Stone Smoked Vanilla Bean 22oz        
Stone Smoked Vanilla Bean Porter

Stone Smoked Vanilla Bean

In 2006, almost exactly 10 years after we first released Stone Smoked Porter, Stone Small Batch Brewer Laura Ulrich had a brilliant idea: What if she added whole Madagascar vanilla beans to a small batch of the finished beer? And voilá, Stone Smoked Por..

Price: $7.99


          Latitude 33 Vanillas Porter 22        
Latitude 33 Vanillas Porter

Latitude 33 Vanilla's Porter


A delicious vanilla porter inspired by the melting pot that is America. Loosely based on an English porter but spiced up with whole vanilla beans from Mexico and Madagascar, it’s a deep, rich brown with a mocha head and plenty of luscious vanill..

Price: $5.99


          Commenti su #AperiFoto: il Madagascar di Luciano Caporale [martedì 15 marzo] di Driving in Addis: una serata con Giorgio Cosulich de Pecine – Associazione Fotografica Grigio18%        
[…] Vi ricordiamo che il prossimo appuntamento con la nostra Associazione sarà per l’#aperiFoto di martedì 15 marzo con Luciano Caporale che proietterà “Gli occhi del Madagascar… […]
          PLANÈTE URGENCE lance les tribus solidaires!        
LANCEMENT DE LA TRIBU SOLIDAIRE DE PLANTEURS D'ARBRES

www.monarbre-matribu.com
by PLANÈTE URGENCE

EN FAMILLE, ENTRE AMIS, ENTRE VOISINS,
AVEC 1€, JE PLANTE UN ARBRE
AU MALI, A MADAGASCAR OU EN INDONESIE

Le principe:
C'est très simple : le site
www.monarbre-matribu.com permet à chacun de créer une tribu solidaire (entre amis, en famille, entre collègues, entre voisins …) pour planter des arbres en Indonésie, au Mali et à Madagascar. A l'heure où l'environnement et l'écologie sont dans tous les discours, monarbre-matribu.com propose un moyen :
Accessible – Concret – Communautaire - Ludique

ACCESSIBLE:
Avec 1 euro, 1 arbre est planté.

AGIR CONCRÈTEMENT:
Via ce don vous contribuez au développement économique et écologique des populations locales concernées par le programme de reforestation de PLANÈTE URGENCE en Indonésie, au Mali et à Madagascar.

AGIR ENSEMBLE:
Faites passer le mot, vous pourrez créer un véritable réseau de planteurs d'arbres. On plante, on donne et on le fait savoir autour de soi pour développer sa tribu solidaire.

LUDIQUE:
Personnalisez votre arbre : donnez lui un nom, rejoignez ou créez votre propre tribu et suivez virtuellement l'évolution de votre plantation.

Lancé à l'initiative de PLANETE URGENCE , ONG de solidarité internationale, en collaboration avec l'agence de communication Divine et la société Trad Online, le site www.monarbre-matribu.com est une plateforme de don grand public qui s'inscrit dans une véritable tendance de solidarité.
Pour que chacun puisse contribuer à son échelle à un problème qui nous concerne tous.

PLANÈTE URGENCE
«Agir pour l'homme dans son environnement»
www.planete-urgence.org

CONTACT PRESSE :
Karine NIEGO – 01 43 40 83 41
kniego@planete-urgence.org
Claire LECOUTEUX – 01 43 40 83 41 clecouteux@planete-urgence.org

--
Contact Presse:
PLANETE URGENCE
Karine Niego
01 43 40 83 41
www.planete-urgence.org
Profil du diffuseur : http://www.categorynet.com/reseaucategorynet/profile?userid=54108


--

Communiqué envoyé le 11.05.2010 12:09:26 via le site Categorynet.com dans la rubrique Environnement

Diffuser votre communiqué de presse : http://www.diffuseruncommuniquedepresse.com/

          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Up And Coming International Vacation Spots        
Things change fast in the international world of travel. From time to time, there are fairly untouched gems, like Mozambique 15 years ago or Cuba 10 years ago. For very different reasons, Germany, Argentina, the Philippines, and Madagascar are destinations to consider or re-consider for your up-and-coming vacation bucket list.
          Degrading the Amazon harms us        
SUBHEAD: Deforestation of Brazil  and resulting climate change endangers humanity.

By Dahr Jamail on 7 August 2017 for Truth Out -
(http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/41520-deforestation-and-climate-disruption-are-degrading-the-amazon-endangering-our-survival)


Image above: In 2014 Brazil refused to join pledge to end deforestation. Photo by Greenpeace. From (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-29338413).

Warwick Manfrinato, the director of Brazil's Department of Protected Areas, has a deep understanding of biological interdependence, as well as its importance.

"If we are of utter service to nature, then we provide the benefits to all other living things on the planet," Manfrinato told Truthout in his office at Brazil's capital city recently. "I have the same value as a human as a jaguar has in nature, and both should be protected, otherwise we all go extinct, no matter what."

Manfrinato, whose department falls within the Secretariat of Biodiversity in Brazil's Ministry of Environment, is working on a variety of projects, including the establishment of a whale sanctuary that will cover the better part of the entire South Atlantic Ocean between Brazil's vast coastal area all the way across to the west coast of Africa. And on June 23, he and his colleagues launched a national "Corridors Program," with the goal of fostering "connectivity and genetic flux."

"We know the flow of genetics in biomes [biological systems] in life is critical," Manfrinato said. "We have to re-establish this, so a jaguar that exists in Mexico should be able to come all the way here without being killed. Physical connectivity allows for genetic connectivity. A monkey should be able to travel from one part of Brazil to another, without having to pass through land that has been cleared, where there is no forest."

Manfrinato's colleague, Everton Lucero, who is Brazil's secretary for Climate Change and Environmental Quality, was blunt with Truthout about what could happen if dramatic action is not taken to address the impacts of anthropogenic climate disruption (ACD).

"The worst-case IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projection] is 4.5C by 2100, but at local levels here we see very different impacts already, and are already even seeing an 8C increase in places," Lucero told Truthout.

Manfrinato echoes this: The crisis, he says, has already arrived.

"Everything that is bad has already happened," he explained. "We've come to terms with who we are, and we are those who destroy the planet. We've already destroyed it."

Because of this, Manfrinato believes we already know what needs to be done.

"If we're going to look for solutions, we have to look for the solution for the complexity, not one individual thing," he said. "If there is no connectivity, there is nothing. And that is why I'm busy with building corridors of biodiversity."

He has his work cut out for him. But he's not alone: Many people are working toward similar goals in the Amazon.

A Giant Water Pump

The Amazon is one of the most critically important ecosystems on Earth, and certainly the most biodiverse. It is the world's single largest rainforest, as it is larger than the next two largest rainforests -- the Congo Basin and Indonesia -- combined.

The Amazon River is by far the world's largest river by volume, and has more than 1,100 tributaries, 17 of which are each longer than 1,000 miles. The Amazonian water system is so massive and complex that it influences rainfall patterns as far away as the US, and 70 percent of South America's gross domestic product is produced in areas that receive precipitation influenced by the Amazon.

Brazil's role in protecting the Amazon is critical, given that two-thirds of the rainforest is located within Brazil's borders.

In order to get a sense of the connections between Amazon protection and water issues, Truthout met with Fabio Eno, the coordinator for the Natural Sciences Unit of UNESCO in Brazil, in his office in the capital.

Eno thinks it is more than timely that Brazil happens to be hosting the World Water Forum in March 2018.

"Water and drought are critical issues here now, which is so ironic since Brazil is hosting this huge event on water next year, and we are facing water crisis in some of the largest cities here," Eno told Truthout. "What we are seeing in Brazil is that climate change has been and continues to be very clearly visible."

He pointed out that in Brasilia, where there used to be very clearly demarcated dry and rainy seasons, they are now imbalanced: The dry season is starting earlier, and there is less rain during the rainy season. This is a reflection of the progression of climate-related changes in the country.

"In the south, well known for rice production, which has high water consumption, they are facing more droughts and this is affecting local farmers," Eno explained. "States in the northeast are now more intensely affected by the dry season, so we see clearly the effects of climate change in all portions of Brazil."

Eno noted that the impacts have been so intense that Brazil has been caught unprepared, and sees this shift in climate as having contributed to a major international health crisis: Zika virus.

"With the major drought recently in Sao Paolo, people were encouraged to store water in basins in their residence, and even in their toilets," he said. "Then, not coincidentally, we have Zika virus outbreaks that came about the same year Sao Paolo was storing so much more water. People were storing water in every way they could after what happened, but weren't taking necessary care for safeguards. This caused a major international health issue."

Manfrinato sees water-related problems as the biggest climate disruption impacts humans have had.

"What differentiates this planet from every other planet is liquid water," he explained. "It has taken Earth millions of years to find the right balance of liquid water, and people don't understand how important that is and are messing it up with their greed and ambition, of which awareness is far more important."

Manfrinato explains that as humans have "fooled around" with temperature, they have shaken the very foundation of biology.

"Fooling around with water is impossible, as that is the tree of the fruit of life," Manfrinato said. "You mess with it, you mess with everything ... and we've already messed with it."

Lucero also underscored the Amazon's critical role in the watery realms, especially regionally. The rainforest, he said, provides "flying rivers" -- massive amounts of air-borne moisture that develop above the canopy and move with the clouds and rainfall patterns across South America.

"If you remove the forest, you will cause extreme drought in other regions," he told Truthout.

But he says that biodiversity is the Amazon's biggest contribution to the world -- and is the most important reason to care for the rainforest.

"The forest itself is suffering from climate change, as are other biomes," he said. "Variability of climate is affecting the forest from increasing flooding and wildfires, which may, in a doomsday scenario, compromise the entire forest."

Manfrinato sees humans as part of the ecosystem, and an integral part at that, but most assuredly not the apex.

"What is required is a shift of awareness of our being part of nature," he said. "The apex is the complexity. Humans are not the apex, and the awareness that comes from this is how dynamic the system is that allows for all of life on Earth.... It'll do this as long as we allow it to do so."

Manfrinato is deeply passionate about his work, and in the discussion, sounds as much like a philosopher for the planet as Brazil's director of protected areas.

"We need to respect complexity in order to survive as a species," he said. "Everybody and everything wins, or everybody and everything loses if we hold onto this lack of awareness that the complexity is the most important thing. Your apex contribution is to be aware of the complexity, and then to protect it."

Brazil's Forest Code

Many people are acutely aware that there is a massive problem with deforestation in the Amazon. Beginning in 2004, however, deforestation started to decline in the Amazon, primarily because of better protection policies in Brazil. However, the last two years have seen a dramatic increase again. Brazil's government has been in crisis, and monitoring and enforcement have been stymied, allowing for a resurgence.

Fabio Feldmann served in Brazil's parliament for 12 years in the 1980s and 1990s. He is famous for helping to bring positive changes to the forest code -- protections for the Amazon -- into Brazil's constitution in 1988.

"The single most important issue facing Brazil is protecting all of the critical biomes," Feldmann told Truthout during an interview at his home in Sao Paolo. "If you destroy the Amazon region in Peru, you have a great impact in Brazil, and vice versa."

He explained that there is currently only weak collaboration between the countries in South America regarding the Amazon, and this is a problem.

"When I was elected, there was a radical change [in consciousness] about environmental areas," he said. "But this design has not been translated into effective public policies, so now our generation must reflect about what our legacy is to be because right now the deforestation rates in the Amazon are unbelievably high, after so many years."

Feldmann said he is optimistic, and cites heightened public awareness about the land today as compared to 30 years ago. However, he asked, "Do we have time to do what must be done?"

Clayton Lino is president of the Biosphere Reserve Association of Brazil and is a member of the advisory committee for UNESCO's Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve. Truthout interviewed him at his office in the Biosphere Reserve of the Mata Atlantica rainforest in Sao Paolo, a beautifully forested island in the middle of the sprawling polluted city.

"We are under attack daily, because we have laws in the process of being made that destroy other laws that were there to protect the land," Lino said.

This is important to understand, Lino said, because there is so much international pressure on the Brazilian government to continue deforesting. Cattle ranching accounts for roughly 70 percent of the total deforestation in Brazil, and the demand for Brazilian beef in the US and Europe is driving that ranching.

"While local NGOs are working to protect the Amazon and the Mata Atlantica, we do not see any light now," he explained. "There is no international help, and the culture of corruption has infected many Brazilians now because corruption has come from the top down, so more and more people are starting to not respect basic laws."

He is so concerned because his beloved Mata Atlantica, the second biggest rainforest reserve in Brazil, is the most threatened area of rainforest in the world, second only to the Madagascar rainforest.

"We have more biodiversity here than even in the Amazon," he said while pointing out the window. "The Amazon is far bigger, but in the Mata ... we have more endemism [species that live only in one area] than anywhere else in the world."

Lino explained that fragmentation (isolating sections of the forest) is the primary problem in the Mata.

"There is high biodiversity and fragility, because if you destroy something in one place, it cannot come back in another area of the Mata," he said. "So, fragmenting it causes a very big problem."

Today, only 8 percent of the Mata Atlantica remains.

Caring as Protecting

"Without connectivity for evolutionary movement, it cannot proceed," Manfrinato explained of the natural corridors he is striving to create across his country. "This adaptation process needs north/south corridors, because species in the southern hemisphere need to migrate south, and in the north, they'll need to migrate northwards as global temperatures continue to increase."


Image above: Warwick Manfrinato, Director of Brazil's Department of Protected Areas, is working to reconnect all of the biodiversity corridors across the Amazon. Photo by Dahr Jamail. From original article.

Previous to his current job, Manfrinato was a member of the University of Sao Paolo's Amazon research group, which bore the idea of ecological corridors. This is why he was given the position he has in the government: to implement these ideas on the ground.

"Protection is connection, and vice versa; it has to be both," he said.

Claudio Angelo is the head of communications for Climate Observatory, an NGO. A former journalist, he now runs a news website for a vast network of 41 Brazilian NGOs which produces annual estimates of the country's greenhouse gas emissions.

Angelo explained to Truthout that observable shifts in rainfall patterns are now becoming common across the country, along with a shifting of the timings of the wet and dry seasons. Plus, like much of the world, Brazil is seeing far higher temperatures than ever before. He points to some farming regions that have already seen 6C increases.

"Brazil has warmed faster than the global average, since we are in the tropics," Angelo said. "Since 1961, it is 1C hotter in Brazil, and it took us half the time to warm the same as the rest of the world."

Angelo noted that the Amazon has seen two 100-year drought events (extreme drought events that only happen every 100 years) in a five-year period -- the first in 2005 and then another in 2010.

"The feedback mechanisms that exist between deforestation and climate change are my biggest concerns," he said. "Deforestation was 46 percent of our emissions last year, so our main focus is on mitigation. Hence, we are advocating for zero deforestation in Brazil."

Like Feldmann, Angelo had grown hopeful that his country was finally getting the deforestation of the Amazon under control, until recently.

"Over the last two years we saw this not to be the case, as we had a 60 percent increase in deforestation in just the last two years," he said. "Because of this, Brazil ranks in the top 10 [countries, in terms of] global greenhouse gas emissions."

When trees are chopped down, all the CO2 they sequestered from the atmosphere is released. Angelo pointed out the window and discussed the obvious changes.

"Brazil is still water rationing as we speak, after two record-drought years in a row," he explained. "2015 saw a 45-day heat wave. There is no way you can take off a huge chunk of some part of the planet and think it won't have a major impact on climate change."

As a climate journalist Angelo has reported from the Arctic, Greenland, Antarctica and deep into the Amazon. But right now, he is most struck by what he is seeing in his hometown of Brasilia. When he was a child, he remembers how cold it was in the evenings during the winter, and how summers were not as hot as they are now.

"The number of warm nights, when it is not below 20C, has increased 10 times more than it was 30 years ago," he lamented. "Most of the year here now it's just nasty. It's just hot, and it wasn't like this 20-30 years ago."

Personal experience plays a core role in Manfrinato's motivations, as well. He shared his experience from a recent long hike he'd taken that had a deep effect on his perception of the planet.

"It was in a newly protected area of Brazil and I came out of there feeling part of that place, meaning, that place is mine, and I'm going to protect it," he explained. "And so, we need everyone to start feeling that way about places ... about the planet. You belong to it because it belongs to you. You don't protect it because it belongs to everybody, you protect it because it belongs to you. The land belongs to me, because I belong to the land."

Manfrinato continues his work to reconnect wildlife habitat on the local levels. He aims to move it from local to regional connections, then regional to national, then across borders, then continental.

"We are promoting this internationally," Manfrinato said. "Because without reconnection, we will not survive."
.

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METZ, 15 nov 2007 (AFP) - 22h45
L'épouse d'un disparu mise en examen pour assassinat 11 mois après les faits

L'épouse d'un homme de 46 ans, disparu en décembre à son retour de Madagascar, où il résidait, a été mise en examen jeudi pour assassinat après avoir avoué avoir tué son mari il y a onze mois, a annoncé le procureur de Sarreguemines (Moselle) Michel Beaulier. Un des cinq enfants du couple, une fille mineure au moment des faits, présente dans le véhicule au moment du crime, a été mise en examen pour destruction d'éléments de preuve. Les deux femmes ont été placées sous mandat de dépôt, a déclaré le procureur Beaulier. Après cinq mois d'enquête, les gendarmes de Forbach ont interpellé l'épouse, âgée de 43 ans, qui a avoué au terme de sa garde à vue avoir tué son mari, Raphaël Lomoro, 46 ans, a expliqué M. Beaulier. Venue chercher son époux, qu'elle a décrit comme violent, à l'aéroport, Mme Lomoro a admis l'avoir tué après une discussion houleuse à l'aide d'un revolver alors que l'homme dormait à l'arrière de la voiture durant le trajet vers leur domicile de Folkling (Moselle), selon le magistrat. Elle aurait ensuite caché son cadavre, "réduit au niveau d'éléments fragmentaires", dans la propriété familiale, où des fouilles seront entreprises vendredi, a-t-on appris de même source. Un des cinq enfants du couple, une fille mineure au moment des faits, présente dans le véhicule au moment du crime, a été mise en examen pour destruction d'éléments de preuve. Les quatre autres ont été laissés "dans l'ignorance de ce qu'était devenu leur père", a dit M. Beaulier. Raphaël Lomoro, 46 ans, n'avait plus donné signe de vie depuis le 15 décembre dernier, alors qu'il revenait de Madagascar, où il résidait la plupart du temps depuis 2002. "On sait qu'il a débarqué à Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle. Depuis, il n'est pas réapparu", a indiqué M. Beaulier. La disparition de M. Lomoro, qui avait décidé de profiter de son "congé charbonnier" pour se lancer dans la culture et la récolte de la vanille dans l'océan Indien, n'avait été signalée qu'en juin par sa soeur, inquiète de ne pas avoir de ses nouvelles, a-t-il poursuivi. Sa femme, elle, "n'avait jamais manifesté d'inquiétude" et s'était au contraire comportée comme "quelqu'un plutôt assuré de ne jamais le revoir", en prélevant au besoin de l'argent sur les comptes de son mari, ce qu'elle ne faisait pas précédemment, a expliqué le procureur de Sarreguemines.

© 2007 AFP. Tous droits de reproduction et de représentation réservés. Toutes les informations reproduites dans cette rubrique (dépêches, photos, logos) sont protégées par des droits de propriété intellectuelle détenus par l'AFP. Par conséquent, aucune de ces informations ne peut être reproduite, modifiée, transmise, rediffusée, traduite, vendue, exploitée commercialement ou réutilisée de quelque manière que ce soit sans l'accord préalable écrit de l'AFP.

          Andrew Samonsky, Hannah Elless and Bryce Pinkham to Star in BENNY & JOON Musical at The Old Globe; Cast, Creatives Set!        

The Old Globe today announced the complete cast and creative team for the first show of its 2017-2018 Season, the world premiere musical Benny & Joon, with book by Kirsten Guenther, music by Nolan Gasser, and lyrics by Mindi Dickstein. Based on the beloved 1993 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer motion picture written by Barry Berman and Leslie McNeil, Benny & Joon is directed by Jack Cummings III, Artistic Director of New York's Transport Group.

It will run September 7 - October 22, 2017, on the Donald and Darlene Shiley Stage in the Old Globe Theatre, part of the Conrad Prebys Theatre Center. Previews run September 7 - 14, with opening night on Friday, September 15 at 8:00 p.m. Tickets start at $36 and go on sale to the general public on Friday, August 18 at 12:00 noon.

Benny & Joon is a delightful world premiere musical based on the beloved offbeat '90s romantic comedy movie. As Joon's sole caretaker, auto mechanic Benny makes sure his eccentric sister lives a comfortable, safe, and predictable life. But when Sam shows up, his off-kilter take on the world-full of classic films, Buster Keaton, and an oddball approach to domestic life-turns everything upside down. With unforgettable characters and a beguiling and tuneful score, Benny & Joon explores what happens when we step out of our comfort zones and take a leap toward love.

The cast features Andrew Samonsky (Broadway's South Pacific, Scandalous) as Benny, Hannah Elless (Bright Star at the Globe and on Broadway) as Joon, and Bryce Pinkham (Tony Award nominee for Broadway's A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder) as Sam, along with Colin Hanlon (Broadway's Falsettos, In Transit) as Mike, January LaVoy (Enron on Broadway, Coraline Off Broadway) as Ruthie, Paolo Montalban (Globe's Allegiance, ABC's Cinderella with Brandy) as Larry, Natalie Toro (Broadway's A Tale of Two Cities, Les Misérables) as Dr. Cruz and Mrs. Smail, and Jason SweetTooth Williams (Disney's Freaky Friday at La Jolla Playhouse) as Waldo and Video Store Owner. Completing the cast as Understudies are San Diego local Katie Whalley Banville (Globe's A Doll's House, Playhouse's Freaky Friday and Escape to Margaritaville) and Jake Millgard (Globe/USD Shiley M.F.A. graduate, Globe's Guys and Dolls).

The creative team includes Scott Rink (Choreographer), Dane Laffrey (Scenic and Costume Design), R. Lee Kennedy (Lighting Design), Kai Harada (Sound Design), Michael Starobin (Orchestrations), J. Oconer Navarro (Music Director), Howie Cherpakov, CSA (Casting), Anjee Nero (Production Stage Manager), and Amanda Salmons (Stage Manager).

"I'm truly excited to open the Globe's 2017-2018 Season with this special new musical," said Erna Finci Viterbi Artistic Director Barry Edelstein. "A world premiere based on the delightfully offbeat 1993 MGM film, Benny & Joon centers on something rare in the musical theatre: the bond between siblings. The love between the brother and sister of the title is deep, moving, and real, and it gives this musical a gentleness and sweetness that I find completely captivating. Creators Kirsten Guenther, Nolan Gasser, and Mindi Dickstein have brought to the Globe a memorable and unique show, and my friend Jack Cummings III-who has carved out a unique space in the American theatre with the very human, people-driven stories he tells-brings Benny & Joon a beautiful spontaneity and freshness. The show's score-rich, complex, melodic, and fun-won me over instantly when I first heard it, and I am happy to share this bright new work with San Diego audiences."

Additional events taking place during the run of Benny & Joon include:

VICKI AND CARL ZEIGER INSIGHTS SEMINAR: Tuesday, September 12 at 5:30 p.m.

An opportunity to closely connect with productions both onstage and backstage. A panel selected from the artistic company of each show (playwrights, actors, directors, designers, and/or technicians) engages patrons in an informal and illuminating presentation of ideas and insights to enhance the theatregoing experience. Reception at 5:00 p.m. FREE.

SUBJECT MATTERS: Saturday, September 16 following the 2:00 p.m. matinee.

Explore the ideas and issues raised by a production through brief, illuminating post-show discussions with local experts, such as scientists, artists, historians, and scholars. Subject Matters will ignite discussion, bring the play's concerns into sharp focus, and encourage you to think beyond the stage! FREE.

POST-SHOW FORUMS: Tuesday, September 19, Tuesday, September 26, and Wednesday, October 4.

Join us after the show for an informal and enlightening question-and-answer session with cast, crew, and/or Globe staff members. Get the inside story on creating a character and putting together a professional production. FREE.

Single tickets to Benny & Joon start at $36 and go on sale to the general public on Friday, August 18 at 12:00 noon. Tickets can be purchased online at www.TheOldGlobe.org, by phone at (619) 23-GLOBE [234-5623], or by visiting the Box Office at 1363 Old Globe Way in Balboa Park. Discounts are available for full-time students, patrons 29 years of age and under, seniors, military members, and groups of 10 or more.

Performances begin on September 7 and continue through October 22, 2017. Performance times: Previews: Thursday, September 7 at 8:00 p.m.; Friday, September 8 at 8:00 p.m.; Saturday, September 9 at 8:00 p.m.; Sunday, September 10 at 7:00 p.m.; Tuesday, September 12 at 7:00 p.m.; Wednesday, September 13 at 7:00 p.m.; and Thursday, September 14 at 8:00 p.m. Opening night is Friday, September 15 at 8:00 p.m. Regular performances (September 16 - October 22):Tuesday and Wednesday evenings at 7:00 p.m.; Thursday and Friday evenings at 8:00 p.m., Saturdays at 2:00 p.m. and 8:00 p.m., and Sundays at 2:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. There will be no performances on Saturday, September 23 at 2:00 p.m. or 8:00 p.m. and no matinee performance on Saturday, October 14 at 2:00 p.m. There will be an additional matinee performance on Wednesday, October 11 at 2:00 p.m.

ABOUT THE ARTISTS:

Kirsten Guenther (Book) previously lived in Paris, where she worked as a Paris correspondent for USATODAY.com and penned the popular weekly column "The Sexy Expat," about an American journalist trying to navigate and date the French. Her current theatre commissions include The Years Between (T. Fellowship) and the new musical Measure of Success (The Rockefeller Foundation Grant). Ms. Guenther wrote the book and lyrics for Little Miss Fix-It (as seen on NBC) and the book for Mrs. Sharp (Richard Rodgers Award for the Playwrights Horizons workshop starring Jane Krakowski, directed by Michael Greif). She penned the books to Out of My Head (licensed by Steele Spring Stage Rights) and The Cable Car Nymphomaniac (Bay Area Theatre Award nomination). Ms. Guenther is the recipient of a Johnny Mercer Writers Fellowship, Dramatists Guild Fellowship, and a Lincoln Center Honorarium. She has penned sketches for personalities such as James Franco, Jared Leto, Christopher Walken, Michael Douglas, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Steve Buscemi, Kathie Lee and Hoda, and others. She holds a B.F.A. in Acting from USC and an M.F.A. from the Graduate Musical Theatre Writing Program at New York University.

Nolan Gasser (Music) is a critically acclaimed composer, pianist, and musicologist. He is most notably the architect of Pandora Radio's Music Genome Project and the company's chief musicologist from its founding in 1999. He holds a Ph.D. in Musicology from Stanford University. His original compositions have been performed in such prestigious venues as Carnegie Hall, David Geffen Hall at Lincoln Center, The Kennedy Center, Salle Pleyel in Paris, and the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, among many others. His theatrical projects beyond Benny & Joon include the opera The Secret Garden, commissioned by San Francisco Opera (2013); the oratorio Repast: An Oratorio on the Life of Booker Wright (2015); and the musical Start Me Up, in development. Dr. Gasser's forthcoming book, Why You Like It: The Science and Culture of Musical Taste, will be released in 2018 (Flatiron Books - Macmillan Publishers). He is also the subject of a documentary for the ESPN FiveThirtyEight series The Collectors entitled "Breaking Music Down to Its Genes" (2015). The film highlights his forthcoming work with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center to pilot an algorithm to provide personalized musical therapy for cancer patients. Dr. Gasser's TEDx Talk, "Empowering Your Musical Taste," is available on YouTube.

Mindi Dickstein (Lyrics) is a lyricist, librettist, and playwright. She wrote the lyrics for the Broadway musical Little Women (licensed by Music Theatre International, original cast album released by Sh-K-Boom & Ghostlight Records). Her work on Benny & Joon, showcased in the 2016 National Alliance for Musical Theatre Festival, was developed in part at Running Deer Musical Theatre Lab, TheatreWorks Silicon Valley, Johnny Mercer Writers Colony at Goodspeed Musicals, and Transport Group. Her current projects include Snow in August (based on the Pete Hamill novel), which had a developmental reading at Second Stage in June; and Alight Arise Return, developed at Rhinebeck Writers Retreat and Lark Play Development Center. Her other musicals include Disney's Toy Story: The Musical, for which she wrote the book; and Trip (Playwrights Horizons Steinberg Charitable Trust Commission), Notes Across a Small Pond (Bridewell Theatre), and Beasts and Saints (Boston Music Theatre Project, ASCAP Foundation Workshop), for which she wrote book and lyrics. Her short play Starving to Death in Midtown was produced worldwide as part of the 2015 Climate Change Theatre Action. Her songs have been performed widely, including at Lincoln Center's Hear and Now: Contemporary Lyricists. Ms. Dickstein's honors include a Jonathan Larson Award, a Massachusetts Cultural Council Artist Fellowship, and two New York Foundation for the Arts Playwriting Fellowships. She received her M.F.A. from and is currently on the faculty of New York University's Graduate Musical Theatre Writing Program.

Jack Cummings III (Director) is Co-Founder and Artistic Director of Transport Group, where he most recently directed William Inge's Picnic and Come Back, Little Sheba in rotating repertory. His favorite Transport Group credits include Queen of the Mist by Michael John LaChiusa (world premiere); See Rock City & Other Destinations by Brad Alexander and Adam Mathias (New York premiere); The Audience (conceiver, world premiere); cul-de-sac by John Cariani (world premiere); Normal by Yvonne Adrian, Tom Kochan, and Cheryl Stern (world premiere); Marcy in the Galaxy by Nancy Shayne (world premiere); and Three Days to See (author/conceiver, world premiere); as well as revivals of I Remember Mama; Hello Again; First Lady Suite; Once Upon a Mattress; Almost, Maine; The Dark at the Top of the Stairs; The Boys in the Band; All the Way Home; and Our Town. His other New York credits include the world premiere of Terrence McNally's And Away We Go (The Pearl Theatre Company), 1,000 Words Come to Mind by Michele Lowe and Scott Richards (Inner Voices Theatre, world premiere), and Arlington by Polly Pen and Victor Lodato (Inner Voices Theatre, world premiere). His regional credits include I Remember Mama (Two River Theater), A Streetcar Named Desire (Gretna Theatre), Violet and The Young Man from Atlanta (Barksdale Theatre), and The Illusion (Nevada Theatre Company). He received his B.A. in International Relations from William and Mary and his M.F.A. in Directing from University of Virginia. He is married to actress Barbara Walsh.

Katie Whalley Banville (Understudy) returns to The Old Globe, where she previously worked on A Doll's House. Her recent credits include Disney'sFreaky Friday and the world premiere of Escape to Margaritaville (La Jolla Playhouse). She is a Resident Artist at Cygnet Theatre Company, with credits including Dainty June in Gypsy, April in Company, Parade, Cabaret, My Fair Lady, and Man of La Mancha. Her other regional credits include Louise inGypsy (Craig Noel Award) and Clara in Passion (ion theatre company), Jenny Hill in Big Fish and Gingy in Shrek The Musical (Moonlight Stage Productions), and Andi Lee in 42nd Street (San Diego Musical Theatre). Her choreography credits include Gutenberg! The Musical! (Backyard Renaissance Theatre Company) and A Christmas Carol (Cygnet).

Hannah Elless (Joon) returns to The Old Globe, where she originated the role of Margo Crawford in Steve Martin and Edie Brickell's Broadway musicalBright Star. Ms. Elless made her Broadway debut singing "Bless the Lord" in the revival of Stephen Schwartz's Godspell, followed by a very "Neil" turn in the Drama Desk Award-nominated The Other Josh Cohen under the direction of Tony Award winner Ted Sperling. She was most recently seen Off Broadway in Transport Group's Obie Award-winning productions of Picnic, as Millie Owens, and Come Back, Little Sheba, as Marie Buckholder. She can be found this fall on HBO's new television drama "The Deuce." Ms. Elless's film credits include Before Winter, The Lake Effect, and The Over/Under, as well as the upcoming When Mary Met Ally.

Colin Hanlon (Mike) was in the Falsettos revival, In Transit, and Rent on Broadway. He also played Fiyero in the first national tour of Wicked. He was Adam in The New York premiere of Dot by Colman Domingo, directed by Susan Stroman (Vineyard Theatre). Mr. Hanlon was in the original casts of I Love You Because and Edges. He played Pete in the world premiere of The 12 by Robert Schenkkan and Neil Berg (Denver Center for the Performing Arts Theatre Company) and Luke in the regional premiere of Next Fall at The Repertory Theatre of St. Louis. Mr. Hanlon's television credits include Steven on the Emmy Award-winning "Modern Family" on ABC, "Difficult People" on Hulu, and "The Sinner" on USA Network. He also starred in and produced "Submissions Only."

January LaVoy (Ruthie) is makes her Old Globe debut in Benny & Joon. She has appeared on Broadway in Enron and Off Broadway in Measure for Measure (Theatre for a New Audience), Wings (Second Stage Theatre), Coraline (MCC Theater), and Two Trains Running, Home, Funnyhouse of a Negro,and the world premiere of Will Eno's Wakey, Wakey (Signature Theatre Company). Her regional credits include Mattie Campbell in Joe Turner's Come and Gone (Mark Taper Forum), Kate in Good People (Pittsburgh Public Theater), Isabella in Measure for Measure (The Shakespeare Theatre of New Jersey), Stella in A Streetcar Named Desire, Dawn in Lobby Hero, and Portia in The Merchant of Venice (Denver Center Theatre Company), and the world premiere of Native Guard (ALLIANCE THEATRE). Her television credits include "Blue Bloods," "3 lbs.," "Law & Order" (original, "Criminal Intent," and "Special Victims Unit"), and Noelle Ortiz on "One Life to Live". Her voiceover work includes many national commercial campaigns and over 150 audiobooks. Ms. LaVoy has been honored as Audiobook Narrator of the Year by Publishers Weekly and has received multiple Audie Awards.

Jake Millgard (Understudy) was last seen in the Globe's productions of Guys and Dolls, Measure for Measure (Globe for All), Love's Labor's Lost,Macbeth, The Comedy of Errors, and Arms and the Man. He received his M.F.A. from The Old Globe and University of San Diego Shiley Graduate Theatre Program and appeared in their productions of As You Like It, The Seagull, Clybourne Park, and Pericles, Prince of Tyre. His New York credits include Sex and Violence, On Campus, and Remembering Kimberly. His regional credits include Dracula and A Christmas Carol (Actors Theatre of Louisville), The Full Monty (Northern Stage), and Art, The Odd Couple, and Lips Together, Teeth Apart (Mount Baker Theatre's Summer Repertory Theatre). He also appeared in the premiere of The Open Road Anthology (Humana Festival of New American Plays). Some of his television and film credits include "Grimm," Pudding Face, Placebo, and Frank and Barry.

Paolo Montalban (Larry) was last seen at the Globe as Mike Masaoka in the world premiere of Allegiance. He is best known for portraying The Prince opposite Brandy in Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella (ABC), as well as the series lead Kung Lao in "Mortal Kombat: Conquest" (TNT), which was based on the popular video game. He has appeared on Broadway in Breakfast at Tiffany's starring Emilia Clarke; as Manjiro in Pacific Overtures(Roundabout Theatre Company); and in The King and I. He was most recently seen Off Broadway as Tommie Haw, a stripping Chinese American cowboy, in Bella: An American Tall Tale (Playwrights Horizons). His other New York credits include Eglamour in Two Gentlemen of Verona (Shakespeare in the Park) and Claro in The Romance of Magno Rubio (Ma-Yi Theater Company). His regional work includes Arthur in The Unsinkable Molly Brown (The Muny, Denver Center for the Performing Arts Theatre Company), the world premiere of Bella (Dallas Theater Center), The King in The King and I (Lyric Opera of Chicago), Carl Magnus in A Little Night Music (American Conservatory Theater), The Emperor in The Orphan of Zhao (La Jolla Playhouse, American Conservatory Theater), and Clopin in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Ogunquit Playhouse). Mr. Montalban has played recurring and guest-starring roles on "Madam Secretary," "The Blacklist," "Nurse Jackie," and "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit." His film credits include Just Wright, American Adobo, andThe Great Raid.

Bryce Pinkham (Sam) is making his Old Globe debut. His Broadway credits include A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder, The Heidi Chronicles,Holiday Inn, Ghost, and Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson. His favorite television appearances are on PBS's "Mercy Street" and Baz Luhrmann's "The Get Down." He is a frequent collaborator with Outside the Wire, a theatre company that brings social-impact performances to American military audiences around the world. His most recent tours include Kuwait, Qatar, Japan, and Guantanamo Bay. He is a proud Leonore Annenberg Fellow and an enthusiastic graduate of Boston College and Yale School of Drama. Along with Globe M.F.A. alumnus Lucas Caleb Rooney, he co-founded a charity that uses theatrical storytelling to empower at-risk youth in Madagascar and the United States.

Andrew Samonsky (Benny) has appeared on Broadway as Neville Landless in The Mystery of Edwin Drood, Kenneth Ormiston in Scandalous, and Lt. Cable in the Tony Award-winning revival of South Pacific, with which he was also seen in the "Live from Lincoln Center" PBS broadcast. Most recently he played Robert Kincaid in the first national tour of The Bridges of Madison County. He originated the role of Captain Phoebus in the American premiere ofThe Hunchback of Notre Dame (Paper Mill Playhouse, La Jolla Playhouse). Mr. Samonsky was nominated for a Drama Desk Award for his portrayal of Frank Russell in the Off Broadway production of Michael John LaChiusa's Queen of the Mist, and he appeared in the City Center Encores! productions ofFiorello! and Merrily We Roll Along. He has originated the roles of Richard in Somewhere in Time (Portland Center Stage), Beauchamp in Tales of the City(American Conservatory Theater), Joshua in Little Miss Sunshine (La Jolla Playhouse), and Nick in Disney's On the Record (first national tour). He is a soloist with symphonies across the country, including the New York Philharmonic and Boston Pops. His television and film credits include "Elementary," "Guiding Light," The Ceiling Fan, and The Secret Song.

Natalie Toro (Dr. Cruz, Mrs. Smail) originated the role of Madame Defarge in A Tale of Two Cities on Broadway and won Sarasota Magazine's Best Featured Actress Award in its pre-Broadway run. She was the first American to play the role of Eponine in Les Misérables, and she was nominated for a Joseph Jefferson Award for her portrayal of Eva Peron in the 20th anniversary tour of Evita. She originated the role of Sally in Alan Menken's A Christmas Carol and also played Mary Magdalene in Jesus Christ Superstar, Grizabella in Cats, and Camila in In the Heights. She has originated roles Off Broadway including La Bruja in The Yellow Brick Road and Ginger in Zombie Prom. Her regional work includes The Bikinis, Zorba, Mrs. Johnstone in Blood Brothers,Frances of Guernica, Everything's Ducky, and The Fix produced by Cameron Macintosh. Ms. Toro is currently a headliner with her one-woman show on major cruise lines around the world. Her CD Natalie Toro includes a duet with Sutton Foster, and her holiday CD Just in Time for Christmas features duets with Ryan Kelly from Celtic Thunder and Grammy Award winner Jon Secada. Ms. Toro's television credits include "Law & Order," "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit," "Elementary," "Person of Interest," and "Black Box." She has also performed with numerous symphony orchestras and at Carnegie Hall and the National Concert Hall in Dublin, Ireland.

Jason SweetTooth Williams (Waldo, Video Store Owner) is making his Old Globe debut with Benny & Joon. He has spent the last year in the new Disney musical Freaky Friday, enjoying runs at La Jolla Playhouse, Cleveland Play House, Alley Theatre, and Signature Theatre Company, where it received its world premiere. He was also recently seen Off Broadway opposite Jackie Hoffman as Prince Dauntless in Transport Group's production of Once Upon a Mattress directed by Jack Cummings III. Mr. Williams is a longtime collaborator of award-winning writer Joe Iconis, having appeared in Iconis's Bloodsong of Love (Ars Nova), The Black Suits (Summer Play Festival/The Public Theater), ReWrite (Urban Stages), and Things to Ruin (album available on Sh-K-Boom & Ghostlight Records). His other favorite theatre credits include Crossing Brooklyn (Transport Group), The Trouble with Doug (TheatreWorks Silicon Valley), and The Disappearing Man (Musical Theatre Factory). As a writer, Mr. Williams co-wrote the '70s Blaxploitation-inspired action musical Broadway BounTy Hunter, which had its world premiere last summer starring Annie Golden at Barrington Stage Company.

Scott Rink (Choreographer) choreographed the Off Broadway productions of Once Upon a Mattress, Three Days to See, Queen of the Mist, Hello Again, Being Audrey, Crossing Brooklyn, Songs for a New World, and Normal. Mr. Rink's regional credits include Carnaval de Fuego (Six Flags Elitch Gardens),Alice in Wonderland (Birmingham Children's Theatre), Disney's Mulan (Imagination Stage), and Seussical (Wagner College). His commissioned works include dances for Ailey II, ABT II, Oakland Ballet Company, Minnesota Dance Theatre, Repertory Dance Theatre, The Ailey School, Harvard University, University of North Carolina School of the Arts, and University of Minnesota, among others. Mr. Rink has created a number of works for his company danceRINK in New York City and abroad. As a dancer, Mr. Rink performed in the companies of Eliot Feld, Elisa Monte, Karole Armitage, and Lar Lubovitch.

Dane Laffrey (Scenic and Costume Design) previously designed sets for The Old Globe's production of The Few. His Broadway credits include set and costumes for Deaf West's Spring Awakening, set for Fool for Love, and sets for this season's revival of Once on This Island at Circle in the Square Theatre. His recent Off Broadway credits include sets and/or costumes for Rancho Viejo, Indian Summer, The Christians, and Iowa (Playwrights Horizons),Sell/Buy/Date (Manhattan Theatre Club), Homos, or Everyone in America (LAByrinth Theater Company), Picnic and Come Back, Little Sheba (Transport Group), The Harvest (Lincoln Center Theater), The Glory of the World (Brooklyn Academy Of Music's Harvey Theater), Cloud Nine (Atlantic Theater Company), and other work at Roundabout Theatre Company, Second Stage Theatre, Vineyard Theatre, Lincoln Center Theater, MCC Theater, Soho Rep., Rattlestick Playwrights Theater, Transport Group, and many others. Mr. Laffrey's regional work includes the Humana Festival, Mark Taper Forum, Shakespeare Theatre Company, Williamstown Theatre Festival, Huntington Theatre Company, Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts, Denver Center for the Performing Arts Theatre Company, Cincinnati Playhouse in the Park, Goodspeed Musicals, Woolly Mammoth Theatre Company, Baltimore Center Stage, Studio Theatre, Dallas Theater Center, New York Stage and Film, and others. He has also designed internationally in Tokyo, Oslo, Osaka, and throughout Australia. Mr. Laffrey won a 2017 Obie Award for Sustained Excellence of Set and Costume Design, and he has been nominated for a Drama Desk Award and four Henry Hewes Design Awards, along with numerous regional accolades.

R. Lee Kennedy (Lighting Design) is the resident lighting designer for New York City-based Transport Group, and he has designed their Off Broadway productions of Inge in Rep: Picnic and Come Back, Little Sheba; Once Upon a Mattress; Three Days to See; I Remember Mama (Henry Hewes Design Award nomination); Almost, Maine; Queen of the Mist (Hewes nomination); Hello Again; See Rock City (Drama Desk Award nomination); Bury the Dead(Drama Desk nomination); Marcy in the Galaxy; The Dark at the Top of the Stairs; Normal; The Audience (Drama Desk nomination); First Lady Suite;Requiem for William; Our Town; and the world premiere play And Away We Go by Terrence McNally, produced by The Pearl Theatre Company. His regional credits include The Light in the Piazza (Barrymore Award) and The Outgoing Tide (Barrymore nomination) (Philadelphia Theatre Company), Cake Off (Signature Theatre Company), and I Remember Mama (Two River Theater), as well as Illinois Shakespeare Festival's 2006, 2008, 2009, and 2011 seasons. Mr. Kennedy has designed national tours of The Secret Garden (Joseph Jefferson Award Citation), Once on This Island, Five Guys Named Moe, and A Grand Night for Singing.

Kai Harada (Sound Design) designed the Broadway productions of Amélie, Sunday in the Park with George, Allegiance, Gigi, Fun Home, On the Town,First Date, Follies (Tony and Drama Desk Award nominations), and Million Dollar Quartet. His other credits include Poster Boy (Williamstown Theatre Festival), Beaches (Drury Lane Theatre), Brooklynite (Vineyard Theatre), Little Dancer and First You Dream: The Music of Kander & Ebb (The Kennedy Center), Zorro (Moscow, Atlanta), Hinterm Horizont (Berlin), Sweeney Todd and The Pirates of Penzance (Portland Opera), and She Loves Me (Oregon Shakespeare Festival). He was also the audio consultant for the Broadway revival of Hedwig and the Angry Inch.

Michael Starobin (Orchestrations) previously orchestrated In Your Arms at The Old Globe. His credits include Sunday in the Park with George, Mrs. Miller Does Her Thing, Freaky Friday, Kid Victory, Falsettos, First Daughter Suite, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, If/Then, Annie, Dogfight, Leap of Faith, Queen of the Mist, The People in the Picture, Sondheim on Sondheim, Next to Normal (Tony Award), The Glorious Ones, Dr. Seuss's How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, Adrift in Macao, Bernarda Alba, The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, Assassins (Tony Award), The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, A New Brain, A Christmas Carol, Hello Again, Guys and Dolls (1992), My Favorite Year, In Trousers, Once on This Island, Closer Than Ever, Legs Diamond, Romance/Romance, Carrie, Birds of Paradise, Rags, Three Guys Naked, and Von Richthofen. His film credits include The Hunchback of Notre Dame, A Goofy Movie, Life with Mikey, Home on the Range, Tangled, Lucky Stiff, and Beauty and the Beast (2017).

J. Oconer Navarro (Music Director) previously served as music director of The Old Globe's Rain. He recently penned new arrangements for Disney's Beauty and the Beast, currently playing at Oregon Shakespeare Festival. His select New York credits include Adding Machine, Curtains, First Daughter Suite, The House of Blue Leaves, Iowa, Mary Poppins, We the People, and seven seasons with Lincoln Center Theater. His regional credits include Barrington Stage Company, Hangar Theatre, The Kennedy Center, New York Stage and Film, three national tours for Theatreworks USA, and Two River Theater. He is part of the founding faculty of New Studio on Broadway at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, as well as the Musical Theatre Conservatory at the Stella Adler Studio of Acting, and he is music supervisor at Camp Broadway. He is also a composer, lyricist, and writer whose works have been seen Off Broadway. In addition, he is the resident composer for The Church of Saint Paul the Apostle in New York and is a recipient of an American Theatre Wing Jonathan Larson Grant.

Howie Cherpakov, CSA (Casting) returns to The Old Globe after casting their productions of October Sky and Bright Star (Artios Award nomination). His Broadway and national tour credits include Bright Star, Next Fall (Artios nomination), The Seafarer, Coram Boy, Chicago, Annie Get Your Gun, Dirty Dancing, and South Pacific. Off Broadway and regionally he has cast productions for Lincoln Center Theater, Women's Project Theater, New York Stage and Film/Powerhouse Theater (Artios nomination for The Power of Duff), Atlantic Theater Company, Naked Angels (Artios Award for Fault Lines), Pasadena Playhouse, Irish Arts Center, Soho Theatre in London, American Theater Group, and New York Musical Festival, among many others.

Anjee Nero (Production Stage Manager) has previously worked on the Globe productions of King Richard II; Picasso at the Lapin Agile; October Sky; Kiss Me, Kate; The Twenty-seventh Man; Bright Star; Dog and Pony; The Winter's Tale; Be a Good Little Widow; Allegiance; A Room with a View; Richard O'Brien's The Rocky Horror Show; The Savannah Disputation; Kingdom; and the 2007 Shakespeare Festival. Ms. Nero also worked on the Broadway production of Bright Star and will soon be launching the show's tour. Her selected La Jolla Playhouse credits include Sideways directed by Des McAnuff,Ruined directed by Liesl Tommy, A Midsummer Night's Dream directed by Christopher Ashley, and Herringbone directed by Roger Rees and starring BD Wong. Ms. Nero has worked with several prominent regional theatres including The Kennedy Center, Hartford Stage, Center Theatre Group, Siti Company, Huntington Theatre Company, and Berkeley Repertory Theatre, to name a few. Her other selected credits include Schick Machine (Paul Dresher Ensemble), which toured both nationally and internationally, and Garden of Forbidden Loves and Garden of Deadly Sound (IMAGOmoves), which performed at the International Hungarian Theatre Festival in Cluj, Romania.

Amanda Salmons (Stage Manager) has previously worked at The Old Globe on King Richard II; The Blameless; Dr. Seuss's How the Grinch Stole Christmas!; October Sky; Macbeth; Rain; The Metromaniacs; Kiss Me, Kate; The White Snake; The Two Gentlemen of Verona; Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike; The Last Goodbye; Globe for All (2014, 2015); the Summer Shakespeare Festival (2011-2013); Somewhere; Lost in Yonkers; I Do! I Do!; and The Price. Her other credits include Blueprints to Freedom: An Ode to Bayard Rustin (La Jolla Playhouse), Kiss Me, Kate (Hartford Stage), The Foreigner, miXtape, See How They Run, The Music Man, and The Rivalry (Lamb's Players Theatre), The Gondoliers, The Pirates of Penzance, Candide, and Trial by Jury (Lyric Opera San Diego), and SummerFest (La Jolla Music Society). She received her B.A. in Theatre from UC San Diego.

The Tony Award-winning Old Globe is one of the country's leading professional regional theatres and has stood as San Diego's flagship arts institution for over 80 years. Under the leadership of Erna Finci Viterbi Artistic Director Barry Edelstein, The Old Globe produces a year-round season of 15 productions of classic, contemporary, and new works on its three Balboa Park stages: the Donald and Darlene Shiley Stage in the 600-seat Old Globe Theatre and the 250-seat Sheryl and Harvey White Theatre, both part of The Old Globe's Conrad Prebys Theatre Center, and the 605-seat outdooR Lowell Davies Festival Theatre, home of its internationally renowned Shakespeare Festival. More than 250,000 people attend Globe productions annually and participate in the theatre's artistic and arts engagement programs. Numerous world premieres such as the 2014 Tony Award winner for Best Musical, A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder, Bright Star, Allegiance, The Full Monty, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, and the annual holiday musical Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! have been developed at The Old Globe and have gone on to enjoy highly successful runs on Broadway and at regional theatres across the country.


          Amazon Deal: Buy 2 Get 1 Free on Blu-ray Movies, 247 Titles Included        
Amazon is having another “Buy Two Get One Free” deal on selected Blu-ray movies. There are 247 titles to choose from, so you should be able to find some great titles that you don’t already own. Some titles we highly recommend are: When We Left Earth: The Nasa Missions, Madagascar, Fighter Pilot: Operation Red Flag (IMAX), and Human [...]
          World: Food Assistance Outlook Brief, August 2017        
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion.


          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


          WHO offers temporary recommendations for polio outbreak        

The International Health Regulations (IHR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) recently held its eighth meeting of the Emergency Committee (EC) over a teleconference to discuss the poliovirus' spread throughout the world. 

The team reviewed data on both wild polio and vaccine-contracted polio, and specifically looked back on the Nov. 10 choice to modify treatment temporarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Guinea.

Overall, the EC reported that wild polio has declined in Pakistan and Afghanistan since the original Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) in 2014, though it has continued worldwide. It also reported that the Middle East, the Horn of Africa, central Africa and areas in Europe are more susceptible to wild polio. Concerning vaccine-derived polio, outbreaks in Ukraine, Madagascar, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Nigeria and Guinea have continued. 

The WHO is especially concerned with countries nearby that are suffering from Ebola, and may be more susceptible to illness. Therefore, EC still declares polio a PHEIC and has advised the director-general to extend the temporary recommendations it has previously set in place for three more months. The director-general agreed with the report and, on Feb. 26, extended the recommendations.

EC encourages countries that are able to support the international fight against polio to do so, in the form of information, materials and vaccination. The EC will reevaluate the recommendations in three months.


                  

Awhile back I had to go to Strasbourg for another eye test and when I returned Frenchie met me at the train station and we spent a leisurely hour or two wandering the streets of Colmar. It is filled with tiny cobblestoned streets lined with interesting shops and cafes. We happened upon a Madagascar Festival that was basically just a market filled with stand after stand of wonderful craftmanship all made by the women of Madagascar and they proudly would tell you about how they polished said stone or wove said scarf from raw silk. I was astounded by the beautiful pieces on display and the prices were so low I couldn't help but select several pieces. The labradorite heart here is so colorful, I am afraid the pictures don't do it justice. It Flashes with gorgeous blues and greens. I think it is probably the nicest piece of Labradorite I've ever seen and I can't wait to make a piece out of it.

The shell in the center was an interesting piece. The woman actually had raw shells that hadn't been polished yet on display and she explained how she polished them and made the pieces. She called this the eye of Santa Lucia. I love the spiral design in the center!
The ammonites were just amazing. I picked up two matching ones and a larger single piece to make earrings and a necklace. The selection was plentiful and some of them were so big. I could have easily spent a fortune there, it was so hard to pick and chose.
Lastly, Frenchie stopped at the silk scarf stand and though I make and sell silk scarves and have a whole dresser full of silk I had to admit I wanted one so bad. Frenchie happily bought me the most beautiful scarf. It has become my favorite and I have already wore it several times. It is completely different from the silk I normally work with so I don't feel too guilty.

All it all it was a nice find. The prices were so low and knowing they were going directly to these wonderful women made me happy. I have seen some of the conditions in Madagascar. It is a poor country but beautiful. I am glad they came to Colmar and I hope they return again. Next time I will try to take pictures! 
Hopefully soon I will put a few of these to the wire and try to make some jewelry out of them. I am struggling with my jewelry right now though. Taking this long break has made me rusty. I have been trying to make a simple pair of earrings for three days and nothing is working. Please send me some patience to help me through this dry spot. I need it!

Wishing you all a restful and wonderful weekend...








          Portrait: Qui est Hamed Hamed? Un spécialiste du Marketing sportif. l'homme qui vient de mettre fin à la mafia et la corruption installer à la tête de la CAF depuis 30ans dans l'attribution des CAN.         
L’image contient peut-être : 1 personne, costume et lunettes 
Portrait: Qui est Hamed Hamed. Un spécialiste du Marketing sportif. l'homme qui vient de mettre fin
à la mafia et la corruption installer tête de la CAF depuis 30ans dans l'attribution des CAN. "Hamed est entrain de mettre sur pied des mesures qui vont désormais permettre à L'Afrique de s’arrimer au standards internationaux. La CAN dans la Boue, dans le bricolage est terminé"
Voici son CV
Nom et prénom : Ahmad Ahmad
Né le : 30 décembre 1959
Fils de : Feu Daroueche Aboudou et de Salumat


ETUDES SUIVIES

- 2005 à 2006 : Université Claude Bernard de Lyon
- 1981 à 1986 : Ecole Normale Supérieure - Université de Tananarive – Filière EPS
- 1979 à 1981 : Cours préparatoire en Droit Publique et privé
- 1973 à 1979 : Lycée de Maintirano
- 1966 à 1972 : Ecole Primaire de Tambohorano


FORMATIONS COMPLEMENTAIRES

- Management et marketing du Sport par la CONFEJES
- Administration Sportive par la Solidarité Olympique
- Entraîneur Fédéral de 3ème degré par la FMF


DIPLOMES OBTENUS

- MASTER 2 en Sport Management, Spécialité « Management des Organisations»
- CAPEN (Maîtrise) en EPS en 1986
- BAC A2 en 1979
- PRE BAC en 1978
- BEPC en 1976
- CEPE en 1972

FONCTIONS OCCUPEES

- 2016 à ce jour : Sénateur de Madagascar (Vice-président du Sénat)
- 2014 à 2016 : Ministre des Ressources Halieutiques et de la Pêche
- 2003 à 2007 : Professeur intervenant en législation sportive et en marketing de sport à l’Académie National des Sports
- 1998/2002 : Président du Conseil d’Administration de la Société d’Etat Commercial SOMACODIS
- 1996/1998 : Directeur de cabinet du Ministre de la Pèche et des Ressources Halieutiques
- 1995/1996 : Conseiller Technique à l’Assemblée Nationale
- 1994/1995 : Secrétaire d’Etat en charge des Sports
- 1993/1994 : Directeur de la Population et développement social au Ministère de la Population
- 1988/1993 : Attaché de Direction à l’entreprise PROBO
- 1988/1993 : Conseiller Technique Régional de football
- 1988/1993 : Chef de Service des Sports à Mahajanga
- 1989/1990 : Entraîneur du Club de Football AC SOTEMA
- 1988/1989 : Professeur d’EPS au Lycée Technique de Mahajanga
- 1986/1988 : Professeur d’EPS au CEG de Tambohorano


SEMINAIRES ET RECHERCHES

- Mémoire pour l’obtention du diplôme MASTER MOS « Quel Plan stratégique pour une fédération nationale de football autonome dans un pays en voie de développement ».
- Président du Comité de Réflexion sur le Football malgache en 2003
- Conférence Nationale pour la mise en place des études sur les ONG à Madagascar (Financement Banque Mondiale 1993)
- Mémoire sur l’Etude de la contribution des Activités Physiques et Sportives sur la lutte anti-drogue en milieu adolescent (Fin d’études à l’ENS 1986)
- Réunion Préparatoire pour le Sommet Mondial sur le Développement social aux Nations Unies - New York / 1993
- Conférence Internationale sur la population et le développement – Le Caire / 1994
- Mise en place de la commission de la population à l’OUA - Addis Abeba / 1993

AUTRES ACTIVITES

- Membre du Comité Exécutif de la Confédération Africaine de Football (CAF)
- Réorganisation des élections du Comité Olympique Malgache en janvier 2011, après la défection de l’ancien Président.
- Président délégué de la Commission de Recours de la FIFA
- Membre du Comité d’organisation de la Coupe d’Afrique des Nations (CAN)
- Président de l’Association des Cadres de Melaky
- Vice-Président du Comité Olympique Malagasy (2005-2011)
- Depuis Février 2003 jusqu’à ce jour – Président de la Fédération Malagasy de Football (FMF)
- Membre de la Fédération Internationale de Cinéma et Télévision Sportive (depuis 2000)
- Vice-Président de la Fédération Malagasy de Sport pour tous (depuis 2000)
- Vice-Président de la Fédération Malagasy de Handball (2000/2003)
- Fondateur des Jeux régionaux à Madagascar (jeu de Melaky en 1989)
- Secrétaire Général Adjoint de la ligue de football de Mahajanga (1988/1993)


LANGUES

- Malagasy : Parlé et écrit
- Français : Parlé et écrit
- Anglais : Parlé et écrit (moyen)



          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 10-10-2014 with 99 & Barry        
Playlist:

Trachtenburg Family Slideshow Players- Mountain Trip To Japan - Vintage Slide Collections From Seattle Vol 1
Neu Abdominaux Dangereux- Arrivederia EccelenzaPeace - Dangereuxorcisms
Meat Puppets- Away - Up On The Sun
The Budos Band- Black Hills - Burnt Offering
The Quantic Soul Orchestra- Marrakech Soul - Tropidelico
Art Ensemble Of Chicago- Purple Haze - Ancient To The Future Vol 1
The Maytals- The Preacher - Monkey Man
The Ventures- Strawberry Fields Forever - Super Psychedelics
Arto Lindsay Trio- Imbue - Aggregates 126
The Billy Nayer Show- The Bunny King - The Billy Nayer Show
Novox- Waiting For The Pusherman - Over The Honeymoon
The Velvet Underground Nico- Im Waiting For The Man - The Velvet Underground Nico
Officer- Anagrams - Ossification
Sun City Girls- Sev Acher - Youre Never Alone With A Cigarette Singles Vol 1
Kahimi Karie- Pancartes - Montage
Twink- Mothlight Magic - Miniatures Volume 1
OOIOO- Shizuku Gunung Agung - Gamel
Alex Puddu- The Rope - The Golden Age Of Danish Pornography Vol 2
Aquaserge- For Bob - A Lamiti
The Residents- Hello Skinny - Duck Stab Buster Glen
Klaus Konig- Black Polo Necks - Reviews
Andre Williams- Shake A Tail Feather - Life
Zion80- Metatron - Adramelech
Rabbit Rabbit- Inside Outside - Rabbit Rabbit Radio Vol 2 Swallow Me Whole
Monoswezi- Hondo - Rough Guide To Undiscovered World
- voicebreak -
Imarhan Timbuktu- Ehela Damohele - Akal Warled
Les Enfants Du Monde- Les Bara Jeux Travail Et Funrailles Ka Mila Laza Valy Ne Sois Pas Orgueilleux - Chant Des Enfants Du Monde Vol 14 Madagascar Chants De Brousse
Dora Juarez- Una Tarde De Verano - Cantos Para Una Diaspora
Jamie Saft- Blood On The Door - Breadcrumb Sins
- voicebreak -
Jorge Ben- Oba L Vem Ela - Fora Bruta


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-10-10
          Labradorite Cabochon 15 x 22mm 5pcs - USD 25.00        
Labradorite Cabochon 15 x 22mm 5pcs
 
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Labradorite

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Crystal System: Triclinic
Cleavage: three directions
Hardness: 6-6.5
Color: Gray, Green Gray, Black with colorful shillers most often in golds, greens, blues and violets
ï¾ 
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Strength, Transformation, Intuition
Primary Chakras: Solar Plexus, Heart, Throat, Third Eye, Crown
Astrological signs: Sagittarius, Scorpio, Leo

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          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 10-04-2013 with 99 & Barry        
Playlist:

Cyro Baptistas Banquet Of The Spirits- Batida De Coco - Infinito
Cyro Baptistas Banquet Of The Spirits- Batida De Coco - Infinito
Tal National- Kaani - Kaani
- Kon Togethy Come Together - Cover The Earth Vol 3
- Kon Togethy Come Together - Cover The Earth Vol 3
Ras G- All Is Well - Back On The Planet
Ras G- All Is Well - Back On The Planet
Jungle By Night- Rangda - Hidden
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
Man Man- King Shiv - On Oni Pond
The Residents- Hit The Road Jack Remix - Our Tired Poor Huddled Ma
OOIOO- Ina - Gold And Green
Hello Skinny- Crush - Revolutions EP
Hello Skinny- Crush - Revolutions EP
Yuka Honda- Hydrosphere - Heart Chamber Phantoms
- voicebreak -
Baba Brooks- Catch A Fire - This Is Dub Rare Jamaican Ska Reggae
Meridian Brothers- El Jazz Del Chupasangres - Devocion Works 20052011
Myeck Waters- The Banjo - Myecks Big Waste Of Time
Messer Chups- Midnight Preacher - Heretic Channel
La Vida- Peace Of Mind - Los Nuggetz 60s Punk Pop And Psychedelic From Latin America
Yamasuki Singers- Yama Yama - Le Monde Fabuleux Des Yamasuki
Count Stocky The Upsetters- To Hell And Back - The Sound Doctor
- voicebreak -
AutorYno- Poznan - Cosmopolitan Traffic
Melvin Gibbs Elevated Entity- Represent Do Rio - Ancients Speak
- I Beg - Afrobeat Airways 2
Abdellah El Magana- Kassidat El Hakka The Poem Of The Truth - Kassidat Raw 45s From Morocco
Ornette Coleman- Blues Connotation - This Is Our Music
Todd Snider- Conservative Christian RightWing Republican Straight White American Males - East Nashville Skyline
The Clash- Straight To Hell - Hits Back
African Head Charge- Some Bizarre - Off The Beaten Track
Yann Tomita- Medical Service - Doopee Time
Matias Aguayo- Lleg El Don - The Visitor
- voicebreak -
John Zorn- Light Chapels - Dreamachines
Hellebore- Artefact - Il Y A Des Jours
Les Enfants Du Monde- Les Bara Jeux Travail Et Funrailles DihimBoro Omaly Loiseau Qui A Dans Hier - Chant Des Enfants Du Monde Vol 14 Madagascar Chants De Brousse
Aya Nishina- Flora Ode To Infinity - Flora
Senking- Pathogenic Agent - List
Mylab- Earthbound - Mylab


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2013-10-04
          Concours App Challenge: un malgache et un ghanéen lauréats        

Les lauréats de la phase africaine du concours de développement d’applications mobiles « App Challenge » organisé par Airtel, en partenariat avec Samsung Group et Singtel, sont respectivement malgache et ghanéen. Deux projets ont été retenus à l’issue de la compétition: « Companion » de Madagascar et « e-coach » du Ghana. Les deux projets […]

Cet article Concours App Challenge: un malgache et un ghanéen lauréats est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Madagascar : Airtel renouvelle sa licence        

Airtel Madagascar a renouvelé  sa licence d’opérateur télécoms  dans le pays pour 10 ans le 9 juillet dernier. Alors que son actuelle licence devrait  expirer  en septembre prochain, Airtel  Madagascar a décidé de s’acquitter de ces droits relatifs au renouvellement, à l’extension et  à la mise en conformité de sa licence d’opérateur de télécommunications pour […]

Cet article Madagascar : Airtel renouvelle sa licence est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Madagascar : le réseau Internet mobile Orange connaît des perturbations        

Les abonnés au service Internet mobile de l’opérateur télécom Orange Madagascar ont du mal à accéder au web depuis un mois. Coupure de connexion, difficulté à trouver le réseau, un débit qui chuterait à 5 kbp/s, alors que l’entreprise vante une connexion 3G, ce sont les lots de problèmes auxquels font face les clients d’orange. […]

Cet article Madagascar : le réseau Internet mobile Orange connaît des perturbations est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          'Madagascar 3: de marcha por Europa'        


          Scrapbook 2012        
Photobucket


Think about the year that has passed. All the memories, the entries and posts that made the year special. Think about all your past layouts, default icons, mood themes. How about all those conversations you had via comments, or the huge post in ONTD that you spent all night commenting on. The 2012 Scrapbook Post is a way to help you remember all of that, in a single post.




✿ Layouts

Blue Swirls by daemon




✿ Mood Themes

• Doctor Who animated mood by calicons
• Donna Noble animated mood by wickedgrdn




✿ Default Icons

Photobucket by suzyx
Photobucketby welshgirl15





✿ Desktops

Photobucket
Photobucket
Photobucket not mine
Photobucket
Photobucket
Photobucket not mine




✿ University

Physics of Magnetosphere 1: 30
Classical Electrodynamics: 30
Physics of Matter: (24 - 17 raised later- 19) 28
Nuclear&Subnuclear physics: (B (aka 21 raised to 24) - B (???)) 28
Astrophysics: 30+
Physics of Atmosphere and oceans: 28




✿ Conservatory

Canto (Conferma): 8/10




✿ Events

• Lunch @ home with family & Paolo. Cards&Bingo @ Zio Giovanni's (1/01/2012)
• To the eye doctor (2/01/2012)
• Space&Co Lab dinner&SPQRisiko @ Chiaretta's with Chiara, Alfredo, Alessia, Andrea, Mirko, Nausica, Fabio (12/01/2012) ♥
• Elena is born (24/01/2012)
• The day when it has been announced Matt Bomer will be in a Glee episode in April - two fandoms collide/I start loving Glee all over again (27/01/2012)
• The biggest snowfall ever (3/02/2012)
• Closed university (6-8/02/2012)
Whitney Houston leaves us (11/02/2012)
• Romina's graduation (22/02/2012)
• Opening a bank account (24/02/2012)
• First day wearing red bold lips! (and contacts with suglasses O.O) (3/03/2012)
• @Roma per il concorso alla Banca d'Italia (14/03/2012)
• Watching Notre-Dame de Paris with Irene @Rome (Granteatro) (17/03/2012)
• Dinner with Ottavio, Vale, Giuliani, Fede & Zufi (31/03/2012)
• Emptying our earthquake-d house (6-10/04/2012)
• EPSO Admission Test(19/04/2012)
• The Slut and The Fool(too many days/03-04/2012)
• Worst day ever (3/05/2012)
• I am the only one writing as I should <3 - one of the best revenge ever LOL (9/05/2012)
• A red bitch (21/05/2012)
• Singing exam (22/05/2012)
• Blecil or Celar <3 (22/05/2012)
• X-Factor 6 Casting in Rome (26/05/2012)
• Dinner with Ottavio, Vale, Fede, Cch to celebrate my birthday (23/04/2012)
• Lunch for Uncle Felix 50th birthday (24/06/2012)
• Dinner with Ottavio, Vale, Fede, Stefania, G, Cch, Jessica to celebrate Vale's bday (6/07/2012)
• Starting my very own community (randombeauty123)(22/07/2012)
• Olympics - London 2012 (27-/07/2012)
• Grandpa 80th Birthday - Dinner @ La Radice whit the whole family (4/08/2012)
• Taylor Swift webchat announcing her new album RED coming out October 22nd (13/08/2012)
• Winning the critic's award at Rocca di Mezzo singing Notturno (22/08/2012)
• Emma's concert with Richie (24/08/2012)
• Symphonic Orchestra movies music concert (26/08/2012)
• XFactor concert with Fede, Ottavio&Svale, with Nicole Tuzii, Davide Papasidero, Claudio Cera, Valerio De Rosa, Caffè Margot (27/08/2012)
• Musical singing contest + dinner at G's place with Svale&Otto, Ruggi, Angelo & G (1/09/2012)
• Music&lyrics minus the bridge for my very first "complete" song (4/09/2012)
• My phone falls for the first time (5/09/2012)
• Moving the community to Wordpress (randombeautythings.wordpress.com/) (7/09/2012)
• Signing up to the Gym (11/09/2012)
• Buying the first Revlon Lip Butter (11/09/2012)
• Dinner @ Patatina with 8&friends (20/10/2012)
• The fourth album "Red" by Taylor Swift comes out (22/10/2012)
• My PC dies (no hard disk found) & comes back to live two days after (24/10/2012)
• The Dou Dou Fizz concert @ The Irish Shaman's Pub with Marta&Paolo&Stefano (27/10/2012)
• The first cold after years (2-8/11/2012)
• First guitar written song (5-25/11/2012)
• The first snow of the season (5/12/2012)
• Nunzia & Ruggi's bday @ Il Boschetto (7/12/2012)
• First tea time (14/12/2012)
• H&M opening!!! (14/12/2012)
• Instagram account, finally!!! (15/10/2012)
• Christmas Eve dinner at Grandma Anna's (24/12/2012)
• Christmas lunch at Aunt Ginevra's (25/12/2012)
• New Year's Eve Dinner @ home with Mom, Dad, Granma Anna and Grandpa Sabatino, then celebrating the 2013 at Ottavio's (31/12/2012)




✿ Quotes

• "Strange, isn't it? Each man's life touches so many other lives. When he isn't around he leaves an awful hole, doesn't he? " (Clarence from "It's a wonderful life")
• "Dear George, remember no man is a failure who has friends." (Clarence from "It's a wonderful life)
• "If you want a happy ending..it depends on where you stop the story" (Neal Caffrey from White Collar)
• "Two people with a common goal can do many things. Two people with a common enemy can do even more." (Rumpelstiltskin from Once Upon a Time)
• "Love makes us sick. Haunts our dreams. Destroys our days. Love has killed more than any disease." (Rumpelstiltskin from Once Upon a Time)
• "Two wrongs can never make a right because two wrongs can never equal each other." (Emily Thorne from Revenge)
• "Like life revenge can be a messy business, and both would be so much simpler. If only our heads could figure out which way our hearts will go. But the heart has its reasons of which reason cannot know." (Emily Thorne from Revenge)
• "You know I haven't been this disappointed since Phantom Menace." (Nolan Ross from Revenge)
• "It isn't really our choices that distinguish who we are. It's our commitment to them." (Emily Thorne from Revenge)
• "God, I wish my life was a movie sometimes. You know, I'd never have to worry about my hair, or having to go to the bathroom. And then when I'm at my lowest point, some guy would chase me down the street, pour his heart out and we'd kiss. Happily ever after" (Jamie from Friends with Benefits)
• "I suffer from Girlnextdooritis, where the guy is friend with you, and that' it." (Taylor Swift)
• "True love's kiss will break any curse." (from Once Upon a Time)
• "First love is such a sweet despair, Colin" (from My Week with Marilyn)
• "I’m intimidated by the fear of being average." (Taylor Swift)
• "Life isn't how to survive the storm, it's about how to dance in the rain." (Taylor Swift)
• "Throughout all of the changes that have happened in my life, one of the priorities I’ve had is to never change the way I write songs and the reasons I write songs. I write songs to help me understand life a little more. I write songs to get past things that cause me pain. And I write songs because sometimes life makes more sense to me when it’s being sung in a chorus, and when I can write it in a verse" (Taylor Swift)
• "One day, you’re 17 and you’re planning for someday. And then quietly, without you ever really noticing, someday is today. And then someday is yesterday. And this is your life." (from One Tree Hill)
• "But hold on to what you believe in the light, when the darkness has robbed you of all your sight" (Mumford & Sons)
• "The saddest thing for a girl to do is dumb herself down for a guy." (Emma Watson)
• "You can’t change your situation. The only thing that you can change is how you choose to deal with it." (Katherine from the movie 50/50)
• "He's the melody and she's background noise" ("Bad for Me" by Megan&Liz)
• " I’d rather be too something than not enough something." (Taylor Swift)
• "And there’s something to be learned from waiting all day for a train that’s never coming." (Taylor Swift)
• "We end up dreaming instead of sleeping" (Taylor Swift's "22")




✿ Songs loved

• "Gethsemane (I only want to say)" - Jesus Christ from Jesus Christ Superstar
• "Terrible love" - Birdy
• "I should go" - Levi Kreis
• "Breathe Again" - Sara Berelleis
• "If I fell" - The Beatles
• "A Maggio Cambio" - Virginio
• "Skinny Love" - Birdy
• "Look at me" - Carrie Underwood
• "Iris" - Goo Goo Dolls
• "Why you wanna" - Jana Kramer
• "Paris Oh lala" - Grace Potter
• "Safe & Sound" - Taylor Swift ft. The Civil Wars
• "Somebody that I used to know" - Gotye
• "Second hand white baby grand" - from Smash OST
• "Let me be your star" - from Smash OST
• "Never give all the heart" - from Smash OST
• "Songs like this" - Carrie Underwood
• "It happens" - Sugarland
• "Over you by now" - Jana Kramer
• "Impatient Girl" - Kate Voegele
• "Candy" - Paolo Nutini
• "After the storm" - Mumford&Sons
• "What makes you beautiful" - One Direction
• "A room with a view" - Ben Barnes
• "We are never ever getting back together" - Taylor Swift
• "Ronan" - Taylor Swift
• "All too well" - Taylor Swift
• "Wanted" - Hunter Hayes
• "Stars" - Grace Potter & The Nocturnals
• "Kiss You" - One Direction
• "Love Makes Me" - Hunter Hayes
• "Over You" - Miranda Lambert (Cassadee Pope's cover)
• "I knew you were trouble" - Taylor Swift
• "Blank Page" - Christina Aguilera
• "Hello" - Lione Richie (Glee cover)




✿ Movies seen

Crazy, stupid, love. | 8/10 (ENG)
Vampires Suck | ???/10 (ENG)
It's a wonderful life | 9/10 (ENG)
Bambi | 8/10 (ENG)
Puss in Boots | 7/10 (ENG)
In Time | 8/10 (ENG)
Restless | 9.5/10 (ENG)
Like Crazy | 3/10 (ENG)
Melancholia | 8/10 (ENG)
Water for Elephants | 9/10 (ENG)
Friends with Benefits | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Little Miss Sunshine | 9/10 (ENG)
The Good Guy | 8/10 (ENG)
Valentine's Day - Appuntamento con l'amore | 8/10
Rapunzel | 8/10
The Help | 9.5/10 (ENG)
Waiting for forever | 7.5/10 (ENG)
The Descendants | 7.5/10 (ENG)
Hugo | 8/10 (ENG)
A Princess for Christmas | 7/10 (ENG)
My Week with Marilyn | 8.5/10 (ENG)
J. Edgar | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Breaking Dawn (part 1) | 4.5/10 (ENG)
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind | 7.5/10 (ENG)
Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close | 9.5/10 (ENG)
Sixteen Candles | 7/10 (ENG)
The Vow | 8/10 (ENG)
One for the money | 5/10 (ENG)
New Year's Eve | 8/10 (ENG)
This means war | 9/10 (ENG)
Mission Impossible IV - Ghost Protocol | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Mirror Mirror | 7/10 (ENG)
Iron Man | 7/10 (ENG)
Cattivissimo Me | 9/10
Romeo + Juliet | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Killing Bono | 9/10 (ENG)
Killers | 7/10
Sherlock Holmes - A Game of Shadows | 5/10 (ENG)
Bridesmaids | 7.5/10 (ENG)
Heathers | 8/10 (ENG)
The Tourist | 7/10 (ENG)
The Hunger Games | 7.5/10 (ENG)
50/50 | 9/10 (ENG)
The Lorax | 8/10 (ENG)
Uptown Girls | 8/10 (ENG)
John Tucker must die | 7/10 (ENG)
The Lucky One | 7/10 (ENG)
Happy Feet 2 | 8/10 (ENG)
Madagascar 2 | 7/10
She's all that | 6.5/10 (ENG)
Miss FBI | 9/10
Snowhite & the Huntsman | 7/10 (ENG)
When Harry Met Sally | 8/10 (ENG)
Wanderlust | 6/10 (ENG)
Ice Age 4 | 6/10 (ENG)
Ice Age 3 | 8/10
Jersey Girl | 9/10 (ENG)
The Amazing Spider-Man | 8/10 (ENG)
Dead Pets Society | 9/10 (ENG)
Sparkle | 7/10 (ENG)
Brave | 7/10 (ENG)
Lo Hobbit | 9/10 *
Moulin Rouge! | 10/10 (ENG)
Magic Mike | 6 (but a 10/10 for the strippers)/10 (ENG)

*at the cinema




✿ TV Shows

The Big Bang Theory (Season 5 | Season 6)
Glee (Season 3 | Season 4)
Friends (Season 6 | Season 7)
Supernatural (Season 7 | Season 8)
One Tree Hill (Season 9)
Make it or Break it (Season 3)
The Vampire Diaries (Season 3 | Season 4)
C.S.I.: NY (Season 7 | Season 8)
Gossip Girl (Season 5 | Season 6)
White Collar (Season 3 | Season 4)
Gilmore Girls (Season 1 | Season 2 | Season 3 | Season 4 | Season 5)
New Girl (Season 1 | Season 2)
Revenge (Season 1 | Season 2)
Once Upon a Time (Season 1 | Season 2)
Merlin (Season 4 | Season 5)
Wizards of Waverly Place (Season 1)
Desperate Housewives (Season 7)
Sherlock Holmes (Season 1 | Season 2)
House MD (Season 8)
Smash (Season 1)
Grey's Anatomy (Season 7 | Season 8)
Bunheads (Season 1)
Suits (Season 2)
Doctor Who (Season 7)
C.S.I.: Miami (Season 10)
Dating Rules from my Future Self (Season 1 | Season 2)
Italia's Got Talent (3rd edition)
Amici (10th edition)
X-Factor IT (5th edtion | 6th edition)
The Voice (Season 2 | Season 3)
Grammy Awards (54th edition)
Grammy Awards (52nd edition)
Academy Awards (84th edition) Red Carpet and Main Show
MTV Movie Awards 2012
Christina Aguilera's Back to Basics Live (2008)
Christina Aguilera Stripped Tour @ London (2004)
Teen Choice Awards 2012
The X-Factor US (Season 2)
Colorado Cafè
Ti Lascio una Canzone
46th Annual CMAs (2012)
40th American Music Awards (AMAs) (2012)




✿ Best Episodes

The Big Bang Theory 5x13 "The Recombination Hypothesis"
Once Upon a Time 1x10 "7:15 AM"
White Collar 3x12 "Upper West Side Story"
The Big Bang Theory 5x16 "The Vacation Solution"
The Big Bang Theory 5x18 "The Werewolf Transformation"
Friends 7x04 "The One with Rachel's Assistant"
Friends 7x12 "The One Where They're Up All Night"
The Big Bang Theory 5x19 "The Weekend Vortex"
Gilmore Girls 2x05 "Nick & Nora, Sid & Nancy"
Once Upon a Time 1x17 "Hat Trick"
New Girl 1x18 "Fancyman (Part 2)"
Sherlock 2x01 "A Scandal in Belgravia"
Make it or Break it 3x03 "Time is of the Essence"
Revenge 1x18 "Justice"
Doctor Who Confidential 5x11 "Extra Time"
Glee 3x17 "Dance with somebody"
Supernatural 7x20 "The Girl with the Dungeons and Dragons Tattoo"
Gilmore Girls 3x16 "The Big One"
Bunheads 1x05 "Money for Nothing"
Doctor Who "Time & Space"
White Collar 4x05 "Honor among thieves"
Doctor Who 7x02 "Dinosaurs on a Spaceship"
The Big Bang Theory 6x03 "The Higgs Boson Observation"
The Big Bang Theory 6x08 "The 43 Peculiarity"
Gilmore Girls 4x17 "Girls in Bikinis, Boys Doin' the Twist"
The Big Bang Theory 6x09 "The Parking Lot Escalation"




✿ Ships

White Collar | Peter/Elizabeth
One Tree Hill | Brooke/Julian
One Tree Hill | Haley/Nathan
Make it or Break it | Payson/Sasha
The Big Bang Theory | Penny-Amy-Bernardette
The Big Bang Theory | Bernardette/Howard
One Tree Hill | Alex/Chase
White Collar | Neal-Peter
Doctor Who | Whoever travels with him/Doctor
Gilmore Girls | Lorelai/Luke
RL | Karen Gillan/Matt Smith
Revenge | Emily-Nolan
XF5 | Jessica/Morgan
Once Upon a Time | Mary Margaret/David
The Voice 2 | Adam/Blake
Game of Thrones | Renly Baratheon/Sir Loras Tyrell
Suits | Mike-His Grandma
Suits | Harvey/Donna
YouTube | Carrie Fletcher/Alex Day




✿ Random Crushes

• Sir Leon the Great | Merlin
• Nolan Ross | Revenge
• Matt Bomer
• Amy Farrah Fowler | The big bang theory
• Neal Caffrey | White Collar
• Snow White/Mary Margaret | Once Upon a Time
• Tag | Friends
• Blake Shelton | The Voice
• Ben Barnes
• Taylor Swift
• Kaley Cuoco
• Katharine McPhee
• RaeLynn | The Voice
• Juliet Simms | The Voice
• Gabriel Mann
• Jana Kramer
Lilian Masie
• Mike Ross| Suits
• Karen Gillan
• Matteo Becucci
• Louis Litt | Suits
• Joseph Gordon-Levitt
• Lorelai Gilmore | Gilmore Girls
• My guitar
• Captain Hook | Once Upon a Time
• Thorin Oakshield | The Hobbit
• Kili & Fili | The Hobbit
• Aidan Turner
HelloKatyxo




✿ Fashion loved

Jackets
Tops
Bottoms
Accessories
Dresses
Shoes
Bags





✿ Shopping

• 32 mm curling Iron by Imetec
• Kiko lipgloss/lipstick in Red
• Deborah roll-on eyeshadow in Rose
• Essence makeup revomer
• Nail patch by Essence
• Nail polish pen by Essence in Black
Red lip pencil by Kiko
Reddish lipstick by Kiko
Bloom Blush 02 by Kiko
Nail polish 389 by Kiko
Nail polish 359 by Kiko
• Nail Polish by Pupa (for free)
• Brown mascara by Kiko
Nail file by Sephora
• Hair clips by Sephora
Dry Shampoo by Lush
Color Tatoo gel-cream eyeshadow by Maybelinne in Permanent Taupe
Caresse Lipstick by L'Oreal in 06 Aphrodite Scarlet
Stick eyeshadow by Deborah in 10
Stick eyeshadow by Deborah in 03
T-shirts by Terranova
Shirt by Terranova
Coral shirt by Terranova
Tank top with bows by Terranova
Flower scarf by Terranova
Nail polish by Kiko (#275)
Nail Polish by Kiko (#297)
Ultra Glossy Stilo lipstick by Kiko (#820)
Ultra Glossy Stilo lipstick by Kiko (#804)
Definition waterproof eyeliner (#08)
Maybelline watershine lipstick (123 in Pink Opulence)
• Yellow Pupa Nail polish
Essence Stampy set
Essence Stampy Black Nail Polish
Essence Brown Brows Pencil
Essence White Kajal
Essence Stampy Designs
Pupa Glossy Lips (09)
Super Colour Lipgloss in 03 by Kiko
Super Colour Eyeliner in 105 by Kiko
Medium Bent Nail Brush by Kiko (402)
Shaka nail polish (302)
My Skin Soft Clensing Gel by Essence
Pure Skin Anti-spot 4in1 Cream Wash by Essence
Pure Skin Anti-spot Moisturizer by Essence
Pure Skin Purifying Nose strips by Essence
Pure Skin Purifying Face strips by Essence
Volumizing lash powder by Essence
Lash & Brow gel mascara by Essence
T-shirt by Terranova (man)
Sweatpants by Terranova
Tank Top (Disney) by Terranova
Tank Top by Terranova
Gym Sweather by Terranova
Black Clutch by Terranova
Necklace
Polka dots Foulard
Gym Shoes by Asics
• Sport Bra by Decathlon
• Black bra by Intimissimi
• Face wash brugh by Kiko
• Hydra Body + body cream by Kiko
Snoopy sweater by OVS
Polka dots shirt by Baby Angel
Tank top with lace details by OVS
Black&Gray dress by Combipel
Black dress by Combipel
• Imation portable hard drive (500GB)
Unlimited lipgloss by Kiko (#11)
Building base mascara by Kiko
Gray clutch by Carpisa
Gray wallet by Carpisa
Taupe tote bag by Carpisa
Tangerine sweater by Terranova
White sweater by Terranova
Revlon Lip butter in Sugar Frosting 005
Maybelline Dream Fresh BB cream
Pucca Mobile Case
Brown sweater by OVS
Black Cardigan by Combipel
Plaid gray shorts by OVS
Black Jacket
Trousers by Monella Vagabonda
Kate Moss Lipstick in #22
Maybelline Color Tattoo in Pink Gold
Bioderma Sensibio H2O Solution Micellaire
Cetaphil face cleanser
Aloe Vera face moisturizer by Equilibra
Liquid Blush by Be Chic
Glitter Nail Polish by Pupa Milano (#817)
Black jeans by Terranova
Gray Beanie by Terranova
Black pencil skirt by Terranova
• Green jeans by Terranova
• PJ by Terranova
Lace beige turtleneck
Black long sweather by Paquita
White sweater by H&M
Burgondy sweather by H&M
H&M Socks
H&M Lipstick in Darling Pink
H&M Mirror&Hairbrush




✿ Presents

Wall-E by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Unicorno by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Limelight by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Peaches&Cream by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Bonbon by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed blush in Emoticons by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Set of 4 mineral foundation by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
• Samsung Galaxy S 8GB (MP3) + sholarship by Thales Alenia Space
• Various money as Christmas present
Clinique Chubby Sticks by mom, dad & sis as Christmas present
Chanel lipstick (#95 Enjouèe) + 2 Chanel samples by mom and dad as Christmas present
Pupa palette by Aunt Ginevra as Christmas present




✿ Links

What the fuck is 50 shades of grey - Alex Day (video)
10 Mood Lifters (list)
Narnia 2 Bloopers (video)
Enter the Prince: Introducing Prince Caspian (video)
The Big Bang Theory season 4 Bloopers (video)
Bunny sleeping in a hand (video)
Taylor Swift @ Good Morning America, October 22nd (video)
Taylor Swift on boys she dated (video)
Taylor Swift comments "Love Story" video (video)
Taylor Swift comments "You Belong With Me" video (video)
Amanda from The Voice singing "Dream On" (My jaw dropped during her performance)(video)
Hayden Panettiere & TSwift's guitar (video)
Andrew Garfield&The beard on The Ellen Show (video)
Andrew Garfield dancing on The Ellen Show (video)
Taylor Swift & Zac Efron on The Ellen Show (video)
Failing Cats (video)
How Quickly Can You Name The Dwarves? (video)
Fifth Harmony "Anything Could Happen" (video)
The Hobbit's Naughty Dwarf Calendar?! (video)
Steve Pavlina's Blog (link)




✿ Song sung

• "On my own" - Eponine from Les Mis
• "Notturno" - Mia Martini




✿ Covers

"Teardrops on my guitar" - Taylor Swift (guitar&voice)
"Time is running out" - Muse
"Skinny Love" - Birdy
"Safe&Sound" - Taylor Swift & The Civil Wars
"Notturno" - Mia Martini
"On My Own" - from Les Mis



          Mangrove deforestation in Madagascar: What are the options?        
Original Article from voices.nationalgeographic.com Mangrove deforestation in Madagascar: What are the options?. The last time you heard from us at Blue Ventures, my colleague Garth Cripps was talking about shark fishing on Madagascar’s west coast.  Here Dr. Trevor Jones, our Blue Carbon Science guru, talks about his favorite coastal ecosystem, mangrove forests, and some of the ways...
          Mundo- El gran sueño Africano        
6-7-17   Le Monde Diplo en español

El gran sueño africano


Ignacio Ramonet



Con la llegada del verano, volvemos a asistir a los repetidos y a veces trágicos asaltos contra las murallas alambradas de Melilla, llevados a cabo –con sofisticadas técnicas y artimañas de asedio medieval– por disciplinadas columnas de jóvenes subsaharianos. En otras zonas (Canarias, la isla italiana de Lampedusa, las costas de Sicilia, de Grecia, de Chipre, de Malta y la isla francesa de Mayotte, cerca de Madagascar), los “invasores” llegan casi siempre a las playas de noche –cuando no zozobran–, en silenciosas embarcaciones, como antaño lo hacían sin duda vikingos, normandos o sarracenos.
En Europa y en otras partes del mundo rico, muchos (entre ellos el presidente estadounidense Donald Trump) tienden a considerar a esos “asaltantes” como agresores, delincuentes y hasta criminales. La extrema derecha europea reclama más mano dura para repeler a los intrusos, menos miramientos, y la adopción urgente de medidas más radicales. Más vigilancia, más policía, más ejército, más expulsiones... Y no siempre se pregunta: ¿por qué causas están dispuestas esas personas a correr tantos riesgos para, en definitiva, poner, por precio vil, al servicio de nuestro confort y nuestro alto nivel de vida, su fuerza de trabajo?
El África Subsahariana es una de las regiones más empobrecidas del planeta.
Con una pobreza extrema que se explica por diversos factores. En primer lugar: la trata de esclavos, crimen y genocidio que vació durante siglos el subcontinente de millones de sus hombres y mujeres más jóvenes, sanos y fornidos, obligando a comunidades enteras a vivir escondidas y aisladas en las profundidades de la jungla, sin contacto alguno con los progresos de la técnica y de la ciencia.
Rememorarse también que África ha sido, hasta hace apenas unos decenios, tierra de colonización. De una colonización impuesta por las potencias europeas a sangre y fuego, a base de guerras, exterminios y deportaciones. Todos los poderes locales que osaron oponerse y resistir a los conquistadores –portugueses, holandeses, británicos, franceses, alemanes, italianos o españoles– fueron aplastados.
En el aspecto económico, las potencias coloniales establecieron, de modo autoritario, una economía fundada en la exportación de materias primas hacia la “metrópoli” y en el consumo obligatorio de productos manufacturados producidos en Europa. De esa manera, África perdió en los dos tableros. Y esa doble explotación, por lo esencial, no se ha modificado.
Por ejemplo, Costa de Marfil, primer productor mundial de cacao (el 40% del volumen mundial) nunca ha podido desarrollar una industria chocolatera exportadora. Lo mismo se puede afirmar de Malí o Níger, dos de los principales productores de algodón, quienes se han hallado en la imposibilidad de montar una verdadera industria textil. Y eso porque, en general, las excesivas tarifas aduaneras impuestas por los países importadores ricos a los eventuales productos elaborados en el Sur arruinan toda posible competencia con los productos fabricados en el Norte.
Los países desarrollados quieren conservar la exclusividad de la transformación de las materias primas, o, en el marco de la globalización liberal, aceptan deslocalizar sus fábricas hacia China o Bangladesh, donde la mano de obra es hábil, dócil y sobre todo barata, pero no están en absoluto dispuestas a invertir en África, ni en desarrollar en este continente un sector industrial importante.
La división internacional del trabajo, efectuada en favor de los intereses de los países del Norte, atribuye a África un papel subalterno, marginal, lo cual impide a este continente entrar en la espiral virtuosa del desarrollo.
Las fabulosas riquezas mineras y forestales del continente africano son vendidas a precios de saldo, para el mayor enriquecimiento de las empresas importadoras y transformadoras del Norte. De ese modo, no se crean empleos ni siquiera en las industrias agroalimentarias, que es el sector básico a partir del cual se puede edificar un verdadero desarrollo agrícola, y más tarde industrial. Por eso también, África es el último continente que aún conoce con regularidad crisis alimentarias y hasta hambrunas.
Esta región del mundo, tan a menudo calificada por los medios dominantes del Norte de “subdesarrollada”, “violenta”, “caótica” e “infernal”, no habría conocido tal inestabilidad política – golpes de Estado militares, insurrecciones, masacres, genocidios, guerras civiles, terrorismo yihadista–, si los países ricos del Norte (empezando por las antiguas potencias coloniales) le hubiesen ofrecido posibilidades de desarrollo reales en lugar de seguir explotándola. La pobreza creciente se ha convertido en causa de desorden político, de corrupción, de nepotismo y de inestabilidad crónica. Y esta misma inestabilidad desalienta a los inversores, tanto locales como internacionales. Con lo cual se cierra el círculo vicioso del laberinto de la pobreza.
Todo esto explica por qué hoy un (o una) joven del sur del Sahara, en plena salud y a menudo con buena formación educativa, no desea seguir viviendo en lo que es el calabozo del mundo. Decenas de miles, en este momento, están marchando hacia los vados que conducen a Europa, con la esperanza de poder vivir, por fin, una vida normal. Y quizá también con la reivindicación inconsciente de que algo les debemos de nuestra riqueza actual.
Esto es solo el comienzo, y no se sabe qué tipo de muros habrá que construir para desalentar el flujo. Porque el Banco Mundial acaba de advertir de que la bomba demográfica ya ha estallado, y que ya hay en los países pobres unos 2.500 millones de jóvenes menores de 22 años que no encuentran trabajo en sus países. Y cuya única perspectiva es correr al asalto de las murallas de Europa...
Para algunos países africanos del Sahel, que están entre los Estados más pobres del mundo, como Malí, Burkina Faso, Níger y Chad, el algodón, “oro blanco”, representa entre un 30% y un 40% del valor de sus exportaciones. Es, por consiguiente, un producto vital del que, en estos Estados, viven directamente tres millones de agricultores e indirectamente más de quince millones de personas… “El algodón está ligado a la historia de África y a la penosa historia de la esclavitud –dice Aminata Traoré, exministra de Cultura de Malí–, pero hoy queremos que nos ayude a liberarnos y no que nos esclavice de nuevo”.
Estos países pobres, en los últimos decenios, han sacrificado otras infraestructuras y han hecho esfuerzos considerables (construcción de embalses, canales de riego) para aumentar las superficies dedicadas al cultivo del algodón. Y hoy se encuentran en una situación dramática porque, a pesar del bajísimo coste de una producción realizada por campesinos pobres, el algodón africano se vende mal a la exportación y resulta más caro que el que producen algunos países ricos como Estados Unidos, que controla el 30% de las exportaciones mundiales de la fibra blanca.
¿Cómo es posible que el algodón producido a precio de oro en Norteamérica resulte más barato que el que se cultiva a coste infrahumano en África? Sencillamente porque Washington vierte a sus productores de algodón unas subvenciones anuales de unos 3.000 millones de dólares… Por eso el algodón estadounidense puede venderse en el mercado internacional a un precio inferior al de su coste y hasta más bajo que el precio del “oro blanco” africano.
Consecuencia: si esas subvenciones se mantienen, se producirá una catástrofe económica de gran envergadura en esos países africanos del Sahel que ya se encuentran entre los menos avanzados del planeta. Millones de agricultores seguirán abandonando el campo para ir a enrolarse en los ejércitos yihadistas que controlan gran parte del Sahel; o irán a hacinarse en los barrios de chabolas de las periferias urbanas desde donde la miseria y el hambre empujarán a los más atrevidos a tratar de emigrar a Europa. A bordo de cayucos hasta Canarias, o atravesando el desierto del Sahara hasta Libia intentando después cruzar a Italia.
Del algodón a la patera solo hay un paso. Y aunque parezca que una cosa no tiene que ver con la otra, los países de la Unión Europea, y entre estos los más expuestos a la entrada de los inmigrantes clandestinos subsaharianos, deberían insistir para que se supriman las subvenciones a las exportaciones agrícolas, y en particular a las del algodón, que solo benefician a unos miles de agricultores norteamericanos mientras arruinan a millones de africanos.
Recordemos que la actividad principal, a escala planetaria, sigue siendo la agricultura. De todos los campesinos del mundo, apenas unos 30 millones disponen de un tractor, 250 millones trabajan con instrumentos de tracción animal y 1.300 millones usan herramientas manuales… Esa es la dramática realidad de la agricultura de hoy.
En junio de 2005, para tratar la situación de África y como coartada en dirección a la opinión pública mundial, los jefes de Estado del G-8 invitaron a los presidentes de Sudáfrica, Argelia, Etiopía, Ghana, Senegal y Tanzania, además de a Kofi Annan, entonces secretario general de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU). La idea de Tony Blair, primer ministro británico en aquel momento y que presidía ese G-8, era reducir la deuda externa de los países intermediarios, después de haber reducido la de trece países pobres de África. También proponía aumentar la ayuda pública al desarrollo (APD) unos 25.000 millones de dólares al año durante un lustro hasta alcanzar el 0,75% del producto nacional bruto (PNB). El presidente estadounidense George W. Bush se opuso a ello bajo el pretexto de que África no sería capaz de absorber tal cantidad de capitales... Sin embargo, la ayuda propuesta por Tony Blair era inferior a lo que estaba costando entonces la guerra de Irak. Otros observadores recordaron que Estados Unidos consintió consagrar, después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, no el 0,75% de su PNB, sino el 1% durante cuatro años para ayudar a reconstruir Europa con el Plan Marshall...
Si de verdad quisieran ayudar a África, los países ricos tendrían que tomar, con urgencia, cinco sencillas medidas:
— Primera, suprimir definitivamente la deuda externa africana (por cada dólar prestado, África ya ha devuelto 1,3 dólares solo en intereses).
— Segunda, suprimir las subvenciones a las exportaciones agrícolas que inundan, a precios de saldo, los mercados de los países en desarrollo y destruyen la agricultura local.
— Tercera, abrir los mercados agrícolas de Norteamérica, de la Unión Europea y de Japón a los productos africanos.
— Cuarta, aceptar que los países africanos establezcan una política proteccionista en favor de sus producciones locales tanto agrícolas como industriales, sin que el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI) o el Banco Mundial los sancione.
— Y quinta, reorientar la investigación farmacéutica para curar las epidemias endémicas de África (cuando hoy, el 90% de la investigación farmacéutica está orientada a mejorar la vida del 10% de la población rica mundial).
Los recursos abundan y existen soluciones para erradicar la pobreza en África y en el resto del planeta; falta voluntad política. ¿Cuándo se acabará de admitir que suprimiendo la pobreza y las injusticias, se suprimen las principales causas del terrorismo en el mundo?

http://www.monde-diplomatique.es/?url=editorial/0000856412872168186811102294251000/editorial/?articulo=234c9d2c-9c0d-4bd9-9150-1b8399d6f7ab


           Proposed sampling methods for the Madagascar regional geochemical mapping project         
Johnson, C.C.; Ridgway, J.. 2005 Proposed sampling methods for the Madagascar regional geochemical mapping project. British Geological Survey, 43pp. (IR/05/110) (Unpublished)
          Glow-in-the-dark tool lets scientists find diseased bats and other wildlife health news        
TOP STORIES

Glow-in-the-dark tool lets scientists find diseased bats

Scientists working to understand the devastating bat disease known as white-nose syndrome now have a new, non-lethal tool to identify bats with WNS lesions -- ultraviolet, or UV, light. Millions of bats have died from this rapidly spreading disease and this new method allows for accurate detection of the disease without killing any more bats.

Science Daily
29 May 2014

>>> FULL ARTICLE

Cited Journal Article
Gregory G. Turner, et al. Nonlethal Screening of Bat-Wing Skin With the Use of Ultraviolet Fluorescence to Detect Lesions Indicative of White-Nose Syndrome. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2014; 140522114529005 DOI: 10.7589/2014-03-058

Other White-Nose Syndrome News
>>> 'Listening' helps scientists track bats without exposing the animals to disease


To Michigan's animal pathologist, solving wildlife deaths is 'a fun job'

... But while most wildlife enthusiasts would prefer to handle living animals, Cooley has spent the past 35 years up to his elbows in the carcasses of dead deer, waterfowl or other creatures that have met their demise from unknown circumstances. As the Michigan Department of Natural Resources’ animal pathologist, Cooley’s job is to solve the mysteries of wildlife death.

... The animals that end up in Cooley’s necropsy lab at Michigan State University come from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, USDA Wildlife Services and the public. Sometimes, the cause of death is obvious. For example, an animal found on the side of the road with broken bones and bruises would likely have been hit by a car.

Other times, the answer is not as straightforward.

“You never know what you’re getting into,” said Julie Melotti, Cooley’s lab technician of seven years. “But sometimes you assume something is roadkill and it turns out to be something completely different.”

Cooley and his staff of two veterinarians, two lab scientists and two technicians are responsible for investigating and reporting trends in animal health throughout the state. Their role is to predict the next epidemic and make suggestions for preventing it, if possible.

“Wildlife health and human health, you can’t separate them. They are intertwined,” Cooley said. “The way people can travel and animals can travel, you can have a disease on the other side of the world and all of a sudden you find it in Michigan.”

Detroit News
01 Jun 2014

>>> FULL ARTICLE


Genome Sequences Reveal How Lemurs Fight Infection

New technique could aid conservation, disease surveillance

The young lemur named Eugenius started to get sick. Very sick. He was lethargic, losing weight and suffering from diarrhea. Duke Lemur Center veterinarians soon pinpointed the cause of his illness: Eugenius tested positive for Cryptosporidium, a microscopic intestinal parasite known to affect people, pets, livestock and wildlife worldwide.

In humans, thousands of cases of Cryptosporidium are reported in the United States each year, spread primarily through contaminated water.

Since Eugenius was the first animal diagnosed in 1999, the parasite has caused periodic diarrhea outbreaks at the Duke Lemur Center. All of the infected animals are sifakas — the only lemur species out of 17 at the center known to fall prey to the parasite — and most of them were under age five when they got sick.

Despite various efforts to stop the infection, such as quarantining infected lemurs and decontaminating their enclosures, more than half of the sifakas living at the center have tested positive for crypto at some point. While most animals recover, the pattern has veterinarians puzzled over why the outbreaks persist.

Now, thanks to advances in next-generation sequencing technology, researchers are getting closer to understanding how these endangered animals fight the infection and detecting the illness early enough to minimize its spread.

Red Orbit
01 Jun 2014


>>> FULL ARTICLE

Cited Journal Article
P. A. Larsen et al. Next-generation approaches to advancing eco-immunogenomic research in critically endangered primates. Molecular Ecology Resources. Ahead of print 29 May 2014. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12274



OTHER WILDLIFE HEALTH RELATED NEWS


          Wildlife Disease Journal Digest        

Browse complete Digest publication library here


Sampling strategies and biodiversity of influenza a subtypes in wild birds
PLoS One. 2014 Mar 5;9(3):e90826. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090826. eCollection 2014.
Olson SH et al.

Presence of the Amphibian Chytrid Fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Native Amphibians Exported from Madagascar
PLoS One. 2014 Mar 5;9(3):e89660. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089660. eCollection 2014.
Kolby JE.

Leukocyte response to eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in a wild passerine bird
Avian Dis. 2013 Dec;57(4):744-9.
Owen J et al.

Echinococcosis in wild carnivorous species: epidemiology, genotypic diversity, and implications for veterinary public health
Veterinary Parasitology. 2014; [Epub ahead of print 2014 Mar 14]. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2014.03.009
David Carmena and Guillermo A. Cardona

Is there a relation between genetic or social groups of mallard ducks and the circulation of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses?
Veterinary Microbiology. 2014; [Epub ahead of print 2014 Mar 12]. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.03.001
Maria A. De Marco et al

A current review of avian influenza in pigeons and doves (Columbidae)
Veterinary Microbiology. 2014; [Epub ahead of print 2014 Mar 12]. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.02.042
Celia Abolnik

Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia IVb Status in the United States: Inferences from Surveillance Activities and Regional Context
Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 2014; [Epub ahead of print 2014 Mar 06]. doi:
L.L. Gustafson et al.

Seasonal reactivation enables Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 to persist in a wild host population
Fems Microbiology Ecology. 2014 Feb; 87 (2):536-542. doi:10.1111/1574-6941.12242
Uchii, K; Minamoto, T; Honjo, MN; Kawabata, Z

The importance of temporal heterothermy in bats
Journal of Zoology. 2014 Feb; 292 (2):86-100. doi:10.1111/jzo.12105
Authors: Stawski, C; Willis, CKR; Geiser, F

Organic contaminants in bats: Trends and new issues
Environment International. 2014 Feb; 63: 40-52. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2013.10.009
Authors: Bayat, S; Geiser, F; Kristiansen, P; Wilson, SC

          La Prehistoria del Gato.        


El animal que conocemos actualmente se desarrolló en el curso de una evolución de por lo menos cuarenta millones de años. Numerosos fósiles permiten reconstituir el origen de los félidos salvajes, de los que el gato forma parte.
Los félidos salvajes constituyen a una familia muy homogénea. Hembras y machos son similares, los machos son solamente más grandes y más pesados, sólo el león marca una diferencia, con su melena.
Son los carnívoros por excelencia y los animales mejor adaptados a la captura de presas vivas. Cosmopolitas, sólo están ausentes de la Antártida, Australia, Madagascar, Las Antillas y algunas otras islas.
La familia de los félidos (Felinae) comprende tres subfamilias: Nimravinae, actualmente extinta, Acynonichinae, que incluye el Gueopardo, y Felinae, con dos grupos de especies, los grandes felinos (género Panthera) y los pequeños felinos (genero Felis), de los que proviene el gato doméstico.

EL ORIGEN DE LOS FELINOS:
Trás la extinción de los dinosaurios, hacia el final de era secundaria, aparecen los primeros mamíferos. De hecho, unos sobrevivientes, los insectívoros, habrían originados los carnívoros y los primates, en el Crestáceo superior, hace unos setenta millones de años.
Los félidos primitivos:
En el Oligoceno, se perfila claramente entre los félidos una tendencia que conduce a la individualización de dos líneas diferentes de felinos. Por una parte, aparece el género Eusmilus, animales grandes y robustos, pero lentos, provistos de enormes colmillos en forma de hoja de sable; por otra, grandes gatos más ágiles y más rápidos, con una dentición similar a la de los actuales félidos.
El gato domestico actual, desciende, sin duda, del gato salvaje africano. De hecho, descendería de muchas especies salvajes, entre las que se halla el gato indio del desierto, que vive en Irán, Pakistán y en la India, y que se acerca naturalmente al hombre. Su pelaje es gris amarillento, con manchas negras redondaeadas, y tiene una cola larga, anillada, negra en la punta. El gato salvaje africano, que se cruzó con el anterior y fue domesticado en Egipto 2.500 a. C.



          Artiglio del diavolo: tutti i benefici        

Antinfiammatorio e analgesico naturale, l’artiglio del diavolo è conosciuto come rimedio efficace e potente per curare moltissimi disturbi e malanni fisici.  Una pianta perenne dell’Africa Sud-Occidentale che cresce nel deserto e nella steppa di Namibia e Madagascar: l’artiglio del diavolo prende il suo nome così particolare dagli uncini presenti sulle sue estremità, molto pericolosi perché […]

Leggi l'articolo completo "Artiglio del diavolo: tutti i benefici" su Benessere.io.


          La cascade de Grand Galet or Cascades Langevin on Réunion Since 2 weeks I'm...        

La cascade de Grand Galet or Cascades Langevin on Réunion

Since 2 weeks I'm back from my beautiful holiday on the island Réunion, a french island between Madagascar and Mauritius.

Of course I have made some photos and last week I have finished to sort out all the photos and do a little postprocessing on them. So let's start with this shot which shows you the Grand Galet Falls or also named Langevin Falls. As you may see on the shot it was raining very strong and it was hard to manage that my camera and stuff wasn't too wet during this shot.

Photo by Daniel Isenmann


          [US] Wal-Mart details Black Friday deals        



Black Friday, the Friday after American Thanksgiving, begins the traditional Christmas shopping season. In recent years, the unofficial holiday has been one of the busiest retail shopping days of the year with many of the larger retailers opening their doors as early as midnight on the start of Black Friday.

This year, Wal-Mart, the world's largest retailer, is boasting many solid electronic deals in hopes of drawing many consumers into the store.

The following are some of the key offerings, courtesy of Destructoid.

Gaming hardware:


Video games:

  • Rock Band Special Edition (PS3 or Xbox 360) - $50
  • Midnight Club LA - $10
  • Grand Theft Auto IV - $10
  • The Godfather (PS3) - $10
  • NFS: Undercover (PS3) - $10
  • Command and Conquer: Red alert 3 (360) - $7

At Walmart.com, starting Thanksgiving:

  • Philips Noise Canceling Headphones – under $20
  • Sanyo 8-MP digital camera – under $60
  • Garmin Nuvi 205 GPS – under $100
  • RCA 42" LCD HDTV (42" diagonal viewing area) – under $600

In store, starting Friday:

  • Emerson 32-inch LCD HDTV (31.5" diagonal viewing area) for $248
  • 42-inch Plasma (42.3" diagonal viewing area) for $448
  • HP Laptop Computer 3 GB memory, 250 GB hard drive – $298
  • Magnavox Blu-ray Disc Player – $78
  • Sony Bravia 40-inch LCD HDTV (40" diagonal viewing area) – $598
  • Sony Blu-ray Disc Player, Model BDP-S360 – $118
  • $9 DVD movies, with titles including Star Trek and GI Joe
Source: http://www.neowin.net/news/main/09/11/23/us-wal-mart-details-black-friday-deals
          Wal-Mart details Black Friday deals        



Black Friday looms, and never larger than at Wal-Mart’s door. Destructoid’s listing the store’s deals, which are apparently “damned solid”.

Steph’s American, so she’d know if this is true or not, but it’s Steph-night-off-Monday, so we’re assuming it is.

Here’s some of it:

  • Nintendo DS Lite – $98
  • PS3 Slim + Batman: Arkam Asylum, inFamous, and Dark Knight (movie) – $299
  • Xbox 360 Arcade + Madagascar 2 game and movie – $199
  • Nintendo Wii Console w/ Wii Sports Resort (walmart.com only) – under $300
  • Rock Band Special Edition (PS3 or Xbox 360) – $50
  • Midnight Club LA – $10
  • Grand Theft Auto IV – $10
  • The Godfather (PS3) – $10
  • NFS: Undercover (PS3) – $10
  • Command and Conquer: Red Alert 3 (360) – $7
Source: http://www.vg247.com/2009/11/23/wal-mart-details-black-friday-deals/
           Blogoscars 2013 Unofficial Entry "Those Guys That Stood Beside Jessica Chastain - The Sequel"        


4) That Animal #4 ( Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted )

madagascar

3) That Guy #3 ( Lawless )

hardy

 2) That Guy #2 ( Zero Dark Thirty )


 Photobucket


 1) That Guy #1 ( Coriolanus )

Photobucket

          â€˜Closer and closer to the families’        
Liva Rajaonarisina is Unbound’s program coordinator in Antsirabe, Madagascar. With experience working in mission work, translation and employee training, Liva has worked for Unbound as program coordinator since 2008. Unbound has 37 projects in the 19 countries where we work. The projects serve as regional hubs in areas where sponsored members live, and are the coordinating centers for community-based programs […]
          Global Insight Series features staff from Africa and Asia        
The inaugural edition of the Unbound Global Insight Series March 29 at our headquarters in Kansas City unfolded as an evening of discovery, an opportunity to listen and learn from three program coordinators visiting from India, Madagascar and the Philippines. Saritha Mendanha, Liva Rajaonarisina and Risa Vereña shared insights on our programs and the innovative ways that sponsorship provides opportunities […]
          Merry Christmas from Unbound!        
Everyone here at Unbound, in Kansas City and around the world, wants to wish a very merry Christmas and happy holidays to our sponsors, donors and everyone who has supported us over the past 35 years. Please enjoy this video of sponsored children from Madagascar singing “Silent Night” in Malagasy.
          Jungle Speakers        
Imagine being in the middle of the rainforest and finding (almost) all the materials necessary for building some decent loudspeakers! During a two-week expedition into the jungles of Madagascar we did exactly this - Hacking the Wild!These Jungle Speakers were first made during the Dissemination Lab ...
By: Plusea

Continue Reading »
          Uff daa.        
So, up until a day ago, things were going pretty darn well in Chimundo.  I finished my first trimester of teaching, managed to write up 600 grades by hand, and participated in our week of conselhos, where we teachers wrote down our thousands of grades by hand in several more source documents.  It was about as fun as it sounds, but surprisingly wasn´t too awful.  Because of  conselhos, we teachers didn´t get a break, so last week, I jumped right into the second trimester, with a slightly better grasp of Portuguese and slightly better grasp of classroom management.  Slightly.
I´ve been living with my sitemate for the last month and a half, and since it´s been so pleasant to have company, electricity, someone to cook with, and someone to even do Pilates with, we agreed to continue living together permanently at her house.  We even bought a chicken together to have eggs.  But the morning after we decided this, I went back to my old house to begin organizing my belongings and found my front door ajar.  And my bedroom door ajar.  And most of my things gone.  Someone had entered my house that night, using a screwdriver to pry open the doors, and stole my suitcases, violin, and even a drawer from my bed.  Thankfully, my computer and good camera were already at my sitemate´s, and the thieves passed on most of my clothing, but when they lifted my suitcases, they got US dollars and my Peace Corps passport.  I´m sure those are long gone, but I wonder how much good they will get out of my two-year supply of contact lenses, my two-year supply of ivory-colored makeup, and my violin.  My guess is, not as much good as I´d get out of them.  Not nearly.
Oh, and our chicken ran away, adding insult to injury.
I´m sure the thieves broke in because they knew that even though I returned to the house every day before and after school, I wasn´t sleeping there.  I kick myself for not moving my things sooner, but hindsight is 20/20 (unfortunately, unlike my vision, when my one remaining pair of contact lenses dies on me).  People at the school were great, arranging a car for me to move my things to my sitemate´s house that day so the thieves wouldn´t return and lift anything else.  Other teachers have been very sympathetic and supportive, as have neighbors.  Replacing my Peace Corps passport shouldn´t be too difficult, and will get me a trip to Maputo, where I can also replace my internet phone (which unfortunately fell into the Indian ocean a month ago--I estimate it´s halfway to Madagascar by now) and try to replace some of my products.  And I´m going to start thinking about an insurance claim and replacing my stash of contact lenses.  I think disc 1 of Pride and Prejudice is a lost cause (sorry, Mom), but ah well.
Anyway, aside from the robbery, things are just fine.  Bea is doing well and sends greetings.  Hope you are well, too.

          Comment on From Sb’s Desk: The “March Off Coal” doesn’t move us very far forward by madagascar holidays        
I am really enjoying the theme/design of your weblog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A few of my blog audience have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari. Do you have any advice to help fix this issue?
          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          AFD grant to Madagascar agriculture sector        

 The AFD, the French Development Agency, is to grant assistance of MGA 24 billion (approx. US$ 7.5mn) to the agriculture sector in Madagascar this year.


          Litchi producers upset at static prices in Madagascar        

Anger is growing in Madagascar within the producers of lychees: they resent the prices charged by some collectors are out of step with the prices currently observed in the local market.

 


          Madagascar, UNWTO and ITC partner on tourism to boost economic growth        
The International Trade Centre (ITC), the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the Ministry of Tourism, Transport and Meteorology of Madagascar have committed to working together on an inclusive and sustainable tourism project for the...
          10 most traded medicinal plants in markets of Madagascar        

Aiming to determine which medicinal plants are most widely traded and consumed in Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar, a study published on 28 July 2015 reported 89 commercialized plant species, of which 10 species were reported to be in trade by most vendors surveyed (60-100% of vendors).


          Empowering Malagasy women through climate-smart raffia production        
In 2015, the International Trace Centre’s (ITC) Trade and Environment Programme in collaboration with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) launched a two-year project in Madagascar to improve and develop the raffia-palm value chain for the international...
          Madagascan litchi in 2014-2015        

After the restructuring of 2011-2012 and the consolidation along the subsequent seasons, which confirmed the industry new organisation, Madagascar reproduced the same organizational campaign in 2014-2015 putting the litchi industry on the tested path to success and obtaining satisfactory results. 


          BB 2015-07-29 WTO Trade Policy Review: Madagascar        

WTO Trade Policy Review MADAGASCAR Note: This text provides brief description of the conditions foreign business will encounter in trade with Madagascar. It is based on a WTO Trade Policy Review for Madagascar, July 2015. Readers wishing for deeper analysis should turn to the original Trade Policy Revie


          Concerns push local vanilla prices higher        
According to local traders vanilla prices have moved up sharply in Madagascar though the season is yet to open.
          Firmenich assembles natural product producers from around the world.        

The livelihoods of 250,000–300,000 families depend on the future of natural aromatic crop production. As a result, Firmenich united natural ingredient producers and perfumers in Paris for its Naturals Together event over the period 12-13 November. 

The 14 'ambassadors' for the event include producers of more than 40 key ingredients such as rose, jasmine, vanilla, tuberose, orange flower, patchouli, eucalyptus, vetiver, lavender, mint, cardamom, violet leaves, mimosa, clove, chamomile and more.  Companies from Africa included: Authentic Products (Madagascar: vanilla); Les Aromes du Maroc (Morocco: orange blossom, rose, grapefruit flower, wild chamomile; Machalico (Egypt: grandiflorum jasmine, violet leaves, orange blossom, blue chamomile); Uvan (Uganda: vanilla).


          Madagascar’s litchi export campaign kicks off        

Madagascar’s litchi export campaign started in week 47 with good volumes due to go on the water from Friday Nov. 21; approximately 17.000 metric tons (mt) of the fruit had been loaded onto commercial reefers that were expected to leave the port of Toamasina at the end of the week. The 2014 Madagascan season has pro


          ITC and Kering join forces to support sustainability of Madagascar crocodile trade        
(Geneva/Paris) – Kering and the International Trade Centre (ITC) announced today a new collaboration to develop a multi-year programme to support the monitoring and sustainable management of the trade in Nile crocodiles from Madagascar.The formation...
          Symrise opens vanilla processing site in Madagascar        
In a press release, Symrise announced the opening, on October 13, 2014, of an extraction facility for vanilla in Madagascar.
          ITC to hold series of trade-development events in Madagascar        
The International Trade Centre (ITC) will next week (13-17 October) hold a series of meetings and workshops in Madagascar to help boost the country’s economic recovery. The scaled-up ITC mission to Madagascar will be led by Ashish Shah, ITC’s Director...
          The big (unsustainable) export trade of wild pygeum bark from Cameroon        

The commercial supply of pygeum bark, obtained mainly from wild Prunus africana trees, is a product of African biodiversity. Pygeum trees occur in Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania, among other African co


          Madagascar signs MOU with ITC to enhance SME competitiveness        
The Prime Minister of Madagascar, Christophe Roger Kolo, signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Executive Director of the International Trade Centre (ITC), Arancha González, on technical assistance to the country to promote enterprise development...
          fire walk with me - natural perfume oil of hazelnut, tobacco & vanilla scorched woods meticulously forged as an exercise in seduction -1/2oz by pixxxiepieandposie        

58.00 USD

Fire, Walk With Me – (Primary Notes: Hazelnut, Tobacco, Chestnut, Vanilla and Scorched Woods)

Aroma Gender & Nuances - Feminine, Deep, Smoky, Musky, Dark Woods, Wild-Loamy w/ A Tiny Touch of Sweetness Sprinkled with Two Parts Tawdry

"Fire, Walk With Me" is an uninhibited aroma full of seductive mystery & allure. Sensuous, deep, and woody, warm droplets of Madagascar Vanilla slide across smoky notes of Tobacco and Hazelnut. Exotic wood chords slowly evolve into Amber and resonate warmly across the skin as the aroma is worn throughout the day. Practically supernatural wonderstuff locked inside a wee amber bottle, this aroma is quite haunting in all the right ways. Beholden to an unsettling charm and sultry confidence seldom seen in this day and age, the bouquet here is keenly feminine, dangerously provocative & wonderfully complex.

Disclaimers and Public Service Announcements: Beware wearing this lush stuff while walking through darkened groves or star-crossed meadows. Be warned that this aroma has been known to drive people a little wild with lust and such... It could be the extra notes of musk or any number of elements, but consider yourself warned that this stuff will give you an almost magnetic charm and an aura of danger. It may also cause mysterious doorways to appear out of nowhere. If you feel compelled to pass through that door as black as sackcloth remember to keep this potion close to you and heed these words: there's only one chant that lets you slip between two worlds...."Fire...walk with me.""

♥----------------------------------------------------------FORGET-ME-NOTS-------------------♥

♥-----PHOTO NOTE: Perfume is sent to you in sturdy amber glass bottle with rustic label. Sprig of thyme is only shown in some bottles for photographic purposes. See Pixxxie Pie's "Apothecary Botanicals Collection" (in the 1/2 Oz Perfume Category) for a select array of aromas that do indeed come with solid botanical elements within the perfume bottles!

♥-----NATURAL COMPONENTS: Product is made from natural components. Handmade & eco-friendly, only high quality essential oils, botanical resins/oils & plant absolutes are utilized. The sumptuous carrier oil ingredients of this wonderstuff consists of the Pixxxie Pie & Posie "House Blend". Commonly consisting of a mix of Golden Jojoba Oil, Sweet Almond Oil and a tiny touch of Hazelnut Oil, this mix makes for a perfume oil that leaves your skin soft & supple. Simultaneously, this lavish conspiracy of oils also adds longevity to the aroma oil itself.

♥-----NUANCES OF NATURAL PERFUMES/COLOGNES: If this is your first time to try a natural perfume/cologne oil, consider checking out my blog article regarding the various nuances of natural perfume/cologne oils via the following handy link: http://www.pixxxiepieandposie.com/?page_id=38. Natural perfumes aren't like harsh,department store perfumes so remember to give yourself time to acclimate to your natural aroma. Many essential oils smell quite different from the interpretations of popular fragrances made with synthetic fragrance oils & alcohol. I.E.: Ginger, Lavender, Vetivert, Geranium, Sandalwood, Oakmoss, Thyme, Rosemary & most florals.

♥-----AROMA FAMILIES: Many find it much easier to shop when things are organized into aroma families, so the Pixxxie Pie & Posie aroma library now spreads before you with every aroma nested conveniently within a family. So whether you’re new to Pixxxie Pie or stopping in for your monthly refill, this new organization scheme will help you quickly narrow down which aromas are right up your alley. Check out the top of my shop Policy page:http://www.etsy.com/shop/pixxxiepieandposie/policy

♥-----WEARING TIME: These Pixxxie Pie Potions commonly have a wearing time of 3-9 hours depending on your body chemistry & activity level. Those made w/ persistent oils like Patchouli have an even longer wearing time in the 12-15 hour range.

♥-----CARE & KEEPING: Natural perfumes & colognes are the sparkly vampires of the perfume world so keep yours in a place that's cool and dark. Avoid leaving in high temperature areas. My aroma blends have a lifespan of 1-2 years if optimal conditions are maintained.

♥-----NEED A LARGER QUANTITY? Send an email if you require multiples of this product & the quantity available will be updated accordingly (once I check inventory). Pixxxie Pie's Victorian inspired products make great gifts for all sorts of events. Perfect for all manner of fairy tale weddings, anniversaries, birthdays and showers, they also make great tea party favors to boot! Brides & bridesmaids also find Pixxxie Pie products quite captivating.

♥-----OLD-WORLD VICTORIAN GIFT-WRAPPING: Product will come to you in gift-style trappings, packed w/ love and care w/ moss and petals. Most product labels & such are produced in-house & are completely composed of recyclable parchment paper. Peel off labels & keep tags to tuck away as keepsakes or bookmarks! Or keep the wee bags, perfume bottle, compact, locket, or vials for other uses since they are high quality & can easily be washed & up-cycled.

♥-----SHIPPING: Orders shipped in the USA are sent via USPS Priority Mail for super fast shipping with a handy tracking number that gets emailed to you through Paypal and USPS.com. Orders for international clients also ship via USPS with a customs tracking number. This business is a one-woman-show...so all orders ship out within 3-7 business days of payment receipt. Please send email or leave a note if you need your order shipped out by a specific date for a birthday or similar special occasion and I'll be happy to oblige.

♥-----PATCH TEST: Always perform a patch test on a small patch of skin before rolling around in your new perfume/cologne oil! This is especially true with aromas that contain "warm" oils like cinnamon, ginger & clove.

♥-----COPYRIGHT STUFFY STUFF: Photos, Products & Labels © Pixxxie Pie & Posie
You don't need my permission to blog about my shop or my products. I also believe in fair use when it comes to images and bloggers. You can use my images in relation to a blog article, but you can't print the images with intent to sell prints or other products featuring the image. Fair enough, right=)

♥-------Prop info: Doll standing in for Laura Palmer is my Asian Ball Jointed Doll Fairuzza
♥-------Doll Type: Soul Doll Miryu


          6 Animated Features        
Triggered by the release of the new DreamWorks animated feature Penguins of Madagascar, this week Leonard and Baron discuss three other feature-length cartoons: a Disney classic that will make you cry, a big CGI movie that looks great but doesn’t do a good job of storytelling, and a unique, wonderfully wacky sleeper called A Town Called Panic.
          Ãnh sáng mới trên một quá khứ lãng quên        
(New Light on a Forgotten Past) WILHELM G SOLHEIM II
Giáo Sư Nhân Chủng Học Đại Học Hawaii
National Geographic, Vol. 139, No. 3 (1971)

Người dịch: Hoàng Hoa Nhân Kiệt
Đăng trên http://www.giaodiem.com/doithoai/hhnk_vhhoabinh.htm

Một bản dịch khác của Lê Xuân Mai, đăng trên Tạp chí Phương Đông, số 10, năm 1972, tr. 256.


Người hoàn tất tiền sử mang các đầu mối như bình gốm cổ 5000 năm từ NON NOK THA trong miền đông bắc Thái-Lan và các nhà truy tầm khảo cổ đi tìm câu trả lời cho câu hỏi, “Nơi nào nền văn minh bắt đầu?”. Tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II (hình trên) được những nhà tiền sử học đặt danh hiệu là ÔNG ĐÔNG NAM Á đặt giả thuyết cách mạng trên những trang giấy này cho rằng những người ĐÔNG NAM Á có thể là những người đầu tiên làm ra đồ gốm, mài và đánh bóng những dụng cụ bằng đá, trồng lúa, và đúc đồng.


Hình trống đồng ĐÔNG-SƠN được chế tạo từ thế kỷ thứ ba hay sớm hơn tại ĐÔNG-SƠN, phía nam HÀ-NỘI, bắc VIỆT-NAM.

NƠI NÀO LÀ NƠI ĐẦU TIÊN LOÀI NGƯỜI TRỒNG TRỌT CÂY TRÁI VÀ ĐÚC ĐỒNG?

Các sử gia Âu Mỹ thường lập luận rằng nền văn minh nhân loại đã bắt rễ từ vùng bán nguyệt Cận Đông hay trên những vùng đồi phụ cận của miền này. Ở đó, từ lâu chúng ta tin rằng con người nguyên thuỷ đã phát triển canh nông và học cách làm đồ gốm, đồ đồng. Khoa khảo cổ đã hổ trợ niềm tin này một phần vì các nhà khảo cổ đã đào xới, khai quật nhiều nhất vùng bán nguyệt Cận Đông mầu mỡ này. Tuy nhiên, những khám phá bây giờ ở trong miền Đông Nam Á đang buộc chúng ta phải khảo nghiệm lại các truyền thống này .Các vật liệu được khai quật và phân tích trong năm năm qua đã cho thấy rằng con người sống ở vùng Đông Nam Á đã trồng cây , làm đồ gốm, đúc đồng trước tiên trên thế giới, trước tất cả cá vùng khác trên trái đất này.

Những chứng cớ đến từ những địa điểm khảo cổ trong vùng đông bắc và tây bắc Thái-Lan, với những tiếp trợ từ những khai quật ở Đài-Loan, Bắc và Nam Việt-Nam, các khu vực khác ở Thái-Lan, Mã-Lai, Philippine, và ngay cả từ miền Bắc Australia cho thấy các vật liệu được khám phá và khảo nghiệm bằng carbon 14 cho thấy rằng những di tích của những dân tộc mà tổ tịên họ đã trồng cây, chế tạo đồ đá, đồ gốm hàng ngàn năm trước các dân tộc sống ở vùng Cận Đông, Ấn-Độ, và Trung-Hoa.

Trong một địa điểm khai quật ở bắc Thái-Lan, các nhà khảo cổ đã tìm thấy đồng được đúc trong những khuôn đôi vào khoảng từ 2300 năm đến hơn 3000 năm trước tây lịch. Đây là bằng chứng cụ thể cho thấy công việc đúc đồng này đã có trước cả Trung-Hoa hay Ấn-Độ, cũng như trước cả các đồ đồng đúc ở miền Cận Đông mãi tới bây các chuyên gia vẫn còn tin là nơi luyện kim đồng đầu tiên trên thế giới.

Có người nêu ra lý do hỏi rằng nếu sự việc này quá quan trọng như vậy tại sao vai trò của vùng Đông Nam Á cùng các dân tộc trong vùng trong thời tiền sử không được biết đến cho tới bây giờ. Có vài lời giải thích về việc này nhưng lý do chính rất đơn giàn là rất ít cuộc khảo cứu về khảo cổ được hoàn tất trước năm 1950. Ngay cả bây giờ công việc khảo cổ mới tiến hành một cách sơ lược. Các viên chức thuộc địa đã không đặt ưu tịên cao về các khảo cứu của thời tiền sử ở vùng này chỉ có một số ít người nghiên cứu về công việc khảo cổ được huấn luyện về nghề nghiệp cẩn thận. Không một phúc trình toàn bộ nào về các địa điểm khai quật được chấp nhận theo tiêu chuẩn hiện đại được xuất bản trước năm 1950. Thứ nữa là những điều các nhà khảo cổ tìm ra đã được diễn dịch trên một giả thuyết là sự phát triển văn hoá được đông tiến và nam tiến.

Các nhà chuyên môn này đã nêu ra lý thuyết cho rằng nền văn minh nhân loại bắt đầu trong vùng Cận Đông lan ra vùng Nhĩ Hà, Ai-Cập và sau đó là Hy-Lạp và La-Mã. Nền văn minh cũng di chuyển đông tiến tới Ấn-Độ và Trung-Hoa. Đông Nam Á thì quá xa điểm khởi thuỷ do đó chỉ tiếp nhận nền văn minh sau các vùng trên.

Các người Âu châu tìm ra các nền văn hoá cao ở Ấn-Độ và Trung-Hoa, do đó khi họ tìm ra các kiến trúc và lối sống của các quốc gia trên và miền Đông Nam Á giống nhau, người Âu châu cho rằng Ấn-Độ và Trung-Hoa ảnh hưởng vùng này. Ngay cả tên họ đặt cho vùng là Ấn –Trung cũng phản ảnh lại thái độ của họ.
NHỮNG DI DÂN VÀ “NHỮNG ĐỢT SÓNG VĂN HOÁ”

Trong mụcđích tìm về thời tiền sử ở Đông Nam Á, chúng tôi (tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) cho rằng văn minh Đông Nam Á phải được trải rộng ra tới những khu vực có các nền văn hoá liên hệ. Từ ngữ tiền sử Đông Nam Á mà tôi (tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) sử dụng chứa đựng hai phần. Phần thứ nhất hay là phần đất chính Đông Nam Á được trải dài từ rặng núi Tần-Lĩnh phía bắc sông Hoàng-Hà của Trung-Hoa cho tới Singapore và từ miền Đông hải tây tiến tới Miến-Điện vào tận Asssam của Ấn-Độ. Phần khác được gọi là quần đảo Đông Nam Á đánh một vòng cung từ quần đảo Andaman ở miền nam Miến-Điện trải dài tới Đài-Loan bao gồm Indonesia và Philippine.

Nhà nhân chủng học người Áo ROBERT HEINE-GELDERN xuất bản đại cương truyền thống về thời tiền sử ở Đông Nam Á vào năm 1932. Ông ta đã đề xướng một loạt những đợt sóng văn hoá có nghĩa là những làn sóng người di cư đã đem tới Đông Nam Á những chủng tộc chính đã được tìm thấy ngày nay ở khu vực này.

Ông ROBERT HEINE-GELDERN cũng cho rằng đợt di dân quan trọng nhất là đợt di dân của những người đã chế ra một dụng cụ hình chữ nhật được gọi là cái rìu. Những người di dân trong đợt sóng này đã đến từ miền bắc Trung-Hoa di cư xuống Đông Nam Á và lan xuống miền Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philppines, Đái-Loan và Nhật-Bản.

Sau đó ông ROBERT HEINE-GELDERN ĐÃ giải quyết về sự du nhập đồ đồng vào Đông Nam Á như sau : ông ta giả thuyết cho rằng đồ đồng nguyên thuỷ ở Đông Nam Á được du nhập từ Đông Âu khoảng 1000 năm trước tây lịch do những di dân. Ông ROBERT HEINE-GELDERN tin rằng những di dân trong đợt di dân này di chuyển vào phía đông và phía nam vào Trung-Hoa vào thời Tây Châu (khoảng từ năm 1122 – năm 771 trước tây lịch). Những di dân này đã đem đi với họ không những chỉ có các kiến thức về chế tạo đồng , họ còn đem tới nghệ thuật kỷ hà mới với các đường thẳng , d(ường xoắn ốc, tam giác cùng hình người và thú vật.

Nghệ thuật này đã được ứng dụng trong toàn vùng Đông Nam Á được cả hai ông ROBERT HEINE-GELDERN và BERNHARD KARLGREN( môt học giả Thuỵ-Điển) gọi là nền văn hoá ĐÔNG SƠN theo tên Đông Sơn, một địa điểm ở miền bắc Việt-Nam, phía nam Hà-Nội , nơi mà các trống đồng lớn cùng các cổ vật khác được tìm thấy. Hai ông HEINE-GELDERN và KARKGREN đều cho rằng người dân Đông Sơn đã đem đồng và nghệ thuật trạm trổ kỷ hà vào Đông Nam Á.

Phần lớn thời tiền sử dược tái tạo theo truyền thống đó nhưng có một đôi điều đã không phù hợp với truyền thống này. Thí dụ như một số nhà thực vật học nghiên cứu về nguồn gốc thuần hoá của cây cỏ đã đề xướng là Đông Nam Á là một trung tâm thuần hoá cây cỏ rất sớm.

Năm 1952, nhà địa chất học CARL SAWER đã đi một bước xa hơn. Ông CARL SAWER đã đưa ra giả thuyết là cây cỏ đầu tiên trên thế giới được thuần hoá ở Đông Nam Á.. Ông SAWER đã phỏng đoán rằng cây cỏ được thuần hoá được mang tới do những người sống trong nền văn hoá trước thời kỳ văn hoá Đông Sơn xa. Những người dân sống trong trong một nền văn hoá nguyên thuỷ được biết đến như là nền văn hoá HOÀ BÌNH nhưng các nhà khảo cổ thời đó đã không chấp nhận lý thuyết này của ông CARL SAWER.

NHỮNG ĐẬP NƯỚC ĐÃ THÊM VÀO MỘT YẾU TỐ KHẨN CẤP

Khoảng những năm 1920, bà MADELEINE COLANI, một nhà thực học Pháp sau trở thành nhà nghiên cứu Cổ Sinh Vật Học và cuối cùng trở thành nhà Khảo Cổ là người đầu tiên đặt ra sự hiện hữu của nền văn hoá HOÀ BÌNH . Bà COLANI căn cứ trên những khai quật của những hầm và động đá ở những địa điểm trong miền Bắc Việt-Nam, những hầm và hang đá này được tìm thấy trước tiên ở ngôi làng trong tỉnh Hoà-Bình.

Những cổ vật tiêu biểu trong những địa điểm này bao gồm những dụng cụ bằng đá hình bầu dục, hình tròn, hay hình tam giác được mài dũa một bên, một bên để nguyên. Những đá mài xinh sắn được tìm thấy ở phần lớn các địa điểm khai quật cùng với nhiều vụn đá. Những tầng trên của của các hầm và động đá thường để giữ các đồ gốm và một ít dụng cụ bằng đá khác với đầu để sử dụng thì sắc bén. Xương thú vât và một số lượng lớn vỏ sò cũng hiện diện.

Các nhà khảo cổ nghĩ rằng đồ gốm cùng với các dụng cụ của nền văn hoá Hoà-Bình xuất hiện ngẫu nhiên và do những người có một nền văn hoá cao hơn sống gần đó chế tạo có thể là những nông dân đã di cư từ miền bắc xuống. Các nhà khảo cổ cũng nghĩ rằng những dụng cụ đá mài được học từ người bên ngoài. Nhưng không có địa điểm nào của những nông dân phía bắc được tìm thấy.

Năm 1963, tôi (tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) đã tổ chức một đoàn liên hợp khảo cổ cấp thời phối hợp giữa BỘ NGHỆ THUẬT THÁI-LAN và ĐẠI HỌC HAWAII để làm công việc cứu vớt khảo cổ ở những khu vực sẽ bị lụt do công việc xây dựng những đập nước mới trên sông CỬU LONG và những chi nhánh của sông này. Chúng tôi (tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) phải bắt đầu làm việc trong miền bắc THÁI-LAN, nơi những đập nước đầu tiên được xây dựng.

Không có một hệ tnống khảo cứu về thời tiền sử ở vùng này được hoàn tất. Tôi( tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) cảm thấy cần khẩn cấp bắt đầu hàng loạt khai quật trước khi vùng này chìm ngập dưới nước.

NHỮNG NGẠC NHIÊN ĐẾN TỪ MỘT GÒ ĐẤT KHÔNG ĐÁNG QUAN TẬM

Trong mùa khảo cứu dã ngoại đầu tiên chúng tôi(tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) đã xác định vị trí của hơn hai mươi địa điểm, trong mùa thứ hai đoàn đã khai quật một vài nơi của các địa điểm này trong khi thử nghiệm các nơi khác; trong năm 1965-1966, chúng tôi(tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) đã làm một cuộc khai quật chính ở NON NOK THA. Trong lúc thử nghiệm với đồng vị phóng xạ carbon-14 để xác định thời gian của các cổ vật hiện ra vài vấn đề, chúng đã đề xướng một cách mạnh mẽ là có dấu hiệu của sự liên tục về đời sống của con người (với vài sự ngắt quãng) đi ngược về thời gian trước năm 3500 trước tây lịch.

NON NOK THA là một gò đất rộng khoảng sáu mẫu Anh(acre) nhô lên các ruộng lúa bao quanh khoảng sáu bộ Anh(foot). Trong khi làm việc tại đó, chúng tôi(tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) sống ở làng BAN NA DI, cách gò đất khoảng một hai trăm mét.

Chúng tôi(tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II)làm việc bốn tháng tại nơi khai quật đầu tiên. Ông HAMILTON PARKER thuộc đại học OTAGO, nước TÂN-TÂY-LAN chịu trách nhiệm trong năm đầu tiên. DONN BAYARD, một sinh viên học trò của tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II, trở lại NON NOK THA trong năm 1968 để làm cuộc khai quật thứ hai cho luận án tiến sĩ của ông ta. Từ đó hai đại học OTAGO và HAWAII đã liên tục yểm trợ cho công việc của đoàn liên hợp khảo cổ như một chương tình liên kết phối hợp với bộ NGHỆ THUẬT THÁI-LAN.

Những kết quả của các cuộc khai quật cho tới bây giờ (năm 1971: lời người dịch) đi vào năm thứ 7 đã làm kinh ngạc nhưng mới chỉ mở ra một cách chậm chạp khi những phân tích của chúng tôi tìm ra từ phòng thí nghiệm ở HONOLULU. Ngay khi chúng tôi(tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) bắt đầu nhận kết quả đồng vị phóng xạ CARBON-14 định vị thời gian, chúng tôi bắt đầu nhận thức rằng dịa điểm này là một địa điểm thực sự mở ra một cuộc cách mạng của ngành khảo cổ.

Trong một mảnh gốm vỡ vụn nhỏ hơn 1 inch vuông, chúng tôi đã tìm ra dấu vết của vỏ trấu. Từ thử nghiệm phóng xạ đồng vị CARBON ở một mức trên mảnh gốm này, chúng tôi(tiến sĩ SOLHEIMM II) được biết rằng hạt gạo này có niên đại ít nhất là 3500 năm trước tây lịch. Điều này chứng tỏ rằng lúa gạo đã được trồng tại đây trước cả Trung-Hoa hay Ấn-Độ, nơi một vài nhà khảo cổ cho rằng là nơi thuần hoá lúa gạo đầu tiên, cả ngàn năm.

Từ CARBON phóng xạ đồng vị của than liên hệ, chúng tôi (Tiến sĩ SOLHEIMM II) biết rằng những rìu đồng đúc trongnhững khuôn đôi bằng sa thạch được làm ra ở NON NOK THA sớm hơn 2300 năm trước tây lịch có thể là 3000 năm trước tây lịch. Đây là hơn 500 năm trước kỹ thuật đúc đồng ở Ấn-Độ, và 1000 năm trước khi đồng được biết đến ở Trung-Hoa. Địa điểm này cũng chứng tỏ là lâu đời hơn những địa điểm ở Cận Đông vẫn được coi là nơi chế tác đồng đầu tiên.

Khuôn chữ nhật mà chúng tôi (tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) tìm thấy ở NON NOK THA đều theo cặp đôi , chỉ rõ ràng chúng được đặt chung với nhau ở nơi chúng tôi (tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) tìm ra chứ không phải bị thất lạc hay vứt bỏ. Quan tâm toàn thể khu vực và những lò nấu kim loại bị hư hỏng và những cục đồng nhỏ vương vãi chúng tôi (đoàn tiến sĩ SOLHEIM II) không còn nhi ngờ gì nữa chúng tôi đã khai quật một khu vực đúc đồng, hay chính xác hơn một nhà máy làm rìu cổ.

Những phần của gia súc được chôn chung với những mộ cổ xua ở NON NOK THA. Những phần này đã được nhận ra như gia súc tương tự mhư loái bò có u. Điều này chứng tỏ những gia súc đã được thuần hoá sớm ở Đông Á Châu.

CHESTER GORMAN, một sinh viên của tôi ở trường đại học HAWAII, là người xác định vị trí của NON NOK THA bằng cách tìm ra những mảnh gốm đã bị soi mòntrên gò đất. Năm 1965, anh ta trở lại Thái-Lan cho luận án tiến sĩ của anh ta. CHESTER GORMAN muốm thử nghiệm lại giả thuyết do CARL SAWER và các nhà khảo cổ khác cho rằng người dân thuộc nền văn hoá HÒA-BÌNH đã thuần hoá cây cỏ. Anh ta đã khám phá ra HẦM TINH THẦN (SPIRIT CAVE) ở xa về phía bắc biên giới Thái-Lan và Miến-Điện, tại đây CHESTER GORMAN đã tìm ra được những gì anh ta muốn tìm

HẦM CỦA THẦN CHẾT LÀM VỮNG CHÃI CÁC NIÊN HIỆU

HẦM TINH THẦN (SPIRIT CAVE) trồi lên cao bên cạnh lớp đá vôi nhìn xuống dòng suối chẩy vào sông SALWEEN ở Miến-Điện. Hầm này được dùng như một hầm mộ do đó được mang tên là hầm mộ.

Khi khai quật sàn của hầm mộ, CHESTER GORMAN đã tìm thấy những phần còn lại của cây cỏ hoá than bao gồm hai hạt đậu Hoà-Lan, củ năng(water chestnut), hột ớt, nhũng đoạn dây bầu bí và dưa chuột tất cả những vật này kết hợp với những dụng cụ bằng đá đặc trưng của người dân có nền văn hoá HOÀ –BÌNH.

Các mảnh xương của thú vật được cắt ra từng miếng nhỏ không thấy dấu vết cháy chứng tỏ rằng thịt đã được nấu chín tại đây chứ không phải nướng trên ngọn lửa, thịt được sào trong những đồ vật bằng tre xanh vẫn thấy dùng ở Đông Nam Á ngày nay.

Một loạt khảo nghiệm bằng đồng vị phóng xạ Carbon 14 cho thấy các vật liệu tìm ra ở đây có niên hiệu từ khoảng 6000 năm cho tới 9700 năm trước tây lịch. Vẫn còn những cổ vật xưa hơn nằm trong những lớp đất đào sâu hơn chưa xác định được thời gian. Vào khoảng 6600 năm tước tây lịch, các cổ vật này đã được đưa vào địa điểm này. Những cổ vật này bao gồm đồ gốm hoàn chỉnh, sắc xảo và được đánh dấu bằng những sợi dệt trong tiến trình chế tạo, cùng những dụng cụ bằng đá hình chữ nhật được đánh bóng và những lưỡi dao nhỏ. Các dụng cụ và cây cỏ được thuần hoá thuộc nền văn hoá Hoà-Bình được tiếp tục khám phá ra gần đây.

Chúng tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) quan tâm đến những khám phá tại hầm TINH THẦN (SPIRIT CAVE) ít nhất như là bước khởi đầu để bổ sung cho giả thuyết của CARL SAWER, những cuộc thám hiểm khác đang thêm những chứng cớ của một sự trải rộng và phức tạp của nền văn hoá HOÀ-BÌNH. Ông U AUNG THAW, giám đốc cơ quan khảo cổ Miến-Điện đã khai quật trong năm 1969 một địa điểm đáng lưu ý thuộc nền văn hoá HOÀ-BÌNH tại những hầm mộ PADAH-LIN ở phía đông Miến-Điện. Địa điểm này chứa đựng nhiều vật khác trong đó có nhiều hoạ phẩm. Đây là địa điểm xa nhất về hướng tây thuộc nền văn hoá HOÀ-BÌNH được báo cáo.

Những cuộc khai quật ở Đài-Loan do một đoàn thám hiểm hỗn hợp của ĐẠI HỌC QUỐC GIA ĐÀI LOAN và ĐẠI HỌC YALE dưới sự hướng dẫn của giáo sư KWANG-CHIH-CHANG thuộc ĐẠI HỌC YALE đã tìm ra một nền văn hoá với những hình dây và những đồ gốm sắc bén, dụng cụ bằng đá đánh bóng, và những phiến đá mỏng được đánh bóng đã xuất hiện từ lâu khoảng 2500 năm trước tây lịch.

VẤN ĐỀ KHÓ GIẢI QUYẾT ĐƯỢC SẮP XẾP PHÙ HỢP VỚI NHAU

Tôi ( Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) đã tóm tắt ý kiến về những cuộc khai quật mới cùng những niên hiệu tại đây và các nơi khác, tôi đã không chú ý tới việc nghiên cứu sự tái thiết thời tiền sử ở Đông Nam Á, trong một ngày nào đó có lẽ hai việc này cũng quan trọng ngang nhau. Trong một số bài viết được xuất bản, tôi(Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) đã bắt đầu về việc này. Hầu hết những ý kiến đó, tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) đề xướng ra như là giả thuyết hay phỏng đoán. Những giả thuyết hoặc phỏng đoán này cần được khảo cứu nhiều thêm để chấp nhận hay bác bỏ.

Trong số những giả thuyết này :

·Tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) đồng ý với SAWER là những người dân thuộc nền văn hoá HOÀ-BÌNH là những người đầu tiên trên thế giới đã thuần hoá cây cỏ ở một nơi nào đó trong vùng Đông Nam Á. Việc này cũng chẳng làm tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) ngạc nhiên nếu sự thuần hoá này bắt đầu sớm nhất khoảng 15000 năm trước tây lịch.

Tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) đề nghị những dụng cụ bằng đá được tìm thấy ở miền bắc Australia được đo bằng phóng xạ đồng vị Carbon 14 có niên hiệu khoảng 20000 năm trước tây lịch thuộc về nền văn hoá HOÀ-BÌNH nguyên thuỷ.

·Trong khi những niên hiệu sớm nhất của những đồ gốm này được biết tới ở Nhật vào khoảng 10000 năm trước tây lịch, tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) kỳ vọng rằng khi nhiều địa diểm với những dồ gốm chạm trổ hình dây được xác định niên hiệu, chúng ta sẽ tìm ra những người này đã làm ra những loại đồ gốm chắc chắn trước 10000 năm trước tây lịch, và có thể họ đã phát minh ra cách làm đồ gốm.

*Truyền thống tái tạo thời tiền sử cua Đông Nam Á cho rằng các di dân từ miền Bắc đem những phát triển quan trọng về kỹ thuật đến vùng Đông Nam Á. Thay vào đó tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) đề nghị nền văn hoá của kỷ nguyên thứ nhất tân thạch khí (sau thời đồ đá) ở bắc Trung-Hoa được biết đến như là nền văn hoá Yangshao thoát thai từ một nền văn hoá phụ thuộc văn hoá HOÀ BÌNH di chuyển lên phía bắc từ phía bắc của Đông Nam Á vào khoảng thiên niên kỷ thứ 6 hoặc thứ 7 trước tây lịch.

·Tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) đề nghị nền văn hoá sau đó được gọi là văn hoá Lungshan .Đã được phát triển từ nam Trung-Hoa và di chuyển về hướng bắc thay vì đã được giả thuyết là nền văn hoá này lớn mạnh từ văn hoá Yangshao và bùng nổ về hướng đông và đông nam. Cả hai nền văn hoá này đều thoát thai từ văn hoá HOÀ BÌNH.

·Thuyền làm bằng thân cây có thể được sử dụng trên sông ngòi Đông Nam Á trước Thiên niên kỷ thứ năm. Có thể không lâu trước 4000 trước tây lịch cây cân bằng được phát minh ở Đông Nam Á thêm vào sự cân bằng cần thiết để đi biển. Tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) tin rằng phong trào đi khỏi khu vực bằng thuyền bắt đầu khoảng 4000 năm trước tây lịch dẫn đến các cuộc du hành ngẫu nhiên từ Đông Nam Á tới Đài-Loan và Nhật-Bản, đem tới Nhật kỹ thuật trồng khoai môn và các hoa mầu khác.

·Vào một khoảng thời gian nào đó trong thiên niên kỷ thứ ba trước tây lịch, những cư dân Đông Nam Á, bấy giờ là những chuyên viên sử dụng thuyền bè, đã đi tới những đảo ở Indonesia và Philippines. Họ đã đem cả một nghệ thuật kỷ hà gồm những đường soắn ốc, hình tam giác, hình chữ nhật trong những kiểu mẫu được dùng trạm trổ trong đồ gốm, đồ gỗ, hình xâm, quần áo bằng vỏ cây, và sau đó là vải dệt. Những mỹ thuật kỷ hà này được tìm thấy ở trên các đồ đồng ĐÔNG-SƠN và đã được giả thuyết là tới từ Đông Âu.

·Người dân Đông Nam Á cũng di chuyển về phía tây tới Madagascar khoảng 2000 năm về trước. Điều này xuất hiện như là một cống hiến quan trọng của họ trong sự thuần hoá cây cỏ cho nền kinh tế Đông Phi Châu.

·Cũng khoảng thời gian này, sự liên lạc giữa Việt-Nam và Địa Trung Hải bắt đầu có thể bằng đường biển như là kết quả của phát triên giao thương. Một vài đồ đồng khác thường được tìm thấy ở ĐÔNG SƠN đã được giả thuyết có nguồn gốc Địa Trung Hải.

QUÁ KHỨ CÓ THỂ GIÚP THẮP SÁNG HIỆN TẠI

Cách tái kiến trúc thời tiền sử Đông Nam Á được tôi (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) trình bày ở đây căn cứ trên dữ kiện từ một ít địa điểm khai quật và một sự giải thích lại dữ kiện cũ. Nhiều sự diễn giảI khác có thể có được. Nhiều khai quật phong phú, nhiều niên hiệu phong phú ở các địa điểm khai quật đều cần thiết cho thấy nếu đây là cái sườn của công việc tổng quát căn bản này cho được gần hơn với sự tái kiến trúc của HEINE-GELDERN thời tiền sử ở Đông Nam Á. Burma và Assam tuyệt nhiên không được biết đến trong tiền sử, tôi ( Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II) nghi ngờ chúng là một phần quan trọng của thời tiền sử Đông Nam Á.

Hầu hết những điều cần thiết là nhiều chi tiết hơn về những khu vực nhỏ có những đặc tính riêng biệt. Tăng cường sự khảo sát trong những khu vực nhỏ bằng cách hợp tác việc phát triển văn hoá địa phương và sự chấp nhận tiến hoá môi sinh tìm xem cách sống của người dân phù hợp với sườn của thời tiền sử. Sau cùng, đây là người dân chúng ta (Tiến Sĩ SOLHEIM II và đoàn thám hiểm cua ông) muốn tìm hiểu, và điều thăm dò này có thể giúp chúng ta vài sự thông suốt trong sự phản ứng giữa những người dân Đông Nam Á với nhau và với những đổi thay của họ trong vùng Đông Nam Á.
          BRAVE and nine more reviews at “Sister Rose Goes to the Movies”        
For reviews of BRAVE, Madagascar 3, MEN IN BLACK 3, The Avengers, CHIMPANZEE, Dark Shadows, SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN, Battleship, and THE LUCKY ONE click on Sister Rose Goes to the Movies.
          Madagascar        







          Chocolate Chili Cookies        
This recipe never disappoints. If you like gingerbread and you like chocolate, bake these for a sweet and spicy chocolate fix.


The recipe that I used came from the blog, Savour Fare. I altered the recipe by using powdered ancho chile instead of chipotle. My photos were taken with an iPhone and therefore don't really show the darker color of the chocolate cookies as the photos on the recipe blog.

The cookies while cooling...before they disappeared!
I used Madagascar vanilla bean paste and Ghirardelli unsweetened cocoa. Using quality ingredients will give you the best results. The cinnamon, honey and ginger add so much to the flavor and if you love ginger snaps, just imagine those flavored with intense chocolate and dash of spicy chile. The chile isn't overwhelming at all, so don't let that ingredient prevent you from trying these easy cookies.

One tip that I'd like to pass along is my non-messy method for rolling cookie dough into balls. Using a regular flatware spoon in my left hand, I scoop out the dough. In my right hand, I swirl another spoon on top of the dough to create perfectly rounded balls without putting my hands in the dough. This method makes quick work of the task as well.

With no eggs in the dough, you can pass the bowl to hungry onlookers to clean it up for you!

Rolling the dough with spoons keeps hands clean.

Words and photos by Freda Cameron, Defining Your Home, Garden and Travel. Deer and rabbit resistance varies based upon the animal population and availability of food. All company or product or patented names mentioned are registered trademarks, copyrights, or patents owned by those respective companies or persons.

          Young Christian Worshippers Killed in Bus Crash        
At least 34 young Christian worshippers are dead after their bus crashed down a steep ravine in central Madagascar Tuesday night. 
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          33 Fun Activities in Singapore for Families on Last Weekend of June Holidays        
WHAT? Is the last weekend of the June School Holidays really upon us???

Time truly flies, huh? Fortunately, it is also the Hari Raya Puasa long weekend which softens the blow... somewhat. At least school (and work) starts on Tuesday! So what are you waiting for? Make the best use of this weekend for one last round of fun with the kiddos!




 GET PHYSICAL!

Dreamworks Day
24 Jun 2017; 4pm - 8pm
Gardens by the Bay, Bay East Gardens
$25 Carnival Ticket | $45 800M Kids Dash | $55 5KM Fun Run


For the first time in Singapore, be part of the first ever DreamWorks Run! Come meet the colourful cast of Shrek, Kung Fu Panda, How To Train Your Dragon and Madagascar at DreamWorks Day. There will be a DreamWorks themed carnival filled with games, activities, food and beverages, and also a Fun Run which will see participants cover a 800 meters (Kids Dash) or 5 kilometers route along some of Singapore’s iconic landmarks. For more information, visit www.dreamworksday.sg.


MEGA FUN at Sentosa 2017
Now until 25 Jun 2017
Island admission applies


Fun at Palawan Beach
22 – 25 Jun 2017; 10am – 7pm 
Palawan Beach 
FREE


Take a plunge down the Mega Ball Pool, dip into a pool of overflowing foam, or simply relax and bond with your loved ones by the beach. Also check out the iconic Palawan Pirate Ship play area, which has gushing fountains, slides and a pirate-head which sends huge bucket of water down.

Mega play area includes, Discovery Box, Bounce House, Ultimate Slide, Ninja Run, Horizontal Slide, Kids Maze, Balancing Beam, Cliff Jump, Traversing Wall, Foam Pool, Mega Ball Pool and more!

Bubble Performance
22 – 25 Jun 2017; 3pm & 5pm
Palawan Beach
FREE

Delight in a bubble performance made up of lights, colours and bubble art. Be wowed as the bubbleologist brings you into the wonderful world of bubbles!

Movies by the Beach
22 - 25 Jun 2017; 7.30pm
Palawan Green
FREE

22 June – Star Trek Beyond
23 June – Fast and Furious 6
24 June – Transformers: Age of Extinction
25 June - Everest


 FESTIVALS!

Children's Season Singapore 2017
Now until 25 Jun 2017
Various Dates & Various Timings
Various National Heritage Board and Museum Roundtable museums
FREE


The National Heritage Board’s annual Children’s Season Singapore returns in 2017, presenting cultural and educational experiences that will inspire, engage and educate our young audience. This year’s edition goes beyond museums and will encompass all aspects of art, culture, heritage and education. With a wide range of programmes, exhibitions and engaging family activities for children of all ages, Singapore will be the place to be for children and families to create special memories together this June! For more details, visit www.museums.com.sg/cs17.

Children's Biennale 2017
Now until 8 Oct 2017
National Gallery Singapore
FREE for Singaporeans & PRs


Themed “Dreams & Stories,” the first edition of Gallery Children’s Biennale invites the inner child in each of us to embark on a creative journey. Explore the world through the eyes of nine artists from Singapore and beyond: Chng Seok Tin, Mark Justiniani, Yayoi Kusama, Vincent Leow, Lynn Lu, teamLab, Tran Trong Vu, Ian Woo and Robert Zhao. For more details, visit HERE.

 OUTDOOR FUN!

Geylang Serai Hari Raya Bazaar 2017
Now until 24 Jun 2017; 3pm to late
Geylang Serai market, Joo Chiat Complex and along Haig Road

Flock to the annual food market to binge on Ramly burgers, otah-otah and other sinful street snacks like colourful concoctions of rainbow ice cream and drinks! There are also plenty of activities held in conjunction with the market, such as free movie screenings, gigs, a pop-up museum and kiddy rides.

Weekends in the Park @ Parkland Green
24 Jun 2017; 8am - 8pm
East Coast Park, Parkland Green
FREE

Chalk & Win Contest on 24 June 2017
Time: 8am- 8pm 
Ready to unleash your creativity? Grab some free chalk from any Parkland Green outlet and doodle on any of the corridor pavements. The most creative or original chalk art pieces can stand to win a HvperSport Scooter (worth $229) and a Kebab Station Voucher (worth $50)!

Simply:
- Grab some chalk from any Parkland Green outlets
- Draw on any of the corridor pavements
- Share a photo of your chalk art piece on Facebook or Instagram between 8am to 8 pm on 24 June (Remember to make your account public)
- Hashtag #ParklandGreen

Active Games (By PlaystreetsSg)
Time: 4pm - 7pm 
Calling all families! For three hours only, try your hand at many interactive and unique games at Parkland Green.

Outdoor Movie Drive-in
24 Jun 2017
2pm onwards; Movie starts after 7pm
Field outside White Sands
$10 per vehicle
Picnic area: $6 per adult & $4 per child

Always wished you could live the old, nostalgic days of movie drive-ins? Wish no more, and join in for an evening with Kong: Skull Island displayed on windscreen in the fresh air at Whire Sands, with free-flow popcorn and candy floss. Pets are welcome too!

Go earlier for a series of sporting fun - bouncy castles, inflatable rock climbing stations and mini games before the movie starts.

Istana Open House
25 Jun 2017; 8.30am - 6pm
Istana (Entrance to the Istana grounds is via the main gate at Orchard Road)
FREE for Singaporeans and Singapore permanent residents. 
Other visitors are required to pay an entrance fee of $2 per person.

There will be a variety of performances on the grounds during the Open House. For an entrance fee of $2, visitors could tour selected function rooms in the Istana building and view a special display of gifts presented to the President and the Prime Minister. There are also guided tours of the Istana building, conducted by the Preservation of Sites and Monuments (PSM) volunteers. Istana souvenirs are also sold at the Open House. All proceeds from the sale of the souvenirs and the entrance fees collected are donated to charity.

Uncle Ringo Carnival
Now until 25 Jun 2017; 6pm - 10.30pm daily
Punggol MRT Exit D (Opposite Waterway Point)


RepTopia 2017
Now until 26 Jun 2017; Various Timings
Singapore Zoo
Admission charges apply


An array of remarkable reptiles is set to make their debut at Singapore Zoo this June, with the launch of the aptly-named new reptile exhibit – RepTopia. Over the weekends of 27 May – 26 June, guests are in for a reptile revolution with a spectrum of engaging activities. Discover and appreciate reptiles through a diverse range of activities, including enlightening animal enrichment sessions, reptile-inspired craft activities and costumed charm-eleon meet and greet sessions. For details on activities, visit www.zoo.com.sg/reptopia/.

So Wow Time Flies!
Now until 26 Jun 2017 (Weekends & 26 Jun only)
Various Timings
Jurong Bird Park
Admission charges apply


BE A PARROT KEEPER
Time: 9am – 12pm (3 hours per session)
Venue: Around the Park

Step into the role of a keeper: prepare food for the lories, make enrichment toys, and set up brooders for our baby parrots! This activity is exclusive to Friends of Bird Park and Friends of Wildlife members. Activity fee applies and only for children aged 5 – 8 years old. *Registration is available on a first-come, first-served basis. Click here for more details.

CHIRPY CRAFTS
Time: 10am – 4pm
Venue: Penguin Coast

Kids, get creative and make your own bird-themed crafts to bring home as mementos.

SNAP A SHOT WITH SUNNY & FRIENDS
Time: 9am, 11.30am & 1pm
Venue: Penguin Coast

Meet-and-greet with Sunny the mascot and his friends, and pose for pictures with them.

PUPPET SHOWTIME
Time: 10.30am & 12.30pm 
Venue: Birdz of Play

Be entertained as you let your imagination fly at our bird-themed puppet show.

Let’s Blaze! Carnival 
Now until 26 June 2017, daily
1pm - 10pm
City Square Mall, Level 1 City Green (Outdoor Park)

Get up to blazing speed with carnival fun and games with Blaze & The Monster Machines! Look out for super fun Truck Rides, Blaze Bouncer, Tyre Playground and more! Let’s blaaaze! Also, don’t miss the special Shimmer & Shine photo area!

Singapore Street Festival 2017
Now until 2 Jul 2017
Various events & timings

The annual Singapore Street Festival (SSF) returns on the 4th of June with an exciting bonanza of activities lined up till the 2nd of July. Themed ‘UNCHARTED But Known’, its 16th anniversary boasts exhilarating acts and impressive art that celebrate the talents of Singapore youth. For more information, visit HERE.

 NATURE!

FREE Admission to National Orchid Garden
Now until 25 Jun 2017; 8.30am - 7pm
National Orchid Garden

Enjoy free admission to National Orchid Garden from 21 May to 26 June 2016 for students, local residents and work permit holders.

Blue Beauties @ Gardens by the Bay
Now until 30 Jun 2017; 9am - 9pm
Gardens by the Bay
Admission charges apply


In the year that Gardens by the Bay celebrates its 5th anniversary, a special colour in the Plant Kingdom takes centrestage in Flower Dome. Blue may seem ubiquitous in everyday life, but true spectrum blue is one of the most uncommon colours in plants.

In the “Blue Beauties” floral display, the special quality of blue blooms is celebrated as the flower field is awash in the splendour of this well-loved shade. Flowers cherished for their vivid blue hues like agapanthus, hydrangeas and delphiniums flourish in a French-inspired garden. Set amidst a landscape dotted with a wall trellis, topiaries, a fountain and gazebo, these blue blooms will be complemented by the purple and pink tones of gladiolus, lupins and foxgloves.

Pesta Ubin 2017
Now until 16 July 2017, Various  Dates & Timings
Pulau Ubin


Pesta Ubin is Ubin Open House! Once a year, people who love Ubin step up to share with the public their special slice of Pulau Ubin. Pesta Ubin activities are heartfelt, organic and led by the community. Passionately highlighting Ubin's unique charms, get a taste of the kinder, gentler way of life on Ubin during Pesta Ubin. Many Pesta Ubin activities are free of charge. Some do NOT require registration. Simply come to Pulau Ubin and join the fun! Find a Pesta Ubin activity that suits your schedule and interest at pestaubin2017.blogspot.sg.

For this weekend's activities, visit https://pestaubin2017.blogspot.sg/2017/06/19-25-jun-week-7-of-pesta-ubin.html.

 MEET & GREETS!

Meet Pororo
23 & 24 Jun 2017
Fri: 1pm | Sat & Sun: 1pm, 3pm & 5pm
Marina Square, Central Atrium


Get your cameras ready for that long-awaited selfie with Pororo! Limited to the first 50 families per session. Meet & Greet passes will be distributed 20 minutes prior to each session at the atrium.

Minions Meet & Greet
McDonald's Restaurants

23 Jun 2017: 5.30pm - 7pm - Bedok Mall
24 Jun 2017: 10am - 11.3oam - Jurong Central Park
24 Jun 2017: 2pm - 3.30pm - iFly Sentosa
25 Jun 2017: 10am - 11.30am - Causeway Point

Pac-Man Meet & Greet
Now until 25 June 2017; 6pm to 6.30pm
YewTee Point, Level 1 Atrium


Nordic Adventures with Sanrio Characters
Now until 26 Jun 2017
Changi Aiport, T3 Public Area


Changi Airport’s Terminal 3 will be filled with extreme kawaii-ness this June holidays as supercute life-sized Hello Kitty & Friends will be the stars in the month-long showcase, which will feature games, activities, shopping and great prizes to be won.

Fans can also enjoy a taste of the Nordic lifestyle at Terminal 3, where a specially curated showcase will feature famous highlights such as: the Northern Lights in a video display, a Viking ship-inspired gallery and even an indoor snow luge at the Snow Funhouse by Snow City. The Snow Funhouse will be the very first indoor snow experience in the east of Singapore!

Nordic Snow Funhouse by Snow City
Dates: 26 May – 26 June 2017
Opening Times: 12pm – 10pm daily (approx. 30 min timeslots; last admission at 9.30pm)
Location: Opposite Check-in Row 11
Entry Requirements: $60 in max 2 sameday receipts (S$80 for supermarket purchases) entitles 1 pass admitting two ticket-holders to Snow Fun House

Sanrio Weekend Meet & Greet Sessions
Dates: Every weekend (Sat and Sun) from 26 May to 26 June 2017
Opening Times: 2pm and 7pm
Location: Terminal 3, Public, Departure Hall Level 2 (Near Skytrain platform to Terminal 1)
Entry Requirements: spend a total of $60 at Changi Airport on the same day (with a maximum of 2 receipts), or spend $80 at the supermarket to redeem a Meet & Greet pass. Each Meet & Greet pass admits up to 4 persons for 1 photography shoot. Limited to first 40 redemptions per session.

Meet & Greet Schedule:
24-25 Jun: Hello Kitty

Meet & Greet Spider-Man
23 - 26 Jun 2017: 1pm & 3pm (Timings updated!)
NEX Mall, Atrium L1


 SHOPPING MALLS!

Play-Doh Adventure Trails
Now until 25 Jun 2017
Tanglin Mall


School's Out! Go Wild! Unleash your imagination as you get creative with your favourite animal friends and Play-Doh this June Holiday at  Tanglin Mall! Highlights of the event include the wilderness inflatable, Play-Doh animal sculptures workshops, Dohs-Dohs meet & greet, storytelling by award-winning storyteller Roger Jenkins as well as fringe activities like balloon sculpting workshops. Bring your family down for a day of fun and shopping!

Meet the Doh-Dohs
Tanglin Mall: 17, 18, 24 & 25 Jun 2017 - 3pm


KidZPop PlayFest
United Square Shopping Mall: 23-25 Jun 2017; 11am - 9pm
FREE


Paddle Pop, KidZania Singapore and the Health Promotion Board will be hosting KidZPop PlayFest, a three-week long series of roadshows for parents and kids to learn about healthier snacking habits through fun games and activities.

Take part in larger-than-life games such as ‘Snacks and Ladder’, ‘Calorie Tag’ and make your own Paddle Pop ice-cream at the KidZania Singapore booth. There will also be stage games to win limited edition merchandise, Meet & Greet opportunities with the Paddle Pop lion and KidZania RightZKeeper Urbano, song-and-dance segments, and sampling of Paddle Pop’s latest Healthier Choice Symbol (HCS) certified Twister Fruity ice cream so there’s something for everyone!

Play Mania!
19 - 25 Jun 2017: Sembawang Shopping Centre, Atrium L1
11am - 9pm


With a variety of virtual reality and old school carnival games, there is definitely something for everyone!

Westgate Summer Camp 2017
23, 24, 25, 26 Jun 2017
12pm - 8pm
Westgate Mall


Put on your safari hat and get ready for an outdoor adventure at The Courtyard where exciting activities like a mini obstacle course, arcade games and craft workshops await you. Complete all stations to collect our limited edition badges. Spend a min. of $80 (or $60 for American Express CapitaCard) to redeem a Westgate Summer Camp ticket. For more details, visit HERE.

Double Up the Fun
1 Jun - 2 July 2017
Parkway Parade




Enter into LEGO Cities of Wonders, where families can immerse themselves into a world of bricks to Catch a Crook, find hidden Treasure in the jungle and many more! LEGO fun continues as shoppers are rewarded with exclusive LEGO toys.  Visit HERE for more details.

 SHOWS!

Pluck and the Magical Banyan Tree - Harp Musical
25 Jun 2017; 3pm & 7.30pm
Sota Drama Theatre
$38 & $48


Pluck the fairy protector of music returns for another exciting  adventure. Something is amiss in the Harp Kingdom of Enchantia - people are forgetting how to make music, and Pluck must find out why. Helped by her fairy friends – MEL, BEATBOX & HARMONIA, Pluck embarks on a journey through time to find the Magical Banyan Tree.  Come help her rescue Music before it is completely forgotten. For tickets, visit HERE.

Merlion Magic Lights
Now until 9 July 2017
7.45pm, 8.15pm, 8.45pm & 9.15pm (2 additional shows at 9.45pm & 10.15pm on Weekends, PH, & eve of PH)
Merlion Plaza
FREE

Be amazed by artistic installations and be dazzled by the awesome display of lights and sounds as the island transforms into a world of wondrous fun. Don't miss out on the chance to catch our thematic light shows, set against Sentosa’s majestic and dazzling icon, the 37-m tall Sentosa Merlion!

CHEF: Bibimbap vs Chilli Crab
Now until 22 July 2017
8pm (2pm show available on select Sat & Sun)
Resorts World Theatre, RWS
$38, $48, $78, $98, $118


“CHEF: Bibimbap vs Chilli Crab” is a non-verbal performance using live beatboxing and b-boying to tell the story of Green and Red Chefs locked in a riotous competition – with generous servings of humour and fun! Singaporean celebrities Jayley and Hayley Woo will take turns to play the Cutie Chef, in a local adaption of a new brand of “Bibap” that is set to bowl you over.

Directed and produced by Choi Chul Ki, the name behind all-beatboxing, all-b-boying extravaganzas like “NANTA”, “Jump” and “Beat”, “CHEF: Bibimbap vs Chilli Crab” will pack more choreography, music and madcap antics into the original “Bibap”, which premiered to rapturous reception in 2009. For tickets, visit HERE.

 EXHIBITIONS!

Joseon Korea: Court Treasures and City Life
Now until 23 July 2017
10am - 7pm daily (Fri: 10am - 9pm)
Asian Civilisations Museum
S'poreans & PRs (Adults) $10 | S'porean & PRs (Concession: Seniors, Students, NSF) FREE | Non-Residents (Adults) $15 | Non-Residents (Concession: Seniors, Students) $10 | Non-Residents (Family of 5) $45


Intrigued by sets and costumes from Korean historical dramas and films? Then you will want to see actual furniture, fashion, and decorative arts from Korea’s Joseon era (1392–1897). Spanning some 500 years, Joseon was Korea’s last dynasty, and the legacy of its courtly culture and vibrant city life lives on in South Korea today. Treasures from the National Museum of Korea, the National Palace Museum of Korea, and the Deagu National Museum will be displayed for the first time in Singapore.

The exhibition will be accompanied by programmes and talks relating to Joseon Korea and contemporary Korean culture; as well as a work by South Korean contemporary artist Ran Hwang, best known for using pins, buttons, and thread to create large-scale installations.

Dino Robot Factory
Now until 27 Aug 2017
Hall 2, Annex, Science Centre
Adult & Senior Citizen $5 | Child $7


A travelling exhibition direct from Japan especially curated for young children. The Dino Robot Factory walks children through and allows them to experience the process of creating a robot dinosaur. Along the way, they learn about the basics of design, automation, assembly and mechanics in a fun and exciting manner. For more details on activities, visit HERE.

Imaginarium: To the Ends of the Earth
Now until 27 Aug 2017
Mon - Sun 10am - 7pm | Fri 10am - 9pm
Singapore Art Musuem
FREE for Singaporeans & PRs | Adults $6 | Senior Citizens (above 60) & Kids $3 | Kids below 6 FREE


Explorers of the land! How much do you know about the planet we inhabit? Singapore Art Museum welcomes you back to the seventh edition of our family-focused exhibition, Imaginarium: To the Ends of the Earth. Taking a closer look at the surroundings and environments we reside in, we see how people, flora, and fauna, adapt to their ever-changing surroundings. With the technological progress we have made, we now have better insight into far-flung locations, and are better connected than before, but are we really any closer to appreciating earth’s many marvels?

Through inspiring and engaging artworks, Imaginarium: To the Ends of the Earth introduces explorers to new ways of seeing and experiencing the world around us. For more details, visit HERE.

Precious Eggs: Of Art, Beauty and Culture
Now until 8 Oct 2017 | 10am - 7pm
Singapore Philatelic Museum
Free admission for Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents | Other visitors: Adults $8 & Child $6


The egg’s unique form and life-giving symbol have inspired artists and craftsmen, resulting in historical pieces like the Russian Imperial porcelain eggs, Fabergé egg pendants and other works using materials ranging from crystal to horn.

Besides colourfully decorated quail, chicken, duck, goose, swan and ostrich eggs, there are also eggs crafted of precious and enamelled metals, glass, porcelain, wax, crystal, marble, stone, wood, reindeer horn, cardboard, and papier-mâché.  Also on show is a series of artists’ eggs, a set of commissioned sculptures to showcase the works of Liechtenstein’s leading artists. From Singapore, 24K gold plated ostrich, emu, goose, chicken and quail eggs from RISIS are on display.


          More than 70 Activities for Kids this June School Holidays 2017 (Singapore)        
Of all the listings I compile whenever the public or school holidays come along, it is the June and December School Holidays that I always dread compiling the most. The reason? That's because these two holidays are always packed with SO MANY activities for kids!

So a good 8 hours later, I have finally completed my 'homework' just before the school holidays click into motion. No need to fret over how to keep the kiddos occupied this June School Holidays... there're more than 70 activities below to pick from - in fact, I would easily say the activities number more than 100 if you count the individual activities under the broad banner of Children's Season and Pesta Ubin!


I've divided the activities into OUTDOOR and INDOOR so plan away! And have fun!
_____________________
THE GREAT OUTDOORS


A Chocolate Adventure @ USS
Now until 28 May 2017; 10am - 7pm
Universal Studios Singapore
Admission charges apply


Go on a  Chocolate Adventure in our Chocolate Garden, packed with sweet wonder, activities and goodies that everyone can savour and enjoy! Step into a fantasy world of chocolate indulgence at Chocolate Adventure at Universal Studios Singapore as deliciously scrumptious smells, tastes and sights of chocolate and candy conjure a delightful symphony for the senses. Hunt for the mysterious Chocolate Man to win a sweet treat, plunge into a whimsical, candy-coated Lollipop Land, or indulge in fluffy marshmallows dipped right out of a chocolate fondue. Chocolate lovers are in for a real treat as these choco-licious activities and more await!

Army Open House 2017
27 - 29 May 2017; 9am - 8pm
F1 Pit Building
FREE


AOH17 returns to the F1 Pit with the theme of "Army Ready, Soldier Strong". In addition to showcasing the Army's 3rd Gen equipment and capabilities, AOH17 will feature a suite of engaging and interactive activities. Visitors can expect to get up close and personal with over 20 types of Army platforms during the Dynamic Defence Display (D3) segment, Static Display and Battle Rides. There will also be a Soldier Strong challenge and Battlefield Zone to provide visitors with a hands-on and immersive experience. For a complete review of all family-friendly activities, visit my post here: www.cheekiemonkie.net/2017/05/army-open-house-2017-aoh.html

AOH @ Heartlands
Punggol (open field beside Punggol MRT Station): 2 - 4 June 2017 (10am - 10pm)
Jurong East (open fields beside Jurong East MRT Station): 9 - 11 June 2017 (10am - 10pm)

Pesta Ubin 2017
Now until 16 July 2017, Various  Dates & Timings
Pulau Ubin


Pesta Ubin is Ubin Open House! Once a year, people who love Ubin step up to share with the public their special slice of Pulau Ubin. Pesta Ubin activities are heartfelt, organic and led by the community. Passionately highlighting Ubin's unique charms, get a taste of the kinder, gentler way of life on Ubin during Pesta Ubin.

Many Pesta Ubin activities are free of charge. Some do NOT require registration. Simply come to Pulau Ubin and join the fun! Find a Pesta Ubin activity that suits your schedule and interest at pestaubin2017.blogspot.sg.

Geylang Serai Hari Raya Bazaar 2017
Now until 24 Jun 2017; 3pm to late
Geylang Serai market, Joo Chiat Complex and along Haig Road

Flock to the annual food market to binge on Ramly burgers, otah-otah and other sinful street snacks like colourful concoctions of rainbow ice cream and drinks! There are also plenty of activities held in conjunction with the market, such as free movie screenings, gigs, a pop-up museum and kiddy rides.

FREE Admission to National Orchid Garden
Now until 25 Jun 2017; 8.30am - 7pm
National Orchid Garden

Enjoy free admission to National Orchid Garden from 21 May to 26 June 2016 for students, local residents and work permit holders.

Poland Sounds Good
27 May 2017; 6.30pm - 7.30pm
Singapore Botanic Gardens, Shaw Foundation Symphony Stage
FREE

The Embassy of the Republic of Poland is proud to present a concert “Poland sounds good” as a finale of much anticipated Polish Food Festival. Come and join us with your families and friends for this one-night only performance by four phenomenal Polish musicians: Arkadiusz Bielak (piano), Hanna Krasnodebska (violin), Jacek Mirucki (bass), Waclaw Turek (accordion) who will enchant us with the finest music from Poland and across the world. With truly versatile tunes, the concert promises to be an unforgettable feast for the ears for all music lovers.

Uncle Ringo Carnival
27 May - 25 Jun 2017; 6pm - 10.30pm daily
Punggol MRT Exit D (Opposite Waterway Point)


RepTopia 2017
27 May - 26 Jun 2017; Various Timings
Singapore Zoo
Admission charges apply


An array of remarkable reptiles is set to make their debut at Singapore Zoo this June, with the launch of the aptly-named new reptile exhibit – RepTopia. Over the weekends of 27 May – 26 June, guests are in for a reptile revolution with a spectrum of engaging activities. Discover and appreciate reptiles through a diverse range of activities, including enlightening animal enrichment sessions, reptile-inspired craft activities and costumed charm-eleon meet and greet sessions.

RepTopia Exhibit
Venue: Reptile Garden

A scaly surprise awaits you at the zoo's newest exhibit – RepTopia. Housing an expanded range of reptiles and amphibians, crawl over for an immersive experience through desserts and tropical forest regions.

Zoo-lympix 2017
Time: 10am - 4pm
Dates: 27 – 31 May, 1 – 4, 10, 11, 17, 18 , 24 & 25 June
Venue: Reptile Garden

Learn about the fascinating and weird abilities that reptiles have at various game stations. From colour changing abilities to 360˚ vision, you’ll be amazed!

Meet our Charm-eleon
Time: 10am, 12pm & 3pm
Dates: Weekends only
Venue: RepTopia

Be charmed by our chameleon mascot and watch out for its tongue as you come up close for a photo opportunity.

Get Crafty
Time: 10am - 4pm
Dates: Weekends only
Venue: Rainforest Courtyard

It’s all things chameleon! Have fun creating your own chameleon party blower, a paper chameleon origami or a colour changing chameleon craft!

Car-Free Sunday SG
28 May 2017; From 7.30am onwards
Civic and Central Business District


The Civic and Central Business District will be transformed into a cycle-friendly, walkable and activity-filled public space with something for everyone on 28 May 2017. The streets will come alive for families, joggers, cyclists and fitness enthusiasts who can look forward to various activities. There will be a Kids Zone where the little ones can oin in various hands-on activities like pebble-painting, sketching, colouring and bouncy castles. For more information, visit HERE.

SAFRA Family Day Out
@ Families For Life Celebrations 2017
28 May 2017; 8am - 9.30pm
F1 Pit Building
FREE


Start your day off at the Padang with Families for Life Celebration in collaborations in conjunction with Car-Free Sunday SG and make your way down to the special edition of Army Open House in grand celebration of 50 years of National Service (NS50). Bigger and grander than before, SAFRA brings you through a full day of FUN that will be sure to entertain your child and the child in you. Keep a look out for exciting games, cool fitness work-out, awesome movie screenings and more.

Big Band Bash
28 May 2017; 5.30pm - 7pm
Singapore Botanic Gardens, Shaw Foundation Symphony Stage
FREE

Thomson Jazz Club, Singapore's only jazz community club, was established in 1993. The  Club's two bands, Thomson Big Band and Thomson Swing Band are traditional jazz big bands with saxophones, trumpets, and trombones, supported by a rhythm section. At their annual Big Band Bash at the Singapore Botanic Gardens this year, you will hear jazz standards from the 1930's and 40's which were the then "top of the pops", along with jazz tunes from the repertoire of present day composers. Do bring along a picnic basket and dine al fresco in lush, green surroundings while the bands delight you with tunes designed to brighten up your weekend.

DBS Marina Regatta 2017
1 - 4 Jun 2017
1 Jun: 4pm - 9pm | 2 - 4 Jun: 10am - 10pm
The Promontory @ Marina Bay
FREE Admission


The sixth edition of DBS Marina Regatta (DBSMR), Singapore’s Biggest BayFest, returns with high-octane thrills and spills on land and water. From 1 to 4 June 2017, the regatta will be packed with a slate of unmissable activities to take outdoor enthusiasts, fitness lovers and partygoers alike from day to night, while watching the region’s top dragon boating teams battle it out against the iconic Marina Bay skyline.

If you love the US game show Wipeout, get ready to navigate your way through Battle Bay – nine challenging water obstacles spanning over 11,000 square feet. If competing isn’t your thing, be sure to get your fitspo on with lululemon-curated workout classes.

Or beat the heat and come chill at our pop-up urban beach. Famed Bali beach club Potato Head will bring in their legendary Coconut Bar for the first time in Singapore – complete with their signature uber fresh cocktails and beers. At sunset, let your hair down in Play Dome and party in our exclusive prelude to ULTRA featuring the region’s best DJs. For more information, visit HERE.

NParks Concert Series in the Park: Rockestra
3 Jun 2017; 6.30pm - 10.30pm
Fort Canning Park, Fort Canning Green
FREE


It's the 6th edition of NParks Concert Series in the Park: Rockestra and this time, it is going retro! Join in the fun for a throwback night of music from the '60s to the '90s, where more than 30 hits by the likes of ABBA, Bananarama, Bee Gees, Beatles, Elvis Presley, Michael Jackson, and Queen will be performed by 53A, Dru Chen, Jack & Rai, Jive Talkin', Joie Tan, Shagies, and The Durian Theory.

Gardens Extravaganza Special
3 & 4 Jun 2017; 4pm - 11pm
Supertree Grove, Gardens by the Bay
FREE


In celebration of Gardens by the Bay's 5th birthday, a huge party will be held on 3 and 4 June. Visitors can look forward to the following activities:

GARDENS EXTRAVAGANZA SPECIAL
Date: Sat, 3 Jun & Sun, 4 Jun 2017
Time: 7.45pm - 8.15pm
Venue: Supertree Grove

In this evening showcase happening on 3 and 4 June, visitors can look forward to seeing dancers and aerial performers perform against a dramatic backdrop of projection mapping on the towering Supertrees. Portraying the Gardens’ journey through the years, the show culminates in pyrotechnics and the largest drone display in Singapore put up by 50 drones moving in sync against the night sky.

DANCE PARTY
Date: Sat, 3 Jun 2017
Time: 5.30pm
Venue: Supertree Grove

Gear up with dance and fitness attire and celebrate this very special occasion with us! Catch the passionate energy of dance and boogie away with us at at the iconic Supertree Grove! This dance party is held in collaboration with ActiveSG.

MOVIE BY THE LAWN: STORKS
Date: Sun, 4 Jun 2017
Time: 5.30pm
Venue: Supertree Grove Lawn

Kick back, relax and enjoy the animated film Storks at the Gardens on Sunday. Prepare a picnic or just simply come chill out at the luxurious lawn grass. Gather your family and friends and spend a lovely evening with them here!

REVERIE
Date: Sat, 3 Jun & Sun, 4 Jun 2017
Time: 7.00pm - 11.00pm
Venue: Colonnade, Supertree Grove

Take a walk down the Colonnade for an immersive experience with whimsical installations and creative lights. Enter a world of dreamy reverie where seeds of imagination blossom into beautiful expressions of art.

FUN ZONE
Date: Sat, 3 Jun & Sun, 4 Jun 2017
Time: 4.00pm - 9.00pm
Venue: Supertree Grove

Pop by the Fun Zone for games and activities galore! Play a virtual reality game, make a lava craft, 3D pen art, take a gif photo and make a terrarium at the workshop! There’s something for everyone!

PARADE OF WONDER
Date: Sat, 3 Jun & Sun, 4 Jun 2017
Time: 7.15pm
Venue: Roving, beginning from Golden Garden

A riveting parade that will get you grooving along with rhythmic percussion beats and energetic dancers. Get ready to be whirled into a world of wonder and imagination through this roving performance.

ILLUMINATION
Date: Sat, 3 Jun & Sun, 4 Jun 2017
Time: 7.00pm - 11.00pm
Venue: Supertree Grove Lawn & Golden Garden

Don't miss this instagram-worthy opportunity. LED light dandelions illuminate the Supertree Grove and Golden Garden, adding a touch of class to the evening.

GARDENS EXTRAVAGANZA
Date & Time:
Sat, 3 Jun & Sun, 4 Jun 2017: 8.45pm
Mon, 5 Jun to Fri, 30 Jun 2017: 7.45pm & 8.45pm
Venue: Supertree Grove

This special edition of the nightly Garden Rhapsody light and sound show is enhanced with stunning video mapping that tells a story the Gardens’ journey through the years.

Weekends in the Park: EcoPaddle Challenge
3 & 4 Jun 2017; 10am - 7pm
Pasir Ris Park, Native Lawn (Meeting point at Carpark E)
Free for first 5 participants for each day. $5/pax

Did you know that sea turtles and small animals often eat plastic bags, mistaking them for jelly fishes? In ECP alone, volunteers picked up 2600kg of debris that would otherwise have remained in the sea. Do your part to protect our biodiversity! Take part in the EcoPaddle Challenge, collect marine debris and stand a chance to win discount vouchers.

 Things to Bring: Water, raincoat, mosquito repellent. Do wear comfortable clothes, flip flops or covered shoes. A change of clothes is recommended. To find out more/register, please visit www.facebook.com/adventurepaddlers.

PlaystreetsSG
3 Jun 2017: Baghdad Street
10 Jun 2017: Pagoda Street
4pm - 7pm
FREE

Come join in the Play street event as the fun stations comprising face-painting, chalk art and group games take over the streets so that your children and inner child can come out to play! Every Playstreet has been curated with multiple facilitated stations that require participants to run, challenge their memories, socialise, stay active and have fun.

So Wow Time Flies!
3 - 26 Jun 2017 (Weekends & 26 Jun only)
Various Timings
Jurong Bird Park
Admission charges apply


BE A PARROT KEEPER
Time: 9am – 12pm (3 hours per session)
Venue: Around the Park

Step into the role of a keeper: prepare food for the lories, make enrichment toys, and set up brooders for our baby parrots! This activity is exclusive to Friends of Bird Park and Friends of Wildlife members. Activity fee applies and only for children aged 5 – 8 years old. *Registration is available on a first-come, first-served basis. Click here for more details.

CHIRPY CRAFTS
Time: 10am – 4pm
Venue: Penguin Coast

Kids, get creative and make your own bird-themed crafts to bring home as mementos.

SNAP A SHOT WITH SUNNY & FRIENDS
Time: 9am, 11.30am & 1pm
Venue: Penguin Coast

Meet-and-greet with Sunny the mascot and his friends, and pose for pictures with them.

PUPPET SHOWTIME
Time: 10.30am & 12.30pm 
Venue: Birdz of Play

Be entertained as you let your imagination fly at our bird-themed puppet show.

Singapore Street Festival 2017
4 Jun - 2 Jul 2017
Various events & timings

The annual Singapore Street Festival (SSF) returns on the 4th of June with an exciting bonanza of activities lined up till the 2nd of July. Themed ‘UNCHARTED But Known’, its 16th anniversary boasts exhilarating acts and impressive art that celebrate the talents of Singapore youth. For more information, visit HERE.

Seeing Double: Twin & Win!
4 Jun 2017; 9am – 10am
Wild Wild Wet @ Downtown East

Be one of the first 200 pairs to be dressed alike (top&bottom) upon arrival at the newly expanded, double the size Wild Wild Wet and enjoy FREE admission to the water park. Enjoy  an additional $5 meal voucher per pax too! For more information, visit HERE.


MEGA FUN at Sentosa 2017
8 - 25 Jun 2017
Island admission applies


Fun at Palawan Beach
8 – 11, 15 – 18, 22 – 25 Jun 2017; 10am – 7pm 
Palawan Beach 
FREE


Take a plunge down the Triple Slide, dip into a pool of overflowing foam, or simply relax and bond with your loved ones by the beach. Also check out the iconic Palawan Pirate Ship play area, which has gushing fountains, slides and a pirate-head which sends huge bucket of water down.

Mega play area includes, Triple Slide, Horizontal Slide, Kids Maze, Balancing Beam, Cliff Jump, Traversing Wall, Foam Pool, Mega Ball Pool and more!

Bubble Performance
8 – 11, 15 – 18, 22 – 25 Jun 2017; 3pm & 5pm
Palawan Beach
FREE

Delight in a bubble performance made up of lights, colours and bubble art. Be wowed as the bubbleologist brings you into the wonderful world of bubbles!

Movies by the Beach
Movie theme: 8 – 11 June (Mega Animal Lovers) | 15 – 18 June (Mega Cuteness) | 22 – 25 June (Mega Action); 7.30pm
Palawan Green
FREE

Chill and relax with a movie by the beach when night falls. Catch family-friendly blockbusters at Palawan Green!

Merlion Magic Lights
2 June – 9 July
7.45pm, 8.15pm, 8.45pm & 9.15pm (2 additional shows at 9.45pm & 10.15pm on Weekends, PH, & eve of PH)
Merlion Plaza
FREE

Be amazed by artistic installations and be dazzled by the awesome display of lights and sounds as the island transforms into a world of wondrous fun. Don't miss out on the chance to catch our thematic light shows, set against Sentosa’s majestic and dazzling icon, the 37-m tall Sentosa Merlion! 

Aviva Superfundae 2017
10 Jun 2017; 10am - 9pm
The Meadow, Gardens By The Bay
$19.90 per pax


Aviva Superfundae - Singapore's largest outdoor party for the family - is back on 10th June, bringing you more sunshine and happiness! More than 30 non-stop games and activities sprawled across 22,000 sqm of open play space, await you across five thematically-designed fun zones – Circus Centre, Speedy Zone, Dream Castle, Pirate Island, and Jungle World. For tickets and more information, visit HERE.

SPH Gift of Music Presents SCO Music Oasis
10 Jun 2017; 6pm - 7pm
Singapore Botanic Gardens, Shaw Foundation Symphony Stage
FREE

Join the Singapore Chinese Orchestra (SCO) for a light-hearted Saturday evening this upcoming June school holiday as we perform popular melodies such as Super Mario Brothers Theme Medley, Under The Sea, Just The Way You Are and many more.

Weekends in the Park: Family Yoga
11 Jun 2017; 8am - 9am
Bishan Park-Ang Mo Kio Park, Tecoma Green
FREE

Soak in the morning sun with a family yoga session in the park, every second Sunday of the month! Take the opportunity to enjoy the vast open lawns, lush banks of wildflowers and unique waterways. For the young ones that enjoy a splash, bring a change of clothes and head over to the ever popular Water Playground!
The Sentosa Challenge!
16 - 18 Jun 2017
Sentosa
$481.50 per child


Organised by Outdoor Adventures in partnership with Sentosa and Kidzania. this 3D2N Sentosa camp lets kids sleep over at Palawan Pirate Ship & KidZania Singapore! For more information and to register, visit HERE.

Gardeners' Day Out
17 Jun 2017; 9am -3pm
HortPark
FREE


Gardeners' Day Out promises an entire day of gardening and lifestyle activities for everyone. Favorite highlights include Gardeners' Market, Food Bazaar, free talks and demonstrations, free garden tour of HortPark and kids' activities like storytelling and handicrafts!

Weekends in the Park: Community Waterfest
17 Jun 2017; 1pm -7pm
Pasir Ris Park, Native Lawn
FREE

Try your hand at the exciting sport of Stand-Up Paddle Boarding. Be prepared to balance, paddle and get wet as we enjoy the great outdoors. Don’t forget to look out for some of our local residents like the white-collared Kingfisher! To find out more/register, please visit www.facebook.com/adventurepaddlers.

Opera in the Park
17 Jun 2017; 6pm - 7pm
Singapore Botanic Gardens, Shaw Foundation Symphony Stage
FREE

Launched since June 2008 at Singapore Botanic Gardens, Opera in the Park is an outreach programme, which aims to expand the opera experience to a wider audience. This outdoor event offers popular favourites from musicals and operas.

White Sands Urban Camping with the Singapore Scout Association
17 - 18 Jun 2017; 2pm - 11am
Field outside White Sands
$60 per tent (4pax)

Experience your day as a scout!  Sign up for the event and learn skills like how to pitch a tent and start a campfire, also take part in camping games with the Scouts!

The first 125 families who sign up will receive a FREE waterproof tent worth $49.90. Tickets are priced at $60 per tent (for 4 pax) which will entitle campers to BBQ Dinner and breakfast for 4 pax (2 adults and 2 kids). Book your slot at White Sands Mall, L2 Customer Service Counter. Call 6585 0606 for more information.

Sports Hub Community Play Day
17 & 18 Jun 2017; 10am - 6pm
Singapore Sports Hub, OCBC Arena
FREE Admission


Dad's Day Out 2017
18 Jun 2017; 9am - 7pm
Mediacorp Campus


Celebrate Fathers’ Day at Dad's Day Out! Activities include Frisbee Throw, Garden Bowling, Water Balloon Hurl, Carnival Shooting Range, Design a free Coffee Mug for Dad and more. Plus expect a star-studded line up of your favorite Mediacorp celebrities and break a Singapore record at Dad's Promise wall and win attractive prizes!

Dreamworks Day
24 Jun 2017; 4pm - 8pm
Gardens by the Bay, Bay East Gardens
$25 Carnival Ticket | $45 800M Kids Dash | $55 5KM Fun Run


For the first time in Singapore, be part of the first ever DreamWorks Run! Come meet the colourful cast of Shrek, Kung Fu Panda, How To Train Your Dragon and Madagascar at DreamWorks Day. There will be a DreamWorks themed carnival filled with games, activities, food and beverages, and also a Fun Run which will see participants cover a 800 meters (Kids Dash) or 5 kilometers route along some of Singapore’s iconic landmarks. For more information, visit www.dreamworksday.sg.

Outdoor Movie Drive-in
24 Jun 2017
2pm onwards; Movie starts after 7pm
Field outside White Sands
$10 per vehicle
Picnic area: $6 per adult & $4 per child

Always wished you could live the old, nostalgic days of movie drive-ins? Wish no more, and join in for an evening with Kong: Skull Island displayed on windscreen in the fresh air at Whire Sands, with free-flow popcorn and candy floss. Pets are welcome too!

Go earlier for a series of sporting fun - bouncy castles, inflatable rock climbing stations and mini games before the movie starts.

Istana Open House
25 Jun 2017; 8.30am - 6pm
Istana (Entrance to the Istana grounds is via the main gate at Orchard Road)
FREE for Singaporeans and Singapore permanent residents. 
Other visitors are required to pay an entrance fee of $2 per person.

There will be a variety of performances on the grounds during the Open House. For an entrance fee of $2, visitors could tour selected function rooms in the Istana building and view a special display of gifts presented to the President and the Prime Minister. There are also guided tours of the Istana building, conducted by the Preservation of Sites and Monuments (PSM) volunteers. Istana souvenirs are also sold at the Open House. All proceeds from the sale of the souvenirs and the entrance fees collected are donated to charity.

LEGO Star Wars Days 2017
Now until 31 May 2017
LEGOLAND Malaysia
Admission charges apply


LEGO Star Wars Days are back! And since it is the 40th year Anniversary of Star Wars this year, the celebration will include a massive Imperial March with over hundred costume characters joining the parade; one of the biggest Star Wars Parades of the region. Featuring the only LEGO Star Wars MINILAND Model Display in Asia, where models are built with over 1.5 million LEGO bricks, look forward to the most avid storytelling experience, reliving the popular scenes from the Star Wars saga as told by model citizens in costumes.

*From now until 31 May 2017, FREE ENTRY to the park for children dressed in full Star Wars costumes! For more details on the activities, visit HERE.

__________________
THE COSY INDOORS


Big Eyes, Big Minds - Singapore International Children's Film Festival
Now until 11 Jun 2017, Various Timings
National Gallery Singapore
$12.90


Showcasing 7 collections of short films to bring kids, ages 2 to 18, on an exciting world journey through the magic of film. Every collection is carefully curated for a specific age-group so as to educate, enrich and inspire! Catch the wickedly awesome Roald Dahl's Revolting Rhymes!  Don't miss the wonderfully empowering film Sing, Oscar winner for Best Live-Action Short Film 2017 (showing in the collection, Family Ties). For more details, visit HERE.

Blue Beauties @ Gardens by the Bay
Now until 30 Jun 2017; 9am - 9pm
Gardens by the Bay
Admission charges apply


In the year that Gardens by the Bay celebrates its 5th anniversary, a special colour in the Plant Kingdom takes centrestage in Flower Dome. Blue may seem ubiquitous in everyday life, but true spectrum blue is one of the most uncommon colours in plants.

In the “Blue Beauties” floral display, the special quality of blue blooms is celebrated as the flower field is awash in the splendour of this well-loved shade. Flowers cherished for their vivid blue hues like agapanthus, hydrangeas and delphiniums flourish in a French-inspired garden. Set amidst a landscape dotted with a wall trellis, topiaries, a fountain and gazebo, these blue blooms will be complemented by the purple and pink tones of gladiolus, lupins and foxgloves.

Geronimo Stilton Live In The Kingdom Of Fantasy
26 - 28 May 2017
Friday: 5.30pm | Saturday: 11am, 2.30pm, 5.30pm | Sunday: 11am, 2.30pm
MES Theatre at Mediacorp
$138, $108, $88, S$68, S$48, $38


For the first time in Singapore, the popular children’s book hero, Geronimo Stilton, whose adventures has encouraged millions of children to read, will come to life on stage in a brand new musical, Geronimo Stilton Live In The Kingdom of Fantasy! Based on the best-selling book series Geronimo Stilton and the Kingdom of Fantasy, join Geronimo for his biggest and most “fabumouse” adventure yet as he tries to save the Queen of the Fairies. To succeed, he has to walk through the seven doors that transport him from kingdom to kingdom, bringing him face to face with witches, mermaids, dragons, pixies, gnomes, fairies and a giant! The spectacle is, therefore, a door open to the world of fantasy, with no age limit to cross it. For tickets, visit HERE.

RAWR! Dinosaurs Unearthed
26 May - 11 Jun 2017; 11am - 8.330pm
Plaza Singapura Main Atrium


Feel the adrenaline rush this school holidays as you come face to face with the fearsome T-Rex, the largest carnivore to ever live on land. Be awed by the gentle giant Mamenchisaurus, a sauropod dinosaur known for its remarkably long neck. The Mamenchisaurus, making its first appearance in Singapore, holds the record for having the longest neck of any creature, 17 metre long, that has ever lived. Meet them and three other animatronic dinosaurs at “RAWR! Dinosaurs Unearthed” at Plaza Singapura Main Atrium.

“RAWR” Science Shows
Dates: 27 & 28 May, 3 & 4, 10 & 11 June
Time: 1:30pm, 4:30pm and 7:30pm

Join Jim in a quest to learn more about dinosaurs through this educational and fun science show! Learn more about the Yangchuanosaurus, the Herrerasaurus, the Omeisaurus and the T-Rex at the show.

Hi-5 'Live' Show and Meet & Greet

OneKM Mall: 26 May - 7 Jun 2017
Monday to Sunday – 2pm, 5pm & 7pm (No shows and meet & greet on 30 May & 6 June)
*Spend $50 in a single same-day retail receipt at OneKM to redeem a Meet & Greet photo queue number. Limited to first 50 families per session.

UNITED SQUARE: 9 - 14 Jun 2017
Monday to Sunday – 2pm, 5pm & 7pm
(No shows and meet & greet on 13 June)


OneKM and United Square present the new Hi-5 cast in their first ever show in Singapore! Enjoy a
wonderful time with us as you explore the world with Bailey, Courtney, Joe, Lachie and Shay through
dance, infectious music and lots of laughter!

United Square

Hi-5 House of Fun Activity Area
9 - 14 Jun 2017; Weekday: 12pm – 7pm | Weekend: 11am – 8pm

Meet and greet the Hi-5 casts, Jup Jup* and take part in fun activities at the Hi-5 House of Fun
when you present a $60* single same-day retail receipt at United Square to redeem a Meet &
Greet photo queue number. Limited to first 50 families per session.

*Jup Jup Meet & Greet: 12.30pm, 3.30pm & 6pm

Nordic Adventures with Sanrio Characters
26 May - 26 Jun 2017
Changi Aiport, T3 Public Area


Changi Airport’s Terminal 3 will be filled with extreme kawaii-ness this June holidays as supercute life-sized Hello Kitty & Friends will be the stars in the month-long showcase, which will feature games, activities, shopping and great prizes to be won.

Fans can also enjoy a taste of the Nordic lifestyle at Terminal 3, where a specially curated showcase will feature famous highlights such as: the Northern Lights in a video display, a Viking ship-inspired gallery and even an indoor snow luge at the Snow Funhouse by Snow City. The Snow Funhouse will be the very first indoor snow experience in the east of Singapore!

Nordic Snow Funhouse by Snow City
Dates: 26 May – 26 June 2017
Opening Times: 12pm – 10pm daily (approx. 30 min timeslots; last admission at 9.30pm)
Location: Opposite Check-in Row 11
Entry Requirements: $60 in max 2 sameday receipts (S$80 for supermarket purchases) entitles 1 pass admitting two ticket-holders to Snow Fun House

Sanrio Weekend Meet & Greet Sessions
Dates: Every weekend (Sat and Sun) from 26 May to 26 June 2017
Opening Times: 2pm and 7pm
Location: Terminal 3, Public, Departure Hall Level 2 (Near Skytrain platform to Terminal 1)
Entry Requirements: spend a total of $60 at Changi Airport on the same day (with a maximum of 2 receipts), or spend $80 at the supermarket to redeem a Meet & Greet pass. Each Meet & Greet pass admits up to 4 persons for 1 photography shoot. Limited to first 40 redemptions per session.

Meet & Greet Schedule:
27-28 May: Little Twin Stars
3-4 Jun: Pompompurin
10 Jun: Cinnamoroll
11 Jun: Gudetama
17-18 Jun: My Melody
24-25 Jun: Hello Kitty

Paw Patrol and Blaze and The Monster Machines
26 May - 26 Jun 2017
City Square Mall


City Square Mall presents an exciting line-up of family-friendly events and activities with Nick Jr.’s PAW Patrol and Blaze & The Monster Machines from 26 May to 26 June!

Go on a rescue mission with PAW Patrol’s Ryder, Chase, Marshall and get to meet Skye up close for the very first time in Asia! Come dressed as your favourite PAW Patrol recruit and you might get a chance to join the pups’ mission on stage with paw-some prizes in store! Buckle your seat belts and get ready to blaze a trail in an interactive stage experience with intriguing science challenges just like Blaze and AJ in Axle City from Blaze & The Monster Machines!

But the fun is not just contained indoors. Speed on down to the Level 1 City Green park which will be home to an outdoor carnival with Blaze & The Monster Machines-themed games and activities, and look out for a special Shimmer & Shine photo opportunity!

Stay Safe with PAW Patrol Interactive Experience
Date: 3 - 18 June 2017, Tuesday - Sunday
Time: 1pm and 7pm
Venue: Level 1 Stage

PAW Patrol is recruiting for their latest rescue mission and you could be a part of it! Come dressed up as a PAW Patrol recruit, ready to show your safety skills, and stand a chance to be part of City Square Mall’s PAW Patrol Rescue Mission! The top six finalists will lead the audience members with Team Chase and Team Marshall on a race to rescue a puppy from a burning building. Who will win - Team Chase or Team Marshall? Get ready to encourage and cheer on your favourite Pups and their new recruits as they brave the odds to save the day because PAW Patrol is on a roll!

PAW Patrol Meet and Greet
Date: 3 - 18 June 2017, Tuesday - Sunday
Time: 1.40pm, 4.40pm & 7.40pm
Venue: B2, beside travelator
          The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre        

The Dark Gallery - Discover The Origins Of Chocolate @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre, Cheras


If you love chocolates, and appreciate good artisanal dark chocolate desserts, look no further than The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre, Cheras. If you don't know where's MyTOWN Shopping Centre, just head to IKEA Cheras, because it's located just next to eat and is accessible from inside Ikea itself. The Dark Gallery is this really chic looking boutique cafe that promotes artisanal dark chocolate desserts as well as the art behind their making. We learnt lots, check out some of their offerings below. 

The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre
The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre

The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre

Address: Lot No L1-023A & L1-K007
No 6, Jalan Cochrane, 
Seksyen 90 55100
Kuala Lumpur
Operating Hours: Daily 11am - 10pm

The Dark Gallery - Discover The Origins Of Chocolate
The Dark Gallery - Discover The Origins Of Chocolate
All about chocolates and the appreciation of it
All about chocolates and the appreciation of it

Chocolate lovers rejoice! Through a series of tasting flights and an alluring array of confections, you will discover a newfound appreciation and even pick up a thing or two about the different single origin chocolates and chocolate blends like myself. Yes, I learnt so much from a short session at The Dark Gallery yesterday. 

Open your senses , discover the dark
Open your senses , discover the dark

The Dark Gallery, you may be forgiven to think it's an art gallery like what I did when I first heard of this place. It's named so for its specific focus on dark chocolate. Everybody loves dark chocolate, prized for its high cacao content and complex balance of bitter and sweet. 

Signature Hot Chocolate


Signature Hot Chocolate - RM15
Signature Hot Chocolate - RM15

Using couverture chocolate sourced from gourmet chocolate brands, such as Valrhona and Cacao Barry, as well as from other small-batch bean-to-bar chocolatiers, The Dark Gallery serves a rather wide selection of tempting indulgences from ice cream, tarts, macarons, cookies to hot and iced beverages. 

To start things off, I ordered my favourite beverage, the smooth and luscious Signature Hot Chocolate, which came served in a rather unassuming paper cup with The Dark Gallery's logo. Made with frothed fresh milk, topped with shavings of dark chocolate, this is indeed a comforting beverage, perfect for any mood or occasion. 

Single Origin Platters


Single Origin Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Platter - RM21
Single Origin Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Platter - RM21

Before I came to The Dark Gallery, all dark chocolate ice creams were the same to me. After savouring their delightful single origin platters, I could not differentiate between the different dark chocolates, in terms of its acidity, fruitiness, bitterness and intensity. This is so similar to how single origin coffees are appreciated! 

Madagascar, Dominican Republic, or Venezuela?
Madagascar, Dominican Republic, or Venezuela?
We had a choice of four curated tasting platters, where we get to embark on an exploration of single origin chocolate from various countries, such as Madagascar, Dominican Republic, Equador, and Venezeula. Each flight, platter, contains at least three single origin chocolate items of varying cacao content. If you don't understand, they even have these infographic print out that describes the flavour profile of each chocolate. Interesting and very informative! 

We tried their current cacao: a light and fruity 64% Madagascan, a floral and spicy 70% Dominican Republic and an intense bitter sweet 72% Venezuelan which I like! 

Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter


Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter - RM21
Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter - RM21

Pastries platter? Yes please! The Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter which we tried contained two fun sized 64% madagascan chocolate macarons, one 66% Ecuador dark chocolate ganache tartlet, a homemade molten 70% Dominican Republic dark chocolate on a torched marshmallow and graham cracker, and a mini trifle containing 72% Venezuelan dark chocolate mousse, caramelised bananas, brownie chunks and whipped cream. 

 64% madagascan chocolate macaron
My favourite: these 64% madagascan chocolate macaron

Signature Desserts from The Dark Gallery


Chocolate Rhapsody, just the name of this dessert got my drooling. Artfully plated, we had the Chocolate Rhapsody, a yummy assortment of textures, featuring three scoops of The Dark Gallery's signature dark, milk and white chocolate ice cream. All these are placed on a bed of crunchy chocolate "soil", with dollops of silky chocolate mousse, crispy chocolate meringue and cacao tuile. 


Chocolate Rhapsody - RM28
Chocolate Rhapsody - RM28

Brownie Mess & Banana Split


Up next, we had the Chocolate Brownie Mess, served warm with dark chocolate sauce, almond tuile and a scoop of customer's choice of ice cream. Perfect for any occasion, I did find the brownie a tad sweeter than expected though. The ice cream helps to balance it out. 


The Chocolate Brownie Mess - RM20
The Chocolate Brownie Mess - RM20

A banana split with a slight twist, more of an enhancement if you asked me. We had The Dark Gallery's New Banana Split next, a luxurious version of the timeless classic, composed of vanilla, strawberry. and 38% milk chocolate ice cream. I truly loved the caramelised bananas at the side, complete with shards of almond tuile and crumble. Truly yummy! 

The New Banana Split - RM24
The New Banana Split - RM24
Three of my favourite ice creams, with caramelised bananas
Three of my favourite ice creams, with caramelised bananas
I want it all for myself!
I want it all for myself!

The Ice Cream Waffle 


The Ice Cream Waffle - RM20
The Ice Cream Waffle - RM20

Waffles! My favourite dessert.  Pick any two flavours of ice cream and one topping to enjoy on The Ice Cream Waffle. Immaculately baked, the exterior of this delectable waffle has a light crisp while being soft and fluffy inside. I totally loved the caramelised almonds, hazelnut crumble, and marshmallows sprinkled on top. Made in house with propriety recipes, this is a must try when you're at The Dark Gallery. 

I find these to be delicious too!
I find these to be delicious too!
Janice loves these!
Janice loves these!
Pick one, two, three, or maybe, all nine!
Pick one, two, three, or maybe, all nine!

The Chocolate Affogato


Chocolate lovers in need of a caffeine boost will do well to order The Dark Gallery's Chocolate Affogato. An espresso shot served with 80% dark chocolate ice cream and handmade caramelised almonds, the act of pouring in the shot had me wanting for more 


The Chocolate Affogato - RM14
The Chocolate Affogato - RM14
Pouring in all the goodness
Pouring in all the goodness

Take home items such as the Bean to Bar Craft Chocolate (45g, RM18), Ice Cream Pints (450g, RM33 each), Artisanal Chocolate Sable (160g, RM20), and Artisanal Chocolate Granola (240g, RM20) can be purchased from The Dark Gallery itself or via their web-store at www.thedarkgallery.com. The Dark Gallery, discover the origins of chocolate yourself, do go over to MyTOWN Shopping Centre the next time you have a craving for artisanal dark chocolates or desserts. 





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          Mr. Colville's Glorious Tree        




Colville's Glory Tree

Colvillea racemosa
photo courtesy of Craig Morell
tree courtesy of Glen Parker


What a grand flowering tree this Madagascar native species is. It flowers in South Florida in October -November, with specimens here at Pinecrest Gardens and in local neighborhoods and gardens. For those who had the space, foresight, patience, and financing for the initial purchase,  Colvillea racemosa  is indeed a spectacular tree. It ranks near the top of the list for many flowering tree aficionados, and we are lucky to have three specimens of it. 

This tree is not for the impatient grower, nor the space challenged. The tree can get to 50 feet tall, and is neither symmetrical or very good as a shade tree. If you know how the tree will make a statement in the landscape, it is worthy investment. The trees are fairly hard to find since they rarely set seed, and when they do, the seeds have low viability. If you are lucky enough to find a tree that has been well tended since it was a seedling ( staked well and grown straight, without overly compacted roots), then it is a great tree for a dry landscape area with plenty of sunlight.

Almost everything about the tree is different than the "usual" oak tree, for instance. The trees grow in unusual shapes, are often leafless well into Summer, flower in October, and can be almost completely dormant for many months, sometimes twice a year. Once established, the tree is completely drought tolerant in our South Florida climate, requiring no additional watering in our dry seasons.

The flowers are hard to describe, but the cylindrical clusters, each comprised of hundreds of small red-orange buds, are borne a dozen to a branch, arch gracefully downward, and change color as the buds open. The color spectrum will change from vermillion-red to near-yellow on the same inflorscence, making the tree quite a spectacle indeed. Colville's Glory is an amazing tre for those who have space, and are willing to give the carfeul neglect it needs in order to thrive. When young, the trees can die from over-cultivation, of which I speak from experience.

        ï»¿

Colvillea flowers up close
photo courtsesy of Dave's Garden
 For those with a yen for unusual trees, who want a top-ranked tree that will be a stand-alone specimen in almost any neighborhood, I can recommend Colville's Glory. I can hope that in the near future the trees will become more available as our climate changes to possibly foster better seed set, and perhaps as more people become better educated about flowering trees. The Miami-based Tropical Flowering Tree Society has done a great job in promoting such trees with annual plant sales, widespread tree plantings in municipal and suburban areas and with their members' nurseries selling unusual trees for more than 20 years.If you wish tofind a rare tree, it can be obtained easier now than  ever before. I encourage readers to start hunting and be adventurous in trying something new    


          Youth Champion Profile: Maia Freudenberger        

Building Trust in Communities Maia Freudenberger has made a home for herself in Fianarantsoa, Madagascar, where she intends to stay and cultivate a more adolescent-friendly space. The 24-year-old is the co-founder and executive director of Projet Jeune Leader (PJL), a local organization that is focused on improving the reproductive health and leadership skills of young […]

The post Youth Champion Profile: Maia Freudenberger appeared first on PAI.


          Isis Study – July-September 2013 Summary and discussions - Part 1        
Isis unveiled, vol. I

Chapter XV –INDIA THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION

Pages 593 - 595

The previous blog ended with a note :

In the next blog ancient legend about the lost continent of Atlantis, the terrible strife between the Atlantean race, which towards its end had fallen into evil ways, on the one hand, and the Adepts of the Good Law, on the other, resulting in the destruction of the giant race of Atlantis and sinking of the continent, which was studied in the Isis Study class during July-September 2013, will be discussed.

Atlantis and its people

The great war between ‘Sons of God” and Atlantean giant sorcerers

 The class of Hierophants was divided into two categories :

  1. those who were instructed by the “Sons of God” of the island, [see the previous blog] who were initiated in the divine doctrine of pure revelation ; and,

  2. Others who, being of another race, were born of a sight which embraced all hidden things, and was independent of distance and material obstacles.
The second were the Fourth Race men. The sacred book of the Gutemalians, the Quiche MSS, the Popul Vuh, discovered by Brasseur de Bourbourg, speaks of them. In Theosophical Parlance, they were “natural born mediums,” who obtained their knowledge and powers without any struggle against, and conquest of, their lower human-animal nature. The latter condition is sine qua non for one who would become an Adept of the Good Law, and become  a “Son of God.” It is the “Sons of God” who walked in the path of their divine Instructors, acquired knowledge  by degrees, learned to discern the evil from the good. But the former, the born adepts of the Lost Continent (Atlantis) blindly followed the insinuations of the great invisible “Dragon,” the King Thevatat (the tempting serpent of Genesis ?). He was a sorcerer who knew without being initiated into the Sacred Mysteries, under whose insinuations the Atlanteans had become a nation of wicked magicians. In consequence of this a war was declared. (More detail account of it is given in H.P.B.’s The Secret Doctrine). The biblical story of Noah and his righteous family in struggle with the race of Cains, the giants, is a disfigured allegory of this pre-historical event. The conflict came to an end by the submersion of Atlantis—which finds its echo in the stories of Babylonian and Mosaic flood.

The giants and magicians “......and all the flesh died...and every man” (Popul Vuh), all except Xisuthrus  and Noah, who are identical with Thlinkithians of the Popul Vuh,the sacred book of the Gautemalians. It also tells of his escaping in a large boat, like the Hindu Noah—Vaivaswata.

Origin of Black Magic and irresponsible mediumship

Sacred tradition says : following inter-marriages between the descendants of the Hierophants of the fair Island and those of the Atlantean Noah sprang up a mixed race of righteous and wicked---Enochs, Buddhas, Christs and such saviours, on the one hand, and “natural magicians”, who, through lack of restraining power and proper spiritual enlightenment, because of weakness of mental and physical  organizations, unintentionally perverted their natural psychic and spiritual powers for evil purposes. Moses had severe rebuke to such who misused their powers for service of evil sprits to the hurt of humanity—the spirit of Ob.

Louis Jacolliot’s 21 volumes contain translations of Hindu philosophy and traditions, which mention matters relating to the submerged Atlantis

His copious translations in 21 volumes from ancient Hindu sacred books are invaluable. They corroborate the teachings given in Isis Unveiled [ and in The Secret Doctrine] In his work, Histoire des Vieges : Les Peuples et les Continent Disparus, he speaks of one of the most ancient legends of India, which he says  are preserved in the temples by oral and written traditions about historical events covering several hundreds of thousands of years. They speak of a mighty continent which existed where there is now the Pacific Ocean, which was destroyed by geological upheavals, fragments of which are to be sought in the now extant Madagascar, Ceylon, Sumatra, Java , Borneo and states of Polynesia. According to the ancient Indian sacred scrolls, that mighty continental country had attained a high civilization; that the  peninsula of Hindustan (India) was enlarged by the displacement of waters at the time of the grand geological cataclysms, and that the people of the ancient Indian sub-continent continued the traditions of the civilization born in that parent continent ; these traditions gave the name Ruta to the peoples which inhabited the immense equinoctial continent; and that from their speech was derived the Sanscrit. Jacolliot goes on the say that according to the temple literature of India  the most intelligent populations emigrated from India, from whom arose the Indo-Hellenic tradition, and that the latter also  preserved the memory of pre-historic events; that it too relates to the existence of a continent and a people to which it gives the name of Atlantis and Atlantides, and locates in the Atlantic in the northern portions of the tropics.

Stories preserved by Plato is nothing else but an echo of the Indian legend.

Jacolliot translated from Sanscrit MSS the account of the ancient continent of Atlantis, which  is corroborated in the religious beliefs and traditions preserved by the natives of the two extremes parts of the ocean, viz., Malacca and Polynesia. They speak of war between the “Sons of God” and the “Sons of giants,” the inhabitants of the Atlantis. Jacolliot personally visited all the islands of Polynesia, studied for years the religion, language, and traditions of nearly all these peoples.

Sandwich islands, New Zealand, Easter Island are separated from each other by such vast distances, and the inhabitants of these could never have crossed the vast ocean by primitive boats they used. Yet they preserved the same religious beliefs, spoke the same language, have the same usages, customs—which never could be but for the fact that they, at a distant epoch, formed an integral part of one mighty continent on which flourished a great civilization.

Ruins covering both the Americas and the West Indian Islands are attributed to the submerged Atlantis

 The new continent of Americas which arose from the ocean was communicable by land from the old continent, Atantis.  Hierophants and Magicians of the old world communicated with the new world by a network of subterranean passages running in all directions.  It is these itinerant magicians from the old world who wrought those magnificent stone structures in the Americas which baffle modern investigators. Mexican ancient myths and traditions preserve the memory of those events.

In the previous  blogs  Mexican myths and legends about the high civilization of pre-historic past which flourished in Americas, identity of the first historically known great navigators, Phonecians, the mysterious city of the Cordilleras etc. were discussed.

In the next blog some more corroborations from ancient traditions and witnesses will be brought up to show that  the ruins covering both the Americas  and west Indian islands own their origins to the Atlantean Magicians, and that the true religion and traditions of Incas are preserved to this day in all their original purity, in inviolable secrecy, despite the cultural and ethnic genocide perpetrated on them by the conquering Spaniards.
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          DVD Verdict 1227 - Sounds and Sights of Cinema (2012 Animated Films)        

This week, Clark kicks off a series of podcasts which take a look back at the films and film music of 2012. In the first installment, you'll hear selections from a handful of 2012's prominent animated films, including The Lorax, Paranorman, Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted, Brave, The Secret World of Arrietty, The Pirates! Band of Misfits, Ice Age: Continental Drift and Rise of the Guardians.


          DVD Verdict 1153 - Sounds and Sights of Cinema (New and Recent Releases)        

This week, Clark spotlights another batch of new and recent releases, offering musical selections from The Amazing Spider-Man, Ice Age: Continental Drift, Brave, Doctor Who: Series 6, Ted, People Like Us, The Bourne Legacy, Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted, and Len Wiseman's Total Recall (which is also reviewed). Enjoy!


          Conservation and birth control: a controversial mix?        
Family planning can prevent unwanted pregnancies, increase birth spacing, and improve women’s reproductive rights. All of this can reduce human populations, theoretically taking pressure off local environments. In recent years, some conservation organizations, seeing a win-win for women and ecosystems alike, have been widening their remits to include the provision of family planning services for […]
          DVD Verdict 264 - Sounds and Sights of Cinema (Let's Get Animated)        

Judge Clark Douglas gets animated with a selection of great score tracks from modern and classic animated films, like Pinocchio, Madagascar, Who Framed Roger Rabbit?, Chicken Run, The Land Before Time, Monsters, Inc., The Secret of Nimh, Meet the Robinsons, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Surf's Up, and Happy Feet, as well as his review of Disney's Bolt.

Email your comments, questions, or suggestions to Clark.


          Sea Cucumber Aquaculture        

A Sea Cucumber farming initiative provides an opportunity for development and financial growth in the village of Tampolove where diminishing fish stocks are making alternatives avenues of income more important. The aquaculture project is also providing funding for the local school.

Cast: Jon Slayer

Tags: sea cucumber, aquaculture, sea cucumber farm, tampolove, madagascar, blue ventures, unicef and jon slayer


          Amarillo Texas        
After leaving Little Rock, Arkansas we headed over to Amarillo, Texas on our way to Colorado Springs, Colorado.  We decided to stay there a week and take in whatever sights there were.

The RV park we decided to stay in was the AOK Camper Park located off of I-40 at Exit 80.  The reason I mention this is that if you are a Passport America member you can stay there for $12.50 a night.  It wasn't fancy, but well worth the price.
Sunrise at AOK Camper Park in Amarillo, Texas.

One of the first things we did was go eat at The Big Texan Steak Ranch which is more of a tourist attraction than steak house, in my humble opinion.  

The atmosphere was great with a band playing songs, everyone was dressed up like cowboys, and the kids get their kid's meals with a cowboy hat.  They will even come get you in a limo and then take you back home, if you like.

Limousines used to pick you up at The Big Texas Steak Ranch.
It is a Route 66 attraction.
If you can eat this 72oz steak, it is yours free!
A look inside the dining room at The Big Texas Steak Ranch.
The prices were a little high and the steaks were not as good as you would have thought.  Misty ordered her's medium well and it came to the table rare.  She had it sent back and it came back just as rare as it was in the beginning.  So we had it taken off the bill since she could not eat it.  I ordered a rib-eye which was OK, but for the price I would have thought it would have been better.

It is worth going there to see it in person, but we would not eat there again since in our opinion the food quality does not warrant the price.

The next thing we went to see was the Cadillac Ranch which is a local work of art or just art.  If you click on the name above, it will take you to a good news story all about the ranch.  We painted LivelyRV.com on a couple of the Cadillacs so that we would be remembered being there for about thirty or forty minutes.  You bring your own spray paint and color them up.  It does not take long for anything you paint to be covered up by other tourists doing the same thing.
The Cadillac Ranch is in view.
Chloe, Courtney, Avery, Ian, Tia, and Ethan at the Cadillac Ranch.
Putting our mark on one of the Cadillacs.
Tia and Avery climbing onto the Cadillac that we branded with LivelyRV.com.
Cadillac Ranch.
Another site we visited was Palo Duro Canyon State Park which is located in Canyon, Texas.  It is claimed to be the second largest canyon in the United States with the Grand Canyon being the only one larger.
Palo Duro Canyon State Park.
Tia, Courtney, Avery, Ethan, Chloe, and Ian at Palo Duro Canyon State Park.
A picture of the famous Lighthouse formation in the park from the visitor's center.
Another picture of the Lighthouse from the visitor center's telescope.
The kids all became Junior Rangers at the park and received their patches.  Unfortunately we did not have time to walk the trail to the Lighthouse formation, but if we ever go back, we will.

Another place we visited while in Amarillo, Texas was the Jack Sisemore RV Museum.  It is located at a RV dealership in the back so when you walk in just say you are there to see the museum.  The admission is free and it has a nice collection of motorcycles, RVs, and other items.  It is worth the trip to kill an hour or two.

You may recognize one of the RVs in the museum as the one in the movie RV with Robin Williams and Jeff Daniels.  If you have never watched it, then you should.  We actually rented it off of Amazon Prime to let the kids watch it.  It is rated PG and if I remember correctly, it was a pretty clean movie.
Ethan, Tia, Courtney, Chloe, Avery, and Ian at the Jack Sisemore RV Museum.
A Harley with a left sidecar.
Just some of the Harleys that are in his collection.




   
Does the red and white RV look familiar?
It is a 1948 Flxible bus used in the movie RV with Robin Williams and Jeff Daniels.
Some of the pictures from the movie RV.
There was also a mock service station in the museum.
Chloe touring one of the travel trailers in the collection.
Avery behind the wheel in the Flxible.
We also visited the Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument located in Fritch, TX.  This is where the mammoth hunters got the best flint for their weapons over 13000 years ago.

While we were there the kids also earned their Junior Ranger badges, which is always a good way for them to learn some history about the park.

The kids taking the Junior Ranger oath after earning their badges.
I did manage to get some nice pieces of flint while at the quarries, which is not from the actual site, but from surrounding farms who gather it for souvenirs for the park.  It is illegal to pick up Alibates flint from the national park.

I will tumble them to shine them up and maybe make some jewelry out of the best pieces.  That will be another blog though, if I even do it.  So many things to do with so little time.

Alibates flint on the right with stones from Madagascar on the left that are going to get tumbled.

The quarries are located next to Lake Meredith National Recreation Area which at the time was very dry.  The lake is sixty three feet lower than its normal levels.
A picture in Lake Meredith which is located next to the Alibates Flint Quarries.

It was so low that most of the boat launches in the upper part of the lake are bone dry as you can tell from the below picture of our GPS.
Where's the water?
So that was our exploring while in Amarillo Texas, which was quite a bit.  Now we will be heading to Colorado Springs, CO to see what all we can explore there.

We are blessed to be able to travel the way we do and thank God everyday for His blessings and His son Jesus who saved us from our sins.  God bless and safe travels.

Thanks!
Don, Misty, and Kids...
Twenty states visited so far.
 
          Up And Coming International Vacation Spots        
Things change fast in the international world of travel. From time to time, there are fairly untouched gems, like Mozambique 15 years ago or Cuba 10 years ago. For very different reasons, Germany, Argentina, the Philippines, and Madagascar are destinations to consider or re-consider for your up-and-coming vacation bucket list.
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              A Short History of Lemuria        


    A Short History of Lemuria


    The legend of Mu is found on islands all over the Pacific Ocean. For thousands of years the Polynesians have handed down the story of a continent in the Pacific that was motherland of mankind.

    The name of Mu somehow sounds like an uninteresting contraction of a more exotic name. In contrast, the word Lemuria invokes a picture of a land at the dawn of time, a land forgotten in our histories but not in our dreams.

    The name Lemuria resulted from a Nineteenth Century controversy over Darwin's Origin of the Species. Defenders of Darwin had trouble explaining how certain species became distributed over large areas. Zoologists had a particularly difficult time explaining the distribution of the lemurs. The lemur is a small primitive form of primate found in Africa, Madagascar, India, and the East Indian archipelago. Some zoologists suggested a land mass in the Indian Ocean, between Madagascar and India, millions of years ago. An English zoologist, Phillip L. Schlater, proposed the name Lemuria (LEMURia) for this former land of the LEMURS in the Indian Ocean.

    Earnst Heinrich Haeckel (1834-1919), a German naturalist and champion of Darwin, used Lemuria to explain the absence of fossil remains of early man: If man originated on a sunken continent in the Indian Ocean, all the fossils of the missing link are now under the sea. To quote Haeckel: "Schlater has given this continent the name of Lemuria, from the semi-apes which were characteristic of it."

    Zoologists have now explained the distribution of lemurs without resorting to the use of a land bridge. And anthropologists have discovered many bones of ancient man in Africa. However in the nineteenth century, Haeckel's theories were widely read and respected. As a result, the name Lemuria was well known among educated people in Europe and America.

    Madame Elena Petrovna Blavatsky (born Helena Hahn 1831-1891), the founder of Theosophy, in her book The Secret Doctrine (1888), claimed to have learned of Lemuria in The Book of Dzyan, which she said was composed in Atlantis and shown to her by the Mahatmas. However, in her writings she did give Philip Schlater the honor of inventing the name, Lemuria.

    Mme Blasvatsky located her Lemuria in the Indian Ocean about 150 million years ago. She may have obtained her ideas of a sunken land in the Indian Ocean from Sanskrit legends of the former continent of Rutas that sank beneath the sea. But the name Rutas sounds too spiritless and uninspiring to have held such a prominent place in cosmic history.

    She described the Lemurians as the third root race to inhabit the earth. They were egg-laying beings with a third eye that gave them psychic powers and allowed them to function without a brain. Originally bisexual, their downfall came about after they discovered sex.

    The English Theosophist W. Scott-Elliot, who said he received his knowledge from the Theosophical Masters by "astral clairvoyance", writes in The Story of Atlantis & The Lost Lemuria (1896), that the sexual exploits of the Lemurians so revolted the spiritual beings, the Lhas, that they refused to follow the cosmic plan of becoming the first to incarnate into the bodies of the Lemurians. Scott-Elliot located his Lemuria not only in the Indian Ocean: He described it as stretching from the east coast of Africa across the Indian AND the Pacific Oceans.

    In this century, writers have increasingly placed Lemuria in the Pacific Ocean. Even psychics and modern prophets channel beings who were citizens of Lemuria. Today just about everyone who has heard of Lemuria assumes that the legends of Mu are identical with the English zoologist's land of the lemurs.



    Approximately 14,000 years ago, the culture known as Lemuria was thriving. There were also other cultures on Earth, such as Atlantis, which were thriving as well. The holy people or the prophets of the Lemurian culture began to be aware that something was going to be changing. They began receiving information that the Earth was going to go through a very dramatic shift. The shift that they were referring to was what you call the Great Flood. You've also called it the destruction of Atlantis. These holy people of Lemuria were very much in touch with the land. They were the ancient ancestors of the Native Americans. They began to be aware that it was very important that the knowledge from Lemuria be preserved. And so for about 2,000 to 3,000 years, they were preparing for this great cataclysm. They began spreading their teachings about the Earth and about mankind's history to as many people as they possibly could. They believed that if they could spread this information to as many people as possible, the information would be stored within the cells of the human bodies. Then it would never be forgotten.

    They also began to store information in crystals. These crystals were taken deep within the Earth to be stored and preserved. These ancient Lemurians also began to create detailed maps of the underground tunnels that existed between power points on your planet. They also took the time to prepare their plans. They knew that they would receive a sign telling them it was time to go underground before the floods came. So they prepared themselves for these several thousand years to be the sacred keepers of the records of Earth. They knew it was very important that the information they held be saved for when the waters receded, otherwise the entire history of Earth and the sacred teachings of the Lemurians would have been lost forever.

    These holy people received their signs and began going underground. This occurred approximately one year before the flood. While underground, they learned to live there and use the underground environment for their sustenance. They built very supportive and loving communities underground. During that year, they did the final work involved in preserving some of the knowledge that they knew needed to be preserved.

    Then the flood came. All these people who were underground were safe from the waters, even though many, many people on the surface of the Earth perished. When the waters receded, the people emerged from underground. The land they once knew was now very different. This emergence from the Earth is the point at which the Native Americans' creation history begins. In a very literal sense, they did emerge from the Earth. Most of the native peoples have lost the exact literal memory of this emergence, but within the highest ranks of the shamans, this knowledge is still passed on.

    Now, we tell this story from the point of view of the Native Americans, but they were not the only people who went underground. The holy people all around this planet went underground. For instance, the Aborigines in Australia and those who were later to become the Druids in England were all preserving their knowledge underground as well. The Druids were preserving the ancient Atlantean information, as were the Egyptians. But the native peoples of the Pacific area, including Asia, were preserving the Lemurian information. These native peoples, even today, hold within themselves this sacred knowledge. Some of it is conscious but most of it lies in the subconscious. The Ainu of Japan are one of the tribes that preserved some of the knowledge. There was a great cooperation among all of these peoples on Earth to make sure that the sacred teachings were never lost.

    The rise and fall of the Lemurian civilization cannot be accurately documented, though many have gone in quest of this mythological continent. Lost civilizations have been known to rise and fall - or just appear and disappear without explanation. As with Atlantis one can only speculate as to what happened, based on archaeological evidence, legends, theories pieced together by researchers, and for some, metaphysical channelings.

    The exact location of Lemuria varies with different researchers and authors, though it is part of the mysteries of the Pacific region flowing into the American continent, just as Atlantis is linked to the Atlantic land areas that stretch to the Mediterrean Sea. Wherever you believe the location of Lemuria to be, it is linked with the Ring of Fire. This area has become active with a Tsunami in December 26, 2004, powerful earthquakes and volcanoes that continue, after being dormant for many years. It would seem that the legends of ancient Lemuria speak to us once again with warning signs - as they supposedly did to the Lemurians - before the continent - or group of islands - fell into the sea.

    The fate of Lemuria, also known as Pacifica, Mu, and what Cayce called Zu or Oz, is not unlike that proposed for Atlantis. It is much like the destiny of humanity foreseen in our timeline by prophets of old and modern-day clairvoyants. The legends are all the same ... a thriving, advanced culture that suddenly manifested out of nowhere. Their origins and downfall are linked to destruction when their continent sank beneath the 'sea' due to natural cataclyms and human imbalance.

    Possible Physical Evidence of Lemuria


    Stone monuments of mysterious origin dot the entire Pacific, from Japan's underwater site at Yonaguni, to cryptic Petroglyphs on Hawaii's Big Island, to Easter Island among sacred and megalithic sites

    Many believe that Easter Island was part of Lemuria. Its hundreds of colossal stone statues and written language point to an advanced culture, yet it appeared on the world's most remote spot. The legends of Easter Island speak of Hiva which sank beneath the waves as people fled.

    Samoans called a similar place Bolutu. It was stocked with trees and plants bearing fruits and flowers, which were immediately replaced when picked. On Bolutu men could walk through trees, houses, and other physical objects without any resistance.

    The Maoris of New Zealand still talk about arriving long ago from a sinking island called Hawaiki a vast and mountainous place on the other side of the water.

    Does the discovery of the Hobbit of Flores - in October 2004 - two months before the tsunami and earthquakes - in any way link to Lemuria?

    There are various dates for the Lemurian timeline - some placing it millions of years ago - while others define the Lemurian era as roughly 75,000 to 20,000 B.C. - prior to Atlantis. Others speculate that Atlantis and Lemuria co-existed for thousands of years.

    The idea of the Lemurian continent first appeared in the works of Augustus Le Plongeon, (1826-1908) a 19th century researcher and writer who conducted investigations of the Maya ruins in the Yucatan. He announced that he had translated ancient Mayan writings, which allegedly showed that the Maya of Yucatan were older than the later civilizations of Atlantis and Egypt, and additionally told the story of an even older continent of Mu, whose survivors founded the Maya civilization. Later students of the Ancient Maya writings argue that Le Plongeon's "translations" were based on little more than his vivid imagination.


    Metaphysics and Metaphors


    Reality is Myth and Metaphor - Magic and Mirrors - stories created in 'time' for the experiencer - projected through the eye or lens of the camera into the matrix to be perceived consciously as if virtual reality. ALL is projected illusion in the Alchemy of Time and Consciousness - ALL are parallel running programs through which we consciously experience simultaneously.

    Programs have inserts. If a civilization is an insert in a grid program - that could explain why fully evolved civilizations suddenly spring up out of nowhere - the 'sea of creation' - the flow of the collective unconsciousnes - or the consciousness grid that creates realities. If time is an illusion - all programs are running simultaneously. Therefore you are experiencing many civilizations at the same time. This often explains the feeling of Deja vu - or why some souls are drawn to live in a specific region and feel at home there.

    Sumer is an example of a programmed insert that sprang out of nowhere as an advanced civilization - then disappeared.

    There are those who believe that Lemuria suddenly appeared with a full-blown culture. This has spawned many interesting theories, including visits from extraterrestrials who introduced a new species of genetically engineered humans to replace their slow-witted ancestors. This too links with other creational theories about humans being seeded by gods or aliens.

    Most of what is written is a metaphor - linking to the patterns of creation - sacred geometry. It is about spiraling consciousness that moves from higher frequencies of thought - a higher harmonic - to slower - lower frequencies as we experiencing many places at the same time. All realities are created based on the numeric blueprint of sacred geometry - consciousness - the Golden Mean - Phi Ratio.

    Metaphors
    Let's examine the metaphors in the theories below ....

    Channelers speak of Lemurians as originally coming from higher frequency - then descending into third dimension for a physical experience. TThis parallels our human experience through the spiraling patterns of consciousness and a feeling of change that is taking hold with human conscousness at this time. We were originally higher frequency beings in spirit form who have descended into physical beings to experience linear time and emotion.

    Planet Earth is the third planet from the sun. It is physical - Reality experienced in third dimension - 3D. Some researchers consider the Lemurians the 'third root race'. They believe that we are the fourth root race - 4=4th dimension=time] soon to become the 'fifth root race' as we move into a Golden Age.

    The descended Lemurians allegedly remained here for thousands of years - which seems odd - as they did not mark time in years as we do. All of the timelines would be wrong.

    Their continent sank into the sea killing the physical souls. This is a metaphor for the souls returning to the sea of consciousness - the Lemurian grid program insert - and seeking new experiences in new forms of light or physical embodiment.

    Many see the end of a program - and the evolution of consciousness as the movement into a Golden Age - gold being a metaphor for Alchemy of Consciousness into awareness - the blue [electricity - the blueprint of our reality] and the gold [metal - magnetics.]

    Lemuria sank into the sea - ocean = flow of the collective unconsciousnes - which are the grids that comprise our realities on many levels. To 'sink into the sea' is to move one's consciousness from one reality to another. Power movement of water - tsunami of consciousness - the creational flood stories - amphibious gods from the sea - consciousness frozen in time or an 'Ice Age' between programs. Then we have the - meltdown of the polar icecaps. Electromagnetic energy - poles - polarity - bi-polar experiences - pole shifts on the planet and in conscousness - at Zero Point.

    Duality Atlantis and Lemuria - inserts created by electromagnetic energy grids - duality of experience. Does one continent represent the feminine energies and the other the masculine?

    Mythology and Metaphysics
    Return to the Goddess / Priestess / Feminine / higher frequency energies - Lemuria is often called Mu which sounds a lot like 'Moo' which takes us to 'cow goddesses' - in particular Hathor an ancient Egyptian creational force. In Gaul we find Damona, Goddess of fertility and healing. Her name means "divine cow". Cow Goddesses were linked to fertility and abundance. In the Celtic realms we find the Goddess of the river, Boyne which means 'Mistress of the white cows'. Boann is a Goddess of bounty and fertility whose totem is the sacred white cow.

    As with most ancient and lost civilizations - Lemurians would build pyramids or ziggurats - step pyramids - linking them to their gods who live above [on higher frequency]. These would be places of worship and sacrifice, or landing areas for spaceships. Pyramidal structures symbolize spiraling consciousness and ascension to the place of the gods and goddesses who reside 'above' our reality in a higher plane of existence. Is there a link for the Lemurian and the Mayan pyramids?

    Lemurian Seed Crystals


    Another theory is based on the notion of 'seed crystals' in which the knowledge and story of Lemuria was encoded and stored in seed crystals just before Lemuria fell. Later - in our timeline - the crystals would be discovered and their messages revealed helping those who find them reember their fated destiny and how it parallels our experience. Are these crystals linked to the Mayan or other Crystal Skulls?

    In conclusion - I believe that the story of Lemuria - and other lost and ancient civilizations - and religious ideologies are part of humanity's quest to remember that we are not physical beings searching for our spiritual selves - in as much as we are soul sparks of light having a physical experience - which is about the end / evolve back into higher frequencies of consciousness and total understanding of the nature of reality.

    Theories About Lemuria

    Anglo-American explorer, James Churchward was a close friend of Auguste and Alice Le Plongeon. James Churchward, in books such as The Lost Continent of Mu (1931), wrote that the Motherland stretched from the Hawaiian Islands to Fiji and from Easter Island to the Marianas.

    Churchward wanted an ancient civilization of his own, and using Le Plongeon's doubtful methodology set about 'discovering' one. His findings were set down in the five main volumes of the Mu series published in from 1926 - 1931. The basic premise was by studying various ancient texts Churchward had discovered the existence of a long lost continent with an advanced civilization that approximately 60,000 years earlier had sunk below the Pacific Ocean after a cataclysmic earthquake. Sixty-four million people allegedly died. The Hawaiian Islands and the Pacific Islands are the remaining mountain peaks of the lost continent.

    Volume #1 - The Lost Continent of Mu set out Churchward's theory utilizing a "vast knowledge of science, ancient art and history, mythology and the occult" to recreate the splendor and doom of this hidden antediluvian world. Lemuria or Mu was about 5,000 miles long and 3,000 miles wide. The Garden of Eden was not in Asia but on a now sunken continent in the Pacific Ocean. The Biblical story of Creation came first not from the peoples of the Nile or the Euphrates Valley but from this now-submerged continent, Mu - the Motherland of Man.

    Volume #2 - The Children of Mu is the story of the pioneers of Mu. Sixty-three million people lived on the now lost continent of Mu over 200,000 years ago. The children of Mu became the most influential people on Earth. Mu had an incredibly sophisticated government, flowering culture and scientific technology. Much of the Lemurian civilization lived in homes with transparent roofs. They built shelters, made clothing, food, and their own tools. They were free from stress and disease, living in peace for hundreds of years. Their psychic abilities were highly developed - telepathy, astral travel and teleportation making traditional communication devices unnecessary. They were primarily a vegetarian, agricultural, outdoor, organic culture that worked in harmony with nature and the land.

    Volume #3 - The Sacred Symbols of Mu, this volume talks about the occult origins of ancient and modern religions. All religions have a common origin in the Sacred Inspired Writings of Mu. The Lord's Prayer is to be found in The Sacred Inspired Writings of Mu. Evidence of the Mu religion dates back 170,000 years. These teachings were taught by Osiris, Moses, and Jesus. Moses condensed the forty-two questions of the Osirian religion into the Ten Commandments. Jesus condensed the text to suit the language of his day. The Last Words of Jesus on the cross were in the language of Mu, 'unknown in Palestine'.

    Volume #4 - The Cosmic Forces of Mu - Biological evolution is a myth, There is no such thing as atomic force. All disease can be conquered by using appropriately colored light rays. The Earth's temperatures and seasons have become inalterably fixed in their present state and that the Earth cannot be hurled off into space or drawn into the sun.

    Volume is #5 - Second Book of the Cosmic Forces of Mu - Churchward continues to draw conclusions from the ancient documents and lore of Mu to present some startling revisionist theories about the age of the Earth, the nature of mountains and volcanic processes, the Ice Age and Flood.

    The Rosicrucians
    The Rosicrucians of San Jose, California - a disastrous cycle began with volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and the collapse of subterranean gas belts. Magnetic waves moved around the globe, and Lemuria began to go under. Fortunately, there was time enough for small groups to salvage part of Lemuria's precious wisdom, which was stored in crystals. Some colonists reached India and from there Mesopotamia and Egypt - while others migrated eastward on crude rafts to the Americas, forming the racial core of the earliest Indian tribes. California was home to history's oldest people: pure Lemurians who later became the California Indians. That could explain why some America's oldest human artifacts were found on Santa Rosa Island off Santa Barbara, dating around 25,000 B.C.

    Channeler - Edgar Cayce

    The Cayce readings refer to a lost continent in the Pacific by several names, but most often it is called Lemuria. Other names are Mu, Zu, and possibly Oz. Some of these may refer to provinces of the continent, or to portions left after a major break-up of the land. Lemuria sank into the sea. Some of the land area changed to what is now a portion of the Rocky Mountains - Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada and Utah. There was an entity among the Lemurian princesses who established the teachings of the Law of One which taught about brought destructive forces in Lemuria before it fell due to separation of love to the gratifying of selfish motives.

    Channeler - Gordon-Michael Scallion

    The original Lemurians were thought projections not physically beings. It made them higher in frequency and closer to the Creator's energy vibration level. Their souls came to Earth to experience the physical vibration. They were about nine feet tall, had scaly skin with an aqua cast, which changed from blue to green in conjunction with two seasonal cycles each year. They breathed through their skin, not lungs. Their faces were elongated and oval. Their eyes were large with vertical pupils.

    The Lemurian experience began with the projection of 144 soul groups - representing the projection of 33 million souls. They came from Mars, the Pleiades and Sirius - projecting into physical form on Earth. Some groups chose water, some the plant kingdom, the mineral kingdom, or the animal kingdom. The greater experiments were with the animal kingdom as this realm allowed for longer life spans and greater mobility. The Earth had interesting species at that time which included giants and elves.

    When Lemuria fell the souls went on to become the Atlanteans

    Researcher / Author David Childress

    According to Childress the first civilization arose 78,000 years ago on a giant continent known as Mu or Lemuria, and lasted for an astonishing 52,000 years. It is sometimes said to have been destroyed in earthquakes generated by a pole shift which occurred approximately 24,000 B.C.

    There was one language and one government. Education was the keynote of the Empire's success, and because every citizen was versed in the laws of the universe and was given thorough training in a profession or trade, magnificent prosperity resulted. A child's education was compulsory to the age of 21 in order for him to be eligible to attend citizenship school. This training period lasted for seven years; so the earliest age at which a person could become a citizen of the empire was 28.

    The Elders of Lemuria, known as the Thirteenth School, moved their headquarters prior to the cataclysm to the uninhabited plateau of Central Asia that we now call Tibet. Here they allegedly established a library and school known as The Great White Brotherhood.

    Helena Blavatsky

    In her book The Secret Doctrine (1888), Madame Blavatsky claimed to have learned of Lemuria in The Book of Dzyan which she said was shown to her by the Mahatmas. Mahatma is Sanskrit for 'Great Soul'. She may have obtained some of her ideas of a sunken land in the Indian Ocean from Sanskrit legends of the Rutas. Blasvatsky placed her 'Third Continent of the Third Root Race' to inhabit planet Earth - in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and Malaysia existing 150 million years ago. Surprisingly, many scientists of her day concurred and even came up with the name, derived from 'lemur', the ghostlike primates who allegedly lived there. Lemurians were allegedly egg-laying beings with a third eye that gave them psychic abilities.

     
    source : http://esoterism.ro/english/lemuria.php



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              4 vahiny in 4 volana!!! (4 guests in 4 months!!!)        
    Meva right after my mama, wee bro and sis picked her up from the airport and went to the market, where Dada was selling clothes.
    shoot..gotta go pick up jenny!! will finsihe lata...WWAAAHHOOO!!!! :)



















    We climbed to the top of a waterfall on Ile St. Marie, which is a small island off the east coast of Radagasikara, and found this gorgeous view







































































    My good friend, Osoa chopping up mpalybe aka jackfruit. Its a massive fruit, up to 10kilograms (about 6 lbs). I'd describe it tasting like banana taffy :)














    Meva's kids, Caleb and Alex, had their classmates donate TONS of school supplies for my local elementary school.












    The kids love it!!!

















    awwww....Baby Francio... I hate to say I have favorites, but look at him, I can't help it!!! :P









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































    Azalahy! It's been 4 months since I've written. There's a pattern here that maybe the reason...I've been lucky enough to have 4 visitors, family/friends/loved ones come visit me here in the magical land of Madagasikara in the past 4 months!!! SAMBATRA ZAHO!: I'm blessed! For first my sister n law, Meva to come and really bring a great family fun 2 weeks in december, followed by my girl Lindsay&namana in January, for then my dreams to come true and have my dude, Brad spend a month with me in the magical hut, and to mbola misy (STILL HAVE!!:)) my shining star, beautiful sister Jenny arrive, touch foot on my magical homeland TODAY..in 2 hours, Lord willin is and has been for the past 4 months, such a natural, cloud 9, up in the sky high that will bring me and these people that have visited me in my homeland of Madaland, joy for life. I can write about, share pictures, tell stories when I return about my life, work, relationships, landscapes, food, hardships, and natural gifts that I've recieved while spending most of the past 2 1/2 years here but there's, of course, nothing like having someone experience it with me, see, smell, taste, hear, feel what this culture is. I'm sooo thankful to these people, as I know all of us Peace Corps Volunteers are, to have a loved one come visit our service country. We PCV's chose to be away from our family and friends back home in USA, to utilize our strengths and services for 2 years in a country with less money, food, clean drinking water, medicine, education, environmental awareness, job opportunity, and/ or opportunity in general. I think most of us that are continuing to complete our service (if not interrupted by political upheavel, again) are satisfied and grateful to have this opportunity to actually LIVE, absorb, integrate into a different culture. Many people in my village haven't even been 10 miles away to the city of Toamasina. But even though I made this decision to be away from my families while embarking on this professional, personal, service-directed adventure, doesn't make it easy to be away from y'all back home, wherever that home is. I'd say I integrated and fell in love with this country fairly quickly, within the first couple months of arriving, in large part because of my family; but still admit that a few days within this time were realllly long and sad thinking about missing my favoritest people in the world having babies, getting married, new houses, missing family fun on the holidays. Especially since the Malagasy way is built upon a strong sense of family as its foundation, they often don't understand how or why I made this decision. Here, you rely and depend on them much more strongly and longer than I've seen most families do in the States. I think most is because of the opportunity being an American gives us. Malagasy often times don't think about moving away from their families before marriage, just not practicial to obtain a house on your until you start your own family, and then still, sometimes still all move into one house together. This is largely due to financial needs but as a end product, results in a family much more dependant for life. Of course I'm not saying this is either good or bad, a better familial experience or worse, I'm just making an observable difference between the American and Malagasy culture. Because of this longer dependancy, many Gasy are shocked that I would choose to leave my family for an extended period of time, but I feel because they've never had this an option to even think about it as an opportunity. I try to encourage the students of Antetezambaro that education has the potential to bring you places, if you would choose to go there, but must remain diligent and positive in your quest for new experiences. While I have many students in my teen club that are mazoto learning english and dream of being a pilot of travel guide somewhere else here in Radagasikara, many students have admitted they wouldn't want to do that and leave their families....Even though I have missed my friends and family dearly and am realllly looking forward to seeing y'all in July this summer, I am more reflecting and soaking up all the things here that I'm going to miss. 2 1/2 years of my life has gone by sooooo quickly, as I'm sure it has for most of us, and I'm just sooooo grateful to have had this opportunity to spread my wings away from my family, friends, comforts, and familiarities to blossom new buds that I never knew I'd had through expanding my knowledge and oppinions on lifestyle, global issues within poverty, and the meaning we can bring to our life if we want to find it and affirm it. * Even though I was sent to Madagascar back in Sept. 2008 because this country is still 'developing' and the 10th poorest per capita in the world, I've realized that this country may not have financial weath, but natural gifts from being a tropical island and mostly the wealth of joy that exudes from so many Gasy people, is more than any amount of money, gold, gems, or oil could buy.






































































































    t loo
    T

              weaving, hand-washin, hiking, tree-planting, eating, beaching, caring, jumping, biking, tumbling, giving, smiling, crying, nose-pickn family fun!! :)        
    The past 6 weeks at site have been exceptionally enjoyable, following our Reinstatement Stage Close- of -Service conference which was at the end of September. The conference gave me points to think about when reflecting on skills acquired and goals still in sight of achieving, and what I really want to make sure I especially soak up and enjoy while living my last 6 months in my beloved village. A teen Life Skill's club is one of the secondary projects I've been wanting to get going for a few months, but I finally organized a clear plan of action with the Director of the middle/junior high school of how many students I want, to start up a group that meets at least once a week to play football (soccer), do gymnastics/ other physical activity; study english; focus on decision making processes, resisting peer pressure, and other health &emotional issues that need to be talked about with teenagers. I'm grateful that my teaching experience has helped in this area, I guess I have always had a passion for the middle school- aged kids:)
    Another goal I thought about really wanting to conquer is weaving, and luckily I'm assigned to the the right place for it. Antetezambaro is known all over the region and country for it's basket weaving of random household objects- toothbrush/paste holders, hats, placemats, tsihey's (sleep mats), spice-holders. It's all made of the Ravinala tree, the multi-purpose national tree of Madagascar that Gasy use not only for weaving but also for building huts such as my own Magic:) My good friend, Osoa, has been diligently practicing with me daily and I'm proud of my first couple products. I'll be happy to teach those interested upon my return in 6 months! :)
    Other work activities I've been doing included a cool environment program called LEEP (Lifestyle and Environmental Exchange Program). This is a non-profit started by a Malagasy couple, who have been living in Colorado for 15 years now, but wanted to give back to their people's own children. For we that grew up in the USA, school field trips were just part of the yearly school routine, but for kids here, is possibly a once in a lifetime trip. 4 kids and 1 school teacher (plus 2 other PCV's and myself) from 5 different villages were chosen to attend the 4 day camp, which was at another PCV's site about 50 miles north of me. It was some of the kids first time ever seeing the ocean or coconuts (those kids from the high plateau/center of the island). I think this made the kids I brought grateful and appreciative of having a massive body of magnificent water so close all the time. They all had a great time mixing with each other, learning about key issues in preventing devastation to Madagascar's unique floral and fauna, and sharing different games and dances from their diverse hometowns.
    The next work project that kept me busy for a straight week was round 2 of "herinandro reny sy zaza" (mother and child health week). I know wrote about this in April, since the Malagasy Ministery of health organizes these weeks every April& October-twice every year. This is a great system to keep children 5 and under free from belly worms, give them dose of Vit. A, and this time around also included vaccines against measles that has become more prevalent in recent years here. Every day I woke up with the chickens to bike about 20 KM (14 miles) to bring these treatments out to the bush. I love doing this, not just for the exercise, but it gives me the perfect opportunity to meet and serve more people in the outskirts country of my commune (Antetezambaro is the commune head of 12 "fokontany's" or small villages).
    The fourth big work project I was busy with during the first week of November was translating for a medical mission. A group of doctor's from a Catholic Hospital in Cincinnati and an organizations "By the Holy Spirit", donated their time, $, and vacation days to give their medical knowledge , medicines, and services for free to those in need in my area. Some of the major cases they helped with was an ectopic pregnancy, a 19 y/o woman with cervical fibroids so large she looked pregnant from afar, cervical cancer, and elephantitus (swelling of body extremities due to worms that habitate in arteries, usually transmitted through skin entrance, most likey in muddy, thigh deep rice paddies). Although these were 10 days of long hours and LOTSA talking, this was fulfilling and fun work, as the 3 doctors saw about 150 patients/ day. Plus it gave 3 others PCV's in my region, my Betsimisaraka family, a chance to collaborate and bond together. And I knew many of the patients, which made this project very grass-roots for me especially. I mostly worked with the Dr. Izzy, the OB/GYN that's also my age. She was soooo good at looking at women with stomach/pelvic issues. She did echographies for those in need and also got to show the growing fetus to several pregnant woman who've never even heard of an ultrasound, and I loved being able to tell the woman if they're were having a boy or girl. They were sooo tickled! I was verry impressed with Dr. Izzy's medical intelligence and effective description of OB issues. There was also Dr. Rich and Dr. Jack, a Physician Assitant that really helped confirm my decision to seriously investigate moving forward with getting back to school for my P.A. Working in the hospital every day has made me realize how much I enjoy it. I'll always be a teacher as well, at heart, but I see the vision of all the worldly opportunities that would open up to me if I obtain my P.A. So LOTSA science, chemisty, biology, aka HARD pre-requ's to tackle when return Stateside, but I'm ready for it, bring it on! The hands-on experiences I've seen in trauma, childbirth, malarial, diarrheal diseases, and common cold illnesses I'm sure will proove to be invaluable to this ultimate career goal of mine. So the last few days I've been here in the capital city of Tana, has been filled with plenty of good food, friends, and family fun!!! And much more of the last one to come in just a couple days!!!: Chris's wife (my sis n law), Laura, is coming alllll this way to see me! I'm sooo grateful to at least have 1 person from my family come experience my life here and understand what I'm doing here. I love sharing my stories and pictures, but of course nothing can be fully comprehended until experienced directly. On that note, this first picture , I just couldn't resist posting. I'm soooo blessed to not only have great family and freinds back home, and of course essential support in my fellow PCV's , but mostly for having Brad, my awesome dude, to talk to, share successes and obstacles during this tour past 2 years. My next life goal is to get him here to my Homeland to help him understand the next deepest depth of my soul....which will always be here Madagascar.
    Bread and I with our Tung during a crisp fall morning last year. I miss them dearly! Lord willin, will see you sooner, rather than later:)


    These birds "morteau's" are (kinda sadly) captured and their wings clipped for the enjoyment of having them around. They can make very human- like word sounds! I'm training this one to say my name when he comes to visit me every evening. :)

    Part of the PMI-President's Malarial Initiative includes handing out free mosquito nets to each family. I had to make sure to tell the people "they're for hanging above your bed, not catching fish!!!" which is a real issue in some areas and could cause serious sickness and ecosystem damage because of the bug-killing chemicals on them.




    Osoa starting out her daily weaving lessons. It's a relaxing hobby and I've always loved doing projects with my hands where I see a finished product that can be enjoyed!






    DOOOHHH! Free show!! ;P My ladosy (shower) has seen better days....the wind finally overtook my lovely washing spot that has been slowly destroyed by termites.

    October 15th, 2010- National Handwashing Day!! "Andro i Manasa Tanana" I did a sensibilization to these elementery school kids, then had volunteers demonstrate the proper fomba for washing hands. In the background is the commune head of Antetezambaro, where the Mayor's office/ admistration buildings are.


    After mine and student volunteer's demonstrations, I had each class line up with their teacher's to practice washing their hands properly WITH SOAP (often not used). There's also a great song they sand loudly to the tune "wheels on the bus"- zaza manasa tanana, tanana, tanana......







    This man is in the process of making Betsa, an alcohol made from fermented sugar cane. He has a huge tree trunk set up to easily roll over the sugar cane peices he stuffs under, which causes the liquid alcohol to be extracted.


    One of our activities during the LEEP camp included climbing this steep hillside to plant trees where they had recently been burned down for fuel. It was a challenge that was worth it! The pile of yellow debris is all the sugar cane the Betsa maker has already used and extracted alcohol from







    The view from the top of the hillside, overlooking Ampasibe-Onibe, the site of the LEEP camp. These were the student girls and teacher from my site. I swear they were having a good time (maybe beside being hot, thirsty ,and tired;p) it's just Fomba Gasy (custom) to not smile in pictures.











    Our whole LEEP camp group during our last activity together at Parc Ivoloina, which is a great lemur/amphibian conservation parc near my site.















    Some of my boys posing for me across the rice paddy.














    I can already tell how much I 'm gonna miss these kids......Cono is def. the most mature, well-behaved , and hardest worker of the bro's.















    They're soo cool and crazy! Arsenn is the spunkiest troublemaker of the group, but those kids are always hilarious as well!! We ironically busted out similar poses for this snapshot. In the background is my kabone (hole in the ground) and ladosy, which you can see I added a couple support beams to try to prevent from blowing away:)










    Mondrosoa any tranoko Magic! (Welcome, come into my Magic hut!) Isn't she lovely?!!

















    This lemur coming outta the corner , suddenly from nowhere, somehow perfectly timed his leap, to land right in front of the camera at the perfect time of exposure! I'm tellin u, this hut of mine is the source of all things Magical!! :)














    A beautiful mother grinning ear to ear after her baby has white traces of evidence on his mouth, of killing those worms that have been stealing his precious nutrients!















    Other mothers and children anticipated their de-worming doses, vit. A, and vaccines. The poor boy and girl up front know the needle to come may pinch just a wee bit.






















    HAH! This is a great , perfectly timed, unplanned capture of Gasy culture. It's not funny or gross for big sister to shove her finger waaaay up there to get out the crusties. ;P
















    This is me arriving early morning into Toamasina (Tamatave-port city 20 KM south of me). I had to transport these 2 boxes of vaccines safely and quickly to the bush sites in need during Herinandro Reny sy Zaza. Of course I'm wearing my bike helmet as all good Peace Corps Volunteers do :)












    A 4 year old all ready for her bi-yearly dose of Vitamin A!



















    Fikambanana Fomba Fiainana miaraka @ Kanto! (Life Skills Club with Kanto) This was my first club meeting, I was really happy with the turn-out!





    My Fikambanana practicing gymnastics- "10 handstands, tight legs, Alefa!!" (go!) Some are amazing gymnasts naturally, others I'm working with, but Gasy kids are verrry quick learners.




    Some of the more elite naturals of the group. Of course no formal training, they just have no fear! and lotsa soft sand pitts to practice in. This kid gets the award for most air of all.










    Kanto's east coast breakfast of choice, breakfast of champions: fried fish! especially the crispy head is my fave!! :) yummmmm



    A couple of my Betsi sister's , Katie and Megan at our Halloween party/meeting @ beautiful Mahambo beach. I found this awwwwesome leopard housecoat so couldn't resist gettin deckd out to be a cat. Katie on the left is supposed to be Madonna and Megan is a Jirama worker (common construction job for men in the area)


    Dr. Izzy doing an ultrasound on a curious expecting mommy.



    A couple toddlars fetching water for their mom who just had a baby at a hospital in the city of Toamasina that I volunteer at



    I loved watching this process of children fulfilling a humans most basic need for survival- water, although this water must be boiled or filtered before consumption to prevent bacterial diseases/ parasites.



    "It's full, Mom, here I come!" :)



    Patients camping out under the shady palms, as they await their chance to be seen by the American doctors.






































              the super success of the sustainable Fety Riba Mena!        
    WAHOO! WHAT A SUPER FANTASTIC, service-filled past few weeks, mostly accredited to our Fety Riba Mena. (party of the red ribbon). This was the name of the 3rd Cirque de SIDA , I've done. The 6 PCV's around the region of Lac Aloatra, the lake we biked 222K around to do AIDS sensibilizations for 2 weeks, did an awesome job of organizing this fety, which was filled with skits, singing, dancing, and teaching/ sensibilizations about what AIDS is, how it's transfered, and the severity of this epidemic, which still has no cure. It sure was exhausting as we 22 PCV's got up each morning about 6AM, packed up our tents and gear, and biked anywhere from 10-60K each morning to get to the next town. We would arrive usually before noon at each of the 10 villages we did fety's at, set up our sleeping arrangements which was either at a village guest house, or the PCV"s house, then began setting up our "booths". Our 6 booths all had an AIDS prevention theme, but included all the 4 sectors of Peace Corps here in Madagascar: health, teaching, environment, and small business. From 1-3PM, we would take turns at all the 6booths,
    1.) an HIV/AIDS info booth
    2.) overall health (balanced nutrition, preventing malaria/diarrhea);
    3.) budgeting family finances &family planning;
    4.) what is Peace Corps?(our 3 objectives of technical training, sharing American culture with our villagers, &sharing the Malagasy culture with friends back in the western world) We also talked about the meaning of the red ribbon, because this is an American-created symbol of AIDS awareness and most Gasy didn't know what it meant at first sight
    5.) a song booth, especially for the kids to learn the songs PCV's used the tune, to make up new lyrics about AIDS prevention to well-known songs such as Shakira's "WacaWaca" World Cup tune (is this huge in the West as well?) and another Malagasy artists' pop song of "za tsy kivy" (I'm not disappointed) Gasy love to sing and LOVED even more watching the vazaha(white people) sing Gasy!
    6.) advanced farming techniques/ esspecially focusing on planting ananambo (moringa in english), which is a tree with tiny leaves, that power-packed with TONS of nutrients- Vit.A,B,C,D, thiamin, potassium, calcium, and protein!!! and it typically grows well in all types of soil, even sandy nutrient-lacking soil such as my own here on the east coast so is a super cheap/free source of healthy eating, especially for those with diseases or a weakened immune system. Has anyone every seen this in the States? Because I'd never heard of it before coming to Mada?
    Then from 3-5, we put on our 'performance', that attracted usually a couple thousand at each village. We were lucky enough to have PSI come with their speaker/music equipment and their sensibilization expertise. I was in charge of organizing and leading the 'condom relay races', which included recruiting 12 volunteers for the 2 teams that had to master each of the 6 steps of using a condom correctly. (1:Checking the expiration date& that the package still has air 2:Opening the pkg with hands, not teeth! 3:Setting the condom, correct side up on the penis and rolling down slowly 4:When protected sex is finished, carefully taking off the condom being careful not to spill the rano aina (I don't think I need to translate what this is;P) 5:Tying the condom to prevent spillage 6:Wrapping in paper/ throwing in the kabone (latrine) or rubbish bin. So there ya go, sorry if my sensibilization offends, but I'm just completing part of my objective as a PCV, to share my work and experience with friends back home:) I've thought about how a public performance like this probably wouldn't be ok with so many of the conservative family activists, but the game relayed (no pun intended) essential info in a way that really got people more comfortable with the idea of protecting themselves, their partners, and families against diseases that can kill, so why shouldn't we make it a public performance!?? But I truly think all 10 fety's we did were a huge success, that reached thousands of people. Maybe even millions, since on the last day, in Ambatondrazaka, the region capital where we finished our bike tour, I was asked to do a t.v/ radio interview to explain our Fety Riba Mena, so who knows the numbers of people we reached out to to spread such an urgent message of protecting Madagascar's future from this devastating disease that killing thousands and thousands each day, all over the world. But with baby steps and education, we can do what we're capable of in halting this epidemic.
    I had an interesting chat with a waiter yesterday, about the effectiveness of 'aid' organizations such as Red Cross, USAID etc that come into a poverty-stricken place to provide food and medicine hand-outs. NO doubt this aid is appreciated by the people.....but then expected. The waiter had observed that the recipients became lazy to help themselves and started asking when the next shipment of food would arrive. This brought a surge of emotion over me- sadness knowing that this is a true fact and down side of foreign 'aide' organizations; stricken, knowing that a local made an impressive insight in recognizing this problem, which is a step towards awareness, which can be a step towards change, if taken seriously; happiness and fulfillment knowing that I, as Peace Corps Volunteer living in a small village with no electricity/running water,and easily getting by on my living stipend of $200/month, am NOT part of this 'aide', but am quite the opposite. My role is to supplement this 'aide' that's given to developing countries, in this case, Madagascar, the 10 "poorest"country in the world in statistics of wealthy nations, but one of the richest in varieties of animals, plants, fruits, landscapes, beauty, and culture. I've had villagers ask for money and medicine, them recognizing that I have much more than they do, which is no lie for sure; but I no hand-outs are not sustainable and would also lead to a chain reaction of people asking for $ & meds. I'm a community health volunteer, dedicated to helping villagers help themselves. And it's surely not just them getting help from me! Although I feel as if I have done a lot of good work here, though my daily interactions with friends in Antetezambaro, teaching students at the local elementary& middle schools, organizing AIDS awareness festivals, chatting with young mom's about the importance of vaccines on bush taxi's, helping the urgent patients that have come to my house looking for a doctor that isn't around- all of this couldn't compare to everything I've gained from the Malagasy people, culture, lifestyle. Mifampianara: to teach each other, I teach you; you teach me. This philosophy, which is 2/3 objectives of Peace Corps is the most magical part of these few years that will be with me forever.
    I don't know if many people are still reading this, as I recognize that I've gone on quite a ranting reflection, but to summarize all of this, I DO think that foreign aide organizations are doing lots of good work and reaching out to people in need all over the world. But I also think it's important for all of us to also think about how we can supplement financial aide- that is used up quickly and sometimes incorrectly and quickly causes the recipients to ask "where's more?". How can we give a deeper, more meaningful and sustainable aide? For me, I've already had 1 1/2 years of obtaining this goal and objective of providing sustainable aide, which has in return given me more sustainable knowledge that I'll use in my own life, forever. Serving others= serving yourselves,families, and the world!!!
              Volona ny Vaoteraka!! (month of newborns)        
    I uploaded pics out of order, but this is after I spent the day harvesting rice with some friends. It's all either shoved into a gooney and brought back to the house for drying, or immediatly spread out on a mat to dry in the sun for 2 days (as in 4th picture below).

    This was me interviewing an 8 year old a couple weeks ago, in a tiny village 10K away from Antetezambaro. Dr. Dezy (behind) and I went to a different surrounding villages each day of the week, to do yearly physicals for elementary school students. It was great to get out to ambanivolo be (really out in the bush). We weighed them, checked their height, teeth, skin, and vital signs and Dezy prescribed any meds/ malaria tests that were needed. This is me interviewing an 8 year old.


    One of my favorite jobs of weighing babies and helping with vaccines every Thursday! So fun! but watch out for especially the wee boys who typically can't control their bladder releases as soon as they touch the scale...DUCK!!;))




    This is Baby Kanto at about 12 hours old!!! 3.0Kilo (6.6 lbs) and a smiling star!! My first witnessed labor from the start of the tiring and painful labor to the beauuutiful and magical Creation of life, as I helped welcome her into the world! I'm honored to share a name with such a precious being!




    Another shot of our rice paddies in Antetezambaro. She just finished seperating the grains of rice from the stalk, spread them out onto a tsihey (woven mat), and waits for them to dry out under the sun, for 2-3 days.








    My good friend, Osoa, as she uses a small pairing knife to clip each stalk of rice. Each stalk holds about 20 grains of rice. You can see the golden fields in the distance, all ripe and waiting to be clipped, dried out, pounded to get the shelling off, rocks picked out, and cleaned before supplying a family with their year-long supply of rice.




    It's been a while since I've had time or access to the internet, and because so much happens within each of my months here in Radagascar, it's hard for me to think about where I want my reflections to begin. The month of June, I"ll definitely claim as "Volona ny Vaoteraka"= Month of Babies, since on just the 2nd day of the month, the labor goddesses were provoked, as a young 16 year old girl arrived at the CSB to deliver her baby. That flight of the first vibration of baby love was not witnessed fully because the young mother wasn't progressing enough, so we had to send her to the the hospital in Tamatave. This was quite an intense first witness of how Malagasy people deliver a baby, which includes having at least one person standing at the crown of the mother's head, to be in a position to push her baby bellow down towards her legs, as hard as possible, hoping to push the baby down the birthing path quicker. Plus, "fomba Gasy" (Malagasy tradition/customs) include being as quiet as possible while pushing during labor. They believe it's a complete waste of energy to let out screams while pushing, since that energy could be used internally. And of course no epidural/ numbing meds at least in my local med clinic are available to help with the pain and discomfort of it all. Anyways, after a few hours of hard pushing, we had to tell her family to quickly get her to Tamatave and I never heard about the rest of her labor and birth. But just the next week, I saw an entire labor, from right after the water broke to the first suckles of Kanto's mother's life milk. This was another young mother, 17 years old. She's from my village so her mother didn't have to bring her very far. The baby's father had just left to work in the fields, so he wasn't there to support her, but I happily stayed by her side, supplied her with an arm/ hand to squeeze when needed , and kept her legs in position for the doctor to carry out the birth. After a couple intense hours of hardwork, a beauuutiful baby was brought into this world by candlelight at 8PM, 11th June. I gladly was the messenger of "vehivavy izy!!" =it's a girl! And sorta jokingly, when I asked the mother what her name is, I said "you should name her Kanto!" and she did!! Talk about fuzzy feelings inside! To know that the first baby I witnessed enter into this world is named after me!! :) I had a towel waiting for her arrival, so after the doctor clipped the cord, I brought her to the scale to weigh and get her cleaned up. Kanto had just a wee peep of a cry, but mostly had huuuuge eyes, wanting to sense the new world surrounding her. That was an overwhelmingly, emotionally beautiful sight- to get the opportunity to witness, exerience, feel the energies, spirits, see the natural body functions and releases involved in Creation of Life!! It's been great that Baby Kanto lives quite close to me, so I've been able to go visit frequently. I knew this beauuutiful, magical experience was a sign that my own American family's 2 upcoming babies were getting ready to embark upon us all! i could feel it in my bones! :) Sure enough, just 4 days later, on 15 June, 2010, Jon and Molly welcomed a bouncy, chubby cheeked (taking after big bro, Will) Brandon Nicholas Cummings into the world followed by my new Scottish Baby Sister, Vienna Rose Michele Cooney born on the 24th. Since my beauutiful, shining star sister, Jenny and I are soooo close, I'm honored to become the role of Vienna's big sister, for sister-ship is essential to our lives and Vienna will already have a variety of great Aunties, but of course her being Jenny's first baby, still needs a sister- and that's me!:) It's truly sad to be missing out on their fresh, new life, but I hope Jack Truman Baker, Brandon Nicholas Cummings, and Vienna Rose Michele Cooney are recieving my sould-starrd spirit I'm sending them in my dreams and always. Cheers to the Volona ny Vaoteraka!



    The end of the month brought another fascinatingly,culturally enriching, work-filled day. I had 2 other volunteers, Aaron and Megan, come visit my site to help do a fantana mitsitsy (fuel-efficient cook stove made by mixing red clay, fresh cow poo, and sand). This demonstration happened to be on the same day as the mass circumsision planned for our commune, at our CSB. Since June 26 was the 50th anniversary of Madagascar's independance from France, the transitional government (the international world still does not recognize Mada as having an official gov't) went around the country to offer the ritual of circumcision, which typically occurs only every 7 years, as well as free doctor visits/ medicines to anyone with health problems. There were 50 boys that arrived to be circumsized, age ranging from 1 year old-16 years old (yes, 16!!!) that came in with their fathers to hold them while they went through what looked like, no doubt an excruciatingly painful, 45 minute long procedure. There were about 10 doctor's that came in from Tamatave, as they were working on 3 males, at the same time, on the same bench, as family/friends watch the process. One of doc's assumed I was a doctor and asked if I wanted to do the next boy!!! ahhhhh, "thanks but no thanks!! I'm a mpanentana (community health volunteer) NOT a doctor! Although of course I sympathethized for the boys, I'm also grateful to get the chance to see any cultural experience. I was kind of aghast to find out that the foreskin is given directly to the grandfather or uncle, to be eated with a banana following the procedure. A person would be cursed if they came into contact with the skin, so the belief is that it must be eaten to prevent that chance from happening.
    Because of this news-worthy event, there were reporters there who were not only taking pictures and interviewing the doctor's doing the circumcisions, but also interviewing and photographing us PCV"s as we demonstrated the cookstove. Because a lot of people were there at the CSB to take advantage the free doctor visit/ medicines, It was miresaka be! (lotsa people..maybe a thousand that showed up) The week following, I had several people from all around the region telling me they heard me on the radio and wantd to know if I can show them how to build one too!!! It was sooo cool!
    The next super cool event on my calender involves leaving tomorrow, with about 25 fellow PCV's to Lac Aloatra, the largest freshwater lake in Mada. We're all biking around the lake, which is 212K and stopping in each village to do AIDS sensibilizations....it's the 3rd edition of Cirque de Sida. They just keep gettin better all the time!! I'm xcited for it and will be verrry grateful, I'm sure, for the bike cushion I brought back with me. Biking, camping, roasting marshmellow's with friends, and spreading the good word of smart choices and safe sex....should be quite a fulfilling 2 week adventure!!!! Hope to share with ya all the good news that happened next time= amy menarak!!!! Cheers mates*

              Maka aina zaho! ( I'm "taking in" some life)        





























    Just wanted to get some pictures up of my fun Gasy music filled night last night and from vacation last month, while I have good (and free, thanks to Peace Corps!;)) internet. Jayne was a health PCV a year before me, here in Mada, and got evacuated with me, but immediatly came back to be with Mika, her Gasy rock-star man...Mika and Davis is their names' -look out for them, they'll be heading to Europe to tour soon, and who knows, maybe America could be in their future!?. They're a great, guitar pickin, great drumming beats, some boogie blues, some slow rhythmic feel good chill tunes Gasy music. It was sooo great to get to see Jayne and catch up with someone who knows Madagascar from the first time around and get a good dose of soom good live world music at the same time!:)

    Yes, my travels up to the northern tip of Madagascar- Antsinanana, then heading off to the mid-south of Mada afterwards, did start off the craziest, tragedy, pain, and sad-ness filled month I've ever experienced, but it all has made me stronger. These pics illustrate some of the beauty that intertwined with the shock of dealing with the car accident (which I'm soooo happy and relieved to relay , all 4 victims are doing well, the mother is actually going back to teach her middle-schoolers next week!:)), followed by witnessing a sick man die on a too- slow moving train, follwed by getting back to site and immediatley witnessing a stillbirth (the lifeless body of a perfectly shaped wee human being was heart-breaking: this was the topper that really made me believe in the power of bad things coming in 3's...but it didn't stop!!) and watching a teenager, from my village of Antetezambaro, slowly pass away from excruciating stomach pains and seizures, which my doctor thought was caused from some sort of poison but they don't really know, coulda been appendicitus I was thinking??? It sure was testing my emotional strength to have to witness these tragedy's , but really made me think about my own future and the fragility of life in general. Working at the CSB has made me realize how into the medical field I really am..it's exciting! But then again, health workers are constantly have to witness these sad, painful sicknesses and deaths, and that's a life that needs some positively strong emotional courage and strength. But I think I have it! And have only gained more through these experiences!
    I put up this wicked chamelion who was obviously getting enragd by our close presence, as is illustrated in his bright, vivacious green body quickly changing to fire-truck red! Then these lemurs were adorably curious(in the national park of Ranomafana). I think about 5 got quite close...some were ring-tailed, others were the brown lemur. The wee boy pictured(in the tiny train town of Andrambovato), with his friends, was sooo excited to show my this wasp-looking bug that he caught. I guess it didn't sting cuz he played with it for a while! And the red, clay-boulder filled rushing river (on the road north, coming home from Antinanana)picture is evidence of whyMadagascar is also known as "the big red island". And this gorrrrrgeous sunset was in the northern tip of Antsinana, where the Indian Ocean collides with the Mozambique Channel. Sooo many deep variations of warm colors, highlighting the "sugar loaf" mountain in the distant center. And finally, the top picture, is one of my best friends, Perline, a 17year old girl who I got to know from seeing her pick up her tuberculosis meds daily, before she hit her death bed. She looked kinda skinny, but was still up and active, fairly healthy before I left for Antsinanana but when I came back from vacation, she was all skin and bones and hardly able to stand on her own. Her body stopped absorbing the meds or nutrients from food. But Thankfully, she's on the up, with lotsa prayers and a strong will to live, on her part. She's such a kind-hearted soul, seen in this pic after giving me my kapa trano (house shoes) that she weaved just for me! She still needs all the strong, healthy vibes she can get!!!!
    So, mazatoa sary, zaho handeha maka aina (enjoy the pics! I'm going to "take" some life in) As I'm also preparing to organize the 2nd Cirque de SIDA at Lake Montasoa , that is Thursday, May 20th. It should be quite a huuuge festival for all 12 surrounding villages, which could be a few thousand people who show..the more the merrier! Another health PCV and I were busy a couple days ago making 22 posters advertising the festival, which may also include HIV/STI testing right there, for those interested! I"m in charge of organizing, with the mayor of the village, students, the organization Population Services International (PSI) that's bringing their cinemobile video equipment (I did it with them last January, when they came to Antetezambaro to talk about prevnting malaria) to show an AIDS film/ music videos, and delegating jobs for th 35 PCV's that are having their 3 month in-service training. A lotta stuff to think about, but I'm sure everything will work out, it always does!!! :) Cheers* amy menarka!






              ups and downs in life as always, just lots more frequently here!        
    So, I got a phone call yesterday evening that made my face’s smile muscles rejoice happily :) Rinasoa, the oldest daughter of the mother in the accident with the traumatic brain injury, let me know that her mom is doing well. She did get transported to the hospital in the capital of Tana to get a brain scan and still is recovering there and waiting for the final results, but it's looking ok. Since I’m currently here in the capital city, getting ready to return home to my hut in Antetezambaro (which I’m sooooooo ready for after these crazy past 3 weeks!!), I’m going to make a visit to the hospital myself this afternoon to check up on the mother and her younger daughter who was also hit. This experience, as well as the awful witness of watching a young, sick man die on the train to Fianar on my vacation last week, has definitely changed me, has definitely made my spirit and will stronger. The man was sleeping when we first got into the train, but obviously struggling to breath as his chest was noticeably rising rapidly and. My friends and I stood a few feet away from the bed he was lying on, in the overly packed, dark, slooow moving train car. I’m not sure what was wrong but he appeared to have symptoms of malaria, which sadly is a common killer in Madagascar. Especially for the people that live far out of the city, away from doctors or even pharmacies and access to medicine have no or very little chance of fast, reliable transportation to health centers. And malaria can kill fast if not treated. The young man passing away, as he was getting comforted and cooled by his wife, brother, and toddler, was so sad but in a way, but also appeared to be a solemly spiritual and peaceful ending of life. So this was just one more sad, unforeseen event of my last 3 week travels, but I’m confident this is all just another test of will and strength, and I know that I’m Blessed by our Creator with that needed muscle that helps me push through to the sunshine waiting on the other side. Because the sunshine really is always there. It may sometimes hide for days at a time, but it looms behind the clouds patiently, waiting excitedly for the clearing of the clouds to bring back the life of my natural balance of light. And of course, the light that I also obtain from the night shining stars, which are always aligning perfectly for me, no matter how unfortunate some experiences and circumstances may be, also keep my tsiky (smile) alive and well. It's amazing how life takes you right where you were always destined to be.

    Although as I’ve mentioned numerous times, the last 3 weeks of travel have been quite traumatic and crazy, they’ve also been full of fascinating, fun, exciting, and fulfilling moments. Ohatra (example) exploring the primal, extremely green rainforest of Ranomafana National Park, one of the most well-known active bird/lemur/reptile/plant habitats on this magical island. We had a mahay guide who first took us on a wee night hike to get a good look at the nocturnal chameleons and mouse lemur. Then followed the next day with a tour through the rainforest, which resulted in seeing 12 lemurs!! Soooo cool, and one of them even danced within 5 feet of me! And a few days before that, taking the train to the tiny village of Andrambovato, which has only 150 residents. We stayed in a lovely wee hut, which overlooked the breathtaking view of the carpeted lush coverings of the mountainous forests…although at the same time, after making the trek up the towering rock overlooking the tiny village and miles of landscape, it was obvious that logging and slash n. burn agriculture is quickly taking its toll on the rainforest lands. But the bananas in Andrambovato were the thickest, yummiest akondro I’ve ever eaten, which is why this is the main cash crop of the village. Also, to speak of a couple more positive stories that I haven’t yet had the chance to tell, includes how successful our (my fellow reinstatement PCV’s and I) first performance of “Cirque de SIDA” (SIDA is french for AIDS) was. It took place on the final day of our week-long AIDS conference up north, at a friends’ site , in the lovely village of Anketrekabe. Our main objective for our visit to her community was to have a big, community gathering and fety, to raise awareness of SIDA. And it was quite big, as I’d say most of Brittany’s village showed up. Me being the only health reinstatement volunteer, took the reigns of leading this festival and sensibilization, but the mid-wife also helped me out. My fellow PCV’s definitely helped me with skits and games such as the condom relay race, but I confidently took the mike and the stage to lead the discussion about the causes, symptoms, preventions, and treatment of STI’s and AIDS. It was sooo much fun and a self-esteem booster to be able to stand up and at least semi-clearly speak Gasy well enough for the village, my supervisor’s of Peace Corps, and fellow PCV’s to be able to understand more about the deadly disease. During our stay in the beautiful, northern port city of Antsiranana, we also got the chance to talk with a panel of people living with AIDS (Madagascar overall is said to only have a 1% HIV infection rate, but already this year 8 have died from AIDS in the north), and commercial sex workers- CSW's (there are a lot up north because of the tourism and all the French men that work/live up there). There are Thankfully a lot of resources for these women to get cheap access to doctors and free STI testing and treatment. We also got to observe a mpanentena (I’m actually considered one myself..it’s a person who sensibilizes about health issues) talking with the prostitutes at the brothel, one on one. It was very interesting to see this occupation at work in real time, not just on t.v., and hear from the women their history and reasons for being a CSW, which is one of the oldest occupations in the world. It definitely changed a lot of stereotypes I realized I had about commercial sex workers. All 5 women we talked with at their place of work, which was located on dark benches in a park in the middle of the city, were very willing to listen, talk about, and grateful to learn how to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS. The conference went so well that some friends and I are working up a plan to continue on with her Cirque de SIDA, the most entertaining albeit informational show in town!!! I’ll really need to figure out how and take the time to upload a couple pictures from the festival…gooood times!!! Once I find out more info on the future showtimes of this kanto (magnificent) show, I'll let y'all know! :) Cheers* Amy menaraka!
              The Weekly Wacky News of Kanto        
    SAMBATRA BE ZAHO!! (I'm verrry blessed!) And I really have been thus far in 2010. So much so, that I'd like to recount the best adventures/ accomplishments of each week of this year:
    Week 1: New Year's Day, as a matter of fact, I found myself and a few PCV friends roaring with the ripping waves of the Indian Ocean as I attempted to body surf. What an adrenaline rush to see a biggen' comin', prepare for take off, and before I could have any furthur thoughts, I was twisted, turned, pounding off the bottom of the sandy Ocean until I arrived on the shore of the beach. WAHOO! What an magnificent adrenaline rush, and a great way to start off 2010!

    Week 2:Cinemobile with Population Services International (PSI). A couple days before departing for Montasoa, to train the newbies, reps from the NGO, PSI, arrived at my hut to tell me they will be using their mobile big screen television and speakers to sensibilize my village of Antetezambaro on the dangers, and how to prevent Tazo Moka (malaria). PSI takes their cinemobiles to small villages to share And me, being the Health PCV in Antetezambaro happily obliged to their request that I open up the night with my own advice for preventing the deadly disease that's too rampant during these hot, rainy summer months in the southern hemisphere. It was amazing! I was on a big screen t.v., in front of my entire village, plus the surrounding areas that heard about the 'entertainment'. I'd say a couple thousand people showed off, maybe just to watch the Gasy music videos that are shown in advance to attract as many people as possible, but they also listened to me as well. The next few days were definitely a confident booster as my fellow villagers yelled " Efa mahay be teny Gasy, Kanto" (You're already really good speaking Gasy) Maybe not so much, but I would take that chance to quiz them on "so how do you prevent malaria?" (use a mosquito net, close your house at dark, where longer clothes, eliminate standing water). It was definitely a night that I felt I really made a difference.

    Week 3:Seeing my beloved Malagasy family and newborn baby Sister. My family's village of Alarobia is fairly close to Lake Montasoa, which is where I went for training the newbies. I was told it Alarobia was 10 kilometers away, which I figured would be a long walk, but totally worth it to see my family, whom I miss dearly and still hadn't seen since my arrival back to Mada. Especially Mama, we really developed such an intimate sisterly, motherly, but truly best friend type of a relationship and the joy created when we both saw and ran towards each other was beauuutiful! And I saw my new baby sister, "Bableu" they call her but her full name is Osoavehivavy Kanto...literally meaning the "good girl after Kanto". I was sooo touched!!! To have not only one family back in America, that I already know has an endless love for me, but another family in Madagascar, that I know will be a part of their lives forever, is bliss! The walk ended up being 20K, which is maybe about 14 miles, up and down the rolling hills of the rice paddies, but the heat and fatigue endured was certainly worth it:)

    Week 4: The trek through the untamed rainforest of Madagascar After training, on my way back to the east coast, I decided to stop off to stay with Melissa,a fellow PCV, who was located near Andasibe, which is a well= known rainforest park on the island. Melissa has a beauuutiful setting of a bungalow hut situated on a river rolling through her back yard, in a valley, with a taunting rock jutting up from the earth above hut. Her counterpart said "mazava tsara ny lalana" (yes...you will see the road to the top very clearly") but it ended up being not quite so clear. After encountering a very large yellow striped snake (luckily there are no deadly snakes here), a flock of bull- headed geese (quite likely the most intimidating domesticated animal produced), and a lady that was known to be "adala" (crazy), we thought about turning around, but then again, what kinda fun comes outta not reaching the top of a mountain? So we trekked on, until fortunatley we came upon a rice farmer who had a machete and was oh- so kind- to lead us up, the slick rock, and untamed jungle to finally reach the top of the taunting rock that towered over her hut. Upon arrival to the top, our guide completed the prayer ritual since it was a site of an ancestral burial grounds. We also could hear the Indry's (the largest lemur's) as they bounced their mating calls off the rainforest trees. It surely was a tough hike, that had the potential to be deadly, but after arriving back at Melissa's hut and wading in the crystal cool waters of the river, I thanked God for the privelag of being back as a PCV in Madagasikara!

    Week 5: Mamono A'omby!! Soon after arriving back home in Antetezambaro, after training, there was a big 'fety" (party) to celebrate the 20th anniversary of a local elementary school. Parties like that here are quite serious productions and is not officially a fety unless an a'omby (cow) is sacrificed). Watching the full, 3 hour long tradition of kabary's, and speaking to a the ancesters to thank them for the cow, was definitely a culturally enriching experience. To kill the cow, they tackle him like a heavy weight high school wrestler tackles his/her opponent. The big difference here was the cow definitely had the advantage in the weight division over the tiny Gasy man, who maybe weighed 150 lbs, grabbed the omby's head and somehow, maybe through divine powers, dragged the cow to the ground so another man could use the machete to finally put it out of its misery. It's quite an event that is greatly celebrated and appreciated in the Gasy culture and I have to say was quite delicious over rice and sauce, that afternoon, after a morning full of traditional singing and dancing.

    Week 6: Bevoka! (pregnancy!) There have been 4 women that I've especially gotten close with , as they come visit the CSB for they bi- montly pregnancy check-ups. And they are all blessed with healthy babies- 2 of them girls, and 2 of them boys:) And I also found out that we Cummings' family will be having another set of twin cousins, as Jenny/Sean and Molly/Jon are both expected this summer! Lord willing, they will be happy, healthy babies, and it was especially suuuuper fantastic news to know that Jenny will presumably be having a baby GIRL>....WAHOO! What a girl I know she'll be! And my good friends, Elizabeth and Jordan will also Lord willing, be having a baby coming soon as well! I will miss seeing all the newborns but they must know they have the coolest Auntie Kanto just a dream away and I will return by the time they can remember me, anyways :)

    Week 7:\Not only surviving teaching middle school sexual education, but loving it!! I've been getting back to my old' stomping grounds of the middle school age group by doing health lessons of sex ed and preventing STI's and AIDS. This age group can be initimidating but I do feel as if I thrive in front of a group of teenagers. I know my experience of teaching 7/8th grade at KMS helped, but lets just say, talking about "the birds and the bees" to teens, is never going to be a breeze, but I not only survived it but feel as if I was able to supply pertinent facts about preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Fortunately, AIDS hasn't quite made it to Madagascar yet, from the mainland of Africa but Syphillus is very prevelant meaning that safe sex is often not being practiced. I did get some very good and challenging questions: "What causes people to be gay?; What causes a woman to give birth prematurely?; How do I know AIDS exists if I've never known a person with it?" It certainly was tough, especially speaking a foreign language, trying to give helpful info to these teens, and I feel I did my best to explain what I know about these topics. Health, the body, and illnesses are fascinating and curious subjects and I do enjoy getting to be a leader in facilitating these discussions that are important for all people, especially teens, of all places, races, ages, and socio- economic status.

    Week 8:FARANY, momono voalavo!!! :).. I finally killed the rat! After my hut being unoccupied for the 2 weeks while I was at training at Lake Montasoa, sure enough, the rats moved in!;( The past few weeks have been filled with sleepless nights , with my waking up hourly to the 'keeeeek, keeeek, keeek' sound of the dang voalavo's, along with their endless gnawing and destroying of whatever is in site. They've eaten my soap, tomatoes, nibbled through a tank-top, my radio antenna, my gooney- bag which had un-cooked rice that they wanted, plastic tupperware brought from hom, to get to last- nights dinner, and my pillowcase I use to wrap up any fruits/ veg. The capturing of this most annoying rodent has definitely been the #1 tripmphant success of this week. I never thought I'd be sooo happy to see something dead!!! Hopefully you can see why I'm sooo jubilant about the ending of a live...after all, I am on the top of the food chain and these little rodents should not be diminishing my quality of life, I've decided!! :) Thanks to my neighbor, Mamaneny, she filled me in on the secret of using dried fish in the rat trap. Dried fish sure does stink but it sure does work!!! Cheers* to more peaceful, voalavo-less nights!!!!!! Amy menarka!
              language, learning, loving, lifestyle        
    Yayyyyyy....I'm back in Tamatave, the port city of Mada and my banking town 14K south of my village of Antetezambaro (Tamatave is another name for Toamasina, which is usually what it's labeled as on maps). I've been at the Peace Corps training site of Lake Montasoa,on the plateau/ center of Madagascar, which is the mountainous, chilly part of the island for the past 2 1/2 weeks, training the newbies that arrived a month ago. They were evacuated from the western African nation of Niger because of political problems/ suspected terrorism activity and I"m just praying that they get to fulfill their full service here on the beautiful Red Island of Madagasikara. The political situation is still sooo fluid, not resolved, but also hopefully heading towards democratic elections. But to be honest, everyday I thank God for getting the chance to come back, but I also pray that I get to finish my complete 2 years of service and not have to once again be stripped away from my lovely bamboo hut in the sand. But being a PCV trainer really was a great experience. Being able to answer all their questions and concerns about getting a personal and work routine started in such a brand new environment made me realize how much I've learned about other people, cultures, language, and most of all myself! I've always claimed to be a person whom "blooms where I'm planted" but being able to share my experiences with new volunteers about how to cope and adjust to changes, frequent ups and downs, frustrations in a 3rd world country, while trying to soak up and enjoy the diverse nature of the Malagasy people, landscape, and culture really opened my eyes to my own personal growth during this past year. Since I am the only health PCV that returned/ reinstated, the new 9 health trainee's were very grateful to get a perspective from someone who'se "done it." And I'm soooo happy to have new friends, in my sector, to collaborate and do health projects with! And even though I feel like I'm "mbola tsy mahay teny Gasy" (still not good at speaking Gasy), it was a self- esteem booster for them to tell me how "mahay" I am and be in awe of how I can successfully get in front of a crowd of 50 women with the babies and have a discussion, in Gasy, of how to have a safe pregnancy and take care of their newborns. Surely, I have a long way to go to feel fluent but I have lived here for a total of 8 months, which is long enough to express my needs/ wants/ and am starting to be able to gossip as well;) It is a beautiful language that feels and sounds like a song when speaking. I have been around quite a few Americans so I"m sure will be a little slower in understanding my friends, co=workers, and kids when I get back to my site today, but I know it's all up in there! It has been a magical experience to learn this Austro-nesian language but I do have soooo much more to go and just hope that I get to stay here until my time is up in May 2011 so I can feel fluent. Please keep Madagascar is your thoughts, this country surely could use all the positive power possible to keep moving forward, nonviolently! Yesss..again, I"m soo excited to be getting back to my site here in a couple hours. And really looking forward to sharing my lifestyle with a couple of girls that are backpacking around Mada, from Germany. I met them on the taxi-brousse ride back to Tamatave yesterday and they are pumped to get to stay a night with me and check out the daily lives of the people here, rather than only looking from the outside, as a tourist. All of you are welcome to come over and join me in living the lifestyle of the villagers of Madagascar...it's beautiful!! Cheers* Amy menaraka!
              Life Post- Evac..it's blustery beautiful out there!!        
    So, here I am, where I've been for the past 5 months on this sabbatical to the U.S., from my post in Madagascar. I'm enjoying a day wandering around my old alma mater, Ohio University, where I come to relive the dreams I conceived in the past and creating new ones to come in the near future. This place gives me that inspiration and sparks something funky inside my soul!!!! It really is magical (like Jacob's Field!! :)) Although I do admit to feeling a wee bit older than the average spring chicken walkin' around these parts, I know I deserve to be enjoying this foliage- filled farm of both country and city living commodities- which Athens County and the surrounding areas offer. The beauty of the bright n. beauuutiful, bountiful changing leaves- which shower me with the Crayola colors of Creation, as I enjoy the crisp leaves under my feet on a nice brisk n. breezy walk with my dog, Tung, in this balance of smoky smells and fab foliage, this Autumn has been a wonderlust!!! And I have to say , that despite this craaaaaazy concoction of feelings that I've had since being evacuated in May, I'm grateful to God for giving me this time to spend with my closest friends and family. Amazing things have happened in these past few months, and it would not have been right for me not to experience them. I knew the whole time, and was encouraged by sooo many other people- that everything would work out!!! And that's all I had to hang on to- during the evacuation from such a perfect site in Mada; to almost transfering to Guinea- western Africa, before that frightful visit to the dentist in S. Africa; to coming home to America after just 8 months, after thinking I'd be in Africa for 2 1/2 years & not having a clue what to do, while bumming around here in the States. I knew I couldn't look for a "real"job because I didn't want to commit to anything, "just in case" I could get reinstated to Radagascar. But then again, how long can I just sit around and wait for something to happen? Well, I remember going to visit my dear friend and mentor , Jann McComb's, this past June down in Kannapolis, and her telling me that all the waiting is part of the Plan. Thanks for the good advice, Jann, I really think it was. I was supposed to be enjoying all this time to focus and friends/ fam, until it works out for me to get reinstated- which Lord willing, I will Nov. 15th!!! :) This really is my dream come true, but I know I can't hold my breath. Peace Corps notified a small group of us in August, that things have been ok in Mada and we could return the end of September. Well....many of you know that supposed negotion talks/ rallies between the divided political parties (TGV v. Ravolamanana) could have gotten nasty....well...not surprising these talks never happened and things have not gotten violent- as they did back in February. But PC couldn't take a chance with sending us there with that rumor, which I def. don't blame, so delayed our reinstatement 45 days. That brings me to around today, Lord willin', just 34 days from a group of 14 of us to return to our daily duties as Peace Corps Volunteers in Madagascar; We are resilient, active, passionate, understanding &empathetic Americans, excited to work and collaborate with our fellow Malagasy villagers, to make their lives sustainably better- and helping them to empower themselves- for their access to clean water, healthcare, education, and opportunity. Soo....let's cross our fingers that reinstatement REALLY happens this time...and I will be able to continue my adventures , which I love to share with y'all through my writings. Cheers**** Go Bobcats/ Browns/ Buckeyes/ Bluestreaks/ Wonders!!!!
              On the road again..just CAN"T WAIT to get on the road AGAIN!.....        
    Wow...sorry y'all that's it's been soooo long that I've updated my writings...but hasn't really been much to say on my part. I've lived my past 6 weeks, since getting evaucated from my Homeland of Madagascar, in Johannesburg and Pretoria (the administrative capital), S. AFrica. I mean...it definitely hasn't been a horrible time, getting put up in a super fancy bed n' breakfast, behind walled gates, in a city that has malls comparable to America, but I have to say....it's surely been the worst part of my Peace Corps service. I came to Africa, in the hopes of living with the bare minimum and amonst the villagers that are focused on how to survive on what they have until the sun rises the next day...and I've been placed in this super rich city against my will. I know many of you reading this could use the relaxing atmosphere that I've been forced into, but it's been stressful for me, not having any sort of job or routine, because (since my evacuation) I was really hoping to get placed in Guinea, which was quickly rejected with my visit to the dentist (which turned into getting a root canal and my wisdom teeth extracted..YUCK!!!) Sure..I have to say that Peace Corps has been gracious enough to take care of my pearly whites but the fact is that I know my glory days in my Malagasy village and my bamboo hut in the sand, may never return to me again (at least never in the same form as before), I'm still not willing to throw in the towel. I'm just not done with Africa, and I need to experience this land and its people before I can go back to the States and say I'm satisfied with my service. So...Tuesday, I'm heading on to Vilanculos, Mozambique, to check out an orphanage that really needs my help. I've gotten to know the family that runs this mercy home, that currently houses 24 children, and they are needing another person willing to give their heart to their home. Coming from my beautiful hut in Madagascar, which was only 1 kilometer away from the Indian Ocean...I feel as if God was answering my prayers on this one. Since I grew up on Lake Erie, I know I need water...and Vilanculos is right on the water of the Mozambique Channel/ Indian Ocean. The owners of the orphanage want me to make a trial run and see if I'm up for it, so I'm heading there for a couple weeks, then will be returning to good ol' Merica mid- May. If all goes well during my visit in Mozambique, I'll be coming back to Africa to work there for a year, in mid July. So....after all this waiting..I just can't wait to get ...."on the road again, just can't WAIT to get on the road again" as Willie Nelson says...who I CAN"T WAIT to see. A suuper fantastic thing I have to look forward to coming back to the States is, May 14, a couple days after I arrive in Columbus, OH, I'll be jamming out to Willie Nelson's music at a festival in beauuutiful foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, in Nelsonville, OH with my man...what could be better than that???! I love y'all...and please keep on spreadin' the love, I still need lots of it! CHEERS*
              Malahelo Madagasakara!!        
    Akoryaby!!! I'm in denial that I'm not in Madagascar still....and don't want to lose my language skills because I'm quite confident that I'm going back, so I still speak in Malagasy quite often. Not sure if it's going to be soon or a wee bit later, but I know for sure that I need to get back to my hut in the sand. I'm now in the capital of S. Africa- Pretoria, just bummin' around. It's been another mind- twisting week. I had a great interview with the country director of Guinea, got accepted to go, and started to get soooo excited about the idea of a brand new adventure to add on to my journey....until I went to the dentist for a checkup. I haven't had any problems with my teeth since I've been about 12, but with the bad teeth genes in the family (my dad told me he pretty much has all dead teeth by now), I was a wee bit nervous. And rightly so...I had to get a root canal yesterday and still have to get me 3 remaining wisdom teeth extracted. All of this mess disqualifies me to direct transfer to Guinea, because in the Peace Corps "rules" states that to direct transfer after an evacuation, you will only be approved for simple tooth fillings. Peace Corps first tried to tell me I just have to go home to get it taken care of but I was really mad about that, since they started jacking up my teeth, I insisted they finish it here so I don't have to worry about it. Sooo...my life is sooooo up in the air right now. Although this has made me very upset and feeling alone (because my good friends from my stage are all moving on to Mali and Namibia), I need to look at this in a positive light and be thankful for the free will that's ahead. It's all happening for a reason, which I'm pretty sure is the fact that I will be getting back to Radagasakara SOONER rather than later. All this might mean I may have to come back to America until Peace Corps re- opens the program in Madagascar (July at the earliest), although I'm tempted to get back to my hut immediately after my teeth are better, on my own because I know my village is safe -they were sooo confused why I had to leave in the first place because they had noooo idea of all the political craziness going on in the bigger cities since no access to media. My co- workers, fellow villagers, and friends would be soooo happy to take care of me. I've been dreaming about it and need to follow my dreams, like I always have...
              it'll all work out!!        
    Hey y'all!!! This is all happening soooo fast. I've lost about 1/2 of the 19 members of my stage, but there are still 7 of us going on for direct transfer. Some PCV's are making safari trips, some going to the beautiful city of Cape Town, some going back home to the States. I did make it past the "first cut" but still have lotsa interviewing and more paperwork to do this week. We;re all going our seperate ways and whatever my future Peace Corps experience is, won't be the same without all of our stage together. What is cool, is how many friends I will know around America and the world. I'm grateful to have gotten to meet sooo many great people, but it just won't be quite as bright without them, especially my super fantastic friend, Lindsay. We were together since day 1- she was the first girl I saw in the Philly airport back in September, both of us lugging our over sized baggage across the airport and pointing out right away that we were Peace Corps/ Madagascar volunteers. It worked out for us to be in the same language group during all of training, and then placed in the same region. It's been important to have someone to really get to know and trust , as we went through the krazy adventure on the Red Island, together. But now I'm shifting gears and getting very excited of the prospect of seeing a brand new culture and forming a new family. Western Africa is actually where my heart desired to be placed originally- Ghana to be exact, but both Togo and Guinea are not too far away. I know all don't believe this philosophy, but I sure have faith that everythin' happens for a reason!! We'll see....
              where is this adventure going????        
    Hey y'all, Well I first want to let all of you know that I'm very safe and healthy. Happy, maybe not soo much, but today I woke up with the energy that I will need to continue in whatever direction God is taking me. Today, March 20th, 2009, is my 'COS' (Close of Service) date from Madagascar ;( .This has been a looog week of administrative and medical paperwork for all of us 115 Madagascar PCV's and the P.C. staff that are staying at what seems like a ridiculously nice hotel in Johannesburg, S. Africa. My first night here on Monday, I realized I am not ready to be in the developed world yet. On Dec. 10th, 2008, I made a commitment to serve in the developing world, for my country for 2 years and I am ready to honor that promise, despite my heartache of possibly not serving it in my beloved village of Antetezambaro. All week, I;ve woken up confused because of the waaay too fluffy beds, and thought about what I would be doing in my village- going for my morning jog with my running club, fetching water, taking my bucket bath under the morning sun, going fishin with my lil boys, gossiping with my good friend Nirina or the women at the medical clinic. Every day, I still have random spurts that the tears spill out. That place was sooooo perfect for me, I feel it in my bones!!! And although I wish I never had to leave, I know we had to, and I know that I will go back in the future and many of my good friends will still be there. Today I finally felt ready to write about all this, as I'm finally progressing to a more positive mental state, and I'm imagining my options of what could be next in this adventure. Currently, I'm in the running to transfer to either Guinea or Togo, both western African countries. I'd be excited about either, but the big problem is that both require french and I did not do so well on my test. Not surprising because I havent taken french since I was 16 and of course, I've been speaking Malagasy the past 6 months so that was all that was coming out!! There are about 10 other health PCV's trying to transfer as well so it is competetive but I'm still trying to be confident. And if it doesn't work out, then it wasn't meant to be for me. We'll see! I'll try to keep you updated on my next steps of this spiraling staircase. Cheers*
              Mis ratsy vao_vao; maharatra fo (bad news; broken heart)        
    Today is friday the 13th, shouldve known it,d be a bad one. The word for Friday is Zoma, the first word that comes to mind is DOOMa because my life feels that way right now. As soon as I awoke in Hotel Marotia, which are the beautiful bungalows on the beach that Lindsay and I stay at while banking every month, I rapidly remembered why I was there_ not for my monthly breakaway but because Peace Corps/ Mad is being torn away from country for a while because of the ongoing political instability. I found out yesterday (Thursday) after a wonderful morning of teaching, discussing, weighing, and playing with babies, when a villager told me that I needed to call Peace corps NOW. My heart dropped even before I got the message confirming that I needed to get to Tamatave to meet up with all volunteers in my area, before we go back to Montasoa, fill out paperwork then head to S; Africa to figure out what we want to do with our lives. It looks like I have the choice to transfer to another country, which would mean starting over with a new host family, training group, culture, and language. The option that I think Im leaning towards is waiting out for madagascar to reopen so I can get back to my life that I have already fallen in love with. This is all happening soooo fast, a whirlwind of emotions and paperwork and I think I still may be in shock. My heart and head was prepared to be here for 2 years, which means I am not fulfilled with the 6 months of service Ive put in thus far. even though Id LOVE to see many of you, I just cant come back to America just yet, especially with how bad the economy is doing, just doesnt sound good. So Im keeping my mind open and seeing where life takes me. I need more positive thoughts than ever to keep my head up through all this. misaotra*
              Happy 48th anniversary, Peace Corps!!        
    Happy Peace Corps Week y,all!!!! Make Prez JFK proud and get out and do something for your country and our world!!;) I woke up motivated on Monday to start thinking about my gymnastics class I want to start_ the kids here are natural gymnasts. They,re constantly in the sand pits trying back flips by themself or mastering their balancing skills every time they cross the rivers and rice paddy creeks on the stick "bridge". Even with my gymnastics skills, ive already taken a spill in the creek while taking the 1K trek on the trail from my hut to the Ocean. That was an adventure!! Since its the wet season, until June, the trail is basically a swamp of water and muck up to my calves, but reaching the glorious ocean side is worth the challenging trek. My friend Nirina, was flying through it, looking back every minute, and laughing at how cautious I had to be, since the bottoms of my feet are milemelemy (weak) and knowing if I tried to speed through it, Id make another spill in the swamp. But I got 2 years to master the trek!!;) Anyways, about my sports club i want to start. I think itd be great for my kids to have an organized class that they can help each other and learn healthy stretching technques and have a coach that can spot them to try more challenging skills. So next week Im going to observe and do a wee bit of health lessons at the EPP, which is equivelent to our elementery schools and advertise a tumbling club as well. Ill let ya know how the turn out is once i get it on the ground. Im excited to get back into a school to do some teaching as well. I do have to say even though I love the flexibility of my workday, i also miss the comfort of having your own students and classroom. yesterday I made a new friend, a young lady, 23 who teaches pre-K kids and Im going to start doing some basic english lessons with them. Im looking forward to it because the school is in a village thats 1/2 way from my site, antetezambaro, to Tamatave (Toamasina on a map) which is my banking town, where i am now. So stopping off on my bike ride to tamatave, and giving my butt a break;), every friday to teach and have lunch with my new friend Noro, sounds like something Im going to love. But like I said, has been great to have the freedom to formulate my own work schedule, based on my observations of what my community and region needs. Im here for them, I constantly remind myself, and am always keeping my eyes and mind open to new projects and assignments that will benefit my neighbors. So far, my work weeks compose of taking a morning run at 6 AM with a group of pre-teens, preparing my morning porridge and washing dishes, then preparing for my health kabary that I give at the CSB at 9AM, which is the medical house where i work and live behind. My walk to work is a whole 30 seconds long, so Peace Corps new what they were doing when they posted me here, knowing that I like to procrastinate, sleep in, and enjoy a short commute to work;) After my kabary, Ill sit around and chat and weigh some babies. Around 12 I go home to prepare my rice and loca (fish and side dish), take my hour miala sasitra (happy nappy). Often times there are not a lot of patients in the afternoon after lunch, which Im realizing will be a great time to teach in the schools. Im finally feeling confident enough in my language skills to get out there and Im noticeably more fluent in thinking in Gasy, Im even dreaming in Malagasy often, which has been a huge sense of accomplishment for me. Not too long ago, I felt as if Id NEVER be able to understand it!!! Just a matter of time.... Mila miresaka, de mahay be zaho!! (Need to chat with people, then Ill be able to speak well). I got to sit with a mother and her new born for about an hour this week, just a few hours after she gave birth. She was happy for me to want to hold the lil guy and give her a lil break to lay down. She named him Elvis and laughed when I told how thats an American singing superstar, she had no idea, just saw the name on a frip shirt and loved it, which is all the good_ will clothing that gets sent over from the States. I cant believe its March already!!! 2009 is already flying by!!!! Again, thanks to all for keeping in touch, your messages on here, email, letters and packages!! Its great to still be connected, although on the complete opposite side of the world. ( If you look on a globe; Madigasikara pretty much is the polar opposite side) Keep em comin!! You can use my newer address now that Im back home:

    Kanto Jessica Cummings, PCV c/o Daline Derival, PCV
    c/o Hopitaly Kely
    B.P. 374- Tamatave 501
    MADAGASCAR

    Misaotra betsaka!!! (thanks a lot) Cheers*
              Are you Circus*        


    *Ra da da da da da da da circus
    Da da da da da da da da afro
    Circus afro, circus afro,
    Polka dot polka dot polka dot afro…..

    The song that was stuck in my head ever since an exclusive invite form Jamm’s arrived for Rambo International Circus that is in town. The invite got me and my 5yr old a front row experience to the magical world that is Circus. This post is about the circus it takes to keep a circus running..




    At Rambo, though I didn’t see any aquatic cobras or Trapeze Americano or Jet packin’ Dogs nor did I see Balloons descending to the children of the world*. 

    But I did witness delicious men flinging themselves in the air without a care in the world. Women juggling cubes 5 times their size. An elephant that looked good enough to earn a spot in the Indian Cricket team. I saw women dancing gracefully while being suspended 50 feet above ground. Men painlessly laying down on a bed of arrows. An enchanting couple who changed costumes in a blink of an eye. The adorable clowns who mastered the human pyramid and a high IQ dog who showcased some amazing math skills.




    The Circus had me cheering, it had my Jaw hitting the floor, it had me at the edge of my seat. My son clutched my arm tight when an artist riding a unicycle on a tight rope fell.. much to his relief the artist dusted himself off and got right back on and finished his performance.. He was elated when he was called upon by a clown to be a part of a small gig. The mother-son duo had a good time at the circus.. It left us both wide eyed. But at the same time there is so much room for improvement.

    I had mixed emotions about my visit to Rambo. Most of the performances were engaging and it’s a good change from the world of podcasts and HD gaming. But circus has lost its power to lure over the years.. Only 20% of the seats were occupied on a Friday afternoon. I was hoping to see a little more crowd since the Diwali holidays were on.

    It’s no denying that the art of Circus is slowly dying.. To get a better understanding of what goes on behind the curtains I got in touch with the owner of Rambo Mr. Sujeet Dilip. He validated my belief that it’s not long before the great Indian Circus is History.

    During our conversation he revealed that Rambo started off with their first show on 26thJan 1991 with great admiration form the audience. Rambo has been like a family to him and over the years he has strived hard to keep the show running. From being one of its kind circus in India to have been affiliated to the World Circus Federation, Monte Carlo, to getting international talents from all over the world. He is mighty proud to have successfully trained local prodigies who have made successful careers in circus aboard. He and his family have literally given everything they have to keeping the show running.

    It takes a lot to keep a circus going he said… A staff of 120 that need to be fed and accommodated. If international acts are bought in, as per the Government regulation each international performer needs to be paid 1.35 lac each where as each local performer is only paid around 20k. Each day 60K worth of diesel is guzzled up just to keep the Air conditioning and lights running. 




    Once the circus packs up and moves locations, they need as many as 40 trucks to transport the equipment and a man power of 300 men to help undertake this move. A rent of somewhere around 10-12lc. per month is to be paid for the land where the circus stands.With more and more empty seats with each show the numbers just don’t add up.

    The main problem I see is that the Circus has not really matured with the changing needs of the audience. They need to reach out to audience through social media more vigorously. Train the existing performers in the art of flamboyance. The clowns need to learn that you don’t need to be loud to be funny. The comparing needs to be clear, I could barley understand a word..This circus needs some serious buffing around the edges to become more edgy.


    In spite of a few frayed ends the Rambo circus still makes a safe bet for you to spend a few hours reliving the magic that is Circus. Rambo has set up tent at the Bandra Reclamation grounds till the 16th Dec 2015. I highly recommend you go there to check out the International performances. For tickets and more log on to bookmyshow.com

     What to expect at Rambo 2015..
     


    *The above reference in the post are from the movie: Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted. If you are someone who has no fancy rats clue as to what am I referring to I suggest get a DVD Today! 
    As Gia puts it, “Circus stick together.”

              UAS Deployed to Improve Health Care Delivery in Madagascar        

    For those who live in rural communities with poor or non-existent roads, it’s difficult to get the health care and...

    The post UAS Deployed to Improve Health Care Delivery in Madagascar appeared first on Inside Unmanned Systems.


              African Players with 10+ Goals in European Leagues - 2013/2014        
    African players that scored 10 or more goals in top division European leagues in the 2013/2014 season.

    Algeria
    16 - El Arbi Hillel Soudani (Dinamo Zagreb: Croatia)

    Angola
    13 - Igor Vetokele (København: Denmark)

    Cameroon
    16 - Vincent Aboubakar (Lorient: France)
    13 - Leandre Tawamba Kana (MFK Ružomberok: Slovakia)
    11 - Mbilla Etame (Khazar Lankaran FK: Azerbaijan)
    11 - Leonard Kweuke (Rizespor: Turkey)
    10 - Maxim Choupo-Moting (Mainz: Germany)

    Cape Verde Islands
    11 - Garry Rodrigues (Levski Sofia: Bulgaria)
    10 - Héldon (Sporting CP: Portugal)

    Central African Republic
    13 - Mouhamadou Habibou (KAA Gent: Belgium)

    Comoros
    15 - El Fardou Ben Nabouhane (Veria: Greece)

    Congo
    14 - Francis Litsingi (FK Teplice: Czech Republic)
    10 - Prince Oniangué (Reims: France)

    Côte d'Ivoire
    20 - Yaya Touré (Manchester City: England)
    18 - Seydou Doumbia (CSKA Moscow: Russia)
    17 - Wilfried Bony (Swansea City: England)
    16 - Salomon Kalou (Lille: France)
    15 - Serge Deblé (FC Shirak: Armenia)
    12 - Yannick Boli (Zorya Luhansk: Ukraine)
    10 - Didier Drogba (Galatasaray: Turkey)

    DR Congo
    13 - Dieumerci Mbokani (Dynamo Kyiv: Ukraine)

    Gabon
    13 - Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Borussia Dortmund: Germany)

    Gambia
    11 - Demba Savage (HJK: Finland)

    Ghana
    10 - David Accam (Helsingborg: Sweden)

    Madagascar
    10 - Anicet Andrianantenaina (FK Botev Plovdiv: Bulgaria)

    Mali
    12 - Cheick Diabaté (Bordeaux: France)
    11 - Mustapha Yatabaré (Guingamp: France)

    Morocco
    17 - Aatif Chahechouhe (Sivasspor: Turkey)
    15 - Abderrazak Hamdallah (Aalesund: Norway)
    13 - Omar Er Rafik (Differdange: Luxembourg)
    12 - Youssef El-Arabi (Granada: Morocco)

    Nigeria
    15 - Stanley Ohawuchi (Sliema: Malta)
    14 - Ikechukwu Uche (Villarreal: Spain)
    14 - Kennedy Igboananike (AIK: Sweden)
    13 - Marco Tagbajumi (Ermis FC: Cyprus)
    12 - Emmanuel Emenike (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
    11 - Alfred Effiong (Qormi: Malta)
    11 - Obinna Obiefule (Hibernians: Malta)
    11 - Abiola Dauda (Crvena Zvezda: Serbia)
    10 - Imoh Ezekiel (Standard Liege: Belgium)
    10 - Sylvester Igboun (Midtjylland: Denmark)
    10 - Adeshina Lawal (B36 Tórshavn: Faroe Islands)
    10 - Shola Shodiya (Birkirkara: Malta)
    10 - Leke James (Aalesund: Norway)

    Senegal
    15 - Moussa Sow (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
    13 - Sadio Mané (FC Red Bull Salzburg: Austria)
    13 - Dame N'Doye (Lokomotiv Moscow: Russia)
    12 - Baye Omar Niasse (Akhisar Belediyespor: Turkey)
    10 - Ibrahim Sidibé (Debrecen: Hungary)
    10 - Malek Mane (Sogndal: Norway)
    10 - Lamine Diarra (Antalyaspor: Turkey)

    Togo
    11 - Emmanuel Adebayor (Tottenham Hotspur: England)

    Tunisia
    17 - Hamdi Harbaoui (KSC Lokeren: Belgium)


    Stats from European 'Summer' leagues in Scandinavia and elsewhere are from the completed 2013 season.

              13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013        

    (Khoahoc.com.vn) - Hàng năm, các nhà khoa học đã bổ sung vào cuốn catalogue sự sống trên Trái Đất: khám phá và mô tả các loài chưa từng được biết là tồn tại trên trái đất.
    Một số loài, như thể là được tưởng tượng ra, đã được phát hiện trong những vùng sâu của các khu rừng nhiệt đới còn ít được biết đến, nhưng một số loài khác được tìm thấy ngay trong thành phố, trú ẩn ngay nơi chúng ta nhìn thấy dễ dàng. Một số loài có họ hàng gần đã bị bỏ lỡ, trong khi đó một số khác là quá nhỏ bé hoặc ở một vị trí quá hẻo lánh đến nỗi chúng đơn giản là thoát khỏi sự chú ý của các nhà khoa học.
    Từ các loài phong lan cho tới những loài ếch với màu da socola, cho tới những loài kiến trông giống như đang đeo tấm che mắt, tạp chí Livescience đã tổng kết 13 loài sinh vật mới quyến rũ nhất đã công bố trong năm 2013.

    Một loài phong lan hiếm

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Các loài phong lan có thể được tìm thấy ở khắp nÆ¡i từ các cá»­a hàng hoa cÅ©ng nhÆ° các cá»­a hàng tạp hóa, tuy nhiên một loài phong lan mới được phát hiện trên đỉnh một núi lá»­a tại Azores, một quần đảo thuộc vùng bờ biển của Bồ Đào Nha. Loài này, loài phong lan Hochstetter butterfly (tên khoa học là Platanthera azorica) thá»±c ra đã được sÆ°u tầm từ 170 năm trước, nhÆ°ng chÆ°a từng được nghiên cứu hoặc nhận dạng tiếp với tÆ° cách là một loài mới cho tới khi các nhà khoa học tái phát hiện loài này. Loài hoa này có lẽ là loài phong lan hiếm nhất của Châu Âu, theo nhÆ° Richar Bateman, một nhà thá»±c vật học tại trung tâm nghiên cứu thá»±c vật Kew Royal Botanic Gardens tại London, và cần có một chÆ°Æ¡ng trình bảo tồn cấp bách, khi loài này bị đe doạ tuyệt chủng bởi các loài xâm lấn và phá hủy môi trường sống.

    Loài “tôm” ma


    Loài sinh vật này trông giống nhÆ° bước ra từ bộ phim của Tim Burton vậy, nhÆ°ng những con tôm skeleton (thá»±c ra không phải là tôm, nhÆ°ng những chú giáp xác tí hon này thuộc họ caprellid amphipods), là có thật. Chúng chú ngụ tại một hang động nhỏ dưới biển vùng đảo Catalina của Nam California, mặc dù chúng được phát hiện trong một bảo tàng có lÆ°u giữ mẫu vật loài này. Trong một chuyến thăm quan vào năm 2010, chuyên gia về họ caprellid José Manuel Guerra – García thuộc trường đại học Seville tại Tây Ban Nha đã nhận ra loài này chÆ°a từng được mô tả và bố trí mô tả chúng. Được đặt tên khoa học là Liropus minusculus, những sinh vật này là những con tôm xÆ°Æ¡ng (tôm skeleton) Ä‘ã được phát hiện trong vùng biển Bắc Thái Bình DÆ°Æ¡ng.

    Bọ cạp nhỏ bé

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Loài bọ cạp này có thể trông thật đáng sợ, nhưng nó bé tí hon – chỉ dài khoảng vài centimet – nghĩa là gây ra ít đe dọa với con người hơn. Cú chích của nó chỉ gây tác động như muỗi cắn, các nhà khoa học những người đã mô tả loài bọ cạp này tại Thổ Nhĩ Kì cho biết.
    Một dạng bò cạp gỗ, loài mới này được đặt tên là Euscorpius lycius và bổ sung vào số lượng hÆ¡n 1.7000 loài bọ cạp trên Trái Đất đã được khoa học mô tả.

    Giun nhung phun keo

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Thật vui vì bạn không phải là một con bọ trong rừng rậm của Việt Nam. Nếu như bạn là một con bọ, bạn có thể phải chạy trốn khỏi sinh vật ăn thịt tồi tệ này. Một ví dụ của sinh vật được gọi là giun nhung, sinh vật dài 2,5 inch này (khoảng 6cm), loài sinh vật bò này tấn công các nạn nhân của nó bằng cách bắn ra một chất giống như keo từ các phần phụ của nó. Chất keo này làm bất động loài vật bị nhắm đến, sau khi con giun tiêm nước bọt và và nuốt chửng. Giun nhung, một nhóm khó để phát hiện thấy vì chúng thường cư trú trong đất và những nơi khó tìm kiếm khác, có thể đa dạng hơn so với chúng ta từng nghĩ, các nhà nghiên cứu phát hiện ra loài sinh vật mới này cho biết.

    Sinh vật đã bị đe dọa diệt chủng

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Một phát hiện thá»±c sá»± thú vị, một loài linh trưởng rất đáng yêu có tên dwarf lemur này, giống nhÆ° tất cả những loài vượn cáo khác, là một loài sinh vật bản địa của một hòn đảo có tính đa dạng sinh học đáng kinh ngạc thuộc Madagascar, thuộc vùng bờ biển phía Đông của Châu Phi. Loài linh trưởng bé nhỏ này thoát khỏi sá»± chú ý vì lối sống của nó: Ăn đêm, dành phần lớn thời gian trú ẩn trên vòm lá, và có thể có cả các giai đoạn loài động vật này ngủ đông và ẩn mình trong một cái hang. Loài động vật này (Cheirogaleuss lavasoensis)được phát hiện khi các nhà nghiên cứu đang thu thập mẫu mô từ một loài vượn cáo khác và đã khám phá thấy họ phát hiện ra một loài động vật chÆ°a từng được mô tả. Loài vượn này đã bị đối mặt với mối đe dọa diệt chủng, chỉ còn chÆ°a đến 50 cá thể còn lại trong hoang dã.

    Ngôi nhà cổ xưa

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Đây không phải là loại áº¿ch socola mà bạn phải tìm trong kẹo cất giấu của Harry Potter. Ếch cocoa, đặt tên theo màu da có màu socola sữa của nó, là một trong số 60 loài – tất cả đều có khả năng là mới đối với khoa học – được phát hiện thấy tại vùng rừng nhiệt đới phía đông nam Suriname. Một nhà nghiên cứu đã gọi khu vá»±c này là hệ sinh thái cổ xÆ°a nhất mà họ từng được quan sát, và loài ếch này là một trong số 6 loài ếch mới được phát hiện thấy tại khu vá»±c này.

    Những cái vây được dùng để đi bộ

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Những con cá mập “đi bộ” có tên gọi nhÆ° vậy do cách các vây ngá»±c và vây xÆ°Æ¡ng chậu dường nhÆ° để bám lấy đáy biển khi chúng bÆ¡i. Một loài sinh vật mới từ Indonesia, Hemiscyllium Halmahera, đã được mô tả năm 2013 là không loại trừ. Loài cá mập này, được phát hiện thấy trong một rạn san hô vùng đảo Halmahera của Indonesia, dài 27 inch (70cm) và là vô hại đối với con người, theo các nhà nghiên cứu cho hay.

    “Thế giới biến mất”

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Trong tháng 3, một cuộc thám hiểm được hỗ trợ bởi National Geographic tới một khu vá»±c phía Đông Bắc Australia, nÆ¡i một số thám hiểm mạo hiểm đã phát hiện ra một vài loài sinh vật là mới đối với khoa học, trong đó gồm loài tắc kè đuôi lá ngụy trang (camouflaged leaf-tail gecko). Loài tắc kè này (tên khoa học là Saltuarius eximius) trưởng thành dài 8 inch (20cm) và có các khả năng ngụy trang đáng kinh ngạc, nó dùng để hòa mình ẩn nấp trong đá nằm rình những con mồi đi ngang qua. Loài này được phát hiện trong rừng mÆ°a vùng Cape Melville Range trên Cape York Peninsula, được mô tả bởi các nhà thám hiểm nhÆ° thể là một thứ gì đó của một “thế giới biến mất”.

    Ẩn mình ngay trước mắt

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Bất chấp sá»± thật là loài này đã có trong các bộ sÆ°u tập bảo tàng và cÆ° trú tại các vườn thú của Mỹ tại nhiều thời điểm trong thế ká»· trước, loài thú oliguito đã không được nhận dạng với tÆ° cách là một loài đã tuyệt chủng cho đến năm 2013. Loài oliguito (tên khoa học là Bassaricyon neblia) tÆ°Æ¡ng tá»± nhÆ° họ olingos được đặt tên là “khỉ mèo” vì chúng rất giống mèo có một cái đuôi rất dài. Một nỗ ná»±c nhằm phân loại thú olingos bằng cách quan sát hộp sọ của loài này cho thấy một số hộp sọ nhỏ hÆ¡n rất nhiều và có hình dạng khác biệt và những ghi chép từ đầu thế ká»· 20 cho thấy loài động vật này xuất hiện ở độ cao lớn hÆ¡n nhiều so với khu vá»±c thường được biết đến là nÆ¡i cÆ° trú của olingos. Các nhà nghiên cứu tìm kiếm các mẫu sống của loài này và tìm ra chúng tại các cánh rừng mây mờ che phủ thuộc sườn núi phía Tây của dãy núi Andes.

    Chim trong thành phố

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Một loài được phát hiện ngay trước mắt các nhà nghiên cứu, đó là loài chim may vá Campuchia (Orthotomus Chaktomuk), phát hiện sinh sống dày đặc trong và xung quanh các cây bụi tại thủ đô Phnom Penh, thủ đô 1,5 triệu dân của Campuchia. Loài chim này có kích thước của một con chim hồng tước và có một chiếc mÅ© mào màu đỏ, đôi cánh màu oliu xám, cổ họng mầu đen và giọng to đáng chú ý.

    San hô bạch tuộc Octocoral

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Trong một khu vá»±c bãi thủy triều tại San Diego và ở độ sâu 40 feet (12 m) dưới má»±c nước biển ở ngoài khÆ¡i biển British Columbia, các nhà khoa học phát hiện hai loài san hô bạch tuộc mới, đặt tên nhÆ° vậy vì chúng có 8 xúc tu quanh miệng. Cả hai đều là loại san hô mềm, san hô mềm chiếm khoảng 2/3 số loài san hô trên toàn thế giới. Loài san hô tại San Diego được đặt tên là Cryptophyton jedsmithi â€“ tên của nó có nghÄ©a là â€œsinh vật lẩn trốn”, thích hợp với một loài động vật trông giống nhÆ° một tấm màng mỏng màu nâu. Loài san hô khác (Gersemia lamb) có các polip màu hồng nhạt với phần trung tâm màu cam làm nó giống nhÆ° một bông hoa, theo một trong số các nhà khoa học đã mô tả nó nhận xét.

    Loài kiến hải tặc

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Các nhà khoa học đã lật tung các hòn đá trong một cánh rừng tại Philipine khi họ phát hiện thấy một con kiến với một đặc điểm khác thường: một sọc đen trên mắt của nó trông giống nhÆ° một miếng che mắt. Họ gọi loài kiến này là kiến hải tặc. Các nhà khoa học chÆ°a rõ mục đích của màu đen trên mắt của loài này, nhÆ°ng người ta suy đoán có thể là để đánh lạc hướng kẻ thù.

    Loài cú mới trên đảo của Indonesia

    13 loài sinh vật mới ấn tượng nhất năm 2013
    Hai thành viên của một đoàn thám hiểm trên đảo Lombok của Indonesia đã nghe thấy một tiếng kêu của một con cú, và họ đã nhận ra rằng đây là tiếng kêu của một loài cú mới. Từ lâu loài cú này đã bị bỏ qua và được cho là cùng loài với những con cú khác. Sau khi được phát hiện ở chân của núi Rinjani, các nhà khoa học đã đặt cho nó tên khoa học làOtus jolandae.
    Phạm Thị Bích Thu (Livescience)

              propiedades medicinales del kalanchoe contra el cáncer        

    ¿Conoces la planta kalanchoe? Descubre las potentes propiedades medicinales del kalanchoe contra el cáncer. ¡Lee y comparte esta información! Hoy te vamos a hablar de las propiedades medicinales del kalanchoe contra el cáncer. El kalanchoe, de origen africano, más precisamente proveniente de la isla de Madagascar es una planta increíble y muy beneficiosa para la […]

    La entrada propiedades medicinales del kalanchoe contra el cáncer aparece primero en Salud Eficaz.


              La France d'après         

    «Moi à quinze ans, j’étais marin, j’ai navigué jusqu’ à Madagascar. J’ai fait mécano, maçon, électricien, mes diplômes c’est mes paluches et ma tronche. Ils me convoquent lundi, je sais bien que c’est pas pour me filer une médaille. Je vais me faire sucrer mes allocs par une poufiasse de trente balais qu’a jamais rien vu. Si elle me retire le RMI, je descends à Belzunce, je m’achète cinq kilos de teuchi, elle va voir si je suis pas capable de la monter mon entreprise !»
    Il nous sort le grand jeu aujourd’hui le Marseillais, il s’est chauffé au Get 27, ça met de l’ambiance. Tant mieux parce qu’en général c’est plutôt le bal des enclumes dans ce rade, toujours la même brochette de quadras en survêt, hypnotisés par l’écran géant, les boîtes de Lexomil et de Tercian sagement rangées sur le zinc à coté du jaune ou du petit crème. Tous au RMI.

    La patronne, mafflue thénardière pas commode, saute sur l’occase pour débiter sa petite vacherie, enfoncer le clou: «Moi je pourrais jamais toucher le RMI, il faut que je bosse, que je bouge», annonce-t-elle alors que son cul déborde du tabouret. En tous cas, ça la gêne pas trop d’empocher tout ce pognon mal acquis. Dure en affaires, adepte de la préférence locale, elle me gonfle systématiquement la note. C’est vrai que je suis un étranger, j’habite à dix kilomètres et ne m’arrête pas souvent dans son riant estaminet.

    Une barbie sur le retour, frigorifiée par sa journée dans la vigne, se sent visée: «C’est vrai je profite du RMI, je fais un peu de taille à côté, mais qu’est-ce que je peux faire d’autre ?» Le débat s’annonce passionnant pour une fois, mais il faut que j’y aille, le grand a judo ce soir.
    C’est à trente bornes, dans le grand gymnase d’une morne néo-banlieue de Carcassonne. Pas le droit d’assister au cours, ça distrait les loupiots, il pèle, y a que des petits pav, des immeubles et des ronds-points à perte de vue, le chauffage du supermarché me tend les bras.

    Je vais glander là pendant une heure, sous ces néons qui font ressortir les cernes et les poches sous les yeux, vous donnent ce teint de paupiette avariée en descente d’amphétamines, dans cette odeur de chaussette aseptisée, subtil mélange de harpic et de klakos, j’en profiterai pour acheter deux trois trucs forcément indispensables.

    La majorité des femmes arbore un percing au coin de la bouche, sorte de mouche des temps postmodernes, même la charcutière en a un planté dans sa moustache. Les mecs, je veux parler des zigues à la coule, pas des quelques Lebowski de mon acabit, portent plutôt l’anneau à la paupière. Avec mes croquenots et mon parka de vigne direct from Gamm vert, je suis définitivement out, plouc de plouc. A la ramasse, je suis à ranger avec tous ceux qu’essayent même plus de faire illusion, qu’ont besoin d’un bon stage de redynamisation, les traîne-jogging, les décolorées boutonneuses aux chicots disparates, aux racines bien noires...

    Tiens voila Riri, Fifi et Loulou avec leurs casquettes Lacoste, leurs survêts jaune canari, leur acnée, leur démarche de pingouin qu’a chopé la gastro, mains dans les poches, pousse du coude, ricane. Pauvres enfants roumis d’une cité pourrie mais si mortellement tranquille, qui aimeraient tant ressembler aux caricatures de méchants Sarrasins que leur fourgue Skyrock. Pauvres gamins, c’est marqué sur leurs faces blêmes qu’ils s’appellent Kevin, ils n’ont aucune chance, sont cramés avant même d’ouvrir la bouche, labellisés lumpen par leurs tronches et leurs sapes.
    C’est nous, la France d’après. Putain qu’elle est saumâtre, mon Dieu qu’elle est grise!

    A la sortie des caisses le petit grand homme nous nargue, l’est sur toutes les affiches du kiosque à journaux, tout seul, avec sa dame, avec son fils, sourire carnassier du gars qui va pas bouder son plaisir, l’a bien trop ramé pour ça, qui sait qu’il faut se gaver rapido, que le navire prend l’eau, qu’il a beau augmenter les effectifs de la chiourme, recruter à tour de bras, les soutiers pourraient bientôt remonter sur le pont et lui dire des choses méchantes.


    (Along came Jones par The Coasters)

    • Thierry Pelletier •

     Réagissez à l’article



              News Flash LIGHTS by DREAMWORKS - The Experience        
    Today, I've got an exciting FLASH GIVEAWAY for families in Melbourne .
     My boys love all the DreamWorks Characters.


    Shrek and Kung-Fu Panda will light up Rosebud’s Foreshore in April this year at an Australian-first exhibition with some of DreamWorks Animation’s best known characters in a large-scale, modelled on Chinese lantern festival , experience. 
    Lights by DreamWorks is an interactive, walk through experience for all ages and is set to run for 30 days and attract more than 300,000 local and international visitors who will marvel at 100 of DreamWorks’ favourite characters brought to life.
     




    Featuring huge illuminated figures familiar to the fans of the Shrek, Kung Fu Panda, How to Train Your Dragon and Madagascar movies. Visitors to the exhibition will also meet the stars and be treated to a variety of scenographic pieces, LED furnishings, themed technology and learning zones, children’s rides and an animatronic dragon.

    Find out more here:
    Lights by Dreamworks - The Experience
     opens 25 March – 30 April. 
    Tickets are available now at Ticketmaster or by calling our Booking Office 1300 307 740.
    Family Pass Giveaway valued at $76.50 up for grabs!


    To Enter:

    Head over to Lights by Dreamworks - The Experience here on Facebook and give them a follow too.
    In a  comment below - answer in 25 words or less why this experience would excite your family?

    Good luck!
    Family pass is for 1 x four tickets - 2 adults and 2 kids . Total prize value: $76.50.
    Must be able to attend the above show on MARCH 25th, 4pm
    Not transferable or valid for any other session
    This is a game of skill. 
    Enter here or on Facebook.

    Winner will be emailed or tagged & notified via Facebook Messenger if a Facebook winner. 
    Please ensure you are a follower of My Little Drummer Boys so you don't miss the winning notification if the successful winner! 
    Winner will be given strictly 24 hours to respond or a new winner will be chosen due to time constraints with delivery of prize tickets.
    Giveaway Promotion ends Wednesday 15th March, 3pm.

              Comment on Kitesurf destinations by month – part 1 by Brightmen        
    July Cabarete, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Mauritius, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, Leucate-France, The gorge-USA, Pirlanta-Turkey, Bol-Croatia, Foddini-Italy, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Guincho-Portugal, el yaque-venezuela, rhodes-greece, levkada-greece, dakhla - morocco, Corsica, paros-Greece, porto pollo-Sardinia, Lanzarote, El Gouna-Egypt, Safaga-Egypt, Sinai, eilat-Israel, Paramali-Cyprus, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru August Cabarete, El Gouna-Egypt, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Brazil, Mauritius, cape verde, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, The gorge-USA, Bol-Croatia, Pirlanta-Turkey, Foddini-Italy, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Guincho-Portugal, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Corsica, Rhodes-Greece, Paramali-Cyprus paros-Greece, Lanzarote, Safaga-Egypt, Eilat-Israel, Sinai, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru September El Gouna-Egypt, Tucus-Brazil, Mauritius, Pirlanta-Turkey, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Maui-USA, Madagascar, UK, Corsica, rosslare-Ireland, Canada, Germany, Israel, Sinai, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil October Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Sumbawa-indonesia, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Chile, Watergate-UK, Esbjerg-Denmark, rosslare-Ireland, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil November Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Namibia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Auckland-NZ, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Cumbuco Brazil December Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, cape town-South Africa La ventana-mexico, Namibia, Copal-Costa Rica, Mui Ne Bay-Vietnam, Auckland-NZ, Nashiro-Japan, Baja, New Caledonia, Boracay-philipines, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Monastir-Tunisia, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Yemen-Red Sea
              Fresno Chaffee Zoo ~2013        
    We LOVE going to the Zoo! This year we got to attend with other employee's from Matt's Work ilovetocreate.com for a Company Party ~ 
    We got there early and decided to see the Sea Lion Attraction FIRST...
     It is really neat because you start above the sea lion cove area then as you walk down the path you get to get a sea level view... the kids LOVED this!
     On the path we found a bird that the kids just LOVED as well!
     We were walking by when the Lemur's caught Hailey's eye. The kids knew all about them because they are featured in the children's cartoon Madagascar! :) We loved that we were able to hear from the Zookeeper about these interesting animals! We headed to the Company Picnic area after this and enjoyed some GREAT food and fun times with work friends!
    On our way out of the Picnic area we were able to catch the Bird Show. This was a GREAT show! If you go to the Zoo make sure to check the time for this and enjoy it!
     Landon and I had a little fun with the camera while we were waiting for the show to start...
     The kids liked being up close and personal to the Birds after. Hailey told each of the trainers that her last name was BIRD so she was the "birds bestest sister friend!"
     Of course Mommy can't leave ANY Zoo without seeing her FAV animal! I have LOVED Flamingo's ever since my very first trip to the Zoo back when I was a little girl. The Sacramento Zoo has them right at the front gate and I remember just sitting and watching them in awe... I still love watching them! We were able to hear about them from the Zookeeper again! Hailey asked alot of good questions about them. 
     THEN the kids and Daddy headed to Stingray Bay. This is an interactive area of the Zoo that is usually only around during the warmer months. We have not been able to attend it earlier; it was either not open or the line was too long so this was very exciting. (it also may have been because there is a cost... we all know how mommy is cheap... ha ha) I stayed out with the baby and listened to the kids giggle and just have a great time!
     Near the end of the exhibit there is a smaller area for the "baby stingrays" Hailey is holding what they call "a Mermaid's purse" because it holds the small egg for the stingray. The kids were very excited to tell me about this part! 
     Hailey liked to point out all the Boards she could stand by to get good pictures! Amazing because she is not usually very photogenic!
    Sweet Baby Kylie was SO good all day long! She ate well, slept well, and watched everything she could!
    The kids also enjoyed the petting zoo area. They were able to brush the baby goats hair.
     Above Hailey is looking at the monkeys to the left, and on the right both kids are enjoying the elephants!
     The kids last spot they HAD to see was the reptile house. The Turtle Shell is a favorite photo spot too!
     As we were heading out the baby ostrich came near the kids and they thought that was SO cool!
    We sure are lucky to have a fun Zoo so close that we can enjoy!


              South Korea to lease half of Madagascar's arable land for corn, oil palm production        
    South Korea's Daewoo has signed a 99-year lease for half of Madagascar's arable land, reports the Financial Times. The agreement covers 1.3 million hectares (3.2 million acres) — an area half the size of Belgium. Daewoo says it plans to plant corn on 1 million hectares in the arid western part of the island and 300,000 ha (740,000 acres) of oil palm on land in the tropical east, a region that is home to the bulk of Madagascar's rare rainforests. The company will produce the food for export and plans to import workers from South Africa, although a Daewoo spokesman said that the project could create up to 70,000 local jobs.
              Madagascar para o Diogo!        
    Pirulitos Personalizados, painel e rótulos.





    Copinho sanfonado personalizado!


    Enviamos para todo Brasil!


              'Twilight' sucks up $70.6M in box office debut        
    LOS ANGELES – Audiences found the vampire romance "Twilight" infectious in its opening weekend, pushing the movie to a take of $70.6 million.

    Catherine Hardwicke's film also enjoyed the biggest opening ever for a female director, blowing away the previous standard of $41.1 million set by Mimi Leder's "Deep Impact" in 1998.

    Drawing from its huge fan base of teenage girls, who fell for Stephenie Meyer's novel of forbidden love between brooding vampire Edward Cullen and bookish high schooler Bella Swan, "Twilight" made a whopping $20,636 per theater, according to Sunday morning estimates.

    And the fangirls will get another taste soon enough: Summit Entertainment, which released "Twilight," announced during the weekend that it's going ahead with production of "New Moon," based on the second book in Meyer's internationally best-selling series. Robert Pattinson and Kristen Stewart will return as its star-crossed lovers, but whether Hardwicke will be at the helm again is still being determined.

    The laid-back Hardwicke, who went bodyboarding at sunset Saturday to take her mind off this high-pressure weekend, said Sunday morning that she was heading to a meeting later in the day to discuss her possible involvement in "New Moon."

    "I want to be sure that it's going to be done right. I don't want to rush into it," she said. "It's not like `Friday the 13th' or `Halloween,' you can't just do it super fast and knock another one out. I want to understand their plans and all that."

    Hardwicke, whose previous films include "Thirteen" and "Lords of Dogtown," also said she was thrilled about the prospect that the success of "Twilight" will inspire other women and young girls to pursue a career in filmmaking.

    "I hope not just women but all minorities get enthused and encouraged by it. I look at the (Directors Guild of America) calendar, at the pictures of everyone that had different movies each month, and it's usually 22-29 different directors, and almost every month there's one female and maybe one minority," she said. "We've been having a lot of events, talking to a lot of fans, and so many kids of course are madly in love with Robert but tons of kids of every kind (and) girls are coming up to me and saying `I want to direct now, I'm writing a screenplay now, you're my inspiration.' I think it's great that people are getting excited."

    The big opening for "Twilight" also helps put Summit Entertainment on the map, said Richie Say, the company's president of domestic distribution. Summit has only been around since April 2007 and "Twilight," its sixth release, cost just $37 million to make.

    "It certainly says what we've been saying all along, that we can do more with less," he said. When Warner Bros. pushed "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" from this weekend to a July 2009 debut, and Summit jumped to move "Twilight" from Dec. 12 into that spot on the schedule, "that decision was made in a day. I don't know that the major studios have that ability."

    The tremendous take for "Twilight" far exceeded expectations, which had been set around $50 million.

    "Teen girls rule the earth," said Paul Dergarabedian, president of Media By Numbers. "If you look back at the `Hannah Montana' movie, how well that did, and now this movie, the teen girl audience will never be ignored again or underestimated. It was always teen boys who were the coveted ones, but someone finally caught on to the idea that girls love movies, too, and if you create something that they're into, that they're passionate about, they will come out in big numbers and drive the box office."

    The other major debut of the weekend, Walt Disney's 3-D animated "Bolt," made $27 million to take third place. Featuring the voices of John Travolta and Miley Cyrus, "Bolt" follows the cross-country journey of a dog who plays a superhero on television, but sadly realizes he has no magical powers once he gets separated from his "person."

    Chuck Viane, Disney's head of distribution, said "Twilight" took a bite out of everyone's box office this weekend. If the vampire saga hadn't been around, Viane said, Disney would have expected an opening of at least $30 million.

    "Obviously we believe in the Thanksgiving holiday in a big, big way," he said. "We've always viewed this as one of those 10-day marathons between opening day and the end of the Thanksgiving weekend."

    Last weekend's No. 1 movie, "Quantum of Solace," came in second with $27.4 million. The latest James Bond extravaganza has now grossed $109.5 million, and it crossed the $100 million mark faster than any other film in the franchise, said Rory Bruer, head of distribution for Sony. It's also made $309 million internationally.

    "We're in great shape. We're way ahead of where we were with `Casino Royale,'" said Bruer, referring to the last Bond picture, which also starred Daniel Craig as a more visceral incarnation of 007.

    Estimated ticket sales for Friday through Sunday at U.S. and Canadian theaters, according to Media By Numbers LLC. Final figures will be released Monday.

    1. "Twilight," $70.5 million.

    2. "Quantum of Solace," $27.4 million.

    3. "Bolt," $27 million.

    4. "Madagascar 2: Escape 2 Africa," $16 million.

    5. "Role Models." $7.2 million.

    6. "Changeling," $2.6 million.

    7. "High School Musical 3: Senior Year," $2 million.

    8. "Zack and Miri Make a Porno," $1.7 million.

    9. "The Boy in the Striped Pajamas," $1.67 million.

    10. "The Secret Life of Bees," $1.28 million.

    ___

    On the Net:

    http://www.mediabynumbers.com/


              Gelsomino del Madagascar (Stephanotis floribunda)        
    In particolar modo, il Gelsomino del Madagascar, chiamato anche con il nome scientifico di “Stephanotis floribunda”, è una pianta rampicante che si caratterizza per denotare uno sviluppo estremamente vigoroso.
              Pirate in a bar        
    Pirate in a Bar ------------------------- A man was sitting at a bar when he noticed a pirate walk in the front door. The pirate had a peg leg, a hook for one hand, and a patch over one eye. Feeling sorry for the pirate, the man said, "Come over here friend. You look like you've had a hard life and I'd like to buy you a drink." The pirate came over and ordered rum. "Just out of curiosity," the man said, "how did you lose your leg?" "Arrrgh!" said the pirate, "I lost that timber to a tiger shark in the Caribbean when I was thrown overboard for stealing a man's rum." "That's just terrible. How did you lose your hand?" the man said. "Arrrgh!" said the pirate, "I lost that fighting cannibals off Madagascar under Admiral Hawk." "Oh my!" the man said, "I can't even imagine! How did you lose your eye?" "Arrrgh! A seagull pooped in it!" said the pirate. "A seagull!" the man exclaimed. "Is seagull poop dangerous?!" he asked. "Nay, matey, it was me first day with the hook..."
              The Penguins of Madagascar DS        
    none
              Madagascar 3 Nintendo DS        
    none
              Esteri di mar 10/01        
    1-Barack Obama terrà questa sera il suo discorso d'addio. ..Il presidente uscente segnerà la cultura politica americana. ( Redazione Esteri ) ..2-Yemen, la guerra dimenticata. Il paese arabo più povero aggredito dalle ricche monarchie del golfo. La testimonianza da Sanaa. ( Intervista a Laura Silvia Battaglia) ..3-Cipro. Prove di dialogo tra nord e sud. A Ginevra nuovo round negoziale per arrivare alla riunificazione. ..( Emanuele Valenti) ..4-Unione Europea, 2017. E l'anno del sessantesimo anniversario del trattato di Roma ma sarà anche un test per i movimenti populisti. ( Alessandro Principe) ..5-terra agricolo. Contadini e famiglie sfrattate dalle compagnie minerarie. Il caso del colosso Rio Tinto nel Madagascar. ( Marta Gatti)
              Codes for making International Calls        

    What is a Country Code?

          Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

    International Calling codes of all countries



    Country Codes List




    CountryCountry Code
    Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
    Afghanistan+93
    Albania+355
    Algeria+213
    American Samoa+1 684
    Andorra+376
    Angola+244
    Anguilla+1 264
    Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
    Argentina+54
    Armenia+374
    Aruba+297
    Ascension Island+247
    Australia+61
    Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
    Austria+43
    Azerbaijan+994
    Bahamas+1 242
    Bahrain+973
    Bangladesh+880
    Barbados+1 246
    Belarus+375
    Belgium+32
    Belize+501
    Benin+229
    Bermuda+1 441
    Bhutan+975
    Bolivia+591
    Bonaire+599 7
    Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
    Botswana+267
    Brazil+55
    British Indian Ocean Territory+246
    British Virgin Islands+1 284
    Brunei+673
    Bulgaria+359
    Burkina Faso+226
    Burundi+257
    Cambodia+855
    Cameroon+237
    Canada+1
    Cape Verde+238
    Cayman Islands+1 345
    Central African Republic+236
    Chad+235
    Chile+56
    Christmas Island+61 8 9164
    Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
    Colombia+57
    Cook Islands+682
    Costa Rica+506
    Côte d'Ivoire+225
    Croatia+385
    Cuba+53
    Curacao+599 9
    Cyprus+357
    Czech Republic+420
    Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
    Denmark+45
    Djibouti+253
    Dominica+1 767
    Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
    East Timor+670
    Ecuador+593
    Egypt+20
    El Salvador+503
    Equatorial Guinea+240
    Eritrea+291
    Estonia+372
    Ethiopia+251
    Falkland Islands+500
    Faroe Islands+298
    Federated States of Micronesia+691
    Fiji+679
    Finland+358
    France+33
    French Guiana+594
    French Polynesia+689
    Gabon+241
    Gambia+220
    Georgia+995
    Germany+49
    Ghana+233
    Gibraltar+350
    Global Mobile Satellite System+881
    Greece+30
    Greenland+299
    Grenada+1 473
    Guadeloupe+590
    Guam+1 671
    Guatemala+502
    Guernsey+44 1481
    Guinea+224
    Guinea-Bissau+245
    Guyana+592
    Haiti+509
    Honduras+504
    Hong Kong+852
    Hungary+36
    Iceland+354
    India+91
    Indonesia+62
    International Freephone UIFN+800
    International Premium Rate Service+979
    Iran+98
    Iraq+964
    Ireland+353
    Isle of Man+44 1624
    Israel+972
    Italy+39
    Jamaica+1 876
    Japan+81
    Jersey+44 1534
    Jordan+962
    Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
    Kenya+254
    Kiribati+686
    Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
    Kuwait+965
    Kyrgyzstan+996
    Laos+856
    Latvia+371
    Lebanon+961
    Lesotho+266
    Liberia+231
    Libya+218
    Liechtenstein+423
    Lithuania+370
    Luxembourg+352
    Macau+853
    Macedonia+389
    Madagascar+261
    Mainland China+86
    Malawi+265
    Malaysia+60
    Maldives+960
    Mali+223
    Malta+356
    Marshall Islands+692
    Martinique+596
    Mauritania+222
    Mauritius+230
    Mayotte+262 269 / 639
    Mexico+52
    Moldova+373
    Monaco+377
    Mongolia+976
    Montenegro+382
    Montserrat+1 664
    Morocco+212
    Mozambique+258
    Myanmar+95
    Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
    Namibia+264
    Nauru+674
    Nepal+977
    Netherlands+31
    New Caledonia+687
    New Zealand+64
    Nicaragua+505
    Niger+227
    Nigeria+234
    Niue+683
    Norfolk Island+672 3
    North Korea+850
    Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
    Norway+47
    Oman+968
    Pakistan+92
    Palau+680
    Palestinian territories+970
    Panama+507
    Papua New Guinea+675
    Paraguay+595
    Peru+51
    Philippines+63
    Poland+48
    Portugal+351
    Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
    Qatar+974
    Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
    Republic of the Congo+242
    Réunion+262
    Romania+40
    Russia+7
    Rwanda+250
    Saba+599 4
    Saint Helena+290
    Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
    Saint Lucia+1 758
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
    Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
    Samoa+685
    San Marino+378
    São Tomé and Príncipe+239
    Saudi Arabia+966
    Senegal+221
    Serbia+381
    Seychelles+248
    Sierra Leone+232
    Singapore+65
    Sint Eustatius+599 3
    Sint Maarten+599 5
    Slovakia+421
    Slovenia+386
    Solomon Islands+677
    Somalia+252
    South Africa+27
    South Korea+82
    South Sudan+211
    Spain+34
    Sri Lanka+94
    Sudan+249
    Suriname+597
    Swaziland+268
    Sweden+46
    Switzerland+41
    Syria+963
    Tajikistan+992
    Tanzania+255
    Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
    Thailand+66
    Togo+228
    TokelauAfrica is the second-largest continent in the world.Here is the list of 55 countries in Africa and their capitals.
    Africa
    Africa






    S.no.
    Countries
    Capitals
    1.
    Algeria
    Algiers
    2.
    Angola
    Luanda
    3.
    Benin
    Porto-Novo
    4.
    Botswana
    Gaborone
    5.
    Burkina Faso
    Ouagadougou
    6.
    Burundi
    Bujumbura
    7.
    Cameroon
    Yaoundé
    8.
    Cape Verde
    Praia
    9.
    The Central African Republic
    Bangui
    10.
    The Comoros
    Moroni
    11.
    Cote d'Ivoire
    Yamoussoukro
    12.
    The Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Kinshasa
    13.
    Djibouti
    Djibouti
    14.
    Egypt
    Cairo
    16.
    Equatorial Guinea
    Malabo
    17.
    Eritrea
    Asmara
    18.
    Ethiopia
    Addis Ababa
    19.
    Gabon
    Libreville
    20.
    The Gambia
    Banjul
    21.
    Ghana
    Accra
    22.
    Guinea
    Conakry
    23.
    Guinea-Bissau
    Bissau
    24.
    Chad
    N'Djamena
    25.
    Kenya
    Nairobi
    26.
    Lesotho
    Maseru
    27.
    Liberia
    Monrovia
    28.
    Libya
    Tripoli
    29.
    Madagascar
    Antananarivo
    30.
    Malawi
    Lilongwe

    31.
    Mali
    Bamako
    32.
    Mauritania
    Nouakchott
    33.
    Mauritius
    Port Louis
    34.
    Morocco
    Rabat
    35.
    Mozambique
    Maputo
    36.
    Namibia
    Windhoek
    37.
    Niger
    Niamey
    38.
    Nigeria
    Abuja
    39.
    The Republic of the Congo
    Brazzaville
    40.
    Rwanda
    Kigali
    41.
    Sao Tome and Principe
    São Tomé


    42.
    Senegal
    Dakar
    43.
    The Seychelles
    Victoria
    44.
    Sierra Leone
    Freetown
    45.
    Somalia
    Mogadishu
    46.
    South Africa
    Pretoria
    47.
    Sudan
    Khartoum
    48.
    Swaziland
    Mbabane
    49.
    Tanzania
    Dodoma
    50.
    Togo
    Lomé
    51.
    Tunisia
    Tunis
    52.
    Uganda
    Kampala
    53.
    Western Sahara
    Laayoune
    54.
    Zambia
    Lusaka
    55.
    Zimbabwe
    Harare

              Ragtime America 04-21-2016 with Dan Willging        
    Playlist:

    Seva Venet- Thats A Plenty - Revisiting New Orleans String Bands 18801949
    Meschiya Lake And The Little Big Horns- Anytime Is Saturday Night - Bad Kids Club
    Rick Trolson- Exactly Like You - Sunrise On Bourbon St
    - voicebreak -
    Wilbur De Paris- Madagascar - New New Orleans Jazz
    Various Artists- James Troy Andrews Bourbon Street Parade - Putumayo Presents New Orleans Brass
    Fritzels New Orleans Jazz Band- St James Infirmary - Fritzels New Orleans Jazz Band
    - voicebreak -
    Sadie Goodson Cola- Sadies Special feat Frank Dude Fields Milford S Dolliole - Sheik And Sadie My Dreams Are Getting Better All The Time feat Frank Dude Fields Milford S Dolliole
    Marcus Roberts Trio- The Crave - Alone With Three Giants
    George Lewis- High Society feat Big Jim Robinson Alcide Slow Drag Pavageau Sharkey Bonano Punch Miller Paul Barbarin Louis Barbarin Sweet Emma Barrett Alphonse Picou - Jammin In The 50s
    - voicebreak -
    New Orleans Moonshiners- Coquette - New Orleans Moonshiners
    The New Orleans Jazz Vipers- Dont Forget Our Monday Date - Blue Turning Grey
    Louis Ford And His New Orleans Flairs- New Orleans Stomp - Louis Ford And His New Orleans Flairs
    Various Artists- Andrew Bird Shake It And Break It - Preservation


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/55/playlistDate/2016-04-21
              Esteri di gio 11/12        
    1-Petrolio: cala ancora il prezzo del barile. oggi venduto a 60 dollari. Paesi esportatori in difficoltà. Il caso Venezuela. 2-Grecia : Nikos ha sospeso lo sciopero della fame. ..il 21 enne anarchico è diventato il simbolo di un paese in crisi. ..3-Egitto: le mani dei palazzinari su Tahrir. ..Un parcheggio sotterraneo nella piazza simbolo della primavera araba. Le interviste di esteri ..4-Il dramma di Kobane raccontato dalle carovane di solidarietà. ..5-Giappone: domenica elezioni anticipate. Verso la conferma del premier Shinzo Abe. ..6-Libertà di stampa nell'est europeo. Il caso Serbia. Dal progetto Safety.net – Obs ( Andrea Monti) ..7-world music: dal madagascar un album a difesa della biodiversità e contro il land grabbing...8- le recensioni di vincenzo mantovani :  Il secolo curvo della civiltà capitalista, di Guido Carandini.
              Esteri di mar 03/06        
    1-Crisi ucraina: obama in Eeuropa alla ricerca di una alleanza anti Putin. Venerdi in occasione del settantesimo anniversario dello sbarco in normandia possibile incontro tra i due leader. ..2-Elezioni presidenziali in siria. Scontata la ..di assad. ( Emanuele Valenti ) ..3-Allarme Ebola: l'epidemia minaccia numerosi paesi africani. Il punto di Esteri. ..4-Tienanmen, 25 anni fa. Oggi la prima puntata. ..5-Land Grabbbing: Tutto iniziò dal Madagascar...( Marta Gatti)
              Adenium        
    L’Adenium è di origine tropicale e fa parte della famiglia delle Apocynaceae. E’ una pianta molto decorativa. Di una bellezza incredibile, è soprannominata “rosa del deserto” o “oleandro del Madagascar”.
              SAIBA MAIS        
                             CAMALEÃO



    CLASSIFICAÇÃO CIENTÍFICA:
    Reino: Animalia
    Filo: Chordata
    Classe: Reptilia
    Ordem: Squamata
    Subordem: Sauria
    Família: Chamaeleonidae



    INFORMAÇÕES IMPORTANTES:
    O camaleão é um réptil muito conhecido da família dos lagartos.
    Existem catalogadas mais de setenta espécies de camaleões.
    A cor dos camaleões, dependendo da espécie, varia do marrom ao verde. Algumas espécies são listradas. Quanto à cor, um recurso importante, usado pelos camaleões para despistar os predadores, é a mudança de cor (mimetismo).
    Os camaleões possuem dois olhos, sendo que conseguem mover um para cada lugar ao mesmo tempo.
    Estes lagartos se movimentam lentamente para não despertar a atenção de suas presas e predadores.
    A pele do camaleão é coberto por uma camada de queratina. Ao crescer, o camaleão precisa trocar de pele.
    Os camaleões são animais de hábitos diurnos.
    São animais solitários, sendo que os machos buscam as fêmeas na época do acasalamento.
    Possuem um comportamento muito agressivo, inclusive com animais da mesma espécie.
    Eles vivem , principalmente, na África, Madagascar e sul do Saara. Algumas espécies também são encontradas em continente europeu e na Índia.
    Os camaleões possuem habitat muito variado (savanas, florestas tropicais, montanhas, estepes e até desertos). Gostam de viver sobre as árvores, arbustos e sob folhas secas.
    Os camaleões se alimentam, principalmente, de insetos tais como moscas, joaninhas, mariposas, pequenos besouros e gafanhotos. Para pegas estes insetos, ele utiliza um importante recurso: uma língua comprida, elástica e pegajosa.
    CARACTERÍSTICAS PRINCIPAIS:
    Peso: o peso de um animal adulto, dependendo da espécie, pode variar entre 1 a 3 quilos.
    Comprimento: um camaleão adulto pode ter, em média, de 40 a 60 cm.

              Madagascar for taxon Orphnaeus brevilabiatus (Newport, 1845)        
    Distribution "Madagascar" for taxon Orphnaeus brevilabiatus (Newport, 1845) has been added by A.D. Barber via the webinterface on 2009-05-10T13:58:36+00:00
              Unbound presents HEMISPHERES: Sound Photographs from Madagascar        

    Unbound will be hosting an immersive experience at First Fridays in the Crossroads Nov. 7 and again on Saturday, Nov. 8 at The Living Room Theatre. Live music at 8:00 p.m. both nights.

    (PRWeb November 01, 2014)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/11/prweb12295313.htm


              Christmas in Andavadoaka: a focus on what’s important        
    Our Field Scientist Catherine Pigeon and our Madagascar volunteers have been talking to villagers and Blue Ventures staff about how Christmas is celebrated in Andavadoaka.

              Learning face-to-face        
    A learning exchange brought over twenty partners, fishers and conservationists from five different countries to Madagascar to learn about community-based fisheries management.

              Corals in crisis: Monitoring the third global bleaching event in southwest Madagascar        
    Spinecheek anemonefish hovers above a bleached anenome in Timor-Leste
    This summer Blue Ventures volunteers and staff in the remote fishing village of Andavadoaka in southwest Madagascar have been enjoying warm waters and calm weather. However, beneath the waves the picture is less idyllic. Where once we dived on reefs […]

              Women’s groups take action to address emergency transport challenges for accessing maternal healthcare        
    In Madagascar—where women face a 1 in 43 lifetime risk of maternal death—community mobilisation can improve maternal health outcomes. In rural areas, clinics and hospitals are located far from many villages, which means that transport in emergency situations is vital for reducing delays in getting women the care they urgently need. Simple community-led initiatives tackling such problems can have a great impact, as evidenced by the recent efforts of a women’s group in the village of Andalambezo on Madagascar’s remote southwest coast.

              Women in Lamboara: Preparing for the future        
    by Cicelin Cicelin RAKOTOMAHAZO and Dolce RANDRIANANDRASAZIKY, Blue Forests southwest team, Madagascar “Planting mangroves is not a question of money, but a question of our future”, said a group of women from the island fishing village of Lamboara, situated in the […]

              Album Review: GT Digital Presents – The Future of Hard Trance        
    Recently, GT Digital’s “The Future of Hard Trance” has given a definitive shape of what they’re trying to capture in the current hard trance revival. The CD opens with the rhythmic percussion intro of Aponaut – “The Future of Hard Trance.” Reminiscent of the seminal Art of Trance – Madagascar plucking sounds, we’re lead into […]
              Up And Coming International Vacation Spots        
    Things change fast in the international world of travel. From time to time, there are fairly untouched gems, like Mozambique 15 years ago or Cuba 10 years ago. For very different reasons, Germany, Argentina, the Philippines, and Madagascar are destinations to consider or re-consider for your up-and-coming vacation bucket list.
              Chocolate Rice Pudding: National Rice Pudding Day!        
    1899 Chocolate Ad
    Today is National Rice Pudding Day, and of course, it's Chocolate Rice Pudding at my house. The following recipes are completely different, so try both and see which you flavor you favor! Remember the final results will only be as good as your ingredients. Use the best! Both can be topped with fresh whipped cream.

    I. DARK CHOCOLATE RICE PUDDING

    Ingredients
    1-1/2 cups milk
    1/2 cup half and half
    1/3 cup sugar
    dash of salt
    1 cup uncooked rice
    3/4 tsp Madagascar vanilla
    3 ounces dark chocolate (75-85% cacao), finely chopped

    Directions
    Over low heat, bring milk, half and half, sugar, and salt to nearly scalding temperature. Hint: Milk will not simmer, but it will steam when stirred at the near-scalding point.
    Add rice to milk and continue cooking over low heat, stirring occasionally, for 20 to 22 minutes, until rice is creamy and slightly soft.
    Add vanilla and chopped dark chocolate to hot rice and stir until chocolate melts and becomes part of pudding.
    Divide pudding into 4 ramikins or casserole dish and serve warm or chilled.

    II. CINNAMON CHOCOLATE RICE PUDDING

    Ing