Karen Has Her Point        


Perhaps when you are visiting the public protests they do not overtly carry the "I Am Racist" signs, but my Mom hears it day and night from her co-workers in her red state. Racism is alive and well and it can influence people's politics.

Adrienne you mentioned "The tea party is a large, unorganized group of people."

How is this true? They clearly were proud to be carrying the title of "Tea Party" during the last elections. I don't hear "Independent" or "Green" like I hear about the "Tea Party". They have an influence and like Karen says it is a strand within the party, not the party platform itself.

In your recent posts you had wanted specific points to discuss. I named them and never heard back from you. Please respond to people when they act on that request.

You are right, it isn't fair to generalize people but I believe we are seeing a huge generation gap in our government's representation.

Democrats tend to have a difficult time paying attention to politics and getting to the voting booths because of the restrictive corporate-friendly schedules Republicans have laid out for us.

Heather blogs about Motherhood & Other Offensive Situations at http://www.ultimateoutcasts.com.


          RUSSIA: Babushkas rule        

Russia will be reshaped not by revolution but by urbanization and a life expectancy gap between men and women, writes Ekaterina Schulmann

Historical parallels are a curse of our time because they prevent rational analysis of social and political processes. Once you hear that 2014 is 1914 all over again, or that a certain regime is heading towards a new Nazism, this is a clear signal to stop listening, as clear as when you are advised to read Dostoevsky to gain insight into the ‘Russian soul’.

It is time to stop taking Karl Marx’s joke at face value: history does not repeat itself, either as tragedy, or as farce. Since there is an infinite supply of historical facts, it is likely that striking similarities between past and present events are based either on the magic of numbers – 1914/2014 – or on highlighting some facts while ignoring others.

The main sin of parallelism is that it negates progress. It is stuck in the Middle Ages, when the wheel of fortune decreed that nothing changed.

The same type of thinking that denies the passage of time, however, makes a fetish of space and turns geography into destiny.

People who balk at a comparison between the Russian and Venezuelan political systems are happy to compare modern Russia with the Russia of Ivan the Terrible, Nicholas II or Stalin, periods that have nothing to do with our time economically, culturally or socially.

So what are we to make of this year’s centenary of the revolutions that ended the Russian Empire, and the fashionable search for clues to the future of today’s Russia? To unpick the parallels, it is worth exploring the basic composition of Russian society then and now through demographic trends − while understanding that demography influences, but does not determine, political processes.

Looking at the demographic data of Russia for 2016 and for the Russian regions of the Empire by 1917, we see two major trends that shaped the 20th century: ageing and urbanization.

The median age of a Russian citizen of today is 39 years. In 1917, the average age of a resident of Petrograd was 19. In 1885, there were 11.6 million city dwellers in Russia, a figure that doubled within 30 years to 23.2 million in 1914. In 1940 the urban population of the USSR was 60.6 million people and in 1956, 87 million. Within 40 years, 54 million people had moved from village to town. By the late 1950s, the urban population equalled the peasantry.

Urbanization was a feature of the era that transformed agrarian societies into modern industrial ones. The grimmer appendages of this process were global wars of the type unknown to previous ages, combining the genocidal intent of Genghis Khan with new weapons capable of wiping out millions of lives. The young people wanting to climb up the social ladder by moving from the countryside to the cities could play two roles: as the drivers of progress or the cogs in great totalitarian machines of repression, as happened in Russia and China.

There are gaps in the Russian demographic pyramid that we see repeated roughly every 20 to 25 years. These are the traces of the horror that was the Russian 20th century – mostly the human loss of the Second World War, but also of the civil war, collectivization, numerous waves of genocide and organized hunger. If you compare the modern demographic pyramids of the former Soviet republics, you will see a picture resembling the Russian pyramid, but with the edges somewhat smoothed.

Today 74.4 per cent of the citizens of Russia live in cities, according to Rosstat, the Russian statistics service. Agrarian Russia, the Russia of the peasantry, is now the stuff of folklore. Given the state of the transport and road infrastructure, it is reasonable to assert that Russia today consists of 15 cities and their agglomerations, with more or less empty space in between.

There are two exceptions: the agricultural regions of Southern Russia and the national republics of the North Caucasus. Remarkably, these are also the regions with distinct political cultures and electoral behaviour differing from that of central, northern or Siberian Russia.

Ethnically, if we compare the results of the censuses of 1991 in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, as the territory of the Russian Federation was defined in Soviet times, and the last census of 2010, we see a gradual consolidation of the ethnically Russian population. Non-Russian Judeo-Christian ethnic groups are declining or disappearing: Jews, Germans, even Ukrainians and Belarusians are markedly less numerous in 2010 than in 1991. The sole exception is the Armenians.

At the same time, there is quite significant growth of those ethnic groups that can be described as Muslim: the Azeris, the Tartars, and the Caucasian nations. Very roughly put, in the Russia of today we see two groups of unequal size, but also with unequal demographic dynamics: the generalized Russian and the generalized Muslim nations.

Having said this, it is important to remember that these are not actual ‘communities’ or even ‘ethnic groups’: there is not so much in common between the Kazan Tatars and the Chechens, while the ‘Russian’ Russians are extremely diverse.

These statistics, of course, can be readily used for all kinds of political catastrophism. They can be turned to support nationalistic propaganda of the ‘let’s declare a mono-national state before it’s too late’ type, or the ‘Russians are all dying out and being replaced by people from the Caucasus’.

In fact, Russia is not dying out in any perceivable way, the birth rates being moderately low, but on a par with the general level of countries of comparable economic status and social composition.

Looking at the demographic pyramid of 2016, we see not just an old, but an ageing population, with the predominance of women growing with each rise up the age scale. This is due to the difference in average life expectancy between the genders: men die sooner, and the more pronounced gender inequality starts after 55 years. Life expectancy has been slowly growing for the past 15 years yet according to data for 2016 it is still a shockingly low 66.5 years for males and an almost decent 77 years for females.

The real Russian demographic problem is not low birth rate, but early mortality, especially male mortality, which is almost totally due to preventable social causes: alcoholism, driving accidents, violent crime, high prison population and treatable diseases, most importantly cardiovascular.

There is a total absence of what demographers call a ‘youth bulge’ − a disproportionately high number of 15 to 25-year-olds in the population pyramid. Such a youth bulge was very visible in the population pyramid of Germany in 1933, the year Hitler was appointed Chancellor, and − in a milder form − in Russia in 1927.

Today we have instead what might be termed a youth gap − a visible failure below 25 to 29 years caused by the relatively small generation born during the first half of the 90s. The following 15 to 19 stratum is even smaller − a continuation of the low fertility of the second half of the 90s and early 2000s.

Since 2002, the birth rate has been gradually increasing, and at the base of our pyramid we see two decent-sized ‘bricks’ −Russians aged 10 years or less. Their participation in the political process is yet to come.

What does this demographic picture mean for a country’s political development? Always keeping in mind that demography affects but does not determine political processes, it is possible to discern some tendencies.

With women aged 45 and older becoming the predominant social group in Russia, this creates the impetus to shift the policy agenda towards social issues − healthcare, education, a comfortable living environment. This is in marked contrast to official budget priorities, focused on security, the military and costly foreign adventures.

The decision-makers of the ruling bureaucracy are largely males aged 60-plus, with military, secret service and law-enforcement backgrounds. Their values and interests may be not as aligned with those of the Russian majority as they would like to think.

Demography is an important factor that affects a country’s likelihood of edging towards authoritarianism. Poor demography isn’t a death sentence; however, the existence of a ‘youth bulge’ correlates with a society’s proneness to violence.

When the majority of the population in a country is over 40, protests are more likely to be peaceful and legal. At the same time, an older population has no effect on the probability of a military coup, the other bane of semi-autocracies that don’t have a politically valid mechanism for the transfer of power.

While young people go to demonstrations, older people go to elections. By casting their ballots, the old deliver the results required by the authorities and also agree to accept them as legitimate.

The latter is an important factor in a political system that relies heavily on falsifications and the use of the ‘administrative resource’ to boost turnout and achieve desirable voting outcomes. If younger Russians neither vote nor take an interest in election campaigns and their results, it erodes the election’s legitimacy, making protest activity a more attractive option.

The next generation gap, stemming from the relatively small generation born in the 1990s and early 2000s which is now entering its fertility age, will ensure a continuing need to replace the shortfall with migrant workers. This, inevitably, will form the basis of continuing political tensions for the next 15 to 20 years.

In a longer perspective, we have the continuing ultra-urbanization process that will draw Russia closer and closer to the picture of ‘15 great cities with empty spaces in between’. These are: Moscow, St Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Samara, Rostov-on-Don, Ufa, Krasnoyarsk, Perm, Voronezh and Volgograd. Close behind are Krasnodar, Saratov and Tyumen.

The cities of industrial Siberia − Tyumen, Krasnoyarsk, Tomsk, Novosibirsk − and Southern Russia and the North Caucasus − Makhachkala, Krasnodar, Rostov-on-Don − demonstrate the most stable population growth in recent years, both due to natural birth increase and migration.

These 15 to 18 cities and the surrounding territories serving them will inevitably strive to become both sources and centres of political power. This is in direct opposition to the current political system that has all-but abolished direct mayoral elections, crushed the freedoms and financial independence of municipalities and strives to uphold at least the appearance of a ‘vertical of power’ by heavy dependence on regional authorities − which, in their turn, are kept under control by a centralized budgeting system and the threat of criminal prosecution.

Both varying demographic dynamics and migration rates will widen the differences in ethnic composition between different regions and between the smaller towns and the megapolises. The core Russian territories are growing more and more uniformly Russian (and its towns are experiencing population decline), while the bigger cities present a globally familiar picture of ethnic and religious diversity.

Today even Moscow is, by international standards, almost a mono-ethnic and certainly a mono-racial city as compared with New York or London, but this will change in the coming decades. Already today the mayor of Moscow is from the Far North and the deputy mayor is from Tatarstan, a cause of some political discontent. In future we are likely to see people from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and other parts of Central Asia who want administrative and political careers in the capital.

Today’s social tensions are often created by the average Russian’s suspicious attitude towards both working migrants in the cities and non-Russians in the administration, the courts and the police.

In the foreseeable future the ethnic shifts described above will dangerously increase those tensions, if they are not absorbed and co-opted by working political institutions, competitive public politics and pluralistic media − not exacerbated or exploited by the state-run media’s short-sighted propaganda and a monopolistic ruling elite which makes little room for the generations below them who are keen for their turn at power.



Ekaterina Schulmann is an Associate Professor in the School of Public Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

          Lebanon Politics        
Michel Aoun comes home to roost

by Sami Moubayed [from Asia Times May 13, 2005]


DAMASCUS - Michel Aoun's return to Lebanon on May 7, after 15 years of exile, is yet to shake the political landscape of Lebanon. To some, it is a great victory, to others, a humiliation and a bitter reminder of civil war memories that many people have been working hard to forget.

Aoun returned to Lebanon on the offensive, hateful of everyone and everything that kept him in exile for so long, promising destruction of the existing order and sweet revenge. The Beirut he entered last week was very different from the war torn one he left behind in 1990. That Beirut did not have a Rafik Harrri hallmark on it. Yet, all the actors of Beirut 1990 are still there.

Former president Amin Gemayel, who appointed Aoun prime minister in 1988, upsetting tradition in Lebanon because Aoun was a Maronite, is still there. Patriarch Man Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir, who worked for Aoun's downfall, is also still in religious office. Ex-prime minister Salim al-Hoss, who led a rivaling cabinet in 1989-1990, is there, and so is Samir Gagegea, who Aoun had viciously fought in the eastern districts of Beirut. The general who had been chief-of-staff and who had orchestrated Aoun's exodus from Baabda Palace, stands today in Baabda Palace, the legitimate and internationally recognized president of the Lebanese Republic.

At Beirut Airport, Aoun told the masses, most of whom were too young to remember the civil war, Lebanon will never be governed again by the "political feudalism" and "religious system that dates back to the 19th century". He called for an end to "old fashioned prototypes which represent the old bourgeoisie which persisted without questioning". Aoun has effectively promised to strike back at the entire political establishment of Lebanon. Will he succeed?

Before returning to Lebanon, Aoun promised a "tsunami" in Lebanese politics. Aoun's first encounter with the press and well-wishers at Beirut Airport was less than diplomatic. Annoyed at all the commotion, the ex-general barked at those welcoming him, claiming they were noisy. Once a military man, always a military man. Aoun was never a politician and never had direct contact with the Lebanese public. When people started seeing him as a national leader in 1989-1990, he was too busy with his war against Gagegea and Syria to engage in populist politics. The security situation in Lebanon also prevented him from doing that. He never staged rallies during his career in Lebanon, but rather, was always confined to the barracks, living the life of a professional soldier.

The average age of his supporters is 20, an age where young men and women are full of life, and easily enchanted by Aoun's fiery speeches, which he gave from his exile in France. A generation hungry for reform and hope, they supported Aoun as an exiled leader. Now that he has returned to Lebanon, and engaged himself once again in the dirty game of Arab politics, he might lose the aura he had created for himself as a "struggler" from 1990-2005. He also faces the difficulties of a wide generation gap between him and his supporters. Aoun is 70, while his supporters are in their early 20s. If he fails to live up to their expectations, this impatient generation could quickly abandon him and turn to younger, more attractive politicians.

Aoun has said he has his eyes set on the presidency, but by the next time presidential elections take place in Lebanon in 2007, Aoun will be 72. Also, Aoun needs to understand that unlike in the 1980s, the Maronites are no longer the de facto rulers of Lebanon - not because of Syria, but because demographics have changed in the Lebanese Republic. It is the Muslims (or more specifically the Shi'ites) who are the current majority in Lebanon, and any future deal should be cut with the Muslims. Aoun cannot spearhead opposition to traditional Muslim leaders, nor can he completely cozy up to them, in fear of losing support within his own Maronite constituency. While he was in exile, the Maronites created new leaders for themselves who even today would defeat Aoun in the most democratic of elections. The first name that comes to mind is Nasib Lahhoud, a moderate, seasoned, and highly respected Maronite politician. Also, so long as Aoun remains on bad terms with Sfeir, whom he promised to visit soon, he stands a slim chance of becoming the leader he strives to be, since Sfeir is still considered a principal figure and ultimate authority in Christian politics in Lebanon.

History of Michel Aoun

Aoun was born in 1935 into a poor family in Haret Hraik, a Shi'ite neighborhood that currently serves as a stronghold for Hezbollah, the Shi'ite resistance of Lebanon. It acquired this status in the 15-years of Aoun's absence in Paris, and upon his return to Beirut, one of the first questions fired at him by a journalist was whether he intended to visit his native neighborhood, which is swarming with Shi'ite warriors today, and meet with Hezbollah's Secretary General Hasan Nasrallah. He replied affirmatively.

The Haret Hraik that Aoun was born into in 1935 was a mixed Muslim-Christian suburb south of Beirut. Aoun attended Catholic schools, lived with a religious family, but declared years later that he "never differentiated between Ali and Peter, or between Hasan and Michel".

Aoun finished high school in 1955, during the heyday of Christian power in Lebanon under the regime of the Christian "king", president Kamil Sham'un. He enrolled at the Military Academy and graduated in 1958, while a Muslim uprising was raging in Lebanon against Sham'un. Aoun watched attentively as the Lebanese army, which he was entering, remained loyal to its president. When Aoun was 40, his country went to civil war, as the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) of Yasser Arafat fought with the Muslims of Lebanon against the Maronite forces of Pierre Gemayel, who were backed by Syria. By the late 1970s, the Lebanese army had fractured along sectarian lines, yet Aoun, having learned from the 1958 experience, remained loyal to the central government. In the early 1980s, he became head of the "defense brigade" of the Lebanese army, a unit separating East and West Beirut. In 1982, he was involved in fighting against the Israeli army that occupied Beirut.

That same year, Aoun created the 8th brigade, which fought the Syrian army in the Souk al-Gharb pass overlooking Beirut. In June 1984, a reconciliation conference was held for all warring parties in Switzerland (brokered by former prime minister Rafiq al-Harriri). Army commander Ibrahim Tannous was fired and replaced by General Aoun. Aoun complied, but took no part in politics, giving no press interviews in 1984-1988. In September 1988, 15 minutes before the end of his term, president Amin Gemayel appointed Aoun prime minister, thereby breaching the National Pact of 1943, which said that a prime minister had to be a Muslim Sunni, whereas the president's office would be occupied exclusively by a Maronite Christian. Lebanon's Muslim prime minister, Salim al-Hoss, who had taken over after the assassination of prime minister Rashid Karameh, refused to step down, resulting in two Lebanese governments. Aoun's team reigned from Baabda Palace.

When he came to power, Aoun only controlled limited areas of East Beirut. To establish himself as a cross-confessional leader, Aoun began his war on the Lebanese Forces (LF), a Maronite militia headed by Gagegea. He ordered 15,000 of his troops into action and wrestled the port of Beirut from the LF. He shelled entire neighborhoods of East Beirut and infuriated the Christians of Lebanon, who to date, had kept East Beirut quiet and safe. Ghassan Tweini, publisher of the Beirut daily al-Nahhar, said in an interview years later that the Christians will not forgive Aoun for dropping bombs on their heads during what was labeled "the war of cancellation" within the Maronite community. On March 14, 1989, Aoun declared a "war of liberation" against Syria. This war was one of his bloodiest. He ignored the advice of the Arab League, destroyed what remained of West Beirut, and contributed to the exodus of over 1 million people from Beirut. He opened channels with Syria's archenemies, Iraqi president Saddam Hussein and PLO chairman Arafat, both of whom supported him with no hesitation.

Aoun finally agreed to a cease-fire by the Arab League in September 1989, but refused to endorse the Taif Accord of Saudi Arabia (October 1989), claiming that it did not call for the withdrawal of the Syrian army from Lebanon. He was also opposed to the constitutional changes that emerged at Taif, which stated that the Muslim prime minister would be voted on by parliament and not appointed by the Maronite president. Support for Taif came from both Gagegea and Sfeir, who declared that Aoun's stance was illegal and unconstitutional. Around 100 of Aoun's supporters even invaded the Patriarchal See in Bkirki, physically assaulting Sfeir for his support of Taif. Sfeir complained that Aoun's army, stationed at the gates of Bkirki, had failed to protect him. Aoun's "rebellion" ended rapidly when in August 1990, his friend Saddam invaded Kuwait. The United States, eager to defeat the Iraqi dictator, wanted Arab support in Operation Desert Storm. It found no better way to achieve that than through an alliance with Syria for the liberation of Kuwait. Syria's late president Hafez al-Asad sent his army to the Arabian Desert, and in reward, the US gave him a green light to bring the saga of Michel Aoun to an end.

On the morning of October 13, 1990, the Syrian army launched a massive operation on Baabda Palace and areas of East Beirut controlled by General Aoun. The defeated general fled to the French Embassy in Beirut then moved to Paris when president Francois Mitterrand gave him political asylum. Syria established itself in Lebanon with firm power through Lebanon's new president Elias Hrawi, his prime minister Rafiq al-Harriri, and speaker Nabih Berri, all of whom came to power with the direct backing of Damascus. Meanwhile, a pro-Aoun movement emerged in Beirut, among high school and university students, called the Free Patriotic Movement, which he supported from his Paris-exile. In 2003, Aoun played a leading role in getting the US to pass the Syrian Accountability and Lebanese Sovereignty Act, which brought criminal charges against him in Beirut, where many described his alliance with Washington against Damascus as treason. During the early 1990s, it became common in certain Christian neighborhoods to read the phrase: "Aoun will return!"

Aoun has returned

Aoun has returned and finds a political arena fertile for activism. The first issue to erupt in everyone's face is the 2000 election law, which will govern parliamentary elections scheduled to take place for Lebanon's 128-seat chamber on four consecutive Sundays, starting on May 29. This law, drafted by General Ghazi Kenaan, who was Syria's intelligence supreme in Lebanon until 2002, places Christian districts within larger Muslim ones. Bsherri, for example, the birthplace of Gagegea and a strong base for his disbanded LF, is in the same district as Dinniyeh, which has a Muslim majority. With a Muslim majority, the Christians will have to rely on them for the victory of their candidates. Chairman of the Lebanese Socialist Progressive party and opposition leader Walid Jumblatt has allied himself with Sfeir, much to the displeasure of Aoun, and Saad al-Harriri, the political heir and son of Lebanon's slain former prime minister Rafiq al-Harriri. A meeting on Tuesday between Harriri Jr and Aoun raises fears of a Aoun-Harriri alliance in the upcoming elections, much to the displeasure of Jumblatt, who refuses to meet or work with Aoun. Christian opposition members are pressing for a new law with smaller constituencies but many are opposed to any change, fearing that a change would delay the elections, which Prime Minister Najib Mikati has promised to hold on time.

For his part, Aoun is delicately striking his election alliances with former archenemies and foes. Aoun received Strida Gagegea, the wife of arrested warlord Samir Gagegea, and promised to "turn a page on the past". Samir Gagegea, arrested in 1994, will be released from jail soon, but not before the elections take place, since it is in nobody's interest in Lebanon for him to enter the election race, after 11 years of arrest, and turn the tables on Aoun, Lahhoud, Jumblatt and practically everyone else.

More surprisingly, Aoun received Hezbollah representative Ali Ammar, who said that a high-profile meeting was soon to be held between Aoun and Hezbollah leader Hasan Nasrallah, since both men share a parallel vision on political reform. Both imposed themselves on Lebanese politics forcefully, and neither are members of the feudal notability of Lebanese politics that has been in power with no interruptions since the turn of the 20th century. Many fear an electoral alliance between Nasrallah and Aoun, which Ammar hinted at after his meeting with the ex-general. Aoun has also received another traditional foe, the Amal Movement, which is headed by the pro-Syrian Speaker of Parliament Berri.

Aoun has also allied himself with the pro-Syrian ex-minister of interior Sulayman Franjiyyieh, who visited him upon his return to Beirut and said that Aoun's team were "true Christians", claiming that rivalries in the past do not mean an alliance cannot be formed between them today. Aoun also allied himself with Emile Lahhoud Jr, the son of the president who is a deputy in parliament for the Maronite stronghold of al-Metn. An alliance with Lahhoud Jr would also mean an alliance with Lahhoud Jr's brother-in-law Elias al-Murr, another pro-Syrian former minister of interior. Traditionally, the Lahhouds and their in-laws, the Murrs, were the ones to gain the most from the 2000 election law, because due to their alliance with pro-Syrian Muslims, they also secured a majority in parliamentary elections. Today, both the Lahhouds and Murrs fear that Aoun's popularity in al-Metn would ruin their standing among Christian voters in the Maronite district. That is why the president said on Tuesday that the 2000 election law, which he had once relentlessly defended, "does not achieve equality among the Lebanese". If Aoun allies himself with other politicians in al-Metn, like ex-president Gemayel or Nasib Lahhoud, he can easily defeat the Lahhouds and the Murrs. This is why Lahhoud Jr, probably under the guidance of his father, hurried to work with Aoun, although Aoun has been the loudest critic of the Lahhoud regime since its creation in 1998, describing it as a Syrian-creation.

A defeat for Lahhoud in the upcoming elections would be a disaster for the Lebanese president, for he would run a high risk of being voted out of office if an anti-Syrian, or anti-Lahhoud parliament is elected. That is why the Lahhouds, who have been pro-Syria more than Syria itself, need Aoun today (more so than Syria) to survive in Lebanon. Another early-caller on Aoun was Druze leader Talal Arslan, who combats Jumblatt over leadership of the Druze community in Lebanon. He too offered to work with Aoun, to defeat Jumblatt in the Druze-Maronite district of Aley.

Jumblatt would also fear an alliance between Aoun and Hezbollah in Baabda. Jumblatt, fearing Aoun's influence in the elections, was highly critical of Aoun and called on Lahhoud to resign, wanting to get rid of both men. Aoun stood up for the Lebanese president, who he has repeatedly criticized, signaling that he might ally himself with Lahhoud, Syria, and Hezbollah, to defeat Jumblatt and the current leaders of the Lebanese opposition. Once rid of Jumblatt, and in the power struggle of Lebanon, he would turn his attention against Lahhoud, Syria, and Hezbollah. This is a complex and complicated game, even by the standards of Lebanon.


Sami Moubayed is a Syrian political analyst.

[Copyright 2005 Asia Times Online Ltd. All rights reserved. Please contact us for information on sales, syndication and republishing.]
          Ep. 82: NBA Legends Podcast With Micah Peters        
The Ringer's Micah Peters sits down with Gary Payton, Horace Grant, and Theo Ratliff to discuss the generation gap in basketball today, the Westbrook vs. Harden MVP debate, and who is the best Batman villain of all time.
          â€˜Rosemary’s Baby’ brings chill to summer of ‘68        

Beware your overly friendly, slightly kooky neighbors - and be careful what you wish for.

Those warnings appear to be at the heart of
director Roman Polanski's horror film "Rosemary's Baby" which debuted in
movie theaters in the summer of 1968. But there's something far more
dark and sinister lurking beneath the film's slick surface.

Inspired by Ira Levin's bestselling novel, the
movie starred Mia Farrow as Rosemary Woodhouse and John Cassavetes as
her husband, a struggling actor named Guy. While hunting for a new home,
the young couple become enchanted with an older New York City apartment
and move in, only to learn later about the nefarious goings-on of
previous tenants. After the shocking suicide of a resident, the pair
reluctantly befriend their elderly neighbors and begin trying to
conceive. Following what at first seems to be a nightmare, Rosemary
discovers she is pregnant and eventually learns that her baby is the
Devil's offspring.

Audiences packed theaters to catch the
groundbreaking horror film that was light on blood but heavy on
psychological terror. Although they may seem campy today,
Rosemary's dream sequences and the movie's ending shocked filmgoers and
dazzled critics. The film scored awards, too. Ruth Gordon, who played
the eccentric Minnie Castavet, snagged an Oscar for her acting and star
Farrow was nominated for a Golden Globe.

Yet while "Rosemary's Baby" lives up to its
billing as a horror film, it's also possible to view it as a commentary
on the generation gap that fueled the counterculture. The gaggle of
neighbors who Rosemary believes are plotting against her are much older,
and seem eager to latch onto her youth and naiveté for their own
devious purpose. Those that she turns to for salvation are her peers.

The movie also gives contemporary audiences a
glimpse into the highly orchestrated role - and tightly-coiled angst -
of a mid-20th century housewife. Everything in Rosemary's world is
minutely controlled by others and her attempts at freedom ultimately
prove fruitless.

          Political posters help illuminate 1968        

'All of Us or None' curator explores personal, artistic links to momentuous year  

  If you've seen The 1968 Exhibit you've probably come across All
of Us or None
, an excellent showcase of political posters drawn from
a large archive amassed by late Free Speech Movement organizer and
activist Michael Rossman.

The more than 23,000-piece collection is now part of the Oakland
Museum and is overseen by archivist, author, artist and librarian
Lincoln Cushing, who curated the poster exhibit. Cushing selected 68
works - all made in the San Francisco Bay Area - that illustrate the
artistic, social and cultural concerns of the period.

But Cushing's ties to poster art extend beyond the "All of Us or
None" collection. His love for the art form stretches back to
adolescence. In 1968, he was a high school student in Washington D.C.
and says that "anybody with a pulse" was aware of the political movement
swirling around them.

Art was definitely part of the mix and inspired by posters he had
seen, Cushing made his first silkscreen print in 1969. It was a piece
about the generation gap.
He explains that in those days, there was a real difference between
young and old. "The idea of going into a world that was straight and
gray was not appealing," he says. "There was a massive youth culture
itching for something else, something attractive and utopian."

Cushing's poster, viewable on 
is titled "Two Worlds"  and is a bold meditation on the idea of polar
opposites. In it, a pair of silhouettes encased in an oval are separated
by what looks like water. A long haired barefooted youth holding a
guitar and flashing a peace sign is in one half and his opposite,
dressed in a suit and holding a briefcase, is reflected in the other.

Cushing's poster production continued in San Diego where he
attended college. He says he was influenced by the work of Sister Mary
Corita, a Roman Catholic nun and revered artist who was
making "provocative" artistic prints about social justice and civil
rights. "They were beautiful," Cushing remembers. "They inspired me to
jump in."

Fast forward to today
and Cushing is still living and breathing the art form. Organizing the All of None of Us exhibition allowed him to focus on work created during
several decades.

A companion to The 1968 Exhibit, the display showcases three
pieces made that year including a portrait of presidential candidate
Eugene McCarthy by artist Wilfried "Sätty" Podreich. Another depicts a
marijuana joint which Cushing says symbolizes the counterculture and the
shedding of traditional roles and values of the previous decade.
Rounded out by a piece on a strike at San Francisco State University,
the works address three major themes of the 60s and 70s.

But despite the rise of TV and other mass mediums providing intense
coverage of the Vietnam War and other social, political and cultural
issues of that era, posters proved to be an incredibly powerful form of
communication, Cushing explains. They were independent productions,
created at very grass roots levels that "represented a vehicle to get
the word out for poor, disenfranchised communities, Black Panthers,
activists and those without television."

And while today's
political posters might be addressing different subjects, their makers
are definitely looking at the past for inspiration, Cushing says.
"There's a resurgent interest in craft. People are feeling constrained
and this generation is looking at a future that's not enormously happy.
There's a thirst for handmade political prints."

          CGOA-011 - Easy Inspiration Scarf-Downloadable Version        

Bridge the generation gap: teach a young person to crochet! This very easy skinny scarf is an appealing way to introduce the basics of crochet to young people who will become lifelong crocheters. Fabric and style play a role in this easy inspiration scarf.

Pattern by Gwen Blakley Kinsler


          Snapchat Goes Public In Largest Tech IPO Since Alibaba        
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: The company behind the popular video messaging service Snapchat went public today, and it was a rousing debut. Shares of Snap closed up 44 percent on its first day of trading. The company's core audience, 18- to 34-year-olds, is highly sought after by advertisers. And despite the exuberance, Snap faces the perennial challenge for all tech companies - how to make money. NPR's Sonari Glinton and Youth Radio's Natalie Bettendorf report. SONARI GLINTON, BYLINE: In the interest of full disclosure, I'm on Snapchat, but I don't understand it that much. And what I do know I've learned from my best friend's 17-year-old and my colleagues at Youth Radio like Natalie Bettendorf. NATALIE BETTENDORF, BYLINE: It's been something that I've been on since middle school. The problem is that there's this huge generation gap where young people are kind of understanding it intuitively while older people are just completely clueless. So I actually
          319 - Geeky Jobs: Generation Gaps        
Steve Savage joins us for another episode of Geeky Jobs, where we talk about walking up a hill both ways, telling kids to get off our lawns and that we know their parents... We're talking Generation Gaps regarding geeky jobs
          masalah sosial remaja        
Berbagai ragam krisis akhlak dan moral kini terus menular, merebak dan mewabak dalam masyarakat kita khasnya di kalangan remaja. Daripada kes bosia, hamil luar nikah yang diikuti dengan pembuangan zuriat di dalam tong sampah, penderaan, gengsterisme dan vandalisme, rogol, sumbang mahram, ketagihan dadah, hinggalah kepada mat rempit.
Pelbagai kes jenayah berlaku turut melibatkan kes Juvana. Dalam tahun 1995 ,1,895 kes melibatkan Juvana. Daripada jumlah itu 406 kes curi kenderaan atau (21.42 peratus), lain-lain kecurian 451 kes (23.80%), pecah rumah malam hari 324 kes (17.10%), curi dalam bangunan/orang gaji 277 kes (14.62%), mendatangkan kecederaan 154 kes (8.13%), pecah rumah siang hari 148 kes (7.81%), rogol 70 kes (3.70%) dan samun 58 kes (3.06%). Perangkaan-perangkaan yang menggerunkan ini menyerlahkan kepada kita betapa seriusnya krisis akhlak yang melanda remaja di negara kita ketika ini.
Ternyata bahawa pendidikan moral kita dengan enam belas nilai teras, pendidikan sivik, pendidikan Islam, pendidikan jarak jauh dan sebagainya; masih jauh untuk dapat menangani kegawatan dan kemerosotan dalam bidang ini. Faktor-faktor tertentu seperti mencari kepuasan nafsu, ingin membebaskan diri dari kemiskinan,kongsi gelap, dadah, bertelingkah dengan ibu bapa , gagal dalam peperiksaan , bosan duduk di rumah, trauma akibat perbuatan seks dan sebagainya rupa-rupanya lebih berpengaruh dari asuhan institusi pendidikan yang sedia ada.Perkembangan akhlak seseorang boleh dibahagikan kepad tiga tahap :a) Tahap awal kanak-kanakb) Tahap pertengahan dan akhir kanak-kanakc) Tahap baligh dan remajaPeringkat pertamaDalam peringkat ini kanak-kanak mula membentuk keyakinan kepada persekitarannya. Proses ini amat bergantung kepada belaian ibu yang berterusan di mana ibu memenuhi keperluan emosi dan fisiologinya. Hubungan ibu dan anak dalam peringkat ini perlulah dijaga dan perkukuhkan sehingga kanak-kanak mempunyai keyakinan kepada lingkungan dan alam sekitarnya. Anak-anak yang tidak memperolehi perhatian serta kasih sayang ibu dalam tahap ini perkembangan emosional dan fizikalnya mungkin akan terbantut. Anak tersebut kelihatan lebih kecil dari umurnya yang sebenar.Dalam peringkat 18 bulan hingga 3 tahun kanak-kanak mula beralih daripada bersandarkan kepada ibu semata-mata. Kanak-kanak mula membentuk keperibadiannya tersendiri, di mana ia bertarung untuk memastikan pilihannya sendiri. Dalam peringkat ini ibu wajar memberikan penuh perhatian. Kegagalan kanak-kanak tersebut dalam merealisasikan kemandiriannya menyebabkannya ia akan ragu terhadap dirinya serta kurang yakin dengan kemampuannya sekaligus mengakibatkan berkurangnya keyakinan kepada orang lain. Anak-anak akan bersifat malu dan merasa serba kekurangan.Keupayaan anak-anak untuk mandiri serta merasakan kewujudan dirinya yang tersendiri cukup penting dalam peringkat ini. Dalam tahap inilah berkembangnya sifat-sifat personal seperti sayang, benci, ego serta kebebasan untuk mengungkap perasaan. Dalam peringkat umur 3 hingga 6 tahun kanak-kanak tersebut terus mengembangkan kemandirian dengan kegiatan yang lebih meluas; di mana mereka lebih aktif bergerak, mempunyai tahap prihatin yang lebih tinggi, banyak bertanya dan bercakap. Ibu bapa dan pengasuh wajar mengarahkan kanak-kanak dengan bijak agar mereka memperoleh kemahiran-kemahiran mengatur dan menyusun sesuatu sehingga kanak-kanak berjaya melaksanakannya. Layanan yang kasar serta kekerasan yang berlebihan boleh menjejaskan jiwa, mental dan fizikal kanak-kanak.Ibu bapa tidak wajar menganggap kanak-kanak pada peringkat ini seperti orang tua dalam erti kata meletakkan tanggungjawab moral dan akhlak terhadap perbuatan dan reaksinya kerana kanak-kanak masih belum mampu membezakan dengan tepat dan memahami sesuatu. Mereka hendaklah dikasihi, diperlakukan secara lemah lembut dan sikap toleransi. Rasulullah S.A.W. sendiri pernah menunjukkan sifat-sifat yang demikian. Abu Qatabah meriwayatkan pada suatu hari Nabi keluar menemui kami. Beliau mendokong Umamah Abu 'Asr. Beliau bersembahyang sambil mendokong Umamah, apabila Baginda ruku', beliau meletakkan dan apabila ia bangun ia dukung semula Umamah. Hadis ini membayangkan betapa kasihnya Rasulullah kepada cucunya.Beliau tidak memperlakukannya sebagai manusia yang mengerti segala-galanya.Beliau membenarkan anak tersebut bersamanya ketika sembahyang walhal sembahyang itu adalah ibadah yang suci dalam Islam.Peringkat pertengahan dan akhir kanak-kanakDalam peringkat ini kanak-kanak mula memperluas arena hubungan sosial dan pergaulannya dengan orang lain yang sekampung atau sesekolah atau juga rakan sebaya dengannya. Kanak-kanak mula menyesuaikan diri dengan situasi dan kondisi baru dalam hidupnya. Ia mula membezakan perbuatan dan jenis-jenis tindak tanduk yang disukai oleh orang lain atau sebaliknya. Ia gembira jika orang lain puas dengan perbuatannya. Sebaliknya ia kecewa, menyesal jika orang lain marah kepadanya. Ini adalah permulaannya yang betul bagi proses pembentukan akhlak yang luhur.Perkembangan akhlak yang positif ini menyebabkan kanak-kanak selalu berusaha untuk menyelaraskan antara kehendak dirinya dengan kehendak orang lain. Antara kecenderungan dan motivasi dengan nilai agama, akhlak, tradisi, guru, peraturan dan undang-undang. Dalam peringkat ini terteralah kesedaran tentang tanggungjawab akhlak dalam diri kanak-kanak sehingga ia mencapai tahap perkembangan akhlak yang ke-3. Dalam peringkat ini ibu bapa dan guru perlu perihatin kepada kecendurangan ini dan amat perlu diarahkan secara yang bijaksana sehingga kanak-kanak dapat memperolehi model yang utama (role model) di samping mengembangkan kearah nilai-nilai kebaikan.Peringkat yang ketiga iaitu peringkat baligh dan remajaPerkembangan akhlak pada masa ini mula berakar dan mantap. Fizikal kanak-kanak mula berkembang dan membesar. Perkembangan ini diikuti oleh perkembangan sosioemosinya di mana anak tersebut mula memperolehi keperibadiannya yang unik. Ia mula merasakan 'sense of belonging' kepada kelompok yang lebih besar. Peringkat ini adalah peringkat yang amat komplikated (rumit) dan ia disertai oleh pengalaman-pengelaman baru serta peranan dan peluang-peluang yang baru. Menyerlahnya dorongan kejantinaan semakin merumitkan hubungannya dengan orang lain. Keupayaan fizikalnya semakin kukuh dan mencapah. Tanggungjawab persekolahan ikut bertambah, disiplin hidupnya mula terbentuk.Kanak-kanak mula berubah menjadi manusia yang berupaya mengawal kehendak nalurinya. Ia mula menundukkan diri kepada contoh utama yang telah terserap jauh dalam batinnya. Ia menjadikan contoh utama tersebut sebagai kriteria dalam tingkah laku dan situasi yang bersifat moral. Ia akan beriltizam dengan saranan-saranan dan contoh yang ditunjukkan sama ada wujud dalam bentuk undang-undang, sistem, adat dan budaya sosial atau ketiadaannya.Kesempurnaan perkembangan akhlak berkaitan dengan kesempurnaan perkembangan akal, kejiwaan dan sosial. Huzaifah meriwayatkan Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda : "Janganlah kalian menjadi pak turut. Kalian menyatakan kalau orang lain buat baik kalian buat baik. Kalau mereka jahat kalian buat jahat. Akan tetapi mantapkanlah pendirian kalian. Jika orang baik kalian wajar berbuat baik. Jika mereka melakukan kejahatan janganlah pula kalian melakukan."
Pembentukan Akhlak Remaja IslamPembentukan akhlak di dalam Islam dimulai dengan pengukuhan akidah melalui ikrar bahawa tidak ada Tuhan sebenarnya yang disembah kecuali Allah dan Muhammad adalah Rasulullah. Bagi kanak-kanak yang baru lahir pendedahan ini dimula dengan azan dan iqamat. Dalam peringkat berikutnya kanak-kanak dilatih dengan budaya hidup beragama Islam oleh ibu bapanya . Apabila lidah anak-anak sudah boleh bertutur mereka dilatih menyebut nama Allah dan beberapa ayat ringkas seperti:وَقُلْ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي لَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَلَدًا وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ شَرِيكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ وَلِيٌّ مِنْ الذُّلِّ وَكَبِّرْهُ تَكْبِيرًا(111)Dan katakanlah: "Segala puji tertentu bagi Allah yang tiada mempunyai anak, dan tiada bagiNya sekutu dalam urusan kerajaanNya, dan tiada bagiNya penolong disebabkan sesuatu kelemahanNya; dan hendaklah engkau membesarkan serta memuliakanNya dengan bersungguh-sungguh!"atau doa kepada ibu bapa:وَاخْفِضْ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ الذُّلِّ مِنْ الرَّحْمَةِ وَقُلْ رَّبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِي صَغِيرًا(24)dan lain-lain.Pengungkapan syahadat sebagai suatu proses pembangunan akhlak bergandingan dengan tujuh syarat yang mustahak dipenuhi seperti mana yang disebutkan oleh Saikh Yusuf al-Badri:a) Ilmu yang menafikan kejahilanb) Kecintaan kepada Allah yang menafikan kecintaan kepada yang lainnyac) Keyakinan yang menafikan keraguand) Penerimaan yang menafikan penolakane) Kepatuhan yang menidakkan keingkaranf) Keikhlasan yang menafikan kesyirikang) Kejujuran yang menafikan sifat mendustakan atau sekadar berlakon.Pemantapan kalimah tauhid ini bermakna pendidikan membentuk pemikiran, perasaan serta penanaman nilai-nilai keimanan yang dinyatakan oleh Rasulullah sebagai 60 atau 70 lebih cabang dalam diri umat Islam. Sesungguhnya kesedaran manusia tentang kewujudan, kebesaran, kekuasaan dan keesaan Allah s.w.t. tentunya akan menimbulkan keperihatinan yang tinggi terhadap arahan-arahanNya.Dalam konteks yang sama, perkara utama yang perlu dilakukan oleh seorang muslim ialah memastikan dirinya bersih dari kekufuran atau tanda-tanda kekufuran kepada Allah dan Rasulnya; iaitu samada menafikan perkara-perkara asas agama, atau melakukan perkara-perkara yang membatalkan syahadat. Kemudian, ia harus memastikan dirinya terlepas dari sifat-sifat kemunafikan, samada yang bersifat tanggapan mahupun yang bersifat amalan. Kemunafikan dalam tanggapan umpamanya, meyakini sesuatu yang bercanggah dengan hakikat Islam yang sebenar walhal lidahnya mengatakan ia menurut Islam yang sebenar. Kemunafikan dalam amalan ialah melakukan akhlak-akhlak orang yang munafik seperti tidak mematuhi janji, membiasakan diri dengan berdusta dan bersifat khianat. Ia hendaklah memastikan dirinya bersih daripada kefasikan atau penderhakaan kepada Allah. Tidak melakukan apa yang dilarang oleh Allah. Tidak menyalahi perintah Allah. Manusia muslim mesti menghindarkan diri dari segala kejahatan ; lahir dan batin.
Pembangunan akhlak bermula dengan perlaksanaan :1- solat.2- zakat dan infak.3- puasa.4- haji.5- membaca al qur'an.6- zikir.7- memikirkan penciptaan allah.8- mengingati mati dan memendekkan angan-angan.9- muraqabah, muhasabah, mujahadah dan mu'atabah.10- jihad, amal makruf dan nahi mungkar.11- dedikasi dan bersifat tawadduk.12- mengenali tipu daya syaitan terhadap manusia serta menangkis dan menutup laluannya.13- mengenal jenis-jenis penyakit hati serta mengetahui cara-cara merawatnya.Bagaimana Membangunkan Akhlak Umat Islam
Menurut Syaikh Abdul Rahman al Midani; akhlak manusia memang boleh berkembang dan boleh dibentuk dengan berbagai cara. Antara cara-cara tersebut ialah melalui:a- Latihan Amali Dan Amalan-Amalan Menjernihkan BatinPendidikan akhlak tidak hanya melalui penjelasan mengenai nilai-nilai akhlak kepada masyarakat di mana mereka boleh memilih dan menghargai nilai-nilai tersebut tetapi juga pendidikan akhlak boleh dibuat berdasarkan latih tubi, perlaksanaan atau penghayatan yang berterusan umpamanya. Walaupun di peringkat awal ia dilaksanakan kerana arahan atau tekanan dari luar, namun lama kelamaan ia akan menjadi kebiasaan dan tabiat. Manusia sememangnya berupaya memperolehi akhlak atau sifat yang mulia melalui pendekatan ini. Rasulullah s.a.w. bersabda ( maksudnya ) :"Suruhlah anak kalian bersembahyang ketika mereka berumur tujuh tahun dan pukullah mereka kerana meninggalkannya ketika umur mereka ( menjangkau ) sepuluh tahun.Seandainya sembahyang boleh dibiasakan sejak dari kecil , maka puasa, zikir dan tilawatul Qur'an pun boleh diamalkan sejak dari kecil dan secara berterusan; sehingga menjadi amalan yang lazim dan budaya hidup. Amalan amalan ini pastinya lambat-laun akan menjadi adat atau kebiasaan seseorang.b- Meletakkan Diri Dalam Lingkungan Persekitaran Yang SolehPersekitaran sosial dan budaya kerap mempengaruhi manusia. Persekitaran tersebut merangkum tradisi, model tingkah-laku dan saranan serta rangsangan yang bersifat akhlak. Manusia memang sering terpengaruh kepada persekitarannya; dengan cara meniru serta mencontohi figure yang disanjungi oleh mereka. Kewujudan seseorang dalam lingkungan masyarakat yang baik serta soleh sudah tentu akan menyebabkan ia beriltizam dengan amalan dan etika yang dihayati oleh kumpulan tersebut. Ia akan berusaha melaksanakan sesuatu yang disanjungi oleh masyarakatnya. Sebaliknya, perbuatan yang dianggap keji oleh lingkungannya, ia akan berusaha sedaya upaya untuk menghindarinya.
Dalam kontek menegaskan kesan lingkungan ini Allah SWT berfirman:وَالْبَلَدُ الطَّيِّبُ يَخْرُجُ نَبَاتُهُ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِ وَالَّذِي خَبُثَ لَا يَخْرُجُ إِلَّا نَكِدًا كَذَلِكَ نُصَرِّفُ الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَشْكُرُونَMaksudnya :"Negara yang baik (makmur) akan menampilkan hasil mahsulnya ( yang baik dan sihat) dengan izin tuhannya, manakala negara yang buruk, tidak akan dapat menghasilkan kecuali pengeluaran yang buruk. Demikianlah Kami ajukan tanda-tanda kebesaran Kami kepada kaum yang bersyukur."Surah al 'Araf, ayat 58 :Masyarakat yang buruk ialah masyarakat yang tidak melaksanakan syariat Allah. Mereka menguatkuasakan peraturan dan undang-undang ciptaan manusia yang menyimpang dari jalan Allah yang lurus. Dengan demikian, warganya sudah pasti akan berkembang di dalam masalah sosial yang tidak sihat. Mereka akan terpengaruh dengan gejala-gejala kejahatan yang berkembang pesat dalam masyarakat yang dilanda oleh fenomena moral berkenaan.c-Qudwah HasanahManusia juga dipengaruhi oleh idolanya. Idola tersebut kerap menjadi rol model dalam kehidupan mereka. Manusia yang berperanan menjadi rol model tersebut antara lain ialah tokoh politik, artis, seniman, atlit sukan, ibu bapa, guru dan sebagainya. Meskipun Rasulullah adalah qudwah yang paling ideal bagi umat Islam, namun penghayatan nilai-nilai yang dibawa oleh Rasulullah hendaklah dipaparkan oleh golongan idola berkenaan. Mereka sewajarnya sentiasa berusaha menunjukkan contoh dan teladan yang terpuji agar dapat ditiru oleh generasi muda. Penghayatan golongan idola tersebut terhadap nilai-nilai yang luhur dan utama pasti akan mengukuhkan keyakinan generasi baru bahawa keutamaan dan keluhuran memang sebenarnya boleh dilaksanakan. Ia bukan zaman dahulu kala atau idealisme khayalan belaka; tetapi malah ianya suatu realiti yang tentunya boleh dicontohi dan direalisasi oleh generasi masa kini.
Allah SWT berfirman:لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا
Bermaksud;"sesungguhnya Rasulullah itu bagi kamu adalah contoh ikutan yang baik untuk mereka yang mengharapkan Allah, mengharapkan ( ganjaran ) hari akhirat dan mereka yang kerap mengingati Allah." Surah al Ahzab, ayat 21.d- Tekanan Sosial Dari Masyarakat IslamAntara mekanisme yang digunakan oleh Islam dalam membentuk penganutnya serta memastikan mereka melaksanakan tata kelakuan berakhlak ialah wujudnya komuniti sosial yang komited dengan dasar dan prinsip-prinsip Islam. Masyarakat Islam yang mempunyai impak yang besar dan pengaruh yang kuat dalam memaksa individu mengamalkan atau menurut nilai dan norma-norma akhlak. Mereka boleh melaksanakan tekanan moral yang berkesan untuk mendisplinkan golongan yang berkecenderungan untuk melakukan kejahatan. Manusia memang suka dipuji, dihormati dan disanjung. Manusia juga takut dikeji dan dicemuh oleh kumpulan di mana ia mempunyai sense of belonging kepada mereka. Faktor-faktor tersebut adalah anak kunci yang sedikit sebanyak menentukan tindak-tanduk seseorang. Masyarakat Islam yang aktif boleh berperanan menyuburkan semangat dan amalan hidup berakhlak. Ia juga boleh membendung trend-trend kufur dan maksiat dalam masyarakat melalui perlaksanaan amal mak'ruf dan nahi mungkar. Apabila masyarakat kehilangan keprihatinannya terhadap kewajipan menegakkan makruf dan mencegah yang mungkar, maka bermulalah proses penghakisan moral, akhlak dan martabat umat berkenaan.e- Kuasa Negara Islam melalui sistem keadilan dan galakannyaTuntutan akhlak dan nilai-nilainya tidak akan bermaya tanpa digandingi oleh kuasa atau autoriti yang menguatkuasakan nilai-nilai tersebut. Oleh kerana itu, antara tanggungjawab negara Islam ialah mewujudkan mekanisme dan jentera-jentera pentadbiran yang dapat beroperasi untuk memastikan ketertiban serta penghayatan kaedah-kaedah akhlak dalam masyarakat. Jika negara tidak melaksanakan amanah ini kerana ia tidak berlandaskan sistem perlembagaan dan undang-undang Islam sudah pasti keadaan akhlak umat akan lebih parah dan malang.Melalui puluhan kementerian, badan-badan berkanun, agensi-agensi kerajaan akhlak akan digugat dan dihakis. Amalan pemerintahan yang tidak adil menjanjikan kemusnahan bukan hanya dalam bidang akhlak tetapi juga dalam semua hal.
Selain dari apa yang telah dinyatakan di atas maka akhlak juga boleh dibentuk oleh media massa, sekolah, rakan sebaya, masjid atau surau dan sebagainya. Untuk lebih jelas ada baiknya kita terangkan satu persatu peranan tersebut :f - Peranan Media MassaMedia massa merupakan satu mekanisme yang mempunyai pengaruh yang amat besar dan berkesan di dalam pembentukan keperibadian manusia. Ia merupakan agen sosialisasi dan memainkan peranan penting di dalam menanam dan menggalakkan amalan-amalan berakhlak di dalam masyarakat. Media massa mampu mencorakkan hati budi, mentaliti dan sahsiah umat khasnya yang beroperasi 24 jam. Media massa tersebut perlu bebas dari cengkaman faham sekularisme, budaya komersial yang melampau, faham kebendaan dan dorongan untuk hidup secara mewah dan berpoya-poya. Media massa hendaklah mempunyai asas falsafah dan dasar-dasar komunikasi yang selaras dengan nilai-nilai akhlak Islam. Para petugas media massa hendaklah meningkatkan rasa akauntabiliti, tanggungjawab dan kewajipan mereka untuk memihak dan menegakkan nilai-nilai luhur seperti kebenaran, kejujuran dan sebagainya.Para pengguna media massa terutama golongan yang bertanggungjawab seperti ibubapa, guru, pemimpin politik dan pentadbir hendaklah lebih bijaksana dalam mengarah, membimbing, meningkatkan rasionaliti, kematangan dan kewaspadaan serta keupayaan memilih siaran yang lebih bermanfaat untuk ditontoni oleh anak-anak atau orang-orang yang di bawah jagaan mereka. Media massa juga sebenarnya boleh menjadi wahana "cultural domination dan imperialisme" melalui berbagai saluran teknologi maklumat yang canggih seperti internet, multimedia dan sebagainya.g - Peranan SekolahSekolah mempunyai fungsi yang tersendiri dalam mendidik generasi baru dengan akhlak Islam. Antara lain sekolah boleh :
1. Menggandakan keberkesanan institusi pendidikan, menambahkan produktivitinya, meningkatkan kewibawaannya di kalangan setiap anggotanya baik mereka itu pelajar atau petugas.
2. Memperbaiki suasana persekolahan, mendaulatkan undang-undang atau peraturan Islam khasnya yang berkaitan dengan persekolahan, memperbaiki hubungan antara sesama anggota sekolah atau institusi.
3. Memancangkan dengan teguh akan nilai-nilai murni dan akhlak yang baik seperti ketaatan atas dasar kesedaran menghormati peraturan dan pihak yang berwewenang, menjaga perasaan orang lain, menjaga standard layanan dalam berinteraksi, berkorban untuk kepentingan ramai, bekerjasama, melakukan self criticism, mengawal diri, menghargai ilmu, menghormati ulama' dan sebagainya.
4. Membaiki prestasi persekolahan murid-murid dari segi kualiti dan kuantiti, mendidik mereka dari segi agama, akhlak dan sosial secara wajar dan sihat, mempersiapkan mereka agar dapat memikul tugas dan tanggungjawab yang bakal mereka hadapi; di samping melatih mereka menghukum atau menilai diri sendiri sebagai seorang yang berfikiran matang dan bebas.Para pelajar di sekolah hendaklah dilatih supaya merendah diri dan memuliakan orang yang mereka bergaul dengan mereka. Mereka hendaklah digalakkan lebih suka memberi dari menerima. Dalam sanubari mereka patut dicambahkan keinsafan bahawa tangan yang memberi lebih utama dari tangan yang menerima. Disuburkan pula perasaan zuhud dalam hatinya dan di asuh agar tidak menjadi mata duitan.Mereka harus juga diasuh supaya tidak meludah dalam majlis atau berkahak, tidak menguap besar di hadapan orang, tidak meletakkan kaki di atas sebelah kaki yang lain serta tidak membanyakkan cakap. Anak-anak harus digalakkan tidak banyak bercakap kecuali sekadar menjawab. Mereka harus dilatih pandai mendengar tuturan orang, lebih-lebih lagi jika orang yang bercakap itu lebih tua daripadanya.Mereka mesti ditegah mengucapkan kata-kata kesat, atau bergaul dengan orang-orang yang celupar. Justeru antara kaedah mendidik anak-anak ialah melindungi mereka dari rakan-rakan yang jahat. Selain dari itu elok juga selepas belajar mereka dibenarkan bermain-main untuk menyegarkan tubuh mereka setelah penat belajar. Mereka hendaklah diasuh supaya patuh kepada ibu bapa, guru dan menghurmati mereka.Selain dari latihan serta disiplin seperti di atas, pelajar harus juga dilatih menghargai tugas dan tanggung jawab dengan cara yang bijak, lemah-lembut tanpa terburu-buru melaksanakan kekerasan atau pemaksaan melalui penderaan. Kepatuhan yang lahir dari keinsafan dan kesedaran batin biasanya lebih berkesan dan mantap. Bagi seorang pendidik menggunakan tindakan menghukum biarlah terhadap perkara yang paling akhir dalam fikirannya; samada mereka golongan guru atau bapa. Bahkan apabila hukum hendak dikenakan kepada murid biarlah sekadar yang perlu sahaja.Bimbingan dan nasihat yang lemah lembut tetapi tegas kadang-kadang lebih meninggalkan kesan di dalam hati serta dipatuhi. Hukuman atau penderaan bukanlah langkah utama yang merupakan satu-satunya penyelesaian. Penderaan adalah langkah terakhir apabila contoh yang baik, nasihat dan hubungan kasih sayang antara anak dan bapa atau guru tidak mampu lagi untuk digunakan.Rasulullah bersabda yang bermaksud :"Suruhlah anak-anak kamu menunaikan solat ketika mereka berumur tujuh tahun dan pukullah mereka ( kerana enggan sembahyang ) apabila umur mereka sepuluh tahun". (Hadith diriwayatkan oleh Abu Daud).Demikianlah dalam Islam pembelajaran tidak dimulai dengan rotan atau hukuman. Malah di dahului oleh berbagai cara dan pendekatan untuk memupuk kebiasaan dan akhlak yang terpuji seperti melatih bersembahyang dengan menggunakan kecenderungan meniru yang menjadi pembawaan kanak-kanak dan dengan rasa yang penuh kasih sayang dari orang dewasa. Misalnya dengan memaparkan contoh, nasihat, perkataan yang baik, teguran yang lemah lembut tetapi tegas dan sebagainya. Sekiranya cara-cara tersebut gagal barulah dikenakan sedikit kekerasan yang bertujuan mendidik bukan yang menimbulkan kecacatan fizikal dan sebagainya.Firman Allah :
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِنْ اللَّهِ لِنْتَ لَهُمْ وَلَوْ كُنْتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانْفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ"Dengan rahmat ALlah kepadamu itu maka engkau berlemah lembut menghadapi mereka. Seandainya hatimu keras dan (sikapmu) kasar nescaya mereka bubar dari sekelilingmu.(Surah Ali Imran : ayat 159)Satu hakikat pembelajaran yang lumrah di sekolah ialah murid kerap dipengaruhi oleh sifat, kebiasaan dan akhlak guru. Sekiranya guru mempunyai akhlak yang baik murid ikut terpengaruh dengan akhlak ini. Demikianlah sebaliknya. Pandangan negatif murid bukan setakat terhad kepada guru tetapi juga mungkin menjangkau kepada pelajaran, kepada sekolah dan seterusnya kepada sistem persekolahan keseluruhannya.Displin sekolah hendaklah dilaksanakan dengan semangat kerjasama. Guru besar, nazir, guru, murid malah ibubapa hendaklah sama-sama berperanan. Ini bermakna harus ada penerimaan dan permuafakatan tentang polisi dan cara-cara merealisasikannya seboleh-bolehnya dari semua pihak agar masing-masing melindungi dan mempertahankannya.Usaha mengatasi masalah di sekolah hendaklah dengan menghapuskan sebab-sebab pokok atau punca dari mana datangnya permasalahan itu. Ini termasuk menghapuskan suasana yang membantu atau menyokong salah laku dari murid . Di samping itu juga penyelesaian boleh di usahakan dengan mengambil langkah pencegahan dan mengujudkan suasana yang lebih positif. Ini di dasarkan kepada prinsip "mencegah lebih baik dari merawat".Antara langkah-langkah yang boleh dilakukan oleh sekolah dalam membangun akhlak ialah dengan mengadakan kempen menyedarkan murid tentang keperluan menghormati disiplin sekolah, menerangkan tentang mengapa suatu disiplin itu dibuat dan memperbanyakkan aktiviti sekolah dengan mempelbagaikannya, menggunakan atau memenuhi masa lapang murid, menghubung-kaitkan sukatan pelajaran dengan keperluan diri dan masyarakat mereka dan langkah-langkah yang lain.h - Peranan rakan sebayaAntara agen sosial yang berpengaruh di dalam membentuk sikap dan akhlak individu ialah rakan sebaya. Rakan sebaya merupakan kelompok rujukan bagi remaja di dalam tingkah laku mereka. Perasaan "sense of belonging" kepada kumpulan adalah suatu yang lumrah. Remaja akan mengubahsuai dan mengadaptasikan nilai-nilai rakan sebayanya untuk mendapat penerimaan dan pengakuran mereka. Remaja memang menyedari adanya jurang generasi antara mereka dengan kumpulan dewasa dan mereka sering berhadapan masalah dalam mewujudkan hubungan dengan generasi yang lebih tua. Kajian yang dilakukan oleh Lambert dan rakan-rakannya ( 1972 ) menunjukkan remaja menghadapi berbagai konflik apabila mereka berusaha merentasi jurang generasi( generation gap ) tersebut antara pemikiran mereka dan pemikiran ibubapa mereka.Kajian menunjukkan bahawa masalah remaja lelaki dan perempuan adalah :
1. kesukaran untuk membincangkan permasalahan mereka dengan para ibubapa mereka dan para penjaga mereka
2. kesukaran untuk memberitahu ibubapa dan penjaga mereka mengenai apa yang mereka lakukan3. wujudnya jarak yang agak lebar antara jalan fikiran mereka dengan jalan pemikiran ibubapa dan penjaga mereka.
Oleh kerana itu golongan remaja umpamanya sering merujuk rakan sebaya dan kelompok sosial tertentu untuk mendapat bimbingan ke arah menyelesaikan masalah mereka. Kesilapan di dalam memilih kelompok rakan setara samada bersahabat dengan penagih dadah, kutu lepak, gangster atau kumpulan samseng, bohsia dan sebagainya pasti akan mengakibatkan kemusnahan akhlak golongan remaja dan dewasa .
i - Peranan rumah ibadahBagi umat Islam, rumah ibadat yang paling penting ialah masjid. Di sinilah umat Islam sering berkumpul untuk menyembah Allah secara berjamaah. Sebab itulah di mana sahaja dalam negara umat Islam; bahkan di kota-kota besar dunia kedapatan bangunan masjid yang berbagai bentuk dan rupa. Ada yang kecil dan ada pula yang besar. Masjid sentiasa menjadi lambang kemegahan umat dan pemerintah Islam. Sebagai tempat ibadah masjid mempunyai peranan dan pengaruh yang besar dalam meneruskan penghayatan nilai-nilai akhlak dalam masyarakat Islam. Kelangsungan budaya, cara hidup dan syiar Islam lumrahnya diperkukuhkan oleh institusi ini. Sebab itu perkara pertama yang dilakukan oleh Rasulullah S.A.W ketika baginda berhijrah ke Madinah al Munauwarah ialah membina Masjid Quba' dan Masjid Nabawi.Ilmu yang dipelajari di masjid pada masa dahulu bersepadu dengan nilai tauhid, ruh Islam dan akhlak . Ia mengimbaukan ketakwaan dan mengukuhkan ubudiah manusia kepada Allah . Ilmu yang dipelajar membawa berkat dan meningkatkan ciri khasyatullah atau takut kepada Allah. Sebab itu lahir para ulama dan ilmuan yang jujur, soleh dan dedikasi. Apabila semangat dan imbauan seperti ini sudah tiada lagi ilmu disalut dengan semangat kebendaan dan keserakahan manusia. Sebab itu muncullah ilmuan-ilmuan sekular yang amat benci kepada Islam dan ajaran Allah itu sendiri .Ada berbagai bentuk kegiatan keilmuan, kebudayaan dan kemasyarakatan yang boleh dijalankan di dalam atau di pekarangan masjid untuk tujuan mengukuhkan akhlak dan sahsiah umat . Antaranya ialah:
1. Kelas Fardu Ain2. Kelas Tajuid & Qiraat.3. Kelas Bimbingan Remaja.4. Kelas Bahasa Arab.5. Ceramah Berkala.6. Seminar Motivasi dan Pembentukan Syakhsiah.7. Kursus Rumahtangga Bahagia.8. Kursus Pengurusan Jenazah.9. Madrasah atau Sistem Pengajian Formal.10. Kursus Dakwah dan Imamah.11. Acara Tadarus al-Quran.12. Khemah Ibadan & Qiamullail.13. Kursus Pengurusan Masjid.14. Kegiatan Amar Ma'ruf & Nahi Munkar.15. Seminar Pengurusan Sumber Masjid.16. Kempin Memakmurkan Masjid.17. Membentuk organisasi Belia Masjid ( Rakan Masjid )Seluruh agensi sosial, Jentera Kerajaan, Kementerian dan Badan-badan Berkanun, NGO dan Badan-badan Korporat, swasta dan awam hendaklah digembling untuk bersama-sama berperanan meningkatkan kualiti akhlak umat samada dengan mengadakan kempen hidup beretika dan berakhlak atau melancarkan buku-buku rujukan yang menjelaskan nilai-nilai akhlak tersebut dan sebagainya.Rumusan
Gagasan dan tugas untuk membangun, memupuk dan meningkatkan mutu akhlak umat khasnya di kalangan remaja adalah suatu tanggungjawab besar. Ia tidak dapat dilakukan dengan jayanya kecuali oleh manusia yang berjiwa besar dan mempunyai kualiti kemanusian yang tinggi. Ia harus bermula dengan melahirkan para pemimpin umat yang berakhlak, beriman dan bertakwa. Pemimpin yang mempunyai iltizam yang tidak berbelah bagi kepada set-set nilai akhlak Islam, mempunyai kerohanian yang amat tinggi, mewarisi ciri perjuangan Rasulullah yang diutus untuk membangun akhlak dan keluhuran akan beroleh kedudukan dalam pemerintahan lantas memastikan semua umat menunaikan solat, mengeluarkan zakat, menyuruh yang makruf, mencegah yang mungkar, menghalalkan apa yang dihalalkan oleh Allah, mengharamkan apa yang diharamkan oleh Allah. Mereka menguatkuasakan sistem hidup Islam yang memang membela akhlak. Mereka melaksanakan undang-undang Allah yang sebenarnya memang melindungi nilai dan norma akhlak dalam masyarakat.Dengan adanya pemimpin yang soleh dan bertakwa seluruh agen sosialisasi dan jentera kerajaan akan menghala ke arah yang sama. Rakyat akan terbentuk oleh media yang beretika dan berakhlak. Pengaruh luar yang buruk akan disekat samada dalam rancangan tv, filem, internet maupun apa jua pengaruh lain yang mengancam jatidiri dan maruah umat. Dasar-dasar kementerian dan agensi pembangunan masyarakat akan selaras dengan tuntutan nilai dan tatanan akhlak. Tidak berlaku proses pertentangan antara kerja membangun dan merosak akhlak serentak dalam jentera-jentera berkenaan.Agenda-agenda khusus menangani gejala keruntuhan dan kemorosatan akhlak akan disusun dengan lebih berkesan dan menyeluruh. Segala-galanya akan dimanfaatkan dalam menjana kekuatan untuk meningkatkan mertabat umat dalam segala bidang.Kebenaran keadilan dan ihsan akan didaulatkan . Manusia diasuh kembali menjadi hamba Allah yang ta'at dan bukan hamba benda, wang, pembangunan, bangsa atau negara.

          What do Older People do all day?        
Younger generations glance across an ever-broadening generation gap and wonder what occupies older people who seem to have nothing but time on their hands, nothing to do and no where to go.   So ask already If you ask the newly retired what is happening in their world, the likely response will be “never been […]
          EuroIslam: The Jihad Within?        
Essay Types
Olivier Roy

If there were any question as to whether Middle Eastern-born Muslim radicals could wreak massive destruction in Western countries, it was answered on September 11, 2001. An important related question, however, remains on the table. Could future Islamic terror arise from within Western societies, from Muslim radicals born in the West and thoroughly familiar with its ways? What paths might such radicalization take? To answer this question, we must develop and consult a new sociology--that of EuroIslam.

Diasporic and Universalist Islam

Islam in western Europe is in rapid transition from an imported Islam to forms of European or "universal" Islam. The key difference between the two is this: the former is practiced mostly by immigrants who preserve links with their countries of origin, while the latter is adhered to mostly by European-born Muslims who have ceased looking to the "old country" as a reference point and a storehouse of activists and clerics. The extent of the transition from imported to universal Islam varies greatly from one community to another. It is pronounced in recent generations born in Europe, and it applies more to Arabs than to Turks. Once through its transition, Islam in Europe could assume several different forms. One is integration, by which is meant the development of a distinct European, or French or British, "Muslim church." Another is re-communalization along supranational lines, which is defined in essence by European Muslims' identification with a universal umma, or community of the faithful. It is with this latter phenomenon that radicalism and violence become potentially serious issues.

A necessary condition of radicalization is re-Islamization--that is, the socialization of European-born Muslims to Islamic beliefs, or at least beliefs that are presented as Islamic. But this is not a sufficient condition. Clearly, there are modes of conservative and conformist re-Islamization where the primary concerns of individuals are preserving dignity and achieving recognition and respect. This is the case, for example, for many Muslims from the Indian subcontinent living in Great Britain. Re-Islamization can take on a humanist and even a liberal mode, such as that form advocated by the imam of the Ad-Dawa mosque in Paris.

Nevertheless, re-Islamization can also lead to radicalization, and it can do so, theoretically at least, in two ways. There is, first, diasporic radicalization, defined as that linked to and focused on the country of origin, not the European host society. But radical Muslim groups active in Europe that maintain close links with their countries of origin are never primarily Islamist; they are nationalist and often leftist, like the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK). The Algerian Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), although present in Europe, is no longer involved in militant activity among Algerian-born migrants, and the Turkish Milli Görüs--a European offshoot of the since-banned Refah Party--is, as we shall see, increasingly less involved in Turkish domestic politics even as it remains active among the diaspora.

The second type of radicalization is ideological and takes the form of a transnational Islam divorced from its country of origin. Ideological radicalization typically develops as a result of the alienation of the young, which is common to depressed or socially marginal urban areas. Unmoored from traditional Islam, second- and third-generation jobless males provide fertile ground for recruiters to radical Islam.

Islamic radicalization in Europe since the early 1990s has predominantly taken this second path, oriented toward a supranational community, the Muslim umma. As a constructivist community it is partly imaginary, but once imagined it becomes real in effect--a development much advanced by the advent of the Internet and its associated subculture. Oddly enough, this type of radicalization goes hand in hand with Westernization in France and other European countries. Most radicalized Muslim youth in Europe are Western educated, often in technical or scientific fields. Very few come out of a traditional madrassa, and most experience a period of fully Westernized life, complete with alcohol and girlfriends, before becoming "born-again Muslims" in European mosques or jails. Inversely, conservative groups, whose members practice traditional Islam with strong cultural and linguistic affinities with non-European cultures, can nonetheless develop strong loyalty toward the host European country. Radicalization is thus not directly linked to the level of integration.

Diasporic Radicalism

To understand why transnational, "ideological" Islam is liable to be most dangerous to the security and well-being of European states, it helps to look first at the lesser problem--diasporic radicalization.

A diaspora is formed when a community of migrants maintains close links with its country of origin: continuing to speak the mother tongue; keeping in touch with national events through newspapers and other media; supporting extended family relationships through endogamous practices (the marriage partner is selected from the country of origin, sometimes from the same village); maintaining a juridical link (dual nationality or the nationality of the country of birth); and often preserving the myth of a return to the home country--even if this return is constantly being postponed. The term "diaspora" retains no meaning in reference to those who abandon these behaviors, even if some family and emotional ties remain. Before a Muslim in Europe can become a supranationalized radical, he (or, far less often, she) must lose most if not all connection to the diaspora.

The transition away from the diasporic condition can take three forms. The first of these is assimilation: the loss of all identity-related indicators of existing differences, even if memories or, for those born in the diaspora, awareness of one's origins persist (as, for example, with Italian immigrants to France). In this case, an Arab or Turkish immigrant would blend into a European society and lose all traces of his cultural, linguistic and religious origin. The second form of transition is integration, which is characterized by a reconstituted identity that stresses remaining differences. Thus, one can be simultaneously European and "Arab" without reference to the Arabic language or a particular Arab country; or simply "Muslim", understood as a follower of a religion detached from any specific citizenship. The third form is re-communalization, which combines a physical presence in Europe with a supranational Muslim identity that produces a "virtual ghetto."

Sociologically, west European Muslims are distributed all along this identity scale. Most of the approximately 13 million Muslims living in EU countries are not politically radical. But of those who are, the main pattern in recent years evinces a growing separation of the process of radicalization from the country of origin. During the 1980s and early 1990s, Algerian (FIS), Turkish (Refah/Milli Görüs) and Pakistani Islamic militants concentrated their actions on the country of origin, avoiding confrontations with the authorities of the host European country. They used the diaspora for recruitment and financing, but also as political leverage to influence the host country's policy toward the country of origin--on the same model, more or less, as that of the IRA, the Basque ETA and the PKK. They needed to avoid prosecution and hence kept a low political profile in the host country. A dozen years later, it is clear that this strategy failed.

The FIS provides the best example of that failure. During its meteoric rise beginning in 1989 and culminating in its short-lived victory in the 1991 Algerian elections, the FIS garnered much sympathy from Algerian immigrants in Europe. But its strategy was always centered on the home country: its aim was to mobilize Europe's Muslims in support of the struggle in Algeria. Its networks abjured violence in Europe against Europeans, particularly in France, in order to transform Europe into a base of support for militants on the run and a public relations platform.

For these purposes the FIS mobilized immigrants of North African origin through the Algerian Federation of France. Despite its anti-Western rhetoric, the Federation sought compromise with European authorities in order to isolate the Algerian government. For example, under the aegis of an Italian Catholic community, the Federation was involved in the "San Egidio process", whose objective was to reach an "historical compromise" in Algeria. The FIS was thus an Islamo-nationalist organization whose goal was power in Algeria, not international Islamic revolution; it worked entirely within the framework of the Algerian nation, and rejected the exportation of jihad to Europe or anywhere else.

The FIS' European strategy failed for two reasons. First, a more radical group, the GIA (Groupes Islamiques Armés, or Armed Islamic Groups), entered the political arena of global confrontation and terrorism. Second, European governments (and most of the media and public opinion, as well) aligned themselves with the Algerian government's eradicative stand, refusing to recognize the FIS as a bona fide political player. Ill prepared for clandestine action, the FIS quickly lost the battle at home to the Algerian army and the GIA, and it collapsed in Europe for this and additional reasons. Its members in France felt increasingly less in tune with their native country's politics. Second-generation European Muslims, including those of Algerian descent, were more attracted by the GIA's radical discourse on jihad than by the FIS call to form a political coalition in Algeria. That radical discourse helped European-born Muslims blend with other deracinated radicals to form new transnational Islamist networks.

What happened to the FIS exemplifies a general process: the detachment of the new Islamic radical youth of Europe from the Islamic political parties of their countries of origin. A polarization has resulted: radicalized Muslim youth in Europe become less attracted to the purely political and national approach of any Islamic mother-party, and those parties become even more Islamo-nationalist than internationalist as a result. While many Islamist movements are consolidating a stable constituency within their own countries, they are simultaneously losing appeal beyond their borders.

This polarizing tendency has affected groups other than the Algerian FIS. The 2001 split of the Refah-Fazilet party has partly dissociated Milli Görüs from domestic Turkish politics; the movement is now far more "European" than Middle Eastern, often associating with the Europe-based Arab Muslim Brothers. Its internal debates concentrate on what it means to be a Muslim in Europe. It is also dividing within itself in its European context. On one side is a dominant conservative body; on the other is a liberal wing represented by its Dutch section, headed by Haci Karacaer--of whom more below.

Two Examples

The Salman Rushdie affair exemplifies the shift from a diasporic to a universalist Islam. Pakistani immigrants to Great Britain from the Barelwi current were responsible for the public burning of The Satanic Verses in 1989. The Barelwis are considered moderates by Pakistani standards, but their special devotion to the Prophet rendered Rushdie's "insult" particularly grievous in their eyes. The fact that Rushdie is a renegade in their estimation was also very important. What was at stake was the definition of a new Islamic community in a European context that had nothing to do with possessing a particular passport. The Barelwis were trying to define a community that has no territorial, ethno-linguistic or juridical base. They were trying to pre-emptively determine the definition of a "Western" Muslim, which is a huge existential question for observant Muslims in Europe. Rushdie, of Indian Muslim origin, was targeted precisely because he is a British citizen who writes only in English and disclaims being a practicing Muslim. Had a Christian written The Satanic Verses, the Barelwis would have launched no street demonstrations.

At a deeper level, the objective of the anti-Rushdie campaign in England (before the matter was seized by Imam Khomeini in Iran for his own reasons) was to pass a new British law on blasphemy--to date reserved exclusively for the Church of England--for the benefit of Islam. Thus it was the demand for recognition on the part of Pakistani immigrants to Britain that lay behind the anti-Rushdie campaign, though Western public opinion, naturally enough, was oblivious to this angle. It is, however, interesting to note that two non-Muslim groups lent them an attentive ear: the left wing of the Labour Party, probably for electoral reasons but also in the name of multiculturalism; and a conservative group of Anglican and Catholic priests for whom this was a heaven-sent opportunity to forge a sacred alliance against the profanation of religion in the name of art--the controversy over Martin Scorsese's The Last Temptation of Christ, it should be recalled, was a near-contemporaneous affair.

Finally on this point, it bears noting that the anti-Rushdie campaign flowed more from fear than from aggression. The demand for communal recognition ran parallel to the attempt to define the borders of a community that, as its leaders saw it, was in danger of disintegration through assimilation. The internal vision of a beleaguered Islam in decline is important: many Muslims in the Middle East and outside of it share this vision--a view confirmed, in their eyes, by the Gulf War, the failure of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, the sanctions against Iraq and so on. Such motives contrast sharply with those attributed to Muslims in the Western view of an expanding Islam. In any case, it is clear that the European Muslim reaction to The Satanic Verses had nothing to do with importing Islamic radicalization to Europe; on the contrary, it evidenced a sui generis Muslim-European process of ideological radicalization, with the potential of exporting radicalism to, rather than importing it from, the Middle East.

The rise of Hizb ut-Tahrir in Europe also exemplifies the transition from a diasporic to a universalist mode of Islamic identity. Hizb ut-Tahrir ("Liberation Party") is a fundamentalist party based in London that was originally set up as a Palestinian Islamic movement in 1953. Officially non-violent, its ideas are nevertheless very radical. It advocates the immediate re-establishment of the caliphate and the ultimate conversion of the entire world to Islam. Hizb ut-Tahrir is now a genuinely international movement; indeed, it is difficult to identify and locate precisely its controlling authority. Officially, its leader is Sheikh Abdel Qadir Zalum, a Palestinian from Beirut who succeeded Taqiuddin Nabhani, the movement's founding father, in 1977. But Zalum appears to have lost effective control to a group of militants based in London. And it is a movement that is rapidly growing.

Hizb ut-Tahrir's growth is revealed through an analysis of its relationship with the Muhajirun organization of Sheikh Omar Bhakri, a Syrian residing in London who maintains a high profile in the English-language media. Though Bhakri does not make explicit reference to Hizb ut-Tahrir, their pronouncements and website content are often identical. The Muhajirun movement, therefore, is likely a front for Hizb ut-Tahrir in Europe, which developed in the 1980s and 1990s in Great Britain, Sweden and the Netherlands--and to a lesser extent in the United States. Starting in 1997, Hizb ut-Tahrir established new chapters in Muslim countries including Sudan, Uzbekistan and Pakistan. The Pakistani branch, led by Dr. Abdul Qayyum, is more recent than the Uzbek branch, set up in 1999, and also more visible, with its meetings announced in the press. It seems to have been set up at the instigation of the London leadership. During a trial for sedition in Lahore in the fall of 2002, the defendants were British-born Muslims who spoke exclusively English with a cockney accent. Hizb ut-Tahrir thus represents another example of a re-communalized European radicalism being deliberately and systematically exported to Muslim countries.

The transition from diasporic to universalist Islam is also illustrated by the fact that very few Muslims in Europe mobilize on the basis of Middle Eastern conflicts. Although the Palestinian cause is popular among European Muslims, their support has never gone further than street demonstrations numbering fewer than 5,000 people in Paris, in company with traditional left-wing and anti-imperialist non-Muslim European sympathizers. Support for the Palestinian cause is generally not expressed in religious terms, and neither is opposition to a U.S.-led war against Iraq.

The Radicalization of the Uprooted

What is the essential nature of supranational, ideological Islam in Europe, and what recruitment patterns does it manifest? Only by understanding these matters can we hazard a guess as to how significant a security problem European states--and the United States--may face in the future from such movements.

Identification with a supranational umma in Europe can be experienced as a purely religious identification. This is often the case among Muslim middle-class populations, but, particularly among disenchanted and alienated youth, such identification can lead to a process of political radicalization. This process varies from place to place, and from one immigrant community to another, but the general trend is clear--as is the reason for it.

When Muslim immigrants live in open, cosmopolitan societies, particularly ones offering economic dynamism and social mobility, efforts by diasporic elders to keep them segregated from the mainstream usually fail, albeit in varying degrees and at varying speeds. As the original culture falls away, it is replaced by new cultural norms--either fully, as with assimilation, or partly, as with integration. When these new norms come from the host country, they can sometimes take the form of a subculture--such as the "suburban" youth culture in France, whose combative nature is Western, not Islamic, in origin. But as we have seen, sometimes a process of identity reconstruction ensues that seeks to preserve the essence of difference. Without the actual anchors of a diasporic community to sustain them, however, they require an imagined community. In the case of European Muslims, this constructivist community is usually based on a transnational religious identity. (Interestingly enough, many European Muslims nonetheless require their host society's freedom and openness to advance the cause of a transnational identity that bypasses both Muslim nations and local European patriotisms. This is illustrated by the creation in Antwerp of a controversial organization, the Arab European League, which lobbies for recognition of minority rights for Muslims at an all-European level.)

The rejection of the culture of origin, together with the refusal to assimilate into the surrounding Western culture, finds perfect expression in neo-fundamentalism (or salafism). Fundamentalism--meaning a return to the "true" tenets of religion--is nearly as old as Islam itself. The contemporary trend, justifiably called neo-fundamentalism, combines technical modernism, de-culturation (rejection of both traditional Muslim and modern Western cultures) and globalization (exemplified by websites like umma.net). Neo-fundamentalism is particularly appealing to alienated youth because it turns their cultural alienation into a justification for forging a universal Islam stripped of customs and traditions and thus adaptable to all societies. It envisions the whole world as a great potential umma, and it does not require the thousands of hours of study that traditional Islamic piety requires from would-be leaders and community activists. It discards native religious cultures as UN-Islamic and polluted by superstitions, folklore and accretions from non-Islamic sources. Thus, contrary to what many casual observers seem to think, traditional and national culture, even if they are Muslim, are connoted negatively in the neo-fundamentalist vision.

Neo-fundamentalism in Europe does not target communities with ties to a culture of origin, but individuals in doubt about their faith and identity. It appeals to well-educated, but also uprooted and disgruntled, youth. For such individuals, fundamentalism offers a system for regulating behavior in any situation, from Afghan deserts to American college campuses. But this system is both a product and an agent of de-culturation. Islam, as preached by the Taliban, Saudi Wahhabis and bin Laden's radicals, is hostile even to culture that is Islamic in origin. It expresses the same rejection of all material civilization and gladly destroys it--whether it is Muhammad's tomb, the Bamiyan Buddha statues or the World Trade Center.

Yet these movements are not nihilistic. On the contrary, they are determined to restore what they imagine the purity of early Islam to have been, before it was sullied by human constructs. By championing the transnational umma, they address the universalist yearning of Muslims who cannot identify with any specific place or nation. The constructivist umma therefore must span the globe, where it battles the Western political, economic and cultural uniformity that, ironically, it requires to sustain itself. Thus McDonald's and English-as-a-second-language is fought by neo-fundamentalists wearing white robes and beards who also speak English-as-a-second-language (except in Britain, where it has become the new mother tongue) and go for hallal fast food.

The Security Dimension of EuroIslam

The fact that re-Islamization of young Muslims in Europe represents a radical disconnection between the country of origin and the new generations, constituting rather a factor of de-culturation, helps to explain why the dynamic of re-Islamization favors supranational organizations instead of "national" Islamic movements. But the various recruitment strategies of these organizations--the Muslim Brotherhood, Tablighi Jamaat, Hizb ut-Tahrir and Al-Qaeda--are rather different, and these differences have important implications for the security threats they may pose.

The Muslim Brothers and their sympathizers approach integration on a communal basis: they try to organize Muslims into a visible and active community, with institutions for education and social services. The UOIF (Union of French Islamic Organizations) and Milli Görüs now fit this pattern precisely. They want to be recognized by the authorities and often advocate the "Jewish" model (as they see it) to mobilize the Muslim community. They are legal-minded, stressing the negotiation of their status (whether over the veil, hallal food or consultation on ethical issues). They may evolve into a sort of Muslim church in Europe, which would pose little or no security threat, and would advance a conservative agenda in terms of moral and social values. This would likely put an end to the alliance between the multiculturalist, liberal European Left and the first generation of migrants, itself an interesting and important political development in its own right.

Tablighi Jamaat, a South Asian fundamentalist organization, on the other hand, is opposed to any sort of integration and, along with many salafi or Wahhabi movements, wants to organize the Muslims as separate communities--on a kind of ghetto model--with as little interaction as possible with the non-Muslim European world. Its members look askance at educating females and strongly oppose co-education. They are a font of societal problems, but they are probably not a serious security threat so long as they are allowed to live their segregated communal lives without interference from Western authorities.

This brings us to Al-Qaeda and Hizb ut-Tahrir. If we analyze the violent Islamic militants who have operated in western Europe since the early 1990s, a distinct pattern emerges. These individuals are not linked to or used by any Middle Eastern state, intelligence service or radical movement, as had been the case in the 1980s. With a single, transitional exception, they are part of the de-territorialized, supranational Islamic networks that operate specifically in the West and at the periphery of the Middle East. Their background has nothing to do with Middle Eastern conflicts or traditional religious education (excluding only the Saudis). On the contrary, as noted above, they are Western-educated and often have scientific backgrounds. Their groups are often mixes of educated middle-class leaders and working-class dropouts, a pattern common to most of the West European radicals of the 1970s and 1980s (Germany's Rote Armee Fraktion, Italy's Brigada Rossa, France's Action Directe). Many became "born-again" Muslims or jailhouse converts, sharing a common marginal culture.

The converts from mainstream European societies (whose existence was well known in Europe but only discovered by Americans with the case of John Walker Lindh) fit the same pattern. A few are from the middle class, usually the leaders (like Christophe Caze in France, a medical doctor who was killed "in action" against the police in Roubaix in 1996). Many are working-class dropouts--José Padilla, Richard Reid and the Frenchman Lionel Dumont (who fought in Bosnia)--who joined Islam because "the Muslims are the only ones to fight the system." Twenty years ago such individuals would have joined radical leftist movements, which have now disappeared or become "bourgeois" (like the Revolutionary Communist League in France). Now only two Western movements of radical protest claim to be "internationalist": the anti-globalization movement and the radical Islamists. To convert to Islam today is a way for a European rebel to find a cause; it has little to do with theology. (More than 100,000 converts to Islam live in France, but most converted for practical reasons--to marry a Muslim woman, for example.)

It follows that the second generation of Al-Qaeda militants in Europe (recruited after 1992) is characterized precisely by the breaking of their ties with the "real" Muslim world they claim to represent. All of the September 11 terrorists and their accomplices (except the Saudi "muscle" on the planes) left their country of origin to fight or to study abroad (usually in the West). All broke with their families. They did not belong to a neighborhood or community, not even a religious one in most cases. They were cultural outcasts both in their countries of origin and in their host countries. But they were all Westernized in some way (again, except the Saudis and the Yemenis); none had attended a madrassa, all were trained in technical or scientific fields and spoke a Western language. If we include the logistical networks, some possessed Western citizenship (Zacarias Moussaoui was born in France). All of them (except, once again, the Saudis) became born-again Muslims in Europe after living "normal" lives in their countries of origin. The mosques of Hamburg (Al-Qods), London (Finsbury Park), Marseilles and even Montréal played a far bigger role than any Saudi madrassa in the process of their Islamic radicalization.

Thus, far from representing a traditional religious community or culture, these militants broke with their pasts (and some with traditional Islam altogether). They experienced an individual re-Islamization in a small cell of uprooted fellows, where they forged their own Islam--as illustrated vividly by Mohamed Atta's refusal to be buried according to Egyptian traditions, which he dubbed UN-Islamic. They did not follow any Islamic school or notable cleric, and often lived according to non-Muslim standards. Almost none made an endogamous marriage, but many (Al Mottassadek, Ahmed Ressam, Fateh Kemal, Jemal Beghal, Kamel Daoudi) married "European" wives. They are all far more a product of a Westernized Islam than of traditional Middle Eastern politics. However "old time" their theology may sound to Westerners, and whatever they may think of themselves, radical EuroIslamists are clearly more a post-modern phenomenon than a pre-modern one.

And they are a wholly European phenomenon. Except for a few Pakistanis, no Al-Qaeda member left Europe or the United States to fight for Islam in his country of origin. All the "Algerians" came from Europe (or, like Ressam, became radicalized in Europe), and not one was ever found in the GIA's Algerian strongholds. The foreigners sentenced in Yemen in January 1999 for hostage-taking included six British citizens of Pakistani descent (including the son-in-law of Sheikh Hamza, the Egyptian-born imam of Finsbury Park) and two French Algerians. Sheikh Saïd Omar, convicted in Pakistan for the kidnapping of Daniel Pearl, is a British-born citizen of the United Kingdom. The two young Muslims sentenced in Morocco for firing on tourists in a Marrakesh hotel in 1994 were from French Algerian families.

The peripheral character of Al-Qaeda militants is also reflected in the geography of their chosen battlefields. There is a paradox: most Al-Qaeda fighters are ethnic Arabs, the bulk of them being Saudi, Egyptian and Jordanian-Palestinian. But Al-Qaeda has been conspicuously absent from Arab lands (except, probably, for the Khobar Towers attack, the bombing of the U.S.S. Cole, and perhaps recent small-scale activity in Kuwait). Nor have these militants cared much about Arab conflicts. Bin Laden gave only faint lip service to the Palestinian cause until the end of 2001. Training for the September 11 attacks was initiated before the so-called second intifada; most of the terrorists arrived on U.S. soil in the spring of 2000 and the decision to attack was taken that January. Instead of the Middle East, Al-Qaeda and its likes have been fighting in the West (New York, Paris, London), in Bosnia, Kosovo, Somalia, Chechnya, Afghanistan, Central Asia, Pakistan, Kashmir, the Philippines, Indonesia and East Africa--but not in Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria or Algeria.

This is not just because Arab states take their own internal security seriously. Rather, the re-communalized Muslims of Europe, logically enough, are fighting at the frontiers of their imaginary umma, and they are doing so because what most agitates them are side effects from their own Westernization. All the literature and websites linked to Al-Qaeda stress the "peripheral" jihad from Bosnia to the Philippines, and that focus has been noticed and criticized by Arab militants like the Saudi Sheikh Abu Ayman al-Hilali. Most of the jihadi websites are based in the West or in Malaysia. This is not only because of censorship; it is because the people behind them live in the West. While Al-Qaeda's campaign against U.S. interests has constantly increased and hundreds of Islamic militants have been arrested or tracked down in Europe, Islamist violence in the Middle East has steadily decreased since the Luxor killings of 1997. Hence the obvious question: Could EU member states be viewed as legitimate battlefields, and be attacked as a result? The answer is "yes, most definitely."

Islam in Europe's Future

Radicalization is a peripheral result of the Westernization of Muslims born and living in Europe. It is linked with a generation gap and a depressed social status, and it perpetuates a pre-existent tradition of leftist, anti-imperialist protest in those communities. Notwithstanding such circumstances, most European Muslims have found a way to conciliate faith and a non-Muslim environment in a practical, if sometimes makeshift, manner. The problem is that what amounts to their de facto liberalism is not expressed in theological terms, and it is not bound into a socialization mechanism that can be transmitted easily to subsequent generations. This suggests that there will be ample raw human material for radicals to proselytize in the future.

This is not to say that Islam in the West is not producing a school of modern Islamic theology; it is, like that of Mohamed Arkoun at Paris University, Khaled Abou al-Fadl at UCLA and others. But this school has too few students. This is not only because of the conservative nature of Muslims. It also has to do with the lower social and educational level of first-generation immigrants, and, more importantly, with the fact that all contemporary forms of vibrant religiosity are usually based on charismatic, pietist and anti-intellectual approaches.

This is not a "Muslim" issue alone, then, but a modern one: modern theologians are not very popular in either the charismatic Christian movements or the Curia in the Vatican. Innovative theologians everywhere are waging uphill battles, whether under the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith or in the domain of the American-style televangelists. Indeed, contemporary forms of religiosity among second-generation Muslims outside the Middle East are closer to those of their 19th- and 20th-century American Christian counterparts than to medieval Islam: in short, they are examples of revivalism. Religious revivalism, after all, is centered not in family and communal tradition, but on individuals who experience a crisis of identity amid the discontinuity of familial and communal ties. It accords with individualism, the reconstruction of an imagined community (the evangelical church or the umma), a crisis of authority, defiance toward theological formality and religious authorities (bishops as well as ulama). It privileges self-instruction and an insistence on emotional faith rather than theology and traditional rituals.

In our time, religious revivalism is almost always socially conservative, from the American Bible Belt to the Lubavitch movement to John Paul II's defense against liberation theology. Conservative religious leaders rail against corruption and lost values, and in this sense transnational European Islam is becoming a part of the European debate on values. Many imams preach about "regaining happiness", "recovering from destitution", affirming a categorical difference between right and wrong, making a good life and so on-no different, in essence, from what conservative Christian and Jewish clergy say to their congregations.

Preaching such a message is a challenge for all conservative clergy, given the conditions they face in Europe. But it is only one of many challenges for Muslim clergy, for they are confronted head-on with the issue of tolerance. A complex dialectic has been set in motion: many Muslims in Europe define the bounds of their own toleration in relation to how they themselves are tolerated by non-Muslim Europeans--and here a world of mutual misperception spreads before us. Pim Fortuyn's decision to enter Dutch politics was triggered, he said, by the speech of a Moroccan-born imam who called homosexuals "sick people." This was, for the imam, a way to excuse homosexuals and thus to avoid the harsh treatment set down for them in the sharia, but Fortuyn could not have been expected to appreciate this. As some Europeans react against "alien" Muslim elements among them, it makes some Muslims more defensive and intolerant.

But not all Europeans do so, and not all Muslims are turning inward. Thus, Haci Karacaer, the aforementioned head of the Dutch Milli Görüs, has engaged in a dialogue with the Gay and Lesbian Associations, something inconceivable in the Middle East (where, on the contrary, there is a growing hostility toward homosexuality, as illustrated by the Cairo trials of 2002). In other words, matters are in flux, and how they are managed by both sides will go far to determine how much tinder for anger and violence may lie ahead.

In this sense, it is not theological debate but concrete interactions between European Muslims and non-Muslim society that is driving the evolution of EuroIslam. Clearly, the fundamentalist organizations of the different salafi schools try to prevent such an interaction by advocating the maintenance of a "closed" community for devout Muslims. Modernism is spread mainly by community leaders and local preachers who, when confronted by their salafi colleagues, dare to part company with them. September 11 has magnified the "obligation to speak" among moderate mainstream Muslims who are caught between a desire to express solidarity with more conservative fellow-believers and the pressure of European public opinion to denounce the veil and sharia.

Moderate Islam must be elaborated by Muslims themselves over the course of time, and not under political pressure or in a forced theological debate. Such a debate among Muslims in Europe will certainly come to pass, and it may even have an impact in traditional Middle Eastern societies--so much, anyway, we may hope, for reform is not yet making much headway in the authoritarian political cultures of the Muslim Middle East. But whatever the different trends at work--radicalism, liberalism, humanism--it is clear that they are the product of the endogenous evolution of EuroIslam. From a national security perspective, a great deal is riding on the outcome.

Olivier Roy is senior researcher at the French National Center for Scientific Research and author of L'Islam Mondialise' (Le Seuil, 2002), to be published in English in 2003.

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Spring 2003
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          How to Bridge the Generation Gap with Millennial Clients        

In a world shaped by rapidly advancing technology, economic challenges and overwhelming student debt, millennials confront unique challenges in developing financial proficiency—especially when it comes to filing taxes. It’s also increasingly common for millennials to earn income through nontraditional means (ranging from social media profits to various contract and freelance jobs), which can further complicate [...]

The post How to Bridge the Generation Gap with Millennial Clients appeared first on Thomson Reuters Tax & Accounting.

          The Climate Change Generation Gap        
Do young people care more about climate change than old people? That’s part of the premise of a new outreach effort by the Grand Canyon Trust. Back in 2014, the Flagstaff-based Grand Canyon Trust launched an experimental new program called “Uplift.” The idea is to create a regional conservation movement specifically aimed at young people.
          Men Who Leapt Through Time (2017)        
A quiz show with topics that range from dating to politics, economy, culture, entertainment, and common knowledge! To get the questions right, they must look at the questions from a young adult’s point of view. Can the middle-aged hosts of this special quiz show overcome the generation gaps?
          Cousins: Family and Connection        

Of all of my 1st cousins on my father's side of the family, I was the baby of that generation of the clan. By the time I came along in 1949, many of those cousins were already in high school, and some were already married with children of there own, a couple of such children being as old or even a little order then me.

That providence of differing ages made family get-together's interesting for me. As a young kid, it was a little fuzzy at times as to how everyone related to me. The other impact was that I did not have the degree of mutual experiences with these older cousins that I had with those on Mom's side of the family that were more my age and generation. That pretty well describes the gap that existed; it was a generation gap. Some of them were actually closer to my Father in age then they were to me. Sadly, some of those cousins are no longer with us; they have passed away and the opportunity to connect and relate has passed.

With my retirement back in December of 2013, I find I am now having time to "catch up" with the lives of some of those older cousins who are still with us. We've had occasion to get together and visit, and share some of the stories of our lives. I find in that a certain fulfillment. These cousins are family and also friends. I hear stories about my Grandpa and Grandma, and about my Aunts and Uncles, and of course, the cousins themselves. After all these years, I am connecting with them on a level not previously known. That's pretty neat, and it is pretty precious.

          No Generation Gap in the Body of Christ        
NO GENERATION GAP IN THE BODY OF CHRIST 2 Timothy 2:1-18 In the last Olympics, it was fascinating to watch the 4-by-100 and the 4-by-400 track and field races. In all of these races there is a baton that is passed on from runner to runner. The baton is essential to successfully completing the race. […]
          Lions Eating People        
What the fuck is going on?

How, exactly have people been convinced that they like the atonal, non-melodic, idiotic posturing that now somehow passes for music?

"Art" has become THE EMPEROR'S NEW CLOTHES, on Red Bull.  

I defy anyone, and I do mean any_fucking_one to explain to me why they like this worthless piece of shit called (of course) Swagger Like Us.

And don't even attempt to say something like "oh I guess someone's getting old", or "gee, it looks like someone got up on the wrong of side the bed today", because this has nothing to do with generation gaps or my current mood.  It has EVERYTHING to do with my general intolerance for stupidity, arrogance, and outright condescension masquerading as art.  No, I take some of that back.  There's no longer even an attempt to masquerade.  The fucking emperor no longer even believes in the clothes.  He's just standing there, naked, smacking you in the face with his dick, daring you to prove that it's not the goddamn mic stand.

And yes, I DO realize that the above metaphor is somewhat unwieldy, but you'll think it works because I'm telling you that it does.

          Silent but deadly . . . For Real!        
This issue: Max Allan Collins makes his lasting addition to The Batman's rogues gallery. You guessed it, she's a mime! The Mime! This is actually a pretty fun issue, but c'mon, don't cover-blurb it like it's a new villain we will ever care about seeing again. We really won't. Before I move, Kevin Nowlan once again draws someting really well. That guy's great!

To begin: Someone robbed a church. That's low. The Batmobile has a swell novelty plate. Wait, that's on the back. That's a real license plate. I guess it helps to have friends in law enforcement . . .

Turns out, it's the Mime's been doin' crimes! Not the biggest revelation, really. Why do comics even have covers, if all they do is spoil surprises? Anyhow, I think Collins only wrote this so he could use all the mime jokes in his repertoire. Funny thing is, I get the impression Batman is being dead serious right now.

Not so much here. Here he's just chillin' in the commish's office while Gordon laments having to round up a bunch of literal clowns for the witness to identify. Didn't work out. Where's Batman's toothpick? He needs a toothpick here.

And that repertoire of mime jokes is exhausted already. Seriously, the oldest mime joke in the world is "Mime's are lousy." Come on. Batman offers some sage words of wisdom.

In the end, they save heavy rock group "Blister Twister" from the Mime's insidious acts of quiet terror and let them get on with covering Simon & Garfunkel (seriously). Then Batman questions everything he stands for in order to illustrate the generation gap.
thanks to Batman # 412 (Oct. 1987) Written by Max Allan Collins, penciled by Dave Cockrum, inked by Don Heck

          Chapter 9: Happiness, Happiness        
A very graphic, first-hand description of the atomic bomb attack on Japan. What is significant about Oskar's choice to share this with the class? How is it connected?
How does the story of Buckminster fit in on a deeper level?
Why do you think Stan pulls his hand back from Mr. Black when they are introduced?
There are some good sections that highlight the generation gap between Mr. Black and Oskar.  Which ones did you notice, and how do they help build the characters or the story?
Why does Oskar insist on finding out if Agnes Black had any kids? Is Mr. Black lying about the answer? If he is, why would he do that?
What do the letters from Gary Franklin and Jane Goodall tell us about Oskar? What does this second response from Stephen Hawking tell us?
Oskar states that he sometimes thinks that the key opens everything. What has it opened so far?
What do you learn about Oskar from his session with the therapist? What do you learn about his mother from the choppy conversation that Oskar eavesdrops on?
Why does he listen to his father's message when he gets home from his therapy session?

The chapter is titled "Happiness, Happiness." Why?

          Tudor England's generation gap comes to life in Thomas Penn's Winter King        
From The Week of December 3, 2012

Death and renewal, life's fundamental opposing forces, define our world. They breathe change into our seasons and put fuel into the earth. They provide food for organisms and ensure evolutions steady march. No force is beyond their authority, not even the stars that make life possible. But inside these universal systems, death and renewal shape our lives just as profoundly. They define our relationships, our jobs, and especially our goals, demanding that we move through our limited existence with alacrity and desperation, propelled by the knowledge that everything we are and everything we love is not only finite but fleeting. Even if we cannot hear this driving drumbeat of life, it guides our actions which, in turn, shape our kingdoms, our empires, even our nations. This is a truth well-captured by Mr. Penn's engaging biography of the sunset of the life of Henry VII and the sunrise of his sun, the infamous Henry VIII.

Uncounted barrels of ink have been spilled in an attempt to illustrate the lives and times of the House of Tudor, a brief but influential dynasty that, in the sixteenth century, uplifted England from a political also-rand to a mercantile powerhouse to rival Europe's richest empires. Much of this attention has been understandably taken up by Henry VIII, and his numerous wives, and his daughter, Elizabeth I, who governed her country more wisely than most of its kings. One created a religion; the other created an empire. Together, they were salacious and noble, headstrong and ruthless. But though this attention is warranted, it excludes perhaps the most fascinating Tudor ruler, the man who set the stage for the men and women who followed him.

As firm as he was cheap, as wise as he was suspicious, Henry VII spent his life uniting a fractured crown. Forcing his way to power in the wake of the War of the Roses, a merciless conflict that pitted two of England's most powerful families against one another in a devastating war, he devoted decades of his life to improving England's fiscal standing, linking its fortunes to Europe's most powerful banners. In these maneuvers, he was largely successful, partly thanks to his willingness to use any tactic, no matter how underhanded, to achieve his ends. But such a zealous pursuit of wealth and power with which to pass on to ones heirs must leave its marks, not only on the man but the nation as well, and Henry VII was no exception. For as he lay dying, as his promising son stood ready to inherit all that he had wrought, he was powerless to check the cronies and the influencers, the strongmen and the schemers who he'd used to elevate England and who he'd once played so well. And so, though his son would inherit arguably the richest kingdom in Europe, he would also inherit a security state with a keenly self-interested apparatus, one both willing to manipulate its king and be bound by him, a dangerous precedent that served the younger henry not nearly as well as it did his wiser father.

Winter King is a potent and powerful biography of a transformative period in world history. Mr. Penn invites us back to the dawn of the British Empire, a time in which england lay battered and broken by feuds empowered by greed and self-entitlement, an England that no one could have imagined becoming the defining power of the next 500 years. Here, the author winningly illustrates the lives of the two men who did the most to reshape that country's destiny, setting it upon the path of fame and infamy, fortune and conquest. He captures the fundamental differences between the calculating father and the headstrong son, the shrewd king in his final years and the ambitious prince in his roaring youth, leaving no doubt in the minds of his readers that these men, and the events they weathered, loomed over the generations that followed them. Loves and marriages, schemes and tourneys, assassinations and betrayals are all covered here, detailed in a tome inescapably defined by the cruel but inevitable tides of life.

This is not a perfect history. Mr. Penn disappointingly ignores the first half of Henry VII's life, summing it up in a few pages that gloss over the period's most shattering conflict. This is likely a stylistic choice. For throughout most of the work, the author juxtaposes father and son, their duties, their attitudes, their faiths and their friends. He could hardly adhere to this theme if he covered the time before the younger Henry's birth. Nonetheless, a significant degree of context is lost in this choice, context that might well have aided the reader in understanding the zealously frugal elder henry. As it is, we are introduced to him as an older man, one who has already been forged by the crucible of his time.

Notwithstanding its compromises, Winter King is as readable as it is informative. Too much has already been said of the Tudors. And yet, this is less of an homage than it is an acknowledgement of an exceptional man largely overshadowed by the controversial deeds of his dashing son. In this, it is well worth devouring. (4/5 Stars)

          VICKY ZHANG SPRING/SUMMER 2017        

`A CHILD SHALL LEAD THE WAY’ – VICKY ZHANG SPRING/SUMMER 2017 What better way to cover the generation gap by showing them together in one giant fashion extravaganza. They say in show business that kids are the hardest act to... READ MORE

The post VICKY ZHANG SPRING/SUMMER 2017 appeared first on Fashion Industry's Latest news and Blog @ Fashionedits.

          Generation Blend - Using Technology to Cross The Generational Divide        

Show : Generation Blend - Bridging the Generation Gap

Guest : Rob Salkowitz, author of Generation Blend

Aired :August 17th 2008 

One of our missing shows that recently came back to us.  

          M.A Jinnah split India. Period.        

Sometimes people just love shooting in their foot. Once in the past Advani had done that to prove that he is a moderate. He confused both Pakistani’s and people back home. But since he is a major leader he got away with it as one rare mistake. He is 81 years of age and has lost his last elections and also the chance to become the Prime Minister of Indian Republic. This started the power struggle among the BJP senior leaders to become the next head. Jaswant Singh has long been in the waiting and got a feeling that he is being sidelined by others like Sushma Swaraj, MM Joshi and others who are close to the Sangh.

He was desperate and wanted to do something drastic which would swing things in his favour. Both of which could force a man to abandon his reasoning abilities and act with emotions. He took the radical step of writing a book on Jinnah and went to the extent of repeating Advani’s mistake, but also went ahead to criticise Sardar Patel. He not only shot himself in his foot, but also hacked it, and threw it away! BJP is without in a self destruct mode, now unless Congress really messes up this term or some wonderful leader comes to the rescue of BJP ... I guess we are heading on a road to becoming a unilateral party!

As far as Muhammad Ali Jeenah(this was how he used to sign his name) is concerned, he was a sorry and confused guy. He was jealous of Nehru and felt that he is not getting his due. The britishers were successful in nurturing his inferiority complex and self doubts. They planted the idea of two nations theory. It was initially turned down by the Mahatma and Mr Jeenah too! Gradually he was convinced that the only way he can become the ruler is to split India, else Nehru would sideline him after independence. So he was essentially he was a liberal to some extent, but his ego and selfishness dominated his senses. Had he been a selfless man like the Mahatma, history of the subcontinent would have been different.

As to why Nehru and Sardar Patel supported the partition, im clueless for lack of information!

So after partition, Jeenah got what he wanted hence the Quaid-e-Azam announced in the constituent assembly of Pakistan that people can practice their faith and their religion is not the business of the state.

If you had seen the Lion King you would remember the pack of jackals who surrounded the Lion King, used to influence his thoughts and finally led to his death attempting to save his son Simba. A similar thing happened to Jeenah. He was sidelined after the partition. But Jinnah wanted to organise plebiscite in Kashmir, and if they wanted to go to India, he was willing to agree. But others (the jackals) were against the idea.They wanted to separate Kashmir from India.

His trusted man Liaqat Ali Khan was killed. Jinnah was suffering from TB already, then complications in Lung cancer also developed and wanted to return from Quetta to Karachi. Quaid-e-azam was denied even an ambulance, and timely medical attention which could have saved his life. Since he was becoming an ideological threat to the jackals and was aiming at making Pakistan a softer state. Thus, he died a sorry death and could not enjoy the fruits of the separatist state he created and is misinterpreted widely.

His life is an example of the line “I slogged for it. I got it. Shit!”

Are you confused whether I like Jinnah, Well I think I pity him. I am fine with his ideology, but hate him for partitioning my happy country. I will never forgive him for being a weak man and misleading the muslims into believing they are insecure in India and leading them to live life of a Mohajir in Pakistan - a 2nd rate citizen! But my respect for the Mahatma has certainly increased over time. Though I disagree with him on few ideas … but then he was born 116 years before me… so Generation gap!

          Why I Won’t Celebrate ‘Bring Your Parents to Work Day’        
Late yesterday, I got an email reminding me that today is the first annual “Bring Your Parents to Work Day.” LinkedIn, which created the occasion, describes it as “a global initiative designed to help bridge the gap between parents and their professional children.” When I read this my first reaction was, What gap? The millennials certainly don’t have anything approaching the generation gap we boomers had with our moms and dads. My second reaction was to email my 24-year-old, who, by …
          à¶¯à·à¶±à·Š කාලේ හැදෙන කොල්ලන් ගේ හැටි! - Generation gap?        

මේ ලියන්නේ දාසය වියැති අපේ පුතා ගැනයි.

ඔහු පුදුම කොලුවෙකු බව මට දැන් මාස කිහිපයකට පෙර සිතී, වැටහී, එය සාක්‍ෂි සහිතව ස්ඵුට විය. ඒ සුවිශේෂී අත්දැකීම් දෙක තුනක් මත පදනම් වී මා කරන ප්‍රකාශයකි.

ඉන් මුල් අත්දැකීම මා ලැබුවේ මීට තෙමසකට පමණ පෙර පුතා ගේ පාසලේ අපේ භාෂාවෙන් ස්පෝර්ට්ස් මීට් එක හෙවත් මෙහි යෙදුමෙන් ස්පෝර්ට්ස් කානිවල් එක දවසේ ය.

මේ උත්සවය පැවැත්වුණේ ඔවුන් ගේ පාසල් ක්‍රීඩා පිටියේ නොව, ඊට වඩා පහසුකම් ඇති ජවන හා පිටිය මලල ක්‍රීඩා සඳහා සකසන ලද ක්‍රීඩා පිටියක ය. එය පිහිටියේ පුතා ගේ පාසලේ සිට කිලෝ මීටර් හයක් පමණ දුරිනි.

ඒ ස්ථානයට ළමුන් රැගෙන පාසලෙන් උදේ අටයි හතළිස් පහට බස් රථ පිටත්වෙන බව දන්වා තිබුණත්, නිවසේ සිට පාසල කරා යන අතර මගදී මට වැටහුණේ නියමිත වේලාවට පාසලට යෑමට නොහැකි වෙන බවයි. එනිසා මා ඒ ගමන අමතක කර කෙළින් ම, නියමිත ක්‍රීඩා පිටිය වෙත වාහනය පැදවීමි.

නිවාසාන්තර ක්‍රීඩා උත්සවය යනු, මා ගලහිටියාව මධ්‍යම පාසලේ ඉගෙන ගන්නා කාලයේ අපේ වසරේ ප්‍ර්‍රියතම දිනය විය. ඒ ගැන යටි සිතින් සිතමින් රිය පැදවූ මම, අදාළ ස්ථානයට ළඟා වීමි.

පුතා රියෙන් බැස මගෙන් සමුගෙන ක්‍රීඩාගාරය කරා යන්නට සැරසෙත් ම, මට යමක් හදිසියේ මතක් විය. ඔහුට නවතින්ට කී මම, කලිසමේ පිටුපස සාක්කුවෙන් පසුම්බිය රැගෙන මුදල් නෝට්ටුවක් ගෙන ඔහුට දුන්නෙමි.

"මට එපා!" පුතා කීවේ ය.

"ඇයි, එපා කියන්නේ ගන්න!"

"එපා, මට අම්මා දුන්නු සල්ලි තියෙනවා!" ඔහු කීවේ මා මවිතයට පත් කරමිනි.

මේ හා සමාන සිදුවීමක්, ඊළඟ පාසල් නිවාඩු කාලයේ දී, පාසලේ මිතුරන් සමග, සිනුවර පැවැත්වෙන වාර්ෂික කෘෂිකර්ම ප්‍රදර්ශනය නැරඹීමට යාම පිණිස පුතාව දුම්රිය පොළට හැරලවූ මොහොතේ දී ද සිදුවිය.

ඔහු ගේ වයසේ දී, මේ වැනි අවස්ථාවක් එළැඹුණ හොත් මා නම් කරන්නේ දෙමව්පියන් හෝ වැඩිහිටියන් හෝ වියදම් සඳහා මා අතට දෙන ඕනෑම මුදලක් එපා නොකියා ගැනීමයි.

දැන් කාලේ හැදෙන කොල්ලන් ගේ හැටි!

හොඳම සිදුවීම වූයේ ඉන් පසු දිනක ය.

ශ්‍රී ලාංකික සම්භවයක් ඇති කොයි කවුරුත් මෙන් අප ද සාමාන්‍යයෙන් නිවසේ දී පානය කරන්නේ තේ වතුර ය. තේ සාදන සාමාන්‍ය ක්‍රම දෙකෙන් වැඩි පහසුව පිණිස අපි කෝප්පවලට දමන තේ බෑග් භාවිතා කරමු. තේ කුඩු යොදා තේ පෝච්චියට තේ සෑදීම වඩා ප්‍රිය මනාප නමුත් කාලය වැඩියෙන් ගත වීම සහ පසු-පිරිසිදු කිරීම් වැඩිවීම නිසා අප නිවසේ එතරම් නොකෙරේ.

කෝපි සෑඳීම සඳහා නම් ක්‍රම හතරක් ම ඇත. එයින් ද, පහසුව පිණිස අප කරන්නේ ක්‍ෂණික කෝපි කුඩු භාවිතයයි. වසර කිහිපයක සිට ජනප්‍රිය වී ඇති පොඩ්ස් භාවිතය ද, සෑහෙන්න ලේසි පහසු මෙන් ම පසු-පිරිසිදු කිරීම් ද අඩු ක්‍රමයකි.

එතෙක් එළ කිරි හෝ කිරි තේ හෝ බොමින් සිටි අපේ පුතා දැනට මාස කිහිපයක සිට කෝපි කෝප්පයක රස විඳින්නට ද පටන් ගත්තේ ය. සෑදීමේ පහසුව නිසා ම, ඔහු වඩා ප්‍රිය කළේ ක්‍ෂණික කෝපි පානයටයි.

දිනක් සවස නිවසට පැමිණි මා දුටුවේ මා සාමාන්‍යයෙන් මිල දී නොගන්නා වර්ගයක කෝපි කුඩු බෝතලයකි.

"ඇයි ඔයා මේ අපි කලින් බීලා නැති කෝපි ජාතියක් මේ පාර ගෙනාවේ?" මම බිරිඳගෙන් විමසුවෙමි.

"මං නොවෙයි, මං කඩේ ගියේ නෑ!" ඇය කීවා ය.

"මායි ගෙනාවේ!" පුතා වරද පිළිගත්තේ ය.

"ඇයි ඒ?"

"කෝපි බෝතලේ ඉවරවෙලා තිබුණා ඊයේ!"

"ඉතිං ඔයාට කොහෙන් ද සල්ලි?"

"මා ගාව තාත්තා කලින් දවසක දුන්නු සල්ලි ටිකක් ඉතුරු වෙලා තිබුණා, ඉතිං මං ඉස්කෝලේ ඉවර වෙලා එද්දී කඩෙන් ගත්තා!" මා මවිත කරමින් පුතා කීවේ ය.

"ඇයි ඔයාගේ සල්ලිවලින් ගෙනාවේ? කීයක් ගියා ද? ඉන්න මං සල්ලි දෙන්න!" මම වහා කීවෙමි.

"එපා, ඒ මගේ සල්ලි නෙමෙයි නේ, ඔයාලා කලින් දවසක මට දුන්නු සල්ලි නේ."

ඔන්න දැන් කාලේ හැදෙන කොල්ලන් ගේ හැටි!


(image: http://www.pinsdaddy.com/)
          Time cover story highlights evolving gender identities        

In the new issue of Time Magazine, an article titled “Infinite Identities” is featured on the cover, drawing on a GLAAD-commissioned survey to explore the evolution of gender and sexual identity in younger (Millennial) generations. The survey found that 20% of Millennials identify as something other than strictly cisgender and straight, as compared to 7% of Baby Boomers.


The article points out that some feel as though there are more people than ever identifying as LGBTQ, but that this is likely a result of growing rates of acceptance—individuals who are coming out as LGBTQ are doing so because they feel more comfortable than they may have in prior years.


"There have been the generations that have lived by the rules and those generations that break the rules,"  GLAAD President and CEO Sarah Kate Ellis tells Time magazine. Young people today, she says, are "redefining everything."


The Time article discusses the idea of rejecting binaries, meaning that it is more likely in the Millennial generation that someone will identify as bisexual, pansexual, or asexual than simply “gay” or “straight,” as in the past. To a somewhat lesser extent, this is true of gender identity as well—rather than “man” or “woman,” Millennials are more likely to identify as gender nonconforming, genderqueer, or demi-fluid.


The piece also turns to older organizations or individuals within the LGBTQ movement, who have often used binary descriptions in their arguments for equality. By focusing on how gender and sexual identities have evolved over time, the article begs for us to observe the generation gap that has arisen, even within the LGBTQ movement.


To read more, click here

March 16, 2017

          Comm 385: Generation GAP (week 7)        

Not the jeans.

Seriously, this will have nothing to do with GAP jeans, and the propensity of teen girls to cry desperately to their mother to buy them this particular brand of clothing. Maybe I am out of touch however, since my last image of this was 19 years ago while I watched my two sisters nearly pass out in hysterics over this issue. Maybe now its Abocrombie and Fitch. Maybe Old Navy. I just don't know.

But I am going to be talking (writing) about a 'gap' (notice the lowercase, and lack of any trademark). Why is it important that I distinguish between this, I mean, 'gap' has always meant or been defined as a break or hole in an object or between two objects'. Not always has the word been associated with a midrange clothing store. But today I am discussing an interview with three different friends of mine... and the word 'gap' is going to be very important. 

The intent was to interview three age groups. Without getting into specifics: young, middle-aged and old. Why no specifics - because there is a difference in mindset which does not necessarily translate based on age alone. It would have been a matter of triviality to find someone in each given age group who thought and used the internet (our topic de jour) in ways purportedly of another age. Good friends slightly older, hitting that middle group who are fascinated with each piece and parcel of online connectivity, young people too distracted by hormones to care what a blinking box does... no, I separate not by the actual age, but by their general age group. Someone who identifies themselves as middle aged, someone who thinks (and is) far too young for their own good, and someone who considers youth a thing long past. That, and besides the youngest interviewee, nobody wanted their age mentioned. Natch (slang for naturally- I picked it up from, of all things, Frosty the Snowman as read by Jimmy Durante).

The youngest of the trio, a late teenish friend from OSU. To her, the internet is her lifeline. Far from home, the internet is her communication tool for maintaining relationships across the country. Daily she chats with her mother over Skype, teases her boyfriend over IM, and updates her friends via MySpace. Like a "personal assistant", her computer serves her every need - from classwork to shopping, from friends to entertainment; her trusted Dell works through it all. It is on at all hours, and her most frequent companion when running around town or class. "If I don't have my laptop, it's like my world is much smaller". She also finds that she is not sure she would have come all the way out to Oregon if it weren't for the internet - she only even applied to OSU due to finding it online. 

Without the same enthusiasm, the internet is greeted by my 'middle aged' friend, who found being labelled middle aged far more disturbing than the potential loss of internet access. "It's a tool... plan and simple. I use it alot (sic), but don't trust it necessarily". Much more embattled, he indicates that the internet is very easy and straightforward to use, but that he just doesn't see the need to use it for everything. "A phone call is better" he explains, (which doesn't explain why I had to email him these questions). He indicated he shopped a lot, used email heavily but rarely chatted online, and didn't bother with social connectivity sites. When asked about his level of comfort using the internet, he wrote back a fairly long diatribe about user interface design and people making things unnecessarily complicated. He then lambasted me a bit (in good fun) for not specifying which application, since the internet is a global connected computer infrastructure, and not a specific tool one would use. He never actually answered, but based on his technical skills, I would say pretty comfortable.

Lastly, I asked an old timer here at work. Forced to use the internet due to the demands of modern educational infrastructure, he wasted no time at all complaining about the lack of personal connection, the inefficiency of email and the idiocy of thinking that everything one sent out on the internet would always arrive. He told tales of people who would call, asking 'Did you get my email' which had been sent just a few minutes ago. He also complained loudly at the requirements to do so many things online nowadays, lamenting when taxes used to be so much simpler to file. "What in the heck has happened to stamps!' he quipped at me several times. Now, to be fair, I chose him to interview because I know how much he dislikes the "damned paperweight on my desk". So, much of this I expected. But I think he is a fair example of someone who had done a job for 35 years before having the paradigm of operation change on him virtually overnight. Only one door down can be found the next generation of scientific researcher - office cluttered with multitudes of powerful computers. The aged researcher complains of the noise and heat generated, and heads down to get more coffee, his email unread in the background. I sit around for a bit before I realize that he isn't coming back all that quickly, and leave - noticing that he has gotten into a debate about space usage with the Director out here, and indicating that he had no intention of trying to send a map of his lab space via email. He retires in a few months, so I think my boss is fighting a losing battle. 

Three age groups. I can't help but thing of those who had horses at the early part of the 20th century. Doomed by the advent of the modern automobile, their children would consider horses but a farm tool... to their grandchildren, a pet...  while to the last horsemen it was their essential means of travel and a trusted companion. So too has the internet changed our society. Age has little to do with the barrier of connectivity, but it could be said that the propensity to learn new things versus the comfort of tradition influences participation online as much as anything else. My father sends me photos, but can't seem to write more than a word or two via email. My mother, younger, a bit more but it falls to my sisters to actually communicate online with me from time to time. I imagine my daughter will grow up in a world where snail mail is becoming a distant memory, where email is the tool of the 'older' generation, and direct video conferencing via Skype or its replacement is the common paradigm. She will never understand the hesitance of phone calls due to long distance charges, never not be exposed to up to the minute' video recordings of major news events catalogued in massive searchable databases. Even TV, long a staple of defined dates and times is now falling - swept aside by the on demand video and time-shifting recording devices. I realize only now, she will never have seen a dial knob on a TV. Weird.

I make my living supporting technology. I live and die with online innovation - Apple saves me months of frustration, Vista loses me those same months. In my lifespan, I have seen the emergence of the home computer market. I was born near the same time as Apple and Microsoft... with them I have clothed myself, fed myself and bought many a pastel fruit drink guys are supposed to be embarrassed to buy. I see the generational gap (finally, I use the word again) defined so clearly from age to age. Each individual defining their age differently, yet each individual fitting so neatly into a usage category - each defined by not only how, but why we are online. The 'net pervades our lives now. From taxes, to shopping, to dating, to relationships and connections. The flow of data from one point to another finds a path of least resistance among us all. For some, this age will nearly pass us by... for others, we are drowned in the electronic noise. Is it fair to say one group stereotypically defines usage?  ...No, but we can point to trends. Younger people have grown up with these tools being the only known way of communicating, so for them it is essential. The older generation have been shown another way, yet move to the point of most effectiveness individually. 

Lastly, some of them just think its too damned annoying and want us to get the internet the hell off their lawn. Yes... yes... yes... sorry, it was just a wifi hotspot. :-)

          Should Parents Motivate Their Children to Play Drums?        
Out of ten parents, nine would like to see their kids play a musical instrument. Out of ten well-liked musical instruments, piano, guitar and violin will certainly be the top three preferences. For parents, the tenth will probably be drums.

Why? There are a few reasons for this. First, Rock music and heavy metal genres are associated with drums for a lot of parents. The noise and loud banging may be associated with rock music. Next, wild things are connected with rock music. Who wants to raise a wild child? Finally, Parents and children may differ in music genres preferences because of the generation gap.

In retrospect, should parents encourage their kids to master drums? Why not? Here are the advantages of kids learning how to play drums:

1. Drums are cool musical instruments. A lot of hip musical instruments will motivate children to learn. Parents won't have difficulty prodding their children to learn how to play drums. The passion to learn how to play drums will come from the children themselves.

2. Playing drums will override the kids' boredom. Drumming demands a lot of energy and sweat. The activity will keep the kids focused.

3. Learning to play drums is convenient, especially when kids learn to play drums at home. Parents will be saved from a lot of hassles because learning to master the drums is accessible through DVDs. Learn to drum DVDs help teach children to learn in the comforts of their homes.Learning to drum is convenient. Parents do not have to go through the hassles of private lessons. Learn drums DVDs are accessible to teach children right in the comforts of their own homes. Learning to master drums is made simple and quick.

The drums may be associated with rock music and outrageous things. However, this stereotype should not alarm parents. Drums are the life of any band. The drum beat gives depth to rock music and jazz music. Parents should encourage their kids to learn and master drums. Music will lead children to be creative and goal-directed.

To really learn how to play the drums, read these reviews of learn drum dvds

Other sites:
Why Learning to Play Drums is Good for Children
          The Crew        
Over the past several months SGT Tremain and I have facilitated our ministry to Soldiers by joining our Command Sergeant Major in his battlefield circulation. We're usually on the road Mondays through Saturdays. SGT Tremain and I have come to know the crew members on our respective trucks quite well. It's not uncommon for us to be on the road traveling for four hours a day. Not even the ever present threat of IEDs (roadside bombs) is enough to keep these trips through the bland desert from becoming boring.

Our crew consists of the sergeant major; he commands the vehicle. SPC Crerend is our driver and radio operator. PFC Testa is our gunner, and I am the passenger. (During my previous deployment I drove thousands of miles. Now that trucks have turrets and .50 caliber machine guns mounted to them, driving them is viewed as a violation of my strict role as a non-combatant.) Each morning we begin our trip listening over our headsets to the sergeant major reading the daily intelligence summary of threats in the battle space. Each of us wears a Bose headset that allows us to speak to one another within the truck, with the other two gun trucks, and with companies' and higher headquarters. Some of our more interesting conversations of late have concerned NASCAR (I am learning more than I ever wanted to know from the sergeant major), foods and restaurants we're looking forward to when we return to the States, and our favorite TV shows growing up. Because CSM Sumner and I are in our late thirties and SPC Crerend and PFC Testa are in their early twenties, many of our conversations are made even more interesting with the generation gap.
          #368: Mailbag Monday: Stories We Tell Ourselves        

Are you eager to find more ways to offer the next product to your client?

Do you have a generation gap in your company?

Do you have customers who take your relationship for granted?

In today’s episode, veteran sales trainers Bill Caskey and Bryan Neale magnify Mailbag Monday by three. You will hear strategies to get out of a “product mentality” mindset. You will learn how to break down stereotypes about generations before and after you. You will learn to examine the movie you’re playing in your head and what to do about it.

In this episode of The Advanced Selling Podcast, you will walk away with answers to questions most sales people have been challenged by for years. Take advantage of this opportunity to learn from fellow listeners and dive into coaching from Bill and Bryan on how to improve your sales game.


Want more sales training like this? Visit www.advancedsellingpodcast.com for access to exclusive listener sales tools and resources.


Join the LinkedIn Group www.advancedsellingpodcast.com/linkedin or give us a call 317.575.0057;10.

          5 Things Lankan Kids Have To Put Up With        

Yes it’s true, parents can get on your nerves at times (but to be fair, I’m pretty sure we get on their nerves ALL the time :P). We don’t exactly see eye to eye on certain things with them. It could be due to the generation gap, but who knows? It is just something that […]

The post 5 Things Lankan Kids Have To Put Up With appeared first on Pulse.

          Blog Post: Titanfall doesn't fall short on Xbox 360        

So, as with every generation gap in gaming we come to this question. Are the multi gen games as good on the previous generation? It's a well known fact that game developers will focus more time on the next gen consoles than they will on their predecessors, it's just common sense. You want people playing next gen, it boost everyones' sales and makes everyone happy. 

So when Titanfall was announced for Xbox one, PC, and Xbox 360, it was no surprise that hopes weren't as high for the 360 version. PC games always manage to keep up(or surpass) with console versions, so people knew it would be fine. And with the Xbox one version being the poster boy of the ad campaign, the 360 version was kept out of most peoples minds.

I however have learned for the most part to not worry to much about console gap, at least not this early. After the next gen has been around for a few years these concerns have more warrant, but only a few months after launch, the next generation really isn't that much better that the previous one. So when I got Titanfall for the 360, I wasn't as worried as others.

My lack of worry turned out to be of correct decision. Yes, Titanfall on the 360 doesn't look or sound as good when compared to the Xbox one version, but it still looks and sounds good. Yes, the frame rate is lower, but not enough to affect gameplay. In the end, the only real difference between the two is just that, the graphics. You still free run without a hitch as a pilot, and the Titans don't feel any less powerful.

So yes, while the Xbox one and PC versions may be better, the 360 version could stand on its own. It plays great and is still graphically pleasing. I strongly stand by the opinion that next gen doesn't get much better until a couple years after its launch, and this game helps that opinion. I'll be getting watch dogs on the 360 as well, so we'll see how long that lasts. Back on point, Titanfall is great on the 360, so if you don't have an Xbox one, don't feel to hesitant to by it on the 360. 

          How to Bridge the Generational Gap at Work?        

Generation Gap

If you look around your workplace, you will see four various generations born in different eras, each with different mindsets and work ethics.  A distinct set of experiences plays a major role in shaping the generations and influence their work styles.

Understanding the types of generation, which generation your employees fall into, and how other generations may view their behaviour is vital in bridging the generational gap.

Here are four generations work side by side:

Traditionalists (1945 and before) – (70 or older):

Traditionalists, also known as "Veterans” have excellent communication and interpersonal skills and have good respect for the rules and authority.  They are the generation who did not grow up with mobile devices or computers and influenced by the great depression and Second World War. Traditionalists are disciplined, self-sacrificing, & cautious.

Baby Boomers (1946– 1964) - (51 – 69 years old):

They are the children of traditionalists and influenced by the post-war social changes.  These first TV generations are workaholic, optimistic, self-driven and team-oriented.  Baby Boomers are positive about authority and hierarchal structure, for them work is an exciting adventure.

Generation X (1965–1979) – (37 – 50 years old):

They are also called The Latchkey generation.  Those from this generation are typically self-reliant and well-educated generation so far who have also adapted well to technology.  They are intolerant of bureaucracy, critical, and hardworking.

Generation Y/ Millennials (1980- 1995) - (20 – 36 years old):

Generation Y comes from an era of technology.  This group enjoys teamwork and can be very loyal to their work.  They are highly socialized, loyal, optimistic and needy by Generation X managers.  This generation uses digital media to interact with their friends, families, and colleagues.

Depends on a different set of experiences, each generation has its own distinct views of world, values, and perception of work.  This creates a new challenge in the workplace.  A manager/leader should know how to manage each generation to drive teamwork.  Research shows that the cause of many workplace conflicts is generation gap.

In my former blog post, I discussed managing different personalities at work.  Now, don't let generational gap affect your workplace.

Employers must make workplace arrangements in order to create a productive environment for their workforce, regardless of generation.

Here are some guidelines to address this issue and to create an effective workplace culture:

Adopt Effective Communication Techniques: 

Communicating with your workforce regularly can go a long way in bridging the generational gap as methods of communication between these generations vary a lot.  Employees of each generation work in their own unique way based on their work ethics.  Older generations prefer face-to-face communication while younger generations are more comfortable with web-based communication.  Communicating everyone, in the same manner, will not be effective.  Always try to listen more than you speak.  Lack of communication in person can make older generations feel unappreciated.  It is not a nice idea to have a discussion between generations on sensitive topics.

Support and Learn from each other: 

Every person in your workplace is unique and you have something to learn from each generation, watch them and analyse what they do and why.  Each generation has something to contribute and it’s all about your attitude and perspective.  Appreciate employees of each generation as it can have a direct effect on their productivity and it also makes your colleague feel valued.

Build a strong workplace culture:

Building a strong workplace culture can have a big impact on business success and a proper framework to work within.  The set of shared values, goals, and experiences from each generation can contribute to the success of an enterprise.  It’s easier to build a culture when you can manage employees regardless of their generation.  Changing an existing culture is not an easy task, it requires a lot of communication and countless follow-ups.  By understanding and accepting these generation gaps, you can build a strong workplace culture.

Bridging the generational gaps isn’t rocket science.  Rather than focus on these differences, as a leader, think, how you can get the most out of each generation.

For instance, if you are a Generation Y in the position of managing a Baby Boomer, understand their set of strengths and weaknesses and approach accordingly.

Now share your observations below!

          Wii Games To Download Most Popular Nintendo Wii Games for Teens        
Teenagers seem to be the largest group of consumers for the Nintendo Wii games. This is the reason why majority of them are distinctly marketed for them. As a parent it can be quite hard to decide which ones they should be playing. They may like some that are rated E for everyone but chances are they will want more action.

It's the fact that Many of them with blood, shooting, and action in other forms are rated T for Teens as well as M for Mature. This means you have to decide where you draw the line for each of your children. Finding out about some of the choices for the Wii in this category can help you to stay informed. Chances are though your kids in this age group will be telling you exactly what games they are the most interested in. Take the time to talk to them about them so you can get a good indication of what the options are.

The music games seem to really be impressing this age group. Of course this is the time when a career as a rock star or something else that is high profile and pays extremely well is still something they imagine.
There are several Guitar Hero games with an newer version coming out later this year. It will allow more people than ever to play against each other at one time.

The Rock Band games are very popular with the teenagers who love to play the Nintendo Wii as well. This offers more instruments including the drums accessory that you can buy for them. Both of these types of
games feature various songs by popular artists so take the time to explore what music your teen likes before you buy any of them.

Most teenagers are very active so they want to do it when they can. They really seem to like the Wii Fit and all the features it offers. They can spend time inside when it is cold out having a great time staying active. They can also compete against their friends in the various activities. The Wii Fit will help them to get stronger, get
into shape, and even improve their balance. You can’t complain too much if your teenager is spending a great deal of time playing such games on the Wii.

Racing games are popular with any age group and that includes the teenagers. Some of them are getting very excited about getting a learners permit. Others already have their license. Yet being able to race Mario with the Mario Kart game is something completely different. Make it as much fun for them as you can by buying the steering wheel accessory for them to go with it.

Super Smash Brothers is another popular game with Mario in it that teenagers are almost addicted to. You can choose from any of your favorite Nintendo characters including Sonic the Hedgehog. This is a type of duel events with each of the characters having their own powers and weaknesses. You will have to learn how to use the ones for the character that you are fighting with. At the same time though you will need to be well prepared for the forces that your opponent is able to offer.

You will likely find that you also enjoy many of the same games as your teenagers. Take some time to play them with them. They will think you are very cool while you interact over Wii games. It can help bridge
that generation gap that usually does occur. Teenagers often think they have all the answers and their parents are too old to understand. Some really fun times can come along when you spend time playing the Wii
with your teenagers.

The cost of these popular Nintendo Wii games for teenagers are going to vary. Some of them cost only around $30 but the majority of them are about $60. The most expensive Wii game seems to be the Wii Fit for
about $175 but that is one activity that is really worth the investment as you can have real fun while exercising for your health.

If you are seeking the way to get Wii games cheaply, there is actually a way to find unlimited Wii games to download for almost Free. Check this site here: www.wiigamestodownload.com
          The Blueshouse Welcomes You Thursday Nights @ 10:30 PT        

Jonathan "Oogie" Richards saying welcome to our joint on the web! We bring you the blues every Thursday night at 10:30 PM keeping it real and raw the way the great bluesman and woman intended it to be played! The Blueshouse brings a different mix of the music that attracts listeners old and young, as the blues knows no age limit.

The Blueshouse is steeped in the roots of the legendary crossroads, but is not afraid to take the music right to the edge, leaping the generation gap that bridges all modern music today. If you like the sound of a smokin' juke joint of yesterday, the sultry tones of a woman in love to the man who done her wrong with a hard edge, welcome home to The Blueshouse.

Jonathan "Oogie" Richards

          Coldplay Tickets        
If you were to ask anyone familiar with today's music, they would tell you that Coldplay is one of the most influential bands of our time. Their music has become a soundtrack to this generation and a emblem of creativity to the masses. Their insightful lyrics and haunting melodies have inspired people to live lives of wonder and imagination.

Coldplay is a British alternative rock band from London, England. They formed in 1998 and is comprised of Chris Martin on lead vocals and piano, Johnny Buckland on lead guitar, Guy Berryman on bass, and Will Champion on drums and other eclectic instruments. This four piece first achieved worldwide fame and recognition with their hit single, "Yellow" from their debut album "Parachutes." Since then, they have recorded several albums including "A Rush of Blood To The Head,""X and Y," and "Viva la Vida Or Death and All of His Friends." Their latest record, "Viva la Vida Or Death and All of His Friends" received several Grammy nominations and took home Song of the Year, Rock Album of the Year, and Best Pop Vocal Pop Performance by a Duo or Group.

The band's live show is like none other. From souring rock tunes to softer ballads, Coldplay's show has lots to offer the listener. One will not be disappointed by the sounds that they hear while sitting in a crowded arena or in cool theater. Their sound has bridged generation gaps and has brought a pop culture together in song. If the band ever comes to a city near you, go buy Coldplay tickets!

If you have never had the opportunity to hear them in concert, go buy Coldplay tickets and don't miss this amazing opportunity to hear a band that will be around for years and years to come. This band will more than likely stand the test of time and become one of the legendary bands that your kids will listen to when they get older. You have the chance to hear Coldplay in concert now! To buy Coldplay tickets, you can go to http://www.thepremiumticket.com and get the information you need. At this website, you can buy Coldplay tickets, find out information about any tours and also find out when they are coming to a town near you! Buy Coldplay tickets and experience a night you will never forget!
Keith Baxter is one of the worlds most successful online ticket brokers. Keith brokers thousands of tickets weekly online. Currently, Keith is brokering some incredible deals for those looking to buy Coldplay tickets online.
          The Generation Gap In Online Punctuation: An Open Letter (And Revised Style Guide) To Digital English        
Because your younger colleagues may be confused or terrified by the things you email them in a professional context.
          An occasional post        
It is Christmas Eve and I am at home. It is warm enough to sit outside on the terrace and drink coffee, read books, play with the iPad etc. Mrs. Ha is making gingerbread men and all is well with the world. The plan is for 2011 to be my last in full time work. I will be in my 55th year by the time I pack in so enough is enough. I am quite nervous as the outlook for investing for income is quite daunting and I don't want to start eating into my capital right away. I hope I can bite the bullet and get by.

The idea of freedom to do what I want for a while is so attractive. I am increasingly addicted to the Leica although sometimes I find myself frustrated by it. I keep reading more and more about photography. Both the creative side and the technical side. I am thinking through what I really need to do differently to tale better images. Its not about quantity it is about quality. The key word seems to be anticipation. I was reading how Cartier Bresson used to find the setting and then wait for the moment when something happened to trigger the moment he wanted. He could visualize what he wanted and sometimes varied his position by only a few millimeters to get a quite different impact each time. He was said to dance with his camera, he was so light on his feet, trying to create the image he knew he wanted. the expression "the decisive moment" is now for ever bound to HCB but it simply means picking the moment amongst many that encapsulates what it was he wanted to convey.

Whether you call it street photography, documentary photography or reportage it matters little to me. I go out to try and take a better picture than I took last time. If you are photographing people the question is to engage or not to engage. Should you "sneak" the photo or ask. I do both I'm afraid.

This was posed:

This was not

I shot this, as you can probably tell, without using the viewfinder. The lens is at waist height - I am sitting next to the man - and I guessed focus and exposure to take a candid portrait. Its nothing to write home about but I thought it was a nice example of how you can literally "shoot from the hip".

I took some photos in the local park. A lady learning tai chi from her master. I asked if I could take photos and they were quite content. I sat quietly on the bench and tried to get what I wanted. The 50mm was a bit too little but as they moved closer and filled more of the frame the shots improved. The master motioned me to shoot from the other side so I did although I didn't want to. The light was all wrong. When he took a break I moved back round again.

I am converting most of my shots to B&W now and wouldn't mind going back to film for a while. What really troubles me is that when I post images in critique fora they get little reaction. There are occasional exceptions but generally not much by way of feedback. The question therefore is what makes an image stand out enough to get a reaction, positive or negative. I have learned that they need a focal point but many photos - not just mine - are trashed for being too derivative. What does that mean? Copying the style of someone else? I guess developing your own style is hard but distinguishes you from the rest. I am a long way from there yet. Here is another one I like:

What I do enjoy is the creative process of taking a digital image and working on it on the mac with Lightroom 3, Photoshop CS4 and / or Silver Efex Pro to produce a different effect, replicating digitally the grain, tones and textures of black and white film.

In the coming weeks, my focus, if you will pardon the pun, will be on seeing better the image in the viewfinder. The Leica allows you to see what is outside the picture so you can tell when someone is about to enter the actual frame. You have context as you compose. I need to be more aware of the frame lines and think about what is in and what is outside the image boundary. HCB didn't crop his images and the sense was that he moved to make the full frame meaningful rather than cropping after the event to remove extraneous subject matter. This is far from as easy as it sounds and reflects his ability to visualize and choose the perfect or decisive moment to expose the film (or sensor as it is today).

To finish, here is another of my favourite recent snaps. This is the generation gap.....

Happy holidays everyone.
          Jack Kirby's The Forever People        
Jack Kirby's Forever People
DC Comics, 1999

After two years of 'secret' negotiations with the DC Comics editorial staff, in 1970 Jack Kirby left Marvel and joined DC, where he was allowed to create several new series of his own. One of these was The Forever People, which debuted in March, 1971. The series lasted for 11 issues, until November 1972, when it was canceled.

This 1999 trade paperback compiles all 11 issues of the series, rendered in graytone; some four-page shorts Kirby produced as fillers; and a cover gallery.

In his Introduction, former Kirby aide Mark Evanier relates that, although he was 53 years old at the time he joined DC and began composing his 'Fourth World' franchise, Kirby was well aware of the so-called 'Generation Gap' then roiling American society. The Forever People was Kirby's way of portraying younger people in a sympathetic light, as well as promoting a subtle social commentary that touched on the presence of corruption and vice in the 'older' generation ruling society. 

The Forever People were a team of five superpowered denizens of New Genesis who came to Earth for adventure and to right wrongs. They consisted of Big Bear, the quintessential 'hippy'; Vykin the Black; Mark Moonrider; Serafin, a kind of updated version of the Kid Colt character Kirby had illustrated in his old Atlas / Timely days; and Beautiful Dreamer, the 'token' girl member. The team traveled using their unique 'super cycle' and a portable computer called 'Mother Box'.

The main adversary for the Forever People was Darkseid, the nihilistic ruler of Apokalips who sought to turn the Earth's population into his slaves.

After a lengthy arc involving Darkseid, the series changed course with issue 9, one in which DC's management had asked Kirby to involve Deadman in an effort to spark some commercial interest in that character. According to Mark Evanier's Introduction, Kirby was less than happy with being asked to portray Deadman in 'The Forever People', and his script keeps the character in the background.

How does The Forever People hold up, some 46 years later ? To be fair, it was released in the Silver Age of comics, and like many of the comics of that era, particularly those which adhered to the Comics Code, its plot will seem rather tame to modern-day readers. 

It doesn't help matters much that Kirby, as a middle-aged man, was not entirely in synch with the youth culture of the day - his use of phrases like 'she's a groove !', and words like 'uncool', however sincere in their effort to capture the youth culture of the early 70s, were unconvincing at the time, and are even more so today.

Where The Forever People does still shine is in Kirby's artwork, ably inked by Mike Royer. The comic represented a chance for Kirby to show what he could do when he was allowed to work on his own intellectual property, and the panels in The Forever People have an energy and verve that takes the 'classic' Kirby style and does a little bit more with it. It's all the more impressive to realize that Kirby was drawing several different titles for DC at this time, and his workload was significant.

So, who will want to pick up this compilation of The Forever People ? Kirby fans will of course want a copy, although I suspect that they also will wish that DC releases a color version printed on quality stock paper. Until such a time as this happens, used copies of The Forever People are creeping up in price with each passing year......I might suggest getting a copy sooner, rather than later, if you are interested.

          Comment on iHipHop Exclusive Video Interview: Torae Talks The Generational Gap In NY Hip-Hop, 9th Wonder vs. Khrysis, and More by @iHipHop (@S_Dot_Com) Interview: @Torae        
[…] iHipHop.com caught up with Coney Island's own Torae at the Rock Steady Crew's 35th Anniversary show in Lincoln Park, NJ to discuss a variety of topics. In this exclusive interview Torae talks about the generation gap in New York Hip-Hop, getting respect from the older generation of MCs, his upcoming EP "Off The Record," whether he prefers 9th Wonder or Khrysis on the boards, and who he'd like to collaborate with. […]
          Happy Birthday on Sunday. You're Catching Up        
How generation gap effect diminishes over time:

When my son was 5, I was 35.  Ratio was 1 year of his to each 7 of mine, 14.28%.  He was 10 when I was 40.  Ratio then of 1 to 4; his age one fourth of mine, 25%.  And in 2015, he will be 30 when I am 60.  He will be at 50% of my age.  If he gets to be 50 when I am 80, he will be 62.5% of my age.
          Episode 127 – Pro Con        
Cast : Rob, Mike, Art, and Paul Topics : Gaming Generation Gap, Gamer Habits and Backstory Length BS! Sponsors : Meta-Games Unlimited and Obsidian Portal BS! Memberships: Spooky Outhouse Productions Music : All music used with permission of Ghoultown™ Songs Used: Under a Phantom Moon, Killer in Texas, and Train to Nowhere 09:30 : Grognard [...]

          The role that grandparents play in a child’s life        
With evolving family structure and dynamics in the recent decade, wider generation gaps are a trend which is a likely manifestation of the decreasing communication between them, leading to growing distance and disconnect within a family. Given the shift from joint to nuclear families within the Indian cultural context, it becomes important to explore the read more
          The Big Generation Gap at the Polls Is Echoed in Attitudes on Budget Tradeoffs        
Overview The record generation gap that played out at the voting booth in the last two presidential elections is echoed by large differences by age in attitudes about the tradeoff between reducing the federal deficit and preserving entitlements for older adults, according to a new nationwide Pew Research Center survey. Older adults by a lopsided […]
          WINTER OF DISCONTENT: Death Occurred Last Night        

Duccio Tessari’s 1970 giallo ‘Death Occurred Last Night’ is something of a hybrid, combining elements of the procedural, the vigilante thriller and one of the sleazier tropes of the giallo itself – the prostitution ring. But unlike ‘What Have They Done to Solange’ and ‘What Have They Done to Your Daughters’, the two immediate genre touchstones that deal in said scenario, ‘Death Occurred Last Night’ plays out as a missing person drama for a good chunk of its running time, before revealing what happened to the unfortunate Donatella (Gillian Bray).

Donatella is a tall, attractive 25-year-old whose over-protective father Amanzio Berzaghi (Raf Vallone) is over-protective for a damn good reason: Donatella has the mental age of a child of three. Her innocence is such that she’s an easy target for predatory men – to her, flashing her knickers or behaving playfully is just that: playfulness. Berzaghi, working mornings as a transport officer at a trucking company, has an intricate locking system on his apartment door and grilles fitted to the windows. Donatella’s vulnerability preys on him, but his love for and commitment to her is total.

‘Death Occurred Last Night’ begins in media res with Berzaghi, fobbed off by police at the precinct nearest to him, blagging his way into Captain Duca Lamberti (Frank Wolff)’s office, and pouring his heart out re: his daughter’s recent disappearance. Lamberti is something of a journeyman copper, his career overshadowed by the achievements of his younger wife (Eva Renzi), a photojournalist whose first book is about to be published. During a rare argument, she accuses him of getting too old to make a difference. On another occasion, she (rightly) dismisses as bullshit his reasoning for not having a minor surgical procedure that would improve his quality of life (workload; responsibility; the unlikelihood of the city’s criminal contingent desisting from their efforts during his recuperation); “You’re not the only policeman,” she reminds him. Responding to Berzaghi’s plight – a regular guy who’s lost everything that gave his life some meaning – Lamberti throws himself into tracking down Donatella.

Intuiting that a mentally incapacitated young woman who has disappeared from a stable home was probably deliberately targeted for the sex trade, Lamberti and junior officer Mascaranti (Gabriele Tinti) brace pimp turned car salesman Salvatore (Gigi Rizi). Initially unwilling to assist in assuaging their access to the various brothels where Donatella might have ended up, Lamberti arranges for a few kilos of coke to be planted at Salvatore’s showroom, whereupon he promptly u-turns as regards assisting them with their enquiries.

What follows is the weirdest sequence in the film, Lamberti and Mascaranti happily traipsing from cat-house to cat-house, dallying with some of the most unprepossessing hookers that exploitation cinema has ever presented to the viewing public, and tossing around money like confetti (“you can claim anything on expenses as long as you know how to fill the forms in,” Lamberti declares, suggesting that he missed his calling as an accountant). Mascaranti in particular seems to take to this avenue of investigation rather too enthusiastically. But then again, he gives every impression of being Italy’s Dirty Harry in waiting, at one point tendering his resignation to Lamberti so that he can beat the shit out of a pimp without risking a formal complaint. Beating complete and information extracted, Lamberti casually reinstates him.

Still, Lamberti and Mascaranti buck the giallo trend of useless coppers and it’s entertaining spend the first half of the film in their company as they do their best to track down the missing girl. Then – and this is only a minor spoiler – the discovery of a severely burned corpse changes the perameters of their investigation. At which point Berzaghi takes centre stage again.

What follows is a dual narrative with Lamberti and Mascaranti closing in on the perpetrators by means of dogged procedural detective work, while the grieving Berzaghi stumbles upon a clue (more by luck than judgement) which categorically establishes that at least one of the guilty parties is resident in his apartment block. Vigilantism with a dash of ‘Rear Window’.

‘Death Occurred Last Night’ uses many well-worn narrative devices, from the generation gap bickering between Lamberti and Mascaranti – I was reminded of the Commissioner and his Deputy in ‘Milano Calibro 9’ (another Frank Wolff starrer) but without the politics – to Berzaghi’s ‘Virgin Spring’-like transition from loving father to stone-cold avenging killer. The parallel investigations are join-the-dots affairs rather than a showcase for any great deductive leaps and there’s none of the overlooked-detail-proving-vitally-important that’s one of the giallo’s stock-in-trades.

Indeed, Lamberti’s first significant break comes as a result of a conversation his wife has with alcoholic prostitute Herrero (Beryl Cunningham). An actress who appeared in a couple of dozen exploitationers between the early Sixties and early Eighties, Cunningham is a striking presence in this film, alternately taunting Lamberti for being no better than the pimps and johns who define her life (they all want something from her, the only difference is Lamberti wants information) and lapsing into self-anaesthetism when the mask of her defiance slips and the reality of her life catches up with her. Two other performances match it: Bray’s as the emotionally retarded Donatella – a nothing role on paper that she imbues with such winsomeness and fragility that her few brief scenes are heartbreaking – and Vallone, no stranger to good solid performances but who is revelatory here.

The quality of performances, aligned with Tessari’s pacy but unobtrusive direction, are what make ‘Death Occurred Last Night’ such a taut and compelling piece of work. They transcend the almost total lack of action – there are two foot chases, neither of which last more than a minute, and both of which occur significantly past the hour mark – and bootstrap the movie above the boilerplate genre beats of its narrative. Nor are there any of the overt stylisations or grand guignol set-pieces traditionally associated with the giallo*. And while these leave a lot of boxes on the Agitation of the Mind giallo checklist unticked, they benefit the film immeasurably in terms of its dramatic impact.

*Having said that, the film still has its moments of what-the-fuckery, including a mortuary scene where the corpse is apparently identified by its feet, and Lamberti taking time out from the investigation to strum his guitar and make up a little song about his sinusitis. Plus there’s a continuity error that the filmmakers blithely overlook in order to ram the title into a line of dialogue.
          Engaging Teen Interest In Financial Literacy        

One good thing about having a home based business is that you may in fact, teach your kids a thing or two about money. Setting an example and following up shows ours kids that you not only know how to make the sale, but also multiply it by keeping your customers. Letting them having some responsibility when it comes to money is a big step, but it is also a test of how mature they are. Letting them know that handling money and making money cannot be taken lightly, but once they got it down, the world is the limit!!!

By Christina Hue

This is just the beginning of year 2007, what are the plans you have for your kids that you can educate them about financial literacy?
Times are now different, as parents are shaking their heads at the differences between themselves and the children which we called generations! The generation gap is fast becoming a generation lap as our kids or maybe our grandchildren overtake us in the information they have at their fingertips.
The processing skills, especially using the internet, are one key element that sets us apart, sometimes the differences between adults and kids are rarely radical as you think.
A teen faces many of the same dilemmas as us in making their own financial decisions and consumer decisions based on research.
As parents we need to recognize the learning process of each child so that we can work on them individually. Each of our children is unique. I have some learning strategy that I always remember which I am sure some of you have learned but didn’t apply it to their lives. We can take these principles to help our children to engage their interest in financial literacy.
The guru I am talking about is none other than Dale Carnegie. I got these principles from his bestseller books “How to win friends and influence people”.
1. Don’t criticize, condemn and complain.....CONTINUED

           Ä°konik giyim markası Gap'ten yeni bir marka kampanyası: “Generation Gap”        
          The Generation Gap In Care For Developmentally Disabled In Ohio        
The care of Ohioans with developmental disabilities has changed dramatically in the past few decades.
          The Generation Gap        
In THE INTERN, retiree Robert DeNiro goes back to work at an online fashion magazine, run by Anne Hathaway. Can learn to work together? Here are ten other films featuring the young and old who tried to bridge the age gap, one way or the other.
          Leverage the Power of the Generations at Work with this New Training        

One struggle employers are encountering in today’s workplace is dealing with the most generationally diverse workforce and the coinciding workplace conflicts. Mastery Training Services has added GWT Next’s program “Leverage the Power of Generations” to its training library to help employers successfully bridge the generation gap.

(PRWeb May 02, 2017)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/04/prweb14266871.htm

          New Training to Help You Leverage the Power of the Generations at Work        

There are people representing more generations than ever in today’s workforce, and the characteristics typical to each generation can create issues in the workplace. Therefore, MasteryTCN™ has published GWT Next’s program “Leverage the Power of Generations” to train employees on how they can benefit from each other’s differences and achieve greater success by bridging the generation gap.

(PRWeb April 25, 2017)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/04/prweb14264314.htm

          CFP: Journal of New Librarianship, "New Generation of Librarianship"         
Call for Proposals: Journal of New Librarianship, "New Generation of Librarianship"

The Journal of New Librarianship seeks short columns (500 to 1000 words) that explore, examine, and discuss issues surrounding the New Generation of Librarianship. 

Librarians work in an ever-changing field, responding to new patron demographics, developing innovative technologies, and operating within institutions that are continuously reshaping themselves to meet unexpected demands. These changes promise considerable and exciting developments in the library profession, but they also mean that entering librarians now face new and unique challenges. Those who have only recently joined the profession will encounter challenges, opportunities, and experiences unlike those of previous generations. Changing demographics and new career trajectories within librarianship itself similarly ensure that entering librarians bring unique perspectives, approaches, and skills into the profession. The JoNL’s Issues Surrounding the New Generation section is a venue through which these changes and challenges may be addressed, explored, and discussed.

We invite works examining issues faced by the new generation of librarians, across all fields of librarianship. Topics may include, but are certainly not limited to: succession planning and hiring, and the “generation gap”; the experiences and impact of second-career librarians who have recently joined the profession; changing expectations placed upon new public and school librarians; shifts within academic librarianship in response to changes within higher education; working with new technologies, educational frameworks, and pedagogies.  Ultimately, the section seeks not to emphasize the hardships of librarianship, but rather to highlight and examine the unique experiences of the new generation of librarians.

Contributors interested in writing a short column should complete our submission form, providing a summary of your proposal:  https://goo.gl/forms/YC9z5Z5Vxskg5lco1

Full-length peer reviewed research articles on this subject are also welcome, and can be submitted here: http://www.newlibs.org/for-authors  


Sarah Kennedy and Rick Mikulski
Editorial Board Members, Journal of New Librarianship sek45@cornell.edu

          Re: Generation Gap: Venmo        

Splitwise is fairly useful to split things

          Comment on The Tapes by Generation Gap        
[…] Limits Leads You To Creating The Life You Always Wanted | Harvey Slatin Radio Interview On WUOW | The Tapes | Audio Recording From November 4, […]
          Comment on Harvey Slatin Radio Interview On WUOW by Sometimes, I Don’t Know – TomSlatin.com        
[…] Asides The Tapes | Generation Gap | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1992-1994) | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1996) | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures, Part 2 | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1991-2000) | Harvey Slatin Radio Interview On WUOW […]
          Comment on Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1992-1994) by Sometimes, I Don’t Know – TomSlatin.com        
[…] The Tapes | Generation Gap | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1992-1994) | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1996) | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures, Part 2 | Camp Chateaugay, In […]
          Comment on Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (Part 2) by Sometimes, I Don’t Know – TomSlatin.com        
[…] | Generation Gap | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1992-1994) | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1996) | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures, Part 2 | Camp Chateaugay, In Pictures (1991-2000) | Harvey Slatin Radio Interview On […]
          Comment on Radio Show by Will The Memories Die? – TomSlatin.com        
[…] | When Is It Time To Let Go | Generation Gap | Not Taking Enough Pictures Is Something I Regret | Radio Show | Fireside Songs & Tales and Other Thoughts on Burning | Digging Up the Dead: When What […]
          Comment on Not Taking Enough Pictures Is Something I Regret by Will The Memories Die? – TomSlatin.com        
[…] Harvey Slatin Radio Interview On WUOW | When Is It Time To Let Go | Generation Gap | Not Taking Enough Pictures Is Something I Regret | Radio Show | Fireside Songs & Tales and Other Thoughts on Burning | Digging Up the Dead: When […]
          Comment on Generation Gap by Will The Memories Die? – TomSlatin.com        
[…] Harvey Slatin Radio Interview On WUOW | When Is It Time To Let Go | Generation Gap | Not Taking Enough Pictures Is Something I Regret | Radio Show | Fireside Songs & Tales and […]
          Comment on When Is It Time to Let Go by Will The Memories Die? – TomSlatin.com        
[…] Harvey Slatin Radio Interview On WUOW | When Is It Time To Let Go | Generation Gap | Not Taking Enough Pictures Is Something I Regret | Radio Show | Fireside Songs […]
          Let's stop generation generalisation        
Tube/London Underground ”Mind the Gap”. by drivethrucafe, on Flickr
"Tube/London Underground ”Mind the Gap”." (CC BY-SA 2.0) by drivethrucafe

More than ever we seem to love making sweeping and often dangerous generalisations about sections of the population. Despite a complete lack of scientific evidence, we are continually drawn to narratives that assume that everyone born between certain dates, in a certain geographical area or even the entire population of the world not born in our particular country all share common personality traits. I've written about this many times but I was particularly fond of a heart-felt appeal against simplified generalisations in an article in Forbes Austria by Joost Minnaar and Pim de Morree, The made-up nonsense about generations at work.

Concepts such as Generation X/Y/Z or Millennials are often used to justify educational and corporate strategies, workplace design and even government policy on the grounds that these groups have a completely different mindset to older generations. This entire generation, according to the narratives, want flexibility, freedom, adventure, fun and personal development and don't want to be trapped into old-fashioned ideas like job security. They are said to be constantly changing jobs and always looking for new challenges. Minaar and de Morree decided to do some research into this and came up with results that largely bust the myths. So-called millennials actually don't change jobs any more today than 20 years ago (around 3%) and when asked about what qualities were most valued in any workplace the answers from all generations were largely the same: purpose, meaning, freedom, autonomy, fun, and personal development.

I suspect that the reason many young people do change jobs is due to the abundance of short-term contracts and project jobs that are often the only form of employment available. Given the choice most people have very similar ambitions and job security is probably top of the list for us all. Without that basic security, knowing that you'll still have the job next month and even next year, is essential to foster the sense of community and mutual trust that in turn leads to creativity and efficiency in an organisation. Insecurity and competition on the other hand leads often to fear and mistrust.

The article ends with a plea to look beyond these convenient and often empty generalisations and realise that the generation gap is not as wide as we would like to think. This applies as much to the workplace as it does in education.

It’s time to stop believing all this made-up nonsense of different generational needs and the blaming cultures that result from it. We better start figure out our similarities and our expectations when it comes to creating highly inspiring workplaces. It’s time to start asking employees what they want in the workplace, regardless of their age and regardless of the generation they belong to. Only then we can make a radical shift in the way we organize work. Only then we can create more human, more engaging and more thriving organizations.

          re: Getting The Ball Rolling: Timing Zelda’s Lengthy Introductions        

Cool article. It's interesting how apparent the generation gaps are within this comments section.

          Ally Palmer and Michael Cooke        

Edinburgh and Toronto: Problems with print

A preview scene from the upcoming journalism documentary film "Breaking The News."

In the first part: Scottish design guru, Ally Palmer talks about the generation gaps between newspaper publishers and youth media consumers.

In the second part, Toronto Star Editor-in-Chief, Michael Cooke talks about the revenue problems and where new opportunities for newspapers come from.


Breaking the News is a multi-year project that examines the profound and rapid changes in journalism and the effects on news gatherers, consumers and the exchange of democratic ideas.

The film is a touchstone that marks an historic period where journalism is rapidly transforming from a reality of single-copy deadlines to instant news created and consumed in a mobile culture.

The changes in the reporting, distribution and consumption of news is having
profound effects on journalists, publishers and consumers. 

U.S Journalist/Filmmaker Robb Montgomery is directing the feature-length film documentary as he travels the world and talks with journalists at publishing houses large and small over a multi-year period.

Journalism is immersed in an era of unprecedented change in both scale and speed.

This story bears witness to the contraction of old media empires and, at the same time, the emergence of the new models of newspapers that appeal to a new generation of networked media consumers.

Montgomery recently previewed interview segments from the ongoing documentary, "Breaking the News", to a room of almost 100 industry leaders in Toronto, Ontario at Ink+Beyond and in Cologne, Germany at the CO/Pop Festival.

His presentation centred around the theme of evolution and how newspapers have to start making revolutionary changes to survive in the natural selection the marketplace imposes on the industry.

Cast: Robb Montgomery

Tags: toronto star, ally palmer, michael cooke, breaking the news, journalism, documentary, edinburgh and uk

          Five Reasons Why the Finance Function Is Ready for Disruption        
Mon, 2017-07-31 (All day)
Erik Kolthof, Senior Advisor, Senior Advisor, Accountants in Business, Royal Nederlandse Beroepsorganisatie van Accountants

Many finance professionals underestimate the impact of technology—robotics and predictive analytics—on their jobs. As Frank Verbeeten, Professor at the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, put it, “If finance professionals want to prevent their jobs from eroding or even disappearing entirely in the near future, then they must waste no time in sharpening their technical and interpersonal competencies. Finance professionals must act quickly, as disruption is lurking just around the corner.”

This is also clear in the results of a survey by the Royal Nederlandse Beroepsorganisatie van Accountants’ Accountants in Business member group and the post-graduate education Controllers programme at Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. Personal interviews and the survey were conducted with senior leaders in finance, such as CFOs, corporate controllers, business controllers, etc., during the second half of 2016 and the first quarter of 2017.

The survey results, Impact of Technology on the Finance Function, were published in May and June 2017.

5 Reasons for Disruption

The results pinpointed five main reasons why the finance function is ready for disruption.

  1. Robotics and data analytics (big data and predictive analytics) are rapidly gaining ground in each of the finance function’s core tasks (not only in the transactional processes).
  2. An increasing number of organizations already meet the preconditions for accelerating this development, such as the standardization of financial processes, systems, and information architecture.
  3. The use of robotics and data analytics is resulting in increased efficiency and effectiveness. Organizations that use robotics are cutting the costs associated with the finance function. Those organizations that use data analytics have a more effective financial function.
  4. Many finance professionals underestimate the impact of technology on their jobs.
  5. Competences that are important for finance professionals operating in a digital world, such as data analysis and leadership skills, must be developed before it is too late. 

Technology: Rapidly Gaining Ground in the Finance Function

According to the survey, robotics and data analytics are and will continue to rapidly gain ground in all of the finance function’s core tasks. Until quite recently, the emphasis was on increasing the efficiency of accounting transactions. Soon, however, business, financial, and corporate controllers and risk and finance managers will start to see changes in major elements of their own jobs. The necessary preconditions are already in place. As Prof. Verbeeten says, it is because “the majority of organizations have already made great strides towards standardizing their financial processes, financial systems, and information architecture.”

Major listed companies are leading the way in the use of robotics and data analysis, as is the entire financial services sector. Smaller organizations often lack the financial resources to implement robotics and data analytics and, as a result, lack the associated knowledge and capacity. They are often dependent on the opportunities for progression offered by their financial software vendors. Thus, they are expected to follow in later waves of adoption.

Working with Robotics & Data Analytics = More Competitive Rates & Increased Effectiveness
Often, those organizations that make substantial use of robotics are also the ones that are more active in data analytics. According to the study, organizations that use robotics and data analytics in their finance function are usually more cost efficient and effective. Robotics cuts the costs of the finance function while data analytics mainly delivers greater effectiveness due to improved analyses.

Finance Professionals: Waste No Time Sharpening Technical Competencies
If finance professionals want to keep up with technological developments, they must pursue further professional development in areas such as data analysis skills, the ability to use systems thinking, and leadership skills. This is in addition to existing strengths, such as reliability, integrity, curiosity, and communication skills, the importance of which will remain unchanged.

Generational Differences

The study also highlight one striking learning: a generation gap. Younger finance professionals attach more value to data analysis and data collection skills than their colleagues over 40 years old do. CFOs, from their helicopter-view perspective, also have a clear view on what the impact of technology will be.

Our clear conclusion? The finance function is ready for disruption and finance professionals, especially Generation X, must act now.



Many finance professionals underestimate the impact of technology on their jobs when there is actually no time to waste in sharpening technological competencies.

Global Knowledge Gateway: 
Media Type: 

          Bridge the Generation Gap With Your Students        
Accounting faculty recommend some ways to cross the generational divide and connect with Millennial students.
          Dusty Grooves 01-15-2016 with DJ Deep Rawk        

The Cecil Holmes Soulful Sounds- Also Sprach Zarathrusta 2001 - The Black Motion Picture Experience
Babe Ruth- The Mexican - First Base Remastered 2007
Visioneers- Shaft In Africa Addis Album - Hipology
The Jimmy Castor Bunch- Its Just Begun - 16 Slabs Of Funk
Barry Devorzon And Perry Botkin Jr- The Riot - Rpm Revolutions Per Minute
Music De Wolfe- Hard Hitter - Hard Hitter
Baby Huey The Baby Sitters- Listen To Me - The Baby Huey Story The Living Legend
The Budos Band- The Volcano Song - The Budos Band
Rare Earth- Get Ready - Get Ready
- voicebreak -
Billy Paul- East - Going East
Ramsey Lewis- Them Changes - Them Changes
Little Anthony And The Imperials- Easy To Be Hard - Out Of Sight Out Of Mind
Sharon Jones The DapKings- Youll Be Lonely - Give The People What They Want Deluxe Version
Isaac Hayes- Lets Stay Together - Isaac Hayes Greatest Hits
James Brown- Why Am I Treated So Bad - The Popcorn
- voicebreak -
Le Pamplemousse- Monkey See Monkey Do - Le Spank
Clarence Wheeler The Enforcers- Right On - Doin What We Wanna
The Doctor Exx Band- Theme From Close Encounters - Superman And Other Disco Hits
- voicebreak -
Sing Into 1985- Rhythm Of The Night - Sing Into 1985 With Columbia Pictures Publications
Georgiana Stewart- Billie Jean - A Thriller For Kids
NYC Peech Boys- Dont Make Me Wait - Maw Presents West End Records The 25th Anniversary Edition Mastermix
Yam Who- Wrap You Up - Music Is My Art
Mel Sheppard- Can I Take You Home - A 1 Hour Funky Countdown To Midnight
Bobby Byrd- I Know You Got Soul - James Browns Funky People Pt 2
Big Man And The Night People- Night Creeper - The Rustler Presents Because Youre Funky
- voicebreak -
The Fatback Band- Goin To See My Baby - Best Of Perception Today Records Compiled By DJ Spinna And BBE Soundsystem
The Temptations- I Need You - 1990
Charles Bradley- Strictly Reserved For You feat Menahan Street Band - Victim Of Love
The Generation Gap- Rock Steady - Theme From Shaft And Other Hits
- voicebreak -
Breakestra- Show You The Way - Dusk Till Dawn Bonus Track Version
Funk Inc- Give Me Your Love - Hangin Out
Syl Johnson- Im Talkin Bout Freedom - Is It Because Im Black
Donald Byrd- Stepping Into Tomorrow - Stepping Into Tomorrow

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/68/playlistDate/2016-01-15
          Dusty Grooves 12-13-2013 with DJ Deep Rawk        

David T Walker- Whats Goin On - David T Walker
Al Green- Tired Of Being Alone - Gets Next To You
The Undisputed Truth- Aint No Sunshine Since Youve Been Gone - The Undisputed Truth
Funk Inc- The Thrill Is Gone - Funk Inc
Otis Redding- Nobody Knows You When Youre Down And Out - Dock Of The Bay
Bobbi Humphrey- Aint No Sunshine - Bobbi Humphrey
Nina Simone- Dont Let Me Be Misunderstood - The Definitive Collection Nina Simone
Erykah Badu- Searchin - Erykah Badu Live
YoungHolt Unlimited- The Creeper - Mellow Dreamin
Kool The Gang- Ikes MoodYouve Lost That Loving Feeling - Live At PJs
The Budos Band- Hidden Hand - The Budos Band EP
Harvey Mandel- Baby Batter Baby Batter - Baby Batter The Snake
Marvin Gaye- Trouble Man - Trouble Man Soundtrack From The Motion Picture Reissue
The Generation Gap- Family Affair - Strange Breaks Mr Thing Vol II
Side Effect- Georgy Porgy - After The Rain
Kleeer- Tonight - Intimate Connection
Phase II- The Roxy - The Roxy Single
Keni Burke- Risin To The Top - Changes
Taana Gardner- Heartbeat - Heartbeat Single
Mary Jane Girls- All Night Long - Mary Jane Girls
The Brothers- Fire - Disco Soul
Donny Hathaway- The Ghetto Pt 1 - A Donny Hathaway Collection
The Whole Darn Family- Seven Minutes Of Funk - The Whole Darn Family Has Arrived
Youssou Ndour- Nelson Mandela - Nelson Mandela
The Temptations- I Need You - 1990
The Jimmy Castor Bunch- Its Just Begun - 16 Slabs Of Funk
Hot 8 Brass Band- Its Real Lack Of Afro Remix - Tru Thoughts Funk
4 Hero- Morning Child - 15 X 15 Celebrating 15 Years Of The Big Chill Label

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/68/playlistDate/2013-12-13
          Bridging the Generation Gap        
Today, four separate generations are found in most workplaces. Each of these generations brings to the office very unique expectations about work. Older generations expect Gen X and Gen Y to stay quiet and learn while earning their stripes. Gen X and Y expect immediate involvement as equals. In order to succeed, businesses and IT firms must bridge the generation gap. Join Mary Crane with Stuart Crawford as we discuss how to succeed in a multi-generation environment.
          The Millenials are coming        
Join Stuart Crawford and Mary Crane as we discuss what businesses need to do for the onslaught of the next generation of workers coming into the workforce. Mary Crane, a consultant to Fortune 500 companies and a nationally recognized expert on business-life issues, advises clients on how to make the most of interactions in the workplace and in social settings. From ethics to proper etiquette at business meals, from bridging generation gaps to maximizing the value of networking events, from c
          How Computers Feel Different Now        
I learned how to program a computer on a TRS-80, in BASIC. I was six years old. At the time, "computers" meant things like the TRS-80. Today, your phone is a computer, your TV's a computer, your car's made of computers, and, if you want, your frying pan can be a computer.

But it's not just that everything's a computer now; it's also that everything's on a network. Software isn't just eating the world because of Moore's Law, but also because of Metcalfe's Law. In practice, "software is eating the world" means software is transforming the world. It might make sense to assume that software, as it transforms the world, must be making the world more organized in the process.

But if Moore's Law is Athena, a pure force of reason, Metcalfe's Law is Eris, a pure force of chaos. Firstly, consider the fallacies of distributed computing:
  • The network is reliable
  • Latency is zero.
  • Bandwidth is infinite.
  • The network is secure.
  • Topology doesn't change.
  • There is one administrator.
  • Transport cost is zero.
  • The network is homogeneous.
The first and the last — "The network is reliable" and "The network is homogenous" — are basically equivalent to saying "chaos reigns supreme." No area is ever the same, because the network is not homogenous (and the topology is ever-changing), and things don't always happen the same way they happened before, because the network isn't always there. So chaos reigns over both space (the non-homogenous network) and time (the ever-changing network which is only sometimes there).

Chaos also reigns in a social sense: the network isn't secure, and there are many administrators. So if Moore's Law makes everything it touches more automatic and organized, Metcalfe's Law makes everything it touches less reliable and more unpredictable. An unspoken assumption you can see everywhere is that "software is eating the world" means that the world is becoming more organized along the way. But since networking is an implicit fundamental in the definition of software today, everytime software makes the world more organized, it brings networking along with it, and networking makes everything more chaotic.

Everything that software eats becomes newly organized and newly chaotic. Because you have a new form of organization replacing an old form of organization, while a new form of chaos replaces an old form of chaos, it's impossible to really determine whether or not software, when it eats the world, makes it more organized or more chaotic. The net effect is impossible to measure. You might as well assume that they balance perfectly, and Moore's Law and Metcalfe's Law are yin and yang.

But the thing is, when personal computers were a new idea, they emanated order. You typed explicit commands; if you got the command perfectly right, you got what you wanted, and it was the same thing, every time. They didn't have the delays that you get when you communicate with a database, let alone another computer on an unreliable and sometimes absent network. They didn't even have the conceptual ambiguity that comes with exploring a GUI for the first time.

Even the video games back then were mostly deterministic. It's why big design up front looks so insane to developers today, but made sense to smart people at the time. During WWII, the cryptographers who developed computing itself were mathematicians who based everything about computing on rock-solid, Newtonian certainties. You did big design up front because everything was made of logic, and logic is eternal.

This is no longer the case, and this will never be the case again. And this is what feels different about computers in 2016. A few decades ago, "non-deterministic computer" was a contradiction in terms. Today, "non-deterministic computer" is a perfect definition for your iPhone. Everything it does depends on the network — which may or may not exist, at any given time — and you can only use it by figuring out a graphical, haptic interface which might be completely different tomorrow.

Every Netflix client I have operates like a non-deterministic computer. Here's a very "old man yells at cloud" rant. This happened. I go on Netflix, and I start watching a show. There's some weird network glitch or something, and my Apple TV restarts. I go on Netflix a second time, and I go to "previously watched," but the Apple TV didn't tell the network in time, so Netflix doesn't know I was watching this show. So I go manually search for it, and when I hit the button to watch it, Netflix offers me the option of resuming playback where I was before. So it knows I was watching it, now.

Basically, whatever computer cached the list of previously watched shows didn't know the same thing that the computer which cached the playback times did know.

A few decades ago, it was impossible for a computer to have this problem, where the right hand doesn't know what the left hand is doing. Today, it's inherent to computers. And this has long-term consequences which are subtle but deep. Kids who see chaos as an intrinsic element of computing from the moment they're old enough to watch cartoons on Netflix are not going to build the same utopian fantasies that you get from Baby Boomers like Ray Kurzweil. My opinion of transhumanists is that they formed an unbreakable association between order and computers back when networks weren't part of the picture, and they never updated their worldview to integrate the fundamental anarchy of networks.

I don't want to old man yells at cloud too much here. That's where you get these annoying rants where people think the iPad is going to prevent kids from ever discovering programming, as if Minecraft were not programming. And I'm already telling you that the kids see the world a different way, like I'm Morley Winograd, millennial expert. But there's a deep and fundamental generation gap here. Software used to mean order, and now it just means a specific blend of order and chaos.

          Jungle Boogie - The Art of aging gracefully        
Logic would dictate that age and experience should result in our becoming more broadminded and receptive to what life has to offer.

But paradoxically as we grow older, it turns out to be the opposite.

The need for routine becomes more pronounced with time. As we transition from our teens to our 20's, the 20's to the 30's and 30's to "we are really old now arent we", the nature of and the desire for activities undergoes a slow but steady change.

Perhaps a fable would better illustrate this point.

A fable from the heart of Africa. The tale of Oluwuyebe the Jungle warrior from the tribe of Mkolo-mbembe.

From his early childhood Oluwuyebe (lets call him Olu to save time) had watched his father, go out into the jungle and bang his drum. Before your mind can turn to untoward thoughts about what that means, let me hasten to explain that in the jungle, the drum was used as a means of communication across vast distances. If you have read Phantom Comics, perhaps the term "Jungle Telegraph" might hold greater significance. ("You not read Phantom, you miss lot of racist insinuations ", Old Jungle Saying.)

So Olu's dad was one of those Jungle Telegraph guys. So guess what, there was nothing more that Olu wanted to do than bang that drum, just like his dad did. His dad initially was a little skeptical about Olu's choice of profession. Although banging the drum was a steady job there were a lot of other professions that brought more meat to the table. But seeing how interested Olu was, he decided to take him on as an apprentice.

Olu would watch his dad carefully as he beat the drum.

"Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dumakku Duma Dum Dumakku Duma..Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum..." (A beat made famous years later by a popular Indian Music composer).

And faithfully Olu would imitate it.

"Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dumakku Duma Dum Dumakku Duma..Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum..."

His dad watched proudly over the years as Olu faithfully banged his drum in exactly the same way that he had. Olu was talented. His messages were loud and clear.

Time went by.

Olu was now in his teens. Somehow banging the drum to his dad's beat did not seem to be enough. He wanted more. And so one day he decided to experiment a little bit.

""Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dumakku Duma Dum Dumakku Duma". He paused for a length of time.

then went on.......

"Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum..."

Later that day, his father took him aside and chastised him for not banging the drum the traditional way. His father did not recognize the significance of the gap between the drum beats. It was of course the well known "generation gap" that Olu had banged out that day on his drum.

The gap grew worse over the next few years...

"Dum Dum Dum"....On some days it seemed to his dad thats all Olu played. Olu meanwhile was having the time of his life. The different sounds he generated had all the beautiful young women in his village swooning over him.

"Nobody bangs like Olu" they would whisper to each other and giggle excitedly whenever they saw him coming. Olu decided to experiment.


His father when he first heard it could not beleive his ears. That night Olu and his father had a major showdown. Olu's mother tried to interfere, but his father had decided that enough was enough.

"First the gap, now the joint."

"If he wants to live in this house, he has to bang it my way".

"He will never understand, Mom. Why does he have to make a big deal of everything? Whats the harm in a small joint? Its not like people cant understand me. Everybody does it ".

With those words. Olu walked out of the house.


Olu moved to a different tribe. He never grew tired of beating the drum, but it didnt seem to be enough. He needed a different type of banging, something more permanent. So one day when Mbhali walked into his life, he decided to take the plunge and get married.

They had their first child. A son. By this time Olu's drum beats had moved out of their staccato days into a more gentle rhythm.

"Tat Tat Tat Tat Tat Tat Tat Tat Tarararararara Tararara
Tat Tat Tat da da da da
Tat Tat Tat Ta da da da"

(Remember that beat? Qurbani.)

Years passed. His son learnt to bang the drum exactly like Olu. Until one day, his son came up to him and asked him...

"Hey dad..what do you think of this?"

"Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dumakku Duma Dum Dumakku Duma..Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum Dum..."

Olu held back his anger. Later that evening he told his wife.

"I hate these new fangled sounds and the way kids bang about nowadays. I am going to have to talk to him".

Mbhali said nothing. But later in bed that night, she turned to him and said

"Do you remember when you were a teenager and were experimenting with joints? Didnt you tell me that your father never understood you?"

Olu didnt sleep well that night.

The next day, Olu called his son over and told him that he wanted to bang his drum with him. Olu began


His son couldnt beleive what he was hearing. His father was actually playing a joint with him.

He had the coolest dad in the world.


For those of you who havent got the moral

"Depending on their age people will always bang their drums differently. The trick is to remember how you used to bang it at that age".

Thats the secret to becoming a well respected, venerable tribe member.
          Tell All Youth To Skank! Mixkaela Villalon's Take On The Recently Concluded Manila Ska Festival        
(Blog owner's notes: This is my first of the numerous backlog posts that I owe you people. The largely successful 2nd Manila Ska Festival took place last September 4 at Cubao X...and like I said a while back unfortunate circumstances (a.k.a. fatigue, tight sched) kept me from attending and joining in the melee. But hey. Look what I have here. Fresh point-of-views are always welcome, ain't it? In this case, the post is written from Mixkaela Villalon's perspective. if you want to know more about Mix, let these links speak for her. Suffice to say, I enjoy reading her writings. She posts her musings here and here (this one being her erstwhile blog), and a sample of one of her award-winning works can be found here.

As for me, I wish to congratulate the people who made the 2nd Manila Ska Fest a howling success. Remember Piliskapinas, the same guys responsible for the Ska City United album compilation that is very very hard to come by these days? Piliskapinas is back after years of hiatus. Maybe an article about it should count as my backlog, too, hahah. Give yourselves a pat on the back as well: without you, none of these would have been possible. Oh, enough talk. Read on, kiddies.)

Tell all youth to skank!

Skinheads, Rudes, and Mods mob Cubao X!

RIOT, RIOT at the 2nd Manila Ska Fest!

(Text and photos by Mixkaela Villalon)

I’ll admit, we were late to the party. The 2nd Manila Ska Fest was due to start at 6pm on September 4, 2010, and I spent the first two hours in SM North EDSA, doing some last-minute jedi mind tricks on a couple of friends who had no idea what ska is and were dubious of the Philippine ska scene.

Don’t know what ska is? I outta slap you in the mouth.

Crash course: ska is a musical fusion of Carribean mento and American Jazz. It predates rocksteady and was the harbinger of Jamaican reggae and English two-toned. Ska history can be classified into three periods— Jamaican reggae also known as First Wave, English two-toned which was Second Wave, and the punk-infused Third Wave. Ska is characterized by the staccato rhythm played on the guitar that sounds like ska, ska, ska. Ska is the theme music to the lives of every steady-rocking, moonstomping, porkpie-hat-wearing, vespa-driving cool cat motherfucker to ever don the boots and braces. Seriously, educate yourself. I’m so embarrassed for you.

Finally, after much convincing and beer-bribing, we were on our way to Cubao X. The organizers at the entrance flattered me by asking if I was above the age of majority, to which I sweetly responded by flashing him my nearly-expired drivers’ license. A heads up, rude boys and girls: ska may be for everyone but ska gigs are no place for kids.

“This is the first time my cherry-red Doc Martens boots felt at home,” my friend told me. She’s been rocking them boots for some time, albeit tying the laces loose like a retard, but it was endearing all the same. And right here, right now, in the smoky night at the heart of Cubao was a sea of traditional black Doc Martens, laced up tight by the bovver boys, ready for aggro.

But there was no aggro to be had here, my droogies. Just some sweet, sweet ska. I believe Umble Uno, a Quezon City ska band, was playing. We had already missed the ladies of Cavite’s Fingertrapp, as well as Go for the Goat, and Bulacan’s finest Pulikats. What a shame.

We braved the sea of mods, rudes, and skinheads to grab some beer from the bar. My other friend, a long-haired dude who tagged along to experience this music he has never heard of, was suddenly thinking of getting a hair cut. He wasn’t the only one who needed it. I spied a handful of suedeheads in their tight pants and Fred Perry shirts, hiding their hair under flat caps and fedoras. Skinhead, skinhead, get a haircut!

Segue—A couple of weeks before the Manila Ska Fest, a friend and I were downing some bottles after work over at Metrowalk in Ortigas. Out of nowhere, three skinheads passed by. They were dressed right proper too: Fred Perry shirts, one in a Ben Sherman which must’ve cost him his mother’s eyes, 14-eye DMs and braces. And here I was in a Chelsea cut in need of a trim. Nevertheless, I offered a comrade’s greeting: “Oi, oi, oi!”

The trio slowed their prowl, glanced at me and flashed shy smiles before walking away. THAT WAS IT. No return oi, no knuckle-bump, no “Skinhead! Working class pride!” Honestly, I would’ve been a bit cheered to see a Nazi salute if it meant the subculture knew some of its roots. But there was nothing.

One of them didn’t even shine his boots. Kids these days.

But back to the show. Batangas’ Tellayouthska took the stage and it was time to skank. My friends and I hung in the back, watching the crowd skank near the stage. I was left trying to explain the behavioral codes and customs of the ska scene to bewildered friends. It was like a wildlife special.

“What’s the funny dance they’re doing? Like Charlie Chaplin.”

“’s called skanking. Left knee up, swing right fist up. Right knee up, swing left fist up. It’s like marching in place, but better.”

“Why’re those two dude skanking together, face-to-face? Are they gay?”

“Probably not. ‘s cool, though, it happens. When skanking together, you try to meet your partner’s boot. ‘s not gay. Though there’s nothing wrong with that.”

“Why do the girls have weird hair cuts? Like someone upended a soup bowl on their head and cut the bangs.”

“’s called Chelsea cut. Fuck you, it’s nice.”

“What’s with all the checkered patterns?”

“’s like a ska logo, all right? It celebrates the history and tradition of ska as a two-toned scene, a merging of both black and white cultures.”

I was getting tired of playing the tourist guide so I coughed up an excuse to take photos near the stage. Once in the heart of the sweaty, rowdy crowd, I knew I was home.

Tellayouthska busted out the song People Act like they don’t know, the horns section and chorus of which was unapologetically yoinked from The Mighty Mighty Bosstones’ The Impression I Get, but there’s nothing wrong with that. Replication is the highest form of flattery, and if you’re out to copy someone, you may as well copy from the best. The music swelled like a heartbeat.

Next up was Stolen Shots from Albay. Now I know the gig is called Manila Ska Fest, but what that actually means is that the gig is to be held in Manila (Quezon City actually, since it was in Cubao). What’s that mean? Simple. Ska isn’t limited to a place, hence how this beautiful music scene has jumped from ship to ship, country to country, and found itself scattered in the islands of the Philippines. Every ska band injects its own take on the genre. They take the music, spin it and make it their own. But the general flavor is the same. It’s ska, and Ska City United. Manila skins and rudes and mods all skip and skank to Albay or Cavite or Bulacan ska. It’s a wonder to behold.

“Early in the morning, I woke up and hear the rude boys playing. They were noisy, they were rude, just like me,” Stolen Shots play in their song Chocolate Brown Coffee. That’s what’s up.

Pink Cow was up next, breaking the consistency of singers wearing Fred Perry and two-toned bough shoes (that’s bough shoes, not boat shoes. Leave those to the hipsters who hold court in Cubao X during the weekdays). Here was the oi music I was waiting for, and as always, that was the crowd’s cue to mix and mash skanking with slam dancing. The bouncers and security guards were beside themselves, wondering if they should break the violence up. But there was no violence here, mate! Just some steady-moving oi, and if you get hit and fall on the stage (like I did), you pick yourself up and slam right back.

“Pare, pare, may natamaan na, (dude, you’ve hit someone),” I heard a bouncer tell a skinhead to which the proper reply was “E ano ngayon? (so what?)” The same skinhead who knocked me down pulled me up, brushed me off, and we both went back on our merry way.

“This last song’s for the bouncers,” Pink Cow announced before shouting “Here monkey boy!” and diving headlong into a punkified version of Toots and the Maytals’ Monkey Man. The crowd went nuts. Needless to say, the security guards and bouncers made themselves scarce after that. In Ska City, we govern ourselves.

“This beer is making the bands sound the same,” my long-haired friend said when I went back to check on them. Despite being newly-baptized in the United Church of Ska, they seemed to be having fun.

“This is so weird, everyone’s extremely friendly,” cherry-red DMs friend said. “Even the thug-looking bald people in boots.” What can I say, it’s a fun music scene.

“Which band should we be looking out for?”

I didn’t even have to think before answering. “Shuffle Union.” And what do you know, they’re taking the stage.

Now Shuffle Union’s been around the block a few times, paid their dues, earned the chip on their shoulders and the laces on their boots. In my not-so-humble opinion, they’ve taken the reigns of Pinoy ska after Pu3ska disbanded and Brownbeat All Stars ran the scene for as long as they could. I may get curb-stomped for saying this, but when it comes to the local ska scene, few other bands have been so prolific and consistent with their sound. Shuffle Union has popped up on so many reggae and ska compilation albums, it would be a bit unfair to still call them ‘underground.’ But by dint of the very musical genre and by not having a major record label, all right, I suppose they’re still underground.

Proving their salt, the ska scene veterans held their ground and delivered a tight set even after the bouncers have surrendered the night to the rowdy crowd. Judging by the way Shuffle Union barely batted their lashes whenever the drunken rude boys swarmed around the stage, grabbed the microphones and sang along to their songs, I think it’s safe to assume we’re skanking with the heavy weights now.

Right on their tail, the Marcos Cronies from Pampanga were just as good as I remember. They’ve been around since I was in high school (which says more about me than them, I suppose). Like the band before them, these guys have toured the ska hotspots—Pampanga, Bulacan, Baguio, Manila — seducing your good ol’ Catholic boys and girls to a life of blue beat and booze.

I’m not sure how accurate my memory is, but I do remember some rumors about the Marcos Cronies’ EP Skacity being pirated by the bastards in Carriedo, Quiapo. Which is a cheap shot, really, when you’re pirating independent labels and underground bands, but you can’t deny that there’s a certain dark prestige about that. These unsigned guys are good enough to be pirated, guys! Seriously, Marcos Cronies are great. The skanking crowd somehow organically evolved into a breakdancing-style dance off to one side of the stage.

Another legendary band takes the stage and the night seems to be heading at breakneck speed. It’s Jeepney Joyride! The energy in the place, it’s now thick as thieves! The vocalist still wears those pockmarked spoon-eyed goggles! He still egg rolls on the ground! The songs are different though—new but still good. Although I did miss their older songs, Lilim and Kape. The older songs seemed more energetic, or maybe I just haven’t warmed up to their new tunes. But hey, they played that old school tune, Jeepney Joyride, to cap their set off.

One of the best things about ska, I believe, is its willingness to keep the past alive. Let’s face it—mod three piece suits? Braces and boots and crombie jackets? Fedora hats? That’s old school, man. But the ska scene recognizes the need to always—always—remember their roots. And why not? Of all the youth subcultures that’s come and gone, it’s always been ska that bore the brunt of history’s cruelty, no thanks to mass media. Mods are a caricature of themselves now, represented by Austin Powers and black and white youtube videos of The Who. No one knows about ska (as evidenced by my two newly-initiated friends), and skinheads have become the international symbol for white-power hate and fascism.

But go back, look back, follow the immortal words of Mikey Dread and “Remember the days of bread and water, remember the days of hunger. Don’t forget your roots and culture, don’t forget your place of shelter.”

Know your culture, Rudie, and trace back where ska came from. It isn’t racist and it isn’t dead. It’s alive and kicking, not only in the West but all the way in Malaysia and Japan and Israel and the Philippines. Ska was the born from the immigrants, culminated by cultural clashes, polished by the working class. You pay your dues and you pay your respects. You keep the torch burning and you stand your ground, even in the face of people who claim that ska isn’t for you.

Speaking of keepin’ on keepin’ on, enter SMB also known as Steadymovinbeat. When last I heard these boys, they still had a girl vocalist. I guess times change, but their sound’s still pretty much on the ball. These guys aren’t afraid of throwing back to the greatest of the greats, busting out a cover of Gangsters by The Specials in the middle of their set. It’s a good feeling, watching the younger kids in the crowd—dreadlocked and sporting Nike kicks instead of shaved heads and boots— getting an education on ska’s glorious past. Nothing bridges the generation gap better than shouting “Don’t call me Scarface!” over the hypnotic keyboards. Betcha these kids never thought the phrase “Pick it up!” can mean so much more than just an anti-littering slogan.

By this time, the management of Cubao X has been threatening to shut us down the closer we approached midnight. Not that this crowd was going to take it sitting down. If they cut the microphones and amps and shut the lights down one more time, they’d have real aggro in their hands. Fortunately, the management relented long enough to let the last two bands play on. For that, a hundred thousand thanks to Mogwai even if they ran out of beer before the night was over.

Coffeebreak Island was the last band I saw that night because my friends were getting tetchy and Mogwai had already run out of beer. What can I say about Coffeebreak Island? These guys are my absolute favorite and they didn’t let me down this time. Covering both 54-46 was my number and Pressure Drop by Toots and the Maytals, they even played the first few opening seconds of Symarip’s Skinhead Moonstomp.

By this time, the slightly elevated stage was more of a suggestion than an imposition, as the crowd swarmed and stood on any available flat surface. The floodlights have been bumped this way and that and the band had to adjust themselves accordingly to be illuminated. If the microphone stand falls, no worries. The crowd’s there to scream lyrics right back at the band.

I hear Bulacan’s proud sons, Skabeche, played the last set of the night, and these guys are boss too. I wish I stayed a bit longer for them, but my friends were looking to find more drinks and I was hitching with them. All the same, I was pretty sure the exuberant mix of mods, skins, rudes, and the handful of people who were starting to rethink their subcultural allegiances were there to make them feel more than welcome. All in all, it was a fine, fine night for Manila’s Ska Fest.

Parting words now. A round of applause to all the bands that played, and all the ska kids that crawled out of the woodwork, and a full case of beer to the organizers for pulling this off. If the night’s turnout is anything to go by, it’s a pretty good bet that there’s going to be another one of these epic ska nights next year.

Pick it up, pick it up!

(Oh, and if there’s anything I could wish from any succeeding ska gigs, it’s this: someone has to cover some Streetlight Manifesto. Make it work, rudies!)

Up next: Hm, lemme see. Ok. Let it be Andy Deported. And most likely a new playlist. See y'all soon. Yay!

          Remember Jack Hoxie by Jon Cleary (Collins, 1969)        
England, 1969. Patrick Norval is a widower in his early forties who has a tedious job as an insurance clerk. However, he also has a teenage son called Bob who might just be the next big thing in the world of pop music. Patrick is understandably concerned at the prospects of his son being manipulated, used and abused in a world that he believes to have few scruples or morals. However, Bob's manager, a canny and seemingly insincere young Australian called Brian Boru O'Brien - a man who makes no bones about the fact that he is in it for the money - suggests that Patrick tag along with his management team and the band to ensure that Bob comes to no harm on a forthcoming tour of the USA. Brian believes that Patrick's well-publicised presence on the tour will show that Bob is a different kind of star, a young man who can demonstrably bridge the perceived 'generation gap'.

So, having resigned from the insurance company, Patrick finds himself seemingly adrift in a world in which he has little interest, knowledge or understanding. But he soon learns, and maybe those on the tour can also learn something from him...

Prolific Australian writer Jon Cleary's timely late 60s novel about the contemporary music scene was a radical and unlikely departure from an author better known for his long-running detective fiction series featuring Sydney Police Inspector Scobie Malone (and which began with The High Commissioner in 1966) and various adventure novels, some of which were adapted into films. This stand-alone novel is a well-crafted page-turner that predominantly views events through the eyes of middle-aged Patrick as his eyes are opened to a world of excess all areas, albeit one that is described in restrained fashion and even comes across as rather quaint when compared to the reported extremes of subsequent eras.

This is essentially a character study of a man who is well aware he is taking a break from his mundane life, and the book is particularly effective in showing his benign influence on those around him; particularly Brian, a Machiavellian Andrew Loog Oldham type who may not be as cynical as he first appears. Indeed, the ability to impart an often unlikely humanity and surprising likability to many of its characters is one of the book's great strengths.

However, this is no rose-tinted view as Cleary's literary radar is sharply tuned into both the generation gap issues and the ability of people to both be taken in by appearances and consequently be exploited. Also, the band's cynical arranger, a man resentful of others' place in a spotlight he believes to be rightfully his and the occasional hypocritical hippies come in for some sharp and trenchant jabs from the authorial pen.

This, then, is a far better and more profound read than the New York Times' grouchy critic at the time claimed when he claimed that "it is evident that the pop music scene is not an lement in which Mr Cleary is very comfortable. His narrative skills are squandered on a frail recipe that lacks his customary involvement".
So, although not the usual type of hardboiled fare I cover in this blog, this is nevertheless recommended as a still relevant and well-told morality tale.

Oh, and if you're wondering about the relevance of the title, some basic internet sleuthing reveals that Jack Hoxie was indeed the movie star whose career flourished from the silent film era through the 1930s, as claimed in the novel by an elderly friend of Patrick's. The fact that this once famous man is unknown or forgotten by everyone else in the novel - and, I'd wager, most people who read the novel or this review - is the potent metaphor for the novel's perceptive take on the often temporary nature of fame and celebrity.

AFTERWORD: This is the first Cleary novel I've read and, although it's clearly an atypical one, his storytelling skills, humbly and self-effacingly summed up by the writer himself in a 1998 interview when he said "I realised at 40 I did not have the intellectual depth to be the writer I would like to be, so I determined to be as good a craftsman as I might be", were clearly formidable. On this showing alone, he was obviously a talented writer with the knack of spinning a yarn and holding the reader's attention (well, this one's anyway) and his relative obscurity in the UK these days is both unfair and regrettable. I found this UK dust-jacketed hardback priced at 50p in a local charity shop and both this edition (usually ex-library copies), the UK Fontana paperback and the 1969 US Popular Library edition with a more psychedelic artwork cover featuring a Frank Zappa lookalike and rather hyperbolic cover tagline "The underground smash! A novel that turns you on to the freaked-out world of rock!" are currently readily - and fairly cheaply - available on internet used book sites.
          The Digital Native: 5 Things You Need to Know        
By Michelle Manafy, Director of Content at FreePint Between all generations lie gaps. Yet in the course of some generations, major events occur that cause tectonic shifts. The fact is that many individuals and businesses today face a massive and growing generation gap. As this digital native generation—which has grown up immersed in digital technologies […]
          Mission in 3-D        
Those involved in Christian missions tend to be two-dimensional thinkers. They look at a map, see all of the “unreached people groups,” and then look for ways to reach them. This is, of course, an over-simplified view of how societies group themselves and how transformational information spreads from one group to another. The generation gap, for […]
          The Generation Gap On MGM        
It’s significant: You know we couldn’t end the blog without at least one more post defending foreskin. Previous Dish on male genital mutilation here. Update from a reader: Since it’s my last chance, I just wanted to thank you for your posts on circumcision (and all the others over the years). I hadn’t thought to question the practice, […]
          Comment on My Experience at AIDSWatch 2017 by Kamaria Laffrey        
Thank you for sharing this. I think the dialogue on what I call the "Generation Gap" between veteran advocates and the youth population is one that needs to start with the veterans encouraging the sharing of the history of what AIDS advocacy started out as. It is critical to always revisit the "WHY" of advocacy then and compare it to the "WHY" of today. Films such as "We're Still Here" and "And the Band Played On" are two that humble my position as a young leader so that long-term survivors respect and trust me as their ally as well as veteran advocates are willing to mentor me. This speaks to there needs to be meeting in the middle. I am committed to always revisiting this discussion at every phase of my life and re-evaluating where I am in making sure the momentum of the fight never dies, even after we find a cure.
          HIV, Intersectionality and the Generation Gap        

Becky AllenHere at TheBody.com, we have a long-standing, awesome tradition, which is that we order lunch together as a team every Wednesday. (Don't be confused into thinking we eat together as a team; we're all cubicle-dwelling workaholics, so after some chatting and banter, we retreat to our desks to work while we eat, just like every article on living healthily while working in an office says you should never, ever do.) We're a small but tight-knit group -- we know one another's favorite TV shows and musicians, what we all did last weekend and where we're all planning to go for our Thanksgiving vacation days. So it's always surprising when one of us says something that gets nothing but blank looks in return. And when that happens, it's almost always caused by one thing: the generation gap.

Read more ...

          Showing my Age in a Multigenerational Workforce        
Generation Gap Recently, a co-worker (a baby boomer), upon hearing about this blog, came up to me and said "Hey Gen, I really like your blog!..Hmmm...what Is a Blog anyway??" Another co-worker (also a boomer) asked me during water cooler talk if I knew who Paul Newman was and I...
          The Generation Gap (1969 TV Series)        
          An Inspiring Evening w/ Kamasean Matthews @ The Westin Resort Nusa Dua, Bali        

Nusa Dua, Bali, 17 July 2013. The Westin Resort Nusa Dua, Bali takes great pleasure to announce that its annual UNICEF Check Out For Children Challenge charity event on Friday, 12th July 2012 was another huge success. Talented Indonesian Idol finalist, Kamasean Matthews, took to the stage of the Mangupura Hall and delighted the audience with her vocal abilities.

At just 17 years of age, Kamasean was the youngest contestant in Indonesian Idol history when she participated in this national competition in 2012. She has since gone on to become a YouTube sensation with thousands of followers on Twitter as well as Facebook. Kamasean is blessed with a magical voice that transcends all musical genres and has the power to bridge the generation gap. Apart from singing, she is also an accomplished composer and plays several instruments including the piano and guitar.

An Inspiring Evening with Kamasean Matthews was an uplifting concert that had toes tapping to some very lively beats. The proceeds from all ticket sales will be donated directly to UNICEF Check Out For Children program and channeled to a project that vaccinates and educates impoverished children across the Asia Pacific region.

Apart from raising funds for a commendable cause, the aim of this event was also to empower local children and help them realize their full potential. Prior to the concert Kamasean hosted one hour exclusive Sharing Session for aspiring young singers and musicians. It was an opportunity to meet Kamasean in person and hear about her rise to fame. She also took the time to pose for group photos and talk about her own compositions.

The concert was essentially a celebration for children from all walks of life and complimentary tickets were provided for several local schools. The resort also bussed in a group of children from an orphanage that it supports in north Bali “Panti Asuhan Dana Punia, Singaraja”. Other seats were allocated for sponsors, residents, members of the expatriate community and Bali’s travel industry.

A UNICEF video presentation was shown as a prelude to the concert highlighting children in the developing world. Kamasean Matthews was then welcomed to the stage where she opened the show with a power ballad. This was followed by a fun song performed by the children of the Farabi Music School, Dwiki Dharmawan, Bali.

The evening continued with Kamasean showcasing her musical abilities on the piano and guitar. She connected with the audience on a personal level and had everyone singing along to the songs that she made popular during her time on Indonesian Idol.

Other notable highlights during the show included a performance by the children of Joyful Choir followed by a collaborative song between Kamasean and her younger brother Sammy, an aspiring DJ who mixed up the sounds. Kamasean then sang a heartfelt original composition that is currently getting a lot of airplay on Bali radio entitled “How Could You”.

The finale was an upbeat rendition of the hit song “Hall of Fame” accompanied by the Joyful Choir.  All of the evening’s young performers were then invited back to the stage for a final round of applause where Kamasean was presented with a bouquet of tropical flowers.

“It was indeed an honor to have Kamasean Matthews perform at the resort in support of our annual fundraiser. This event once again proved that music has the ability to bring people together for a good cause. I am happy to announce that this year we will be able to make a significant contribution to UNICEF and give hope to those in need,” comments Mr. Bipan Kapur, Managing Director of The Westin Resort Nusa Dua, Bali.

For the past 18 years Starwood Hotels and Resorts has partnered with UNICEF to raise funds for a number of worthy causes that benefit impoverished children around the world. In the Asia Pacific region alone, the UNICEF Check Out For Children Challenge has supported the immunization of thousands of young women and children against a number of preventable diseases.

This event was made possible by the generosity of a number of kind-hearted sponsors. Many thanks extended to Star Media Nusantara, Garuda Indonesia, Joyful Choir, Farabi Music School Dwiki Dharmawan, PT Nusadua Graha International, JKS Bali, H&C, Qulinari, KPI, Velo Networks, BNI, BCA, Bali Jet Set, Farabi Dwiki Dharmawan, BTDC, Garda Printing, PT Mandira Abadi, Jonggrang Bali Creative, Digital Photo Graphics, King Koil, Bali Zoo, Illy, Woleco, Focus, Indomaret, Gabriel Ulung Wicaksono photography and videography, HardRock Radio Bali, Bali Update, Bali & Beyond, hellobali, Jalan Jalan, JJK, Bali Daily, BMC TV, Maxx- M, Jakarta Post Travel and Now!Bali.

Please view a short video of this event in our youtube site for your reference: http://youtu.be/vvTyf8HgFTM

For more information on The Westin Resort Nusa Dua, Bali, please visit www.westin.com/bali, www.facebook.com/westinbali or follow the property on www.twitter.com/westinbali


Take a break from sneaking out to New York dance clubs long enough to enjoy the delightful Chemda (Keith and The Girl podcast) as she and Janet explore some VERY frank talk about teenage sex, the generation gap between emigrant parents and their kids, and what to do if you get a bump in your ponytail.

          What Should 2018 Candidates Be Doing Right Now?        

If you’re running for office in 2018, what should you be doing right now? Former Congressional candidate Andy Millard and I talked through that question in detail on the sidelines of C&E’s CampaignExpo conference a couple of weeks ago, when we sat down for a segment on his new Democratic Candidates podcast. The big winners: List-building in person and online Building name recognition through social media content and advertising Using voter-file targeted online ads Meeting voters face to face Learning to dial for dollars Being yourself For more, including a long talk about peer-to-peer apps for campaigns, check out the full podcast — I promise that it’s worth your time (I tell a few stories). And Democrats, be sure to take a good look the Democratic Candidates Conference Andy will be putting on in January. This is the kind of thing Democrats should be doing more of…and that the rest of us should support.

The post What Should 2018 Candidates Be Doing Right Now? appeared first on Epolitics.com.

          The Good, The Bad, and The Young: Letting the Younger Generations Prove Themselves in the Workplace        
Photo Credit: Koren Shadmi - NY Times
On Sunday, there was an article in the New York Times, which hit close to home.  As a Millenial who graduated with a Liberal Arts degree, I can sympathize with the trials young people face in the job market. We’re not only competing against each other, but also with those from older generations who were hit by the Great Recession and are thus willing to take an entry-level salary.

Robert Goldfarb, a management consultant for corporations and the author of the aforementioned article, has noted a peculiar bias against the Millenial generation by upper management. He found that many executives are frustrated by their own anecdotal interactions with Millenials and thus transpose these on an entire generation.

For example, executives have told Goldfarb anecdotes such as “’When I was my grandson’s age, I started at the bottom and worked my way up; he’s not willing to do that.’ Or, ‘My daughter majored in philosophy, of all things — how will that get her anywhere?’” Goldfarb explains that even if they don’t have a personal experience, Gen-Yers are usually slumped into the description (the one we’ve heard repeated time and time again) of being self-absorbed and lazy.

“The general message from these leaders is this: More young people would be hired if they had the right qualifications, but too few have the skills and discipline needed to succeed in today’s demanding workplace.”

The Millenials are often slated as the “entitled generation” but are never given the chance to prove themselves as a competent and intelligent bunch. However, most of us are ready to prove ourselves in the work environment. We may appear overeager but that’s certainly better than being apathetic, right?

According to Goldfarb it is. “Rather than waiting for educational institutions or the government to bridge this generation gap, employers should consider accepting some responsibility for introducing young people into the work force.”

Goldfarb explains that hiring and training young people, even those with liberal arts degrees or those who never graduated college, can give employers a leg up when the economy finally rebounds.  After all, we are “a population hungry to prove its value.”

- Marcie Gainer, Executive Assistant

          'Brave' - fun, emotional adventure ride (IANS Movie Review)        

'Brave' - fun, emotional adventure ride (IANS Movie Review)


Film: 'Brave'; Directors: Mark Andrews, Brenda Chapman, Steve Purcell; Actors: Kelly Macdonald, Billy Connolly, Emma Thompson; Rating: ****

Wisdom is a funny thing. When you could really make good use of it, especially during the strength of your youth, you have very little. Youth too is funny, because when you have the strength to change the world, you lack the wisdom.

Between the strength of youth and wisdom of age, lies a no-man's land called generation gap, where people have fought since the beginning of human civilization.

'Brave' is a film situated in that place, trying to decimate fences on both sides of the warring parties in a fun, light-hearted and poignant way.

Merida (Kelly Macdonald), a young princess in a kingdom ruled by tradition, dislikes her mother who's perennially trying to wean her away from her archery and horse riding into more ladylike pursuits. She evokes a spell to change her mother not realising that it will literally change her physical appearance.

Mother-daughter must come to resolve their differences if the queen has to convert back. Turns out that understanding the other's perspective wasn't so hard after all.

'Brave' is a very unselfconscious, fun, well-written and well-executed film that blends history, myth, humour and fantasy with an impeccable animation that delivers an entertaining punch.

It is a film for the whole family as you'll find kids and adults on the two sides of the generation gap relating to it.

The heady detailing of animation makes you realise why Pixar is called the mother and father of modern animation.

A scene of Merida shooting an arrow is shot in slow motion: as the bowstring is released, the arrow bends with the intensity of the force pushing it forward, before it straightens mid-air and hits bull's eye.

The meticulous working in this scene becomes an analogy for the detailing in the entire film as well as in most Pixar fare.

Yet, at the core of it, Pixar understands that what humans relate to are emotional stories. The brilliant animation work works only to complement a well thought out and written screenplay, which in the tradition of children's art entertains kids as much as it enlightens them. And at the end, there's a lesson for everyone to take home and ponder - young and old alike.

The lesson is simple. It is not that parents are always right and kids always wrong. There's a middle ground where both generations can coexist and thrive.

'Brave' delivers a moral without letting the moral out. It teaches not just kids to listen to parents, but parents to be wise enough to listen to their kids and accommodate their strengths and enthusiasm into their wisdom. And it delivers this message with an emotional and humorous punch.

It talks of tradition and that it need not be followed without thought. It weaves magic without making the magic, the film or you feel out of place. And that is magical indeed.

You come out with the feeling that no war, be it literal, attitudinal or generational is inevitable but wisdom, understanding and peace can always be. Only a film brave enough to attempt so much, can do so.


This article was distributed through the NewsCred Smartwire.Original article © IANS / Daily News 2012

          Young Love        
Millennials Give Advice on Relationships Love is so versatile. Depending who you ask, you will get different stories from lovers past. I decided to do some research and ask millennials some serious to not so serious questions. Let’s see what this generation truly thinks of love: What do you find attractive in a partner? Tall, dark and handsome is the most popular answer. Muscles came in a close second. And a good “package” was also a common trend. What immediately turns you on in a partner? When I asked people, one answer that stuck out was “kindness.” We have heard the saying kindness goes a long way. Apparently it is true. A runner up is confidence. Something about confidence just turns anyone on, it is just so reassuring, which is amazing and there is never any doubt. What is a deal breaker? Being intimate with someone else when you are talking to someone is definitely a turn off. Obviously that is cheating, but nonetheless it is bad. Not having a sense of humor is a solid second. If you are dull as a brick, things will not work. Also trust in general is a BIG deal. What keeps you in a relationship? Money overwhelmly was the winner, followed by attractiveness. Also, insecurity in finding someome new was a popular answer. This means you get so used to a relationship that you are not sure you want to be single again. Do your family and friends accept your significant other? If your family and friends don’t accept your partner, it is so much harder to love them. This is because they are your world. If your friends and family don’t care, you slowly but surely start to not care too. There are some exceptions, but for the most part a lot of people are influenced by their close circle. Overall, these questions are major factors in every relationship. For some, approval is everything whereas others just view it as a suggestion. Whatever the case may be, some may argue that millennials view love in a different way. It is more open for the most part, although some are still more conservative. Either way, love is crazy throughout any generation gap, big or small.
          Snapchat Goes Public In Largest Tech IPO Since Alibaba        
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: The company behind the popular video messaging service Snapchat went public today, and it was a rousing debut. Shares of Snap closed up 44 percent on its first day of trading. The company's core audience, 18- to 34-year-olds, is highly sought after by advertisers. And despite the exuberance, Snap faces the perennial challenge for all tech companies - how to make money. NPR's Sonari Glinton and Youth Radio's Natalie Bettendorf report. SONARI GLINTON, BYLINE: In the interest of full disclosure, I'm on Snapchat, but I don't understand it that much. And what I do know I've learned from my best friend's 17-year-old and my colleagues at Youth Radio like Natalie Bettendorf. NATALIE BETTENDORF, BYLINE: It's been something that I've been on since middle school. The problem is that there's this huge generation gap where young people are kind of understanding it intuitively while older people are just completely clueless. So I actually

Andamos a ver Jericho lá por casa. E a avaliar pela primeira metade da primeira série ainda não acredito que a série foi cancelada, nunca conseguindo captar espectadores suficientes para escapar ao cancelamento, embora os fãs que angariou tenham sido fieis, conseguindo que a série voltasse para uma breve, e mais curta, segunda temporada, à pala de 20 toneladas de amendoins enviadas para a CBS!

A verdade é que Jericho consegue ser melhor série do que muitas que se mantêm por diversas temporadas. Nos EUA, o dia e a hora a que as séries são colocadas no ar marcam as possibilidades de sucesso. E ao contrário dos filmes, é o mercado americano que manda, não havendo outras possibilidades mesmo que a série seja um grande sucesso no resto do mundo.

Jericho conta a história de uma cidade americana Jericho, no Kansas, depois de um ataque nuclear a várias grandes cidades americanas.
A primeira temporada centra-se nos residentes de Jericho e nas diferentes formas como estes reagem e sobrevivem aos desafios da sua nova condição.
Os medos comuns, mas o ataque de mercenários e a presença a poucos quilómetros de um bando de bandidos tornam-se alguns pontos de interesse e conflito nos 12 episódios já vistos.
O personagem principal é Jake Green, um dos filhos do Mayor da cidade que volta à cidade e ali permanece devido ao ataque nuclear, outro dos personagens com mais tempo de acção é Robert Hawkins, um novo habitante e que sabe mais sobre o que aconteceu do que à partida poderíamos supor.
Jake torna-se, pouco a pouco, um dos líderes de Jericho, protegendo a cidade e os seus habitantes, "dividido" entre um antigo amor e uma professora que se apaixona por ele.
A série é divertida, joga bem com o relacionamento entre os diferentes personagens e a dinâmica da pequena cidade americana, enquanto acrescenta a isto diversas e diferentes temáticas como a identidade de uma comunidade, a ordem pública, o valor da família e as generation gaps, tudo isto enquanto vai brindando o espectador com diversos mistérios, relacionados com o passado, essencialmente, dos dois personagens nomeados, mas também sobre os responsáveis dos atentados e as razões por trás deles. Acima de tudo está bem escrita, com um bom desenvolvimento dos personagens e mantendo o interesse, espicaçando, do espectador.

Ainda assim, Jericho tem-se revelado uma série algo leve, por vezes, parece demasiado telenovelesca (há demasiados casos amorosos, demasiadas mulheres com interesses amorosos que acabam por retirar algum tempo à acção), mas acaba por conseguir um equilíbrio interessante.

Já este ano, foi anunciado o regresso de Jericho em dois media diferentes, assim Jericho deverá continuar a sua carreira e a storyline, com uma terceira temporada em BD, pela Devil´s Due (entrevista aqui), e parece que há a possibilidade de terminar a história com um filme.
Diz Turteltaub: “We’re developing a feature for Jericho. It would not require you to have seen the TV show, but it gets into life after an event like this on a national scale. It would be the bigger, full on American version of what's going on beyond the town in Jericho."

A ver, no nosso caso, a acabar de ver a primeira season, já que a caixa com a segunda já se encontra no móvel:p

          Midlothian Advertiser: Nursery project bridging generation gap in Gorebridge        
Local MSP Christine Grahame recently visited a joint project by Newbyres Nursery and Newbyres Village Care Home which sees young children visiting elderly residents on a weekly basis.
          Generation Gap        
Chrysler, Ford and GM Industry icons - the 1920's, 30's, 40's (WWII efforts), 50's and 60's each decade, each year, US manufacturers created bench marks that ignited trends in industrial design, white goods, colors, moods, spirit and freedom itself.

Suddenly, and without warning, while the Federal Government was mandating such ingenious innovations as 5 MPH bumpers, seat belt interlock systems and air pumps, the 1973 gas crisis hit. Six years later the gas crisis hit again - fast forward 28 years later - the fab three haven't recorded a single hit record and continue to loose altitude in a downward spiral.

Whats wrong?

It's the brands themselves.

Aged and tired names in a new generation of texting, My Space and video games.

Chevrolet, Pontiac, Buick, Dodge, Ford, Lincoln, Mercury are brands where nostalgia sells, but not much of anything else.

The big three must reduce, re-use and re-cycle by getting down to very simple brand communications i.e., "Trucks,Cars & Retro".

Here's how:

GM Trucks (pick-up line/8 Passenger Family mover)
GM Cars (one micro/hybrid car, one mid sized and one full sized).
GM Retro ("nostalgic brand offers" via catalogue for the old timers - one Cadillac, one Chevy, One Pontiac till the boomers die off).

Chrysler and Ford in a similar way. Easier said than done, but you have to start some place.

Please remember to keep the "iconic" logos somewhat smaller, placing greater emphasis on bench mark innovation and world class products, the core of which started it all in the first place.


(next we can take on CBS, NBC and ABC - prime time dinasours).
          Nobody’s marigold has the benefit of a generation gap        
Musicians Roy Stein and April Laragy have been rolling around the Rochester rock scene for years, making noise in several impactful bands. Stein was the drummer in the brooding new wave act New Math in the late 1970's and The Jet Black Berries in the early 1980's.…
          Problems of Generation Gap        
‘Kids these days are so brash, we were never like this when we were growing up,’ is a refrain that I constantly heard from adults around me while growing up. Not that the refrain has stopped now, it’s just that I myself have joined the ranks of the moaners, something I would never have thought […]
          Australian Rock'n'Roll History (Part 1)        

Rock and roll (rock 'n' roll) originated in the United States in the later 40s and spread to the rest of the world in the following decade. As a musical genre it was a hybrid cross-over of blues and country and became rockabilly, with Sun Records in Memphis, the centre of the movement. In truth Rock’n’roll was a systematic sanitization of black music (R&B) for an appreciative young white audience. Rock’n’roll had long been an African-American euphemism for sex but when DJ Alan Freed used the term to describe a music genre, the term stuck. The fast beat with double entendres in lyrics only endeared itself further to the hearts of the baby boomers, keen to shed the doldrums of the post war period. As Jazz was to the Flappers, Rock’n’Roll was to the 50s teenagers. The music’s secret was in its rhythm, which was basically a boogie woogie blues rhythm (8 beats to a bar, and are 12-bar blues) with an accentuated backbeat, almost always on snare drum. In the earliest forms of rock and roll, which date to the late 1940s, the piano was the lead instrument (Fats Domino "The Fat man" -1949/1950).

By the early fifties, the saxophone had taken over as lead, and eventually this was replaced in turn by the lead guitar. By the late fifties rock and roll groups consisted of two electric guitars (one lead, one rhythm), an electric bass guitar, and a drum kit. In most people’s minds Bill Haley’s Rock around the clock was the beginning of the movement, but honours should go to “Crazy Man, Crazy" which first hit the American charts in 1952.

The follow up was a cover version of Big Joe Turner's "Shake, Rattle and Roll," became the first ever rock'n'roll song to enter the British singles charts in December 1954.

"Rock Around the Clock" was recorded in 1954 but did little until it appeared a year later behind the opening credits of the 1955 film Blackboard Jungle starring Glenn Ford.

The film did not appear in Australian cinemas until 1956 but when the single was released by Festival Records it became the biggest-selling record in Australian history (150,000 copies). Keen to cash in on Haley’s popularity there was a follow up film showing Bill Haley in concern which included footage of the crowd hysteria that accompanied his live performances. It was this that gave Australian kids the lead and like every other teenager across the Western World, they jived in the aisles and ripped up the seats. Now inspired to play the music, legions of copyist sprung up everywhere, playing in the suburbs across Australia and thrilling local revelers in the dance halls. The first Australian rock’n’roll record was Frankie Davidson’s “Rock-a Beat’n’ Boogie (a Haley composition) which sold reasonably well although it was generally considered a novelty record.

In the US racial tensions had surfaced with African Americans protesting against segregation, but in Australia that 'race' connection meant nothing. Instead the development of a teenage culture widened the Generation Gap between kids and their parents and young Australians broke their shackles with the Old Country, following the new American heroes of Haley, Presley and Little Richard. Every Australian city developed its own local heroes but that is where they would have remained because distances were too great. Teenagers listened to the jukeboxes in milk bars and were trained to their transistor hoping to catch maverick radio presenters like Stan Rife (Melbourne) and John Laws (Sydney), spinning the latest releases from overseas. All that changed with Johnny O’Keefe who was inspired by Bill Haley, gave up a retail career to bop. Johnnie O'Keefe and the 'Dee Jays' released a Bill Haley song You Hit the Wrong Note Billy Goat in 1957, which was beginning of Australian home grown Rock’n’roll.

Keen to catch the new trend of teenage entertainment Channel Nine launched an Australian version of American Bandstand in 1958, compared by Brian Henderson and a year later, 1959 ABCs "Six O'Clock Rock" went to air with Johnny O’Keefe, at first a regular contributor before becoming the resident host. This was based on BBCs “Six Five Special.”

More often than not in Australia the actual artists were not always available to appear which gave local talent the opportunity to perform cover versions or mime to the latest hits. Popular Australian acts which whipped up excitement included Lonnie Lee & The Leemen, Dig Richards & The R'Jays, Alan Dale & The Houserockers, Ray Hoff & The Offbeats, Digger Revell & The Denvermen and New Zealand's Johnny Devlin & The Devils.

Col Joye and the Joy Boys was the star feature on Australia's Bandstand TV Show and Johnny O’Keefe’s nemesis. Col’s style was more country than rocker but did reasonable cover versions before eventually writing his own material with progressively more chart success than Johnny O’Keefe.

Lee Gordon was a North American millionaire and music promoter who came to Australia in the early 1954. He set up a circuit of venues across the Big Brown Land using open air stadium previously used for boxing promotions. Initially he had brought big name artists like Sinatra, Johnny Ray and Frankie Lane to sing but in 1957, Gordon’s Big (Bog) Show, included Bill Haley and the Comets, Jerry Lee Lewis and Buddy Holly. At first showed no interest in local talent and although Johnny O’Keefe wangled his way into the show the impresario remained ambivalent. Then when Gene Vincent was delayed in transit and Gordon was forced to replace him with Johnny O’Keefe, ‘The Wild One” put on the show of his life and won the crowd over and impressed the impresario so much, he became his manager.

From then onwards the Australian packages had the famous and not so famous, side by side. Sharing the bill with Gene Vincent was Little Richard who wowed the audience, but after seeing a sputnik, thought he had a signal from God and relinquished all his worldly goods to take up religion. Touring dance bands in Australia and New Zealand carried a much bigger repertoire than most and were as likely to need to play the popular standards of the Twenties, Thirties and Forties, as they would the latest tunes. This made Australasian musicians very accomplished with many from a jazz background. Some were influenced by R&B and "jump" music of performers like Louis Jordan, whereas others were inspired by American surf guitar maestros Dick Dale and Duane Eddy. A notable alternative to the mainstream pop fare emerged with 'surf' groups, like The Atlantics and The Denvermen (Sydney), and The Thunderbirds (Melbourne).

Many of these instrumental groups survived into the Beatles era by adding a lead singer, and several evolved into some of the top bands of the next decade. Without doubt the introduction of the electric guitar and availability of US guitars gave macho credence to nerds who today may be found playing with their computers, but then, the nerds thrived on electrifying their instruments and amplifying the sound. The greatest influence in the next phase of Australia rock came from an unlikely source, a specky geek from Newcastle, UK, with the unlikely name of, Hank Marvin.

Worth a listen:

Fats Domino
The fat man (1950)

Bill Haley and the Comets
Crazy Man, Crazy (1952)
Shake, Rattle and Roll (1954)
Rock around the clock (1955)

Frankie Davidson
Rock-a Beat’n’ Boogie

Johnny O’Keefe
You Hit the Wrong Note Billy Goat (1957)
The Wild One

Col Joye and the Joymen
Bye Bye Baby (Goodbye)

The Shadows
Apache (1960)

The Atlantics
Bombora (1963)
          Woodstock – Part 19        
Woodstock co-founders Michael Lang and Joel Rosenman talk about how the festival helped to close the generation gap, at least for a while. Producer: Joyride Media In stores now – Woodstock Experience two-disc sets by Santana, Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin, Sly & The Family Stone and Johnny Winter feature their classic 1969 albums plus the […]
          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by Mark L        
As a conservative leaning individual I love to read and learn from progressive leaning church members. Thank you for maintaining this forum where ideas can be debated. We all don't have to agree to enjoy the benefits of a civil society. I always try to be thoughtful and take some time to think before I post. I imagine everyone is thoughtful and reasoned before submitting a reply. I would love to comment more, but too many progressives attack conservative opinions here. Shouldn't we all be more kind and generous before we assume the worst motives to people with ideas we disagree with?
          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by Toad        
My children were raised by a very conservative mother and a somewhat liberal father. Each of them is very sympathetic to LGBT issues and thinks the church is way off the mark regarding the Nov 2015 policy. My experience with the other youth in my ward is that 80%+ of them sympathize with LGBT causes - and I live in a pretty conservative ward. This past Easter my daughter (senior in high school) invited her bi friend to church for Easter services. This friend had said she's looking for a church to attend. When my daughter invited her this friend said only Mormons don't realize how hateful they are to gay people. It evokes the old saying of walk a mile in their shoes... While I do think people tend to migrate from liberal to conservative as they age, these numbers give hope to the possibility that overall church attitudes will change regarding same sex marriage. It took a while to learn that separate cannot be equal. Hopefully it will take less time to learn that exclusion doesn't equal welcome.
          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by Brian        
Wow, Mark, that was quite the transition: Church policy to Google. Also, if you were a woman (or had more of an imagination?) maybe you could imagine why basically calling women incompetent might be seen as workplace hostility? I mean, there are conservatives who see that. Stay on target. Stay on target.
          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by Mark L        
At least the Church has clearly stated its policy and everyone knows what can lead to excommunication and apostasy. The progressives that run Google are not nearly as open minded as they claim to be and will fire anyone who expresses "wrong" ideas or opinions.
          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by Tracy M        
<blockquote>“The exclusion policy is going to cost the church a generation, if not more. My own children, born and raised and sealed Mormon, will not likely stay if this is the hill the church wants to die on.”</blockquote> This was me, James Stone, speaking about my family. In that statement, where do I say, or even imply, any of the pointed things you stated? Where am I working against the church? Where am I being selfish or ashamed? As Brian said, I am hopeful the Gospel is actually big enough to love my children, my family, and my brothers and sisters who do not look, think or move through the world the same exact way I do. I believe it is big enough. It causes me grief when people, "the natural man," keep painting the lines tighter and smaller, until only people who approach faith *just* like themselves are included in the circle.
          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by Brian        
James, Thanks for pointing to me where you are basing your judgement on. The words that you quote, as I see it, don't in anyway suggest, as you say: "Those asking for a more lenient policy regarding LGBT behavior aren’t doing it for the good of the church (read: more members on the rolls) but for their own selfish motives. They want to stop identifying certain behavior as sinful so they don’t have to be ashamed of or have to defend the gospel of Christ with their family, friends, neighbors, and co-workers." Instead, I see their words as quite the opposite: hoping for the Church to continue to grow. You might have different thoughts on the means, but to suggest these people are motivated by "selfish motives" and are basically cowards seems quite disingenuous and reading (projecting onto them) much more than is actually there.
          Millennial leaders must bridge the generation gap for leadership: Michael Gruber, Aon Hewitt ME        

  Main challenge for emerging leaders is...

The post Millennial leaders must bridge the generation gap for leadership: Michael Gruber, Aon Hewitt ME appeared first on .

          Honky Tonk Heroes 08-30-2014 with Sam        

- Thanks A Lot - 20th Century Masters The Millennium Collection The Best Of Ernest Tubb
Kitty Wells- Password - Country Music Hall Of Fame Series Kitty Wells
Ernest Tubb Loretta Lynn- Mr And Mrs Used To Be - Ernest Tubb The Definitive Collection
Webb Pierce- Those Wonderful Years - 1964 Country Western Award Winners
Compilation- Wine Women And Song - All Time Greatest Hits
Webb Pierce- If The Back Door Could Talk - Webb Pierce The Sun Records Sessions
Jimmy Martin- Widow Maker - Jimmy Martins Greatest Hits
Bill Anderson- Five Little Fingers - The Definitive Collection Bill Anderson
- voicebreak -
Jason D Williams- Hillbillies And Holy Rollers - Hillbillies And Holy Rollers
Chuck Mead- On A Slow Train Through Arkansas - Free State Serenade
Casey James Prestwood The Burning Angels- Lets Get Down - Honky Tonk Bastard World
Suzy Bogguss- The Bottle Let Me Down - Lucky
- voicebreak -
Charlie Brown- House By The Sea - Up From Georgia
Jeannie C Riley- The Generation Gap - Greatest Hits Vol 1 2
Delmore Brothers- Im Mississippi Bound - Hillbilly Boogie Best
The Delmore Brothers- Lonesome Yodel Blues - American Yodeling
The Cactus Blossoms- Change Your Ways Or Die The Buffalo Song Live - Live At The Turf Club
Daniel Romano- Chicken Bill - Come Cry With Me
- Tupelo County Jail - Dim Lights Thick Smoke And Hillbilly Music 1958
Hank Williams- Wealth Wont Save Your Soul - The Original Singles Collection Plus
Gene Autry- Dont Fence Me In - The Gene Autyr Collection Vol 3
George Jones- Seasons Of My Heart - Mojo Presents
- voicebreak -
Guy Clark- Texas 1947 - Old No 1
Hank Snow- Married By The Bible Divorced By The Law - Diamond Master Series Hank Snow
Hoyt Axton- Sunrise - My Griffin Is Gone
Ramblin Jimmy Dolan- Hot Rod Race - The History Of Rock N Roll Vol 4
- Wait For The Light To Shine - Rockabilly Stars Vol 1
- The Sun Keeps Shining - Rockabilly Stars Vol 1
- voicebreak -
- Sorry Charlie - Rockabilly Stars Vol 1
Gosdin Bros- There Must Be Someone - Born In The Usa
Willie Nelson- Permanently Lonely - Crazy The Demo Sessions
Tammy Wynette- Satin Sheets - Another Lonely Song
- voicebreak -
Same- How I Got To Memphis - Otis Williams And The Midnight Cowboys
- Hillbilly Bessie - Louisiana Hayride
Everley Bros- Mama Tried - Roots
Compilation- The Tattooed Lady - Dim Lights Thick Smoke And Hillbilly Music 1950
Charley Pride- Shutters And Boards - Greatest Hits
- Youre The Reason - Dim Lights Thick Smoke And Hillbilly Music 1961
Bobby Boyle- Shallow Water Blues - Country Hicks Vol 7
Carolina Cotton- Lovin Ducky Daddy - Yodel Yodel Yodel
- Foolin Around - Dim Lights Thick Smoke And Hillbilly Music 1961
- voicebreak -
Hot Rize Red Knuckles And The Trailblazers- Goin Steady - Shades Of The Past Hot Rize Presents Red Knuckles And The Trailblazers
Tammy Wynette- Bedtime Story - 16 Biggest Hits Tammy Wynette
Merle Haggard- White Line Fever - Vintage Collections Merle Haggard
Tanya Tucker- Loving You Could Never Be Better - Delta Dawn
Loretta Lynn- Im A Honky Tonk Girl - Honky Tonk Girl The Loretta Lynn Collection Box Set
Webb Pierce- Ill Go On Alone - Single
- voicebreak -
Justin Townes Earle- Cant Hardly Wait - Midnight At The Movies
Texas Tornados- ALittle Bit Is Better Then Nada - 4 Aces
Jean Shepard- Keep It A Secret - The Melody Ranch Queen
Compilation- Born To Lose - Columbia Country Classics Vol 1 The Golden Age
Wanda Jackson- A Date With Jerry - Rockin With Wanda
Merle Haggard- Branded Man - 40 Greatest Hits Vol 1 Rerecorded Versions
Kd Lang- Lock Stock And Teardrops - Shadowland
- voicebreak -

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/79/playlistDate/2014-08-30
          The Generation Gap - Younger Men and Older Woman        
Living in a male controlled society, women were not allowed the same options. An older man dating a younger woman, 10 to 30 years his junior would rarely cause one to raise an eyebrow. A woman in a similar scenario would be scandalized.
          Comment on Victory Lane Special: The Generation Gap by Dad        
We need more Davey and Dad !!
          The Audience Is Waiting. On the late music of Scott Walker.        

In December 2012 Scott Walker released Bish Bosch, the last record in a trilogy with which he has established a very personal style so far unmatched by any other musician. In 2013, after listening to each record in succession over a period of several months, I wrote the following text for an essay contest, albeit with a different (and, admittedly, really crappy) introduction. The text was prompted by the music, obviously, but also by the many reviews and reactions I had read then, none of which ever matching my experience of listening to the music. I must confess having come very late to the music of Scott Walker, maybe 4 or 5 years ago only, and via his later output, being totally ignorant of his 1960s music.  The text was also written from the point of view of an art writer, a bit as if it was a piece of visual art. It was also intended for a general audience, initially, so I tried as much as possible to write it  in non-artspeak. I had shelved it after a few unsuccessful attempts to pitch it to music magazine,  and thought about maybe posting it later this year when his collaboration with Sunn 0))), Soused, was going to be released on Sept. 22nd, but as today marks FBC! 7th anniversary and that I'm in no real mood to write anything else, here it is for your enjoyment. Or not.

“The audience is waiting
 Its audience is waiting 
Its audience is waiting 
Its audience is waiting”
Scott Walker, “Hand Me Ups”, The Drift, 2006

The Audience Is Waiting. On the late music of Scott Walker.

Looking up  at what established critics have written about Scott Walker's recent output, and being confronted with qualifiers such as “terrifying, harrowing, austere, arcane, inaccessible, difficult, taxing, demanding, dense, austere, impenetrable, dark”, one cannot help but feeling doomed to fail at describing the experience of listening to it. But as the artist himself has said in the 2006 documentary 30th Century Man “I fail lots of times, but at least I’m trying.”
Let’s try.

The Artist, The Audience.
Scott Walker, born Noel Scott Engel in 1943, is nearly as old as rock music and pop music, if you will, having gotten his start as a teenage singer in the 1950s, in the wake of the commotion caused by Elvis Presley’s success. In the United Kingdom, he is mostly known or remembered as the lead singer of 1960s band The Walker Brothers and as an immense Pop star back then, who went solo in 1967 and released in quick succession four albums of delicate and timeless Pop music, backed-up by soaring orchestras that enhanced his famous baritone voice. He’s also credited as introducing Belgian singer Jacques Brel to an English- speaking audience by being the first one to cover his songs, later sung by the likes of David Bowie and Marc Almond.
The story goes that Scott Walker lost himself in the 1970s by recording mediocre albums of middle-of-the-road standards, before resurfacing as an avant-garde musician in 1995 with his record Tilt, following in the footsteps of earlier attempts, his 1984 solo record Climate of Hunter and the four songs he composed for the Walker Brother’s final album Nite Flights, after they had briefly reformed for a failed come-back. This story is of course incomplete, and as such has only served to grow a myth, about a reclusive and mad genius who releases a new masterpiece once every decade, using strange sound-making techniques and devices in the studio.
The reality is probably more complex, his glacial rate of delivery having to do with record companies’ corporate issues and with their need for commercial pragmatism, in addition to Walker’s own self-avowed slow rate of production.
The result of this complicated tale we’ve been fed however is that there seems to exist a split within his audience, between the part that grew up accustomed to his magnificent but still largely conventional music, and a newer one more interested in his recent adventurous 
output. That some people might enjoy both is rarely acknowledged, not least by the artist himself who’s convinced his old 1960s fans cannot abide his newer music. A quick look at comments on video sharing websites or social networks appears to confirm this: “rubbish”, “garbage”, “crap”, “trash”, or the ultimate crime, “pretentious” have been used to describe his recent songs, while some people, seemingly unaware Walker likely doesn’t read their comments, use the same pages to plead or demand he “goes back to his old style, to accommodate his fans”.
Walker’s most recent album, Bish Bosch, was released at the end of 2012, several years after The Drift (2006), completing the trilogy started with Tilt (1995). With this latest record, we are now afforded the possibility to comprehend better what he has been doing for the last two decades or so, to situate it within a larger context. As if to further complicate matters, the Scott Walker actuality has been quite busy recently when a box set of his first five solo records Scott Walker The Collection (Scott, Scott 2, Scott 3, Scott 4 and ‘Til The Band Comes In) was commercialized earlier this year, accentuating the divide between fans of his older music and lovers of his newer output. Though in truth the latter set tends to also enjoy early Scott Walker music, so the musical divide might simply be a generation gap rather than a real, sharp aesthetic division.
The box set also helped to finally attempt a comprehensive examination of the artist’s work, allowing to detect in early songs the roots of his current musicianship, as evidenced in a recent article by John Doran on the specialized music website
The Quietus. Viewed retrospectively, old songs such as Plastic Palace People (1968) with its fragmented lyrics and breaks of rhythm within the same tune help understand the evolution that lead to Walker’s current work. Other songs like The Old Man’s Back Again (Dedicated To The Neo-Stalinist Regime) or Hero Of The War, both on Scott 4, are just the seeds which Bolivia 95 and Patriot (A Single) on Tilt will grow from several decades later, their lyrics as political and poetical at the end of the 1960s than they will be at the turn of this century.
Outside of the United Kingdom, Walker’s reputation and fame are rather murky. Except maybe in Japan, he’s virtually unknown as a former pop star, which helps with a better reception of the
Tilt, The Drift and Bish Bosch trilogy. For one thing it is the esteem in which these records are held critically that has paved the way for people to rediscover his early work, as in the United States.

Gifted, Nikita Lalwani's debut novel is an effortless read. Nikita balances the strong immigrant theme and that of a child's angst (at a time when the child is too young to even understand such emotions) very naturally.

Rumi is 5 when she is identified as a gifted mathematician. A label that takes over her life, her thoughts and her family. Mahesh, Rumi's father, channels all his immigrant insecurities into making sure that Rumi is his proof to his adoptive country. The proof that his rigid belief's are the right way to raise children.

Rumi's daily life from the young age of 5 is not unlike a bootcamp. Her rigorous schedule reminded me of my study timetables, just that mine started in the 10th grade and her's, when she is barely in the 1st grade. Her thoughts and emotions are peppered with numbers and equations. Her affinity to use maths to even understand and explain herself is endearing. She equates her dad's expression to an approximate sign (~), trying to decipher if that indicates his mood as "approximately happy, or sad".

Nikita has captured the Indian family of the 80's very well. A strict disciplinarian father who sees excellence in education as the only way out. An emotionally tuned in but clueless mother,Shreene, who can see her child's changing personality but is incapable of understanding why. An impressionable child, who is living in two cultures, yet is complete withdrawn from both. Her only release from her anguish being an entirely odd addiction.

Nikita has bluntly etched out the characters of Mahesh and Shreene. I thought that was a very bold move. There are no late realizations about being open to their daughter's feelings or turning a new leaf and finally being together as a happy family. To the end each character stays very real. Just as in real life, the generation gap coupled with immigrant sentiments is too strong to just come out of.

I was very curious to read the book since it was long listed for the Booker 2007. I have to say Nikita has brushed through so many issues, loneliness in a new country, the quintessential confused child balancing two cultures, parenting, without forgetting that which is core to the story. The little girl and parental expectations. That which makes it universal. I think the simplicity through all of this makes it a good book.
          Learning to Bridge the Generation Gap in Family Foundations        

A recent article in The New York Times discusses how family foundations are navigating generational changes and younger family members take on roles alongside, and sometimes in place of, founding family members:

It used to be that the philanthropic baton would be passed to the next generation when the parents died. In the past, fewer generations actively worked together.

But with longer life spans, “there are several generations in the philanthropic space at the same time and around the table at the same time,” said Sharna Goldseker, the founder and managing director of 21/64, a consulting firm that focuses on next-generation philanthropy. There may well be agreement among the generations about the importance of giving, but also disagreement about who to give it to and how to give it.

Read the full article on The New York Times.

          Snapchat Goes Public In Largest Tech IPO Since Alibaba        
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: The company behind the popular video messaging service Snapchat went public today, and it was a rousing debut. Shares of Snap closed up 44 percent on its first day of trading. The company's core audience, 18- to 34-year-olds, is highly sought after by advertisers. And despite the exuberance, Snap faces the perennial challenge for all tech companies - how to make money. NPR's Sonari Glinton and Youth Radio's Natalie Bettendorf report. SONARI GLINTON, BYLINE: In the interest of full disclosure, I'm on Snapchat, but I don't understand it that much. And what I do know I've learned from my best friend's 17-year-old and my colleagues at Youth Radio like Natalie Bettendorf. NATALIE BETTENDORF, BYLINE: It's been something that I've been on since middle school. The problem is that there's this huge generation gap where young people are kind of understanding it intuitively while older people are just completely clueless. So I actually
          talkin' bout my generation: SLAM Rally, Melbourne, 2010        
I've been thinking a bit about the whole rally yesterday, and after posting my initial elatedness to Facebook my friend mentioned his cynicism about the whole endeavour. I pressed him on why exactly he was a bit jaded, and he duly listed the reasons, which I'd like to use as a bit of a launching pad for my own thoughts on the whole event. Please bare in mind that I'm not targeting any of this at anyone in particular, and I understand that my arguments brush over many of the subtleties of the whole schamozzle, but I felt like I had to at least air my reservations.

Here's my friend's list of gripes:
1... The people loudly retching and complaining during the short free-jazz piece that was performed, EVEN THOUGH several of the speeches had just taken great care to praise the diversity of Melbourne's music scene.

2... Every part of every speech where people were prodded to BOOOO. I mean Christ ~ we're adults, legitimately protesting; not 6-year-olds at a skeezy pantomime....

3... The Socialist Alternative douchebags trying to co-opt the rally, sullying the power of the number in attendance and diluting the unity of the message.

4... The backward-focus of most of the speechmakers. There were definitely some exceptions (Pikelet, Tim Rogers), but it seemed like most of the speakers were more focused on talking about some amazing gig they saw in 1976 than talking about Melbourne music's *future* -- which is what is at stake.

5... The inflated estimates of how many people were there. It was a big fucken turnout, but there is *no* *way* that there were 20,000 people there. (And they're the more conservative guesses ~~ Amanda Palmer claimed upwards of 70,000.)

6... The low-sitting shame and disappointment that comes with knowing that this rally will almost certainly succeed ... (I'll be astonished if we don't see a direct effect of this in liquor license policy in the next 6 months) ... while the just-as-big rallies for climate justice have led to absolutely nothing. Why can this succeed where the far-more-crucial one was doomed to fail?


Maybe I'm just in a bad mood. I did like the rally, by and large, and I thoroughly support its cause.

Stuff just annoyed me, that's all.

Some great points in there, and I have to say I more or less thoroughly agree with his ambivalence, and especially with points 1 and 4. My major issue was how there was this sustained undercurrent about the 'authenticity' of live rock music as opposed to other forms of musical participation and creative expression in Mebourne. I find it kind of sad that it was the proponents of this bloated rock myth - the Boomers and the Xers collectively known as "Melbourne's rock royalty" (a phrase that couldn't be more apt) - that mostly held sway in the speeches, and who set the tone for the rally, as some kind of repairing of this great big rock establishment in Melbourne. If you don't believe me, look at the performers (the RockWiz orchestra of old dudes) and the speakers, all generally in the Xer or Boomer category (Rick Dempster, Paul Kelly, Irine Vela, Jon Von Goes, etc.), or better still the 'supporters' on the SLAM home page. And it's sad that most of the indie kids (i.e. young, Gen Yers) were mainly happy to go along with this narrative and fold their own cause into that of some nonexistent rock utopia that apparently existed in Melbourne in the 70s or some other ill-defined era. So whilst I agree with Crikey's Charles Richardson that the generation gap was overcome, his positive spin on the whole thing is as much depressing as it is a show of intergenerational solidarity:

"Yesterday's rally in Melbourne in defence of live music is as good an occasion as any to proclaim the death of the generation gap. The crowd ranged from teenagers through to the oldest of the boomers, now in their 60s; they may not listen to the same bands, but they share the same musical sensibility and a determination to defend it. Rock has won this battle."
Rock certainly has won this battle, and if it's not on the terrain of popular music that we can differentiate ourselves from our parents, then on what basis can we? The indistinction of our generation to that of our parents is fucking depressing sometimes.

That's why I think Evelyn Morris, AKA Pikelet, (though her speech was a little twee) had it most right out of them all - focusing on the current thriving music community that Melbourne is supporting right now. So I totally agree with my friend that the misty-eyed nostalgia that dominated most of the speeches was probably not the best place to air that kind of stuff. What is at stake is the future of Melbourne's music scene, right now, not whether a couple of old Boomers can play to their rich mates in Melbourne's inner suburbs each Thursday night.

Considering the first point regarding the show of unity, what annoyed me most about the whole rally probably, was the slamming of Melbourne's DJ and dance culture, especially from that guy that spent three or four minutes of his speech deriding the 'soulless' club scene and its 'faceless', drunken adherents. There is this really unhelpful binary being set up - and it's also potentially a class division, as Anwyn Crawford mentioned on Twitter - between pre-recorded music/dance/nightclubs/violence/drunkenness/problems and live music/rock/pubs/peace/community, which anyone from either side (if they are even willing to pick a side) will tell you just isn't true. All this talk about "notorious nightclub zones" and "the pilled-up douches at the King Street discos" is not only offensive to people that go to these places and actually enjoy themselves without glassing each on the street afterwards, but it also misrepresents the actual problem (not nightclubs but punitive liquor licensing laws).

There is both shittiness and awesomeness across all scenes in Melbourne's hugely diverse and quite massive music culture in general. That's why I think a show of solidarity could have been achieved much more fully if we embraced all forms of music making, listening and loving in this town instead of either: singling out nightclubs as 'beer barns' full of idiotic hoons, or jeering old Wilbur when he and his mates got up to rock some free-jazz. Because if there was anything that the speeches did at least drive home to me was that it isn't just the 'indie/rock' circle of venues and section of the music industry, but the 'contemporary music' industry in Melbourne as a whole that is at stake here. 'Contemporary' is the adoptive term I'm using, as I can't think of something better that doesn't necessarily discriminate against 'pre-recorded' music, which can still involve inherent performative elements by DJs, dancers and, of course, the fans and patrons dancing all night long.

Regarding my friend's points 2 (infantile crowd response), 3 (pseudo-Marxist wankers) and 5 (inflated estimates), though, I have to say these things probably just come with the territory, stuff like that is inevitable whenever you're assembling this many people for this kind of cause. The inflation of figures are because people want desperately to think that the march was the most earth-shattering, historical event ever to rock Melbourne's CBD, plus also because nobody really can accurately count exactly how many people rocked up. I bet every figure bandied about thus far emerged initially as a guesstimate by some journalist, organiser or random Facebook friend and then did its rounds, accruing ever more ludicrous numbers until we get to Amanda Palmer's ridiculous suggestion of 70,000 people.

As for the booing and jeering, well that's probably to be expected - mass crowds tend to act fairly stupidly, and the nature of that congregation means only very simple emotions of a limited range can be expressed en masse when prompted, really only either approval (claps, cheering) or dismissal (booing).

The Socialist Alternative rocking up is hilarious - not only are you always going to get those divisive, misguided people at anything like this, I find it quite amusing that - if they were there in support of the whole thing - they were basically rallying for the government (the state) to keep their hands the fuck out of business (or at least wind back their regulations) so a bunch of Melbourne pubs can continue (or attempt) to make shitloads of money from punters. Of course, that sort of thing is generally good for us - i.e. anyone who has a cultural or financial interest in the productivity of the scene and its places - but if you consider the fact that the rally was also yet another confirmation of the institutionalisation and mainstreaming of rock music then SA might be exploring more agitative and revolutionary pathways for social justice, or just staying the hell away.

And point 6, well I guess my only answer - though it's probably not enough - is that it's far easier to mobilise people for such a comparatively softer and less challenging cause (keeping pubs open) than something like global warming, which actually takes concerted, long-term, difficult effort on behalf of those who believe in it (not to say that this whole live music fight hasn't expended the energy of many tireless and brilliant individuals working in front and behind the scenes to push the cause).

So like my friend, I am left feeling majorly ambivalent about the whole SLAM Rally. Of course, I agree that Melbourne's music community should be provided with the conditions under which it can flourish, and I was bouyed by the turnout of quite a diverse group of people (in the crowd at least) that support this very same sentiment, but like my mate, I just don't know if the whole thing was framed and executed in exactly the right way.

I think, then, that the defining image of the day was probably the Coalition members, staffers and suits up above us all on the Parliament steps, because their placards ('Brumby's liqour fees killing live music'=positive response; 'Liberals love live music'=booing) and even their very appearance summed up the contradictions of the whole thing. The Libs were just doing what they do best - opportunistic vote-grabbing - or at least attempting that, until they were predictably lambasted by nearly everyone there. But in the end, it's probably the Liberals that come closest to what the organisers - and perhaps even the protestors - want. Following that, the sense of confusion about the whole thing is summed up by protestors slamming politicians just as the whole event is designed to get politicians onboard - institutionalisation in the false veil of counter-culture.

Part of me also wonders what Melbourne's music might be like under conditions more similar to that of Sydney or Perth - the amazing privilege and taken-for-grantedness of this privilege we have here all too often breeds complacement, uncreative bands and music, just as much as it of course has the potential to nurture super-creative ones. Nevertheless, might our art not flourish under more dire circumstances, or is there a way for oppositional, unique or even just interesting music to be made in such conditions of plentitude?
          Ten Gamecube Games I'd Like To See On The Wii U Virtual Console        

When the Wii U was announced, there was one question people were wondering about that still hasn’t been answered. The most recent Nintendo console on the Virtual Console for the Wii was the Nintendo 64. So, with the Wii U and Gamecube having the same generation gap as the Wii and N64, speculation began on the concept of Gamecube Virtual Console Games. It does make a lot of sense, the Wii had backwards compatibility with the Gamecube, so it did have every previous console represented on it. With the lack of Gamecube backwards compatibility on the Wii U due to how hard that would be to pull off in addition to Wii backwards compatibility, there is a good reason for Gamecube games to appear on the virtual console. With the fact that GBA games are now on the Wii U virtual console and Nintendo releasing an official Gamecube controller adaptor for the Wii U, Gamecube virtual console games are practically confirmed now, as the GBA and Gamecube were of the same generation and Nintendo now has to find some use for that adaptor beyond Super Smash Bros. So, here are ten Gamecube games I’d love to see on the virtual console sometime, in no particular order. 


1. Eternal Darkness: Sanity’s Requiem

This game was Nintendo’s first M rated game, and it was also their first horror game if I remember correctly. I’ve been thinking about trying out the horror genre with this game for a while now. What makes this game stand out besides the company that owns the IP is the sanity effects. You have a sanity meter in this game, if it goes down enough you get to experience horrifying sanity effects. They don’t just target the character you play as, they target the player themselves. That’s why I want to try out this game, it involves the player themselves indirectly, which is something I find fascinating. There’s also the scope of the game, you play as many different characters across all of human history, which sounds very promising in terms of cast and keeping the gameplay fresh. Also, this game has had such an unbelievably sadistic chain of events (one that would take a good amount of space to properly describe) happen to its sequel and later spiritual successor that it deserves a VC release.


2. Mario Power Tennis

Yes I know, ‘oh great another Mario game,’ well shut up its my list. I loved playing this on the Gamecube when I was a kid. For whatever reason, my copy of it vanished. I’d like playing this game again, it was a lot of fun. As the name declares, it’s a tennis game with Mario and the gang as your playable characters. It was a good tennis game, and a very funny one. Each character has a unique victory cut-scene after beating the tournaments, as does each combination of characters in Doubles. They tended to be very funny, it felt like a nice reward for beating the game with them. It also has special games that really make it feel like a Mario game, such as fighting against a giant mechanical Bowser. There were also unique power shots that could be used by each character that were fun to use. Okay fine the real reason I want this is pure nostalgia, that’s half of what the VC is meant for anyway.


3. Skies of Arcadia: Legends

Like the Sonic Adventure games, Skies of Arcadia was a Dreamcast game that sought refuge on the Gamecube after it was discontinued in the form of an enhanced port with new features. I have a friend who has a Dreamcast and loves this game, she told me it was amazing and even showed me the first few minutes, which sold me on it (I discovered Jet Set/Grind Radio in a similar fashion). Its a JRPG about Sky Pirates, let me repeat that, sky pirates. I’m also familiar with the protagonist Vyse via Sonic and All-Stars Racing Transformed, where Skies of Arcadia provided one of the best race tracks. So with all the times I’ve seen this game mentioned and heard good things about it, it feels like a good move to play it. 


4. Billy Hatcher and the Giant Egg

For those unaware, Billy Hatcher and the Giant Egg is a 3D platformer made by Sega where you’re in a magical Rooster Suit. You did not misread the last three words of that sentence, the main character gets his powers from wearing a rooster suit. Despite being made by Sonic Team, its more like Super Mario 64/Sunshine in pace, you go around one of the areas and complete a mission to snag an emblem, each area has their own theme and multiple missions, not all of which have to be beaten to see the credits. What sets this one apart is the usage of eggs. You can use them to roll over enemies and pull off other platforming tricks, if you collect enough fruit you can hatch the egg, which will you give a little animal companion to fight with you. Yes its weird, its also awesome.


5. Chibi-Robo

A cult classic where you play as a tiny robot in an ordinary family household and do things to help the people in it. Its hard to describe the appeal of it, which is why I want to try it out. Its basically a game about helping people and I’ve heard it has a touching story. I don’t really have much to say about this game, it just sounds really interesting so Nintendo should make it easier for people to try it out. 


6. Sonic Heroes

I loved playing Sonic Heroes when I was younger, but like Mario Power Tennis I somehow lost it. Sega and Nintendo have formed a tight partnership recently, and the Gamecube was where it began to form. I liked the team mechanic in this game, it was kind of neat switching who took the lead based on what you had to do. I can also still remember the Seaside Hill music, the music being awesome is the one thing people agree on when it comes to Sonic. While it does feature Big the Cat in the second of his three playable appearances before Sega declared he would never be seen again and controversially changed Shadow from a one-shot character to a series regular, it did introduce Omega, who is awesome. While the Sonic Adventure games are more likely and more logical choices that I expect to see before this, Sonic Heroes shouldn’t be left out. 


7. Kirby Air Ride

Sakurai seems to be thinking back to Kirby Air Ride recently, with Rosalina’s trailer for SSB4 deceptively looking like a trailer for a new Kirby Air Ride game in the first few seconds and the new Smash Run mode in SSB4 explicitly being compared to Kirby Air Ride’s City Trial mode. So it makes sense for Nintendo to put it on the VC now that everyone is thinking back to it. The game seems interesting from what I’ve seen of it, and City Trial mode sounds like a lot of fun.


8. Custom Robo

I really wonder how I never heard of this game when I was a kid. Building your own robots and using them in battle is awesome. There’s really not much I can say about this game beyond that due to my lack of detailed knowledge on it, or need to really. Giant robots that you can build, what more do you want.


9. Viewtiful Joe

The Wonderful 101 introduced me to the work of Hideki Kamiya, and I have decided he is a genius. Viewtiful Joe was one of the games he produced back when he was working for Capcom as part of Clover Studios. I’ve also heard good things about Viewtiful Joe in general, so its clearly a game worth trying. Also, fun fact, Wonder-Cheerleader from The Wonderful 101 was confirmed by Kamiya to actually be Silvia from Viewtiful Joe, with the real name slightly altered because Capcom owns the IP.


10. Wave Race: Blue Storm

The Gamecube had lots of first party racing games, and Wave Race: Blue Storm was one of them. It was an aquatic racing game where each track had different variants depending on the weather, which sounds cool. It was one of the Gamecube launch games, so it’d be fitting if this returned to launch the Gamecube’s entry to the Virtual Console service. Also, using cheat codes unlocks the most motivating announcer in video game history, by being such a condescending *** you’ll feel motivated to win just to spite him. 



Obviously these aren’t all of the Gamecube games on the Wii U VC, just some that I would most certainly download. Hopefully by the time Gamecube games arrive on the Virtual Console it will have sped up with its release schedule, its currently updating at a very slow pace. So, that’s it for this blog, see you all in one that’s actually good.

          Uncool & 2 Old 4 School        

Damnit! I can't be seen in these coffee shops anymore... I don't like it. They make me feel... So much older...

Me: What the heck! You're just 22 years old, woman!

He: Ha ha ha...

She: I mean, you see these 'kids' all over the place now and they seem so full of life, drinking underage, exploring sexuality... And stuff...

Me: Well, you have a warped sense of the term 'full of life'... Because, it certainly is not what you miss doing, rather it's just being jealous of never being able to do any of those things...

He: Huh?

She: True, I've never been adventurous or impulsive, but something about these kids makes me feel like I'm incomplete... And no, it isn't a philosophical argument about a glass being half-full/half-empty shit. It's just the lack of ever thinking, 'Hey! I could do this!'... And now it's years too late...

Me: Do you at this point of time really envy these kids? The 15 year old girls with weirdly thin, weak and frail bodies and pants way too low? Or the guys with starter caps and jeans that are just begging to be pantsed?
And you really need to define 'years too late', because from where I stand, I know that you can still get into a nightclub without having to try to act cool, or even sit morosely at a secluded seat at a club, or even tire from dancing for 10 minutes straight.
It isn't the ability at question here. It's the choice...
You'd much rather be a different person, choosing maturity, over being one of the minnows...

I mean, look around! These kids are a new generation by themselves. Gone are the days when a generation gap lasted about 10 years, because it's now not more than 4-5 years...
And every generation has a faithful pack of lemmings, each one trying to look like the other, Every one of them patronizing a washed-up rockstar, looking scruffy just to get noticed and with no regard for hygiene or well-kept hair...

It is NOT a conspiracy. The only reason they're all around you talking about how cool they are, is because they probably are... You just choose to discuss other things at the same place, with like minded people. Why does that make you feel angry or left out?

So what you need to tell yourself now is, different is not necessarily bad... It's just a phase...
And you really ought to leave the worrying about aging when you're almost 40, and please make sure I'm nowhere near you by then.

He: Heh... Yeah. That's what I meant to say...

(At this point, you'd naturally expect sense to be driven home, while worry takes a momentary trip to incognito... Alas, it isn't just a question of what you're talking about, but who you're talking to as well...
And you realise that when you made friends back in the days, you weren't as wise.
And in that select group, are people who just want to be heard, with no regard for what you have to say.)

She: Ah yes... I understand...
Oh my God! A whole bunch of school kids just walked in... I'm never going to enjoy a coffee at one of these places ever again... I mean, I just feel soo...

Me: Don't say it!
What the heck!
You're just 22!!

Damn! Never again...

          Empty Nest Syndrome        
When my kids were smaller - baby and toddler age - there were times when I felt I needed some alone time.  That they were not independent enough and needed constant attention got to me a bit.  I remember my first holiday away from the family felt really good.  To be able to do what I wanted when I wanted was such a luxury.  Now my kids are older.  Not quite old enough to move out but old enough to keep themselves occupied, wash and change themselves and not quite needing so much attention anymore.  While it's good that they're learning to be independent, this I feel is the stage when everything can go horribly wrong when they hit teenage years.  It's so easy to take things for granted.  Time will pass and before we know it, the generation gap grows wider and wider.  Just a short time ago, mama and papa knew everything.  My son had even asked me once how is it I seem to know everything.  Now they know papa and mama don't have all the answers.  Soon, there will be a time when they think papa and mama don't know anything!

Not so long ago, my kids used to ask me to play with them.  Setting up the cake studio has taken a lot of time from them, or when we're together, I feel too tired to do much.  Or I'm trying to keep up with work at home.  Tonight, they've decided to follow my sis-in-law home for a sleepover so they can play with their cousins.  I'm really missing them now.  All alone at home and not quite knowing what to do with myself!  Horrors!

Lately, I've felt we haven't had much quality family time together.  There isn't anything other than watch movies at home together.  That is such a passive past time though.  I've offered to take kids to the park in the mornings but they're not really interested anymore.  Oh dear oh dear...  I really hope I won't be singing to myself "Slipping Through My Fingers" by Abba with a tinge of regret when my kids are all grown up.
          Creating Modern Kitchen and Bathroom Designs Using the Latest Technology and Cleaner Lines        

When it comes to designing your kitchen and bathroom, the generation gaps have seemed to narrow tremendously as time goes by.

Modern Kitchen

This year, more than ever, the latest trend is that contemporary design is in as far as kitchen and bathroom design is concerned. And the best way to take advantage of the latest contemporary trends is to look intothe modern pieces at Maestrobath to fulfill your needs.

Embracing Technology and Modern Kitchen and Bathroom Design

Technology is advancing at lightning speed. And it’s going to continue to change at a rapid pace. We have entered the age of technology and it isn’t going away anytime soon. As far as bathroom and kitchen design are concerned, it’s time to begin embracing technology and using it as part of our contemporary and modern designs.

Many homeowners are starting to take advantage of the incredible technology and putting it to good use in their homes. This is especially true when it comes to modern appliances.

As an example, let’s take the LG Smart ThinQ refrigerator.

This amazing piece of technology has many wonderful features that you should immediately start taking advantage of at your earliest convenience.

A favorite feature of ours is the LCD screen.

This screen is awesome because it actually lets you know the amount and type of food that you have inside of the refrigerator. You literally do not have to open the door to find out what’s inside the fridge. Isn’t that amazing!

Another awesome feature of the LCD screen is its ability to tell you which food is about to expire. Yes, you read that correctly! This screen can actually let you know the food that is about to expire inside of your refrigerator. And you can find out this valuable information without opening the refrigerator door and reading expiration dates on your packages. Kind of cool, right?

What else?

The LCD screen can help you prepare for shopping trips to the supermarket. The screen can tell you which ingredients you need to buy so that you can cook healthy meals during the week.

As you can see, technology is advancing faster than ever and it is making our lives easier than ever. Using today’s powerful technology as part of your contemporary and modern kitchen and bathroom design is absolutely amazing and something that everybody should do as soon as they get a chance.

Bathroom Design

Customizing Cabinetry and Other Eclectic Bathroom Trends

Creating modern bathroom design is also fun and exciting in today’s technological world.

Cabinetry customization makes it easy to create a spa-like ambiance in your bathroom. And it’s possible to do this by using high-tech cabinets that utilize therapeutic applications like hydrotherapy and aromatherapy.

This trend, in recent years, has begun to take effect and many homeowners are truly appreciating the benefits.

Bathroom cabinets are even starting to utilize digital technology as well. It’s easier to play music now than it has ever been. Bathrooms are making it possible to hook smart phones and MP3 players into music systems that you can enjoy while luxuriating in a warm bath. It’s truly amazing to see what technology can do. And it’s even helping create a more positive experience and a calming mental and emotional state within the home.


Using modern technology to create amazing kitchens and bathrooms is the latest trend happening today. Take advantage of this excellent opportunity to experience the wonderful benefits.

Author Bio

Wendy is a super-connector with OutreachMama and Youth Noise NJ who helps businesses find their audience online through outreach, partnerships, and networking. She frequently writes about the latest advancements in digital marketing and focuses her efforts on developing customized blogger outreach plans depending on the industry and competition. You can contact her on Twitter.

          S3E17: Youth Is Overrated with Brenda Lozano        

Colin Marshall sits down in Mexico City's Colonia Roma with novelist and essayist Brenda Lozano, author of the Todo Nada and contributor to Letras Libres. They discuss the space Spain's troubles have opened for Latin American literature; the passion for Shakespeare and Oscar Wilde she learned from one particular teacher; how she began seriously reading in English, and only later in her native Spanish; the difference in enjoyment of Spanish versus English literature, and how the languages ultimately behave like two different animals; the importance of the pleasure of reading, as well as the acknowledgment thereof; poetry as pure sugar; Mexico City's combination of high culture and bad parties; how, when she began writing essays, she found ways to have a good time writing about even assigned topics, and what it revealed about the general skill of having a good time wherever you happen to go; the three years of her early twenties she spent writing a "terrible novel," and what they later gave Todo Nada; her conviction of the overestimation of youth, which led her to build the novel around an aged character, but a young narrator; what could possibly be the sales pitch for Dorian Gray stockings; the newly widened Mexican generation gap; her need to "close the door" when writing, so literary influences like Jorge Luis Borges or Clarice Lispector can't step right in; her first, worldview-changing encounter with Fernando Pessoa, when she asked, "Is this literature?"; what she felt standing next to a wax Octavio Paz; the current absence of non-wax literary fathers; her Mexico City literary community, a group of argumentative friends; getting to know places through literature, like Japan through Banana Yoshimoto, 1930s Los Angeles through John Fante, or indeed Mexico City through Roberto Bolaño; and, despite her having been born and raised there, her continued excitement about writing in Mexico City.

          Retrogaming vs. Modern Gaming - Episode #08        
GAME ON! We’re bridging the generation gap this week… the game console generation gap, that is. I’m joined by my […]
          â€œBridging” the generation gap        

Snooker is coming to Humber.

On May 31, the college will play host to the Richler Cup semi-finals and finals. Players from all over the world – including Brazil, Israel and Belgium – will take over the North Campus lecture theatre for one afternoon.

Snooker is a game played on a billiard table with 15 red balls, six different-coloured balls and one white ball (the cue ball). Each coloured ball is worth certain points. The object of the game is to alternately sink the red and coloured balls. The game ends when there are no balls left on the table.



  a stone bridge石桥 (不能说 a stones bridge)
  a meeting room会议室 (不能说 a meetings room)
  morning exercise早操 (不能说 mornings exercise)
  a story book故事书 (不能说 a stories book)
  a coffee cup咖啡杯 (不能说 a coffees cup)
  a baby girl女婴 (不能说 a babies girl)
  a school gate校门 (不能说 a schools gate)
  eye drops眼药水(不能说 eyes drops)
  test paper考卷(不能说 tests paper)
  book report读书报告(不能说 books report)
  train station火车站(不能说 trains station)
  plane ticket机票(不能说 planes ticket)
  pocket money零花钱(不能说 pockets money)
  generation gap代沟(不能说 generations gap)
  1. 有些只有复数形式的名词,则用复数作定语。如:
  goods train货车clothes shop服装店
  an arts degree文科学位customs officer海关人员
  2. 有些习惯上要用复数的名词也用复数作定语。如:
  sports car跑车 savings bank储蓄银行
  3. 当 man, woman 用于名词前作定语表示性别时,若被修饰的名词为复数,则 man, woman 也要用  复数。如:  men nurses男护士 women doctors女医生
  4. 有时复数名词作定语可视为复数名词所有格作定语的省略形式。如:
  a teachers college师范学院(teachers 等于 teachers’)
  trousers pockets裤兜(trousers 等于 trousers’)
  eight hours sleep八个小时睡眠(hours 等于 hours’)
  a three weeks training三周训练(weeks 等于 weeks’)
  注:eight hours sleep 之类的说法,既可表达为 eight hours’sleep,也可表达为 an eight-hour

  a five-second pause一次五秒钟的停顿
  a ten-minute break一次十分钟的中间休息
  a two-hour exam一次两小时的考试



  1. 在通常情况下,如果没有相应的派生形容词,原则上可直接用名词作定语,或与之构成合成词。如:
  hair style发式tooth ache牙疼
  service counter服务台 cat food猫食
  bank account银行户头 car park停车场
  blood pressure血压birth control生育控制
  table tennis乒乓球labour force劳动力
  road works道路工程 winter sports冬季运动

  2. 如果名词有相应的派生形容词,则要注意分清两者在意义上的区别。试比较:
  (1) horror films恐怖影片 horrible films令人感到恐怖的影片
  (2) a wonder book一部充满奇事的书 a wonderful book一部奇妙的书
  (3) a stone path一条石板路a stony path一条铺满碎石的路
  (4) education experts教育专家(从事教育工作的专家)
  educational films教育影片(具有教育意义的影片)
  (5) gold reserve黄金储备 golden sunshine金色阳光
  (6) silver coins银币silvery hair银白的头发
  (7) heart trouble心脏病a hearty welcome热情的欢迎
  (8) snow mountain雪山 snowy table-cloth雪白的桌布
  (9) rain drops雨滴 rainy season雨季(指多雨的季节)
  (10) rose garden玫瑰园 rosy checks红红的面颊
  (11) colour film彩色电影colourful costumes色彩鲜艳的服装
  (12) mountain village山村(山里的村庄)
   mountainous region山区(多山地区)

 3. 有时在汉语看来,似乎要用形容词作定语,但英语习惯上却要用名词作定语。如:

  science fiction ç§‘幻小说 (不说 scientific fiction)
  because of health reasons因为健康原因(不说because of healthy reasons)
  health situation健康状况(不说healthy situation)
  health insurance健康保险(不说healthy insurance)
  convenience food方便食品(不说convenient food)
  convenience store方便小商店(不说convenient store)
  popular science books科学普及读物(科普读物)
  a long-distance call长途电话
  first-class tickets头等舱机票
  a deep-sea diver深海潜水员
  a full-page advertisement整版广告
  one-way traffic单向交通
  present-day life现今的生活
  a part-time job部分时间的工作
  day-to-day teaching日常教学
  one-parent families单亲家庭
  a family-dinner party家庭宴会
  a baby girl一个女婴(baby 是描写性定语,不重读)
  well water井水(well 是限制性定语,须重读)

          Kingdom Come        
Kingdom Come
author: Elliot S. Maggin
name: Chris
average rating: 4.49
book published:
rating: 5
read at: 2008/02/10
date added: 2014/06/26
shelves: fantasy, apocolypse, top-shelf
This novel is, of course, based off the outstanding graphic novel done by Mark Waid and Alex Ross, and is its equal in every way. While it may not have the visuals that the comic provided, it adds a depth of detail to the story that the comic simply couldn't reach. For my money, they're both outstanding. And if you can find a copy of the full cast audio book, do it.

So, after that gushing praise, what is it all about?

It's about the darkest days of the super-heroes. The End Times. The unpleasant future of the DC Universe.

In this not-so-distant future, the metahumans rule the world. Not officially, of course - we still have the United Nations and the President and all that, but for all intents and purposes, the "super-heroes" are the masters of the planet. They battle and rumble with abandon, concerned not with truth, justice and the American way, but with who's the toughest guy on the block. Some of them are new, many of them are the children and grandchildren of the heroes and villains of today.

They are powerful, they are beautiful, they are perfect. Now law can touch them, and no authority can confine them, and the once-prized concept of human achievement has nearly vanished.

From all of this does Armageddon come. Norman McCay, a pastor at a church in Metropolis and a man who's faith has all but gone, is chosen by The Spectre - a spirit of vengeance answerable only to God - to guide him through the events to come. These two witnesses tell our story of how the world became the way it did, and watch as the earth is nearly ripped apart in the battle between super-humans.

It's an awesome book. It touches on several very powerful themes, the least of which is the role of the super-human in a human world. When you have guys like Superman, who can bend steel around his finger, what does that do to the achievements of an Olympic weightlifter? How must the drivers of the fastest vehicles on Earth feel when they're outpaced by The Flash? These people can - and have - re-order the universe itself, so how are we supposed to live, knowing that even at our best, we can never come close to matching these living gods?

Of course, there is the major theme - the generation gap. The older heroes have left the stage, going into retirement or seclusion, because the world has changed around them. Their kids and their successors have become adults, and they have chosen a different moral path than the heroes that we know and love. Human life is no longer sacred, and higher ideals have been thrown aside. With a definite focus on Superman, the book looks at how one can deal with this - you can either hide from it, or try to force it to revert to the way you remember. Neither option is good, and so a third option must be found.

Then of course there is the idea of friendship. Superman, Batman and Wonder Woman are the iconic trio of the DC Comics universe, and despite their differences they are, ostensibly, friends. While the events of Identity Crisis a couple of years ago nearly cracked that friendship apart, this work tried breaking them up long before. They each react differently to the new world in which they live, and those differences are almost insurmountable.

If you're a fan at all of comic books, read this. And read the original graphic novel, because Alex Ross' work is indescribably beautiful. Then find the audio book and listen to that.

No pressure.

          "The lessons of the past are ignored and obliterated in a contemporary antagonism known as the generation gap." - Spiro T. Agnew        
"The lessons of the past are ignored and obliterated in a contemporary antagonism known as the generation gap." - Spiro T. Agnew
          LES MAUVAISES HERBES (Bad Seeds) My New Favorite Movie!        


LES MAUVAISES HERBES, directed by Louis Bélanger and written by Louis Bélanger, Alexis Martin, and starring Alexis Martin, Gilles Renaud, Emmanuelle Lussier-Martinez, Luc Picard... is my new favorite movie!! And as of the time of the Santa Barbara Film Festival, it has no U.S. distribution yet. WTF?!

I got up at 7:45 am for the 8:30 screening. It was a full house - the movie had its world premiere in Santa Barbara that weekend. I want everyone to see this movie! I laughed hard and giggled with delight and cried a little too. It's a farce set in the woods in a Quebec winter. The Q&A with Bélanger and festival programmer Michael Albright is below.


Bélanger, who lives in Quebec, spoke pretty good english with so much enthusiasm and energy. He got up to thank everyone after the ovation and immediately spoke about his movie: I wanted to do something about what happens if you put a street wise guy with a rural wisdom guy. If you put them together for a whole winter, what would happen, what would be their daily life? When I started to write the project I realized that they get along quite fast. So I had to have this young girl that kind of gives another push to the script. It gives another drive to the film. And then we would be able to talk about this generation gap. 

Albright: I appreicate the mix between drama and comedy. I know you have influences with the Czech new wave and I think it's just a brilliant balance. How do you get that tone just right?

 Bélanger: It's not easy because right at the beginning, the distributors and people who finance the film always care when you say you want to have a few different tones. Because people want to put your film in a box. 'Is it a comedy, is it a drama? When you start to say, “We're gonna mix all of them,” they feel uncomfortable with this. But, I strongly believe that it is possible. It's just a matter of writing it and directing it...I like it when you laugh after you almost cry.  When I was studying at the film school, I wasn’t going there that much. Right beside the street there was a cinemteque. It was two bucks to go there, so basically I spent all of my university years not in school but at the movies. I was some sort of rat over there. We were having fun seeing films, going to the bar and discussing it, seeing some girl thinking one day we would be "cineaste" that was the perfect school for us. 

Albright: What are the logistics of filming with marijuana?

Bélanger: I was a bit naive. I thought it would be really cheap to film because it’s mostly one location and a few exteriors. but we had the weed which was 2000 plants. And it’s really 4x2000 because they’re at different lengths throughout the film. It was the metaphor, the friendship growing during the weed growing. Plus, it was the coldest winter we had since we have been recording the winter forecast. It was minus 35 most of the day. If it would have been real pot, we probably would have lost the entire thing almost ten times. Because we lost electricity, it was a nightmare. I thought we could get medical marijuana to donate but they said this is for medicine not cinema. I said, "ok ill go to hells angels," my producer said, "you don’t want to deal with those people they don’t provide receipts.” The artistic director said, “please stop thinking about it i’ll take care of it. It's gonna be plastic.”

An audience member asked about distribution for the film. The answer shocked me since the movie is so good.

Bélanger: Distribution is breaking my heart all the time. The film will be released in Canada on the 7th of March…. But the problem is to encourage the distributor that the people want to see different films and foreign films. I know that your people are curious and we have to convince the distributor that he has to make people see other films. Plus the thing is, once the distributor gets back his investment, usually they stop working on the film. It’s tough as a director because you always have to be bugging them, on the phone saying ‘Please, submit the film to festivals.’ I’m not that type of guy. I don’t want to be the guy who’s moaning and complaining and saying… in that situation I say well let's work on the next project because I don’t want to get depressed about distribution. It's always the big battle for me. I know people will come to see the film its just a matter of providing the film. 

I wrote the script with the guy who embodied the character of the actor. It's our 3rd film together. We made one documentary and two fiction films together. He usually writes plays, so I try to tell him, go with your ideas, Il'l do the cinematic aspects. We always try to not give everything to the audiences right at the start, it’s always fun to discover a character in some sort of mutation. When you think you know a character, there’s a scene coming that will give you new information about the character. its fun when you are in an intellectual process while viewing a film.

On casting: I never do casting. For my entire career this is my 9th fiction film, because I know the actors in Quebec, I go often to theatre, I also direct theatre, and I’m a family man with my actors. The guy who embodies Simone, this is our 5th film together. The two goons, we have done 3 films together. Most of those people, they are not only actors — I go fishing with them, we play petanque, we eat together, i know their girlfriends or wives… for me, being a filmmaker is not a way of earning my living, it’s a way of living. Those people became my friends and I say "I’ve got this project." You know I read this book - Jacques Cassavetis? Basically he was working with his friends. Only the younger girl, she’s 26 and I’m 50 so we don’t speak very much. That was her first feature film. I knew with her audition right away we had her because she can confront, and she’s not trying to seduce them. And young actresses often try to seduce their partner or the camera or even the director, and I’m searching for realism that is not seducing so she fit perfectly. 

          #TBT on THC: Scott Baio's After-School Drug Special Is (Surprisingly) Weed's Best Sales Pitch        
Main content tbt on thc scott baio  wide

The United States’s sordid history with drugs haunts the country to this day, infecting much of the deep-seeded tensions regarding race and class, not to mention the country’s historically radical generation gap. In our column #TBT on THC, we parcel through the canon of American anti-weed propaganda of yesteryear — from “Reefer Madness” to “Just Say No” and D.A.R.E. — and analyze their content and context from the perspective of the present.

Some anti-drug films aim to teach you a lesson, perhaps by exploiting your empathy. Others attempt to scare you, often by fudging the data. Occasionally, you get yourself a film that can do both, and these tend to be of the “educational” variety, designed to be shown in schools to a larger student body. They more closely resemble a TV movie, often shown as after-school specials, but with the explicit intention of having moral value, of synthesizing the power of storytelling into a utilitarian tool.

Stoned (1980) is the propaganda equivalent of an arthouse drama, starring child actor turned nightmarish Trump clown Scott Baio. When the film opens, we first see Baio’s Jack rowing a boat while his brother swims laps around him. Jack is a campus dork, dependent on his cooler older brother, Mike, to usher him into the social ecosystem. Early on, we see Jack bugging his brother on their way to school about whether they can have lunch together, with Mike sternly reminding him that come next year — once Mike is off to college — Jack will have to find a social circle of his own.

We learn that Mike is a beloved swimmer, on his way to the state championships. During a conversation around the dinner table — which alludes to Mike and Jack’s dead mom with enough casualness for me to momentarily posit that they murdered her — we see their father goading his son’s future in the Olympics, and all but ignoring Jack’s high academic marks. It is a classic case of physical attributes winning out over intellectual vigor, a dynamic that the film subverts by grounding the brothers’ relationship with genuine affection.

While Jack is succeeding in school, a failed attempt to court Felicity, his campus crush, leads the kid to his first encounter with drugs. And as is the case with most anti-drug propaganda, the moment of truth is inevitably a pretty tame affair. After a single toke under a campus tree, Jack almost instantaneously gets the munchies. Overnight, he goes from mathlete to future hacky-sack fanatic, with no sense of in-between to be found. Soon enough, Jack is stoned all the time: in class, where he once was the apple of his teacher’s eye; at home, where his brother begins to suspect something; and socially, managing to woo his crush with a newfound sensibility that she can’t quite put her fingers on. She went from finding him awkward and unappealing to goofy and light, with seemingly no idea what could be responsible for the switch.

Going in, I was prepared to eyeroll the film, largely thanks to its including one half of Joni Loves Chachi — rarely a recipe for anything but disaster. But Baio is somehow able to actually come across as a real person. How he manages to charm Felicity with literal dad riddles and a deadass pantomime is beyond me, and leads me to think that there might be a B-Plot in which the entire school is actually being pumped full of THC. Something about Baio’s stoned boyishness manages to actually make him a sympathetic character. His charm doesn’t feel forced or curated specifically as a vessel for moral telegraphing. He comes across bafflingly enough as a real person.

Stoned aired as part of ABC’s famous series of After-School Specials, which had an impressive 25 year run between 1972 to 1997. And, in some ways, it taps into the kind of adolescent charm that Baio displayed on Happy Days. That show was a nostalgia trip meant to quell the nerves of an older generation watching their country change before their very eyes. Going into the 1980s — Stoned aired in November of 1980 — these specials functioned much the same: a dam meant to hold back the flood of change the country was bearing witness to.

The film keeps things vague; the wisdom shared doesn’t fully amount to much. “If you just avoid your problems instead of just facing them,” Jack’s teacher, Doug, tells him, “then you’re never going to know how to deal with them.” Just what these problems are, or what that sentiment even means, remain unexplored. It might be social anxiety and isolation; living in the shadow of an older brother who made me scream “daddy!” on more than one occasion; maybe it’s a mix of all three. But what makes the film work is that it largely avoids hysterics. The effects of weed aren’t made to seem like negatives, but rather something of a performance enhancing drug. After getting into marijuana, Baio’s Jack transforms into a more confident version of himself, and finds a way to actually come into his own personhood with little-to-no anxiety.

Still, Stoned is at least intended to be an anti-drug film through and through. When Jack goes back on the water with his brother, but smokes right before, you can see where the film is going after half-an-hour foreshadowing a promising swimming career. But aside from that minor tragedy, the film’s main failure is that Baio comes out best when he takes a hit. His goofiness is unlocked, and I for one found it bizarre that someone might watch this and not be smitten by what weed could do for them. It’s a strange note for the film to leave us with: the story of someone who should have known better, but then becomes better. Even with its airing at the top of the 1980s, the film can’t fully undo the prior decade’s liberation of drug taboos. And at his worse, Baio can’t help but look like he might just end up with flowers in his hair.

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          ESC 2016 - Norway        
Our big night ... !! :-D

OK, starting well ... funny in a way that is actually pretty funny, while also poking fun at the Swedes. I like it.

Now up from the submarine and onto the Oslo Spektrum stage. Nice segue. And, haha, they've got impersonators. A not very convincing Conchita and Lordi. This is a really cool introduction, better than they've had for a while. Cool. Maybe it wasn't such a bad idea to hire Jan Fredrik Karlsen.

I have to say that if they cut out the national semifinals and instead put their energy and resources into making an intro to the show of this quality, then I totally support it.

A glimpse from the eighth Lithuanian semi which is going on right now. Eight, that is a lot ... !!

Going over the rules ... and we're going to be allowed to vote from the beginning of the show again, I resent that. Should definitely change that back. >:-(

Song #1: Laika by Tonje Gjevjon, performed by The Hungry Hearts feat. Lisa Dillan. Now this is MGP!! Oh my fucking god. What is this. We are confused. How can anyone think that this could have any potential ... like, anywhere? :-o A good thing too! We're laughing our heads off now, but we don't have to be the laughing stock of Europe if we don't need to. I wonder if their English pronunciation really is that bad, or if it's supposed to sound like they have Russian accents? Sheesh. At least they have zero chance of getting anywhere since ANYTHING else will have to be better than this.

Maybe I already should have mentioned that I haven't heard any of the songs yet, just snatches of them. So these are totally my first impressions. :-)

Song #2: Into the Fire by Torstein Flakne, Anne Judith Wik, Mark Spiro and Hallgeir Rustan, performed by Stage Dolls. About what you'd expect from this band. Fine. A perfectly acceptable rock song, but with very little personality. Not what you'd call catchy. We wouldn't get anywhere with this, but we wouldn't make fools of ourselves in any way either. So far my favorite by about 1000 percent.

Song #3: Traces by Stine Hole Ulla, Ingrid Skretting and Trude Kristin Klæboe, performed by Stine Hole Ukka. A Disney-style ballad, apparently. Very pretty singer, with HUGE eyes. One of the songwriters was in the grade below me at school, uninterestingly enough. Pretty good voice. Peculiar presentation, if I'm being diplomatic. Ooh, but very pretty with all the lights in the audience. A enjoyable ballad although comparing it to your average Disney is overstating it a bit. Singer rather dull and anemic. Probably my new favorite now, although I would to be honest prefer to not vote for any of these. Fingers crossed.

Song #4: Stand Up by Danne Attlerud, Michael Clauss and Thomas Thörnholm, performed by Makeda. Now this one I quite expect to like. The singer has a pretty good voice and I think she'll have much more energy on stage. She does ... but her outfit is horrendous. Out of this world hideous.  And she's surrounded by guys in snazzy formal suits. Bizarre. What is this song about ... I can't pay attention to the lyrics, I'm so distracted by her clothes. OMG. Who would allow her to be seen in public like this?? :-o The song isn't half bad - I think, I could hardly hear it over her outfit. :-o

trilltrall is having an attack of sudden anger every three minutes because he's so annoyed by Karlsen popping up in all the artist presentations. He's shouting at the screen, "I want to SHOOOT you!!" :-D

Song #5: Anyway by Tommy Nilsen and Ronny Nilsen, performed by Pegasus. A power ballad performed by ... poodle rockers, apparently. Actually not half bad. This show is on a rising curve, each song is better than the last. Or I should say "better". ;-) I could vote for this. In fact I think I will vote for this ... but will have to consider the other half of the entries first. But so far this is the best, IMO. Although of course there is nothing so far that has a snowball's chance in hell in Stockholm. :-)

Ooh, pyrotechnics ... ! trilltrall wants us to just send the pyrotechnics show and forget about all the songs.

Song #6: Feel da Rush by Fredrik Auke, Simen Auke, Mikkel Christiansen, Trond Opsahl and Christoffer Huse, performed by Freddy Kalas. KAS and trilltrall are rooting for this because the singer is from Drammen apparently. And he's one of the favorites. But his likely victory will be prevented by the professional juries, because although this is fun and very catchy, we would of course be thrashed to within an inch of our lives in Stockholm. :-D He gets the arena going like crazy though. I kind of like this, but it's very embarrassing to hear a Jamaican accent from such an extremely white person. But this guy obviously doesn't care about embarrassing himself ... or us. :-D

Can I mention as I do every year that it's SO annoying that NRK allow more than six people on stage. It's actually a kind of fraud, IMO.

Song #7: Afterglow by Laila Samuelsen, The Beatgees and Jan Weigel, performed by Laila Samuels (obv. the songwriter's stage name). Very good presentation. I like her voice. Energetic performance. Beautiful melody, maybe not super memorable ... but the half naked dancer cavorting among the audience may jog people's memories during the recap. And quite powerful while you're listening. So far at least this clearly gets my vote.

Song #8: History by André Lindahl, Jeanette Olsson and Michael Jay, performed by Elouiz. Pretty singer with excellent diction. Nice outfit, but weird presentation. Those store dummies are totally gonna start dancing at some point. I like her voice. Good melody. I really like the chorus here. Hm. This is actually quite good. This one or the previous entry ... we wouldn't have egg on our faces with either of these. Ooh, pyrotechnics ... !

Song #9: Anna Lee by David Bjoerk, Andreas Moe, David Eriksen and Alexander Austheim, performed by Suite 16. Norway's answer to One Direction, according to Karlsen. In other words, not my type of music. Never been the boyband type. But now am obviously no longer in the target audience. :-) Not sure how many of those who are actually watch this ... but they have a bunch of fans apparently, who call themselves "suitehearts" ... and the teenyboppers are the best, or alternatively worst, at voting in these sms vote things. Wild screaming in the audience. This is relatively catchy, but I still don't quite see it. Although I'm sure we wouldn't do badly with this.

Song #10: Icebreaker by Agnete Johnsen, Gabriel Alares and Ian Curnow, performed by Agnete Johnsen. I like it when people write their own songs in this contest. And this is another of the big favorites tonight. Well deserved, I'd say. Good song, well presented, pretty singer with a good voice and a good stage presence. Really nothing wrong with this, it just should have been a little catchier. But you can't have everything.

OK, that's the lineup. Now the first recap, Let me make my prediction for the first round. Four songs will get through, and my guess is that we'll be seeing again ... Freddy Kalas, One Direction Suite 16, and two female soloists. Laila Samuels and Agnete Johnsen, probably.

Awesome interval entertainment - Kate Gulbrandsen performing Mitt liv ... ! trilltrall is beside himself with happiness, singing along and cheering. Wow. He's four years older than KAS and me, I guess this is evidence of the generation gap, because we totally don't know the lyrics to that song by heart. :-D Ooh, and our performers from last year with their beautiful A Monster Like Me. This time with NRK's full choir. Stunning song that gets better every time I hear it. And Debra looks amazing, even better than in Vienna.

So I've done my civic duty - I've sent five votes each for Afterglow and Icebreaker. Fingers crossed we won't make fools of ourselves in Stockholm. That's really all I ask. KAS demands that we get to the final too, but that's really more than I sign up for. We're Norway. All we can ask is not to totally embarrass ourselves. We may not get even that wish ...

Second recap, but it's too late, the first round of voting is over.

The four "gold finalists" are in ... !! Oh, the excitement. Afterglow!! Yes! Laila performs again, entry still excellent. :-)

Second finalist ... Anna Lee. No surprise there. I like this idea of having some of the performers' most obsessive fans making a speech to appeal to the audience before the second performance. :-) Wow, these kids can't sing for shit.

Third finalist - Icebreaker! Yes! Again no surprise. My powers of perception are excellent tonight. Agnete's speechmaker isn't a fan but a former coworker of some kind. He is less certain of victory than the other two, probably more realistic. :-)

The fourth and last finalist - Feel da Rush. I knew it. OMG this idiot. Please, professional jury members, save us from this total embarrassment. Ha ha, his biggest fans are ten years old! :-D But his speechmaker was the best of the bunch. :-D But that accent ... ! To be fair though he always sings in Norwegian, this is his first ever song in English. No excuse, but maybe an explanation. ;-)

Third recap. I've sent five votes for Afterglow. But I'll be happy with any of these entries except for Feel da Rush. 75% chance of a positive result as far as I'm concerned. And I trust in the professionals. :-)

More of this wonderful interval entertainment, I love it! We've seen a lot of glimpses of MGP history so far, but I've missed Voi voi, and here it is. A tribute duet to Nora Brockstedt. Wonderful. And now other classics. Wow, trilltrall knows a lot of these old GP lyrics, I'm impressed. A hidden side to him is revealing itself. :-D Oh, Optimist ... !! We all know the lyrics to that one ... ! :-D And while we're on the subject of Jahn Teigen ... :-D Will we see him on stage?? It's the 40th anniversary of Voodoo, after all ... :-o Yes, the man himself ... ! :-D

I love this. All the dancers are jumping around like crazy and Teigen is just standing there. That's all he has to do. He's the man! :-D He just accepting the adulation. :-) An applause for Jahn Teigen - definitely!!

And now the votes are in. Oh, I forgot - now they're keeping all their votes from the first round too. Now there's a thought. Going to the first part of the country, Midt-Norge ... and they've got Icebreaker on top, quite significantly ahead too. I'm getting a feeling about that song. It'll probably be our entry. Northern Norway have the songs in the exact same order as Midt-Norge ... and Agnete is a northerner so she gets lots of votes from there. LOTS! Wow! :-o The south country next ... Icebreaker on top, again significantly ahead. But there's most people live in the east country and of course this is where Freddy Kalas is from ... KAS says that maybe we will give him a hundred thousand votes and he'll win at the last moment. Fingers crossed that we won't ... ! :-D

Do they add the first sets of votes at the end? And do we even have professional juries this year?? :-o

The west country have Icebreaker on top too, quite a bit. But now the east country ... ! Well, it won't be Afterglow, alas. Come on, Icebreaker ... ! Wow! Almost 20 000 votes ahead of Feel da Rush in second place. Yes!! We have chosen an excellent entry! Is this really Norway? The fourth really good song in a row! :-D

Aw, and she's so happy. This was a good choice all round. We will definitely not make fools of ourselves this year. My wish came true! :-D
          Abstracts of Keynote Talks & Paper Session        

Keynote Talks

Critical Pedagogy and the Politics of Knowledge
Sondra Hale, Research Professor
 University of California, Los Angeles

In this paper I discuss (1) forms and sources of knowledge, especially unrecognized forms of knowledge, subversive  knowledge, subjugated knowledge, and knowledge as resistance; (2) the ways in which we can innovate with that knowledge; and (3) the ways in which we can transmit that knowledge, i.e., referring to pedagogy—how we teach.  By “critical pedagogy,” we refer to a method for figuring out how to bring the specific context to life.  I argue, like Paulo Freire, that pedagogy is a form of resistance and insurrection, and a generator, not only a purveyor, of knowledge.  Because much knowledge comes from within, the task of the teacher, the mentor, and the community activist is to facilitate that process of bringing knowledge to the surface and then putting that knowledge into action. 
            We can transmit knowledge in very diverse ways:  for example, through our technologies, our arts, media, and culture, through hermeneutics (interpretation of texts), academic writings, propaganda, modelling, silence and body language and other unspoken messages.  We most conventionally think of the transmission of knowledge as a process of teacher-to-student.  However, pedagogy is not only a linear way in which we pass on knowledge, or receive it.  Something can happen to the knowledge in the process of the transmission; innovation can occur, and thus, changing knowledge in the process.  Therefore, we have to consider the ways in which we change not only the listener/viewer/student, but ourselves in the process because of what the listener/viewer/student might be giving back, but also because the context might be changing. 

Pedagogy, Technology and Culture - Using Service Learning and Appropriate Technologies for Capacity Building*
John Tharakan
Department of Chemical Engineering, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA

                        Pedagogies underpinned by service and experiential learning (SL), and incorporating appropriate technologies for community development, lend themselves to incorporation into engineering curricula to be made part of regular degree programs. This provides a mechanism to grow and expand human capital that can enhance capabilities and leverage engineering education for capacity building. SL involves students in course based service activities that combine service efforts with academic experience. Students can be provided the opportunity to reflect on the service, formalizing the service learning.  It appears that the lack of engagement of educational curricula and institutions by governments, especially and most particularly in developing countries, to leverage national and private educational efforts to enhance capacity building activities has had unfortunate consequences, resulting in brain drain, underdevelopment and reduction in sustainable development capacity.  Pedagogies based on service can build capacity in rural communities, as the Engineers Without Borders Chapter of Howard University has demonstrated with the Choimim community in the Nandi Hills of northwestern Kenya. The service project focused on providing sufficient and clean water to the community, while also building community capacity to expand appropriate technologies for water sourcing and treatment.  Such projects can be implemented within the framework of SL courses focused on water resources, storage, treatments and conservation technologies. The presentation will argue for integration of community-based SL courses into engineering curricula, showing how this has built capacity in a poor developing community. We suggest broad implementation of such a model across engineering programs in developing countries can lead to substantial increases in capacity building capabilities.
*An earlier version of this paper was originally presented at:
International Engineering and Technology Education Conference, 2013 (IETEC 2013)
Ho Chi Minh City, November 3 – 6, 2013, and published in the Proceedings of IETEC 2013

Education, innovation and development in Sudan
Mohamed El Amin Ahmed El Tom
Garden City College for Science & Technology, Khartoum, Sudan

Education plays a key role in the development of individuals and society. Sudan’s educational system is characterized by low access rates, significant regional and urban-rural disparities in educational provision and poor quality. The implied challenges cannot be addressed effectively using traditional approaches. Two innovative models that address similar challenges are presented.

Sudanese Medicine: An Alternative Educational Model
Professor Ahmad Al Safi
Sudan Medical Heritage Foundation, Khartoum, Sudan

Medical education in Sudan is passing through several and profound changes that weakened patient care, disturbed public trust, and downgraded the country’s reputation. The educational institutions have increased in number in an unprecedented rate, and the number of biomedical students increased proportionately. Physicians emigrated in large numbers, and those who stayed behind drifted to the private sector. Institutions lost teachers, trainers, and mentors. The generation gap widened. The demography of students changed and so were the ways of acquiring and exchanging knowledge.
National expenditure on medical services, medical research, teaching and training is the lowest in the world. The network of medical services, preventive medicine, environmental and community health almost collapsed. The public grew more informed of their right to health; they demanded better care, and litigations increased.
Paradoxically, the system of medical education is still callous to these changes, and is not relating medical practice to its historical beginnings or social realities. Biomedicine is enhanced by gaining knowledge of the social history of its ideas. Without belittling the importance of acquiring ample amount of biomedical knowledge, the model takes students into a different path. Students are provided with new material that helps them develop deeper insight of the community they live in, and stimulate them to develop critical awareness of indigenous knowledge.  They are encouraged to appreciate the riches of their indigenous (traditional) medical knowledge, and be open-minded and tolerant to the non-conventional medical systems. There is a lot to learn from the local heritage and the heritage of other nations if scrutinized rationally, objectively, and critically, and if the objective is to look for what is useful and appropriate.
This model hopes that medical curricula would be liberated from subordination to the systems that look down upon indigenous knowledge. To realize these goals, medical institutions are asked to open up dialogue with the social sciences that study people in their communities in health and disease. We need physicians who are culturally and socially competent, physician-philosophers who rise above the obsolete medical approaches, and who are capable of dealing with cosmic issues in illness and who relate patients to their cosmos.
The model stresses that physicians should be more sensitive to the syndrome of backwardness (disease, poverty, and ignorance), and aware of its political, social and economic implications. This model asks physicians to appreciate the fact that the conditions they and their patients live in are not inevitable and unavoidable. On the contrary, these conditions are destined to change and to the better, and physicians are capable of achieving this if they liberate themselves from bookishness and if they work in and with the communities they serve. To change these communities, physicians need to know these communities first.
We expounded this theme over the last forty years in different platforms and through different initiatives. We established Traditional Medicine Research Institute in 1981 and the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research in Traditional Medicine in 1984. We founded the Sudan Medical Heritage Foundation in 2005, and currently laying down the foundation of a Medical Archive and Documentation Centre. We contributed to the documentation of the Sudanese indigenous medical knowledge by publishing three seminal books: Native Medicine in Sudan, sources, concepts and methods (1970), Traditional Sudanese Medicine (1999), and Al Hakeem (2013). We wrote two prima fasciae in 1985. One asked universities to introduce medical anthropology as a discipline in Sudan, and the second requested the state to establish a national museum of health. And our published series on the lives and legacies of the notable Sudanese medical pioneers is building up steadily.
The impact of these initiatives and those of other workers, on the medical profession is evident. The fight for introducing indigenous medical knowledge to the academia as a field worthy of study is gradually gaining grounds. The Sudan Medical Council has defied all biomedical traditions and established Non-Conventional Medicine Directorate with a mandate to oversee the fields of traditional and alternative medicines. Ahfad University for Women is establishing the first department of Medical Anthropology in Sudan. More candidates are enrolling in MSc and PhD programmes in Medical Anthropology. Students and graduates of medicine and social sciences are visiting indigenous knowledge more than ever. Traditional Medicine Research Institute and Sudan Medical Heritage Foundation have started nuclei of museums of Sudanese medicine and health. Medical schools and specialist medical societies are taking studies in history of medicine and indigenous knowledge more seriously. They started to talk more about the milestones of their specialties.
To conclude, in this model, we do not assume that indigenous medical knowledge is superior to biomedicine, neither biomedicine superior to traditional knowledge. Instead, we believe that both systems have strengths that can help each other when they are invited to work together.
It has been said: “If we open a quarrel between the past and the present we shall find that we have lost the future.” I think we have enough quarrels, indeed, wars. We shouldn’t ask for more.

Mini-Sudan – a project for multiculturalism
Dr. Osman Elkeir
NewTech Consulting

Thereis a shear need for educating Sudanese about historic, geographic and cultural facts of their land, of arousing a sense of belonging and demonstrating the possibility of co-existence.
With the help of a surveyor, two industrial designers, a sculptor and a painter, in addition to civil and electric engineers and architects, work is proceeding in building a 3D model of Sudan. Twothings became crucial in the realization of this dream: Google Earth and Video Mapping and Projection.
On a plot of nearly two acres, and with a modest budget and simple means, a true representation of the terrain, as much as the scale permits, is molded in concrete and color. On this model the rich history of one of the most ancient civilizations on earth, the diversity of the cultural context and the natural setting will be revived. Visitors take a tour or may be seated within the model among screens and speakers for a thrilling edutainment experience. School kids return homewith jigsaw puzzles of the model, interactive CDs and published illustrated material. It is also hoped that future expansions will incorporate a data centre for digitally networking universities and research institutions, and a mobile version of the model that willreach out to remote areas.
Not completely finished, the model is already attracting an interest among experts who contemplate using it for producing scenarios such as birds in the Sudan, epidemics, climate change and water harvesting.

On any movie set, there's a lot of waiting around while scenes are set up or details are worked out. In this behind-the-scenes photograph from Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Zoe Saldana, Chris Pratt, and several other folks are busy on their phones, while Kurt Russell knows the real priority is to get enough sleep between takes. He is a wise man. -via reddit

          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by john f.        
Toad, contrary to the supposed truism that people start to get a little more conservative as they age, I've observed the opposite in many -- people who exhibit a strident, reactionary posture they believe is "conservatism" in their youth and young adulthood as their intellectual involvement consists primarily of parroting pretty extreme views of past opinion leaders but then, after learning more, gaining more experience, interacting with more of the downtrodden of the world (and, perhaps more importantly, seeing first hand what "the rich" are really like and how they've gotten their wealth), begin to become more open-minded, accepting, tolerant, and "liberal" toward the poor as they age.
          Comment on The Widening Mormon Generation Gap by Talon        
Michael H - I've been coming here a long time and my experience has been that defending your position be it conservative or liberal is perfectly acceptable using the scriptures, the words of modern prophets, or any other source up to and including your own personal experiences. What is not acceptable is to show up on this blog, have your paradigms challenged, and then call into question and/or call to repentance the permas and other commenters. It is perfectly fine to challenge their assumptions and the validity/merits of their arguments. It is not ok to call into question their testimonies and suggest that their exit from the Church, or their children's exit from the Church is desirable. This will ultimately get a person banned by Steve Evans, the Judge Dredd of this blog: Judge, Jury, and Executioner. Above all else we need to remember we are guests here and act accordingly.