"Buongiorno, Anne. Buon anno". "Buongiorno, Valentin. Buon anno anche a te. NovitÃ ?" "SÃ¬. Un nuovo arrivo. Sabato notte. Hai il colloquio giÃ fissato per le undici. Trovi tutti i dettagli in agenda". Anne Dupont, psicologa del Centro di Prima Accoglienza di Calais, entrÃ² nel suo ufficio, accese il terminale e consultÃ² la sua agenda elettronica.
LunedÃ¬ 5 gennaio 2011, ore 11,00. Colloquio con Monsieur Philip Brasser. Cittadino britannico. EtÃ 38. Celibe. Operazione di salvataggio in mare, Canale della Manica, acque internazionali, 3 gennaio u.s. Condizioni fisiche buone. Non parla francese. Attribuzione provvisoria: codice blu.
Bene, pensÃ² Anne. Un rifugiato politico. Iniziare l'anno nuovo con un codice blu era di buon auspicio. Il colloquio era di lÃ¬ a due ore. Non c'erano altri impegni per la giornata. CompletÃ² con calma alcuni referti clinici iniziati la settimana precedente, fece una partita a Tetris, chattÃ² con alcuni amici in Internet. Quando fu il momento, si aggiustÃ² il make-up e si recÃ² in sala colloqui.
Era una stanza non troppo ampia, arredata come un normale studio specialistico ma con qualche accorgimento per mettere gli ospiti a proprio agio: colori pastello, luci soffuse, lettino basso, comoda poltrona. Su quest'ultima, di fronte alla scrivania della dottoressa, era giÃ seduto il signor Brasser.
Non c'erano straordinari da fare, quel giorno. Alle tredici, Anne spense il computer, salutÃ² i colleghi che arrivavano per il turno pomeridiano e, senza passare dalla mensa, prese l'elio-tram che, serpeggiando silenziosamente lungo la costa, la portÃ² a casa sua in dieci minuti. Era una magnifica giornata di sole. Il mare era inusualmente calmo, in quei giorni. Una fortuna, per Brasser. Aveva evitato il triste destino di tanti boat-people che partivano clandestinamente dalla riva inglese ma non riuscivano a raggiungere i nostri mezzi di soccorso nelle acque internazionali.
Whoâs Who Whatâs What In the World of CIA Fronts, Partners, Proprietaries & Contractors
The Almost Classified Guide to CIA Front Companies, Proprietaries & Contractors By WAYNE MADSEN ISBN: 978-1-365-11196-9
Cool Justice Editor's Note: Following are excerpts from author Madsen's introduction and the body of the work. Additional suggested reading: News story about Madsen's book via the Washington, D.C. based Justice Integrity Project [link at the bottom of this post].
From the Introduction
One of the most pervasive uses of companies as intelligence partners was under the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD. During the Cold War, the CIA, often with the approval of corporate executives, infiltrated their agents to work as journalists in newspapers, radio and television networks, wire services, and magazines. The following pages in this book are rife with examples of this penetration of the Fourth Estate â all too many in the opinion of this journalist. The CIA admitted to at least 400 journalists on the agencyâs payroll at the height of MOCKINGBIRD. The CIA traditionally understates its capabilities, especially when its covert activities become publicly known. Moreover, the end of the Cold War did not stop the practice of the CIA in infiltrating the media and slant news reports to its wishes.
An insightful look behind the veils of secrecy into the CIAâs use of fronts, proprietaries, and partners calls into question the purpose of the CIA. Created by President Harry S Truman to serve as a central collector and repository of intelligence, the CIA became much more than that. A few weeks after the United States witnessed the assassination of President Kennedy in the middle of downtown Dallas, Truman penned an op-ed piece that appeared in several newspapers around the country. In it, Truman shared his regret for having created the CIA in 1947:
âI think it has become necessary to take another look at the purpose and operations of our Central Intelligence AgencyâCIA . . . For some time I have been disturbed by the way CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the Government. This has led to trouble and may have compounded our difficulties in several explosive areas.
"I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment I think we have experienced are in part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role that it is being interpreted as a symbol of sinister and mysterious foreign intrigue.â
The 21st centuryâs CIAâs partners are more likely to be found among high-tech companies marketing the latest and greatest mobile applications and data mining programs than among banks, law offices, and advertising agencies. However, in the post-World War II era, the CIAâs top and middle echelons were normally found operating through cover as typewriter-pecking journalists, traveling Madison Avenue admen, corporate lawyers, and chain-smoking oilmen. In the 1970s and 80s, CIA contractors and partners began showing up in the high-tech field, with database, local area networking, and on-line information retrieval systems attracting the most interest by Langley.
Amazon, Inc. [CIA contractor]. Company provides cloud computing services for the CIA. Amazonâs CEO Jeff Bezos also owns The Washington Post.
American Historical Society. [CIA partner]. Many society officials were OSS/CIA officers.
American Press Institute. [CIA front]. Operating out of Columbia University, the instituteâs director in the 1950s was a CIA officer.
AmeriCares. [CIA partner]. A non-profit organization that is often the âfirst inâ at refugee situations. Founded by tycoon J. Peter Grace, a board chairman of the CIA front, the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD) and a trustee of another CIA front, the American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism, AmeriCares was involved in funding the Nicaraguan contras. The group has also provided the CIA with recruiting opportunities at mass refugee sites, particularly in Latin America and Asia.
Bechtel Corporation. [CIA contractor]. Bechtel is a large construction company that has included former CIA director Richard Helms, CIA pseudonym âFletcher M. Knight,â among its executive ranks. Bechtel was active in providing corporate cover for the OSS in the Middle East during World War II. Bechtel has been a consummate service company for various CIA operations, including support for the CIA-inspired coup against the Syrian government in 1949, the Iranian government of Prime Minister Mohamed Mossadeq in 1953, and President Sukarno of Indonesia in 1965. From the 1960s to the 1970s, Bechtel provided cover for CIA agents in Libya under both the regime of King Idris and his successor, Muammar Qaddafi. Sometimes called a âsecret armâ of the CIA, Bechtelâs executives included those who would join President Reaganâs Cabinet, including Secretary of State George Schultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.
Before World War II, Steve Bechtel formed a military-industrial complex partnership with John McCone. McCone later became the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and later, director of the CIA. The CIA has used Bechtel to provide cover for non-official cover CIA operatives abroad.
Blackstone Investment Group. [CIA front]. With offices in Washington, DC and Moscow, arranged for the purchase of KGB documents following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Among the documents sought by the front company were any related to illegal CIA activities during the Cold War, including the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restaurant. [CIA front]. Opened in 1967 in Kingâs Cross in Sydney, Australia. Served as a rendezvous point for CIA, Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO), and organized crime figures. Its proprietor was Bernie Houghton, a CIA operative with links to Nugan Hand Bank, CIA weapons smuggler Edwin Wilson, and CIA clandestine services officers Theodore Shackley, Rafael Quintero, and Thomas Clines.
Center for Democracy. [CIA front]. Administered under the aegis of Boston University, the center maintained offices in Boston, Washington, DC, Guatemala City, and Strasbourg, France. Involved in CIA operations in eastern Europe, Central America, and Africa.
Colt Patent Firearms Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Hartford, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.
Daddario & Burns. [CIA partner]. Headed by former OSS officer Emilio Daddario, a Democratic Representative from Connecticut, the Hartford-based law firm provided services to the CIA.
DC Comics. [CIA partner]. Worked with the International Military Information Group (IMIG), a joint CIA/Pentagon unit at the State Department, to disseminate propaganda comic books, featuring Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman, in Serbo-Croatian and Albanian, to youth in the Balkans during the military conflicts in that region.
Disney Corporation. [CIA partner]. CIA agents who were adept at creating front companies and shell corporations in Florida, worked closely with Disney in preparation for the construction of Disney World near Orlando, Florida. OSS veteran âWild Billâ Donovan and CIA shell company expert Paul Helliwell helped create two fake Florida cities, Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, as well as a number of shell corporations, to keep secret the plans for Disney World. This kept land prices low because real estate speculators were unaware of the prospective value of the land in a desolate area of central Florida.
Emory School of Medicine. [CIA partner]. Located in Atlanta, Georgia. Involved in the CIAâs MK-ULTRA behavioral modification project.
Enron Corporation [CIA partner]. Houston-based firm that was used by the CIA to provide commercial cover for its agents around the world. There were at least 20 CIA employees on Enronâs payroll. Andre Le Gallo, a former official of the CIAâs Operations Directorate, went to work as a corporate intelligence officer for Enron.
Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). [CIA front]. Officially established by American Trotskyists, the group was penetrated by CIA operatives. The FPCC New Orleans office was a CIA front that provided cover for the anti-Fidel Castro activities of Lee Harvey Oswald, Clay Shaw, and David Ferrie, among others. The New Orleans FPCC office was located at 544 Camp Street and shared the same building entrance with Guy Banister Associates, Inc., a private detective agency, the address for which was 531 Lafayette Street and around the corner from 544 Camp Street.
In December 1963, after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the FPCC ceased all U.S. operations.
General Electric Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Fairfield, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.
General Foods Corporation. [CIA partner]. Advertising account at CIAâs Robert Mullen Company handled by an active CIA employee.
Google, Inc. [CIA partner]. Developed as a result of a research grant by the CIA and Pentagon to Stanford Universityâs Department of Computer Science. The CIA referred to the research as the âgoogle project.â
Greenberg Traurig. [CIA partner]. Washington, DC âconnectedâ law firm.
Guy Banister Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New Orleans private detective agency headed by former FBI agent Guy Banister. The detective agency coordinated the activities of various anti-Castro Cuban groups in New Orleans, including Banisterâs own Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean, as well as the Cuban Revolutionary Council, the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front, Friends of Democratic Cuba, and the Crusade to Free Cuba Committee.
Banister and Associates shared office space with the CIAâs New Orleans front, the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, headed by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Hale and Dorr. [CIA partner]. Boston-based law firm that provided cover for CIAâs Independence and Brown Foundations.
Halliburton. [CIA contractor]. Based in Houston, it is the worldâs largest oil service company. Recipient of a number of CIA sole-source contracts for services worldwide.
Harper and Row, Inc. [CIA partner]. Manuscripts submitted to the New York publisher that dealt with intelligence matters, particularly CIA operations, were turned over to the CIA for censoring edits before publication.
Hewlett Packard Corporation. [CIA partner]. Sold computers to Iraq for Saddam Husseinâs missile program with the knowledge and approval of the CIA.
Hill & Knowlton. [CIA partner]. Public relations firm that teamed with the CIA on a number of operations. Hill & Knowltonâs numerous offices abroad provided cover for CIA agents. One known Hill & Knowlton office that was a CIA front operation was in Kuala Lumpur.
Kerr-McGee. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating overseas.
Kissinger Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New York-based international consulting firm founded by former Secretary of State and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger. Former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft is a co-owner. The firm provided support to the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation and the Bilderberg Group. Much of the 1982 seed money for Kissinger Associates was provided by Goldman Sachs.
Knight Foundation. [CIA partner]. Also known as the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. Based in Miami, the foundation provides funding for various CIA-connected media operations in the United States and around the world.
Kroll Inc. [CIA partner]. Founded in 1972 by Jules Kroll, who had links to both U.S. and Israeli intelligence. Based in Manhattan. French domestic law enforcement believed Krollâs Paris office was a CIA front. Kroll handled the security for the World Trade Center after the 1993 terrorist bombing and continued to be responsible for security up to, during, and after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. Kroll employed former FBI assistant director for counter-terrorism John OâNeill, who died in the collapse of the World Trade Center.
Lincoln Savings and Loan. [CIA partner]. Based in Irvine, California and headed by notorious swindler Charles Keating, Jr., involved in laundering funds for the Iran-contra scandal.
Lone Star Cement Corporation. [CIA partner]. Based in Stamford, Connecticut and linked to the Bush family, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad. Involved in the Iran-contra scandal.
Mary Carter Paint Company. [CIA front]. A money-laundering operation for the CIA. Involved in casinos in the Bahamas.
Monsanto. [CIA partner]. The firm contracted with former CIA official Cofer Blackâs Total Intelligence Solutions (TIS), a subsidiary of the CIA-connected Blackwater USA, later Xe Services, to monitor animal rights groups, anti-genetically modified (GM) food activists, and other groups opposed to Monsantoâs agri-business operations worldwide.
National Enquirer. [CIA partner]. The tabloidâs founder, Generoso (Gene) Pope, Jr., worked for the CIAâs psychological warfare unit and the agencyâs Italy branch in 1950. In 1952, Pope acquired The New York Enquirer broadsheet and transformed it into a tabloid, renaming it The National Enquirer. This transformation bore the imprimatur of the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program.
Newsweek. [CIA partner]. Magazine reporters and stringers fed information to the CIA. Newsweekâs stringers in southeastern Europe and the Far East were CIA agents. When Newsweek was bought by The Washington Post Company in 1961, cooperation between the magazine and the CIA increased. It was a participant in the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program. Much of the staff of Newsweek was absorbed into a new online publication, The Daily Beast, which continues to disseminate CIA-influenced articles. See Washington Post.
Nieman Foundation. [CIA partner]. Located at Harvard University, the foundation awarded Nieman Fellowships, some on behalf of the CIA, for foreign journalists to study at Harvard. The journalists were subjected to CIA recruitment efforts prior to their returning to their home countries.
Pamela Martin & Associates. [CIA partner], Escort firm run by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the so-called âDC Madam.â During her 2008 trial for mail fraud, Palfrey attempted to invoke the Classified Information Procedures Act in order to discuss her relationship with the CIA. The U.S. Court refused Palfreyâs request and she was convicted and later said to have committed suicide before her sentencing hearing in Washington, DC. One of her clients was Randall Tobias, the head of the CIA-connected USAID. Another was Louisiana Republican senator David Vitter.
Paris Review. [CIA front]. Literary magazine edited by George Plimpton. Published works by Jack Kerouac and Samuel Beckett. The magazineâs co-founder, Peter Matthiessen, relied on his affiliation with the magazine as his CIA cover.
Quaker Oats Company. [CIA partner]. Worked with the CIA and Atomic Energy Commission to place trace amounts of radiation in breakfast cereal served to boys at the Fernald School for the mentally retarded in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Radio Corporation of America. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Iran, Philippines, Japan, and West Germany. Provided technical assistance to CIA-financed clandestine and propaganda radio stations worldwide, including Radio Free Europe. RCA founder David Sarnoff was a major supporter of CIA operations, including propaganda dissemination around the world. RCA chairman and chief executive officer Thornton F. Bradshaw was active in the operations of the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation.
Reily Coffee Company. [CIA partner]. Also known as William B. Reily Coffee Company and based in New Orleans, this company employed Lee Harvey Oswald and a number of other U.S. government employees, many of whom were suspected CIA officers.
Robert M. Mullen Company. [CIA proprietary]. A Washington, DC public relations firm, it was used as a front for CIA activities. E. Howard Hunt, the CIA agent, worked for Robert Mullen when he was arrested in the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington in 1972. The Senate Watergate Committee reported that âthe Mullen and Company has maintained a relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency since its incorporation in 1959. It provided covers for agents in Europe (Stockholm), Latin America (Mexico City), and the Far East (Singapore) at the time of the Watergate break-in.â
Rockefeller Foundation. [CIA partner]. Used by the CIA to direct scholarships and grants to the Third World and Eastern Europe. Rockefeller Foundation money was funneled to the American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE), created in 1948. The chairman of ACUE was OSS chief William J. Donovan and the vice chairman was Allen Dulles. One of ACUEâs board members was Walter Bedell Smith, the first CIA director.
Summa Corporation. [CIA partner]. Owned by Howard Hughes, Summa is believed to have skimmed gambling profits from the Sands, Desert Inn, Frontier, Silver Slipper, Castaways, and Landmark casinos in Las Vegas and Haroldâs Club in Reno for the CIA and the Mafia. Provided financial cover for the CIAâs Glomar Explorer project.
Teneo Intelligence. [CIA partner]. Branch of Teneo Holdings, which is headquartered in New York. Teneo Holdingsâs intelligence branch includes former CIA officials. Teneo is closely linked to former President Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton. Teneo Intelligence has offices in New York, London, Rome, Brussels, Dubai, Bogota, New Delhi, and Tokyo.
Texas Commerce Bank (TCB). [CIA partner]. Houston-based bank founded by the family of James Baker III. Texas Commerce Bank was used to provide commercial cover for CIA agents. After serving as vice president for Texas Commerce Bank in Caracas from 1977 to 1979, Jeb Bush joined his fatherâs presidential campaign in 1980. Serving with Bush on the campaign was Robert Gambino, the CIA deputy director of security who gave Bush his orientation brief at Langley in 1977.
Kenneth Lay, the chairman of Enron, which had its own links to the CIA, served on the board of Texas Commerce Bank. Texas Commerce Bank was acquired by Chemical Bank in 1987.
The bank provided major loans to Howard Hughesâs Summa Corporation. See Summa Corporation.
United Fruit Company [CIA partner]. Involved in 1954 CIA overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz government in Guatemala. Published the Latin America Report, a publication that was a CIA front used for clandestine activities. The CIA transferred weapons to United Fruit employees in Guatemala who were involved in undermining the Arbenz government. The joint CIA-United Fruit plan was code named OPERATION FORTUNE. Company provided an airfield in Guatemala for the CIAâs training of Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.
U.S. Rubber Company. [CIA partner]. Headquartered in Naugatuck, Connecticut and later called Uniroyal, provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad. Included those operating under the cover of the Dominion Rubber Company of Canada, a subsidiary of U.S. Rubber Company.
U.S. Youth Council (USYC). [CIA front]. Founded in 1945 and based in New York. Some 90 percent of its funds came from the CIA. USYC received funding from the Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs (FYSA), a CIA front. The USYC was composed of American Youth Hostels, Camp Fire Girls, 4-H, American Unitarian Youth, National Catholic Welfare Conference, National Students Assembly, YMCA and YWCA.
Wackenhut. [CIA contractor]. Wackenhut, a Palm Beach Gardens, Florida-based security firm, stood accused of providing the CIA with specialized services around the world, including Chile, Greece, and El Salvador. Its Venezuelan branch, Wackenhut Venezolana, C.A., was accused in 2002 of involvement in the CIAâs coup against President Hugo Chavez. William Casey served as Wackenhutâs outside counsel before becoming CIA director in 1981.
Wackenhut eventually merged into the global security firm G4S.
Washington Post. [CIA partner]. The Washington Post was part of the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD, the agencyâs media influence project. Post publisher Phil Graham was a close friend and associate of MOCKINGBIRD chief Frank Wisner, Sr. and CIA director Allen Dulles. Wisner assisted Graham in acquiring The Washington Times-Herald and WTOP radio, creating a sizable CIA-influenced media operation in the nationâs capital.
W. R. Grace. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Latin America. Provided donations to CIA front foundations.
BULLETIN: Hartford federal jury awards $170K compensatory damages & 32K punitive damages in 4th Amendment / fatal dog shooting case. Costs and attorney fees to be awarded after eight years of litigation expected to total $500,000 - $700,000, possibly more.
âThis verdict is a strong statement from the jury that privacy rights of city residents are just as important as those of suburban homeowners,â said attorney Jon Schoenhorn for the plaintiffs.
9-17-16 column below
Judge orders attachment of personal assets of cops who trespassed
By Andy Thibault
This is the haunting voice of trauma inflicted on a 12-year-old girl:
âThat day never goes away. Itâs like I canât really escape it, no matter how hard I try. I should have done something â anything â to stop that bullet from hitting him in the head.â
And here is some police scanner chatter about the shooting:
âHave you got anybody hit?
âNegative, negative, just a dog.
âWeâre all set, shut down the lights. I donât want a scene here at the, uh, neighborhood.â
The shooting occurred after school on Dec. 20, 2006 on Enfield Street in Hartfordâs North End. The girl, known as K. Harris, suffered Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and became suicidal.
The U.S. Second Circuit of Appeals ruled two years ago that the cops were trespassing and ordered a trial just to determine damages. The Second Circuit ruling overturned a 2012 verdict by an all-suburban jury in Hartford U.S. District Court supporting the home invasion by police.
The appeals court also opened the door to both compensatory and punitive damages. Now â as a trial on the amount to award the plaintiff is scheduled to begin Monday â the city is trying to weasel out of its obligation and in the process throwing the cops it promised to indemnify under the bus.
The Associated Press reported over the weekend that the city of Hartford had reversed its position to indemnify the officers found at fault by the appeals court. Hartford Police Union President Richard Holton told the AP that officers Johnmichael OâHare and Anthony Pia had been âhung out to dry.â
Friday afternoon, U.S. Magistrate Judge Donna Martinez ordered the officersâ personal assets attached in the amount of 1.4 million â OâHare at $750,000 and Pia at $650,000.
In a documentary which premiered this summer at the Toronto Film Festival, K. Harris recalls letting her dog â a St. Bernard named Seven â outside after school and then hearing a commotion in her front yard.
âThere was a police officer standing over Seven with a gun pointed at Seven. I yelled at him, please, no, donât shoot my dog!
âHe looked at me dead in my eyes for like a second and then he took a step and then he shot Seven in the head. The police officer was like, âIâm sorry, Maâam, your dog isnât going to make it.â
âMy life ended right there.â
Because the officers lacked a warrant or probable cause to invade the Harris property, they violated the familyâs Fourth Amendment rights ...
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It's been a long time coming: after more than two years of construction, this morning Northerly Island officially reopened. Although not "officially" open until 10am, many people were out early this morning enjoying the new paved walkway that loops through the southern 40 acres of the park. I was one of those people, hoping for some interesting migrants and checking out the site's birding potential.
Every bit of open space on the lakefront is important for the birds themselves as a place to rest and refuel, and Northerly Island's location--jutting out into the lake--makes it an especially important site. According to eBird, no fewer than 241 species have been reported there. It has been particularly good for grassland migrants, birds like Nelson's and Le Conte's Sparrows, Bobolink, Sedge Wren, and Short-eared Owl. It's also attracted some great rarities over the years, most recently Brewer's Sparrow and Sage Thrasher. But what does the future hold for birding here?
This morning was very quiet, with virtually no migrants. That's not an indictment of the habitat, however; it just wasn't a good day for migrants. In fact, the new Northerly Island has the potential to be just as good, if not better, as a birding destination than it was previously. The southern forty acres, where the construction took place and where most birders will focus their efforts, is primarily made up of two habitats--grasslands and pond. The grasslands (which lie on small hills) will undoubtedly attract good numbers of sparrows and other grassland migrants, just as the old Northerly did, but it may take some time until the vegetation has matured enough for the birds to arrive. The vegetation is still sparse in some places, however, and even this morning there were contractors out spraying invasive species. There are also plans to add 400 trees and 12,000 shrubs by 2017, which should enhance the habitat and make it attractive to a greater diversity of migrating birds.
The pond--which this morning had a couple of cormorants, small groups of Mallards and Canada Geese, and a Great Blue Heron--is particularly intriguing. The edges are lined with wetland vegetation, and although the water levels are currently too high for shorebirds, I can imagine large shorebirds, interesting waterfowl, or even an ibis dropping in at some point. They'd have to be tolerant of people to stick around for long, however, given how close the paved trail is to much of the pond. The edges of the pond could attract rails, Marsh Wrens, and other migrants that like wetter grasslands, so long as that vegetation doesn't get trampled by fishermen and others wanting to get close to the water.
The biggest downside of the new development is the fact that from most of the path, you can see neither Lake Michigan nor Burnham Harbor. One of the great things about the old Northerly was the expansive view of the lake, so that while tromping through the grasslands for sparrows you could also be watching for migrating ducks, shorebirds, and terns flying over the lake (not to mention the lake is simply nice to look at!). Now you will have to climb up on the rip-rap for a view of the lake. The once-expansive views of the sky are also more limited now due to the addition of hills, so watching for migrants coming from the north will be a little more difficult.
As of now, there is fence lining the entire trail, understandably preventing access to the grasslands and pond edge while the vegetation takes hold. It also prevents access to the lakeshore rip-rap and the west side of the park, preventing views of the harbor. You can get good views of the pond, which will be worth keeping an eye on this fall, even if the fence will make birding difficult otherwise. The northern half of the island remains open and is still worth checking, too, especially the east side with its weedy vegetation, shrubs, and cottonwoods. It will be some time--years even--until the full birding potential of the new Northerly Island is realized, but in the meantime the birding will be good and I plan on checking it regularly.
Laparoscopic surgery or minimally invasive surgeryÂ is a procedure which uses a special surgical instrument called a laparoscope to look inside your tummy (abdomen) or to perform certain operations. A laparoscope is like a thin telescope with a light source. It is used to light up and magnify the structures inside the abdomen. A laparoscope is […]
Navigated posterior cervical microforamitomy (PCM) is a promising minimally invasive technique for treating radiculopathy caused by lateral disc herniations and foraminal stenosis. The aim of this paper is to describe the surgical technique and clinical results of minimally invasive posterior cervical microforaminotomy (PCM) assisted by an O-arm-based navigation system for the treatment of unilateral radiculopathy […]
Minimally invasive knee replacement is the surgical procedure similar to traditional Knee Replacement, and It requiresÂ less cutting of the tissue surrounding the knee. The artificial implants used are the same as those used for traditional knee replacement. However, specially designed surgical instruments are used to prepare the femur and tibia and to place the implants […]
The most common reason that people go see an orthopedic doctor is for the treatment of a broken bone, though arthritis treatment and management of carpal tunnel and rotator cuff injuries are also considered somewhat âstandard.â Theses sorts of doctors routinely perform arthroscopies, which are minimally invasive procedures to explores hip, shoulder, or knee damage. […]
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Women take note. Researchers find that a chemical that forms in overcooked meat, especially charred portions, is a potent mimic of estrogen, the primary female sex hormone. That's anything but appetizing, since studies have linked a higher lifetime cumulative exposure to estrogen in women with an elevated risk of breast cancer.
Indeed, the new finding offers a "biologically plausible" explanation for why diets rich in red meats might elevate breast-cancer risk, notes Nigel J. Gooderham of Imperial College London.
At the very high temperatures reached during frying and charbroiling, natural constituents of meats can undergo chemical reactions that generate carcinogens known as heterocyclic amines (see Carcinogens in the Diet). Because these compounds all have very long, unwieldy chemical monikers, most scientists refer to them by their abbreviations, such as IQ, MeIQ, MeIQx, and PhIP.
Of the nearly two dozen different heterocyclic amines that can form, PhIP dominates. It sometimes accumulates in amounts 10 to 50 times higher than that of any other member of this toxic chemical family, Gooderham says. Moreover, he adds, although heterocyclic amines normally cause liver tumors in exposed animals, PhIP is different: "It causes breast cancer in female rats, prostate cancer in male rats, and colon cancer in both." These are the same cancers that in people are associated with eating a lot of cooked meats.
However, the means by which such foods might induce cancer has remained somewhat elusive. So, building on his team's earlier work, Gooderham decided to probe what the heterocyclic amine did in rat pituitary cells. These cells make prolactinâanother female sex hormoneâbut only when triggered by the presence of estrogen. Prolactin, like estrogen, fuels the growth of many breast cancers.
In their new test-tube study, Gooderham and coauthor Saundra N. Lauber show that upon exposure to PhIP, pituitary cells not only make progesterone, but also secrete it. If these cells do the same thing when they're part of the body, those secretions would circulate to other organsâincluding the breast.
But "what was startling," Gooderham told Science News Online, is that it took just trace quantities of the heterocyclic amine to spur prolactin production. "PhIP was incredibly potent," he says, able to trigger progesterone production at concentrations comparable to what might be found circulating in the blood of people who had eaten a couple of well-done burgers.
The toxicologist cautions that there's a big gap between observing an effect in isolated cells growing in a test-tube and showing that the same holds true in people.
However, even if PhIP does operate similarly in people, he says that's no reason to give up grilled meat. Certain cooking techniques, such as flipping hamburgers frequently, can limit the formation of heterocyclic amines. Moreover, earlier work by the Imperial College team showed that dining on certain members of the mustard family appear to detoxify much of the PhIP that might have inadvertently been consumed as part of a meal.
The human link
Three recent epidemiological studies support concerns about the consumption of grilled meats.
In the first, Harvard Medical School researchers compared the diets of more than 90,000 premenopausal U.S. nurses. Over a 12-year period, 1,021 of the relatively young women developed invasive breast cancers. The more red meat a woman ate, the higher was her risk of developing invasive breast cancer, Eunyoung Cho and her colleagues reported in the Archives of Internal Medicine last November. The increased risk was restricted, however, only to those types of breast cancers that are fueled by estrogen or progesterone.
Overall, women who ate the most red meatâtypically 1.5 servings or more per dayâfaced nearly double the invasive breast-cancer risk of those eating little red meat each week.
Related findings emerged in the April 10 British Journal of Cancer. There, researchers at the University of Leeds reported data from a long-running study of more than 35,000 women in the United Kingdom who ranged in age from roughly 35 to 70. Regardless of the volunteers' age, Janet E. Cade's team found, those who consumed the most meat had the highest risk of breast cancer.
Shortly thereafter, Susan E. Steck of the University of South Carolina's school of public health and her colleagues linked meat consumption yet again with increased cancer risk, but only in the older segment of the women they investigated. By comparing the diets of 1,500 women with breast cancer to those of 1,550 cancerfree women, the scientists showed that postmenopausal women consuming the most grilled, barbecued, and smoked meats faced the highest breast-cancer risk.
These data support accumulating evidence that a penchant for well-done meats can hike a woman's breast-cancer risk, Steck and her colleagues concluded in the May Epidemiology.
Such findings have been percolating out of the epidemiology community for years. Nearly a decade ago, for instance, National Cancer Institute scientists reported finding that women who consistently ate their meat very well doneâwith a crispy, blackened crustâfaced a substantially elevated breast-cancer risk when compared to those who routinely ate rare- or medium-cooked meats.
However, even well-done meats without char can contain heterocyclic amines, chemical analyses by others later showed. The compounds' presence appears to correlate best with how meat is cooked, not merely with how brown its interior ended up (SN: 11/28/98, p. 341).
At high temperatures, the simple sugar glucose, together with creatinineâa muscle-breakdown product, and additional free amino acids, can all interact within beef, chicken, and other meats to form heterocyclic amines. In contrast, low-temperature cooking or a quick searing may generate none of the carcinogens.
Because there's no way to tell visually, by taste, or by smell whether PhIP and its toxic kin lace cooked meat, food chemists have been lobbying commercial and home chefs to reduce the heat they use to cook meatsâor to turn meats frequently to keep the surfaces closest to the heat source from getting too hot.
The significance of this was driven home to Gooderham several years ago when just such tactics spoiled an experiment he was launching to test whether Brussels sprouts and broccoli could help detoxify PhIP. "I bought 30 kilograms of prime Aberdeen angus lean beef," he recalls. "Then we ground it up and I gave it to a professional cook to turn into burgers and cook." Professional cooks tend to move meats around quite a bit, he found. The result: His expensive, chef-prepared meat contained almost no PhIP.
In the end, he says, "I sacked the cook, bought another 30 kilos of meat and prepared the burgers myself. It was a costly lesson."
Once restarted, however, that study yielded encouraging data.
One way the body detoxifies and sheds toxic chemicals is to link them to what amounts to a sugar molecule. Consumption of certain members of the mustard (Brassica) family, such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts (both members of the B. oleracea species)âcan encourage this process. So Gooderham's team fed 250 grams (roughly half a pound) each of broccoli and Brussels sprouts each day to 20 men for almost 2 weeks. On the 12th day, the men each got a cooked-meat meal containing 4.9 micrograms of PhIP.
Compared to similar trial periods when their diets had been Brassica-free, the volunteers excreted up to 40 percent more PhIP in urine, the researchers reported in Carcinogenesis.
Experimental data suggest that two brews may also help detoxify heterocyclic amines. In test-tube studies, white tea largely prevented DNA damage from the heterocyclic amine IQ (SN: 4/15/00, p. 251), and in mice, extracts of beer tackled MeIQx and Trp-P-2 (see Beer's Well Done Benefit).
The best strategy of all, most toxicologists say, is to prevent formation of heterocyclic amines in the first place. In addition to frequently turning meat on the grill or fry pan, partially cooking meats in a microwave prior to grilling will limit the toxic chemicals' formation. So will mixing in a little potato starch to ground beef before grilling (see How Carbs Can Make Burgers Safer) or marinating meats with a heavily sugared oil-and-vinegar sauce (SN: 4/24/99, p. 264).
If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.
Janet E. Cade
UK Women's Cohort Study
Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics
30/32 Hyde Terrace
The University of Leeds
Leeds LS2 9LN
Department of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
181 Longwood Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
Nigel J. Gooderham
Imperial College London
Sir Alexander Fleming Building
London SW7 2AZ
Susan Elizabeth Steck
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Statewide Cancer Prevention and Control Program
Arnold School of Public Health
University of South Carolina
2221 Devine Street, Room 231
Columbia, SC 29208
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Infelizmente nem sempre o futebol traz alegria e emoÃ§Ã£o ao torcedor. Assim como qualquer outra atividade na vida tem seus momentos de tristeza e amargura, como o que vimos na Ãºltima semana em Port Said, no Egito, onde 74 pessoas morreram e outras centenas saÃram feridas apÃ³s uma partida pela liga local entre Al-Masry e Al-Ahly.
A histÃ³ria mostra, ao lado de triunfos e da euforia de equipes e torcidas vitoriosas, que os problemas dentro e fora dos estÃ¡dios sÃ£o bem antigos. Sejam por mÃ¡ gestÃ£o da organizaÃ§Ã£o do evento, estruturas precÃ¡rias, pela fÃºria desenfreada de vÃ¢ndalos travestidos de torcedores ou, simplesmente, por ineficiÃªncia da seguranÃ§a no local. E o fato lamentÃ¡vel ocorrido em solo egÃpcio foi mais um a entrar nas estatÃsticas do lado triste que o futebol tem â e que pelo visto vai demorar muito a ficar sem soluÃ§Ã£o, nÃ£o sei se por negligÃªncia das autoridades ou por falta de civilidade de quem frequenta esses locais.
Arquibancada feita de Ãºltima hora destruÃda em Bastia
Bastia e Olympique de Marselha iam se enfrentar pela Copa da FranÃ§a e a diretoria dos donos da casa resolveram de Ãºltima hora aumentar a capacidade do estÃ¡dio em 50%, tendo em vista a importÃ¢ncia do confronto. As autoridades locais aprovaram a nova estrutura sem nenhuma restriÃ§Ã£o. Momentos antes do jogo o novo setor jÃ¡ estava sendo tomado e nÃ£o suportando o peso do pÃºblico desabou matando 18 pessoas e ferindo aproximadamente outras 2300.
EstÃ¡dio Mateo Flores (Cidade da Guatemala/GUA) â 16 de outubro de 1996
En lo asistencial exigimos de entrada un nÃºmero de camas para los indigentes. AsÃ, cientos de pacientes fueron operados sin cargo alguno. La mayorÃa de nuestros pacientes provenÃan de las obras sociales. El sanatorio tenÃa contrato con las mÃ¡s importantes de aquel entonces. La relaciÃ³n con el sanatorio fue muy clara: los honorarios, provinieran de donde provinieran, eran de nosotros; la internaciÃ³n, del sanatorio (sin duda la mayor tajada).
Nunca permitÃ que se tocara un solo peso de los que no nos correspondÃa.
A pesar de que los directores aseguraban que no habÃa retornos, yo conocÃa que sÃ los habÃa. De vez en cuando, a pedido de su director, saludaba a los sindicalistas de turno, que agradecÃan nuestro trabajo.
Hace muchÃsimos aÃ±os debo escuchar aquello de que Favaloro no opera mÃ¡s! Â¿De dÃ³nde proviene este infundio?. Muy simple: el pacientes es estudiado.. ConclusiÃ³n, su cardiÃ³logo le dice que debe ser operado. El paciente acepta y expresa sus deseos de que yo lo opere. 'Pero cÃ³mo, usted no sabe que Favaloro no opera hace tiempo?'. 'Yo le voy a recomendar un cirujano de real valor, no se preocupe'. El cirujano 'de real valor' ademÃ¡s de su capacidad profesional retornarÃ¡ al cardiÃ³logo mandante un 50% de los honorarios!
Varios de esos pacientes han venido a mi consulta no obstante las 'indicaciones' de su cardiÃ³logo. 'Â¿Doctor, usted sigue operando?' y una vez mÃ¡s debo explicar que sÃ, que lo sigo haciendo con el mismo entusiasmo y responsabilidad de siempre. Muchos de estos cardiÃ³logos, son de prestigio nacional e internacional.
Concurren a los Congresos del American College o de la American Heart y entonces sÃ, allÃ me brindan toda clase de felicitaciones y abrazos cada vez que debo exponer alguna 'lecture' de significaciÃ³n. AsÃ ocurriÃ³ cuando la de Paul D. White lecture en Dallas, decenas de cardiÃ³logos argentinos me abrazaron, algunos con lÃ¡grimas en los ojos. Pero aquÃ, vuelven a insertarse en el 'sistema' y el dinero es lo que mÃ¡s les interesa.
La situaciÃ³n actual de la FundaciÃ³n es desesperante, millones de pesos a cobrar de tarea realizada, incluyendo pacientes de alto riesgo que no podemos rechazar. Es fÃ¡cil decir 'no hay camas disponibles'.
Â¿CÃ³mo se mide el valor social de nuestra tarea docente?
Es indudable que ser honesto, en esta sociedad corrupta tiene su precio. A la corta o a la larga te lo hacen pagar.
La mayorÃa del tiempo me siento solo. En aquella carta de renuncia a la C. Clinic , le decÃa al Dr. Effen que sabÃa de antemano que iba a tener que luchar y le recordaba que Don Quijote era espaÃ±ol!
Sin duda la lucha ha sido muy desigual.
El proyecto de la FundaciÃ³n tambalea y empieza a resquebrajarse.
Hemos tenido varias reuniones, mis colaboradores mÃ¡s cercanos, algunos de ellos compaÃ±eros de lucha desde nuestro recordado Colegio Nacional de La Plata, me aconsejan que para salvar a la FundaciÃ³n debemos incorporarnos al 'sistema'.
JoaquÃn V. GonzÃ¡lez, escribiÃ³ la lecciÃ³n de optimismo que se nos entregaba al recibirnos: 'a mÃ no me ha derrotado nadie'. Yo no puedo decir lo mismo. A mÃ me ha derrotado esta sociedad corrupta que todo lo controla. Estoy cansado de recibir homenajes y elogios al nivel internacional. Hace pocos dÃas fui incluido en el grupo selecto de las leyendas del milenio en cirugÃa cardiovascular. El aÃ±o pasado debÃ participar en varios paÃses desde Suecia a la India escuchando siempre lo mismo.
'Â¡La leyenda, la leyenda!'
QuizÃ¡ el pecado capital que he cometido, aquÃ en mi paÃs, fue expresar siempre en voz alta mis sentimientos, mis crÃticas, insisto, en esta sociedad del privilegio, donde unos pocos gozan hasta el hartazgo, mientras la mayorÃa vive en la miseria y la desesperaciÃ³n. Todo esto no se perdona, por el contrario se castiga.
Me consuela el haber atendido a mis pacientes sin distinciÃ³n de ninguna naturaleza. Mis colaboradores saben de mi inclinaciÃ³n por los pobres, que viene de mis lejanos aÃ±os en Jacinto Arauz.
Estoy cansado de luchar y luchar, galopando contra el viento como decÃa Don Ata.
No puedo cambiar.
No ha sido una decisiÃ³n fÃ¡cil pero sÃ meditada. No se hable de debilidad o valentÃa.
El cirujano vive con la muerte, es su compaÃ±era inseparable, hable de debilidad o valentÃa.
El cirujano vive con la muerte, es su compaÃ±era inseparable, con ella me voy de la mano..
SÃ³lo espero no se haga de este acto una comedia. Al periodismo le pido que tenga un poco de piedad.
My journey to Shatila Refugee Camp began many years ago. At the time I was working in Balatah Refugee Camp of Nablus in the Israeli-Occupied northern West Bank.
A refugee camp that suffered greatly due to the massive reooccupation of the West Bank. As the Jenin massacre occured during Operation Defensive Shield, Israeli forces cracked down
on Nablus city and its adjacent refugee camps, Askar, Balatah and al-Ain. Parts of the attrocities, that can only be described as a massacre went unseen due to massive focus on Jenin and other areas of the West Bank.
And as the tanks, helicopters, APC:s and F-16 attacked the city, only a few of us were preset to document the onslaught. As I arrived in the emd of the onslaught, Balatah Refugee Camp was target for daily attacks.
There amid the smell of blood, the dust and the debris I was constantly thinking about what happened in Shatila and Sabra. I promissed myself to visit the camps in Lebanon as well.
In 2005 I was arrested by Israeli authorities and denied access to Palestine for the upcoming 1o years, due to my involvement in peacefull activities against the occupation and solidarity with the Palesinian people.
By then I had witnessed more violations, killings and injuries than most people in our priviliged western world has witnessed during a lifetime, including myself injured in the chest during an invasion of the old city of Nablus.
As I was held in a tiny cell, humiliated and threatened daily I still felt privileged. I could at leave. Since my denial of entry came into effect I planned to visit as many palestinians as possible with a hope to visit Shatila and its residents.
That dream finally came true last year. As a photographer I travelled directly to SHatila Refugee Camp. I was welcomed by Mr Abu Moujahed, and his wonderful staff at the CYC, Palestinian Centre for Children and Youth that runs a centre for the youth in Shatila and Nahr-el-Bared Camps.
My home for bacame their guest house. A great oppurtunity for internationals to experience the camp and interat with its citizens. I quickly forgot the camera, most times I just interacted with the camp residents. I set up meetings with the Baker, Pharmacist, nurses, political representatives, survivors of the massacre, and enjoyed the time spent with the youth.
Sadly I had to leave, 3 weeks passed quickly. I am sure that I will return. Palestine and all Palestinians, world citizens and friend will allways prompt me to work and fight for freedoom. A freedoom that has been denied for decades.
I warmly recommend evryone to visit Shatila and stay the night at the CYC guesthouse. And undoubtebly upon departure I am sure your tears will fall, just as mine did.
Dear Mahmoud Abbas Abu Moujahed, Manar, Sabah, Marwa and all the staff at CYC, all the children and youth, internationals and camp citizens. I am with you at all times, and our reunification is not a matter of If, its a matter of When.
With love and hugs from Sweden.Your friend, Petros Tenezakis
In our neuro-centric world-view, a person is equated to his brain. The neuro-discourse has penetrated all aspects of our lives from law to politics to literature to medicine to physics. As part of this neuro-revolution, huge military funding is supporting neuro-scientific research; a huge body of basic knowledge on memory, belief formation, cognition and sensory modalities has been gathered over years, with fieldslike social neuroscience, cultural neuroscience, neuroeconomics and neuromarketing has emerging to improve our lifestyle; neurotechnological know-how from wireless non invasive technologies to neuroelectronic interfaces is exponentially advancing; and neurotechnology business reports indicates the rapid increase in neurotechnological start ups and the willingness of bringing neurotechnological products to the market. In my opinion, all the aforementioned indicators indicate that neurotechnology can be potentially used to control social dynamics.
A closed-loop acoustic stimulation brainwave technology significantly reduced symptoms in people suffering from post-traumatic stress in a small pilot study conducted at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. The study is published in the April 19 online edition of the journal BMC Psychiatry.
If youÃ¢ÂÂre trying to lose weight, what are your chances of success? Your brain may hold the key. Scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center believe they may have found a way to predict who will be successful in their weight-loss efforts with a quick, non-invasive brain scan.
The forest patch in my Maryland backyard has always been a part of my life and is filled with fond memories. This patch is one of the last remaining outposts of nature amongst the rapid development in Frederick’s outskirts, cut off from its brethren.
Yet this small patch has been thriving for decades.
The forest undergoes wondrous transformations with the changing of the seasons. During spring every plant ardently strives to be the largest; every centimeter of their delicate foliage strains for the Sun. When summer arrives, schools of industrious minnows snatch insects off the surface of the gurgling creek. As summer wanes into autumn, the trees explode into a whirlwind of brilliant, dazzling color. Winter ushers in the end of the year as the slumbering forest is gently bundled into a fluffy white blanket. Birds of all species emerge from the trees and crowd my mother’s bird-feeders in a flock of color: cardinal red, junco gray, and sparrow brown..
But this patch is a mere scrap compared to the magnificent National Forests, particularly the untouched Roadless areas. According to the Forest Service, the 58.5 million acres of roadless forests are indispensible to wildlife as they tend to have older and rarer trees than non-protected areas. These forests provide irreplaceable ecological services to both people and wildlife. They keep our waterways clean, provide unparalleled recreation, filter our air, preserve our soil, sequester carbon, and more.
“Although roadless areas represent less than 1 percent of the American landmass, they serve as a reservoir of rare and vanishing values,” according to former Forest Service Chief Mike Dombeck. “They provide clean drinking water, habitat for fish and wildlife, abundant hunting and fishing, recreation opportunities, reference areas for research, and barriers against noxious and invasive species.” Roadless areas are also highly productive economically. In 1984 alone, roadless areas in Colorado provided over $60 million in recreation revenue to the state.
My great hope is that the U.S. continues to expand the roadless areas in light of their significant ecological and economic benefits. As a child, I took many creek walks with my mother and sister in our backyard forest. I can only imagine the splendor of hiking in a national forest.
quando la sinistra non va; quando ti ha deluso al governo, e sta anche per cadere (mi verrebbe da dire finire), puÃ² esser utile ricordarsi del centrodestra al governo, per capire che in fondo Ã¨ meglio cosÃ¬; che forse ci dovremmo accontentare; e che piÃ¹ di ogni altra cosa dovremmo salvare questo governo, fosse anche per il rotto della cuffia, fosse malamente, magari con un ribaltone.
ha finanziato la scuola privata; ha riformato la scuola malamente, con la coscienza di facilitare le private; ha facilitato il lavoro privato dei medici, anche se ospedalieri, aiutando il privato a scapito del pubblico nella sanitÃ ; ha reso possibile l'esplosione di universitÃ fasulle in tutta Italia ed ha consentito le lauree truffa con la conversione dell'esperienza lavorativa in crediti formativi; ha tagliato drasticamente la ricerca strafinanziando un centro di ricerca amico di Tremonti e lasciando che alcuni centri di prestigio non avessero nemmeno i fondi per pagare la bolletta elettrica; ha in breve facilitato in ogni modo il privato nei confronti del pubblico, e ci siamo sentiti dire che il modello da imitare (nella previdenza sociale come nell'istruzione e nella sanitÃ ) Ã¨ il modello statunitense. Quello statunitense Ã¨ un modello mostruoso, che nessuno (se non ricco) puÃ² pensare di volere. Nondimeno i voti il centrodestra li prende eccome...
ha detto che le tasse, se troppo alte, Ã¨ giusto non pagarle; ha condonato l'incondonabile; ripetutamente; ci ha ricordato che con la mafia ci si deve convivere; ha introdotto una quantitÃ di nuovi contratti atipici che hanno lasciato il via libera definitivo alla precarietÃ (dato che nel frattempo smantellava il welfare...); ci ha regalato (al grido di "abbassiamo le tasse") una finanziaria di rigore, con forti tagli ai bilanci ovunque ed un debito pubblico accresciuto; ha varato la Bossi-Fini sull'immigrazione (risultati zero, ingiustizia tanta); ha infilato nel pacchetto sulle Olimpiadi la Fini-Giovanardi sulle droghe, che ha ridotto le dosi di cannabis, ma ha aumentato le dosi di cocaina; equiparando un consumatore ad un criminale; ha gestito il G8 di Genova nel peggiore dei modi possibili sospendendo lo stato di diritto (basta vedere cosa dice in proposito Amnesty International); ha avvicinato l'Italia agli Usa spaccando l'Europa (ed allontanandosi da essa); ed ha reso l'Italia l'ennesima ancella degli Stati Uniti; ha avvallato l'invasione dell'Iraq inviando truppe altamente esposte al pericolo, per fornire aiuto agli Stati Uniti (esercito occupante ed aggressore); le Nazioni Unite sono arrivate dopo, non dimentichiamocelo;
serve altro?! Mastella, ti prego, fa il buono; Di Pietro, Dini, ve lo chiedo per piacere...
"Los Ã¡rabes de Palestina, tanto urbanos como campesinos, se vieron por primera vez solos y ante una colonizaciÃ³n judÃa que creciÃ³ de 12.500 personas en 1932 a 66.000 en 1935, cuando se intensificÃ³ la huida de la Alemania nazi.
El levantamiento, si bien fue disparado por los desafÃos y las inequidades ante el creciente enclave judÃo en el Mandato, tuvo una orientaciÃ³n abiertamente antibritÃ¡nica, ya que la Corona era responsable directa de este desequilibrio. Pero en su etapa final terminÃ³ siendo una verdadera guerra civil entre palestinos. La revuelta puso en serios aprietos a la administraciÃ³n del Mandato, que desplegÃ³ mÃ¡s tropas en la pequeÃ±a zona de Palestina que en todo el subcontinente indio". (p. 33)
"Para los israelÃes, 1948 fue el aÃ±o en que los judÃos ganaron la âGuerra de la Independencia' y crearon el Estado de Israel. Para los palestinos, fue el aÃ±o de la Nakba (el Desastre), el aÃ±o en que perdieron Palestina y su sociedad fue devastada". (p. 33)
Enciclopedia. Su nombre deriva de una lectura ligeramente errÃ³nea del original griego "enkyklios paideia", que significa "educaciÃ³n general". Ese nombre saltÃ³ del griego al latÃn, y de allÃ a casi todas las lenguas europeas, para convertirse, mÃ¡s tarde, en un sinÃ³nimo de "saber general".
Las enciclopedias constituyeron uno de los cimientos mÃ¡s firmes de las colecciones de referencia de nuestras bibliotecas. Y, aÃºn en un mundo dominado por muchos soportes digitales, continÃºan siendo el escalÃ³n inicial de cualquier investigaciÃ³n o acercamiento a una materia. Buen ejemplo de la importancia que tienen en la actualidad es el asombroso desarrollo y la difusiÃ³n de la Wikipedia, en la cual, bajo la direcciÃ³n de un equipo plural de editores, un conjunto aÃºn mayor de contribuyentes aporta conocimientos referidos a tÃ³picos de su especialidad.
Un proceso similar ocurriÃ³, hace siglos, durante la elaboraciÃ³n de la enciclopedia mÃ¡s famosa en el Ã¡mbito europeo: la de Diderot y d'Alembert. Su historia no estÃ¡ desprovista de curiosidades. PermÃtanme compartirla con ustedes.
Le Breton habÃa sido descaradamente estafado. Lleno de rabia, buscÃ³ a Mills y le propinÃ³ tal paliza (unos dicen que con una caÃ±a, otros que con un bastÃ³n) que el "traductor" presentÃ³ cargos contra el editor a las Cortes. Estas, tras estudiar el caso, dieron la razÃ³n a Le Breton, pues, de acuerdo a su juicio, la agresiÃ³n estaba "justificada por la incompetencia del agredido".
Lamentablemente, la mayorÃa de las grandes obras del saber islÃ¡mico âcuyos conocimientos fueron precursores de los "descubrimientos" realizados en Europa mucho mÃ¡s tardeâ desaparecieron bajo el peso de las invasiones mogolas en Bagdad, las Cruzadas o la conquista de AndalucÃa por los reinos cristianos hispanos. Mucho fue quemado y destruido. Solamente aquellos textos que habÃan sido traducidos al latÃn âdurante los siglos XII y XIIIâ en centros de cultura y saber como Toledo, Segovia, CataluÃ±a, Sicilia o el sur de Francia, pudieron conservarse para la posteridad.
El mismo Galeano afirma en la misma pÃ¡gina del mismo libro, en el texto titulado "Sur":
"Los mapas Ã¡rabes todavÃa dibujaban el sur arriba y el norte abajo, pero ya en el siglo trece Europa habÃa establecido el orden natural del universo [el norte arriba y el sur abajo]".
Galeano nos cuenta que la biblioteca imperial de PekÃn tenÃa, en el siglo XV, 4000 libros en los que reunÃa el saber del mundo. Seis libros tenÃa, por entonces, el rey de Portugal.
Cosas de la historia. Cosas de la memoria. Afortunadamente, las actuales enciclopedias virtuales permiten la existencia de versiones en chino, Ã¡rabe, ruso, griego, y tantos y tantos otros idiomas. Pero, por desgracia, los que sÃ³lo sabemos leer el alfabeto latino y un par de idiomas europeos tenemos que quedarnos con los artÃculos que nos cuentan todo desde este lado del espejo.
Vuelvo, para cerrar esta entrada, al principio. La palabra "enciclopedia" deriva del griego, y significa "educaciÃ³n general". QuizÃ¡s algÃºn dÃa tengamos una "generalidad" que abarque y tenga en cuenta a todos y a todo. Tal vez ese dÃa podamos aprender algo nuevo, diverso y realmente valioso. Mientras tanto, deberemos conformarnos con la "generalidad" de siempre.
The FAN Principle referred to in this lesson is looking at friends, associates and neighbours to help find information pertinent to the person we are researching. Common names can be a particular problem. I have the surnames SMITH and WARD in my husband's family and ROBERTS in mine. However some surnames can be a problem in particular localities as many are what we call locational surnames and were adopted from the place where the family lived when surname usage started. I have recently started a One Name study of the surname ROSLING and I shall use an example from this. The origins of the family I have been researching appear to be in Lincolnshire, England, as far as the current level of research in the UK has shown. (My research is at an early stage and earlier records may uncover different origins as I am aware of this surname elsewhere in Europe and it could have been introduced to Lincolnshire from an early invasion) The name Peregrine Rosling would not be considered to be a difficult name to research as both first and surname are not common. However if you know the family the first name Peregrine is one that has been used by several generations.
This shows the results of a general search for this name at Find My Past
Peregrine Rosling born in Swinstead, Lincolnshire, England has been particularly problematic to follow.There are 2 persons who show on the census records with the same year and place of birth.
How do I distinguish who belongs to which family?
I have looked at the other census records
This Peregrine has a wife Eliza who was born in Morton Lincolnshire and appears to be living in the same house with Ann and Edward Rosling could they be close relations.
This Peregrine has a James Mettam widower living with him and his wife Elizabeth he is described as Father of Peregrine and Elizabeth was born in Swinstead. Was his wife Elizabeth Mettam?
The registers held at Lincolnshire Archives have been scanned and digital images are now available to view on the Find My Past website.
Looking at the Baptisms for the parish of Swinstead this is what I have found
Page 18 No 143 13 Feb 1825 Peregrine son of Peregrine and Ann Rosling Swinstead Labourer
Page 17 No 136 27 June 1824 Peregrine son of Robert and Sarah Rosling Swinstead Farmer So the first Peregrine could be the son of Peregrine and Ann Rosling? What was his wife's maiden name? It is likely that both marriages were registered in the Bourne registration district as all these birthplaces and residences are in this district. Fortunately Lincolnshire has had many of the marriages transcribed and the indexes can be downloaded. (This link may not be working but I have a copy I downloaded) I have extracted those of interest and they can be found here. So how do I confirm I have the correct Peregrine in each family as I now have 3 of them marrying in Swinstead within 10 years. Can I find the one who married in 1846 in the 1851 census and where his wife was born.
So I have discovered the maiden name for each wife and where the wife was born. Each Peregrine had a father with a different first name so I can now have more confidence that I connect each of them and any descendants to the correct family.
Birthplace of Spouse
First name of Father
Name of Spouse Father
13 Feb 1825
27 June 1824
When I have done more work on my one name study I will be able to piece together more about how these families are related. The older Peregrine has not been found in the register of baptisms for Swinstead.
I have started to explore other parish records for this area for information.
Every piece of the puzzle is important to ensure we are looking at the right person in that record.
I have further work to do so that I can discover more about the family of Ann the wife of Peregrine and mother of the younger Peregrine. Having discovered her maiden name and birthplace I find there are at least 2 possibilities for her baptism. Determining who the possible siblings are and what happened to them may help me discover which baptism and family are most likely to be her. I suspect this will involve a lot more analysis of what the records show and I may need to work with unfamiliar records but understanding the importance of who is in the community will help me pull together the clues.
A new study seems to suggest that couples suffering from infertility should not waste their time or money on less invasive fertility treatments, but instead should con sider going straight to in-vitro fertilization:
So it makes sense that some researchers are pushing to skip the middle step and go straight to IVF when the first-round effort fails. In a study presented last month at the annual meeting of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, doctors from Dartmouth Medical School and Boston IVF concluded that women who were fast-tracked to IVF got pregnant three months faster on average, and spent $10,000 less than those who went through the usual preliminaries.
Considering how many couples I know who tried most or all of the less invasive treatments before finally being successful with IVF, this study would seem to be recommending the exact opposite approach. What's particularly interesting is that I had a conversation with a close friend regarding the halachic parameters of fertility treatments, and her halachic authority was definitely recommending that she and her husband try other treatments before approaching IVF, and seemed to treat IVF as pretty much a last resort (short of treatments such as surrogacy and sperm/egg donors, which can raise more complicated halachic questions). One of the reasons seemed to be a psychological - that the couple should not pull out all the stops treatment-wise, and then be dejected if the holy grail of fertility treatments doesn't show immediate results. While I can understand the motivations behind that, this study would seem to show that such waiting, considering the lower rate of success from the less involved treatments, might be more of a cruel and unusual psychological punishment in and of itself, as the article notes:
Shorter waits bring welcome psychological relief. One study claimed that women going through infertility treatment were as distressed as women diagnosed with cancer, heart disease, or HIV. Fast-tracking can mean fewer episodes of dashed hopes. That could lead to less depression, anxiety, and stress, which hurts marriages and, some claim, may lower one's chances of conceiving.
Another reason seemed to be because her Rav was concerned about the supposed higher rates of multiple births with IVF, and the fact that such multiple pregnancies entail a higher risk for both mother and children - however, that IVF does have a higher propensity for multiple births seems to be disproved from the study noted above.
The first is the potential to prevent higher-order multiple birthsâtriplets, quadruplets, and beyond, which carry a greater risk to the mother's and babies' health. Women who get pregnant from injections with insemination face a 10 percent to 15 percent chance of carrying litters because the drugs can make them release six or more eggs. There's no way to control how many get fertilized. With IVF, by contrast, doctors create embryos in a lab and choose how many to transfer back to the womb, bringing the risk of triplets and beyond down to 2 percent to 4 percent. (The odds of conceiving triplets naturally are between 1 in 6,000 and 1 in 8,100.) That IVF figure is likely to decline further as doctors increasingly transfer fewer embryos.
So the question is, will the halachic recommendations change as a result of these findings, as the medical recommendation is hopefully going to - if they haven't already? Feel free to chime in with your experience as to whether halachic guidance given to infertile couples jibes with this medical recommendation to fast-track IVF. Though I know a few people who received halachic guidance to wait on IVF until other treatments have been tried, I know of at least one friend, living in Israel, who received a psak to go straight to IVF - but that obviously might have been complicated by her specific situation. So I'd love to hear some weighing in - anecdotal though it might be - on what seems to be the halachic consensus at this moment.
More on halacha and infertility here, from the indefatigable Chana's excellent notes from a medical ethics conference she attended at YU.
The dreadful Obazy lurches to his feet. The cameras are bright and hot, but he maintains a smug smile. He can?t let his zombie blood show through, it is too soon for the public to know that he is half human and half zombie.
With practiced calm he walks to the podium focusing on maintaining his composure in front of the cameras. His mind is blank awaiting the teleprompter to give him the words he will speak.
?I would like to welcome Mr. Obazy to our great country. Here in Russia we have long believed that socialism is the path that leads to??
The president of Russia leans toward Obazy, and speaks imperfect English.
?You are reading my speech.?
Obazy looks at him, with a blank stare, before looking back to the teleprompter.
?leads to communism. I would like to add that Mr. Obazy.?
The Russian president looks up to the ceiling as he realizes Obazy is clueless. In that instant he realizes America is ripe for an invasion.
Per Luca ed Anna che sono appena arrivati su questo pianeta e per le loro mamme Francesca e Cecilia, due appassionate educatrici.
Nel mondo in cui siamo, mondo che spesso sembra girare "a rovescio", mancano sempre piÃ¹ validi riferimenti, bussole e segnavia che possano guidarci nel cammino. La meraviglia dei bambini, il loro desiderio di amare senza calcoli, guardare e ascoltare senza pretesa o arroganza, Ã¨ oggettivamente e non idealmente una medicina per adulti sempre piÃ¹ disorientati. Abbandoniamoci a questa magia...
C'era una volta
un signore alto alto e magro magro. Viveva solo in una casetta piccola piccola in cima ad una montagna circondata da un bosco. La montagna era tanto alta che quasi toccava il cielo e da lÃ¬ si vedeva tutto il mondo. Spesso se ne stava in giardino a suonare un'armonica.
Nel castagno di fianco alla casetta aveva costruito la sua tana uno scoiattolo saggio, che spesso andava a cena dal signore alto alto e magro magro.
Un giorno il signore alto alto, dopo aver mangiato e bevuto del vino rosso, fece una domanda al suo amico scoiattolo che se ne stava su un ramo: - Cosa vedi dalla cima del tuo castagno, amico mio? - Vedo un mondo alla rovescia, dove le cose invece che andare avanti vanno indietro, e dove quel che sta sotto dovrebbe star sopra e quel che sta sopra dovrebbe star sotto. - disse lo scoiattolo. - Mmmh, sempre peggio vero? - Disse il signore alto alto e magro magro. - Sempre peggio, avanti cosÃ¬ non si puÃ² andare, l'unica Ã¨ sgranocchiarsi qualche nocciola. - Bisogna fare qualcosa, tu pensi che sia l'ora della magia? - Penso sia l'ora della magia - disse lo scoiattolo.
Era un'epoca strana quella. I pesci del mare nuotavano fra le nuvole e gli uccelli volavano negli abissi degli oceani. Chi era sopra stava sotto e chi era sotto stava sopra.
Le foche giocavano in cielo e le balene sguazzavano per aria come enormi mongolfiere. Tutto sembrava essersi rovesciato ed i funghi crescevano sulle spiagge.
Gli uomini vivevano sott'acqua ed erano diventati strani. Le mamme sorridevano poco ed i papÃ erano sempre seri, a volte arrabbiati ed a volte stanchi: avevano gli occhi da pesci lessi.
I delfini poveretti si rovinavano invece le pinne impigliandosi fra gli alberi e le tartarughe di mare si perdevano fra le nuvole o nella nebbia: c'era una gran confusione in cielo.
In fondo al mare, a parte gli uomini che si erano intristiti, c'erano uccelli che andavano a sbattere contro gli scogli, aquile insabbiate, falchi stanchi di acqua e sale.
Il signore magro magro allora prese una decisione. Si alzÃ² da tavola, aprÃ¬ un armadio giallo e prese una grande lampadina blu. La prese fra le mani ed iniziÃ² a guardarla.
GuardÃ² fuori dalla finestra vide che il cielo era grigio e la terra stanca. - Allora hai deciso di fare il grande passo? - Chiese lo scoiattolo saggio. - SÃ¬, ho deciso, adesso svito la lampadina bianca e avviterÃ² la lampadina blu, e speriamo che la magia arrivi in fretta. - Per tutte le nocciole del mondo, certo che arriverÃ : Ã¨ la nostra ultima speranza per sistemare le cose!
Si era fatta sera e la stanza diventÃ² buia. Per un attimo fu indeciso sul da farsi. - Hai perso il coraggio? DomandÃ² lo scoiattolo. - No, ma lo sai anche tu che la magia blu Ã¨ la magia delle magie, e non vorrei che qualcosa andasse storto. ProseguÃ¬ avvitando la grande lampadina che aveva tenuto fino a quel momento fra le mani. La luce blu riempÃ¬ la stanza improvvisamente. Era un blu intenso, un blu di mare profondo e allo stesso tempo di cielo a primavera. Il blu della lampadina era tanto bello, tanto grande e tanto intenso che, magia delle magie, iniziÃ² ad uscire dalla porta e dalla finestra e pian piano riempÃ¬ tutta la strada che portava alla montagna e il bosco che la circondava, il cielo lÃ¬ vicino e tutti i campi intorno. In poche ore tutto era diventato di un blu bellissimo. I due uscirono dalla casetta. - La magia Ã¨ iniziata. - Io torno sul mio albero, cosa ne dici, ci vediamo per cena, cosÃ¬ facciamo il punto della situazione? - Buona idea. - Disse l'uomo alto alto e magro magro.
Il grande blu scese a valle e dopo aver riempito il cielo, riempÃ¬ anche la terra, entrÃ² fin dentro le tane dei conigli e avanti avanti si infilÃ² nei fossi di campagna e nel fiume, fra le canne ed i sassi, dentro alle cascate e sotto ai moli dei pescatori, e poi oltre dove la terra diventa sabbia e si apre sul mare.
Il blu cambiÃ² il colore delle onde e si infilÃ² fin dentro agli abissi, dove vivevano gli uomini nelle loro cittÃ sommerse. Tutto, tutto, ma proprio tutto, era diventato blu.
Lo scoiattolo si arrampicÃ² fino in cima al suo castagno. - Allora come sta andando? Cosa vedi da lassÃ¹? - Direi che ormai ci siamo, vedo blu ovunque e ha invaso ogni cosa. - Disse lo scoiattolo - Sta funzionando la magia? - Non riesco ancora a capirlo.... - Disse lo scoiattolo.
Ormai il blu aveva invaso ogni cosa ed i due amici decisero di spegnere quella luce, che aveva riempito tutto il mondo. Tutto rimase ancora una al buio.
Nel nero piÃ¹ nero l'uomo alto alto e magro magro disse una formula magica:
- Metti sotto quel che Ã¨ sopra e metti sopra quel che Ã¨ sotto e fallo subito in un BOTTO!
Passarono 7 lunghissimi minuti, poi come d'incanto si affacciÃ² in cielo un bel sole giallo pieno di colori.
Lo scoiattolo rimessosi in piedi corse sull'albero e si mise a scrutare la terra ed il cielo. Era tutto un turbinio di mille colori. - Per adesso non vedo niente. - Niente niente? - Disse l'uomo alto alto e magro magro. - Niente di niente â¦ anzi, aspetta, vedo qualcosa laggiÃ¹ in cielo!! - Cos'Ã¨? - E' un falco amico mio! La magia Ã¨ riuscita! Gli uccelli sono tornati in cielo! UrrÃ , UrrÃ ! - Vedi anche il mare dal tuo castagno? - Vedo anche il mare e tutti i pesci sono tornati in acqua,anche la balena! - Disse lo scoiattolo - E gli uomini? Gli chiese l'altro. - Gli uomini? Sono tornati sulla terra e le loro case non sono piÃ¹ acquari tristi, anzi le persone si parlano e SORRIDONO !!!
- Evviva ce l'abbiamo fatta! Ogni cosa Ã¨ tornata al suo posto!
L'uomo alto alto e magro magro pensÃ² alla magia del blu del cielo, del mare e al blu del fiume che attraversava la terra e sorrise contento, pensando anche a tutti i colori dell'arcobaleno.
Si affacciÃ² alla finestra e disse allo scoiattolo saggio: - Amico mio vieni da me per cena?
- Certo! Dobbiamo far una grande festa e inviteremo gli animali di tutta la foresta!
Un libeccio testardo ha invaso lâestate, ripulendo il cielo dal fango dellâafa e spazzando via un velo di nuvolaglia lattiginosa per far posto ad un azzurro denso. Caldo secco di sabbia e lucertole. Passeggia in collina con vestiti leggeri mentre la luce allaga ogni cosa e i campi di grano si concedono ad un giallo brillante. La polvere tace, una libellula azzurra si ferma un attimo e schizza via.
Allunga lo sguardo: la linea dellâorizzonte Ã¨ tagliata con esattezza, grandi querce marcano i confini fra i poderi. Muretti a secco hanno giÃ visto tutto. Si ascolta e ascolta la solitudine. Nellâintimo pare fatta o per crollare rovinosamente o per dirsi con eccitazione e sussiego, come se quel che Ã¨ e quel che sente, adesso in questo preciso momento, abbia le valenze di una fortezza da espugnare.
Intanto scatta immagini a raffica, fra campi di grano maturi e fossi in collina. C'Ã¨ anche un appezzamento di mais e le cicale riempiono ogni spazio in un discorso incomprensibile. Chi effettivamente abita questa fortezza? Se la fortezza Ã¨ una rete di relazioni, abbracci, sapori e parole sussurrate, sognate o avvelenate, di intrecci e legami incisi nella carne, nel sangue e in altro ancora, chi Ã¨ lâabitante?
Chi sei? Che salto devo fare per venirti incontro? Possiamo esser certi che abitante e fortezza siano la stessa cosa? Sente dei brividi lungo la schiena.
Quando ha questo genere di dubbi scatta le fotografie migliori.
Que la gramÃ¡tica generativa de Noah Chomsky, con traducciÃ³n simultÃ¡nea a un hermoso idioma visual que parece inspirado en una versiÃ³n mutante de los dibujos del test de Rorschach, sea el centro de gravedad de 'La llegada' es cuando menos sorprendente. La hipnÃ³tica melancolÃa de la pelÃcula de Denis Villeneuve cristaliza, en su primer tramo, en una sensaciÃ³n de extraÃ±amiento que ya estaba presente en 'Enemy' (2013). Es admirable el modo en que el cineasta se acerca a la ciencia-ficciÃ³n, desde una puesta en escena calculadamente perturbadora, que trabaja el espacio fÃlmico con inteligencia y no teme lanzarse a la piscina sin red (esos alienÃgenas pulposos).
La llegada se articula alrededor del personaje de Louise, cuyo punto de vista es el que adoptamos como espectadores de principio a fin. A partir de ahÃ, pensar, a tenor del final, que Villenueve ha jugado con nosotros en algÃºn momento serÃa un error: en las primeras imÃ¡genes ya hay informaciÃ³n mostrada de manera sutil que da habida cuenta de ello. Y, entre medias, el relato de ciencia ficciÃ³n, la bÃºsqueda de un lenguaje posible para comunicarse con los extraterrestres, pasa por la evoluciÃ³n de Louise hacia el entendimiento de algo mÃ¡s profundo que los signos con los que los visitantes se comunican: una nueva percepciÃ³n de la realidad, del tiempo, que pasa por la ruptura del desarrollo secuencial para entender todo sin principio y sin fin, en un cÃrculo imperfecto, pero material. Villenueve persigue con esto, a partir del relato de Ted Chiang, crear un marco temporal que se ejemplifica en la estructura de la pelÃcula, sin un comienzo, quizÃ¡ sin un fin....(CINE 365).
Dog Flushies O problema de sacos plÃ¡sticos + cocÃ´ de cachorro acabaram! A empresa dogflushies desenvolveu um saco biodeagradÃ¡vel que vocÃª coleta as sujeiras do seu amiguinho, joga na privada, dÃ¡ descarga e pronto! O plÃ¡stico em contato com a Ã¡gua se decompÃµe em 10 dias! Perfeito!
Green Dentistry Se vocÃª acha que jÃ¡ viu tudo em green, certeza que nÃ£o pensou na possibilidade ter uma clÃnica dentÃ¡ria com prÃ¡ticas sustentÃ¡veis!
The first dentist to make a serious commitment to green sustainable business practices in San Francisco. Dr. Patel takes a unique approach to combine dentistry and conserve the environment, using non toxic products, reducing waste and being minimally invasive.
The shareholders of New Resource Bank have built leading Bay Area companies as well as leading green and sustainable businesses. They are part of the New Resource Community, which the Bank draws upon to tap broader networks and knowledge to serve its clients. Itâs the old fashioned benefits of a community bank matched together with an innovative bank.
Eco Haus Materiais sustentÃ¡veis para a construÃ§Ã£o da sua linda casinha!
TSdesign Quer silkar a camiseta? EntÃ£o utilize tinta 100% a base de Ã¡gua, camiseta feita 65% de garrafa pet, 35% de algodÃ£o reciclado, 0% de pvc e derivados de petrÃ³leo.
Crucial Hemp Uma empresa dedicada 100% a erva e desenvolve produtos a base de marijuana. No green festival havia infinitos stands de roupas a base de hemp, no entanto, somente a crucial vendia linhas feitas de maconha.
Adorei essas linhas para tecer! imaginem fazer crochÃªs com isso! demais!
Conscious Clothing Vestidos de noiva feitos a partir de seda de maconha. Ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh
La disertaciÃ³n se hace enfÃ¡tica, diciendo, que el pueblo a ese tiempo estaba en una situaciÃ³n de servidumbre. âEl pueblo es esclavo cuando el gobierno, por su esencia o por sus vicios, huella y usurpa los derechos del ciudadano o sÃºbditosâ
PrÃ¡cticamente el destino de la patria de la que tanto hablaba BolÃvar estaba en sus gobernantes.
âSe erigiÃ³ un gobierno democrÃ¡tico, federal, declarando previamente los derechos del hombre, manteniendo el equilibrios de los poderes y estatuyendo leyes generales a favor de la libertad civil de imprenta y otras; finalmente se constituyo un gobierno independienteâ.
En los archivos adjuntos te hago llegar tanto el programa, como el cartel, como informaciÃ³n para hacer la preinscripciÃ³n y matrÃcula. El plazo de preinscripciÃ³n termina el 8 de febrero, por ello, agradeceremos cualquier acciÃ³n de divulgaciÃ³n que se quiera hacer al respecto.
Para mÃ¡s informaciÃ³n no dudes en contactar con la FundaciÃ³n CRAM: firstname.lastname@example.org 93 7524581
BiologÃa de tortugas marinas. Problemas de conservaciÃ³n Perspectiva general de la ecologÃa y DinÃ¡mica de poblaciones de la tortuga boba (Caretta caretta). HÃ¡bitats y amenazas de esta especie en MediterrÃ¡neo.
AnatomÃa, FisiologÃa y Adaptaciones al medio de tortugas marinas CaracterÃsticas anatÃ³micas especÃficas de la tortuga boba del MediterrÃ¡neo. Adaptaciones evolutivas de estas especies para desenvolverse en el medio marino.
Necropsia de tortuga marina Taller prÃ¡ctico de anÃ¡lisis postmortem de una tortuga boba. DescripciÃ³n de los pasos a seguir, instrumental necesario y anatomÃa prÃ¡ctica.
BiologÃa de cetÃ¡ceos. Problemas de conservaciÃ³n IdentificaciÃ³n de especies, hÃ¡bitats y ecologÃa de los cetÃ¡ceos del MediterrÃ¡neo. DescripciÃ³n de las principales amenazas que afectan a su supervivencia.
AnatomÃa, fisiologÃa y adaptaciones al medio de los cetÃ¡ceos CaracterÃsticas anatÃ³micas especÃficas de los cetÃ¡ceos del MediterrÃ¡neo. Adaptaciones evolutivas de estas especies para desenvolverse en el medio marino.
Caso Prestige Protocolo de actuaciÃ³n frente a un vertido de crudo en el medio marino. Conclusiones extraÃdas de la experiencia prÃ¡ctica en el caso Prestige.
HematologÃa y prÃ¡cticas de laboratorio Taller prÃ¡ctico de analÃtica sanguÃnea e identificaciÃ³n celular en Caretta caretta. Alteraciones hematolÃ³gicas y su interpretaciÃ³n clÃnica.
Necropsia de un delfÃn Taller prÃ¡ctico de anÃ¡lisis postmortem de un delfÃn listado (Stenella coeruolealba). DescripciÃ³n de los pasos a seguir, instrumental necesario y anatomÃa prÃ¡ctica.
BiologÃa y conservaciÃ³n en Aves Marinas Perspectiva general de la ecologÃa y DinÃ¡mica de poblaciones las aves marinas amenazadas del mediterrÃ¡neo. HÃ¡bitats, amenazas e identificaciÃ³n de especies.
La recuperaciÃ³ de les aus marines El rescat, trasllat i condicionament dels animals. Maneig de les aus. AlimentaciÃ³. Normes de seguretat. ExploraciÃ³, diagnÃ²stic i tractament. Casos dâanimals tractats. Lâalliberament al seu hÃ bitat natural.
The Cardigan Bay Marine Wildlife Centre (New Quay, West Wales, UK) is seeking a Voluntary Assistant Photo-ID Catalogue Officer for the 2010 field season.
The primary purpose of our ongoing research, supported by Environment Wales and the Wildlife Trust of South and West Wales, is to monitor the marine mammal populations found within Cardigan BayÂ´s Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and beyond. Using non-invasive photo-identification techniques, we are endeavouring to establish the size and health of the population as well as reproductive and survival rates.
We need a committed volunteer to work at the Cardigan Bay Marine Wildlife Centre between April and October 2010.
- Main responsibility will be to assist with the cataloguing of the bottlenose dolphin photographs for the photo-ID purposes of the CBMWC, including matching individuals to previous year?Â´ images.
- Giving talks on the photo-identification work conducted at the CBMWC to interested parties.
- Co-ordinate and organise other volunteers participating with the photo-ID work at CBMWC, to tie in with the daily rota.
- Be responsible for training new volunteers in the analysis of photo-ID images, transferring images from memory cards to the Photo-ID computer and ensuring that all images are stored in the correct folders on the computer, e.g. week, date and trip folder and encounter folder if there is more than one per trip.
- Production of up to date procedures for all aspects of the photo-ID work in order that other volunteers can use them in order to complete any photo-ID tasks required of them.
- Ensure that all 2010 images and data are backed up on a regular basis throughout the season (external hard drive, DVDs or CDs) so that there is more than one copy in existence in case of computer failure.
- At the end of the 2010 season help to compile a photo-ID catalogue that includes images from 2009 and 2010 and information and data on what, where and when animals were seen.
There will also be the opportunity to assist with the boat and land-based dolphin surveys and help in the Visitor's Centre.
Desired skills and qualifications:
- Fluency in English (essential) - IT skills - Able to work well in a small team and independently without supervision - Willingness to work in a conscientious, responsible and reliable manner - Enthusiastic and hard working - An interest in wildlife and conservation - Experience working with the public, and public speaking would be useful - An interest and knowledge of British cetaceans would be an advantage - A background in biology, particularly marine biology/environmental science would be useful - Excellent verbal and written communication skills
The Voluntary Assistant Photo-ID Officer role requires a commitment of at least four months, including July to October. Preferably you would be able to commit for the entire field season April-October. Volunteers living locally who are available on a part time basis are also welcome to apply.
Accommodation and expense arrangements:
Basic, shared accommodation can be arranged for approximately ?55 per week. Volunteers are responsible for their own food, travel and accommodation costs.
About the Cardigan Bay Marine Wildlife Centre (Est.1996):
The Cardigan Bay Marine Wildlife Centre is a non-profit organisation dedicated to promoting public awareness of the marine species, habitats and conservation of the marine wildlife in Cardigan Bay through research and education. The group is affiliated to the Wildlife Trust of South and West Wales and supported by Environment Wales. The centre is in the heart of New Quay overlooking the beautiful beach and harbour. It is used as a base for our research and also includes our Visitor Centre.
Contact Laura on 01545 560032 or email@example.com Visit our website www.cbmwc.org
How to apply:
Please contact us by e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org to request an application form and further details.
Cardigan Bay Marine Wildlife Centre Patent Slip Building Glanmor Terrace New Quay Ceredigion Wales, SA45 9PS Ffon/Phone: 01545 560032 E-bost/E-mail: email@example.com www.cbmwc.org
I was recently asked to provide an interview about my experience teaching in Korea, my decision to move to Korea, stereotypes of English teachers in Asia, culture shock and cultural assimilation, EPIK, and some other general stuff about my experience teaching English in Korea. I thought I would go ahead and provide the interview here. I hope you find it helpful. There may be a follow up interview in the future, if so I'll post that as well.
----- Why did you first decide to move to Korea? Had you had previous experience? Did you know others who had traveled to Korea before deciding to relocate there? Please describe your decision making process.
My decision to come here was very circumstantial. I was working as a research scientist in the US and was dating a Canadian when my grant got canceled and I was out of work. We didn't have a good way to be together in either of our countries, and she had friends who had paid off significant portions of their student loans teaching in Korea, so we started looking into it. We considered Taiwan most seriously as an alternative, but in the end the ease of the offers in Korea -- airfare paid, apartment ready when you get here -- and the excellent pay (at that time, in 2005, the exchange rate was about 40% better than it is now) lured us here. I had one friend that had taught in Japan with JET and had a decent experience but left before the end of the year. I read a lot about teaching in Korea before I came, espeically on forums.eslcafe.com/korea, which presents a particularly negative side of teaching here, but we decided to come anyway.
----- Was the process of moving different than what you expected? What everyday difficulties, if any, do you encounter living in a foreign country?
The process of moving was very easy and more-or-less what I expected. The shock of landing in a very foreign country was intense. I had never been outside of N. America before, and Korea is very different than home. Jet lag was severe, and I remember on our second night there we went out to eat, at an Italian restaurant of all places, and after being out for an hour or two, my energy just plummeted. I didn't know how I was going to make it back to the apartment. I think our minds have a filtering system that keeps us sane by blocking most of the massive amount of information that constantly surrounds us. It filters that which is the same, usual, because we don't need to be aware of that. But suddenly in a Korean city, nothing is usual, so the mind is very easily overloaded. You ask about culture shock later, but let me say here, I think there are two seperate events that are labeled as culture shock, and they are very different. There is the experience I just described, which was very intense for just a few hours on the first few nights, mostly just lasted a few days and fades away entirely with a week or two. Then there is another experience that sets in around 3 or 4 or 6 months into living in a foreign culture, when the novelty has worn off, and things get really hard. I talk about this at length in a blog post, here.
----- I know there has been a stereotype of inexperienced Americans and Canadians going to foreign countries and working very briefly, using the job as a means to pay for a vacation. Do you think this is still the case? There also has been a history of foreigners being lured to countries like Korea (or Thailand) with promises of great jobs and money only to be met with disappointing living and working conditions. Has this practice changed? What opinions do you have regarding both sides of this complicated relationship between teachers and recruiters? Do you think EPIK has changed this in Korea?
I don't know how qualified I am to speak generally about this, especially since I haven't lived in Seoul, and that's where the vast majority of foreigners are (that was even more true before the government's recent push to put native english speakers in every public school in the country). But here are some thoughts.
Yes, people use it as a way to get away from home, as an escape. The reality is that living and working here comes with a huge load of challenges. I don't want to say it's harder, that would depend on specific circumstances at home and here, but it's definitely hard. I don't know a single foreigner here that would disagree with that. And while I think Korea rightly has a reputation for being particularly difficult, I've heard similar complaints about Thailand, Japan, China, etc.. So if this job has a reputation for being an easy way to take a vacation, I think that's undeserved. I think we earn every won we make.
I had read a lot about people showing up and being given moldy, rat-filled apartments. I think that has always been a tiny, if highly vocal, minority, and even more so now as the arrangement has become more widespread and communication between foreigners living here and thinking about coming here has increased. That said, people definitely do get screwed from time to time. Hagwons, the private, after-school tutoring centers that outside of EPIK employ almost all of the foreign English teachers, are intensely for-profit, and every won saved on a foreigner is a won of profit for the owner. I worried a lot about what would happen at the end of my hagwon contract, because at the end of a contract foreigners generally receive a month's pay, a bonus month's pay called severance, approximately a month's pay from contributions the boss should have been making each month to the national pension fund that can be withdrawn as a lump sum by foreigners leaving the country, and return airfare home. That adds up to about 7 million won for most foreigners. In the end, I did get nearly everything I was owed, with a hundred thousand or two won, but I felt like if the boss had thought he could have pushed me around, he probably would have.
Recruiters are driven by profit motivation too, and they understand how few recourses a foreigner has once they have moved here. So I think it's terribly important for foreigners to get references for their recruiter and their hagwon before they sign a contract. With EPIK this is much less true because the contract is standardized and there isn't the same profit motivation present in public schools. EPIK is far from perfect, and there are plenty of complaints among my friends and I about the program, but it is much more secure than a hagwon gig.
----- Have you experienced significant "culture shock" as a foreigner in Korea?
Yes, see answer 2.
----- To what degree do you think it's important to assimilate to the culture you are living in?
Again, I'm not sure how qualified I am, because I haven't ever assimilated into a foreign culture. Note that the vast, vast majority of foreigners living here don't assimilate to any noticeable degree. I suspect those that have would say that it's both difficult and important. I think it's particularly difficult in Korea, because Korea has a history of fending off foreign invasions (surrounded as have been, historically, by empires: Japanese, Mongolian, Chinese, etc.) and that has informed their culture around the treatment of foreigners. For a more thorough treatment of this, see Korea Unmasked, which is written by a Korean. I think xenophobia is common here, as is fetishization of foreigners. Racism is, I think, less common, but prevalent as well.
On a lighter note, learning some simple aspects of the language: the "alphabet," food, numbers, taxi directions, etc. is hugely helpful, and new arrivals should learn that stuff ASAP.
----- I know EPIK views their native English speakers as assistants to the regular English teachers, do you think using native English speakers is beneficial when teaching English?
It's true that we are titled Assistant Teachers. What this means in practice varies widely from province to province, county to county, school to school, and especially from elementary to middle to high schools. My understanding is that in elementary schools foreigners are often treated more like assistants, with Korean teachers planning the lessons and incorporating foreigners to degrees ranging from not at all (I had one coteacher, who I taught 4 hours a week with last semester, with whom I would literally sit in a student's chair, in front of the class, facing the class, which he taught, and often not say a word. I eventually started bringing books into class and sat there reading.) to true coteaching, where the teaching role is passed back and forth. There are also situations in elementary schools where the Korean teacher feels embarrassed about their English in front of a foreigner, or is just lazy, and has the foreigner do all of the lesson planning and teaching. This can be good for everyone, if the Korean stays engaged with the class to keep Korean norms around discipline and respect in order. If, as many do, the Korean sits silently in the back of the class or even walks out, it can be very frustrating. It is extremely difficult to teach beginners of a language without a common language, especially children, with their constantly ambling attention. This alone is sufficient for me to recommend EPIK over hagwons to incoming teachers -- in EPIK you have a coteacher, in hagwons you don't.
I think it could be valuable to use native teachers, and in many cases I think it is. But the systems to make it properly and be of real benefit to the students haven't been put in place yet. This initiative to have native English speakers in every school is very young, and they are still learning how it should be done. So, as with the example I mentioned above, it often ends up being worthless for the students, and I think very frequently is of marginal value. I think a native speaker is most valuable as a teacher to advanced language learners, and those aren't primary and secondary students in Korea. With the right sort of co-teaching, I think it can be valuable. It brings a new pedagogy to language learning in Korea, which I think is sorely needed. I think it may be most valuable in diminishing xenophobia. There are now foreigners in every town in the country, and every student will grow up knowing at least 12 different foreigners. It's an extremely expensive cultural reform, but I foresee it opening up Korea quite a bit, and Korea has been a rather closed culture. When I left Korea last time, I took a ferry over to China, and the first Chinese person that I spent any time with told me that he thought culturally, "Korea is more [traditional] Chinese than China."
----- What are some of the benefits of teaching overseas as opposed to teaching in your home country? What are the negative aspects?
This is a huge question. I think most of the benefits come from living abroad, and after that working abroad, the actually teaching abroad, in my opinion, has marginal benefits.
For teaching, that it is easier to get into comes to mind. Anyone with a bachelors degree can get a job in Korea. It is also an easier job for most people, but this is balanced by it being harder to live and work here. The negative aspects of working here are primarily that you might not have much control over your curriculum if you teach in a public school, and you might not have much control over (or ability to communicate with) your students if you teach in a hagwon.
A lot is made about the potential to save money here, and I think it is misunderstood. A typical job here, and this includes probably 95%+ of the jobs here pays between 2.0 - 2.3 million won per month. In addition, your airfare to and from Korea is taken care of and apartment (minus utilities) is furnished and paid for. Income tax is much more progressively structured in Korea than in the US, so at these income levels, the tax rate is 3.3%, and in public schools there is a two-year exemption from even that. Health care is socialized and costs about 50,000 won/month for coverage and makes visits to the doctor/dentist/pharmacy extremely cheap. Add to that the fact that, outside of Seoul, there isn't a lot for foreigners to spend money on. Restaurants are cheap, public transportation is excellent, and most of us don't want to accumulate much stuff, because we have to get rid of it or find a way to get it home in a year or two, and desirable entertainment options are scarce. So, 2.2 million won isn't that much money (about $1600 right now) for a month's work, but some expenses are covered by employer, some are minimized by the policies of the Korean Government, and others just aren't present here.
The benefits of living and working abroad are significant, and I think under appreciated and misunderstood. Much has been made of President Obama having lived in many different cultures and his penchant for surrounding himself with advisors that have also lived in other cultures. People that have left their home for an extend period of time develop a different way of looking at the world. I think this comes from having the beliefs that are operant in your home society (which we don't notice because they are omnipresent) challenged. That leads people to have more nuanced perspectives that are less based on the beliefs that are instilled by our culture's stories. Leaving the culture you were raised in, even temporarily, is -- must be -- an eye opening experience. A friend asked me recently what made me come back to Korea when I had many grievances about my first year here. I told him that I felt like a transformation had started in my first year that I needed to continue and couldn't at home -- that by removing myself from the shared beliefs, common assumptions and homogeny of the society I grew up in, I was forced to look more closely at the people and events around me and deliver my own conclusions, because I couldn't rest on the beliefs I had picked up by osmosis at home. I also had to redefine myself, because those around me didn't see me through the same cultural lens I had always been seen. Those processes are extremely trying, and I think they are generates the culture shock that emerges after a few months of living in a foreign culture. Really living in a foreign culture is probably the only way to experience it. When one travels, one is not immersed in a culture the same way one is when they are, for example, working in a foreign culture. So that's a benefit and a negative aspect. I believe it is hugely important, and it's why I am here now in spite of the intense frustration and frequent loneliness. Well, that and student loans. And the food. And the proximity to Southeast Asia.
One last thing I'll mention is a certain sense of freedom that comes with living here. I think it is related to the redefinition I just wrote about at length, in that it comes from a lack of understanding between you and those around you, which comes from a lack of shared cultural stories/assumptions. But knowing that no one really gets you, and no one can, is frighteningly liberating. And not understanding what that 15 year old is talking about on her cellphone can be pretty nice too.
"Inception" is at once the best movie you'll see all summer, yet the most flawed as well. The movie boasts a wildly imaginative concept that's executed to near perfection from a storytelling point of view. However, the visual tableau in which the plot moves forward falls flat in a few places. The movie's ideas are intensely cerebral, but it lacks much of the necessary presentation to compliment it. At the very least however, this is a thought provoking and fast moving flick that is definitely guaranteed to kick your brain into overdrive for two and half hours. If "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" can claim the same, we'd be more than a little shocked.
The basic overarching plot is deceptively simple: it's a heist movie. Leonardo DiCaprio and a gang of thieves dive into the mind of a powerful industrialist in order to dissolve his energy company and thereby better the welfare of his competitors and humanity as a whole (hey, why can't we do this with BP?) But the way Leo accomplishes it and the manner in which it is explained and performed cinematically is what catapults this movie on to another level entirely. The movie unfolds on a level that we, as moviegoers, haven't had the pleasure of experiencing until now.
In order to pull off the heist, DiCaprio's character Cobb recruits various specialists and then plunges head first into the dream. The underlying science behind is left intentionally unexplained, which is OK with us--this is more of a fantasy movie than a sci-fi one. Cobb's plan is to plant the suggestion to dissolve his empire in the billionaire's head by plummeting into three consecutively deeper planes of his dream state and using the target's deep rooted father issues as leverage. Things go wrong when the team arrives in the dream to discover that the target has prepared for this mental invasion by "militarizing his subconscious" (best. line. ever.) and then the rest of the flick becomes a frantic scramble spanning around multiple layers of consciousness, some scenes constrained by gravity, some not. "We have to go deep" is a common refrain throughout the film, as Cobb's tenuous grip on reality grows shakier the deeper he travels.
Three nested levels of dreaming, unfold simultaneously at different paces, with characters running around about on each level. Each level's time progresses at a different speed. Absolutely nothing like this has been put on film before. Watching it all intricately unfold, crumble, and finally synchronize up again, we can't help but assume that Nolan played his fair share of three-dimensional chess in his younger days. The heist is absolutely brilliant, it occupies two thirds of the film, and the idea alone is well worth the $10 ticket price for this movie. Words simply can't do justice to the complexity that unfolds before your eyes. The movie is a testament to what cinema can convey.
The big problem is the visual execution. The gritty urban realism that director Chris Nolan perfected in his Batman movies doesn't serve him as well in a surreal movie about dreams. More than anything else, this is a movie about big crazy ideas, and either you're willing to forego normal cinematic conventions in order to get your brain tickled for two and a half hours or you're not. Rickey was cool with it, but some of you might not be. Don't get Rickey wrong, this is a terrific movie--easily the best of the summer, but it could've been even better if it took a bit more of an artistic leap.
At one point, Rickey said to himself, "hey, this is a dream, so why don't they just grow wings and fly around?" Sure, it sounds silly at first, but think about it. We're in the dream world here, so why not venture into the realm of the fantastic? When we dream, can't most of us do a little better than dreary Chicago in the rain? Isn't there more most of us could dream up than characters chasing each other around a dimly lit hotel? To it's credit, the movie pays scattered homage to other great dreamers such as Escher and Kubrick in many shots but when it comes to the third level of the mark's subconscious, a wintry snow scene, Nolan completely dodges the obvious shout out: Hitchcock and Salvador Dali's collaboration on the ski run scene in "Spellbound." Instead, we are bombarded with a James Bond style shoot out featuring fireballs and snowmobiles. Not quite as profound...
The obvious explanation for this restrained (and arguably unimaginative) take on dreams is that asking the audience to delve even deeper into the realm of the imaginary when they're already tracking three concurrent dreamlines is pretty demanding. Warner Brothers didn't spend $200 million to completely alienate their viewership and create more of an art house flick than a summer tent pole movie. We get that. Still, Rickey was ready to make the leap with them on this one and was left wanting when the visuals didn't match the trippy ideas the film traffics in.
But these are minor issues given the overall wonderment and awe this movie provides. And then there's the film's ending, which will probably go down in history as one of the most polarizing to date. "Inception" is very much a movie that asks you to make a decision about what you've just seen. Rickey's leaving this review purposfully light on spoilers, but for people who saw it, we'd love to discuss what you thought of the film's final shot in the comments section.
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I think that my houseplants are WAY too happy after a long summer outside. This nepenthes was almost touching the porch rail by the end of this week... and is currently grazing the living room floor in its temporary home on a plant stand:
I say temporary home because all of my houseplants are scattered around in random places, hastily brought in when the forecast for tonight dropped into the upper 30's.
I have no idea where all of these things are going to be able to overwinter...but I just cleared a path through the jungle kitchen and I think that means it's time to call it a night. Finding better winter homes for everything will just have to wait until tomorrow!
well i guess if you're going to get thrown out of the world cup final, it might as well be for head-butting someone in the sternum b/c they called your sister a 'prostitute'...zidane, i still got mad love for you, man - deserved winner of the "golden boot" award and still a gentleman in my mind.
as i watched the final at this bar on the beach, my mind raced through all the mileage, the laughs, the lonliness, the heat, the mercy from strangers, and the absolute stupidity i voluteered for. to see what i am talking about go to this site where a photographer took a series of pics during a moment when i was dared to jump over a shopping cart and then a couple of azzurri fans. the pile up in the end was celebratory, not retaliatory.
also, if you are interested in the iraqi situation before, during, and after the invasion, you may want to pick this book up by jon lee anderson ( new yorker writer, who wrote the conclusive biography on che guevara) - it is a fact-packed memoir of a journalist's ongoing experience in iraq before the invasion, during the war, and a bit into the occupation. most interesting is not only anderson's sensitive and mostly unbiased account of both sides, but the personalities that emerge from his relationships with ordinary iraqis trying to navigate life in a tyrannical dictatorship, invasion, and shaky future.
Oggi vi raccontiamo la storia di una via di MadridÂ (moltoÂ famosa) che prende il nome da unâeroina della guerra di Indipendenza: Manuela MalasaÃ±a, figlia di Jean Malasange e di Marcela OÃ±oro. Lâimmaginario popolare ha trasformato questa ragazza in uno dei simboli piÃ¹ conosciuti della lotta contro lâinvasione francese del 1808. Un simbolo soprattutto del 2 maggio, data in cui partÃ¬ la rivolta popolare, segnando lâinizio della Guerra di Indipendenza. Esitono due versione riguardanti la storia della giovane Manuela: La prima versione … →
Os do mosteiro de Saint-Gall mantinham uma escola de pintura e gravaÃ§Ã£o.
Em conventos alemÃ£es podiam-se assistir aulas em grego, hebreu e Ã¡rabe.
Os monges tinham devoÃ§Ã£o pelos livros e embelezavam os manuscritos, especialmente as Escrituras, com artÃsticas iluminuras.
SÃ£o Bento Biscop, fundador do mosteiro de Wearmouth (Inglaterra), mandava trazer livros de toda parte.
SÃ£o MaÃ¯eul, abade de Cluny (na FranÃ§a), viajava sempre com um livro Ã mÃ£o. SÃ£o Hugo de Lincoln, prior de Witham, primeira cartuxa na Inglaterra, explicou:
"Nossos livros sÃ£o nossa delÃcia e nossa riqueza em tempos de paz, nossas armas ofensivas e defensivas em tempo de guerra, nosso alimento quando temos fome, e nosso medicamento quando estamos doentes".
VÃdeo: a Igreja e as origens do Direito Internacional
Na altura, o mundo islÃ¢mico encontrava-se bastante avanÃ§ado em termos intelectuais e cientÃficos. Os autores Ã¡rabes tinham mantido durante muito tempo um contacto regular com as obras clÃ¡ssicas gregas (AristÃ³teles, por exemplo), tendo feito um trabalho de traduÃ§Ã£o que se tornaria valioso para os povos ocidentais, jÃ¡ que por este meio voltaram a entrar em contacto com as suas raÃzes eruditas entretanto âesquecidasâ.
A ciÃªncia que se desenvolveu nesse perÃodo Ã¡ureo da filosofia escolÃ¡stica dava Ãªnfase Ã lÃ³gica e advogava o empirismo, entendendo a natureza como um sistema coerente de leis que poderiam ser explicadas pela razÃ£o.
Foi com essa visÃ£o que sÃ¡bios medievais se lanÃ§aram em busca de explicaÃ§Ãµes para os fenÃ´menos do universo e conseguiram avanÃ§os importantes em Ã¡reas como a metodologia cientÃfica e a fÃsica.
Costuma-se dizer que os romanos eram um povo de orientaÃ§Ã£o prÃ¡tica. Apesar de maravilhados com as descobertas do passado grego, nÃ£o chegaram a formar novas instituiÃ§Ãµes que buscassem especificamente entender o universo ou o mundo natural.
RuÃnas do Foro Romano, centro da Roma Imperial pagÃ£
Entretanto, era comum encontrar compilaÃ§Ãµes resumidas das principais correntes do pensamento grego na lÃngua latina. Esses resumos eram lidos e discutidos nos espaÃ§os pÃºblicos da agitada vida social romana.
Mas entÃ£o os que se denominavam servos eram os descendentes dos antigos servos da gleba, sendo proprietÃ¡rios das terras que cultivavam, pagando aos nobres um pequeno imposto pelo fato de, outrora, tais terras terem pertencido Ã nobreza.
Os proprietÃ¡rios de terras, que possuÃam certos recursos, comeÃ§aram a construir fortificaÃ§Ãµes para se abrigar contra os invasores.
EntÃ£o muitos homens, que nÃ£o tinham condiÃ§Ãµes para se defender dos ataques dos bÃ¡rbaros, pediam licenÃ§a para se refugiar nas fortificaÃ§Ãµes daqueles proprietÃ¡rios, as quais constituÃam a forma primitiva do que foi mais tarde o castelo medieval.
Nada de sÃ³lido subsiste nesse mundo em que as forÃ§as vivas foram pouco a pouco esgotadas por um funcionalismo sufocante, onde o fisco oprime os pequenos proprietÃ¡rios.
Em breve estes nÃ£o tÃªm outro recurso senÃ£o ceder as suas terras ao Estado para pagar os impostos. O povo abandona os campos, e para o trabalho dos campos apela voluntariamente a esses mesmos bÃ¡rbaros que dificilmente sÃ£o contidos nas fronteiras.
Ã assim que na GÃ¡lia os borguinhÃµes se instalam na regiÃ£o SabÃ³ia-Franco-Condado e se tornam os rendeiros dos proprietÃ¡rios galo-romanos, cujo domicÃlio partilham.
Sucessivamente, pacificamente ou pela espada, as hordas germÃ¢nicas ou nÃ³rdicas assomam no mundo ocidental.
O Estado encontra-se distante e impotente, senÃ£o inexistente, cada um move-se por isso naturalmente em direÃ§Ã£o Ã Ãºnica forÃ§a que permaneceu realmente sÃ³lida e prÃ³xima: os grandes proprietÃ¡rios fundiÃ¡rios, que podem assegurar a defesa do seu domÃnio e dos seus rendeiros.
Fracos e pequenos recorrem a eles, confiam-lhes a sua terra e a sua pessoa, com a condiÃ§Ã£o de se verem protegidos contra os excessos fiscais e as incursÃµes estrangeiras.
Enfim esses prÃ³prios reis, cada vez mais desprovidos de autoridade face aos grandes proprietÃ¡rios, contribuÃram muitas vezes para a formaÃ§Ã£o do poder dominial distribuindo terras aos seus funcionÃ¡rios, para retribuir os seus serviÃ§os.
Quando os carolÃngios chegaram ao poder, a evoluÃ§Ã£o estava quase terminada.
Sob a pressÃ£o dos acontecimentos, o poder central tinha dado lugar ao poder local, que tinha absorvido pacificamente a pequena propriedade, e afinal de contas permanecia a Ãºnica forÃ§a organizada.
A hierarquia medieval, resultado dos fatos econÃ´micos e sociais, tinha-se formado a partir de si prÃ³pria; e os seus usos, nascidos sob a pressÃ£o das circunstÃ¢ncias, manter-se-iam pela tradiÃ§Ã£o. NÃ£o tentaram lutar contra o estado dos acontecimentos.
Desta formaÃ§Ã£o empÃrica, modelada pelos fatos, pelas necessidades sociais e econÃ´micas, (Citemos a excelente fÃ³rmula de Henri Pourrat: âO sistema feudal foi a organizaÃ§Ã£o viva imposta pela terra aos homens da terraâ (Lâhomme Ã la bÃªche. Histoire du paysan, p. 83) decorre uma extrema diversidade na condiÃ§Ã£o das pessoas e dos bens.
A diversidade provinha do fato que a natureza dos compromissos que uniam o proprietÃ¡rio ao seu rendeiro variava segundo as circunstÃ¢ncias, a natureza do solo e o modo de vida dos habitantes.
Toda sorte de fatores entram em jogo, os quais tornam diferentes as relaÃ§Ãµes e a hierarquia de uma provÃncia para outra, ou mesmo de um domÃnio para outro.
Os guardas suÃÃ§os continuavam, entretanto, submissos Ã s autoridades de seus cantÃµes natais, verdadeiros proprietÃ¡rios destas tropas que se reservavam o direito de recolhÃª-las quando bem entendessem.
10. This protection of Canadian rights and diversity did not emerge overnight. Back in 1971, the elder Trudeau declared the new Canadian multiculturalism policy.
11. Four years earlier, in 1967, Pierre Trudeau uttered these famous words: âThere's no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation,â when he decriminalized homosexuality in sweeping changes to the criminal code.
12. It took Canada until 2005 to legalize same-sex marriage, being the first nation outside of Europe and fourth in the world to do so.
13. However, while things were eventful under Pierre Trudeau they were also turbulent. He suspended civil liberties during the âOctober Crisisâ in 1970, when he invoked the âWar Measures Actâ after a provincial cabinet minister was kidnapped by separatist militants.
14. He also enacted the National Energy Program in the 1980s which effectively federalized revenues from energy resources in Alberta, creating long-term hostility towards the federal Liberal Party in the years to come in Western Canada.
15. Trudeau was also an antagonist to separatist ambitions in Quebec, delivering two fiery speeches, one in 1980, and another in 1995 to thwart referendums for independence.
16. All in all, the elder Trudeau served for 15 years but he wasnât the longest serving Prime Minister. That would be William Lyon Mackenzie King, who served for 21 years.
17. In second place was the founding Prime Minister, John A. Macdonald, who served for 18 years â and who also had a bit of a drinking problem.
18. When Canada was founded in 1867, there were only four provinces: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
19. In fact it was not until 1949 that the last province, Newfoundland joined Canada, and that was only after a barely won referendum.
20. Canada also has three Territories: the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavat, the latter being formed in 1999.
21. The country is extremely âbigâ, the second largest in the world with over 2 million lakes, among other things.
23. This may be one of the reasons why the U.S.-Canada economic relationship is the largest in the world, estimated to total US$630 billion in 2016 alone.
24. Close to 30,000 trucks cross the border every single day between the two countries.
25. While things are rosy today, it wasnât always so. During the War of 1812, the Canadas, as the British colonies were known then, went to battle with the U.S., ultimately burning down the White House on August 24, 1814.
26. War was quite frequent back then due to competing French, British, and American ambitions. After fierce fighting, the 1763 Treaty of Paris essentially gave the British control over much of French Canadian land.
27. In addition, one cannot forget that much of Canadian land belonged to the First Nations, who have been marginalized, ostracizied, occupied and colonized throughout much of Canadian history.
28. During Canadaâs first years, a group of people called the Metis who were ethnically mixed between First nations and European descent, rose up in rebellion, ultimately establishing a short-lived provisional government in 1870.
29. The leader of that rebellion Louis Riel was ultimately ranked as the 11th Greatest Canadian.
30. That battle was only one of many for the acknowledgement of the rights of First Nations. One of the worst stains on Canadian history was the residential school system that at one point put a third of all First Nations children under the care of the state.
31. Thousands of students died, and many more were subject to emotional, physical, and sexual abuse.
32. While today, people acknowledge some of these aspects of history, the fight is not over. One of the scandals that was a campaign issue for Justin Trudeau, was the plight of up to 4,000 missing or murdered aboriginal women.
Have you ever made a wish that's come true -- because you made the wish? Until now, making a wish, whether at the sight of a shooting star or when blowing out the candle(s) on your birthday cake or when breaking a wishbone, has not yet been scientifically proven to actually work, as far as I know. Yet, in the spirit of hope, I am making 10 wishes at the beginning of the New Year. And as is always the case, as a Muslim, I speak on behalf of 1.5 billion people. So here goes...
1. People no longer confuse me with ISIS.
My name isn't ISIS. It's not even Islamic State. In fact, the words Islamic or State are not actually in my extended name. Nevertheless, time and time again, I keep getting requests to respond to the group's actions. I swear, ISIS or ISIL or IS -- none of them are in my family tree; they're not some distant cousins of mine. In 2016, I just want people to stop confusing me with ISIS. I really don't know what ISIS is thinking and why they do what they do. It's not like the State Department is asked for comment because of the State-to-State connection. As a postscript, can ISIS stop using the word Islamic?
2. Muslims stop killing Muslims for being Muslim. Somewhere, along the way over the last couple of decades, Muslims started killing other Muslims for being Muslim in the wrong way, or at least took it to a whole new level. There's a whole ideology out there built around takfir or essentially "declaring Muslims as kufar or unbelievers" for failing an evermore peculiar litmus test. Imagine if death squads emerged killing Black people for not being Black enough. Originating in some of the philosophical exhortations by scholar Ibn Taymiyyah 700 years ago, the criteria by which you are deemed "takfir-ed" and permissible to be killed has reached insane if not idiosyncratic levels. It would be funny if the situation weren't so deadly. Even barbers were caught in the crosshairs and were being assassinated in Baghdad in the 2000s.
3. Death and destruction in the Muslim world have a timeout. From Yemen to Iraq, Libya to Somalia, and from Afghanistan to far beyond, civil strife is rife in too many parts of what is defined as the Muslim world. Autocrats, militants, extremists and terrorists, don't care who they kill: men, women, children -- everyone is fair game. I wish this would stop. Into this toxic mix, the last thing needed is more killing coming into these countries from the outside; the 2003 invasion of Iraq proved that. I wonder if Russia will hear that message?
4. We all get comfortable with the "other." What a difference it was in 2015 between Trudeau and Trump in the North American political cycle. The world needs more Trudeaus and less Trumps (Donalds that is). The fear of the "other" is starting to define Western politics and it is not just about Trump. The rise of right-wing political parties in Europe from Hungary to Denmark is a poignant reminder of the breadth of this phenomenon. Yet, outside the West this fear of the other also permeates and often dominates. In Turkey, we are seeing a renewed vilification of the Kurdish population. Further afield in Burma, the Rohingyaare cast as outsiders. In Malaysia, Christians are prohibited from using the Arabic word for God. And, in nearby Brunei, Christmas was simply cancelled. In some of the war zones in the Middle East, Christians are on the verge of disappearing. The world would be a lot better off if we weren't so afraid of the bogeyman of the other.
5. The Muslim world deals with its taboos. Speaking of an aversion to the non-orthodox, there's a whole set of taboos that many Muslim countries and societies need to start dealing with. A lot of them relate to sex. Sometimes the Muslim world acts like it has one big case of the cooties. There have been attempts by some to break through these restrictions. Wedad Lootah in the UAE comes to mind. Shereen El Feki's Sex and the Citadel is another. This is not an issue to take lightly, especially in societies where 60-70 percent of youth are under the age of 30. Bombarded by sexualized imagery from modern and digital media, these youth then live, essentially, in an austere second world that is their reality. More importantly and tragically, rape and sexual assault are simply not talked about; child abuse is an even worse curse hidden under the rug. Finally, at some point Muslim countries - and the clerical establishment -- will need to come to terms with the fact that gay Muslims exist.
6. Somewhere, over the rainbow, democracy and Islam go steady. Let's be honest, a lot of people have tried to set up democracy with Islam for a relationship. Sometimes it has been a surprise blind date (e.g. Iraq in 2003). Other times, it was a relationship that grew from blind passion (e.g. the Arab world in 2011). Often, the sparks of love eventually turn into animus and things quickly go south. In the Arab world, Tunisia is carrying - with some fragility -- the banner of democracy. Many Muslim-majority countries that used to be counted as democracies now suffer from authoritarian syndromes (e.g. Turkey, Malaysia, and Bangladesh). In other cases, democracy in its infancy quickly devolved into score settling or majoritarian mafias (e.g. the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt). Perhaps Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim country is our hope that can breathe life into this wish.
7. Averroes comes back in style. Averroes -- or Ibn Rushd -- was a man's man. He schooled his way into Raphael's The School of Athens. The polymath kept alive ancient Greek philosophy, paving the way for much of Europe's modern intellectual movements. Back in the day, in Andalusia, he was a big deal (Biden-style). And, why not? He vociferously argued for the co-existence of secular and religious thought in a posthumous debate with the Abbasid scholar Al Ghazali. Ultimately, Ibn Rushd lost the debate to the detriment of the Muslim world, but his arguments culminated with the work, The Incoherence of Incoherence, which I think would be a great riposte to all ISIS ideologues and their friends. If Ibn Taymiyyah came back, then let's bring Averroes back too.
8. Flying while Muslim is no longer a thing. They say that flying while Muslim is the new driving while Black. I guess if you're a Black Muslim, this really sucks, especially if you drive to the airport for your flight. So my wish maybe can be two-pronged: getting rid of both 'driving while Black' as well as 'flying while Muslim.' What is flying while Muslim? Well, it often starts with a casual stare or two from across the way. A timid approach then ensues: "Excuse me sir." This is normally followed by a more forceful: "Please follow me." It can then get quite aggressive, with clothes falling by the wayside. It normally ends with your belongings in disarray, your belt on backwards, and you fast-walking without turning back in the hope that no one thinks twice about you boarding your flight. Oh, and don't watch the news while on the plane. I hate flying while Muslim.
9. Trump presides over a Muslim beauty contest. Was 2015 the year of Trump? You have to hand it to Trump; he sure knows how to grab the spotlight. Unfortunately, he's used that spotlight to spew increasingly populist venom targeted at Muslims (and others). Maybe, we need to better appeal to Trump's core interest: beauty pageants. There are a few lists circulating online for potential Muslim contestants (for Men: click here | for Women: click here). Yet, I think we should make this a mipsters pageant and turn this whole thing on its head.
10. Peace comes to Syria. This Muslim (me) -- speaking on behalf of 1.5 billion people around the world -- has 10 wishes for 2016 but if only one of them came true it should be this one. No country has been more ravaged in recent memory than Syria. Hundreds of thousands have been killed as gangsters, terrorists, and dictators fight for supremacy. The surrounding region, instead of trying to promote a solution, has sent in weapons, fighters, and incitement. The world, instead of trying to mediate, has sought to settle old scores. All the while, the people in Syria live in lifeless limbo amidst daily death and destruction. If I had only one wish it would be that the violence in Syria would come to an end.
This wish list is non-exhaustive. I think I may have missed a few...
This article originally appeared in Syria Deeply, and can be found here.
On Aug. 2, 1990, a Saddam Hussein-led Iraq launched a bombing campaign and invasion of Kuwait. Part of the decision was the thought that the U.S., facing its own economic issues at home and a perceived passivity towards disputes in the Arab world, would not react with force.
Almost five months later, Operation Desert Storm, led by a broad international coalition under the direction of then President George Bush (who had secured a resolution from the U.N. Security Council), began with aerial attacks and ended with the capitulation of Saddamâs forces after just five weeks.
Two things became clear: that the U.S. would take decisive action to enforce peace and security in the region when a âred lineâ was crossed; and secondly, that it would be methodical in building a strong coalition.
The countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have been waiting for a similar moment from President Barack Obama on the Syrian conflict. After months of endless prodding, with only a series of half-steps coming from the U.S., the Aug. 21 chemical weapons attack near Damascus (allegedly carried out by the Assad regime) finally seemed to have pushed Obama to take robust action on Syria.
But initial urgency by the U.S. to act has since subsided, or so it appears. With the passing of each day, Saudi Arabia and Qatar are left increasingly in the lurch, waiting for Obama, wondering if the U.S. has reversed its approach to the region that was heralded by the Gulf War over two decades ago.
In 1991, when military action was mobilized against Iraq, it was done so under the auspices of a U.N. resolution. And while the Arab world was divided on the intervention, the six GCC countries, along with Egypt and Syria, were part of the armed coalition that was formed. Twenty years later, the situation is markedly different as the Arab world contemplates involvement in military strikes against Syria.
Outside of Saudi Arabia and Qatar, enthusiasm to participate in a military coalition is weak at best. While Jordan will have to be involved due to its reliance on both Saudi Arabia and the U.S. for economic support, Syriaâs other Arab neighbors, Lebanon and Iraq, have voiced staunch opposition to external intervention.
In an unambiguous statement, Egypt, under its new military leadership, also voiced its objections to âaggression in Syria.â Even the United Arab Emirates may not get involved without broad international legitimacy; unlike in Libya in 2011, this would constitute a military strike by Arab countries allied with the U.S. without any other legal or symbolic cover.
Obamaâs initial enthusiasm for military action, juxtaposed with his subsequent hesitation, has furthered the Arab worldâs reluctance to participate. Staunch Western allies like the United Kingdom have indicated a lack of desire to be involved, and it is still in doubt whether action would be approved by NATO or the U.N. In the current atmosphere, a broad coalition involving multiple regional actors is unlikely, especially from a military standpoint. Most of the âdiplomacyâ to build a coalition has so far been limited to public speeches by high-level U.S. officials, rather than effective diplomatic engagement in the region. It indicates to the Arab world that the U.S. is not serious about a response, and is itself perhaps buying time.
In Sundayâs Arab League meeting in Cairo, rhetoric was high. But it was clear that beyond Qatar and Saudi Arabia, the appetite for intervention had dissipated. Following two years of bluster, including countless meetings of the Friends of Syria, the moment for a decision finally came, and the U.S. blinked. The hawkish stance of the Arab League and even the GCC must, to Assad, have looked hollow. In the end, the statement by the Arab League called for âdeterrent measuresâ by the U.N., without calling for military or unilateral action.
While we may yet see strikes on Syria or the symbolic contribution of military hardware (like fighter jets) by Saudi Arabia and Qatar, the process has already overshadowed whatever the result may be. In many ways, whatever happens now in response will be far too little and far too late. All the while, the conflict in Syria will continue without any end in sight.
Cold and very grumpy trains refuse to leave their grit-platformed stations. Colder and grumpier commuters stand around Underground entrances muttering, but secretly happy to ‘work from home’. Little old ladies grudgingly turn up the thermostat and peer in horror at pavements that promise hip replacements. Double decker buses slide gracefully into turns. The Grenadier guards […]
Tirsdag aften brÃ¸d den lÃ¦nge ventede regn endelig igennem og det regner stadig :). Jeg kan nÃ¦sten hÃ¸re helt herinde i tÃ¸rvejr hvordan alle havens planter trÃ¦er og buske stÃ¥r og klapper begejstret med bladene. Da jeg tÃ¸mte regnmÃ¥leren igÃ¥r var der kommet 42 mm og der er sikkert kommet en god del i dag ogsÃ¥. Billlederne er fra i tirsdags og sidste weekend og er helt sikkert forÃ¦ldet.
Det hjalp Ã¥benbart med lidt omtale og brok i efterÃ¥ret, for nu blomstrer den fine iris for fÃ¸rste gang i mange Ã¥r. Jeg kunne slet ikke huske hvilken farve de havde, men den er godtaget.
Miss Bateman blomstrer sÃ¥ smukt bag vandposten.
Blomsterne ligger nÃ¦rmest i lag.
Pileurt og bjergknopurt er jeg ret vild med. Den lettere invasive pileurt skal justeres kraftigt efter blomstring, men det skal den jo hver Ã¥r, sÃ¥ den ikke kvÃ¦ler alt andet i bedet.
De fÃ¸rste blomster i den uÃ¦gte jasmin.
Siden billedet blev taget er den store busk/trÃ¦ sprunget meget mere ud.
Et par skÃ¸nne alunrod som klÃ¦der hinanden godt.
Tre deutzia i fuld flor.
Herlig hÃ¸neballe storkenÃ¦b.
De cremegule prÃ¦rieliljer er sprunget ud. De blomstrer senere og holder betydeligt lÃ¦ngere end deres blÃ¥ fÃ¦tre.
En stor del af smÃ¥planterne i drivhuset nÃ¥ede at blive plantet inden jorden blev for tÃ¸r. SÃ¥ nu er der ryddet op og alle spor efter planteskolen er vÃ¦k.
Resten af planterne stÃ¥r stadig og venter, men nu er jorden klar til at modtage dem.
Straks blev der en helt anden stemning i drivhuset og nu er det de spiselige planter der skal i focus.
Der stÃ¥r dog stadig noget smÃ¥kravl tilbage, smÃ¥ chili sÃ¥et i pÃ¥sken og en del klatrelÃ¸vemund som er gÃ¥et helt i stÃ¥ og sikkert ikke bliver til noget.
Ã rets stÃ¸rste frÃ¸ succes er helt sikkert chokolade cosmos, som jeg ikke har prÃ¸vet at sÃ¥ fÃ¸r. Nu venter jeg bare pÃ¥ lidt knopper sÃ¥ bliver de ogsÃ¥ plantet ud.
Den skÃ¸nne kinesiske engblomme jeg kÃ¸bte pÃ¥ plantemarked i maj, er super fin og det syntes sneglene desvÃ¦rre ogsÃ¥. Ãv altsÃ¥... jeg bliver sÃ¥ trÃ¦t, nÃ¥r jeg bringer endnu en sneglelivret hjem.
I hÃ¸jbedet bag drivhuset holder alium og pÃ¦oner boldfest i Ã¸jeblikket.
BlomsterkÃ¸rvel kan jeg simpelthen ikke stÃ¥ for.
Indtil i sÃ¸ndags stod Green passion, den sidste af de klematis der blev kÃ¸bt i april stadig i drivhuset. Nu har vi endelig fÃ¥et mere rionet hjem og manden lavede fluks et tÃ¥rn til den.
De nye blomster er dog ikke helt sÃ¥ grÃ¸nne som den fÃ¸rste, men meget charmende med de forskellig farver.
TÃ¥rnet er nok lige med det hÃ¸jeste, men let at klippe af hvis det bliver for underligt.
Nu hÃ¥ber jeg at vejrudsigten holder, sÃ¥ jeg kan fÃ¥ de sidste planter i jorden i morgen eftermiddag efter arbejde. Jeg trÃ¦nger ogsÃ¥ til at komme ud og rode i jorden og gÃ¥ pÃ¥ opdagelse efter nye blomster som er sprunget ud de sidste dage.
If you’re living outside of Asia and wereÂ hoping to import a CBHD player you’re in luck, online import retailer GBAX is allowing users to import CBHD players from the United Kingdom. For Â£ 259.99 ($414.54 USD) you get the following. 1 CBHD player 14 free CBHD discs (The Aviator, Blood Diamond, The Invasion, The Island, [...]
Left coast time travelers are about to set foot in the Big Apple. Sun Araw is gearing up for a big trip East and he's bringing the whole gangâ- The Sun Araw Band, DJMGG, Dream Magic and more. In addition to playing shows at 285 Kent( with D'eon, Matthewdavid and M Geddes Gengras) and Maxwells, the crew will also be throwing their infamous Where's Your Child? party night at Coco66, with Psychic Reality and Sex Worker playing live, and DJ sets by Sun Araw, DJMGG, Todd Pendu and more. The whole shebang kicks off the first week of June. Gear up with these mixes.
Blu-ray Review: 80âs Anthology Horror Classic NIGHTMARES
SHOCK reviews classic 80’s anthology horror film NIGHTMARES on Blu-ray.
In many respects, director Joseph Sargentâs 1983 anthology horror film NIGHTMARES is the epitome of the 1980âs. Specifically, the early 1980âs. What I mean by this is that the first few years of every decade belong primarily to the previous one and cinematically, this is ever evident. In the case of NIGHTMARES, we have in fact 4 small films that exemplify the kind of craft and macabre quality of the best of the 1970âs telefilms (specifically the work of Dan Curtis) with a dash of slicker, pseudo-MTV, rock video style. Both aesthetics work together to create this unpretentious piece of vintage terror that many of this critic’s generation did indeed see on TV…
And famously, in fact, NIGHTMARES started its life as a TV movie, specifically as 4 episodes of the 1981/82 anthology series DARKROOM; when the network deemed those particular tales too extreme for prime-time, the producers pulled them and glued them together without any particular rhyme, reason or connecting thread as a feature film. Because of this, the only thing giving the stories any sort of cohesion is the style of director Sargent,a perfectly decent, no-bullshit filmmaker who had previously directed tons of TV before helming the crackerjack thriller THE TAKING OF PELHAM ONE TWO THREE and then, a mere four years after this, literally jumped the shark with the legendary JAWS: THE REVENGE. But his work here is solid, stylish and tough throughout and really, the shot on glorious 35mm flick plays better today than ever.
The first story, âTerror in Topangaâ stars THE SENTINELâs Cristina Raines as a stressed out housewife who ducks out one night to get her nicotine fix, the same night that a murderer is reported to be on the loose. As she cruises around looking for a place to buy a carton of smokes, she becomes increasingly paranoid that the killer is stalking her. Some decent suspense and an appealing performance by the beautiful Raines (as well as an appearance by BLADE RUNNER star William Sanderson) make this episode work.
The second tale has achieved near mythical status in the small circle of fans who swear by NIGHTMARES; itâs called âThe Bishop of Battleâ and stars a young Emilio Estevez (years before THE BREAKFAST CLUB) as J.J, a punk-rock and video game addicted teen who hustles kids in arcades to get enough quarters to beat the holy grail of games, The Bishop of Battle. Breaking into the local game joint one night, J.J aims to beat The Bishopâ¦with unexpected results. No doubt Adam Sandler saw this film prior to making his recent comedy PIXELS but âThe Bishop of Battleâ aint to gag-fest. Itâs cool and scrappy, with a great turn by Estevez, decent pre-digital optical effects and great use of music, especially by punk band FEAR. A mini-masterpiece with a great script by Christopher Crowe (who wrote all but the final segment of NIGHTMARES).
A typically haunted-looking Lance Henriksen stars as a priest having a crisis of faith in âThe Benedictionâ. The troubled padre hits the road to find himself and instead runs up againts a ghostly truck that aims to flatten him. A moody blend of THE CAR and DUEL, this is an artfully made suspenser with a strong central turn by a pre-ALIENS Henriksen. Great climax too.
The final tale (tail?) is NIGHT OF THE RAT and itâs often cited as the worst of the quartet, usually due to the spotty blue screen effects of the titular giant vermin itself. But itâs actually a decent segment, with believable performances by INVASION OF THE BODY SNATCHERS and ALIEN vet Veronica Cartwright and THE THINGâs Richard Masur trying to save their daughter from the wrath of a screaming, pissed-off rodent.
From the eerie opening credits sequence (a creepy cracked-desert visual that mimics the poster design) to the final frame, NIGHTMARES is an immaculate bit of no-frills horror entertainment. Sporting a dynamite score by Craig Safan, a composer known primarily for his work on the small screen, but who also contributed wonderful soundtracks for A NIGHTMARE ON ELM STREET 4, REMO WILLIAMS and the end-credits piece used in Michael Mannâs THIEF, the film is far superior to that same-years gigantic budgeted anthology TWILIGHT ZONE: THE MOVIE, with stories that often feel like deluxe versions of Serlingâs original series, even moreso than the legitimate 1980âs TZ revamp.
Â Scream Factory’s Blu-ray is an equally in-and-out, get-the-job-done affair, looking crisp and sometimes lush, considering the age of the material and offering a few bonuses, including a trailer and a meandering but informative commentary with producer Andrew Mirisch and Raines. You can also watch the film in either 1:78:1 widescreen or full frame, if the need to get the real deal, old-school TV vibe should strike you.
Totally recommended, NIGHTMARES is quality escapism; like a firm handshake, covered in blood.
For the past year or so I’ve struggled with a sense of helplessness about the environmental calamities we face now and in the future. Extinctions. Pollution. Biological invasions. Over hunting. Desertification. Dying rivers. Mountain top removal. Climate destabilization. The list … Continue reading →
THE LONGEST WAR: THE ENDURING CONFLICT BETWEEN AMERICA AND AL-QAEDA (2011). By Peter L. Bergen. This volume by CNNâs national security analyst provides a succinct overview of the war on terror, giving the reader a sharply observed portrait of Bin Laden, whom Mr. Bergen interviewed in 1997. Mr. Bergen argues that Bin Laden over-reached with the 9/11 attacks and that Al Qaeda has a growing list of enemies, including Muslims who donât share its âultra-fundamentalist worldview.â The book also provides a harrowing account of Bin Ladenâs escape from American forces at Tora Bora in December 2001, after the C.I.A.âs request for more troops was turned down by Gen. Tommy Franks.
OSAMA: THE MAKING OF A TERRORIST (2004). By Jonathan Randal. This book by a former Washington Post correspondent is less a biography of Bin Laden than a history of the contemporary jihadi movement, which Mr. Randal argues was inadvertently strengthened by American hubris, ignorance and missteps in the Middle East and Persian Gulf. Mr. Randal chronicles Bin Ladenâs combat experiences as an anti-Soviet jihadi, the role that various surrogate father figures played in his evolution, and his discovery of an âability to talk to everyday Muslims in a simple language,â despite his familyâs wealth.
THE BIN LADENS: AN ARABIAN FAMILY IN THE AMERICAN CENTURY (2008). By Steve Coll. In this family epic, Mr. Coll, a Pulitzer Prize-winning author, creates a psychologically detailed portrait of Bin Laden and his relationships with his father, Muhammad, who made a fortune in Saudi Arabia as the kingâs principal builder; and his older brother Salem, a British-educated, music-loving playboy, who used to organize family expeditions to Las Vegas. It also illuminates the important role that Osama Bin Ladenâs relatives and their relationship with the royal house of Saud played in shaping his thinking, his ambitions and his technological expertise.
HOLY WAR, INC.: INSIDE THE SECRET WORLD OF OSAMA BIN LADEN (2001). By Peter L. Bergen. In an early study of Al Qaeda, this CNN analyst emphasizes the crucial role that the Afghan-Soviet conflict played in radicalizing many Islamic militants in the 1980s, giving fighters like Bin Laden confidence that they could defeat a superpower and replacing the notion of Arab nationalism with that of a larger Islamist movement. Mr. Bergen argues here that Bin Ladenâs anger at the United States has little to do with Western culture â say, movies or drug and alcohol use â but rather stems from American policies in the Middle East, namely âthe continued U.S. military presence in Arabia; U.S. support for Israel; its continued bombing of Iraq; and its support for regimes such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia that bin Laden regards as apostates from Islam.â
OSAMA BIN LADEN (2011). By Michael Scheuer. Mr. Scheuer, who once headed the C.I.A.âs Osama bin Laden unit, dissects the puritanical religious views that informed Bin Ladenâs thinking. As he did in earlier books, Mr. Scheuer contends that Bin Laden was not an irrational terrorist, but a shrewd strategist and tactician who wanted to lure the United States into a financially draining quagmire in the Middle East.
THE LOOMING TOWER: AL-QAEDA AND THE ROAD TO 9/11 (2006). By Lawrence Wright. Based on more than 500 interviews, this book gives readers a searing view of the events of Sept. 11 and how that tragic day came about. Mr. Wright, a writer for The New Yorker, suggests that the emergence of Al Qaeda âdepended on a unique conjunction of personalitiesâ â that is, Bin Laden, whose global vision and compelling leadership would hold together the organization, and his deputy Ayman al-Zawahri, who promoted the apocalyptic idea that only violence could change history. In Mr. Wrightâs account, we see how a shy young Osama bin Laden, who loved the American television series âBonanza,â became a solemn religious adolescent, and how under the Machiavellian tutelage of Mr. Zawahri, he grew increasingly radicalized.
IN THE GRAVEYARD OF EMPIRES: AMERICAâS WAR IN AFGHANISTAN (2009). By Seth G. Jones. This book by a political scientist charts several decades of relations between the United States and Afghanistan, focusing on what went awry after Americaâs successful routing of the Taliban in late 2001. Mr. Jones blames the invasion of Iraq for diverting resources and attention from the war in Afghanistan, and notes that there was a spillover effect in Pakistan, which offered a haven to many Taliban and Qaeda fighters. Among Mr. Jonesâs conclusions is that the United States must âpersuade Pakistani military and civilian leaders to conduct a sustained campaign against militants mounting attacks in Afghanistan and the regionâ and threatening the foundations of âthe nuclear-armed Pakistani state.â
GHOST WARS: THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE CIA, AFGHANISTAN, AND BIN LADEN, FROM THE SOVIET INVASION TO SEPTEMBER 10, 2001 (2004). By Steve Coll. Mapping the long, mistake-filled road to 9/11, this book examines the C.I.A.âs covert role during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s and Americaâs later neglect of the country during the post-cold war â90s, when the Taliban and Al Qaeda took advantage of the political vacuum. Mr. Coll chronicles the failures of both the Clinton and Bush administrations to mount a serious attack on Al Qaeda and to implement a coherent counterterrorism strategy.[blog.nytimes.com]
November is awareness month for Lung Cancer, the leading cancer killer in both men and women in the United States. Doctors at Vidant Medical Center in Greenville are betting on new technologies to reverse that trend. Sarah Finch has more on a new lung biopsy device and how itâs changing healthcare options in eastern North Carolina. In North Carolina alone, the American Cancer Society estimates that nearly 8,000 people will be diagnosed with lung or bronchus cancer this year. East Carolina University Brody School of Medicine Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery Director Doctor Carlos Anciano says that lung cancer is decimating our population. âWhen we start throwing numbers, they get so vague that people lose a little bit of what the true impact of lung cancer has in our society today. When you add up the next 5 cancers that happen together, they still donât add up to the mortality, the number of deaths that lung cancer creates. About 430 to 450 people die daily from lung cancer.â As an
Germany's new normal: 'People can't leave their homes' 'Migrants go into churches to disrupt service. They walk in and start to riot." [ full title ]. Media and political elites continue to spin the catastrophic invasion of Europe as some 'humanitarian' movement summarily ignoring the grave consequences of the hijrah (immigration jihad). Only a handful of news sites (like this one) are reporting on the true nature of invasion, getting the real news from the true victims - the besieged Europeans, who almost overnight, are forced to live in a war zone. ... a crime against the German people and...
Craving for some wings? What flavor are you in the mood for? Garlic Parmesan? Mango Habanero? Or better yet, why not try all 14 of Wingstop's mouth-watering flavors? You'll get a reward if you do!
Catch the Flavor Invasion and explore Wingstop's 14 flavors with the Flavor Pass until August 31, 2016. Get yours with any single receipt purchase at any Wingstop store. Collect stamps for each flavor that you try and earn yourself Php1,000 gif certificates for every Flavor Pass that you complete.
In addition, customers will receive an additional quantity of wings for free with every purchase of the Classic of Batter-Fried Wings--a 5-piece order gets 1 piece, a 7-piece order gets 2 pieces, an 11-piece order gets 3 pieces.
Are you ready to get those stamps coming? Start with the smooth taste of the Hickory Smoked Barbeque! It's the flavor I'm representing as one of the 14 Wingstop Flavor Invasion ambassador. Hehe
Gusto mo ba?
Check out this BTS video from the campaign shoot.
And here's another one!
Whatever flavor you're craving for, don't miss out on the Wingstop Flavor Invasion at the Wingstop branch nearest you. For more information, LIKE Wingstop Philippines on Facebook and FOLLOW @wingstopph on Instagram.
Zanolla, Marianela, and Andreakis, Nikos (2016) Towards an integrative phylogeography of invasive marine seaweeds, based on multiple lines of evidence. In: Hu, Zi-Min, and Fraser, Ceridwen, (eds.) Seaweed Phylogeography: adaptation and evolution of seaweeds under environmental change. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 187-207.
Friday morning a giant, inflatable bubble resembling a dinosaur egg occupied a parking spot on Valencia Street between 18th and 19th. Rather than signaling a potential reptilian invasion, Â the structure designed by Interstice Architects Â at 587 ShotwellÂ was a participant in Park(ing) Day 2013, an international event that creates temporary public parks out of metered parking spaces. âPark(ing) Day advocates for creating more public open space,â said Matt Lindsey, one of...
"CONTRA-PUBLICIDAD": CHARLA/TALLER de PROYECTO SQUATTERSen EL 8Âº FORO NACIONAL de EDUCACIÃN para el CAMBIO SOCIAL.
El 10 de Septiembre de 2016, en el marco del 8Â° Foro Nacional de EducaciÃ³n para el Cambio Social, que tuvo lugar en la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, presentamos el proyecto educativo "Publicidad, EducaciÃ³n & Conciencia", con una Charla/Taller titulada "CONTRA-PUBLICIDAD / Una respuesta creativa al monÃ³logo del poder".
A continuaciÃ³n, se dio inicio al espacio de taller compartiendo conceptos, estrategias y herramientas propias del campo del arte y la intervenciÃ³n urbana para que lo/as participantes puedan desarrollar habilidades para la creaciÃ³n de mensajes contra-publicitarios por medio de la modificaciÃ³n de anuncios.
Â¡Todxs se sumaron a la actividad con gran entusiasmo y creatividad... e hicieron muy buenas intervenciones!
Â¡Gracias a todxs lxs que participaron de la charla/taller y gracias especiales a lXs organizadores del Foro por la invitaciÃ³n!!
El 25 de Marzo de 2016 Proyecto Squatters se sumÃ³, desde Argentina, al "DÃa Mundial de Lucha contra la OpresiÃ³n Publicitaria", junto a otros colectivos contra-publicitarios de renombre como Brandalism (Reino Unido), PublicAdCampaign (USA), los amigos de Consumehastamorir (EspaÃ±a), R.A.P. (Resistencia a la AgresiÃ³n Publicitaria, Francia), Vermibus (Alemania), entre muchxs otrxs activistas al rededor del mundo. La consigna fue "RECICLEMOS el planeta de la contaminaciÃ³n publicitaria".
Desde Squatters definimos a las acciones contra-publicitarias en las calles como una estrategia polÃtico-artÃstica para recuperar el espacio pÃºblico privatizado por el marketing corporativo y disputar la producciÃ³n de sentidos al poder. La Contra-publicidad es una herramienta libre y gratuita, que cualquiera puede utilizar para difundir las problemÃ¡ticas sociales y promover un comportamiento crÃtico frente al consumismo y la invasiÃ³n de las grandes empresas sobre los espacios pÃºblicos y las vidas privadas. La imaginaciÃ³n y el pensamiento crÃtico son nuestras armas. La creatividad es nuestra fuerza.
John Patrick Frey; Christi Frey; Steve Cooley; County of Los Angeles
Type of Party:
Type of Party:
Location of Party:
Location of Party:
Source of Law:
Jason S. Leiderman (withdrawn); Eugene G. Iredale
Verdict or Settlement Amount:
Kenneth P. White; Paul B. Beach
Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
Publication of Private Facts
U.S. District Court for the Central District of California; U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Nadia Naffe accused a colleague of sexual assault and filed a criminal harassment complaint. John Patrick Frey, a Deputy District Attorney in Los Angeles County, raised questions about plaintiff's allegations on his blog and Twitter account which he maintained in his personal... read full description
CV 12-8443-GW (District Court); No. 13-55666 (Court of Appeals)
Nadia Naffe accused a colleague of sexual assault and filed a criminal harassment complaint. John Patrick Frey, a Deputy District Attorney in Los Angeles County, raised questions about plaintiff's allegations on his blog and Twitter account which he maintained in his personal capacity. Naffe sued Frey, his wife, the former District Attorney for Los Angeles County and Los Angeles County under the theory that the defendant was acting in his official capacity as Deputy District Attorney while writing on his private blog, and that his actions violated her First Amendment and due process rights.
In a complaint filed in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, Naffe asserted the following causes of action:
1. violations of 42 U.S.C. Â§ 1983
2. public disclosure invasion of privacy
3. false light invasion of privacy
5. intentional infliction of emotional distress
7. negligent supervision
In a tentative ruling (later confirmed), the district court found that it did not have independent subject matter jurisdiction over Naffe's state law claims because she had not sufficiently demonstrated a claim for relief exceeding the sum of $75,000. Accordingly, the court focused on whether Naffe had properly asserted a claim under 42 U.S.C. Â§ 1983.
The court held that to state a claim under Section 1983, Naffe was required to allege facts sufficient to show that Frey's action related in some meaningful way either to his governmental status or to the performance of his duties, but found that Naffe had merely offered allegations that were conclusory or speculative. The court further held that merely "mentioning the fact that [Frey] [wa]s a deputy district attorney or prosecutor... does not transform everything he says on his blog or on Twitter into state action." Accordingly, the court dismissed Naffe's Section 1983 claim without leave to amend and dismissed her state law claims without prejudice. The court did not address the merits of Frey's anti-SLAPP motion.
Naffe appealed the ruling to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. In her appellate brief, Naffe focused on a comment Frey had made on his twitter account, in which he states: "@NadiaNaffe My first task is learning what criminal statutes, if any, you have admitted violating." Naffe interprets this tweet to be a threat by a state prosecutor to investigate her for alleged criminal violations and offers it as evidence that her allegations are not merely speculative. Frey, in his appellee's brief, responded that such musings could not be deemed an official act, and that the factual context proves that the comment had nothing to do with anything over which a Los Angeles County Deputy District Attorney such as Frey could have jurisdiction.
The Digital Media Law Project ("DMLP") filed an amicus brief in support of Frey arguing that there are over 20 million Americans working for the government and that, even when those individuals speak on matters that relate to government activity, their ability to speak in their personal capacities must be preserved in order to ensure that these individuals' valuable viewpoints are part of public discussion.
Byrne, Margaret, Steane, Dorothy A., Joseph, Leo, Yeates, David K., Jordan, Greg J., Crayn, Darren, Aplin, Ken, Cantrill, David J., Cook, Lyn G., Crisp, Michael D., Keogh, J. Scott, Melville, Jane, Moritz, Craig, Porch, Nicholas, Sniderman, J.M. Kale, Sunnucks, Paul, and Weston, Peter H. (2011) Decline of a biome: evolution, contraction, fragmentation, extinction and invasion of the Australian mesic zone biota. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (9). pp. 1635-1656.
Nach dem Erfolg des ersten Call of Duty war es nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis der zweite Teil das Licht der Welt erblicken sollte. Schauen wir uns nun diesen Klassiker aus dem Herbst 2005 an und stÃ¼rzen uns erneut in den zweiten Weltkrieg! Auf Seiten der Russen, Briten und Amerikaner schlagen wir uns erneut […]
More U.S. troops are likely headed back to Afghanistan soon, while the Trump Administration is also now considering withdrawal. Before either option––or anything in between––is considered, the U.S. needs to decide what version of victory it wants before it can decide on a strategy.
One of the most shocking statements I’ve heard on Afghanistan in sometime was that the official U.S. policy is to force the Taliban into a negotiated settlement. This statement came from a highly respected scholar of U.S. foreign policy and military strategy. I wondered what veterans like myself should think of such a policy. Almost 17 years of fighting, over 2,000 killed, and countless others wounded or otherwise affected, and our strategy is now to accept peace with the Taliban and see them holding legislative seats in Kabul and contributing to governing Afghanistan?
To be fair, the statement above was somewhat of a misstatement. What he intended to say was that this is the actual policy being pursued by the U.S., if unofficially and inconsistently. It is an unofficial policy because it would be highly unpopular with the domestic audience in the U.S., and it is inconsistent because presidents have been unwilling to commit the political capital necessary to sustain such a policy. Since a possible troop increase was announced in June, journalists and analysts (and Trump’s advisors) have been debating the strategy to which the U.S. should commit itself. However, these debates often consider strategies in isolation, and this is a mistake. Strategies must be judged relative to the realistic alternatives. This article categorizes the most common recent arguments, considers their limitations, and makes an argument for the least bad option, a negotiated settlement with the Taliban.
MILITARY ENGAGEMENT WITHOUT A COHERENT POLICY SHAPING THE STRATEGY BY WHICH THE CAMPAIGN IS CARRIED OUT IS LITTLE MORE THAN ORGANIZED SLAUGHTER.
One potential strategy considers the possibility of a post-World War II arrangement, leaving a permanent contingent of U.S. forces in Afghanistan to keep the Taliban and others at bay and influence other countries with interests in Central Asia. Unsurprisingly, many considering this possibility find the prospect unsustainable and possibly unachievable.
Another strategy considers the complex regional dynamics of the situation and suggests increasingly forceful engagement with neighboring countries, specifically Pakistan. Use of Pakistani territory sustains and strengthens Taliban operations in Afghanistan and the Pakistanis have been notoriously difficult partners for the U.S. and others.
Still another approach considers the folly of sending more troops before a coherent strategy, or even policy, has been agreed upon. Almost 200 years ago, Clausewitz asserted, “War is a mere continuation of policy by other means.” Military engagement without a coherent policy shaping the strategy by which the campaign is carried out is little more than organized slaughter.
A final take on the situation defines victory as an Afghanistan fully restored via so-called nation-building. This argument suggests less reliance on the military and more on civilians and the State Department. Others, like Gary Dempsey, argue the costs so greatly outweigh the benefits that the U.S. should simply cut its losses and withdraw. Withdrawal arguments usually suggest that after ground forces have left the U.S. should send targeted operations into Afghanistan whenever violent non-state actors set up shop again, but this assumes the political will and legal justifications will hold indefinitely––which isn’t a safe assumption.
The problem with all of the above arguments is that they only consider one possible form of victory, or take the form of victory as a given. This can be effective when advocating for certain policies, but it also comes with significant limitations. As an alternative, I will present a variety of potential victories––each different in some critical way––and assess the prospects for achieving each and what they mean for U.S. strategy in Afghanistan.
WHAT ARE THE PROSPECTS FOR A TOTAL VICTORY?
It is first necessary to assess the most common assumption for victory and the current state of that possibility. The early stages of the war in Afghanistan were entirely directed at removing the Taliban from power and going after al Qaeda's central structure. This gave Operation Enduring Freedom a specific counterterrorism focus. Therefore, the early objectives necessary for victory were limited: end or degrade al Qaeda and the Taliban. This mission was accomplished, and surprisingly quickly. However, the mission then shifted from counterterrorism to ambitious state-building as the security situation deteriorated and the Taliban began to push back into the country from their sanctuary in Pakistan. NATO troops pushed out from Kabul and sought to extend the new central government’s authority throughout the country.
ASSUMING ANOTHER MILITARY VICTORY OVER THE TALIBAN COULD BE ACHIEVED, THE AFGHAN GOVERNMENT WOULD STILL NEED TO ESTABLISH CONTROL OVER A TERRITORY THAT FEW CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE EVER BEEN ABLE TO CONTROL SINCE MODERN AFGHANISTAN WAS FOUNDED AROUND 1747.
If we assume these more ambitious statebuilding objectives to be the standard by which victory is now measured, each of the following would have to happen before that victory could be considered won: the Taliban would have to be beaten back militarily, the Afghan government would need to establish control over the overwhelming majority of the country, and the U.S. would have no more than a small contingent of trainers and advisors on the ground. Given the length of the effort in Afghanistan thus far, it’s inconsistent progress, and the present trend, this outcome seems unlikely.
Assuming another military victory over the Taliban could be achieved, the Afghan government would still need to establish control over a territory that few central governments have ever been able to control since modern Afghanistan was founded around 1747. Afghan expert Thomas Barfield argues that attempts to extend control over the whole of Afghanistan like other modern states do is a fundamental flaw in U.S. strategy and is simply not possible in a country like Afghanistan. Instead, Barfield has suggested a “Swiss cheese” model should be used. That is, control the vital areas (the population centers) that can be controlled and ignore the areas that cannot. Unfortunately, this isn’t even a realistic model for Afghanistan today, since the holes in government control would undoubtedly be used as safe-havens for any number of armed anti-government and anti-U.S. groups operating in the country. Such a strategy can only work if sustainable and enforceable treaties can be negotiated with the various armed groups.
An Afghan farmer works in a poppy field on the outskirts of Jalalabad, the capital city of Nangarhar province. (Noorullah Shirzada/AFP/Getty)
Furthermore, even if the government were able to reestablish control over all its territory, the government has a myriad of high-grade issues that significantly inhibit the its ability to exercise and maintain control and authority over said territory. Corruptioninhibits the government’s ability to deliver goods and services. Opium continues to flourish in Afghanistan and fund numerous individuals and organizations beyond the control of the central government, criminal and otherwise. Afghanistan’s relationship with its neighbors is complicated, and contributes to the instability. Afghanistan is also plagued by a persistently weak economy that is unlikely to improve to a sufficient level to contribute to stability or even pay the government's bills without foreign aid.
This path to victory also hopes the Afghan government can be encouraged to reform; it cannot. For many non-trivial reasons, it is unreasonable to expect the Afghan government to make the necessary reforms, even if pressured by the U.S. or the international community. Several scholarly articles attempt to explain this phenomenon. Generally speaking, it is clear the interests of the Afghan government will always diverge from those of the U.S. government. Afghan officials will be more interested in crushing coup attempts before they happen or paying off their political rivals; reforming government agencies, especially in the security sector, is more likely to encourage coups and embolden their enemies. No one should hope for government reforms as the path to peace in Afghanistan.
In sum, this vision of victory is unrealistic. Too many variables are too unlikely to be achieved for any reasonable person to think that all of them can be achieved, and at a reasonable cost.
CAN THE TALIBAN BE BEATEN (AGAIN) MILITARILY?
Taliban defeat on the battlefield is given special consideration here. Some might assume victory over the Taliban today should be as easy as it was in 2001. However, the posture and disposition of the Taliban today is very different than it was in 2001. They have been contesting and controlling territory, and that territory could be retaken if subjected to an effort similar to the one in 2001. However, their underground networks and sanctuary support are much more robust than they were. When pushed back from their territory in 2001, it took the Taliban about five years to build the infrastructure of insurgency and push back into Afghanistan. Today, the Taliban wouldn’t skip a beat if denied their territory.
Therefore, all of the issues mentioned in the above section would have to be remedied before the highest possible version of victory could be achieved, and this assumed the Taliban could be defeated anew, which also doesn’t seem likely. A series of unlikely conditions are necessary to sustainably defeat the Taliban. First, total cooperation with Pakistan, who would need to establish control over their own western provinces where these groups are currently afforded safe-haven, would be necessary. Second, Afghanistan would need a robust and functioning security apparatus, which it doesn’t have. Emphasis has been placed on building the Afghan military, but militaries are better at taking and holding territory than they are at defeating insurgencies, which is only step one in a campaign against the Taliban. Furthermore, evidence suggests that terrorist groups are mostly defeated by police and intelligence forces of local governments, not militaries.
An Afghan soldier during an anti-Taliban operation in eastern Kunar provice. (AFP/BBC)
There is a surprisingly positive trend in the use of Afghan police and intelligence forces to pressure and dismantle the Taliban. Increases in Afghan National Army regular forces have essentially flat-lined. On the other hand, the Afghan government plans to increase the number of special forces commandos exponentially, as shown in the chart below.Commandos have the tools and training to effectively go after non-state actors like the Taliban, but there are still significant barriers to defeating the Taliban via these means. First, the feasibility and effectiveness of doubling the size of commando forces isn’t certain. New recruits are drawn from conventional forces, so current special forces capabilities wouldn’t necessarily be reduced. However, whether they’re able to effectively train, equip, and support such a large force remains to be seen. Second, the Taliban would still be able to launch attacks from Pakistan; Afghanistan would still need to improve policing capabilities; and social and economic conditions would need to improve so unemployed youth couldn’t be convinced or paid to carry out attacks for the Taliban.
Furthermore, it is unlikely that the vast increase in commando power will go unnoticed by successive governments. As explained above, corrupt governments tend to weaken their military to hedge against coups.
WHAT DOES A MITIGATED SUCCESS LOOK LIKE?
With a long list of limitations preventing more ambitious victories, it is important to consider what lesser forms of success might look like and whether they are worth pursuing. A mitigated success would at least contain but not defeat the Taliban and focus on areas of higher strategic value, disregarding areas of lesser strategic value (as in the Barfield Strategy). This version of victory would even allow the Taliban to rule certain areas, or establish a power-sharing agreement in those areas not vital to the Government of Afghanistan. Such an approach could achieve core U.S. national interests at lower costs. For example, this would eliminate Afghanistan as a terrorist safe haven, and if Afghanistan were to revert to a safe haven in the future, the circumstance could be addressed more easily in these circumstances. Furthermore, with no powerful armed group opposing it, the Afghan government would be much less likely to collapse and potentially destabilize Pakistan, which is important for keeping nuclear weapons from proliferating into non-state hands.
Warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar returned to Kabul on May 4 after signing a peace deal with the Afghan government. (Reuters/Parwiz)
This strategy would solve one of the weaknesses in Barfield’s strategy by establishing peace with armed groups in exchange for control of their local areas, but how likely is it these armed groups will successfully reintegrate into the legitimate political process? Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, leader of the violent political party Hezb-i-Islami, recently attempted this exact transition. There are also reasons to believe some within the Taliban organization are at least willing to consider what is being offered in negotiations. This is perhaps why the members of ISIS in Afghanistan are mostly disaffected Taliban members. There is no way to know for sure why the former Taliban members defected, but several factors indicate that a willingness to negotiate for peace was important.
IF THE TALIBAN ARE TO BE INTEGRATED INTO THE POLITICAL PROCESS, BOTH THEY AND THE AFGHAN PEOPLE WILL NEED TO FIND A PATH TO RECONCILIATION.
The Taliban have attempted negotiations several times since 2001. Taliban leader Mullah Omar died in April of 2013, but top commanders kept it a secret. Writing under Mullah Omar’s name, these top commanders struck a conciliatory tone, advocating for an inclusive Islamic government in Afghanistan. In October 2014, five to six top commanders of the Taliban defected and subsequently pledged loyalty to ISIS. Predictably, the Taliban command claimed they were expelled from the group. Nine months later, the Taliban called for peace talks again. Therefore it seems reasonable that some attribute the rise of ISIS in Afghanistan to disgruntled former Taliban hardliners, and a willingness to negotiate is a likely source of these sentiments.
As is clear by the many failed attempts by the Taliban to negotiate peace, there are limitations to the feasibility of this move for many of the violent groups that forms its ranks. Consider some analogous circumstances. The most powerful violent insurgency group in Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), recently negotiated a peace deal with the government. Successfully transitioning to peace will be difficult, as many Colombians are still scarred from the violence they carried. Similarly, the Basque Homeland and Liberty (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna or ETA) separatist in Spain is attempting the same move, and the legacy of their violence is also an issue. Likewise, many Afghans remember the part Hekmatyar took in the shelling of Kabul during the civil war following the withdrawal of Soviet forces. Many Afghans will not soon forget the pain suffered at the hands of the various violent groups that fall under the aegis of the Taliban.
If the Taliban are to be integrated into the political process, both they and the Afghan people will need to find a path to reconciliation. It is theoretically possible to achieve a deal without this reconciliation, but whatever peace is achieved without it may be tenuous at best. Again, analogy might be useful. Rwanda is engaging in a justice and reconciliation process to deal with the legacies of their genocide. South Africa set up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to deal with the legacies of apartheid. Alternatively, Indonesia has set up no such commission or process, and their resultant peace has been much more tenuous and fragile.
It is also important to consider domestic opinion in the U.S., where the divergence between its interest and that of Afghanistan is perhaps clearest. Even if the Government of Afghanistan could reconcile with the Taliban, precarious as this would be given the support the U.S. must provide to sustain it, any negotiated settlement would be hugely unpopular domestically. Many would see it as surrendering to the enemy, leaving open a cynical but clear political opportunity. The unpopularity of working with the Taliban was on full display when the Obama Administration announced a prisoner swap with the Taliban that retrieved captured U.S. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. It is unlikely current or future U.S. presidents will be willing to expend the political capital necessary to make a negotiated settlement with the Taliban possible, especially considering the uncertainty of success.
IS A MITIGATED FAILURE WORTH CONSIDERING?
Considering all of the limitations of the above strategic alternatives, it should be considered what a mitigated failure would look like. A mitigated failure would probably include some or all of the following outcomes. First, traditionally Pashtun lands would be conceded to the Taliban, and the central government would maintain a tenuous control over other territories. The Taliban are strongest in Pashtun regions, but they have shown an ability to reach beyond these areas. Regions under strong Taliban control would be relatively peaceful, but fighting would remain intense in disputed areas. Pakistan would be keen to avoid this, much like the Turks wanting to resist an independent Kurdish state.
Pakistan’s position in Afghanistan has always been to maintain as much influence over their neighbor as possible. Prior to 9/11, the intelligence and military establishment in Pakistan had established close ties with Mullah Omar and the Taliban. However, Pakistan post 9/11 has been forced to align reluctantly against the Taliban. The Taliban now has bases of operation in Pakistan and it is not certain that a peaceful relationship could be established if they gain some control in Afghanistan at the expense of the government. The possibility of the Taliban gaining power in Afghanistan and looking for more influence east of the Durand Line is too great a risk.
WHAT DOES ABJECT FAILURE LOOK LIKE, AND HOW IS IT AVOIDED?
That leaves one final possibility: abject failure. This could happen if the international community loses patience with Afghanistan and cuts its losses, like the Trump Administration is perhaps considering. This certainly wouldn’t be the first time Afghanistan has been cut loose; there has been a pattern of countless such abandonments throughout history, like the Soviet withdrawal in 1989. Importantly, though, the international community has always decided to return. Afghanistan’s strategic importance to the rest of the world is significant, and modern forms of terrorism have compounded the effects of this strategic importance. This significance is evident in the many times that multiple empires have attempted to conquer it. Afghanistan is at the crossroads of the Middle East, Southern Asia, and Central Asia, and it continues to be a vital transit area for land-based commerce and gas and oil pipelines. There is no doubt that cutting strategic losses today might result in a strategic need to return a few decades, or even a few years, later.
Previous attempts to define victory in Afghanistan, and therefore advocate a strategy, have often considered various types of victory in isolation. However, the ideal end state for Afghanistan should be considered relative to the alternatives. A total victory is ideal, but needs to solve numerous enormous problems resulting from seemingly endless systemic conflicts. It would also require the greatest degree of political will sustained over the long-term. Furthermore, it is unlikely that the Taliban can be beaten militarily like they were in 2001. The government of Afghanistan and its allies could regain lost territory, but it is already a robust insurgency and terrorist organization; and these types of movements are rarely defeated militarily. Abject failure would be cost efficient in the short-term, but the resultant problems would increase costs over the long-term and would undermine U.S. national interests. A mitigated failure would likely have all the negative costs of abject failure, but with greater U.S. losses on the path to failure. Ultimately, total victory is ideal but highly unlikely. Abject and mitigated failures have long-term costs and endanger U.S. national interests. This leaves us with mitigated success and a negotiated settlement with the Taliban as the most prudent option.
A negotiated settlement would come with high political costs to whichever U.S. president decided to pursue it. However, these political costs would be lower than those required for a total victory. Furthermore, negotiations have mostly failed because there is no concerted effort or strategy to achieve it, just periodic opportunism. There’s no doubt this strategy would be highly unpopular and downright offensive to many Americans––especially veterans of the war. However, the question shouldn’t only be about its popularity; it should also be about its feasibility to bring about the end of America’s longest war.
The path of least resistance in Afghanistan is to contain the Taliban over the long-term. This starts with a continued focus on the building of commando and police capacity while reducing resources for the conventional Afghan National Army, because the Taliban are the problem rather than external invasion. The maintenance of a strategic alliance with the government of Afghanistan to deter foreign military interventions will allow the central government to focus on internal state building and reconciliation. The encouragement of smaller insurgent groups to negotiate transitions into the political process will enable reconciliation. Finally, seeking avenues to allow for a negotiated settlement with the Taliban, and integration into the political process if necessary, are critical.
The other victories mentioned above are certainly possible, but not at acceptable costs. A total victory––while appealing––would require extensive resources, in both blood and treasure, expended over an indeterminate amount of time. In 2012, a majority of Americans wanted to speed up the pace of the 2014 withdrawal. When the war started in 2001, about 90% of Americans said starting the war was not a mistake. Today, that number has decreased by about 40 points. No politician will have the political capital to commit the resources to a total victory. Other types of victories are more ideal and would be more popular, and despite the sentiment against the option, a negotiated settlement is not only more likely to happen in our lifetime, it’s also the most feasible outcome for success.
Adam Wunische is a U.S. Army veteran who has deployed twice to Afghanistan. He is also a PhD student at Boston College and a contributing analyst at Wikistrat
As Halloweenâs season approaches And ambitionâs dark shadows draw near Like hoards of invasive cockroaches The most dreaded creatures appear They pretend to be truthful and righteous But like zombies who rot overnight In the daylight their unnerving likeness To each other becomes cause for fright Even though they have opposite sponsors They spout the
There has always been two Britains. There's the majority, everyday Brits who have always been too busy getting-by to have time for Babylon's rules, no matter what shape Babylon took. The ordinary Brit's position of "I couldn't care less about what you pretend happens after you die, as long as you don't bore me with it or try to impose your Babylon-monkey on me", bears no resemblance to the minority Britain of Kings and Nobles; those whose legitimacy to rule has long been entwined with this foreign church. That Bible is still the doctrinal heart of the state religion of the UK. Our head of state, the Queen, is also know as 'the defender of the faith' and, on days of Royal events, the whole world sees the backward looking traditions of the ancient establishment's pompous ways; it sees a state legitimising itself through Christian rites and, consequentially, the tacit approval of Christianity by the state.
This ancient foreign tome is held high-most in this land as the paragon of righteousness! The land's establishment hails the book as evidence of its legitimacy. Yet, if a faithful follower of that fable were to actually follow many of the verses within, that follower would contravene the laws of the land.
The law of the land permits that which the book does not and prohibits that which the book promotes.
And, further, the state encourages promotion of this fable, which inspires followers to at best, contravene the state's laws, and at worst, if followed to the letter would return our hard fought civilization into a medieval chaos similar to that wrought by ISIS. I suggest this paradox is something of a constitutional problem; a crisis, even. We, the people, the true owners of this United Kingdom of Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and England, our laws, practices and government, are in conflict with much of the foreign religion, which ancient invasions imposed on us. This ancient interloping fable, widely promoted, in faith and secular schools alike, as "good" contains commands by a fabled divine being who demands, under pain of eternal torment, the persecution, even, when circumstances demand it, to death of unbelievers. How is it not disrespectful, to me and the other great many who identify as unbelievers, to have a state religion that views so many of the state's citizens in varying degrees from second-class human to actual living anti-christ?
As many Brits, I'm an 'unbeliever'; ... it's disrespectful that the state religion judges us to be spoiled. (Colossians 2:8) ... it's discriminatory that the state religion commands our ostracisation. (Romans 16:17) ... it's divisive that the state religion judges us wicked! (1 John 5:19) ... it's disrespectful that the state religion judges us to be deceiver & ultimate evil! (2 John 1:7) ... it's disheartening that the state religion commands our deportation! (2 John 1:10) ... it's absurd that the state religion wants us dead! (Exo 22:20 Deut 13:6-10,13:12-16,17:2-7,17:12-13) (These are not ALL of the instances of supremacist hatred or commands to contravene the laws of this land. And unbelievers are not the only minority group targeted.)
Makes one wonder why politicians have not noticed the divisiveness inherent in all such supremacist fables. Perhaps because so many of them have been indoctrinated with fable that they do not see it as a problem. One further wonders, if they were on the other side of the persecution fence, for how many seconds would they be able to remain unaware?
I'm sure I've heard it said that our Members of Parliament are supposed to look out for the rights of ALL their constituents so, if an MP fails to raise this issue, can that MP be said to be doing so?
I would like something to change.
To the cobweb ridden establishment, If you must keep this ancient fable as some sort of token head-nod to your ancestors, or to give your reign an air of legitimacy, so be it, but at least accept the reality of our present. Edit from this Bible of yours the hate that is commanded against born and bred UK owners, whose generational ancestors' blood, sweat and tears helped raise this world from primitive hovel to World wide web. For our state to be still seen as promoting these primitive, supremacist, hate-fables demeans us all before the world and our descendants. With this fable flying as a banner above our society, held high like that notorious black flag, what are we?
So the question here is... Is it not time for we the people to demand a purge of ALL the hatred from the fable at the core of the UK? I mean it's not as if a monarch has never introduced an new standard bible; it's called King James version for a reason, why not a peace laden Queen Elizabeth version? Or, better yet, purge the fable entirely?
This is one of the Too Many Questions
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The legacy of Roger Ebert's life, recounts the inspiring and entertaining life of the world-renowned film critic and social commentator, from his Pulitzer Prize-winning film criticism at the Chicago Sun-Times to becoming one of the most influential cultural voices in America .
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They are the voices behind the greatest Rock, Pop and R&B hits of all time, but no one knows their names. Now in this award-winning documentary, director Morgan Neville shines the spotlight on the untold stories of such legendary background singers as Darlene Love, Merry Clayton, Lisa Fischer, Judith Hill and more.
Investigates the torture and killing of an innocent Afghani taxi driver in a gripping probe into reckless abuses of government power. This stunningly crafted narrative demonstrates how one man's life and death symbolizes the erosion of our civil rights.
A film about tough, highly competitive quadriplegic rugby players. These men have been forced to live life sitting down, but in their own version of the full-contact sport, they smash each other in custom-made gladiator-like wheelchairs. Tells the story of a group of world-class athletes unlike any ever shown on screen. In addition to smashing chairs, it will smash every stereotype you ever had about the disabled.
Killer whales are beloved, majestic, friendly giants, yet infamous for their capacity to kill viciously. Blackfish unravels the complexities of this dichotomy, employing the story of the notorious performing whale Tilikum, who, unlike any orca in the wild, has taken the lives of several people while in captivity. Blackfish expands on the discussion of keeping such intelligent creatures in captivity.
In 1975, director Alejandro Jodorowsky began work on his most ambitious project yet. Starring his own 12-year-old son alongside Orson Welles, Mick Jagger, David Carradine and Salvador Dali, featuring music by Pink Floyd and art by some of the most provocative talents of the era, including H. R. Giger and Jean "Moebius" Giraud, Jodorowsky's adaptation of the classic sci-fi novel Dune was poised to change cinema forever. Through interviews with legends and luminaries including H. R. Giger (artist, Alien), Gary Kurtz (producer, Star Wars Episodes IV & V) and Nicolas Winding Refn (director, Drive), and an intimate and honest conversation with Jodorowsky, director Frank Pavich's film finally unearths the full saga of 'The Greatest Movie Never Made'.
At 14, Toronto school friends Steve 'Lips' Ludlow and Robb Reiner made a pact to rock together forever. Their band, Anvil, went on to become the 'demigods of Canadian metal,' releasing one of the heaviest albums in metal history, 1982's Metal on Metal.
Provided is an analysis of the global financial crisis of 2008, which at a cost over $20 trillion, caused millions of people to lose their jobs and homes in the worst recession since the Great Depression, and nearly resulted in a global financial collapse. Through exhaustive research, and extensive interviews with key financial insiders, politicians, journalists, and academics, traces the rise of a rogue industry which has corrupted politics, regulation, and academia.
JIRO DREAMS OF SUSHI is the story of 85-year-old Jiro Ono, considered by many to be the world's greatest sushi chef. He is the proprietor of Sukiyabashi Jiro, a 10-seat, sushi-only restaurant inauspiciously located in a Tokyo subway station. Despite its humble appearances, it is the first restaurant of its kind to be awarded a prestigious three-star Michelin Guide rating, and sushi lovers from around the globe make repeated pilgrimage, calling months in advance and shelling out top dollar for a coveted seat at Jiro's sushi bar.
The Square is one of the most awarded documentaries of the past decade. It was nominated for a 2014 Academy Award for 'Best Documentary Feature' and won 3 Emmy Awards, as well as multiple film festivals awards, including the Audience Awards at the 2013 Sundance and Toronto Film Festivals. The film is a in depth first hand look at the Egyptian Revolution chronicling the fall of two Presidents in a row.
The famous Uganda Cultural site and the main burial ground place for the four previous Kings of Buganda known traditionally as Kabakas, are situated five kilometers away from Kampala city center on Kasubi hill. Historically, Buganda Kabakas have always built their palaces on strategic hills in order to find easy ways to escape during an invasion and to control the major roads to the palace. Itâs also a centre for the Royal family and the Kabaka and his representativeâs frequently carryout important rituals related to Ganda Culture, masai mara safari. The Kasubi tombs hill is divided into three main areas: the main tomb area located at the western end of the site, an area containing buildings and graveyards located behind the tombs, and a large area on the eastern side of the site used primarily for agricultural purposes.
To experience Buganda cultures in Uganda, there are several sites to look at like Katereke prison where the king imprisoned his brothers in a trench. Naggalabi coronation site, Buddo where the kabakas of Buganda have been crowned for the past 700 years. Wamala Tomb the secret burial place of Kabaka Suuna II (1836-1856) who had 148 wives and 218 Children. Namasole Kanyange Tombs where the mother to Kabaka Suuna II was buried. SsezibwaFalls is a spiritual place for the kings and Baagalayaze Nnamasole Tombs where the mother of Kabaka Mwanga II was buried.
On 19 March 2010, one of the main culture sites of Buganda (Kasubi tombs) was burnt by fire. Some of the major buildings there were almost completely destroyed by fire, but the cause is still under investigation. Later the outraged BugandaKingdom has vowed to rebuild the tombs of their kings and President Museveni said the national government of Uganda would assist in the restoration of the site. gorilla safari rwanda
As Buganda kingdom vowed, the restoration of Kasubi Royal Tombs should not be considered as a solely BugandaKingdom's responsibility, the Trade and Tourism Minister, Maj. Gen. Kahinda Otafiire said. "I think time has come to work together to ensure the restoration of the tombs. Such assets are for all of us. It should be a pride for all Ugandans," Maj. Gen. Otafiire said during the launch of the SMS fundraising drive towards the tombs restoration in Kampala yesterday. Pledging total support towards the reconstruction of tombs, Maj. Gen. Otafiire condemned its burning.
Under the new fundraising drive dubbed 'Ssaagala Agalamidde' mass SMS fundraising, any willing contributor will use his/her mobile phone to contribute Shs500 to the kingdom's treasury by typing the world 'Masiro' and send it to number 8885.Many Ugandans are participating in the SMS fundraising to ensure the restoration of the Kasubi tombsâ Ugandaâs best cultural siteâ.The Buganda Prime Minister, Eng. John Baptist Walusimbi, said Shs10 billion is required to rebuild the Kasubi Tombs and other 32 tombs across the kingdom.
Above all Ugandaâs culture heritage is very strong for example many regions in Uganda have kingdoms including Buganda, Busoga, Bunyoro and Toro. Also Uganda has a remarkable hospitable and hails from a diversity of rich cultures and life styles. Each tribe has its own traditional dance like the banyankole perform their Kitaguriro dance, the Bunyoro have their Runyege, Acholi have the Bwila and Otole dances. The Alur people from the West Nile have the Agwal dance, Bagisu have the Imbalu dance during circumcission ceremonies. The countryâs culture heritage led to the Kasubi tomb restoration. gorilla tour
I've been in such denial that my baby is now ONE. Â Simply typing the words makes the throw-up creep up into my mouth. Â I kept thinking if I did not post it, my baby would still be a baby and not a growing-way-too-fast-one-year-old! Â But alas, I must face reality and accept that I will never have a little baby again. Â And while I LOVE every stage my yummy little rugrats go through I especially LOVE the 3-12 month stages. Â
So here's a little reflection. . .
I will never forget the entire operating room squealing, "IT'S A GIRL!" Â Quinn and the anestheologistÂ were the only males in the room and NOBODY knew the sex of our baby (including us). Â They just knew that we had two bouncing boys at home. Â
There was no one person that said it was a girl, just a chorus of squeals, the excitement was almost tangible. Â Then there was Quinn and I, completely shocked. . .we only knew how to have baby boys. Â The first thing I said was, "are you sure?" Â and Dr. Huggins replied with a quick bottom side peak over the curtain. Â Quinn looked at our little girl and the first thing he said was, "little girl, you are going to cost me a lot of money." Â He was so right on! Â What a perfect morning that was. . .my little 8 pound 8 ouncer born on the 8th day of the 8th month!
Pink signs. . .who knew. Â A big thanks to the Armstorngs for starting out the color invasion!
So here is my little girl clapping along to the singing of Happy Birthday. Â Thanks to Ade for assisting in blowing out the candle.
Was she into the cake??? Â Not so much. Â Yep, she was pretty much annoyed by it. Â Her OWN cake, chocolate with butter cream frosting in the shape of a flower. . .and all she can do is turn up her cute little nose!
Thanks for at least messing it up a bit, sissy.
Here are the party goers. Â Grandma, Grandpa, Nana, Papa, Aunt Sue, Uncle Kev, Val, Taylor, Heather, Issac, the Birds, and the Armstrongs. Â I think the Bird's won the most innovative-we-know-this-little-girl-gift. Â They brought Ava a giant bag of Sonic ice!!! Â And we all know how she (and her mom) loves Sonic ice!
This is a little guitar/cart thing from grandma and grandpa. Â Ava thought it was more fun to have Macie pull her around in the cart. Â It was a really fun night and I didn't even cry. Â Thanks to everyone for coming and helping Ava celebrate!
AÂ Â 74-year-old Albert Eugene DeMagnus was stabbed in his home at the upscale community of Lake Horton Landing Drive. According toÂ Fayette County Sheriff Barry Babb, deputies were called to the incident at around 2.30am, and he was transported toÂ Piedmont Fayette Hospital.Â
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Albert Eugene DeMagnus
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Inset:Â Jeffery Wallace (left) and Kavion Tookes (right)Â
He was pronounced dead at the hospital.
The wife of Albert was at home during the invasion, and she said to investigators that she saw three African-American thugs broke into the house and demanded money and jewellery, and two of the men took the couple's grey lexus, while the other man drove the getaway car that had brought them to the couple's house.
Albert Eugene DeMagnus is the CEO ofÂ Computer Management Services, Inc.,
Â Jeffery Wallace Â and Kavion Tookes were the men who stabbed Albert, and they crashed the lexus they stole from the family, and are now held on murder charge in Fayette county.
Si hubo una historia que marcÃ³ a la ufologÃa fue la experiencia protagonizada por el matrimonio formado por Betty y Barney Hill , la que generÃ³ el despegue publicitario de las hoy llamadas âabduccionesâ.
Uno de estos entes se quedÃ³ observÃ¡ndolo detenidamente, con unos ojos que impactaron al testigo, quien comparÃ³ al tipo con un ânaziâ.
La situaciÃ³n lo atemorizÃ³ y volviÃ³ al auto corriendo y gritando que estaban a punto de ser capturados. Betty no habÃa visto nada, pues estaba ocupada de vigilar que no viniera ningÃºn auto que los pudiera embestir y de llamar a Barney con frases cariÃ±osas al estilo de âÂ¡idiota, vuelve aquÃ!â. Ya de vuelta en el auto, se vieron sorprendidos por un extraÃ±o zumbido (3).
Curiosamente, Betty no vio el objeto, pese a que lo buscÃ³ infructuosamente. AsÃ llegaron a casa a eso de las cinco de la madrugada del 20 de septiembre. Pese a que habÃan acordado no contar nada para no quedar de locos, Betty no pudo soportar mucho tiempo y ese mismo dÃa llamÃ³ a su hermana Janet Miller (quien ya habÃa visto OVNIS) para contarle su excitante experiencia.
âConsiderando las variaciones en el trayecto y el tiempo que perdieron tratando de encontrar el camino de vuelta a la carretera principal, no es sorprendente que hayan llegado a Portsmouth dos horas mÃ¡s tardeâ.
El relato del matrimonio Hill adquiriÃ³ relevancia nacional gracias a que el periÃ³dico de Boston âHerald Travellerâ publicÃ³ la historia, tomando los datos de una de las conferencias dadas por los Hill, lo que hizo que estos decidieran editar su versiÃ³n de los hechos y âevitar inexactitudesâ. AsÃ surge la idea del libro de Fuller, extractos del cual serÃan publicados en la revista estadounidense âLookâ en sus nÃºmeros del 4 y 11 de octubre de 1966.
Y ya que habÃa libro, tendrÃa que venir una secuela fÃlmica. El 20 de octubre de 1975 la NBC transmitiÃ³ âThe UFO Incidentâ, una dramatizaciÃ³n del caso en horario de mÃ¡xima audiencia.
Desde entonces, las denuncias de abducciones se dispararon.
Pese a esto, ufÃ³logos de los clÃ¡sicos, como Donald Keyhoe, aceptaban la historia del OVNI que seguÃa al auto, pero no el âraptoâ. Incluso todavÃa en 1973 Keyhoe compartÃa la explicaciÃ³n de Simon.
LA ACTUACIÃN ESTELAR DEL MAPA ESTELAR
Tras la sugestiÃ³n post-hipnÃ³tica que el doctor Simon realizÃ³ para que Betty dibujara el mapa que decÃa haber en la nave, el tema quedÃ³ en el aire a la espera de que alguien fuera capaz de interpretarlo.
Marjorie Fish, una profesora bÃ¡sica de 34 aÃ±os (en 1966) aficionada a la astronomÃa, fue la encargada de sacar adelante esta empresa. Por supuesto, los ufÃ³logos creyentes destacan la inteligencia y vivacidad de Fish, como una forma de ensalzar su âdescubrimientoâ, que significÃ³ un trabajo de unos seis aÃ±os de hacer maquetas y leer muchos libros de astronomÃa en busca de la ubicaciÃ³n perfecta. Marjorie Fish visitÃ³ a Betty en 1969 para saber mÃ¡s del mapa.
Asimismo, debemos indicar que muchos psicÃ³logos sostienen que la hipnosis no permite separar la realidad de las fantasÃas, sobre todo si los hipnotizados se muestran convencidos de que los sueÃ±os reflejaban hechos ciertos.
La hipnosis no es âlaâ verdad, sino âsuâ verdad (la del hipnotizado). Tampoco serÃa bueno olvidar que, tras haber enviudado, Betty se metiÃ³ de lleno en el mundillo ufolÃ³gico y paranormal.
No son las anteriores las Ãºnicas objeciones. Una buena demostraciÃ³n de que gran parte de los caracteres presentes en la narraciÃ³n tenÃan antecedentes en la cultura popular la da el investigador estadounidense Martin Kottmeyer, quien en diversos estudios comprobÃ³, por ejemplo, que muchos motivos del relato de Betty se hallan en la pelÃcula âInvasores de Marteâ, de 1953.
Era demasiada coincidencia. Por esto, Kottmeyer se puso a trabajar, hasta que pudo descubrir que la primera emisiÃ³n de ese capÃtulo fue el 10 de febrero de 1964, sÃ³lo 12 dÃas antes de la sesiÃ³n hipnÃ³tica donde Barney describÃa a los seres tal y como habÃan aparecido en la TV.
Para entender cabalmente este caso, es necesario aclarar que tuvo dos partes claramente diferenciadas entre sÃ: la primera dice relaciÃ³n con el avistamiento de un fenÃ³meno inexplicado para ellos (el que, ya sabemos, era JÃºpiter); la segunda se relaciona con el supuesto rapto, aparentemente ligado con los sueÃ±os de Betty Hill, ademÃ¡s de las influencias que descubrieron Kottmeyer y otros.
NOTAS: (1) Barney muriÃ³ en febrero de 1969 como consecuencia de un derrame cerebral que, para los suspicaces, no tienen ninguna relaciÃ³n con su presunta experiencia con los extraterrestres. Betty, en cambio, falleciÃ³ en octubre de 2004 de un cÃ¡ncer.
(4) No deja de ser curiosa la precariedad de los instrumentos utilizados por los alienÃgenas.
(5) Kottmeyer, Martin. âEsos ojos que hablanâ. Perspectivas UfolÃ³gicas. NÂº 7. Febrero de 1996. PÃ¡ginas 32-34. (6) Brookesmith, Peter. âLa abuela de todos los abducidosâ. âFortean Timesâ. NÂº 110. Londres. Inglaterra. Mayo de 1998. En castellano, âLa Nave de los Locosâ. NÂº 13. Enero de 2002. Santiago. Chile. PÃ¡ginas 14-18.
(6) Brookesmith, Peter. âLa abuela de todos los abducidosâ. âFortean Timesâ. NÂº 110. Londres. Inglaterra. Mayo de 1998. En castellano, âLa Nave de los Locosâ. NÂº 13. Enero de 2002. Santiago. Chile. PÃ¡ginas 14-18.
Desde siempre, algunos autodenominados "ufÃ³logos", quieren hacer creer que desde antiguo se han avistado naves extraterrestres.
Hace tiempo surgiÃ³ esta noticia:
"Antiguo Manuscrito Ruso describe un avistamiento OVNI del siglo XIX"
Los reportes sobre avistamientos OVNI aparecen hoy en dÃa en los medios tan frecuentemente que difÃcilmente son tenidos en cuenta. A menudo los supuestos OVNIs son explicados como cohetes, pruebas meteorolÃ³gicas, aviones y sus rastros, etcâ¦
Pero esto (muchas veces sÃ³lo usado para desviar la atenciÃ³n de la verdadera naturaleza del fenÃ³meno, que es la extraterrestre) ciertamente no puede aplicarse de ninguna manera a los avistamientos registrados hace siglos âcuando no existÃan los cohetes o aviones.
Aparentemente el manuscrito atrajo su atenciÃ³n por alguna razÃ³nâ, dice Alexander Afanasiev, experto del Museo de Historia del Estado Ruso, departamento de manuscritos. âLa ufologÃa no es realmente mi Ã¡rea, pero definitivamente este manuscrito describe un OVNI.
âRadiaciÃ³n sobre el Kremlimâ
El 13 de septiembre de 1808, a las 20.07 de la tarde, en el cielo claro y lleno de estrellas, un fenÃ³meno acaeciÃ³, incomparable en su belleza y rigor, asÃ como en la radiaciÃ³n y el tamaÃ±o enorme, con cualquier cosa vista antes. Como lo notamos, atraÃdos por un ruidoso sonido, casi se levantaba en un arco sobre el horizonte, de 55' a casi 90'.
Habiendo superado esta distancia en un instante, se detuvo entre las nubes sobre el Krenlim.
LucÃa como algo parecido a una placa recta y larga de unos 6.35 metros de largo y unos 35 centÃmetros de espesor.Entonces, de su borde delantero, volteado al sudoeste, una gran llama se encendiÃ³, de casi metro y medio de largo por un poco mÃ¡s de ancho, con una llama que serÃa sÃ³lo comparable con la radiaciÃ³n de un fÃ³sforo ardiente.
Flotando en un cÃrculo sin expandir el fuego o destellar, iluminÃ³ todo lo que se encontraba alrededor como si fuera la plena luz del dÃa; entonces la llama se apagÃ³, la luz desapareciÃ³, pero la âplacaâ brillante permanecÃa y se desplazÃ³ perpendicular hacia arriba, alcanzado las estrellas y dejÃ¡ndose ver por un par de minutos y entonces, sin desaparecer, se volviÃ³ invisible debido a la extraordinaria altura.â
De hecho, el objeto misterioso descrito tiene gran semejanza con los avistamientos modernos de OVNIs por su capacidad de hacer movimientos abruptos (detenerse y luego adquirir gran velocidad), irradiaciÃ³n de luz, forma regular, etc.
Asimismo, Afanasyev descarta cualquier posibilidad de que el manuscrito sea una falsificaciÃ³n.
El Esquema El manuscrito fue acompaÃ±ado por un bosquejo, representando lo que vio Chebotarev:
1. El 13 de septiembre de 1808 a las 20:07, en la Universidad del Estado de MoscÃº, Chebotarev oye un ruido de choque y mira hacia afuera por la ventana viendo un objeto rectangular 6.35 metros de largo y 0.35 metros de espesor, levantÃ¡ndose en un arco.
2. El objeto se detiene sobre el Kremlin a cierta altura. En la parte lateral una bola brillante de fuego se enciende, de unos 1.5 metros de diÃ¡metro. La radiaciÃ³n se mantiene por cinco segundos.
3. Cuando la radiaciÃ³n se apaga, el objeto se eleva suavemente hacia arriba y es visible por dos minutos.âEl objetivo de este documento todavÃa sigue siendo un misterio para mÃâ, agrega Afanasyev. âAl principio supuse que serÃa el bosquejo de un artÃculo para alguna publicaciÃ³n, pero ni el periÃ³dico de la Universidad del Estado de MoscÃº, ni ninguna otra ediciÃ³n de MoscÃº publicÃ³ este material. âChebotarev podrÃa estar preparando un artÃculo para el BoletÃn de Noticias de la Sociedad Naturalista de MoscÃº, pero por alguna razÃ³n nunca fue publicado y ha permanecido en archivo hasta que Peter Polansky lo descubriÃ³. Finalmente, el manuscrito fue redescubierto por investigadores modernos, quienes lo dieron a conocer al pÃºblico.â
QuizÃ¡ se tratase de un meteorito y que este seÃ±or lo viera como una placa rectangular, por que segÃºn lo que describe:
"Entonces, de su borde delantero, volteado al sudoeste, una gran llama se encendiÃ³, de casi metro y medio de largo por un poco mÃ¡s de ancho, con una llama que serÃa sÃ³lo comparable con la radiaciÃ³n de un fÃ³sforo ardiente, flotando en un cÃrculo sin expandir el fuego o destellar, iluminÃ³ todo lo que se encontraba alrededor como si fuera la plena luz del dÃa; entonces la llama se apagÃ³, la luz desapareciÃ³, pero la âplacaâ brillante permanecÃa y se desplazÃ³ perpendicular hacia arriba, alcanzado las estrellas y dejÃ¡ndose ver por un par de minutos y entonces, sin desaparecer, se volviÃ³ invisible debido a la extraordinaria altura"
No describe objeto alguno, ni maniobras extraÃ±as, solo que se eleva hasta desaparecer, eso si, con un gran compendio de luces y sonidos (estos Ãºltimos extraÃ±os en fenomenologÃa ovni).
"... Habiendo superado esta distancia en un instante, se detuvo entre las nubes sobre Kremlin. LucÃa como algo parecido a una placa recta y larga de unos 6.35 metros de largo y unos 35 centÃmetros de espesor".
"Entre las nubes sobre el Kremlin" y aun asÃ, debido a la considerable altura (el Kremlin en 1808 media no menos de 20 metros de alto) suponiendo que las nubes rozaran las varillas de las puntas de las torres... !!Es capaz de ver que medÃa de grueso nada mas y nada menos que 35 cms!! Buena vista!!! Aun si hubiese sido capaz de observarlo exactamente, con las medidas de 6.35 por 0.35 no parece que sea una nave, mas parece una plancha o similar, pero muy alejada de una nave tripulada que algunos quieren hacer ver que se observaban en 1808.
Pero avancemos en la historia. Se supone que el tal Andrey Chebotarev, tenÃa relaciÃ³n con la universidad, que era hombre culto y que escribiÃ³ un manuscrito. Â¿Hay constancia de que este hombre existiera? Ninguna, solo lo supuesto por el senador Peter Polansky de MoscÃº, el cual trabajÃ³ para el Servicio Secreto del Zar ( La Okhrana) y muriÃ³ a mediados del siglo XIX. Pero en el manuscrito no aparece nombre alguno de ningÃºn personaje.
Â¿Entonces quien da este nombre?
Este nombre lo da un tal Alexander Afanasyev, experto del Museo de Historia del Estado Ruso, departamento de manuscritos.
Pero resulta que la Universidad Estatal de MoscÃº, en principio estaba a lado del Kremlin, que Catalina La Grande la derribÃ³ para crear la Gran Plaza Imperial (hoy Plaza Roja), que la traslado a varias dependencias, de varios edificios de la calle Mokhovaya, que esta calle esta a una manzana del Kremlin, dado que los edificios estÃ¡n orientados a espaldas del Kremlin, dificilmente, el profesor Andrey Chebotarev, en 1808, pudo observar tal fenÃ³meno, tal como lo describe y donde dice que lo viÃ³.
A no ser que las personas que lo observaron (el manuscrito pluraliza) estuvieran dando un paseo, por la sombrÃa calle trasera, junto a las murallas en pleno mes de Septiembre, con temperaturas bastante desapacibles a esas horas. Pero el dibujo del manuscrito refleja el Kremlin visto desde lejos, no de tan cerca y la suposiciÃ³n de que Andrey Chebotaryov, trabajara en la Universidad y lo viera al entrar o salir de ella, es solo eso, una suposiciÃ³n.
La iglesia que se ve al fondo de color rojo es el Museo de Historia del Estado Ruso.
Â¿Pero ese manuscrito de donde saliÃ³? Se supone que de la Universidad y que el senador lo guardÃ³ por que debido a su extraÃ±eza le pareciÃ³ curioso, pero todo MoscÃº ardiÃ³ en 1812, con la invasiÃ³n NapoleÃ³nica. Tras tres meses y medio de estar las tropas francesas ocupando la ciudad, los pocos edificios que los propios rusos no habÃan quemado, los quemaron los franceses. ArdiÃ³ hasta la propia catedral de San Basilio. Nada de lo que hay hoy en dÃa en pie es de 1808. Los rusos practicamente salieron con lo puesto, todos ricos y pobres huyeron. Los Ãºnicos manuscritos que se salvaron fueron algunos de la biblioteca de la Universidad Estatal y eran volÃºmenes gruesos (tratados de botÃ¡nica, etc).
Â¿Aun asÃ pudo salvarse el manuscrito? Pues si, pero debido a lo dudoso del informante, me temo lo peor. Â¿Entonces quien saca a la luz tan valioso manuscrito? Pues el tal Alexander Afanasyev, al quien nadie conoce, que no es experto del Museo de Historia del estado Ruso y que lo encontrÃ³ en el archivo personal del senador Peter Poludensky, pero es imposible saber si tal personaje existiÃ³ y si perteneciÃ³ al servicio secreto.
Lo extraÃ±o del caso es que se conserve un archivo de la Universidad o el archivo de un espÃa, tras el incendio y que a su vez este lo guardara sin destruir. Dificilmente un miembro de un servicio secreto guarda los documentos en un archivo.
Pero la noticia saliÃ³ publicada en el diario Mosnews.com, (Noticiasmoscovitas.com) un diario electronico de dudosa reputaciÃ³n y altamente sensacionalista, el cual busca avidamente ser leido en EE.UU. donde sabe que le pueden financiar, pues lleva dos aÃ±os bajo de fondos economicos. http://www.mosnews.com/column/2006/02/07/sensationalfind.shtml
Bueno viene en ruso y no se entiende, pero solo hay que traducirlo. Podemos comprobar lo sensacionalista de la revista en cuanto vemos la primera ilustraciÃ³n, un cuadro clasico de Moscu, en verano con un platillo volante superpuesto y un largo etc de incongruencias. (Por cierto que lo poco que se lee del manuscrito, puede describir tanto un eclipse como la descripciÃ³n de cualquier tormenta)
Bueno, como veis hay de todo, desde noticias que dicen "Mujer se asusta y llama a la policia por que su lavadora canta opera italiana", "Mensaje extraterrestre en una sandÃa" u otras como "Cientificos demuestran que la Tierra es cuadrada".
Claro, automaticamente salta a todos los medios de difusiÃ³n electrÃ³nicos (por que el caso solo estÃ¡ en formato electrÃ³nico) que recojen esas noticias. A partir de ahÃ, es todo un conglomerado de copiar y pegar, y la noticia se repite, como hacen los loros.
Que puede que el manuscrito sea autentico, puede ser, pero no describe nada de lo que comenta esa publiaciÃ³n.
De lo mÃ¡s cientÃfico...y de lo mÃ¡s veraz por parte de algunos ufÃ³logos.
Claro que como a la mayor parte de estos, les interesa que la gente crea en al existencia de visitantes extraterrestres, bien por proselitismo a su causa o bien para ocultar otras cosas mÃ¡s terrenas.
Hasta ese momento cuando se hablaba de naves extraterrestres, no se tenÃa forma definida de ellas. (Recordemos a los inventores de los extraterrestres Lowell, inventando vida en Marte, H.G.Wells, trayendola en una invasiÃ³n y O. Welles, creando psicosis al radiarla, todo un experimento sociologico, y ninguno hablÃ³ de platillos) Desde este momento que vamos a analizar, se hablÃ³ de "Platillos volantes", cosa que Arnold ni dijo ni dibujÃ³ nunca. (Â¿Alguien esperaba que se pudiera ver platos y se forzÃ³ la aseveraciÃ³n de platos?) Platillos o platos solo lo dijo el que entrevistÃ³ a Arnold. Desde ese mismo instante, hablar de platillos volantes era (no se por que ciencia infusa) hablar de extraterrestres.
Es segÃºn algunos autollamados ufologos, el primer caso "limpio", sin influencias de militares y con un testigo "altamente cualificado". Es el caso con el que se abre la ufologÃa. Para muchos defenderlo como irresoluble es defender la existencia de extraterrestres.
Es un caso que la ufologia no ha sido capaz de investigar en condiciones hasta despues de 50 aÃ±os. ( a los 50 aÃ±os se levanta el secreto solo de algunos informes que no atenten a la seguridad nacional) Burlando a todos los ufologos, es ahora cuando al liberarse informes se puede saber algo con claridad.
Hace 60 aÃ±os, concretamente el 24 de Junio de 1947, un vendedor de extintores, llamado Kenneth Arnold, volaba en su avioneta, sobre el estado de Washington (al Noroeste de los EE.UU.) cuando por radio escucho un mensaje que indicaba que un aeroplano de la US Navy se habÃa accidentado cerca del monte Rainier.
Decidio variar un poco su rumbo para investigar, cuando algo le llamÃ³ la atenciÃ³n. Se trataba de la visiÃ³n de nueve aeronaves que se desplazaban a increible velocidad, con movimientos poco usuales.
Pero veamos como lo describiÃ³ el propio Kenneth Arnold (Del proyecto Libro Azul de Brad Steiger) :
"NacÃ el 29 de marzo de 1915 en Subeka (Minnesota).
VivÃ en aquelEstado hasta que, a la edad de seis aÃ±os, mi familia se trasladÃ³ a Scobey, Montana, en donde establecieron el hogar.
He trabajado desde entonces como ingeniero independiente de control de fuegos, por lo que he manejado, distribuido, vendido e instalado toda clase de equipos automÃ¡ticos y manuales contra el fuego en las zonas rurales de cinco estados del oeste.
Mi primera experiencia en vuelo comenzÃ³ en Minot, Dakota del Norte, en donde me dio la primera lecciÃ³n EarI T. Vanee, originario de Great Falls, Montana.
Como los objetos estaban muy lejos, durante varios segundos no pude darme cuenta de cuÃ¡l era su forma o su formaciÃ³n. En seguida se acercaron a Mount Rainier y pude ver sus perfiles contra la nieve con mucha claridad. Me resultÃ³ extraÃ±o no verles las colas, pero supuse que se trataba de algÃºn tipo de aviones de propulsiÃ³n a chorro. DecidÃ medir su velocidad, pues tenÃa dos puntos definidos que me permitÃan hacerlo; el aire estaba tan claro que era fÃ¡cil ver los objetos y determinar su forma y tamaÃ±o a casi cincuenta millas de distancia. Recuerdo bien que en el reloj colocado en el panel de conducciÃ³n faltaba un minuto para las tres cuando el primer objeto de la formaciÃ³n pasÃ³ al borde sur de Mount Rainier.
Aunque son muchos los observadores que han informado sobre estos objetos en los Estados Unidos, son seis o siete los casos en que puedo decir con pleno convencimiento que observaron lo mismo que yo;particularmente los empleados de las tres Western Air Unes (Cedar, City, Utah), el caballero (piloto) en Okiahoma City y el mecÃ¡nico de locomotora de Illinois, ademÃ¡s del capitÃ¡n __xxx____ y del copiloto __xxx____ de la United Air Unes.
De cualquier forma, las noticias de lo que habÃa observado se esparcieron bien pronto, y antes de terminar la noche estaba recibiendo llamadas telefÃ³nicas de todas las partes del mundo; hasta la fecha no recibÃ una sola llamada de burla o escepticismo. El Ãºnico escepticismo que conozco es el impreso en los periÃ³dicos. Para mÃ todo esto no es, como para mucha gente, algo divertido. Lo considero absolutamente serio, pues el hecho de que haya observado algo de lo que ni Mr. John Doe en la esquina de la calle ni Pete Andrews en su rancho no hayan oÃdo hablar no significa que no exista.
Mi licencia de piloto es 333487. Vuelo con un Callair, un tres plazas monomotor diseÃ±ado y fabricado en Afton, Wyoming, como avioneta de gran rendimiento y para gran altitud, ideada para el trabajo en montaÃ±as.
El certificado nacional de mi aviÃ³n es 33355. Kenneth Arnold Boise, Idaho
Bastante completa la informaciÃ³n que diÃ³ Kenneth Arnold, a sus amigos, compaÃ±eros y a la prensa, que lo publicÃ³ asÃ:
PENDLETON, Ore. -- (AP) -- Nueve objetos brillantes en forma de "plato" volando a increÃble velocidad a una altura de 3000 metros (10.000 pies) fueron reportados ayer (junio 24, 1947) por el piloto Kenneth Arnold en Boise, Idaho, quien desestimÃ³ especular acerca del origen de los mismos. Arnold, empleado del Servicio Forestal de los EEUU., se encontraba abocado a la bÃºsqueda de un aeroplano perdido cuando observÃ³ los misteriosos objetos el jueves a las 15:00 h. Los objetos volaban entre el Monte Rainier y el Monte Adams en el estado de Washington, segÃºn afirmÃ³, y parecÃan hacerlo en formaciÃ³n. Arnold, indicÃ³ haber cronometrado su vuelo y estimÃ³ que se desplazaban a una velocidad de cercana a los 2000 kilÃ³metros (1200 millas) por hora. Interrogado en Yakima (Washington) acerca del suceso, manifestÃ³ estar perplejo pero aÃ±adiÃ³ haber conversado con una persona que no identificÃ³ procedente de Ukiah (California) quien le asegurÃ³ haber visto objetos similares el 22 de junio sobre las montaÃ±as de Ukiah. "Parece imposible, aÃ±adiÃ³ Arnold, pero asÃ es". Associated Press---
A partir de ahÃ, de ese momento, se desatÃ³ toda una fiebre de avistamientos de "Platillos volantes", una verdadera oleada, una verdadera fiebre extraterrestrista recorrio el paÃs, como se puede ver en estas notas de prensa:
Boise, Idaho Statesman -Junio 27, 1947 Harassed Saucer-Sighter Would Like to Escape Fuss-- A pocas horas de empezar a trascender a nivel nacional el avistaje de Monte Rainier su repercusiÃ³n comienza a tener efectos indeseados para Arnold quien es acosado por la prensa en busca de nueva informaciÃ³n y por personas que creen ver en el suceso presagios apocalÃpticos o evidencias de extraterrestres.
Como podemos comprobar, las fuerzas armadas armadas niegan el hecho de que fueran pruebas militares secretas, pero a un funcionario se le esacpa el detalle de negarlo y afirma incluso los lugares donde estan probandolos. AÃ±aden la informaciÃ³n de un metereologo implicado en las USAF, para dar versiones de lo mas peregrinas. Toda esta fiebre "platillesca" surgiÃ³ de la extraÃ±eza de la narraciÃ³n de Kenneth Arnold, las formas de los objetos, su formaciÃ³n en vuelo, su velocidad, etc. Pero...Â¿realmente era asÃ? Analicemos todo lo sucedido por pasos:
RESUMEN DEL INFORME DE ARNOLD
Despega a las 14:00 de Chehalis, Washington. Se dirige hacia Yakima, Washington, pero retrasa su vuelo para encontrar un aviÃ³n perdido, de modo que emprende el vuelo hacia el Monte Rainier.
Sobrevuela el lado oeste del monte y desciende hasta el lateral, donde estÃ¡ Ashford, Washington. Gira 300Âº a la derecha sobrevolando Mineral y vuelve a tomar rumbo hacia Mount Rainier. Se dirige hacia Yakima, al Este.
A su izquierda y a 15 millas habÃa un DC-4.
En un momento dado debido a un destello, mira a la parte Norte del Monte Rainer donde ve 9 objetos que viajaban de NORTE a SUR a unos 9.500 pies de altura (2.896m) aproximÃ¡ndose al Monte Rainer. Estaban entonces a 50 millas de distancia.
Son las 14:59 cuando el primer objeto de la formaciÃ³n pasa al borde Sur del Monte Rainier mientras el primero estÃ¡ ya al final de la zona de crestas.
Para el cÃ¡lculo de esa distancia hay que tener en cuenta la posiciÃ³n inicial de Arnold tras sobrevolar Mineral y encarar hacia Yakima. En el mapa adjunto vemos su ubicaciÃ³n aproximada.
La distancia entonces entre Arnold y los objetos en formaciÃ³n era de unas 50 millas, es decir 80,5 kms.
Con el medidor de distancias de la Enciclopedia Encarta se practica una sencilla triangulaciÃ³n que saca a relucir que los objetos recorrieron un total de 135 kms entre el punto inicial donde los observÃ³ Arnold, y el lado Sur del Monte Adams.
Como el piloto da dos tiempos posibles, es decir 2:30 y 3 minutos, la velocidad de los aparatos oscilaba entre 3.240 km/h y 2.700 km/h respectivamente.
Pero toda la observaciÃ³n durÃ³ entre 2:30 minutos y 3 minutos.
La distancia es de 60 kms aproximadamente, con lo cual su velocidad hasta ese punto debiÃ³ ser de entre 4.500 km/h y 2.770 km/h.
AsÃ, de la versiÃ³n de Arnold se desprenden 5 velocidades: 2.047 km/h, 2.700 km/h, 2770 kmh, 3.240 km/h y 4.500 km/h.
Sensiblemente distintas para pertenecer a un observador cualificado.
Parece que Arnold tampoco lo tenÃa demasiado claro.
Y a todo esto: Â¿dÃ³nde estaba el demoledor bramido supersÃ³nico que debÃa haber percibido Arnold?. Porque a cualquiera de estas velocidades, deberÃa haberlo escuchado puesto que son supersÃ³nicas, al menos en un radio mÃnimo de 50 km suponiendo que los objetos viajasen a un mÃnimo de 1.230 km/h. Y Arnold estaba a poco mÃ¡s de 30 km.
EL PROBLEMA DE LA DISTANCIA
El tamaÃ±o de los objetos segÃºn Arnold era de unos 15 metros de envergadura.
De ese modo, y dado que el tamaÃ±o aparente se reduce con el cuadrado de la distancia, es imposible que los viese a mÃ¡s de 30 kilÃ³metros.
Si se hace una triangulaciÃ³n manteniendo esta distancia de 30 km, todo el trayecto recorrido por los objetos habrÃa sido de tan sÃ³lo 45 kilÃ³metros en los 2:30 o 3 minutos que mencionÃ³ Arnold.
AsÃ, sus velocidades oscilarÃan entre los 1.080 km/h y los 900 km/h, cifras bastante mÃ¡s razonables para un dÃa de Junio a tan sÃ³lo 4 meses de que se rompiese oficialmente la barrera del sonido (1.230 km/h aprox).
(Hans Guido Mutke afirmaba haber atravesado la barrera del sonido el 9 de abril de 1945 en un Messerschmitt Me 262, aunque no existen pruebas cientÃficas de este logro. El famoso "chuck" Yaeger, rompio "oficialmente" la barrera del sonido el dia 14 de Octubre de 1947. Claro que nadie publica los resultados de las pruebas delante de la prensa, sin haber probado primero los resultados con anterioridad.)
EL PROBLEMA DE LA ALTITUD
Igualmente, Â¿cÃ³mo pudo observar a los objetos a mÃ¡s de 80 kms de distancia?.
En el monte Rainier hay tres picos que superan los 4.300 metros de altitud y la misma meseta, en palabras del propio Arnold, estÃ¡ a 2.900 metros de altitud (9.500 pies), aunque hay partes a 2.100 e incluso menos.
Se supone que el lado que encaraba Arnold estaba a 2.900m ya que aporta el dato en su relato.
En aquellas zonas por debajo de los 2.000 metros hay frondosos bosques, con Ã¡rboles altÃsimos como el denominado Abeto Douglas, que llega a medir hasta 60 metros. Un paisaje difÃcil para tan clara observaciÃ³n.
Arnold volaba pues a 2.900 metros de altitud, y tal y como se desprende de su relato nunca subiÃ³ a la meseta, sino que se dedicÃ³ a buscar el aparato perdido por el lado oeste.
Aunque bien podrÃan estar sorteando cimas, tal y como dijo Arnold âcon bruscas maniobrasâ, lo cierto es que deberÃan haber volado a al menos 3 km de altura sobre la meseta, dados los picos que tiene.
AsÃ, la altitud que estimÃ³ el piloto de 2.900 metros deberÃan haber sido al menos 6.000.
Un error imperdonable.
Si los aparatos no hubiesen cruzado por la meseta, Arnold no habrÃa podido contrastar âsus perfiles contra las copas nevadasâ, ni habrÃan estado a una distancia de 20-25 millas de la posiciÃ³n del piloto, cerca de Mineral.
Una vez mÃ¡s, Arnold se equivocÃ³ y ya van tres, distancia, velocidad y altura.
LlamÃ³ a varios de sus pilotos de vuelo e instructores de helicÃ³ptero para escuchar mi historia. En el mas alto punto de mi entusiasmo, cerrÃ³ el tema, golpeado la tapa de su carpeta, cuando uno de los pilotos de helicÃ³ptero dijo:"EstÃ¡ claro que se trataba de un vuelo de esos misiles dirigidos al lago Moses."
No recuerdo apenas cÃ³mo el tema comenzÃ³ en los momentos posteriores a que aterrizara, pero antes de que terminaran de acumularse todos alrededor mio en el campo de aviaciÃ³n, relataba la historia de mi experiencia.
Cuando calculaba la velocidad en miles de millas por hora, me di cuenta: "Cielo santo, estamos tomando la medida de la distancia muy lejos y demasiado elevada con respecto al Monte Rainier y el Monte Adams.
Tomamos otra medida de la misma base, tan cerca como pudiera ser determinada en el mapa con respecto a la cota de nieve real.
La distancia era 39,8 millas.
Incluso cubriendo esta distancia, que era hasta ahora la mas acertada, ya que sabÃa que las anteriores eran incorrectas, todavÃa tenÃamos una velocidad de 350 millas por hora.
Eran misiles dirigidos, robot telecontrolados.
SabÃa que las velocidades eran elevadas para un cuerpo humano particularmente en vista de los tirones y movimientos errÃ¡ticos de estos artefactos.
HabrÃa podido ir a dormir esa noche si los reporteros, los periodistas, y las agencias de noticias que me pedÃan la descripciÃ³n de lo sucedido, me hubieran dejado solo.
Dave Johnson es redactor de temas de aviaciÃ³n del periÃ³dico Idaho Statesman, y un hombre de capacidad respetada e inteligencia en las materias relacionadas con la aviaciÃ³n militar y civil. En cuanto vÃ su mirada y el tono de sus palabras, los "platillos volantes"adquirieron repentinamente una significaciÃ³n distinta y nueva.
Esto no es la primera declaraciÃ³n, sino sus memorias, donde se ve que lo que interesaba a la prensa y al publico era el tema de seres de otros mundos, incluso alguien le querÃa influir para que pensara que eran platillos volantes extraterrestres. Errores en la velocidad, en la distancia, en la altura y veremos que en la forma de los objetos que nos ofreciÃ³ la prensa...
EL ERROR DE BEQUETTE
Durante un tiempo se siguieron dando noticias sobre el caso:
(AP)--Kenneth Arnold, de 32 aÃ±os, experimentado piloto civil observa desde su avioneta Callair mientras vuela el 24 de junio de 1947 cerca del monte Rainier en el estado de Washington (EE.UU.) en horas de la tarde el desconcertante vuelo de nueve objetos voladores no identificados desplazÃ¡ndose a unos 10.000 pies de altitud y a una velocidad estimada de mÃ¡s de 1.200 millas por hora.(ojo a esta cifra) Arnold, que trabaja para el servicio forestal estatal, intenta reportar a su regreso el avistamiento de inmediato en la oficina del FBI local de Pendleton, OregÃ³n. La circunstancia de encontrar transitoriamente cerrada la oficina lo lleva a compartir la noticia con el editor del diario local East Oregonian. Su testimonio obtiene de este modo una rÃ¡pida e inesperada trascendencia que horas mÃ¡s tarde logra alcance nacional.
Efectivamente, lo primero en lo que pensÃ³ Kenneth Arnold era en dar a conocer a todo el mundo lo vio. En el mismo momento en que abandonÃ³ el aerÃ³dromo, se dirigiÃ³ a las oficinas del FBI de Pendleton, pero como estaban cerradas, se dirigiÃ³ a las oficinas del periÃ³dico mas cercano y allÃ le narrÃ³ lo sucedido a Bill Bequette, quien malinterpretÃ³ lo descrito y lanzÃ³ la noticia con un titular que decÃa âFlying Saucersâ (âPlatillos Volantesâ)
Acababa de nacer un mito que serÃa visto en cientos de miles de casos; serÃa plasmado en novelas, artÃculos y pelÃculas.
Si analizamos lo descrito por Kenneth Arnold, veremos que tenÃa claro aparentemente lo que vio. Empezaron por llamarle la atenciÃ³n con un reflejo producido en una superficie metÃ¡lica, de tal modo que se pensÃ³ que tendrÃa otra aeronave muy cerca y la intentÃ³ divisar. âvolaban como un platillo si usted lo lanza a la superficie del aguaâ âVolaron en una formaciÃ³n definida, pero irregularmente. Como los describÃ por aquel entonces, su vuelo era como los barcos en un agua brava o similar a la cola de una cometa china y le considero como si planearan contra el viento. O serÃa quizÃ¡s la mejor descripciÃ³n de sus caracterÃsticas de vuelo como muy similares a una formaciÃ³n de gansos, algo como en una lÃnea diagonal, como si fueran unidos. Como lo puse a los periodistas en Pendleton, OregÃ³n, volaron como un platillo si usted lo lanza a la superficie del aguaâ
Pero el periodista confundiÃ³ la caracterÃstica de su vuelo, con la forma de los objetos.
Este error, sumiÃ³ a Kenneth Arnold en una gran frustraciÃ³n durante toda su vida y no se cansÃ³ nunca de intentar enmendar el error literario del periodista.
La historia de Kenneth Arnold fue recogida por los medios de comunicaciÃ³n. La radio y los periÃ³dicos la copiaron, y entonces al cabo de unos dÃas el paÃs explotÃ³ en una inundaciÃ³n de observaciones de "platillos volantes."
Pero ese dibujo es de ocho de los nueve aparatos que vio, siendo el noveno algo mas cÃ³ncavo por la parte trasera, como una letra D.
En tres ocasiones la inteligencia militar interrogÃ³ a Kenneth Arnold y le hicieron ver que cometÃa algunas inexactitudes, indicÃ¡ndole que la forma mas aproximada de todos los aparatos era la del ultimo que vio.
K. Arnold seÃ±alando un dibujo de uno de los aparatos
Como en diversas ocasiones avistÃ³ varias formaciones de alas volantes, como el XB-35; YB-49 YB-49 o incluso de algÃºn modelo alemÃ¡n capturado en la guerra como el HO-229 de los hermanos Horten, los militares norteamericanos trataron de desviar la atenciÃ³n hacia estos modelos, que en cierta medida se quedaban obsoletos a pesar de que en 1944 la fabrica Lippish construyo el DM-1 que podÃa alcanzar teÃ³ricamente Mach 6. HO-229 v 1.
De repente 6 objetos exactamente iguales a los descritos por Arnold y a vuelo rasante sobre el agua ponen en apuros a los miembros del barco.
Cinco de los discos rodearon al sexto, que parecÃa averiado.
Dahl sacÃ³ una serie de fotografÃas de los extraÃ±os objetos.
De repente, uno de los discos chocÃ³ con el averiado y, a causa de la colisiÃ³n, unos fragmentos de apariencia metÃ¡lica se desprendieron del segundo.
Aunque la patrullera puso rumbo hacia la isla Maury, y los tripulantes desembarcaron y se refugiaron en un acantilado; no pudieron evitar que durante el trayecto algunos fragmentos alcanzaran la embarcaciÃ³n, daÃ±Ã¡ndola, hiriendo al hijo de Dahl y acabando con la vida del perro de a bordo.
Entonces los discos abandonaron el lugar a gran velocidad.
Una vez en Tacoma, Dahl informÃ³ a su superior, Fred L. Crisman, que no le creyÃ³ hasta que tuvo en sus manos uno de los fragmentos procedentes del disco volante. Dahl los describiÃ³ como "ferralla ligeramente luminosa debido a la posible radiaciÃ³n", ademÃ¡s les consiguen sacar 5 fotografÃas. Revelan el carrete, pero pierden las fotografÃas.
Al dÃa siguiente, Dahl recibiÃ³ la visita de un extraÃ±o que le advirtiÃ³ que lo mejor que podÃa hacer era olvidarlo todo y pudo comprobar que en las fotografÃas salÃan los seis misteriosos objetos, pero que la pelÃcula parecÃa haber sido daÃ±ada por algÃºn tipo de radiaciÃ³n.
Raymod Palmer, un hombre enano y con una gran joroba, habÃa asumido la direcciÃ³n de Amazing Stories en 1938, el mismo aÃ±o en que Orson Welles habÃa aterrorizado a cinco millones de personas con una versiÃ³n radiofÃ³nica de La guerra de los mundos (1897), de Herbert G. Wells.
"Tan pronto como Palmer se hizo cargo de la direcciÃ³n dedicÃ³ una enorme cantidad de energÃa a cambiar el rumbo de la revista. Hizo bajar la calidad de las historias y aumentar la circulaciÃ³n" (ComentÃ³ Asimov en 1981).
Dos aÃ±os antes de la observaciÃ³n de Arnold, Palmer abriÃ³ las pÃ¡ginas de Amazing Stories a Richard S. Shaver, un desequilibrado mental en tratamiento que decÃa recordar cÃ³mo AtlÃ¡ntida, Lemuria y Mu (los continentes mÃticos tan del gusto de charlatanes de todas las raleas) habÃan sido colonizados por seres extraterrestres en un remoto pasado. SegÃºn Shaver, los alienÃgenas habÃan tenido que abandonar la Tierra hace miles de aÃ±os, dejando en nuestro planeta dos tipos de robots que desde entonces habitan en el subsuelo: los âTerosâ, que hacen lo posible por ayudar a la humanidad, y los âDerosâ, responsables de gran parte de las desgracias del ser humano.
En octubre, aseguraba en un editorial escrito durante el verano que la observaciÃ³n de "misteriosas naves supersÃ³nicas, ya sean espaciales o procedentes de cuevas", confirmaba la autenticidad de las narraciones del mundo subterrÃ¡neo (Lagrange, 1988). Los tripulantes de los platillos volantes eran descendientes de los extraterrestres que habÃan colonizado nuestro planeta en un pasado remoto.
Palmer fue despedido de su trabajo. Su apoyo incondicional a las estupideces propaladas por Shaver habÃa incomodado a los propietarios de la revista.
El imaginativo promotor de basura pseudo cientÃfica entrÃ³ entonces en contacto con Kenneth Arnold. Un aÃ±o mÃ¡s tarde, aparecÃa en los quioscos el primer nÃºmero de Fate, que con el tiempo se iba a convertir en Â«el principal abastecedor de tonterÃas paranormalesÂ» de Estados Unidos (Gardner, 1983).
Algo impensable en 1889 era el hecho de que hubiera vida en otros mundos, fuera, en el espacio, pero asÃ comienza en sus primeros pÃ¡rrafos, la novela escrita por H.G.Wells, titulada "La Guerra de los Mundos", este escritor proclamado por muchos como el padre de la ciencia ficciÃ³n, tuvo la ocurrencia de narrar, enlazando las antiguas creencias, de que en Marte habitaba una civilizaciÃ³n, pero Â¿De donde provenÃan dichas creencias?
Ya estaba fraguada la idea de la visita de seres extraterrestres a la sociedad humana y quedÃ³ bien estudiado el impacto sobre la psique colectiva que supuso la narraciÃ³n de unos hechos que nunca existieron. Ni Wells, ni Welles hablaron nunca de que las naves tripuladas por los "marcianos" tuvieran forma de "platillo volante".
Fue con el final de la II Guerra Mundial, con los estudios de la casa Northrop y tras atrapar los proyectos de platillos volantes alemanes por parte de los servicios de informaciÃ³n estadounidenses y su puesta en marcha de los prototipos, cuando se empiezan a ver dichas formas voladoras. (Ver el caso de Kenneth Arnold.). Este primer avistamiento en Octubre de 1947, supuso una nueva psicosis de temor a una invasiÃ³n extraterrestre.
Aviones con forma discoidal en USA, no eran proyectos disparatados, como los prototipos de ala circular de Cadwell. De hecho uno de esos prototipos fue descubierto en mayo de 1949 en un hangar abandonado de Baltimore, y confundido por las autoridades con un Platillo Volante estrellado. Â¿Que mejor que aprovecharse de ello? Si como dice el refrÃ¡n : "A rÃo revuelto, ganancia de pescadores".
Se habia creado, durante decadas un enorme monstruo mediatico que se realimenta solo, miles de fotografias, miles de casos de avistamientos y de testigos (mas o menos realistas o fraudulentos), junto con cientos de libros formaban a diario una enorme lista de casos a aÃ±adir al tema. Photoshop, Internet, literatura "misterologa", todos alimentan ese monstruo.
Pero hay algo mÃ¡s: Werner Von Braun comentÃ³:
"El complejo de inteligencia militar, industrial y de laboratorios, usaria la guerra frÃa, luego las naciones problematicas, luego el terrorismo global, hasta llegar a la Ãºltima carta del triunfo: Una amenaza falsa desde el espacio."
Con intenciÃ³n de justificar el gasto de trillones de dolares en armamento espacial, en una guerra de la que casi no se verÃ¡ nada, solo algunos ataques esporadicos sobre la Tierra, el mundo serÃ¡ engaÃ±ado (aprovechando el "efecto Welles") con una amenaza del espacio exterior, uniendo de esta manera al mundo en el miedo, el militarismo y la guerra, un mundo del que esas industrias pretenden hacerse las dueÃ±as, creando "Un nuevo orden mundial".
Â¿Cuales son las corrientes politico-economicas que impulsan a directores de cine como Spielberg a repetirse en el tema extraterrestre en sus films?
Lynn Picknett y Prince Clive autores de "Stargate conspiracy" nos desvelan en su libro la creaciÃ³n por parte de la CIA de una conspiraciÃ³n para hacer creer en el regreso de una fuerza alienigena.
Colourful beehives were much in evidence whenever we walked in the countryside, but we were warned to steer well clear because the bees are a far more fearsome race than our placid British bees. At this time of year their main food source is the invasive acacia, so there may well be resistance to their […]
The 2011 Connecticut Flower Show is over, and what did I learn?
That more gardeners each year are interested in growing organically, the way our grandparents did.
That water gardening, be it pond, waterfall, stream, etc. is still HUGE.
That hellebore seems to be the plant of choice for 2011.
That there's real concern about invasive species, such as Japanese knotweed, bittersweet and garlic mustard.
That there are 5 million gardening-related products to sell to winter-weary gardeners.
The best product I saw, and acquired this year at the Show is the Grass Stitcher, www.grassstitcher.com, an easy-to-use, ergonomic, durable lawn aerator. I'm always on the lookout for products that make life in the garden easier, and I think this is a winner. I'll be reporting in as the season progresses.
We still have a couple of feet of frozen snow on the garden, so spring work hasn't yet begun.
But the white stuff is melting slowly in the moderating weather, so it doesn't appear we'll have floods, and for that we thank Mother Nature.
Early November is the best time of the year to recognize Asian bittersweet, that invasive interloper who's taking over our forest edges. Most of the leaves are off the hardwood trees, but the round leaves of bittersweet are bright yellow and will persist for another week or so.
Go outside and look up. Do you see a yellow-leafed vine scrambling up your trees & over your shrubs? It's most likely bittersweet and it needs to be cut down before it envelopes the trees like the picture above. So get out the clippers, loppers and hand saw. Some vines will be as big around as a man's arm, and will eventually kill a tree by either crowding out the sunlight, squeezing the trunk, or making it so top-heavy that it will break the trunk or topple in a strong wind.
Try to uproot the beast, (the orange roots are diagnostic) but if you cut the vine, it will sprout next year, so plan on going back and recutting next spring. Keep after it!
If each of us kept our patch of Mother Earth clear of this monster we'd go a long ways towards eliminating a major threat to our woodlands. Otherwise, our forests here in the Northeast will eventually look like the sad picture above.
Trenton Ducati is the forest ranger in charge of the area being barraged with reports of missing persons and strange occurrences. His tireless efforts to get to the bottom of the mystery leave him exhausted. Trenton passes out to be awoken by a naked mysterious stranger, Tomas Brand. Tomas stands at the foot of Trenton«s bed, and we»re left wondering , it«s not clear if he»s him playing bottom to mysterious Tomas Brand, a smooth, hot muscle daddy who makes Trenton levitate off the bed and come back down hard, horny and needing to be sucked and fucked. Resistance is futile, not that Trenton could say no to Tomas«s hot mouth and his determination to make Trenton»s balls tingle and his nipples stand on end. On his back, Trenton tucks his knees into his armpits, giving Tomas full access to his pulsing hole. Tomas presses his advantage with tongue, fingers and cock, milking Trenton«s hard on while preparing his ass for an invasion. First Trenton submits, then he takes charge in a sit-fuck that»s better than levitation. The spooge flies.
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Public Service Broadcasting- Every Valley - Every Valley
Johnny Jewel- Television Snow feat Symmetry - Windswept
Johnny Jewel- Windswept - Windswept
Cornelius- Surfing On Mind Wave Pt 2 - Mellow Waves
Sam Cohen- The House Of The Rising Sun - Resistance Radio The Man In The High Castle Album
Washed Out- Burn Out Blues - Mister Mellow
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Slowdive- Slomo - Slowdive
Thurston Moore- Turn On - Rock N Roll Consciousness
Bernard Ntone- Yaound Girls - Pop Makossa The Invasive Dance Beat Of Cameroon 1976 1984
The Dan Ryan- Guidance - Guidance
No Te Va Gustar- Para Cuando Me Muera - Discos Popart
Ratatat- Neckbrace - LP4
Coldcut OnU Sound- Vitals feat Roots Manuva Adrian Sherwood - Outside The Echo Chamber
Avey Tare- Roamer - Eucalyptus
Height Keech- Mind Moves The Mountain - Mind Moves The Mountain
Com Truise- Ephemeron - Iteration
UMFANG- Symbolic Use Of Light - Symbolic Use Of Light
The Black Angels- Estimate - Death Song
Pickwick- Turncoat - LoveJoys
Gil ScottHeron And Jamie XX- NY Is Killing Me - Were New Here
Skip Die- Jungle Riot - Riots In The Jungle
Sextile- One Of These - Albeit Living
David Nance- 5 2 And 4 - Negative Boogie
Black Lips- Overture Sunday Mourning - Satans Graffiti Or Gods Art
Black Lips- Occidental Front - Satans Graffiti Or Gods Art
Negritage- Dub Thang - Greetings From Planet Dub
Nej, titeln betyder inte att jag vill spela ut tvÃ¥ katastrofer mot varandra, pÃ¥ samma sÃ¤tt som vissa (hÃ¶gerpopulister) spelar ut svaga grupper mot varandra. Funderar Trump verkligen pÃ¥ att invadera Syrien?
Jag har inte orkat kommentera det hÃ¤r pÃ¥ hela dagen. Jag vet faktiskt inte om jag orkar gÃ¶ra det nu heller. Jag mÃ¥r bara illa. En amerikansk invasion mot Syrien?Verkligen?Efter det som hÃ¤nde i Irak, Libyen och Afghanistan?Irak fick sekteristiskt inbÃ¶rdeskrig och IS. Libyen blev en failed state med 1 000 krigsherrar. Och i Afghanistan dÃ¶das fler mÃ¤nniskor i dag Ã¤n 2001. De har inte bara talibaner i dag, utan Ã¤ven IS â och de militÃ¤ra interventionerna har fÃ¶rsÃ¤mrat sÃ¤kerheten i samtliga regioner. LÃ¥t oss Ã¶vergÃ¥ till en helt annan frÃ¥ga. Om ett helt annat land. Kongo. En svenska mÃ¶rdades nyligen i Kongo. Hennes huvud har inte kommit hem. Bara hennes kropp. Kongo Ã¤r det stÃ¶rsta kriget sedan andra vÃ¤rldskriget. Ett krig med Ã¶ver sex miljoner dÃ¶da och Ã¶ver tvÃ¥ miljoner vÃ¥ldtagna och det bara fortsÃ¤tter. Kvinnor och barn vÃ¥ldtas med knivar, automatkarbiner kÃ¶rs in i deras vaginor och skjuts av. Efter vÃ¥ldtÃ¤kterna tvingas de sitta pÃ¥ glÃ¶dande kol. Eller sÃ¥ fÃ¥r de upphettade plastflaskor fastsmÃ¤lta i huden, eller i underliven. Ibland huggs deras barn ihjÃ¤l med machetes framfÃ¶r deras Ã¶gon samtidigt som de gruppvÃ¥ldtas. En kvinna vÃ¥ldtogs med sin mans avhuggna huvud liggandes pÃ¥ hennes brÃ¶st. Ã terstÃ¥r dÃ¥ min frÃ¥ga:Har USA nÃ¥gonsin funderat pÃ¥ att invadera Kongo?
Och jag kan bara tillÃ¤gga med ett citat av Edward W Said, av mÃ¥nga kallas postkolonialismens (alltsÃ¥: postkolonialistisk teori) fader:
Even with its terrible failings and its appaling dictator (who was partly created by US policy two decades ago) were Iraq to have been the worldÂ´s largest exporter of bananas or oranges, surely there would have been no war, no hysteria over mysteriously vanished weapons of mass destruction, no transporting of an enormous army, navy and air force 7000 miles away to destroy a country scarcely known even to the educated American, all in the name of "freedom". (ur fÃ¶rordet, skrivet 2003 till klassiska Orientalism frÃ¥n 1978, s. XV)
Sun Eggs- Dead Dolphins - Dead Dolphins
Sun Eggs- Light - Dead Dolphins
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Fleet Foxes- Mearcstapa - CrackUp
Yo La Tengo- The Room Got Heavy - I Am Not Afraid Of You And I Will Beat Your Ass
Tangle Eye- Heaven - Alan Lomaxs Southern Journey Remixed
Spindrift- When I Was Free - Classic Soundtracks Vol 1
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Songhoy Blues- Voter - Rsistance
The Souljazz Orchestra- Agbara - Rising Sun
Gunn Truscinski Duo- County Fair Getaway - Ocean Parkway
La Luz- Dont Wanna Be Anywhere - Weirdo Shrine
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Spires- Calm July - Ep
Foxtrot Sierra And The Uniforms- Local Riders On Your Tail - Surfin Krautlifornia
Kaleidoscope- Keep Your Mind Open - Side Trips
Skinshape- Dont Call My Name - Life Love
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Kevin Morby- City Music - City Music
Erykah Badu- Ill Call U Back - But You Caint Use My Phone
Rokk- Patience - I Want To Live High
Zapp- More Bounce To The Ounce Radio Version - Zapp
The Green Arrows- Towering Inferno - 4Track Recording Session
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Orquestra Pacifico Tropical- Cumbia Sobre El Mar - Rio Frio
Ozferti- Homeboyz - Southern Roads
El Michels Affair- Tearz feat Lee Fields The Shacks - Return To The 37th Chamber
Mounika- De Roses Et De Colombes - How Are You
Mounika- Car Sans Toi Je Mennuie - How Are You
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Dream Stars- Pop Makossa Invasion - Pop Makossa The Invasive Dance Beat Of Cameroon 19761984
Curtis Knight- Down In The Village - Down In The Village Remastered
Mr Airplane Man- Travelin - Cmon DJ
Roya- Rich Kid - Roya
The Lijadu Sisters- Bayi Lense - Mother Africa
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Orquestra La Solucion- A Bailar Son Montuno - Ebirac 7 Single
Jane Jane Pollock- Punching Jackie - Jane Jane Pollock
Tamara Rene- Cycles - Conjur Woman
Tommy Guerrero Gadget- Deep Sleep - Hoy Yen Assn
Joe Cocker- Woman To Woman - Joe Cocker
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Young Marble Giants- Click Talk - Test Card Ep
Six Organs Of Admittance- Taken By Ascent - Burning The Threshold
Kosmischer Lufer- Sandtrommel - Live In Graz EP
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The White Stripes- Im Bound To Pack It Up - De Stijl
-El viaje fue tranquilo, nos divertimos, soÃ±amos, en algÃºn momento lloramos. La decepciÃ³n y las heridas pasan por una mirada renovadora e inteligente, todos queremos ser felices y llevamos nuestra propia cruz. En esta experiencia Dios nos quiere en el momento oportuno.
-Decidieron entubarla pese a llegar sin signos vitales. Solicitaron las famosas ampollas para diluir los trombos. Aunque el tiempo se vencÃa pero lograron conseguirlas. El peligro de la hemorragia cerebral fue superada y aunque estÃ¡bamos esperando la noticia final no la querÃamos ni pensar.
-Ese dÃa mostraron la capacidad para hacer grandes cosas en uniÃ³n. Fue una gran revelaciÃ³n de la calidad de familia que tenemos.
-Ese momento personas desconocidas, como buenos samaritanos, nos ayudaron a levantarnos, nos infundieron esperanza, no nos sentimos solos. Conseguir cama en el Seguro Social no es fÃ¡cil, adecuaron la cama en Trauma Shock y en esa decisiÃ³n difÃcil nadie sacÃ³ cuerpo para trasladarla con firmeza.
-Encontrar profesionales que ayudaron y daban aliento de vida. Una enfermera que sufriÃ³ el mismo cuadro y con su cuerpo de cristal se fortaleciÃ³ para cuidar a las madres que ella en su momento no pudo salvar. Aquellos que nos botaron de la sala y los que entendÃan nuestra angustia nos han enseÃ±ado que Dios ha estado grande con nosotros.
-Cada minuto, coordinaciÃ³n para no quitar la mirada, alertas a la medicina. Desde nuestra invasiÃ³n de las bancas en la sala de espera como madre obsesiva orÃ¡bamos y esperÃ¡bamos manifestaciones de vida.
-Ha sido la ocasiÃ³n para que papÃ¡ y mamÃ¡ vayan aceptando la edad, asumiendo un nuevo rol. Para saber que nuestros proyectos egoÃstas tienen un tronco que cualquier intento de desvinculaciÃ³n nos hace perder piso porque nos desnaturaliza.
Muchos signos seguramente obviados en esta pequeÃ±a oraciÃ³n de agradecimiento. âPor algo serÃ¡â Â¿CÃ³mo dar esperanza y motivar a la fe a muchas personas que a diario lloran la impotencia de no salvar a sus seres queridos?
En este contexto, recuerdo que un 18 de enero el Papa Francisco se encontrÃ³ con miles de jÃ³venes en los patios de la Pontificia Universidad de Santo TomÃ¡s en Manila, Filipinas, sin imaginar que la las lÃ¡grimas de una niÃ±a le harÃa cambiar el discurso preparado y darle una respuesta que fue como un bÃ¡lsamo para las penas.
Nos hace falta llorar, seguramente CREER. âQueridos chicos y chicas, al mundo de hoy le falta llorar. Lloran los marginados, lloran aquellos que son dejados de lado, lloran los despreciados; pero, aquellos que llevamos una vida mÃ¡s o menos sin necesidades, no sabemos llorarâ.
Muchos lloran sÃ³lo por dinero y ambiciÃ³n. âCiertas realidades de la vida se ven solamente con los ojos limpios por las lÃ¡grimas. Los invito a que cada uno se pregunte: âÂ¿Yo aprendÃ a llorar? Â¿Yo aprendÃ a llorar cuando veo un niÃ±o con hambre, un niÃ±o drogado en la calle, un niÃ±o que no tiene casa, un niÃ±o abandonado, un niÃ±o abusado, un niÃ±o usado por una sociedad como esclavo?â. Â¿O mi llanto es el llanto caprichoso de aquel que llora porque le gustarÃa tener algo mÃ¡s?
Sin duda, en aquellos momentos nos dimos espacio para llorar, para orar, para fortalecer la fe. Este corazÃ³n agradecido y creyente no desmaye en el egoÃsmo. La vida es mÃ¡s que la acumulaciÃ³n individualista, mÃ¡s que el opio de la decidÃa.
Quiero agradecer a cada uno de la familia, de los amigos, de los amigos que preguntaban y visitaban a âdoÃ±a Militaâ. A todos los que nos acompaÃ±aron con sus oraciones. Aunque mamÃ¡ Mila dice que no recuerda nada pero sÃ vio la cantidad de niÃ±os bailando como pastorcitas de navidad, sÃ, es una seÃ±al de miles de Ã¡ngeles que se unieron a nuestras oraciones. Por es, el SeÃ±or ha estado grande con nosotros y estamos alegres.
Gil ScottHeron- The Revolution Will Not Be Televised - Pieces Of A Man
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JOSH WHITE- Trouble - FREE AND EQUAL BLUES
David Honeyboy Edwards- Worried Life Blues - Library Of Congress A Treasury Of Field Recordings
Bessie Smith- Poor Mans Blues - The Complete Recordings Vol 4
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Leadbelly- Bourgeois Blues - Bourgeois Blues
SWEET HONEY IT ROCK- Aint Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Round - Freedom Song
Billie Holiday Tony Scott Orchestra- Strange Fruit - Lady Sings The Blues
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John Coltrane Quartet- Alabama - Live At Birdland
Sam Cooke- A Change Is Gonna Come - Aint That Good News
Mingus Big Band- It Was A Lonely Day In Selma Alabama Freedom - Blues Politics