three years, BI systems will automatically suggest appropriate visualizations, which in turn will dramatically increase the use of visualization and our understanding of complex relationships." -- Erik Thomsen, distinguished scientist, Hyperion Solutions
 
BI + BPM + BAM.  "Businesses need more than a rearview mirror to drive their business forward into the next era. A new category of intelligence tools will emerge over the next two to three years that combines business process management, business activity monitoring (BAM) and business intelligence to enable the "actively managed enterprise." This will combine the scorecards and rearview-analysis capabilities of BI with the real-time, event-driven analysis of BAM and feed that information into automated business processes for on-the-fly steering of the business towards scorecard goals. This will exponentially elevate the speed at which businesses are able to operate, adapt and make critical decisions." -- Tim Wolters, chief architect of business activity monitoring solutions, webMethods Inc., Fairfax, Va.
 
Bottom line:  Go to a BI-related ACM or IEEE CS conference and you'll hear a lot of presentations on all of the apps described above.  It's where the rubber meets the road:  This stuff is real!!  However, it's important to differentiate "real" BI with much more simplistic reporting software (like a good "chunk" of the so-called BI solutions provided by Business Objects, Cognos and even Microsoft -- via their recent acquisition of ActiveViews).
 
A BI Site to Review
 
Last week I came across a paper published in the current issue of the Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems.  In this paper the project called "Data Mining and Decision Support for Business Competitiveness: A European Virtual Enterprise" (SolEuNet) is used as a case study and "the source of lessons learned."  The paper provides a link to the SolEuNet Web site (see http://tinyurl.com/3x5vo ); at the SolEuNet site I found a wealth of case studies with supporting technical documents on leading-edge BI apps (see, for example, Workpackage 7 on "Combining Data Mining and Decision Support with Information Systems" at http://tinyurl.com/yqkqm ).  Remember, strategy consulting isn't merely about comparing product specs (regardless what the IT advisory services may say).
 
The Gartner Conference on BI
 
I got my hands on three i-banking analyst reviews of the Gartner BI conference.  The Morgan Stanley report (dated 27 April) noted that customer activity levels appeared to be strong and "many seem to be taking a more strategic approach to BI, resulting in the emergence of larger transactions."  (My emphasis.)  Corporate performance management (CPM) is driving some of the larger deals, with Cognos and Hyperion taking the lead.  Evidently, systems integrators (SIs) are getting religion and developing collaterals around CPM messaging.  RBC Dominion Securities produced a more in-depth report (dated 29 April) and noted the following:
  • Gartner expects the market to accelerate in 2004.
  • The ETL (extraction, transformation, and load) market will flatten (finally).
  • CPM is hot.  "Hyperion, Cognos, and SAS appeared to be the best positioned non-ERP vendors to capitalize on the CPM market opportunity."  However, "(they) believe that SAP is the best-positioned large enterprise software vendor to execute in both the BI and CPM market ..."
  • Finally, the Gartner BI conference itself was hot, with 973 attendees, an increase in attendance of 70% over last year.
UBS chimed in with their own report (dated 30 April), which in some ways was a bit more technical than the other two reports cited above.  UBS noted that heterogeneous environments require independent tools (e.g., it is very difficult to get heterogeneous data into an ERP data warehouse <DW>).  Gartner's rule of thumb is that an ERP-derived BI/DW solution should be on the short-list only if more than 60% of an organization's BI data resides within that single app vendorUBS also noted that the importance of BI is leading to the formation of BI competency centers.  They also believe that SAP and Microsoft remain significant long-term threats to the independent software vendors such as Cognos and Business Objects.  BTW, all three reports seemed a bit down on Business Objects.
 
Another Computerworld feature on BI
 
Sometimes advertorials can be a good thing.  A case in point is the 26 April issue of Computerworld which provides a link to a new, six page Computerworld White Paper on BI.  The paper is titled, "Charting the Course: A Guide to Evaluating Business Intelligence Products"; it's a good, practical read.  Tactical, product spec advice and guidelines, but still a good read.  The PDF can be found at http://tinyurl.com/2gt3d .
 
Recent Tidbits on BI
 
The New Straits Times (Malaysia) via Asia Africa Intelligence Wire reported on 24 June that SAS "expects the BI market in Asia to register double-digit growth for the next five years.  (Don Cooper Williams, director of marketing and alliances for SAS Asia-Pacific) cites a recent report from research house International Data Corp, which predicts that BI software market in the region (excluding Japan) to grow by 12 per cent this year, up from 7.5 per cent in 2003."  Note to SIs in China:  BI isn't just hot in the States; leverage your skills for serving the U.S. market and the domestic market.
 
From the channel, India Business Insight (also via Asia Africa Intelligence Wire) on 31 May announced that "Business Objects has entered into a long-standing systems integrator agreement with Wipro Infotech (WI) to provide business intelligence (BI) solutions to customers."  Note to SIs in China:  Don't be left without a dance partner.
 
Additional Articles for Review
 
I did a quick scan of trade lit and found a few articles worth reading.  First, the March-April issue of Financial Executive talks about CPM -- Corporate Performance Management -- as it relates to BI.  The May issue of Insurance & Technology takes a vertical look at BI (rather basic apps), as does the April issue of Business Credit.  Always think verticals.
 
A Final Wrap (or Should I Say, "Rap"?)
 
Back to Computerworld.  More specifically, see the 29 March issue of Computerworld.  According to a survey conducted by IBM Business Consulting Services, BI is a high priority on the plate of C-level execs.  In a Computerworld poll, 39% of IT executives listed business intelligence projects as their most critical IT projects.  By 2005, market research firm IDC projects that the worldwide market for business intelligence software will total about $6 billion -- up from $2.5 billion in 2003 -- signaling a major increase in business intelligence projects.  IT executives say the skills they need on business intelligence projects include systems integration, data modeling, database administration, data standardization and project management.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
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          [news] IT Spending Trends        
Tuesday, July 6, 2004
Dateline: China
 
A quick recap on IT spending trends from three recently published Smith Barney surveys.  The three reports are the May and June editions of their CIO Vendor Preference Survey and the 6 June issue of softwareWEEK.  Tom Berquist, my favorite i-banking analyst, was the lead for all three reports.  I have a backlog of blogs to write, so I'll use as many quotes as possible and add context where necessary.  (I'm mostly extracting from my smartphone bookmarks for these reports.  Warning:  I may have coded the May and June issues incorrectly, but the quotes are correct.)  NOTE:  Highlighted items (e.g., items in bold, like this sentence) are MY emphasis.  Items in red are my commentary.
 
Starting with the Survey editions, "(t)he strongest areas of spending appear to be software (apps, security, storage, and database) and network equipment/apps (Gigabit Ethernet, WLAN, VPNs)" and regarding software, "larger and more well known vendors continue to dominate the list in each category with vendors such as Microsoft, SAP, IBM, Veritas, Symantec and Computer Associates getting significantly more mentions in each of their groups than the remaining vendors did."  However, the report admits that their sample group might be biased.  Yes, vendors matter -- and so do vendor partnering strategies.  However, I'm a bit skeptical about CA and I don't particular care very much for Veritas or Symantec.  Not my part of the universe.
 
"Applications again stand out as a clear area of strength."  "Within applications, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Supply Chain Management (SCM), Customer Relationship Management (CRM) and Business Intelligence (BI) all showed extremely well ..."  Well, this is the first sign that a recovery may be in the making for SCM.  However, I'd emphasize BI and ERP, followed by CRM; don't count on a lot happening in the SCM space just yet.  Some other key surveys do NOT validate that SCM is in recovery.  "In terms of specific vendors, Microsoft, Symantec, Veritas, SAP, and Adobe were the top beneficiaries of CIOs intentions to increase spending."  The report continues that only SAP showed statistically significant results, both in ERP and SCM.  "Results were more mixed for best-of-breed vendors in this area, suggesting that horizontal applications vendors are having a tough time competing with the large ERP vendors even as vertically-focused vendors continue to have some measure of success on this front."  For the more adventurous SIs in China, SAP presents a lot of opportunities.  Tread carefully, though.  And "Adobe's enterprise strategy appears to be gaining momentum.  Adobe was a clear standout in content management ..."  "Survey results were also positive (though somewhat less so) for other leading content management players, notably Microsoft and IBM."  Another "win" for Microsoft.  Funny that none of the traditionally leading content management players were mentioned.  A take on Linux:  "Linux continues to garner mind share, but large enterprises remain the main adopter.  Interestingly, nearly 83% of our respondents stated that they were not currently moving any applications to Linux.  Of the 17% that said they were moving applications to Linux, only one company under $1.0 billion in revenue was making the transition to Linux confirming our views that Linux is primarily being used by large companies to shift Unix applications to Linux on Intel."
 
"Among CIOs who indicated a higher level of consulting spend, IBM was the clear winner, followed by Accenture as a distant second.  Unisys was also mentioned as a vendor being considered, but it was a distant third.  However, we note that Unisys being mentioned ahead of a pure-play consultant like BearingPoint (a low number of mentions, which included mentions of decreased spending) or EDS is positive, given that Unisys chooses to focus in 2 specific verticals, including one-public sector-that was not in the survey."  "Over two-thirds of CIOs indicated that they do not use IT outsourcers.  Most of the rest said they were unlikely to change the level of outsourcing spend.  IBM, ACS and CSC were the only vendors explicitly mentioned as likely to get more outsourcing business."  The "two-thirds" figure will likely change in favor of outsourcing.  This trend is fairly clear.  See a BCG report at http://tinyurl.com/2muy8 , although the report takes a relatively broad perspective.
 
From softwareWEEK, "(t)he CIOs were also very focused on rapid 'time to market' with purchases.  None were interested in starting projects that would take greater than 2 quarters to complete."  "This requirement was not a 'payback' requirement, but rather an implementation time frame requirement.  The CIOs did recognize that payback times could be longer, though the payback times on IT utility spending were much shorter than on applications or emerging area spending."
 
"In terms of spending, the CIOs all used a similar methodology for making decisions that essentially divides their IT spending into one of three categories: 1) sustained spending on their 'IT utility' (i.e., infrastructure such as network equipment, servers, storage, databases, etc.); 2) new project spending on applications (business intelligence, portals, CRM, etc.); and 3) investment spending on select emerging areas (grid/utility computing, identity management, collaboration, etc.)  It was pretty obvious that the CIOs recognized that business unit managers were more interested in spending on new applications/emerging areas than on the IT utility ..."  "(S)ome of the CIOs were experimenting with grid/utility computing initiatives to try to increase their utilization of storage/servers and reduce the amount of new equipment to be purchased.  In one example, a CIO showed their storage/server utilization around the world and many regions were in the 50% or worse bucket for average utilization.  Their goal was to use grid computing architectures and storage area networks (along with faster communication links) to better share the pool of resources."  Yes, this is it!!  Take this to heart!!  If you think grid and utility computing are Star Trek stuff, think again.
 
"In terms of new projects, the CIOs mentioned they were spending on business intelligence, portal/self-service applications, CRM, and collaboration.  Collaboration was a heated discussion, with all CIOs commenting that this was a big problem for them and there was no clear solution on the market.  While it wasn't completely clear to the audience what the CIOs were looking for in a collaboration solution, the elements that were described included: more intelligent email, corporate instant messaging, web conferencing, integrated voice over IP with instant messaging (so that a conversation could quickly shift from typing to talking), and collaborative document editing (spreadsheets, presentations, publications, etc.).  Within the business intelligence arena, business activity monitoring was discussed as was building of enterprise data warehouses/data marts.  The portal/self-service applications being built or deployed were primarily for customer and employee self-service (remote access to email, applications, and files was a big deal for all of the companies).  On the CRM front, the discussion from one CIO was around their need to increase revenues and manage channel conflict better."  [I'll be posting to this blog a bit more about collaboration opportunities over the next week.]
 
"While vendors were not discussed in any detail during the panel, the CIOs did say that they remain open to working with smaller vendors (public and private) as long as they have plenty of relevant references (in their industry, particularly with close competitors) and they offer a compelling value proposition versus larger vendors.  One CIO stated that they get called by 20 startups a week to sell products to them, but most of them cannot articulate the value proposition of their product.  Nonetheless, the CIO does take 5 meetings a month from startups because some of them are working on things that are interesting to the business."
 
Whew ...  Lots of good materials.  To reiterate, all highlighted items are my emphasis.  Bottom line:  The market is heating up.  Get your ISV relationships in place.  Pick your verticals (see the "Tidbit on Microsoft" which follows).  Pick your apps -- and the apps I like the best are content management and BI, although ERP is looking good, too.  Collaboration can be a major source of revenue if the SI can provide a truly effective solution.
 
Tidbits on Microsoft
 
A quick update on some happenings in the Redmond universe.  (See http://tinyurl.com/36xgu ; the article is titled, "Microsoft focuses on its enterprise-applications business".)  First, app areas that are of particular interest to MS include those for manufacturing and life sciences.  So, how about a MS build-to-their-stack strategy focused on either of these two verticals?  Second, MS is moving beyond purely horizontal offerings to very specific functionality.  Their Encore acquisition is an example of MS moving in this direction.  Finally, new releases of all four of Microsoft's ERP product lines are due for this year.  Not surprisingly, MBS marketing is up 20% from FY04.  Hmmm ... ERP spending intentions are strong and MS is a key player in this space -- with several updated offerings scheduled for release this year.  Another opportunity?
 
Tidbits on Infosys
 
Infosys formally enters the IT strategy consulting biz.  (See http://tinyurl.com/2xxlo .)  Yes, it was inevitable.  In April Infosys Consulting, Inc. was formed and, "(i)t's no secret that the winning model will be high-end business consulting combined with high-quality, low-cost technology delivery done offshore," according to Stephen Pratt, the head of Infosys' consulting unit.  The Infosys Consulting unit now has 150 employees in the States and plans to expand to 500 within three years.  Note to SIs in China:  You need more -- a lot more -- IT strategy types  And you need people in the States (at least on an "as needed" basis) in order to capture -- and serve -- new accounts.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
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http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
 
To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

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          Staff mobility at the Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic         

Sina Seipel - Doctoral Student at the Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business, Department of Textile Technology

Dobrý den! (Hello!)

In September I had the opportunity to take part in the Erasmus+ staff mobility program for training. For my exchange I chose the Technical University of Liberec, which was founded in 1953 with a background in mechanical and textile engineering. Today the university has 7 faculties and a total number of approx. 10 000 students. 
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering 
  • Faculty of Textile Engineering 
  • Faculty of Science-Humanities and Education 
  • Faculty of Economics 
  • Faculty of Arts and Architecture 
  • Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Inter-Disciplinary Studies
  • Faculty of Health Studies

As I am a doctoral student in the field of Textile Material Technology I visited the Department of Material Engineering at the Faculty of Textile Engineering to learn more about the characterisation of smart dyes applied on textiles with spectrophotometry. The department is, among other areas, specialised in colorimetry and the development of textile sensorical systems based on smart materials. Their educational and research activities are in large extent compatible but at the same time very much complementing to the specialisation of my doctoral field. This match made it ideal for me to learn more in depth about spectrophotometry and its application for photochromic textile materials. Throughout my stay I could gather a lot of new knowledge and ideas by job shadowing of lab work and participating in group workshops and presentations together with the professors Martina Viková and Michal Vik, doctoral students of the department and an exchange student from Turkey. Eventually, I also did some hands-on work at the measurement instrument to get practical experience. 

Research group meeting
Spectrophotometric measurement of photochromic prints 

The city of Liberec is the former textile center of the Czech Republic and lies in the very North of the country. It is not only comparable to BorÃ¥s because of its textile background, but also in size and landscape-wise. With round about 100 000 inhabitants Liberec is the the third largest city in Bohemia with only Prague and Plzeň being larger. Liberec is surrounded by mountains from northeast and southwest with the river Lusatian Neisse flowing through it. For the textile industry it was essential to have access to a river for the production. The climate in the area was ideal for flax to grow, which was the reason for linen weaving mills and cloth manufactures to arise during the 16th century. In the late 19th century, the textile industry and the city's wealth had reached its peak. During this time countless villas and the beautiful town hall were built. 

Villa area around the university 
Former textile worker accommodation area
Liberec town hall 

The city is also known for its abundant sports activities that the beautiful surrounding nature invites to: mountain biking, trail running, paddling, cross country skiing and much more. One of my first impressions of the life in Liberec was when I passed by a nearby lake. The local kayaking club was training for a competition which took place the next weekend, children were swimming in the lake and playing by the beach and at the shore was an inviting restaurant where people enjoyed some food and a refreshing drink (in Sweden it is called beer, but in the Czech Republic it is more referred to as water). I liked the mix of all leisure activities at the same time and felt invited to join in one way or another. 

Kayak training at lake Harcov
A proper glass would have made it perfect 

On the weekend I could not hold myself back from doing what I love to do in my free time - compete in running. On a chilly and rainy Sunday, I took part in a mountain race at Liberec's famous landmark and local mountain Ještěd: 20 km and 1350 m of elevation. Unfortunately, the day was too misty so I could not enjoy the view when I reached the top, but I was very happy anyways when I reached the finish line.

Ještěd peak and tower
Start of Ještěd half marathon
Tired but happy me 

Overall, I am glad for the experiences that I have made during the three weeks in Liberec - both educational and cultural. I am thankful for the knowledge and new perspectives to look at my field of doctoral studies that I have learned from the staff at the Faculty of Textile Engineering. This exchange was important for me as a young researcher and teacher to get to know practices at other educational institutions. Furthermore, I hope that this stay can strengthen collaborations and exchanges between our research teams in the future. And last but not least, I am happy for the personal experience. To stay in a different country, to meet new people and to get to know a new culture is always enriching and nothing I want to miss in life. 


Sina Seipel


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          51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best? A. A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits. B. Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time. C. Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan. D. A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.         

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that: A. you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B. the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80. C. you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours. D.         

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel. A. physical, digital B. e-commerce, digital C. physical, financial D. digital, e-commerce E. digital, physical        

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________. A. Tracking cookies B. Web data C. Information D. Clickstream data E. Hyperlink data        

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information. A. regionalization B. globalization C. nationalization D. business environment         

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.