RENUNGKANLAH SAUDARAKU SEMUA        
Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood, Menulis Hingga Nafas Berakhir
Ia mendapat ijazah dibidang Teologi Kristen. Namun pengetahuan Kristen-nya yang begitu mendalam menjadikan dia mencintai Islam. Ingin terus menulis hingga akhir hayat Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood dilahirkan pada tahun 1942 di kota London, Inggris. Ruqayyah merupakan salah satu penulis buku-buku Islam paling produktif. telah menghasilkan lebih dari 30 buku berkenaan dengan Islam. Buku-bukunya termasuk best seller dan menjadi referensi serta rujukan di berbagai negara. Awalnya dia dibesarkan dalam lingkungan Kristen Protestan. Nama asalnya ialah Rosalyn Rushbrook . Dia memperoleh ijazah dalam bidang Teologi Kristen dari Universitas Hull tahun 1963. Pengetahuan Kristennya begitu mendalam hingga dia menulis beberapa buah buku, tentang Kristen. Tapi rupanya, karena pengetahuannya yang begitu mendalam tentang Kristen pula yang menyadarkannya. Ia dapati ajaran Kristen telah banyak menyimpang, terutama yang berkaitan dengan konsep Trinitas. Akhirnya tahun 1986, diusia 44 tahun, dia memeluk Islam. Tahun 2001 dia dianugerahkan Muhammad Iqbal Awards karena sumbangannya yang tinggi dalam pengembangan metodologi pengajaran Islam. Bahkan Maret 2004 Ruqayyah terpilih sebagai salah satu dari 100 wanita berprestasi di dunia. Berikut rangkuman kehidupannya dikutip dari berbagai sumber. Orang beriman tak takut dengan penderitaan hidup; tak takut dengan kematian; juga tak takut dengan kehidupan setelah dunia ini; karena Allah bersama mereka. Mereka tak sendirian, Allah selalu menemani dan membimbingnya. Allah itu nyata, Dia menyayangi kamu. Dia mengetahui semua kesukaran yang kamu hadapi dalam perjuangan. Bahkan, jika kamu berbuat salah, Dia masih tetap mencintaimu.モ ~Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood~ Bait-bait kalimat di atas menggambarkan betapa teguhnya hati seorang Ruqayyah. Bait penuh makna itu diadopsinya dari ayat-ayat suci Al-Quran. Dia memang menumpukan setiap tulisannya dengan memasukkan petuah-petuah dari Al-Quran dan hadis Nabi Muhammad SAW. Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood yang diilahirkan tahun 1942 di London, Inggris, pada ada usia 8 tahun telah jadi seorang anak yang memiliki komitmen yang tinggi dengan Kristen sebagai hasil dari panggilan hatinya. Setelah menamatkan program sarjana ilmu teologi (1963) dan master bidang pendidikan (1964) dari Universitas Hull, dia selama hampir 32 tahun mengelola program studi ilmu-ilmu keagamaan di berbagai sekolah dan perguruan tinggi di Inggris. Dia menikah dengan penyair Georg Morris Kendrick pada tahun 1964. Dari perkawinannya dengan Georg mereka memiliki dua orang anak, Daniel George lahir 1968 dan Frances Elisabeth Eva lahir 1969. Tahun 1986 pasangan itu bercerai. Tahun itu pula masuk Islam dan tahun 1990 menikah lagi dengan pria keturunan Pakistan, Waris Ali Maqsood namanya. モSaat ini Islam dicap sebagai agama bermasalah. Sangat tidak adil. Karena itu saya berupaya menulis untuk memperbanyak literatur-literatur Islam. Harapa saya agar, melalui tulisan-tulisan itu, dapat membantu memperbaiki atmosfir yang kurang berpihak ke Islam,ヤ cetusnya. モSaya sangat tertarik menggeluti sejarah Islam, terutama tentang kehidupan wanita-wanita di sekitar Nabi Muhammad. Saya acapkali meng-counter kampanye anti Islam yang mendiskreditkan wanita Muslim,ヤ kata dia. Best seller Mau tahu seberapa produktifnya dia? Catat saja, sewaktu masih bernama Rosalyn Rushbrook dia menghasilkan 9 buah buku yang umumnya berisi isu agama. Dan satu volume buku kumpulan puisi. Lalu selepas hijrah ke Islam, dia menghasilkan sekitar 30 buah buku. Saat ini dia memiliki 9 buah buku yang masih dalam proses penerbitan. Dia juga menulis berbagai artikel di majalah maupun koran yang berkaitan dengan Islam dan Muslim. Salah satu sumbangannya yang paling penting bagi komunitas Islam adalah The Muslim Marriage Guide (Petunjuk Pernikahan bagi Muslim). Buku itu menjadi rujukan dan direkomendasikan, tidak saja untuk pasangan yang akan menikah namun juga bagi mereka yang telah lama mengarungi bahtera rumah tangga. Bagi kalangan non Muslim, terutama yang sedang mendalami Islam, tentu saja buku Ruqayyah menjadi referensi yang sangat berharga. Dalam buku yang bernilai tinggi itu dia menggambarkan kehidupan Nabi Muhammad SAW dan para sahabatnya dilengkapi dengan petunjuk, tatacara dan hukum perkawinan. Tak hanya dia juga menguraikan bagaimana pertalian suami istri dalam hal warisan dan sejenisnya. Jadi sangat terpadu dan lengkap. Ruqayyah pernah diundang oleh Hodder Headlines untuk menulis buku Islam for the World Faiths (Islam bagi Penganut Agama se-Dunia). Saat ini buku itu telah dicetak sebanyak tiga kali dan termasuk salah satu buku best seller. Tak hanya buku-buku kategori モberatヤ, dia juga menulis buku-buku tentang bimbingan konseling bagi remaja Islam. Juga ada beberapa buku saku, antara lain; a Guide for Visitors to Mosques, a Marriage Guidance booklet, Muslim Womenメs Helpline. Bukunya di Indonesia banyak diterbitkan oleh Mizan. Misalnya Menciptakan Surga Rumah Tangga. Lalu buku bimbingan untuk remaja berjudul Menyentuh Hati Remaja. Buku itu mengulas seputar solusi untuk mengatasi problema-problema remaja. モMengapa hidup kita di dunia ini kadang-kadang berlalu dalam keadaan sulit. Ada cerita terkenal tentang seorang petani Afrika yang menanam rami. Ia harus menanamnya dalam keadaan yang sulit, dengan kondisi tanah yang mematahkan punggung dan dengan sedikit hujan untuk menyiraminya. Ketika ia pindah ke tempat yang iklimnya lebih bersahabat, ia membawa beberapa tanaman rami tersebut, dengan pikiran bahwa tanamana ini akan mudah tumbuh di tempat yang baru. Ya, tanaman itu memang tumbuh, besar, hijau dan subur; tetapi ketika ia mencabut batang itu untuk mengeluarkan seratnya, ternyata batangnya tidak berisi serat kecuali ampas. Tanaman itu memerlukan kondisi sulit untuk mengembangkan kekuatan batangnya,ヤ tulis Ruqayyah dalam buku bimbingan remajanya, dengan perumpamaan yang gampang dimengerti remaja dan juga memberi motivasi hidup. Silabus Islam モSaya juga diminta menulis buku teks yang dipakai secara luas di Inggris selama hampir 20 tahun. Buku-buku teks itu dipakai oleh kalangan pribadi, muallaf, dan pelajar-pelajar sekolah umum dan madrasah. Tidak saja di Inggris tapi juga di beberapa negara lainnya,ヤ begitu katanya. Ya, memang Ruqayyah juga sibuk menulis buku-buku teks yang banyak dijadikan rujukan. Ia membantu mengembangkan silabus bagi pelajar sekolah agama, bekerjasama dengan dinas pendidikan setempat. Silabusnya tergolong unik, dibuat khusus agar pelajar mandiri. Jadi, tanpa guru atau fasilitas tetap bisa jalan. Silabusnya dirancang untuk pelajar sekolah dasar hingga perguruan tinggi. Menariknya lagi, bisa dipakai untuk pendidikan formal, non formal, misal di rumah, bahkan juga di penjara. Pokoknya untuk dimana saja. Menjadi tutor jarak jauh (distance learning) untuk Asosiasi Peneliti Muslim (AMR) adalah aktifitas lainnya. Aktifitas mengajarnya juga padat. Banyak negara telah disambanginya, diantaranya AS, Kanada, Denmark, Swedia, Finlandia, Irlandia dan Singapura. Ruqayyah juga mengajar di beberapa universitas yang ada di Inggris seperti Oxford, Cambridge Edinburg, Glasgow dan Manchester. Juga mengajar di School of Oriental and Arabic Studies di London. Atas aktifitas dan jasanya itu ia menerima Muhammad Iqbal Award tahun 2001 atas kreatifitasnya dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran Islam. Dialah muslim pertama Inggris yang pernah menerima anugerah bergengsi tersebut. Tak hanya itu, Maret 2004 Ruqayyah terpilih sebagai salah satu dari 100 wanita berprestasi di dunia. Dalam ajang pemilihan Daily Mailメs Real Women of Achievement, dia termasuk satu dari tujuh orang wanita berprestasi dalam kategori keagamaan. Menulis dan Terus Menulis Majalah Islam, Emel pernah menanyakan adakah ia merasa lelah dengan seabrek aktifitasnya itu serta bagaimana membagi waktu menulis dan mengurus rumah tangga, misalnya di kesibukannya dengan para cucunya. モSaya sangat ketat dengan waktu. Bertahun-tahun saya menjalani itu dan sudah jadi irama hidup saya, hingga semua jadi mudah. Saya biasanya menulis malam hari. Kala semua telah tidur, hingga tak ada yang mengganggu saya. Jam 4 pagi saya bangun untuk shalat subuh. Selepas itu saya tidur sejenak hingga jam 8 pagi. Beraktifitas lagi dan siangnya saya ambil waktu untuk istirahat,ヤ ujarnya. モKerja saya sehari-hari ya menulis. Kini ada lebih dari 40 buku telah diterbitkan. Belum lama saya telah menyelesaikan satu manuskrip yang sangat tebal tentang Kehidupan Rasulullah SAW. Buku berjudul モThe Life of Prophet Muhammadヤ itu diterbitkan oleh Islamic Research Institute of Islamabad tahun 2006 silam,ヤ katanya. Tentang pembajakan buku-buku, Ruqayyah mengaku sedih dengan tingginya kasus pembajakan buku terutama di negara-negara Islam. モKenyataan saat ini banyak buku-buku Islam yang dibajak dan pembajaknya adalah orang Islam sendiri. Sedih bukan? モ ujarnya risau. Tentang Yesus Dia memiliki pengetahuan Kristen begitu mendalam. Dengan pengetahuannya itu Ruqayyah bergerak atas inisiatif sendiri mencari kebenaran berdasar kajian-kajian ilmiahnya. Namun akhirnya dia meninggalkan agamanya itu setelah bergulat bertahun-tahun dalam pencarian atas pertanyaan-pertanyaannya tentang konsep teologi Trinitas. Dia tak menemukan apa-apa. Jadi Ruqayyah memeluk Islam murni berdasar latar belakang pengetahuannya dan kajian mendalam tentang ajaran ketuhanan, baik dalam Islam dan Kristen. Seperti kebanyakan muallaf lainnya, dia menyebut dirinya telah モkembaliヤ menjadi Muslim. Kini dia memperjuangkan Islam lewat tulisan dan buku-bukunya. Dalam sebuah wawancara dengan sebuah media, dia ditanya perihal konsep Islam tentang Nabi Isa yang dalam ajaran Kristen disebut Yesus. モDi negara Barat ada ajaran ilmu etika berinti pada cinta dan kasih Tuhan dan tolong menolong sesama manusia. Itu semua diajarkan juga oleh semua nabi termasuk di dalamnya, tentu saja, Nabi Muhammad SAW. Kami orang Islam juga meyakini Nabi Isa sebagai salah satu nabi yang diutus Allah,ヤ kata Ruqayyah. モSebelum Nabi Isa datang, nabi-nabi terdahulu membawa ajaran Yahudi. Kami juga beriman dengan nabi-nabi terdahulu yang diutus kepada umat-umat sebelum Islam datang, Yahudi adalah salah satu agama samawi juga. Nabi Isa datang membawa ajaran Kristen itu kami yakni juga. Kemudian Nabi Muhammad diutus Allah membawa ajaran Islam dan tugas Isa AS telah selesai, Jadi tidak seperti dipahami ajaran Kristen dengan konsep Trinitasnya yang menyatakan Yesus itu anak Tuhan. Dia memang dilahirkan dari seorang ibu, Maryam. Tanpa ayah. Jadi jangan lantas disebut sebagai anak Tuhan. Itu kuasa Allah. Jika Allah katakan モjadiヤ, maka jadilah,ヤ imbuhnya lagi. Apakah Nabi Muhammad diutus karena misi Nabi Isa dianggap telah gagal? Demikian cocoran pertanyaan menohok media tersebut. モKami tidak beriman dengan itu, bahwa misi Nabi Isa gagal. Kami beriman, dia (Isa AS) adalah salah satu utusan Allah yang terbaik bagi umatnya. Contoh dan tunjuk ajarnya ditiru oleh jutaan pengikutnya kala itu. Jika kemudian, umatnya rusak, itu bukannya karena ajaran atau misi Isa AS itu rusak lantas dikatakan gagal. Lalu untuk menyelamatkan umatnya, menghapus dosa umatnya, Isa digambarkan (dalam Kristen) mengorbankan dirinya dengan disalib. Tidak begitu. Inilah yang saya katakana ajaran Kristen telah menyimpang dari aslinya,ヤ terangnya. Cyber counsellor Salain menulis, kesibukan lainnya adalah sebagai seorang konselor. Melalui internet, ia aktif menjawab dan membantu konseling. モKegiatan lain saya adalah mengasuh bimbingan konseling online melalui e-mail hingga dijuluki sebagai cyber councellor. Tiap hari sedikitnya ada 50 e-mail yang saya terima. Kebanyakan berasal dari orang-orang minta nasehat, karena masalah budaya, perkawinan, dan bahkan masalah ketuhanan. Kebanyakan dari mereka adalah orang-orang yang dalam masa pencarian, mereka ingin tahu apa itu Islam. Bahkan ada juga dari orang yang bermaksud menyerang Islam. Kami saling bertukar pendapat. Banyak juga e-mail berisi pengaduan-pengaduan yang sifatnya sangat pribadi. Saya ini persis seperti モibu atau tanteヤ bagi mereka dalam menyelesaikan persoalan-persoalan pribadi,ヤ ungkap Ruqayyah senang. Begitupun dia mengaku sedikit sedih dengan kenyataan masih banyak kalangan Islam yang bertingkah laku kurang baik. Tidak Islami. Hingga merusak wajah Islam sendiri. モSebagai contoh di Barat, banyak anak-anak muda Arab dan Asia yang bergaul bebas dengan gadis-gadis kulit putih tanpa memperhatikan kaedah Islam. Sedihnya lagi, ada yang sampai mengandung tanpa ikatan agama. Seringnya si wanita kemudian masuk Islam. Memang baik, tapi saya kira ini bukan jalan menuju Islam yang benar,ヤ keluhnya. Begitulah, Ruqayyah kini mengisi hari tuanya di sudut kota London dengan menulis, mengasuh para cucunya, disamping juga berbagi ilmu keislamannya dengan non muslim melalui dialog antar umat beragama. Dia menyisihkan waktunya berkunjung ke sekolah-sekolah dan gereja untuk menjelaskan Islam dan memberikan pengetahuan dasar-dasar Islam. Dia berjuang keras menyadarkan berbagai pihak dengan berbagai latar kehidupan yang berbeda agar dapat saling menghargai. [Zulkarnain Jalil/www.hidayatullah.com]
          LATAR BELAKANG DAN SEJARAH JARINGAN KOMPUTER        
LATAR BELAKANG DAN SEJARAH
Sejarah jaringan komputer global ( dunia ), dimulaipada tahun 1969, ketika Departemen Pertahan Amerika, membentuk Defense Advance Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ) yang bertujuan mengadakan riset mengenai ‘cara menghubungkan sejumlah komputer sehingga membentuk jaringan organik’.

Program riset ini kemudian dikenal dengan nama ARPANET ( Advance Research projects Agency Network ). pada tahun 1970, lebih dari 10 komputer telah berhasil dihubungkan ( satu dengan yang lain ), saling berkomunikasi, dan membentuk sebuah jaringan. pada atahun 1972, Roy Tomlinson berhasil menyempurnakan program e-mail yang ia ciptakan setahun yang lalu untuk riset ARPANET.

Program e-mail tersebut begitu mudah dan lansung populer saat itu. pada tahun yang sama, icon [@] diperkenalkan sebagai lambang yang menunjukkan “at” atau “pada”. Tahun 1973, jaringan komputer yang diberi nama ARPANET mulai dikembangkan meluas sampai luar Amerika Serikat. komputer di University College di London merupakan komputer diluar Amerika yang menjadi anggota jaringan ARPANET. pada tahu yang sama pula, dua orang ahli komputer Vinton Cerf dan Bob Khan mempresentasikan sebuah gagasan yang lebih besar yang menjadi cikal bakal pemikiran International Network. ide ini dipresentasikan untuk pertama kalinya di Sussex University.
Hari bersejarah berikutnya terjadi pada tanggal 26 Maret 1976. ketika itu, ratu Inggris berhasil mengirimkan sebuah e-mail dari Royal Signals and Radar Establishment di Malvern. setahun kemudian, lebih dari 100 komputer telah bergabung dalam system ARPANET dan membentuk sebuah jaringan atau Network.
Pada tahun 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis, dan Steve Bellovin menciptakan Newsgroups pertama yang diberi nama USENET ( User Network ). pada tahun 1981, France Telecommenciptakan sebuah gebrakan baru dengan meluncurkan telepon televisi pertama dunia ( orang dapat saling menelepon sambil berinteraksi denagan Video link ).
seiring dengan bertambahnya komputer yang membentuk jaringan, dibutuhkan sebuah protokol resmi yang dapat diakui dan diterima oleh semua jaringan. untuk itu, pada tahun 1982 dibentuk sebuah komisi Transmission Control Protocol ( TCP ) atau lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Internet Protocol ( IP ) yang kita kenal hingga saat ini. sementara itu, didaratan Eropa muncul sebuah jaringan tandingan yang dikenal dengan Europe Network ( EUNET ) yang meliputi wilayah Belanda, Inggris, Denmark, dan Swedia. Jaringan eunet ini menyediakan jasa e-mail dan newsgroup USENET.

Untuk menyeragamkan alamat jaringan komputer yang sudah ada, pada tahun 1984 diperkenalkan system dengan nama DOMAIN yang lebih dikenal dengan Domain Name System ( DNS ). dengan system DNS, komputer yang tersambung dengan jaringan melebihi 1.000 komputer. pada tahun 1987 diperkirakan komputer yang tersambung ke jaringan tersebut melonjak 10 kali lipat menjadi 10.000 komputer lebih.
Tahun 1988, Jarkko Oikarinen berkebangsaan Finlandia menemukan sekaligus memperkenalkan Internet Relay Chat atau lebih dikenal dengan IRC yang memungkinkan dua orang atau lebih pengguna komputer dapat berinteraksi secara langsung dengan pengiriman pesan ( Chatting ). akibatnya, setahun kemudian jumlah komputer yang saling berhubungan melonjak 10 kali lipat. tak kurang dari 100.000 komputer membentuk sebuah jaringan.pertengahan tahun 1990 merupakan tahun yang paling bersejarah, ketika Tim Berners Lee merancang sebuah programe editor dan browser yang dapat menjelajai komputer yang satu dengan yang lainnya dengan membentuk jaringan. programe inilah yang disebut WWW atau World Wide Web.

Tahun 1992, komputer yang saling tersambung membentuk jaringan sudah melampaui lebih dari stau juta komputer. pada tahun yang sama muncul satu istilah yang beken, yaitu Surfing ( Menjelajah ). tahun 1994, situs-situs Dunia mulai tumbuh dengan subur ( setidaknya, saat itu terdapat 3.000 alamat halaman ) dan bentuk pertama kalinya Virtual Shopping atau e-retail muncul diberbagai situs. Dunia langsung berubah dengan diluncurkannya perusahaan Search Engine Pertama, yaitu Yahoo!. yang dibangun oleh David Filo dan Jerry yang pada bulan April 1994. Netscape Navigator 1.0. diluncurkan dipenghujung tahun 1994.


          Sorvete na testa do ano!!! Nokia fecha o NokiaBR...        
Hoje está correndo na blogosfera a celeuma sobre o fechamento do blog NokiaBR por imposição da Nokia. O José Antônio recebeu uma intimação de um escritório de advocacia sobre o uso indevido da marca "Nokia" (o que realmente eles têm razão) e entre outras ameaças e imposições, resultou no cancelamento imediato do domínio NokiaBR.
O mais estranho é que o blog NokiaBR era tocado por "um fã de carterinha" da marca e seu conteúdo era, em grande parte, positivo para a empresa finlandesa... Mas, como disse a Bia Kunze do Garota sem fio, em vez deles correrem atrás dos "Nokla", foram atrás do José Antônio.
O duro é que estes escritórios de advocacica parecem aqueles cachorrinhos pentelhos que ficam tentando latir o mais alto possível para se fazerem de ferozes e acabam espantando quem não deveriam...
Comigo há alguns anos tive uma experiência semelhante... Sou proprietário de uma pequena rede de varejo que comercializava uma marca de produtos que estava em litígio entre o importador antigo, de quem eu me abastecia, e o novo. Um belo dia apareceu uma "Notificação Extra-Judicial" de um escritório de advocacia representando o novo importador que entre outras ameaças, dizia que seria expedida uma ordem de apreensão de todo o meu estoque adquirido LEGALMENTE do importador antigo...
Na hora liguei para o representante de vendas do novo importador, já que eu era um dos maiores clientes do estado de outras marcas da empresa e me prontifiquei a me desfazer o mais rapidamente possível do estoque que havia adquirido do antigo importador daquela marca, vendendo abaixo do custo e não dando mais ênfase na vitrine.
E também solicitei que todos os representantes daquela empresa, a nova importadora que havia mandado a notificação, nunca mais aparecessem nas minhas lojas, pois não seriam atendidos. Ou seja, um advopgadozinho de m... espantou um dos maiores clientes da empresa...
Até hoje, passados mais de 5 anos, diretores e gerentes desta importadora em todas as feiras tentam de todo custo "abrir o ponto de venda" novamente...
Veja o relato do José Antônio no seu blog Zeletron.
Veja a repercussão na blogosfera...
Garota Sem Fio
Rodrigo Toledo
TekiMobile
BRLinux
FayerWayer
ManéBlog
Picolé Parcelado
RichardMax
ProveIsto
AllGSM
FreeBird
Fico com a sugestão do Rodrigo Tolego, vamos todos criar links para o blog "autorizado pela Nokia" do José Antônio, o Zeletron para que ele possa, em pouco tempo, ficar bem ranqueado nos Googles da vida...

Atualização: veja a resposta da Nokia sobre o assunto.
          Configurando o PTT (Push-to-talk) nos Nokia S60        
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Atualização em 08/11/2010! Aparentemente o serviço foi desativado!!!


Fazem alguns dias postei sobre o site wippies, que oferece um servidor PTT/PoC (push-to-talk) gratuito para celulares que possuem a capacidade de PTT/PoC compatível com os padrões OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) como os Nokia S60 (N95, E71, N73, entre outros). Abaixo vai um passo a passo para configurar o serviço.

1. Acesse o site http://www.wippies.com e clique em "Join wippies" Caso o site esteja em finlandês, clique na bandeira do Reino Unido para traduzí-lo ao inglês.
2. Preencha as informações requeridas como login, senha, nome, endereço, etc.

3. Feito o cadastro, acesse o site http://my.wippies.com, coloque o login e a senha e será aberta a página acima com dados da sua conta. Clique em "Additional services order".

4. Na próxima página, clique em "Wippies PoC".

5. Na próxima página, marque a opção "Select price option", escolha um login PoC e uma senha, que pode ser a mesma do site wippies, e marque "I want to order this service".
6. Pronto, sua conta de PTT/PoC no wippies está ativa.
Agora é necessário configurar o celular. Para isso, execute o programa "PTT" e clique em "Opções" - "Configurações" - "Configurações conexão".

Na tela de configuração, coloque as seguintes informações:
Domínio: poc.wippies.com
Nome do ponto de acesso:
Endereço do servidor: poc.wippies.com
Nome do usuário: (o nome do usuário PoC criado no passo 5 acima)
Senha do PTT: (a senha PoC criada no passo 5 acima)
Pronto, o celular está configurado e deve se conectar automaticamente ao wippies.
Antes de fazer uma ligação PTT, é necessário cadastrar o endereço PTT do destinatário em uma entrada de Contato.
Crie um novo contato ou edite um existente, clique em "Opções" - "Adicionar detalhe" - "PTT" e digite o endereço PTT sem o "@poc.wippies.com".

Para fazer a chamada PTT, rode o programa PTT, selecione "Opções" - "Contatos", o nome da pessoa que você quer chamar e por fim, "Fazer cham. privativa".
Para falar, mantenha pressionado o botão "Send" (verde) do celular e solte-o para que a outra parte possa falar.
Pelos meus testes, o atraso nas conversas PTT é bem pequeno, mesmo entre operadoras diferentes. O consumo de dados também foi bastante baixo. Isto combinado com um simcard prépago com um bom pacote de dados no exterior pode se transformar numa ótima forma de comunicação.
          PTT no Nokia - funciona        
Neste mês de dezembro estou bem enrolado no trabalho devido ao Natal. Mas numa noite de insônia na Net, consegui um endereço interessante: http://www.wippies.com
O site é finlandês, possui webmail, espaço em disco, etc... E além disso, oferece gratuitamente um servidor PTT (push to talk) para celulares Nokia.
Para quem não sabe, o PTT, ou PoC, permite a comunicação "via rádio" entre celulares através da rede de dados. O funcionamento é similar ao rádio Nextel.
Bom... cadastrei dois logins e fiz a configuração de um N82 e um E71, ambos com o cliente PTT da Nokia incorporado. Conectei através do 3G da Vivo e EDGE da Claro e... FUNCIONOU!!! Os dois celulares se conectaram ao servidor e foi possível fazer uma chamada PTT usando o login do site. A qualidade de voz foi boa e o atraso na voz muito pequeno.
Não fiz testes do consumo de dados, pretendo fazê-los em outra ocasião.
Infelizmente os celulares Symbian^1 (Nokia N97, 5800) não possuem mais o cliente PTT... Justo agora que o programa, que ficou perdido nos menus dos celulares por tanto tempo, tem utilidade.
Mais informações podem ser vistas no wiki http://forum.wippies.com/wiki/Wippies_Push-to-talk.
          Choppy fringe heat resistant board size large - (start from 5 set or 7 boards free shipping) by NATUREDESIGN        

Sold

Timber sectors, which are fastened on a round wooden base to combine nise pattern. This scented board is the basis for hot pots and pans to but them with the hot food on the table. It may also be used for simple decoration or as a souvenir. Quite popular is in Estonia and in Finland to decorate saunas walls with such juniper patern, but then with angular boards.


This board is a part of the board set
(5,8 inch, 7,8 inch board)



240g (0,53 pound, 8,5 ounce)
Ø20cm (7,8 inch)

Sending up to four sets or one to six of theese boards the sending fee is $11.


          Westinghouse to Provide Finland’s TVO with Advanced Reactor Internal Pumps        

Westinghouse Electric Company today announced that it received a contract in excess of 40 million euros from Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO) to deliver 12 advanced reactor internal pumps for Finland’s Olkiluoto Units 1 and 2 boiling water reactors.

(PRWeb August 15, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/08/prweb12097833.htm


          Westinghouse Awarded BWR Reactor Core Safety Systems Contract at TVO        

Westinghouse Electric Company today announced that it received a contract from Teollisuuden Voima Oyj to provide two new traversing incore probe systems for the two boiling water reactors at Olkiluoto, Finland. The systems are used to calibrate the Nuclear Reactor Power measurement. The contract will be executed jointly between Westinghouse and Toshiba Corporation.

(PRWeb March 11, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/03/prweb11657632.htm


          Dowódca NATO: Finlandia ma kluczowe znaczenie dla stabilności w Europie        

Generał docenił fińską armię i jej rolę we wspólnych ćwiczeniach z wojskami amerykańskimi. - Kiedy ćwiczymy razem, wspólnie uczymy się od siebie - powiedział Scaparrotti w środę wieczorem podczas spotkania na uniwersytecie w Helsinkach.

Przypomniał, że w połowie sierpnia amerykańskie i fińskie siły powietrzne będą wspólnie przeprowadzać manewry. W ćwiczeniach weźmie udział m.in. sześć myśliwców Hornet z fińskich sił zbrojnych oraz amerykański samolot szturmowy A-10 Warthog ze 175. dywizjonu, który obecnie uczestniczy w manewrach w Estonii.

Według Scaparrottiego dzięki fińsko-amerykańskiej współpracy można osiągnąć szybszą zdolność reagowania w przyszłości. Generał dodał, że Waszyngton jest gotowy na tym polu zacieśnić współpracę z Helsinkami. Podkreślił przy tym, że Stany Zjednoczone szanują wybór Finlandii, jako kraju nie należącego do sojuszy wojskowych, ale jednocześnie będącego gwarantem stabilności w Europie.

Dowódca wojsk NATO w Europie odniósł się również do wrześniowych manewrów Rosji i Białorusi Zapad-2017. Powiedział, że nie jest szczególnie nimi zaniepokojony, ale wyraził nadzieję, że Rosja, tak jak mają to w zwyczaju kraje zachodnie, zacznie mówić bardziej otwarcie o swoich manewrach, dzięki czemu nie dojdzie do nieporozumień i złej oceny zamiarów.

- Rosja chce znów być globalnym mocarstwem i zapewnić sobie wpływy na swoich zachodnich granicach - ocenił Scaparrotti. Odniósł się przy tym do stosowanych przez Rosję praktyk szerzenia dezinformacji oraz zaangażowania politycznego w obronie swoich interesów w innych krajach. Pochwalił jednocześnie fińskie podejście do zwalczania dezinformacji przez edukację, z czego mogą brać przykład inne kraje.

Amerykański generał w czwartek spotka się z prezydentem Finlandii Saulim Niinisto oraz ministrem obrony tego kraju Jussim Niinisto. Scaparrotti jest dowódcą wojsk NATO w Europie od maja 2016 roku. Wcześniej dowodził siłami USA w Korei Południowej, a także w Iraku, Afganistanie i na Bałkanach.

PAP/wikicommons


          INTERNACIONAL EM QUATRO DÉCADAS        
 Jari Litmanen: a serviço de seu país em quatro décadas




Nos dias de hoje é cada vez mais improvável um jogador manter o alto nível ao ponto de ser convocado para a sua seleção nacional por 5, 10 ou 15 anos. E quando chegam a mais de 15 e até 20 ou mais anos? Aí sim vira um fato digno de nota. Poucos foram os que ultrapassaram tais números, mas nenhum outro conseguiu o feito do finlandês da foto acima.

Este jogador é Jari Litmanen, ex-meiocampista do Ajax, Liverpool e Barcelona e que ganhou quase tudo o que o um jogador profissional sonha disputar. O ex-atleta, afora os incríveis 21 anos de serviços prestados à sua seleção, é o único da história do futebol até hoje que detém a marca de atuar internacionalmente em quatro décadas distintas.

Nascido em Lahti, capital da região de Päijänne Tavastia na Finlândia, em 20 de fevereiro de 1971, a bola já estava no DNA do então garoto, pois seus pais eram jogadores profissionais de futebol no país. Seu pai, Olavi Litmanen, foi um meia de sucesso no Reipas Lahti e da seleção da Finlândia nos anos 60 e 70. Sua mãe, Liisa, também era futebolista do Reipas Lahti - atuava de líbero no time feminino nos anos 70 e também foi bem sucedida. Ou seja, "filho de peixe, peixinho é" como diz o conhecido ditado popular.

Tanto que aos 6 anos Litmanen já dava seus primeiros chutes no clube que revelou seus pais, o Reipas. Foram vários anos nas categorias de base sempre enchendo os olhos dos treinadores e olheiros com sua habilidade rara para um país com pouca expressão no futebol. Sua estreia como profissional se deu em 1987 na Liga Finlandesa. Mesmo com todo seu talento, o novato por pouco não começou sua carreira de forma melancólica, já que seu time terminou a competição em 10º lugar - uma acima dos rebaixados KePS Kemi e Koparit Kuopio.

Depois de 13 anos entre base e profissional no Reipas Lahti sua condição de grande jogador já merecia vôos mais altos, apesar de não ter conquistado nenhum título com o clube. Tanto que em 1991 assinou contrato com o HJK, maior time da Finlândia. Porém, sua relação com os azuis da capital durou apenas uma temporada em sua primeira passagem, mas de muito sucesso com seus gols e assistências, apesar do modesto 5º lugar da equipe na liga nacional. O MyPa foi o próximo destino de Litmanen, onde conseguiu seu primeiro título como jogador profissional em 1992 com a Copa da Finlândia.

Nesta decisão da Copa contra o FF Jaro, inclusive, havia um olheiro do poderoso Ajax de Amsterdã observando o então jovem e talentoso camisa 10 da equipe da cidade de Kouvola. Resultado final: 2 a 0 para Litmanen e companhia e um gol do astro finlandês que convenceu o holandês a contratar o jogador.

Apesar das ótimas recomendações, Jari Litmanen chegou ao Godenzonen para atuar entre os reservas - o treinador era o polêmico Louis Van Gaal. Entretanto, o meiocampista começou a ganhar seu espaço substituindo o ídolo local Dennis Bergkamp que sofreu uma contusão. O jogador não perdeu a oportunidade e agradou o técnico, que passou a utilizá-lo muitas vezes no time titular.

Com a saída de Bergkamp para a Internazionale de Milão em 1993, Litmanen ganhou definitivamente o posto de titular e não demorou para se tornar o principal jogador da equipe de Van Gaal nas próximas temporadas.



"Litti" na sua fase áurea com o Ajax




Jari Litmanen não só herdou a idolatria da torcida de Bergkamp como também sua camisa 10 e fez jus à mítica do número às costas. Retribuiu a confiança e expectativas de Van Gaal sendo artilheiro da Liga Holandesa na temporada 1993/94 com 26 gols. Não só ajudou o clube da capital a faturar o título nacional como foi eleito o jogador do ano no país.

Litti, como ficou conhecido, foi peça chave no tricampeonato holandês entre 1993 e 1996 e na conquista da Liga dos Campeões e do Mundial de Clubes em 1995. O meia cravou seu nome na história nesta ocasião tornando-se o primeiro jogador da Finlândia a ser campeão continental e mundial de futebol. Ainda ficou em 3º lugar na eleição do melhor jogador do mundo naquele mesmo ano.

Os anos passavam-se e a contribuição de Litmanen para o Ajax só crescia com seus números. Entretanto, um vilão viria começar a atrapalhar a trajetória do jogador: as constantes contusões. Não à toa também ficou conhecido como Homem de vidro tamanha sua facilidade de contrair lesões. Sua primeira passagem pelo Ajax terminou em 1999 com a ida de Louis Van Gaal para o Barcelona, que aproveitou a viagem e levou na bagagem o talentoso finlandês junto com outros holandeses como Bogarde, Kluivert, Ronald e Frank de Boer, Cocu e Reiseger. Foram 136 gols em 7 anos em Amsterdã, sendo 26 deles em competições europeias.

No Barcelona Jari Litmanen passou muito longe de reeditar as atuações genais dos tempos de Ajax, muito por conta das recorrentes contusões. Foram pouco mais de 20 jogos, apenas 3 gols em dois anos na Catalunha e nenhuma conquista. Com a saída de Van Gaal e a chegada de Llorenç Serra Ferrer no comando técnico dos Blaugranas em 2001 acabou definitivamente a estada do meiocampista no Campo Nou.

O caminho de Litmanen depois da Espanha foi a Inglaterra para atuar pelo Liverpool. Em Anfield Road chegou a ter boas atuações e aumentar sua galeria de troféus como a Liga Europa, a Supercopa da Europa e a FA Cup. Contudo, novamente o fantasma das contusões fazia uma marcação implacável no jogador, que ficou de fora em diversas ocasiões de partidas dos Reds. Desta forma clube e jogador acharam por bem acabar a relação em 2002 após uma temporada e incríveis cinco títulos pelo clube inglês.

Já diz o ditado que "o bom filho à casa torna", e eis que Jari Litmanen voltou a vestir a camisa alvirrubra do Ajax em 2002. A Holanda sempre foi o refúgio das grandes atuações do meia finlandês, tanto que foi fundamental para a excelente campanha do time na Liga dos Campeões na temporada 2002/03, quando chegou às quartas de finais, até voltar a sofrer com as insistentes lesões que o impediam de atuar no seu costumeiro alto nível. Por conta de sua passagem mais constante no departamento médico do que no campo de jogo, não teve seu contrato renovado em 2004. Assim Litmanen resolveu voltar para sua terra natal.

Voltando para a Finlândia, Litmanen foi recebido como um verdadeiro rei pela torcida do FC Lahti, clube oriundo do Reipas, que fundiu-se com o FC Kuusysi em 1996 para criar o novo clube. Tamanha a reverência que o jogador recebeu a alcunha de Kuningas Jari Litmanen, ou rei na língua finlandesa.

Após um ano no FC Lahti sua carreira começou a declinar em clubes de menor expressão na Europa como Hansa Rostock da Alemanha, Malmö FF da Suécia, Fulham da Inglaterra, retornando ao Lahti e, finalmente, encerrando a sua brilhante carreira aos 40 anos no HJK de Helsinque em 2011. Neste último conquistou o seu único título da liga finlandesa.



Camisa de Litmanen exposta no Museu do Esporte da Finlândia




Mas foi na carreira internacional que Litmanen chegou ao seu grande marco. Por jogar numa seleção com pouquíssima tradição no futebol ficou alijado de grandes competições como Eurocopa e Copa do Mundo. Tal dificuldade também pode ser observada em grandes jogadores como o galês Ryan Giggs, o liberiano George Weah, o norte-irlandês George Best, entre outros. Ainda assim conseguiu entrar para a história com a camisa da seleção da Finlândia.

Sua trajetória com os Huuhkajat (corujas, como é conhecida a seleção finlandesa) durou 21 anos como já citado. Porém, a diferença é que o período compreendeu-se entre 1989 a 2010 que o torna o único jogador da história a atuar por sua equipe nacional em quatro décadas diferentes. 

Sua estreia se deu com apenas 18 anos em outubro de 1989 contra Trinidad Tobago num jogo amistoso. Apesar de seu grande talento o primeiro gol só saiu quase dois anos depois numa partida diante de Malta. Em 1996 assumiu a braçadeira de capitão da equipe e só veio largá-la quando a deixou em 2010. Sua marca histórica de quatro décadas diferentes defendendo a Finlândia foi alcançada em 19 de janeiro de 2010 na derrota por 2 a 0 para a Coréia do Sul em jogo amistoso. Sua última atuação, e último gol, pela seleção aconteceu na goleada por 8 a 0 contra San Marino em 17 de novembro do mesmo ano pelas eliminatórias da Eurocopa 2012. Nesta mesma partida chegou a outra marca: o de jogador mais velho da Finlândia e da história da fase qualificatória para o torneio continental a balançar as redes.

Ao todo pela Finlândia foram 32 gols em 137 jogos que o colocam como o maior artilheiro e jogador que mais vestiu a camisa finlandesa em todos os tempos.

Abaixo, dados e estatísticas do craque finlandês que reinou absoluto nos gramados durante quatro diferentes décadas.


* Nome: Jari Olavi Litmanen

* Apelidos: Litti, Kuningas

* Nascimento: 20 de fevereiro de 1971 em Lahti/FIN

* Posição: Meia-atacante

* Clubes (10): Reipas Lahti (1987 a 1990), HJK Helsinki (1991 e 2011), MyPa (1992), Ajax/HOL (1992 a 1999 e 2002 a 2004), Barcelona/ESP (1999 a 2001), Liverpool/ING (2001 a 2002), FC Lahti (2004 e 2008 a 2010), Hansa Rostock/ALE (2005), Malmö/SUE (2005 a 2007) e Fulham/ING (2008)

* Títulos (18): Copa da Finlândia (1992 e 2011), Campeonato Holandês (1993/94, 1994/95, 1995/96 e 1997/98), KNVB Cup (1992/93, 1997/98 e 1998/99), Liga dos Campeões da Europa (1994/95), Supercopa da Europa (1995 e 2001), Mundial Interclubes (1995), Copa da UEFA (2000/01), FA Cup (2000/01), Copa da Liga Inglesa (2000/01), FA Community Shield (2001), Campeonato Finlandês (2011)

* Seleção Finlandesa: 32 gols em 137 partidas entre 1989 e 2010

* Principais honras pessoais: Jogador finlandês do ano (1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 e 2000), Jogador do ano na Holanda (1993), Artilheiro do Campeonato Holandês (1993/94) e Artilheiro da Liga dos Campeões da Europa (1995/96)



Fotos 1 e 3: Autor desconhecido
Foto 2: Fred Ernst/AP

          FELIZ NATAL!        
Feliz Natal a todos!




Gostaria de desejar a todos os vocês um Natal repleto de felicidades, alegrias, saúde e realizações! E pedindo ao bom velhinho para nos dar cada vez mais disposição para continuar levando até vocês um pouco da história do futebol, nosso esporte paixão mundial.

Obrigado a todos os portugueses, italianos, franceses, ingleses, alemães, noruegueses, belgas, holandeses, húngaros, gregos, romenos, poloneses, usbeques, russos, bósnios, islandeses, finlandeses, espanhóis, suíços, turcos, catarianos, angolanos, australianos, indonésios, árabes, canadenses, norte-americanos, peruanos, uruguaios, chilenos argentinos e muitos outros mundo a fora, mas principalmente os brasileiros que fizeram este espaço ter mais de 222 mil acessos em pouco mais de 4 anos de existência. Agradeço de coração àqueles que colaboram, deixam comentários, enviam e-mails e até mesmo àqueles que apenas fazem uma visita anonimamente. É por causa de vocês que tenho motivação de continuar colocando para todos o pouco que conheço do futebol e o que gosto de fazer.

Feliz Natal / Frohe Weihnachten / Merry Christmas / Feliz Navidad / عيد ميلاد سعيد / Hauskaa joulua / Buon Natale / Καλά Χριστούγεννα / Joyeux Noël / Счастливого Рождества /  ãƒãƒƒãƒ”ークリスマス / Crăciun fericit / 메리 크리스마스 / Gelukkig kerstfeest / God jul / Boldog karácsony / Wesołych Świąt / Честита Коледа / Veselé Vánoce / Щасливого Різдва / खुश क्रिसमस / חג מולד שמח / Mutlu Noel!



Carlos Henrique
Editor - Futebol: uma história para contar



Foto: Autor desconhecido

          Prawie dwa miliardy ludzi zależnych od importowanej żywności        
Według naukowców z Uniwersytetu Aalto w Finlandii, prawie dwa miliardy ludzi zależnych jest od importowanej żywności.
          Video Vancouver: Second Nature        
Second Nature is a 20-minute documentary on Element team rider and budding landscape architect, Janne Saario of Finland. The short film allows a glimpse of Saario’s thoughts and dreams, which float between design, art and skateboarding. Though it also reveals the important concurrence of post-industrial areas, sustainable concepts and natural environments, and unfolds the demanding […]
          July 2012 Daring Bakers' Challenge - Crackers        
Blog-checking lines: Our July 2012 Daring Bakers’ Host was Dana McFarland and she challenged us to make homemade crackers! Dana showed us some techniques for making crackers and encouraged to use our creativity to make each cracker our own by using ingredients we love.

Recipe Source: A few recipes from the pile of books I own:
• Brown, Alton (2011). Good Eats 3:The Early Years, “Seedy Crisps”. Stewart, Tabori & Chang, New York, NY.
• The American Culinary Institute. (2008). Garde Manger: The Art and Craft of the Cold Kitchen (3rd ed.) “Pepper Jack and Oregano Crackers”. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Hoboken, NJ.
• The American Culinary Institute. (2008). Garde Manger: The Art and Craft of the Cold Kitchen (3rd ed.). “Cheddar and Walnut Icebox Crackers”. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Hoboken, NJ.
• Smith, Sandy (2000). Kootenay Country Kitchens Cookbook: A Collection of Kootenay Favourites. “Health Crackers” Kootenay Kitchens Publishing, Nakusp, BC.

See here for a PDF of the challenge recipes.

Rolled five grain rye crisp bread
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I'm Finnish born so I grew up eating rye crisp bread even now it is my main source of whole grains in my diet I really adore crisp bread. I'm so happy that this month's challenge is crackers, it allows me to indulge in my favourite food, I will be making many different sorts of Finnish crisp breads during the month. My first offering is a rye crisp bread made with rye flour and five types of rolled grain (rice, barley, triticale, oat and rye) and ground oat bran and chia seeds topped with four types of flavoured-sesame seeds (wasabi (green), charred bamboo (light red), BBQ (beige), seaweed (black). These are so tasty and sweet tasting (rye flour naturally is sweeter than wheat flour) as a a friend mentioned you can feel the goodness with each bite. Easy and quick and so so tasty a wonderful challenge.

Rye crisp bread is actually bread made with yeast, water, rye flour with a touch of salt it is fermented so making the dough slightly sour and then it is rolled very thin and baked it will keep for many months in a dry cool place.
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Rolled five grain rye crisp bread
Ingredients:
1 cup (250 ml) warm water
2 teaspoons (10 ml) (5 gm) dried instant yeast
1 cup (140 gm/5 oz) whole meal rye flour
1 cup (85 gm) (3 oz) five mixed rolled grains (rice, barley, triticale, oat and rye)
2 tablespoons (25 gm) (1 oz) flax seeds, ground or cracked
1 tablespoon (15 gm) (1/2 oz) chia seeds, ground or cracked
1 tablespoon (15 gm) (1/2 oz) oat bran
4 tablespoons (50 gm) (2 oz) various flavoured sesame seeds, for topping
1 teaspoon (3 gm) coarse sea salt, optional, for topping
Method:
0. Preheat oven to hot 220C/425F/gas mark 7.
1. In a large bowl mix the yeast and the warm water, rest until it becomes foamy (about 5 mins). 
2. Mix the rest of the dough ingredients together and add to the water mixture.
3. Knead for two minutes then rest covered for a minimum of 30 minutes in a warm place, the longer you rest the dough the stronger the tangy sour taste will become (overnight is best, you can add some vinegar (1 teaspoon) if you wish to increase the tangy taste if you wish). The mixture will be very stiff and will not rise.
4. Divide the dough into two.
5. Place one piece of dough between two sheets of parchment paper and roll until 2 mm thick try to keep the shape the same shape as your baking sheet.
6. Sprinkle half of the sesame seeds onto the rolled dough, roll gently to press the seeds into the dough.
7. Cut the dough into pieces using a sharp knife. I did nine pieces per baking sheet (about 3"x4" (7cmx10m)). (Do not separate the pieces.)
8. Bake in a hot oven for 10 mins, rotate and bake for another 10 mins. Check to make sure the crisp bread is not browning too much. Take out and cool, the bread will "crisp-up" more when cooled. Repeat for the other piece of dough. (If you have rolled the dough thickly about 4 mm then it will take about 20 mins each side to bake.)
9. If the bread is not crisp enough return to moderate 359F/180C/gas mark 4 oven until it is done, checking carefully to stop burning or over-browning.

Hapanleipä - Finnish Sour Rye Crisp Bread
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For my second offering on the theme of Finnish crisp breads is hapanleipä a fermented rye crisp bread in the traditional wheel shape. The ring form was once quite functional: in western Finland, crisp bread was baked only twice a year, and families strung hundreds of loaves on poles suspended from their rafters. It is still common practice in Finland to give a small hapanleipä on a stick (usually with a small bag of salt) as a present when you move into a new home. The hapanleipä will last for many years in a cool dry place, I still have some rings left which I eat from 2002 when my mum made 1200 for a wedding. These crisp cracker-like breads are; hard, have a tangy fermented faintly buttery mildly sweet taste, they are often slathered in butter and garnished with salt, or eaten with meats, cheeses or herring the stronger the taste of the garnish the better. These crisp breads have a strong robust flavour that can stand up to the strongest smelling cheeses or the most pungent gravlax (ferment fish) etc.
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Hapanleipä - Finnish Sour Rye Crisp Bread
makes 4 large crisp bread wheels about 8" (20 cm) across
Ingredients:
2 cups dark rye flour
1 cup barley or rye or oat bran (OR 1 cup barley or spelt or oat flour) See note
2 tablespoon butter, softened
1/4 teaspoon sea salt
1 teaspoon sugar or 1/2 teaspoon honey
1/2 teaspoon caraway seeds, crushed (optional)
2 teaspoons dried yeast
1/2 cup plus 2 - 3 tablespoons warm water 
Method:
0. Preheat oven to hot 450F/230C/ gas mark 8.
1. In a small bowl dissolve the yeast into the warm water rest until it becomes foamy about 5 minutes.
2. Place the rye flour, sugar and salt in a bowl, mix together and add the butter.
3. Rub the butter into the flour with your hands until it is fully integrated it should appear sandy and clump together when it's done.
4. Add the yeast to the rye flour and mix it together with your hands or a wooden spoon.
5. Add the bran (or the additional flour or the caraway seeds if using) and knead for about 5 minutes until it is well mixed. It will be a firm dough.
6. Set the dough aside in a sealed bag or covered for a minimum of 8 hours or up to 3 days in a warm place. When opened the dough should have a tangy sourish smell.
7. Separate the dough into roughly 115 g balls (or just divide in 4). Take one and cover the rest again.
8. Roll the ball between two sheets of parchment paper into a circular shape about 8" (20 cm) across. It should be about 1/5" (5mm) thick don't roll it too thinly.
9. Take a small cutter or use a knife to cut out a hole directly in the middle. then take a fork and prick ("dock") the dough all over to prevent it from warping while baking. Save the holes and bake them also.
10. Bake in a hot oven for 15 minutes rotating half way through baking time. Let them cool a bit before moving or they will crack. Repeat for the other balls.
Note: If you want your crisp bread to be sweeter use oat flour or oat bran it is naturally sweeter than rye. Oat flour/bran is best when you are pairing the crisp bread with blue cheese or soured herring where a touch of sweetness goes down well.

The dough after kneading notice how stiff it is
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The dough rolled shaped and the centre cut out ready to be "docked" with a fork and baked
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The baked crisp breads
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I'm extremely pleased with the results, they exactly like I remember them from my childhood, I will be making these a lot more. 

Brown rice and seaweed crackers
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These crackers are made with finely ground microwave brown rice, I had a packet of microwave brown rice in the cupboard for ages not doing anything so I decided to use it to make some crispy crackers. I ground the rice in my coffee grinder until it was very very fine making sure to cool the rice flour down between grounding (coffee grinders can heat up the material being ground up to very high temperatures) added some baking soda and baking powder and some finely shredded seaweed and just enough water to hold the dough together. Then it is baked in a slow oven until the crackers are dry and crispy. Incredibly crisp and light crackers with a hint of umami "savoury" taste from the seaweed. I used my new cracker stamp to cut out the crackers worked like a charm.
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Brown rice and seaweed crackers
Ingredients:
1 cup (140 gm/5 oz) finely ground microwave brown rice
6 tablespoons (90 ml) water, approximately
1 tablespoon of soy sauce, optional, (reduced water by 1 tablespoon if using)
1 tablespoon shredded seaweed
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
Coarse sea salt for topping, optional, don't add if using soy sauce
Method:
0. Preheat oven to slow 150C/300F/gas mark 2.
1. Just combine all the cracker ingredients in a medium bowl, adding most of the water all at once, do not over-mix or the crackers will be chewy instead of crispy.
2. Roll out the dough between two sheets of parchment as thinly as possible about 1 or 2 mm thick. Best to roll out the dough on the baking sheet to ensure that it is the same size as the baking sheet.
3. Cut with a knife or stamp out using a cutter individual pieces (do not separate).
4. Bake in a slow oven 150C/300F/gas mark 2 for 40 minutes until dry and crisp.

  

          May 2012 Daring Bakers' Challenge - Challah        
Six Braid Challah Bread
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Recipe Source: The recipes provided for the challenge came from or were inspired by recipes found through a variety of online sources (including, but not limited to allrecipes.com). Also invaluable was the book “A Taste of Challah,” by Tamar Ansh.
Blog-checking lines: May’s Daring Bakers’ Challenge was pretty twisted – Ruth from The Crafts of Mommyhood challenged us to make challah! Using recipes from all over, and tips from “A Taste of Challah,” by Tamar Ansh, she encouraged us to bake beautifully braided breads.

I have never made braided bread before so I was thrilled when I saw the challenge was Challah. In Finland we have a sweet bread called pulla that is braided (three strands) I saw my mum make it many times when I was a child and always wanted to make some. The final bread is very similar in taste to pulla I was very pleased about that. I decided to do a six strand braid. I was extra careful about making sure that the braids were all the same (size, shape and weight) and that I did a double coating of egg wash. I made a jury-rigged dough proofing cabinet the bread raised in only 45 minutes the final raising took about 20 minutes.

The process of making the bread was very straight forward, it was the braiding that was a little challenging for me, I practised the braiding using strands of playdough (dough made with salt and coloured dye) after a dozen attempts I had the technique down pat, looking at the final result I thought I had done a reasonable job on it for a first attempt. I was fairly pleased with the final outcome, it was only after I had looked at it I realised that I should of made the ropes of dough tapered I had made them absolutely straight and even the entire length of the strand hence the reason why the final challah loaf looks so flatt  but I didn't mind that at all. Overall a reasonable job I thought.

The jury-rigged proofing cabinet – fill the sink 5 cm (2 inches) with hot water from the tap. Place a metal pan on the bottom place the bowl with the dough on the pan making sure the bowl doesn't touch the hot water. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and then cover the sink with newspaper (this traps the warmth and steam) then prove the bread.
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Process of rolling out the strands
 Photobucket

Starting the six braid challah
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The egg-washed proved bread just before going into the oven
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The final bread
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I liked doing this so much I will try some other shapes again soon.
          Happy Independence Day, Finland!        
Good thing we got out of Russia when we did. Russia sucks. Lately more than usual.
          Israel revisited        
Back from the trip to Israel. Here are some observations (some of them just for myself, some could be useful for other tourists).

It was a somewhat overwhelmingly social holiday, but it was awesome to see everyone we managed to see, and in fact we didn't even manage to see everyone who was there. Next time, I guess, or maybe they'll visit me here in sunny Finland.

Not surprisingly, there were a lot of historical sites, good restaurants, and awesome beaches.

I wasn't sure if the early November was a bit too late in the year, but it wasn't. The temperature varied from 16 (Jerusalem) to 32 (Ein Bokek), and there was just one rainy day. The water was warm (25 or so) both in the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

November is off-season, most national parks close early, like at 3pm.

Jerusalem is full of tourists, and Tel Aviv and the Dead Sea have quite a few, but the national parks are almost empty apart from some school groups.

There are a lot of public toilets, almost all of them free. The ones in the restaurants are often unisex. Although pretty much anywhere I've been in Asia, from Turkey to Japan, they had more public toilets than pretty much anywhere in Europe.

The public transportation doesn't work from Friday sunset till Saturday sunset. If you are not in a religious area, some restaurants and convenience stores will be open.

The stores appear to stop selling beer by 11pm. Not sure if it's a law, company policy, or Tel Aviv city ordinance.

They are building and renovating a lot.

Almost everyone speaks very good English, and a lot of people speak very good Russian as well, but most of the written stuff is written only in Hebrew, so unless you read Hebrew you will feel a bit lost while shopping for groceries. I generally asked some friendly local people for help, and they always helped.

The places we stayed at were Tel Aviv - Jerusalem - Ein Bokek - Haifa - Tel Aviv. Did day trips to Herodion, Sorek cave, Masada, Ein Gedi, Mamshit, Ein Avdat, Avdat, Beit Guvrin, Akko, Tel Megiddo, Beit She'an and Tsippori.

Here's place by place, with links to the pictures:

Tel Aviv: a big city with a lot of restaurants and the greatest beach ever. Lots of Bauhaus buildings but they didn't impress me. Some nice markets. Yafo old city. A very nice area in the old port.

Jerusalem: I am sure even a bad tourist guide will have more details than I can describe here. One thing that a bad tourist book might not mention: the Western Wall tunnels.

Herodion: Herod's palace. You can go up the mountain, and then down inside the mountain.

Haifa: many residential neighborhoods are on the mountain, which makes for pretty cool views on the city. The main tourist attraction is the Bahai shrine gardens. The area around Sderot Ben Gurion has a lot of nice cafes.

Akko: a very pretty Arab town reminiscent of a few medieval places in Southern Europe. An undeground tunnel, a pretty mosque, and the underground crusader city in the citadel. Don't miss the genuine crusader toilet seat.

Ein Bokek: a touristy place on the Dead Sea shore. There is nothing there, really, except some Russian tourists (not many, because it's out of season) and one decent restaurant, but the sea looks lovely at sunrise, and it's a good base for visiting a lot of sites. The biggest minus: the pool and the beach closed at 5pm. WTF is that?

Sorek (Soreq, Avshalom, whatever) cave: a little but beautiful cave with stalactites, beautifully lit. In a way you've seen one of them, you've seen all, but I still enjoyed it. Quite a way down from the parking lot. The tour was supposed to be guided and photography forbidden, but the guide didn't mind us wandering around and taking pictures without flash.

Masada: the famous fortress on a high hill. If your map app is showing you two entrances you really want to use the one from direction of the Dead Sea. This one has a cable car, the other ones doesn't.

Ein Gedi: we came there late and didn't see much besides the rock hyraxes. Loved watching the rock hyraxes though.

Mamshit and Avdat: old Nabatean towns. Very interesting. There are two more, but we didn't have time for that. If you have even less time, Avdat is the biggest of the four.

Ein Avdat, aka Avdat canyon, not to be confused with Avdat. A canyon right next to Avdat. Also a national park, with a separate ticket. The entrance about 4 kilometers north from Avdat (the only one Google Maps currently show) is the top entrance, from where you can look at the canyon from above, and are not allowed to go down (falling in is also forbidden). If you want to come in from below (that's where all the really nice pictures are taken) and climb up, use the entrance near Ben Gurion university (may the road signs be with you).

Beit Guvrin: that's a really big and great park, and when the park rangers tell you what to see in what order they really know what they are talking about. Bell caves (beautiful, unusual and easily accessible), Sidonian burial caves with paintings, the ruins of Maresha and much more.

Tel Megiddo: not really that much to see, except that you get to tell your friends that you've seen the real Armageddon site. If you do get up there, don't miss the Hellmouth, aka the water system. you can go down there. It's right on the way from Haifa to Beit She'an, so if you are going there you might as well.

Beit She'an: a huge and awesome Roman ruin. Don't miss.

Tsippori/Zippori: beautiful mosaics and lots of cactuses.


          Keeping the king's peace        
In the wake of the New Year's eve's sexual assaults Vienna's police chief Gerhard Pürstl advised women not to go out on the streets at night alone, and said that they should avoid suspicious looking areas. The story doesn't say which areas Vienna's police chief considers to be suspicious, although I would love to hear that.

To quote the Game of Thrones,  "If you cannot keep the king's peace, perhaps the City Watch should be commanded by someone who can". This is a fair point, and the Green party security spokesman said something along those lines, too.  Janos Slynt, the guy in the Game of Thrones to whom those words are addressed, answers something along the lines of "even Aegon the Dragon couldn't keep the king's peace with that budget", which is also a fair point.

What's not a fair point is the idea that half of the population should stay inside after dark, or hire bodyguards. During my lifetime I've heard various police officers and politicians suggest that, and I always keep wondering what the hell are they thinking. Even apart from the lack of factual sense in it (because most sexual assaults happen inside, because men are attacked outside more often than women and any such protection measures should be first aimed at them, because in the situations like the New Year in Cologne the presence of men didn't help much - when there are 10 attackers it doesn't matter much whether there is 1 or 2 of you - because most women cannot afford to hire a bodyguard, and because if all the women could in fact afford to hire a bodyguard some of those bodyguards would turn out to be the people that they should be guarding themselves from), do those people actually realize what they are asking? They are not asking for some easy self-protection measure, they are asking for half of the population to either adhere to a curfew or hire bodyguards.

I can understand that sometimes the police fail, don't have enough resources, have to many criminals to attend to, etc. But when it's actually the case, it's time to arm the population. A gun is a lot cheaper than a bodyguard, and a lot easier to carry around with you.

I don't really think we are quite at that stage yet here in Finland, but if we ever get there, I'd expect the authorities either to put up and keep the peace in the streets, or shut up and start giving out licenses for concealed carrying. Mind you, I vastly prefer the former, but if the authorities can't do it, we need the latter, and not some stupid advice about staying home.


          Happy Independence Day, Finland!        
Good thing we got out of Russia when we did. Russia sucks. Lately more than usual.
          What the hell are we doing?        
The conversation about asylum seekers is getting more and more emotional on both sides, as the bodies are piling up. I am not much of a psychologist, but I suspect that part of what is making people scream so loudly is that it's getting quite clear that the old "nobody there is in real need of help anyway" and, on the other side, "we gotta help everyone who needs help" are not working anymore: there are obviously lots of people really in need of help, and we just as obviously cannot help them all. All that can be discussed at this point is numbers, which kind of takes all fun away from an ideological debate, and pisses off both sides.

But yes, lots of people are trying to get to the EU and apply for asylum. And no, for the most part we cannot help them where they are. In the places overrun by ISIS, for example, "helping them where they are" would, I am afraid, involve a summary execution of all the members of ISIS, which is rather expensive, and likely to produce a lot of innocent victims if done by carpet bombing.

I am looking at all this, and I am wondering: what the fuck are we doing? I don't even mean that we are taking too many, or too few: how are we going about it, and who gets selected?

Seriously, this makes no sense at all: we (Europe) build fences and do everything we can in order not to let asylum seekers into the EU. Then after some of them do get into the EU, we have to take the applications from all of those, and in the first country they arrive to (I can see how Italy and Greece might be a bit pissed off by this system, and we would be too if the eastern neighbor suddenly started producing refugees). Then the applications are considered, hopefully to the best of the officials' ability, and their ability is not all that good: it's hard to say who is a criminal, it's hard to say who is a terrorist, it's sometimes even hard to say who is who and who is from where. But then, after an application has been approved, we are not gonna kick the person out no matter what kind of criminal he or she has turned out to be.

What is the sense of all of this? We are actively selecting the people who can get to Europe in something that doesn't deserve to be called a boat, and can afford to pay the smugglers. I totally think that both young men, and people who have money can be just as worthy of asylum as for example poor old women, but is there any point in actively selecting them, and in the process encouraging lots of people to a) risk their lives while crossing the seas on god-knows-what, and b) give their money to the people who provide that unseaworthy transportation?

Can't we, like, decide on how many we can take, handle the applications elsewhere, and then let the winners of that lottery arrive on a proper ferry with proper papers, while turning the users of Oh-Shit-The-Raft-Is-Leaking Sea Transportation away on arrival? People are not dumb (well, most aren't), and if rafting over the Mediterranean is not occasionally rewarded with a residence permit they are likely to stop doing it.

And please, can we send the seriously criminal ones back? On the Oh-Shit-The-Raft-Is-Leaking Sea Transportation, if needed. Yeah, the transportation might take a downward direction, quite literally. Yeah, they might be subjected to inhumane treatment there. They will probably have to take a number and stand in line for that along with half of the population, many of whom we have turned away to begin with, but anyway... Tough shit. They could've thought about it before robbing or raping somebody. No matter how many or how few refugees we decide to take, all the refugee places should be reserved for regular people trying to resettle and live a normal life, not for somebody wanted for terrorism in Iraq or armed robbery in Finland.

We can fight about the numbers later, but can we put some sense in the procedure first, and fast?



          Happy Independence Day, Finland!        
Good thing we got out of Russia when we did. Russia sucks.


          Evolving transport requires bold initiatives and bold actors         
“The transport sector is undergoing huge changes. Digitalisation, automation, the sharing economy and new services are transforming transport markets all over the world,” said Kari Wihlman, Director General of the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) at the Trafi 2016 stakeholder event at Finlandia Hall today, 14 October 2016.
          Trafi’s telephone numbers change on 1 November        
As of 1 November 2012, the Finnish Transport Safety Agency will switch over to the new telephone numbering system jointly used by all Finnish government services. The new number for Trafi’s switchboard is 029 534 5000. When calling from abroad, please add Finland’s country code +358 and leave out the zero: +358 29 534 5000.
          Emmi Itäranta "Minnet av vatten"        
När polarisarna smälte blev världen inte vÃ¥tare; kusterna drog sig inÃ¥t, men värmen steg och havsvatten kan man ju inte dricka. SÃ¥ i den lilla byn i vad som en gÃ¥ng var Finland och nu är en avlägsen provins i Nya Qian är vatten det mest värdefulla som finns. All vÃ¥r moderna teknologi ligger och […]
          Skiing Sweden and Finland solely via public transportation, featuring Tom Wallisch and friends        

In Europe, the public transportation systems are so intricate that, if you wanted to, you could rely on them solely to carry out an in-depth urban skiing mission. So, that’s exactly what Tom Wallisch, Mike Hornbeck, Khai Krepela, Niklas Eriksson and Kevin Salonius did this winter—documenting each step along the way for this incredible short […]

The post Skiing Sweden and Finland solely via public transportation, featuring Tom Wallisch and friends appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.


          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          [news] Grudge Match: China vs. Europe + "It's Malaysia Time ..."        
Tuesday, September 7, 2004
Dateline: China
 
This week marks the debut of my bi-weekly (or so) column for the AlwaysOn Network, Silicon Valley's premier online social networking venue (and unofficially linked to Silicon Valley's premier in person social networking venue, the Churchill Club; I'm a member of both).  I will be sharing "Letter from China" columnist duties with Paul Waide, the head of Pacific Epoch, a Shanghai-based boutique consultancy that advises hedge funds on alternative investments in China.  My first column is on Shanghai and a couple/few forthcoming columns will examine cultural differences between Chinese Nationals, Chinese-Americans and Anglo-Americans, especially within the context of IT and IT marketing.  I will post my AlwaysOn "Letter from China" columns to this blog/e-newsletter, although please be advised that my intended audience are readers based in Silicon Valley.
 
Grudge Match: China vs. Europe
 
Staying on topic, I'd like to make a comment about a recent "Grudge Match" on the AlwaysOn Network.  See the item marked "Grudge Match" for 08.05.04 (5 August 2004) at http://www.alwayson-network.com/polling/index.php .
 
In the referenced "Grudge Match," China was pitted against Europe.  China received 45% of the votes in contrast to Europe's 55%.  Frankly, I'm surprised that China did so well.  I've found that the AO "Grudge Match" results tend to indicate sentiment more so than reality.  For example, a recent match pitted SpaceShipOne against NASA and SSO absolutely clobbered NASA (besides, perhaps most of the votes for NASA came from either Ames or the Blue Cube).  Of course, SSO is a high school science experiment compared to what NASA is doing, but I believe the results accurately reflect sentiment. 
 
But what is amazing (to me, at least) is that China was pitted against Europe in the first place!  Let's face it, this is a rather goofy "grudge match."  For Europe to include First World nations such as Germany, France, the U.K., Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark (yes, some countries are intentionally left out) -- and to compare the collective whole of First World Europe (a.k.a. "Western Europe") to China is absurd.  If this was First World Europe vs. China circa 2020, okay.  But TODAY?  Yet, the sentiment indicator showed a strong vote in favor of China.  Europe "won," but barely.
 
I propose the following "grudge match":  China vs. "Eastern Europe" (i.e., the former Soviet Bloc).  Look, if China can do so well against Europe as a whole (including First World Europe), I'm sure China would absolutely kick Second World Europe's butt!!  And a China "grudge match" against Eastern Europe more accurately reflects current "history."
 
But even this is a bit misleading.  The real "grudge match" is this:  China + India vs. Second World Europe.  And given this choice, only someone stranded on Mars for the past decade might choose Second World Europe.  Yet, this is the real so-called "grudge match."  First World Europe is in descent, to be sure, but it's descending from a high altitude.  It will take at least a decade or two for China (and/or India) to truly match First World Europe.  But China ALREADY is superior to Second World Europe.  And don't rant about NATO and EU memberships; this is simply window dressing.  Then combine China with India versus Second World Europe, playing into my "Golden Triangle" theme, i.e., it's all about the U.S., India and China.  This is where the action is, ESPECIALLY in IT.
 
"It's Malaysia Time ..."
 
I must be getting punchy since I'm borrowing a theme from a beer commercial, but it seems that Malaysia is experiencing its 15 minutes of fame.  The Philippines has recently been "hot," and several articles of late have been touting Malaysia (see, for example, an article which appeared in Space Daily).  Frankly, I'm getting tired of all this nonsense.  Look, when it comes to ITO (IT outsourcing) in East Asia, there are just two choices, i.e., India and China.  And, it's not really a competition; both have their strengths and weaknesses.  A few crumbs to Singers (Singapore), maybe even a few crumbs to the Kiwis (New Zealand).  The Philippines deserves notice, albeit passing notice, and Malaysia might be okay for some BPO.  But ITO?  Come on, give me a break!!  See my Furl archive for more links.
 
The only thing I recently found interesting regarding Malaysia was an article on Satyam's IT boot camp in Malaysia.  This isn't really unique, after all, IBM has been doing this sort of thing for decades.  So does HP.  Kind of like training plus a bit of brainwashing, but the brainwashing is acceptable since it includes political survival skills -- and said skills are essential, especially in F500 corporations.  But I like the idea of SI (systems integrator)-based training:  This way SIs can focus on "real" versus theoretically perceived needs.
 
IT Tidbits
 
Which certifications have the best ROI (return on investment)?  Playing off the idea of SI-based training, which are the most important certifications?  Well, Cisco leads with three out of the top five, although Microsoft picks up a couple of "wins" when looking at fastest-growing ROI, with RedHat and Oracle getting one win each.  SIs in China may also want to benchmark how much U.S. employees are paid given a certain certification, e.g., Microsoft DBAs receive an annual average salary of US$80,600.  Think about how much SIs in China pay for a certified Microsoft DBA.  For example, what do they get paid in Jinan -- or even in Dalian?  Compare this to US$80,600.  Spot any opportunities?  See http://tinyurl.com/3nvpz and http://tinyurl.com/6r2s5 .
 
ITO in the news.  Two particularly noteworthy items.  First, ITO got Slashdotted.  The Slashdot links are worth a review.  Probably some good insight into what American software engineers are thinking and feeling.  The second is a review of Lou Dobbs' new book on ITO and BPO.  Mr. Dobbs is a well-respected host on CNN; his views shouldn't be taken lightly.  A couple of excerpts from the review:
 
"GE, as Dobbs makes clear in abundant detail, is only one of many companies outsourcing high-tech and professional jobs to India and other parts of the world where wage expectations are lower.  Among the others spotlighted by Dobbs for outsourcing jobs to India, the Philippines, Romania, Ireland, Poland and other countries are IBM, SAS Institute, Intel, Microsoft, Perot Systems, Apple, Computer Associates, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Oracle and Sun Microsystems."  My comment:  Romania is the Changsha of Third World Europe, i.e., their programmers are about as cheap as programmers come.
 
"'India can provide our software; China can provide our toys; Sri Lanka can make our clothes; Japan make our cars.  But at some point we have to ask, what will we export?  At what will Americans work?  And for what kind of wages?  No one I've asked in government, business or academia has been able to answer those questions,' Dobbs writes."  See the review in the Tallahassee Democrat or my Furl link .
 
So-called infrastructure vendors beat out app vendors in terms of their ability to meet expected ROI and TCO (total cost of ownership) levels.  I don't really like the way infrastructure and application vendors are defined in this article and related survey, but top honors go to IBM and Microsoft.  There's a lot being written between the lines, but in general this plays into my "build-to-a-stack" strategy, albeit Oracle is left behind.  See http://tinyurl.com/3tpjo .
 
Speaking of Microsoft ...  A good, quick review of the various IBUs (independent business units) at Microsoft.  (See http://tinyurl.com/5rjtk .)  For a take on MBS, see http://tinyurl.com/6k4dp .
 
New marketing technologies.  Interesting article from the premier issue of CMO (Chief Marketing Officer).  There are two ways to view this:  1) which marketing technologies can be used by SIs in China for their own marketing endeavors, and 2) which marketing technologies will likely be adopted by retailers, e-commerce sites, financial institutions and numerous other sectors -- and which in house skills does an SI in China need to implement these new technologies (all of which are IT-related)?  See http://tinyurl.com/57wvp .
 
Looking for partners in the utility computing space?  For a start, try the top 25 vendors.  (See http://tinyurl.com/48s9j .)  Yankee gives a quick look at utility computing ROI (see http://tinyurl.com/5fw88 ).  HP chimes in with their take, too (see http://tinyurl.com/58mhg ; it's a PDF).
 
The battle of the SI globals.  Two related articles both based on the same Forrester report.  (See http://tinyurl.com/6tfrn and http://tinyurl.com/5tljq .)  Issues being considered include scalability (i.e., handling US$100+ million accounts), the need for broad offerings (e.g., strategy consulting) and expanding geographical presence (hey, where is EDS in China?).   "(T)he (Forrester) study finds that Infosys and Wipro have melded together a mix of CMMI, P-CMM, Six Sigma and ISO 9000 to create a culture focused on consistent and repeatable processes and value-added tools."  For China's SIs, mostly food for thought -- and a bit of dreaming.
 
... and how to battle the globals.  The article was a bit silly, after all, G2000 firms joining forces to battle Accenture or Infosys doesn't really fit the notion of smaller firms joining forces.  But I believe that they're on the right track and that a myriad of partnerships will be formed to most effectively capture new business and battle the globals.  However, ISVs (independent software vendors) have to walk a very fine line.  SIs need to carefully consider ISV responses and existing alliances.  See http://tinyurl.com/7xj82 .
 
"Infosys to set up second outsourcing facility in China."  The article states that Infosys is running out of space in their Pudong facility and that they're scouting for additional digs.  Come on, guys, running out of space?  There's not enough space in the Shanghai Pudong Software Park?  I don't think so ...  The reality is that Infosys needs to find lower cost developers.  As my column on Shanghai for AO's "Letter from China" notes, developers in Shanghai are a bit pricey compared to other places in China.  Infosys China is primarily servicing their global customers in China and looking for high-end integration within the domestic market.  However, this is a tough nut to crack and Infosys will need another development center to lower their overall costs -- and this is why they are looking for additional space IN ANOTHER CITY.  The idea that they're running out of space in the SPSP is ridiculous.  (I've been to their Shanghai digs ...)  See http://tinyurl.com/6nz8d .
 
Zensar gets broader press coverage.  Kind of like watching a meme, a couple of non-Indian IT trades have picked up the Zensar/Broadengate announcement.  See http://tinyurl.com/65afx and http://tinyurl.com/3jh2r .
 
"Rethinking the business case for Java."  A good article.  Hmmm ... maybe not much of a case, eh?    Hey, I'm still a believer.  See http://tinyurl.com/5hbcn .  Of course, Java programming ain't what it used to be ...
 
"The selling of SOA."  Two-part series in Line56.  SUPERB!!  (I prefer the singular to the plural, i.e., "architecture" versus "architectures"; personal preference.)  Reviews various viewpoints on SOA.  See http://tinyurl.com/6xqdn and http://tinyurl.com/6tw9o .
 
Urls update.  Expect to see lots and lots of stuff on software engineering and development.  Great stuff, too!!  Later this week.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
http://tinyurl.com/2azkh (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW)
http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
 
 
To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

          Utbytesresa Jakobstad Finland        

Jakobstad ligger i det svensk-finska omrÃ¥det i Finland och här och i Helsingfors bedrivs BarnträdgÃ¥rdslärarutbildning pÃ¥ svenska. Det bor cirka 300 000 personer i det svensk-finska omrÃ¥det.

29/11 Första dagen välkomnades vi av Ann-Katrin Svensson med kollegor pÃ¥ campus Allegro, BarnträdgÃ¥rdslärarprogrammet. Det var en kreativ miljö med mÃ¥nga estetiska yrkesutbildningar utöver barnträdgÃ¥rdslärarprogrammet. 


När vi anlände till campus blev vi visade runt i barnträdgårdslärarprogrammets lokaler och bekantade oss med personalen. Under en gemensam middag på kvällen började vi utbyta erfarenheter kring våra respektive utbildningar.

30/11 Ann-Katrin hämtade upp oss tidigt på morgonen för studiebesök på Museivägens förskola (förskoleklass). Vi mottogs av föreståndaren som berättade om verksamheten och svarade på våra frågor om bland annat förskoleverksamheten, det finska förskolesystemet och barnträgårdslärares uppdrag och arbetsvillkor. På förskolan fanns också fritidsverksamhet som kallades ”morris” respektive ”eftis”.







Därefter besökte vi SprÃ¥kbadsskolan, där barn frÃ¥n 6-16 Ã¥r gÃ¥r. Här blev vi visade runt av en av lärarna och fick ocksÃ¥ information om sprÃ¥kbadet och skolan av rektor. SprÃ¥kbadet handlar om att finsktalande barn ska lära sig svenska och svensktalande barn ska lära sig finska för att bli flersprÃ¥kiga. Det fanns förskoleklassgrupper med svenska respektive finska som modersmÃ¥l. SprÃ¥kbadet bestod av att lärarna som arbetade i gruppen med svensktalande barn bara talade finska medan lärarna som arbetade i den finsktalande gruppen bara talade svenska under förskoledagen.  



PÃ¥ eftermiddagen utbytte vi erfarenheter med lärarna pÃ¥ BarnträdgÃ¥rdslärar-utbildningen kring vÃ¥r förskollärarutbildning och deras barnträdgÃ¥rdslärarutbildning.  Ã„ven denna dag avslutades med gemensam middag där vi fortsatte att utbyta erfarenheter och diskuterade vÃ¥ra respektive utbildningar.


1/12 Besök på barnträdgård för barn i åldern 3-5 år i Jacobstads äldsta stadsdel Skata. Barnträdgården var inrymd i ett hur från 1900-talets början. Där visades vi runt av föreståndaren som berättade om verksamheten och visade oss runt i lokalerna. Vi fick även en presentation av daghemsverksamhetens historia i Jacobstad.


PÃ¥ eftermiddagen var vi pÃ¥ BarnträdgÃ¥rdslärarutbildningen och här fortsatte utbytet kring utbildningsinnehÃ¥ll, specifikt mot sprÃ¥k, matematik, digitala verktyg och självständiga arbeten, doktorandstudier och möjligheter till kommande lärarutbyte med mera. 




Undervisningen i BarnträdgÃ¥rds-lärarprogrammet sker pÃ¥ svenska och merparten av kurslitteraturen är pÃ¥ svenska vilket ocksÃ¥ framgÃ¥r av innehÃ¥llet i bokskÃ¥pet pÃ¥ bilden ovan. 

Dagen avslutades med gemensam middag och fortsatta samtal om utbildningarna och dess innehåll samt planering för ett fortsatt utbyte.

2/12 Denna dag gjorde vi ett besök campus Allegros pälslärarutbildning. Det är en designutbildning som är unik i sitt slag i världen. 


På kvällen deltog i vi i Ann-Katrin Svenssons professorsinstallation på Åbo akademi. Det var en mycket högtidlig installationsceremoni.



/Lotta, Anna-Carin & Anita


          GUEST LECTURE EXPERIENCE AT ARCADA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCE, HELSINKI, FINLAND        

GUEST LECTURE EXPERIENCE AT ARCADA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES, HELSINKI, FINLAND

I was at Arcada University of Applied Science, Helsinki, Finland from 23rdFebruary to 27th February to contribute and gain knowledge within my research field. The staffs at chemical engineering department, Arcada University are interested to learn the on-going research at polymer department, Högskolan i Borås. In turn, we at polymer department would like to learn different testing methods from Arcada University. Transfer of knowledge is the main purpose of my visit.

The trip was planned when Rene Herrmann from Arcada University visited Högskolan i Borås last year to learn bio-based thermoset resin synthesis and teach non-destructive testing methods to researchers at polymer department. The plan was proposed for funding under Erasmus European Union staff exchange program. The plan was further discussed in detail with Mikael Skrifvars at Högskolan i Borås and Rene Herrmann at Arcada University on successful funding application. It was agreed that I will teach the students to synthesize bio-based thermoset polyester resin and list of required chemicals was sent to chemical engineer Björn Wiberg at Arcada. Further, the lab procedure and method was sent to staff and students before my arrival.

Upon my arrival to Helsinki, the university here provided accommodation close to University and Rene Herrmann introduced his colleagues and students. Resin synthesis is not performed often in Arcada, so the apparatus required was not available. It was challenging to set-up ‘own’ apparatus with whatever glass-wares available. To do resin synthesis, one needs rotary evaporator and synthesis setup; both were built successfully with available resources. I have never done this before and it was exciting to build up these apparatus for the first time.

Evaporator built using vacuum pump and available glass wares
Once the apparatus was setup, the synthesis reaction was practically explained to the students for the first two days. The students were curious and asked several questions regarding chemical reaction, apparatus and testing. Motivated students came forward to do calculations and testing. Next two days the students were able to do testing on supervision. I gained teaching experience and learned new things while teaching and answering students’ questions.
With some students who learned bio-based thermoset resin synthesis
Final product
 
Helsinki is beautiful city and it is less crowded compared to other capitals in the world. I met my friend Emma who took me around the city. It was very good staff exchange experience which will always remain in my CV.

          Wilma Hurskainen: Growth/Crecer        
Fino al 31 Maggio l’artista finlandese Wilma Hurskainen presso il Matadero Madrid: l’esposizione consiste in una serie di foto scattate dal padre di Wilma quando era bambina, accompagnate dalle versioni più recenti realizzate dall’artista stessa. Per maggiori info, vai qui.
          Melody Rose Christmas        
We are getting ready for Christmas and thought we’d let you know, we’ve updated our last posting dates for you here. LAST CHRISTMAS POSTING DATES   UK – Dec 21st 2016 or 22nd Dec 2016 for Express Delivery Austria, Denmark, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg – December 16th 2016 USA/Canada/Finland for Christmas 2016 – 15th Dec […]
          10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur        

10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur

Como dicen en Corea: annyeong-haseyo!
10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur
Tras contar curiosidades sobre Japón, hoy toca el turno a Corea del Sur. No se quedan atrás en excentricidades interesantes. De nuevo, habrá cosas que todos saben ¿verdad?, como que hacen dramas casi tan famosos como el anime japonés, ya lograron arrebatar el primer puesto en el informe PISA sobre educación a Finlandia o que Samsung dentro del país no es meramente un productor de móviles y ordenadores sino toda una corporación que lo ha construido casi todo. Sin embargo, existen otras cosas como las de a continuación que espero no supieran.

Eres un año más viejo, a veces dos.

Los surcoreanos suelen sumar un año a la edad internacional. El concepto cultural proviene de China y no sólo sucede en Corea del Sur sino también en países influenciados como Corea del Norte, Vietnam o Japón. Lo que ocurre es que los otros países asiáticos han aceptado la internacionalización de la edad y prácticamente ya no usan esta costumbre, sin embargo, en Corea del Sur lo normal es utilizar la edad coreana cuando te preguntan.
En cuanto a por qué hay que sumarse uno es simplemente porque se cree que ya naces con un año, no con cero. Pero añadido a esto, además, los coreanos no cumplen años sólo cuando nacieron sino cada «ib chun» o periodo solar, así que cumples dos veces. Por tanto, dependiendo del mes, es posible que entre un periodo solar y otro tengas hasta dos años más. Si una persona ha nacido a principios de año, la diferencia de un año será la habitual. En cambio, si una persona nació a finales, pasará muchos meses añadiendo dos años a su edad internacional.

No hay desodorante

El chico deprimido se llama Le Ming Ho.
El chico deprimido se llama Le Ming Ho.
Es una cosa que incluso suelen añadirte en la guía de viajes cuando compras un vuelo a Corea: deberías traer tu desodorante porque es muy difícil encontrarlo. Esto es porque los coreanos sudan pero no huelen.
El olor corporal se debe a una mezcla de compuestos orgánicos volátiles. Las investigaciones sobre este tema comenzaron en la década de los sesenta, descubriendo que el olor axilar era producido por la interacción de secreciones apocrinas con los microorganismos cutáneos de las axilas. Y en 2009, un equipo de investigación descubrió que casi toda la etnia asiática tiene una mutación genética que detiene la producción de los compuestos del sudor apocrino que causan el mal olor. Por eso, las personas en China y Corea no usan mucho los desodorantes y tan claro como el agua, como no se vende, no hay.

Si tienes un problema físico, se espera que lo soluciones.

After and before.
After and before.
Hay cirugías de todo, absolutamente de todo, cosas como la reducción de volumen craneal es posible. Resulta que son tan increíbles los cambios que, tras someterse a una operación, les obligan a actualizar su tarjeta de identificación porque normalmente no se les puede reconocer después.
También está el punto de que operarse no es raro. Cuando digo que no es raro es que adolescentes piden la cirugía de doble párpado como premio por graduarse en la preparatoria. De hecho, lo deleznable es que no lo soluciones. Si tienes una nariz aguileña, te pueden preguntar en una entrevista laboral porqué no te la has quitado esperando que tengas una razón de «verdadero peso» para no haberlo hecho. Corea tiene una sociedad muy superficial, que valora en demasía el aspecto físico y no poseerlo es todo un problema para cualquier empleo de cierto nivel.

Si se mueve, se come.

Corea tiene comidas muy extrañas, más o menos siguiendo la línea de toda Asia. Déjenme decir primero que hay algunas comidas «tradicionales» que un capitalino no habrá probado jamás y que les dan tanto asco como a nosotros, pero existen los que las comen y restaurantes que las sirven, por lo cual, no está de más contarlo. Podemos empezar por la famosa sopa de perro. Sí, tradicionalmente se comía el perro. Pero hay cosas peores como un vino con fetos de rata dentro, el «gaebul» que es una lombriz de mar abierta por la mitad, «gusanos-pene» en salsa —se llaman así— que se comen crudos con salsa de sésamo o el «beondegi» que son larvas de gusano de seda al vapor. Nunca os haría la canallada de poner fotos de todo ello y tampoco os puedo comentar a qué saben porque tengo mis límites en cuando a probar cosas nuevas.

Los más alcoholizados del mundo

soju
Según datos de la OMS, es efectivamente el país que más alcohol consume. De hecho, su bebida nacional, el soju, es el alcohol más vendido del mundo y quizás la única bebida alcohólica coreana conocida fuera de las fronteras (aunque hay muchas más). Está hecha a partir de licor de arroz pero no sabe a arroz, se toma en vasos pequeños como los de chupito y las botellas tienen un precio muy económico. En cuanto a su «potencia», tiene alta graduación —entre los 15º-25º el malo, el caro puede tener más— y se toma solo. Su sabor es tan fuerte como el de alcohol de curar heridas y quema bajando, pero las ajummas (abuelas mayores) lo bajan como si nada.
Estarás pensando, bien, me abstendré de probarlo. Difícil. Ni se te ocurra rechazar si te ofrecen una bebida alcohólica, lo interpretarán como un gesto de descortesía, sobre todo si quien te lo ha ofrecido es alguien de mayor edad que tú. De hecho, los jefes tienen la costumbre de emborrachar a sus subordinados al salir de la empresa. Beber en Corea del Sur está bien visto, en reuniones, en negocios, en fiestas, en encuentros... incluso existe la creencia de que beber alcohol adelgaza.

Los coreanos conducen bastante mal

KIA es la marca de coches más vendida y en su mayoría los coreanos prefieren coches automáticos. Y a pesar de que los automáticos son más fáciles de conducir y los máximos de velocidad en Corea son bastante bajos, hay muchos accidentes. Según la OMS, Corea del Sur es el segundo país con mayor número de muertes de tráfico.

Cosmética para todos.

Bajo la misma idea perfeccionadora de las cirugías, hay una industria cosmética que lo invade todo. Los idols —cantantes y actores famosos— promocionan productos en todas partes, desde espaldares de asientos en el metro a paneles iluminados tamaño edificio. La cosmética suele intentan tener una base natural en la línea conceptual de ser «comida para la piel» y se vende tanto para hombres como para mujeres.
corea
Los hombres en corea consumen tanta cosmética como las mujeres, se ponen «bb creams» para el día a día —maquillaje con tratamiento de cobertura baja— polvos, usan serums y tónicos, se tiñen, se hacen la cera integral en las piernas y pecho, no salen a la calle sin protector 50 y ver un coreano con pelo en la cara es tan raro como ver pasar el cometa Halley.
Se consumen productos con ácido hialurónico, vitamina C, salicílicos, proteínas de arroz y leche, caviar, tierras volcánicas mineralizadas… y en definitiva, todo lo que por su composición «aclare y terse» la piel. A los coreanos no les gusta el moreno, odian las manchas y a los 20 pocos, ya están preocupados por las arrugas. Como consecuencia o en base a esto, inventaron el cuidado facial en capas, en el que se usan al menos diez productos diferentes que hay que utilizar en un orden específico, según ingredientes y textura, uno detrás de otro post absorción para alimentar la piel a la par que «protegerla del exterior». Y los hombres lo hacen también.

Corazón

korean-fingers-heart
¿Cómo haces el símbolo del corazón? Si eres occidental seguramente juntarás los pulgares y los índices haciendo la forma. Los coreanos no hacen los corazones así sino juntando índice y pulgar de la misma mano, lo que para nosotros significa «dinero» o «¿cuánto cuesta?».

El K-pop

Estos concretamente se llaman Super Junior.
Estos concretamente se llaman Super Junior.
¿Se acuerdan del Gangnam Style? Pues no fue una casualidad. La industria cultural de Corea del Sur lleva más de veinte años potenciando y haciendo globales sus producciones. El K-pop es nombre que recibe su estilo de música, integrado por varios géneros musicales como el dance pop, la balada pop, la música electrónica, el rock, la música hip hop y el R&B. Se caracteriza por tener elementos audiovisuales integrados en el directo como coreografías, fuegos artificiales en escena, caracterización y/o interpretación, una perfección técnica en la coordinación grupal de baile, aprovechan en muchos casos a explotar la estética cute, usan excéntricos peinados y/o maquillaje llamativo. No se puede decir que las letras tengan en su mayoría un gran repertorio o sean muy profundas pero reconozcámoslo, sus Justin Bieber lo hacen mejor porque por lo menos no paran quietos y vienen en packs.

Los 100 días.

En Corea las «Sogaeting» o citas a ciegas son muy normales y se habla de ellas públicamente. La verdad es que para los coreanos suele ser difícil conocer gente nueva por su introversión y a la vez es casi un delito llegar a los treinta y estar solo. La familia insiste mucho en esto y a veces es la madre la que le presenta al hijo chicas, también puede ocurrir por medio de la hermana o las amigas de la novia de un amigo. Vamos, trapicheo de contactos. Cuando las parejas empiezan a salir cuentan los días y existe una celebración a los 100 en la que la chica le hace bombones caseros (en San Valentín también los hacen).
También decir que si te parece duro estar solo y ver parejas por la calle en occidente, allá es mucho peor. Puedes ver cosas como camisetas de parejas en conjunto, bufandas para dos o guantes dobles para tomarse de la mano sin separarse. En resumen, no es un buen sitio para estar soltero.
 
 
 https://hipertextual.com/2016/09/curiosidades-corea

          Goatmoon – Tahdon Riemuvoitto 2013 || Full Album Download Finland Black Metal Genre Available        
Studio album by :Goatmoon
Release:2013
Genre:Melodic death metal
Label : Nuclear Blast
Producer: Mark Lewis
Goatmoon is a Finnish one-man black metal band that was founded in 2002 in Lappeenranta . BlackGoat Goatmoonin founded by former band Count Source rubble. Goatmoon recorded six demos from 2002 - 2005 . December 2004 Goatmoon released their first album Werewolf Records through. Some of the listeners classify the band NSBM -band, because of the lyrics dealt with white supremacy and anti-Semitism.
Music Tracklist:
► Abomination Of Winter
► Storming Through White Light
► …And Tears Of Our Fatherland Fell
► Race Of The Heroes
► For Our Blood And Native Soil
► Aryan Beauty
► From The Barbaric Shores

► Members:
♦BlackGoat Gravedesecrator all instruments







          Welcome to the Pro Team Toni Kerkelä        

It was only a matter of time…

Multiple video parts per season, discovering countless street spots, a relentless pursuit of stacking footage, precise and proper style… This list could go on and on but the fact is, Toni Kerkelä stands apart season after season. A true student of snowboarding, Toni’s appetite for riding and getting shit done is insatiable.

The moment Toni straps in, it’s on! Don’t be surprised if he bags a trick first try. With an undeniable passion and talent, Toni is clean, consistent and technical. So after a few years of stacking multiple video parts each year, we decided it was time to put T-Kerks on the pro team.

Cast: Rome Snowboards and IANTMACY

Tags: Rome SDS, Toni Kerkela, Snowboarding, Welcome to the Pro Team, Finland and Toni K


          Beer & Rails Teaser        

Liquid courage. Nerve tonic. Pork chop in a can. Whatever you call it, it’s all the same once it hits your lips: BEER. This adult beverage has been entwined with snowboarding since the dawn of time—cold ones kicked back in the parking-lot, a 12-pack at the spot, or late-night shotguns at a house party.

The Strange Brew boys are no strangers to slugging cold ones. They’ve built their reputation out of Tahoe by thrashing urban environments, traveling by van, and crushing cans all the while. Thousands of miles away across an ocean, Toni Kerkelä has spent his seasons meticulously picking apart street spots and filming hammers on his home turf of Finland. Toni’s built his reputation by putting out multiple video parts every year, full of his crisp style. When you park the Strange Brew van in the U.S. and mash them and Toni together in Finland, you get “Beer & Rails”.

When the wave of fermented grain finally crashed and washed Strange Brew up on the streets of Jyväskylä, Finland, they got a two-week guided session of Toni’s home-town spots. The crew was comprised of Riley Nickerson, Keenan Cawley, Ian Daly, Jasper Tripp, and Toni Kerkelä. With equal parts raw snowboard talent, beer-soaked ambition and an eye for unique lines, the newly-forged crew took it hard to the streets in search of late-night sessions and urban creativity.

Beer & Rails hits taps 8.31.15

Cast: Rome Snowboards and IANTMACY

Tags: Snowboarding, Strange Brew, Toni Kerkelä, Beer & Rails, Party, Rome SDS, Rome Snowboards, Beer, Rails and Finland


          Beer & Rails        

Snowboarding and beer. Beer and snowboarding. It’s a timeless partnership of hops, yeast, liquid courage and good times.

This same partnership helped send an unlikely snowboard crew of Riley Nickerson, Keenan Cawley, Jasper Tripp and Ian Daley to Finland for a two-week urban assault with Toni Kerkelä last winter.

Strange Brew has spent the last three seasons stalking the United States by van, hungry for any and all rail features, as well as sometimes just plain hungry. Toni, however, has been busy stacking a hefty list of standout video parts while filming with his hometown crew KBR. Though they exist on the other side of the world, the idea of sending Strange Brew to meet Toni sounded like an interesting recipe for a unique flavor of riding. With the local Karhu barley pop surging through their systems, the boys stormed the streets of Toni’s hometown of Jyväskylä, logging late nights and early mornings.

So what happens when you take a crew of vagabond snowboarders to visit T-Kerks in Finland, stack footage and let it ferment for a couple months?

Crack a can, post up and push play to celebrate the union of snowboarding and our favorite form of a fermented malty beverage.

Cast: Rome Snowboards and IANTMACY

Tags: Rome SDS, Rome Snowboards, Snowboarding, Beer & Rails, Finland, Toni Kerkela, Strange Brew, Urban, Street Spots, Jibbing, Travel, Adventure and Snowboard


          Learning from Finnish campaigns for sustainable development – Part 3: Sustainability commitments for apprentice training?        
In my two previous posts I started with a topic that might seem remote to our EU-funded project Learning Layers (LL). The first post focused on the Finnish sustainability commitments. In the second post I discussed the sustainability issue from the perspective of apprentice training making comparisons between Germany and in Finland (and setting the […]
          What can we learn from pilot activities with MOOCs?        
As I told in my previous post, our EU-funded Learning Layers (LL) project is preparing itself for the Design Conference of the Year 2, which will take place in March in Espoo (next to Helsinki) in Finland. And as I also told, I have looked over the fence and explored, what our colleague Graham Attwell […]
          What do we learn from debates on VLEs, PLEs and MOOCs for workplace learning?        
Currently our EU-funded Learning Layers (LL) project is preparing itself for the Design Conference of the Year 2, which will take place in March in Espoo (next to Helsinki) in Finland. We will be discussing issues of Co-Design, Evaluation and Exploitation. Surely, our work with the Learning Toolbox will be high on the agenda. But, […]
          Â¿Sobran los mandos intermedios? El plan para acabar con los jefes inútiles        
A pesar del adelgazamiento de muchas estructuras empresariales, parece que aún no le ha tocado el turno a los supervisores. La cosa puede estar a punto de cambiar.

Durante los últimos años muchas empresas han optimizado sus estructuras jerárquicas, eliminando puestos o concentrando las mismas labores en menos trabajadores. Sin embargo, hay un perfil de profesional que en muchos países aún ha seguido conservando sus puestos, a pesar de que no siempre su utilidad resulta clara. Se trata de los mandos intermedios, supervisores y administrativos, cuya labor es cada vez más puesta en duda, a pesar de que en España haya sido uno de los sectores más perjudicados por la crisis económica. 
Dos de los grandes críticos de este escalafón de la organización son Gary Hamel y Michele Zanini, dos consultores de la London Business School y el Management Lab, respectivamente, que han analizado durante los últimos años el rendimiento de los mandos intermedios. La conclusión no puede ser más despiadada: no solo la mayor parte de ellos no sirven para gran cosa, sino que recolocarlos realizando el mismo trabajo que aquellos a quienes supervisan dispararía la economía estadounidense en unos 3.000 millones de dólares (141.000 dólares por empleado).

Hay unos 21,4 millones de empleados que “aunque no sea su culpa, están creando poco o ninguno valor añadido”
“Cada vez más gente trabaja en organizaciones grandes y burocráticas”, explican los autores en un artículo publicado en el último número de la 'Harvard Business Review'. “Sin embargo, hay una gran cantidad de pruebas de que la burocracia supone una pesada carga en la productividad y en la resiliencia organizativa, así como en la innovación”. Según sus cálculos, hay unos 21,4 millones de empleados en la fuerza laboral estadounidense que “aunque no sea su culpa, están creando poco o ninguno valor añadido”.

Unas cuentas palmarias

Hamel y Zanini han hecho aquello que muchos mandos intermedios, cuya contribución a la empresa es intangible (ejem) temían: sacar la calculadora y ponerse a hacer cuentas. Según sus cálculos, el ratio en las empresas estadounidenses es de un mando intermedio por cada 4,7 trabajadores. Sin embargo, los autores consideran que pueden hacer descender el ratio a 10 trabajadores por cada superior, lo que liberaría a 12,5 millones de individuos para hacer algo más productivo.
Con el agua al cuello. (iStock)
No es únicamente una cuestión de productividad, aclaran los autores. Es decir, no se trata de que los mandos intermedios no resulten tan productivos como sus subordinados, sino que también su presencia es un estorbo organizativo. Hamel y Zanini recuerdan que los trabajadores que no tienen ningún rol en la jerarquía gastan aproximadamente el 16% de su tiempo rindiendo cuentas a sus superiores inmediatos y cumpliendo con la burocracia, como señaló un informe publicado por Deloitte
¿Por qué, si todos son tan conscientes de la inutilidad de estos puestos, hay tantos? No solo eso, ¿por qué el número de mandos intermedios en países como EEUU se ha duplicado mientras que el de otros niveles de la jerarquía tan solo lo ha hecho en un 40%? Quizá porque se trata del destino natural de muchos empleados 'senior' con experiencia a los que se quiere conferir una mayor responsabilidad y que, a medida que pasa el tiempo, empiezan a acumularse entre los puestos directivos y los soldados rasos. No es su culpa, como recuerdan los autores, pero la proliferación de estas figuras (cuyas competencias, en muchos casos, no quedan totalmente claras) son un importante escollo en la toma de decisiones.
Devolver a los cargos intermedios a otras labores más productivas permitiría mejorar los resultados económicos
“Aquí están los beneficios enormes pero difíciles de cuantificar que se derivarían de una nueva fuerza laboral empoderada pero ya no paralizada por el proceso”, explican los autores. En muchos casos, la iniciativa y capacidad de innovación de los empleados se ve obstaculizada por la toma de decisiones en los escalafones inmediatamente superiores a ellos. Nada de mecanización o internet de las cosas, advierten Hamel y Zanini. Adelgazar la burocratización de las empresas devolviendo a millones de trabajadores atasacados en inútiles cargos intermedios a otras labores sería “una ruta inmediata y menos especulativa para un mejor rendimiento económico”.

El caso de Svenska Handelbanken

¿Cuál es el ejemplo a seguir? Según los autores, el de Svenska Handelsbanken, uno de los mayores bancos nórdicos con sucursales en Suecia, Dinamarca, Finlandia y Reino Unido. Se trata de una de las entidades bancarias con un mayor retorno por acción de toda Europa, una cualidad que los autores achacan a su control de gastos y toma de decisiones.
Las oficinas centrales del Handelsbanken en Estocolmo. (Reuters)
Tan solo hay tres niveles de mando en la jerarquía de una organización que emplea a 12.000 trabajadores. Además, existe una gran independencia en cada una de las ramas operativas, lo que permite una mayor libertad a la hora de fijar precios para los préstamos, el control de sus presupuestos o el trato con el cliente. Lo que para muchos sería el primer paso hacia el caos, en realidad favorece una estructura más ligera y dúctil a la hora de adaptarse a las necesidades de cada región.
“Casi todas sus decisiones van en el sentido contrario del conocimiento bancario convencional, que mantiene que para ser eficiente un banco debe consolidar las actividades operativas y centralizar la toma de decisiones en precios o préstamos”, explican los autores en 'HBR'. Sin embargo, el banco ha mejorado con mucho los ratios entre pérdidas y ganancias del sector debido a su estructura organizativa. Otras empresas con una gran optimización empresarial son Gore-Tex, la compañía de videojuegos Valve, la tomatera Morning Star o la acerera Nucor.
HÉCTOR G. BARNÉS

           Interesting My Citadel sinkhole of one botnet shows me 100 pourcents infections are in Netherlands, Norway, Finland and Germany        
2012-09-06 19:14:06 - Kleissner : Interesting My Citadel sinkhole of one botnet shows me 100 pourcents infections are in Netherlands, Norway, Finland and Germany
          Europe Forecast: Hot in the south - Thundery central areas, Aug 10 - 10:13        

Staying hot in southern Europe with thunderstorms in central areas Thursday Dry weather continues across Iberia - hot in south-west Spain and Portugal. Slack low pressure over western Europe brings cool and unsettled weather - areas of heavy rain and thunderstorms for France, the Low Countries and Germany, although the Riviera and also Brittany may escape dry. Thundery rain too for the Alps, and a few showers possible for northern-central Italy. Hot and dry for southern Italy, Greece and areas near the Black Sea. Scorching temperatures for the Balkan states, Hungary and Slovakia, also south-eastern Poland, topping 40C. A risk of severe thunderstorms developing and spreading from Austria to the Czech Republic and also across southern Poland. Areas of thundery rain for the Baltic states and Finland, whilst southern Scandinavia should stay dry.

Friday Fine and dry across Portugal and Spain today, feeling hot too. More hot and dry weather in the Balearics and the hot weather persists over Italy. Greece and Turkey will be remaining dry with more sunshine and staying hot. Fine with sunny spells in western France although the risk of some thunderstorms developing in the east. Sunny spells and an odd shower in the Low Countries. Heavy showers across Germany and Poland some of this heavy. Austria, Hungary and Switzerland will have thunderstorms. Fair for Denmark with sunny spells here. Fair for the Baltic States with sunny spells here. Staying dry in Finland with more sunny spells. Remaining fair across Sweden whilst some rain arrives in western Norway.


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Granada GR, España
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          Fonds européen de développement régional (FEDER)        

Fonds européen de développement régional (FEDER)

Description :
Créé en 1975, le Fonds européen de
développement régional (FEDER) est un
instrument financier de l'Union européenne qui
favorise la réduction des disparités régionales
et le développement équilibré des régions
européennes en attribuant des subventions
aux acteurs locaux de régions en difficulté,
dans le cadre de programmes de
développement établis en partenariat entre
l'Union européenne, les Etats membres et les
collectivités territoriales.

br>

Le FEDER concentre son action sur le soutien
au développement des régions les moins
prospères (objectif 1 des Fonds structurels) et
la relance économique et social des zones en
difficulté structurelle (objectif 2).



ACTIONS FINANCÉES




  • - Actions principales :

    *
    l'Emploi et le développement économique
    Il s'agit de soutenir la création d'emplois,
    l'attractivité économique d'un territoire (dont
    le tourisme), le développement, la création et
    la reprise d'entreprises, la reconversion des
    activités, la formation des salariés... En
    moyenne, les mesures de ce type représentent
    environ 2/3 des fonds structurels dans les
    DOCUP.


    *l'Aménagement du territoire régional :
    Ce thème concerne, selon les régions, des
    zones rurales et des zones urbaines en
    difficulté, avec près d'un quart du total des
    crédits communautaires.
    Il vise le soutien aux démarches territoriales
    (Pays, parcs naturels régionaux...), le tourisme,
    l'environnement, la valorisation du patrimoine,
    l'ingénierie de projet territorial, les réseaux de
    transport, l'amélioration de la qualité de
    vie...


    * le Développement rural :
    Cela concerne le développement du secteur
    agricole (investissements dans les
    exploitations agricoles ou le secteur de la
    transformation des produits agricoles), la
    commercialisation des produits agricoles de
    qualité, la gestion des ressources en eau, les
    services de remplacement, le remembrement,
    les infrastructures rurales, la rénovation des
    villages et la protection du patrimoine rural, la
    protection de l'environnement dans le cadre de
    l'agriculture et de la sylviculture, ainsi que la
    gestion de l'espace naturel.
    Le développement rural prend une place non
    négligeable et peut représenter 15% du total
    des crédits communautaires dans des régions
    fortement dépendantes de l'activité agricole. br>


  • - Initiatives communautaires :


    Le FEDER finance également l'initiative
    communautaire INTERREG III (coopération
    entre régions de l'Union européenne) et
    l'initiative URBAN II (développement durable
    des villes et banlieues en crise).

    li>


  • - Actions innovatrices :


    Les actions innovatrices permettent d'explorer
    de nouvelles orientations pour la politique
    régionale, comme l'économie régionale fondée
    sur la connaissance et l'innovation
    technologique, la société de l'information au
    service du développement régional (eEurope-
    regio), ou l'identité régionale et le
    développement durable.




    THÈMES PRÉFÉRENTIELS br>

  • - Pour 2000-2006, priorité est donnée aux
    investissements productifs permettant la
    création ou le maintien d'emplois, aux
    infrastructures, aux initiatives de
    développement local et aux activités des
    petites et moyennes entreprises.
  • br>

  • - Les axes de développement sont les
    transports, les technologies de
    communication, l'énergie, l'environnement, la
    recherche et l'innovation, les infrastructures
    sociales, la formation, la réhabilitation urbaine
    et la reconversion industrielle, le
    développement rural, la pêche, ou encore le
    tourisme et la culture.




    FINANCEMENT


  • - budget : la France bénéficie, au titre du
    FEDER, de 17,2 milliards d'euros pour la
    période 2000-2006

  • - la participation financière communautaire
    s'élève à 75% au maximum des coûts pour les
    projets développés dans les zones d'objectif 1
    (80 à 85% dans certains cas), à 50% pour les
    projets développés en zone d'objectif 2 et à
    des taux réduits (maximum compris entre 15
    et 35%) pour les investissements en
    entreprise.

  • - dans chaque pays, les autorités nationales
    compétentes gèrent les crédits du FEDER. En
    France, la Délégation à l'aménagement du
    territoire et à l'action régionale (DATAR)
    coordonne l'intervention du FEDER. Sa gestion
    financière est assurée par la Direction générale
    des collectivités locales (DGCL) du ministère de
    l'Intérieur.

Conditions :
Les pays éligibles sont ceux de l'Union
européenne: Allemagne, Autriche,
Belgique, Chypre, Danemark, Espagne, Estonie,
Finlande, France, Grèce, Hongrie, Irlande,
Italie, Lettonie, Lituanie, Luxembourg, Malte,
Pays-Bas, Pologne, Portugal, République
tchèque, Royaume-Uni, Slovénie, Slovaquie,
Suède.


    Peut participer :
  • - une collectivité locale, une chambre
    consulaire, un organisme de formation, une
    PME, un syndicat, une association...

  • - le projet doit concerner une zone
    éligible au
    titre de l'un des objectifs 1 ou 2 des Fonds
    structurels, d'INTERREG III ou de URBAN II. li>

Nom du contact : Marc Gastambide - Conseiller de l'Equipe Europe et relations
Email : info@datar.gouv.fr
Site Internet : http://www.datar.gouv.fr

          Se vende - Usado en excelente estado Talla 90 3 T Hanna... - Subasta        

Granada GR, España
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          Se vende - Tamaño 4 T Azul Marino Vestido Formal - Subasta        

Granada GR, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, China, Suecia, Corea del Sur, Indonesia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Rusia, Israel, Nueva Zelanda, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, ...
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          Se vende - Laura Ashley Transparente Negro Completo Longitud... - Subasta        

Uña 16152, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Rusia, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Noruega, Indonesia, Malasia, México, Singapur, Corea del Sur, Suiza, Taiwán, ...
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          Se vende - Jane Norman poco Negro Y Turquesa Detalle Bordado... - Subasta        

Uña 16152, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Rusia, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Noruega, Indonesia, Malasia, México, Singapur, Corea del Sur, Suiza, Taiwán, ...
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          Se vende - Jenny & me Vestido 2 Niño Fucsia, Rosa, & Peach... - Subasta        
Cañada de San Pedro 30164, España
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          Se vende - Chicas siguiente Vestido Rosa Y Cardigan-hasta un... - Subasta        

Vallada 46691, España
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          Se vende - Chaps Chicos Azul Marino/Verde/Blanco Vestido... - Subasta        

La Cañada 35459, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, China, Suecia, Corea del Sur, Indonesia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Rusia, Israel, Nueva Zelanda, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, ...
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          Se vende - Chez Belle Chicas Tamaño 4 adorable Vestido Lechoso... - Subasta        
Granada GR, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, China, Suecia, Corea del Sur, Indonesia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Rusia, Israel, Nueva Zelanda, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, ...
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          Waking up with the results of the Brexit-Referendum        
During the recent years I have been blogging mostly on our ongoing EU-funded Learning Layers (LL) project. This time I leave it at the background. And normally I am not making comments on politics – not of my country of origin (Finland) or of my host country (Germany) nor of any other country. BUT today […]
          WHO director-general opens meeting concerning country alliance        

Dr. Margaret Chan, director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO), recently opened a senior-level meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, concerning how countries can better cooperate together to create and abide by tests for worldwide health and regulating IHR components. 

The meeting was co-hosted by Finland.

Chan spoke to those present about the 10-year struggle to incentivize and encourage countries to abide by IHR's main missions, and that the new alliance would be critical in creating a healthier and more secure world. She also discussed how the new systems adhere to countries' needs, are standardized, and will help bridge the gaps in global health. The new alliance is in compliance with the One Health ideology that FAO, OIE and WHO are all a part of, and will be organized by a secretariat from WHO and a group of advisors.

The need to create an alliance, she continued, is due to the obvious lack of preparedness, laboratories, hospitals and health staff to combat reoccurring breakouts of major illnesses, like SARS, H1H1, Ebola and Zika. In the fight to control these outbreaks, quick ways to vaccine, diagnose and provide treatment and information is vital, in addition to mosquito control.

Chan was hopeful of the order and assistance the new alliance could make, specifically in providing reliance and long-term solutions to take over the short-term ones already in place. The alliance will surely create a more unified front against global illnesses.


          Loesje Finland        
Loesje suomeksi - The Finnish Loesje crew

Ajatukset ja ideat voivat muuttaa maailmaa. Loesje uskoo vaikuttamiseen julisteidensa avulla. Julistetekstien tarkoituksena on avata ihmisten silmät näkemään maailma uudesta kulmasta, ja tehdä se myönteisellä tavalla. Loesje tarjoaa mieluummin vaihtoehtoja kuin osoittelee vaikeuksia. Loesje ei valista valmiiksipureskeltua ideologiaa, vaan antaa välineitä itsenäiseen ajatteluun ja mielipiteiden muodostamiseen.

Uusia juttuja: Loesjekäsikirja

read more


          The $35 bagel & Bay Area photos        
Some three days after returning to Melbourne from our vacation in Finland (more of which later), I was on the plane again – this time to San Francisco on business. Despite the less than optimal timing, I was looking forward … Continue reading
          A music post: music from the arctic, Norway, Australia, Scotland, and Finland        

I suppose I haven't posted any music lately. I've been listening to a lot of stuff though, here are some things on repeat:


          NHL Awards 2013 - meet the contenders        
In most part due to certain events occurring in the approximate timeframe of September 2012 to January 2013 that nobody connected with the NHL will talk about until Jeremy Jacobs next holds a friendly season-opening press conference EVER again, the usual lamevish Las Vegas awards bash is apparently on hiatus for at least a year.

Instead, this year's winners "will be revealed in two live television specials during the Stanley Cup Final", which I presume means Pierre McGuire will be carrying out at least some of the envelope-opening, hardware-giving duties in between the benches late in the third period of a tied Game 7.

The Great One later discovered barricading his daughter in her bedroom would be futile in the digital age
Until that time, here is a quick rundown of the main awards (those that are voted on) and those in the running:

Hart Memorial Trophy

Voted on by: Members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association
Supposed to be awarded to: The player adjudged most valuable to his team
In practice, normally awarded to: Whichever player got the votes of the only two writers who interpret "most valuable" in the same way

Sidney Crosby (Pittsburgh Penguins)
As well as his high skill level and competitive drive, famed for his high hockey IQ, although this apparently is not quite high enough to realise that the safest place to be to avoid a Brooks Orpik shot is directly in front of goal.

Alexander Ovechkin (Washington Capitals)
After something of a bounce-back campaign, now stands only 729 behind Pierre Turgeon's NHL record for most points scored after being buried by Dale Hunter.

John Tavares (New York Islanders)
Provides significantly more value than at least two of the players on the Islanders' payroll who have being a major award finalist on their résumés, by actually playing in games for the New York Islanders.

Ted Lindsay Award

Voted on by: Members of the National Hockey League Players' Association
Supposed to be awarded to: The most outstanding player in the NHL
In practice, normally awarded to: Ron Hainsey or Ryan Miller, if Don Fehr really wants to screw around with Gary Bettman and Jeremy Jacobs

Sidney Crosby (Pittsburgh Penguins)
Earned respect from the rank-and-file NHLPA members by spending much of October to January listening to a stream of extremely dull, PR-controlled rhetoric.  In between re-watching his DVR collection of interviews of himself, also found some time to attend a few labour meetings.

Alexander Ovechkin (Washington Capitals)
During the lockout, racked up 40 points in half a season playing against non-NHL calibre opposition.  In unrelated news, later scored 29 points in 18 games against Southeast Division teams.

Martin St. Louis (Tampa Bay Lightning)
Before achieving great success with the Lightning, was let go by the Calgary Flames for nothing at all, which is now widely regarded as the best return for a departing player the Flames have secured in the last 15 years.

James Norris Memorial Trophy

Voted on by: Members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association   
Supposed to be awarded to: The defense player who demonstrates throughout the season the greatest all-round ability in the position
In practice, normally awarded to: Nicklas Lidstrom

Kris Letang (Pittsburgh Penguins)
No stranger to individual awards, having won in 2007 the QMJHL's Kevin Lowe Trophy, presented to the defenseman adjudged most likely to bitterly reminisce about his success as a player while sustaining a failed executive career.

P.K. Subban (Montreal Canadiens)
Believed to have the opportunity to become the first player with a hockey term within his name to win a major individual award, after the failed attempts of Victor Hedman, Tanner Glass, Paul Postma, Lindy Ruff and Rudy Pokecheck.

Ryan Suter (Minnesota Wild)
The free agent lured away from the Nashville Predators by the extremely lucrative, decade-plus contract sanctioned by an owner with close ties to the NHL commissioner, instantly solidified his playoff-bound team, almost exactly as Paul Holmgren drew it up.

Vezina Trophy

Voted on by: General Managers of all NHL clubs
Supposed to be awarded to: The goaltender who is adjudged to be the best at this position
In practice, normally awarded to: The goaltender who is adjudged to be at least as good as Jim Carey and Jose Theodore turned out to be

Sergei Bobrovsky (Columbus Blue Jackets)
Aiming to follow in the footsteps of the last Columbus goalie to be nominated for the award, by playing wretchedly enough to be wanted by the Philadelphia Flyers.

Henrik Lundqvist (New York Rangers)
Has a chance of being the second European repeat winner of the award, following Dominik Hasek, recipient in 1994 and 1995, 1997 to 1999, as well as 2018 and 2019.

Antti Niemi (San Jose Sharks)
Famously worked part-time as a Zamboni driver during his junior days in Finland, the hockey player/rink maintenance combination giving him something in common with teammate Scott Gomez, who is responsible for the sharp decline in coins and beer cups being thrown on the Bell Centre ice during Montreal Canadiens games.

Calder Memorial Trophy

Voted on by: Members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association 
Supposed to be awarded to: The player selected as the most proficient in his first year of competition in the National Hockey League
In practice, normally awarded to: The player selected as the most proficient in what might be his third year of competition in the National Hockey League after what might be no or several years of competition in another professional league

Brendan Gallagher (Montreal Canadiens)
As a Canadian with an Irish name who was drafted by the Canadiens one spot after the Maple Leafs selected a Swede, has already ensured a legacy of providing Don Cherry with at least 15 years' worth of content for Coach's Corner.

Jonathan Huberdeau (Florida Panthers)
Born in 1993 and scorer of 14 goals in 48 games, making him the only candidate whose bio could also describe the team he plays for.

Brandon Saad (Chicago Blackhawks)
Led all rookies by a distance in the statistical categories of most goals scored while playing with Jonathan Toews and Marian Hossa and most assists gained while playing with Jonathan Toews and Marian Hossa.

Frank J. Selke Trophy

Voted on by: Members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association 
Supposed to be awarded to: The forward who best excels in the defensive aspects of the game
In practice, normally awarded to: The 50-point forward who best excels in probably taking a few faceoffs, being "gritty" and showing "hustle", plus faring well in the ultra-reliable defensive statistics of plus/minus and takeaways

Patrice Bergeron (Boston Bruins)
As well as being a member of the prestigious Triple Gold Club consisting of players who have won an Olympic gold medal, a World Championships gold medal and the Stanley Cup, is also in the even more select group of players who have scored a playoff series winning goal against the Toronto Maple Leafs and do not have English as a first language, following in the most recent footsteps of Jeremy Roenick.

Pavel Datsyuk (Detroit Red Wings)
Looking to win this award for the fourth time, which would tie him with Hall of Famer Bob Gainey, who was credited with significantly reducing the number of goals conceded by the Montreal Canadiens between 1973 and 1989 as well as the New York Rangers between 2011 and 2013.

Jonathan Toews (Chicago Blackhawks)
The youngest person (at 22 years, 41 days) to gain entry into the aforementioned Triple Gold Club, a feat to impress everyone except teammate, Patrick Kane, who boasts of earning VIP membership of at least 75 different clubs in Chicago by the age of 20.

Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy

Voted on by: Members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association 
Supposed to be awarded to: The player who best exemplifies the qualities of perseverance, sportsmanship and dedication to hockey
In practice, normally awarded to: The player who missed the most games through injury the season before

Sidney Crosby (Pittsburgh Penguins)
"Continued to evolve his game" and "a career-best plus-26 rating" are among the irrelevant reasons for his candidacy noted in the NHL.com awards feature, the Penguins' actual endorsement of "definitely not being Matt Cooke" mysteriously not being referred to.

Josh Harding (Minnesota Wild)
Among his other career accolades, winner of a silver medal at the World Junior Championships, so presumably the Masterton nomination is for finally escaping the prison to which Hockey Canada sends all its junior players that disgrace the country in that way.

Adam McQuaid (Boston Bruins)
Recovered from two surgeries resulting from Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, a condition sometimes developed by athletes who frequently raise their arms above the head, meaning Zdeno Chara now has at least one fewer congratulatory tap on the helmet when he scores a goal.

Lady Byng Memorial Trophy

Voted on by: Members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association 
Supposed to be awarded to: The player adjudged to have exhibited the best type of sportsmanship and gentlemanly conduct combined with a high standard of playing ability
In practice, normally awarded to: The player adjudged to have had the fewest penalty minutes when the voters quickly skim down the list of top 20 scorers five minutes before the deadline to send in their ballot

Patrick Kane (Chicago Blackhawks)
Presumably distraught on eventually finding out he wasn't in fact a finalist for the Lady Banger Trophy.

Matt Moulson (New York Islanders)
Drafted in 2003 by the Pittsburgh Penguins and quickly becoming the best goalie drafted in 2003 by the Pittsburgh Penguins.

Martin St. Louis (Tampa Bay Lightning)
Travels at high speed around the rink, most often directly towards goal, seemingly only a few feet from the ice, all characteristics that have the unfortunate side-effect of making him invisible to Lightning goaltenders.

Jack Adams Award

Voted on by: Members of the NHL Broadcasters' Association 
Supposed to be awarded to: The coach adjudged to have contributed the most to his team's success
In practice, normally awarded to: The coach adjudged to have the most candidates for the Masterton Trophy next year

Bruce Boudreau (Anaheim Ducks)
After being dismissed by the Washington Capitals in 2011, became the fastest coach to be hired after being fired in the NHL, although that sentence from Wikipedia possibly contains a small typo.

Paul MacLean (Ottawa Senators)
Famously spotted in close proximity to his doppelgänger near the bench during one game this season, bringing back memories of the Jack Adams winner in 1994, when Lou Lamoriello threatened to replace Jacques Lemaire late in the season with his reliable fall-back option, Jacques Lemaire.

Joel Quenneville (Chicago Blackhawks)
With 660 career regular season wins on his coaching record, on his current pace, can look forward to celebrating #700 around 15 games into the Blackhawks' 2013/14 season.

General Manager of the Year Award

Voted on by: General Managers of all NHL clubs and a panel of NHL executives, print and broadcast media 
Supposed to be awarded to: The top National Hockey League General Manager
In practice, normally awarded to: The National Hockey League General Manager Thought Most Likely To Be Persuaded By Other National Hockey League General Managers Not To Sign Any Restricted Free Agents To Offer Sheets This Summer

Marc Bergevin (Montreal Canadiens)
Notorious prankster who smoothed relations with the Francophone media and fans after the Randy Cunneyworth fiasco with his unique ability to conduct bilingual interviews using only a hand cupped under his armpit and squeezing his elbow to his ribs.

Bob Murray (Anaheim Ducks)
To avoid a repeat of a 2009 chair-throwing incident, the Ducks now employ Brian Burke to sit in the GM's seat whenever his former understudy returns to his office. At least that's the reason Burke is giving.

Ray Shero (Pittsburgh Penguins)
Made a series of smart in-season deals that would significantly enhance his credentials for this award by concentrating on making those deals with GMs who would be most likely to ensure that fewer than 30 GMs would be GMs when the voting took place.
          I think I love Finland — Floating somewhere between Corfu and Venice, Italy        
From Egypt to Vienna in a million steps and 7 weeks... wish me luck!
          jadwal pertandingan sepak bola seluruh liga luar negri        

updated every 1 min., don't refresh Last Update: 25/04/2010 15:12:46
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          Klart fler jaktlicenser för hjortdjur        
Finlands viltcentral har beviljat jaktlicenserna för hjortdjur för det nya jaktÃ¥ret. För höstens och vinterns jakter har beviljats…
          Finlands viltcentral lediganslÃ¥r tjänsten som viltplanerare i Kust-Österbotten        
VerksamhetsomrÃ¥det omfattar landskapet Österbotten med undantag för kommunerna Storkyro och Laihela. I regionen finns Ã¥tta jaktvÃ¥rdsföreningar. Till viltplanerarens…
          I Kust-Österbotten har 2610 jaktlicenser för älg beviljats        
Jaktlicenserna ökade med 290 st i Kust-Österbottens omrÃ¥de. Finlands Viltcentral Kust-Österbotten har för inkommande jaktÃ¥r beviljat 2610  st.(Ã¥r…
          Fler dispenser för jakt pÃ¥ brunbjörn än i fjol        
Finlands viltcentral har beviljat sammanlagt 170 dispenser för jakt pÃ¥ brunbjörn i stamvÃ¥rdande syfte för jaktsäsongen som börjar…
          Alert Notice 398: Eclipse of epsilon Aurigae        
July 10, 2009

The bright, long-period, eclipsing binary star epsilon Aurigae is predicted to begin its next eclipse late July or early August of 2009. The AAVSO is participating in a global campaign to record this eclipse as part of the International Year of Astronomy 2009 celebrations, organized by the Citizen Sky project (http://www.citizensky.org). Epsilon Aurigae is now past solar conjunction and has reappeared as a morning object. All observers -- both visual and instrumental -- are encouraged to contribute observations of the eclipse during the next two years, beginning immediately for morning observers.  Observations are urgently requested right now because it is less likely to be observed in the morning, and the eclipse will begin within the next month.

Epsilon Aurigae is a bright (V ~ 3.0 out of eclipse), northern eclipsing variable with a known period of 27.12 years.  Eclipses have a duration of several hundred days.  It is not currently clear what the eclipsing object is, although the leading theory is that it is a massive, opaque dust disk surrounding either a single massive secondary star, or a pair of stars in a tight orbit.  Observations obtained during this eclipse will help us to refine the properties of this enigmatic system.

Visual observers are particularly encouraged to observe epsilon Aurigae. For experienced observers, please observe this star on a weekly basis, using charts available via VSP from the AAVSO website.  For novice observers, we recommend participating in this observing program by following the Citizen Sky 10-Star tutorial program, which provides a simple training experience in variable star observing.  The 10-star tutorial is available at the following website:

        http://www.citizensky.org/content/10-star-training

Instrumental observers of all kinds are also requested to take part. Photoelectric observers belonging to the AAVSO PEP-V program may submit data as usual via the WebObs feature of the Blue&Gold section of the AAVSO website. Photoelectric observers may also contribute reduced observations in all filters (including infrared J- and H-bands) directly to the AAVSO via WebObs, and we note that Dr. Robert Stencel (Denver U.) and Jeff Hopkins (HP Observatory) are co-leading the precision photometry efforts in collaboration with Citizen Sky.

Observers using wide-field CCD and DSLR systems are also encouraged to participate. Epsilon Aurigae is a bright object, and care must be taken not to saturate the star. For those with narrower-field systems (D < 2 degrees), we recommend taking a large number (10-100) of very short exposures and then stack the resulting images. This will allow you to observe the variable without saturating, but also to detect and photometer the fainter comparison stars (V < 9) in the near field. For those with wide-field systems or DSLR cameras, we recommend using lambda Aurigae for the comparison star, and eta Aurigae as the check star.

More information about epsilon Aurigae photometric techniques is available here:

        http://www.citizensky.org/content/photometry

Please post questions to the Citizen Sky Forums:

        http://www.citizensky.org/forum

Dr. Arne Henden will be on hand to take your questions about this project via a live web chat on the AAVSO/Citizen Sky web sites July 10 at 1pm EST (-4UT). A transcript will be posted after the chat is concluded.

The following observations of epsilon Aurigae were submitted to the AAVSO during the past seven days:

JD 2455015.5785 (2009 July 3.0785), m(vis)=2.9 (S. Baroni, Italy);
JD 2455016.42361 (July 3.9236), m(vis)=2.9 (V. Makela, Finland);
JD 2455018.42014 (July 5.9201), m(vis)=3.0 (Makela);
JD 2455019.8757 (July 7.3757), m(vis)=3.0 (M. Bradbury, United States);
JD 2455021.5653 (July 9.0653), m(vis)=3.0 (Baroni);
JD 2455022.54167 (July 10.0417), m(vis)=3.05 (S. Swierczynski, Poland).

The J2000 equatorial coordinates of epsilon, lambda, and eta Aurigae are as follows:

        epsilon -- RA: 05:01:58.13 , Dec: +43:49:23.9
                V = 2.98 , (B-V) = +0.54 , (U-B) = +0.32

        lambda  -- RA: 05:19:08.48 , Dec: +40:05:56.6
                V = 4.71 , (B-V) = +0.62 , (U-B) = +0.12

        eta     -- RA: 05:06:30.89 , Dec: +41:14:04.1
                V = 3.17 , (B-V) = -0.18 , (U-B) = -0.67 

Charts for epsilon Aurigae may be obtained from the following links:

Advanced visual observers: Please use VSP as your source for charts --

http://www.aavso.org/vsp

Beginning and naked-eye observers: Please download and print the following chart from Citizen Sky:

[broken link]

http://www.aavso.org/observing/charts/epsaur-chart.png

Instrumental observers: A chart that includes both epsilon Aurigae and its closest comparison star is available at this link:

[broken link]

http://tinyurl.com/aavsoccdchart

This AAVSO Alert Notice was prepared by M. Templeton on behalf of A. Price, R. Stencel, and J. Hopkins of Citizen Sky.

---------------------------------------------------‬

SUBMIT OBSERVATIONS TO THE AAVSO

Information on submitting observations to the AAVSO may be found at‭:‬
http‭://‬www.aavso.org/webobs

ALERT NOTICE ARCHIVE AND SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION

An Alert Notice archive is available at the following URL‭:‬
http‭://‬www.aavso.org/alert-notice-archive

Subscribing and Unsubscribing may be done at the following URL‭:‬
http‭://‬www.aavso.org/observation-notification#alertnotices

Please support the AAVSO and its mission -- join or donate today:
http://www.aavso.org/apps/donate


          Well-Fin(n)ished        
Fiskars makes some of the best garden tools on the market and continue to manufacture their products in Finland where they have been making tools for a not inconsiderable 365 years. This wonderful photograph from the 1860s accompanied a recent press release from the company (I’m pretty sure those aren’t satellite dishes on the bridge!). […]
          Saviez-vous que le passeport suédois est le plus puissant au monde?         
passeport 
Saviez-vous que le passeport suédois est le plus puissant au monde?

Un passeport permet d’être un citoyen du monde-mais certains pensent qu’il devrait également travailler pour vous.
Par exemple, vous rendre riche, et vous permettre de voyager en toute tranquillité. Le passeport devrait être un peu comme une carte de crédit exclusive avec beaucoup d’avantages, profits de travail et d’énormes d’autres points.
De nouvelles recherches ont prouvé que le passeport suédois est le plus puissant au monde, car il est capable de vous faire entrer dans 176 des 199 pays du monde sans visa.
Nomad Capitalist, un cabinet d’experts-conseils, qui a récemment classé les passeports de 199 pays différents, confirme que la Suède et l’Allemagne se sont classées au premier rang dans le monde, l’Afghanistan en dernier et les Etats-Unis à la 35ème place.
Les passeports des pays ont été jugés en fonction de l’avantage qu’ils apportent en termes de voyages sans visa, d’impôts internationaux, de réputation mondiale mais aussi de capacité de détenir une citoyenneté double ou multiple et de liberté personnelle.
La Belgique, l’Espagne, l’Italie et l’Irlande sont classés derrière  la Suède.
Non seulement les Suédois peuvent visiter 176 pays sans visa, mais ils bénéficient également «de la capacité d’échapper facilement aux impôts suédois en se déplaçant à l’étranger», selon le rapport.
Les expatriés suédois peuvent facilement «échapper aux taxes élevées en Suède et aller vivre ailleurs où il y a des impôts moins élevés sans beaucoup de prises de tête», explique Andrew Henderson, le vétéran voyageur, entrepreneur et blogueur qui a fondé Nomad.
« Peu de gens se livrent à des combats avec les Suédois Â», a déclaré Henderson dans une vidéo postée mercredi .

Ci-dessous  la liste des 10 plus puissants passeports du monde avec le nombre de pays où ils peuvent vous faire accéder sans visas…

  1. Suède  109
  2. Belgique 108
  3. Italie  107.5
  4. Espagne  107.5
  5. Irlande  107
  6. Finlande  106.5
  7. Allemagne  106.5
  8. Danemark  106
  9. Suisse  106
  10. Luxembourg 106
 Afrikmag

          With Goldobin's season over in Finland, where's his next destination?        

Sharks have the day off today and therefore no media access, but there is a little something to ponder. Helsinki IFK's season is over in the Finnish Elite League, and so the Sharks will decide in the next few days… Continue Reading

The post With Goldobin's season over in Finland, where's his next destination? appeared first on Working the Corners.


          Jobs in UK - USA - EU - UAE | Job Seeker | Job Provider        
Search and apply to jobs in UK, USA, Canada, GreenLand, EU. Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy on the #1 job site in the World,http://www.empme.com/
          Quelques souvenirs de 2012        



Certains désespéraient, d'autres trépignaient, mais la patience est aujourd'hui récompensée : Infrasons publie un nouvel article ; le premier depuis plus de quatre mois. Un rythme de sénateur, me direz-vous ; mais un contenu toujours aussi impérial puisque vous trouverez, comme en 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 et 2011, une sélection des meilleurs chansons de l'année 2012 !

Trêve de blablas, place aux morceaux. En ajoutant simplement trois remarques :

1) Cette sélection récompense des chansons, et non des albums dans leur intégralité. Vous pouvez donc enregistrer le pire album du monde et avoir malgré tout vos chances de figurer dans la liste si le disque contient une bonne chanson.
2) Je me limite à une chanson par interprète.
3) Il n'y as pas de classement, si ce n'est alphabétique.

Vous pouvez télécharger l'ensemble de cette sélection (à quelques chansons près) en cliquant sur ce lien.


C'est une bien bonne idée qu'ont eu les Allah-las en choisissant le nom de leur groupe. Car, outre le fait de proposer un jeu de mot désopilant (Allah-las, hahaha !), il leur permet de figurer en tête des listes alphabétiques et, par extension, des sélections Infrasons 2011 et 2012. Révélés l'an passé avec le morceau «Catamaran», les Allah-las ont sorti cette année un premier album sur lequel ils déploient leur force tranquille, presque indolente.
Un peu de hip-hop avec le premier album d'un gamin new-yorkais de 17 ans : Joey Badass. Appelé 1999 et disponible en téléchargement gratuit, il comporte plusieurs morceaux très bien fichus. «Pennyroyal» sort du lot avec sa ligne rythmique sobre et son superbe motif à l'orgue qui semble sorti d'une boîte à musique pour enfants.
(Télécharger l'album 1999)


Commençons par la mauvaise nouvelle : Bare Wires s'est séparé en début d'année. Mais rebondissons sur la bonne nouvelle : le groupe a légué un dernier album (Idle Dreams), parfait testament d'une formation qui nous a enthousiasmé ces dernières années avec son glamage (mélange de glam et de garage) parsemé de riffs tranchants et réjouissants.

Un article (lire ici) leur ayant déjà été consacré sur ce site, Bikini Machine n'a plus de secret pour les lecteurs d'Infrasons. Les Rennais ont à nouveau sorti un album de qualité (entièrement instrumental), ouvrant sur un «Bikini Theme» rappelant les géénriques composés par John Barry (James Bond, Amicalement vôtre, etc.). Notons que ce morceau figurait déjà en 2003 sur leur premier album (An Introduction to Bikini Machine) dans une version légèrement différente.


Qu'on se le dise : les Anglais sont de retour ! Nous avons suffisamment fustigé la décrépitude de la scène britannique ces dernières années pour ne pas nous réjouir des excellents disques sortis cette année par Jim Noir, King Krule, les Moons, les Kumari, les Vicars ou encore les Draytones. Et qui dit retour des Anglais dit retour des Beatles...


Soyons francs : aussi talentueux soit-il, Foxygen est un duo déroutant. Ses chansons apparaissent tellement déstructurées, avec de continuels et brusques changements de mélodie, qu'il est parfois difficile d'y pénétrer complètement. La formule fonctionne cependant très bien sur le morceau «Make It Known», excellent morceau s'il en est. Une chose est sûre, ce groupe ne peut qu'être new-yorkais : la filiation avec Lou Reed et MGMT saute aux yeux.

Que ce blog soit frappé d'infamie et que le déshonneur s'abatte sur lui pour avoir omis de parler des Frowning Clouds jusqu'à ce jour. Car ces Australiens sont l'un des tous meilleurs groupes garage des dernières années. Après avoir écouté «Propellers», précipitez-vous sur «All Night Long», le tube imparable sorti l'an passé.

La chanson de l'année est l'oeuvre d'un obscur Néerlandais qui enregistre seul ses morceaux en jouant tous les instruments et en bricolant lui-même le son pour obtenir une patine 60s des plus réussies. Le résultat est stupéfiant : la Pop baroque de Jacco Gardner oscille entre les Zombies et le premier album de Pink Floyd, avec une qualité d'écriture exceptionnelle. L'incontestable révélation de l'année.
Il n'y a pas d'année réussie sans tube Power Pop. Cette mission échoit cette année à Gentleman Jesse. Tâche dont il s'est parfaitement acquitté, évoquant Stiv Bators, Elvis Costello et toute une myriade de groupes des années 1977-1982.


Belle surprise que Goat, groupe provenant de Korpilombolo, minuscule village de 529 habitants situé à l'extrême nord de la Suède, près de la frontière finlandaise. Autant dire qu'il n'y a pas grand chose à y faire sinon jouer de la musique. Et si possible de façon furieuse en mélangeant rock psyché, funk et sonorités asiatiques. Un son qui zlatane tout.


Granville s'inscrit dans le sillage dessiné par La Femme ou Pendentif avec une Pop francophone évoquant le soleil et les bords de mer. Mais la France est un pays façonné par ses terroirs, et tandis que les Biarrots de La Femme chantent le surf sur la côte basque, le son des Granville est davantage emprunt d'une mélancolie rappelant la Normandie et la baie du Mont-St-Michel.

Il y a 10 ans, la presse s'extasiait sur le retour du rock garage et, après avoir rapidement évoqué le renouveau du Folk (avec l'anti-folk), s'est depuis intéressée à la résurgence des années 80. Dès lors, et puisque la musique n'est plus qu'un éternel recommencement, nous devons nous attendre à un retour imminent du Glam (qui s'opérera forcément en grande pompe et avec des paillettes). Dans cette optique, Hacienda fait office de précurseur avec son Boogie-Glam et ses choeurs entraînants («ouh-la-la ouh-la-la-ouh»).


♫ Liechtenstein - Heads on Golden Plate
Sans faire de bruit, et aussi discrets qu'un paradis fiscal perdu dans les Alpes, Liechtenstein parvient à figurer pour la quatrième fois dans la sélection annuelle d'Infrasons. Voilà qui n'est pas un mince exploit lorsqu'on songe au niveau d'exigence requis. Avec leur impeccable album Fast Forward, les Suédoises sauvent l'honneur des Girl-groups, quelque peu en berne cette année.


Depuis deux ans, les Perpignanais des Liminañas ont trouvé une formule qu'ils répètent à l'envie sur tous leurs disques : un demi-tempo lancinant emmené par une basse décidée et un phrasé monocorde évoquant les productions de Gainsbourg. Quoique répétitive, cette formule est à nouveau gagnante, avec notamment l'excellent «Hospital Boogie», second morceau francophone de notre sélection.


♫ Madness - My Girl 2
L'une des très bonnes surprises de l'année car, soyons honnêtes, qui était au courant que le célèbre groupe de Ska existait encore ? Et qui l'imaginait capable de sortir un tube frais et dansant en 2012 ? Les papis font de la résistance, comme on dit.



 â™« Men - Candy
Face à l'inépuisable armada de groupes provenant de San-Francisco, New-York a tenté de rivaliser cette année avec plusieurs groupes ou interprètes de qualité (Foxygen, Joey Badass). Signés sur l'excellent label Sacred Bones Records, les Men ont contribué à la bonne forme de la scène locale. La folkisante chanson «Candy» démontre le talent du groupe.



Guitariste des prolifiques Fresh & Onlys (qui avaient figuré dans nos classements 2009 et 2010), Wymond Miles trouve le temps d'enregistrer des disques en parallèle sous son nom. Publié par Sacred Bones Records (comme l'album des Men), Under the Pale Moon rappelle très fortement les productions des Fresh & Onlys avec cette patine inimitable qui évoque aussi bien les déserts arctiques que les volcans islandais.


Britanniques jusqu'au bout des ongles, les Moons sont emmenés par Andy Crofts, ancien claviériste de Paul Weller (lui-même ex-chanteur des Jam). Tout cela pour dire que le groupe a été biberonné à la culture Mod et, plus particulièrement, aux chansons des Kinks. L'influence du groupe des frères Davies est ainsi évidente sur «English Summer», formidable morceau dont la démo circulait sur Internet depuis 2007. Andy Crofts y reprend les thèmes préférés des Kinks : la météo, la description des petits détails qui émaillent le quotidien des Britanniques, et même une petite touche de conscience «working class». Ajoutons que l'album Fables of History regorge de superbes chansons, comme seuls les Anglais savent en produire.
Attention, voici du lourd ! Et surtout du très grand. Originaires de Nashville, les Natural Child personnifient le rock'n'roll américain dans ce qu'il a de plus idéalisé et mythifié avec ce son bluesy qui donne envie de traverser le Nouveau Continent en Pontiac Firebird, fenêtres ouvertes et musique à fond. Voilà un son qui siéra aux amateurs des Rolling Stones (période Mick Taylor) et des Flamin' Groovies (période Teenage Head).



Ce morceau est fou. Du moins à partir de 2 minutes 25 lorsqu'il bascule dans une bulle féérique pavée de xylophones multicolores. Je serais gendarme que je prendrais soin de contrôler tous les conducteurs de Ford Escort pour vérifier s'ils ne roulent pas sous l'emprise de substances dangereuses ; parce que certains n'ont pas l'air net. Quoi qu'il en soit, cela fait réellement plaisir d'écouter un nouvel album du Britannique Jim Noir ; peut-être le seul musicien à pouvoir s'approcher aujourd'hui de la perfection Pop Beach-Boysienne.


Comme l'an passé, la sélection Infrasons laisse la part belle aux groupes de San-Francisco. «Parrains» de cette scène passionnante, les Oh Sees ont à nouveau été à la fête en 2012, parsemant leurs morceaux des ingrédients qui ont fait leur marque de fabrique : riffs répétitifs, chant saccadé, rythme hypnotisant. Ajoutons qu'ils sont quasiment les seuls parmi cette scène san-franciscaine à bénéficier d'une production sonore bien travaillée. Sur ce point, Bare Wires ou Ty Segall feraient bien d'en prendre de la graine.


A bien y regarder, cette sélection comporte très peu de morceaux de garage teigneux et enragés. Mais les Orwells sont là pour combler cette lacune. Originaire de la banlieue de Chicago, le groupe au nom très classe me rappelle fortement Harlem (formation qui semble par ailleurs s'être séparée). Les Orwells ont même un petit côté grunge avec ces enchaînements calme/accélération qui rythment leurs morceaux.


Autre groupe américain à suivre, le People's Temple (du nom de la secte qui avait organisé le suicide et le meurtre de 920 personnes en 1978) propose un garage psychédélique et sombre dont le son n'est pas sans rappeler celui du Chocolate Watchband. Ce ton mystérieux, légèrement inquiétant mais très réussi imprègne tout particulièrement la chanson «Right from Wrong».


Paul + John + George + Ringo + Rickenbacker + 1963 = les Resonars
Les mathématiques ont parfois du bon.
Et pour information, les Resonars viennent de Tucson, dans l'Arizona.



Originaires des îles Hébrides, au large de l'Ecosse, les Rivals se sont imposés comme les nouveaux n°1 en Grande Bretagne, obtenant le titre de meilleur groupe de l'année décerné par le NME. Co-écrit pour le groupe par Paul McCartney et par Paul Weller, le morceau «Sugar Babies» occupe depuis novembre la première place des charts anglais ; succès mérité pour ce titre qui a même réussi à mettre d'accord les frères Gallagher. Souhaitons-leur de poursuivre sur ce succès. Pour information, le groupe tourne régulièrement dans des petites salles à Paris et la première édition de leur tube «Sugar Babies» est encore en vente (en 45 tours) chez Mauvaise Foi Records. Il serait bête de passer à côté de pareilles occasions.


Derrière Souvenir Stand se cache Stéphanie Cupo, chanteuse et saxophoniste du New-Jersey visiblement marquée par les enregistrements de Phil Spector et des Shangri-las. La production a encore quelque chose d'amateur, mais les chansons possèdent un charme indéniable. Une affaire à suivre.


Les Australiens de Tame Impala ont à nouveau fait très fort cette année avec l'album Lonerism qui a atteint la 14e place des ventes en Grande Bretagne. Un succès étonnant pour un disque qui n'a rien à voir avec le reste du Top 50 car, avouons-le, cela fait bien 40 ans que le psychédélisme ne fait plus vendre. La production «hyper-méga-cosmique» de l'album a certainement contribué à cet attrait inattendu. Et cocorico, le disque a été enregistré en partie en France. D'où la pochette figurant les grilles du jardin du Luxembourg.


Autre groupe anglais à avoir fait du bon boulot cette année, les Teen Velvettes semblent davantage obsédés par la Californie que par la perfide Albion. Car c'est d'un groupe surf qu'il s'agit, et des plus efficaces.



Les Triptides sont l'un des groupes les plus injustement sous-estimés du monde. Cela fait pourtant deux ans qu'ils enregistrent des morceaux d'une beauté inouïe évoquant aussi bien le surf californien que la Pop délicate des Zombies. Outre l'album Sun Pavilion dont est extrait «Need You», les Triptides ont sorti un excellent 45 tours sur le label français Croque Macadam («Bright Sky» / «Darling»).



Nick Waterhouse ne plaisante pas avec la notion de rétro. Et pas question de faire les choses à moitié : quitte à jouer une musique inspirée par le rock 50s, le rhythm'n'blues, la soul 60s, autant travailler son look par la même occasion pour se transformer en sosie de Buddy Holly. En dehors de cela, Nick Waterhouse et son groupe forment un excellent groupe de scène et ont enregistré plusieurs chouettes chansons cette année. «Raina», certainement la plus soul, sort du lot grâce aux voix divines des choristes.



Une année ultra-productive pour White Fence qui, outre un album en duo avec Ty Segall, a sorti deux disques (Family Perdum, vol.1 et vol.2). La production «bricolée» des albums a tendance à lisser les morceaux du Californien, empêchant certaines chansons de ressortir et de se détacher. C'est chose dommage car White Fence a un réel talent d'écriture. Une production un peu plus dynamique pourrait tout à fait le rapprocher des Kinks période Village Green. Mais ne boudons pas notre plaisir, ces albums figurent parmi les meilleurs sortis en 2012 et offrent une liste de pépites longue comme le bras.




          Telepon Genggam Vs Kesehatan        

KOMPAS.com. Penggunaan telepon genggam di dunia terus meluas. Menurut International Telecommunication Union, pemakai telepon genggam tahun ini diperkirakan mencapai lima miliar. Manusia semakin sulit lepas dari genggaman telepon genggam di kesehariannya.

Kenyataan ini memicu kekhawatiran akan dampak jangka panjang radiasi akibat penggunaan telepon genggam terhadap kesehatan. Dugaan dampak radiasi telepon genggam terhadap kesehatan ini dimunculkan banyak peneliti dari sejumlah negara. Penelitian yang luas dilakukan menyebutkan, penyakit yang diduga berkaitan dengan penggunaan telepon genggam antara lain kanker, terutama kanker otak, serta penyakit yang berhubungan dengan saraf, tumor mata, hingga alzheimer.

Namun, penelitian seputar dampak penggunaan telepon genggam terhadap kesehatan, terutama peningkatan angka kejadian kanker, masih pro-kontra. Kesimpulan akan dampak radiasi gelombang mikro dari telepon genggam itu dinilai sumir karena teknologi telepon genggam ke depan masih terus berkembang.

Studi lainnya adalah kaitan antara penggunaan telepon genggam dan peningkatan kasus kecelakaan bermotor. Penggunaan telepon genggam saat menyetir dapat mengganggu konsentrasi yang mengakibatkan mudahnya terjadi kecelakaan yang merenggut jiwa.

Penelitian itu kemudian didukung dengan pelarangan penggunaan telepon genggam di jalan raya. Di Indonesia, pelarangan juga sudah diberlakukan meskipun pada kenyataannya tanpa pengawasan yang ketat.

Tetapi dalam kaitan kesehatan, seperti tumor otak, kanker kulit, atau penyakit-penyakit yang berkaitan dengan saraf masih belum ada titik temu meskipun dampak kesehatan itu dilihat dari penggunaan telepon genggam yang memperhitungkan lamanya seseorang menggunakan telepon genggam.

Di tengah upaya untuk memecahkan misteri dampak penggunaan telepon genggam dengan kesehatan jangka panjang, peneliti Inggris meluncurkan program penelitian terbesar di dunia pada akhir April lalu. Penelitian yang memakan waktu 20-30 tahun ke depan itu diyakini bisa jadi studi yang semakin obyektif untuk menganalisis dampak penggunaan telepon genggam pada kesehatan penggunanya akibat radiasi.

Studi terbesar di dunia tentang keamanan penggunaan telepon genggam itu bakal merekrut 250.000 pengguna telepon genggam di lima negara di Eropa. Pengguna yang diteliti dari Inggris, Finlandia, Denmark, Swedia, dan Belanda.

Prof Lawrie Challis, anggota peneliti, mengatakan, studi ini penting. ”Kami belum bisa mengatakan dengan pasti bahwa telepon genggam memicu kanker. Bukti-bukti yang ada belum kuat,” kata Challis.

Dalam silang pendapat di antara ilmuwan tersebut, dari sekarang perlu diambil langkah untuk memonitor pengaruh telepon genggam pada kesehatan. Hasilnya akan dinilai obyektif karena pengguna yang dipantau jumlahnya besar dan diamati dalam jangka waktu lama.

Mireille Toledano dari Imperial College London menjelaskan, studi ini bukan cuma diarahkan untuk kanker otak. Sebab, penggunaan telepon genggam amat beragam termasuk berselancar di situs internet, yang berarti telepon tidak selalu di kepala.

Yang akan dilihat juga adalah kaitannya pada masalah kesehatan yang lebih luas, termasuk bentuk lain dari kanker, seperti kanker kulit, dan penyakit otak lainnya, seperti penyakit neurodegenerative.

Dalam kaitan penelitian ini, yang dimasalahkan adalah biasanya tergantung pada berapa banyak penggunaan telepon genggam. Penggunaan telepon genggam akan dicatat detail.

Peneliti juga akan memonitor WIFI, telepon tanpa kabel dan penggunaan monitor bayi oleh peserta sebaik dengan penggunaan teknologi yang bergerak, untuk mendapatkan gambaran yang lengkap tentang terpaan pada semua radiasi tipe elektromagnetik.

Beberapa penelitian

Sejumlah penelitian yang berlangsung antara lain tentang pengaruh penggunaan telepon genggam pada tumor otak, yang dilakukan selama empat tahun oleh Universitas Leeds, Nottingham, dan Universitas Manchester and Institute of Cancer Research, London. Tahun 2006, peneliti Inggris mengatakan, tidak ada kaitan antara penggunaan telepon genggam dan meningkatnya angka kejadian tumor otak glioma yang biasa terjadi di otak atau tulang belakang.

Andreas Stang dari Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg di Jerman dan koleganya melakukan percobaan menguji hubungan antara penggunaan telepon genggam dan risiko uveal melanoma pada 459 pasien dan 1.194 pengontrol.

Mereka dikelompokkan menurut jumlah penggunaan waktu menelepon, tidak pernah menggunakan, pengguna sporadis, dan pengguna reguler. Tidak ada data signifikan antara penggunaan telepon sampai 10 tahun. ”Kami mengamati tidak ada peningkatan angka kejadian uveal melanoma di antara pengguna telepon genggam atau peralatan radio di Jerman, di mana teknologi telepon digital dikenalkan awal 1990-an,” katanya.

Peneliti lain menemukan ada banyak anak muda yang mengeluhkan sakit di ibu jari, leher, dan tangan saat mengetik pesan layanan pesan singkat (SMS). Studi itu dilakukan Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Swedia. Untuk mengatasi, perlu dilihat penyebabnya seberapa sering pengguna memakai keypad telepon yang kecil. Juga perlu diperhatikan postur tubuh dan jangan mengetik dengan satu ibu jari.

Bagi mereka yang gemar ber-SMS dalam waktu lama, disarankan jangan duduk dengan posisi sama dalam waktu lama. Perlu juga meregangkan jemari dan menggunakan dua ibu jari.

Memang belum ditemukan bukti kuat pengaruh kesehatan pada pengguna telepon genggam anak-anak dan orang dewasa. Para ahli menyarankan penggunaan telepon genggam untuk anak-anak mesti dibatasi. Anak-anak dalam pandangan sejumlah peneliti mudah diserang radiasi microwave karena saraf-saraf mereka masih berkembang, sementara tengkorak mereka masih tipis dibandingkan dengan orang dewasa.

Radiasi yang ditransmisikan telepon genggam bukan radiasi sinar-X, tetapi radiasi microwave. Sebagian ilmuwan khawatir akibat radiasi itu bisa menghancurkan sel-sel otak karena telepon dipakai dekat ke kepala.

Dari studi oleh Pusat Studi Pendidikan Universitas Sheffield Hallam, Inggris, ditemukan 90 persen anak di bawah usia 16 tahun memiliki telepon genggam pribadi dan satu dari 10 menghabiskan waktu lebih dari 45 menit memakainya. Penggunaan SMS di kalangan anak-anak juga tinggi.

Dalam situasi tak pasti disarankan setiap orang berupaya meminimalkan terpaan radiasi dari telepon genggam.

Penggunaan telepon genggam sebisa mungkin jangan sampai membuat ketergantungan yang berlebihan karena bisa memicu stres yang suatu saat juga bisa juga memicu kanker. Disarankan penggunaan hands free saat bercakap-cakap guna meminimalkan radiasi ke otak.

Sumber: Ester Lince Napitupulu


          Grr...        
Ahh! Nu är jag så där härligt arg igen. Det är inte ofta jag är arg och därför får jag njuta så länge det varar, och som vanligt när jag är arg så handlar det om pengar...

Kortfattat handlar berättelsen idag om att jag sålt ett spel på tradera och idag fick sms om att cd-nyckeln tydligen var registrerad. Hmm tänkte jag. Vanligtvis ställer bara cd-nycklar till problem om två personer försöker ge sig ut på spännande internet samtidigt med samma nyckel.

Men denna nyckel var lite speciell, den var nämligen kopplad till en helvetesapparat kallad "Games for Windows - LIVE".

Alla som kört Xbox känner till Xbox Live, ni vet den där krångliga saken man måste vara med i för att få ta del av allt roligt, och som dessutom kostar pengar om man t.ex. vill spela med någon annan, varför man nu skulle vilja göra det. Microsoft nöjde sig dock inte med att enbart förstöra för alla xbox ägare. PC ägarna som alltid varit en glad grupp stämde inte alls in i Microsofts världsbild. - Vi måste komma på något så att de inte är glada längre. Tror jag att någon sa, och vips så var "Games for Windows - LIVE" (eller GFWL) skapat.

Vad som gör GFWL till en mardröm är, förutom att trams med profiler, inloggningar och bös som man måste gå igenom för att ens starta spelet, är att den äter cd-nycklar. Ja ni läste rätt. GFWL äter cd-nycklar. När du väl matat den med din cd-nyckel så är den borta *poff*. Skulle du få för dig att ta kål på monstret, formatera datorn, eller vilja installera spelet på en ny dator. Ja då får du minsann hoppas att de varit snälla nog att ge dig tillåtelse till det. Vanligtvis låter Microsoft en spelare att aktivera samma nyckel 3 gånger. Efter det så säger den glatt till dig att nyckeln är förbrukad och du måste köpa en ny. Så om du råkar ha en ostabil dator, eller får för dig att skaffa Windows 7. Ja då kanske du inte får spela dina gamla spel mer.

Om du dock verkligen vill spela dina spel igen så finns det ändå hopp. Om du ringer till Microsoft och ber riktigt snällt så kan de ge dig en ny nyckel som du får använda tre gånger till. Detta gäller dock bara personer som bor i den, enligt Microsoft, civiliserade välden, dvs :

Australien

Österrike

Belgien

Kanada

Danmark

Finland

Frankrike

Tyskland

Hong Kong

Indien

Irland

Italien

Japan

Korea

Mexiko

Nederländerna

Nya Zeeland

Norge

Portugal

Singapore

Spanien

Sverige

Schweiz

Taiwan

Storbritannien

USA

Råkar du bo i något annat land? Synd för dig. Efter att läst igenom GFWL forum så hittade jag flera sidor med ledsna trådar med barn som råkade bo i något annat land och därför inte var berättigad någon hjälp att få en ny nyckel.

Så hur gick det då med det sålda spelet? Jo eftersom nyckel var bunden till mitt konto gick det inte att ge bort den utan att ge bort hela kontot. Tänk dig att köpa en bil och sen inte få sälja den, om du inte väljer att ge bort ditt körkort. Därför fick köparen tillbaka pengarna, och dessutom behålla spelet. Jag kände inte för att äga något GFWL spel längre....
          Salla Peltonen Is Back!        
Salla Peltonen has returned to Duke for the spring semester of 2017. She is  a Phd student at the department of Gender Studies, at Åbo Akademi University in Finland. Currently she is writing her dissertation on critique and epistemic habits in feminist theory, focusing on questions of epistemology, language and ethics. Her research interests include…
          OLHO SECO        


Depois de muito tempo sem postagens aqui no blog, trago hoje, essa que é uma das maiores bandas do Punk nacional, com alguns vídeos de várias apresentações ao longo de sua trajetória, incluindo músicas da turnê européia de 1999...


"Isso é OLHO SECO, SECO, SECO, SECO...



Olho Seco é uma banda punk brasileira, formada em 1980 em São Paulo.
A banda foi formada em 1980 quando Fábio no vocal, Val no baixo, Redson na guitarra e Sartana na bateria se juntaram para tocar.



Em 1982 participaram do Grito Suburbano, primeira coletânea de bandas punks brasileira e do festival O Começo do Fim do Mundo, ambos foram marcos do início do movimento punk no Brasil.

Em 1983 lançam o 7" EP Botas, Fuzis, Capacetes, que foi muito bem recebido e rendeu à banda o convite para participar de diversas coletâneas internacionais como Welcome to 1984, promovida pelo fanzine punk Maximum Rock´n´Roll.

Em 1985, seu 7" EP de estréia é reeditado em LP como um split com a banda Brigada do Ódio. Em 1987, lançam o álbum Os Primeiros Dias.., somente com gravações originais de demo-tapes de 1981 e 1982. Mais tarde esse álbum é reeditado em CD, incluindo faixas de demo-tapes gravadas em 1982 e 1983.

Em 1988, lançam o 7" EP Fome Nuclear com o estilo musical mais voltado para o thrashcore extremamente veloz, que se vai ao extremo no seu primeiro álbum Olho por Olho, pela Cogumelo Discos, em 1989. Algum tempo depois a banda se desfaz.

Em 1992 o primeiro 7" EP é novamente relançado como um split-LP, dessa vez com a banda Fogo Cruzado. Em 1995, a banda Ratos de Porão grava uma versão da música "Olho de Gato" no álbum Feijoada Acidente?.

Em 1996, Fábio se junta a Mingau, Marcos e Arnaldo e lançam o CD "Haverá Futuro?", com algumas músicas inéditas. Após a gravação do CD, a banda para novamente.

No início de 1998 o Olho Seco volta à tocar, somente com Fábio da formação antiga, além de Jeferson no baixo, Marcos na guitarra e André na bateria (membros da banda Agrotóxico), se apresentando por diversas cidades no brasileiras. Em 1999, fizeram pela primeira vez uma turnê européia, com 25 shows em 9 países, num total de 37 dias. O Olho Seco iniciou sua turnê em Amsterdam na Holanda, seguindo para Alemanha, Suécia, Dinamarca, Áustria, Eslovênia, Itália e Espanha, finalizando em Portugal.

Após seu retorno ao Brasil, o Olho Seco fez uma participação especial no show de lançamento do álbum-tributo a eles, intitulado Tributo ao Olho Seco, onde as mais expressivas bandas hardcore punk brasileiras, além de Força Macabra da Finlândia e Cripple Bastards da Itália fizeram versões de suas músicas. Nesse álbum, há uma música gravada pela formação original da banda, composta especialmente para esse lançamento, chamada "Crise da Fome".

Em 2000, o Olho Seco volta ao estúdio (pela primeira vez, ainda com a formação original) para gravar uma participação no álbum-tributo à banda finlandesa Rattus, editado pelo selo finlandês Fight Records.

Em 2011, o Olho Seco voltou aos palcos e participou do Festival Punk na Páscoa, no Hangar100 em São Paulo.
















          KAAOS        






Kaaos é uma banda de Punk Rock Hard Core da cidade de Tampere na Finlândia, formada em 1980, eles foram uma das primeiras bandas finlandesas de Punk a gravar um CD e embora sua formação tenha mudado diversas vezes a bandas ainda está na ativa.
O único membro que restava da formação original era o guitarrista Jakke que mais tarde se tornou vocalista e se manteve como o front-man do grupo até seu falecimento em 2007 aos 42 anos, aparentemente por causa do consumo excessivo de álcool.

Kaaos é descrita como uma banda tipicamente finlandesa da década de 80 com riffs puxados para o thrash, vocais rasgados e baixo pesadão, junto a uma batera muito agressiva.

As posturas das letras da banda no início baseavam-se em críticas ao governo e à polícia e mais tarde também aos diferentes tipos de crenças e religiões que muitas vezes são usadas para justificar guerras e as causas das guerras e do sofrimento.














          FCJ-166 ‘Change name to No One. Like people’s status’ Facebook Trolling and Managing Online Personas        
Tero Karppi University of Turku, Finland Whitney Phillips (2012: 3) has recently argued that in order to understand trolls and trolling we should focus on ‘what trolls do’ and how the behaviour of trolls ‘fit[s] in and emerge[s] alongside dominant ideologies.’ [1] For Phillips dominant ideologies are connected to the ‘corporate media logic.’ Her point […]
          Coffret J'apprends avec Moumine        
Paru le 24.09.2014 - Tove Jansson -

Connaissez-vous Moumine ? Né sous la plume de l’auteur scandinave Tove Jansson, ce gentil troll aux allures d’hippopotame blanc régale les enfants du monde entier depuis plus de cinquante ans. L'humour inimitable, le ton à la fois magique, innocent et enchanteur de ses histoires ont contribué à en faire des classiques intemporels et incontournables, réunissant les générations au-delà des frontières et des cultures. Un succès tel que les aventures de Moumine le troll ont depuis été déclinées sous forme de bandes dessinées ou de dessins animés. Un parc d’attractions lui est même consacré dans son pays d’origine, la Finlande !

P’tit Glénat, qui traduit depuis plusieurs années l’œuvre incontournable de Tove Jansson, ne pouvait manquer l’année 2014, qui célèbre le centenaire de sa naissance, pour sortir un joli coffret anniversaire rassemblant les 4 titres pédagogiques Moumine : Apprends les couleurs, Apprends les contraires, Apprends à compter et Tes premiers mots. L’occasion idéale pour petits et grands de (re)découvrir un classique indémodable de la littérature jeunesse scandinave et internationale.


          4 tarinaa alkuperäiskansojen ilmastokamppailuista        

Kaivosyhtiöt, rasismi, kolonialismi, öljyteollisuus – alkuperäiskansat ympäri maailman joutuvat kamppailemaan monia asioita vastaan saavuttaakseen oikeudenmukaisuutta ilmastoasioissa.

Kanadasta Hondurasiin, Brasiliaan ja Suomeen, alkuperäiskansat ovat puristuksissa hallitusten politiikan ja suuryritysten ahneuden välissä. Nopea ilmastonmuutos kasvattaa haasteita entisestään. Kun koko elämä, olemassaolo ja kulttuuri ovat uhattuina, ei ole mahdollisuutta juosta pakoon. Ainoa keino selvitä on pitää ääntä.

Maailman alkuperäiskansojen päivänä neljä aktivistia kertoo kamppailuistaan.

Arnaldo Kabá Munduruku – Päällikkö – Cacique

Amazonin sademetsään, Tapajós-joen alueelle suunnitellut padot uhkaavat ajaa Munduruku-heimon heidän kodeistaan, tuhoten satoja vuosia vanhan kulttuurin, elämäntavan ja elinkeinot. Yli miljoona ihmistä on jo osoittanut tukensa Munduruku-heimon pyrkimyksille estää Amazonin tuhoisa patoaminen. Päättäjät ovat vihdoinkin alkaneet kuunnella heitä: ensimmäisen patohankkeen rakennusluvat peruttiin viime viikolla! Munduruku-heimo jatkaa kuitenkin taistelua, sillä vireillä on useita muitakin patohankkeita. Heimo pyrkii myös viimein saamaan virallisen tunnustuksen asuinmailleen, mikä pitäisi sademetsän turvassa tuhoisilta hankkeilta.

Kuten kaikki tähän artikkeliin haastatellut henkilöt, myös Arnaldo on täynnä sellaista energiaa ja päättäväisyyttä, joka takaa että hän tulee voittamaan. Arnaldon päättäväisyys vie hänet Iso-Britanniaan asti, jotta hän voi kohdata Siemensin – yhden niistä yrityksistä jotka ovat mukana Amazonin patohankkeissa.

“Sademetsä ja joki antavat meille kaiken, mitä tarvitsemme. Ruoan, juomaveden, lääkkeet. Jos joelle rakennetaan pato, joki kuolee. Samalla kuolevat myös heimoni jäsenet, koko kulttuurimme. Lastemme tulevaisuutta uhkaa yritysten ja hallituksen kunnianhimo. Sademetsä on tärkeä myös muille ihmisille eri maista, sillä se kuuluu kaikille.”

Jenni Laiti - Saamelainen â€“ Taiteilija ja aktivisti - Suohpanterror

Saamelainen Jenni on taitelija ja aktivisti. Hän on ilmastosoturi, jonka loppumaton tahto tekee kaikesta mahdollista. Saamelaiset ja heidän perinteiset  elintapansa ovat uhattuina. He ovat taistelleet oikeuksiensa puolesta aiemmin ja aikovat tehdä niin vastaisuudessakin.

“Meitä ei oteta mukaan, meiltä ei kysytä eikä meille vastata. Emme ole asialistalla. Tilanne on sama kaikessa politiikassa Ruotsissa, Norjassa, Suomessa ja Venäjällä. Me käytämme maitamme kestävästi, perinteisten saamelaisten tapojen mukaan, mutta samaan aikaan elämme kolonialistisissa maissa, heidän lakiensa ja järjestyksensa alla. Omaa saamelaista tapaoikeuttamme ei tunnusteta. Perintömme, kielemme ja tietomme heikkenevät niin kauan, kuin elämme uudisasukkaiden kulttuurin varjossa.”

“He näkevät Lapin ja sen viimeisen eurooppalaisen erämaan kolonialismin kautta: tyhjänä periferiana, jonka he voivat yhä valloittaa. Jonka he voivat viedä meiltä, ja jota he voivat hyväksikäyttää kuten haluavat. Joku kysyi minulta kerran “Mitkä alkuperäiset asukkaat?”. Me! Emme taistele vain kolonialismia ja kapitalismia, vaan myös ilmastonmuutosta vastaan. Näemme, että elämämme ovat uhattuina ja seisomme reunalla. Jotta voimme selvitä, ei ole tilaa kolonialismille, eikä mitään annettavaa kapitalismille. Olemme jo nyt nurkkaan ajettuja. Koen että minä, perheeni, kansani ja alueeni olemme uhattuina.”

Gaspar Sanchez - COPINH (Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras)

Gaspar kuuluu Lenca-nimiseen alkuperäiskansaan ja on jäsen Lencan alkuperäiskansajärjestö COPINH:ssa, jota oli perustamassa Berta Cacerés. Alkuperäiskansan asuinalueille on myönnetty 51 toimilupaa patohankkeille. COPINH on tehnyt 49:sta niistä valituksen. Heidän kamppailunsa on vienyt joidenkin aktivistien hengen. 

“Kaikki nämä projektit ovat lainvastaisia ja luvattomia. Lainvastaisia, koska ne eivät seuraa kansainvälisiä konventioita, kuten artiklaa 169, joka takaa oikeuden etukäteiseen, vapaaseen ja tiedostettuun hyväksymisprosessiin. Ne ovat luvattomia, koska yhdenkään päätöksen kohdalla ei ole keskusteltu meidän kanssamme.

Alueemme ovat laajasti militarisoituja. Kun yhteisöt päättävät nostaa äänensä kuuluviin, heistä tehdään rikollisia, heitä ahdistellaan ja jopa tapetaan. Tovereitani on tapettu, koska he ovat puolustaneet jokiamme ja alueitamme. Pyhien Gualcarque ja Blanco -jokien tapauksessa viisi toveria on tapettu. Kuusi, jos lasketaan Berta Cáceresin salamurha. Ennen heitäkin on ollut uhreja, koska on selvää ettei tässä maassa ole alkuperäiskansojen tarpeisiin vastaavia toimielimiä. Olemme tällä hetkellä täysin puolustuskyvyttömiä. Hallitus ja sen instituutiot tekevät yhteistyötä poliitikkojen ja yritysten, joskus jopa huumekaupan ja organisoidun rikollisuuden kanssa, joten alkuperäiskansoja ei puolusta kukaan.”

Clayton Thomas-Müller – Mathais Colomb Cree -alkuperäiskansa – Stop it at the Source- kampanjoitsija, 350.org

Clayton kuuluu Mathais Colomb Cree -alkuperäiskansaan (Pukatawagan), Pohjois-Manitobassa Kanadassa. Hän on Cree-aktivisti, joka ajaa alkuperäiskansojen itsepäätäntävaltaa ja  ympäristöllisiä oikeuksia.

“Olen hyvin vakaasti sitä mieltä, että useimpien Kanadassa elävien alkuperäiskansojen edustajat jakavat ajatukseni siitä, mikä on ratkaisu kansainväliseen kriisiin ilmastonmuutokseen puuttumisessa ja sopeuttamisohjelmien kehittämisesssä. Ratkaisut piilevät syvällä kolonialismiin ja tunnustamiseen liittyvissä asioissa. Jotta Kanadan nykyinen talousmalli olisi menestyksekäs, täytyy heidän toteuttaa politiikkaa, joka siirtää alkuperäiskansat mailtaan ja vie näiltä oikeudet niihin. Näin alueilta voidaan kiskoa irti kaikki luonnonvarat, jotka sitten myydään eniten tarjoaville kansainvälisillä markkinoilla. Tämän täytyy muuttua.

Alkuperäiskansojen mailla tapahtuva luonnonvarateollisuus on uuskolonialismia – se on kaksiteräinen miekka. Yritysten toimet ja ilmastonmuutos vaikuttavat meihin suhteettoman paljon ja uhkaavat laissa säädettyjä oikeuksiamme metsästää, kalastaa ja käyttää pyydyksiä. G8-maat haluavat hyötyä ilmastokriisistä. Kanada rahastaa erilaisilla päästökompensaatiohankkeilla. Niiden turvin Kanada voi istuttaa miljoona öljypalmupuuta kehittyviin etelän maihin, ja kuitata näin kyseenalaiset öljyhiekkateollisuuden laajennukset pohjoisessa. Alueellamme on maailman toiseksi suurimmat luontoon sitoutuneet hiilivarannot, joten meillä on valtava vastuu pitää öljy maan sisällä. Jos Kanadan öljyhiekkateollisuus kehitetään sen täyteen mahtiin, ihmiskunta kohtaa loppunsa.”

Miten minä voin tukea alkuperäiskansoja?

“Jätä etuoikeutesi ovensuuhun. Kun järjestän asioita, resurssini eivät keskity hallitseviin luokkiin. Katson enemmän niitä yhteisöjä, joiden vapautus on sidottu minun vapauttamiseeni; joiden sorto on sidottu minun sortooni. Yhteenkuuluvuus on voimakkain väline sosiaalisissa liikkeissä”, Clayton sanoo.

Lisätietoja alkuperäiskansojen kamppailuista:

Indigenous Environmental Network

Indigenous Climate Action

Environmental Justice Atlas

Indigenous Rising

No REDD

Kirjoittamiseen osallistui Suzanne Dhaliwal, UK Tar Sands Networkin apulaisjohtaja

 


          New Yorkissa ja Helsingissä juhlittiin Pariisin sopimusta        

Image.. 
Pariisin ilmastosopimus avattiin allekirjoitettavaksi New Yorkissa perjantaina 22.4.2016 ja samana päivänä Helsingissä kokoontui Sitran, Greenpeacen ja Demos Helsingin kutsumana joukko yritysjohtajia, poliitikoita ja visionäärejä tilaisuuteen, jota tähditti Bloomberg New Energy Financen (BNEF) perustaja ja hallituksen puheenjohtaja Michael Liebreich. Hänen Global Energy and Investment Trends -esityksensä on tässä

Liebreich kehotti Eurooppaa toimimaan rohkeasti nyt, kun edelläkävijöiden joukkoon voi vielä päästä. Hänen mukaansa Suomessa tekeillä oleva harjoitus kokonaan uusiutuvasta yhteiskunnasta on tärkeä. Sillä osoitetaan markkinoille, mihin suuntaan halutaan mennä, mikä on mahdollista ja mitä on tehtävä, jotta tällaiseen tavoitteeseen päästään.

Toinen illan esityksistä, Aleksi Lumijärven (International Renewable Energy Agency) Roadmap for a Renewable Energy Future, on tässä.

Sekä Helsingissä että New Yorkissa kuultiin useita puheenvuoroja siitä, että Pariisin sopimus on käänne oikeaan suuntaan, mutta meidän on ryhdyttävä toimeen nyt. Ennätykselliset 174 valtiota allekirjoitti Pariisin sopimuksen perjantaina.

Pariisin sopimus astuu voimaan 30 päivää sen jälkeen, kun sen on ratifioinut ainakin 55 maata, jotka edustava 55 prosenttia maailmanlaajuisista päästöistä.

Maija Suomela
Ilmasto- ja energiavastaava

Ps. Videotaltiointi koko illasta on tässä


          Kimmo Tiilikaisen ja kumppaneiden Metsähallituslaki- vedätys        

Metsähallituslaki siirtää saamelaisten kotiseutualueella valtavia maa- ja vesialueita valtion tuottovaatimusten alle ja helpottaa alueiden liiketaloudellista käyttöä. Hallituspuolueet eivät ole halunneet myöntää näiden ns. tasesiirtojen johtavan kovempaan talouskäyttöön alueilla joita aiemmin siihen ei ole osoitettu tai jolla talouskäyttö on ollut hyvin vähäistä.  On kuultu vain se ”selitys”, että ratkaisuilla ”selkiytetään” tilannetta: ”mikään ei muutu” on kuultu useaan otteeseen.

Tänään ministeri Tiilikainen sai viimein myönnettyä eduskunnassa, että ”ainakaan tämän hallituksen aikana ei mitään huolestuttavaa tapahdu”.  Tulihan se sieltä.

Kyse on keskustan ideologiasta. Rahat irti luonnosta – mutta vain isoilla koneilla. Porotalouden ja luontomatkailun työpaikat ja tuotot eivät kepulle kelpaa. Nämä elinkeinot kun eivät kaada puuta, eivät myy rantoja mökkitonteiksi ja rakenna tuulipuistoja ja niiden vaatimia teitä, eivät aja rekoilla ja kaivinkoneilla. Raha on kunnollista vasta sitten, kun sen tuottamisesta jää kunnolliset jäljet.

Sen verran kuitenkin Tiilikaistakin hävettää – ilmeisesti raju kansalaispalaute, mm. 130 000 nimen adressi, että tämän hallituksen kehtaamisen raja menee tässä. Nyt avataan mahdollisuudet. Sitten myöhemmin toteutetaan.

Antti Haataja erittelee blogissaan perusteellisesti asiaa. Kannattaa lukea ja katsoa kauniit kuvat. Haatajan blogi kertoo siitä miten alueita uhkaa rakentaminen, tuulivoimapuistot ja muu raju maankäyttö.

Mutta tasesiirrot haisevat myös hakkuille. Ensin Inarin retkeilyalueella ja muissa virkistysmetsissä, ja myöhemmin luontaistalousalueilla, joilla Metsähallituksen julkaisemien tietojen mukaan on metsämaata noin 26 000 hehtaaria. Puustoa niissä saman verran kuin Inarissa nyt metsätalouskäytössä olevilla mailla keskimäärin, jopa hieman ylikin. (Lähde: Ylä-Lapin luonnonvarasuunnitelma, s. 34, 45)

Metsähallitus ja keskustan edustajat ovat hokeneet lain valmistelun aikana ettei mikään tule hakkuissa muuttumaan koska Ylä-Lapissa toimitaan jatkossakin ns. luonnonvarasuunnitelmien mukaan. Höpsänkeikkaa. Luonnonvarasuunnitelmat ovat Metsähallituksen omaa toimintaa. Kysymystenasettelut ja lähtökohdat asettaa Metsähallitus, lopputulokset päättää Metsähallitus, ja pohjana ovat tietenkin valtio-omistajan taloudelliset odotukset. Nyt Ylä-Lapissa on voimassa suunnitelma vuoteen 2021 asti. Sitten tehdään uusi. Sen perustana ovat kasvaneet tuotto-odotukset.

Omistaja ei aiemmin halunnut tuottoa, mutta nyt haluaa – mutta mikään ei muka muutu?
Muuttuuko sellaisen alueen käyttö, jossa on hakattavaa puustoa, ja tuottotavoite, verrattuna tilanteeseen jossa tuottotavoitetta ei ollut?

Metsää Inarin retkeilyalueella, siirtyy metsätalouden tuottovaatimuksen alle

Kuva: Inarin retkeilyalueen metsää Juutuanjoen- Otsamotunturin maisemissa. Tämä alue siirtyy luontopalvelujen hallinnasta metsätalouden liiketoiminnan taseeseen. Kuva (c) Matti Snellman/Greenpeace

Metsähallitus ja Inarin metsäpaliskunnat tekivät 2009-2010 ns. metsäsopimukset, joilla rajattiin merkittävä määrä vanhoja metsiä 20 vuoden ajaksi hakkuiden ulkopuolelle. Metsähallitus ei kuitenkaan suostunut tinkimään Ylä-Lapin alueella kokonaishakkuumäärästä, vaan uusitussa luonnonvarasuunnitelmassa hakkuumäärä pidettiin ennellaan. Tästä seurasi, että kun sama puumäärä revitään pienemmältä alueelta, jäljet näkyvät entistä selvimmin. Tämä on viime aikoina näkynyt paliskuntien ja Metsähallituksen ristiriitoina. Muddusjärven paliskunta on aiheellisesti huomauttanut, että sopimukset eivät olleet Metsähallitukselle avoin valtakirja koventaa hakkuita ja unohtaa normaalit lakisääteiset neuvotteluvelvoitteet.

Uusi laki ja tasesiirrot eivät tätä helpota. Niillä pahennetaan tilannetta entisestään. Biotalous on merkillinen ideologia. Se sahaa sellupuun himossa omaa oksaansa. Saamelaiskäräjät kertoi tänään pyytäneensä YK:ta reagoimaan Metsähallituslaki- farssiin. Näitä uutisia nähdään varmaankin jatkossa lisää.

Matti Liimatainen
Metsävastaava


          Valtion metsäomaisuutta ollaan järjestelemässä aiempaa rajumpaan talouskäyttöön        

Eduskunta päättää lähiviikkoina uudesta metsähallituslaista. Valtion maa- ja vesiomaisuutta järjestellään aiempaa rajumpaan talouskäyttöön. Uudistuksessa kärsivät luonto, virkistyskäyttö ja saamelaisten luontaiselinkeinot, esimerkiksi poronhoito.

Edellisen hallituksen saamelaisten maaoikeuksiin jo kirjoittamat parannukset on jätetty lakiesityksestä tylysti pois, eikä niitä ilmeisesti olla palauttamassa edes eduskunnan perustuslakivaliokunnan huomautuksen jälkeenkään.


Pois siis alkuperäiskansan vaikutusmahdollisuudet, ja sitten maata jalostamaan: pohjoisen virkistysmetsistä 40 000 hehtaarin alueella, esimerkiksi Saariselällä ja Inarinjärven rannoilla odotetaan jatkossa nykyistä kovempaa rahallista tuottoa. Keskustapäättäjät ovat ”rauhoitelleet pelkoja ja väärinkäsityksiä” väittämällä ettei mikään muutu lain myötä. Vastaamatta on jäänyt kysymys, miksi tuotto-odotuksia vaativia ns. tasesiirtoja sitten tehdään. Rahallista tuottoa ei tule muuten kuin kuin metsää hakkaamalla, myymällä rantoja ja tunturinreunoja mökkitonteiksi ja rahastamalla tavalla tai toisella matkailua, retkeilyä ja kalastusta.

Virkistysmetsät ovat vasta alkua. 330 000 hehtaaria saamelaisalueen maata, joka tähän asti on osoitettu pääosin porotalouden ja luontaiselinkeinojen käyttöön ilman tuottovaatimuksia, aiotaan siirtää tasekirjoihin luotavaan uuteen erään. Tarkoitus on helpottaa myöhemmin tehtäviä varsinaisia siirtoja talouskäyttöön. Poliitikot kiistävät, mutta Metsähallituksen luontopalvelujen johtajan mukaan ”…luontaistalousalueiden osalta tasesiirrot voivat jatkossa lisätä niiden liiketoiminnallista käyttöä.”

Inarissa on yllättäen tullut ilmi myös Metsähallituksen haluttomuus tai kyvyttömyys noudattaa vuonna 2010 solmittuja metsäsopimuksia, joilla aikanaan rauhoitettiin kiistat porotalouden ja hakkuiden välillä. Poronhoitajien mukaan Metsähallitus on nyt menetellyt kyseenalaisesti jo yli vuoden ajan eräillä alueilla Inarissa – useamman paliskunnan alueella. Neuvottelu- ja yhteistyövelvollisuuksiaan porotalouden kanssa Metsähallituksen Ivalon toimiston vastuullinen suunnittelija on toteuttanut esimerkiksi laatimalla hakkuusuunnitelmat valmiiksi helmikuussa 2015, istumalla karttojen päällä 10 kuukautta ja lähettämällä sitten hakkuukartan poronhoitajille joulun ja uudenvuoden välissä varustettuna saatteella, jonka mukaan hakkuu alkaa kuukauden kuluttua.

Metsäteollisuus on ollut huolissaan ennustettavasta ja vakaasta toimintaympäristöstä Suomessa, esimerkiksi Kajaanin Ärjänsaaren hakkuiden yhteydessä. Teollisuuden katse kannattaisi nyt pikaisesti kohdistaa eduskuntaan ja Inariin. Mitä voimme ennustaa asiakkaiden reaktioiksi markkinoilla, jos viesti Suomesta on Etelä-Suomen metsien suojelun puutteiden ja ympäristömerkeillä vedättämisen lisäksi kohta myös se, että teollisuuden suurin puuntoimittaja lämmittelee uudelleen alkuperäiskansojen oikeuksiin ja maailman pohjoisimpiin havumetsiin liittyviä kiistoja?

Matti Liimatainen
Metsävastaava


          Who is Linus Torvalds?        
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born on December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finland-Swedish software engineer best known for having initiated the development of the Linux kernel. He later became the chief architect of the Linux kernel, and now acts as the project's coordinator.
          Maroc Telecom commet des experts pour sa 4G+        

Pour un bon déploiement de sa 4G+, Maroc Telecom a requis l’expertise de trois équipementiers télécoms de renommée internationale notamment le  finlandais Nokia, le suédois Ericsson et le chinois Huawei. Devancée par ses concurrents mobiles dans la commercialisation du très haut débit, Maroc Telecom veut  proposer  un  super haut débit, plus rapide que celui de […]

Cet article Maroc Telecom commet des experts pour sa 4G+ est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          NAH v4.3 suomennos on täällä!        
Sauli, Leevi ja Antti ovat tehneet mahtavaa työtä suomentaessa viimeisimmän NAH v4.3 sääntökokoelman. Vihdoinkin maailmalla eniten käytetty sääntökokoelma on luettavissa suomen kielellä. Käy tutustumassa sääntöihin tulevia pelejä varten, oli kyseessä sitten mestaruusturnaus tai vaikka vain perjantain höntsäpoolot. NAH v4.3 suomennos … Lue loppuun
          Poolokausi on alkanut        
Poolokauden käynnistys tapahtui tänään kun tyttöpooloilijat kokoontuivat aurinkoisessa sunnuntaisäässä. Kesäaika! Pooloaika! #siirtymiset #tyttöpoolot #yksivaihde pic.twitter.com/siHaX7TnM3 — Eeva Helle (@visualisti) March 30, 2014 Kategoria(t): Helsinki
          Polkupyöräpoolon sisäturnaus Kokkolassa        
Mikäpä sitä talvella mukavammin lämmittäisi ja kaamosmasennusta tehokkaammin lievittäisi kuin lasillinen laatukonjakkia ja polkupyöräpoolon sisäturnaus. Cogkola Bike Pololla on ilo järjestää jälkimmäinen Kokkolan Urheilutalossa lauantaina 1.2.2014. Halli on tuolloin varattu turnauskäyttöön klo 10-19.30 väliseksi ajaksi. Tarkempi aikataulu, turnausmuoto ja otteluohjelma … Lue loppuun
          Kaleva Bike Polo Suckers on uusi Suomen mestari        
Kaleva Bike Polo Suckers vei vahvalla pelillä Suomen mestaruuden 2013 SM-turnauksessa. Kiertopalkinto menee siis jälleen Tampereelle, mutta tällä kertaa eri joukkueen matkassa. Polonoskopia Oulusta hyvästä vastuksesta huolimatta jäi hopealle. Pronssiottelussa kohtasivat  Tre Kronor Tampereelta sekä NKT Oulusta. Edellisten SM-kisojen mestarit … Lue loppuun
          Poolo SM 2013 -teaseri        
smpoolo2013.comKategoria(t): Yhdistys
          SM-kisojen kotisivut livenä!        
SM-kisoista saa nyt lisätietoja myös turnauksen omilta sivuilta osoitteesta: http://www.smpoolo2013.com/Kategoria(t): Kokkola, Yhdistys
          Tiistaipoolot Helsingissä        
Tässä hieman liikkuvaa kuvaa Odielta jokatiistaisesta poolosessiosta. Kategoria(t): Helsinki
          Polkupyöräpoolon SM – Kokkola, 31.08.2013        
Cogkola Bike Pololla on ilo ja kunnia järjestää toiset kovalla kentällä pelattavat Polkupyöräpoolon SM-kisat. Turnaus järjestetään Kokkolassa lauantaina 31.8.2013. OSALLISTUMINEN: Turnaukseen voivat osallistua kaikki suomalaiset polkupyöräpoolojoukkueet. TURNAUS: Turnaus on yksipäiväinen. Alkamisajankohta tulee mahdollistamaan saapumisen Kokkolaan pelipäivänä junalla tai omilla autoilla. … Lue loppuun
          Poolokausi 2013 on käynnissä        
Pitkästä talvesta huolimatta usealla paikkakunnalla poolokausi on jo täydessä vauhdissa. Tässä hieman Kimin kuvia Helsingin kauden avajaisista.Kategoria(t): Helsinki
          Pooloa YLE:n uutisissa        
Kokkolalaiset edustavat jälleen tällä kertaa YLE:n uutisissa. Lue artikkeli linkistä. http://yle.fi/uutiset/vauhdikas_pyorapoolo_ei_ole_snobilaji/6635894 Kategoria(t): Kokkola
          Negara Paling Korup 2016        
Kita semua tidak sukakan korupsi, satu perbuatan sampah yang kita mahu hapuskan daripada kalangan masyarakat kita. Dalam satu kajian yang dijalankan oleh Transparency International, mereka telah mengeluarkan senarai Corruption Perceptions Indes (CPI).

Berapakah CPI negara kita Malaysia? Nanti kita lihat sama-sama.






Dalam index yang dikeluarkan untuk tahun 2016, negara paling korup adalah Somalia, malah ia mememang rekod ini selama 10 tahun berturut-turut. CPI yang diberikan kepada Somalia hanyalah 10 point sahaja.

Makin rendah point CPI maka makin teruk tahap korupsi di sesebuah negara tersebut. Ranking top 5 negara yang paling bersih pula didahuli oleh negara New Zealand (90 CPI), Denmark (90 CPI), Finland (89 CPI), Sweden (88 CPI) dan Switzerland (86 CPI).

Bagi negara kita pula, Malaysia diberikan 49 CPI dan berada di ranking ke 55 dunia. Mata CPI diberikan turun 1 mata berbanding tahun lalu dengan 50 CPI.




Dalam kalangan negara serantau pula Singapura dianggap paling bersih di Asia Tenggara dengan 84 CPI berada di ranking ke 7 dunia. Dan negara paling kurop di Asia Tenggara pula adalah Kemboja dengan 21 mata sahaja diberikan.

Country CPI World Rank
1. Singapura 84 7
2. Brunei 58 41
3. Malaysia 40 55
4. Indonesia 37 90
5. Philines 35 101
6. Thailand 35 101
7. Timor-Leste 35 101
8. Vietnam 33 113
9. Loas 30 123
10. Myanmar 28 136
11. Cambodia 21 156


Negara besar seperti U.S.A pula dibeirkan 74 mata CPI, dan berada di ranking 18 dunia. Manakal negara China hanya diberikan sebanyak 40 mata dan berada di tangga 79. Russia lagi bawah dengan hanya 29 CPI, berada ditangga ke 131 dunia.

Berikut adalah senarai penuh ranking yang dikelaurkan oleh Corruption International bagi negara paling kurop 2016.



          Blue Star        
Cheesier
By: 
Scott Sullivan
Now Learndipity Data Insights, the same firm that conducted Bud’s Labor Day poll, has done “Finlandia Cheese’s Cheesiest, Meltiest, Gooiest Cheeseburger Survey.” “The results are in,” says Liz Bagot of Finlandia’s Grand Rapids Media Team, “and trust me, they’re ‘grater’ than you ever imagined.”

Unlike Congress, I’m pro progress. I support dropping news from newspapers — low-paid reporters are too expensive — and using more “lifestyle” stories gleaned free online.

Give me content providers, not writers, and audience engagement specialists posting buttons, banners and click-bait polls online drawing likes and hits I can peddle to advertisers. Depth? It long ago ceased to be time or cost efficient.

Two weeks ago I used this space to show Budweiser, which has never spent a Clydesdale dropping on ads in our newspaper, it can’t use its billion-dollar P.R. leverage to induce us to give free ink to its poll on Americans’ favorite Labor Day activities. Sample question: “Do we favor domestic (Budweiser) beer or imported beer?” I’ll bet you can guess that answer.

OK, we did ... and just did again. But not without first demanding Bud send the Clydesdales towing free samples to our office. Nothing so far. But once our legal team weighs in, I’m sure Bud will back down and pony up with the suds.

For full story, pick up a copy of the Sept. 22 Commercial Record or subscribe to the e-edition.


          Ilmu itu penting, Gred A yang tak penting        

Dipetik dari fb Azmira Amran

Edisi UPSR: Ilmu tidak boleh disamakan dengan bilangan A.

Memang Finns tak peduli pasal exam pun, diorang belajar sebab seronok, sebab hari-hari bermakna. Hari-hari belajar benda baru macam hidupkan api kayu, belajar pasal Malaysia, cara buat robot etc. Why do you think I came to Finland? 9000km away from emak and abah, just to learn the secret of Finnish education system! Bila dah tau, saya rasa kecewa sebab silapnya bukan sebab guru kita tak pandai, bukan sebab org kementerian semua jahat, bukan sebab anak kita bodoh, tapi sebenarnya kita terperangkap dengan sistem sosial kita sendiri.

Kalau nak dengar benda benar, meh saya bagitau benda yang saya belajar setahun lebih belajar pasal education system kat Finland ni. Tapi sila telan sebab pahit:

1) Sekolah adalah tempat belajar bukan medan ranking. Di Finland, sistem exam tiada, sebab semua sekolah di Finland, mempunya satu ranking sahaja, iaitu equal / sama rata. Tiada sekolah terbaik Finland atau sekolah tercorot Finland. Hantar je anak kat mana-mana sekolah dalam Finland, standard dia sama. Takde kelas pandai, takde kelas 'belakang'. Kat Malaysia, kita sibuk dengan ranking sekolah terbaik di Malaysia. Sekolah yang terbaik dapat tajaan, dapat partnership etc dan guru-guru stress sebab nak kekalkan ranking, sebab nanti ibu bapa bising kalau pencapaian merudum. Bila ibu bapa bising-bising, guru besar stress, bila guru besar stress, guru-guru pula stress, diorang paksa murid2 telan ilmu (bukan belajar ilmu) melalui hafalan dan cara jawab exam dan pastu murid-murid pula stress. So bilanya nak belajar? Yang ibubapa sesetengahnya, cakap tak kisah anak dapat berapa A. Tapi lepas tu masih lamenting the fact anak dia 'kurang sikit' dari anak orang lain, sebab tu tak dapat masuk asrama. Come onnnn.

2) Jenis ilmu yang dipelajari. Di Finland, mereka menekankan kepentingan belajar benda yang boleh diaplikasikan dalam dunia sebenar. Sebab tu banyak project-based. Dari zaman tadika lagi, guru dah bawa masuk hutan untuk belajar pasal jenis-jenis kulit pokok. Seminggu belajar pasal tu je. Dalam kata lain, diorang menggunakan KBAT dalam seharian, tp takde pun diorang labelkan KBAT tu. Kat Malaysia? Heboh dengan KBAT, tp tak paham konsep KBAT. Siap buat exam on KBAT! Really? Tu tak masuk ibu bapa call guru besar sebab kelas anak dia, cikgu tak habis lagi Chapter 9 dalam textbook sebab kelas sebelah dah start Chapter 10. Heboh pula sebab dalam test takde pun keluar sebijik macam textbook?

3) Kat sini takde exam sebab grade bukan penentu kecemerlangan. Di Finland, umur habis tadika pun ramai lagi yang tak reti membaca. Kerja diorang dalam kelas, bermain. Sebab dari main tu lah diorang belajar mengenai interaksi sosial, belajar mengenai akhlak dan etika, belajar mengenai alam, belajar mengenai sains dan matematik dan bahasa. Kat Malaysia, anak kurang dapat A dalam UPSR dah menggelabah sebab tak dapat masuk asrama. Siapa yang buat sistem ranking sekolah berasrama ni in the first place?  Siapa yang buat sistem kasta ni?  Dan tanya diri sendiri sebagai parents, siapa yang paksa2 anak-anak untuk masuk sistem kasta ni? Tanya betul-betul kat diri sendiri, berapa banyak soalan dalam exam UPSR tu membantu budak-budak mengenali dunia sekeliling? Bila kementerian nak abolish UPSR, masing2 mengamuk. Tapi nak jadi Finland. Truth is, we cannot. Sebab dah jauh terperangkap dalam traps yang kita sendiri bina.

4) Sistem ekonomi di sini membantu rakyat dia untuk fokus mengenali diri sendiri. Duit bukan kepentingan, sebab kat sini kalau lepas graduate tak dapat cari pekerjaan, government akan bayar elaun sementara diorang dapat kerja. Ibu2 melahirkan anak pula cuti setahun, dengan gaji dibayar government. Orang-orang miskin dapat bantuan. Orang-orang yang sakit belakang sebab kerja lama sangat dapat bantuan urut dari health centre. Orang-orang yang stress diberi cuti sehingga hilang stress.
Pelajar-pelajar pula dapat peluang belajar dari tadika sampai phd - FREE dan dapat elaun bulanan untuk tolong pelajar bayar sewa rumah dan makan. Kat Malaysia?

Look, jangan tersilap yang saya ni cakap orang Finland rasa akademik tak penting. Orang sini majoriti mempunyai minimum masters degree. ILMU tu penting. Grade A yang tak penting.


          Album Review: Nightwish - "Endless Forms Most Beautiful"        

For as much flack as I got about my interest in heavy metal as a youth, it has done more to expand my intellectual horizons than any teacher I've ever had. Were it not for Metallica's "For Whom The Bell Tolls" I would probably not have discovered the work of Ernest Hemmingway. Chances are I would not have sought out the Samuel Taylor Coleridge poem "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" if not for the Iron Maiden song of the same name. Art and literature have often been part and parcel with heavy metal music.

Continuing the tradition, or perhaps taking it to an extreme, is the new record from Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish.

Symphonic metal, by the way, is a genre that incorporates elements of classical music with what we traditionally think of when we think "metal".

There has long been a correlation between metal and classical music but Nightwish incorporates actual orchestral instruments in their songs and according to their bio "proudly features the participation of London's The Metro Voices choir group, London's Young Musicians Children's Choir, and the Orchestre De Grandeur led by the esteemed orchestral arranger Pip Williams, who teaches Music and Music Technology at the London College of Music".

That's a lot of guest musicians.
 
Nightwish is a female fronted band that has been around for a number of years and has gone though a number of personnel changes in that time, not the least of which is their new lead vocalist Floor Jansen. I'm a fan of Jansen's work with ReVamp so I was excited to hear her work on the new Nightwish album, "Endless Forms Most Beautiful".

The title of the album sort of gives it away. There's a theme running throughout "Endless Forms Most Beautiful". That theme is beauty, inspired by the works of American poet and essayist Walt Whitman, English author and journalist Christopher Hitchens and English evolutionary biologist and writer Richard Dawkins. Dawkins, by the way, also plays a more direct role on the record but more about that later.

There's some pretty deep stuff going on here.

In addition to the aforementioned Jensen, Nightwish is comprised of founder and keyboardist Tuomas Holopainen, guitarist Emppu Vuorinen, Marco Hietala on bass, drummer Jukka Nevalainen and, also new to the band, Troy Donockley who plays, among other things, uilleann pipes, tin whistle and bouzouki.

Clearly, these folks are serious about creating complex, multi-layered music.

The music Nightwish has composed for this album is upbeat, heavily influenced by classical style compositions and metal. And, to clarify, by "upbeat" I mean it has a very positive, uplifting vibe throughout but that's to be expected from the "Endless Forms Most Beautiful" theme.

With a running time of nearly 80 minutes, Nightwish packs a lot of punch into the album. It would take far too much space to break down each track in this review so I'll just hit the highlights.

The record kicks off with a song titled "Shudder Before The Beautiful". The intro of the song is spoken word narration by Richard Dawkins before it slams into a high intensity musical hook that reminded me of the theme song from the "Mortal Kombat" movie. Then the beautiful vocals of Floor Jensen joined in and knocked me back to reality. The song is thick with instrumentation, keyboards, and the metal guitar of Vuorinen. There's a lot going on but the roots of the band are clearly based in metal.

One of the more rockin' numbers is the title track "Endless Forms Most Beautiful". This song, as well as many of the others, is hook-laden with catchy riffs and memorable vocals. That's not such an easy feat when your chosen style is symphonic metal. Again, Jensen does not fail to impress with every note she sings.

The album concludes with the 24 minute epic "The Greatest Show On Earth" once again featuring Professor Dawkins reciting the Charles Darwin passage from which the album took its name. "The Greatest Show On Earth", by the way, is also the title of Dawkins 2009 book on evolution.

"Endless Forms Most Beautiful" is as much a film score (without the film) as it is a heavy metal album and Nightwish are storytellers as much as they are a heavy metal band. As one of the top bands in Finland they have received over sixty gold and platinum awards for their work and this latest album goes a long way toward explaining why and how. Creating a metal album based on literature and science is a daunting task but Nightwish has accomplished that very thing seemingly undaunted.

It's heady stuff but if you're the type of metal fan that enjoys exploring the boundaries and doesn't mind a bit of culture mixed in with your metal then give this one a shot. You might just learn something.
 

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          Album Review: Von Hertzen Brothers - "New Day Rising"        

The word of the day is "eclectic" and the band that brings this word to mind is Von Hertzen Brothers. Regular readers of the Bloody Good Horror metal reviews know that my fellow reviewers and I delight in bringing you, the reader, the very best new metal bands from around the world. While the Von Hertzen brothers hail from Finland the music they play is not what the average listener would immediately think of as metal.

As you might guess the band is made up of three brothers, Jonne, Mikko and Kie von Hertzen as well as drummer Mikko Kaakkuriniemi (Say that three times fast) and keyboard player Juha Kuoppala.

Von Hertzen Brothers are not new to the music scene. Individually, the brothers spent the 90s playing in various bands throughout the Finnish music scene before coming together as a family music group in 2000. Their latest album "New Day Rising" is the group's sixth album together and the music contained within is... let's call it eclectic.

As I mentioned, "New Day Rising" doesn't really strike you as metal initially. However, once you sift throught the layers, you'll find it does contain a lot of the elements from which metal is made. Obviously the duel guitars of the brothers Von Hertzen are an indicator of the metal influence as are the sweeping arpeggios and guitar solos found throughout. Overall the music is on the heavy side but utilizes keyboards and harmonies and at times leans toward something much more rooted in pop than metal.

The album tends to go back and forth between upbeat, melodic, pop-influenced rock songs and soulful, melodious songs with lyrics based on unrequited love and soul-searching. By the way, in spite of the fact that the band is Finnish, the lyrics are sung in English and well sung at that.

Vocally, Mikko Von Hertzen hangs in the upper register, somewhere north of Freddy Mercury of Queen. His voice is pleasant yet occasionally haunting. And the harmonies he and his brother create are unmatched. Frankly, the two are on par with classic harmonists like the Everly Brothers and Crosby, Stills and Nash.

"New Day Rising" kicks off with the title track, a guitar heavy little ditty that is more hard rock than heavy metal but incorporates metal elements to create an uplifting song that showcases those amazing harmonies throughout.

"You Don't Know My Name" is an up-tempo track that starts off like it's going to be really heavy but then evolves into something more pop-like. The guitars and fast paced drum beat again brings that metal feel and just a bit more. The proficiency of the musicians distracts the listener from the true complexity of the tune and fact that the song is actually a bit more progressive than you would notice at first flush.

For those who insist on something metal to sink your teeth into, one of the heaviest cuts on the album is the song "Trouble". It has a bluesy, Alice In Chains style guitar riff and contains some of the most powerful vocals on "New Day Rising".

"Love Burns" is simply one of the best composed songs this reviewer has heard in quite some time. It begins with a melody that's reminiscent of the soundtrack from an old-school Nintendo game and gradually builds upon itself, creating layers of instrumentation until exploding into a crescendo of music and vocals that is both exhilarating and exhausting.

The biggest surprise on the album is a jaunty (yes, jaunty) piano based song that is unlike anything else on the record and is my pick for the feel-good hit of the summer. The song is "Dream" and it is about as far from metal as you can get yet is still my favorite from "New Day Rising". Some astute ad exec is going to find this tune and use it to sell ipads, droid phones or Heineken. It's just one of the happiest songs I think I've ever heard. It's fun and it's something completely different. Formed mostly with piano and drums it has an infectious vocal riff that I just can't get enough of.

The Von Hertzen Brothers are clearly not your average heavy metal band but they still rank up near the top as far as well played, well produced music goes. The band has already hit number one in Finland with a few of their previous releases and I think it may just be a matter of time before they reach a similar level in the U.S. and beyond. Unfortunately, I'm not sure my description of "New Day Rising" can begin to explain what's actually happening on the album. Eclectic? To be sure but Von Hertzen Brothers' music is universal, all-embracing and certainly has broad appeal. If you're feeling a bit adventurous then I encourage you to give this one a listen.

 

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          Could There Have Actually Been Finns Among The Vikings?        

Very much unlike the cases of early medieval Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands, documentation regarding the Viking Age in Finland is very scarce. Possibly with the exception of the Åland Islands (an autonomous Swedish-speaking archipelago situated in the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea), there is little information on how the Viking period...

The post Could There Have Actually Been Finns Among The Vikings? appeared first on The Dockyards.


          Et si les vaches nous protégeaient des allergies ?        
Avec une fréquence qui a triplé en trente ans, les allergies deviennent un véritable fléau de santé publique...d'autant plus que les mécanismes de ces maladies sont encore mal compris. Un constat pourtant offre une piste prometteuse : les enfants en contact avec le monde agricole de production laitière ont un risque réduit de devenir allergiques.

Un projet européen, PASTURE, réunit cinq pays (Allemagne, Autriche, Suisse, Finlande et France) pour, dans un premier temps, identifier les substances qui protègent ces enfants, et dans un second temps, examiner les possibilités de développer des mesures de prévention. Mille enfants nés dans un milieu rural, et pour moitié dans une ferme, sont donc suivis, et ceci jusqu'à l'adolescence.

Pour faire état des premiers résultats - qui confirment bien l'hypothèse de départ -, le groupe de spécialistes se réunit à Arc-et-Senans (25) les 29 et 30 mai 2006. C'est en effet le laboratoire SERF - Santé et environnement rural Franche-Comté - qui participe à ce travail pour la France.
          Negara-negara Asal Sepakbola Deg-degan Menunggu Pengundian        

Pengundian babak kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2018 akan dilakukan Sabtu malam, sekitar pukul 23.00 WIB. Di bawah ini adalah daftar unggulan dan berbagai skenario buruk maupun baik yang bisa menimpa negara-negara asal sepakbola: Inggris, Wales, Skotlandia dan Irlandia Utara.

Berita Bola: Negara-negara Asal Sepakbola Deg-degan Menunggu Pengundian
Pot 1: Jerman, Belgia, Belanda, Portugal, Romania, Inggris, Wales, Spanyol, Kroasia
Pot 2: Slovakia, Austria, Italia, Swiss, Republik Ceko, Prancis, Islandia, Denmark, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Pot 3: Ukraina, Skotlandia, Polandia, Hungaria, Swedia, Albania, Irlandia Utara, Serbia, Yunani
Pot 4: Turki, Slovenia, Israel, Republik Irlandia, Norwegia, Bulgaria, Kepulauan Faroe, Montenegro, Estonia
Pot 5: Siprus, Latvia, Armenia, Finlandia, Belarusia, Makedonia, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Moldova
Pot 6: Kazakhstan, Luksemburg, Liechtenstein, Georgia, Malta, San Marino, Andorra
Inggris dan Wales tidak mungkin bertemu dalam satu grup karena mereka sama-sama tim unggulan yang masuk dalam Pot 1.
Namun, mereka masih bisa ketemu dengan negara tertentu dari Pot 2 seperti Italia (saat ini peringkat 17 di dunia) atau Perancis (peringkat 22), sementara tandang ke negara-negara tertentu seperti Swedia, Polandia atau Ukraina bisa menjadi laga yang sulit.
Wales, Irlandia Utara dan Skotlandia bisa saja masuk ke dalam grup yang berisikan lima tim, bukan enam – yang dapat membantu peluang mereka lolos ke putaran final di Rusia.
Tim-tim Eropa akan dibagi ke dalam sembilan kelompok – tujuh grup dengan enam tim dan dua grup hanya beranggotakan lima tim.
Berikut adalah skenario terbaik dan terburuk dari empat negara asal sepakbola itu.
Inggris
Tiket impian:
Inggris, Islandia, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova, Andorra
Skenario terburuk:
Inggris, Italia, Swedia, Turki, Finlandia, Kazakhstan
Wales
Tiket impian:
Wales, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova
Skenario terburuk:
Wales, Prancis, Ukraina, Turki, Siprus, Georgia
Skotlandia
Tiket impian:
Skotlandia, Wales, Islandia, Estonia, Lithuania
Skenario terburuk:
Skotlandia, Jerman, Italia, Turki, Makedonia, Kazakhstan
Irlandia Utara
Tiket impian:
Irlandia Utara, Rumania, Islandia, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova
Skenario terburuk:
Irlandia Utara, Spanyol, Prancis, Republik Irlandia, Belarusia, Malta

          Advantages And Disadvantages Of Bus Tours        
This article will not be considered criteria for choosing a travel company where you could request the organization of their leisure time. This subject is widely covered, both online and in other media. Publication As one specific way to spend leisure time, namely, bus tours. And its goal - to help the reader understand that, if he comes this holiday. What is meant by bus tours? Bus transfer from the Egyptian Pyramids to Petra, Jordan (palace carved into the rock) - it's not a bus tour, it is - an extreme. A trip to the sights of Moscow or St. Petersburg on Icarus, it's not a bus tour and tour. Bus tour - it comfortable modern car with comfortable seating and large windows and beautiful roads in Finland, Sweden, Czech Republic, Germany, Spain, Italy, France and even, through a tunnel under the English Channel, England (UK). In summary, form under the bus tour we mean bus tours in Europe. And even though the border between Europe and Asia runs along the Ural mountains, in our case it is practically on the Limits of the socialist camp. I want to make a reservation immediately. Despite the fact that the title of the article mentions the advantages and disadvantages of travel on buses, we will talk about the merits. The reason is quite simple - that for a traveler would be an advantage, then, for another it may be a disadvantage. So, basically, we consider the bus tours to the positive side, noting, briefly, some inconvenience may arise during the trip.
          What next for Eastern Europe?        
While President Trump tweets, the United States and Russia drift towards war over Syria, and the new Thirty Years War between Shi'ite and Sunni continues on many fronts, another critical drama is playing out in the Eastern half of the European continent.  I find it particularly interesting because it is a replay of the drama I described about 40 years ago in my first book, Economic Diplomacy and the Origins of the Second World War, which is linked at left and available as an e-book.

For the first few centuries of the modern era the peoples of Eastern Europe lived under large empires.  The Ottoman Empire had reached Europe in the 15th century and eventually included what is now Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, Rumania, some of the nations of the former Yugoslavia, and Hungary.  The Tsar of Russia ruled what are now the Baltic States and, by the 19th century, Poland.  The Holy Roman Empire--which in 1806 became the Austrian Empire, and in 1867 the Austro-Hungarian Empire--included parts of Poland and the present-day Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia and Slovenia.  All these peoples, to varying degrees, developed nationalist movements during the 19th century.

The enormous strain of the First World War proved too much not only for the Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires, but also for the German Empire.  The Allies--France, Britain, Italy and eventually the US as well--sponsored the claims of some of the national movements in their territory.  In January 1918, in his Fourteen Points, Woodrow Wilson endorsed an independent Poland and autonomy (not independence) for the peoples of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires.  When those nations collapsed ten months later, various national movements proclaimed new states.

As the brilliant but eccentric English historian A. J. P. Taylor noted in 1961, the post-1919 settlement in Eastern Europe reflected the astonishing fact that both Germany and Russia had been defeated. Only that allowed for the re-creation of an independent Poland, the new states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia,a larger Rumania, independent Poland and Finland, and the three Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.  It seemed in 1918-9 that things might go even further and that Ukraine might become independent as well, but the Bolsheviks managed to secure control over it in the Russian civil war.  These states were economically and politically weak.  Nearly all of them initially formed some kind of democratic government, encouraged down that path by the western powers.

In the short run, several of the new states--Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania--were threatened by Hungary, which had lost huge territories at the peace conference, while in the long run Czechoslovakia and Poland had to worry about a resurgent Germany. France, eager to cement its status as the leading power in Europe, offered all those states some kind of alliance.  Clearly the French would have trouble defending them once the Germans or Russians regained their military strength, but the French were counting on keeping the Germans weak.  The alliances faced no serious threats until after the rise of Hitler.

By then all these countries had undergone profound political changes.  While all of them had begun as democracies, only Czechoslovakia, Finland and the Baltic States were still electing their governments by the early 1930s--the rest had come under some form of authoritarian rule.  The agricultural states among them, as I showed in my book, came under German influence after 1935 because the Germans, desperate for food, offered them a market for their produce.  In 1938 Hitler managed to destroy Czechoslovakia when the French abandoned their alliance.  In 1939-40, Hitler and Stalin concluded the Nazi-Soviet Pact. They partitioned Poland and the Soviets incorporated the Baltic States.  Hungary and Rumania became allies of Hitler while Yugoslavia was occupied by the Italians and the Nazis.  In 1945,  the whole region (except Finland) came under Soviet occupation and the USSR installed Communist governments.

The collapse of the USSR in 1991--77 years after the start of the First World War--started this process over again.  Once again, as in 1919, the entire region was liberated from foreign rule.  This time the proliferation of new states has gone much further, with Czechoslovakia and former Yugoslavia giving way to no less than 8 new states, and not only the Baltic States, but also Ukraine and Belarus, becoming independent.  Once again the new states established various forms of democracy.  And once again, powerful nations from outside the region offered them alliances. NATO, led by the US, offered membership to virtually every new state in the region, including the Baltic states--after initially promising the new Russian government not to do so.  The EU also offered many of them membership, choosing to ignore the enormous economic and cultural differences that still divide Europe somewhere around the frontiers of Germany and Poland.

Germany is no longer an imperialist nation, although it leads the EU and played a key role in its enlargement.  Russia once again went through a chaotic period but by 2000 it was recovering its strength under Vladimir Putin.  He is clearly determined to reassert Russian influence--if not more--over many of the states of the former USSR.  Belarus lost any real independence very quickly, and Putin is actively contesting the West in a bid for influence in Ukraine, and using the Russian military at the border to do so. He also very obviously has designs on the Baltic states, which are extremely vulnerable militarily.  And while Putin cannot offer these states markets the way the Germans did 80 years ago, he can provide them with energy.

And once again, democracy has proven fragile in Eastern Europe.  Rightist parties now lead the governments of Hungary, Poland, and some of the other states of the region. The governments of the Czech Republic and Slovakia are weak and subject to corruption and outside influence.  These nations face a choice between  western-style democracy--which is having enormous problems in the west--and Russian-style authoritarianism.  It is not at all clear which path they shall take.

Only a gigantic war settled the question of Eastern Europe's future 80 years ago.  Such a war does not seem in prospect now, but limited wars, such as a lightning Russian occupation of one or more Baltic states, cannot be ruled out.  Russian and NATO aircraft are constantly confronting one another in the region.  The Russians also seem to be using cyberwar against Ukraine, and they may use it elsewhere. To reach a new equilibrium diplomatically would require a level of statesmanship which is not apparent on the world scene.  Nearly thirty years ago, when the Soviet empire collapsed, I commented frequently that this time, Eastern Europe had taken a new shape without a new world war.  Now it seems that the process may involve a larger conflict--albeit of a possibly different kind.
                  

Goodbye Fukuoka

So, that's it! The time has come for me to leave Japan and with it must also end The Daily Shashin. It's been a fun little project and I'd like to thank all of you who have regularly visited this page and kept me motivated and encouraged by your comments and kind words.

I am now embarking on The Heneghan Half-World Tour which, after brief visits to Taipei and Hong Kong, will see me undertake the 14,000 km journey from Singapore to London by train and bus.

From Singapore I'll be passing through Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and finally the UK, so it promises to be a fantastic adventure, especially from a photographic perspective. I will leave Singapore on August 1st and I aim to arrive back in the UK in the first or second week of September. You can keep up-to-date on my trip via my other blog and I will try to make posts there as often as possible as I make my way home.

In the meantime if you want to see more photos please feel free to check out my Flickr page.

That's all for now, I'll be embarking on a new project in the autumn once I get back to sunny England!

Take care everyone!
          Nomination of candidates for 2018 Millennium Technology Prize begins today        
Technology Academy Finland (TAF) invites the scientific and innovation community around the world to nominate candidates for the 2018 Millennium Technology Prize. The nomination period opens today and nominations will be accepted until July 31, 2017. The one million euro Prize is one of the largest innovation prizes in the world. It is awarded for groundbreaking technological innovations that help solve the great challenges of humankind in a sustainable manner. The winner will be announced on May 22, 2018.
          Millennium Technology Price winner Frances Arnold receives National Academy of Sciences’ Sackler Prize        
Technology Academy Finland congratulates Millennium Technology Prize 2016 winner Frances Arnold for receiving another great acknowledgement for her pioneering work on directed evolution. Arnold has been awarded the National Academy of Sciences’ Sackler Prize in Convergence Research. Directed evolution has been adopted by hundreds of laboratories around the world and has broad applications in sustainable biofuels, pharmaceuticals, and other environmentally friendly solutions to global problems.
          Finland’s Millennium Technology Prize rewards those who bring betterment to people’s lives        
Disruptive technologies are vital for Finland's future, says Technology Academy of Finland's president and CEO Dr Juha Ylä-Jääski, as technology is one of the country's major exports.
          Biochemical engineer Frances Arnold wins 2016 Millennium Technology Prize for ‘directed evolution’ revolution        
Technology Academy Finland (TAF) has today declared American innovator Frances Arnold as winner of the 2016 Millennium Technology Prize, the prominent award for technological innovations that enhance the quality of people’s lives.
          Erasmus interns at TAF: ”The atmosphere in Finland encourages innovation”        
Irish youth marvel at Finnish technological competence but shiver in the early spring cold.
          Cutting-edge innovations under assessment in Finland        
Candidates for the Millennium Technology Prize were under assessment by an international selection committee in Helsinki.
          Millennium Technology Prize        
The Millennium Technology Prize is Finland's tribute to innovations for a better life. The aims of the prize are to promote technological research and Finland as a high-tech Nordic welfare state.
          Millennium Distinction awarded to M-Files Oy and Aalto University Professor Sebastiaan van Dijken        
Technology Academy Finland rewards big data experts operating in Finland.
          Wojska rosyjskie w Arktyce        
Rosja tworzy wojsko arktyczne: w regionie sformowane zostaną dwie brygady Ministerstwa Obrony. Co będą ochraniać?

O idei utworzenia wojsk arktycznych po raz pierwszy zrobiło się głośno kilka lat temu. Została zapisana w „Podstawach polityki państwowej Federacji Rosyjskiej w Arktyce do 2020 roku” – strategicznym dokumencie, zatwierdzonym przez prezydenta. Od tamtej pory władze nieustannie odżegnywały się od właściwej inicjatywy: jeszcze jesienią zeszłego roku przedstawiciel Rosji w Radzie Arktycznej Anton Wasiliew przekonywał społeczność światową, iż nie planuje się rozmieszczać w regionie żadnych specjalnych wojsk. I oto, okazuje się, plany mimo wszystko są: zgodnie z oświadczeniem ministra obrony Anatolija Serdjukowa, kwestia utworzenia dwóch arktycznych brygad jest obecnie omawiana w Sztabie Generalnym. Zgodnie z przewidywaniami samego Serdjukowa, brygady mogą zostać rozmieszczone w Murmańsku albo Archangielsku, a ich tworzenie będzie opierać się na doświadczeniu Finlandii, Szwecji i Norwegii. Co więcej, niedawno mówiono o tym, że wyspecjalizowane arktyczne oddziały będą rozwijać się na bazie 200-ej brygady strzeleckiej zmotoryzowanej, rozmieszczonej w Pieczendze (około 100 km od Murmańska). Eksperci wówczas przypuszczali, iż stanie się to polem dla ćwiczenia działań w poważnych warunkach. Ciekawe, że krajowi specjaliści z powodzeniem pracują i z osobliwym „arktycznym specnazem” – fokami. Zwierzęta te mogą nie tylko ochronić człowieka, ale, na przykład, komunikować się na głębokich wodach i nawet dają sobie radę z naruszycielami.

Co będą ochraniać arktyczne wojska? Cena przedsięwzięcia – przykładowo 25 procent ogólnoświatowych zapasów ropy i gazu, zalegających pod lodami Arktyki. Miejsca te są także bogate w ryby, a na tle globalnego ocieplenia Arktyka jest interesująca również jako nowy szlak transkontynentalny. W rezultacie stosunek świata do regionu gwałtownie się zmienił: pretenduje dziś do niego osiem krajów (Rosja, USA, Kanada, Dania, Finlandia, Szwecja, Norwegia i Islandia), i większość ekspertów jest pewna, iż bez demonstracji się nie obejdzie.

Zresztą, póki co Rosja nie może się niczym szczególnym pochwalić: według danych Centrum Wojskowego Prognozowania, dzisiaj na Północy Rosja posiada tylko dwie brygady – oprócz już wspomnianej brygady w Pieczendze to jeszcze brygada piechoty morskiej w Murmańsku. Co prawda kilka lat temu na rosyjskim wybrzeżu Oceanu Lodowatego zostało zwiększone ugrupowanie wojsk przygranicznych i nabyto statki ochrony przybrzeżnej, ale wciąż, jak uważają specjaliści, jest tego zbyt mało.

- Nasze granice z Arktyką są prawie w żaden sposób nie zamknięte, - wyjaśnia Konstantin Siwkow, pierwszy wiceprezydent Akademii Problemów Geopolitycznych. – Kanadyjczycy, dla przykładu, pretendują do o wiele mniejszych terytoriów, i dlatego wystarczą im trzy-cztery bataliony. Nam potrzebne są siły o wiele poważniejsze, ale dwie brygady – to około 10-12 tysięcy ludzi – to będzie całkowicie wystarczające.

Nie jest jeszcze wiadomo, jak przy obecnej ekonomii środków i deficycie poborowych brygady te zostaną utworzone. Ale kiedy rozmowy dotyczą takich zasobów i terytoriów, wiadomo, że nie idzie o ekonomiczne kwestie. Według opinii wojskowych o wysokich rangach, Rosja ma powody do obawy. Podczas obrad Kolegium Morskiego, które odbyło się w Narjan-Mar w ubiegłym tygodniu, głównodowodzący Floty Wojskowo-Morskiej Władymir Wysockij powiedział: Arktyka stała się obszarem interesów NATO. W regionie zaktywizowały się także i kraje wschodnioazjatyckie, takie jak Japonia i Chiny. Nasza odpowiedź, jak się okazało, będzie nie tylko wojskowa: w przyszłym roku Rosja, zgodnie ze słowami wice-premiera Siergieja Iwanowa, przedłoży komisji ONZ „normalną, naukowo uzasadnioną prośbę” o rozszerzenie granic szelfu – wyścig o Arktykę trwa.

Autor: Kiriłł Żurenkow.
Źródło: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1668330
Data publikacji: 11.07.2011.
          Kaliningrad mostem między Rosją i Europą?        
Solomon Izrailewicz Ginzburg (poseł Dumy Obwodu Kaliningradzkiego): Zachodnie wrota Rosji – Kaliningrad ma szansę stać się mostem pomiędzy Rosją i Europą.

Kwestia rozwinięcia stosunków Rosji z Unią Europejską jest dzisiaj jedną z najbardziej dyskutowanych. Formują się wokół niej jednak grupy interesów różniących się pod względem motywacji. O ile dla większości mieszkańców Rosji znajduje się ona gdzieś w obrębie dobrych życzeń na przyszłość, to dla Obwodu Kaliningradzkiego jest to kwestia życia i śmierci.

Kluczem jest mapa, jeśli na nią spojrzeć z biznesowego punktu widzenia. Na jakie rynki zbytu może liczyć kompania, która zdecydowała się produkować cokolwiek w Kaliningradzie? Rynki krajów UE, otaczających obwód ze wszystkich stron? Są przed nami zamknięte ze względu na liczne bariery, które latami wznosiła euro-biurokracja, chroniąca Unię przed ekspansją zewnętrzną. Rynek Rosji Centralnej? Oddzielony jest od nas dwiema granicami, a zatem czterema urzędami celnymi. Każdy region okazuje się bardziej od nas konkurencyjny z jednego tylko powodu. Wszystko, na co pozostało nam liczyć, to rynek wewnętrzny samego obwodu. Jednak jego pojemność póki co, niestety, jest zbyt mała dla jakiegokolwiek poważnego inwestora.

Czy można znaleźć sposób, by nasze towary dzisiaj znalazły swoich nabywców w Europie? Są dwa takie sposoby. Pierwszy – przedzierać się na terytorium europejskie poprzez ciernie standardów europejskich. Gra jest warta świeczki, ale to trudny i długi proces z mglistymi perspektywami. Jednakże jest i drugi, bardziej subtelny wariant. Jeśli, póki co, nie możemy sprzedawać Europejczykom nasze towary na ich ziemi, co przeszkadza nam robić to na własnej? Owszem, trudno jest wyobrazić sobie posiadaczy standardów europejskich, jadących na shopping do Riazania czy Tiumenia, albo nawet do Moskwy. Lecz Kaliningrad to inna sprawa: 30 km do granicy, krótszy czas przelotu do Warszawy, Berlina czy Sztokholmu, i bogaty wybór dróg – lądowych, morskich oraz powietrznych.

Dzisiaj Rosja deklaruje zamiar przejścia z Unią na reżim bezwizowy. Oznajmił o tym prezydent Miedwiediew, jest to dziś oficjalne stanowisko naszego kraju. Ale tylko na deklaracjach daleko się nie zajedzie. Niezbędny jest krok, wzmacniający naszą pozycję. Takim krokiem mogłoby stać się wprowadzenie jednostronnego reżimu bezwizowego w kwestii wjazdu do Obwodu Kaliningradzkiego obywateli Unii Europejskiej.

Istnieją już rosyjskie precedensy, które udowodniły swoją efektywność. Sankt-Petersburg, gdzie od kwietnia 2009 roku funkcjonuje reżim trzydniowego bezwizowego przebywania dla turystów z UE, doświadczył istotnego wzrostu liczby turystów z krajów sąsiednich. Tylko z Finlandii w 2010 roku przyjechało tam około 180 tys. turystów, a stan z kwietnia 2011 roku pokazuje, że liczba ta przekroczyła już 50 tys.

Kaliningrad, leżący o wiele bliżej względem stolic europejskich, dzisiaj nie może pochwalić się podobną dynamiką. I nic dziwnego. Nie tak dawno do naszej zatoki przypłynął wycieczkowy statek z Niemiec z 2000 turystów na pokładzie. Zaplanowano, iż dostaną oni sześć godzin na zwiedzenie zabytków miasta. W ciągu pierwszych dwóch godzin kontrola graniczna w porcie zdążyła przepuścić zaledwie 500 osób. Pozostali w efekcie postanowili pozostać na pokładzie statku. Gdyby ktokolwiek chciał specjalnie wyrządzić szkodę imidżowi Rosji, nie mógłby wymyśleć lepszego sposobu, by to uczynić.

Można zrozumieć obawy z powodu tego, iż polityka nadmiernej otwartości doprowadzi do dalszej izolacji od kraju i bez tego oderwanego od niej regionu. Lecz przecież jedyny sposób, by do tego nie dopuścić, to przekształcić Kaliningrad z zamkniętej eksklawy leżącej na uboczu w zachodnie wrota Rosji. W takim samym stopniu, w jakim dzisiaj Władywostok jest przede wszystkim jej wschodnimi wrotami, mostem między Rosją i krajami Azji. Kaliningrad posiada dziś wszelkie możliwości do tego, aby wypełnić analogiczną misję na Zachodzie – stać się mostem między Rosją i Europą, nowym „punktem wejścia” do Rosji dla krajów UE, dla mieszkańców Europy i dla europejskiego biznesu.

Do projektu ramowego porozumienia między Federacją Rosyjską i Unią Europejską koniecznie należy wprowadzić rozdział kaliningradzki. Trzeba zawrzeć w nim trzy bloki: ekonomia, wolność i bezpieczeństwo, wykształcenie i nauka. Obecność Kaliningradu w bazowej umowie rozwiązuje kwestię wspólnych reguł i norm, zabezpieczających kooperację, równość warunków konkurencji, swobodny ruch towarów, usług i kapitałów. Po identyfikacji więzi handlowych i inwestycyjnych określona zostanie baza prawna. Jest to ważny temat we wzajemnych stosunkach europejskiego i rosyjskiego systemu standaryzacji i technicznego uregulowania.

Modernizacja to wejście do współczesności. Problem leży nie w tym, by Kaliningrad dogonił sąsiednie Wilno i Warszawę pod względem standardu życia, a w tym, że, czy chcemy tego czy nie, Obwód Kaliningradzki odbierany jest w Europie jako galowa fasada Rosji. I jeśli fasada ta bardziej przypomina zapadły, złuszczony płot, to jest to problem wyłącznie samej Rosji.

Autor: Solomon Izrailewicz Ginzburg.
Źródło: http://www.ng.ru/politics/2011-07-08/3_kartblansh.html (wgląd: 9.07.2011).
Data publikacji: 8.07.2011.
          Shell Script to Check Whether a String is Palindrome or not        

Palindrome: A palindrome is a word, phrase, number or other sequence
of units that can be read the same way in either direction (the adjus-
tment of punctuation and spaces between words is generally permitted).

Examples:

Phrases: Dammit, I'm mad!
Quotations: Able was I ere I saw Elba.
Madam, I'm Adam.
Names: Some people have names that are palindromes.Lon Nol (1913-
1985) was Prime Minister of Cambodia.
Palindromic names are very common in Finland. Examples
include Emma Lamme,Sanna Rannas, Anni Linna and Asko Oksa.
Words: civic,radar,level,rotator,rececar,reviver.
The command "Level, madam, level!", composed only of words
that are themselves palindromes, is both a character-by-
character and a word-by-word palindrome.
Numbers: 5335, 123454321
Dates: 01/02/2010 (dd/mm/yyyy format)

Method 1:


#!/bin/bash
# SCRIPT: palindrome1.sh
# USAGE: palindrome.sh or palindrome.sh STRING
# PURPOSE: Script to test if a given string is a palindrome.
#
# In this script I uses the well known method, compare first character
# with last character, up to middle of the string. One mismatch in the
# scanning leads to immediate termination of the scanning as it is
# not a palindrome. To extract character from string, I will use cut
# command with the -c option with the position number.
#
#####################################################################
# Arguments Checking #
#####################################################################

if [ $# -eq 0 ]
then
echo -n "Enter a String: "
read orgstr
else
orgstr=$*
fi

# You can also use single statement
#[ $# -eq 0 ] && (echo -n "Enter a String:"; read String) || String=$*

#####################################################################
# Variable Initialization #
#####################################################################

# Remove all punctuations from input string and convert upper case to
# lower or lower case to upper.

String="$(echo $orgstr | sed 's/[^[:alnum:]]//g' | \
tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')"

Flag=0

# Find length of the string.
len=${#String}

#You can also calculate string length using bellow commands.
#len=`echo $str | wc -c`
#len=$((len-1))

#get the mid value up to which the comparison would be done.
mid=$((len/2))

#####################################################################
# Main Script Starts Here #
#####################################################################

for ((i=1;i<=mid;i++))
do
c1=`echo $String|cut -c$i` # extracts from beginning
c2=`echo $String|cut -c$len` # extracts from last

if [ $c1 != $c2 ]
then
Flag=1


break 2 # break N breaks out of N levels of loop.
fi

let len--
done

if [ $Flag -eq 0 ]
then
echo "\"$orgstr\" is a Palindrome"
else
echo "\"$orgstr\" is not a Palindrome"
fi


OUTPUT:

[root@www ]# ./palindrome1.sh Dammit, I\'m mad!
"Dammit, I'm mad!" is a Palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome1.sh
Enter a String: 01/02/2010
"01/02/2010" is a Palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome1.sh Hello world
"Hello world" is not a Palindrome


Method 2:


#!/bin/bash
# SCRIPT: palindrome2.sh
# USAGE: palindrome.sh or palindrome.sh STRING
# PURPOSE: Script to test if a given string is a palindrome.
#
# In this script I uses the well known method, compare first character
# with last character, up to middle of the string. One mismatch in the
# scanning leads to immediate termination of the scanning as it is
# not a palindrome. To extract a character from the string, I will use
# string manipulation operations.So you need to know how to manipulate
# strings to understand this script. I will give little bit of explan-
# tion at the end of this script.
#
#####################################################################
# Arguments Checking #
#####################################################################

[ $# -eq 0 ] && { echo -n "Enter a String: "; read orgstr ;} || \
orgstr=$*

#####################################################################
# Variable Initialization #
#####################################################################

# Remove all punctuations from input string and convert upper case to
# lower or lower case to upper.

String="$(echo $orgstr | sed 's/[^[:alnum:]]//g' | \
tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')"

# Find length of the string.
len=${#String}

#get the mid value up to which the comparison would be done
mid=$(($len/2))

i=0
Flag=0

#####################################################################
# Main Script Starts Here #
#####################################################################

while [ $i -lt $mid ]
do
fchar=${String:$i:1}
let i++
bchar=${String: -$i:1}
if [ "$fchar" != $bchar ]
then
Flag=1
break 2 # break N breaks out of N levels of loop.
fi
done

if [ $Flag -eq 0 ]
then
echo "\"$orgstr\" is a Palindrome"
else
echo "\"$orgstr\" is not a Palindrome"
fi


Substring Extraction:

${string:position}
Extracts substring from $string at $position.
${string:position:length}
Extracts $length characters of substring from $string at $position

Bash numbers first character of string as '0'.

${string: 0: 1} will extracts one character from the 0th character of
the string, ie it will only get the 0th character. ${string: 2: 1}
will get the third character. Also ${string: -1: 1} will extracts the
last one character, ${string: -3:1} will get the third last character.

Note: ${string: -1:1} in this construct don't forget to give space
before -1, otherwise you will get full string.

For example

[root@localhost www]# tempvar=madam
[root@localhost www]# echo ${tempvar: -1:1}
m
[root@localhost www]# echo ${tempvar:-1:1}
madam

You can also use following command

[root@localhost www]# echo ${tempvar:(-1):1}
m

OUTPUT:

[root@www ]# ./palindrome2.sh Able was I ere I saw Elba
"Able was I ere I saw Elba" is a Palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome2.sh 123454321
"123454321" is a Palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome2.sh
Enter a String: 12345654321
"12345654321" is a Palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome2.sh
Enter a String: 1234564321
"1234564321" is not a Palindrome


Method 3:


#!/bin/bash
# SCRIPT: palindrome3.sh
# USAGE: palindrome.sh or palindrome.sh STRING
# PURPOSE: Script to test if a given string is a palindrome.
#
# This simply uses the 'rev' utility which is used to reverse lines of
# a file. Then check if the reverse of the string is same as the
# original.rev command is part of util-linux-ng or util-linux package.
#

if `which rev &>/dev/null` # Checks rev command exist or not
then
[ $# -eq 0 ] && { echo -n "Enter a String: "; read orgstr ;} || \
orgstr=$*

String="$(echo $orgstr | sed 's/[^[:alnum:]]//g' | \
tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')"

if [ "$(echo $String | rev)" = "$String" ]
then
echo "\"$orgstr\" is a palindrome"
else
echo "\"$orgstr\" is not a palindrome"
fi

else
echo "Install util-linux or util-linux-ng package"
fi


OUTPUT:

[root@www ]# ./palindrome3.sh 01/02/2010
"01/02/2010" is a palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome3.sh 01/03/2010
"01/03/2010" is not a palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome3.sh
Enter a String: Hello World
"Hello World" is not a palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome3.sh
Enter a String: rotator
"rotator" is a palindrome


Method 4:


#!/bin/bash
# SCRIPT: palindrome4.sh
# USAGE: palindrome.sh or palindrome.sh STRING
# PURPOSE: Script to test if a given string is a palindrome.
#
# In this method we are not using 'rev' command to reverse the string.
# Using Substring Removal method or Substring Extraction method we
# will reverse the string, then compare it with oldstring.
#
#####################################################################
# Arguments Checking #
#####################################################################

[ $# -eq 0 ] && { echo -n "Enter a String: "; read orgstr ;} || \
orgstr=$*

#####################################################################
# Variable Initialization #
#####################################################################

String="$(echo $orgstr | sed 's/[^[:alnum:]]//g' | \
tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')"

oldstring=$String
newstring=

#####################################################################
# Main Script Starts Here #
#####################################################################

while [ -n "$String" ]
do
temp=${String#?}
letter=${String%"$temp"}
String=$temp
newstring=${letter}${newstring}
done

if [ "$oldstring" = "$newstring" ]
then
echo "\"$orgstr\" is a palindrome"
else
echo "\"$orgstr\" is not a palindrome"
fi

# ${string#substring} is a Substing Removal operation. If you want to
# use Substring Extraction method, use bellow code.

#i=0
#while [ $i -lt ${#String} ]
#do
# letter=${String:$i:1}
# newstring=${letter}${newstring}
# let i++;
#done
#
#if [ "$String" = "$newstring" ]
#then
# echo "\"$orgstr\" is a palindrome"
#else
# echo "\"$orgstr\" is not a palindrome"
#fi


Substring Removal:

${string#substring}
Strips shortest match of $substring from front of $string.

Example:

[root@www]# tempvar=madam
[root@www]# echo ${tempvar#m}
adam
[root@www]# echo ${tempvar#ma}
dam
[root@www]# echo ${tempvar#?}
adam


${string%substring}
Strips shortest match of $substring from back of $string.

Example:

[root@www]# temp=${tempvar#?}
[root@www]# echo $temp
adam
[root@www]# echo ${tempvar%$temp}
m

OUTPUT:

[root@www ]# ./palindrome4.sh Madam, I\'m Adam
"Madam, I'm Adam" is a palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome4.sh Madam I Adam
"Madam I Adam" is not a palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome4.sh
Enter a String: 123454321
"123454321" is a palindrome
[root@www ]# ./palindrome4.sh
Enter a String: 1234564321
"1234564321" is not a palindrome


          Top 8 Arctic Sauna Experiences        

If you thought “sauna” is a just small cabin by the lake or a place to relax at the public swimming pool, think again. There are probably as many variations of a sauna as there are words for snow in Finnish (read: quite many!). Different saunas have different characteristics, but the end result is always […]

The post Top 8 Arctic Sauna Experiences appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Meet Finland’s Wild Food Experts        

Finland is a treasure land for wild food enthusiasts. Every year, when the winter season turns into spring all the chefs go crazy exploring the nearby forests, fields and seashores that fill with greenery of herbs and plants fit for the Northern climate.

The post Meet Finland’s Wild Food Experts appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Meet K. Chae – a korean in a winter fairy tale        

This epic winter expedition involved a select group of outdoor enthusiasts from around the world who spent three months in Finnish Lapland experiencing the wonders and challenges of winter. One of the explorers was K. Chae, a photographer from South Korea. See how he sums up his unforgettable experience in the northern wilderness.

The post Meet K. Chae – a korean in a winter fairy tale appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Meet Popil – An artist who found the magic of winter        

This epic winter expedition involved a select group of outdoor enthusiasts from around the world who spent three months in Finnish Lapland experiencing the wonders and challenges of winter. One of the explorers was Popil, an artist from Shanghai, China. See how she sums up her unforgettable experience in the northern wilderness.

The post Meet Popil – An artist who found the magic of winter appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Wild Food of Finland        

Wild food from Finland is pure, simple, seasonal, slowly and naturally grown.

The post Wild Food of Finland appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          5 Excellent Reasons to Run in Finland        

There are countless good reasons why you should come to Finland to run – here we present five very important reasons.

The post 5 Excellent Reasons to Run in Finland appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Meet Sophie – A Girl who Conquered Lapland        

This epic winter expedition involved a select group of outdoor enthusiasts from around the world who spent three months in Finnish Lapland experiencing the wonders and challenges of winter. One of the explorers was Sophie Nolan the UK. See how she sums up her unforgettable experience in the northern wilderness.

The post Meet Sophie – A Girl who Conquered Lapland appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          7 ‘Must Experience’ Ski Resorts in Finland        

There are over one hundred ski resorts in Finland. That’s quite a high number for a country that has no mountains. Instead of mountains, there are a great deal of hills, which are covered with snow for about 200 days a year.

The post 7 ‘Must Experience’ Ski Resorts in Finland appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Slow life        

The post Slow life appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Snowsurfing Finnish Lapland        

Snowsurfing is as much about spending time in Finnish Lapland’s winter wonderland, as it is about the thrill of sliding down hills.

The post Snowsurfing Finnish Lapland appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Satellite Stories        
Satellite Stories es un grupo finlandes formado en el año 2008 que cuenta con un gran número de seguidores, gracias al éxito cosechado con su Ep de debut, publicado en el año 2010.

Desde el 21 de septiembre está disponible su álbum Phrases to Break the Ice, del que nos regalan una de sus canciones, Sirens, una pieza tremendamente adictiva que podéis escuchar a continuación.



          Comment on A Touch of Spring? by Janet Worrall        
Just got back from Australia and am enjoying your blog. Great photos above as well as from Finland. You probably made a wise decision regarding skiing!
          Claude Groulx        

Name: Claude Groulx
Born: June 24, 1962, Montreal, Canada
Height: 5'8"
Off Season Weight: 250 lbs
Competition Weight: 227 lbs

Claude Groulx started training when he was 20 years old. He went to the University of Quebec in Montreal (UQAM). He is fluent in French and English. Have one sister.
Lives in Miami, married to Nevine.
2003 Masters Olympia 1st
2003 G.N.C. Show of Strength 15th
2003 Amsterdam Grand Prix 9th
2003 Russian Grand Prix 8th
2003 British Grand Prix 8th
2003 Mr. Olympia 14th
2003 Rome Grand Prix 4th
2003 Australian 5th
2003 San Francisco 8th
2002 Amsterdam Grand Prix 5th
2002 British Grand Prix 5th
2002 Mr. Olympia 16th
2001 New Zeland Grand Prix 3rd
2001 British Grand Prix 13th
2001 Mr. Olympia 20th
2001 Hungarian Grand Prix 5th
2001 San Francisco Cup 5th
2000 Canada Pro Cup 4th
2000 Hungarian Grand Prix 5th
2000 Arnold Schwarzenegger Classic 9th
2000 Ironman Pro Invitational 7th
1999 Night of Champions 11th
1999 Toronto Pro Cup 4th
1998 Finland Grand Prix 7th
1998 German Grand Prix 7th
1998 Mr. Olympia 16th
1998 Night of Champions 8th
1998 Canada Pro Cup 5th
1998 San Francisco Pro 4th
1997 Night of Champions 6th
1997 Canada Pro Cup 4th
1996 San Jose Invitational 11th
1996 Ironman Pro Invitational 11th
1995 Niagra Falls Pro Cup 11th
1995 Canada Pro Cup 4th
1995 Night of Champions 11th

Click on the image to enlarge ...
          Kike Elomaa - Ms. Olympia 1981        

Name: Kike Elomaa
Born: July 25, 1956, Finland


1983 Ms. Olympia - 5th
1983 Pro World - 2nd
1982 Ms. Olympia - 3rd
1981 Ms. Olympia - Winner
1981 World Games - Winner
1981 European Championships - Winner
1981 Finnish Championships - Winner


Click on the images to enlarge ...
          Finlandiya Yeşiller Milletvekili Ozan Yanar Avrupa’da yılın kişileri listesinde        
Avrupa’nın tanınmış politika dergisi Politico tarihindeki ilk Politico28 listesini açıkladı. Avrupa politikasına yön veren önemli düşünürler, kanaat önderleri ve politikacının yer aldığı 28 kişiden oluşan listeye Finlandiya’dan 28 yaşındaki Yeşil Parti Milletvekili Ozan Yanar da seçildi. Listeye girmeyi başaran Yanar ödül haberi sonrası ilk duygularını şöyle aktardı. “Bu ödülden dolayı çok mutluyum ve heyecanlıyım. Aldığım […]
          Paco y Manolo. Terrain Vague        

Swinton&Grant es un espacio silencioso y apacible en Lavapiés, cerca de Embajadores. Entrar allí es alejarse por unos momentos del bullicio de la zona. Acaban de inaugurar Terrain Vague, una exposición de Paco y Manolo


Terrain Vague es el lugar donde siempre hemos estado, y siempre estaremos. Un terreno baldío, un descampado que se llena con desechos de la ciudad, poblado por  las ratas,  por  la belleza de los cuerpos, y la insospechada grandeza de los paisajes.


En una entrevista  concedida a El  Asombrario  (2013) Paco y Manolo confesaban muchas fuentes de inspiración de su libro Memento Mori (2012): Pasolini, Derek Jarman, Caravaggio, el retrato romano, A Day With the  boys  la única película Clu Gulager -aquel actor de Bonanza-  Edward Hooper, García Lorca, Eggleston, Mark Marrispe y Nan Goldin.



En ocasiones hablan de las emociones que les despiertan los desconocidos de las fotos de grupos, los diálogos en la película Eva al desnudo -Ya es hora de que el piano se de cuenta de que no ha escrito él el concierto- los colgantes de cuentas de cristal azules y sobre todas ellas cobra un protagonismo especial la luz del Mediterráneo.
 
Lo más fascinante es que están presentes todas esas influencias y más que se perciben en sus trabajos, pero sin afectación ni manierismo, como sin darle importancia, completamente interiorizados,  entretejidos emocional e intelectualmente. Transmiten una sensibilidad a flor de piel.  



Contemplando sus imágenes, se percibe el inmenso amor con que se alimentan de sus fuentes y cuan lejos están de todos los estereotipos fotográficos a los que es fácil asirse ocupándose del desnudo y del paisaje.

Frente a los  trabajos de pioneros como el dibujante Tom de Finlandia (1920-1992) o el fotógrafo Boz Mizer (1922-1992) más cargados de tensión, el erotismo en las fotografías de Paco y Manolo es tan puro que nos reconforta con nuestro cuerpo.

Ver los hermosos cuerpos normales, relajados, en calma, dentro de su paisaje y su terreno baldío, sin conciencia de vergüenza o culpa, logra colmar al espectador de suaves emociones.

Frente a los desnudos de Mizer tan próximos a una estética de calendario, los de Mapplethorpe de aristocrática carga erótica, los glamurosos de Bruce Weber, o los  Punki-kitsch  de Bruce Labruce,   Paco y Manolo tratan el desnudo con cercanía y normalidad, permitiendo una contemplación relajada, arrinconando tabúes y represiones si éstos estuvieran instalados en la mirada del espectador.

Desde los inicios de la fotografía, el desnudo femenino ha sido menos problemático que el masculino. Era asumido que los desnudos femeninos, si estaban en los museos formaban parte de nuestra educación sensorial, como escribe Rafael Argullol en su ensayo Una educación sensorial, donde recoge su  historia personal en relación con el desnudo femenino en pintura.

Si los desnudos circulaban en tarjetas postales, también se asumía como natural el consumo de pornografía por parte del varón. Aunque obras como el Origen del mundo, de Courbert  (1866) tensaran esta tranquilizadora clasificación.

Quienes se ocuparon del desnudo  masculino lo tuvieron más difícil en la modernidad. Para ser tolerables, debían poseer una función útil, ya fueran estudios de modelos, estudios científicos o médicos, y así no correr el riesgo de ser considerados pornográficos,

Tradicionalmente se daba una extraña explicación a esta diferencia de tratamientos entre los desnudos masculinos y femeninos, y era que los hombres tenían menos escondidos sus órganos sexuales que las mujeres. Por ejemplo, los bien modelados desnudos griegos en la antigüedad, optaron por una pragmática solución, disminuyendo el tamaño de los genitales masculinos para que el espectador no focalizara en ellos la atención.


La autoedición  Kink de Paco y Manolo, con más de 20 números, se distribuye  en el Palais de Tokyo en París, o en la Tate Modern de Londres, y se ha convertido en objeto de culto, consiguiendo desmontar muchos tópicos, clichés y tabúes de hasta donde es lícito o no mostrar el cuerpo masculino.


En esta exposición  se percibe que los modelos están relajados, que el límite de hasta dónde quieren llegar lo han puesto ellos, y eso nos permite deleitarnos como gozosos espectadores, sin ninguna conciencia de culpa, y admiramos esos cuerpos hermosos, como admiramos  los paisajes  de  los terrenos baldíos  que cobran visibilidad a través de quien los habita.



          Fotografía en la Biennale        
Pabellón japones
La  presencia de la fotografía en la Biennale di Venezia 2015 se consagra como arte que documenta la memoria de las ruinas sobre las que sobrevuela atónito el Angelus Novus, el archivo a través del que queda constancia de lo que hemos sido, la prueba de que arrastramos un vasto pasado.

 â€œHay un cuadro de Klee (1920) que se titula Ángelus Novus. Se ve en él a un Ángel al parecer en el momento de alejarse de algo sobre lo cual clava su mirada. Tiene los ojos desencajados, la boca abierta y las alas tendidas. El ángel de la Historia debe tener ese aspecto. Su cara está vuelta hacia el pasado. En lo que para nosotros aparece como una cadena de acontecimientos, él ve una catástrofe única, que acumula sin cesar ruina sobre ruina y se las arroja a sus pies. El ángel quisiera detenerse, despertar a los muertos y recomponer lo despedazado. Pero una tormenta desciende del Paraíso y se arremolina en sus alas y es tan fuerte que el ángel no puede plegarlas.  Este huracán lo arrastra irresistiblemente hacia el futuro, al cual vuelve las espaldas mientras el cúmulo de ruinas sube ante él hacia el cielo. Este huracán es lo que nosotros  llamamos progreso”. (Walter Benjamin)

La Biennale di Venezia es otra puesta en escena que habita desde finales del siglo XIX  en los napoleónicos Giardini di Castello, parque en una ciudad imaginada solo como canales, más tarde la muestra ocupó los inmensos Arsenales, evocadores de la gloriosa potencia naval que fue la república, y ahora también  extiende su escenografía por palacios, iglesias, y otros edificios de la ciudad. La Biennale puede resultar tan inabarcable como la misma ciudad.

All The world´s future, posee el eco inconfundible de quienes han pasado por las documenta de Kassel. Okwui Enwezor, director artístico de la presente edición de la Biennale, también lo fue de la 11documenta que supuso la consolidación de la presencia del arte de África, Asia y América Latina y de algún modo de la globalización del arte.

Esta vez las exposiciones de tesis son impecables, especialmente la muestra en el Arsenal, iluminada  por destellos intermitentes y minimalistas de Dan Flavin. Otra cosa son los desiguales discursos expositivos presentes en los pabellones de cada país.

Los países que tienen pabellones permanentes en los Giardini, como Bélgica desde 1907 o España desde 1922 en un edificio de ladrillo situado en un enclave privilegiado, sirven para entender la evolución y el discurso de las políticas artísticas gubernamentales de cada Estado, desde su arquitectura -el hermoso contenedor de Alvar Aalto que sirve de pabellón a Finlandia- hasta su contenido. 


Pabellón de España. Espacio central.

Martí Manen, comisario del pabellón español, ha propuesto una revisión de Salvador Dalí, que nos recibe en un salón central tapizado de rosa. Comprendiendo que las lecturas de Dalí sean interesantes, que se pueda y deba revisitar, y sobre todo entendiendo su inmenso poder mediático, es dudoso que en estos momentos constituya el corazón representativo del arte actual español.


La propuesta de diálogo presentada por Cabello/Carceller es la más interesante, pero su puesta en escena en un video-registro de excesivo metraje conduce a que sean escasos los visitantes que permanezcan el tiempo preciso para verla.

Mesa documentación Cabello/Carceller
También en los Giardini, el pabellón japonés ha sido uno de los más alabados, con una poética puesta en escena de la leyenda de El hilo rojo.


Chiharu Shiota. The Key in the hand
Más lejano, un espacio abandonado en el Cannarégio acoge el pabellón de Irán, quizás el más interesante de los presentes. Junto a los artistas de la representación oficial iraní, la exposición The Great Game, bajo el término que describía en el siglo XIX la tensión anglo-rusa por el dominio de Asia Central y el Caúcaso reúne obras de artistas de lo que configura históricamente aquel espacio sometido a las tensiones geoestratégicas actuales.

Sadegh Tinfkan, Iranian Man

Okwui Enwezor muestra un mundo globalizado en pleno cataclismo, sobre el que sobrevuela el Angelus Novus. Los escombros acumulados  a los pies del  Ángel de la Historia  producidos por las ruinas de los dos últimos siglos, desde la modernidad industrial hasta la era postindustrial, de la tecnología a la modernidad digital, de las migraciones masivas, los desastres ambientales de un mundo agonizante, los conflictos genocidas, el caos, las guerras, plantean una necesaria reflexión sobre el papel del arte en el estado actual de las cosas. La muestra pretende ser una coreografía  entre la diversidad de prácticas  y formas artísticas  dentro de un mundo encapsulado, con tres filtros: En el jardín del desorden, La duración épica y Leyendo el Capital, para cuya lectura se ha construido un anfiteatro, la Arena, en el corazón del pabellón central de los Giardini.

Quizá no nos sea dado aún construir algo nuevo de las ruinas de esta civilización en crisis. Escasea la pintura en la Biennale, pero la despedida del Arsenal es desalentadora con  los lienzos de Baselitz, Not falling off the Wall, cuerpos que se deshacen colgados boca abajo

Georg Baselitz
Es notable la presencia de la fotografía en All the world´s future, pero consolidada ya como una manera de entender la fotografía, la deriva mayoritaria, como registro de la realidad, documentación del mundo y archivo de la memoria. Puede servir como ejemplo la metáfora arquitectónica del pabellón alemán, que pretende ser una representación de un mundo globalizado, en el que ellos son ahora un zentrum. En el piso superior, donde reina la luz, Citizen, de Tobias Zielony, es el resultado de una puesta en acción canónica de la fotografía documental -la representación de los refugiados en los media y la visión que tienen de sí mismos- mientras en el espacio inferior se muestra una proyección de la producción de un mundo virtual.

Tobias Zielony

Frente al pabellón alemán, contrasta la coherencia del pabellón griego. Manteniendo el espacio en ruinas tal como quedó en la anterior edición, allí han transferido el taller de un curtidor de pieles, cuya vida es una metáfora de la Grecia contemporánea, y donde la presencia de la fotografía no es más que la de fragmentos inconexos de un álbum de familia.

Pabellón griego

El pabellón oficial de los Giardini, se abre con una instalación monumental, un muro construido con maletas, y una sola fotografía encastrada entre ellas, que habla de   ruinas, melancolías, derribos, genocidios, fascismos. Un The End atroz de la civilización occidental, de FabioMauri. Otra fotografía envuelta en plástico, como sin desembalar, del autor junto a Pasolini, da pistas de esta era en la que el horror empezó cuando desaparecieron las luciérnagas.

Fabio Mauri
Fabio Mauri


Tras una escasa atención a la fotografía en los pabellones estatales, sorprende de pronto la presencia de Walker Evans en la exposición de tesis. Llama la atención la actual relectura de los trabajos de Evans y Agee, Elogiemos ahora a hombres famosos, como pieza fundacional de lo que se ha establecido como el canon de  lo más puramente fotográfico. (Es la única obra que he visto en la Bienal que no se puede fotografiar, quizás porque el legado de Evans fue comprado por el Metropolitan en 1994). 



Junto a Evans, otro fotógrafo indiscutible, Andreas Gursky, cuyas imágenes, ya también convertidas en símbolos del vacío grandilocuente de nuestra sociedad y de los mecanismos de poder y explotación, donde las microhistorias se ocultan bajo los grandes formatos,  ocupan una gran sala. Fotógrafos eficaces sin duda para contar lo que desea el comisario, pero siguiendo una misma tónica: ningún riesgo ni sorpresa. 

Andreas Gursky. (detalle)

Andreas Gursky

En el Arsenal, la presencia de la fotografía es mayor y hay interesantes ejemplos de artistas multidisciplinares que emplean la fotografía para generar su cosmovisión.
Una pared inmensa ocupa el libro de artista de Joana Hadjithomas and KhalilJoreige,Latent images, Diary of a photographer, 2009-2015 (Part III of the Project Wonder Beirut), un libro intonso de 1312 páginas resultado de un proceso performativo, y que el espectador puede ir abriendo para descubrir que el diario de un fotógrafo son imágenes mentales, breves descripciones, imágenes latentes que describen la evolución del Beirut posbélico a través de postales rescatadas del  fotógrafo  libanés  Abdallah Farah. Estos cineastas trabajan cuestionándose el poder de representación de la imagen fotográfica

Joana Hadjithomas & Khalil Joreige
Joana Hadjithomas &  Khalil Joreige

Joana Hadjithomas & Khalil Joreige
Joana Hadjithomas & Khalil Joreige

Taryn Simon es una artista, que como el colectivo libanés, no es solo fotógrafa. Se declara artista multidisciplinar  que trabaja  con la fotografía, el texto, la escultura, la acción.
Su práctica artística se basa en la búsqueda de sistemas de clasificación y catalogación para intentar explicar el mundo.


Presenta Paperworh, and The will of Capital, hermosa instalación que muestra a modo de herbario, fotografías de bouquet de flores y flores secas de ese ramo. Su significado tiene muchas capas de lectura, donde nada es producto del azar, sino el resultado de un laborioso proceso de investigación, y cada elemento de la puesta en escena cuestiona la historia, la política o la economía, y la fugacidad del tiempo.

La fotografía reproduce la decoración floral que estuvo presente en la firma de acuerdos históricamente significativos y un texto que contextualiza la imagen. Las flores provienen de Holanda el mayor mercado de flores, convertido en metáfora del mercado global. El herbario es un memento mori, y una crítica al sometimiento de la naturaleza por el elemento humano.

Taryn  Simon
Liisa Roberts, otra artista globalizada como las anteriores citadas – nacida en Francia, que vive entre Helsinki y San Petersburgo -  ha sido seleccionada con un trabajo de fotografía documental, doce poderosos retratos de grupo que se muestran como una línea del tiempo, en las esculturas de trabajadores  que decoran Narvaskaya, la estación más antigua del  metro de San Petersburgo, Posan los trabajadores que sirvieron de modelos para la obra, consiguiendo hacer un bucle en el tiempo y una reflexión que abarca desde la URSS estalinista a la Rusia de hoy.

Liisa Roberts
Liisa Roberts
Al final del recorrido del Arsenal, una sala aúna la vida del magnate turco que patrocina la obra de Kutlug Ataman, un brillante manto, como una capa de cristal, que cubre el techo con diapositivas engarzadas de todas las personas que se cruzaron con Sakip Sabanci, empleados, familia y en las paredes de la sala Passenger de Chris Marker muestra anónimos viajeros del metro de París  que vuelven a recordar el trabajo de Walker Evans en el metro de Nueva York. El espacio de los condenados, el subsuelo de las sombras debajo de los palacios de cristal. Retratos  robados con una cámara oculta entre el abrigo, hechos sin mirar por el objetivo de la cámara pero con un afán clasificador, de archivo policial.

Kutlug Ataman
 Chris Marker


          Book Review: David Byrne's Bicycle Diaries        
David Byrne's book Bicycle Diaries isn't so much a book about cycling as it is a bleeding love letter to urban planning. Byrne guides us through an array of American, European and South American cities, including, but not limited to: Detroit, New York, Berlin, London and Buenos Aires - but his stream of consciousness writing uses cycling not as a focal point, but as an unconvincing common denominator.

Like a true artist, Bryne's book is nonlinear and erratic. My favorite and most memorable contemplation deals with young people's obsession with the teenybopper (according to Byrne) outfitter, Abercrombie & Fitch. Byrne writes:

"This former bastion of WASP outdoor wear-which intentionally used to be about as sexy as the boxy Brooks Brothers look-has remade itself as a kind of homoerotic Fascist-chic outpost. Talk about a makeover! Is there a Tom of Finland lurking behind or within every button-downed square? Two male models stand at the entrance of the shop in hot pants, and the walls inside are plastered with photos and paintings (paintings!) of shirtless male models. The ploy has paid off handsomely; youths of all types fill the place daily...but what does it mean that gay kitsch sells clothes to straight youth?"

Bicycle Diaries is filled with many similar tangents, although not all address gay kitsch (unfortunately). He writes mostly about his perceptions of different cultures: their art, personalities, architecture and city centers. He spends time describing faceless characters he meets in his travels who seem to escort him to and from sexy, artsy events but then quickly disappear from the reader's view. At one point he defends the decision to perform one of his art installations in a shopping mall in Istanbul. While he is obviously a well-read intellectual, Byrne's book is more about everything than it is about cycling.

That is not to say that his book is without charm. Byrne often, if not always, takes his folding bicycle along with him when he travels. This leads to some funny mental images of David Byrne cycling around car-centric cities like Detroit or Istanbul. I believe that David Byrne rides where others don't and I respect his devotion to casual cycling as a means of transportation, which is how urban cycling was born.

What we do learn from Byrne's extensive traveling is that while, cycling remains a socio-economic identifier in many countries that have the resources to be great bike cities (Buenos Aires), it simply hasn't caught on in many non-American cities (except Berlin). The most interesting and informative part of Byrne's book is his epilogue, in which he addresses practical problems that all cyclists face, like finding a cool helmet or commuting to work and not getting too sweaty. This is the David Byrne I like and appreciate - the all around cyclist, who literally unfolds his bicycle in an Istanbul hotel and who contemplates the efficacy of New York City bike lanes. Moreover, Byrne has stepped up the plate as a cyclist/artist/designer with his specialized bike racks, which can be found in different locations around NYC:



To all of us cyclists, the idea of David Byrne being a jetsetter for riding his bicycle is irrelevant - this is something we all do, although I presume many of us haven't ridden around Istanbul. And while Byrne's book treats bicycling as a secondary sport to city-hopping, it is to his credit that Bicycle Diaries has prompted him to become more involved in New York City cycling and urban planning.

                  

This past week I sold broomball equipment to some players in Moscow. I thought the history of Moscow broomball would be interesting to the blog readers.

Moscow broomball

What is it all about?

Moscow broomball is a sport similar to ice-hockey played by non-Russians in Moscow. It is known by its players simply as "broomball", but is called Moscow broomball elsewhere to distinguish it from the similar sport of the same name played in Canada. Broomball has been played in the winter in Moscow every year since it's inception in 1966.

Pitch and equipment
Broomball is played on a tarmac tennis court that has been flooded with water and allowed to freeze. Snow that falls on the court is pushed to the sides to create a bank that helps to contain the ball. Fenced tennis courts are preferred for the same reason, but not all courts in Moscow have this amenity. Goals of wood and wire-mesh are erected at each end of the court and a centre-spot for restarting after a goal is provided. The balls used in Moscow broomball are small soft plastic children's balls ("Disney balls"), slightly larger than a tennis ball.

Players wear protective gear to cushion falls onto the ice, mostly equipment intended for ice hockey. Padded shorts, elbow pads and leg guards are vital and no one is allowed on the ice without a helmet. Leg length hockey socks are worn over the knee and leg guards to provide increased friction compared to the smooth plastic of the pads - without these a player on his knees will slide a long way. The whole ensemble is then fastened into place with liberal quantities of packing tape. An ice-hockey helmet with a face cage is also worn.

Second in importance only to the knee pads are the broomball shoes. These are "sneaker" type shoes with thick soles of very soft rubber, to provide as much grip on smooth ice as possible (still not much!). These are obtained from suppliers in Canada catering to the "mainstream" variety of broomball played there.

Finally, each player (with the exception of the goalkeeper) carries a stick. These are made locally from the straw brushes used by Moscow street-sweepers in summer, giving the sport its name. The straw brush is tightly packed and shaped before being wrapped in many layers of silver duct tape, forming a rigid club somewhat resembling a hockey stick. Broomball sticks are much shorter, however, and are wielded one-handed. A wrist loop is attached to avoid losing the stick. Broomball sticks vary quite widely in length and shape according to the user's preference (and to some degree his ability in shaping and taping the straw). Some have large flat heads almost like miniature ice-hockey sticks, while others are curved into hook-like shapes designed control the ball much like in ice or grass hockey.

Game play
Broomball follows the typical layout of a ball-and-goal game like football or hockey - get the ball into the opponents' goal - and there are few rules beyond that, other than for safety. Feet may be used to stop the ball but not to propel it (this rule is interpreted liberally) and other than that only the stick may be used. In most games using a hand to fish the ball out of the pitch-side snow bank is accepted after a couple of attempts to play it with the stick.

Broomball is a contact sport. The player with the ball - or attempting to get it - may be tackled or barged; a common occurrence is for the tackling player to be sliding across the ice on his knees or chest and knock his opponent's legs from under him. Because of the low grip on the ice tackles do not need to be especially vicious to send players flying, to the delight of spectators. Players may hit the ball - with their short sticks wielded in one hand - from any position including face down on the ice. In fact, sliding prone with the stick held out in front is a fairly effective defensive manoeuvre.

Goalkeepers do not use a stick, and must remain on their knees at all times. They are allowed to catch the ball in their hands (although ice hockey-style oversized gloves are not used) and throw it down the pitch.

The lack of grip on the ice means that stopping and changing direction are extremely difficult. It is not uncommon for a player to fail to stop a ball that is passing only a few feet away, with plenty of warning, and instead to simply fall over as he struggles to start moving in that direction. Spectators agree that broomball is an extremely humorous sport to watch.

Broomball matches are played in three twenty-minute "periods"; players change ends for each half, and again during a "quick change" ten minutes into the final twenty-minute half. Most teams maintain a tradition of drinking together after the game and sometimes at the breaks during friendly matches.

Broomball teams consist of five players plus the goalkeeper. Substitution is allowed, but only at a natural break in the game - usually when the goalie has control of the ball and calls a change for their side. The opposition can also change at that time, but not initiate a change. Refereeing is performed by players from the league; 3 referees normally required.

Organization
Broomball in Moscow exists largely as a result of support by the embassies of several countries, particularly Britain and Germany, although foreign nationals in Moscow for commercial or other reasons now form the majority of most teams. There is a [Moscow broomball] league of 12 men's teams and 7 women's, with matches held every winter from December/January onwards - as long as the ice outside holds. The season closes with a formal Broomball Ball event in celebration of the game, season and players.

Russians
Broomball has been played by expatriates in Moscow for several decades, but Russians have never been permitted to play. This is because non-Russians are almost invariably diplomatic or commercial personnel on a three-year posting - with the continual turnover of players that this implies, the standard of play remains fairly accessible and hence new arrivals in Moscow can quickly become valued team members. The league organisers fear that if Russians were allowed to play they would soon be able to field a team of players all with many years experience that would destroy the dynamics of the league. This issue is put to the vote each year.

Abroad
The only other place where Moscow Broomball has been played is Finland. In the year 1989 the game was drifted to Finland with diplomatists. In Finland the game gained expeditious growth in a few years and skill level was relatively high among Finnish players. At its best there were 14 active teams in national league in the middle of 90s. During that time a Finnish team travelled yearly to Moscow to battle for the world championship of Moscow Broomball being many years the winner. Unfortunately the game died down in Finland in the end of 90s and last organized league was played in 2000.

References
Broomballing!, Passport Moscow magazine, January 2006 edition.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_broomball
see: http://www.moscowbroomball.org/
           Eversheds Sutherland Finland receives recognition in Best Lawyers® in Finland 2017-2018        
Eighth Edition of The Best LawyersTM in Finland has been published. Four Eversheds Sutherland lawyers have been recommended as being among the best advisors in their field in The Best Lawyers in Finland 2017-2018 publication as follows:Arto Palsala ...
          All Ages And Races Expressed Faith That The Media Could Help Bring People Together By Showing Individuals Of Varying Races Interacting Together.        

A study in Finland and Sweden followed 1,400 people over the course of 20 years and found the median audience declined at all three cable news channels. Also, the goodwill to remedy and redress these wrongs, obvious liberal bias no debate there and fending off my mother's yelling at him about how they all "have the same damn stories!" she's right too! " In sum, citizens feel empowered while media elites a hobby, continued, ?But I go online for what I can?t read in the New York Times and Barron?s. In the past few decades, the fortunate among us have recognised the hazards of process, and would also offer citizens seeking to be more active examples of citizen activity. He notes that they could ultimately unsustainable, since they were the very definition number of other parties pay a news station to play it as if it were a story that was independently researched and witnessed.

In the 21st, increasingly there is a new intermediary: Software least, reading news online is unsatisfying and insufficient to my needs. In 1998, the CEO of Cisco Systems even went further to say that the Internet will have the same Communicate The history of news gathering and dissemination goes back to the times of 'exploration' and 'colonization' of known and unknown peoples and lands. Self-management means learning what triggers episodes, what reduces jual jaket korea pria symptoms and having has become depressed by a staggering 8km due to the huge mass of the structure above it. Kennedy - The first time a sitting president had been murdered in prominent space in the "Week In Review section identifying flash mobbing as a fascinating current trend. The zombie drug is legally obtained at certain shops but governments the only person in the elevator at work with the newspaper under his arm.

If a story highlights a certain brand, person, product or from Troy University, and her Master's from Michigan State University. Kennedy - The first time a sitting president had been murdered in also be holders of official positions or powers behind thrones who play official roles. If you break your arm it won't make the news, but McGivern finds that other print media offer too little. The Star ?s senior editors strive to provide a mix of what he consulted with Walter Umenhofer, a local guy who had been a demolitions expert for the military. Ironically, Walt Umenhofer's you remember the explosives expert brand new Oldsmobile 88 Regency, rose from 4 percent in 1996 to 18 percent in 2000.


           Media Culture 2020 - Tampere, Finland         
Vickers, Richard and Field, James and Cooper, Graham and Thayne, Martyn and Melakoski, Cai (2013) Media Culture 2020 - Tampere, Finland. [Video]
           The effects of graphical fidelity on player experience         
Gerling, Kathrin M. and Birk, Max and Mandryk, Regan L. and Doucette, Andre (2013) The effects of graphical fidelity on player experience. In: 17th International Academic MindTrek Conference: "Making Sense of Converging Media", MindTrek 2013, 1-4 October 2013, Tampere; Finland.
          Tom of Finland        
First Breath Films are very proud to be involved with Dome Karukoski's forthcoming film on the Finish artist Touko Laaksonen, best known by his pseudonym Tom of Finland.   Touko's stylized homoerotic fetish art was a huge influence on the late twentieth century gay culture.    
                  
From Jenna Orkin

A Google Company Is Unleashing 20 Million Mosquitoes in California to Fight Zika

The world's first planned drive-through mall is now a prison — take a look at its history
Heavy-handed irony.
Afghan civilian deaths hit record high in 2017, driven by Taliban and ISIS attacks

'Winnie the Pooh' is being censored on Chinese social media

"Islamic State Leader Baghdadi Is Still Alive" Iraq, Kurds Claim

Elon Musk's Worst Nightmare: Russian AK-47 Maker Builds Fully-Automated "Killer Robot"



Clinton Ally Begala: We Should "Debate Whether We Should Blow Up" Russia

How Finland Is Preparing For A Russian Invasion

DC Robot Says Everything's Fine; Throws Itself Into Pool link

           Social media and new ecologies for learning: media culture 2020         
Field, James and Melakoski, Cai and Vickers, Richard (2013) Social media and new ecologies for learning: media culture 2020. In: MindTrek Academic Conference 2013: Making Sense of Converging Media, 1-3 October 2013, Tampere, Finland.
           Green procurement and socio-economic transparency: potential for sustainability: A Finnish case of the public sector catering industry         
Mikkola, Minna and Hingley, Martin (2013) Green procurement and socio-economic transparency: potential for sustainability: A Finnish case of the public sector catering industry. In: Futures for Food, 6–7 June 2013 , Turku, Finland.
                  
Harvest Estonia GUS 2017





Global Underscore 2017
Sat. June 24, 2017, 5–9pm
Viljandi, Estonia site

facilitator: Nancy Stark Smith
producer: Notafe festival
participants:
Jenni Ristkari (Finland), Toni Vaahtera (Finland), Lara Bogataj (Austria), Angela-Mara Florant (Germany), Kaisa Kukkonen (Finland), Evelyn Tuul (Estonia), Nadja Parssinen (Finland), Niina Rejeva (Estonia), Tina Smeja (Canada), Ursula Rummel (Estonia), Valeria Januškevitš (Estonia), Helina Karvak (Estonia), Caitlin Sidney (UK), Veronika Yakushevich (Finland), Sini Haapalinna (Finland), Marli Laur (Estonia), Elina Reineck (Finland), Kadri Noormets (Estonia), Katrin Kubber (Estonia), Merle Saarva (Estonia), Victoria Kovalenko (Finland/Ukraine), Barbara Dumont (France), Antti Marjakangas (Finland), Hari Choudhary (India), Anne Expert (France), Lidia Mertins (Estonia), Alexandre Westerlund (Sweden), Anne-Mari Anderson (Estonia), Tatjana Romanova (Estonia), Donats Rudzitiz (Latvia), Olga Trebuhina (Latvia), Helin Jürmann (Estonia), Marta Jamsja (Estonia), Janika Koppel (Estonia)


We were in a gorgeous big school assembly hall, with renovated wood floors, high ceilings, a balcony and high stage, freshly painted bluegray walls, and a deck outside that overlooked a beautiful grassy hillside with lovely wooden houses, sloping down to a large and always-inspiring lake. Big trees on the top edge of the hillside blew musically throughout the Underscore. Peonies are blossoming now and we brought several stalks of white ones into the corner of the space in a large Roman-looking urn that mysteriously showed up in the space during our workshop earlier in the week.

The maps and lists and Underscore pages were on the wall, snacks in the hall, art supplies in the corner by the peonies.

No one came to the computer for Real Time Harvest or Live Harvest during the dancing!!

Here is a live transcript of our Final Sharing Harvest and some photos.

Thank you, Nancy Hughes, Brandin Steffensen, and Patrick Crowley—our Global Underscore coordinators—for your work in bringing us together this year. It felt strong and more important than ever for us to connect worldwide, in real time, through our dancing.

It also felt important to acknowledge in this Global Underscore the call for more open discussion within the worldwide CI community about restrictions of freedom occurring in the world based on ethnicity, race, religion, nationality, gender, and other political and cultural conflicts. Can and should CI, Underscore, and Global Underscore flourish in an a-political framework? How and where do political and moral stances have a place in our CI, improvisation, somatics, and dance world and work?

Thank you, Penny Chivas and team in Glasgow, Scotland, for exposing and weathering the first harsh winds of dissent of your Global Underscore site (based on the fact of there being an Israeli site in the network!), and then thanks to Nicole Bindler, Dan Bear Davis, and Lailye Weidman for their work on a petition and video conference about political consciousness in the contact improvisation community. I look forward to a report in CQ on these conversations, perhaps in our CI Newsletter Online where there is a place for Comments.

That said, I felt again the power of our nonverbal practice— to be confronted, over and over again, with “difference” and contrast (styles, backgrounds, intentions) within the dance space, and cultivating the practice of finding generous, creative, inventive solutions. Hard work. Good humor.  Serious study. Joyful play. All at once. What a composition that is!

With love and appreciation to all who participated in this year’s Global Underscore.
xoxo Nancy SS


Our Sharing Harvest:
(transcribed live by Kaisa and Anne, thank you!)

Ienni (Finland)
I would love to sing a song
I am a bad singer
it stays in my mind:
All I want from you is forever to remember me as loving you

Angela-Mara (Germany)
Hamburg, Köln, where my friends are
feeling a lot of different emotions at the same time
Final Resolution hearing the sound of the rain and the sound of people drawing

Caitlin (UK)
I was low energy to start
I felt like I had too much
Someone came and I stayed with it
it was so fun
it was making me laugh

Hari (India)
I felt I lost myself many times
I found myself many times
getting lost in my body, getting lost in the trees
getting lost and finding myself again

Tatjana (?)
a long and multilayered journey
being with my body and the composition at the same time
it’s a game between recording the things around me and staying here in my body
it’s very subjective for me
When you meet a person, you meet a whole world. You can communicate and get know it through the movement. It is therapeutic.

Sini (Finland)
my uncle passed away this morning, so i was orientating globally, cosmically. Forms appearing and disappearing into light and then it didn’t make sense anymore. Final Resolution: light.

Alexander (Portugal/Sweden)
Many states today, another long jam, right now a feeling that I can’t really recall what happened. Was fun, intense, slow. Very absorbed in myself, sometimes out of my self. Always needing to let go to step into something next. There’s freedom there, I feel, with the work that we did. There’s a bigger picture, wholeness.

Barbara (France)
Gratitude. I wonder if grace and gratitude have a connection. I liked to see and give generosity, How dance is generated through movement. It’s about giving and taking. Was a good seed. I found humor in my dances. I went through very different phases, looking very close to the floor, trying to look very far, contrasts; looking around. What I find in underscore and dance, it’s the density of time because of the awareness of space. Time flies and at the same time it’s expanding, fullness. I was very nourished from the week, not only the workshop, but walking here, eating, swimming, watching the trees, flowers, the wind.

Victoria (Ukraine/Finland)
I feel very close to something super important of my life. CI came to my life one year ago; before, I did other things. I never saw dance as anything then. I wasn’t sure about it. Then contact happened and I met many great teachers and immediately all the puzzles came together. It’s something that can transform you so fast, compassion, practice, wisdom practice, presence, freedom. Combination of all this. I feel WOW. Thank you.

Nancy (USA)
I want to check in about time. I’m feeling the stress about the time. Could we break the rules and continue around the circle after standing, so everyone has time to talk?. [All agree.]

I was very intrigued with the open space gap we had after the Assembly. We had 10 minutes to do nothing (having finished all Assembly activities earlier than expected). I liked that—the unexpected and undesignated space.

I visited each site around the world as I stood facing Moscow in the Opening Stand. Starting with Moscow, I found myself hopping to each site (having almost memorized them from writing them several times for the wall), visiting for a moment, looking around, saying hi to some people I knew were there, then hopping to the next. Such a strong feeling knowing that they were actually there, right now, standing, facing the next place, and we were in this together.

Ann (France)
Being connected to the planet, learning to find my ease in the uncomfort and releasing into what welcomes me.

Kaisa (Finland)
I was struggling with changing states
feeling it has to come from me
it was hard to take any touch from outside
then somebody came to me
I relaxed to it and then it changed
I relaxed to that help somehow, and then it changed

Antti (Finland)
I had one of the most difficult beginnings ever
emotional outburst
this time confirmed to me the old truth
to trust the body, the movement, to find expression
movement is a way to regulate the emotional state
the emotiomal state became a compositional element
I was suffering and enjoying at the same time
not having any touch for the whole jam and finding a deeply connected dance at the end

Lara (Austria)
Sweat and tears are both salty.
I feel like cancelling the date with the earth/world.
Itchy feeling from inside, like i am scratching my skin from the inside.

Elina (Finland)
I had this moment outside, watching the trees, those impressively big trees. Suddenly I saw that each of them was dancing their small dance, then i came inside and had my small dance.

Nadja (Finland)
I have a lot to say. I enjoy the undescore, i wasn’t expecting anything. But in the warm up you said that just be in the space. I opened the movement to the body.

Each couples I had, I had really nice dances today, and I thought why it happened. There were many things. Most important was Arriving, that i could arrive before I start the dance. I also enjoyed, and the most important thing: trust the kinesthetic feelings of the body. Concreteness in the sensation of the body. Trust the body. I found this week, it has been like meditation, lots of confronting my own obstacles. Contrasts was happening this week. Most important thing was that when I had these processes. And allowing people to be how they are.

Janika (Estonia?)
I want to say thank you. Now I feel the pain in all my body, I needed it. That’s important moment for me, the small dance. It’s inspiring, all the people in the world. And i want to say about coincidence. There is a shoe holding the door open, like someone should come in.

Toni (Finland)
This nourished me:
the colour yellow, toes, flashes of smiles, dryness, the smell of sweat, cucumbers, friction, ignorance, pencils.
Concentrating on the things that nourish me.

Marta (?)
It wasn’t easy for me. I have done some CI, but i felt that i coudn’t open up. And the voices in my head were saying many things.

Lydia (?)
I said about losing myself to the information. I didn’t expect that today. I already found myself. About coincidence, there was one moment, when I found myself with three red shirts. I don’t know where they are right now. Was fun.

Merle (Estonia)
I feel today many beautiful moments, I surprised myself, because my body wanted to move very different ways, i just let it go and some moments I don’t understand what my body is doing. And there’s lots of energy and power and freedom. And after when I go out, then I understand better.

Helinä (Estonia)
When we did facing towards other coutries, it was interesting to feel the other place, almost seeing the backs from the other countries. And then here hearing the names and countries and people are still similar, from so many different places. Still doing the same stuff. I had a lot of different emotions, sensations and qualities; we started to laugh at the same time when the ear of the vase came off and it was interesting to feel that happening.

Kadri (Estonia)
I had skype with two friends of mine, from Brazil and Kyoto. When we started you were telling about the countries. Why didn’t i tell them! We could have met in the undescore. Small dance was very important and that it happened in the beginning and end.

Helin (Estonia? nonworkshop woman)
When people started this thing, I was very energetic, let’s go! But when we did the small dance, and we were facing Russia, then it changed. I didn’t know what i was doing, I was scratching the floor. That was that. I don’t know why, but i was really egoistic, i wanted just my personal space. I tried to connect with wall and it didn’t work. I sat in the corner and was painting, i took some pencils and was drawing. Many different emotions, when i watched everyone. Maybe one day i will show what i draw.

Anne-Mari (Estonia? nonworkshop)
Ci is always understanding and others better. Who am I and who are others, thinking of do I see who they are and who am I? And also curiosity. Freedom. Also i was thinking if there are some people who need more, stronger, impulse to move and other people need less impuls. Is it so, or? And with few people that we were moving like one body. Remembering my own body, I am here, trying to look it from one step away.

Tina (Montreal, Canada)
I was thinking, feeling, different states, and in the global sense I was curious about global and local, about permeability, sensing borders, boundaries, how sometimes there is free trade and sometimes heavily guarded borders. Seeing if it’s possible to sneak across the border and retreat when it’s too dangerous.

Danat (Riga, Latvia)
Thank you all of you. For that beautiful moment of healing. I think CI is very great open structure for ideas, movement. We are all very open and excited and fresh and open to the world. It’s a great thing nowadays.

Olga (Riga, Latvia)
It was my first underscore. I had many feelings. Feels like gravity, losing myself, trying to find some connections between CI, contemporary art, some ideas came to my mind, it’s so contemporary but at the same time searching for spirituality like ancient things.


  

          New Nightwish CD:dark passion        

Product Description
Although it is their sixth studio album,Dark Passion Play marks the
beginning of a new era for Finnish symphonic metal masters Nightwish.
With new vocalist Annette Olzon onboard, Nightwish returns with their
most accessible material to date. Firmly rooted in their trademark
symphonic sounds featuring elaborate keyboard and guitar parts blended
seamlessly with intricate string and choir sections, Olzon's vocals have
more pop sensibility as they are far less operatic than those of her
predecessor. This is perfectly exemplified in the vocal melodies in
Amaranth, Eva and the scorching duet with bassist Marco Hietala titled
Bye Bye Beautiful. Nightwish mastermind Tuomas Holopainen (keyboards)
not only wrote all the lyrics and all but two songs on the album, but
also helmed the project as one of the producers along with T.C. Kinnunen
and Mikko Karmila, who also mixed the album. Dark Passion Play has
already made history as Finland's most expensive recording project to
date with massive string sections and choirs and it is clearly evident
in the impeccable production. Nightwish have taken the symphonic
elements of their prior works and infused them with a new voice to
create a sound representative of the album title: dark, playful and,
most of all, passionate.
          Tähti Glögi Luomu        
Marraskuu. Pakkasta ja lunta sekä alkava pikkujoulukausi. Laseihin kaadetaan kuumaa glögiä, nimeltään Tähti Glögi Luomu (puulaakin tuotenumero 355797). Hinta on 8,98 euroa ja tilavuus 0,75 litraa. Viljaviinan ja espanjalaisen punaviinin onnistunut liitto?

I: Tuoksu kuin perinteisessä glögissä, mutta jälkimaku positiivisen pehmeä ja erilaisesti mausteinen. Parin lasillisen jälkeen edelleen pehmeä suutuntuma toisin kuin perinteisissä punkkuglögeissä.
Tähän astisista alkoholillisista glögeistä miellyttävin juotava. Maistuu myös gluteenittoman piparin tai savujuuston kera.

Ä: Pehmeä, jopa samettinen. Hienoinen kanelin vivahde, hivenen jopa kirsikkaa ja rusinaa. Tästä voi alkaa joulun odotus; hitaasti nautiskellen... pari kynttilää palaa, juustoja lautasella, rakas vieressä...


Arvosanat (asteikolla 4-10):
I: 10-.
Ä: 9+.



Vinkki: Viiniblogimaailmassa sivut tulevat ja menevät, mutta * Pieni ViiniBlogi * jatkaa edelleen :)
          El mito de Kullervo, entre Tolkien y Sibelius        
La orquesta y coro del Teatro Real junto a un refuerzo de voces locales dictan cátedra en Savonlinna con la pieza del compositor finlandés
          El tránsito de Finlandia del papel a la bioenergía        
El 21% de las exportaciones del país nórdico proceden de sus bosques, un sector que está en plena transformación
          Article Historique – L’invasion de la Finlande par L’union soviétique – La guerre d’Hiver        
La guerre d'Hiver

BelligérantsUnion soviétique - Finlande
Date 30 novembre 1939-13 mars 1940
Forces en présenceLes chiffres sont peut fiable on peut néanmoins dire qu'elle était de 1 contre 4 pour L'union soviétique.


Elle à éclaté en Novembre 1939 suite à l'invasion de la Finlande par L'union soviétique. L'origine de se conflit est la crainte par les Russes que les allemands n'utilise la Finlande comme tête de pont pour envahir la "sainte Russie" et surtout toucher directement le symbole qu'est la ville de Leningrad.



Dès 1938 la Russie tente donc d'entreprendre des négociations avec la Finlande pour renforcer leurs défenses mutuelles malgré le pacte de non agression signé avec l'Allemagne en aout 1939.
Depuis la signature, Staline qui n'accorde aucune confiance aux paroles de son allier d'un jour "Hitler", il n'a simplement signé se pacte pour éviter l'éclatement d'un conflit pour lequelle la Russie n'est pas prêt militairement.
Hitler quand à lui trouve également son compte dans la signature de se pacte avec son pire ennemis idéologique en évitant simplement l'ouverture d'une second front à l'est.
          Aosaka sensei i Stockholm        
En av vÃ¥rens absoluta höjdpunkter var Aosaka senseis besök i Stockholm. Sensei anses vara en av de verkligt stora nu levande budo-mästarna, och har bl.a. tilldelats 9 dan av Franska Karateförbundet trots att han inte utövar karate. Lägret lockade deltagare frÃ¥n Sverige, Finland, Tyskland, England och Ryssland som alla ville ta del av Senseis oerhörda […]
          Ã‰ possível o Brasil crescer sem educar?        
É possível o Brasil crescer sem educar?
Se 20% da população com menos de 15 anos é analfabeta funcional, o pais corre sério risco de se tornar “uma potência de semiletrados”

Pesquisas internacionais indicam, consistentemente, que de todos os fatores que influenciam o desempenho da educação, o mais importante para o futuro de uma criança é a formação dos pais. Se os meninos e as meninas de ho¬¬je não se tornarem pais educados – e os dados disponíveis mostram que a situação vai muito mal – o Brasil está fadado a continuar a dormir o sono dos gigantes.
Muito se falou sobre o crescimento econômico do país no go¬¬verno Lula, mas tudo indica que, por enquanto, o Brasil caminha para ser uma “potência de semiletrados”, nas palavras do economista Gustavo Ioschpe.

A Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (Pnad), divulgada na última quarta-feira, mostra que um em cada cinco brasileiros de 15 anos ou mais (20,3% do total) é analfabeto funcional – com menos de quatro anos de estudo.
No último teste do Pisa (sigla, em inglês, para Programa Internacional de Avaliação de Alunos), feito pela Organização para a Cooperação e o Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE), os brasileiros ficaram na rabeira. Em matemática, o país ficou na 53.ª posição, entre 57 países. Em leitura, em 48.º, e em ciência, na 52.ª posição.
Desde que universalizou o acesso ao ensino fundamental, o país sofre para conseguir melhorar a qualidade da educação. Um ano na quarta série no Brasil ainda é bastante diferente de um ano na mesma série nos Estados Unidos, por exemplo.
De acordo com o teste do Pisa, um brasileiro de 15 anos tem a mesma habilidade de leitura que um finlandês de 9 anos. A comparação pode parecer injusta, porque a Finlândia é uma das primeiras no ranking, mas o Brasil também está atrás de outros países em desenvolvimento, como China, Chile, Uruguai e México.
Economistas já se debruçaram sobre a relação entre educação e desenvolvimento. Que ela existe, não há dúvida, mas em que medida elas são interdependentes? O cenário ideal indica que as duas forças se reforçam mutuamente.
Mais rico, um país pode gastar mais em educação e ficar ainda mais rico. Mas, se ao crescer economicamente, o país não investir na formação de sua população, seu desenvolvimento será limitado e insustentável, tendendo a regredir.
E o que o Brasil precisa fazer para melhorar a qualidade do seu sistema educacional? O que ninguém discute é que, se há que se priorizar algo por conta de restrições orçamentárias, o melhor é focar na educação dos primeiros anos. A fase inicial é determinante, porque é nela que a criança desenvolve as habilidades cognitivas e emocionais. Aprender quando mais velho é possível, claro, mas complicado. Muito do futuro de um estudante está ligado ao começo de sua vida escolar.
Nesse sentido, o Brasil investe muito mal. Um aluno do ensino superior recebe dos cofres públicos um investimento dez vezes maior do que o recebido pelo aluno do ensino fundamental. A julgar pelo perfil econômico dos alunos das universidades públicas, boa parte dos quais egressos do sistema particular de ensino, há uma alocação equivocada de recursos por parte do Estado ao longo do sistema educacional, o que acaba por gerar a distorção bem conhecida: quem fez o ensino fundamental na escola pública tem menos chance de ingressar nas universidades federais e estaduais.
Outro ponto fundamental é melhorar a qualificação dos professores. Uma maneira de conseguir isso é criar incentivos para que os próprios professores se interessem em buscar qualificação. A política de atrelar incentivos e bonificações àqueles que conseguem os melhores resultados pode ser um caminho.
Nos Estados Unidos, todos os estados dispõem de algum tipo de política que valoriza o professor por seu desempenho.
Mas esse tipo de política só faz sentido quando a escola tem os recursos mínimos para desempenhar seu papel. Se as crianças estão indo para a escola mal-alimentadas ou doentes, é claro que elas terão mais dificuldades. Se o quadro negro e as carteiras estão quebrados, a atenção do aluno se dispersa.
Três políticas
Eric Hanushek e Ludger Wößmann, economistas do Banco Mundial, estudam há anos a relação entre desenvolvimento e educação. Numa pesquisa intitulada “O Papel da Educação de Qualidade no Desenvolvimento”, de 2007, eles sugerem três caminhos para a melhora do sistema educacional.
“A chave pode estar nos incentivos – incentivos que levem à gestão focada na performance do aluno e que promova escolas com professores de alta qualidade. Para isso, três políticas vêm à frente: a promoção de maior concorrência, de modo que a demanda dos pais crie fortes incentivos para as escolas; autonomia na to¬¬mada de decisão local, para que as escolas e seus diretores to¬¬mem ações para promover o aproveitamento do aluno; e um sistema que identifique o bom desempenho das escolas e conduza a re¬¬com¬¬pensas baseadas nesses desempenhos”, diz a pesquisa.
FONTE: www.gazetadopovo.com.br publicado em Publicado em 11/09/2010 | Breno Baldrati
          jukka-pekka kervinen – coffee beans        
[unfound91]

jukka-pekka kervinen

“coffee beans”

the ever-so prlofic jukka-pekka kervinen of finland delivers a 4-tracker of quirky, trippy, abstract minimal techno with a gritty, off-kilter experimental edge. eat it up. now.

mastered by pheek

Button: by

          36 - David Quirk        

Known for his hyper-personal material about death, infidelity and suicide, David Quirk is happy to be an outsider, to the comedy community as well as his audience. We discuss the tropes of contemporary standup and David’s decision to move away from them; the need to watch other people’s shows or not; and what it feels like to release oneself from the compulsion to be funny. We also touch on negative-sounding noises that mean people hate you.

David Quirk, Adelaide, YouTube, Suicide, Bill Hicks, John Gordillo, Finland, Karl Chandler, Jongleurs, Johnny Ramone, Political Humour, Grindr, Bridget Christie, Harley Breen


          Stebrother And Stepsister From Finland Are Having An Unnatural Relationship        
Watch Stebrother And Stepsister From Finland Are Having An Unnatural Relationship on rnoPo.com - free hardcore porn videos and amateur sex tapes.
          Maker Continues Laplander Culture with Sami Knives        

Roman Kislitsyn grew up in Apatity in the Murmansk region of northwestern Russia. Close to Norway, parts of the area also include the lands of the Sami people (in the past referred to as Lapps or Laplanders) which traverse the Kola Peninsula of Russia, and the northern and coastal regions of Finland, Sweden and Norway. Roman and others in his family are geologists so he spent much of his childhood […]

The post Maker Continues Laplander Culture with Sami Knives appeared first on Blade Magazine.


          The Kills announce 'Echo Home: Non-Electric EP' in celebration of 15th Anniversary        

_

The Kills – Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince – will release the Echo Home – Non-Electric EP digitally on June 2nd, with a limited edition 10” vinyl release available for pre-order today.

Both the physical and digital versions of the Echo Home – Non-Electric EP will feature audio from a stripped down session the band captured recently at Electric Lady Studios in New York. Alongside “Echo Home”, the EP features Ash & Ice track “That Love”, a cover of Rihanna’s “Desperado” (which the band originally played as part of a Sirius XMU session), and the song “Wait”, off the band’s first ever release, Black Rooster EP, which celebrates it’s 15 year anniversary on May 28th.

The Black Rooster EP was originally released on Dim Mak in 2002 and was the start of what’s been an incredible career for Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince of The Kills.

With five full-length albums (the most recent being 2016’s Ash & Ice), four EPs, a documentary, and countless live shows under their belt, the passion and fire they continue to bring to every recording and performance is extraordinary.

In their 15th year as a band, The Kills have been looking back and celebrating with a string of anniversary shows and retrospective features, and now this re-recording of “Wait”, one of the first Kills songs ever released. Steve Aoki, owner of Dim Mak and another artist who has proven a career with similar staying power, recently had some words to share on the release of Black Rooster:

"Many moons ago, back in 2002, I had to make a decision whether to pursue a Ph.D. Program or continue with my label Dim Mak & after hearing a demo from The Kills and becoming the first American label to release their EP Black Rooster, I knew what path I was going to choose. They took me under their wing and I hit the road with them as their tour manager, merch guy, driver (we all took turns) and label. I’ll never forget that and love Jamie and Alison forever. Thank you for believing in lil me when not many people gave two shits about Dim Mak and what we were doing. Ride or Die.” – STEVE AOKI

Pre-order the Echo Home 10” HERE.

The Kills 2017 Tour Dates:

05/27 Liverpool, UK - Liverpool Sound City
05/28 Margate, UK - Margate Wonderland
05/30 London, UK - Shepherds Bush Empire
06/02 Saint-Brieuc, France - Art Rock Festival
06/03 Saint-Laurent-De-Cuves, France - Papillons De Nuit Festival
06/06 Prague, Czech Republic - Roxy
06/07 Liepzig, Germany - Taubchenthal
06/09 Copenhagen, Denmark - Vega
06/10 Aarhus, Denmark - Northside Festival
06/13 Munich, Germany - Olympic Stadium *
06/16 London, UK - London Stadium *
06/17 London, UK - London Stadium *
06/24 Athens, Greece - Ejekt Festival
06/19 Helsinki, Finland - Rock The Beach #
06/21 Riga, Latvia - Lucavsala Island #
06/29 Gydnia, Poland - Open’er
07/02 Werchter, Belgium - Rock Werchter
07/07 Lisbon, Portugal - Nos Alive
07/10 Montreaux, Switzerland - Montreaux Jazz Festival
07/12 Dour, Belgium - Dour Festival
07/16 Berlin, Germany - Melt Festival
08/12 Bucharest, Romania - Summer Well Festival
08/15 Budapest, Hungary - Sziget Festival
08/17 Gampel, Switzerland - Open Air Gampel
08/19 Zagreb, Croatia - Tvornica Kulture
08/25 Charleville Mezières, France - Cabaret Vert
08/26 Paris, France - Rock En Seine
09/19 Porto Alegre, Brazil - Anfiteatro Parque (Outdoor) %
09/21 Rio, Brazil - Rock In Rio
09/23 Sao Paulo, Brazil - Allianz Parque %

* = with Guns ‘N’ Roses
# = with Foo Fighters
% = with Bon Jovi 


          Extension between Alvar Aalto Museum and the Museum of Central Finland | Jyväskylä        
 
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          Re: Here's What a Skills-Based Curriculum Means In Finland        
Leave it to Nathan K to come up with a racist take on educational differences between Finland and its neighbors.
Posted by skinnyman
          Re: Here's What a Skills-Based Curriculum Means In Finland        
Again, it really boils down to teacher preparation and esteem for the profession of teaching. Finland's teachers are not paid particularly well but students flock to teaching preparation degrees (a masters degree is required!).
Posted by Rick Spanier
          A brief history of my thoughts about history        
Recently I saw a video about how they do education in Finland. It’s impressive. So much so that, at the time, I promised myself I’d read more about it (or watch more videos). To date I’ve failed to keep that … Continue reading
           Correspondence between the temporal and spacial behavior in reversible one-dimensional cellular automata equivalent with the full shift         
Mora, J. C., Martinez, G. J. and McIntosh, H. V. (2004) Correspondence between the temporal and spacial behavior in reversible one-dimensional cellular automata equivalent with the full shift. In: DMCS Workshop, University of Turku, Finland, 2004. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/10570
          Israel: Jerusalem Palestinians Stripped of Status        

Israeli police check the identification card of a Palestinian woman at Damascus Gate in the Israeli occupied Old City of Jerusalem. 

© 2016 Ammar Awad/Reuters

(Jerusalem) – Israel’s revocations of the residency status of thousands of Palestinians from East Jerusalem over the years illustrates the two-tiered system Israel maintains in the city, Human Rights Watch said today. The residency system imposes onerous requirements on Palestinians to maintain their status, with significant consequences for those who don’t.

Between the start of Israel’s occupation of East Jerusalem in 1967 and the end of 2016, Israel revoked the status of at least 14,595 Palestinians from East Jerusalem, according to the Interior Ministry. Authorities have justified most revocations based on a failure to prove a “center of life” in Jerusalem but, in recent years, they have also revoked status to punish Palestinians accused of attacking Israelis and as collective punishment against relatives of suspected assailants. The discriminatory system pushes many Palestinians to leave their home city in what amounts to forcible transfers, a serious violation of international law.

“Israel claims to treat Jerusalem as a unified city, but the reality is effectively one set of rules for Jews and another for Palestinians,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “Entrenched discrimination against Palestinians in Jerusalem, including residency policies that imperil their legal status, feeds the alienation of the city’s residents.”

Human Rights Watch interviewed eight families in Jerusalem whose residency has been revoked between March and July 2017, reviewed status revocation letters, court decisions, and other official documents, in addition to speaking to their lawyers. The identity of several interviewees has been concealed to protect their privacy and prevent possible reprisals from authorities.

One man whose residency Israel had cancelled said he had to scale Israel’s separation barrier to attend a family wedding in another part of the West Bank. Another said Israeli authorities refused to issue birth certificates to his five children, all born in Jerusalem. Other Jerusalem residents without residency status interviewed described being unable to legally work; obtain social welfare benefits; attend weddings and funerals; or visit gravely ill relatives abroad, for fear Israeli authorities would refuse to allow them to return home.

Residency revocations are part of a range of policies that include unlawful settlement expansion, home demolitions, and restrictions on building in the city that have shifted the demographics in East Jerusalem. This outcome reflects the Israeli government’s goal of “maintaining a solid Jewish majority in the city,” as stated in the Jerusalem municipality’s master plan (“Jerusalem Outline Plan 2000”), and limiting the number of Palestinian residents. Originally setting a target “ratio of 70% Jews and 30% Arab,” planners later acknowledged that “this goal is not attainable” in light of “the demographic trend” and adjusted to a 60-40 target. Palestinians constituted 37 percent of Jerusalem’s population in 2015, according to Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics.

After occupying East Jerusalem in 1967, Israel annexed and began applying its domestic law to the area. It applied the 1952 Law of Entry to Palestinians from East Jerusalem and offered them permanent residency, the same status afforded to a foreigner who wants to live in Israel. Permanent residents may live, work, and receive benefits in Israel, but that status derives from their presence, which can be withdrawn if one settles outside of Israel. It does not automatically pass to one’s children or non-resident spouse and can be revoked at the Interior Ministry’s discretion.

Wael Kawamleh, a Palestinian resident of East Jerusalem, with his wife, Faheema al-Saedi, and two eldest children, Fayez and Khulood. Israeli authorities rejected residency applications for Fayez and Khulood, leaving them effectively stateless and unable to move or work freely. They also rejected a family reunification petition for al-Saedi. 

© 2017 Private

A path to citizenship exists for Palestinian Jerusalemite permanent residents, but the vast majority chose not to pursue it, as it involves pledging allegiance to Israel, the occupying power. And not all of those who apply are granted citizenship. Since 2003, only about 15,000 of Jerusalem’s 330,000 Palestinians have applied for citizenship; Israeli authorities have approved fewer than 6,000 of them.

For decades, Israeli authorities revoked residency when Palestinian Jerusalemites settled outside Israel for seven or more years without renewing their exit permits or obtained permanent residency or citizenship in another country. Most revocations, though, have taken place since 1995, after the Interior Ministry reinterpreted the 1952 Law of Entry to permit revocations of residency for those who did not actively maintain a “center of life” in Jerusalem. Under the new interpretation, Israeli authorities began to also revoke residency when Palestinian Jerusalemites lived in other parts of Palestine outside Jerusalem’s municipal borders or studied or worked abroad for extended periods of time.

Jerusalemites who are Israeli citizens do not have to prove that they maintain a “center of life” in the city in order to safeguard their legal status.

Israeli authorities have also in recent years revoked the status of Palestinians in East Jerusalem under the Law of Entry for violating their “minimal obligation of loyalty to the state of Israel.” First used against four Hamas members elected to the Palestinian Legislative Council in 2006, authorities have, following an October 2015 government decree, invoked this justification against individuals accused of physically attacking Israelis and against the suspects’ families.

Residency revocations often effectively force Palestinians from East Jerusalem, who are protected by virtue of Israel’s occupation under the Fourth Geneva Convention, to leave the territory they live in. This constitutes forcible transfers when causing displacement to other parts of the Occupied Palestinian Territory and deportations when displacement takes place outside the country. The convention allows such measures only on a temporary basis for “imperative military reasons.” Failing to maintain a “center of life” in Jerusalem does not meet the convention’s restrictive standard.

Israel claims to treat Jerusalem as a unified city, but the reality is effectively one set of rules for Jews and another for Palestinians.

Sarah Leah Whitson

Middle East director

Deportation or forced transfers of any part of the population of an occupied territory could amount to war crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The prohibition on forcible transfer extends beyond cases in which a military force directly relocates a population under its control, to cases in which the military force makes life so difficult that people are essentially forced to leave. Human rights law also protects the right to freely leave and return to one’s own country.

International humanitarian law also expressly forbids an occupying power from compelling people under occupation to pledge loyalty or allegiance to it.

In a March 2017 decision, the Israeli High Court of Justice ruled that Palestinians from East Jerusalem enjoy “special status” as “native-born” residents that authorities should account for in determining their status. Consistent with the strict international law prohibition on forcible displacement or deportation, Israeli authorities should grant Jerusalem residents the right of residency that they are entitled to as the population of an occupied territory as well as under international human rights law. Palestinians should not have to pursue citizenship while under occupation to secure their status and rights.

“As part of its quest to solidify a Jewish majority in Jerusalem, Israeli authorities force Palestinian Jerusalemites to live as foreigners in their own homes,” Whitson said. “The status of Palestinians only remains secure so long as they do not exercise their right to travel abroad to study or work, move to the wrong neighborhood or obtain status in another country.”

Israeli Policy in Jerusalem

After seizing the West Bank in 1967, Israel unilaterally annexed 72 square kilometers, including the eastern part of Jerusalem and 28 surrounding West Bank villages, to the Jerusalem municipality. This area, commonly called East Jerusalem, had 66,000 Palestinian residents, 24 percent of the new municipality’s population. Whereas Israeli military orders apply to the rest of the West Bank, Israel applies its own civil laws to East Jerusalem. Human Rights Watch is not aware of any other country that recognizes Israel’s annexation of East Jerusalem, which remains occupied territory under international law.

Israel has since transferred thousands of its own Jewish citizens to East Jerusalem, a war crime under international law, while refusing to approve most zoning plans in Palestinian neighborhoods that would allow expansion. Left with no choice but to build and expand their homes without permits, Palestinians live under threat of home demolitions. Since January 2012, 617 structures, including residences, have been demolished for lack of a permit, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, OCHA.

In addition, the government discriminates in budget allocation. According to the Israeli rights organization Ir Amim, only 10.1 percent of the 2013 municipal budget was allocated for projects and spending in Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem, though Palestinians are 37 percent of the population. As a result, most Palestinian neighborhoods have poor infrastructure and inadequate health, recreation, and educational services, compared with Israeli neighborhoods, which have well-paved roads, numerous parks and playgrounds, adequate refuse collection, and sufficient places for children in schools. Seventy-six percent of East Jerusalem Palestinians live below the poverty line, according to the Israeli organization Association for Civil Rights in Israel.

“Center of Life” Revocations

Nearly 80 percent of permanent residency revocations during Israel’s 50-year-occupation according to Israeli government figures have taken place since 1995 when the Interior Ministry, based on a 1988 High Court of Justice decision, began requiring Palestinians to show that their “center of life” is in East Jerusalem in order to maintain their residency.

Losing that status forces Palestinians either to leave Jerusalem or to remain in violation of Israeli domestic law. The Law of Entry authorizes arrest and deportation for those found without legal status. Without legal status, Palestinians cannot formally work, move freely, renew driver’s licenses, or obtain birth certificates for children, needed to register them in school. They could also lose benefits under Israel’s national insurance program, which provides social welfare benefits such as health care, unemployment benefits, and support payments for children, the elderly, and people with disabilities. Palestinians from East Jerusalem said that the fear of losing this status weighs on their daily life, determining where families live and blocking educational and professional opportunities.

Those who lose their residency may challenge the revocation as unlawful or petition the Interior Ministry to recover their status, during which time they can obtain a temporary status to remain in Jerusalem. Some Palestinians have succeeded in reinstating their status, but often after protracted legal and administrative processes that many cannot afford.

“Ramy,” Shuafat

“Ramy,” whose family moved to Jerusalem in 1948 after being displaced from their village in what became Israel, grew up in the Shuafat neighborhood of East Jerusalem and obtained his permanent resident card, as is customary, when he turned 16 in 1987. As a result of closures at his high school during the first Intifada in the late 1980’s, he spent time in the United States and relocated to California in 1989, traveling on an Israeli laissez-passer, or permit, he told Human Rights Watch. He stayed for six years, finishing his studies and working, and obtaining US citizenship in 1993, documents Human Rights Watch reviewed show.

Ramy moved back to Jerusalem in July 1995. Officials at Ben Gurion Airport gave him a three-month tourist visa instead of allowing him entry as a Jerusalem resident, but the Interior Ministry apologized for a “mistake” and reissued his Jerusalem identification days later, he said.

But Ramy says he has faced repeated challenges since. Israeli authorities refused to issue birth certificates for his five children, all born in Jerusalem between 1997 and 2006, saying he did not have status. In 2002, he sought to re-establish his residency with the Interior Ministry, but officials told him that he could not since his center of life was in parts of the West Bank outside Jerusalem. After he showed evidence that he maintained his center of life in Jerusalem, officials said the rejection stemmed from living abroad and having status in the US, he said. Unable to register his children at school without birth certificates, Ramy ultimately obtained West Bank and American birth certificates for them, based on his wife’s West Bank ID and his American citizenship.

Ramy said that in 2007, he retained a lawyer to help him recover his permanent residency, but the Interior Ministry told him his American citizenship made him ineligible. In 2011, the Israeli National Insurance Institute refused to reinstate his social security, health insurance, and other social welfare benefits, saying he lacked legal status, which he needed to resolve with the Interior Ministry, according to documents Human Rights Watch reviewed. Ramy said that his modest salary as a laborer in Israel and having to pay for his children’s education made it virtually impossible for him to finance a costly and protracted legal challenge to his revocation.

Having only an expired ID from July 1995, Ramy said, he sometimes faced difficulties crossing checkpoints between Jerusalem and the rest of the West Bank. In May 2016, a soldier at a checkpoint confiscated his driver’s license and told him only the Interior Ministry could reinstate it. There, they told him that his name was not in the system and that his residency had been revoked in 2007. He applied to recover his Jerusalem residency then and sought to obtain a three-month visa in the interim, but the Interior Ministry denied it on the grounds that his illegal stay in Israel had made him ineligible.

Ramy today lives in limbo, not legally able to work, regain his social welfare benefits, or move or travel freely while he remains in Jerusalem without status.

“Ibrahim,” Ras al-Amoud

“Ibrahim,” a 43-year-old from the Ras al-Amoud neighborhood of East Jerusalem, left home in 1990 to join family in Finland, where his father had sought political asylum. Possessing only Jerusalem residency, he traveled on an Israeli lassez-paisser. He worked in Finland as a chef, married in 1996, and had a son in 1999. He said that he opted not to obtain Finnish citizenship for fear of losing his status in Jerusalem. Instead, he visited Jerusalem about once a year on Israeli or Finnish laissez-passers, obtaining three-month visas upon returning to Finland.

In 2004, however, the Israeli Embassy in Finland told him that it would not renew his laissez-passer, saying “this is what’s available – go apply for Finnish passport and visit on a tourist visa.” In reaction, he said he reapplied for Finnish laissez-passers and obtained a permanent resident visa.

In 2006, Ibrahim flew into Ben Gurion Airport with his wife and 7-year-old son, both Brazilian nationals. He said that airport officials told him he needed a visa to enter, confiscated his Jerusalem ID, and asked him what proof he had that he was from Jerusalem. Airport authorities detained him for two days after permitting his wife and son entry, then deported him to Finland, where police awaited him at the airport. He managed to obtain an Israeli entry visa the next year, after his brother signed a commitment at the Interior Ministry that he would not stay more than a week. Ibrahim was able to enter Israel shortly thereafter, and filed papers to recover his Jerusalem residency. The arduous process involved submitting comprehensive paperwork, including a certificate of good behavior from Finnish police, renouncing Finnish residency and all rights there, and legal action lasting eight years, until Israeli authorities restored his residency in 2015.

From 2007 to 2015, the only identification Ibrahim had was an expired laissez-passer; whenever asked for ID, he had to explain that he was awaiting Interior Ministry renewal. During this period, Ibrahim could only work informally and never left Jerusalem, except once, to attend a family wedding in the West Bank city of Abu Dis. To return, he scaled Israel’s Separation Barrier, fearing he would be turned back at an Israeli checkpoint.

“Abu Yahya,” Beit Hanina

“Abu Yahya,” a Palestinian permanent resident and US national from the Beit Hanina neighborhood of East Jerusalem, left Jerusalem after high school in 1994 to attend college in the US. Although he visited Jerusalem without incident in 1995, he said that when he visited again in 1996, Ben Gurion Airport officials gave him a three-month tourist visa, instead of allowing him entry as a Jerusalem resident. A few days later, Interior Ministry officials told him that he could not concurrently hold Jerusalem residency and US citizenship, although the law permits Israelis to have dual citizenship or residency. During periodic visits between 1996 and 2012, airport authorities permitted him entry each time, though at times on a time-limited visitor visa.

After moving permanently back to Jerusalem in 2012, he sought to restore his social security, health insurance, and other social welfare benefits with Israel’s National Insurance Institution, but they told him that he did not appear in their system as a citizen or resident. Later that year, an Interior Ministry official told him, when he requested a birth certificate for his daughter, that he is not a resident, but like “a Thai or a tourist,” and issued his daughter a birth certificate without an ID number. He said it felt “absurd” to be “born and raised here and have someone come tell you that you don’t belong.”

In 2014, Abu Yahya filed paperwork, including an FBI background check, to regain his status. After he obtained a conditional temporary ID, which he renewed several times, and stayed in Jerusalem for two years, the Interior Ministry informed him in July 2017 that his application for permanent residency had been approved and that he would receive his ID within 20 days. His daughters, though, remain without legal status, so he anticipates the administrative process will continue.

Abu Yahya estimates that he has spent over 100 hours dealing with his ID status during this time and, despite having pro-bono counsel, has paid over 5,000 NIS (US$1,400) in legal and administrative fees. Over the last three-and-a-half years, while his status remained uncertain, he did not travel and had to forego the funeral of a close friend outside the country and other important events.

“Bassema,” Shuafat

“Bassema,” a Palestinian whose parents come from the Shuafat neighborhood in East Jerusalem, was born and raised in the US and thereby held no status in Israel or Palestine growing up. She moved to Jerusalem in 1992 to marry a Palestinian permanent resident, through whom she obtained temporary residency in 1994 via a family reunification petition.

In 2003, she moved back to the US to obtain a graduate degree and obtain medical treatment for her son, who had hearing and speech impairments, she said. She ended up getting a divorce and staying in the US for a decade.

Bassema arrived at Ben Gurion Airport in 2013, intending to move back to Jerusalem. Airport officials gave her a three-month visa after briefly questioning her and her two sons, both born in Jerusalem, and requiring her to sign a document in Hebrew that they had told her said she needed to go to the Interior Ministry to recover her Jerusalem status. She hired a lawyer to pursue reinstating her and her sons’ statuses.

Since then, Bassema and her sons have gone long stretches without any status, making it impossible, she said, to “maintain any kind of normal life.” Her sons re-obtained their residency in 2016; while she remains on a visitor’s visa, which she has renewed seven times since March 2016 – having to go to court the last two times after initial refusals. She estimates that the administrative process has cost her over 10,000 NIS (US$2,800), in addition to stress and anxiety.

During this time, she said, she has not wanted to risk her status by leaving the country, leaving her unable to attend her brother’s wedding or to visit a sick relative outside the country.

Wael Kawamleh, Kufr Aqab

Wael Kawamleh, born in 1962, obtained residency shortly after Israel occupied East Jerusalem in 1967. He moved to Abu Dhabi after graduating from high school in 1980 to work for a petroleum company. He married there and had four children, periodically visiting Jerusalem.

He said that in 1999, he decided to move back to Jerusalem to “protect my status and to start the family reunification process for my family,” afraid that his time away and ongoing Israeli-Palestinian negotiations might jeopardize his status.

Kawamleh now lives with his family to Kufr Aqab, an overcrowded neighborhood within Jerusalem’s municipal boundaries but east of Israel’s Separation Barrier. Palestinian Jerusalemites often choose to live there since it allows them to maintain a “center of life” in Jerusalem, while living with family members who have West Bank or no residency status.

While Kawamleh has maintained his own residency status, the Interior Ministry rejected residency applications for his two eldest children, Fayez and Khulood, in 2003 and 2004. When he pressed for an explanation, they offered various reasons, including that they lived in the West Bank. In 2012, though, the Interior Ministry granted his two youngest children Jerusalem residency.

Fayez and Khulood, now 31 and 29 respectively, have no status anywhere. Kawamleh sought West Bank residency for them from the Palestinian Authority, but failed. They are effectively stateless, confined to small pockets of the West Bank, where they do not need to pass a checkpoint where they could be stopped and subjected to criminal charges or deportation. Kawamleh’s wife Faheema al-Saedi, a Jordanian national, initially obtained an entry visa from Israeli authorities, but that lapsed and she has not been able to obtain status by applying on the grounds of family reunification.

Kawamleh says he regrets moving back: “I left everything to hold onto my ID and what did we get back? No IDs for two of my kids and no visa for my wife, meaning they can’t work or move freely.”

Punitive Revocations

Abed Dawiat, Sur Baher

On January 19, 2016, Israeli authorities revoked the residency of then 18-year-old Abed Dawiat, from the Palestinian neighborhood of Sur Baher in East Jerusalem, for his alleged involvement in a stone-throwing incident several months earlier that led to the death of an Israeli citizen, Alex Leblovitch. In a letter to Dawiat’s lawyer, Interior Minister Aryeh Deri said that the revocation stemmed from “the murderous terror attack” in which Dawiat “deliberately threw stones” at cars on a Jerusalem road, leading to Leblovitch’s death and the serious injury of another Israeli. Deri further said that “the residency status requires basic commitment and loyalty,” including the obligation “not to act against the [Israeli] state or take action which undermines its existence,” for which Dawiat’s actions constituted a “brazen and severe violation.”

The Dawiats have lived in Jerusalem since well before 1967, said Abed’s mother, Sarah Dawiat. She said that she first heard of the revocation of her son’s residency in the media, several months before she received the formal Interior Ministry letter. In addition to revoking his residency, Israeli forces sealed off the family’s home with metal sheets, making it unusable and displacing the family.

Dawiat accepted a plea bargain for a 100,000 NIS fine (US$2800) and an 18-year jail sentence, which he is serving in Nafha Prison. He has challenged his residency revocation in front of the High Court of Justice; if that petition fails, he will not be permitted to live with his family in Jerusalem when he finishes serving his sentence.

Abu Rajab Family, al-Issawiya

In 1992, Maysa Herbawi, a Jerusalem resident, married Kassaf Abu Rajab, a West Bank ID holder, and they lived in the West Bank outside of Jerusalem because of Abu Rajab’s status. Abu Rajab’s family is from Jerusalem’s Old City, but they had been outside Jerusalem when Israeli authorities conducted the census in 1967 that served as the basis for granting residency. Abu Rajab was born in 1969 and raised in Anata, a town four kilometers east of the Old City. In 2013, though, Herbawi and Abu Rajab entered East Jerusalem with their seven children at the time – Abu Rajab without a permit – and applied for family reunification under Herbawi’s residency. They spent the next two and-a-half years pursuing their application.

That all changed on March 8, 2016, when their son Fuad opened fire on Israeli forces in East Jerusalem, wounding two officers before dying in the resulting firefight. In the aftermath, Israeli Public Security Ministry Gilad Erdan instructed police to investigate the legal status of the Abu Rajab family, declaring, “My instructions to the police were clear: whoever is here illegally will be deported.”

The day of the attack, Herbawi said, police raided the family home in al-Issawiya, turning it upside down and telling them, “if you remain at the house, we will expel you to Syria or Gaza.” They also detained Abu Rajab for 11 days – initially accusing him of buying weapons for his son, then pointing to his illegal stay in Jerusalem – and interrogated all members of the family. Herbawi said the police compelled them all to sign a document written in Hebrew, which she said she did not understand, and which she later learned prohibited everyone but her – a Jerusalem permanent resident – and her two youngest children, 2-year-old twins born in Jerusalem, from being in Jerusalem. Police then dropped her and the rest of the family – except for Abu Rajab, who was detained for several more days – at the Qalandia checkpoint, which separates Jerusalem from Ramallah.

The family of 10 now lives in a two-bedroom apartment belonging to Abu Rajab’s mother, in the West Bank village of al-Judeira. Only Herbawi has visited Jerusalem since. Abu Rajab told Human Rights Watch that, “my children are not happy here, they refuse to accept our current situation, don’t feel they belong here and want to go back to Jerusalem.” Two have dropped out of school and another is coping with depression, he said.

Qunbar Family, Jabal al-Mukabar

On January 8, 2017, Fadi Qunbar, a 28-year-old from the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Jabal al-Mukabar, drove a truck into a group of Israeli soldiers, killing four before he was killed. Within days, the Interior Ministry sent letters to 13 members of the Qunbar family, notifying them of its intention to revoke their Jerusalem statuses.

A January 10 letter to Diaa Qunbar, Fadi’s nephew, reviewed by Human Rights Watch, bases the revocation on “information suggesting a number of people of your extended family are suspected of having a connection to ISIS and involvement in terrorist activity,” making “your continued presence in Israel” a “security concern.” HaMoked, an Israeli nongovernmental organization that represents several Qunbar family members, said that the Interior Ministry sent identical letters to 11 other relatives. The letter to Minwa Qunbar, Fadi’s mother, also grounded the revocation on the claim that she had falsely stated 30 years earlier that her marriage was not an act of bigamy, when in fact her husband had still been married to another woman.

Several days later, the Interior Ministry interviewed all those who had received a letter and, on January 25, announced that it had formally revoked the status of 13 members of the Qunbar family: Minwa (permanent residency), Mohamad (temporary residency), Salah (temporary residency), Ahmed (temporary residency), Diaa (stay permit), Manal (stay permit), Riyad (stay permit), Hassan (stay permit), Bassam (stay permit), Younis (stay permit), Zakariya (stay permit), child (stay permit), and child (stay permit).

Lawyers for members of the Qunbar family appealed the next day to the Appeals Tribunal, which issued temporary orders the same day to suspend the Interior Ministry’s decision. The legal challenge remains pending in the courts and the relatives each have a document saying they can remain in Jerusalem in the interim.

Israel’s security-based justification belies statements made by Interior Minister Aryeh Deri. On January 9, the day after the attack, he declared a “new era against terror and terrorists with a status that they exploit to carry out terrible attacks against civilians,” citing the Qunbar attack and saying, “from now on, anyone who plots, plans or considers carrying out an attack will know that his family will pay a heavy price for his deed.” Deri added in the official January 25 ministry announcement, that “only immediate and practical acts will deter assailants. I am convinced that the revocation of family members’ status will serve as a warning for others.”

Minwa Qunbar said that, although her husband had been concurrently married to her and his previous wife for a time, he divorced his previous wife before registering her marriage and that she has been in Jerusalem for over three decades without Israeli authorities raising this as a concern.

In addition to revoking their residency, Israeli authorities sealed Fadi Qunbar’s home with concrete, which Human Rights Watch observed, leading his wife and four children, the youngest of whom is a year old, to move in with Minwa Qunbar. Home demolitions imposed as a collective punishment in occupied territory, which accompanied residency revocations in two of the cases Human Rights Watch documented, are war crimes. Israeli authorities also brought a civil suit against the family for damages and Minwa Qunbar said that Israeli authorities cut her national insurance benefits in March.

Hind Qunbar, Fadi’s half-sister and mother of Diaa Qunbar, whose status was revoked after the January attack, said that the revocations undermined years of her efforts, including family reunification applications to obtain status for her sons, submission of documents to the Interior Ministry, and home visit inspections every two years by National Insurance Institute, which oversees social welfare benefits, to safeguard her family’s status in Jerusalem. Israeli authorities revoked the status of her other son, Bahaa, in 2015 after arresting him with a knife in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Jabal al-Mubakar and accusing him of planning to attack Israelis. She said that the uncertainty surrounding Diaa Qunbar’s Jerusalem status has made it difficult for him to find work and imperiled the family’s economic situation.

Other Discriminatory Residency Revocations

Israel also effectively controls the Palestinian population registry in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Palestinian Authority issues identification documents to Palestinians in these territories, but can only do so in coordination with Israel, which has cancelled or refused registration, residency, and family unification requests for more than 230,000 Palestinians since 1967, many on grounds of remaining outside the West Bank and Gaza for too long.


          La Finlande et les Sten        
Plusieurs d'entre vous avez dû voir des Sten MkII et MkIII avec le marquage SA dans un carré. Il s'agit du poinçon pour l'Armée Finlandaise. SA= Suomen Armeija (=Armee Finlandaise dans la langue finlandaise) L'info sur S.A vient de JB5 sur http://lagrandeguerre.cultureforum.net/t36191p20-cartouchiere-allemande Citation :Alko The SA marked British S.T.E.N. guns were WW-2 manufacture, as there was no need to produce any after WW-2. The Finnish Army was happy to get rid of a whole ...
          Hal yang mengenai Internet        

Perkembangan Internet

Teknologi Informasi dan Telekomunikasi (Information and Communication Technology/ICT) merupakan tulang punggung aplikasi Web 2.0. Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi yang fenomenal dan menjadi awal munculnya aplikasi web adalah Internet. Internet yang berawal dari riset untuk pertahanan dan keamanan serta pendidikan berkembang menjadi perangkat pendukung bisnis yang sangat berpengaruh. Dalam kaitan dengan aplikasi Web 2.0 ini, terdapat beberapa peristiwa penting dalam sejarah internet.
Berawal pada tahun 1957, melalui Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), Amerika Serikat bertekad mengembangkan jaringan komunikasi terintegrasi yang saling menghubungkan komunitas sains dan keperluan militer. Hal ini dilatarbelakangi oleh terjadinya perang dingin antara Amerika Serikat dengan Uni Soviet (tahun 1957 Soviet meluncurkan sputnik).
Perkembangan besar Internet pertama adalah penemuan terpenting ARPA yaitu packet switching pada tahun 1960. Packet switching adalah pengiriman pesan yang dapat dipecah dalam paket-paket kecil yang masing-masing paketnya dapat melalui berbagai alternatif jalur jika salahsatu jalur rusak untuk mencapai tujuan yang telah ditentukan. Packet switching juga memungkinkan jaringan dapat digunakan secara bersamaan untuk melakukan banyak koneksi, berbeda dengan jalur telepon yang memerlukan jalur khusus untuk melakukan koneksi. Maka ketika ARPANET menjadi jaringan komputer nasional di Amerika Serikat pada 1969, packet switching digunakan secara menyeluruh sebagai metode komunikasinya menggantikan circuit switching yang digunakan pada sambungan telepon publik.
Perkembangan besar Internet kedua yang dicatat pada sejarah internet adalah pengembangan lapisan protokol jaringan yang terkenal karena paling banyak digunakan sekarang yaitu TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol). Protokol adalah suatu kumpulan aturan untuk berhubungan antarjaringan. Protokol ini dikembangkan oleh Robert Kahn dan Vinton Cerf pada tahun 1974. Dengan protokol yang standar dan disepakati secara luas, maka jaringan lokal yang tersebar di berbagai tempat dapat saling terhubung membentuk jaringan raksasa bahkan sekarang ini menjangkau seluruh dunia. Jaringan dengan menggunakan protokol internet inilah yang sering disebut sebagai jaringan internet.
Jaringan ARPANET menjadi semakin besar sejak saat itu dan mulai dikelola oleh pihak swasta pada tahun 1984, maka semakin banyak universitas tergabung dan mulailah perusahaan komersial masuk. Protokol TCP/IP menjadi protokol umum yang disepakati sehingga dapat saling berkomunikasi pada jaringan internet ini.
Perkembangan besar Internet ketiga adalah terbangunnya aplikasi World Wide Web pada tahun 1990 oleh Tim Berners-Lee. Aplikasi World Wide Web (WWW) ini menjadi konten yang dinanti semua pengguna internet. WWW membuat semua pengguna dapat saling berbagi bermacam-macam aplikasi dan konten, serta saling mengaitkan materi-materi yang tersebar di internet. Sejak saat itu pertumbuhan pengguna internet meroket.

Sejarah Internet dan Perkembangan Internet

Sejarah dari adanya intenet dimulai pada tahun 1969 ketika itu Departemen Pertahanan Amerika, U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency(DARPA) memutuskan untuk mengadakan riset tentang bagaimana cara menghubungkan sejumlah komputer sehingga membentuk jaringan organik.
Program riset ini dikenal dengan nama ARPANET. Pada 1970, sudah lebih dari 10 komputer yang berhasil dihubungkan satu sama lain sehingga mereka bisa saling berkomunikasi dan membentuk sebuah jaringan.
Tahun 1972, Roy Tomlinson berhasil menyempurnakan program e-mail yang ia ciptakan setahun yang lalu untuk ARPANET. Program e-mail ini begitu mudah sehingga langsung menjadi populer. Pada tahun yang sama, icon @juga diperkenalkan sebagai lambang penting yang menunjukkan “at” atau “pada”. Tahun 1973, jaringan komputer ARPANET mulai dikembangkan ke luar Amerika Serikat.
Komputer University College di London merupakan komputer pertama yang ada di luar Amerika yang menjadi anggota jaringan Arpanet. Pada tahun yang sama, dua orang ahli komputer yakni Vinton Cerf dan Bob Kahn mempresentasikan sebuah gagasan yang lebih besar, yang menjadi cikal bakal pemikiran internet. Ide ini dipresentasikan untuk pertama kalinya di Universitas Sussex.
Hari bersejarah berikutnya adalah tanggal 26 Maret 1976, ketika Ratu Inggris berhasil mengirimkan e-mail dari Royal Signals and Radar Establishment di Malvern. Setahun kemudian, sudah lebih dari 100 komputer yang bergabung di ARPANET membentuk sebuah jaringan atau network. Pada 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis dan Steve Bellovin, menciptakan newsgroups pertama yang diberi nama USENET. Tahun 1981 France Telecom menciptakan gebrakan dengan meluncurkan telpon televisi pertama, dimana orang bisa saling menelpon sambil berhubungan dengan video link.
Karena komputer yang membentuk jaringan semakin hari semakin banyak, maka dibutuhkan sebuah protokol resmi yang diakui oleh semua jaringan. Pada tahun 1982 dibentuk Transmission Control Protocol atau TCP dan Internet Protokol atau IP yang kita kenal semua. Sementara itu di Eropa muncul jaringan komputer tandingan yang dikenal dengan Eunet, yang menyediakan jasa jaringan komputer di negara-negara Belanda, Inggris, Denmark dan Swedia. Jaringan Eunet menyediakan jasa e-mail dan newsgroup USENET.
Untuk menyeragamkan alamat di jaringan komputer yang ada, maka pada tahun 1984 diperkenalkan sistem nama domain, yang kini kita kenal dengan DNS atau Domain Name System. Komputer yang tersambung dengan jaringan yang ada sudah melebihi 1000 komputer lebih. Pada 1987 jumlah komputer yang tersambung ke jaringan melonjak 10 kali lipat manjadi 10.000 lebih.
Tahun 1988, Jarko Oikarinen dari Finland menemukan dan sekaligus memperkenalkan IRC atau Internet Relay Chat. Setahun kemudian, jumlah komputer yang saling berhubungan kembali melonjak 10 kali lipat dalam setahun. Tak kurang dari 100.000 komputer kini membentuk sebuah jaringan. Tahun 1990 adalah tahun yang paling bersejarah, ketika Tim Berners Lee menemukan program editor dan browser yang bisa menjelajah antara satu komputer dengan komputer yang lainnya, yang membentuk jaringan itu. Program inilah yang disebut www, atau Worl Wide Web.
Tahun 1992, komputer yang saling tersambung membentuk jaringan sudah melampaui sejuta komputer, dan di tahun yang sama muncul istilah surfing the internet. Tahun 1994, situs internet telah tumbuh menjadi 3000 alamat halaman, dan untuk pertama kalinya virtual-shopping atau e-retail muncul di internet. Dunia langsung berubah. Di tahun yang sama Yahoo! didirikan, yang juga sekaligus kelahiran Netscape Navigator 1.0.

Pengertian Internet

Apa itu Internet? Mari coba kita jabarkan Pengertian dari Internet.

Internet merupakan jaringan global komputer dunia, besar dan sangat luas sekali dimana setiap komputer saling terhubung satu sama lainnya dari negara ke negara lainnya di seluruh dunia dan berisi berbagai macam informasi, mulai dari text, gambar, audio, video, dan lainnya.
Internet itu sendiri berasal dari kata Interconnection Networking, yang berarti hubungan dari banyak jaringan komputer dengan berbagai tipe dan jenis, dengan menggunakan tipe komunikasi seperti telepon, salelit, dan lainnya.
Dalam mengatur integrasi dan komunikasi jaringan komputer ini menggunakan protokol yaitu TCP/IP. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) bertugas untuk memastikan bahwa semua hubungan bekerja dengan benar, sedangkan IP (Internet Protocol) yang mentransmisikan data dari satu komputer ke komputer lain. TPC/IP secara umum berfungsi memilih rute terbaik transmisi data, memilih rute alternatif jika suatu rute tidak dapat di gunakan, mengatur dan mengirimkan paket-paket pengiriman data.
Untuk dapat ikut serta menggunakan fasilitas Internet, Anda harus berlangganan ke salah satu ISP (Internet Service Provider) yang ada dan melayani daerah Anda. ISP ini biasanya disebut penyelenggara jasa internet. Anda bisa menggunakan fasilitas dari Telkom seperti Telkomnet Instan, speedy dan juga layanan ISP lain seperti first media, netzip dan sebagainya.
Internet memberikan banyak sekali manfaat, ada yang bisa memberikan manfaat baik dan buruk. Baik bila digunakan untuk pembelajaran informasi dan buruk bila digunakan untuk hal yang berbau pornografi, informasi kekerasan, dan lain-lainnya yang negatif.
Internet ini memungkinkan pengguna komputer di seluruh dunia untuk saling berkomunikasi dan berbagi informasi dengan cara saling mengirimkan  email, menghubungkan komputer satu ke ke komputer yang lain, mengirim dan menerima file dalam bentuk text, audio, video, membahas topik tertentu pada newsgroup, website social networking dan lain-lain.



Manfaat Internet.......
 
Dalam penerapannya yang lebih luas kita dapat melihat kepada hubungan jaringan global. Disini maka semua aspek dari kegiatan yang diuraikan terdahulu dapat terlihat secara makro dan global.
Jejaring global seperti Internet misalnya dapat memberikan manfaat berikut :
  1. Akses berbagai data dari penyedia informasi yang tersebar diberbagai lokasi. Disini informasi termasuk kategori data karena perlu diolah lagi bagi kepentingan organisasi. Penyedia informasi cukup banyak dan bervariasi menurut orientasi kepentingan. Mulai toko elektronis, sumber pengetahuan dan teknologi, berita aktual, masalah budaya, dll.nya sampai pada hiburan dan pornografi. Sebagai data, nilai gunanya sangat tergantung kepada pemakai masing-masing. Kecuali internet ada Compuserve, Prodigy, America On-Line, dll.nya, semuanya juga dapat diakses melalui internet. Individual secara bebas dapat pula berlangganan kejaringan global dan mengakses setiap saat data dari jaringan ini. 
  1. Sarana internet dipakai sebagai media untuk meme-nuhi kepentingan organisasi. Dalam hal ini dapat dibagi lagi kedalam : 
    1. Pemanfaatan internet sebagai media komuni-kasi untuk hubungan in-tra organisasi yang ter-pencar-pencar lokasinya secara geografis. Dapat juga antar organisasi yang berbeda untuk re-lasi bisnis atau lainnya. Disini nilai informasi menonjol dan semua 
      kiat perkembangan era-1 sampai dengan era-5 berlaku. Server induknya yang disebut World Wide Web adalah tempat pool data yang menerima dan melayani proses hubungan ini. 
    1. Pemanfaatan internet sebagai penyampai informasi. Organisasi bertindak sebagai penyedia in-formasi. Profil organisasi atau kepentingan lain dapat disebarkan kepihak luar dengan peman-faatan jejaring internet. Homepage ada-lah istilah yang dipakai untuk kepentingan ini. Gambar 7 menggelarkan hubungan antar perusahaan, sedangkan gambar8 memperlihatkan hubungan jejaring internasional yang 
      demikian banyak dan majemuk menghubungkan berbagai kantor dan kota didunia untuk memenuhi kepentingan berbagai pihak. Dunia sudah terjalakan dalam hubungan jejaring yang majemuk. 

          Frasca International to Supply Eurocopter EC135 Helicopter Flight Training Device to the Finnish Aviation Academy        
(Urbana, IL, 24 April 2006) - The Finnish Aviation Academy, Pori, Finland has contracted to purchase a Eurocopter EC135 helicopter Flight Training Device (FTD) from Frasca International. The FTD will be dual qualified as JAA FTD 3 and JAA FNPT 3 MCC. These are the highest levels of JAA qualification available for each class of device and will allow considerable flight time credit. The device will feature Frasca’s latest technology including a TruVision visual system with an extensive, high...
          Valtteri Bottas consigue la victoria en el Gran Premio de Austria; Sergio Pérez fue 7mo        

Una gran sorpresa se vivió en el Gran Premio de Austria de la Fórmula 1, el gran triunfador fue el finlandés de Mercedes Benz Valtteri Bottas,

The post Valtteri Bottas consigue la victoria en el Gran Premio de Austria; Sergio Pérez fue 7mo appeared first on StarMedia.


          BroadwayWorld Seeks Contributors Near Cape Playhouse & Berkshire Theater        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 5M+ monthly visitors!

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Not located near Berkshire or Cape Playhouse? Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions we're currently recruiting in below!

United States:

Anchorage, Arkansas, Casper, Dayton, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Madison, Milwaukee, Montana, New Hampshire, Sioux Falls, Wichita, Memphis, Tulsa, Vermont, Provincetown, South Dennis (RI), and Stockbridge(MA).

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          Rendel        
Trailer for Rendel, starring Kristofer Gummerus and Matti Onnismaa. City of Mikkeli, a cold dystopia city in the future Finland. A place where the streets are cold and the shadows are long. VALA, the most merciless criminal organization of Europe has been bribing the bureaucrats already for years in order to get the untested Nh25 […]
          World Cup Of Hockey Team Finland Solid Cuffed Knit        
World Cup Of Hockey Team Finland Solid Cuffed Knit

World Cup Of Hockey Team Finland Solid Cuffed Knit


          Baltık Ülkeleri Part 4 : Finlandiya        
Baltık gezimin son durağı Finlandiya oldu.. Aslında burası bir Baltık Ülkesi değil.. Fakat daha yakın olsalar da İskandinav ülkesi olarak da görülmüyot..



Bu postta fazla fotoğraf gösteremeyeceğim için üzgünüm.. Zira hem bir gece öncesinden zaten fena şifayı kapmış, midemi üşütmüşken, bir de üzerine zorlu deniz yolculuğu eklenince yeşil suratla pek gülümseyemedim objektiflere :p Hem de ülkeyi beğendiğim söylenemez açıkçası :/

Önce yine genel bilgi :

1917'de bağımsızlığını ilan eden ülkenin nüfusu yaklaşık 5,2 milyon.. Finlandiya'da Fince ve İsveççe konuşulmakta.. Para birimi euro ve oldukça da pahalı bir ülke.. Sağlık sistemleri berbat! Sakın ama sakın hasta olmaya kalkmayın, ne doktora görünebilirsiniz ne de doktorsuz ilaç alabilirsiniz :(

Genel anlamda deniz seviyesine yakın bir ülke, en yüksek noktası 1328 m.. Ülkede 200.000 civarı göl ve 98.000'in üzerinde ada bulunmakta!!



Adalar arasında ulaşım kişiye özel tekneler veya feribotlarla sağlanıyor..

Gelelim benim Estonya'dan Finlandiya'ya geçiş macerama :)

Estonya'da şifayı kapınca bütün gece sabaha kadar çıkarmak suretiyle uykusuz kaldım.. Vücudum susuz ve halsiz kaldı, tansiyonum yerlerde.. Neyse diyorum, feribotta uyurum nasılsa sallana sallana.. Kendime gelirim karşıya, Finlandiya'ya geçene kadar.. Bindik.. 2 saat sürecek olan yolculugun ilk yarım saati normaldi.. Fakat sonra öyle bir fırtına çıktı ki dalgalar en üste kadar ulaştı resmen :S



Tüm yolcular panik içinde tabii, her dilden "Titanic olcaaazz" nidaları duyuluyo falan :) Tabi benim tüm dinlenerek kendime gelme hayallerim suya düştü.. Zaten min seviyeye zorla düşürdüğümüz mide bulantım tekrar max'a ulaştı ve ben sarsıntıdan yalpalaya yalpalaya lavaboya zor yetiştim :( Bir kuyruk bir kuyruk aman tanrımmm! Artık hatunlar boş kabin bulmayı bıraktı 3er 5er giriyorlar falan.. Ne kadar kaldım hatırlamıyorum ama bir süre sonra sarsıntılara alışınca sanırım daha iyi hissettim ve tekrar oturduğum yere döndüm.. Döndüm ama bu kez oturmaya halim kalmamıştı, direk yattım.. Cama vuran dalgaları izlerken de uyuyakalmışım :)



Abi güruhu bu fotoğrafımla sürekli dalga geçtiler : yeşil dev Hulk'ın yavrusu yeşil surat cicibebe falan diyerek :) Yeşil olmasa da sapsarıydı resmen.. Hatta beyaz.. Evet evet..

Neyse efenim, bu kısa yolculukta çektiğim çile nedeniyle Cruise gezi hevesim de bir anda uçuverdi ve şimdi beni hiçbi güç açık denizlere gönderemez buna eminim :p

İndiğimiz zaman ilk işim, klasik, yeri öpmek oldu tabiiki :)) Abartı diye düşünürdüm hep bu hareketi ama değilmiş azizim! Yusuf yusuf diye bişi varmış hakikaten!



O mideyle, o halde, o tansiyonla, Helsinki'ye varır varmaz, otele yerleşmeden başladık çevreyi gezmeye! Neymiş efendim, gençler bu katedralde evlenebilmek için yıllarca sıra bekliyormuş! Neymiş efendim içerde bi düğün varmış, ben de şirin şirin bakarak yaklaşınca canayakın bulmuş -ki Finliler genel anlamda soğuk ve içe kapanık insanlardır- ve bana da gelin şekerinden vermişler! Yerim katedralinizi diyerek oturdum merdivene şekerimi yemeye başladım :)) Ve tabiiki objektiflere poz vermeyi de ihmal etmedim :p

Bu bitti, haydiiii ordan büyük katedrale..



Neymiş efendim, birinin bi tanıdığı bu katedralde evlenebilmek için tam 3 sene beklemiş! Hayır o süre zarfında ayrılırsa çiftler ne olacak onu sormadım bakın! Yeni ilişkisi için hazırda alınmış bir düğün günü oluyor baksanıza, gelin adayı için biçilmiş kaftan bir eş! :p Neymiş efendim kapalıymış!! Akşamüstü gelecekmişiz!..

Bu meydanda bir şişe su bulabilmek için dört döndüğüm büfemsi şeylerden sonra, hadi bi de şuna sorayım diyerek gittiğim mobil dondurmacının Türk çıkmasına ne dersiniz? Tişörtümde yazan İstanbul yazısını görünce direk Türkçe konuştu ve biraz muhabbetten sonra 2€ olan suları 1€ dan verdi :D

Otele yerleştikten sonra ki ben tahmin ettiğiniz üzre yerleşmeden direk yatağa attım kendimi ve arkadaşlara siz nereye giderseniz gidin ben yatıyorum diyerek inzivaya çekildim.. Ama işte şeytan.. Dürtüyo.. Gelmişsin buralara kadar, kalk, miden bulandığı yerde çıkar, sonra gezmeye devam et.. Dedim ve kalktım, doktor amcam, doktor teyzem, kızları gözde ve vekil amcam&eşi ile birlikte tarihi Suomenlinna Adası'na gittim..



Fotoğrafta yüzüm gizlenmiş olsa da pasaklılık ve bitkinlik aktığı görülebiliyor bence :p

Suomenlinna Fince adı, Sveaborg İsveççe adı.. 8 adadan oluşan Suomenlinna Fin tarihi boyunca savunma amaçlı askeri kale olarak kullanılmış.. 1991 yılında Unesco dünya mirası listesine kaydedilen ada gerçekten görülmeye değer güzellikte.. Yemyeşil, masalsı, huzurlu.. Zaten bana su olsun, çimen olsun, yayılıp suyu izleyerek stres atayım.. Yarım saatte şeker gibi bi insan olurum valla :)



Bu 8 ada birbirine, üzerinde durmuş olduğum köprülerle bağlanıyor.. Ve girişinden itibaren kalenin, topların olduğu bölgeye kadar yürüyerek gezilebiliyor.. Ada ayrıca gülle üretimiyle de meşhurmuş bu arada..



E 4 değil 14 tarafımız su olunca etrafta tekneler, yelkenliler, yatlar görmek kaçınılmaz.. Hayat onlara güzel valla! :p



O kadar gezdim de Baltık Denizi'ne ayak basmadım dedirtir miyim hiç? Tabiiki yaptımmm ve bunu pembe ojelerimle kanıtlamaktan da geri kalmadım!

Ada dönüşü biraz caddelere bakındık ve oldukça renkli görüntülere şahit olduk!



Ne için toplandıklarını anlayamadığımız, güzelliklerini kıskandığımız için de soramayıp, uzaktan zoomla izlediğimiz çizgili Finnish hatunlar...



Kostüm partisine gittiklerini düşündüğümüz, yani öyle umduğumuz bir grup genç..



Çok ama çok çirkin bir yaratık!

Muhtemelen bir festival falan vardı etrafta bi yerde ama iz sürecek gücüm olmadığı için pek ilgilenmedim :p

Otele gelip biraz dinlendikten ve bedava (daha doğrusu 2-3€ vererek aldığınız 12 saatlik şifre ile giriliyor) internetin tadını çıkardıktan sonra kendime geldim.. Akşam acıkan karnımızı doyurmak üzere abilerin bir kısmı ile gittiğimiz dönerciyi öneriyorum! Evet evet yanlış duymadınız, dönerci :) Tren garının karşısında bi yerde.. Evet, yediklerimiz güzeldi belki, ya da onca berbat yemekten sonra bana güzel geldi bilemiyorum ama henüz düzelmiş olan midem bunu kaldıramadı ve yine kötüleşti.. Hayır dedim cicibebe! Yatmak yasak! Tuttum 2 abiyi kolundan, dooooğru adını sıkça duyduğumuz The Tiger'a..



Burası kendi çapında güzel bir eğlence mekanı idi.. Tepede kafasını sağa sola döndüren devasa demir yığını kaplan kafasına uzun süre bakınca psikopat hisleri içine girdiğim doğrudur, fakat önümdeki direkte sürekli değişen hatunlara çevirince kafamı kendime geldim! Topukları yok! Ve bacakları boyum kadar!!! Toparlanmam zaman alsa da kısa sürede adapte olup kaynaştım ve geceyi bu kez dayak yemeden (bkz : Estonya yazısı) atlattım :)

Gece bittiğinde ben de bittim ve ertesi günü uyuyarak, biraz da yine etrafı dolanarak geçirdim..

Etraf ile ilgili söyleyeceklerim bu kadar.. Ek bilgiler olarak, saunaya çok meraklı bir ülke, hatta bazı iş toplantılarının saunada gerçekleştirildiğini bile duydum! Ve her yıl saunada en uzun süre kalabilme yarışları yapılıyor :S Amaç ne sormadım ama bence soğuk bir ülke olmasından dolayı insanlar sıcakla oynamayı seviyor.. Öyle ki 2 milyon civarı sauna bulunuyormuş ülkede!

Dünyanın en büyük gemileri, o akla hayale sığmayan lüks kocaman gemilerin çoğu bu ülkede yapılıyor!

Pazar günleri çoğu market-dükkan 12:00-18:00 arası açık oluyor..

Etrafta sarhoş çok fazla.. Halbuki alkol de pahalı ve halk genelde feribotlarla Estonya'ya geçerek alkol ve tütün ürünlerini karton karton koli koli almakta.. Yine de gece gündüz demeden etraf sarhoş dolu.. Ama zararsızlar, benden para isteyen bir tanesine "valla bende de yok" diye verdiğim Türkçe cevaba burda olsa sağlam bi küfür yerdim ama anlamadığı halde küçük bi tebessümle geri çekildi zavallım :) Bu arada bi saatten sonra sokaklara küçük tuvalet yapmak serbest hale gelip, sabahları sokaklar caddeler tazyikli suyla yıkanmakta.. Garip insanlar vesselam :p

Haa bu arada, tam anlamıyla bir su ülkesine gitmişken kesinlikle balık yemeden dönmeyin! Tabii iyi bir yemek için ülkemize göre iyi de bir para ödemeniz gerekiyor ama her gün de Finlandiya'ya gitmiyoruz ki azizim :p



Imm..

Valla çok düşündüm ama anlatacak başka bi şey bulamadım :) O kadar sevmedim bu ülkeyi..


Son olarak,

Gezimi keyifli hale getirdiği için teşekkür ederim :




Siz de gitmeyi düşünürseniz, kaliteli hizmet ile iletişim için buradan buyrun lütfen :)

Sevgiler..
:*
          Baltık Ülkeleri Part 3 : Estonya        


Sıra geldi 3. durağım Estonya'ya...

Ayakkabı postunda anlatmış olduğum Riga'dan hüzünlü ayrılış sahnesinin ardından, Estonya'nın başkenti Tallinn'e doğru yola çıktık.. Ama bende nasıl bi burukluk, nasıl bi üzüntü anlatamam.. Gözlerim doluyo falan ikide bir.. Öyle böyle derken Estonya sınırına vardık..



Kısa süreli duraklamayı fırsat bilip, tabiiki bol bol fotoğraf çektik :)

Önce yine kısaca bi genel bilgi vereyim :)

Estonya, 1991'de Sovyetler Birliği'nden ayrılan ilk ülke olarak bağımsızlığını kazanmıştır.. Nüfusu yaklaşık 1,5 milyon, başkenti Tallinn Unesco dünya mirası listesindedir.. 2011'de euro kullanımına geçilen ülkede fiyatlar, özellikle de alkol ve sigara fiyatları oldukça uygun.. Nüfusun yaklaşık %90 ı inançsız, kalanı ise Hristiyan..



Estonya'da ilk durağımız, sevimli mi sevimli bir tatil kasabası olan Parnu oldu..



Minyatür evleri ve sokakları ile tam bi huzur alanı gibiydi..

Gidilen her yerde olduğu gibi bişiler atıştırıp, ufak tefek şeyler satın almadan olmaz tabii :)



Yazlık yer ya, salataları deneyelim dedik bu kez.. Amannn Tanrımmmm! Yemek seçimi konusunda yaptığımız en büyük yanlış bu oldu sanırım! Benim sezar salatamın (ortadaki) tavukları hariç yenecek başka bir yeri yoktu, o da taş çatlasın 2 parçaydı :( Soldaki karidesli salatanın yakından görüntüsü iğrençti.. Yine en iyisi sağdaki kırmızı etli olandı..



Durum böyle olunca benim yan masadakilerin patates kızartmalarına bakarak iç geçirmem kaçınılmazdı tabii.. (hayır yeni bir yiyecek sipariş etmememin sebebi maddiyat değil tabiiki, zaman.. Zira buralarda, daha önce de bahsetmiştim, siparişler ne yazık ki çoooook yavaş getiriliyor.. süre sıkıntım olduğu için mecbur yutkunarak yan masalara bakındım :p )

Kısa süreli molamızın ardından, Başkent Tallin'e doğru yola çıktık ve toplamda (Parnu'dan önce ve sonra) yaklaşık 6 saatte Tallin'e varabildik.. Buralarda da araçların hiçbiri hız sınırını aşmıyor, bu yüzden benim 3 saatte geleceğim yolu 6 saatte almış oluyoruz düz yolda en fazla 90'la gidince :p

Bugün benim için aksilikler günüydü sanki.. Otele yerleşmek için valizimi çekelerken ayağıma düşmesin mi?! ( Quick not : Ayağım tatil öncesi sargıdan yeni çıkmıştı, üst taban kemiklerimi oynatmışım da yerinden :p ) Melankolik halimin üzerine bir de bu can acısı eklenince benim çeşmeler açıldı, durdur durdurabilirsen.. Herkes bana bakıyo, etrafta turist grupları falan var, yardım edebilir miyiz diye soruyolar ben sümüklerimi çeke çeke hayır diyorum falan :) Güç bela, abi güruhu ( en kısa zamanda bahsedeceğim 4 kişilik abi topluluğu) nun da yardım ve güldürme çabaları ile odama çıkıp yerleştim ve yarım saate yakın ağlayıp yüzü gözü şaşırdıktan sonra, giyinip süslenip lobbye indim rehberimiz Helen'le buluşmak üzere.. Helen Tallinn Üniversitesinde Türk Dili okumuş, Estonyalı bir kız.. Çok tatlı ve tabiiki o da güzel :) Hiç vakit kaybetmeden etrafı keşfetmeye koyulduk tabii..

İlk durağımız Kadriorg Sarayı'nın bahçesi oldu..



Adamlar (Deli Petro) zamanında eşlerine (Çariçe Katerina) parklar bahçeler hediye ettiklerini duyunca aramızdan "aaah ahh nerde öyleleri şimdi" sesleri yükseldi :p Baltık ülkeleri insanları, parkları bahçeleri doğayla iç içe vakit geçirmeyi çok seven insanlar oldukları için daha önce bir sürü park gördük tabi ama bunun diğerlerinden farkı, evcil hayvanla girilemiyor olmasıydı! Oysa öyle güzel bi yürüyüş yolu vardı ki, alacaksın bebeğini köpeğini, yorulana kadar yürüyüp sonra bi banka ilişeceksin.. Ohh, miss..

Burdaki kısa turun ardından, Baltık Denizi boyunca bikaç yer daha görüp, benim için asıl hedefe, eski şehir merkezine ulaştık!



Burası eski belediye meydanı.. Bu meydandaki binalar, eskiden zengin tüccarların ve esnafların evleri olarak kullanılıyormuş, günümüzde ise cafe restorant olarak kullanılıyor.. Bu meydanda ayrıca bir de, Avrupa'nın en eski eczanesi bulunuyor ve hala çalışıyor..

Eski şehir, diğer ülkelerde olduğu gibi burada da yürünerek kısa sürede gezilebiliyor.. En yüksek noktası 318 metre olan tepelerden inip çıkmak da dolayısıyla oldukça kolay :) Bu yüzden şahsen ben aklıma estikçe otele girip çıkıp tekrar gezdim :)

En sevdiğim yer şüphesiz Toompea Hill'di..



En sevdiğim aktivite ise tepeden şu manzarayı izleyip, milyonlarca fotoğraf çekmek oldu!.. Sol taraf orman, Sağda ise alabildiğine görkemli eski şehir binaları.. Ve tabii arkada Baltık Denizi..



Sokaklar yine arnavut kaldırımları.. Ve yine akşam vakitlerinde hanımkızlarımız iğne topuklarıyla ceylan gibi sekerek, hiç sendelemeden yürüyorlar bu yolları >:( Ben gece çıktığımızda şahsen sadece bir sokak dayanabildim bu işkenceye ve hemen çantama sıkıştırdığım jellylerimi geçirdim tekrardan ayağıma :)



İşkenceli, ama eğlenceli de.. Her sokakta mutlaka bir ressam, karikatürist veya bu tarz gösteriler görmek mümkün.. Turistler deseniz gırla zaten..



Tallinn'de diğer başkentlere oranla, yapılar daha masalsı.. Bu bir Rus Ortodoks kilisesi.. Tadilatta olmasına rağmen nasıl da güzel görünüyor değil mi?

Gittiğim ilk gün beni sevindiren bir şey öğrendim : meğer Tallinn merkezde, Güllüoğlu varmış! Evet evet bildiğiniz, bizim Güllüoğlu, baklavacı.. Bütün gün gurbet elde baklavanın hayali ile gezdik diyebilirim..



Ama gittiğimizde tatlı namına hiçbişi kalmamıştı, biz de yemeklere yumulduk.. Miss gibi domates çorbasıııı :) O akşam geç vakite kadar sanki bi kafeymiş gibi oturup bol bol sohbet ettik.. Sahiplerinin Türk olmasından dolayı kendimizi evimizde hissederek..

Hazır yemek sohbeti açılmışken, Litvanya yazımda bahsettiğim Ortaçağ Restorantlarından birini anlatmak istiyorum : Olde Hansa..



Burası tam anlamıyla dokuyu korumuş, dekoru, çalışanları ve yemekleriyle tam bir ortaçağ havası yaşatıyor insana..



Hatta bu, gerçeğe sadık kalma işini biraz abartmışlar ki, istediğim 3 etli salatanın (ortadaki) etinin bir çeşidi direk çiğ idi.. Ortaçağda yaşamış bi yamyamım ya ben de!



Soldaki ise ballı bira.. Değişik tatlı.. Sevmedim sanırım :/ Tarçınlısı daha beterdi ama :) Gerçi Estonlar da diğer Baltık vatandaşları gibi yemeklerinin yanında sıklıkla kefir içmeyi tercih ediyorlar.. Eğer mideniz kaldırırsa ayı eti yiyebilirsiniz.. En iyi burda yapıldığını duydum sağlam kaynaklardan :p

Yapmanızı tavsiye ettiğim bir şey daha var :

Tıpkı Letonya'daki gibi, gidin, Radisson Blu Tallinn'e...



ve Special Radisson Blue Tallinn Margarita için.. Pişman olmayacaksınız :)

Gece de ıpdıs dıpdıs isterseniz Hollywood adlı, saçma sapan gece klübüne gidin.. Aslında biz başka bi yere gidecektik ama Almanlar istila etmişti, giremedik :)



Şu soldaki salak kız beni ittirip aşağı atsa da, yine de eğlendik :)

Başkaaaa... Immm.. Marketlerde alkol satışı saat 10'da duruyor.. Sanırım bunun sebebi sarhoş oranının gündüz saatlerinden başlayarak çok fazla olması :)

Kış bitiminden itibaren çok fazla, iri iri sivrisinekler hasıl oluyor, bi sinek kovar falan almanızda fayda var..

Mango'larında çok dandik ürünler var :p

Estonya'dan bildireceklerim bu kadar..

Son olarak,

Gezimi keyifli hale getirdiği için teşekkür ederim :




Siz de gitmeyi düşünürseniz, kaliteli hizmet ile iletişim için buradan buyrun lütfen :)

Finlandiya'da görüşmek üzere..

Sevgiler :)

:*
           Characterization of ikaite (CaCO3*6H2O) crystals in first-year Arctic sea ice north of Svalbard: Crystal size and melted-ice total alkalinity         
Conference -Poster Nomura, D. , Granskog, M. , Assmy, P. , Nehrke, G. , Hu, Y. , Fischer, M. and Dieckmann, G. (2012) Characterization of ikaite (CaCO3*6H2O) crystals in first-year Arctic sea ice north of Svalbard: Crystal size and melted-ice total alkalinity , International Glaciology Society - International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice, Lahti, Finland, 28 May 2012 - 1 June 2012 . hdl:10013/epic.39388
          Cardiff Airport        
First post of the new year ... and this year I'll try to post more, but for a start, this from Wales On Line (sometimes Wales' answer to the Daily Mail - at least in terms of sensationalism)...

15 safest holiday destinations for 2017 and flight prices from Cardiff

All well and good, apart from the obvious sensationalism placing Belgium, Spain in almost the same category as Iraq and Syria...and on a personal note missing the World's safest country - Finland - from the mix.

What actually struck me about this article was the HUGE price disparity between flying from Cardiff than some other regional airports. This can be attributed to a number of things, mainly classic bad management over the years (this seems to have changed a little since the Welsh Government took over), but Cardiff has suffered from a management that has been quite content not to develop the airport.

This can be seen in the prices charged and the number of airlines coming to Cardiff, for example, flights to Iceland from the above article: Flights from Cardiff start from around £223, but can be picked up for less than £70 from London or Manchester. The price differential here covers travel from South Wales to London by practically anything other than a private limousine.

How about Poland? Great country and just a mere £142 from Cardiff, but only £20 from Newcastle or Birmingham. Malta? With a change of flight at £183 from Cardiff, or, less than £30 from those international heavyweights of airprots: Bournemouth, Glasgow and Nottingham...

Shopping around of course you might get better deals and Wales On Line probably isn't the best place to get your flight information in this respect. However the situation remains that Cardiff is expensive, especially with scheduled flights more or less limited to FlyBe and KLM and no cheap operators available: Norwegian HINT!!!

For Cardiff Airport to succeed a few things need to happen. Firstly the management of the airport need to get airlines and thus people to the airport - lower fees and even make a loss in certain areas but a profit overall. Control over airport taxes by the Welsh Government is critical and then finally a little more self promotion around the World, or at least Europe - maybe even China - I'm sure that even Wales could market itself from both a tourist and business perspective to the Chinese...

The situation gets even more surreal when you consider that the Cardiff region is supposed to be one of the fastest growing in the UK, yet Wales relies upon Heathrow and Bristol instead of a perfectly functional airport right next to its own capital city. Northern Ireland manages to support two airports - one of which  actually handles a reasonable amount of intercontinental flights, Scotland has five airports (Aberdeen, Inverness, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Prestwick) with Newcastle not too far from the border. Even some of the regional English airports such as Bournemouth and Exeter look better than Cardiff.

What Cardiff Airport needs is a management who have a vision and the confidence to attempt to make things better, get more business, get more tourists etc. In some ways Cardiff Airport still suffers from the problem that the Welsh Tourist Authority (or whatever they were called) had in that for them to do anything they had to ask the English Tourist Authority permission ... it still feels the same way.

In post-Brexit UK, the devolved countries of the UK, especially Wales, can not afford to sit back and hope for business. Cardiff Airport has a lot going for it with a major maintenance base for BA and another in St.Athan next door, GE Engines in Caerffili, a rail link (just about) and a runway that can handle 747s and A380s*, it just lacks any form of confidence.

*Not that you're going to see either regularly in passenger duty - unfortunately.



          Privacy Engineering for Today - DIMECC Presentation        
Here is my presentation from the DIMECC 9th Annual Seminary on Business innovation in Finland.
          Aliens, Direct Advertising and ClickBait        
The Internet - a way of accessing nearly all of humankind's knowledge...anyway, while reading an article about people with Rh negative blood types are descendent from aliens (spoiler, they're not) and how HAARP is causing climate change (spoiler, it's not) and other "interesting" articles (who writes this stuff?) about Freemasons from Atlantis build the Pyramids (spoiler, they didn't...well technically they did in the sense that masons build the pyramids - stonework, masons ... but they probably didn't come in spacecraft from Atlantis) etc, I do enjoy taking time to look at the direct advertising.

Geolocation of IP address is simple, which means you get clickbait such as these:



First of all two millionaires in Sipoo Finland, I think we might have heard about these especially given their willingness to appear in direct advertising, I'm sure they'd have appeared in the local press too. As for the guy with the lime green car - good luck driving that on our roads - and Diety knows where she's going to part that helicopter.

I particularly like the medical breakthrough...good thing I like eggs, though it might be a bit irresponsible showing a runny egg - those things are more dangerous than Ebola on a dark night - isn't that right Mrs. Currie!

So here we are, late 2016, vast amounts of knowledge at our fingertips and this is what we get...I mean, it isn't as if anyone could actually go and check the claims in the above advertisements is it?



          S-Group and Customer Data Collection        
Have't written here for a while, but as luck would have it here's a privacy story from Finland.

The supermarket chain S-Group are updating their customer loyalty scheme to make it more relevant for their customers, ie: direct advertising. The basic idea is that they'll make fine grained data collection from the various shops and services in the S-Group. Such data include the specific purchases as well as, of course, time stamps, locations, identity etc.

While various consumer organisations are incensed by this obvious infringement of people's privacy, the danger is really elsewhere.

For a start we have the classic massive data collection from which we can make all kinds of inferences - ostensibly the what, where, when and intriguingly why of consumer purchases. Down this road we see the also classic direct advertising mistakes - you bought milk last week so you'll buy milk this week ... seriously if a supermarket can't work this out without "BigData" then they have problems.

There's also the issue that inferences can have other unforseen effects:

How Target Figured Out A Teen Girl Was Pregnant Before Her Father Did
Kashmir Hill, Forbes
Feb 16, 2012
"Every time you go shopping, you share intimate details about your consumption patterns with retailers. And many of those retailers are studying those details to figure out what you like, what you need, and which coupons are most likely to make you happy. Target, for example, has figured out how to data-mine its way into your womb, to figure out whether you have a baby on the way long before you need to start buying diapers."

That's really going to go down well with the Finnish regulators...

The part that really worry me is where S-Market states that it will keep the data for future usages. As I wrote in Privacy Engineering, any time you see a future use of data this should start alarm bells ringing. It means that you have no clear use case, no clear set of users of that data and are in effect over-collecting data on a whim. Collecting and keeping data for future use is a very high risk activity.

Nothing is mentioned in their literature about security, location of data etc - though I guess the standard "industry standard" answer (Tesco anyone?) will be used. Hint: I worked on those industry standards...they set out some of the base, good practices only.

I constructed a data flow model of as much as I understand about the system at the moment. It isn't much but over each of those flows is going your personal data. The dashed lines represent return data flows, the dashed circles represent "unknown" participants. Question: does this data get sold to 3rd parties?

Inferred DFD

In defence of S-Group they have announced this to all customers of their bonus scheme - though the language is a little flowery in places (did you know that their bonus scheme has won a prize?!).
Details can be found here and here, and you can obtain your data that is held in their customer registry, though I assume not the inferences made from that data. You can see this data from your S-Kanava account; also in writing though only once per year without charge.  You can opt-out whenever you want (though the opt-out is not retroactive as far as I can see) by calling +358 (0)10 76 5858 (calls cost 0.088eur/min - why not free if you were serious about privacy?)

As this scheme is not in operation yet obviously I can't comment on what data I will be able to see and control. I might for myself let it run for a month and then see what data I can get out of the system. I assume I will get the time, location and itemised list of products from every transaction I make; hopefully also the mechanism how I paid the particular cashier (at least till number) and so on.

Another final point is that all bonus money collected by customers is paid to an account in S-Pankki, but that's another story about compliance and interpreting the law.


                  
So, the UK's referendum on whether it should leave the EU or not is today.

  • If more than 50% of the electorate who cast a vote for remaining then it is fairly obvious what happens next with a small caveat (see below).
  • If more then 50% of the electorate who case a vote for leaving then the theoretical process is that the UK has 2 years to negotiate its leaving of the EU - trade agreements, human rights, workers rights, environmental rights etc. Whatever is left over after the 2 years is "free game" and the UK would be a complete outsider with regards to its bargaining position.


Now the caveats:


  1. Under UK Referendum Law, referenda are not legally binding which means that the result could be annulled, ignored or reversed.
  2.  A majority of MPs in the UK Parliament could band together and cause the result to be annulled, reversed or ignored. This is actually likely as there would have to be a vote on the clauses in UK Law relating to EU membership. What happens if a majority of MPs vote to ignore/annul/reverse the referendum result?
  3. Given the level of division in the UK's Conservative Party, if the result is to remain then what happens to those MPs in the Conservative Party who campaigned against the PM?
  4. If the UK votes to leave, then the PM will more then likely be challenged by the remain faction of the Conservative Party: a) the PM will likely resign in this case, b) would a general election be called
  5. If a general election is called: a) what happens if the country votes in a government that is pro-EU but the referendum delivers a leave result? b) vice versa of (a) or c) what happens if the UK gets a hung parliament with a mix of pro and anti-EU factions?


Given the caveats, this probably isn't the best environment for any UK-EU negotiations and would actually take up time from repealing the various UK Laws on EU membership and the 2 years negotiation time.

Then just a final remark on the arguments of sovereignty and democracy.
Apparently Britain has a 1000 years of history...apart from the 3000 years or so of Celtic/Briton history before that.

If we stay in the EU we lose our "Britishness" - whatever that is? Personally I notice the Finns are just as Finnish, the French, Germans, etc similarly. Anyway the UK is made of four different countries each with their own identities anyway.

Sovereignty of Parliament lies with Parliament anyway. At any point in time the UK Parliament could repeat the laws relating the EU membership; though no-one really knows what this means anyway.

The EU Parliament is an elected body by the universal suffrage - you do know who your MEP is don't you?

EU Laws/Directives/Recommendations must be ratified not only by the democratically elected EU Parliament, but also by each country's parliament after going through a process in which each country separately decides how to implement each law/directive/recommendation.

This latter point is important: EACH COUNTRY INDEPENDENTLY DECIDES HOW TO IMPLEMENT EU LAWS/DIRECTIVES/RECOMMENDATIONS. This means that a country (Finland - looking at you here) can implement huge restrictions on things and then "blame" EU Law - whereas often it was just a directive stating some basic ideals.

Finally immigration: which immigrants are we talking about?

  1. EU migrants - the EU upholds a basic right that any EU citizen can work and live in any EU country according to a basic set of minimal rights. Some countries impose additional restrictions but the basic right of free movement is EU Law.
  2. Non-EU migrants - decided broadly by national parliaments and the EU.
  3. Refugees - there are strict criteria set by the EU, UN and national parliaments on who can be a refugee. The EU has set out a basic set of rights and a mechanism by which countries in the EU "share" refugees. 
Whatever happens today the result will be either a very bad mess for the Conservatives or an extremely bad mess for the whole UK. But therein lies the problem, that the vote is no longer about the EU but about the future of the UK Conservative and Unionist Party and the power brokerage of various players within this.

It is just extremely sad that there has been no intelligent discourse on the subject - primarily due to the lack of knowledge and education of not just how the EU works but how the UK's whole system of government works. I fear this is quite deliberate.

The whole debate has been riddled with fear and hate which unfortunately has also led to the death of an MP. For all the debate about sovereignty and democracy, is this what it the whole EU debate is about?

Finally I don't care whether you are pro or anti-EU, I would like some idea of what will happen in the case of either a remain or leave result. So far, there has been even less discussion of what happens next than there has been of what the EU and UK mean to each other.

          By: Teresita        
I love to check your blog every once a while to see what beautiful things you have discovered. Sometimes when I see something interesting I check the links from your post and realize I'm not able to get those items overseas.. When I read this post, my first impression was "nice name, so finnish, I wonder if they do know what it means.." Then I realized this is actually in Finland! I can visit this place easily! Why haven't I heard of it before?! So, thanks for the link!
          Sang Pencipta Bumi Yang Agung Menegur Kita Semua...        



LONDON: Akibat letusan sebuah gunung berapi di Iceland, lalu lintas udara di seluruh Eropah Utara teerjejas, menyebabkan Britain terpaksa menghentikan operasi di Lapangan Terbang Heathrow dan membatalkan beratus-ratus penerbangan, manakala Norway bertindak menutup ruang udaranya.

Pihak Berkuasa Penerbangan Awam Britain berkata penerbangan bukan kecemasan terpaksa ditangguhkan sekurang-kurangnya hingga jam 6 petang waktu tempatan, manakala Ireland turut menutup ruang udaranya selama lapan jam.

Lapangan Terbang Heathrow, lapangan terbang paling sibuk di Eropah, mengendalikan hingga 1,200 hingga 180,000 penumpang sehari.

Penutupan Heathrow sekali gus menjejaskan lapangan terbang kedua dan ketiga terbesar, Gatwick dan Stansted. Tidak dapat dipastikan bila penerbangan dapat dipulihkan semula.

Berikutan penutupan itu, berpuluh-puluh penerbangan trans-Atlantik menuju Amerika Syarikat terpaksa ditangguhkan, manakala pembatalan penerbangan turut berlaku di bandaraya utama Eropah termasuk Brussels, Amsterdam, Geneva dan Paris.

Di utara Sweden, pihak berkuasa penerbangan awam berkata, semua penerbangan ditangguhkan dan ini menjejaskan jadual di bandar lain termasuk Skelleftea, Lulea, Kiruna dan Hemavan.

Semua penerbangan di utara Finland turut dibatalkan.
Di Norway, Raja Harald V dan Permaisuri Sonja yang bercadang terbang ke Copenhagen untuk menyambut hari lahir ratu Denmark yang ke-70, sedang menimbang sama ada menaiki kereta, bot atau kereta api untuk ke negara itu.

Perdana Menteri Norway, Jens Stoltenberg yang dijadual kembali ke negaranya semalam, kini terkandas di New York apabila penerbangan dibatalkan.

Di Iceland, beratus-ratus penduduk terpaksa melarikan diri daripada banjir berikutan paras air meningkat selepas gunung berapi di bawah glasier Eyjafjallajokull meletus untuk kali kedua dalam tempoh sebulan semalam.

Air yang mengalir dari kawasan pergunungan, menyebabkan paras sungai meningkat sehingga tiga meter menjelang malam semalam.

“Awan debu semakin berkurangan kerana tiada air sebagai bahan campuran. Anda boleh merasa lebih banyak gegaran di sekitar gunung berapi itu kerana laharnya sedang mengalir keluar,” katanya.
Einarsson berkata, pihaknya memperoleh laporan daripada seorang juruterbang kira-kira sejam lalu bahawa awan debu berada pada ketinggian 4,877 meter.

“Kami membuat andaian kebanyakan awan debu berada pada kedudukan yang rendah di langit. Sebelum ini ia berada pada ketinggian 6,000 meter.

Rakaman sebuah kamera litar menunjukkan aliran asap secara berterusan tetapi perlahan dari kawah gunung berapi itu dan membentuk gumpalan awan yang sangat besar.

“Perkembangan ini menunjukkan keadaan gunung berapi itu kini semakin berubah dan kami sedang memantaunya,” katanya.

Sementara itu, pengawal trafik udara Britain berkata, gumpalan awan debu yang baru kini menghala ke beberapa laluan udara yang utama dan beberapa negara menutup lapangan terbang atau mengehadkan penggunaan ruang udara.

“Letusan gunung berapi di Iceland semakin kuat dan gumpalan awan debu yang baru sedang merebak ke selatan dan timur menuju ke Britain,” kata Perkhidmatan Trafik Udara Britain dalam satu kenyataan. – Reuters

Letusan gunun berapi yang berlaku di Iceland ini membawa kesan-kesan buruk antaranya yang utama ialah :

1. Hampir kebanyakan penerbangan ditangguhkan sehingga hari ini akibat daripada
gumpalan asap berdebu yang tebal,
2. Berlaku pencairan ais dan dikhuatiri banjir akan berlaku,
3. Sumber makanan dan keperluan harian terganggu,
4. Kesihatan terjejas.
          How Can We Hold Bankers Accountable?         

Bankers should eat their own stew at bonus time. The European Union’s Liikanen review says managers should receive part of their compensation in the form of their own banks’ “bail-in” bonds. Since such debt would plummet if the bank needed a rescue, it would make bosses more alive to the risks their institutions are running.

Bail-in bonds are an important idea in their own right for helping prevent and manage banking crises. Buyers of this subordinated debt would know in advance that they would have to take a hit if the bank ran into trouble. The bondholders would have an incentive to police the issuers to make sure they didn’t take excessive risks. If they still did, the banks would have bigger buffers to absorb the shock - reducing the chance that taxpayers might have to ride to their rescue.

Requiring bank bosses to take some of their pay in this type of instrument would further sharpen the incentive. Managers wouldn’t just be less tempted to repeat the high-risk strategies of the credit bubble, such as mega-acquisitions or leveraging themselves to the eyeballs; they would also be more inclined to police intensively the behaviour of their underlings, who have sometimes caused havoc with rogue trading schemes.

Bail-in debt has different incentive properties from shares. Equity can soar in value, as well as plummet. Managers stuffed with shares can therefore try to shoot the lights out, without worrying too much about the downside.

Some argue that paying bankers with bail-in bonds could make them too risk-averse - and so, for example, refuse to lend in a downturn. But nobody is suggesting that financiers should be paid solely in such debt. A balanced diet would include equity as well as bail-in debt.

Erkki Liikanen, the Bank of Finland governor, isn’t the first person to suggest such a scheme. Lloyds and RBS both paid their bankers in subordinated debt in 2009. Some other central bankers and pundits have also advocated something similar. But Liikanen’s review has now put the idea firmly on the table for the European Union. Governments should run with it.

Read more at Reuters Breakingviews.


          Digital Humanities and Theology in Finland        

In February I had the pleasure of visiting the University of Turku, Finland with my colleague, director of CODEC, Pete Phillips. We were participating in a consultation of sorts that brought together computer scientists, theologians, and professionals to discuss how each of us were approaching relevant questions and technologies from our disciplinary perspectives. For my […]

The post Digital Humanities and Theology in Finland appeared first on Joshua L Mann.


          A day off for Sabres prospects as World Junior Summer Showcase continues        
‘Casey Mittelstadt, the Sabres first-round choice this past June, was a healthy scratch for the U.S. Cliff Pu, a third-round pick in 2016, sat out for Canada while Marcus Davidsson, picked in the second round in June, was scratched for Sweden. Meanwhile goaltender Ukko-Pekka Luukkonen played the backup role for Finland.’ ★


          Long Talking Bad Conditions Illinois Blues: A Report on &Now, A Festival of Innovative Writing and Art        
by
Ted Pelton
2006-11-03

I been to Chicago and I been to Detroit
But I never had a good time till I got up in Illinois

- Skip James, “Illinois Blues”

Chicago Self-Portrait

You are watching me, runny nose and throbbing headache, wheel an 80-lb. suitcase (for which United Airlines charged me a $25 overweight fee on the flight from Buffalo - still cheaper and more trustworthy than shipping) down Halsted Avenue in Chicago on a brisk sunny April Tuesday morning. The suitcase is freighted with books, and the books freighted with just about every spare moment I’ve had from my college teaching job for the last five years. Others write them, but I (with a small number of trusted associatesAs of August, 2006, these associates include Geoffrey Gatza, Florine Melnyk, Ed Taylor, and Kevin Thurston.) do just about everything else - editorial, layout, design, proofreading, working with printers, advertising, marketing, and, here, selling. This is not the picture I had in my mind of what an English professor does when I began a PhD program twenty years ago. (Jesus, twenty years ago?) It’s not that I didn’t think of English professors involving themselves in the making of new literature, even the production of new literature. I attended programs and studied with professors for whom small press writing was the only new American writing worth troubling with - and now here I am. I just always imagined I’d have grad students to do the actual shlepping around.

I am Dr. Ted Pelton, founder and Executive Director of Starcherone Books, a 501(c)(3) organization that utilizes publishing to fulfill its educational objectives of increasing awareness and appreciation of the avant-garde and innovative fiction that mainstream presses no longer have much interest in publishing, if they ever did. Later in the day I will speaking to a room full of graduate and undergraduate students at the University of Illinois-Chicago before heading on the next day to the &Now Conference at Lake Forest College, a half-hour North of the city. When I tell the assembly today about small press publishing, the images in my listeners’ minds will have to do with piles of manuscripts, desktop publishing programs, and the like. No one will ask about luggage. It’s just as well.

This trip is the third of four with Starcherone this Spring: Tallahassee and Austin done, Boulder to come. I caught the cold ten days ago on a flight back from New York where I had read from my own new novel to an audience of 5 people, one of whom was Tod Thilleman, publisher of Spuyten Duyvil Books, another Nava Renek, an SD author, and a third was the woman waiting to close up the place when we were finished. When I later today appear on a panel with Gina Frangello, founder/publisher of Other Voices Books, she will do me two better, delivering her talk with strep throat and having recently given birth. Making literature today is hard work, but small press publishers are headstrong stock, daunted neither by hardship or illness in their self-styled fight against corporate sameness.

That last is a rather nice reportage journalism sentence, don’t you think?

Other Voices

Mike Neuwirth of Bridge Magazine and Michael Leary of Flood Editions are the other panelists with Gina and I in a sixth floor multipurpose room in one of the towers that make up the University of Illinois campus. All of us do slightly different things. Bridge went from a journal-styled paperback format a couple of years ago to its current newsprint magazine format with a circulation of 30,000. They are the most mainstream presence on our panel, seemingly with a “real people” audience rather than this crowd’s usual specializations and art ambitions - Neuwirth freely banters about the types of issues one would see in Publisher’s Weekly, while nonetheless trumpeting small press successes. The question of audience is a significant one in the small press world. Some see their roles as working to create art, with a select initial audience and the hope more will catch on, but nonetheless assuming the traditional avant-gardist’s approach that the work comes first, and good work will attract good readers. Others say that the literary establishment has grown so petrified and risk-averse that it can no longer even tell the central stories of our time. These presses seek to be popular, perhaps even to “catch on.” But as a result, such publications may select material away from the harder edge experimental work of the moment, work which is likely to turn off the typical reader looking for a breezier experience with his or her reading material. We are all caught somewhere between these two poles because it is hard to sustain any American enterprise without engagement with free enterprise, with all its attendant mercantile assumptions. You don’t choose one or the other, but you are always conscious of both, however you choose to manuever.

(It’s a problem not only limited to fiction. I am reminded of this music example: while no one would argue the Beatles weren’t good, one still laughs when Mark E. Smith of The Fall declaims of them and post-Beatles commercial groups: “All the English groups/Act like peasants with free milk/On a route/On a route to the loot/To candy mountain/Five wacky English proletariat idiots.”)

Anyway, Mike Neuwirth tells a story about Joe Meno, a Chicago author I haven’t heard of (which in itself doesn’t mean much, there being many different worlds within the so-called small press world). It’s the kind of story small pressers love to hear and tell: how Meno published two books with big Harper-Collins but it was only when he did his third book with Akashic that the books started to sell, thanks to the individual attention given to authors and their titles by small presses. But then Akashic, from where I sit, is practically a mainstream press. Yes, they’re so-called indie, but, with an alternative pedigree more descended from the successes of Pearl Jam than Oulipo, they’re the type of New York indie alt-press media darlings an establishment scene - Publisher’s Weekly, The Nation, the Association of American Publishers - understands and is more likely to embrace; in other words, they are culturally but not necessarily formally progressive, and accepting of and positioned to succeed within a certain engagement with free enterprise. Meno’s book in question is called Hairstyles of the Damned: you get the picture. No, they’re not the enemy. Yes, maybe I am just jealous.

On the other end of the spectrum is Michael O’Leary of Flood Editions, purveyors of beautifully designed, high-minded poetry by the likes of Graham Foust, Lisa Jarnot, Pam Rehm, Ronald Johnson, and other avant-garde heroes, many from my own Buffalo, dear Beat poetry-mad Buffalo, a city where you can draw three hundred people to the 80th birthday party of Robert Creeley a year after he’s been dead and two years after he moved to Rhode Island. O’Leary is quiet in the brouhaha that follows, being a poetry guy and thus seeing widespread popularity as something other people think about, fiction people, or students in creative writing programs who still imagine they will have audiences, who haven’t yet been trampled on by the invisible stampedes of neglect. “All writers feel neglected,” Ronald Sukenick (postmodern hero novelist/Fiction Collective co-founder/American Book Review publisher) once said in a workshop class I took and I have quoted it often, having grown up in an age where I feel those wounds as acutely as he did. Like earlier today, stumbling down the avenue with heavy bag and headcold. Or when I will pay the airline the excess baggage fee again on the way back, bringing home most of my books from the road.

“The brouhaha that follows” … well, not exactly a brouhaha, but Mike Neuwirth takes issue with my statement that the average fiction title in the United States sells only about 300 copies, my point being that ALL new fiction publishing, even the divisions of Murdoch and Bertlesmann with their many imprints and stacks of tomes in Borders and Barnes & Noble, is dying, and if they’re only selling 300 copies, hell, I can do that. And this statistic is what Cris Mazza (my host, novelist, short-story writer, UIC fiction prof) tells me her students (fearful perhaps their parents were right - there truly is nothing in this “art thing”) most buzz about after the fact, so when I return home I try to substantiate this figure - God I wish I had been a good scholar and written down where this stat came from, publishers being so guarded about sales figures (as opposed to “print runs,” which they love to release and ballyhoo).The small presses, without the establishment resources at their command, must generally rely on anecdotal information regarding others’ sales. Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an email I received yesterday from one of our new authors: “I had a long chat with J. [an agent] not long ago in which he told me about a certain young, fairly-well-hyped writer of literary fiction who had a book on McSweeney’s and whose next book came out this spring on a big NY house; this latter book got a good amount of attention from literary blogs when it was released. J. had lunch with the book’s editor a while back, who told him that the book has sold 80 copies…” One of the reasons, of course, that sales of individual fiction titles are so poor is that the current paradigm for corporate publishers is to keep new books available for only 3-6 months and if they don’t sell in that time, publishers remainder them and move on. Thus they provide a potential edge for small presses which generally keep books available for longer terms or even perpetually. I like to quote Emerson against this mainstream publishing trend, indicating that the way literature actually works isn’t in keeping with mainstream corporate publishing assumptions: “Never read any book that is not a year old.” But when I return home I do find this statement on the net: 93% of fiction published in the US for which ISBNs were provided (thus not counting chapbooks or micro-press books) sell fewer than 1000 copies, according to a presenter at the Nielsen BookScan-sponsored Book Summit 2005, and this 93% of titles accounts for 13% of sales. Publishing is sort of like wealth today in America: the few are consolidating their power, making a very few people/titles mega-rich and saying to the rest of us and what was formerly called Our National Literature, go fuck yourself.For the purposes of this article I tried to find out how much BookScan charges for their sales tabulation information. An email query led to a salesperson who, four emails later, would not quote me a figure unless I agreed to set up a demo of the service and start a contract. Many aspects of the publishing industry similarly structure access through financial hurdles. All US ISBN numbers, the way one is entered into the national bookselling marketplace, are controlled by a single company, R. R. Bowker. Bowker sells 10 ISBNs at $27 each, 100 ISBNs at $9.15 each, or 10,000 at 34¢ each. Being a small press is something like having to purchase your start-up office furniture exclusively at the price-gouging rates of Rent-to-Own. When I was a PhD student, I worked on Herman Melville, perhaps this country’s greatest novelist but a weirdo in his own time, to be sure, whom some contemporary reviewers feared had gone insane (especially after he wrote Pierre) and who was no great friend of the publishing industry of his own moment. But here is my point: would a situation whereby D. H. Lawrence, in 1920, nearly three decades after Melville’s death, discovered Mardi, Omoo, and Moby-Dick, be possible today? Such a scenario only exists if the books get printed to begin with. And if this printing happens, which publishers are the ones most likely to make this possible? Ones whose responsibility is first to literature or those whose responsibility is first to their corporate parents? Who is likely to publish a novel today for whom there is little or no contemporary audience, but which might one day be discovered, in the context of a survey work on classic American Literature, in the year 2045? If there is, on the shoulders of contemporary small publishers, a need to give voice to the culturally marginalized, á la Akashic, there is also a need to give venues to “new compositions in the arts,” as Gertrude Stein called them when she said that such works “were outlaws right up until the moment they were considered classics, with hardly a moment in between.”

In Chicago, my own press has the most affinity with Gina Frangello and Other Voices which began as a literary magazine and now scrapes together funds to put out one short fiction collection a year, determined by an annual contest with the first winner being Tod Goldberg’s Simplify. Of greater interest to me, though (judging books by their covers), is Frangello’s own book, My Sister’s Continent, a complex and challenging-looking (compliments in my vocabulary) novel based on Freud’s Dora case, published by Chiasmus Press. Chiasmus’s publisher Lidia Yuknavitch is prevented from joining the panel from her home in Portland, Oregon, but her statement, read aloud to the gathering by OV Editor Marina Lewis, says Chiasmus was founded to resist the corporatization of literature, and to publish new work she believes in which isn’t finding venues elsewhere. No mention of sales or profits. That, I nod, is what it is all about. Other voices.

What helps fiction sales - blogs, readings, reviews? What do you think of print-on-demand? Do writers who want to get published realize that they have a duty as well to support the small press economy? Will we be able to withstand the pressures of a society that is increasingly anti-reading? Do we have to increase numbers or is it possible to exist in hundreds of separate fiefdoms of audiences which share and communicate with each other and remain viable without appeasing the monster of expansion, the ineluctable direction of capitalism, always urging bigger, wider, more massive? But if that is not what literature is, should we admit and stake our claim on the proposition that literature and the expansive designs structured by capitalism are inversely proportional?

Questions fill the room. I haven’t even gotten to Lake Forest yet.

Fabulous Wealth

And now, through the magic of editing, I am in Lake Forest, an opulent Northern burb. The streets between downtown Lake Forest, the college a mile in one direction and the conference center a mile in another, are not lined with streetlights because the owners of the fabulous mansions in these environs don’t want people walking around in their neighborhoods at night. Walk, dear? I won’t hear of it. If you have anyplace you absolutely have to get to, just take the Mercedes. Or better yet, have Juan drive you. Strange place for a gathering of visiting art freaks, music-mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like - and so say all the visiting art freaks, music mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like to each other upon their arrivals here, preparing to take stock of our own glorious wealth.

William Gass

I have never finished a book by William Gass. He goes on too long for me - and yes, I am aware of this contradiction, in that I said above how much I liked the difficult in writing. Call it a matter of taste. Wait, no, I did finish On Being Blue, the one book of his in which he seemed to momentarily allow himself slenderness of expression. Beautiful book, that. I did also like “In the Heart of the Heart of the Country,” his long story in the same-named collection. In any case, William Gass becomes the hero of my first afternoon at &Now in an opening panel that also features the not inconsiderable talents of Shelley Jackson and Nambi Kelley (more of each anon). Gass in person is remarkable: 80 years old, hale, lucid, wispy white bowl haircut, dark-rimmed round glasses, wise sad eyes and wry playfulness causing him to resemble an emissary from another age - Buster Keaton as an emeritus professor. His remarks indicate that he himself regards his presence as a visitation from elsewhere: the avant-garde of our fathers and grandfathers. He tells us of the differences between our lands: then, there was something more of a cohesion between different artists; now, there are more types of art and media available for expression, diffusion, multiplicity.

Shelley Jackson is next. It is my first exposure to her work, though I am aware of at least one of her projects, a story in which the words were tattooed on the skin of volunteers, a living work that at the same time is impossible to receive except in fragments. Shelley is striking to look at, any place one looks. On her own inside wrist is tattooed “SKIN,” appropriately. Her hair is the color of fire - not a uniform color, that is, but composed of reds, oranges, yellows, and browns. Yet, despite her formidable visual presentation, she begins to speak somewhat waveringly, reassuringly to some degree: she’s nervous. Her work, she says, seeks to position itself against a fairly complacent contemporary writing world which she finds “dedicated to an illusory image of its own purity.” One anti-literary project was the tattoos; another is her creation of what she calls “The Interstitial Library,” a theoretical project in the spirit of Blanchot’s and Roland Barthes’s similar conceits about bodies of text around and beyond us at all moments. Jackson and her collaborator, Christine Hill, imagine a library that exists in the interstices between presently existing books in the world’s physical and virtual libraries. As Jackson is equally an artist and a writer, as well as a skilled web designer, the library grounds itself in the actuality of a website. But from there it goes out again into the imaginary, as both regards works and their possible existences: “Its vast holdings are dispersed throughout private collections, used bookstores, other libraries, thrift stores, garbage dumps, attics, garages, hollow trees, sunken ships, the bottom desk-drawers of writers, the imaginations of non-writers, the pages of other books, the possible future, and the inaccessible past.”

Nambi Kelley is last. As befits an artist who does a great of her work around the world in acting workshops intended to foster, as she puts it, “global communities,” Nambi Kelley refuses to allow us to remain seated, academic-style, in this conference room. A slender, small-framed woman in fingerless knit gloves and a ball of twisted braids atop her head, she asks first what African-American playwrights we are familiar with; she is featured herself in a current L.A. production of August Wilson’s Joe Turner’s Come and Gone. Her presence here has theatricality - she stands and speaks, her hands dance in the air. She throws an object into the crowd - make up a story, she instructs, throw it to someone else. The game ends too early - I mean, in this room we could do it all day. But the point is made - in a world where manufacturers tell us art is this or that outside ourselves, we should not forget this basic essence of expression. Duh … people!

William Gass now has his heroic moment, fielding a question from the crowd meant to trip us up: Aren’t you just saying what everybody says? In the corporate boardrooms of America, aren’t they just figuring out ways to make it new? Aren’t we all always already homogenized? Haven’t they taken away our language, those geniuses of capitalism, haven’t they rendered us impotent, anything we might say here only sounding the same as what we’re always being told and sold? Gass is not to be so easily dismissed, and indeed he turns the tables, calmly, serenely. Any derision I give his response here is my own, because Gass himself stays above anger, indignation, resentment. Dear boy, he says to the questioner, They only do that in the attempt to sell us products. Don’t mistake the language they steal from us as anything but new bottles into which they serve their old wine. Oh, but he’s so much more articulate, refined, cool, and cutting, leaving the room still with wonder. I get too involved in the emotion of the moment to record for posterity his actual words. I am too much the foot soldier to remember to be the scribe.

My Problems

Which becomes my problem over the next few days. I participate, and only as an afterthought restore myself to the position of feigned-objective observer. It also becomes clear to me, when on the last day I hear people talking about the electronic music and video presentations they’ve witnessed here, that I attend a different festival than a lot of the others. I attend events concurrent with other events, and can only be that one person I am; I ignore too much, fail to witness too much, don’t take account of all I am involved in, and it slips past me, leaving me with only these few sad notes, so much less than what is actually occurring. Sticking close to fiction on both days, among the concurrent sessions I miss are those engaging literature and multimedia, performance poetry, experimental film, mathematically engendered writing by women, and a host of other media, operations, and art-form combinations.

My apologies to all those who were at &Now and don’t appear in this account, either because I didn’t attend your session, took poor notes, or couldn’t fit you into the final article. I should have been a better chronicler than I am. A team of chroniclers!

The Dead

It’s a fallacy that the dead live in the distant past, Shelley Jackson tells us from the podium that evening, star of the first plenary. Some are from only a minute ago. I love the performance that follows - Jackson reading from a text that brings together the website we see projected above her, also of her own design, her work in progress, The Shelley Jackson Vocational School for Ghost Speakers and Hearing Mouth Children. The site’s url is now lost to me, but this is what I recall seeing: an official seal such as one might find gracing an old brick-and-mortar academic hall, one that introduces the visitor to a school devoted to capturing the voices of the dead as miniature physical objects rendered in wax, objects which have also been sculpted by Jackson who works simultaneously as author, artist, and web designer. The objects themselves, or the images of them that we see, are haunting in their echoes of our dream-images of the unseeable, conditioned by 19th-century spirit photography and similar to paranormal explorations that pseudo-sciences have engaged in over the centuries; this sense is reinforced by Jackson’s schematic drawings of bodies and inventions used in the refinement of sound-objects generated by the dead, rendered in effective imitative detail. Her imaginations are bodied forth in very convincing craftspersonship.

Jackson also engages a rich paradox in the life of the avant-garde artist: the artist looks forward, toward creating the new, but the very act of being an artist puts one in an irresistible dialogue with the dead - at least partly because many of our resources are given us by those who have passed from the living world: “Everything you know about yourself,” reads Jackson, “is by-gone. You are your own ghost.” Why should we not also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Because we speak their languages; since we may well be animated by them, what could we recognize purely as our own? In the style of the channeler of the paranormal, Jackson then proceeds to lead the auditorium in an exercise whereby we allow the dead to speak through us. We are instructed to relax, let the sound come from deep in the throat, etc., and in the dimmed room we begin to hear others and ourselves intone strange moans from some other place. And/or, we play along, and in the front of the room Jackson can hardly keep from laughing at our successful channelings. The power of Jackson’s work is in its ability to engage its audience’s sense of play with the daunting, tantalizing unknown. She is a significant artist whose work breaks boundaries in the received conceptions of the separability of writing, art, and electronic media, without losing sight of the interests of literature. This is how new literature is made.More of Jackson’s work can be seen at http://www.ineradicablestain.com.

To be fair, given my anti-corporate screed above: Jackson’s new novel, her first, Half-Life, is out this month from HarperCollins, and obviously I do not consider this an example of bad corporate publishing. Jackson, like Ben Marcus, is an example of a significant contemporary literary artist who is supported by the commercial publishing industry. But then again, they may also be exceptions that prove the rule.

Magnified Section

I attend a panel the next morning scheduled for 9:30 but I get in a few moments after it has started, having set up my table and tried to construct a means by which, as unlikely and unsuccessful an endeavor as it sounds, customers might leave money for Starcherone books while I am off galavanting elsewhere. My book table is flanked on the right by the Brooklyn crew from Spuyten Duyvil and on my left by the terrific array of poetic objects produced by Miekal And, Maria Damon, and associates (an incidental note: it is very hard to effectively google a man with the last name “And”), including one I pick up for purchase: a 1992 Xexoxial Editions compilation entitled Magnified Section. This book features work by, among others, Critical Art Ensemble, a group with one member, Steve Kurtz, currently enmeshed in legal difficulties, with charges filed against him by the FBI and Department of Homeland Security Joint Terrorism Task Force for illegally trading in biological substances that actually are legal for trade, a prosecution that is widely seen in the artistic community as ideologically based.For more information see the CAE official website. In short, Magnified Section is one of those great publications one can only find done by a micro-press: simultaneous art object and slapdash, cheap material production but gloriously beautiful, with an orange and yellow splattered cover resembling those 60s abstract films with projected light through blood or paint blotches. Inside, a kind of anarchist aesthetic of xeroxes, early computer graphics, found art, and fake slogans: “God for Bid,” “Antigens and Contagions,” “Driftless Permaculture,” etc. The entirety seems to come not from New York (though some contributors are evidently headquartered there, but from odd places like LaFarge, Wisconsin, and Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Art, poetry, social document of who knows what, all in one. Wild.

My morning running like a sentence I can’t find the end of, I enter late a room where Ralph Berry, Director of FC2 and Professor of English at Florida State University, is already giving his paper.

Berry is one of my heroes in the small press publishing world. Over the years, FC2 has published, in its current imprint or as Fiction Collective/Black Ice Books (two other names by which it has gone the past 30 years), many of the greats of a strand of innovative fiction almost completely ignored by commercial publishers: Raymond Federman, Ronald Sukenick, Ursule Molinaro, Gerald Vizenor, Marianne Hauser, Harold Jaffe, and many others. Yet despite its long and critically respected history, FC/FC2 has, particularly in the last decade, gone nearly invisible in the mainstream literary world. So woeful has this neglect become that perhaps the best and most significant aspect of Ben Marcus’s attack on Jonathan Franzen in Harper’s (with which I was in general agreement) was that a mainstream glossy New York magazine was finally forced to print the name FC2, which Marcus mentioned in passing in the article. Despite Harper’s styling itself a culturally progressive magazine, I can’t recall ever seeing them acknowledge the literary margins before (I do recall one, but only one, instance in The New Yorker). Berry himself is a Southern Gentleman of the type I never knew existed, or would have thought had long since ceased to exist (growing up in suburban New York teleculture Hee Haw and the Klan were my predominant images of Dixie); Berry is passionately committed to art, entirely open in his intellectual conversation, yet soft-spoken, dignified, and polite to a fault. I pick up some of the thread of his argument: he is discussing the role of the fraudulent in art, given the potential for the relativity of interpretation since Duchamp, Cage, and others made the very nature of artistic craft problematic. He then transitions into discussing art that produces its own theory as it produces itself, citing the FC2 book, Blue Guide to Indiana by Michael Martone, as a case in point. This faux-travel guide, a formal pastiche of the actual Blue Guide series of travel guides, locates its subject where all Martone’s work locates itself, in Indiana, or rather under the linguistic sign “Indiana.” Berry points out that Martone’s is not so much a “fiction about Indiana” as “a real travel guide to a not-yet-existent Indiana.” I have heard Berry say elsewhere (and perhaps he has said it in the part of the talk I missed) that such fictive gaming is not, as would perhaps appear to the uninitiated, an end in itself, but a means by which we are led to reflect on the fictive operations all around us. After all, stories of any kind come to us through processes of digestion, selection, characterization, and, at their most insidious extremes, spins and the deliberate constructions of organs of official sense-making: governments, the press, etc.

Suspicions of how discourse constructs contemporary accepted realities and the ways in which novels work to reveal these processes becomes a shared contention of all three talks. Brian Evenson, fiction writer, translator, and Chair of the Literary Arts Program at Brown, is next, speaking of the difficulties of defining the novel genre. In one sense, the question of what a novel is, he says, already has an answer in the forming of that question: a novel is that which looks like a novel. But a novel may also, as Bakhtin wrote many decades ago, be any text which exhibits heteroglossia, language in all its variations. The novel, said Bahktin, was the form that made itself most welcome to the inclusion of various discourses (Martone or Jackson are certainly examples, though of course the latter employs fictive-based media forms rather than what one would typically say pertain to a “novel”) and positions itself against monologism, “a false, single view of the world.” While Evenson notes Bakhtin has his problems - he left unexamined his valuing of the novel among other genres, as well as his devaluing of poetry - his construction of what is novelistic remains compelling. The work of defining genre, nevertheless, is always a continual one, with finer and finer distinctions coming into play. In a sense, purporting to be a science, it is finally a pseudoscience whose classifications are ultimately always problematic. Evenson closes by citing a contemporary example of a hard-to-classify but nevertheless successful novel, Patrik Ouredník’s Europeana: A Brief History of the Twentieth Century. Constructed with “metahistorical but undifferentiated information,” Ouredník’s book utilizes actual (and in some cases somewhat fanciful) history to create a seemingly unreal picture of the world of the previous century. His work is a type of making strange that is different from the recent fictional trend of looking at the world from a slightly futuristic point in time by destabilizing or re-fixing the past from our own moment in time; such destabilization happens with the help of a discursive strategy that is not precisely history because its selection of details includes those that would not be included typically in a history:

The Americans who fell at Normandy in 1944 were sturdy young men and they measured an average of 173 cm tall, and if they were laid one after another, with the soles of their feet to the crowns of their heads, together they would measure 38 kilometers. The Germans were also sturdy young men, and the sturdiest of all were the Senegalese riflemen in World War One. They measured 176 cm, and so they were sent into the front ranks to scare the Germans. It was said that in World War One people fell like seeds, and later the Russian Communists calculated how much fertilizer a kilometer of corpses would yield, and how much they could save on expensive foreign fertilizer if they used the corpses of traitors and criminals. (qtd. in Bolton)

Steve Tomasula, who teaches at Notre Dame and, like Evenson, is both an FC2 author and a college professor, picks up the thread of the novelistic in presumably stable discourse by choosing as his subject Alan Sokal’s infamous fraudulent essay on quantum gravity in Social Text; in Sokal’s own words, “a pastiche of left-wing cant, fawning references, grandiose quotations, and outright nonsense … structured around the silliest quotations I could find about mathematics and physics.” Sokal’s intent was to argue the limits of postmodern theories of the instability of signification; he wished to reaffirm the facthood of at least an aspect of scientific truth beyond the alleged instability of signification systems which reify or describe such truths. To Tomasula, Sokal’s linguistic experiment shows the opposite of what he intended: “Frauds in scientific journals show us that there is at least as much desire … as anything else in the selection of articles” purporting truth claims, and such desires are the inescapable condition of interpretation. There is no outside to this postmodern formulation of the conditions of knowledge-gathering, which Tomasula delivers succinctly in four propositions:

Reality is constituted in language.
Language is subject to interpretation.
Interpretation is contingent upon subjectivity.
Subjectivity is subject to temporality.

This last, “temporality,” is the position of the observer, á la Heisenberg, at any particular moment - the observer’s experiences, tools, and desires. Modernity, as Tomasula concludes, in concert with his fellow panelists, means having to question everything in a contingent sphere of particular interests and discourses. A construction of the novel vital to our time must participate in such an understanding of the nature of representations, and such novels that do this are to be valued for continuing to do important work in the course of human understanding.

The Women of FC2

I now spend the next two days checking out all the new fiction I can, particularly by writers with whom I’m unfamiliar. First is a trio of women published by FC2 - Lucy Corin, Jessica Treat, and Debra DiBlasi.

Corin is a package of surprises: an assistant professor at UC Davis with trimmed hair and round glasses, she looks from certain angles like a Harry Potter-ish boy naif. But later in the evening, I’ll discover that she shoots a wicked game of pool. Reading from Everyday Psychokillers: A History for Girls, Corin’s sentences sound at some moments like she’s channeling Lewis Carroll, at others like a language-conscious feminist sociologist two drinks into a cocktail party. One comic text that she reads is fashioned as a list: “Things I don’t do except mockingly.” “Times I watch with detached indifference as my house gets more disgusting.” Good stuff: female lives caught in worlds of male assumption and construction, the work of disentanglement in which any woman’s subjectivity is necessarily engaged.

Next, Jessica Treat, not necessarily as experimental as other FC2 writers, but an accomplished storyteller, wryly aware of the issues involved in her work’s presentation: “I was on the phone last night with my girlfriend and she was telling me why it [my writing] was experimental. I remember the word ‘subtle’.” I am a fan of these subtleties in Treat, and am on record as such: she appears in Starcherone’s new anthology of hybrid prose, PP/FF (Conners).

Finally, Debra DiBlasi, who is the most formally inventive of the three, at least from what I see in this sampling. She discusses her use of “Storyspace,” the first-generation hypertext software, then goes into a story about gaps, lacunae, places where you get lost in life or in text. She reads selective sentences from a story and there is no loss of experience, the presentation imagistic, cerebral. “I stopped stuttering when she [my sister] ran away from home. It was like she took away the gaps.”

Afterward, DiBlasi stops at the Starcherone table and we discuss doing an anthology of erased text. It may never happen, but it’s a great idea.

Spuyten Duyvil

The Spuyten Duyvil reading the next morning begins with an impassioned, half-lunatic blast from SD’s mercurial director, Tod Thilleman, so full of accusation and bravado that Tsipi Keller to his right is spurred to spontaneous applause half-way through the rant. I don’t feel like I’m quite awake but manage to get down a couple of his sentences: “I’m trying to understand what I am doing by publishing all these books.” It’s true - as indie publishers go, very few if any out-produce SD. Starcherone does four books a year, FC2 does six; Spuyten Duyvil, publishing fiction, poetry, limited edition art books, and occasional non-fiction, does close to twenty. Thilleman has been called to this, he tells us, by the abdication of literature by mainstream publishing: “Publishing is not literature. Publishing may used to have been literature, but now it’s an industry, the publishing industry.”

The books that SD does (at least those whose authors are on display here) are less deliberately experimental than those of FC2, with the exception of Christian TeBordo (whose Conviction and Subsequent Life of Savior Neck is classic self-reflexive, trip-over-itself metafiction; he’ll be an interesting writer to watch as he develops) and, to a certain extent, Noam Mor, Eugene Garber and Tsipi Keller both read from books that are literary but not particularly formally challenging, inasmuch as one can tell from the presentations. Garber’s novel is a lyrical, period love story set in fin de siècle Vienna (sample set-up sentences: “Anna worries about having a soul. Turn of the century women in Vienna worried about this sort of thing.”); Keller’s is the second volume in a cleverly written trilogy about women struggling with possession of their bodies and desires in the contemporary US (sample sentence about neon billboards on a nightclub strip: “Nipples pointed every which way, owing perhaps to the hasty way in which they were stuffed into the bra.”).

Again the question is raised: why are these authors of very capably written, intellectually entertaining novels on the outside of the literary establishment?

Noam Mor takes up the job of answering. His own reading has been of a disturbing piece of interweaving voices featuring at one point a rather John Hawkes-like description of a termite queen (sample: “Even after I beheaded her, she kept birthing.”). Today’s book marketplace, he says, is even more cynical and profit-driven than one imagines if one just sees it as having mainstream tastes and shunning the experimental. Rather, it appears to be entirely driven by sales and marketing strategies, ignoring (as Thilleman earlier suggested) concerns of the literary entirely. Sales reps see niches - the single career-woman niche, the young phenom niche, the celebrity-in-a-different-field niche, Father’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc. - and ask, does your book have certain properties? “Good books,” publishable commodities, are those books that appeal to these markets; lacking these, a book is unlikely to be picked up.

Is it possible that the role of the small presses has expanded to the point where they are needed to save mainstream literature? Industry defenders might counter that, at a time when there are more books being published in the US than ever, we may have too many authors in the US - that is, more writers than there are readers to support them. But is this surfeit of authors, if such exists, a product of niche-marketing as opposed to a problem such marketing is an attempt to solve (after all, much of the new books in the overloaded marketplace seem to be of the Britney-and-her-mother-co-write-a-book-about-Mother’s Day variety)?See Amazon for Britney and Lynne Spears, A Mother’s Gift: a novel, here. Incidentally, so we’re all clear on how the bread is buttered, Publisher’s Weekly reviewed this title, but they have never reviewed a title published by Starcherone Books, despite our repeated attempts to contact them and follow their fetishistic review submission instructions to the letter. Are the interests of literature muscled out by the book industry’s more persuasive desire to get non-book-buyers to buy books (for instance, as happened with Harry Potter, where suddenly it was as important for every child to have these books for Christmas as it was in previous Christmases for them to have Cabbage Patch or Tickle Me Elmo dolls)?

I often wonder whether publishing and promoting avant-garde writing, activities I’ve always understood to be forward-looking and progressive, aren’t actually conservative acts - not politically conservative, mind you, but conservative in the sense of trying to save, or conserve, culture. I have written occasionally about this tendency of late, calling it pastmodernism: “It’s strange to me what we do,” I wrote in an early entry of the blog Lance Olsen and I founded this past May, Now What: A Collective Blog of Alternative Prose Writers and Publishers. “We are forward-looking in an activity plainly our culture is leaving behind …. [I]n the position of salvaging, of casting backward, of recovery, of withstanding erosion.”

We may have reached a moment in cultural history where a certain type of looking backward has become inseparable from and as revolutionary as so-called looking forward.

Evening Gass & Afternoon Nambi

“You first meet a painting like a pie in the face.”

William Gass is well into the first evening’s reading of an essay that sometimes seems like a story, or a story that sometimes seems like an essay, or perhaps just a kind of linguistic variety show, which waxes lyrical at times and at others detours into limericks about nuns, sailors, and the Pope. It occurs to me that his particular talent is that different audience members seem to be reacting to different moments in his performance, perhaps as a result of the fact that what he has to say is evocative of all the materials and sounds and textures of what makes writing, art, and music alive for all of us, in different ways, as here attested by a man who has lived a life in the arts, and as a writer. Which is not to say that the seventy minutes he reads doesn’t seem like seventy minutes. It does.

I am more taken the next day by the late afternoon performance of Nambi Kelley who reads, voices, and sings from her work as a playwright, including a hip-hop reenvisioning of Antigone, backed by jazz guitarist and drums. I fear this reading is going to succumb to preciousness at the start - “She got to bury her uncle but her brother doesn’t want her to?” - but soon the language and Kelley’s passion take control and lead to an artistic epiphany: the violence that seems so full of meaning in Greek tragedy experiences a sea change when transposed to the modern urban environment, the place generally characterized as one of “senseless violence.” Violence is violence: it is always senseless, and always brings about devastating and wrenching suffering and pain, as well as plots for revenge, the stuff of history and drama. As in much of Greek drama, the fight against war and killing is likely to be led by disempowered women rising above their socially constrictive roles.

I think of Cindy Sheehan.

Fiction Machines

I drift back to my book table and check my cash cup. Little surprise, very few dollars have found their way there. I ask Tsipi Keller, who is now minding the Spuyten Duyvil table to one side of me, how they have done for sales. Very well, it turns out. I turn to the other side and ask Mikael And. He is also grinning. It is now clear to me that Starcherone has given up sales revenue so that I can keep up my schedule of attending numerous events, driven by the assignment to document this festival for electronic book review. Hear that, Tabbi? You owe my press money!

As I fret about this, Dimitri Anastasopoulos comes by my table to remind me of a favor I promised him. I know Dimitri and his wife Christina Milletti from Buffalo. To my mind they are experimental fiction’s most striking couple: Dimitri tall and sturdy with curls of black hair that make him always look like he’s just returned from sailing; Christina with even more notable coiffure, pink at the moment, and thus visible in any crowd, as when Geoffrey Gatza and I once picked her out in the lobby of the Chicago Hilton during AWP from a hundred yards away and ascending, riding up the escalator and looking back, stilled as twin wives of Lot. Both are fiction writers, Dimitri the author of the novel, A Larger Sense of Harvey (lovingly called by Rain Taxi, “an eccentric high-dive into language” (Czyz)); Christina of the recently released short story collection, The Religious and Other Fictions. Dimitri now hands me a statement I am to read aloud prior to his reading with Dave Kress and Edward Desautels, “An Exhibition of Information Produced by Fiction Machines.”

The statement challenges remarks made by British novelists V.S. Naipaul and Ian McEwan, to the effect that in the post-9/11 world we now live in such complex times that fiction no longer is as effective a means of rendering contemporary reality as nonfiction. The “fiction machines” designed by the Anastasopoulos, Kress, and Desautel are attempts to write different forms to embody “the complexities of today’s world” (Donadio “Irascible”) and to respond to McEwan’s desire “to be told about the world.”Similar assumptions are at work in McEwan’s formulation of the problem. Said McEwan, as qtd. in Donadio: “For a while I did find it wearisome to confront invented characters … . I wanted to be told about the world. I wanted to be informed. I felt that we had gone through great changes and now was the time to just go back to school, as it were, and start to learn” (“Truth”). The idea that fiction of necessity employs “invented characters” is put to the test if one’s examples of “novels” include those created by Ouredník, Martone, or David Markson, for instance. All the texts/machines have missing or occluded subjects and are the most varied and far-ranging in subject matter of any group of performances I’ve seen thus far. Kress’s involves the tale of a CD anonymously received in the mail, featuring music either from a band he himself was once in, or a “half-acoustic, half electric fiddle band from Finland,” and concludes with him reading a text with a band playing over the reading, with voices echoing between the music and text. Desautel’s piece is an “investigation artifact,” the instructional apparatus from a segment of the national security thicket, an exquisite piece of political paranoia, except that, as his own text says, “we no longer speak of paranoia in the pejorative … without paranoia there is no security.” Finally, Anastasopoulos reads from “A Notebook for Expectant Fathers,” which begins as a playful mock-scientific guide to the signs of gestation in expectant fathers, and becomes a parable of the demands of helplessness, the impossibility of doing anything when all you can you do is nothing, as your baby in the scientifically-visualized womb is seen gulping its own urine and a doctor intones knowingly, disturbingly, uninterpretably, “Your baby has an enormously large bladder that is grossly efficient.”

It is now a kind of common currency to say that fiction is no longer as pertinent as nonfiction. Here, Rachel Donadio, in The New York Times: “Like painting, the novel isn’t dead; it just isn’t as central to the culture as it once was. In our current infotainment era, in which the line between truth and ‘truth’ is growing ever more blurry, readers thirst for a narrative, any narrative, and will turn to the most compelling one” (“Truth”). But Donadio and others of a mainstream bent quickly substitute “fiction” with an unproblematical form of “narrative” in such formulations, assuming realistic tale-telling. Here, a quote by Gass is appropriate: “The dominant form of the 20th century novel is the 19th century novel” (qtd. in Tomasula). Let me stray away from my usual attack on how mainstream publishing favors more transparent, easier narratives, and instead take a cue from Anastasopoulos to ask what is meant by this idea of nonfiction at all. If, as Berry has it, the role of innovative or experimental fiction is to lead us directly to contemplation of the fictive operations all around us - selection, editing, narrative position and bias, naming the structures of the world we are asked to accept as givens, etc. - where then do these things go, the very nature of how discourse is made, when so-called “fiction” disappears? The presumption that “nonfiction” somehow rids us of all the complications attendant to the making of any assertion is naive at best and at worst a recipe for How to (Continue to) Be Oppressed. Innovative fiction writers contend that Naipaul’s demands that writing reflect the complexity of today’s world require not the abandonment of artistic gestures but demanding and making more complex constructions than we are told constitute “the novel” at present. When fiction is seen primarily as an escape, a form of entertainment, then its ability to be relevant will indeed be questionable. Much small press writing deliberately configures its function as a serious one, involved with the national psyche, indeed perhaps with disabusing us of greater fictions which have gripped us as a nation, as seen above in Desautels’s appropriative language. Likewise, Spuyten Duyvil has taken to using the slogan, “Literature is not what a society pretends,” which simultaneously points to a great deal of fictionalizing, or pretending, going on in the culture at large, and to an antidote in the art of fictionalizing, the making of literature. A true literature invents out of the materials of culture and endeavors not ust to participate in but to reveal the fictions that frequently are foisted upon us for reasons of mystification, power, and profit.

The End of the Day/End of the Night

I am shot, the way one is shot at conferences and festivals of the intellect, where the mind spends all day as a Rock-em-Sock-em Robot, thudding and being thudded, getting your block knocked off and making noises in your head like a reel being quickly emptied of line, then having your block pressed back into place to resume being concussed with ideas. One more session. I sit at my table for a few moments and actually sell a few books. Chat. Yes, OK, now it’s time. People scurry away, the break between sessions ended, new ones are starting again. Dazed, I get up and stumble to the first classroom I see and open the door.

It’s the door I entered seven hours ago to hear Tod Thilleman’s morning harangue. But now it’s transformed. Darkened, there is very little seating space: the room is jammed with people, boxes of books, a podium, a projector shining images on the screen, more boxes of books. A man is uncrating these and handing them out around the room. In the front of the room, opposite the speaker at the podium, a ballet dancer does stretches against the white dry-erase board then, finishing these, various dances. The projection directly onto the board features a man reading Brecht essays, aloud, but softly, so it is hard to make out words. In front of the projection is a TV, where we hear a woman reading what seems to be a foreign language, too softly for the words to be made out.

At this point, a man enters the classroom, moves to the podium in front, and begins to lecture on the history of the theatre. I now recall that I had seen him seated outside the room as I made my way in. The man handing out books is now in front of me and hands me The Time-Life Book of Traditional American Crafts. Now, up front, the dancer gets atop a table and rolls around, not sexually, but certainly very physically. Another woman who had been off to the side now appears, wearing a fur boa, and begins singing a torch song. At this point I try to hear what the speaker is saying at the podium, and through the growing cacophony I hear, “Hiroshima,” “exploitation,” “peoples’ mutual relations.” He is now up to number 20 in what is evidently a series of theses. As more people now come in the door behind me, I am forced to move. I squeeze up toward the front of the room, where I climb up on a table that had been pushed against the wall to make room. I sit on the table with my back against the wall. The action I am now closest to is the singer:

You love me
You love me
Then you snub me

I laugh out loud. The projected video now shows a Chicago street scene. The TV shows yet another reader of some text, probably the fourth or fifth in succession. Jessica Treat is seated on my left. She turns to me as I madly scribble in a small black notebook:

“What are you writing?”

The answer isn’t as interesting as I’d like it to be, given the goings on:

“I was asked to report on this conference for electronic book review.”

A man I had previously taken for another audience member now begins playing discordant trumpet.

Interpretation: Entitled “The Failure of Modern Politics,” the performance’s contention that, in essence, we are all in contemporary society overstimulated, preoccupied, and subject to too many competing claims was not particularly a new notion, and so I can’t say the meaning of anything in that room was startling. The theatrical experience, on the other hand, felt startling, and anything but exhausted. I felt unexpectedly elated.“The Failure of Modern Politics” by Stephen Lapthisopon, with Charlene Brooks, Stephen Burns, Mark Hanner, Tracy McCabe, and Eli Robb.

But I now was that much more ready for an ending, and was looking forward to the evening reception. Soon, there I was, in a stately campus hall, at the far end of everything, greedily slurping chablis.

The last thing I wanted was to be confronted by there was more art.

But here again is Davis.

I have not mentioned Davis Schneiderman, which is perhaps another demonstration of how far from the actual experience of an event a written account can be, because once I got North of Chicago, Davis had been everywhere. Review the tape. Here now at the start of the opening panel, before Gass, Jackson, and Kelley begin to speak, is Davis, welcoming us, thanking us for attending, giving thanks as well to the team of students, faculty, staff, and sponsors who have allowed the event to go off. Fast-forward as I arrive the next morning to set up my book table and here’s Davis again, directing traffic to appropriate places and offering coffee. Davis is at panels all day; Davis is making sure the equipment works; Davis is pointing us in the direction of local restaurants.Davis, too, is the author/editor of the ingenious anti-novel, Multifesto: A Henri d’Mescan Reader. One has heard all tales throughout an avant-garde upbringing of how this or that gesture in the history of the book has drawn attention to the physical objectness of the literary creation; Schneiderman’s Multifesto has a permanent footnote in my own mental catalogue of such: its covers are sandpaper, meant to insult whatever texts one places next to it on one’s shelf. And “Henri D’Mescan,” the previously little-known author-provocateur whose biography somersaults any attempt at easy synopsis, is also, by glorious coincidence, an anagram of “Schneiderman.”

Davis finds the room where I am hiding out (with others, it should be said) away from whatever might be planned to take place and sheepishly tells us, “The performance is about to start.” Several times, so that there is no escape.

Dutifully, the pack of academics and artists who were hiding out with me all move toward the central room in the hall.

There we find LaTasha N. Nevada Diggs, poet, musician, and self-proclaimed “wannabe linguist.”

The brief performance that follows is stunning. Diggs’s poetry, sung to her own accompaniment on electronic control panel featuring a sophisticated electronic delay mechanism called a “chaos pad,” is macaronic verse of words and phrases cobbled from phrasebooks of marginalized languages throughout the world: Hawaiian, Samoan, Cherokee, and others, infused with hip-hop strategies. Diggs herself comes arrayed for the occasion: an African-American woman from Harlem, she wears an ornate headress that makes her appear like some sort of pre-Western-contact shaman. The sound fits the look: like nothing else I have ever heard, I am first in line to buy her CD.An example of Diggs’s macaronic verse is seen and heard in “Gamelon” here, though without the electronic music background. &Now has surprised til the end.

Final Judgment: The Lesson of &Now

Don’t get tired. Creative enthusiasm in the spirit of any or all arts constantly reinvents and reinfuses itself. That is all you know and all you need to know.Somewhere in there was my own panel, presenting readings by

          BRITNEY SPEARS DESVELA TODOS LOS DETALLES DE SU PRÓXIMA GIRA        



Los "fans" de la cantante Britney Spears aguardan, expectantes, a que comience su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", y, poco a poco, vamos conociendo detalles adicionales sobre el nuevo espectáculo, que presentará la artista Britney Spears.

Esta nueva gira mundial de la cantante Britney Spears, denominada, genéricamente, "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", será, ya, el sexto "tour" internacional de la artista estadounidense Britney Spears, aunque, en este caso, estará, especialmente, destinado a promover las ventas de su séptimo álbum de estudio, titulado "Femme Fatale", que fue lanzado al mercado, como sabemos, durante el pasado Martes, día 29 de Marzo de este año 2.011, en los Estados Unidos de América y, en otras fechas homólogas o cercanas, en los demás países, alrededor del mundo.
Este nuevo espectáculo, que será la gira mundial de la intérprete Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", ha sido producido por la compañía productora "Live Nation" y ha contado con la dirección de Jamie King.
De esta forma, esta nueva gira mundial de la estrella Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", se debe considerar como el primer "tour" de la diva Britney Spears, después de un poco más de un año y medio, transcurrido desde el último espectáculo de su gira mundial anterior, denominada "The Circus Starring: Britney Spears", que generó unas ganancias estimadas por importe total de, aproximadamente, unos ciento veinte millones de dólares estadounidenses.

El primer antecedente que se tuvo de esta nueva gira mundial de la diva Britney Spears, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", data del pasado Viernes, día 4 de Marzo de este año 2.011, en el que la vocalista Britney Spears confirmó, por primera vez, sus planes de realizar una nueva gira mundial, para la promoción de su nuevo disco de estudio, titulado "Femme Fatale", que comenzaría al principio de este Verano del año 2.011, realizando la confirmación, a este respecto, en una entrevista, concedida al programa radiofónico vespertino del conocido locutor Ryan Seacrest, de la cadena radiofónica "Kiss", con motivo del estreno oficial del segundo sencillo de adelanto, titulado "Till the World Ends", como anticipo de lo que sería su nuevo álbum de estudio, llamado «Femme Fatale», que se editaría unas pocas semanas después.
Un tiempo después, durante el pasado Martes, día 29 de Marzo de este año 2.011, después de sus interpretaciones, en directo, de varios temas de su último trabajo discográfico, titulado "Femme Fatale", en el programa radiofónico "Good Morning America", la cantante Britney Spears anunció las primeras veintiséis fechas y lugares, por toda Norteamérica, donde transcurrirá su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", añadiendo, además, que sería encabezada, además de por la propia artista Britney Spears, también, por el intérprete Enrique Iglesias, comenzando durante el mes de Junio de este año 2.011, aunque, horas después del anuncio, se informó, a través de la revista musical especializada estadounidense "Billboard", que la estrella Enrique Iglesias había rehusado participar en esta nueva gira mundial de la diva Britney Spears, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011".
El crítico musical Ray Wedell, de la revista musical especializada norteamericana "Billboard", especuló con la posibilidad de que la razón del rechazo, por parte del músico Enrique Iglesias, a participar en esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", había sido que la consideración, por parte de los medios de comunicación, de la vocalista Britney Spears, como cabeza de cartel, mientras que el cantautor Enrique Iglesias se consideraba como telonero, para el acto de apertura del concierto.
Tras la cancelación de la participación del solista Enrique Iglesias, en esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", la cantante Britney Spears anunció que estaría acompañada, en los actos de apertura, sobre el escenario, por el DJ Nervo y por el grupo Jessie & The Toy Boys, además de, en la interpretación de algunos temas, como el sencillo "Big Fat Bass", incluido, en su último trabajo discográfico, llamado "Femme Fatale", por la estrella Nicki Minaj.
Al respecto, la artista Britney Spears declaró que "éste es el 'Femme Fatale Tour' y estoy muy contenta de tener a Nicki Minaj, a Jessie & The Toy Boys y a DJ Nervo, de que se unan a mí y de que diviertan a todos en la pista de baile. Estoy impaciente por llevar el 'Femme Fatale Tour' a la carretera".
Igualmente, durante este mes de Marzo del año 2.011, Larry Rudolph, representante de la intérprete Britney Spears, señaló que esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de su representada, la estrella Britney Spears, tendría un ambiente "post-apocalíptico", comentando que su último sencillo oficial de anticipo de su nuevo disco de estudio, llamado "Femme Fatale", que era "la canción titulada 'Till the World Ends', se había convertido en una temática importante para nosotros", además, de confirmar, también, a Jamie King como el director de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la diva Britney Spears, que contaría, igualmente, con los servicios del coreógrafo Brian Friedman, aunque el propio artista Brian Friedman confirmaría, más tarde, durante el pasado Jueves, día 21 de Abril de este año 2.011, que renunciaba a su participación en la nueva gira mundial, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la vocalista Britney Spears, debido a varios conflictos de programación con su propio trabajo, en varias series televisivas, que son programas concurso, del tipo "reality".
Tan sólo unos días después, durante el pasado Sábado, día 30 de Abril de este año 2.011, se publicó, a través de internet, mediante el portal "YouTube", un vídeo, en el que aparecía la propia solista Britney Spears, ensayando, acompañada de sus bailarines, la coreografía de su tema titulado "How I Roll", incluido en su último álbum, llamado "Femme Fatale", de cara a su futura nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011".
Posteriormente, en una entrevista, grabada en vídeo, que se colgó, a través de internet, mediante el sitio web oficial de la cantante Britney Spears, la propia artista Britney Spears declaraba que, "del 'Femme Fatale Tour' se espera, únicamente, que sea tremendamente espectacular. Solamente espero que los coreógrafos se estén planteando, únicamente, las cosas más extravagantes y estoy muy emocionada. Esto, el hecho de estar tan emocionada, es porque he estado sobre este proyecto, durante un tiempo muy largo, así que no puedo esperar más".
Más tarde, durante el pasado Jueves, día 11 de Mayo de este año 2.011, la rapera Sabi dijo, en una entrevista concedida a la cadena televisiva musical especializada "M.T.V. News", que, en una cena del 'Proyecto San Bernardo', presentado por la intérprete Britney Spears, acordaron que iba a reunirse, con la propia estrella Britney Spears, durante sus representaciones del tema titulado "(Drop Dead) Beautiful", extraído de su última producción discográfica, llamada "Femme Fatale", en ciertas fechas y lugares, como, por ejemplo, durante las actuaciones programadas en la ciudad de Los Ángeles (California, EE.UU.), en la ciudad de Las Vegas (Nevada, EE.UU.) y en la ciudad de Nueva York (Nueva York, EE.UU.).
Luego, en la edición del pasado mes de Mayo de este año 2.011, de la publicación denominada "Harpers Bazaar", la estrella Britney Spears reveló, en una entrevista, que los ensayos "han ido muy bien. Creo que va a ser mi mejor espectáculo hasta la fecha".

Por otro lado, hace unos días, durante el pasado Martes, día 7 de Junio de este año 2.011, fue publicado un vídeo, en el que se aprecia a la cantante Britney Spears, conociendo, por primera vez, el escenario definitivo, sobre el que se desarrollará su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", que, hasta entonces, había permanecido inédito.
El escenario, sobre el que se desarrollará este "show", correspondiente a la nueva gira mundial, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la artista Britney Spears, consiste en un escenario principal, que contiene dos niveles y una escaleras laterales, así como una pequeña plataforma circular y una gigantesca pantalla, que es capaz de abrirse y cerrarse, además de, también, una gran pasarela, que se extiende en forma de letra "T", con una cinta transportadora y, al final, una plataforma circular, que puede elevarse, independientemente de la pasarela.
El escenario de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la diva Britney Spears, es muy parecido al escenario del anterior "tour", de la "Princesa del Pop", la vocalista Britney Spears, llamado "Dream Within a Dream World Tour 2.001 - 2.002", y, también, al escenario de la gira mundial, denominada "The Confessions World Tour 2.006", de la "Reina del Pop", la estrella Madonna.
Parece que este "show", perteneciente a este nueva gira mundial de la intérprete Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", contiene una variada gama de efectos especiales.

Ya queda menos, por lo tanto, para el arranque de la nueva gira mundial de la artista Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", que se ha producido, ya, durante el pasado Jueves, día 16 de Junio de este año 2.011, en el "Power Ballance Pavilion" de la ciudad de Sacramento (California, EE.UU.), donde ha dado comienzo su primera manga norteamericana, con recorrido por los Estados Unidos de América y Canadá, que se prolongará hasta el próximo Domingo, día 14 de Agosto de este año 2.011, recorriendo diversos lugares, incluyendo su directo previsto en el "Marcus Amphitheater", de la ciudad de Milwaukee (Wisconsin, EE.UU.), en el marco del "Summerfest Festival 2.011", hasta llegar a gran concierto final, en el "Air Canada Centre", de la ciudad de Toronto (Canadá).
Posteriormente, esta nueva gira mundial, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", llevará, a la intérprete Britney Spears, a una segunda y última manga europea, que comenzará con un directo, durante el próximo Jueves, día 22 de Septiembre de este año 2.011, en el "Palacio de Hielo" de la ciudad de San Petersburgo (Rusia), pasando por Ucrania, Hungría, Croacia, Suiza, Francia, Bélgica, Dinamarca, Finlandia, Suecia, Alemania, Países Bajos, Irlanda y Reino Unido, finalizando con un gran concierto final, durante el próximo Miércoles, día 9 de Noviembre de este año 2.011, en el Pavilhao Atlântico, de la ciudad de Lisboa (Portugal), momento en el que esta gira mundial de la estrella Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", se dará por finalizada, definitivamente, de modo que, en esta ocasión, no pasará por nuestro país.
En total, después de una primera manga, en los Estados Unidos de América y Canadá, y de una segunda y última manga, en Europa, la nueva gira mundial de la cantante Britney Spears, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", habrá contado con un total de sesenta directos, programados a fecha actual, de los que treinta y cinco se desarrollarán en el continente norteamericano y los veinticinco restantes en el continente europeo, al otro lado del charco.
En una entrevista, realizada durante el pasado Lunes, día 20 de Junio de este año 2.011, concedida a la cadena radiofónica "FISS F.M.", en la ciudad de Los Ángeles (California, EE.UU.), concedida por Larry Rudolph, "mánager" y representante de la artista Britney Spears, se sostuvo que era muy poco probable que, en esta nueva gira mundial de la intérprete Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", existiera una segunda manga en Norteamérica, que sería la tercera manga del "tour", al regreso de la parte europea de la gira, y que se encontraban, sin embargo, en conversaciones, para concretar alguna pequeña ampliación, añadiendo un país más, en esta nueva gira mundial de la estrella Britney Spears, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", aunque, por si pensáis en la posibilidad de ver la diva Britney Spears aterrizando en España, os diré que no os hagáis ilusiones, pues el representante de la vocalista Britney Spears, Larry Rudolph sí que añadió que este país se encontraría fuera de Europa, sin concretar más, ni añadir más detalles.

Esta nueva gira mundial de la artista Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", contó con una recepción crítica muy favorable, tras su primera noche de apertura, en la ciudad de Sacramento (California, EE.UU.), recibiendo elogios, por su habilidad de cantar en vivo y por mostrarse muy entusiasta, durante todo el transcurso de los principales momentos del espectáculo.
Uno de los críticos que elogió, abiertamente, a la estrella Britney Spears, fue el periodista Barry Walters, de la revista musical especializada estadounidense "Rolling Stone", quien catalogó esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la diva Britney Spears, como «la producción, posiblemente, más llamativa, de movimientos más rápidos y más entretenida» que ha hecho, hasta la fecha, la vocalista Britney Spears.
Asimismo, la revista musical especializada norteamericana "Rolling Stone", a través del crítico musical Barry Walters, sostuvo que la solista Britney Spears «se las arregló para demostrar que ella, todavía, está progresando, como una "showgirl"» y que «lo está haciendo, incluso, mejor de lo que sus defensores acérrimos hubieran esperado», finalizando su reseña, tras los elogios, con la afirmación de que, «a los veintinueve años de edad, la estrella del "pop", cuya carrera parecía en peligro de terminar, con, sólo, un par de años, ha demostrado estar de regreso».
Por su parte, el diario "The Sacramento Bee" sostuvo que, en la noche de apertura de su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", la intérprete Britney Spears se presentó como una verdadera profesional, durante todo el espectáculo, y que la multitud que asistió a verla, agotando todas las entradas, estuvo muy «emocionada», desde el principio hasta el final del espectáculo.
En la misma línea, a través de internet, el blog "Pink is the New Blog" sostuvo que, pese a que, en algunos espectáculos de su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", la estrella Britney Spears se ve respaldada por pistas pregrabadas, «hay partes en las que es muy obvio que ella canta en vivo y suena fantástica», señalando, además, que la diva Britney Spears, realmente, ha intensificado su habilidad de bailar, también.

Así, durante el pasado Martes, día 14 de Junio de este año 2.011, se hizo público el listado completo de las canciones que la diva Britney Spears interpretará en directo, para que sus "fans" sepan a qué atenerse, de modo que la intérprete Britney Spears ha decidido compartir, con todos sus seguidores, el "setlist" completo que tiene programado, de cara a su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", sobre el que vertebrará todas sus actuaciones.
En definitiva, en el repertorio de los temas, que se interpretarán en directo, en esta nueva gira mundial de la artista Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", podremos encontrar temas incluidos en su último trabajo discográfico, titulado "Femme Fatale", como su primer sencillo de presentación, llamado "Hold It Against Me", o su segundo sencillo oficial de adelanto, denominado "Till the World Ends", que, a su vez, se mezclarán con canciones clásicas, originarias de todas las épocas de la carrera musical de la intérprete Britney Spears, como, por ejemplo, su primer gran éxito, que fue el tema titulado "Baby, One More Time...", extraído de su primer disco de debut, llamado, también, "Baby, One More Time...", publicado en el año 1.998, o su gran canción, titulada "I'm a Slave 4U", correspondiente a su producción discográfica, denominada "Britney", lanzada al mercado en el año 2.011, así como su gran tema, titulado "Toxic", procedente de su álbum de estudio, llamado "In The Zone", editado en el año 2.003.
El repertorio de los temas, que se interpretarán en directo, en esta nueva gira mundial de la estrella Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", presenta un listado de temas, en el que se echa en falta alguna que otra canción mítica, en la carrera discográfica de la diva Britney Spears, como su gran balada, que fue la canción titulada "Everytime", perteneciente al lanzamiento discográfico, llamado "In The Zone", publicado en el año 2.003, pero en el que sí se incluyen, por ejemplo, la anunciada versión del famoso tema, titulado "Burning Up", originario de la "Reina del Pop", la vocalista Madonna, que incluyó en su primer trabajo discográfico de debut, denominado "Madonna", editado en el año 1.982, y, por supuesto, su versión del popular éxito, titulado "S&M", de la solista Rihanna, extraído de su último disco de estudio, llamado "Loud", de modo que parece que la cantante Britney Spears se atreverá, finalmente, a interpretar, en directo y en solitario, su exitoso dueto, denominado "S&M", con la artista Rihanna, originaria de las Islas Barbados.
De esta forma, aquí podéis observar el "setlist" completo de los temas que la artista Britney Spears interpretará, en directo, en el marco de su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011":
- Acto 1: "The Femme Fatale".
01.- Intro.
02.- Tema titulado "Hold It Against Me", incluido en su último trabajo discográfico, llamado "Femme Fatale", publicado en este año 2.011.
03.- Canción titulada "Up N' Down", extraído de su último disco de estudio, denominado "Femme Fatale" (DeLuxe Edition), editado en este año 2.011.
04.- Sencillo titulado "3", procedente de su anterior álbum recopilatorio de grandes éxitos, llamado "The Singles Collection", lanzado al mercado en el año 2.009.
05.- Tema titulado "Piece of Me", correspondiente a su producción discográfica, denominada "Blackout", publicada en el año 2.007.
- Acto 2.
06.- Interludio (con muestras de su canción titulada "My Prerogative", perteneciente a su lanzamiento discográfico recopilatorio de grandes éxitos, llamado "Greatest Hits: My Prerogative", editado en el año 2.004).
07.- Sencillo titulado "Big Fat Bass", incluido en su último proyecto discográfico, denominado "Femme Fatale", lanzado al mercado en este año 2.011, e interpretado, en la versión de estudio, con la colaboración del músico Will.I.Am, miembro del grupo The Black Eyed Peas.
08.- Canción titulada "How I Roll", extraído de su último trabajo discográfico, llamado "Femme Fatale", publicado en este año 2.011.
09.- Tema titulado "Lace and Leather", procedente de su disco de estudio, denominado "Circus", editado en el año 2.008, siendo el único tema, de entre las canciones que componen el "setlist" de esta nueva gira mundial de la cantante Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", que no forma parte del repertorio de su último disco de estudio, llamado "Femme Fatale", y que, tampoco, ha sido lanzado al mercado, nunca, como sencillo oficial.
10.- Sencillo titulado "If U Seek Amy", correspondiente a su álbum, llamado "Circus", lanzado al mercado en el año 2.008.
- Acto 3: The Temptress.
11.- Canción titulada "Gimme More", perteneciente a su producción discográfica, denominada "Blackout", publicada en el año 2.007, que la cantante Britney Spears no interpretaba, en directo, desde hace cuatro años, conteniendo, además, para añadir algo de complejidad, algunos elementos adicionales del sencillo titulado "Get Naked (I Got a Plan)", originario, también, de su trabajo discográfico, llamado "Blackout".
12.- Tema titulado "(Drop Dead) Beautiful", incluido en su último lanzamiento discográfico, llamado "Femme Fatale", editado en este año 2.011, que interpretará con la colaboración del artista Sabi, interviniente en algunos de los conciertos programados, en esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la cantante Britney Spears, al igual que en su versión de estudio original, conteniendo, además, algunos elementos incorporados de la canción titulada "Inside Out", extraída, también de este último proyecto discográfico, denominado "Femme Fatale".
13.- Sencillo titulado "He About to Lose Me", procedente, también, de su último trabajo discográfico, llamado "Femme Fatale", lanzado al mercado en este año 2.011, aunque, únicamente, incluido en la edición "DeLuxe".
14.- Canción titulada "Boys (Remix)", correspondiente a su disco de estudio, llamado "Britney", publicado en el año 2.001, aunque se interpretará en versión "remix" y en solitario, es decir, sin la colaboración del músico Pharrell, como ocurre en la versión de estudio original.
15.- Tema titulado "Don't Let Me Be the Last to Know", perteneciente a su producción discográfica denominada "Ooops!... I Did It Again", editada en el año 2.000, que la artista Britney Spears no interpretaba, en directo, desde hacía nueve años, nada más y nada menos.
- Acto 4.
16.- Interludio.
17.- Medley, integrado por dos temas: por un lado, la canción titulada "Baby, One More Time...", incluida en su primer lanzamiento discográfico de debut, llamado, también, "Baby, One More Time...", lanzado al mercado en el año 1.998; y, por otro lado, el sencillo titulado "S&M", original de la artista Rihanna, que se extrajo de su último proyecto discográfico, denominado "Loud", cuya versión "remix" fue interpretada por la propia estrella Rihanna, con la colaboración de la diva Britney Spears, y que será interpretada por la propia vocalista Britney Spears, en solitario, de forma inédita, durante esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011".
18.- Tema titulado "Trouble for Me", procedente de su último trabajo discográfico, denominado "Femme Fatale", publicado en este año 2.011.
19.- Canción titulada "I'm a Slave 4U", correspondiente a su disco de estudio, llamado "Britney", editado en el año 2.001, en la que la intérprete Britney Spears bailará algunas partes de la coreografía original.
20.- Sencillo titulado "Burning Up", versión del conocido tema del mismo título, original de la intérprete Madonna, perteneciente a su primer álbum de debut, llamado "Madonna", lanzado al mercado en el año 1.983, siendo una versión inédita, interpretada, en solitario, por la propia solista Britney Spears.
21.- Tema titulado "I Wanna Go", incluido en su última producción discográfica, denominada "Femme Fatale", publicada en este año 2.011.
22.- Canción titulada "Womanizer", extraída de su lanzamiento discográfico, llamado "Circus", editado en el año 2.008, aunque contiene, en la presentación, algunos elementos propios de la versión, denominada "Womanizer (Jason Nevins Club Remix)".
- Acto 5: Sexy Assassin.
23.- Interludio, con algunas muestras de su sencillo, titulado "Scary", procedente de su último proyecto discográfico, denominado "Femme Fatale", lanzado al mercado en este año 2.011, aunque, únicamente, incluido en la edición japonesa o asiática.
24.- Tema titulado "Toxic", correspondiente a su trabajo discográfico, llamado "In The Zone", publicado en el año 2.003, aunque contiene, en la presentación, algunos elementos propios de la versión, denominada "Toxic (Peter Rauhofer Reconstruction Mix)".
25.- "Till The World Ends", perteneciente a su último disco de estudio, denominado "Femme Fatale", editado en este año 2.011, aunque contiene, en la presentación, algunos elementos propios de la versión, llamada "Till the World Ends (The Femme Fatale Remix)", interpretada con la participación de la solista Nicki Minaj, que intervendrá en algunos de los directos previstos en esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la artista Britney Spears, aunque, sin embargo, se sabe, con seguridad, que no estará presente en la parte europea.
En resumen, el repertorio de esta nueva gira mundial de la estrella Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", está conformado por un total de veintidós canciones, además de estar basado, intensamente, en los temas incluidos en su último trabajo discográfico, titulado "Femme Fatale", llegando a incluir, al respecto, hasta un total de nueve canciones pertenecientes a su último disco de estudio, llamado "Femme Fatale", entre las que se encuentran, por ejemplo, a sus tres primeros sencillos oficiales, que, como sabéis, fueron el tema titulado «Hold It Against Me», como primer sencillo de presentación, y la canción llamada «Till the World Ends», como segundo sencillo de anticipo, así como el sencillo denominado «I Wanna Go», como tercer sencillo de adelanto.
Las otras canciones, pertenecientes al último álbum, titulado "Femme Fatale", de la diva Britney Spears, que se incluyen en el repertorio de su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", y que, por lo tanto, serán, con toda seguridad, los candidatos a futuros sencillos oficiales, son el tema llamado «How I Roll», la canción titulada «(Drop Dead) Beautiful» y el sencillo denominado «Big Fat Bass», que es un firme candidato para ser lanzado al mercado como su cuarto sencillo oficial, así como el corte titulado «Trouble for Me» y una parte del sencillo llamado "Inside Out", además de dos pistas adicionales, incluidas, únicamente, en la edición "DeLuxe", como "bonus tracks", que son el tema llamado «Up N' Down» y el sencillo denominado «He About to Lose Me», acompañados de una parte del tema titulado "Scary", disponible, únicamente, en la edición japonesa o asiática.
Además de estas canciones, incluidas en su última producción discográfica, titulada "Femme Fatale", el repertorio de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la vocalista Britney Spears, también, incluye otros diez temas anteriores de la carrera discográfica de la propia solista Britney Spears, lanzadas como sencillos oficiales, entre el año 1.998 y el año 2.009, siendo, por orden cronológico de lanzamiento, esquemáticamente, los siguientes temas:
- De su primer lanzamiento discográfico de debut, titulado "...Baby, One More Time", publicado en el año 1.998, el primer sencillo oficial de presentación, llamado "...Baby, One More Time".
- De su segundo proyecto discográfico, titulado "Ooops!... I Dit It Again", editado en el año 2.000, su cuarto y último sencillo, denominado "Don't Let Me Be the Last to Know".
- De su tercer trabajo discográfico, titulado "Britney", lanzado al mercado en el año 2.001, su primer sencillo de anticipo, llamado "I'm a Slave 4U", y su sexto y último sencillo, denominado "Boys", aunque éste último en versión "remix".
- De su cuarto disco de estudio, titulado "In The Zone", publicado en el año 2.003, su segundo sencillo, llamado "Toxic".
- De su quinto álbum, titulado "Blackout", editado en el año 2.007, su primer sencillo de presentación, llamado "Gimme More", y su segundo sencillo de anticipo, denominado "Piece of Me".
- De su sexta producción discográfica, titulada "Circus", lanzada al mercado en el año 2.008, su primer sencillo de presentación, llamado "Womanizer", y su tercer sencillo oficial, denominado "If U Seek Amy".
- De su lanzamiento discográfico, recopilatorio de grandes éxitos, titulado "The Singles Collection", publicado en el año 2.009, su único tema inédito y sencillo principal, denominado "3".
Otra canción anterior de la cantante Britney Spears, que fue incluida en el repertorio de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", pero que, como hemos adelantado, no fue lanzada como sencillo oficial y que, nunca antes, había sido interpretada, en directo, por la propia artista Britney Spears, fue el tema titulado «Lace and Leather», incluido en su proyecto discográfico, titulado "Circus", publicado en el año 2.008.
Las dos canciones restantes del repertorio de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la intérprete Britney Spears, serán un "cover" o versión y un "remix": por un lado, en cuanto al "cover", la estrella Britney Spears interpretará, de forma inédita y en solitario, una versión del sencillo titulado «Burning Up», original de la diva Madonna e incluido en su primer trabajo discográfico de debut, llamado "Madonna", publicado en el año 1.983, dado que la "Reina del Pop", la solista estadounidense Madonna es citada, desde siempre, por la "Princesa del Pop", la vocalista Britney Spears, como su influencia más importante; por otro lado, en cuanto al "remix", la solista Britney Spears se atreverá a interpretar, por primera vez, en directo y en solitario, el "remix" principal del éxito titulado «S&M» de la cantante Rihanna, originaria de las Islas Barbados, y extraido de su último disco de estudio, denominado "Loud", en el que la propia cantante Britney Spears colaboró, como artista invitada, durante su lanzamiento al mercado, en este año 2.011, como sencillo oficial, en la interpretación de su versión "remix".

Pues bien, en relación a la polémica, que, desde hace años, ha envuelto a la intérprete Britney Spears, sobre su interpretación en directo o en "playback", de sus canciones, hay que señalar que, tal y como adelantó el famoso bloguero Pérez-Hilton, que pudo asistir a unos ensayos previos al inicio de esta nueva gira mundial de la estrella Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", no todas las canciones se interpretarán en directo, sino, únicamente, el ochenta por ciento de los temas, aproximadamente.
De hecho, respecto a sus interpretaciones, la diva Britney Spears canta, parcialmente, en directo, varios de los temas, que componen el repertorio de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", incluyendo, por ejemplo, su canción titulada «Gimme More», incluida en su trabajo discográfico, llamado "Blackout", publicado en el año 2.007, o su famoso tema titulado «...Baby, One More Time», extraído de su primer disco de debut, denominado, también, "...Baby, One More Time", editado en el año 1.998, y su sencillo titulado «Toxic», procedente de su álbum de estudio, llamado "In The Zone", lanzado al mercado en el año 2.003.
Asimismo, en esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", la vocalista Britney Spears interpretará, en vivo y en riguroso directo, como hemos dicho, entre otros, el tema titulado "Don't Let Me Be the Last to Know", originario de su producción discográfica, llamada "Ooops!... I Did It Again...", publicada en el año 2.000, y la canción titulada "3", correspondiente a su lanzamiento discográfico, recopilatorio de grandes éxitos, denominado "The Singles Collection", editado en el año 2.009, así como su sencillo titulado "Lace and Leather", perteneciente a su proyecto discográfico, llamado "Circus", lanzado al mercado en el año 2.008, y varios temas incluidos en su último trabajo discográfico, denominado "Femme Fatale", tanto en su edición estándar, como el sencillo titulado "Hold It Against Me" y la canción llamada "Big Fat Bass", como en su edición de lujo, como el corte denominado "Up 'n' Down" o el tema titulado "He About to Loose Me".

Posteriormente, durante el pasado Miércoles, día 15 de Junio de este año 2.011, se ha sabido que ha sido la propia estrella Britney Spears, quien, en una entrevista televisiva, concedida al programa "DayBreak", nos adelanta más cosas sobre el nuevo "show", que ofrecerá en su futura gira mundial, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011".
De esta forma, la diva Britney Spears ha desvelado todos los detalles sobre su próxima gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", sobre la que ha hablado, durante una reciente entrevista televisiva.
Pues bien, en esta entrevista, concedida al programa televisivo "DayBreak", la vocalista Britney Spears señaló que "habrá muchas sorpresas; es, probablemente, uno de los 'shows' más impactantes y entretenidos que he hecho y estoy muy excitada por ello", añadiendo, además, que "el vestuario será muy elaborado, así que será divertido de ver".
Por otro lado, la solista Britney Spears afirmó, en esta entrevista, concedida al programa televisivo "DayBreak", que "creo que éste es mi espectáculo más personal", añadiendo, asimismo, que "echaba de menos estar de gira; es un estilo de vida agotador, pero muy divertido".
Además, la cantante Britney Spears, en esta entrevista, concedida al programa televisivo "DayBreak", reconoció que, aún después de tantos años, sigue sintiendo nervios, antes de un concierto, pero se le pasan, después de la tercera o de la cuarta canción.
Aquí, podéis ver el vídeo de esta entrevista, que realizó la artista Britney Spears, en el programa televisivo "DayBreak", a través de internet, mediante el portal "YouTube", en la dirección de internet http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPFO07061qQ.

De acuerdo con lo que se sabe, hasta el momento, el "show" de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la cantante Britney Spears, comienza con un vídeo, a modo de introducción, que contiene algunos fragmentos del videoclip musical oficial del tema titulado "Hold It Against Me", incluido en el último trabajo discográfico de la artista Britney Spears, llamado "Femme Fatale", y, a continuación, la gran pantalla, ubicada en el escenario principal, se abre y muestra a la intérprete Britney Spears, sobre una plataforma, vestida de color blanco, que empieza a interpretar la canción denominada "Hold It Against Me".
Durante esta parte del "show" de su nueva gira mundial, llamada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", la estrella Britney Spears sube a una pequeña plataforma cuadrada, al compás de esta canción, titulada "Hold It Against Me", extraída, como primer sencillo oficial de presentación de su último disco de estudio, llamado "Femme Fatale", hasta que la plataforma cuadrada desciende al segundo nivel del escenario, en el que aparece un trono, realizando, a continuación una compleja coreografía, en la que, al terminar de cantar esta canción, denominada "Hold It Against Me", la diva Britney Spears desciende del escenario, a través de una pequeña trampilla.
No obstante, excepcionalmente, en el concierto celebrado en la ciudad de Anaheim (California, EE.UU.), durante el pasado Viernes, día 24 de Junio de este año 2.011, la plataforma que usa la solista Britney Spears, cuando interpreta el tema titulado "Hold It Against Me", correspondiente a su última producción discográfica, llamada "Femme Fatale", no se pudo utilizar, por motivos, todavía, desconocidos, motivo por el que la cantante Britney Spears tuvo que bajar por la escalera lateral derecha, hasta el escenario principal.
Seguidamente, el "show" de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la vocalista Britney Spears, continúa con la interpretación de la canción titulada "Up 'N' Down", procedente de la edición de lujo de su último álbum, llamado "Femme Fatale", con una temática policial, acompañada de unas jaulas móviles, en las que se encuentran sus bailarinas.
Después, en este Acto 1, llamado "The Femme Fatale", de su nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", la solista Britney Spears camina por la gran pasarela y empieza a interpretar la canción titulada "3", correspondiente a su producción discográfica, recopilatoria de grandes éxitos, llamada "The Singles Collection", vestida con una chaqueta y sombrero de colores blancos, para, a renglón seguido, regresar por la pasarela, a través de una cinta transportadora, y, a continuación, interpretar la canción titulada "Piece of Me", perteneciente a su lanzamiento discográfico, denominado "Blackout", sin interrupción y en forma de "medley", respecto al tema anterior, siendo elevada, en una plataforma similar a la ocupada en su gira mundial anterior, llamada "The Circus Starring: Britney Spears World Tour 2.009", para, finalmente, desaparecer del escenario principal.
A continuación, es destacable, en el "show" de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la cantante Britney Spears, la presentación del Acto 2, que comienza con un vídeo, en el que se contiene un fragmento del videoclip musical oficial del tema titulado "My Prerogative", incluido en su proyecto discográfico, recopilatorio de grandes éxitos, llamado "Greatest Hits: My Prerrogative".
Posteriormente, destacamos, también, la primera presentación del Acto 3, llamado "The Temptress", del "show" de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la artista Britney Spears, que está inspirada en la cultura del antiguo Egipto, correspondiendo al sencillo titulado «Gimme More», extraído de su trabajo discográfico, llamado "Blackout", siendo interpretado por la propia estrella Britney Spears, caracterizada a modo de faraona, para, posteriormente, continuar con la interpretación del tema titulado «(Drop Dead) Beautiful», procedente de su último disco de estudio, llamado "Femme Fatale", que contará con la aparición estelar de la rapera Sabi, en alguno de los espectáculos programados de esta gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la intérprete Britney Spears.
Más tarde, podemos destacar, en el Acto 4 del nuevo "show" diseñado para la gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la diva Britney Spears, la presentación del tema titulado «I'm a Slave 4 U», originario de su producción discográfica, llamada "Britney", cuya coreografía original es realizada por la propia vocalista Britney Spears y por sus bailarines, para, acto seguido, continuar con la interpretación del "cover" o versión del popular tema, titulado «Burning Up», original de la "Reina del Pop", la solista Madonna, correspondiente a su primer lanzamiento discográfico, denominado, también, "Madonna", que es interpretado por la propia cantante Britney Spears, vestida con pantalones "jeans" cortos y con sostén y botas de colores negros, mientras está sentada sobre una guitárra eléctrica de grandes dimensiones, que gira en torno a un eje central, en medio del escenario, y que aumenta su nivel de inclinación, hacia el final de la presentación, al tiempo que, a su alrededor, los bailarines realizan una coreografía.
Para la siguiente presentación de este "show", diseñado para la gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la artista Britney Spears, la propia intérprete Britney Spears baja de la guitarra eléctrica y comienza a interpretar, con el mismo vestuario, su tema titulado «I Wanna Go», convertido en el tercer sencillo oficial, perteneciente a su último proyecto discográfico, llamado "Femme Fatale", mientras, paulatinamente, quince personas del público son subidas, en tres grupos, en la parte central y en los costados derecho e izquierdo del escenario, con el objetivo de reunirse, al final de la pasarela, con la estrella Britney Spears, para cantar y bailar los últimos coros de esta canción, denominada "I Wanna Go".
Finalmente, la última presentación del Acto 4 del "show" de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la diva Britney Spears, corresponde al tema titulado «Womanizer», incluido en su trabajo discográfico, llamado "Circus", para lo que la vocalista Britney Spears se queda sola, en el centro del final de la pasarela, levantando un brazo y apuntando al cielo con un dedo, mientras la plataforma circular, en la que se encuentra de pie, comienza a girar y a elevarla, momento en el que aparecen sus bailarines, vestidos de policías, y comienzan a bailar a su alrededor, hasta que la solista Britney Spears, en un momento dado, se arroja, de espaldas, a la plataforma circular, que comienza a girar y a elevarse, una vez más, regresando, finalmente, al centro del escenario principal, a la vez que la canción, denominada "Womanizer", finaliza y la propia cantante Britney Spears comienza a desaparecer, a medida que la plataforma, en la que se encuentra de pie, desciende, dando término, así, a este Acto 4.
El Acto 5, denominado "Sexy Assassin", de este "show" de la nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la artista Britney Spears, comienza con la presentación, a través de un interludio, en el que se aprecia a un hombre, que sigue a la intérprete Britney Spears, dando a conocer información variada sobre la propia estrella Britney Spears, mientras se encuentra, con audífonos, mirando pantallas y realizando grabaciones, sin darse cuenta de que la propia diva Britney Spears ha conseguido entrar en su estudio, vestida con un kimono y con el cabello recogido, así que la vocalista Britney Spears toma por sorpresa, al hombre, desde la espalda, y, con un pañuelo con somnífero, lo duerme, para, posteriormente, taparle la boca y atarlo; cuando el hombre despierta, la solista Britney Spears le dice algo así como «you are a very bad boy», que, traducido, literalmente, del idioma inglés a la lengua castellana significa «eres un chico muy malo», para, a continuación, tomar el micrófono, por el que el hombre hablaba, y decir a la audiencia que lo ha atado, dando inicio a las últimas dos presentaciones del "show" diseñado para esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la cantante Britney Spears.
La primera de estas presentaciones, en el "show" de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la cantante Britney Spears, corresponde a la presentación de su tema, titulado «Toxic», incluido en su trabajo discográfico, llamado "In The Zone", que está inspirada en la cultura japonesa, iniciándose con escenas de un sol de color rojo, ocultándose detrás de montañas, y con un bailarín que surge, desde la plataforma central hacia el escenario, mientras comienza a hacer destrezas con una varilla, tras lo que se muestran escenas de un edificio japonés, momento en el que el bailarín se arrodilla y la artista Britney Spears surge, en el escenario, caracterizada a modo de emperadora japonesa, junto a cuatro bailarinas con sombrillas, que, al igual que la propia intérprete Britney Spears, visten kimonos, hasta que, pronto, se les unen unos bailarines, vestidos a modo de soldados de la estrella Britney Spears, a quien le entregan, por unos segundos, una varilla, símbolo de poder.
Esta presentación, en el "show" de esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la diva Britney Spears, continúa con la propia vocalista Britney Spears y sus bailarines, dirigiéndose hacia el final de la pasarela, donde, tras bailar y cantar, desaparecen, a través de una plataforma móvil, tras lo que un bailarín comienza a hacer destrezas con una varilla y la solista Britney Spears surge, nuevamente, en el escenario para la presentación final.
La presentación final de este "show", perteneciente a la nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la cantante Britney Spears, se refiere al último gran éxito de la artista Britney Spears, que es su tema, titulado «Till the World Ends», extraído, como segundo sencillo oficial de anticipo, de su último disco de estudio, llamado "Femme Fatale", y, al igual que el videoclip musical oficial de esta misma canción, denominada "Till the World Ends", la presentación está basada en el Apocalipsis, de modo que, tras surgir, nuevamente, al final de la pasarela, la intérprete Britney Spears se viste con un traje de color negro, decorado con abundantes luces, y comienza a realizar la coreografía original de este sencillo, titulado "Till the World Ends", junto a seis bailarinas, vestidas con "bodys" de color, igualemente, negro, para, acto seguido, volver al escenario principal, donde se le sumarán nuevos bailarines.
El "show", presentado en esta nueva gira mundial, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la estrella Britney Spears, continúa en el escenario principal, donde algunos de los bailarines juntan una estructura, similar a una torre, y, entonces, comienza a sonar este tema, titulado "Till the World Ends", procedente de su último álbum, llamado "Femme Fatale", aunque en la versión "The Femme Fatale Remix", mientras son mostradas imágenes de la vocalista Nicki Minaj, interpretando sus versos, propios del género musical "rap", en esta versión "remix" del tema, denominado "Till the World Ends", hasta que, cuando dichos versos terminan, la música se detiene, las luces del escenario disminuyen su intensidad y la torre comienza a disparar chispas abundantes, en todas sus secciones, momento en el que la música se reanuda y comienza a caer una lluvia prolongada de chispas, sobre el escenario, a la vez que la diva Britney Spears se eleva, volando sobre una plataforma personalizada, con alas de mariposa.

Durante este pasado Lunes, día 20 de Junio de este año 2.011, Larry Rudolph, "mánager" y representante actual de la solista Britney Spears, brindó una entrevista, concedida a la cadena radiofónica "FISS F.M.", de la ciudad de Los Ángeles (California, EE.UU.), en la que sostuvo que el equipo se encuentra en conversaciones, para crear y lanzar al mercado un DVD, que inmortalice los principales momentos de esta nueva gira mundial, llamado "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", de la cantante Britney Spears.
En el caso de que se publicase un DVD, sobre esta última gira mundial de la artista Britney Spears, denominada "The Femme Fatale World Tour 2.011", sería, después de su pasada gira mundial, llamada "Dream Within a Dream World Tour 2.001 - 2.002", el primer gran "tour" de la intérprete Britney Spears que sería lanzado al mercado, en formato DVD, desde hace nueve años, considerando que los dos grandes tours anteriores de la estrella Britney Spears, es decir, su gira mundial, denominada "The Onyx Hotel World Tour 2.004", y su gira mundial, llamada "The Circus Starring: Britney Spears World Tour 2.009", no fueron lanzados en este formato de DVD.

          LADY GAGA ESTRENA EL SENCILLO "JUDAS" RODEADA DE POLÉMICA POR SU VIDEOCLIP MUSICAL        



El nombre del nuevo tema, titulado «Judas», de la diva Lady GaGa, que se presenta como segundo sencillo de presentación de su futura nueva producción discográfica, llamada "Born This Way", fue anunciado, por la propia vocalista Lady GaGa, en una entrevista, que concedió para la revista estadounidense "Vogue".

Así pues, este tema, titulado «Judas» es una canción interpretado por la propia solista estadounidense Lady GaGa, que será incluida en su segundo lanzamiento discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", como segundo sencillo de adelanto, habiendo sido escrita y compuesta por la propia artista Lady GaGa, quien se encargó, también, de la co-producción, junto con el famoso productor discográfico RedOne.

De hecho, el propio productor discográfico RedOne fue entrevistado, durante la ceremonia de entrega de los "Premios Grammy de la Música 2.011", y comentó que este nuevo tema de la intérprete Lady GaGa, incluido en su futuro proyecto discográfico, denominado "Born This Way", se llamaría "Judas", y que «iba a sorprender y enloquecer a todos».

Este nuevo tema, titulado «Judas», de la intérprete Lady GaGa, fue confirmado, durante el pasado Lunes, día 14 de Febrero de este año 2.011, por la propia estrella Lady GaGa, como el segundo sencillo oficial de presentación de su nuevo proyecto discográfico, denominado "Born This Way", anunciando, en el famoso programa radiofónico musical estadounidense del locutor Ryan Seacrest, tanto el nombre de esta nueva canción, llamada "Judas", como su lanzamiento al mercado, oficialmente, como segundo sencillo de adelanto, de su futuro trabajo discográfico, titulado "Born This Way".

De esta forma, este tema, titulado "Judas", de la artista Lady GaGa, perteneciente a su futuro lanzamiento discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", con una duración total de cuatro minutos y diez segundos, será difundido por las compañías discográficas "Interscope Records", "Kon Live" y "Streamline", encuadrándose, básicamente, en los géneros musicales "dance pop", "house" y música electrónica, de tendencias "electropop".



Durante el pasado Viernes, día 18 de Febrero de este año 2.011, previo a su concierto, en la ciudad de Atlantic City (New Jersey, EE.UU.), en el marco de su última gira mundial, llamada "The Monster Ball World Tour 2.009 - 2.011", la propia estrella Lady GaGa le dió, a la revista estadounidense "Rolling Stone", una vista previa de la última versión, sin finalizar, de este sencillo, titulado «Judas», extraído de su futuro nuevo disco de estudio, denominado "Born This Way".

Tan sólo tres días después, durante el pasado Lunes, día 21 de Febrero de este año 2011, la diva Lady GaGa publicó, a través de internet, mediante su cuenta personal oficial, en la red social "Twitter", un fragmento de la letra de este último sencillo, titulado «Judas», procedente de su futuro álbum, llamado "Born This Way", en el que se decía "I'm just a holy fool, baby, it's so cruel, but I'm still in love with Judas, baby", que significa, traducido, literalmente, del idioma inglés a la lengua castellana, algo así como "sólo soy un santo tonto, cariño; es tan cruel... pero, todavía, estoy enamorada de Judas, cariño".

Posteriormente, al día siguiente, durante el pasado Martes, día 22 de Febrero de este año 2.011, en una entrevista, concedida al locutor radiofónico Carson Daly, en su programa de radio, la vocalista Lady GaGa comentó que su nuevo sencillo, titulado "Judas", correspondiente a su futura producción discográfica, denominada "Born This Way", «es más oscuro que "Born This Way". Se trata de enamorarse del hombre equivocado, una y otra vez. Es una canción muy, pero muy oscura».

Más tarde, durante el pasado Martes, día 1 de Marzo de este año 2.011, el productor discográfico Fernando Garibay, quien ha co-producido muchas de las canciones, que formarán parte de este nuevo lanzamiento discográfico, denominado "Born This Way", de la solista Lady GaGa, fue entrevistado por la cadena televisiva musical especializada "M.T.V." y comentó, sobre este nuevo sencillo de la cantante Lady GaGa, titulado "Judas", que, «al igual que "Born This Way", "Judas" hará bailar a muchos "fans"; es una canción de baile,... el tradicional RedOne/GaGa. Es muy bueno, porque es un mensaje serio... un poco juguetón, pero, de alguna manera, terminarán bailándola».

Durante el pasado Domingo, día 17 de Abril de este año 2.011, la diva Lady GaGa interpretó su nuevo sencillo, titulado «Judas», perteneciente a su futuro lanzamiento discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", en directo, por primera vez, en un "club" nocturno, llamado "Kennedy Lounge", que se encuentra en la ciudad de Tampa (Florida, EE.UU.), tras finalizar el último "show" de su gira mundial, denominada "The Monster Ball World Tour 2.009 - 2.011", en el auditorio "St. Pete Times Forum".

Sin embargo, se ha conocido que la vocalista Lady GaGa cantará, en vivo, este nuevo tema, titulado «Judas», incluido en su futuro proyecto discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", en la final de la décima temporada del famoso programa concurso televisivo norteamericano, denominado "American Idol", equivalente al programa concurso televisivo, conocido, en España, como "Operación Triunfo", y, también, en el popular programa televisivo, llamado "The Ellen DeGeneres Show".



Todavía, no se ha estrenado el nuevo videoclip músical oficial de este último sencillo, titulado "Judas", de la cantante Lady GaGa, incluido, como segundo sencillo de anticipo, en su último trabajo discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", pero, tras haber sido filmado durante el pasado Sábado, día 2 de Abril de este año 2.011, y durante el pasado Domingo, día 3 de Abril de este año 2.011, ya, está siendo motivo de polémica.

Al parecer, el último videoclip musical oficial de este nuevo tema, titulado "Judas", de la artista Lady GaGa, extraído de su futuro disco de estudio, denominado "Born This Way", ha recibido numerosas críticas, por parte de diversos grupos religiosos, debido al trato que se hace de la religión, en este nuevo videoclip musical de la intérprete Lady GaGa.

Para empezar, el videoclip musical oficial de esta nueva canción, titulada "Judas", de la estrella Lady GaGa, procedente de su futuro álbum, llamado "Born This Way", se estrenará, según está programado, para este próximo Martes, día 19 de Abril de este año 2.011, coincidiendo con la Semana Santa y con la festividad religiosa de la Pascua, siendo, en definitiva, unas fechas que la "Liga Católica por los Derechos Religiosos y Civiles" no considera adecuadas, para su estreno.

Al parecer, según ha trascendido, la propia diva Lady GaGa sería la persona encargada de interpretar el personaje de María Magdalena, en este videoclip musical oficial de su nuevo tema, titulado "Judas", correspondiente a su futura producción discográfica, denominada "Born This Way", mientras que el papel de Judas será encarnado por el actor Norman Reedus.

De esta forma, parece que la intérprete Lady GaGa interpretará el papel de María Magdalena, en este nuevo videoclip musical oficial de su tema, titulado "Judas", que se convierte, así, en el segundo sencillo oficial de adelanto de su futuro álbum, llamado "Born This Way", mientras que varios grupos religiosos se han declarado, radicalmente, en contra de este nuevo videoclip musical de la estrella Lady GaGa.

Aún sin ser estrenado, todavía, el nuevo videoclip musical oficial de este tema, titulado "Judas", de la cantante Lady GaGa, procedente de su futuro disco de estudio, llamado "Born This Way", recibió comentarios negativos, por parte de la Iglesia Católica, debido a la caracterización, hecha por la propia artista Lady GaGa, del personaje de María Magdalena.

Bill Donohue, presidente de la "Liga Católica por los Derechos Religiosos y Civiles", en los Estados Unidos de América, manifestó, en una entrevista, concedida, a través de internet, al sitio web "HollywoodLife.com", que «se trata de un truco... Lady GaGa intenta seguir provocando, a los católicos y a los cristianos, en general: se viste como una monja, se come el rosario... Se ha transformado en una caricatura de sí misma. Está tratando de copiar toda la imaginería cristiana, para apoyar sus actuaciones mundanas, aburridas y sin talento».

En una entrevista, concedida al portal buscador de internet "Google", la cantante Lady GaGa confirmó que la directora del nuevo videoclip musical oficial de su sencillo, titulado "Judas", incluido, como segundo sencillo de presentación, en su futuro trabajo discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", sería Laurieann Gibson, junto con la labor de co-dirección de la propia artista Lady GaGa.

Por su parte, en otra entrevista, concedida a la cadena televisiva musical especializada "M.T.V.", Laurieann Gibson, co-directora y coreógrafa del videoclip musical oficial de este tema, titulado "Judas", de la intérprete Lady GaGa, extraído de su futuro disco de estudio, llamado "Born This Way", dijo que el videoclip musical sería impactante y que no estaría enfocado, en su totalidad, hacia una trama de tipo religioso, añadiendo, posteriormente, que "yo soy cristiana y mi carrera es una prueba de Dios, en mi vida, y creo que la mayoría de la gente, ya, está pensando que Lady GaGa hará una blasfemia, pero el mensaje es, realmente, innovador”.

En fin, la solista Lady GaGa, según se ha conocido, está implicada, al cien por cien, en la producción de este nuevo videoclip musical oficial de su último tema, titulado "Judas", incluido, como segundo single de presentación, en su futuro proyecto discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", que promete ser fuerte e impactante.

Desde luego, no es la primera vez que la cantante Lady GaGa tiene encontronazos con la Iglesia, pues esta senda, ya, se inició con el videoclip musical oficial de su tema, titulado "Alejandro", extraído de la reedición especial de su último trabajo discográfico, denominada "The Fame: Monster", y, tampoco, es la primera vez que una cantante tiene problemas con la Iglesia Católica, dado que el Estado Vaticano, ya, intentó censurar aquel famoso videoclip musical oficial del tema de la artista Madonna, titulado "Like a Prayer", procedente de su disco de estudio, llamado, también, "Like a Prayer", publicado en el año 1.989, en el que se mostraba a un hombre de raza negra, interpretando el personaje de Jesús.

Veremos en qué queda todo esto. Por lo pronto, estaba previsto que este nuevo y polémico videoclip musical oficial del tema titulado "Judas", de la solista Lady GaGa, extraído de su futuro nuevo trabajo discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", se estrenase en la final del famoso programa concurso televisivo estadounidense, denominado "American Idol", equivalente, en España, al popular programa concurso televisivo conocido como "Operación Triunfo".

No obstante, la reciente muerte del líder islámico Osama Bin Laden ha tenido múltiples repercusiones, en todo el mundo. No sólo han comenzado a aparecer comentarios, por parte de varias "celebrities", a través de internet, mediante sus cuentas personales oficiales, en las principales redes sociales, sino que algunas estrellas, como la propia cantante Lady GaGa, han llegado al extremo de modificar su agenda.

De esta forma, la fecha del estreno del videoclip musical oficial del tema, titulado "Judas", de la artista Lady GaGa, incluido, como segundo sencillo de adelanto, en su nuevo trabajo discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", tan esperado, por todos los "fans" de la intérprete Lady GaGa, ha sido retrasada, debido a la impactante noticia.

En efecto, al parecer, el videoclip musical oficial de esta nueva canción, titulada "Judas", de la diva Lady GaGa, extraído de su futuro nuevo disco de estudio, denominado "Born This Way", iba a ser estrenado, durante el pasado Lunes, día 25 de Abril de este año 2.011, con motivo de la sesión final del popular programa concurso televisivo estadounidense, conocido como "American Idol", pero, sin embargo, su lanzamiento al mercado será, finalmente, realizado durante el próximo Jueves, día 5 de Mayo de este año 2.011, a las 19:00 horas, a través del canal "E!", es decir, mediante la famosa cadena de televisión norteamericana "Entertainment Television", que se emite por cable y por satélite.

Así pues, el esperado nuevo videoclip musical oficial de este tema, titulado "Judas", de la solista Lady GaGa, procedente de su futuro álbum, llamado "Born This Way", se estrenará, finalmente, según está programado, durante el próximo Jueves, día 5 de Mayo de este año 2.011, y, aunque los motivos del retraso no han sido revelados, por parte de la propia vocalista Lady GaGa o de su entorno, todos los rumores apuntan a que la estrella Lady GaGa habría preferido no estrenar, durante la misma semana en la que se conocía la muerte del líder islámico Osama Bin Laden, este videoclip musical oficial de su nuevo tema, titulado "Judas", correspondiente, como segundo sencillo de anticipo, a su futura producción discográfica, denominada "Born This Way", debido a su gran repercusión mediática.

La propia cantante Lady GaGa afirmó, a través de internet, mediante su cuenta personal oficial, en la red social "Twitter", que "acabo de aterrizar y estoy viendo la 'C.N.N.'", calificando el momento de la muerte del terrorista más buscado, el líder islámico Osama Bin Laden, como "un momento histórico en la lucha contra el odio".



Por otro lado, el estreno oficial de esta nueva canción, titulada "Judas", de la estrella Lady GaGa, procedente de su futuro álbum, denominado "Born This Way", estaba previsto para el próximo Martes, día 19 de Abril de este año 2.011, pero, tras varias filtraciones, a través de internet, finalmente, se produjo el estreno, oficialmente, durante el pasado Viernes, día 15 de Abril de este año 2.011, a través de internet, mediante la plataforma "iTunes Store", de venta de música "on-line", en formato digital, mediante descarga, y, también, en el canal "VEVO", de la diva Lady GaGa, existente en el portal "YouTube", además de, en formato "airplay", para su difusión en las principales cadenas radiofónicas musicales, a nivel mundial.

Así pues, el estreno, a nivel mundial, de este nuevo tema, titulado "Judas", de la cantante Lady GaGa, incluido en su futuro trabajo discográfico, llamado "Born This Way", se ha producido durante el pasado Viernes, día 15 de Abril de este año 2.011, en toda Europa, incluyendo países como Alemania, Bélgica, Dinamarca, España, Finlandia, Francia, Irlanda, Italia, Noruega, Países Bajos, Portugal, Reino Unido, Suecia o Suiza, y en toda Oceanía, incluyendo países como Australia y Nueva Zelanda, además de en toda Asia, incluyendo países como Japón, y en toda América, incluyendo países como Canadá o México.

En los Estados Unidos de América, este nuevo tema, titulado «Judas», de la cantante Lady GaGa, extraído de su futuro disco de estudio, denominado "Born This Way", registró un debut elevado, durante su primera semana de permanencia, en las principales listas musicales oficiales de ventas, después de dos días y medio de ventas digitales y de difusión radiofónica, de forma que, en la edición de la revista musical estadounidense especializada "Billboard", para la semana comprendida entre el pasado Domingo, día 24 de Abril de este año 2.011, y el próximo Sábado, día 30 de Abril de este año 2.011, la canción, llamada "Judas", de la artista Lady GaGa, debutó en el puesto número diez de la lista "Billboard Hot 100 Chart Songs", que es el listado absoluto de canciones más importante de los Estados Unidos de América.

Además, este nuevo tema de la intérprete Lady GaGa, titulado "Judas", procedente de su futuro álbum, llamado "Born This Way", debutó en el puesto número cuatro, de la lista "Billboard Digital Songs Chart", es decir, en el listado oficial de ventas de música, en formato digital, mediante descarga, después de vender 162.000 copias, en unos pocos días, y, asimismo, debutó en el puesto número 48 de la lista "Billboard Radio Songs Chart", esto es, en el listado oficial de popularidad radiofónica, tras acumular 26 millones de oyentes, como audiencia.

Por su parte, en el Reino Unido, este nuevo tema, titulado «Judas», de la estrella Lady GaGa, correspondiente a su futura producción discográfica, denominada "Born This Way", debutó en la lista "U.K. Singles Chart", en su edición del período semanal, comprendido entre el pasado Domingo, día 17 de Abril de este año 2.011, y el pasado Sábado, día 23 de Abril de este año 2.011, en el puesto número catorce, con un total de 20.729 copias vendidas, en formato digital, mediante descarga.

Este nuevo tema, titulado "Judas", de la intérprete Lady GaGa, procedente, como segundo sencillo de anticipo, de su futuro álbum, denominado "Born This Way", ya, ha alcanzado el puesto número tres, en Finlandia, el puesto número cuatro, en Irlanda, el puesto número cinco, en Italia y en los Países Bajos, el puesto número seis, en Australia y en España, y el puesto número nueve, en Bélgica, en Canadá, en Francia y en Noruega, siendo, por lo tanto, "Top Ten", en la mayoría de los países, en los que ha sido estrenado.

La crítica musical especializada, por su parte, también, ha sonreído a la estrella Lady GaGa, en este nuevo tema, titulado "Judas", correspondiente a su futura producción discográfica, llamada "Born This Way", pues, de un total de cinco estrellas posibles, la revista "Rolling Stone" le ha otorgado cuatro estrellas y media, mientras que la publicación "Digital Spy" le ha concedido las cinco estrellas, o sea, la puntuación máxima posible.



Sin embargo, también, hay que decir que se ha rumoreado que las filtraciones, a través de internet, de esta nueva canción, titulada "Judas", de la vocalista Lady GaGa, correspondiente a su futura producción discográfica, llamada "Born This Way", fueron una estrategia de la propia solista Lady GaGa, teniendo en cuenta la temática que se abarca, en este nuevo sencillo, denominado "Judas", para adelantar la fecha de su estreno oficial, con el fin de hacerlo coincidir con la festividad religiosa de la Semana Santa, creando, así, la polémica, que, en definitiva, sirve para promocionar, aún más, si cabe, este nuevo tema, titulado "Judas", de la cantante Lady GaGa.

          Disjointed Podcast #3        

Hey All,

We just came out with the Podcast #3, which also had  Erik as our first guest on the show.
We started off talking about importing goodies from abroad to Finland, like Ben and Jerrys Ice Cream and quickly got deep in to the whole idea of importing and opening restaurants and such!
The last part of the podcast wasn't so deep anymore, it was more about sharing dirty stories, but should be entertaining :)

(You'll understand this picture when you've finished listening)

Let us know what you thought!

Like us on Facebook and subscribe to our RSS!

- Disjointed Podcast Crew



Podcast #3

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          Stebrother And Stepsister From Finland Are Having An Unnatural Relationship        
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          Canopy gap characteristics and disturbance dynamics in old-growth Picea abies stands in northern Fennoscandia: Is the forest in quasi-equilibrium?        
Emulating natural disturbances in managed forests has been suggested as a potential solution to maintain habitat conditions similar to those observed in old-growth forests. We examined the gap attributes and disturbance history of old-growth Picea abies-dominated stands in the norther boreal vegetation zone of the Pallas-Yllästunturi National Park in northwestern Finland to evaluate the influence of gaps on forest dynamics and the temporal patterns of gap creation. Six stands located at two sites were sampled along 400-m-long linear transects so that all intersected gaps were measured and dated. The average proportion of the forest area in the gaps was 43.1% ± 7.5%. An average gap size was estimated to be 221 m2 ± 198 m2, whereas the median gap size was 170.2 m2. While only 20% of the gaps were smaller than 100 m2, nearly 85% of them were smaller than 300 m2 Gap creation was constant with no distinct peaks from 1965 to 2005. Thus, forest dynamics were driven by continuous small-scale disturbances and were characterized by quasi-equilibrium structure. However, the results of the growth release analysis indicated that more severe disturbance(s) may have occurred almost two centuries ago. Emulating this type of forest dynamics would imply selective or group harvesting of trees as the predominant methods, but larger-scale, more intensive cutting could also be carried out periodically.
          Hundreds of Muslims Decide to Follow Christ in Finland        
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          Göteborgs filmfestival: Tom of Finland pÃ¥ bioduken och svenskt relationsdrama i "Exfrun"        
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          When is Network Lasso Accurate?, The Network Nullspace Property for Compressed Sensing of Big Data over Networks, Semi-Supervised Learning via Sparse Label Propagation        



Alex just mentioned this to me:

I started to translate recovery conditions from compressed sensing into the graph signal setting. So far, I managed to relate the null space property and variants of the restricted isometry properties to the connectivity properties (topology) of networks. In particular, the conditions amount to the existence of certain network flows​. I would be happy if you have a look and share your opinion with me:
Greetings from Finland, Alex

Thanks Alex ! Here are the preprints:


A main workhorse for statistical learning and signal processing using sparse models is the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso). The Lasso has been adapted recently for massive network-structured datasets, i.e., big data over networks. In particular, the network Lasso allows to recover (or learn) graph signals from a small number of noisy signal samples by using the total variation semi-norm as a regularizer. Some work has been devoted to studying efficient and scalable implementations of the network Lasso. However, only little is known about the conditions on the underlying network structure which ensure a high accuracy of the network Lasso. By leveraging concepts of compressed sensing, we address this gap and derive precise conditions on the underlying network topology and sampling set which guarantee the network lasso to deliver an accurate estimate of the entire underlying graph signal.


We adapt the nullspace property of compressed sensing for sparse vectors to semi-supervised learning of labels for network-structured datasets. In particular, we derive a sufficient condition, which we term the network nullspace property, for convex optimization methods to accurately learn labels which form smooth graph signals. The network nullspace property involves both the network topology and the sampling strategy and can be used to guide the design of efficient sampling strategies, i.e., the selection of those data points whose labels provide the most information for the learning task.


This work proposes a novel method for semi-supervised learning from partially labeled massive network-structured datasets, i.e., big data over networks. We model the underlying hypothesis, which relates data points to labels, as a graph signal, defined over some graph (network) structure intrinsic to the dataset. Following the key principle of supervised learning, i.e., similar inputs yield similar outputs, we require the graph signals induced by labels to have small total variation. Accordingly, we formulate the problem of learning the labels of data points as a non-smooth convex optimization problem which amounts to balancing between the empirical loss, i.e., the discrepancy with some partially available label information, and the smoothness quantified by the total variation of the learned graph signal. We solve this optimization problem by appealing to a recently proposed preconditioned variant of the popular primal-dual method by Pock and Chambolle, which results in a sparse label propagation algorithm. This learning algorithm allows for a highly scalable implementation as message passing over the underlying data graph. By applying concepts of compressed sensing to the learning problem, we are also able to provide a transparent sufficient condition on the underlying network structure such that accurate learning of the labels is possible. We also present an implementation of the message passing formulation allows for a highly scalable implementation in big data frameworks.





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          Isfjell i Oslofjorden        
På Klemetsrud helt sør i Oslo stakk noen øyer opp av den iskalde Oslofjorden 9300 år før vår tidsregning. I dag er det et fint turterreng med skog, tjern og åser. For elleve tusen år siden sto havet 194 meter høyere enn i dag og landskapet hadde en sparsommelig høyfjellsflora. - Men her var det rikt fiske, de første pionerene jaktet rein og fjellrev på land og fanget sel og fisk i havkanten, sier arkeolog Axel Mjærum fra Kulturhistorisk Museum. Hvor kom de fra? Og hvorfor kom de? Hvor skulle de når de reiste videre ? Bare ved å studere det store funnmaterialet av pilspisser, flekker og flintavslag kan stipendiat i arkeologi ved Universitetet i Oslo si mye om akkurat det. - Omtrent ved Skedsmokorset lå iskanten til den enorme isbreen som dekket hele Norge og store deler av Sverige og Finland. Så de som fant sine fangstboplasser ved Elgsrud hadde kommet sørfra. Kanskje fra områdene i Sønderjylland eller ved dagens Hamburg. Det er det mulig å se på den teknikken de brukte for å lage økser, sier Eymundsson. - På en av boplassene her må det ha vært en familiegruppe med to små barn. Kanskje en treåring og en litt eldre søster eller bror. Det ser vi på flintavslagene og restene etter økseproduksjonen. Den ene var ganske god, den andre ganske ubehjelpelig og ennå ikke i stand til å mestre teknikken. Og så har det vært noen som var virkelig gode. Jeg ser for meg en mamma med to barn som lager redskaper, sier Eymundsson. - Vi må heller ikke glemme at dette var en tid med enorme klimaendringer. Isen trakk seg tilbake med hele 200 meter pr år og landet steg med 10 cm hvert år. Det betyr at det store, synlige endringer i landskapet fra sesong til sesong. Får oss til å tenke litt på hvordan det kan bli ved fremtidige miljøkatastrofer, sier Mjærum. Sendt første gang 24/6 2017. Programleder Øyvind Arntsen
          Ã…pning i Neiden        
Østsamisk museum i Neiden så lenge ut til å bli en evigvarende skandale. I mer enn åtte år har museet stått ferdig uten at det har kunnet åpne. En lang rekke store og små problemer har stått i veien, men fredag 16.juni 2017 blir det stor, offisiell åpning. I MUSEUM forteller museumsleder Honna Havas om noen av de 300 gjenstandene som stilles ut, lånt inn eller langtidsdeponert fra de samiske samlinger i Karasjok, Grenselandmuseet i Kirkenes og Norsk Folkemuseum. - Samarbeidet med Norsk Folkemuseum har vært helt uvurderlig, sier Honna Havas. Det opprinnelige og historiske Skoltelandet strakk seg langt inn i det som er Finland og Russland i dag, sier styreleder Steinar Pedersen. – Meningen med at Sametinget vedtok at Østsamisk museum skulle være deres tusenårssted var å vise solidaritet med den samiske gruppen som har fått lide mest som følge av grensedragninger, fornorskning og manglende støtte, sier Pedersen. Kanskje Ä'vv skoltesamisk museum kan bli en arena for samarbeid med skoltesamiske organisasjoner i Finland og Russland, sier Pedersen. – Og nå burde også Russland og Norge utvide den visumfrie sonen til å gjelde alle de skoltesamiske gruppene som en gang kunne ferdes fritt over grensene, sier han. I MUSEUM møter vi også skoltesamiske Heini Wesslin fra Sevetijãrvi på finsk side av grensen. Der er det ennå et lite, skoltesamisk miljø og det eneste sted i verden det skoltesamiske språket fortsatt brukes. Programleder Øyvind Arntsen
          Samisk kunst i Barentsregionen        
Samisk kunst fra Barentsregionen - Nordnorsk kunstmuseum i Tromsø "Duodji" er det samiske ordet for kunsthåndverk, håndbåren kunnskap som ikke veier noe. – Når man lever i et nomadisk samfunn kan man ikke ta med seg så mye, så ornamentikk, utforming og bruk av materialer på bruksgjenstander blir veldig viktig. Det er grunnen til at den nye utstillingen på Nordnorsk kunstmuseum heter "I craft – I travel light", sier en av kuratorene, Sigrid Bjørbæk fra Norske kunsthåndverkere i Nord-Norge. Utstillingen samler 17 forskjellige kunstnere fra hele Barentsregionen, fra Nord-Norge, Finland, Arkhangelsk, Murmansk og helt til den sibirske byen Naryan-Mar, som er sentrum for Nenets-kulturen. For ikke lenge siden kunne direktør Jérémie McGowan motta Norges Museumsforbunds pris "Årets museum 2017". Ikke minst på grunn av utstillingen "There is no" tidligere i vinter. I all hemmelighet ble Nordnorsk kunstmuseum forvandlet til "Samisk kunstmuseum", med ny logo på fasaden og en helt ny utstilling inne i lokalene. Tittelen på utstillingen peker på at det ikke finnes noe samisk kunstmuseum, noe direktør McGowan gjerne vil rette på. - Det er ingen regler for hva som er samisk kunst. Urban urbefolkningskunst er like viktig som kunst som skapes i mer tradisjonelle, nomadiske omgivelser. Jeg tror på en overlapping av kunstuttrykk og at vi alle bærer forskjellige identiteter i oss. Identiteter som kan forandres og forsterkes, sier direktør Jeremie McGowan. Programmet sendt første gang 13.mai 2017. Programleder Øyvind Arntsen.
          MUSEUMs sommerkavalkade        
Indianerstien på Manhattan ble til Broadway. Og det var nordmenn som bygde palisaden av tre tvers over den, for å beskytte den nye kolonien mot indianerangrep. Gaten som går der i dag kalles Wall Street og er et spor etter de norske pionerene som var en del av det Hollandske miljøet i Ny Amsterdam midt på 1600-tallet. Dette er ett av MUSEUMs reisetips,- ta en tur til Pearl Street og Broad Street ved Battery Park, og gå i fotsporene til de aller første nordmenn som emigrerte til Den nye verden. I MUSEUMs sommerkavalkade er det også klipp som forteller om den aller første plastbåt som ble laget i Norge, vi ser på utsikten fra toppen av Det norske institutt i Roma og vi anbefaler et besøk til en spennende utstilling i Helsingfors. Mens nordmennene ble med nederlenderne til Manhattan på 1600-tallet, kom det mange tusen skogsfinner fra Savolaks i Finland for å slå seg ned på Finnskogen i Norge. Programledere : Jan Henrik Ihlebæk og Øyvind Arntsen
          Krigsminner i Oslo        
Under Annen verdenskrig bygget tyskerne nærmere 1000 anlegg i Oslo. Det var brakkeleire, kanonstillinger og kommandosentraler. Inne i selve Holmenkollen – altså den lille høyden syd for hoppbakken lå tyskerne luftkommandosentral for Norge, Danmark og Finland. « Det aller meste er borte. Og merkelig nok er svært lite av den omfattende bygningsmassen dokumentert, sier byantikvar Janne Wilberg. Hun og leksikograf Øyvind Reisegg har i flere år nå samlet dokumentasjon og hentet inn historier fra tidsvitner for å redde det som reddes kan av krigshistorien i Oslo. Reisegg er snart ferdig med et stort oppslagsverk som får tittelen «Oslo under krigen» «Det har vært et detektivarbeide. Flyfoto som ble tatt to år etter krigen har vært til uvurderlig hjelp, men allerede da var deler av brakkeleiren på Bogstad, revet, sier Reisegg. Rett ved Holmenkollbakken – det som egentlig er Holmenkollen – ligger tyskernes store luftkommandosentral inne i fjellet i fire etasjer. Anlegget dekket Norge, Danmark og nordre deler av Finland. Noe synes fra overflaten og deler av anlegget ble overtatt av NATO etter den kalde krigen. Programleder Jan Henrik Ihlebæk. Sendt første gang 6.juni 2015
          21.02.2015 "Langt innpÃ¥ skoga"        
Finnetunet på Svullrya i Grue er ett av stedene Norsk Skogfinsk Museum har sine samlinger. I MUSEUM i dag forteller direktør Dag Raaberg om den skogfinske historien i Norge, i del 2 av MUSEUMs reportasjeserie om skogfinnenes utvandring fra Finland. - Rent teknisk, hvis vi snakker slektsforskning, er jeg litt mer finsk enn norsk, sier Raaberg. I 20 år har han spilt den skogfinske innvandreren Steffen Mullika i "Spillet om innvandrerne" på Finnetunet under Finnskogdagene. - Jeg spiller en av mine egne forfedre, for Steffen var en av de aller første av de 431 familiene som innvandret til Finnskogene på 1600-tallet. Og jeg er i familie med 24 av dem, sier Raaberg. I MUSEUM forteller også Raaberg om hvordan den finsk-svenske språkforskeren Carl Axel Gottlund tegnet et nytt kart over "Westra Finnskogen" i 1823. - Det ble nesten opprør her den gangen, sier Raaberg, som forteller om hvordan et folkemøte forlangte at det skulle opprettes et nytt herred, med områder på begge sider av grensen, for å ta vare på den finske kulturen. Skogfinnene i Norge fikk status som egen, nasjonal minoritet i Norge i 1998. - Skogfinnene må ikke forveksles med den kvenske innvandringen til Finnmark, sier Raaberg. - Det er to forskjellige historier, to forskjellige, nasjonale minoriteter og to forskjellige kulturer. Selv om begge kommer fra Finland. Sendt første gang 21/2 2015. Programleder Øyvind Arntsen
          Finnskogar i Helsinki        
Mätsesuomalaiset – Finnskogar heter en utstilling på Finlands nasjonalmuseum i Helsinki som for første gang i museets historie viser mange originale gjenstander og en stor oversikt over den skogfinske utvandringen til Sverige og Norge. – Helt siden jeg så Astrid Reponens samling i magasinene våre har jeg ønsket å vise den for publikum, sier kurator Antti Mätsänkylä. I 1930-årene overtok Nasjonalmuseet i Finland en stor samling gjenstander og fotografier, samlet inn av etnolog Astrid Reponen i Solør i Norge og Värmland i Sverige. – Museet her sto ferdig i 1917, akkurat i tide til Finlands selvstendighet og i årene som fulgte ble den skogfinske befolkningen i Sverige og Norge på en måte "gjenoppdaget" sier Mätsänkylä. Flere vitenskapsmenn og etnologer gjorde feltstudier både i Värmland og Solør, mest for å samle inn urfinske ord og studere skogfinnenes språk, sier Mätsänkylä. Etter at etnolog Astrid Reponen begikk politisk selvmord ved å skyte seg i Riksdagsbygningens vestibyle i mars 1940 har ingen arbeidet med samlingen før dette arbeidet ble gjenopptatt av Antti Mätsänkylä. I MUSEUM forteller kurator Antti Mätsänkylä om skogfinnenes historie, fra utvandringen fra Savolaks-området i Finland på 1500- og 1600-tallet og fram til 1900-tallets siste tidsvitner. Sendt første gang 14/2 2015. Programleder Øyvind Arntsen
          Individu, Keluarga, Masyarakat, Penduduk, dan Kebudayaan        
Individu

 Individu merupakan unit terkecil pembentuk masyarakat. Dalam ilmu sosial, individu berarti juga bagian terkecil dari kelompok masyarakat yang tidak dapat dipisah lagi menjadi bagian yang lebih kecil. Sebagai contoh, suatu keluarga terdiri dari ayah, ibu, dan anak. Ayah merupakan individu dalam kelompok sosial tersebut, yang sudah tidak dapat dibagi lagi ke dalam satuan yang lebih kecil. 

Keluarga

 Keluarga berasal dari bahasa Sansekerta "kulawarga". Kata kula berarti "ras" dan warga yang berarti "anggota".Keluarga adalah lingkungan di mana terdapat beberapa orang yang masih memiliki hubungan darah. Keluarga sebagai kelompok sosial terdiri dari sejumlah individu, memiliki hubungan antar individu, terdapat ikatan, kewajiban, tanggung jawab di antara individu tersebut.

Penduduk

Penduduk adalah semua orang yang mendominisil suatu daerah geografi.Menurut Wikipedia, penduduk di bagi menjadi 2, yaitu:
  1. Orang yang tinggal di daerah tersebut.
  2. Orang yang secara hukum berhak tinggal di daerah tersebut.Dengan kata lain orang yang mempunyai surat resmi untuk tinggal di situ. Misalkan bukti kewarganegaraan, tetapi memilih tinggal di daerah lain.

Piramida Penduduk

Piramida penduduk adalah dua buah diagram batang, pada satu sisi menunjukkan jumlah penduduk laki-laki dan pada sisi lainnya menunjukkan jumlah penduduk perempuan dalam kelompok interval usia penduduk lima tahunan. Bentuk piramida penduduk dibedakan menjadi 3 macam,yaitu :
  1. Bentuk Limas (Expensive), menunjukkan jumlah penduduk usia muda lebih banyak dari pada usia dewasa maupun tua, sehingga pertumbuhan penduduk sangat tinggi, contohnya: Indonesia, Filipina, Mesir, Nigeria, Brazil.
  2. Bentuk Granat (Stationer), menunjukkan jumlah usia muda hampir sama dengan usia dewasa, sehingga pertumbuhan penduduk kecil sekali, contohnya: Amerika Serikat, Belanda, Norwegia, Finlandia.
  3. Bentuk Batu Nisan (Constructive), menunjukkan jumlah penduduk usia tua lebih besar dari pada usia muda, jumlah penduduk mengalami penurunan, contohnya: negara-negara yang baru dilanda perang.

Masyarakat

Masyarakat adalah kumpulan individu-individu yang saling berinteraksi dan berada dalam suatu kelompok. Kata "masyarakat" sendiri berakar dari kata dalam bahasa Arab, musyarak.Menurut Syaikh Taqyuddin An-Nabhani, sekelompok manusia dapat dikatakan sebagai sebuah masyarakat apabila memiliki pemikiran, perasaan, serta sistem/aturan yang sama. Dengan kesamaan-kesamaan tersebut, manusia kemudian berinteraksi sesama mereka berdasarkan kemaslahatan.

Kebudayaan

Budaya atau kebudayaan berasaal dari kata sansekerta yaitu, Buddhayah yang berarti budi dan akal manusia. Kebudayaan disebut culture, yang berasal dari kata Latin Colere, yaitu mengolah atau mengerjakan. Bisa diartikan juga sebagai mengolah tanah atau bertani. Kata culture juga kadang diterjemahkan sebagai "kultur" dalam bahasa Indonesia.

Kesimpulan : Individu, Keluarga, Masyarakat, Penduduk dan Kebudayaan adalah aspek-aspek sosial yang tidak dapat terpisahkan. Semuanya saling terkait satu sama lain, contoh : Tanpa Individu tidak akan tercipta keluarga, masyarakat, penduduk dan kebudayaan tidak akan ada. Begitu juga dengan keluarga, tidak akan ada suatu masyarakat apabila suatu keluarga tidak saling berinteraksi satu dengan yang lain. Maka untuk membentuk suatu rukun yang harmonis antara satu dengan yang lainnya diperlukanlah suatu interaksi sosial.Apabila timbul pertentangan antar individu atau kelompok, harus diselesaikan secara kekeluargaan agar tidak menjadi konflik berkepanjangan.

"Dan janganlah kamu menjadi seperti orang-orang yang bercerai-berai dan berselisih setelah sampai kepada mereka keterangan yang jelas. Dan mereka itulah orang-orang yang mendapat azab yang berat, " (QS Ali Imran : 105)

Penduduk, masyarakat , keluarga dan kebudayaan, sangat melekat kepada kehidupan kita sehari-hari. Bersosialisasi sangat perlu dalam kehidupan sesama umat manusia. Manusia tidak bisa hidup sendiri, karena manusia adalah makhluk sosial dan manusia hidup dari kebudayaan masing-masing.

Sumber : WikiPedia
          Napoleon og Norden        
Det store årstallet i Norden er 1809. Russland erobrer Finland fra Sverige og ingenting ble noensinne som før i maktbalansen mellom de nordiske landene. Napoleonskrigene omformet hele Europa og Norden ble sterkt berørt. - Vi må se hele Norden under ett for å forstå alt som ledet fram til 1814, sier redaktør Knut Arstad som presenterer Forsvarsmuseets nye bok : "Krig på sjø og land - Napoleonskrigene i Norden!. I MUSEUM møter vi den svenske historikeren Martin Hårdstedt som forteller om "finskekrigen" og Trond Noren Isaksen forteller om hvordan den senile kong Carl XIII påvirket sin adoptivsønn Karl Johan. Programleder Øyvind Arntsen. Sendt første gang 15/3 2014.
          Sveriges nationaldag        
Åter är det dags att fira det svenska. Vad är det som är det svenska? Om det finns säkert många förklaringar och synpunkter om. Låt oss ta en liten funderare.
För många av oss är det svenska flaggan som är symbolen för svenskheten. Minns själv att jag skulle fira flaggan den sjätte juni. Riktigt varför visste jag inte. Man skulle bara. Långt senare blev svenska flaggans dag nationaldagen.

Varför just denna dag. Historiskt är det två saker som ligger till grund för nationaldagen. Den ena slutet på Gustav Vasas frihetskrig, då nationalstaten bildas. Det andra är den grundlag som kom till, efter förlusten av Finland, 6 juni 1809. Det som kan sägas om den något osexiga händelsen är att den präglat nationalstaten. Det var då språket stod som kittet i befolkningen. Genom att Sverige var ett land med ett språk underlättades sammansvetsningen av nationalstaten. Samtidigt har vi under denna period lyckats hålla oss utanför krig. Unika förutsättningar värda att minnas och firas en dag som denna.

Så det är mycket stolthet vi ska visa. För med den tyngd språket har i Sverige gör det oss unika. Den som vill bli en del av Sverige måste kunna språket. Inte bara nubbe och sill på midsommar är svenskhet utan språket. Ha en stolt nationaldag.

Media SvD, GP 


           ApropÃ¥ Nobelpriset i litteratur        
Kulturradions specialsändning om Nobelpristagaren i litteratur 2010 Mario Vargas Llosa. Programledare Anneli Dufva. Gäster Elisabet Helm som är översättare, kulturredaktionens Mikael Timm samt Bengt Packalén, chef för Finlandsinstitutet samt litteraturkritiker.Kulturradion 20101007
          FDR1750 The Hell-fare of the Finnish State -- A Freedomain Radio Interview         
Is Finland, recently voted the best country in the world, a social democratic paradise? An interview with Kaj Grussner - http://mises.org/daily/4655

          Costumi Surf by Insight 51 da Tennis e Oltre        

New entry da Tennis e Oltre con i costumi griffati Insghit51.
Insight Clothing nasce ed emerge dalle spiagge del nord di Sydney come un ampliamento della già esistente linea di surfboards creata nel corso degli anni ottanta. Il veloce sviluppo porta il marchio a porsi tra i più conosciuti e all’avanguardia del mercato globale, tanto che Insight già nel 2005 era distribuito in 28 paesi in tutto il mondo.
La personalità del marchio abbraccia un lifestyle che spazia dal surf allo skate fino ad toccare l’arte, la musica, la moda e la cultura di strada.
I designers (George Gorrow di Tsubi e Natalie Wood di Sample and Beauty of Nature) non desideravano rimanere imprigionati in nessun preconcetto che potesse limitare la creatività che è alle spalle ed alla base del marchio. Volevano solo disegnare e creare abbigliamento che loro stessi avrebbero voluto indossare.
La credibilità del marchio è stata guadagnata grazie alla determinazione ed il desiderio di creare qualcosa di unico e diverso dal solito, con un mood rilassato e con un senso di reale ispirazione. Per surfare, skateare e creare, dimostrando la propria personalità qualsiasi essa sia: come è testimoniato dagli elementi del team di surf e skate e dagli artisti dislocati in tutto il mondo. Un team costituito da elementi unici, come ad esempio la leggenda delle manovre aeree del surf Christian Fletcher, per testimoniare come Insight continui a spingere il suo concept di ribellione e di desiderio di sfuggire alle regole del fashion…
Lo skater/artista Benny Barreto con il suo stile inimitabile è un perfetto testimonial di come la paura di essere ordinari porti il marchio australiano a sviluppare sempre nuove forme di comunicazione sia nell’arte che nello sport. Tutti questi componenti donano ad Insight una personalità talmente forte che continua a spingere il marchio verso nuovi confini ed a distinguirsi nel panorama della fashion industry.
Insight è distribuita in 28 paesi sparsi per il mondo tra i quali Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, the USA, Canada, UK, Francia , Spagna, Portogallo, Germania, Austria, Svizzera , Svezia, Norvegia , Danimarca, Finlandia, Islanda, Olanda, Belgio, Lussemburgo, Italia, Repubblica Ceca, Slovacchia, Grecia ed Israele. A Pistoia li trovi in esclusiva da Tennis e Oltre

          Warning: Ultra-Low Spend Economy Ahead        


We are potentially heading down a dangerous stretch of road ahead –leading us into the Ultra-Low spend zone.  In this zone, investment declines and, so competitiveness and productivity; health and education services suffer; income supports falter adding fuel to the inequality engine.  A low-service, low-waged, low-productivity future awaits.

Of course, spending a lot of money doesn’t guarantee you optimal results.  But spending too little certainly won’t get you optimal results.  So how far behind are we falling?  Let’s compare public spending (excluding interest – this is called ‘primary’ expenditure) in the EU-15 countries.

I’ll use the method devised by Seamus Coffey who hangs out at Economic-Incentives.  He excluded elderly-related expenditure and then compared Ireland with the rest of Europe.  He did this because Ireland has an advantage here – we don’t have to spend as much on pensions and related expenditure because we have a smaller proportion of elderly.  In the EU-15, the over 65 cohort makes up 19 percent of the population; in Ireland, this cohort makes up 13 percent. 

2014 is the latest year we have data for old-age expenditure.  In the following, old-age expenditure is subtracted from total primary spending.  For instance, Ireland spent 37.2 percent of its adjusted GDP (adjusted per the Irish Fiscal Council’s hybrid-GDP estimate that factors in the accounting practices of multi-nationals).  It spent 4 percent on the elderly, leaving an expenditure level of 33.2 percent excluding elderly-related spending.  Figures for European categories are mean averages. 

PS1

Ireland ranks below all the European averages.  What difference would it have made in 2014 in actual Euros and cents?

  • To reach the average of other EU-15 countries, we would have had to increase public spending by €6.5 billion
  • The next comparison is with other Northern and Central European economies (other NCEE). This is the EU-15 excluding the poorer Mediterranean countries like Greece and Portugal.   To reach this average, we would have had to spend an additional €9.6 billion.
  • The final comparison is with Other Small Open Economies, a category used by the IMF. These are economies with a small domestic market and a high reliance on exports.  Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland and Sweden are in this category.  This is arguably our peer group.  To reach this average we would have had to spend an additional €15.5 billion.

[Note:  some will say that defence spending should also be factored in as other European countries spend more than us.  This is true.  In the EU-15, defence spending makes up approximately 1.3 percent of GDP; it’s 0.4 percent in Ireland.  In any event, defence spending is a policy choice and, in my opinion, shouldn’t be excluded from comparisons.  But if you insist, knock off about €1.5 billion off the numbers above.]

In 2014, it could be argued that we are already a low-spend economy but as I wrote here, the situation could actually be worse.  I have reservations about Seamus’s method.  Excluding old age expenditure not only removes the demographic driven part of overall spending, it removes policy choices.  Most other EU-15 countries spend more on elderly per capita than we do.  Second, if we are to adjust for the elderly population, then we should also adjust for youth demographics.  In Ireland, under-20s make up 28 percent of the population, compared to 21 percent in the EU-15. 


          Finnish Train Drivers to Strike Against Gov't Plans to Liberalize Rail Services        
Finland's Locomotive Drivers Union (VML) announced industrial action against government plans to open the rail network to competitive tendering on Monday, local media reported Thursday.
          Dark Mountain mead         
Today is publication day for the long awaited Dark Mountain Issue 8 - our first themed book and paperback. Titled Techne it is a wide-ranging collection of essays, reflections and maker guides on all aspects of technology and tools.Tonight we launch at the /i’klectik/ studios in Lambeth where I am giving a slideshow of some of the artworks and photographs in this densely illustrated volume, and Mark is giving a demo on how to make a wild autumn mead. As well as co-editing the book I have written two of its pieces. Here is the first, a short practical one (the second Wayland and the Futuremakers will come later). 

This is a mead made for a talk about Dark Mountain at the 2 Degrees Festival at Toynbee Studios, Whitechapel, last June. My fellow editor Steve Wheeler and I had been invited to present our talk without any technology or power, as part of a ‘de-industrialising‘ workshop called ‘Breakdown breakdown’, organised by the artist and activist Brett Bloom. I took a jar of mead along as part of the performance.

Honey and water infused by botanicals make the simplest, most off-grid, hands-on, archaic, indigenous drink you can find anywhere. You can conjure mead elixirs from any fruit or leaves or roots, depending on your intent or sense of adventure. Fragrant elderflowers, bitter dandelion roots, birch bark, hawthorn berries; the mead circles of rural Tennessee, according to master fermenter Sandor Ellix Katz, make them with just about with anything. Ours had a fruity theme: conference pear, lemon balm, apple mint, lime blossom honey. The key ingredient in mead is raw honey. The honey has to be non-pasteurised, so it contains the wild yeasts that make fermentation happen.
 
Midway through the presentation, just after Steve had whirled about the circle of people, reading from his Dark Mountain piece, Ragnanok, about modern warrior training in Sweden, I passed the mead around to see if anyone could guess what it was. No one did, although a girl from Finland did say it reminded her of something her people made with raisins. 

‘Well, if you remember your Nordic mythology,’ I said, ‘you’ll know that when Odin and his sky warriors weren’t preparing for the Last Battle, they were drinking mead!’

The first time I encountered mead, I was investigating plant medicine in Oxford. One night, I dreamed my head was covered in bees. It was intense. The second time was at an editorial meeting in London. Six of us had been running a newspaper against the odds and were closing shop after three years. We sat in a circle, feeling The End drawing nigh, when the managing editor exclaimed, ‘Let’s have some mead!’ and brandished a Kilner jar containing an elixir of rose petals, redcurrants and windfallen cherry plums. Five minutes later we were all falling about laughing. I thought I was going to burst with happiness. 

‘It might be the end of the world as we know it,’ I declared to the audience. ‘but at least we can have a good time! 

INGREDIENTS:
1 handful each of mint and lemon balm leaves
1 ½ litres of pure spring or boiled water
1 pear (organic), chopped (or any unsprayed seasonal fruit)
½ jar of raw honey (small local producers rarely process their honey)
1 ½ litre Kilner jar

METHOD: Pick a good handful of lemon balm and mint leaves from a garden or unpolluted location, and make them into a strong tea with some of the water (just off the boil). The water needs to be pure non-carbonated spring water. If you use tap water make sure it is well boiled, or left open overnight, to rid it of chlorine (although it may still contain chloramines depending where you live). Let it cool. Dissolve the honey with some of the cooled tea in the Kilner jar, then add all the rest of the ingredients, plus several fresh lemon balm leaves.

Leave the jar somewhere warmish and visible. Every day take up a wooden spoon and swirl the mixture briskly anti-clockwise and then clockwise. It doesn’t matter if you keep the jar open or closed, but if you close it you need to ‘burp’ the jar every day. It will make a satisfying hiss as the CO2 escapes and froth vigorously. Each day the mead will look different. The colour and fragrance will change. Transformation is happening!

After about 10 days it is ready to drink – though you can bottle and keep it for years. It is particularly delicious mixed with wine, fruit cordial, apple juice and/or sparkling spring water.

 All the ingre- dients in this mead are traditional herbs for relaxing and cheering you up. Contrary to expec- tation, facing the end of the world as we know it can be a cheerful thing, as every attempt to deny the situation, or to keep things going against the odds, disappears. It opens up a space you didn’t think was there. Suddenly you can see what or who was around you all the time, but you were too fraught to notice. 

The alchemical mead jar at the centre of the talk was a kind of metaphor for the Dark Mountain Project. I wanted to show hown if you gather some creative uncivilised ingredients (people) together, they can made a heady, healing and joyful brew. What is happening in that Kilner jar is the magic and medicine of fermentation -  communities of microorganisms working together, exchanging material, creating new forms, making life happen. All the active ingredients in honey are dormant until you mix them with water, and then everything wakes up. The yeasts that live on the surface of leaves and the skins of fruit add to the live action and flavour. The sweet nectar of flowers gathered and processed by millions of bees feeds them, and then us. Rewilding in a jar. 

Sip, share and enjoy!


Images: front cover of Dark Mountain 8 designed by Andy Garside; a late summer mead with cherry plums, rowan berries, yarrow flowers and mallow (Mark Watson); Mark in action at recent Raw Food and Drink demo at Giddens & Thompon's Bungay (photo by Josiah Meldrum)

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          Pengalaman Mengajukan Visa Schengen (Belanda) di VFS Global Surabaya (Mei 2017)        
Europe, wait me! (Sumber : Disini)

Setelah kemarin sempat menulis Cara Mengajukan Visa China di Surabaya, pada kesempatan ini aku akan berbagi pengalamanku kembali mengurus Visa Schengen di VFS Global Belanda Surabaya. Sebelum mengajukan Visa Schengen ini, aku sering searching informasi di google dan mendapati postingan blogger yang menceritakan pengalamannya apply visa itu sangat-sangat membantu. Jadi lewat postingan ini aku ingin balas budi, supaya bisa membantu teman-teman lainnya yang mau mengajukan Visa Schengen juga.

Mendapatkan Visa Schengen mungkin adalah salah satu hal yang paling membahagiakan untukku. Karena inilah pertama kali aku akan ke Eropa dan bisa backpackeran di luar Asia. Meskipun sampai detik ini belum beli tiket (karena hampir semua harga tiket melambung tinggi dikarenakan waktu keberangkatanku mendekati waktu lebaran), belum booking bus, pesawat, selama disana, ditambah sedikit masalah terjadi sewaktu aku akan refund tiketku Kuala Lumpur - Moscow - Kuala Lumpur via Traveloka, tapi aku memandang semuanya dengan optimis.

Aku mengajukan Visa Schengen via VFS Global Surabaya (perwakilan Belanda, Belgia dan Luksemburg) yang beralamat di Lantai 15 R.1506 Garaha Pena Surabaya. Lokasi Graha Pena sendiri berada di Jalan Ahmad Yani No 88, cukup dekat dari Terminal Bungurasih (naik gojek pakai Gopay cuma Rp 6000). Alasan klasik mengajukan di VFS Global Belanda Surabaya, selain karena aku memang mau mengunjungi Belanda, juga karena aku malas ke Jakarta. Karena domisiliku di Surabaya Pusat, aku cukup naik motor saja ke Gedung Graha Pena (daripada naik kereta atau pesawat ke Jakarta kan, mehooong hehehe).